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1

Glossary Term Detail : Academic Research Enhancement Award  

Cancer.gov

This funding mechanism is designed to enhance the research environment of educational institutions that have not been traditional recipients of NIH research funds (i.e., health professional academic institutions with less than $3 million of NIH support in total costs in four or more of the last seven years), this award provides limited funds to those institutions' faculty members to develop new research projects or expand ongoing research activities in health sciences and to encourage students to participate in the research activity.

2

The Academic Researcher Role: Enhancing Expectations and Improved Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article distinguishes between six tasks related to the academic researcher role: (1) networking; (2) collaboration; (3) managing research; (4) doing research; (5) publishing research; and (6) evaluation of research. Data drawn from surveys of academic staff, conducted in Norwegian universities over three decades, provide evidence that the…

Kyvik, Svein

2013-01-01

3

Engaging Students in Aging Research through the Academic Research Enhancement Award Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the R15, Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA) mechanism available through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for institutions that do not typically receive substantial NIH funding. Equipped with training received at the St. Scholastica National Institute on Social Work and Aging, I was able to secure AREA funding…

Butler, Sandra S.

2014-01-01

4

The End of Institutional Repositories and the Beginning of Social Academic Research Service: An Enhanced Role for Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more and more universities establish Institutional Repositories (IR), awareness is developing about the limitations of IRs in enhancing the academic research service. The concept of an IR needs to be expanded to include the integration of the processes that transform intellectual endeavor into a broadening array of academic and research support services which are fundamentally social. These include, but

Stuart M Basefsky

2009-01-01

5

Academic Listening: Research Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of essays address a variety of issues in listening in the academic context, particularly in a foreign or second language. Articles include: "Research of Relevance to Second Language Lecture Comprehension--An Overview" (John Flowerdew); "Expectation-Driven Understanding in Information Systems Lecture Comprehension" (Steve Tauroza,…

Flowerdew, John, Ed.

6

Academic Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994 Hypertext Format Academic Research ... Needs 1994 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic Research Instruments:Expenditures 1993, Needs ...

7

Academic Research Integration System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper comprises results concluding the research activity done so far regarding enhanced web services and system integration. The objective of the paper is to define the software architecture for a coherent framework and methodology for enhancing existing web services into an integrated system. This document presents the research work that has…

Surugiu, Iula; Velicano, Manole

2008-01-01

8

Using Blogging to Enhance the Initiation of Students into Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the net-generation students learning in a Web 2.0 world, research is often equated with Googling and approached with a mindset accustomed to cut-and-paste practices. Recognizing educators' concern over such students' learning dispositions on the one hand, and the educational affordances of blogging on the other, this study examines the use of…

Chong, Eddy K. M.

2010-01-01

9

Enhancing research in academic radiology departments: Recommendations of the 2003 Consensus Conference 1 1 Editor’s note: This article is being simultaneously published in this journal, in Academic Radiology, in the American Journal of Roentgenology, and in Radiology. The RSNA holds copyright and grants permission for simultaneous publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opportunities for funded radiologic research are greater than ever, and the amount of federal funding coming to academic radiology departments is increasing. Even so, many medical school-based radiology departments have little or no research funding. Accordingly, a consensus panel was convened to discuss ways to enhance research productivity and broaden the base of research strength in as many academic radiology

Philip O Alderson; Linda B Bresolin; Gary J Becker; James H Thrall; N. Reed Dunnick; Bruce J Hillman; Joseph K. T Lee; Edward C Nagy

2004-01-01

10

Rx for Ailing Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the findings of the White House Science Council's survey of the condition of the United States university-research community. Indicates the problems that threaten the quality of academic research and outlines recommendations for its improvement. Funding changes, tax credits, and scholarships are among the panel's suggestions. (ML)

Raloff, Janet

1986-01-01

11

Academic and Research Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work in the Touch Lab (formal name: Laboratory for Human and Machine Haptics) is guided by a broad vision of haptics which includes all aspects of information acquisition and object manipulation through touch by humans, machines, of a combination of the two; and the environments can be real or virtual. In order to make progress, we conduct research in

Mandayam A. Srinivasan; S James Biggs; Gang Liu; David W. Schloerb; Lihua Zhou; Joono Cheong; Suvranu De; Jianjuen Hu; Orly Lahav; Donjin Lee; Manivannan Muniyandi; Minseung Ahn; Christian Bolzmacher; Dodge Daverman; Rosa Iglesias; Hyun Kim; Siddarth Kumar; Wan-Chen Wu; Kirk Phelps; Seth M. Hall; Eleanora Luongo; Monica Pegis

12

Understanding Chinese TEFL Academics' Capacity for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to benchmark Chinese TEFL academics' research productivities to identify and address research productivity issues. Using a literature-based survey, this study examined 182 Chinese TEFL academics' research output, perceptions about research, personal dispositions for conducting research and workplace context for conducting research

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter

2011-01-01

13

Building research capacity: Changing roles of universities and academics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nation's overall capacity depends considerably on its research. Universities, as centres of knowledge production and generation, play a critical role in the national research. This paper provides a discussion of universities' roles in building national research capacity, government quality assurance initiatives to enhance university research, institutional measures to build research capacity, and the impact of these expectations on academics.

Bai Li; Jan Millwater; Peter Hudson

14

Demonstrating the World Wide Web as an academic research tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

ACADEMIC LIBRARIANS, as experienced World Wide Web (WWW) users, are well-positioned to demonstrate the benefits of using the\\u000a Web to do scholarly research. College administrators and faculty may be skeptical about the usefulness of the Internet for\\u000a academic research and reluctant to use the tool as a way to enhance their traditional methods of professional inquiry. As\\u000a a means of

Beth Evans; Wilma Lesley Jones

1998-01-01

15

Academic Research: Corporate Support Has Its Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Twentieth Century Fund task force indicates that industry funding of academic research is not harmful to academic values if guidelines are followed. Some of the recommendations made by the task force are listed. One recommendation is that title to patents resulting from joint projects should be held by the university. (JN)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1984

1984-01-01

16

Academic Freedom: Problems in Conceptualization and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic freedom is of central importance to higher education and it affects all aspects of work at universities. It symbolizes academics' acceptance of the need for openness and flexibility (Balyer, 2011) and it protects the conditions leading to the creation of good teaching and learning, sound research, and scholarship (Atkinson, 2004).…

Abdel Latif, Muhammad M. M.

2014-01-01

17

Enhancing academic integrity: formulating effective honor codes.  

PubMed

Academic integrity continues to be of concern in higher education as the data from undergraduate schools shows an increasing prevalence of cheating behaviors and changing values of students who are entering dental education. The use of honor codes has been reported to positively influence the attitudes and behaviors of students. This paper discusses the elements of an effective and valid honor code and its possible role in enhancing the dental school environment. PMID:14587677

Turner, Sharon P; Beemsterboer, Phyllis L

2003-10-01

18

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic ...

19

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic ...

20

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1999  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1999 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1999 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic ...

21

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2003  

NSF Publications Database

... and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2003 Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development ... Format (.pdf) Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2003 This report is ...

22

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic ...

23

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997 Portable Document ...

24

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Portable Document ...

25

Summary of Research 1996, Interdisciplinary Academic Groups.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains summaries of research projects in the Interdisciplinary Academic Groups. A list of recent publications is also included which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal pape...

D. C. Boger F. Levien R. Panholzer J. Eagle C. Ching-Sang

1997-01-01

26

Leadership: Academic Research of Theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report analyzes the academic and theoretical elements which are fundamental to the make-up of an effective leader vis-a-vis the task to be accomplished, the situation, and his interaction with those who are being led. Emphasis is on the human factors ...

L. J. Baughman

1972-01-01

27

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1996  

NSF Publications Database

... and Development Expenditures Fiscal Year 1996 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Academic ... Fiscal Year 1996 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic Research and Development Expenditures ...

28

How Teachers and Researchers Read Academic Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looks at language teachers' and language researchers' expectations and evaluations of two kinds of journal articles, either researcher-oriented or teacher-oriented. The results show that teachers and academics use different ways of validating information in journal articles and use the information contained in them in distinctly…

Bartels, Nat

2003-01-01

29

Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs: 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For several decades there has been a general concern that the level of research funding for academic instrumentation was not sufficient to keep pace with the requirements of cutting edge research. To develop the factual trend data necessary to understand the depth of the problems in academia and thus provide an adequate response to these concerns,…

Arena, Carolyn B.

30

Opening up Academic Biomedical Research  

NASA Video Gallery

Eva Guinan, MD, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Associate Direction, Center for Clinical and Translational Research at Harvard Medical School, was featured during the September 7, 2011 Innovatio...

31

Investigation on Academic Research Software Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying software development processes can help us to understand the software development models which in turn can help programmers to build high-quality software products. Software is not all homogeneous, and industrial software and software developed in academia seem to be different. In order to understand the characteristics of academic software development, we surveyed ten student programmers in five research fields

Dapeng Liu; Shaochun Xu; Monica Brockmeyer

2008-01-01

32

Academic Library Services Support for Research Information Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the use of a university library academic service to assist in research information seeking, and the role and value of the academic services in support of research from the viewpoints of both academic users and librarians. Ten Ph.D. students completed questionnaires followed by face-to-face discussions and four academic

Du, Jia Tina; Evans, Nina

2011-01-01

33

Synergy or Separation Mode: the relationship between academic research and knowledge transfer activities of Korean academics  

Microsoft Academic Search

- Abstract - The scope of this study is based on recent research and knowledge-transfer activities of Korean academics in science and engineering. The central research question guiding this study is: what factors influence the relationships between academic research and knowledge transfer activities of academics? Considering this question, literature review of both existing theoretical issues and empirical studies is presented.

Ki-seok Kwon

34

Deepening Our Understanding of Academic Inbreeding Effects on Research Information Exchange and Scientific Output: New Insights for Academic Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the impact of academic inbreeding in relation to academic research, and proposes a new conceptual framework for its analysis. We find that mobility (or lack of) at the early research career stage is decisive in influencing academic behaviors and scientific productivity. Less mobile academics have more inward oriented…

Horta, Hugo

2013-01-01

35

Student Voice as a Methodological Issue in Academic Literacies Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic literacies research has been identified as an emerging but significant field in higher education. This article extends the discussions around methodology in academic literacies research by drawing on the current text and context debates in sociolinguistics and linguistic ethnography. It uses illustrations from a recent academic literacies…

Paxton, Moragh

2012-01-01

36

Beyond Teaching and Research: Changing Engineering Academic Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boyer's model of academic work as integrated scholarships clearly details the work of contempo- rary engineering academics. This approach departs from the traditional research versus teaching debate, introducing four spheres of complementary activity. These are: teaching, discovery, application and integration. Boyer's scholarships recognise that the focus on the teaching\\/research debate neglects other equally important aspects of academic work which are

Ahmed Al-Jumaily; Heather Stonyer

37

Academic Technology Transfer: Tracking, Measuring and Enhancing Its Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980 passage of the US Bayh-Dole Act, academic technology transfer has gained profile globally as a key component of knowledge-driven economic development. Research universities are seen as key contributors. In this article, focusing on the USA and drawing on over twenty years of experience in the field of academic technology transfer in…

Fraser, John

2010-01-01

38

Research support in an academic medical center.  

PubMed

In 2003, the Prior Health Sciences Library (Prior Library) at The Ohio State University (OSU) explored the possibility of providing specialized support to biomedical, nursing, and allied health researchers by adding a research librarian position. The decision came about after the Medical Library Association (MLA) investigated how libraries could provide enhanced support to medical researchers. This article describes how the research librarian position was developed and how it continues to evolve. PMID:20391163

Cheek, Fern M

2010-01-01

39

Interactions Between the Academic Business Library and Research Data Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of numeric data has historical significance in the research of many academic disciplines, but today it is burgeoning. Responses from academic business librarians to a 33-item questionnaire are the basis for this study that investigates the interactions between academic business libraries and other local units supplying numeric data…

Bennett, Terrence B.; Nicholson, Shawn W.

2004-01-01

40

Review of carbon dioxide research staffing and academic support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than 60 percent of the staff on Carbon Dioxide Research Division (CDRD) projects were university affiliated, and over one third of project scientists and engineers also had university teaching responsibilities. Almost 20 percent of project staff were students. CO2 research is unlikely to affect the general labor market for scientists and engineers because it uses such a small portion of the total pool. On the other hand, anticipated tight labor markets in some disciplines important to CO2 research may make it advantageous for CDRD to expand its support of university faculty, students, and staff to ensure that competent, knowledgeable researchers and managers are available for eventual policy decisions on CO2 issues. Options for academic support that lend themselves readily to the diffuse nature of CO2 research, while providing flexibility in the identification and accomplishment of specific programmatic objectives, include modifying procurement procedures for research contracts to enhance academic involvement, sponsoring summer institutes tailored to specific participants and focused on issues of interest to CDRD, and supporting traveling lecture programs designed to bring information of concern to CDRD to technical and nontechnical audiences.

Clark, S. B.; Howard, L.; Stevenson, W.; Trice, J.

1985-04-01

41

Federal Support of Academic Research. Working Paper, Preliminary Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introduction to the subject of federal support to academic research is presented. It is noted that total federal support to academic research in fiscal 1976 came to roughly $4.5 billion, close to a third of all federal dollars spent on higher education. Top universities receive 25 percent or more of their operating budgets from federal research

White, Geoffrey

42

Small Research Grants and Academic Fellowships: How Students Can Compete.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents recommendations for securing academic fellowships and small research grants. Recommendations are based in part on combined experiences of authors as doctoral students in search of academic fellowships and small research grants. Includes annotated bibliography of sources of grants and fellowships. (Author/NB)

Heath, D. Terri; And Others

1993-01-01

43

Research Policy and Academic Performativity: Compliance, Contestation and Complicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research, a major purpose of higher education, has become increasingly important in a context of global economic competitiveness. In this paper, we draw on data from email interviews with academics in Britain to explore responses to current research policy trends. Although the majority of academics expressed opposition to current policy…

Leathwood, Carole; Read, Barbara

2013-01-01

44

Consortium benchmarking: Collaborative academic–practitioner case study research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consortium benchmarking is a scholar–practitioner collaborative case study approach joining rigor and relevance in management research. In consortium benchmarking practitioners and academic researchers form a consortium and together benchmark best-practices. Consortium benchmarking includes practitioners as co-researchers, facilitating research relevant for both academics and practitioners. Rigorous research informs the entire process since consortium benchmarking collects evidence from multiple sources and uses

Holger Schiele; Stefan Krummaker

2011-01-01

45

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

46

Academic Achievement Survey and Educational Assessment Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent "Nationwide academic achievement and study situation survey" was clearly influenced by the idea of "authentic assessment", an educational assessment perspective focused on "quality" and "engagement". However, when "performance assessment", the assessment method corresponding to this focus, is adopted in academic achievement surveys, it…

Tanaka, Koji

2009-01-01

47

How Can We Simultaneously Enhance Both Academic Excellence and Diversity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it possible simultaneously to enhance the academic quality of the student body and to increase its diversity? Assessments of creative and practical skills were given to college freshmen at thirteen varied institutions to supplement the SAT. Prediction of freshman-year GPA roughly doubled, and ethnic-group differences were substantially…

Sternberg, Robert J.

2006-01-01

48

Enhancing academic climate: doctoral students as their own developers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes a collaborative initiative with doctoral students to create an academic climate more conducive to fostering interaction across disciplinary groups in a faculty of education in North America. The project attempted to ensure that these students had a voice in creating practices, structures, and policies in the faculty that would enhance their doctoral experience. The evidence suggests that

Lynn McAlpine; Anila Asghar

2010-01-01

49

Annotated Bibliography of Recent Research Related to Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an annotated bibliography of recent research related to academic advising. It includes research papers that focus on advising and a special section of the "Journal of Career Development" that is devoted to multicultural graduate advising relationships.

Mottarella, Karen, Comp.

2011-01-01

50

The Effective Academic: A Handbook for Enhanced Academic Practice. The Times Higher Education Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides guidance about controlling and directing an academic career by suggesting systematic approaches to key areas of responsibility and activity. It explores management and leadership in higher education, developing and promoting research and teaching, and coping with the changing university environment. The chapters of part 1,…

Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.; Fry, Heather, Ed.

51

An Applied Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods in Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic advising research aids faculty members and advisors in detecting, explaining, and addressing macro-level trends beyond their local campus. It also helps legitimize the professional nature of academic advising, moving it beyond mere prescriptive models that focus on rules and course selection. Due to the erroneous belief that skills in…

Hurt, Robert L.; McLaughlin, Eric J.

2012-01-01

52

Research Productivity by Career Stage among Korean Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores Korean academics' changes in research productivity by career stage. Career stage in this study is defined as a specific cohort based on one's length of job experience, with those in the same stage sharing similar interests, values, needs, and tasks; it is categorized into fledglings, maturing academics, established…

Jung, Jisun

2014-01-01

53

Motivating Student Learning To Enhance Academic Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project implemented and evaluated a 12-week program using cooperative learning and Multiple Intelligences to increase student motivation for learning. The targeted population consisted of elementary and middle school students in a low-socioeconomic community in northern Illinois. The problem of motivation was documented in the…

Cialdella, Keri; Herlin, Christine; Hoefler, Alecia

54

A review and classification of academic research in facilities management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review, evaluate and classify the academic research that has been published in facilities management (FM) and to analyse how FM research and practice are linked. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is based on literature review and qualitative research. Qualitative data have been gathered from academic papers published in FM-related journals (i.e. Facilities,

Tomi Ventovuori; Tero Lehtonen; Anssi Salonen; Suvi Nenonen

2007-01-01

55

UK Academic Accountants» Perceptions of Research and Publication Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Published research output is widely used as a measure of performance in UK universities. This paper investigates the acceptability of the research practices which underpin publication in accounting journals. Eighty-eight UK accounting academics reported their perceptions of the acceptability of ten research practices and their views of five research publication statements. Three research practices were found to be particularly unacceptable,

TONY BRINN; MICHAEL JOHN JONES; MAURICE PENDLEBURY

1998-01-01

56

The Quantitative Crunch: The Impact of Bibliometric Research Quality Assessment Exercises on Academic Development at Small Conferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Small and specialist inter-disciplinary conferences, particularly those relating to technology enhanced learning such as International Conference on Information and Communications Technology in Education, provide valuable opportunities for academics and academic-related/professional staff to report upon their research and development…

Henderson, Michael; Shurville, Simon; Fernstrom, Ken

2009-01-01

57

New Strategies of Control: Academic Freedom and Research Ethics Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, detailing the implications of "ethics drift" for critical work in the academy, reports on an ethics challenge to a non-research-based scholarly text. It analyzes how General Research Ethics Boards (GREBs) can threaten academic freedom when they lack a clear definition of "human subject" research, fail to distinguish between empirical…

Lewis, Magda

2008-01-01

58

Negotiating the University Research Culture: Collaborative Voices of New Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contributes to the wider discussion of the collaborative research process and the situation of new academics in the early stages of their research careers. It draws on our lived experience through several collaborative research projects and is descriptive and autobiographical in nature. As such, it provides an opportunity for our voices…

Tynan, Belinda R.; Garbett, Dawn L.

2007-01-01

59

The Impact of Advancing Technology on Marketing and Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic research in marketing often and rightfully tends to either build on well-established past research topics or follow well-established practices in industry. However, as technology advances, it might be possible to foresee some more enduring trends and focus research on future issues rather than on past issues. One approach would be to study emerging technologies with rapidly declining costs. Each

Steven M. Shugan

2004-01-01

60

Research Publication as a Strategy to Improve International Academic Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities in Asia are now focused on enhancing their global academic competitiveness. Various strategies are implemented to restructure, reform and transform universities aimed at improving ranking in the global university league. One significant strategy is to encourage academicians to place priority on publishing in high-impact…

Tie, Fatt Hee

2012-01-01

61

The Origins of Academic Physics Research in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces individual physicists and financial considerations associated with the historical development of academic research and research facilities in physics at the University of California (Berkeley), California Institute of Technology, and Stanford University from the 1890's to the 1930's. (SL)

Seidel, Robert W.

1976-01-01

62

Demystifying the IRB: Human Subjects Research in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many academic librarians are interested in pursuing research studies that involve students, faculty, and other library patrons; these projects must be approved by an institutional review board (IRB). This article reviews federal requirements and regulations for human subjects research and explains the IRB application process. The author discusses…

Smale, Maura A.

2010-01-01

63

Fair Use Challenges in Academic and Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes research into the current application of fair use to meet the missions of U.S. academic and research libraries. Sixty-five librarians were interviewed confidentially by telephone for around one hour each. They were asked about their employment of fair use in five key areas of practice: support for teaching and learning,…

Association of Research Libraries, 2010

2010-01-01

64

Profiling Academic Research on Digital Games Using Text Mining Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic research on digital games has been conducted for over 30 years. However, the abundance of disciplines conducting research on the topic makes it challenging for the interested to get a holistic and comprehensive account of past digital game studies. Yet, sophisticated text mining tools designed for structured science information resources, such as the ISI Web of Science or INSPEC,

Johanna Bragge; Jan Storgårds

2007-01-01

65

Integrating Research into LIS Field Experiences in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Field experiences function as a link between LIS theory and practice. Students should be provided with an experience that is a true reflection of the professional environment. The increasing focus on research by academic librarians provides an opportunity and responsibility to integrate research into the field experiences of LIS students.…

Berg, Selinda Adelle; Hoffmann, Kristin; Dawson, Diane

2009-01-01

66

Undergraduate Research and Academic Archives: Instruction, Learning and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are increasingly investing resources to promote undergraduate research. Undergraduate research can be broadly defined to incorporate scientific inquiry, creative expression, and scholarship with the result of producing original work. Academic archives and special collections can play a vital role in the undergraduate…

Krause, Magia G.

2010-01-01

67

Applying DEA Technique to Library Evaluation in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study applied an analytical technique called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to calculate the relative technical efficiency of 95 academic research libraries, all members of the Association of Research Libraries. DEA, with the proper model of library inputs and outputs, can reveal best practices in the peer groups, as well as the technical…

Shim, Wonsik

2003-01-01

68

Strategic Planning for Academic Research: A Canadian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an empirical study of research planning in Canadian universities. Drawing on data compiled during interviews with senior administrators from 27 academic units in 10 universities, the paper analyses how strategic planning has been applied to the research mission over the past decade. Findings reveal variability in processes…

Sa, Creso M.; Tamtik, Merli

2012-01-01

69

No Academic Borders?: Transdisciplinarity in University Teaching and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transdisciplinarity has been a veritable mantra, especially in the humanities and social sciences, for twenty years or more. Yet academic structures and research application requirements still struggle to come to grips with cross-boundary research and teaching. Making universities more trans-discipline-friendly is a tricky task, however. As Wendy…

Russell, A. Wendy

2005-01-01

70

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Academic Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Know the Earth.Show the Way." In fulfillment of its vision, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) provides geospatial intelligence in all its forms and from whatever source-imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial data and information-to ensure the knowledge foundation for planning, decision, and action. To achieve this, NGA conducts a multi-disciplinary program of basic research in geospatial intelligence topics through grants and fellowships to the leading investigators, research universities, and colleges of the nation. This research provides the fundamental science support to NGA's applied and advanced research programs. The major components of the NGA Academic Research Program (NARP) are: - NGA University Research Initiatives (NURI): Three-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators across the US academic community. Topics are selected to provide the scientific basis for advanced and applied research in NGA core disciplines. - Historically Black College and University - Minority Institution Research Initiatives (HBCU-MI): Two-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators at Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and Minority Institutions across the US academic community. - Director of Central Intelligence Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships: Fellowships providing access to advanced research in science and technology applicable to the intelligence community's mission. The program provides a pool of researchers to support future intelligence community needs and develops long-term relationships with researchers as they move into career positions. This paper provides information about the NGA Academic Research Program, the projects it supports and how other researchers and institutions can apply for grants under the program.

Loomer, S. A.

2004-12-01

71

Examining Benefits of Academic-Community Research Team Training: Rochester's Suicide Prevention Training Institutes.  

PubMed

Background: Although community-engaged research (CER), including community-based participatory research (CBPR), is a growing approach in addressing health disparities, little scientific study on how to enhance its processes or products exists. These fields are built on practice-based case studies, evaluations, and qualitative examinations of principles in action. This gap is as an emerging priority in the clinical and translation sciences.Objectives: We designed a 5-day workshop for academic-community research teams in suicide prevention and health promotion, broadly defined. Seasoned academic and community partners developed and implemented curriculum at three training institutes from 2007 to 2010. We developed self-report tools to evaluate this training model for CER practice. We crafted and evaluated both mediating processes and outcome measures for academic and community partners to assess team CER development.Methods: We analyzed post-training evaluation surveys completed late in 2010. We conducted exploratory factor analysis on survey data from 48 community or academic partners. These team members participated in at least one National Institutes of Health-funded CER training institute to advance suicide prevention, broadly defined.Conclusions: Partnership development measures that capture both academic and community perspectives demonstrate reliability and validity. Multidimensional latent constructs for inclusion in CER development models included partnership agency, personal knowledge and capacities, and benefits of collaborative research partnerships over time. We discuss the utility of findings to future CER training design and study. PMID:24859110

White, Ann Marie; Lu, Naiji; Cerulli, Catherine; Tu, Xin

2014-01-01

72

Expanding Research in Academic Advising: Methodological Strategies to Engage Advisors in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in academic advising has traditionally been conducted and disseminated by faculty researchers, graduate students, and higher education administrators (including advising directors). While significant in developing a body of literature to guide academic advising, the sources of the contribution also suggest that the frontline advisor does…

Aiken-Wisniewski, Sharon A.; Smith, Joshua S.; Troxel, Wendy G.

2010-01-01

73

75 FR 13751 - Office of English Language Acquisition; Overview Information; Language Enhancement, and Academic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of English Language Acquisition; Overview Information; Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students; Foreign Language Assistance Program--State...

2010-03-23

74

A new approach to synergize academic and guideline-compliant research: the CLARITY-BPA research program.  

PubMed

Recently, medical research has seen a strong push toward translational research, or "bench to bedside" collaborations, that strive to enhance the utility of laboratory science for improving medical treatment. The success of that paradigm supports the potential application of the process to other fields, such as risk assessment. Close collaboration among academic, government, and industry scientists may enhance the translation of scientific findings to regulatory decision making. The National Toxicology Program (NTP), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) developed a consortium-based research program to link more effectively academic and guideline-compliant research. An initial proof-of-concept collaboration, the Consortium Linking Academic and Regulatory Insights on BPA Toxicity (CLARITY-BPA), uses bisphenol A (BPA) as a test chemical. The CLARITY-BPA program combines a core perinatal guideline-compliant 2-year chronic toxicity study with mechanistic studies/endpoints conducted by academic investigators. Twelve extramural grantees were selected by NIEHS through an RFA-based initiative to participate in the overall study design and conduct disease-relevant investigations using tissues and animals from the core study. While the study is expected to contribute to our understanding of potential effects of BPA, it also has ramifications beyond this specific focus. Through CLARITY-BPA, NIEHS has established an unprecedented level of collaboration among extramural grantees and regulatory researchers. By drawing upon the strengths of academic and regulatory expertise and research approaches, CLARITY-BPA represents a potential new model for filling knowledge gaps, enhancing quality control, informing chemical risk assessment, and identifying new methods or endpoints for regulatory hazard assessments. PMID:23747832

Schug, Thaddeus T; Heindel, Jerrold J; Camacho, Luísa; Delclos, K Barry; Howard, Paul; Johnson, Anne F; Aungst, Jason; Keefe, Dennis; Newbold, Retha; Walker, Nigel J; Thomas Zoeller, R; Bucher, John R

2013-09-01

75

Ethics and Research Priorities in Academic Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews macro and micro issues in determining research priorities for nursing education. Illustrates how decisions can be shaped by such ethical principles as caring, utility, justice, and faithfulness. Considers distributive justice as a guide for resource allocation. (SK)

Yeaworth, Rosalee C.

1997-01-01

76

Online Data Collection in Academic Research: Advantages and Limitations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online data collection in academic research might be replacing paper-and-pencil surveys or questionnaires in the near future. This paper discusses the advantages and limitations of online data collection, with particular reference to the conduct of two qualitative studies involving upper secondary school teachers and students in Iceland in 2002.…

Lefever, Samuel; Dal, Michael; Matthiasdottir, Asrun

2007-01-01

77

Writing in the Ether: A Collaborative Approach to Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the developmental stages of academic publication collaborations through both research on the collaborative process itself, as well as through analysis of the discovery process. Using the qualitative software package, NUD*IST, the teleconferencing system, FirstClass, and standard e-mail, the study…

Winograd, David; Milton, Katherine

78

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience…

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

79

Creating the Academic Commons: Guidelines for Learning, Teaching, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's library is still at the heart of all university activities, helping students and faculty become better learners, teachers, and researchers. In recent years there has emerged the formalizing of one or more of these activities into an Academic Commons. These centers of information have been labeled variously but they all share a commonality:…

Gould, Thomas H.P.

2011-01-01

80

Sex of Teacher and Academic Achievement: A Review of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews research on the treatment of boys and girls by male and female elementary school teachers. Little support is found for a general hypothesis that male teachers, when compared with female teachers, improve boys' academic achievement and reduce the number of problems boys experience in elementary school. (SB)

Vroegh, Karen

1976-01-01

81

Strengthening Research in Academic OB/GYN Departments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study addresses a concern, expressed inside and outside the discipline of obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN), that women's health is suffering because of weakness in the research capabilities of academic departments of OB/GYN. The Committee on Researc...

J. Townsend

1992-01-01

82

Post-occupancy evaluation of academic and research library facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the findings of an indicative assessment of the major technical and functional elements of performance, carried out on the main academic and research library of King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Published literature has been analyzed to review knowledge areas pertaining to the

Mohammad A. Hassanain; Ali A. Mudhei

2006-01-01

83

Researching Academic Stress and Anxiety in Students: Some Methodological Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a long history of interest in North American and Western European literature, researchers in the UK are only now beginning to turn attention to the issue of academic stress in schoolchildren and how it may affect emotional well-being, health and performance on school assessments. Based on the author's experiences of designing an extensive…

Putwain, David

2007-01-01

84

Researching Academic Identity: Using Discursive Psychology as an Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current thinking on academic identities is heavily influenced by developments in other disciplines, notably sociology. This accords with Haggis's (2007) challenge for educational researchers to engage with current theory and methods from across the social sciences. However, the traditional sister discipline to education, psychology, seems…

McLean, Neil

2012-01-01

85

Life context of pharmacological academic performance enhancement among university students - a qualitative approach  

PubMed Central

Background Academic performance enhancement or cognitive enhancement (CE) via stimulant drug use has received increasing attention. The question remains, however, whether CE solely represents the use of drugs for achieving better academic or workplace results or whether CE also serves various other purposes. The aim of this study was to put the phenomenon of pharmacological academic performance enhancement via prescription and illicit (psycho-) stimulant use (Amphetamines, Methylphenidate) among university students into a broader context. Specifically, we wanted to further understand students’ experiences, the effects of use on students and other factors, such as pressure to perform in their academic and private lives. Methods A sample of 18 healthy university students reporting the non-medical use of prescription and illicit stimulants for academic performance enhancement was interviewed in a face-to-face setting. The leading questions were related to the situations and context in which the students considered the non-medical use of stimulants. Results Based on the resultant transcript, two independent raters identified six categories relating to the life context of stimulant use for academic performance enhancement: Context of stimulant use beyond academic performance enhancement, Subjective experience of enhancement, Timing of consumption, Objective academic results, Side effects, Pressure to perform. Conclusions The answers reveal that academic performance enhancement through the use of stimulants is not an isolated phenomenon that solely aims at enhancing cognition to achieve better academic results but that the multifaceted life context in which it is embedded is of crucial relevance. The participants not only considered the stimulants advantageous for enhancing academic performance, but also for leading an active life with a suitable balance between studying and time off. The most common reasons given for stimulant use were to maximize time, to increase motivation and to cope with memorizing. According to the interviews, there is a considerable discrepancy between subjective experiences and objective academic results achieved.

2014-01-01

86

Financing Academic Research Facilities: A National Need.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines possible changes to provide increased federal funding for university-based research facilities. The difficulties of converting between depreciation and use allowances are discussed, as is the possibility of using current market value versus acquisition cost as a basis for costing calculations and splitting the indirect cost…

Norris, Julie T.

1990-01-01

87

Industrial support of orthopaedic research in the academic setting.  

PubMed

Industry support provides critical resources for researchers in departments of orthopaedic surgery, and affords research that otherwise likely would not be possible. However, in contrast to sponsorship from the federal agencies or most foundations, corporate sponsorship raises ethical, practical, and legal issues for the individual researcher, the department, the academic institution, the scientific community at large, and industry. Most of these issues relate to ownership of intellectual property, confidentiality, disclosure of results, and apparent bias. For the public the issues involve ethical issues, including trust. Academic institutions have evolved approaches for contracts with industry, which minimize, but not eliminate these problems. Given appropriate contracts, corporate sponsorship of research is not only mutually beneficial, but for many departments, critical. PMID:12838051

Brand, Richard A; Buckwalter, Joseph A; Talman, Charlotte L; Happe, Daniel G

2003-07-01

88

Combining peer instruction and audience response systems to enhance academic performance, facilitate active learning and promote peer-assisted learning communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research shows that peer-assisted learning can enhance students' motivation, academic self-concept, academic performance and retention. Building on constructivist theory, this study investigates the use of audience response systems, or clickers, and peer instruction (PI) to engage students in class, to increase the students' engagement and sense of community, both in and out of the classroom, and to increase the

Gallayanee Yaoyuneyong; Amy Thornton

2011-01-01

89

Research evaluation and competition for academic positions in occupational medicine.  

PubMed

Citation analysis is widely used to evaluate the performance of individual researchers, journals, and universities. Its outcome plays a crucial role in the decision-making process of ranking applicants for an academic position. A number of indicators, including the h-index reflecting both scientific productivity and its relevance in medical fields, are available through the Web of Knowledge( sm ) and Scopus®. In the field of occupational medicine, the adoption of the h-index in assessing the value of core journals shows some advantages compared with traditional bibliometrics and may encourage researchers to submit their papers. Although evaluation of the overall individual performance for academic positions should assess several aspects, scientific performance is usually based on citation analysis indicators. Younger researchers should be aware of the new approach based on transparent threshold rules for career promotion and need to understand the new evaluation systems based on metrics. PMID:23428063

Franco, Giuliano

2013-01-01

90

Strategies to Enhance Interpersonal Relations in Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between interpersonal skills is positively correlated with effective academic advising. Professional academic advisors feel significant pressure to meet a wide array of student needs, increase retention rates, help students in their efforts of academic achievement and career exploration, and support institutions to excel in…

Hughey, Judy K.

2011-01-01

91

Total Stock of Academic Research Instruments Tops $6 Billion in 1993  

NSF Publications Database

Total Stock of Academic Research Instruments Tops $6 Billion in 1993(June 6, 1997) This SRS Data ... findings from the 1993 Survey of Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs concerning ...

92

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

93

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs. [Final report  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

94

Journal clubs: an educational approach to advance understanding among community partners and academic researchers about CBPR and cancer health disparities.  

PubMed

Journal clubs may enhance the knowledge and skills necessary to engage in community-based participatory research (CBPR) that will ultimately impact cancer health disparities. This article (1) describes an innovative approach to adapting the traditional journal club format to meet community and academic participants' needs, (2) presents evaluation data, and (3) explores whether responses differed between academic and community members. Five journal clubs occurred between February 2011 and May 2012 as a training activity of a regional cancer health disparities initiative. Each journal club was jointly planned and facilitated by an academic member in collaboration with a community partner. Attendees were recruited from academic programs across the Moffitt Cancer Center/University and community partners. Responses to a 13-item evaluation of each journal club session were compared to assess whether certain topics were evaluated more favorably, and explore differences between academic and community participants' assessment of the topic relevance. Evaluations were positive (mean ratings >4 out of 5) on most items and overall. No statistically significant differences were observed between academic and community members' ratings. Key overlapping interests by community partners and academic researchers/trainees for future journal club topics included discussing real-world CBPR examples and methods for involving the community in research. Although the initial goal was to use journal clubs as an educational tool to increase CBPR knowledge and skills of junior faculty trainees, results suggest mutual academic-community benefit and interest in learning more about CBPR as a way to reduce cancer health disparities. PMID:24078328

Vadaparampil, Susan T; Simmons, Vani N; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Malo, Teri; Klasko, Lynne; Rodriguez, Maria; Waddell, Rhonda; Gwede, Clement K; Meade, Cathy D

2014-03-01

95

Academic-industry research relationships in genetics: a field apart.  

PubMed

Academic-industry research relationships (AIRRS) have become widely accepted and increasingly common in the life sciences. Using nationwide surveys from the United States, we found significant differences between the AIRRs of genetics firms and faculty and those of other firms and faculty. Significantly more genetics than non-genetics firms funded AIRRs, and genetics firms' AIRRs were larger and longer. Genetics faculty with AIRRs were significantly more likely than non-genetics faculty to report that patents, licenses, new companies and trade secrets had resulted from their university research; and that they had refused to share research results of biomaterials with colleagues. PMID:9140405

Blumenthal, D; Causino, N; Campbell, E G

1997-05-01

96

The Linkage System[C]: Linking Academic Content Standards and Occupational Skill Standards. A Process To Enhance Workforce Quality and Improve Academic Performance. Version 1.2. Revised [and] Taxonomy of Academic Performance Indicators: An Update of the V-TECS/Snyder Basic/Essential Skills Taxonomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Linkage System is a process that was designed in 1997 to improve academic performance for all students and to enhance work force quality by linking academic content standards to occupational skill standards. The Linkage System is based on research and development conducted by the Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States (V-TECS).…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

97

Enhancing Student Learning with Academic and Student Affairs Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the student affairs profession developed, expanded, and specialized over the last century, a disconnect occurred between student affairs professionals and academics. Despite that separation, the literature on student affairs in higher education supports the need for movement towards collaboration and integration of academic affairs and student…

Frost, Robert A.; Strom, Stephen L.; Downey, JoAnna; Schultz, Deanna D.; Holland, Teresa A.

2010-01-01

98

Rhetorical Strategies in Engineering Research Articles and Research Theses: Advanced Academic Literacy and Relations of Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research articles and research theses constitute two key genres used by scientific communities for the dissemination and ratification of knowledge. Both genres are produced at advanced stages of individuals' enculturation in disciplinary communities present original research aim to persuade the academic community to accept new knowledge claims,…

Koutsantoni, Dimitra

2006-01-01

99

Academic Performance and Perceived Validity of Grades: An Additional Case for Self-Enhancement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the role of academic self-esteem and academic performance in 208 U. S. college students' perceptions of the validity of their grades. Data collected through a questionnaire. Finds that regardless of self-esteem, the students with higher GPAs saw grades as more valid. This finding is in accordance with weak forms of self-enhancement

Woo, Tae O.; Frank, Nancy

2000-01-01

100

Seeking Alternative Researcher Identities in Newcomer Academic Institutions in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proliferating excellence gold standards in the global academic system tend to obscure the far-reaching diversification of academic missions, practices, ambitions and identities brought by massification. This article approaches this topic by a review of theory on academic scholarship and how it has changed in the wake of academic massification and…

Hallonsten, Olof

2012-01-01

101

Advancing Pharmacist Scholarship and Research Within Academic Pharmacy  

PubMed Central

An appropriate balance between teaching, scholarship, and service is important for a faculty member to have a satisfying and successful career. The relative emphasis on each area normally changes during the course of a career. Although some level of scholarly output is an ongoing and fundamental expectation of all faculty members, this activity is too often given low priority, particularly among faculty members in practice areas who may have a minimal background in research and large demands on their time for teaching and clinical service. Addressing this issue requires establishing a shared commitment between administrators and faculty members, as well as identifying or developing education programs that will ensure research competence for practice faculty members. This paper provides insights into the role that scholarship and research should have for all pharmacy faculty members and provides suggestions for how to better advance this critical component within academic pharmacy.

Svensson, Craig K.

2012-01-01

102

Study on the eco-academic system of research teams in colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the improvement of academic status and its growing influence, research team and its system structure is more and more important as a basic research unit of the eco-academic system. The importance of eco-system is first researched, and then the concept of the ecosystem and research team of university are introduced, a stratified analysis for the eco-academic system of university

Xu Gang; Liu Bing; Wang Lei

2011-01-01

103

NSF's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR): Subsidizing Academic Research or State Budgets?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-state empirical study focuses on the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) and examines its impact on the academic research and development (R&D) expenditures financed by state governments. Based on a panel of 50 states during 1979-2006, the empirical results indicate that…

Wu, Yonghong

2009-01-01

104

Demographic and Academic Factors Affecting Research Productivity at the University of KwaZulu-Natal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research output affects both the strength and funding of universities. Accordingly university academic staff members are under pressure to be active and productive in research. Though all academics have research interest, all are not producing research output which is accredited by the Department of Education (DOE). We analyzed the demographic and…

North, D.; Zewotir, T.; Murray, M.

2011-01-01

105

Increasing the Visibility of the Library within the Academic Research Enterprise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic libraries support their universities' goals of developing and maintaining successful research programs. As the information landscape and researcher practices change, recognition of the library's role in supporting research may be diminishing. This article will explore some aspects of the academic research enterprise and identify…

Healy, Annette M.

2010-01-01

106

The Future of the Academic Calling? Junior Researchers in the Entrepreneurial University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores what motivates junior researchers to engage in academic work and what questions are central for their academic identities. The context of the study is the entrepreneurial orientation of today's university, which according to many leaves little space for the academic calling. The main argument is that the identity work of the…

Hakala, Johanna

2009-01-01

107

Academic Engagement of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Existing Research, Issues, and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic engagement is a multidimensional construct that is gaining increasing attention in education as a means of promoting positive academic and social behavior outcomes for diverse learners across all levels of education. However, this review revealed that research on academic engagement of students with emotional and behavioral disorders…

Al-Hendawi, Maha

2012-01-01

108

Biomedical research and corporate interests: a question of academic freedom.  

PubMed

The current situation in medicine has been described as a crisis of credibility, as the profit motive of industry has taken control of clinical trials and the dissemination of data. Pharmaceutical companies maintain a stranglehold over the content of medical journals in three ways: (1) by ghostwriting articles that bias the results of clinical trials, (2) by the sheer economic power they exert on journals due to the purchase of drug advertisements and journal reprints, and (3) by the threat of legal action against those researchers who seek to correct the misrepresentation of study results. This paper argues that Karl Popper's critical rationalism provides a corrective to the failure of academic freedom in biomedical research. PMID:22013356

McHenry, Leemon

2008-01-01

109

Increasing Academic Excellence and Enhancing Diversity Are Compatible Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is possible to simultaneously increase academic excellence and diversity. This article describes how the theory of successful intelligence can be used to accomplish both of these goals. The theory postulates that intelligence comprises creative skills in generating novel ideas, analytical skills in discerning whether they are good ideas, and…

Sternberg, Robert Jeffrey

2008-01-01

110

Academic performance and perceived validity of grades: an additional case for self-enhancement.  

PubMed

The authors investigated the role of academic self-esteem and academic performance in U.S. college students' perceptions of the validity of their grades (overall grade point average [GPA]). A sample of 208 (80 male, 128 female) college students completed a survey that included an academic self-esteem scale and a measure of the perceived validity of grades. The authors assessed academic performance level by the participants' actual overall GPAs. The results of a hierarchical multiple regression analysis supported the weak form of self-enhancement theory (J. S. Shrauger, 1975). Thus, regardless of their self-esteem levels, the students with higher GPAs, compared with those with lower GPAs, tended to see the overall GPA as a more valid indicator of academic ability. PMID:10808645

Woo, T O; Frank, N

2000-04-01

111

Towards a Holistic Framework for Driving Performance in Externally-Funded Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A gradual shift in United Kingdom research funding from blanket financing by government agencies towards more diversified income streams through activities funded by various customers is prompting academic research institutions to orient their research portfolios accordingly. Academic organisations such as university institutes are increasingly…

Hagermann, Axel

2009-01-01

112

Quality Criteria of Research Perceived by Academics in Social Sciences at Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the problem of research quality in social sciences at higher education. Quality of research produced at higher education started to be questioned more often as research became the major factor determining academics' promotion and fund allocation to universities. In the study, we aimed to reveal how academics

Bakioglu, Aysen; Kurnaz, Ozlem

2009-01-01

113

What Influences the Utilisation of Educational Research by Policy-Makers and Practitioners?: The Perspectives of Academic Educational Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of education much has been made of the need for academics to engage more closely with policy-makers and practitioners in the process of knowledge production and research uptake. This paper reports results from a survey of academic educational researchers in Australia on their experience of research uptake and engagement with…

Cherney, Adrian; Povey, Jenny; Head, Brian; Boreham, Paul; Ferguson, Michele

2012-01-01

114

The Ethics of Research on Enhancement Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomedical enhancement interventions to make people stronger, smarter, and happier are currently being developed. Research to assess these enhancements should be conducted before their introduction into clinical practice. But, many worry that enhancement research is unethical. Some contend that the practice of biomedical enhancements is unethical; accordingly, research that enables such practice would be unethical. Others suggest that research on

Franklin G. Miller Ori Lev; Ezekiel J. Emanuel

2010-01-01

115

Early career academic researchers and community-based participatory research: wrestling match or dancing partners?  

PubMed

Early career faculty members at academic medical centers face unique obstacles when engaging in community-based participatory research (CBPR). Challenges and opportunities for solutions pertaining to mentorship, time demands, unfamiliarity of colleagues with CBPR approaches, ethical review regulations, funding, and publication and promotion are discussed. PMID:24330696

Lowry, Kelly Walker; Ford-Paz, Rebecca

2013-12-01

116

Troubling our Desires for Research and Writing within the Academic Development Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I speculate on the work ‘usefulness’ does to regulate the research and writing of the scholarship of academic development project. My argument is not that academic developers ought to repudiate a fidelity to usefulness; rather, I want to expand our ideas for the possibilities of research and writing beyond purposes of institutional performativity that so often dominate

Tai Peseta

2007-01-01

117

The Interface between Arts Practice and Research: Attitudes and Perceptions of Australian Artist-Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst an academic working in the arts may have been appointed as a consequence of artistic accomplishment and a capacity to teach, the research that underpins such work is an intrinsic part of its production and also needs to be recognised. In Australia, the ability of the artist-academic to translate research into a form that is respected and…

Wright, David George; Bennett, Dawn; Blom, Diana

2010-01-01

118

The Effects of University-Industry Relationships and Academic Research on Scientific Performance: Synergy or Substitution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates whether university-industry relationships (UIR) and academic research activities have complementary effects on the scientific production of university lecturers. The analysis is based on a case study of two Spanish universities. We find that the effects of R&D contracts with industry, and academic research activity on…

Manjarres-Henriquez, Liney; Gutierrez-Gracia, Antonio; Carrion-Garcia, Andres; Vega-Jurado, Jaider

2009-01-01

119

Enhancing Ocean Research Data Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) works in partnership with ocean science investigators to publish data from research projects funded by the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections and the Office of Polar Programs Antarctic Organisms & Ecosystems Program at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Since 2006, researchers have been contributing data to the BCO-DMO data system, and it has developed into a rich repository of data from ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research programs. While the ultimate goal of the BCO-DMO is to ensure preservation of NSF funded project data and to provide open access to those data, achievement of those goals is attained through a series of related phases that benefits from active collaboration and cooperation with a large community of research scientists as well as curators of data and information at complementary data repositories. The BCO-DMO is just one of many intermediate data management centers created to facilitate long-term preservation of data and improve access to ocean research data. Through partnerships with other data management professionals and active involvement in local and global initiatives, BCO-DMO staff members are working to enhance access to ocean research data available from the online BCO-DMO data system. Continuing efforts in use of controlled vocabulary terms, development of ontology design patterns and publication of content as Linked Open Data are contributing to improved discovery and availability of BCO-DMO curated data and increased interoperability of related content available from distributed repositories. We will demonstrate how Semantic Web technologies (e.g. RDF/XML, SKOS, OWL and SPARQL) have been integrated into BCO-DMO data access and delivery systems to better serve the ocean research community and to contribute to an expanding global knowledge network.

Chandler, Cynthia; Groman, Robert; Shepherd, Adam; Allison, Molly; Arko, Robert; Chen, Yu; Fox, Peter; Glover, David; Hitzler, Pascal; Leadbetter, Adam; Narock, Thomas; West, Patrick; Wiebe, Peter

2014-05-01

120

Do Learning Skills Acquired in the University Access Programme Enhance Participation in Academic Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I critically evaluate whether or not learning skills acquired in the university access programme enhance participation in academic practice. University access programmes have been developed with a view to preparing and empowering under-prepared students who did not meet the university criteria. The article claims that even though…

Hlalele, D. J.

2010-01-01

121

Academic Staff Research Productivity: A Study of Universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined academic staff research productivity in Universities in South-South zone of Nigeria. Ex post facto design was adopted for this study. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. The sample size comprised of 480 academic staff drawn from a population of 3120. Data collection was carried out using a…

Usang, Bassey; Basil, Akuegwu; Lucy, Udida; Udey, Franca U.

2007-01-01

122

Research Students and Community Development: The Challenges of Integrating Academic Expectations with Community Needs and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While universities can play a major role in advancing research-based community development, academic discourses of rigor, quality and ethics often conflict with the participatory and collaborative approaches required by community development principles. While experienced academics often have difficulty negotiating these issues, they present…

Darcy, Michael; Nicholls, Ruth; Roffey, Christopher; Rogers, Dallas

2008-01-01

123

Cooperative Learning and the Academically Talented Student. Research-Based Decision Making Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research base on cooperative learning was examined for its applicability to academically talented students. Common types of cooperative learning are described with highlights of the model characteristics as they apply to academically talented students. The models include: Teams-Games-Tournament (TGT); Student Teams Achievement Divisions…

Robinson, Ann

124

Addressing Research at the Intersection of Academic Literacies and New Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic literacies research has significantly informed educational practice across a range of disciplines. But this influence has largely been through a focus on genres of written language. The growth of new information and communication technologies demands a broader view of academic literacy and how it now informs situations of learning. This…

Crook, Charles

2005-01-01

125

The Changing Academic Profession in the UK and beyond. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report provides a summary of the UK part of the international study of the changing academic profession, which has been supported by Universities UK and other national higher education bodies. The international study aims to examine the nature and extent of the changes experienced by academics, the reasons for these changes and their…

Locke, William; Bennion, Alice

2010-01-01

126

The Council of Research and Academic Libraries: An Example of Interlibrary Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the history, organization, and activities of the Council of Research and Academic Libraries, a multitype library cooperative composed of academic, public and special libraries and located in San Antonio, Texas. The consortium's history is traced from the events preceding and leading to its founding in 1966 to the present time,…

Cain, Mark E.

127

Research and Mapping for MCEECDYA Project: Student Academic Engagement. Report 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Research and Mapping for MCEECDYA Project: Student Academic Engagement was to examine the characteristics of schools with a low Index of Community Socio-Educational Advantage (ICSEA) from all jurisdictions that were identified to be making a difference to student academic and to identify the key drivers and characteristics of…

Ure, Christine; Gray, Jan

2012-01-01

128

Georgia Teachers in Academic Laboratories: Research Experiences in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Georgia Intern-Fellowships for Teachers (GIFT) is a collaborative effort designed to enhance mathematics and science experiences of Georgia teachers and their students through summer research internships for teachers. By offering business, industry, public science institute and research summer fellowships to teachers, GIFT provides educators with first-hand exposure to the skills and knowledge necessary for the preparation of our future workforce. Since 1991, GIFT has placed middle and high school mathematics, science and technology teachers in over 1000 positions throughout the state. In these fellowships, teachers are involved in cutting edge scientific and engineering research, data analysis, curriculum development and real-world inquiry and problem solving, and create Action Plans to assist them in translating the experience into changed classroom practice. Since 2004, an increasing number of high school students have worked with their teachers in research laboratories. The GIFT program places an average of 75 teachers per summer into internship positions. In the summer of 2005, 83 teachers worked in corporate and research environments throughout the state of Georgia and six of these positions involved authentic research in geoscience related departments at the Georgia Institute of Technology, including aerospace engineering and the earth and atmospheric sciences laboratories. This presentation will review the history and the structure of the program including the support system for teachers and mentors as well as the emphasis on inquiry based learning strategies. The focus of the presentation will be a comparison of two placement models of the teachers placed in geoscience research laboratories: middle school earth science teachers placed in a 6 week research experience and high school teachers placed in 7 week internships with teams of 3 high school students. The presentation will include interviews with faculty to determine the value of these experiences to the scientific community and interviews/classroom observations of teachers to determine the transfer of knowledge from the teacher to the students through the implementation of their Action Plans into their classroom.

Barrett, D.

2005-12-01

129

Perceptions of community-based participatory research in the Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative: an academic perspective.  

PubMed

Lower Mississippi Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative (Delta NIRI) is an academic-community partnership between seven academic institutions and three communities in Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. A range of community-based participatory methods have been used to develop sustainable nutrition intervention strategies. Focus groups were conducted with 22 faculty and staff members from the academic partners on the project to document their perceptions of community-based participatory processes in a federally funded, multi-academic-community partnership spanning a decade. Focus groups were conducted to glean insights or lessons from the experiences of academic personnel. Focus groups were transcribed and analyzed using the constant comparative method. Two researchers analyzed each transcript independently and reached consensus on the consistent themes. Participants candidly shared their experiences of working with community members to devise research plans, implement programs, and evaluate outcomes. The majority of faculty and staff members were attracted to this project by an excitement for conducting a more egalitarian and potentially more successful type of research. Yet each academic partner voiced that there was an underlying disconnect between community practices and research procedures during the project. Additional barriers to collaboration and action, located in communities and academic institutions, were described. Academic partners stressed the importance of open and ongoing communication, collective decision-making strategies, and techniques that support power sharing between all parties involved in the project. Findings from this research can inform academic-community partnerships and hopefully improve the community-based participatory research process implemented by academic institutions and communities. PMID:20530639

Downey, Laura Hall; Castellanos, Diana Cuy; Yadrick, Kathy; Avis-Williams, Amanda; Graham-Kresge, Susan; Bogle, Margaret

2011-09-01

130

Using ICT to enhance academic learning: Pedagogy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) has created immense opportunities to enhance the educational process at all levels, but especially in university and professional curricula such as architecture. Using the new tools effectively will require that teachers become comfortable with existing new technologies, but more importantly, with the innovations that appear with increasing rapidity. In short, they

Tsung Juang Wang

2008-01-01

131

Revival by automation of induction generator for distributed power systems, in Romanian academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper approaches the half-century history and the main research results of the academic staff and researchers from “Politehnica” University of Timisoara (Universitatea “Politehnica” Timisoara—UPT) and their collaboration with the academic, research and production environment concerning the use of induction machine as power supply in microhydro plants and windmills in particular; from among these collaborators we mention: The Romanian Academy—Timisoara

Nicolae Budisan; Octavian Prostean; Nicolae Robu; Ioan Filip

2007-01-01

132

Idiocentrism-allocentrism and academics' self-efficacy for research in Beijing universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article aims to explore how self-efficacy is related to academic research activities and how intra-culturally relevant factors may play a role in self-efficacy in the context of higher education in Beijing. In particular, relationships of self-efficacy for research with research productivity and idiocentrism-allocentrism are to be examined. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey was administered to academics in ten

Jingsong Zhao; John McCormick; Katherine Hoekman

2008-01-01

133

Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research  

SciTech Connect

Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

James W. Bunger

2006-11-30

134

School-based health centers and academic performance: research, challenges, and recommendations.  

PubMed

School-based health centers (SBHCs) provide physical and mental health services on school campuses to improve student health status, and thereby potentially facilitate student academic success. With a growing emphasis on school accountability and the simultaneous dwindling of resources at the federal, state, and local levels, SBHCs face increasing pressures from school administrators and funders to document their impact on student academic achievement. This article reviews the methods, findings, and limitations of studies that have examined the relationship between SBHCs and academic performance. It also describes methodological challenges of conducting and interpreting such research, and discusses factors and intermediate variables that influence student academic performance. Recommendations are offered for SBHC researchers, evaluators, and service providers in response to the pressure they are facing to document the effect of SBHC services on academic outcomes. PMID:15656260

Geierstanger, Sara Peterson; Amaral, Gorette; Mansour, Mona; Walters, Susan Russell

2004-11-01

135

Academic Achievement Enhanced by Personal Digital Assistant Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research during the past decade suggests that integrating computing technology in general, and mobile computers in particular, into the educational environment has positive effects. This is the first long-term study of high school Personal Digital Assistant use. It involved three-parts, 146 students during four years. Part one found that PDA use…

Bick, Alexander

2005-01-01

136

Using an Academic-Content Seminar to Engage Students with the Culture of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty and administrators at many research-intensive institutions are concerned about effectively introducing students to the research culture that sets research institutions apart from technical and junior colleges. The first-year seminar with academic content might accomplish this objective because it can be focused on students' own research

Brent, Doug

2006-01-01

137

Collection Development Strategies for Academic and Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of six papers and comments from a workshop focuses on three aspects of collection development--budget implications, communication with faculty, and written policies. Points of view are expressed by speakers from small- and medium-sized academic, private, and public libraries in Michigan. The first paper discusses the implication of…

Rader, Hannelore B., Ed.

138

The Effects of University–Industry Relationships and Academic Research On Scientific Performance: Synergy or Substitution?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates whether university–industry relationships (UIR) and academic research activities have complementary effects\\u000a on the scientific production of university lecturers. The analysis is based on a case study of two Spanish universities. We\\u000a find that the effects of R&D contracts with industry, and academic research activity on scientific production are synergistic,\\u000a but only when the R&D contracts account for

Liney Manjarrés-Henríquez; Antonio Gutiérrez-Gracia; Andrés Carrión-García; Jaider Vega-Jurado

2009-01-01

139

Learning commons: Bridging the academic and student affairs divide to enhance learning across campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Guelph Learning Commons brings student affairs professionals and librarians together to offer students a coherent and integrated approach to learning, writing, research, and technology support. It is distinguished by three characteristics: (1) a partnership model between academic and student affairs; (2) a solid foundation of theoretical perspectives to guide program development; and (3) a conceptual model to

Nancy Schmidt; Janet Kaufman

2005-01-01

140

Academic Research Equipment in Selected Science/Engineering Fields, 1982-83. An Analysis of Findings from the Baseline National Survey of Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis of data from the baseline cycle of the National Science Foundation instrumentation survey has two principal objectives, namely, to construct and examine a variety of quantitative statistical indicators describing major characteristics of the current national stock of academic research equipment and to document differences among…

Burgdorf, Kenneth; Hausman, Howard J.

141

Academic research opportunities at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency(NGA)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vision of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is to "Know the Earth...Show the Way." To achieve this vision, the NGA provides geospatial intelligence in all its forms and from whatever source-imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial data and information-to ensure the knowledge foundation for planning, decision, and action. Academia plays a key role in the NGA research and development program through the NGA Academic Research Program. This multi-disciplinary program of basic research in geospatial intelligence topics provides grants and fellowships to the leading investigators, research universities, and colleges of the nation. This research provides the fundamental science support to NGA's applied and advanced research programs. The major components of the NGA Academic Research Program are: *NGA University Research Initiatives (NURI): Three-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators across the US academic community. Topics are selected to provide the scientific basis for advanced and applied research in NGA core disciplines. *Historically Black College and University - Minority Institution Research Initiatives (HBCU-MI): Two-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators at Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and Minority Institutions across the US academic community. *Intelligence Community Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships: Fellowships providing access to advanced research in science and technology applicable to the intelligence community's mission. The program provides a pool of researchers to support future intelligence community needs and develops long-term relationships with researchers as they move into career positions. This paper provides information about the NGA Academic Research Program, the projects it supports and how researchers and institutions can apply for grants under the program. In addition, other opportunities for academia to engage with NGA through training programs and recruitment are discussed.

Loomer, Scott A.

2006-06-01

142

Academic Research at a South African Higher Education Institution: Quality Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to critically analyse how a university context influences the quality of academics' research output. Wenger's social theory of learning was used as theoretical framework. The investigation involved an ethnographic case study of the research culture at one college at the institution. Data collection was mainly by means…

Schulze, S.

2008-01-01

143

Sources of research confidence for early career academics: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a paucity of studies investigating how early career academics (ECAs) form attitudes towards aspects of their work and gain skills in research, teaching and service. This is especially the case with respect to research. A review of the pertinent literature revealed the prominence of a notion of research self-efficacy (or confidence) and how it was aligned with the

Brian Hemmings

2012-01-01

144

Sources of research confidence for early career academics: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a paucity of studies investigating how early career academics (ECAs) form attitudes towards aspects of their work and gain skills in research, teaching and service. This is especially the case with respect to research. A review of the pertinent literature revealed the prominence of a notion of research self-efficacy (or confidence) and how it was aligned with the

Brian Hemmings

2011-01-01

145

Sources of Research Confidence for Early Career Academics: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of studies investigating how early career academics (ECAs) form attitudes towards aspects of their work and gain skills in research, teaching and service. This is especially the case with respect to research. A review of the pertinent literature revealed the prominence of a notion of research self-efficacy (or confidence) and…

Hemmings, Brian

2012-01-01

146

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of Departments,…

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

147

Conceptualising Higher Education Research and/or Academic Development as "Fields": A Critical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper calls into question the idea that we can simply think about higher education as a research field and explores different meanings of the term field. It asks whether there are related fields: research into higher education, academic development and disciplinary teaching research, rather than one. The approach of the paper is conceptual,…

Clegg, Sue

2012-01-01

148

Buying-Out Teaching for Research: The Views of Academics and Their Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the practice of buying-out teaching to create time for research. A study was carried out, at a regional university in Australia, with academics in receipt of research grant funds (and therefore with the means to buy out teaching), Heads of School, and the Deputy Vice Chancellors responsible respectively for research and for…

Smith, Erica; Smith, Andrew

2012-01-01

149

EPA AND THE ACADEMIC COMMUNITY - PARTNERS IN RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes EPA's anticipatory research program for establishing institutional research centers. The center concept is intended to obtain the assistance of the best available researchers to establish a focal point of continuing research in specific areas fundamental to e...

150

EPA and the Academic Community - Partners in Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes EPA's anticipatory research program for establishing institutional research centers. The center concept is intended to obtain the assistance of the best available researchers to establish a focal point of continuing research in specif...

1979-01-01

151

Opportunity for academic research in a low-gravity environment - Crystal growth  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The history of basic and applied research on crystal growth (CG), especially of semiconductor materials, is reviewed, stressing the dominance (at least in the U.S.) of industrial R&D projects over academic programs and the need for more extensive fundamental investigations. The NASA microgravity research program and the recommendations of the University Space Research Association are examined as they affect the availability of space facilities for academic CG research. Also included is a report on ground experiments on the effectiveness of magnetic fields in controlling vertical Bridgman CG and melt stability, using the apparatus employed in the Apollo-Soyuz experiments (Witt et al., 1978); the results are presented in graphs and briefly characterized. The role of NASA's microgravity CG program in stimulating academic work on CG, the importance of convection effects, CG work on materials other than semiconductors, and NSF support of CG research are discussed in a comment by R. F. Sekerka.

Matthiesen, D. H.; Wargo, M. J.; Witt, A. F.

1986-01-01

152

Strengthening Institutional Research Administration in Uganda: A Case Study on Developing Collaborations among Academic and Research Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the presence of several funded research projects at academic and research institutions in sub-Saharan Africa, the quality of the pre/post grant award process in these institutions is inadequate. There is a need to strengthen research administration through infrastructural, organizational, and human resource development to match the dynamic…

Kakande, Nelson; Namirembe, Regina; Kaye, Dan K.; Mugyenyi, Peter N.

2012-01-01

153

Research Plan of the Department of Systems Engineering and the Operations Research Center for Academic Year 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to formally present the research program of the U.S. Military Academy Department of Systems Engineering (DSE) and the Operations Research Center for Excellence (ORCEN) for the Academic Year 06-07. The research plan includes...

S. R. Goerger T. E. Trainor P. Finnegan

2006-01-01

154

Characteristics and Causes for Non-Accrued Clinical Research (NACR) at an Academic Medical Institution  

PubMed Central

Background The impact of non-accrued clinical research (NACR) represents an important economic burden that is under consideration as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services looks into reforming the regulations governing IRB review. NACR refers to clinical research projects that fail to enroll subjects. A delineation of the issues surrounding NACR is expected to enhance subject accrual and to minimize occurrence of NACR. The authors assessed demographics, characteristics, and reasons for NACR at an academic medical center, including time trends, funding source, research team (principal investigator, department), IRB resource utilization (IRB level of review, number of required IRB reviews, initial IRB turn-around time, and duration of NACR). Methods The authors analyzed data from 848 clinical research study closures during 2010 and 2011 to determine proportion, incidence, and characteristics of NACR. Studies with subject enrollment during the same time period were used as a comparative measure. Results Data from 704 (83.0%) study closures reported enrollment of 1 or more subjects while 144 (17.0 %) reported NACR (zero enrollment). PI-reported reasons for NACR included: 32 (22.2%) contract or funding issues; 43 (30.0%) insufficient study-dedicated resources; 41 (28.4%) recruitment issues; 17 (11.8%) sponsor-initiated study closure and 11 (7.6%) were “other/reason unreported”. Conclusions NACR is not uncommon, affecting about one in six clinical research projects in the study population and reported to be more common in some other institutions. The complex and fluid nature of research conduct, non-realistic enrollment goals, and delays in both the approval and/or accrual processes contribute to NACR. Results suggest some simple strategies that investigators and institutions may use to reduce NACR, including careful feasibility assessment, reduction of institutional delays, and prompt initiation of subject accrual for multi-center studies using competitive enrollment. Institutional action to support investigators in the conduct clinical research is also encouraged to reduce likelihood of NACR.

Tice, Debra G.; Carroll, Kelly A.; Bhatt, Karishma H.; Belknap, Steven M.; Mai, David; Gipson, Heather J.; West, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

155

The General Electric-Association of University Radiologists Radiology Research Academic Fellowship (GERRAF). An industry-academic collaboration to improve clinical research in radiology.  

PubMed

The association of GE Medical Systems and the AUR represents a unique collaboration between academic radiology and industry that bears important potential for elevating the quality of clinical research in radiology and developing a cadre of high-quality radiologist researchers for the future. The establishment of the GERRAF is especially timely given the new imperatives of the rapidly changing health care environment, with its emphasis on expenditure reduction. The ultimate goals of GERRAF are to develop research leaders for radiology that will provide guidance for appropriate clinical practice, better train future researchers, and secure the role of radiologists in caring for patients. PMID:8496030

Hillman, B J; Fryback, D G; Holden, R W; McNeil, B J; Molitor, R M; Moss, A A; Peck, P V; Putman, C E; Thompson, W M

1993-05-01

156

Using Computers To Enhance Action Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the potential benefits of using computers to enhance the action research process for classroom teachers. An argument is made for classifying action research as a type of qualitative methodology. This argument is then used to apply the literature on computer use in qualitative research to its use in action research; advantages…

Adamy, Peter

157

A Research Study for Developing a Strategic Plan for Recruiting Academically Superior Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this document was conducted to facilitate strategic recruiting and marketing plans aimed at enhancing enrollments of academically superior students at the University of Wisconsin-Washington County (UWWC). Data on college choice criteria, perceptions, evaluations, information sources, "influentials," and choice outcomes…

Prasad, Sarada; Murphy, Michael

158

Bridging the Gap between Academic Research and Regional Development in the Basque Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion in this article focuses on how the gap between academic knowledge and regional development can be bridged, creating conditions for change processes between researchers and regional agents. Institutional entrepreneurs can create regional development organisations and research organisations, but in order to fulfil regional needs it is…

Karlsen, James; Larrea, Miren; Wilson, James R.; Aranguren, Mari Jose

2012-01-01

159

Building Sustainable Academic Research in a "Teaching and Learning" Intensive Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic research is increasingly interdisciplinary, inter-institutional and international. In this context, creating and maintaining the balance in the nexus between research, teaching and learning and industry interaction is central to the operation and reputation of a university-level institute. In seeking sustainability, the perennial…

Jerrams, Steve; Betts, Tony; Carton, Janet

2008-01-01

160

The Role of Research in Academic Psychiatric Departments: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors demonstrate the role that research can play in the development of an academic department of psychiatry. Method: The authors explore the challenges and achievements in the transition of one department from a strong clinically- and educationally-centered department to one with an equally strong research focus. Results: The…

Pato, Carlos; Abulseoud, Osama; Pato, Michelle

2011-01-01

161

A Novel Economic Approach to the Evaluation of Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a new analytical tool, data envelope analysis (DEA) model, which can provide better understanding of the efficiency of academic research libraries. Reports the results of a study using 1994-1995 Association of Research Libraries statistics together with expert judgments, in terms of constraints, to make the model more applicable to the…

Shim, Wonsik; Kantor, Paul B.

1998-01-01

162

Technology to Support Writing by Students with Learning and Academic Disabilities: Recent Research Trends and Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trends and findings from a descriptive analysis of 25 years of research studies examining the effectiveness of technology to support the compositional writing of students with learning and academic disabilities are presented. A corpus of 85 applied research studies of writing technology effectiveness was identified from among 249 items in the…

Peterson-Karlan, George R.

2011-01-01

163

Research Cultures in English and Scottish University Education Departments: An Exploratory Study of Academic Staff Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports the findings of a small-scale qualitative investigation into academic staff perceptions of research cultures across 10 English and Scottish university education departments. The study sheds light on four interrelated issues: the nature of research cultures, perceived facilitators, perceived constraints and the emotional landscape…

Holligan, Chris; Wilson, Michael; Humes, Walter

2011-01-01

164

How Do Interaction Experiences Influence Doctoral Students' Academic Pursuits in Biomedical Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory qualitative study investigated how doctoral students reported their personal and professional interaction experiences that they believed might facilitate or impede their academic pursuits in biomedical research. We collected 19 in-depth interviews with doctoral students in biomedical research from eight universities, and we based…

Kong, Xiaoqing; Chakraverty, Devasmita; Jeffe, Donna B.; Andriole, Dorothy A.; Wathington, Heather D.; Tai, Robert H.

2013-01-01

165

Developing a Sustainable Research Culture in an Independent Academic Medical Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Independent academic medical centers (IAMC) are challenged to develop and support a research enterprise and maintain primary goals of healthcare delivery and financial solvency. Strategies for promoting translational research have been shown to be effective at institutions in the top level of federal funding, but not for smaller IAMCs. The…

Joyce, Jeffrey N.

2013-01-01

166

Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research

Cain, Amanda

2002-01-01

167

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) investigation of the mechanisms of microbially induced oil mobilization; (2) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the

M. M. Sharma; G. Georgiou

1990-01-01

168

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the previous quarterly report we described the criteria for selecting a microorganism for Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery studies. After careful consideration we chose Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 because of its ability to withstand reservoir conditions and the production of a surface active lipopeptide. Detailed experiments were conducted in stirred tank fermenters equipped with pH control and constant sparging of air

M. M. Sharma; G. Georgiou

1990-01-01

169

Expanding Research Capacity at United States Universities: A Study of Academic Research and Development Investment from 1990-2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing emphasis has been placed on universities to contribute to the innovation process and as a result academic research and development expenditures have increased in recent years. Nevertheless, little is known about the specific ways in which universities have expanded their research capacity. This paper examines how universities in the United…

Cantwell, Brendan; Mathies, Charles F.

2012-01-01

170

Annual Faculty Research Report of the Department of Systems Engineering and the Operations Research Center for the Academic Year 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to formally summarize and conclude the research program of the U.S. Military Academy Department of Systems Engineering (DSE) and the Operations Research Center for Excellence (ORCEN) for the Academic Year 2006. The annual r...

S. R. Goerger T. E. Trainor P. Finnegan

2006-01-01

171

Annual Faculty Research Report of the Department of Systems Engineering and the Operations Research Center for the Academic Year 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this document is to formally summarize and conclude the research program of the U.S. Military Academy Department of Systems Engineering (DSE) and the Operations Research Center for Excellence (ORCEN) for the Academic Year 2007. The annual r...

P. Finnegan S. R. Goerger T. E. Trainor

2008-01-01

172

University supply and corporate demand for academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

University research is an important contributor to corporate innovation, but corporate-sponsored research has lagged other\\u000a forms of research expenditure since 2000 and is perceived to be sub-optimal. This paper first examines and interprets reasons\\u000a given by industry participants for this relative underperformance. It next establishes the complexity of this issue by explicating\\u000a different patterns of research relationships for four industry

Roger L. Geiger

2012-01-01

173

How to Channel the Data Deluge in Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the best ways to organize the mass quantities of data that researchers generate, and to share those data to engender new research? Scott Carlson, a senior reporter at "The Chronicle", asked Michael C. Witt, an assistant professor of library science and an interdisciplinary research librarian at Purdue University Libraries and its…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 2008

2008-01-01

174

Kerogen oil value enhancement research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three general categories of products from the Estonia Kukersite kerogen oil were defined: pure compounds, broad range concentrates, and sweet refinery feedstock. Product development and market research center on these three categories. Further attempts we...

J. W. Bunger C. P. Russell D. E. Cogswell

2002-01-01

175

Use of E-Books in an Academic and Research Environment: A Case Study from the Indian Institute of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the use and usability of e-books from the perspectives of users in an academic and research environment. Design/methodology/approach: This study involved an e-mail questionnaire to survey researchers in the academic and research environment of the Indian Institute of Science regarding their use…

Anuradha, K. T.; Usha, H. S.

2006-01-01

176

Unveiling Social and Environmental Accounting Research in Spain: A Narrative of the Mobilisation of the Spanish Academic Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present a personal overview of the process of mobilisation of the social and environmental accounting research (SEAR) Spanish academic community to develop social and environmental accounting research as a legitimate research field. Using the arguments of Hambrick and Chen (2008) for analysing new academic fields as admittance-seeking social movements, a narrative is provided

Carmen Correa

2011-01-01

177

The Potential of Research-Based Learning for the Creation of Truly Inclusive Academic Communities of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic community in higher education is becoming increasingly fragmented, with arguably the greatest fault line between research and teaching. This paper argues that, through the reinvention of the undergraduate curriculum to focus on student engagement in research and research-type activities, a truly inclusive community of academic

Smith, Pete; Rust, Chris

2011-01-01

178

Enhancing Research Capacity in Gerontological Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an untapped potential of social work faculty to conduct aging research aimed at enhancing the well-being of older adults. To better exploit this resource, we have designed, implemented, and evaluated a postgraduate training program in aging research. The goal of the program is to build and sustain a community of social work faculty committed to conducting aging research,

Chandra M. Mehrotra; Aloen Townsend; Barbara Berkman

2009-01-01

179

Increasing the ranks of academic researchers in mental health: a multisite approach to postdoctoral fellowship training.  

PubMed

This report highlights the use of multisite training for psychiatry and psychology postdoctoral fellows developing careers in academic clinical research in the field of mental health. The objective is to describe a model of training for young investigators to establish independent academic clinical research careers, including (1) program structure and eligibility, (2) program goals and development of a multisite curriculum, (3) use of technology for implementing the program across multiple sites, and (4) advantages and challenges of this multisite approach. In 2000, in collaboration with the Veterans Affairs (VA) Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Centers (MIRECCs), the VA Office of Academic Affiliations launched the Special Fellowship Program in Advanced Psychiatry and Psychology. Each of the 10 currently participating VA sites across the United States is affiliated with a MIRECC and an academic medical institution. In the first five years of this fellowship program, 83 fellows (34 psychiatrists and 49 psychologists) have participated. The success of this multisite approach is evidenced by the 58 fellows who have already graduated from the program: 70% have entered academic clinical research positions, and over 25 have obtained independent extramural grant support from the VA or the National Institutes of Health. Multisite training results in a greater transfer of knowledge and capitalizes on the nationwide availability of experts, creating unique networking and learning opportunities for trainees. The VA's multisite fellowship program plays a valuable role in preparing substantial numbers of psychiatry and psychology trainees for a range of academic clinical research and leadership positions in the field of mental health. PMID:20042819

O'Hara, Ruth; Cassidy-Eagle, Erin L; Beaudreau, Sherry A; Eyler, Lisa T; Gray, Heather L; Giese-Davis, Janine; Hubbard, Jeffrey; Yesavage, Jerome A

2010-01-01

180

Summary of Research Activities Academic Departments 1981-1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report summarizes the research work of the Naval Academy Faculty and midshipmen for the period July 1981 through June 1982. Sponsored and independent research projects are listed by title, followed by the names of the investigators and an abst...

W. L. Heflin

1982-01-01

181

Summary of Research, Academic Departments, 1982-1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report summaries the research work of the Naval Academy faculty and midshipmen for the period July 1982 through June 1983. Sponsored and independent research projects are listed by title, followed by the names of the investigators and an abstr...

W. L. Heflin

1983-01-01

182

Summary of Research Activities, Academic Departments, 1979-1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report summarizes the research work of the Naval Academy faculty and midshipmen for the period 1 July 1979 - 30 June 1980. Sponsored and independent research projects are listed by title, followed by the names of the investigators and an abstr...

W. L. Heflin

1980-01-01

183

A Portrait of Academic Life: Creating an Outline Research Portfolio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a teacher education course at Towson University that uses student online research portfolios with multimedia elements that are posted on the Internet to investigate and analyze technology integration in teacher education programs. Discusses research methodology; theory, including paradigm shifts; instructional design; student attitudes;…

Ryan, Tricia

2002-01-01

184

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today's Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate…

Epps, Sharon K.

2008-01-01

185

Hotel Indoor Air Quality Enhancement: Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on the penetration of polluted outdoor air into hotels and the subsequent deterioration of indoor air quality (IAQ). Little attention has been paid to the severity of this problem. Thus, the study specifically aims to assess the determinants to enhance IAQ in hotels and suggest a future research direction relating to IAQ enhancement. Evidence from recent air

Wilco W. Chan

2012-01-01

186

Development of a Regional Nursing Research Partnership for Academic and Practice Collaborations  

PubMed Central

Background. Collaborative nursing research across academic and practice settings is imperative to generate knowledge to improve patient care. Models of academic/practice partnerships for nursing research are lacking. This paper reports data collected before and during a one-day retreat for nurse researchers and administrators from local universities and health care organizations designed to establish a regional nursing research partnership. Methods. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to address the study aims: (1) to assess research involvement and institutional research resources; (2) to assess interest in and concerns regarding cross-institutional collaborations; and (3) to describe perceptions of the purpose of a partnership and resources needed to ensure success. Results. Participants (n = 49) had differing perceptions of accessibility to resources; participants in practice settings reported less accessibility to resources, notably grant development, informatics, and research assistant support. Participants were interested in collaboration although concerns about conflict of interest were expressed. Four themes related to partnering were identified: harnessing our nursing voice and identity; developing as researchers; staying connected; and positioning for a collaborative project. Conclusion. Academic-practice research collaborations will become increasingly important with health care system changes. Strategies to develop and sustain productive partnerships should be supported.

Tubbs-Cooley, Heather L.; Martsolf, Donna S.; Pickler, Rita H.; Morrison, Caroline F.; Wardlaw, Cassie E.

2013-01-01

187

Starting and Maintaining and Academic Year Undergraduate Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developing a meaningful research program for undergraduate students can be tricky, and some faculty members may be looking for a resource to help them with such an endeavor. Recently, a joint panel of experts convened by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) met up to discuss how to effectively mentor undergraduate research. The panelists included Sarah Spence Adams, Rebecca Garcia, Rick Gillman, Darren Narayan, and Daniel Schaal, and the summary of their discussion can be found here. They were asked to talk about five different topics, including purposes for doing undergraduate research and the characteristics of good undergraduate research problems. After reading the short summaries of each of the five topics, visitors can view each panelist's original presentation or presentation notes.

Adams, Sarah S.

2009-01-01

188

Use of Department of Defense Research Facilities by Academic Investigators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Directive implements the provisions of Federal Council for Science and Technology's 'Policy on Expanded Use of Federal Research Facilities by University Investigators,' February 21, 1969, within the Department of Defense (DoD) and assigns responsibili...

J. Carney

1969-01-01

189

KEROGEN OIL VALUE ENHANCEMENT RESEARCH  

SciTech Connect

Three general categories of products from the Estonia Kukersite kerogen oil were defined: pure compounds, broad range concentrates, and sweet refinery feedstock. Product development and market research center on these three categories. Further attempts were made to identify and test chemical approaches for producing lower alkyl resorcinols (what the market requires) from higher alkyl resorcinols. The approaches and process conditions tested have not yet produced satisfactory results. Progress was made to interest industry in the phenolic products producible. A sample of oil from the Galoter retort was received from Estonia and characterization of this sample was initiated. The sample was batch extracted and results of yields and selectivity are reported.

James W. Bunger, Ph.D.; Christopher P. Russell, Ph.D.; Donald E. Cogswell, M.S.

2002-05-22

190

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) investigation of the mechanisms of microbially induced oil mobilization; (2) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially cultures and oil reservoirs; (4) development of simulators for MEOR; and (5) design of operational strategies for the sequential injection of microorganisms and nutrient in reservoirs are: (1) systematic discussion of the mechanisms important in MEOR processes; (2) Measurement of the growth characteristics of Bacillus Licheniformis under various conditions of pH, temperature and salt concentration for both aerobic and anaerobic growth.; (3) measurement of interfacial tension reducing ability of the biosurfactant under different conditions of pH and salt concentration; (4) development of some preliminary methods to concentrate and characterize the biosurfactant; (5) development of a compositional numerical simulator for MEOR processes; and (6) Measurement of the lowest interfacial tension (IFT) value reported for biosurfactants to date. Demonstration of the fact that the low IFT values required for oil recovery can be attained with biosurfactants.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G.

1990-01-01

191

Focus on Academic and Research Libraries: Librarians Speak Out to Journal Publishers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the economic situation in libraries these days? What are academic and research libraries doing with regard to making the resources in their collections more discoverable? Are they involved in institutional repository (IR) projects? And how do IRs and the availability of open access journals affect library purchasing decisions? Those were…

Kaser, Dick

2009-01-01

192

Spanning the HRD Academic-Practitioner Divide: Bridging the Gap through Mode 2 Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to explore dimensions and tensions in the relationship between theory (usually produced by academics) and practice (the domain, normally of practitioners) in human resource development (HRD). Design/methodology/approach: The paper examines, from a conceptual perspective, the nature of mode 2 research, where knowledge is…

Gray, David E.; Iles, Paul; Watson, Sandra

2011-01-01

193

2005-06 Overview of M-DCPS Academic Performance. Research Capsule. Volume 0602  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS) earned a performance grade of "B" for the second year in a row and was just seven points short of the points required to earn an "A." This Research Capsule summarizes several key elements that contributed to the district's achievement. Results indicate that, in most cases, students' levels of academic

Blazer, Christie

2006-01-01

194

Using Blogs and New Media in Academic Practice: Potential Roles in Research, Teaching, Learning, and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiling a referenced article for publication in a peer-reviewed journal is traditionally the most respected means of contributing to a body of knowledge. However, we argue that publication of evidence-based information via new media--especially blogging--can also be a valid form of academic scholarship. Blogs allow for rapid sharing of research

Powell, Douglas A.; Jacob, Casey J.; Chapman, Benjamin J.

2012-01-01

195

Impact of Transformative Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education on Academic Institutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May 2008, a two-day workshop was held in Arlington, Virginia with the goal of defining the progress of interdisciplinary research and graduate education and their impacts on academic institution. The workshop was sponsored by the National Science Found...

C. van Hartesveldt J. Giordan

2009-01-01

196

AN ENLARGED PRAGMATIST INQUIRY PARADIGM FOR METHODOLOGICAL PLURALISM IN ACADEMIC DESIGN RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a process of academic legitimization, design has made claims to be epistemologically and methodologically distinct from the Arts and Sciences. Among the multiple propositions that have been made about this distinctiveness little has been said about the fundamentally pragmatic nature of design research and practice. Pragmatism in both instrumental and critical forms is a robust epistemological and

Gavin Melles

2008-01-01

197

Does research during general surgery residency correlate with academic pursuits after pediatric surgery residency?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was designed to evaluate whether successful candidates in pediatric surgery have performed laboratory research with publication, and if such preparation leads to continued investigations. We requested a curriculum vitae from the 248 pediatric surgeons who began their pediatric surgery residencies (PSR) between 1979 and 1992. For nonresponders, data were collected from physician directories. Indicators of academic status, personal

Marc S Lessin; Michael D Klein

1995-01-01

198

Study of the Performance and Characteristics of U.S. Academic Research Institution Technology Commercialization (ARITC)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation aims to provide a better understanding of the technology licensing practices of academic research institutions. The study identifies time durations in licensing and incorporates these into a model to evaluate licensing performance. Performance is measured by the efficiency of an institution's technology licensing process and…

Kim, Jisun

2012-01-01

199

Building Academic Distinction in a Twenty-First-Century Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reputation of UC Merced as a student centered research university rested on administration's success in attracting top-flight faculty. This chapter describes how this process started, through choosing the deans, then recruiting the faculty. As faculty arrived, the academic picture came into focus. Not surprisingly, the initial ideas about …

Ashley, David B.

2007-01-01

200

Academic Research and Canadian Manufacturing Productivity since the Formation of NAFTA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does academic research have a positive impact on productivity? To examine this question, the paper focuses on national Canadian manufacturing data, using a variable-cost CES-translog cost system. Changes in the elasticities calculated from the estimation results allow the study of the impact of the free-trade agreements on Canadian production and…

Brox, James

2007-01-01

201

Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and the "Big Five" South African Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically examines the methodology of the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) by generating raw scores for the "big five" South African research universities (Stellenbosch, Cape Town, Kwazulu-Natal, Pretoria and the Witwatersrand, henceforth referred to as SU, UCT, UKZN, UP and WITS) using the ARWU indicators. The…

Boshoff, N.

2009-01-01

202

Academics as policy-makers: (not) researching tourism and events policy formation from the inside  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prompted by a period of five years as a non-executive director of a British regional tourist board, this paper examines the constraints faced by academics seeking to engage in critical policy research. It identifies three overlapping influences that serve to circumscribe critical comment. The first is that as universities become increasingly commercial in their orientation, often competing with consultants, a

Rhodri Thomas

2011-01-01

203

Academics as policy-makers: (not) researching tourism and events policy formation from the inside  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prompted by a period of five years as a non-executive director of a British regional tourist board, this paper examines the constraints faced by academics seeking to engage in critical policy research. It identifies three overlapping influences that serve to circumscribe critical comment. The first is that as universities become increasingly commercial in their orientation, often competing with consultants, a

Rhodri Thomas

2010-01-01

204

How Long? A Synthesis of Research on Academic Achievement in a Second Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine generalizations on optimal age, first language cognitive development, and second language academic achievement are proposed in order to expand the current theoretical base in second language (L2) acquisition. These generalizations summarize research on L2 acquisition for schooling purposes. (57 references) (Author/VWL)

Collier, Virginia P.

1989-01-01

205

Impact of Transformative Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education on Academic Institutions. Workshop Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2008, a two-day workshop was held in Arlington, Virginia with the goal of defining the progress of interdisciplinary research and graduate education and their impacts on academic institutions. The workshop was sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Directorate of Education and Human Resources, Division of Graduate Education,…

Van Hartesveldt, Carol; Giordan, Judith

2008-01-01

206

Academic Jibberish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about academic jibberish. Alfie Kohn states that a great deal of academic writing is incomprehensible even to others in the same area of scholarship. Academic Jibberish may score points for the writer but does not help research or practice. The author discusses jibberish as a career strategy that impresses those…

Krashen, Stephen

2012-01-01

207

Workplace Influences on Chinese TEFL Academics' Development as Researchers: A Study of Two Chinese Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace influences on Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) academics' development as researchers were examined in two Chinese higher education institutions in this qualitative collective case study. Data sources included research documentation and interviews with 12 Chinese TEFL academics. Both institutions were keen on…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

2013-01-01

208

Using Women's Health Research to Develop Women Leaders in Academic Health Sciences: The National Centers of Excellence in Women's Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the number of women entering U.S. medical schools has risen substantially in the past 25 years, the number of women in leadership positions in academic medicine is dispropor- tionately small. The traditional pathway to academic leadership is through research. Women's health research is an ideal venue to fill the pipeline with talented women physicians and sci- entists who may

Molly Carnes; Gayla VandenBosche; Patricia K. Agatisa; Anne Hirshfield; Alice Dan; Joan L. F. Shaver; Donna Murasko; Margaret McLaughlin

2001-01-01

209

Research Selectivity and Female Academics in UK Universities: from gentleman's club and barrack yard to smart macho?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of survey data designed to explore the perceived impact of research selectivity (in the form of the Research Assessment Exercise [RAE]) on academic work in UK universities and examines their implications for women academics and gendered cultures in the light of recent writing on the position of women in UK academia. If at least part

SANDRA HARLEY

2003-01-01

210

Spooks and spoofs: relations between psychical research and academic psychology in Britain in the inter-war period  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the relations between academic psychology and psychical research in Britain during the inter-war period, in the context of the fluid boundaries between mainstream psychology and both psychical research and popular psychology. Specifically, the involvement with Harry Price of six senior academic psychologists: William McDougall, William Brown, J. C. Flugel, Cyril Burt, C. Alec Mace and Francis Aveling,

Elizabeth R. Valentine

2012-01-01

211

Jmol-Enhanced Biochemistry Research Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed a protein research project for a one-semester biochemistry lecture class to enhance learning and more effectively train students to understand protein structure and function. During this semester-long process, students select a protein with known structure and then research its structure, sequence, and function. This project…

Saderholm, Matthew; Reynolds, Anthony

2011-01-01

212

Enhancing Research Capacity in Gerontological Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an untapped potential of social work faculty to conduct aging research aimed at enhancing the well-being of older adults. To better exploit this resource, we have designed, implemented, and evaluated a postgraduate training program in aging research. The goal of the program is to build and sustain a community of social work faculty…

Mehrotra, Chandra M.; Townsend, Aloen; Berkman, Barbara

2009-01-01

213

My Librarian: Personalized Research Clinics and the Academic Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes personalized research clinics (PRC) programs at three diverse institutions: Gettysburg College (Pennsylvania), Marquette University (Wisconsin), and Bowling Green State University (Ohio). Addresses logistics, publicity methods, program analysis, and assessment issues, and weighs the benefits of the labor-intensive service against other…

Cardwell, Catherine; Furlong, Katherine; O'Keeffe, Julie

2002-01-01

214

Teaching Online--A Research-Based Guide for Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essential lessons from the research literature on successful e-learning are brought together to show how to structure online learning. The results are presented within the framework provided by the seven maxims for effective teaching formulated by McMahon (2006).

McMahon, Tim; Thakore, Hemal

2008-01-01

215

Enhancing Astronomy Major Learning Through Group Research Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Arizona Astronomy Club has been using group research projects to enhance the learning experience of undergraduates in astronomy and related fields. Students work on two projects that employ a peer-mentoring system so they can learn crucial skills and concepts necessary in research environments. Students work on a transiting exoplanet project using the 1.55-meter Kuiper Telescope on Mt. Bigelow in Southern Arizona to collect near-UV and optical wavelength data. The goal of the project is to refine planetary parameters and to attempt to detect exoplanet magnetic fields by searching for near-UV light curve asymmetries. The other project is a survey that utilizes the 12-meter Arizona Radio Observatory on Kitt Peak to search for the spectroscopic signature of infall in nearby starless cores. These are unique projects because students are involved throughout the entire research process, including writing proposals for telescope time, observing at the telescopes, data reduction and analysis, writing papers for publication in journals, and presenting research at scientific conferences. Exoplanet project members are able to receive independent study credit for participating in the research, which helps keep the project on track. Both projects allow students to work on professional research and prepare for several astronomy courses early in their academic career. They also encourage teamwork and mentor-style peer teaching, and can help students identify their own research projects as they expand their knowledge.

McGraw, Allison M.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.; Turner, J.; Shirley, Y. L.; Walker-Lafollette, A.; Scott, A.; Guvenen, B.; Raphael, B.; Sanford, B.; Smart, B.; Nguyen, C.; Jones, C.; Smith, C.; Cates, I.; Romine, J.; Cook, K.; Pearson, K.; Biddle, L.; Small, L.; Donnels, M.; Nieberding, M.; Kwon, M.; Thompson, R.; De La Rosa, R.; Hofmann, R.; Tombleson, R.; Smith, T.; Towner, A. P.; Wallace, S.

2013-01-01

216

Fellowship to continue falls prevention research received by UNDA academic  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of falls prevention education to older patients after hospital discharge could see seniors living longer and healthier lives according to Dr Anne-Marie Hill, Senior Lecturer in the School of Physiotherapy at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s (UNDA) Fremantle Campus.\\u000aDr Hill will commence a four year research project on ‘Preventing falls in older patients after hospital discharge

Leigh Dawson

2011-01-01

217

PSI: The Dutch Academic Infrastructure for shared biobanks for translational research.  

PubMed

Translational research requires large patient populations. A single research institute is not able to build up such a population in a short period of time. The String of Pearls Initiative (in Dutch "Parelsnoer Initiatief", PSI) is a joint effort by the eight academic medical centers in the Netherlands to built an infrastructure for joint biobanking as to meet this challenge of establishing large collections of data and samples in relevant medical domains. PMID:21347130

Talmon, Jan L; Ros', Maurits G; Legemate, Dink A

2008-01-01

218

Academic and industry research progress in germanium nanodevices.  

PubMed

Silicon has enabled the rise of the semiconductor electronics industry, but it was not the first material used in such devices. During the 1950s, just after the birth of the transistor, solid-state devices were almost exclusively manufactured from germanium. Today, one of the key ways to improve transistor performance is to increase charge-carrier mobility within the device channel. Motivated by this, the solid-state device research community is returning to investigating the high-mobility material germanium. Germanium-based transistors have the potential to operate at high speeds with low power requirements and might therefore be used in non-silicon-based semiconductor technology in the future. PMID:22094692

Pillarisetty, Ravi

2011-11-17

219

Broadening Participation in Geosciences with Academic Year and Summer Research Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medgar Evers College, City University of New York, has initiated a multi-tiered strategy aimed at increasing the number of under-represented minority and female students pursuing careers in the Geosciences, especially Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and related areas. The strategy incorporates research on the persistence of minority and female under-represented students in STEM disciplines. The initiatives include NASA and NSF-funded team-based undergraduate research activities during the summer and academic year as well as academic support (clustering, PTLT workshops for gatekeeper courses), curriculum integration modules, and independent study/special topics courses. In addition, high school students are integrated into summer research activities working with undergraduate and graduate students as well as faculty and other scientist mentors. An important initial component was the building of an infrastructure to support remote sensing, supported by NASA. A range of academic year and summer research experiences are provided to capture student interest in the geosciences. NYC-based research activities include urban impacts of global climate change, the urban heat island, ocean turbulence and general circulation models, and space weather: magnetic rope structure, solar flares and CMEs. Field-based investigations include atmospheric observations using BalloonSat sounding vehicles, observations of tropospheric ozone using ozonesondes, and investigations of the ionosphere using a CubeSat. This presentation provides a description of the programs, student impact, challenges and observations.

Austin, S. A.; Howard, A.; Johnson, L. P.; Gutierrez, R.; Chow, Y.

2013-12-01

220

A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research on the Meaning and Characteristics of Mentoring in Academic Medicine  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Mentorship is perceived to play a significant role in the career development and productivity of academic clinicians, but little is known about the characteristics of mentorship. This knowledge would be useful for those developing mentorship programs. OBJECTIVE To complete a systematic review of the qualitative literature to explore and summarize the development, perceptions and experiences of the mentoring relationship in academic medicine. DATE SOURCES Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC, Scopus and Current Contents databases from the earliest available date to December 2008. REVIEW METHODS We included studies that used qualitative research methodology to explore the meaning and characteristics of mentoring in academic medicine. Two investigators independently assessed articles for relevance and study quality, and extracted data using standardized forms. No restrictions were placed on the language of articles. RESULTS A total of 8,487 citations were identified, 114 full text articles were assessed, and 9 articles were selected for review. All studies were conducted in North America, and most focused on the initiation and cultivation phases of the mentoring relationship. Mentoring was described as a complex relationship based on mutual interests, both professional and personal. Mentees should take an active role in the formation and development of mentoring relationships. Good mentors should be sincere in their dealings with mentees, be able to listen actively and understand mentees' needs, and have a well-established position within the academic community. Some of the mentoring functions aim at the mentees’ academic growth and others at personal growth. Barriers to mentoring and dysfunctional mentoring can be related to personal factors, relational difficulties and structural/institutional barriers. CONCLUSIONS Successful mentoring requires commitment and interpersonal skills of the mentor and mentee, but also a facilitating environment at academic medicine's institutions. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11606-009-1165-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Sambunjak, Dario; Marusic, Ana

2009-01-01

221

Big Questions, Small Works, Lots of Layers: Documentary Video Production and the Teaching of Academic Research and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documentary movie making is not academic writing. Nor is it traditional academic research. However, I have found it to be a remarkable vehicle for teaching both of these things...each semester I am amazed and humbled by the creativity and sincerity that my students bring to their work.

Halbritter, Bump; Blon, Noah; Creighton, Caron

2011-01-01

222

Choosing whether to resist or reinforce the new managerialism: the impact of performance?based research funding on academic identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses four academics’ gendered and cultural responses to life in a university in Aotearoa New Zealand under the new managerialist regime. Performance Based Research Funding (PBRF) requires academics to submit evidence?based portfolios every six years to categorise and rank them, with government funding assigned accordingly. When the authors met as members of a writing group, the talk often

Hine Jane Waitere; Jeannie Wright; Marianne Tremaine; Seth Brown; Cat Jeffrey Pausé

2011-01-01

223

Some ideas on enhancing research productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through literature sources, personal trial and error experiences, and observations of students and other colleagues, the author has developed a collection of ideas regarding enhancing research productivity. These are laid out in this article, including a number of examples and relevant quotes from the literature. The paper should be of particular relevance to Ph.D. students and others at early stages

Edward A. Silver

2009-01-01

224

The Hay and the Carrot: A Model of Corporate Sponsoring of Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a moral hazard model with relationship-speci?c investment (?hay?) and limited liability (no ?stick?), we compare two institutional regimes: one without, and one with, ex-post incentives (?carrot?). We examine the welfare implications of introducing ?carrots?. We use this model to analyze corporate sponsoring of academic research. Under restrictive technological assumptions, the introduction of carrots meets certain ciency criteria and cannot

Ralph Bayer; Eran Binenbaum

2005-01-01

225

Supporting Academic Improvement among Eighth Graders at Risk for Retention: An Action Research Intervention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recent changes in the field of school counseling have called for professional school counselors to provide evidence of the effect their work has on the academic success of their students. This article presents the findings of a multi-faceted action research intervention designed to help students at risk for retention. Findings indicate that students participating in the intervention did improve their grades. Implications for school counselors wanting to lead such programs are discussed.

Mason, E. C.; Mcmahon, H. G.

2009-01-01

226

A comparison of academics' attitudes towards the rights protection of their research and teaching materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares two JISC-funded surveys. The first was undertaken by the Rights MEtadata for Open Archiving (RoMEO) project and focused on the rights protection required by academic authors sharing their research outputs in an open-access environment. The second was carried out by the Rights and Rewards project and focused on the rights protection required by authors sharing their teaching

Elizabeth Gadd; Steve Loddington; Charles Oppenheim

2007-01-01

227

Enhancing Student Learning and Retention through the Merger of the Academic and Student Affairs Unit: The Olivet Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores how higher education institutions can develop a conceptual model for enhancing student learning and retention by merging the academic and student affairs unit, highlighting such efforts at Olivet College, Michigan. The article presents the societal context and guiding assumptions as they relate to the complex tasks of merging both…

Walters, Evon

2004-01-01

228

A Multicultural Studies Collection Enhancement Group: A Model for Preemptive Collection Development in a Small Academic Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model for collection development in small academic libraries based on experiences at Dickinson College (Pennsylvania). A faculty summer study group is described that was charged with enhancing the library's holdings in the area of Black or African American Studies, considering their curriculum plans. (Contains six references.) (LRW)

McKinzie, Steve

1994-01-01

229

Optimizing Multibeam Data Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multibeam sonars are fundamental mapping tools for a wide range of oceanographic studies throughout the global oceans. Initially installed on only a few academic research vessels, they have become standard sensors across global- and ocean-class ships in the U.S. academic research fleet. While ongoing efforts including the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R, http://rvdata.us) and the Global Multi-Resolution Topography Synthesis (GMRT, http://www.marine-geo.org/portals/gmrt) are focused on data documentation, preservation, synthesis and dissemination, the Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC, http://mac.unols.org) was recently established with the primary goal of optimizing multibeam data quality during acquisition. Our strategy is to engage operators, technical specialists and users to develop common protocols, guidelines and tools for use across the fleet. Technical teams are focused on specific aspects of multibeam sonar operation and maintenance, including Sea Acceptance, Acoustic Noise, and Quality Assurance. Key to our effort is working with the community of stakeholders to ensure that protocols and tools suit the needs of the community and can be easily implemented across the fleet. Although MAC efforts are initially focused on deep water systems in the US Academic Research Fleet, we recognize that our community of stakeholders is much broader and also includes operators and users of shallow water. All MAC-generated reports, guidelines and software tools, as well as links to related online resources are being made publicly available through the MAC website (http://mac.unols.org).

Ferrini, V.; Beaudoin, J.; Johnson, P. D.

2012-12-01

230

How Much Academic Instruction Occurs outside Research Universities in BC? Research Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When British Columbia began establishing community colleges in the mid 1960s, the explicit decision to provide extensive university transfer opportunities for college students had the added benefit of making a wide array of academic courses available to students who were not university-bound. Some of these students had been in applied programs in…

Cowin, Bob

2009-01-01

231

The UMCP Academic Experience. Maryland Longitudinal Study Research Highlights. Research Report #10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maryland Longitudinal Study (MLS) participants are categorized into one of two categories (preferred or regular admits) based on their academic experiences while at the University of Maryland College Park (UMCP). Preferred admits are students who earned both a high school grade point average (GPA) of "B" or higher and a combined Scholastic…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Div. of Student Affairs.

232

A new model for enhanced information services in an academic medical center.  

PubMed

The information base used in the biomedical enterprise, already large, continues to expand at a striking rate. Networking and desktop computing technology is playing a more important role in the operations of academic medical centers. Integration efforts aimed at enhancing information access by using distributed computing are very substantial technical challenges. However, if these integration efforts focus only on the technical aspects, they are doomed to failure. New organizational approaches are also needed. This paper describes an new model for enhanced information services. This model calls for the central information supplier to provide a set of core services. Users, who may be individuals or units and generally have more insight into the nature of their problems, will be encouraged to add value to these core services in the form of specialization or customization to meet their unique and critical needs. This model provides a way to adapt and transform current organizational elements to effectively use the large information technology investments and to meet the increasing challenges of biomedical information use. PMID:1807648

Panko, W B

1991-01-01

233

A new model for enhanced information services in an academic medical center.  

PubMed Central

The information base used in the biomedical enterprise, already large, continues to expand at a striking rate. Networking and desktop computing technology is playing a more important role in the operations of academic medical centers. Integration efforts aimed at enhancing information access by using distributed computing are very substantial technical challenges. However, if these integration efforts focus only on the technical aspects, they are doomed to failure. New organizational approaches are also needed. This paper describes an new model for enhanced information services. This model calls for the central information supplier to provide a set of core services. Users, who may be individuals or units and generally have more insight into the nature of their problems, will be encouraged to add value to these core services in the form of specialization or customization to meet their unique and critical needs. This model provides a way to adapt and transform current organizational elements to effectively use the large information technology investments and to meet the increasing challenges of biomedical information use.

Panko, W. B.

1991-01-01

234

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Community Outreach, Academic and Research Collaboration, and Education and Support Services (IT-CARES)  

PubMed Central

Introduction The purpose of this study is to examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing community outreach, academic and research collaboration, and education and support services (IT-CARES) in an academic setting. Methods A survey was deployed to assess the ICT needs in an academic setting. The survey was developed using the Delphi methodology. Questionnaire development was initiated by asking key stakeholders involved in community outreach, academic, research, education, and support to provide feedback on current ICT issues and future recommendations for relevant ICT tools that would be beneficial to them in their job, and to capture current ICT issues. Participants were asked to rate the level of importance of each ICT question on five-point Likert scales. Results The survey was sent to 359 participants, including faculty, staff, and students. The total number of respondents was 96, for a 27 percent response rate. The majority of the participants (54.1 percent, n = 46) placed a high importance on learning the available research capabilities of the college. The majority of the participants placed moderate (43.5 percent, n = 37) to high importance (40 percent, n = 34) on having an intranet that could support collaborative grant writing. A majority of the participants attributed high importance to learning to interact with the online learning management system Blackboard. A majority of the participants agreed that social media should being more actively utilized for diverse activities for academic and research purposes. Conclusion The study helped to identify the current needs and challenges faced by professionals and students when interacting with ICT. More research is needed in order to effectively integrate the use of ICT in the field of higher education, especially related to the modern global public health context.

Joshi, Ashish; Meza, Jane; Costa, Sergio; Puricelli Perin, Douglas Marcel; Trout, Kate; Rayamajih, Atul

2013-01-01

235

Reflexive Research Ethics for Environmental Health and Justice: Academics and Movement-Building  

PubMed Central

Community-engaged research on environmental problems has reshaped researcher-participant relationships, academic-community interaction, and the role of community partners in human subjects protection and ethical oversight. We draw on our own and others’ research collaborations with environmental health and justice social movement organizations to discuss the ethical concerns that emerge in community-engaged research. In this paper we introduce the concept of reflexive research ethics: ethical guidelines and decision-making principles that depend on continual reflexivity concerning the relationships between researchers and participants. Seeing ethics in this way can help scientists conduct research that simultaneously achieves a high level of professional conduct and protects the rights, well-being, and autonomy of both researchers and the multiple publics affected by research. We highlight our research with community-based organizations in Massachusetts, California, and Alaska, and discuss the potential impacts of the community or social movement on the research process and the potential impacts of research on community or social movement goals. We conclude by discussing ways in which the ethical concerns that surface in community-engaged research have led to advances in ethical research practices. This type of work raises ethical questions whose answers are broadly relevant for social movement, environmental, and public health scholars.

Cordner, Alissa; Ciplet, David; Brown, Phil; Morello-Frosch, Rachel

2012-01-01

236

Innovation in biotechnology: moving from academic research to product development--the case of biosensors.  

PubMed

The fast pace of technological change in the biotechnology industry and the market demands require continuous innovation, which, owing to the science base of the sector, derives from academic research through a transformation process that converts science-oriented knowledge to marketable products. There appear to be some inherent difficulties in transforming directly the knowledge output of academic research to industrial use. The purpose of this article is to examine certain transition mechanisms from monodisciplinary academic isolation (curiosity-driven and internal-worth innovation) to university-industry alliances (market-driven and public-worth innovation) through inter-organizational multidisciplinary collaboration and contextualize the analysis with the case of biosensors. While the majority of literature on the subject studies the channels of knowledge transfer as determinants of alliance success (transferor/transferee interactions), either from the university side (science base) or the industry side (market base), this article focuses on the transferable (technology base) and how it can be strategically modeled and managed by the industry to promote innovation. Based on the valuable lessons learnt from the biosensor paradigm, the authors argue that strategic industry choices deal primarily with the best stage/point to intersect and seize the university output, implanting the required element of marketability that will transform an idea to a viable application. The authors present a methodological approach for accelerating the knowledge transfer from the university to industry aiming at the effective transition of science to products through a business model reconfiguration. PMID:20214418

Siontorou, Christina G; Batzias, Fragiskos A

2010-06-01

237

A CIRCULATION ANALYSIS OF PRINT BOOKS AND E-BOOKS IN AN ACADEMIC RESEARCH LIBRARY  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) has published this paper on e-book circulation. The study by Lynn Silipigni Connaway and Justin Littman is called "A Circulation Analysis Of Print Books And e-Books In An Academic Research Library." The study compared the usage of books available in both print and e-book format at the Duke University Libraries. They found that e-books received 11 percent more usage than the books in print, but also observed incongruity between print circulations and e-book access. Although they note that the findings cannot be generalized, they do offer some implications from the study for e-book development and the study of e-book usage in academic libraries.

238

Views of Academic and Community Partners Regarding Participant Protections and Research Integrity: A Pilot Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

When community partners have direct interaction with human research participants, it is important to consider potential threats to participant protections and research integrity. Few studies have directly compared the views of academic and community partners. This pilot focus group study explores the views of academic partners (APs) and community partners (CPs) regarding challenges to the protection of research participants and research integrity in community-engaged research (CEnR). Data are analyzed to understand how APs and CPs define and think about ethical problems and how meaning and analysis may differ between the two groups. Findings have implications for the development of research ethics training materials for academic-community research partnerships and IRBs; best practices for CEnR; and future research on ethical issues in CEnR.

Anderson, Emily E.

2013-01-01

239

The talent process of successful academic women scientists at elite research universities in New York state  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of science in our society continues to increase, as the needs of the global culture and the problems of the world's growing populations affect resources internationally (DeLisi, 2008; Fischman, 2007; Park, 2008). The need for qualified and experienced scientists to solve complex problems is important to the future of the United States. Models of success for women in STEM disciplines are important to improve the recruitment and retention of women in academic science. This study serves as an examination of the facilitators and barriers---including external factors and internal characteristics---on the talent development process of successful women academic scientists. Since there are few studies relating specifically to the career experiences of successful women in academic science careers (Ceci & Williams, 2007; Wasserman, 2000; Xie & Shauman, 2003), a literature review was conducted that examined the (1) the gifted literature on women, including the eminence literature; (2) the higher education literature on women faculty and academic science, and (3) the literature related to the internal characteristics and external factors that influence the talent development process. The final section of the literature review includes a literature map (Creswell, 2009) outlining the major studies cited in this chapter. The conclusion, based on a critical analysis of the literature review, outlines the need for this study. The current study utilizes the framework of Gagne's differentiated talent development model for gifted individuals (Gagne, 1985, 1991) to examine the themes cited in multiple studies that influence the talent development process. Through a mixed-design methodology (Creswell, 2009) that incorporates quantitative and qualitative analysis using a survey and follow-up interviews with selected participants, this study seeks to explore the effects of internal characteristics, external influences, significant events, and experiences on the success of women scientists at elite research universities in New York. A criterion sample (n=94) was selected resulting in forty-one successful academic women scientists as the study participants, representing a response rate of 43.6%. Findings include the important roles of parents, teachers, mentors and collaborators on the talent development process of the participants. The perception of the study participants was that there were multiple facilitators to their talent development process, while few barriers were acknowledged. The most important barriers cited by participants were perceptions of institutional culture and sexism. Implications for practice in both gifted and higher education are suggested, based on the findings of the study. For gifted education, these suggestions include the need to provide parental education programs emphasizing the importance of intellectual engagement at home, providing dedicated time for science in primary education, and fostering science and mathematics opportunities, particularly for girls and young women. Stressing the importance of hard work, persistence and intelligent risk-taking are also important for encouraging girls in science. For higher education, the study provides models of success of academic women scientists, outlines the importance of mentors and collaborators, and emphasizes the critical role that institutions and departments play in facilitating or impeding women's career development as academics. The current study suggests several areas for further research to continue the exploration of the talent development influences on academic women scientists. Based on the findings of this study, recommended studies include examining the differences of generational cohorts; probing the roles of collaborators/mentor colleagues; exploring differences for women from various ethnic and racial backgrounds; replicating the current study with larger populations of women scientists; investigating the role of facilitative school environments; examining the patterns of influence of first generation successful academic women, a

Kaenzig, Lisa M.

240

Are We Covering Our Own Backyards?: An Analysis of Local Research Guides Created by Academic Business Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines local research guides created by academic business librarians to assist patrons with researching the communities (towns, cities, and regions) where their schools are located. A key finding is that only 33% of the libraries surveyed provide guides to local research, while 80% provide guides to international research. (Contains 2…

Lyons, Charles

2009-01-01

241

"You Don't Say What You Know, Only What You Can": The Perceptions and Practices of Senior Spanish Academics Regarding Research Dissemination in English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a contribution to an expanding literature on the challenges non-Anglophone academics confront in disseminating their research in English, the dominant language of international scientific communication. Drawing on a corpus of interviews with senior Spanish academics, who remain a relatively little researched academic community…

Perez-Llantada, Carmen; Plo, Ramon; Ferguson, Gibson R.

2011-01-01

242

Enhancing the capability of the research fleet.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the performance and economics of our vessels and manned platforms are fixed by fundamental principles, their scientific capabilities can be considerably extended through the development of new technology. Potential future systems include multi-beam swath- mapping sonars for 3-D imaging of plankton patchiness, wire-guided profiling velocity sensors for establishing full-ocean-depth velocity profiles, shipboard HF radar (CODAR) for mapping energetic currents, and shipboard Doppler radar for mapping the surface wave spectrum. Research vessel users should have access to undersea gliders and autonomous aircraft as well as the current AUVs. In addition, the use of manned stable platforms in an observatory setting deserves further consideration. As well as providing an ideal mount for meteorological and oceanographic sensors, the platforms can provide electrical power and a "heavy lift" capability for sea floor and water column studies. Concerted community effort will be required to develop these new technologies, not all of which will be commercially viable. A strong academic technology base is necessary.

Pinkel, R.

2012-12-01

243

Mentor Networks in Academic Medicine: Moving Beyond a Dyadic Conception of Mentoring for Junior Faculty Researchers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Career development award programs often require formal establishment of mentoring relationships. The authors sought to gain a nuanced understanding of mentoring from the perspective of a diverse national sample of faculty clinician-researchers who were all members of formal mentoring relationships. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Three relevant themes emerged: (1) the numerous roles and behaviors associated with mentoring in academic medicine, (2) the improbability of finding a single person who can fulfill the diverse mentoring needs of another individual, and (3) the importance and composition of mentor networks. Many respondents described the need to cultivate more than one mentor. Several participants discussed the utilization of peer mentors, citing benefits such as pooled resources and mutual learning. Female participants generally acknowledged the importance of having at least one female mentor. Some observed that their portfolio of mentors needed to evolve in order to remain effective. Conclusions Those who seek to promote the careers of faculty in academic medicine should focus upon developing mentoring networks, rather than hierarchical mentoring dyads. The members of each faculty member's mentoring team or network should reflect the protégé's individual needs and preferences, with special attention towards ensuring diversity in terms of area of expertise, academic rank, and gender.

DeCastro, Rochelle; Sambuco, Dana; Ubel, Peter A.; Stewart, Abigail; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

244

The graduate research field choice of women in academic physics and astronomy: A pilot study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The low representation of women in physics is apparent at the undergraduate level through faculty positions. However, when looking at the percentage of PhD women graduates in the closely related field astronomy (40%) and women PhDs in physics education research (30%), it is found that those areas have higher representations of women compared to women physics PhD graduates (18%). This study seeks to understand the research subfield choice of women in academic physics and astronomy at large US research universities through in-depth interviews and a grounded theory analytical approach. Though preliminary results have not shown why women chose their graduate research field, they have shown that positive pre-college experiences are bringing these women to physics, while supportive advisors and collaboration amongst students are encouraging these women to persist.

Barthelemy, Ramón S.; Grunert, Megan L.; Henderson, Charles R.

2013-01-01

245

Australian University Research Commercialisation: Perceptions of Technology Transfer Specialists and Science and Technology Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian governments in recent years have invested substantially in innovation and research commercialisation with the aim of enhancing international economic competitiveness, making research findings more readily available to research users, and supporting economic and social development. Although there have been a number of evaluations of…

Harman, Grant

2010-01-01

246

Comparative study of an externship program versus a corporate-academic cooperation program for enhancing nursing competence of graduating students  

PubMed Central

Background New graduates report intense stress during the transition from school to their first work settings. Managing this transition is important to reduce turnover rates. This study compared the effects of an externship program and a corporate-academic cooperation program on enhancing junior college students’ nursing competence and retention rates in the first 3 months and 1 year of initial employment. Methods This two-phase study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design. All participants were graduating students drawn from a 5-year junior nursing college in Taiwan. There were 19 and 24 students who participated in the phase I externship program and phase II corporate-academic cooperation program, respectively. The nursing competence of the students had to be evaluated by mentors within 48 hours of practicum training and after practicum training. The retention rate was also surveyed at 3 months and 1 year after beginning employment. Results Students who participated in the corporate-academic cooperation program achieved a statistically significant improvement in nursing competence and retention rates relative to those who participated in the externship program (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Conclusions The corporate-academic cooperation program facilitates the transition of junior college nursing students into independent staff nurses, enhances their nursing competence, and boosts retention rates.

2013-01-01

247

Academic Vocabulary in Agriculture Research Articles: A Corpus-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent critical views on the usefulness of a general academic vocabulary have heightened the relevance of developing discipline specific academic wordlists to meet the needs of non-native English writers who must read and publish articles in English. Using Coxhead's (2000) Academic Word List, we set out to identify the academic words in a corpus…

Martinez, Iliana A.; Beck, Silvia C.; Panza, Carolina B.

2009-01-01

248

Education Program for Doctoral Researchers by Industrial-Government-Academic Cooperation and Interaction between Different Research Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New education program to train graduate students and postdoctoral researchers who can be good leaders in a variety of social fields by cooperation of graduate school of engineering and pharmaceutical sciences is conducted as an advanced activity in Kyoto University. This program consists of four sub-programs and the educational effect by the collaboration of industry-government-academic and the interaction between dissimilar research fields is described in this paper. Trainees in this program acquire the ability to understand objectively one’ s research from comprehensive point of view and to debate with researchers in different fields. This program supports them to become ‘Global Leaders’ who play an important role internationally in advanced technology.

Oki, Kazuya; Sawaragi, Tetsuo; Hasebe, Shinji; Morisawa, Shinsuke

249

A case study on research in engineering education: designing, testing, and administering the PACES-2 survey on academic integrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most engineering educators excel at planning and conducting technical research in their field, but few are proficient doing this for a project in engineering education. Recently, however, there has been increased emphasis on conducting rigorous research in engineering education. This paper provides practical advice for planning and conducting such research. The authors use their long term project to predict academic

Cynthia J. Finelli; Jamie L. Szwalek; Donald D. Carpenter; Trevor S. Harding

2005-01-01

250

Going MAD: Development of a "Matrix Academic Division" to Facilitate Translating Research to Personalized Medicine  

PubMed Central

Personalized medicine integrates an individual’s genetic and other information for the prevention or treatment of complex disorders, and translational research seeks to identify those data most important to disease processes based on observations at the bench and the bedside. To understand complex disorders such as chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, liver cirrhosis and other idiopathic chronic inflammatory diseases, physician-scientists must systematically collect data on relevant risks, clinical status, biomarkers, and outcomes. The author describes a “matrix academic division” (MAD), a highly effective academic program created at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center using translational research to rapidly develop personalized medicine for digestive diseases. MAD is designed to capture patient-specific data and biologic samples for analysis of steps in a complex process (reverse engineering), reconstructing the system conceptually and mathematically (disease modeling), and deciphering disease mechanism in individual patients to predict the effects of interventions (personalized medicine). MAD draws on the expertise of the medical school’s and medical center’s physician-scientists to translate essential disease information between the bed and the bench and to communicate with researchers from multiple domains, including epidemiology, genetics, cell biology, immunology, regenerative medicine, neuroscience, and oncology. The author illustrates this approach by describing its successful application to the reverse engineering of chronic pancreatitis.

Whitcomb, David C.

2011-01-01

251

The college journey and academic engagement: How metaphor use enhances identity-based motivation.  

PubMed

People commonly talk about goals metaphorically as destinations on physical paths extending into the future or as contained in future periods. Does metaphor use have consequences for people's motivation to engage in goal-directed action? Three experiments examine the effect of metaphor use on students' engagement with their academic possible identity: their image of themselves as academically successful graduates. Students primed to frame their academic possible identity using the goal-as-journey metaphor reported stronger academic intention, and displayed increased effort on academic tasks, compared to students primed with a nonacademic possible identity, a different metaphoric framing (goal-as-contained-entity), and past academic achievements (Studies 1-2). This motivating effect persisted up to a week later as reflected in final exam performance (Study 3). Four experiments examine the cognitive processes underlying this effect. Conceptual metaphor theory posits that an accessible metaphor transfers knowledge between dissimilar concepts. As predicted in this paradigm, a journey-metaphoric framing of a possible academic identity transferred confidence in the procedure, or action sequence, required to attain that possible identity, which in turn led participants to perceive that possible identity as more connected to their current identity (Study 4). Drawing on identity-based motivation theory, we hypothesized that strengthened current/possible identity connection would mediate the journey framing's motivating effect. This mediational process predicted students' academic engagement (Study 5) and an online sample's engagement with possible identities in other domains (Study 6). Also as predicted, journey framing increased academic engagement particularly among students reporting a weak connection to their academic possible identity (Study 7). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24749818

Landau, Mark J; Oyserman, Daphna; Keefer, Lucas A; Smith, George C

2014-05-01

252

Reservoir characterization and enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The research in this annual report falls into three tasks each dealing with a different aspect of enhanced oil recovery. The first task strives to develop procedures for accurately modeling reservoirs for use as input to numerical simulation flow models. This action describes how we have used a detail characterization of an outcrop to provide insights into what features are important to fluid flow modeling. The second task deals with scaling-up and modeling chemical and solvent EOR processes. In a sense this task is the natural extension of task 1 and, in fact, one of the subtasks uses many of the same statistical procedures for insight into the effects of viscous fingering and heterogeneity. The final task involves surfactants and their interactions with carbon dioxide and reservoir minerals. This research deals primarily with phenomena observed when aqueous surfactant solutions are injected into oil reservoirs.

Lake, L.W.; Pope, G.A.; Schechter, R.S.

1992-03-01

253

Negotiation in Academic Medicine: Narratives of Faculty Researchers and Their Mentors  

PubMed Central

Purpose Few researchers have explored the negotiation experiences of academic medical faculty even though negotiation is crucial to their career success. The authors sought to understand medical faculty researchers' experiences with and perceptions of negotiation. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described the importance of negotiation in academic medical careers but also expressed feeling naïve and unprepared for these negotiations, particularly as junior faculty. Award recipients focused on power, leverage, and strategy, and they expressed a need for training and mentorship to learn successful negotiation skills. Mentors, by contrast, emphasized the importance of flexibility and shared interests in creating win-win situations for both the individual faculty member and the institution. When faculty construed negotiation as adversarial and/or zero-sum, participants believed it required traditionally masculine traits and perceived women to be at a disadvantage. Conclusions Academic medical faculty often lack the skills and knowledge necessary for successful negotiation, especially early in their careers. Many view negotiation as an adversarial process of the sort that experts call “hard positional bargaining.” Increasing awareness of alternative negotiation techniques (e.g., “principled negotiation,” in which shared interests, mutually satisfying options, and fair standards are emphasized), may encourage the success of medical faculty, particularly women.

Sambuco, Dana; Dabrowska, Agata; DeCastro, Rochelle; Stewart, Abigail; Ubel, Peter A.; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

254

Collaborative Evaluation Research: A Case Study of Teachers' and Academic Researchers' Teamwork in a Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the processes and challenges involved in conducting participatory research and evaluation in schools, by looking at a case study of a collaborative evaluation research that was conducted in a secondary school in Israel by two researchers and three teachers. It describes the experiences of the research team while conducting the…

Alpert, Bracha; Bechar, Shlomit

2007-01-01

255

Faculty Development Initiatives to Advance Research Literacy and Evidence-Based Practice at CAM Academic Institutions.  

PubMed

Abstract Objectives: To present the varied approaches of 9 complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) institutions (all grantees of the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) used to develop faculty expertise in research literacy and evidence-based practice (EBP) in order to integrate these concepts into CAM curricula. Design: A survey to elicit information on the faculty development initiatives was administered via e-mail to the 9 program directors. All 9 completed the survey, and 8 grantees provided narrative summaries of faculty training outcomes. Results: The grantees found the following strategies for implementing their programs most useful: assess needs, develop and adopt research literacy and EBP competencies, target early adopters and change leaders, employ best practices in teaching and education, provide meaningful incentives, capitalize on resources provided by grant partners, provide external training opportunities, and garner support from institutional leadership. Instructional approaches varied considerably across grantees. The most common were workshops, online resources, in-person short courses, and in-depth seminar series developed by the grantees. Many also sent faculty to intensive multiday extramural training programs. Program evaluation included measuring participation rates and satisfaction and the integration of research literacy and EBP learning objectives throughout the academic curricula. Most grantees measured longitudinal changes in beliefs, attitudes, opinions, and competencies with repeated faculty surveys. Conclusions: A common need across all 9 CAM grantee institutions was foundational training for faculty in research literacy and EBP. Therefore, each grantee institution developed and implemented a faculty development program. In developing the framework for their programs, grantees used strategies that were viewed critical for success, including making them multifaceted and unique to their specific institutional needs. These strategies, in conjunction with the grantees' instructional approaches, can be of practical use in other CAM and non-CAM academic environments considering the introduction of research literacy and EBP competencies into their curricula. PMID:24936915

Long, Cynthia R; Ackerman, Deborah L; Hammerschlag, Richard; Delagran, Louise; Peterson, David H; Berlin, Michelle; Evans, Roni L

2014-07-01

256

Promoting Academic Physicists, Their Students, and Their Research through Library Partnerships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At many institutions, attracting and mentoring quality students is of key importance. Through their developing careers, typically under the tutelage of one primary faculty member, students build portfolios, prepare for graduate school, and apply to post-doc programs or faculty positions. Often though, the corpus of that primary faculty member's work is not available in a single location. This is a disadvantage both for current students, who wish to highlight the importance of their work within the context of a research group and for the department, which can miss opportunities to attract high-quality future students. Utah State University Libraries hosts a thriving institutional repository, DigitalCommons@USU, which provides open access to scholarly works, research, reports, publications, and journals produced by Utah State University faculty, staff, and students. The Library and the Physics Department developed a partnership to transcend traditional library repository architecture and emphasize faculty research groups within the department. Previously, only student theses and dissertations were collected, and they were not associated with the department in any way. Now student presentations, papers, and posters appear with other faculty works all in the same research work space. This poster session highlights the features of the University's repository and describes what is required to establish a similar structure at other academic institutions. We anticipate several long-term benefits of this new structure. Students are pleased with the increased visibility of their research and with having an online presence through their "Selected Works" personal author site. Faculty are pleased with the opportunity to highlight their research and the potential to attract new students to their research groups. This new repository model also allows the library to amplify the existing scientific outreach initiatives of the physics department. One example of this is a recent exhibit created in the Library showcasing a student research group's 30-year history of sending payloads into space. The exhibit was a direct result of archiving the work of student researchers in the institutional repository. From the perspective of the Library, the benefits are also impressive. The Library is able to build its institutional repository, develop strong relations with faculty in the Physics Department, and have access to unpublished reports that otherwise might be lost. Establishing research groups' presence in DigitalCommons@USU provided an opportunity to meet with the Physics graduate students to discuss setting up online web portfolios, archiving their publications, and understanding publisher contracts. Developing partnerships between academic units and libraries is one more method to reach out to potential students, promote research, and showcase the talents of faculty and students. Using the Library's institutional repository to do this is beneficial for everyone.

Rozum, B.; Wesolek, A.

2012-12-01

257

Academic Research and Teaching Quality: The Views of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate and graduate students in the United Kingdom participated in structured discussions of the effects of lecturer research activity on student learning. Both groups offered a preponderance of positive comments over negative ones. Articulated benefits of lecturer research included enhanced knowledge currency, credibility, competence in…

Lindsay, Roger; Breen, Rosanna; Jenkins, Alan

2002-01-01

258

The C-MORE Scholars Program: Motivations for an Academic-Year Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs have been shown to be effective mechanisms to recruit undergraduate students into the sciences and also to retain them, especially as related to underrepresented students. Academic-year REU programs have numerous benefits, including participation in longer-term research projects that allow…

Gibson, Barbara A.; Bruno, Barbara C.

2012-01-01

259

Subject Indexes vs. Original Documents as Research Sources: A Comparative Account of Text Construction and Use for Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adaptation of Heilprin's model of the path of propagation of human messages is used to explore the truism that more experienced academic researchers tend to go directly to the published literature, while less experienced researchers may rely more on such secondary sources as indexes and other library reference and bibliographic services. The…

Eichman, Thomas Lee

260

Academic Productivity as Perceived by Malaysian Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to explore the perspectives of Malaysian academics in relation to academic productivity and some factors affecting it. A large scale online questionnaire was used to gather information from six public universities. The most productive role in the eyes of the academics was found to be teaching, with research and…

Hassan, Aminuddin; Tymms, Peter; Ismail, Habsah

2008-01-01

261

The Transformation of Academic Work: Facts and Analysis. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.4.07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the main changes that have effected a transformation in the nature of academic work: on the one hand, the increasing diversification and specialisation of academic tasks, and on the other, new forms of control over academic work. An analysis of these trends leads to a discussion of the relationships between the evolution of…

Musselin, Christine

2007-01-01

262

Academic Profile Results for Selected Nursing Students. Research Report 2002-05.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an ongoing effort to gather information on the impact of college courses on students academic skills, a small group of nursing students (n=35) at Boise State University, Idaho, enrolled in an upper division nursing course agreed to take the Academic Profile, a test that measures general academic skills. The results for these nursing…

Belcheir, Marcia J.

263

Words Fail Us: How Academics View Language and Ideas in Higher Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language can provide an entree into an academic discipline, but can also serve as a barrier to exclude newcomers. How does this apply to academic developers trying to promote teaching and learning on their campuses? Using an online survey, academics at two institutions in the UK and USA were asked to describe their typical and ideal reading in…

Green, David A.

2010-01-01

264

"Education through Research" at European Universities: Notes on the Orientation of Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, "education through research" is understood to be a main characteristic of education at the university. In this article we will explore how "education through research" is argued to be of major importance for the European knowledge society, how there is still a reference to the idea of "Bildung" or liberal education, and what…

Simons, Maarten

2006-01-01

265

Critical Masses for Academic Research Groups and Consequences for Higher Education Research Policy and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smaller universities may produce research which is on a par with larger, elite establishments. This is confirmed by a recently developed mathematical model, supported by data from British and French higher education research-evaluation exercises. The detailed nature of the UK system, in particular, allows quantification of the notion of critical…

Kenna, Ralph; Berche, Bertrand

2012-01-01

266

How Can Teachers Increase Classroom Use of Academic Vocabulary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose for this action research study was to answer the question: "How can we enhance students' active engagement with academic vocabulary in social studies classes?" In this article, the authors share the strategies they developed through their research that proved most effective in engaging middle school students with active academic

Larson, Lisa; Dixon, Temoca; Townsend, Dianna

2013-01-01

267

Assessing research impact in academic clinical medicine: a study using Research Excellence Framework pilot impact indicators  

PubMed Central

Background Funders of medical research the world over are increasingly seeking, in research assessment, to complement traditional output measures of scientific publications with more outcome-based indicators of societal and economic impact. In the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) developed proposals for the Research Excellence Framework (REF) to allocate public research funding to higher education institutions, inter alia, on the basis of the social and economic impact of their research. In 2010, it conducted a pilot exercise to test these proposals and refine impact indicators and criteria. Methods The impact indicators proposed in the 2010 REF impact pilot exercise are critically reviewed and appraised using insights from the relevant literature and empirical data collected for the University of Oxford’s REF pilot submission in clinical medicine. The empirical data were gathered from existing administrative sources and an online administrative survey carried out by the university’s Medical Sciences Division among 289 clinical medicine faculty members (48.1% response rate). Results The feasibility and scope of measuring research impact in clinical medicine in a given university are assessed. Twenty impact indicators from seven categories proposed by HEFCE are presented; their strengths and limitations are discussed using insights from the relevant biomedical and research policy literature. Conclusions While the 2010 pilot exercise has confirmed that the majority of the proposed indicators have some validity, there are significant challenges in operationalising and measuring these indicators reliably, as well as in comparing evidence of research impact across different cases in a standardised manner. It is suggested that the public funding agencies, medical research charities, universities, and the wider medical research community work together to develop more robust methodologies for capturing and describing impact, including more valid and reliable impact indicators.

2012-01-01

268

Balancing Academic Teaching, Research, and Service: a Paradigm Emerging from NSF-TUES Sponsored Project Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As every academic administrator stresses in interviews with new faculty, the role of a professor today involves balancing three areas - teaching, research, and service. Few institutions can afford the old policy of promoting and tenuring faculty based solely on research output and grantsmanship, whilst ignoring poor teaching outcomes. Outreach activities involving parents and the extramural community are increasingly important as expensive universities and four-year colleges seek to demonstrate their relevance in the age of much less expensive community colleges and distance education. Nevertheless, many faculty complain that teaching and outreach duties compete for their valuable research time. Some fields of research have such broad impacts that they merit the dedicated time of our best scientists. However, other research projects constitute little more than publicly funded professorial hobbies. The challenge is to reliably identify and prioritize the research questions that merit investigation. IN ODU's geospatial visualization group, we instituted a policy requiring Ph.D. theses to include a component (at least one chapter) dedicated to the development and testing of learning resources. TAs test visualizations in their lab sections in tandem with their research studies. They must incorporate original geophysical mapping, modeling, and/or analysis in order to justify a degree in the Physics Department (the traditional home of Geophysics at our institution) rather than, say, the College of Education. Geospatial graduate students also train to offer planetarium presentations to the public using digital full-dome projection technology that can be used with a wide range of geoscience and planetary science topics. Thus they tackle the three aspects of academic work from the outset. In contrast, students in other programs frequently serve as TAs in their first and then switch to grant-supported RA work, resulting in a steady stream of new TAs with little or no training. Our policy has lead to the emergence of a paradigm for academic inquiry. We develop and test learning resources to cover the gamut of earth and planetary sciences, which we view as the science of four-dimensional place-time. Our learning objects emphasize the role of visualization in promoting understanding. If these resources fail to achieve desired outcomes, we look into their design but also examine our own understanding of topics, since instructor misconceptions are an obvious hindrance to learning. Redesign of visualizations may improve outcomes but sometimes the problem lies not with presentation or content knowledge, but rather with gaps in the science itself. Thus teaching and public outreach can become vehicles for the discovery of fertile research questions. Dissemination of a policy that eastablishes teaching and service as bridges leading to research products has the potential to generate transformative changes in the education that graduate students deliver and thus the education that undergraduate students receive.

De Paor, D. G.

2012-12-01

269

How Are Academic Age, Productivity and Collaboration Related to Citing Behavior of Researchers?  

PubMed Central

References are an essential component of research articles and therefore of scientific communication. In this study we investigate referencing (citing) behavior in five diverse fields (astronomy, mathematics, robotics, ecology and economics) based on 213,756 core journal articles. At the macro level we find: (a) a steady increase in the number of references per article over the period studied (50 years), which in some fields is due to a higher rate of usage, while in others reflects longer articles and (b) an increase in all fields in the fraction of older, foundational references since the 1980s, with no obvious change in citing patterns associated with the introduction of the Internet. At the meso level we explore current (2006–2010) referencing behavior of different categories of authors (21,562 total) within each field, based on their academic age, productivity and collaborative practices. Contrary to some previous findings and expectations we find that senior researchers use references at the same rate as their junior colleagues, with similar rates of re-citation (use of same references in multiple papers). High Modified Price Index (MPI, which measures the speed of the research front more accurately than the traditional Price Index) of senior authors indicates that their research has the similar cutting-edge aspect as that of their younger colleagues. In all fields both the productive researchers and especially those who collaborate more use a significantly lower fraction of foundational references and have much higher MPI and lower re-citation rates, i.e., they are the ones pushing the research front regardless of researcher age. This paper introduces improved bibliometric methods to measure the speed of the research front, disambiguate lead authors in co-authored papers and decouple measures of productivity and collaboration.

Milojevic, Stasa

2012-01-01

270

What Is Academic Vocabulary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors address the construct of "academic vocabulary." First, they attempt to bring some clarity to a constellation of terms surrounding academic vocabulary. Second, they compare and contrast definitions of academic vocabulary. Third, they review typologies that researchers and writers have proposed to organize academic

Baumann, James F.; Graves, Michael F.

2010-01-01

271

Enhancing the Academic Skills of Adolescent Students with Learning Disabilities through Computer-Assisted Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at the Cumberland Campus of Nova Scotia Community College to determine the effect of a computer-based learning system on the academic and personal growth of adolescents with learning disabilities. Eleven learning disabled students, with an average age of 16.1 years, and one observer were chosen to participate in an 8-week…

Wilson, Lex

272

Culturally Responsive Pedagogy for African American Students: Promising Programs and Practices for Enhanced Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic outcomes for African American students continue to lag behind their White, Latino, and Asian American counterparts. Culturally responsive pedagogy has been purported to be an intervention that may help to reverse the persistent under performance for African American students. This article highlights findings from a three-year study of…

Howard, Tyrone; Terry, Clarence L., Sr.

2011-01-01

273

Enhancing Innovative Partnerships: Creating a Change Model for Academic and Student Affairs Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents the results from a national survey examining a recent innovation in higher education partnerships between academic and student affairs. The focus was on what change process can best assist institutions in moving to this model, which helps increase student learning on campus.

Adrianna Kezar

2003-01-01

274

Using Cooperative Learning to Enhance the Academic and Social Experiences of Freshman Student Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred seven freshman student athletes in 17 different women's and men's intercollegiate sports were required to attend evening study sessions. The student athletes completed academic assignments and studied for tests primarily in cooperative learning groups. As gauges of the program's impact on the participants, 3 questionnaires were administered to a sample of 50 (25 women and 25 men). The

Bruce S. Dudley; David W. Johnson; Roger T. Johnson

1997-01-01

275

Enhancing Academic Engagement: Providing Opportunities for Responding and Influencing Students to Choose to Respond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although educators often provide opportunities for students to engage in active academic responding, in many situations, students either cannot or will not respond. In the current article, we analyze the reasons students fail to respond. Practical procedures educators can use to prevent "can't do" problems are provided. "Won't do" problems are…

Skinner, Christopher H.; Pappas, Danielle N.; Davis, Kai A.

2005-01-01

276

A Community Translational Research Pilot Grants Program to Facilitate Community-Academic Partnerships: Lessons From Colorado's Clinical Translational Science Awards  

PubMed Central

Background National growth in translational research has increased the need for practical tools to improve how academic institutions engage communities in research. Methods One used by the Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI) to target investments in community-based translational research on health disparities is a Community Engagement (CE) Pilot Grants program. Innovative in design, the program accepts proposals from either community or academic applicants, requires that at least half of requested grant funds go to the community partner, and offers two funding tracks: One to develop new community–academic partnerships (up to $10,000), the other to strengthen existing partnerships through community translational research projects (up to $30,000). Results and Conclusion We have seen early success in both traditional and capacity building metrics: the initial investment of $272,742 in our first cycle led to over $2.8 million dollars in additional grant funding, with grantees reporting strengthening capacity of their community–academic partnerships and the rigor and relevance of their research.

Main, Deborah S.; Felzien, Maret C.; Magid, David J.; Calonge, B. Ned; O'Brien, Ruth A.; Kempe, Allison; Nearing, Kathryn

2013-01-01

277

Nuclear reactor and materials science research: Final technical report, May 1, 1985September 30, 1986. [Academic and research utilization of reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the 17-month period of the grant, May 1, 1985 - September 30, 1986, the MIT Research Reactor (MITR-II) was operated in support of research and academic programs in the physical and life sciences and in related engineering fields. The period encompassed MIT's fiscal year utilization of the reactor during that period may be classified as follows: neutron beam tube

Harling

1987-01-01

278

Research Motives of Faculty in Academic STEM: Measurement Invariance of the Research Motivation Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the psychometric properties of the Research Motivation Scale (RMS) in a sample of faculty members (N = 337) in university science departments. It was hypothesized that the RMS would evidence partial measurement invariance across tenure status and noninvariance across gender, given the different sociocultural factors (e.g.,…

Deemer, Eric D.; Mahoney, Kevin T.; Ball, Jacqueline Hebert

2012-01-01

279

Risk reporting quality: implications of academic research for financial reporting policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I survey empirical research on the relevance of firms’ financial report information for the evaluation of their risk. I recommend that financial reporting policymakers require or encourage firms to enhance their risk reporting quality in four ways. First, firms should report comprehensive income statements that: (1) use fair value or a similarly information-rich accounting measurement attribute and

Stephen G. Ryan

2012-01-01

280

A Web-Based EFL Writing Environment as a Bridge between Academic Advisers and Junior Researchers: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the age of "publish or perish," publishing academic journal articles is a must, not only for professors but also for graduate students in Taiwan. Increasingly, Taiwanese research universities are requiring masters and PhD students to write theses and dissertations in English, with an added caveat for PhD students to publish two or more articles…

Reynolds, Barry Lee

2013-01-01

281

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

282

Half Empty or Half Full? Staffing Trends in Academic Libraries at U.S. Research Universities, 2000-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a quantitative analysis of FTE staffing levels at academic libraries at 176 U.S. research universities between 2000 and 2008. Results showed that overall staffing levels at these libraries declined but that the average number of professional librarian FTE positions modestly increased. Other professional staff positions increased at a…

Stewart, Christopher

2010-01-01

283

Review of Experimental Research on Academic Learning by Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability in General Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature on academic learning in general education settings for students with moderate and severe intellectual disability was conducted. A total of 17 experimental studies was identified and evaluated using quality indicators for single-case design research. Studies that met or met with reservation the criteria established for…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.; Wood, Leah A.

2013-01-01

284

Has Academic Freedom Survived? An Interview Study of the Conditions for Researchers in an Era of Paradigmatic Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European universities are being shaken by two revolutions. One is a radical change in the way research is funded, the other is the increased emphasis on the teaching role of the universities. This interview study examines what effects these radical institutional changes have had on academic freedom. Based on a small number of in-depth interviews…

Bennich-Bjorkman, Li

2007-01-01

285

Academic Oligarchy and Higher Education Research. Implications for the Reform of Institutions of Higher Education in Austria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the higher education reform discussion in Austria which led to major system reorganization in 1993. It is noted that a previous academic oligarchy played a central role because a high proportion of university faculty also served in the parliament. Research on higher education played little part in reform because few studies were…

Leitner, Erich

1999-01-01

286

Academic Rigour, Managerial Relevance and Triangulation of Research Methods: A Perspective of Expectations Fulfilment in Postgraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing high-quality human capital and advancing existing knowledge stocks are crucial for the competitive advantage of a nation. The authors argue that offering postgraduate programmes that give great emphasis to academic rigour, managerial relevance and the triangulation of research methods is vital if these ends are to be achieved. They…

Hui, Loi Teck; Fatt, Quek Kia

2008-01-01

287

The Ethics of Science and/as Research: Deconstruction and the Orientations of a New Academic Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principle of reason "as principle of grounding, foundation or institution" has tended to guide the science of research toward techno-practical ends. From this epistemic superintendence of the terms of knowledge and inquiry, there has arisen the traditional notion of academic responsibility that is tied to the pursuit of truth via a conception…

Trifonas, Peter

2003-01-01

288

The Impact of Pell Grants on Academic Outcomes for Low-Income California Community College Students. MPR Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether financial aid, specifically federal Pell grants, is associated with academic success for low-income community college students in California. Previous studies in this series of MPR Research Briefs have examined transfer patterns and the types of financial aid typically received by students in this sector. This report…

Woo, Jennie H.

2009-01-01

289

Necessity for Industry-Academic Economic Geology Collaborations for Energy Critical Minerals Research and Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic geology is a highly interdisciplinary field utilizing a diverse set of petrologic, geochemical, geophysical, and tectonic data for improved scientific understanding of element migration and concentration in the crust (ore formation). A number of elements that were once laboratory curiosities now figure prominently in new energy technologies (e.g. wind turbines, solar energy collectors). If widely deployed, such technologies have the capacity to transform the way we produce, transmit, store, and conserve energy. To meet domestic and worldwide renewable energy needs these systems must be scaled from laboratory, to demonstration, to widespread deployment. Such technologies are materials intensive. If widely deployed, the elements required by these technologies will be needed in significant quantities and shortage of these "energy critical elements" could significantly inhibit the adoption of otherwise game changing energy technologies. It is imperative to better understand the geology, metallurgy, and mining engineering of critical mineral deposits if we are to sustainably develop these new technologies. There is currently no consensus among federal and state agencies, the national and international mining industry, the public, and the U.S. academic community regarding the importance of economic geology to secure sufficient energy critical elements to undertake large-scale renewable energy development. Available federal funding for critical elements focuses on downstream areas such as metallurgy, substitutions, and recycling rather than primary deposits. Undertaking the required research to discover and mine critical element deposits in an environmentally friendly manner will require significant partnering with industry due to the current lack of federal research support.

Hitzman, M.

2012-12-01

290

Improving Multibeam Data Quality Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC) is an NSF funded project with the goal of improving the quality of multibeam across the U.S. academic research fleet. There are many facets to the Committee's plan to reach this goal, one of which is to have a team of multibeam specialists visiting vessels in the fleet. During their ship visits, the MAC's Quality Assurance Team (QAT) deploys software tools, disseminates "best practice" documentation, assesses the state of the system as a whole and does everything they can to help ship operators better understand and operate their multibeam systems. A big part of these ship visits is simply outreach: we want to let the operators know that they have access to help if they need it. In addition to developing working relationships with the operating institutions, the MAC seeks to reach out to the end user: the scientific community that uses these facilities to further their research. By presenting the MAC and QAT concepts to the community, we hope to raise awareness of our efforts, introduce the software tools and best-practice documentation that we are deploying and also solicit feedback on what future directions the MAC should focus.

Johnson, P. D.; Beaudoin, J.; Ferrini, V.

2012-12-01

291

[Discussion on the trajectory and academic trend of the meridian research in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties].  

PubMed

Apply the document influx methods, collect monographes and other medical books of the meridian theory in the period of late Ming and early Qing Dynasties, by analysing the content and characteristics of the meridian theory researchs during this period, summarize the main academic trend of the meridian research in this period. The results indicate that the main characteristics of meridian theory research in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties are: 1) explain the meridian theory closely combined with clinical; 2) embody the academic trend of "understanding the theory in order to apply"; 3) the researchers include acupuncture doctors, other experts of TCM, some confucianists who also acquainted with medical knowledge; 4) the research content follow the theory system and frame established by internal classic on the whole, and with new explanations in some part of the content; 5) the research perspective develops from acupuncture to human physiology and pathology, treatment and all the other aspects. It shows that the meridian research in the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties has its own unique academic trajectory and direction, and has some new explanations in many aspects based on the classical meridian theory. PMID:19835131

Zhang, Jian-Bin; Zhao, Jing-Sheng

2009-07-01

292

Stimulating Creativity by Integrating Research and Teaching Across the Academic Disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creativity is a human adventure fueled by the process of exploration. But how do we explore our intellectual interests? In this talk, I'll propose that we seek out our creative opportunities using an inherent natural process. This process might, therefore, exploit search strategies found across diverse natural systems -- ranging from the way animals forage for food to the way the human eye locates information embedded within complex patterns. The symbolic significance of this hypothesis lies in its call for educational institutes to provide environments that encourage our natural explorations rather those that stamp restrictive, artificial `order' on the process. To make my case, I'll review some of my own research trajectories followed during my RCSA Cottrell Scholarship at the University of Oregon (UO). My first conclusion will be that it is fundamentally unnatural to declare divides across disciplines. In particular, the infamous `art-science divide' is not a consequence of our natural creative searches but instead arises from our practical inability to accommodate the rapid drive toward academic specialization. Secondly, divides between research and teaching activities are equally unnatural -- both endeavors are driven by the same creative strategy and are intertwined within the same natural process. This applies equally to the experiences of professors and students. I will end with specific success stories at the UO. These include a NSF IGERT project (focused on accelerating students' transitions from classroom to research experiences) and a collaboration between architects and professors to design a building (the recently opened Lewis Integrative Science Building) that encourages daily encounters between students and professors across research disciplines.

Taylor, Richard

2013-03-01

293

To What Extent Is Academic Entrepreneurship Taken for Granted within Research Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We test the hypothesis that academic entrepreneurship, resisted in the past by some as being in conflict with the long-standing Mertonian norms of open science and free enquiry, has now become widely accepted within the academy, or "taken for granted", as an institutional shift. Using responses to a series of attitudinal questions about academic

Goldstein, Harvey A.

2010-01-01

294

The Internet as a Source of Academic Research Information: Findings of Two Pilot Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of information available on the Internet focuses on two pilot studies that investigated how academic users perceive search engines and subject-oriented databases as sources of topical information. Highlights include information seeking behavior of academic users; undergraduate users; graduate users; faculty; and implications for…

Kibirige, Harry M.; DePalo, Lisa

2000-01-01

295

Assessing the impact of biomedical research in academic institutions of disparate sizes  

PubMed Central

Background The evaluation of academic research performance is nowadays a priority issue. Bibliometric indicators such as the number of publications, total citation counts and h-index are an indispensable tool in this task but their inherent association with the size of the research output may result in rewarding high production when evaluating institutions of disparate sizes. The aim of this study is to propose an indicator that may facilitate the comparison of institutions of disparate sizes. Methods The Modified Impact Index (MII) was defined as the ratio of the observed h-index (h) of an institution over the h-index anticipated for that institution on average, given the number of publications (N) it produces i.e. (? and ? denote the intercept and the slope, respectively, of the line describing the dependence of the h-index on the number of publications in log10 scale). MII values higher than 1 indicate that an institution performs better than the average, in terms of its h-index. Data on scientific papers published during 2002–2006 and within 36 medical fields for 219 Academic Medical Institutions from 16 European countries were used to estimate ? and ? and to calculate the MII of their total and field-specific production. Results From our biomedical research data, the slope ? governing the dependence of h-index on the number of publications in biomedical research was found to be similar to that estimated in other disciplines (?0.4). The MII was positively associated with the average number of citations/publication (r = 0.653, p < 0.001), the h-index (r = 0.213, p = 0.002), the number of publications with ? 100 citations (r = 0.211, p = 0.004) but not with the number of publications (r = -0.020, p = 0.765). It was the most highly associated indicator with the share of country-specific government budget appropriations or outlays for research and development as % of GDP in 2004 (r = 0.229) followed by the average number of citations/publication (r = 0.153) whereas the corresponding correlation coefficient for the h-index was close to 0 (r = 0.029). MII was calculated for first 10 top-ranked European universities in life sciences and biomedicine, as provided by Times Higher Education ranking system, and their total and field-specific performance was compared. Conclusion The MII should complement the use of h-index when comparing the research output of institutions of disparate sizes. It has a conceptual interpretation and, with the data provided here, can be computed for the total research output as well as for field-specific publication sets of institutions in biomedicine.

2009-01-01

296

The Academic Structure in Japan: Institutional Hierarchy and Academic Mobility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of the Japanese academic structure are examined with attention to the evolution of institutional hierarchy, the closed academic structure, and the effects of the academic structure upon academic research. The evolution of Japan's institutional hierarchy in academics has been tightly related to factors of nationalism,…

Arimoto, Akira

297

GROUND WATER REMEDIATION RESEARCH: ENHANCED BIOREMEDIATION AND MONITORED NATURAL ATTENUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of ground water remediation research conducted at the Subsurface Protection and Remediation Division is provided. The focus of the overview is on Enhanced Bioremediation and Monitored Natural Attenuation research for the remediation of organic and inorganic contamina...

298

California Cancer Registry Enhancement for Breast Cancer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project is to enhance the value of the California Cancer Registry as a research tool for clinicians and epidemiologists interested in conducting breast cancer research. The objectives of the projects are to: (1) classify breast cancers...

W. Wright

1998-01-01

299

An interdisciplinary and systems-based evaluation of academic programs: Bovine mastitis-related veterinary research, education and outreach  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interdisciplinary and systems-oriented approach for evaluation of academic programs was explored in veterinary research,\\u000a education and extension in the context of prevention of bovine mastitis. Bibliometric-based document analysis and observation\\u000a methods were used to assess disciplinary contents of veterinary research and graduate education theses, and New York State\\u000a dairy farmers' adoption rate of selected veterinary recommendations (bacteriological testing of

A. L. Rivas; D. J. Wilson; R. N. Gonzalez; H. O. Mohammed; F. W. Quimby; D. H. Lein; R. A. Milligan; R. D. Colle; J. D. Deshler; W. M. K. Trochim

1997-01-01

300

Quality assessment of marine geoscience data collected with the U.S. academic oceanographic research fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Marine science data collected using the U.S. academic research fleet support a diverse array of investigations across the ocean sciences, targeting important questions ranging from the impacts of global change on ocean chemistry and ecosystems, to the structure and dynamics of ocean circulation, to the nature of volcanic and earthquake processes at the global plate boundaries. Each vessel within the academic fleet is equipped with a suite of sensors (geophysical, water column, and meteorological) available for continuous operation during each expedition, that provide characterization of basic environmental conditions from sea surface to subseafloor. Given the vast expanse of the oceans, many expeditions collect data in previously unexplored regions and these data are of high value for later re-use to build global syntheses, climatologies, and historical time series of ocean properties. Understanding the quality of these "underway" data streams is essential for any of these science applications. However, documentation of data quality is rare and historically, routine quality assessment (QA) of these data streams has been lacking. In most cases, QA has been the domain of the science party for each expedition but limited to the data types of interest for the scientific goals of the specific program, with the quality of other underway data types remaining unassessed. Under the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program, QA of sensor data collected across the academic fleet will be routinely conducted as part of the R2R data pipeline that begins with the submission of cruise data distributions by ship operators. R2R will assemble datasets and documentation, and perform QA for submission to the NOAA National Data Centers (NDCs) for long-term archiving. The goals of the QA are two fold: 1. To provide feedback to shipboard operators to ensure that high quality data are consistently acquired, and 2. To inform future science users of the status of a field data set with detailed information regarding the nature of any problems identified. A wide array of factors impact the quality of data collected at sea, including weather conditions (e.g. winds, sea state), instrument functioning, and operator controlled settings and calibrations. Some data quality issues are best identified visually, but with the volume and diversity of data collected across the research fleet, QA is focused on tests that can be fully scripted. QA tests fall into two general categories: 1. minimal tests of the validity of a submitted data set (existence and validity of the metadata, and verification that all expected data files exist and can be read) and 2. data file level tests (each file can be read, data values are within valid limits, and calculation of statistical quality). Output of the QA is provided as a quality report included within an ISO standard data set metadata record, which is submitted with the data set to the NDCs for long-term archiving.

Carbotte, S. M.; O'hara, S. H.; Ferrini, V.; Arko, R. A.; Morton, J. J.; Sweeney, A. D.; Clark, D.; Miller, S. P.; Stocks, K.; Chandler, C. L.; Maffei, A. R.; Smith, S. R.; Bourassa, M. A.

2011-12-01

301

Research and Development on Enhanced Degradable Plastics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three major activities carried out during the report period are those relating to a) development of definitions, standards and test protocols for enhanced biodegradable plastics, b) the testing of selected starch-based plastic films for biodegradation und...

A. L. Andrady

1989-01-01

302

Embedding Research Activities to Enhance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper's novel, research-oriented approach is to embed research-based activities in a core second-year course of a university business degree program to support and develop student research capabilities. Design/methodology/approach: The design draws on Boud and Prosser's work to foster participation in a…

Webster, Cynthia M.; Kenney, Jacqueline

2011-01-01

303

Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices constitute relational work and professional and organizational identity work. By elucidating the ongoing relational and identity work of UIR participants in the social construction of autonomous academic science, I seek to make the interdependencies between the state, experts and private economic interests more visible, specifically in terms of their collective interest in the status and public credibility of academic science.

Biscotti, Dina Louise

304

Participatory Action Research in Public Mental Health and a School of Nursing: Qualitative Findings from an Academic-Community Partnership  

PubMed Central

Summary An academic-community partnership between a school of nursing (SON) at a public university (the University of Virginia, or UVA) and a public mental health clinic developed around a shared goal of finding an acceptable shared decision making (SDM) intervention targeting medication use by persons with serious mental illness. The planning meetings of the academic-community partnership were recorded and analyzed. Issues under the partnership process included 1) clinic values and priorities, 2) research agenda, 3) ground rules, and 4) communication. Issues under the SDM content included: 1) barriers, 2) information exchange, 3) positive aspects of shared decision making, and 4) technology. Using participatory-action research (PAR), the community clinic was able to raise questions and concerns throughout the process, be actively involved in research activities (such as identifying stakeholders and co-leading focus groups), participate in the reflective activities on the impact of SDM on practice and policy, and feel ownership of the SDM intervention.

Mahone, Irma H.; Farrell, Sarah P.; Hinton, Ivora; Johnson, Robert; Moody, David; Rifkin, Karen; Moore, Kenneth; Becker, Marcia; Barker, Margaret

2011-01-01

305

Theoretical Perspectives on Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst the government, higher education authorities and institutions, academics, academic development practitioners, researchers etc. recognize that there is an increasing number and diversity of students accessing higher education, do the stake-holders really know who these students are before even thinking of enhancing their learning and…

Jama, M. P.; Mapesela, M. L. E.; Beylefeld, A. A.

2008-01-01

306

Enhancing research capacity across healthcare and higher education sectors: development and evaluation of an integrated model  

PubMed Central

Background With current policy in healthcare research, in the United Kingdom and internationally, focused on development of research excellence in individuals and teams, building capacity for implementation and translation of research is paramount among the professionals who use that research in daily practice. The judicious use of research outcomes and evaluation of best evidence and practice in healthcare is integrally linked to the research capacity and capabilities of the workforce. In addition to promoting high quality research, mechanisms for actively enhancing research capacity more generally must be in place to address the complexities that both undermine and facilitate this activity. Methods A comprehensive collaborative model for building research capacity in one health professional group, speech and language therapy, was developed in a region within the UK and is presented here. The North East of England and the strong research ethos of this profession in addressing complex interventions offered a fertile context for developing and implementing a model which integrated the healthcare and university sectors. Two key frameworks underpin this model. The first addresses the individual participants’ potential trajectory from research consciousness to research participative to research active. The second embeds a model developed for general practitioners into a broader framework of practice-academic partnership and knowledge and skills exchange, and considers external drivers and impacts on practice and patient outcomes as key elements. Results and discussion The integration of practice and academia has been successful in building a culture of research activity within one healthcare profession in a region in the UK and has resulted, to date, in a series of research related outcomes. Understanding the key components of this partnership and the explicit strategies used has driven the implementation of the model and are discussed here. Conclusions A strong, equitable collaboration between clinical and academic partners working towards a common outcome can enhance the use of research within the healthcare workforce and contribute actively to the research process. A set of propositions are specified to facilitate both transferability of this partnership model to other professional groups and clinical teams and evaluation of the model components.

2012-01-01

307

[The positioning of nursing research in the academic studies: the origin and development of qualitative and quantitative studies].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to discuss the historical context of qualitative and quantitative research so as to explain the principle of qualitative study and examine the positioning of nursing research within academic study as a whole. This paper guides the readers towards the historical context from empirical science, discusses the influences of qualitative and quantitative research on nursing research, then investigates the nature of research paradigms, examines the positioning of nursing research, which includes the characteristics of fields such as natural science, humanity and social studies, and science, and lastly, presents the research standard proposed by Yardley in 2000. The research paradigms include Positivism, Postpositivism, Criticism, and Constructivism, which can be compared with Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The nature of the paradigm is to determine the assumption of the paradigm on the basis of Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The paradigm determines how the researcher views the world and decides on what to answer, how to research, and how to answer. The difference in academic environment is reflected in the long-term dialogue between qualitative and quantitative studies, as well as the standard for criticism. This paper introduces the method of evaluation of the quality of qualitative study proposed by Yardley in 2002, namely the sensitivity of the context, the promise and conscientiousness, transparency and consistency, influence and significance. The paper is intended to provide a guideline for readers in evaluating the quality of qualitative study. PMID:16432800

Lu, Pei-Pei; Ting, Shing-Shiang; Chen, Mei-Ling; Tang, Woung-Ru

2005-12-01

308

Embedding research activities to enhance student learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper's novel, research-oriented approach is to embed research-based activities in a core second-year course of a university business degree program to support and develop student research capabilities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The design draws on Boud and Prosser's work to foster participation in a learner-centred, discipline-based approach. Activities rely on technology supports and mixed delivery modes

Cynthia M. Webster; Jacqueline Kenney

2011-01-01

309

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (2) development of simulators for MEOR; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially

M. M. Sharma; G. Georgiou

1991-01-01

310

Enhancing Theory Courses with Racially Inclusive Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a blueprint that instructors of mass media theory courses can adopt to expose students to racially inclusive research in order to encourage students to explore and employ relevant theories when probing media and race questions. Offers examples of inclusive media research, examining six prominent theories: selective-perception theory,…

Bramlett-Solomon, Sharon; Liebler, Carol M.

1999-01-01

311

A grounded theory study on the academic success of undergraduate women in science, engineering, and mathematics fields at a private, research university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This grounded theory study revealed the common factors of backgrounds, strategies, and motivators in academically successful undergraduate women in science, engineering, and mathematics (SEM) fields at a private, research university in the West. Data from interviews with 15 women with 3.25 or better grade point averages indicated that current academic achievement in their college SEM fields can be attributed to previous academic success, self awareness, time management and organizational skills, and maintaining a strong support network. Participants were motivated by an internal drive to academically succeed and attend graduate school. Recommendations are provided for professors, advisors, and student affairs professionals.

Hroch, Amber Michelle

312

Batting 300 is Good: Perspectives of Faculty Researchers and their Mentors on Rejection, Resilience, and Persistence in Academic Medical Careers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Professional rejection is a frequent experience in an academic medical career. The authors sought to understand how rejection affects those pursuing such careers and why some individuals may be more resilient than others in a population of individuals with demonstrated ability and interest in research careers. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described a variety of experiences with criticism and rejection in their careers, as well as an acute need for persistence and resilience in the face of such challenges. Through their narratives, participants also vividly described a range of emotional and behavioral responses to their experiences of professional rejection. Their responses illuminated the important roles that various factors, including mentoring and gender, play in shaping the ultimate influence of rejection on their own careers and on the careers of those they have mentored. Conclusions Responses to rejection vary considerably, and negative responses can lead promising individuals to abandon careers in academic medicine. Resilience does not, however, appear to be immutable—it can be learned. Given the frequency of experiences with rejection in academic medicine, strategies such as training mentors to foster resilience may be particularly helpful in improving faculty retention in academic medicine.

DeCastro, Rochelle; Sambuco, Dana; Ubel, Peter A.; Stewart, Abigail; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

313

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

314

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research

C. P. Thomas; G. A. Bala; M. L. Duvall

1991-01-01

315

Image enhancement technology research for army applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recognition and identification ranges are limited to the quality of the images. Both the received contrast and the spatial resolution determine if objects are recognizable. Several aspects affect the image quality. First of all the sensor itself. The image quality depends on the size of the infrared detector array and the sensitivity. Second, also the intervening atmosphere, in particular over longer ranges, has an impact on the image quality. It degrades the contrast, due to transmission effects, as well as it influences the resolution, due to turbulence blur, of the image. We present studies in the field of infrared image enhancement. Several techniques are described: noise reduction, super resolution, turbulence compensation, contrast enhancement, stabilization. These techniques operate in real-time on COTS/MOTS platforms. They are especially effective in the army theatre, where long horizontal paths, and short line-of-sight limited urban operations are both present. Application of these techniques on observation masts, such as on military camp sites, and on UAVs and moving ground vehicles are discussed. Examples will be presented from several trials in which these techniques were demonstrated, including the presentation of test results.

Schwering, Piet B. W.; Kemp, Rob A. W.; Schutte, Klamer

2013-06-01

316

Advice for a career in academic gastroenterology: from fellowship application through job selection and contract negotiations to research and promotion.  

PubMed

This study aims to describe a comprehensive strategy for success in academic gastroenterology by reporting common sense, but mostly previously unpublished, recommendations. The recommendation are based on expert opinion from personal experience mentoring 125 gastroenterology fellows and residents as a program director for nine years and from mentoring research while publishing more than 160 articles in peer-reviewed journals and editing 11 books during a 23-year academic career. Primary criteria for fellowship applicant selection include board scores, clinical performance, interview performance, clinical training, and research productivity. For optimal chances, select the subspecialty of gastroenterology early during residency, consult a mentor, and develop a well-planned strategy. Faculty advancement depends upon publications, grants, national recognition, interpersonal skills, and recommendations. Article categories from highest-to-lowest in prestige are original investigations, review articles, book chapters, case reports, and letters/abstracts. Articles are judged by the prestige of the journal of publication. Resubmit rejected articles to successively less prestigious journals until accepted for publication. Articles in journals without peer-review have negligible career impact. Grant support creates protected time. Institutional reputation is important in academics. Do not accept a job without a written contract. Have a lawyer review your contract. An outside offer strengthens a negotiating position. Be sociable and nonconfrontational at work. Network with colleagues. Seek a mentor. Meet your supervisor regularly for feedback. Never express anger at your boss or patients. Avoid litigation with employers. Sub-subspecialize to develop expertise in one area. Focus on this area in your research and clinical practice. In conclusion, a well-planned strategy can help you achieve a senior academic position early and efficiently. PMID:19212312

Cappell, M S

2009-03-01

317

Action Research: Enhancing Collaboration, Nurturing Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article relates the experiences of teachers from the Towson University/Prince George's County Public Schools, Maryland, Professional Development School (PDS) site. A Collaborative Action Research Study Group (ARSG) was formed to facilitate the professional development of inservice teachers involved in PDS partnerships. Setup of the ARSG was…

Gooden, Kelly

318

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

319

Research Profiling: Nano-enhanced, Thin-film Solar Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanotechnology-enhanced thin-film solar cells constitute one of the most promising solar energy solutions and an important currently emerging application of nanotechnology. This paper profiles the research patterns via \\

Ying Guo; Lu Huang; Alan L. Porter

320

NASA Research Announcement for Space Suit Survivability Enhancement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the research activities for space suit survivability material enhancements. Self-sealing mechanisms for the pressure envelope were addressed, as were improvements in materials for cut, puncture, and hypervelocity impact resistance.

Fredrickson, Thad H.; Ware, Joanne S.; Lin, John K.; Pastore, Christopher M.

1998-01-01

321

Standardized endpoint definitions for transcatheter aortic valve implantation clinical trials: a consensus report from the Valve Academic Research Consortium†  

PubMed Central

Objectives To propose standardized consensus definitions for important clinical endpoints in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), investigations in an effort to improve the quality of clinical research and to enable meaningful comparisons between clinical trials. To make these consensus definitions accessible to all stakeholders in TAVI clinical research through a peer reviewed publication, on behalf of the public health. Background Transcatheter aortic valve implantation may provide a worthwhile less invasive treatment in many patients with severe aortic stenosis and since its introduction to the medical community in 2002, there has been an explosive growth in procedures. The integration of TAVI into daily clinical practice should be guided by academic activities, which requires a harmonized and structured process for data collection, interpretation, and reporting during well-conducted clinical trials. Methods and results The Valve Academic Research Consortium established an independent collaboration between Academic Research organizations and specialty societies (cardiology and cardiac surgery) in the USA and Europe. Two meetings, in San Francisco, California (September 2009) and in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (December 2009), including key physician experts, and representatives from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and device manufacturers, were focused on creating consistent endpoint definitions and consensus recommendations for implementation in TAVI clinical research programs. Important considerations in developing endpoint definitions included (i) respect for the historical legacy of surgical valve guidelines; (ii) identification of pathophysiological mechanisms associated with clinical events; (iii) emphasis on clinical relevance. Consensus criteria were developed for the following endpoints: mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, bleeding, acute kidney injury, vascular complications, and prosthetic valve performance. Composite endpoints for TAVI safety and effectiveness were also recommended. Conclusion Although consensus criteria will invariably include certain arbitrary features, an organized multidisciplinary process to develop specific definitions for TAVI clinical research should provide consistency across studies that can facilitate the evaluation of this new important catheter-based therapy. The broadly based consensus endpoint definitions described in this document may be useful for regulatory and clinical trial purposes.

Leon, Martin B.; Piazza, Nicolo; Nikolsky, Eugenia; Blackstone, Eugene H.; Cutlip, Donald E.; Kappetein, Arie Pieter; Krucoff, Mitchell W.; Mack, Michael; Mehran, Roxana; Miller, Craig; Morel, Marie-angele; Petersen, John; Popma, Jeffrey J.; Takkenberg, Johanna J.M.; Vahanian, Alec; van Es, Gerrit-Anne; Vranckx, Pascal; Webb, John G.; Windecker, Stephan; Serruys, Patrick W.

2011-01-01

322

Enhanced Dynamic Documents for Reproducible Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Dynamic documents that combine text and code, which is evaluated to dynamically create content when the document is “rendered,”\\u000a for example, Sweave, are a large step forward in reproducible data analysis and computation. However, to capture the research\\u000a process, we need richer paradigms and infrastructure. The process includes all the investigations and computations, and not just\\u000a the final reported ones,

Deborah Nolan; Roger D. Peng; Duncan Temple Lang

323

Building Academic Skills in Context: Testing the Value of Enhanced Math Learning in CTE. Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the conduct and outcomes of an experimental pilot study conducted in Spring 2004 to develop and test a model that aimed to enhance career and technical education (CTE) instruction with the mathematics already embedded in the curricula of six occupational areas. Although present in the CTE curriculum, math is largely implicit…

Stone, James R., III; Alfeld, Corinne; Pearson, Donna; Lewis, Morgan V.; Jensen, Susan

2005-01-01

324

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality…

McGhee, Patrick

325

Building Academic Skills in Context: Testing the Value of Enhanced Math Learning in CTE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental study tested a model for enhancing mathematics instruction in five high school career and technical education (CTE) programs (agriculture, auto technology, business/marketing, health, and information technology). The model consisted of a pedagogy and intense teacher professional development. Volunteer CTE teachers were randomly…

Stone, James R., III; Alfeld, Corinne; Pearson, Donna; Lewis, Morgan V.; Jensen, Susan

2006-01-01

326

Enhancing Transdisciplinary Research Through Collaborative Leadership  

PubMed Central

Transcending the well-established and familiar boundaries of disciplinary silos poses challenges for even the most interpersonally competent scientists. This paper explores the challenges inherent in leading transdisciplinary projects, detailing the critical roles that leaders play in shepherding transdisciplinary scientific endeavors. Three types of leadership tasks are considered: cognitive, structural, and processual. Distinctions are made between leading small, co-located projects and large, dispersed ones. Finally, social-network analysis is proposed as a useful tool for conducting research on leadership, and, in particular, on the role of brokers, on complex transdisciplinary teams.

Gray, Barbara

2008-01-01

327

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (2) development of simulators for MEOR; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially cultures and oil reservoirs,; (4) design of operation strategies for the sequential injection of microorganisms and nutrient in reservoirs. Accomplishments are: (1) ultra low interfacial tensions (0.003 mN/M) were obtained between decane and 5% NaCl brine using biosurfactants obtained from Bacillus Licheniformis, JF-2 which is the lowest IFT ever reported for biosurfactants; (2) a method to was developed isolate the biosurfactant from the growth medium; (3) the structure of the isolated biosurfactant has been determined; (4) several techniques have been proposed to increase the yield of the surfactant; and (5) an MEOR simulator has been completed.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States))

1991-01-01

328

The development of general practice as an academic discipline in Germany - an analysis of research output between 2000 and 2010  

PubMed Central

Background Governmental funding support is seen as a prerequisite for the growth of research in general practice. Several funding programs in the amount of € 13.2 Mio were introduced in Germany from 2002 to February 2012. We aim to provide an overview of publications reporting original data and systematic reviews from German academic family medicine published between 2000 and 2010. Methods Publications were identified by searching the database Scopus and screening publication lists of family medicine divisions or institutes. Papers had to report original primary research studies or systematic reviews; at least one of the authors had to be affiliated to a German academic family medicine division or institute. Results 794 articles were included. The number of publications increased steadily starting from 107 in the period from 2000 to 2003, to 273 from 2004 to 2007, and finally to 414 from 2008 to 2010. Less than 25% were published in English in the first period. This proportion increased to 60.6% from 2008 to 2010. Articles published in a journal without impact factor decreased from 59.8% to 31.9%. Nevertheless, even in the most recent period only 31.6% of all articles were published in a journal with an impact factor above 2. The median impact factor increased from 0 in the first period to 1.2 in the last. Conclusions The output of original research publications from academic research divisions and institutes for general practice in Germany greatly increased during the last decade. However, professionalism of German primary care research still needs to be developed.

2012-01-01

329

Academic Progress of Community College Nursing Aspirants: An Institutional Research Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The community college is a major site preparing students for nursing careers, an important role at a time of a national shortage. However, many of the low socioeconomic status (SES), minority students who aspire to associates degrees in nursing display low levels of academic preparedness. An analysis of 3-year institutional data from a single…

Perin, Dolores

2006-01-01

330

A Psychological Autopsy of the Suicide of an Academically Gifted Student: Researchers' and Parents' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of an academically gifted college student who committed suicide resulted in three sets of findings: those that reflected exclusively on the subject's life, those that compared his life with 3 previous psychological autopsies conducted, and those that reflected the parents' observations and experiences of his life. (Contains…

Cross, Tracy L.; Gust-Brey, Karyn; Ball, P. Bonny

2002-01-01

331

The School Environment and Adolescent Well-Being: Beyond Academics. Research Brief. Publication #2008-26  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents spend a large proportion of their day in school or pursuing school-related activities. While the primary purpose of school is the academic development of students, its effects on adolescents are far broader, also encompassing their physical and mental health, safety, civic engagement, and social development. Further, its effects on all…

Marin, Pilar; Brown, Brett

2008-01-01

332

Understanding Faculty Perceptions of the Future: Action Research for Academic Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of this study was to aid academic librarians in examining their perceptions of the future of higher education, engaging disciplinary faculty members to understand their views, and determining actions to take to shape the future. In this mixed methods study, scenarios about the future of higher education served as the basis for…

Malenfant, Kara Josephine

2011-01-01

333

Initiatives from the Academic Sector and Their Impacts on Higher Education and Research. Part 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Evolution of Academic-Industry Technology Transfer in the USA" (Berneman, Denis); "University-Industry-Government Partnerships for Innovation: The US Technology Reinvest Project--A Case History" (Leventman); and "The Science-Trained Professional: A New Breed for the New Century" (Tobias, Birrer). (SK)

Berneman, Louis P.; Denis, Kathleen A.; Leventman, Paula G.; Tobias, Sheila; Birrer, Franz

1998-01-01

334

Academic Faculty in University Research Centers: Neither Capitalism's Slaves nor Teaching Fugitives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses university-industry interactions for both educational and industrial outcomes. The results suggest that while academic faculty who are affiliated with centers are more involved with industry than non-affiliated faculty, affiliates are also more involved with and supportive of students at the undergraduate, graduate, and…

Bozeman, Barry; Boardman, Craig

2013-01-01

335

Teaching-Focused Science Academics Supervising Research Students in Science Education: What's the Problem?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academics who specialise in improving the teaching of "hard" sciences like chemistry, biology, maths and physics are increasing in number and influence at Australian universities. Those in academia who have channelled their energies into teaching are delighted with this development. It means that many committed tertiary teachers can now look…

Rowland, Susan

2012-01-01

336

Towards the Development of an Academic Word List for Applied Linguistics Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic vocabulary, as the most challenging aspect of language learning in EAP and ESP contexts, has received much attention in the last few decades (e.g. Laufer, 1988; Sutarsyah, et al., 1994; Laufer and Nation, 1999; Coxhead, 2000; Nation, 2001a, 2001b; Wang et al., 2008; Martinez et al., 2009). The major attainments of these studies were…

Khani, Reza; Tazik, Khalil

2013-01-01

337

Commentary: Implementing Social-Emotional and Academic Innovations--Reflections, Reactions, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article "Implementation, Sustainability, and Scaling Up of Social-Emotional and Academic Innovations in Public Schools" by Elias, Zins, Graczyk, and Weissberg (2003) is a thought-provoking contribution, and one that begs for more application. Some of the points the authors raise have been articulated in the school and clinical evidence-based…

Elliott, Stephen N.; Kratochwill, Thomas R.; Roach, Andrew T.

2003-01-01

338

Expanding Beyond Academics: Who Benefits and How? Trends in Education Research. Issue Brief. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief summarizes the findings of Mathematica's Valuing Competencies study, which analyzed the effects of students' high school competencies on their postsecondary earnings and educational attainment. The effects of several competency measures, including academic achievement (as captured by test scores) and composite measures of leadership…

Deke, John; Haimson, Joshua

2006-01-01

339

Transfer of Academic Staff Learning in a Research-Intensive University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In both Australia and abroad, there is an increasing pressure towards professionalisation of university teaching, with the expectation that academic development courses, such as the Graduate Certificate in Education Studies (higher education), lead to better teaching and learning practices. However, the knowledge, skills and/or attitudes that…

Ginns, Paul; Kitay, Jim; Prosser, Michael

2010-01-01

340

Asynchronous interface between a finite element commercial software ABAQUS and an academic research code HEREZH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to describe an efficient method to connect two independent softwares so as to jointly use best qualities of each software around a complex problem solved by the finite element method (FEM). This connection makes it possible to extend quickly and easily the applicability of new models developed in academic softwares, by their simultaneous use

G. Rio; H. Laurent; G. Blès

2008-01-01

341

Status of and Trends in Academic Intervention Research for Students with Emotional Disturbance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviewed 55 studies to examine trends in interventions to improve the academic functioning of students with emotional disturbance. Results of descriptive analysis indicated: lack of demographic information; settings usually special education classrooms; predominantly single-subject designs; lack of treatment fidelity data; lack of…

Mooney, Paul; Epstein, Michael H.; Reid, Robert; Nelson, J. Ron

2003-01-01

342

The Delivery of Computer-Based Bibliographic Search Services by Academic and Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 9 machine-readable data base processing centers was carried out under a National Science Foundation grant by the Northeast Academic Science Information Center. The basic issues considered were: the appropriate role of the library in the processing of computer-based searches; the effect of this form of bibliographic access on…

Gardner, Jeffrey J.; And Others

1974-01-01

343

The Adolescent with Spina Bifida: Academic Achievement and Employment Prospects. Research Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study of 52 adolescents with spina bifida reveals information about their intelligence and attainments at age 16, achievement examinations, the relationship between IQ and academic achievement, and employment at 18 years. Among findings are significantly lower performance among Ss with shunts and intracranial complications. (CL)

Tew, Brian

1986-01-01

344

Academic Service Perception: A Comparative Research towards University Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to measure and present the academic expectation and satisfaction levels of senior class students within Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty of Education of Afyon Kocatepe University comparatively. The population of the study are the students Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences and…

Hotamisli, Mustafa; Yoruk, Sinan

2011-01-01

345

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

SciTech Connect

The surface active lipopeptide produced by Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 was isolated to near apparent homogeneity. NMR experiments revealed that this compound consists of a heptapeptide with an amino acid sequence similar to surfactin and a heterogeneous fatty acid consisting of the normal-, anteiso-, and iso- branched isomers. The surface activity of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant was shown to depend on the presence of fermentation products and is strongly affected by the pH. Under conditions of optimal salinity and pH the interfacial tension against decane was 6 [times] 10[sup 3] mN/m which is one of the lowest values ever obtained with a microbial surfactant. Microbial compounds which exhibit particularly high surface activity are classified as biosurfactants. Microbial biosurfactants include a wide variety of surface and interfacially active compounds, such as glycolipids, lipopeptides polysaccharideprotein complexes, phospholipids, fatty acids and neutral lipids. Biosurfactants are easily biodegradable and thus are particularly suited for environmental applications such as bioremediation and the dispersion of oil spills. Bacillus licheniformis strain JF-2 has been shown to be able to grow and produce a very effective biosurfactant under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and in the presence of high salt concentrations. The production of biosurfactants in anaerobic, high salt environments is potentially important for a variety of in situ applications such as microbial enhanced oil recovery. As a first step towards evaluating the commercial utility of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant, we isolated t-he active. compound from the culture supernatant, characterized its chemical structure and investigated its phase behavior. We found that the surface activity of the surfactant is strongly dependent on the pH of the aqueous. phase. This may be important for the biological function of the surfactant and is of interest for several applications in surfactancy.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States))

1992-01-01

346

Enhanced oil recovery and applied geoscience research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this research program are to develop microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) systems for application to reservoirs containing medium to heavy oils and to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. The MEOR research goals include: (a) the development of bacterial cultures that are effective for oil displacement under a broad range of reservoir conditions; (b)

Thomas

1992-01-01

347

Academic Values And Academic Practice In The New Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports some data of an ARC funded study of academic staff in a number of disciplines in colleges of advanced education and universities. Generally, more university than college academics scored high on academic motivation, on teaching?research synergy and promotion of student independence, with college academics scoring higher on good teaching practice. There are disciplinary differences, too.Slightly more than

Ingrid Moses; Paul Ramsden

1992-01-01

348

College Residence and Academic Performance: Who Benefits from Living on Campus?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although previous research suggests that living on campus promotes a variety of desirable academic outcomes by enhancing students' involvement and engagement with their institutions, research on academic performance frequently ignores the possibility that different groups of students are differentially affected by their living environments.…

Turley, Ruth N. Lopez; Wodtke, Geoffrey

2010-01-01

349

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program, Status Report: Foreign Research on Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) research outside the United States. The term ''enhanced geothermal systems'' refers to the use of advanced technology to extract heat energy from underground in areas with higher than average heat flow but where the natural permeability or fluid content is limited. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from low permeability hydrothermal to hot dry rock.

McLarty, Lynn; Entingh, Daniel

2000-09-29

350

Financing Academic Libraries: Making the Transition from Enrollment Growth to Quality Enhancement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State-level funding formulas should be changed from enrollment-based to fixed cost-based, using standards such as those of the Association of Research Libraries. Funding linked with programmatic changes encourages quality of the institution and rewards effective library management. (CDD)

Cooper, John M.

1986-01-01

351

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, aimed primarily at the inexperienced teacher in higher education, but useful also for the more experienced faculty member, provides practical advice on teaching, learning, and assessment that incorporates recent research findings. Following a "User's Guide" (Heather Fry, Steve Ketteridge, and Stephanie Marshall), the chapters of…

Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve; Marshall, Stephanie

352

Podcasts and Mobile Assessment Enhance Student Learning Experience and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to combine podcasts of lectures with mobile assessments (completed via SMS on mobile telephones) to assess the effect on examination performance. Students (n = 100) on a final year, research-led, module were randomly divided into equal sized control and trial groups. The trial group were given access to podcasts/mobile…

Morris, Neil P.

2010-01-01

353

Establishing and sustaining research partnerships in Africa: a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north–south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease. Established in 2006 with seed funding from the British Academy, the partnership aimed to bring together multidisciplinary chronic disease researchers based in the UK and Africa to collaborate on research, inform policymaking, train and support postgraduates and create a platform for research dissemination. We review the partnership’s achievements and challenges, applying established criteria for developing successful partnerships. During the funded period we achieved major success in creating a platform for research dissemination through international meetings and publications. Other goals, such as engaging in collaborative research and training postgraduates, were not as successfully realised. Enabling factors included trust and respect between core working group members, a shared commitment to achieving partnership goals, and the collective ability to develop creative strategies to overcome funding challenges. Barriers included limited funding, administrative support, and framework for monitoring and evaluating some goals. Chronic disease research partnerships in low-income regions operate within health research, practice, funding and policy environments that prioritise infectious diseases and other pressing public health and developmental challenges. Their long-term sustainability will therefore depend on integrated funding systems that provide a crucial capacity building bridge. Beyond the specific challenges of chronic disease research, we identify social capital, measurable goals, administrative support, creativity and innovation and funding as five key ingredients that are essential for sustaining research partnerships.

2012-01-01

354

Creation of a healing enhancement program at an academic medical center.  

PubMed

There has been a growing emphasis on evaluating and improving the experience of the hospitalized patient. In 2004, the Cardiovascular Surgery team at Mayo Clinic Rochester, though achieving a high level of technical expertise and clinical outcomes, recognized that patients were not rating their overall hospital experience as highly as was expected. After a systematic evaluation of the hospital experience, tension, stress, pain, and anxiety were identified as key challenges for patients. A multidisciplinary team was created to evaluate pain management practices and explore methods for reducing pain, anxiety, and tension. An extensive review of the literature and site visits to other institutions provided the foundation for the program. The term "Healing Enhancement" was coined to identify the goals of this emerging paradigm that focused on all aspects of the patient's experience-mind, body, and spirit. Integrated therapies such as music, massage, guided imagery, and relaxation training were explored to measure their role in patient care. PMID:17950176

Cutshall, Susanne M; Fenske, Laura L; Kelly, Ryan F; Phillips, Brent R; Sundt, Thoralf M; Bauer, Brent A

2007-11-01

355

Demonstrate the Model and Evaluation of Geoscience Research At Storm Peak (GRASP), a Field Research Experience Designed to Enhance Diversity in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geoscience Research at Storm Peak (GRASP) has created an exceptional field-research experience, with both remote and urban settings, for a diverse group of undergraduate students. GRASP is supported by the National Science Foundation's Opportunity for Enhancing Diversity in Geoscience (OEDG) Program. In 2011, GRASP accepted a third cohort. To date, twenty-two students have participated in GRASP. The program exposed GRASP participants to potential careers in the geosciences and provided them with an authentic research experience at Storm Peak Laboratory. Storm Peak Laboratory, a high elevation atmospheric science research facility, is located in Steamboat Springs, Colorado. The GRASP participants were selected based on academic excellence with their scientific disciplines and interest in careers pursing research. They are an interdisciplinary group including majors in engineering, chemistry, geology, and meteorology. Multiple evaluation methods were employed using both qualitative and quantitative techniques in order to examine the impacts and effects of GRASP on participants. Results will be presented.

Hallar, A. G.; Mccubbin, I. B.; Lynds, S. E.; Dodson, C.

2012-12-01

356

Library Research and Statistics. Research on Libraries and Librarianship in 2002; Number of Libraries in the United States and Canada; Highlights of NCES Surveys; Library Acquisition Expenditures, 2001-2002: U.S. Public, Academic, Special, and Government Libraries; LJ Budget Report: A Precarious Holding Pattern; Price Indexes for Public and Academic Libraries; Library Buildings 2002: The Building Buck Doesn't Stop Here.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes seven reports that discuss research on libraries and librarianship, including academic, public, and school libraries; awards and grants; number of libraries in the United States and Canada; National Center for Education Statistics results; library expenditures for public, academic, special, and government libraries; library budgets; price…

Lynch, Mary Jo; Oder, Norman; Halstead, Kent; Fox, Bette-Lee

2003-01-01

357

On How Editors of Academic Journals at Institutions of Higher Learning Should Resist Academic Corruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic corruption is a hot issue in today's society. "Academic corruption" means that certain individuals in academic circles, driven by the desire for personal gain, resort to various kinds of nonnormative and unethical behavior in academic research activities. These include: academic self-piracy, academic piracy, copying and plagiarism,…

Jing, Xiao

2007-01-01

358

Learning Style, Academic Belief Systems, Self-report Student Proficiency and Academic Achievement in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both learning style and academic belief systems have been identified as significant factors contributing to academic achievement. This paper evaluates the efficacy of teaching and learning in higher education by investigating the relationship between students assessment of their own academic proficiency (in this case Research Methods Proficiency [RMP]), learning style, academic locus of control, academic self-efficacy and academic achievement. First

Simon Cassidy; Peter Eachus

2000-01-01

359

The Causal Ordering of Self-Concept and Academic Motivation and Its Effect on Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical questions in educational psychology research to be addressed in this paper concern the casual relationship between academic self-concept, academic motivation and its effect on academic achievement. Do changes in academic self-concept and academic motivation lead to changes in subsequent academic achievement? Various studies have attempted…

Green, Jasmine; Nelson, Genevieve; Martin, Andrew J.; Marsh, Herb

2006-01-01

360

76 FR 54408 - Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing Protections for Research Subjects and Reducing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Enhancing Protections for Research Subjects and Reducing Burden...subjects who participate in research might be modernized and revised...ID number in the ``Enter Keyword or ID'' field and click on...J.D., Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP),...

2011-09-01

361

Research Ethics and Participatory Research in an Interdisciplinary Technology-Enhanced Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This account identifies some of the tensions that became apparent in a large interdisciplinary technology-enhanced learning project as its members attempted to maintain their commitment to responsive, participatory research and development in naturalistic research settings while also "enacting" these commitments in formal research review…

Tracy, Frances; Carmichael, Patrick

2010-01-01

362

Research Experience for Undergraduates: an International Program Enhancing Interdisciplinary Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This NSF-funded research experience for undergraduates (REU) took place in South Africa, where gold mines provided outstanding field sites to investigate biogeochemical processes in deep subsurface environments. Underrepresented minorities were encouraged to participate. Cross-disciplinary training was a major ambition for this REU Site: Biogeochemical Educational Experiences - South Africa. Students were selected from diverse academic disciplines (biology, chemistry, and geology) to participate in this interdisciplinary research program. Research projects included characterizing microbial communities with molecular and biochemical techniques, cultivating microorganisms, utilizing geochemical and isotopic parameters to constrain nutrient cycling in groundwater, investigating extreme enzymes and examining functional genes. During the REU, students collected biofilms and fissure water emanating from gas-rich boreholes in 2-3 km deep mines and performed laboratory research in teams under joint mentorship of U.S. and South African scientists. Research teams consisted of three to five students with at least one student from each country and at least two of the disciplines represented. Team membership reflected students' ranking of their choices among mentor-proposed projects. The REU encouraged students to increase scientific knowledge across disciplines, improve oral and written communication skills, and explore cultural and international challenges for scientific research in the global community. Each research team presented oral progress reports to the other research teams to provide communication skill development and to provide a forum for data exchange and interpretation among the various disciplines. Oral communication training culminated in a public presentation by each team at a university/industry science symposium. Mentors reviewed students' writing skills as they prepared text on experimental design, research findings, data interpretation, and literature reviews, leading to final team reports in manuscript format. Students learned how their research contributes to the big picture of biogeochemical processes in the mines. The group research teams and the forums for discussion allowed the students to gain interdisciplinary knowledge and expanded thought processes and views of interdisciplinary research. Thirty-two undergraduates from three countries have participated in this program. Several students are continuing their REU-initiated research as senior thesis projects at their home institutions; some are applying for graduate study in biogeochemistry, and others have started graduate studies.

Pfiffner, S. M.; Davis, K. L.; Phelps, T. J.; Kieft, T. L.; Gihring, T. M.; Onstott, T. C.; Nthangeni, B.; Piater, L.; van Heerden, E.

2004-12-01

363

Implementing health research through academic and clinical partnerships: a realistic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC)  

PubMed Central

Background The English National Health Service has made a major investment in nine partnerships between higher education institutions and local health services called Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC). They have been funded to increase capacity and capability to produce and implement research through sustained interactions between academics and health services. CLAHRCs provide a natural 'test bed' for exploring questions about research implementation within a partnership model of delivery. This protocol describes an externally funded evaluation that focuses on implementation mechanisms and processes within three CLAHRCs. It seeks to uncover what works, for whom, how, and in what circumstances. Design and methods This study is a longitudinal three-phase, multi-method realistic evaluation, which deliberately aims to explore the boundaries around knowledge use in context. The evaluation funder wishes to see it conducted for the process of learning, not for judging performance. The study is underpinned by a conceptual framework that combines the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services and Knowledge to Action frameworks to reflect the complexities of implementation. Three participating CLARHCS will provide in-depth comparative case studies of research implementation using multiple data collection methods including interviews, observation, documents, and publicly available data to test and refine hypotheses over four rounds of data collection. We will test the wider applicability of emerging findings with a wider community using an interpretative forum. Discussion The idea that collaboration between academics and services might lead to more applicable health research that is actually used in practice is theoretically and intuitively appealing; however the evidence for it is limited. Our evaluation is designed to capture the processes and impacts of collaborative approaches for implementing research, and therefore should contribute to the evidence base about an increasingly popular (e.g., Mode two, integrated knowledge transfer, interactive research), but poorly understood approach to knowledge translation. Additionally we hope to develop approaches for evaluating implementation processes and impacts particularly with respect to integrated stakeholder involvement.

2011-01-01

364

Using the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique in Counselling Psychology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an effective approach to using the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique (ECIT) research method based on Flanagan's (1954) Critical Incident Technique (CIT). It begins with an overview of the CIT, how to decide if it is the appropriate methodology to use, then, using a recent CIT study as an example, discusses Flanagan's five…

Butterfield, Lee D.; Borgen, William A.; Maglio, Asa-Sophia T.; Amundson, Norman E.

2009-01-01

365

Enhancing High Performance Computing Research and Education at AAMU.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the final report for the Department of Energy (DOE) project DE-FG02-02ER25545, entitled, Enhancing High Performance Computing Research and Education at AAMU. The project was started in September 15, 2002, and it was ended in September 14, 2005. Th...

C. Qian Z. T. Deng

2005-01-01

366

Capacity Needs in Community-Based Organizations for Enhancing Translational Research in Puerto Rico  

PubMed Central

Background In an effort to form and sustain community–academic partnerships (CAPs) to enhance clinical and translational research, an assessment of needs for selecting and implementing evidence-based programs (EBPs) was conducted among a group of community-based organizations (CBOs) throughout Puerto Rico. Methods The survey was based on an instrument developed by the Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network. It assessed specific service information, program selection/implementation processes, knowledge and perception of EBPs, funding venues, evaluation processes, and capacity and training needs. Recruitment consisted of contacting 100 nonprofit organizations in Puerto Rico that work or address specific health areas, namely, cancer, neurological disorders, HIV, and cardiovascular health. Results The survey revealed wide variability in understanding what constitutes an EBP. Training needs for building a productive translational research process also were identified. Prominent among these were securing funding for ongoing operations, utilizing data for decision making, developing collaborations, managing information, conducting community needs assessments, and program evaluation. Conclusions These findings point to important implications for promoting community–campus partnerships for advancing clinical and translational research.

Martinez, Giovanni; Sardinas, Lili M.; Acosta-Perez, Edna; Medina, Lizbeth; Rivera, Mirza; Pattatucci, Angela

2014-01-01

367

Research and Teaching Cultures in Two Contrasting UK Policy Contexts: Academic Life in Education Departments in Five English and Scottish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores academic staff and departmental research and teaching cultures in the Education Departments of five universities in Scotland and England, countries with increasingly diverging public policies in respect of education. The relationship between research and teaching, how the purposes of universities are defined and the status of…

Deem, Rosemary; Lucas, Lisa

2007-01-01

368

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

369

Frequency Analysis of the Words in the Academic Word List (AWL) and Non-AWL Content Words in Applied Linguistics Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a corpus-based lexical study that aims to explore the use of words in Coxhead's (2000) Academic Word List (AWL) in journal articles in the field of applied linguistics. A 1.5 million-word corpus called the Applied Linguistics Research Articles Corpus (ALC) was created for this study. The corpus consists of 200 research articles that…

Vongpumivitch, Viphavee; Huang, Ju-yu; Chang, Yu-Chia

2009-01-01

370

Evaluation of a Community-Based Participatory Research Consortium from the Perspective of Academics and Community Service Providers Focused on Child Health and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A process evaluation of a consortium of academic researchers and community-based service providers focused on the health and well-being of children and families provides empirical and practice-based evidence of those factors important for community-based participatory research (CBPR). This study draws on quantitative ratings of 33 factors…

Pivik, Jayne R.; Goelman, Hillel

2011-01-01

371

Language Matters: The Supply of and Demand for UK Born and Educated Academic Researchers with Skills in Languages Other Than English. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses concerns that the future of the UK's world class research base might be threatened by the decline in modern language learning and calls for a series of measures by Universities and Government bodies to address this danger. It investigates evidence for the role of language skills in academic research in the humanities and…

Levitt, Ruth; Janta, Barbara; Shehabi, Ala'a; Jones, Daniel; Valentini, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

372

Association between co-authorship network and scientific productivity and impact indicators in academic medical research centers: A case study in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the co-authorship networks in three successful Iranian academic research centers, in order to find the association between the scientific productivity and impact indicators with network features in a case study. METHODS: We searched for English articles of the three research centers. We drew co-authorship maps of each center and calculated social network measures. RESULTS: The

Reza Yousefi-Nooraie; Marjan Akbari-Kamrani; Robert A Hanneman; Arash Etemadi

2008-01-01

373

Examining the fabric of academic life: An analysis of three decades of research on the perceptions of Australian academics about their roles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last three decades there have been numerous surveys in Australian universities which have attempted to describe the perceptions of academic staff to various aspects of their roles. Each of these surveys appears to have been inspired by changes resulting from contemporaneous government policies and\\/or community expectations. Calls for “Efficiency and Effectiveness”, “Accountability”, and “Quality and Diversity”have coincided with

Di Adams

1998-01-01

374

An Examination of Pre-Entry and Academic Performance Factors that Predict Persistence for Academically Underprepared Students at a Public Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine student demographic, family characteristics, pre-college, and college academic factors that predict persistence between freshmen students who were placed or not placed in remediation courses. The participants for this study were comprised of 3,213 first-time, full-time and part-time, degree-seeking freshmen…

Stewart, Sheilynda F.

2010-01-01

375

Research activities of full-time faculty in academic departments of psychiatry.  

PubMed

Using data collected by a 1989 American Psychiatric Association survey of full-time, salaried faculty in departments of psychiatry at US medical schools, we examined the number of faculty engaged in research, their levels of involvement in research, distribution, sources of funding, fields and topics studied, and training. Using a three-level measure of research involvement, we categorized 39.1% of the respondents as "researchers," 36% as "limited commitment researchers," and 25.1% as not involved in research. In a pattern similar to that observed for research funding in other studies, half of the researchers were concentrated in the top 15 of the 116 responding departments. Level of research involvement varied by degree type (joint-program MD/PhDs were most involved), sources of funding, fields, and topics. Among faculty with MDs, having had research experiences in medical school or postdoctoral research training was associated with a higher level of research involvement. The findings underscore the need to expand and improve postdoctoral research training--especially for MDs--and programs to recruit college and medical students into psychiatric research. PMID:8343036

Pincus, H A; Dial, T H; Haviland, M G

1993-08-01

376

The Reluctant Academic: Early-Career Academics in a Teaching-Orientated University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on research into academic identities amongst early-career academics in a UK post-1992, teaching-orientated university. Literature around academic identity suggests five major academic roles: teaching, research, management, writing and networking. However, this appears to be a picture of an established mid-career academic in a…

Gale, Helen

2011-01-01

377

The Impact of Teacher Research on Teacher Learning in Academic Training Schools in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a government-initiated programme based on the concept of professional development schools, three secondary schools in Amsterdam decided to facilitate teachers in their schools to engage in practice research. This was based on the assumption that research conducted by teachers contributes both to the learning of the teacher researcher

Snoek, M.; Moens, E.

2011-01-01

378

Increasing Research Self-Efficacy among Students in Professional Academic Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gains in research self-efficacy for 60 Social Work and 75 Speech-Language Pathology students were compared. Our interest was to investigate whether students enrolled in both research and practice courses made greater gains in research self-efficacy over a semester, as compared to students enrolled in practice courses only. Findings indicated that…

Unrau, Yvonne A.; Beck, Ann R.

2004-01-01

379

Peer review for the evaluation of the academic research: the Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review, that is the evaluation process based on judgments formulated by independent experts, is generally used for different goals: the allocation of research funding, the review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals, and the assessment of the quality of research conducted by Universities and university-related Institutes. The paper deals with the latter type of peer

Reale Emanuela; Barbara Anna; Costantini Antonio

2006-01-01

380

Intensification of University-Industry Relationships and Its Impact on Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the intensification of university-industry relationships and its impact on university research. The paper consists of recent follow-up research to an international comparative research project conducted in the 1990s. It deals specifically with the Quebec (Canada) situation. Twenty-eight in-depth interviews were conducted in the…

Crespo, Manuel; Dridi, Houssine

2007-01-01

381

Research Commentary. Establishing Mathematics Education as an Academic Field: A Constructive Odyssey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leslie Steffe, among the foremost mathematics education researchers in the world, has had a profound influence on three generations of researchers. In 2006, he received the first-ever Senior Scholar Award from the AERA Special Interest Group: Research in Mathematics for the excellence and seminal nature of his work. Steffe shares his thoughts…

Steffe, Leslie P.

2013-01-01

382

Academic Excellence: The Role of Research in the Physical Sciences at Undergraduate Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapters of this collection show that students benefit from a research-based teaching environment, and that students who have the opportunity for research complete their science programs in greater numbers than those who do not. The chapters of section 1, "Achieving Excellence," are: (1) "The Role of Research at Undergraduate Institution: Why Is…

Doyle, Michael P., Ed.

383

Gender Differences on Research: The Perceptions and Use of Academic Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last years, the increasing pressure over higher education institutions to promote alternative non-state funding sources has lead to an increasing importance given to research and, more specifically to applied research. The notion that women dedicate less time to research may be seen in the new context, as a prominent threat for women to…

Carvalho, Teresa; Santiago, Rui

2008-01-01

384

A Council on Undergraduate Research Workshop Initiative to Establish, Enhance, and Institutionalize Undergraduate Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of undergraduate research workshop to significantly enhance the quality of undergraduate science education was cited as one of the goals by the National Science Foundations (NSF) Strategic Plan. To address this strategic national need, the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) has granted an NSF course, curriculum, and laboratory…

Karukstis, Kerry K.

2006-01-01

385

Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Academic and Clinical Convergence Point for Psychiatry, Neurology, Psychology and Pediatrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next…

Reiss, Allan L.

2009-01-01

386

Mentoring Urban Black Middle School Male Students: Implications for Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have called for innovative and culturally responsive intervention programs to enhance male, Black middle school students' academic achievement. Mentoring has received considerable attention as a novel remedy. Although anecdotal evidence supports the positive role of mentoring on academic achievement, these results are not consistent.…

Gordon, Derrick M.; Iwamoto, Derek K.; Ward, Nadia; Potts, Randolph; Boyd, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

387

The Impact of College Racial Composition on African American Students' Academic and Social Gains: Additional Evidence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College Student Experiences Questionnaire (CSEA) was used to estimate the impact of attending a historically Black college or university on social and academic outcomes in college. Findings extend previous research by suggesting attendance at a historically Black college significantly enhances academic and social growth of students. (Author)

Flowers, Lamont A.

2002-01-01

388

[Productivity and academic assessment in the Brazilian public health field: challenges for Human and Social Sciences research].  

PubMed

This article analyzes some challenges for knowledge output in the human and social sciences in the public health field, under the current academic assessment model in Brazil. The article focuses on the qualitative research approach in human and social sciences, analyzing its status in comparison to the other traditions vying for hegemony in the public health field, conjugating the dialogue with the literature, especially the propositions pertaining to the social fields present in the work of Pierre Bourdieu, with elements concerning the field's dynamics, including some empirical data. Challenges identified in the article include hurdles to interdisciplinary dialogue and equity in the production of knowledge, based on recognition of the founding place of human and social sciences in the public health field. The article discusses strategies to reshape the current correlation of forces among centers of knowledge in public health, especially those capable of impacting the committees and agendas that define the accumulation of symbolic and economic capital in the field. PMID:23288072

Bosi, Maria Lúcia Magalhães

2012-12-01

389

Impact of Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on academic radiology departments' clinical, research, and education missions.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) generated significant media attention since its inception. When the law was approved in 2010, the U.S. health care system began facing multiple changes to adapt and to incorporate measures to meet the new requirements. These mandatory changes will be challenging for academic radiology departments (ARDs) since they will need to promote a shift from a volume-focused to a value-focused practice. This will affect all components of the mission of ARDs, including clinical practice, education, and research. A unique key element to success in this transition is to focus on both quality and safety, thus improving the value of radiology in the post-ACA era. Given the changes ARDs will face during the implementation of ACA, suggestions are provided on how to adapt ARDs to this new environment. PMID:24029052

Mansoori, Bahar; Vidal, Lorenna L; Applegate, Kimberly; Rawson, James V; Novak, Ronald D; Ros, Pablo R

2013-10-01

390

Are the concepts basic research, applied research and experimental development still useful? An empirical investigation among Norwegian academics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Categorisations of research have existed for a long time and have in particular been influential since the first international R&D statistics manual was developed. However, the definitions and categorisations have come under increasing pressure. Scientists and policy-makers alike have claimed that the distinction between basic research, applied research and experimental development is increasingly irrelevant and based on misconceptions about modern

Magnus Gulbrandsen; Svein Kyvik

2010-01-01

391

Academic Collaborative Centre Limburg: a platform for knowledge transfer and exchange in public health policy, research and practice?  

PubMed

Research findings often fail to find their way into policy and practice, which is assumed to limit the effectiveness of public health policies and programmes. We evaluated to what extent the Academic Collaborative Centre Limburg (ACCL), a Dutch boundary organization linking policy, research and practice, has improved knowledge transfer and exchange between the three domains. We used a mixed-methods approach. First, stakeholders jointly defined the ACCL's programme theory, showing how the ACCL was supposed to achieve its intended effects. Second, we assessed the achievements of the ACCL in terms of knowledge transfer and exchange on the basis of the programme theory. The ACCL was found to provide a platform for interaction between actors from the policy, research and practice domains, facilitated by integrated network structures. The number of collaborative projects and actors involved in the ACCL increased, but actual cross-domain interaction patterns did not really change. Cross-domain knowledge transfer and exchange still require major boundary-spanning efforts by the ACCL programme leader. Boundary organizations do not automatically produce cross-domain interactions. In addition to infrastructural arrangements, cross-domain knowledge transfer and exchange could benefit from additional cultural changes, like adopting a deliberative approach to policy making and applying constructivist research designs. PMID:23642789

Hoeijmakers, Marjan; Harting, Janneke; Jansen, Maria

2013-07-01

392

The developing utility of zebrafish models for cognitive enhancers research.  

PubMed

Whereas cognitive impairment is a common symptom in multiple brain disorders, predictive and high-throughput animal models of cognition and behavior are becoming increasingly important in the field of translational neuroscience research. In particular, reliable models of the cognitive deficits characteristic of numerous neurobehavioral disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia have become a significant focus of investigation. While rodents have traditionally been used to study cognitive phenotypes, zebrafish (Danio rerio) are gaining popularity as an excellent model to complement current translational neuroscience research. Here we discuss recent advances in pharmacological and genetic approaches using zebrafish models to study cognitive impairments and to discover novel cognitive enhancers and neuroprotective mechanisms. PMID:23449968

Stewart, Adam Michael; Kalueff, Allan V

2012-09-01

393

Academic Performance of L.A.C.C. Transfers Entering the University of California During the Academic Year 1972-73. Research Study No. 74-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The performance of Los Angeles City College (L.A.C.C.) students who transfered to the University of California during the 1972-1973 academic year was studied and compared with past performance data. The study data were obtained from a report of the performance of new L.A.C.C. transfer students by the University of California and previous L.A.C.C.…

Gold, Ben K.

394

Academic incentives for faculty participation in community-based participatory research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the need to overcome the obstacles of traditional university- and discipline-oriented research approaches, a variety\\u000a of incentives to promote community-based participatory research (CBPR) are presented. Experiences of existing CBPR researchers\\u000a are used in outlining how this methodological approach can appeal to faculty: the common ground shared by faculty and community\\u000a leaders in challenging the status quo; opportunities to have

Philip Nyden

2003-01-01

395

Rural community-academic partnership model for community engagement and partnered research | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Numerous studies were undertaken by the partnership including surveys of attitudes and barriers to clinical trial participation, access to trials, biobanking issues, and patient navigation performed by community health workers for cancer screening. The partnership conducted formative research in the rural communities on the topic of biospecimen donation. Findings indicated that informed consent preferences and privacy concerns were significant factors related to distrust of researchers who do research with biospecimens, especially when the specimens are stored for future use in genetics studies.

396

Academic Library Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study determined from published advertisements the range of variability in employment opportunities of academic librarians. Research questions were formulated to investigate employment with regard to rank, academic expectations, benefits, tenure, and issues related to salary and equal employment. A survey and analysis through the use of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Program were made of selected data

Joseph A. Jackson; R. Wilburn Clouse

1988-01-01

397

Established and Evolving Spoken Research Process Genres: Plenary Lecture and Poster Session Discussions at Academic Conferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two types of main hall discussions at an ecology conference were studied: plenary lecture discussion as an accepted, established spoken research process genre with its own conventions; and poster session discussion as a fragile, embryonic research process genre struggling for definition. (14 references) (Author/LB)

Shalom, Celia

1993-01-01

398

The Impact of VA's Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Centers on Academic Affiliates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education mission of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is to train health professionals to benefit VA and the United States. One approach for achieving that mission, along with VA's research and clinical missions, was the establishment of Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Centers (GRECCs) in 1975. These were developed at VA…

Bragg, Elizabeth J.; Meganathan, Karthikeyan; Shay, Kenneth; Gilman, Stuart C.; Zeiss, Robert A.; Hettler, Debbie L.

2011-01-01

399

Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and research are often seen as activities that compete for a faculty member's time and energy. This perceived disconnect between teaching and research has been reinforced by a number of norms within the academy as well as by institutional practices related to how faculty are managed and rewarded. This article argues that teaching and…

Balkin, David B.; Mello, Jeffrey A.

2012-01-01

400

The Researcher's Journey: Scholarly Navigation of an Academic Library Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study of the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library's Web site identified the ways in which students and faculty of the University of Montana used the site for research purposes. This study employed open-ended interview questions and observations to spontaneously capture a user's experience in researching topics in which they…

McCann, Steve; Ravas, Tammy; Zoellner, Kate

2010-01-01

401

Annual Report of the Operation Research Center for Academic Year 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Operations Research Center is to provide a small, full-time analytical capability to both the Academy and the United States Army. The Operations Research Center helps to fill several Academy needs: (1) enriched education for cadets; (2)...

M. J. Davis, M. McGinnis, F. M. Lamkin

2000-01-01

402

An Analysis of Academic Research Libraries Assessment Data: A Look at Professional Models and Benchmarking Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research provides the first review of publicly available assessment information found on Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members' websites. After providing an overarching review of benchmarking assessment data, and of professionally recommended assessment models, this paper examines if libraries contextualized their assessment…

Lewin, Heather S.; Passonneau, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

403

The Electronic Academic Library: Undergraduate Research Behavior in a Library Without Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines undergraduate students' research habits in a strictly electronic library environment at a large public university. Unlike most information commons, the campus' electronic library is not housed within a traditional library space and provides access to electronic research materials exclusively. This study finds that undergraduate…

Van Scoyoc, Anna M.; Cason, Caroline

2006-01-01

404

Marketing, Investment, and Institutional Renewal in the Academic Research Sector. AIR 1986 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of selective renewal of basic research capability within a professional (medical) school of a major research university is addressed. Attention is directed to a strategy and process for conducting such a revitalization that includes marketing the program in a partnership modality to a local foundation. Reasons that the foundation…

Kutina, Kenneth L.; And Others

405

Strategic environmental assessment for sustainability: A review of a decade of academic research  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the strategic environmental assessment (SEA)–sustainability relationship over the past decade, from 2000 to 2010, focusing in particular on the incorporation of sustainability in SEA. A total of 86 papers from the academic literature containing the terms ‘sustainability’ or ‘sustainable development’ and ‘strategic environmental assessment’ were identified and reviewed. Several common themes emerged by which SEA can support sustainability, including providing a framework to support decision making for sustainability; setting sustainability objectives, ensuring the consideration of ‘more sustainable’ alternatives, and integrating sustainability criteria in PPP development; and promoting sustainability outcomes through tiering and institutional learning. At the same time, our review identified many underlying barriers that challenge SEA for sustainability, including the variable interpretations of the scope of sustainability in SEA; the limited use of assessment criteria directly linked to sustainability objectives; and challenges for decision-makers in operationalizing sustainability in SEA and adapting PPP development decision-making processes to include sustainability issues. To advance SEA for sustainability there is a need to better define the scope of sustainability in SEA; clarify how to operationalize the different approaches to sustainability in SEA, as opposed to simply describing those approaches; provide guidance on how to operationalize broad sustainability goals through assessment criteria in SEA; and understand better how to facilitate institutional learning regarding sustainability through SEA application. -- Highlights: ? There is significant potential for SEA to support sustainability in PPP development. ? However, there are still many barriers in place that challenge SEA for sustainability. ? The scope and approaches to sustainability in SEA must be better defined and described. ? Guidance is needed to link impact assessment criteria to sustainability objectives. ? Focus on how to facilitate institutional learning regarding sustainability is required.

White, Lisa, E-mail: lisa.white@usask.ca [School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A5 (Canada)] [School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A5 (Canada); Noble, Bram F., E-mail: b.noble@usask.ca [Department of Geography and Planning, School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5A5 (Canada)

2013-09-15

406

Managing Multiple Projects: A Literature Review of Setting Priorities and a Pilot Survey of Healthcare Researchers in an Academic Setting  

PubMed Central

Objectives To summarize and then assess with a pilot study the use of published best practice recommendations for priority setting during management of multiple healthcare research projects, in a resource-constrained environment. Methods Medical, economic, business, and operations literature was reviewed to summarize and develop a survey to assess best practices for managing multiple projects. Fifteen senior healthcare research project managers, directors, and faculty at an urban academic institution were surveyed to determine most commonly used priority rules, ranking of rules, characteristics of their projects, and availability of resources. Survey results were compared to literature recommendations to determine use of best practices. Results Seven priority-setting rules were identified for managing multiple projects. Recommendations on assigning priorities by project characteristics are presented. In the pilot study, a large majority of survey respondents follow best practice recommendations identified in the research literature. However, priority rules such as Most Total Successors (MTS) and Resource Scheduling Method (RSM) were used “very often” by half of the respondents when better performing priority rules were available. Conclusions Through experience, project managers learn to manage multiple projects under resource constraints. Best practice literature can assist project managers in priority setting by recommending the most appropriate priority given resource constraints and project characteristics. There is room for improvement in managing multiple projects.

Hopkins, Robert Borden; Campbell, Kaitryn; O'Reilly, Daria; Tarride, Jean-Eric; Bowen, Jim; Blackhouse, Gord; Goerre, Ron

2007-01-01

407

Design of e-Science platform for biomedical imaging research cross multiple academic institutions and hospitals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More and more image informatics researchers and engineers are considering to re-construct imaging and informatics infrastructure or to build new framework to enable multiple disciplines of medical researchers, clinical physicians and biomedical engineers working together in a secured, efficient, and transparent cooperative environment. In this presentation, we show an outline and our preliminary design work of building an e-Science platform for biomedical imaging and informatics research and application in Shanghai. We will present our consideration and strategy on designing this platform, and preliminary results. We also will discuss some challenges and solutions in building this platform.

Zhang, Jianguo; Zhang, Kai; Yang, Yuanyuan; Ling, Tonghui; Wang, Tusheng; Wang, Mingqing; Hu, Haibo; Xu, Xuemin

2012-02-01

408

The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI): Information for academic nursing.  

PubMed

As part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, the U.S. Congress created the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). Its goal is to fund research that will assist patients, caregivers, clinicians, and others in making informed health decisions. Because nurses play a critical role in engaging patients in health care, they are valued participants in setting the institute's agenda and carrying out its programs. In this article, we provide an overview of PCORI and describe how nurses can participate in institute activities and apply for research grants. PMID:24731919

Barksdale, Debra J; Newhouse, Robin; Miller, Julie Ann

2014-01-01

409

Challenging Perceptions of Academic Research as Bias Free: Promoting a Social Justice Framework in Social Work Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The required research courses in social work education are, perhaps, one of the more difficult content areas in which to infuse direct teaching and knowledge acquisition of multiculturalism. The study presented in this article examines the outcomes of systematically addressing social justice within a required master's level social work research

Nicotera, Nicole; Walls, N. Eugene

2010-01-01

410

Challenging Perceptions of Academic Research as Bias Free: Promoting a Social Justice Framework in Social Work Research Methods Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The required research courses in social work education are, perhaps, one of the more difficult content areas in which to infuse direct teaching and knowledge acquisition of multiculturalism. The study presented in this article examines the outcomes of systematically addressing social justice within a required master's level social work research methods course. The study tests the efficacy of a two-part

Nicole Nicotera; N. Eugene Walls

2010-01-01

411

Enhancing Academic Performance in a Classroom Serving Students with Serious Emotional Disturbance: Interdependent Group Contingencies with Randomly Selected Components  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modified multiple baseline across behaviors design was used to evaluate the effects of an interdependent group contingency program with randomly selected contingency components on the academic performance of an intact middle-school class serving five male students with serious emotional disturbance (SED). During the initial intervention phase,…

Popkin, Joan; Skinner, Christopher H.

2003-01-01

412

Digital Storytelling for Enhancing Student Academic Achievement, Critical Thinking, and Learning Motivation: A Year-Long Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of Digital storytelling (DST) on the academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation of senior high school students learning English as a foreign language. The one-year study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design involving 110 10th grade students in two English…

Yang, Ya-Ting C.; Wu, Wan-Chi I.

2012-01-01

413

Incorporating the Notion of Recontextualisation in Academic Literacies Research: The Case of a South African Vocational Web Design and Development Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a small scale ethnographically oriented research study seeking to contribute to understanding student academic literacy practices in a South African vocational, web design and development course. In this course digital multimodal assessments are the main means whereby students demonstrate their learning. The findings of the…

Coleman, Lynn

2012-01-01

414

Prediction of Academic Performance of the U.S. Navy Officer Students in Operations Research/Systems Analysis Curriculum at the Naval Postgraduate School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the U.S. Navy officer students who were registered in the Operations Research/System Analysis curriculum at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in spring, 1974, was conducted using biographical data, the Strong Vocational Interest Blank, and the Graduate Record Examination to develop an equation predicting academic performance of U.S.…

Soetrisno, Heru

415

Using Local Citation Data To Relate the Use of Journal Articles by Academic Researchers to the Coverage of Full-Text Document Access Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents methodology and findings of an empirical study comparing local citation patterns with the holdings lists of various sources of journal articles in the United Kingdom, including the British Library. Topics include identifying data that indicates researchers' use of journals in academic libraries and identifying data to indicate journal…

Jacobs, N.; Woodfield, J.; Morris, A.

2000-01-01

416

The Administrator as Superhero: A Commentary on Balkin and Mello's "Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a way to achieve better alignment of the ongoing teaching-research activity gap in business schools, David Balkin and Jeff Mello suggest that schools need to hire academic administrators with significantly developed management skills. The author responds to this recommendation with two concerns. First, many of the causes of the…

Lewicki, Roy J.

2012-01-01

417

The Impact of Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Organizational Climate on the Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Research-Intensive Universities in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on academics in research-intensive universities in the UK and explores their perceptions of organizational climate, role conflict, role ambiguity and job satisfaction. The findings suggest that the universities have multiple organizational climates. Three organizational climate types -- the Clan, the Hierarchy and the Adhocracy…

Schulz, John

2013-01-01

418

UC Berkeley Nuclear Engineering Curriculum and Research Enhancement. Final report, February 14, 1993--February 14, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This is a report for the 2/14/93 to 2/14/95 period of the five-year program proposed and initiated in 1992, for curriculum and research enhancement for the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. The program is designed to strengthen the departmental academic infrastructure and improve the education breadth of nuclear engineering students. The DOE funds have supported scholarships and a novel educational program which includes summer coursework at the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant. The summer course provides an important introduction to reactor safety and operations to students who will in the future be responsible for running many of our existing nuclear power plants. The work was funded under DOE contract DE-FG0393ER75856, with a matching gift to the Department from the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E). The program described in the original grant proposal has been successful implemented with an enthusiastic response from our students and faculty. The program consisted of two parts, one for innovative additions to our curriculum funded by the DOE, and the other for distinguished lectureships and support for basic research funded by gifts from PG&E.

Fowler, T.K.; Peterson, P.F.

1995-05-11

419

An academic-public health department partnership for education, research, practice, and governance.  

PubMed

Public health departments and medical schools are often disconnected, yet each has much to offer the other. There are 4 areas in which the 2 entities can partner; in Atlanta, Georgia, the Morehouse School of Medicine (particularly its Prevention Research Center or PRC) and the Fulton County Department of Health and Wellness have demonstrated partnership in each area. With respect to teaching, the 2 have collaborated on clerkships for medical students and rotations for preventive medicine residents. In research, Morehouse faculty and health department staff have worked together on projects. In service, the 2 entities have been able to put into practice interventions developed through their joint research efforts. In governance, the health department has a representative on the PRC board, while the PRC principal investigator serves on the Fulton County Board of Health. Benefits have accrued to both entities and to the communities that they serve. PMID:24667192

Akintobi, Tabia Henry; Dawood, Nazeera; Blumenthal, Daniel S

2014-01-01

420

The Status of Academic Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on the status of academic women is divided into 3 parts. Section 1 presents a review of 4 major research studies that collectively provide a comprehensive description of academic women. The studies are: "Academic Women," by Jesse Barnard, "The Woman Doctorate in America," by Helen Astin, "Women and the Doctorate," by Susan Mitchell,…

Robinson, Lora H.

421

Enhanced oil recovery: Definitions, fundamentals, applications, and research frontiers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the highlights of current oil-recovery technology, including primary, secondary, tertiary, and enhanced recovery processes. Fundamental displacement phenomena are discussed: (1) from a macro-view, such as injection- and production-well patterns, impermeable barriers, and geologic faults; and (2) from a micro-view, which considers oil displacement on a pore-by-pore basis in a three-dimensional interconnected network of flow channels. Applications used to illustrate displacement fundamentals included the major features of water, polymer, and micellar flooding; and steam and CO 2 injection. Also discussed are two principal frontiers of enhanced oil recovery research: definition of the reservoir, and independent measurement of the amount of oil in place.

Simon, Ralph

422

Enhanced oil recovery and applied geoscience research program  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this research program are to develop microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) systems for application to reservoirs containing medium to heavy oils and to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. The MEOR research goals include: (a) the development of bacterial cultures that are effective for oil displacement under a broad range of reservoir conditions; (b) improved understanding of the mechanisms by which microbial systems displace oil under reservoir conditions; (c) determination of the feasibility of combining microbial systems with or following conventional enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes, such as miscible and immiscible gas flooding, polymer and chemical flooding, and thermal methods; (d) development of an MEOR field process design; and (e) implementation of an industry cost-shared field demonstration project. The goals of the reservoir wettability project are to develop: (a) a better methods for assessment of reservoir core wettability, (b) more certainty in relating laboratory core analysis procedures to field conditions, (c) a better understanding of the effects of reservoir matrix properties and heterogeneity on wettability, and (d) improved ability to predict and influence EOR response through control of wettability in reservoirs. Accomplishments for this quarter are described for: MEOR research and field applications; and evaluation of reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery.

Thomas, C.P.

1992-01-01

423

Duane Webster's Contribution to Organization Development in Academic and Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Duane Webster is a visionary leader who, throughout his career, has had a significant impact on the improvement of libraries and librarianship. His work to establish the Association of Research Library's (ARL) Office of Management Studies (OMS) and its several organizational improvement programs laid the foundation for organization development in…

Sullivan, Maureen

2009-01-01

424

The Role of Research in the Achievement of Excellence in Academic Veterinary Medical Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The significance of research to veterinary medicine is discussed with regard to: (1) individual professional development of faculty members; (2) creation of an exciting atmosphere that stimulates others to greater productivity; (3) attraction of students to academia; and (4) contributions to new knowledge in disciplines. (LBH)

Ewing, S. A.

1977-01-01

425

Improved Vocational, Technical and Academic Opportunities for Deaf People: Research Component. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 5-year project is planned to increase opportunities for the deaf by using existing vocational and technical schools and junior colleges customarily serving the hearing. Its pilot planning phase developed guidelines for program establishment and administration and a research plan for program evaluation and improvement. Preparatory meetings and…

Craig, William N.; Burrows, Nona L.

426

Content Analysis of International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education: 18 Years of Academic Publishing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the history of the "International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education" (IRGEE) journal in terms of its sustainable future. The development of geographical and environmental education is evaluated, as reflected from the papers published in the journal "IRGEE". A content analysis of all papers and forum sections…

Kidman, Gillian; Papadimitriou, Fivos

2012-01-01

427

Scholarly communication and electronic journals: issues and prospects for academic and research libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to summarize the developments taking place in the scholarly communication system by reviewing the published literature on journal subscriptions, electronic publishing, electronic journals, Internet and changing information needs of researchers. It examines the role of different players in the scholarly communication process such as authors, commercial publishers, libraries, universities, and learned societies, their problems

Mamidi Koteswara Rao

2001-01-01

428

Factors Related to Faculty Research Productivity and Implications for Academic Planners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scrutiny over faculty allocations of time and subsequent outcomes is frequent in postsecondary education, especially at state research universities (those that receive appropriations from the state). Particularly during economic downturns, college officials and legislators must make difficult choices in fund allocation. For this reason, faculty…

Webber, Karen L.

2011-01-01

429

Data Needs and Use of Electronic Resources and Services at Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the ARL (Association of Research Libraries) E-Metrics project that is investigating problems related to collecting and using data for electronic materials and services. Describes a survey of libraries that focused on data collection activities and showed a lack of preparation as well as a lack of consistent statistics from database…

Shim, Wonsik; McClure, Charles R.

2002-01-01

430

The Impact of Electronic Resources on Serial Cancellations and Remote Storage Decisions in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, serial cancellations and storage decisions focused primarily on print resources. With the addition of electronic resources, librarians in large research institutions must now manage an integrated collection of both print and electronic formats. Explores the impact of electronic resources on decision decisions. Identifies criteria for…

Jaguszewski, Janice M.; Probst, Laura K.

2000-01-01

431

Making Sense of an Academic Library Web Site: Toward a More Usable Interface for University Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library patrons familiar with Web searching conventions often find library searching to be less familiar and even intimidating. This article describes and evaluates a series of usability research studies employing two different and popular methodologies: user-centered redesign and usability testing. Card sorting and affinity mapping were used to…

Kitalong, Karla Saari; Hoeppner, Athena; Scharf, Meg

2008-01-01

432

Unions for Academic Library Support Staff. Research Bulletin No. 4, Fall 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effects of collective bargaining by library clerical workers indicates that effects are often less dramatic than expected, and that there does not appear to be a single "union effect." Although one study found hefty gains for library workers with collective bargaining agreements, other studies have found no significant gains by the…

Kusack, James

433

Using Pedestrian Choice Research to Facilitate Resource Engagement in a Midsized Academic Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For a 1-year period, visitors to the Nelson Poynter Memorial Library, University of South Florida St. Petersburg were observed regarding how they negotiated through the first floor and interacted with the library resources and educational displays. Pedestrian choice research was applied to the library to better understand visitor movement and…

van Beynen, Kaya; Pettijohn, Patricia; Carrel, Marcy

2010-01-01

434

Academic Workplace: New Demands, Heightened Tensions. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report No. 10, 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pressures that have negatively affected the work environments of colleges are identified, and research concerning the work experience of faculty and administrators is reviewed. The effect of the extrinsic and intrinsic elements on faculty members' work is considered, including their power and autonomy, their relationships to the institution, and…

Austin, Ann E.; Gamson, Zelda F.

435

Designing a Qualitative Research for Evaluation of English for Academic Purposes Activity in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based teacher education provides new knowledge within the knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation. Communicative competence is of the greatest importance which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission, 2004). The successful…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

436

Linking Health Services Research to Education at an Academic Health Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Emory University (Georgia) Center for Clinical Evaluation Sciences is designed as an analytical resource for the university's health care delivery system and to promote health services research across the university. It also has potential as a resource for training medical students, house staff, and faculty in the evaluative clinical sciences.…

Hayes, Risa P.; And Others

1996-01-01

437

Dimensions of Academic Competence: The Relationship of Classroom and Research Performance of College Faculty. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determines empirically the relationship between college teachers' classroom performance and their involvement in research. The study is based on a national sample of approximately 5,000 faculty members in 16 colleges. Ratings of classroom performance were derived from published course critiques and scholarship ratings are based on a…

Linsky, Arnold S.; Straus, Murray A.

438

The Reference Desk Survey: A Management Tool in an Academic Research Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a survey of the level of reference service requested at service points conducted at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University indicate that, while 20.5 percent of 14,026 questions recorded fall in the reference category, only 0.7 percent required research by professional librarians. Models of reference desk service and…

Kok, Victoria T.; Pierce, Anton B.

1982-01-01

439

Archimedes, reading, and the sustenance of academic research culture in library instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure, reflection, and creativity have sustained a culture of research and scholarship throughout much of academia’s history. This article argues that these cultural elements should be introduced to the present generation of undergraduates and contends that “deep” reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements.

Amanda Cain

2002-01-01

440

Health Systems Research Training Enhances Workplace Research Skills: A Qualitative Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: In-service education is a widely used means of enhancing the skills of health service providers, for example, in undertaking research. However, the transfer of skills acquired during an education course to the workplace is seldom evaluated. The objectives of this study were to assess learner, teacher, and health service manager…

Adams, Jolene; Schaffer, Angela; Lewin, Simon; Zwarenstein, Merrick; van der Walt, Hester

2003-01-01

441

[AGIKO (Clinical Research Fellow); a training model aimed at enhancement of clinical scientific research].  

PubMed

The enhancement of clinical scientific research in the Netherlands is being stimulated to a substantial extent by the introduction and stimulation of a training model aimed at the combined training of physicians to both a general practitioner or specialist and a clinical researcher, the AGIKO (Clinical Research Fellow). The model has been recognized by the Central College for Recognition and Registration of Medical Specialists. Extra stimulation by the section Medical Sciences of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (MW-NWO) makes it possible to appoint AGIKOs on second or third flows of funds but also within the first flow of funds. During the last two years, 25 AGIKO applications from ten medical specialisms have been approved. The AGIKO model may help to meet (expected) needs for future clinical-medical research workers in specific research areas. PMID:9380169

van Rees-Wortelboer, M M; Lamberts, S W; Klasen, E C

1997-06-21

442

What Made Berkeley Great? The Sources of Berkeley's Sustained Academic Excellence. Research & Occasional Paper Series CSHE.3.11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University of California (UC) Berkeley's chief academic officer explores the historical sources of Berkeley' academic excellence. He identifies five key factors: (1) wealth from many sources; (2) supportive and skilled governors; (3) leadership from key UC presidents; (4) the pioneering ethos within the State of California; and (5) a process of…

Breslauer, George W.

2011-01-01

443

Academic Libraries and the Semantic Web: What the Future May Hold for Research-Supporting Library Catalogues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how future metadata capabilities could enable academic libraries to exploit information on the emerging Semantic Web in their library catalogues. Whereas current metadata architectures treat the Web as a simple means of interchanging bibliographic data that have been created by libraries, this paper suggests that academic

Campbell, D. Grant; Fast, Karl V.

2004-01-01

444

Targeting Undergraduate Students for Surveys: Lessons from the Academic Pathways of People Learning Engineering Survey (APPLES). Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Academic Pathways of People Learning Engineering Survey (APPLES or APPLE survey) is a component of the Academic Pathways Study (APS) of the Center for the Advancement of Engineering Education (CAEE). The APS aims to provide a comprehensive account of how people become engineers by exploring key questions around the engineering learning…

Donaldson, Krista M.; Chen, Helen L.; Toye, George; Sheppard, Sheri D.

2007-01-01

445

Enhancing the h index for the objective assessment of healthcare researcher performance and impact  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether the h index (a bibliometric tool which is increasingly used to assess and appraise an individual's research performance) could be improved to better measure the academic performance and citation profile for individual healthcare researchers. Design Cohort study. Setting Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, UK. Participants Publication lists from 1 January 2000 until 31 December 2009 for 501 academic healthcare researchers from the Faculty of Medicine. Main outcome measures The h index for each researcher was calculated over a nine-year period. The citation count for each researcher was differentiated into high (h2 upper), core (h2 centre) and low (h2 lower) visibility areas. Segmented regression model (sRM) was used to statistically estimate number of high visibility publications (sRM value). Validity of the h index and other proposed adjuncts were analysed against academic rank and conventional bibliometric indicators. Results Construct validity was demonstrated for h index, h2 upper, h2 centre, h2 lower and sRM value (all P < 0.05). Convergent validity of the h index and sRM value was shown by significant correlations with total number of publications (r = 0.89 and 0.86 respectively, P < 0.05) and total number of citations (r = 0.96 and 0.65, respectively, P < 0.05). Significant differences in h index and sRM value existed between non-physician and physician researchers (P < 0.05). Conclusions This study supports the construct validity of the h index as a measure of healthcare researcher academic rank. It also identifies the assessment value of our developed indices of h2 upper, h2 centre, h2 lower and sRM. These can be applied in combination with the h index to provide additional objective evidence to appraise the performance and impact of an academic healthcare researcher.

Patel, Vanash M; Ashrafian, Hutan; Bornmann, Lutz; Mutz, Rudiger; Makanjuola, Jonathan; Skapinakis, Petros; Darzi, Ara; Athanasiou, Thanos

2013-01-01

446

Providing a setup and opportunities for better training of postdoctoral research fellows in an academic environment.  

PubMed

Thousands of young researchers come from different parts of the world every year to take up postdoctoral (postdoc) research fellowship positions in the developed countries. In the US alone, there were 48,601 postdocs in the year 2005 working in different labs in the fields of science, health and engineering. Many pursue this option for lack of other alternatives. Expectedly, these individuals face a lot of difficulties in making this transition from being a student to becoming an employee of an institution. Many institutions are prepared to make this transition and period of stay easy for their fellows while others are not equipped at all. The presence of a postdoc office (established by an institution) or an association (formed by the fellows) can be of immense help to postdocs. Additionally, the availability of institutional professional development and leadership programs can also help to nurture and polish postdoc fellows into future faculty members and valuable members of the community at large. To name a few, these professional development programs can focus on communication and presentation skills, medical education, teaching and learning, bioethics and mentorship. There is an urgent need to address some or all of these issues so that better training environment and opportunities are available to this group of postdoc fellows. PMID:18480539

Ghayur, Muhammad N

2008-01-01

447

Environmental justice research and action: a case study in political economy and community-academic collaboration.  

PubMed

Community-university partnerships increasingly are being created to study and address environmental injustices. This article describes a case study of one such effort and its contributions to a decade-long community struggle to curb the growth of industrial hog operations and their adverse health effects in the United States' rural south. Worldwide transformation of livestock production from family farms to large-scale industrial agricultural complexes has resulted in the degradation of local environments, with negative impacts on public health. In the rural south, the concentration of industrial livestock operations has been most pronounced in low income African-American communities. Using political economy and community-based participatory research (CBPR) as a conceptual framework, this article explores the partnership between a strong community-based organization, Concerned Citizens of Tillery, and researchers at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, School of Public Health to study and address this problem. The political, economic, and historical context of the partnership is examined, as are the challenges faced, and the partnership's contributions to maintaining grassroots community organizing and activism and affecting local policy change. Implications for other CBPR partnerships are discussed. PMID:17827092

Tajik, Mansoureh; Minkler, Meredith

448

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

SciTech Connect

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research is a multi-year collaborative effort with the New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (NMPRRC), to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. Results from the wettability research will be applied to determine if alteration of wettability is a significant contributing mechanism for MEOR systems. Eight facultatively anaerobic surfactant producing isolates able to function in the reservoir conditions of the Minnelusa A Sands of the Powder River Basin in Wyoming were isolated from naturally occurring oil-laden environments. Isolates were characterized according to morphology, thermostability, halotolerance, growth substrates, affinity to crude oil/brine interfaces, degradative effects on crude oils, and biochemical profiles. Research at the INEL has focused on the elucidation of microbial mechanisms by which crude oil may be recovered from a reservoir and the chemical and physical properties of the reservoir that may impact the effectiveness of MEOR. Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 (ATCC 39307) has been used as a benchmark organism to quantify MEOR of medium weight crude oils (17.5 to 38.1{degrees}API) the capacity for oil recovery of Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 utilizing a sucrose-based nutrient has been elucidated using Berea sandstone cores. Spacial distribution of cells after microbial flooding has been analyzed with scanning electron microscopy. Also the effect of microbial surfactants on the interfacial tensions (IFT) of aqueous/crude oil systems has been measured. 87 refs., 60 figs., 15 tabs.

Thomas, C.P.; Bala, G.A.; Duvall, M.L.

1991-07-01

449

Identity: a complex structure for researching students' academic behavior in science and mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article is a response to Pike and Dunne's research. The focus of their analysis is on reflections of studying science post-16. Pike and Dunne draw attention to under enrollments in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, in particular, in the field of physics, chemistry and biology in the United Kingdom. We provide an analysis of how the authors conceptualize the problem of scientific career choices, the theoretical framework through which they study the problem, and the methodology they use to collect and analyze data. In addition, we examine the perspective they provide in light of new developments in the field of students' attitudes towards science and mathematics. More precisely, we draw attention to and explicate the authors' use of identity from the perspective of emerging theories that explore the relationships between the learner and culture in the context of science and mathematics.

Aydeniz, Mehmet; Hodge, Lynn Liao

2011-06-01

450

National vs International Cooperation in Research vs Academic Earth and Space Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The challenges of present Earth and space science successful programs highly depends on a number of factors which are different from lat century. Most of the problems to be addressed need not only multidisciplinary, but also transdisciplinary approaches. Research teams have to be composed of both experienced experts and young, dynamic, ready-to-learn youngsters who need to bring our science to the next step of humanity development. Nowadays, successful teams are working in a synergetic way, and they normally cross multiple boundaries. Advanced countries need to bring less developed ones to quickly reach higher development levels, by integrating the local specialists into the advanced programs and helping them to bring back home the expertise they gained, for a successful know-how transfer. We can be stronger only working together, for the benefit of all. Moreover, in Earth and space science, the traditional scientific boundaries between the deep Earth, Mantle and solid crust, oceans, atmosphere and space are slowly but surely dissipating, making room to more "vertical" scientific angles, superposed on a broader, horizontally- geographically background. In such a way, we indeed foresee a 3-D approach in a world deeply concerned by the economical crisis. Scientists need to do much more to present Scientists need to focus more on educating the generations to come, and a much more careful attention has to be paid to our children-teenagers-younger colleagues. Our science to decision makers and make them understanding why Earth and space investigation has to be in the forefront of the further developments on a very fragile Earth.

Mocanu, V.

2009-05-01

451

Enhancing Ecological Thought Through Phenological Observation, Research, and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Background The USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN) is an emerging and exciting partnership between federal agencies, the academic community, and the general public to monitor and understand the influence of seasonal cycles and phenology on the Nation's resources. Phenology is the study of the timing of recurring biological phases, the causes of their timing with regard to biotic and abiotic forces, and the interrelation among phases of same or different species. Phenological data and models developed as part of the network can be applied to scientific research, education and outreach, as well as to stakeholders interested in agriculture, tourism and recreation, human health, and natural resource conservation and management. The goal of the USA-NPN (www.usanpn.org) is to establish a nationwide science and monitoring program to better understand how plants, animals and landscapes respond to climatic variation, and to facilitate human adaptation to ongoing and potential future climate change. Results The NPN has a number of programs through which learners of all ages can observe and interpret their environment using phenology as a platform to facilitate understanding through active learning, engagement, and inquiry-based approaches. For example, since February 2008, the NPN-affiliated network Project BudBurst has registered almost 3000 people who are observing nearly 4000 plants across the continental US and are reporting their observations on-line. In addition, we are developing educational programs, modules, and activities applicable to all stages in the educational process from 'K to gray,' and are partnering with local, state, and federal governmental and non- governmental organizations on education/outreach programming. Dissemination of educational materials and information will be facilitated by the creation of an on-line clearing-house for phenology education and outreach. In sum, the NPN is developing a number of programs and products that will capitalize on myriad educational opportunities and a new readiness of the public to participate in investigations of nature on a national scale. Here, we describe how phenology can be considered an integrative science for local assessment of global change, and how citizen scientists can help meet science objectives while increasing their awareness of environmental impacts of human activities.

Weltzin, J. F.; Losleben, M.; Benton, L. M.

2008-12-01

452

Enhanced oil recovery and applied geoscience research program  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this research program are to develop microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) systems for application to reservoirs containing medium to heavy oils and to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. The MEOR research goals include: (a) the development of bacterial cultures that are effective for oil displacement under a broad range of reservoir conditions; (b) improved understanding of the mechanisms by which microbial systems displace oil under reservoir conditions; (c) determination of the feasibility of combining microbial systems with or following conventional enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes, such as miscible and immiscible gas flooding, polymer and chemical flooding, and thermal methods; (d) development of an MEOR field process design; and (e) implementation of an industry cost-shared field demonstration project. The goals of the reservoir wettability project are to develop: (a) a better methods for assessment of reservoir core wettability, (b) more certainty in relating laboratory core analysis procedures to fields conditions; (c) a better understanding of the effects of reservoir matrix properties and heterogeneity on wettability, and (d) improved ability to predict and influence EOR response through control of wettability in reservoirs. The focus of this report is a comparative analysis of potentially useful surfactants produced by Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus subtilis growing on various sources of carbohydrates. Historically, molasses has been the feedstock of choice for the in situ production of biosurfactants. We propose utilizing alternative carbon substrates (i.e., processing wastes from the agricultural industry) as replacements for molasses. These wastes are currently disposed of at a cost and may be employed as viable feedstocks for the production of biosurfactants.

Thomas, C.P.

1992-01-01

453

An organization for academic specialists: the time has come.  

PubMed

The Society for Academic Specialists in General Obstetrics and Gynecology was recently formed to meet the professional needs of general obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) in academic settings. Historically there has been little communication and poor networking among this group, largely as a result of lack of infrastructure. Until the Society for Academic Specialists in General Obstetrics and Gynecology, there has been no common venue to unite academic specialists nor a means to identify colleagues and develop professional relationships. The Society is creating avenues for communication and collaboration among general ob-gyn faculty across institutions. The Society for Academic Specialists in General Obstetrics and Gynecology is hosting national meetings, conducting workshops and webinars, and developing other media to promote research training, share administrative skills, and help members to become more effective educators. One major focus of the new organization is to provide resources to facilitate faculty development. Formation of the Society for Academic Specialists in General Obstetrics and Gynecology is particularly timely given that ob-gyns, without subspecialty fellowship training, have assumed major roles in academic departments. Their contribution to educational, scholarly, and clinical responsibilities is a significant benefit to the well-being of the departments of obstetrics and gynecology. In turn, the role of educator and scholar is of value to the general academic ob-gyn. The Society for Academic Specialists in General Obstetrics and Gynecology will help academic faculty and their institutions by filling current gaps in professional and career development, which should improve scholarship, enhance retention, and improve the ability for academic departments to fulfill their educational and clinical missions. PMID:24901278

Thompson, L Chesney; Chelmow, David; Hitt, Wilbur; Learman, Lee A; Ogburn, Tony

2014-07-01

454

FACTORS NURTURING ACADEMIC ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TAIWAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although academic research institutions have become a major player in protecting, transferring, and commercializing their knowledge base, little research has examined in enterprising research results from the angle of academic entrepreneurs. This paper examined the factors fostering academic entrepreneurship from institutional, organizational, and individual aspects, especially in Taiwan. Based on the Patent Database of the National Science Council, Taiwan, 474

YUAN-CHIEH CHANG; MING-HUEI CHEN

2006-01-01

455

Academic Dishonesty: The Link between Academics and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been many studies done and much research completed on the problem of academic dishonesty at the college and university level. However, there is a dearth of studies done on academic dishonesty as it relates to the legal issues and trends related to higher education administration. The purpose of this research is to analyze the issues,…

Jackson, Judith T.

2010-01-01

456

Collaboration Strategies in Nontraditional Community-Based Participatory Research Partnerships: Lessons From an Academic-Community Partnership With Autistic Self-Advocates  

PubMed Central

Background Most community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects involve local communities defined by race, ethnicity, geography, or occupation. Autistic self-advocates, a geographically dispersed community defined by disability, experience issues in research similar to those expressed by more traditional minorities. Objectives We sought to build an academic–community partnership that uses CBPR to improve the lives of people on the autistic spectrum. Methods The Academic Autistic Spectrum Partnership in Research and Education (AASPIRE) includes representatives from academic, self-advocate, family, and professional communities. We are currently conducting several studies about the health care experiences and well-being of autistic adults. Lessons Learned We have learned a number of strategies that integrate technology and process to successfully equalize power and accommodate diverse communication and collaboration needs. Conclusions CBPR can be conducted successfully with autistic self-advocates. Our strategies may be useful to other CBPR partnerships, especially ones that cannot meet in person or that include people with diverse communication needs.

Nicolaidis, Christina; Raymaker, Dora; McDonald, Katherine; Dern, Sebastian; Ashkenazy, Elesia; Boisclair, Cody; Robertson, Scott; Baggs, Amanda

2012-01-01

457

Making All the Children Above Average: Ethical and Regulatory Concerns for Pediatricians in Pediatric Enhancement Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on the knowledge generated by the long history of disease-oriented research, the next few decades will witness an explosion of biomedical enhancements to make people faster, stronger, smarter, less forgetful, happier, prettier, and live longer. Growing interest in pediatric enhancements is likely to stimulate the conduct of enhancement research involving children. However, guidelines for the protection of human subjects

Jessica W. Berg; Maxwell J. Mehlman; Daniel B. Rubin; Eric Kodish

2009-01-01

458

Transnational Academic Mobility and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines to what extent the participation of researchers in transnational academic mobility, their experiences and perceived outcomes vary by gender. Based on longitudinal statistics, original survey data and semi-structured interviews with former visiting researchers in Germany, the paper shows that the academic world of female…

Jons, Heike

2011-01-01

459

Outcomes of a Research-Driven Laboratory and Literature Course Designed to Enhance Undergraduate Contributions to Original Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work describes outcomes of a research-driven advanced microbiology laboratory and literature research course intended to enhance undergraduate preparation for and contributions to original research. The laboratory section was designed to teach fundamental biochemistry and molecular biology techniques in the context of an original research

Rasche, Madeline E.

2004-01-01

460

Academic Bullies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many professors have been traumatized by academic bullies. Unlike bullies at school, the academic bully plays a more subtle game. Bullies may spread rumors to undermine a colleague's credibility or shut their target out of social conversations. The more aggressive of the species cuss out co-workers, even threatening to get physical. There is…

Fogg, Piper

2008-01-01

461

Academic Advising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six programs demonstrating some of the ways colleges and universities are strengthening their advising programs to help students attain liberal educations are described, and an essay by Thomas J. Grites is presented. In "Academic Advising: An Atlas for Liberal Education," Grites defines academic advising as a decision-making process during which…

Brown, Peggy, Ed.

1981-01-01

462

It's Academic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career academies are specialized high schools that blend challenging academic courses with realistic work experiences. An academy's curriculum organizes academic instruction around an industry or occupational theme and enables students to complete college preparatory courses and acquire work-related knowledge and skill. (Author/JOW)

Underdue, Towanda

2000-01-01

463

The Service Environment for Enhanced Knowledge and Research (SEEKR) Framework  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Service Environment for Enhanced Knowledge and Research (SEEKR) Framework is a configurable service oriented framework to enable the discovery, access and analysis of data shared in a community. The SEEKR framework integrates many existing independent services through the use of web technologies and standard metadata. Services are hosted on systems by using an application server and are callable by using REpresentational State Transfer (REST) protocols. Messages and metadata are transferred with eXtensible Markup Language (XML) encoding which conform to a published XML schema. Space Physics Archive Search and Extract (SPASE) metadata is central to utilizing the services. Resources (data, documents, software, etc.) are described with SPASE and the associated Resource Identifier is used to access and exchange resources. The configurable options for the service can be set by using a web interface. Services are packaged as web application resource (WAR) files for direct deployment on application services such as Tomcat or Jetty. We discuss the composition of the SEEKR framework, how new services can be integrated and the steps necessary to deploying the framework. The SEEKR Framework emerged from NASA's Virtual Magnetospheric Observatory (VMO) and other systems and we present an overview of these systems from a SEEKR Framework perspective.

King, T. A.; Walker, R. J.; Weigel, R. S.; Narock, T. W.; McGuire, R. E.; Candey, R. M.

2011-12-01

464

Academic goals in surgery.  

PubMed

The development of an academic surgical career can be an overwhelming prospect, and one that is not intuitive. Establishing a structured plan and support structure is critical to success. Starting a successful academic surgical career begins with defining one's academic goals within several broad categories: personal goals, academic goals, research goals, educational goals, and financial goals. Learning the art of self-promotion is the means by which many of these goals are achieved. It is important to realize that achieving these goals requires a delicate personal balance between work and home life, and the key ways in which to achieve success require establishment of well thought-out goals, a reliable support structure, realistic and clear expectations, and frequent re-evaluation. PMID:24436679

Bleier, Joshua I S; Kann, Brian

2013-12-01

465

Enhancing Math Instruction for Korean Special Education Classroom Students Using Design Research to Implement Enhanced Anchored Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to introduce Enhanced Anchored Instruction (EAI) into Korean special education classrooms, research its effectiveness in student achievement and motivation, to find out what kind of adjustment is needed for successful implementation, and analyze the students' and teachers' experiences of using EAI. Enhanced anchored…

Kwon, Jungmin

2009-01-01

466

Enhancing and Supporting the Role of Academic Tutors in Developing Undergraduate Writing Skills: Reflections on the Experiences of a Social Work Education Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst approaches to the development of undergraduate academic writing skills vary between disciplines and institutions, academic tutors are consistently presented as playing an important role. One aspect of this role is supporting students to engage effectively with feedback in order to develop consciousness and competence regarding academic

Hughes, Nathan; Wainwright, Sue; Cresswell, Caroline

2012-01-01

467

A review and evaluation of the Langley Research Center's Scientific and Technical Information Program. Results of phase 4: Knowledge and attitudes survey, academic and industrial personnel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Feedback from engineers and scientists in the academic and industrial community provided an assessment of the usage and perceived quality of NASA Langley generated STI and the familiarity and usage of selected NASA publications and services and identified ways to increase the accessibility of Langley STI. The questionnaire utilized both open and closed ended questions and was pretested for finalization. The questions were organized around the seven objectives for Phase IV. From a contact list of nearly 1,200 active industrial and academic researchers, approximately 600 addresses were verified. The 497 persons who agreed to participate were mailed questionnaires. The 381 completed questionnaires received by the cutoff date were analyzed. Based on the survey findings, recommendations were made for increasing the familiarity with and use of NASA and Langley STI and selected NASA publications and services. In addition, recommendations were made for increasing the accessibility of Langley STI.

Pinelli, T. E.; Glassman, M.; Glassman, N. A.

1981-01-01

468

National Association and Organization Reports. American Library Association; Association of American Publishers; American Booksellers Association; Association of Research Libraries; Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC); Council on Library and Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section includes reports from the American Library Association, Association of American Publishers, American Booksellers Association, Association of Research Libraries, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), and Council on Library and Information Resources. (LRW)

Berry, John W.; Platt, Judith; Hoynes, Michael; Webster, Duane E.; Johnson, Richard; Smith, Kathlin

2002-01-01

469

Using my ARMADA Research Experience to Enhance Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I am a high school Biology teacher living in Layton, Utah. I was chosen to participate in the 2006 ARMADA Project. This project is funded by the National Science Foundation and administered by the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography. The project focuses on a mentoring experience coupled with a summer scientific research for teachers. I wish to present how I am incorporating the University of Rhode Island training experience and my scientific research field experience into my classroom teaching. My research experience was in the Eastern Tropical Pacific estimating current dolphin populations. Other projects I worked on were sea turtle tagging, squid sampling, fish sampling, whale biopsy, and CTD deployment. The knowledge I gleaned from the University of Rhode Island to incorporate into my classroom came from Roger Williams University aquaculture program. I am presently doing two ongoing projects with my students. We are aquaculturing zebra fish, by using this tool I am able to teach each state directed objective with the hands on experience of raising zebra fish. The second project I am involved with is the Great Salt Lake project. The high school environmental club owns a 26 foot sailboat on the Great Salt Lake. Every Saturday we take 6 students out on the lake and record position, visibility, water temperature, and salinity. We are also sampling brine shrimp and bottom bacteria for wet lab work. This is a new and innovative approach for me to teach Biology. The information and experience I was able to receive over the summer of 2006 has greatly enhanced the way I teach. I would like the opportunity to share my experiences and how I have incorporated them into my classroom. I will use power point to share my strategies and will answer questions on the practical application of these projects in the classroom. My students have grasped these 2 projects and inquiry questions have risen. Global warming and lake temperature are now being paralleled. Food web and habitat are continually discussed and there is an excitement that is refreshing. I do hope to share my experiences with others.

Harris, M.

2006-12-01

470

How to attract candidates to academic medicine.  

PubMed

The current trends in career choices of our graduates, the changing expectations of the health care sector, the increasing complexity of the health care delivery system, and the changing demographics of our health care providers suggest that Canada may be facing an undersupply of academic physicians for the future needs of academic medicine unless we, collectively, address the issue and provide some solutions. It is equally clear that there is no single or simple solution to the problem of attracting candidates to academic medicine. Based on the best available information and projections, I would suggest that the following might be part of the solution: 1. Medical schools need to articulate their missions and goals, especially with respect to the desired educational outcomes. In doing so, it is critical that they not become 'carbon copies' of each other, but that each builds on individual strengths, recognizing the value of diversity of missions. The 16 medical schools should cooperate and formulate complementary objectives to meet the needs of society. 2. Planning of physician resources must be broad and nationally based, and must include the needs of academic medicine. In defining the nature and numbers of clinician-scientists required, the best available data must be sought - not just for the current situation, but for trends that have created the present situation. This must also be coupled to realistic projections of future needs of the health care delivery system and of academic research and teaching needs. 3. Educational programs at all levels (undergraduate, postgraduate, and continuing medical education) must be structured to ensure that they do not inadvertently discourage potential academics from their career goals. They must actively seek and encourage the talented individual destined for an academic career, and provide a career pathway that facilitates achievement of those goals and eliminates the barriers and restrictions that preclude the attainment of those career goals. Medical schools, accrediting groups, specialty societies, colleges, and licensing bodies must participate in a joint dialogue to meet these goals. The special needs of women must be addressed to enhance their participation in the academic enterprise. 4. Governments, universities, and funding agencies must begin to address the special needs of the research and teaching community, to provide security and stability that translates into a realistic career goal worthy of the commitment and dedication of our scientists, and to make academic medicine an attractive option for our bright and talented individuals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1638787

Watanabe, M

1992-06-01

471

Academic Freedom and Scientific Freedom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship of academic freedom to moral and ethical problems encountered in modern scientific research. Recommends creation of tribunals to resolve disputes over the acceptability of proposed scientific research projects. (Author/DB)

Metzger, Walter P.

1978-01-01

472

Impact of Garden-Based Learning on Academic Outcomes in Schools: Synthesis of Research between 1990 and 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the impact of garden-based learning on academic outcomes in schools? To address this question, findings across 152 articles (1990-2010) were analyzed resulting in 48 studies that met the inclusion criteria for this synthesis. A review template with operational coding framework was developed. The synthesis results showed a preponderance of…

Williams, Dilafruz R.; Dixon, P. Scott

2013-01-01

473

Can After-School Programs Help Level the Academic Playing Field for Disadvantaged Youth? Equity Matters. Research Review No. 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools struggle to meet federal achievement standards, after-school programs are increasingly viewed as a potential source of academic support for youth at risk of school failure. The hope among youth advocates and policymakers is that after-school programs can partially compensate for the inequities that plague the nation's schools and play a…

Gardner, Margo; Roth, Jodie L.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2009-01-01

474

Administrative Effectiveness of the Academic Department Head: I. The Measurement of Effectiveness. Kansas State University Research Report No. 42.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study of administrative effectiveness, a total of 103 academic department heads in four universities rated a set of 15 administrative activities as to their importance. Faculty members in the 1,333 departments used the same set of activities to rate both the importance they should be given by the department head and the effectiveness with…

Hoyt, Donald P.; Spangler, Ronald K.

475

A Historical Overview of the Research on the Effects of Remarriage Following Divorce on the Academic Achievement of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing consensus about the negative effects of parental divorce and remarriage on children's academic achievement. Children of divorce from reconstituted families score the same or lower than those from single-parent families. Educators must not assume that remarriage benefits children or that single-parent homes are problematic. (47…

Jeynes, William H.

1998-01-01

476

Understanding the Relationships among Racial Identity, Self-Efficacy, Institutional Integration and Academic Achievement of Black Males Attending Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study asserts that African American males with higher grade point averages (GPAs) in college are also academically and socially integrated into campus and hold racial identity attitudes and self-efficacy beliefs that facilitate their level of institutional integration. The statistical study of 190 African American males attending five…

Reid, Karl W.

2013-01-01

477

Managing diversity in organisations : Practitioner and academic perspectives: report from a Gender in Management Special Interest Group research event  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on a seminar sponsored by the Academy of Management's Gender in Management Special Interest Group, which comprised discussions on aspects of diversity policy, initiatives, and programme development within Bank of Scotland, National Australia Group UK, and BBC Scotland, and also academic and industry presentations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The report is based

T. Alexandra Beauregard

2008-01-01

478

Discouraging academic dishonesty in online courses.  

PubMed

With the development of distance education and blended course delivery formats, our faculty faced new issues related to academic integrity in online testing. Current students often differ in their understanding of what is appropriate academic behavior and what is considered cheating. Enhancing quiz formats and educating faculty and students about academic integrity policies has minimized the situation in our program. PMID:21140791

Conway-Klaassen, Janice M; Keil, Deborah E

2010-01-01

479

The Effects of Academic Optimism on Student Academic Achievement in Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to determine the effects of academic optimism on student academic achievement through measuring the individual and collective effects of academic emphasis, collective efficacy, and faculty trust in clients. Data for this study were obtained from the School Academic Optimism Scale and the reading section of the…

Bevel, Raymona King

2010-01-01

480

Creating a Community of Support for Graduate Students and Early Career Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on strategies for enhancing the preparation of geographers moving into academic careers. Based on research and experience gained from the Geography Faculty Development Alliance and Enhancing Departments and Graduate Education in geography projects, several suggestions for improved practice are detailed. These move beyond…

Foote, Kenneth E.

2010-01-01

481

Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R): A "Linked Data" Approach for the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. academic research fleet is an essential mobile observing platform for ocean science. The NSF-funded Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program is working with the fleet community to routinely document, assess, and preserve data from the underway sensor systems on each vessel.
The R2R facility maintains a master catalog of vessels, instrument systems, operating institutions, cruises, personnel, and data sets. In less than two years, the catalog has grown to over 2,000 cruises including unique identifiers for vessel deployments, project titles, chief scientists, dates, ports, survey targets, and navigation tracks. This master catalog is of great value to peer data systems, ranging from large national data centers to small disciplinary data offices, as an aid in organizing, extending, and quality controlling their own collections and finding related data from authoritative sources.
R2R breaks with the tradition of stovepipe portals built around complex search interfaces tightly bound to backend databases. Instead, we have adopted a Linked Data approach to publish our catalog content, based on the W3C Resource Description Framework (RDF) and Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs). Our data model is published as a collection of W3C Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) concepts, mapped to partner vocabularies such as those developed by the Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) and the pan-European SeaDataNet partnership, and our catalog content is published as collections of RDF resources with globally unique and persistent identifiers. The combination of exposing our data model, mapping local terms to community-wide vocabularies, and using reliable identifiers improves interoperability and reduces ambiguity. R2R's metric of success is the degree to which peer data systems routinely harvest and reuse our content.
R2R is working collaboratively with the NOAA National Data Centers and the NSF-funded Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) on a range of Linked Data pilot applications, including production of ISO-compliant metadata and deployment of a SPARQL search interface. Our objective is to support a distributed, loosely federated network of complementary systems that collectively manage the vast body of ocean science data. We will present results and lessons learned.

Arko, R. A.; Chandler, C. L.; Clark, P. D.; Milan, A.; Mize, J.

2011-12-01

482

Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R): A "Linked Data" Approach for the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R; http://rvdata.us/) program is developing infrastructure to routinely document, assess, and preserve the underway sensor data from U.S. academic research vessels. The R2R master catalog of vessels, instrument systems, operating institutions, cruises, personnel, data sets, event logs, and field reports has grown to over 2,200 cruises in less than two years, and is now accessible via Web services. This catalog is of great value to peer data systems, ranging from large inter/national data centers to small disciplinary data offices, as an aid in quality controlling their own collections and finding related data from authoritative sources. R2R breaks with the tradition of stovepipe portals built around complex search interfaces tightly bound to backend databases. Instead, we have adopted a Linked Data approach to publish our catalog content, based on the W3C Resource Description Framework (RDF) and Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs). Our data model is published as a collection of W3C Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) concepts, mapped to partner vocabularies such as those developed by the Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) and the pan-European SeaDataNet partnership, and our catalog content is published as collections of RDF resources with globally unique and persistent identifiers. The combination of exposing our data model, mapping local terms to community-wide vocabularies, and using reliable identifiers improves interoperability and reduces ambiguity. R2R's metric of success is the degree to which peer data systems harvest and reuse our content. R2R is working collaboratively with the NOAA National Data Centers and the NSF-funded Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) on a range of Linked Data pilot applications, including production of ISO-compliant metadata and deployment of a RDF Query Language (SPARQL) interface. Our objective is to support a distributed, loosely federated network of complementary systems that collectively manage the vast body of ocean science data. We will present results and lessons learned.

Arko, R.; Chandler, C.; Clark, P.; Milan, A.; Mize, J.

2012-04-01

483

A Video Introduction to Psychology: Enhancing Research Interest and Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the extent to which a video about psychological research would heighten introductory psychology students' interest and participation in research studies, we created a video about ongoing research at our university, the value of research participation, and course requirements for the research experience. Instructors in 4 courses (N = 471…

Sacco, Donald F.; Bernstein, Michael J.

2010-01-01

484

New threats to academic freedom.  

PubMed

Using a specific case as an example, the article argues that the Internet allows dissemination of academic ideas to the general public in ways that can sometimes pose a threat to academic freedom. Since academic freedom is a fundamental element of academia and since it benefits society at large, it is important to safeguard it. Among measures that can be taken in order to achieve this goal, the publication of anonymous research seems to be a good option. PMID:24602125

Minerva, Francesca

2014-05-01

485

An Examination of the Relationship between Academic Discipline and Cognitive Complexity in Academic Deans' Administrative Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates Braxton and Hargens' (1996, Variations among academic disciplines: Analytical frameworks and research. "Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research." Vol. XI, pp. 1-45) assertion of the profound and extensive effects of academic discipline as it might pertain to administrative work. Academic deans in research and…

Del Favero, Marietta

2006-01-01

486

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. Final report, Annex 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this project was to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. An order of magnitude analysis indicated that selective plugging and the production of biosurfactants are the two most likely mechanisms for the mobilization of oil in microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). The latter, biosurfactant production, is easier to control within

M. M. Sharma; G. Gerogiou

1993-01-01

487

Academic partnerships and key leaders emerging from communities in the lower Mississippi Delta (LMD): a community-based participatory research model.  

PubMed

Collaboratively, the nutritional health problems of the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) region were examined and opportunities identified for conducting research interventions. To combat the nutritional health problems in the LMD, community residents yielded to a more comprehensive and participatory approach known as community-based participatory research (CBPR). Community residents partnered with academic researchers and other organizational entities to improve the overall quality of diet and health in their respective communities using CBPR. The collaborative work in the LMD focused on interventions conducted in each of three specific communities across three states: Marvell, Arkansas (Marvell NIRI), and its surrounding public school district; Franklin Parish in Louisiana (Franklin NIRI); and the city of Hollandale, Mississippi (Hollandale NIRI). This paper examined some of the research interventions conducted in Franklin, Hollandale, and Marvell NIRI respectively, how leadership emerged from each of these communities, and lessons learned as a result of the CBPR model. PMID:22073526

Kennedy, Betty M; Prewitt, T Elaine; McCabe-Sellers, Beverly; Strickland, Earline; Yadrick, Kathy; Threadgill, Paula; Champagne, Catherine M; McGee, Bernestine B; Bogle, Margaret L

2011-01-01

488

Research on positioning enhancement scheme of CAPS via UWB pseudolite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positioning precision of the transmitting Chinese Area Positioning System (CAPS) is reduced due to the non-ideal distribution of the satellite constellation. Positioning and navigation enhancement methods are able to improve the reliability and accuracy of the positioning system, especially for users in special regions and special applications. In this paper, a positioning enhanced scheme based on ultra-wide band (UWB) pseudolite is proposed for CAPS. It is demonstrated that the link budget of UWB pseudolite satisfies the FCC's emission mask requirements. The localization algorithm of the enhanced CAPS is presented. The simulations indicate that the positioning precision of the proposed enhanced scheme is improved greatly, and the feasibility of the enhanced scheme is thus proved.

Xiao, Zhu; Bai, Jing; Ma, GuanYi; Fan, JiangTao; Yi, KeChu

2012-04-01

489

The Research Audit Trial - Enhancing Trustworthiness in Qualitative Inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positivist and interpretivist researchers have different views on how their research outcomes may be evaluated. The issues of validity, reliability and generalisability, used in evaluating positivist studies, are regarded of relatively little significance by many qualitative researchers for judging the merits of their interpretive investigations. In confirming the research, those three canons need at least to be re-conceptualised in order

Marian Carcary

2009-01-01

490