These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Academic Research Enhancement Award  

Cancer.gov

This announcement is intended to support new and ongoing health-related research projects proposed by qualified scientists who need support for small-scale research projects. This award supports small-scale, new or ongoing health-related research projects, including pilot research projects and feasibility studies; development, testing, and refinement of research techniques; secondary analysis of available data sets; and similar discrete research projects that demonstrate research capability.

2

Engaging Students in Aging Research through the Academic Research Enhancement Award Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the R15, Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA) mechanism available through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for institutions that do not typically receive substantial NIH funding. Equipped with training received at the St. Scholastica National Institute on Social Work and Aging, I was able to secure AREA funding…

Butler, Sandra S.

2014-01-01

3

The End of Institutional Repositories and the Beginning of Social Academic Research Service: An Enhanced Role for Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more and more universities establish Institutional Repositories (IR), awareness is developing about the limitations of IRs in enhancing the academic research service. The concept of an IR needs to be expanded to include the integration of the processes that transform intellectual endeavor into a broadening array of academic and research support services which are fundamentally social. These include, but

Stuart M Basefsky

2009-01-01

4

Becoming an Academic Researcher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The neo-liberal restructuring of academia justifies research concerning what constitutes academic work, what it means to be an academic researcher and how researchers manoeuvre in academia. The aim of this article is to investigate how this reshaping of higher education affects how research careers are formed and impacts on "becoming…

Angervall, Petra; Gustafsson, Jan

2014-01-01

5

Academic Listening: Research Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of essays address a variety of issues in listening in the academic context, particularly in a foreign or second language. Articles include: "Research of Relevance to Second Language Lecture Comprehension--An Overview" (John Flowerdew); "Expectation-Driven Understanding in Information Systems Lecture Comprehension" (Steve Tauroza,…

Flowerdew, John, Ed.

6

Academic Research Integration System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper comprises results concluding the research activity done so far regarding enhanced web services and system integration. The objective of the paper is to define the software architecture for a coherent framework and methodology for enhancing existing web services into an integrated system. This document presents the research work that has…

Surugiu, Iula; Velicano, Manole

2008-01-01

7

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

Bioengineering 147 Computational Chemistry and Spectroscopy 353 Computational Cognitive Modeling 254628 INDEX Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4 Academic Credit 84 Academic and Space Studies 422 Alumni 10 Analytical Chemistry 351 Anthropology 284 Applied Geometry 380 Applied

Varela, Carlos

8

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

Chemistry and Spectroscopy 349 Computational Cognitive Modeling 253 Computational Mechanics (Civil) 164625INDEX Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4 Academic Credit 84 Academic Aerospace Engineering Curriculum 221 Air and Space Studies 419 Alumni 10 Analytical Chemistry 348

Varela, Carlos

9

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

145 Computational Chemistry and Spectroscopy 345 Computational Cognitive Modeling 248 ComputationalAcademic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4 Academic Credit 82 Academic Information Chemistry 343 Anthropology 278 Applied Geometry 372 Applied Mathematics curriculum 376 Applied Mechanics 216

Varela, Carlos

10

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

Bioengineering 137 Computational Chemistry and Spectroscopy 338 Computational Cognitive Modeling 244600 INDEX Index Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4 Academic Credit 80 Academic Resources 146 Algorithm Design and Combinatorics 347 Alumni 10 Analytical Chemistry 337 Anthropology 272

Varela, Carlos

11

Academic Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994  

NSF Publications Database

... Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994 Hypertext Format Academic Research Instruments ... 1994 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic Research Instruments:Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994 ...

12

Academic Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994  

NSF Publications Database

... Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994 Hypertext Format Academic Research Instruments ... 1994 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic Research Instruments:Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994

13

Sustaining and Enhancing the Research Mission  

E-print Network

Medical Innovation (IAMI): Stepping into the future of academic research and entrepreneurship #12;iv PanelSustaining and Enhancing the Research Mission of Public Universities Merrill Series on The Research: Sustaining Research Excellence in Uncertain Times Chancellors Harvey Perlman

14

Rx for Ailing Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the findings of the White House Science Council's survey of the condition of the United States university-research community. Indicates the problems that threaten the quality of academic research and outlines recommendations for its improvement. Funding changes, tax credits, and scholarships are among the panel's suggestions. (ML)

Raloff, Janet

1986-01-01

15

Advising & Academic Enhancement Peer Led Team Learning  

E-print Network

Advising & Academic Enhancement Peer Led Team Learning Peer Leader Applicant Instructions Thank you the qualifications, time commitment, and application process outlined below. What is Peer Led Team Learning? Peer-Led

Barrash, Warren

16

The Senate of York University Academic Policy, Planning and Research Committee  

E-print Network

-year horizon, the UAP sets out academic goals over a shorter time frame. The UAP also brings aspectsThe Senate of York University Academic Policy, Planning and Research Committee University Academic Plan 2010-2015: Enhancing Academic Quality in a Globalized World Introduction: The University Academic

17

Academic and Research Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work in the Touch Lab (formal name: Laboratory for Human and Machine Haptics) is guided by a broad vision of haptics which includes all aspects of information acquisition and object manipulation through touch by humans, machines, of a combination of the two; and the environments can be real or virtual. In order to make progress, we conduct research in

Mandayam A. Srinivasan; S James Biggs; Gang Liu; David W. Schloerb; Lihua Zhou; Joono Cheong; Suvranu De; Jianjuen Hu; Orly Lahav; Donjin Lee; Manivannan Muniyandi; Minseung Ahn; Christian Bolzmacher; Dodge Daverman; Rosa Iglesias; Hyun Kim; Siddarth Kumar; Wan-Chen Wu; Kirk Phelps; Seth M. Hall; Eleanora Luongo; Monica Pegis

18

Academic Research Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Semiconductor Laser Group within RLE addresses science and technology questions that arise during the development and application of new device technologies. During the last year the research results from the group have included: • Models for noise in various semiconductor lasers were developed. The devices studied included: o Surface emitting lasers o Quantum cascade lasers o Mode-locked semiconductor lasers.

Rajeev J. Ram; Holger Schmidt; Elizabeth Bruce; Mathew C. Abraham; Song-Ho Cho; George Cragg; Harry L. T. Lee; Tom Liptay; Peter Mayer; Farhan Rana; Margaret Wang; Brian Goldberg

19

Raise Academic Quality Improve Student Success Enhance Financial and  

E-print Network

goals and targets for your department for the 2013-2014 academic year. Wherever possible, they should-2014 Academic Year Performance Goals & Targets for Chancellery Executives OfficeP Raise Academic Quality Improve Student Success Enhance Financial and Management Effectiveness

Rosen, Jay

20

A Conceptual Model of Career Development to Enhance Academic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop, refine, and validate a conceptual model of career development to enhance the academic motivation of community college students. To achieve this end, a straw model was built from the theoretical and empirical research literature. The model was then refined and validated through three rounds of a Delphi…

Collins, Nancy Creighton

2010-01-01

21

Understanding Chinese TEFL Academics' Capacity for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to benchmark Chinese TEFL academics' research productivities to identify and address research productivity issues. Using a literature-based survey, this study examined 182 Chinese TEFL academics' research output, perceptions about research, personal dispositions for conducting research and workplace context for conducting research

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter

2011-01-01

22

Viewpoint: Military direction of academic CS research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most computer scientists know that the Department of Defense (DOD) supplies most of the funds for academic research, but few know how profoundly the funding situation has changed over the last decade. In 1976 most basic research in academic computer science was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) [see Figure 1]. In 1985 NSF's \\

Clark Thompson

1986-01-01

23

Institutional Development for the Enhancement of Research and Research Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research supervision development often focuses on improving the quality of researcher/student interactions and outcomes. Hence, academic development activity is usually oriented towards the development of individual capacities and practices. More recently, however, the focus has changed to the research enhancement needs of twenty-first century…

Reid, Anna; Marshall, Stephen

2009-01-01

24

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Portable Document ...

25

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic ...

26

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic ...

27

Academic Freedom: Problems in Conceptualization and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic freedom is of central importance to higher education and it affects all aspects of work at universities. It symbolizes academics' acceptance of the need for openness and flexibility (Balyer, 2011) and it protects the conditions leading to the creation of good teaching and learning, sound research, and scholarship (Atkinson, 2004).…

Abdel Latif, Muhammad M. M.

2014-01-01

28

Enhancing the Participation of African Americans in Health-Related Genetic Research: Findings of a Collaborative Academic and Community-Based Research Study  

PubMed Central

The involvement of African Americans in research has long been expressed as a concern by the scientific community. While efforts have been undertaken to identify factors inhibiting the participation of African Americans in health-related research, few efforts have been undertaken to have highlight factors associated with their engagement of health-related research. An exploratory study of factors presumed to be associated with participation in health-related research was conducted among a nonprobability sample of African Americans (n = 212) from a large urban community in the Midwest. The study was guided by a framework that hypothesized the influence of knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions about genetics and the involvement of providers in decision-making on willingness to participate in health-related genetic research. The results revealed that knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions about genetics and the involvement of providers were associated with willingness to engage in health-related genetic research (P < .05). The most interesting, however, was that 88.7% of the participants who had not previously been involved in a health-related study who expressed a willingness to participate reported that they “had never been asked.” Study findings suggest the need for research that further examines factors associated with the involvement of African Americans in health-related genetic research. PMID:24369499

Millon Underwood, Sandra; Buseh, Aaron G.; Kelber, Sheryl T.; Stevens, Patricia E.; Townsend, Leolia

2013-01-01

29

Enhancing Academic Achievement through Direct Instruction of Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of the explicit teaching of social skills to enhance academic achievement. The targeted population comprised kindergarten and second grade students in a middle-class community located in central Illinois. The problem of inappropriate behaviors and difficulties interacting with peers and how this may affect academic

Bendt, Lori; Nunan, Jan

30

Deepening Our Understanding of Academic Inbreeding Effects on Research Information Exchange and Scientific Output: New Insights for Academic Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the impact of academic inbreeding in relation to academic research, and proposes a new conceptual framework for its analysis. We find that mobility (or lack of) at the early research career stage is decisive in influencing academic behaviors and scientific productivity. Less mobile academics have more inward oriented…

Horta, Hugo

2013-01-01

31

Measuring Academic Capacity: Research in Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful, sustainable initiatives in communities are community-based, community-paced, and community-led. In addition, the unique culture of each community is a protective factor, contributing to that community's physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional health. Academic researchers working with six First Nations and one Metis Settlement asked,…

Fletcher, Fay; Rousell, Davina D.; Worrell, Stephanie; McLean, Barb; Baydala, Lola

2012-01-01

32

Advanced Academic Literacy and the Role of Academic Editors in Research Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced academic literacy often underscores the role of faculty as supervisors and examiners in research and thesis writing processes. Academic editors are unfortunately often not mentioned in these socialization processes. The aim of this paper is to underscore the role of this group of professionals in advanced academic literacy, as it particularly pertains to graduate research writing. I draw on

Joseph Benjamin Afful

2009-01-01

33

Review of carbon dioxide research staffing and academic support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than 60 percent of the staff on Carbon Dioxide Research Division (CDRD) projects were university affiliated, and over one third of project scientists and engineers also had university teaching responsibilities. Almost 20 percent of project staff were students. CO2 research is unlikely to affect the general labor market for scientists and engineers because it uses such a small portion of the total pool. On the other hand, anticipated tight labor markets in some disciplines important to CO2 research may make it advantageous for CDRD to expand its support of university faculty, students, and staff to ensure that competent, knowledgeable researchers and managers are available for eventual policy decisions on CO2 issues. Options for academic support that lend themselves readily to the diffuse nature of CO2 research, while providing flexibility in the identification and accomplishment of specific programmatic objectives, include modifying procurement procedures for research contracts to enhance academic involvement, sponsoring summer institutes tailored to specific participants and focused on issues of interest to CDRD, and supporting traveling lecture programs designed to bring information of concern to CDRD to technical and nontechnical audiences.

Clark, S. B.; Howard, L.; Stevenson, W.; Trice, J.

1985-04-01

34

An Academic Formulas List: New Methods in Phraseology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research creates an empirically derived, pedagogically useful list of formulaic sequences for academic speech and writing, comparable with the Academic Word List (Coxhead 2000), called the Academic Formulas List (AFL). The AFL includes formulaic sequences identified as (i) frequent recurrent patterns in corpora of written and spoken language,…

Simpson-Vlach, Rita; Ellis, Nick C.

2010-01-01

35

Peer Observation of Teaching: Enhancing Academic Engagement for New Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to uncover key motivations, barriers and outcomes associated with first-time users of peer observation of teaching within an Irish higher level academic context. Following preliminary research, a peer observation process was piloted on five self-selected peer observation faculty pairs involving peer observation training and…

Carroll, Conor; O'Loughlin, Deirdre

2014-01-01

36

Research and scholarship: Perceptions of senior academic administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports selected findings from the first stage of a study on the research role within academic work in Australian universities. These findings come from the interview component of the study and discuss the perceptions that senior academic administrators hold on ‘research’ and ‘scholarship’. The analysis of the interviews indicates that ‘research’ covers a wide and varied range of

Ruth Neumann

1993-01-01

37

The Cost Function and Scale Economies in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical research examined scale economies of academic research libraries and developed a total cost function for estimating economies of scale. Suggests that libraries in general, and academic research libraries in particular, are information provision organizations that provide multiproducts and multiservices. Findings indicate that slight…

Liu, Lewis G.

2003-01-01

38

NON-ACADEMIC CAREERS, INTERNSHIPS, AND UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH  

E-print Network

NON-ACADEMIC CAREERS, INTERNSHIPS, AND UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH MICHAEL DORFF Abstract. The benefits for students who do undergraduate research are mainly thought of in terms of graduate school success funded by NSF grant DUE-1019594, and our academic-year undergraduate research program that involves about

Dorff, Michael

39

Demystifying the IRB: Human Subjects Research in Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many academic librarians are interested in pursuing research studies that involve students, faculty, and other library patrons; these projects must be approved by an institutional review board (IRB). This article reviews federal requirements and regulations for human subjects research and explains the IRB application process. The author discusses common types of research projects undertaken by academic librarians that require IRB

Maura A. Smale

2010-01-01

40

Demystifying the IRB: Human Subjects Research in Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

: Many academic librarians are interested in pursuing research studies that involve students, faculty, and other library patrons; these projects must be approved by an institutional review board (IRB). This article reviews federal requirements and regulations for human subjects research and explains the IRB application process. The author discusses common types of research projects undertaken by academic librarians that require

Maura A. Smale

2010-01-01

41

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

42

Academic Performance Enhancement Drugs in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education is a place where students are known to navigate various stages of psychosocial development, and experiment with psychoactive substances. Extant research detailing the relationship between drugs and student development typically frame the impact of substance use as exclusively negative or harmful to student health and the outcomes…

Aikins, Ross Douglas

2012-01-01

43

Downtown Baltimore Campus Essay Academic Goals and Research Interests  

E-print Network

Downtown Baltimore Campus Essay ­ Academic Goals and Research Interests Applicants for admission to the Graduate School at UMB are required to submit a 300- to 500- word essay that outlines their academic and research interests as well as their goals and objectives in pursuing graduate education. The essay must

Weber, David J.

44

The Effective Academic: A Handbook for Enhanced Academic Practice. The Times Higher Education Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides guidance about controlling and directing an academic career by suggesting systematic approaches to key areas of responsibility and activity. It explores management and leadership in higher education, developing and promoting research and teaching, and coping with the changing university environment. The chapters of part 1,…

Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.; Fry, Heather, Ed.

45

Annotated Bibliography of Recent Research Related to Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an annotated bibliography of recent research related to academic advising. It includes research papers that focus on advising and a special section of the "Journal of Career Development" that is devoted to multicultural graduate advising relationships.

Mottarella, Karen, Comp.

2011-01-01

46

The Quantitative Crunch: The Impact of Bibliometric Research Quality Assessment Exercises on Academic Development at Small Conferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Small and specialist inter-disciplinary conferences, particularly those relating to technology enhanced learning such as International Conference on Information and Communications Technology in Education, provide valuable opportunities for academics and academic-related/professional staff to report upon their research and development…

Henderson, Michael; Shurville, Simon; Fernstrom, Ken

2009-01-01

47

Research Productivity by Career Stage among Korean Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores Korean academics' changes in research productivity by career stage. Career stage in this study is defined as a specific cohort based on one's length of job experience, with those in the same stage sharing similar interests, values, needs, and tasks; it is categorized into fledglings, maturing academics, established…

Jung, Jisun

2014-01-01

48

An Applied Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods in Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic advising research aids faculty members and advisors in detecting, explaining, and addressing macro-level trends beyond their local campus. It also helps legitimize the professional nature of academic advising, moving it beyond mere prescriptive models that focus on rules and course selection. Due to the erroneous belief that skills in…

Hurt, Robert L.; McLaughlin, Eric J.

2012-01-01

49

Chinese TEFL Academics' Perceptions about Research: An Institutional Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China, as across the world. However, Chinese TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) academics' research capacity has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan

2011-01-01

50

Patents and licensing and the commercialization of academic biomedical research  

E-print Network

This thesis is part of a larger body of research being undertaken by Dr. Fiona Murray and colleagues examining value creation and sharing between and among the three principal players in the commercialization of academic ...

Wehby, Richard George, 1957-

2004-01-01

51

RESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FOR ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE PROGRAM (ROADS)  

E-print Network

in a science fair? If yes, what was it, when and whereRESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FOR ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE PROGRAM (ROADS) FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS choice? _____________________________________________________________ Have you ever entered a project

52

Funding Computer-Assisted Reference in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops the argument that academic research libraries should use their materials budget to provide access to materials in all formats, including machine readable information in both locally available systems and commercially owned remote online databases. (CLB)

Beltran, Ann Bristow

1987-01-01

53

Tutoring Central a Unit of Academic Enhancement Peer Educator-Tutor Position  

E-print Network

academic success. OUR GOAL: Our goal is to build on students' strengths to help them achieve their full their academic performance. One-on-one tutorial services Small group tutoring Webinars on student success in the success of fellow students. RESPONSIBILITIES: Successful completion of Academic Enhancement Peer Educator

54

Research Ethics Hicks Academic and Administration Building, Suite 231  

E-print Network

Research Ethics Hicks Academic and Administration Building, Suite 231 6299 South Street Halifax, NS, B3H 4R2 Updated: August 2012 Dalhousie Research Ethics Boards Guidance for Submitting an Application for Research Ethics Review ­ Undergraduate Students #12;Guidance - Undergraduate 2 Table of Contents SUBMISSION

Brownstone, Rob

55

Alternative Model of Funding for Academic Research in Nigerian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funding of academic research in Nigerian universities by Government (5 per cent recurrent grants) is a policy dictated by the National Universities Commission (NUC) as the central body for allocating research funds. This research fund, little as it is, is irregular and inadequate and to make it worse is difficult to access. These aforementioned…

Olayiwola, Shina

2010-01-01

56

The Cost Function and Scale Economies in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical research examined scale economies of academic research libraries that belong to the Association of Research Libraries and developed a total cost function for estimating economies of scale. Argues that libraries are information provision organizations that provide multiproducts and multiservices and compares this study with previous…

Liu, Lewis Guodo

2002-01-01

57

Trends of Academic Research in Education in Arab Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational research conducted in education faculties and departments in Arab universities is reviewed as a preliminary for further research to improve the schooling system in the Arabic world. The focus is academic research conducted by university graduate students for master's and doctoral degrees. Covering the period 1946-1978, this review…

Ebeid, William T.

58

Life context of pharmacological academic performance enhancement among university students – a qualitative approach  

PubMed Central

Background Academic performance enhancement or cognitive enhancement (CE) via stimulant drug use has received increasing attention. The question remains, however, whether CE solely represents the use of drugs for achieving better academic or workplace results or whether CE also serves various other purposes. The aim of this study was to put the phenomenon of pharmacological academic performance enhancement via prescription and illicit (psycho-) stimulant use (Amphetamines, Methylphenidate) among university students into a broader context. Specifically, we wanted to further understand students’ experiences, the effects of use on students and other factors, such as pressure to perform in their academic and private lives. Methods A sample of 18 healthy university students reporting the non-medical use of prescription and illicit stimulants for academic performance enhancement was interviewed in a face-to-face setting. The leading questions were related to the situations and context in which the students considered the non-medical use of stimulants. Results Based on the resultant transcript, two independent raters identified six categories relating to the life context of stimulant use for academic performance enhancement: Context of stimulant use beyond academic performance enhancement, Subjective experience of enhancement, Timing of consumption, Objective academic results, Side effects, Pressure to perform. Conclusions The answers reveal that academic performance enhancement through the use of stimulants is not an isolated phenomenon that solely aims at enhancing cognition to achieve better academic results but that the multifaceted life context in which it is embedded is of crucial relevance. The participants not only considered the stimulants advantageous for enhancing academic performance, but also for leading an active life with a suitable balance between studying and time off. The most common reasons given for stimulant use were to maximize time, to increase motivation and to cope with memorizing. According to the interviews, there is a considerable discrepancy between subjective experiences and objective academic results achieved. PMID:24606831

2014-01-01

59

Herding the Academic Cats: The Challenges of "Managing" Academic Research in the Contemporary UK University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some aspects of and challenges faced by those academics and administrators who undertake the leadership and management of research activity in contemporary UK universities. This analysis is set in the context of almost three decades of reforms to the UK's higher education systems in general and to research funding and audit…

Deem, Rosemary

2010-01-01

60

Situated Mathematical Research: The Interaction of Academic and Non-Academic Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the relationship between research mathematics and the mathematics that arises in non-academic mathematical practices? I answer this question in terms of situated mathematical research, which comprises situated mathematical interpretations and situated mathematical applications. A situated mathematical interpretation of a practice takes…

Palmer, Miquel Alberti

2010-01-01

61

Research Publication as a Strategy to Improve International Academic Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities in Asia are now focused on enhancing their global academic competitiveness. Various strategies are implemented to restructure, reform and transform universities aimed at improving ranking in the global university league. One significant strategy is to encourage academicians to place priority on publishing in high-impact…

Tie, Fatt Hee

2012-01-01

62

Research Article Sleep Preferentially Enhances  

E-print Network

for negative arousing narratives was facilitated after 3 hr of late-night sleep, which is rich in REM (rapid eye movement) sleep.1 As REM sleep intensely activates Address correspondence to Jessica D. PayneResearch Article Sleep Preferentially Enhances Memory for Emotional Components of Scenes Jessica D

Kensinger, Elizabeth A.

63

Demystifying the IRB: Human Subjects Research in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many academic librarians are interested in pursuing research studies that involve students, faculty, and other library patrons; these projects must be approved by an institutional review board (IRB). This article reviews federal requirements and regulations for human subjects research and explains the IRB application process. The author discusses…

Smale, Maura A.

2010-01-01

64

When Academics Integrate Research Skill Development in the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considered outcomes when 27 academics explicitly developed and assessed student research skills in 28 regular (non-research methods) semester-length courses. These courses ranged from small (n = 17) to medium-large (n = 222) and included those from first year to masters in business, engineering, health science, humanities and science,…

Willison, J. W.

2012-01-01

65

Strategic Planning for Academic Research: A Canadian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an empirical study of research planning in Canadian universities. Drawing on data compiled during interviews with senior administrators from 27 academic units in 10 universities, the paper analyses how strategic planning has been applied to the research mission over the past decade. Findings reveal variability in processes…

Sa, Creso M.; Tamtik, Merli

2012-01-01

66

Undergraduate Research and Academic Archives: Instruction, Learning and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are increasingly investing resources to promote undergraduate research. Undergraduate research can be broadly defined to incorporate scientific inquiry, creative expression, and scholarship with the result of producing original work. Academic archives and special collections can play a vital role in the undergraduate…

Krause, Magia G.

2010-01-01

67

Constructing a Roadmap for Future Universal Screening Research beyond Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of the literature on universal screening in education is devoted to academic screeners. However, research clearly indicates that other aspects of student functioning are closely associated with outcomes inside and outside of school. As a result, there are gaps in the current literature that call for additional research extending…

Cook, Clayton R.; Volpe, Robert J.; Livanis, Andrew

2010-01-01

68

A survey of collaborative information seeking practices of academic researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information seeking and management practices are an integral aspect of people's daily work. However, we still have little understanding of collaboration in the information seeking process. Through a survey of collaborative information seeking practices of academic researchers, we found that researchers reported that (1) the lack of expertise is the primary reason that they collaborate when seeking information; (2) traditional

Patricia Ruma Spence; Madhu C. Reddy; Richard Hall

2005-01-01

69

Fair Use Challenges in Academic and Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes research into the current application of fair use to meet the missions of U.S. academic and research libraries. Sixty-five librarians were interviewed confidentially by telephone for around one hour each. They were asked about their employment of fair use in five key areas of practice: support for teaching and learning,…

Association of Research Libraries, 2010

2010-01-01

70

How we enhanced medical academics skills and reduced social inequities using an academic teaching program.  

PubMed

Abstract The training of future physicians should be concurrent with the development of different skills and attitudes. This warrants the need to regularly provide students with opportunities for self-development throughout their academic career. This approach was exemplified in a medical school in the Brazilian Amazon, where students were allowed to play the role of high school teachers. As part of this exercise, they conducted reinforcement classes for high school students to increase the number of university admissions. The medical students were solely responsible for organizing and implementing this project, giving them the opportunity to develop teaching and leadership skills, enhance their understanding of communication and administration and contribute toward the society. PMID:25301145

Martins, Antonio Camargo; Oliveira, Felipe Renę Alves; Delfino, Breno Matos; Pereira, Thasciany Moraes; de Moraes, Fabio Henrique Pinto; Barbosa, Guilherme Viana; de Macedo, Lucas Felipe; Domingos, Tayna Da Silva; Da Silva, Dyemisson Pinheiro; Menezes, Charlene Cristine Rodrigues; Oliveira Filho, Edmar Santana; Pereira, Thales Augusto Da Silva; Piccirilli, Elizabeth Souza; Pinto, Wagner De Jesus

2014-10-10

71

Critical research needs for managing coral reef marine protected areas: perspectives of academics and managers.  

PubMed

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are a primary policy instrument for managing and protecting coral reefs. Successful MPAs ultimately depend on knowledge-based decision making, where scientific research is integrated into management actions. Fourteen coral reef MPA managers and sixteen academics from eleven research, state and federal government institutions each outlined at least five pertinent research needs for improving the management of MPAs situated in Australian coral reefs. From this list of 173 key questions, we asked members of each group to rank questions in order of urgency, redundancy and importance, which allowed us to explore the extent of perceptional mismatch and overlap among the two groups. Our results suggest the mismatch among MPA managers and academics is small, with no significant difference among the groups in terms of their respective research interests, or the type of questions they pose. However, managers prioritised spatial management and monitoring as research themes, whilst academics identified climate change, resilience, spatial management, fishing and connectivity as the most important topics. Ranking of the posed questions by the two groups was also similar, although managers were less confident about the achievability of the posed research questions and whether questions represented a knowledge gap. We conclude that improved collaboration and knowledge transfer among management and academic groups can be used to achieve similar objectives and enhance the knowledge-based management of MPAs. PMID:23220604

Cvitanovic, C; Wilson, S K; Fulton, C J; Almany, G R; Anderson, P; Babcock, R C; Ban, N C; Beeden, R J; Beger, M; Cinner, J; Dobbs, K; Evans, L S; Farnham, A; Friedman, K J; Gale, K; Gladstone, W; Grafton, Q; Graham, N A J; Gudge, S; Harrison, P L; Holmes, T H; Johnstone, N; Jones, G P; Jordan, A; Kendrick, A J; Klein, C J; Little, L R; Malcolm, H A; Morris, D; Possingham, H P; Prescott, J; Pressey, R L; Skilleter, G A; Simpson, C; Waples, K; Wilson, D; Williamson, D H

2013-01-15

72

Academic research: Foster defends DoD support in universities.  

PubMed

The United States has evolved a pattern of association between our universities and the Department of Defense. This association has led to major achievements in science and engineering, and has strengthened both national security and the national academic research base. Those who would make sweeping changes in this successfully evolving pattern should consider the whole case, all of the consequences for the country, from the many points of view. The issues must be tested in the larger context of all support to academic research, and the entire range of national groups and goals. PMID:6058343

1967-11-01

73

Researching Academic Stress and Anxiety in Students: Some Methodological Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a long history of interest in North American and Western European literature, researchers in the UK are only now beginning to turn attention to the issue of academic stress in schoolchildren and how it may affect emotional well-being, health and performance on school assessments. Based on the author's experiences of designing an extensive…

Putwain, David

2007-01-01

74

Online Data Collection in Academic Research: Advantages and Limitations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online data collection in academic research might be replacing paper-and-pencil surveys or questionnaires in the near future. This paper discusses the advantages and limitations of online data collection, with particular reference to the conduct of two qualitative studies involving upper secondary school teachers and students in Iceland in 2002.…

Lefever, Samuel; Dal, Michael; Matthiasdottir, Asrun

2007-01-01

75

Obstacles facing translational research in academic medical centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last quarter of the 20th century, there has been a boom in biomedical research discov- eries that, for the most part, has not been successfully exploited for improving medical therapy or diagnosis. This lack of success is surprising because there is a broad consensus within academic medical centers (AMCs) that a primary mission is to move scientific discoveries

JORDAN S. POBER; CRYSTAL S. NEUHAUSER; JEREMY M. POBER

2001-01-01

76

Research, Publication, and Service Patterns of Florida Academic Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to establish benchmarks for comparison to national trends, a web-based survey explored the research, publication, and service activities of Florida academic librarians. Participants ranked the importance of professional activities to the tenure/promotion process. Findings suggest that perceived tenure and promotion demands do…

Henry, Deborah B.; Neville, Tina M.

2004-01-01

77

Writing in the Ether: A Collaborative Approach to Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the developmental stages of academic publication collaborations through both research on the collaborative process itself, as well as through analysis of the discovery process. Using the qualitative software package, NUD*IST, the teleconferencing system, FirstClass, and standard e-mail, the study…

Winograd, David; Milton, Katherine

78

Researching Academic Identity: Using Discursive Psychology as an Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current thinking on academic identities is heavily influenced by developments in other disciplines, notably sociology. This accords with Haggis's (2007) challenge for educational researchers to engage with current theory and methods from across the social sciences. However, the traditional sister discipline to education, psychology, seems…

McLean, Neil

2012-01-01

79

Sex of Teacher and Academic Achievement: A Review of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews research on the treatment of boys and girls by male and female elementary school teachers. Little support is found for a general hypothesis that male teachers, when compared with female teachers, improve boys' academic achievement and reduce the number of problems boys experience in elementary school. (SB)

Vroegh, Karen

1976-01-01

80

Creating the Academic Commons: Guidelines for Learning, Teaching, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's library is still at the heart of all university activities, helping students and faculty become better learners, teachers, and researchers. In recent years there has emerged the formalizing of one or more of these activities into an Academic Commons. These centers of information have been labeled variously but they all share a commonality:…

Gould, Thomas H.P.

2011-01-01

81

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience…

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

82

Academic Factors that Affect Undergraduate Research Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate research experiences are considered an essential component in college curricula, and there is an ideological push to provide these experiences to all students. However, it is not clear whether engagement in research is better suited for higher ability undergraduates late in their programs or for all undergraduates and whether…

Taraban, Roman; Logue, Erin

2012-01-01

83

Research Computing We help Dartmouth scholars and researchers use computing to reach their academic goals  

E-print Network

Research Computing We help Dartmouth scholars and researchers use computing to reach their academic a web-based interface to its data- base of films. Researchers with computational codes that require Applications Installed as requested Susan A. Schwarz Interim Director of Research Computing Research Software

Myers, Lawrence C.

84

Funding Policy and Strategies for Basic Research by Academic Division of The Thailand Research Fund  

Microsoft Academic Search

** ABSTRACT: The Academic Division of The Thailand Research Fund (TRF), is responsible for providing funds to support basic research in science and technology, and social science and humanities. Three categories of research are currently being supported: (1) Investigator-initiated research is the research proposed by an investigator, which may be on any topics, but must be novel in idea and

Vichai Boonsaeng; Prasert Sobhon

85

Enhancing Ocean Research Data Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) works in partnership with ocean science investigators to publish data from research projects funded by the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections and the Office of Polar Programs Antarctic Organisms & Ecosystems Program at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Since 2006, researchers have been contributing data to the BCO-DMO data system, and it has developed into a rich repository of data from ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research programs. While the ultimate goal of the BCO-DMO is to ensure preservation of NSF funded project data and to provide open access to those data, achievement of those goals is attained through a series of related phases that benefits from active collaboration and cooperation with a large community of research scientists as well as curators of data and information at complementary data repositories. The BCO-DMO is just one of many intermediate data management centers created to facilitate long-term preservation of data and improve access to ocean research data. Through partnerships with other data management professionals and active involvement in local and global initiatives, BCO-DMO staff members are working to enhance access to ocean research data available from the online BCO-DMO data system. Continuing efforts in use of controlled vocabulary terms, development of ontology design patterns and publication of content as Linked Open Data are contributing to improved discovery and availability of BCO-DMO curated data and increased interoperability of related content available from distributed repositories. We will demonstrate how Semantic Web technologies (e.g. RDF/XML, SKOS, OWL and SPARQL) have been integrated into BCO-DMO data access and delivery systems to better serve the ocean research community and to contribute to an expanding global knowledge network.

Chandler, Cynthia; Groman, Robert; Shepherd, Adam; Allison, Molly; Arko, Robert; Chen, Yu; Fox, Peter; Glover, David; Hitzler, Pascal; Leadbetter, Adam; Narock, Thomas; West, Patrick; Wiebe, Peter

2014-05-01

86

Senior Academic Appointment Research Project Leader / Professor  

E-print Network

for Next Generation Localisation (CNGL) is a 30M collaborative research centre that involves Dublin City University (DCU), Trinity College Dublin, University College Dublin, University of Limerick, and nine the Human Resources Department, Dublin City University, Dublin 9. Tel: +353 1 700 5149; Fax: +353 1 700 5500

Humphrys, Mark

87

Memorandum of Understanding Academic and Research Collaboration  

E-print Network

Institute of Technology Madras have agreed to the following protocols governing their collaboration will be governed by the terms laid out in Annexure 2. #12;Commencement, renewal, termination and amendment This MOU. In any case, the consent of the teacher / project supervisors / research supervisors is required

Das, Bijoy Krishna

88

Socialization of Junior Researchers in New Academic Research Environments: Two Case Studies from Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the modes of research training in two Finnish academic research centres, where research is project based, application oriented and externally funded. In particular, the article asks what duties, skills and qualities are considered appropriate for people in different positions (PhD student, post-doctoral researcher,…

Hakala, Johanna

2009-01-01

89

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

90

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs. [Final report  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

91

A Survey of the Barriers Associated with Academic-based Cancer Research Commercialization  

PubMed Central

Commercialization within the academic setting is associated with many challenges and barriers. Previous studies investigating these challenges/barriers have, in general, broadly focused on multiple disciplines and, oftentimes, several institutions simultaneously. The goal of the study presented here was to analyze a range of barriers that may be broadly associated with commercializing academic-based cancer research. This goal was addressed via a study of the barriers associated with cancer research commercialization at the University of Kentucky (UK). To this end, a research instrument in the form of an electronic survey was developed. General demographic information was collected on study participants and two research questions were addressed: 1) What are the general barriers inhibiting cancer research commercialization at UK? and 2) Would mitigation of the barriers potentially enhance faculty engagement in commercialization activities? Descriptive and statistical analysis of the data reveal that multiple barriers likely inhibit cancer research commercialization at UK with expense, time, infrastructure, and lack of industry partnerships being among the most commonly cited factors. The potential alleviation of these factors in addition to revised University policies/procedures, risk mitigation, more emphasis on commercialization by academia research field, and increased information on how to commercialize significantly correlated with the potential for increased commercialization activity. Furthermore, multivariate logistic regression modeling demonstrated that research commercialization would incrementally increase as barriers to the process are removed and that PhD-holding respondents and respondents in commercialization-supportive research fields would be more likely to commercialize their research upon barrier removal. Overall, as with other disciplines, these data suggest that for innovations derived from academic cancer-research to move more effectively and efficiently into the marketplace, university administrators and external agents, such as policymakers, need to address what are well-documented and defined issues. PMID:23991077

Vanderford, Nathan L.; Weiss, L. Todd; Weiss, Heidi L.

2013-01-01

92

Academics' Perceptions of the Purpose of Undergraduate Research Experiences in a Research-Intensive Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of research experiences as core components of undergraduate curricula implies that students will be exposed to and situated within the research activities of their university. Such experiences thus provide a new prism through which to view the relations between teaching, research and learning. The intentions and actions of academics

Wilson, Anna; Howitt, Susan; Wilson, Kate; Roberts, Pam

2012-01-01

93

Rhetorical Strategies in Engineering Research Articles and Research Theses: Advanced Academic Literacy and Relations of Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research articles and research theses constitute two key genres used by scientific communities for the dissemination and ratification of knowledge. Both genres are produced at advanced stages of individuals' enculturation in disciplinary communities present original research aim to persuade the academic community to accept new knowledge claims,…

Koutsantoni, Dimitra

2006-01-01

94

Enhancing Academic Climate: Doctoral Students as Their Own Developers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a collaborative initiative with doctoral students to create an academic climate more conducive to fostering interaction across disciplinary groups in a faculty of education in North America. The project attempted to ensure that these students had a voice in creating practices, structures, and policies in the faculty that would…

McAlpine, Lynn; Asghar, Anila

2010-01-01

95

Increasing Academic Excellence and Enhancing Diversity Are Compatible Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is possible to simultaneously increase academic excellence and diversity. This article describes how the theory of successful intelligence can be used to accomplish both of these goals. The theory postulates that intelligence comprises creative skills in generating novel ideas, analytical skills in discerning whether they are good ideas, and…

Sternberg, Robert Jeffrey

2008-01-01

96

Ethics of Academic Research (2 ECTS) Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) and Scientific Misconduct  

E-print Network

Ethics of Academic Research (2 ECTS) Contents: · Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) and Scientific Misconduct · Ethical (Pre-)Review and the RCR Investigation Process · Questions Pertaining to All authorship, peer review, mentor/trainee responsibilities) · Discipline-Specific Ethical Issues (human

Wahlberg, Niklas

97

Academic Users' Information Searching on Research Topics: Characteristics of Research Tasks and Search Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project investigated how academic users search for information on their real-life research tasks. This article presents the findings of the first of two studies. The study data were collected in the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia. Eleven PhD students' searching behaviors on personal research topics were…

Du, Jia Tina; Evans, Nina

2011-01-01

98

NSF's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR): Subsidizing Academic Research or State Budgets?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-state empirical study focuses on the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) and examines its impact on the academic research and development (R&D) expenditures financed by state governments. Based on a panel of 50 states during 1979-2006, the empirical results indicate that…

Wu, Yonghong

2009-01-01

99

Microbial Resource Research Infrastructure (MIRRI): Infrastructure to foster academic research and biotechnological innovation.  

PubMed

The coordinated collaboration between public culture collections within the MIRRI infrastructure will support research and development in the field of academic as well as industrial biotechnology. Researchers working with microorganisms using the envisioned MIRRI portal will have facilitated access to microbial resources, associated data and expertise. By addressing the users' specific needs MIRRI will provide the basis for biotechnological innovation in Europe. PMID:25522722

Schüngel, Manuela; Stackebrandt, Erko

2015-01-01

100

Demographic and Academic Factors Affecting Research Productivity at the University of KwaZulu-Natal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research output affects both the strength and funding of universities. Accordingly university academic staff members are under pressure to be active and productive in research. Though all academics have research interest, all are not producing research output which is accredited by the Department of Education (DOE). We analyzed the demographic and…

North, D.; Zewotir, T.; Murray, M.

2011-01-01

101

Increasing the Visibility of the Library within the Academic Research Enterprise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic libraries support their universities' goals of developing and maintaining successful research programs. As the information landscape and researcher practices change, recognition of the library's role in supporting research may be diminishing. This article will explore some aspects of the academic research enterprise and identify…

Healy, Annette M.

2010-01-01

102

Perceptions of Community-Based Participatory Research in the Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative: An Academic Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lower Mississippi Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative (Delta NIRI) is an academic–community partnership between seven academic institutions and three communities in Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. A range of community-based participatory methods have been used to develop sustainable nutrition intervention strategies. Focus groups were conducted with 22 faculty and staff members from the academic partners on the project to document their

Laura Hall Downey; Diana Cuy Castellanos; Kathy Yadrick; Amanda Avis-Williams; Susan Graham-Kresge; Margaret Bogle

2011-01-01

103

Antecedents, Consequences, and Mechanisms: On the Longitudinal Interplay Between Academic Self-Enhancement and Psychological Adjustment.  

PubMed

We investigated the reciprocal associations between academic self-enhancement and key indicators of intra- and interpersonal adjustment as well as the role of self-esteem as a mediator. This longitudinal study involved three assessments in a sample of 709 German children and adolescents (Mage ?=?11.83; 54% female) over the course of one academic year. We assessed self-reported subjective well-being as an indicator of intrapersonal adjustment and peer-reported popularity as an indicator of interpersonal adjustment. We computed cross-lagged and longitudinal mediational analyses. Academic self-enhancement prospectively predicted high subsequent well-being and popularity. Vice versa, well-being and popularity prospectively predicted high subsequent levels of self-enhancement. High self-esteem mediated the longitudinal associations between self-enhancement and well-being in both directions, but not the links between self-enhancement and popularity. Self-enhancement and adjustment are bidirectionally linked: Self-enhancement entails intrapersonal and interpersonal benefits; at the same time, adjustment in both domains fosters self-enhancement. In terms of intrapersonal, but not interpersonal adjustment, self-esteem seems to serve as a linchpin, accounting for all longitudinal associations. Furthermore, we present evidence indicating that self-enhancement indicators that are based on difference scores (instead of residuals) are problematic and might have led to negatively biased results in the literature. PMID:25181603

Dufner, Michael; Reitz, Anne K; Zander, Lysann

2014-09-01

104

Academic AI and Video games: a case study of incorporating innovative academic research into a video game prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial intelligence research and video games are a natural match, and academia is a fertile place to blend game production and academic research. Game development tools and processes are valuable for applied AI research projects, and university departments can create opportunities for student-led, team-based project work that draws on students' interest in video games. The Digital Media Collaboratory at the

Aliza Gold

105

Seeking Alternative Researcher Identities in Newcomer Academic Institutions in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proliferating excellence gold standards in the global academic system tend to obscure the far-reaching diversification of academic missions, practices, ambitions and identities brought by massification. This article approaches this topic by a review of theory on academic scholarship and how it has changed in the wake of academic massification and…

Hallonsten, Olof

2012-01-01

106

Journal Clubs: An Educational Approach to Advance Understanding among Community Partners and Academic Researchers about CBPR and Cancer Health Disparities  

PubMed Central

Background Journal clubs may enhance the knowledge and skills necessary to engage in community-based participatory research (CBPR) that will ultimately impact cancer health disparities. This article: (1) describes an innovative approach to adapting the traditional journal club format to meet community and academic participants’ needs, (2) presents evaluation data, and (3) explores whether responses differed between academic and community members. Methods Five journal clubs occurred between February 2011 and May 2012 as a training activity of a regional cancer health disparities initiative. Each journal club was jointly planned and facilitated by an academic member in collaboration with a community partner. Attendees were recruited from academic programs across the Moffitt Cancer Center/university and community partners. Responses to a 13-item evaluation of each journal club session were compared to assess whether certain topics were evaluated more favorably, and explore differences between academic and community participants’ assessment of the topic relevance. Results Evaluations were positive (mean ratings >4 out of 5) on most items and overall. No statistically significant differences were observed between academic and community members’ ratings. Key overlapping interests by community partners and academic researchers/trainees for future journal club topics included discussing real-world CBPR examples and methods for involving the community in research. Conclusions Although the initial goal was to use journal clubs as an educational tool to increase CBPR knowledge and skills of junior faculty trainees, results suggest mutual academic-community benefit and interest in learning more about CBPR as a way to reduce cancer health disparities. PMID:24078328

Vadaparampil, Susan T.; Simmons, Vani N.; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Malo, Teri; Klasko, Lynne; Rodriguez, Maria; Waddell, Rhonda; Gwede, Clement K.; Meade, Cathy D.

2014-01-01

107

Critical engagement, activist\\/academic subjectivities and organic agri-food research in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a reflexive account of engagement in activist\\/academic organic agri-food research in Uganda. I argue that critical engagement across the third space – between and across activist and academic subjectivities – enables a re-thinking of the subjectivities of activist\\/academics and research participants and the place of research in social change and theory building. I demonstrate some of the

Kristen Lyons

2012-01-01

108

The role of government support for research in U.S. academic institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. government provides support funds for academic research in engineering through a variety of agencies. The majority of the funds for academic research is provided through the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and the National Science Foundation (NSF). Together these two U.S. government agencies, provide about ℬ in total research funding annually to U.S. universities. Support funds for academic

R. J. Trew; J. W. Mink; U. Varshney

2002-01-01

109

What Influences the Utilisation of Educational Research by Policy-Makers and Practitioners?: The Perspectives of Academic Educational Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of education much has been made of the need for academics to engage more closely with policy-makers and practitioners in the process of knowledge production and research uptake. This paper reports results from a survey of academic educational researchers in Australia on their experience of research uptake and engagement with…

Cherney, Adrian; Povey, Jenny; Head, Brian; Boreham, Paul; Ferguson, Michele

2012-01-01

110

Malaysian adolescent students' needs for enhancing thinking skills, counteracting risk factors and demonstrating academic resilience  

PubMed Central

The adolescence period of life comes along with changes and challenges in terms of physical and cognitive development. In this hectic period, many adolescents may suffer more from various risk factors such as low socioeconomic status, substance abuse, sexual abuse and teenage pregnancy. Findings indicate that such disadvantaged backgrounds of Malaysian adolescent students lead to failure or underachievement in their academic performance. This narrative review scrutinises how some of these students are able to demonstrate academic resilience, which is satisfactory performance in cognitive or academic tasks in spite of their disadvantaged backgrounds. The review stresses the need for developing a caregiving relationship model for at-risk adolescent students in Malaysia. Such a model would allow educators to meet the students' needs for enhancing thinking skills, counteracting risk factors and demonstrating academic resilience.

Kuldas, Seffetullah; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ismail, Hairul Nizam

2015-01-01

111

ACRL's Hall of Fame: An Analysis of Academic/Research Librarian of the Year Award  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association of College & Research Libraries' (ACRL) Academic/Research Librarian of the Year awardees constitute a "hall of fame" for ACRL. This article reports research analyzing 30 years of awardees between 1978 and 2007. Studying the demographics and accomplishments of the awardees contributes to knowledge of how academic librarianship has…

Krasulski, Michael J.; Bell, Steven J.

2010-01-01

112

Towards a Holistic Framework for Driving Performance in Externally-Funded Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A gradual shift in United Kingdom research funding from blanket financing by government agencies towards more diversified income streams through activities funded by various customers is prompting academic research institutions to orient their research portfolios accordingly. Academic organisations such as university institutes are increasingly…

Hagermann, Axel

2009-01-01

113

Scientific objectives of the second programme of Cooperation for Academic and Scientific Research  

E-print Network

1 Scientific objectives of the second programme of Cooperation for Academic and Scientific Research, Cooperation for Academic and Scientific Research) is an original programme developed by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) for the financing of scientific research projects devised and conducted

114

Biomedical Research and Corporate Interests: A Question of Academic Freedom  

PubMed Central

The current situation in medicine has been described as a crisis of credibility, as the profit motive of industry has taken control of clinical trials and the dissemination of data. Pharmaceutical companies maintain a stranglehold over the content of medical journals in three ways: (1) by ghostwriting articles that bias the results of clinical trials, (2) by the sheer economic power they exert on journals due to the purchase of drug advertisements and journal reprints, and (3) by the threat of legal action against those researchers who seek to correct the misrepresentation of study results. This paper argues that Karl Popper's critical rationalism provides a corrective to the failure of academic freedom in biomedical research. PMID:22013356

McHenry, Leemon

2008-01-01

115

Total Stock of Academic Research Instruments Tops $6 Billion in 1993  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs concerning the amount and research status of ... and medical schools in the U.S. that annually conduct at least $3 million of research and ...

116

The IBM Research Division: enhancing human activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

To enhance the value that it delivers to IBM, their Research Division has changed both its organization and research agendas. In the 1980s, it formed ties with product divisions to focus work on future generations of technology and to improve the speed and effectiveness of transferring new ideas to products. IBM Research now invents, develops and applies advanced information technologies

P. D. Summers

1997-01-01

117

Do Learning Skills Acquired in the University Access Programme Enhance Participation in Academic Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I critically evaluate whether or not learning skills acquired in the university access programme enhance participation in academic practice. University access programmes have been developed with a view to preparing and empowering under-prepared students who did not meet the university criteria. The article claims that even though…

Hlalele, D. J.

2010-01-01

118

Can Academic Reference Librarians Enhance the Cultural Diversity of the Nation's Colleges and Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic reference librarians can enhance the campus cultural diversity of colleges and universities by displaying sensitivity at the reference desk; understanding multicultural group behaviors; avoiding stereotyped attitudes; appreciating a wide range of cognitive style differences; striving to make multicultural students feel comfortable;…

Wilkinson, David

119

Enhancing Overseas Chinese Graduate Employability: The Case of Chinese Graduates with Finnish Academic Qualifications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores ways to enhance overseas Chinese graduate employability by taking Finnish-educated Chinese students/graduates as an example. In so doing, it understands that graduate employability development is a joint effort of multiple stakeholders including students, graduates, academics, program coordinators, employers, and policymakers.…

Cai, Yuzhuo

2014-01-01

120

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information  

E-print Network

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information Alabama Board of Law Examiners State Bar Admissions Office P.O. Box 671 Montgomery, AL 36101-question multiple-choice exam Subjects Tested MBE Subjects: Constitutional Law, Contracts/Sales, Criminal

Sheridan, Jennifer

121

"Writing My First Academic Article Feels Like Dancing around Naked": Research Development for Higher Education Lecturers Working in Further Education Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing emphasis on research output has spawned initiatives to enhance writing practices, often targeted at groups less familiar with academic research practices. This paper discusses a collaborative writing group project for higher education lecturers working in further education colleges. Participants had previously undertaken funded pedagogic…

Turner, Rebecca; Brown, Tony; Edwards-Jones, Andrew

2014-01-01

122

Academic/Research Librarians with Subject Doctorates: Data and Trends 1965-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of academic/research librarians with subject doctorates is largely unexplored in the literature, despite recent efforts to recruit them. Based on survey data gathered from non-LIS doctorate holders currently working in U.S. and Canadian academic/research libraries, this article highlights data and trends relating to these librarians,…

Lindquist, Thea; Gilman, Todd

2008-01-01

123

The Changing Academic Profession in the UK: Setting the Scene. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report provides an initial analysis of issues being investigated in a current international study, the Changing Academic Profession, supported by Universities UK and other national higher education bodies. The research is examining the nature and extent of the changes experienced by the academic profession in recent years, the…

Universities UK, 2007

2007-01-01

124

The Conflicts between Science Research and Teaching in Higher Education: An Academic's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academics are now expected to manage increasingly demanding research, administrative, and teaching obligations. These demands in practice mean that the pressures to balance teaching and research duties render cultivating links between the two activities a less-than-intuitive process. The author describes the difficulties faced by academics in the…

Karagiannis, Sophia N.

2009-01-01

125

Academic/Research Librarians with Subject Doctorates: Experiences and Perceptions, 1965-2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of academic/research librarians with subject doctorates remains largely unexplored. Based on survey data gathered from subject-doctorate holders (excluding those with doctorates in LIS) currently working in U.S. and Canadian academic/research libraries, this article extends the analysis published by the authors in the January 2008 issue…

Gilman, Todd; Lindquist, Thea

2010-01-01

126

Imagine! On the Future of Teaching and Learning and the Academic Research Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the future, what role will the academic research library play in achieving the mission of higher education? This essay describes seven strategies that academic research libraries can adopt to become future-present libraries--libraries that foster what Douglas Thomas and John Seely Brown have called "a new culture of learning." Written…

Miller, Kelly E.

2014-01-01

127

Using ICT to Enhance Academic Learning: Pedagogy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The explosion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) has created immense opportunities to enhance the educational process at all levels, but especially in university and professional curricula such as architecture. Using the new tools effectively will require that teachers become comfortable with existing new technologies, but…

Wang, Tsung Juang

2008-01-01

128

Home-School Collaboration: Enhancing Children's Academic and Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the school and the home/parents in enhancing the possibilities for students' success. Twenty-four individual chapters by 45 contributors include: (1) "Family Systems and the School" (William Doherty and Vida Peskay); (2) "Home-School Collaboration: Effects, Issues, and Opportunities"…

Christenson, Sandra L., Ed.; Conoley, Jane Close, Ed.

129

Enhancing the Reading of Peer-Reviewed Research in the Teaching English as a Second Language Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult ESL instructors' engagement with research can enhance instruction but is "a minority activity in our field" (Borg, 2010, p391). We explored instructors' engagement with research; applied linguists' and instructors' conceptions of teacher-friendly, peer-reviewed research articles; and academics' commitment…

Rossiter, Marian J.; Abbott, Marilyn L.; Hatami, Sarvenaz

2013-01-01

130

KEROGEN OIL VALUE ENHANCEMENT RESEARCH  

SciTech Connect

Three general categories of products from the Estonia Kukersite kerogen oil were defined: pure compounds, broad range concentrates, and sweet refinery feedstock. Product development and market research center on these three categories. Further attempts were made to identify and test chemical approaches for producing lower alkyl resorcinols (what the market requires) from higher alkyl resorcinols. The approaches and process conditions tested have not yet produced satisfactory results. Progress was made to interest industry in the phenolic products producible. A sample of oil from the Galoter retort was received from Estonia and characterization of this sample was initiated. The sample was batch extracted and results of yields and selectivity are reported.

James W. Bunger, Ph.D.; Christopher P. Russell, Ph.D.; Donald E. Cogswell, M.S.

2002-05-22

131

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) investigation of the mechanisms of microbially induced oil mobilization; (2) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially cultures and oil reservoirs; (4) development of simulators for MEOR; and (5) design of operational strategies for the sequential injection of microorganisms and nutrient in reservoirs are: (1) systematic discussion of the mechanisms important in MEOR processes; (2) Measurement of the growth characteristics of Bacillus Licheniformis under various conditions of pH, temperature and salt concentration for both aerobic and anaerobic growth.; (3) measurement of interfacial tension reducing ability of the biosurfactant under different conditions of pH and salt concentration; (4) development of some preliminary methods to concentrate and characterize the biosurfactant; (5) development of a compositional numerical simulator for MEOR processes; and (6) Measurement of the lowest interfacial tension (IFT) value reported for biosurfactants to date. Demonstration of the fact that the low IFT values required for oil recovery can be attained with biosurfactants.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G.

1990-01-01

132

Enhancing Astronomy Major Learning Through Group Research Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Arizona Astronomy Club has been using group research projects to enhance the learning experience of undergraduates in astronomy and related fields. Students work on two projects that employ a peer-mentoring system so they can learn crucial skills and concepts necessary in research environments. Students work on a transiting exoplanet project using the 1.55-meter Kuiper Telescope on Mt. Bigelow in Southern Arizona to collect near-UV and optical wavelength data. The goal of the project is to refine planetary parameters and to attempt to detect exoplanet magnetic fields by searching for near-UV light curve asymmetries. The other project is a survey that utilizes the 12-meter Arizona Radio Observatory on Kitt Peak to search for the spectroscopic signature of infall in nearby starless cores. These are unique projects because students are involved throughout the entire research process, including writing proposals for telescope time, observing at the telescopes, data reduction and analysis, writing papers for publication in journals, and presenting research at scientific conferences. Exoplanet project members are able to receive independent study credit for participating in the research, which helps keep the project on track. Both projects allow students to work on professional research and prepare for several astronomy courses early in their academic career. They also encourage teamwork and mentor-style peer teaching, and can help students identify their own research projects as they expand their knowledge.

McGraw, Allison M.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.; Turner, J.; Shirley, Y. L.; Walker-Lafollette, A.; Scott, A.; Guvenen, B.; Raphael, B.; Sanford, B.; Smart, B.; Nguyen, C.; Jones, C.; Smith, C.; Cates, I.; Romine, J.; Cook, K.; Pearson, K.; Biddle, L.; Small, L.; Donnels, M.; Nieberding, M.; Kwon, M.; Thompson, R.; De La Rosa, R.; Hofmann, R.; Tombleson, R.; Smith, T.; Towner, A. P.; Wallace, S.

2013-01-01

133

CUSP Summer Enhancement FellowshipPracticum & Research Assistantship Summer 2013 Application CUSP SUMMER ENHANCEMENT FELLOWSHIP  

E-print Network

CUSP Summer Enhancement Fellowship­Practicum & Research Assistantship Summer 2013 Application 1 CUSP SUMMER ENHANCEMENT FELLOWSHIP FOR PRACTICUMS & RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS SUMMER 2013 APPLICATION The CUSP Summer Enhancement Fellowship for Practicums & Research Assistantships is a competitive grant

Hone, James

134

A FRAMEWORK FOR H-ANIM SUPPORT IN NVES Research Academic Computer Technology Institute (CTI), Greece and  

E-print Network

A FRAMEWORK FOR H-ANIM SUPPORT IN NVES Ch. Bouras Research Academic Computer Technology Institute, Greece chatzipr@ceid.upatras.gr V. Triglianos Research Academic Computer Technology Institute (CTI@ceid.upatras.gr Th. Tsiatsos Department of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and Research Academic

Bouras, Christos

135

Enhancing Standardized Assessment Scores and Academic Performance through Learning-Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators contend that standardized assessments coerce instructors into teaching-to-the-test, a method which they claim promotes rote learning, limits academic growth and marginalizes at-risk learners. However, this researcher asserts that when underachieving developmental community college students are instructed with techniques congruent…

Rochford, Regina A.

2006-01-01

136

Learning Commons: Bridging the Academic and Student Affairs Divide to Enhance Learning across Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Guelph Learning Commons brings student affairs professionals and librarians together to offer students a coherent and integrated approach to learning, writing, research, and technology support. It is distinguished by three characteristics: (1) a partnership model between academic and student affairs; (2) a solid foundation of…

Schmidt, Nancy; Kaufman, Janet

2005-01-01

137

Fashioning a web2.0-based academic writing course to enhance situated social learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper integrates discursive and non-discursive knowledge and practice into the web2.0-based multidimensional course of Academic Writing in English. By resorting to the rationale of collaborative writing as embodied in critical linguistics and social constructionism, the space of teaching and learning can be effectively broadened like promoting beneficiary instructor\\/expert-student as well as student-student interactions and most importantly, enhancing the awareness

Dawang Huang; Wenbin Wang; Tingjun Yang

2011-01-01

138

The Changing Academic Profession in the UK and beyond. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report provides a summary of the UK part of the international study of the changing academic profession, which has been supported by Universities UK and other national higher education bodies. The international study aims to examine the nature and extent of the changes experienced by academics, the reasons for these changes and their…

Locke, William; Bennion, Alice

2010-01-01

139

Relating Academics' Ways of Integrating Research and Teaching to Their Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of studies has been carried out regarding the way academics view the research-teaching nexus, while other studies have focused on the students' experience of research-intensive environments. This study links these two research streams, and describes how 12 staff members in a faculty of humanities integrate research into their…

Visser-Wijnveen, Gerda J.; van Driel, Jan H.; van der Rijst, Roeland M.; Visser, Anthonya; Verloop, Nico

2012-01-01

140

The Use of Human Subjects in Research 1 ACADEMIC AFFAIRS PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

The Use of Human Subjects in Research 1 ACADEMIC AFFAIRS PROCEDURE 2/22/2010 THE USE OF HUMAN conducting research undergo training in the protection of human subjects in research. Ramapo College of New SUBJECTS IN RESEARCH PROCEDURE 300-D 1. PURPOSE This policy establishes a new Institutional Review Board

Rainforth, Emma C.

141

Photosynthesis Research 80: 1557, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 15­57, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 15 Review Discoveries in oxygenic photosynthesis (1727­2003): a perspective Dedicated, molecular biology, oxygen evolution, phosphorylation, photosynthesis, plants, reaction centers `Science

Govindjee "Gov"

142

Strengthening Institutional Research Administration in Uganda: A Case Study on Developing Collaborations among Academic and Research Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the presence of several funded research projects at academic and research institutions in sub-Saharan Africa, the quality of the pre/post grant award process in these institutions is inadequate. There is a need to strengthen research administration through infrastructural, organizational, and human resource development to match the dynamic…

Kakande, Nelson; Namirembe, Regina; Kaye, Dan K.; Mugyenyi, Peter N.

2012-01-01

143

Buying-Out Teaching for Research: The Views of Academics and Their Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the practice of buying-out teaching to create time for research. A study was carried out, at a regional university in Australia, with academics in receipt of research grant funds (and therefore with the means to buy out teaching), Heads of School, and the Deputy Vice Chancellors responsible respectively for research and for…

Smith, Erica; Smith, Andrew

2012-01-01

144

Photosynthesis Research 68: 128, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

network developed by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), part of the US Department of Defense to gov@uiuc.edu. Abbreviations: ARPA ­ Advanced Research Projects Agency; ASU ­ Arizona State UniversityPhotosynthesis Research 68: 1­28, 2001. © 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed

Govindjee "Gov"

145

Photosynthesis Research 68: 128, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

network developed by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), part of the US Department of Defense@uiuc.edu. Abbreviations: ARPA ­ Advanced Research Projects Agency; ASU ­ Arizona State University; HTML ­ Hy- per TextPhotosynthesis Research 68: 1­28, 2001. © 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed

Govindjee "Gov"

146

Photosynthesis Research 73: 16, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 1­6, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 1 Editorial Celebrating the millennium ­ historical highlights of photosynthesis research of Man, 1924 Early roots of photosynthesis research The English clergyman Stephen Hales published a re

Govindjee "Gov"

147

Academic Research at a South African Higher Education Institution: Quality Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to critically analyse how a university context influences the quality of academics' research output. Wenger's social theory of learning was used as theoretical framework. The investigation involved an ethnographic case study of the research culture at one college at the institution. Data collection was mainly by means…

Schulze, S.

2008-01-01

148

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of Departments,…

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

149

Improving Minority Student Success: Crossing Boundaries and Making Connections between Theory, Research, and Academic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to cross boundaries and make connections between theory, research, and academic planning, Prince George's Community College in Maryland (PGCC) and the University of Maryland University College's Institute for Research on Adults in Higher Education (IRAHE) developed a partnership using national and institutional research to link theory…

Keeton, Morris; Clagett, Craig A.; Engleberg, Isa N.

150

Photosynthesis Research 70: 241243, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 241­243, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, Chris and Alex follow. On behalf of the Editorial Board of Photosynthesis Research, I extend heartfelt honors. Olle was honored recently with a special issue of Photosynthesis Research, Volume 67, Nos. 1­ 2

Govindjee "Gov"

151

Research cultures in English and Scottish university education departments: an exploratory study of academic staff perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports the findings of a small?scale qualitative investigation into academic staff perceptions of research cultures across 10 English and Scottish university education departments. The study sheds light on four interrelated issues: the nature of research cultures, perceived facilitators, perceived constraints and the emotional landscape of working within a research environment. The findings indicate that perceptions vary according to

Chris Holligan; Michael Wilson; Walter Humes

2010-01-01

152

Academic Boot Camp for the Writing of Psychology Research Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein, we describe the implementation of, and responses to, a structured writing workshop in the form of an academic boot camp. Participants were 42 undergraduate psychology students from a medium-sized Australian university who were completing their major assignment for the semester. A majority of the students expressed satisfaction with the…

Skues, Jason L.; Wise, Lisa

2014-01-01

153

The Causes and Consequences of Academic Procrastination: A Research Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether students who are intrinsically motivated about learning procrastinate less than those students who are externally motivated and also explores the consequences of procrastination. Indicates that students whose motivation is external are more likely to procrastinate while procrastination is associated with poor academic performance…

Orpen, Christopher

1998-01-01

154

Student Satisfaction with Academic Advising. Research Report 98-04.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the academic advising process at Boise State University (Idaho) prior to implementation of "signatureless registration" (advisor's approval not necessary for course registration) and other changes in the advising process. Students (n=890) in 21 undergraduate classes responded to a survey about their advising experience.…

Belcheir, Marcia J.

155

The Academic Ethics of Open Access to Research and Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we present the case for regarding the principles by which scholarly publications are disseminated and shared as a matter of academic ethics. The ethics of access have to do with recognizing people's right to know what is known, as well as the value to humanity of having one of its best forms of arriving at knowledge as widely…

Willinsky, John; Alperin, Juan Pablo

2011-01-01

156

Living in the Basement of the Ivory Tower: A Graduate Student's Perspective of Participatory Action Research within Academic Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As academic interest grows around participatory action research there is a need to reflect on the ways in which universities are adapting to the presence of alternative research methodologies. This article examines the rapidly expanding field of participatory action research (PAR) as it relates to academic involvement in community research and…

Moore, Janet

2004-01-01

157

Opportunity for academic research in a low-gravity environment - Crystal growth  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The history of basic and applied research on crystal growth (CG), especially of semiconductor materials, is reviewed, stressing the dominance (at least in the U.S.) of industrial R&D projects over academic programs and the need for more extensive fundamental investigations. The NASA microgravity research program and the recommendations of the University Space Research Association are examined as they affect the availability of space facilities for academic CG research. Also included is a report on ground experiments on the effectiveness of magnetic fields in controlling vertical Bridgman CG and melt stability, using the apparatus employed in the Apollo-Soyuz experiments (Witt et al., 1978); the results are presented in graphs and briefly characterized. The role of NASA's microgravity CG program in stimulating academic work on CG, the importance of convection effects, CG work on materials other than semiconductors, and NSF support of CG research are discussed in a comment by R. F. Sekerka.

Matthiesen, D. H.; Wargo, M. J.; Witt, A. F.

1986-01-01

158

Differentiating the concept of teacher efficacy for academic achievement, classroom management and discipline, and enhancement of social relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questions examined in this study reflected a multidimensional concept of teacher efficacy that extended the construct beyond the domain of academic achievement and included the domains of classroom management\\/discipline and social skills enhancement. A 25-item multidomain teacher efficacy instrument was assembled to measure teacher efficacy for the school domains of academic achievement, management\\/discipline, and student social relations. This study

Joan Cecile Reilly

2002-01-01

159

A centralized research data repository enhances retrospective outcomes research capacity: a case report.  

PubMed

This paper describes our considerations and methods for implementing an open-source centralized research data repository (CRDR) and reports its impact on retrospective outcomes research capacity in the urology department at Columbia University. We performed retrospective pretest and post-test analyses of user acceptance, workflow efficiency, and publication quantity and quality (measured by journal impact factor) before and after the implementation. The CRDR transformed the research workflow and enabled a new research model. During the pre- and post-test periods, the department's average annual retrospective study publication rate was 11.5 and 25.6, respectively; the average publication impact score was 1.7 and 3.1, respectively. The new model was adopted by 62.5% (5/8) of the clinical scientists within the department. Additionally, four basic science researchers outside the department took advantage of the implemented model. The average proximate time required to complete a retrospective study decreased from 12 months before the implementation to <6 months after the implementation. Implementing a CRDR appears to be effective in enhancing the outcomes research capacity for one academic department. PMID:23322812

Hruby, Gregory William; McKiernan, James; Bakken, Suzanne; Weng, Chunhua

2013-05-01

160

Using publication metrics to highlight academic productivity and research impact.  

PubMed

This article provides a broad overview of widely available measures of academic productivity and impact using publication data and highlights uses of these metrics for various purposes. Metrics based on publication data include measures such as number of publications, number of citations, the journal impact factor score, and the h-index, as well as emerging metrics based on document-level metrics. Publication metrics can be used for a variety of purposes for tenure and promotion, grant applications and renewal reports, benchmarking, recruiting efforts, and administrative purposes for departmental or university performance reports. The authors also highlight practical applications of measuring and reporting academic productivity and impact to emphasize and promote individual investigators, grant applications, or department output. PMID:25308141

Carpenter, Christopher R; Cone, David C; Sarli, Cathy C

2014-10-01

161

Recent statistics on U.S. academic research and education in ocean sciences.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent statistics were collected on behalf of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy to ascertain the status of the U.S. academic infrastructure in support of research and higher education in the ocean sciences. The study focused on undergraduate and graduate programs as well as the facilities and funding that support academic research in the field It has provided the most comprehensive coverage of the ocean sciences community to date. The presentation will focus on key indicators of the health of the U.S. research enterprise in relation to the ocean sciences and discuss issues that need to be addressed by the higher education community in ocean sciences.

Schoedinger, S. E.; Gordon, S.

2002-12-01

162

EPA AND THE ACADEMIC COMMUNITY - PARTNERS IN RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes EPA's anticipatory research program for establishing institutional research centers. The center concept is intended to obtain the assistance of the best available researchers to establish a focal point of continuing research in specific areas fundamental to e...

163

Expanding Research Capacity at United States Universities: A Study of Academic Research and Development Investment from 1990-2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing emphasis has been placed on universities to contribute to the innovation process and as a result academic research and development expenditures have increased in recent years. Nevertheless, little is known about the specific ways in which universities have expanded their research capacity. This paper examines how universities in the United…

Cantwell, Brendan; Mathies, Charles F.

2012-01-01

164

Creative Research Ethics in the Enterprise University: What Price Academic Freedom?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1990 and 2010, the New Zealand university adopted an enterprise form. The nature of academic work changed commensurate with changes in the external regulatory and funding environment, the internal performative research culture, the proliferation of trans-national researcher networks, and the growing managerial codification of acceptable…

O'Neill, John

2013-01-01

165

How Do Interaction Experiences Influence Doctoral Students' Academic Pursuits in Biomedical Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory qualitative study investigated how doctoral students reported their personal and professional interaction experiences that they believed might facilitate or impede their academic pursuits in biomedical research. We collected 19 in-depth interviews with doctoral students in biomedical research from eight universities, and we based…

Kong, Xiaoqing; Chakraverty, Devasmita; Jeffe, Donna B.; Andriole, Dorothy A.; Wathington, Heather D.; Tai, Robert H.

2013-01-01

166

Bridging the Gap between Academic Research and Regional Development in the Basque Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion in this article focuses on how the gap between academic knowledge and regional development can be bridged, creating conditions for change processes between researchers and regional agents. Institutional entrepreneurs can create regional development organisations and research organisations, but in order to fulfil regional needs it is…

Karlsen, James; Larrea, Miren; Wilson, James R.; Aranguren, Mari Jose

2012-01-01

167

Allocating Time Resources for Research between Academic Staff: The Case of Norwegian University Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore how time resources for research are allocated among academic staff members in institutions where research qualifications differ much between individuals. Norwegian university colleges are used as a case. These resources, which can be regarded as scarce goods, are of two kinds: the share of working hours…

Kyvik, Svein

2009-01-01

168

Institutional Strategies for Capturing Socio-Economic Impact of Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of socio-economic impact is an emerging theme for publicly-funded academic research. Within this context, the paper suggests that the concept of institutional research capital be expanded to include the capture and evaluation of socio-economic impact. Furthermore, it argues that understanding the typology of impacts and the tracking…

Scoble, Rosa; Dickson, Keith; Hanney, Steve; Rodgers, G. J.

2010-01-01

169

The Role of the Academic Library in Facilitating Research: Perceptions of Postgraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research is taking on increasing importance in universities and colleges. It is thus appropriate for academic libraries in these institutions to re-examine how they can play a more relevant role in facilitating research. The aim of this study was to examine the views of one group of stakeholders, the postgraduate students, on the role of the university library in helping

Diljit Singh

170

Photosynthesis Research 70: 325328, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 325­328, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed- thesis (August, 18­23, 2001, Brisbane, Australia), the International Society for Photosynthesis Research-Slack C- 4 pathway of photosynthesis. On behalf of the entire international photosynthesis community

Govindjee "Gov"

171

Photosynthesis Research 53: 6572, 1997. 65 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 53: 65­72, 1997. 65 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Historical corner A `misplaced chapter' in the history of photosynthesis research; the second publication (1796) on plant processes by Dr Jan Ingen-Housz, MD, discoverer of photosynthesis A bicentenniel

Govindjee "Gov"

172

Photosynthesis Research 38:211-213, 1993. 1993Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 38:211-213, 1993. © 1993Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, oxygen clock Abstract This issue of Photosynthesis Research is dedicated to the memory of Bessel Kok of biophysics of photosynthesis. We particularly salute his formulation of the '5-step S-state 02 clock,' based

Govindjee "Gov"

173

Photosynthesis Research 80: 113, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 1­13, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 1 Editorial Celebrating the millennium: historical highlights of photosynthesis research, Part 3 laureates in photosynthesis- related areas, Roger Stanier Abstract This paper introduces the third and final

Allen, John F.

174

Photosynthesis Research 73: 1120, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 11­20, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, historical notes, Nobel and Kettering awards related to photosynthesis Govindjee1 & David W. Krogmann2, 1 2002 Key words: algae, carbon-14, history of photosynthesis research, photosynthesis, plants Abstract

Govindjee "Gov"

175

Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research

Cain, Amanda

2002-01-01

176

Development of a Survey Instrument to Measure TEFL Academics' Perceptions about, Individual and Workplace Characteristics for Conducting Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 30-item survey was devised to determine Chinese TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) academics' potential for conducting research. A five-part Likert scale was used to gather data from 182 academics on four factors: (1) perceptions on teaching-research nexus, (2) personal perspectives for conducting research, (3) predispositions for…

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter; Millwater, Jan; Tones, Megan

2013-01-01

177

Use of E-Books in an Academic and Research Environment: A Case Study from the Indian Institute of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the use and usability of e-books from the perspectives of users in an academic and research environment. Design/methodology/approach: This study involved an e-mail questionnaire to survey researchers in the academic and research environment of the Indian Institute of Science regarding their use…

Anuradha, K. T.; Usha, H. S.

2006-01-01

178

The Potential of Research-Based Learning for the Creation of Truly Inclusive Academic Communities of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic community in higher education is becoming increasingly fragmented, with arguably the greatest fault line between research and teaching. This paper argues that, through the reinvention of the undergraduate curriculum to focus on student engagement in research and research-type activities, a truly inclusive community of academic

Smith, Pete; Rust, Chris

2011-01-01

179

"It's an Amazing Learning Curve to Be Part of the Project": Exploring Academic Identity in Collaborative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an investigation into the role of academic identity within collaborative research in higher education in South Africa. The study was informed by the literature on academic identities, collaborative research and communities of practice. It was located within a multi-site study, with involvement of researcher collaborators…

Leibowitz, Brenda; Ndebele, Clever; Winberg, Christine

2014-01-01

180

Reservoir characterization and enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The research in this annual report falls into three tasks each dealing with a different aspect of enhanced oil recovery. The first task strives to develop procedures for accurately modeling reservoirs for use as input to numerical simulation flow models. This action describes how we have used a detail characterization of an outcrop to provide insights into what features are important to fluid flow modeling. The second task deals with scaling-up and modeling chemical and solvent EOR processes. In a sense this task is the natural extension of task 1 and, in fact, one of the subtasks uses many of the same statistical procedures for insight into the effects of viscous fingering and heterogeneity. The final task involves surfactants and their interactions with carbon dioxide and reservoir minerals. This research deals primarily with phenomena observed when aqueous surfactant solutions are injected into oil reservoirs.

Lake, L.W.; Pope, G.A.; Schechter, R.S.

1992-03-01

181

"Innovation" institutes in academic health centers: enhancing value through leadership, education, engagement, and scholarship.  

PubMed

In the next decade, the biggest change in medicine in the United States will be the organizational transformation of the delivery system. Organizations-including academic health centers-able to achieve better outcomes for less will be the financial winners as new payment models become more prevalent. For medical educators, the question is how to prepare the next generation of physicians for these changes. One solution is the development of new "innovation" or "value" institutes. Around the nation, many of these new institutes are focused on surmounting barriers to value-based care in academic health centers, educating faculty, house staff, and medical students in discussions of cost-conscious care. Innovation institutes can also lead discussions about how value-based care may impact education in environments where there may be less autonomy and more standardization. Quality metrics will play a larger role at academic health centers as metrics focus more on outcomes than processes. Optimizing outcomes will require that medical educators both learn and teach the principles of patient safety and quality improvement. Innovation institutes can also facilitate cross-institutional discussions to compare data on utilization and outcomes, and share best practices that maximize value. Another barrier to cost-conscious care is defensive medicine, which is highly engrained in U.S. medicine and culture. Innovation institutes may not be able to overcome all the barriers to making medical care more cost-conscious, but they can be critical in enabling academic health centers to optimize their teaching and research missions while remaining financially competitive. PMID:25029563

Pines, Jesse M; Farmer, Steven A; Akman, Jeffrey S

2014-09-01

182

Increasing the ranks of academic researchers in mental health: a multisite approach to postdoctoral fellowship training.  

PubMed

This report highlights the use of multisite training for psychiatry and psychology postdoctoral fellows developing careers in academic clinical research in the field of mental health. The objective is to describe a model of training for young investigators to establish independent academic clinical research careers, including (1) program structure and eligibility, (2) program goals and development of a multisite curriculum, (3) use of technology for implementing the program across multiple sites, and (4) advantages and challenges of this multisite approach. In 2000, in collaboration with the Veterans Affairs (VA) Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Centers (MIRECCs), the VA Office of Academic Affiliations launched the Special Fellowship Program in Advanced Psychiatry and Psychology. Each of the 10 currently participating VA sites across the United States is affiliated with a MIRECC and an academic medical institution. In the first five years of this fellowship program, 83 fellows (34 psychiatrists and 49 psychologists) have participated. The success of this multisite approach is evidenced by the 58 fellows who have already graduated from the program: 70% have entered academic clinical research positions, and over 25 have obtained independent extramural grant support from the VA or the National Institutes of Health. Multisite training results in a greater transfer of knowledge and capitalizes on the nationwide availability of experts, creating unique networking and learning opportunities for trainees. The VA's multisite fellowship program plays a valuable role in preparing substantial numbers of psychiatry and psychology trainees for a range of academic clinical research and leadership positions in the field of mental health. PMID:20042819

O'Hara, Ruth; Cassidy-Eagle, Erin L; Beaudreau, Sherry A; Eyler, Lisa T; Gray, Heather L; Giese-Davis, Janine; Hubbard, Jeffrey; Yesavage, Jerome A

2010-01-01

183

Ethnography as Method, Methodology, and "Deep Theorizing" Closing the Gap between Text and Context in Academic Writing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically explores the value of ethnography for enhancing context-sensitive approaches to the study of academic writing. Drawing on data from two longitudinal studies, student writing in the United Kingdom and professional academic writing in Hungary, Slovakia, Spain, and Portugal, the author illustrates the different contributions…

Lillis, Theresa

2008-01-01

184

Feudalism and Academia: UK Academics' Accounts of Research Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our knowledge of research cultures in university education departments is still evolving, particularly in connection with the departments which have achieved a high ranking in the UK government's Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), and also the conditions under which "knowledge workers" operate are under-researched, although this is beginning to…

Holligan, Christopher

2011-01-01

185

Mediating academic research: the Assessment Reform Group experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interface between education research and education policy in the UK has been discussed, explored and redefined over nearly two decades since the Education Reform Act of 1988. This contribution analyses how one group of researchers, in the field of assessment, has attempted to exploit the potential for evidence from research to influence education policies in the UK. Using Levin's

Richard Daugherty

2007-01-01

186

Mediating Academic Research: The Assessment Reform Group Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interface between education research and education policy in the UK has been discussed, explored and redefined over nearly two decades since the "Education Reform Act" of 1988. This contribution analyses how one group of researchers, in the field of assessment, has attempted to exploit the potential for evidence from research to influence…

Daugherty, Richard

2007-01-01

187

How to Channel the Data Deluge in Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the best ways to organize the mass quantities of data that researchers generate, and to share those data to engender new research? Scott Carlson, a senior reporter at "The Chronicle", asked Michael C. Witt, an assistant professor of library science and an interdisciplinary research librarian at Purdue University Libraries and its…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 2008

2008-01-01

188

Using Women's Health Research to Develop Women Leaders in Academic Health Sciences: The National Centers of Excellence in Women's Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the number of women entering U.S. medical schools has risen substantially in the past 25 years, the number of women in leadership positions in academic medicine is dispropor- tionately small. The traditional pathway to academic leadership is through research. Women's health research is an ideal venue to fill the pipeline with talented women physicians and sci- entists who may

Molly Carnes; Gayla VandenBosche; Patricia K. Agatisa; Anne Hirshfield; Alice Dan; Joan L. F. Shaver; Donna Murasko; Margaret McLaughlin

2001-01-01

189

Subscription to Norms and Counternorms of Academic Research: The Effects of Departmental Structure and Climate. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which graduate students in science and engineering fields subscribe to the norms of research behavior which have been the basis of the freedom, self-direction, and self-regulation which characterize academic research. In particular the study focused on the relationship between academic departments' climates and…

Anderson, Melissa S.; Louis, Karen Seashore

190

Resolved: Library Schools Do Not Meet Their Goals and Objectives in Training Academic Librarians to Perform Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic librarians who have faculty status must meet the same criteria for promotion and tenure as other faculty members, including doing research. However, library schools may not be training librarians adequately in the research skills required for entry level academic positions. In order to determine whether library schools in the United…

Anderson, David G.; Landram, Christina

191

Characteristics and Causes for Non-Accrued Clinical Research (NACR) at an Academic Medical Institution  

PubMed Central

Background The impact of non-accrued clinical research (NACR) represents an important economic burden that is under consideration as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services looks into reforming the regulations governing IRB review. NACR refers to clinical research projects that fail to enroll subjects. A delineation of the issues surrounding NACR is expected to enhance subject accrual and to minimize occurrence of NACR. The authors assessed demographics, characteristics, and reasons for NACR at an academic medical center, including time trends, funding source, research team (principal investigator, department), IRB resource utilization (IRB level of review, number of required IRB reviews, initial IRB turn-around time, and duration of NACR). Methods The authors analyzed data from 848 clinical research study closures during 2010 and 2011 to determine proportion, incidence, and characteristics of NACR. Studies with subject enrollment during the same time period were used as a comparative measure. Results Data from 704 (83.0%) study closures reported enrollment of 1 or more subjects while 144 (17.0 %) reported NACR (zero enrollment). PI-reported reasons for NACR included: 32 (22.2%) contract or funding issues; 43 (30.0%) insufficient study-dedicated resources; 41 (28.4%) recruitment issues; 17 (11.8%) sponsor-initiated study closure and 11 (7.6%) were “other/reason unreported”. Conclusions NACR is not uncommon, affecting about one in six clinical research projects in the study population and reported to be more common in some other institutions. The complex and fluid nature of research conduct, non-realistic enrollment goals, and delays in both the approval and/or accrual processes contribute to NACR. Results suggest some simple strategies that investigators and institutions may use to reduce NACR, including careful feasibility assessment, reduction of institutional delays, and prompt initiation of subject accrual for multi-center studies using competitive enrollment. Institutional action to support investigators in the conduct clinical research is also encouraged to reduce likelihood of NACR. PMID:23671544

Tice, Debra G.; Carroll, Kelly A.; Bhatt, Karishma H.; Belknap, Steven M.; Mai, David; Gipson, Heather J.; West, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

192

The Dislocation of Teaching and Research and the Reconfiguring of Academic Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between teaching and research is a touchstone in thinking about higher education. However, the last 40 years has seen the "dislocation" of these core academic activities as a result of policy and operational decisions to distinguish the way they are funded, managed, assessed and rewarded. The activities of "teaching" and…

Locke, William

2012-01-01

193

Study of the Performance and Characteristics of U.S. Academic Research Institution Technology Commercialization (ARITC)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation aims to provide a better understanding of the technology licensing practices of academic research institutions. The study identifies time durations in licensing and incorporates these into a model to evaluate licensing performance. Performance is measured by the efficiency of an institution's technology licensing process and…

Kim, Jisun

2012-01-01

194

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 82: 6169, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 82: 61­69, 2003. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed for metastatic breast cancer Anne-Renee Hartman, Amy Grekowicz, Bert L. Lum, Robert W. Carlson, Christine University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA Key words: metastatic breast cancer, oral chemotherapy

Ford, James

195

The Importance of Distributed Broadband Networks to Academic Biomedical Research and Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article highlights the importance of distributed broadband networks as part of the core infrastructure necessary to deliver academic research and education programs. Method: The authors review recent developments in the field and present the University of California, Davis, environment as a case study of a future virtual regional…

Yellowlees, Peter M.; Hogarth, Michael; Hilty, Donald M.

2006-01-01

196

Summer Effort and Summer Salary for Sponsored Research for Faculty with 9-Month Academic Appointments  

E-print Network

5/1/2013 1 Summer Effort and Summer Salary for Sponsored Research for Faculty with 9-Month Academic of compensated effort during the summer months, and earn up to two months (2/9ths) of additional salary of three full months (3/9ths), supported by sponsored projects by filling out the Commitment of Summer

Finzi, Adrien

197

Prospector 8: Thermophotovoltaics -- An update on DoD, academic, and commercial research. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermophotovoltaics is the technology for photoconverting energy to electricity from an incandescent source which can be heated from any heat source. This technology is unique and has great promise for the development of portable power sources for the Dismounted Soldier. Consequently, a workshop on Thermophotovoltaics -- An Update of DoD, Academic and Commercial Research, was held at the Washington Duke

Rose

1996-01-01

198

Using Blogs and New Media in Academic Practice: Potential Roles in Research, Teaching, Learning, and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiling a referenced article for publication in a peer-reviewed journal is traditionally the most respected means of contributing to a body of knowledge. However, we argue that publication of evidence-based information via new media--especially blogging--can also be a valid form of academic scholarship. Blogs allow for rapid sharing of research

Powell, Douglas A.; Jacob, Casey J.; Chapman, Benjamin J.

2012-01-01

199

A Complex Systems Framework for Research on Leadership and Organizational Dynamics in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a historiographical analysis of major leadership and organizational development theories that have shaped our thinking about how we lead and administrate academic libraries. Drawing from behavioral, cognitive, systems, and complexity theories, this article discusses major theorists and research studies appearing over the past…

Gilstrap, Donald L.

2009-01-01

200

Spanning the HRD Academic-Practitioner Divide: Bridging the Gap through Mode 2 Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to explore dimensions and tensions in the relationship between theory (usually produced by academics) and practice (the domain, normally of practitioners) in human resource development (HRD). Design/methodology/approach: The paper examines, from a conceptual perspective, the nature of mode 2 research, where knowledge is…

Gray, David E.; Iles, Paul; Watson, Sandra

2011-01-01

201

Changing authority relations within French academic research units since the 1960s: from patronage to partnership  

E-print Network

1 Changing authority relations within French academic research units since the 1960s: from patronage to partnership Severine Louvel1 Published in: Louvel, S. (2010). "Changing authority relations. Gläser and L. Engwall (ed) Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

202

Photosynthesis Research 58: 259268, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 58: 259­268, 1998. © 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed photosynthesis from photoinhibition Michael J. Behrenfeld1,, Ondrej Prasil2, Zbigniew S. Kolber1, Marcel Babin3 yield of photosynthesis. However, we found that light-saturated photosynthetic rates (Pmax) in natural

Babin, Marcel

203

Photosynthesis Research 80: 447460, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 447­460, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 447 General appendix A list of photosynthesis conferences and of edited books in photosynthesis: edited books in photosynthesis, Helmut Metzner, photosynthesis conferences, symposia volumes, Jan Barth

Govindjee "Gov"

204

Photosynthesis Research 76: 6572, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 76: 65­72, 2003. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 65 Minireview Period-four oscillations of the flash-induced oxygen formation in photosynthesis. Beginning with the discovery of photosynthesis by Joseph Priestley in the 1770s (Priestley 1772), and up

205

Photosynthesis Research 52: 175185, 1997. c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 52: 175­185, 1997. c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Historical corner Carotenoid-sensitized photosynthesis: Quantum efficiency, fluorescence of photosynthesis in a diatom was almost the same whether incident light was absorbed by chlorophyll

Govindjee "Gov"

206

Photosynthesis Research 59: 249254, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 59: 249­254, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed for the evolution of one molecule of oxygen in photosynthesis: A historical note Govindjee Departments 1999 Key words: history of photosynthesis, maximum quantum yield of photosynthesis, oxygen evolution

Govindjee "Gov"

207

Photosynthesis Research 62: 117119, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 62: 117­119, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the potential of `photosynthesis as a clean energy resource', ever advocating the role of plants (biomass to the photosynthesis community but also to many world- wide networks of specialists on biomass, agriculture, renewable

Govindjee "Gov"

208

Academic Writing in a Second Language: Essays on Research and Pedagogy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on research and teaching of academic writing in English as a second language include:"When Practice Doesn't Make Perfect: The Case of a Graduate ESL Student" (Melanie Schneider, Naomi K. Fujishima); "Good Writing: I Know It When I See It" (Ilona Leki); "Redefining the Task: An Ethnographic Examination of Writing and Response in Graduate…

Belcher, Diane, Ed.; Braine, George, Ed.

209

Academic Procrastination and the Performance of Graduate-Level Cooperative Groups in Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which academic procrastination predicted the performance of cooperative groups in graduate-level research methods courses. A total of 28 groups was examined (n = 83 students), ranging in size from 2 to 5 (M = 2.96, SD = 1.10). Multiple regression analyses revealed that neither within-group mean nor within-group…

Jiao, Qun G.; DaRos-Voseles, Denise A.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

210

Hosted by the Cultures Academic Values and Education research group School of Education TCD  

E-print Network

!! Hosted by the Cultures Academic Values and Education research group School of Education TCD It is fifty years since the Investment in Education study was initiated by the OECD and the Department of Education in 1962. This seminar is intended to mark the extraordinary contribution made by the study

O'Mahony, Donal E.

211

Opening up Academic Biomedical Research - Duration: 1:09:37.  

NASA Video Gallery

Eva Guinan, MD, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Associate Direction, Center for Clinical and Translational Research at Harvard Medical School, was featured during the September 7, 2011 Innovatio...

212

KNOWLEDGE MAPPING WITH COMPENDIUM IN ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND ONLINE EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on mapping information, ideas and arguments in virtual learning environments, as part of ongoing research into how this can contribute to distance education, open content learning communities, and distance research training. We introduce the idea of cartographic representations for learning, before describing the freely available Compendium hypermedia knowledge mapping tool developed at the UK's Open University (OU),

Alexandra Okada; Simon Buckingham Shum

213

Extending VIVO Ontology to Represent Research and Educational Resources in an Academic Biomedical Informatics Department  

PubMed Central

The increasing need for interdisciplinary team sciences makes it vital for academic research departments to publicize their research and educational resources as part of “linked data” on the semantic web to facilitate research networking and recruitment. We extended an open-source ontology, VIVO, to represent the research and educational resources in an academic biomedical informatics department to enable ontology-based information storage and retrieval. Using participatory design methods, we surveyed representative types of visitors to the department web site to understand their information needs, and incorporated these needs into the ontology design. We added 114 classes and 186 properties to VIVO. Generalizability and scalability are the measures used in our theoretical evaluation. PMID:23920980

Nakikj, Drashko; Weng, Chunhua

2014-01-01

214

Undergraduate Research Internships for Enhancing Diversity in Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Research Internships for Enhancing Diversity in Science and Engineering Sponsored, "Undergraduate Research Internships for Enhancing Diversity in Science and Engineering" is part of a campus in undergraduate research at Montana State University Program Description The program is designed to provide highly

Dyer, Bill

215

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership (CDRP): Linking Academic & Community Radiation Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership (CDRP): Linking University & Community Radiation Oncology to Improve Cancer Outcomes Patrick D. Maguire, M.D. New Hanover Radiation Oncology Wilmington, NC CDRP: Partnerships in Radiation Oncology The Problem Clinical

216

Starting and Maintaining and Academic Year Undergraduate Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developing a meaningful research program for undergraduate students can be tricky, and some faculty members may be looking for a resource to help them with such an endeavor. Recently, a joint panel of experts convened by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) met up to discuss how to effectively mentor undergraduate research. The panelists included Sarah Spence Adams, Rebecca Garcia, Rick Gillman, Darren Narayan, and Daniel Schaal, and the summary of their discussion can be found here. They were asked to talk about five different topics, including purposes for doing undergraduate research and the characteristics of good undergraduate research problems. After reading the short summaries of each of the five topics, visitors can view each panelist's original presentation or presentation notes.

Adams, Sarah Spence

2009-01-01

217

Opportunities for academic research in a low-gravity environment  

SciTech Connect

The possibilities offered by the Space Station and other space-infrastructure components for experimental research and measurements in the applied sciences and engineering are considered in reviews presented at the NSF workshop held in Washington, DC, on July 10, 11, 1985. Both the physics of the microgravity environment and the characteristics of space laboratory facilities are addressed. Topics examined are infrastructures for low-gravity research, critical phenomena, gravitation, crystal growth, metals and alloys, containerless processing, combustion, and fluid dynamics.

Hazelrigg, G.A.; Reynolds, J.M.

1986-01-01

218

Experiential Learning and Research Ethics: Enhancing Knowledge through Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can instructors use experiential learning strategies to enhance student understanding of research ethics and responsible research conduct? In this article, the authors review literature on using experiential learning to teach research ethics and responsible research conduct. They present a three-step exercise for teaching research ethics and…

Teixeira-Poit, Stephanie M.; Cameron, Abigail E.; Schulman, Michael D.

2011-01-01

219

Coupling the academic research enterprise to the innovation economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The UCF approach to aiding Florida's innovation economy is discussed. The approach is to focus on key areas of research that overlap our state's economic development plans, work in partnership with existing high tech industry, and develop our regions innovation economy eco-system. One method of focus is to develop multidisciplinary research and education centers that support existing and emerging economic sectors. One example is CREOL, the Center for Research in Optics and Lasers. We incentivize faculty to make their labs and skills available to regional industry through a matching grants program. We work in partnership with regional governments to develop a network of company incubators with high wage and high growth potential.

Soileau, M. J.

2012-10-01

220

Estimating the prevalence of researcher misconduct: a study of UK academics within biological sciences  

PubMed Central

Misconduct in academic research is undoubtedly increasing, but studies estimating the prevalence of such behaviour suffer from biases inherent in researching sensitive topics. We compared the unmatched-count technique (UCT) and the crosswise-model (CM), two methods specifically designed to increase honest reporting to sensitive questions, with direct questioning (DQ) for five types of misconduct in the biological sciences. UCT performed better than CM and either outperformed or produced similar estimates to DQ depending on the question. Estimates of academic misconduct increased with decreasing seriousness of the behaviour, from c. 0% for data fabrication to >68% for inappropriate co-authorship. Results show that research into even minor issues of misconduct, is sensitive, suggesting that future studies should consider using specialised questioning techniques as they are more likely to yield accurate figures. PMID:25250215

St. John, Freya A.V.

2014-01-01

221

Broadening Participation in Geosciences with Academic Year and Summer Research Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medgar Evers College, City University of New York, has initiated a multi-tiered strategy aimed at increasing the number of under-represented minority and female students pursuing careers in the Geosciences, especially Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and related areas. The strategy incorporates research on the persistence of minority and female under-represented students in STEM disciplines. The initiatives include NASA and NSF-funded team-based undergraduate research activities during the summer and academic year as well as academic support (clustering, PTLT workshops for gatekeeper courses), curriculum integration modules, and independent study/special topics courses. In addition, high school students are integrated into summer research activities working with undergraduate and graduate students as well as faculty and other scientist mentors. An important initial component was the building of an infrastructure to support remote sensing, supported by NASA. A range of academic year and summer research experiences are provided to capture student interest in the geosciences. NYC-based research activities include urban impacts of global climate change, the urban heat island, ocean turbulence and general circulation models, and space weather: magnetic rope structure, solar flares and CMEs. Field-based investigations include atmospheric observations using BalloonSat sounding vehicles, observations of tropospheric ozone using ozonesondes, and investigations of the ionosphere using a CubeSat. This presentation provides a description of the programs, student impact, challenges and observations.

Austin, S. A.; Howard, A.; Johnson, L. P.; Gutierrez, R.; Chow, Y.

2013-12-01

222

Community-academic partnerships in HIV-related research: a systematic literature review of theory and practice  

PubMed Central

Introduction Community involvement in HIV research has increased over recent years, enhancing community-academic partnerships. Several terms have been used to describe community participation in research. Clarification is needed to determine whether these terms are synonymous or actually describe different research processes. In addition, it remains unclear if the role that communities play in the actual research process follows the recommendations given in theoretical frameworks of community-academia research. Objectives The objective of this study is to review the existing terms and definitions regarding community-academic partnerships and assess how studies are implementing these in relation to conceptual definitions. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted in PubMed. Two reviewers independently assessed each article, applying the following inclusion criteria: the article must be published in English before 2013; it must provide an explicit definition and/or defining methodology for a term describing research with a community component; and it has to refer to HIV or AIDS, reproductive health and/or STDs. When disagreements about the relevance of an article emerged, a third reviewer was involved until concordance was reached. Data were extracted by one reviewer and independently verified by a second. Qualitative data were analyzed using MaxQDA for content and thematic analyses while quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Community feedback on data analysis and presentation of results was also incorporated. Results In total, 246 articles were retrieved, 159 of which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The number of studies that included community participation in the field of HIV research increased between 1991 and 2012, and the terms used to describe these activities have changed, moving away from action research (AR) to participatory action research (PAR), community-based research (CBR) and community-based participatory research (CBPR), with the latter being the most commonly used term. While definitions of all terms had common characteristics (e.g. participation of community in research process), they varied with regard to the emphasis placed on these characteristics. The nature of community participation in reviewed studies differed considerably from that described in theoretical models. Conclusions This study indicates the increase of participatory approaches in HIV research and underlines the need for clarification of terms and a framework providing orientation to community-academia partnerships. PMID:25630823

Brizay, Ulrike; Golob, Lina; Globerman, Jason; Gogolishvili, David; Bird, Mara; Rios-Ellis, Britt; Rourke, Sean B; Heidari, Shirin

2015-01-01

223

Natives and Academics: Researching and Writing about American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology provides Native perspectives on the ethics of researching, writing about, and teaching about American Indians, and may be used as a text for discussion in American Indian Studies classes. Leading Native scholars discuss the representativeness of Native informants, the merits of various data collection methods, the role and veracity…

Mihesuah, Devon A., Ed.

224

Teaching Online--A Research-Based Guide for Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essential lessons from the research literature on successful e-learning are brought together to show how to structure online learning. The results are presented within the framework provided by the seven maxims for effective teaching formulated by McMahon (2006).

McMahon, Tim; Thakore, Hemal

2008-01-01

225

Sustainability Accounting Courses, Talloires Declaration and Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to identify the offering and nature (scope) of sustainability accounting courses at universities that have signed the Talloires Declaration and also at universities with prominent sustainability accounting researchers' affiliations. For this purpose a university web sites content analysis for sustainability…

Khan, Tehmina

2013-01-01

226

Enhancing Faculty Involvement in Institutional Research. A Collaborative Action Research Strategy. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the void in the literature on the methodology of institutional research and examines the complex process of interaction that occurs when an institution engages a faculty member or academic unit to assume primary responsibility for conducting a research project on behalf of the institution. A case study of a study conducted by…

Peterson, Marvin W.

227

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Community Outreach, Academic and Research Collaboration, and Education and Support Services (IT-CARES)  

PubMed Central

Introduction The purpose of this study is to examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing community outreach, academic and research collaboration, and education and support services (IT-CARES) in an academic setting. Methods A survey was deployed to assess the ICT needs in an academic setting. The survey was developed using the Delphi methodology. Questionnaire development was initiated by asking key stakeholders involved in community outreach, academic, research, education, and support to provide feedback on current ICT issues and future recommendations for relevant ICT tools that would be beneficial to them in their job, and to capture current ICT issues. Participants were asked to rate the level of importance of each ICT question on five-point Likert scales. Results The survey was sent to 359 participants, including faculty, staff, and students. The total number of respondents was 96, for a 27 percent response rate. The majority of the participants (54.1 percent, n = 46) placed a high importance on learning the available research capabilities of the college. The majority of the participants placed moderate (43.5 percent, n = 37) to high importance (40 percent, n = 34) on having an intranet that could support collaborative grant writing. A majority of the participants attributed high importance to learning to interact with the online learning management system Blackboard. A majority of the participants agreed that social media should being more actively utilized for diverse activities for academic and research purposes. Conclusion The study helped to identify the current needs and challenges faced by professionals and students when interacting with ICT. More research is needed in order to effectively integrate the use of ICT in the field of higher education, especially related to the modern global public health context. PMID:24159275

Joshi, Ashish; Meza, Jane; Costa, Sergio; Puricelli Perin, Douglas Marcel; Trout, Kate; Rayamajih, Atul

2013-01-01

228

Use of e-books in an academic and research environment : A case study from the Indian Institute of Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the use and usability of e-books from the perspectives of users in an academic and research environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study involved an e-mail questionnaire to survey researchers in the academic and research environment of the Indian Institute of Science regarding their use of e-books. Findings – The responses indicated

K. T. Anuradha; H. S. Usha

2006-01-01

229

Big Questions, Small Works, Lots of Layers: Documentary Video Production and the Teaching of Academic Research and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documentary movie making is not academic writing. Nor is it traditional academic research. However, I have found it to be a remarkable vehicle for teaching both of these things...each semester I am amazed and humbled by the creativity and sincerity that my students bring to their work.

Halbritter, Bump; Blon, Noah; Creighton, Caron

2011-01-01

230

Connections, Productivity and Funding: An Examination of Factors Influencing Scientists' Perspectives on the Market Orientation of Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines scientists' perceptions of the environment in which they do their work. Specifically, this study examines how academic and professional factors such as research productivity, funding levels for science, connections to industry, type of academic appointment, and funding sources influence scientists' perceptions of the…

Ronning, Emily Anne

2012-01-01

231

"Blogfolios" and Their Role in the Development of Research Projects in an Advanced Academic Literacy Class for ESL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on "blogfolios", online interactive blog-based portfolios, developed by students for class projects in Electronic Literacy. Blogfolios may contain interactive images, podcasts, and web-log discussions on a variety of researched academic topics. The impact of academic blogfolios on the second language learner's…

Ananyeva, Maria

2014-01-01

232

Comparative study of an externship program versus a corporate-academic cooperation program for enhancing nursing competence of graduating students  

PubMed Central

Background New graduates report intense stress during the transition from school to their first work settings. Managing this transition is important to reduce turnover rates. This study compared the effects of an externship program and a corporate-academic cooperation program on enhancing junior college students’ nursing competence and retention rates in the first 3 months and 1 year of initial employment. Methods This two-phase study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design. All participants were graduating students drawn from a 5-year junior nursing college in Taiwan. There were 19 and 24 students who participated in the phase I externship program and phase II corporate-academic cooperation program, respectively. The nursing competence of the students had to be evaluated by mentors within 48 hours of practicum training and after practicum training. The retention rate was also surveyed at 3 months and 1 year after beginning employment. Results Students who participated in the corporate-academic cooperation program achieved a statistically significant improvement in nursing competence and retention rates relative to those who participated in the externship program (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Conclusions The corporate-academic cooperation program facilitates the transition of junior college nursing students into independent staff nurses, enhances their nursing competence, and boosts retention rates. PMID:23945287

2013-01-01

233

Aligning Research and Policy on Social-Emotional and Academic Competence for Young Children  

PubMed Central

Research Findings The purpose of this article is to describe current education policies as they relate to the promotion of social, emotional, and academic (SEA) development and competence for young children. Academic and social–emotional competencies are described and conceptualized as developmentally linked, reciprocal processes that should be supported by education in an integrated, holistic manner. Practice or Policy The article reviews major public policies and national initiatives that have implications for the education of young children (e.g., Head Start, No Child Left Behind, IDEA) and highlights opportunities within these policies to promote programs that can support SEA competencies, as well as the limitations of these policies. The article also includes a review of the limitations of existing resources available to educators to identify evidence-based programs that support SEA competencies and concludes with recommendations for better alignment between research and policy to support SEA competencies.

Nadeem, Erum; Maslak, Kristi; Chacko, Anil; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton

2014-01-01

234

"ELAM is the most comprehensive, career enhancing, executive program for women in academic medicine, dentistry, and public health in the nation.  

E-print Network

"ELAM is the most comprehensive, career enhancing, executive program for women in academic medicine IN ACADEMIC MEDICINE® Program for Women ELAM® is a core program of the Drexel University College of Medicine of the prestigious Association of American Medical Colleges Women in Medicine Leadership Development Award for 2010

Grant, Gregory

235

Provost Team Strategies for Achieving Academic Plan Priorities, 2013-2014 Focus on Enhancing the Student Experience and the Faculty Experience  

E-print Network

Provost Team Strategies for Achieving Academic Plan Priorities, 2013-2014 Focus on Enhancing technologies necessary to academic success and to future employability Copyright Management and Support and artistic achievement · Provide a combination of intellectually and culturally stimulating services Access

Habib, Ayman

236

Supporting Academic Improvement among Eighth Graders at Risk for Retention: An Action Research Intervention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recent changes in the field of school counseling have called for professional school counselors to provide evidence of the effect their work has on the academic success of their students. This article presents the findings of a multi-faceted action research intervention designed to help students at risk for retention. Findings indicate that students participating in the intervention did improve their grades. Implications for school counselors wanting to lead such programs are discussed.

E. C. M. Mason

2009-01-01

237

Optimizing Multibeam Data Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multibeam sonars are fundamental mapping tools for a wide range of oceanographic studies throughout the global oceans. Initially installed on only a few academic research vessels, they have become standard sensors across global- and ocean-class ships in the U.S. academic research fleet. While ongoing efforts including the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R, http://rvdata.us) and the Global Multi-Resolution Topography Synthesis (GMRT, http://www.marine-geo.org/portals/gmrt) are focused on data documentation, preservation, synthesis and dissemination, the Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC, http://mac.unols.org) was recently established with the primary goal of optimizing multibeam data quality during acquisition. Our strategy is to engage operators, technical specialists and users to develop common protocols, guidelines and tools for use across the fleet. Technical teams are focused on specific aspects of multibeam sonar operation and maintenance, including Sea Acceptance, Acoustic Noise, and Quality Assurance. Key to our effort is working with the community of stakeholders to ensure that protocols and tools suit the needs of the community and can be easily implemented across the fleet. Although MAC efforts are initially focused on deep water systems in the US Academic Research Fleet, we recognize that our community of stakeholders is much broader and also includes operators and users of shallow water. All MAC-generated reports, guidelines and software tools, as well as links to related online resources are being made publicly available through the MAC website (http://mac.unols.org).

Ferrini, V.; Beaudoin, J.; Johnson, P. D.

2012-12-01

238

Student-Generated Solutions To Enhance the Academic Success of African American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated African American elementary and high school students' perceptions of academic problems and solutions to these problems. Found that students considered the following factors beneficial: academic preparation and active class participation; positive peer influences; self- management techniques; and teachers' encouragement. (JPB)

Tucker, Carolyn M.; Herman, Keith C.; Pedersen, Tyler; Vogel, David; Reinke, Wendy M.

2000-01-01

239

Association of Academic Physiatrists  

MedlinePLUS

... AAP Research Awards Resources Residents/Fellows/Med Students Leadership & Academic Development Program for Academic Leadership (PAL) Volunteer Opportunities Mentorship Programs Publications & News Latest ...

240

The college journey and academic engagement: how metaphor use enhances identity-based motivation.  

PubMed

People commonly talk about goals metaphorically as destinations on physical paths extending into the future or as contained in future periods. Does metaphor use have consequences for people's motivation to engage in goal-directed action? Three experiments examine the effect of metaphor use on students' engagement with their academic possible identity: their image of themselves as academically successful graduates. Students primed to frame their academic possible identity using the goal-as-journey metaphor reported stronger academic intention, and displayed increased effort on academic tasks, compared to students primed with a nonacademic possible identity, a different metaphoric framing (goal-as-contained-entity), and past academic achievements (Studies 1-2). This motivating effect persisted up to a week later as reflected in final exam performance (Study 3). Four experiments examine the cognitive processes underlying this effect. Conceptual metaphor theory posits that an accessible metaphor transfers knowledge between dissimilar concepts. As predicted in this paradigm, a journey-metaphoric framing of a possible academic identity transferred confidence in the procedure, or action sequence, required to attain that possible identity, which in turn led participants to perceive that possible identity as more connected to their current identity (Study 4). Drawing on identity-based motivation theory, we hypothesized that strengthened current/possible identity connection would mediate the journey framing's motivating effect. This mediational process predicted students' academic engagement (Study 5) and an online sample's engagement with possible identities in other domains (Study 6). Also as predicted, journey framing increased academic engagement particularly among students reporting a weak connection to their academic possible identity (Study 7). PMID:24749818

Landau, Mark J; Oyserman, Daphna; Keefer, Lucas A; Smith, George C

2014-05-01

241

How Much Academic Instruction Occurs outside Research Universities in BC? Research Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When British Columbia began establishing community colleges in the mid 1960s, the explicit decision to provide extensive university transfer opportunities for college students had the added benefit of making a wide array of academic courses available to students who were not university-bound. Some of these students had been in applied programs in…

Cowin, Bob

2009-01-01

242

The UMCP Academic Experience. Maryland Longitudinal Study Research Highlights. Research Report #10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maryland Longitudinal Study (MLS) participants are categorized into one of two categories (preferred or regular admits) based on their academic experiences while at the University of Maryland College Park (UMCP). Preferred admits are students who earned both a high school grade point average (GPA) of "B" or higher and a combined Scholastic…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Div. of Student Affairs.

243

Design-based research and technology-enhanced learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade, design-based research has demonstrated its potential as a methodology suitable to both research and\\u000a design of technology-enhanced learning environments (TELEs). In this paper, we define and identify characteristics of design-based\\u000a research, describe the importance of design-based research for the development of TELEs, propose principles for implementing\\u000a design-based research with TELEs, and discuss future challenges of using

Feng Wang; Michael J. Hannafin

2005-01-01

244

E-Portfolio for Enhancing Graduate Research Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: E-Portfolio is a powerful tool for demonstrating evidence of learning and achievements in graduate research. The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept, structure and functions of e-Portfolio in graduate research and discuss the significance of the role of e-Portfolio in enhancing the quality of graduate research students and…

Le, Quynh

2012-01-01

245

A CIRCULATION ANALYSIS OF PRINT BOOKS AND E-BOOKS IN AN ACADEMIC RESEARCH LIBRARY  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) has published this paper on e-book circulation. The study by Lynn Silipigni Connaway and Justin Littman is called "A Circulation Analysis Of Print Books And e-Books In An Academic Research Library." The study compared the usage of books available in both print and e-book format at the Duke University Libraries. They found that e-books received 11 percent more usage than the books in print, but also observed incongruity between print circulations and e-book access. Although they note that the findings cannot be generalized, they do offer some implications from the study for e-book development and the study of e-book usage in academic libraries.

246

Long-Range Strategic Planning for Libraries & Information Resources in the Research University. The Final Report on a Research Program on the Future of the Academic Research Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report on a project at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) on strategic planning for libraries and information resources in the research university begins with an introductory section on levels of consideration in planning; issues of current concern (effects of technology, economics of libraries, changes in the academic

California Univ., Los Angeles. Graduate School of Library and Information Science.

247

The International Center for Materials Research (ICMR) at UC Santa Barbara announces its International Research Fellowship competition for the 2010 academic  

E-print Network

The International Center for Materials Research (ICMR) at UC Santa Barbara announces its International Research Fellowship competition for the 2010 academic year. ICMR International Research Fellowships support research visits to nonUS laboratories for graduate students, postdocs and junior faculty

Rubloff, Gary W.

248

Research, policy and funding - academic treadmills and the squeeze on intellectual spaces.  

PubMed

In recent years, there has been a great deal of collective rumination about social scientists' role in society. In the post-1997 UK context, public policy commitments to 'evidence-based policy' and 'knowledge transfer' have further stimulated such reflections. More recently, Michael Burawoy's 2004 address to the American Sociological Association, which called for greater engagement with 'public sociology' has reverberated throughout the discipline, motivating a series of debates about the purpose of sociological research. To date, most such contributions have been based on personal experience and anecdotal evidence. In contrast, this paper responds directly to Burawoy's suggestion that we should 'apply sociology to ourselves,' in order that we 'become more conscious of the global forces' driving our research (Burawoy 2005: 285). Drawing on an empirical research project designed to explore of the relationship between health inequalities research and policy in Scotland and England, in the period from 1997 until 2007, this paper discusses data from interviews with academic researchers. The findings suggest that the growing pressure to produce 'policy relevant' research is diminishing the capacity of academia to provide a space in which innovative and transformative ideas can be developed, and is instead promoting the construction of institutionalized and vehicular (chameleon-like) ideas. Such a claim supports Edward Said's (1994) insistence that creative, intellectual spaces within the social sciences are increasingly being squeezed. More specifically, the paper argues we ought to pay far greater attention to how the process of seeking research funding shapes academic research and mediates the interplay between research and policy. PMID:20377602

Smith, Katherine

2010-03-01

249

Does decreased research funding from the National Institutes of Health to local academic hospitals cause an increase in industry sponsored research funding?  

E-print Network

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been the stalwart of research funding at universities and academic teaching hospitals. However, since the start of the last decade NIH funding has contracted in real terms. ...

Truesdell, John A., Jr. (John Alan)

2011-01-01

250

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research. Effects of US Maize Ethanol on Global Land Use

Kammen, Daniel M.

251

NASA Research Announcement for Space Suit Survivability Enhancement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the research activities for space suit survivability material enhancements. Self-sealing mechanisms for the pressure envelope were addressed, as were improvements in materials for cut, puncture, and hypervelocity impact resistance.

Fredrickson, Thad H.; Ware, Joanne S.; Lin, John K.; Pastore, Christopher M.

1998-01-01

252

RESEARCH PAPER Enhanced-throughput production of polymersomes  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Enhanced-throughput production of polymersomes using a parallelized capillary device. Double-emulsion drops are transformed to polymersomes through a dewetting of the amphiphile of the oil drop. Therefore, we can make polymersomes with a production rate enhanced by a factor given

253

CUSP Summer Enhancement Fellowship Independent Research Summer 2011 1 | P a g e CUSP SUMMER ENHANCEMENT FELLOWSHIP  

E-print Network

CUSP Summer Enhancement Fellowship ­ Independent Research Summer 2011 1 | P a g e CUSP SUMMER ENHANCEMENT FELLOWSHIP INDEPENDENT RESEARCH SUMMER 2011 APPLICATION The CUSP Summer Enhancement Fellowship issues through a well-defined and formally presented research project, the CUSP Summer Enhancement

Hone, James

254

Enhancing Informed Consent for Research and Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased scrutiny of informed consent calls for further research into decision making by patients who may be at risk for impairments. We review interventions designed to improve patient understanding of informed consent. A number of studies, within as well as outside psychiatry, have evaluated the effectiveness of specific interventions, as well as possible “predictors” of understanding of consent, such as

Laura B Dunn; Dilip V Jeste

2001-01-01

255

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

256

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program, Status Report: Foreign Research on Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) research outside the United States. The term ''enhanced geothermal systems'' refers to the use of advanced technology to extract heat energy from underground in areas with higher than average heat flow but where the natural permeability or fluid content is limited. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from low permeability hydrothermal to hot dry rock.

McLarty, Lynn; Entingh, Daniel

2000-09-29

257

Going MAD: Development of a “Matrix Academic Division” to Facilitate Translating Research to Personalized Medicine  

PubMed Central

Personalized medicine integrates an individual’s genetic and other information for the prevention or treatment of complex disorders, and translational research seeks to identify those data most important to disease processes based on observations at the bench and the bedside. To understand complex disorders such as chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, liver cirrhosis and other idiopathic chronic inflammatory diseases, physician-scientists must systematically collect data on relevant risks, clinical status, biomarkers, and outcomes. The author describes a “matrix academic division” (MAD), a highly effective academic program created at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center using translational research to rapidly develop personalized medicine for digestive diseases. MAD is designed to capture patient-specific data and biologic samples for analysis of steps in a complex process (reverse engineering), reconstructing the system conceptually and mathematically (disease modeling), and deciphering disease mechanism in individual patients to predict the effects of interventions (personalized medicine). MAD draws on the expertise of the medical school’s and medical center’s physician-scientists to translate essential disease information between the bed and the bench and to communicate with researchers from multiple domains, including epidemiology, genetics, cell biology, immunology, regenerative medicine, neuroscience, and oncology. The author illustrates this approach by describing its successful application to the reverse engineering of chronic pancreatitis. PMID:21952059

Whitcomb, David C.

2011-01-01

258

Enhancing Transdisciplinary Research Through Collaborative Leadership  

PubMed Central

Transcending the well-established and familiar boundaries of disciplinary silos poses challenges for even the most interpersonally competent scientists. This paper explores the challenges inherent in leading transdisciplinary projects, detailing the critical roles that leaders play in shepherding transdisciplinary scientific endeavors. Three types of leadership tasks are considered: cognitive, structural, and processual. Distinctions are made between leading small, co-located projects and large, dispersed ones. Finally, social-network analysis is proposed as a useful tool for conducting research on leadership, and, in particular, on the role of brokers, on complex transdisciplinary teams. PMID:18619392

Gray, Barbara

2008-01-01

259

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (2) development of simulators for MEOR; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially cultures and oil reservoirs,; (4) design of operation strategies for the sequential injection of microorganisms and nutrient in reservoirs. Accomplishments are: (1) ultra low interfacial tensions (0.003 mN/M) were obtained between decane and 5% NaCl brine using biosurfactants obtained from Bacillus Licheniformis, JF-2 which is the lowest IFT ever reported for biosurfactants; (2) a method to was developed isolate the biosurfactant from the growth medium; (3) the structure of the isolated biosurfactant has been determined; (4) several techniques have been proposed to increase the yield of the surfactant; and (5) an MEOR simulator has been completed.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States))

1991-01-01

260

Negotiation in Academic Medicine: Narratives of Faculty Researchers and Their Mentors  

PubMed Central

Purpose Few researchers have explored the negotiation experiences of academic medical faculty even though negotiation is crucial to their career success. The authors sought to understand medical faculty researchers' experiences with and perceptions of negotiation. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described the importance of negotiation in academic medical careers but also expressed feeling naďve and unprepared for these negotiations, particularly as junior faculty. Award recipients focused on power, leverage, and strategy, and they expressed a need for training and mentorship to learn successful negotiation skills. Mentors, by contrast, emphasized the importance of flexibility and shared interests in creating win-win situations for both the individual faculty member and the institution. When faculty construed negotiation as adversarial and/or zero-sum, participants believed it required traditionally masculine traits and perceived women to be at a disadvantage. Conclusions Academic medical faculty often lack the skills and knowledge necessary for successful negotiation, especially early in their careers. Many view negotiation as an adversarial process of the sort that experts call “hard positional bargaining.” Increasing awareness of alternative negotiation techniques (e.g., “principled negotiation,” in which shared interests, mutually satisfying options, and fair standards are emphasized), may encourage the success of medical faculty, particularly women. PMID:23425992

Sambuco, Dana; Dabrowska, Agata; DeCastro, Rochelle; Stewart, Abigail; Ubel, Peter A.; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

261

Promoting Academic Physicists, Their Students, and Their Research through Library Partnerships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At many institutions, attracting and mentoring quality students is of key importance. Through their developing careers, typically under the tutelage of one primary faculty member, students build portfolios, prepare for graduate school, and apply to post-doc programs or faculty positions. Often though, the corpus of that primary faculty member's work is not available in a single location. This is a disadvantage both for current students, who wish to highlight the importance of their work within the context of a research group and for the department, which can miss opportunities to attract high-quality future students. Utah State University Libraries hosts a thriving institutional repository, DigitalCommons@USU, which provides open access to scholarly works, research, reports, publications, and journals produced by Utah State University faculty, staff, and students. The Library and the Physics Department developed a partnership to transcend traditional library repository architecture and emphasize faculty research groups within the department. Previously, only student theses and dissertations were collected, and they were not associated with the department in any way. Now student presentations, papers, and posters appear with other faculty works all in the same research work space. This poster session highlights the features of the University's repository and describes what is required to establish a similar structure at other academic institutions. We anticipate several long-term benefits of this new structure. Students are pleased with the increased visibility of their research and with having an online presence through their "Selected Works" personal author site. Faculty are pleased with the opportunity to highlight their research and the potential to attract new students to their research groups. This new repository model also allows the library to amplify the existing scientific outreach initiatives of the physics department. One example of this is a recent exhibit created in the Library showcasing a student research group's 30-year history of sending payloads into space. The exhibit was a direct result of archiving the work of student researchers in the institutional repository. From the perspective of the Library, the benefits are also impressive. The Library is able to build its institutional repository, develop strong relations with faculty in the Physics Department, and have access to unpublished reports that otherwise might be lost. Establishing research groups' presence in DigitalCommons@USU provided an opportunity to meet with the Physics graduate students to discuss setting up online web portfolios, archiving their publications, and understanding publisher contracts. Developing partnerships between academic units and libraries is one more method to reach out to potential students, promote research, and showcase the talents of faculty and students. Using the Library's institutional repository to do this is beneficial for everyone.

Rozum, B.; Wesolek, A.

2012-12-01

262

Subject Indexes vs. Original Documents as Research Sources: A Comparative Account of Text Construction and Use for Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adaptation of Heilprin's model of the path of propagation of human messages is used to explore the truism that more experienced academic researchers tend to go directly to the published literature, while less experienced researchers may rely more on such secondary sources as indexes and other library reference and bibliographic services. The…

Eichman, Thomas Lee

263

The C-MORE Scholars Program: Motivations for an Academic-Year Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs have been shown to be effective mechanisms to recruit undergraduate students into the sciences and also to retain them, especially as related to underrepresented students. Academic-year REU programs have numerous benefits, including participation in longer-term research projects that allow…

Gibson, Barbara A.; Bruno, Barbara C.

2012-01-01

264

Academic Entrepreneurship in France: The Promotion of Economic Returns of Public Research and Its Political and Scientific Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasising the level of the observation of university configurations and the example of academic entrepreneurship, the author analyses the drivers of economic returns of public research in France. Based on the study of national public policy in this field since 1999 and a general survey of the paths of researchers-entrepreneurs, the article…

Manifet, Christelle

2008-01-01

265

Enhancing Mentoring and Networking of Junior Academic Women: What, Why, and How?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses advantages and disadvantages of various types of career-supportive relationships that make up academic women's webs of intellectual, social, personal, and political ties, including formal mentoring, networking, and peer-support programs. Several strategies rooted in each of these models are presented, based on a review of current…

Quinlan, Kathleen M.

1999-01-01

266

Enhancing Academic Engagement: Providing Opportunities for Responding and Influencing Students to Choose to Respond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although educators often provide opportunities for students to engage in active academic responding, in many situations, students either cannot or will not respond. In the current article, we analyze the reasons students fail to respond. Practical procedures educators can use to prevent "can't do" problems are provided. "Won't do" problems are…

Skinner, Christopher H.; Pappas, Danielle N.; Davis, Kai A.

2005-01-01

267

VAO Tools Enhance CANDELS Research Productivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation of galaxies and their co-evolution with black holes through cosmic time are prominent areas in current extragalactic astronomy. New methods in science research are building upon collaborations between scientists and archive data centers which span large volumes of multi-wavelength and heterogeneous data. A successful example of this form of teamwork is demonstrated by the CANDELS (Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey) and the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO) collaboration. The CANDELS project archive data provider services are registered and discoverable in the VAO through an innovative web based Data Discovery Tool, providing a drill down capability and cross-referencing with other co-spatially located astronomical catalogs, images and spectra. The CANDELS team is working together with the VAO to define new methods for analyzing Spectral Energy Distributions of galaxies containing active galactic nuclei, and helping to evolve advanced catalog matching methods for exploring images of variable depths, wavelengths and resolution. Through the publication of VOEvents, the CANDELS project is publishing data streams for newly discovered supernovae that are bright enough to be followed from the ground.

Greene, Gretchen; Donley, J.; Rodney, S.; LAZIO, J.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Busko, I.; Hanisch, R. J.; VAO Team; CANDELS Team

2013-01-01

268

De-Academizing Early Childhood Research: Wanderings of a Chicana/Latina Feminist Researcher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I frame critical questions about discourse and power when centering marginalized populations in research. This critical Chicana feminist analysis of early childhood research illuminates (a) the bifurcation of the academy and the "comunidad," (b) voice as "ilusion," (c) research as colonization, and (d) the United States' cultural…

Saavedra, Cinthya M.

2011-01-01

269

Mentor Networks in Academic Medicine: Moving Beyond a Dyadic Conception of Mentoring for Junior Faculty Researchers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Career development award programs often require formal establishment of mentoring relationships. The authors sought to gain a nuanced understanding of mentoring from the perspective of a diverse national sample of faculty clinician-researchers who were all members of formal mentoring relationships. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Three relevant themes emerged: (1) the numerous roles and behaviors associated with mentoring in academic medicine, (2) the improbability of finding a single person who can fulfill the diverse mentoring needs of another individual, and (3) the importance and composition of mentor networks. Many respondents described the need to cultivate more than one mentor. Several participants discussed the utilization of peer mentors, citing benefits such as pooled resources and mutual learning. Female participants generally acknowledged the importance of having at least one female mentor. Some observed that their portfolio of mentors needed to evolve in order to remain effective. Conclusions Those who seek to promote the careers of faculty in academic medicine should focus upon developing mentoring networks, rather than hierarchical mentoring dyads. The members of each faculty member's mentoring team or network should reflect the protégé's individual needs and preferences, with special attention towards ensuring diversity in terms of area of expertise, academic rank, and gender. PMID:23425990

DeCastro, Rochelle; Sambuco, Dana; Ubel, Peter A.; Stewart, Abigail; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

270

Successfully accelerating translational research at an academic medical center: The University of Michigan-Coulter Translational Research Partnership Program.  

PubMed Central

Translational research encompasses the effective movement of new knowledge and discoveries into new approaches for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. There are many roadblocks to successful bench to bedside research, but few have received as much recent attention as the “valley of death”. The valley of death refers to the lack of funding and support for research that moves basic science discoveries into diagnostics, devices, and treatments in humans, and is ascribed to be the result of companies unwilling to fund research development that may not result in a drug or device that will be utilized in the clinic and conversely, the fact that researchers have no access to the funding needed to carry out preclinical and early clinical development to demonstrate potential efficacy in humans. The valley of death also exists because bridging the translational gap is dependent on successfully managing an additional four risks: Scientific, Intellectual Property, Market, and Regulatory. The University of Michigan (UM) has partnered with the Wallace H. Coulter Foundation (CF) to create a model providing an infrastructure to overcome these risks. This model is easily adoptable to other academic medical centers. PMID:21167009

Pienta, Kenneth J.

2010-01-01

271

Student/Faculty Contract for Biology 4955 (Individual Research) If you are an undergraduate wishing to receive academic credit for individual research, you must complete 4  

E-print Network

Student/Faculty Contract for Biology 4955 (Individual Research) If you are an undergraduate wishing and complete the contract below. The academic requirements include submission of an acceptable written report on your research. The student should distribute copies of the contract to the faculty and to the faculty

Tipple, Brett

272

The Transformation of Academic Work: Facts and Analysis. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.4.07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the main changes that have effected a transformation in the nature of academic work: on the one hand, the increasing diversification and specialisation of academic tasks, and on the other, new forms of control over academic work. An analysis of these trends leads to a discussion of the relationships between the evolution of…

Musselin, Christine

2007-01-01

273

Financial Analysis for Academic Units. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 7, 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state-of-the-art of financial analysis for academic units within institutions of higher education is evaluated with attention directed to: how the cost of an academic unit is determined, how revenue is identified with academic units, how costs are analyzed, how revenues and expenditures are projected, and how the financial efficiency of an…

Walters, Donald L.

274

Critical Masses for Academic Research Groups and Consequences for Higher Education Research Policy and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smaller universities may produce research which is on a par with larger, elite establishments. This is confirmed by a recently developed mathematical model, supported by data from British and French higher education research-evaluation exercises. The detailed nature of the UK system, in particular, allows quantification of the notion of critical…

Kenna, Ralph; Berche, Bertrand

2012-01-01

275

Assessing research impact in academic clinical medicine: a study using Research Excellence Framework pilot impact indicators  

PubMed Central

Background Funders of medical research the world over are increasingly seeking, in research assessment, to complement traditional output measures of scientific publications with more outcome-based indicators of societal and economic impact. In the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) developed proposals for the Research Excellence Framework (REF) to allocate public research funding to higher education institutions, inter alia, on the basis of the social and economic impact of their research. In 2010, it conducted a pilot exercise to test these proposals and refine impact indicators and criteria. Methods The impact indicators proposed in the 2010 REF impact pilot exercise are critically reviewed and appraised using insights from the relevant literature and empirical data collected for the University of Oxford’s REF pilot submission in clinical medicine. The empirical data were gathered from existing administrative sources and an online administrative survey carried out by the university’s Medical Sciences Division among 289 clinical medicine faculty members (48.1% response rate). Results The feasibility and scope of measuring research impact in clinical medicine in a given university are assessed. Twenty impact indicators from seven categories proposed by HEFCE are presented; their strengths and limitations are discussed using insights from the relevant biomedical and research policy literature. Conclusions While the 2010 pilot exercise has confirmed that the majority of the proposed indicators have some validity, there are significant challenges in operationalising and measuring these indicators reliably, as well as in comparing evidence of research impact across different cases in a standardised manner. It is suggested that the public funding agencies, medical research charities, universities, and the wider medical research community work together to develop more robust methodologies for capturing and describing impact, including more valid and reliable impact indicators. PMID:23259467

2012-01-01

276

What Is Academic Vocabulary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors address the construct of "academic vocabulary." First, they attempt to bring some clarity to a constellation of terms surrounding academic vocabulary. Second, they compare and contrast definitions of academic vocabulary. Third, they review typologies that researchers and writers have proposed to organize academic

Baumann, James F.; Graves, Michael F.

2010-01-01

277

Visual Methodology in Classroom Inquiry: Enhancing Complementary Qualitative Research Designs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the argument that combining visual methods with other qualitative research methods enhances the inherent strengths of each methodology and allows new understandings to emerge. These would otherwise remain hidden if only one method were used in isolation. In a qualitative inquiry of an elementary teacher's constructivist…

Kingsley, Joanne

2009-01-01

278

Personal Photo Enhancement Using Example Images Microsoft Research  

E-print Network

12 Personal Photo Enhancement Using Example Images NEEL JOSHI Microsoft Research WOJCIECH MATUSIK describe a framework for improving the quality of personal photos by using a person's favorite photographs "good" and "bad" photos such that properties of the good examples can be used to correct a bad photo

Jaffe, Jules

279

Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needs and Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and biomass burning are the dominant contributors to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) concentrations and global warming. Many approaches to mitigating CO{sub 2} emissions are being pursued, and among the most promising are terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. Recent advances in ecology and microbial biology offer promising new possibilities for enhancing terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. A workshop was held October 29, 2007, at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) on Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration (BECS). The workshop participants (approximately 30 scientists from California, Illinois, Oregon, Montana, and New Mexico) developed a prioritized list of research needed to make progress in the development of biological enhancements to improve terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. The workshop participants also identified a number of areas of supporting science that are critical to making progress in the fundamental research areas. The purpose of this position paper is to summarize and elaborate upon the findings of the workshop. The paper considers terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration separately. First, we present a summary in outline form of the research roadmaps for terrestrial and geologic BECS. This outline is elaborated upon in the narrative sections that follow. The narrative sections start with the focused research priorities in each area followed by critical supporting science for biological enhancements as prioritized during the workshop. Finally, Table 1 summarizes the potential significance or 'materiality' of advances in these areas for reducing net greenhouse gas emissions.

Oldenburg, Curtis; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Torn, Margaret S.

2008-03-21

280

Critical Issue Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet: Student and Academic Affairs--Collaborations and Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Critical Issues Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet focuses on collaboration between academic and student affairs to enhance student learning. Research reveals that the separation of academic and student affairs has a negative impact on student learning, while collaboration between these sectors of the institution enhances student learning. The…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.

281

Research Experience for Undergraduates: an International Program Enhancing Interdisciplinary Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This NSF-funded research experience for undergraduates (REU) took place in South Africa, where gold mines provided outstanding field sites to investigate biogeochemical processes in deep subsurface environments. Underrepresented minorities were encouraged to participate. Cross-disciplinary training was a major ambition for this REU Site: Biogeochemical Educational Experiences - South Africa. Students were selected from diverse academic disciplines (biology, chemistry, and geology) to participate in this interdisciplinary research program. Research projects included characterizing microbial communities with molecular and biochemical techniques, cultivating microorganisms, utilizing geochemical and isotopic parameters to constrain nutrient cycling in groundwater, investigating extreme enzymes and examining functional genes. During the REU, students collected biofilms and fissure water emanating from gas-rich boreholes in 2-3 km deep mines and performed laboratory research in teams under joint mentorship of U.S. and South African scientists. Research teams consisted of three to five students with at least one student from each country and at least two of the disciplines represented. Team membership reflected students' ranking of their choices among mentor-proposed projects. The REU encouraged students to increase scientific knowledge across disciplines, improve oral and written communication skills, and explore cultural and international challenges for scientific research in the global community. Each research team presented oral progress reports to the other research teams to provide communication skill development and to provide a forum for data exchange and interpretation among the various disciplines. Oral communication training culminated in a public presentation by each team at a university/industry science symposium. Mentors reviewed students' writing skills as they prepared text on experimental design, research findings, data interpretation, and literature reviews, leading to final team reports in manuscript format. Students learned how their research contributes to the big picture of biogeochemical processes in the mines. The group research teams and the forums for discussion allowed the students to gain interdisciplinary knowledge and expanded thought processes and views of interdisciplinary research. Thirty-two undergraduates from three countries have participated in this program. Several students are continuing their REU-initiated research as senior thesis projects at their home institutions; some are applying for graduate study in biogeochemistry, and others have started graduate studies.

Pfiffner, S. M.; Davis, K. L.; Phelps, T. J.; Kieft, T. L.; Gihring, T. M.; Onstott, T. C.; Nthangeni, B.; Piater, L.; van Heerden, E.

2004-12-01

282

Female Academics' Research Capacities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Socio-Cultural Issues, Personal Factors and Institutional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 2010, an interdisciplinary group of female academics from a university in the Kurdistan region of Iraq initiated a collaborative research project with a UK university to investigate opportunities and challenges for female academics' research leadership in universities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. The project aimed to develop…

Masika, Rachel; Wisker, Gina; Dabbagh, Lanja; Akreyi, Kawther Jameel; Golmohamad, Hediyeh; Bendixen, Lone; Crawford, Kirstin

2014-01-01

283

76 FR 54408 - Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing Protections for Research Subjects and Reducing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary 45 CFR...Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 50 and 56 Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing...Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in coordination with...

2011-09-01

284

A Web-Based EFL Writing Environment as a Bridge between Academic Advisers and Junior Researchers: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the age of "publish or perish," publishing academic journal articles is a must, not only for professors but also for graduate students in Taiwan. Increasingly, Taiwanese research universities are requiring masters and PhD students to write theses and dissertations in English, with an added caveat for PhD students to publish two or more articles…

Reynolds, Barry Lee

2013-01-01

285

A Study on the Measurement of Job-Related Stress among Women Academics in Research Universities of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to gain an understanding of the sources of stress among women academics in research universities of China. Studies have shown that, compared with their male counterparts, women report higher level of stress in work/family conflicts, gender barriers and career development. Based on the results of this study, the following…

Zhang, Lili

2010-01-01

286

Review of Experimental Research on Academic Learning by Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability in General Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature on academic learning in general education settings for students with moderate and severe intellectual disability was conducted. A total of 17 experimental studies was identified and evaluated using quality indicators for single-case design research. Studies that met or met with reservation the criteria established for…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.; Wood, Leah A.

2013-01-01

287

Half Empty or Half Full? Staffing Trends in Academic Libraries at U.S. Research Universities, 2000-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a quantitative analysis of FTE staffing levels at academic libraries at 176 U.S. research universities between 2000 and 2008. Results showed that overall staffing levels at these libraries declined but that the average number of professional librarian FTE positions modestly increased. Other professional staff positions increased at a…

Stewart, Christopher

2010-01-01

288

Early Career Boot Camp: a novel mechanism for enhancing early career development for psychologists in academic healthcare.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to describe a pilot mentoring program for Early Career Psychologists (ECPs) working in Academic Health Centers (AHCs) and synthesize the lessons learned to contribute to future ECP and AHC career development training programs. The authors describe an early career development model, named the Early Career Boot Camp. This intensive experience was conducted as a workshop meant to build a supportive network and to provide mentorship and survival tools for working in AHCs. Four major components were addressed: professional effectiveness, clinical supervision, strategic career planning, and academic research. Nineteen attendees who were currently less than 5 years post completion of doctoral graduate programs in psychology participated in the program. The majority of boot camp components were rated as good to excellent, with no component receiving below average ratings. Of the components offered within the boot camp, mentoring and research activities were rated the strongest, followed by educational activities, challenges in AHCS, and promotion and tenure. The article describes the purpose, development, implementation, and assessment of the program in detail in an effort to provide an established outline for future organizations to utilize when mentoring ECPs. PMID:22327238

Foran-Tuller, Kelly; Robiner, William N; Breland-Noble, Alfiee; Otey-Scott, Stacie; Wryobeck, John; King, Cheryl; Sanders, Kathryn

2012-03-01

289

An Efficiency Comparison of Document Preparation Systems Used in Academic Research and Development  

PubMed Central

The choice of an efficient document preparation system is an important decision for any academic researcher. To assist the research community, we report a software usability study in which 40 researchers across different disciplines prepared scholarly texts with either Microsoft Word or LaTeX. The probe texts included simple continuous text, text with tables and subheadings, and complex text with several mathematical equations. We show that LaTeX users were slower than Word users, wrote less text in the same amount of time, and produced more typesetting, orthographical, grammatical, and formatting errors. On most measures, expert LaTeX users performed even worse than novice Word users. LaTeX users, however, more often report enjoying using their respective software. We conclude that even experienced LaTeX users may suffer a loss in productivity when LaTeX is used, relative to other document preparation systems. Individuals, institutions, and journals should carefully consider the ramifications of this finding when choosing document preparation strategies, or requiring them of authors. PMID:25526083

Knauff, Markus; Nejasmic, Jelica

2014-01-01

290

Enhancing community delivery of tissue plasminogen activator in stroke through community-academic collaborative clinical knowledge translation.  

PubMed

Improving the clinical outcomes of stroke patients depends on the adoption of proven new therapies throughout the broader medical community. Approximately 1% of stroke patients in community settings are receiving tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) therapy 12 years after US Food and Drug Administration approval. Knowledge translation, the process by which the results of clinical investigations are adopted by clinicians and incorporated into routine practice, is important but often overlooked. This article reviews the history of tPA use in stroke as a case study of a breakdown of knowledge translation in emergency medicine. It reviews knowledge translation concepts and theory and explores practical community-academic collaborative methods based on these tenets to enhance acute stroke care delivery in the community setting. PMID:19218023

Scott, Phillip A

2009-02-01

291

Safety net research in emergency medicine: proceedings of the Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference on "The Unraveling Safety Net".  

PubMed

A primary goal of the Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, "The Unraveling Safety Net: Research Opportunities and Priorities," was to explore a formal research agenda for safety net research in emergency medicine. This paper represents the thoughts of active health services researchers regarding the structure and direction of such work, including some examples from their own research. The current system for safety net care is described, and the emergency department is conceptualized as a window on safety net patients and systems, uniquely positioned to help study and coordinate integrated processes of care. PMID:11691663

Gordon, J A; Billings, J; Asplin, B R; Rhodes, K V

2001-11-01

292

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research. Engaging Ranchers in Market-Based Approaches authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.5.20 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological

Kurapov, Alexander

293

ACADEMIC POLICY 3: Academic Quality and Standards  

E-print Network

a statement outlining the University's approach to safeguarding of academic standards and the assurance and procedures including the Education Strategy and supports the University goals as set out in Led by Learning, the University's Strategic plan. The Academic Quality and Standards Handbook, Academic Research Students

Jones, Graeme A.

294

A Council on Undergraduate Research Workshop Initiative to Establish, Enhance, and Institutionalize Undergraduate Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of undergraduate research workshop to significantly enhance the quality of undergraduate science education was cited as one of the goals by the National Science Foundations (NSF) Strategic Plan. To address this strategic national need, the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) has granted an NSF course, curriculum, and laboratory…

Karukstis, Kerry K.

2006-01-01

295

The hidden face of academic researches on classified highly pathogenic microorganisms.  

PubMed

Highly pathogenic microorganisms and toxins are manipulated in academic laboratories for fundamental research purposes, diagnostics, drugs and vaccines development. Obviously, these infectious pathogens represent a potential risk for human and/or animal health and their accidental or intentional release (biosafety and biosecurity, respectively) is a major concern of governments. In the past decade, several incidents have occurred in laboratories and reported by media causing fear and raising a sense of suspicion against biologists. Some scientists have been ordered by US government to leave their laboratory for long periods of time following the occurrence of an incident involving infectious pathogens; in other cases laboratories have been shut down and universities have been forced to pay fines and incur a long-term ban on funding after gross negligence of biosafety/biosecurity procedures. Measures of criminal sanctions have also been taken to minimize the risk that such incidents can reoccur. As United States and many other countries, France has recently strengthened its legal measures for laboratories' protection. During the past two decades, France has adopted a series of specific restriction measures to better protect scientific discoveries with a potential economic/social impact and prevent their misuse by ill-intentioned people without affecting the progress of science through fundamental research. French legal regulations concerning scientific discoveries have progressively strengthened since 2001, until the publication in November 2011 of a decree concerning the "PPST" (for "Protection du Potentiel Scientifique et Technique de la nation", the protection of sensitive scientific data). Following the same logic of protection of sensitive scientific researches, regulations were also adopted in an order published in April 2012 concerning the biology and health field. The aim was to define the legal framework that precise the conditions for authorizing microorganisms and toxins experimentation in France; these regulations apply for any operation of production, manufacturing, transportation, import, export, possession, supply, transfer, acquisition and use of highly pathogenic microorganisms and toxins, referred to as "MOT" (for "MicroOrganismes et Toxines hautement pathogčnes") by the French law. Finally, laboratories conducting researches on such infectious pathogens are henceforth classified restricted area or ZRR (for "Zone ŕ Régime Restrictif"), according an order of July 2012. In terms of economic protection, biosafety and biosecurity, these regulations represent an undeniable progress as compared to the previous condition. However, the competitiveness of research laboratories handling MOTs is likely to suffer the side effects of these severe constraints. For example research teams working on MOTs can be drastically affected both by (i) the indirect costs generated by the security measure to be applied; (ii) the working time devoted to samples recording; (iii) the establishment of traceability and reporting to national security agency ANSM, (iv) the latency period required for staff members being officially authorized to conduct experiments on MOTs; (v) the consequent reduced attractiveness for recruiting new trainees whose work would be significantly hampered by theses administrative constraints; and (vi) the limitations in the exchange of material with external laboratories and collaborators. Importantly, there is a risk that French academic researchers gradually abandon research on MOTs in favor of other projects that are less subject to legal restrictions. This would reduce the acquisition of knowledge in the field of MOTs which, in the long term, could be highly detrimental to the country by increasing its vulnerability to natural epidemics due to pathogenic microorganisms that are classified as MOTs and, by reducing its preparedness against possible bioterrorist attacks that would use such microorganisms. PMID:25445654

Devaux, Christian A

2015-01-01

296

Necessity for Industry-Academic Economic Geology Collaborations for Energy Critical Minerals Research and Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic geology is a highly interdisciplinary field utilizing a diverse set of petrologic, geochemical, geophysical, and tectonic data for improved scientific understanding of element migration and concentration in the crust (ore formation). A number of elements that were once laboratory curiosities now figure prominently in new energy technologies (e.g. wind turbines, solar energy collectors). If widely deployed, such technologies have the capacity to transform the way we produce, transmit, store, and conserve energy. To meet domestic and worldwide renewable energy needs these systems must be scaled from laboratory, to demonstration, to widespread deployment. Such technologies are materials intensive. If widely deployed, the elements required by these technologies will be needed in significant quantities and shortage of these "energy critical elements" could significantly inhibit the adoption of otherwise game changing energy technologies. It is imperative to better understand the geology, metallurgy, and mining engineering of critical mineral deposits if we are to sustainably develop these new technologies. There is currently no consensus among federal and state agencies, the national and international mining industry, the public, and the U.S. academic community regarding the importance of economic geology to secure sufficient energy critical elements to undertake large-scale renewable energy development. Available federal funding for critical elements focuses on downstream areas such as metallurgy, substitutions, and recycling rather than primary deposits. Undertaking the required research to discover and mine critical element deposits in an environmentally friendly manner will require significant partnering with industry due to the current lack of federal research support.

Hitzman, M.

2012-12-01

297

Improving Multibeam Data Quality Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC) is an NSF funded project with the goal of improving the quality of multibeam across the U.S. academic research fleet. There are many facets to the Committee's plan to reach this goal, one of which is to have a team of multibeam specialists visiting vessels in the fleet. During their ship visits, the MAC's Quality Assurance Team (QAT) deploys software tools, disseminates "best practice" documentation, assesses the state of the system as a whole and does everything they can to help ship operators better understand and operate their multibeam systems. A big part of these ship visits is simply outreach: we want to let the operators know that they have access to help if they need it. In addition to developing working relationships with the operating institutions, the MAC seeks to reach out to the end user: the scientific community that uses these facilities to further their research. By presenting the MAC and QAT concepts to the community, we hope to raise awareness of our efforts, introduce the software tools and best-practice documentation that we are deploying and also solicit feedback on what future directions the MAC should focus.

Johnson, P. D.; Beaudoin, J.; Ferrini, V.

2012-12-01

298

Stimulating Creativity by Integrating Research and Teaching Across the Academic Disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creativity is a human adventure fueled by the process of exploration. But how do we explore our intellectual interests? In this talk, I'll propose that we seek out our creative opportunities using an inherent natural process. This process might, therefore, exploit search strategies found across diverse natural systems -- ranging from the way animals forage for food to the way the human eye locates information embedded within complex patterns. The symbolic significance of this hypothesis lies in its call for educational institutes to provide environments that encourage our natural explorations rather those that stamp restrictive, artificial `order' on the process. To make my case, I'll review some of my own research trajectories followed during my RCSA Cottrell Scholarship at the University of Oregon (UO). My first conclusion will be that it is fundamentally unnatural to declare divides across disciplines. In particular, the infamous `art-science divide' is not a consequence of our natural creative searches but instead arises from our practical inability to accommodate the rapid drive toward academic specialization. Secondly, divides between research and teaching activities are equally unnatural -- both endeavors are driven by the same creative strategy and are intertwined within the same natural process. This applies equally to the experiences of professors and students. I will end with specific success stories at the UO. These include a NSF IGERT project (focused on accelerating students' transitions from classroom to research experiences) and a collaboration between architects and professors to design a building (the recently opened Lewis Integrative Science Building) that encourages daily encounters between students and professors across research disciplines.

Taylor, Richard

2013-03-01

299

Enhancing Undergraduate Education through Mentored Research and Practical Writing Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Twenty years ago I attended my very first AAS meeting as a 21-year old undergraduate physics major. At that meeting I presented the light curve of a variable star I had studied as part of a mentored research program at BYU. That opportunity to do mentored research, and to attend a professional meeting of astronomers, helped to set the foundation for my success today as an associate professor of physics and astronomy. Twenty years ago I was the student, now I am the mentor! I have eight undergraduate students whom I currently supervise in active research, four of which are presenting their senior projects at the 225th meeting of the AAS.My experience has shown me that the full impact of mentored research cannot be measured by yearly numbers or statistics. When we mentor a student, we influence their career path and choices for years to come. Where feasible, every undergraduate should have the opportunity to do research if they so choose. It is a sacrifice of our time and our effort that cannot be easily measured through numbers or results, and is only visible many years down the road as these students become the future leaders in astronomy and policy. In this poster, I will discuss the benefits of mentored research, the growth we have seen at BYU over the past twenty years with the introduction of a mentored research program, and ideas for implementing mentored research and writing into course curricula to enhance the undergraduate educational experience.

Stephens, Denise C.; Hintz, Eric G.; Joner, Michael D.; Moody, J. Ward

2015-01-01

300

Using information technology to improve the quality and efficiency of clinical trial research in academic medical centers.  

PubMed

In the area of clinical trial research, academic medical centers (AMCs) need to create additional capacity and improve performance on vital indicators to attract more studies, as they are currently losing their share to stand-alone research sites. Through the utilization of information technology, AMCs will be in a better position to fend off the competitive threats to their clinical research dollars. Most AMCs are in an enviable position to leverage the value of information technology because of the existing people, processes, and technologies that probably already exist throughout the AMC. The challenge, then, is to deploy these resources in a different manner to support clinical trial research. PMID:10537461

Hardison, C D; Schnetzer, T

1999-01-01

301

Towards Sustainable Research Capacity Development and Research Ownership for Academic Institutes in Developing Countries: The Malawian Research Support Centre Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In lesser-developed African countries, the lack of institutionalised support for research, combined with limited career opportunities and poor remuneration, have contributed to weak research infrastructure and capacity, and a continuing brain drain to developed countries. Malawi's Research Support Centre (RSC) model is novel in that it provides a…

Gomo, Exnevia; Kalilani, Linda; Mwapasa, Victor; Trigu, Chifundo; Phiri, Kamija; Schmidt, Joann; van Hensbroek, Michael Boele

2011-01-01

302

The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

2009-01-01

303

Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices constitute relational work and professional and organizational identity work. By elucidating the ongoing relational and identity work of UIR participants in the social construction of autonomous academic science, I seek to make the interdependencies between the state, experts and private economic interests more visible, specifically in terms of their collective interest in the status and public credibility of academic science.

Biscotti, Dina Louise

304

The Changing Academic Profession in International and Quantitative Perspectives: A Focus on Teaching & Research Activities. Report of the International Conference on the Changing Academic Profession Project, 2010. RIHE International Seminar Reports. No.15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Institute for Higher Education in Hiroshima University started a program of research on the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) in 2005. The fourth and final conference was held in Hiroshima in January 2010. The following papers are presented at the conference: (1) Differentiation and Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning in…

Research Institute for Higher Education, Hiroshima University (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

305

Diversity and Research Practices among Academics in South African Universities: Race for the Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education systems, globally, are being called upon to effect changes in terms of widening student access and diversifying a previously homogenous academic staff profile. In South Africa, one of the main forces driving the diversification of academic staff is state policy in the form of employment equity legislation, with racial redress…

Thaver, Beverley

2009-01-01

306

What Does Research Say about Effective Practices for English Learners? Part II: Academic Language Proficiency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic language is a vital part of content-area instruction and is one of the most pressing needs faced by English Language Learners (ELLs). The fundamental challenge ELLs in all-English instruction face is learning academic content while simultaneously becoming proficient in English. Because of this challenge, the authors, as educators, do not…

Coleman, Rhoda; Goldenberg, Claude

2010-01-01

307

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality…

McGhee, Patrick

308

American Electric Power's Project Probe-enhancing power engineering education through industrial-academic cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Probe is an annual summer intern program offered by American Electric Power (AEP) to provide qualified engineering students a meaningful educational experience in power generation and utility operation. The program fosters communication and cooperation between academia and the power industry, enhances the education of future engineers, and supports engineering faculty while it enlightens students and faculty about the power

David J. Bayless; Richard I. Pawliger

1997-01-01

309

Quality assessment of marine geoscience data collected with the U.S. academic oceanographic research fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Marine science data collected using the U.S. academic research fleet support a diverse array of investigations across the ocean sciences, targeting important questions ranging from the impacts of global change on ocean chemistry and ecosystems, to the structure and dynamics of ocean circulation, to the nature of volcanic and earthquake processes at the global plate boundaries. Each vessel within the academic fleet is equipped with a suite of sensors (geophysical, water column, and meteorological) available for continuous operation during each expedition, that provide characterization of basic environmental conditions from sea surface to subseafloor. Given the vast expanse of the oceans, many expeditions collect data in previously unexplored regions and these data are of high value for later re-use to build global syntheses, climatologies, and historical time series of ocean properties. Understanding the quality of these "underway" data streams is essential for any of these science applications. However, documentation of data quality is rare and historically, routine quality assessment (QA) of these data streams has been lacking. In most cases, QA has been the domain of the science party for each expedition but limited to the data types of interest for the scientific goals of the specific program, with the quality of other underway data types remaining unassessed. Under the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program, QA of sensor data collected across the academic fleet will be routinely conducted as part of the R2R data pipeline that begins with the submission of cruise data distributions by ship operators. R2R will assemble datasets and documentation, and perform QA for submission to the NOAA National Data Centers (NDCs) for long-term archiving. The goals of the QA are two fold: 1. To provide feedback to shipboard operators to ensure that high quality data are consistently acquired, and 2. To inform future science users of the status of a field data set with detailed information regarding the nature of any problems identified. A wide array of factors impact the quality of data collected at sea, including weather conditions (e.g. winds, sea state), instrument functioning, and operator controlled settings and calibrations. Some data quality issues are best identified visually, but with the volume and diversity of data collected across the research fleet, QA is focused on tests that can be fully scripted. QA tests fall into two general categories: 1. minimal tests of the validity of a submitted data set (existence and validity of the metadata, and verification that all expected data files exist and can be read) and 2. data file level tests (each file can be read, data values are within valid limits, and calculation of statistical quality). Output of the QA is provided as a quality report included within an ISO standard data set metadata record, which is submitted with the data set to the NDCs for long-term archiving.

Carbotte, S. M.; O'hara, S. H.; Ferrini, V.; Arko, R. A.; Morton, J. J.; Sweeney, A. D.; Clark, D.; Miller, S. P.; Stocks, K.; Chandler, C. L.; Maffei, A. R.; Smith, S. R.; Bourassa, M. A.

2011-12-01

310

Batting 300 is Good: Perspectives of Faculty Researchers and their Mentors on Rejection, Resilience, and Persistence in Academic Medical Careers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Professional rejection is a frequent experience in an academic medical career. The authors sought to understand how rejection affects those pursuing such careers and why some individuals may be more resilient than others in a population of individuals with demonstrated ability and interest in research careers. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described a variety of experiences with criticism and rejection in their careers, as well as an acute need for persistence and resilience in the face of such challenges. Through their narratives, participants also vividly described a range of emotional and behavioral responses to their experiences of professional rejection. Their responses illuminated the important roles that various factors, including mentoring and gender, play in shaping the ultimate influence of rejection on their own careers and on the careers of those they have mentored. Conclusions Responses to rejection vary considerably, and negative responses can lead promising individuals to abandon careers in academic medicine. Resilience does not, however, appear to be immutable—it can be learned. Given the frequency of experiences with rejection in academic medicine, strategies such as training mentors to foster resilience may be particularly helpful in improving faculty retention in academic medicine. PMID:23425991

DeCastro, Rochelle; Sambuco, Dana; Ubel, Peter A.; Stewart, Abigail; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

311

Photosynthesis Research 58: 14, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

of his scientific interest throughout his academic career. This 1962 paper was on the stimulatory effect of CO2 on the Hill reaction, a phenomenon that was discovered by Otto Warburg. The paper brought him

Govindjee "Gov"

312

Enhancing Scientifically-Based Research for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a brief overview of the No Child Left Behind Act (2001) requirement that schools use instructional strategies based on scientifically-based research (SBR) to improve the academic performance of students. Controversies resulting from the definition of SBR, complexities encountered in conducting research in schools, and the…

Ortiz, Alba A.; Yates, James R.

2008-01-01

313

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written to support the excellence in teaching required to bring about learning of the highest quality. Chapters seek to offer the best practical advice in teaching, learning, and assessment, as well as references to research findings. An introductory section sets out the purpose of the book and examines the changing role and place of…

Fry, Heather, Ed.; Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.

314

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, aimed primarily at the inexperienced teacher in higher education, but useful also for the more experienced faculty member, provides practical advice on teaching, learning, and assessment that incorporates recent research findings. Following a "User's Guide" (Heather Fry, Steve Ketteridge, and Stephanie Marshall), the chapters of…

Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve; Marshall, Stephanie

315

ENHANCING SEISMIC CALIBRATION RESEARCH THROUGH SOFTWARE AUTOMATION AND SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION MANAGEMENT  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering (GNEM R&E) Program at LLNL has made significant progress enhancing the process of deriving seismic calibrations and performing scientific integration, analysis, and information management with software automation tools. Several achievements in schema design, data visualization, synthesis, and analysis were completed this year. Our tool efforts address the problematic issues of very large datasets and varied formats encountered during seismic calibration research. As data volumes have increased, scientific information management issues such as data quality assessment, ontology mapping, and metadata collection that are essential for production and validation of derived calibrations have negatively impacted researchers abilities to produce products. New information management and analysis tools have resulted in demonstrated gains in efficiency of producing scientific data products and improved accuracy of derived seismic calibrations. Significant software engineering and development efforts have produced an object-oriented framework that provides database centric coordination between scientific tools, users, and data. Nearly a half billion parameters, signals, measurements, and metadata entries are all stored in a relational database accessed by an extensive object-oriented multi-technology software framework that includes elements of stored procedures, real-time transactional database triggers and constraints, as well as coupled Java and C++ software libraries to handle the information interchange and validation requirements. Significant resources were applied to schema design to enable recording of processing flow and metadata. A core capability is the ability to rapidly select and present subsets of related signals and measurements to the researchers for analysis and distillation both visually (JAVA GUI client applications) and in batch mode (instantiation of multi-threaded applications on clusters of processors). Development of efficient data exploitation methods has become increasingly important throughout academic and government seismic research communities to address multi-disciplinary large scale initiatives. Effective frameworks must also simultaneously provide the researcher with robust measurement and analysis tools that can handle and extract groups of events effectively and isolate the researcher from the now onerous task of database management and metadata collection necessary for validation and error analysis. Sufficient information management robustness is required to avoid loss of metadata that would lead to incorrect calibration results in addition to increasing the data management burden. Our specific automation methodology and tools improve the researchers ability to assemble quality-controlled research products for delivery into the NNSA Knowledge Base (KB). The software and scientific automation tasks also provide the robust foundation upon which synergistic and efficient development of, GNEM R&E Program, seismic calibration research may be built.

Ruppert, S D; Dodge, D A; Ganzberger, M D; Hauk, T F; Matzel, E M

2007-07-06

316

Academ Academ ModernAcademLanguagesAcademandAcademLiteraturesAcadem PageAcadem189SonomaAcademStateAcademUniversityAcadem2010-2011AcademCatalog modern langUages and literatUres  

E-print Network

Academ Academ ModernAcademLanguagesAcademandAcademLiteraturesAcadem PageAcadem189SonomaAcademStateAcademUniversityAcadem2010-2011AcademCatalog modern langUages and literatUres Department Office StevensonAcademHallAcadem3016,AcademLiteratureAcademandAcademCultureAcademofAcademtheAcademGerman- SpeakingAcademWorld,AcademEthnicAcademMinority

Ravikumar, B.

317

Standardized endpoint definitions for transcatheter aortic valve implantation clinical trials: a consensus report from the Valve Academic Research Consortium†  

PubMed Central

Objectives To propose standardized consensus definitions for important clinical endpoints in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), investigations in an effort to improve the quality of clinical research and to enable meaningful comparisons between clinical trials. To make these consensus definitions accessible to all stakeholders in TAVI clinical research through a peer reviewed publication, on behalf of the public health. Background Transcatheter aortic valve implantation may provide a worthwhile less invasive treatment in many patients with severe aortic stenosis and since its introduction to the medical community in 2002, there has been an explosive growth in procedures. The integration of TAVI into daily clinical practice should be guided by academic activities, which requires a harmonized and structured process for data collection, interpretation, and reporting during well-conducted clinical trials. Methods and results The Valve Academic Research Consortium established an independent collaboration between Academic Research organizations and specialty societies (cardiology and cardiac surgery) in the USA and Europe. Two meetings, in San Francisco, California (September 2009) and in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (December 2009), including key physician experts, and representatives from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and device manufacturers, were focused on creating consistent endpoint definitions and consensus recommendations for implementation in TAVI clinical research programs. Important considerations in developing endpoint definitions included (i) respect for the historical legacy of surgical valve guidelines; (ii) identification of pathophysiological mechanisms associated with clinical events; (iii) emphasis on clinical relevance. Consensus criteria were developed for the following endpoints: mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, bleeding, acute kidney injury, vascular complications, and prosthetic valve performance. Composite endpoints for TAVI safety and effectiveness were also recommended. Conclusion Although consensus criteria will invariably include certain arbitrary features, an organized multidisciplinary process to develop specific definitions for TAVI clinical research should provide consistency across studies that can facilitate the evaluation of this new important catheter-based therapy. The broadly based consensus endpoint definitions described in this document may be useful for regulatory and clinical trial purposes. PMID:21216739

Leon, Martin B.; Piazza, Nicolo; Nikolsky, Eugenia; Blackstone, Eugene H.; Cutlip, Donald E.; Kappetein, Arie Pieter; Krucoff, Mitchell W.; Mack, Michael; Mehran, Roxana; Miller, Craig; Morel, Marie-angčle; Petersen, John; Popma, Jeffrey J.; Takkenberg, Johanna J.M.; Vahanian, Alec; van Es, Gerrit-Anne; Vranckx, Pascal; Webb, John G.; Windecker, Stephan; Serruys, Patrick W.

2011-01-01

318

Provost and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs Susan R. WenteInterim Dean,  

E-print Network

- Program to Enhance Graduate Education (E-G-E) - Graduate School & Graduate Admin - Selected External Compliance - University Press - Vanderbilt Undergraduate Summer Research Program (VUSRP) - Academic Integrity Learning Associate Provost & Dean of Students Mark Bandas - Active Citizenship & Service - Alcohol & Drug

Bordenstein, Seth

319

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

SciTech Connect

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research is a multi-year collaborative effort with the New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (NMPRRC), to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. Results from the wettability research will be applied to determine if alteration of wettability is a significant contributing mechanism for MEOR systems. Eight facultatively anaerobic surfactant producing isolates able to function in the reservoir conditions of the Minnelusa A Sands of the Powder River Basin in Wyoming were isolated from naturally occurring oil-laden environments. Isolates were characterized according to morphology, thermostability, halotolerance, growth substrates, affinity to crude oil/brine interfaces, degradative effects on crude oils, and biochemical profiles. Research at the INEL has focused on the elucidation of microbial mechanisms by which crude oil may be recovered from a reservoir and the chemical and physical properties of the reservoir that may impact the effectiveness of MEOR. Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 (ATCC 39307) has been used as a benchmark organism to quantify MEOR of medium weight crude oils (17.5 to 38.1{degrees}API) the capacity for oil recovery of Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 utilizing a sucrose-based nutrient has been elucidated using Berea sandstone cores. Spacial distribution of cells after microbial flooding has been analyzed with scanning electron microscopy. Also the effect of microbial surfactants on the interfacial tensions (IFT) of aqueous/crude oil systems has been measured. 87 refs., 60 figs., 15 tabs.

Thomas, C.P.; Bala, G.A.; Duvall, M.L.

1991-07-01

320

Enhancing the h index for the objective assessment of healthcare researcher performance and impact  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether the h index (a bibliometric tool which is increasingly used to assess and appraise an individual's research performance) could be improved to better measure the academic performance and citation profile for individual healthcare researchers. Design Cohort study. Setting Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, UK. Participants Publication lists from 1 January 2000 until 31 December 2009 for 501 academic healthcare researchers from the Faculty of Medicine. Main outcome measures The h index for each researcher was calculated over a nine-year period. The citation count for each researcher was differentiated into high (h2 upper), core (h2 centre) and low (h2 lower) visibility areas. Segmented regression model (sRM) was used to statistically estimate number of high visibility publications (sRM value). Validity of the h index and other proposed adjuncts were analysed against academic rank and conventional bibliometric indicators. Results Construct validity was demonstrated for h index, h2 upper, h2 centre, h2 lower and sRM value (all P < 0.05). Convergent validity of the h index and sRM value was shown by significant correlations with total number of publications (r = 0.89 and 0.86 respectively, P < 0.05) and total number of citations (r = 0.96 and 0.65, respectively, P < 0.05). Significant differences in h index and sRM value existed between non-physician and physician researchers (P < 0.05). Conclusions This study supports the construct validity of the h index as a measure of healthcare researcher academic rank. It also identifies the assessment value of our developed indices of h2 upper, h2 centre, h2 lower and sRM. These can be applied in combination with the h index to provide additional objective evidence to appraise the performance and impact of an academic healthcare researcher. PMID:23358276

Patel, Vanash M; Ashrafian, Hutan; Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rüdiger; Makanjuola, Jonathan; Skapinakis, Petros; Darzi, Ara; Athanasiou, Thanos

2013-01-01

321

Automated Web-Based Request Mechanism for Workflow Enhancement in an Academic Customer-Focused Biorepository.  

PubMed

Informatics systems, particularly those that provide capabilities for data storage, specimen tracking, retrieval, and order fulfillment, are critical to the success of biorepositories and other laboratories engaged in translational medical research. A crucial item-one easily overlooked-is an efficient way to receive and process investigator-initiated requests. A successful electronic ordering system should allow request processing in a maximally efficient manner, while also allowing streamlined tracking and mining of request data such as turnaround times and numerical categorizations (user groups, funding sources, protocols, and so on). Ideally, an electronic ordering system also facilitates the initial contact between the laboratory and customers, while still allowing for downstream communications and other steps toward scientific partnerships. We describe here the recently established Web-based ordering system for the biorepository at Washington University Medical Center, along with its benefits for workflow, tracking, and customer service. Because of the system's numerous value-added impacts, we think our experience can serve as a good model for other customer-focused biorepositories, especially those currently using manual or non-Web-based request systems. Our lessons learned also apply to the informatics developers who serve such biobanks. PMID:23386921

McDonald, Sandra A; Ryan, Benjamin J; Brink, Amy; Holtschlag, Victoria L

2012-02-01

322

"Building a Mystery": Alternative Research Writing and the Academic Act of Seeking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a series of alternatives to the modernist research paper: the argumentative research paper, the personal research paper, the research essay, and the multi-genre/media/disciplinary/cultural research paper. Addresses theoretical implications of alternative research writing strategies. (NH)

Davis, Robert; Shadle, Mark

2000-01-01

323

IS SERVICE-LEARNING EFFECTIVE?: A LOOK AT CURRENT RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of service-learning in higher education is related to the way it both helps students achieve personal and academic goals and serves broader institutional goals of civic engagement for students and outreach to communities (Campus Compact 2000). This article looks closely at current research assessing the impact of academic service-learning in such areas as enhanced academic learning, instructional effectiveness,

Clayton A. Hurd

324

Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Academic and Clinical Convergence Point for Psychiatry, Neurology, Psychology and Pediatrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next…

Reiss, Allan L.

2009-01-01

325

Building Community in Academic Settings: The Importance of Flexibility in a Structured Mentoring Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic mentoring is increasingly being used by many universities as a tool to enhance the quality of research-led teaching, promote cross-faculty collaboration and encourage a mentoring culture and community. This article reports on a pilot project established to investigate the benefits of building flexibility into a structured academic

Ewing, Robyn; Freeman, Mark; Barrie, Simon; Bell, Amani; O'Connor, Donna; Waugh, Fran; Sykes, Chris

2008-01-01

326

Academic Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded as part of the Backdoor Broadcasting Company, Academic service "specializes in web-casting academic conferences, symposia, public lectures, workshops, and seminars in order to further the dissemination of academic research." Visitors can listen in to the fruits of their labors on this site, which includes both live broadcasts, and a range of archived events. It's easy to get started here, and visitors can click on the "Archive" to view some of their past events. Some of their latest additions include "Teaching History in Deep Time", "States of Mind: Development and the Life Cycle", and noted author Alain de Botton commenting on "The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work". Another nice feature of the site is that visitors can view a list of upcoming events and take a look at their interactive calendar.

327

Commentary: Implementing Social-Emotional and Academic Innovations--Reflections, Reactions, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article "Implementation, Sustainability, and Scaling Up of Social-Emotional and Academic Innovations in Public Schools" by Elias, Zins, Graczyk, and Weissberg (2003) is a thought-provoking contribution, and one that begs for more application. Some of the points the authors raise have been articulated in the school and clinical evidence-based…

Elliott, Stephen N.; Kratochwill, Thomas R.; Roach, Andrew T.

2003-01-01

328

Expanding Beyond Academics: Who Benefits and How? Trends in Education Research. Issue Brief. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief summarizes the findings of Mathematica's Valuing Competencies study, which analyzed the effects of students' high school competencies on their postsecondary earnings and educational attainment. The effects of several competency measures, including academic achievement (as captured by test scores) and composite measures of leadership…

Deke, John; Haimson, Joshua

2006-01-01

329

The Unequal Benefits of Academic Patenting for Science and Engineering Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase of university patents has raised issues of potential conflicts of interest in Faculty activities. Nonetheless, recent empirical evidence has indicated that very productive scientists contribute disproportionally to academic patenting and that inventing is likely to encourage an increase in scientific productivity. This article adds to this evidence by showing that such beneficial effects are not likely to be

Mario Calderini; Chiara Franzoni; Andrea Vezzulli

2009-01-01

330

Retention, Graduation, and Academic Progress as Related to Basic Skills. Research Report No. 82-36.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) to assess the relationship between students' basic skills performance and three outcome measures: retention, graduation, and academic progress. Specifically, the study compared the performance and persistence of White, Black, and Hispanic students while equating for basic skills…

Losak, John; Morris, Cathy

331

Understanding Faculty Perceptions of the Future: Action Research for Academic Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of this study was to aid academic librarians in examining their perceptions of the future of higher education, engaging disciplinary faculty members to understand their views, and determining actions to take to shape the future. In this mixed methods study, scenarios about the future of higher education served as the basis for…

Malenfant, Kara Josephine

2011-01-01

332

The Self-Concept of Academic Ability Among American Indian Students. A Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed the self-concept of academic ability among 6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th grade Indian children, compared their level of self-concept with that of other children enrolled in the same classes to find out the role of socioeconomic and ethnic background in determining the level of self-concept, and examined the factors that correlated…

Abdel-Mawgood, Mohammed E.; Hatch, Glenn

333

Academic Service Perception: A Comparative Research towards University Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to measure and present the academic expectation and satisfaction levels of senior class students within Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty of Education of Afyon Kocatepe University comparatively. The population of the study are the students Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences and…

Hotamisli, Mustafa; Yoruk, Sinan

2011-01-01

334

Recycling Academic Calendars. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Currents, October 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of a variety of postsecondary institutions using different academic calendar options are examined. Several calendar options are described: the traditional semester, the early semester, 4-1-4, the quarter system, the trimester plan, composite plans, and year-round plans. The traditional semester calendar begins in mid-September and…

Eddy, Margot Sanders

335

Seeking Support: Researching First-Year Students' Experiences of Coping with Academic Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' transition to academia comes with a number of challenges which, if inadequately addressed, may negatively affect their academic performance and psychological well-being. Hence, the question of support becomes critical and has been reflected in the variety of practical measures to provide support with learning and facilitate newcomers'…

Morosanu, Laura; Handley, Karen; O'Donovan, Berry

2010-01-01

336

Academic Performance of Howard Community College Students in Transfer Institutions: Preliminary Findings. Research Report Number 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at Howard Community College (HCC) to determine the performance of HCC students at transfer institutions. Four factors related to transfer success were examined: earning an associate degree at HCC; enrolling in a community college transfer program; length of time spent at HCC; and academic preparation and achievement at the…

Radcliffe, Susan K.

337

School-Based Health Centers and Academic Performance: Research, Challenges, and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-based health centers (SBHCs) provide physical and mental health services on school campuses to improve student health status, and thereby potentially facilitate student academic success. With a growing emphasis on school accountability and the simultaneous dwindling of resources at the federal, state, and local levels, SBHCs face increasing…

Geierstanger, Sara Peterson; Amaral, Gorette; Mansour, Mona; Walters, Susan Russell

2004-01-01

338

2012 Cyber Security Expo Report A National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education & Research  

E-print Network

2012 Cyber Security Expo Report A National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Annual Cyber Security Expo at its FedEx Institute of Technology (FIT) on October 19, 2012. The Expo is the capstone event of the University's Cyber Security Awareness Month program and has drawn participants from

Memphis, University of

339

Putting a Face on Hunger: A Community-Academic Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Food insecurity is a growing concern for Eau Claire County residents in Western Wisconsin. A community-academic partnership studied food insecurity through the voices of families struggling to access food and institutions that assist with hunger related problems. Data were collected through focus groups held in urban and rural parts of the county.…

Coffey, Nancy; Canales, Mary K.; Moore, Emily; Gullickson, Melissa; Kaczmarski, Brenda

2014-01-01

340

Sida, The Research Council of Norway, City Council of Uppsala, Uppsala University Academic Book Exhibition  

E-print Network

, Uppsala University 4. 2. Advertising Specifications Rates include space only. No agency discounts. Only Exhibition 1. Academic Book Exhibition 2. Advertising in the Conference Programme Book 3. Delegate Pack Inserts 4. Terms and Conditions 4. 1. Applications and Payments 4. 2. Advertising specifications 4. 3

Uppsala Universitet

341

On How Editors of Academic Journals at Institutions of Higher Learning Should Resist Academic Corruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic corruption is a hot issue in today's society. "Academic corruption" means that certain individuals in academic circles, driven by the desire for personal gain, resort to various kinds of nonnormative and unethical behavior in academic research activities. These include: academic self-piracy, academic piracy, copying and plagiarism,…

Jing, Xiao

2007-01-01

342

Development and implementation of a workshop to enhance the effectiveness of mentors working with diverse mentees in HIV research.  

PubMed

Abstract A growing body of evidence highlights the importance of competent mentoring in academic research in the field of HIV, particularly for early stage investigators from diverse, underrepresented backgrounds. We describe the development and implementation of a 2-day intensive workshop to train mid-level and senior-level investigators conducting HIV-related clinical and translational research across multiple academic institutions on more effective mentoring, with an emphasis on techniques to foster mentees of diversity. The workshop was focused on training mentors in techniques designed to improve the effectiveness of the mentor-mentee relationship, and included didactic presentations, interactive discussions, and small-group problem-based learning activities. Mid-level or senior-level faculty involved or planning to be involved in significant mentorship activities related to HIV research were eligible. Surveys and formal actions plans allowed for workshop evaluation and laid the groundwork for subsequent workshops. Twenty-six faculty from 16?U.S.-based institutions participated, with good representation across discipline, gender, and race/ethnicity. The sessions were highly rated and discussions and evaluations revealed important barriers and facilitators to mentoring, challenges and solutions related to mentoring mentees from diverse backgrounds, and specific tools to enhance mentoring effectiveness. The Mentoring the Mentors training program for HIV researchers focusing on early career investigators of diversity was the first of its kind and was well attended, was rated highly, and provided guidance for improving the program in the future. This training program fills an important gap in the HIV researcher community and offers guidance for training mentors interested in diversity issues in settings outside of HIV. PMID:24735004

Gandhi, Monica; Fernandez, Alicia; Stoff, David M; Narahari, Swathi; Blank, Michael; Fuchs, Jonathan; Evans, Clyde H; Kahn, James S; Johnson, Mallory O

2014-08-01

343

A Research Based Approach to Students in Academic Difficulty: Characteristics and Intervention. ASHE 1985 Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community college students who experience academic difficulty as measured by grade point average were compared to students not in academic difficulty on five constructs: reading ability, career decisiveness, learning styles, study habits and attitudes, and motivational factors. The 19 students in academic difficulty and 31 students not in academic

Judd, Thomas P.; And Others

344

Using Research and Projects to Develop Tablet PC Applications for Enhanced Undergraduate Learning  

E-print Network

Using Research and Projects to Develop Tablet PC Applications for Enhanced Undergraduate Learning Undergraduate Learning Project Overview We propose a research and project-development-infrastructure approach Research and Projects to Develop Tablet PC Applications for Enhanced Undergraduate Learning 2 on the CSIS

Tappert, Charles

345

Enhancing Students Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, the public was expressing discontent about the declining of students' test scores and the quality of public schooling. The federal government eventually began discussing and debating for education reform and the No Child Left Behind of 2001 was finally passed and signed by President…

Rulloda, Rudolfo Barcena

2011-01-01

346

The Influence of On-Campus, Academic Year Undergraduate Research on STEM PhD Outcomes: Evidence from the Meyerhoff Scholarship Program  

PubMed Central

The Meyerhoff Scholarship Program, which celebrated its 20th year in 2008, is considered a successful intervention program for increasing the number of underrepresented minorities who earn PhDs or MD/PhDs and pursue research careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). This article examines the relationship between participation in one specific component of the Meyerhoff Scholarship Program—on-campus, academic year research—and the pursuit of a STEM PhD by thirteen cohorts of program participants. The results indicate that participation in on-campus, academic year research is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of pursuing a STEM PhD. They further suggest that the structure and intensity of the on-campus, academic year research experience matter. PMID:21785521

2011-01-01

347

Implementing health research through academic and clinical partnerships: a realistic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC)  

PubMed Central

Background The English National Health Service has made a major investment in nine partnerships between higher education institutions and local health services called Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC). They have been funded to increase capacity and capability to produce and implement research through sustained interactions between academics and health services. CLAHRCs provide a natural 'test bed' for exploring questions about research implementation within a partnership model of delivery. This protocol describes an externally funded evaluation that focuses on implementation mechanisms and processes within three CLAHRCs. It seeks to uncover what works, for whom, how, and in what circumstances. Design and methods This study is a longitudinal three-phase, multi-method realistic evaluation, which deliberately aims to explore the boundaries around knowledge use in context. The evaluation funder wishes to see it conducted for the process of learning, not for judging performance. The study is underpinned by a conceptual framework that combines the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services and Knowledge to Action frameworks to reflect the complexities of implementation. Three participating CLARHCS will provide in-depth comparative case studies of research implementation using multiple data collection methods including interviews, observation, documents, and publicly available data to test and refine hypotheses over four rounds of data collection. We will test the wider applicability of emerging findings with a wider community using an interpretative forum. Discussion The idea that collaboration between academics and services might lead to more applicable health research that is actually used in practice is theoretically and intuitively appealing; however the evidence for it is limited. Our evaluation is designed to capture the processes and impacts of collaborative approaches for implementing research, and therefore should contribute to the evidence base about an increasingly popular (e.g., Mode two, integrated knowledge transfer, interactive research), but poorly understood approach to knowledge translation. Additionally we hope to develop approaches for evaluating implementation processes and impacts particularly with respect to integrated stakeholder involvement. PMID:21771329

2011-01-01

348

Enhancing Human Health Using Space Imagery: Summary of Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space University (ISU) 2002 Summer Session was conducted in Pomona, California, June 29-August 30, 2002. Ninety-nine professionals and students from thirty-one countries attended the Summer Session. More than half of these students participated in the Student Research Design Project entitled, "HI-STAR: Health Improvements through Space Technologies and Resources." ISU's interdisciplinary Student Research Design Projects are intended to have great educational value for the participants and, at the same time, to result in a product that will be useful to the field. The HI-STAR project was a success on both counts. The mission of the ISU students' effort on HI-STAR was to develop and promote a global strategy to help combat malaria using space technology. Like the tiny yet powerful mosquito, HI-STAR is a small program that aspires to make a difference. Timely detection of malaria danger zones is essential to help health authorities and policy makers make decisions about how to manage limited resources for combating malaria. In 2001, the technical support network for prevention and control of malaria epidemics published a study called "Malaria Early Warning Systems: Concepts, Indicators and Partners." This study, funded by Roll Back Malaria, a World Health Organization initiative, offered a framework for a monitoring and early warning system. HI-STAR seeks to build on this proposal and enhance the space elements of the suggested framework. Malaria disease dynamics and distributions are related to environmental variables. From space, environmental conditions that support the growth of mosquito populations can be monitored, Malaria-specific information can be gathered from satellite-borne remote sensing instruments and ground-based sensors. This information can be integrated via geographic information systems (GIS) into a Malaria Information System (MIS) that can provide assessment analyses and risk maps as output. HI-STAR defines and suggests the development of an active MIS as a low-cost tool to help organizations plan their efforts to fight malaria.

Finarelli, Margaret G.

2002-01-01

349

Language Matters: The Supply of and Demand for UK Born and Educated Academic Researchers with Skills in Languages Other Than English. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses concerns that the future of the UK's world class research base might be threatened by the decline in modern language learning and calls for a series of measures by Universities and Government bodies to address this danger. It investigates evidence for the role of language skills in academic research in the humanities and…

Levitt, Ruth; Janta, Barbara; Shehabi, Ala'a; Jones, Daniel; Valentini, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

350

AGB-UVA Symposium on Research and Scholarship on Higher Education [Governance, Trusteeship and the Academic Presidency] (Charlottesville, VA, December 5-6, 1999). Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the proceedings of the 1999 Symposium on Research and Scholarship on Higher Education Governance, Trusteeship, and the Academic Presidency sponsored by the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges and the Curry School of Education at the University of Virginia. The symposium addressed the state of research

Pusser, Brian

2000-01-01

351

UNLV Libraries Strategic Plan: July 2011 through June 2015 The UNLV Libraries will define the new academic research library--bringing people and information together in innovative ways.  

E-print Network

UNLV Libraries Strategic Plan: July 2011 through June 2015 Vision The UNLV Libraries will define the new academic research library--bringing people and information together in innovative ways. As UNLV emerges as a leading urban research institution, the Libraries will pioneer dynamic, user-focused methods

Hemmers, Oliver

352

Frequency Analysis of the Words in the Academic Word List (AWL) and Non-AWL Content Words in Applied Linguistics Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a corpus-based lexical study that aims to explore the use of words in Coxhead's (2000) Academic Word List (AWL) in journal articles in the field of applied linguistics. A 1.5 million-word corpus called the Applied Linguistics Research Articles Corpus (ALC) was created for this study. The corpus consists of 200 research articles that…

Vongpumivitch, Viphavee; Huang, Ju-yu; Chang, Yu-Chia

2009-01-01

353

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

354

Using my ARMADA Research Experience to Enhance Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I am a high school Biology teacher living in Layton, Utah. I was chosen to participate in the 2006 ARMADA Project. This project is funded by the National Science Foundation and administered by the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography. The project focuses on a mentoring experience coupled with a summer scientific research for teachers. I wish to present how I am incorporating the University of Rhode Island training experience and my scientific research field experience into my classroom teaching. My research experience was in the Eastern Tropical Pacific estimating current dolphin populations. Other projects I worked on were sea turtle tagging, squid sampling, fish sampling, whale biopsy, and CTD deployment. The knowledge I gleaned from the University of Rhode Island to incorporate into my classroom came from Roger Williams University aquaculture program. I am presently doing two ongoing projects with my students. We are aquaculturing zebra fish, by using this tool I am able to teach each state directed objective with the hands on experience of raising zebra fish. The second project I am involved with is the Great Salt Lake project. The high school environmental club owns a 26 foot sailboat on the Great Salt Lake. Every Saturday we take 6 students out on the lake and record position, visibility, water temperature, and salinity. We are also sampling brine shrimp and bottom bacteria for wet lab work. This is a new and innovative approach for me to teach Biology. The information and experience I was able to receive over the summer of 2006 has greatly enhanced the way I teach. I would like the opportunity to share my experiences and how I have incorporated them into my classroom. I will use power point to share my strategies and will answer questions on the practical application of these projects in the classroom. My students have grasped these 2 projects and inquiry questions have risen. Global warming and lake temperature are now being paralleled. Food web and habitat are continually discussed and there is an excitement that is refreshing. I do hope to share my experiences with others.

Harris, M.

2006-12-01

355

Academ Academ CreativeAcademWritingAcadem PageAcadem99SonomaAcademStateAcademUniversityAcadem2010-2011AcademCatalog english Department Office  

E-print Network

Pain.AcademHerAcademworkAcademhasAcadembeenAcademanthologizedAcademinAcademoverAcadem20Academ nationalAcademandAcademinternationalAcademanthologies,AcademincludingAcademtheAcademNorton Anthology,AcademandAcademLyric Postmodernisms. Gillian Co- noleyAcademhasAcademtaughtAcadematAcademtheAcadem

Ravikumar, B.

356

Enhancing International Collaboration among Academic Developers in Established and Emerging Contexts: Moving toward a Post-Colonial Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the acceleration of globalization, academic developers from institutions and countries with established educational development programs and networks are called upon increasingly to share their expertise and offer guidance to colleagues in emerging higher education contexts. Based on a higher education conference held in Beijing in 2009, this…

Lee, Virginia S.; DeZure, Deborah; Debowski, Shelda; Ho, Angela; Li, Kang

2013-01-01

357

Rutgers Marketing Research Insights and Analytics Flex MBA goes beyond training marketing research analysts. The unique program connects academics and  

E-print Network

Rutgers Marketing Research Insights and Analytics Flex MBA goes beyond training marketing research professionals who can fully utilize analytical insights gained from marketing research and shape business decisions in challenging environments. Market Research One of the Top Jobs in America Marketing intelligence

Lin, Xiaodong

358

Rutgers Marketing Research Insights and Analytics Flex MBA goes beyond training marketing research analysts. The unique program connects academics and  

E-print Network

Rutgers Marketing Research Insights and Analytics Flex MBA goes beyond training marketing research professionals who can fully utilize analytical insights gained from marketing research, and shape business decisions in challenging environments. Market Research One of the Top Jobs in America Marketing intelligence

Lin, Xiaodong

359

Sex- and Gender-specific Research Priorities in Cardiovascular Resuscitation: Proceedings from the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference Cardiovascular Resuscitation Research Workgroup.  

PubMed

Significant sex and gender differences in both physiology and psychology are readily acknowledged between men and women; however, data are lacking regarding differences in their responses to injury and treatment and in their ultimate recovery and survival. These variations remain particularly poorly defined within the field of cardiovascular resuscitation. A better understanding of the interaction between these important factors may soon allow us to dramatically improve outcomes in disease processes that currently carry a dismal prognosis, such as sudden cardiac arrest. As part of the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference "Gender-Specific Research in Emergency Medicine: Investigate, Understand, and Translate How Gender Affects Patient Outcomes," our group sought to identify key research questions and knowledge gaps pertaining to both sex and gender in cardiac resuscitation that could be answered in the near future to inform our understanding of these important issues. We combined a monthly teleconference meeting of interdisciplinary stakeholders from largely academic institutions with a focused interest in cardiovascular outcomes research, an extensive review of the existing literature, and an open breakout session discussion on the recommendations at the consensus conference to establish a prioritization of the knowledge gaps and relevant research questions in this area. We identified six priority research areas: 1) out-of-hospital cardiac arrest epidemiology and outcome, 2) customized resuscitation drugs, 3) treatment role for sex steroids, 4) targeted temperature management and hypothermia, 5) withdrawal of care after cardiac arrest, and 6) cardiopulmonary resuscitation training and implementation. We believe that exploring these key topics and identifying relevant questions may directly lead to improved understanding of sex- and gender-specific issues seen in cardiac resuscitation and ultimately improved patient outcomes. PMID:25491706

Wigginton, Jane G; Perman, Sarah M; Barr, Gavin C; McGregor, Alyson J; Miller, Andrew C; Napoli, Anthony F; Safdar, Basmah; Weaver, Kevin R; Deutsch, Steven; Kayea, Tami; Becker, Lance

2014-12-01

360

Exploring Collaboration between Academic and Student Affairs with a Focus on Institutional Mission, Structure, Processes, and Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on collaboration between academic and student affairs in higher education suggests that student affairs must change to enhance outcomes of collaborative efforts. The purpose of this case study was to investigate perspectives of both academic and student affairs professionals within the context of a campus on which collaborations occur…

Zummo, Janice

2012-01-01

361

Target Areas for Enhanced Research Funding and Milestones toward an Improved National Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of institutional research, particularly at New Jersey's research universities, is critical to the competitiveness of both the institutions and the state. Strategic efforts to enhance the quality of research, expand the boundaries of knowledge, and increase the amount of research funding for colleges and universities in the state are…

New Jersey Commission on Higher Education, 2005

2005-01-01

362

[Productivity and academic assessment in the Brazilian public health field: challenges for Human and Social Sciences research].  

PubMed

This article analyzes some challenges for knowledge output in the human and social sciences in the public health field, under the current academic assessment model in Brazil. The article focuses on the qualitative research approach in human and social sciences, analyzing its status in comparison to the other traditions vying for hegemony in the public health field, conjugating the dialogue with the literature, especially the propositions pertaining to the social fields present in the work of Pierre Bourdieu, with elements concerning the field's dynamics, including some empirical data. Challenges identified in the article include hurdles to interdisciplinary dialogue and equity in the production of knowledge, based on recognition of the founding place of human and social sciences in the public health field. The article discusses strategies to reshape the current correlation of forces among centers of knowledge in public health, especially those capable of impacting the committees and agendas that define the accumulation of symbolic and economic capital in the field. PMID:23288072

Bosi, Maria Lúcia Magalhăes

2012-12-01

363

Inside, outside, Upside Down: The Fluidity of Academic Researcher "Identity" in Working with/in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational researchers are concerned about the ways in which researcher identity can influence practice and findings for better or worse effect. However, writings which offer narratives, intended to instruct others in the ways in which the positioning and reflexivity of the researcher operates for better or worse, often present a view of identity…

Thomson, Pat; Gunter, Helen

2011-01-01

364

Research Commentary. Establishing Mathematics Education as an Academic Field: A Constructive Odyssey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leslie Steffe, among the foremost mathematics education researchers in the world, has had a profound influence on three generations of researchers. In 2006, he received the first-ever Senior Scholar Award from the AERA Special Interest Group: Research in Mathematics for the excellence and seminal nature of his work. Steffe shares his thoughts…

Steffe, Leslie P.

2013-01-01

365

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

366

Researching Early Schooling: Poststructural Practices and Academic Writing in an Ethnography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers some poststructuralist possibilities in researching everyday happenings at a primary school. Presents research methodologies from feminist theories that insist on a lack of traditional authority and seek the dislocation of mastery. Illustrates ethnography, data gathering, deconstructions, and research descriptions, as well as presenting…

Rhedding-Jones, Jeanette

1996-01-01

367

44 Academic Regulations Academic Regulations  

E-print Network

. Because students are responsible themselves for meeting academic goals and requirements, they are urged with their advisors to discuss academic, personal and professional goals; to review the academic regulations44 · Academic Regulations Academic Regulations The Honor System Among the most significant

Shaw, Leah B.

368

Northeast Regional Research Center: Information Technology for Enhanced Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Advanced Research and Development Activity (ARDA) 1 established the Northeast Regional Research Center (NRRC) to engage the best regional talent to create solutions to some of the most vexing challenges facing analysts today. Central to this new research model is a series of challenge workshops addressed by collaborative teams across industry, academia, and government. Workshops have made novel contributions

Mark T. Maybury

369

S Bitar/Academic Registry/ Version (4) April 2013 ACADEMIC REGISTRY  

E-print Network

S Bitar/Academic Registry/ Version (4) April 2013 ACADEMIC REGISTRY Guidelines for Research Oral to the best of his/her ability; #12;S Bitar/Academic Registry/ Version (4) April 2013 (e) make it clear

Painter, Kevin

370

Incorporating the Notion of Recontextualisation in Academic Literacies Research: The Case of a South African Vocational Web Design and Development Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a small scale ethnographically oriented research study seeking to contribute to understanding student academic literacy practices in a South African vocational, web design and development course. In this course digital multimodal assessments are the main means whereby students demonstrate their learning. The findings of the…

Coleman, Lynn

2012-01-01

371

Excellence in all areas personifies UF. From our academic rankings, research figures, athletic championships to our national and international reach, our commitment to  

E-print Network

. The places you'll visit today have one thing in common: Each reflects our core commitments to excellence of UF life and form the core of the uni- versity's educational outreach to the community. It is a valuedExcellence in all areas personifies UF. From our academic rankings, research figures, athletic

Roy, Subrata

372

The Impact of Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Organizational Climate on the Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Research-Intensive Universities in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on academics in research-intensive universities in the UK and explores their perceptions of organizational climate, role conflict, role ambiguity and job satisfaction. The findings suggest that the universities have multiple organizational climates. Three organizational climate types -- the Clan, the Hierarchy and the Adhocracy…

Schulz, John

2013-01-01

373

The Impact of Shadow Education on Student Academic Achievement: Why the Research Is Inconclusive and What Can Be Done about It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent decades have brought global expansion of private supplementary tutoring, widely known as shadow education. Such tutoring consumes considerable resources and is usually viewed by participating households as an investment that will increase the recipients' academic achievements. However, research on the effectiveness of tutoring has…

Bray, Mark

2014-01-01

374

Academic Governance Provided by Academic Boards within the Australian Higher Education Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic boards play a key role in the maintenance of quality standards and the provision of strategic leadership on academic issues. The current research investigated the role provided at present to Australian universities through their academic boards. All universities described their academic boards as their principal academic body. The…

Vilkinas, Tricia; Peters, Margaret

2014-01-01

375

Endowed Faculty Chairs, Academic  

E-print Network

Endowed Faculty Chairs, Academic Centers, Programs, Institutes; Student Scholarships, Hardships; Fellowships; Awards; and Research Funds #12;504 Graduate Catalogue 2013­14 Endowed Faculty Chairs, Academic Endowed Faculty Chairs Faculty of Medicine Raja N. Khuri Deanship for the Faculty of Medicine: Sayegh

Shihadeh, Alan

376

Ethics and academic integrity.  

PubMed

Academics from across the globe must navigate ever-increasing demands for research, practice, and educational productivity. With the increased demands, nurse faculty must choose value priorities and actions that reflect academic integrity. What does it mean to choose actions that reflect personal integrity in the academic arena? This article begins an important nursing philosophical and theoretical discussion that members and future members of the discipline of nursing must reflect upon and grapple with as they consider what it potentially means to act with straight thinking and integrity in academics. PMID:25520458

Milton, Constance L

2015-01-01

377

IcelandTravelandStudyAward The Iceland Travel and Study Award was created to reward academic achievement and to encourage and support student research about and/or research-related travel  

E-print Network

IcelandTravelandStudyAward The Iceland Travel and Study Award was created to reward academic achievement and to encourage and support student research about and/or research-related travel to Iceland. There will be one award valued at $2,000 for 2014-2015. The Iceland Travel and Study Award is open to undergraduate

Peak, Derek

378

Rural community-academic partnership model for community engagement and partnered research | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Numerous studies were undertaken by the partnership including surveys of attitudes and barriers to clinical trial participation, access to trials, biobanking issues, and patient navigation performed by community health workers for cancer screening. The partnership conducted formative research in the rural communities on the topic of biospecimen donation. Findings indicated that informed consent preferences and privacy concerns were significant factors related to distrust of researchers who do research with biospecimens, especially when the specimens are stored for future use in genetics studies.

379

Reconfiguring the Role of the Research Paper: Collaborative Writing To Teach Basic Academic Research and Writing Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year that the author of this paper, an English instructor at Moorhead College (Minnesota), teaches the first-year "research paper," one instructor turns more and more to collaborative writing work. And she admits that some of her motives in reshaping the research paper in collaborative ways can seem to be based in assisting herself as a…

Fleming, Michelle M.

380

Changing Research Perspectives on the Management of Higher Education: Can Research Permeate the Activities of Manager-Academics?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper considers whether, and if so how, research evidence can permeate the world of higher education (HE) management in publicly funded institutions. The paper explores the author's experience of two recent research projects (1998-2000 and 2004) on aspects of managing UK HE institutions and issues arising from the preparation of the HE element…

Deem, Rosemary

2006-01-01

381

Outlining Purposes, Stating the Nature of the Present Research, and Listing Research Questions or Hypotheses in Academic Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Driving research questions from the prevailing issues and interests and developing from them new theories, formulas, algorithms, methods, and designs, and linking them to the interests of the larger audience is a vital component of scientific research papers. The present article discusses outlining purposes or stating the nature of the present…

Shehzad, Wasima

2011-01-01

382

Strategies To Enhance Memory Based on Brain-Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the literature on three aspects of memory: (1) an information processing model of memory (including the sensory register, attention, short-term memory, and long-term memory); (2) instructional strategies designed to enhance memory (which stress gaining students' attention and active involvement); and (3) reasons why…

Banikowski, Alison K.; Mehring, Teresa A.

1999-01-01

383

ACADEMIC RESEARCH: A HIGH-COST, LOW-BENEFITS BUSINESS Denis Besnard & Lindsay Marshall  

E-print Network

of the research, and poor societal usefulness have become common in the world of modern science. 1.1 Cheats-funded research is doing. Indeed, even in highly visible areas such as medical sciences, a number of drifts society's needs. This situation has given rise to a number of absurdities which undermine the usefulness

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

384

University at Buffalo SBSIRB Policy on Academic Exercises Designed for Teaching Students Research Techniques  

E-print Network

want to focus on compelling or real-life issues. In the process of reviewing student research, however for dissemination beyond the institutional setting (e.g., program evaluation research for internal use does but are not limited to: 1. Sex or Sexuality 2. Death including suicide 3. Drug use of any type 4. Drinking alcoholic

Krovi, Venkat

385

Do Academics and Practitioners agree on What and How to Teach the Undergraduate Marketing Research Course?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was undertaken with executives from marketing research firms and marketing faculty who teach the under-graduate research course. Each group was asked comparable questions about desired course delivery methods, course content, and statistical coverage. Several significant gaps were found between the two groups but none larger than the perception of which statistical methods should be taught in the undergraduate

Bruce L. Stern; L. P. Douglas Tseng

2002-01-01

386

The Electronic Academic Library: Undergraduate Research Behavior in a Library Without Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines undergraduate students' research habits in a strictly electronic library environment at a large public university. Unlike most information commons, the campus' electronic library is not housed within a traditional library space and provides access to electronic research materials exclusively. This study finds that undergraduate students in this electronic library rely primarily on Internet sites and online instruction

Anna M. Van Scoyoc; Caroline Cason

2006-01-01

387

Sex Offenders with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Academic Observers: Popular Methodologies and Research Interests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Over the past two decades, disability activists and scholars have developed research paradigms that aim to place (some of the) control over the research process in the hands of disabled people. This paper discusses the appropriateness of applying such paradigms to sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID). It exposes to what…

Hollomotz, A.

2014-01-01

388

The Impact of VA's Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Centers on Academic Affiliates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education mission of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is to train health professionals to benefit VA and the United States. One approach for achieving that mission, along with VA's research and clinical missions, was the establishment of Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Centers (GRECCs) in 1975. These were developed at VA…

Bragg, Elizabeth J.; Meganathan, Karthikeyan; Shay, Kenneth; Gilman, Stuart C.; Zeiss, Robert A.; Hettler, Debbie L.

2011-01-01

389

Improving academic achievement and motivation through online peer learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The motivation to engage students has been a challenge in teaching and learning statistics. This study investigates the effectiveness of online peer learning in enhancing students’ academic achievement and promoting their motivation. The researcher employed a quasi-nonequivalent (pre- and posttest) control group design to investigate the effectiveness of online peer learning. The participants in this study involved a total of

Rafiza Abdul Razak; Yee Chen See

2010-01-01

390

Using Technology to Enhance Qualitative Research with Hidden Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advances in technology provide researchers with increased opportunities to locate and conduct research with populations that have historically been inaccessible. This manuscript describes the development of private, voluntary web-based groups, and the process for using web cameras to conduct individual web-based interviews as a method of data…

Matthews, John; Cramer, Elizabeth P.

2008-01-01

391

Healthy Families America: Using Research to Enhance Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Healthy Families America (HFA) initiative seeks to expand the availability of high-quality, intensive home visitation services and to create communitywide com- mitments to these services and others that promote a supportive atmosphere for all new parents. This article briefly describes HFA's theoretical framework, its history, and its current status. The HFA Research Network, a partnership among researchers who are

Deborah A. Daro; Kathryn A. Harding

1999-01-01

392

Enhancing Undergraduate Teaching and Research with a "Drosophila" Virginizing System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory exercises using "Drosophila" crosses are an effective pedagogical method to complement traditional lecture and textbook presentations of genetics. Undergraduate thesis research is another common setting for using "Drosophila." A significant barrier to using "Drosophila" for undergraduate teaching or research is the time and skill…

Venema, Dennis R.

2006-01-01

393

PresidentPresident''s Task Force on Athletics and Academicss Task Force on Athletics and Academics Enhancing Excellence inEnhancing Excellence in  

E-print Network

intramurals, athletics, and sportsEnhanced intramurals, athletics, and sports will promote:will promote, and sports will promote:will promote: strong links tostrong links to teaching and researchteachingEnhanced intramurals, athletics, and sports will promote:will promote: physical activityphysical activity opportunities

Martin, Jeff

394

Strategic environmental assessment for sustainability: A review of a decade of academic research  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the strategic environmental assessment (SEA)–sustainability relationship over the past decade, from 2000 to 2010, focusing in particular on the incorporation of sustainability in SEA. A total of 86 papers from the academic literature containing the terms ‘sustainability’ or ‘sustainable development’ and ‘strategic environmental assessment’ were identified and reviewed. Several common themes emerged by which SEA can support sustainability, including providing a framework to support decision making for sustainability; setting sustainability objectives, ensuring the consideration of ‘more sustainable’ alternatives, and integrating sustainability criteria in PPP development; and promoting sustainability outcomes through tiering and institutional learning. At the same time, our review identified many underlying barriers that challenge SEA for sustainability, including the variable interpretations of the scope of sustainability in SEA; the limited use of assessment criteria directly linked to sustainability objectives; and challenges for decision-makers in operationalizing sustainability in SEA and adapting PPP development decision-making processes to include sustainability issues. To advance SEA for sustainability there is a need to better define the scope of sustainability in SEA; clarify how to operationalize the different approaches to sustainability in SEA, as opposed to simply describing those approaches; provide guidance on how to operationalize broad sustainability goals through assessment criteria in SEA; and understand better how to facilitate institutional learning regarding sustainability through SEA application. -- Highlights: ? There is significant potential for SEA to support sustainability in PPP development. ? However, there are still many barriers in place that challenge SEA for sustainability. ? The scope and approaches to sustainability in SEA must be better defined and described. ? Guidance is needed to link impact assessment criteria to sustainability objectives. ? Focus on how to facilitate institutional learning regarding sustainability is required.

White, Lisa, E-mail: lisa.white@usask.ca [School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A5 (Canada)] [School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A5 (Canada); Noble, Bram F., E-mail: b.noble@usask.ca [Department of Geography and Planning, School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A5 (Canada)

2013-09-15

395

Creating a Community of Support for Graduate Students and Early Career Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on strategies for enhancing the preparation of geographers moving into academic careers. Based on research and experience gained from the Geography Faculty Development Alliance and Enhancing Departments and Graduate Education in geography projects, several suggestions for improved practice are detailed. These move beyond…

Foote, Kenneth E.

2010-01-01

396

Enhancing Research Ethics Review Systems in Egypt: The Focus of an International Training Program Informed by an Ecological Developmental Approach to Enhancing Research Ethics Capacity.  

PubMed

Recently, training programs in research ethics have been established to enhance individual and institutional capacity in research ethics in the developing world. However, commentators have expressed concern that the efforts of these training programs have placed 'too great an emphasis on guidelines and research ethics review', which will have limited effect on ensuring ethical conduct in research. What is needed instead is a culture of ethical conduct supported by national and institutional commitment to ethical practices that are reinforced by upstream enabling conditions (strong civil society, public accountability, and trust in basic transactional processes), which are in turn influenced by developmental conditions (basic freedoms of political freedoms, economic facilities, social opportunities, transparency guarantees, and protective security). Examining this more inclusive understanding of the determinants of ethical conduct enhances at once both an appreciation of the limitations of current efforts of training programs in research ethics and an understanding of what additional training elements are needed to enable trainees to facilitate national and institutional policy changes that enhance research practices. We apply this developmental model to a training program focused in Egypt to describe examples of such additional training activities. PMID:24894063

Edwards, Hillary Anne; Hifnawy, Tamer; Silverman, Henry

2014-06-01

397

Academic Hospitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic hospitality is a feature of academic life. It takes many forms. It takes material form in the hosting of academics giving papers. It takes epistemological form in the welcome of new ideas. It takes linguistic form in the translation of academic work into other languages, and it takes touristic form through the welcome and generosity with…

Phipps, Alison; Barnett, Ronald

2007-01-01

398

Enhancing research capacity of African institutions through social networking.  

PubMed

Traditionally, participation of African researchers in top Biomedical Informatics (BMI) scientific journals and conferences has been scarce. Looking beyond these numbers, an educational goal should be to improve overall research and, therefore, to increase the number of scientists/authors able to produce and publish high quality research. In such scenario, we are carrying out various efforts to expand the capacities of various institutions located at four African countries - Egypt, Ghana, Cameroon and Mali - in the framework of a European Commission-funded project, AFRICA BUILD. This project is currently carrying out activities such as e-learning, collaborative development of informatics tools, mobility of researchers, various pilot projects, and others. Our main objective is to create a self-sustained South-South network of BMI developers. PMID:23920873

Jimenez-Castellanos, Ana; Ramirez-Robles, Maximo; Shousha, Amany; Bagayoko, Cheick Oumar; Perrin, Caroline; Zolfo, Maria; Cuzin, Asa; Roland, Alima; Aryeetey, Richmond; Maojo, Victor

2013-01-01

399

Adventures in Semantic Publishing: Exemplar Semantic Enhancements of a Research Article  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have

David Shotton; Katie Portwin; Graham Klyne; Alistair Miles

2009-01-01

400

Research Papers Steroid-dependent auditory plasticity for the enhancement of acoustic  

E-print Network

Research Papers Steroid-dependent auditory plasticity for the enhancement of acoustic communication (Porichthys notatus) has become an excellent model for identifying neural mechanisms of auditory perception strong evidence for the steroid-dependent modulation of hearing sensitivity that leads to enhanced

Sisneros, Joseph A.

401

Introduction: new tools for enhancing collaborative endometriosis research.  

PubMed

This issue of Fertility and Sterility contains four articles by the World Endometriosis Research Foundation whose present objective is global standardization of the collection of phenotypic data and biological samples, designated as the Endometriosis Phenome and Biobanking Harmonisation Project. The aim is to facilitate large-scale international, multicenter trials that are robust, and will result in biomarker and treatment targets to advance research in endometriosis. PMID:25154678

Casper, Robert F

2014-11-01

402

A Capacity Building Program to Promote CBPR Partnerships Between Academic Researchers and Community Members  

PubMed Central

Introduction Community-based participatory research (CBPR) adds community perspectives to research and aids translational research aims. There is a need for increased capacity in CBPR but few models exist for how to support the development of community/university partnerships Objective Evaluate an approach to promote nascent CBPR partnerships. Methods Design was a mixed-methods evaluation utilizing interviews, process notes, and open and closed ended survey questions. We trained ten community scholars, matched them with prepared researchers to form seven partnerships, and supported their developing partnerships. Sequential mixed-methods analysis assessed research and partnership processes and identified integrated themes. Results Four of seven partnerships were funded within 15 months; all self-reported their partnerships as successful. Themes were: 1) Motivators contributed to partnership development and resiliency; 2) Partners took on responsibilities that utilized individuals' strengths; 3) Partners grappled with communication, decision-making, and power-dynamics; and 4) Community-university infrastructure was essential to partnership development. Conclusions This program for developing nascent partnerships between academicians and community members may guide others in increasing capacity for CBPR. PMID:22212224

Allen, Michele L.; Culhane-Pera, Kathleen A.; Pergament, Shannon; Call, Kathleen Thiede

2015-01-01

403

An Academic-Public Health Department Partnership for Education, Research, Practice, and Governance  

PubMed Central

Public health departments and medical schools are often disconnected, yet each has much to offer the other. There are 4 areas in which the 2 entities can partner; in Atlanta, Georgia, the Morehouse School of Medicine (particularly its Prevention Research Center or PRC) and the Fulton County Department of Health and Wellness have demonstrated partnership in each area. With respect to teaching, the 2 have collaborated on clerkships for medical students and rotations for preventive medicine residents. In research, Morehouse faculty and health department staff have worked together on projects. In service, the 2 entities have been able to put into practice interventions developed through their joint research efforts. In governance, the health department has a representative on the PRC board, while the PRC principal investigator serves on the Fulton County Board of Health. Benefits have accrued to both entities and to the communities that they serve. PMID:24667192

Akintobi, Tabia Henry; Dawood, Nazeera; Blumenthal, Daniel S.

2015-01-01

404

Enhancing Memory with Redundant Labels  

Microsoft Academic Search

DESPITE nearly a century of active research into memory, the academic psychologist is singularly ill equipped to offer good advice when asked how to enhance memory. He can only point to the apparent efficacy of techniques developed by informal study since the ancient Greeks first expounded the ``art of memory''1. These techniques were rejected as irrelevant gimmickry by the early

H. C. A. Dale; Alex McGlaughlin

1970-01-01

405

Our Mission The Office of Research exists to foster an academic environment in which MU's research, instruction,  

E-print Network

of interdisciplinary work and trust is extraordinary, with the life sciences particularly well organized and the new resources. Despite a flourishing interdisciplinary culture, relatively few large, interdisciplinary grant a tendency to see research and education as competing functions rather than inte- grated activities

Noble, James S.

406

Academic Advising Center Academic Advising Interaction Form  

E-print Network

):____________________________________ Other: ___________________________________________ Academic Goals: Occupational EndorsementAcademic Advising Center Academic Advising Interaction Form Student Name: ______________________________________ UAF ID:#______________________________ AAC Academic Advisor:______________________________ Date

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

407

Using Pedestrian Choice Research to Facilitate Resource Engagement in a Midsized Academic Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For a 1-year period, visitors to the Nelson Poynter Memorial Library, University of South Florida St. Petersburg were observed regarding how they negotiated through the first floor and interacted with the library resources and educational displays. Pedestrian choice research was applied to the library to better understand visitor movement and…

van Beynen, Kaya; Pettijohn, Patricia; Carrel, Marcy

2010-01-01

408

Duane Webster's Contribution to Organization Development in Academic and Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Duane Webster is a visionary leader who, throughout his career, has had a significant impact on the improvement of libraries and librarianship. His work to establish the Association of Research Library's (ARL) Office of Management Studies (OMS) and its several organizational improvement programs laid the foundation for organization development in…

Sullivan, Maureen

2009-01-01

409

Designing a Qualitative Research for Evaluation of English for Academic Purposes Activity in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based teacher education provides new knowledge within the knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation. Communicative competence is of the greatest importance which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission, 2004). The successful…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

410

The Reference Desk Survey: A Management Tool in an Academic Research Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a survey of the level of reference service requested at service points conducted at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University indicate that, while 20.5 percent of 14,026 questions recorded fall in the reference category, only 0.7 percent required research by professional librarians. Models of reference desk service and…

Kok, Victoria T.; Pierce, Anton B.

1982-01-01

411

Evaluating the Efficiency of Research in Academic Departments: An Empirical Analysis in an Italian Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the efficiency of university departments in science, technology and medicine in an Italian Region (Lombardy). The aim of the paper is twofold: (i) to analyse the changes in productivity in recent years (from 2004 and 2007); and (ii) to detect factors that are potentially affecting efficiency. The research benefited from a…

Agasisti, Tommaso; Dal Bianco, Antonio; Landoni, Paolo; Sala, Alessandro; Salerno, Mario

2011-01-01

412

When Somebody's Watching: Researching the Workplace Impact of Academic Audit. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proposed quality assurance framework for higher education in Australia will, for the first time since the early 1990s, introduce a process of external quality monitoring through the auspices of the Australian Universities Quality Agency. There is little research that evaluates the impact of external monitoring on the experiences of staff,…

Palermo, Josephine

413

The Impact of Electronic Resources on Serial Cancellations and Remote Storage Decisions in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, serial cancellations and storage decisions focused primarily on print resources. With the addition of electronic resources, librarians in large research institutions must now manage an integrated collection of both print and electronic formats. Explores the impact of electronic resources on decision decisions. Identifies criteria for…

Jaguszewski, Janice M.; Probst, Laura K.

2000-01-01

414

Identity: A Complex Structure for Researching Students' Academic Behavior in Science and Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a response to Pike and Dunne's research. The focus of their analysis is on reflections of studying science post-16. Pike and Dunne draw attention to under enrollments in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, in particular, in the field of physics, chemistry and biology in the United Kingdom. We provide an…

Aydeniz, Mehmet; Hodge, Lynn Liao

2011-01-01

415

Academic and/or Company Research? ...Or how should Universities take the  

E-print Network

energy from renewable and sustainable sources Rice does not conduct research across the entire spectrum Energy Health Urban Sustainability Technology Problem Rice Energy Health Urban Sustainability #12;Energy Rice Energy Vision "Building the bridge to a sustainable, affordable and secure energy future

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

416

Improved Vocational, Technical and Academic Opportunities for Deaf People: Research Component. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 5-year project is planned to increase opportunities for the deaf by using existing vocational and technical schools and junior colleges customarily serving the hearing. Its pilot planning phase developed guidelines for program establishment and administration and a research plan for program evaluation and improvement. Preparatory meetings and…

Craig, William N.; Burrows, Nona L.

417

Argumentative and Trustworthy Scholars: The Construction of Academic Staff at Research-Intensive Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research-intensive universities, such as the Russell Group in the UK, the Ivy League Colleges in the USA and the Sandstone Universities in Australia, enjoy particular status in the higher education landscape. They are, however, also often associated with social elitism and selectivity, and this has led to critique as higher education systems seek…

McKenna, Sioux; Boughey, Chrissie

2014-01-01

418

Academic and Psychosocial Effects of Relaxation Training on Rural Preadolescents. Research Bulletin No. 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preadolescents are faced with a variety of pressures, but usually receive little help in stress management from the school. To examine the effects of relaxation training on rural middle school students (N = 532), researchers implemented a daily 15-minute program of relaxation training exercises on aduio tapes in the regular classroom setting. The…

Matthews, Doris B.

419

Academic Benefits of Peer Tutoring: A Meta-Analytic Review of Single-Case Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer tutoring is an instructional strategy that involves students helping each other learn content through repetition of key concepts. This meta-analysis examined effects of peer tutoring across 26 single-case research experiments for 938 students in Grades 1-12. The TauU effect size for 195 phase contrasts was 0.75 with a confidence interval of…

Bowman-Perrott, Lisa; Davis, Heather; Vannest, Kimberly; Williams, Lauren; Greenwood, Charles; Parker, Richard

2013-01-01

420

Archimedes, reading, and the sustenance of academic research culture in library instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure, reflection, and creativity have sustained a culture of research and scholarship throughout much of academia’s history. This article argues that these cultural elements should be introduced to the present generation of undergraduates and contends that “deep” reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements.

Amanda Cain

2002-01-01

421

A Preliminary Research on Middle School Students' Academic Subjective Well-Being and Its Major Influential Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is conducted with self-developed questionnaire on 910 middle school students, aimed at describing middle school students' academic subjective well-being and exploring its influential factors. Results show that (1) Academic subjective well-being of middle school students is generally low and there exist differences in different schools…

Liu, Dianzhi; Zhang, Ronghua

2006-01-01

422

Hard Labour? Academic Work and the Changing Landscape of Higher Education. International Perspectives on Higher Education Research. Volume 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written across a period of intense turmoil and change in higher education in Australia and England. The authors are deeply unsettled by these changes and wish to open up the discussion about what it means to be an academic and engage in academic work in the 21st century. Accordingly, each of the authors has nominated a theme or lens…

Fitzgerald, Tanya, Ed.; White, Julie, Ed.; Gunter, Helen M., Ed.

2012-01-01

423

Assessment and Improvement of the Academic Skills of Entering Freshmen: A National Survey. Research Monograph Series No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire survey of all colleges and universities in the United States, to which 1,269 institutions (45%) responded, yielded findings about the academic preparation of incoming undergraduate students and the ways in which their deficiencies are being remediated. First, 85 percent of the responding institutions perceive poor academic

Lederman, Marie Jean; And Others

424

What Made Berkeley Great? The Sources of Berkeley's Sustained Academic Excellence. Research & Occasional Paper Series CSHE.3.11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University of California (UC) Berkeley's chief academic officer explores the historical sources of Berkeley' academic excellence. He identifies five key factors: (1) wealth from many sources; (2) supportive and skilled governors; (3) leadership from key UC presidents; (4) the pioneering ethos within the State of California; and (5) a process of…

Breslauer, George W.

2011-01-01

425

Academic Libraries and the Semantic Web: What the Future May Hold for Research-Supporting Library Catalogues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how future metadata capabilities could enable academic libraries to exploit information on the emerging Semantic Web in their library catalogues. Whereas current metadata architectures treat the Web as a simple means of interchanging bibliographic data that have been created by libraries, this paper suggests that academic

Campbell, D. Grant; Fast, Karl V.

2004-01-01

426

Enhancing Teaching and Learning: How Cognitive Research Can Help  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pedagogical considerations should be guided by empirical, brain-based research on the human information processing system. People build and organize knowledge into a network-like system that connects related information. As learning occurs, learners expand the network to accommodate new information. Instructional strategies can be used to maximize…

Bowman, Margo; Frame, Debra L.; Kennette, Lynne N.

2013-01-01

427

Enhancing Student Learning with Brain-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses brain-based learning and its relation to classroom instruction. A rapidly growing quantity of research currently exists regarding how the brain perceives, processes, and ultimately learns new information. In order to maximize their teaching efficacy, educators should have a basic understanding of key memory functions in the…

Bonnema, Ted R.

2009-01-01

428

Technology-Enhanced Research in the Science Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project where students use the Internet as a research tool. Discusses using e-mail to access molecular biology databases and identify proteins using amino acid sequences, obtaining complete amino acid sequences using the world wide web, using telnet to access library resources on the Internet, and various stages of protein analysis…

Francis, Joseph W.

1997-01-01

429

Energy conservation through enhanced traffic signal responsiveness. Research report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional traffic system management objectives are based on operational efficiency, including capacity, delay reduction, and safety. A new fuel consumption model called the Analytical Fuel Consumption Model is proposed in this research based on queuing model concepts and different vehicle operational states. The model, aiming to include the impact of traffic characteristics, fuel consumption rates, and control variables, includes different

T. Y. Liao; R. B. Machemehl

1995-01-01

430

EU-China Environment Research: Enhancing collaboration through SPRING  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are huge challenges in both known and potential environmental problems in China and EU. Local geographical and climate conditions vary significantly across the two regions. For example the distribution of water resources is spatially and temporally uneven and often leads to water shortages in some areas, and flooding in others. In addition there is a sharp drop in mineral, oil and gas resources, as well as an increase in the living standard, which is a challenge for sustainable development. China's economy is still growing fast, placing an increased burden on the environment. The EU's economy is more developed with a rich experience in dealing with environmental problems in a fast growing economy. Therefore, it is mutually beneficial for the two sides to collaborate in environmental research. The FP7 funded SPRING project is intended to facilitate better EU-China environmental research cooperation and to create a long-term environment vision with clearly identifiable pathways for the two partners to work together. The project team is composed of five EU partners and five Chinese partners with expertise in water, soil, air, climate change and biodiversity. The project runs from March 2010-Feburary 2013. SPRING has taken a multi-level approach to achieving this, developing foresight and road-mapping studies to manage long term aims and facilitate increased cooperation and exchange for researchers, policy and decision makers and funding bodies. The outcomes of the project include detailed technology survey, success scenario analysis and EU-Horizon research road map with a focus on the research needs between EU and China in the next twenty years.

Bray, Michaela; Han, Dawei

2013-04-01

431

Silica sol-gel encapsulation of cyanobacteria: lessons for academic and applied research.  

PubMed

Cyanobacteria inhabit nearly every ecosystem on earth, play a vital role in nutrient cycling, and are useful as model organisms for fundamental research in photosynthesis and carbon and nitrogen fixation. In addition, they are important for several established biotechnologies for producing food additives, nutritional and pharmaceutical compounds, and pigments, as well as emerging biotechnologies for biofuels and other products. Encapsulation of living cyanobacteria into a porous silica gel matrix is a recent approach that may dramatically improve the efficiency of certain production processes by retaining the biomass within the reactor and modifying cellular metabolism in helpful ways. Although encapsulation has been explored empirically in the last two decades for a variety of cell types, many challenges remain to achieving optimal encapsulation of cyanobacteria in silica gel. Recent evidence with Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, for example, suggests that several unknown or uncharacterized proteins are dramatically upregulated as a result of encapsulation. Also, additives commonly used to ease stresses of encapsulating living cells, such as glycerol, have detrimental impacts on photosynthesis in cyanobacteria. This mini-review is intended to address the current status of research on silica sol-gel encapsulation of cyanobacteria and research areas that may further the development of this approach for biotechnology applications. PMID:23321911

Dickson, David J; Ely, Roger L

2013-03-01

432

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. Final report, Annex 5  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. An order of magnitude analysis indicated that selective plugging and the production of biosurfactants are the two most likely mechanisms for the mobilization of oil in microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). The latter, biosurfactant production, is easier to control within a reservoir environment and was investigated in some detail. An extensive literature survey indicated that the bacterium Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 produces a very effective surface active agent capable of increasing the capillary number to values sufficiently low for oil mobilization. In addition, earlier studies had shown that growth of this bacterium and biosurfactant production occur under conditions that are typically encountered in MEOR, namely temperatures up to 55{degrees}C, lack of oxygen and salinities of up to 10% w/v. The chemical structure of the surfactant, its interfacial properties and its production by fermentation were characterized in some detail. In parallel, a set of experiments as conducted to measure the transport of Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 in sandpacks. It was shown that the determining parameters for cell transport in porous media are: cell size and degree of coagulation, presence of dispersants, injection velocity and cell concentration. The mechanisms of bacteria retention within the pores of the reservoir were analyzed based on heuristic arguments. A mathematical simulator of MEOR was developed using conservation equations in which the mechanisms of bacteria retention and the growth kinetics of the cells were incorporated. The predictions of the model agreed reasonably well with experimental results.

Sharma, M.M.; Gerogiou, G.

1993-07-01

433

Enhancing adherence in clinical research. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Recruitment strategies can promote adherence in efficacy trials by (1) identifying potential subjects who are most likely to cooperate and (2) screening out those who are at risk for noncompliance or enlisting them in adherence-promoting interventions. This approach means that research team members who are responsible for recruitment must balance their desire to enroll as many subjects as possible with the need to maintain adherence at levels that preserve study validity.

434

Strengthening and preparing: Enhancing nursing research for disaster management.  

PubMed

Nurses are often first line responders in a large scale emergency or disaster. This paper reports an evaluative study of a tailored research capacity building course for nurse delegates from the Asia Pacific Emergency and Disaster Nursing Network (APEDNN). Twenty-three participant delegates from 19 countries attended a three-week course that included learning and teaching about the critique and conduct of research. An outcome of the course was the collaborative design of a study now being implemented in a number of countries with the aim of investigating nurses' preparedness for disaster response. Formal mentoring relationships have also been established between more and less experienced peers and facilitators to provide support in implementing this collaborative study. Overall, participant delegates rated the planning, implementation and content of the course highly. Recommendations from this study include funding a mix of face-to-face and distance mentoring and writing for publication workshops to ensure the sustainability of outcomes from a research capacity building course such as the one described. PMID:24703706

Usher, Kim; Redman-MacLaren, Michelle L; Mills, Jane; West, Caryn; Casella, Evan; Hapsari, Elsi D; Bonita, Sheila; Rosaldo, Rommel; Liswar, Amelia K; Zang Amy, Yuli

2014-03-25

435

A Postgraduate Researcher--Undergraduate Interview Scheme: Enhancing Research-Teaching Linkages to Mutual Benefit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A science communication project is described where undergraduates in groups interview postgraduate researchers about their research and the life of a researcher. Mutual benefits to undergraduates and researchers are described in terms of creativity, the research-teaching links agenda and employability. (Contains 3 tables.)

Downie, Roger

2010-01-01

436

Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review number 87  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 30 research projects are summarized in this report. Title of the project, contract number, company or university, award amount, principal investigators, objectives, and summary of technical progress are given for each project. Enhanced oil recovery projects include chemical flooding, gas displacement, and thermal recovery. Most of the research projects though are related to geoscience technology and reservoir characterization.

NONE

1997-10-01

437

OAI-PMH Repository Enhancement for the NASA Langley Research Center Atmospheric Sciences Data Center  

E-print Network

OAI-PMH Repository Enhancement for the NASA Langley Research Center Atmospheric Sciences Data Keywords Digital Libraries, Search Engine API 1. INTRODUCTION The NASA Atmospheric Science Data Center@cs.odu.edu Juliet Z. Pao NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA 23681 juliet.z.pao@nasa.gov ABSTRACT The NASA

Nelson, Michael L.

438

A Web-based Research Support System Enhanced With Wiki Technology  

E-print Network

A Web-based Research Support System Enhanced With Wiki Technology A Project Submitted technology, are able to assist researchers' activities. Wikis are new channels which enable people to post are able to track the previous information in wikis because of the diary format. They can interact

Yao, JingTao

439

Enhancing the Minority Presence in Graduate Education VI: Catalyst for Success: The Summer Research Opportunity Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes information and discussion from a 1993 workshop on the Summer Research Opportunities Programs (SROPs). These programs are designed to enhance doctoral research opportunities and mentoring for minority graduate students. The present publication is intended to serve as a guide for those wishing to develop or strengthen SROPs…

Gaffney, Nancy A., Ed.

440

"It's Really Making a Difference": How Small-Scale Research Projects Can Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following an internal evaluation exercise, using Action Research, this paper identifies the positive impact of small-scale research projects on teaching and learning at a single case study UK University. Clear evidence is given of how the projects benefited students and staff, and enhanced institutional culture. Barriers to better practice are…

Dexter, Barbara; Seden, Roy

2012-01-01

441

Enhancing and Supporting the Role of Academic Tutors in Developing Undergraduate Writing Skills: Reflections on the Experiences of a Social Work Education Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst approaches to the development of undergraduate academic writing skills vary between disciplines and institutions, academic tutors are consistently presented as playing an important role. One aspect of this role is supporting students to engage effectively with feedback in order to develop consciousness and competence regarding academic

Hughes, Nathan; Wainwright, Sue; Cresswell, Caroline

2012-01-01

442

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. Annex 5, Summary annual report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) investigation of the mechanisms of microbially induced oil mobilization; (2) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially cultures and oil reservoirs; (4) development of simulators for MEOR; and (5) design of operational strategies for the sequential injection of microorganisms and nutrient in reservoirs are: (1) systematic discussion of the mechanisms important in MEOR processes; (2) Measurement of the growth characteristics of Bacillus Licheniformis under various conditions of pH, temperature and salt concentration for both aerobic and anaerobic growth.; (3) measurement of interfacial tension reducing ability of the biosurfactant under different conditions of pH and salt concentration; (4) development of some preliminary methods to concentrate and characterize the biosurfactant; (5) development of a compositional numerical simulator for MEOR processes; and (6) Measurement of the lowest interfacial tension (IFT) value reported for biosurfactants to date. Demonstration of the fact that the low IFT values required for oil recovery can be attained with biosurfactants.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G.

1990-12-31

443

Identity: a complex structure for researching students' academic behavior in science and mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article is a response to Pike and Dunne's research. The focus of their analysis is on reflections of studying science post-16. Pike and Dunne draw attention to under enrollments in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, in particular, in the field of physics, chemistry and biology in the United Kingdom. We provide an analysis of how the authors conceptualize the problem of scientific career choices, the theoretical framework through which they study the problem, and the methodology they use to collect and analyze data. In addition, we examine the perspective they provide in light of new developments in the field of students' attitudes towards science and mathematics. More precisely, we draw attention to and explicate the authors' use of identity from the perspective of emerging theories that explore the relationships between the learner and culture in the context of science and mathematics.

Aydeniz, Mehmet; Hodge, Lynn Liao

2011-06-01

444

Enhancing water cycle measurements for future hydrologic research  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Sciences, Inc., established the Hydrologic Measurement Facility to transform watershed-scale hydrologic research by facilitating access to advanced instrumentation and expertise that would not otherwise be available to individual investigators. We outline a committee-based process that determined which suites of instrumentation best fit the needs of the hydrological science community and a proposed mechanism for the governance and distribution of these sensors. Here, we also focus on how these proposed suites of instrumentation can be used to address key scientific challenges, including scaling water cycle science in time and space, broadening the scope of individual subdisciplines of water cycle science, and developing mechanistic linkages among these subdisciplines and spatio-temporal scales. ?? 2007 American Meteorological Society.

Loescher, H.W.; Jacobs, J.M.; Wendroth, O.; Robinson, D.A.; Poulos, G.S.; McGuire, K.; Reed, P.; Mohanty, B.P.; Shanley, J.B.; Krajewski, W.

2007-01-01

445

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENGAGEMENT AND PERCEIVED ACADEMIC, PERSONAL, AND SOCIAL OUTCOMES FOR SENIOR INTERNATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which five engagement benchmarks that encompass educationally purposeful activities namely: (i) level of academic challenge , (ii) active and collaborative learning ,(iii) student...

Irungu, Jane Njeri

2010-03-10

446

Academic Dishonesty: The Link between Academics and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been many studies done and much research completed on the problem of academic dishonesty at the college and university level. However, there is a dearth of studies done on academic dishonesty as it relates to the legal issues and trends related to higher education administration. The purpose of this research is to analyze the issues,…

Jackson, Judith T.

2010-01-01

447

Transnational Academic Mobility and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines to what extent the participation of researchers in transnational academic mobility, their experiences and perceived outcomes vary by gender. Based on longitudinal statistics, original survey data and semi-structured interviews with former visiting researchers in Germany, the paper shows that the academic world of female…

Jons, Heike

2011-01-01

448

Page 1 of 11 Interviewing for Academic Positions  

E-print Network

Individuals - general search browser, academic material search engine, professional organization search window types of academic interviews. The second part discusses tips for specific kinds of academic interviews research ­ on the institution, department, program, search committee members, faculty members, community

Kaminsky, Werner

449

Vascular complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation and their association with mortality reevaluated by the valve academic research consortium definitions.  

PubMed

Vascular complications (VC) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are reported using various criteria and several access site approaches. We aimed to describe them in a solely percutaneous transfemoral TAVI approach and their association with survival using both the updated Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 criteria and the former VARC-1 criteria. From March 2009 to September 2013, 403 consecutive patients at a mean age (±SD) of 83 ± 6 years underwent percutaneous transfemoral TAVI. VC were defined by both VARC-1 and VARC-2 criteria and analyzed separately. Cox proportional hazard ratio models for all-cause mortality were adjusted separately as defined by each criteria. VARC-1-defined and VARC-2-defined VC occurred in 71 (18%) and 78 (19%) patients, respectively, with 15 (4%) and 33 (8%) defined as major VC. The difference in frequency of major and minor VC was mainly driven by VARC-2 implementation of major bleeding events. With either VARC definition, patients with minor VC had similar mortality and complications rates as those patients without VC. In multivariate analyses, referenced to patients with minor or no VC, only VARC-1-defined major VC were significantly associated with increased mortality (hazard ratio 3.52; confidence interval 1.5 to 8.4; p = 0.005), whereas VARC-2-defined major VC were found to be only marginally significant (hazard ratio 1.9; confidence interval 0.9 to 3.9; p = 0.08). In conclusion, the implementation of the VARC-2 criteria resulted in a higher rate of reported major VC after TAVI compared with VARC-1 criteria, mainly by the inclusion of major bleeding events and a reduced association with patient mortality. PMID:25456874

Steinvil, Arie; Leshem-Rubinow, Eran; Halkin, Amir; Abramowitz, Yigal; Ben-Assa, Eyal; Shacham, Yacov; Bar-Dayan, Avner; Keren, Gad; Banai, Shmuel; Finkelstein, Ariel

2015-01-01

450

Re-Using Today's Metadata for Tomorrow's Research: Five Practical Examples for Enhancing Access to Digital Collections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the "Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections," a good collection is broadly available and avoids unnecessary impediments to use. Two challenges, however, are the constant change in users' expectations and the increasing volume of information in local repositories. Therefore, as academic and research institutions…

Tzoc, Elias

2011-01-01

451

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program: Monitoring EGS-Related Research  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews technologies that could be applicable to Enhanced Geothermal Systems development. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from hydrothermal to hot dry rock. We monitored recent and ongoing research, as reported in the technical literature, that would be useful in expanding current and future geothermal fields. The literature review was supplemented by input obtained through contacts with researchers throughout the United States. Technologies are emerging that have exceptional promise for finding fractures in nonhomogeneous rock, especially during and after episodes of stimulation to enhance natural permeability.

McLarty, Lynn; Entingh, Daniel; Carwile, Clifton

2000-09-29

452

How Academic Is Academic Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University provision for academic development is well established in the USA, UK and many other countries. However, arrangements for its provision and staffing vary. In Australia, there has been a trend towards professional rather than academic staff appointments. Is this appropriate? In this paper, the domains of academic development work are…

Fraser, Kym; Ling, Peter

2014-01-01

453

The Effects of Academic Optimism on Student Academic Achievement in Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to determine the effects of academic optimism on student academic achievement through measuring the individual and collective effects of academic emphasis, collective efficacy, and faculty trust in clients. Data for this study were obtained from the School Academic Optimism Scale and the reading section of the…

Bevel, Raymona King

2010-01-01

454

A review and evaluation of the Langley Research Center's Scientific and Technical Information Program. Results of phase 4: Knowledge and attitudes survey, academic and industrial personnel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Feedback from engineers and scientists in the academic and industrial community provided an assessment of the usage and perceived quality of NASA Langley generated STI and the familiarity and usage of selected NASA publications and services and identified ways to increase the accessibility of Langley STI. The questionnaire utilized both open and closed ended questions and was pretested for finalization. The questions were organized around the seven objectives for Phase IV. From a contact list of nearly 1,200 active industrial and academic researchers, approximately 600 addresses were verified. The 497 persons who agreed to participate were mailed questionnaires. The 381 completed questionnaires received by the cutoff date were analyzed. Based on the survey findings, recommendations were made for increasing the familiarity with and use of NASA and Langley STI and selected NASA publications and services. In addition, recommendations were made for increasing the accessibility of Langley STI.

Pinelli, T. E.; Glassman, M.; Glassman, N. A.

1981-01-01

455

Employability Enhancement through Formal and Informal Learning: An Empirical Study among Dutch Non-Academic University Staff Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although learning is generally perceived as a way to improve employees' current job performance, so far, no research has been conducted to explore the possible relationships between formal and informal learning, on the one hand, and employability, on the other. Though contemporary views stress the importance of the job as a powerful learning site,…

van der Heijden, Beatrice; Boon, Jo; van der Klink, Marcel; Meijs, Ely

2009-01-01

456

A Framework for Enhancing the Value of Research for Dissemination and Implementation.  

PubMed

A comprehensive guide that identifies critical evaluation and reporting elements necessary to move research into practice is needed. We propose a framework that highlights the domains required to enhance the value of dissemination and implementation research for end users. We emphasize the importance of transparent reporting on the planning phase of research in addition to delivery, evaluation, and long-term outcomes. We highlight key topics for which well-established reporting and assessment tools are underused (e.g., cost of intervention, implementation strategy, adoption) and where such tools are inadequate or lacking (e.g., context, sustainability, evolution) within the context of existing reporting guidelines. Consistent evaluation of and reporting on these issues with standardized approaches would enhance the value of research for practitioners and decision-makers. PMID:25393182

Neta, Gila; Glasgow, Russell E; Carpenter, Christopher R; Grimshaw, Jeremy M; Rabin, Borsika A; Fernandez, Maria E; Brownson, Ross C

2015-01-01

457

Overview of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) is an innovative integration of health services research, policy, and clinical care delivery designed to improve the quality, outcomes, and efficiency of VHA health care through the identification and implementation of evidence-based practices in routine care settings. A total of eight condition-specific QUERI centers are currently in operation, each

Lynn McQueen; Brian S Mittman; John G Demakis

2004-01-01

458

How behavioral decision research can enhance consumer welfare: From freedom of choice to paternalistic intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decision-making researchers have largely focused on showing errors and biases in consumers' decision-making processes without\\u000a paying much attention to the social welfare and policy implications of these systematic behaviors. In this paper, we explore\\u000a how findings and methods in behavioral decision research can be used to help consumers improve their decision making and enhance\\u000a their well-being. We first review select

Rebecca K. Ratner; Dilip Soman; Gal Zauberman; Dan Ariely; Ziv Carmon; Punam A. Keller; B. Kyu Kim; Fern Lin; Selin Malkoc; Deborah A. Small; Klaus Wertenbroch

2008-01-01

459

Technology Enhanced Learning Environments for Self-Regulated Learning: A Framework for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-regulated learning (SRL) has become an important topic in education during the last three decades. At the same time, advances in technology have made it possible to create complex Technology Enhanced Learning Environments (TELEs). While there is some evidence that these TELEs have the potential to foster SRL, there is only little research on…

Steffens, Karl

2008-01-01

460

Understanding Why Researchers Should Use Synchrotron-Enhanced FTIR Instead of Traditional FTIR  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A synchrotron-enhanced Fourier transform infrared (SR-FTIR) specializes in combining the tremendous power, brightness, intensity, focusability, and tunability of the photons radiated by a synchrotron with FTIR ability to research the vibrational properties of the lighter elements (i.e., C, N, O, etc.). Infrared (IR) wavelengths correspond to the…

Stem, Michelle R.

2008-01-01

461

Research note Putrescine enhances somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in upland  

E-print Network

Research note Putrescine enhances somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in upland cotton: embryogenic potential, Gossypium hirsutum L., Polyamines Abstract Improvement in somatic embryogenesis has and Skoog; NAA ­ a-naphthalene acetic acid; SE ­ somatic embryo Somatic embryogenesis is the preferred plant

Chee, Peng W.

462

Student Learning in Physical Education: Applying Research To Enhance Instruction. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides the latest research on physical education curriculum, teaching, and teacher education and shows physical educators how to apply this knowledge to their day-to-day practices. There are 19 chapters in five parts. Part 1, "Overview of the Field," includes (1) "Enhancing Learning: An Introduction" (Stephen J. Silverman and Catherine…

Silverman, Steven J., Ed.; Ennis, Catherine D., Ed.

463

Edinburgh Research Explorer Enhancing the Curation of Botanical Data Using Text Analysis  

E-print Network

1 University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 2 Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh, EdinburghEdinburgh Research Explorer Enhancing the Curation of Botanical Data Using Text Analysis Tools the Curation of Botanical Data Using Text Analysis Tools'. in P Zaphiris, G Buchanan, E Rasmussen & F Loizides

Edinburgh, University of

464

NEW MEDIA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT TO ENHANCE AND IMPROVE COMMUNICATIONS AT USEPA'S NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

New media technology (NT) interactive applications are currently being developed in house at ORD/NRMRL to enhance and improve communication of NRMRL's 1) research projects, 2) workshops/conferences and 3) specialized training. NT is an exciting mix of cutting-edge information tec...

465

STEAM ENHANCED REMEDIATION RESEARCH FOR DNAPL IN FRACTURED ROCK, LORING AIR FORCE BASE, LIMESTONE, MAINE  

EPA Science Inventory

This report details a research project on Steam Enhanced Remediation (SER) for the recovery of volatile organic compounds from fractured limestone that was carried out at the Quarry at the former Loring Air Force Base in Limestone, Maine. This project was carried out by USEPA, Ma...

466

Successful Development of Satiety Enhancing Food Products: Towards a Multidisciplinary Agenda of Research Challenges  

PubMed Central

In the context of increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in societies worldwide, enhancing the satiating capacity of foods may help people control their energy intake and weight. This requires an integrated approach between various food-related disciplines. By structuring this approach around the new product development process, this paper aims to present the contours of such an integrative approach by going through the current state of the art around satiety enhancing foods. It portrays actual food choice as the end result of a complex interaction between internal satiety signals, other food benefits, and environmental cues. Three interrelated routes to satiating enhancement are to change the food composition to develop stronger physiological satiation and satiety signals, anticipate and build on smart external stimuli at the moment of purchase and consumption, and improve palatability and acceptance of satiety enhanced foods. Key research challenges in achieving these routes in the field of nutrition, food technology, consumer, marketing, and communication are outlined. PMID:22530713

Van Kleef, E.; Van Trijp, J.C.M.; Van Den Borne, J.J.G.C.; Zondervan, C.

2012-01-01

467

Promoting Children's Social-Emotional Skills in Preschool Can Enhance Academic and Behavioral Functioning in Kindergarten: Findings from Head Start REDI  

PubMed Central

This study examined processes of change associated with the positive preschool and kindergarten outcomes of children who received the Head Start REDI intervention, compared to “usual practice” Head Start. In a large-scale randomized-controlled trial (N = 356 children, 42% African American or Latino, all from low-income families), this study tests the logic model that improving preschool social-emotional skills (e.g., emotion understanding, social problem solving, and positive social behavior) as well as language/emergent literacy skills will promote cross-domain academic and behavioral adjustment after children transition into kindergarten. Validating this logic model, the present study finds that intervention effects on three important kindergarten outcomes (e.g., reading achievement, learning engagement, and positive social behavior) were mediated by preschool gains in the proximal social-emotional and language/emergent literacy skills targeted by the REDI intervention. Importantly, preschool gains in social-emotional skills made unique contributions to kindergarten outcomes in reading achievement and learning engagement, even after accounting for the concurrent preschool gains in vocabulary and emergent literacy skills. These findings highlight the importance of fostering at-risk children's social-emotional skills during preschool as a means of promoting school readiness. The REDI (Research-Based, Developmentally-Informed) enrichment intervention was designed to complement and strengthen the impact of existing Head Start programs in the dual domains of language/emergent literacy skills and social-emotional competencies. REDI was one of several projects funded by the Interagency School Readiness Consortium, a partnership of four federal agencies (the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the Administration for Children and Families, the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation in the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services in the Department of Education). The projects funded through this partnership were designed to assess how integrative early interventions for at-risk children could promote learning and development across multiple domains of functioning. In addition, the projects were charged with examining processes of change and identifying mechanisms of action by which the early childhood interventions fostered later school adjustment and academic achievement. This study examined such processes of change, with the goal of documenting hypothesized cross-domain influences on kindergarten outcomes. In particular, this study tested whether gains in the proximal language/emergent literacy and social-emotional competencies targeted during Head Start would mediate the REDI intervention effects on kindergarten academic and behavioral outcomes. In addition, it tested the hypothesis that gains in social-emotional competencies during preschool would make unique contributions to intervention effects on both academic and behavioral outcomes, even after accounting for the effects of preschool gains in language and emergent literacy skills. PMID:24311939

Nix, Robert L.; Bierman, Karen L.; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Gill, Sukhdeep

2013-01-01

468

A Decision Support Framework for Feasibility Analysis of International Space Station (ISS) Research Capability Enhancing Options  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The assembly and operation of the ISS has generated significant challenges that have ultimately impacted resources available to the program's primary mission: research. To address this, program personnel routinely perform trade-off studies on alternative options to enhance research. The approach, content level of analysis and resulting outputs of these studies vary due to many factors, however, complicating the Program Manager's job of selecting the best option. To address this, the program requested a framework be developed to evaluate multiple research-enhancing options in a thorough, disciplined and repeatable manner, and to identify the best option on the basis of cost, benefit and risk. The resulting framework consisted of a systematic methodology and a decision-support toolset. The framework provides quantifiable and repeatable means for ranking research-enhancing options for the complex and multiple-constraint domain of the space research laboratory. This paper describes the development, verification and validation of this framework and provides observations on its operational use.

Ortiz, James N.; Scott,Kelly; Smith, Harold

2004-01-01

469

The Impact of Partnership-Centered, Community-Based Learning on First-Year Students' Academic Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a control group study of the influence of a partnership-centered, community-based learning program on students' academic writing. The improved writing of first-year students in the Chicago Civic Leadership Certificate Program (CCLCP), we argue, results from the deeply situated learning that took place in the context of…

Feldman, Ann M.; Moss, Tom; Chin, Diane; Marie, Megan; Rai, Candice; Graham, Rebecca

2006-01-01

470

The Impact of School Libraries on Academic Achievement: A Research Study Based on Responses from Administrators in Idaho  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Where administrators value strong library programs and can see them doing their part for student success, students are more likely to thrive academically. This is the over-arching conclusion that can be drawn from the latest study of the impact of school libraries--this one in Idaho. The study included survey responses from 176 principals and…

Lance, Keith Curry; Rodney, Marcia J.; Schwarz, Bill

2010-01-01

471

The Academic Performance of Piedmont Virginia Community College Transfer Students at the University of Virginia. Research Report 5-84.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to assess the academic performance of students who transferred from Piedmont Virginia Community College (PVCC) to the University of Virginia (UVA), using information on student application and acceptance rates, test scores, grade point averages (GPA's), and graduation rates. Data supplied by UVA on 291 students who…

Doherty, Frank J.; Vaughan, George B.

472

Cohort Trends in College Academic Performances of 1984-88 Freshman Student-Athletes. NCAA Research Report 93-01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes trends in student-athletes' academic performance before and after the passage of National Collegiate Athletic Association Proposition 48 which reformed initial-eligibility rules for student athletes, requiring that they have achieved minimum high school grade point averages (at least a 2.0 on a 4.0 system) in core courses and…

Benson, Martin T., Ed.

473

The Current Status and Future of Academic Obstetrics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of research in academic obstetrics and its relationship to research in other academic disciplines was addressed in a 1979 conference. Participants included representatives of academic obstetrics, academic pediatrics, and public health. After an introductory discussion by Howard C. Taylor, Jr. on changes in obstetrics in the last 25…

Bowers, John Z., Ed.; Purcell, Elizabeth F., Ed.

474

Does private tutoring increase students' academic performance? Evidence from Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper investigates the effectiveness of private tutoring in Turkey. The authors introduce their study by providing some background information on the two major national examinations and three different kinds of tutoring. They then describe how they aimed to analyse whether attending private tutoring centres (PTCs) enhances Turkish students' academic performance. By way of multiple linear regression analysis, their study sought to evaluate whether the impact of private tutoring varies in different subject areas, taking into account several student-related characteristics such as family and academic backgrounds as well as interest in and perception of academic success. In terms of subject areas, the results indicate that while private tutoring does have a positive impact on academic performance in mathematics and Turkish language, this is not the case in natural sciences. However, as evidenced by the effect sizes, these impacts are rather small compared to the impacts of other variables such as interest in and perception of academic success, high school graduation fields of study, high school cumulative grade point average (CGPA), parental education and students' sociocultural background. While the authors point out that more research on the impact of further important variables needs to be done, their view is that school seems to be an important factor for determining students' academic performance.

Berbero?lu, Giray; Tansel, Aysit

2014-08-01

475

Prevalence and Patterns of Academic Enabling Behaviors: An Analysis of Teachers' and Students' Ratings for a National Sample of Students. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic enabling behaviors play a significant role in the development of academically competent students. Academic enablers are behaviors that facilitate learning such as social skills, study skills, motivation, and engagement. In this study, teacher and student ratings were used to describe the academic enablers of a nationally representative…

Elliott, Stephen N.; DiPerna, James Clyde; Mroch, Andrew A.; Lang, Sylvia C.

2004-01-01

476

Diet Quality and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Although the effects of nutrition on health and school performance are often cited, few research studies have examined the effect of diet quality on the academic performance of children. This study examines the association between overall diet quality and academic performance. Methods: In 2003, 5200 grade 5 students in Nova Scotia,…

Florence, Michelle D.; Asbridge, Mark; Veugelers, Paul J.

2008-01-01

477

Academic Labor Markets and Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the Stanford Series on Education and Public Policy, academic careers and academic labor markets in American higher education are examined from a perspective based on both economic reasoning and sociological analysis. Research common to both fields is considered in a series of 10 essays that discuss the following subjects: "Studies of…

Breneman, David W., Ed.; Youn, Ted I. K., Ed.

478

Enrollment Management in Academic Units  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an understanding of how administrative leaders make decisions regarding enrollment management within academic units at a major research university in the southwestern United States. Key enrollment management functions of recruiting, admissions, marketing, orientation, financial aid/scholarships, academic advising, student…

DeBiaso, Nick

2012-01-01

479

Academic Bullies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many professors have been traumatized by academic bullies. Unlike bullies at school, the academic bully plays a more subtle game. Bullies may spread rumors to undermine a colleague's credibility or shut their target out of social conversations. The more aggressive of the species cuss out co-workers, even threatening to get physical. There is…

Fogg, Piper

2008-01-01

480

Linking academic and clinical missions: UC Davis' integrated AHC.  

PubMed

Academic health centers (AHCs) rely on cross-subsidization of education and research programs by the clinical enterprise, but this is becoming more challenging as clinical reimbursements decline. These new realities provide an important opportunity to reevaluate the relationships between medical schools and academic medical centers. The authors examine the benefits of their ongoing commitment to create a fully integrated AHC at the University of California (UC) Davis, discussing strategies that serve as catalysts for continued growth. They explore how investments of proceeds from the clinical enterprise directly enhance educational and research initiatives, which, in turn, increase the success of patient-care programs. This has created a cycle of excellence that leads to an enhanced reputation for the entire health system. One strategy involves using clinical margins to "prime the pump" in anticipation of major research initiatives, resulting in rapid increases in external research funding and academic recognition. In turn, this facilitates recruitment of high-quality faculty and staff, improving the ability to deliver expert clinical care. The overall enhanced institutional reputation positions both the clinical and academic programs for further success. The authors posit that such approaches require executive-level commitment to a single strategic vision, unified leadership, and collaborative financial and operational decision making. Adopting such changes is not without challenges, which are discussed, but the authors suggest that an integrated AHC fosters optimized operations, enhanced reputation, and stronger performance across all mission areas. They also provide examples of how the UC Davis Health System has thus attracted philanthropists and investments from the private sector. PMID:18728433

Pomeroy, Claire; Rice, Ann; McGowan, William; Osburn, Nathan

2008-09-01

481

Understanding Community College Students' Learning Styles and the Link to Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning styles have been an area of interest in educational psychology for many decades. However, community college students have been overlooked in learning styles research. To enhance teacher efficacy and student success, it is important to continue to evaluate the relationship between learning styles and academic achievement. The purpose of…

Peters, Kathleen

2012-01-01

482

Academic-Industry Collaboration under Federal Grants and Cooperative Agreements: Financial, Administrative, and Regulatory Compliance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal sponsorship of collaboration between academic institutions and industry is on the rise. Many government programs emphasize cooperation between universities and the commercial sector as a means to merge basic and applied research, promote economic development, and enhance knowledge dissemination. The intersection between academia and…

Ferreira, William F.

2011-01-01

483

Academic Entrepreneurship (Re)defined: Significance and Implications for the Scholarship of Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades higher education scholars have conducted a significant amount of research aimed at understanding the implications of enhanced interactions between the academy and the private marketplace. Accordingly, a voluminous literature that includes conceptualizations and discussions of "academic entrepreneurship" has emerged.…

Mars, Matthew M.; Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia

2010-01-01

484

An Examination of the Relationship between Language-Based Instructional Strategies and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Programs representing various instructional strategies have been designed and implemented in public schools to teach non-English speaking students. This study addressed the relative effectiveness of two strategies designed to enhance non-English speaking students' chances of academic success. The research problem was: Do language-based…

Haubrich, Melissa K.

2010-01-01

485

I'll be a monkey's uncle: a moral challenge to human genetic enhancement research.  

PubMed

The potential for genetic engineering of enhancements to complex human traits has been the subject of vigorous debate for a number of years. Most of the discussion has centered on the possible moral consequences of pursuing enhancements, especially those that might affect complex behaviours and components of personality. Little has been written on the actual process of implementing this technology. This paper presents a 'thought experiment' about the likely form of final preclinical testing for a technology to enhance intelligence as a prototypical multiplex trait. The significance and the potential dangers of implementing enhancements in humans, especially to highly valued traits such as intelligence, would mandate a thorough programme of testing in animals, including non-human primates such as chimpanzees. The implications this would have for researchers, society and, most importantly, the animals themselves are discussed, and the paper concludes with a suggestion for a morally justifiable approach to resolve the tragic question of what to do with research animals who have a cognitive capacity that is close to that of humans. PMID:21515875

Rosoff, Philip M

2011-10-01

486

Delivery Order 9 enhanced preliminary assessment, Woodbridge Research Facility, Virginia. Final report, Dec 91Mar 92  

Microsoft Academic Search

An enhanced preliminary assessment was conducted at Woodbridge Research Facility (WRF) in Woodbridge, Virginia. WRF is a 579-acre facility located 22 miles southeast of Washington, D.C. It is operated by Harry Diamond Laboratory (HDL) at Adelphi, Maryland for the U.S. Army Laboratory Command. Its mission is to support HDL in a variety of programs involving nuclear weapons effects and Army

R. G. Shimko; R. E. Turner

1992-01-01

487

Academic Freedom: Constitutional Myths and Practical Realities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic Freedom is a sacrosanct value on American university campuses. Virtually all research institutions, public and private, have explicitly adopted some form of the American Association of University Professors' 1940 "Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure" or the organization's the 1915 "Declaration of Principles on Academic

Thro, William E.

2007-01-01

488

Academic Integrity: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a literature review on academic integrity, which encompasses the values, behaviour and conduct of academics in all aspects of their practice. This is a growing area of academic research as a result of the expansion of higher education on a global basis and concerns about standards of professional conduct. The article maps the…

Macfarlane, Bruce; Zhang, Jingjing; Pun, Annie

2014-01-01

489

Student Academic Optimism: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This research aims to add to the literature on Academic Optimism, a composite measure composed of teacher perceptions of trust in students, academic press, and collective efficacy by exploring a similar set of constructs from the student perceptive. The relationships between student trust in teachers, student perceptions of academic

Tschannen-Moran, Megan; Bankole, Regina A.; Mitchell, Roxanne M.; Moore, Dennis M., Jr.

2013-01-01

490

Establishment of a Medical Academic Word List  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a corpus-based lexical study of the most frequently used medical academic vocabulary in medical research articles (RAs). A Medical Academic Word List (MAWL), a word list of the most frequently used medical academic words in medical RAs, was compiled from a corpus containing 1 093 011 running words of medical RAs from online…

Wang, Jing; Liang, Shao-lan; Ge, Guang-chun

2008-01-01

491

Stakeholders' perspectives on community-based participatory research to enhance mental health services.  

PubMed

Historically, consumers of mental health services have not been given meaningful roles in research and change efforts related to the services they use. This is quickly changing as scholars and a growing number of funding bodies now call for greater consumer involvement in mental health services research and improvement. Amidst these calls, community-based participatory research (CBPR) has emerged as an approach which holds unique promise for capitalizing on consumer involvement in mental health services research and change. Yet, there have been few discussions of the value added by this approach above and beyond that of traditional means of inquiry and enhancement in adult mental health services. The purpose of this paper is to add to this discussion an understanding of potential multilevel and multifaceted benefits associated with consumer-involved CBPR. This is accomplished through presenting the first-person accounts of four stakeholder groups who were part of a consumer-involved CBPR project purposed to improve the services of a local community mental health center. We present these accounts with the hope that by illustrating the unique outcomes associated with CBPR, there will be invigorated interest in CBPR as a vehicle for consumer involvement in adult mental health services research and enhancement. PMID:25245601

Case, Andrew D; Byrd, Ronald; Claggett, Eddrena; DeVeaux, Sandra; Perkins, Reno; Huang, Cindy; Sernyak, Michael J; Steiner, Jeanne L; Cole, Robert; LaPaglia, Donna M; Bailey, Margaret; Buchanan, Candace; Johnson, Avon; Kaufman, Joy S

2014-12-01

492

Predictors of Academic Achievement for School Age Children with Sickle Cell Disease  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at risk for neurocognitive impairment and poor academic achievement, although there is limited research on factors predicting academic achievement in this population. This study explores the relative contribution to academic achievement of a comprehensive set of factors, such as environmental (socioeconomic status), disease-related (stroke, transfusion therapy, adherence), and psychosocial variables (child behavior, child quality of life (QoL)), controlling for intellectual functioning (IQ). METHODS Eighty-two children with SCD completed measures assessing IQ and academic achievement, while parents completed questionnaires assessing adherence, child behavior, and child quality of life. Medical chart reviews were conducted to determine disease-related factors. RESULTS Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that 55% of the variance in academic skills was accounted for by IQ, parent education, chronic transfusion status, and QoL [R2 = .55, F(5, 77) = 18.34, p < .01]. Follow-up analyses for broad reading [R2 = .52, F(5, 77) = 16.37, p < .01], and math calculation [R2 = .44, F(5, 77) = 12.14, p < .01] were also significant. CONCLUSION The findings suggest a significant contribution of factors beyond IQ to academic achievement. Findings allow for identification of children with SCD at risk for academic difficulties for whom psychoeducational interventions may enhance academic achievement. PMID:23459502

Smith, Kelsey E.; Patterson, Chavis A.; Szabo, Margo M.; Tarazi, Reem A.; Barakat, Lamia P.

2013-01-01

493

Enhance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It doesn't take a Photoshop expert to create attractive graphics for the Web. To prove this, the folks at MicroFrontier have released three graphic creation/editing packages for the Macintosh, each aimed at a different user level. All three applications support Photoshop 3.0 compatible plug-ins and basic features such as scanner support, image and resolution scaling, and basic image enhancement. Enhance, aimed at the graphics professionals, adds even more features, including multiple layers, opacity control, sixteen levels of undo, convolution filter effects, and CYMK support. A save-disabled demo version of each application is available at the MicroFrontier Website. The price for Enhance is $100 .

1998-01-01

494

Confronting Academic Snobbery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Snobbery in academia can involve academics, general staff, students and members of the public, and can be based on degrees, disciplines, cliques and other categories. Though snobbery is seldom treated as a significant issue, it can have damaging effects on morale, research and public image. Strategies against snobbery include avoidance, private…

Martin, Brian; Sřrensen, Majken Jul

2014-01-01

495

ACADEMIC PROGRAM Neuroscience  

E-print Network

ACADEMIC PROGRAM GUIDELINES Program in Neuroscience #12;Guidelines to the Program in Neuroscience 2 Student Member Michael Nonet Daniel O'Brien, Student Member The Neuroscience Graduate Program has the goals of providing students with a broad knowledge of neuroscience and the skills to perform research

Stormo, Gary

496

Endowed Faculty Chairs, Academic  

E-print Network

Endowed Faculty Chairs, Academic Centers, Programs, Institutes; Student Scholarships, Hardships; Fellowships; Awards; and Research Funds #12;550 Undergraduate Catalogue 2013­14 Endowed Faculty Chairs Funds Endowed Faculty Chairs Faculty of Medicine Raja N. Khuri Deanship for the Faculty of Medicine

Shihadeh, Alan

497

Academic Library Reference Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of the philosophy and objectives of academic library reference services provides an overview of the major reference approaches to fulfilling the following primary objectives of reference services: (1) providing accurate answers to patrons' questions and/or helping patrons find sources to pursue their research needs; (2) building…

Batt, Fred

498

ACADEMIC PROGRAM Biochemistry  

E-print Network

ACADEMIC PROGRAM GUIDELINES Program in Biochemistry #12;Biochemistry Ph.D. Program Guidelines Biochemistry Ph.D. Program at Washington University in St. Louis Program Director: Dr. Peter Burgers office Washington University has a century-long tradition of excellence in biochemistry research and education

Stormo, Gary

499

ACADEMIC PROGRAM Biochemistry  

E-print Network

ACADEMIC PROGRAM GUIDELINES Program in Biochemistry (REVISED AUGUST, 2014) #12;Biochemistry Ph.D. Program Guidelines Biochemistry Ph.D. Program Washington University in St. Louis Program Director: Dr a century-long tradition of excellence in biochemistry research and education. A number of faculty, students

Kornfeld, S. Kerry

500

Students Apply Research Methods to Consumer Decisions About Cognitive Enhancing Drinks  

PubMed Central

The goal of this class project was to provide students with a hands-on research experience that allowed autonomy, but eliminated duplication of effort and could be completed within one semester. Our resources were limited to a small supply budget and an introductory psychology subject pool. Six students from a behavioral neuroscience class tested claims made by a drink company that their product improves cognitive function. The students each chose a cognitive task for their part of the project. The tasks included the Donders Reaction Time Task, the Stroop Task, the Raven’s Progressive Matrices, a short-term memory span test, the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test and a simple measure of prefrontal EEG activity. Participants were randomly assigned to an experimental or control drink. The experimental group received the putative cognitive enhancing drink and the control group received a placebo drink that was very similar in color and taste. The two drinks shared no active ingredients. Results suggest that the putative cognitive enhancing drink did not improve performance on any of the tasks and decreased performance on the short-term memory task. These findings are discussed in regard to implications for consumers as well as further research into supplements and their ability to improve cognitive performance. Each student presented his/her results at a university-wide research conference. This project provided a rich experience in which students had the opportunity to carry out a research project from conception to presentation. PMID:25565916

Walters, Charles B.; Hill, Katherine G.; Zavilla, Anastasia R.; Erickson, Cynthia A.

2014-01-01