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1

The Academic Researcher Role: Enhancing Expectations and Improved Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article distinguishes between six tasks related to the academic researcher role: (1) networking; (2) collaboration; (3) managing research; (4) doing research; (5) publishing research; and (6) evaluation of research. Data drawn from surveys of academic staff, conducted in Norwegian universities over three decades, provide evidence that the…

Kyvik, Svein

2013-01-01

2

Enhancing Quality Learning through Experiences of Research-Based Learning: Implications for Academic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research into undergraduate research and inquiry in Australian universities was conducted during an Australian Learning and Teaching Council National Teaching Fellowship. In this paper we share experiences of this project as a student and an academic, reflecting on key challenges, including undergraduate research as an immersion experience for…

Brew, Angela; Jewell, Evan

2012-01-01

3

Enhancing quality learning through experiences of research-based learning: implications for academic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into undergraduate research and inquiry in Australian universities was conducted during an Australian Learning and Teaching Council National Teaching Fellowship. In this paper we share experiences of this project as a student and an academic, reflecting on key challenges, including undergraduate research as an immersion experience for students; negotiating changing staff–student relationships; funding implications; and institutional challenges. We argue

Angela Brew; Evan Jewell

2011-01-01

4

Enhancing quality learning through experiences of research-based learning: implications for academic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into undergraduate research and inquiry in Australian universities was conducted during an Australian Learning and Teaching Council National Teaching Fellowship. In this paper we share experiences of this project as a student and an academic, reflecting on key challenges, including undergraduate research as an immersion experience for students; negotiating changing staff–student relationships; funding implications; and institutional challenges. We argue

Angela Brew; Evan Jewell

2012-01-01

5

Academic Researchers Speak  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Non-tenure-track (NTT) research faculty are perhaps the most under-recognized group of academic professionals on the campuses today, despite their increasingly important role within the expanding academic research enterprise. The American Association for the Advancement of Science reports that the amount of federal spending on R&D has more than…

Bergom, Inger; Waltman, Jean; August, Louise; Hollenshead, Carol

2010-01-01

6

Using blogging to enhance the initiation of students into academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the net-generation students learning in a Web 2.0 world, research is often equated with Googling and approached with a mindset accustomed to cut-and-paste practices. Recognizing educators’ concern over such students’ learning dispositions on the one hand, and the educational affordances of blogging on the other, this study examines the use of blogging to initiate students into academic research at

Eddy K. M. Chong

2010-01-01

7

Academic Listening: Research Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A collection of essays address a variety of issues in listening in the academic context, particularly in a foreign or second language. Articles include: "Research of Relevance to Second Language Lecture Comprehension--An Overview" (John Flowerdew); "Expectation-Driven Understanding in Information Systems Lecture Comprehension" (Steve Tauroza,…

Flowerdew, John, Ed.

8

Academic Research Engine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last week, Student Advantage announced its new academic research engine, developed in partnership with Northern Light (see the September 19, 1997 Scout Report). Students can keyword search 25 different subjects either individually or simultaneously. Some features adopted from Northern Light's search engine make Student Advantage likely to reduce, at least, the ratio of student frustration to success when attempting to do Internet research. First, results of an initial search include a sidebar that organizes returns in subject folders allowing users to focus only on those that seem most promising. Second, the "drill and search" feature allows students to then refine their searches within these subject folders. This two-step process mitigates the centrifugal Internet experience most student-researchers encounter. The site also features a listing of online reference sources and a free download of Q-Notes, software for electronic note-taking (for PCs only). (Caveat: Many of the book-length texts listed in results are merely links to Amazon.com, and some of the articles listed are held in Northern Light's fee-based Special Collection.)

9

Industry-academic research partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research partnerships between industry and academia are grown through relationships, a desire for innovation, and opportunities for sponsorship. Relationships mature through the mobility (virtual or otherwise) of academics, graduates, and seasoned industry professionals. From an industry perspective, innovation is driven by a need to grow product portfolios, market share and rejuvenate the corporate talent pool. Academics may be more motivated

Steven Fraser; Judith Bishop; Rajarshi Gupta; Dennis Mancl; J. Christopher Ramming; Salvador Rivas

2011-01-01

10

Using Blogging to Enhance the Initiation of Students into Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the net-generation students learning in a Web 2.0 world, research is often equated with Googling and approached with a mindset accustomed to cut-and-paste practices. Recognizing educators' concern over such students' learning dispositions on the one hand, and the educational affordances of blogging on the other, this study examines the use of…

Chong, Eddy K. M.

2010-01-01

11

Using Blogging to Enhance the Initiation of Students into Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the net-generation students learning in a Web 2.0 world, research is often equated with Googling and approached with a mindset accustomed to cut-and-paste practices. Recognizing educators' concern over such students' learning dispositions on the one hand, and the educational affordances of blogging on the other, this study examines the use of…

Chong, Eddy K. M.

2010-01-01

12

PostMaster's Residency Programs: Enhancing the Development of New Professionals and Minority Recruitment in Academic and Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two of the greatest human resource concerns in academic and research libraries are the preparation of new library professionals and the recruit- ment of underrepresented minorities. The lack of practical experience and the changing competencies required of new graduates are discussed frequently at professional meetings and in the library literature. Diversity initiatives on college and university campuses and within the

Julie Brewer

13

Academic Research Instruments: Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994  

NSF Publications Database

... 1993, Needs 1994 Hypertext Format Academic Research Instruments:Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994 ... Academic Research Instruments:Expenditures 1993, Needs 1994 This page was last updated on April ...

14

The School Engagement Project: Academic Engagement Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Academic Engagement Enhancement (AEE) model provides a framework for improving skills of older students who struggle with the acquisition and development of reading. This model was developed as part of a broader intervention program aimed at promoting academic and social competence of youth who were at risk of school failure. The strategies…

Gut, Dianne M.; Farmer, Thomas W.; Bishop-Goforth, Jennifer; Hives, Jacqueline; Aaron, Annie; Jackson, Frances

2004-01-01

15

Understanding Chinese TEFL Academics' Capacity for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to benchmark Chinese TEFL academics' research productivities to identify and address research productivity issues. Using a literature-based survey, this study examined 182 Chinese TEFL academics' research output, perceptions about research, personal dispositions for conducting research and workplace context for conducting research

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter

2011-01-01

16

Building research capacity: Changing roles of universities and academics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nation's overall capacity depends considerably on its research. Universities, as centres of knowledge production and generation, play a critical role in the national research. This paper provides a discussion of universities' roles in building national research capacity, government quality assurance initiatives to enhance university research, institutional measures to build research capacity, and the impact of these expectations on academics.

Bai Li; Jan Millwater; Peter Hudson

17

Academic research and government policy on terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1968 international terrorism has grown considerably, despite governments’ effort to curb it. Part of this failure is attributable to the inadequate contribution of academic research to government policy making on terrorism. The paper identifies three problem areas that hinder academic influence on government policy making in this field. These are: (1) Terrorism is a difficult subject for research because

Ariel Merari

1991-01-01

18

Academic content, research productivity, and tenure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the influence of a Finance doctoral program’s academic content on the research productivity of the graduates\\u000a at the time of the tenure decision. The results of this investigation show that a Finance program’s academic content has no\\u000a influence on the total number of publications of program graduates, but finds a significant relationship between academic\\u000a content and graduate’s

Jorge Brusa; Michael Carter; George E. Heilman

2010-01-01

19

Academic Research: Corporate Support Has Its Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Twentieth Century Fund task force indicates that industry funding of academic research is not harmful to academic values if guidelines are followed. Some of the recommendations made by the task force are listed. One recommendation is that title to patents resulting from joint projects should be held by the university. (JN)|

Chemical and Engineering News, 1984

1984-01-01

20

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1998 Portable Document ...

21

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997  

NSF Publications Database

Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997 Detailed Statistical Tables ... Hypertext Format Academic Research and Development Expenditures: Fiscal Year 1997 Portable Document ...

22

Research for Practice: Publishing Academic Research for Managerial Readers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because Information Systems is an applied field, IS research should contribute to practice. Most academic journals require that authors describe what their research findings imply for managers in the field. But academic journals do not require presentation of the findings or their implications in a manner that readily leads to their dissemination within the practitioner community. In this tutorial we

Jeanne W. Ross; Cynthia M. Beath; Carol V. Brown; Allen S. Lee; Robert W. Zmud

2005-01-01

23

Commodification and contradiction in academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growing interest in participatory research forms and collaboration around community action, and social justice-oriented public service, academics in the U.S. are caught in a dilemma. While U.S. academics increasingly desire to work in community and participatory work, they face contradictions in the form of institution of higher education reward systems, merit pay structures, and promotions and tenure requirements

Yvonna S. Lincoln

1998-01-01

24

Academic Libraries and the Research Quality Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Federal Government is introducing a new funding model for research in Australian higher education institutions, the Research Quality Framework (RQF). This paper provides an overview of the RQF and looks at possible impacts of the RQF on academic libraries in Australia. These impacts are drawn from experience at one Australian university,…

Haddow, Gaby

2007-01-01

25

Value efficiency analysis of academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Wepropose,a systematic ,approach ,to analyzing academic ,research performance ,at universities and research institutes. The analysis of research,performance,is based on a set of (abstract) criteria which are relevantfrom,the decision maker’s point of view. The scales for these criteria are defined by means of concrete indicators. All indicators are, however, not necessarily quantitative. Qualitative information is quantified using appropriate analytical tools.

Pekka J. Korhonen; Risto Tainio; Jyrki Wallenius

2001-01-01

26

Human Resource Executives' Perceptions of Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resource (HR) executives were surveyed with regard to their perceptions of academic HR research information. In general, the results suggest that HR practitioners' attitudes related to relevance, skepticism, and accessibility are not as negative as was commonly assumed. Still, some specific areas of practitioner concern were identified in the study. The executives' attitudes were also found to be significantly

David E. Terpstra; Elizabeth J. Rozell

1998-01-01

27

Research Instruction in Connecticut's Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey on bibliographic instruction was sent to all 63 academic libraries in Connecticut in the winter of 1985-86. Librarians were asked if they offered library research as a separate course, a required unit in a broader course, or integrated with instruction at the invitation of the professor. Questions were included on faculty workshops,…

Natale, Barbara

28

Academic Library Services Support for Research Information Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the use of a university library academic service to assist in research information seeking, and the role and value of the academic services in support of research from the viewpoints of both academic users and librarians. Ten Ph.D. students completed questionnaires followed by face-to-face discussions and four academic

Du, Jia Tina; Evans, Nina

2011-01-01

29

Summary of Research 2000. Interdisciplinary Academic Groups  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Interdisciplinary Academic Groups: Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence; Information Systems; Information Warfare; Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation; Space Systems; Special Operations; and Undersea Warfare. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports. Thesis abstracts of students advised of an interdisciplinary nature are also included.

2000-01-01

30

Disseminating academic research information to marketing practitioners : The receiver's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – It is well known that the results of academic marketing research are not widely used by practitioners. This is attributed to a range of factors including language barriers and poor communication between the academic and practitioner communities. In spite of this, there exists little research within marketing that has focused on how potential users of academic research such

Brendan J. Gray; Geir Grundvĺg Ottesen; Sheelagh Matear

2005-01-01

31

Academic Research Productivity: Reply, Still Further Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In reply to the above article by Golden and Carstensen, extends earlier research on faculty research productivity. Findings indicate that research performance is enhanced by department size (at a diminishing rate), private organization, grant support, a larger pool of graduate students, and a quality research library. (MLF)

Meador, Mark; And Others

1992-01-01

32

Differentiating Biology Homework to Enhance Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study is to determine if differentiating homework for biology will motivate students to complete and turn in homework, address the needs of diverse learners, and improve academic achievement. The rationale assumes there is a positive relationship between homework completion and academic achievement and that students have different learning styles that can be addressed by allowing choice

Genevieve Finch Bertsos

2005-01-01

33

Enhancing Academic Library Performance Through Positive Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive psychology is an important new trend in the field of psychology that may have significant implications for academic libraries. Like the field of psychology, academic librarianship has traditionally focused a substantial amount of attention on problems within the field and on how to solve them. Positive psychology offers a viable alternative by focusing on the strengths and potential of

Brian Quinn

2005-01-01

34

Student Voice as a Methodological Issue in Academic Literacies Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic literacies research has been identified as an emerging but significant field in higher education. This article extends the discussions around methodology in academic literacies research by drawing on the current text and context debates in sociolinguistics and linguistic ethnography. It uses illustrations from a recent academic

Paxton, Moragh

2012-01-01

35

Enhancing Academic Achievement through Direct Instruction of Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the impact of the explicit teaching of social skills to enhance academic achievement. The targeted population comprised kindergarten and second grade students in a middle-class community located in central Illinois. The problem of inappropriate behaviors and difficulties interacting with peers and how this may affect academic

Bendt, Lori; Nunan, Jan

36

Fair Use Challenges in Academic and Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic and research libraries are key players in the generation and propagation of knowledge in the U.S., and their interpretation of the balancing features of copyright is critical to the quality of research, teaching, and learning they support. Approaches and methods for research, teaching, and learning are changing rapidly with opportunities presented by digitization and Internet communication. Academic and research

Peter Jaszi

2010-01-01

37

Interactions Between the Academic Business Library and Research Data Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of numeric data has historical significance in the research of many academic disciplines, but today it is burgeoning. Responses from academic business librarians to a 33-item questionnaire are the basis for this study that investigates the interactions between academic business libraries and other local units supplying numeric data…

Bennett, Terrence B.; Nicholson, Shawn W.

2004-01-01

38

An Academic Formulas List: New Methods in Phraseology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research creates an empirically derived, pedagogically useful list of formulaic sequences for academic speech and writing, comparable with the Academic Word List (Coxhead 2000), called the Academic Formulas List (AFL). The AFL includes formulaic sequences identified as (i) frequent recurrent patterns in corpora of written and spoken…

Simpson-Vlach, Rita; Ellis, Nick C.

2010-01-01

39

Academic Technology Transfer: Tracking, Measuring and Enhancing Its Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the 1980 passage of the US Bayh-Dole Act, academic technology transfer has gained profile globally as a key component of knowledge-driven economic development. Research universities are seen as key contributors. In this article, focusing on the USA and drawing on over twenty years of experience in the field of academic technology transfer…

Fraser, John

2010-01-01

40

Technology Effect: The Promise of Enhanced Academic Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to examine the literature in regard to technology and its effect on learner academic achievement. It explores early assumptions and current academic practices, examines several seminal studies on technology effect, and looks at possible future directions for technology and learning research. The paper offers the…

Rampp, Lary C.; Guffey, J. Stephen

41

Does Excellence in Academic Research Attract Foreign R&D?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the role of host countries’ academic research strengths in global R&D location decisions by multinational firms. While we expect that a firm’s propensity to perform R&D in a host country increases with the strength of local academic research, firms are expected to be heterogeneously positioned to benefit from academic research strengths due to differences in the capacity to

Rene Belderbos; Bart Leten; Shinya Suzuki

2009-01-01

42

The Cost Function and Scale Economies in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This empirical research examined scale economies of academic research libraries and developed a total cost function for estimating economies of scale. Suggests that libraries in general, and academic research libraries in particular, are information provision organizations that provide multiproducts and multiservices. Findings indicate that…

Liu, Lewis G.

2003-01-01

43

Government Subsidized Academic Research: Economic and Ethical Conflicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Justification for public funding of academic research is based on the linear model of technological advance first proposed by Francis Bacon. The model hypothesizes that government subsidized science generates new technology which creates new wealth. Mainstream economics supports Bacon’s model by arguing that academic research is a “public good.” The Bayh–Dole Act allows universities to privatize federally funded research and

Michael Devaney

2004-01-01

44

Learning in Academia Is More than Academic Learning: Action Research in Academic Practice for and with Medical Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic learning traditionally involves research, and the production of journal papers, books, etc. "Learning in academia" refers to academics becoming more skilful in what they do. It is what legal or medical clinicians would refer to as continuing professional education (or development) (CPE/D) which, by analogy, invokes the notion of CPE in…

Trevitt, Chris

2008-01-01

45

A Creative Approach to the Research Paper: Combining Creative Writing with Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a combination of a research essay and a creative writing assignment that encourages rigorous academic research while allowing students to get "outside the box" of traditional academic research papers. This assignment has five steps. The first two steps offer the chance to introduce academic research along with summary and…

Blue, Tim

2006-01-01

46

The Significance of Organizational Development in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more academic research libraries are applying organiza- tional development (OD) concepts in their organizations. The outcomes of focusing on and utilizing this management approach are described, including how OD has made significant differences in these libraries. To assess the current state of OD in academic research libraries, interviews were conducted in July-August 2003 with twelve individuals who have

Karen Holloway

2004-01-01

47

Annotated Bibliography of Recent Research Related to Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an annotated bibliography of recent research related to academic advising. It includes research papers that focus on advising and a special section of the "Journal of Career Development" that is devoted to multicultural graduate advising relationships.|

Mottarella, Karen, Comp.

2011-01-01

48

How Can We Simultaneously Enhance Both Academic Excellence and Diversity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it possible simultaneously to enhance the academic quality of the student body and to increase its diversity? Assessments of creative and practical skills were given to college freshmen at thirteen varied institutions to supplement the SAT. Prediction of freshman-year GPA roughly doubled, and ethnic-group differences were substantially…

Sternberg, Robert J.

2006-01-01

49

Enhance Student Advising and Academic and Life Supports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article, part of a yearlong series, focuses on the fifth recommendation in ACTE's postsecondary reform position statement which is to enhance student advising and academic and life supports. The availability of effective student supports can play a critical role in student enrollment, persistence and completion of postsecondary credentials.…

Kiker, Jason

2008-01-01

50

An Applied Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods in Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic advising research aids faculty members and advisors in detecting, explaining, and addressing macro-level trends beyond their local campus. It also helps legitimize the professional nature of academic advising, moving it beyond mere prescriptive models that focus on rules and course selection. Due to the erroneous belief that skills in…

Hurt, Robert L.; McLaughlin, Eric J.

2012-01-01

51

Researching academic identity: using discursive psychology as an approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current thinking on academic identities is heavily influenced by developments in other disciplines, notably sociology. This accords with Haggis’s (2007) challenge for educational researchers to engage with current theory and methods from across the social sciences. However, the traditional sister discipline to education, psychology, seems underrepresented in the academic identities literature. This article demonstrates the use of a form of

Neil McLean

2011-01-01

52

Researching academic identity: using discursive psychology as an approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current thinking on academic identities is heavily influenced by developments in other disciplines, notably sociology. This accords with Haggis’s (2007) challenge for educational researchers to engage with current theory and methods from across the social sciences. However, the traditional sister discipline to education, psychology, seems underrepresented in the academic identities literature. This article demonstrates the use of a form of

Neil McLean

2012-01-01

53

Examining the academic\\/commercial divide in marketing research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to comment on the differences in perceptions that exist between academic and professional marketing researchers, as creators of new marketing knowledge, and explore how academics and practitioners can work together better on areas of mutual interest or separately on areas where their interests do not coincide. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach is via

Paul R. Baines; Ross Brennan; Mark Gill; Roger Mortimore

2009-01-01

54

The Effective Academic: A Handbook for Enhanced Academic Practice. The Times Higher Education Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook provides guidance about controlling and directing an academic career by suggesting systematic approaches to key areas of responsibility and activity. It explores management and leadership in higher education, developing and promoting research and teaching, and coping with the changing university environment. The chapters of part 1,…

Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.; Fry, Heather, Ed.

55

Chinese TEFL Academics' Perceptions about Research: An Institutional Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China, as across the world. However, Chinese TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) academics' research capacity has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan

2011-01-01

56

Situated Mathematical Research: The Interaction of Academic and Non-Academic Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the relationship between research mathematics and the mathematics that arises in non-academic mathematical practices? I answer this question in terms of situated mathematical research, which comprises situated mathematical interpretations and situated mathematical applications. A situated mathematical interpretation of a practice takes…

Palmer, Miquel Alberti

2010-01-01

57

Herding the Academic Cats: The Challenges of "Managing" Academic Research in the Contemporary UK University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some aspects of and challenges faced by those academics and administrators who undertake the leadership and management of research activity in contemporary UK universities. This analysis is set in the context of almost three decades of reforms to the UK's higher education systems in general and to research funding and audit…

Deem, Rosemary

2010-01-01

58

The quantitative crunch : The impact of bibliometric research quality assessment exercises on academic development at small conferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Small and specialist inter-disciplinary conferences, particularly those relating to technology enhanced learning such as International Conference on Information and Communications Technology in Education, provide valuable opportunities for academics and academic-related\\/professional staff to report upon their research and development activities, including their insights into teaching practice. However, the existence of such conferences is now under threat due to a

Michael Henderson; Simon Shurville; Ken Fernstrom

2009-01-01

59

The Quantitative Crunch: The Impact of Bibliometric Research Quality Assessment Exercises on Academic Development at Small Conferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Small and specialist inter-disciplinary conferences, particularly those relating to technology enhanced learning such as International Conference on Information and Communications Technology in Education, provide valuable opportunities for academics and academic-related/professional staff to report upon their research and development…

Henderson, Michael; Shurville, Simon; Fernstrom, Ken

2009-01-01

60

A Division of Research in an Academic Clinical Department.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses in general the importance of a research division, whether basic or clinical, in an academic setting and factors to consider in establishing one. Uses John Hopkins' newly created research division for Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine to specifically address funding and intra- and interdepartmental clinical research programs.…

Traystman, Richard J.

1982-01-01

61

New Strategies of Control: Academic Freedom and Research Ethics Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article, detailing the implications of "ethics drift" for critical work in the academy, reports on an ethics challenge to a non-research-based scholarly text. It analyzes how General Research Ethics Boards (GREBs) can threaten academic freedom when they lack a clear definition of "human subject" research, fail to distinguish between…

Lewis, Magda

2008-01-01

62

New Strategies of Control: Academic Freedom and Research Ethics Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, detailing the implications of "ethics drift" for critical work in the academy, reports on an ethics challenge to a non-research-based scholarly text. It analyzes how General Research Ethics Boards (GREBs) can threaten academic freedom when they lack a clear definition of "human subject" research, fail to distinguish between empirical…

Lewis, Magda

2008-01-01

63

Negotiating the University Research Culture: Collaborative Voices of New Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper contributes to the wider discussion of the collaborative research process and the situation of new academics in the early stages of their research careers. It draws on our lived experience through several collaborative research projects and is descriptive and autobiographical in nature. As such, it provides an opportunity for our…

Tynan, Belinda R.; Garbett, Dawn L.

2007-01-01

64

Future-proofing: the academic library's role in e-research support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this case study is to describe a project created to enhance e-research support activities within an Australian university. Within the university sector, e-research support activities are becoming more sophisticated due to increased research activity and funding both nationally and internationally. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper case studies a project undertaken within an academic library to increase

Jennifer Thomas

2011-01-01

65

Academic-service partnerships, research, and the South African dental academic.  

PubMed

In South Africa, academic dentistry is managed through joint agreements between the South African Department of Health (DoH) and each university, in a type of academic-service partnership. For this study, dental faculty members were surveyed to ascertain staff attitudes towards academic research in dental schools and to find out whether the joint arrangement impinges upon research activities. A survey was distributed to 200 members of the South African division of the International Association for Dental Research (SA IADR) and the academic staff of the four South African dental schools. One hundred and five responses were obtained for a response rate of 53 percent; most of the respondents were lecturers (26 percent), specialists (17 percent), heads of department (17 percent), or senior lecturers (13 percent). The majority were employed by the DoH (77 percent) and were members of the SA IADR (51 percent). Most reported feeling that research is an important issue in their school (83 percent) and perceived general research output had declined (59 percent). While 79 percent said they were concerned about the decline, many (71 percent) felt there was little they could do about it. The respondents mentioned the following as reasons for the decline: lackluster approach of DoH structures, weak university support, poor research equipment and facilities, inadequate funding, emphasis on service delivery, undergraduate teaching loads, onerous working conditions, and lack of vision, leadership, and governance by senior management. Faculty members' twin obligations of service delivery (required by the DoH) and teaching (required by their institutions) have severely impacted South African academic dental research. PMID:22942419

Grossman, Elly S; Naidoo, Sudeshni

2012-09-01

66

Research Publication as a Strategy to Improve International Academic Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many universities in Asia are now focused on enhancing their global academic competitiveness. Various strategies are implemented to restructure, reform and transform universities aimed at improving ranking in the global university league. One significant strategy is to encourage academicians to place priority on publishing in high-impact…

Tie, Fatt Hee

2012-01-01

67

Research Publication as a Strategy to Improve International Academic Ranking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many universities in Asia are now focused on enhancing their global academic competitiveness. Various strategies are implemented to restructure, reform and transform universities aimed at improving ranking in the global university league. One significant strategy is to encourage academicians to place priority on publishing in high-impact…

Tie, Fatt Hee

2012-01-01

68

Integrating Research into LIS Field Experiences in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Field experiences function as a link between LIS theory and practice. Students should be provided with an experience that is a true reflection of the professional environment. The increasing focus on research by academic librarians provides an opportunity and responsibility to integrate research into the field experiences of LIS students.…

Berg, Selinda Adelle; Hoffmann, Kristin; Dawson, Diane

2009-01-01

69

Demystifying the IRB: Human Subjects Research in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many academic librarians are interested in pursuing research studies that involve students, faculty, and other library patrons; these projects must be approved by an institutional review board (IRB). This article reviews federal requirements and regulations for human subjects research and explains the IRB application process. The author discusses…

Smale, Maura A.

2010-01-01

70

Exploring Evolutionary Technical Trends from Academic Research Papers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic Term Recognition (ATR) is concerned with discovering terminology in large volumes of text corpora. Technical terms are vital elements for understanding the techniques used in academic research papers, and in this paper, we use focused technical terms to explore technical trends in the research literature. The major purpose of this work is to understand the relationship between techniques and

Teng-kai Fan; Chia-hui Chang

2008-01-01

71

Applying DEA Technique to Library Evaluation in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study applied an analytical technique called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to calculate the relative technical efficiency of 95 academic research libraries, all members of the Association of Research Libraries. DEA, with the proper model of library inputs and outputs, can reveal best practices in the peer groups, as well as the technical…

Shim, Wonsik

2003-01-01

72

Profiling Academic Research on Digital Games Using Text Mining Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic research on digital games has been conducted for over 30 years. However, the abundance of disciplines conducting research on the topic makes it challenging for the interested to get a holistic and comprehensive account of past digital game studies. Yet, sophisticated text mining tools designed for structured science information resources, such as the ISI Web of Science or INSPEC,

Johanna Bragge; Jan Storgĺrds

2007-01-01

73

Constructing a Roadmap for Future Universal Screening Research beyond Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The majority of the literature on universal screening in education is devoted to academic screeners. However, research clearly indicates that other aspects of student functioning are closely associated with outcomes inside and outside of school. As a result, there are gaps in the current literature that call for additional research extending…

Cook, Clayton R.; Volpe, Robert J.; Livanis, Andrew

2010-01-01

74

Demystifying the IRB: Human Subjects Research in Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many academic librarians are interested in pursuing research studies that involve students, faculty, and other library patrons; these projects must be approved by an institutional review board (IRB). This article reviews federal requirements and regulations for human subjects research and explains the IRB application process. The author discusses…

Smale, Maura A.

2010-01-01

75

Z factor: a new index for measuring academic research output  

Microsoft Academic Search

With rapid progress in scientific research activities and growing competition for funding resources, it becomes critical to effectively evaluate an individual researcher's annual academic performance, or their cumulative performance within the last 3–5 years. It is particularly important for young independent investigators, and is also useful for funding agencies when determining the productivity and quality of grant awardees. As the

Min Zhuo

2008-01-01

76

Scholarly communities, e-research literacy and the academic librarian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to explore the way in which the internet and e-research are changing the nature of scholarly communities and the relationship between researchers and libraries; and to suggest how librarians can become more engaged with the e-research process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey and focus groups investigating internet use by academic staff and research students at Curtin

Paul Genoni; Helen Merrick; Michele A. Willson

2006-01-01

77

Research, academic rank, and compensation of women and men faculty in academic general internal medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To evaluate the status of men and women faculty in academic general internal medicine, including their professional training,\\u000a faculty responsibilities, research performance, academic rank, and compensation, to determine whether systematic differences\\u000a exist by gender.\\u000a \\u000a Design\\/setting:The authors analyzed responses to a 55-part questionnaire sent to all full-time general internal medicine faculty at the major\\u000a teaching hospitals in the United States. Unadjusted

Phyllis Carr; Robert H. Friedman; Mark A. Moskowitz; Lewis E. Kazis; Harrison G. Weed

1992-01-01

78

Senior faculty renewal at research universities: Implications for academic policy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study outlines the current state of academic policy development at research universities in four critical areas: (a) the academic labor market, (b) the academic reward structure, (c) faculty seniority and retirement, and (d) institutional research and planning. The survey respondents were coordinators and directors of faculty development programs and selected academic affairs administrators representing major research universities across

Arthur L. Crawley

1995-01-01

79

Academic Factors that Affect Undergraduate Research Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Undergraduate research experiences are considered an essential component in college curricula, and there is an ideological push to provide these experiences to all students. However, it is not clear whether engagement in research is better suited for higher ability undergraduates late in their programs or for all undergraduates and whether…

Taraban, Roman; Logue, Erin

2012-01-01

80

Genesis of an Academic Research Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students progress towards their PhD degrees, they will become more independent and practitioner-like; for those moving into academia, it is often assumed the programs of their PhD mentors will serve as prototypes for their own successful research programs. However, the author's research program as an Assistant Professor led him in directions…

Bhattacharyya, Gautam

2008-01-01

81

Current research on terrorism: The academic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most definitions of terrorism, however divided on other points, agree that it is a form of political violence. Unfortunately, this rare unanimity has only infrequently served as a foundation for research on political terrorism, which is typically isolated from the broader field. There are advantages to be gained from integrating research on terrorism into the analysis of political violence. The

Martha Crenshaw

1992-01-01

82

Center Links Academic/Industry Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the establishment of a Center University of MassachusettsIndustry Research on Polymers (CUMIRP) at the University's Amherst campus. CUMIRP involves the university, a group of 13 corporations, and the National Science Foundation working together to forge closer research ties between unversities and industry. (Author/DS)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1980

1980-01-01

83

Expanding Research in Academic Advising: Methodological Strategies to Engage Advisors in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in academic advising has traditionally been conducted and disseminated by faculty researchers, graduate students, and higher education administrators (including advising directors). While significant in developing a body of literature to guide academic advising, the sources of the contribution also suggest that the frontline advisor does…

Aiken-Wisniewski, Sharon A.; Smith, Joshua S.; Troxel, Wendy G.

2010-01-01

84

Expanding Research in Academic Advising: Methodological Strategies to Engage Advisors in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research in academic advising has traditionally been conducted and disseminated by faculty researchers, graduate students, and higher education administrators (including advising directors). While significant in developing a body of literature to guide academic advising, the sources of the contribution also suggest that the frontline advisor does…

Aiken-Wisniewski, Sharon A.; Smith, Joshua S.; Troxel, Wendy G.

2010-01-01

85

Academic research on solid waste in Sweden 1994-2003.  

PubMed

A small desk survey was conducted in the spring of 2004 to get an overview on the development of waste research. The survey targeted the last 10 years of waste research at Swedish academic institutions trying to identify the total amount of research and trends over time with regard to issues, volume and distribution over academic disciplines. In the survey, only the theses written at major Swedish universities were considered. All post-graduate theses from major Swedish universities were reviewed. Data were obtained from the homepages and search engines of the various libraries as of May 13 2004. Altogether 90 theses were identified from nine universities, i.e., an average of 1 thesis per University per year. The results of the survey indicate that: (1) the academic waste research is very small in comparison to the R&D performed by the industry; there seems to be a lack of interaction between industry and academia; (2) waste research is slowly getting into established academic environments and gains in quantity and diversion over time; (3) in addition to being driven by environmental protection legislation, there also seems to be emerging more industry interest from a production perspective. PMID:16125379

Lagerkvist, Anders

2005-08-24

86

Academic Research and Regional Innovation. Insights from Seattle, Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses technology transfer at the University of Washington in the context of programs associated with appropriating the benefits of academic research and development for the regional economy. Concludes by suggesting lessons for regional planners and technology transfer managers. (Contains 26 notes and references.) (JOW)|

Collins, Steven W.

2001-01-01

87

Creating the Academic Commons: Guidelines for Learning, Teaching, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's library is still at the heart of all university activities, helping students and faculty become better learners, teachers, and researchers. In recent years there has emerged the formalizing of one or more of these activities into an Academic Commons. These centers of information have been labeled variously but they all share a…

Gould, Thomas H.P.

2011-01-01

88

The Acquisition of Monographis in Large Academic Scientific Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses current issues and problems in the process of acquiring scientific monographs in large academic scientific research libraries. The use and value of monographic material, the broad scope of the collections, the libraries' diverse clientele and the competing demands for resource dollars are described. Approval plans are discussed at length. Cooperative agreements results in faster access to materials

Maxine H. Reneker; Suzanne Fedunok

1983-01-01

89

Negotiating academicity: postgraduate research supervision as category boundary work  

Microsoft Academic Search

While doctoral education and postgraduate supervision might be heavily researched in the context of ‘effective supervision’, this is still an acutely under?theorised field. This article responds to the call for more explicit theorising of postgraduate supervision by exploring doctoral education as academic subjectification, and supervision as a process of ‘category boundary work’. It is argued that postgraduate supervision entails a

Eva Bendix Petersen

2007-01-01

90

Researching Academic Stress and Anxiety in Students: Some Methodological Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a long history of interest in North American and Western European literature, researchers in the UK are only now beginning to turn attention to the issue of academic stress in schoolchildren and how it may affect emotional well-being, health and performance on school assessments. Based on the author's experiences of designing an extensive…

Putwain, David

2007-01-01

91

Writing in the Ether: A Collaborative Approach to Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the developmental stages of academic publication collaborations through both research on the collaborative process itself, as well as through analysis of the discovery process. Using the qualitative software package, NUD*IST, the teleconferencing system, FirstClass, and standard e-mail, the study…

Winograd, David; Milton, Katherine

92

Educational Research: The Challenge of Using an Academic Discipline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: In 2010, I was invited to give the annual lecture that honors Lawrence Cremin, the historian of American education who became the seventh president of Teachers College, Columbia University. To pay tribute to the way in which Cremin used an academic discipline to bring rigor and depth to educational research, I described my own…

Hill, Clifford

2012-01-01

93

Evaluated entities and parameters of value in academic research articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expert writers of academic research articles (ARAs) establish an appropriate balance between topic-based discourse and interactive “human face” discourse by providing both linguistic and contextual clues to indicate to the reader the perspective from which their texts should be interpreted. Central to this type of interaction is “evaluation”—the judgement of good or bad. This study looks at the ways in

Puleng Thetela

1997-01-01

94

Research on Construction of Virtual Community in Academic Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the research of virtual community service positioning in academic libraries, this paper selected the interest community as main type in construction. In virtual community construction, the key question we must face is the qualitative determination and quantitative calculation of userspsila similarity relationship. The solution to this problem mainly includes two stages: the acquiring of userspsila interest vector and

Qingling Yue; Yi Jiang

2009-01-01

95

Academics' Motivation and Self?efficacy for Teaching and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study focused on academic staff in a post?1987 university, that is, a former college of advanced education which had been awarded university status as a result of the Australian Government's decision to have a Unified National System of universities. The focus of attention was motivation and self?efficacy for teaching and research. The effect of faculty of affiliation, level of

Jeffrey G. Bailey

1999-01-01

96

Researching Academic Identity: Using Discursive Psychology as an Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current thinking on academic identities is heavily influenced by developments in other disciplines, notably sociology. This accords with Haggis's (2007) challenge for educational researchers to engage with current theory and methods from across the social sciences. However, the traditional sister discipline to education, psychology, seems…

McLean, Neil

2012-01-01

97

Researching Academic Stress and Anxiety in Students: Some Methodological Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite a long history of interest in North American and Western European literature, researchers in the UK are only now beginning to turn attention to the issue of academic stress in schoolchildren and how it may affect emotional well-being, health and performance on school assessments. Based on the author's experiences of designing an extensive…

Putwain, David

2007-01-01

98

Academic Learning Time. Abstract I: Research & Resources on Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A federally funded research project investigated the relationship between academic learning time (ALT) and achievement of 43 educable mentally retarded, emotionally disturbed, and learning-disabled students, aged 7-13, in grades 1-5. The project's final report, titled "An Analysis of the Impact of Instructional Time within Different Service…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.

99

Academics Abroad: Conducting Scholarly Research in German Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems encountered in conducting research in German academic libraries. Highlights include a lack of trained librarians with subject expertise who focus on helping users; numerous library catalogs rather than one integrated catalog; and an emphasis on collection preservation that includes closed stacks and restricted circulation. (LRW)

Askey, Dale

2001-01-01

100

Segmenting academics: resource targeting of research grants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The allocation of research grants is a typical rationing problem in that demand exceeds supply, compounded by notions of fairness and legitimacy. Segmentation of fund seekers may offer the potential to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of delivery by targeting scarce resources more closely to need, thus sustaining legitimacy in the face of threats posed by scarcity and the political

Neil Viner; Rod Green; Philip Powell

2006-01-01

101

Research Findings on Causes of Academic Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research literature suggests that the decade of the '80s is producing a generation of professors coping with surprisingly high levels of job stress. Key reasons include inadequate participation in governance and institutional planning, work overload, low pay, poor working conditions, inadequate recognition, unrealized career expectations, and…

Seldin, Peter

1987-01-01

102

What is the Federal Role in Supporting Academic Research and Graduate Research Assistants?  

NSF Publications Database

What is the Federal Role in Supporting Academic Research and Graduate Research Assistants? (April ... R&D support across S&E fields, the nature and distribution of their graduate student support, and ...

103

Critical research needs for managing coral reef marine protected areas: perspectives of academics and managers.  

PubMed

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are a primary policy instrument for managing and protecting coral reefs. Successful MPAs ultimately depend on knowledge-based decision making, where scientific research is integrated into management actions. Fourteen coral reef MPA managers and sixteen academics from eleven research, state and federal government institutions each outlined at least five pertinent research needs for improving the management of MPAs situated in Australian coral reefs. From this list of 173 key questions, we asked members of each group to rank questions in order of urgency, redundancy and importance, which allowed us to explore the extent of perceptional mismatch and overlap among the two groups. Our results suggest the mismatch among MPA managers and academics is small, with no significant difference among the groups in terms of their respective research interests, or the type of questions they pose. However, managers prioritised spatial management and monitoring as research themes, whilst academics identified climate change, resilience, spatial management, fishing and connectivity as the most important topics. Ranking of the posed questions by the two groups was also similar, although managers were less confident about the achievability of the posed research questions and whether questions represented a knowledge gap. We conclude that improved collaboration and knowledge transfer among management and academic groups can be used to achieve similar objectives and enhance the knowledge-based management of MPAs. PMID:23220604

Cvitanovic, C; Wilson, S K; Fulton, C J; Almany, G R; Anderson, P; Babcock, R C; Ban, N C; Beeden, R J; Beger, M; Cinner, J; Dobbs, K; Evans, L S; Farnham, A; Friedman, K J; Gale, K; Gladstone, W; Grafton, Q; Graham, N A J; Gudge, S; Harrison, P L; Holmes, T H; Johnstone, N; Jones, G P; Jordan, A; Kendrick, A J; Klein, C J; Little, L R; Malcolm, H A; Morris, D; Possingham, H P; Prescott, J; Pressey, R L; Skilleter, G A; Simpson, C; Waples, K; Wilson, D; Williamson, D H

2012-12-07

104

A Summer Academic Research Experience for Disadvantaged Youth  

PubMed Central

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience (SARE) program that provides an enriching academic internship to underrepresented youth. Our program has shown that to have a successful internship for these disadvantaged youth, several issues need to be addressed in addition to scientific mentoring. We have found that it is necessary to remediate and/or fortify basic academic skills for students to be successful. In addition, students need to be actively coached in the development of professional skills, habits, and attitudes necessary for success in the workplace. With all these factors in place, these youths can become better students, compete on a more level playing field in their internships, and increase their potential of participating actively in the sciences in the future.

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N.

2013-01-01

105

Funding Policy and Strategies for Basic Research by Academic Division of The Thailand Research Fund  

Microsoft Academic Search

** ABSTRACT: The Academic Division of The Thailand Research Fund (TRF), is responsible for providing funds to support basic research in science and technology, and social science and humanities. Three categories of research are currently being supported: (1) Investigator-initiated research is the research proposed by an investigator, which may be on any topics, but must be novel in idea and

Vichai Boonsaeng; Prasert Sobhon

106

Balancing entrepreneurship and business practices for e-collaboration: responsible information sharing in academic research.  

PubMed

Flexible, highly accessible collaboration tools can inherently conflict with controls placed on information sharing by offices charged with privacy protection, compliance, and maintenance of the general business environment. Our implementation of a commercial enterprise wiki within the academic research environment addresses concerns of all involved through the development of a robust user training program, a suite of software customizations that enhance security elements, a robust auditing program, allowance for inter-institutional wiki collaboration, and wiki-specific governance. PMID:18998795

Porter, Mark W; Porter, Mark William; Milley, David; Oliveti, Kristyn; Ladd, Allen; O'Hara, Ryan J; Desai, Bimal R; White, Peter S

2008-11-06

107

Combining peer instruction and audience response systems to enhance academic performance, facilitate active learning and promote peer-assisted learning communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research shows that peer-assisted learning can enhance students' motivation, academic self-concept, academic performance and retention. Building on constructivist theory, this study investigates the use of audience response systems, or clickers, and peer instruction (PI) to engage students in class, to increase the students' engagement and sense of community, both in and out of the classroom, and to increase the

Gallayanee Yaoyuneyong; Amy Thornton

2011-01-01

108

Academic vocabulary in agriculture research articles: A corpus-based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent critical views on the usefulness of a general academic vocabulary have heightened the relevance of developing discipline specific academic wordlists to meet the needs of non-native English writers who must read and publish articles in English. Using Coxhead’s (2000) Academic Word List, we set out to identify the academic words in a corpus of research articles of agriculture. A

Iliana A. Martínez; Silvia C. Beck; Carolina B. Panza

2009-01-01

109

Strategies to Enhance Interpersonal Relations in Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between interpersonal skills is positively correlated with effective academic advising. Professional academic advisors feel significant pressure to meet a wide array of student needs, increase retention rates, help students in their efforts of academic achievement and career exploration, and support institutions to excel in…

Hughey, Judy K.

2011-01-01

110

Challenges and Strategies in Collaborative Working with Service User Researchers: Reflections from the Academic Researcher  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors consider the lessons to be drawn from a collaborative two- year research project involving academic researchers working alongside three service user research organisations. The joint working on the project involved designing a research tool and conducting interviews with users of services that were provided by health and social services partnerships. Questions arising from this project

Emma Miller; Helen Alexander; Gill Hubbard; Jill Morrison; Alison Petch

2006-01-01

111

Advancing the research mission in an academic department: the creation of a center for translational medicine.  

PubMed

Multidisciplinary research centers have multiplied in academic medical centers over the past decade and several recent reports have described their structure, strengths and limitations, and the difficulties that they may face. However, little attention has been paid to the role of a multidisciplinary center in the context of a single academic department. In 2003, the Department of Medicine at Jefferson Medical College launched the Center for Translational Medicine in order to facilitate multidisciplinary research, optimally utilize space and resources, enhance the educational experience for trainees, link basic investigation with clinical research programs, and develop a program of research excellence. Herein, we describe the structure of the Center and provide evidence of its success. The development of the Center has resulted in increased total funding, an increased number of students and residents pursuing translational research, a more effective utilization of space, the development of multidisciplinary research projects, and a significant increase in the number of individual and programmatic federally funded grants. Though the creation of the Center was not without challenges, the overall benefits for the department and the university have been substantial. The concept of a translational medicine center may be useful for many departments of academic medical centers. PMID:20718819

Feldman, Arthur M; Force, Thomas L; Whellan, David J; Bray, Paul F; Cheung, Joseph Y; Koch, Walter J

2010-08-01

112

Academics' perceptions of the purpose of undergraduate research experiences in a research-intensive degree  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion of research experiences as core components of undergraduate curricula implies that students will be exposed to and situated within the research activities of their university. Such experiences thus provide a new prism through which to view the relations between teaching, research and learning. The intentions and actions of academics supervising these activities will be strongly influenced by their

Anna Wilson; Susan Howitt; Kate Wilson; Pam Roberts

2012-01-01

113

Academics' perceptions of the purpose of undergraduate research experiences in a research-intensive degree  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion of research experiences as core components of undergraduate curricula implies that students will be exposed to and situated within the research activities of their university. Such experiences thus provide a new prism through which to view the relations between teaching, research and learning. The intentions and actions of academics supervising these activities will be strongly influenced by their

Anna Wilson; Susan Howitt; Kate Wilson; Pam Roberts

2011-01-01

114

Proceedings of First SWCR-KURRI Academic Seminar on Research Reactors and Related Research Topics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These are the proceedings of an academic seminar on research reactors and related research topics held at the Southwest Centre for Reactor Engineering Research and Design in Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China in September 24-26 in 1985. Included...

I. Kimura Z. Cong

1986-01-01

115

A summer academic research experience for disadvantaged youth.  

PubMed

Internships are an effective way of connecting high school students in a meaningful manner to the sciences. Disadvantaged minorities have fewer opportunities to participate in internships, and are underrepresented in both science, technology, engineering, and mathematics majors and careers. We have developed a Summer Academic Research Experience (SARE) program that provides an enriching academic internship to underrepresented youth. Our program has shown that to have a successful internship for these disadvantaged youth, several issues need to be addressed in addition to scientific mentoring. We have found that it is necessary to remediate and/or fortify basic academic skills for students to be successful. In addition, students need to be actively coached in the development of professional skills, habits, and attitudes necessary for success in the workplace. With all these factors in place, these youths can become better students, compete on a more level playing field in their internships, and increase their potential of participating actively in the sciences in the future. PMID:24006390

Kabacoff, Cathryn; Srivastava, Vasudha; Robinson, Douglas N

2013-01-01

116

The Council of Research and Academic Libraries: An Example of Interlibrary Cooperation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the history, organization, and activities of the Council of Research and Academic Libraries, a multitype library cooperative composed of academic, public and special libraries and located in San Antonio, Texas. The consortium's history...

M. E. Cain

1978-01-01

117

Dystrophies and Associated Crises in Research and Academic Publications in Nigerian Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated the dystrophies and associated crises in research and academic publications in Nigerian universities. A sample of 1,420 academic staff from the three categories of universities was made. The questionnaire titled \\

Ebele J. Egwunyenga

118

Enhancing Student Learning with Academic and Student Affairs Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the student affairs profession developed, expanded, and specialized over the last century, a disconnect occurred between student affairs professionals and academics. Despite that separation, the literature on student affairs in higher education supports the need for movement towards collaboration and integration of academic affairs and student…

Frost, Robert A.; Strom, Stephen L.; Downey, JoAnna; Schultz, Deanna D.; Holland, Teresa A.

2010-01-01

119

Seeking Alternative Researcher Identities in Newcomer Academic Institutions in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proliferating excellence gold standards in the global academic system tend to obscure the far-reaching diversification of academic missions, practices, ambitions and identities brought by massification. This article approaches this topic by a review of theory on academic scholarship and how it has changed in the wake of academic massification and…

Hallonsten, Olof

2012-01-01

120

Seeking Alternative Researcher Identities in Newcomer Academic Institutions in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proliferating excellence gold standards in the global academic system tend to obscure the far-reaching diversification of academic missions, practices, ambitions and identities brought by massification. This article approaches this topic by a review of theory on academic scholarship and how it has changed in the wake of academic massification and…

Hallonsten, Olof

2012-01-01

121

Increasing the Visibility of the Library within the Academic Research Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic libraries support their universities' goals of developing and maintaining successful research programs. As the information landscape and researcher practices change, recognition of the library's role in supporting research may be diminishing. This article will explore some aspects of the academic research enterprise and identify opportunities libraries can use to position themselves as key members of the research enterprise as

Annette M. Healy

2010-01-01

122

Advancing Pharmacist Scholarship and Research Within Academic Pharmacy  

PubMed Central

An appropriate balance between teaching, scholarship, and service is important for a faculty member to have a satisfying and successful career. The relative emphasis on each area normally changes during the course of a career. Although some level of scholarly output is an ongoing and fundamental expectation of all faculty members, this activity is too often given low priority, particularly among faculty members in practice areas who may have a minimal background in research and large demands on their time for teaching and clinical service. Addressing this issue requires establishing a shared commitment between administrators and faculty members, as well as identifying or developing education programs that will ensure research competence for practice faculty members. This paper provides insights into the role that scholarship and research should have for all pharmacy faculty members and provides suggestions for how to better advance this critical component within academic pharmacy.

Svensson, Craig K.

2012-01-01

123

NSF's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR): Subsidizing Academic Research or State Budgets?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This cross-state empirical study focuses on the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) and examines its impact on the academic research and development (R&D) expenditures financed by state governments. Based on a panel of 50 states during 1979-2006, the empirical results indicate that…

Wu, Yonghong

2009-01-01

124

Academic Users' Information Searching on Research Topics: Characteristics of Research Tasks and Search Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project investigated how academic users search for information on their real-life research tasks. This article presents the findings of the first of two studies. The study data were collected in the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia. Eleven PhD students' searching behaviors on personal research topics were observed as they interacted with information retrieval (IR) systems. The

Jia Tina Du; Nina Evans

2011-01-01

125

Academic Users' Information Searching on Research Topics: Characteristics of Research Tasks and Search Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project investigated how academic users search for information on their real-life research tasks. This article presents the findings of the first of two studies. The study data were collected in the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane, Australia. Eleven PhD students' searching behaviors on personal research topics were…

Du, Jia Tina; Evans, Nina

2011-01-01

126

Academic AI and Video games: a case study of incorporating innovative academic research into a video game prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial intelligence research and video games are a natural match, and academia is a fertile place to blend game production and academic research. Game development tools and processes are valuable for applied AI research projects, and university departments can create opportunities for student-led, team-based project work that draws on students' interest in video games. The Digital Media Collaboratory at the

Aliza Gold

127

Access to Business Research Resources Through Academic Library Websites: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an examination of access to business research resources through academic library websites, including research databases, catalog services, research guides, and business librarians. The websites of 114 academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States were studied. Results reveal a wide range of access to business research databases among the schools studied (anywhere from 11 to

John C. Gottfried

2010-01-01

128

The Future of the Academic Calling? Junior Researchers in the Entrepreneurial University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores what motivates junior researchers to engage in academic work and what questions are central for their academic identities. The context of the study is the entrepreneurial orientation of today's university, which according to many leaves little space for the academic calling. The main argument is that the identity work of the…

Hakala, Johanna

2009-01-01

129

The Future of the Academic Calling? Junior Researchers in the Entrepreneurial University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores what motivates junior researchers to engage in academic work and what questions are central for their academic identities. The context of the study is the entrepreneurial orientation of today's university, which according to many leaves little space for the academic calling. The main argument is that the identity work of the…

Hakala, Johanna

2009-01-01

130

Academic Engagement of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Existing Research, Issues, and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic engagement is a multidimensional construct that is gaining increasing attention in education as a means of promoting positive academic and social behavior outcomes for diverse learners across all levels of education. However, this review revealed that research on academic engagement of students with emotional and behavioral disorders…

Al-Hendawi, Maha

2012-01-01

131

Use of Academic Libraries by High School Students: Implications for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a comprehensive review of the literature concerning use of academic libraries by high school students. Three types of literature are identified: (1) descriptive articles delineating either the problems or benefits related to the use of academic libraries by high school students: (2) research studies examining particular aspects of high school students' use of academic libraries; and (3)

Kathleen W. Craver

1987-01-01

132

The Relationship between Academics' Conceptions of Knowledge, Research and Teaching--A Metaphor Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Universities are supposed to be institutes where research and teaching are closely related. To understand this relationship fully, it is necessary to learn how academics perceive these key components. Different conceptions among academics may stem from varying conceptions of knowledge. Thirty academics were interviewed by means of metaphors about…

Visser-Wijnveen, Gerda J.; Van Driel, Jan H.; Van Der Rijst, Roeland M.; Verloop, Nico; Visser, Anthonya

2009-01-01

133

Critical engagement, activist\\/academic subjectivities and organic agri-food research in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a reflexive account of engagement in activist\\/academic organic agri-food research in Uganda. I argue that critical engagement across the third space – between and across activist and academic subjectivities – enables a re-thinking of the subjectivities of activist\\/academics and research participants and the place of research in social change and theory building. I demonstrate some of the

Kristen Lyons

2012-01-01

134

Facilitating Adjustment to Higher Education: Towards Enhancing Academic Functioning in an Academic Development Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several studies have emphasised the importance of addressing social and emotional factors in facilitating adjustment to tertiary education. This article describes the Skills for Success in Science programme at the University of Cape Town. The broad aims were life skills development and improved adjustment which are assumed to underpin academic

Davidowitz, B.; Schreiber, B.

2008-01-01

135

Developing Recruitment Packages for Research Faculty in a Restructured Academic Medical System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of recruitment of research faculty for academic medical centers examines the financial aspects of recruiting in relation to the recruitment's purpose, the stature of the researcher, and the nature of his research. Cost-effective strategies for handling various aspects of recruiting in a restructured academic medical system are…

Lewis, James E.

1998-01-01

136

Money for Science? The Impact of Research Grants on Academic Output  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the impact of subsidies on the academic performance of researchers in Argentina. Academic performance is measured in terms of number of publications and in terms of impact factors in peer-reviewed journals. The performance of researchers with financially supported projects is compared with that of a control group of researchers who submitted projects accepted in terms of quality

Daniel Chudnovsky; Andrés López; Martín A. Rossi; Diego Ubfal

2008-01-01

137

ACRLs Hall of Fame: An Analysis of Academic\\/Research Librarian of the Year Award  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Association of College & Research Libraries’ (ACRL) Academic\\/Research Librarian of the Year awardees constitute a “hall of fame” for ACRL. This article reports research analyzing 30 years of awardees between 1978 and 2007. Studying the demographics and accomplishments of the awardees contributes to knowledge of how academic librarianship has evolved as a profession and how its values have shifted.

Michael J. Krasulski; Steven J. Bell

2010-01-01

138

ACRLs Hall of Fame: An Analysis of Academic\\/Research Librarian of the Year Award  

Microsoft Academic Search

: The Association of College & Research Libraries’ (ACRL) Academic\\/Research Librarian of the Year awardees constitute a “hall of fame” for ACRL. This article reports research analyzing 30 years of awardees between 1978 and 2007. Studying the demographics and accomplishments of the awardees contributes to knowledge of how academic librarianship has evolved as a profession and how its values have

Michael J. Krasulski; Steven J. Bell

2010-01-01

139

Academic-community collaboration, gender research, and development: pitfalls and possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaboration has become a watchword for development practitioners and theorists. Yet collaboration or partnerships between academics and community-based researchers and activists have often proved difficult. This is particularly true for partnerships with smaller, grassroots community researchers, who are generally less resourced than their academic partners. This paper focuses on such partnerships in gender research, with the aim of reflecting on

Barbara Cottrell; Jane L. Parpart

2006-01-01

140

What Influences the Utilisation of Educational Research by Policy-Makers and Practitioners?: The Perspectives of Academic Educational Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the field of education much has been made of the need for academics to engage more closely with policy-makers and practitioners in the process of knowledge production and research uptake. This paper reports results from a survey of academic educational researchers in Australia on their experience of research uptake and engagement with…

Cherney, Adrian; Povey, Jenny; Head, Brian; Boreham, Paul; Ferguson, Michele

2012-01-01

141

ECP: Enhancing Psychosocial and Academic Development in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Prevention Project (ECP) is an innovative effort to integrate psychosocial and educational approaches for promoting children's healthy development in elementary school. ECP takes a holistic approach to the prevention of academic and psychosocial problems and the promotion of students' educational and interpersonal development.…

Watts, Caroline L.; Murphy, Jennifer A.; Nikitopoulos, Christina E.

142

Academic Performance Enhancement with Photic Stimulation and EDR Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to test the possibility that training with the Biolight, a combined audio\\/visual stimulation (AVS) and EDR feedback device, would result in positive changes in academic performance. University students who had sought the help of the student counseling staff were divided into two groups of 8 each. The experimental group received 30 sessions of the combined AVS

Thomas Budzynski; John Jordy; Helen Kogan Budzynski; Hsin-Yi Tang; Keith Claypoole

1999-01-01

143

Community challenge: Enhancing the academic achievement of children and youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the 1991 and 1992 programs of the Baltimore and Washington D.C. Community Outreach Project of The Johns Hopkins University Center for Talented Youth (CTY). The project's two goals were to identify additional urban students who could qualify for the traditional CTY Summer Academic Programs, and to identify and serve other students whose substantial ability had previously gone

Linda Boliek Barnett; William C. Gustin; James C. DuSel

1996-01-01

144

The Development and Management of Academic and Research Space at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study describes the development and management of academic and research space at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It illustrates through historical and current examples the ways in which the institution, with its principle emphasis on science and technology, manages over four million square feet of academic and research space…

Simha, O. R.

145

The Effects of University-Industry Relationships and Academic Research on Scientific Performance: Synergy or Substitution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper evaluates whether university-industry relationships (UIR) and academic research activities have complementary effects on the scientific production of university lecturers. The analysis is based on a case study of two Spanish universities. We find that the effects of R&D contracts with industry, and academic research activity on…

Manjarres-Henriquez, Liney; Gutierrez-Gracia, Antonio; Carrion-Garcia, Andres; Vega-Jurado, Jaider

2009-01-01

146

What Is the Federal Role in Supporting Academic Research and Graduate Research Assistants? Division of Science Resources Studies Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue brief presents data illustrating the diversity across federal agency support in the science and engineering fields as emphasized in their funding of both academic research and science and engineering graduate students. Funding data show that changes in the balance of academic research funding across agencies are likely to affect both…

Rapoport, Alan I.

147

Planning Academic and Research Library Buildings. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents the processes involved in planning, programming, designing, and constructing academic library buildings. Chapters are arranged by topic in the general chronological order in which most projects proceed. Although this volume is concerned with the planning of academic libraries, there are many similarities with the planning of…

Leighton, Philip D.; Weber, David C.

148

The philosophy, organization, delivery, and evaluation of developmental academic advising at American research universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the extent to which American research I & II universities in higher education are aware of, practice, and agree with, the National Academic Advising Association (NACADA) and The Council for the Advancement of Standards for Student Services\\/Development Programs (CAS), developmental standards for academic advising.This study has four main purposes: (1) to examine the extent to which the

Elisah B. Lewis

1990-01-01

149

Ties That Do Not Bind: Musings on the Specious Relevance of Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the gap between academic research and practice in public administration and argues that it can be traced to conflicts such as theoretical vs. pragmatic knowledge, data-supported vs. logic-driven information, scientific method vs. case studies, academic vs. practitioner journals, and tenure vs. organizational effectiveness. Explores…

Bolton, Michael J.; Stolcis, Gregory B.

2003-01-01

150

Academic workload, research productivity, and end of life: a single-case historiometric study.  

PubMed

Fourteen years of biographical time-series data were analyzed quantitatively retrospectively using the historiometric approach. The data were descriptions of self-recorded daily working hours for one academic researcher's career and life. The researcher's unexpected death was preceded by a notable decline in daily working hours and conference travels commencing two years before. Well-known calendar effects (week and academic year) as well as effects of increased academic rank and duties on working hours were all discernible in these unobtrusive data. However, effort (total working hours) did not predict concurrent or near-future research output, even when teaching load was controlled for. PMID:22897077

Nader, Ingo W; Pietschnig, Jakob; Voracek, Martin

2012-06-01

151

Do Learning Skills Acquired in the University Access Programme Enhance Participation in Academic Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article I critically evaluate whether or not learning skills acquired in the university access programme enhance participation in academic practice. University access programmes have been developed with a view to preparing and empowering under-prepared students who did not meet the university criteria. The article claims that even though…

Hlalele, D. J.

2010-01-01

152

Home-School Collaboration: Enhancing Children's Academic and Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the school and the home/parents in enhancing the possibilities for students' success. Twenty-four individual chapters by 45 contributors include: (1) "Family Systems and the School" (William Doherty and Vida Peskay); (2) "Home-School Collaboration: Effects, Issues, and Opportunities"…

Christenson, Sandra L., Ed.; Conoley, Jane Close, Ed.

153

School-based health centers and academic performance: research, challenges, and recommendations.  

PubMed

School-based health centers (SBHCs) provide physical and mental health services on school campuses to improve student health status, and thereby potentially facilitate student academic success. With a growing emphasis on school accountability and the simultaneous dwindling of resources at the federal, state, and local levels, SBHCs face increasing pressures from school administrators and funders to document their impact on student academic achievement. This article reviews the methods, findings, and limitations of studies that have examined the relationship between SBHCs and academic performance. It also describes methodological challenges of conducting and interpreting such research, and discusses factors and intermediate variables that influence student academic performance. Recommendations are offered for SBHC researchers, evaluators, and service providers in response to the pressure they are facing to document the effect of SBHC services on academic outcomes. PMID:15656260

Geierstanger, Sara Peterson; Amaral, Gorette; Mansour, Mona; Walters, Susan Russell

2004-11-01

154

The Causes and Consequences of Academic Procrastination: A Research Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether students who are intrinsically motivated about learning procrastinate less than those students who are externally motivated and also explores the consequences of procrastination. Indicates that students whose motivation is external are more likely to procrastinate while procrastination is associated with poor academic performance…

Orpen, Christopher

1998-01-01

155

Academic Advising Highly Important to Students. National Research Report, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How important is academic advising to students--and what aspects of advising are students most and least satisfied with? This report builds on the considerable evidence to date that students view advising as an important and needed service. It also documents specific strengths and challenges related to the advising process for public, private,…

Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2009

2009-01-01

156

Midsemester Academic Interventions in a Student-Centered Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this descriptive study, the use of a midsemester Success Workshop is evaluated within the context of the persistence and motivation of students placed on academic probation in a state university between 2005 and 2010. Elements of the Success Workshop are described. The self-assessments, workshop evaluation results, and other institutional data…

Boretz, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

157

Africana resources in four selected US academic research libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To explore the relationship between the importance of African studies programs and the acquisition of African imprint titles in four selected American academic libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines the characteristics of the African studies programs in four universities in comparison with library holdings including the percentage of holdings from four major English-language African publishers. Finding – The

Afeworki Paulos; Robert P. Holley

2006-01-01

158

The Academic Ethics of Open Access to Research and Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we present the case for regarding the principles by which scholarly publications are disseminated and shared as a matter of academic ethics. The ethics of access have to do with recognizing people's right to know what is known, as well as the value to humanity of having one of its best forms of arriving at knowledge as widely…

Willinsky, John; Alperin, Juan Pablo

2011-01-01

159

The Causes and Consequences of Academic Procrastination: A Research Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines whether students who are intrinsically motivated about learning procrastinate less than those students who are externally motivated and also explores the consequences of procrastination. Indicates that students whose motivation is external are more likely to procrastinate while procrastination is associated with poor academic performance…

Orpen, Christopher

1998-01-01

160

Relating academics' ways of integrating research and teaching to their students' perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wide variety of studies has been carried out regarding the way academics view the research–teaching nexus, while other studies have focused on the students’ experience of research?intensive environments. This study links these two research streams, and describes how 12 staff members in a faculty of humanities integrate research into their teaching, and how their students perceive these learning environments.

Jan H. van Driel; Roeland M. van der Rijst; Anthonya Visser; Nico Verloop

2012-01-01

161

Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Academics' Perceptions about Research in a Transitional Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research capacity building has become a prominent theme in higher education institutions in China and across the world. However, Chinese Teaching English as a Foreign Language academics' research output has been quite limited. In order to build their research capacity, it is necessary to understand their perceptions about research. This case…

Bai, Li; Millwater, Jan; Hudson, Peter

2012-01-01

162

Telling Tales: A Narrative Research Study of the Experiences of New International Academic Staff at an Australian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the transnational movement of academics continues to increase, some are arguing it is time to look more closely at the challenges faced by new international academic staff. This article reports on a narrative research study exploring the experiences and perceptions of eight international academic staff at a large, research-intensive university…

Green, Wendy; Myatt, Paula

2011-01-01

163

EPA AND THE ACADEMIC COMMUNITY - PARTNERS IN RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The report describes EPA's anticipatory research program for establishing institutional research centers. The center concept is intended to obtain the assistance of the best available researchers to establish a focal point of continuing research in specific areas fundamental to e...

164

Academic research on European terrorist developments: Pleas from a government terrorism analyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the state of academic research on terrorist developments in Europe. The author, a U.S. government terrorism analyst, argues that more research articles should be aimed at the “terrorism analyst” rather than the “policymaker.” Several suggested research topics are presented, for example, more articles on GRAPO in Spain, the Revolutionary Organization 17 November in Greece, the Revolutionary Left

Dennis A. Pluchinsky

1992-01-01

165

Academic research at a South African higher education institution: Quality issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the research was to critically analyse how a university context influences the quality of academics' research output. Wenger's social theory of learning was used as theoretical framework. The investigation involved an ethnographic case study of the research culture at one college at the institution. Data collection was mainly by means of participant observation, interviews and document analysis.

S. Schulze

2008-01-01

166

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of…

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

167

ACADEMIC INCENTIVES, RESEARCH ORGANIZATION AND PATENTING AT A LARGE FRENCH UNIVERSITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an empirical study on the patenting activities of the faculty members of the University Louis Pasteur, a major French research university. Our findings suggest that publishing and patenting are positively related whereas academic status and patenting are not, and that university researchers are more likely to patent later in their careers. With regard to research organization, we

Nicolas Carayol

2007-01-01

168

Conceptualising Higher Education Research and/or Academic Development as "Fields": A Critical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper calls into question the idea that we can simply think about higher education as a research field and explores different meanings of the term field. It asks whether there are related fields: research into higher education, academic development and disciplinary teaching research, rather than one. The approach of the paper is conceptual,…

Clegg, Sue

2012-01-01

169

Writing Groups, Change and Academic Identity: Research Development as Local Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the use of writing groups as a strategy for research development, asserting that writing is best considered a starting point of the research process and that fostering academic writing is a useful place to do research development work. The article describes the use of various writing groups over 3 years, exploring the responses of leaders…

Lee, Alison; Boud, David

2003-01-01

170

Careers and Academic Research Collaborations: An Inductive Process Framework for Understanding Successful Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We use a two-stage process to inductively develop a framework to understand the mechanisms that influence academic research collaborations. First, we draw on the research collaboration experiences of three distinguished careers researchers to develop a process framework. The framework outlines the phases for the project from initiation through to…

Sargent, Leisa D.; Waters, Lea E.

2004-01-01

171

Enhancing Student Academic and Health Functioning: A Self-Regulatory Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces a program of research on students' self-regulation of their academic and health functioning from initial operational definitions to training and intervention studies. This body of evidence has shown that students' use of self-regulatory processes, such as learning strategies, goal setting, self-monitoring, and self-efficacy beliefs,…

Zimmerman, Barry J.

1996-01-01

172

Patenting and Licensing of University Research: Promoting Innovation or Undermining Academic Values?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1980s in the US and the 1990s in Europe, patenting and licensing activities by universities have massively increased.\\u000a This is strongly encouraged by governments throughout the Western world. Many regard academic patenting as essential to achieve\\u000a ‘knowledge transfer’ from academia to industry. This trend has far-reaching consequences for access to the fruits of academic\\u000a research and so the

Sigrid Sterckx

2011-01-01

173

The challenges of collaboration for academic and community partners in a research partnership: points to consider.  

PubMed

The philosophical underpinning of Community-Engaged Research (CEnR) entails a collaborative partnership between academic researchers and the community. The Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) model is the partnership model most widely discussed in the CEnR literature and is the primary model we draw upon in this discussion of the collaboration between academic researchers and the community. In CPBR, the goal is for community partners to have equal authority and responsibility with the academic research team, and that the partners engage in respectful negotiation both before the research begins and throughout the research process to ensure that the concerns, interests, and needs of each party are addressed. The negotiation of a fair, successful, and enduring partnership requires transparency and understanding of the different assets, skills and expertise that each party brings to the project. Delineating the expectations of both parties and documenting the terms of agreement in a memorandum of understanding or similar document may be very useful. This document is structured to provide a "points- to-consider" roadmap for academic and community research partners to establish and maintain a research partnership at each stage of the research process. PMID:20235861

Ross, Lainie Friedman; Loup, Allan; Nelson, Robert M; Botkin, Jeffrey R; Kost, Rhonda; Smith, George R; Gehlert, Sarah

2010-03-01

174

Autonomy and Coercion in Academic “Cognitive Enhancement” Using Methylphenidate: Perspectives of Key Stakeholders  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is mounting evidence that methylphenidate (MPH; Ritalin) is being used by healthy college students to improve concentration,\\u000a alertness, and academic performance. One of the key concerns associated with such use of pharmaceuticals is the degree of\\u000a freedom individuals have to engage in or abstain from cognitive enhancement (CE). From a pragmatic perspective, careful examination\\u000a of the ethics of acts

Cynthia Forlini; Eric Racine

2009-01-01

175

The Duke-NICHE Program: An academic-practice collaboration to enhance geriatric nursing care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Duke-Nurses Improving Care of Healthsystem Elders (NICHE) is an example of an academic-practice partnership between a university-based school of nursing and a health system that aims to improve care of older adults by simultaneously enhancing the expertise of frontline nursing staff, accelerating the implementation of evidence-based care approaches, and generating scientific knowledge at the point of care. This article

Cristina C. Hendrix; Loretta Matters; Yvette West; Beth Stewart; Eleanor S. McConnell

2011-01-01

176

Word Processing as an Assistive Technology Tool for Enhancing Academic Outcomes of Students with Writing Disabilities in the General Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the use of a word processor for enhancing the academic outcomes of three students with writing disabilities in a junior high school. A single-subject ABAB design was used to compare academic output produced during class time with and without a computer equipped with a word processor. The number of spelling errors, the…

Hetzroni, O. E.; Shrieber, B.

2004-01-01

177

Becoming and Being an Academic: The Perspectives of Chinese Staff in Two Research-Intensive UK Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an interview study investigating the experiences of academic acculturation (a process of mutual influence and enrichment with regard to academic practice) of a group of Chinese academic staff in two research-intensive UK universities. Following a systematic content-based analysis, three major themes emerged as salient,…

Jiang, Xiaoli; Di Napoli, Roberto; Borg, Michaela; Maunder, Rachel; Fry, Heather; Walsh, Elaine

2010-01-01

178

Enhancing Research Capacity in Gerontological Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an untapped potential of social work faculty to conduct aging research aimed at enhancing the well-being of older adults. To better exploit this resource, we have designed, implemented, and evaluated a postgraduate training program in aging research. The goal of the program is to build and sustain a community of social work faculty committed to conducting aging research,

Chandra M. Mehrotra; Aloen Townsend; Barbara Berkman

2009-01-01

179

A Research Study for Developing a Strategic Plan for Recruiting Academically Superior Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study reported in this document was conducted to facilitate strategic recruiting and marketing plans aimed at enhancing enrollments of academically superior students at the University of Wisconsin-Washington County (UWWC). Data on college choice criteria, perceptions, evaluations, information sources, "influentials," and choice outcomes…

Prasad, Sarada; Murphy, Michael

180

The University-Academic Connection in Research: Corporate Purposes and Social Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An increase in industry-supported academic research is economically and socially desirable. This refers not to industrial philanthropy but to research consistent with a commercial "mission." This increased coupling is advocated because there is fine science and technique created in academia which is not effectively coupled to the nation's…

David, E. E., Jr.

181

The Role of Research in Academic Psychiatric Departments: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors demonstrate the role that research can play in the development of an academic department of psychiatry. Method: The authors explore the challenges and achievements in the transition of one department from a strong clinically- and educationally-centered department to one with an equally strong research focus. Results: The…

Pato, Carlos; Abulseoud, Osama; Pato, Michelle

2011-01-01

182

Stepping out of the Academic Brew: Using Critical Research to Break Down Hierarchies of Knowledge Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical theory and critical research are undeniably useful for revealing oppressive social structures and challenging the status quo in the realm of grand theory; yet, they are also useful for creating knowledge structures when academics deploy them on the ground. This article explores how critical theory and critical research can be used to…

Kress, Tricia M.

2011-01-01

183

Building Sustainable Academic Research in a "Teaching and Learning" Intensive Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic research is increasingly interdisciplinary, inter-institutional and international. In this context, creating and maintaining the balance in the nexus between research, teaching and learning and industry interaction is central to the operation and reputation of a university-level institute. In seeking sustainability, the perennial…

Jerrams, Steve; Betts, Tony; Carton, Janet

2008-01-01

184

Communicating Academic Research Findings to IS Professionals: An Analysis of Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because research find ings often do not have direct or immediate relevance to IS professionals in indus- try, the question arises as to how those findings should be disseminated to them in a suitable form at such time as they do become relevant. A central argument of this paper is that the traditional mecha- nisms whereby academic researchers disseminate their

Michael Lang

2003-01-01

185

Institutional Strategies for Capturing Socio-Economic Impact of Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of socio-economic impact is an emerging theme for publicly-funded academic research. Within this context, the paper suggests that the concept of institutional research capital be expanded to include the capture and evaluation of socio-economic impact. Furthermore, it argues that understanding the typology of impacts and the tracking…

Scoble, Rosa; Dickson, Keith; Hanney, Steve; Rodgers, G. J.

2010-01-01

186

A Novel Economic Approach to the Evaluation of Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a new analytical tool, data envelope analysis (DEA) model, which can provide better understanding of the efficiency of academic research libraries. Reports the results of a study using 1994-1995 Association of Research Libraries statistics together with expert judgments, in terms of constraints, to make the model more applicable to the…

Shim, Wonsik; Kantor, Paul B.

1998-01-01

187

Allocating Time Resources for Research between Academic Staff: The Case of Norwegian University Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to explore how time resources for research are allocated among academic staff members in institutions where research qualifications differ much between individuals. Norwegian university colleges are used as a case. These resources, which can be regarded as scarce goods, are of two kinds: the share of working hours…

Kyvik, Svein

2009-01-01

188

The Role of Research in Academic Psychiatric Departments: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors demonstrate the role that research can play in the development of an academic department of psychiatry. Method: The authors explore the challenges and achievements in the transition of one department from a strong clinically- and educationally-centered department to one with an equally strong research focus. Results: The…

Pato, Carlos; Abulseoud, Osama; Pato, Michelle

2011-01-01

189

A Complex Systems Framework for Research on Leadership and Organizational Dynamics in Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a historiographical analysis of major leadership and organizational development theories that have shaped our thinking about how we lead and administrate academic libraries. Drawing from behavioral, cognitive, systems, and complexity theories, this article discusses major theorists and research studies appearing over the past century. A complex systems framework is then proposed for future research on leadership and

Donald L. Gilstrap

2009-01-01

190

A Novel Economic Approach to the Evaluation of Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a new analytical tool, data envelope analysis (DEA) model, which can provide better understanding of the efficiency of academic research libraries. Reports the results of a study using 1994-1995 Association of Research Libraries statistics together with expert judgments, in terms of constraints, to make the model more applicable to the…

Shim, Wonsik; Kantor, Paul B.

1998-01-01

191

Consolidated Academic and Research Exposition: A Pilot Study of an Innovative Education Method to Increase Residents' Research Involvement  

PubMed Central

Background Internal medicine residents at the Ochsner Clinic Foundation stay engaged with clinical work and have difficulty initiating and completing research and publishing their scholarly activities. Commonly cited barriers include lack of knowledge about institutional research programs, lack of confidence regarding medical writing skills, lack of time, and failure to understand the value of research. The residency directors at Ochsner initiated the Consolidated Academic and Research Exposition (CARE) program to teach basic research skills and encourage residents' interest and productivity in research. Methods The CARE program includes 4 core components: house staff mentoring and the Resident Career Development Program, a journal club, medical writing instruction, and research engagement. Particular emphasis is given to projects that could be completed within a 1-month period and result in publication, enabling residents to use a 1-month elective rotation during their first postgraduate year. The sessions are mandatory for residents, except for those on specified rotations, including the critical care service and the night float rotation and those who are postcall. Results In 2010-2011, 6 residents submitted abstracts to the Louisiana Chapter of the American College of Physicians Associates meeting; 2 abstracts were accepted for presentation. In 2011-2012, there were 14 submissions, 4 of which were accepted for presentation. In 2010-2011, there were 4 submissions to the Southern Hospitalist Conference, which increased to 7 submissions in 2011-2012. The second best presentation award at the Southern Hospitalist Conference was also earned by a resident of this institution. The program saw a 110% total increase in scholarly activity from 2010-2011 to 2011-2012. Discussion The CARE program has been in existence for approximately 1 year. Preliminary results were tabulated based on research proposals, posters, abstracts, case reports, and presentations submitted and/or accepted at leading medical conferences over the past year as compared to the same period 1 year ago. Residents, based on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Resident Survey responses, were more satisfied with the opportunities provided to them to participate in research or scholarly activities. Our preliminary results suggest that an organized, structured research curriculum in internal medicine residency programs is critical to promoting, initiating, and completing scholarly activity during a residency program. Conclusion Ochsner's CARE program has appreciably enhanced internal medicine residents' interest in research-related activity, resulting in a significant increase in resident-authored research papers, abstracts, posters, and case reports being accepted at leading national medical conferences.

Basu Ray, Indranill; Henry, Tracey L.; Davis, William; Alam, Jawed; Amedee, Ronald G.; Pinsky, William W.

2012-01-01

192

Expanding Research Capacity at United States Universities: A Study of Academic Research and Development Investment from 1990-2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Growing emphasis has been placed on universities to contribute to the innovation process and as a result academic research and development expenditures have increased in recent years. Nevertheless, little is known about the specific ways in which universities have expanded their research capacity. This paper examines how universities in the…

Cantwell, Brendan; Mathies, Charles F.

2012-01-01

193

Expanding Research Capacity at United States Universities: A Study of Academic Research and Development Investment from 1990-2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing emphasis has been placed on universities to contribute to the innovation process and as a result academic research and development expenditures have increased in recent years. Nevertheless, little is known about the specific ways in which universities have expanded their research capacity. This paper examines how universities in the United…

Cantwell, Brendan; Mathies, Charles F.

2012-01-01

194

University supply and corporate demand for academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

University research is an important contributor to corporate innovation, but corporate-sponsored research has lagged other\\u000a forms of research expenditure since 2000 and is perceived to be sub-optimal. This paper first examines and interprets reasons\\u000a given by industry participants for this relative underperformance. It next establishes the complexity of this issue by explicating\\u000a different patterns of research relationships for four industry

Roger L. Geiger

2012-01-01

195

Collaborative, academic-industry research approach for advancing Systems Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to many technology-based research programmes on which industry and academia may collaborate, a programme in systems engineering - a discipline which is practitioner-focused - requires a different approach to enabling exploitation of research outputs. Those outputs tend to be process, approach and methodological in nature rather than specifically tools and technologies. The NECTISE* research programme is a multi-year,

C. Henshaw; David J. Gunton; Esmond N. Urwin

2009-01-01

196

How to Channel the Data Deluge in Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What are the best ways to organize the mass quantities of data that researchers generate, and to share those data to engender new research? Scott Carlson, a senior reporter at "The Chronicle", asked Michael C. Witt, an assistant professor of library science and an interdisciplinary research librarian at Purdue University Libraries and its…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 2008

2008-01-01

197

Mediating Academic Research: The Assessment Reform Group Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The interface between education research and education policy in the UK has been discussed, explored and redefined over nearly two decades since the "Education Reform Act" of 1988. This contribution analyses how one group of researchers, in the field of assessment, has attempted to exploit the potential for evidence from research to influence…

Daugherty, Richard

2007-01-01

198

Academic Blogging: Academic Practice and Academic Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a small-scale study which investigates the role of blogging in professional academic practice in higher education. It draws on interviews with a sample of academics (scholars, researchers and teachers) who have blogs and on the author's own reflections on blogging to investigate the function of blogging in academic practice…

Kirkup, Gill

2010-01-01

199

Unveiling Social and Environmental Accounting Research in Spain: A Narrative of the Mobilisation of the Spanish Academic Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present a personal overview of the process of mobilisation of the social and environmental accounting research (SEAR) Spanish academic community to develop social and environmental accounting research as a legitimate research field. Using the arguments of Hambrick and Chen (2008) for analysing new academic fields as admittance-seeking social movements, a narrative is provided

Carmen Correa

2011-01-01

200

Use of E-Books in an Academic and Research Environment: A Case Study from the Indian Institute of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the use and usability of e-books from the perspectives of users in an academic and research environment. Design/methodology/approach: This study involved an e-mail questionnaire to survey researchers in the academic and research environment of the Indian Institute of Science regarding their use…

Anuradha, K. T.; Usha, H. S.

2006-01-01

201

Development of a Survey Instrument to Measure TEFL Academics' Perceptions about, Individual and Workplace Characteristics for Conducting Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 30-item survey was devised to determine Chinese TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) academics' potential for conducting research. A five-part Likert scale was used to gather data from 182 academics on four factors: (1) perceptions on teaching-research nexus, (2) personal perspectives for conducting research, (3) predispositions for…

Bai, Li; Hudson, Peter; Millwater, Jan; Tones, Megan

2013-01-01

202

Trends in research support and productivity in the changing environment of academic surgery 1 1 Presented as an oral presentation at the 2002 annual meeting of the Association for Academic Surgeons, November 7–9, 2002, Boston, MA  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundWe hypothesized that the changing environment of academic surgery has resulted in a decrease in surgical research funding and basic surgical research productivity of academic departments of surgery.

Heidi H. Jackson; Jeffrey D. Jackson; Sean J. Mulvihill; Matthew A. Firpo; Robert E. Glasgow

2004-01-01

203

KEROGEN OIL VALUE ENHANCEMENT RESEARCH  

SciTech Connect

Three general categories of products from the Estonia Kukersite kerogen oil were defined: pure compounds, broad range concentrates, and sweet refinery feedstock. Product development and market research center on these three categories. Further attempts were made to identify and test chemical approaches for producing lower alkyl resorcinols (what the market requires) from higher alkyl resorcinols. The approaches and process conditions tested have not yet produced satisfactory results. Progress was made to interest industry in the phenolic products producible. A sample of oil from the Galoter retort was received from Estonia and characterization of this sample was initiated. The sample was batch extracted and results of yields and selectivity are reported.

James W. Bunger, Ph.D.; Christopher P. Russell, Ph.D.; Donald E. Cogswell, M.S.

2002-05-22

204

Effects of Problem-Based Learning on Critical Thinking Enhancement and Academic Achievement of Teacher Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aimed to study the effects of problem-based learning (PBL), group characteristics, and their interaction effects on critical thinking and academic achievement of teacher students. The sample consisted of 150 students from the Faculty of Education, Prince of Songkla University. Students were classi- fied into 3 groups: science-based, arts-based, and combined groups; each group had 50 students. In each

Achara Thummarpon; Pranee Thongkam

205

Trends in Academic Research Spending, Alliances, and Commercialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Widespread changes underway in the national R&D landscape are impacting how universities fund, conduct, and disseminate their own research efforts. The key components of these trends are revealed through a variety of indicators, including on financial resources, publishing and patenting metrics, and research partnerships. Many of the changes appear to be cost-driven. Particularly as funding increases from Government have slowed

John E. Jankowski

1999-01-01

206

Academic Research Productivity, Department Size and Organization: Further Results, Rejoinder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the above article by Meador et al., shows that graduate faculty ratings reflect total departmental publication performance rather than average research productivity. Hence, such ratings are a poor proxy for the dependent variable when modeling research output per faculty member. (MLF)

Golden, John; Carstensen, Fred V.

1992-01-01

207

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today's Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

208

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today’s Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

209

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to develop an engineering framework for the exploitation of microorganisms to enhance oil recovery. Specific goals include: (1) investigation of the mechanisms of microbially induced oil mobilization; (2) the production, isolation, chemical characterization and study of the physical properties of microbially produced surfactants; (3) model studies in sandstone cores for the characterization of the interactions between growing microbially cultures and oil reservoirs; (4) development of simulators for MEOR; and (5) design of operational strategies for the sequential injection of microorganisms and nutrient in reservoirs are: (1) systematic discussion of the mechanisms important in MEOR processes; (2) Measurement of the growth characteristics of Bacillus Licheniformis under various conditions of pH, temperature and salt concentration for both aerobic and anaerobic growth.; (3) measurement of interfacial tension reducing ability of the biosurfactant under different conditions of pH and salt concentration; (4) development of some preliminary methods to concentrate and characterize the biosurfactant; (5) development of a compositional numerical simulator for MEOR processes; and (6) Measurement of the lowest interfacial tension (IFT) value reported for biosurfactants to date. Demonstration of the fact that the low IFT values required for oil recovery can be attained with biosurfactants.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G.

1990-01-01

210

Increasing the ranks of academic researchers in mental health: a multisite approach to postdoctoral fellowship training.  

PubMed

This report highlights the use of multisite training for psychiatry and psychology postdoctoral fellows developing careers in academic clinical research in the field of mental health. The objective is to describe a model of training for young investigators to establish independent academic clinical research careers, including (1) program structure and eligibility, (2) program goals and development of a multisite curriculum, (3) use of technology for implementing the program across multiple sites, and (4) advantages and challenges of this multisite approach. In 2000, in collaboration with the Veterans Affairs (VA) Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Centers (MIRECCs), the VA Office of Academic Affiliations launched the Special Fellowship Program in Advanced Psychiatry and Psychology. Each of the 10 currently participating VA sites across the United States is affiliated with a MIRECC and an academic medical institution. In the first five years of this fellowship program, 83 fellows (34 psychiatrists and 49 psychologists) have participated. The success of this multisite approach is evidenced by the 58 fellows who have already graduated from the program: 70% have entered academic clinical research positions, and over 25 have obtained independent extramural grant support from the VA or the National Institutes of Health. Multisite training results in a greater transfer of knowledge and capitalizes on the nationwide availability of experts, creating unique networking and learning opportunities for trainees. The VA's multisite fellowship program plays a valuable role in preparing substantial numbers of psychiatry and psychology trainees for a range of academic clinical research and leadership positions in the field of mental health. PMID:20042819

O'Hara, Ruth; Cassidy-Eagle, Erin L; Beaudreau, Sherry A; Eyler, Lisa T; Gray, Heather L; Giese-Davis, Janine; Hubbard, Jeffrey; Yesavage, Jerome A

2010-01-01

211

Starting and Maintaining and Academic Year Undergraduate Research Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developing a meaningful research program for undergraduate students can be tricky, and some faculty members may be looking for a resource to help them with such an endeavor. Recently, a joint panel of experts convened by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) met up to discuss how to effectively mentor undergraduate research. The panelists included Sarah Spence Adams, Rebecca Garcia, Rick Gillman, Darren Narayan, and Daniel Schaal, and the summary of their discussion can be found here. They were asked to talk about five different topics, including purposes for doing undergraduate research and the characteristics of good undergraduate research problems. After reading the short summaries of each of the five topics, visitors can view each panelist's original presentation or presentation notes.

Adams, Sarah S.

2009-01-01

212

Opportunities for academic research in a low-gravity environment  

SciTech Connect

The possibilities offered by the Space Station and other space-infrastructure components for experimental research and measurements in the applied sciences and engineering are considered in reviews presented at the NSF workshop held in Washington, DC, on July 10, 11, 1985. Both the physics of the microgravity environment and the characteristics of space laboratory facilities are addressed. Topics examined are infrastructures for low-gravity research, critical phenomena, gravitation, crystal growth, metals and alloys, containerless processing, combustion, and fluid dynamics.

Hazelrigg, G.A.; Reynolds, J.M.

1986-01-01

213

Jmol-Enhanced Biochemistry Research Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We developed a protein research project for a one-semester biochemistry lecture class to enhance learning and more effectively train students to understand protein structure and function. During this semester-long process, students select a protein with known structure and then research its structure, sequence, and function. This project…

Saderholm, Matthew; Reynolds, Anthony

2011-01-01

214

Development of a regional nursing research partnership for academic and practice collaborations.  

PubMed

Background. Collaborative nursing research across academic and practice settings is imperative to generate knowledge to improve patient care. Models of academic/practice partnerships for nursing research are lacking. This paper reports data collected before and during a one-day retreat for nurse researchers and administrators from local universities and health care organizations designed to establish a regional nursing research partnership. Methods. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to address the study aims: (1) to assess research involvement and institutional research resources; (2) to assess interest in and concerns regarding cross-institutional collaborations; and (3) to describe perceptions of the purpose of a partnership and resources needed to ensure success. Results. Participants (n = 49) had differing perceptions of accessibility to resources; participants in practice settings reported less accessibility to resources, notably grant development, informatics, and research assistant support. Participants were interested in collaboration although concerns about conflict of interest were expressed. Four themes related to partnering were identified: harnessing our nursing voice and identity; developing as researchers; staying connected; and positioning for a collaborative project. Conclusion. Academic-practice research collaborations will become increasingly important with health care system changes. Strategies to develop and sustain productive partnerships should be supported. PMID:23984059

Tubbs-Cooley, Heather L; Martsolf, Donna S; Pickler, Rita H; Morrison, Caroline F; Wardlaw, Cassie E

2013-07-28

215

Public-academic partnerships: integrating state psychiatric hospital treatment and clinical research.  

PubMed

Collaboration between state clinical treatment services and academic research is fertile ground for clinical research opportunities. Such joint initiatives require careful planning, including provisions for joint training, integration of research staff into clinical activities, and integration of clinical treatment staff into research activities. The authors describe the planning and development of a 24-bed research unit at the Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, colocated on the same campus as Rockland Psychiatric Center, each of which is an independent facility operated by the New York State Office of Mental Health. PMID:18757586

Citrome, Leslie; Epstein, Henry; Nolan, Karen A; Trémeau, Fabien; Elin, Charles; Roy, Biman; Levine, Jerome

2008-09-01

216

Coupling the academic research enterprise to the innovation economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The UCF approach to aiding Florida's innovation economy is discussed. The approach is to focus on key areas of research that overlap our state's economic development plans, work in partnership with existing high tech industry, and develop our regions innovation economy eco-system. One method of focus is to develop multidisciplinary research and education centers that support existing and emerging economic sectors. One example is CREOL, the Center for Research in Optics and Lasers. We incentivize faculty to make their labs and skills available to regional industry through a matching grants program. We work in partnership with regional governments to develop a network of company incubators with high wage and high growth potential.

Soileau, M. J.

2012-10-01

217

Enhancing Astronomy Major Learning Through Group Research Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Arizona Astronomy Club has been using group research projects to enhance the learning experience of undergraduates in astronomy and related fields. Students work on two projects that employ a peer-mentoring system so they can learn crucial skills and concepts necessary in research environments. Students work on a transiting exoplanet project using the 1.55-meter Kuiper Telescope on Mt. Bigelow in Southern Arizona to collect near-UV and optical wavelength data. The goal of the project is to refine planetary parameters and to attempt to detect exoplanet magnetic fields by searching for near-UV light curve asymmetries. The other project is a survey that utilizes the 12-meter Arizona Radio Observatory on Kitt Peak to search for the spectroscopic signature of infall in nearby starless cores. These are unique projects because students are involved throughout the entire research process, including writing proposals for telescope time, observing at the telescopes, data reduction and analysis, writing papers for publication in journals, and presenting research at scientific conferences. Exoplanet project members are able to receive independent study credit for participating in the research, which helps keep the project on track. Both projects allow students to work on professional research and prepare for several astronomy courses early in their academic career. They also encourage teamwork and mentor-style peer teaching, and can help students identify their own research projects as they expand their knowledge.

McGraw, Allison M.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.; Turner, J.; Shirley, Y. L.; Walker-Lafollette, A.; Scott, A.; Guvenen, B.; Raphael, B.; Sanford, B.; Smart, B.; Nguyen, C.; Jones, C.; Smith, C.; Cates, I.; Romine, J.; Cook, K.; Pearson, K.; Biddle, L.; Small, L.; Donnels, M.; Nieberding, M.; Kwon, M.; Thompson, R.; De La Rosa, R.; Hofmann, R.; Tombleson, R.; Smith, T.; Towner, A. P.; Wallace, S.

2013-01-01

218

Study of the Performance and Characteristics of U.S. Academic Research Institution Technology Commercialization (ARITC)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation aims to provide a better understanding of the technology licensing practices of academic research institutions. The study identifies time durations in licensing and incorporates these into a model to evaluate licensing performance. Performance is measured by the efficiency of an institution's technology licensing process and…

Kim, Jisun

2012-01-01

219

The Importance of Distributed Broadband Networks to Academic Biomedical Research and Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This article highlights the importance of distributed broadband networks as part of the core infrastructure necessary to deliver academic research and education programs. Method: The authors review recent developments in the field and present the University of California, Davis, environment as a case study of a future virtual regional…

Yellowlees, Peter M.; Hogarth, Michael; Hilty, Donald M.

2006-01-01

220

Supporting Academic Improvement among Eighth Graders at Risk for Retention: An Action Research Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent changes in the field of school counseling have called for professional school counselors to provide evidence of the effect their work has on the academic success of their students. This article presents the findings of a multi faceted action research intervention designed to help students at risk for retention. Findings indicate that students participating in the intervention did improve

E. C. M. Mason; H. George McMahon

2009-01-01

221

Academic Procrastination and the Performance of Graduate-Level Cooperative Groups in Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which academic procrastination predicted the performance of cooperative groups in graduate-level research methods courses. A total of 28 groups was examined (n = 83 students), ranging in size from 2 to 5 (M = 2.96, SD = 1.10). Multiple regression analyses revealed that neither within-group mean nor within-group…

Jiao, Qun G.; DaRos-Voseles, Denise A.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

2011-01-01

222

Supporting Academic Improvement among Eighth Graders at Risk for Retention: An Action Research Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent changes in the field of school counseling have called for professional school counselors to provide evidence of the effect their work has on the academic success of their students. This article presents the findings of a multi faceted action research intervention designed to help students at risk for retention. Findings indicate that…

Mason, E. C. M.; McMahon, H. George

2009-01-01

223

Academic Writing in a Second Language: Essays on Research and Pedagogy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on research and teaching of academic writing in English as a second language include:"When Practice Doesn't Make Perfect: The Case of a Graduate ESL Student" (Melanie Schneider, Naomi K. Fujishima); "Good Writing: I Know It When I See It" (Ilona Leki); "Redefining the Task: An Ethnographic Examination of Writing and Response in Graduate…

Belcher, Diane, Ed.; Braine, George, Ed.

224

Academic Research and Canadian Manufacturing Productivity since the Formation of NAFTA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Does academic research have a positive impact on productivity? To examine this question, the paper focuses on national Canadian manufacturing data, using a variable-cost CES-translog cost system. Changes in the elasticities calculated from the estimation results allow the study of the impact of the free-trade agreements on Canadian production and…

Brox, James

2007-01-01

225

What Do Users Want? What Do Users Need? W(h)ither the Academic Research Library?  

Microsoft Academic Search

What shapes and extends user expectations? How well is the library positioned to meet and exceed those needs? How are library collections, services, technology, space, staffing, and organization influenced by these developments? What new roles and responsibilities are being embraced and advanced? This article outlines the growing desires and requirements of the academic research library user under the impact of

James G. Neal

2009-01-01

226

The Importance of Distributed Broadband Networks to Academic Biomedical Research and Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article highlights the importance of distributed broadband networks as part of the core infrastructure necessary to deliver academic research and education programs. Method: The authors review recent developments in the field and present the University of California, Davis, environment as a case study of a future virtual regional…

Yellowlees, Peter M.; Hogarth, Michael; Hilty, Donald M.

2006-01-01

227

Using Blogs and New Media in Academic Practice: Potential Roles in Research, Teaching, Learning, and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compiling a referenced article for publication in a peer-reviewed journal is traditionally the most respected means of contributing to a body of knowledge. However, we argue that publication of evidence-based information via new media--especially blogging--can also be a valid form of academic scholarship. Blogs allow for rapid sharing of research

Powell, Douglas A.; Jacob, Casey J.; Chapman, Benjamin J.

2012-01-01

228

Focus on Academic and Research Libraries: Librarians Speak Out to Journal Publishers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the economic situation in libraries these days? What are academic and research libraries doing with regard to making the resources in their collections more discoverable? Are they involved in institutional repository (IR) projects? And how do IRs and the availability of open access journals affect library purchasing decisions? Those were…

Kaser, Dick

2009-01-01

229

University Libraries, Integrated Scholarly Information Systems (SIS), and the Changing Character of Academic Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews concerns of scholars and librarians in the area of electronic information. The function and importance of integrated scholarly information systems are discussed with examples of ways scholars are likely to acquire and integrate electronic information in the future. The impact of electronic research systems on the nature of academic

Weiskel, Timothy C.

1988-01-01

230

Promoting Doctoral Students' Research Self-Efficacy: Combining Academic Guidance with Autonomy Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A diverse sample of doctoral students completed an on-line questionnaire assessing their supervisors' academic, personal and autonomy support and their research self-efficacy. The more task-related help and personal support students received, the more positively they evaluated their supervision. The degree to which supervisors encouraged students…

Overall, Nickola C.; Deane, Kelsey L.; Peterson, Elizabeth R.

2011-01-01

231

Focus on Academic and Research Libraries: Librarians Speak Out to Journal Publishers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What is the economic situation in libraries these days? What are academic and research libraries doing with regard to making the resources in their collections more discoverable? Are they involved in institutional repository (IR) projects? And how do IRs and the availability of open access journals affect library purchasing decisions? Those were…

Kaser, Dick

2009-01-01

232

In Russia, a Model Program Reunites Research and Academe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scientific research has traditionally been left to professionals in Russia. Here, though, graduates and undergraduates work alongside established scientists from different fields, on modern equipment. Some even earn enough money to support themselves. The students have been given this chance under a joint program of the United States and Russia…

MacWilliams, Bryon

2007-01-01

233

Commercialization of products and licensing of technologies from academic researches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering education is facing an ever-increased challenge, i.e. the balance of teaching values and commercial interests. It has four social measures to be closely investigated; they are knowledge transfer, the output of qualified engineers, excellent research, and industrial impact. When an engineering institute executes its integrated approach for improving the social measures, a clear strategy is required. The authors would

Y.-S. Ma; G. A. Britton; S. B. Tor

234

Sustainability Accounting Courses, Talloires Declaration and Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this article is to identify the offering and nature (scope) of sustainability accounting courses at universities that have signed the Talloires Declaration and also at universities with prominent sustainability accounting researchers' affiliations. For this purpose a university web sites content analysis for sustainability…

Khan, Tehmina

2013-01-01

235

In Russia, a Model Program Reunites Research and Academe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientific research has traditionally been left to professionals in Russia. Here, though, graduates and undergraduates work alongside established scientists from different fields, on modern equipment. Some even earn enough money to support themselves. The students have been given this chance under a joint program of the United States and Russia…

MacWilliams, Bryon

2007-01-01

236

Ethnography as Method, Methodology, and "Deep Theorizing" Closing the Gap between Text and Context in Academic Writing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article critically explores the value of ethnography for enhancing context-sensitive approaches to the study of academic writing. Drawing on data from two longitudinal studies, student writing in the United Kingdom and professional academic writing in Hungary, Slovakia, Spain, and Portugal, the author illustrates the different contributions…

Lillis, Theresa

2008-01-01

237

Extending VIVO Ontology to Represent Research and Educational Resources in an Academic Biomedical Informatics Department.  

PubMed

The increasing need for interdisciplinary team sciences makes it vital for academic research departments to publicize their research and educational resources as part of "linked data" on the semantic web to facilitate research networking and recruitment. We extended an open-source ontology, VIVO, to represent the research and educational resources in an academic biomedical informatics department to enable ontology-based information storage and retrieval. Using participatory design methods, we surveyed representative types of visitors to the department web site to understand their information needs, and incorporated these needs into the ontology design. We added 114 classes and 186 properties to VIVO. Generalizability and scalability are the measures used in our theoretical evaluation. PMID:23920980

Nakikj, Drashko; Weng, Chunhua

2013-01-01

238

Word processing as an assistive technology tool for enhancing academic outcomes of students with writing disabilities in the general classroom.  

PubMed

This study investigated the use of a word processor for enhancing the academic outcomes of three students with writing disabilities in a junior high school. A single-subject ABAB design was used to compare academic output produced during class time with and without a computer equipped with a word processor. The number of spelling errors, the number of reading errors, and the number of words used per text were counted, and the overall structure and organization of text were examined across all in-class materials. The data demonstrated a clear difference between handwritten and computer phases. In traditional paper-and-pencil phases, students produced outcomes that had more spelling mistakes, more reading errors, and lower overall quality of organization and structure in comparison with the phases in which a computer equipped with a word processor was used. The results did not indicate any noticeable difference in the number of words per text. Implications and future research directions are discussed. PMID:15493236

Hetzroni, Orit E; Shrieber, Betty

239

PSI: The Dutch Academic Infrastructure for shared biobanks for translational research  

PubMed Central

Translational research requires large patient populations. A single research institute is not able to build up such a population in a short period of time. The String of Pearls Initiative (in Dutch “Parelsnoer Initiatief”, PSI) is a joint effort by the eight academic medical centers in the Netherlands to built an infrastructure for joint biobanking as to meet this challenge of establishing large collections of data and samples in relevant medical domains.

Talmon, Jan L.; Ros', Maurits G.; Legemate, Dink A.

2008-01-01

240

The Proliferation of CSR from Two Professional Perspectives: Academic Researchers and Consultants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Despite the significant research in the field of CSR over the past few years, scarce attention has been paid to the recent\\u000a popularization of CSR. Building on new-institutional arguments this chapter both contributes to a theoretical discussion about\\u000a the role of actors that spread ideas about corporate behaviour as well as with empirical insights from academic researchers\\u000a and consultants in

Karolina Windell

241

Academic public health research and development in England, 2000–01: capacity, capability and concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

To ensure delivery of public health, research is needed on the impact of social, economic, environmental and service-related influences on population health and well-being. This paper reports on a study of the current level of medical and non-medical academic public health R&D capacity, capability and concerns in England. A web-based quantitative survey ascertained details of staff, postgraduate students and research

Philip Milner; Willm Mistral; Louise Brown; Jill Weeden

2004-01-01

242

Rural Community-Academic Partnership Model for Community Engagement and Partnered Research.  

PubMed

Background: A rural community-academic partnership was developed in 1997 between the Eastern Shore Area Health Education Center (ESAHEC) and the University of Maryland School of Medicine's (UMSOM) Office of Policy and Planning (OPP). The model supports partnered research, bidirectional interactions, and community and health professional education. Objectives: The primary aim was to develop a sustainable community-academic partnership that addressed health and social issues on the rural Eastern Shore. Lessons Learned: Mutual respect and trust led to sustained, bidirectional interactions and communication. Community and academic partner empowerment were supported by shared grant funds. Continual refinement of the partnership and programs occurred in response to community input and qualitative and quantitative research. Results: The partnership led to community empowerment, increased willingness to participate in clinical trials and biospecimen donation, leveraged grant funds, partnered research, and policies to support health and social interventions. Conclusions: This partnership model has significant benefits and demonstrates its relevance for addressing complex rural health issues. Innovative aspects of the model include shared university grants, community inclusion on research protocols, bidirectional research planning and research ethics training of partners and communities. The model is replicable in other rural areas of the United States. PMID:24056510

Baquet, Claudia R; Bromwell, Jeanne L; Hall, Margruetta B; Frego, Jacob F

2013-01-01

243

Policies of Academic Medical Centers for Disclosing Conflicts of Interest to Potential Research Participants  

PubMed Central

Many professional organizations and governmental bodies recommend disclosing financial conflicts of interest to potential research participants. Three possible goals of such disclosures are to inform the decision making of potential research participants, to protect against liability, and to deter conflicts of interest. We reviewed US academic medical centers' policies regarding the disclosure of conflicts of interest in research. Forty-eight percent mentioned disclosing conflicts to potential research participants. Of those, 58% included verbatim language that could be used in informed consent documents. Considerable variability exists concerning the specific information that should be disclosed. Most of the institutions' policies are consistent with the goal of protection from legal liability.

Weinfurt, Kevin P.; Dinan, Michaela A.; Allsbrook, Jennifer S.; Friedman, Joelle Y.; Hall, Mark A.; Schulman, Kevin A.; Sugarman, Jeremy

2007-01-01

244

Enhancing Biological Understanding through Undergraduate Field Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a PEET (Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy) project designed for undergraduate biology students at Boston University's College of General Studies. Reports that the project used a small group field research setting, facilitating critical thinking skills and group dynamics. Discusses the issue of how to introduce and…

Hammer, Samuel

2001-01-01

245

Enhancing Engineering Education through Undergraduate Research Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in the University of the Philippines, Diliman requires its undergraduate students to take a course where they will do an undergraduate research project. This paper presents the history of the course, the way the course is handled, and how the course can enhance engineering education. The objective of the course is for the

Joel Reyes Noche

2001-01-01

246

A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research on the Meaning and Characteristics of Mentoring in Academic Medicine  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Mentorship is perceived to play a significant role in the career development and productivity of academic clinicians, but little is known about the characteristics of mentorship. This knowledge would be useful for those developing mentorship programs. OBJECTIVE To complete a systematic review of the qualitative literature to explore and summarize the development, perceptions and experiences of the mentoring relationship in academic medicine. DATE SOURCES Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC, Scopus and Current Contents databases from the earliest available date to December 2008. REVIEW METHODS We included studies that used qualitative research methodology to explore the meaning and characteristics of mentoring in academic medicine. Two investigators independently assessed articles for relevance and study quality, and extracted data using standardized forms. No restrictions were placed on the language of articles. RESULTS A total of 8,487 citations were identified, 114 full text articles were assessed, and 9 articles were selected for review. All studies were conducted in North America, and most focused on the initiation and cultivation phases of the mentoring relationship. Mentoring was described as a complex relationship based on mutual interests, both professional and personal. Mentees should take an active role in the formation and development of mentoring relationships. Good mentors should be sincere in their dealings with mentees, be able to listen actively and understand mentees' needs, and have a well-established position within the academic community. Some of the mentoring functions aim at the mentees’ academic growth and others at personal growth. Barriers to mentoring and dysfunctional mentoring can be related to personal factors, relational difficulties and structural/institutional barriers. CONCLUSIONS Successful mentoring requires commitment and interpersonal skills of the mentor and mentee, but also a facilitating environment at academic medicine's institutions. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11606-009-1165-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Sambunjak, Dario; Marusic, Ana

2009-01-01

247

Spinouts from academic institutions: a literature review with suggestions for further research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive literature review of the phenomenon of spinouts from academic institutions. We systematically\\u000a identified spinout papers in key management journals, categorised the literature and critically synthesised the findings.\\u000a We present the findings of each literature stream in turn and also identify inconsistencies and directions for further research.\\u000a We conclude that while the early literature has been

Djordje Djokovic; Vangelis Souitaris

2008-01-01

248

The Hay and the Carrot: A Model of Corporate Sponsoring of Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a moral hazard model with relationship-speci?c investment (?hay?) and limited liability (no ?stick?), we compare two institutional regimes: one without, and one with, ex-post incentives (?carrot?). We examine the welfare implications of introducing ?carrots?. We use this model to analyze corporate sponsoring of academic research. Under restrictive technological assumptions, the introduction of carrots meets certain ciency criteria and cannot

Ralph Bayer; Eran Binenbaum

2005-01-01

249

USING INTERNET-BASED SURVEYS FOR ACADEMIC RESEARCH: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROBLEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a preliminary investigation of the use of Internet-Base d Surveys, also called E-Surveys, as tools for academic research. A brief review of existing literature is included. An introductory analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of this method of data collection are discussed, and details of an Internet- Based Survey, which investigated and evaluated current involvement in e-commerce,

Narcyz Roztocki

2001-01-01

250

Supporting Academic Improvement among Eighth Graders at Risk for Retention: An Action Research Intervention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recent changes in the field of school counseling have called for professional school counselors to provide evidence of the effect their work has on the academic success of their students. This article presents the findings of a multi-faceted action research intervention designed to help students at risk for retention. Findings indicate that students participating in the intervention did improve their grades. Implications for school counselors wanting to lead such programs are discussed.

Mason, E. C.; Mcmahon, H. G.

2009-01-01

251

Big Questions, Small Works, Lots of Layers: Documentary Video Production and the Teaching of Academic Research and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Documentary movie making is not academic writing. Nor is it traditional academic research. However, I have found it to be a remarkable vehicle for teaching both of these things...each semester I am amazed and humbled by the creativity and sincerity that my students bring to their work.|

Halbritter, Bump; Blon, Noah; Creighton, Caron

2011-01-01

252

Use of e-books in an academic and research environment : A case study from the Indian Institute of Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the use and usability of e-books from the perspectives of users in an academic and research environment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study involved an e-mail questionnaire to survey researchers in the academic and research environment of the Indian Institute of Science regarding their use of e-books. Findings – The responses indicated

K. T. Anuradha; H. S. Usha

2006-01-01

253

A hospital nursing research enhancement model.  

PubMed

Evidence-based practice is fundamental to nursing, yet there are many reports in the literature of the difficulty associated with incorporating research activity that leads to evidence-based practice into daily practice. This study used a hospital-based research enhancement model (HREM) to plan, develop, and implement a research outreach ward-based seminar (ROWS) program and evaluate its effectiveness as a means for nurses to increase their knowledge and capacity in research and evidence-based practice. A survey was used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data for evaluation of the program. A total of 78 evaluations were returned after ROWS attendance. Three main themes from the survey were explored. These include accessibility of research, appreciation and application of research, and training in research. The results suggested that nurses are interested in participating in research activities, including projects, best practice forums, journal clubs, and seminars. The HREM can address some common barriers to an evidence-based practice culture and the application of evidence-based practice within nursing. J Contin Educ Nurs 2013;44(10):447-454. PMID:23937071

Edward, Karen-Leigh; Mills, Cally

2013-08-08

254

Australian university research commercialisation: perceptions of technology transfer specialists and science and technology academics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian governments in recent years have invested substantially in innovation and research commercialisation with the aim of enhancing international economic competitiveness, making research findings more readily available to research users, and supporting economic and social development. Although there have been a number of evaluations of Australia's research commercialisation, judgements about the performance of universities are somewhat contradictory and to date

Grant Harman

2010-01-01

255

Innovation in biotechnology: moving from academic research to product development--the case of biosensors.  

PubMed

The fast pace of technological change in the biotechnology industry and the market demands require continuous innovation, which, owing to the science base of the sector, derives from academic research through a transformation process that converts science-oriented knowledge to marketable products. There appear to be some inherent difficulties in transforming directly the knowledge output of academic research to industrial use. The purpose of this article is to examine certain transition mechanisms from monodisciplinary academic isolation (curiosity-driven and internal-worth innovation) to university-industry alliances (market-driven and public-worth innovation) through inter-organizational multidisciplinary collaboration and contextualize the analysis with the case of biosensors. While the majority of literature on the subject studies the channels of knowledge transfer as determinants of alliance success (transferor/transferee interactions), either from the university side (science base) or the industry side (market base), this article focuses on the transferable (technology base) and how it can be strategically modeled and managed by the industry to promote innovation. Based on the valuable lessons learnt from the biosensor paradigm, the authors argue that strategic industry choices deal primarily with the best stage/point to intersect and seize the university output, implanting the required element of marketability that will transform an idea to a viable application. The authors present a methodological approach for accelerating the knowledge transfer from the university to industry aiming at the effective transition of science to products through a business model reconfiguration. PMID:20214418

Siontorou, Christina G; Batzias, Fragiskos A

2010-06-01

256

A centralized research data repository enhances retrospective outcomes research capacity: a case report.  

PubMed

This paper describes our considerations and methods for implementing an open-source centralized research data repository (CRDR) and reports its impact on retrospective outcomes research capacity in the urology department at Columbia University. We performed retrospective pretest and post-test analyses of user acceptance, workflow efficiency, and publication quantity and quality (measured by journal impact factor) before and after the implementation. The CRDR transformed the research workflow and enabled a new research model. During the pre- and post-test periods, the department's average annual retrospective study publication rate was 11.5 and 25.6, respectively; the average publication impact score was 1.7 and 3.1, respectively. The new model was adopted by 62.5% (5/8) of the clinical scientists within the department. Additionally, four basic science researchers outside the department took advantage of the implemented model. The average proximate time required to complete a retrospective study decreased from 12 months before the implementation to <6 months after the implementation. Implementing a CRDR appears to be effective in enhancing the outcomes research capacity for one academic department. PMID:23322812

Hruby, Gregory William; McKiernan, James; Bakken, Suzanne; Weng, Chunhua

2013-01-15

257

The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Community Outreach, Academic and Research Collaboration, and Education and Support Services (IT-CARES)  

PubMed Central

Introduction The purpose of this study is to examine the role of information and communication technology (ICT) in enhancing community outreach, academic and research collaboration, and education and support services (IT-CARES) in an academic setting. Methods A survey was deployed to assess the ICT needs in an academic setting. The survey was developed using the Delphi methodology. Questionnaire development was initiated by asking key stakeholders involved in community outreach, academic, research, education, and support to provide feedback on current ICT issues and future recommendations for relevant ICT tools that would be beneficial to them in their job, and to capture current ICT issues. Participants were asked to rate the level of importance of each ICT question on five-point Likert scales. Results The survey was sent to 359 participants, including faculty, staff, and students. The total number of respondents was 96, for a 27 percent response rate. The majority of the participants (54.1 percent, n = 46) placed a high importance on learning the available research capabilities of the college. The majority of the participants placed moderate (43.5 percent, n = 37) to high importance (40 percent, n = 34) on having an intranet that could support collaborative grant writing. A majority of the participants attributed high importance to learning to interact with the online learning management system Blackboard. A majority of the participants agreed that social media should being more actively utilized for diverse activities for academic and research purposes. Conclusion The study helped to identify the current needs and challenges faced by professionals and students when interacting with ICT. More research is needed in order to effectively integrate the use of ICT in the field of higher education, especially related to the modern global public health context.

Joshi, Ashish; Meza, Jane; Costa, Sergio; Puricelli Perin, Douglas Marcel; Trout, Kate; Rayamajih, Atul

2013-01-01

258

Academic Performance Enhancement: A Qualitative Study of the Perceptions and Habits of Prescription Stimulant–Using College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the developmental implications of cognitive enhancement among college students. Data comes from interviews with a purposive sample of licit and illicit users of stimulant medications at a highly selective West Coast University. A semistructured protocol revolved around students’ habits and perceptions relating to stimulant medication use. Key findings identify academic use justifications, diversion pathways, and frames use

Ross D. Aikins

2011-01-01

259

Academic Performance Enhancement: A Qualitative Study of the Perceptions and Habits of Prescription Stimulant–Using College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

: This study explores the developmental implications of cognitive enhancement among college students. Data comes from interviews with a purposive sample of licit and illicit users of stimulant medications at a highly selective West Coast University. A semistructured protocol revolved around students’ habits and perceptions relating to stimulant medication use. Key findings identify academic use justifications, diversion pathways, and frames

Ross D. Aikins

2011-01-01

260

Using Book Clubs to Enhance Social-Emotional and Academic Learning with Urban Adolescent Females of Color  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to elucidate how book clubs can be used as a forum to enhance students' social-emotional and academic learning. The author conducted a study in a small urban high school with 2 different book clubs: The younger group consisted of 2 African American 9th graders, 2 Latina 9th graders, and 1 African American 10th…

Polleck, Jody N.

2011-01-01

261

Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs. Findings After the First Year of Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents findings, after one year of program implementation, from the Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs a two-year intervention and random assignment evaluation of adapted models of regular-school-day math an...

A. R. Black F. Doolittle P. Zhu R. Unterman R. B. Grossman

2008-01-01

262

Views of Academic and Community Partners Regarding Participant Protections and Research Integrity: A Pilot Focus Group Study  

PubMed Central

When community partners have direct interaction with human research participants, it is important to consider potential threats to participant protections and research integrity. Few studies have directly compared the views of academic and community partners. This pilot focus group study explores the views of academic partners (APs) and community partners (CPs) regarding challenges to the protection of research participants and research integrity in community-engaged research (CEnR). Data are analyzed to understand how APs and CPs define and think about ethical problems and how meaning and analysis may differ between the two groups. Findings have implications for the development of research ethics training materials for academic-community research partnerships and IRBs; best practices for CEnR; and future research on ethical issues in CEnR.

Anderson, Emily E.

2013-01-01

263

The talent process of successful academic women scientists at elite research universities in New York state  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of science in our society continues to increase, as the needs of the global culture and the problems of the world's growing populations affect resources internationally (DeLisi, 2008; Fischman, 2007; Park, 2008). The need for qualified and experienced scientists to solve complex problems is important to the future of the United States. Models of success for women in STEM disciplines are important to improve the recruitment and retention of women in academic science. This study serves as an examination of the facilitators and barriers---including external factors and internal characteristics---on the talent development process of successful women academic scientists. Since there are few studies relating specifically to the career experiences of successful women in academic science careers (Ceci & Williams, 2007; Wasserman, 2000; Xie & Shauman, 2003), a literature review was conducted that examined the (1) the gifted literature on women, including the eminence literature; (2) the higher education literature on women faculty and academic science, and (3) the literature related to the internal characteristics and external factors that influence the talent development process. The final section of the literature review includes a literature map (Creswell, 2009) outlining the major studies cited in this chapter. The conclusion, based on a critical analysis of the literature review, outlines the need for this study. The current study utilizes the framework of Gagne's differentiated talent development model for gifted individuals (Gagne, 1985, 1991) to examine the themes cited in multiple studies that influence the talent development process. Through a mixed-design methodology (Creswell, 2009) that incorporates quantitative and qualitative analysis using a survey and follow-up interviews with selected participants, this study seeks to explore the effects of internal characteristics, external influences, significant events, and experiences on the success of women scientists at elite research universities in New York. A criterion sample (n=94) was selected resulting in forty-one successful academic women scientists as the study participants, representing a response rate of 43.6%. Findings include the important roles of parents, teachers, mentors and collaborators on the talent development process of the participants. The perception of the study participants was that there were multiple facilitators to their talent development process, while few barriers were acknowledged. The most important barriers cited by participants were perceptions of institutional culture and sexism. Implications for practice in both gifted and higher education are suggested, based on the findings of the study. For gifted education, these suggestions include the need to provide parental education programs emphasizing the importance of intellectual engagement at home, providing dedicated time for science in primary education, and fostering science and mathematics opportunities, particularly for girls and young women. Stressing the importance of hard work, persistence and intelligent risk-taking are also important for encouraging girls in science. For higher education, the study provides models of success of academic women scientists, outlines the importance of mentors and collaborators, and emphasizes the critical role that institutions and departments play in facilitating or impeding women's career development as academics. The current study suggests several areas for further research to continue the exploration of the talent development influences on academic women scientists. Based on the findings of this study, recommended studies include examining the differences of generational cohorts; probing the roles of collaborators/mentor colleagues; exploring differences for women from various ethnic and racial backgrounds; replicating the current study with larger populations of women scientists; investigating the role of facilitative school environments; examining the patterns of influence of first generation successful academic women, a

Kaenzig, Lisa M.

264

Are We Covering Our Own Backyards?: An Analysis of Local Research Guides Created by Academic Business Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines local research guides created by academic business librarians to assist patrons with researching the communities (towns, cities, and regions) where their schools are located. A key finding is that only 33% of the libraries surveyed provide guides to local research, while 80% provide guides to international research. (Contains 2…

Lyons, Charles

2009-01-01

265

Academic and research capacity development in Earth observation for environmental management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sustainable environmental management is one of the key development goals of the 21st century. The importance of Earth observation (EO) for addressing current environmental problems is well recognized. Most developing countries are highly susceptible to environmental degradation; however, the capacity to monitor these changes is predominantly located in the developed world. Decades of aid and effort have been invested in capacity development (CD) with the goal of ensuring sustainable development. Academics, given their level of freedom and their wider interest in teaching and knowledge transfer, are ideally placed to act as catalyst for capacity building. In this letter, we make a novel investigation into the extent to which the EO academic research community is engaged in capacity development. Using the Web of Knowledge publication database (http://wok.mimas.ac.uk), we examined the geographical distribution of published EO related research (a) by country as object of research and (b) by authors' country of affiliation. Our results show that, while a significant proportion of EO research (44%) has developing countries as their object of research, less than 3% of publications have authors working in, or affiliated to, a developing country (excluding China, India and Brazil, which not only are countries in transition, but also have well established EO capacity). These patterns appear consistent over the past 20 years. Despite the wide awareness of the importance of CD, we show that significant progress on this front is required. We therefore propose a number of recommendations and best practices to ease collaboration and open access.

Cassells, Gemma; Woodhouse, Iain H.; Patenaude, Genevieve; Tembo, Mavuto

2011-10-01

266

The Policy Impact of Academic Research: Understanding How Social Science Researchers Affect the Policymaking Process and How They Can Increase or Tailor their Influence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic research in the social sciences influences policy decisions, but there is variation in the type and amount of influence individual pieces of research have. Research can trigger new debates, inform existing ones, and provide support for preexisting policy positions. Some research has provided the catalysts for reform, while other research has simply contributed to a large body of knowledge

Mary Sprague; Daniel Berring

267

In the Shadow of Academic Medical Centers: A Systematic Review of Urban Health Research in Baltimore City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The city of Baltimore is a typical, large, urban center in the United States with several major academic medical institutions\\u000a surrounded by disadvantaged neighborhoods with multiple poor health indices. In order to understand the extent to which academic\\u000a research agendas reflect the health concerns of Baltimore’s local population, a systematic review was conducted to identify\\u000a research about four key, health-related

Nadra C. Tyus; M. Christopher Gibbons; Karen A. Robinson; Claire Twose; Bernard Guyer

2010-01-01

268

Quality Enhancement Research Initiative in Mental Health.  

PubMed

The Veterans Administration (VA) recently introduced its Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) to facilitate the translation of best practices into usual clinical care. The Mental Health QUERI (MHQ) was charged with developing strategic plans for major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia. Twenty percent or more of VA service users are affected by 1 of these 2 disorders, disorders that often have a devastating impact on affected individuals. Despite the increasing availability of efficacious treatments for each disorder, substantial gaps remain between best practices and routine care. In this context, the MHQ identified steps critical to the success of a sustained process of rapid-cycle health care improvement for MDD and schizophrenia, including research initiatives to close gaps in knowledge of best treatment practices, demonstration projects to close gaps in practice and to expand understanding of effective strategies for implementing clinical guidelines, targeted enhancements of the VA information system, and research and dissemination initiatives to increase the availability of resources to support the accelerated incorporation of best practices into routine care. This article presents an overview of the elements in the initial MHQ strategic plans and the rationale behind them. PMID:10843272

Fischer, E P; Marder, S R; Smith, G R; Owen, R R; Rubenstein, L; Hedrick, S C; Curran, G M

2000-06-01

269

Australian University Research Commercialisation: Perceptions of Technology Transfer Specialists and Science and Technology Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Australian governments in recent years have invested substantially in innovation and research commercialisation with the aim of enhancing international economic competitiveness, making research findings more readily available to research users, and supporting economic and social development. Although there have been a number of evaluations of…

Harman, Grant

2010-01-01

270

Social Networking Sites: Evaluating and Investigating Their Use in Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers must collect and analyse new data that will enhance the body of knowledge. It is for this reason that data is of major importance to researchers. All aspects of a research project involve data, from navigating existing data, to understanding how data is used in the world and why it is important to learn to collect data and make

Fiona Redmond

2010-01-01

271

Social Networking Sites: Evaluating and Investigating their use in Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers must collect and analyse new data that will enhance the body of knowledge. It is for this reason that data is of major importance to researchers. All aspects of a research project involve data, from navigating existing data, to understanding how data is used in the world and why it is important to learn to collect data and make

Fiona Redmond

2010-01-01

272

The graduate research field choice of women in academic physics and astronomy: A pilot study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The low representation of women in physics is apparent at the undergraduate level through faculty positions. However, when looking at the percentage of PhD women graduates in the closely related field astronomy (40%) and women PhDs in physics education research (30%), it is found that those areas have higher representations of women compared to women physics PhD graduates (18%). This study seeks to understand the research subfield choice of women in academic physics and astronomy at large US research universities through in-depth interviews and a grounded theory analytical approach. Though preliminary results have not shown why women chose their graduate research field, they have shown that positive pre-college experiences are bringing these women to physics, while supportive advisors and collaboration amongst students are encouraging these women to persist.

Barthelemy, Ramón S.; Grunert, Megan L.; Henderson, Charles R.

2013-01-01

273

Creating Community-Academic Partnerships for Cancer Disparities Research and Health Promotion  

PubMed Central

To effectively attenuate cancer disparities in multiethnic, medically underserved populations, interventions must be developed collaboratively through solid community–academic partnerships and driven by community-based participatory research (CBPR). The Tampa Bay Community Cancer Network (TBCCN) has been created to identify and implement interventions to address local cancer disparities in partnership with community-based nonprofit organizations, faith-based groups, community health centers, local media, and adult literacy and education organizations. TBCCN activities and research efforts are geared toward addressing critical information and access issues related to cancer control and prevention in diverse communities in the Tampa Bay area. Such efforts include cross-cultural health promotion, screening, and awareness activities in addition to applied research projects that are rooted in communities and guided by CBPR methods. This article describes these activities as examples of partnership building to positively affect cancer disparities, promote community health, and set the stage for community-based research partnerships.

Meade, Cathy D.; Menard, Janelle M.; Luque, John S.; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah; Gwede, Clement K.

2010-01-01

274

Creating community-academic partnerships for cancer disparities research and health promotion.  

PubMed

To effectively attenuate cancer disparities in multiethnic, medically underserved populations, interventions must be developed collaboratively through solid community-academic partnerships and driven by community-based participatory research (CBPR). The Tampa Bay Community Cancer Network (TBCCN) has been created to identify and implement interventions to address local cancer disparities in partnership with community-based nonprofit organizations, faith-based groups, community health centers, local media, and adult literacy and education organizations. TBCCN activities and research efforts are geared toward addressing critical information and access issues related to cancer control and prevention in diverse communities in the Tampa Bay area. Such efforts include cross-cultural health promotion, screening, and awareness activities in addition to applied research projects that are rooted in communities and guided by CBPR methods. This article describes these activities as examples of partnership building to positively affect cancer disparities, promote community health, and set the stage for community-based research partnerships. PMID:19822724

Meade, Cathy D; Menard, Janelle M; Luque, John S; Martinez-Tyson, Dinorah; Gwede, Clement K

2009-10-12

275

“You don’t say what you know, only what you can”: The perceptions and practices of senior Spanish academics regarding research dissemination in English  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a contribution to an expanding literature on the challenges non-Anglophone academics confront in disseminating their research in English, the dominant language of international scientific communication. Drawing on a corpus of interviews with senior Spanish academics, who remain a relatively little researched academic community compared to many others, we focus on the English language publishing\\/dissemination practices of our

Carmen Pérez-Llantada; Ramón Plo; Gibson R. Ferguson

2011-01-01

276

Reservoir characterization and enhanced oil recovery research  

SciTech Connect

The research in this annual report falls into three tasks each dealing with a different aspect of enhanced oil recovery. The first task strives to develop procedures for accurately modeling reservoirs for use as input to numerical simulation flow models. This action describes how we have used a detail characterization of an outcrop to provide insights into what features are important to fluid flow modeling. The second task deals with scaling-up and modeling chemical and solvent EOR processes. In a sense this task is the natural extension of task 1 and, in fact, one of the subtasks uses many of the same statistical procedures for insight into the effects of viscous fingering and heterogeneity. The final task involves surfactants and their interactions with carbon dioxide and reservoir minerals. This research deals primarily with phenomena observed when aqueous surfactant solutions are injected into oil reservoirs.

Lake, L.W.; Pope, G.A.; Schechter, R.S.

1992-03-01

277

Nuclear reactor and materials science research: Final technical report, May 1, 1985-September 30, 1986. [Academic and research utilization of reactor  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the 17-month period of the grant, May 1, 1985 - September 30, 1986, the MIT Research Reactor (MITR-II) was operated in support of research and academic programs in the physical and life sciences and in related engineering fields. The period encompassed MIT's fiscal year utilization of the reactor during that period may be classified as follows: neutron beam tube research, nuclear materials research and development, radiochemistry and trace analysis, nuclear medicine, radiation health physics, computer control of reactors, dose reduction in nuclear power reactors, reactor irradiations and services for groups outside MIT, and MIT research reactor. This paper provides detailed information on this research academic utilization.

Harling, O.K.

1987-05-11

278

Teaching, research, and job satisfaction of prosthodontic faculty members in Indian academic dental institutions.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine prosthodontic faculty members' satisfaction with their roles of teaching, research, and service in academic dental institutions of India. The head of the prosthodontic department of each institution was informed of the study by telephone and asked to invite his or her staff members to complete a questionnaire. The questionnaire used a rating scale of 1=very dissatisfied, 2=dissatisfied, 3=neutral, 4=satisfied, and 5=very satisfied. The satisfaction score for each of the three categories was determined by summing the weights for all items related to the variable. In the study, 386 prosthodontic faculty members from 184 dental institutions were invited to participate, and 341 faculty members from 139 dental institutions completed the questionnaire. The data obtained were analyzed using statistical software. Most of the respondents were satisfied with their teaching and service items. Neutral responses were made for institutional teaching rewards, institutional financial support for research, release time offered by the institution, support for sabbatical leaves, technical assistance in analyzing data, secretarial and technical assistance, institutional research rewards, in-service training opportunities, and institutional service rewards. Dissatisfied responses were made regarding financial and academic support for making scientific presentations and attending conferences and seminars. PMID:22659708

Shigli, Kamal; Hebbal, Mamata; Nair, K Chandrasekharan

2012-06-01

279

Patenting and US academic research in the 20th century: The world before and after Bayh-Dole  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dramatic growth of patenting and licensing of publicly funded research by American research universities in the closing quarter of the 20th century has stimulated some of the highest-profile debates in science and technology policy today. The issue of what aspects of academic research should be public – and what private – lies at the heart of each of these

Bhaven N. Sampat

2006-01-01

280

Unintended consequences of cooperative research: impact of industry sponsorship on climate for academic freedom and other graduate student outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research policy community has produced a significant body of empirical research on benefits of cooperative research between industry and university. However, in spite of a lively policy debate on the subject, it has all but ignored empirical study on the “costs” or unintended consequences of these activities (e.g., erosion of academic freedom). In fact, only four empirical articles assessing

Teresa R. Behrens; Denis O. Gray

2001-01-01

281

Research grants, sources of ideas and the effects on academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a sample of research units in science and engineering at German universities, this study reports survey evidence showing that research grants impact research content. Research units that receive funds from industry are more likely to source ideas from the private sector. The higher the share of industry funding on the units’ total budget, the more likely that large

Hanna Hottenrott; Cornelia Lawson

2012-01-01

282

Research grants, sources of ideas and the effects on academic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a sample of research units in science and engineering at German universities, this study reports survey evidence showing that research grants impact research content. Research units that receive funds from industry are more likely to source ideas from the private sector. The higher the share of industry funding on the units' total budget, the more likely that large

Hanna Hottenrott; Cornelia Lawson

2012-01-01

283

Underrepresentation of underrepresented minorities in academic medicine: the need to enhance the pipeline and the pipe.  

PubMed

The number of underrepresented minorities (URMs; black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander) among US medical school faculty is markedly low when compared with their respective percent representation of the US population. Women URMs are doubly underrepresented, particularly as the academic rank advances from the instructor to the professor level, and gender discrepancies occur more prominently among white female faculty. Although the percent of white faculty has decreased over the past 5 years, the low percentage of black and Hispanic faculty has not changed proportionately. Furthermore, the 2008-2009 pipeline of URM trainees is unlikely to reverse the current trends. Several measures are suggested for consideration by medical schools and the National Institutes of Health, and recommendations that URM faculty and students may wish to consider are also discussed. The major issues to address include increasing the pipeline of predoctoral URMs, promoting the success and retention of junior URM faculty, enhancing the support of senior URM faculty to serve as needed mentors, and building a pool of URM and non-URM mentors for URM trainees. Therefore, issues pertaining to both the pipeline and the pipe need to be overcome. PMID:19944787

Merchant, Juanita L; Omary, M Bishr

2009-11-26

284

Minority Student Perceptions of the Impact of Mentoring to Enhance Academic Performance in STEM Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Benjamin Banneker Scholars Program (BBSP) was designed at an HBCU to increase the academic performance, retention, and graduation of minority students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). At the end of each academic year, students completed a BBSP Post-Program Satisfaction Survey. Each year Mentoring was consistently…

Kendricks, Kimberly D.; Nedunuri, K. V.; Arment, Anthony R.

2013-01-01

285

De-Academizing Early Childhood Research: Wanderings of a Chicana/Latina Feminist Researcher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, I frame critical questions about discourse and power when centering marginalized populations in research. This critical Chicana feminist analysis of early childhood research illuminates (a) the bifurcation of the academy and the "comunidad," (b) voice as "ilusion," (c) research as colonization, and (d) the United States' cultural…

Saavedra, Cinthya M.

2011-01-01

286

Curiosity and Commercialization: Faculty Perspectives on Sponsored Research, Academic Science and Research Agendas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Given the need to compete for sponsored research funding, do university faculty believe they retain the freedom to research what is of most interest to them? The higher education literature frequently asserts that faculty research agendas are being subjugated to the demands of sponsors. An alternate perspective, from the science studies…

Perorazio, Thomas E.

2009-01-01

287

Current state of information technologies for the clinical research enterprise across academic medical centers.  

PubMed

Information technology (IT) to support clinical research has steadily grown over the past 10 years. Many new applications at the enterprise level are available to assist with the numerous tasks necessary in performing clinical research. However, it is not clear how rapidly this technology is being adopted or whether it is making an impact upon how clinical research is being performed. The Clinical Research Forum's IT Roundtable performed a survey of 17 representative academic medical centers (AMCs) to understand the adoption rate and implementation strategies within this field. The results were compared with similar surveys from 4 and 6 years ago. We found the adoption rate for four prominent areas of IT-supported clinical research had increased remarkably, specifically regulatory compliance, electronic data capture for clinical trials, data repositories for secondary use of clinical data, and infrastructure for supporting collaboration. Adoption of other areas of clinical research IT was more irregular with wider differences between AMCs. These differences appeared to be partially due to a set of openly available applications that have emerged to occupy an important place in the landscape of clinical research enterprise-level support at AMC's. PMID:22686207

Murphy, Shawn N; Dubey, Anil; Embi, Peter J; Harris, Paul A; Richter, Brent G; Turisco, Fran; Weber, Griffin M; Tcheng, James E; Keogh, Diane

2012-02-23

288

The role of academic research in managing a transition to a sustainable biosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The world is undergoing rapid changes in human population growth, urbanization, industrial growth, the consumption of natural resources, and also in global and regional environment. How can we meet the needs of the human population of this century while at the same time sustaining the ecosystems, air, water and climate systems that we rely on for our well-being and survival? In this talk, I will explore academic research approaches that integrate science, technology, and policy for the solution of critical problems of the biosphere. I also will draw on case studies to discuss ways in which researchers can purposefully engage in the knowledge system of decision-makers in order to link knowledge to action.

Matson, P. A.

2008-12-01

289

Research Experience for Undergraduates: an International Program Enhancing Interdisciplinary Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This NSF-funded research experience for undergraduates (REU) took place in South Africa, where gold mines provided outstanding field sites to investigate biogeochemical processes in deep subsurface environments. Underrepresented minorities were encouraged to participate. Cross-disciplinary training was a major ambition for this REU Site: Biogeochemical Educational Experiences - South Africa. Students were selected from diverse academic disciplines (biology, chemistry, and geology)

S. M. Pfiffner; K. L. Davis; T. J. Phelps; T. L. Kieft; T. M. Gihring; T. C. Onstott; B. Nthangeni; L. Piater; E. van Heerden

2004-01-01

290

A novel program trains community-academic teams to build research and partnership capacity.  

PubMed

The Community-Engaged Research Team Support (CERTS) program was developed and tested to build research and partnership capacity for community-engaged research (CEnR) teams. Led by the Northwestern University Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (NUCATS), the goals of CERTS were: (1) to help community-academic teams build capacity for conducting rigorous CEnR and (2) to support teams as they prepare federal grant proposal drafts. The program was guided by an advisory committee of community and clinical partners, and representatives from Chicago's Clinical and Translational Science Institutes. Monthly workshops guided teams to write elements of NIH-style research proposals. Draft reviewing fostered a collaborative learning environment and helped teams develop equal partnerships. The program culminated in a mock-proposal review. All teams clarified their research and acquired new knowledge about the preparation of NIH-style proposals. Trust, partnership collaboration, and a structured writing strategy were assets of the CERTS approach. CERTS also uncovered gaps in resources and preparedness for teams to be competitive for federally funded grants. Areas of need include experience as principal investigators, publications on study results, mentoring, institutional infrastructure, and dedicated time for research. PMID:23751028

Winckler, Eva; Brown, Jen; Lebailly, Susan; McGee, Richard; Bayldon, Barbara; Huber, Gail; Kaleba, Erin; Lowry, Kelly Walker; Martens, Joseph; Mason, Maryann; Nuńez, Abel

2013-01-14

291

Critical Masses for Academic Research Groups and Consequences for Higher Education Research Policy and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Smaller universities may produce research which is on a par with larger, elite establishments. This is confirmed by a recently developed mathematical model, supported by data from British and French higher education research-evaluation exercises. The detailed nature of the UK system, in particular, allows quantification of the notion of critical…

Kenna, Ralph; Berche, Bertrand

2012-01-01

292

The C-MORE Scholars Program: Motivations for an Academic-Year Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) programs have been shown to be effective mechanisms to recruit undergraduate students into the sciences and also to retain them, especially as related to underrepresented students. Academic-year REU programs have numerous benefits, including participation in longer-term research projects that allow…

Gibson, Barbara A.; Bruno, Barbara C.

2012-01-01

293

Work Motivation, Job Satisfaction, and Organisational Commitment of Library Personnel in Academic and Research Libraries in Oyo State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A well-managed organization sees employees as the source of quality and productivity. This study examines the perception of work motivation in relation to job satisfaction and organizational commitment of library personnel in academic and research libraries in Oyo state, Nigeria. Two hundred library personnel (41% female, 59% male) were selected through a total enumeration sampling from five research and four

Adeyinka Tella; C. O. Ayeni; S. O. Popoola

2007-01-01

294

Mapping the Terrain of Mid-Career Faculty at a Research University: Implications for Faculty and Academic Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mid-career faculty comprise the largest component of the academic workforce. But what do people really know about them? What do they experience? What are their needs? In contrast to the large and growing body of empirical research on their early-career colleagues, the research on them is far from robust, offering relatively few suggestions for…

Baldwin, Roger; DeZure, Deborah; Shaw, Allyn; Moretto, Kristin

2008-01-01

295

Exploring ourselves : Exploiting and resisting gendered identities of women academics in accounting and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to examine gendered identities of women academics by exploring the interplay and exploitation of internal and external, personal and academic, identities. The paper also considers the relative prioritisation of the three main academic activities of teaching, research, and administration, in which an enhanced emphasis on research performance, as opposed to teaching and

Kathryn Haynes; Anne Fearfull

2008-01-01

296

Validity of Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators at an academic medical center.  

PubMed

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality developed Patient Safety Indicators (PSI) to screen for in-hospital complications and patient safety events through International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification coding. The purpose of this study was to validate 10 common surgically related PSIs at our academic medical center and investigate the causes for inaccuracies. We reviewed patient records between October 2011 and September 2012 at our urban academic medical center for 10 common surgically related PSIs. The records were reviewed for incorrectly identified PSIs and a subset was further reviewed for the contributing factors. There were 93,169 charts analyzed for PSIs and 358 PSIs were identified (3.84 per 1000 cases). The overall positive predictive value (PPV) was 83 per cent (95% confidence interval 79 to -86%). The lowest PPVs were associated with catheter-related bloodstream infections (67%), postoperative respiratory failure (71%), and pressure ulcers (79%). The most common contributing factors for incorrect PSIs were coding errors (30%), documentation errors (19%), and insufficient criteria for PSI in the chart (16%). We conclude that the validity of PSIs is low and could be improved by increased education for clinicians and coders. In their current form, PSIs remain suboptimal for widespread use in public reporting and pay-for-performance evaluation. PMID:23711266

Ramanathan, Rajesh; Leavell, Patricia; Stockslager, Gregory; Mays, Catherine; Harvey, Dale; Duane, Therese M

2013-06-01

297

Words fail us: how academics view language and ideas in higher education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language can provide an entrée into an academic discipline, but can also serve as a barrier to exclude newcomers. How does this apply to academic developers trying to promote teaching and learning on their campuses? Using an online survey, academics at two institutions in the UK and USA were asked to describe their typical and ideal reading in their disciplines

David A. Green

2010-01-01

298

Distribution of academic research funds: a case of Japanese national research grant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on a database of the competitive research funds in the Japanese academia, this study examines the distribution of\\u000a research grants at the university and individual levels. The data indicates high inequality at the university level and slightly\\u000a lower inequality at the individual level. Over the last three decades, the total grant budget has greatly increased and an\\u000a increasing number

Sotaro Shibayama

2011-01-01

299

How Are Academic Age, Productivity and Collaboration Related to Citing Behavior of Researchers?  

PubMed Central

References are an essential component of research articles and therefore of scientific communication. In this study we investigate referencing (citing) behavior in five diverse fields (astronomy, mathematics, robotics, ecology and economics) based on 213,756 core journal articles. At the macro level we find: (a) a steady increase in the number of references per article over the period studied (50 years), which in some fields is due to a higher rate of usage, while in others reflects longer articles and (b) an increase in all fields in the fraction of older, foundational references since the 1980s, with no obvious change in citing patterns associated with the introduction of the Internet. At the meso level we explore current (2006–2010) referencing behavior of different categories of authors (21,562 total) within each field, based on their academic age, productivity and collaborative practices. Contrary to some previous findings and expectations we find that senior researchers use references at the same rate as their junior colleagues, with similar rates of re-citation (use of same references in multiple papers). High Modified Price Index (MPI, which measures the speed of the research front more accurately than the traditional Price Index) of senior authors indicates that their research has the similar cutting-edge aspect as that of their younger colleagues. In all fields both the productive researchers and especially those who collaborate more use a significantly lower fraction of foundational references and have much higher MPI and lower re-citation rates, i.e., they are the ones pushing the research front regardless of researcher age. This paper introduces improved bibliometric methods to measure the speed of the research front, disambiguate lead authors in co-authored papers and decouple measures of productivity and collaboration.

Milojevic, Stasa

2012-01-01

300

Research Motives of Faculty in Academic STEM: Measurement Invariance of the Research Motivation Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the psychometric properties of the Research Motivation Scale (RMS) in a sample of faculty members (N = 337) in university science departments. It was hypothesized that the RMS would evidence partial measurement invariance across tenure status and noninvariance across gender, given the different sociocultural factors (e.g.,…

Deemer, Eric D.; Mahoney, Kevin T.; Ball, Jacqueline Hebert

2012-01-01

301

Academic Productivity as Perceived by Malaysian Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research is to explore the perspectives of Malaysian academics in relation to academic productivity and some factors affecting it. A large scale online questionnaire was used to gather information from six public universities. The most productive role in the eyes of the academics was found to be teaching, with research and…

Hassan, Aminuddin; Tymms, Peter; Ismail, Habsah

2008-01-01

302

Nuclear reactor and materials science research: Final technical report, May 1, 1985September 30, 1986. [Academic and research utilization of reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the 17-month period of the grant, May 1, 1985 - September 30, 1986, the MIT Research Reactor (MITR-II) was operated in support of research and academic programs in the physical and life sciences and in related engineering fields. The period encompassed MIT's fiscal year utilization of the reactor during that period may be classified as follows: neutron beam tube

Harling

1987-01-01

303

How Can Teachers Increase Classroom Use of Academic Vocabulary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose for this action research study was to answer the question: "How can we enhance students' active engagement with academic vocabulary in social studies classes?" In this article, the authors share the strategies they developed through their research that proved most effective in engaging middle school students with active academic

Larson, Lisa; Dixon, Temoca; Townsend, Dianna

2013-01-01

304

Academic Research Equipment in the Physical and Computer Sciences and Engineering. An Analysis of Findings from Phase I of the National Science Foundation's National Survey of Academic Research Instruments and Instrumentation Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents information from phase I of a survey designed to develop quantitative indicators of the current national stock, cost/investment, condition, obsolescence, utilization, and need for major research instruments in academic settings. Data for phase I (which focused on the physical and computer sciences and engineering) were…

Burgdorf, Kenneth; White, Kristine

305

Experiential Learning and Research Ethics: Enhancing Knowledge through Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can instructors use experiential learning strategies to enhance student understanding of research ethics and responsible research conduct? In this article, the authors review literature on using experiential learning to teach research ethics and responsible research conduct. They present a three-step exercise for teaching research ethics and…

Teixeira-Poit, Stephanie M.; Cameron, Abigail E.; Schulman, Michael D.

2011-01-01

306

Research on ESPI image enhancement technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI) technology is used for non-contact measurement. However, original ESPI images are with fluent speckle noise, which leads to low ratio of signal-to-noise. Both reducing the speckle noise and preserve the fringe pattern are important in EPSI image enhancement. Nowadays the partial differential equation method is widely used for EPSI image enhancement. It has advantages that can reduce speckle noise and protect the edge of fringe pattern. By discussing the factors of this method, comparing the enhancement results, we try to give out conclusion that the best choice for EPSI image enhancement applications.

Wu, Di; Dai, Lei; Yu, Chang-song

2013-09-01

307

California Cancer Registry Enhancement for Breast Cancer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project was to enhance the value of the California Cancer Registry (CCR) as a research tool for clinicians and epidemiologists interested in conducting breast cancer research. The objectives of the project were to: (1) classify breast ...

W. Wright

1999-01-01

308

California Cancer Registry Enhancement for Breast Cancer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project is to enhance the value of the California Cancer Registry as a research tool for clinicians and epidemiologists interested in conducting breast cancer research. The objectives of the project are to: (1) classify breast cancers ...

W. Wright

1997-01-01

309

Structural Equation Models of Management and Decision-Making Styles with Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Malaysian Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the effect of management and decision-making styles on the job satisfaction of academic staff in a Malaysian Research University. Design/methodology/approach: The sample consisted of 218 respondents. The instruments used in the study were the Teacher Job Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Decision…

Amzat, Ismail Hussein; Idris, Datuk Abdul Rahman

2012-01-01

310

Negotiation on the Assessment of Research Articles with Academic Reviewers: Application of Peer-Review Approach of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor…

Kumar, Prashant; Rafiq, Imran; Imam, Boulent

2011-01-01

311

A Study on the Measurement of Job-Related Stress among Women Academics in Research Universities of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study intends to gain an understanding of the sources of stress among women academics in research universities of China. Studies have shown that, compared with their male counterparts, women report higher level of stress in work/family conflicts, gender barriers and career development. Based on the results of this study, the following…

Zhang, Lili

2010-01-01

312

Half Empty or Half Full? Staffing Trends in Academic Libraries at U.S. Research Universities, 2000-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is a quantitative analysis of FTE staffing levels at academic libraries at 176 U.S. research universities between 2000 and 2008. Results showed that overall staffing levels at these libraries declined but that the average number of professional librarian FTE positions modestly increased. Other professional staff positions increased at…

Stewart, Christopher

2010-01-01

313

Half Empty or Half Full? Staffing Trends in Academic Libraries at U.S. Research Universities, 2000–2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a quantitative analysis of FTE staffing levels at academic libraries at 176 U.S. research universities between 2000 and 2008. Results showed that overall staffing levels at these libraries declined but that the average number of professional librarian FTE positions modestly increased. Other professional staff positions increased at a significantly higher rate than librarian positions. In addition, a

Christopher Stewart

2010-01-01

314

A research framework for the study of a campus-wide Web-based academic instruction project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of the Internet as an instructional tool in higher education is rapidly increasing. The author provides a research framework for the study of campus-wide academic instruction using the Web. This framework consists of three levels: (a) the macro level, which focuses on the diffusion process of the Internet on the campus instruction from the institutional perspective; (b) the

Rafi Nachmias

2002-01-01

315

Review of Experimental Research on Academic Learning by Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability in General Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the literature on academic learning in general education settings for students with moderate and severe intellectual disability was conducted. A total of 17 experimental studies was identified and evaluated using quality indicators for single-case design research. Studies that met or met with reservation the criteria established for…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.; Wood, Leah A.

2013-01-01

316

Academic Oligarchy and Higher Education Research. Implications for the Reform of Institutions of Higher Education in Austria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the higher education reform discussion in Austria which led to major system reorganization in 1993. It is noted that a previous academic oligarchy played a central role because a high proportion of university faculty also served in the parliament. Research on higher education played little part in reform because few studies were…

Leitner, Erich

1999-01-01

317

Relationship between news media coverage of medical research and academic medical centers and people volunteering for clinical trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

In academic medical centers an untested assumption is that positive media attention aids recruitment of patients into a medical study while negative news reporting is damaging. In this study we examine associations between the amount of newspaper coverage concerning medical research and the number of people who volunteer, and the positive or negative content of the reporting. We find evidence

Gary Mans; Christopher Stream

2006-01-01

318

Contacts by Distressed Individuals to UK Parapsychology and Anomalous Experience Academic Research Units - A Retrospective Survey Looking to the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on two studies motivated by concerns over contacts by distressed individuals to academic parapsychology units, and the implications of this for their mental health. In light of current research on the benefits of early identification and intervention in psychosis, a retrospective survey of records of distressed contacts to UK units and an interview study with units' staff

Claudia Coelho; Ian Tierney; Peter Lamont

319

The Ethics of Science and/as Research: Deconstruction and the Orientations of a New Academic Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principle of reason "as principle of grounding, foundation or institution" has tended to guide the science of research toward techno-practical ends. From this epistemic superintendence of the terms of knowledge and inquiry, there has arisen the traditional notion of academic responsibility that is tied to the pursuit of truth via a conception…

Trifonas, Peter

2003-01-01

320

Review of Experimental Research on Academic Learning by Students with Moderate and Severe Intellectual Disability in General Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature on academic learning in general education settings for students with moderate and severe intellectual disability was conducted. A total of 17 experimental studies was identified and evaluated using quality indicators for single-case design research. Studies that met or met with reservation the criteria established for…

Hudson, Melissa E.; Browder, Diane M.; Wood, Leah A.

2013-01-01

321

Enhancing Academic Performance and Social and Emotional Competence with the RULER Feeling Words Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pre- and post-test quasi-experimental design was used to test the impact of a 30-week, theoretically-based social and emotional learning (SEL) curriculum, The RULER Feeling Words Curriculum ("RULER"), on the academic performance and social and emotional competence of 5th and 6th grade students (N = 273) in fifteen classrooms in three schools.…

Brackett, Marc A.; Rivers, Susan E.; Reyes, Maria R.; Salovey, Peter

2012-01-01

322

Enhancing Academic Engagement: Providing Opportunities for Responding and Influencing Students to Choose to Respond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although educators often provide opportunities for students to engage in active academic responding, in many situations, students either cannot or will not respond. In the current article, we analyze the reasons students fail to respond. Practical procedures educators can use to prevent "can't do" problems are provided. "Won't do" problems are…

Skinner, Christopher H.; Pappas, Danielle N.; Davis, Kai A.

2005-01-01

323

Academic Advising and Counseling: A Computer Assisted Enhancement. AIR Forum Paper 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The features of a new academic advising program at Bentley College, Massachusetts, are described, and the results of a faculty evaluation of the new program are presented. Incoming freshmen are assigned a faculty adviser, who is also one of their classroom instructors. The adviser is provided advising information for each advisee each semester on…

Ehl, C. C.

324

Purdue Signals: Mining Real-Time Academic Data to Enhance Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses how Purdue University is changing the academic behavior of struggling students. At Purdue, they've developed Signals as a means of helping students better understand where they stand gradewise early enough so that they can seek help and raise their grade or drop the course without the penalty of a failing grade. They knew…

Pistilli, Matthew D.; Arnold, Kimberly E.

2010-01-01

325

Using Cooperative Learning to Enhance the Academic and Social Experiences of Freshman Student Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred seven freshman student athletes in 17 different women's and men's intercollegiate sports were required to attend evening study sessions. The student athletes completed academic assignments and studied for tests primarily in cooperative learning groups. As gauges of the program's impact on the participants, 3 questionnaires were administered to a sample of 50 (25 women and 25 men). The

Bruce S. Dudley; David W. Johnson; Roger T. Johnson

1997-01-01

326

Assessing the impact of biomedical research in academic institutions of disparate sizes  

PubMed Central

Background The evaluation of academic research performance is nowadays a priority issue. Bibliometric indicators such as the number of publications, total citation counts and h-index are an indispensable tool in this task but their inherent association with the size of the research output may result in rewarding high production when evaluating institutions of disparate sizes. The aim of this study is to propose an indicator that may facilitate the comparison of institutions of disparate sizes. Methods The Modified Impact Index (MII) was defined as the ratio of the observed h-index (h) of an institution over the h-index anticipated for that institution on average, given the number of publications (N) it produces i.e. (? and ? denote the intercept and the slope, respectively, of the line describing the dependence of the h-index on the number of publications in log10 scale). MII values higher than 1 indicate that an institution performs better than the average, in terms of its h-index. Data on scientific papers published during 2002–2006 and within 36 medical fields for 219 Academic Medical Institutions from 16 European countries were used to estimate ? and ? and to calculate the MII of their total and field-specific production. Results From our biomedical research data, the slope ? governing the dependence of h-index on the number of publications in biomedical research was found to be similar to that estimated in other disciplines (?0.4). The MII was positively associated with the average number of citations/publication (r = 0.653, p < 0.001), the h-index (r = 0.213, p = 0.002), the number of publications with ? 100 citations (r = 0.211, p = 0.004) but not with the number of publications (r = -0.020, p = 0.765). It was the most highly associated indicator with the share of country-specific government budget appropriations or outlays for research and development as % of GDP in 2004 (r = 0.229) followed by the average number of citations/publication (r = 0.153) whereas the corresponding correlation coefficient for the h-index was close to 0 (r = 0.029). MII was calculated for first 10 top-ranked European universities in life sciences and biomedicine, as provided by Times Higher Education ranking system, and their total and field-specific performance was compared. Conclusion The MII should complement the use of h-index when comparing the research output of institutions of disparate sizes. It has a conceptual interpretation and, with the data provided here, can be computed for the total research output as well as for field-specific publication sets of institutions in biomedicine.

Sypsa, Vana; Hatzakis, Angelos

2009-01-01

327

Towards Sustainable Research Capacity Development and Research Ownership for Academic Institutes in Developing Countries: The Malawian Research Support Centre Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In lesser-developed African countries, the lack of institutionalised support for research, combined with limited career opportunities and poor remuneration, have contributed to weak research infrastructure and capacity, and a continuing brain drain to developed countries. Malawi's Research Support Centre (RSC) model is novel in that it provides a…

Gomo, Exnevia; Kalilani, Linda; Mwapasa, Victor; Trigu, Chifundo; Phiri, Kamija; Schmidt, Joann; van Hensbroek, Michael Boele

2011-01-01

328

To What Extent Is Academic Entrepreneurship Taken for Granted within Research Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We test the hypothesis that academic entrepreneurship, resisted in the past by some as being in conflict with the long-standing Mertonian norms of open science and free enquiry, has now become widely accepted within the academy, or "taken for granted", as an institutional shift. Using responses to a series of attitudinal questions about academic

Goldstein, Harvey A.

2010-01-01

329

Scaling up: Taking the Academic Pathways of People Learning Engineering Survey (APPLES) National. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Academic Pathways of People Learning Engineering Survey (APPLES) was deployed for a second time in spring 2008 to undergraduate engineering students at 21 US universities. The goal of the second deployment of APPLES was to corroborate and extend findings from the Academic Pathways Study (APS; 2003-2007) and the first deployment of APPLES…

Donaldson, Krista M.; Chen, Helen L.; Toye, George; Clark, Mia; Sheppard, Sheri D.

2008-01-01

330

From Engagement to Impact? Articulating the Public Value of Academic Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews recent culture-change in British higher education (HE) and an increasing emphasis on academics evidencing, in meaningful and measurable ways, the value and contribution of their work to national societies. Discussion focuses on what is purported to be a shift from a focus on academics rationalizing the benefits of their work in…

Watermeyer, Richard

2012-01-01

331

Quality assessment of marine geoscience data collected with the U.S. academic oceanographic research fleet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Marine science data collected using the U.S. academic research fleet support a diverse array of investigations across the ocean sciences, targeting important questions ranging from the impacts of global change on ocean chemistry and ecosystems, to the structure and dynamics of ocean circulation, to the nature of volcanic and earthquake processes at the global plate boundaries. Each vessel within the academic fleet is equipped with a suite of sensors (geophysical, water column, and meteorological) available for continuous operation during each expedition, that provide characterization of basic environmental conditions from sea surface to subseafloor. Given the vast expanse of the oceans, many expeditions collect data in previously unexplored regions and these data are of high value for later re-use to build global syntheses, climatologies, and historical time series of ocean properties. Understanding the quality of these "underway" data streams is essential for any of these science applications. However, documentation of data quality is rare and historically, routine quality assessment (QA) of these data streams has been lacking. In most cases, QA has been the domain of the science party for each expedition but limited to the data types of interest for the scientific goals of the specific program, with the quality of other underway data types remaining unassessed. Under the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program, QA of sensor data collected across the academic fleet will be routinely conducted as part of the R2R data pipeline that begins with the submission of cruise data distributions by ship operators. R2R will assemble datasets and documentation, and perform QA for submission to the NOAA National Data Centers (NDCs) for long-term archiving. The goals of the QA are two fold: 1. To provide feedback to shipboard operators to ensure that high quality data are consistently acquired, and 2. To inform future science users of the status of a field data set with detailed information regarding the nature of any problems identified. A wide array of factors impact the quality of data collected at sea, including weather conditions (e.g. winds, sea state), instrument functioning, and operator controlled settings and calibrations. Some data quality issues are best identified visually, but with the volume and diversity of data collected across the research fleet, QA is focused on tests that can be fully scripted. QA tests fall into two general categories: 1. minimal tests of the validity of a submitted data set (existence and validity of the metadata, and verification that all expected data files exist and can be read) and 2. data file level tests (each file can be read, data values are within valid limits, and calculation of statistical quality). Output of the QA is provided as a quality report included within an ISO standard data set metadata record, which is submitted with the data set to the NDCs for long-term archiving.

Carbotte, S. M.; O'hara, S. H.; Ferrini, V.; Arko, R. A.; Morton, J. J.; Sweeney, A. D.; Clark, D.; Miller, S. P.; Stocks, K.; Chandler, C. L.; Maffei, A. R.; Smith, S. R.; Bourassa, M. A.

2011-12-01

332

Embedding research activities to enhance student learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper's novel, research-oriented approach is to embed research-based activities in a core second-year course of a university business degree program to support and develop student research capabilities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The design draws on Boud and Prosser's work to foster participation in a learner-centred, discipline-based approach. Activities rely on technology supports and mixed delivery modes

Cynthia M. Webster; Jacqueline Kenney

2011-01-01

333

Create learning communities to enhance success for students with diverse academic preparation background  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning communities have been demonstrated to improve student success, particularly for first-time, first-year students making the transition from high school to college. At Western Michigan University (WMU) College of Engineering and Applied Sciences (CEAS), the challenge to creating learning communities is the diverse academic preparation background of the first-time, first-year students, as indicated in the first-semester mathematics placement. Another challenge

Edmund Tsang; Cynthia Halderson

2008-01-01

334

Short-answer questions and formula scoring separately enhance dental student academic performance.  

PubMed

In this study, numerical course scores of second-year dental students in four successive classes in an oral and maxillofacial pathology course were compared. While the course content and teaching methods were essentially unchanged throughout the four years, two modest departures from the sole use of multiple-choice format questions were made in the assessment of student achievements. The modifications consisted of creating a more challenging examination procedure through the inclusion of un-cued short-answer format questions and the institution of correction-for-guessing scoring on multiple-choice examinations. Academically, the students in the four classes were comparable, as indicated by their respective numerical course score distributions in a prerequisite general pathology course in which the course content was unchanged, and all multiple-choice format questions were used to assess student academic achievements. This four-year study demonstrated that two qualitative changes in the educational environment-utilization of un-cued short-answer questions and correction for guessing scoring of multiple-choice questions-separately resulted in significant improvements in student course scores. Our results support the notion that, without any changes in curricular content or emphasis, combinations of qualitative changes in the assessment procedures alter student behavior and, as a consequence, appreciably improve their academic achievements. PMID:22550108

Pinckard, R Neal; McMahan, C Alex; Prihoda, Thomas J; Littlefield, John H; Jones, Anne Cale

2012-05-01

335

Enhancing research capacity across healthcare and higher education sectors: development and evaluation of an integrated model  

PubMed Central

Background With current policy in healthcare research, in the United Kingdom and internationally, focused on development of research excellence in individuals and teams, building capacity for implementation and translation of research is paramount among the professionals who use that research in daily practice. The judicious use of research outcomes and evaluation of best evidence and practice in healthcare is integrally linked to the research capacity and capabilities of the workforce. In addition to promoting high quality research, mechanisms for actively enhancing research capacity more generally must be in place to address the complexities that both undermine and facilitate this activity. Methods A comprehensive collaborative model for building research capacity in one health professional group, speech and language therapy, was developed in a region within the UK and is presented here. The North East of England and the strong research ethos of this profession in addressing complex interventions offered a fertile context for developing and implementing a model which integrated the healthcare and university sectors. Two key frameworks underpin this model. The first addresses the individual participants’ potential trajectory from research consciousness to research participative to research active. The second embeds a model developed for general practitioners into a broader framework of practice-academic partnership and knowledge and skills exchange, and considers external drivers and impacts on practice and patient outcomes as key elements. Results and discussion The integration of practice and academia has been successful in building a culture of research activity within one healthcare profession in a region in the UK and has resulted, to date, in a series of research related outcomes. Understanding the key components of this partnership and the explicit strategies used has driven the implementation of the model and are discussed here. Conclusions A strong, equitable collaboration between clinical and academic partners working towards a common outcome can enhance the use of research within the healthcare workforce and contribute actively to the research process. A set of propositions are specified to facilitate both transferability of this partnership model to other professional groups and clinical teams and evaluation of the model components.

2012-01-01

336

Persuading Teachers to Adopt Academic Theories (or Deontological Perspectives in Professional Motivation to Translate Academic Theories into Praxis): Developing a Communications Epistemology by Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is to encourage debate about the challenges for academics wanting to see our theories translated into practice in schools. Conventional academic articles do not provide information ready for immediate download into daily school practice. Should academics therefore publish in alternative formats and styles as exemplified in the…

Thody, Angela

2008-01-01

337

Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices constitute relational work and professional and organizational identity work. By elucidating the ongoing relational and identity work of UIR participants in the social construction of autonomous academic science, I seek to make the interdependencies between the state, experts and private economic interests more visible, specifically in terms of their collective interest in the status and public credibility of academic science.

Biscotti, Dina Louise

338

In the shadow of academic medical centers: a systematic review of urban health research in Baltimore City.  

PubMed

The city of Baltimore is a typical, large, urban center in the United States with several major academic medical institutions surrounded by disadvantaged neighborhoods with multiple poor health indices. In order to understand the extent to which academic research agendas reflect the health concerns of Baltimore's local population, a systematic review was conducted to identify research about four key, health-related topic areas. We classified papers on: disease prevalence and health status, utilization of health services, population-based interventions, and the unmet health needs of Baltimore City residents. Approximately 4,150 citations were identified in the search and two levels of screening yielded a total of 288 papers. The majority of articles (n = 189) examined prevalence of health conditions such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), mental health and mental disorders, and sexually transmitted diseases. Papers about specific target populations focused primarily on adults, African Americans, and females. Despite a significant body of research concerning several health conditions and priority populations, significant gaps in knowledge about health services utilization, community interventions, unmet health needs, and the prevalence of specific health issues remain. This review provides valuable insight into the extent of health research conducted about the city of Baltimore and whether community health priorities have been investigated. It provides a basis for examining the potential directions of academic research centers to effectively identify and address collective, urban health priorities of the communities in which they reside. PMID:20422444

Tyus, Nadra C; Gibbons, M Christopher; Robinson, Karen A; Twose, Claire; Guyer, Bernard

2010-08-01

339

[The positioning of nursing research in the academic studies: the origin and development of qualitative and quantitative studies].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to discuss the historical context of qualitative and quantitative research so as to explain the principle of qualitative study and examine the positioning of nursing research within academic study as a whole. This paper guides the readers towards the historical context from empirical science, discusses the influences of qualitative and quantitative research on nursing research, then investigates the nature of research paradigms, examines the positioning of nursing research, which includes the characteristics of fields such as natural science, humanity and social studies, and science, and lastly, presents the research standard proposed by Yardley in 2000. The research paradigms include Positivism, Postpositivism, Criticism, and Constructivism, which can be compared with Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The nature of the paradigm is to determine the assumption of the paradigm on the basis of Ontology, Epistemology, and Methodology. The paradigm determines how the researcher views the world and decides on what to answer, how to research, and how to answer. The difference in academic environment is reflected in the long-term dialogue between qualitative and quantitative studies, as well as the standard for criticism. This paper introduces the method of evaluation of the quality of qualitative study proposed by Yardley in 2002, namely the sensitivity of the context, the promise and conscientiousness, transparency and consistency, influence and significance. The paper is intended to provide a guideline for readers in evaluating the quality of qualitative study. PMID:16432800

Lu, Pei-Pei; Ting, Shing-Shiang; Chen, Mei-Ling; Tang, Woung-Ru

2005-12-01

340

Prospector 8: Thermophotovoltaics -- An update on DoD, academic, and commercial research. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Thermophotovoltaics is the technology for photoconverting energy to electricity from an incandescent source which can be heated from any heat source. This technology is unique and has great promise for the development of portable power sources for the Dismounted Soldier. Consequently, a workshop on Thermophotovoltaics -- An Update of DoD, Academic and Commercial Research, was held at the Washington Duke Inn and Golf Club, on July 14--17, 1996, sponsored by the Army Research Office. To accomplish the objectives of the workshop, a group of scientists, active in the field, from government laboratories, industry and academia were invited to lecture on a wide range of topics germane to the emerging field of Thermophotovoltaics. The technical program consisted of plenary and state-of-the-art sessions covering as wide a range of relevant topics as the allotted time permitted. Recent advances in the technology associated with Thermophotovoltaics suggest that power systems could be built in the range from a few watts to greater than 500 watts which would impact the requirements for the Dismounted Soldier. As the Army becomes more mobile, a premium is to be paid for capability, reliability and minimal mass systems. Improvements in photovoltaics and emitters, in terms of reliability, size, weight, and energy efficiency might translate immediately into increased capability and, perhaps, reduced cost. For example, a fueled system only has to convert the energy stored in the fuel at an efficiency less than 2% (JP-8) to produce a power supply that is as energetic as existing batteries. Field able technology rarely equals laboratory prototype or theoretical capability. Obstacles sometimes are fundamental and perhaps can be finessed through appropriate R and D, innovative techniques, and skillful engineering. This workshop attempted to explore a number of potential applications of Thermophotovoltaics for the military and civil sector.

Rose, F.

1996-07-17

341

Conference on the 'Crisis' of Academic Medical Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Academic medical centers link three critical functions: training physicians and other health professionals; delivering state-of-the-art medical care; and carrying out laboratory and clinical research. The linkage of these three functions has enhanced each...

H. J. Aaron

2001-01-01

342

Design-based research and technology-enhanced learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade, design-based research has demonstrated its potential as a methodology suitable to both research and\\u000a design of technology-enhanced learning environments (TELEs). In this paper, we define and identify characteristics of design-based\\u000a research, describe the importance of design-based research for the development of TELEs, propose principles for implementing\\u000a design-based research with TELEs, and discuss future challenges of using

Feng Wang; Michael J. Hannafin

2005-01-01

343

The Changing Academic Profession in International and Quantitative Perspectives: A Focus on Teaching & Research Activities. Report of the International Conference on the Changing Academic Profession Project, 2010. RIHE International Seminar Reports. No.15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Research Institute for Higher Education in Hiroshima University started a program of research on the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) in 2005. The fourth and final conference was held in Hiroshima in January 2010. The following papers are presented at the conference: (1) Differentiation and Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning in…

Research Institute for Higher Education, Hiroshima University (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

344

The Changing Academic Profession in International and Quantitative Perspectives: A Focus on Teaching & Research Activities. Report of the International Conference on the Changing Academic Profession Project, 2010. RIHE International Seminar Reports. No.15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Research Institute for Higher Education in Hiroshima University started a program of research on the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) in 2005. The fourth and final conference was held in Hiroshima in January 2010. The following papers are presented at the conference: (1) Differentiation and Integration of Research, Teaching and Learning in…

Research Institute for Higher Education, Hiroshima University (NJ3), 2010

2010-01-01

345

Nonusers of Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay proposes the identification and study of nonusers of academic library reference services. Using the techniques previously applied to different classes of public library users, researchers could benefit from information already available, as well as undertake survey research on lifestyles in academe. The discussion puts forth the claim that nonusers of academic libraries are potential users belonging to the

Patricia A. Cannon

1990-01-01

346

E-Portfolio for Enhancing Graduate Research Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: E-Portfolio is a powerful tool for demonstrating evidence of learning and achievements in graduate research. The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept, structure and functions of e-Portfolio in graduate research and discuss the significance of the role of e-Portfolio in enhancing the quality of graduate research students and…

Le, Quynh

2012-01-01

347

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research

C. P. Thomas; G. A. Bala; M. L. Duvall

1991-01-01

348

Academic Outcomes for Children Born Preterm: A Summary and Call for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developmental outcomes for children born preterm have been examined by many, with results unequivocally indicating that\\u000a children born preterm tend to have poorer cognitive outcomes and more developmental difficulties. Less attention has been\\u000a paid to academic outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to review the academic skills assessment of children born preterm,\\u000a examine the methodologies used to ascertain

Milena Keller-Margulis; Allison Dempsey; Ashlie Llorens

2011-01-01

349

Using Design-based Research in Design and Research of Technology Enhanced Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade, a new research paradigm—design-based research—has showed great potential as an ideal alternative research methodology. Design-based research is suitable to both research and design of technology-enhanced learning environments (TELEs). At the beginning of this presentation, we will propose the definition and five characteristics of design-based research research methodology. Then, we will discuss why design-based research is important

Feng Wang; Michael J. Hannafin

2004-01-01

350

Enhancing Student Understanding of Environmental Sciences Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an authentic semi-guided student research project. Studies the impact of a regional invasion of non-indigenous worm species on decomposition in forest soils. Describes the experimental design, data analysis, and interpretation of the data. (Contains 16 references.) (YDS)

Gurwick, Noel P.; Krasny, Marianne E.

2001-01-01

351

Theoretical Perspectives on Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst the government, higher education authorities and institutions, academics, academic development practitioners, researchers etc. recognize that there is an increasing number and diversity of students accessing higher education, do the stake-holders really know who these students are before even thinking of enhancing their learning and…

Jama, M. P.; Mapesela, M. L. E.; Beylefeld, A. A.

2008-01-01

352

Negotiation on the assessment of research articles with academic reviewers: application of peer-review approach of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an insight into the dominant negotiation processes that occur between the authors of research articles\\u000a and academic reviewers at the peer reviewing stage. Data of reviewers comments and authors responses on 32 science and engineering\\u000a based journal articles covering four decision categories (accept as is, accept with minor revisions, major revisions and reject)\\u000a were collected. A commonly

Prashant Kumar; Imran Rafiq; Boulent Imam

353

Witness for Wellness: preliminary findings from a community-academic participatory research mental health initiative.  

PubMed

Quality improvement programs promoting depression screening and appropriate treatment can significantly reduce racial and ethnic disparities in mental-health care and outcomes. However, promoting the adoption of quality-improvement strategies requires more than the simple knowledge of their potential benefits. To better understand depression issues in racial and ethnic minority communities and to discover, refine, and promote the adoption of evidence-based interventions in these communities, a collaborative academic-community participatory partnership was developed and introduced through a community-based depression conference. This partnership was based on the community-influenced model used by Healthy African-American Families, a community-based agency in south Los Angeles, and the Partners in Care model developed at the UCLA/RAND NIMH Health Services Research Center. The integrated model is described in this paper as well as the activities and preliminary results based on multimethod program evaluation techniques. We found that combining the two models was feasible. Significant improvements in depression identification, knowledge about treatment options, and availability of treatment providers were observed among conference participants. In addition, the conference reinforced in the participants the importance of community mobilization for addressing depression and mental health issues in the community. Although the project is relatively new and ongoing, already substantial gains in community activities in the area of depression have been observed. In addition, new applications of this integrated model are underway in the areas of diabetes and substance abuse. Continued monitoring of this project should help refine the model as well as assist in the identification of process and outcome measures for such efforts. PMID:16681126

Bluthenthal, Ricky N; Jones, Loretta; Fackler-Lowrie, Nicole; Ellison, Marcia; Booker, Theodore; Jones, Felica; McDaniel, Sharon; Moini, Moraya; Williams, Kamau R; Klap, Ruth; Koegel, Paul; Wells, Kenneth B

2006-01-01

354

Research Profiling: Nano-enhanced, Thin-film Solar Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanotechnology-enhanced thin-film solar cells constitute one of the most promising solar energy solutions and an important currently emerging application of nanotechnology. This paper profiles the research patterns via \\

Ying Guo; Lu Huang; Alan L. Porter

355

Enhancing Transdisciplinary Research Through Collaborative Leadership  

PubMed Central

Transcending the well-established and familiar boundaries of disciplinary silos poses challenges for even the most interpersonally competent scientists. This paper explores the challenges inherent in leading transdisciplinary projects, detailing the critical roles that leaders play in shepherding transdisciplinary scientific endeavors. Three types of leadership tasks are considered: cognitive, structural, and processual. Distinctions are made between leading small, co-located projects and large, dispersed ones. Finally, social-network analysis is proposed as a useful tool for conducting research on leadership, and, in particular, on the role of brokers, on complex transdisciplinary teams.

Gray, Barbara

2008-01-01

356

Research and Academic Librarians: A Global View. Proceedings of a Special Session on International Librarianship Held during the National Conference of the Association of College and Research Libraries (6th, Salt Lake City, Utah, April 12-14, 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five speakers of international prominence from around the world presented a program dealing with the research efforts of academic librarians and the effect of research on academic libraries in Australia and New Zealand, India, Russia, Africa (with an emphasis on Kenya), and the United Kingdom. This proceedings includes the following papers…

Sharma, R. N., Ed.

357

Research and Academic Librarians: A Global View. Proceedings of a Special Session on International Librarianship Held during the National Conference of the Association of College and Research Libraries (6th, Salt Lake City, Utah, April 12-14, 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five speakers of international prominence from around the world presented a program dealing with the research efforts of academic librarians and the effect of research on academic libraries in Australia and New Zealand, India, Russia, Africa (with an emphasis on Kenya), and the United Kingdom. This proceedings includes the following papers…

Sharma, R. N., Ed.

358

Microbial enhanced oil recovery research. [Peptides  

SciTech Connect

The surface active lipopeptide produced by Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 was isolated to near apparent homogeneity. NMR experiments revealed that this compound consists of a heptapeptide with an amino acid sequence similar to surfactin and a heterogeneous fatty acid consisting of the normal-, anteiso-, and iso- branched isomers. The surface activity of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant was shown to depend on the presence of fermentation products and is strongly affected by the pH. Under conditions of optimal salinity and pH the interfacial tension against decane was 6 [times] 10[sup 3] mN/m which is one of the lowest values ever obtained with a microbial surfactant. Microbial compounds which exhibit particularly high surface activity are classified as biosurfactants. Microbial biosurfactants include a wide variety of surface and interfacially active compounds, such as glycolipids, lipopeptides polysaccharideprotein complexes, phospholipids, fatty acids and neutral lipids. Biosurfactants are easily biodegradable and thus are particularly suited for environmental applications such as bioremediation and the dispersion of oil spills. Bacillus licheniformis strain JF-2 has been shown to be able to grow and produce a very effective biosurfactant under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and in the presence of high salt concentrations. The production of biosurfactants in anaerobic, high salt environments is potentially important for a variety of in situ applications such as microbial enhanced oil recovery. As a first step towards evaluating the commercial utility of the B. licheniformis JF-2 surfactant, we isolated t-he active. compound from the culture supernatant, characterized its chemical structure and investigated its phase behavior. We found that the surface activity of the surfactant is strongly dependent on the pH of the aqueous. phase. This may be important for the biological function of the surfactant and is of interest for several applications in surfactancy.

Sharma, M.M.; Georgiou, G. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States))

1992-01-01

359

Standardized endpoint definitions for transcatheter aortic valve implantation clinical trials: a consensus report from the Valve Academic Research Consortium†  

PubMed Central

Objectives To propose standardized consensus definitions for important clinical endpoints in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), investigations in an effort to improve the quality of clinical research and to enable meaningful comparisons between clinical trials. To make these consensus definitions accessible to all stakeholders in TAVI clinical research through a peer reviewed publication, on behalf of the public health. Background Transcatheter aortic valve implantation may provide a worthwhile less invasive treatment in many patients with severe aortic stenosis and since its introduction to the medical community in 2002, there has been an explosive growth in procedures. The integration of TAVI into daily clinical practice should be guided by academic activities, which requires a harmonized and structured process for data collection, interpretation, and reporting during well-conducted clinical trials. Methods and results The Valve Academic Research Consortium established an independent collaboration between Academic Research organizations and specialty societies (cardiology and cardiac surgery) in the USA and Europe. Two meetings, in San Francisco, California (September 2009) and in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (December 2009), including key physician experts, and representatives from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and device manufacturers, were focused on creating consistent endpoint definitions and consensus recommendations for implementation in TAVI clinical research programs. Important considerations in developing endpoint definitions included (i) respect for the historical legacy of surgical valve guidelines; (ii) identification of pathophysiological mechanisms associated with clinical events; (iii) emphasis on clinical relevance. Consensus criteria were developed for the following endpoints: mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, bleeding, acute kidney injury, vascular complications, and prosthetic valve performance. Composite endpoints for TAVI safety and effectiveness were also recommended. Conclusion Although consensus criteria will invariably include certain arbitrary features, an organized multidisciplinary process to develop specific definitions for TAVI clinical research should provide consistency across studies that can facilitate the evaluation of this new important catheter-based therapy. The broadly based consensus endpoint definitions described in this document may be useful for regulatory and clinical trial purposes.

Leon, Martin B.; Piazza, Nicolo; Nikolsky, Eugenia; Blackstone, Eugene H.; Cutlip, Donald E.; Kappetein, Arie Pieter; Krucoff, Mitchell W.; Mack, Michael; Mehran, Roxana; Miller, Craig; Morel, Marie-angele; Petersen, John; Popma, Jeffrey J.; Takkenberg, Johanna J.M.; Vahanian, Alec; van Es, Gerrit-Anne; Vranckx, Pascal; Webb, John G.; Windecker, Stephan; Serruys, Patrick W.

2011-01-01

360

Q&A: Steven E. McKenzie, MD, PhD: At the Intersection of Academic Research and Biomedicine  

PubMed Central

Philadelphia’s Thomas Jefferson University is making a concerted effort to take a leadership role in biomedical research. The man behind this effort – who views individualized counseling as ‘cool’ – hopes it will foster a team approach to undergraduate medical education and patient care, prepare faculty and fellows for biotechnology’s promise, and provide all with an understanding of how laboratory work can be translated into clinical ideas. He also sees an opportunity for third-party payers to collaborate with academic researchers on health-education strategies.

Kober, Scott

2006-01-01

361

Enhanced oil recovery and applied geoscience research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this research program are to develop microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) systems for application to reservoirs containing medium to heavy oils and to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. The MEOR research goals include: (a) the development of bacterial cultures that are effective for oil displacement under a broad range of reservoir conditions; (b)

Thomas

1992-01-01

362

The First-Year Research Experience: Miami University's Scholastic Enhancement Program - Undergraduate Research Option Focus CUR  

Microsoft Academic Search

In fall 2005, as part of its existing Scholastic Enhancement Program (SEP), Miami University kicked off the Undergraduate Research Option (URO), loosely modeled after the Undergraduate Research Opportunity Programs (UROP) at the University of Michigan and the University of Wisconsin. The Scholastic Enhancement Program is an admissions program that conditionally admits students whose high-school records and backgrounds suggest that, with

Roger Bechtel

2008-01-01

363

PS1-07: Evaluating the Status of "Translating Research into Practice" at a Major Academic Healthcare System  

PubMed Central

Background: This survey was conducted to assess the status of translating research findings into practice at a major academic healthcare system in Central Texas. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey addressing knowledge of and participation in translational research of physicians, residents, nurses, and third and fourth year medical students in a major academic healthcare system in Central Texas. Some of the research questions were adapted from an in-house HMORN survey (personal communication). Results: Out of 508 respondents, 428 (84.3%) completed all questions. A total of 68.9% of faculty reported having sufficient education and training to conduct research vs. 44.4% of residents and 35.6% of nurses. Fifty-eight percent of faculty, 53% of residents and 9% of nurses reported current involvement in research activity. A total of 55.6% of residents reported that their departments provide them with protected time for research vs. 18.4% of faculty and 10.3% of nurses. In addition, 33.9% of nurses reported interest in participating in research but do not know how to start. A majority of faculty and residents and 58% of nurses indicated they were familiar with translational research. Yet only 42.7% of residents and 35% of faculty, 46.7% of residents and 35.6% of nurses indicated they were aware of any changes in delivery of care that resulted from research projects. Conclusions: The study results suggested failure to leverage members of the healthcare team in a systematic process to ensure translation of research findings into practice. Results highlighted the need to merge the culture of safety and quality improvement with research while dealing with the daily pressures of patient care.

Rajab, M Hasan; Cummings, Christie; Rohack, Jim; Villamaria, Frank

2010-01-01

364

"Building a Mystery": Alternative Research Writing and the Academic Act of Seeking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a series of alternatives to the modernist research paper: the argumentative research paper, the personal research paper, the research essay, and the multi-genre/media/disciplinary/cultural research paper. Addresses theoretical implications of alternative research writing strategies. (NH)|

Davis, Robert; Shadle, Mark

2000-01-01

365

"Building a Mystery": Alternative Research Writing and the Academic Act of Seeking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a series of alternatives to the modernist research paper: the argumentative research paper, the personal research paper, the research essay, and the multi-genre/media/disciplinary/cultural research paper. Addresses theoretical implications of alternative research writing strategies. (NH)

Davis, Robert; Shadle, Mark

2000-01-01

366

Early Career Development in Academic Pediatrics of Participants in the APS-SPR Medical Student Research Program  

PubMed Central

To recruit and train the next generations of pediatric clinician-scientists, the American Pediatric Society (APS) and Society for Pediatric Research (SPR) initiated a program in 1991 to support medical students with interests in research and pediatrics to conduct research at institutions other than their respective medical schools. Since 1991, the APS-SPR Medical Student Research Program (MSRP) has funded 732 of 2209 applicants from 132 U.S. or Canadian medical schools for 8 to 12 weeks of research under the direction of experienced investigators. PubMed-attributable publications tabulated in 2001 for MSRP applicants through 2000 indicated that participants had published more actively than had non-participant applicants. Male non-participants exhibited greater publication activities than did female non-participants, but female and male participants published equally. Of all MSRP participants between 1991 and 1996, as of 2008, 36% were in pediatrics, and a remarkable 29% were in academic pediatrics.

Smith, William H.; Rogers, Jessica G.; Hansen, Thomas N.; Smith, Charles V.

2009-01-01

367

The Three Stooges in "Academe": A Summary/Review of Recent Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the interest by academic popular culture scholars in the films of the American slapstick comedy group of the 1930s and 1940s, "The Three Stooges." Noting that between 1990 and 1995 at least 17 scholarly articles have been presented at various popular culture association meetings, the paper touches upon the universal and…

Morlan, Don B.

368

Academic Progress of Community College Nursing Aspirants: An Institutional Research Profile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The community college is a major site preparing students for nursing careers, an important role at a time of a national shortage. However, many of the low socioeconomic status (SES), minority students who aspire to associates degrees in nursing display low levels of academic preparedness. An analysis of 3-year institutional data from a single…

Perin, Dolores

2006-01-01

369

Customer relationship management research (1992-2002) : An academic literature review and classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To review the academic literature on customer relationship management (CRM), provide a comprehensive bibliography and propose a method of classifying that literature. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A range of online databases were searched to provide a comprehensive listing of journal articles on CRM. Six hundred articles were identified and reviewed for their direct relevance to CRM. Two hundred and five

E. W. T. Ngai

2005-01-01

370

Teaching-Focused Science Academics Supervising Research Students in Science Education: What's the Problem?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academics who specialise in improving the teaching of "hard" sciences like chemistry, biology, maths and physics are increasing in number and influence at Australian universities. Those in academia who have channelled their energies into teaching are delighted with this development. It means that many committed tertiary teachers can now look…

Rowland, Susan

2012-01-01

371

Noncognitive Predictors of Academic Success for International Students: A Longitudinal Study. Research Report #1-87.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The effectiveness of noncognitive variables in predicting college grades and persistence for international students over 8 semesters was studied at the University of Maryland, College Park. The Noncognitive Questionnaire (NCQ), an instrument designed to assess eight noncognitive variables found to be related to academic success for U.S. minority…

Boyer, Susan P.; Sedlacek, William E.

372

Seating Arrangements that Promote Positive Academic and Behavioural Outcomes: A Review of Empirical Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seating arrangements are important classroom setting events because they have the potential to help prevent problem behaviours that decrease student attention and diminish available instructional time. The purpose of this synthesis of empirical literature is to determine which arrangements of desks best facilitate positive academic and behavioural…

Wannarka, Rachel; Ruhl, Kathy

2008-01-01

373

Researching glossy topics: the case of the academic study of celebrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The launch of Celebrity Studies journal represents an ideal opportunity to reflect upon the general trajectory of celebrity as an academic topic. This is a particularly pressing task given the increasingly uncertain socio-economic conditions within which we find ourselves. To this end, we draw upon the recorded outputs of the academy to provide a quantitative visualisation of the study of

David Beer; Ruth Penfold-Mounce

2010-01-01

374

The RAP: A Recreational Activities Project, Academic Service-Learning Course and Qualitative Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author (a university instructor) and her community partner (a public school teacher) have collaborated in teaching an academic service-learning course in special education. This collaboration, the RAP (recreational activities project), was completed by university undergraduate students and young adults with cognitive impairment and/or…

Parker, Kathlyn

2009-01-01

375

Personal Experiences of Research Misconduct and the Response of Individual Academic Scientists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the responses of senior academic biochemists to an incident of scientific wrongdoing. Concludes that these individuals endorsed less-formal action when either the actions were believed to have the potential to publicly embarrass the offending individual, or when the actions might adversely affect the professional career of the…

Braxton, John M.; Bayer, Alan E.

1996-01-01

376

Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analytic Review of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This meta-analysis reviewed the literature on socioeconomic status (SES) and academic achievement in journal articles published between 1990 and 2000. The sample included 101,157 students, 6,871 schools, and 128 school districts gathered from 74 independent samples. The results showed a medium to strong SES-achievement relation. This relation,…

Sirin, Selcuk R.

2005-01-01

377

Initiatives from the Academic Sector and Their Impacts on Higher Education and Research. Part 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes "Evolution of Academic-Industry Technology Transfer in the USA" (Berneman, Denis); "University-Industry-Government Partnerships for Innovation: The US Technology Reinvest Project--A Case History" (Leventman); and "The Science-Trained Professional: A New Breed for the New Century" (Tobias, Birrer). (SK)|

Berneman, Louis P.; Denis, Kathleen A.; Leventman, Paula G.; Tobias, Sheila; Birrer, Franz

1998-01-01

378

Commentary: Implementing Social-Emotional and Academic Innovations--Reflections, Reactions, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article "Implementation, Sustainability, and Scaling Up of Social-Emotional and Academic Innovations in Public Schools" by Elias, Zins, Graczyk, and Weissberg (2003) is a thought-provoking contribution, and one that begs for more application. Some of the points the authors raise have been articulated in the school and clinical evidence-based…

Elliott, Stephen N.; Kratochwill, Thomas R.; Roach, Andrew T.

2003-01-01

379

Teaching-Focused Science Academics Supervising Research Students in Science Education: What's the Problem?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academics who specialise in improving the teaching of "hard" sciences like chemistry, biology, maths and physics are increasing in number and influence at Australian universities. Those in academia who have channelled their energies into teaching are delighted with this development. It means that many committed tertiary teachers can now look…

Rowland, Susan

2012-01-01

380

A Psychological Autopsy of the Suicide of an Academically Gifted Student: Researchers' and Parents' Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses the methods and procedures of psychological autopsy to portray the life of an academically gifted college student who completed suicide. The study is unique in that it follows the subject across his 21 years of life, highlighting relevant milestones and significant stages and events. A comprehensive view of the life and death of a gifted student is

Tracy L. Cross; Karyn Gust-Brey; P. Bonny Ball

2002-01-01

381

A Psychological Autopsy of the Suicide of an Academically Gifted Student: Researchers' and Parents' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case study of an academically gifted college student who committed suicide resulted in three sets of findings: those that reflected exclusively on the subject's life, those that compared his life with 3 previous psychological autopsies conducted, and those that reflected the parents' observations and experiences of his life. (Contains…

Cross, Tracy L.; Gust-Brey, Karyn; Ball, P. Bonny

2002-01-01

382

The Adolescent with Spina Bifida: Academic Achievement and Employment Prospects. Research Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study of 52 adolescents with spina bifida reveals information about their intelligence and attainments at age 16, achievement examinations, the relationship between IQ and academic achievement, and employment at 18 years. Among findings are significantly lower performance among Ss with shunts and intracranial complications. (CL)

Tew, Brian

1986-01-01

383

Diagnostic and Prescriptive Group Interviews for Nonfreshmen in Academic Jeopardy. Research Report #10-89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many at-risk students fail to avail themselves of the resources provided for them by their universities. In the interest of academic retention, colleges and universities are taking an increasingly proactive stance and contacting at-risk students to offer them specific services. This study compared retention rates of at-risk college students (N=65)…

Boyd, Vivian; And Others

384

Textual metadiscourse in research articles: a marker of national culture or of academic discipline?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic writers leave traces of themselves in their writing which may be linked to national as well as disciplinary culture. This paper takes a doubly contrastive approach and investigates writer manifestation in three languages, English, French and Norwegian, and three disciplines, economics, linguistics and medicine, in order to see whether language or discipline is the most important variable governing the

Trine Dahl

2004-01-01

385

Research Ethics and Academic Freedom: A Case Study of the Nature Journal's Plagiarism Claim1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The objective of this study is to analyze the Nature Journal's plagiarism claim with respect to a published article. Given the widespread global publicity that the Nature's plagiarism claim has received, it is important to present a purely academic and non-political analysis of the targeted article. This study is of utmost importance because it deals with the code of

Ahmad Sharbatoghlie

2009-01-01

386

A Preliminary Study to Identify the Extent of Self-Plagiarism in Australian Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the preliminary findings from a pilot project which sought to identify self pla- giarism in Australian academic publications. Ten Australian authors were selected at random from top published authors on the Web of Science (Social Science and Humanities) database. Evidence of tex- tual re-use was collected from 269 electronically available published journal articles using the text-

Tracey Bretag; Saadia Carapiet

387

Simulation software: an Operational Research Society survey of academic and industrial users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulation modeling is being widely used in areas such as manufacturing, health, network communications and military. Such popularity of simulation has resulted in a large number of simulation software tools available on the market. This paper presents the results of a survey on the use of simulation software, which has involved academic and industrial members of the Simulation Study Group

Vlatka Hlupic; Middlesex UB

2000-01-01

388

Simulation software: an Operational Research Society survey of academic and industrial users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulation modeling is being widely used in areas such as manufacturing, health, network communications and military applications. Such popularity of simulation has resulted in a large number of simulation software tools available on the market. The paper presents the results of a survey on the use of simulation software, which has involved academic and industrial members of the Simulation Study

Vlatka Hlupic; Middlesex UB

2000-01-01

389

Choice of Variables and Gender Differentiated Prediction within Selected Academic Programs. Research Report #105.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The existence of differential prediction of two-year grade point average is reported for gender groups within programs of study at the University of Iowa. Academic records of all freshmen entering the University in 1978 in the fields of Business, Liberal Arts, Pre-Medicine, and those undecided as to major were analyzed with respect to American…

Gamache, LeAnn M.; Novick, Melvin R.

390

Status of and Trends in Academic Intervention Research for Students with Emotional Disturbance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviewed 55 studies to examine trends in interventions to improve the academic functioning of students with emotional disturbance. Results of descriptive analysis indicated: lack of demographic information; settings usually special education classrooms; predominantly single-subject designs; lack of treatment fidelity data; lack of…

Mooney, Paul; Epstein, Michael H.; Reid, Robert; Nelson, J. Ron

2003-01-01

391

The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

2009-01-01

392

Stakeholder perspectives and reactions to "academic" cognitive enhancement: Unsuspected meaning of ambivalence and analogies.  

PubMed

The existence of diverging discourses in the media and academia on the use of prescription medications to improve cognition in healthy individuals, i.e. "cognitive enhancement" (CE) creates the need to better understand perspectives from stakeholders. This qualitative focus-group study examined perspectives from students, parents and healthcare providers on CE. Stakeholders expressed ambivalence regarding CE (i.e. reactions to, definitions of, risks, and benefits). They were reluctant to adopt analogies to performance-enhancing steroids and caffeine though these analogies were useful in discussing concepts common to the use of different performance-enhancing substances. Media coverage of CE was criticized for lack of scientific rigor, ethical clarity, and inadvertent promotion of CE. Ambivalence of stakeholders suggests fundamental discomfort with economic and social driving forces of CE. Forms of public dialogue that voice the unease and ambivalence of stakeholders should be pursued to avoid opting hastily for permissive or restrictive health policies for CE. PMID:23823168

Forlini, Cynthia; Racine, Eric

2010-12-05

393

Academics and their writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results from a questionnaire on academic writing which was sent to a representative sample of 75 academics at the University of Keele, England, and 100 academics at the University of Waterloo, Canada. The response rate from each institution was low (41 and 34% respectively) but higher than that reported in earlier research. An analysis of the

James Hartley; Christopher K. Knapper

1984-01-01

394

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program, Status Report: Foreign Research on Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) research outside the United States. The term ''enhanced geothermal systems'' refers to the use of advanced technology to extract heat energy from underground in areas with higher than average heat flow but where the natural permeability or fluid content is limited. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from low permeability hydrothermal to hot dry rock.

McLarty, Lynn; Entingh, Daniel

2000-09-29

395

Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) R&D Program, Status Report: Foreign Research on Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report reviews enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) research outside the United States. The term ''enhanced geothermal systems'' refers to the use of advanced technology to extract heat energy from underground in areas with higher than average heat flow but where the natural permeability or fluid content is limited. EGS covers the spectrum of geothermal resources from low permeability hydrothermal to

Lynn McLarty; Daniel Entingh

2000-01-01

396

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality…

McGhee, Patrick

397

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality…

McGhee, Patrick

398

Enhancing Academic Success: A Bilingual Freshman Year. AIR 1992 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an assessment of the Inter-American Science and Humanities Program, a program of the University of Texas, El Paso, which allowed students from northern Mexico to take their freshman level courses in Spanish while receiving instruction designed to rapidly enhance English language skills. The paper assesses the effectiveness of…

Ronco, Sharron

399

Boundary-spanning in emerging technology research: determinants of funding success for academic scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging technologies, including nanotechnologies, are generally seen as those latest scientific innovations which have a\\u000a potential impact on industry structure, and commercialization and economic potential. Work in this area of emerging technologies\\u000a has distinct boundary spanning characteristics from the perspective of academic science. First, many emerging technologies\\u000a involve collaboration of scientists across disciplinary boundaries. Second, because of the commercializability of

Julia Melkers; Fang Xiao

2012-01-01

400

Medical Natural Sciences: a new academic program to train biomedical researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Here we describe the academic program Medical Natural Sciences that was started as a bachelor program in 2001 by several departments\\u000a of VU University Amsterdam and the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam. In this program students receive training in\\u000a exact sciences (physics, chemistry and mathematics) in a strong medical context, combined with basic courses in biomedical\\u000a sciences and a

J. P. Dekker; J. H. Meijer

2009-01-01

401

Research ethics and participatory research in an interdisciplinary technology?enhanced learning project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This account identifies some of the tensions that became apparent in a large interdisciplinary technology?enhanced learning project as its members attempted to maintain their commitment to responsive, participatory research and development in naturalistic research settings while also ‘enacting’ these commitments in formal research review processes. It discusses how these review processes were accompanied by a commitment to continuing discussion and

Frances Tracy; Patrick Carmichael

2010-01-01

402

Academic Institutional Profiles  

NSF Publications Database

Home | Publications | Topic index | Surveys | Databases | Search Keep Current! Subscribe to NSF's ... Academic Institutional Profiles Parent Surveys: Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at ...

403

Research Experience for Undergraduates: an International Program Enhancing Interdisciplinary Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This NSF-funded research experience for undergraduates (REU) took place in South Africa, where gold mines provided outstanding field sites to investigate biogeochemical processes in deep subsurface environments. Underrepresented minorities were encouraged to participate. Cross-disciplinary training was a major ambition for this REU Site: Biogeochemical Educational Experiences - South Africa. Students were selected from diverse academic disciplines (biology, chemistry, and geology) to participate in this interdisciplinary research program. Research projects included characterizing microbial communities with molecular and biochemical techniques, cultivating microorganisms, utilizing geochemical and isotopic parameters to constrain nutrient cycling in groundwater, investigating extreme enzymes and examining functional genes. During the REU, students collected biofilms and fissure water emanating from gas-rich boreholes in 2-3 km deep mines and performed laboratory research in teams under joint mentorship of U.S. and South African scientists. Research teams consisted of three to five students with at least one student from each country and at least two of the disciplines represented. Team membership reflected students' ranking of their choices among mentor-proposed projects. The REU encouraged students to increase scientific knowledge across disciplines, improve oral and written communication skills, and explore cultural and international challenges for scientific research in the global community. Each research team presented oral progress reports to the other research teams to provide communication skill development and to provide a forum for data exchange and interpretation among the various disciplines. Oral communication training culminated in a public presentation by each team at a university/industry science symposium. Mentors reviewed students' writing skills as they prepared text on experimental design, research findings, data interpretation, and literature reviews, leading to final team reports in manuscript format. Students learned how their research contributes to the big picture of biogeochemical processes in the mines. The group research teams and the forums for discussion allowed the students to gain interdisciplinary knowledge and expanded thought processes and views of interdisciplinary research. Thirty-two undergraduates from three countries have participated in this program. Several students are continuing their REU-initiated research as senior thesis projects at their home institutions; some are applying for graduate study in biogeochemistry, and others have started graduate studies.

Pfiffner, S. M.; Davis, K. L.; Phelps, T. J.; Kieft, T. L.; Gihring, T. M.; Onstott, T. C.; Nthangeni, B.; Piater, L.; van Heerden, E.

2004-12-01

404

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook, aimed primarily at the inexperienced teacher in higher education, but useful also for the more experienced faculty member, provides practical advice on teaching, learning, and assessment that incorporates recent research findings. Following a "User's Guide" (Heather Fry, Steve Ketteridge, and Stephanie Marshall), the chapters of…

Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve; Marshall, Stephanie

405

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book was written to support the excellence in teaching required to bring about learning of the highest quality. Chapters seek to offer the best practical advice in teaching, learning, and assessment, as well as references to research findings. An introductory section sets out the purpose of the book and examines the changing role and place…

Fry, Heather, Ed.; Ketteridge, Steve, Ed.; Marshall, Stephanie, Ed.

406

A Handbook for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook, aimed primarily at the inexperienced teacher in higher education, but useful also for the more experienced faculty member, provides practical advice on teaching, learning, and assessment that incorporates recent research findings. Following a "User's Guide" (Heather Fry, Steve Ketteridge, and Stephanie Marshall), the chapters of…

Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve; Marshall, Stephanie

407

Library Research and Statistics. Research on Libraries and Librarianship in 2002; Number of Libraries in the United States and Canada; Highlights of NCES Surveys; Library Acquisition Expenditures, 2001-2002: U.S. Public, Academic, Special, and Government Libraries; LJ Budget Report: A Precarious Holding Pattern; Price Indexes for Public and Academic Libraries; Library Buildings 2002: The Building Buck Doesn't Stop Here.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes seven reports that discuss research on libraries and librarianship, including academic, public, and school libraries; awards and grants; number of libraries in the United States and Canada; National Center for Education Statistics results; library expenditures for public, academic, special, and government libraries; library budgets;…

Lynch, Mary Jo; Oder, Norman; Halstead, Kent; Fox, Bette-Lee

2003-01-01

408

How Chairpersons Enhance Faculty Research: A Grounded Theory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined how department chairpersons enhanced research performance of college and university faculty. By applying grounded theory methods to a corpus of 33 interviews with chairpersons, the study resulted in a typology of chair roles (administrative, advocacy, interpersonal), then assessed the process of assistance for faculty at four…

Creswell, John W.; Brown, Martha L.

1992-01-01

409

Visual Methodology in Classroom Inquiry: Enhancing Complementary Qualitative Research Designs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the argument that combining visual methods with other qualitative research methods enhances the inherent strengths of each methodology and allows new understandings to emerge. These would otherwise remain hidden if only one method were used in isolation. In a qualitative inquiry of an elementary teacher's constructivist…

Kingsley, Joanne

2009-01-01

410

Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration: Research Needs and Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

Fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and biomass burning are the dominant contributors to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) concentrations and global warming. Many approaches to mitigating CO{sub 2} emissions are being pursued, and among the most promising are terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. Recent advances in ecology and microbial biology offer promising new possibilities for enhancing terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. A workshop was held October 29, 2007, at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) on Biologically Enhanced Carbon Sequestration (BECS). The workshop participants (approximately 30 scientists from California, Illinois, Oregon, Montana, and New Mexico) developed a prioritized list of research needed to make progress in the development of biological enhancements to improve terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration. The workshop participants also identified a number of areas of supporting science that are critical to making progress in the fundamental research areas. The purpose of this position paper is to summarize and elaborate upon the findings of the workshop. The paper considers terrestrial and geologic carbon sequestration separately. First, we present a summary in outline form of the research roadmaps for terrestrial and geologic BECS. This outline is elaborated upon in the narrative sections that follow. The narrative sections start with the focused research priorities in each area followed by critical supporting science for biological enhancements as prioritized during the workshop. Finally, Table 1 summarizes the potential significance or 'materiality' of advances in these areas for reducing net greenhouse gas emissions.

Oldenburg, Curtis; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Torn, Margaret S.

2008-03-21

411

The Scholarship of Academic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The selections in this book address the concept and nature of academic development and examine research into and within the field. Following an introduction, "Developing a Scholarship of Academic Development: Setting the Context," by Ranald Macdonald, the chapters of part 1, "Conceptualizing Academic Development," are: (2) "Academic Development:…

Eggins, Heather, Ed.; Macdonald, Ranald, Ed.

412

The Influence of On-Campus, Academic Year Undergraduate Research on STEM PhD Outcomes: Evidence from the Meyerhoff Scholarship Program  

PubMed Central

The Meyerhoff Scholarship Program, which celebrated its 20th year in 2008, is considered a successful intervention program for increasing the number of underrepresented minorities who earn PhDs or MD/PhDs and pursue research careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). This article examines the relationship between participation in one specific component of the Meyerhoff Scholarship Program—on-campus, academic year research—and the pursuit of a STEM PhD by thirteen cohorts of program participants. The results indicate that participation in on-campus, academic year research is associated with a substantial increase in the probability of pursuing a STEM PhD. They further suggest that the structure and intensity of the on-campus, academic year research experience matter.

2011-01-01

413

'DO WE ALL GET A PHD?' ATTEMPTING EMANCIPATORY RESEARCH RELATING TO DISABILITY IN AN ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the model of emancipatory research, the researcher is situated as one member of a team. They are often conceptualised as providing methodological tools and skills to others involved in the research project but the definition of topic, data analysis and dissemination is presented as a joint enterprise. This model of research (deliberately) contradicts with the view of the expert

Julie Seymour; Ruth Garbutt

414

Are there real effects of licensing on academic research? A life cycle view  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do financial returns to licensing divert faculty from basic research? In a life cycle model in which faculty can conduct basic and\\/or applied research (the latter can be licensed) licensing increases applied relative to basic effort. However, leisure falls so basic research need not suffer. If applied effort also leads to publishable output, then research output and stock of knowledge

Marie Thursby; Jerry Thursby; Swasti Gupta-Mukherjee

2007-01-01

415

Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

2001-01-01

416

Research & Librarianship. Research and Practice in Academic Libraries: A Case Study; The Current State of Public Library Research in Select Peer-Reviewed Journals: 1996-2000; From Research to Action in School Library Media Programs; Collaborative Authorship in 'North Carolina Libraries': Past, Present, and Future; Publications and Sinners: Research from the Church Library Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This section includes five articles on research and librarianship including a case study on research and practice in academic libraries; select peer-reviewed journals that examine the current state of public library research (1996-2000); development of research on school library media programs; benefits of collaborative authorship for librarians…

Foote, Margaret; DuBose, Stefanie; Durant, David; Hersberger, Julie; Demas, Christopher; Dickinson, Gail K.

2001-01-01

417

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

418

Translational Researchers' Perceptions of Data Management Practices and Data Curation Needs: Findings from a Focus Group in an Academic Health Sciences Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How translational researchers use data is becoming an important support function for libraries to understand. Libraries' roles in this increasingly complex area of Web librarianship are often unclearly defined. The authors conducted two focus groups with physicians and researchers at an academic medical center, the UCLA David Geffen School of…

Bardyn, Tania P.; Resnick, Taryn; Camina, Susan K.

2012-01-01

419

Association between co-authorship network and scientific productivity and impact indicators in academic medical research centers: A case study in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the co-authorship networks in three successful Iranian academic research centers, in order to find the association between the scientific productivity and impact indicators with network features in a case study. METHODS: We searched for English articles of the three research centers. We drew co-authorship maps of each center and calculated social network measures. RESULTS: The

Reza Yousefi-Nooraie; Marjan Akbari-Kamrani; Robert A Hanneman; Arash Etemadi

2008-01-01

420

Perceptions of the Research-Teaching Nexus and Job Satisfaction: An Analysis from the Carnegie International Survey of the Academic Profession.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used data from the 1991-93 Carnegie International Survey of the Academic Profession to examine the perceptions of college faculty in regard to the emphasis on research over teaching in advanced-industrialized higher education systems, the compatibility of research and teaching, and job satisfaction. It focused on data from 8 countries…

Gottlieb, Esther E.; Yakir, Ruth

421

Research on the Academic Status of Children with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: A Review of the Literature from 1961 to 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the literature on the academic status of students with emotional and behavioral disabilities including student, placement, and assessment characteristics; functioning level of students; and trends in the research over the past four decades. Limitations of existing research are identified, such as incomplete reporting of…

Trout, Alexandra; Nordness, Philip D.; Pierce, Corey D.; Epstein, Michael H.

2003-01-01

422

On How Editors of Academic Journals at Institutions of Higher Learning Should Resist Academic Corruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic corruption is a hot issue in today's society. "Academic corruption" means that certain individuals in academic circles, driven by the desire for personal gain, resort to various kinds of nonnormative and unethical behavior in academic research activities. These include: academic self-piracy, academic piracy, copying and plagiarism,…

Jing, Xiao

2007-01-01

423

On How Editors of Academic Journals at Institutions of Higher Learning Should Resist Academic Corruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic corruption is a hot issue in today's society. "Academic corruption" means that certain individuals in academic circles, driven by the desire for personal gain, resort to various kinds of nonnormative and unethical behavior in academic research activities. These include: academic self-piracy, academic piracy, copying and plagiarism,…

Jing, Xiao

2007-01-01

424

What's the Value of an Academic Library? The Development of the ACRL Value of Academic Libraries Comprehensive Research Review and Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the process undertaken in the US during 2009/10 in developing a major report on the value of academic libraries. A summary of the key findings and recommendations from the report are also provided. While very much focused on the US situation, the author feels the findings may well have resonance elsewhere,…

Oakleaf, Megan

2011-01-01

425

An Examination of Pre-Entry and Academic Performance Factors that Predict Persistence for Academically Underprepared Students at a Public Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine student demographic, family characteristics, pre-college, and college academic factors that predict persistence between freshmen students who were placed or not placed in remediation courses. The participants for this study were comprised of 3,213 first-time, full-time and part-time, degree-seeking…

Stewart, Sheilynda F.

2010-01-01

426

EPA AND THE ACADEMIC COMMUNITY. PARTNERS IN RESEARCH: SOLICITATION FOR GRANT PROPOSALS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Office of Research and Development (ORD) currently provides assistance for mission related research and development projects through headquarters and 15 major laboratories located throughout the United States. ORD uses the Grant mechanism to accomplish its objectives and prio...

427

Discourse Features of the Student-Produced Academic Research Paper: Variations across Disciplinary Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research paper has been identified as a genre that is commonly produced in both graduate and undergraduate courses. However, researchers have noted that this label tends to be used loosely and that texts referred to as research papers are not characterized by a fixed set of discoursal features [such as Johns A.M. (1997). "Text, role and…

Samraj, Betty

2004-01-01

428

Giving Voice to the Academe: Rich Food for Thought in the Quest for Quality Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports and analyses findings from a qualitative study that explored the impact of organizational policy, cultures and support structures on the research pathways of early career researchers within one Australian university. The author captured the perspectives and experiences of six early and six senior researchers and examined the…

Wingrove, Dallas

2012-01-01

429

Gender Differences on Research: The Perceptions and Use of Academic Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the last years, the increasing pressure over higher education institutions to promote alternative non-state funding sources has lead to an increasing importance given to research and, more specifically to applied research. The notion that women dedicate less time to research may be seen in the new context, as a prominent threat for women to…

Carvalho, Teresa; Santiago, Rui

2008-01-01

430

Academic Excellence: The Role of Research in the Physical Sciences at Undergraduate Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chapters of this collection show that students benefit from a research-based teaching environment, and that students who have the opportunity for research complete their science programs in greater numbers than those who do not. The chapters of section 1, "Achieving Excellence," are: (1) "The Role of Research at Undergraduate Institution: Why Is…

Doyle, Michael P., Ed.

431

Welcome to Our World: Bridging Youth Development Research in Nonprofit and Academic Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary discusses the emergence of youth development research and evaluation in the nonprofit arena over the past 10 to 15 years. Included in this discussion is the establishment of the context for youth development research in nonprofits, a brief description of key examples of research from three youth nonprofits that illustrate the…

Bialeschki, M. Deborah; Conn, Michael

2011-01-01

432

Peer review for the evaluation of the academic research: the Italian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer review, that is the evaluation process based on judgments formulated by independent experts, is generally used for different goals: the allocation of research funding, the review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals, and the assessment of the quality of research conducted by Universities and university-related Institutes. The paper deals with the latter type of peer

Reale Emanuela; Barbara Anna; Costantini Antonio

2006-01-01

433

Impact of Undergraduate Research on Academic Performance, Educational Planning, and Career Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An undergraduate research mentoring program (URMP), initiated at Texas A&M University-Kingsville, was developed (1) to aid undergraduate wildlife students in the design, conduct, and analysis of original research projects; and (2) to encourage students to become effective written and oral communicators by preparing a manuscript of their research

Kinkel, Doreen H.; Henke, Scott E.

2006-01-01

434

The developing utility of zebrafish models for cognitive enhancers research.  

PubMed

Whereas cognitive impairment is a common symptom in multiple brain disorders, predictive and high-throughput animal models of cognition and behavior are becoming increasingly important in the field of translational neuroscience research. In particular, reliable models of the cognitive deficits characteristic of numerous neurobehavioral disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia have become a significant focus of investigation. While rodents have traditionally been used to study cognitive phenotypes, zebrafish (Danio rerio) are gaining popularity as an excellent model to complement current translational neuroscience research. Here we discuss recent advances in pharmacological and genetic approaches using zebrafish models to study cognitive impairments and to discover novel cognitive enhancers and neuroprotective mechanisms. PMID:23449968

Stewart, Adam Michael; Kalueff, Allan V

2012-09-01

435

The Developing Utility of Zebrafish Models for Cognitive Enhancers Research  

PubMed Central

Whereas cognitive impairment is a common symptom in multiple brain disorders, predictive and high-throughput animal models of cognition and behavior are becoming increasingly important in the field of translational neuroscience research. In particular, reliable models of the cognitive deficits characteristic of numerous neurobehavioral disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia have become a significant focus of investigation. While rodents have traditionally been used to study cognitive phenotypes, zebrafish (Danio rerio) are gaining popularity as an excellent model to complement current translational neuroscience research. Here we discuss recent advances in pharmacological and genetic approaches using zebrafish models to study cognitive impairments and to discover novel cognitive enhancers and neuroprotective mechanisms.

Stewart, Adam Michael; Kalueff, Allan V

2012-01-01

436

Managing environmental enhancement plans for individual research projects at a national primate research center.  

PubMed

We describe a method for managing environmental enhancement plans for individual research projects at a national primate research center where most monkeys are assigned to active research projects. The Psychological Well-being Program (PWB) at the University of Washington National Primate Research Center developed an Environmental Enhancement Plan form (EEPL) that allows PWB to quantify and track changes in enrichment allowances over time while ensuring that each animal is provided with as much enrichment as possible without compromising research. Very few projects involve restrictions on toys or perches. Some projects have restrictions on food treats and foraging, primarily involving the provision of these enrichments by research staff instead of husbandry staff. Restrictions are not considered exemptions unless they entirely prohibit an element of the University of Washington Environmental Enhancement Plan (UW EE Plan). All exemptions must be formally reviewed and approved by the institutional animal care and use committee. Most exemptions from elements of the UW EE Plan involve social housing. Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of projects with no social contact restrictions increased by 1%, but those prohibiting any tactile social contact declined by 7%, and projects permitting tactile social contact during part of the study increased by 9%. The EEPL form has facilitated informing investigators about the enrichment their monkeys will receive if no restrictions or exemptions are requested and approved. The EEPL form also greatly enhances PWB's ability to coordinate the specific enrichment requirements of a project. PMID:18459714

Thom, Jinhee P; Crockett, Carolyn M

2008-05-01

437

Impact of patient protection and affordable care act on academic radiology departments' clinical, research, and education missions.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) generated significant media attention since its inception. When the law was approved in 2010, the U.S. health care system began facing multiple changes to adapt and to incorporate measures to meet the new requirements. These mandatory changes will be challenging for academic radiology departments (ARDs) since they will need to promote a shift from a volume-focused to a value-focused practice. This will affect all components of the mission of ARDs, including clinical practice, education, and research. A unique key element to success in this transition is to focus on both quality and safety, thus improving the value of radiology in the post-ACA era. Given the changes ARDs will face during the implementation of ACA, suggestions are provided on how to adapt ARDs to this new environment. PMID:24029052

Mansoori, Bahar; Vidal, Lorenna L; Applegate, Kimberly; Rawson, James V; Novak, Ronald D; Ros, Pablo R

2013-10-01

438

The University-Academic Connection in Research: Corporate Purposes and Social Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The growth of industry-supported research in universities is described, and ethical issues and the role of universities in commercial activities are debated. Industrial objectives, a comparison of some specific agreements, and desirable directions for industry support of university research are discussed. (MLW)|

David, Edward E., Jr.

1982-01-01

439

The Researcher's Journey: Scholarly Navigation of an Academic Library Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A qualitative study of the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library's Web site identified the ways in which students and faculty of the University of Montana used the site for research purposes. This study employed open-ended interview questions and observations to spontaneously capture a user's experience in researching topics in which they…

McCann, Steve; Ravas, Tammy; Zoellner, Kate

2010-01-01

440

Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and research are often seen as activities that compete for a faculty member's time and energy. This perceived disconnect between teaching and research has been reinforced by a number of norms within the academy as well as by institutional practices related to how faculty are managed and rewarded. This article argues that teaching and…

Balkin, David B.; Mello, Jeffrey A.

2012-01-01

441

An Analysis of Academic Research Libraries Assessment Data: A Look at Professional Models and Benchmarking Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research provides the first review of publicly available assessment information found on Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members' websites. After providing an overarching review of benchmarking assessment data, and of professionally recommended assessment models, this paper examines if libraries contextualized their assessment…

Lewin, Heather S.; Passonneau, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

442

Annual Report of the Operation Research Center for Academic Year 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Operations Research Center is to provide a small, full-time analytical capability to both the Academy and the United States Army. The Operations Research Center helps to fill several Academy needs: (1) enriched education for cadets; (2)...

M. J. Davis M. McGinnis F. M. Lamkin

2000-01-01

443

Are There Real Effects of Licensing on Academic Research? A Life Cycle View  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether financial returns to university licensing divert faculty from basic research is examined in a life cycle context. As in traditional life cycle models, faculty devote more time to research, which can be either basic or applied, early and more time to leisure as they age. Licensing has real effects by increasing the ratio of applied to basic effort and

Marie Thursby; Jerry Thursby; Swastika Mukherjee

2005-01-01

444

The Quest for Academic and Occupational Relevance: An Experiment in Evaluation Research Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development and evaluation of a job-related curriculum for higher education programing in criminology designed, in part, to increase students' ability to produce and use evaluation research, and to stimulate commitment to using research in order to promote change from below. (RDN)|

Johnson, Knowlton W.; And Others

1984-01-01

445

The Impact of VA's Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Centers on Academic Affiliates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The education mission of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is to train health professionals to benefit VA and the United States. One approach for achieving that mission, along with VA's research and clinical missions, was the establishment of Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Centers (GRECCs) in 1975. These were developed at VA…

Bragg, Elizabeth J.; Meganathan, Karthikeyan; Shay, Kenneth; Gilman, Stuart C.; Zeiss, Robert A.; Hettler, Debbie L.

2011-01-01

446

Academics and Advocates: Using Participatory Action Research To Influence Welfare Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participatory action research is a useful technique for helping low income groups access postsecondary education. Conducting research involving analysis of the use of surplus welfare funds and federal regulations and advocating policy changes by explaining the benefits of public investment in postsecondary education are two roles for consumer…

Quoss, Bernita; Cooney, Margaret; Longhurst, Terri

2000-01-01

447

Academics and Advocates: Using Participatory Action Research To Influence Welfare Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participatory action research is a useful technique for helping low income groups access postsecondary education. Conducting research involving analysis of the use of surplus welfare funds and federal regulations and advocating policy changes by explaining the benefits of public investment in postsecondary education are two roles for consumer…

Quoss, Bernita; Cooney, Margaret; Longhurst, Terri

2000-01-01

448

Retention and Academic Achievement Research Revisited from a United States Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational researchers in the United States contend that making low-performing students repeat a grade is an ineffective educational practice. This view derives largely from the summary of grade retention research reported by Holmes (1989). A meta-analysis of more recent studies (Jimerson, 2001) also concludes that the practice of grade…

Lorence, Jon

2006-01-01

449

The Electronic Academic Library: Undergraduate Research Behavior in a Library Without Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines undergraduate students' research habits in a strictly electronic library environment at a large public university. Unlike most information commons, the campus' electronic library is not housed within a traditional library space and provides access to electronic research materials exclusively. This study finds that undergraduate students in this electronic library rely primarily on Internet sites and online instruction

Anna M. Van Scoyoc; Caroline Cason

2006-01-01

450

Border crossings: Research training, knowledge dissemination and the transformation of academic work  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the crossroads of current innovation policies towards a European Research Area (ERA) and a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) lies an important province of higher learning and research: doctoral training and the further careers of PhD graduates. A considerable number of higher education systems across Europe shift their paradigms for doctoral training away from the traditional so-called Humboldtian model

Jürgen Enders

2005-01-01

451

Writing Groups, Change and Academic Identity: Research development as local practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of the research potential of university staff has been given less attention than many other aspects of professional development, particularly teaching development. Yet there is an important need for the development of staff in the research role in the light of growth of higher education and changes to the organisation of the sector in many countries. This article

Alison Lee; David Boud

2003-01-01

452

Marketing, Investment, and Institutional Renewal in the Academic Research Sector. AIR 1986 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problem of selective renewal of basic research capability within a professional (medical) school of a major research university is addressed. Attention is directed to a strategy and process for conducting such a revitalization that includes marketing the program in a partnership modality to a local foundation. Reasons that the foundation…

Kutina, Kenneth L.; And Others

453

Academic Incentives for Faculty Participation in Community-based Participatory Research  

PubMed Central

Recognizing the need to overcome the obstacles of traditional university- and discipline-oriented research approaches, a variety of incentives to promote community-based participatory research (CBPR) are presented. Experiences of existing CBPR researchers are used in outlining how this methodological approach can appeal to faculty: the common ground shared by faculty and community leaders in challenging the status quo; opportunities to have an impact on local, regional, and national policy; and opening doors for new research and funding opportunities. Strategies for promoting CBPR in universities are provided in getting CBPR started, changing institutional practices currently inhibiting CBPR, and institutionalizing CBPR. Among the specific strategies are: development of faculty research networks; team approaches to CBPR; mentoring faculty and students; using existing national CBPR networks; modifying tenure and promotion guidelines; development of appropriate measures of CBPR scholarship; earmarking university resources to support CBPR; using Institutional Review Boards to promote CBPR; making CBPR-oriented faculty appointments; and creating CBPR centers.

Nyden, Philip

2003-01-01

454

Challenging Perceptions of Academic Research as Bias Free: Promoting a Social Justice Framework in Social Work Research Methods Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The required research courses in social work education are, perhaps, one of the more difficult content areas in which to infuse direct teaching and knowledge acquisition of multiculturalism. The study presented in this article examines the outcomes of systematically addressing social justice within a required master's level social work research methods course. The study tests the efficacy of a two-part

Nicole Nicotera; N. Eugene Walls

2010-01-01

455

Modern International Research Groups: Networks and Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a globalized economy, education and research are becoming increasing international in content and context. Academic and research institutions worldwide try to internationalize their programs by setting formal or informal collaborations. An education that is enhanced by international experiences leads to mobility of the science and technology workforce. Existing academic cultures and research structures are at odds with efforts to

Linda Katehi

2009-01-01

456

Managing Multiple Projects: A Literature Review of Setting Priorities and a Pilot Survey of Healthcare Researchers in an Academic Setting  

PubMed Central

Objectives To summarize and then assess with a pilot study the use of published best practice recommendations for priority setting during management of multiple healthcare research projects, in a resource-constrained environment. Methods Medical, economic, business, and operations literature was reviewed to summarize and develop a survey to assess best practices for managing multiple projects. Fifteen senior healthcare research project managers, directors, and faculty at an urban academic institution were surveyed to determine most commonly used priority rules, ranking of rules, characteristics of their projects, and availability of resources. Survey results were compared to literature recommendations to determine use of best practices. Results Seven priority-setting rules were identified for managing multiple projects. Recommendations on assigning priorities by project characteristics are presented. In the pilot study, a large majority of survey respondents follow best practice recommendations identified in the research literature. However, priority rules such as Most Total Successors (MTS) and Resource Scheduling Method (RSM) were used “very often” by half of the respondents when better performing priority rules were available. Conclusions Through experience, project managers learn to manage multiple projects under resource constraints. Best practice literature can assist project managers in priority setting by recommending the most appropriate priority given resource constraints and project characteristics. There is room for improvement in managing multiple projects.

Hopkins, Robert Borden; Campbell, Kaitryn; O'Reilly, Daria; Tarride, Jean-Eric; Bowen, Jim; Blackhouse, Gord; Goerre, Ron

2007-01-01

457

Enhancing Scientifically-Based Research for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a brief overview of the No Child Left Behind Act (2001) requirement that schools use instructional strategies based on scientifically-based research (SBR) to improve the academic performance of students. Controversies resulting from the definition of SBR, complexities encountered in conducting research in schools, and the…

Ortiz, Alba A.; Yates, James R.

2008-01-01

458

Building Community in Academic Settings: The Importance of Flexibility in a Structured Mentoring Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic mentoring is increasingly being used by many universities as a tool to enhance the quality of research-led teaching, promote cross-faculty collaboration and encourage a mentoring culture and community. This article reports on a pilot project established to investigate the benefits of building flexibility into a structured academic

Ewing, Robyn; Freeman, Mark; Barrie, Simon; Bell, Amani; O'Connor, Donna; Waugh, Fran; Sykes, Chris

2008-01-01

459

Mentoring Urban Black Middle School Male Students: Implications for Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers have called for innovative and culturally responsive intervention programs to enhance male, Black middle school students' academic achievement. Mentoring has received considerable attention as a novel remedy. Although anecdotal evidence supports the positive role of mentoring on academic achievement, these results are not consistent.…

Gordon, Derrick M.; Iwamoto, Derek K.; Ward, Nadia; Potts, Randolph; Boyd, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

460

In support of social scholarship: the role of the academic library  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the academic environment the use of social networking and digital content sites has impacted considerably on scholarly activities of academics and students. Libraries can and should play an important role in supporting academia in their use of these social tools as part of the research process. A Web 2\\/Library 2 strategy and implementation plan, with the aim of enhancing

Cecilia Penzhorn

461

[AGIKO (Clinical Research Fellow); a training model aimed at enhancement of clinical scientific research].  

PubMed

The enhancement of clinical scientific research in the Netherlands is being stimulated to a substantial extent by the introduction and stimulation of a training model aimed at the combined training of physicians to both a general practitioner or specialist and a clinical researcher, the AGIKO (Clinical Research Fellow). The model has been recognized by the Central College for Recognition and Registration of Medical Specialists. Extra stimulation by the section Medical Sciences of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (MW-NWO) makes it possible to appoint AGIKOs on second or third flows of funds but also within the first flow of funds. During the last two years, 25 AGIKO applications from ten medical specialisms have been approved. The AGIKO model may help to meet (expected) needs for future clinical-medical research workers in specific research areas. PMID:9380169

van Rees-Wortelboer, M M; Lamberts, S W; Klasen, E C

1997-06-21

462

Utilising Recent Advancements in Techniques for the Analysis of Incomplete Multivariate Data to Improve the Data Quality Management of Current Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the importance of managing data quality in academic research in its relation to satisfying the customer. This focus is on the data completeness objectivedimension of data quality in relation to recent advancements which have been made in the development of methods for analysing incomplete multivariate data. An overview and comparison of the traditional techniques with the recent

David J. Fogarty; John Blake

2002-01-01

463

The Administrator as Superhero: A Commentary on Balkin and Mello's "Facilitating and Creating Synergies between Teaching and Research: The Role of the Academic Administrator"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a way to achieve better alignment of the ongoing teaching-research activity gap in business schools, David Balkin and Jeff Mello suggest that schools need to hire academic administrators with significantly developed management skills. The author responds to this recommendation with two concerns. First, many of the causes of the…

Lewicki, Roy J.

2012-01-01

464

The implementation of information technology projects in Polish research and academic libraries in the early 1990s: questions of scope and effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports the results of an inquiry directed at Polish academic, research and scientific libraries. An appraisal of the current IT infrastructure, degree of advances in automation in libraries, and utilization of the electronic sources has been carried out, based on the completed questionnaires received from the libraries in question. It has been recognized that the best developed IT infrastructure is

Miroslaw Górny; Artur Jazdon

1997-01-01

465

Commercializing Academic Research: Resource Effects on Performance of University Technology Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated factors that may explain differential performance with university technology transfer, the process of transforming research into marketable products. Utilizing multi-source data on 108 universities, a set of internal and external resources were found to be significant predictors of one or more of three technology transfer…

Powers, Joshua B.

2003-01-01

466

Using Pedestrian Choice Research to Facilitate Resource Engagement in a Midsized Academic Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For a 1-year period, visitors to the Nelson Poynter Memorial Library, University of South Florida St. Petersburg were observed regarding how they negotiated through the first floor and interacted with the library resources and educational displays. Pedestrian choice research was applied to the library to better understand visitor movement and…

van Beynen, Kaya; Pettijohn, Patricia; Carrel, Marcy

2010-01-01

467

Factors Related to Faculty Research Productivity and Implications for Academic Planners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scrutiny over faculty allocations of time and subsequent outcomes is frequent in postsecondary education, especially at state research universities (those that receive appropriations from the state). Particularly during economic downturns, college officials and legislators must make difficult choices in fund allocation. For this reason, faculty…

Webber, Karen L.

2011-01-01

468

Improved Vocational, Technical and Academic Opportunities for Deaf People: Research Component. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 5-year project is planned to increase opportunities for the deaf by using existing vocational and technical schools and junior colleges customarily serving the hearing. Its pilot planning phase developed guidelines for program establishment and administration and a research plan for program evaluation and improvement. Preparatory meetings and…

Craig, William N.; Burrows, Nona L.

469

Evaluating the Efficiency of Research in Academic Departments: An Empirical Analysis in an Italian Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the efficiency of university departments in science, technology and medicine in an Italian Region (Lombardy). The aim of the paper is twofold: (i) to analyse the changes in productivity in recent years (from 2004 and 2007); and (ii) to detect factors that are potentially affecting efficiency. The research benefited from a…

Agasisti, Tommaso; Dal Bianco, Antonio; Landoni, Paolo; Sala, Alessandro; Salerno, Mario

2011-01-01

470

Still Academic and National--Internationalisation in Norwegian Research and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper discusses strategies for internationalisation in Norwegian research and higher educational institutions in terms of understanding them in relation to the organisations' relation to environments and/or in relation to the organisations basic values and identities. The empirical material consists of six case studies (3 universities, 2…

Frolich, Nicoline

2006-01-01

471

When Somebody's Watching: Researching the Workplace Impact of Academic Audit. AIR 2002 Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proposed quality assurance framework for higher education in Australia will, for the first time since the early 1990s, introduce a process of external quality monitoring through the auspices of the Australian Universities Quality Agency. There is little research that evaluates the impact of external monitoring on the experiences of staff,…

Palermo, Josephine

472

Academic Research Facilities: Financing Strategies. Report of a Conference (Washington, DC, July 22-23, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The obsolescence of university research facilities is addressed in this 1985 conference report. Seven of the major topics were potential action items for Congress and federal agencies, including approaches to facilities funding, such as acceleration of indirect cost recovery, provision of credit support, and federal funding of a national facility…

McCullough, Jim; Dennis, Pat

473

Duane Webster's Contribution to Organization Development in Academic and Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Duane Webster is a visionary leader who, throughout his career, has had a significant impact on the improvement of libraries and librarianship. His work to establish the Association of Research Library's (ARL) Office of Management Studies (OMS) and its several organizational improvement programs laid the foundation for organization development in…

Sullivan, Maureen

2009-01-01

474

Field Dependence-Independence Cognitive Style and Academic Achievement: A Review of Research and Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews research into the possible effects of field dependence/independence on achievement at school. Finds that field-independent subjects perform better than field-dependent subjects, whether in a specific discipline or across all subjects. Discusses possible explanations for this difference in performance. Includes a chart summarizing the…

Tinajero, Carolina; Paramo, M. Fernanda

1998-01-01

475

What Research Says about the Effect of Academic Enrichment on the Success Rate of Baccalaureate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the nursing literature, many variables have been used in research to identify students at risk, predict program success, and to indicate the best time to identify at-risk students and how to predict success on the Nursing Council Licensure Exam for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). In general, American College Testing Program (ACT) scores…

Fearing, Arleen

476

Scholarly communication and electronic journals: issues and prospects for academic and research libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to summarize the developments taking place in the scholarly communication system by reviewing the published literature on journal subscriptions, electronic publishing, electronic journals, Internet and changing information needs of researchers. It examines the role of different players in the scholarly communication process such as authors, commercial publishers, libraries, universities, and learned societies, their problems

Mamidi Koteswara Rao

2001-01-01

477

Organizational Effects on First-Year Students' Academic Outcomes at a New Public Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between organizational behavior and student outcomes has been understudied, especially in less selective public research universities and among students from underrepresented populations. This study draws on Berger and Milem's (2000) framework to examine the relationship between student entry characteristics, organizational…

Nunez, Anne-Marie

2009-01-01

478

Designing a Qualitative Research for Evaluation of English for Academic Purposes Activity in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence-based teacher education provides new knowledge within the knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation. Communicative competence is of the greatest importance which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission, 2004). The successful…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

479

Interactive online instruction for library research: the small academic library experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning is not an electronic process. Technology has become so imbedded in library services that few college students have a memory of a pre-electronic database world of research. Nonetheless, most users experience frustration in trying to negotiate resources or retrieve focused, useful information. Technology and its partner, information literacy, equip students with the tools needed for a proactive role in

Mary Ann Tricarico; Susan von Daum Tholl; Elena O’Malley; Robert E Dugan

2001-01-01

480

The Impact of Electronic Resources on Serial Cancellations and Remote Storage Decisions in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN THE PAST, SERIAL CANCELLATIONSAND STORAGE DECISIONS focused pri- marily on print resources. With the addition of electronic resources, li- brarians in large research institutions must now manage an integrated col- lection consisting of both print and electronic formats. This article ex- plores the impact that electronic resources have on such deaccession de- cisions. The authors identify criteria for these

Janice M. Jaguszewski; Laura K. Probst

2000-01-01

481

Researching Early Schooling: poststructural practices and academic writing in an ethnography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Locating oneself as a poststructuralist not only emphasises multiple readings of texts, but generates data comparable with this location. This article considers some possibilities in researching everyday happenings at primary school. Reading and producing discourses, rather than texts only, involves bringing into play our own subjective understandings. Writing differently then becomes a methodology for the analysis of what we have

1996-01-01

482

Content Analysis of International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education: 18 Years of Academic Publishing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the history of the "International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education" (IRGEE) journal in terms of its sustainable future. The development of geographical and environmental education is evaluated, as reflected from the papers published in the journal "IRGEE". A content analysis of all papers and forum sections…

Kidman, Gillian; Papadimitriou, Fivos

2012-01-01

483

Duane Webster's Contribution to Organization Development in Academic and Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Duane Webster is a visionary leader who, throughout his career, has had a significant impact on the improvement of libraries and librarianship. His work to establish the Association of Research Library's (ARL) Office of Management Studies (OMS) and its several organizational improvement programs laid the foundation for organization development in libraries. These programs included a series of management and leadership

Maureen Sullivan

2009-01-01

484

Fostering Education and Research Goals Through Partnerships Between Academic Programs and Geoinformatics Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geoinformatics resources are indispensable tools for researchers and educators at the forefront of geoscience. One example is PetDB (http://www.petdb.org) which serves as a data resource and reference in a broad suite of studies of the solid earth and is cited in over 160 peer-reviewed articles. The ongoing success of geochemical and petrological database projects, such as PetDB, SedDB, and the EarthChem Deep Lithosphere dataset depends on addressing disciplinary interest and scientific need. A new generation of scientists who understand and utilize online data resources therefore possess a unique advantage over researchers with limited experience using online databases in that they can help shape the way the resources evolve. In an effort to foment awareness and further research goals, students and faculty from the University of Texas at Dallas, Rutgers University, and Columbia University have partnered with researchers at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory to provide training in the use and development of geochemical databases to undergraduate and graduate students. Student internships lasting between 6 weeks and two months consisted of familiarization with relational databases at every level. Internships were developed to extend and apply students' prior knowledge to the development of data resources, to nurture interest in geochemistry and petrology, and to encourage students into pursuing graduate studies by engaging them in current scientific topics. Students were mentored one-on-one and assigned to data compilation in specific topics with the intent of providing background in the literature that can be used in future research papers. Outcomes of the internships include the development of a new petrological dataset of samples from the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP), expansion of a database of mantle xenoliths (EarthChem Deep Lithosphere Dataset) that will serve as a major component to a doctoral dissertation, and the development of a classification for mantle peridotites. These efforts are expected to have a significant impact on long-standing research issues and will provide insight into the processes involving the breakup of Pangea, the influence of large igneous provinces on mass extinctions, and the evolution of the North American lithospheric mantle.

Block, K. A.; Lehnert, K. A.; Johansson, A. K.; Herzberg, C. T.; Stern, R. J.; Bloomer, S.; Gerard-Little, P.; Paul, M.; Raye, U.; Sou, N.

2007-12-01

485

Relational methodology for integrating and analyzing field test and research data describing enhanced oil recovery  

SciTech Connect

This report demonstrates the application of concepts of relational analysis for the integration of two experimental data bases created by Gulf Universities Research Consortium: the Enhanced Oil Recovery Field Test Data Base; and the Enhanced Oil Recovery Research Data Base.

Bavinger, B.A.; Callaway, S.; Goodbread, D.T.; Gumnick, J.L.

1981-10-01

486

Fostering Education and Research Goals Through Partnerships Between Academic Programs and Geoinformatics Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geoinformatics resources are indispensable tools for researchers and educators at the forefront of geoscience. One example is PetDB (http:\\/\\/www.petdb.org) which serves as a data resource and reference in a broad suite of studies of the solid earth and is cited in over 160 peer-reviewed articles. The ongoing success of geochemical and petrological database projects, such as PetDB, SedDB, and the

K. A. Block; K. A. Lehnert; A. K. Johansson; C. T. Herzberg; R. J. Stern; S. Bloomer; P. Gerard-Little; M. Paul; U. Raye; N. Sou

2007-01-01

487

The Combinatorial Approach for Heterogeneous Catalysis: A Challenge for Academic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Over the past five years, combinatorial chemistry applied to heterogeneous catalysis has been dealt with in more and more\\u000a articles, reviews and patents (Fig. 1). This methodology remains very controversial, however. Today, within universities as\\u000a well as within public and private research centres, attitudes toward combinatorial methods run the gamut from fascination\\u000a to scepticism (or even outright rejection). The debate

D. Farrusseng; L. Baumes; I. Vauthey; C. Hayaud; P. Denton; C. Mirodatos

488

The Web as a source of unconventional research materials in second language academic writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined 68 Web sources selected by 19 second-language (L2) students while preparing to write research papers. Students submitted an annotated bibliography consisting of ten sources from print or electronic media. Each Web source was classified according to type (e.g., news or advocacy). Of the 68 sites, 29 were considered conventional, i.e., similar to materials housed in libraries (e.g.,

Paul Stapleton; Rena Helms-Park; Pavlina Radia

2006-01-01

489

Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program  

SciTech Connect

This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research is a multi-year collaborative effort with the New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (NMPRRC), to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. Results from the wettability research will be applied to determine if alteration of wettability is a significant contributing mechanism for MEOR systems. Eight facultatively anaerobic surfactant producing isolates able to function in the reservoir conditions of the Minnelusa A Sands of the Powder River Basin in Wyoming were isolated from naturally occurring oil-laden environments. Isolates were characterized according to morphology, thermostability, halotolerance, growth substrates, affinity to crude oil/brine interfaces, degradative effects on crude oils, and biochemical profiles. Research at the INEL has focused on the elucidation of microbial mechanisms by which crude oil may be recovered from a reservoir and the chemical and physical properties of the reservoir that may impact the effectiveness of MEOR. Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 (ATCC 39307) has been used as a benchmark organism to quantify MEOR of medium weight crude oils (17.5 to 38.1{degrees}API) the capacity for oil recovery of Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 utilizing a sucrose-based nutrient has been elucidated using Berea sandstone cores. Spacial distribution of cells after microbial flooding has been analyzed with scanning electron microscopy. Also the effect of microbial surfactants on the interfacial tensions (IFT) of aqueous/crude oil systems has been measured. 87 refs., 60 figs., 15 tabs.

Thomas, C.P.; Bala, G.A.; Duvall, M.L.

1991-07-01

490

Hard Labour? Academic Work and the Changing Landscape of Higher Education. International Perspectives on Higher Education Research. Volume 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written across a period of intense turmoil and change in higher education in Australia and England. The authors are deeply unsettled by these changes and wish to open up the discussion about what it means to be an academic and engage in academic work in the 21st century. Accordingly, each of the authors has nominated a theme or lens…

Fitzgerald, Tanya, Ed.; White, Julie, Ed.; Gunter, Helen M., Ed.

2012-01-01

491

Academic Libraries and the Semantic Web: What the Future May Hold for Research-Supporting Library Catalogues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how future metadata capabilities could enable academic libraries to exploit information on the emerging Semantic Web in their library catalogues. Whereas current metadata architectures treat the Web as a simple means of interchanging bibliographic data that have been created by libraries, this paper suggests that academic

Campbell, D. Grant; Fast, Karl V.

2004-01-01

492

Academic Employment and Retrenchment: Judicial Review and Administrative Action. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report No. 8, 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major legal issues pertaining to academic employment are examined. Four areas affecting higher education are analyzed in depth: employment practices, equal pay, developing issues under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972; and financial exigency. In addition, guidelines for evaluating current institutional academic employment practices…

Hendrickson, Robert M.; Lee, Barbara A.

493

Teaching and Research in English Higher Education: New divisions of labour and changing perspectives on core academic roles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK higher education (HE) system has undergone dramatic changes between the surveys of academics in England in 1992 (supported by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching) and those throughout the United Kingdom (UK) for the Changing Academic Profession (CAP) study in 2007. The formal binary divide between universities and the larger non-university institutions (polytechnics) was abolished in

William Locke; Alice Bennion

494

Developing Relationships between Academic Libraries and the State Library of Pennsylvania. A Report of Research with Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Pennsylvania State Library's Office of Resource Sharing and Academic Libraries conducted a survey in 1986 to assess the needs of academic libraries in the state. Data were gathered via a questionnaire that was mailed to directors of 180 libraries at Pennsylvania postsecondary institutions offering at least a two-year degree. Usable responses…

Townley, Charles T.

495

A Preliminary Research on Middle School Students' Academic Subjective Well-Being and Its Major Influential Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is conducted with self-developed questionnaire on 910 middle school students, aimed at describing middle school students' academic subjective well-being and exploring its influential factors. Results show that (1) Academic subjective well-being of middle school students is generally low and there exist differences in different schools…

Liu, Dianzhi; Zhang, Ronghua

2006-01-01

496

Are the fruits of research available to all? The effects of sex and academic rank on reprint-sending behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable evidence in the psychological literature that perceived status often has a major effect on behavior. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of two status variables in an academic setting by monitoring reprint-sending behavior. Reprints were requested from 1,200 authors of psychological articles by men and women of varying academic rank. Neither

Alan Searleman; C. Donald Morris; Mark Becker; Vivian P. Makosky

1983-01-01

497

Academic Libraries and the Semantic Web: What the Future May Hold for Research-Supporting Library Catalogues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines how future metadata capabilities could enable academic libraries to exploit information on the emerging Semantic Web in their library catalogues. Whereas current metadata architectures treat the Web as a simple means of interchanging bibliographic data that have been created by libraries, this paper suggests that academic

Campbell, D. Grant; Fast, Karl V.

2004-01-01

498

Use of a Web-Based Academic Alert System for Identification of Underachieving Students at an Urban Research Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early alert strategies are an increasingly common way to address students' ongoing needs for greater academic and social engagement by enabling a positive campus environment and appropriate academic support; Kuh et al. find these to be necessary engagement conditions. Young and Fry show the benefits of student metacognition, or awareness of…

Donnelly, John E.

2010-01-01

499

Assessment accommodations on tests of academic achievement for students who are deaf or hard of hearing: a qualitative meta-analysis of the research literature.  

PubMed

The authors conducted a qualitative meta-analysis of the research on assessment accommodations for students who are deaf or hard of hearing. There were 16 identified studies that analyzed the impact of factors related to student performance on academic assessments across different educational settings, content areas, and types of assessment accommodations. The meta-analysis found that the results of analyses of group effects of accommodated versus unaccommodated test formats are often not significant, test-level factors exist that can affect how students perceive the assessments, and differences exist in how test items function across different conditions. Student-level factors, including educational context and academic proficiency, influence accommodations' role in assessment processes. The results of this analysis highlight the complexity of and intersections between student-level factors, test-level factors, and larger policy contexts. Findings are discussed within the context of larger changes in academic assessment, including computer-based administration and high-stakes testing. PMID:24133960

Cawthon, Stephanie; Leppo, Rachel

2013-01-01

500

Digital Storytelling for Enhancing Student Academic Achievement, Critical Thinking, and Learning Motivation: A Year-Long Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of Digital storytelling (DST) on the academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation of senior high school students learning English as a foreign language. The one-year study adopted a pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design involving 110 10th grade students in two English…

Yang, Ya-Ting C.; Wu, Wan-Chi I.

2012-01-01