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1

Academic Research Enhancement Award  

Cancer.gov

This announcement is intended to support new and ongoing health-related research projects proposed by qualified scientists who need support for small-scale research projects. This award supports small-scale, new or ongoing health-related research projects, including pilot research projects and feasibility studies; development, testing, and refinement of research techniques; secondary analysis of available data sets; and similar discrete research projects that demonstrate research capability.

2

The Academic Researcher Role: Enhancing Expectations and Improved Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article distinguishes between six tasks related to the academic researcher role: (1) networking; (2) collaboration; (3) managing research; (4) doing research; (5) publishing research; and (6) evaluation of research. Data drawn from surveys of academic staff, conducted in Norwegian universities over three decades, provide evidence that the…

Kyvik, Svein

2013-01-01

3

Engaging Students in Aging Research through the Academic Research Enhancement Award Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the R15, Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA) mechanism available through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for institutions that do not typically receive substantial NIH funding. Equipped with training received at the St. Scholastica National Institute on Social Work and Aging, I was able to secure AREA funding…

Butler, Sandra S.

2014-01-01

4

Enhancing Quality Learning through Experiences of Research-Based Learning: Implications for Academic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into undergraduate research and inquiry in Australian universities was conducted during an Australian Learning and Teaching Council National Teaching Fellowship. In this paper we share experiences of this project as a student and an academic, reflecting on key challenges, including undergraduate research as an immersion experience for…

Brew, Angela; Jewell, Evan

2012-01-01

5

Becoming an Academic Researcher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The neo-liberal restructuring of academia justifies research concerning what constitutes academic work, what it means to be an academic researcher and how researchers manoeuvre in academia. The aim of this article is to investigate how this reshaping of higher education affects how research careers are formed and impacts on "becoming…

Angervall, Petra; Gustafsson, Jan

2014-01-01

6

Academic Writing Research Papers  

E-print Network

See over Academic Writing Research Papers Four important things to remember ... 1. Writing a research paper is a process--so you sometimes have to backtrack. It requires patience and time management. 2. Start your research early. 3. Ask for help from the Reference desk and the Student Learning

7

NUIT Academic & Research Technologies  

E-print Network

Kerl Mike Curtis Mgr Video & Collaboration Services Technology Engineering & Design Course Mgt/ Training Spec Kelly Roark Joe Paris Associate Director for Research Computing (see next page) For internal Vacant #12;NUIT Academic & Research Technologies Joe Paris Associate Director for Research Computing HPC

Shahriar, Selim

8

Academic Listening: Research Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of essays address a variety of issues in listening in the academic context, particularly in a foreign or second language. Articles include: "Research of Relevance to Second Language Lecture Comprehension--An Overview" (John Flowerdew); "Expectation-Driven Understanding in Information Systems Lecture Comprehension" (Steve Tauroza,…

Flowerdew, John, Ed.

9

Academic Research Integration System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper comprises results concluding the research activity done so far regarding enhanced web services and system integration. The objective of the paper is to define the software architecture for a coherent framework and methodology for enhancing existing web services into an integrated system. This document presents the research work that has…

Surugiu, Iula; Velicano, Manole

2008-01-01

10

Using Blogging to Enhance the Initiation of Students into Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the net-generation students learning in a Web 2.0 world, research is often equated with Googling and approached with a mindset accustomed to cut-and-paste practices. Recognizing educators' concern over such students' learning dispositions on the one hand, and the educational affordances of blogging on the other, this study examines the use of…

Chong, Eddy K. M.

2010-01-01

11

Sustaining and Enhancing the Research Mission  

E-print Network

Medical Innovation (IAMI): Stepping into the future of academic research and entrepreneurship #12;iv PanelSustaining and Enhancing the Research Mission of Public Universities Merrill Series on The Research: Sustaining Research Excellence in Uncertain Times Chancellors Harvey Perlman

12

Academic Research Engine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last week, Student Advantage announced its new academic research engine, developed in partnership with Northern Light (see the September 19, 1997 Scout Report). Students can keyword search 25 different subjects either individually or simultaneously. Some features adopted from Northern Light's search engine make Student Advantage likely to reduce, at least, the ratio of student frustration to success when attempting to do Internet research. First, results of an initial search include a sidebar that organizes returns in subject folders allowing users to focus only on those that seem most promising. Second, the "drill and search" feature allows students to then refine their searches within these subject folders. This two-step process mitigates the centrifugal Internet experience most student-researchers encounter. The site also features a listing of online reference sources and a free download of Q-Notes, software for electronic note-taking (for PCs only). (Caveat: Many of the book-length texts listed in results are merely links to Amazon.com, and some of the articles listed are held in Northern Light's fee-based Special Collection.)

13

Research and Academic Career Development  

E-print Network

Research and Academic Career Development #12;Our Mission The University of Zurich is committed to generating and expanding scholarly understanding through innovative research. We support and encourage our members in their research activities and foster a supportive environment for junior scholars. Mission

Zürich, Universität

14

Advising & Academic Enhancement Peer Led Team Learning  

E-print Network

Advising & Academic Enhancement Peer Led Team Learning Peer Leader Applicant Instructions Thank you the qualifications, time commitment, and application process outlined below. What is Peer Led Team Learning? Peer-Led

Barrash, Warren

15

ACADEMIC ENHANCEMENT STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES  

E-print Network

State Zip Code Cell Phone #: ______________________________ Permanent Phone· Phone: 757/683-3582 · Fax: 757/683-5758 I D E A FUSION Old Dominion University is an equal opportunity Services (SSS). Tutoring, academic skills workshops, cultural enrichment activities, and many other

16

Exposing New Academics through Action Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While collaborative action research is an empowering approach to developing academic practice, it also presents a number of challenges regarding the purpose, nature and consequences of academic development. This research note raises questions and issues concerning how action research exposes new academics to the conflicts and tensions of the…

Smith, Karen; Fernie, Scott

2010-01-01

17

A Conceptual Model of Career Development to Enhance Academic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop, refine, and validate a conceptual model of career development to enhance the academic motivation of community college students. To achieve this end, a straw model was built from the theoretical and empirical research literature. The model was then refined and validated through three rounds of a Delphi…

Collins, Nancy Creighton

2010-01-01

18

Academic and Research Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work in the Touch Lab (formal name: Laboratory for Human and Machine Haptics) is guided by a broad vision of haptics which includes all aspects of information acquisition and object manipulation through touch by humans, machines, of a combination of the two; and the environments can be real or virtual. In order to make progress, we conduct research in

Mandayam A. Srinivasan; S James Biggs; Gang Liu; David W. Schloerb; Lihua Zhou; Joono Cheong; Suvranu De; Jianjuen Hu; Orly Lahav; Donjin Lee; Manivannan Muniyandi; Minseung Ahn; Christian Bolzmacher; Dodge Daverman; Rosa Iglesias; Hyun Kim; Siddarth Kumar; Wan-Chen Wu; Kirk Phelps; Seth M. Hall; Eleanora Luongo; Monica Pegis

19

Understanding Chinese TEFL Academics' Capacity for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to benchmark Chinese TEFL academics' research productivities to identify and address research productivity issues. Using a literature-based survey, this study examined 182 Chinese TEFL academics' research output, perceptions about research, personal dispositions for conducting research and workplace context for conducting research…

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter

2011-01-01

20

A Practical Guide to Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for researchers introduces important research methodologies and data collecting techniques, provides a framework for the critical assessment of existing research, and encourages involvement of academics and practitioners in research. Chapter 1, on planning a research project, discusses scheduling, time management, and planning the…

Birley, Graham; Moreland, Neil

21

Academic Freedom: Problems in Conceptualization and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic freedom is of central importance to higher education and it affects all aspects of work at universities. It symbolizes academics' acceptance of the need for openness and flexibility (Balyer, 2011) and it protects the conditions leading to the creation of good teaching and learning, sound research, and scholarship (Atkinson, 2004).…

Abdel Latif, Muhammad M. M.

2014-01-01

22

Academic Research: Corporate Support Has Its Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Twentieth Century Fund task force indicates that industry funding of academic research is not harmful to academic values if guidelines are followed. Some of the recommendations made by the task force are listed. One recommendation is that title to patents resulting from joint projects should be held by the university. (JN)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1984

1984-01-01

23

Recommending Research Profiles for Multidisciplinary Academic Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates how data on multidisciplinary collaborative experiences can be used to solve a novel problem: recommending research profiles of potential collaborators to academic researchers seeking to engage in multidisciplinary research collaboration. As the current domain theories of multidisciplinary collaboration are insufficient…

Gunawardena, Sidath Deepal

2013-01-01

24

Enhancing the Participation of African Americans in Health-Related Genetic Research: Findings of a Collaborative Academic and Community-Based Research Study  

PubMed Central

The involvement of African Americans in research has long been expressed as a concern by the scientific community. While efforts have been undertaken to identify factors inhibiting the participation of African Americans in health-related research, few efforts have been undertaken to have highlight factors associated with their engagement of health-related research. An exploratory study of factors presumed to be associated with participation in health-related research was conducted among a nonprobability sample of African Americans (n = 212) from a large urban community in the Midwest. The study was guided by a framework that hypothesized the influence of knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions about genetics and the involvement of providers in decision-making on willingness to participate in health-related genetic research. The results revealed that knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions about genetics and the involvement of providers were associated with willingness to engage in health-related genetic research (P < .05). The most interesting, however, was that 88.7% of the participants who had not previously been involved in a health-related study who expressed a willingness to participate reported that they “had never been asked.” Study findings suggest the need for research that further examines factors associated with the involvement of African Americans in health-related genetic research. PMID:24369499

Millon Underwood, Sandra; Buseh, Aaron G.; Kelber, Sheryl T.; Stevens, Patricia E.; Townsend, Leolia

2013-01-01

25

Enhancing Academic Achievement through Direct Instruction of Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of the explicit teaching of social skills to enhance academic achievement. The targeted population comprised kindergarten and second grade students in a middle-class community located in central Illinois. The problem of inappropriate behaviors and difficulties interacting with peers and how this may affect academic…

Bendt, Lori; Nunan, Jan

26

Academ Academ ModernAcademLanguagesAcademandAcademLiteraturesAcadem PageAcadem189SonomaAcademStateAcademUniversityAcadem2010-2011AcademCatalog modern langUages and literatUres  

E-print Network

,AcademLiteratureAcademandAcademCultureAcademofAcademtheAcademGerman- SpeakingAcademWorld,AcademEthnicAcademMinorityAcademStudies,AcademFeministSpanish,AcademResearchAcademSkills,AcademLatinAcademAmeri- canAcademLiterature,AcademCulture,AcademResearchAcadem JorgeAcademPorrasAcadem/AcademSpanish,AcademTheoreticalAcademLinguisticsAcadem JeffreyAcademReederAcadem/AcademSpanish,AcademAppliedAcademLinguistics,AcademPortugueseAcadem Christine

Ravikumar, B.

27

Deepening Our Understanding of Academic Inbreeding Effects on Research Information Exchange and Scientific Output: New Insights for Academic Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the impact of academic inbreeding in relation to academic research, and proposes a new conceptual framework for its analysis. We find that mobility (or lack of) at the early research career stage is decisive in influencing academic behaviors and scientific productivity. Less mobile academics have more inward oriented…

Horta, Hugo

2013-01-01

28

Measuring Academic Capacity: Research in Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful, sustainable initiatives in communities are community-based, community-paced, and community-led. In addition, the unique culture of each community is a protective factor, contributing to that community's physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional health. Academic researchers working with six First Nations and one Metis Settlement asked,…

Fletcher, Fay; Rousell, Davina D.; Worrell, Stephanie; McLean, Barb; Baydala, Lola

2012-01-01

29

ADONIS in an Academic Research Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why does an academic research library, emphasizing bioscience topics, decide to alter access to periodical literature relevant to that subject? This paper discusses how and why a change was made, resulting in access to articles via compact disc (CD-ROM) and not current hard copy issues received on subscription. Issue use and cost are primary…

Anderl, Robert G.

30

Chapter Meeting and Academic Research Presentation  

E-print Network

Chapter Meeting and Academic Research Presentation: "Fighting Fraud in Non-Profit Organizations" (1-hour CPE) Fraud occurs in nonprofits of all sizes but small organizations suffer the most loss an understanding of why nonprofits are more susceptible to frauds, and provide strategies to help prevent

New Mexico, University of

31

Benchmarking Academic Research Output in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of faculty published research output in Australia's university system in 1991 resulted in national benchmarks of faculty publications productivity (number of publications per 10 equivalent academic staff members), for each of 13 publication types, for the highest performing institution, and the highest performing units within any…

Murphy, Penelope S.

1995-01-01

32

Leadership of Academics in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is a key issue for universities and is increasingly regarded as beneficial to improved performance across all activities, including research. This article reports on part of a completed doctoral study that had the aim of developing a deeper understanding of the role of leadership as it relates to hospitality management research by…

Ball, Stephen

2007-01-01

33

Academic Technology Transfer: Tracking, Measuring and Enhancing Its Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980 passage of the US Bayh-Dole Act, academic technology transfer has gained profile globally as a key component of knowledge-driven economic development. Research universities are seen as key contributors. In this article, focusing on the USA and drawing on over twenty years of experience in the field of academic technology transfer in…

Fraser, John

2010-01-01

34

THE ENGINEERING TALENT PIPELINE Enhancing the Pathway to Academic Success  

E-print Network

THE ENGINEERING TALENT PIPELINE Enhancing the Pathway to Academic Success The UW-Madison College, to succeed in science and engineering. These programs benefit all students, since the success of future and individuals to support COE students, enhance retention and graduation success rates, and build a more diverse

Sheridan, Jennifer

35

Summary of Research 2000. Interdisciplinary Academic Groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Interdisciplinary Academic Groups: Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence; Information Systems; Information Warfare; Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation; Space Systems; Special Operations; and Undersea Warfare. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports. Thesis abstracts of students advised of an interdisciplinary nature are also included.

2000-01-01

36

Enhance Student Advising and Academic and Life Supports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, part of a yearlong series, focuses on the fifth recommendation in ACTE's postsecondary reform position statement which is to enhance student advising and academic and life supports. The availability of effective student supports can play a critical role in student enrollment, persistence and completion of postsecondary credentials.…

Kiker, Jason

2008-01-01

37

Research article Statistics usage by French academic libraries a  

E-print Network

a survey on usage statistics management in academic libraries in France. The objective is to provide1/15 Research article Statistics usage by French academic libraries ­ a survey Chérifa BOUKACEM academic libraries answered to the survey. Results show that usage statistics are crucial

Boyer, Edmond

38

An Academic Formulas List: New Methods in Phraseology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research creates an empirically derived, pedagogically useful list of formulaic sequences for academic speech and writing, comparable with the Academic Word List (Coxhead 2000), called the Academic Formulas List (AFL). The AFL includes formulaic sequences identified as (i) frequent recurrent patterns in corpora of written and spoken language,…

Simpson-Vlach, Rita; Ellis, Nick C.

2010-01-01

39

Establishing a 'track record': research productivity and nursing academe.  

PubMed

Many nursing academics in Australia are finding to their dismay that an outstanding teaching career and exemplary professional contribution to their field--and a PhD--are not enough to achieve promotion within their university, or secure a new academic post. One must also possess a proven or established 'track record' in research and publication. The operational funding arrangements for Australian universities rely in part on the research productivity of their academic staff members. This places special expectation upon the way academics conduct their scholarly work. Nursing academics are under particular pressure: as relative newcomers to the university scene, most find themselves considered as early career researchers with weak track records. This paper reviews relevant research and draws upon personal experience in the area of research development, to highlight how nursing academics may most strategically establish a research and publication record with a view to career advancement. PMID:9807282

Emden, C

1998-01-01

40

Research and scholarship: Perceptions of senior academic administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports selected findings from the first stage of a study on the research role within academic work in Australian universities. These findings come from the interview component of the study and discuss the perceptions that senior academic administrators hold on ‘research’ and ‘scholarship’. The analysis of the interviews indicates that ‘research’ covers a wide and varied range of

Ruth Neumann

1993-01-01

41

COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AGREEMENT PFIZER INC. AND [ACADEMIC MEDICAL CENTER  

E-print Network

") for the conduct of collaborative preclinical and clinical research studies in the area of identificationCOLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AGREEMENT BETWEEN PFIZER INC. AND [ACADEMIC MEDICAL CENTER] THIS COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AGREEMENT (hereinafter "Agreement") is entered into by and between Pfizer Inc

Bandettini, Peter A.

42

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

43

Academic Performance Enhancement Drugs in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education is a place where students are known to navigate various stages of psychosocial development, and experiment with psychoactive substances. Extant research detailing the relationship between drugs and student development typically frame the impact of substance use as exclusively negative or harmful to student health and the outcomes…

Aikins, Ross Douglas

2012-01-01

44

The Effective Academic: A Handbook for Enhanced Academic Practice. The Times Higher Education Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides guidance about controlling and directing an academic career by suggesting systematic approaches to key areas of responsibility and activity. It explores management and leadership in higher education, developing and promoting research and teaching, and coping with the changing university environment. The chapters of part 1,…

Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.; Fry, Heather, Ed.

45

Annotated Bibliography of Recent Research Related to Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an annotated bibliography of recent research related to academic advising. It includes research papers that focus on advising and a special section of the "Journal of Career Development" that is devoted to multicultural graduate advising relationships.

Mottarella, Karen, Comp.

2011-01-01

46

The Construction of Academic Time: Sub/Contracting Academic Labour in Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a poststructuralist analysis of the UK higher education sector's academic division of labor, exploring some new contradictions from a contract researcher's standpoint. Raises political, social, and methodological questions about these divisions by exploring their class and gender dimensions. Too many academics remain silent about adverse…

Hey, Valerie

2001-01-01

47

RESEARCH CHAIR ENHANCES INSTITUTE  

E-print Network

combination of knowledge in the areas of exercise physiology, neurophysiology and molecular biology," said for Exercise Physiology, a former co-editor-in-chief of the Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, and author'S RESEARCH GROUPS ARE: EXERCISE AND ENVIRONMENT MEDICINE HEAD - Gordon Giesbrecht (BPE/85, MPE/86, PhD/90

Manitoba, University of

48

Postgraduate Research Students and Academic Integrity: "It's about Good Research Training"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from a study on academic integrity at Australian universities challenge the presumption that postgraduate research students have prior knowledge of academic integrity. A review of online academic integrity policy in 39 Australian universities found that one in five policies had no mention of higher degree by research (HDR) students.…

Mahmud, Saadia; Bretag, Tracey

2013-01-01

49

Academic Year Research Award (AYRA) 1. Student: Lauren Cotter Major: Psychology  

E-print Network

Department: Psychology Title: Prospective Memory, Emotion, and Aging Prospective memory (PM) involvesAcademic Year Research Award (AYRA) 1. Student: Lauren Cotter Major: Psychology Mentor: Cynthia May+), and the goal of this project is to enhance PM performance in older adults by prompting memory with emotional

Young, Paul Thomas

50

RESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FOR ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE PROGRAM (ROADS)  

E-print Network

in a science fair? If yes, what was it, when and whereRESEARCH OPPORTUNITY FOR ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE PROGRAM (ROADS) FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS choice? _____________________________________________________________ Have you ever entered a project

51

Life context of pharmacological academic performance enhancement among university students – a qualitative approach  

PubMed Central

Background Academic performance enhancement or cognitive enhancement (CE) via stimulant drug use has received increasing attention. The question remains, however, whether CE solely represents the use of drugs for achieving better academic or workplace results or whether CE also serves various other purposes. The aim of this study was to put the phenomenon of pharmacological academic performance enhancement via prescription and illicit (psycho-) stimulant use (Amphetamines, Methylphenidate) among university students into a broader context. Specifically, we wanted to further understand students’ experiences, the effects of use on students and other factors, such as pressure to perform in their academic and private lives. Methods A sample of 18 healthy university students reporting the non-medical use of prescription and illicit stimulants for academic performance enhancement was interviewed in a face-to-face setting. The leading questions were related to the situations and context in which the students considered the non-medical use of stimulants. Results Based on the resultant transcript, two independent raters identified six categories relating to the life context of stimulant use for academic performance enhancement: Context of stimulant use beyond academic performance enhancement, Subjective experience of enhancement, Timing of consumption, Objective academic results, Side effects, Pressure to perform. Conclusions The answers reveal that academic performance enhancement through the use of stimulants is not an isolated phenomenon that solely aims at enhancing cognition to achieve better academic results but that the multifaceted life context in which it is embedded is of crucial relevance. The participants not only considered the stimulants advantageous for enhancing academic performance, but also for leading an active life with a suitable balance between studying and time off. The most common reasons given for stimulant use were to maximize time, to increase motivation and to cope with memorizing. According to the interviews, there is a considerable discrepancy between subjective experiences and objective academic results achieved. PMID:24606831

2014-01-01

52

Combining peer instruction and audience response systems to enhance academic performance, facilitate active learning and promote peer-assisted learning communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research shows that peer-assisted learning can enhance students' motivation, academic self-concept, academic performance and retention. Building on constructivist theory, this study investigates the use of audience response systems, or clickers, and peer instruction (PI) to engage students in class, to increase the students' engagement and sense of community, both in and out of the classroom, and to increase the

Gallayanee Yaoyuneyong; Amy Thornton

2011-01-01

53

Herding the Academic Cats: The Challenges of "Managing" Academic Research in the Contemporary UK University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some aspects of and challenges faced by those academics and administrators who undertake the leadership and management of research activity in contemporary UK universities. This analysis is set in the context of almost three decades of reforms to the UK's higher education systems in general and to research funding and audit…

Deem, Rosemary

2010-01-01

54

Situated Mathematical Research: The Interaction of Academic and Non-Academic Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the relationship between research mathematics and the mathematics that arises in non-academic mathematical practices? I answer this question in terms of situated mathematical research, which comprises situated mathematical interpretations and situated mathematical applications. A situated mathematical interpretation of a practice takes…

Palmer, Miquel Alberti

2010-01-01

55

An Academic Perspective on Research and Being a Researcher: An Integration of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an integrative review of the developing body of literature investigating academics' ways of understanding research. The resulting review highlights implicit variation between different studies in the focus they have taken to addressing this research question, varyingly emphasising academics' research intentions, questions,…

Akerlind, Gerlese S.

2008-01-01

56

A new approach to synergize academic and guideline-compliant research: the CLARITY-BPA research program.  

PubMed

Recently, medical research has seen a strong push toward translational research, or "bench to bedside" collaborations, that strive to enhance the utility of laboratory science for improving medical treatment. The success of that paradigm supports the potential application of the process to other fields, such as risk assessment. Close collaboration among academic, government, and industry scientists may enhance the translation of scientific findings to regulatory decision making. The National Toxicology Program (NTP), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) developed a consortium-based research program to link more effectively academic and guideline-compliant research. An initial proof-of-concept collaboration, the Consortium Linking Academic and Regulatory Insights on BPA Toxicity (CLARITY-BPA), uses bisphenol A (BPA) as a test chemical. The CLARITY-BPA program combines a core perinatal guideline-compliant 2-year chronic toxicity study with mechanistic studies/endpoints conducted by academic investigators. Twelve extramural grantees were selected by NIEHS through an RFA-based initiative to participate in the overall study design and conduct disease-relevant investigations using tissues and animals from the core study. While the study is expected to contribute to our understanding of potential effects of BPA, it also has ramifications beyond this specific focus. Through CLARITY-BPA, NIEHS has established an unprecedented level of collaboration among extramural grantees and regulatory researchers. By drawing upon the strengths of academic and regulatory expertise and research approaches, CLARITY-BPA represents a potential new model for filling knowledge gaps, enhancing quality control, informing chemical risk assessment, and identifying new methods or endpoints for regulatory hazard assessments. PMID:23747832

Schug, Thaddeus T; Heindel, Jerrold J; Camacho, Luísa; Delclos, K Barry; Howard, Paul; Johnson, Anne F; Aungst, Jason; Keefe, Dennis; Newbold, Retha; Walker, Nigel J; Thomas Zoeller, R; Bucher, John R

2013-09-01

57

Academic outreach: health careers enhancement program for minorities.  

PubMed Central

This article describes the 6-week Health Careers Enhancement Program for Minorities inaugurated in the summer of 1988 at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. The program was developed for minority and economically disadvantaged college undergraduates and postbaccalaureate premedical students. Its major objectives were to stimulate and maintain the interest of minority students in health careers and prepare these students for entry into health professions and for successful completion of these programs. A unique aspect of the program was academic outreach. Case Western Reserve University minority alumni and community minority physicians participated as clinical role models, mentors, and teachers; community and state minority leaders served as inspirational speakers and role models. The program was designed not only to incorporate cognitive and skill development activities, but to also include features distinctive to the Case Western Reserve University curriculum, specifically, organ system teaching, preceptor groups, medical apprenticeship program, and student tutors. PMID:2280430

Phillips, J. L.; Wile, M. Z.

1990-01-01

58

Enhancing Research Papers in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

XML-based production of journal articles, combined with real-time transformations, now make it possible to develop new enhancements to the reading experience and to the content of the article itself. Papers from AAS journals are now available in ‘Article Evolution’ HTML format, providing both familiar and new functionality that improves the reading experience. This poster will outline the roadmap for the development of ‘Article Evolution’ functionality and ask for input to help shape future enhancements that meet the needs of the astronomy community. Two of the ongoing developments described are ’semantic enrichment’ of articles and adoption of ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID). Both of these have exciting possibilities at an article level within ‘Article Evolution’ but will also impact widely on third party services, such as linking and discovery of research papers.

Kroffe, Kerry; McCann, G.

2013-01-01

59

Research Publication as a Strategy to Improve International Academic Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities in Asia are now focused on enhancing their global academic competitiveness. Various strategies are implemented to restructure, reform and transform universities aimed at improving ranking in the global university league. One significant strategy is to encourage academicians to place priority on publishing in high-impact…

Tie, Fatt Hee

2012-01-01

60

EXECUTIVE VICE CHANCELLOR-ACADEMIC AFFAIRS ORGANIZATION CHART Vice Chancellor Research Affairs  

E-print Network

Academic Diversity & Equal Opportunity Academic Emp. Relations Academic Personnel Partner Opportunities Student Research & Information Dean, Division of Arts & Humanities Seth Lerer Dean, Division of Social Sciences Jeffrey Elman Black Resource Center Cross Cultural Center LGBT Resource Center Raza Resource

Tsien, Roger Y.

61

Academics among farmers: Linking intervention to research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographers and other academics whose reputations and advancement depend on their work among developing country farmers have an obligation to assist the farmers in tangible ways. A project of the United Nations University which did this in 1993-2002 (PLEC)is described, with particular reference to Ghana, together with a follow-up project in the same country. Best methods of resource management were

Harold Brookfield; Edwin A. Gyasi

2009-01-01

62

No Academic Borders?: Transdisciplinarity in University Teaching and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transdisciplinarity has been a veritable mantra, especially in the humanities and social sciences, for twenty years or more. Yet academic structures and research application requirements still struggle to come to grips with cross-boundary research and teaching. Making universities more trans-discipline-friendly is a tricky task, however. As Wendy…

Russell, A. Wendy

2005-01-01

63

A Genre System View of the Funding of Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many researchers, grant proposals are a high-stakes genre crucial to their work; this pivotal genre does not exist in isolation but as part of a complex reticulation of genres that interact to form a genre system. This article explores the genre system of academic research funding in terms of the following questions: (a) What is the nature of…

Tardy, Christine M.

2003-01-01

64

Undergraduate Research and Academic Archives: Instruction, Learning and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities are increasingly investing resources to promote undergraduate research. Undergraduate research can be broadly defined to incorporate scientific inquiry, creative expression, and scholarship with the result of producing original work. Academic archives and special collections can play a vital role in the undergraduate…

Krause, Magia G.

2010-01-01

65

When Academics Integrate Research Skill Development in the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considered outcomes when 27 academics explicitly developed and assessed student research skills in 28 regular (non-research methods) semester-length courses. These courses ranged from small (n = 17) to medium-large (n = 222) and included those from first year to masters in business, engineering, health science, humanities and science,…

Willison, J. W.

2012-01-01

66

Strategic Planning for Academic Research: A Canadian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an empirical study of research planning in Canadian universities. Drawing on data compiled during interviews with senior administrators from 27 academic units in 10 universities, the paper analyses how strategic planning has been applied to the research mission over the past decade. Findings reveal variability in processes…

Sa, Creso M.; Tamtik, Merli

2012-01-01

67

Demystifying the IRB: Human Subjects Research in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many academic librarians are interested in pursuing research studies that involve students, faculty, and other library patrons; these projects must be approved by an institutional review board (IRB). This article reviews federal requirements and regulations for human subjects research and explains the IRB application process. The author discusses…

Smale, Maura A.

2010-01-01

68

Enhancing Ocean Research Data Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) works in partnership with ocean science investigators to publish data from research projects funded by the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections and the Office of Polar Programs Antarctic Organisms & Ecosystems Program at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Since 2006, researchers have been contributing data to the BCO-DMO data system, and it has developed into a rich repository of data from ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research programs. While the ultimate goal of the BCO-DMO is to ensure preservation of NSF funded project data and to provide open access to those data, achievement of those goals is attained through a series of related phases that benefits from active collaboration and cooperation with a large community of research scientists as well as curators of data and information at complementary data repositories. The BCO-DMO is just one of many intermediate data management centers created to facilitate long-term preservation of data and improve access to ocean research data. Through partnerships with other data management professionals and active involvement in local and global initiatives, BCO-DMO staff members are working to enhance access to ocean research data available from the online BCO-DMO data system. Continuing efforts in use of controlled vocabulary terms, development of ontology design patterns and publication of content as Linked Open Data are contributing to improved discovery and availability of BCO-DMO curated data and increased interoperability of related content available from distributed repositories. We will demonstrate how Semantic Web technologies (e.g. RDF/XML, SKOS, OWL and SPARQL) have been integrated into BCO-DMO data access and delivery systems to better serve the ocean research community and to contribute to an expanding global knowledge network.

Chandler, Cynthia; Groman, Robert; Shepherd, Adam; Allison, Molly; Arko, Robert; Chen, Yu; Fox, Peter; Glover, David; Hitzler, Pascal; Leadbetter, Adam; Narock, Thomas; West, Patrick; Wiebe, Peter

2014-05-01

69

INTEGRATION OF SMALL MOLECULE DISCOVERY IN ACADEMIC BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH  

PubMed Central

Rapid advances in biomedical sciences in recent years have drastically accelerated the discovery of the molecular basis of human diseases. The great challenge is how to translate the newly acquired knowledge into new medicine for disease prevention and treatment. Drug discovery is a long and expensive process and the pharmaceutical industry has not been very successful at it despite its enormous resources and spending on the process. It is increasingly realized that academic biomedical research institutions ought to be engaged in early stage drug discovery, especially when it can be coupled to their basic research. To leverage the productivity of new drug development a substantial acceleration in validation of new therapeutic targets is required, which would require small molecules that can precisely control target functions in complex biological systems in a temporal and dose-dependent manner. In this review, we describe a process of integration of small molecule discovery and chemistry in academic biomedical research, which will ideally bring together the elements of innovative approaches to new molecular targets; existing basic and clinical research; screening infrastructure; and synthetic and medicinal chemistry to follow-up on small molecule hits. Such integration of multi-disciplinary resources and expertise will enable academic investigators to discover novel small molecules that are expected to facilitate their efforts in both mechanistic research and new drug target validation. More broadly academic drug discovery should contribute new entities to therapy for intractable human diseases especially for orphan diseases, and hopefully stimulate and synergize with the commercial sector. PMID:20687180

Ohlmeyer, Michael; Zhou, Ming-Ming

2010-01-01

70

Integration of small-molecule discovery in academic biomedical research.  

PubMed

Rapid advances in biomedical sciences in recent years have drastically accelerated the discovery of the molecular basis of human diseases. The great challenge is how to translate the newly acquired knowledge into new medicine for disease prevention and treatment. Drug discovery is a long and expensive process, and the pharmaceutical industry has not been very successful at it, despite its enormous resources and spending on the process. It is increasingly realized that academic biomedical research institutions ought to be engaged in early-stage drug discovery, especially when it can be coupled to their basic research. To leverage the productivity of new-drug development, a substantial acceleration in validation of new therapeutic targets is required, which would require small molecules that can precisely control target functions in complex biological systems in a temporal and dose-dependent manner. In this review, we describe a process of integration of small-molecule discovery and chemistry in academic biomedical research that will ideally bring together the elements of innovative approaches to new molecular targets, existing basic and clinical research, screening infrastructure, and synthetic and medicinal chemistry to follow up on small-molecule hits. Such integration of multidisciplinary resources and expertise will enable academic investigators to discover novel small molecules that are expected to facilitate their efforts in both mechanistic research and new-drug target validation. More broadly academic drug discovery should contribute new entities to therapy for intractable human diseases, especially for orphan diseases, and hopefully stimulate and synergize with the commercial sector. PMID:20687180

Ohlmeyer, Michael; Zhou, Ming-Ming

2010-01-01

71

Project Research and Development (PRD) scheme Guidance for Academic Applicants  

E-print Network

1 Project Research and Development (PRD) scheme ­ Guidance for Academic Applicants Contents science and technology leadership in future Science and Technology Facility Council projects and gives and development projects which enable STFC to deliver the science programme objectives in the areas of particle

72

Researching Academic Stress and Anxiety in Students: Some Methodological Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a long history of interest in North American and Western European literature, researchers in the UK are only now beginning to turn attention to the issue of academic stress in schoolchildren and how it may affect emotional well-being, health and performance on school assessments. Based on the author's experiences of designing an extensive…

Putwain, David

2007-01-01

73

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience…

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

74

Researching Academic Identity: Using Discursive Psychology as an Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current thinking on academic identities is heavily influenced by developments in other disciplines, notably sociology. This accords with Haggis's (2007) challenge for educational researchers to engage with current theory and methods from across the social sciences. However, the traditional sister discipline to education, psychology, seems…

McLean, Neil

2012-01-01

75

Creating the Academic Commons: Guidelines for Learning, Teaching, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's library is still at the heart of all university activities, helping students and faculty become better learners, teachers, and researchers. In recent years there has emerged the formalizing of one or more of these activities into an Academic Commons. These centers of information have been labeled variously but they all share a commonality:…

Gould, Thomas H.P.

2011-01-01

76

Research Computing We help Dartmouth scholars and researchers use computing to reach their academic goals  

E-print Network

Research Computing We help Dartmouth scholars and researchers use computing to reach their academic a web-based interface to its data- base of films. Researchers with computational codes that require Applications Installed as requested Susan A. Schwarz Interim Director of Research Computing Research Software

Myers, Lawrence C.

77

The Australian Traveller Education Research Team: One Strategy for Organising Academic Research and Publishing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contemporary work of university academics is complex, contested and sometimes controversial. It can also be rewarding, satisfying and even transforming. These challenges and opportunities certainly apply in the case of research and publishing, one of the defining features of the work of academics. In engaging with these challenges and opportunities, it is important to recognise the interests of different

Beverley Moriarty; P. A. Danaher; Geoff Danaher

78

Enhancing Student Learning with Academic and Student Affairs Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the student affairs profession developed, expanded, and specialized over the last century, a disconnect occurred between student affairs professionals and academics. Despite that separation, the literature on student affairs in higher education supports the need for movement towards collaboration and integration of academic affairs and student…

Frost, Robert A.; Strom, Stephen L.; Downey, JoAnna; Schultz, Deanna D.; Holland, Teresa A.

2010-01-01

79

Academic Science & Industrial Research, 1920-1975  

Cancer.gov

A Penny for your Quotes? Assessing the impact of Biological Resource Centers on Life Sciences Research Jeff Furman (Boston U & NBER) Scott Stern (Northwestern U & NBER) NCI's Biospecimen Best Practices Forum November 5, 2007 1 Motivation: Knowledge

80

Geographic Data for Academic Research: AssessingGeographic Data for Academic Research: Assessing Access PoliciesAccess Policies  

E-print Network

that the current, relatively open, access-to-data environment in the United States is beneficial to advancing access policy environments do or do not contribute to the productivity of academic researchers. Our to in the acquisition of each specific data set and whether scientists were productive in their use of such data sets

Onsrud, Harlan J.

81

Academic research response to the restructuring of the petroleum industry  

SciTech Connect

The international petroleum industry is currently in the midst of massive restructuring constituting one of the more dynamic shifts in direction in its more than century long turbulent history. Policies that had been dogma through the mid-1980`s are being swept away by volatility of price and shifting ownership of the resource. In response to these forces, the multinationals are redefining the mission for exploration and production and {open_quotes}right-sizing{close_quotes}. The companies are smaller, the E & P units are more narrowly focused, and increasingly support activities are being {open_quotes}outsourced{close_quotes}: Even in the largest companies, both basic and applied research activities are being cut back sharply or curtailed completely. The restructuring of the petroleum industry is coming at a time that academic institutions are experiencing a sharp reduction of public funding for research and training. With funds diminishing for {open_quotes}curiosity-driven{close_quotes} investigations, increasingly researchers in the universities and not-for-profit laboratories are developing {open_quotes}task-driven{close_quotes} research projects. Industry funded research programs, once a fringe activity in many academic institutions, are now welcome. The Earth Sciences & Resources Institute can serve as a model for successful industry-academe research linkage. During the twenty-years of its existence, it has developed as one of the largest and most comprehensive university-based organizations of its kind. Its success derives from balancing academic freedom and intellectual property-rights with focused research results delivered in a timely fashion with partial confidentiality.

Kanes, W.H. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

1995-08-01

82

Socialization of Junior Researchers in New Academic Research Environments: Two Case Studies from Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines the modes of research training in two Finnish academic research centres, where research is project based, application oriented and externally funded. In particular, the article asks what duties, skills and qualities are considered appropriate for people in different positions (PhD student, post-doctoral researcher

Hakala, Johanna

2009-01-01

83

Do linkages between farmers and academic researchers influence research productivity? Evidence from Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the effect of linkages between farmers and academic researchers on research productivity in fields related to agriculture. We found a positive and significant relationship between intensive linkages with a few farmers and research productivity, when this is defined as publications in ISI journals. This evidence contradicts other contributions that argue that strong ties with businesses reduce research productivity

René Rivera; José Luis Sampedro; Gabriela Dutrénit; Javier Mario Ekboir; Alexandre O. Vera-Cruz

2009-01-01

84

Clinical-academic partnerships research: converting the rhetoric into reality.  

PubMed

An increasing recognition of the importance of research-based practice to the nursing profession has led to a number of strategies designed to increase the utilization and conduct of nursing research. The transfer of nursing education from hospitals to universities occurred partly in response to the identified theory-practice gap. Subsequently, a significant investment in joint clinical-academic positions and clinical professorial positions has been made with the intention of bridging the gap between the tertiary sector and the clinical field. Anecdotal evidence suggests that neither strategy has achieved the desired degree of success. The available literature suggests that nurses do not tend to become involved in the conduct of research, nor do they readily utilise research findings in their practice. It is hypothesized in this paper that this reflects the strong cultural differences between the clinical and academic worlds in nursing. The aim of this paper is to discuss the impact of these cultural differences and describe specific principals that could contribute to significant cultural change and the bridging of the academic-clinician divide. PMID:16268231

Happell, Brenda

2005-09-01

85

Technology-Enhanced Research: Educational ICT Systems as Research Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Determining the potential of educational information and communications technology for enhancing teaching and learning is the subject of a great deal of research activity. This paper argues that the technologies employed to enhance learning can also be exploited for the enhancement of research. Recorded learner-system interactions, dynamically…

Cox, Richard

2007-01-01

86

The Role of Entrepreneurial Activities in Academic Pharmaceutical Science Research  

PubMed Central

Academic pharmaceutical science research is expanding further and further from the University setting to encompass the for-profit private company setting. This parallels the National Institutes of Health momentum to include multiple funding opportunities for University and private company collaboration. It has been recognized that the non-profit and for-profit combination research model can accelerate the commercialization of pharmaceutical products, and therefore more efficiently improve human health. Entrepreneurial activities require unique considerations in the University environment, but can be modeled after the commercialization expansion of the academic healthcare enterprise. Challenges and barriers exist to starting a company as an entrepreneurial faculty member, but the rewards to one's personal and professional lives are incomparable. PMID:20017206

Stinchcomb, Audra L.

2010-01-01

87

Academics' Perceptions of the Purpose of Undergraduate Research Experiences in a Research-Intensive Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of research experiences as core components of undergraduate curricula implies that students will be exposed to and situated within the research activities of their university. Such experiences thus provide a new prism through which to view the relations between teaching, research and learning. The intentions and actions of academics…

Wilson, Anna; Howitt, Susan; Wilson, Kate; Roberts, Pam

2012-01-01

88

Early Career Academic Perceptions, Attitudes and Professional Development Activities: Questioning the Teaching and Research Gap to Further Academic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early career academia is a challenging time, particularly as academics are facing increasing pressures to excel across a range of areas. Boyer argued for the "true scholar" versed in the overlapping areas of scholarship in research, teaching, integration and engagement. Academic developers have an important role to play in assisting the…

Matthews, Kelly E.; Lodge, Jason M.; Bosanquet, Agnes

2014-01-01

89

Ethics of clinical research within a community-academic partnered participatory framework.  

PubMed

Recommendations for reducing racial and ethnic disparities in health and health care suggest that clinical researchers try community-based participatory research (CBPR). While the body of literature discussing the ethics of CBPR continues to grow, we are not aware of a specific attempt to provide a structure for analyzing the ethics of clinical research using a CBPR approach. We adapt a framework developed by Emanuel, Wendler, and Grady articulating seven requirements for ethical clinical research to clinical research using a CBPR approach. We incorporate findings from the literature on CBPR and identify some of the ethical and practical challenges from our experiences working in CBPR as academics and community members. We find Emanuel et al's framework easily adaptable for CBPR. Six of the requirements are flexible enough to accommodate the needs of CBPR; they are: social or scientific value, scientific validity, fair subject selection, favorable risk-benefit ratio, independent review, and informed consent. We suggest that the seventh requirement, respect for potential and enrolled participants, be amended to respect for potential and enrolled participants, community, and research partners to acknowledge that separate attention should be paid to relationships on these three levels. This adapted framework can guide community-academic partnerships as they evaluate whether to proceed with potential clinical research studies and as they work to enhance the ethics of clinical research studies using a CBPR approach. PMID:16681135

Chen, Donna T; Jones, Loretta; Gelberg, Lillian

2006-01-01

90

Using Computers To Enhance Action Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the potential benefits of using computers to enhance the action research process for classroom teachers. An argument is made for classifying action research as a type of qualitative methodology. This argument is then used to apply the literature on computer use in qualitative research to its use in action research; advantages…

Adamy, Peter

91

Academic Performance Enhancement with Photic Stimulation and EDR Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to test the possibility that training with the Biolight, a combined audio\\/visual stimulation (AVS) and EDR feedback device, would result in positive changes in academic performance. University students who had sought the help of the student counseling staff were divided into two groups of 8 each. The experimental group received 30 sessions of the combined AVS

Thomas Budzynski; John Jordy; Helen Kogan Budzynski; Hsin-Yi Tang; Keith Claypoole

1999-01-01

92

Enhancing Academic Climate: Doctoral Students as Their Own Developers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a collaborative initiative with doctoral students to create an academic climate more conducive to fostering interaction across disciplinary groups in a faculty of education in North America. The project attempted to ensure that these students had a voice in creating practices, structures, and policies in the faculty that would…

McAlpine, Lynn; Asghar, Anila

2010-01-01

93

Life-Science Research within US Academic Medical Centers  

PubMed Central

Context Besides the generic “basic” vs. “applied” labels, little information is known about the types of life-science research conducted within academic medical centers (AMC). Objective To determine the relative proportion, characteristics, funding, and productivity of AMC faculty by the type of research they conduct. Design Mailed survey conducted in 2007 of life sciences faculty at the 50 universities with medical schools that received the most NIH funding in 2004. Response rate was 74% (n=2,168) Setting and Participants Faculty affiliated with a medical school or teaching hospital who had published at least one research article in the previous three years. Main outcome measures Type of research (basic, translational, clinical trials, health services research/clinical epidemiology, multimode, other); total funding; industry funding; publications; professional activities; patenting behavior; and industry relationships. Results Nearly one in four (23.4%) of AMC research faculty exclusively conduct basic research. In comparison, translational researchers, clinical trial investigators, and health services research/clinical epidemiologists each comprise roughly ten percent of AMC staff. While principal investigators garnered a mean of $410,755 in total annual research funding, nearly one-fifth of all AMC research faculty are unfunded, a proportion that ranges from 11.5% for basic researchers to 46.8% for health services researchers (p<0.01). The average AMC faculty member received $33,417 in industry-sponsored funding, with most of this money concentrated among clinical trial ($110,869) and multimode ($59,916) principal investigators. Compared to basic science researchers, translational, clinical trial, and multimode researchers are significantly more likely to report a relationship with industry and that these relationships contributed to their most important scientific work (p<0.01 for all comparisons). Conclusions These data document many of the stresses in the research arena, especially those of the clinician-researcher. National R&D funding policies should reflect priorities for encouraging the right balance of life-science investigations. PMID:19724044

Campbell, Eric G

2013-01-01

94

NSF's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR): Subsidizing Academic Research or State Budgets?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-state empirical study focuses on the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) and examines its impact on the academic research and development (R&D) expenditures financed by state governments. Based on a panel of 50 states during 1979-2006, the empirical results indicate that…

Wu, Yonghong

2009-01-01

95

Academic Users' Information Searching on Research Topics: Characteristics of Research Tasks and Search Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project investigated how academic users search for information on their real-life research tasks. This article presents the findings of the first of two studies. The study data were collected in the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia. Eleven PhD students' searching behaviors on personal research topics were observed as they interacted with information retrieval (IR) systems. The

Jia Tina Du; Nina Evans

2011-01-01

96

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

PubMed Central

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience (SARE) program that provides an enriching academic internship to underrepresented youth. Our program has shown that to have a successful internship for these disadvantaged youth, several issues need to be addressed in addition to scientific mentoring. We have found that it is necessary to remediate and/or fortify basic academic skills for students to be successful. In addition, students need to be actively coached in the development of professional skills, habits, and attitudes necessary for success in the workplace. With all these factors in place, these youths can become better students, compete on a more level playing field in their internships, and increase their potential of participating actively in the sciences in the future. PMID:24006390

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

97

Demographic and Academic Factors Affecting Research Productivity at the University of KwaZulu-Natal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research output affects both the strength and funding of universities. Accordingly university academic staff members are under pressure to be active and productive in research. Though all academics have research interest, all are not producing research output which is accredited by the Department of Education (DOE). We analyzed the demographic and…

North, D.; Zewotir, T.; Murray, M.

2011-01-01

98

Enhancing the mission of academic surgery by promoting scientific writing skills.  

PubMed

Writing and publishing are key to career development and academic success for surgeons who have less time than ever to devote to these activities. To improve the scientific writing skills of its faculty and trainees and to help them complete their manuscripts and grant proposals more quickly, the Department of Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established a service dedicated to scientific writing and editing. Through coursework in scientific writing, individual writing consultations, and editorial review, the service helps academic surgeons with the difficult tasks of writing and publishing their research and seeking extramural funding. The service has rapidly become a successful adjunct to the academic mission of the UCSF Department of Surgery and could offer a model for other academic surgery departments to increase scientific productivity and advance the academic surgical mission. PMID:17509262

Derish, Pamela A; Maa, John; Ascher, Nancy L; Harris, Hobart W

2007-06-15

99

Advancing Pharmacist Scholarship and Research Within Academic Pharmacy  

PubMed Central

An appropriate balance between teaching, scholarship, and service is important for a faculty member to have a satisfying and successful career. The relative emphasis on each area normally changes during the course of a career. Although some level of scholarly output is an ongoing and fundamental expectation of all faculty members, this activity is too often given low priority, particularly among faculty members in practice areas who may have a minimal background in research and large demands on their time for teaching and clinical service. Addressing this issue requires establishing a shared commitment between administrators and faculty members, as well as identifying or developing education programs that will ensure research competence for practice faculty members. This paper provides insights into the role that scholarship and research should have for all pharmacy faculty members and provides suggestions for how to better advance this critical component within academic pharmacy. PMID:23275652

Svensson, Craig K.

2012-01-01

100

Advancing pharmacist scholarship and research within academic pharmacy.  

PubMed

An appropriate balance between teaching, scholarship, and service is important for a faculty member to have a satisfying and successful career. The relative emphasis on each area normally changes during the course of a career. Although some level of scholarly output is an ongoing and fundamental expectation of all faculty members, this activity is too often given low priority, particularly among faculty members in practice areas who may have a minimal background in research and large demands on their time for teaching and clinical service. Addressing this issue requires establishing a shared commitment between administrators and faculty members, as well as identifying or developing education programs that will ensure research competence for practice faculty members. This paper provides insights into the role that scholarship and research should have for all pharmacy faculty members and provides suggestions for how to better advance this critical component within academic pharmacy. PMID:23275652

Kehrer, James P; Svensson, Craig K

2012-12-12

101

Academic Engagement of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Existing Research, Issues, and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic engagement is a multidimensional construct that is gaining increasing attention in education as a means of promoting positive academic and social behavior outcomes for diverse learners across all levels of education. However, this review revealed that research on academic engagement of students with emotional and behavioral disorders…

Al-Hendawi, Maha

2012-01-01

102

Seeking Alternative Researcher Identities in Newcomer Academic Institutions in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proliferating excellence gold standards in the global academic system tend to obscure the far-reaching diversification of academic missions, practices, ambitions and identities brought by massification. This article approaches this topic by a review of theory on academic scholarship and how it has changed in the wake of academic massification and…

Hallonsten, Olof

2012-01-01

103

Hotel Indoor Air Quality Enhancement: Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on the penetration of polluted outdoor air into hotels and the subsequent deterioration of indoor air quality (IAQ). Little attention has been paid to the severity of this problem. Thus, the study specifically aims to assess the determinants to enhance IAQ in hotels and suggest a future research direction relating to IAQ enhancement. Evidence from recent air

Wilco W. Chan

2012-01-01

104

Malaysian adolescent students' needs for enhancing thinking skills, counteracting risk factors and demonstrating academic resilience  

PubMed Central

The adolescence period of life comes along with changes and challenges in terms of physical and cognitive development. In this hectic period, many adolescents may suffer more from various risk factors such as low socioeconomic status, substance abuse, sexual abuse and teenage pregnancy. Findings indicate that such disadvantaged backgrounds of Malaysian adolescent students lead to failure or underachievement in their academic performance. This narrative review scrutinises how some of these students are able to demonstrate academic resilience, which is satisfactory performance in cognitive or academic tasks in spite of their disadvantaged backgrounds. The review stresses the need for developing a caregiving relationship model for at-risk adolescent students in Malaysia. Such a model would allow educators to meet the students' needs for enhancing thinking skills, counteracting risk factors and demonstrating academic resilience. PMID:25663734

Kuldas, Seffetullah; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ismail, Hairul Nizam

2015-01-01

105

What Influences the Utilisation of Educational Research by Policy-Makers and Practitioners?: The Perspectives of Academic Educational Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of education much has been made of the need for academics to engage more closely with policy-makers and practitioners in the process of knowledge production and research uptake. This paper reports results from a survey of academic educational researchers in Australia on their experience of research uptake and engagement with…

Cherney, Adrian; Povey, Jenny; Head, Brian; Boreham, Paul; Ferguson, Michele

2012-01-01

106

The Effect of Federal Biomedical Research Programs on Academic Medical Centers. Prepared for the President's Biomedical Research Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of evolving federal research policies and programs on nongovernmental academic medical centers are examined. Medical schools, teaching hospitals, and research institutes are included. The major problem of analysis in this report is to sort out the effects of federally-supported biomedical research from other influences on academic…

Williams, A. P.; And Others

107

Exploring Evolutionary Technical Trends From Academic Research Papers Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang  

E-print Network

Exploring Evolutionary Technical Trends From Academic Research Papers Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang the techniques used in academic research papers, and in this paper, we use focused technical terms to explore technical terms from research papers; (2) classifying these terms into predefined technology categories; (3

Chang, Chia-Hui

108

Quality Criteria of Research Perceived by Academics in Social Sciences at Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the problem of research quality in social sciences at higher education. Quality of research produced at higher education started to be questioned more often as research became the major factor determining academics' promotion and fund allocation to universities. In the study, we aimed to reveal how academics…

Bakioglu, Aysen; Kurnaz, Ozlem

2009-01-01

109

Biomedical Research and Corporate Interests: A Question of Academic Freedom  

PubMed Central

The current situation in medicine has been described as a crisis of credibility, as the profit motive of industry has taken control of clinical trials and the dissemination of data. Pharmaceutical companies maintain a stranglehold over the content of medical journals in three ways: (1) by ghostwriting articles that bias the results of clinical trials, (2) by the sheer economic power they exert on journals due to the purchase of drug advertisements and journal reprints, and (3) by the threat of legal action against those researchers who seek to correct the misrepresentation of study results. This paper argues that Karl Popper's critical rationalism provides a corrective to the failure of academic freedom in biomedical research. PMID:22013356

McHenry, Leemon

2008-01-01

110

Enhancing Overseas Chinese Graduate Employability: The Case of Chinese Graduates with Finnish Academic Qualifications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores ways to enhance overseas Chinese graduate employability by taking Finnish-educated Chinese students/graduates as an example. In so doing, it understands that graduate employability development is a joint effort of multiple stakeholders including students, graduates, academics, program coordinators, employers, and policymakers.…

Cai, Yuzhuo

2014-01-01

111

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information  

E-print Network

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information Alabama Board of Law Examiners State Bar Admissions Office P.O. Box 671 Montgomery, AL 36101-question multiple-choice exam Subjects Tested MBE Subjects: Constitutional Law, Contracts/Sales, Criminal

Sheridan, Jennifer

112

Jmol-Enhanced Biochemistry Research Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed a protein research project for a one-semester biochemistry lecture class to enhance learning and more effectively train students to understand protein structure and function. During this semester-long process, students select a protein with known structure and then research its structure, sequence, and function. This project…

Saderholm, Matthew; Reynolds, Anthony

2011-01-01

113

KEROGEN OIL VALUE ENHANCEMENT RESEARCH  

SciTech Connect

Three general categories of products from the Estonia Kukersite kerogen oil were defined: pure compounds, broad range concentrates, and sweet refinery feedstock. Product development and market research center on these three categories. Further attempts were made to identify and test chemical approaches for producing lower alkyl resorcinols (what the market requires) from higher alkyl resorcinols. The approaches and process conditions tested have not yet produced satisfactory results. Progress was made to interest industry in the phenolic products producible. A sample of oil from the Galoter retort was received from Estonia and characterization of this sample was initiated. The sample was batch extracted and results of yields and selectivity are reported.

James W. Bunger, Ph.D.; Christopher P. Russell, Ph.D.; Donald E. Cogswell, M.S.

2002-05-22

114

Enhancing the Reading of Peer-Reviewed Research in the Teaching English as a Second Language Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult ESL instructors' engagement with research can enhance instruction but is "a minority activity in our field" (Borg, 2010, p391). We explored instructors' engagement with research; applied linguists' and instructors' conceptions of teacher-friendly, peer-reviewed research articles; and academics' commitment…

Rossiter, Marian J.; Abbott, Marilyn L.; Hatami, Sarvenaz

2013-01-01

115

Developing a Bidirectional Academic–Community Partnership with an Appalachian-American Community for Environmental Health Research and Risk Communication  

PubMed Central

Background: Marietta, Ohio, is an Appalachian-American community whose residents have long struggled with understanding their exposure to airborne manganese (Mn). Although community engagement in research is strongly endorsed by the National Institutes of Health and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in particular, little has been documented demonstrating how an academic–community partnership that implements the community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles can be created and mobilized for research. Objectives: We created a bidirectional, academic–community partnership with an Appalachian-American community to a) identify the community’s thoughts and perceptions about local air quality, its effect on health, and the perception of risk communication sources and b) jointly develop and conduct environmental health research. Methods: We formed a community advisory board (CAB), jointly conducted pilot research studies, and used the results to develop a community-driven research agenda. Results: Persons in the community were “very concerned” to “concerned” about local air quality (91%) and perceived the air quality to have a direct impact on their health and on their children’s health (93% and 94%, respectively). The CAB identified the primary research question: “Does Mn affect the cognition and behavior of children?” Although the community members perceived research scientists as the most trusted and knowledgeable regarding risks from industrial emissions, they received very little risk information from research scientists. Conclusions: Engaging a community in environmental health research from its onset enhanced the quality and relevance of the research investigation. The CBPR principles were a useful framework in building a strong academic–community partnership. Because of the current disconnect between communities and research scientists, academic researchers should consider working collaboratively with community-based risk communication sources. PMID:21680278

Beidler, Caroline; Wittberg, Richard; Meloncon, Lisa; Parin, Megan; Kopras, Elizabeth J.; Succop, Paul; Dietrich, Kim N.

2011-01-01

116

Using ICT to enhance academic learning: Pedagogy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) has created immense opportunities to enhance the educational process at all levels, but especially in university and professional curricula such as architecture. Using the new tools effectively will require that teachers become comfortable with existing new technologies, but more importantly, with the innovations that appear with increasing rapidity. In short, they

Tsung Juang Wang

2008-01-01

117

Home-School Collaboration: Enhancing Children's Academic and Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the school and the home/parents in enhancing the possibilities for students' success. Twenty-four individual chapters by 45 contributors include: (1) "Family Systems and the School" (William Doherty and Vida Peskay); (2) "Home-School Collaboration: Effects, Issues, and Opportunities"…

Christenson, Sandra L., Ed.; Conoley, Jane Close, Ed.

118

Enhancing Astronomy Major Learning Through Group Research Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Arizona Astronomy Club has been using group research projects to enhance the learning experience of undergraduates in astronomy and related fields. Students work on two projects that employ a peer-mentoring system so they can learn crucial skills and concepts necessary in research environments. Students work on a transiting exoplanet project using the 1.55-meter Kuiper Telescope on Mt. Bigelow in Southern Arizona to collect near-UV and optical wavelength data. The goal of the project is to refine planetary parameters and to attempt to detect exoplanet magnetic fields by searching for near-UV light curve asymmetries. The other project is a survey that utilizes the 12-meter Arizona Radio Observatory on Kitt Peak to search for the spectroscopic signature of infall in nearby starless cores. These are unique projects because students are involved throughout the entire research process, including writing proposals for telescope time, observing at the telescopes, data reduction and analysis, writing papers for publication in journals, and presenting research at scientific conferences. Exoplanet project members are able to receive independent study credit for participating in the research, which helps keep the project on track. Both projects allow students to work on professional research and prepare for several astronomy courses early in their academic career. They also encourage teamwork and mentor-style peer teaching, and can help students identify their own research projects as they expand their knowledge.

McGraw, Allison M.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.; Turner, J.; Shirley, Y. L.; Walker-Lafollette, A.; Scott, A.; Guvenen, B.; Raphael, B.; Sanford, B.; Smart, B.; Nguyen, C.; Jones, C.; Smith, C.; Cates, I.; Romine, J.; Cook, K.; Pearson, K.; Biddle, L.; Small, L.; Donnels, M.; Nieberding, M.; Kwon, M.; Thompson, R.; De La Rosa, R.; Hofmann, R.; Tombleson, R.; Smith, T.; Towner, A. P.; Wallace, S.

2013-01-01

119

Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao  

E-print Network

* Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao Department. Abstract This paper addresses the issue of extraction of an academic researcher social network or focused communities such as music communities. Unfortunately, the method is not sufficient for mining

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

120

The Changing Academic Profession in the UK: Setting the Scene. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report provides an initial analysis of issues being investigated in a current international study, the Changing Academic Profession, supported by Universities UK and other national higher education bodies. The research is examining the nature and extent of the changes experienced by the academic profession in recent years, the…

Universities UK, 2007

2007-01-01

121

The Effects of University-Industry Relationships and Academic Research on Scientific Performance: Synergy or Substitution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates whether university-industry relationships (UIR) and academic research activities have complementary effects on the scientific production of university lecturers. The analysis is based on a case study of two Spanish universities. We find that the effects of R&D contracts with industry, and academic research activity on…

Manjarres-Henriquez, Liney; Gutierrez-Gracia, Antonio; Carrion-Garcia, Andres; Vega-Jurado, Jaider

2009-01-01

122

Imagine! On the Future of Teaching and Learning and the Academic Research Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the future, what role will the academic research library play in achieving the mission of higher education? This essay describes seven strategies that academic research libraries can adopt to become future-present libraries--libraries that foster what Douglas Thomas and John Seely Brown have called "a new culture of learning." Written…

Miller, Kelly E.

2014-01-01

123

Troubling Our Desires for Research and Writing within the Academic Development Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I speculate on the work "usefulness" does to regulate the research and writing of the scholarship of academic development project. My argument is not that academic developers ought to repudiate a fidelity to usefulness; rather, I want to expand our ideas for the possibilities of research and writing beyond purposes of institutional…

Peseta, Tai

2007-01-01

124

Implications of Academic Literacies Research for Knowledge Making and Curriculum Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the issue of what academic literacies research can bring to the study of knowledge and curriculum in higher education from a theoretical perspective and by means of illustrations from a work in progress academic literacies research project in the natural sciences. It argues that reading and writing are central to the process…

Paxton, Moragh; Frith, Vera

2014-01-01

125

Examining research productivity of Chinese TEFL academics across departments and institutes  

E-print Network

that teaching effectively can readily occur without reading research or doing research (Zhou 2005). Some may consider it a waste of time and an extra burden on academics (Yang et al. 2001). Nevertheless, there is an abundance of empirical research (e... are research active may help this process (Hao and Zhang, 2007; Yang et al. 2002). TEFL academics need to feel that research is an important part of their employment (Hao and Zhang 2007; Yang et al. 2001). Resources that inspire and stimulate TEFL academics...

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter

2010-01-01

126

The University of Bath's Materials Research Centre brings together academic expertise with international industrial, academic and stakeholder partners to carry out research in different  

E-print Network

The University of Bath's Materials Research Centre brings together academic expertise please contact us using the details overleaf. University of Bath Materials research at Bath #12 currently being undertaken at Bath: The University of Bath is one of the UK's leading research intensive

Burton, Geoffrey R.

127

The incremental variance problem: enhancing the predictability of academic success in an urban, commuter institution.  

PubMed

The authors identified variables that enhance the predictability of academic performance and retention in an urban, commuter college. They used a longitudinal design with 2 waves of data collection: prior to 1st-semester attendance and again 6 semesters later. The results support the following conclusions: (a) After controlling for precollege indices of academic ability, specific variables within demographic, personal behavior, expectations, and attitudinal domains improved the predictability of grade point average by 15.5% for Whites and 20.3% for Blacks; overall, these analyses accounted for 61% of the variance in grade point average for Whites and 47% for Blacks; (b) for retention, the comparable increment in predictability was 2.5% for Whites and less than 1% for Blacks; overall, the percentage of retention variance accounted for was 42% for Whites and 29% for Blacks; and (c) a paradoxical finding was the combination of a positive correlation between high school average and students' expected grades on tests and a negative correlation between expected and actual grades. The paradox is resolved by citing data that demonstrate (a) a disparity between high school grades and independently measured academic accomplishment; (b) the consequent false attributions students draw about their academic abilities; and (c) the impact of these false attributions on the priority students place on their academic responsibilities. PMID:14606732

Weissberg, Norman C; Owen, David R; Jenkins, Adelbert H; Harburg, Ernest

2003-05-01

128

Perceptions of community-based participatory research in the Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative: an academic perspective.  

PubMed

Lower Mississippi Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative (Delta NIRI) is an academic-community partnership between seven academic institutions and three communities in Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. A range of community-based participatory methods have been used to develop sustainable nutrition intervention strategies. Focus groups were conducted with 22 faculty and staff members from the academic partners on the project to document their perceptions of community-based participatory processes in a federally funded, multi-academic-community partnership spanning a decade. Focus groups were conducted to glean insights or lessons from the experiences of academic personnel. Focus groups were transcribed and analyzed using the constant comparative method. Two researchers analyzed each transcript independently and reached consensus on the consistent themes. Participants candidly shared their experiences of working with community members to devise research plans, implement programs, and evaluate outcomes. The majority of faculty and staff members were attracted to this project by an excitement for conducting a more egalitarian and potentially more successful type of research. Yet each academic partner voiced that there was an underlying disconnect between community practices and research procedures during the project. Additional barriers to collaboration and action, located in communities and academic institutions, were described. Academic partners stressed the importance of open and ongoing communication, collective decision-making strategies, and techniques that support power sharing between all parties involved in the project. Findings from this research can inform academic-community partnerships and hopefully improve the community-based participatory research process implemented by academic institutions and communities. PMID:20530639

Downey, Laura Hall; Castellanos, Diana Cuy; Yadrick, Kathy; Avis-Williams, Amanda; Graham-Kresge, Susan; Bogle, Margaret

2011-09-01

129

A FRAMEWORK FOR H-ANIM SUPPORT IN NVES Research Academic Computer Technology Institute (CTI), Greece and  

E-print Network

A FRAMEWORK FOR H-ANIM SUPPORT IN NVES Ch. Bouras Research Academic Computer Technology Institute, Greece chatzipr@ceid.upatras.gr V. Triglianos Research Academic Computer Technology Institute (CTI@ceid.upatras.gr Th. Tsiatsos Department of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and Research Academic

Bouras, Christos

130

Perceptions of community-based participatory research in the delta nutrition intervention research initiative:an academic perspective  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Lower Mississippi Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative (Delta NIRI) is an academic-community partnership between seven academic institutions and three communities in Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. A range of community-based participatory methods have been employed to develop susta...

131

The Council of Research and Academic Libraries: An Example of Interlibrary Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the history, organization, and activities of the Council of Research and Academic Libraries, a multitype library cooperative composed of academic, public and special libraries and located in San Antonio, Texas. The consortium's history is traced from the events preceding and leading to its founding in 1966 to the present time,…

Cain, Mark E.

132

Research and Mapping for MCEECDYA Project: Student Academic Engagement. Report 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Research and Mapping for MCEECDYA Project: Student Academic Engagement was to examine the characteristics of schools with a low Index of Community Socio-Educational Advantage (ICSEA) from all jurisdictions that were identified to be making a difference to student academic and to identify the key drivers and characteristics of…

Ure, Christine; Gray, Jan

2012-01-01

133

Academic Staff Research Productivity: A Study of Universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined academic staff research productivity in Universities in South-South zone of Nigeria. Ex post facto design was adopted for this study. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. The sample size comprised of 480 academic staff drawn from a population of 3120. Data collection was carried out using a…

Usang, Bassey; Basil, Akuegwu; Lucy, Udida; Udey, Franca U.

2007-01-01

134

The Changing Academic Profession in the UK and beyond. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report provides a summary of the UK part of the international study of the changing academic profession, which has been supported by Universities UK and other national higher education bodies. The international study aims to examine the nature and extent of the changes experienced by academics, the reasons for these changes and their…

Locke, William; Bennion, Alice

2010-01-01

135

Temperament, School Adjustment, and Academic Achievement: Existing Research and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, research has been examining the role of temperament in education. In particular, academic achievement and school adjustment were among the first variables to be examined. Subsequently, several studies have documented associations between temperament and either academic achievement or school adjustment. However, no review of this…

Al-Hendawi, Maha

2013-01-01

136

Georgia Teachers in Academic Laboratories: Research Experiences in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Georgia Intern-Fellowships for Teachers (GIFT) is a collaborative effort designed to enhance mathematics and science experiences of Georgia teachers and their students through summer research internships for teachers. By offering business, industry, public science institute and research summer fellowships to teachers, GIFT provides educators with first-hand exposure to the skills and knowledge necessary for the preparation of our future workforce. Since 1991, GIFT has placed middle and high school mathematics, science and technology teachers in over 1000 positions throughout the state. In these fellowships, teachers are involved in cutting edge scientific and engineering research, data analysis, curriculum development and real-world inquiry and problem solving, and create Action Plans to assist them in translating the experience into changed classroom practice. Since 2004, an increasing number of high school students have worked with their teachers in research laboratories. The GIFT program places an average of 75 teachers per summer into internship positions. In the summer of 2005, 83 teachers worked in corporate and research environments throughout the state of Georgia and six of these positions involved authentic research in geoscience related departments at the Georgia Institute of Technology, including aerospace engineering and the earth and atmospheric sciences laboratories. This presentation will review the history and the structure of the program including the support system for teachers and mentors as well as the emphasis on inquiry based learning strategies. The focus of the presentation will be a comparison of two placement models of the teachers placed in geoscience research laboratories: middle school earth science teachers placed in a 6 week research experience and high school teachers placed in 7 week internships with teams of 3 high school students. The presentation will include interviews with faculty to determine the value of these experiences to the scientific community and interviews/classroom observations of teachers to determine the transfer of knowledge from the teacher to the students through the implementation of their Action Plans into their classroom.

Barrett, D.

2005-12-01

137

BERKELEY DIVISION of the Academic Senate COMMITTEE ON RESEARCH  

E-print Network

Grant is open to all eligible Senate members. · In making awards, the committee will not be accepted. · The application form may be accessed at: http://academic-senate- forms.berkeley.edu/forms/cor/cor_frg_app

Doudna, Jennifer A.

138

University Academics' Experience of Research and Its Relationship to Their Experience of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a growing research debate over the relations between university teaching and research. This paper contributes to that debate by describing the variation in the way university academics' experience research, then linking that empirical evidence with previous work to explicate the relations between variation in research, teaching, and…

Prosser, Michael; Martin, Elaine; Trigwell, Keith; Ramsden, Paul; Middleton, Heather

2008-01-01

139

Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Academics' Perceptions about Research in a Transitional Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case study…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

2012-01-01

140

Relating Academics' Ways of Integrating Research and Teaching to Their Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of studies has been carried out regarding the way academics view the research-teaching nexus, while other studies have focused on the students' experience of research-intensive environments. This study links these two research streams, and describes how 12 staff members in a faculty of humanities integrate research into their…

Visser-Wijnveen, Gerda J.; van Driel, Jan H.; van der Rijst, Roeland M.; Visser, Anthonya; Verloop, Nico

2012-01-01

141

Photosynthesis Research 70: 85106, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 85­106, 2001. © 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed analysis, nitrogen fixation, Nostoc punctiforme, oxygenic photosynthesis, symbiosis Abstract Nostoc symbiotic competence with fungi and terrestrial plants, including bryophytes, gymnosperms and an angiosperm

Thiel, Teresa

142

Electronic Commerce Research, 3: 924 (2003) 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Electronic Commerce Research, 3: 9­24 (2003) 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured-services are distributed services that can be accessed programmatically on the Internet, using SOAP messages and the HTTP

Helal, Abdelsalam

143

A service-academic partnership in primary care research: one practice's experience.  

PubMed Central

Further development of a strong research base for general practice is important if the profession is to respond appropriately to its central role in service provision. It can be difficult for general practitioners (GPs) who have not pursued an academic career path to make a significant contribution to research. The development of a service-academic partnership is described, together with an honest account of the difficulties encountered. PMID:14601344

White, Anthony J S; Date, Jan; Taylor, Jane; Kinmonth, Ann Louise

2003-01-01

144

Tomorrow's Professor, Preparing for an Academic/Research Career  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Richard M. Reis, author of Tomorrow's Professor: Preparing for Academic Careers in Science and Engineering, and a former executive officer of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, will discuss the essential elements in preparing for, finding, and succeeding at academic careers in today's higher education environment. He will begin with a no-hold-barred look at the academic enterprise and the important ways it differs for all other institutions in society. The unique nature engineering and science - with a particular emphasis on astronomy and astrophysics - in higher education and the special problems facing new professors in these fields will be looked at next. Dr. Reis will then describe a powerful preparation strategy to make graduate students and postdocs competitive for academic positions while maintaining their options for worthwhile careers in government and industry. He will then explain how to get the offer you want and the start-up package you need to ensure success in your first critical years on the job. Finally, Dr. Reis will summarize essential insights from experienced faculty in all areas of science and engineering on how to develop a rewarding academic career and a quality of life that is both balanced and fulfilling. Plenty of time will be set aside for active interaction and discussion.

Reis, R. M.

1998-12-01

145

Enhancing the capability of the research fleet.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the performance and economics of our vessels and manned platforms are fixed by fundamental principles, their scientific capabilities can be considerably extended through the development of new technology. Potential future systems include multi-beam swath- mapping sonars for 3-D imaging of plankton patchiness, wire-guided profiling velocity sensors for establishing full-ocean-depth velocity profiles, shipboard HF radar (CODAR) for mapping energetic currents, and shipboard Doppler radar for mapping the surface wave spectrum. Research vessel users should have access to undersea gliders and autonomous aircraft as well as the current AUVs. In addition, the use of manned stable platforms in an observatory setting deserves further consideration. As well as providing an ideal mount for meteorological and oceanographic sensors, the platforms can provide electrical power and a "heavy lift" capability for sea floor and water column studies. Concerted community effort will be required to develop these new technologies, not all of which will be commercially viable. A strong academic technology base is necessary.

Pinkel, R.

2012-12-01

146

Strengthening Institutional Research Administration in Uganda: A Case Study on Developing Collaborations among Academic and Research Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the presence of several funded research projects at academic and research institutions in sub-Saharan Africa, the quality of the pre/post grant award process in these institutions is inadequate. There is a need to strengthen research administration through infrastructural, organizational, and human resource development to match the dynamic…

Kakande, Nelson; Namirembe, Regina; Kaye, Dan K.; Mugyenyi, Peter N.

2012-01-01

147

Photosynthesis Research 70: 241243, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 241­243, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, Chris and Alex follow. On behalf of the Editorial Board of Photosynthesis Research, I extend heartfelt honors. Olle was honored recently with a special issue of Photosynthesis Research, Volume 67, Nos. 1­ 2

Govindjee "Gov"

148

Photosynthesis Research 73: 16, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 1­6, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 1 Editorial Celebrating the millennium ­ historical highlights of photosynthesis research of Man, 1924 Early roots of photosynthesis research The English clergyman Stephen Hales published a re

Govindjee "Gov"

149

The future of open access in Croatia: a survey of academic and research libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research paper is to present Croatian librarians' awareness about the importance of institutional open access (OA) repositories. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research is based on an online questionnaire sent to all the Croatian research and academic libraries. Online questionnaire was chosen as the most appropriate tool, as the authors wanted it to be anonymous and

Ivana Hebrang Grgic; Ana Barbaric

2011-01-01

150

Academic Research at a South African Higher Education Institution: Quality Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to critically analyse how a university context influences the quality of academics' research output. Wenger's social theory of learning was used as theoretical framework. The investigation involved an ethnographic case study of the research culture at one college at the institution. Data collection was mainly by means…

Schulze, S.

2008-01-01

151

Idiocentrism-Allocentrism and Academics Self-Efficacy for Research in Beijing Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to explore how self-efficacy is related to academic research activities and how intra-culturally relevant factors may play a role in self-efficacy in the context of higher education in Beijing. In particular, relationships of self-efficacy for research with research productivity and idiocentrism-allocentrism are to be…

Zhao, Jingsong; McCormick, John; Hoekman, Katherine

2008-01-01

152

Breaking down Barriers: Academic Obstacles of First-Generation Students at Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived academic obstacles of first-generation students in comparison to non-first-generation students. Using the Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) completed by approximately 58,000 students from six research universities, the researchers used nonparametric bootstrapping to analyze…

Stebleton, Michael J.; Soria, Krista M.

2012-01-01

153

Conceptualising Higher Education Research and/or Academic Development as "Fields": A Critical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper calls into question the idea that we can simply think about higher education as a research field and explores different meanings of the term field. It asks whether there are related fields: research into higher education, academic development and disciplinary teaching research, rather than one. The approach of the paper is conceptual,…

Clegg, Sue

2012-01-01

154

Teaching, research and service: Experience and opinions of accounting Spanish academics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research, teaching and service are the main activities carried out in almost all European universities. Previous research, which has been mainly centred in North-American universities, has found solid results indicating that research and teaching are not equally valued when deciding on faculty promotion. This conclusion creates a potential conflict for accounting academics on how to distribute working time in order

Ester Oliveras

2001-01-01

155

Reservoir characterization and enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The research in this annual report falls into three tasks each dealing with a different aspect of enhanced oil recovery. The first task strives to develop procedures for accurately modeling reservoirs for use as input to numerical simulation flow models. This action describes how we have used a detail characterization of an outcrop to provide insights into what features are important to fluid flow modeling. The second task deals with scaling-up and modeling chemical and solvent EOR processes. In a sense this task is the natural extension of task 1 and, in fact, one of the subtasks uses many of the same statistical procedures for insight into the effects of viscous fingering and heterogeneity. The final task involves surfactants and their interactions with carbon dioxide and reservoir minerals. This research deals primarily with phenomena observed when aqueous surfactant solutions are injected into oil reservoirs.

Lake, L.W.; Pope, G.A.; Schechter, R.S.

1992-03-01

156

The Academic Ethics of Open Access to Research and Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we present the case for regarding the principles by which scholarly publications are disseminated and shared as a matter of academic ethics. The ethics of access have to do with recognizing people's right to know what is known, as well as the value to humanity of having one of its best forms of arriving at knowledge as widely…

Willinsky, John; Alperin, Juan Pablo

2011-01-01

157

Midsemester Academic Interventions in a Student-Centered Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this descriptive study, the use of a midsemester Success Workshop is evaluated within the context of the persistence and motivation of students placed on academic probation in a state university between 2005 and 2010. Elements of the Success Workshop are described. The self-assessments, workshop evaluation results, and other institutional data…

Boretz, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

158

Researching Academic Writing within a Structured Programme: Insights and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated a Writing for Publication program aimed at enabling academic writers to improve their public output. Monitoring of individuals throughout the program provided evidence of success in terms of "hard" outcomes, such as journal publications and conference presentations, and "soft" outcomes, such as increased confidence and motivation,…

Morss, Kate; Murray, Rowena

2001-01-01

159

Academic Boot Camp for the Writing of Psychology Research Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein, we describe the implementation of, and responses to, a structured writing workshop in the form of an academic boot camp. Participants were 42 undergraduate psychology students from a medium-sized Australian university who were completing their major assignment for the semester. A majority of the students expressed satisfaction with the…

Skues, Jason L.; Wise, Lisa

2014-01-01

160

Living in the basement of the ivory tower: a graduate student's perspective of participatory action research within academic institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

As academic interest grows around participatory action research there is a need to reflect on the ways in which universities are adapting to the presence of alternative research methodologies. This article examines the rapidly expanding field of participatory action research (PAR) as it relates to academic involvement in community research and dialogue. The article concentrates on the advantages and disadvantages

Janet Moore

2004-01-01

161

Research in a non-academic setting: it can be done.  

PubMed

The need for quality research to promote evidence-based practice and optimize patient care is well recognized. This is particularly relevant in orthopedic trauma care, as trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Across the spectrum of academic, clinical, and health care administration physician roles, research remains fundamental to bridging theory, practice, and education. A gap exists, however, between research and practice, especially for those physicians practicing outside traditional academic centers. Orthopedic trauma surgeons are well situated to contribute to important research; however the majority of those in practice at non-academic centers do not have a significant research component structured into their physician role. In this article, the authors outline the importance of orthopedic trauma surgeons outside of academic centers being engaged in research and present some advice on how to effectively participate in these endeavors. In this setting, orthopedic trauma research involvement includes asking researchable questions, being a savvy manager of research collaborators, staff, and funding, and finding one's own level of research involvement. PMID:22089853

Lebus, George F; Collinge, Cory A

2011-12-01

162

Becoming and Being an Academic: The Perspectives of Chinese Staff in Two Research-Intensive UK Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an interview study investigating the experiences of academic acculturation (a process of mutual influence and enrichment with regard to academic practice) of a group of Chinese academic staff in two research-intensive UK universities. Following a systematic content-based analysis, three major themes emerged as salient,…

Jiang, Xiaoli; Di Napoli, Roberto; Borg, Michaela; Maunder, Rachel; Fry, Heather; Walsh, Elaine

2010-01-01

163

PRP is a dedicated academic and research initiative incorporating research, education, and training activities in the fields of  

E-print Network

PRP is a dedicated academic and research initiative incorporating research, education, and training and practices in roadway and airfield design PRP is part of Rutgers' Center for Advanced Infrastructure Mission PRP is a university-based collaborative effort among federal and state agencies, local municipali

Neimark, Alexander V.

164

The Career Enhancement Award for Stem Cell Research (K18)  

Cancer.gov

The Career Enhancement Award for Stem Cell Research (K18) supports investigators who need training and career development in the appropriate use of stem cells in research and have not yet engaged in such research.

165

"Innovation" institutes in academic health centers: enhancing value through leadership, education, engagement, and scholarship.  

PubMed

In the next decade, the biggest change in medicine in the United States will be the organizational transformation of the delivery system. Organizations-including academic health centers-able to achieve better outcomes for less will be the financial winners as new payment models become more prevalent. For medical educators, the question is how to prepare the next generation of physicians for these changes. One solution is the development of new "innovation" or "value" institutes. Around the nation, many of these new institutes are focused on surmounting barriers to value-based care in academic health centers, educating faculty, house staff, and medical students in discussions of cost-conscious care. Innovation institutes can also lead discussions about how value-based care may impact education in environments where there may be less autonomy and more standardization. Quality metrics will play a larger role at academic health centers as metrics focus more on outcomes than processes. Optimizing outcomes will require that medical educators both learn and teach the principles of patient safety and quality improvement. Innovation institutes can also facilitate cross-institutional discussions to compare data on utilization and outcomes, and share best practices that maximize value. Another barrier to cost-conscious care is defensive medicine, which is highly engrained in U.S. medicine and culture. Innovation institutes may not be able to overcome all the barriers to making medical care more cost-conscious, but they can be critical in enabling academic health centers to optimize their teaching and research missions while remaining financially competitive. PMID:25029563

Pines, Jesse M; Farmer, Steven A; Akman, Jeffrey S

2014-09-01

166

The Role of Research in Academic Psychiatric Departments: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors demonstrate the role that research can play in the development of an academic department of psychiatry. Method: The authors explore the challenges and achievements in the transition of one department from a strong clinically- and educationally-centered department to one with an equally strong research focus. Results: The…

Pato, Carlos; Abulseoud, Osama; Pato, Michelle

2011-01-01

167

Photosynthesis Research 53: 6572, 1997. 65 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 53: 65­72, 1997. 65 c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Historical corner A `misplaced chapter' in the history of photosynthesis research; the second publication (1796) on plant processes by Dr Jan Ingen-Housz, MD, discoverer of photosynthesis A bicentenniel

Govindjee "Gov"

168

Photosynthesis Research 80: 113, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 1­13, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 1 Editorial Celebrating the millennium: historical highlights of photosynthesis research, Part 3 laureates in photosynthesis- related areas, Roger Stanier Abstract This paper introduces the third and final

Allen, John F.

169

Photosynthesis Research 73: 1120, 2002. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 73: 11­20, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, historical notes, Nobel and Kettering awards related to photosynthesis Govindjee1 & David W. Krogmann2, 1 2002 Key words: algae, carbon-14, history of photosynthesis research, photosynthesis, plants Abstract

Govindjee "Gov"

170

Photosynthesis Research 38:211-213, 1993. 1993Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 38:211-213, 1993. © 1993Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed, oxygen clock Abstract This issue of Photosynthesis Research is dedicated to the memory of Bessel Kok of biophysics of photosynthesis. We particularly salute his formulation of the '5-step S-state 02 clock,' based

Govindjee "Gov"

171

Photosynthesis Research 70: 325328, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 70: 325­328, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed- thesis (August, 18­23, 2001, Brisbane, Australia), the International Society for Photosynthesis Research-Slack C- 4 pathway of photosynthesis. On behalf of the entire international photosynthesis community

Govindjee "Gov"

172

Academic and/or Company Research? ...Or how should Universities take the  

E-print Network

· Armchair quantum wire · Fuel cells, and energy storage Biomass to Energy and Chemicals. · BiobutanolAcademic and/or Company Research? ...Or how should Universities take the lead with Energy Research Energy Health Urban Sustainability Technology Problem Rice Energy Health Urban Sustainability #12;Energy

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

173

An implementation plan for renewal of the National Academic Research Fleet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Academic Research Fleet is widely regarded as the most capable fleet in the world. Each year this fleet of vessels supports approximately 500 oceanographic research cruises in the waters surrounding the US as well as the global oceans. The Fleet consists of 27 ships ranging in size form 66 feet to 297 feet. Many of these ships entered

A. DeSilva; Larry Atkinson; J. M. Prince

2002-01-01

174

Developing a Sustainable Research Culture in an Independent Academic Medical Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Independent academic medical centers (IAMC) are challenged to develop and support a research enterprise and maintain primary goals of healthcare delivery and financial solvency. Strategies for promoting translational research have been shown to be effective at institutions in the top level of federal funding, but not for smaller IAMCs. The…

Joyce, Jeffrey N.

2013-01-01

175

Creative Research Ethics in the Enterprise University: What Price Academic Freedom?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1990 and 2010, the New Zealand university adopted an enterprise form. The nature of academic work changed commensurate with changes in the external regulatory and funding environment, the internal performative research culture, the proliferation of trans-national researcher networks, and the growing managerial codification of acceptable…

O'Neill, John

2013-01-01

176

The Emergence of Research in the South African Academic Development Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses an analytical framework developed from the work of philosopher Roy Bhaskar and sociologist Margaret Archer to explore the emergence of a body of research on teaching and learning in South African higher education. This research, generated in a field known as "Academic Development" in South Africa and as "Educational Development" in…

Boughey, Chrissie; Niven, Penny

2012-01-01

177

School Engagement for Academically At-Risk Students: A Participatory Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While past literature has explored school engagement in older students, there is less research for younger children specifically, and very little which engages children themselves in the research process. This paper provides insight into school engagement for academically at-risk students in the second year of school through a participatory…

O'Toole, Nadia; Due, Clemence

2015-01-01

178

Bridging the Gap between Academic Research and Regional Development in the Basque Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion in this article focuses on how the gap between academic knowledge and regional development can be bridged, creating conditions for change processes between researchers and regional agents. Institutional entrepreneurs can create regional development organisations and research organisations, but in order to fulfil regional needs it is…

Karlsen, James; Larrea, Miren; Wilson, James R.; Aranguren, Mari Jose

2012-01-01

179

A Complex Systems Framework for Research on Leadership and Organizational Dynamics in Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a historiographical analysis of major leadership and organizational development theories that have shaped our thinking about how we lead and administrate academic libraries. Drawing from behavioral, cognitive, systems, and complexity theories, this article discusses major theorists and research studies appearing over the past century. A complex systems framework is then proposed for future research on leadership and

Donald L. Gilstrap

2009-01-01

180

Spring 2015 Academic Affairs Calendar Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Workshop  

E-print Network

of Research (RCR) module along with face-to-face RCR training. This workshop is offered to help students along with face-to-face RCR training. This workshop is offered to help students fulfill this face1 of 2 Spring 2015 Academic Affairs Calendar Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Workshop Start

Sorin, Eric J.

181

Building Sustainable Academic Research in a "Teaching and Learning" Intensive Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic research is increasingly interdisciplinary, inter-institutional and international. In this context, creating and maintaining the balance in the nexus between research, teaching and learning and industry interaction is central to the operation and reputation of a university-level institute. In seeking sustainability, the perennial…

Jerrams, Steve; Betts, Tony; Carton, Janet

2008-01-01

182

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1996. Detailed Statistic Tables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data contained in this report were collected using the National Science Foundation's (NSF) fiscal year 1996 academic research and development expenditures survey and refer to science and engineering expenditures for separately budgeted research and development (R&D). R&D expenditures were collected from 493 institutions of higher education in the…

Machen, M. Marage, Comp.

183

Technology to Support Writing by Students with Learning and Academic Disabilities: Recent Research Trends and Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trends and findings from a descriptive analysis of 25 years of research studies examining the effectiveness of technology to support the compositional writing of students with learning and academic disabilities are presented. A corpus of 85 applied research studies of writing technology effectiveness was identified from among 249 items in the…

Peterson-Karlan, George R.

2011-01-01

184

Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research…

Cain, Amanda

2002-01-01

185

Academic Freedom and The Research University. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.2.04  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article argues that the principles upon which academic freedom is founded must be elaborated and modified in ways that are relevant to the responsibilities and circumstances of today's universities. The article elucidates the UC's new statement on academic freedom, which honors the long history and tradition of the principles of academic…

Atkinson, Richard C.

2004-01-01

186

Reflexive Research Ethics for Environmental Health and Justice: Academics and Movement Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-engaged research on environmental problems has reshaped researcher–participant relationships, academic-community interaction and the role of community partners in human subjects protection and ethical oversight. We draw on our own and others' research collaborations with environmental health and justice social movement organizations to discuss the ethical concerns that emerge in community-engaged research. In this paper, we introduce the concept of reflexive

Alissa Cordner; David Ciplet; Phil Brown; Rachel Morello-Frosch

2012-01-01

187

Analytic model for academic research productivity having factors, interactions and implications  

PubMed Central

Financial support is dear in academia and will tighten further. How can the research mission be accomplished within new restraints? A model is presented for evaluating source components of academic research productivity. It comprises six factors: funding; investigator quality; efficiency of the research institution; the research mix of novelty, incremental advancement, and confirmatory studies; analytic accuracy; and passion. Their interactions produce output and patterned influences between factors. Strategies for optimizing output are enabled. PMID:22130145

2011-01-01

188

Use of E-Books in an Academic and Research Environment: A Case Study from the Indian Institute of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the use and usability of e-books from the perspectives of users in an academic and research environment. Design/methodology/approach: This study involved an e-mail questionnaire to survey researchers in the academic and research environment of the Indian Institute of Science regarding their use…

Anuradha, K. T.; Usha, H. S.

2006-01-01

189

The Potential of Research-Based Learning for the Creation of Truly Inclusive Academic Communities of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic community in higher education is becoming increasingly fragmented, with arguably the greatest fault line between research and teaching. This paper argues that, through the reinvention of the undergraduate curriculum to focus on student engagement in research and research-type activities, a truly inclusive community of academic…

Smith, Pete; Rust, Chris

2011-01-01

190

Development of a Survey Instrument to Measure TEFL Academics' Perceptions about, Individual and Workplace Characteristics for Conducting Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 30-item survey was devised to determine Chinese TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) academics' potential for conducting research. A five-part Likert scale was used to gather data from 182 academics on four factors: (1) perceptions on teaching-research nexus, (2) personal perspectives for conducting research, (3) predispositions for…

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter; Millwater, Jan; Tones, Megan

2013-01-01

191

A Call for Training the Trainers: Focus on Mentoring to Enhance Diversity in Mental Health Research  

PubMed Central

There is a widening disparity between the proportion of ethnic minority Americans in the population and the number of researchers from these minority groups. One major obstacle in this arena relates to a dearth of mentors for such trainees. The present academic settings are not optimal for development and sustenance of research mentors, especially for mentees from underrepresented minority ethnic groups. Mentoring skills can and should be evaluated and enhanced. Universities, medical schools, and funding agencies need to join hands and implement national- and local-level programs to help develop and reward mentors of junior scientists from ethnic minority groups. PMID:19246662

Twamley, Elizabeth W.; Cardenas, Veronica; Lebowitz, Barry; Reynolds, Charles F.

2009-01-01

192

Bridging the gap between academic research and regulatory health risk assessment of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals.  

PubMed

Regulatory risk assessment is traditionally based primarily on toxicity studies conducted according to standardized and internationally validated test guidelines. However, health risk assessment of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is argued to rely on the efficient integration of findings from academic research. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of current developments to facilitate the use of academic research in regulatory risk assessment of chemicals and how certain aspects of study design and reporting are particularly important for the risk assessment process. By bridging the gap between academic research and regulatory health risk assessment of EDCs, scientific uncertainty in risk assessment conclusions can be reduced, allowing for better targeted policy decisions for chemical risk reduction. PMID:25238457

Beronius, Anna; Hanberg, Annika; Zilliacus, Johanna; Rudén, Christina

2014-12-01

193

Remote sensing research activities related to academic institutions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of research in the educational setting is discussed. Curriculum developments for integrating teaching and research are described. Remote sensing technology is used as an example of bridging the gap between research and application. Recommendations are presented for strengthing research groups.

Myers, V. I.

1980-01-01

194

Report of the 1st meeting of the "Vienna Initiative to Save European Academic Research (VISAER)".  

PubMed

The European Directive 2001/20/EC ("Clinical Trials Directive") was aimed at simplifying and harmonising European clinical research. The directive's attempt represents an important step because many European Member States lack national laws that specifically address details of research, but the goal has been only partly achieved. For academic investigators doing national or multi-national research the new European law and the requirements following its implementation are likely to have the opposite effect. Some areas seem to be of particular concern: trial sponsorship, the ethical review process, the participation of patients who are temporarily not able to consent in clinical trials, in particular the informed consent process, an accepted European registry for all clinical trials, insurance and pharmacovigilance. Furthermore there are fundamental problems of the conduct of clinical trials that could have been foreseen at the time of implementation of the new law, which are impeding academic basic clinical research. The bureaucratic burden for academic investigators has tremendously increased without representing any contribution to patients' safety or to the scientific value of research. Furthermore some large European academic trials cannot be conducted anymore due to the new regulations. This result in a reduction in the number of trials and additionally in a reduction in the number of patients enrolled in a study. European research and thus European patients will suffer from the loss of potential benefits of research. The Vienna Initiative to Save European Academic Research (VISEAR) brings together leading stakeholders from academic research groups and interested parties from industry, international organisations and regulatory authorities to focus on the issues of concern regarding the organisational and funding of academic clinical research in order to improve the development and use of medicines in Europe. The first step of the initiative was a meeting held on May 30, 2005 in Vienna. The resumés of the six parallel working groups are presented in this supplement of the Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, a position paper with recommendations in relation to the EU Clinical Trials Directive and medical research involving incapacitated adults has been published separately. PMID:16783888

Druml, Christiane; Singer, Ernst A; Wolzt, Michael

2006-04-01

195

Enhancing Peer Cultures of Academic Effort and Achievement in Early Adolescence: Promotive Effects of the Seals Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer cultures of effort and achievement influence early adolescents' academic adjustment. A randomized controlled trials design was used to test the extent to which aspects of peer cultures of effort and achievement were enhanced following teachers' participation in the Supporting Early Adolescents' Learning and Social Success…

Hamm, Jill V.; Farmer, Thomas W.; Lambert, Kerrylin; Gravelle, Maggie

2014-01-01

196

The academic enhancement program: encouraging students to learn about learning as part of their computing science courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) at Simon Fraser University has been created to support student learning by integrating activities that introduce students to basic learning theory and strategies into core first-year Computing Science (CS) courses. Program activities include two required workshops run specifically for the CS courses, tailored to course topics. The AEP also includes a third \\

Diana Cukierman; Donna McGee Thompson

2009-01-01

197

Using Book Clubs to Enhance Social-Emotional and Academic Learning with Urban Adolescent Females of Color  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to elucidate how book clubs can be used as a forum to enhance students' social-emotional and academic learning. The author conducted a study in a small urban high school with 2 different book clubs: The younger group consisted of 2 African American 9th graders, 2 Latina 9th graders, and 1 African American 10th…

Polleck, Jody N.

2011-01-01

198

Development of a Regional Nursing Research Partnership for Academic and Practice Collaborations  

PubMed Central

Background. Collaborative nursing research across academic and practice settings is imperative to generate knowledge to improve patient care. Models of academic/practice partnerships for nursing research are lacking. This paper reports data collected before and during a one-day retreat for nurse researchers and administrators from local universities and health care organizations designed to establish a regional nursing research partnership. Methods. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to address the study aims: (1) to assess research involvement and institutional research resources; (2) to assess interest in and concerns regarding cross-institutional collaborations; and (3) to describe perceptions of the purpose of a partnership and resources needed to ensure success. Results. Participants (n = 49) had differing perceptions of accessibility to resources; participants in practice settings reported less accessibility to resources, notably grant development, informatics, and research assistant support. Participants were interested in collaboration although concerns about conflict of interest were expressed. Four themes related to partnering were identified: harnessing our nursing voice and identity; developing as researchers; staying connected; and positioning for a collaborative project. Conclusion. Academic-practice research collaborations will become increasingly important with health care system changes. Strategies to develop and sustain productive partnerships should be supported. PMID:23984059

Tubbs-Cooley, Heather L.; Martsolf, Donna S.; Pickler, Rita H.; Morrison, Caroline F.; Wardlaw, Cassie E.

2013-01-01

199

Towards a portal and search engine to facilitate academic and research collaboration in engineering and education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While international academic and research collaborations are of great importance at this time, it is not easy to find researchers in the engineering field that publish in languages other than English. Because of this disconnect, there exists a need for a portal to find Who's Who in Engineering Education in the Americas. The objective of this thesis is to built an object-oriented architecture for this proposed portal. The Unified Modeling Language (UML) model developed in this thesis incorporates the basic structure of a social network for academic purposes. Reverse engineering of three social networks portals yielded important aspects of their structures that have been incorporated in the proposed UML model. Furthermore, the present work includes a pattern for academic social networks..

Bonilla Villarreal, Isaura Nathaly

200

How to Channel the Data Deluge in Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the best ways to organize the mass quantities of data that researchers generate, and to share those data to engender new research? Scott Carlson, a senior reporter at "The Chronicle", asked Michael C. Witt, an assistant professor of library science and an interdisciplinary research librarian at Purdue University Libraries and its…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 2008

2008-01-01

201

Mediating Academic Research: The Assessment Reform Group Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interface between education research and education policy in the UK has been discussed, explored and redefined over nearly two decades since the "Education Reform Act" of 1988. This contribution analyses how one group of researchers, in the field of assessment, has attempted to exploit the potential for evidence from research to influence…

Daugherty, Richard

2007-01-01

202

Measuring Research "Impact" for Academic Promotion: Issues from the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Around the world, governments and the higher education sector are being asked to become more accountable for the money they spend on research funding. Research quality measurement exercises, such as the Excellence in Research for Australia initiative, use a number of agreed indicators to measure, analyse and report on various institution and…

Smith, Kylie M.; Crookes, Ellie; Crookes, Patrick A.

2013-01-01

203

Feudalism and Academia: UK Academics' Accounts of Research Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our knowledge of research cultures in university education departments is still evolving, particularly in connection with the departments which have achieved a high ranking in the UK government's Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), and also the conditions under which "knowledge workers" operate are under-researched, although this is beginning to…

Holligan, Christopher

2011-01-01

204

Characteristics and Causes for Non-Accrued Clinical Research (NACR) at an Academic Medical Institution  

PubMed Central

Background The impact of non-accrued clinical research (NACR) represents an important economic burden that is under consideration as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services looks into reforming the regulations governing IRB review. NACR refers to clinical research projects that fail to enroll subjects. A delineation of the issues surrounding NACR is expected to enhance subject accrual and to minimize occurrence of NACR. The authors assessed demographics, characteristics, and reasons for NACR at an academic medical center, including time trends, funding source, research team (principal investigator, department), IRB resource utilization (IRB level of review, number of required IRB reviews, initial IRB turn-around time, and duration of NACR). Methods The authors analyzed data from 848 clinical research study closures during 2010 and 2011 to determine proportion, incidence, and characteristics of NACR. Studies with subject enrollment during the same time period were used as a comparative measure. Results Data from 704 (83.0%) study closures reported enrollment of 1 or more subjects while 144 (17.0 %) reported NACR (zero enrollment). PI-reported reasons for NACR included: 32 (22.2%) contract or funding issues; 43 (30.0%) insufficient study-dedicated resources; 41 (28.4%) recruitment issues; 17 (11.8%) sponsor-initiated study closure and 11 (7.6%) were “other/reason unreported”. Conclusions NACR is not uncommon, affecting about one in six clinical research projects in the study population and reported to be more common in some other institutions. The complex and fluid nature of research conduct, non-realistic enrollment goals, and delays in both the approval and/or accrual processes contribute to NACR. Results suggest some simple strategies that investigators and institutions may use to reduce NACR, including careful feasibility assessment, reduction of institutional delays, and prompt initiation of subject accrual for multi-center studies using competitive enrollment. Institutional action to support investigators in the conduct clinical research is also encouraged to reduce likelihood of NACR. PMID:23671544

Tice, Debra G.; Carroll, Kelly A.; Bhatt, Karishma H.; Belknap, Steven M.; Mai, David; Gipson, Heather J.; West, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

205

Workplace Influences on Chinese TEFL Academics' Development as Researchers: A Study of Two Chinese Higher Education Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace influences on Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) academics' development as researchers were examined in two Chinese higher education institutions in this qualitative collective case study. Data sources included research documentation and interviews with 12 Chinese TEFL academics. Both institutions were keen on…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

2013-01-01

206

Female Academic Department Chairs at a Public, Very High Research Activity University: Exploring Their Career Pathways to Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advancement of women into academic leadership remains a problem facing public, high-research activity universities. While there are more women who are qualified to assume the position of department chair in research institutions today than there were 30 years ago, women still lag behind their male counterparts in holding these academic…

St. Marthe, Tamara Jaslene Marcelle

2012-01-01

207

Photosynthesis Research 59: 249254, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 59: 249­254, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed for the evolution of one molecule of oxygen in photosynthesis: A historical note Govindjee Departments 1999 Key words: history of photosynthesis, maximum quantum yield of photosynthesis, oxygen evolution

Govindjee "Gov"

208

Photosynthesis Research 52: 175185, 1997. c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 52: 175­185, 1997. c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Historical corner Carotenoid-sensitized photosynthesis: Quantum efficiency, fluorescence of photosynthesis in a diatom was almost the same whether incident light was absorbed by chlorophyll

Govindjee "Gov"

209

Photosynthesis Research 62: 117119, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 62: 117­119, 1999. © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the potential of `photosynthesis as a clean energy resource', ever advocating the role of plants (biomass to the photosynthesis community but also to many world- wide networks of specialists on biomass, agriculture, renewable

Govindjee "Gov"

210

Photosynthesis Research 58: 259268, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 58: 259­268, 1998. © 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed photosynthesis from photoinhibition Michael J. Behrenfeld1,, Ondrej Prasil2, Zbigniew S. Kolber1, Marcel Babin3 yield of photosynthesis. However, we found that light-saturated photosynthetic rates (Pmax) in natural

Babin, Marcel

211

Photosynthesis Research 80: 447460, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 447­460, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 447 General appendix A list of photosynthesis conferences and of edited books in photosynthesis: edited books in photosynthesis, Helmut Metzner, photosynthesis conferences, symposia volumes, Jan Barth

Govindjee "Gov"

212

Photosynthesis Research 76: 6572, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 76: 65­72, 2003. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 65 Minireview Period-four oscillations of the flash-induced oxygen formation in photosynthesis. Beginning with the discovery of photosynthesis by Joseph Priestley in the 1770s (Priestley 1772), and up

213

Impact of Transformative Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education on Academic Institutions. Workshop Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2008, a two-day workshop was held in Arlington, Virginia with the goal of defining the progress of interdisciplinary research and graduate education and their impacts on academic institutions. The workshop was sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Directorate of Education and Human Resources, Division of Graduate Education,…

Van Hartesveldt, Carol; Giordan, Judith

2008-01-01

214

English for Academic Possibilities: The Research Proposal as a Contested Site in Postgraduate Genre Pedagogy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the genre of the post graduate research proposal as an institutional requirement for international graduate students in an Australian university. Following a survey of attitudes and practices of supervisors, reflects on the political and social dimensions of the role of English for academic purposes (EAP) teachers and reconceptualizes EAP…

Cadman, Kate

2002-01-01

215

Sustainability and energy efficiency : Research implications from an academic roundtable and two case examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to attempt to answer the questions posed by the special issue editors using insights from leading academics in the field and case examples drawn from two renowned global companies. It also aims to define potential avenues for further research in the thematic areas covered. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper uses a roundtable discussion

Remko van Hoek; Mark Johnson

2010-01-01

216

Academic Procrastination and the Performance of Graduate-Level Cooperative Groups in Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which academic procrastination predicted the performance of cooperative groups in graduate-level research methods courses. A total of 28 groups was examined (n = 83 students), ranging in size from 2 to 5 (M = 2.96, SD = 1.10). Multiple regression analyses revealed that neither within-group mean nor within-group…

Jiao, Qun G.; DaRos-Voseles, Denise A.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

217

Photosynthesis Research 70: 245247, 2001. 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

to as the `black box of photosynthesis' because it was the least understood process of photosynthesis at that timePhotosynthesis Research 70: 245­247, 2001. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed by the RIAS biologists to make several important discoveries in photosynthesis. #12;246 With technician Iris

Meier, Iris

218

Photosynthesis Research 76: 241245, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 76: 241­245, 2003. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed photochemical reaction involved in the formation of oxygen is not a first-order process. We concluded ­ photosystem; RC ­ reaction center Introduction Modern studies in photosynthesis begins with the classical

219

Study of the Performance and Characteristics of U.S. Academic Research Institution Technology Commercialization (ARITC)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation aims to provide a better understanding of the technology licensing practices of academic research institutions. The study identifies time durations in licensing and incorporates these into a model to evaluate licensing performance. Performance is measured by the efficiency of an institution's technology licensing process and…

Kim, Jisun

2012-01-01

220

A Complex Systems Framework for Research on Leadership and Organizational Dynamics in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a historiographical analysis of major leadership and organizational development theories that have shaped our thinking about how we lead and administrate academic libraries. Drawing from behavioral, cognitive, systems, and complexity theories, this article discusses major theorists and research studies appearing over the past…

Gilstrap, Donald L.

2009-01-01

221

Introducing the College Student to Academic Inquiry: An Individualized Course in Library Research Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a course designed to equip students to use library resources while conducting academic research. By employing the methods of individualized instruction, a minimal teaching staff can direct the learning of large groups of students. Identifiable competencies are developed and can be assessed in: (1) the critical thinking which…

Blum, Mark E.; Spangehl, Stephen

222

Productivity and Academic Assessment in Brazil: Challenges for Qualitative Health Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the challenges to the qualitative health research approach, under the regime of productivity that rules current academic evaluation in many countries. The analysis considers aspects common to several contexts, illustrating the discussion with the Brazilian context and, more specifically, within the dynamics of the collective…

Bosi, Maria Lucia Magalhaes

2012-01-01

223

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 80: 1521, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

of cancer (breast, colon, kidney, lung, ovarian, prostate, uterine, oligodendroglioma, glioblastoma and germBreast Cancer Research and Treatment 80: 15­21, 2003. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Report High serum YKL-40 levels in patients with primary breast cancer is related to short

Price, Paul A.

224

Photosynthesis Research 80: 137155, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Photosynthesis Research 80: 137­155, 2004. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in revised form 19 November 2003 Key words: cation effects, chlorophyll fluorescence, delayed light (delayed-light provides us with an oxygenic atmosphere and protection against UV radiation (in the form of the ozone layer

Govindjee "Gov"

225

Scientific objectives of the second programme of Cooperation for Academic and Scientific Research  

E-print Network

a sustainable form of development, reducing poverty and food insecurity and fighting certain diseases in partnership between academic and research establishments of countries of Africa and the Indian Ocean1 Promotion Universitaire et Scientifique, Cooperation with Africa and Madagascar for the Promotion

226

The Dislocation of Teaching and Research and the Reconfiguring of Academic Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between teaching and research is a touchstone in thinking about higher education. However, the last 40 years has seen the "dislocation" of these core academic activities as a result of policy and operational decisions to distinguish the way they are funded, managed, assessed and rewarded. The activities of "teaching" and…

Locke, William

2012-01-01

227

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 82: 6169, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 82: 61­69, 2003. © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed for metastatic breast cancer Anne-Renee Hartman, Amy Grekowicz, Bert L. Lum, Robert W. Carlson, Christine University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA Key words: metastatic breast cancer, oral chemotherapy

Ford, James

228

Using the Web as a Research Source: Implications for L2 Academic Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As scholars increasingly view the World Wide Web (the Web) as a legitimate research resource in academic writing, questions remain regarding how Web sources, as new media, influence the writing of second and foreign language (L2) learners. Via a 17-item questionnaire and an analysis of the references to 243 Web sources in the essays of 43 Japanese…

Stapleton, Paul

2005-01-01

229

What Research Says: The Effects of Reward Systems on Academic Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines educational research on the effects of rewards and punishments on students' academic performance. Discusses findings on the effects of extrinsic and intrinsic rewards, locus of control with students or teacher, the benefits of celebrations and rewards, and implications for the classroom. (JPB)

Wilson, Lucinda M.; Corpus, Deborah A.

2001-01-01

230

Replication Research in Comparative Genre Analysis in English for Academic Purposes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years a number of comparative studies based on an established approach to genre analysis have been published in the English for Academic Purposes (EAP) literature. Studies in this emerging strand of research typically aim to identify how the rhetorical structure of a particular genre (a text type) or part of a genre may vary across…

Basturkmen, Helen

2014-01-01

231

Opening up Academic Biomedical Research - Duration: 1:09:37.  

NASA Video Gallery

Eva Guinan, MD, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Associate Direction, Center for Clinical and Translational Research at Harvard Medical School, was featured during the September 7, 2011 Innovatio...

232

Academics' Attitudes towards PhD Students' Teaching: Preparing Research Higher Degree Students for an Academic Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study of 473 academics in a metropolitan university investigated the attitudes of academic supervisors towards training for university teaching for doctoral students. The study investigated academic supervisors' levels of awareness and knowledge of teacher training opportunities, the relative importance of teaching--both lecturing…

Jepsen, Denise M.; Varhegyi, Melinda M.; Edwards, Daniel

2012-01-01

233

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today's Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

234

Leadership: Developing a research agenda for academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of books and journal articles on leadership is large and constantly increasing. Those writings might advance or evaluate different theories and test their application in different settings. The purpose of this article is to stimulate the amount and type of research on the topic appearing in the literature of library and information science. The research discussed is grouped

Peter Hernon; Candy Schwartz

2008-01-01

235

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today's Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate…

Epps, Sharon K.

2008-01-01

236

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today’s Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

237

Assessing Research Productivity: Evaluating Journal Publication across Academic Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical faculty publications over a three-year period were used to analyze relative research productivity of one medical school's basic and clinical science departments. Journal citation ratings, number of authors, and faculty member's byline position were used as criteria. Departments varied greatly in research productivity, correlated with…

Ellwein, Leon B; And Others

1989-01-01

238

Electronic Publishing: Research Issues for Academic Librarians and Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

INCREASED RELIANCE ON ELECTRONIC RESOURCES requires examination of the roles of librarians in several key ways. This paper addresses the need for further research into three important areas of electronic publishing. How is the change to digtal information sources af€ecting the scholarly work of college and university students? Previous research shows that students rely on Web and online resources and

Carol Tenopir

2003-01-01

239

Students as Members of University-based Academic Research Ethics Boards: A Natural Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

University based academic Research Ethics Boards (REB) face the particularly difficult challenge of trying to achieve representation\\u000a from a variety of disciplines, methodologies and research interests. Additionally, many are currently facing another decision\\u000a – whether to have students as REB members or not. At Ryerson University, we are uniquely situated. Without a medical school\\u000a in which an awareness of the

Nancy A. Walton; Alexander G. Karabanow; Jehangir Saleh

2008-01-01

240

Starting and Maintaining and Academic Year Undergraduate Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developing a meaningful research program for undergraduate students can be tricky, and some faculty members may be looking for a resource to help them with such an endeavor. Recently, a joint panel of experts convened by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) met up to discuss how to effectively mentor undergraduate research. The panelists included Sarah Spence Adams, Rebecca Garcia, Rick Gillman, Darren Narayan, and Daniel Schaal, and the summary of their discussion can be found here. They were asked to talk about five different topics, including purposes for doing undergraduate research and the characteristics of good undergraduate research problems. After reading the short summaries of each of the five topics, visitors can view each panelist's original presentation or presentation notes.

Adams, Sarah Spence

2009-01-01

241

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership (CDRP): Linking Academic & Community Radiation Oncology  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership (CDRP): Linking University & Community Radiation Oncology to Improve Cancer Outcomes Patrick D. Maguire, M.D. New Hanover Radiation Oncology Wilmington, NC CDRP: Partnerships in Radiation Oncology The Problem Clinical

242

Community-academic partnerships in HIV-related research: a systematic literature review of theory and practice  

PubMed Central

Introduction Community involvement in HIV research has increased over recent years, enhancing community-academic partnerships. Several terms have been used to describe community participation in research. Clarification is needed to determine whether these terms are synonymous or actually describe different research processes. In addition, it remains unclear if the role that communities play in the actual research process follows the recommendations given in theoretical frameworks of community-academia research. Objectives The objective of this study is to review the existing terms and definitions regarding community-academic partnerships and assess how studies are implementing these in relation to conceptual definitions. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted in PubMed. Two reviewers independently assessed each article, applying the following inclusion criteria: the article must be published in English before 2013; it must provide an explicit definition and/or defining methodology for a term describing research with a community component; and it has to refer to HIV or AIDS, reproductive health and/or STDs. When disagreements about the relevance of an article emerged, a third reviewer was involved until concordance was reached. Data were extracted by one reviewer and independently verified by a second. Qualitative data were analyzed using MaxQDA for content and thematic analyses while quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Community feedback on data analysis and presentation of results was also incorporated. Results In total, 246 articles were retrieved, 159 of which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The number of studies that included community participation in the field of HIV research increased between 1991 and 2012, and the terms used to describe these activities have changed, moving away from action research (AR) to participatory action research (PAR), community-based research (CBR) and community-based participatory research (CBPR), with the latter being the most commonly used term. While definitions of all terms had common characteristics (e.g. participation of community in research process), they varied with regard to the emphasis placed on these characteristics. The nature of community participation in reviewed studies differed considerably from that described in theoretical models. Conclusions This study indicates the increase of participatory approaches in HIV research and underlines the need for clarification of terms and a framework providing orientation to community-academia partnerships. PMID:25630823

Brizay, Ulrike; Golob, Lina; Globerman, Jason; Gogolishvili, David; Bird, Mara; Rios-Ellis, Britt; Rourke, Sean B; Heidari, Shirin

2015-01-01

243

Estimating the prevalence of researcher misconduct: a study of UK academics within biological sciences  

PubMed Central

Misconduct in academic research is undoubtedly increasing, but studies estimating the prevalence of such behaviour suffer from biases inherent in researching sensitive topics. We compared the unmatched-count technique (UCT) and the crosswise-model (CM), two methods specifically designed to increase honest reporting to sensitive questions, with direct questioning (DQ) for five types of misconduct in the biological sciences. UCT performed better than CM and either outperformed or produced similar estimates to DQ depending on the question. Estimates of academic misconduct increased with decreasing seriousness of the behaviour, from c. 0% for data fabrication to >68% for inappropriate co-authorship. Results show that research into even minor issues of misconduct, is sensitive, suggesting that future studies should consider using specialised questioning techniques as they are more likely to yield accurate figures. PMID:25250215

St. John, Freya A.V.

2014-01-01

244

Natives and Academics: Researching and Writing about American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology provides Native perspectives on the ethics of researching, writing about, and teaching about American Indians, and may be used as a text for discussion in American Indian Studies classes. Leading Native scholars discuss the representativeness of Native informants, the merits of various data collection methods, the role and veracity…

Mihesuah, Devon A., Ed.

245

PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH  

E-print Network

of Economic Research (presenter) Dr. Patrick Aebischer, President of EPFL (discussant) Dr. Dominique Foray- cussion, which will be introduced by Patrick Aebischer. #12;Paula Stephan est sans doute l'économiste la introduite par Patrick Aebischer. Paula Stephan ist wahrscheinlich die be- kannteste �konomin im Feld der

246

Sustainability Accounting Courses, Talloires Declaration and Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to identify the offering and nature (scope) of sustainability accounting courses at universities that have signed the Talloires Declaration and also at universities with prominent sustainability accounting researchers' affiliations. For this purpose a university web sites content analysis for sustainability…

Khan, Tehmina

2013-01-01

247

Ontario Universities: Academic Assessment, Assessment of Research, Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides an overview of the 17 universities in the Province of Ontario, describing undergraduate and graduate program offerings, sources of operating income and research funding, and linkages between the universities and the private sector. The first section includes a discussion of the appraisal process used to assess both graduate…

Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

248

From Research to Practice: Promoting Academic Competence for Underserved Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over many decades, the efforts of researchers to understand key issues in the reading performance of those children most at risk for developing later reading problems has been relentless. This article presents the author's commentary to three studies: (1) Vanderwood, Linklater, and Healy (2008); (2) Edl, Jones, and Estell (2008); and (3) Baker et…

Shapiro, Edward S.

2008-01-01

249

Student Engagement Research in Higher Education: Questioning an Academic Orthodoxy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests that student engagement research is not often investigated critically. It attempts to change this. After briefly outlining a conceptual framework for student engagement, it explores three critical questions about it. First, it asks whether in trying to be all things in teaching and learning, student engagement focuses too…

Zepke, Nick

2014-01-01

250

Comparative study of an externship program versus a corporate-academic cooperation program for enhancing nursing competence of graduating students  

PubMed Central

Background New graduates report intense stress during the transition from school to their first work settings. Managing this transition is important to reduce turnover rates. This study compared the effects of an externship program and a corporate-academic cooperation program on enhancing junior college students’ nursing competence and retention rates in the first 3 months and 1 year of initial employment. Methods This two-phase study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design. All participants were graduating students drawn from a 5-year junior nursing college in Taiwan. There were 19 and 24 students who participated in the phase I externship program and phase II corporate-academic cooperation program, respectively. The nursing competence of the students had to be evaluated by mentors within 48 hours of practicum training and after practicum training. The retention rate was also surveyed at 3 months and 1 year after beginning employment. Results Students who participated in the corporate-academic cooperation program achieved a statistically significant improvement in nursing competence and retention rates relative to those who participated in the externship program (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Conclusions The corporate-academic cooperation program facilitates the transition of junior college nursing students into independent staff nurses, enhances their nursing competence, and boosts retention rates. PMID:23945287

2013-01-01

251

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Community Outreach, Academic and Research Collaboration, and Education and Support Services (IT-CARES)  

PubMed Central

Introduction The purpose of this study is to examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing community outreach, academic and research collaboration, and education and support services (IT-CARES) in an academic setting. Methods A survey was deployed to assess the ICT needs in an academic setting. The survey was developed using the Delphi methodology. Questionnaire development was initiated by asking key stakeholders involved in community outreach, academic, research, education, and support to provide feedback on current ICT issues and future recommendations for relevant ICT tools that would be beneficial to them in their job, and to capture current ICT issues. Participants were asked to rate the level of importance of each ICT question on five-point Likert scales. Results The survey was sent to 359 participants, including faculty, staff, and students. The total number of respondents was 96, for a 27 percent response rate. The majority of the participants (54.1 percent, n = 46) placed a high importance on learning the available research capabilities of the college. The majority of the participants placed moderate (43.5 percent, n = 37) to high importance (40 percent, n = 34) on having an intranet that could support collaborative grant writing. A majority of the participants attributed high importance to learning to interact with the online learning management system Blackboard. A majority of the participants agreed that social media should being more actively utilized for diverse activities for academic and research purposes. Conclusion The study helped to identify the current needs and challenges faced by professionals and students when interacting with ICT. More research is needed in order to effectively integrate the use of ICT in the field of higher education, especially related to the modern global public health context. PMID:24159275

Joshi, Ashish; Meza, Jane; Costa, Sergio; Puricelli Perin, Douglas Marcel; Trout, Kate; Rayamajih, Atul

2013-01-01

252

Transfer of academic research: uncovering the grey zone  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we respond to calls for further investigation on why and how scientists choose to commercialize their research.\\u000a Mowery (University entrepreneurship and technology transfer: process design, and intellectual property, Elsevier, Oxford 2005), in his criticism of the US-system, emphasizes the need for multiple channels between university and industry. His argument\\u000a makes the case of Sweden interesting, where the

Anna S. Nilsson; Annika Rickne; Lars Bengtsson

2010-01-01

253

Use of e-books in an academic and research environment : A case study from the Indian Institute of Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the use and usability of e-books from the perspectives of users in an academic and research environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study involved an e-mail questionnaire to survey researchers in the academic and research environment of the Indian Institute of Science regarding their use of e-books. Findings – The responses indicated

K. T. Anuradha; H. S. Usha

2006-01-01

254

Embedding research activities to enhance student learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper's novel, research-oriented approach is to embed research-based activities in a core second-year course of a university business degree program to support and develop student research capabilities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The design draws on Boud and Prosser's work to foster participation in a learner-centred, discipline-based approach. Activities rely on technology supports and mixed delivery modes

Cynthia M. Webster; Jacqueline Kenney

2011-01-01

255

Introduction to the special issue: behavioral interventions to enhance academic outcomes.  

PubMed

The purpose of Behavior Modification's special issue on academics is to feature a collection of studies involving behavioral interventions designed to improve academic outcomes. Studies published in this special issue address a variety of academic subjects (e.g., reading, science, social studies) for students with learning, emotional, behavioral, and developmental disabilities. A total of three rigorous literature reviews and six well-designed intervention studies are presented. The studies included in the special issue clearly illustrate the potential benefit of behavioral interventions designed to improve academic performance and related behaviors (e.g., task engagement, school readiness). PMID:25643923

Lang, Russell; Rispoli, Mandy

2015-01-01

256

Big Questions, Small Works, Lots of Layers: Documentary Video Production and the Teaching of Academic Research and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documentary movie making is not academic writing. Nor is it traditional academic research. However, I have found it to be a remarkable vehicle for teaching both of these things...each semester I am amazed and humbled by the creativity and sincerity that my students bring to their work.

Halbritter, Bump; Blon, Noah; Creighton, Caron

2011-01-01

257

Can the Democratic Ideal of Participatory Research Be Achieved? An Inside Look at an Academic-Indigenous Community Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democratic or equal participation in decision making is an ideal that community and academic stakeholders engaged in participatory research strive to achieve. This ideal, however, may compete with indigenous peoples' right to self-determination. Study objectives were to assess the perceived influence of multiple community (indigenous) and academic…

Cargo, Margaret; Delormier, Treena; Levesque, Lucie; Horn-Miller, Kahente; McComber, Alex; Macaulay, Ann C.

2008-01-01

258

Choosing Whether to Resist or Reinforce the New Managerialism: The Impact of Performance-Based Research Funding on Academic Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses four academics' gendered and cultural responses to life in a university in Aotearoa New Zealand under the new managerialist regime. Performance Based Research Funding (PBRF) requires academics to submit evidence-based portfolios every six years to categorise and rank them, with government funding assigned accordingly. When the…

Waitere, Hine Jane; Wright, Jeannie; Tremaine, Marianne; Brown, Seth; Pause, Cat Jeffrey

2011-01-01

259

Adaptation of Chinese Graduate Students to the Academic Integrity Requirements of a U.S. University: A Mixed Methods Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed method study was to investigate how graduates originating from mainland China adapt to the U.S. academic integrity requirements. In the first, quantitative phase of the study, the research questions focused on understanding the state of academic integrity in China. This guiding question was divided into two sub-questions,…

Jian, Hu

2012-01-01

260

"Blogfolios" and Their Role in the Development of Research Projects in an Advanced Academic Literacy Class for ESL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on "blogfolios", online interactive blog-based portfolios, developed by students for class projects in Electronic Literacy. Blogfolios may contain interactive images, podcasts, and web-log discussions on a variety of researched academic topics. The impact of academic blogfolios on the second language learner's…

Ananyeva, Maria

2014-01-01

261

Aligning Research and Policy on Social-Emotional and Academic Competence for Young Children  

PubMed Central

Research Findings The purpose of this article is to describe current education policies as they relate to the promotion of social, emotional, and academic (SEA) development and competence for young children. Academic and social–emotional competencies are described and conceptualized as developmentally linked, reciprocal processes that should be supported by education in an integrated, holistic manner. Practice or Policy The article reviews major public policies and national initiatives that have implications for the education of young children (e.g., Head Start, No Child Left Behind, IDEA) and highlights opportunities within these policies to promote programs that can support SEA competencies, as well as the limitations of these policies. The article also includes a review of the limitations of existing resources available to educators to identify evidence-based programs that support SEA competencies and concludes with recommendations for better alignment between research and policy to support SEA competencies. PMID:25632216

Nadeem, Erum; Maslak, Kristi; Chacko, Anil; Hoagwood, Kimberly Eaton

2014-01-01

262

NASA Research Announcement for Space Suit Survivability Enhancement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the research activities for space suit survivability material enhancements. Self-sealing mechanisms for the pressure envelope were addressed, as were improvements in materials for cut, puncture, and hypervelocity impact resistance.

Fredrickson, Thad H.; Ware, Joanne S.; Lin, John K.; Pastore, Christopher M.

1998-01-01

263

Original Research Manganese-Enhanced MRI Reveals Multiple  

E-print Network

Original Research Manganese-Enhanced MRI Reveals Multiple Cellular and Vascular Layers in Normal,6* Purpose: To use manganese-enhanced magnetic reso- nance imaging (MEMRI) at 25 Ã? 25 Ã? 800 mm3 to image different retinal and vascular layers in the rat retinas. Materials and Methods: Manganese

Duong, Timothy Q.

264

Minority Student Perceptions of the Impact of Mentoring to Enhance Academic Performance in STEM Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Benjamin Banneker Scholars Program (BBSP) was designed at an HBCU to increase the academic performance, retention, and graduation of minority students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). At the end of each academic year, students completed a BBSP Post-Program Satisfaction Survey. Each year Mentoring was consistently…

Kendricks, Kimberly D.; Nedunuri, K. V.; Arment, Anthony R.

2013-01-01

265

Supporting Academic Improvement among Eighth Graders at Risk for Retention: An Action Research Intervention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recent changes in the field of school counseling have called for professional school counselors to provide evidence of the effect their work has on the academic success of their students. This article presents the findings of a multi-faceted action research intervention designed to help students at risk for retention. Findings indicate that students participating in the intervention did improve their grades. Implications for school counselors wanting to lead such programs are discussed.

E. C. M. Mason

2009-01-01

266

Southwest Research Institute ) is working to enhance  

E-print Network

the need for users to be aware of complex multicore architectures. calling thread auxilary thread · Static source code analysis and transformation 1 1-P P S SwRI researchers use advanced parallelization

Chapman, Clark R.

267

The Policy Impact of Academic Research: Understanding How Social Science Researchers Affect the Policymaking Process and How They Can Increase or Tailor their Influence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic research in the social sciences influences policy decisions, but there is variation in the type and amount of influence individual pieces of research have. Research can trigger new debates, inform existing ones, and provide support for preexisting policy positions. Some research has provided the catalysts for reform, while other research has simply contributed to a large body of knowledge

Mary Sprague; Daniel Berring

268

Optimizing Multibeam Data Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multibeam sonars are fundamental mapping tools for a wide range of oceanographic studies throughout the global oceans. Initially installed on only a few academic research vessels, they have become standard sensors across global- and ocean-class ships in the U.S. academic research fleet. While ongoing efforts including the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R, http://rvdata.us) and the Global Multi-Resolution Topography Synthesis (GMRT, http://www.marine-geo.org/portals/gmrt) are focused on data documentation, preservation, synthesis and dissemination, the Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC, http://mac.unols.org) was recently established with the primary goal of optimizing multibeam data quality during acquisition. Our strategy is to engage operators, technical specialists and users to develop common protocols, guidelines and tools for use across the fleet. Technical teams are focused on specific aspects of multibeam sonar operation and maintenance, including Sea Acceptance, Acoustic Noise, and Quality Assurance. Key to our effort is working with the community of stakeholders to ensure that protocols and tools suit the needs of the community and can be easily implemented across the fleet. Although MAC efforts are initially focused on deep water systems in the US Academic Research Fleet, we recognize that our community of stakeholders is much broader and also includes operators and users of shallow water. All MAC-generated reports, guidelines and software tools, as well as links to related online resources are being made publicly available through the MAC website (http://mac.unols.org).

Ferrini, V.; Beaudoin, J.; Johnson, P. D.

2012-12-01

269

The college journey and academic engagement: how metaphor use enhances identity-based motivation.  

PubMed

People commonly talk about goals metaphorically as destinations on physical paths extending into the future or as contained in future periods. Does metaphor use have consequences for people's motivation to engage in goal-directed action? Three experiments examine the effect of metaphor use on students' engagement with their academic possible identity: their image of themselves as academically successful graduates. Students primed to frame their academic possible identity using the goal-as-journey metaphor reported stronger academic intention, and displayed increased effort on academic tasks, compared to students primed with a nonacademic possible identity, a different metaphoric framing (goal-as-contained-entity), and past academic achievements (Studies 1-2). This motivating effect persisted up to a week later as reflected in final exam performance (Study 3). Four experiments examine the cognitive processes underlying this effect. Conceptual metaphor theory posits that an accessible metaphor transfers knowledge between dissimilar concepts. As predicted in this paradigm, a journey-metaphoric framing of a possible academic identity transferred confidence in the procedure, or action sequence, required to attain that possible identity, which in turn led participants to perceive that possible identity as more connected to their current identity (Study 4). Drawing on identity-based motivation theory, we hypothesized that strengthened current/possible identity connection would mediate the journey framing's motivating effect. This mediational process predicted students' academic engagement (Study 5) and an online sample's engagement with possible identities in other domains (Study 6). Also as predicted, journey framing increased academic engagement particularly among students reporting a weak connection to their academic possible identity (Study 7). PMID:24749818

Landau, Mark J; Oyserman, Daphna; Keefer, Lucas A; Smith, George C

2014-05-01

270

Are We Covering Our Own Backyards?: An Analysis of Local Research Guides Created by Academic Business Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines local research guides created by academic business librarians to assist patrons with researching the communities (towns, cities, and regions) where their schools are located. A key finding is that only 33% of the libraries surveyed provide guides to local research, while 80% provide guides to international research. (Contains 2…

Lyons, Charles

2009-01-01

271

Reflexive Research Ethics for Environmental Health and Justice: Academics and Movement-Building  

PubMed Central

Community-engaged research on environmental problems has reshaped researcher-participant relationships, academic-community interaction, and the role of community partners in human subjects protection and ethical oversight. We draw on our own and others’ research collaborations with environmental health and justice social movement organizations to discuss the ethical concerns that emerge in community-engaged research. In this paper we introduce the concept of reflexive research ethics: ethical guidelines and decision-making principles that depend on continual reflexivity concerning the relationships between researchers and participants. Seeing ethics in this way can help scientists conduct research that simultaneously achieves a high level of professional conduct and protects the rights, well-being, and autonomy of both researchers and the multiple publics affected by research. We highlight our research with community-based organizations in Massachusetts, California, and Alaska, and discuss the potential impacts of the community or social movement on the research process and the potential impacts of research on community or social movement goals. We conclude by discussing ways in which the ethical concerns that surface in community-engaged research have led to advances in ethical research practices. This type of work raises ethical questions whose answers are broadly relevant for social movement, environmental, and public health scholars. PMID:22690133

Cordner, Alissa; Ciplet, David; Brown, Phil; Morello-Frosch, Rachel

2012-01-01

272

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENGAGEMENT AND PERCEIVED ACADEMIC, PERSONAL, AND SOCIAL OUTCOMES FOR SENIOR INTERNATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES  

E-print Network

-faculty interaction , (iv) enriching educational experiences and (v) supportive campus environment predict various dimensions of self- reported or perceived academic, personal, and social development/ growth for senior international students at Research Universities...

Irungu, Jane Njeri

2010-03-10

273

Interactive Read-Alouds--An Avenue for Enhancing Children's Language for Thinking and Understanding: A Review of Recent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancing young children's early literacy achievement is a top priority in many countries. There is a considerable body of research demonstrating young children's language development as a critical factor in reading and later academic success. Implementation of high quality literacy instruction has the potential to improve literacy…

Lennox, Sandra

2013-01-01

274

Australian University Research Commercialisation: Perceptions of Technology Transfer Specialists and Science and Technology Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian governments in recent years have invested substantially in innovation and research commercialisation with the aim of enhancing international economic competitiveness, making research findings more readily available to research users, and supporting economic and social development. Although there have been a number of evaluations of…

Harman, Grant

2010-01-01

275

Enhancing Informed Consent for Research and Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased scrutiny of informed consent calls for further research into decision making by patients who may be at risk for impairments. We review interventions designed to improve patient understanding of informed consent. A number of studies, within as well as outside psychiatry, have evaluated the effectiveness of specific interventions, as well as possible “predictors” of understanding of consent, such as

Laura B Dunn; Dilip V Jeste

2001-01-01

276

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

277

Enhanced nursing autonomy through participatory action research  

Microsoft Academic Search

What can nurses do to gain increased autonomy and influence in bureaucratic settings? One group of nurses at a small, rural, psychiatric hospital used participatory action research as a tool to explore issues of autonomy and found that they were able to successfully challenge the institutional norms and ideas that limit nurses' autonomy.

Karen Lucas Breda; Marilyn A. Anderson; Linda Hansen; Dorothy Hayes; Clarisse Pillion; Patricia Lyon

1997-01-01

278

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program, Status Report: Foreign Research on Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) research outside the United States. The term ''enhanced geothermal systems'' refers to the use of advanced technology to extract heat energy from underground in areas with higher than average heat flow but where the natural permeability or fluid content is limited. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from low permeability hydrothermal to hot dry rock.

McLarty, Lynn; Entingh, Daniel

2000-09-29

279

Association of Academic Physiatrists  

MedlinePLUS

... Research Awards Resources Advocacy Residents/Fellows/Med Students Leadership & Academic Development Program for Academic Leadership (PAL) Volunteer Opportunities Mentorship Programs Publications & News Latest ...

280

Innovation in biotechnology: moving from academic research to product development--the case of biosensors.  

PubMed

The fast pace of technological change in the biotechnology industry and the market demands require continuous innovation, which, owing to the science base of the sector, derives from academic research through a transformation process that converts science-oriented knowledge to marketable products. There appear to be some inherent difficulties in transforming directly the knowledge output of academic research to industrial use. The purpose of this article is to examine certain transition mechanisms from monodisciplinary academic isolation (curiosity-driven and internal-worth innovation) to university-industry alliances (market-driven and public-worth innovation) through inter-organizational multidisciplinary collaboration and contextualize the analysis with the case of biosensors. While the majority of literature on the subject studies the channels of knowledge transfer as determinants of alliance success (transferor/transferee interactions), either from the university side (science base) or the industry side (market base), this article focuses on the transferable (technology base) and how it can be strategically modeled and managed by the industry to promote innovation. Based on the valuable lessons learnt from the biosensor paradigm, the authors argue that strategic industry choices deal primarily with the best stage/point to intersect and seize the university output, implanting the required element of marketability that will transform an idea to a viable application. The authors present a methodological approach for accelerating the knowledge transfer from the university to industry aiming at the effective transition of science to products through a business model reconfiguration. PMID:20214418

Siontorou, Christina G; Batzias, Fragiskos A

2010-06-01

281

A CIRCULATION ANALYSIS OF PRINT BOOKS AND E-BOOKS IN AN ACADEMIC RESEARCH LIBRARY  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) has published this paper on e-book circulation. The study by Lynn Silipigni Connaway and Justin Littman is called "A Circulation Analysis Of Print Books And e-Books In An Academic Research Library." The study compared the usage of books available in both print and e-book format at the Duke University Libraries. They found that e-books received 11 percent more usage than the books in print, but also observed incongruity between print circulations and e-book access. Although they note that the findings cannot be generalized, they do offer some implications from the study for e-book development and the study of e-book usage in academic libraries.

282

Academic and research capacity development in Earth observation for environmental management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sustainable environmental management is one of the key development goals of the 21st century. The importance of Earth observation (EO) for addressing current environmental problems is well recognized. Most developing countries are highly susceptible to environmental degradation; however, the capacity to monitor these changes is predominantly located in the developed world. Decades of aid and effort have been invested in capacity development (CD) with the goal of ensuring sustainable development. Academics, given their level of freedom and their wider interest in teaching and knowledge transfer, are ideally placed to act as catalyst for capacity building. In this letter, we make a novel investigation into the extent to which the EO academic research community is engaged in capacity development. Using the Web of Knowledge publication database (http://wok.mimas.ac.uk), we examined the geographical distribution of published EO related research (a) by country as object of research and (b) by authors' country of affiliation. Our results show that, while a significant proportion of EO research (44%) has developing countries as their object of research, less than 3% of publications have authors working in, or affiliated to, a developing country (excluding China, India and Brazil, which not only are countries in transition, but also have well established EO capacity). These patterns appear consistent over the past 20 years. Despite the wide awareness of the importance of CD, we show that significant progress on this front is required. We therefore propose a number of recommendations and best practices to ease collaboration and open access.

Cassells, Gemma; Woodhouse, Iain H.; Patenaude, Genevieve; Tembo, Mavuto

2011-10-01

283

Enhancing Transdisciplinary Research Through Collaborative Leadership  

PubMed Central

Transcending the well-established and familiar boundaries of disciplinary silos poses challenges for even the most interpersonally competent scientists. This paper explores the challenges inherent in leading transdisciplinary projects, detailing the critical roles that leaders play in shepherding transdisciplinary scientific endeavors. Three types of leadership tasks are considered: cognitive, structural, and processual. Distinctions are made between leading small, co-located projects and large, dispersed ones. Finally, social-network analysis is proposed as a useful tool for conducting research on leadership, and, in particular, on the role of brokers, on complex transdisciplinary teams. PMID:18619392

Gray, Barbara

2008-01-01

284

Does decreased research funding from the National Institutes of Health to local academic hospitals cause an increase in industry sponsored research funding?  

E-print Network

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been the stalwart of research funding at universities and academic teaching hospitals. However, since the start of the last decade NIH funding has contracted in real terms. ...

Truesdell, John A., Jr. (John Alan)

2011-01-01

285

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

SciTech Connect

The surface active lipopeptide produced by Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 was isolated to near apparent homogeneity. NMR experiments revealed that this compound consists of a heptapeptide with an amino acid sequence similar to surfactin and a heterogeneous fatty acid consisting of the normal-, anteiso-, and iso- branched isomers. The surface activity of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant was shown to depend on the presence of fermentation products and is strongly affected by the pH. Under conditions of optimal salinity and pH the interfacial tension against decane was 6 [times] 10[sup 3] mN/m which is one of the lowest values ever obtained with a microbial surfactant. Microbial compounds which exhibit particularly high surface activity are classified as biosurfactants. Microbial biosurfactants include a wide variety of surface and interfacially active compounds, such as glycolipids, lipopeptides polysaccharideprotein complexes, phospholipids, fatty acids and neutral lipids. Biosurfactants are easily biodegradable and thus are particularly suited for environmental applications such as bioremediation and the dispersion of oil spills. Bacillus licheniformis strain JF-2 has been shown to be able to grow and produce a very effective biosurfactant under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and in the presence of high salt concentrations. The production of biosurfactants in anaerobic, high salt environments is potentially important for a variety of in situ applications such as microbial enhanced oil recovery. As a first step towards evaluating the commercial utility of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant, we isolated t-he active. compound from the culture supernatant, characterized its chemical structure and investigated its phase behavior. We found that the surface activity of the surfactant is strongly dependent on the pH of the aqueous. phase. This may be important for the biological function of the surfactant and is of interest for several applications in surfactancy.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States))

1992-01-01

286

Education Program for Doctoral Researchers by Industrial-Government-Academic Cooperation and Interaction between Different Research Fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New education program to train graduate students and postdoctoral researchers who can be good leaders in a variety of social fields by cooperation of graduate school of engineering and pharmaceutical sciences is conducted as an advanced activity in Kyoto University. This program consists of four sub-programs and the educational effect by the collaboration of industry-government-academic and the interaction between dissimilar research fields is described in this paper. Trainees in this program acquire the ability to understand objectively one’ s research from comprehensive point of view and to debate with researchers in different fields. This program supports them to become ‘Global Leaders’ who play an important role internationally in advanced technology.

Oki, Kazuya; Sawaragi, Tetsuo; Hasebe, Shinji; Morisawa, Shinsuke

287

The graduate research field choice of women in academic physics and astronomy: A pilot study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The low representation of women in physics is apparent at the undergraduate level through faculty positions. However, when looking at the percentage of PhD women graduates in the closely related field astronomy (40%) and women PhDs in physics education research (30%), it is found that those areas have higher representations of women compared to women physics PhD graduates (18%). This study seeks to understand the research subfield choice of women in academic physics and astronomy at large US research universities through in-depth interviews and a grounded theory analytical approach. Though preliminary results have not shown why women chose their graduate research field, they have shown that positive pre-college experiences are bringing these women to physics, while supportive advisors and collaboration amongst students are encouraging these women to persist.

Barthelemy, Ramón S.; Grunert, Megan L.; Henderson, Charles R.

2013-01-01

288

For additional information contact Jocelyn Milner Director of Academic Planning and Institutional Research  

E-print Network

. http://www.apir.wisc.edu/instruction-credits.htm Instructional Activity/Load Reports Tabulation Annual) and academic structures (departments, centers, institutes), and University Academic Planning Council http

Sheridan, Jennifer

289

VAO Tools Enhance CANDELS Research Productivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation of galaxies and their co-evolution with black holes through cosmic time are prominent areas in current extragalactic astronomy. New methods in science research are building upon collaborations between scientists and archive data centers which span large volumes of multi-wavelength and heterogeneous data. A successful example of this form of teamwork is demonstrated by the CANDELS (Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey) and the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO) collaboration. The CANDELS project archive data provider services are registered and discoverable in the VAO through an innovative web based Data Discovery Tool, providing a drill down capability and cross-referencing with other co-spatially located astronomical catalogs, images and spectra. The CANDELS team is working together with the VAO to define new methods for analyzing Spectral Energy Distributions of galaxies containing active galactic nuclei, and helping to evolve advanced catalog matching methods for exploring images of variable depths, wavelengths and resolution. Through the publication of VOEvents, the CANDELS project is publishing data streams for newly discovered supernovae that are bright enough to be followed from the ground.

Greene, Gretchen; Donley, J.; Rodney, S.; LAZIO, J.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Busko, I.; Hanisch, R. J.; VAO Team; CANDELS Team

2013-01-01

290

The Challenges of Collaboration for Academic and Community Partners in a Research Partnership: Points to Consider1  

PubMed Central

the philosophical underpinning of Community-Engaged Research (CEnR) entails a collaborative partnership between academic researchers and the community. The Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) model is the partnership model most widely discussed in the CEnR literature and is the primary model we draw upon in this discussion of the collaboration between academic researchers and the community. In CPBR, the goal is for community partners to have equal authority and responsibility with the academic research team, and that the partners engage in respectful negotiation both before the research begins and throughout the research process to ensure that the concerns, interests, and needs of each party are addressed. The negotiation of a fair, successful, and enduring partnership requires transparency and understanding of the different assets, skills and expertise that each party brings to the project. Delineating the expectations of both parties and documenting the terms of agreement in a memorandum of understanding or similar document may be very useful. This document is structured to provide a “points- to-consider” roadmap for academic and community research partners to establish and maintain a research partnership at each stage of the research process. PMID:20235861

Ross, Lainie Friedman; Loup, Allan; Nelson, Robert M.; Botkin, Jeffrey R.; Kost, Rhonda; Smith, George R.; Gehlert, Sarah

2010-01-01

291

Going MAD: Development of a “Matrix Academic Division” to Facilitate Translating Research to Personalized Medicine  

PubMed Central

Personalized medicine integrates an individual’s genetic and other information for the prevention or treatment of complex disorders, and translational research seeks to identify those data most important to disease processes based on observations at the bench and the bedside. To understand complex disorders such as chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, liver cirrhosis and other idiopathic chronic inflammatory diseases, physician-scientists must systematically collect data on relevant risks, clinical status, biomarkers, and outcomes. The author describes a “matrix academic division” (MAD), a highly effective academic program created at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center using translational research to rapidly develop personalized medicine for digestive diseases. MAD is designed to capture patient-specific data and biologic samples for analysis of steps in a complex process (reverse engineering), reconstructing the system conceptually and mathematically (disease modeling), and deciphering disease mechanism in individual patients to predict the effects of interventions (personalized medicine). MAD draws on the expertise of the medical school’s and medical center’s physician-scientists to translate essential disease information between the bed and the bench and to communicate with researchers from multiple domains, including epidemiology, genetics, cell biology, immunology, regenerative medicine, neuroscience, and oncology. The author illustrates this approach by describing its successful application to the reverse engineering of chronic pancreatitis. PMID:21952059

Whitcomb, David C.

2011-01-01

292

Going MAD: development of a "matrix academic division" to facilitate translating research to personalized medicine.  

PubMed

Personalized medicine integrates an individual's genetic and other information for the prevention or treatment of complex disorders, and translational research seeks to identify those data most important to disease processes based on observations at the bench and the bedside. To understand complex disorders such as chronic pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, liver cirrhosis, and other idiopathic chronic inflammatory diseases, physician-scientists must systematically collect data on relevant risks, clinical status, biomarkers, and outcomes. The author describes a "matrix academic division" (MAD), a highly effective academic program created at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center using translational research to rapidly develop personalized medicine for digestive diseases. MAD is designed to capture patient-specific data and biologic samples for analysis of steps in a complex process (reverse engineering), reconstructing the system conceptually and mathematically (disease modeling), and deciphering disease mechanism in individual patients to predict the effects of interventions (personalized medicine). MAD draws on the expertise of the medical school's and medical center's physician-scientists to translate essential disease information between the bed and the bench and to communicate with researchers from multiple domains, including epidemiology, genetics, cell biology, immunology, regenerative medicine, neuroscience, and oncology. The author illustrates this approach by describing its successful application to the reverse engineering of chronic pancreatitis. PMID:21952059

Whitcomb, David C

2011-11-01

293

Enhancing Professionalism in Academic Agricultural Communications Programs: The Role of Accreditation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the accreditation process as it relates to academic agricultural communications programs. Reports results of an electronic mail survey regarding the perceptions of 16 agricultural communications faculty as to the need for accreditation. Discusses the merits of national accreditation standards. (Contains 20 references.) (JOW)

Tucker, Mark; Whaley, Sherrie R.; Whiting, Larry; Agunga, Robert

2002-01-01

294

Enhancing Academics' Capability to Engage Multicultural Classes and Internationalize at Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the rationale, design, implementation, and outcomes of a strategic diversity course for developing the intercultural capability of academic staff at an Australian university. The interactive workshop called "Engaging and Building Alliance across Cultures" aims at developing awareness of and practical skills in facilitating the…

Mak, Anita

2010-01-01

295

Organizational Practices Enhancing the Influence of Student Assessment Information in Academic Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student assessment should not be undertaken as an end in itself but as a means to educational and institutional improvement. The purpose of our study is to provide systematic empirical evidence of how postsecondary institutions support and promote the use of student assessment information in academic decision making. We use linear regression to determine which institutional variables are related to

Marvin W. Peterson; Catherine H. Augustine

2000-01-01

296

Enhancing Academic Engagement: Providing Opportunities for Responding and Influencing Students to Choose to Respond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although educators often provide opportunities for students to engage in active academic responding, in many situations, students either cannot or will not respond. In the current article, we analyze the reasons students fail to respond. Practical procedures educators can use to prevent "can't do" problems are provided. "Won't do" problems are…

Skinner, Christopher H.; Pappas, Danielle N.; Davis, Kai A.

2005-01-01

297

Using Cooperative Learning to Enhance the Academic and Social Experiences of Freshman Student Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred seven freshman student athletes in 17 different women's and men's intercollegiate sports were required to attend evening study sessions. The student athletes completed academic assignments and studied for tests primarily in cooperative learning groups. As gauges of the program's impact on the participants, 3 questionnaires were administered to a sample of 50 (25 women and 25 men). The

Bruce S. Dudley; David W. Johnson; Roger T. Johnson

1997-01-01

298

CASQE Page 1 of 6 Writing the PARM Report CENTRE FOR ACADEMIC STANDARDS & QUALITY ENHANCEMENT  

E-print Network

up to date Faculty-based PARM Report Template ­ download from the website each time. The template has will find the report template on the following website: http://www.mmu.ac.uk/academic/casqe/forms.php the judgment was based; - present the advice from the Panel which will be useful to the Programme Team

299

Negotiation in Academic Medicine: Narratives of Faculty Researchers and Their Mentors  

PubMed Central

Purpose Few researchers have explored the negotiation experiences of academic medical faculty even though negotiation is crucial to their career success. The authors sought to understand medical faculty researchers' experiences with and perceptions of negotiation. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described the importance of negotiation in academic medical careers but also expressed feeling naïve and unprepared for these negotiations, particularly as junior faculty. Award recipients focused on power, leverage, and strategy, and they expressed a need for training and mentorship to learn successful negotiation skills. Mentors, by contrast, emphasized the importance of flexibility and shared interests in creating win-win situations for both the individual faculty member and the institution. When faculty construed negotiation as adversarial and/or zero-sum, participants believed it required traditionally masculine traits and perceived women to be at a disadvantage. Conclusions Academic medical faculty often lack the skills and knowledge necessary for successful negotiation, especially early in their careers. Many view negotiation as an adversarial process of the sort that experts call “hard positional bargaining.” Increasing awareness of alternative negotiation techniques (e.g., “principled negotiation,” in which shared interests, mutually satisfying options, and fair standards are emphasized), may encourage the success of medical faculty, particularly women. PMID:23425992

Sambuco, Dana; Dabrowska, Agata; DeCastro, Rochelle; Stewart, Abigail; Ubel, Peter A.; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

300

Research ethics and participatory research in an interdisciplinary technology?enhanced learning project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This account identifies some of the tensions that became apparent in a large interdisciplinary technology?enhanced learning project as its members attempted to maintain their commitment to responsive, participatory research and development in naturalistic research settings while also ‘enacting’ these commitments in formal research review processes. It discusses how these review processes were accompanied by a commitment to continuing discussion and

Frances Tracy; Patrick Carmichael

2010-01-01

301

Can the democratic ideal of participatory research be achieved? An inside look at an academic-indigenous community partnership.  

PubMed

Democratic or equal participation in decision making is an ideal that community and academic stakeholders engaged in participatory research strive to achieve. This ideal, however, may compete with indigenous peoples' right to self-determination. Study objectives were to assess the perceived influence of multiple community (indigenous) and academic stakeholders engaged in the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) across six domains of project decision making and to test the hypothesis that KSDPP would be directed by community stakeholders. Self-report surveys were completed by 51 stakeholders comprising the KSDPP Community Advisory Board (CAB), KSDPP staff, academic researchers and supervisory board members. KSDPP staff were perceived to share similar levels of influence with (i) CAB on maintaining partnership ethics and CAB activities and (ii) academic researchers on research and dissemination activities. KSDPP staff were perceived to carry significantly more influence than other stakeholders on decisions related to annual activities, program operations and intervention activities. CAB and staff were the perceived owners of KSDPP. The strong community leadership aligns KSDPP with a model of community-directed research and suggests that equitable participation-distinct from democratic or equal participation-is reflected by indigenous community partners exerting greater influence than academic partners in decision making. PMID:18187491

Cargo, Margaret; Delormier, Treena; Lévesque, Lucie; Horn-Miller, Kahente; McComber, Alex; Macaulay, Ann C

2008-10-01

302

Promoting Academic Physicists, Their Students, and Their Research through Library Partnerships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At many institutions, attracting and mentoring quality students is of key importance. Through their developing careers, typically under the tutelage of one primary faculty member, students build portfolios, prepare for graduate school, and apply to post-doc programs or faculty positions. Often though, the corpus of that primary faculty member's work is not available in a single location. This is a disadvantage both for current students, who wish to highlight the importance of their work within the context of a research group and for the department, which can miss opportunities to attract high-quality future students. Utah State University Libraries hosts a thriving institutional repository, DigitalCommons@USU, which provides open access to scholarly works, research, reports, publications, and journals produced by Utah State University faculty, staff, and students. The Library and the Physics Department developed a partnership to transcend traditional library repository architecture and emphasize faculty research groups within the department. Previously, only student theses and dissertations were collected, and they were not associated with the department in any way. Now student presentations, papers, and posters appear with other faculty works all in the same research work space. This poster session highlights the features of the University's repository and describes what is required to establish a similar structure at other academic institutions. We anticipate several long-term benefits of this new structure. Students are pleased with the increased visibility of their research and with having an online presence through their "Selected Works" personal author site. Faculty are pleased with the opportunity to highlight their research and the potential to attract new students to their research groups. This new repository model also allows the library to amplify the existing scientific outreach initiatives of the physics department. One example of this is a recent exhibit created in the Library showcasing a student research group's 30-year history of sending payloads into space. The exhibit was a direct result of archiving the work of student researchers in the institutional repository. From the perspective of the Library, the benefits are also impressive. The Library is able to build its institutional repository, develop strong relations with faculty in the Physics Department, and have access to unpublished reports that otherwise might be lost. Establishing research groups' presence in DigitalCommons@USU provided an opportunity to meet with the Physics graduate students to discuss setting up online web portfolios, archiving their publications, and understanding publisher contracts. Developing partnerships between academic units and libraries is one more method to reach out to potential students, promote research, and showcase the talents of faculty and students. Using the Library's institutional repository to do this is beneficial for everyone.

Rozum, B.; Wesolek, A.

2012-12-01

303

Demonstrate the Model and Evaluation of Geoscience Research At Storm Peak (GRASP), a Field Research Experience Designed to Enhance Diversity in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geoscience Research at Storm Peak (GRASP) has created an exceptional field-research experience, with both remote and urban settings, for a diverse group of undergraduate students. GRASP is supported by the National Science Foundation's Opportunity for Enhancing Diversity in Geoscience (OEDG) Program. In 2011, GRASP accepted a third cohort. To date, twenty-two students have participated in GRASP. The program exposed GRASP participants to potential careers in the geosciences and provided them with an authentic research experience at Storm Peak Laboratory. Storm Peak Laboratory, a high elevation atmospheric science research facility, is located in Steamboat Springs, Colorado. The GRASP participants were selected based on academic excellence with their scientific disciplines and interest in careers pursing research. They are an interdisciplinary group including majors in engineering, chemistry, geology, and meteorology. Multiple evaluation methods were employed using both qualitative and quantitative techniques in order to examine the impacts and effects of GRASP on participants. Results will be presented.

Hallar, A. G.; Mccubbin, I. B.; Lynds, S. E.; Dodson, C.

2012-12-01

304

Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needs and Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and biomass burning are the dominant contributors to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) concentrations and global warming. Many approaches to mitigating CO{sub 2} emissions are being pursued, and among the most promising are terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. Recent advances in ecology and microbial biology offer promising new possibilities for enhancing terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. A workshop was held October 29, 2007, at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) on Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration (BECS). The workshop participants (approximately 30 scientists from California, Illinois, Oregon, Montana, and New Mexico) developed a prioritized list of research needed to make progress in the development of biological enhancements to improve terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. The workshop participants also identified a number of areas of supporting science that are critical to making progress in the fundamental research areas. The purpose of this position paper is to summarize and elaborate upon the findings of the workshop. The paper considers terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration separately. First, we present a summary in outline form of the research roadmaps for terrestrial and geologic BECS. This outline is elaborated upon in the narrative sections that follow. The narrative sections start with the focused research priorities in each area followed by critical supporting science for biological enhancements as prioritized during the workshop. Finally, Table 1 summarizes the potential significance or 'materiality' of advances in these areas for reducing net greenhouse gas emissions.

Oldenburg, Curtis; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Torn, Margaret S.

2008-03-21

305

Using Really Simple Syndication (RSS) to enhance student research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Really Simple Syndication (RSS) is a tool used in business and by users for gleaning relevant information from the Internet. RSS technology can be used in the education environment to enhance research methods for students. Students can use RSS to glean current information from on-line journals, publications, web logs and other sources without visiting the sites daily. A combination of

S. Jeff Cold

2006-01-01

306

ATN academic standards model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides a mechanism for the Australian Technology Network of Universities (ATN) to continue leadership in the definition, measurement, monitoring and enhancement of academic standards. It outlines a model of academic standards in the form of an indicator framework, suggests measures which might underpin this framework, and includes recommendations for ATN institutions to monitor and enhance academic practice. The

Hamish Bennett Coates

2007-01-01

307

Struggling to Handle Teaching and Research: A Study on Academic Work at Select Universities in the Chinese Mainland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to raise the international reputation and quality of higher education in "China", the Ministry of Education initiated new university employment reform, which pressed academics to produce more research. Recent employment reform has aggravated the conflict between teaching and research. This study "uses" mixed methods to…

Lai, Manhong; Du, Ping; Li, Linlin

2014-01-01

308

The C-MORE Scholars Program: Motivations for an Academic-Year Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs have been shown to be effective mechanisms to recruit undergraduate students into the sciences and also to retain them, especially as related to underrepresented students. Academic-year REU programs have numerous benefits, including participation in longer-term research projects that allow…

Gibson, Barbara A.; Bruno, Barbara C.

2012-01-01

309

De-Academizing Early Childhood Research: Wanderings of a Chicana/Latina Feminist Researcher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I frame critical questions about discourse and power when centering marginalized populations in research. This critical Chicana feminist analysis of early childhood research illuminates (a) the bifurcation of the academy and the "comunidad," (b) voice as "ilusion," (c) research as colonization, and (d) the United States' cultural…

Saavedra, Cinthya M.

2011-01-01

310

University of Western Australia v Gray: an academic duty to commercialise research?  

PubMed

In an era of tightening university budgets and pressure to commercialise academic knowledge, many higher education institutions see the exploitation of new inventions and discoveries, through the use of patents, as an additional revenue stream. To that end, many such organisations have in place policies and by-laws which regulate "ownership" and disclosure of inventions created by employees. This can be seen as a continuation of an ongoing process of shifting universities from institutes of "pure research" to commercial operations, seeking to maximise financial gains from the efforts of their researchers. However, new opportunities present new risks. One of the last Federal Court decisions by the High Court of Australia's new Chief Justice, Justice French, in University of Western Australia v Gray [2008] FCA 498 explores some of the challenges which Australian university administrators and policy developers will need to overcome if an appropriate balance between private interests and public good is to be maintained in this context. PMID:19205305

Vines, Tim; Faunce, Thomas

2008-12-01

311

76 FR 54408 - Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing Protections for Research Subjects and Reducing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary 45 CFR...Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 50 and 56 Human Subjects Research Protections: Enhancing...Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in coordination with...

2011-09-01

312

Research Experience for Undergraduates: an International Program Enhancing Interdisciplinary Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This NSF-funded research experience for undergraduates (REU) took place in South Africa, where gold mines provided outstanding field sites to investigate biogeochemical processes in deep subsurface environments. Underrepresented minorities were encouraged to participate. Cross-disciplinary training was a major ambition for this REU Site: Biogeochemical Educational Experiences - South Africa. Students were selected from diverse academic disciplines (biology, chemistry, and geology) to participate in this interdisciplinary research program. Research projects included characterizing microbial communities with molecular and biochemical techniques, cultivating microorganisms, utilizing geochemical and isotopic parameters to constrain nutrient cycling in groundwater, investigating extreme enzymes and examining functional genes. During the REU, students collected biofilms and fissure water emanating from gas-rich boreholes in 2-3 km deep mines and performed laboratory research in teams under joint mentorship of U.S. and South African scientists. Research teams consisted of three to five students with at least one student from each country and at least two of the disciplines represented. Team membership reflected students' ranking of their choices among mentor-proposed projects. The REU encouraged students to increase scientific knowledge across disciplines, improve oral and written communication skills, and explore cultural and international challenges for scientific research in the global community. Each research team presented oral progress reports to the other research teams to provide communication skill development and to provide a forum for data exchange and interpretation among the various disciplines. Oral communication training culminated in a public presentation by each team at a university/industry science symposium. Mentors reviewed students' writing skills as they prepared text on experimental design, research findings, data interpretation, and literature reviews, leading to final team reports in manuscript format. Students learned how their research contributes to the big picture of biogeochemical processes in the mines. The group research teams and the forums for discussion allowed the students to gain interdisciplinary knowledge and expanded thought processes and views of interdisciplinary research. Thirty-two undergraduates from three countries have participated in this program. Several students are continuing their REU-initiated research as senior thesis projects at their home institutions; some are applying for graduate study in biogeochemistry, and others have started graduate studies.

Pfiffner, S. M.; Davis, K. L.; Phelps, T. J.; Kieft, T. L.; Gihring, T. M.; Onstott, T. C.; Nthangeni, B.; Piater, L.; van Heerden, E.

2004-12-01

313

Mentor Networks in Academic Medicine: Moving Beyond a Dyadic Conception of Mentoring for Junior Faculty Researchers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Career development award programs often require formal establishment of mentoring relationships. The authors sought to gain a nuanced understanding of mentoring from the perspective of a diverse national sample of faculty clinician-researchers who were all members of formal mentoring relationships. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Three relevant themes emerged: (1) the numerous roles and behaviors associated with mentoring in academic medicine, (2) the improbability of finding a single person who can fulfill the diverse mentoring needs of another individual, and (3) the importance and composition of mentor networks. Many respondents described the need to cultivate more than one mentor. Several participants discussed the utilization of peer mentors, citing benefits such as pooled resources and mutual learning. Female participants generally acknowledged the importance of having at least one female mentor. Some observed that their portfolio of mentors needed to evolve in order to remain effective. Conclusions Those who seek to promote the careers of faculty in academic medicine should focus upon developing mentoring networks, rather than hierarchical mentoring dyads. The members of each faculty member's mentoring team or network should reflect the protégé's individual needs and preferences, with special attention towards ensuring diversity in terms of area of expertise, academic rank, and gender. PMID:23425990

DeCastro, Rochelle; Sambuco, Dana; Ubel, Peter A.; Stewart, Abigail; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

314

Successfully accelerating translational research at an academic medical center: the University of Michigan-Coulter translational research partnership program.  

PubMed

Translational research encompasses the effective movement of new knowledge and discoveries into new approaches for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. There are many roadblocks to successful bench to bedside research, but few have received as much recent attention as the "valley of death". The valley of death refers to the lack of funding and support for research that moves basic science discoveries into diagnostics, devices, and treatments in humans, and is ascribed to be the result of companies unwilling to fund research development that may not result in a drug or device that will be utilized in the clinic and conversely, the fact that researchers have no access to the funding needed to carry out preclinical and early clinical development to demonstrate potential efficacy in humans. The valley of death also exists because bridging the translational gap is dependent on successfully managing an additional four risks: scientific, intellectual property, market, and regulatory. The University of Michigan (UM) has partnered with the Wallace H. Coulter Foundation (CF) to create a model providing an infrastructure to overcome these risks. This model is easily adoptable to other academic medical centers (AMCs). PMID:21167009

Pienta, Kenneth J

2010-12-01

315

Transforming the Web into a Forum for Academic Research: The USC Doheny Electronic Resources Center Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence suggests that use of multimedia or new media can enhance selected areas of the curriculum. Library planners at the University of Southern California (USC) believe that use of multimedia to transform the World Wide Web into a research forum for scholars in the humanities facilitates and even ensures the eventual use of this material in the…

Truelson, Judith A.

316

Validity of Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators at an academic medical center.  

PubMed

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality developed Patient Safety Indicators (PSI) to screen for in-hospital complications and patient safety events through International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification coding. The purpose of this study was to validate 10 common surgically related PSIs at our academic medical center and investigate the causes for inaccuracies. We reviewed patient records between October 2011 and September 2012 at our urban academic medical center for 10 common surgically related PSIs. The records were reviewed for incorrectly identified PSIs and a subset was further reviewed for the contributing factors. There were 93,169 charts analyzed for PSIs and 358 PSIs were identified (3.84 per 1000 cases). The overall positive predictive value (PPV) was 83 per cent (95% confidence interval 79 to -86%). The lowest PPVs were associated with catheter-related bloodstream infections (67%), postoperative respiratory failure (71%), and pressure ulcers (79%). The most common contributing factors for incorrect PSIs were coding errors (30%), documentation errors (19%), and insufficient criteria for PSI in the chart (16%). We conclude that the validity of PSIs is low and could be improved by increased education for clinicians and coders. In their current form, PSIs remain suboptimal for widespread use in public reporting and pay-for-performance evaluation. PMID:23711266

Ramanathan, Rajesh; Leavell, Patricia; Stockslager, Gregory; Mays, Catherine; Harvey, Dale; Duane, Therese M

2013-06-01

317

Critical Masses for Academic Research Groups and Consequences for Higher Education Research Policy and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smaller universities may produce research which is on a par with larger, elite establishments. This is confirmed by a recently developed mathematical model, supported by data from British and French higher education research-evaluation exercises. The detailed nature of the UK system, in particular, allows quantification of the notion of critical…

Kenna, Ralph; Berche, Bertrand

2012-01-01

318

Action learning enhances professional development of research supervisors: an Australian health science exemplar.  

PubMed

The worldwide academic workforce is ageing. At the same time, health and human services workforces are expanding. The preparation of educators to fill gaps in expertise and to position the health sciences for future growth is an urgent need. The findings from a recent action learning project that aimed to enhance the professional growth and development of higher degree researcher student supervisors in a School of Health and Human Sciences are presented. Seven early career researchers and the facilitator met for two hours every two to three weeks over 4 months between April and July 2010, in a rural and regional university in New South Wales, Australia. The processes initiated were a combination of experiential knowledge, referral to relevant published reports, use of an effective supervision checklist, and critical conversations. Learning outcomes centered on higher degree management and supervision pedagogy, communities of practice, knowledge translation, and the establishment of a research culture. The contextual barriers and implications of the methodology and learning outcomes for the professional development of health and human science practitioners, researchers and educators is also discussed. PMID:22303872

Davis, Kierrynn; Brownie, Sonya; Doran, Frances; Evans, Sue; Hutchinson, Marie; Mozolic-Staunton, Beth; Provost, Stephen; van Aken, Rosalie

2012-03-01

319

Assessing research impact in academic clinical medicine: a study using Research Excellence Framework pilot impact indicators  

PubMed Central

Background Funders of medical research the world over are increasingly seeking, in research assessment, to complement traditional output measures of scientific publications with more outcome-based indicators of societal and economic impact. In the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) developed proposals for the Research Excellence Framework (REF) to allocate public research funding to higher education institutions, inter alia, on the basis of the social and economic impact of their research. In 2010, it conducted a pilot exercise to test these proposals and refine impact indicators and criteria. Methods The impact indicators proposed in the 2010 REF impact pilot exercise are critically reviewed and appraised using insights from the relevant literature and empirical data collected for the University of Oxford’s REF pilot submission in clinical medicine. The empirical data were gathered from existing administrative sources and an online administrative survey carried out by the university’s Medical Sciences Division among 289 clinical medicine faculty members (48.1% response rate). Results The feasibility and scope of measuring research impact in clinical medicine in a given university are assessed. Twenty impact indicators from seven categories proposed by HEFCE are presented; their strengths and limitations are discussed using insights from the relevant biomedical and research policy literature. Conclusions While the 2010 pilot exercise has confirmed that the majority of the proposed indicators have some validity, there are significant challenges in operationalising and measuring these indicators reliably, as well as in comparing evidence of research impact across different cases in a standardised manner. It is suggested that the public funding agencies, medical research charities, universities, and the wider medical research community work together to develop more robust methodologies for capturing and describing impact, including more valid and reliable impact indicators. PMID:23259467

2012-01-01

320

How Are Academic Age, Productivity and Collaboration Related to Citing Behavior of Researchers?  

PubMed Central

References are an essential component of research articles and therefore of scientific communication. In this study we investigate referencing (citing) behavior in five diverse fields (astronomy, mathematics, robotics, ecology and economics) based on 213,756 core journal articles. At the macro level we find: (a) a steady increase in the number of references per article over the period studied (50 years), which in some fields is due to a higher rate of usage, while in others reflects longer articles and (b) an increase in all fields in the fraction of older, foundational references since the 1980s, with no obvious change in citing patterns associated with the introduction of the Internet. At the meso level we explore current (2006–2010) referencing behavior of different categories of authors (21,562 total) within each field, based on their academic age, productivity and collaborative practices. Contrary to some previous findings and expectations we find that senior researchers use references at the same rate as their junior colleagues, with similar rates of re-citation (use of same references in multiple papers). High Modified Price Index (MPI, which measures the speed of the research front more accurately than the traditional Price Index) of senior authors indicates that their research has the similar cutting-edge aspect as that of their younger colleagues. In all fields both the productive researchers and especially those who collaborate more use a significantly lower fraction of foundational references and have much higher MPI and lower re-citation rates, i.e., they are the ones pushing the research front regardless of researcher age. This paper introduces improved bibliometric methods to measure the speed of the research front, disambiguate lead authors in co-authored papers and decouple measures of productivity and collaboration. PMID:23145111

Milojevi?, Staša

2012-01-01

321

Balancing Academic Teaching, Research, and Service: a Paradigm Emerging from NSF-TUES Sponsored Project Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As every academic administrator stresses in interviews with new faculty, the role of a professor today involves balancing three areas - teaching, research, and service. Few institutions can afford the old policy of promoting and tenuring faculty based solely on research output and grantsmanship, whilst ignoring poor teaching outcomes. Outreach activities involving parents and the extramural community are increasingly important as expensive universities and four-year colleges seek to demonstrate their relevance in the age of much less expensive community colleges and distance education. Nevertheless, many faculty complain that teaching and outreach duties compete for their valuable research time. Some fields of research have such broad impacts that they merit the dedicated time of our best scientists. However, other research projects constitute little more than publicly funded professorial hobbies. The challenge is to reliably identify and prioritize the research questions that merit investigation. IN ODU's geospatial visualization group, we instituted a policy requiring Ph.D. theses to include a component (at least one chapter) dedicated to the development and testing of learning resources. TAs test visualizations in their lab sections in tandem with their research studies. They must incorporate original geophysical mapping, modeling, and/or analysis in order to justify a degree in the Physics Department (the traditional home of Geophysics at our institution) rather than, say, the College of Education. Geospatial graduate students also train to offer planetarium presentations to the public using digital full-dome projection technology that can be used with a wide range of geoscience and planetary science topics. Thus they tackle the three aspects of academic work from the outset. In contrast, students in other programs frequently serve as TAs in their first and then switch to grant-supported RA work, resulting in a steady stream of new TAs with little or no training. Our policy has lead to the emergence of a paradigm for academic inquiry. We develop and test learning resources to cover the gamut of earth and planetary sciences, which we view as the science of four-dimensional place-time. Our learning objects emphasize the role of visualization in promoting understanding. If these resources fail to achieve desired outcomes, we look into their design but also examine our own understanding of topics, since instructor misconceptions are an obvious hindrance to learning. Redesign of visualizations may improve outcomes but sometimes the problem lies not with presentation or content knowledge, but rather with gaps in the science itself. Thus teaching and public outreach can become vehicles for the discovery of fertile research questions. Dissemination of a policy that eastablishes teaching and service as bridges leading to research products has the potential to generate transformative changes in the education that graduate students deliver and thus the education that undergraduate students receive.

De Paor, D. G.

2012-12-01

322

Words Fail Us: How Academics View Language and Ideas in Higher Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language can provide an entree into an academic discipline, but can also serve as a barrier to exclude newcomers. How does this apply to academic developers trying to promote teaching and learning on their campuses? Using an online survey, academics at two institutions in the UK and USA were asked to describe their typical and ideal reading in…

Green, David A.

2010-01-01

323

Financial Analysis for Academic Units. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 7, 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state-of-the-art of financial analysis for academic units within institutions of higher education is evaluated with attention directed to: how the cost of an academic unit is determined, how revenue is identified with academic units, how costs are analyzed, how revenues and expenditures are projected, and how the financial efficiency of an…

Walters, Donald L.

324

Building research administration applications for the academic health center: a case study.  

PubMed

The academic health center information environment is saturated with information of varying quality and overwhelming quantity. The most significant challenge is transforming data and information into knowledge. The University of Cincinnati Medical Center's (UCMC) focus is to develop an information architecture comprising data structures, Web services, and user interfaces that enable individuals to manage the information overload so that they can create new knowledge. UCMC has accomplished much of what is reported in this article with the help of a four-year Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems (IAIMS) operation grant awarded by the National Library of Medicine in 2003. In the UCMC vision for knowledge management, individuals have reliable, secure access to information that is filtered, organized, and highly relevant for specific tasks and personal needs. Current applications and tool sets will evolve to become the next generation knowledge management applications or smart digital services. When smart digital services are implemented, silo applications will disappear. A major focus of UCMC's IAIMS grant is research administration. Testing and building out existing and new research administration applications and digital services is underway. The authors review UCMC's progress and results in developing a software architecture, tools, and services for research administration. Included are sections on the evolution to full integration, the impact of the work at UCMC to date, lessons learned during this research and development process, and future plans and needs. PMID:16249302

Guard, J Roger; Brueggemann, Ralph F; Highsmith, Robert F; Marine, Stephen A; Riep, Josette R; Schick, Leslie C

2005-11-01

325

Enhancing Undergraduate Education through Mentored Research and Practical Writing Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Twenty years ago I attended my very first AAS meeting as a 21-year old undergraduate physics major. At that meeting I presented the light curve of a variable star I had studied as part of a mentored research program at BYU. That opportunity to do mentored research, and to attend a professional meeting of astronomers, helped to set the foundation for my success today as an associate professor of physics and astronomy. Twenty years ago I was the student, now I am the mentor! I have eight undergraduate students whom I currently supervise in active research, four of which are presenting their senior projects at the 225th meeting of the AAS.My experience has shown me that the full impact of mentored research cannot be measured by yearly numbers or statistics. When we mentor a student, we influence their career path and choices for years to come. Where feasible, every undergraduate should have the opportunity to do research if they so choose. It is a sacrifice of our time and our effort that cannot be easily measured through numbers or results, and is only visible many years down the road as these students become the future leaders in astronomy and policy. In this poster, I will discuss the benefits of mentored research, the growth we have seen at BYU over the past twenty years with the introduction of a mentored research program, and ideas for implementing mentored research and writing into course curricula to enhance the undergraduate educational experience.

Stephens, Denise C.; Hintz, Eric G.; Joner, Michael D.; Moody, J. Ward

2015-01-01

326

Enhancing University Research and Entrepreneurial Capacity Enhancing University Research and Entrepreneurial Capacity (EURECA) program is a  

E-print Network

Russian - New Eurasia Foundation (FNE), and two U.S.- based NGOs - American Councils for International Education: ACTR/ACCELS and the National Council for East European and Eurasian Research (NCEEER collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (MOES). It is managed by FNE

Ginzel, Matthew

327

Female Academics' Research Capacities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Socio-Cultural Issues, Personal Factors and Institutional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 2010, an interdisciplinary group of female academics from a university in the Kurdistan region of Iraq initiated a collaborative research project with a UK university to investigate opportunities and challenges for female academics' research leadership in universities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. The project aimed to develop…

Masika, Rachel; Wisker, Gina; Dabbagh, Lanja; Akreyi, Kawther Jameel; Golmohamad, Hediyeh; Bendixen, Lone; Crawford, Kirstin

2014-01-01

328

Artists, Academics and Ancient Texts Performance Workshops (2014) We are pleased to announce that the Arts and Humanities Research Council has generously agreed to  

E-print Network

Artists, Academics and Ancient Texts Performance Workshops (2014) We are pleased to announce that the Arts and Humanities Research Council has generously agreed to fund a series of four Artists, Academics traditional historical scholarship with practice-based artistic research, we will experiment with new ways

Levi, Ran

329

Academic Services Subject Librarians  

E-print Network

Academic Services Subject Librarians Academic Liaison Librarians Delivering specialist library and research support Subject Librarians ­ Exeter Campus Academic Liaison Librarians ­ Cornwall Campus Within Academic Services on the Exeter Campus, there is a team of Subject Librarians whose role is to provide

Mumby, Peter J.

330

What Is Academic Vocabulary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors address the construct of "academic vocabulary." First, they attempt to bring some clarity to a constellation of terms surrounding academic vocabulary. Second, they compare and contrast definitions of academic vocabulary. Third, they review typologies that researchers and writers have proposed to organize academic…

Baumann, James F.; Graves, Michael F.

2010-01-01

331

Interdisciplinary Research and Education in STEM in a Discipline Dominated Academic Structure- Research and Education at the Cross Roads  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major issues in society - developing alternate sources of energy and a sustainable environment, improving health, and minimizing the effects of climate change require a collective effort by different disciplines working in interdisciplinary groups. Many major breakthroughs in science take place at the boundaries or intersections of disciplines. The need to create a new generation of students who combine a rigorous disciplinary depth with the ability to reach out to other disciplines and work in interdisciplinary teams is more urgent. There is a consensus that the current academic administrative structure is the most important barrier to interdisciplinary collaboration; other barriers like poor communication, etc., emanate from it. How can interdisciplinary education and research flourish while maintaining strong backgrounds in the disciplines? How can universities lower or remove barriers to faculty participation in interdisciplinary education and research and create porous, flexible, less redundant environment that facilitates the flow of ideas, people and resources across disciplinary boundaries? Is possible to have disciplines without disciplinary departments? In this short paper, the barriers and the challenges for developing interdisciplinary education and research will be summarized, lessons from some successful attempts and failures will be presented, and some approaches will be recommended for further discussion.

Bililign, Solomon

2013-03-01

332

Pharmacoeconomic research—facilitating collaboration among academic institutions, managed-care organizations, and the pharmaceutical industry: A conference report  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide a venue to allow for the exchange of information among parties interested in pharmacoeconoic research opportunities within managed-care organizations, an invitational conference was conducted by The University of Arizona's Center for Pharmaceutical Economics on January 20 and 21, 1994, in Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the conference was to bring together representative from managed-care organizations, academic institutions, and

JoLaine R. Draugalis; Stephen Joel Coons

1995-01-01

333

Research Insights from a Decade of Campus-Wide Implementation of Web-Supported Academic Instruction at Tel Aviv University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the scope and outcomes of Virtual TAU, a campus-wide project that aims to integrate information and communication technologies into the academic instruction at Tel Aviv University (TAU). It provides data, insights, and conclusions drawn from various research and evaluation studies that were conducted at the university during…

Nachmias, Rafi; Ram, Judith

2009-01-01

334

Short-term Impact of Matriculation Services: 1997-98 Academic Year. Research Report 98-14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to gauge the short-term impact of assessment, counseling, and orientation services upon entering students in fall and spring semesters of the 1997-98 academic year. Specific research questions relate to the following topics: (1) demographic characteristics of the entering matriculants; (2) patterns of participation in…

MacMillan, Thomas F.

335

Research in Accrediting Efforts (Project REA). An Assessment of Awarding Academic Credit for Employment Training Activities in Illinois. Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes and provides selected findings from Project REA (Research in Accrediting Efforts), which studied various aspects of manpower training under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) in Illinois. The first section outlines the goals of Project REA in identifying avenues for job training, methods for granting academic…

Adams, Frank G.

336

The Freight and Maritime Program is a dedicated academic initia-tive incorporating research, education, and training activities in the  

E-print Network

The Freight and Maritime Program is a dedicated academic initia- tive incorporating research, education, and training activities in the fields of: · Freight logistics · Maritime and rail transportation of the dynamic freight and maritime industries. Working closely with businesses and government agencies ensures

Neimark, Alexander V.

337

Structural Equation Models of Management and Decision-Making Styles with Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Malaysian Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the effect of management and decision-making styles on the job satisfaction of academic staff in a Malaysian Research University. Design/methodology/approach: The sample consisted of 218 respondents. The instruments used in the study were the Teacher Job Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Decision…

Amzat, Ismail Hussein; Idris, Datuk Abdul Rahman

2012-01-01

338

A research framework for the study of a campus-wide Web-based academic instruction project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of the Internet as an instructional tool in higher education is rapidly increasing. The author provides a research framework for the study of campus-wide academic instruction using the Web. This framework consists of three levels: (a) the macro level, which focuses on the diffusion process of the Internet on the campus instruction from the institutional perspective; (b) the

Rafi Nachmias

2002-01-01

339

University Researchers Contributing to Technology Markets 1900-85. A Long-Term Analysis of Academic Patenting in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of the increased interest in technological innovation in universities, relatively little is known about the technology developed by academic scientists. Long-term analyses of researchers' technological contribution are notably missing. This paper examines university-based technology in Finland during the period 1900-85. The focus is on…

Kaataja, Sampsa

2011-01-01

340

OFFice OF AcAdemic And ReseARch PROgRAms A Guide to educAtionAl  

E-print Network

FALL 2011 OFFice OF AcAdemic And ReseARch PROgRAms A Guide to educAtionAl ProGrAms in environment And sustAinAble develoPment At columbiA university #12;1 FALL 2011 A GUIDE TO EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS ..................................................................................................................50 M.S. in Earth Resources Engineering

341

A Study on the Measurement of Job-Related Stress among Women Academics in Research Universities of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study intends to gain an understanding of the sources of stress among women academics in research universities of China. Studies have shown that, compared with their male counterparts, women report higher level of stress in work/family conflicts, gender barriers and career development. Based on the results of this study, the following…

Zhang, Lili

2010-01-01

342

QoS issues in the Research and Academic Networks: The case of GRNET Karaliotas 1,2  

E-print Network

QoS issues in the Research and Academic Networks: The case of GRNET Christos Bouras 1,2 Anastasios This paper describes the design and the implementation of QoS services in a high speed backbone network provided by the MPLS technology and also by using the DiffServ architecture. The supported QoS services

Bouras, Christos

343

Academic Rigour, Managerial Relevance and Triangulation of Research Methods: A Perspective of Expectations Fulfilment in Postgraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing high-quality human capital and advancing existing knowledge stocks are crucial for the competitive advantage of a nation. The authors argue that offering postgraduate programmes that give great emphasis to academic rigour, managerial relevance and the triangulation of research methods is vital if these ends are to be achieved. They…

Hui, Loi Teck; Fatt, Quek Kia

2008-01-01

344

Organizational Governance and the Production of Academic Quality: Lessons from Two Top U.S. Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does organizational governance contribute to academic quality? Two top research universities are observed in-depth: Berkeley and the MIT. Three key factors are listed that help generate consistent and lasting high performance. Priority is allocated to self-evaluation and to the development of talent. Values and norms such as community membership,…

Thoenig, Jean-Claude; Paradeise, Catherine

2014-01-01

345

Half Empty or Half Full? Staffing Trends in Academic Libraries at U.S. Research Universities, 2000-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a quantitative analysis of FTE staffing levels at academic libraries at 176 U.S. research universities between 2000 and 2008. Results showed that overall staffing levels at these libraries declined but that the average number of professional librarian FTE positions modestly increased. Other professional staff positions increased at a…

Stewart, Christopher

2010-01-01

346

University of Florida Research and Academic Center at Lake Nona, UF-280 Summer 2011 Call to Artists  

E-print Network

University of Florida Research and Academic Center at Lake Nona, UF-280 Summer 2011 Call to Artists, 2011 Criteria to Apply: Artist has met at least (2) of the following: the artist has completed public commissions similar in budget the artist's works are in major public, private, corporate, or museum

Mazzotti, Frank

347

Longitudinal Study of an Operational Model for Enhancing Central City Youth's Self-Concept, Academic Achievement, Attitude Toward School, Participation in School, and Socialization/Maturation. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has attempted to identify the longitudinal impact of a summer program model designed to enhance central city junior high school youth's self-concept, attitude toward school, participation in school, academic achievement, and socialization/maturation. Three sets of experimental/control groups were included in the study and after two…

Logsdon, David M.; Ewert, Barbara

348

The use of full-spectrum lighting to enhance academic achievement, attendance, sense of well being, and on-task behavior in the special education student population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of full spectrum lighting as a way of enhancing academic achievement, attendance, sense of well being, and on task behavior in the special education middle school student population.^ The study lasted thirty days and involved six resource classrooms from two middle schools located in the southeastern region of the United

Andrew Bruce Battles

2006-01-01

349

Research Motives of Faculty in Academic STEM: Measurement Invariance of the Research Motivation Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the psychometric properties of the Research Motivation Scale (RMS) in a sample of faculty members (N = 337) in university science departments. It was hypothesized that the RMS would evidence partial measurement invariance across tenure status and noninvariance across gender, given the different sociocultural factors (e.g.,…

Deemer, Eric D.; Mahoney, Kevin T.; Ball, Jacqueline Hebert

2012-01-01

350

Finding solutions to challenges faced in community-based participatory research between academic and community organizations.  

PubMed

Partnerships between communities and academic institutions have been vital in addressing complex health and psychosocial issues faced by culturally diverse and hard-to-reach populations. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been suggested as a strategy to develop trust and build on the strengths of partners from various settings to address significant health issues, particularly those persistent health issues that reveal disparities among minority populations. There have been many challenges to developing these partnerships in the United States. The purpose of this paper is to discuss approaches and solutions used by this research team in response to the challenges they have faced in using CBPR. The team uses CBPR to understand and support the process of disclosure of intimate partner violence (IPV) within the context of the community health centers that provide services for multicultural and multi-lingual populations. While CBPR provides a route to develop trust and build on the strengths of partners from various settings, there are multiple challenges that arise when partnering organizations present with different infrastructures, missions, resources and populations served. Examples of common challenges and solutions from the literature and from the team's experience will be discussed. Implications for partners, partnerships, practice and research will be explored. PMID:16608716

Shoultz, Jan; Oneha, Mary Frances; Magnussen, Lois; Hla, Mya Moe; Brees-Saunders, Zavi; Cruz, Marissa Dela; Douglas, Margaret

2006-03-01

351

An Efficiency Comparison of Document Preparation Systems Used in Academic Research and Development  

PubMed Central

The choice of an efficient document preparation system is an important decision for any academic researcher. To assist the research community, we report a software usability study in which 40 researchers across different disciplines prepared scholarly texts with either Microsoft Word or LaTeX. The probe texts included simple continuous text, text with tables and subheadings, and complex text with several mathematical equations. We show that LaTeX users were slower than Word users, wrote less text in the same amount of time, and produced more typesetting, orthographical, grammatical, and formatting errors. On most measures, expert LaTeX users performed even worse than novice Word users. LaTeX users, however, more often report enjoying using their respective software. We conclude that even experienced LaTeX users may suffer a loss in productivity when LaTeX is used, relative to other document preparation systems. Individuals, institutions, and journals should carefully consider the ramifications of this finding when choosing document preparation strategies, or requiring them of authors. PMID:25526083

Knauff, Markus; Nejasmic, Jelica

2014-01-01

352

Partnered Research Experiences for Junior Faculty at Minority-Serving Institutions Enhance Professional Success  

PubMed Central

Scientific workforce diversity is critical to ensuring the realization of our national research goals and minority-serving institutions play a vital role in preparing undergraduate students for science careers. This paper summarizes the outcomes of supporting career training and research practices by faculty from teaching-intensive, minority-serving institutions. Support of these faculty members is predicted to lead to: 1) increases in the numbers of refereed publications, 2) increases in federal grant funding, and 3) a positive impact on professional activities and curricular practices at their home institutions that support student training. The results presented show increased productivity is evident as early as 1 yr following completion of the program, with participants being more independently productive than their matched peers in key areas that serve as measures of academic success. These outcomes are consistent with the goals of the Visiting Professorship Program to enhance scientific practices impacting undergraduate student training. Furthermore, the outcomes demonstrate the benefits of training support for research activities at minority-serving institutions that can lead to increased engagement of students from diverse backgrounds. The practices and results presented demonstrate a successful generalizable approach for stimulating junior faculty development and can serve as a basis for long-term faculty career development strategies that support scientific workforce diversity. PMID:24006388

Campbell, Andrew G.; Leibowitz, Michael J.; Murray, Sandra A.; Burgess, David; Denetclaw, Wilfred F.; Carrero-Martinez, Franklin A.; Asai, David J.

2013-01-01

353

Searching for Israeliness in 'No Man's Land': an ethnographic research of Israeli citizenship in a zionist academic institute in the 'West-Bank' of Israel/Palestine   

E-print Network

This thesis is the result of ethnographic research carried out in an Israeli academic institution, located in the West-Bank of Israel/Palestine. Focusing on the social science department, the research examines the content ...

Enav, Yarden B.

2009-01-01

354

Scientists’ perspectives concerning the effects of university patenting on the conduct of academic research in the life sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores scientists’ perspectives on the possible “unintended effects” of university patenting on the definition\\u000a of academic research agendas, and the norms of open science. Based on a survey of life science researchers in Denmark, we\\u000a found that a substantial proportion of scientists were skeptical about the impact of university patenting. The most skeptical\\u000a respondents were scientists oriented towards

Lee DavisMaria; Maria Theresa Larsen; Peter Lotz

2011-01-01

355

An interdisciplinary and systems-based evaluation of academic programs: Bovine mastitis-related veterinary research, education and outreach  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interdisciplinary and systems-oriented approach for evaluation of academic programs was explored in veterinary research,\\u000a education and extension in the context of prevention of bovine mastitis. Bibliometric-based document analysis and observation\\u000a methods were used to assess disciplinary contents of veterinary research and graduate education theses, and New York State\\u000a dairy farmers' adoption rate of selected veterinary recommendations (bacteriological testing of

A. L. Rivas; D. J. Wilson; R. N. Gonzalez; H. O. Mohammed; F. W. Quimby; D. H. Lein; R. A. Milligan; R. D. Colle; J. D. Deshler; W. M. K. Trochim

1997-01-01

356

Technology-Enhanced Language Learning (Tell): An Update and a Principled Framework for English for Academic Purposes (EAP) Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The range and number of technologies currently available have yielded both opportunities and challenges for language educators. This study aims to review recent technology-enhanced language learning (TeLL) research, and to examine their potential relevance to EAP pedagogy, curricula, assessment and instruction. The results of this study show TeLL…

Chau, Juliana; Lee, Alfred

2014-01-01

357

The hidden face of academic researches on classified highly pathogenic microorganisms.  

PubMed

Highly pathogenic microorganisms and toxins are manipulated in academic laboratories for fundamental research purposes, diagnostics, drugs and vaccines development. Obviously, these infectious pathogens represent a potential risk for human and/or animal health and their accidental or intentional release (biosafety and biosecurity, respectively) is a major concern of governments. In the past decade, several incidents have occurred in laboratories and reported by media causing fear and raising a sense of suspicion against biologists. Some scientists have been ordered by US government to leave their laboratory for long periods of time following the occurrence of an incident involving infectious pathogens; in other cases laboratories have been shut down and universities have been forced to pay fines and incur a long-term ban on funding after gross negligence of biosafety/biosecurity procedures. Measures of criminal sanctions have also been taken to minimize the risk that such incidents can reoccur. As United States and many other countries, France has recently strengthened its legal measures for laboratories' protection. During the past two decades, France has adopted a series of specific restriction measures to better protect scientific discoveries with a potential economic/social impact and prevent their misuse by ill-intentioned people without affecting the progress of science through fundamental research. French legal regulations concerning scientific discoveries have progressively strengthened since 2001, until the publication in November 2011 of a decree concerning the "PPST" (for "Protection du Potentiel Scientifique et Technique de la nation", the protection of sensitive scientific data). Following the same logic of protection of sensitive scientific researches, regulations were also adopted in an order published in April 2012 concerning the biology and health field. The aim was to define the legal framework that precise the conditions for authorizing microorganisms and toxins experimentation in France; these regulations apply for any operation of production, manufacturing, transportation, import, export, possession, supply, transfer, acquisition and use of highly pathogenic microorganisms and toxins, referred to as "MOT" (for "MicroOrganismes et Toxines hautement pathogènes") by the French law. Finally, laboratories conducting researches on such infectious pathogens are henceforth classified restricted area or ZRR (for "Zone à Régime Restrictif"), according an order of July 2012. In terms of economic protection, biosafety and biosecurity, these regulations represent an undeniable progress as compared to the previous condition. However, the competitiveness of research laboratories handling MOTs is likely to suffer the side effects of these severe constraints. For example research teams working on MOTs can be drastically affected both by (i) the indirect costs generated by the security measure to be applied; (ii) the working time devoted to samples recording; (iii) the establishment of traceability and reporting to national security agency ANSM, (iv) the latency period required for staff members being officially authorized to conduct experiments on MOTs; (v) the consequent reduced attractiveness for recruiting new trainees whose work would be significantly hampered by theses administrative constraints; and (vi) the limitations in the exchange of material with external laboratories and collaborators. Importantly, there is a risk that French academic researchers gradually abandon research on MOTs in favor of other projects that are less subject to legal restrictions. This would reduce the acquisition of knowledge in the field of MOTs which, in the long term, could be highly detrimental to the country by increasing its vulnerability to natural epidemics due to pathogenic microorganisms that are classified as MOTs and, by reducing its preparedness against possible bioterrorist attacks that would use such microorganisms. PMID:25445654

Devaux, Christian A

2015-01-01

358

Necessity for Industry-Academic Economic Geology Collaborations for Energy Critical Minerals Research and Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic geology is a highly interdisciplinary field utilizing a diverse set of petrologic, geochemical, geophysical, and tectonic data for improved scientific understanding of element migration and concentration in the crust (ore formation). A number of elements that were once laboratory curiosities now figure prominently in new energy technologies (e.g. wind turbines, solar energy collectors). If widely deployed, such technologies have the capacity to transform the way we produce, transmit, store, and conserve energy. To meet domestic and worldwide renewable energy needs these systems must be scaled from laboratory, to demonstration, to widespread deployment. Such technologies are materials intensive. If widely deployed, the elements required by these technologies will be needed in significant quantities and shortage of these "energy critical elements" could significantly inhibit the adoption of otherwise game changing energy technologies. It is imperative to better understand the geology, metallurgy, and mining engineering of critical mineral deposits if we are to sustainably develop these new technologies. There is currently no consensus among federal and state agencies, the national and international mining industry, the public, and the U.S. academic community regarding the importance of economic geology to secure sufficient energy critical elements to undertake large-scale renewable energy development. Available federal funding for critical elements focuses on downstream areas such as metallurgy, substitutions, and recycling rather than primary deposits. Undertaking the required research to discover and mine critical element deposits in an environmentally friendly manner will require significant partnering with industry due to the current lack of federal research support.

Hitzman, M.

2012-12-01

359

Improving Multibeam Data Quality Across the U.S. Academic Research Fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Multibeam Advisory Committee (MAC) is an NSF funded project with the goal of improving the quality of multibeam across the U.S. academic research fleet. There are many facets to the Committee's plan to reach this goal, one of which is to have a team of multibeam specialists visiting vessels in the fleet. During their ship visits, the MAC's Quality Assurance Team (QAT) deploys software tools, disseminates "best practice" documentation, assesses the state of the system as a whole and does everything they can to help ship operators better understand and operate their multibeam systems. A big part of these ship visits is simply outreach: we want to let the operators know that they have access to help if they need it. In addition to developing working relationships with the operating institutions, the MAC seeks to reach out to the end user: the scientific community that uses these facilities to further their research. By presenting the MAC and QAT concepts to the community, we hope to raise awareness of our efforts, introduce the software tools and best-practice documentation that we are deploying and also solicit feedback on what future directions the MAC should focus.

Johnson, P. D.; Beaudoin, J.; Ferrini, V.

2012-12-01

360

Stimulating Creativity by Integrating Research and Teaching Across the Academic Disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creativity is a human adventure fueled by the process of exploration. But how do we explore our intellectual interests? In this talk, I'll propose that we seek out our creative opportunities using an inherent natural process. This process might, therefore, exploit search strategies found across diverse natural systems -- ranging from the way animals forage for food to the way the human eye locates information embedded within complex patterns. The symbolic significance of this hypothesis lies in its call for educational institutes to provide environments that encourage our natural explorations rather those that stamp restrictive, artificial `order' on the process. To make my case, I'll review some of my own research trajectories followed during my RCSA Cottrell Scholarship at the University of Oregon (UO). My first conclusion will be that it is fundamentally unnatural to declare divides across disciplines. In particular, the infamous `art-science divide' is not a consequence of our natural creative searches but instead arises from our practical inability to accommodate the rapid drive toward academic specialization. Secondly, divides between research and teaching activities are equally unnatural -- both endeavors are driven by the same creative strategy and are intertwined within the same natural process. This applies equally to the experiences of professors and students. I will end with specific success stories at the UO. These include a NSF IGERT project (focused on accelerating students' transitions from classroom to research experiences) and a collaboration between architects and professors to design a building (the recently opened Lewis Integrative Science Building) that encourages daily encounters between students and professors across research disciplines.

Taylor, Richard

2013-03-01

361

Effects of a Summer Camp Program on Enhancing the Academic Achievement Skills of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if a summer camp utilizing academic and behavioral remediation programming could increase the academic achievement of children with autism spectrum disorders. Academic achievement was measured using the Wide Range Achievement Test-Fourth Edition (WRAT4; Wilkinson & Robertson, 2006) and an Informal Reading…

Davenport, Teresa L.

2011-01-01

362

Towards Sustainable Research Capacity Development and Research Ownership for Academic Institutes in Developing Countries: The Malawian Research Support Centre Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In lesser-developed African countries, the lack of institutionalised support for research, combined with limited career opportunities and poor remuneration, have contributed to weak research infrastructure and capacity, and a continuing brain drain to developed countries. Malawi's Research Support Centre (RSC) model is novel in that it provides a…

Gomo, Exnevia; Kalilani, Linda; Mwapasa, Victor; Trigu, Chifundo; Phiri, Kamija; Schmidt, Joann; van Hensbroek, Michael Boele

2011-01-01

363

Funding mechanisms for gender-specific research: proceedings from a panel discussion at the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference.  

PubMed

As part of the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine (AEM) consensus conference "Gender-Specific Research in Emergency Care: Investigate, Understand, and Translate How Gender Affects Patient Outcomes," we assembled a diverse panel of representatives from federal and nonfederal funding agencies to discuss future opportunities for sex- and gender-specific research. The discussion revolved around the mission and priorities of each organization, as well as its interest in promoting sex- and gender-specific research. The panelists were asked to provide specific examples of funding lines generated or planned for as pertinent to emergency care. Training opportunities for future researchers in this area were also discussed. PMID:25413301

Safdar, Basmah; Greenberg, Marna R; Anise, Ayodola; Brown, Jeremy; Conwit, Robin; Filart, Rosemarie; Scott, Jane; Choo, Esther K

2014-12-01

364

Anticipated Creations of New Academic Programs, Academic Units and Research Units Page Schools Proposal Status Years on List  

E-print Network

.D./M.P.H. Proposal Under Campus Review 2 Ph.D., M.S. Engineering Design Software (Engineering) Proposal Under Proposal Status Years on List School of Nursing Science Proposal Under Campus Review 3 School of Education Proposal Under Campus Review 2 Research Units Proposal Status 1 Research Unit in Biomedical Engineering

Rose, Michael R.

365

The Developing Utility of Zebrafish Models for Cognitive Enhancers Research  

PubMed Central

Whereas cognitive impairment is a common symptom in multiple brain disorders, predictive and high-throughput animal models of cognition and behavior are becoming increasingly important in the field of translational neuroscience research. In particular, reliable models of the cognitive deficits characteristic of numerous neurobehavioral disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia have become a significant focus of investigation. While rodents have traditionally been used to study cognitive phenotypes, zebrafish (Danio rerio) are gaining popularity as an excellent model to complement current translational neuroscience research. Here we discuss recent advances in pharmacological and genetic approaches using zebrafish models to study cognitive impairments and to discover novel cognitive enhancers and neuroprotective mechanisms. PMID:23449968

Stewart, Adam Michael; Kalueff, Allan V

2012-01-01

366

[The positioning of nursing research in the academic studies: the origin and development of qualitative and quantitative studies].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to discuss the historical context of qualitative and quantitative research so as to explain the principle of qualitative study and examine the positioning of nursing research within academic study as a whole. This paper guides the readers towards the historical context from empirical science, discusses the influences of qualitative and quantitative research on nursing research, then investigates the nature of research paradigms, examines the positioning of nursing research, which includes the characteristics of fields such as natural science, humanity and social studies, and science, and lastly, presents the research standard proposed by Yardley in 2000. The research paradigms include Positivism, Postpositivism, Criticism, and Constructivism, which can be compared with Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The nature of the paradigm is to determine the assumption of the paradigm on the basis of Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The paradigm determines how the researcher views the world and decides on what to answer, how to research, and how to answer. The difference in academic environment is reflected in the long-term dialogue between qualitative and quantitative studies, as well as the standard for criticism. This paper introduces the method of evaluation of the quality of qualitative study proposed by Yardley in 2002, namely the sensitivity of the context, the promise and conscientiousness, transparency and consistency, influence and significance. The paper is intended to provide a guideline for readers in evaluating the quality of qualitative study. PMID:16432800

Lu, Pei-Pei; Ting, Shing-Shiang; Chen, Mei-Ling; Tang, Woung-Ru

2005-12-01

367

UC Berkeley Nuclear Engineering Curriculum and Research Enhancement. Final report, February 14, 1993--February 14, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This is a report for the 2/14/93 to 2/14/95 period of the five-year program proposed and initiated in 1992, for curriculum and research enhancement for the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. The program is designed to strengthen the departmental academic infrastructure and improve the education breadth of nuclear engineering students. The DOE funds have supported scholarships and a novel educational program which includes summer coursework at the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant. The summer course provides an important introduction to reactor safety and operations to students who will in the future be responsible for running many of our existing nuclear power plants. The work was funded under DOE contract DE-FG0393ER75856, with a matching gift to the Department from the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E). The program described in the original grant proposal has been successful implemented with an enthusiastic response from our students and faculty. The program consisted of two parts, one for innovative additions to our curriculum funded by the DOE, and the other for distinguished lectureships and support for basic research funded by gifts from PG&E.

Fowler, T.K.; Peterson, P.F.

1995-05-11

368

The Changing Academic Profession in International and Quantitative Perspectives: A Focus on Teaching & Research Activities. Report of the International Conference on the Changing Academic Profession Project, 2010. RIHE International Seminar Reports. No.15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Institute for Higher Education in Hiroshima University started a program of research on the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) in 2005. The fourth and final conference was held in Hiroshima in January 2010. The following papers are presented at the conference: (1) Differentiation and Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning in…

Research Institute for Higher Education, Hiroshima University (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

369

Academic Outcomes for Children Born Preterm: A Summary and Call for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The developmental outcomes for children born preterm have been examined by many, with results unequivocally indicating that children born preterm tend to have poorer cognitive outcomes and more developmental difficulties. Less attention has been paid to academic outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to review the academic skills assessment of…

Keller-Margulis, Milena; Dempsey, Allison; Llorens, Ashlie

2011-01-01

370

Diversity and Research Practices among Academics in South African Universities: Race for the Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education systems, globally, are being called upon to effect changes in terms of widening student access and diversifying a previously homogenous academic staff profile. In South Africa, one of the main forces driving the diversification of academic staff is state policy in the form of employment equity legislation, with racial redress…

Thaver, Beverley

2009-01-01

371

Scaling up: Taking the Academic Pathways of People Learning Engineering Survey (APPLES) National. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Academic Pathways of People Learning Engineering Survey (APPLES) was deployed for a second time in spring 2008 to undergraduate engineering students at 21 US universities. The goal of the second deployment of APPLES was to corroborate and extend findings from the Academic Pathways Study (APS; 2003-2007) and the first deployment of APPLES…

Donaldson, Krista M.; Chen, Helen L.; Toye, George; Clark, Mia; Sheppard, Sheri D.

2008-01-01

372

To What Extent Is Academic Entrepreneurship Taken for Granted within Research Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We test the hypothesis that academic entrepreneurship, resisted in the past by some as being in conflict with the long-standing Mertonian norms of open science and free enquiry, has now become widely accepted within the academy, or "taken for granted", as an institutional shift. Using responses to a series of attitudinal questions about academic…

Goldstein, Harvey A.

2010-01-01

373

"Departmental Climate and Student Experiences in Geography Graduate Programs": Research for Enhancing Departments and Graduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the authors' research which combined quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze a rather intangible phenomenon of interest to higher education researchers and administrators, that being "departmental climate" (often referred to as "academic climate"). This investigation required the authors to develop a method by which…

Solem, Michael N.; Lee, Jenny; Schlemper, M. Beth

2011-01-01

374

Enhancing Scientifically-Based Research for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a brief overview of the No Child Left Behind Act (2001) requirement that schools use instructional strategies based on scientifically-based research (SBR) to improve the academic performance of students. Controversies resulting from the definition of SBR, complexities encountered in conducting research in schools, and the…

Ortiz, Alba A.; Yates, James R.

2008-01-01

375

Impact of Web-Enhanced Developmental English Course Instruction on Hispanic College Students' Writing and Grammar Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of academically underprepared Hispanic college students is increasing, and there is a need to adopt effective teaching tools to increase their academic achievement. Research has indicated the efficacy of web-enhanced instruction (WEI) in the classroom on student academic achievement, but a lack of research remains in regard to the…

Shehadeh, Hazar H.

2013-01-01

376

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

SciTech Connect

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research is a multi-year collaborative effort with the New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (NMPRRC), to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. Results from the wettability research will be applied to determine if alteration of wettability is a significant contributing mechanism for MEOR systems. Eight facultatively anaerobic surfactant producing isolates able to function in the reservoir conditions of the Minnelusa A Sands of the Powder River Basin in Wyoming were isolated from naturally occurring oil-laden environments. Isolates were characterized according to morphology, thermostability, halotolerance, growth substrates, affinity to crude oil/brine interfaces, degradative effects on crude oils, and biochemical profiles. Research at the INEL has focused on the elucidation of microbial mechanisms by which crude oil may be recovered from a reservoir and the chemical and physical properties of the reservoir that may impact the effectiveness of MEOR. Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 (ATCC 39307) has been used as a benchmark organism to quantify MEOR of medium weight crude oils (17.5 to 38.1{degrees}API) the capacity for oil recovery of Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 utilizing a sucrose-based nutrient has been elucidated using Berea sandstone cores. Spacial distribution of cells after microbial flooding has been analyzed with scanning electron microscopy. Also the effect of microbial surfactants on the interfacial tensions (IFT) of aqueous/crude oil systems has been measured. 87 refs., 60 figs., 15 tabs.

Thomas, C.P.; Bala, G.A.; Duvall, M.L.

1991-07-01

377

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.4202/app.2009.0036 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

378

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders-00113.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions, and presses. Your use

Yoder, John I.

379

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1651/10-3376.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

380

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1644/12-MAMM-A-225.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

381

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders-D-11-00065.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

382

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological, ecological, and environmental sciences. BioOne provides a sustainable online platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit

Miller, James R.

383

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions, and presses. Your use

Palmer, Margaret A.

384

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research fundersOne (www.bioone.org) is a a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological, ecological by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions, and presses. Your use of this PDF, the BioOne Web

Deng, Xing-Wang

385

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.2108/zsj.29.662 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

Takada, Shoji

386

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1644/13-MAMM-A-013.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

387

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1600/036364413X674887 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

388

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.5.20 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions, and presses. Your use

Kurapov, Alexander

389

A grounded theory study on the academic success of undergraduate women in science, engineering, and mathematics fields at a private, research university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This grounded theory study revealed the common factors of backgrounds, strategies, and motivators in academically successful undergraduate women in science, engineering, and mathematics (SEM) fields at a private, research university in the West. Data from interviews with 15 women with 3.25 or better grade point averages indicated that current academic achievement in their college SEM fields can be attributed to previous academic success, self awareness, time management and organizational skills, and maintaining a strong support network. Participants were motivated by an internal drive to academically succeed and attend graduate school. Recommendations are provided for professors, advisors, and student affairs professionals.

Hroch, Amber Michelle

2011-12-01

390

Prospector 8: Thermophotovoltaics -- An update on DoD, academic, and commercial research. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Thermophotovoltaics is the technology for photoconverting energy to electricity from an incandescent source which can be heated from any heat source. This technology is unique and has great promise for the development of portable power sources for the Dismounted Soldier. Consequently, a workshop on Thermophotovoltaics -- An Update of DoD, Academic and Commercial Research, was held at the Washington Duke Inn and Golf Club, on July 14--17, 1996, sponsored by the Army Research Office. To accomplish the objectives of the workshop, a group of scientists, active in the field, from government laboratories, industry and academia were invited to lecture on a wide range of topics germane to the emerging field of Thermophotovoltaics. The technical program consisted of plenary and state-of-the-art sessions covering as wide a range of relevant topics as the allotted time permitted. Recent advances in the technology associated with Thermophotovoltaics suggest that power systems could be built in the range from a few watts to greater than 500 watts which would impact the requirements for the Dismounted Soldier. As the Army becomes more mobile, a premium is to be paid for capability, reliability and minimal mass systems. Improvements in photovoltaics and emitters, in terms of reliability, size, weight, and energy efficiency might translate immediately into increased capability and, perhaps, reduced cost. For example, a fueled system only has to convert the energy stored in the fuel at an efficiency less than 2% (JP-8) to produce a power supply that is as energetic as existing batteries. Field able technology rarely equals laboratory prototype or theoretical capability. Obstacles sometimes are fundamental and perhaps can be finessed through appropriate R and D, innovative techniques, and skillful engineering. This workshop attempted to explore a number of potential applications of Thermophotovoltaics for the military and civil sector.

Rose, F.

1996-07-17

391

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written to support the excellence in teaching required to bring about learning of the highest quality. Chapters seek to offer the best practical advice in teaching, learning, and assessment, as well as references to research findings. An introductory section sets out the purpose of the book and examines the changing role and place of…

Fry, Heather, Ed.; Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.

392

Podcasts and Mobile Assessment Enhance Student Learning Experience and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to combine podcasts of lectures with mobile assessments (completed via SMS on mobile telephones) to assess the effect on examination performance. Students (n = 100) on a final year, research-led, module were randomly divided into equal sized control and trial groups. The trial group were given access to podcasts/mobile…

Morris, Neil P.

2010-01-01

393

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, aimed primarily at the inexperienced teacher in higher education, but useful also for the more experienced faculty member, provides practical advice on teaching, learning, and assessment that incorporates recent research findings. Following a "User's Guide" (Heather Fry, Steve Ketteridge, and Stephanie Marshall), the chapters of…

Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve; Marshall, Stephanie

394

Batting 300 is Good: Perspectives of Faculty Researchers and their Mentors on Rejection, Resilience, and Persistence in Academic Medical Careers  

PubMed Central

Purpose Professional rejection is a frequent experience in an academic medical career. The authors sought to understand how rejection affects those pursuing such careers and why some individuals may be more resilient than others in a population of individuals with demonstrated ability and interest in research careers. Method Between February 2010 and August 2011, the authors conducted semi-structured, in-depth telephone interviews with 100 former recipients of National Institutes of Health mentored career development awards and 28 of their mentors. Purposive sampling ensured a diverse range of viewpoints. Multiple analysts thematically coded verbatim transcripts using qualitative data analysis software. Results Participants described a variety of experiences with criticism and rejection in their careers, as well as an acute need for persistence and resilience in the face of such challenges. Through their narratives, participants also vividly described a range of emotional and behavioral responses to their experiences of professional rejection. Their responses illuminated the important roles that various factors, including mentoring and gender, play in shaping the ultimate influence of rejection on their own careers and on the careers of those they have mentored. Conclusions Responses to rejection vary considerably, and negative responses can lead promising individuals to abandon careers in academic medicine. Resilience does not, however, appear to be immutable—it can be learned. Given the frequency of experiences with rejection in academic medicine, strategies such as training mentors to foster resilience may be particularly helpful in improving faculty retention in academic medicine. PMID:23425991

DeCastro, Rochelle; Sambuco, Dana; Ubel, Peter A.; Stewart, Abigail; Jagsi, Reshma

2013-01-01

395

Academic Outcomes for Children Born Preterm: A Summary and Call for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developmental outcomes for children born preterm have been examined by many, with results unequivocally indicating that\\u000a children born preterm tend to have poorer cognitive outcomes and more developmental difficulties. Less attention has been\\u000a paid to academic outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to review the academic skills assessment of children born preterm,\\u000a examine the methodologies used to ascertain

Milena Keller-Margulis; Allison Dempsey; Ashlie Llorens

2011-01-01

396

Stroke Treatment Academic Industry Roundtable Research Priorities in the Assessment of Neurothrombectomy Devices  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose The goal of the Stroke Treatment Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) meetings is to advance the development of stroke therapies. At STAIR VIII, consensus recommendations were developed for clinical trial strategies to demonstrate the benefit of endovascular reperfusion therapies for acute ischemic stroke. Summary of Review Prospects for success with forthcoming endovascular trials are robust, because new neurothrombectomy devices have superior reperfusion efficacy compared with earlier-generation interventions. Specific recommendations are provided for trial designs in 3 populations: (1) patients undergoing intravenous fibrinolysis, (2) early patients ineligible for or having failed intravenous fibrinolysis, and (3) wake-up and other late-presenting patients. Among intravenous fibrinolysis–eligible patients, key principles are that CT or MRI confirmation of target arterial occlusions should precede randomization; endovascular intervention should be pursued with the greatest rapidity possible; and combined intravenous and neurothrombectomy therapy is more promising than neurothrombectomy alone. Among patients ineligible for or having failed intravenous fibrinolysis, scientific equipoise was affirmed and the need to randomize all eligible patients emphasized. Vessel imaging to confirm occlusion is mandatory, and infarct core and penumbral imaging is desirable in later time windows. Additional STAIR VIII recommendations include approaches to test multiple devices in a single trial, utility weighting of disability end points, and adaptive designs to delineate time and tissue injury thresholds at which benefits from intervention no longer accrue. Conclusions Endovascular research priorities in acute ischemic stroke are to perform trials testing new, highly effective neurothrombectomy devices rapidly deployed in patients confirmed to have target vessel occlusions. PMID:24193797

Saver, Jeffrey L.; Jovin, Tudor G.; Smith, Wade S.; Albers, Gregory W.

2014-01-01

397

Enhanced Classroom Teaching Through Case Research and Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information contained in this article is intended to help foster case writing skills, improve chances of future publication success, and attract more members of the academic community into this meaningful arena of professional development. The purpose of the case method is to bring some reality into the classroom by providing students with real world problems that promote in-depth analysis

Roy A. Cook; Janet Bear Wolverton

2002-01-01

398

Funded Research Proposals Action 2 Academic Year 2012-2013 The research proposals that receive funding for Action 2 for the Academic Year 2012-2013  

E-print Network

Pharmaceutical Industry . Tsionas (Economics) . Papadakis Testing for neglected heterogeity in stochasticDoc Researcher Research title . Nikolopoulos (Business Administration) I. Kapoutsis Understanding and Managing for Consumer Products and Social Services M. Kavussanos (Accounting & Finance) D. Dimitrakopoulos Market Risk

Chatziantoniou, Damianos

399

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.1603/EN10174 URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1603/EN10174 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofitOne provides a sustainable online platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies

Irvin, Nicola A.

400

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-13-00093.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums

Borsdorf, Axel

401

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.2111/1551-501X-33.5.25 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a a nonprofitOne provides a sustainable online platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies

Kurapov, Alexander

402

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1579/0044-7447-29.8.462 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums

Zavaleta, Erika

403

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-print Network

connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.229 URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.2108/zsj.29.229 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online a sustainable online platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations

Takada, Shoji

404

A resource-allocation model to enhance productivity of academic physicians.  

PubMed

The authors describe a resource-allocation model developed in the Medical Care Clinical Center at the Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center (a part of the VA Maryland Health Care System) and implemented in 1989. This model is a computer-based system that tracks the workload of each of the clinical center's specialty sections (e.g., cardiology) and calculates each section's workload as a percentage of the total clinical center workload. As the basis of this calculation, six activities of each section are tracked by the model (e.g., inpatient attending physicians' rotations; inpatient consultations; etc.) to determine what percentage of each activity of the entire clinical center was provided by each section. Each of these percentages is then recalculated according to a weighted average based on the relative value of the activity to the department; these averages are revised periodically as needed. The model provides an incentive for the specialty sections to increase productivity by generating competition among sections for physician salary support. Communication among all concerned at the clinical center and its associated medical school and teaching hospital has been the key to success in implementing the model, which is periodically reviewed and has been revised several times after meetings with section chiefs and division heads. The authors are confident that the use of the model has been at least partly responsible for increased productivity of clinical center physicians, especially in the areas of visits per physician and funded VA research dollars per physician. Perhaps equally important is the future potential of the model. Because of its simplicity and because it is generally seen to be fair and effective, it will continue to be used to reward activities most important to the clinical center, especially now that the center operates under a fully capitated system, and in this way wil help ensure the financial viability of the center. PMID:9795623

Blalock, J; Mackowiak, P A

1998-10-01

405

Development and implementation of a workshop to enhance the effectiveness of mentors working with diverse mentees in HIV research.  

PubMed

Abstract A growing body of evidence highlights the importance of competent mentoring in academic research in the field of HIV, particularly for early stage investigators from diverse, underrepresented backgrounds. We describe the development and implementation of a 2-day intensive workshop to train mid-level and senior-level investigators conducting HIV-related clinical and translational research across multiple academic institutions on more effective mentoring, with an emphasis on techniques to foster mentees of diversity. The workshop was focused on training mentors in techniques designed to improve the effectiveness of the mentor-mentee relationship, and included didactic presentations, interactive discussions, and small-group problem-based learning activities. Mid-level or senior-level faculty involved or planning to be involved in significant mentorship activities related to HIV research were eligible. Surveys and formal actions plans allowed for workshop evaluation and laid the groundwork for subsequent workshops. Twenty-six faculty from 16?U.S.-based institutions participated, with good representation across discipline, gender, and race/ethnicity. The sessions were highly rated and discussions and evaluations revealed important barriers and facilitators to mentoring, challenges and solutions related to mentoring mentees from diverse backgrounds, and specific tools to enhance mentoring effectiveness. The Mentoring the Mentors training program for HIV researchers focusing on early career investigators of diversity was the first of its kind and was well attended, was rated highly, and provided guidance for improving the program in the future. This training program fills an important gap in the HIV researcher community and offers guidance for training mentors interested in diversity issues in settings outside of HIV. PMID:24735004

Gandhi, Monica; Fernandez, Alicia; Stoff, David M; Narahari, Swathi; Blank, Michael; Fuchs, Jonathan; Evans, Clyde H; Kahn, James S; Johnson, Mallory O

2014-08-01

406

Outcomes of a Research-Driven Laboratory and Literature Course Designed to Enhance Undergraduate Contributions to Original Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work describes outcomes of a research-driven advanced microbiology laboratory and literature research course intended to enhance undergraduate preparation for and contributions to original research. The laboratory section was designed to teach fundamental biochemistry and molecular biology techniques in the context of an original research…

Rasche, Madeline E.

2004-01-01

407

"Building a Mystery": Alternative Research Writing and the Academic Act of Seeking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a series of alternatives to the modernist research paper: the argumentative research paper, the personal research paper, the research essay, and the multi-genre/media/disciplinary/cultural research paper. Addresses theoretical implications of alternative research writing strategies. (NH)

Davis, Robert; Shadle, Mark

2000-01-01

408

Enhancing Human Health Using Space Imagery: Summary of Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space University (ISU) 2002 Summer Session was conducted in Pomona, California, June 29-August 30, 2002. Ninety-nine professionals and students from thirty-one countries attended the Summer Session. More than half of these students participated in the Student Research Design Project entitled, "HI-STAR: Health Improvements through Space Technologies and Resources." ISU's interdisciplinary Student Research Design Projects are intended to have great educational value for the participants and, at the same time, to result in a product that will be useful to the field. The HI-STAR project was a success on both counts. The mission of the ISU students' effort on HI-STAR was to develop and promote a global strategy to help combat malaria using space technology. Like the tiny yet powerful mosquito, HI-STAR is a small program that aspires to make a difference. Timely detection of malaria danger zones is essential to help health authorities and policy makers make decisions about how to manage limited resources for combating malaria. In 2001, the technical support network for prevention and control of malaria epidemics published a study called "Malaria Early Warning Systems: Concepts, Indicators and Partners." This study, funded by Roll Back Malaria, a World Health Organization initiative, offered a framework for a monitoring and early warning system. HI-STAR seeks to build on this proposal and enhance the space elements of the suggested framework. Malaria disease dynamics and distributions are related to environmental variables. From space, environmental conditions that support the growth of mosquito populations can be monitored, Malaria-specific information can be gathered from satellite-borne remote sensing instruments and ground-based sensors. This information can be integrated via geographic information systems (GIS) into a Malaria Information System (MIS) that can provide assessment analyses and risk maps as output. HI-STAR defines and suggests the development of an active MIS as a low-cost tool to help organizations plan their efforts to fight malaria.

Finarelli, Margaret G.

2002-01-01

409

Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Academic and Clinical Convergence Point for Psychiatry, Neurology, Psychology and Pediatrics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next…

Reiss, Allan L.

2009-01-01

410

Using my ARMADA Research Experience to Enhance Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I am a high school Biology teacher living in Layton, Utah. I was chosen to participate in the 2006 ARMADA Project. This project is funded by the National Science Foundation and administered by the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography. The project focuses on a mentoring experience coupled with a summer scientific research for teachers. I wish to present how I am incorporating the University of Rhode Island training experience and my scientific research field experience into my classroom teaching. My research experience was in the Eastern Tropical Pacific estimating current dolphin populations. Other projects I worked on were sea turtle tagging, squid sampling, fish sampling, whale biopsy, and CTD deployment. The knowledge I gleaned from the University of Rhode Island to incorporate into my classroom came from Roger Williams University aquaculture program. I am presently doing two ongoing projects with my students. We are aquaculturing zebra fish, by using this tool I am able to teach each state directed objective with the hands on experience of raising zebra fish. The second project I am involved with is the Great Salt Lake project. The high school environmental club owns a 26 foot sailboat on the Great Salt Lake. Every Saturday we take 6 students out on the lake and record position, visibility, water temperature, and salinity. We are also sampling brine shrimp and bottom bacteria for wet lab work. This is a new and innovative approach for me to teach Biology. The information and experience I was able to receive over the summer of 2006 has greatly enhanced the way I teach. I would like the opportunity to share my experiences and how I have incorporated them into my classroom. I will use power point to share my strategies and will answer questions on the practical application of these projects in the classroom. My students have grasped these 2 projects and inquiry questions have risen. Global warming and lake temperature are now being paralleled. Food web and habitat are continually discussed and there is an excitement that is refreshing. I do hope to share my experiences with others.

Harris, M.

2006-12-01

411

Academic Freedom and Academic-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial academic-industry relationships (AIRs) are widespread in biotechnology and have resulted in a wide array of restrictions on academic research. Objections to such restrictions have centered on the charge that they violate academic freedom. I argue that these objections are almost invariably unsuccessful. On a consequentialist understanding of the value of academic free- dom, they rely on unfounded empirical claims

Robert Streiffer

2006-01-01

412

Towards the Development of an Academic Word List for Applied Linguistics Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic vocabulary, as the most challenging aspect of language learning in EAP and ESP contexts, has received much attention in the last few decades (e.g. Laufer, 1988; Sutarsyah, et al., 1994; Laufer and Nation, 1999; Coxhead, 2000; Nation, 2001a, 2001b; Wang et al., 2008; Martinez et al., 2009). The major attainments of these studies were…

Khani, Reza; Tazik, Khalil

2013-01-01

413

Recycling Academic Calendars. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Currents, October 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of a variety of postsecondary institutions using different academic calendar options are examined. Several calendar options are described: the traditional semester, the early semester, 4-1-4, the quarter system, the trimester plan, composite plans, and year-round plans. The traditional semester calendar begins in mid-September and…

Eddy, Margot Sanders

414

The Three Stooges in "Academe": A Summary/Review of Recent Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the interest by academic popular culture scholars in the films of the American slapstick comedy group of the 1930s and 1940s, "The Three Stooges." Noting that between 1990 and 1995 at least 17 scholarly articles have been presented at various popular culture association meetings, the paper touches upon the universal and…

Morlan, Don B.

415

Choice of Variables and Gender Differentiated Prediction within Selected Academic Programs. Research Report #105.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The existence of differential prediction of two-year grade point average is reported for gender groups within programs of study at the University of Iowa. Academic records of all freshmen entering the University in 1978 in the fields of Business, Liberal Arts, Pre-Medicine, and those undecided as to major were analyzed with respect to American…

Gamache, LeAnn M.; Novick, Melvin R.

416

The Dangers of Academic Bubble Economy from a Young Researcher's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, it is becoming common to apply the metaphor of "economic bubble" to the description of certain phenomena in the academic field. The metaphor is generally used to refer to the difference between the expectable market value of the degree and the investments needed to receive it. The analogy is with the economic phenomenon, in…

Toth, Janos

2012-01-01

417

Putting a Face on Hunger: A Community-Academic Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Food insecurity is a growing concern for Eau Claire County residents in Western Wisconsin. A community-academic partnership studied food insecurity through the voices of families struggling to access food and institutions that assist with hunger related problems. Data were collected through focus groups held in urban and rural parts of the county.…

Coffey, Nancy; Canales, Mary K.; Moore, Emily; Gullickson, Melissa; Kaczmarski, Brenda

2014-01-01

418

New Natures and Old Science: Hands-on Practice and Academic Research in Ecological Restoration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecological restoration is a growing field in many parts of the world. Although it started as a field of practitioners in the Midwest of the USA, restoration is currently growing rapidly as an academic discipline. In this paper the development of ecological resto- ration is discussed by relating it to the propagated Mode 2 for the dynamics of sci- ence

Matthias Gross

419

The School Environment and Adolescent Well-Being: Beyond Academics. Research Brief. Publication #2008-26  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents spend a large proportion of their day in school or pursuing school-related activities. While the primary purpose of school is the academic development of students, its effects on adolescents are far broader, also encompassing their physical and mental health, safety, civic engagement, and social development. Further, its effects on all…

Marin, Pilar; Brown, Brett

2008-01-01

420

The Difficult Transition? Teaching, Research, Service: Examining the Preparedness of Communication Faculty Entering the Academe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, based on a survey of graduate students seeking employment, examines the categories and levels of preparedness of new professors/instructors as they enter academe. Preparedness was examined in several ways--specifically knowledge about higher education requirements and their preparation for teaching, advising, and service in the field…

Whitfield, Toni Selena; Hickerson, Corey

2013-01-01

421

Understanding Faculty Perceptions of the Future: Action Research for Academic Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of this study was to aid academic librarians in examining their perceptions of the future of higher education, engaging disciplinary faculty members to understand their views, and determining actions to take to shape the future. In this mixed methods study, scenarios about the future of higher education served as the basis for…

Malenfant, Kara Josephine

2011-01-01

422

Asynchronous interface between a finite element commercial software ABAQUS and an academic research code HEREZH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to describe an efficient method to connect two independent softwares so as to jointly use best qualities of each software around a complex problem solved by the finite element method (FEM). This connection makes it possible to extend quickly and easily the applicability of new models developed in academic softwares, by their simultaneous use

G. Rio; H. Laurent; G. Blès

2008-01-01

423

Seating Arrangements that Promote Positive Academic and Behavioural Outcomes: A Review of Empirical Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seating arrangements are important classroom setting events because they have the potential to help prevent problem behaviours that decrease student attention and diminish available instructional time. The purpose of this synthesis of empirical literature is to determine which arrangements of desks best facilitate positive academic and behavioural…

Wannarka, Rachel; Ruhl, Kathy

2008-01-01

424

Staying or Going? Australian Early Career Researchers' Narratives of Academic Work, Exit Options and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian universities will lose a substantial proportion of their staff through retirement over the next decade. A recent study has indicated that attrition of academic staff that are not at the end of their career may exacerbate the problem. To assist in developing appropriate retention strategies, this article examines the ways in which early…

Petersen, Eva Bendix

2011-01-01

425

The Senate of York University Academic Policy, Planning and Research Committee  

E-print Network

, prioritize its goals, and guide near-term planning. The UAP 2010-2015 has a special context in this regard-year horizon, the UAP sets out academic goals over a shorter time frame. The UAP also brings aspects such as collegial governance into clearer view. Yet they are complementary and mutually reinforcing (past UAPs

426

Library Research and Statistics. Research on Libraries and Librarianship in 2002; Number of Libraries in the United States and Canada; Highlights of NCES Surveys; Library Acquisition Expenditures, 2001-2002: U.S. Public, Academic, Special, and Government Libraries; LJ Budget Report: A Precarious Holding Pattern; Price Indexes for Public and Academic Libraries; Library Buildings 2002: The Building Buck Doesn't Stop Here.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes seven reports that discuss research on libraries and librarianship, including academic, public, and school libraries; awards and grants; number of libraries in the United States and Canada; National Center for Education Statistics results; library expenditures for public, academic, special, and government libraries; library budgets; price…

Lynch, Mary Jo; Oder, Norman; Halstead, Kent; Fox, Bette-Lee

2003-01-01

427

Academic Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded as part of the Backdoor Broadcasting Company, Academic service "specializes in web-casting academic conferences, symposia, public lectures, workshops, and seminars in order to further the dissemination of academic research." Visitors can listen in to the fruits of their labors on this site, which includes both live broadcasts, and a range of archived events. It's easy to get started here, and visitors can click on the "Archive" to view some of their past events. Some of their latest additions include "Teaching History in Deep Time", "States of Mind: Development and the Life Cycle", and noted author Alain de Botton commenting on "The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work". Another nice feature of the site is that visitors can view a list of upcoming events and take a look at their interactive calendar.

428

The Scholarship of Academic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selections in this book address the concept and nature of academic development and examine research into and within the field. Following an introduction, "Developing a Scholarship of Academic Development: Setting the Context," by Ranald Macdonald, the chapters of part 1, "Conceptualizing Academic Development," are: (2) "Academic Development: A…

Eggins, Heather, Ed.; Macdonald, Ranald, Ed.

429

Enhancing Students Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, the public was expressing discontent about the declining of students' test scores and the quality of public schooling. The federal government eventually began discussing and debating for education reform and the No Child Left Behind of 2001 was finally passed and signed by President…

Rulloda, Rudolfo Barcena

2011-01-01

430

Enhanced/Synthetic Vision Systems - Human factors research and implications for future systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reviews recent human factors research studies conducted in the Aerospace Human Factors Research Division at NASA Ames Research Center related to the development and usage of Enhanced or Synthetic Vision Systems. Research discussed includes studies of field of view (FOV), representational differences of infrared (IR) imagery, head-up display (HUD) symbology, HUD advanced concept designs, sensor fusion, and sensor/database fusion and evaluation. Implications for the design and usage of Enhanced or Synthetic Vision Systems are discussed.

Foyle, David C.; Ahumada, Albert J.; Larimer, James; Sweet, Barbara T.

1992-01-01

431

A Video Introduction to Psychology: Enhancing Research Interest and Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the extent to which a video about psychological research would heighten introductory psychology students' interest and participation in research studies, we created a video about ongoing research at our university, the value of research participation, and course requirements for the research experience. Instructors in 4 courses (N = 471…

Sacco, Donald F.; Bernstein, Michael J.

2010-01-01

432

Edinburgh Research Explorer Intelligibility enhancement of HMM-generated speech in additive  

E-print Network

Edinburgh Research Explorer Intelligibility enhancement of HMM-generated speech in additive noise enhancement of HMM- generated speech in additive noise by modifying Mel cepstral coefficients to increase claim. Download date: 15. Sep. 2014 #12;Intelligibility enhancement of HMM-generated speech in additive

Edinburgh, University of

433

On How Editors of Academic Journals at Institutions of Higher Learning Should Resist Academic Corruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic corruption is a hot issue in today's society. "Academic corruption" means that certain individuals in academic circles, driven by the desire for personal gain, resort to various kinds of nonnormative and unethical behavior in academic research activities. These include: academic self-piracy, academic piracy, copying and plagiarism,…

Jing, Xiao

2007-01-01

434

Using Research and Projects to Develop Tablet PC Applications for Enhanced Undergraduate Learning  

E-print Network

Using Research and Projects to Develop Tablet PC Applications for Enhanced Undergraduate Learning Pace University, New York Using Research and Projects to Develop Tablet PC Applications for Enhanced to facilitate the use and effective integration of the Tablet PC into undergraduate courses, primarily CIS 101

Tappert, Charles

435

Raising the Bar on External Research Funding: Infrastructure and Strategies for Enhancing Faculty Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators seek faculty who have the expertise to secure external funding to support their research agenda. Administrators also seek strategies to support and enhance faculty productivity across different ranks. In this manuscript, we describe the infrastructure we established and strategies we implemented to enhance the research enterprise at…

Chval, Kathryn B.; Nossaman, Larry D.

2014-01-01

436

Implementing health research through academic and clinical partnerships: a realistic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC)  

PubMed Central

Background The English National Health Service has made a major investment in nine partnerships between higher education institutions and local health services called Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC). They have been funded to increase capacity and capability to produce and implement research through sustained interactions between academics and health services. CLAHRCs provide a natural 'test bed' for exploring questions about research implementation within a partnership model of delivery. This protocol describes an externally funded evaluation that focuses on implementation mechanisms and processes within three CLAHRCs. It seeks to uncover what works, for whom, how, and in what circumstances. Design and methods This study is a longitudinal three-phase, multi-method realistic evaluation, which deliberately aims to explore the boundaries around knowledge use in context. The evaluation funder wishes to see it conducted for the process of learning, not for judging performance. The study is underpinned by a conceptual framework that combines the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services and Knowledge to Action frameworks to reflect the complexities of implementation. Three participating CLARHCS will provide in-depth comparative case studies of research implementation using multiple data collection methods including interviews, observation, documents, and publicly available data to test and refine hypotheses over four rounds of data collection. We will test the wider applicability of emerging findings with a wider community using an interpretative forum. Discussion The idea that collaboration between academics and services might lead to more applicable health research that is actually used in practice is theoretically and intuitively appealing; however the evidence for it is limited. Our evaluation is designed to capture the processes and impacts of collaborative approaches for implementing research, and therefore should contribute to the evidence base about an increasingly popular (e.g., Mode two, integrated knowledge transfer, interactive research), but poorly understood approach to knowledge translation. Additionally we hope to develop approaches for evaluating implementation processes and impacts particularly with respect to integrated stakeholder involvement. PMID:21771329

2011-01-01

437

Target Areas for Enhanced Research Funding and Milestones toward an Improved National Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of institutional research, particularly at New Jersey's research universities, is critical to the competitiveness of both the institutions and the state. Strategic efforts to enhance the quality of research, expand the boundaries of knowledge, and increase the amount of research funding for colleges and universities in the state are…

New Jersey Commission on Higher Education, 2005

2005-01-01

438

Enhancing student learning in sport management through applied research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regarding business research methods, Zikmund (2002) differentiates between basic (pure) research, which is intended to expand the boundaries of knowledge through the development of concepts and theories, and applied research, which is undertaken to address specific problems or situations. As stated by the author, both types of research employ the scientific method to better understand business phenomena; albeit to varying

Heather Lawrence; Athena Yiamouyiannis; Patrick Moran

2008-01-01

439

Illinois Academic Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the years immediately preceding and following the new millennium, Illinois academic librarians have launched exciting new ventures to enhance and strengthen the vitality and influence of libraries in the state. As catalysts for cooperation, these librarians have displayed creativity, collegiality, and leadership in forming alliances. This article describes the recent cooperative activities of four Illinois academic consortia and posits

Carolyn A. Sheehy; Bernie Sloan

2002-01-01

440

Molecular dynamics simulation of organometallic reaction dynamics, and, Enhancing achievement in chemistry for African American students through innovations in pedagogy aligned with supporting assessment and curriculum and integrated under an alternative research paradigm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Part I. Molecular dynamics simulation of organometallic reaction dynamics. To study the interplay of solute and solvent dynamics, large-scale molecular dynamics simulations were employed. Lennard-Jones and electrostatic models of potential energies from solvent-only studies were combined with solute potentials generated from ab-initio calculations. Radial distribution functions and other measures revealed the polar solvent's response to solute dynamics following CO dissociation. In future studies, the time-scale for solvent coordination will be confirmed with ultrafast spectroscopy data. Part II. Enhancing achievement in chemistry for African American students through innovations in pedagogy aligned with supporting assessment and curriculum and integrated under an alternative research paradigm. Much progress has been made in the area of research in education that focuses on teaching and learning in science. Much effort has also centered on documenting and exploring the disparity in academic achievement between underrepresented minority students and students comprising a majority in academic circles. However, few research projects have probed educational inequities in the context of mainstream science education. In order to enrich this research area and to better reach underserved learning communities, the educational experience of African American students in an ethnically and academically diverse high school science class has been examined throughout one, largely successful, academic year. The bulk of data gathered during the study was obtained through several qualitative research methods and was interpreted using research literature that offered fresh theoretical perspectives on equity that may better support effective action.

Mebane, Sheryl Dee

441

The Effects of an Inquiry-Internet Research Project on Motivation, Self-Efficacy, and Academic Autonomy in Heterogenously Grouped High School Latin I Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to analyze and induce change to lessen the achievement gap in heterogeneously grouped high school Latin classes where some students may be at academic risk, due to insufficient knowledge, inability to connect with the subject, and poor performances. The researcher engaged in action research, a branch of qualitative…

Wagman, Janet Campbell

2005-01-01

442

UNLV Libraries Strategic Plan: July 2011 through June 2015 The UNLV Libraries will define the new academic research library--bringing people and information together in innovative ways.  

E-print Network

emerges as a leading urban research institution, the Libraries will pioneer dynamic, user-focused methods to the knowledge base of the profession; evaluation and continuous improvement; open, clear, and honest the new academic research library--bringing people and information together in innovative ways. As UNLV

Hemmers, Oliver

443

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

444

Antibody validation of immunohistochemistry for biomarker discovery: Recommendations of a consortium of academic and pharmaceutical based histopathology researchers  

PubMed Central

As biomarker discovery takes centre-stage, the role of immunohistochemistry within that process is increasing. At the same time, the number of antibodies being produced for “research use” continues to rise and it is important that antibodies to be used as biomarkers are validated for specificity and sensitivity before use. This guideline seeks to provide a stepwise approach for the validation of an antibody for immunohistochemical assays, reflecting the views of a consortium of academic and pharmaceutical based histopathology researchers. We propose that antibodies are placed into a tier system, level 1–3, based on evidence of their usage in immunohistochemistry, and that the degree of validation required is proportionate to their place on that tier. PMID:24525140

Howat, William J.; Lewis, Arthur; Jones, Phillipa; Kampf, Caroline; Pontén, Fredrik; van der Loos, Chris M.; Gray, Neil; Womack, Chris; Warford, Anthony

2014-01-01

445

Enhancing the Practice of Drama in Education through Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the kinds of broad questions that researches in drama education ask. Describes descriptive, historical, theoretical, qualitative, and quantitative research methodologies currently being employed. Gives examples of studies exemplifying each methodology. (HB)

O'Farrell, Lawrence

1993-01-01

446

The Reluctant Academic: Early-Career Academics in a Teaching-Orientated University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on research into academic identities amongst early-career academics in a UK post-1992, teaching-orientated university. Literature around academic identity suggests five major academic roles: teaching, research, management, writing and networking. However, this appears to be a picture of an established mid-career academic in a…

Gale, Helen

2011-01-01

447

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.2179/13-012 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

448

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research fundersOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological, ecological by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions, and presses. Your use of this PDF, the BioOne Web

449

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1676/11-043.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions

Phillips, John B.

450

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.1676/09-153.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in the biological and books published by nonprofit societies, associations, museums, institutions, and presses. Your use

Alwes, Frederike

451

ACADEMIC RESEARCH: A HIGH-COST, LOW-BENEFITS BUSINESS Denis Besnard & Lindsay Marshall  

E-print Network

and malpractices are progressively turning public research into a costly and biased activity. One of the reasons lies in the pressure put on researchers to publish their work in scientific journals. This used (1995), a researcher in Mathematics, assert

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

452

Enhancing International Collaboration among Academic Developers in Established and Emerging Contexts: Moving toward a Post-Colonial Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the acceleration of globalization, academic developers from institutions and countries with established educational development programs and networks are called upon increasingly to share their expertise and offer guidance to colleagues in emerging higher education contexts. Based on a higher education conference held in Beijing in 2009, this…

Lee, Virginia S.; DeZure, Deborah; Debowski, Shelda; Ho, Angela; Li, Kang

2013-01-01

453

An Examination of the Efficacy of Insights in Enhancing the Academic and Behavioral Development of Children in Early Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary aim of this group randomized trial was to test the efficacy of INSIGHTS Into Children's Temperament (INSIGHTS) in increasing the academic achievement and sustained attention and reducing the disruptive behavior problems of low-income kindergarten and 1st grade children. Twenty-two urban elementary schools serving low-income…

O'Connor, Erin E.; Cappella, Elise; McCormick, Meghan P.; McClowry, Sandee G.

2014-01-01

454

Discovering Synergistic Qualities of Published Authors to Enhance Translational Research  

PubMed Central

Translational research is the process of bringing together basic scientific research and improvements in patient care. This process, by its very nature, requires a wide range of skills and resources, typically not found within any single individual. This project investigates the synergistic features of published researchers at the Oregon Clinical and Translational Research Institute (OCTRI) to see how scientists with different specializations can be brought together to improve translational research. The investigated features were author connectivity and complementarity of research subjects. Author connectivity was measured by taking the Average Path Length (APL) and cluster coefficients [1] over an OCTRI coauthor network. A high degree of connectivity, or low APL value, would indicate that a researcher has participated in many collaborations and published many papers with other OCTRI researchers. This would imply that they have some experience we could leverage to build teams for translational research. Subject complementarity was established by using pairs of frequently co-occurring MeSH terms. Those terms were then used to bridge researchers together through indirect Swanson matching [2] and present evidence of topic synergy, or potential collaborative synergy. Our initial investigation supports the development of a collaborative browsing tool to assist the creation of new translational research teams. Such a tool is being developed at the OCTRI and will include a user-centric evaluation in the near future. PMID:18999089

Bahr, Nathan J.; Cohen, Aaron M.

2008-01-01

455

Chairs and Directors of Academic Units Academic Management Main Office  

E-print Network

-President (Academic) John Shepherd 8703Vice-Provost and Associate Vice-President (Academic) Katherine Graham 8925 Work Faculty of Science Malcolm Butler 4388Dean Prosenjit Bose 4388Associate Dean (Research

Dawson, Jeff W.

456

Sex- and gender-specific research priorities in cardiovascular resuscitation: proceedings from the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference Cardiovascular Resuscitation Research Workgroup.  

PubMed

Significant sex and gender differences in both physiology and psychology are readily acknowledged between men and women; however, data are lacking regarding differences in their responses to injury and treatment and in their ultimate recovery and survival. These variations remain particularly poorly defined within the field of cardiovascular resuscitation. A better understanding of the interaction between these important factors may soon allow us to dramatically improve outcomes in disease processes that currently carry a dismal prognosis, such as sudden cardiac arrest. As part of the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference "Gender-Specific Research in Emergency Medicine: Investigate, Understand, and Translate How Gender Affects Patient Outcomes," our group sought to identify key research questions and knowledge gaps pertaining to both sex and gender in cardiac resuscitation that could be answered in the near future to inform our understanding of these important issues. We combined a monthly teleconference meeting of interdisciplinary stakeholders from largely academic institutions with a focused interest in cardiovascular outcomes research, an extensive review of the existing literature, and an open breakout session discussion on the recommendations at the consensus conference to establish a prioritization of the knowledge gaps and relevant research questions in this area. We identified six priority research areas: 1) out-of-hospital cardiac arrest epidemiology and outcome, 2) customized resuscitation drugs, 3) treatment role for sex steroids, 4) targeted temperature management and hypothermia, 5) withdrawal of care after cardiac arrest, and 6) cardiopulmonary resuscitation training and implementation. We believe that exploring these key topics and identifying relevant questions may directly lead to improved understanding of sex- and gender-specific issues seen in cardiac resuscitation and ultimately improved patient outcomes. PMID:25491706

Wigginton, Jane G; Perman, Sarah M; Barr, Gavin C; McGregor, Alyson J; Miller, Andrew C; Napoli, Anthony F; Safdar, Basmah; Weaver, Kevin R; Deutsch, Steven; Kayea, Tami; Becker, Lance

2014-12-01

457

Strategies for Promoting Research Participation among Nurses Employed as Academics in the University Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies intended to develop research culture and promote research among nursing faculty included needs analysis, management plan, research skills workshops, performance indicators, seed grants, mentoring, colloquia, and teaching load reduction. Follow-up 2 years later showed substantial change in skills, confidence, and time spent on research

Gething, Lindsay; Leelarthaepin, Boonseng

2000-01-01

458

Strategies To Enhance Memory Based on Brain-Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the literature on three aspects of memory: (1) an information processing model of memory (including the sensory register, attention, short-term memory, and long-term memory); (2) instructional strategies designed to enhance memory (which stress gaining students' attention and active involvement); and (3) reasons why…

Banikowski, Alison K.; Mehring, Teresa A.

1999-01-01

459

The Role of the NSF Broader Impacts Criterion in Enhancing Research Ethics Pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the contribution of the NSF Broader Impacts Criterion (BIC) in illuminating the need for broader conception of research ethics in the sciences. This essay advocates augmenting traditional Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) education (procedural ethics) with training regarding broader impacts (extrinsic ethics). We argue that enhancing research ethics training in this way provides a more comprehensive understanding of

Erich W. Schienke; Nancy Tuana; Donald A. Brown; Kenneth J. Davis; Klaus Keller; James S. Shortle; Michelle Stickler; Seth D. Baum

460

Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children's Thinking  

E-print Network

. Teachers plan instruction using research-based knowledge about children's mathematical thinking (Carpenter40 Pre-service Mathematics Teachers Conducting Research to Enhance Their Knowledge of Children-service teachers enrolled in a mathematics methods course. Subjects conducted research on children's mathematical

Spagnolo, Filippo

461

Enhancing the Interpretation of "Significant" Findings: The Role of Mixed Methods Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present essay outlines how mixed methods research can be used to enhance the interpretation of significant findings. First, we define what we mean by significance in educational evaluation research. With regard to quantitative-based research, we define the four types of significance: statistical significance, practical significance, clinical…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.

2004-01-01

462

Academic Apprentice Personnel Manual 1 Academic Apprentice  

E-print Network

with scholarly research. EDB: Employee Database, online data entry for employment DCP: Defined Contribution Plan...................................................7 TA Training Programs and Handbook..................7 Terms of Employment Academic Student Employees Contract.................8 Duration ofAppointment .....................................8 Maximum

Jalali. Bahram

463

Enhancing Eighth Grade Student Presentations of Scientific Research with Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to improve the research and communication skills of eighth-grade students with the integration of technology, mathematics, and science when doing real-experience problem solving. Four units were developed that related the use of technology to skills that are also used in gathering, organizing, and manipulating research…

Shreiner, Berdella H.

464

Women in physics in Bulgaria-Enhancing research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bulgaria currently has a relatively high number of women in top positions at the governmental level, yet the presidents of the important universities and most of the directors of research institutions are male. Gender balance is driven by the need to improve research quality in interdisciplinary fields, where the similarities and differences between men and women in creativity and thought play a crucial role.

Proykova, Ana

2013-03-01

465

Organizationally supporting innovation in technology-enhanced instruction and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instructional and Research Technology Services (IRTS) is a new unit on the campus of Indiana State University (ISU) created to envision, explore, design, and evaluate new and emerging technologies to support teaching, research, and student learning. One of the most important tenants of this new group is to add value to ISU's information technology investments. Siegel (2003) commented, \\

Kenneth Janz; Susan Owen

2004-01-01

466

Using Technology to Enhance Qualitative Research with Hidden Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advances in technology provide researchers with increased opportunities to locate and conduct research with populations that have historically been inaccessible. This manuscript describes the development of private, voluntary web-based groups, and the process for using web cameras to conduct individual web-based interviews as a method of data…

Matthews, John; Cramer, Elizabeth P.

2008-01-01

467

Enhancing Undergraduate Teaching and Research with a "Drosophila" Virginizing System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory exercises using "Drosophila" crosses are an effective pedagogical method to complement traditional lecture and textbook presentations of genetics. Undergraduate thesis research is another common setting for using "Drosophila." A significant barrier to using "Drosophila" for undergraduate teaching or research is the time and skill…

Venema, Dennis R.

2006-01-01

468

RESEARCH PAPER Enhancing Compassion: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

E-print Network

, and self-compassion. The amount of formal meditation practiced during CCT was associated with increased-compassion Á Meditation Á Training 1 Introduction Most psychosocial intervention research has focused Happiness Stud DOI 10.1007/s10902-012-9373-z #12;and Evers 2011). Recent research has been suggesting

Gross, James J.

469

Research and teaching cultures in two contrasting UK policy contexts: Academic life in Education Departments in five English and Scottish universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper explores academic staff and departmental research and teaching cultures in the Education Departments of five universities\\u000a in Scotland and England, countries with increasingly diverging public policies in respect of education. The relationship between\\u000a research and teaching, how the purposes of universities are defined and the status of research in Education are current UK\\u000a higher education policy preoccupations. Data

Rosemary Deem; Lisa Lucas

2007-01-01

470

Enhancing the quality of case studies in health services research.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance on improving the quality of case studies in health services research. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data, drawing from previous case study research. RESEARCH DESIGN: Guidance is provided to two audiences: potential case study investigators (eight items) and reviewers of case study proposals (four additional items). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The guidance demonstrates that many operational steps can be undertaken to improve the quality of case studies. These steps have been a hallmark of high-quality case studies in related fields but have not necessarily been practiced in health services research. CONCLUSIONS: Given higher-quality case studies, the case study method can become a valuable tool for health services research. Images Figure 3 PMID:10591280

Yin, R K

1999-01-01

471

Academic Excellence: The Role of Research in the Physical Sciences at Undergraduate Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapters of this collection show that students benefit from a research-based teaching environment, and that students who have the opportunity for research complete their science programs in greater numbers than those who do not. The chapters of section 1, "Achieving Excellence," are: (1) "The Role of Research at Undergraduate Institution: Why Is…

Doyle, Michael P., Ed.

472

Welcome to Our World: Bridging Youth Development Research in Nonprofit and Academic Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary discusses the emergence of youth development research and evaluation in the nonprofit arena over the past 10 to 15 years. Included in this discussion is the establishment of the context for youth development research in nonprofits, a brief description of key examples of research from three youth nonprofits that illustrate the…

Bialeschki, M. Deborah; Conn, Michael

2011-01-01

473

Discourse features of the student-produced academic research paper: variations across disciplinary courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). Text, role and context. Cambridge: Cambridge

Betty Samraj

2004-01-01

474

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

475

Giving Voice to the Academe: Rich Food for Thought in the Quest for Quality Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports and analyses findings from a qualitative study that explored the impact of organizational policy, cultures and support structures on the research pathways of early career researchers within one Australian university. The author captured the perspectives and experiences of six early and six senior researchers and examined the…

Wingrove, Dallas

2012-01-01

476

Impact of Undergraduate Research on Academic Performance, Educational Planning, and Career Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An undergraduate research mentoring program (URMP), initiated at Texas A&M University-Kingsville, was developed (1) to aid undergraduate wildlife students in the design, conduct, and analysis of original research projects; and (2) to encourage students to become effective written and oral communicators by preparing a manuscript of their research…

Kinkel, Doreen H.; Henke, Scott E.

2006-01-01

477

The Influence of Research on Career Development at Academic Colleges of Education in Israel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed and surveyed Israeli teacher educators regarding links between research and career development. Young and ambitious respondents used research for extrinsic rewards and career advancement. Teacher educators toward the end of their careers looked for intrinsic rewards and viewed research as contributing to professional growth.…

Katz, Eva; Coleman, Marianne

2002-01-01

478

Intensification of University-Industry Relationships and Its Impact on Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the intensification of university-industry relationships and its impact on university research. The paper consists of recent follow-up research to an international comparative research project conducted in the 1990s. It deals specifically with the Quebec (Canada) situation. Twenty-eight in-depth interviews were conducted in the…

Crespo, Manuel; Dridi, Houssine

2007-01-01

479

Empirical research Enhancing vigilance in operators with prefrontal cortex transcranial direct current  

E-print Network

2012 Available online xxxx Keywords: Noninvasive brain stimulation Transcranial direct current prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) at one of two different time points duringEmpirical research Enhancing vigilance in operators with prefrontal cortex transcranial direct

Parasuraman, Raja

480

Strategic Implementation Plan for Enhancement of Research, Scholarship and Creative Activity  

E-print Network

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Walter Harris College of Education and Human Dev. Douglas Ruthven Chemical and Biological Engineering ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Jan Kristo College of Education and Human Dev. David Townsend* Schoo Research that Enhance Maine's Creative Economy, Social Environment, Culture and Quality of Life

Thomas, Andrew

481

Adventures in Semantic Publishing: Exemplar Semantic Enhancements of a Research Article  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology, particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic enhancements we have

David Shotton; Katie Portwin; Graham Klyne; Alistair Miles

2009-01-01

482

Data management to enhance long-term watershed research capacity  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Water resources are under growing pressure globally, and in the face of projected climate change, uncertainty about precipitation frequency and intensity; evapotranspiration, runoff, and snowmelt poses severe societal challenges. Interdisciplinary environmental research across natural and social sc...

483

Enhancing Oncologist Participation in Research. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

The key to developing a research program is making research one of the foundations of the culture of a clinical practice. Success depends on selecting trials that are relevant to the practice and executable with the available staff, resources, and patient population. Single modality treatment (i.e. chemotherapy only) protocols are a good starting place. Seriously analyze potential partners for compatible vision and goals.

484

Introduction: new tools for enhancing collaborative endometriosis research.  

PubMed

This issue of Fertility and Sterility contains four articles by the World Endometriosis Research Foundation whose present objective is global standardization of the collection of phenotypic data and biological samples, designated as the Endometriosis Phenome and Biobanking Harmonisation Project. The aim is to facilitate large-scale international, multicenter trials that are robust, and will result in biomarker and treatment targets to advance research in endometriosis. PMID:25154678

Casper, Robert F

2014-11-01

485

Usefulness of updated valve academic research consortium-2 criteria for acute kidney injury following transcatheter aortic valve implantation.  

PubMed

Acute kidney injury (AKI) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is frequent and associated with adverse outcomes. We aimed to identify the incidence and risk factors for AKI after TAVI using the updated Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 classification criteria. We performed a retrospective analysis of 300 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI using either Edwards SAPIEN XT or CoreValve bioprostheses at our medical center. Change in serum creatinine from base line to 48 to 72 hours after TAVI was used to define AKI stages 1 to 3. The final study cohort included 251 patients. Overall incidence of AKI was 16.7% (42 of 251); of which, stage 1 AKI was 15.1% (38 of 251), stage 2 AKI was 1.6% (4 of 251), and none had stage 3 AKI or required hemodialysis. All-cause mortality at 30 days and 1 year was greater among patients with AKI (9.5% vs 1%, p <0.01% and 25.7% vs 12.3%, p = 0.041, respectively). Despite greater volume of contrast media used in Edwards SAPIEN versus CoreValve (162 ml vs 142 ml, p = 0.02), there was no difference in the incidence of AKI between the 2 valve types (23.7% vs 15.5%, p = 0.238) or when comparing larger (29 to 31 mm) versus smaller size valves (23 to 26 mm; 17.7% vs 16.1%, p = 0.745). AKI was associated with chronic kidney disease, history of peripheral vascular disease, blood transfusion, and higher EuroSCORE (p <0.05 for all). In conclusion, according to the new Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 classification, 1 in every 6 patients in our cohort developed AKI after TAVI (most were stage 1 AKI). AKI was associated with increased mortality. No difference in AKI incidence was observed between different types and sizes of bioprostheses used. PMID:24012024

Konigstein, Maayan; Ben-Assa, Eyal; Abramowitz, Yigal; Steinvil, Arie; Leshem Rubinow, Eran; Havakuk, Ofer; Arbel, Yaron; Halkin, Amir; Keren, Gad; Banai, Shmuel; Finkelstein, Ariel

2013-12-01

486

What's the Value of an Academic Library? The Development of the ACRL Value of Academic Libraries Comprehensive Research Review and Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the process undertaken in the US during 2009/10 in developing a major report on the value of academic libraries. A summary of the key findings and recommendations from the report are also provided. While very much focused on the US situation, the author feels the findings may well have resonance elsewhere,…

Oakleaf, Megan

2011-01-01

487

Air Force academic medicine: a climate survey.  

PubMed

Air Force (AF) Medical Service leadership considers education, training, and research as key priorities. However, AF academic physicians' perceptions about the academic environment and challenges to success are not well described. AF faculty physicians were surveyed in autumn 2009. One hundred seventy-two responded and rated the academic environment as needing improvement (median Likert-like score 2 [interquartile range 1] on 1-5 scale). The impact of stepping away from an academically oriented career path for other executive positions was rated negatively (median Likert-like score 2, interquartile range 1). Concerns included loss of clinical skills, career disruption, and the challenge of returning to and/or competing for positions within the academic pathway. New policies limiting deployment of Program Directors and/or key teaching faculty were viewed favorably. Most physicians (59%) completing this survey expressed concerns about the AF academic environment and identified numerous challenges. Information from this survey can guide future initiatives to enhance leadership's goals. PMID:22338353

Jones, Woodson S; Yun, Heather C

2011-12-01

488

Incorporating the Notion of Recontextualisation in Academic Literacies Research: The Case of a South African Vocational Web Design and Development Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a small scale ethnographically oriented research study seeking to contribute to understanding student academic literacy practices in a South African vocational, web design and development course. In this course digital multimodal assessments are the main means whereby students demonstrate their learning. The findings of the…

Coleman, Lynn

2012-01-01

489

The Impact of Shadow Education on Student Academic Achievement: Why the Research Is Inconclusive and What Can Be Done about It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent decades have brought global expansion of private supplementary tutoring, widely known as shadow education. Such tutoring consumes considerable resources and is usually viewed by participating households as an investment that will increase the recipients' academic achievements. However, research on the effectiveness of tutoring has…

Bray, Mark

2014-01-01

490

The Design of the Ideas and the Principles of Performance Appraisal System in Research-oriented Universities: Focus on Academic Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is the set policy of the state government to give priority to the development of education and higher education institutions have played and will continues to play a significant role in the transition from a country with a massive population to the human resources superpower. Academic staffs in research-oriented universities are the key to the core competitiveness of a

Xu Guang-yu; Zhou Ning; Liu Qing-jie

2010-01-01

491

The Impact of Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Organizational Climate on the Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Research-Intensive Universities in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on academics in research-intensive universities in the UK and explores their perceptions of organizational climate, role conflict, role ambiguity and job satisfaction. The findings suggest that the universities have multiple organizational climates. Three organizational climate types -- the Clan, the Hierarchy and the Adhocracy…

Schulz, John

2013-01-01

492

The Administrator as Superhero: A Commentary on Balkin and Mello's "Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a way to achieve better alignment of the ongoing teaching-research activity gap in business schools, David Balkin and Jeff Mello suggest that schools need to hire academic administrators with significantly developed management skills. The author responds to this recommendation with two concerns. First, many of the causes of the…

Lewicki, Roy J.

2012-01-01

493

The development of a laser safety program for a large academic research institution using Texas A&M University as a model  

E-print Network

This thesis presents a model for developing a laser safety program for a large academic research institution. It is based on the standards and requirements of the 1993 American National Standards Institute document Z136.1, The Safe Use of Lasers...

Johnson, Douglas Allen

1995-01-01

494

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.3120/0024-9637-59.1.29 URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.3120/0024-9637-59.1.29 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofitOne provides a sustainable online platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies

Aspbury, Andrea S. - Department of Biology, Texas State University

495

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to  

E-print Network

authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders.2987/13-6373.1 URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.2987/13-6373.1 BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online a sustainable online platform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations

MacDonald, Lee

496

The Downside of Relying on Research Outputs to Assess Business Faculty Performance: Comments from Down Under regarding "Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary presents an Australian perspective on Balkin and Mello's "Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator." It addresses one particularly important aspect of the separation of teaching and research in business schools; namely, the increasing dominance of discipline-based…

Chapman, Ross L.

2012-01-01

497

Mentoring through predoctoral fellowships to enhance research productivity.  

PubMed

This article reports a study of the mentoring relationships that developed during predoctoral fellowships awarded to five nursing students who worked with faculty mentors at the University of Kansas, School of Nursing. Data were gathered through interviews and a written questionnaire from each of eight study participants (four of the five pairs). The analysis of interview and questionnaire data supported the existence of a mentoring relationship according to Yoder's (1990) model of mentoring, with the addition of two variables, socialization as a researcher and mutual sharing, that are unique to doctoral education. Themes that represented the experience of the mentor-protégé pairs were identified: (1) productivity, (2) work organization, (3) mutual learning, (4) problems encountered, (5) beneficial research application skills, and (6) innovative communication. All participants were enthusiastic about the experience, and students indicated increased confidence in application of the research process. PMID:7593970

Olson, R K; Connelly, L M

1995-01-01

498

Photosynthesis Research 61: 193196, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-print Network

(Cotton and Van Duyne 1981). Therese also published the first surface- enhanced Raman scattering (SERS was considered one of the leading experts on chlorophyll spectroscopy and chemistry. After earning her Ph this time she further de- veloped her skills in spectroscopic methods, particu- larly in resonance Raman

Govindjee "Gov"

499

Outlining Purposes, Stating the Nature of the Present Research, and Listing Research Questions or Hypotheses in Academic Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Driving research questions from the prevailing issues and interests and developing from them new theories, formulas, algorithms, methods, and designs, and linking them to the interests of the larger audience is a vital component of scientific research papers. The present article discusses outlining purposes or stating the nature of the present…

Shehzad, Wasima

2011-01-01

500

Enhancing Student Learning with Brain-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses brain-based learning and its relation to classroom instruction. A rapidly growing quantity of research currently exists regarding how the brain perceives, processes, and ultimately learns new information. In order to maximize their teaching efficacy, educators should have a basic understanding of key memory functions in the…

Bonnema, Ted R.

2009-01-01