These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

The Academic Researcher Role: Enhancing Expectations and Improved Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article distinguishes between six tasks related to the academic researcher role: (1) networking; (2) collaboration; (3) managing research; (4) doing research; (5) publishing research; and (6) evaluation of research. Data drawn from surveys of academic staff, conducted in Norwegian universities over three decades, provide evidence that the…

Kyvik, Svein

2013-01-01

2

Academic Researchers Speak  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Non-tenure-track (NTT) research faculty are perhaps the most under-recognized group of academic professionals on the campuses today, despite their increasingly important role within the expanding academic research enterprise. The American Association for the Advancement of Science reports that the amount of federal spending on R&D has more than…

Bergom, Inger; Waltman, Jean; August, Louise; Hollenshead, Carol

2010-01-01

3

Academic Listening: Research Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of essays address a variety of issues in listening in the academic context, particularly in a foreign or second language. Articles include: "Research of Relevance to Second Language Lecture Comprehension--An Overview" (John Flowerdew); "Expectation-Driven Understanding in Information Systems Lecture Comprehension" (Steve Tauroza,…

Flowerdew, John, Ed.

4

Academic Writing Research Papers  

E-print Network

See over Academic Writing Research Papers Four important things to remember ... 1. Writing main tasks for the assignment Strategy for getting started: Choose a topic that motivates you the Catalogue to find ... Books (e.g. The Hours, by Michael Cunningham) | Films & Music | Reports Journals

5

Institutional Research and Academic Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the 8th Annual Forum on Institutional Research was "Institutional Research and Academic Outcomes"--intended as a continuation of the 1966 Forum discussion dealing with academic inputs and the 1967 Forum on the instructional process. After an address by the Associations's president in which he urged his academic colleagues to…

Fincher, Cameron, Ed.

6

Academic Research Engine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last week, Student Advantage announced its new academic research engine, developed in partnership with Northern Light (see the September 19, 1997 Scout Report). Students can keyword search 25 different subjects either individually or simultaneously. Some features adopted from Northern Light's search engine make Student Advantage likely to reduce, at least, the ratio of student frustration to success when attempting to do Internet research. First, results of an initial search include a sidebar that organizes returns in subject folders allowing users to focus only on those that seem most promising. Second, the "drill and search" feature allows students to then refine their searches within these subject folders. This two-step process mitigates the centrifugal Internet experience most student-researchers encounter. The site also features a listing of online reference sources and a free download of Q-Notes, software for electronic note-taking (for PCs only). (Caveat: Many of the book-length texts listed in results are merely links to Amazon.com, and some of the articles listed are held in Northern Light's fee-based Special Collection.)

7

Research and Academic Career Development  

E-print Network

Research and Academic Career Development #12;Our Mission The University of Zurich is committed to generating and expanding scholarly understanding through innovative research. We support and encourage our members in their research activities and foster a supportive environment for junior scholars. Mission

Zürich, Universität

8

Center for Academic Retention and Enhancement  

E-print Network

: Registered Student Organizations FROM: Center for Academic Retention and Enhancement (CARE) RE: CARE Summer is a chance to introduce these new students to various engagement opportunities throughout the FSU communityCenter for Academic Retention and Enhancement Summer Bridge Program May 2, 2012 ATTENTION TO

Sura, Philip

9

Enhancing Academic Achievement for Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence from School-Based Intervention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) exhibit significant academic difficulties in school settings, considerably less attention is devoted to remediating their academic problems when compared to behavioral and social difficulties. The purpose of this article is to review empirically supported academic interventions…

Jitendra, Asha K.; DuPaul, George J.; Someki, Fumio; Tresco, Katy E.

2008-01-01

10

Academic and Research Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work in the Touch Lab (formal name: Laboratory for Human and Machine Haptics) is guided by a broad vision of haptics which includes all aspects of information acquisition and object manipulation through touch by humans, machines, of a combination of the two; and the environments can be real or virtual. In order to make progress, we conduct research in

Mandayam A. Srinivasan; S James Biggs; Gang Liu; David W. Schloerb; Lihua Zhou; Joono Cheong; Suvranu De; Jianjuen Hu; Orly Lahav; Donjin Lee; Manivannan Muniyandi; Minseung Ahn; Christian Bolzmacher; Dodge Daverman; Rosa Iglesias; Hyun Kim; Siddarth Kumar; Wan-Chen Wu; Kirk Phelps; Seth M. Hall; Eleanora Luongo; Monica Pegis

11

Exposing New Academics through Action Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While collaborative action research is an empowering approach to developing academic practice, it also presents a number of challenges regarding the purpose, nature and consequences of academic development. This research note raises questions and issues concerning how action research exposes new academics to the conflicts and tensions of the…

Smith, Karen; Fernie, Scott

2010-01-01

12

ACADEMIC RESEARCH TRACK (ART) I. Overview  

E-print Network

of the Medical School of the University of Rochester so as to support students who are interested in pursuing careers in academic medicine: The Academic Research Track will provide selected students, strongly motivated to pursue an academic career in medicine that encompasses research, with a broad and deep exposure

Goldman, Steven A.

13

A Conceptual Model of Career Development to Enhance Academic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop, refine, and validate a conceptual model of career development to enhance the academic motivation of community college students. To achieve this end, a straw model was built from the theoretical and empirical research literature. The model was then refined and validated through three rounds of a Delphi…

Collins, Nancy Creighton

2010-01-01

14

Academic Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994  

NSF Publications Database

... in hypertext and Portable Document Format (.pdf). See Help for more information about viewing ... 1993, Needs 1994 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic Research Instruments:Expenditures 1993 ...

15

Academic Freedom: Problems in Conceptualization and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic freedom is of central importance to higher education and it affects all aspects of work at universities. It symbolizes academics' acceptance of the need for openness and flexibility (Balyer, 2011) and it protects the conditions leading to the creation of good teaching and learning, sound research, and scholarship (Atkinson, 2004).…

Abdel Latif, Muhammad M. M.

2014-01-01

16

Artist Academics: Performing the Australian Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the recent focus on creativity and innovation as the backbone of Western knowledge economies, the presence of the creative arts within universities remains problematic. Australian artist academics who seek a balance between their artistic and academic lives work within a government-directed research environment that is unable to quantify;…

Bennett, Dawn; Wright, David; Blom, Diana

2009-01-01

17

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1999  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1999 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1999 Portable Document ...

18

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2001 Portable Document ...

19

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2002 Portable Document ...

20

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997 Portable Document ...

21

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Portable Document ...

22

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000  

NSF Publications Database

... Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000 Portable Document ...

23

(ARI) Academic Research Infrastructure Program Facilities Modernization  

NSF Publications Database

... Conditions NSF Org: OD / OGC Date : August 23, 1996 File : ari ACADEMIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE ... a. Project costs incurred prior to March 15, 1996; b. Any costs charged to the grant that exceed the ...

24

Enhancing the Participation of African Americans in Health-Related Genetic Research: Findings of a Collaborative Academic and Community-Based Research Study  

PubMed Central

The involvement of African Americans in research has long been expressed as a concern by the scientific community. While efforts have been undertaken to identify factors inhibiting the participation of African Americans in health-related research, few efforts have been undertaken to have highlight factors associated with their engagement of health-related research. An exploratory study of factors presumed to be associated with participation in health-related research was conducted among a nonprobability sample of African Americans (n = 212) from a large urban community in the Midwest. The study was guided by a framework that hypothesized the influence of knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions about genetics and the involvement of providers in decision-making on willingness to participate in health-related genetic research. The results revealed that knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions about genetics and the involvement of providers were associated with willingness to engage in health-related genetic research (P < .05). The most interesting, however, was that 88.7% of the participants who had not previously been involved in a health-related study who expressed a willingness to participate reported that they “had never been asked.” Study findings suggest the need for research that further examines factors associated with the involvement of African Americans in health-related genetic research. PMID:24369499

Millon Underwood, Sandra; Buseh, Aaron G.; Kelber, Sheryl T.; Stevens, Patricia E.; Townsend, Leolia

2013-01-01

25

How Teachers and Researchers Read Academic Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study looks at language teachers' and language researchers' expectations and evaluations of two kinds of journal articles, either researcher-oriented or teacher-oriented. The results show that teachers and academics use different ways of validating information in journal articles and use the information contained in them in distinctly…

Bartels, Nat

2003-01-01

26

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1996  

NSF Publications Database

... and Development Expenditures Fiscal Year 1996 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format Academic ... Fiscal Year 1996 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Academic Research and Development Expenditures ...

27

Measuring Academic Capacity: Research in Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful, sustainable initiatives in communities are community-based, community-paced, and community-led. In addition, the unique culture of each community is a protective factor, contributing to that community's physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional health. Academic researchers working with six First Nations and one Metis Settlement asked,…

Fletcher, Fay; Rousell, Davina D.; Worrell, Stephanie; McLean, Barb; Baydala, Lola

2012-01-01

28

Academic research and student motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports an investigation into the relationship between student perceptions of lecturer research and motivation to study at university. A 71-item, Likert-type questionnaire was completed by 100 Oxford Brookes University final year undergraduates. The pattern of correlation between variables together with the results of a factor analysis, suggests that a relationship exists between type of student motivation and attitude

Rosanna Breen; Roger Lindsay

1999-01-01

29

Differentiating Biology Homework to Enhance Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study is to determine if differentiating homework for biology will motivate students to complete and turn in homework, address the needs of diverse learners, and improve academic achievement. The rationale assumes there is a positive relationship between homework completion and academic achievement and that students have different learning styles that can be addressed by allowing choice

Genevieve Finch Bertsos

2005-01-01

30

Do Academic Research Costs Drive Up Undergraduate Tuition?  

NSF Publications Database

Do Do Academic Research Costs Drive Up Undergraduate Tuition? (July 18, 1997) This Issue Brief ... whether academic research costs drive up tuition charges. It compares tuition increases for higher ...

31

Summary of Research 2000. Interdisciplinary Academic Groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Interdisciplinary Academic Groups: Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence; Information Systems; Information Warfare; Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation; Space Systems; Special Operations; and Undersea Warfare. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports. Thesis abstracts of students advised of an interdisciplinary nature are also included.

2000-01-01

32

Teaching Research Service Pros and Cons The Academic Life  

E-print Network

Pros and Cons Motivation An academic job is a multi-faceted one. On the surface, it seems that all weTeaching Research Service Pros and Cons The Academic Life: What Does a Prof Really Do? John Stockie October 3, 2011 The Academic Life 1/13 #12;Teaching Research Service Pros and Cons Outline 1 Teaching 2

Stockie, John

33

Review of carbon dioxide research staffing and academic support  

SciTech Connect

Research on carbon dioxide (CO/sub 2/) funded by the US Department of Energy's Carbon Dioxide Research Division (CDRD) in 1983 and 1984 was markedly multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary. More than 60% of the staff on CDRD projects were university-affiliated, and over one-third of project scientists and engineers also has university teaching reponsibilities. Almost 20% of project staff were students. CO/sub 2/ research is unlikely to affect the general labor market for scientists and engineers because it uses such a small portion of the total pool. On the other hand, anticipated tight labor markets in some disciplines important to CO/sub 2/ research (e.g., engineering, computer science, a few life sciences) may make it advantageous for CDRD to expand its support of university faculty, students, and staff to ensure that a core of competent, knowledgeable researchers and managers are available for eventual policy decisions on CO/sub 2/ issues. Options for academic support that lend themselves readily to the diffuse nature of CO/sub 2/ research, while providing flexibility in the identification and accomplishment of specific programmatic objectives, include (a) modifying procurement procedures for research contracts to enhance academic involvement, (b) sponsoring summer institutes tailored to specific participants and focused on issues of interest to CDRD, and (c) supporting traveling lecture programs designed to bring information of concern to CDRD to technical and nontechnical audiences. 16 figs., 34 tabs.

Clark, S.B.; Howard, L.; Stevenson, W.; Trice, J.

1985-04-01

34

Interactions Between the Academic Business Library and Research Data Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of numeric data has historical significance in the research of many academic disciplines, but today it is burgeoning. Responses from academic business librarians to a 33-item questionnaire are the basis for this study that investigates the interactions between academic business libraries and other local units supplying numeric data…

Bennett, Terrence B.; Nicholson, Shawn W.

2004-01-01

35

Community and Academic Partnership for Health Sciences Research (CAPHSR)  

E-print Network

Club El Paso *Steering Committee 2 #12;2011 CAPHSR UTEP Academic Partners Candyce Berger Social WorkCommunity and Academic Partnership for Health Sciences Research (CAPHSR) 2011 Annual Report Purpose To create a sustainable infrastructure for a community and academic health science partnership that fosters

Ward, Karen

36

Review of carbon dioxide research staffing and academic support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than 60 percent of the staff on Carbon Dioxide Research Division (CDRD) projects were university affiliated, and over one third of project scientists and engineers also had university teaching responsibilities. Almost 20 percent of project staff were students. CO2 research is unlikely to affect the general labor market for scientists and engineers because it uses such a small portion of the total pool. On the other hand, anticipated tight labor markets in some disciplines important to CO2 research may make it advantageous for CDRD to expand its support of university faculty, students, and staff to ensure that competent, knowledgeable researchers and managers are available for eventual policy decisions on CO2 issues. Options for academic support that lend themselves readily to the diffuse nature of CO2 research, while providing flexibility in the identification and accomplishment of specific programmatic objectives, include modifying procurement procedures for research contracts to enhance academic involvement, sponsoring summer institutes tailored to specific participants and focused on issues of interest to CDRD, and supporting traveling lecture programs designed to bring information of concern to CDRD to technical and nontechnical audiences.

Clark, S. B.; Howard, L.; Stevenson, W.; Trice, J.

1985-04-01

37

Hirschmann Mobility Among Academics of Highly Ranked EU Research Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

European universities have lost--and partially regained--key research academics to North American and other attractive university systems. EU efforts to reverse the cycle revolve around the establishment of an attractive European Research Area, within which future academic mobility--and commercial knowledge transmission--might be confined. This paper draws upon a survey of 1800 academics in 200 of Europe's most research-intensive universities to understand

Edward Bergman

2011-01-01

38

Enhancing the student learning experience: the perspective of academic staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Quality enhancement in higher education is essentially a planned process of change that leads to continuous improvement in the effectiveness of the learning experience of students and the students' experience of higher education. Published literature that explores the concept in the reality of practice is sparse.Purpose: The overall aims of this study were to explore academic staffs' experience of

Jo Cahill; Jan Turner; Helen Barefoot

2010-01-01

39

Peer Observation of Teaching: Enhancing Academic Engagement for New Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to uncover key motivations, barriers and outcomes associated with first-time users of peer observation of teaching within an Irish higher level academic context. Following preliminary research, a peer observation process was piloted on five self-selected peer observation faculty pairs involving peer observation training and…

Carroll, Conor; O'Loughlin, Deirdre

2014-01-01

40

Learning in Academia Is More than Academic Learning: Action Research in Academic Practice for and with Medical Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic learning traditionally involves research, and the production of journal papers, books, etc. "Learning in academia" refers to academics becoming more skilful in what they do. It is what legal or medical clinicians would refer to as continuing professional education (or development) (CPE/D) which, by analogy, invokes the notion of CPE in…

Trevitt, Chris

2008-01-01

41

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

42

Academic Achievement Survey and Educational Assessment Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent "Nationwide academic achievement and study situation survey" was clearly influenced by the idea of "authentic assessment", an educational assessment perspective focused on "quality" and "engagement". However, when "performance assessment", the assessment method corresponding to this focus, is adopted in academic achievement surveys, it…

Tanaka, Koji

2009-01-01

43

Annotated Bibliography of Recent Research Related to Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an annotated bibliography of recent research related to academic advising. It includes research papers that focus on advising and a special section of the "Journal of Career Development" that is devoted to multicultural graduate advising relationships.

Mottarella, Karen, Comp.

2011-01-01

44

The Construction of Academic Time: Sub/Contracting Academic Labour in Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a poststructuralist analysis of the UK higher education sector's academic division of labor, exploring some new contradictions from a contract researcher's standpoint. Raises political, social, and methodological questions about these divisions by exploring their class and gender dimensions. Too many academics remain silent about adverse…

Hey, Valerie

2001-01-01

45

The Effective Academic: A Handbook for Enhanced Academic Practice. The Times Higher Education Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides guidance about controlling and directing an academic career by suggesting systematic approaches to key areas of responsibility and activity. It explores management and leadership in higher education, developing and promoting research and teaching, and coping with the changing university environment. The chapters of part 1,…

Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.; Fry, Heather, Ed.

46

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

Aerospace Engineering Curriculum 221 Air and Space Studies 419 Alumni 10 Analytical Chemistry 348 for Multiphase Research 240 Center for Power Electronics Systems 24 Center for Services Research and Education Advanced STS options 284 Advisers 75 Advising and Learning Assistance Center 18 Aeronautics 212, 219

Varela, Carlos

47

PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH  

E-print Network

PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH SYSTEM AND POTENTIAL PROBLEMS: LESSONS- rowing of the labor market for post-docs wishing to pursue an academic career ­ will be developed by these issues, as they were greatly ins- pired by the American model? Will their "European culture" help them

48

An Applied Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods in Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic advising research aids faculty members and advisors in detecting, explaining, and addressing macro-level trends beyond their local campus. It also helps legitimize the professional nature of academic advising, moving it beyond mere prescriptive models that focus on rules and course selection. Due to the erroneous belief that skills in…

Hurt, Robert L.; McLaughlin, Eric J.

2012-01-01

49

Postgraduate Research Students and Academic Integrity: "It's about Good Research Training"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a study on academic integrity at Australian universities challenge the presumption that postgraduate research students have prior knowledge of academic integrity. A review of online academic integrity policy in 39 Australian universities found that one in five policies had no mention of higher degree by research (HDR) students.…

Mahmud, Saadia; Bretag, Tracey

2013-01-01

50

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

Center 18 Aeronautics 202, 209 Aerospace Engineering Curriculum 211 Air and Space Studies 407 Air for Power Electronics Systems 22 Center for Services Research and Education (CSRE) 165 Center for Subsurface in Building Sciences Curriculum 112 Bachelor's Degree 73 Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering 146

Varela, Carlos

51

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

Aeronautics 209, 216 Aerospace Engineering Curriculum 218 Air and Space Studies 415 Alumni 10 Analytical for Power Electronics Systems 22 Center for Services Research and Education (CSRE) 172 Center for Subsurface Engineering 153 Biochemistry 339 Biochemistry and Biophysics 335, 392 Biochemistry Minor for Chemistry Majors

Varela, Carlos

52

Academic and Research Computing 16 Academic Calendar 4  

E-print Network

Advising and Learning Assistance Center 18 Aeronautics 210, 217 Aerospace Engineering Curriculum 219 Air for Microcontamination Control 23 Center for Multiphase Research 238 Center for Power Electronics Systems 23 Center and Space Studies 422 Alumni 10 Analytical Chemistry 351 Anthropology 284 Applied Geometry 380 Applied

Varela, Carlos

53

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000 {Early Release Tables}  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000 [Early Release Tables] List of ... in advance of the annual report Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2000. In ...

54

Developing a national mentorship scheme to enhance the contribution of clinical academics to health care.  

PubMed

Aim To provide a template for developing a national mentoring scheme to enhance the contribution practitioner researchers can make to the quality of health care in England. Background The authors describe the background to and organisation of a mentorship scheme to support those awarded National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) fellowships as part of the Clinical Academic Training (CAT) scheme for nurses, midwives and the allied health professionals in England. Data sources The paper draws on relevant policy documents to explain the development of the NIHR mentorship scheme. It also reviews the literature regarding mentoring in nursing and the health professions. Review methods The review was conducted systematically using keywords: mentorship, clinical academic careers, research, nursing research, clinical academic careers, evidence, health care. Databases included PubMed, CINAHL and Google Scholar. An integrated approach was adopted. Discussion Kirkpatrick's ( 2006 ) four-level evaluation model provided a framework to evaluate the scheme and explore the role of mentorship in supporting NIHR fellows. Preliminary findings from baseline and end-of-year evaluations revealed mentees' expectations of mentorship and its effects on their professional development. Developing a career as a clinical academic can be a challenging journey for novice researchers. In addition, there is a vital need to integrate research with clinical practice. Conclusion Mentoring appears valuable in enabling NIHR fellows to navigate the challenges of demanding clinical roles in England's National Health Service while making a high-level contribution to research. The importance of preparing mentors for their role is well documented in the literature but mentees also need preparation and guidance to manage this important relationship. Implications for research/practice The evaluation has implications for embedding similar schemes across nursing, midwifery and the allied health professions to promote capacity and leadership in clinical academic careers. This study has uniquely identified the need to support mentees as well as mentors in such programmes to ensure the optimal benefit of the programme reaches all participants. PMID:25423938

Byrne, Geraldine; Topping, Annie; Kendall, Sally; Golding, Berenice

2014-11-26

55

The Quantitative Crunch: The Impact of Bibliometric Research Quality Assessment Exercises on Academic Development at Small Conferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Small and specialist inter-disciplinary conferences, particularly those relating to technology enhanced learning such as International Conference on Information and Communications Technology in Education, provide valuable opportunities for academics and academic-related/professional staff to report upon their research and development…

Henderson, Michael; Shurville, Simon; Fernstrom, Ken

2009-01-01

56

New Strategies of Control: Academic Freedom and Research Ethics Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, detailing the implications of "ethics drift" for critical work in the academy, reports on an ethics challenge to a non-research-based scholarly text. It analyzes how General Research Ethics Boards (GREBs) can threaten academic freedom when they lack a clear definition of "human subject" research, fail to distinguish between empirical…

Lewis, Magda

2008-01-01

57

The Impact of Advancing Technology on Marketing and Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic research in marketing often and rightfully tends to either build on well-established past research topics or follow well-established practices in industry. However, as technology advances, it might be possible to foresee some more enduring trends and focus research on future issues rather than on past issues. One approach would be to study emerging technologies with rapidly declining costs. Each

Steven M. Shugan

2004-01-01

58

Research Publication as a Strategy to Improve International Academic Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities in Asia are now focused on enhancing their global academic competitiveness. Various strategies are implemented to restructure, reform and transform universities aimed at improving ranking in the global university league. One significant strategy is to encourage academicians to place priority on publishing in high-impact…

Tie, Fatt Hee

2012-01-01

59

Personal and Institutional Characteristics Affecting Research Productivity of Academic Accountants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting research and publication have taken on a role far beyond the advancement and dissemination of knowledge. Academics and institutions now focus on publications in major journals for funding, prestige, merit, and tenure decisions.This article attempts to identify institutional and individual variables that correlate with accounting research productivity. The results could benefit new PhDs, current faculty, and institutions wishing to

Alan S. Levitan; Russ Ray

1992-01-01

60

No Academic Borders?: Transdisciplinarity in University Teaching and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transdisciplinarity has been a veritable mantra, especially in the humanities and social sciences, for twenty years or more. Yet academic structures and research application requirements still struggle to come to grips with cross-boundary research and teaching. Making universities more trans-discipline-friendly is a tricky task, however. As Wendy…

Russell, A. Wendy

2005-01-01

61

NON-ACADEMIC CAREERS, INTERNSHIPS, AND UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH  

E-print Network

NON-ACADEMIC CAREERS, INTERNSHIPS, AND UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH MICHAEL DORFF Abstract. The benefits for students who do undergraduate research are mainly thought of in terms of graduate school success, industry, or government. Faculty mentors are often unaware of careers and internships in business, industry

Dorff, Michael

62

Fair Use Challenges in Academic and Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes research into the current application of fair use to meet the missions of U.S. academic and research libraries. Sixty-five librarians were interviewed confidentially by telephone for around one hour each. They were asked about their employment of fair use in five key areas of practice: support for teaching and learning,…

Association of Research Libraries, 2010

2010-01-01

63

When Academics Integrate Research Skill Development in the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considered outcomes when 27 academics explicitly developed and assessed student research skills in 28 regular (non-research methods) semester-length courses. These courses ranged from small (n = 17) to medium-large (n = 222) and included those from first year to masters in business, engineering, health science, humanities and science,…

Willison, J. W.

2012-01-01

64

Profiling Academic Research on Digital Games Using Text Mining Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic research on digital games has been conducted for over 30 years. However, the abundance of disciplines conducting research on the topic makes it challenging for the interested to get a holistic and comprehensive account of past digital game studies. Yet, sophisticated text mining tools designed for structured science information resources, such as the ISI Web of Science or INSPEC,

Johanna Bragge; Jan Storgårds

2007-01-01

65

Strategic Planning for Academic Research: A Canadian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an empirical study of research planning in Canadian universities. Drawing on data compiled during interviews with senior administrators from 27 academic units in 10 universities, the paper analyses how strategic planning has been applied to the research mission over the past decade. Findings reveal variability in processes…

Sa, Creso M.; Tamtik, Merli

2012-01-01

66

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Academic Research Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Know the Earth.Show the Way." In fulfillment of its vision, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) provides geospatial intelligence in all its forms and from whatever source-imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial data and information-to ensure the knowledge foundation for planning, decision, and action. To achieve this, NGA conducts a multi-disciplinary program of basic research in geospatial intelligence topics through grants and fellowships to the leading investigators, research universities, and colleges of the nation. This research provides the fundamental science support to NGA's applied and advanced research programs. The major components of the NGA Academic Research Program (NARP) are: - NGA University Research Initiatives (NURI): Three-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators across the US academic community. Topics are selected to provide the scientific basis for advanced and applied research in NGA core disciplines. - Historically Black College and University - Minority Institution Research Initiatives (HBCU-MI): Two-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators at Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and Minority Institutions across the US academic community. - Director of Central Intelligence Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships: Fellowships providing access to advanced research in science and technology applicable to the intelligence community's mission. The program provides a pool of researchers to support future intelligence community needs and develops long-term relationships with researchers as they move into career positions. This paper provides information about the NGA Academic Research Program, the projects it supports and how other researchers and institutions can apply for grants under the program.

Loomer, S. A.

2004-12-01

67

Life context of pharmacological academic performance enhancement among university students – a qualitative approach  

PubMed Central

Background Academic performance enhancement or cognitive enhancement (CE) via stimulant drug use has received increasing attention. The question remains, however, whether CE solely represents the use of drugs for achieving better academic or workplace results or whether CE also serves various other purposes. The aim of this study was to put the phenomenon of pharmacological academic performance enhancement via prescription and illicit (psycho-) stimulant use (Amphetamines, Methylphenidate) among university students into a broader context. Specifically, we wanted to further understand students’ experiences, the effects of use on students and other factors, such as pressure to perform in their academic and private lives. Methods A sample of 18 healthy university students reporting the non-medical use of prescription and illicit stimulants for academic performance enhancement was interviewed in a face-to-face setting. The leading questions were related to the situations and context in which the students considered the non-medical use of stimulants. Results Based on the resultant transcript, two independent raters identified six categories relating to the life context of stimulant use for academic performance enhancement: Context of stimulant use beyond academic performance enhancement, Subjective experience of enhancement, Timing of consumption, Objective academic results, Side effects, Pressure to perform. Conclusions The answers reveal that academic performance enhancement through the use of stimulants is not an isolated phenomenon that solely aims at enhancing cognition to achieve better academic results but that the multifaceted life context in which it is embedded is of crucial relevance. The participants not only considered the stimulants advantageous for enhancing academic performance, but also for leading an active life with a suitable balance between studying and time off. The most common reasons given for stimulant use were to maximize time, to increase motivation and to cope with memorizing. According to the interviews, there is a considerable discrepancy between subjective experiences and objective academic results achieved. PMID:24606831

2014-01-01

68

Academic outreach: health careers enhancement program for minorities.  

PubMed

This article describes the 6-week Health Careers Enhancement Program for Minorities inaugurated in the summer of 1988 at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. The program was developed for minority and economically disadvantaged college undergraduates and postbaccalaureate premedical students. Its major objectives were to stimulate and maintain the interest of minority students in health careers and prepare these students for entry into health professions and for successful completion of these programs. A unique aspect of the program was academic outreach. Case Western Reserve University minority alumni and community minority physicians participated as clinical role models, mentors, and teachers; community and state minority leaders served as inspirational speakers and role models. The program was designed not only to incorporate cognitive and skill development activities, but to also include features distinctive to the Case Western Reserve University curriculum, specifically, organ system teaching, preceptor groups, medical apprenticeship program, and student tutors. PMID:2280430

Phillips, J L; Wile, M Z

1990-12-01

69

Expanding Research in Academic Advising: Methodological Strategies to Engage Advisors in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in academic advising has traditionally been conducted and disseminated by faculty researchers, graduate students, and higher education administrators (including advising directors). While significant in developing a body of literature to guide academic advising, the sources of the contribution also suggest that the frontline advisor does…

Aiken-Wisniewski, Sharon A.; Smith, Joshua S.; Troxel, Wendy G.

2010-01-01

70

Academic Factors that Affect Undergraduate Research Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate research experiences are considered an essential component in college curricula, and there is an ideological push to provide these experiences to all students. However, it is not clear whether engagement in research is better suited for higher ability undergraduates late in their programs or for all undergraduates and whether…

Taraban, Roman; Logue, Erin

2012-01-01

71

Academic research on solid waste in Sweden 1994-2003.  

PubMed

A small desk survey was conducted in the spring of 2004 to get an overview on the development of waste research. The survey targeted the last 10 years of waste research at Swedish academic institutions trying to identify the total amount of research and trends over time with regard to issues, volume and distribution over academic disciplines. In the survey, only the theses written at major Swedish universities were considered. All post-graduate theses from major Swedish universities were reviewed. Data were obtained from the homepages and search engines of the various libraries as of May 13 2004. Altogether 90 theses were identified from nine universities, i.e., an average of 1 thesis per University per year. The results of the survey indicate that: (1) the academic waste research is very small in comparison to the R&D performed by the industry; there seems to be a lack of interaction between industry and academia; (2) waste research is slowly getting into established academic environments and gains in quantity and diversion over time; (3) in addition to being driven by environmental protection legislation, there also seems to be emerging more industry interest from a production perspective. PMID:16125379

Lagerkvist, Anders

2006-01-01

72

Integration of small-molecule discovery in academic biomedical research.  

PubMed

Rapid advances in biomedical sciences in recent years have drastically accelerated the discovery of the molecular basis of human diseases. The great challenge is how to translate the newly acquired knowledge into new medicine for disease prevention and treatment. Drug discovery is a long and expensive process, and the pharmaceutical industry has not been very successful at it, despite its enormous resources and spending on the process. It is increasingly realized that academic biomedical research institutions ought to be engaged in early-stage drug discovery, especially when it can be coupled to their basic research. To leverage the productivity of new-drug development, a substantial acceleration in validation of new therapeutic targets is required, which would require small molecules that can precisely control target functions in complex biological systems in a temporal and dose-dependent manner. In this review, we describe a process of integration of small-molecule discovery and chemistry in academic biomedical research that will ideally bring together the elements of innovative approaches to new molecular targets, existing basic and clinical research, screening infrastructure, and synthetic and medicinal chemistry to follow up on small-molecule hits. Such integration of multidisciplinary resources and expertise will enable academic investigators to discover novel small molecules that are expected to facilitate their efforts in both mechanistic research and new-drug target validation. More broadly academic drug discovery should contribute new entities to therapy for intractable human diseases, especially for orphan diseases, and hopefully stimulate and synergize with the commercial sector. PMID:20687180

Ohlmeyer, Michael; Zhou, Ming-Ming

2010-01-01

73

Academic Science & Industrial Research, 1920-1975  

Cancer.gov

A Penny for your Quotes? Assessing the impact of Biological Resource Centers on Life Sciences Research Jeff Furman (Boston U & NBER) Scott Stern (Northwestern U & NBER) NCI's Biospecimen Best Practices Forum November 5, 2007 1 Motivation: Knowledge

74

Critical research needs for managing coral reef marine protected areas: perspectives of academics and managers.  

PubMed

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are a primary policy instrument for managing and protecting coral reefs. Successful MPAs ultimately depend on knowledge-based decision making, where scientific research is integrated into management actions. Fourteen coral reef MPA managers and sixteen academics from eleven research, state and federal government institutions each outlined at least five pertinent research needs for improving the management of MPAs situated in Australian coral reefs. From this list of 173 key questions, we asked members of each group to rank questions in order of urgency, redundancy and importance, which allowed us to explore the extent of perceptional mismatch and overlap among the two groups. Our results suggest the mismatch among MPA managers and academics is small, with no significant difference among the groups in terms of their respective research interests, or the type of questions they pose. However, managers prioritised spatial management and monitoring as research themes, whilst academics identified climate change, resilience, spatial management, fishing and connectivity as the most important topics. Ranking of the posed questions by the two groups was also similar, although managers were less confident about the achievability of the posed research questions and whether questions represented a knowledge gap. We conclude that improved collaboration and knowledge transfer among management and academic groups can be used to achieve similar objectives and enhance the knowledge-based management of MPAs. PMID:23220604

Cvitanovic, C; Wilson, S K; Fulton, C J; Almany, G R; Anderson, P; Babcock, R C; Ban, N C; Beeden, R J; Beger, M; Cinner, J; Dobbs, K; Evans, L S; Farnham, A; Friedman, K J; Gale, K; Gladstone, W; Grafton, Q; Graham, N A J; Gudge, S; Harrison, P L; Holmes, T H; Johnstone, N; Jones, G P; Jordan, A; Kendrick, A J; Klein, C J; Little, L R; Malcolm, H A; Morris, D; Possingham, H P; Prescott, J; Pressey, R L; Skilleter, G A; Simpson, C; Waples, K; Wilson, D; Williamson, D H

2013-01-15

75

Enhancing Research Papers in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

XML-based production of journal articles, combined with real-time transformations, now make it possible to develop new enhancements to the reading experience and to the content of the article itself. Papers from AAS journals are now available in ‘Article Evolution’ HTML format, providing both familiar and new functionality that improves the reading experience. This poster will outline the roadmap for the development of ‘Article Evolution’ functionality and ask for input to help shape future enhancements that meet the needs of the astronomy community. Two of the ongoing developments described are ’semantic enrichment’ of articles and adoption of ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID). Both of these have exciting possibilities at an article level within ‘Article Evolution’ but will also impact widely on third party services, such as linking and discovery of research papers.

Kroffe, Kerry; McCann, G.

2013-01-01

76

School Uniforms, Academic Achievement, and Uses of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

School uniforms are being advocated for a range of social, educational, economic, and familial reasons. In 1998, The Journal of Educational Research (The JER) published an article by D. Brunsma and K. Rockquemore that claims that uniforms correlate negatively with academic achievement, but data presented in this article actually show positive correlation between uniforms and achievement for the total sample,

Ann Bodine

2003-01-01

77

Sex of Teacher and Academic Achievement: A Review of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews research on the treatment of boys and girls by male and female elementary school teachers. Little support is found for a general hypothesis that male teachers, when compared with female teachers, improve boys' academic achievement and reduce the number of problems boys experience in elementary school. (SB)

Vroegh, Karen

1976-01-01

78

The Organization of Collection Management Functions in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies and discusses the eight principal functions necessary for effective collection management in academic research libraries. Six organizational models for collection management are described, and then evaluated according to how well each may facilitate those eight functions of effective management. (Author/CLB)

Cogswell, James A.

1987-01-01

79

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience…

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

80

RESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FOR ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE PROGRAM (ROADS)  

E-print Network

: _____________________________________________________________ Have you taken the SAT or ACT test? Yes ___ No ___ If so, what are your scores? SAT Scores: VerbalRESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FOR ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE PROGRAM (ROADS) FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS Native ____Asian ____Black or African American ____Hispanic or Latino ____Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific

81

Writing in the Ether: A Collaborative Approach to Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the developmental stages of academic publication collaborations through both research on the collaborative process itself, as well as through analysis of the discovery process. Using the qualitative software package, NUD*IST, the teleconferencing system, FirstClass, and standard e-mail, the study…

Winograd, David; Milton, Katherine

82

Academics Abroad: Conducting Scholarly Research in German Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems encountered in conducting research in German academic libraries. Highlights include a lack of trained librarians with subject expertise who focus on helping users; numerous library catalogs rather than one integrated catalog; and an emphasis on collection preservation that includes closed stacks and restricted circulation. (LRW)

Askey, Dale

2001-01-01

83

Academics' Motivation and Self?efficacy for Teaching and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study focused on academic staff in a post?1987 university, that is, a former college of advanced education which had been awarded university status as a result of the Australian Government's decision to have a Unified National System of universities. The focus of attention was motivation and self?efficacy for teaching and research. The effect of faculty of affiliation, level of

Jeffrey G. Bailey

1999-01-01

84

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 2003  

NSF Publications Database

This report is available in hypertext (.htm) and Portable Document Format (.pdf). See Help for more information about viewing publications in different formats. Links to additional reports in the Academic Research and Development Expenditures series are available on the publication series page.

85

Academic Research and Regional Innovation. Insights from Seattle, Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses technology transfer at the University of Washington in the context of programs associated with appropriating the benefits of academic research and development for the regional economy. Concludes by suggesting lessons for regional planners and technology transfer managers. (Contains 26 notes and references.) (JOW)

Collins, Steven W.

2001-01-01

86

The Other Danger... Scholasticism in Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most members of the National Association of Scholars worry about the politicization of the university. Academia gives undue preference to racial minorities in student admissions and faculty appointments. Teaching and research is often slanted toward minority grievances and Third World claims against the United States. However, critics have largely…

Mead, Lawrence M.

2010-01-01

87

When academics integrate research skill development in the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study considered outcomes when 27 academics explicitly developed and assessed student research skills in 28 regular (non-research methods) semester-length courses. These courses ranged from small (n?=?17) to medium-large (n = 222) and included those from first year to masters in business, engineering, health science, humanities and science, across five universities in three Australian cities. The two-year study used three data sets

J. W. Willison

2012-01-01

88

Balancing entrepreneurship and business practices for e-collaboration: responsible information sharing in academic research.  

PubMed

Flexible, highly accessible collaboration tools can inherently conflict with controls placed on information sharing by offices charged with privacy protection, compliance, and maintenance of the general business environment. Our implementation of a commercial enterprise wiki within the academic research environment addresses concerns of all involved through the development of a robust user training program, a suite of software customizations that enhance security elements, a robust auditing program, allowance for inter-institutional wiki collaboration, and wiki-specific governance. PMID:18998795

Porter, Mark W; Porter, Mark William; Milley, David; Oliveti, Kristyn; Ladd, Allen; O'Hara, Ryan J; Desai, Bimal R; White, Peter S

2008-01-01

89

Research Computing We help Dartmouth scholars and researchers use computing to reach their academic goals  

E-print Network

Research Computing We help Dartmouth scholars and researchers use computing to reach their academic a web-based interface to its data- base of films. Researchers with computational codes that require Applications Installed as requested Susan A. Schwarz Interim Director of Research Computing Research Software

Myers, Lawrence C.

90

Academic research response to the restructuring of the petroleum industry  

SciTech Connect

The international petroleum industry is currently in the midst of massive restructuring constituting one of the more dynamic shifts in direction in its more than century long turbulent history. Policies that had been dogma through the mid-1980`s are being swept away by volatility of price and shifting ownership of the resource. In response to these forces, the multinationals are redefining the mission for exploration and production and {open_quotes}right-sizing{close_quotes}. The companies are smaller, the E & P units are more narrowly focused, and increasingly support activities are being {open_quotes}outsourced{close_quotes}: Even in the largest companies, both basic and applied research activities are being cut back sharply or curtailed completely. The restructuring of the petroleum industry is coming at a time that academic institutions are experiencing a sharp reduction of public funding for research and training. With funds diminishing for {open_quotes}curiosity-driven{close_quotes} investigations, increasingly researchers in the universities and not-for-profit laboratories are developing {open_quotes}task-driven{close_quotes} research projects. Industry funded research programs, once a fringe activity in many academic institutions, are now welcome. The Earth Sciences & Resources Institute can serve as a model for successful industry-academe research linkage. During the twenty-years of its existence, it has developed as one of the largest and most comprehensive university-based organizations of its kind. Its success derives from balancing academic freedom and intellectual property-rights with focused research results delivered in a timely fashion with partial confidentiality.

Kanes, W.H. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

1995-08-01

91

Research evaluation and competition for academic positions in occupational medicine.  

PubMed

Citation analysis is widely used to evaluate the performance of individual researchers, journals, and universities. Its outcome plays a crucial role in the decision-making process of ranking applicants for an academic position. A number of indicators, including the h-index reflecting both scientific productivity and its relevance in medical fields, are available through the Web of Knowledge( sm ) and Scopus®. In the field of occupational medicine, the adoption of the h-index in assessing the value of core journals shows some advantages compared with traditional bibliometrics and may encourage researchers to submit their papers. Although evaluation of the overall individual performance for academic positions should assess several aspects, scientific performance is usually based on citation analysis indicators. Younger researchers should be aware of the new approach based on transparent threshold rules for career promotion and need to understand the new evaluation systems based on metrics. PMID:23428063

Franco, Giuliano

2013-01-01

92

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

93

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs. [Final report  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

94

Journal clubs: an educational approach to advance understanding among community partners and academic researchers about CBPR and cancer health disparities.  

PubMed

Journal clubs may enhance the knowledge and skills necessary to engage in community-based participatory research (CBPR) that will ultimately impact cancer health disparities. This article (1) describes an innovative approach to adapting the traditional journal club format to meet community and academic participants' needs, (2) presents evaluation data, and (3) explores whether responses differed between academic and community members. Five journal clubs occurred between February 2011 and May 2012 as a training activity of a regional cancer health disparities initiative. Each journal club was jointly planned and facilitated by an academic member in collaboration with a community partner. Attendees were recruited from academic programs across the Moffitt Cancer Center/University and community partners. Responses to a 13-item evaluation of each journal club session were compared to assess whether certain topics were evaluated more favorably, and explore differences between academic and community participants' assessment of the topic relevance. Evaluations were positive (mean ratings >4 out of 5) on most items and overall. No statistically significant differences were observed between academic and community members' ratings. Key overlapping interests by community partners and academic researchers/trainees for future journal club topics included discussing real-world CBPR examples and methods for involving the community in research. Although the initial goal was to use journal clubs as an educational tool to increase CBPR knowledge and skills of junior faculty trainees, results suggest mutual academic-community benefit and interest in learning more about CBPR as a way to reduce cancer health disparities. PMID:24078328

Vadaparampil, Susan T; Simmons, Vani N; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Malo, Teri; Klasko, Lynne; Rodriguez, Maria; Waddell, Rhonda; Gwede, Clement K; Meade, Cathy D

2014-03-01

95

Total Stock of Academic Research Instruments Tops $6 Billion in 1993  

NSF Publications Database

Total Stock of Academic Research Instruments Tops $6 Billion in 1993(June 6, 1997) This SRS Data ... findings from the 1993 Survey of Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs concerning ...

96

The role of entrepreneurial activities in academic pharmaceutical science research.  

PubMed

Academic pharmaceutical science research is expanding further and further from the University setting to encompass the for-profit private company setting. This parallels the National Institutes of Health momentum to include multiple funding opportunities for University and private company collaboration. It has been recognized that the nonprofit and for-profit combination research model can accelerate the commercialization of pharmaceutical products, and therefore more efficiently improve human health. Entrepreneurial activities require unique considerations in the University environment, but can be modeled after the commercialization expansion of the academic healthcare enterprise. Challenges and barriers exist to starting a company as an entrepreneurial faculty member, but the rewards to one's personal and professional lives are incomparable. PMID:20017206

Stinchcomb, Audra L

2010-06-01

97

The Role of Entrepreneurial Activities in Academic Pharmaceutical Science Research  

PubMed Central

Academic pharmaceutical science research is expanding further and further from the University setting to encompass the for-profit private company setting. This parallels the National Institutes of Health momentum to include multiple funding opportunities for University and private company collaboration. It has been recognized that the non-profit and for-profit combination research model can accelerate the commercialization of pharmaceutical products, and therefore more efficiently improve human health. Entrepreneurial activities require unique considerations in the University environment, but can be modeled after the commercialization expansion of the academic healthcare enterprise. Challenges and barriers exist to starting a company as an entrepreneurial faculty member, but the rewards to one's personal and professional lives are incomparable. PMID:20017206

Stinchcomb, Audra L.

2010-01-01

98

Pansystems research: an internet-like academic framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an academic programme of pansystems research with a lot of new concepts, principles, methods. Universal consideration of philosophy-mathematics-technology is set forth with mega-combination. The emphasis on the transfield internet-like investigations is developed. Many theory-methods of pansystems get further concise optimization. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The concrete contents of the paper include: historical

Xuemou Wu

2006-01-01

99

A Survey of the Barriers Associated with Academic-based Cancer Research Commercialization  

PubMed Central

Commercialization within the academic setting is associated with many challenges and barriers. Previous studies investigating these challenges/barriers have, in general, broadly focused on multiple disciplines and, oftentimes, several institutions simultaneously. The goal of the study presented here was to analyze a range of barriers that may be broadly associated with commercializing academic-based cancer research. This goal was addressed via a study of the barriers associated with cancer research commercialization at the University of Kentucky (UK). To this end, a research instrument in the form of an electronic survey was developed. General demographic information was collected on study participants and two research questions were addressed: 1) What are the general barriers inhibiting cancer research commercialization at UK? and 2) Would mitigation of the barriers potentially enhance faculty engagement in commercialization activities? Descriptive and statistical analysis of the data reveal that multiple barriers likely inhibit cancer research commercialization at UK with expense, time, infrastructure, and lack of industry partnerships being among the most commonly cited factors. The potential alleviation of these factors in addition to revised University policies/procedures, risk mitigation, more emphasis on commercialization by academia research field, and increased information on how to commercialize significantly correlated with the potential for increased commercialization activity. Furthermore, multivariate logistic regression modeling demonstrated that research commercialization would incrementally increase as barriers to the process are removed and that PhD-holding respondents and respondents in commercialization-supportive research fields would be more likely to commercialize their research upon barrier removal. Overall, as with other disciplines, these data suggest that for innovations derived from academic cancer-research to move more effectively and efficiently into the marketplace, university administrators and external agents, such as policymakers, need to address what are well-documented and defined issues. PMID:23991077

Vanderford, Nathan L.; Weiss, L. Todd; Weiss, Heidi L.

2013-01-01

100

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

PubMed Central

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience (SARE) program that provides an enriching academic internship to underrepresented youth. Our program has shown that to have a successful internship for these disadvantaged youth, several issues need to be addressed in addition to scientific mentoring. We have found that it is necessary to remediate and/or fortify basic academic skills for students to be successful. In addition, students need to be actively coached in the development of professional skills, habits, and attitudes necessary for success in the workplace. With all these factors in place, these youths can become better students, compete on a more level playing field in their internships, and increase their potential of participating actively in the sciences in the future. PMID:24006390

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

101

A summer academic research experience for disadvantaged youth.  

PubMed

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience (SARE) program that provides an enriching academic internship to underrepresented youth. Our program has shown that to have a successful internship for these disadvantaged youth, several issues need to be addressed in addition to scientific mentoring. We have found that it is necessary to remediate and/or fortify basic academic skills for students to be successful. In addition, students need to be actively coached in the development of professional skills, habits, and attitudes necessary for success in the workplace. With all these factors in place, these youths can become better students, compete on a more level playing field in their internships, and increase their potential of participating actively in the sciences in the future. PMID:24006390

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N

2013-01-01

102

Seeking Alternative Researcher Identities in Newcomer Academic Institutions in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proliferating excellence gold standards in the global academic system tend to obscure the far-reaching diversification of academic missions, practices, ambitions and identities brought by massification. This article approaches this topic by a review of theory on academic scholarship and how it has changed in the wake of academic massification and…

Hallonsten, Olof

2012-01-01

103

The Many Faces of Research Profiling: Academic Leaders' Conceptions of Research Steering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines academic leaders' conceptions of research profiling. Global science policies, including the Finnish governmental policy, promote the identification of areas of research excellence and recommend resource concentration on them. However, as active agents, leaders may have competing, even conflicting views on the pros and…

Pietilä, Maria

2014-01-01

104

NSF's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR): Subsidizing Academic Research or State Budgets?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-state empirical study focuses on the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) and examines its impact on the academic research and development (R&D) expenditures financed by state governments. Based on a panel of 50 states during 1979-2006, the empirical results indicate that…

Wu, Yonghong

2009-01-01

105

Increasing Academic Excellence and Enhancing Diversity Are Compatible Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is possible to simultaneously increase academic excellence and diversity. This article describes how the theory of successful intelligence can be used to accomplish both of these goals. The theory postulates that intelligence comprises creative skills in generating novel ideas, analytical skills in discerning whether they are good ideas, and…

Sternberg, Robert Jeffrey

2008-01-01

106

Relationship between career age and research productivity for academic dentists.  

PubMed

The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effects of aging (career age) and research performance for full-time clinical dental faculty. The 489 respondents represented a response rate of 71.3% from a 40% stratified random sample of faculty. Respondents reported a mean number of years in full-time dental education of 10.7 (range = 1 to 45, SD = 7.7) and mean number of career publications of 11.1 (range = 0 to 110, SD = 15.2). A significant positive association of career age and life-time research productivity was observed. A significant positive association of career age and mean two-year research productivity was also noted. Implications of the findings were discussed with respect to similar studies reported for other academic disciplines. PMID:1961819

Jones, J E; Jones, W P; Preusz, G C

1991-08-01

107

Advancing Pharmacist Scholarship and Research Within Academic Pharmacy  

PubMed Central

An appropriate balance between teaching, scholarship, and service is important for a faculty member to have a satisfying and successful career. The relative emphasis on each area normally changes during the course of a career. Although some level of scholarly output is an ongoing and fundamental expectation of all faculty members, this activity is too often given low priority, particularly among faculty members in practice areas who may have a minimal background in research and large demands on their time for teaching and clinical service. Addressing this issue requires establishing a shared commitment between administrators and faculty members, as well as identifying or developing education programs that will ensure research competence for practice faculty members. This paper provides insights into the role that scholarship and research should have for all pharmacy faculty members and provides suggestions for how to better advance this critical component within academic pharmacy. PMID:23275652

Svensson, Craig K.

2012-01-01

108

Technology?enhanced research: educational ICT systems as research instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determining the potential of educational information and communications technology for enhancing teaching and learning is the subject of a great deal of research activity. This paper argues that the technologies employed to enhance learning can also be exploited for the enhancement of research. Recorded learner–system interactions, dynamically captured computer screen activity and visual attention tracking all provide sources of rich

Richard Cox

2007-01-01

109

Academic AI and Video games: a case study of incorporating innovative academic research into a video game prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial intelligence research and video games are a natural match, and academia is a fertile place to blend game production and academic research. Game development tools and processes are valuable for applied AI research projects, and university departments can create opportunities for student-led, team-based project work that draws on students' interest in video games. The Digital Media Collaboratory at the

Aliza Gold

110

Biomedical research and corporate interests: a question of academic freedom.  

PubMed

The current situation in medicine has been described as a crisis of credibility, as the profit motive of industry has taken control of clinical trials and the dissemination of data. Pharmaceutical companies maintain a stranglehold over the content of medical journals in three ways: (1) by ghostwriting articles that bias the results of clinical trials, (2) by the sheer economic power they exert on journals due to the purchase of drug advertisements and journal reprints, and (3) by the threat of legal action against those researchers who seek to correct the misrepresentation of study results. This paper argues that Karl Popper's critical rationalism provides a corrective to the failure of academic freedom in biomedical research. PMID:22013356

McHenry, Leemon

2008-01-01

111

Biomedical Research and Corporate Interests: A Question of Academic Freedom  

PubMed Central

The current situation in medicine has been described as a crisis of credibility, as the profit motive of industry has taken control of clinical trials and the dissemination of data. Pharmaceutical companies maintain a stranglehold over the content of medical journals in three ways: (1) by ghostwriting articles that bias the results of clinical trials, (2) by the sheer economic power they exert on journals due to the purchase of drug advertisements and journal reprints, and (3) by the threat of legal action against those researchers who seek to correct the misrepresentation of study results. This paper argues that Karl Popper's critical rationalism provides a corrective to the failure of academic freedom in biomedical research. PMID:22013356

McHenry, Leemon

2008-01-01

112

Academic integrity, the Research Quality Framework and journal metrics: The incompatible trio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic integrity, the Research Quality Framework (RQF) and journal metrics are mechanisms that make appeal to 'quality' as part of their rationale for utilisation. This paper explores the concept of academic integrity, considering it to be concerned with the promotion of positive attitudes to learning and requiring a supportive organisational culture and role modelling from academics. The framework for such

Irene Bugeja

113

Early career academic researchers and community-based participatory research: wrestling match or dancing partners?  

PubMed

Early career faculty members at academic medical centers face unique obstacles when engaging in community-based participatory research (CBPR). Challenges and opportunities for solutions pertaining to mentorship, time demands, unfamiliarity of colleagues with CBPR approaches, ethical review regulations, funding, and publication and promotion are discussed. PMID:24330696

Lowry, Kelly Walker; Ford-Paz, Rebecca

2013-12-01

114

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) investigation of the mechanisms of microbially induced oil mobilization; (2) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the

M. M. Sharma; G. Georgiou

1990-01-01

115

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the previous quarterly report we described the criteria for selecting a microorganism for Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery studies. After careful consideration we chose Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 because of its ability to withstand reservoir conditions and the production of a surface active lipopeptide. Detailed experiments were conducted in stirred tank fermenters equipped with pH control and constant sparging of air

M. M. Sharma; G. Georgiou

1990-01-01

116

Towards a Holistic Framework for Driving Performance in Externally-Funded Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A gradual shift in United Kingdom research funding from blanket financing by government agencies towards more diversified income streams through activities funded by various customers is prompting academic research institutions to orient their research portfolios accordingly. Academic organisations such as university institutes are increasingly…

Hagermann, Axel

2009-01-01

117

Journal Clubs: An Educational Approach to Advance Understanding among Community Partners and Academic Researchers about CBPR and Cancer Health Disparities  

PubMed Central

Background Journal clubs may enhance the knowledge and skills necessary to engage in community-based participatory research (CBPR) that will ultimately impact cancer health disparities. This article: (1) describes an innovative approach to adapting the traditional journal club format to meet community and academic participants’ needs, (2) presents evaluation data, and (3) explores whether responses differed between academic and community members. Methods Five journal clubs occurred between February 2011 and May 2012 as a training activity of a regional cancer health disparities initiative. Each journal club was jointly planned and facilitated by an academic member in collaboration with a community partner. Attendees were recruited from academic programs across the Moffitt Cancer Center/university and community partners. Responses to a 13-item evaluation of each journal club session were compared to assess whether certain topics were evaluated more favorably, and explore differences between academic and community participants’ assessment of the topic relevance. Results Evaluations were positive (mean ratings >4 out of 5) on most items and overall. No statistically significant differences were observed between academic and community members’ ratings. Key overlapping interests by community partners and academic researchers/trainees for future journal club topics included discussing real-world CBPR examples and methods for involving the community in research. Conclusions Although the initial goal was to use journal clubs as an educational tool to increase CBPR knowledge and skills of junior faculty trainees, results suggest mutual academic-community benefit and interest in learning more about CBPR as a way to reduce cancer health disparities. PMID:24078328

Vadaparampil, Susan T.; Simmons, Vani N.; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Malo, Teri; Klasko, Lynne; Rodriguez, Maria; Waddell, Rhonda; Gwede, Clement K.; Meade, Cathy D.

2014-01-01

118

Using Interdependent Group-Oriented Reinforcement to Enhance Academic Performance in General Education Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In their meta-analysis, Stage and Quiroz (1997) found that group-oriented contingencies yielded the largest effect size of interventions designed to reduce inappropriate behaviors in public schools. However, such procedures may be underutilized for enhancing academic performance and learning. The current article describes how interdependent…

Skinner, Christopher H.; Williams, Robert L.; Neddenriep, Christine E.

2004-01-01

119

Fast Track. Summer Academic Skills Enhancement Program, 1993. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Summer Academic Skills Enhancement Program (SASEP) was offered in June-August 1993 to provide Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) clients with the reading comprehension and language mechanics skills required for employment in entry-level positions. A total of 125 referred clients were enrolled into both of two remedial courses of study.…

Donaldson, William S.

120

Do Learning Skills Acquired in the University Access Programme Enhance Participation in Academic Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I critically evaluate whether or not learning skills acquired in the university access programme enhance participation in academic practice. University access programmes have been developed with a view to preparing and empowering under-prepared students who did not meet the university criteria. The article claims that even though…

Hlalele, D. J.

2010-01-01

121

Home-School Collaboration: Enhancing Children's Academic and Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the school and the home/parents in enhancing the possibilities for students' success. Twenty-four individual chapters by 45 contributors include: (1) "Family Systems and the School" (William Doherty and Vida Peskay); (2) "Home-School Collaboration: Effects, Issues, and Opportunities"…

Christenson, Sandra L., Ed.; Conoley, Jane Close, Ed.

122

Using ICT to enhance academic learning: Pedagogy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) has created immense opportunities to enhance the educational process at all levels, but especially in university and professional curricula such as architecture. Using the new tools effectively will require that teachers become comfortable with existing new technologies, but more importantly, with the innovations that appear with increasing rapidity. In short, they

Tsung Juang Wang

2008-01-01

123

What Is the Federal Role in Supporting Academic Research and Graduate Research Assistants? Division of Science Resources Studies Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue brief presents data illustrating the diversity across federal agency support in the science and engineering fields as emphasized in their funding of both academic research and science and engineering graduate students. Funding data show that changes in the balance of academic research funding across agencies are likely to affect both…

Rapoport, Alan I.

124

Hotel Indoor Air Quality Enhancement: Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on the penetration of polluted outdoor air into hotels and the subsequent deterioration of indoor air quality (IAQ). Little attention has been paid to the severity of this problem. Thus, the study specifically aims to assess the determinants to enhance IAQ in hotels and suggest a future research direction relating to IAQ enhancement. Evidence from recent air

Wilco W. Chan

2012-01-01

125

Changing authority relations within French academic research units since the 1960s: from patronage to partnership  

E-print Network

1 Changing authority relations within French academic research units since the 1960s: from within French academic research units since the 1960s: from patronage to partnership" in . R. Whitley, J from the "patronage" type of authority relations within ORUs, predominant in the 1960s in France

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

126

Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao  

E-print Network

* Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao Department. Abstract This paper addresses the issue of extraction of an academic researcher social network or focused communities such as music communities. Unfortunately, the method is not sufficient for mining

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

127

Population aging has been motivating academic research and industry to develop technologies for the  

E-print Network

4321 Abstract Population aging has been motivating academic research and industry to develop been motivating academic research and the industry to develop technologies which would improve position among patients, which can add noise in large scale studies. Fleury et al. [3] have presented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

128

Academic Research Equipment and Equipment Needs in Selected Science and Engineering Fields: 1989-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is one in a series of analytical reports presenting findings from the National Science Foundation's 1989-90 National Survey of Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs. This report documents current status and recent trends in the amounts, costs, and kinds of academic research equipment in seven major…

Westat, Inc., Rockville, MD.

129

Imagine! On the Future of Teaching and Learning and the Academic Research Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the future, what role will the academic research library play in achieving the mission of higher education? This essay describes seven strategies that academic research libraries can adopt to become future-present libraries--libraries that foster what Douglas Thomas and John Seely Brown have called "a new culture of learning." Written…

Miller, Kelly E.

2014-01-01

130

The Application of Job Redesign Concepts to the Management of Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the academic research library is service oriented and exists in a diverse, dynamic environment, the jobs within the system tend to be highly structured and mechanistic, more suitable for a production oriented organization. This paper discusses the concept of job dimensions in general and in relation to the academic research library,…

Martell, Charles

131

Developing a Bidirectional Academic-Community Partnership with an Appalachian-American Community for Environmental Health Research and Risk Communication  

PubMed Central

Background: Marietta, Ohio, is an Appalachian-American community whose residents have long struggled with understanding their exposure to airborne manganese (Mn). Although community engagement in research is strongly endorsed by the National Institutes of Health and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in particular, little has been documented demonstrating how an academic–community partnership that implements the community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles can be created and mobilized for research. Objectives: We created a bidirectional, academic–community partnership with an Appalachian-American community to a) identify the community’s thoughts and perceptions about local air quality, its effect on health, and the perception of risk communication sources and b) jointly develop and conduct environmental health research. Methods: We formed a community advisory board (CAB), jointly conducted pilot research studies, and used the results to develop a community-driven research agenda. Results: Persons in the community were “very concerned” to “concerned” about local air quality (91%) and perceived the air quality to have a direct impact on their health and on their children’s health (93% and 94%, respectively). The CAB identified the primary research question: “Does Mn affect the cognition and behavior of children?” Although the community members perceived research scientists as the most trusted and knowledgeable regarding risks from industrial emissions, they received very little risk information from research scientists. Conclusions: Engaging a community in environmental health research from its onset enhanced the quality and relevance of the research investigation. The CBPR principles were a useful framework in building a strong academic–community partnership. Because of the current disconnect between communities and research scientists, academic researchers should consider working collaboratively with community-based risk communication sources. PMID:21680278

Beidler, Caroline; Wittberg, Richard; Meloncon, Lisa; Parin, Megan; Kopras, Elizabeth J.; Succop, Paul; Dietrich, Kim N.

2011-01-01

132

Georgia Teachers in Academic Laboratories: Research Experiences in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Georgia Intern-Fellowships for Teachers (GIFT) is a collaborative effort designed to enhance mathematics and science experiences of Georgia teachers and their students through summer research internships for teachers. By offering business, industry, public science institute and research summer fellowships to teachers, GIFT provides educators with first-hand exposure to the skills and knowledge necessary for the preparation of our future workforce. Since 1991, GIFT has placed middle and high school mathematics, science and technology teachers in over 1000 positions throughout the state. In these fellowships, teachers are involved in cutting edge scientific and engineering research, data analysis, curriculum development and real-world inquiry and problem solving, and create Action Plans to assist them in translating the experience into changed classroom practice. Since 2004, an increasing number of high school students have worked with their teachers in research laboratories. The GIFT program places an average of 75 teachers per summer into internship positions. In the summer of 2005, 83 teachers worked in corporate and research environments throughout the state of Georgia and six of these positions involved authentic research in geoscience related departments at the Georgia Institute of Technology, including aerospace engineering and the earth and atmospheric sciences laboratories. This presentation will review the history and the structure of the program including the support system for teachers and mentors as well as the emphasis on inquiry based learning strategies. The focus of the presentation will be a comparison of two placement models of the teachers placed in geoscience research laboratories: middle school earth science teachers placed in a 6 week research experience and high school teachers placed in 7 week internships with teams of 3 high school students. The presentation will include interviews with faculty to determine the value of these experiences to the scientific community and interviews/classroom observations of teachers to determine the transfer of knowledge from the teacher to the students through the implementation of their Action Plans into their classroom.

Barrett, D.

2005-12-01

133

The incremental variance problem: enhancing the predictability of academic success in an urban, commuter institution.  

PubMed

The authors identified variables that enhance the predictability of academic performance and retention in an urban, commuter college. They used a longitudinal design with 2 waves of data collection: prior to 1st-semester attendance and again 6 semesters later. The results support the following conclusions: (a) After controlling for precollege indices of academic ability, specific variables within demographic, personal behavior, expectations, and attitudinal domains improved the predictability of grade point average by 15.5% for Whites and 20.3% for Blacks; overall, these analyses accounted for 61% of the variance in grade point average for Whites and 47% for Blacks; (b) for retention, the comparable increment in predictability was 2.5% for Whites and less than 1% for Blacks; overall, the percentage of retention variance accounted for was 42% for Whites and 29% for Blacks; and (c) a paradoxical finding was the combination of a positive correlation between high school average and students' expected grades on tests and a negative correlation between expected and actual grades. The paradox is resolved by citing data that demonstrate (a) a disparity between high school grades and independently measured academic accomplishment; (b) the consequent false attributions students draw about their academic abilities; and (c) the impact of these false attributions on the priority students place on their academic responsibilities. PMID:14606732

Weissberg, Norman C; Owen, David R; Jenkins, Adelbert H; Harburg, Ernest

2003-05-01

134

Summary Guidance for Academics: `Definition of Research' Page 1 of 1  

E-print Network

normally be within 6 months of the research being completed. The subject matter of the proposed researchSummary Guidance for Academics: `Definition of Research' Page 1 of 1 Definition of Research `Research' is defined as original investigation undertaken in order to gain knowledge and understanding

135

Genetic research in a public–private research consortium: prospects for indirect use of Elite breeding germplasm in academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The creation of a public–private research partnership between plant breeding industry and academia can be beneficial for all\\u000a parties involved. Academic partners benefit from the material contributions by industry and a practically relevant research\\u000a focus, while industry benefits from increased insights and methodology tailored to a relevant set of data. However, plant\\u000a breeding industry is highly competitive and there are

Ralph van Berloo; Sjaak van Heusden; Arnaud Bovy; Fien Meijer-Dekens; Pim Lindhout; Fred van Eeuwijk

2008-01-01

136

Security Awareness in Virtual Communities: The Case of Non-collocated Academic Research Collaborations  

E-print Network

Security Awareness in Virtual Communities: The Case of Non-collocated Academic Research the security risk factor linked with virtual collaboration. This study examines the security awareness settings. The paper suggests that a security awareness program aimed at academics should be initiated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Research Students and Community Development: The Challenges of Integrating Academic Expectations with Community Needs and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While universities can play a major role in advancing research-based community development, academic discourses of rigor, quality and ethics often conflict with the participatory and collaborative approaches required by community development principles. While experienced academics often have difficulty negotiating these issues, they present…

Darcy, Michael; Nicholls, Ruth; Roffey, Christopher; Rogers, Dallas

2008-01-01

138

The Council of Research and Academic Libraries: An Example of Interlibrary Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the history, organization, and activities of the Council of Research and Academic Libraries, a multitype library cooperative composed of academic, public and special libraries and located in San Antonio, Texas. The consortium's history is traced from the events preceding and leading to its founding in 1966 to the present time,…

Cain, Mark E.

139

Temperament, School Adjustment, and Academic Achievement: Existing Research and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, research has been examining the role of temperament in education. In particular, academic achievement and school adjustment were among the first variables to be examined. Subsequently, several studies have documented associations between temperament and either academic achievement or school adjustment. However, no review of this…

Al-Hendawi, Maha

2013-01-01

140

Academic Staff Research Productivity: A Study of Universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined academic staff research productivity in Universities in South-South zone of Nigeria. Ex post facto design was adopted for this study. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. The sample size comprised of 480 academic staff drawn from a population of 3120. Data collection was carried out using a…

Usang, Bassey; Basil, Akuegwu; Lucy, Udida; Udey, Franca U.

2007-01-01

141

Enhancing Astronomy Major Learning Through Group Research Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Arizona Astronomy Club has been using group research projects to enhance the learning experience of undergraduates in astronomy and related fields. Students work on two projects that employ a peer-mentoring system so they can learn crucial skills and concepts necessary in research environments. Students work on a transiting exoplanet project using the 1.55-meter Kuiper Telescope on Mt. Bigelow in Southern Arizona to collect near-UV and optical wavelength data. The goal of the project is to refine planetary parameters and to attempt to detect exoplanet magnetic fields by searching for near-UV light curve asymmetries. The other project is a survey that utilizes the 12-meter Arizona Radio Observatory on Kitt Peak to search for the spectroscopic signature of infall in nearby starless cores. These are unique projects because students are involved throughout the entire research process, including writing proposals for telescope time, observing at the telescopes, data reduction and analysis, writing papers for publication in journals, and presenting research at scientific conferences. Exoplanet project members are able to receive independent study credit for participating in the research, which helps keep the project on track. Both projects allow students to work on professional research and prepare for several astronomy courses early in their academic career. They also encourage teamwork and mentor-style peer teaching, and can help students identify their own research projects as they expand their knowledge.

McGraw, Allison M.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.; Turner, J.; Shirley, Y. L.; Walker-Lafollette, A.; Scott, A.; Guvenen, B.; Raphael, B.; Sanford, B.; Smart, B.; Nguyen, C.; Jones, C.; Smith, C.; Cates, I.; Romine, J.; Cook, K.; Pearson, K.; Biddle, L.; Small, L.; Donnels, M.; Nieberding, M.; Kwon, M.; Thompson, R.; De La Rosa, R.; Hofmann, R.; Tombleson, R.; Smith, T.; Towner, A. P.; Wallace, S.

2013-01-01

142

Fashioning a web2.0-based academic writing course to enhance situated social learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper integrates discursive and non-discursive knowledge and practice into the web2.0-based multidimensional course of Academic Writing in English. By resorting to the rationale of collaborative writing as embodied in critical linguistics and social constructionism, the space of teaching and learning can be effectively broadened like promoting beneficiary instructor\\/expert-student as well as student-student interactions and most importantly, enhancing the awareness

Dawang Huang; Wenbin Wang; Tingjun Yang

2011-01-01

143

Enhancing Student Academic and Health Functioning: A Self-Regulatory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on self-regulatory processes has grown exponentially during the last two decades. Initial accounts involving anecdotal descriptions of self-awareness of functioning have been augmented with scientifically measured processes that involve subjects as active participants in their own self-assessment and self-change processes. This article traces a program of research on students’ self-regulation of their academic and health functioning from initial operational

Barry J. Zimmerman

1996-01-01

144

Enhancing Seismic Calibration Research Through Software Automation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering (GNEM R&E) Program has made significant progress enhancing the process of deriving seismic calibrations and performing scientific integration with automation tools. We present an overview of our software automation efforts and framework to address the problematic issues of very large datasets and varied formats utilized during seismic

Stanley D. Ruppert; Douglas A. Dodge; Annie B. Elliott; Michael D. Ganzberger; Teresa F. Hauk; Eric M. Matzel; Floriana Ryall

2004-01-01

145

Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Academics' Perceptions about Research in a Transitional Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

2012-01-01

146

Photosynthesis Research 80: 1557, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 15­57, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 15 Review Discoveries in oxygenic photosynthesis (1727­2003): a perspective Dedicated, molecular biology, oxygen evolution, phosphorylation, photosynthesis, plants, reaction centers `Science

Govindjee "Gov"

147

Photosynthesis Research 34: 433-447, 1992. O 1992 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 34: 433-447, 1992. O 1992 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Chloroplast energization and oxidation of P700/plastocyanin in illuminated leaves at reduced Key words: chlorophyll fluorescence, cyclic electron transport, photorespiration, photosynthesis

Schönknecht, Gerald

148

Photosynthesis Research 73: 165168, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 165�168, 2002. � 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed this seminal work of Duysens and Sweers, the fluorescence yield of chlorophyll in vivo was considered to depend

149

Academics and Advocates: The Role of Consumer Researchers in Public Policy-Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the marketplace becomes increasingly complex, the need for consumer research involvement in public policy making grows. The most effective way for academics to affect policy is to participate in advocacy groups. (SK)

Brobeck, Stephen

1988-01-01

150

Enhancing research publications using Rich Interactive Narratives.  

PubMed

It is desirable in many disciplines to include supplementary information to add value to research publications, particularly in digital form. The concept of interactive publications, in which the reader can browse and navigate through in a nonlinear manner, is one such medium that is explored in this paper. We describe the application of the Rich Interactive Narrative framework to provide such a mechanism in the fields of archaeology and chemistry, to supplement academic journal papers. This system provides both passive (pre-recorded) and active (user-led) interaction modes to navigate through data, including experimental datasets, maps, photos, video and three-dimensional models, and supports event-based audio and text narration. It includes an extensive authoring tool for deployment to the Web. We conclude by discussing the future possibilities of such a platform for e-science and scholarly communication. PMID:23230162

Takeda, Kenji; Earl, Graeme; Frey, Jeremy; Keay, Simon; Wade, Alex

2013-01-28

151

Midsemester Academic Interventions in a Student-Centered Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this descriptive study, the use of a midsemester Success Workshop is evaluated within the context of the persistence and motivation of students placed on academic probation in a state university between 2005 and 2010. Elements of the Success Workshop are described. The self-assessments, workshop evaluation results, and other institutional data…

Boretz, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

152

Academic Boot Camp for the Writing of Psychology Research Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein, we describe the implementation of, and responses to, a structured writing workshop in the form of an academic boot camp. Participants were 42 undergraduate psychology students from a medium-sized Australian university who were completing their major assignment for the semester. A majority of the students expressed satisfaction with the…

Skues, Jason L.; Wise, Lisa

2014-01-01

153

Academic Advising Highly Important to Students. National Research Report, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How important is academic advising to students--and what aspects of advising are students most and least satisfied with? This report builds on the considerable evidence to date that students view advising as an important and needed service. It also documents specific strengths and challenges related to the advising process for public, private,…

Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2009

2009-01-01

154

Research Links the Arts with Student Academic Gains  

Microsoft Academic Search

State and national accountability initiatives are forcing educational administrators to seek curricular interventions that will yield the greatest improvement in students' academic performance in the least amount of time. Though volumes of documentation regarding the value of the arts in education line the shelves of professional libraries and support for the arts as part of a comprehensive educational program is

David E. Gullatt

2007-01-01

155

The Academic Ethics of Open Access to Research and Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we present the case for regarding the principles by which scholarly publications are disseminated and shared as a matter of academic ethics. The ethics of access have to do with recognizing people's right to know what is known, as well as the value to humanity of having one of its best forms of arriving at knowledge as widely…

Willinsky, John; Alperin, Juan Pablo

2011-01-01

156

Officeof Institutional Research and Academic Planning Geology Hall, First Floor  

E-print Network

by Original State 31 Headcount Enrollment of International Students 32 Headcount Enrollment of International Students by Country 33 Enrollment by Program for Total University 34 3. Academic Profile Mean SAT Scores' Presidents, 1766 - Present xv STUDENTS 1. Admissions Applied, Admitted, and Enrolled by Campus 1 Applied

Garfunkel, Eric

157

Academic and Research Integrity Janet Alder, PhD  

E-print Network

kind can be used during an examination. NO communications devices, especially cell phones. � Take and Cell Biology Director of Academic and Student Affairs Rutgers Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences impact on human health �Scientists have mutual interdependency The Editors Scientific American 2010

Garfunkel, Eric

158

Coming of age and taking stock: the state of academic health policy research centres in Canada.  

PubMed

This descriptive study takes stock of the nation's health services and health policy research capacity by profiling the organizational models, operational challenges and success strategies utilized by Canadian academic health policy research centres. While each such centre is unique, the results point to some common themes, including symbiotic relationships between centres and their ministries of health, pervasive infrastructure funding challenges and the importance of having a supportive academic home. PMID:19308108

Mekel, Michele; Shortt, Samuel E D

2005-09-01

159

A service-academic partnership in primary care research: one practice's experience.  

PubMed Central

Further development of a strong research base for general practice is important if the profession is to respond appropriately to its central role in service provision. It can be difficult for general practitioners (GPs) who have not pursued an academic career path to make a significant contribution to research. The development of a service-academic partnership is described, together with an honest account of the difficulties encountered. PMID:14601344

White, Anthony J S; Date, Jan; Taylor, Jane; Kinmonth, Ann Louise

2003-01-01

160

Public-Academic Partnerships: A Rapid Small-Grant Program for Policy-Relevant Research: Motivating Public-Academic Partnerships  

PubMed Central

To help grow a cadre of researchers with the knowledge and skills to pursue topics of great utility to public mental health systems, the director of the Division of Mental Health Services and Policy Research at Columbia University used funding from the New York State Office of Mental Health (OMH) to create a rapid small-grant program called the OMH Policy Scholars Program. This column uses two case examples to describe how this public-academic partnership exposes early-career researchers to the needs and complexities of large public mental health systems while providing them with senior research and policy mentors to help ensure the success of the scholars' projects and oversee their introduction to and work within the public mental health system. This type of collaboration is one model of encouraging early-career psychiatric researchers to pursue policy-relevant research. PMID:23370621

Rodriguez, Carolyn I.; Arbuckle, Melissa R.; Simpson, Helen B.; Herman, Daniel B.; Stroup, T. Scott; Skrobala, Anne M.; Sederer, Lloyd I.; Appel, Anita; Essock, Susan M.

2014-01-01

161

Public-academic partnerships: a rapid small-grant program for policy-relevant research: motivating public-academic partnerships.  

PubMed

To help grow a cadre of researchers with the knowledge and skills to pursue topics of great utility to public mental health systems, the director of the Division of Mental Health Services and Policy Research at Columbia University used funding from the New York State Office of Mental Health (OMH) to create a rapid small-grant program called the OMH Policy Scholars Program. This column uses two case examples to describe how this public-academic partnership exposes early-career researchers to the needs and complexities of large public mental health systems while providing them with senior research and policy mentors to help ensure the success of the scholars' projects and oversee their introduction to and work within the public mental health system. This type of collaboration is one model of encouraging early-career psychiatric researchers to pursue policy-relevant research. PMID:23370621

Rodriguez, Carolyn I; Arbuckle, Melissa R; Simpson, Helen B; Herman, Daniel B; Stroup, T Scott; Skrobala, Anne M; Sederer, Lloyd I; Appel, Anita; Essock, Susan M

2013-02-01

162

Center for Research on Enhancing Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems  

E-print Network

#12;Center for Research on Enhancing Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems Personnel. Blaine Metting #12;vii Abstract The Center for Research on Enhancing Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial needed to evaluate the feasibility of environmentally sound strategies for enhancing carbon sequestration

163

Academic research opportunities at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency(NGA)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vision of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is to "Know the Earth...Show the Way." To achieve this vision, the NGA provides geospatial intelligence in all its forms and from whatever source-imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial data and information-to ensure the knowledge foundation for planning, decision, and action. Academia plays a key role in the NGA research and development program through the NGA Academic Research Program. This multi-disciplinary program of basic research in geospatial intelligence topics provides grants and fellowships to the leading investigators, research universities, and colleges of the nation. This research provides the fundamental science support to NGA's applied and advanced research programs. The major components of the NGA Academic Research Program are: *NGA University Research Initiatives (NURI): Three-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators across the US academic community. Topics are selected to provide the scientific basis for advanced and applied research in NGA core disciplines. *Historically Black College and University - Minority Institution Research Initiatives (HBCU-MI): Two-year basic research grants awarded competitively to the best investigators at Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and Minority Institutions across the US academic community. *Intelligence Community Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships: Fellowships providing access to advanced research in science and technology applicable to the intelligence community's mission. The program provides a pool of researchers to support future intelligence community needs and develops long-term relationships with researchers as they move into career positions. This paper provides information about the NGA Academic Research Program, the projects it supports and how researchers and institutions can apply for grants under the program. In addition, other opportunities for academia to engage with NGA through training programs and recruitment are discussed.

Loomer, Scott A.

2006-05-01

164

Photosynthesis Research 70: 241243, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 241­243, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, Chris and Alex follow. On behalf of the Editorial Board of Photosynthesis Research, I extend heartfelt honors. Olle was honored recently with a special issue of Photosynthesis Research, Volume 67, Nos. 1­ 2

Govindjee "Gov"

165

Photosynthesis Research 73: 16, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 1­6, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 1 Editorial Celebrating the millennium ­ historical highlights of photosynthesis research of Man, 1924 Early roots of photosynthesis research The English clergyman Stephen Hales published a re

Govindjee "Gov"

166

Breaking down Barriers: Academic Obstacles of First-Generation Students at Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived academic obstacles of first-generation students in comparison to non-first-generation students. Using the Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) completed by approximately 58,000 students from six research universities, the researchers used nonparametric bootstrapping to analyze…

Stebleton, Michael J.; Soria, Krista M.

2012-01-01

167

Of Patriots and Profits: New Tools for Keeping Academic Research in Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

How much is the federal government policing scientific research? How has this policing changed existing government-research relations within the academic research sector? The recent FBI investigation of Professor Steven Kurtz and the internationally acclaimed artists' collective Critical Art Ensemble (CAE) inspired us to take a closer look at the current administration's use and misuse of the expanded government and law

Beatriz da Costa; Claire Pentecost

2005-01-01

168

University at Buffalo SBSIRB Policy on Academic Exercises Designed for Teaching Students Research Techniques  

E-print Network

Techniques Research as defined in the Code of Federal Regulations and conducted by any member Potential Practicum Problems. Students engaged in the process of learning research techniques understandablyUniversity at Buffalo SBSIRB Policy on Academic Exercises Designed for Teaching Students Research

Krovi, Venkat

169

Academic Research at a South African Higher Education Institution: Quality Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to critically analyse how a university context influences the quality of academics' research output. Wenger's social theory of learning was used as theoretical framework. The investigation involved an ethnographic case study of the research culture at one college at the institution. Data collection was mainly by means…

Schulze, S.

2008-01-01

170

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of Departments,…

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

171

Sources of Research Confidence for Early Career Academics: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of studies investigating how early career academics (ECAs) form attitudes towards aspects of their work and gain skills in research, teaching and service. This is especially the case with respect to research. A review of the pertinent literature revealed the prominence of a notion of research self-efficacy (or confidence) and…

Hemmings, Brian

2012-01-01

172

Sources of research confidence for early career academics: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a paucity of studies investigating how early career academics (ECAs) form attitudes towards aspects of their work and gain skills in research, teaching and service. This is especially the case with respect to research. A review of the pertinent literature revealed the prominence of a notion of research self-efficacy (or confidence) and how it was aligned with the

Brian Hemmings

2011-01-01

173

Sources of research confidence for early career academics: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a paucity of studies investigating how early career academics (ECAs) form attitudes towards aspects of their work and gain skills in research, teaching and service. This is especially the case with respect to research. A review of the pertinent literature revealed the prominence of a notion of research self-efficacy (or confidence) and how it was aligned with the

Brian Hemmings

2012-01-01

174

Buying-Out Teaching for Research: The Views of Academics and Their Managers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the practice of buying-out teaching to create time for research. A study was carried out, at a regional university in Australia, with academics in receipt of research grant funds (and therefore with the means to buy out teaching), Heads of School, and the Deputy Vice Chancellors responsible respectively for research and for…

Smith, Erica; Smith, Andrew

2012-01-01

175

Exploring Evolutionary Technical Trends From Academic Research Papers Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang  

E-print Network

Exploring Evolutionary Technical Trends From Academic Research Papers Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang the relationship between techniques and research topics to better explore technical trends. We define this new text interesting evolutionary technical trends in various research topics. 1. Introduction The importance

Chang, Chia-Hui

176

Institutional Research and Academic Outcomes. Proceedings of the Association for Institutional Research Annual Forum. (8th, San Francisco, California, May 6-9, 1968.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the 8th Annual Forum on Institutional Research was "Institutional Research and Academic Outcomes" -- intended as a continuation of the 1966 Forum discussion dealing with academic inputs and the 1967 Forum on the instructional process. After an address by the Association's president in which he urged his academic colleagues to…

Fincher, Cameron, Ed.

177

Opportunity for academic research in a low-gravity environment - Crystal growth  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The history of basic and applied research on crystal growth (CG), especially of semiconductor materials, is reviewed, stressing the dominance (at least in the U.S.) of industrial R&D projects over academic programs and the need for more extensive fundamental investigations. The NASA microgravity research program and the recommendations of the University Space Research Association are examined as they affect the availability of space facilities for academic CG research. Also included is a report on ground experiments on the effectiveness of magnetic fields in controlling vertical Bridgman CG and melt stability, using the apparatus employed in the Apollo-Soyuz experiments (Witt et al., 1978); the results are presented in graphs and briefly characterized. The role of NASA's microgravity CG program in stimulating academic work on CG, the importance of convection effects, CG work on materials other than semiconductors, and NSF support of CG research are discussed in a comment by R. F. Sekerka.

Matthiesen, D. H.; Wargo, M. J.; Witt, A. F.

1986-01-01

178

Resurrecting the triple threat: academic social responsibility in the context of global health research.  

PubMed

As a result of the pandemic of human immunodeficiency virus infection, more academic physicians involved in research are working in resource-limited settings, especially in the field of infectious diseases. These researchers are often located in close proximity to health care facilities with serious workforce shortages. Because institutions and funders support global health research, they have the opportunity to make a lasting impact on the health system by training local health workers where the research is being conducted. Academic researchers who spend clinical time in local health care centers and who teach and mentor students as part of academic social responsibility will build capacity, an investment that will yield dividends for future generations. PMID:19368501

Manabe, Yukari C; Jacob, Shevin T; Thomas, David; Quinn, Thomas C; Ronald, Allan; Coutinho, Alex; Mayanja-Kizza, Harriet; Merry, Concepta

2009-05-15

179

Photosynthesis Research 70: 325328, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 325­328, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed- thesis (August, 18­23, 2001, Brisbane, Australia), the International Society for Photosynthesis Research-Slack C- 4 pathway of photosynthesis. On behalf of the entire international photosynthesis community

Govindjee "Gov"

180

Photosynthesis Research 38:211-213, 1993. 1993Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 38:211-213, 1993. © 1993Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, oxygen clock Abstract This issue of Photosynthesis Research is dedicated to the memory of Bessel Kok of biophysics of photosynthesis. We particularly salute his formulation of the '5-step S-state 02 clock,' based

Govindjee "Gov"

181

Photosynthesis Research 53: 6572, 1997. 65 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 53: 65­72, 1997. 65 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Historical corner A `misplaced chapter' in the history of photosynthesis research; the second publication (1796) on plant processes by Dr Jan Ingen-Housz, MD, discoverer of photosynthesis A bicentenniel

Govindjee "Gov"

182

Photosynthesis Research 73: 1120, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 11­20, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, historical notes, Nobel and Kettering awards related to photosynthesis Govindjee1 & David W. Krogmann2, 1 2002 Key words: algae, carbon-14, history of photosynthesis research, photosynthesis, plants Abstract

Govindjee "Gov"

183

Photosynthesis Research 80: 113, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 1­13, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 1 Editorial Celebrating the millennium: historical highlights of photosynthesis research, Part 3 laureates in photosynthesis- related areas, Roger Stanier Abstract This paper introduces the third and final

Allen, John F.

184

Developing a Sustainable Research Culture in an Independent Academic Medical Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Independent academic medical centers (IAMC) are challenged to develop and support a research enterprise and maintain primary goals of healthcare delivery and financial solvency. Strategies for promoting translational research have been shown to be effective at institutions in the top level of federal funding, but not for smaller IAMCs. The…

Joyce, Jeffrey N.

2013-01-01

185

The impact of postdoc training on academic research productivity: what are the gender differences?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how postdoc training affects scientists' research productivity in their early career years (the first three years after receiving their doctoral degrees), in an attempt to reveal whether postdoc training contributes to enforce women's lower productivity that has been well documented in the general S&E community. Using a nationally representative sample of academic scientists and engineering from research

Yu Meng; Xuhong Su

2009-01-01

186

Industrial and Academic Collaboration: Hybrid Models for Research and Innovation Diffusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores how, in the light of global economic downturn and rising student populations, new academic-industrial models for research collaboration based upon specific technological expertise and knowledge can be developed as potential mechanisms for preserving and extending central university research infrastructure. The paper explores…

de Freitas, Sara; Mayer, Igor; Arnab, Sylvester; Marshall, Ian

2014-01-01

187

Stepping out of the Academic Brew: Using Critical Research to Break Down Hierarchies of Knowledge Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical theory and critical research are undeniably useful for revealing oppressive social structures and challenging the status quo in the realm of grand theory; yet, they are also useful for creating knowledge structures when academics deploy them on the ground. This article explores how critical theory and critical research can be used to…

Kress, Tricia M.

2011-01-01

188

Experiences of the Relation between Teaching and Research: What Do Academics Value?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with a small number of academic staff who had previously expressed strong views on the teaching-research relationship revealed substantial variation in their experiences of the relationship. Five qualitatively different experiences of the teaching-research relationship were evident, ranging from incompatibility, to transmission of new…

Robertson, Jane; Bond, Carol H.

2001-01-01

189

Photosynthesis Research 65: 103105, 2000. 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 65: 103­105, 2000. © 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed was then organizing a research group on photosynthesis in the newly- founded Institute of Plant PhysiologyD dealt with the biosynthesis of carotenoids in wild-type and light- sensitive mutant maize leaves, which

Govindjee "Gov"

190

Photosynthesis Research 58: 14, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 58: 1­4, 1998. © 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed and lactate oxidation in leaves (Izawa and Tsukamoto 1954). After graduation, he continued his studies Fellowship for Photosynthesis Research in the laboratory of Norman Good at Michigan State University

Govindjee "Gov"

191

The Role of Research in Academic Psychiatric Departments: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors demonstrate the role that research can play in the development of an academic department of psychiatry. Method: The authors explore the challenges and achievements in the transition of one department from a strong clinically- and educationally-centered department to one with an equally strong research focus. Results: The…

Pato, Carlos; Abulseoud, Osama; Pato, Michelle

2011-01-01

192

The Continuing Behavioural Modification of Academics since the 1992 Research Assessment Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed academics for the impact of Britain's Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), an assessment and funding mechanism, on their research behavior. Compared results to an earlier study (McNay, 1997) for significant differences. Found that the RAE time scale and the perceived preferences of RAE panel members are increasingly influencing choice of…

Talib, Ameen Ali

2001-01-01

193

Problems in Academic Motivation Research and Advantages and Disadvantages of Their Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, problems in current academic motivation research and their solutions are discussed. From a theoretical standpoint, it is argued that the field suffers from a lack of comprehensive models that are capable of capturing the full dynamics underlying observed behaviors. Different theoretical orientations among researchers often result in a rather arbitrary inclusion or exclusion of variables which leads

Mimi Bong

1996-01-01

194

Technology to Support Writing by Students with Learning and Academic Disabilities: Recent Research Trends and Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trends and findings from a descriptive analysis of 25 years of research studies examining the effectiveness of technology to support the compositional writing of students with learning and academic disabilities are presented. A corpus of 85 applied research studies of writing technology effectiveness was identified from among 249 items in the…

Peterson-Karlan, George R.

2011-01-01

195

Building Sustainable Academic Research in a "Teaching and Learning" Intensive Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic research is increasingly interdisciplinary, inter-institutional and international. In this context, creating and maintaining the balance in the nexus between research, teaching and learning and industry interaction is central to the operation and reputation of a university-level institute. In seeking sustainability, the perennial…

Jerrams, Steve; Betts, Tony; Carton, Janet

2008-01-01

196

Allocating Time Resources for Research between Academic Staff: The Case of Norwegian University Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore how time resources for research are allocated among academic staff members in institutions where research qualifications differ much between individuals. Norwegian university colleges are used as a case. These resources, which can be regarded as scarce goods, are of two kinds: the share of working hours…

Kyvik, Svein

2009-01-01

197

Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research

Cain, Amanda

2002-01-01

198

Inside the Triple Helix: An Integrative Conceptual Framework of the Academic Researcher's Activities, a Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government relations, the academic researcher plays a predominant role as he participates in research, which provides opportunities for innovation; in teaching, which develops highly qualified personnel; and in entrepreneurialism, which represents the transformation of knowledge in a more usable form, and…

Halilem, Norrin

2010-01-01

199

Research Cultures in English and Scottish University Education Departments: An Exploratory Study of Academic Staff Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports the findings of a small-scale qualitative investigation into academic staff perceptions of research cultures across 10 English and Scottish university education departments. The study sheds light on four interrelated issues: the nature of research cultures, perceived facilitators, perceived constraints and the emotional landscape…

Holligan, Chris; Wilson, Michael; Humes, Walter

2011-01-01

200

Reflexive Research Ethics for Environmental Health and Justice: Academics and Movement Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-engaged research on environmental problems has reshaped researcher–participant relationships, academic-community interaction and the role of community partners in human subjects protection and ethical oversight. We draw on our own and others' research collaborations with environmental health and justice social movement organizations to discuss the ethical concerns that emerge in community-engaged research. In this paper, we introduce the concept of reflexive

Alissa Cordner; David Ciplet; Phil Brown; Rachel Morello-Frosch

2012-01-01

201

Analytic model for academic research productivity having factors, interactions and implications  

PubMed Central

Financial support is dear in academia and will tighten further. How can the research mission be accomplished within new restraints? A model is presented for evaluating source components of academic research productivity. It comprises six factors: funding; investigator quality; efficiency of the research institution; the research mix of novelty, incremental advancement, and confirmatory studies; analytic accuracy; and passion. Their interactions produce output and patterned influences between factors. Strategies for optimizing output are enabled. PMID:22130145

2011-01-01

202

Examining research productivity of Chinese TEFL academics across departments and institutes  

E-print Network

Abbott, M. and Doucouliagos, H. (2004). Research output of Australian universities. Education Economics, 12(3), 251-265. Åkerlind, G. S. (2008). An academic perspective on research and being a researcher: An integration of the literature. Studies... , knowledge, abilities, research and further education. Foreign Language World, 91(5), 35-41. Yang, X., Liu, S. and Jin, H. (2002). Reflections on dynamic stability of foreign language instructors in tertiary education--Written at the upsurge of Great West...

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter

2010-01-01

203

Reservoir characterization and enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The research in this annual report falls into three tasks each dealing with a different aspect of enhanced oil recovery. The first task strives to develop procedures for accurately modeling reservoirs for use as input to numerical simulation flow models. This action describes how we have used a detail characterization of an outcrop to provide insights into what features are important to fluid flow modeling. The second task deals with scaling-up and modeling chemical and solvent EOR processes. In a sense this task is the natural extension of task 1 and, in fact, one of the subtasks uses many of the same statistical procedures for insight into the effects of viscous fingering and heterogeneity. The final task involves surfactants and their interactions with carbon dioxide and reservoir minerals. This research deals primarily with phenomena observed when aqueous surfactant solutions are injected into oil reservoirs.

Lake, L.W.; Pope, G.A.; Schechter, R.S.

1992-03-01

204

Feudalism and Academia: UK Academics' Accounts of Research Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our knowledge of research cultures in university education departments is still evolving, particularly in connection with the departments which have achieved a high ranking in the UK government's Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), and also the conditions under which "knowledge workers" operate are under-researched, although this is beginning to…

Holligan, Christopher

2011-01-01

205

Measuring Research "Impact" for Academic Promotion: Issues from the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Around the world, governments and the higher education sector are being asked to become more accountable for the money they spend on research funding. Research quality measurement exercises, such as the Excellence in Research for Australia initiative, use a number of agreed indicators to measure, analyse and report on various institution and…

Smith, Kylie M.; Crookes, Ellie; Crookes, Patrick A.

2013-01-01

206

Life Scientist Mobility from Academe to Industry: Does Academic Entrepreneurship Induce a Costly ?Brain Drain? on the Not-for-Profit Research Sector?  

Microsoft Academic Search

When academic researchers participate in commercialization using for-profit firms there is a potentially costly trade-off – their time and effort are diverted away from academic knowledge creation. This is a form of brain drain on the not-for-profit research sector which may reduce knowledge accumulation and adversely impact long-run economic growth. In this paper, we examine the economic significance of the

Andrew A. Toole; Dirk Czarnitzki

2007-01-01

207

"It's an Amazing Learning Curve to Be Part of the Project": Exploring Academic Identity in Collaborative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an investigation into the role of academic identity within collaborative research in higher education in South Africa. The study was informed by the literature on academic identities, collaborative research and communities of practice. It was located within a multi-site study, with involvement of researcher collaborators…

Leibowitz, Brenda; Ndebele, Clever; Winberg, Christine

2014-01-01

208

Development of a Survey Instrument to Measure TEFL Academics' Perceptions about, Individual and Workplace Characteristics for Conducting Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 30-item survey was devised to determine Chinese TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) academics' potential for conducting research. A five-part Likert scale was used to gather data from 182 academics on four factors: (1) perceptions on teaching-research nexus, (2) personal perspectives for conducting research, (3) predispositions for…

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter; Millwater, Jan; Tones, Megan

2013-01-01

209

Unveiling Social and Environmental Accounting Research in Spain: A Narrative of the Mobilisation of the Spanish Academic Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present a personal overview of the process of mobilisation of the social and environmental accounting research (SEAR) Spanish academic community to develop social and environmental accounting research as a legitimate research field. Using the arguments of Hambrick and Chen (2008) for analysing new academic fields as admittance-seeking social movements, a narrative is provided

Carmen Correa

2011-01-01

210

Utilizing LibQUAL+ ® to Identify Best Practices in Academic Research Library Website Design  

E-print Network

The intent of this research paper is to discover if LibQUAL+ ® results can be used to identify “best practices ” in academic research library website design. As demonstrated by responses to the LibQUAL+ ® survey item “A library Web site enabling me to locate information on my own”, website design is an important consideration for academic research library users. This paper examines websites from members of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) who participated in LibQUAL+ ® in 2010, with a particular focus on the websites with the highest scores for this specific LibQUAL+ ® question. Three primary functional criteria – Visual Layout, Information Architecture and Content – were used to evaluate if the academic research library websites with the highest LibQUAL+ ® scores in 2010 provided insight into best practices for contemporary academic research library website design. Background: LibQUAL+ ® was developed with the intent of assessing user perceptions of service quality. The long-standing goals of LibQUAL+ ® are to: • Foster a culture of excellence in providing library service

Raynna Bowlby; Brinley Franklin; Carolyn A. Lin; Raynna Bowlby; Brinley Franklin; Carolyn Lin

211

Postdoctoral research positions as preparation for an academic career  

E-print Network

, and provides some £500 per PDR to fund such training activities. In addition, the European Community has established a European Charter for Researchers and Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers, with the aim of providing more open and sustainable... , and North America, where it is common for postdoc positions to be regarded as non-employment training positions, without employee rights. Despite these variations,, issues and expectations facing postdoctoral researchers are similar internationally...

Akerlind, Gerlese

2009-01-01

212

Community ACTION Boards: An Innovative Model for Effective Community–Academic Research Partnerships  

PubMed Central

Background Community-based participatory research (CBPR) requires equitable partnerships between community stakeholders and academics. Traditionally, researchers relied on community advisory boards, but these boards often play a reactive role on a project-by-project basis. The East and Central Harlem Health Outcomes (ECHHO) Community Action Board (CAB), however, is an effective, proactive group. Objectives The ECHHO board sought to identify key strategies and tools to build and employ a partnership model, and to disseminate lessons learned to other community–academic partnerships. Methods Current and former board members were interviewed and a wide range of related documents was reviewed. Lessons Learned The board became effective when it prioritized action and relationship-building, across seven key domains: Shared priorities, diversity, participation, transparency, mutual respect and recognition, and personal connections. The model is depicted graphically. Conclusion Community advisory boards may benefit from attention to taking action, and to building relationships between academics and community members. PMID:22616207

James, Sherline; Arniella, Guedy; Bickell, Nina A.; Walker, Willie; Robinson, Virginia; Taylor, Barbara; Horowitz, Carol R.

2012-01-01

213

Academics' Attitudes towards PhD Students' Teaching: Preparing Research Higher Degree Students for an Academic Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study of 473 academics in a metropolitan university investigated the attitudes of academic supervisors towards training for university teaching for doctoral students. The study investigated academic supervisors' levels of awareness and knowledge of teacher training opportunities, the relative importance of teaching--both lecturing…

Jepsen, Denise M.; Varhegyi, Melinda M.; Edwards, Daniel

2012-01-01

214

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership (CDRP): Linking Academic & Community Radiation Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership (CDRP): Linking University & Community Radiation Oncology to Improve Cancer Outcomes Patrick D. Maguire, M.D. New Hanover Radiation Oncology Wilmington, NC CDRP: Partnerships in Radiation Oncology The Problem Clinical

215

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201201011 Assessing Academic Researchers  

E-print Network

hires, in order to achieve tenure, need to be: 1. Outstanding departmental citizens. Our department to take our instruction to the highest level possible. 3. Exemplary researchers. This last cri- terion

Zare, Richard N.

216

Community-based participatory research and the challenges of qualitative analysis enacted by lay, nurse, and academic researchers.  

PubMed

There are multiple challenges in adhering to the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR), especially when there is a wide range of academic preparation within the research team. This is particularly evident in the analysis phase of qualitative research. We describe the process of conducting qualitative analysis of data on community perceptions of public maternity care in the Dominican Republic, in a cross-cultural, CBPR study. Analysis advanced through a process of experiential and conversational learning. Community involvement in analysis provided lay researchers an imperative for improvements in maternity care, nurses a new perspective about humanized care, and academic researchers a deeper understanding of how to create the conditions to enable conversational learning. PMID:22911059

Foster, Jennifer W; Chiang, Fidela; Burgos, Rosa I; Cáceres, Ramona E; Tejada, Carmen M; Almonte, Asela T; Noboa, Frank R M; Perez, Lidia J; Urbaez, Marilín F; Heath, Annemarie

2012-10-01

217

Characteristics and Causes for Non-Accrued Clinical Research (NACR) at an Academic Medical Institution  

PubMed Central

Background The impact of non-accrued clinical research (NACR) represents an important economic burden that is under consideration as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services looks into reforming the regulations governing IRB review. NACR refers to clinical research projects that fail to enroll subjects. A delineation of the issues surrounding NACR is expected to enhance subject accrual and to minimize occurrence of NACR. The authors assessed demographics, characteristics, and reasons for NACR at an academic medical center, including time trends, funding source, research team (principal investigator, department), IRB resource utilization (IRB level of review, number of required IRB reviews, initial IRB turn-around time, and duration of NACR). Methods The authors analyzed data from 848 clinical research study closures during 2010 and 2011 to determine proportion, incidence, and characteristics of NACR. Studies with subject enrollment during the same time period were used as a comparative measure. Results Data from 704 (83.0%) study closures reported enrollment of 1 or more subjects while 144 (17.0 %) reported NACR (zero enrollment). PI-reported reasons for NACR included: 32 (22.2%) contract or funding issues; 43 (30.0%) insufficient study-dedicated resources; 41 (28.4%) recruitment issues; 17 (11.8%) sponsor-initiated study closure and 11 (7.6%) were “other/reason unreported”. Conclusions NACR is not uncommon, affecting about one in six clinical research projects in the study population and reported to be more common in some other institutions. The complex and fluid nature of research conduct, non-realistic enrollment goals, and delays in both the approval and/or accrual processes contribute to NACR. Results suggest some simple strategies that investigators and institutions may use to reduce NACR, including careful feasibility assessment, reduction of institutional delays, and prompt initiation of subject accrual for multi-center studies using competitive enrollment. Institutional action to support investigators in the conduct clinical research is also encouraged to reduce likelihood of NACR. PMID:23671544

Tice, Debra G.; Carroll, Kelly A.; Bhatt, Karishma H.; Belknap, Steven M.; Mai, David; Gipson, Heather J.; West, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

218

Ethnography as Method, Methodology, and "Deep Theorizing" Closing the Gap between Text and Context in Academic Writing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically explores the value of ethnography for enhancing context-sensitive approaches to the study of academic writing. Drawing on data from two longitudinal studies, student writing in the United Kingdom and professional academic writing in Hungary, Slovakia, Spain, and Portugal, the author illustrates the different contributions…

Lillis, Theresa

2008-01-01

219

Impact of Transformative Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education on Academic Institutions. Workshop Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2008, a two-day workshop was held in Arlington, Virginia with the goal of defining the progress of interdisciplinary research and graduate education and their impacts on academic institutions. The workshop was sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Directorate of Education and Human Resources, Division of Graduate Education,…

Van Hartesveldt, Carol; Giordan, Judith

2008-01-01

220

Photosynthesis Research 62: 117119, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 62: 117­119, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the potential of `photosynthesis as a clean energy resource', ever advocating the role of plants (biomass to the photosynthesis community but also to many world- wide networks of specialists on biomass, agriculture, renewable

Govindjee "Gov"

221

Photosynthesis Research 52: 175185, 1997. c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 52: 175­185, 1997. c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Historical corner Carotenoid-sensitized photosynthesis: Quantum efficiency, fluorescence of photosynthesis in a diatom was almost the same whether incident light was absorbed by chlorophyll

Govindjee "Gov"

222

Photosynthesis Research 58: 259268, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 58: 259­268, 1998. © 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed photosynthesis from photoinhibition Michael J. Behrenfeld1,, Ondrej Prasil2, Zbigniew S. Kolber1, Marcel Babin3 yield of photosynthesis. However, we found that light-saturated photosynthetic rates (Pmax) in natural

Babin, Marcel

223

Photosynthesis Research 59: 249254, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 59: 249­254, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed for the evolution of one molecule of oxygen in photosynthesis: A historical note Govindjee Departments 1999 Key words: history of photosynthesis, maximum quantum yield of photosynthesis, oxygen evolution

Govindjee "Gov"

224

Photosynthesis Research 76: 6572, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 76: 65�72, 2003. � 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 65 Minireview Period-four oscillations of the flash-induced oxygen formation in photosynthesis. Beginning with the discovery of photosynthesis by Joseph Priestley in the 1770s (Priestley 1772), and up

225

Photosynthesis Research 80: 447460, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 447­460, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 447 General appendix A list of photosynthesis conferences and of edited books in photosynthesis: edited books in photosynthesis, Helmut Metzner, photosynthesis conferences, symposia volumes, Jan Barth

Govindjee "Gov"

226

Introducing the College Student to Academic Inquiry: An Individualized Course in Library Research Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a course designed to equip students to use library resources while conducting academic research. By employing the methods of individualized instruction, a minimal teaching staff can direct the learning of large groups of students. Identifiable competencies are developed and can be assessed in: (1) the critical thinking which…

Blum, Mark E.; Spangehl, Stephen

227

Inefficiencies in markets for intellectual property rights: experiences of academic and public research institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formal use of such intellectual property rights (IPR) as patents and registered copyright by universities has increased steadily in the last two decades. Mainstream arguments, embedded in economic theory and policy, advocating the use of IPR to protect academic research results are based on the view that IPR marketplaces work well and allow universities to reap significant benefits. However,

Birgitte Andersen; Federica Rossi

2012-01-01

228

Hosted by the Cultures Academic Values and Education research group School of Education TCD  

E-print Network

:&Hoey/Neill&Theatre& Long&Room&Hub,&Trinity&College&Dublin& ! Trinity!College!Dublin! School!of!Education! Seminar!! Hosted by the Cultures Academic Values and Education research group School of Education TCD It is fifty years since the Investment in Education study was initiated by the OECD and the Department

O'Mahony, Donal E.

229

Replication Research in Comparative Genre Analysis in English for Academic Purposes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years a number of comparative studies based on an established approach to genre analysis have been published in the English for Academic Purposes (EAP) literature. Studies in this emerging strand of research typically aim to identify how the rhetorical structure of a particular genre (a text type) or part of a genre may vary across…

Basturkmen, Helen

2014-01-01

230

Academic Procrastination and the Performance of Graduate-Level Cooperative Groups in Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which academic procrastination predicted the performance of cooperative groups in graduate-level research methods courses. A total of 28 groups was examined (n = 83 students), ranging in size from 2 to 5 (M = 2.96, SD = 1.10). Multiple regression analyses revealed that neither within-group mean nor within-group…

Jiao, Qun G.; DaRos-Voseles, Denise A.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

231

Reaching beyond Disciplines through Collaboration: Academics' Learning in a National Multidisciplinary Research Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse and describe the learning that takes place in the interaction between academics from different disciplines and perspectives in collaboration with practitioners. Design/methodology/approach: The research draws on theories of learning that view it in relation to context, where the most significant…

Karlsson, Jan; Anderberg, Elsie; Booth, Shirley; Odenrick, Per; Christmansson, Marita

2008-01-01

232

A Complex Systems Framework for Research on Leadership and Organizational Dynamics in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a historiographical analysis of major leadership and organizational development theories that have shaped our thinking about how we lead and administrate academic libraries. Drawing from behavioral, cognitive, systems, and complexity theories, this article discusses major theorists and research studies appearing over the past…

Gilstrap, Donald L.

2009-01-01

233

Microsoft Research and academics use video game inspired courses to lure next generation of computer scientists.  

E-print Network

Microsoft Research and academics use video game inspired courses to lure next generation: video games. To reach new students, some educators are turning to inventive and often un- conventional to implementing the gaming courses, but across the board they've seen major improvements in the rates

Narasayya, Vivek

234

Photosynthesis Research 73: 265272, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 265­272, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, from leaves of spinach and pea, intact chloroplasts capable of performing CO2assimilation (David Walker). In 1968, I attended the First International Congress on Photosynthesis in Freuden- stadt, in the Black

Govindjee "Gov"

235

Photosynthesis Research 70: 273279, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 273­279, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 273 Regular paper Heterogeneity of Photosystem I reaction centers in barley leaves as related+ dark re-reduction were studied in barley leaves using absorbance changes at 820 nm. Leaves were exposed

Carpentier, Robert

236

Photosynthesis Research 16:285 289 (1988) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht Printed in the Netherlands  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 16:285 289 (1988) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht Printed-1941 After Emil L. Smith finished his PhD thesis in Photosynthesis (see Smith 1937) under Professor Selig (see Smith 1982). He knew that the aqueous extracts of leaves yielded only particulate suspensions

Govindjee

237

Photosynthesis Research 21: 93-106, 1989. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 21: 93-106, 1989. � Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands 1988;accepted in revised form 10 October 1988 Key words: higher plant photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence is free from severe distortion problems encountered in higher plant leaves. Chl a fluorescence

Govindjee

238

Photosynthesis Research 34: 449-464, 1992. 1992 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 34: 449-464, 1992. © 1992 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed activity in leaves under conditions of water stress Eva Katona*, Spidola Neimanis, Gerald Sch6nknecht of chlorophyll fluorescence, redox poising Abstract Leaves of the C3 plant Brassica oleracea were illuminated

Schönknecht, Gerald

239

PhotosynthesisResearch33: 113-119, 1992. 1992KluwerAcademicPublishers.Printedin the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

and testable hypotheses. 1. Overview of light-driven reactions in photosynthesis Contemporary photosynthetic of the light-driven reactions in photosynthetic membranes, two questions are addressed. (1) Why is the firstPhotosynthesisResearch33: 113-119, 1992. © 1992KluwerAcademicPublishers.Printedin the Netherlands

Boxer, Steven G.

240

Photosynthesis Research 68: 7179, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

, photosynthesis, light state transitions, protein phosphorylation, thylakoid Abstract Redox dependent protein (Thornber 1975). The function of LHC II is to collect light energy for transfer to reaction centresPhotosynthesis Research 68: 71­79, 2001. © 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed

Allen, John F.

241

Scale Economies in Academic Excellence: An Exploratory Analysis of the United Kingdom's 1992 Research Selectivity Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a 1992 British assessment of university departments are analyzed, particularly the finding that in general, larger departments were given higher research ratings. Analysis suggests an "economies of scale" effect and components of performance attributable to either "size" or "non-size" are identified. Implications are drawn for academic

Hoare, Anthony G.

1995-01-01

242

Productivity and Academic Assessment in Brazil: Challenges for Qualitative Health Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the challenges to the qualitative health research approach, under the regime of productivity that rules current academic evaluation in many countries. The analysis considers aspects common to several contexts, illustrating the discussion with the Brazilian context and, more specifically, within the dynamics of the collective…

Bosi, Maria Lucia Magalhaes

2012-01-01

243

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 82: 6169, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 82: 61­69, 2003. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed for metastatic breast cancer Anne-Renee Hartman, Amy Grekowicz, Bert L. Lum, Robert W. Carlson, Christine University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA Key words: metastatic breast cancer, oral chemotherapy

Ford, James

244

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 75: 147157, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 75: 147�157, 2002. � 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed-MPQ) for the measurement of mastalgia, and have administered it to 271 women with breast pain and without breast cancer these differences, particularly with regard to a possible connection with breast cancer risk. Introduction Mastalgia

Apkarian, A. Vania

245

Photosynthesis Research 76: 241245, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 76: 241�245, 2003. � 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed � photosystem; RC � reaction center Introduction Modern studies in photosynthesis begins with the classical with late Jan Amesz. (Their work on antagonistic effect of light 1 and 2 on the redox level of cytochrome f

246

Photosynthesis Research 63: 191194, 2000. 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 63: 191­194, 2000. 191 © 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, his work in for botany and plant physiology. Soon thereafter, Melvin Calvin and Andy Benson's lab) definitely ¨his laboratory in Berkeley, California, a rare chance turned his interest to photosynthesis

Govindjee "Gov"

247

Photosynthesis Research 73: 193206, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 193­206, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed. Photosynthesis is one, if not the most fascinating, of them. Within it, the protein complexes that catalyze light to endure any battle scars during his work. Description of the present has been left to my former postdoc

Nelson, Nathan

248

Student Engagement Research in Higher Education: Questioning an Academic Orthodoxy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests that student engagement research is not often investigated critically. It attempts to change this. After briefly outlining a conceptual framework for student engagement, it explores three critical questions about it. First, it asks whether in trying to be all things in teaching and learning, student engagement focuses too…

Zepke, Nick

2014-01-01

249

Natives and Academics: Researching and Writing about American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology provides Native perspectives on the ethics of researching, writing about, and teaching about American Indians, and may be used as a text for discussion in American Indian Studies classes. Leading Native scholars discuss the representativeness of Native informants, the merits of various data collection methods, the role and veracity…

Mihesuah, Devon A., Ed.

250

In Russia, a Model Program Reunites Research and Academe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientific research has traditionally been left to professionals in Russia. Here, though, graduates and undergraduates work alongside established scientists from different fields, on modern equipment. Some even earn enough money to support themselves. The students have been given this chance under a joint program of the United States and Russia…

MacWilliams, Bryon

2007-01-01

251

Trash or Treasure? Pop Fiction in Academic and Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews popular culture studies, research, and curricula in higher education, and explores how libraries are responding to needs of popular culture specialists. Profiles of library collections (Bowling Green State University, Michigan State University, San Francisco Academy of Comic Art, University of Minnesota, Library of Congress) are presented.…

Sewell, Robert G.

1984-01-01

252

University Knowledge Management Tool for Academic Research Activity Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of an efficient university knowledge management system involves the de-velopment of several software tools that assist the decision making process for the three main activities of a university: teaching, research, and management. Artificial intelligence provides a variety of techniques that can be used by such tools: machine learning, data mining, text mining, knowledge based systems, expert systems, case-based

Mihaela OPREA

2011-01-01

253

Workplace Influences on Chinese TEFL Academics' Development as Researchers: A Study of Two Chinese Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace influences on Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) academics' development as researchers were examined in two Chinese higher education institutions in this qualitative collective case study. Data sources included research documentation and interviews with 12 Chinese TEFL academics. Both institutions were keen on…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

2013-01-01

254

Research Selectivity and Female Academics in UK Universities: from gentleman's club and barrack yard to smart macho?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of survey data designed to explore the perceived impact of research selectivity (in the form of the Research Assessment Exercise [RAE]) on academic work in UK universities and examines their implications for women academics and gendered cultures in the light of recent writing on the position of women in UK academia. If at least part

SANDRA HARLEY

2003-01-01

255

Issues in the articulation of ‘impact’: the responses of UK academics to ‘impact’ as a new measure of research assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reflects on the emergence of an impact agenda and its incorporation as a feature of the academic contract in UK universities. It focuses on the depositions of senior academic managers across a range of social science research centres, as they critically reflect upon their organizational strategy for capturing and communicating the socio-economic impact of their research. Their testimonies

Richard Watermeyer

2012-01-01

256

Using Women's Health Research to Develop Women Leaders in Academic Health Sciences: The National Centers of Excellence in Women's Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the number of women entering U.S. medical schools has risen substantially in the past 25 years, the number of women in leadership positions in academic medicine is dispropor- tionately small. The traditional pathway to academic leadership is through research. Women's health research is an ideal venue to fill the pipeline with talented women physicians and sci- entists who may

Molly Carnes; Gayla VandenBosche; Patricia K. Agatisa; Anne Hirshfield; Alice Dan; Joan L. F. Shaver; Donna Murasko; Margaret McLaughlin

2001-01-01

257

Extending VIVO ontology to represent research and educational resources in an academic biomedical informatics department.  

PubMed

The increasing need for interdisciplinary team sciences makes it vital for academic research departments to publicize their research and educational resources as part of "linked data" on the semantic web to facilitate research networking and recruitment. We extended an open-source ontology, VIVO, to represent the research and educational resources in an academic biomedical informatics department to enable ontology-based information storage and retrieval. Using participatory design methods, we surveyed representative types of visitors to the department web site to understand their information needs, and incorporated these needs into the ontology design. We added 114 classes and 186 properties to VIVO. Generalizability and scalability are the measures used in our theoretical evaluation. PMID:23920980

Nakikj, Drashko; Weng, Chunhua

2013-01-01

258

The Career Enhancement Award for Stem Cell Research (K18)  

Cancer.gov

The Career Enhancement Award for Stem Cell Research (K18) supports investigators who need training and career development in the appropriate use of stem cells in research and have not yet engaged in such research.

259

Using Book Clubs to Enhance Social-Emotional and Academic Learning with Urban Adolescent Females of Color  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to elucidate how book clubs can be used as a forum to enhance students' social-emotional and academic learning. The author conducted a study in a small urban high school with 2 different book clubs: The younger group consisted of 2 African American 9th graders, 2 Latina 9th graders, and 1 African American 10th…

Polleck, Jody N.

2011-01-01

260

Classroom Karaoke: A Social and Academic Transition Strategy to Enhance the First-Year Experience of Youth Studies Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An innovative icebreaker initiative--"classroom karaoke"--was deployed at the beginning of a first-year undergraduate course in youth studies at an Australian university. The study used karaoke as a social and academic transition strategy to enhance students' first-year experience at university. Students responded positively to this lecture-based…

Baker, Sarah

2012-01-01

261

School-Based Interventions for Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Enhancing Academic and Behavioral Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most common and widely studied treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) are psychostimulant medications and behavioral interventions. The purpose of this article is to review empirically-supported, behavioral school-based interventions that are designed to enhance classroom behavior and academic achievement of students…

DuPaul, George J.; Weyandt, Lisa L.

2006-01-01

262

Development and Implementation of an Academic-Community Partnership to Enhance Care among Homeless Persons.  

PubMed

An academic-community partnership between a Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) clinic and a school of pharmacy was created in 2005 to provide medication education and identify medication related problems. The urban community based HCH clinic in the Richmond, VA area provides primary health care to the homeless, uninsured and underinsured. The center also offers eye care, dental care, mental health and psychiatric care, substance abuse services, case management, laundry and shower facilities, and mail services at no charge to those in need. Pharmacist services are provided in the mental health and medical clinics. A satisfaction survey showed that the providers and staff (n = 13) in the clinic were very satisfied with the integration of pharmacist services. The quality and safety of medication use has improved as a result of the academic-community collaborative. Education and research initiatives have also resulted from the collaborative. This manuscript describes the implementation, outcomes and benefits of the partnership for both the HCH clinic and the school of pharmacy. PMID:22259752

Gatewood, Sharon B S; Moczygemba, Leticia R; Alexander, Akash J; Osborn, Robert D; Reynolds-Cane, Dianne L; Matzke, Gary R; Goode, Jean-Venable R

2011-01-01

263

A Call for Training the Trainers: Focus on Mentoring to Enhance Diversity in Mental Health Research  

PubMed Central

There is a widening disparity between the proportion of ethnic minority Americans in the population and the number of researchers from these minority groups. One major obstacle in this arena relates to a dearth of mentors for such trainees. The present academic settings are not optimal for development and sustenance of research mentors, especially for mentees from underrepresented minority ethnic groups. Mentoring skills can and should be evaluated and enhanced. Universities, medical schools, and funding agencies need to join hands and implement national- and local-level programs to help develop and reward mentors of junior scientists from ethnic minority groups. PMID:19246662

Twamley, Elizabeth W.; Cardenas, Veronica; Lebowitz, Barry; Reynolds, Charles F.

2009-01-01

264

A call for training the trainers: focus on mentoring to enhance diversity in mental health research.  

PubMed

There is a widening disparity between the proportion of ethnic minority Americans in the population and the number of researchers from these minority groups. One major obstacle in this arena relates to a dearth of mentors for such trainees. The present academic settings are not optimal for development and sustenance of research mentors, especially for mentees from underrepresented minority ethnic groups. Mentoring skills can and should be evaluated and enhanced. Universities, medical schools, and funding agencies need to join hands and implement national- and local-level programs to help develop and reward mentors of junior scientists from ethnic minority groups. PMID:19246662

Jeste, Dilip V; Twamley, Elizabeth W; Cardenas, Veronica; Lebowitz, Barry; Reynolds, Charles F

2009-04-01

265

Broadening Participation in Geosciences with Academic Year and Summer Research Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Medgar Evers College, City University of New York, has initiated a multi-tiered strategy aimed at increasing the number of under-represented minority and female students pursuing careers in the Geosciences, especially Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and related areas. The strategy incorporates research on the persistence of minority and female under-represented students in STEM disciplines. The initiatives include NASA and NSF-funded team-based undergraduate research activities during the summer and academic year as well as academic support (clustering, PTLT workshops for gatekeeper courses), curriculum integration modules, and independent study/special topics courses. In addition, high school students are integrated into summer research activities working with undergraduate and graduate students as well as faculty and other scientist mentors. An important initial component was the building of an infrastructure to support remote sensing, supported by NASA. A range of academic year and summer research experiences are provided to capture student interest in the geosciences. NYC-based research activities include urban impacts of global climate change, the urban heat island, ocean turbulence and general circulation models, and space weather: magnetic rope structure, solar flares and CMEs. Field-based investigations include atmospheric observations using BalloonSat sounding vehicles, observations of tropospheric ozone using ozonesondes, and investigations of the ionosphere using a CubeSat. This presentation provides a description of the programs, student impact, challenges and observations.

Austin, S. A.; Howard, A.; Johnson, L. P.; Gutierrez, R.; Chow, Y.

2013-12-01

266

The Academic Research Centre: A Vital Link between Industry and Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Composite Materials at the University of Delaware opens up new funding sources and collaborative research opportunities and enhances student skills. Government-sponsored research is focusing on real-world problems in close cooperation with industry. (SK)

Steiner, Karl V.; Kukich, Diane S.

1995-01-01

267

Enhancing school-based prevention and youth development through coordinated social, emotional, and academic learning.  

PubMed

A comprehensive mission for schools is to educate students to be knowledgeable, responsible, socially skilled, healthy, caring, and contributing citizens. This mission is supported by the growing number of school-based prevention and youth development programs. Yet, the current impact of these programs is limited because of insufficient coordination with other components of school operations and inattention to implementation and evaluation factors necessary for strong program impact and sustainability. Widespread implementation of beneficial prevention programming requires further development of research-based, comprehensive school reform models that improve social, health, and academic outcomes; educational policies that demand accountability for fostering children's full development; professional development that prepares and supports educators to implement programs effectively; and systematic monitoring and evaluation to guide school improvement. PMID:12971193

Greenberg, Mark T; Weissberg, Roger P; O'Brien, Mary Utne; Zins, Joseph E; Fredericks, Linda; Resnik, Hank; Elias, Maurice J

2003-01-01

268

Academic Jibberish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about academic jibberish. Alfie Kohn states that a great deal of academic writing is incomprehensible even to others in the same area of scholarship. Academic Jibberish may score points for the writer but does not help research or practice. The author discusses jibberish as a career strategy that impresses those…

Krashen, Stephen

2012-01-01

269

Experiential Learning and Research Ethics: Enhancing Knowledge through Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can instructors use experiential learning strategies to enhance student understanding of research ethics and responsible research conduct? In this article, the authors review literature on using experiential learning to teach research ethics and responsible research conduct. They present a three-step exercise for teaching research ethics and…

Teixeira-Poit, Stephanie M.; Cameron, Abigail E.; Schulman, Michael D.

2011-01-01

270

"Blogfolios" and Their Role in the Development of Research Projects in an Advanced Academic Literacy Class for ESL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on "blogfolios", online interactive blog-based portfolios, developed by students for class projects in Electronic Literacy. Blogfolios may contain interactive images, podcasts, and web-log discussions on a variety of researched academic topics. The impact of academic blogfolios on the second language learner's…

Ananyeva, Maria

2014-01-01

271

Adaptation of Chinese Graduate Students to the Academic Integrity Requirements of a U.S. University: A Mixed Methods Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed method study was to investigate how graduates originating from mainland China adapt to the U.S. academic integrity requirements. In the first, quantitative phase of the study, the research questions focused on understanding the state of academic integrity in China. This guiding question was divided into two sub-questions,…

Jian, Hu

2012-01-01

272

How Much Academic Instruction Occurs outside Research Universities in BC? Research Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When British Columbia began establishing community colleges in the mid 1960s, the explicit decision to provide extensive university transfer opportunities for college students had the added benefit of making a wide array of academic courses available to students who were not university-bound. Some of these students had been in applied programs in…

Cowin, Bob

2009-01-01

273

The Impact of Academic Research on Business Practice Experiences from Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past four decades, academic researchers have developed a variety of concepts they claim are relevant to business practice.\\u000a This article analyzes the impact of eight of these concepts from a decision-oriented perspective. Four of them – econometric\\u000a models, diffusion models, causal analysis and mental accounting – have yet to exert a significant influence on business practice.\\u000a In contrast,

Hermann Simon

2008-01-01

274

Spinouts from academic institutions: a literature review with suggestions for further research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive literature review of the phenomenon of spinouts from academic institutions. We systematically\\u000a identified spinout papers in key management journals, categorised the literature and critically synthesised the findings.\\u000a We present the findings of each literature stream in turn and also identify inconsistencies and directions for further research.\\u000a We conclude that while the early literature has been

Djordje Djokovic; Vangelis Souitaris

2008-01-01

275

Promoting doctoral students' research self-efficacy: combining academic guidance with autonomy support  

Microsoft Academic Search

A diverse sample of doctoral students completed an on-line questionnaire assessing their supervisors' academic, personal and autonomy support and their research self-efficacy. The more task-related help and personal support students received, the more positively they evaluated their supervision. The degree to which supervisors encouraged students to think and act autonomously (autonomy support) was not uniquely associated with students' supervision satisfaction

Nickola C. Overall; Kelsey L. Deane; Elizabeth R. Peterson

2011-01-01

276

Optimizing Multibeam Data Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multibeam sonars are fundamental mapping tools for a wide range of oceanographic studies throughout the global oceans. Initially installed on only a few academic research vessels, they have become standard sensors across global- and ocean-class ships in the U.S. academic research fleet. While ongoing efforts including the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R, http://rvdata.us) and the Global Multi-Resolution Topography Synthesis (GMRT, http://www.marine-geo.org/portals/gmrt) are focused on data documentation, preservation, synthesis and dissemination, the Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC, http://mac.unols.org) was recently established with the primary goal of optimizing multibeam data quality during acquisition. Our strategy is to engage operators, technical specialists and users to develop common protocols, guidelines and tools for use across the fleet. Technical teams are focused on specific aspects of multibeam sonar operation and maintenance, including Sea Acceptance, Acoustic Noise, and Quality Assurance. Key to our effort is working with the community of stakeholders to ensure that protocols and tools suit the needs of the community and can be easily implemented across the fleet. Although MAC efforts are initially focused on deep water systems in the US Academic Research Fleet, we recognize that our community of stakeholders is much broader and also includes operators and users of shallow water. All MAC-generated reports, guidelines and software tools, as well as links to related online resources are being made publicly available through the MAC website (http://mac.unols.org).

Ferrini, V.; Beaudoin, J.; Johnson, P. D.

2012-12-01

277

Underrepresentation of underrepresented minorities in academic medicine: the need to enhance the pipeline and the pipe.  

PubMed

The number of underrepresented minorities (URMs; black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander) among US medical school faculty is markedly low when compared with their respective percent representation of the US population. Women URMs are doubly underrepresented, particularly as the academic rank advances from the instructor to the professor level, and gender discrepancies occur more prominently among white female faculty. Although the percent of white faculty has decreased over the past 5 years, the low percentage of black and Hispanic faculty has not changed proportionately. Furthermore, the 2008-2009 pipeline of URM trainees is unlikely to reverse the current trends. Several measures are suggested for consideration by medical schools and the National Institutes of Health, and recommendations that URM faculty and students may wish to consider are also discussed. The major issues to address include increasing the pipeline of predoctoral URMs, promoting the success and retention of junior URM faculty, enhancing the support of senior URM faculty to serve as needed mentors, and building a pool of URM and non-URM mentors for URM trainees. Therefore, issues pertaining to both the pipeline and the pipe need to be overcome. PMID:19944787

Merchant, Juanita L; Omary, M Bishr

2010-01-01

278

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Community Outreach, Academic and Research Collaboration, and Education and Support Services (IT-CARES)  

PubMed Central

Introduction The purpose of this study is to examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing community outreach, academic and research collaboration, and education and support services (IT-CARES) in an academic setting. Methods A survey was deployed to assess the ICT needs in an academic setting. The survey was developed using the Delphi methodology. Questionnaire development was initiated by asking key stakeholders involved in community outreach, academic, research, education, and support to provide feedback on current ICT issues and future recommendations for relevant ICT tools that would be beneficial to them in their job, and to capture current ICT issues. Participants were asked to rate the level of importance of each ICT question on five-point Likert scales. Results The survey was sent to 359 participants, including faculty, staff, and students. The total number of respondents was 96, for a 27 percent response rate. The majority of the participants (54.1 percent, n = 46) placed a high importance on learning the available research capabilities of the college. The majority of the participants placed moderate (43.5 percent, n = 37) to high importance (40 percent, n = 34) on having an intranet that could support collaborative grant writing. A majority of the participants attributed high importance to learning to interact with the online learning management system Blackboard. A majority of the participants agreed that social media should being more actively utilized for diverse activities for academic and research purposes. Conclusion The study helped to identify the current needs and challenges faced by professionals and students when interacting with ICT. More research is needed in order to effectively integrate the use of ICT in the field of higher education, especially related to the modern global public health context. PMID:24159275

Joshi, Ashish; Meza, Jane; Costa, Sergio; Puricelli Perin, Douglas Marcel; Trout, Kate; Rayamajih, Atul

2013-01-01

279

Reflexive Research Ethics for Environmental Health and Justice: Academics and Movement-Building  

PubMed Central

Community-engaged research on environmental problems has reshaped researcher-participant relationships, academic-community interaction, and the role of community partners in human subjects protection and ethical oversight. We draw on our own and others’ research collaborations with environmental health and justice social movement organizations to discuss the ethical concerns that emerge in community-engaged research. In this paper we introduce the concept of reflexive research ethics: ethical guidelines and decision-making principles that depend on continual reflexivity concerning the relationships between researchers and participants. Seeing ethics in this way can help scientists conduct research that simultaneously achieves a high level of professional conduct and protects the rights, well-being, and autonomy of both researchers and the multiple publics affected by research. We highlight our research with community-based organizations in Massachusetts, California, and Alaska, and discuss the potential impacts of the community or social movement on the research process and the potential impacts of research on community or social movement goals. We conclude by discussing ways in which the ethical concerns that surface in community-engaged research have led to advances in ethical research practices. This type of work raises ethical questions whose answers are broadly relevant for social movement, environmental, and public health scholars. PMID:22690133

Cordner, Alissa; Ciplet, David; Brown, Phil; Morello-Frosch, Rachel

2012-01-01

280

Enhancing the Quality of Child Care: Lessons from Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on current research, this paper advocates the optimization and enhancement of quality in group day care. Child development researchers offer many suggestions for improving the quality of child care. Recent research has indicated the importance peers play in children's development. Researchers have also indicated the importance of…

Chambliss, Catherine

281

Views of Academic and Community Partners Regarding Participant Protections and Research Integrity: A Pilot Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

When community partners have direct interaction with human research participants, it is important to consider potential threats to participant protections and research integrity. Few studies have directly compared the views of academic and community partners. This pilot focus group study explores the views of academic partners (APs) and community partners (CPs) regarding challenges to the protection of research participants and research integrity in community-engaged research (CEnR). Data are analyzed to understand how APs and CPs define and think about ethical problems and how meaning and analysis may differ between the two groups. Findings have implications for the development of research ethics training materials for academic-community research partnerships and IRBs; best practices for CEnR; and future research on ethical issues in CEnR. PMID:23485668

Anderson, Emily E.

2013-01-01

282

Minority Student Perceptions of the Impact of Mentoring to Enhance Academic Performance in STEM Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Benjamin Banneker Scholars Program (BBSP) was designed at an HBCU to increase the academic performance, retention, and graduation of minority students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). At the end of each academic year, students completed a BBSP Post-Program Satisfaction Survey. Each year Mentoring was consistently…

Kendricks, Kimberly D.; Nedunuri, K. V.; Arment, Anthony R.

2013-01-01

283

Australian University Research Commercialisation: Perceptions of Technology Transfer Specialists and Science and Technology Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian governments in recent years have invested substantially in innovation and research commercialisation with the aim of enhancing international economic competitiveness, making research findings more readily available to research users, and supporting economic and social development. Although there have been a number of evaluations of…

Harman, Grant

2010-01-01

284

Are We Covering Our Own Backyards?: An Analysis of Local Research Guides Created by Academic Business Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines local research guides created by academic business librarians to assist patrons with researching the communities (towns, cities, and regions) where their schools are located. A key finding is that only 33% of the libraries surveyed provide guides to local research, while 80% provide guides to international research. (Contains 2…

Lyons, Charles

2009-01-01

285

The Detroit Community-Academic Urban Research Center: development, implementation, and evaluation.  

PubMed

There is increasing research evidence that stressors in the social and physical environment (e.g., poverty, inadequate housing, air pollution, and racism) are associated with poor health outcomes. Given the complex set of determinants of health status, the disproportionate burden of disease experienced within marginalized communities, and the limited effectiveness of traditional prevention research, particularly within communities of color, there have been growing calls for more comprehensive and participatory approaches to public health research and practice. The purpose of this article is to describe and analyze the process of establishing, implementing, and evaluating the Detroit Community-Academic Urban Research Center (URC), a community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership involving community-based organizations, a local health department, academia, and an integrated health care system. Lessons learned and recommendations for creating effective CBPR partnerships are presented. PMID:11680026

Israel, B A; Lichtenstein, R; Lantz, P; McGranaghan, R; Allen, A; Guzman, J R; Softley, D; Maciak, B

2001-09-01

286

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (2) development of simulators for MEOR; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially

M. M. Sharma; G. Georgiou

1991-01-01

287

Using Book Clubs to Enhance Social–Emotional and Academic Learning With Urban Adolescent Females of Color  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to elucidate how book clubs can be used as a forum to enhance students' social–emotional and academic learning. The author conducted a study in a small urban high school with 2 different book clubs: The younger group consisted of 2 African American 9th graders, 2 Latina 9th graders, and 1 African American 10th grader;

Jody N. Polleck

2010-01-01

288

Strategic Implementation Plan for Enhancement of Research,  

E-print Network

Used in Developing this Plan and the Timeline......................................... 13 Research, Forestry, & Agriculture *Daniel Belknap Earth Sciences Emmanuel Boss Marine Sciences Ian Bricknell Director

Thomas, Andrew

289

The talent process of successful academic women scientists at elite research universities in New York state  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of science in our society continues to increase, as the needs of the global culture and the problems of the world's growing populations affect resources internationally (DeLisi, 2008; Fischman, 2007; Park, 2008). The need for qualified and experienced scientists to solve complex problems is important to the future of the United States. Models of success for women in STEM disciplines are important to improve the recruitment and retention of women in academic science. This study serves as an examination of the facilitators and barriers---including external factors and internal characteristics---on the talent development process of successful women academic scientists. Since there are few studies relating specifically to the career experiences of successful women in academic science careers (Ceci & Williams, 2007; Wasserman, 2000; Xie & Shauman, 2003), a literature review was conducted that examined the (1) the gifted literature on women, including the eminence literature; (2) the higher education literature on women faculty and academic science, and (3) the literature related to the internal characteristics and external factors that influence the talent development process. The final section of the literature review includes a literature map (Creswell, 2009) outlining the major studies cited in this chapter. The conclusion, based on a critical analysis of the literature review, outlines the need for this study. The current study utilizes the framework of Gagne's differentiated talent development model for gifted individuals (Gagne, 1985, 1991) to examine the themes cited in multiple studies that influence the talent development process. Through a mixed-design methodology (Creswell, 2009) that incorporates quantitative and qualitative analysis using a survey and follow-up interviews with selected participants, this study seeks to explore the effects of internal characteristics, external influences, significant events, and experiences on the success of women scientists at elite research universities in New York. A criterion sample (n=94) was selected resulting in forty-one successful academic women scientists as the study participants, representing a response rate of 43.6%. Findings include the important roles of parents, teachers, mentors and collaborators on the talent development process of the participants. The perception of the study participants was that there were multiple facilitators to their talent development process, while few barriers were acknowledged. The most important barriers cited by participants were perceptions of institutional culture and sexism. Implications for practice in both gifted and higher education are suggested, based on the findings of the study. For gifted education, these suggestions include the need to provide parental education programs emphasizing the importance of intellectual engagement at home, providing dedicated time for science in primary education, and fostering science and mathematics opportunities, particularly for girls and young women. Stressing the importance of hard work, persistence and intelligent risk-taking are also important for encouraging girls in science. For higher education, the study provides models of success of academic women scientists, outlines the importance of mentors and collaborators, and emphasizes the critical role that institutions and departments play in facilitating or impeding women's career development as academics. The current study suggests several areas for further research to continue the exploration of the talent development influences on academic women scientists. Based on the findings of this study, recommended studies include examining the differences of generational cohorts; probing the roles of collaborators/mentor colleagues; exploring differences for women from various ethnic and racial backgrounds; replicating the current study with larger populations of women scientists; investigating the role of facilitative school environments; examining the patterns of influence of first generation successful academic women, a

Kaenzig, Lisa M.

290

The college journey and academic engagement: how metaphor use enhances identity-based motivation.  

PubMed

People commonly talk about goals metaphorically as destinations on physical paths extending into the future or as contained in future periods. Does metaphor use have consequences for people's motivation to engage in goal-directed action? Three experiments examine the effect of metaphor use on students' engagement with their academic possible identity: their image of themselves as academically successful graduates. Students primed to frame their academic possible identity using the goal-as-journey metaphor reported stronger academic intention, and displayed increased effort on academic tasks, compared to students primed with a nonacademic possible identity, a different metaphoric framing (goal-as-contained-entity), and past academic achievements (Studies 1-2). This motivating effect persisted up to a week later as reflected in final exam performance (Study 3). Four experiments examine the cognitive processes underlying this effect. Conceptual metaphor theory posits that an accessible metaphor transfers knowledge between dissimilar concepts. As predicted in this paradigm, a journey-metaphoric framing of a possible academic identity transferred confidence in the procedure, or action sequence, required to attain that possible identity, which in turn led participants to perceive that possible identity as more connected to their current identity (Study 4). Drawing on identity-based motivation theory, we hypothesized that strengthened current/possible identity connection would mediate the journey framing's motivating effect. This mediational process predicted students' academic engagement (Study 5) and an online sample's engagement with possible identities in other domains (Study 6). Also as predicted, journey framing increased academic engagement particularly among students reporting a weak connection to their academic possible identity (Study 7). PMID:24749818

Landau, Mark J; Oyserman, Daphna; Keefer, Lucas A; Smith, George C

2014-05-01

291

Academic and research capacity development in Earth observation for environmental management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sustainable environmental management is one of the key development goals of the 21st century. The importance of Earth observation (EO) for addressing current environmental problems is well recognized. Most developing countries are highly susceptible to environmental degradation; however, the capacity to monitor these changes is predominantly located in the developed world. Decades of aid and effort have been invested in capacity development (CD) with the goal of ensuring sustainable development. Academics, given their level of freedom and their wider interest in teaching and knowledge transfer, are ideally placed to act as catalyst for capacity building. In this letter, we make a novel investigation into the extent to which the EO academic research community is engaged in capacity development. Using the Web of Knowledge publication database (http://wok.mimas.ac.uk), we examined the geographical distribution of published EO related research (a) by country as object of research and (b) by authors' country of affiliation. Our results show that, while a significant proportion of EO research (44%) has developing countries as their object of research, less than 3% of publications have authors working in, or affiliated to, a developing country (excluding China, India and Brazil, which not only are countries in transition, but also have well established EO capacity). These patterns appear consistent over the past 20 years. Despite the wide awareness of the importance of CD, we show that significant progress on this front is required. We therefore propose a number of recommendations and best practices to ease collaboration and open access.

Cassells, Gemma; Woodhouse, Iain H.; Patenaude, Genevieve; Tembo, Mavuto

2011-10-01

292

Enhancing Theory Courses with Racially Inclusive Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a blueprint that instructors of mass media theory courses can adopt to expose students to racially inclusive research in order to encourage students to explore and employ relevant theories when probing media and race questions. Offers examples of inclusive media research, examining six prominent theories: selective-perception theory,…

Bramlett-Solomon, Sharon; Liebler, Carol M.

1999-01-01

293

Education Program for Doctoral Researchers by Industrial-Government-Academic Cooperation and Interaction between Different Research Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New education program to train graduate students and postdoctoral researchers who can be good leaders in a variety of social fields by cooperation of graduate school of engineering and pharmaceutical sciences is conducted as an advanced activity in Kyoto University. This program consists of four sub-programs and the educational effect by the collaboration of industry-government-academic and the interaction between dissimilar research fields is described in this paper. Trainees in this program acquire the ability to understand objectively one’ s research from comprehensive point of view and to debate with researchers in different fields. This program supports them to become ‘Global Leaders’ who play an important role internationally in advanced technology.

Oki, Kazuya; Sawaragi, Tetsuo; Hasebe, Shinji; Morisawa, Shinsuke

294

Creating Community-Academic Partnerships for Cancer Disparities Research and Health Promotion  

PubMed Central

To effectively attenuate cancer disparities in multiethnic, medically underserved populations, interventions must be developed collaboratively through solid community–academic partnerships and driven by community-based participatory research (CBPR). The Tampa Bay Community Cancer Network (TBCCN) has been created to identify and implement interventions to address local cancer disparities in partnership with community-based nonprofit organizations, faith-based groups, community health centers, local media, and adult literacy and education organizations. TBCCN activities and research efforts are geared toward addressing critical information and access issues related to cancer control and prevention in diverse communities in the Tampa Bay area. Such efforts include cross-cultural health promotion, screening, and awareness activities in addition to applied research projects that are rooted in communities and guided by CBPR methods. This article describes these activities as examples of partnership building to positively affect cancer disparities, promote community health, and set the stage for community-based research partnerships. PMID:19822724

Meade, Cathy D.; Menard, Janelle M.; Luque, John S.; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah; Gwede, Clement K.

2010-01-01

295

The graduate research field choice of women in academic physics and astronomy: A pilot study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The low representation of women in physics is apparent at the undergraduate level through faculty positions. However, when looking at the percentage of PhD women graduates in the closely related field astronomy (40%) and women PhDs in physics education research (30%), it is found that those areas have higher representations of women compared to women physics PhD graduates (18%). This study seeks to understand the research subfield choice of women in academic physics and astronomy at large US research universities through in-depth interviews and a grounded theory analytical approach. Though preliminary results have not shown why women chose their graduate research field, they have shown that positive pre-college experiences are bringing these women to physics, while supportive advisors and collaboration amongst students are encouraging these women to persist.

Barthelemy, Ramón S.; Grunert, Megan L.; Henderson, Charles R.

2013-01-01

296

Research directions in enhanced oil recovery  

SciTech Connect

A survey completed by the National Petroleum Council in June, 1988, included data from companies believed to sponsor about three-quarters of all U.S. private sector research in oil recovery. The results of this survey are reviewed.

Singer, M.I.; Stosur, G.I. (US Dept. of Energy, Room 4G-052, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC (US))

1988-01-01

297

Design-based research and technology-enhanced learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade, design-based research has demonstrated its potential as a methodology suitable to both research and\\u000a design of technology-enhanced learning environments (TELEs). In this paper, we define and identify characteristics of design-based\\u000a research, describe the importance of design-based research for the development of TELEs, propose principles for implementing\\u000a design-based research with TELEs, and discuss future challenges of using

Feng Wang; Michael J. Hannafin

2005-01-01

298

Research issues in forensic pathology: a survey of academic institutions employing forensic pathologists.  

PubMed

In an effort to characterize research efforts in forensic pathology, a questionnaire was sent to a representative of each of the 14 academic medical centers that employ full-time faculty forensic pathologists. Responses were received from all 14 (100%) of the institutions queried, representing a total of 39 forensic pathology faculty positions; 21 positions were tenure track and 18 positions were clinical or other tracks. Of the 39 positions, 25 positions (64%) at 10 institutions required some degree of research or scholarly output. Of the 25 forensic pathologists with a research imperative, only 3 (12%) were principal investigators or co-investigators on funded forensic pathology-based projects. The major limitation cited by respondents on the performance of forensic pathology research was the lack of protected time from service responsibilities. Fellowship training in forensic pathology was available at 6 of the 14 respondent institutions. Of these institutions, 4 (67%) had a research requirement for trainees, and 4 (67%) provided research training. In conclusion, very few US medical schools currently employ full-time faculty forensic pathologists. Of these, only a small number of institutions prioritize research by these faculty members. Scant federal funds are available to support research in forensic pathology. Few forensic pathology fellowship programs provide research training. To achieve a robust research agenda in forensic pathology that is sufficient to support the needs of the criminal justice and public health systems will require a paradigm shift in the medicolegal death investigative system and investment by federal agencies. PMID:15138925

Nolte, Kurt B

2004-05-01

299

Work and family conflict in academic science: patterns and predictors among women and men in research universities.  

PubMed

This article addresses work-family conflict as reported among women and men academic scientists in data systematically collected across fields of study in nine US research universities. Arguing that academic science is a particularly revealing case for studying work-family conflict, the article addresses: (1) the bi-directional conflict of work with family, and family with work, reported among the scientists; (2) the ways that higher, compared with lower, conflict, is predicted by key features of family, academic rank, and departments/institutions; and (3) patterns and predictors of work-family conflict that vary, as well as converge, by gender. Results point to notable differences, and commonalties, by gender, in factors affecting interference in both directions of work-family conflict reported by scientists. These findings have implications for understandings of how marriage and children, senior compared with junior academic rank, and departmental climates shape work-family conflict among women and men in US academic science. PMID:22164721

Fox, Mary Frank; Fonseca, Carolyn; Bao, Jinghui

2011-10-01

300

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research

C. P. Thomas; G. A. Bala; M. L. Duvall

1991-01-01

301

Does decreased research funding from the National Institutes of Health to local academic hospitals cause an increase in industry sponsored research funding?  

E-print Network

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been the stalwart of research funding at universities and academic teaching hospitals. However, since the start of the last decade NIH funding has contracted in real terms. ...

Truesdell, John A., Jr. (John Alan)

2011-01-01

302

Image enhancement technology research for army applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recognition and identification ranges are limited to the quality of the images. Both the received contrast and the spatial resolution determine if objects are recognizable. Several aspects affect the image quality. First of all the sensor itself. The image quality depends on the size of the infrared detector array and the sensitivity. Second, also the intervening atmosphere, in particular over longer ranges, has an impact on the image quality. It degrades the contrast, due to transmission effects, as well as it influences the resolution, due to turbulence blur, of the image. We present studies in the field of infrared image enhancement. Several techniques are described: noise reduction, super resolution, turbulence compensation, contrast enhancement, stabilization. These techniques operate in real-time on COTS/MOTS platforms. They are especially effective in the army theatre, where long horizontal paths, and short line-of-sight limited urban operations are both present. Application of these techniques on observation masts, such as on military camp sites, and on UAVs and moving ground vehicles are discussed. Examples will be presented from several trials in which these techniques were demonstrated, including the presentation of test results.

Schwering, Piet B. W.; Kemp, Rob A. W.; Schutte, Klamer

2013-06-01

303

A case study on research in engineering education: designing, testing, and administering the PACES-2 survey on academic integrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most engineering educators excel at planning and conducting technical research in their field, but few are proficient doing this for a project in engineering education. Recently, however, there has been increased emphasis on conducting rigorous research in engineering education. This paper provides practical advice for planning and conducting such research. The authors use their long term project to predict academic

Cynthia J. Finelli; Jamie L. Szwalek; Donald D. Carpenter; Trevor S. Harding

2005-01-01

304

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

305

Enhancing research capacity across healthcare and higher education sectors: development and evaluation of an integrated model  

PubMed Central

Background With current policy in healthcare research, in the United Kingdom and internationally, focused on development of research excellence in individuals and teams, building capacity for implementation and translation of research is paramount among the professionals who use that research in daily practice. The judicious use of research outcomes and evaluation of best evidence and practice in healthcare is integrally linked to the research capacity and capabilities of the workforce. In addition to promoting high quality research, mechanisms for actively enhancing research capacity more generally must be in place to address the complexities that both undermine and facilitate this activity. Methods A comprehensive collaborative model for building research capacity in one health professional group, speech and language therapy, was developed in a region within the UK and is presented here. The North East of England and the strong research ethos of this profession in addressing complex interventions offered a fertile context for developing and implementing a model which integrated the healthcare and university sectors. Two key frameworks underpin this model. The first addresses the individual participants’ potential trajectory from research consciousness to research participative to research active. The second embeds a model developed for general practitioners into a broader framework of practice-academic partnership and knowledge and skills exchange, and considers external drivers and impacts on practice and patient outcomes as key elements. Results and discussion The integration of practice and academia has been successful in building a culture of research activity within one healthcare profession in a region in the UK and has resulted, to date, in a series of research related outcomes. Understanding the key components of this partnership and the explicit strategies used has driven the implementation of the model and are discussed here. Conclusions A strong, equitable collaboration between clinical and academic partners working towards a common outcome can enhance the use of research within the healthcare workforce and contribute actively to the research process. A set of propositions are specified to facilitate both transferability of this partnership model to other professional groups and clinical teams and evaluation of the model components. PMID:22929175

2012-01-01

306

Enhance Your Team-Based Qualitative Research  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Qualitative research projects often involve the collaborative efforts of a research team. Challenges inherent in teamwork include changes in membership and differences in analytical style, philosophy, training, experience, and skill. This article discusses teamwork issues and tools and techniques used to improve team-based qualitative research. METHODS We drew on our experiences in working on numerous projects of varying, size, duration, and purpose. Through trials of different tools and techniques, expert consultation, and review of the literature, we learned to improve how we build teams, manage information, and disseminate results. RESULTS Attention given to team members and team processes is as important as choosing appropriate analytical tools and techniques. Attentive team leadership, commitment to early and regular team meetings, and discussion of roles, responsibilities, and expectations all help build more effective teams and establish clear norms. As data are collected and analyzed, it is important to anticipate potential problems from differing skills and styles, and how information and files are managed. Discuss analytical preferences and biases and set clear guidelines and practices for how data will be analyzed and handled. As emerging ideas and findings disperse across team members, common tools (such as summary forms and data grids), coding conventions, intermediate goals or products, and regular documentation help capture essential ideas and insights. CONCLUSIONS In a team setting, little should be left to chance. This article identifies ways to improve team-based qualitative research with more a considered and systematic approach. Qualitative researchers will benefit from further examination and discussion of effective, field-tested, team-based strategies. PMID:16046570

Fernald, Douglas H.; Duclos, Christine W.

2005-01-01

307

Academic Research and Teaching Quality: The Views of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate and graduate students in the United Kingdom participated in structured discussions of the effects of lecturer research activity on student learning. Both groups offered a preponderance of positive comments over negative ones. Articulated benefits of lecturer research included enhanced knowledge currency, credibility, competence in…

Lindsay, Roger; Breen, Rosanna; Jenkins, Alan

2002-01-01

308

Original Research Manganese-Enhanced MRI Reveals Multiple  

E-print Network

Original Research Manganese-Enhanced MRI Reveals Multiple Cellular and Vascular Layers in Normal,6* Purpose: To use manganese-enhanced magnetic reso- nance imaging (MEMRI) at 25 Ã? 25 Ã? 800 mm3 to image different retinal and vascular layers in the rat retinas. Materials and Methods: Manganese

Duong, Timothy Q.

309

Negotiation in Academic Medicine: Narratives of Faculty Researchers and Their Mentors  

PubMed Central

Purpose Few researchers have explored the negotiation experiences of academic medical faculty even though negotiation is crucial to their career success. The authors sought to understand medical faculty researchers' experiences with and perceptions of negotiation. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described the importance of negotiation in academic medical careers but also expressed feeling naïve and unprepared for these negotiations, particularly as junior faculty. Award recipients focused on power, leverage, and strategy, and they expressed a need for training and mentorship to learn successful negotiation skills. Mentors, by contrast, emphasized the importance of flexibility and shared interests in creating win-win situations for both the individual faculty member and the institution. When faculty construed negotiation as adversarial and/or zero-sum, participants believed it required traditionally masculine traits and perceived women to be at a disadvantage. Conclusions Academic medical faculty often lack the skills and knowledge necessary for successful negotiation, especially early in their careers. Many view negotiation as an adversarial process of the sort that experts call “hard positional bargaining.” Increasing awareness of alternative negotiation techniques (e.g., “principled negotiation,” in which shared interests, mutually satisfying options, and fair standards are emphasized), may encourage the success of medical faculty, particularly women. PMID:23425992

Sambuco, Dana; Dabrowska, Agata; DeCastro, Rochelle; Stewart, Abigail; Ubel, Peter A.; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

310

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

SciTech Connect

The surface active lipopeptide produced by Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 was isolated to near apparent homogeneity. NMR experiments revealed that this compound consists of a heptapeptide with an amino acid sequence similar to surfactin and a heterogeneous fatty acid consisting of the normal-, anteiso-, and iso- branched isomers. The surface activity of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant was shown to depend on the presence of fermentation products and is strongly affected by the pH. Under conditions of optimal salinity and pH the interfacial tension against decane was 6 [times] 10[sup 3] mN/m which is one of the lowest values ever obtained with a microbial surfactant. Microbial compounds which exhibit particularly high surface activity are classified as biosurfactants. Microbial biosurfactants include a wide variety of surface and interfacially active compounds, such as glycolipids, lipopeptides polysaccharideprotein complexes, phospholipids, fatty acids and neutral lipids. Biosurfactants are easily biodegradable and thus are particularly suited for environmental applications such as bioremediation and the dispersion of oil spills. Bacillus licheniformis strain JF-2 has been shown to be able to grow and produce a very effective biosurfactant under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and in the presence of high salt concentrations. The production of biosurfactants in anaerobic, high salt environments is potentially important for a variety of in situ applications such as microbial enhanced oil recovery. As a first step towards evaluating the commercial utility of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant, we isolated t-he active. compound from the culture supernatant, characterized its chemical structure and investigated its phase behavior. We found that the surface activity of the surfactant is strongly dependent on the pH of the aqueous. phase. This may be important for the biological function of the surfactant and is of interest for several applications in surfactancy.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States))

1992-01-01

311

Page 46Academ AcademicAcademProgramsAcademAcademUniversityAcademCurricula SonomaAcademStateAcademUniversityAcadem2010-2011AcademCatalog AcAdemic ProgrAms University CUrriCUla  

E-print Network

AcademCourses WGSAcademAcadem Women'sAcademandAcademGenderAcademStudies #12;SonomaAcademStateAcademUniversityAcadem2010 ChristinaAcademBakerAcadem/AcademEducation;AcademRaceAcademandAcademGender;AcademMassAcademMediaAfricanAcademAmericanAcademHistoryAcadem&AcademCulture;Academ20thAcademCenturyAcademUSAcadem History;AcademRaceAcademRelations;AcademSport

Ravikumar, B.

312

The International Center for Materials Research (ICMR) at UC Santa Barbara announces its International Research Fellowship competition for the 2010 academic  

E-print Network

and motivation for the international component, _a short CV and (for students and postdocs) a letter of support Fellowships support research visits to nonUS laboratories for graduate students, postdocs and junior faculty International Research Fellowship competition for the 2010 academic year. ICMR International Research

Rubloff, Gary W.

313

Academic Guidance 4 2013-2014 Guide to Good Research Practice Page 1 of 19 ACADEMIC GUIDANCE 4  

E-print Network

responsibilities 5 External regulation and collaboration 5 PRINCIPLES OF GOOD RESEARCH PRACTICE 6 RESEARCH GOVERNANCE 7 Research leadership 7 Research supervision and management 7 TRAINING AND MENTORING 8 Researcher RESEARCH 10 Funding applications 10 Planning and design 10 Conflict of interest 11 Risk 12 Health

Matthews, Adrian

314

Software Tools for Academics and Researchers Biochem: Protein 3-D Viewer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by researchers at MIT's Software Tools for Academics and Researchers (STAR) initiative, this website offers interested parties a 3-D protein viewer that "allows students to learn key concepts about the biology of proteins in an interactive manner." First-time users may want to start by clicking on the "Video Tutorial" on the homepage to get a basic sense of how the viewer works. The site also includes a "Screenshots" section and several sample exercises. Perhaps the most detailed instructions can be found in the online user manual, which includes eight areas, including "Loading a protein structure" and "Visualizing atoms and bonds." A section where users can send in feedback rounds out the site.

2012-01-06

315

VAO Tools Enhance CANDELS Research Productivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation of galaxies and their co-evolution with black holes through cosmic time are prominent areas in current extragalactic astronomy. New methods in science research are building upon collaborations between scientists and archive data centers which span large volumes of multi-wavelength and heterogeneous data. A successful example of this form of teamwork is demonstrated by the CANDELS (Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey) and the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO) collaboration. The CANDELS project archive data provider services are registered and discoverable in the VAO through an innovative web based Data Discovery Tool, providing a drill down capability and cross-referencing with other co-spatially located astronomical catalogs, images and spectra. The CANDELS team is working together with the VAO to define new methods for analyzing Spectral Energy Distributions of galaxies containing active galactic nuclei, and helping to evolve advanced catalog matching methods for exploring images of variable depths, wavelengths and resolution. Through the publication of VOEvents, the CANDELS project is publishing data streams for newly discovered supernovae that are bright enough to be followed from the ground.

Greene, Gretchen; Donley, J.; Rodney, S.; LAZIO, J.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Busko, I.; Hanisch, R. J.; VAO Team; CANDELS Team

2013-01-01

316

A novel program trains community-academic teams to build research and partnership capacity.  

PubMed

The Community-Engaged Research Team Support (CERTS) program was developed and tested to build research and partnership capacity for community-engaged research (CEnR) teams. Led by the Northwestern University Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (NUCATS), the goals of CERTS were: (1) to help community-academic teams build capacity for conducting rigorous CEnR and (2) to support teams as they prepare federal grant proposal drafts. The program was guided by an advisory committee of community and clinical partners, and representatives from Chicago's Clinical and Translational Science Institutes. Monthly workshops guided teams to write elements of NIH-style research proposals. Draft reviewing fostered a collaborative learning environment and helped teams develop equal partnerships. The program culminated in a mock-proposal review. All teams clarified their research and acquired new knowledge about the preparation of NIH-style proposals. Trust, partnership collaboration, and a structured writing strategy were assets of the CERTS approach. CERTS also uncovered gaps in resources and preparedness for teams to be competitive for federally funded grants. Areas of need include experience as principal investigators, publications on study results, mentoring, institutional infrastructure, and dedicated time for research. PMID:23751028

Winckler, Eva; Brown, Jen; Lebailly, Susan; McGee, Richard; Bayldon, Barbara; Huber, Gail; Kaleba, Erin; Lowry, Kelly Walker; Martens, Joseph; Mason, Maryann; Nuñez, Abel

2013-06-01

317

[Motivation of young academics for medical research. Position of the German Council of Science and Humanities].  

PubMed

Research needs innovative ideas, time for design, performance and discussion of projects, and freedom in the daily routine. Integrating the individual working concepts in the given profile of the university hospital and the national research system requires a suitable institutional framework and individual academic mentoring. German university medicine is shaped by a steep hierarchy and high economic pressure - factors that are justified by the medical care system, but which are counterproductive in research. There is a lack of scientific education, time, incentives, and adequate infrastructure - conditions which do not motivate for a scientific career. The increasing interdisciplinary cooperation between medicine and natural sciences, however, has had a positive impact on medical research. Wissenschaftsrat (German Council of Science and Humanities) and DFG (German Research Foundation) analyzed German university medicine and published forward-looking recommendations, which emphasize that university hospitals have to be structurally adjusted to satisfy the needs of medical research and education. Only after the implementation of the recommendations can it be assessed whether the proposed changes solve the designated problems. PMID:19629411

Beisiegel, U

2009-08-01

318

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program, Status Report: Foreign Research on Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) research outside the United States. The term ''enhanced geothermal systems'' refers to the use of advanced technology to extract heat energy from underground in areas with higher than average heat flow but where the natural permeability or fluid content is limited. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from low permeability hydrothermal to hot dry rock.

McLarty, Lynn; Entingh, Daniel

2000-09-29

319

Research Motives of Faculty in Academic STEM: Measurement Invariance of the Research Motivation Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the psychometric properties of the Research Motivation Scale (RMS) in a sample of faculty members (N = 337) in university science departments. It was hypothesized that the RMS would evidence partial measurement invariance across tenure status and noninvariance across gender, given the different sociocultural factors (e.g., gender role bias) that regulate the research behavior of men and

Eric D. Deemer; Kevin T. Mahoney; Jacqueline Hebert Ball

2012-01-01

320

Assessing research impact in academic clinical medicine: a study using Research Excellence Framework pilot impact indicators  

PubMed Central

Background Funders of medical research the world over are increasingly seeking, in research assessment, to complement traditional output measures of scientific publications with more outcome-based indicators of societal and economic impact. In the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) developed proposals for the Research Excellence Framework (REF) to allocate public research funding to higher education institutions, inter alia, on the basis of the social and economic impact of their research. In 2010, it conducted a pilot exercise to test these proposals and refine impact indicators and criteria. Methods The impact indicators proposed in the 2010 REF impact pilot exercise are critically reviewed and appraised using insights from the relevant literature and empirical data collected for the University of Oxford’s REF pilot submission in clinical medicine. The empirical data were gathered from existing administrative sources and an online administrative survey carried out by the university’s Medical Sciences Division among 289 clinical medicine faculty members (48.1% response rate). Results The feasibility and scope of measuring research impact in clinical medicine in a given university are assessed. Twenty impact indicators from seven categories proposed by HEFCE are presented; their strengths and limitations are discussed using insights from the relevant biomedical and research policy literature. Conclusions While the 2010 pilot exercise has confirmed that the majority of the proposed indicators have some validity, there are significant challenges in operationalising and measuring these indicators reliably, as well as in comparing evidence of research impact across different cases in a standardised manner. It is suggested that the public funding agencies, medical research charities, universities, and the wider medical research community work together to develop more robust methodologies for capturing and describing impact, including more valid and reliable impact indicators. PMID:23259467

2012-01-01

321

Academic Entrepreneurship in France: The Promotion of Economic Returns of Public Research and Its Political and Scientific Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasising the level of the observation of university configurations and the example of academic entrepreneurship, the author analyses the drivers of economic returns of public research in France. Based on the study of national public policy in this field since 1999 and a general survey of the paths of researchers-entrepreneurs, the article…

Manifet, Christelle

2008-01-01

322

Struggling to Handle Teaching and Research: A Study on Academic Work at Select Universities in the Chinese Mainland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to raise the international reputation and quality of higher education in "China", the Ministry of Education initiated new university employment reform, which pressed academics to produce more research. Recent employment reform has aggravated the conflict between teaching and research. This study "uses" mixed methods to…

Lai, Manhong; Du, Ping; Li, Linlin

2014-01-01

323

PhD Qualifying & Research Milestones http://hst.mit.edu/academics/memp/degree-requirements/phd-thesis-guide#Milestones  

E-print Network

8/2014 PhD Qualifying & Research Milestones http://hst.mit.edu/academics/memp/degree-requirements/phd-thesis-guide research prior to submitting the thesis proposal) YEAR TWO Fall � Meet proposal Spring � Defend Thesis Proposal, if not done in fall � Thesis

Gabrieli, John

324

Enhancing Academic Performance and Social and Emotional Competence with the RULER Feeling Words Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used to test the impact of a 30-week, theoretically-based social and emotional learning (SEL) curriculum, The RULER Feeling Words Curriculum ("RULER"), on the academic performance and social and emotional competence of 5th and 6th grade students (N = 273) in fifteen classrooms in three schools.…

Brackett, Marc A.; Rivers, Susan E.; Reyes, Maria R.; Salovey, Peter

2012-01-01

325

Enhancing Academic Engagement: Providing Opportunities for Responding and Influencing Students to Choose to Respond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although educators often provide opportunities for students to engage in active academic responding, in many situations, students either cannot or will not respond. In the current article, we analyze the reasons students fail to respond. Practical procedures educators can use to prevent "can't do" problems are provided. "Won't do" problems are…

Skinner, Christopher H.; Pappas, Danielle N.; Davis, Kai A.

2005-01-01

326

Enhancing Innovative Partnerships: Creating a Change Model for Academic and Student Affairs Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents the results from a national survey examining a recent innovation in higher education partnerships between academic and student affairs. The focus was on what change process can best assist institutions in moving to this model, which helps increase student learning on campus.

Adrianna Kezar

2003-01-01

327

Using Cooperative Learning to Enhance the Academic and Social Experiences of Freshman Student Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred seven freshman student athletes in 17 different women's and men's intercollegiate sports were required to attend evening study sessions. The student athletes completed academic assignments and studied for tests primarily in cooperative learning groups. As gauges of the program's impact on the participants, 3 questionnaires were administered to a sample of 50 (25 women and 25 men). The

Bruce S. Dudley; David W. Johnson; Roger T. Johnson

1997-01-01

328

Purdue Signals: Mining Real-Time Academic Data to Enhance Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how Purdue University is changing the academic behavior of struggling students. At Purdue, they've developed Signals as a means of helping students better understand where they stand gradewise early enough so that they can seek help and raise their grade or drop the course without the penalty of a failing grade. They knew…

Pistilli, Matthew D.; Arnold, Kimberly E.

2010-01-01

329

Culturally Responsive Pedagogy for African American Students: Promising Programs and Practices for Enhanced Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic outcomes for African American students continue to lag behind their White, Latino, and Asian American counterparts. Culturally responsive pedagogy has been purported to be an intervention that may help to reverse the persistent under performance for African American students. This article highlights findings from a three-year study of…

Howard, Tyrone; Terry, Clarence L., Sr.

2011-01-01

330

Successfully accelerating translational research at an academic medical center: the University of Michigan-Coulter translational research partnership program.  

PubMed

Translational research encompasses the effective movement of new knowledge and discoveries into new approaches for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. There are many roadblocks to successful bench to bedside research, but few have received as much recent attention as the "valley of death". The valley of death refers to the lack of funding and support for research that moves basic science discoveries into diagnostics, devices, and treatments in humans, and is ascribed to be the result of companies unwilling to fund research development that may not result in a drug or device that will be utilized in the clinic and conversely, the fact that researchers have no access to the funding needed to carry out preclinical and early clinical development to demonstrate potential efficacy in humans. The valley of death also exists because bridging the translational gap is dependent on successfully managing an additional four risks: scientific, intellectual property, market, and regulatory. The University of Michigan (UM) has partnered with the Wallace H. Coulter Foundation (CF) to create a model providing an infrastructure to overcome these risks. This model is easily adoptable to other academic medical centers (AMCs). PMID:21167009

Pienta, Kenneth J

2010-12-01

331

Interactive Read-Alouds--An Avenue for Enhancing Children's Language for Thinking and Understanding: A Review of Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancing young children's early literacy achievement is a top priority in many countries. There is a considerable body of research demonstrating young children's language development as a critical factor in reading and later academic success. Implementation of high quality literacy instruction has the potential to improve literacy…

Lennox, Sandra

2013-01-01

332

How Can Teachers Increase Classroom Use of Academic Vocabulary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose for this action research study was to answer the question: "How can we enhance students' active engagement with academic vocabulary in social studies classes?" In this article, the authors share the strategies they developed through their research that proved most effective in engaging middle school students with active academic

Larson, Lisa; Dixon, Temoca; Townsend, Dianna

2013-01-01

333

Balancing Academic Teaching, Research, and Service: a Paradigm Emerging from NSF-TUES Sponsored Project Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As every academic administrator stresses in interviews with new faculty, the role of a professor today involves balancing three areas - teaching, research, and service. Few institutions can afford the old policy of promoting and tenuring faculty based solely on research output and grantsmanship, whilst ignoring poor teaching outcomes. Outreach activities involving parents and the extramural community are increasingly important as expensive universities and four-year colleges seek to demonstrate their relevance in the age of much less expensive community colleges and distance education. Nevertheless, many faculty complain that teaching and outreach duties compete for their valuable research time. Some fields of research have such broad impacts that they merit the dedicated time of our best scientists. However, other research projects constitute little more than publicly funded professorial hobbies. The challenge is to reliably identify and prioritize the research questions that merit investigation. IN ODU's geospatial visualization group, we instituted a policy requiring Ph.D. theses to include a component (at least one chapter) dedicated to the development and testing of learning resources. TAs test visualizations in their lab sections in tandem with their research studies. They must incorporate original geophysical mapping, modeling, and/or analysis in order to justify a degree in the Physics Department (the traditional home of Geophysics at our institution) rather than, say, the College of Education. Geospatial graduate students also train to offer planetarium presentations to the public using digital full-dome projection technology that can be used with a wide range of geoscience and planetary science topics. Thus they tackle the three aspects of academic work from the outset. In contrast, students in other programs frequently serve as TAs in their first and then switch to grant-supported RA work, resulting in a steady stream of new TAs with little or no training. Our policy has lead to the emergence of a paradigm for academic inquiry. We develop and test learning resources to cover the gamut of earth and planetary sciences, which we view as the science of four-dimensional place-time. Our learning objects emphasize the role of visualization in promoting understanding. If these resources fail to achieve desired outcomes, we look into their design but also examine our own understanding of topics, since instructor misconceptions are an obvious hindrance to learning. Redesign of visualizations may improve outcomes but sometimes the problem lies not with presentation or content knowledge, but rather with gaps in the science itself. Thus teaching and public outreach can become vehicles for the discovery of fertile research questions. Dissemination of a policy that eastablishes teaching and service as bridges leading to research products has the potential to generate transformative changes in the education that graduate students deliver and thus the education that undergraduate students receive.

De Paor, D. G.

2012-12-01

334

How Are Academic Age, Productivity and Collaboration Related to Citing Behavior of Researchers?  

PubMed Central

References are an essential component of research articles and therefore of scientific communication. In this study we investigate referencing (citing) behavior in five diverse fields (astronomy, mathematics, robotics, ecology and economics) based on 213,756 core journal articles. At the macro level we find: (a) a steady increase in the number of references per article over the period studied (50 years), which in some fields is due to a higher rate of usage, while in others reflects longer articles and (b) an increase in all fields in the fraction of older, foundational references since the 1980s, with no obvious change in citing patterns associated with the introduction of the Internet. At the meso level we explore current (2006–2010) referencing behavior of different categories of authors (21,562 total) within each field, based on their academic age, productivity and collaborative practices. Contrary to some previous findings and expectations we find that senior researchers use references at the same rate as their junior colleagues, with similar rates of re-citation (use of same references in multiple papers). High Modified Price Index (MPI, which measures the speed of the research front more accurately than the traditional Price Index) of senior authors indicates that their research has the similar cutting-edge aspect as that of their younger colleagues. In all fields both the productive researchers and especially those who collaborate more use a significantly lower fraction of foundational references and have much higher MPI and lower re-citation rates, i.e., they are the ones pushing the research front regardless of researcher age. This paper introduces improved bibliometric methods to measure the speed of the research front, disambiguate lead authors in co-authored papers and decouple measures of productivity and collaboration. PMID:23145111

Milojevic, Stasa

2012-01-01

335

Knowledge Generation: We generate new knowledge through academic research to find more effective ways of managing our society's human and environmental resources.  

E-print Network

Knowledge Generation: We generate new knowledge through academic research to find more effective our knowledge stagnates. Support for the creation and dissemination of academic research helps us of social marketing. Researchers attend from around the globe, sharing their knowledge and learning from

Morris, Joy

336

Research Motives of Faculty in Academic STEM: Measurement Invariance of the Research Motivation Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the psychometric properties of the Research Motivation Scale (RMS) in a sample of faculty members (N = 337) in university science departments. It was hypothesized that the RMS would evidence partial measurement invariance across tenure status and noninvariance across gender, given the different sociocultural factors (e.g.,…

Deemer, Eric D.; Mahoney, Kevin T.; Ball, Jacqueline Hebert

2012-01-01

337

Building research administration applications for the academic health center: a case study.  

PubMed

The academic health center information environment is saturated with information of varying quality and overwhelming quantity. The most significant challenge is transforming data and information into knowledge. The University of Cincinnati Medical Center's (UCMC) focus is to develop an information architecture comprising data structures, Web services, and user interfaces that enable individuals to manage the information overload so that they can create new knowledge. UCMC has accomplished much of what is reported in this article with the help of a four-year Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS) operation grant awarded by the National Library of Medicine in 2003. In the UCMC vision for knowledge management, individuals have reliable, secure access to information that is filtered, organized, and highly relevant for specific tasks and personal needs. Current applications and tool sets will evolve to become the next generation knowledge management applications or smart digital services. When smart digital services are implemented, silo applications will disappear. A major focus of UCMC's IAIMS grant is research administration. Testing and building out existing and new research administration applications and digital services is underway. The authors review UCMC's progress and results in developing a software architecture, tools, and services for research administration. Included are sections on the evolution to full integration, the impact of the work at UCMC to date, lessons learned during this research and development process, and future plans and needs. PMID:16249302

Guard, J Roger; Brueggemann, Ralph F; Highsmith, Robert F; Marine, Stephen A; Riep, Josette R; Schick, Leslie C

2005-11-01

338

A Community Translational Research Pilot Grants Program to Facilitate Community-Academic Partnerships: Lessons From Colorado's Clinical Translational Science Awards  

PubMed Central

Background National growth in translational research has increased the need for practical tools to improve how academic institutions engage communities in research. Methods One used by the Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (CCTSI) to target investments in community-based translational research on health disparities is a Community Engagement (CE) Pilot Grants program. Innovative in design, the program accepts proposals from either community or academic applicants, requires that at least half of requested grant funds go to the community partner, and offers two funding tracks: One to develop new community–academic partnerships (up to $10,000), the other to strengthen existing partnerships through community translational research projects (up to $30,000). Results and Conclusion We have seen early success in both traditional and capacity building metrics: the initial investment of $272,742 in our first cycle led to over $2.8 million dollars in additional grant funding, with grantees reporting strengthening capacity of their community–academic partnerships and the rigor and relevance of their research. PMID:22982851

Main, Deborah S.; Felzien, Maret C.; Magid, David J.; Calonge, B. Ned; O'Brien, Ruth A.; Kempe, Allison; Nearing, Kathryn

2013-01-01

339

Industrial research enhancement program at the National Synchrotron Light Source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Industrial research has attracted more and more attention recently at synchrotron facilities. Bringing the state-of-the-art research capabilities provided by these facilities to the industrial user community will help this community to improve their products and processing methods, to foster competition and build the economy. The National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) has a long and celebrated history in research partnerships with industry since its inception more than 25 years ago, and both industry and the facility have benefited tremendously from these partnerships. Over the years, the ways in which industrial research is conducted at synchrotron facilities have evolved significantly, and a new paradigm of collaboration between industry and facilities is clearly needed to address this changing situation. In this presentation, the discussion will focus on an enhancement plan recently implemented at the NSLS to address industrial users' concerns and needs. The goal of NSLS Industrial Program Enhancement plan is to encourage greater use of synchrotron tools by industry researchers, improve access to NSLS beamlines by industrial researchers and facilitate research collaborations between industrial researchers and NSLS staff as well as researchers from university and government laboratories. Examples of recent developments in these areas will be presented.

Wang, Jun; Nasta, Kathleen; Kao, Chi-Chang

2011-09-01

340

Research Ethics and Participatory Research in an Interdisciplinary Technology-Enhanced Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This account identifies some of the tensions that became apparent in a large interdisciplinary technology-enhanced learning project as its members attempted to maintain their commitment to responsive, participatory research and development in naturalistic research settings while also "enacting" these commitments in formal research review…

Tracy, Frances; Carmichael, Patrick

2010-01-01

341

RESEARCH PAPER Enhancing Compassion: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Enhancing Compassion: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Compassion Cultivation in cultivating positive emotional states and qualities. One particular target is compassion, but it is not yet clear whether compassion can be trained. A community sample of 100 adults were randomly assigned to a 9

Gross, James J.

342

RESEARCH PAPER Enhancing Compassion: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

E-print Network

RESEARCH PAPER Enhancing Compassion: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Compassion Cultivation and qualities. One particular target is compassion, but it is not yet clear whether compassion can be trained, participants completed self-report inven- tories that measured compassion for others, receiving compassion from

Gross, James J.

343

Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needs and Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and biomass burning are the dominant contributors to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) concentrations and global warming. Many approaches to mitigating CO{sub 2} emissions are being pursued, and among the most promising are terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. Recent advances in ecology and microbial biology offer promising new possibilities for enhancing terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. A workshop was held October 29, 2007, at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) on Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration (BECS). The workshop participants (approximately 30 scientists from California, Illinois, Oregon, Montana, and New Mexico) developed a prioritized list of research needed to make progress in the development of biological enhancements to improve terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. The workshop participants also identified a number of areas of supporting science that are critical to making progress in the fundamental research areas. The purpose of this position paper is to summarize and elaborate upon the findings of the workshop. The paper considers terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration separately. First, we present a summary in outline form of the research roadmaps for terrestrial and geologic BECS. This outline is elaborated upon in the narrative sections that follow. The narrative sections start with the focused research priorities in each area followed by critical supporting science for biological enhancements as prioritized during the workshop. Finally, Table 1 summarizes the potential significance or 'materiality' of advances in these areas for reducing net greenhouse gas emissions.

Oldenburg, Curtis; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Torn, Margaret S.

2008-03-21

344

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

in common that bilateral research cooperation appears to be a matter of course. Both are mountain countries authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research. The Swiss-Austrian Alliance for Mountain Research

Borsdorf, Axel

345

Review of Experimental Research on Academic Learning by Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability in General Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature on academic learning in general education settings for students with moderate and severe intellectual disability was conducted. A total of 17 experimental studies was identified and evaluated using quality indicators for single-case design research. Studies that met or met with reservation the criteria established for…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.; Wood, Leah A.

2013-01-01

346

Structural Equation Models of Management and Decision-Making Styles with Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Malaysian Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the effect of management and decision-making styles on the job satisfaction of academic staff in a Malaysian Research University. Design/methodology/approach: The sample consisted of 218 respondents. The instruments used in the study were the Teacher Job Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Decision…

Amzat, Ismail Hussein; Idris, Datuk Abdul Rahman

2012-01-01

347

The Impact of Pell Grants on Academic Outcomes for Low-Income California Community College Students. MPR Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether financial aid, specifically federal Pell grants, is associated with academic success for low-income community college students in California. Previous studies in this series of MPR Research Briefs have examined transfer patterns and the types of financial aid typically received by students in this sector. This report…

Woo, Jennie H.

2009-01-01

348

Academic Rigour, Managerial Relevance and Triangulation of Research Methods: A Perspective of Expectations Fulfilment in Postgraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing high-quality human capital and advancing existing knowledge stocks are crucial for the competitive advantage of a nation. The authors argue that offering postgraduate programmes that give great emphasis to academic rigour, managerial relevance and the triangulation of research methods is vital if these ends are to be achieved. They…

Hui, Loi Teck; Fatt, Quek Kia

2008-01-01

349

Research Insights from a Decade of Campus-Wide Implementation of Web-Supported Academic Instruction at Tel Aviv University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the scope and outcomes of Virtual TAU, a campus-wide project that aims to integrate information and communication technologies into the academic instruction at Tel Aviv University (TAU). It provides data, insights, and conclusions drawn from various research and evaluation studies that were conducted at the university during…

Nachmias, Rafi; Ram, Judith

2009-01-01

350

Has Academic Freedom Survived? An Interview Study of the Conditions for Researchers in an Era of Paradigmatic Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European universities are being shaken by two revolutions. One is a radical change in the way research is funded, the other is the increased emphasis on the teaching role of the universities. This interview study examines what effects these radical institutional changes have had on academic freedom. Based on a small number of in-depth interviews…

Bennich-Bjorkman, Li

2007-01-01

351

Research in Accrediting Efforts (Project REA). An Assessment of Awarding Academic Credit for Employment Training Activities in Illinois. Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes and provides selected findings from Project REA (Research in Accrediting Efforts), which studied various aspects of manpower training under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) in Illinois. The first section outlines the goals of Project REA in identifying avenues for job training, methods for granting academic

Adams, Frank G.

352

Research Experience for Undergraduates: an International Program Enhancing Interdisciplinary Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This NSF-funded research experience for undergraduates (REU) took place in South Africa, where gold mines provided outstanding field sites to investigate biogeochemical processes in deep subsurface environments. Underrepresented minorities were encouraged to participate. Cross-disciplinary training was a major ambition for this REU Site: Biogeochemical Educational Experiences - South Africa. Students were selected from diverse academic disciplines (biology, chemistry, and geology) to participate in this interdisciplinary research program. Research projects included characterizing microbial communities with molecular and biochemical techniques, cultivating microorganisms, utilizing geochemical and isotopic parameters to constrain nutrient cycling in groundwater, investigating extreme enzymes and examining functional genes. During the REU, students collected biofilms and fissure water emanating from gas-rich boreholes in 2-3 km deep mines and performed laboratory research in teams under joint mentorship of U.S. and South African scientists. Research teams consisted of three to five students with at least one student from each country and at least two of the disciplines represented. Team membership reflected students' ranking of their choices among mentor-proposed projects. The REU encouraged students to increase scientific knowledge across disciplines, improve oral and written communication skills, and explore cultural and international challenges for scientific research in the global community. Each research team presented oral progress reports to the other research teams to provide communication skill development and to provide a forum for data exchange and interpretation among the various disciplines. Oral communication training culminated in a public presentation by each team at a university/industry science symposium. Mentors reviewed students' writing skills as they prepared text on experimental design, research findings, data interpretation, and literature reviews, leading to final team reports in manuscript format. Students learned how their research contributes to the big picture of biogeochemical processes in the mines. The group research teams and the forums for discussion allowed the students to gain interdisciplinary knowledge and expanded thought processes and views of interdisciplinary research. Thirty-two undergraduates from three countries have participated in this program. Several students are continuing their REU-initiated research as senior thesis projects at their home institutions; some are applying for graduate study in biogeochemistry, and others have started graduate studies.

Pfiffner, S. M.; Davis, K. L.; Phelps, T. J.; Kieft, T. L.; Gihring, T. M.; Onstott, T. C.; Nthangeni, B.; Piater, L.; van Heerden, E.

2004-12-01

353

76 FR 54408 - Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing Protections for Research Subjects and Reducing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary 45 CFR...Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 50 and 56 Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing...Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in coordination with...

2011-09-01

354

Necessity for Industry-Academic Economic Geology Collaborations for Energy Critical Minerals Research and Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic geology is a highly interdisciplinary field utilizing a diverse set of petrologic, geochemical, geophysical, and tectonic data for improved scientific understanding of element migration and concentration in the crust (ore formation). A number of elements that were once laboratory curiosities now figure prominently in new energy technologies (e.g. wind turbines, solar energy collectors). If widely deployed, such technologies have the capacity to transform the way we produce, transmit, store, and conserve energy. To meet domestic and worldwide renewable energy needs these systems must be scaled from laboratory, to demonstration, to widespread deployment. Such technologies are materials intensive. If widely deployed, the elements required by these technologies will be needed in significant quantities and shortage of these "energy critical elements" could significantly inhibit the adoption of otherwise game changing energy technologies. It is imperative to better understand the geology, metallurgy, and mining engineering of critical mineral deposits if we are to sustainably develop these new technologies. There is currently no consensus among federal and state agencies, the national and international mining industry, the public, and the U.S. academic community regarding the importance of economic geology to secure sufficient energy critical elements to undertake large-scale renewable energy development. Available federal funding for critical elements focuses on downstream areas such as metallurgy, substitutions, and recycling rather than primary deposits. Undertaking the required research to discover and mine critical element deposits in an environmentally friendly manner will require significant partnering with industry due to the current lack of federal research support.

Hitzman, M.

2012-12-01

355

Demonstrate the Model and Evaluation of Geoscience Research At Storm Peak (GRASP), a Field Research Experience Designed to Enhance Diversity in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geoscience Research at Storm Peak (GRASP) has created an exceptional field-research experience, with both remote and urban settings, for a diverse group of undergraduate students. GRASP is supported by the National Science Foundation's Opportunity for Enhancing Diversity in Geoscience (OEDG) Program. In 2011, GRASP accepted a third cohort. To date, twenty-two students have participated in GRASP. The program exposed GRASP participants to potential careers in the geosciences and provided them with an authentic research experience at Storm Peak Laboratory. Storm Peak Laboratory, a high elevation atmospheric science research facility, is located in Steamboat Springs, Colorado. The GRASP participants were selected based on academic excellence with their scientific disciplines and interest in careers pursing research. They are an interdisciplinary group including majors in engineering, chemistry, geology, and meteorology. Multiple evaluation methods were employed using both qualitative and quantitative techniques in order to examine the impacts and effects of GRASP on participants. Results will be presented.

Hallar, A. G.; Mccubbin, I. B.; Lynds, S. E.; Dodson, C.

2012-12-01

356

Female Academics' Research Capacities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Socio-Cultural Issues, Personal Factors and Institutional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 2010, an interdisciplinary group of female academics from a university in the Kurdistan region of Iraq initiated a collaborative research project with a UK university to investigate opportunities and challenges for female academics' research leadership in universities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. The project aimed to develop…

Masika, Rachel; Wisker, Gina; Dabbagh, Lanja; Akreyi, Kawther Jameel; Golmohamad, Hediyeh; Bendixen, Lone; Crawford, Kirstin

2014-01-01

357

NATIONAL ACADEMIC ADVISING ASSOCIATION WHAT IS NACADA?  

E-print Network

NATIONAL ACADEMIC ADVISING ASSOCIATION WHAT IS NACADA? The National Academic Advising Association and funding for research related to academic advising. NACADA member services include regional and national

Arnold, Jonathan

358

Enhancing peer cultures of academic effort and achievement in early adolescence: promotive effects of the SEALS intervention.  

PubMed

Peer cultures of effort and achievement influence early adolescents' academic adjustment. A randomized controlled trials design was used to test the extent to which aspects of peer cultures of effort and achievement were enhanced following teachers' participation in the Supporting Early Adolescents' Learning and Social Success (SEALS) intervention. Observational and survey data from teachers (N = 188) and survey data from 6th-graders (N = 2,453) in 36 rural schools across the United States were analyzed. Results indicated that in SEALS versus matched control schools, social prominence was more favorably associated with effort and school valuing, and peer group injunctive norms were more supportive of effort and achievement. Findings indicate that aspects of peer cultures respond to the school context and provide evidence of the efficacy of the SEALS model. PMID:23647418

Hamm, Jill V; Farmer, Thomas W; Lambert, Kerrylin; Gravelle, Maggie

2014-01-01

359

To What Extent Is Academic Entrepreneurship Taken for Granted within Research Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We test the hypothesis that academic entrepreneurship, resisted in the past by some as being in conflict with the long-standing Mertonian norms of open science and free enquiry, has now become widely accepted within the academy, or "taken for granted", as an institutional shift. Using responses to a series of attitudinal questions about academic

Goldstein, Harvey A.

2010-01-01

360

University Articulation, 1985-86 Academic Year: Provincial Report. Research Report 87-01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information is provided on the academic performance and program selections of students transferring from community colleges in British Columbia (BC) to the three BC universities during the 1985-86 academic year, with reference to information from preceding years. Data for college transfer students are compared to data for direct-entry students…

Forrester, G. C.; Hamaura, R.

361

Sustainability Challenge for Academic Libraries: Planning for the Future College and Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing concern that a variety of factors threaten the sustainability of academic libraries: developing and preserving print and digital collections, supplying and supporting rapidly changing technological and networking infrastructure, providing free services, maintaining growing costs of library buildings and lowering libraries' ecological footprint. This paper discusses the multi- dimensional issues of sustainability in academic libraries and identifies needs

Maria Anna Jankowska

362

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research. Bidirectional delivery of organic matter between authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.bioone.org) is an electronic aggregator of bioscience research content, and the online home to over 160 journals and books

Northern British Columbia, University of

363

A Council on Undergraduate Research Workshop Initiative to Establish, Enhance, and Institutionalize Undergraduate Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of undergraduate research workshop to significantly enhance the quality of undergraduate science education was cited as one of the goals by the National Science Foundations (NSF) Strategic Plan. To address this strategic national need, the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) has granted an NSF course, curriculum, and laboratory…

Karukstis, Kerry K.

2006-01-01

364

Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices constitute relational work and professional and organizational identity work. By elucidating the ongoing relational and identity work of UIR participants in the social construction of autonomous academic science, I seek to make the interdependencies between the state, experts and private economic interests more visible, specifically in terms of their collective interest in the status and public credibility of academic science.

Biscotti, Dina Louise

365

Capacity Needs in Community-Based Organizations for Enhancing Translational Research in Puerto Rico  

PubMed Central

Background In an effort to form and sustain community–academic partnerships (CAPs) to enhance clinical and translational research, an assessment of needs for selecting and implementing evidence-based programs (EBPs) was conducted among a group of community-based organizations (CBOs) throughout Puerto Rico. Methods The survey was based on an instrument developed by the Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network. It assessed specific service information, program selection/implementation processes, knowledge and perception of EBPs, funding venues, evaluation processes, and capacity and training needs. Recruitment consisted of contacting 100 nonprofit organizations in Puerto Rico that work or address specific health areas, namely, cancer, neurological disorders, HIV, and cardiovascular health. Results The survey revealed wide variability in understanding what constitutes an EBP. Training needs for building a productive translational research process also were identified. Prominent among these were securing funding for ongoing operations, utilizing data for decision making, developing collaborations, managing information, conducting community needs assessments, and program evaluation. Conclusions These findings point to important implications for promoting community–campus partnerships for advancing clinical and translational research. PMID:24859102

Martinez, Giovanni; Sardinas, Lili M.; Acosta-Perez, Edna; Medina, Lizbeth; Rivera, Mirza; Pattatucci, Angela

2014-01-01

366

Action learning enhances professional development of research supervisors: an Australian health science exemplar.  

PubMed

The worldwide academic workforce is ageing. At the same time, health and human services workforces are expanding. The preparation of educators to fill gaps in expertise and to position the health sciences for future growth is an urgent need. The findings from a recent action learning project that aimed to enhance the professional growth and development of higher degree researcher student supervisors in a School of Health and Human Sciences are presented. Seven early career researchers and the facilitator met for two hours every two to three weeks over 4 months between April and July 2010, in a rural and regional university in New South Wales, Australia. The processes initiated were a combination of experiential knowledge, referral to relevant published reports, use of an effective supervision checklist, and critical conversations. Learning outcomes centered on higher degree management and supervision pedagogy, communities of practice, knowledge translation, and the establishment of a research culture. The contextual barriers and implications of the methodology and learning outcomes for the professional development of health and human science practitioners, researchers and educators is also discussed. PMID:22303872

Davis, Kierrynn; Brownie, Sonya; Doran, Frances; Evans, Sue; Hutchinson, Marie; Mozolic-Staunton, Beth; Provost, Stephen; van Aken, Rosalie

2012-03-01

367

Building Academic Skills in Context: Testing the Value of Enhanced Math Learning in CTE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental study tested a model for enhancing mathematics instruction in five high school career and technical education (CTE) programs (agriculture, auto technology, business/marketing, health, and information technology). The model consisted of a pedagogy and intense teacher professional development. Volunteer CTE teachers were randomly…

Stone, James R., III; Alfeld, Corinne; Pearson, Donna; Lewis, Morgan V.; Jensen, Susan

2006-01-01

368

Enhancing School-Based Prevention and Youth Development through Coordinated Social, Emotional, and Academic Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews a broad range of evidence indicating that school-based prevention and youth development interventions are most beneficial when they simultaneously enhance students' personal and social assets and improve the quality of the environments in which students are educated. Asserts that school-based prevention programming--based on coordinated…

Greenberg, Mark T.; Weissberg, Roger P.; O'Brien, Mary Utne; Zins, Joseph E.; Fredericks, Linda; Resnik, Hank; Elias, Maurice J.

2003-01-01

369

Building Academic Skills in Context: Testing the Value of Enhanced Math Learning in CTE. Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the conduct and outcomes of an experimental pilot study conducted in Spring 2004 to develop and test a model that aimed to enhance career and technical education (CTE) instruction with the mathematics already embedded in the curricula of six occupational areas. Although present in the CTE curriculum, math is largely implicit…

Stone, James R., III; Alfeld, Corinne; Pearson, Donna; Lewis, Morgan V.; Jensen, Susan

2005-01-01

370

The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

2009-01-01

371

The Changing Academic Profession in International and Quantitative Perspectives: A Focus on Teaching & Research Activities. Report of the International Conference on the Changing Academic Profession Project, 2010. RIHE International Seminar Reports. No.15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Institute for Higher Education in Hiroshima University started a program of research on the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) in 2005. The fourth and final conference was held in Hiroshima in January 2010. The following papers are presented at the conference: (1) Differentiation and Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning in…

Research Institute for Higher Education, Hiroshima University (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

372

Academic Outcomes for Children Born Preterm: A Summary and Call for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developmental outcomes for children born preterm have been examined by many, with results unequivocally indicating that\\u000a children born preterm tend to have poorer cognitive outcomes and more developmental difficulties. Less attention has been\\u000a paid to academic outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to review the academic skills assessment of children born preterm,\\u000a examine the methodologies used to ascertain

Milena Keller-Margulis; Allison Dempsey; Ashlie Llorens

2011-01-01

373

A grounded theory study on the academic success of undergraduate women in science, engineering, and mathematics fields at a private, research university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This grounded theory study revealed the common factors of backgrounds, strategies, and motivators in academically successful undergraduate women in science, engineering, and mathematics (SEM) fields at a private, research university in the West. Data from interviews with 15 women with 3.25 or better grade point averages indicated that current academic achievement in their college SEM fields can be attributed to previous academic success, self awareness, time management and organizational skills, and maintaining a strong support network. Participants were motivated by an internal drive to academically succeed and attend graduate school. Recommendations are provided for professors, advisors, and student affairs professionals.

Hroch, Amber Michelle

374

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research. Pitcher Plants (Sarracenia) Provide a 21st DOI 10.1600/036364414X681473 Date of publication 05/27/2014 Pitcher Plants (Sarracenia) Provide a 21st authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders

375

Legacy model integration for enhancing hydrologic interdisciplinary research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many challenges are introduced to interdisciplinary research in and around the hydrologic science community due to advances in computing technology and modeling capabilities in different programming languages, across different platforms and frameworks by researchers in a variety of fields with a variety of experience in computer programming. Many new hydrologic models as well as optimization, parameter estimation, and uncertainty characterization techniques are developed in scripting languages such as Matlab, R, Python, or in newer languages such as Java and the .Net languages, whereas many legacy models have been written in FORTRAN and C, which complicates inter-model communication for two-way feedbacks. However, most hydrologic researchers and industry personnel have little knowledge of the computing technologies that are available to address the model integration process. Therefore, the goal of this study is to address these new challenges by utilizing a novel approach based on a publish-subscribe-type system to enhance modeling capabilities of legacy socio-economic, hydrologic, and ecologic software. Enhancements include massive parallelization of executions and access to legacy model variables at any point during the simulation process by another program without having to compile all the models together into an inseparable 'super-model'. Thus, this study provides two-way feedback mechanisms between multiple different process models that can be written in various programming languages and can run on different machines and operating systems. Additionally, a level of abstraction is given to the model integration process that allows researchers and other technical personnel to perform more detailed and interactive modeling, visualization, optimization, calibration, and uncertainty analysis without requiring deep understanding of inter-process communication. To be compatible, a program must be written in a programming language with bindings to a common implementation of the message passing interface (MPI), which includes FORTRAN, C, Java, the .NET languages, Python, R, Matlab, and many others. The system is tested on a longstanding legacy hydrologic model, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), to observe and enhance speed-up capabilities for various optimization, parameter estimation, and model uncertainty characterization techniques, which is particularly important for computationally intensive hydrologic simulations. Initial results indicate that the legacy extension system significantly decreases developer time, computation time, and the cost of purchasing commercial parallel processing licenses, while enhancing interdisciplinary research by providing detailed two-way feedback mechanisms between various process models with minimal changes to legacy code.

Dozier, A.; Arabi, M.; David, O.

2013-12-01

376

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

377

Batting 300 is Good: Perspectives of Faculty Researchers and their Mentors on Rejection, Resilience, and Persistence in Academic Medical Careers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Professional rejection is a frequent experience in an academic medical career. The authors sought to understand how rejection affects those pursuing such careers and why some individuals may be more resilient than others in a population of individuals with demonstrated ability and interest in research careers. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described a variety of experiences with criticism and rejection in their careers, as well as an acute need for persistence and resilience in the face of such challenges. Through their narratives, participants also vividly described a range of emotional and behavioral responses to their experiences of professional rejection. Their responses illuminated the important roles that various factors, including mentoring and gender, play in shaping the ultimate influence of rejection on their own careers and on the careers of those they have mentored. Conclusions Responses to rejection vary considerably, and negative responses can lead promising individuals to abandon careers in academic medicine. Resilience does not, however, appear to be immutable—it can be learned. Given the frequency of experiences with rejection in academic medicine, strategies such as training mentors to foster resilience may be particularly helpful in improving faculty retention in academic medicine. PMID:23425991

DeCastro, Rochelle; Sambuco, Dana; Ubel, Peter A.; Stewart, Abigail; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

378

Stroke Treatment Academic Industry Roundtable Research Priorities in the Assessment of Neurothrombectomy Devices  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose The goal of the Stroke Treatment Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) meetings is to advance the development of stroke therapies. At STAIR VIII, consensus recommendations were developed for clinical trial strategies to demonstrate the benefit of endovascular reperfusion therapies for acute ischemic stroke. Summary of Review Prospects for success with forthcoming endovascular trials are robust, because new neurothrombectomy devices have superior reperfusion efficacy compared with earlier-generation interventions. Specific recommendations are provided for trial designs in 3 populations: (1) patients undergoing intravenous fibrinolysis, (2) early patients ineligible for or having failed intravenous fibrinolysis, and (3) wake-up and other late-presenting patients. Among intravenous fibrinolysis–eligible patients, key principles are that CT or MRI confirmation of target arterial occlusions should precede randomization; endovascular intervention should be pursued with the greatest rapidity possible; and combined intravenous and neurothrombectomy therapy is more promising than neurothrombectomy alone. Among patients ineligible for or having failed intravenous fibrinolysis, scientific equipoise was affirmed and the need to randomize all eligible patients emphasized. Vessel imaging to confirm occlusion is mandatory, and infarct core and penumbral imaging is desirable in later time windows. Additional STAIR VIII recommendations include approaches to test multiple devices in a single trial, utility weighting of disability end points, and adaptive designs to delineate time and tissue injury thresholds at which benefits from intervention no longer accrue. Conclusions Endovascular research priorities in acute ischemic stroke are to perform trials testing new, highly effective neurothrombectomy devices rapidly deployed in patients confirmed to have target vessel occlusions. PMID:24193797

Saver, Jeffrey L.; Jovin, Tudor G.; Smith, Wade S.; Albers, Gregory W.

2014-01-01

379

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written to support the excellence in teaching required to bring about learning of the highest quality. Chapters seek to offer the best practical advice in teaching, learning, and assessment, as well as references to research findings. An introductory section sets out the purpose of the book and examines the changing role and place of…

Fry, Heather, Ed.; Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.

380

Podcasts and Mobile Assessment Enhance Student Learning Experience and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to combine podcasts of lectures with mobile assessments (completed via SMS on mobile telephones) to assess the effect on examination performance. Students (n = 100) on a final year, research-led, module were randomly divided into equal sized control and trial groups. The trial group were given access to podcasts/mobile…

Morris, Neil P.

2010-01-01

381

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, aimed primarily at the inexperienced teacher in higher education, but useful also for the more experienced faculty member, provides practical advice on teaching, learning, and assessment that incorporates recent research findings. Following a "User's Guide" (Heather Fry, Steve Ketteridge, and Stephanie Marshall), the chapters of…

Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve; Marshall, Stephanie

382

The Developing Utility of Zebrafish Models for Cognitive Enhancers Research  

PubMed Central

Whereas cognitive impairment is a common symptom in multiple brain disorders, predictive and high-throughput animal models of cognition and behavior are becoming increasingly important in the field of translational neuroscience research. In particular, reliable models of the cognitive deficits characteristic of numerous neurobehavioral disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia have become a significant focus of investigation. While rodents have traditionally been used to study cognitive phenotypes, zebrafish (Danio rerio) are gaining popularity as an excellent model to complement current translational neuroscience research. Here we discuss recent advances in pharmacological and genetic approaches using zebrafish models to study cognitive impairments and to discover novel cognitive enhancers and neuroprotective mechanisms. PMID:23449968

Stewart, Adam Michael; Kalueff, Allan V

2012-01-01

383

[AGIKO (Clinical Research Fellow); a training model aimed at enhancement of clinical scientific research].  

PubMed

The enhancement of clinical scientific research in the Netherlands is being stimulated to a substantial extent by the introduction and stimulation of a training model aimed at the combined training of physicians to both a general practitioner or specialist and a clinical researcher, the AGIKO (Clinical Research Fellow). The model has been recognized by the Central College for Recognition and Registration of Medical Specialists. Extra stimulation by the section Medical Sciences of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (MW-NWO) makes it possible to appoint AGIKOs on second or third flows of funds but also within the first flow of funds. During the last two years, 25 AGIKO applications from ten medical specialisms have been approved. The AGIKO model may help to meet (expected) needs for future clinical-medical research workers in specific research areas. PMID:9380169

van Rees-Wortelboer, M M; Lamberts, S W; Klasen, E C

1997-06-21

384

"Building a Mystery": Alternative Research Writing and the Academic Act of Seeking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a series of alternatives to the modernist research paper: the argumentative research paper, the personal research paper, the research essay, and the multi-genre/media/disciplinary/cultural research paper. Addresses theoretical implications of alternative research writing strategies. (NH)

Davis, Robert; Shadle, Mark

2000-01-01

385

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

SciTech Connect

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research is a multi-year collaborative effort with the New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (NMPRRC), to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. Results from the wettability research will be applied to determine if alteration of wettability is a significant contributing mechanism for MEOR systems. Eight facultatively anaerobic surfactant producing isolates able to function in the reservoir conditions of the Minnelusa A Sands of the Powder River Basin in Wyoming were isolated from naturally occurring oil-laden environments. Isolates were characterized according to morphology, thermostability, halotolerance, growth substrates, affinity to crude oil/brine interfaces, degradative effects on crude oils, and biochemical profiles. Research at the INEL has focused on the elucidation of microbial mechanisms by which crude oil may be recovered from a reservoir and the chemical and physical properties of the reservoir that may impact the effectiveness of MEOR. Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 (ATCC 39307) has been used as a benchmark organism to quantify MEOR of medium weight crude oils (17.5 to 38.1{degrees}API) the capacity for oil recovery of Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 utilizing a sucrose-based nutrient has been elucidated using Berea sandstone cores. Spacial distribution of cells after microbial flooding has been analyzed with scanning electron microscopy. Also the effect of microbial surfactants on the interfacial tensions (IFT) of aqueous/crude oil systems has been measured. 87 refs., 60 figs., 15 tabs.

Thomas, C.P.; Bala, G.A.; Duvall, M.L.

1991-07-01

386

2012 Cyber Security Expo Report A National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education & Research  

E-print Network

2012 Cyber Security Expo Report A National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Annual Cyber Security Expo at its FedEx Institute of Technology (FIT) on October 19, 2012. The Expo is the capstone event of the University's Cyber Security Awareness Month program and has drawn participants from

Memphis, University of

387

The Unequal Benefits of Academic Patenting for Science and Engineering Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase of university patents has raised issues of potential conflicts of interest in Faculty activities. Nonetheless, recent empirical evidence has indicated that very productive scientists contribute disproportionally to academic patenting and that inventing is likely to encourage an increase in scientific productivity. This article adds to this evidence by showing that such beneficial effects are not likely to be

Mario Calderini; Chiara Franzoni; Andrea Vezzulli

2009-01-01

388

Researching glossy topics: the case of the academic study of celebrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The launch of Celebrity Studies journal represents an ideal opportunity to reflect upon the general trajectory of celebrity as an academic topic. This is a particularly pressing task given the increasingly uncertain socio-economic conditions within which we find ourselves. To this end, we draw upon the recorded outputs of the academy to provide a quantitative visualisation of the study of

David Beer; Ruth Penfold-Mounce

2010-01-01

389

Poor and Rich: Student Economic Stratification and Academic Performance in a Public Research University System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One sees various efforts in developed as well as in developing economies to seek a greater participation of lower-income students in their nation's leading universities. Once lower-income students do enroll in a highly selective institution, what happens to them? How well do they do academically when compared to their more wealthy counterparts?…

Douglass, John; Thomson, Gregg

2012-01-01

390

The RAP: A Recreational Activities Project, Academic Service-Learning Course and Qualitative Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author (a university instructor) and her community partner (a public school teacher) have collaborated in teaching an academic service-learning course in special education. This collaboration, the RAP (recreational activities project), was completed by university undergraduate students and young adults with cognitive impairment and/or…

Parker, Kathlyn

2009-01-01

391

Asynchronous interface between a finite element commercial software ABAQUS and an academic research code HEREZH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to describe an efficient method to connect two independent softwares so as to jointly use best qualities of each software around a complex problem solved by the finite element method (FEM). This connection makes it possible to extend quickly and easily the applicability of new models developed in academic softwares, by their simultaneous use

G. Rio; H. Laurent; G. Blès

2008-01-01

392

Academic Progress of Community College Nursing Aspirants: An Institutional Research Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The community college is a major site preparing students for nursing careers, an important role at a time of a national shortage. However, many of the low socioeconomic status (SES), minority students who aspire to associates degrees in nursing display low levels of academic preparedness. An analysis of 3-year institutional data from a single…

Perin, Dolores

2006-01-01

393

Comparative Perpectives on Academic Governance in Mexico. Yale Higher Education Research Group Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of the history and current state of higher education in Mexico provides perspectives on the distribution of academic power and authority, both within institutions and in the system as a whole. The power structure may be explained in terms of six tiers of power from the department to the national government. The considerable power of…

Levy, Daniel

394

Staying or Going? Australian Early Career Researchers' Narratives of Academic Work, Exit Options and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian universities will lose a substantial proportion of their staff through retirement over the next decade. A recent study has indicated that attrition of academic staff that are not at the end of their career may exacerbate the problem. To assist in developing appropriate retention strategies, this article examines the ways in which early…

Petersen, Eva Bendix

2011-01-01

395

Expanding Beyond Academics: Who Benefits and How? Trends in Education Research. Issue Brief. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief summarizes the findings of Mathematica's Valuing Competencies study, which analyzed the effects of students' high school competencies on their postsecondary earnings and educational attainment. The effects of several competency measures, including academic achievement (as captured by test scores) and composite measures of leadership…

Deke, John; Haimson, Joshua

2006-01-01

396

Understanding Faculty Perceptions of the Future: Action Research for Academic Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of this study was to aid academic librarians in examining their perceptions of the future of higher education, engaging disciplinary faculty members to understand their views, and determining actions to take to shape the future. In this mixed methods study, scenarios about the future of higher education served as the basis for…

Malenfant, Kara Josephine

2011-01-01

397

Academic Faculty in University Research Centers: Neither Capitalism's Slaves nor Teaching Fugitives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses university-industry interactions for both educational and industrial outcomes. The results suggest that while academic faculty who are affiliated with centers are more involved with industry than non-affiliated faculty, affiliates are also more involved with and supportive of students at the undergraduate, graduate, and…

Bozeman, Barry; Boardman, Craig

2013-01-01

398

A Psychological Autopsy of the Suicide of an Academically Gifted Student: Researchers' and Parents' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of an academically gifted college student who committed suicide resulted in three sets of findings: those that reflected exclusively on the subject's life, those that compared his life with 3 previous psychological autopsies conducted, and those that reflected the parents' observations and experiences of his life. (Contains…

Cross, Tracy L.; Gust-Brey, Karyn; Ball, P. Bonny

2002-01-01

399

Planning for the Enhancement of Research Productivity in a College or University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advancement of academic resarch productivity should be accomplished systematically using the following five steps: (1) determine the research fit within the institutional mission; (2) identify the extent of research involvement; (3) identify necessary staff and associated costs; (4) allocate institutional funds; and (5) monitor and evaluate…

Tack, Martha W.; Heberlein, Garrett T.

1987-01-01

400

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders, Davidson College, Biology Dept., Davidson, NC 28035; phone: (704) 894-2692; fax: (704) 894-2512; e to alter the output of cells for important applications in medicine, energy, technology

Campbell, A. Malcolm

401

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www .geneticmarkerservices.com) to develop an enriched library and to design and test microsatellite primer pairs. Enrichment, (AC)17, (AAC)10, (CCG)10, (CTG)10, and (AAT)10. Eighteen positive library colonies were selected

Zürich, Universität

402

Establishing and sustaining research partnerships in Africa: a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north–south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease. Established in 2006 with seed funding from the British Academy, the partnership aimed to bring together multidisciplinary chronic disease researchers based in the UK and Africa to collaborate on research, inform policymaking, train and support postgraduates and create a platform for research dissemination. We review the partnership’s achievements and challenges, applying established criteria for developing successful partnerships. During the funded period we achieved major success in creating a platform for research dissemination through international meetings and publications. Other goals, such as engaging in collaborative research and training postgraduates, were not as successfully realised. Enabling factors included trust and respect between core working group members, a shared commitment to achieving partnership goals, and the collective ability to develop creative strategies to overcome funding challenges. Barriers included limited funding, administrative support, and framework for monitoring and evaluating some goals. Chronic disease research partnerships in low-income regions operate within health research, practice, funding and policy environments that prioritise infectious diseases and other pressing public health and developmental challenges. Their long-term sustainability will therefore depend on integrated funding systems that provide a crucial capacity building bridge. Beyond the specific challenges of chronic disease research, we identify social capital, measurable goals, administrative support, creativity and innovation and funding as five key ingredients that are essential for sustaining research partnerships. PMID:22897937

2012-01-01

403

Establishing and sustaining research partnerships in Africa: a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease.  

PubMed

This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north-south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease. Established in 2006 with seed funding from the British Academy, the partnership aimed to bring together multidisciplinary chronic disease researchers based in the UK and Africa to collaborate on research, inform policymaking, train and support postgraduates and create a platform for research dissemination. We review the partnership's achievements and challenges, applying established criteria for developing successful partnerships. During the funded period we achieved major success in creating a platform for research dissemination through international meetings and publications. Other goals, such as engaging in collaborative research and training postgraduates, were not as successfully realised. Enabling factors included trust and respect between core working group members, a shared commitment to achieving partnership goals, and the collective ability to develop creative strategies to overcome funding challenges. Barriers included limited funding, administrative support, and framework for monitoring and evaluating some goals. Chronic disease research partnerships in low-income regions operate within health research, practice, funding and policy environments that prioritise infectious diseases and other pressing public health and developmental challenges. Their long-term sustainability will therefore depend on integrated funding systems that provide a crucial capacity building bridge. Beyond the specific challenges of chronic disease research, we identify social capital, measurable goals, administrative support, creativity and innovation and funding as five key ingredients that are essential for sustaining research partnerships. PMID:22897937

de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Arhinful, Daniel K; Pitchforth, Emma; Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Allotey, Pascale; Agyemang, Charles

2012-01-01

404

Academic Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded as part of the Backdoor Broadcasting Company, Academic service "specializes in web-casting academic conferences, symposia, public lectures, workshops, and seminars in order to further the dissemination of academic research." Visitors can listen in to the fruits of their labors on this site, which includes both live broadcasts, and a range of archived events. It's easy to get started here, and visitors can click on the "Archive" to view some of their past events. Some of their latest additions include "Teaching History in Deep Time", "States of Mind: Development and the Life Cycle", and noted author Alain de Botton commenting on "The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work". Another nice feature of the site is that visitors can view a list of upcoming events and take a look at their interactive calendar.

405

TableofContentsAcademicServicesandSupport Table of Contents Academic Services  

E-print Network

TableofContents­AcademicServicesandSupport 78 Table of Contents ­ Academic Services and Support VII. Academic Services and Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Academic Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 · Institute for Social Research (ISR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 · Learning and Study

406

Library Research and Statistics. Research on Libraries and Librarianship in 2002; Number of Libraries in the United States and Canada; Highlights of NCES Surveys; Library Acquisition Expenditures, 2001-2002: U.S. Public, Academic, Special, and Government Libraries; LJ Budget Report: A Precarious Holding Pattern; Price Indexes for Public and Academic Libraries; Library Buildings 2002: The Building Buck Doesn't Stop Here.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes seven reports that discuss research on libraries and librarianship, including academic, public, and school libraries; awards and grants; number of libraries in the United States and Canada; National Center for Education Statistics results; library expenditures for public, academic, special, and government libraries; library budgets; price…

Lynch, Mary Jo; Oder, Norman; Halstead, Kent; Fox, Bette-Lee

2003-01-01

407

Enhancing Students Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, the public was expressing discontent about the declining of students' test scores and the quality of public schooling. The federal government eventually began discussing and debating for education reform and the No Child Left Behind of 2001 was finally passed and signed by President…

Rulloda, Rudolfo Barcena

2011-01-01

408

78 FR 35323 - Solicitation for a Cooperative Agreement-Gender-Informed Research (Women): Enhanced Approaches to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agreement--Gender-Informed Research (Women): Enhanced Approaches to Project Development...gender-informed knowledge specific to women that will both inform a future research...research applies to both justice- involved women and men, and the incorporation of...

2013-06-12

409

The effectiveness of a self-enhancement intervention designed to raise aspirations and academic achievement in primary school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consistently we encounter the assertion that self-esteem\\/self-efficacy and academic performance\\/aspirations are positively related and, therefore, it makes sense to raise students' self-esteem\\/self-efficacy if we want them to perform better. However, if we assume that self-esteem and self-efficacy are really unequivocal producers of increased academic attainment and raised aspirations (and there is much debate as to whether they are) it remains

Amanda Hughes; David Galbraith; Mark Torrance

410

Academic freedom and academic-industry relationships in biotechnology.  

PubMed

Commercial academic-industry relationships (AIRs) are widespread in biotechnology and have resulted in a wide array of restrictions on academic research. Objections to such restrictions have centered on the charge that they violate academic freedom. I argue that these objections are almost invariably unsuccessful. On a consequentialist understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on unfounded empirical claims about the overall effects that AIRs have on academic research. And on a rights-based understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on excessively lavish assumptions about the kinds of activities that academic freedom protects. PMID:17036444

Streiffer, Robert

2006-06-01

411

Academic Values And Academic Practice In The New Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports some data of an ARC funded study of academic staff in a number of disciplines in colleges of advanced education and universities. Generally, more university than college academics scored high on academic motivation, on teaching?research synergy and promotion of student independence, with college academics scoring higher on good teaching practice. There are disciplinary differences, too.Slightly more than

Ingrid Moses; Paul Ramsden

1992-01-01

412

Academic and Social Motivational Influences on Students' Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss ways in which aspects of academic and social motivation interact to influence student's academic performance. Research on academic and social motivational constructs is reviewed, focusing on students' ability and efficacy beliefs, control beliefs, achievement values, and achievement goal orientations. Relations between academic and social motivational processes are discussed, as well as how motivational processes from both domains might

Kathryn R. Wentzel; Allan Wigfield

1998-01-01

413

Enhancing Human Health Using Space Imagery: Summary of Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space University (ISU) 2002 Summer Session was conducted in Pomona, California, June 29-August 30, 2002. Ninety-nine professionals and students from thirty-one countries attended the Summer Session. More than half of these students participated in the Student Research Design Project entitled, "HI-STAR: Health Improvements through Space Technologies and Resources." ISU's interdisciplinary Student Research Design Projects are intended to have great educational value for the participants and, at the same time, to result in a product that will be useful to the field. The HI-STAR project was a success on both counts. The mission of the ISU students' effort on HI-STAR was to develop and promote a global strategy to help combat malaria using space technology. Like the tiny yet powerful mosquito, HI-STAR is a small program that aspires to make a difference. Timely detection of malaria danger zones is essential to help health authorities and policy makers make decisions about how to manage limited resources for combating malaria. In 2001, the technical support network for prevention and control of malaria epidemics published a study called "Malaria Early Warning Systems: Concepts, Indicators and Partners." This study, funded by Roll Back Malaria, a World Health Organization initiative, offered a framework for a monitoring and early warning system. HI-STAR seeks to build on this proposal and enhance the space elements of the suggested framework. Malaria disease dynamics and distributions are related to environmental variables. From space, environmental conditions that support the growth of mosquito populations can be monitored, Malaria-specific information can be gathered from satellite-borne remote sensing instruments and ground-based sensors. This information can be integrated via geographic information systems (GIS) into a Malaria Information System (MIS) that can provide assessment analyses and risk maps as output. HI-STAR defines and suggests the development of an active MIS as a low-cost tool to help organizations plan their efforts to fight malaria.

Finarelli, Margaret G.

2002-01-01

414

The Service Environment for Enhanced Knowledge and Research (SEEKR) Framework  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Service Environment for Enhanced Knowledge and Research (SEEKR) Framework is a configurable service oriented framework to enable the discovery, access and analysis of data shared in a community. The SEEKR framework integrates many existing independent services through the use of web technologies and standard metadata. Services are hosted on systems by using an application server and are callable by using REpresentational State Transfer (REST) protocols. Messages and metadata are transferred with eXtensible Markup Language (XML) encoding which conform to a published XML schema. Space Physics Archive Search and Extract (SPASE) metadata is central to utilizing the services. Resources (data, documents, software, etc.) are described with SPASE and the associated Resource Identifier is used to access and exchange resources. The configurable options for the service can be set by using a web interface. Services are packaged as web application resource (WAR) files for direct deployment on application services such as Tomcat or Jetty. We discuss the composition of the SEEKR framework, how new services can be integrated and the steps necessary to deploying the framework. The SEEKR Framework emerged from NASA's Virtual Magnetospheric Observatory (VMO) and other systems and we present an overview of these systems from a SEEKR Framework perspective.

King, T. A.; Walker, R. J.; Weigel, R. S.; Narock, T. W.; McGuire, R. E.; Candey, R. M.

2011-12-01

415

Research the American Way: The Role of US Elites in Disseminating and Legitimizing Canadian Academic Accounting Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines authorship distribution in a premiere Canadian-based research journal, Contemporary Accounting Research (CAR). It provides empirical evidence of a strong US elite dominance in the research agenda of a non-US research community. This is illustrated through a consistently higher proportion of authorship representation and participation of US elites (measured by doctoral origins) in CAR and its associated Conference.

Sandy Q. Qu; Shujun Ding; Shelley M. Lukasewich

2009-01-01

416

Research Priorities in the Seminary Professorate: Scholarly Research and Academic Writing as Criterion for Rank Advancement in Graduate Theological Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to surface definitions for scholarly research employed in Association of Theological Schools seminaries, identify the application of scholarly research as a criteria for rank advancement, and form a scholarly research productivity reference point. The research revealed that while definitions of scholarly…

Bell, Skip

2005-01-01

417

Australian Universities Quality Agency Setting and Monitoring Academic Standards for Australian Higher Education  

E-print Network

Higher Education Discussion Paper, May 2009 Innovative Research Universities (IRU) Australia Response Dr to setting and monitoring academic standards for Australian higher education. IRU Australia acknowledges Review of Higher Education that `Australia must enhance its capacity to demonstrate outcomes

418

Understanding Methodological and Disciplinary Differences in the Data Practices of Academic Researchers  

E-print Network

remain consistent, the materials available to investigate those questions, the tools available to analyze materials, and the methods for disseminating results of that analysis have all shifted in recent years. As part of the campus research... between researchers who employ different research methodologies. Data practices based on research methodologies are important for librarians and data archivists to understand because the methods determine how the researchers interact with their data. A...

Weller, Travis; Monroe-Gulick, Amalia

2014-01-01

419

Language Matters: The Supply of and Demand for UK Born and Educated Academic Researchers with Skills in Languages Other Than English. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses concerns that the future of the UK's world class research base might be threatened by the decline in modern language learning and calls for a series of measures by Universities and Government bodies to address this danger. It investigates evidence for the role of language skills in academic research in the humanities and…

Levitt, Ruth; Janta, Barbara; Shehabi, Ala'a; Jones, Daniel; Valentini, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

420

Evaluation of a Community-Based Participatory Research Consortium from the Perspective of Academics and Community Service Providers Focused on Child Health and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A process evaluation of a consortium of academic researchers and community-based service providers focused on the health and well-being of children and families provides empirical and practice-based evidence of those factors important for community-based participatory research (CBPR). This study draws on quantitative ratings of 33 factors…

Pivik, Jayne R.; Goelman, Hillel

2011-01-01

421

A Decade of Quiet: The Failure of Academic Research To Explore Public Broadcasting in the United States during the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic community in the United States for the most part has failed over the past decade to focus its attention on the preservation and improvement of the American public broadcasting system, either through institutionally cooperative, sponsored research or independently generated work. That public broadcasting research has been neglected…

Ivers, Susan C.; Clift, Charles E.

422

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

423

The Effects of an Inquiry-Internet Research Project on Motivation, Self-Efficacy, and Academic Autonomy in Heterogenously Grouped High School Latin I Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to analyze and induce change to lessen the achievement gap in heterogeneously grouped high school Latin classes where some students may be at academic risk, due to insufficient knowledge, inability to connect with the subject, and poor performances. The researcher engaged in action research, a branch of qualitative…

Wagman, Janet Campbell

2005-01-01

424

A Consortium for Enhanced Access to Patented Research Tools: Japanese Policy and Proposal of a Novel Scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, in Japan and other developed countries, massive amounts of research funds, including government funds, are being poured into basic research conducted by universities and public research institutions in the area of life science. From such academic research, a number of innovations ultimately leading to the development of new medicines are attained. However, the existence of patents for research tools

Koichi Sumikura

2007-01-01

425

Giving Voice to the Academe: Rich Food for Thought in the Quest for Quality Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports and analyses findings from a qualitative study that explored the impact of organizational policy, cultures and support structures on the research pathways of early career researchers within one Australian university. The author captured the perspectives and experiences of six early and six senior researchers and examined the…

Wingrove, Dallas

2012-01-01

426

Research Commentary. Establishing Mathematics Education as an Academic Field: A Constructive Odyssey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leslie Steffe, among the foremost mathematics education researchers in the world, has had a profound influence on three generations of researchers. In 2006, he received the first-ever Senior Scholar Award from the AERA Special Interest Group: Research in Mathematics for the excellence and seminal nature of his work. Steffe shares his thoughts…

Steffe, Leslie P.

2013-01-01

427

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

428

Intensification of University-Industry Relationships and Its Impact on Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the intensification of university-industry relationships and its impact on university research. The paper consists of recent follow-up research to an international comparative research project conducted in the 1990s. It deals specifically with the Quebec (Canada) situation. Twenty-eight in-depth interviews were conducted in the…

Crespo, Manuel; Dridi, Houssine

2007-01-01

429

Promoting Academic Literacy among Secondary English Language Learners: A Synthesis of Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a synthesis of research, challenges, and best practices in the education of secondary English Learners (ELs). It incorporates a summary of three days of presentations and discussions by key national experts in the spring of 2005, observations and findings from our own research, and key issues from the research literature. The report…

Maxwell-Jolly, Julie; Gandara, Patricia; Mendez Benavidez, Lina

2007-01-01

430

Incidence and Effect of Acute Kidney Injury After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Using the New Valve Academic Research Consortium Criteria  

PubMed Central

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with a poor prognosis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). A paucity of data exists regarding the incidence and effect of AKI after TAVR using the new recommended Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria. At Columbia University Medical Center, 218 TAVR procedures (64.2% transfemoral, 35.8% transapical) were performed from 2008 to July 2011. The creatinine level was evaluated daily until discharge. Using the Valve Academic Research Consortium definitions, the 30-day and 1-year outcomes were compared between patients with significant AKI (AKI stage 2 or 3) and those without significant AKI (AKI stage 0 or 1). Significant AKI occurred in 18 patients (8.3%). Of these 18 patients, 10 (55.6%) had AKI stage 3 and 9 (50%) required dialysis. AKI was associated with a lower baseline mean transvalvular gradient (37.6 ± 11.4 vs 45.6 ± 14.8 mm Hg for no AKI, p = 0.03). After TAVR, the AKI group had a greater hemoglobin decrease (3.6 ± 2.0 vs 2.4 ± 1.3 g/dl, p = 0.01), greater white blood cell elevation at 72 hours (21.09 ± 12.99 vs 13.18 ± 4.82 × 103/?l, p = 0.001), a more severe platelet decrease (118 ± 40 vs 75 ± 43 × 103/?l, p <0.0001), and longer hospitalization (10.7 ± 6.4 vs 7.7 ± 8.5 days, p <0.001). One stroke (5.6%) occurred in the AKI group compared with 3 (1.5%) in the group without AKI (p = 0.29). The 30-day and 1-year rates of death were significantly greater in the AKI group than in the no-AKI group (44.4% vs 3.0%, hazard ratio 18.1, 95% confidence interval 6.25 to 52.20, p <0.0001; and 55.6% vs 16.0%, hazard ratio 6.32, 95% confidence interval 3.06 to 13.10, p <0.0001, respectively). Periprocedural life-threatening bleeding was the strongest predictor of AKI after TAVR. In conclusion, the occurrence of AKI, as defined by the Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria, is associated with periprocedural complications and a poor prognosis after TAVR. PMID:23040657

Genereux, Philippe; Kodali, Susheel K.; Green, Philip; Paradis, Jean-Michel; Daneault, Benoit; Rene, Garvey; Hueter, Irene; Georges, Isaac; Kirtane, Ajay; Hahn, Rebecca T.; Smith, Craig; Leon, Martin B.; Williams, Mathew R.

2013-01-01

431

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. Final report, Annex 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this project was to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. An order of magnitude analysis indicated that selective plugging and the production of biosurfactants are the two most likely mechanisms for the mobilization of oil in microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). The latter, biosurfactant production, is easier to control within

M. M. Sharma; G. Gerogiou

1993-01-01

432

The Causal Ordering of Self-Concept and Academic Motivation and Its Effect on Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical questions in educational psychology research to be addressed in this paper concern the casual relationship between academic self-concept, academic motivation and its effect on academic achievement. Do changes in academic self-concept and academic motivation lead to changes in subsequent academic achievement? Various studies have attempted…

Green, Jasmine; Nelson, Genevieve; Martin, Andrew J.; Marsh, Herb

2006-01-01

433

On How Editors of Academic Journals at Institutions of Higher Learning Should Resist Academic Corruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic corruption is a hot issue in today's society. "Academic corruption" means that certain individuals in academic circles, driven by the desire for personal gain, resort to various kinds of nonnormative and unethical behavior in academic research activities. These include: academic self-piracy, academic piracy, copying and plagiarism,…

Jing, Xiao

2007-01-01

434

Learning Style, Academic Belief Systems, Self-report Student Proficiency and Academic Achievement in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both learning style and academic belief systems have been identified as significant factors contributing to academic achievement. This paper evaluates the efficacy of teaching and learning in higher education by investigating the relationship between students assessment of their own academic proficiency (in this case Research Methods Proficiency [RMP]), learning style, academic locus of control, academic self-efficacy and academic achievement. First

Simon Cassidy; Peter Eachus

2000-01-01

435

An Examination of Pre-Entry and Academic Performance Factors that Predict Persistence for Academically Underprepared Students at a Public Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine student demographic, family characteristics, pre-college, and college academic factors that predict persistence between freshmen students who were placed or not placed in remediation courses. The participants for this study were comprised of 3,213 first-time, full-time and part-time, degree-seeking freshmen…

Stewart, Sheilynda F.

2010-01-01

436

What's the Value of an Academic Library? The Development of the ACRL Value of Academic Libraries Comprehensive Research Review and Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the process undertaken in the US during 2009/10 in developing a major report on the value of academic libraries. A summary of the key findings and recommendations from the report are also provided. While very much focused on the US situation, the author feels the findings may well have resonance elsewhere,…

Oakleaf, Megan

2011-01-01

437

Building Community in Academic Settings: The Importance of Flexibility in a Structured Mentoring Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic mentoring is increasingly being used by many universities as a tool to enhance the quality of research-led teaching, promote cross-faculty collaboration and encourage a mentoring culture and community. This article reports on a pilot project established to investigate the benefits of building flexibility into a structured academic

Ewing, Robyn; Freeman, Mark; Barrie, Simon; Bell, Amani; O'Connor, Donna; Waugh, Fran; Sykes, Chris

2008-01-01

438

Mentoring Urban Black Middle School Male Students: Implications for Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have called for innovative and culturally responsive intervention programs to enhance male, Black middle school students' academic achievement. Mentoring has received considerable attention as a novel remedy. Although anecdotal evidence supports the positive role of mentoring on academic achievement, these results are not consistent.…

Gordon, Derrick M.; Iwamoto, Derek K.; Ward, Nadia; Potts, Randolph; Boyd, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

439

Digital Storytelling for Enhancing Student Academic Achievement, Critical Thinking, and Learning Motivation: A Year-Long Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of Digital storytelling (DST) on the academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation of senior high school students learning English as a foreign language. The one-year study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design involving 110 10th grade students in two English…

Yang, Ya-Ting C.; Wu, Wan-Chi I.

2012-01-01

440

Enhancing student learning in sport management through applied research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regarding business research methods, Zikmund (2002) differentiates between basic (pure) research, which is intended to expand the boundaries of knowledge through the development of concepts and theories, and applied research, which is undertaken to address specific problems or situations. As stated by the author, both types of research employ the scientific method to better understand business phenomena; albeit to varying

Heather Lawrence; Athena Yiamouyiannis; Patrick Moran

2008-01-01

441

IS SERVICE-LEARNING EFFECTIVE?: A LOOK AT CURRENT RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of service-learning in higher education is related to the way it both helps students achieve personal and academic goals and serves broader institutional goals of civic engagement for students and outreach to communities (Campus Compact 2000). This article looks closely at current research assessing the impact of academic service-learning in such areas as enhanced academic learning, instructional effectiveness,

Clayton A. Hurd

442

Academic Collaborative Centre Limburg: a platform for knowledge transfer and exchange in public health policy, research and practice?  

PubMed

Research findings often fail to find their way into policy and practice, which is assumed to limit the effectiveness of public health policies and programmes. We evaluated to what extent the Academic Collaborative Centre Limburg (ACCL), a Dutch boundary organization linking policy, research and practice, has improved knowledge transfer and exchange between the three domains. We used a mixed-methods approach. First, stakeholders jointly defined the ACCL's programme theory, showing how the ACCL was supposed to achieve its intended effects. Second, we assessed the achievements of the ACCL in terms of knowledge transfer and exchange on the basis of the programme theory. The ACCL was found to provide a platform for interaction between actors from the policy, research and practice domains, facilitated by integrated network structures. The number of collaborative projects and actors involved in the ACCL increased, but actual cross-domain interaction patterns did not really change. Cross-domain knowledge transfer and exchange still require major boundary-spanning efforts by the ACCL programme leader. Boundary organizations do not automatically produce cross-domain interactions. In addition to infrastructural arrangements, cross-domain knowledge transfer and exchange could benefit from additional cultural changes, like adopting a deliberative approach to policy making and applying constructivist research designs. PMID:23642789

Hoeijmakers, Marjan; Harting, Janneke; Jansen, Maria

2013-07-01

443

[Productivity and academic assessment in the Brazilian public health field: challenges for Human and Social Sciences research].  

PubMed

This article analyzes some challenges for knowledge output in the human and social sciences in the public health field, under the current academic assessment model in Brazil. The article focuses on the qualitative research approach in human and social sciences, analyzing its status in comparison to the other traditions vying for hegemony in the public health field, conjugating the dialogue with the literature, especially the propositions pertaining to the social fields present in the work of Pierre Bourdieu, with elements concerning the field's dynamics, including some empirical data. Challenges identified in the article include hurdles to interdisciplinary dialogue and equity in the production of knowledge, based on recognition of the founding place of human and social sciences in the public health field. The article discusses strategies to reshape the current correlation of forces among centers of knowledge in public health, especially those capable of impacting the committees and agendas that define the accumulation of symbolic and economic capital in the field. PMID:23288072

Bosi, Maria Lúcia Magalhães

2012-12-01

444

Annals of Operations Research 130, 163178, 2004 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands.  

E-print Network

European Air Traffic Flow Manage- ment (ATFM) has to face. French en-route Air Traffic Control (ATC in The Netherlands. Graph Coloring for Air Traffic Flow Management NICOLAS BARNIER and PASCAL BRISSET {barnier Abstract. The aim of Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) is to enhance the capacity of the airspace while

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Outlining Purposes, Stating the Nature of the Present Research, and Listing Research Questions or Hypotheses in Academic Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Driving research questions from the prevailing issues and interests and developing from them new theories, formulas, algorithms, methods, and designs, and linking them to the interests of the larger audience is a vital component of scientific research papers. The present article discusses outlining purposes or stating the nature of the present…

Shehzad, Wasima

2011-01-01

446

Enhancing Research in the Chemical Sciences at Predominantly Undergraduate Institutions: Recommendations of a Recent Undergraduate Research Summit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges faced by the predominantly undergraduate institutions (PUI) due to the changing landscape of higher education and research are described. An Undergraduate Research Summit recommends methods for the enhancement of the amount, quality, productivity and visibility of chemistry research at predominantly undergraduate institutions (PUI).

Karukstis, Kerry K.; Wenzel, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

447

Personal Photo Enhancement Using Example Images Microsoft Research  

E-print Network

Processing and Computer Vision] Enhancement; I.4.4 [Image Processing and Computer Vision]: Restoration camera movement, an incorrect camera setting, or poor lighting. Such imperfections in the photographic

Jaffe, Jules

448

Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and research are often seen as activities that compete for a faculty member's time and energy. This perceived disconnect between teaching and research has been reinforced by a number of norms within the academy as well as by institutional practices related to how faculty are managed and rewarded. This article argues that teaching and…

Balkin, David B.; Mello, Jeffrey A.

2012-01-01

449

Border Crossings: Research Training, Knowledge Dissemination and the Transformation of Academic Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the crossroads of current innovation policies towards a European Research Area (ERA) and a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) lies an important province of higher learning and research: doctoral training and the further careers of PhD graduates. A considerable number of higher education systems across Europe shift their paradigms for…

Enders, Jurgen

2005-01-01

450

Research Connections: The San Diego Striving Readers' Project: Building Academic Success for Adolescent Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research Connections column describes the background to and the research base for the San Diego Unified School Districts' federally funded Striving Readers Project. The curriculum for the project was developed out of a longitudinal study into the literacy experiences of secondary students in New Zealand and from exploratory work in San Diego…

McDonald, Trevor; Thornley, Christina; Staley, Rosemary; Moore, David W.

2009-01-01

451

Academic Incentives for Faculty Participation in Community-based Participatory Research  

PubMed Central

Recognizing the need to overcome the obstacles of traditional university- and discipline-oriented research approaches, a variety of incentives to promote community-based participatory research (CBPR) are presented. Experiences of existing CBPR researchers are used in outlining how this methodological approach can appeal to faculty: the common ground shared by faculty and community leaders in challenging the status quo; opportunities to have an impact on local, regional, and national policy; and opening doors for new research and funding opportunities. Strategies for promoting CBPR in universities are provided in getting CBPR started, changing institutional practices currently inhibiting CBPR, and institutionalizing CBPR. Among the specific strategies are: development of faculty research networks; team approaches to CBPR; mentoring faculty and students; using existing national CBPR networks; modifying tenure and promotion guidelines; development of appropriate measures of CBPR scholarship; earmarking university resources to support CBPR; using Institutional Review Boards to promote CBPR; making CBPR-oriented faculty appointments; and creating CBPR centers. PMID:12848841

Nyden, Philip

2003-01-01

452

Raising the Bar on External Research Funding: Infrastructure and Strategies for Enhancing Faculty Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators seek faculty who have the expertise to secure external funding to support their research agenda. Administrators also seek strategies to support and enhance faculty productivity across different ranks. In this manuscript, we describe the infrastructure we established and strategies we implemented to enhance the research enterprise at…

Chval, Kathryn B.; Nossaman, Larry D.

2014-01-01

453

Ess Enhancing e-learning by integrating Research Group Social media and knowledge management  

E-print Network

Ess Enhancing e-learning by integrating Research Group Social media and knowledge management (KM), e-learning, and social media (SM) are three different research fields. Integration of KM with social media may be expected enhances e-learning. KM connects with e-learning in terms of subject matter

Southampton, University of

454

Measuring Academic Motivation of Matriculating College Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administered the Academic Motivation Scale to three successive classes of college freshmen (N=944). Results indicated the Academic Motivation Scale's reliability was more than adequate for research use and significantly related to validity criteria reflecting motivation for academic work. (JAC)

Baker, Robert W.; Siryk, Bohdan

1984-01-01

455

Office for UMore Park Academic Initiatives-Summer Research 2010 UMore Park and Energy  

E-print Network

prices increased after the construction of an affordable rental housing complex. Researchers also Incentives in Affordable Housing: Developer to Homeowner Leslie Theiste Summer Internship 2010 #12;i. Office Introduction to Affordable, Green Housing.............2 Developers

Netoff, Theoden

456

The Quality in Quantity - Enhancing Text-based Research -  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computers are becoming more and more a tool for researchers in the humanities. There are already several projects which aim to implement environments and infrastructures to support research. However, they either address qualitative or quantitative research methods, and there has been less work considering support for both methodologies in one environment. This paper analyzes the difference between qualitative and quantitative research in the humanities, outlines some examples and respective projects, and states why the support for both methodologies needs to be combined and how it might be used to form an integrated research infrastructure for the humanities.

Harms, Patrick; Smith, Kathleen; Aschenbrenner, Andreas; Pempe, Wolfgang; Hedges, Mark; Roberts, Angus; Ács, Bernie; Blanke, Tobias

457

The Administrator as Superhero: A Commentary on Balkin and Mello's "Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a way to achieve better alignment of the ongoing teaching-research activity gap in business schools, David Balkin and Jeff Mello suggest that schools need to hire academic administrators with significantly developed management skills. The author responds to this recommendation with two concerns. First, many of the causes of the…

Lewicki, Roy J.

2012-01-01

458

Prediction of Academic Performance of the U.S. Navy Officer Students in Operations Research/Systems Analysis Curriculum at the Naval Postgraduate School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the U.S. Navy officer students who were registered in the Operations Research/System Analysis curriculum at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in spring, 1974, was conducted using biographical data, the Strong Vocational Interest Blank, and the Graduate Record Examination to develop an equation predicting academic performance of U.S.…

Soetrisno, Heru

459

The Impact of Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Organizational Climate on the Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Research-Intensive Universities in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on academics in research-intensive universities in the UK and explores their perceptions of organizational climate, role conflict, role ambiguity and job satisfaction. The findings suggest that the universities have multiple organizational climates. Three organizational climate types -- the Clan, the Hierarchy and the Adhocracy…

Schulz, John

2013-01-01

460

The Impact of Shadow Education on Student Academic Achievement: Why the Research Is Inconclusive and What Can Be Done about It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent decades have brought global expansion of private supplementary tutoring, widely known as shadow education. Such tutoring consumes considerable resources and is usually viewed by participating households as an investment that will increase the recipients' academic achievements. However, research on the effectiveness of tutoring has…

Bray, Mark

2014-01-01

461

The High-Technology Connection: Academic/Industrial Cooperation for Economic Growth. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative arrangements between academic institutions and industry are examined, with attention to linkages in high technology research and development (R&D), the commercial application of R&D (technology transfer), and the preparation and continuing development of scientific and engineering personnel. Incentives and barriers to campus/corporate…

Johnson, Lynn G.

462

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. Annex 5, Summary annual report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) investigation of the mechanisms of microbially induced oil mobilization; (2) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the

M. M. Sharma; G. Georgiou

1990-01-01

463

Enhancing international collaboration among early-career researchers  

PubMed Central

Objective The European Association of Communication in Healthcare (EACH) Early Career Researchers Network (ECRN) aims are to (1) promote international collaboration among young investigators and (2) provide a support network for future innovative communication research projects. In October 2009, Miami, USA at a workshop facilitated by the ECRN at the International Conference on Communication in Healthcare (ICCH) hosted by the American Academy of Communication in Healthcare we explored common facilitators and challenges faced by early career researchers in health communication research. Methods Attendees introduced themselves, their research area(s) of interest, and listed one facilitator and one barrier for their career development. EACH ECRN members then led a discussion of facilitators and challenges encountered in communication research projects and career development. We discussed potential collaboration opportunities, future goals, and activities. Results Having supportive collegial relationships, institutional support, job security, and funding are critical facilitators for early career investigators. Key challenges include difficulty with time management and prioritizing, limited resources, and contacts. Conclusion International collaboration among early career researchers is a feasible and effective means to address important challenges, by increasing opportunities for professional support and networking, problem-solving, discussion of data, and ultimately publishing. Practice Implications Future AACH-EACH Early Career Researcher Networks should continue to build collaborations by developing shared research projects, papers, and other scholarly products. PMID:20663630

Carroll, Jennifer K; Albada, Akke; Farahani, Mansoureh; Lithner, Maria; Neumann, Melanie; Sandhu, Harbinder; Shepherd, Heather L

2010-01-01

464

Making Sense of an Academic Library Web Site: Toward a More Usable Interface for University Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library patrons familiar with Web searching conventions often find library searching to be less familiar and even intimidating. This article describes and evaluates a series of usability research studies employing two different and popular methodologies: user-centered redesign and usability testing. Card sorting and affinity mapping were used to…

Kitalong, Karla Saari; Hoeppner, Athena; Scharf, Meg

2008-01-01

465

Information Literacy from the Trenches: How Do Humanities and Social Science Majors Conduct Academic Research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the ways in which students majoring in humanities and social sciences conceptualize and operationalize course-related re- s earch. Findings are presented from an information-seeking behavior study with data collected from student discussion groups, a student survey, and a content analysis of professors' research assignment handouts. Results indicate that students first use course readings and library resources for

Alison J. Head

466

The academic jungle: ecosystem modelling reveals why women are driven out of research  

E-print Network

of promotion and common research metrics. Two key differences between men and women are the larger role the model to provide insight into how women (and men) can pursue a career in academia while working part of the mechanisms behind the observed difference between male and female performance in common metrics

Chittka, Lars

467

Harvard University Research and Academic Centers FACULTY of ARTS and SCIENCES  

E-print Network

Latin America Research Center Healthcare Initiative Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness* BUSINESS for Evolutionary Dynamics Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies David Rockefeller Center for Latin Center for the Study of World Religions Women's Studies in Religion Program EDUCATION Achievement Gap

Prentiss, Mara

468

Evaluating the Efficiency of Research in Academic Departments: An Empirical Analysis in an Italian Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the efficiency of university departments in science, technology and medicine in an Italian Region (Lombardy). The aim of the paper is twofold: (i) to analyse the changes in productivity in recent years (from 2004 and 2007); and (ii) to detect factors that are potentially affecting efficiency. The research benefited from a…

Agasisti, Tommaso; Dal Bianco, Antonio; Landoni, Paolo; Sala, Alessandro; Salerno, Mario

2011-01-01

469

What motivates academic scientists to engage in research commercialization: ‘Gold’, ‘ribbon’ or ‘puzzle’?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper employs the three concepts of ‘gold’ (financial rewards), ‘ribbon’ (reputational\\/career rewards) and ‘puzzle’ (intrinsic satisfaction) to examine the extrinsic and intrinsic aspects of scientists’ motivation for pursuing commercial activities. The study is based on 36 individual interviews and an on-line questionnaire survey of 735 scientists from five major UK research universities. It finds that there is a diversity

Alice Lam

2011-01-01

470

Academic Benefits of Peer Tutoring: A Meta-Analytic Review of Single-Case Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer tutoring is an instructional strategy that involves students helping each other learn content through repetition of key concepts. This meta-analysis examined effects of peer tutoring across 26 single-case research experiments for 938 students in Grades 1-12. The TauU effect size for 195 phase contrasts was 0.75 with a confidence interval of…

Bowman-Perrott, Lisa; Davis, Heather; Vannest, Kimberly; Williams, Lauren; Greenwood, Charles; Parker, Richard

2013-01-01

471

The Reference Desk Survey: A Management Tool in an Academic Research Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a survey of the level of reference service requested at service points conducted at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University indicate that, while 20.5 percent of 14,026 questions recorded fall in the reference category, only 0.7 percent required research by professional librarians. Models of reference desk service and…

Kok, Victoria T.; Pierce, Anton B.

1982-01-01

472

Designing a Qualitative Research for Evaluation of English for Academic Purposes Activity in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based teacher education provides new knowledge within the knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation. Communicative competence is of the greatest importance which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission, 2004). The successful…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

473

Academic and Psychosocial Effects of Relaxation Training on Rural Preadolescents. Research Bulletin No. 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preadolescents are faced with a variety of pressures, but usually receive little help in stress management from the school. To examine the effects of relaxation training on rural middle school students (N = 532), researchers implemented a daily 15-minute program of relaxation training exercises on aduio tapes in the regular classroom setting. The…

Matthews, Doris B.

474

It is often the case that researchers spend most of their academic life informing students  

E-print Network

neurobiology and genetics to produce a new finding on the genetics of autism. Collaboration involves scientists about research opportunities that could provide direct benefits, for example, assessment or intervention to Discovery University Center for Excellence-- Response to Intervention and Learning Disabilities 4 9 11TRIAD

Sarkar, Nilanjan

475

Archimedes, reading, and the sustenance of academic research culture in library instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leisure, reflection, and creativity have sustained a culture of research and scholarship throughout much of academia’s history. This article argues that these cultural elements should be introduced to the present generation of undergraduates and contends that “deep” reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements.

Amanda Cain

2002-01-01

476

Enhancing Undergraduate Teaching and Research with a "Drosophila" Virginizing System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory exercises using "Drosophila" crosses are an effective pedagogical method to complement traditional lecture and textbook presentations of genetics. Undergraduate thesis research is another common setting for using "Drosophila." A significant barrier to using "Drosophila" for undergraduate teaching or research is the time and skill…

Venema, Dennis R.

2006-01-01

477

Excluded, not dismissed: enhancing benefit in clinical research  

PubMed Central

Participation in clinical research projects may allow an opportunity for early detection of covert diseases and subclinical disorders in asymptomatic volunteers from study-specific screening process. Exclusion of a potential participant due to failure to meet inclusion criteria eliminates any possibility of potential for research related benefit, as may exist for those that are deemed eligible and allowed to proceed with participation in the specific research study. Although the institutional bodies overseeing conduct of clinical research strive to ensure an ongoing scrutiny and prioritization of participants’ wellbeing, we perceive that these mechanisms fall short as regards the interests of those volunteers who are subsequently excluded from participation in clinical research of relevance. While provision of ancillary care to address health concerns that are unmasked during the screening process may be an optimal strategy, the likelihood of successfully implementing this latter concept in current times of fiscal constraints is slim to nonexistent. Through this submission, we hope to initiate a dialogue within the research community regarding whether the current paradigm of conduct of clinical research be modified to include some degree of consideration for the screened out. We herein propose that for those volunteering for disease/disorder specific clinical research, some added degree of benefit can be assured to the screened out population through the provision of targeted health education or counseling. PMID:22981957

Nardell, Maria; Chhabra, Akansha; Pal, Lubna

2012-01-01

478

Healthy Families America: Using Research to Enhance Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Healthy Families America (HFA) initiative seeks to expand the availability of high-quality, intensive home visitation services and to create communitywide com- mitments to these services and others that promote a supportive atmosphere for all new parents. This article briefly describes HFA's theoretical framework, its history, and its current status. The HFA Research Network, a partnership among researchers who are

Deborah A. Daro; Kathryn A. Harding

1999-01-01

479

Women in physics in Bulgaria-Enhancing research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bulgaria currently has a relatively high number of women in top positions at the governmental level, yet the presidents of the important universities and most of the directors of research institutions are male. Gender balance is driven by the need to improve research quality in interdisciplinary fields, where the similarities and differences between men and women in creativity and thought play a crucial role.

Proykova, Ana

2013-03-01

480

Development of an Electronic Research Permissions Management System to Enhance Informed Consents and Capture Research Authorizations Data  

PubMed Central

Informed consents are a critical and essential component of the clinical research process. Currently, most consents and research privacy authorizations are being captured on paper. In this paper we describe a novel method of capturing this information electronically. The objective is to allow easier tracking of research participants’ intent for current and future research involvement, enhance consent comprehension and facilitate the research workflow. After multidisciplinary analysis in key hospital registration areas and research participant enrollment, an open source software product was designed to capture this data through a user-friendly touch screen interface. The data may then be fed into a clinical data warehouse for use in cohort discovery or consent tracking. Despite ethical, legal and informatics challenges in clinical and research environments, we propose that this technology opens new avenues for significantly enhancing the consent process and positively impacting recruitment. PMID:24303263

Obeid, Jihad S.; Gerken, Katherine; Madathil, Kapil Chalil; Rugg, Daniel; Alstad, Colin E.; Fryar, Katrina; Alexander, Randall; Gramopadhye, Anand K.; Moskowitz, Jay; Sanderson, Iain C.

481

Fostering Education and Research Goals Through Partnerships Between Academic Programs and Geoinformatics Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geoinformatics resources are indispensable tools for researchers and educators at the forefront of geoscience. One example is PetDB (http://www.petdb.org) which serves as a data resource and reference in a broad suite of studies of the solid earth and is cited in over 160 peer-reviewed articles. The ongoing success of geochemical and petrological database projects, such as PetDB, SedDB, and the EarthChem Deep Lithosphere dataset depends on addressing disciplinary interest and scientific need. A new generation of scientists who understand and utilize online data resources therefore possess a unique advantage over researchers with limited experience using online databases in that they can help shape the way the resources evolve. In an effort to foment awareness and further research goals, students and faculty from the University of Texas at Dallas, Rutgers University, and Columbia University have partnered with researchers at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory to provide training in the use and development of geochemical databases to undergraduate and graduate students. Student internships lasting between 6 weeks and two months consisted of familiarization with relational databases at every level. Internships were developed to extend and apply students' prior knowledge to the development of data resources, to nurture interest in geochemistry and petrology, and to encourage students into pursuing graduate studies by engaging them in current scientific topics. Students were mentored one-on-one and assigned to data compilation in specific topics with the intent of providing background in the literature that can be used in future research papers. Outcomes of the internships include the development of a new petrological dataset of samples from the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP), expansion of a database of mantle xenoliths (EarthChem Deep Lithosphere Dataset) that will serve as a major component to a doctoral dissertation, and the development of a classification for mantle peridotites. These efforts are expected to have a significant impact on long-standing research issues and will provide insight into the processes involving the breakup of Pangea, the influence of large igneous provinces on mass extinctions, and the evolution of the North American lithospheric mantle.

Block, K. A.; Lehnert, K. A.; Johansson, A. K.; Herzberg, C. T.; Stern, R. J.; Bloomer, S.; Gerard-Little, P.; Paul, M.; Raye, U.; Sou, N.

2007-12-01

482

Molecular dynamics simulation of organometallic reaction dynamics, and, Enhancing achievement in chemistry for African American students through innovations in pedagogy aligned with supporting assessment and curriculum and integrated under an alternative research paradigm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Part I. Molecular dynamics simulation of organometallic reaction dynamics. To study the interplay of solute and solvent dynamics, large-scale molecular dynamics simulations were employed. Lennard-Jones and electrostatic models of potential energies from solvent-only studies were combined with solute potentials generated from ab-initio calculations. Radial distribution functions and other measures revealed the polar solvent's response to solute dynamics following CO dissociation. In future studies, the time-scale for solvent coordination will be confirmed with ultrafast spectroscopy data. Part II. Enhancing achievement in chemistry for African American students through innovations in pedagogy aligned with supporting assessment and curriculum and integrated under an alternative research paradigm. Much progress has been made in the area of research in education that focuses on teaching and learning in science. Much effort has also centered on documenting and exploring the disparity in academic achievement between underrepresented minority students and students comprising a majority in academic circles. However, few research projects have probed educational inequities in the context of mainstream science education. In order to enrich this research area and to better reach underserved learning communities, the educational experience of African American students in an ethnically and academically diverse high school science class has been examined throughout one, largely successful, academic year. The bulk of data gathered during the study was obtained through several qualitative research methods and was interpreted using research literature that offered fresh theoretical perspectives on equity that may better support effective action.

Mebane, Sheryl Dee

483

Positron emission tomography radiopharmaceutical studies in humans: a guide to regulations for academic researchers.  

PubMed

All clinical trials are covered by a series of regulations that seek to protect the rights, safety and welfare of participating patients. The regulations covering PET studies are especially complex to interpret because of the specialized nature of the language of the regulations and of PET studies themselves. It is often unclear whether the application demands that the radiotracer used be treated as an investigational medical product. This paper is intended to act as a general guide for UK researchers planning to perform PET research in humans by clarifying key aspects of the regulations that may affect the study and/or the radiopharmaceutical manufacturing process, providing links to useful information sources, introducing the concept of a UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) PET expert panel and outlining the value of sharing investigational medical product dossiers. PMID:22773151

Fleming, Ian N; Whelan, Mark; Baxendale, Roy; Gilbert, Fiona J; Matthews, Paul P; Aigbirhio, Franklin I

2012-09-01

484

Identity: a complex structure for researching students’ academic behavior in science and mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a response to Pike and Dunne’s research. The focus of their analysis is on reflections of studying science\\u000a post-16. Pike and Dunne draw attention to under enrollments in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields,\\u000a in particular, in the field of physics, chemistry and biology in the United Kingdom. We provide an analysis of how the authors

Mehmet AydenizLynn; Lynn Liao Hodge

2011-01-01

485

Fostering Education and Research Goals Through Partnerships Between Academic Programs and Geoinformatics Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geoinformatics resources are indispensable tools for researchers and educators at the forefront of geoscience. One example is PetDB (http:\\/\\/www.petdb.org) which serves as a data resource and reference in a broad suite of studies of the solid earth and is cited in over 160 peer-reviewed articles. The ongoing success of geochemical and petrological database projects, such as PetDB, SedDB, and the

K. A. Block; K. A. Lehnert; A. K. Johansson; C. T. Herzberg; R. J. Stern; S. Bloomer; P. Gerard-Little; M. Paul; U. Raye; N. Sou

2007-01-01

486

Ethics Case on Research Conduct and Academic Dishonesty: BioQUEST Summer Workshop Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These case studies may be used as discussion starters with students throughout the year. They are intended to cover a variety of questionable ethical situations. On Being a Scientist: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research (The National Academies Press) This discusses various aspects of ethical scientific conduct. The audience is graduate students, post docs, and new faculty. It includes case studies for each chapter.

Stacey Kiser (Lane Community College;Biology); Joyce Cadwallader (Saint-Mary-of-the-Woods College;Biology); Connor Sexton (Truman State University;Biology)

2010-06-18

487

Is the academic Ivory Tower becoming a managed structure? A nested analysis of the variance in activities of researchers from natural sciences and engineering in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an adaptation to its new environment, universities have engaged in various organisational innovations and taken a more\\u000a active role in the orientation of the researcher. The emerging institutional management imposes specific constraints and opportunities\\u000a for researchers. Thus, the impact of institutional membership, notably on the different institutional policies, is increasingly\\u000a a dominant force in academic working lives. However, some

Norrin Halilem; Nabil Amara; Réjean Landry

2011-01-01

488

Enhancing research capacity of African institutions through social networking.  

PubMed

Traditionally, participation of African researchers in top Biomedical Informatics (BMI) scientific journals and conferences has been scarce. Looking beyond these numbers, an educational goal should be to improve overall research and, therefore, to increase the number of scientists/authors able to produce and publish high quality research. In such scenario, we are carrying out various efforts to expand the capacities of various institutions located at four African countries - Egypt, Ghana, Cameroon and Mali - in the framework of a European Commission-funded project, AFRICA BUILD. This project is currently carrying out activities such as e-learning, collaborative development of informatics tools, mobility of researchers, various pilot projects, and others. Our main objective is to create a self-sustained South-South network of BMI developers. PMID:23920873

Jimenez-Castellanos, Ana; Ramirez-Robles, Maximo; Shousha, Amany; Bagayoko, Cheick Oumar; Perrin, Caroline; Zolfo, Maria; Cuzin, Asa; Roland, Alima; Aryeetey, Richmond; Maojo, Victor

2013-01-01

489

Enhancing Oncologist Participation in Research. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

The key to developing a research program is making research one of the foundations of the culture of a clinical practice. Success depends on selecting trials that are relevant to the practice and executable with the available staff, resources, and patient population. Single modality treatment (i.e. chemotherapy only) protocols are a good starting place. Seriously analyze potential partners for compatible vision and goals.

490

ACADEMIC YEAR 1997 POSTGRADUATE  

E-print Network

Postgraduate School is an academic institution whose emphasis is on study and research programs relevant1 ACADEMIC YEAR 1997 NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL CATALOG #12;2 OVERVIEW The School The Naval, on the Pacific Ocean 120 miles south of San Francisco, the Naval Postgraduate School campus covers 627 acres

491

Hard Labour? Academic Work and the Changing Landscape of Higher Education. International Perspectives on Higher Education Research. Volume 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written across a period of intense turmoil and change in higher education in Australia and England. The authors are deeply unsettled by these changes and wish to open up the discussion about what it means to be an academic and engage in academic work in the 21st century. Accordingly, each of the authors has nominated a theme or lens…

Fitzgerald, Tanya, Ed.; White, Julie, Ed.; Gunter, Helen M., Ed.

2012-01-01

492

The Influence of Noncognitive Domains on Academic Achievement in K-12. Research Report. ETS RR-09-34  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies three noncognitive domains relevant for academic achievement in K-12-- student engagement, behavioral learning strategies, and school climate. The paper also documents empirical findings that show relationships between these three noncognitive domains and academic achievement, especially in the areas of reading and…

Lee, Jihyun; Shute, Valerie J.

2009-01-01

493

Academic Hospitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic hospitality is a feature of academic life. It takes many forms. It takes material form in the hosting of academics giving papers. It takes epistemological form in the welcome of new ideas. It takes linguistic form in the translation of academic work into other languages, and it takes touristic form through the welcome and generosity with…

Phipps, Alison; Barnett, Ronald

2007-01-01

494

Qualitative Analysis of Academic Program Review Reports: UC Berkeley Library’s Collaborative, Research-driven Approach for Strategic Planning and Continuous Improvement  

E-print Network

Design library enhancements through a collaborative and qualitative research approach that intensively studies our academicacademic program review documentation Use collaborative findings to inform the design of strategic library

Dupuis, Elizabeth A.; Loo, Jeffery L.

2014-01-01

495

Enhancing the Interpretation of "Significant" Findings: The Role of Mixed Methods Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present essay outlines how mixed methods research can be used to enhance the interpretation of significant findings. First, we define what we mean by significance in educational evaluation research. With regard to quantitative-based research, we define the four types of significance: statistical significance, practical significance, clinical…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.

2004-01-01

496

Political Instruments Employed by Governments to Enhance University Research and Knowledge Transfer Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governments of developed nations use a variety of policy instruments to enhance university research and knowledge transfer capabilities. These include advocacy, persuasion and information; consultation and committees of enquiry; creation of major research centres and commercialisation agencies, and investment in research infrastructure; grants,…

Harman, Grant

2005-01-01

497

Air Force academic medicine: a climate survey.  

PubMed

Air Force (AF) Medical Service leadership considers education, training, and research as key priorities. However, AF academic physicians' perceptions about the academic environment and challenges to success are not well described. AF faculty physicians were surveyed in autumn 2009. One hundred seventy-two responded and rated the academic environment as needing improvement (median Likert-like score 2 [interquartile range 1] on 1-5 scale). The impact of stepping away from an academically oriented career path for other executive positions was rated negatively (median Likert-like score 2, interquartile range 1). Concerns included loss of clinical skills, career disruption, and the challenge of returning to and/or competing for positions within the academic pathway. New policies limiting deployment of Program Directors and/or key teaching faculty were viewed favorably. Most physicians (59%) completing this survey expressed concerns about the AF academic environment and identified numerous challenges. Information from this survey can guide future initiatives to enhance leadership's goals. PMID:22338353

Jones, Woodson S; Yun, Heather C

2011-12-01

498

Technology-Enhanced Research in the Science Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project where students use the Internet as a research tool. Discusses using e-mail to access molecular biology databases and identify proteins using amino acid sequences, obtaining complete amino acid sequence