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Sample records for academic school readiness

  1. Academic College Readiness Indicators of Seniors Enrolled in University-Model Schools® and Traditional, Comprehensive Christian Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brobst, Sharon Christian

    2013-01-01

    This correlational study examined the relationship between type of high school a senior attends (University-Model SchoolRTM (UMS RTM) or traditional, comprehensive Christian) and academic college readiness, when controlling for prior academic achievement and gender. The study compared archival data from Christian school graduates from six schools…

  2. Academic College Readiness Indicators of Seniors Enrolled in University-Model SchoolsĀ® and Traditional, Comprehensive Christian Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brobst, Sharon Christian

    2013-01-01

    This correlational study examined the relationship between type of high school a senior attends (University-Model SchoolRTM (UMS RTM) or traditional, comprehensive Christian) and academic college readiness, when controlling for prior academic achievement and gender. The study compared archival data from Christian school graduates from six schoolsā€¦

  3. Parental Influence, School Readiness and Early Academic Achievement of African American Boys

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joe, Emanique M.; Davis, James Earl

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between parental influence and the school readiness of African American boys, using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: ECLS-K, Parents' influence, via their academic beliefs and behaviors, was associated with the cognitive performance of African American boys during kindergarten. While previousā€¦

  4. Measuring Academic Readiness for College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.

    2012-01-01

    Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school-college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governingā€¦

  5. The Genetic-Environmental Etiology of Cognitive School Readiness and Later Academic Achievement in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Boivin, Michel; Forget-Dubois, Nadine; Dionne, Ginette; Seguin, Jean R.; Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.; Perusse, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Using a genetic design of 840 60-month-old twins, this study investigated the genetic and environmental contributions to (a) individual differences in four components of cognitive school readiness, (b) the general ability underlying these four components, and (c) the predictive association between school readiness and school achievement. Resultsā€¦

  6. Effectiveness of Selected Advanced Placement Programs on the Academic Performance and College Readiness of High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Traschell S.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of selected Advanced Placement (AP) programs on the academic performance and college readiness of high school students. Specifically, the researcher was concerned with ascertaining the effectiveness of social science, math, science, English, music/art and language AP programs on theā€¦

  7. Academic Outcomes of the Chicago School Readiness Project in First Grade: Do Children's Approaches to Learning Mediate Treatment Effects on Academic Skills?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li-Grining, Christine; Haas, Kelly

    2010-01-01

    The Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), a randomized, classroom-based mental health intervention, aimed to improve teachers' behavior management of preschoolers' dysregulated behavior. The current follow-up study examines potential impacts on academic skills of first graders by enhancing their ATL. This investigation seeks to answer threeā€¦

  8. Measuring Academic Language Proficiency in School-Age English Language Proficiency Assessments under New College and Career Readiness Standards in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frantz, Roger S.; Bailey, Alison L.; Starr, Laura; Perea, Luis

    2014-01-01

    The current focus across the U.S. on student college and career readiness standards makes clear that both instruction and assessment of academic English will continue to be important for school-age English learner (EL) students. This article presents an overview and summary of key literature on academic language (usually academic English);ā€¦

  9. Measuring Academic Language Proficiency in School-Age English Language Proficiency Assessments under New College and Career Readiness Standards in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frantz, Roger S.; Bailey, Alison L.; Starr, Laura; Perea, Luis

    2014-01-01

    The current focus across the U.S. on student college and career readiness standards makes clear that both instruction and assessment of academic English will continue to be important for school-age English learner (EL) students. This article presents an overview and summary of key literature on academic language (usually academic English);…

  10. The Relative Effects of Chronological Age on Hispanic Students' School Readiness and Grade 2 Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furlong, Michael; Quirk, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relations of age, preschool experience, and gender with children's school readiness levels at kindergarten entry. The sample included 5,512 children of predominantly Hispanic heritage and from families experiencing low socioeconomic circumstances. A series of between-subjects ANOVAs indicated that age ("Eta"[superscript 2]ā€¦

  11. Cognitive Flexibility, Approaches to Learning, and Academic School Readiness in Head Start Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitiello, Virginia E.; Greenfield, Daryl B.; Munis, Pelin; George, J'Lene

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine whether approaches to learning significantly mediated relations between cognitive flexibility (a component of executive functions) and school readiness in Head Start preschoolers. A total of 191 children from 22 Head Start classrooms were directly assessed on cognitive flexibility and…

  12. Cognitive Flexibility, Approaches to Learning, and Academic School Readiness in Head Start Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitiello, Virginia E.; Greenfield, Daryl B.; Munis, Pelin; George, J'Lene

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine whether approaches to learning significantly mediated relations between cognitive flexibility (a component of executive functions) and school readiness in Head Start preschoolers. A total of 191 children from 22 Head Start classrooms were directly assessed on cognitive flexibility andā€¦

  13. Promoting academic and social-emotional school readiness: the head start REDI program.

    PubMed

    Bierman, Karen L; Domitrovich, Celene E; Nix, Robert L; Gest, Scott D; Welsh, Janet A; Greenberg, Mark T; Blair, Clancy; Nelson, Keith E; Gill, Sukhdeep

    2008-01-01

    Forty-four Head Start classrooms were randomly assigned to enriched intervention (Head Start REDI-Research-based, Developmentally Informed) or "usual practice" conditions. The intervention involved brief lessons, "hands-on" extension activities, and specific teaching strategies linked empirically with the promotion of: (a) social-emotional competencies and (b) language development and emergent literacy skills. Take-home materials were provided to parents to enhance skill development at home. Multimethod assessments of three hundred and fifty-six 4-year-old children tracked their progress over the course of the 1-year program. Results revealed significant differences favoring children in the enriched intervention classrooms on measures of vocabulary, emergent literacy, emotional understanding, social problem solving, social behavior, and learning engagement. Implications are discussed for developmental models of school readiness and for early educational programs and policies. PMID:19037951

  14. Promoting Academic and Social-Emotional School Readiness: The Head Start REDI Program

    PubMed Central

    Bierman, Karen L.; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Nix, Robert L.; Gest, Scott D.; Welsh, Janet A.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Blair, Clancy; Nelson, Keith E.; Gill, Sukhdeep

    2013-01-01

    Forty-four Head Start classrooms were randomly assigned to enriched intervention (Head Start REDI- Research-based, Developmentally Informed) or ā€œusual practiceā€ conditions. The intervention involved brief lessons, ā€œhands onā€ extension activities, and specific teaching strategies linked empirically with the promotion of: 1) social-emotional competencies, and 2) language development and emergent literacy skills. Take-home materials were provided to parents to enhance skill development at home. Multi-method assessments of 356 4-year-old children tracked their progress over the course of the one-year program. Results revealed significant differences favoring children in the enriched intervention classrooms on measures of vocabulary, emergent literacy, emotional understanding, social problem-solving, social behavior, and learning engagement. Implications are discussed for developmental models of school readiness and for early educational programs and policies. PMID:19037951

  15. Reforming Preschool to Ready Children for Academic Achievement: A Case Study of the Impact of Pre-K Reform on the Issue of School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Christopher P.

    2013-01-01

    Research Findings: Policymakers preschool reforms that are to prepare young children for school success have sparked important conversations within the field of early childhood education over how these programs are to ready young children for school. This article presents findings from a case study that examined this issue of school readinessā€¦

  16. Supporting the Academic Excellence, Engagement, and College Readiness of High School ESOL Students through ESOL Student Service Learning Clubs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maina, Nyambura Susan; McGaughey, Trisha; Wade, Julie

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) Student Service Learning (SSL) Club on academic and non-academic outcomes for students receiving ESOL services during 2012-2013 in six high schools in Montgomery County (Maryland) Public Schools (MCPS). The ESOL SSL Club convenes regularlyā€¦

  17. Children's School Readiness in the ECLS-K: Predictions to Academic, Health, and Social Outcomes in First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hair, Elizabeth; Halle, Tamara; Terry-Humen, Elizabeth; Lavelle, Bridget; Calkins, Julia

    2006-01-01

    Two studies examine patterns of school readiness in children at school entry and how these patterns predict first-grade outcomes in a nationally representative sample of first-time kindergartners from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (N = 17,219). In Study 1, cluster analyses revealed four profiles atā€¦

  18. Development of Test of Academic Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasintorn, Tanachit

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a test of academic readiness for first grade instruction in Thailand. Test of Academic Readiness (TAR) consists of six domains: verbal, visual, memory, math, logical, and general knowledge. Two pilot studies were carried out and a main study tested items in those domains. Rasch model was used to assess theā€¦

  19. School Readiness Indicator Items.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calkins, Julia; Ling, Thomson; Moore, Eric; Halle, Tamara; Hair, Beth; Moore, Kris; Zaslow, Marty

    This report provides a compilation of indicators of school readiness used in national, state, and local surveys in the United States, delineating the advantages and disadvantages for each indicator. The report begins with a legend to assist in interpreting the tables and includes contact information for national and state surveys. The remainder ofā€¦

  20. School Readiness Factor Analyzed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brenner, Anton; Scott, Leland H.

    This paper is an empirical statistical analysis and interpretation of data relating to school readiness previously examined and reported on a theoretical basis. A total of 118 white, middle class children from six consecutive kindergarten groups in Dearborn, Michigan were tested with seven instruments, evaluated in terms of achievement, ability,ā€¦

  1. Urban-Schooled Latina/os, Academic Literacies, and Identities: (Re)Conceptualizing College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hungerford-Kresser, Holly; Amaro-Jimenez, Carla

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative case study focuses on the early college experiences of five Latina/o urban-schooled students who graduated in the top 10% of their high school class, guaranteeing them admission into a prestigious four year state university. Although all participated in transition initiatives, and initially felt equipped to participate inā€¦

  2. Parents' Conceptions of School Readiness, Transition Practices, and Children's Academic Achievement Trajectories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puccioni, Jaime

    2015-01-01

    The author empirically tests the conceptual model of academic socialization, which suggests that parental cognitions about schooling influence parenting practices and child outcomes during the transition to school (Taylor, Clayton, & Rowley, 2004). More specifically, the author examines associations among parents' conceptions of schoolā€¦

  3. Jungle Gym or Brain Gym. Playgrounds Can Improve Academic Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendy, Teresa B.

    2000-01-01

    A well-developed playground in a park or school setting can greatly enhance childen's overall development, making playgrounds more than just fun. Playgrounds offer children opportunities to develop physically, mentally, and socially, improving academic readiness as well as overall health. The paper discusses the importance of movement, howā€¦

  4. Young Children's Emotional Development and School Readiness. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raver, C. Cybele

    The current emphasis on children's academic preparedness continues to overshadow the importance of children's social and emotional development for school readiness. This Digest presents a brief overview of longitudinal research linking children's emotional development to school readiness and early childhood success, and then discusses…

  5. Academic Socialization and the Transition to Elementary School: Parents' Conceptions of School Readiness, Practices, and Children's Academic Achievement Trajectories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puccioni, Jaime Lynn

    2012-01-01

    By the time children enter kindergarten, significant socioeconomic and racial gaps in academic achievement exist (Coley, 2002; Rouse, Brooks-Gunn, & Mclanahan, 2005). Kindergarten is considered to be a pivotal point of educational transition, as academic achievement upon kindergarten entry is associated with subsequent academic successā€¦

  6. Academic Socialization and the Transition to Elementary School: Parents' Conceptions of School Readiness, Practices, and Children's Academic Achievement Trajectories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puccioni, Jaime Lynn

    2012-01-01

    By the time children enter kindergarten, significant socioeconomic and racial gaps in academic achievement exist (Coley, 2002; Rouse, Brooks-Gunn, & Mclanahan, 2005). Kindergarten is considered to be a pivotal point of educational transition, as academic achievement upon kindergarten entry is associated with subsequent academic success…

  7. Community College Students' Perceptions of Academic Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millar, Bradbury Stewart

    2010-01-01

    This study compares community college students' perceptions of their academic readiness before and after they participated in community college coursework. Students enroll in community colleges for many reasons but many drop-out before reaching their goals. High rates of attrition suggest that students may not accurately assess their levels ofā€¦

  8. The Kindergarten Academic and Behavior Readiness Screener: The utility of single-item teacher ratings of kindergarten readiness.

    PubMed

    Stormont, Melissa; Herman, Keith C; Reinke, Wendy M; King, Kathleen R; Owens, Sarah

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a brief, feasible, and cost-effective universal screener for kindergarten readiness. The study examined whether teacher ratings of kindergarteners' academic, behavioral, and overall readiness at the beginning of the year were predictive of academic, emotional, and behavioral outcomes at the end of the year. Participants included 19 kindergarten teachers and their students (n = 350) from 6 urban elementary schools; all teachers were female and the majority of children were African American (74%) or White (23%). Thirty-six percent of children qualified for free or reduced lunch. Teachers completed single-item ratings of student readiness as well as full scale ratings of student prosocial skills, disruptive behaviors, and academic competence. Students also completed a standardized academic achievement test. Independent observers rated disruptive behaviors in the classroom. Readiness items had statistically significant relations with a range of academic, emotional, and behavior indicators. Hierarchical linear regression analyses found that readiness items predicted end-of-year outcomes when controlling for baseline covariates. Items also predicted higher likelihood of negative academic and behavior categorical outcomes and demonstrated classification utility. Schools need universal screening options that are feasible and easy to implement school-wide. The screening tool presented in this study offers a viable, psychometrically strong option for school teams and professionals interested in universal screening. PMID:25365396

  9. Aumsville School District's Readiness Program: Helping First Graders Succeed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pheasant, Marilyn

    1985-01-01

    This bulletin describes a first-grade "readiness program" developed at the Aumsville (Oregon) School District to help children who have been found to be at risk in a standard first-grade program. These students attend a readiness first grade designed to assist their development emotionally, socially, physically, and academically and only then go…

  10. Measuring School Readiness: Conceptual and Practical Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snow, Kyle L.

    2006-01-01

    Recent interest and investment in early childhood education as a means of promoting children's school readiness has prompted the need for clear definitions of school readiness. Traditionally school readiness has been viewed within a maturationist frame, based on a chronological set-point, which led to the emergence of readiness testing. Followingā€¦

  11. School Readiness Begins in Infancy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lally, J. Ronald

    2010-01-01

    New discoveries in neuroscience suggest that school readiness interventions might come too late if they start after the child is three years old. Many of the skills needed to succeed in school are shaped during a baby's interactions with his or her caregivers. Unfortunately, the level of support and resources provided for new mothers and theirā€¦

  12. School Readiness Begins in Infancy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lally, J. Ronald

    2010-01-01

    New discoveries in neuroscience suggest that school readiness interventions might come too late if they start after the child is three years old. Many of the skills needed to succeed in school are shaped during a baby's interactions with his or her caregivers. Unfortunately, the level of support and resources provided for new mothers and their…

  13. Genetic Differences and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickens, William T.

    2005-01-01

    The author considers whether differences in genetic endowment may account for racial and ethnic differences in school readiness. While acknowledging an important role for genes in explaining differences "within" races, he nevertheless argues that environment explains most of the gap "between" blacks and whites, leaving little role for genetics.ā€¦

  14. Student-Ready Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Christopher J. F.; Burke, Wendy M.

    2005-01-01

    The influence of early childhood programs on the entire education community cannot be overstated. These programs have highlighted the important role that successful learning experiences at home and experiences in high-quality early childhood programs play in future academic success (Wesley & Buysse, 2003). The purpose of this article is toā€¦

  15. Closing the Gap in Academic Readiness and Achievement: The Role of Early Childcare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geoffroy, Marie-Claude; Cote, Sylvana. M.; Giguere, Charles-Edouard; Dionne, Ginette; Zelazo, Philip David; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel; Seguin, Jean. R.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Socially disadvantaged children with academic difficulties at school entry are at increased risk for poor health and psychosocial outcomes. Our objective is to test the possibility that participation in childcare--at the population level--could attenuate the gap in academic readiness and achievement between children with and without aā€¦

  16. A Parents Guide to School Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cedoline, Anthony J.

    The information in this booklet is intended to help a parent prepare and determine his child's readiness for school. This School Readiness Inventory, a standard informational checklist on developmental readiness skills, enables the parent to measure his child's progress. Tests are included so that parents may guage their child's visual perceptualā€¦

  17. The Social Construction of School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shallwani, Sadaf

    2009-01-01

    In the mainstream discourse on child development and education, 'school readiness' has been conceptualized as the skills and knowledge that children need when they enter school in order to learn effectively in the school environment. However, school readiness is an idea which is entwined with our beliefs about child development and child needs (E.ā€¦

  18. Controlled Drawing Observation for Assessing a Child's Readiness for School and Predicting Academic Achievement at the End of the First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haidkind, Pille; Kikas, Eve; Henno, Helen; Peets, Terje

    2011-01-01

    Controlled Drawing Observation (CDO) was developed by Tove Krogh and it has been used in Denmark, Finland and Estonia for assessing a child's readiness for school. CDO is a group test, it gives information about a child's functioning in an educational setting and it serves as a starting point for later individual assessment. The goal of the studyā€¦

  19. Skills for School Readiness--and Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Child Care, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Features a self-quiz on school readiness introducing the skills children need to succeed in school. Discusses the caregiver's and teacher's role in creating an environment where children can develop the necessary traits of independence, compassion, trust, creativity, self-control, and perseverance. Delineates how these readiness skills alsoā€¦

  20. Predictors of School Readiness in Literacy and Mathematics: A Selective Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linder, Sandra M.; Ramey, M. Deanna; Zambak, Serbay

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents findings from a selective review of the literature related to predictors of school readiness in literacy and mathematics. School readiness was defined as what children are expected to know and do in a variety of academic domains and processes of learning prior to entering a formal classroom setting. Seven themes emerged, based…

  1. Parental Notions of School Readiness: How Have They Changed and Has Preschool Made a Difference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belfield, Clive; Garcia, Emma

    2014-01-01

    The authors examined school readiness from the parental perspective, focusing on parents' efforts and expectations for kindergarten in conjunction with their child's academic development. Using self-reported survey data from two waves of the National Household Education Surveys, the authors tested for changes in school readiness betweenā€¦

  2. Parental Notions of School Readiness: How Have They Changed and Has Preschool Made a Difference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belfield, Clive; Garcia, Emma

    2014-01-01

    The authors examined school readiness from the parental perspective, focusing on parents' efforts and expectations for kindergarten in conjunction with their child's academic development. Using self-reported survey data from two waves of the National Household Education Surveys, the authors tested for changes in school readiness between…

  3. Montessori Public School Pre-K Programs and the School Readiness of Low-Income Black and Latino Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Within the United States, there are a variety of early education models and curricula aimed at promoting young children's pre-academic, social, and behavioral skills. This study, using data from the Miami School Readiness Project (Winsler et al., 2008, 2012), examined the school readiness gains of low-income Latino (n = 7,045) and Black (n =ā€¦

  4. Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Predictors of College Readiness and Performance: Role of Academic Discipline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Komarraju, Meera; Ramsey, Alex; Rinella, Virginia

    2013-01-01

    Identifying the best predictors of academic performance is crucial for postsecondary institutions seeking students with the greatest promise. We investigated the relative strength of standardized test scores (ACT), high school GPA, and non-cognitive, college readiness skills in predicting college GPA. College freshmen (505) completed the 108-item…

  5. Safe, Healthy and Ready to Succeed: Arizona School Readiness Key Performance Indicators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Migliore, Donna E.

    2006-01-01

    "Safe, Healthy and Ready to Succeed: Arizona School Readiness Key Performance Indicators" presents a set of baseline measurements that gauge how well a statewide system of school readiness supports is addressing issues that affect Arizona children's readiness for school. The Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) measure the system, rather than theā€¦

  6. College readiness for all: the challenge for urban high schools.

    PubMed

    Roderick, Melissa; Nagaoka, Jenny; Coca, Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    Melissa Roderick, Jenny Nagaoka, and Vanessa Coca focus on the importance of improving college access and readiness for low-income and minority students in urban high schools. They stress the aspirations-attainment gap: although the college aspirations of all U.S. high school students, regardless of race, ethnicity, and family income, have increased dramatically over the past several decades, significant disparities remain in college readiness and enrollment. The authors emphasize the need for researchers and policy makers to be explicit about precisely which sets of knowledge and skills shape college access and performance and about how best to measure those skills. They identify four essential sets of skills: content knowledge and basic skills; core academic skills; non-cognitive, or behavioral, skills; and "college knowledge," the ability to effectively search for and apply to college. High schools, they say, must stress all four. The authors also examine different ways of assessing college readiness. The three most commonly recognized indicators used by colleges, they say, are coursework required for college admission, achievement test scores, and grade point averages. Student performance on all of these indicators of readiness reveals significant racial and ethnic disparities. To turn college aspirations into college attainment, high schools and teachers need clear indicators of college readiness and clear performance standards for those indicators. These standards, say the authors, must be set at the performance level necessary for high school students to have a high probability of gaining access to four-year colleges. The standards must allow schools and districts to assess where their students currently stand and to measure their progress. The standards must also give clear guidance about what students need to do to improve. College readiness indicators can be developed based on existing data and testing systems. But districts and states will require new data systems that provide information on the college outcomes of their graduates and link their performance during high school with their college outcomes. PMID:21141710

  7. Behavioral and Cognitive Readiness for School: Cross-Domain Associations for Children Attending Head Start

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierman, Karen L.; Torres, Marcela M.; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Welsh, Janet A.; Gest, Scott D.

    2009-01-01

    Utilizing a diverse sample of 356 four-year-old children attending Head Start, this study examined the degree to which behavioral aspects of school readiness, including classroom participation, prosocial behavior, and aggression control were related to direct assessments of child cognitive readiness (academic knowledge, executive function skills)ā€¦

  8. E-Learning Readiness in the Academic Sector of Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laohajaratsang, Thanomporn

    2009-01-01

    As e-learning in the academic sector serves as a crucial driving force in the development of e-learning in Thailand, this article looks at e-learning readiness in Thailand with a focus on the academic sector. The article is divided into four parts: (1) a brief history of e-learning in Thailand; (2) the infrastructure related to e-learningā€¦

  9. E-Learning Readiness in the Academic Sector of Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laohajaratsang, Thanomporn

    2009-01-01

    As e-learning in the academic sector serves as a crucial driving force in the development of e-learning in Thailand, this article looks at e-learning readiness in Thailand with a focus on the academic sector. The article is divided into four parts: (1) a brief history of e-learning in Thailand; (2) the infrastructure related to e-learning…

  10. School Readiness of Children with Language Impairment: Predicting Literacy Skills from Pre-Literacy and Social-Behavioural Dimensions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pentimonti, Jill M.; Murphy, Kimberly A.; Justice, Laura M.; Logan, Jessica A. R.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

    2016-01-01

    Background: School readiness generally captures the notion that children do best when they arrive at formal schooling with a certain threshold of skill that will help them thrive in the classroom's academic and social milieu. Aims: To examine the dimensionality of the construct of school readiness among children with language impairment (LI), asā€¦

  11. College-Readiness Rates of Special Needs High School Graduates in Texas Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chandler, Jacob Ross

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the college-readiness rates of high school graduates in Texas designated as being (a) economically disadvantaged, (b) Limited English Proficient (LEP), or (c) enrolled in special education using archival data from the Texas Education Agency (TEA) Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS). Data,ā€¦

  12. School Readiness among Children with Varying Histories of Language Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Justice, Laura M.; Bowles, Ryan P.; Pence Turnbull, Khara L.; Skibbe, Lori E.

    2009-01-01

    This study tested the hypotheses that (a) persistent language difficulties during childhood would predict lower school readiness and (b) language difficulties present just prior to school entry would predict lower school readiness beyond any effects of persistence. The study involved examining indicators of school readiness collected atā€¦

  13. Are L.A.'s Children Ready for School?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lara-Cinisomo, Sandraluz; Pebley, Anne R.; Vaiana, Mary E.; Maggio, Elizabeth

    2004-01-01

    School readiness is important for children, for their families, and for society at large. The authors' exploration of school readiness focuses on how the home literacy environment, parenting behavior, and social characteristics affect two aspects of school readiness: basic skills, such as reading and math; and behavior problems, includingā€¦

  14. School Readiness for Gifted Children: Considering the Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porath, Marion

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses issues relevant to gifted children's readiness for school. It raises a number of questions that challenge thinking about what is meant by school readiness. Gifted children can often be ready for school entrance before the age traditionally considered appropriate. Their complex developmental profiles challenge accepted notionsā€¦

  15. Development toward School Readiness: A Holistic Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaynor, Alan Kibbe

    2015-01-01

    A systemic analysis of early childhood development factors explains the variance in school readiness among representative U.S. 5-year-olds. The underlying theory incorporates a set of causally interactive endogenous variables that are hypothesized to be driven by the effects of three exogenous variables: parental education, immigrant status andā€¦

  16. Health Disparities and Gaps in School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currie, Janet

    2005-01-01

    The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and analyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She explores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternalā€¦

  17. The Readiness Nursery in a Medical School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Archie A.

    Differential diagnosis of delayed language development in the preschool child at the Readiness Nursery of the New York University Medical School can be shown by three case histories. Diagnosis requires identification of factors involved in the origin and development of the child's language deficit both at the time of diagnosis and at the criticalā€¦

  18. Ready, Set, Respect! GLSEN's Elementary School Toolkit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN), 2012

    2012-01-01

    "Ready, Set, Respect!" provides a set of tools to help elementary school educators ensure that all students feel safe and respected and develop respectful attitudes and behaviors. It is not a program to be followed but instead is designed to help educators prepare themselves for teaching about and modeling respect. The toolkit responds toā€¦

  19. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Five Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloney, Catherine; Lopez, Omar

    2012-01-01

    Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, is a federally-funded system of grants that focuses on preparing low-income students to enter and succeed in postsecondary educational programs. GEAR UP grants extend across 6 school years and require that funded districts begin providing grant services to students noā€¦

  20. Alliance College-Ready Public Schools: Alice M. Baxter College-Ready High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EDUCAUSE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The largest charter organization in Los Angeles serving more than 11,000 low-income students aims to prove it is possible to educate students at high levels across an entire system of schools. Alliance College-Ready Public Schools developed the PACE blended learning model, launched at the new Baxter High School, to more effectively prepare itsā€¦

  1. Community Schools Seek to Improve High School Achievement, College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilroy, Marilyn

    2011-01-01

    The Coalition for Community Schools, an alliance of more than 150 national, state, and local organizations, is bringing public schools in partnership with community resources to improve student success. While that might seem like an abstract idea, it has very concrete goals, such as boosting high school graduation rates and college readiness.ā€¦

  2. Gaps in College Readiness: ACT and SAT Differences by Ethnicity across 10 School Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Donzel Wayne

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the college-readiness rates of Black, Hispanic, White, and Asian graduates of public secondary schools in Texas using archival data from the Texas Education Agency Academic Excellence Indicator System. Data examined were the average ACT and SAT scores for the past 10 school years (i.e., 2001-2002ā€¦

  3. Income and Education as Predictors of Children's School Readiness. The Social Genome Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaacs, Julia; Magnuson, Katherine

    2011-01-01

    This study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth (ECLS-B) Cohort to estimate associations between two important indicators of family socioeconomic status--family income and maternal education--and children's school readiness measured by academic skills, behavior, and physical health at school entry. We find large gaps in ourā€¦

  4. Coparenting and children's school readiness: a mediational model.

    PubMed

    Cabrera, Natasha J; Scott, Mindy; Fagan, Jay; Steward-Streng, Nicole; Chien, Nicole

    2012-09-01

    We examined the long-term direct and indirect links between coparenting (conflict, communication, and shared decision-making) and preschoolers' school readiness (math, literacy, and social skills). The study sample consisted of 5,650 children and their biological mothers and fathers who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort. Using structural equation modeling and controlling for background characteristics, we found that our conceptual model of the pathways from coparenting to child outcomes is structurally the same for cohabiting and married families. Controlling for a host of background characteristics, we found that coparenting conflict and shared decision-making were negatively and positively, respectively, linked to children's academic and social skills and co-parental communication was indirectly linked to academic and social skills through maternal supportiveness. Coparenting conflict was also indirectly linked to children's social skills through maternal depressive symptoms. The overall findings suggest that for both cohabiting and married families, the context of conflicted coparenting may interfere with the development of children's social competencies and academic skills, whereas collaborative coparenting promotes children's school readiness because mothers are more responsive to their children's needs. These findings have implications for programs aimed at promoting positive family processes in cohabiting and married families. PMID:22984971

  5. Emergency! Are Your Schools Ready?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altenberg, Randy

    1989-01-01

    Based on the experience of the Los Angeles Unified School District (California), this article presents areas for school districts to scrutinize when planning for emergencies. These include written plans, duplicate home telephone listings, communications plans, staff identification cards, utility shutoff information, and food and shelterā€¦

  6. Law School Academic Support Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wangerin, Paul T.

    1989-01-01

    This article attempts to bridge a perceived gap between legal education and education theory as well as the gap between academic counseling and independent learning by examining law school academic support programs. The article argues that a multidisciplinary analysis provides a helpful basis for evaluating academic support programs that addressā€¦

  7. Neuroscience Perspectives on Disparities in School Readiness and Cognitive Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noble, Kimberly G.; Tottenham, Nim; Casey, B. J.

    2005-01-01

    This article allows readers to look at racial and ethnic disparities in school readiness from a neuroscience perspective. Although researchers have traditionally measured gaps in school readiness using broad achievement tests, they can now assess readiness in terms of more specific brain-based cognitive functions. Three neurocognitiveā€¦

  8. Early Childhood Housing Instability and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.; McKenna, Claire C.

    2014-01-01

    This study assesses the consequences of housing instability during the first 5Ā years of a child's life for a host of school readiness outcomes. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (nĀ =Ā 2,810), this study examines the relation between multiple moves and children's language and literacy and behavior problems atā€¦

  9. Arizona Academic Standards, High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This publication contains Arizona public schools' updated academic standards for high school. The contents of this document contain: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--High School; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Proficiency and Distinction (Grades 9-12); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Proficiency andā€¦

  10. Arizona Academic Standards, High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for high school. The contents of this document contain: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--High School; (2) Comprehensive Health Education Physical Activity Standards 1997--Proficiency and Distinction (Grades 9-12); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Proficiency andā€¦

  11. Early Learning: Readiness for School. Annotated Bibliography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    Current research seeks to determine if today's pre-K programs provide strong returns on investment similar to the returns from the classic 1960's High/Scope Perry Preschool Program and 1970's North Carolina Abecedarian Project. These were known for the positive academic effects that children experienced as they moved through school. Policy-makers…

  12. Early Learning: Readiness for School. Annotated Bibliography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    Current research seeks to determine if today's pre-K programs provide strong returns on investment similar to the returns from the classic 1960's High/Scope Perry Preschool Program and 1970's North Carolina Abecedarian Project. These were known for the positive academic effects that children experienced as they moved through school. Policy-makersā€¦

  13. Self-Regulation and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Eggum, Natalie D.

    2010-01-01

    Research Findings: In this article, we review research on the relations of self-regulation and its dispositional substrate, effortful control, to variables involved in school success. First, we present a conceptual model in which the relation between self-regulation/effortful control and academic performance is mediated by low maladjustment andā€¦

  14. Validity of the Bracken School Readiness Assessment for Predicting First Grade Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Panter, Janet E.; Bracken, Bruce A.

    2009-01-01

    The Bracken School Readiness Assessment (BSRA) was administered to all kindergarten students enrolled in two rural elementary schools in the fall of 2004. Eight months later, the reading portion of the Metropolitan Readiness Tests, 6th Edition (MRT-6) was administered. Teachers were asked to indicate whether they had concerns about each student'sā€¦

  15. Florida School Readiness Performance Standards for Three-, Four-, and Five-Year-Old Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    The Florida Partnership for School Readiness, created as a result of the Florida School Readiness Act in 1999, is charged with adopting a system for measuring school readiness and developing school readiness performance standards and outcome measures. This guide presents school readiness performance standards for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds and is theā€¦

  16. Self-Regulation and School Readiness.

    PubMed

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Eggum, Natalie D

    2010-09-01

    RESEARCH FINDINGS: In this article, we review research on the relations of self-regulation and its dispositional substrate, effortful control, to variables involved in school success. First, we present a conceptual model in which the relation between self-regulation/effortful control and academic performance is mediated by low maladjustment and high-quality relationships with peers and teachers, as well as school engagement. Then we review research indicating that effortful control and related skills are indeed related to maladjustment, social skills, relationships with teachers and peers, school engagement, as well as academic performance. PRACTICE OR POLICY: Initial findings are consistent with the view that self-regulatory capacities involved in effortful control are associated with the aforementioned variables; only limited evidence of mediated relations is currently available. PMID:21234283

  17. Head Start Participation and School Readiness: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, RaeHyuck; Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane

    2014-01-01

    Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n ˜ 6,950), a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001, we examined school readiness (academic skills and socioemotional well-being) at kindergarten entry for children who attended Head Start compared with those who experienced other types of child care…

  18. Laying the Groundwork: The Journey of an Urban High School District Implementing a College Readiness Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franco, Antonia O.

    2012-01-01

    National and state education reforms are centered on developing higher academic expectations and standards to ensure students transitions into postsecondary options, college and career ready. What does this national emphasis signify for urban school districts that are educating a significant proportion of first-generation students and thatā€¦

  19. Motivation as a Facet of School Readiness in a Head Start Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrich, Christopher C.; Wheeler, Crista M.; Zigler, Edward F.

    2005-01-01

    The EZ-Yale Personality Motivation Questionnaire (EZPQ) was used to measure motivation as a facet of school readiness in a sample of 133 children during the spring of their final year of Head Start. Three motivational constructs assessed by the EZPQ, academic mastery motivation, negative reaction tendency, and outerdirectedness, were associated…

  20. An Annotated Bibliography Reviewing Recent Research Dealing with Factors and Innovations of School Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGlauchlen, Patti L.

    The early elementary teacher must find a reasonable solution to the question of how to best meet the needs of incoming 5-year-olds. This study reviews recent research on the academic and emotional needs of young students and on existing programs dealing with school readiness. Brief annotations are presented for 54 research articles. These articlesā€¦

  1. School Readiness among Low-Income Black Children: Family Characteristics, Parenting, and Social Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bono, Katherine E.; Sy, Susan R.; Kopp, Claire B.

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on the associations between family variables and academic and social school readiness in low-income Black children. Analyses drew from the National Institute for Child Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development dataset. The participants included 122 children and their mothers. Data collection occurredā€¦

  2. Head Start Participation and School Readiness: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, RaeHyuck; Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane

    2014-01-01

    Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n Ėœ 6,950), a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001, we examined school readiness (academic skills and socioemotional well-being) at kindergarten entry for children who attended Head Start compared with those who experienced other types of child careā€¦

  3. Ensuring School Readiness through a Successful Transition to Kindergarten: The Indiana Ready Schools Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Patricia; Zygmunt-Fillwalk, Eva

    2008-01-01

    The kindergarten year symbolizes entrance into formal schooling and is a critical juncture for young children. Easing the transition into kindergarten to ensure the maximum success in that pivotal year merits much attention and careful planning. Since the National Education Goals Panel made public its readiness goals (1997), many states across theā€¦

  4. Is laboratory medicine ready for the era of personalized medicine? A survey addressed to laboratory directors of hospitals/academic schools of medicine in Europe.

    PubMed

    Malentacchi, Francesca; Mancini, Irene; Brandslund, Ivan; Vermeersch, Pieter; Schwab, Matthias; Marc, Janja; van Schaik, Ron H N; Siest, Gerard; Theodorsson, Elvar; Pazzagli, Mario; Di Resta, Chiara

    2015-06-01

    Developments in "-omics" are creating a paradigm shift in laboratory medicine leading to personalized medicine. This allows the increase in diagnostics and therapeutics focused on individuals rather than populations. In order to investigate whether laboratory medicine is ready to play a key role in the integration of personalized medicine in routine health care and set the state-of-the-art knowledge about personalized medicine and laboratory medicine in Europe, a questionnaire was constructed under the auspices of the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) and the European Society of Pharmacogenomics and Personalised Therapy (ESPT). The answers of the participating laboratory medicine professionals indicate that they are aware that personalized medicine can represent a new and promising health model, and that laboratory medicine should play a key role in supporting the implementation of personalized medicine in the clinical setting. Participants think that the current organization of laboratory medicine needs additional/relevant implementations such as (i) new technological facilities in -omics; (ii) additional training for the current personnel focused on the new methodologies; (iii) incorporation in the laboratory of new competencies in data interpretation and counseling; and (iv) cooperation and collaboration among professionals of different disciplines to integrate information according to a personalized medicine approach. PMID:26036226

  5. Is laboratory medicine ready for the era of personalized medicine? A survey addressed to laboratory directors of hospitals/academic schools of medicine in Europe.

    PubMed

    Malentacchi, Francesca; Mancini, Irene; Brandslund, Ivan; Vermeersch, Pieter; Schwab, Matthias; Marc, Janja; van Schaik, Ron H N; Siest, Gerard; Theodorsson, Elvar; Pazzagli, Mario; Di Resta, Chiara

    2015-06-01

    Developments in "-omics" are creating a paradigm shift in laboratory medicine leading to personalized medicine. This allows the increase in diagnostics and therapeutics focused on individuals rather than populations. In order to investigate whether laboratory medicine is ready to play a key role in the integration of personalized medicine in routine health care and set the state-of-the-art knowledge about personalized medicine and laboratory medicine in Europe, a questionnaire was constructed under the auspices of the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) and the European Society of Pharmacogenomics and Personalised Therapy (ESPT). The answers of the participating laboratory medicine professionals indicate that they are aware that personalized medicine can represent a new and promising health model, and that laboratory medicine should play a key role in supporting the implementation of personalized medicine in the clinical setting. Participants think that the current organization of laboratory medicine needs additional/relevant implementations such as (i) new technological facilities in -omics; (ii) additional training for the current personnel focused on the new methodologies; (iii) incorporation in the laboratory of new competencies in data interpretation and counseling; and (iv) cooperation and collaboration among professionals of different disciplines to integrate information according to a personalized medicine approach. PMID:25995323

  6. Computer-Based Assessment of School Readiness and Early Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Csapó, Beno; Molnįr, Gyöngyvér; Nagy, József

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the potential of using online tests for the assessment of school readiness and for monitoring early reasoning. Four tests of a face-to-face-administered school readiness test battery (speech sound discrimination, relational reasoning, counting and basic numeracy, and deductive reasoning) and a paper-and-pencil inductive…

  7. Evaluating School Readiness to Implement Positive Behavior Supports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Vestena; Collins, Kari; Liaupsin, Carl; Illback, Robert J.; Call, James

    2004-01-01

    One state's efforts to assess school readiness to implement a comprehensive mental health innovation are described. To determine the likelihood of achieving success with positive behavioral supports (PBS), a process to identify school buildings ready for planned organizational change was designed and implemented within a large-scale system of careā€¦

  8. Inattention and Impulsivity: Differential Impact on School Readiness Capacities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sasser, Tyler; Bierman, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Despite the conceptual link between self-regulation skills and school readiness capacities, questions remain regarding how distinct but related facets of self-regulation (i.e., attention regulation, behavior regulation) differentially impact the development of school readiness capacities during early childhood. Additionally, little is known aboutā€¦

  9. High School Algebra Readiness Program: A Quasi-Experimental Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birnbohm, Carol L.

    2010-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study measured the effectiveness of a locally created summer Algebra readiness program in a large suburban high school district in New Jersey. Incoming ninth grade students who were not ready for high school algebra were invited to participate in the summer program. The program was designed to provide access to moreā€¦

  10. School Readiness for Infants and Toddlers? Really? Yes, Really!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    If it is true that "new discoveries in neuroscience suggest that school readiness interventions might come too late if they start after the child is three years old", then the infant/toddler field must claim the concept of school readiness. The brain's foundation for all later learning is created in the first three years of life. As manyā€¦

  11. An Action Plan: Assessing School Readiness in Ventura County

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Lisa; Halfon, Neal; Franke, Todd

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide the Center for Excellence (CfE) in Early Childhood Development with a set of recommendations regarding how to measure school readiness in Ventura County. This report defines school readiness according to the National Education Goals Panel (NEGP) which identified the following three important components of…

  12. School Readiness for Infants and Toddlers? Really? Yes, Really!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    If it is true that "new discoveries in neuroscience suggest that school readiness interventions might come too late if they start after the child is three years old", then the infant/toddler field must claim the concept of school readiness. The brain's foundation for all later learning is created in the first three years of life. As many…

  13. Michigan School Readiness Program Process Evaluation Report, 1994-95.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claus, Richard N.; Quimper, Barry E.

    The Michigan School Readiness Program (MSRP) is a state-funded prekindergarten program in Saginaw for at-risk 4-year-old children. The overall goal of the program is to provide these 4-year-olds with an environment that will enable them to develop school readiness skills in seven program component areas: cognitive, psychomotor, affective, parentā€¦

  14. Computer-Based Assessment of School Readiness and Early Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CsapĆ³, Beno; MolnĆ”r, GyƶngyvĆ©r; Nagy, JĆ³zsef

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the potential of using online tests for the assessment of school readiness and for monitoring early reasoning. Four tests of a face-to-face-administered school readiness test battery (speech sound discrimination, relational reasoning, counting and basic numeracy, and deductive reasoning) and a paper-and-pencil inductiveā€¦

  15. Changes in community readiness among key school stakeholders after Ready for Recess.

    PubMed

    Ehlers, Diane K; Huberty, Jennifer L; Beseler, Cheryl L

    2013-12-01

    School community readiness (CR) for health promotion efforts may be critical to the effectiveness of school-based interventions aimed at promoting youth physical activity and reducing childhood obesity. The purpose of this study was to: (i) identify key informants who scored highest on school CR at baseline and (ii) determine the effects of Ready for Recess on changes in CR among school key informants from baseline to post-intervention. Key informants (N = 98) across 17 schools participated in CR interviews. Interview questions focused on school CR for physical activity and childhood obesity efforts across six dimensions. At baseline, principals scored higher than teachers in overall readiness and knowledge of the issue and higher than recess staff and nurses in leadership. Leadership readiness decreased across key informants at post-intervention and principals demonstrated greater decreases when compared with recess staff. Baseline disparities between principals and other key informants suggest principals may have overestimated the readiness of staff implementing the intervention. Declines among principals indicate that they may not have been prepared to deliver adequate support to successfully implement the intervention. These results illuminate the importance of assessing/improving school readiness prior to interventions. The CR model may provide an opportunity to improve school-based physical activity interventions. PMID:24045411

  16. Children Are Ready to Learn, but Are We? The Role of Adult Relations in School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abo-Zena, Mona M.; New, Rebecca Staples

    2012-01-01

    Contrary to the concept of school readiness as achieving a particular set of attributes considered essential for educational success, this article is grounded in the assumption that all children are ready to learn, but what they are expected to learn varies widely from one cultural setting and historic period to another. The authors challenge the…

  17. Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools: "Building Policy on State and Community Successes"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2009

    2009-01-01

    More than 200 educators and child advocates from around the country issued a "call to action" during a historic national forum in late March, mobilizing in Washington to develop policies that will link ready kids to ready schools and set America's youngest learners on a path to lifelong achievement. The two-day event in late March--co-sponsored byā€¦

  18. Is School Community Readiness Related to Physical Activity before and after the Ready for Recess Intervention?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehlers, Diane K.; Huberty, Jennifer L.; Beseler, Cheryl L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine: (i) the effect of schools' baseline community readiness (CR) on youth physical activity (PA) at recess prior to the Ready for Recess intervention; (ii) if changes in PA due to the intervention were explained by baseline CR and (iii) if specific components of the intervention altered an associationā€¦

  19. Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools through P-20 Councils: A View from Arizona

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report is an overview and summary of the Arizona Governor's Forum: Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools. The forum, supported by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the Education Commission of the States, was held on May 30, 2008 in Phoenix, Arizona. Six dozen educators, education experts and advocates gathered during the one-day forum to map outā€¦

  20. Kindergarten School Readiness and Fourth-Grade Literacy and Numeracy Outcomes of Children with Special Needs: A Population-Based Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Jennifer E. V.; Irwin, Lori G.; Hertzman, Clyde

    2009-01-01

    In British Columbia, Canada, two population-based databases have been linked at the level of the individual child: the "Early Development Instrument", a Kindergarten school readiness measure; and the "Foundation Skills Assessment", a Grade Four academic assessment. Utilising these linked data, we explored the early school readiness, literacy, andā€¦

  1. Accountable care organization readiness and academic medical centers.

    PubMed

    Berkowitz, Scott A; Pahira, Jennifer J

    2014-09-01

    As academic medical centers (AMCs) consider becoming accountable care organizations (ACOs) under Medicare, they must assess their readiness for this transition. Of the 253 Medicare ACOs prior to 2014, 51 (20%) are AMCs. Three critical components of ACO readiness are institutional and ACO structure, leadership, and governance; robust information technology and analytic systems; and care coordination and management to improve care delivery and health at the population level. All of these must be viewed through the lens of unique AMC mission-driven goals.There is clear benefit to developing and maintaining a centralized internal leadership when it comes to driving change within an ACO, yet there is also the need for broad stakeholder involvement. Other important structural features are an extensive primary care foundation; concomitant operation of a managed care plan or risk-bearing entity; or maintaining a close relationship with post-acute-care or skilled nursing facilities, which provide valuable expertise in coordinating care across the continuum. ACOs also require comprehensive and integrated data and analytic systems that provide meaningful population data to inform care teams in real time, promote quality improvement, and monitor spending trends. AMCs will require proven care coordination and management strategies within a population health framework and deployment of an innovative workforce.AMC core functions of providing high-quality subspecialty and primary care, generating new knowledge, and training future health care leaders can be well aligned with a transition to an ACO model. Further study of results from Medicare-related ACO programs and commercial ACOs will help define best practices. PMID:24979282

  2. Immediate Effects of a School Readiness Intervention for Children in Foster Care

    PubMed Central

    Pears, Katherine C.; Fisher, Philip A.; Kim, Hyoun K.; Bruce, Jacqueline; Healey, Cynthia V.; Yoerger, Karen

    2013-01-01

    Research findings School readiness is a strong predictor of adjustment in elementary school and beyond. Children in foster care are at particular risk for academic and social difficulties in school. Limitations in self-regulatory skills and caregiver involvement among these children might contribute to a lack of school readiness. This study presents the immediate effects on school readiness of a targeted, short-term intervention designed to improve childrenā€™s early literacy, prosocial, and self-regulatory skills during the summer before kindergarten entry: Kids in Transition to School (KITS). Using a randomized controlled trial design, 192 children in foster care were assigned to either an intervention or services as usual comparison condition. Multimethod, multiagent assessments were conducted immediately prior to and following the completion of the intervention. The results from structural equation modeling indicated that the intervention had significant, positive effects on early literacy and self-regulatory skills. Practice An efficacious, short-term, readily scalable, theoretically-based intervention targeted at specific vulnerabilities for children in foster care may help to improve their school readiness and eventual school adjustment. PMID:24015056

  3. Measuring Academic Efficiency at the School Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marzano, Robert J.; Hutchins, C. L.

    In this paper, academic efficiency is operationally defined and a methodology for measuring it at the school level is described. Academic efficiency is defined as the extent to which a school utilizes its time for the academic development of all its students. The measure of academic efficiency must include three elements: time, students, andā€¦

  4. Prediction of Academic Achievement with the McCarthy Screening Test and Metropolitan Readiness Test.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gullo, Dominic F.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Examined the efficacy of the McCarthy Screening Test (MST) and Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT) to predict academic readiness after kindergarten and achievement at the end of first grade. The MST significantly predicted children's scores of the MRT and SFAT. Additionally, the MRT was a significant predictor of the SFAT. (JAC)

  5. Secondary Schools for Academically Talented Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldhusen, John F.; Boggess, Jeremy

    2000-01-01

    A study of nine secondary schools serving academically talented students found criteria for admissions included teacher recommendations, grades, standardized achievement tests, and IQ tests. Teachers were dynamic, there were more courses offered at schools for the academically talented, and schools offered a wide array of non-academic courses.ā€¦

  6. The Foundations of Learning Framework: A Model for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorrels, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Since the National Education Goals Panel was convened in 1991, school readiness for all children has remained a high priority across our nation. The Foundations of Learning Framework is a tool to understand what it means for a child to be "ready." Preparation for educational success requires two key ingredients--relationships and play. In theā€¦

  7. E-Learning Readiness in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ouma, Gordon O.; Awuor, Fredrick M.; Kyambo, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    As e-learning becomes useful to learning institutions worldwide, an assessment of e-learning readiness is essential for the successful implementation of e-learning as a platform for learning. Success in e-learning can be achieved by understanding the level of readiness of e-learning environments. To facilitate schools in Kenya to implement…

  8. Prediction of School Readiness from Kindergarten Temperament Scores.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoen, Michael J.; Nagle, Richard J.

    1994-01-01

    Investigated relationship between temperament and school readiness scores among 152 kindergarten children. All correlations between Temperament Assessment Battery for Children (TABC) scales and Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT) scores were significant when effects of receptive vocabulary were removed. Results showed that, once TABC persistenceā€¦

  9. Beginning School Ready To Learn: An International Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimley, Liam K.; Bennett, John

    2000-01-01

    Globalization trends are creating a new world order that in term affects the lives of children. It is importance to maintain an international perspective when addressing the issues related to children's readiness to learn. Both public and private funding are increasingly becoming available to help children begin school ready to learn, even inā€¦

  10. Effects of Preschool Intervention Strategies on School Readiness in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Xin; Nelson, Regena F.; Shen, Jianping; Krenn, Huilan Y.

    2015-01-01

    Using hierarchical linear modeling, the present study aimed to examine whether targeted intervention strategies implemented individually during a preschool program exhibited any short-term and long-term effects on children's school readiness in kindergarten, utilizing data gathered through the Supporting Partnerships to Assure Ready Kids…

  11. Effects of Preschool Intervention Strategies on School Readiness in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Xin; Nelson, Regena F.; Shen, Jianping; Krenn, Huilan Y.

    2015-01-01

    Using hierarchical linear modeling, the present study aimed to examine whether targeted intervention strategies implemented individually during a preschool program exhibited any short-term and long-term effects on children's school readiness in kindergarten, utilizing data gathered through the Supporting Partnerships to Assure Ready Kidsā€¦

  12. E-Learning Readiness in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ouma, Gordon O.; Awuor, Fredrick M.; Kyambo, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    As e-learning becomes useful to learning institutions worldwide, an assessment of e-learning readiness is essential for the successful implementation of e-learning as a platform for learning. Success in e-learning can be achieved by understanding the level of readiness of e-learning environments. To facilitate schools in Kenya to implementā€¦

  13. School Readiness and Self-Regulation: A Developmental Psychobiological Approach

    PubMed Central

    Blair, Clancy; Raver, C. Cybele

    2015-01-01

    Research on the development of self-regulation in young children provides a unifying framework for the study of school readiness. Self-regulation abilities allow for engagement in learning activities and provide the foundation for adjustment to school. A focus on readiness as self-regulation does not supplant interest in the development of acquired ability, such as early knowledge of letters and numbers; it sets the stage for it. In this article, we review research and theory indicating that self-regulation and consequently school readiness are the product of integrated developmental processes at the biological and behavioral levels that are shaped by the contexts in which development is occurring. In doing so, we illustrate the idea that research on self-regulation powerfully highlights ways in which gaps in school readiness and later achievement are linked to poverty and social and economic inequality and points the way to effective approaches to counteract these conditions. PMID:25148852

  14. Balancing Career and Technical Education with Academic Coursework: The Consequences for Mathematics Achievement in High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bozick, Robert; Dalton, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    Federal legislation has attempted to move career and technical education (CTE) from a segregated component of the high school curriculum to an integrated element that jointly improves both academic and career readiness. However, concerns remain about the ability of CTE to improve academic learning. Using a nationally representative sample of highā€¦

  15. Balancing Career and Technical Education with Academic Coursework: The Consequences for Mathematics Achievement in High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bozick, Robert; Dalton, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    Federal legislation has attempted to move career and technical education (CTE) from a segregated component of the high school curriculum to an integrated element that jointly improves both academic and career readiness. However, concerns remain about the ability of CTE to improve academic learning. Using a nationally representative sample of high…

  16. Preventing Conduct Problems and Improving School Readiness: Evaluation of the Incredible Years Teacher and Child Training Programs in High-Risk Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Stoolmiller, Mike

    2008-01-01

    Background: School readiness, conceptualized as three components including emotional self-regulation, social competence, and family/school involvement, as well as absence of conduct problems play a key role in young children's future interpersonal adjustment and academic success. Unfortunately, exposure to multiple poverty-related risks increasesā€¦

  17. School Readiness Profiles Pilot Study: Helping Children in Ventura County Succeed in School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvinder, Sareen; Thompson, Lisa; Franke, Todd; Halfon, Neal

    2005-01-01

    School Readiness profiles measured countywide at kindergarten entry provide important, population-based information about the developmental capacities of children as well as the capacity of families, pre-schools, and communities to support children's school readiness. These profiles enable key stakeholders to plan, evaluate, and improve programs,ā€¦

  18. The Impact of Course Rigor and Course-Taking Patterns on High School Student Academic Growth: A Quantitative Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newkirk, Brad

    2013-01-01

    Because of national, state, and local accountability to prepare students to be college and career-ready, secondary schools are looking for ways to maximize student academic growth while in high school. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between academic growth as measured by the changes in performance from students' 8thā€¦

  19. Cost Savings Analysis of School Readiness in Michigan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, Richard; Anton, Paul; Diaz, Jose; MartinRogers, Nicole; Rausch, Ela

    2009-01-01

    Educational and economic research shows that investing in school preparedness for low- income children prevents needless public spending and produces payoffs in K-12, government programs, and the private sector. Conversely, not investing in or cutting programs that produce school readiness results in increased spending and lost benefits for: (1)ā€¦

  20. College Readiness for All: The Challenge for Urban High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderick, Melissa; Nagaoka, Jenny; Coca, Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    Melissa Roderick, Jenny Nagaoka, and Vanessa Coca focus on the importance of improving college access and readiness for low-income and minority students in urban high schools. They stress the aspirations-attainment gap: although the college aspirations of all U.S. high school students, regardless of race, ethnicity, and family income, haveā€¦

  1. The Effect of Preschool on Children's School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marjanovic Umek, Ljubica; Kranjc, Simona; Fekonja, Urska; Bajc, Katja

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of preschool on children's school readiness in connection with their intellectual abilities, language competence and parents' education. The sample included 219 children from 68 to 83 months old attending the first year of primary school, differentiated by whether or not they had attended…

  2. Public Support of Prekindergarten Education for School Readiness in Nevada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Sharon

    Noting that kindergarten teachers in Nevada report that many children enter school with considerable delays in language and vocabulary, this report focuses on the public support of prekindergarten education for school readiness in Nevada. The report discusses the purposes and benefit of early childhood education, examines the initiatives of otherā€¦

  3. Revisiting School Readiness: Washington County, Oregon, Summer 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Severeide, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    Purpose and Methods: This report is the second benchmark study to assess the system of supports for school readiness. The data for this study was collected in the fall of 2006 on 537 entering kindergarten children and their families in eight representative schools across the County. The ecological model and methods from the first study, which wasā€¦

  4. Second Dentition as a Supplementary Index of School Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silvestro, John R.

    The efficacy of second dentition, the number of erupted teeth, as an index in assessing school readiness was examined. A series of cognitive, achievement, and social-emotional instruments were administered to a group of 41 first- and 43 second-grade children. The tests used in this study were: Devereux Elementary School Behavior Rating Scale,ā€¦

  5. Creating College Readiness: Profiles of 38 Schools That Know How

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conley, D. T.

    2009-01-01

    In June 2007, the Educational Policy Improvement Center (EPIC) was awarded a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to develop the College Ready School Diagnostic, a web-based diagnostic instrument. The purpose of this tool is to provide individual school profiles and customized recommendations, enabling each institution to makeā€¦

  6. The Effectiveness of Four Readiness Tests As Predictors of First Grade Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Telegdy, Gabriel A.

    1975-01-01

    Results suggest that the STAR or MRT, coupled with teacher observations and the BGT, can provide a school system with an adequate screening readiness battery. Of the several skills measured by readiness tests, letter knowledge is the most predictive of actual first grade achievement. (Author)

  7. The Demographics and Academics of College Readiness in Illinois. Policy Research Report: IERC 2005-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Presley, Jennifer B.; Gong, Yuqin

    2005-01-01

    In order to help Illinois policymakers and education administrators assess whether the State's public high school graduates are ready to enter and succeed in college, the IERC is undertaking a six-year longitudinal study of the Illinois Class of 2002. This first report shows that only about one third of the Class of 2002 is college-ready, and thatā€¦

  8. Social-Emotional School Readiness: How Do We Ensure Children Are Ready to Learn?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Sarah A. O.; Herberle, Amy E.; Carter, Alice S.

    2012-01-01

    This article begins with a review of research providing evidence that social-emotional competence is a key component of school readiness and that the foundations for social-emotional competence are laid down in the earliest years. We go on to review effective practices and specific interventions that have been found to strengthen children's…

  9. Motivation and School Readiness: What Is Missing from Current Assessments of Preschooler's Readiness for Kindergarten?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Ruby C.

    2007-01-01

    In the late 1990s, a National Educational Goal was set in the United States that by the year 2000 all children should start school with the skills necessary for learning (Meisels, 1995 ) and assessment measures should be put in place to provide the screenings. Thus, readiness testing became widespread and kindergarten curricula shifted to moreā€¦

  10. Motivation and School Readiness: What Is Missing from Current Assessments of Preschooler's Readiness for Kindergarten?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Ruby C.

    2007-01-01

    In the late 1990s, a National Educational Goal was set in the United States that by the year 2000 all children should start school with the skills necessary for learning (Meisels, 1995 ) and assessment measures should be put in place to provide the screenings. Thus, readiness testing became widespread and kindergarten curricula shifted to more…

  11. Social-Emotional School Readiness: How Do We Ensure Children Are Ready to Learn?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Sarah A. O.; Herberle, Amy E.; Carter, Alice S.

    2012-01-01

    This article begins with a review of research providing evidence that social-emotional competence is a key component of school readiness and that the foundations for social-emotional competence are laid down in the earliest years. We go on to review effective practices and specific interventions that have been found to strengthen children'sā€¦

  12. School Readiness Indicators: A Tool to Advocate for the Whole Child. Advocacy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Catherine B.

    2005-01-01

    "School Readiness Indicators: Making Progress for Young Children" was a multi-state initiative that used child well-being indicators to build a change agenda in states and local communities in order to improve school readiness and ensure early school success. The central premise behind this initiative was that top-notch school readiness indicatorā€¦

  13. School Readiness among Low-Income, Latino Children Attending Family Childcare versus Centre-Based Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Latino children often struggle in school. Early childhood education programmes are seen as critical for fostering children's school readiness. Latino families often choose family childcare (FCC) over centre-based childcare (CBC), yet little is known about the school readiness of Latino children attending FCC. We compared school readiness over theā€¦

  14. School Readiness among Low-Income, Latino Children Attending Family Childcare versus Centre-Based Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Latino children often struggle in school. Early childhood education programmes are seen as critical for fostering children's school readiness. Latino families often choose family childcare (FCC) over centre-based childcare (CBC), yet little is known about the school readiness of Latino children attending FCC. We compared school readiness over the…

  15. Low Birth Weight and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reichman, Nancy E.

    2005-01-01

    In the United States black women have for decades been twice as likely as white women to give birth to babies of low birth weight who are at elevated risk for developmental disabilities. Does the black-white disparity in low birth weight contribute to the racial disparity in readiness? The author summarizes the cognitive and behavioral problemsā€¦

  16. Predicting School Readiness through Children's Drawings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Joyce; And Others

    This study investigated the use of the developmental level of kindergarten children's art work as a predictor of readiness for first grade. The sample consisted of 55 children (33 girls and 22 boys) in three kindergarten classes. All were over 5 years of age and had not attended kindergarten before. The kindergarten screening measure used aā€¦

  17. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Two Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloney, Catherine; Sheehan, Daniel; Rainey, Katie; Whipple, Allyson

    2008-01-01

    The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunitiesā€¦

  18. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Four Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rainey, Katharine; Maloney, Catherine; Sheehan, Daniel; Lopez, Omar

    2011-01-01

    The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunitiesā€¦

  19. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Three Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rainey, Katharine; Sheehan, Daniel; Maloney, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    This report presents findings from the Year 3 evaluation of Texas' state-level Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, grant. GEAR UP grant requirements include an evaluation component designed to assess program effectiveness and to measure progress toward project goals. To this end, the evaluation considersā€¦

  20. Parent Engagement and School Readiness: Effects of the Getting Ready Intervention on Preschool Children's Social-Emotional Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, Susan M.; Knoche, Lisa L.; Edwards, Carolyn P.; Bovaird, James A.; Kupzyk, Kevin A.

    2010-01-01

    Research Findings: Parental engagement with children has been linked to a number of adaptive characteristics in preschool children, and relationships between families and professionals are an important contributor to school readiness. Furthermore, social-emotional competence is a key component of young children's school readiness. This study…

  1. The Screening Test of Academic Readiness (STAR) as a Predictor of Third-Grade Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichta, Lawrence J., Jr.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Evaluated the Screening Test of Academic Readiness (STAR) using a sample of 28 third graders. The third graders' scores on the Peabody Individual Achievement Test were correlated with their total STAR scores from prekindergarten testing. Results showed the STAR is a useful instrument for predicting third grade achievement. (Author/JAC)

  2. The Impact of Selected Academic and Demographic Variables on Mathematics College Readiness Predicted by ACT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Marcia

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the degree to which academic and demographic variables affected the ACT results used in determining college readiness. This quantitative research study followed a non-experimental correlational design. A multiple regression was used to analyze archival data to determine the impact the combined Arkansasā€¦

  3. Structural Equation Modeling towards Online Learning Readiness, Academic Motivations, and Perceived Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horzum, Mehmet Baris; Kaymak, Zeliha Demir; Gungoren, Ozlem Canan

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between online learning readiness, academic motivations, and perceived learning was investigated via structural equation modeling in the research. The population of the research consisted of 750 students who studied using the online learning programs of Sakarya University. 420 of the students who volunteered for the research andā€¦

  4. Does Executive Function Mediate SES and Home Quality Associations with Academic Readiness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dilworth-Bart, Janean E.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which executive function (EF) mediated associations of socioeconomic status (SES) and home-environment quality with academic readiness (math, letter and word identification, and knowledge of story-and-print concepts). Forty-nine 54-66-month old children and their mothers participated in a home observation andā€¦

  5. Preschoolers' Academic Readiness: What Role Does the Teacher-Child Relationship Play?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palermo, Francisco; Hanish, Laura D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Fabes, Richard A.; Reiser, Mark

    2007-01-01

    We examined the role of the teacher-child relationship quality (close, dependent, and conflictive) on preschoolers' (N=95) academic readiness for kindergarten, and we tested children's prosocial and aggressive behavior and peer group exclusion as mediators of this relation. A unique feature of this study is the ethnically and socio-economically…

  6. Ready, Set, Go: It's Middle School!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Desha; Gray, Kimberly; Stockdale, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Middle school teachers teach energetic, curious adolescents rigorous content at a time in their lives when many changes are occurring. Those entering the teaching profession as middle school teachers must be prepared for this unique environment. This study examines 16 pre-service middle school teachers' developments as they participate in aā€¦

  7. Community Readiness for Self-Managed School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajbhandari, Mani Man Singh

    2007-01-01

    The concept of Self-managing schools involving local community members, teachers and parents with the formation of School Management Committee is gaining ground in Nepal after the world conference on education for all (WCEFA) held in Jomtien, Thailand in the year 1990. Transferring the management of public schools in the hand of willing communityā€¦

  8. Winning Beginnings Learning Circles: Outcomes from a Three-Year School Readiness Pilot

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaminathan, Sindhia; Byrd, Stephanie W.; Humphrey, Christine M.; Heinsch, MaryFran; Mitchell, Monica J.

    2014-01-01

    The current project examined school readiness outcomes of children participating in a preschool professional development initiative, "Winning Beginnings Learning Circles," which focused on school readiness and teacher professional development. Children were assessed on knowledge and understanding of school readiness concepts in the fall…

  9. Getting Kids Ready for School in Rural America. Rural Education Issue Document.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perroncel, Carol B.

    National Education Goal One, "All children in America will start school ready to learn," seems simple, but being ready for school requires meeting certain needs related to physical, social, emotional, cognitive, and language development. Families, schools, and communities each have responsibilities in these areas. Families in "ready" homes provideā€¦

  10. Winning Beginnings Learning Circles: Outcomes from a Three-Year School Readiness Pilot

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaminathan, Sindhia; Byrd, Stephanie W.; Humphrey, Christine M.; Heinsch, MaryFran; Mitchell, Monica J.

    2014-01-01

    The current project examined school readiness outcomes of children participating in a preschool professional development initiative, "Winning Beginnings Learning Circles," which focused on school readiness and teacher professional development. Children were assessed on knowledge and understanding of school readiness concepts in the fallā€¦

  11. Television Viewing, Educational Quality of the Home Environment, and School Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Angela Teresa; Kurtz-Costes, Beth

    1997-01-01

    Researchers examined relationships among children's television viewing, school readiness, parental employment, and the home environment's educational quality. Thirty low-income parents completed surveys. Their preschoolers completed IQ and school readiness assessments. Television viewing adversely related to school readiness and the homeā€¦

  12. Perceptions of Teachers' and Parents' regarding School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Xiangkui; Sun, Lei; Gai, Xiaosong

    2008-01-01

    In order to investigate the teachers and parents' perceptions of school readiness, 218 parents and 370 teachers were surveyed. Based on the areas of "physical well-being and motor development", "social and emotional development", "approaches to learning", "language use", "cognition and general knowledge" and "family", the study attempts to examineā€¦

  13. Using Data to Promote Collaboration in Local School Readiness Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kingsley, G. Thomas; Hendey, Leah

    2010-01-01

    This brief reviews results of an Annie E. Casey Foundation sponsored project that challenged local data intermediaries in eight cities (all partners in the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, NNIP) to use their data to promote strengthening of their local school readiness systems. The project showed it was possible to develop richā€¦

  14. Parenting, Race, and Socioeconomic Status: Links to School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotterer, Aryn M.; Iruka, Iheoma U.; Pungello, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the link between socioeconomic status (SES) and school readiness, testing whether parenting (maternal sensitivity and negative behavior/intrusiveness) and financial stress mediated this association and if race moderated these paths. Participants included 164 mother-child dyads from African American and European Americanā€¦

  15. Aurora City Schools Kindergarten Math Readiness Course of Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aurora City Schools, OH.

    The program goals and objectives for Kindergarten mathematics readiness in Aurora City Schools are listed and described. Consideration of Kindergarten Philosophy, the diverse population of students, the organizational design of adopted textbooks, child development and learning styles, are all assessed in establishing scope and sequence. Theā€¦

  16. Educational Stimulation, Creativity, Intelligence and School Readiness in Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aliotti, Nicholas C.

    The effects of educational stimulation on creative thinking ability and the relationships among verbal and figural creativity, intelligence, and school readiness were investigated in a sample of 123 first grade children. The educational stimulation consisted of special advanced instruction in physical education, music, art, social studies, andā€¦

  17. School Readiness and Rudolf Steiner's Theory of Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogletree, Earl J.; Ujlaki, Vilma

    This paper presents Rudolf Steiner's maturational readiness theory of human physiopsychology and comments on education in the Waldorf Schools. Discussion asserts that Steiner's concept of human development is complex and that intensive study is required for even a superficial understanding of "the four members of man": the physical, etheric,ā€¦

  18. Managing Change in Restructuring Schools: Culture, Leadership, and Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conley, David T.

    1993-01-01

    Factors that can powerfully affect an educator's ability to manage school change are culture, leadership, and readiness. Movement from bureaucracy to community, from isolation to collaboration, involves cultural changes. Managing the change process within a cultural context is influenced by the structural, human resources, political, and symbolicā€¦

  19. School Readiness and Rudolf Steiner's Theory of Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogletree, Earl J.; Ujlaki, Vilma

    This paper presents Rudolf Steiner's maturational readiness theory of human physiopsychology and comments on education in the Waldorf Schools. Discussion asserts that Steiner's concept of human development is complex and that intensive study is required for even a superficial understanding of "the four members of man": the physical, etheric,…

  20. Perceptions of Teachers' and Parents' regarding School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Xiangkui; Sun, Lei; Gai, Xiaosong

    2008-01-01

    In order to investigate the teachers and parents' perceptions of school readiness, 218 parents and 370 teachers were surveyed. Based on the areas of "physical well-being and motor development", "social and emotional development", "approaches to learning", "language use", "cognition and general knowledge" and "family", the study attempts to examine…

  1. Early Care and Prekindergarten Care as Influences on School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fram, Maryah Stella; Kim, Jinseok; Sinha, Sunny

    2012-01-01

    Child care is increasingly viewed as an opportunity to enhance children's development and school readiness, with prekindergarten programs and early intervention programs targeting children at different moments of development. Results of existing research are mixed, and although many children experience different child care arrangements atā€¦

  2. Early Care and Prekindergarten Care as Influences on School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fram, Maryah Stella; Kim, Jinseok; Sinha, Sunny

    2012-01-01

    Child care is increasingly viewed as an opportunity to enhance children's development and school readiness, with prekindergarten programs and early intervention programs targeting children at different moments of development. Results of existing research are mixed, and although many children experience different child care arrangements at…

  3. Clemson Collaborates on School Readiness in South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherford, Carol G.; Bagby, Sara Ayers

    2004-01-01

    "Extending Education" focused on national education goals of readiness for school and retention until graduation and on strategies outlined in the American 2000 plan. The formal education system helps young children acquire basic knowledge and competencies. However, national educational goals identified needs for: (1) greater linkages betweenā€¦

  4. Academic Innovation: Are We Truly Ready for it?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    HƤnninen, P. E.

    2015-10-01

    Optics has been in the headlines this year due to the UN-sponsored International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015), and due to its presence in the 2014 Nobel Prize awards. The purpose of this article is to highlight the innovation-enabling elements that were behind the work of one of the Nobel Laureates - and the stream of innovations that followed, beyond the Nobel work. I will further, from this and my personal experience, expand some thoughts on the enabling elements of academic innovation and draw some conclusions - and, in particular, try and answer the question "How can academic success be repeated?"

  5. Literacy-Related School Readiness Skills of English Language Learners in Head Start: An Analysis of the School Readiness Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Yujeong; Gurel, Sungur; Oh, Jihyun; Bettini, Elizabeth A; Leite, Walter

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Head Start on early literacy skills relevant to school readiness of English language learners compared to their peers. The comparisons of literacy outcomes were conducted between English language learners and non-English language learners when both groups participated and were not in Headā€¦

  6. Literacy-Related School Readiness Skills of English Language Learners in Head Start: An Analysis of the School Readiness Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Yujeong; Gurel, Sungur; Oh, Jihyun; Bettini, Elizabeth A; Leite, Walter

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Head Start on early literacy skills relevant to school readiness of English language learners compared to their peers. The comparisons of literacy outcomes were conducted between English language learners and non-English language learners when both groups participated and were not in Head…

  7. The Path to Career Success: High School Achievement, Certainty of Career Choice, and College Readiness Make a Difference. Issues In College Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2009

    2009-01-01

    It is essential for all students to be ready for college and career when they graduate from high school. Postsecondary educators expect high school graduates to be prepared academically for success in postsecondary education, which in turn influences success in the work world. Employers continue to call for workers to have the tools needed toā€¦

  8. The Early Developmental Competencies and School Readiness of Low-Income, Immigrant Children: Influences of Generation, Race/Ethnicity, and National Origins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Feyter, Jessica Johnson; Winsler, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Though much valuable research has been conducted on the academic achievement of school-age immigrant youth, less is known about the early developmental competencies of immigrant children during the preschool years. This study describes the school readiness of 2194 low-income children receiving subsidies to attend child care with emphasis on howā€¦

  9. Tornado Emergency Readiness Planning for Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison.

    A place of safe refuge in the event of violent natural forces or a tornado should be included in the design of all new school buildings. Existing a school buildings should be analyzed by the architect, contractor, or engineer to determine if a safe place exists or if one can be readily adapted. Most criteria for fallout shelters are the same forā€¦

  10. Readiness for Self-directed Learning and Academic Performance in an Abilities Laboratory Course

    PubMed Central

    Huynh, Donna; Rochester, Charmaine; Sturpe, Deborah A.; Kiser, Katie

    2011-01-01

    Objective To assess the relationship between readiness for self-directed learning, academic performance on self-directed learning activities, and resources used to prepare for an abilities laboratory course. Methods The Self-directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS) was administered to first-year (P1) doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) candidates at the University of Maryland. Additional data collected included final course grades, quiz scores, resources used to prepare for laboratory activities, and demographics. Results The mean SDLRS score was 148.6 Ā± 13.8. Sixty-eight students (44%) scored > 150, indicating a high readiness for self-directed learning. These students were more likely to complete assignments before the laboratory, meet in study groups, and report postgraduation plans to enter noncommunity pharmacy. No significant association was found between academic performance and the SDLRS. Conclusions Readiness for self-directed learning is associated with self-directed learning habits, but may not be necessary for learning foundational knowledge, provided students are given specific instructions on what to study. Whether high readiness for self-directed learning is necessary for more complex learning or for self-identification of learning needs is unknown. PMID:21519415

  11. School Desegregation, Academic Attainment, and Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivkin, Steven G.

    2000-01-01

    High School and Beyond longitudinal survey data were used to investigate the impact of school racial composition and quality on achievement, educational attainment, and earnings for blacks. Results support the idea that school quality improvement is likely to be much more effective than desegregation as a means of improving academic and labor…

  12. Preparing School Counselors to Promote Academic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galassi, John P.; Akos, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    Reform in school counseling over the last decade has focused on how school counselors can contribute to the academic development of K-12 students. Consensus in this matter has yet to be achieved, and recommendations about how best to prepare preservice K-12 school counselors for this objective have been incomplete. The authors describe content andā€¦

  13. School Desegregation, Academic Attainment, and Earnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivkin, Steven G.

    2000-01-01

    High School and Beyond longitudinal survey data were used to investigate the impact of school racial composition and quality on achievement, educational attainment, and earnings for blacks. Results support the idea that school quality improvement is likely to be much more effective than desegregation as a means of improving academic and laborā€¦

  14. Family Income, School Attendance, and Academic Achievement in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrissey, Taryn W.; Hutchison, Lindsey; Winsler, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Low family income is associated with poor academic achievement among children. Higher rates of school absence and tardiness may be one mechanism through which low family income impacts children's academic success. This study examines relations between family income, as measured by receipt of free or reduced-price lunch, school attendance, andā€¦

  15. The School Engagement Project: Academic Engagement Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gut, Dianne M.; Farmer, Thomas W.; Bishop-Goforth, Jennifer; Hives, Jacqueline; Aaron, Annie; Jackson, Frances

    2004-01-01

    The Academic Engagement Enhancement (AEE) model provides a framework for improving skills of older students who struggle with the acquisition and development of reading. This model was developed as part of a broader intervention program aimed at promoting academic and social competence of youth who were at risk of school failure. The strategiesā€¦

  16. Defining School Readiness in Maryland: A Multi-Dimensional Perspective. Publication #2012-44

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forry, Nicole; Wessel, Julia

    2012-01-01

    Increased emphasis has been placed on children's ability to enter kindergarten ready to learn, a concept referred to as "school readiness." School readiness has been defined by the Maryland State Department of Education as "the stage of human development that enables a child to engage in, and benefit from, primary learning experiences." Components…

  17. Defining School Readiness in Maryland: A Multi-Dimensional Perspective. Publication #2012-44

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forry, Nicole; Wessel, Julia

    2012-01-01

    Increased emphasis has been placed on children's ability to enter kindergarten ready to learn, a concept referred to as "school readiness." School readiness has been defined by the Maryland State Department of Education as "the stage of human development that enables a child to engage in, and benefit from, primary learning experiences." Componentsā€¦

  18. Validation of the Lollipop Test: A Diagnostic Screening Test of School Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chew, Alex L.; Morris, John D.

    1984-01-01

    The validity of the Lollipop Test: A Diagnostic Screening Test of School Readiness was examined using the Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT), Level I, Form Q, as the criterion. Appreciable concurrent validity was found across test batteries. Implications for school readiness screening are discussed. (Author/BS)

  19. Necessary School Readiness Skills for Kindergarten Success According to Jordanian Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abu Taleb, Tagreed Fathi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the necessity levels of children's school readiness skills held by Jordanian kindergarten teachers. The sample consisted of 347 teachers drawn from the public and private kindergarten education sectors. The school readiness data collection instrument included seven readiness domains with a total of 39ā€¦

  20. School Board Advocacy: Ready, Aim, Inspire!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowd, Karen

    2010-01-01

    It is said that "all politics are local," and the same can be said about advocacy and school boards. Advocacy is essential for retaining the progress that's been made in the past, and for building a foundation and network for the future. Advocating for preferred programs, curricula and initiatives has always been important. As a starting point,ā€¦

  1. The Inevitable School Crises: Are You Ready?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, Terrence

    2002-01-01

    Describes five-point crises-management plan: Assemble a school crises team, assign specific roles to each team member, delineate the responsibilities of each team member, conduct training for all staff members. Shares lessons learned in managing crisis situations. (PKP)

  2. Early maternal employment and children's school readiness in contemporary families.

    PubMed

    Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Coley, Rebekah Levine

    2014-08-01

    This study assessed whether previous findings linking early maternal employment to lower cognitive and behavioral skills among children generalized to modern families. Using a representative sample of children born in the United States in 2001 (N = 10,100), ordinary least squares regression models weighted with propensity scores assessed links between maternal employment in the 2 years after childbearing and children's school readiness skills at kindergarten. There were neutral associations between maternal employment and children's school readiness, which were not differentiated by maternal time, stress, or wages. However, as nonmaternal household income decreased, maternal employment begun prior to 9 months was linked with higher cognitive skills, while employment begun between 9 and 24 months was linked with lower conduct problems. PMID:24911571

  3. The School Entry Gap: Socioeconomic, Family, and Health Factors Associated with Children's School Readiness to Learn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janus, Magdalena; Duku, Eric

    2007-01-01

    Notwithstanding the constant debate in the scientific and policy literature on the precise meaning of school readiness, research consistently demonstrates a wide variation between groups of children resulting in a gap at school entry. Recently, the teacher-completed Early Development Instrument (EDI), a new measure of children's school readinessā€¦

  4. Teachers' Knowledge and Readiness towards Implementation of School Based Assessment in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veloo, Arsaythamby; Krishnasamy, Hariharan N.; Md-Ali, Ruzlan

    2015-01-01

    School-Based Assessment (SBA) was implemented in Malaysian secondary schools in 2012. Since its implementation, teachers have faced several challenges to meet the aims and objectives of the School-Based Assessment. Based on these challenges this study aims to find the level of teachers' knowledge and readiness towards the implementation ofā€¦

  5. When will we be ready for academic integrity?

    PubMed

    Hutchins, Bob; Cobb, Stan

    2008-03-01

    The academic dental community has been taken aback by recent events involving student cheating. Several of these events have served as the catalyst for a number of recent journal articles on the subject, providing an invaluable overview of the problems. There have also been several articles over the last few years that have considered student behavior and how institutions can address professionalism. Unfortunately, administrations can only do so much with their policies and curricula, which is why this article is directed toward the individuals that have the most influence on how policies are administered, curricula are implemented, and students are directed: that is, the faculty. This article discusses various ways faculty members can become more intimately involved in the development of professionalism at their institutions and encourages the creation of a four-year program that establishes a culture of professionalism. PMID:18316540

  6. Montessori Public School Pre-K Programs and the School Readiness of Low-Income Black and Latino Children

    PubMed Central

    Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Within the United States, there are a variety of early education models and curricula aimed at promoting young children's pre-academic, social, and behavioral skills. This study, using data from the Miami School Readiness Project (MSRP; Winsler et al., 2008, 2012), examined the school readiness gains of low-income Latino (n = 7,045) and Black children (n = 6,700) enrolled in two different types of Title-1 public school pre-K programs: those in programs using the Montessori curricula and those in more conventional programs using the High/Scope curricula with a literacy supplement. Parents and teachers reported on children's socio-emotional and behavioral skills with the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA), while children's pre-academic skills (cognitive, motor, and language) were assessed directly with the Learning Accomplishment Profile Diagnostic (LAP-D) at the beginning and end of their four-year-old pre-K year. All children, regardless of curricula, demonstrated gains across pre-academic, socio-emotional, and behavioral skills throughout the pre-K year; however, all children did not benefit equally from Montessori programs. Latino children in Montessori programs began the year at most risk in pre-academic and behavioral skills, yet exhibited the greatest gains across these domains and ended the year scoring above national averages. Conversely, Black children exhibited healthy gains in Montessori, but demonstrated slightly greater gains when attending more conventional pre-K programs. Findings have implications for tailoring early childhood education programs for Latino and Black children from low-income communities. PMID:25435592

  7. Montessori Public School Pre-K Programs and the School Readiness of Low-Income Black and Latino Children.

    PubMed

    Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

    2014-11-01

    Within the United States, there are a variety of early education models and curricula aimed at promoting young children's pre-academic, social, and behavioral skills. This study, using data from the Miami School Readiness Project (MSRP; Winsler et al., 2008, 2012), examined the school readiness gains of low-income Latino (n = 7,045) and Black children (n = 6,700) enrolled in two different types of Title-1 public school pre-K programs: those in programs using the Montessori curricula and those in more conventional programs using the High/Scope curricula with a literacy supplement. Parents and teachers reported on children's socio-emotional and behavioral skills with the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA), while children's pre-academic skills (cognitive, motor, and language) were assessed directly with the Learning Accomplishment Profile Diagnostic (LAP-D) at the beginning and end of their four-year-old pre-K year. All children, regardless of curricula, demonstrated gains across pre-academic, socio-emotional, and behavioral skills throughout the pre-K year; however, all children did not benefit equally from Montessori programs. Latino children in Montessori programs began the year at most risk in pre-academic and behavioral skills, yet exhibited the greatest gains across these domains and ended the year scoring above national averages. Conversely, Black children exhibited healthy gains in Montessori, but demonstrated slightly greater gains when attending more conventional pre-K programs. Findings have implications for tailoring early childhood education programs for Latino and Black children from low-income communities. PMID:25435592

  8. Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children: Post-Acute Effects on Cognitive and School Readiness Skills

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, H. Gerry; Swartwout, Maegan; Yeates, Keith O.; Walz, Nicolay C.; Stancin, Terry; Wade, Shari L.

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies have documented weaknesses in cognitive ability and early academic readiness in young children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, few of these studies have rigorously controlled for demographic characteristics, examined the effects of TBI severity on a wide range of skills, or explored moderating influences of environmental factors on outcomes. To meet these objectives, each of three groups of children with TBI (20 with severe, 64 with moderate, and 15 with mild) were compared with a group of 117 children with orthopedic injuries (OI group). The children were hospitalized for their injuries between 3 and 6 years of age and were assessed an average of 1Ā½ months post injury. Analysis revealed generalized weaknesses in cognitive and school readiness skills in the severe TBI group and suggested less pervasive effects of moderate and mild TBI. Indices of TBI severity predicted outcomes within the TBI sample and environmental factors moderated the effects of TBI on some measures. The findings document adverse effects of TBI in early childhood on post-acute cognitive and school readiness skills and indicate that residual deficits are related to both injury severity and the family environment. PMID:18764969

  9. Targeting classrooms' emotional climate and preschoolers' socioemotional adjustment: implementation of the Chicago School Readiness Project.

    PubMed

    Li-Grining, Christine P; Raver, C Cybele; Jones-Lewis, Darlene; Madison-Boyd, Sybil; Lennon, Jaclyn

    2014-01-01

    Children living in low-income families are more likely to experience less self-regulation, greater behavior problems, and lower academic achievement than higher income children. To help prevent children's later socioemotional and academic difficulties, the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) team implemented a clustered, randomized controlled trial (RCT) in early childhood programs with Head Start funding. Head Start sites were randomly assigned to receive CSRP services, which were offered as part of a multicomponent, classroom-based mental health intervention. Here, we provide an overview of the CSRP model, its components, and a descriptive portrait of its implementation. In so doing, we address various aspects of the implementation of three of its components: (1) the training of teachers, (2) MHCs' coaching of teachers, and (3) teachers' behavior management of children. We conclude with a discussion of factors potentially related to the implementation of CSRP and directions for future research. PMID:25321641

  10. College and Career Readiness: Course Taking Of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Secondary School Students.

    PubMed

    Nagle, Katherine; Newman, Lynn A; Shaver, Debra M; Marschark, Marc

    2016-01-01

    Research shows that deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students frequently enter college and the workplace relatively unprepared for success in math, science, and reading. Based on data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), the present study focused on DHH students' college and career readiness by investigating their opportunities in secondary school to acquire college and career skills. DHH students earned more credits overall than hearing peers; both groups earned a similar number of credits in academic courses. However, DHH students took more vocational and nonacademic courses and fewer courses in science, social science, and foreign languages. There was evidence that DHH students' academic courses in math lacked the rigor of those taken by hearing peers, as DHH students earned more credits in basic math and fewer credits in midlevel math courses, and even fewer in advanced math courses, than hearing peers. PMID:26853066

  11. Creating a P-20 Continuum of Actionable Academic Indicators of Student Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2013

    2013-01-01

    This policy brief is a guide for state education policy leaders to use in selecting and prioritizing college- and career-ready student performance indicators. These indicators can be built into the state's accountability system through public reporting, statewide performance goals, school-level incentives, and accountability formulas used toā€¦

  12. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Five Evaluation Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Center for Educational Research, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, is a federally-funded system of grants that focuses on preparing low-income students to enter and succeed in postsecondary educational programs. GEAR UP grants extend across 6 school years and require that funded districts begin providing grant services to students noā€¦

  13. The Condition of College & Career Readiness, 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    Since 1959, ACT has collected and reported data on students' academic readiness for college. This report provides a college and career readiness snapshot of the ACT-tested high school class of 2011. ACT has long defined college and career readiness as the acquisition of the knowledge and skills a student needs to enroll and succeed inā€¦

  14. Families and Schools Influence Academic Achievements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckley, Sue

    2008-01-01

    Most people probably assume that the quality and type of education that children receive in school influences academic progress, but may be less clear about the ways in which parents can also influence outcomes. When a child has a developmental disability then the most people will be less confident about predicting the effects of schools orā€¦

  15. Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Mark

    This review explores which facility attributes affect academic outcomes the most and in what manner and degree. The research is examined in six categories: indoor air quality, ventilation, and thermal comfort; lighting; acoustics; building age and quality; school size; and class size. The review concludes that school facilities affect learning.ā€¦

  16. Get Ready for Your Child's Higher Education: Get Ready at Home, Get Ready at School, Get Ready Financially.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Higher Education Services Office, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This guide provides support and information for parents whose children are considering or preparing for college. Secondary school preparation, career discernment, college application procedures, admissions tests, financial aid, savings and investment suggestions, student life, "empty nest" concerns, and student health and safety are discussed.

  17. School Readiness: What Does It Mean for Indigenous Children, Families, Schools and Communities? Issues Paper No. 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob; Kearney, Emma

    2010-01-01

    At the state and local level, many school systems, districts and early childhood networks have developed approaches and programs to support children's transition to school. These programs often address school readiness. There are many definitions of school readiness. Some refer to the skills and attributes of individual children, defining it asā€¦

  18. Toddler Working Memory Skills Predict Kindergarten School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Pagani, Linda S.

    2012-01-01

    Converging findings in psychology, neuroscience, education, and economics suggests that child persistence in learning represents an important determinant of academic success during the school years. Nevertheless, the developmental origins of productive learning behaviors are not well understood. Some findings suggest that executive function skills…

  19. Toddler Working Memory Skills Predict Kindergarten School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Pagani, Linda S.

    2012-01-01

    Converging findings in psychology, neuroscience, education, and economics suggests that child persistence in learning represents an important determinant of academic success during the school years. Nevertheless, the developmental origins of productive learning behaviors are not well understood. Some findings suggest that executive function skillsā€¦

  20. Impacts of a Comprehensive School Readiness Curriculum for Preschool Children at Risk for Educational Difficulties.

    PubMed

    Lonigan, Christopher J; Phillips, Beth M; Clancy, Jeanine L; Landry, Susan H; Swank, Paul R; Assel, Michael; Taylor, Heather B; Klein, Alice; Starkey, Prentice; Domitrovich, Celene E; Eisenberg, Nancy; de Villiers, Jill; de Villiers, Peter; Barnes, Marcia

    2015-01-01

    This article reports findings from a cluster-randomized study of an integrated literacy- and math-focused preschool curriculum, comparing versions with and without an explicit socioemotional lesson component to a business-as-usual condition. Participants included 110 classroom teachers from randomized classrooms and approximately eight students from each classroom (N = 760) who averaged 4.48 (SD = 0.44) years of age at the start of the school year. There were positive impacts of the two versions of the curriculum on language, phonological awareness, math, and socioemotional outcomes, but there were no added benefits to academic or socioemotional outcomes for the children receiving explicit socioemotional instruction. Results are discussed with relevance to early childhood theory, policy, and goals of closing the school readiness gap. PMID:26510099

  1. Counseling on early childhood concerns: sleep issues, thumb sucking, picky eating, and school readiness.

    PubMed

    Tseng, Ann G; Biagioli, Frances E

    2009-07-15

    Sleep issues, thumb sucking, coping with picky eating, and determining if a child is ready for school are common concerns of families with young children. Information and resources to help counsel on these topics include recommendations from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the American Dental Association, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Infant sleep times can be prolonged by unmodified or graduated extinction, maintaining routines, scheduled awakenings, and parent education. Thumb sucking can be addressed with positive reinforcement, alternative comfort measures, reminders, and child involvement in solutions. Worry about picky eating can be eased by educating parents about the dietary requirements of toddlers. Social and emotional factors most influence kindergarten success. Keeping children from starting school may not be in their best interest academically. PMID:19621854

  2. Academic Achievement in Effective Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basque, Marc; Bouchamma, Yamina

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of achievement in mathematics in elementary schools in New Brunswick (Canada). Data Collection: Both teachers and school leaders (N = 111) completed a questionnaire on their practices and on school functioning. Findings: Multiple regression analyses revealed that the students'ā€¦

  3. A Study of Pre-School Children's School Readiness Related to Scientific Thinking Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unutkan, Ozgul Polat

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare school readiness of children who had pre-school experiences and children without such experiences on the basis of scientific thinking skills. This comparison is held in terms of variables of age, gender, and socio economic status. The questions of the study in relation to the purpose of the study are as…

  4. Improved Middle Grades Schools for Improved High School Readiness: Ten Best Practices in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottoms, Gene; Timberlake, Allison

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) Committee to Improve High School Graduation Rates and Achievement, led by then-Governor Sonny Perdue of Georgia, released a report of 10 key recommendations for ensuring more students graduate from high school, and they graduate ready for college and careers. Among these 10 recommendations wasā€¦

  5. Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. The Social Genome Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaacs, Julia B.

    2012-01-01

    Poor children in the United States start school at a disadvantage in terms of their early skills, behaviors, and health. Fewer than half (48 percent) of poor children are ready for school at age five, compared to 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high income, a 27 percentage point gap. This paper examines the reasons why poorā€¦

  6. Improved Middle Grades Schools for Improved High School Readiness: Ten Best Practices in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottoms, Gene; Timberlake, Allison

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) Committee to Improve High School Graduation Rates and Achievement, led by then-Governor Sonny Perdue of Georgia, released a report of 10 key recommendations for ensuring more students graduate from high school, and they graduate ready for college and careers. Among these 10 recommendations was…

  7. Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. The Social Genome Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaacs, Julia B.

    2012-01-01

    Poor children in the United States start school at a disadvantage in terms of their early skills, behaviors, and health. Fewer than half (48 percent) of poor children are ready for school at age five, compared to 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high income, a 27 percentage point gap. This paper examines the reasons why poor…

  8. Parental Conceptions of School Readiness: Relation to Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Children's Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbarin, Oscar A.; Early, Diane; Clifford, Richard; Bryant, Donna; Frome, Pamela; Burchinal, Margaret; Howes, Carollee; Pianta, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Research Findings: This study analyzed the school readiness beliefs of parents of 452 children from public pre-kindergarten and the relations of these beliefs to socioeconomic status and children's readiness skills. Parents conceived readiness largely in terms of the ability to name objects, letters, or numbers, but few included inferentialā€¦

  9. Technology Readiness of School Teachers: An Empirical Study of Measurement and Segmentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badri, Masood; Al Rashedi, Asma; Yang, Guang; Mohaidat, Jihad; Al Hammadi, Arif

    2014-01-01

    The Technology Readiness Index (TRI) developed by Parasuraman (2000) was adapted to measure the technology readiness of public school teachers in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The study aims at better understanding the factors (mostly demographics) that affect such readiness levels. In addition, Abu Dhabi teachers are segmented into five mainā€¦

  10. The Relations of Early Television Viewing to School Readiness and Vocabulary of Children from Low-Income Families: The Early Window Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, John C.; Auston, Aletha C.; Murphy, Kimberlee C.; St. Peters, Michelle; Pinon, Ronda Scantlin; Kotler, Jennifer

    2001-01-01

    Collected time-use diaries of television viewing from two cohorts of children (ages 2-5 and 4-7) from low-income families and gave annual tests of reading, math, receptive vocabulary, and school readiness. Found that viewing of child-audience informative programs between ages 2 and 3 predicted higher academic performance. Frequent viewers ofā€¦

  11. Because Wisdom Can't Be Told: Using Comparison of Simulated Parent-Teacher Conferences to Assess Teacher Candidates' Readiness for Family-School Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Joan M. T.; Dotger, Benjamin H.

    2012-01-01

    This study used text-related, video-based case materials to assess teacher candidates' readiness to communicate with families. Participants (N = 141) rated their efficacy for home-school communication and then responded to a description of a classroom-based challenge regarding one student's behavioral and academic performance. Next, they evaluatedā€¦

  12. A Comparison of College Readiness among Students Enrolled in Texas Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Academies and Traditional Comprehensive High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Richard L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine if differences existed in the performance of Texas Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (T-STEM) academy programs and the performance of traditional Texas comprehensive high school programs on seven indicators of college readiness defined in the Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS)ā€¦

  13. Measuring the Foundations of School Readiness: Introducing a New Questionnaire for Teachers--The Brief Early Skills and Support Index (BESSI)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Claire; Daly, Irenee; Foley, Sarah; White, Naomi; Devine, Rory T.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Early work on school readiness focused on academic skills. Recent research highlights the value of also including both children's social and behavioural competencies and family support. Aims: Reflecting this broader approach, this study aimed to develop a new and brief questionnaire for teachers: The Brief Early Skills and Supportā€¦

  14. Are medical school students ready for e-readers?

    PubMed

    Atlas, Michel C

    2013-01-01

    College textbook publishers are planning to make college and professional education textbooks available online to be downloaded to personal communication devices (e.g., smartphones), digital audio players (e.g., iPods), and digital readers (e.g., Kindles). The current literature on the attitudes of current students to this technological change, especially as it relates to medical school students is reviewed. A short survey attempted to determine how ready the first-year medical students at the University of Louisville are to accept this change in their study habits. PMID:23394419

  15. Rethinking Schooling as Academic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Patricia A.

    2004-01-01

    The Model of Domain Learning (MDL) is described as a means of studying academic development or the systematic changes that occur in learners as a consequence of formal education. The differences between the MDL and traditional theory and research in expertise are overviewed, along with the components and stages of the model. Implications of theā€¦

  16. Ethnic Differences in Profiles of Motherā€“Child Interactions and Relations to Emerging School Readiness in African American and Latin American Children

    PubMed Central

    Dyer, Nazly; Owen, Margaret Tresch; Caughy, Margaret Oā€™Brien

    2015-01-01

    SYNOPSIS Objective This article examines ethnic similarities and differences in profiles of motherā€“child interaction qualities for low-income African American and Latin American mothers and associations with preschoolersā€™ emerging school readiness. Design Videotaped motherā€“child interactions were collected at age 2.5 years from a sample of African American (n = 192) and Latin American (n = 210) families. Profiles of maternal behavior were identified in person-centered within-group analyses of five ratings of maternal behavior from the videotaped interactions. Mothering profile groups were examined for relations to child receptive language, behavior problems, and pre-academic school readiness measured at age 3.5 years. Results Latent class analyses yielded three similar profiles in the two ethnicities identified as Child-Oriented, Directive, and Harsh-Intrusive mothering, and a fourth profile of Withdrawn mothering only among the African American mothers. For African American children, Child-Oriented and Directive mothering were each associated with higher pre-academic school readiness and language scores than Harsh-Intrusive or Withdrawn mothering. For Latin American children, Child-Oriented mothering was associated with fewer child behavior problems than Harsh-Intrusive mothering, and higher school readiness scores than Directive mothering. Conclusions Both similarities and differences were found between African American and Latin American families in observation- based mothering profiles and their linkages with preschoolersā€™ school readiness. PMID:26120285

  17. School Resources and the Academic Achievement of Canadian Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wei, Yichun; Clifton, Rodney A.; Roberts, Lance W.

    2011-01-01

    This study estimates the impact of schools' physical resources and teachers' academic press on students' academic achievement in mathematics and reading when a number of important student variables are controlled. Academic press is defined as teachers' emphasis on academic excellence and upholding academic standards (McDill, Natriello, & Pallas,ā€¦

  18. Student Mobility, Academic Performance, and School Accountability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mao, Michael X.; And Others

    The magnitude of student mobility was examined in the Texas public schools by reporting how many students are moving, when and where they are moving, and who is moving, and by clarifying the relationships between mobility and academic performance at the individual student, campus, and district levels. While the study's primary focus was onā€¦

  19. Academic Freedom in the Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Civil Liberties Union, New York, NY.

    A policy statement recommends application of the principles of academic freedom and civil liberties to the secondary schools. Teachers' rights are discussed in terms of (1) appointments and dismissals, (2) loyalty oaths, (3) curriculum, (4) selection of texts and supplementary instructional resources, (5) freedom to teach controversial issues, (6)ā€¦

  20. Academic Supports Provided for Struggling High School Students. Evaluation Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGaughey, Trisha A.; Wade, Julie H.; Zhao, Huafang

    2013-01-01

    This brief describes an evaluation of academic intervention supports available to high school students in Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) during the 2012-2013 school year. A website review identified information about academic supports available to students or parents within each high school's web pages. A survey of school staff gatheredā€¦

  1. The Development of an Index of Academic Rigor for College Readiness. Research Report No. 2011-11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Wiley, Andrew; Camara, Wayne J.; Proestler, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Academic intensity or academic rigor of students' high school curriculum is positively related to several college outcomes including the avoidance of remediation and graduation attainment. However, research on academic rigor has been limited possibly due to the difficulty in obtaining a quantitative measure applicable across schools and districts.ā€¦

  2. Critical Pathways to School Readiness: Implications for First 5 Ventura County Strategic Planning, Funding and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Lisa; Tullis, Ericka; Franke, Todd; Halfon, Neal

    2005-01-01

    The UCLA Center for Healthier Children, Families and Communities (CHCFC) has developed the School Readiness Critical Pathways (SRCPs) as an evidence-based conceptual model that links related outcomes and strategies. This helps to organize an array of broad and diffuse evidence regarding the strategies that produce school readiness outcomes forā€¦

  3. Child, Family and Community Characteristics Associated with School Readiness in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

    2009-01-01

    The present study investigated demographic differences in school readiness within Jordan, a particularly interesting context because of widespread national reform currently sweeping the education system in Jordan. Teacher reports and researcher direct assessments of the school readiness of a national sample of 4681 Jordanian first grade childrenā€¦

  4. Dimensionality and Measurement Invariance of a School Readiness Screener by Gender and Parent Education Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Matthew; Mayworm, Ashley; Furlong, Michael J.; Grimm, Ryan; Rebelez, Jennica

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the dimensionality and measurement invariance of the Kindergarten Student Entrance Profile (KSEP), a brief screening tool designed for use as a universal school readiness assessment. Teachers rated the readiness of 10,031 children during the first month of kindergarten in four ethnically diverse, medium-sized school districtsā€¦

  5. A Report to the Minnesota Legislature on the Way To Grow/School Readiness Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Evaluation Section.

    This report examines the Way to Grow (WTG) school readiness program, which is designed to promote healthy development and school readiness of Minnesota children from birth through age 6 by coordinating and improving access to community-based health, education, and social services. This pilot program began in fiscal year 1990 and was beingā€¦

  6. Growing Arizona: A Report by the Arizona School Readiness Task Force.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Action Alliance, Phoenix, AZ.

    Based upon the view that Arizona's future workforce cannot meet competitive demands if children are not ready to learn at school entry, the Arizona School Readiness Task Force examined ways to improve child care and early education. This report presents the task force findings and recommendations to improve learning opportunities. The reportā€¦

  7. Schools Take Major Steps to Prepare Students to Be College- and Career-Ready

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2013

    2013-01-01

    More high school students today are graduating college-ready, career-ready or both, thanks to an emphasis by modern business and industry, strong support from states and more rigorous learning experiences at schools across the nation. It has been said many times, but now it is sinking in. From hospitals to factories, employees need to know how toā€¦

  8. Developing College Readiness Indices for Maine High Schools: An Exploratory Study. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silvernail, David L.; Sloan, James E.; Paul, Chelsea R.; Linet, Sarah R.

    2014-01-01

    This Research Brief describes the results of an exploratory study of the development and potential uses of a set of college readiness measures for Maine high schools. The study was designed to: (1) explore the viability of creating a series of school-level college readiness indices; (2) examine the relationships between the indices and otherā€¦

  9. Minnesota School Readiness Year Two Study: Developmental Assessment at Kindergarten Entrance, Fall 2003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    A large and growing body of research supports the critical relationship between early childhood experiences and successful life-long outcomes. Assessing the readiness of children as they enter school is a high priority. This report describes findings from Year Two of the assessment of school readiness with a larger random sample of childrenā€¦

  10. Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2014-01-01

    In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

  11. Measuring School Readiness: How Do We Know When We're on Track?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Action Alliance, Phoenix, AZ.

    In Arizona and around the country, there is an increased focus on ensuring that children start school ready to learn. Noting that the best way to know if Arizona's children are starting school ready to learn is to track their progress, this booklet details indicators or benchmarks in five categories used to measure the state's progress in schoolā€¦

  12. Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2014-01-01

    In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'ā€¦

  13. Examining the Relationship between Neighborhood Environment and School Readiness for Kindergarten Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapointe, Vanessa R.; Ford, Laurie; Zumbo, Bruno D.

    2007-01-01

    In the current research project, the relationship between neighborhood environment and school readiness was investigated. To measure neighbourhood environment, data from the 2001 Canadian Census were used, while school readiness was measured using the Early Development Instrument (EDI). EDI data were collected for kindergarten children acrossā€¦

  14. Indicators of College Readiness: A Comparison of High School and College Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connolly, Faith; Olson, Linda S.; Durham, Rachel E.; Plank, Stephen B.

    2014-01-01

    This report compares high school indicators of college readiness for the Baltimore City Schools Class of 2011 with actual readiness as determined by Maryland colleges. Each Maryland college determines its own criteria for entering credit bearing courses or taking developmental courses. As a result, findings are reported separately by collegeā€¦

  15. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE HEAD START PROGRAM IN ENHANCING SCHOOL READINESS OF CULTURALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CHESTEEN, HILLIARD E., JR.; AND OTHERS

    TO STUDY THE EFFECT OF A 6-WEEK HEAD START PROGRAM ON THE SCHOOL READINESS OF 81 CULTURALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN IN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH, LOUISIANA, COMPARISONS WERE MADE BETWEEN HEAD START AND NONCULTURALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN. IQ SCORES AND CULTURAL-SOCIOLOGICAL-ECONOMICAL STATUS INFLUENCE UPON SCHOOL READINESS WERE STUDIED. ALL CHILDREN INVOLVEDā€¦

  16. Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance

    PubMed Central

    Trudeau, FranƧois; Shephard, Roy J

    2008-01-01

    Background The purpose of this paper is to review relationships of academic performance and some of its determinants to participation in school-based physical activities, including physical education (PE), free school physical activity (PA) and school sports. Methods Linkages between academic achievement and involvement in PE, school PA and sport programmes have been examined, based on a systematic review of currently available literature, including a comprehensive search of MEDLINE (1966 to 2007), PSYCHINFO (1974 to 2007), SCHOLAR.GOOGLE.COM, and ERIC databases. Results Quasi-experimental data indicate that allocating up to an additional hour per day of curricular time to PA programmes does not affect the academic performance of primary school students negatively, even though the time allocated to other subjects usually shows a corresponding reduction. An additional curricular emphasis on PE may result in small absolute gains in grade point average (GPA), and such findings strongly suggest a relative increase in performance per unit of academic teaching time. Further, the overwhelmingly majority of such programmes have demonstrated an improvement in some measures of physical fitness (PF). Cross-sectional observations show a positive association between academic performance and PA, but PF does not seem to show such an association. PA has positive influences on concentration, memory and classroom behaviour. Data from quasi-experimental studies find support in mechanistic experiments on cognitive function, pointing to a positive relationship between PA and intellectual performance. Conclusion Given competent providers, PA can be added to the school curriculum by taking time from other subjects without risk of hindering student academic achievement. On the other hand, adding time to "academic" or "curricular" subjects by taking time from physical education programmes does not enhance grades in these subjects and may be detrimental to health. PMID:18298849

  17. Parent Engagement and School Readiness: Effects of the Getting Ready Intervention on Preschool Childrenā€™s Socialā€“Emotional Competencies

    PubMed Central

    Sheridan, Susan M.; Knoche, Lisa L.; Edwards, Carolyn P.; Bovaird, James A.; Kupzyk, Kevin A.

    2014-01-01

    Research Findings Parental engagement with children has been linked to a number of adaptive characteristics in preschool children, and relationships between families and professionals are an important contributor to school readiness. Furthermore, socialā€“emotional competence is a key component of young childrenā€™s school readiness. This study reports the results of a randomized trial of a parent engagement intervention (Getting Ready) designed to facilitate school readiness among disadvantaged preschool children, with a particular focus on socialā€“emotional outcomes. Two hundred and twenty children were involved over the 4-year study period. Statistically significant differences were observed between treatment and control participants in the rate of change over a 2-year period on teacher reports for certain interpersonal competencies (i.e., attachment, initiative, and anxiety/ withdrawal). In contrast, no statistically significant differences between groups over a 2-year period were noted for behavioral concerns (anger/aggression, self-control, or behavioral problems) as a function of the Getting Ready intervention. Practice or Policy The intervention appears to be particularly effective at building socialā€“emotional competencies beyond the effects experienced as a function of participation in Head Start programming alone. Limitations and implications for future research are reviewed. PMID:24683299

  18. Understanding how childrenā€™s engagement and teachersā€™ interactions combine to predict school readiness

    PubMed Central

    Williford, Amanda P.; Maier, Michelle F.; Downer, Jason T.; Pianta, Robert C.; Howes, Carolee

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the quality of preschool classroom experiences through the combination of teachersā€™ interactions at the classroom level and childrenā€™s individual patterns of engagement in predicting childrenā€™s gains in school readiness. A sample of 605 children and 309 teachers participated. The quality of childrenā€™s engagement and teacher interactions was directly observed in the classroom setting, and direct assessments of childrenā€™s school readiness skills were obtained in the fall and again in the spring. The quality of teacher interactions was associated with gains across all school readiness skills. The effect of childrenā€™s individual classroom engagement on their gains in school readiness skills (specifically phonological awareness and expressive vocabulary) was moderated by classroom level teacher interactions. The results suggest that if teachers provide highly responsive interactions at the classroom level, children may develop more equitable school readiness skills regardless of their individual engagement patterns. PMID:26722137

  19. Reading and Writing with a Public Purpose: Fostering Middle School Students' Academic and Critical Community Literacies through Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mirra, Nicole; Honoroff, Benjamin; Elgendy, Suzanne; Pietrzak, Gabriel

    2016-01-01

    Middle school is a crucial transition period for adolescents; in addition to beginning to grapple with the academic literacy demands of college and career readiness, they are working to find their place in public life and developing opinions about civic issues. This article presents debate as a literacy practice that is uniquely suited to helpingā€¦

  20. The Effects of an Academic Alternative High School on Academically At-Risk Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winningham, Mark L.

    2012-01-01

    In a causal-comparative research design, this study investigated the effectiveness of an academic alternative school in improving at-risk student outcomes in a selected county school system in the Upper Cumberland region of Tennessee. The academic alternative high school was compared to a traditional high school serving at-risk populations.…

  1. The Effects of an Academic Alternative High School on Academically At-Risk Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winningham, Mark L.

    2012-01-01

    In a causal-comparative research design, this study investigated the effectiveness of an academic alternative school in improving at-risk student outcomes in a selected county school system in the Upper Cumberland region of Tennessee. The academic alternative high school was compared to a traditional high school serving at-risk populations.ā€¦

  2. "Change in Schools It's More Like Sort of Turning an Oil Tanker": Creating Readiness for Health Promoting Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Belinda; Ollis, Debbie

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to add to the evidence of best practice in the implementation of the Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework by examining the process of creating readiness for change in a large international school in South-East Asia. Using a settings-based approach and guided by readiness for change theory the data…

  3. "Change in Schools It's More Like Sort of Turning an Oil Tanker": Creating Readiness for Health Promoting Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Belinda; Ollis, Debbie

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to add to the evidence of best practice in the implementation of the Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework by examining the process of creating readiness for change in a large international school in South-East Asia. Using a settings-based approach and guided by readiness for change theory the dataā€¦

  4. Strategies to Prepare Middle School and High School Students for College and Career Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radcliffe, Rich A.; Bos, Beth

    2013-01-01

    Trends among adolescents continue to be discouraging in terms of career and college readiness based on National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) achievement reports and high school graduation rate data. In response, this article presents five goals and eight strategies we have engaged in during a seven-year research study focused onā€¦

  5. How Home Gets to School: Parental Control Strategies Predict Children's School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Aimee Kleisner; MacPhee, David

    2011-01-01

    At-risk families' control style (autonomy support and coercive control) was examined in relation to children's school readiness; children's social skills and mastery motivation were hypothesized mediating variables. In two different, low-income samples from diverse ethnic backgrounds, one preschool sample recruited from Head Start (N = 199) and a…

  6. How Home Gets to School: Parental Control Strategies Predict Children's School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Aimee Kleisner; MacPhee, David

    2011-01-01

    At-risk families' control style (autonomy support and coercive control) was examined in relation to children's school readiness; children's social skills and mastery motivation were hypothesized mediating variables. In two different, low-income samples from diverse ethnic backgrounds, one preschool sample recruited from Head Start (N = 199) and aā€¦

  7. Patterns of School Readiness Forecast Achievement and Socioemotional Development at the End of Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2012-01-01

    A person-oriented approach examined patterns of functioning in social and executive function domains at 54 months and in turn forecasted 5th-grade socioemotional and achievement outcomes for 944 children. Six distinct profiles of 54-month school readiness patterns predicted outcomes in 5th grade with indications of cross-domain association betweenā€¦

  8. College and Career Ready? Perceptions of High School Students Related to WorkKeys Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Deanna D.

    2011-01-01

    Concern about college and career readiness has been expressed in both the business and education arenas. Employers are calling for entry-level employees with basic academic skills and educators are being held accountable for student achievement in academic areas similar to those required by employers. In this environment, WorkKeys has emerged as aā€¦

  9. College and Career Ready? Perceptions of High School Students Related to WorkKeys Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Deanna; Stern, Sam

    2013-01-01

    College and career readiness is a concern in both business and education arenas. Employers are calling for entry-level employees with basic academic skills and educators are being held accountable for student achievement in similar academic areas. In this environment, WorkKeys has emerged as a set of assessments that could respond to the needs ofā€¦

  10. Academic dishonesty in schools of nursing: a literature review.

    PubMed

    Klocko, Marilyn N

    2014-03-01

    Academic dishonesty in schools of nursing is surprisingly common. The following literature review defines academic dishonesty, describes the scope of the problem, and sheds light on factors that affect student behaviors that lead to academic dishonesty in schools of nursing. Finally, barriers to and best practices for solutions to the problem will be reviewed as they appear within the literature. PMID:24495578

  11. Effects of Academic Coaching on Elementary and Secondary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenny, Dianna T.; Faunce, Gavin

    2004-01-01

    The authors assessed the effects of out-of-school hours academic coaching on students' (at academic performance on end-of-year examinations in English, mathematics, and science; (b) attainment of academic scholarships; and (c) acceptance to Gifted and Talented (GT) classes and selective high schools. Participants were 1,724 elementary andā€¦

  12. Classroom Context, School Engagement, and Academic Achievement in Early Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotterer, Aryn M.; Lowe, Katie

    2011-01-01

    Classroom context and school engagement are significant predictors of academic achievement. These factors are especially important for academically at-risk students. Grounded in an ecological systems perspective, this study examined links between classroom context, school engagement, and academic achievement among early adolescents. We took aā€¦

  13. Academic Self-Concept, Gender and Single-Sex Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Alice

    2009-01-01

    This article assesses gender differences in academic self-concept for a cohort of children born in 1958 (the National Child Development Study). It addresses the question of whether attending single-sex or co-educational schools affected students' perceptions of their own academic abilities (academic self-concept). Academic self-concept was foundā€¦

  14. Measuring Academic Tenacity: New Visions for Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrano, Jared

    2013-01-01

    Over the past three years, the College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) project has afforded New Visions for Public Schools an opportunity to reflect upon their college readiness systems and practices. Through their involvement in the project, they have been able to explore various strategies for ensuring that their students graduate from highā€¦

  15. Using PLAN to Identify Student Readiness for Rigorous Courses in High School. Issues In College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2009

    2009-01-01

    As part of its College Readiness System, ACT offers the PLAN[R] program as a way for tenth-grade students to review their progress toward college readiness while there is still time to make necessary interventions. PLAN contains four tests--English, Mathematics, Reading, and Science. These tests are designed to measure students' curriculum-relatedā€¦

  16. Providing High School Feedback: Using Data to Improve Students' College and Career Readiness. Data for Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Data Quality Campaign, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Educators, administrators, and policymakers are all working to ensure that students graduate high school ready for success in college and the workforce. High school feedback reports, reports that provide information on how a class of high school graduates fares in postsecondary, let school and district leaders know where their students go afterā€¦

  17. School Mobility and Students' Academic and Behavioral Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Han, Seunghee

    2014-01-01

    The study examined estimated effects of school mobility on students' academic and behaviouiral outcomes. Based on data for 2,560 public schools from the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) 2007-2008, the findings indicate that high schools, urban schools, and schools serving a total student population of more than 50 percent minorityā€¦

  18. Effects of Kindergarten Attendance on Development of School Readiness and Language Skills. Interim Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Rosalyn

    This study was made to find out to what extent kindergartens contribute to school readiness. Ninety children with a mean chronological age of 4.9 were tested with the Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT), the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities (ITPA), and a Behavior Rating Scale and were retested one year later. During the intervening year,ā€¦

  19. National Profiles of School Readiness Skills for Head Start Children: An Investigation of Stability and Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWayne, Christine M.; Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L.; Cheung, Katherine; Wright, Linnie E. Green

    2012-01-01

    Among a nationally representative sample of 2336 Head Start children, patterns of school readiness were compared at the beginning and end of children's first preschool year, and predictors of stability and change across readiness profiles were examined. The present study documented that although the majority of children remain in a qualitativelyā€¦

  20. Embedding College Readiness Indicators in High School Curriculum and Assessments. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dounay, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    This Policy Brief describes the methods a growing number of states are using to place college readiness indicators in high school coursework and assessments. To help ensure that students are prepared for college-level work, a number of states embed college readiness indicators in curriculum and assessments. This policy brief presents how severalā€¦

  1. School Environment and Academic Achievement of Standard IX Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, A. S. Arul; Vimala, A.

    2012-01-01

    The present study School Environment and Academic Achievement of standard IX students was probed to find the relationship between School Environment and Academic Achievement of standard IX students. Data for the study were collected using self-made School Environment Scale (SES). The investigator used stratified random sampling technique forā€¦

  2. Academic self-efficacy mediates the effects of school psychological climate on academic achievement.

    PubMed

    HĆøigaard, Rune; Kovač, Velibor Bobo; Ƙverby, Nina Cecilie; Haugen, Tommy

    2015-03-01

    This study investigated the effects of proximal and distal constructs on adolescent's academic achievement through self-efficacy. Participants included 482 ninth- and tenth- grade Norwegian students who completed a questionnaire designed to assess school-goal orientations, organizational citizenship behavior, academic self-efficacy, and academic achievement. The results of a bootstrapping technique used to analyze relationships between the constructs indicated that school-goal orientations and organizational citizenship predicted academic self-efficacy. Furthermore, school-goal orientation, organizational citizenship, and academic self-efficacy explained 46% of the variance in academic achievement. Mediation analyses revealed that academic self-efficacy mediated the effects of perceived task goal structure, perceived ability structure, civic virtue, and sportsmanship on adolescents' academic achievements. The results are discussed in reference to current scholarship, including theories underlying our hypothesis. Practical implications and directions for future research are suggested. PMID:24708286

  3. Academic Achievement, Academic Self-Concept, and Academic Motivation of Immigrant Adolescents in the Greater Toronto Area Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Freeman, John G.

    2008-01-01

    The study examined the self-reported academic achievement, academic self-concept, and academic motivation of 573 immigrant and nonimmigrant adolescents in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) secondary schools. Descriptive Discriminant Analyses indicated that the immigrant adolescents had higher performance in mathematics, higher math and schoolā€¦

  4. Charter Schools: The 65% Instructional Expenditure Ratio and College-Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schulte, Don P.; Slate, John R.

    2011-01-01

    We investigated for all of the charter school districts (n = 192) in the State of Texas for the 2008-2009 school year the relationship between the 65% instructional expenditures ratio mandate and college-readiness rates in reading, math, and in both subjects for all high school students and then separately for African American, Hispanic, and White…

  5. Exploring the Contribution of a Content-Infused Interactive Whiteboard for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McManis, Lilla D.; Gunnewig, Susan B.; McManis, Mark H.

    2010-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the relationship between use of an interactive (touchscreen) whiteboard and development of school readiness skills. Over one school year, public school regular education prekindergarten classrooms used an interactive whiteboard with preloaded literacy and math activities. The children were low-income and Englishā€¦

  6. Design, Implementation, and Outcomes of a School Readiness Program for Diverse Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelletier, Janette; Corter, Carl

    2005-01-01

    This study describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of a school-based readiness program for prekindergarten children (4-year-olds) and their families. The program was designed on the basis of a collaborative model of university-school partnership, and the program itself featured relationship-building between families and schools. Theā€¦

  7. Family and neighborhood disadvantage, home environment, and children's school readiness.

    PubMed

    Jeon, Lieny; Buettner, Cynthia K; Hur, Eunhye

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between family socioeconomic risk, neighborhood disadvantage, and children's school readiness. A sample of 420 children from 48 early childcare programs yielded multi-informant data. The average age was 55.3 months (SD = 6.4), with 38% of children being Black, non-Hispanic, Hispanic, or other minority race (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander). One third (32.4%) of the parents had annual incomes less than $30,000. We used multilevel structural equation modeling to test direct and indirect associations among family socioeconomic risk and neighborhood disadvantage and children's cognitive and social-emotional development through home learning environment and parental depression. Children with a greater number of family socioeconomic risks and a higher level of neighborhood disadvantage demonstrated lower scores on cognitive skills. The degree of family socioeconomic risk was indirectly associated with children's cognitive ability through parents' cognitive stimulation at home. Parents who had more family socioeconomic risks and neighborhood disadvantage reported more depressive symptoms, which, in turn, suggested children's greater probability of having social-emotional problems. In other words, home learning environments explained associations between family socioeconomic disadvantage and children's cognitive skills, while parental depression explained associations between family/neighborhood disadvantages and children's social-emotional problems. Results suggest the importance of intervention or prevention strategies for parents to improve cognitive stimulation at home and to reduce depressive symptoms. PMID:25150370

  8. Academic Self-Efficacy Mediates the Effects of School Psychological Climate on Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hųigaard, Rune; Kovac, Velibor Bobo; Ųverby, Nina Cecilie; Haugen, Tommy

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of proximal and distal constructs on adolescent's academic achievement through self-efficacy. Participants included 482 ninth-and tenth-grade Norwegian students who completed a questionnaire designed to assess school-goal orientations, organizational citizenship behavior, academic self-efficacy, and academic…

  9. Academic Standards in Alabama

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    A+ Education Partnership, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Education policymakers and educators in Alabama are committed to improving the state's public education system to ensure that students gain the knowledge and skills they need to graduate from high school ready for real life. The state is on the path to implementing higher academic standards--the College and Career Ready Standards--which lay aā€¦

  10. Multidimensional Scaling of High School Students' Perceptions of Academic Dishonesty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmelkin, Liora Pedhazur; Gilbert, Kimberly A.; Silva, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    Although cheating on tests and other forms of academic dishonesty are considered rampant, no standard definition of academic dishonesty exists. The current study was conducted to investigate the perceptions of academic dishonesty in high school students, utilizing an innovative methodology, multidimensional scaling (MDS). Two methods were used toā€¦

  11. Biculturalism and Academic Achievement of African American High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rust, Jonathan P.; Jackson, Margo A.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Blumberg, Fran C.

    2011-01-01

    Biculturalism was examined as a factor that may positively affect the academic achievement of African American high school students, beyond cultural identity and self-esteem. Hierarchical regression analyses determined that cultural identity and academic self-esteem were important factors for academic achievement, but not biculturalism.ā€¦

  12. Academically Resilient, Low-Income Students' Perspectives of How School Counselors Can Meet Their Academic Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Joseph; Steen, Sam; Albert, Tracy; Dely, Betty; Jacobs, Brian; Nagel, Chelsea; Irick, Anese

    2016-01-01

    This phenomenological, qualitative study examined a national sample of academically resilient, low-income middle school students' (N = 24) perspectives of what school counselors can do to promote their academic achievement. Three main themes and nine subthemes were identified: build meaningful relationships, build on the cultural wealth ofā€¦

  13. Interpreting Changes over Time in High School Average ACTĀ® College Readiness Assessment Composite Scores and ACT College Readiness Benchmark Attainment Rates. ACT Research Report Series, 2013 (9)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawyer, Richard

    2013-01-01

    Education officials and journalists frequently track changes over time in the average ACTĀ® College Readiness Assessment Composite scores and ACT College Readiness Benchmark attainment rates of individual high schools. Using standard statistical methods, I examined how often changes in these statistics are unambiguously positive or negative, ratherā€¦

  14. Personality Type and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.

    2014-01-01

    Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school studentsā€¦

  15. School Gardens Enhance Academic Performance and Dietary Outcomes in Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berezowitz, Claire K.; Bontrager Yoder, Andrea B.; Schoeller, Dale A.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Schools face increasing demands to provide education on healthy living and improve core academic performance. Although these appear to be competing concerns, they may interact beneficially. This article focuses on school garden programs and their effects on students' academic and dietary outcomes. Methods: Database searches in CABI,ā€¦

  16. Contracting out Public Schools and Academic Performance: Evidence from Colombia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonilla-Angel, Juan D.

    2011-01-01

    Contracting out public schools to private institutions is an instrument for reforming public education as it may facilitate academic innovation and improve student academic performance through higher school accountability and autonomy. The degree of autonomy that different providers have may vary substantially depending on the contractual andā€¦

  17. School Gardens Enhance Academic Performance and Dietary Outcomes in Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berezowitz, Claire K.; Bontrager Yoder, Andrea B.; Schoeller, Dale A.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Schools face increasing demands to provide education on healthy living and improve core academic performance. Although these appear to be competing concerns, they may interact beneficially. This article focuses on school garden programs and their effects on students' academic and dietary outcomes. Methods: Database searches in CABI,…

  18. Business School Deans on Student Academic Dishonesty: A Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Bob S.; Weible, Rick J.; Olmosk, Kurt E.

    2010-01-01

    While students and, to a lesser extent, faculty have been surveyed about the student academic dishonesty issue, deans have been virtually ignored. This paper reports the results of an online survey of business school deans on the issue. Deans' perceptions of the level of student academic dishonesty in their schools were much lower than the levelsā€¦

  19. Library Schools and Their Host Academic Libraries: Relationships, Power, Perceptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Marianne; Kaufmann, Shoshana

    1990-01-01

    This study examined factors affecting the relationships of library school deans and library directors in shared academic settings, and found differences in their perceptions of the relationship and a higher position in the academic hierarchy for directors. Dates of appointment, location of the library school, and faculty status for librarians wereā€¦

  20. Adolescent Health Behavior, Contentment in School, and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Allegrante, John P.; Helgason, Asgeir R.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To examine the association between health behavior indicators, school contentment, and academic achievement. Methods: Structural equation modeling with 5810 adolescents. Results: Our model explained 36% of the variance in academic achievement and 24% in school contentment. BMI and sedentary lifestyle were negatively related to schoolā€¦

  1. The Relationship between Educational Resources of School and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savasci, Havva Sebile; Tomul, Ekber

    2013-01-01

    The educational resources of schools play an important role in order to diminish the effect of socioeconomic features on academic achievement, and create equal opportunities for students. In this sense, it is highly crucial to investigate the relationship between the educational resources of schools and the academic achievement of students. Thisā€¦

  2. Academic Performance, School Desertion and Emotional Paradigm in University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sosa, Emma Rosa Cruz; Barrientos, Laura GĆ”tica; Castro, Patricia Eugenia GarcĆ­a; GarcĆ­a, JesĆŗs HernĆ”ndez

    2010-01-01

    The present work aims to describe academic performance, school desertion and the emotional paradigm of the university students of the accounting school of the BenemĆ©rita Universidad AutĆ³noma de Puebla (FCPBUAP). We have found that low academic performance is related to students' economic deficiency, which affects their concentration on theirā€¦

  3. Graduate Students' Perspectives of Academic Positions in School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagle, Richard J.; Suldo, Shannon M.; Christenson, Sandra L.; Hansen, Anastasia L.

    2004-01-01

    An increasing number of vacancies in school psychology academic positions and the reduced number of applicants seeking to enter academia have created projected shortages in academe. The purpose of the current study was to determine perspectives of academia held by current school psychology graduate students, who are in line to become the nextā€¦

  4. Assessing Students' Job-Readiness Skills To Assure Success in School-Business Partnership Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Diane

    This article describes development of the Inventory for Assessing the Job-Readiness Skills of Students Placed in Alternative Classes. Introductory material notes the importance of on-the-job vocational experiences for secondary students with mild academic or behavioral disabilities. The inventory covers three domains, life skills, affectiveā€¦

  5. [Medical and psychological prediction of professional readiness of graduates of military school].

    PubMed

    Vorona, A A; Gerasimenko, V D; Kozlovskiĭ, Ɖ A; Kukushkin, Iu A; Bogomolov, A V

    2012-01-01

    The authors propose a method for assessing the professional readiness of graduates of military educational institution, taking into account academic performance, the results of sociometric surveys, data on the professional fitness and health. The high efficiency of the developed method for predicting successful adaptation of graduates to serve in the armed forces is showed. PMID:22545450

  6. A SURVEY OF LANGUAGE SCHOOLS NOT UNDER ACADEMIC AUSPICES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MUSTARD, HELEN M.

    A SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED OF 93 SCHOOLS WHICH OFFERED FOREIGN-LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION IN 10 MAJOR CITIES. THESE SCHOOLS WERE SELF-SUPPORTING AND NOT INCLUDED IN SUCH ACADEMIC CATEGORIES AS COLLEGES, PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS, AND PRIVATE PREPARATORY SCHOOLS. INFORMATION ON THE STUDY OF LANGUAGES FOREIGN TO AMERICANS WERE GATHERED BY INTERVIEWS WITH EACH…

  7. Immediate Effects of a Program to Promote School Readiness in Low-Income Children: Results of a Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pears, Katherine C.; Healey, Cynthia V.; Fisher, Philip A.; Braun, Drew; Gill, Colt; Conte, Holly Mar; Newman, Judy; Ticer, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Children from low-income backgrounds demonstrate poorer school readiness skills than their higher-income peers. The Kids In Transition to School (KITS) Program was developed to increase early literacy, social, and self-regulatory skills among children with inadequate school readiness. In the present study, 39 families participated in a pilot…

  8. Immediate Effects of a Program to Promote School Readiness in Low-Income Children: Results of a Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pears, Katherine C.; Healey, Cynthia V.; Fisher, Philip A.; Braun, Drew; Gill, Colt; Conte, Holly Mar; Newman, Judy; Ticer, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Children from low-income backgrounds demonstrate poorer school readiness skills than their higher-income peers. The Kids In Transition to School (KITS) Program was developed to increase early literacy, social, and self-regulatory skills among children with inadequate school readiness. In the present study, 39 families participated in a pilotā€¦

  9. Using Research to Improve College Readiness: A Research Partnership Between the Los Angeles Unified School District and the Los Angeles Education Research Institute

    PubMed Central

    Phillips, Meredith; Yamashiro, Kyo; Farrukh, Adina; Lim, Cynthia; Hayes, Katherine; Wagner, Nicole; White, Jeffrey; Chen, Hansheng

    2015-01-01

    The Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) serves a large majority of socioeconomically disadvantaged students who are struggling academically and are underprepared for high school graduation and college. This article describes the partnership between LAUSD and the Los Angeles Education Research Institute, and how this collaboration endeavors to produce accessible and high-quality research to inform pressing problems of practice. The article also presents findings from an ongoing partnership research project analyzing a district policy focused on improving college readiness by aligning high school graduation and college-eligibility requirements. In a cohort that went through high school before the policy became mandatory for all students, less than 1/5 of all students (and 30% of graduates) met the college eligibility criteria. Our findings indicate that academic and behavioral indicators from 8th and 9th grade can help identify for possible intervention students who are not on track to meet these new graduation requirements. PMID:26709340

  10. Investigating the Link between Home-School Dissonance and Academic Cheating among High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown-Wright, Lynda; Tyler, Kenneth M.; Stevens-Watkins, Danelle; Thomas, Deneia; Mulder, Shambra; Hughes, Travonia; Stevens-Morgan, Ruby; Roan-Belle, Clarissa; Gadson, Nadia; Smith, La Toya

    2013-01-01

    The current study examined the association between home-school dissonance and academic cheating among 344 high school juniors and seniors at two urban high schools. Students completed two subscales of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scale (PALS) and one subscale of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS). Analyses revealed that home-school…

  11. The Chinese High School Student's Stress in the School and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

    2011-01-01

    In a sample of 466 Chinese high school students, we examined the relationships between Chinese high school students' stress in the school and their academic achievements. Regression mixture modelling identified two different classes of the effects of Chinese high school students' stress on their academic achievements. One class contained 87% of…

  12. Are High Schools Failing Their Students? Strengthening Academic Rigor in the High School Curriculum. Newsletter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Growing concern about the academic proficiency of high school graduates has placed high school reform at the forefront of the education policy agenda. Critics have begun to question the degree of academic rigor in the nation's high schools, and many states and school districts are looking for ways to address this issue. This month's newsletterā€¦

  13. The Chinese High School Student's Stress in the School and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

    2011-01-01

    In a sample of 466 Chinese high school students, we examined the relationships between Chinese high school students' stress in the school and their academic achievements. Regression mixture modelling identified two different classes of the effects of Chinese high school students' stress on their academic achievements. One class contained 87% ofā€¦

  14. College Readiness and the Postsecondary Outcomes of Illinois High School Students. Policy Research: IERC 2012-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtenberger, Eric J.; Dietrich, Cecile

    2012-01-01

    This study presents longitudinal description of the association between college readiness--as measured by college readiness benchmarks set by the ACT--and a series of postsecondary outcomes of the Illinois High School Class of 2003. In addition to describing how college readiness is distributed among the cohort, this study establishes the college…

  15. Making It Real: How High Schools Can Be Held Accountable for Developing Students' Career Readiness. Policy Brief 13-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darche, Svetlana; Stern, David

    2013-01-01

    There is widespread agreement on the goal of preparing every high school student for both postsecondary education and a lifetime of fulfilling work, that every graduate should be "college and career ready." The authors' view is that career readiness and college readiness entail many of the same skills, bodies of knowledge, andā€¦

  16. Coming, Ready or Not: Aboriginal Children's Transition to School in Urban Australia and the Policy Push

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Anthea Jo

    2011-01-01

    Concern that too many Australian children, particularly Indigenous children, are not ready to start school has spurred a series of changes to the pre-school sector. Included among these changes are nationwide mass surveying and the introduction of a unified curriculum framework together with moves towards standardised entry assessment. Focusing onā€¦

  17. Children's School Readiness: Implications for Eliminating Future Disparities in Health and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagani, Linda S.; Fitzpatrick, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Background: School-entry characteristics predict adult educational attainment, which forecasts dispositions toward disease prevention. Health and education risks can also be transmitted from one generation to the next. As such, school readiness forecasts a set of intertwined biopsychosocial trajectories that can influence the developmentalā€¦

  18. Coming, Ready or Not: Aboriginal Children's Transition to School in Urban Australia and the Policy Push

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Anthea Jo

    2011-01-01

    Concern that too many Australian children, particularly Indigenous children, are not ready to start school has spurred a series of changes to the pre-school sector. Included among these changes are nationwide mass surveying and the introduction of a unified curriculum framework together with moves towards standardised entry assessment. Focusing on…

  19. Saudi EFL Teachers' Readiness and Perceptions of Young Learners Teaching at Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahd Al Malihi, Joza

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate EFL elementary school teachers' perception of their own readiness to teach young learners at Saudi schools as it has been recently introduced at this level. Further, it inspects their major needs that should be considered when developing teacher-training programs. A questionnaire was distributed targeting elementaryā€¦

  20. Executive Functioning Predicts School Readiness and Success: Implications for Assessment and Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cantin, Rachelle H.; Mann, Trisha D.; Hund, Alycia M.

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, executive functioning (EF) has received increasing attention from researchers and practitioners focusing on how EF predicts important outcomes such as success at school and in life. For example, EF has been described as the single best predictor of school readiness (Blair & Razza, 2007). Moreover, EF has been implicated inā€¦

  1. Improving Students' Readiness for College: Homewood-Flossmoor High School, Illinois District 233. Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2004

    2004-01-01

    This paper illustrates how Homewood-Flossmoor High School, Illinois District 233 addressed the decline in its student achievement results and improved college readiness among its students. This sharp decline caused school officials to stop and reevaluate what they were doing. A review of the facts led to a clear conclusion: "Rigorous coursework isā€¦

  2. Mathematics from High School to Community College: Preparation, Articulation, and College Un-Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaffe, Louise

    2012-01-01

    This research studied the role of mathematics as a roadblock to college completion for community college-bound students in California. Using longitudinal quantitative analysis, I observed the educational pipeline between high school and community college and analyzed how different high school mathematics histories predicted readiness, or…

  3. The Relationship between Preschool Programming and School Readiness for Rural Children Entering Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Donna M.

    2010-01-01

    Children in the researcher's rural school district have limited opportunities for a high quality preschool programming that prepares them for school readiness. Quality preschool programming is defined as teachers with proper qualifications and training, small class size, stimulating curriculum, and parent involvement. The theoretical foundation…

  4. Social Information Processing Patterns, Social Skills, and School Readiness in Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziv, Yair

    2013-01-01

    The links among social information processing, social competence, and school readiness were examined in this short-term longitudinal study with a sample of 198 preschool children. Data on social information processing were obtained via child interview, data on child social competence were obtained via teacher report, and data on school readinessā€¦

  5. The Relationship between Preschool Programming and School Readiness for Rural Children Entering Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Donna M.

    2010-01-01

    Children in the researcher's rural school district have limited opportunities for a high quality preschool programming that prepares them for school readiness. Quality preschool programming is defined as teachers with proper qualifications and training, small class size, stimulating curriculum, and parent involvement. The theoretical foundationā€¦

  6. Finnish High School Students' Readiness to Adopt Online Learning: Questioning the Assumptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valtonen, Teemu; Kukkonen, Jari; Dillon, Patrick; Vaisanen, Pertti

    2009-01-01

    The Finnish high school system in rural areas is facing challenges because of a decreasing number of the students. This situation places new emphasis on online learning. Online learning offers new possibilities for high schools to provide equal learning opportunities for their students. This paper explores students' readiness to adapt theirā€¦

  7. Mathematics from High School to Community College: Preparation, Articulation, and College Un-Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaffe, Louise

    2012-01-01

    This research studied the role of mathematics as a roadblock to college completion for community college-bound students in California. Using longitudinal quantitative analysis, I observed the educational pipeline between high school and community college and analyzed how different high school mathematics histories predicted readiness, orā€¦

  8. Cognitive Determinants of Academic Performance in Nigerian Pharmacy Schools

    PubMed Central

    Sansgiry, Sujit S.; Ukwe, Chinwe V.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate cognitive factors that might influence academic performance of students in Nigerian pharmacy schools. Methods. A cross-sectional, multi-center survey of Nigerian pharmacy students from 7 schools of pharmacy was conducted using 2 validated questionnaires measuring cognitive constructs such as test anxiety, academic competence, test competence, time management, and strategic study habits. Results. Female students and older students scored significantly better on time management skills and study habits, respectively. Test anxiety was negatively associated with academic performance while test competence, academic competence, and time management were positively associated with academic performance. These 4 constructs significantly discriminated between the lower and higher performing students, with the first 2 contributing to the most differences. Conclusion. Test and academic competence, test anxiety, and time management were significant factors associated with low and high academic performance among Nigerian pharmacy students. The study also demonstrated the significant effects of age, gender, and marital status on these constructs. PMID:27168614

  9. Cognitive Determinants of Academic Performance in Nigerian Pharmacy Schools.

    PubMed

    Ubaka, Chukwuemeka M; Sansgiry, Sujit S; Ukwe, Chinwe V

    2015-09-25

    Objective. To evaluate cognitive factors that might influence academic performance of students in Nigerian pharmacy schools. Methods. A cross-sectional, multi-center survey of Nigerian pharmacy students from 7 schools of pharmacy was conducted using 2 validated questionnaires measuring cognitive constructs such as test anxiety, academic competence, test competence, time management, and strategic study habits. Results. Female students and older students scored significantly better on time management skills and study habits, respectively. Test anxiety was negatively associated with academic performance while test competence, academic competence, and time management were positively associated with academic performance. These 4 constructs significantly discriminated between the lower and higher performing students, with the first 2 contributing to the most differences. Conclusion. Test and academic competence, test anxiety, and time management were significant factors associated with low and high academic performance among Nigerian pharmacy students. The study also demonstrated the significant effects of age, gender, and marital status on these constructs. PMID:27168614

  10. Visuomotor integration and inhibitory control compensate for each other in school readiness.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Claire E; Brock, Laura L; Hatfield, Bridget E; Cottone, Elizabeth A; Rubinstein, Elise; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Grissmer, David W

    2015-11-01

    Visuomotor integration (VMI), or the ability to copy designs, and 2 measures of executive function were examined in a predominantly low-income, typically developing sample of children (n = 467, mean age 4.2 years) from 5 U.S. states. In regression models controlling for age and demographic variables, we tested the interaction between visuomotor integration (design copying) and inhibitory control (pencil-tap) or verbal working memory (digit span) on 4 directly assessed academic skills and teacher-reported approaches to learning. Compared with children with both poor visuomotor integration and low inhibitory control, those on the higher end of the continuum in at least 1 of these 2 skills performed better across several dependent variables. This compensatory pattern was evident for longitudinal improvement in print knowledge on the Test of Preschool Early Literacy (TOPEL), with similar though marginally significant findings for improvement in phonological awareness (TOPEL) and teacher-rated approaches to learning on the Preschool Learning Behaviors Scale (PLBS). Of note, the same compensatory pattern emerged for concurrently measured receptive vocabulary on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), expressive vocabulary on the Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ), TOPEL phonological awareness, and teacher-rated approaches to learning. The consistent pattern of results suggests that strong visuomotor integration skills are an important part of school readiness, and merit further study. PMID:26436872

  11. A Comparison of Parents and Teachers' Evaluations about School Readiness among First-Grade Pupils of Primary Schools in Tehran

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kakia, Lida; Popov, Habil Nikolay; Arani, Abbas Madandar

    2015-01-01

    Children's school readiness has received much attention from professionals in the field of education. Nevertheless, scholars in Middle East countries have not investigated this topic in a major way. The purpose of the present study was to determine (i) the most common parent-child activities for first-grade pupils in Tehran primary schools asā€¦

  12. A Quantitative Study of Teacher Readiness to Teach School-Based HIV/AIDS Education in Kenyan Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lang'at, Edwin K.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose and Method of Study: The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' self-perceived readiness to teach school-based HIV/AIDS Awareness and Prevention education in Kenyan primary schools based on their knowledge, attitudes and instructional confidence. This research utilized a non-experimental quantitative approach with a…

  13. A Quantitative Study of Teacher Readiness to Teach School-Based HIV/AIDS Education in Kenyan Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lang'at, Edwin K.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose and Method of Study: The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers' self-perceived readiness to teach school-based HIV/AIDS Awareness and Prevention education in Kenyan primary schools based on their knowledge, attitudes and instructional confidence. This research utilized a non-experimental quantitative approach with aā€¦

  14. Case Study of a California High School under Academic Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beam, Eric Adam

    2008-01-01

    This study is a mixed-methods case study of Antelope Valley High School (AVHS). AVHS was one of the first six schools in California to receive academic sanctions since the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. It was also the first high school to receive a State Trustee who was embedded at the school every day for two school years. AVHSā€¦

  15. Inequality from the First Day of School: The Role of Teachers' Academic Intensity and Sense of Responsibility in Moderating the Learning Growth Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Youn, Minjong

    2016-01-01

    The author used the concepts of academic intensity and sense of responsibility to examine whether children with low school readiness may be moderated by the amount of exposure to learning activities and the attitudes that teachers hold toward these children. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed thatā€¦

  16. Comparing Self-Regulatory and Early Academic Skills as Predictors of Later Math, Reading, and Science Elementary School Achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murrah, William M., III

    The achievement score gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged children at school entry is a major problem in education today. Identifying the skills critical for school readiness is an important step in developing interventions aimed at addressing these score gaps. The purpose of this study is to compare a number of school readiness skills with an eye toward finding out which are the best predictors of later academic achievement in math, reading, and science. The predictors were early reading, math, general knowledge, socioemotional skills, and motor skills. Data were obtained from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study of 1998 (NCES, 1998) database. While controlling for an extensive set of family characteristics, predictions were made across five years - from the end of kindergarten to the end of fifth grade. Consistent with current findings, reading and math skills predicted later achievement. Interestingly, general knowledge, attention, and fine motor skills also proved to be important predictors of later academic achievement, but socioemotional skills were not. The findings were interpreted from a neurobiological perspective involving the development of self-regulation. These school entry skills are used to predict later achievement in reading, math, and science. I argued that in addition to acquiring early academic knowledge, children need to regulate the use of this knowledge to meet academic goals.

  17. The Effect of Primary School Size on Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gershenson, Seth; Langbein, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Evidence on optimal school size is mixed. We estimate the effect of transitory changes in school size on the academic achievement of fourth-and fifth-grade students in North Carolina using student-level longitudinal administrative data. Estimates of value-added models that condition on school-specific linear time trends and a variety ofā€¦

  18. States Seek High School Pathways Weaving Academic, Career Options

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawchuk, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Every student at Wheeling High School takes a full academic courseload. Many of the graduates of this 2,000-student school in Wheeling, Illinois, however, also emerge with significant experience in a career field. Those interested in health careers, for example, can work with student-athletes in the school's athletic training facility, earn a…

  19. School Counselors' Perceptions of Their Academic Preparedness and Job Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman-Scott, Emily

    2015-01-01

    School counselors are trained in academic preparation programs for future job activities. However, job expectations taught in such programs can differ from actual school counseling activities. This article reports the findings of a national survey of school counselors' (N = 1,052) perceived preparation and practice.

  20. Personality Traits and Intelligence Predict Academic School Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furnham, Adrian; Monsen, Jeremy

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the extent to which personality traits and intelligence scores predict school level academic performance (AP), (British GCSE: General Certificate of Secondary Education; America Grade 10) in different disciplines. The participant sample consisted of approximately 250 school pupils from three schools in the South East ofā€¦

  1. High School Employment and Academic Achievement: A Note for Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keister, Mary; Hall, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    Educators are often in a position to affect student decisions to work during the school term. This study reviews and summarizes the literature on the effect that employment during high school has on academic achievement. The available evidence suggests that part-time jobs for high school students are beneficial as long as the number of hoursā€¦

  2. Building Academically Strong Gifted Programs in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luhman, Anna; Fundis, Ronald

    This ERIC Digest discusses relevant issues and alternatives for rural school districts trying to develop strong programs for their most academically talented students. Although rural schools are more often constrained by high costs and material shortages than are urban schools, there are opportunities inherent in the lower teacher-student ratiosā€¦

  3. States Seek High School Pathways Weaving Academic, Career Options

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawchuk, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Every student at Wheeling High School takes a full academic courseload. Many of the graduates of this 2,000-student school in Wheeling, Illinois, however, also emerge with significant experience in a career field. Those interested in health careers, for example, can work with student-athletes in the school's athletic training facility, earn aā€¦

  4. School Readiness of Moderately Preterm Children at Preschool Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perricone, Giovanna; Morales, M. Regina; Anzalone, Germana

    2013-01-01

    The study investigates the preschool readiness of moderately preterm children and, in particular, the likely presence of learning disabilities at preschool age. Its theoretical model detects linguistic comprehension and expression; memory-related metacognition and cognition skills; orientation and motor coordination skills; premathematics andā€¦

  5. The Relationship of Maternal and Infant Variables to School Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Rosalyn A.; And Others

    A prospective longitudinal investigation related 76 maternal and infant variables to performance on the Metropolitan Readiness Tests (MRT) at age six. The 1,245 study subjects have been followed since birth. Their distribution on measures of intelligence and socioeconomic status is essentially normal. Subjects with high MRT scores were found toā€¦

  6. School Readiness of Moderately Preterm Children at Preschool Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perricone, Giovanna; Morales, M. Regina; Anzalone, Germana

    2013-01-01

    The study investigates the preschool readiness of moderately preterm children and, in particular, the likely presence of learning disabilities at preschool age. Its theoretical model detects linguistic comprehension and expression; memory-related metacognition and cognition skills; orientation and motor coordination skills; premathematics and…

  7. Preventing conduct problems and improving school readiness: evaluation of the Incredible Years Teacher and Child Training Programs in high-risk schools

    PubMed Central

    Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Stoolmiller, Mike

    2009-01-01

    Background School readiness, conceptualized as three components including emotional self-regulation, social competence, and family/school involvement, as well as absence of conduct problems play a key role in young childrenā€™s future interpersonal adjustment and academic success. Unfortunately, exposure to multiple poverty-related risks increases the odds that children will demonstrate increased emotional dysregulation, fewer social skills, less teacher/parent involvement and more conduct problems. Consequently intervention offered to socio-economically disadvantaged populations that includes a social and emotional school curriculum and trains teachers in effective classroom management skills and in promotion of parentā€”school involvement would seem to be a strategic strategy for improving young childrenā€™s school readiness, leading to later academic success and prevention of the development of conduct disorders. Methods This randomized trial evaluated the Incredible Years (IY) Teacher Classroom Management and Child Social and Emotion curriculum (Dinosaur School) as a universal prevention program for children enrolled in Head Start, kindergarten, or first grade classrooms in schools selected because of high rates of poverty. Trained teachers offered the Dinosaur School curriculum to all their students in bi-weekly lessons throughout the year. They sent home weekly dinosaur homewrok to encourage parentsā€™ involvement. Part of the curriculum involved promotion of lesson objectives through the teachersā€™ continual use of positive classroom management skills focused on building social competence and emotional self-regulation skills as well as decreasing conduct problems. Matched pairs of schools were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Results Results from multi-level models on a total of 153 teachers and 1,768 students are presented. Children and teachers were observed in the classrooms by blinded observers at the begining and the end of the school year. Results indicated that intervention teachers used more positive classroom management strategies and their students showed more social competence and emotional self-regulation and fewer conduct problems than control teachers and students. Intervention teachers reported more involvement with parents than control teachers. Satisfaction with the program was very high regardless of grade levels. Conclusions These findings provide support for the efficacy of this universal preventive curriculum for enhancing school protective factors and reducing child and classroom risk factors faced by socio-economically disadvantaged children. PMID:18221346

  8. The Tip of the Iceberg: SURR Schools and Academic Failure in New York City. Civic Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kosar, Kevin

    This report presents statistical data on academic failure in New York City's Schools Under Registration Review (SURR) schools. The tables and charts focus on: SURR schools in New York state; SURR schools by grade level; academic achievement in new SURR schools; academic performance in all SURR schools; children attending New York City SURR Schoolsā€¦

  9. Issues of academic integrity in U.S. dental schools.

    PubMed

    Beemsterboer, P L; Odom, J G; Pate, T D; Haden, N K

    2000-12-01

    Evidence of violations of academic integrity can be identified at all levels of education. A survey on academic integrity was mailed in 1998 to the academic deans of all fifty-five U.S. dental schools, with a response rate of 84 percent. This survey showed that reported incidents of academic dishonesty occur in most dental schools, with the average school dealing with one or two cases a year. The most common incidents of dishonest behavior involved copying or aiding another student during a written examinations; the second most common involved writing an untrue patient record entry or signing a faculty member's name in a patient chart. Respondents indicated the major reason for failure to report academic dishonesty was fear of involvement because of time and procedural hassles and fear of repercussions from students and peers. PMID:11197944

  10. Academic Self-Efficacy Mediates the Effects of School Psychological Climate on Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HĆøigaard, Rune; Kovac, Velibor Bobo; Ƙverby, Nina Cecilie; Haugen, Tommy

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of proximal and distal constructs on adolescent's academic achievement through self-efficacy. Participants included 482 ninth-and tenth-grade Norwegian students who completed a questionnaire designed to assess school-goal orientations, organizational citizenship behavior, academic self-efficacy, and academicā€¦

  11. Investigating the Link between Home-School Dissonance and Academic Cheating among High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown-Wright, Lynda; Tyler, Kenneth M.; Stevens-Watkins, Danelle; Thomas, Deneia; Mulder, Shambra; Hughes, Travonia; Stevens-Morgan, Ruby; Roan-Belle, Clarissa; Gadson, Nadia; Smith, La Toya

    2013-01-01

    The current study examined the association between home-school dissonance and academic cheating among 344 high school juniors and seniors at two urban high schools. Students completed two subscales of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scale (PALS) and one subscale of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS). Analyses revealed that home-schoolā€¦

  12. Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milam, A. J.; Furr-Holden, C. D. M.; Leaf, P. J.

    2010-01-01

    Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population…

  13. The Effects of School Bonding on High School Seniors' Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, Julia; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Gaenzle, Stacey; Kim, Jungnam; Lin, Chia-Huei; Na, Goeun

    2012-01-01

    The authors examine the effects of school bonding on academic achievement (measured by math achievement scores) in a sample of 12th graders from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (Ingels, Pratt, Rogers, Siegel, & Stutts, 2005). Components of school bonding have proximal and distal effects on academic achievement. Attachment to school andā€¦

  14. Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milam, A. J.; Furr-Holden, C. D. M.; Leaf, P. J.

    2010-01-01

    Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a populationā€¦

  15. Patterns of School Readiness among Head Start Children: Meaningful Within-Group Variability during the Transition to Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWayne, Christine M.; Cheung, Katherine; Wright, Linnie E. Green; Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L.

    2012-01-01

    This study is a population-based investigation of children's school readiness with a national sample of low-income children, utilizing data from the Family and Children's Experiences Survey (FACES; 2000-2003). Guided by a developmental ecological framework, we posed 3 research questions: (a) How do children's early school readiness skills in theā€¦

  16. Promoting School Readiness in the Context of Socio-Economic Adversity: Associations with Parental Demoralization and Support for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okado, Yuko; Bierman, Karen L.; Welsh, Janet A.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Existing research suggests that parenting stress and demoralization, as well as provision of learning activities at home, significantly affect child school readiness. However, the degree to which these dimensions of parenting uniquely influence child school readiness remains unclear. Objective: This study tested the hypothesis thatā€¦

  17. Preparing Our Children To Learn. Report of the Select Committee on California Children's School Readiness and Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Wilma

    This report of the Select Committee on California Children's School Readiness and Health, established in 2001, examines the relationship between the status of a child's health and its impact on school readiness and achievement. The report is intended to promote and facilitate continued dialogue, exploration, and research on student health andā€¦

  18. Prematurity and School Readiness in a Nationally Representative Sample of Australian Children: Does Typically Occurring Preschool Moderate the Relationship?

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Jen-Hao; Claessens, Amy; Msall, Michael E.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between indicators of prematurity and childrenā€™s cognitive and behavioral school readiness in a nationally representative sample and to investigate whether typically occurring preschool enrollment moderates this relationship, particularly for children from disadvantaged families in Australia. METHODS The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children is a nationally representative prospective sample of two cohorts of children with sequentially obtained indicators of child health and developmental outcomes. We analyzed information on 8,060 children age 4ā€“5 years who had complete data on birth weight, gestational age, prenatal risks, social factors, and cognitive and behavioral outcomes of school readiness. Multivariate regressions were used to relate three indicators of prematurity (low birth weight, preterm birth, and small for gestational age) to cognitive and behavioral school readiness. RESULTS Children born preterm, small for gestational age, or with low birth weight have significantly lower cognitive school readiness after controlling for social factors and prenatal risks. None of the premature indicators was associated with behavioral school readiness. All children benefited from attending preschool. Yet, preschool enrollment did not moderate the relationship between prematurity and school readiness. The only exception is for small for gestational age survivors with low educated mothers. Preschool enrollment was associated with an increase in cognitive school readiness skills. CONCLUSIONS Prematurity was associated with lower cognitive school readiness skills. Typical occurring preschool did not eliminate this association. Findings suggest that simply expanding the preschool enrollment is inadequate to address the developmental needs of premature children from disadvantaged backgrounds. PMID:24401664

  19. Evaluations of School Readiness Initiatives: What Are We Learning? SERVE's Expanded Learning Opportunities National Leadership Area Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Elizabeth G.; Scott-Little, Catherine

    Encouraged by evidence linking quality early care/education programs and improved student outcomes, a variety of school readiness programs and initiatives have been created. This report reviews and synthesizes evaluation studies conducted on early childhood interventions, focusing on programs emphasizing a school readiness goal. The reportā€¦

  20. The Effectiveness of Parental Involvement in Preschool Education Programs on Parent Perceptions of Their Child's School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Konerza, Judith Ann

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the Gearing Up for Kindergarten program created a significant impact on parent understanding of children's development and aspects of school readiness. Parent perceptions of their child's readiness to make the transition to school were also assessed. The study also measured the Gearing Up forā€¦

  1. A Review of Methods and Instruments Used in State and Local School Readiness Evaluations. Issues & Answers. REL 2007-No. 004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Glyn; Scott-Little, Catherine; Amwake, Lynn; Wynn, Lucy

    2007-01-01

    The report provides detailed information about the methods and instruments used to evaluate school readiness initiatives, discusses important considerations in selecting instruments, and provides resources and recommendations that may be helpful to those who are designing and implementing school readiness evaluations. Study results indicate thatā€¦

  2. Foundational Study of School Start Date and Academic Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinson, Gayle

    2013-01-01

    There is a relative absence of research that specifically uses Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) data to investigate the relationship between birthdate of kindergartners and later academic success in third grade. This quantitative study investigated school start age and academic success on the 3rd grade Reading TAKS in a sample ofā€¦

  3. Academic Vocabulary and Middle School English Learners: An Intervention Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Dianna; Collins, Penny

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this experimental intervention study was to determine if evidence-based instructional strategies for general vocabulary words are effective with middle school English learner (EL) students and academic vocabulary words. Participants showed significantly more growth in their knowledge of academic vocabulary during the treatmentā€¦

  4. Assessing Factors Influencing Student Academic Success in Law School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Detwiler, Robert R.

    2011-01-01

    The literature on student academic success of law students is limited to mostly single institution studies, and as such, a nationwide, multi-institutional empirical study of the factors that predict student academic success is greatly needed by higher education scholars, law school admission officers, faculty, and administrators. This dissertationā€¦

  5. Gender Differences in Academic Motivation of Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cerezo Rusillo, Maria Teresa; Casanova Arias, Pedro Felix

    2004-01-01

    Introduction: The following study examines gender differences existing in various cognitive-motivational variables (causal attributions, academic goals, academic self-concept and use of significant learning strategies) and in performance attained in school subjects of Language Arts and Mathematics. Method: For this purpose, a sample of 521ā€¦

  6. Affective Benefits from Academic Competitions for Middle School Gifted Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozturk, Mehmet A.; Debelak, Charles

    2008-01-01

    Academic competitions have long been an aspect of programming for the gifted. These competitions can facilitate a learning environment that presents gifted students the academic challenge that often is difficult to create in a single classroom or school. They can offer the types of experiences that foster the development of productive attitudesā€¦

  7. Essays on Academic Achievement and Student Behavior in Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moussa, Wael Soheil

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation examines the student academic achievement through various mechanisms, put in place by the public school district, classroom student behavior, and negative external shocks to the students' living environment. I examine the impacts of various treatments on student short and long run academic outcomes such as math and Englishā€¦

  8. Integrating Academic and Vocational Education: A Model for Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penn, Alexandra; Williams, Dennis

    The two-track system that divides academic education from vocational education no longer supports students' interests. This book describes a practical approach to integrating academic and vocational education, focusing on achieving a seamlessly integrated curriculum. Chapter 1 describes the rationale of a high school program--the Cocoa Academy forā€¦

  9. Academic Freedom in the Public Schools. ERIC Digest No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Kay K.

    This synthesis of current attitudes on academic freedom as defined by lower court and Supreme Court cases describes the (1) framework in which academic freedom operates, (2) powers and limitations of state legislatures and school officials in defining the curriculum and setting policy, (3) rights and limitations of teachers in making curricularā€¦

  10. Sociodemographic Moderators of Middle School Transition Effects on Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akos, Patrick; Rose, Roderick A.; Orthner, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    The academic impact of the transition from elementary to middle school has significant consequences for many early adolescents. This study examines academic growth across the transition, as well as sociodemographic moderators. Rather than defining the transition effect as a decline in student achievement between fifth and sixth grade, these data…

  11. It Feels Good to Learn Where I Belong: School Belonging, Academic Emotions, and Academic Achievement in Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Un Fong; Chen, Wei-Wen; Zhang, Jingqi; Liang, Ting

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between school belonging, academic emotions, and academic achievement in Macau adolescents. A survey of 406 junior high school students in Macau was used to collect information on the extent to which these students felt accepted and respected in their schools (school belonging), the emotions they experienced…

  12. It Feels Good to Learn Where I Belong: School Belonging, Academic Emotions, and Academic Achievement in Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Un Fong; Chen, Wei-Wen; Zhang, Jingqi; Liang, Ting

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between school belonging, academic emotions, and academic achievement in Macau adolescents. A survey of 406 junior high school students in Macau was used to collect information on the extent to which these students felt accepted and respected in their schools (school belonging), the emotions they experiencedā€¦

  13. Ready or Not: Creating a High School Diploma that Counts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2004

    2004-01-01

    The High School diploma has lost its value because what it takes to earn one is disconnected from what it takes for graduates to compete successfully beyond high school--either in the classroom or in the workplace. Re-establishing the value of the diploma will require the creation of an inextricable link between high school exit expectations andā€¦

  14. When Is a School District Ready for Change? An Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Marilyn J.

    The beliefs and values of teachers and administrators in one school district regarding their desire and capacity to change and on helping school leaders plan the change process were evaluated, in light of the America 2000/Nebraska 2000 community school campaign. This report summarizes the evaluation focus, procedures for data collection andā€¦

  15. Background for Community-Level Work on School Readiness: A Review of Definitions, Assessments, and Investment Strategies. Final Report to the Knight Foundation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaslow, Martha; Calkins, Julia; Halle, Tamara; Zaff, Jonathan; Margie, Nancy Geyelin

    Noting that many communities in the United States have set the ambitious goal of enhancing school readiness, this report is intended to help communities invest wisely in school readiness initiatives. Part 1 of the report summarizes recommendations from the National Education Goals Panel (NEGP) for defining and assessing school readiness. The core…

  16. High School Career Academies: A 40-Year Proven Model for Improving College and Career Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brand, Betsy

    2009-01-01

    High school career academies are a time-tested model for improving academic outcomes and preparing students for both college and careers. Career academies (1) are smaller learning communities taught by a team of interdisciplinary teachers, (2) provide a rigorous academic curriculum based on a career theme that demonstrates how knowledge is usedā€¦

  17. Center-Based Preschool and School Readiness Skills of Children from Immigrant Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Collins, Melissa; Miller, Portia

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: Children from immigrant families are more likely than children of native parents to start school with fewer of the academic skills that are important for long-term success, although evidence on behavioral skills is mixed. Center-based early education and care (EEC) programs, which have been linked to improvements in academic…

  18. The Effect of Tennessee's Prekindergarten Programs on Young Children's School Readiness Skills: A Regression Discontinuity Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coburn, Jamie Lynn

    2009-01-01

    This study sought to explore the relationship between attendance in public prekindergarten programs and school readiness skills using regression discontinuity methodology. A sample of 179 students entering prekindergarten and 67 students entering kindergarten who had completed prekindergarten the previous year was collected with parental consentā€¦

  19. The Perceptions Head Start Teachers Have of Instructional Behaviors for School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Elinor N.

    2011-01-01

    The school readiness of Head Start students has become a major concern in the United States. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore Head Start teachers' lived experiences and perceptions of the instructional behaviors necessary for preparing students for kindergarten. The study sample consisted of a purposiveā€¦

  20. The Impact of Early Intervention on the School Readiness of Children Born to Teenage Mothers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Amber L.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the effect of participation in the Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters program on the school readiness of children born to teenage mothers versus children born to traditional-age mothers participating in the Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters program. A 45-item survey was collected from the…

  1. Construct Validity Evidence for Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition, Spanish Form Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz, Arlene; Clinton, Amanda; Schaefer, Barbara A.

    2015-01-01

    Convergent and discriminant validity evidence was examined for scores on the Spanish Record Form of the Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition (BSRA-3). Participants included a sample of 68 Hispanic, Spanish-speaking children ages 4 to 5 years enrolled in preschool programs in Puerto Rico. Scores obtained from the BSRA-3 Spanish Recordā€¦

  2. Child Care Subsidies and the School Readiness of Children of Immigrants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Anna D.; Han, Wen-Jui; Ruhm, Christopher J.; Waldfogel, Jane

    2014-01-01

    This study is the first to test whether receipt of a federal child care subsidy is associated with children of immigrants' school readiness skills. Using nationally representative data (nĀ ĖœĀ 2,900), this study estimates the associations between subsidy receipt at age 4 and kindergarten cognitive and social outcomes, for children of immigrantā€¦

  3. Obesity-Related Hormones in Low-Income Preschool-Age Children: Implications for School Readiness

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Alison L.; Lumeng, Carey N.; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C.

    2014-01-01

    Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotion regulation skills important for school readiness. We investigated obesity-related hormones, body mass index (BMI), and school readiness in a pilot study of low-income preschoolers attending Head Start (participating in a larger parent study). We found that the adipokine leptin was related to preschoolersā€™ BMI z-score, the appetite-regulating hormones ghrelin and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), and pro-inflammatory cytokines typically associated with early life stress; and that some of these obesity-related biomarkers were in turn related to emotion regulation. Future work should evaluate how obesity may affect multiple domains of development, and consider modeling common physiological pathways related to stress, health, and school readiness. PMID:25302075

  4. Do Children's Attention Processes Mediate the Link between Family Predictors and School Readiness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Developmental Psychology, 2003

    2003-01-01

    Assessed the role of attention processes as mediators between family environment and school readiness, analyzing data from 1,002 children and their families participating in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care. Found that sustained attention partially accounted for the link between family environment and achievement and language outcomes.ā€¦

  5. Associations among Family Environment, Sustained Attention, and School Readiness for Low-Income Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Razza, Rachel A.; Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

    2010-01-01

    In this study, we examined the developmental pathways from children's family environment to school readiness within a low-income sample (N = 1,046), with a specific focus on the role of sustained attention. Six distinct factors of the family environment representing maternal parenting behaviors, the physical home environment, and maternal mentalā€¦

  6. Does the EDI Equivalently Measure Facets of School Readiness for Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muhajarine, Nazeem; Puchala, Chassidy; Janus, Magdalena

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the current paper was to examine the equivalence of the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher rating measure of school readiness, for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. The current study used an approach, which analyzes the structure and properties of the EDI at the subdomain level. Similar subdomain score distributionsā€¦

  7. School Readiness: The Views of Pre-Service Preschool Teachers and Pre-Service Primary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin Sak, Ikbal Tuba

    2016-01-01

    This study compares the views of the concept of school readiness held by 50 pre-service preschool teachers and 50 pre-service primary teachers. Data were collected through a semi-structured interview protocol, and the word-list and key-words-in-context techniques were used for qualitative data analysis. Findings show that pre-service preschoolā€¦

  8. Contemplative Practices in Early Childhood: Implications for Self-Regulation Skills and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Elizabeth; Dinehart, Laura H.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the development of self-regulation skills in early childhood and the possibilities of children's contemplative practices as a viable tool to facilitate this development. Current research indicates that self-regulation skills in early childhood education make a significant contribution to school readiness, and long-term…

  9. Teachers' Readiness for Promoting Learner Autonomy: A Study of Japanese EFL High School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakata, Yoshiyuki

    2011-01-01

    The present study aims to investigate teachers' readiness for promoting learner autonomy. It attempts to do so by exploring the perceived importance of and the use of strategies for promoting learner autonomy among Japanese high school teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL). The paper reports on the research findings from two studies, oneā€¦

  10. Predicting School Readiness for Low-Income Children with Disability Risks Identified Early

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Carta, Judith J.; Luze, Gayle; Eshbaugh, Elaine M.; Swanson, Mark

    2011-01-01

    This study examined school readiness at kindergarten entry for low-income children whose disability indicators were identified before age 3. Data were collected as part of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Longitudinal Follow-Up study. Children who had suspected developmental delays and did not receive Part C services had lowerā€¦

  11. Parenting through Play for School Readiness: Interim Report of Year One. Research Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Jerome L.; Singer, Dorothy G.

    A 2-year project was undertaken to develop, test, and distribute a video-based program to train low-income parents in engaging their 3- to 5-year-old children in highly motivating play techniques in order to enhance children's cognitive, social and motor skills for school readiness. An evaluation was conducted of the Year One phase of the trainingā€¦

  12. College Readiness in California High Schools: Access, Opportunities, Guidance, and Barriers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smoot, Shanda L.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation explores California's current A-G requirements and investigates whether or not students are more college ready now than they were in previous years. This study also investigates whether or not students have adequate opportunities to access the rigorous coursework in an urban high school largely populated by minority students. Theā€¦

  13. High School Graduates' Perceptions of Senior Project and College and Work Readiness: A Mixed Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennacchia, Donna

    2010-01-01

    State testing or end-of-course exams are recommended to determine if high school graduates are ready to enter college or the workforce because these assessments are aligned to content area expectations and standards that are measurable within each state as well as from state to state (Achieve, 2006). However, such assessments do not measure allā€¦

  14. Reliability of Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition Scores with Young Children in Mumbai, India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Mira B.; Schaefer, Barbara A.; Clark, Teresa P.

    2013-01-01

    To effectively provide early interventions to children, identifying those who are in need of these interventions is essential. In India, several problems hinder the process of early identification, including a lack of standardized measures for assessment. This study investigates the utility of the Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Editionā€¦

  15. Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the authors used data from a large longitudinal birth cohort study of primarily low-income children in urban areas, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), to investigate the effects of Head Start participation on children's school readiness. The fact that their sample was mainly made up of disadvantaged familiesā€¦

  16. Preschool Center Quality and School Readiness: Quality Main Effects and Variation by Demographic and Child Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dang, Tran T.; Farkas, George; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Vandell, Deborah L.; Li, Weilin; Ruzek, Erik A.; Howes, Carollee

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to address two research questions related to the policy goal of having all children ready to learn at kindergarten entry. First, to what extent are children's cognitive and achievement skills higher when they experience higher quality preschools? Second, are the effects of preschool center quality on these school readinessā€¦

  17. A Delphi Study of Young Children's Readiness in Korea: Challenges and Implications for Early Childhood Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Juhu; Lee, Yeung-suk; Suen, Hoi; Lee, Gyeong Seon

    2003-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a Delphi study investigating young children's readiness in Korea. Twenty-two (22) Korean experts in early childhood education participated in a 4-stage Delphi consensus-seeking process. Results indicate that behaviors related to social adjustment to school were considered the most important components of schoolā€¦

  18. Family and Sociodemographic Predictors of School Readiness among African American Boys in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Claire E.; Cameron, Claire E.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Grissmer, David

    2012-01-01

    Research Findings: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, were used to examine the relation between parenting, sociodemographic characteristics, and school readiness among (N = 1,136) African American boys in kindergarten. Parenting was defined as parenting style (i.e., warmth and control), home learningā€¦

  19. Obesity-Related Hormones in Low-Income Preschool-Age Children: Implications for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Alison L.; Lumeng, Carey N.; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C.

    2013-01-01

    Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotion…

  20. College and Career Readiness for Gifted African American Girls: A Call to School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayes, Renae D.; Hines, Erik M.

    2014-01-01

    Current literature on college and career readiness highlights the role of educators in promoting the success of all students. However, few studies have focused on the specific needs of gifted African American girls. This article discusses the school experiences and career development of gifted African American girls and it provides a culturallyā€¦

  1. Associations among Maternal Behavior, Delay of Gratification, and School Readiness across the Early Childhood Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Razza, Rachel A.; Raymond, Kimberly

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the developmental pathways from maternal behavior to school readiness within a sample of 1007 children, with a specific focus on the mediating role of delay of gratification (DoG). Maternal behavior across the first 36 months of age was explored as a predictor of children's DoG at 54 months as well as their behavioral andā€¦

  2. Links between Preschoolers' Behavioral Regulation and School Readiness Skills: The Role of Child Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Son, Seung-Hee; Lee, Kangyi; Sung, Miyoung

    2013-01-01

    Research Findings: We examined relations among preschoolers' behavioral regulation, gender, and school readiness outcomes in preacademic and classroom skills using a sample of South Korean preschoolers aged 3-5 ("N"Ā =Ā 229). Behavioral regulation was assessed using a direct measure, the Head-Toes-Knees-Shoulders task, which requires children toā€¦

  3. Increasing Programme Effectiveness through Parent Empowerment: The Getting Ready for School Project in Tajikistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitsel, Christopher Michael; Lapham, Kate

    2014-01-01

    Within the development studies framework, empowerment involves increasing individual agency vis-Ć -vis the formal and informal opportunity structure. The Open Society Foundation's Early Childhood Programme developed the Getting Ready for School programme specifically for parents of preschool-age children to use at home in the year beforeā€¦

  4. Obesity-Related Hormones in Low-Income Preschool-Age Children: Implications for School Readiness.

    PubMed

    Miller, Alison L; Lumeng, Carey N; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C

    2013-12-01

    Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotion regulation skills important for school readiness. We investigated obesity-related hormones, body mass index (BMI), and school readiness in a pilot study of low-income preschoolers attending Head Start (participating in a larger parent study). We found that the adipokine leptin was related to preschoolers' BMI z-score, the appetite-regulating hormones ghrelin and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), and pro-inflammatory cytokines typically associated with early life stress; and that some of these obesity-related biomarkers were in turn related to emotion regulation. Future work should evaluate how obesity may affect multiple domains of development, and consider modeling common physiological pathways related to stress, health, and school readiness. PMID:25302075

  5. Early Child Language Mediates the Relation between Home Environment and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forget-Dubois, Nadine; Dionne, Ginette; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Perusse, Daniel; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel

    2009-01-01

    Home environment quality is a well-known predictor of school readiness (SR), although the underlying processes are little known. This study tested two hypotheses: (a) child language mediates the association between home characteristics (socioeconomic status and exposure to reading) and SR, and (b) genetic factors partly explain the associationā€¦

  6. Associations among Maternal Behavior, Delay of Gratification, and School Readiness across the Early Childhood Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Razza, Rachel A.; Raymond, Kimberly

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the developmental pathways from maternal behavior to school readiness within a sample of 1007 children, with a specific focus on the mediating role of delay of gratification (DoG). Maternal behavior across the first 36 months of age was explored as a predictor of children's DoG at 54 months as well as their behavioral and…

  7. Construct Validity Evidence for Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition, Spanish Form Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz, Arlene; Clinton, Amanda; Schaefer, Barbara A.

    2015-01-01

    Convergent and discriminant validity evidence was examined for scores on the Spanish Record Form of the Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition (BSRA-3). Participants included a sample of 68 Hispanic, Spanish-speaking children ages 4 to 5 years enrolled in preschool programs in Puerto Rico. Scores obtained from the BSRA-3 Spanish Record…

  8. Do Standard Measures of Preschool Quality Used in Statewide Policy Predict School Readiness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2014-01-01

    In the majority of states using Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) to improve children's school readiness, the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) is a core assessment of preschool program quality and is central to QRIS metrics and incentive structures. The present study utilizes nationally representativeā€¦

  9. Exploring the Dimensionality of a Brief School Readiness Screener for Use with Latino/a Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Matthew; Rebelez, Jennica; Furlong, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This study contributed to the school readiness literature by examining the factor structure and reliability of a revised version of the Kindergarten Student Entrance Profile (KSEP). Teachers rated 579 Latino/a children during the first month of kindergarten using the KSEP. Factor analysis procedures (exploratory factor analysis [EFA] andā€¦

  10. From Research to Practice: Strategies for Supporting School Readiness in Programs Serving Infants and Toddlers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Stefanie

    2012-01-01

    Fostering healthy social and emotional development provides the foundation for school readiness in programs serving infants, toddlers, and their families. In this article, the author explores four key concepts that make the link between social and emotional development and early learning: 1) Cognitive and social-emotional development are…

  11. School Readiness in Children Living in Non-Parental Care: Impacts of Head Start

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipscomb, Shannon T.; Pratt, Megan E.; Schmitt, Sara A.; Pears, Katherine C.; Kim, Hyoun K.

    2013-01-01

    The current study examines the effects of Head Start on the development of school readiness outcomes for children living in non-parental care. Data were obtained from the Head Start Impact Study, a randomized controlled trial of Head Start conducted with a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs and families. The sample includedā€¦

  12. Profiles of School Readiness among Four-Year-Old Head Start Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halle, Tamara G.; Hair, Elizabeth C.; Wandner, Laura D.; Chien, Nina C.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses the Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) data from 1997 to investigate the degree to which child, family, classroom, teacher, and Head Start program characteristics are related to children's school readiness and continued development over the four-year-old Head Start year. Latent class analyses were used to examine theā€¦

  13. Mapping Fiscal Resources in South Hampton Roads Virginia to Support School Readiness. Regional Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finance Project, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In 2007, committees of key stakeholders in the five cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, Suffolk, Portsmouth, and Virginia Beach developed Collaborative Action Plans focused on key strategies to ensure that children in each city "arrive at kindergarten healthy and ready to succeed in school, and in life." With leadership from Smart Beginnings Southā€¦

  14. School Readiness Is about More than Knowing the ABC's and 123's

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Terrie

    2012-01-01

    Gaping disparities in educational achievement exist at kindergarten entry. Research indicates that school readiness requires a holistic approach directed by the pivotal question: What will allow babies to become successful learners? By understanding the real-life situations of babies and their families in the context of their communities andā€¦

  15. Improving School Readiness: A Brief Report from the Palm Beach County Family Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spielberger, Julie; Gouvea, Marcia; Rich, Lauren

    2012-01-01

    For more than a decade, Florida's Palm Beach County has been building a system of prevention and early intervention services to promote and support the healthy development and school readiness of children from birth to age 8. The county began this effort with a set of programs focused on serving families in four targeted geographic areas that haveā€¦

  16. The Impact of Early Intervention on the School Readiness of Children Born to Teenage Mothers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Amber L.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the effect of participation in the Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters program on the school readiness of children born to teenage mothers versus children born to traditional-age mothers participating in the Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters program. A 45-item survey was collected from theā€¦

  17. Increasing Programme Effectiveness through Parent Empowerment: The Getting Ready for School Project in Tajikistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitsel, Christopher Michael; Lapham, Kate

    2014-01-01

    Within the development studies framework, empowerment involves increasing individual agency vis-ą-vis the formal and informal opportunity structure. The Open Society Foundation's Early Childhood Programme developed the Getting Ready for School programme specifically for parents of preschool-age children to use at home in the year before…

  18. Relationships between Early Child Factors and School Readiness Skills in Young Children with Hearing Loss

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Marjorie; DesJardin, Jean L.; Shea, Lynn C.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this longitudinal study is to examine the relationships between early child factors (i.e., age at identification, enrollment in early intervention, oral language skills) and school readiness skills (i.e., conceptual knowledge) in a group of young children with hearing loss (HL). Standardized language, cognition, and conceptualā€¦

  19. Contemplative Practices in Early Childhood: Implications for Self-Regulation Skills and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Elizabeth; Dinehart, Laura H.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the development of self-regulation skills in early childhood and the possibilities of children's contemplative practices as a viable tool to facilitate this development. Current research indicates that self-regulation skills in early childhood education make a significant contribution to school readiness, and long-termā€¦

  20. Obesity-Related Hormones in Low-Income Preschool-Age Children: Implications for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Alison L.; Lumeng, Carey N.; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C.

    2013-01-01

    Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotionā€¦

  1. Helping Your Child Get Ready for School, with Activities for Children from Birth through Age 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulu, Nancy; Greene, Wilma P., Ed.

    This booklet suggests ways for parents to help their preschool children grow, develop, and have fun learning. A brief opening section called "Learning Begins Early" provides a general context for the book. The second section, on what it means to be ready for school, describes the qualities and skills that youngsters need to get a good start inā€¦

  2. School Readiness and Later Achievement: A French Canadian Replication and Extension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagani, Linda S.; Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Archambault, Isabelle; Janosz, Michel

    2010-01-01

    We first replicated the data analytic strategy used in Duncan et al. (2007) with a population-based data set of French-speaking children from Quebec (Canada). Prospective associations were examined between cognitive, attention, and socioemotional characteristics underlying kindergarten school readiness and second grade math, reading, and generalā€¦

  3. Promising Findings on Preschoolers' Emergent Literacy and School Readiness in Arts-Integrated Early Childhood Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Roger D.; Gorton, Rebecca L.; Pinciotti, Patricia; Sachdev, Anuradha

    2010-01-01

    An approach to early childhood education that integrates visual and performing arts throughout the preschool curriculum--"Art as a Way of Learning"--was implemented in a program (Promoting and Supporting Early Literacy through the Arts) designed to improve the emergent literacy and school readiness of at-risk young children in community-based…

  4. State College-and Career-Ready High School Graduation Requirements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    Achieve's research suggests that for high school graduates to be prepared for success in postsecondary settings, they need to take four years of challenging mathematics--including content at least through Algebra II or its equivalent--and four years of rigorous English aligned with college- and career-ready standards. This paper offers aā€¦

  5. The Effect of Home Visiting and Home Safety on Children's School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schull, Christine Pegorraro; Anderson, Elaine A.

    2008-01-01

    One hundred and sixty-four children from a rural county in the state of Maryland, USA, were followed longitudinally from birth until kindergarten entry, tracking their participation in a home visiting program designed to enhance parent child interaction and school readiness. Results suggest that duration of home visiting had a positive, directā€¦

  6. Get College- and Career-Ready at a Vo-Tech High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demarest, Kathy K.; Gehrt, Victoria C.

    2015-01-01

    While talk abounds in the buzzword-happy education arena of what it means to develop students who are college and career ready, the author paints a portrait of a vocational-technical school district in northern Delaware that is actually doing both with its students, and has been for some 40 years. The vo-tech experience is not for students who…

  7. Improving School Readiness: A Brief Report from the Palm Beach County Family Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spielberger, Julie; Gouvea, Marcia; Rich, Lauren

    2012-01-01

    For more than a decade, Florida's Palm Beach County has been building a system of prevention and early intervention services to promote and support the healthy development and school readiness of children from birth to age 8. The county began this effort with a set of programs focused on serving families in four targeted geographic areas that have…

  8. Get College- and Career-Ready at a Vo-Tech High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demarest, Kathy K.; Gehrt, Victoria C.

    2015-01-01

    While talk abounds in the buzzword-happy education arena of what it means to develop students who are college and career ready, the author paints a portrait of a vocational-technical school district in northern Delaware that is actually doing both with its students, and has been for some 40 years. The vo-tech experience is not for students whoā€¦

  9. Teachers' Readiness for Promoting Learner Autonomy: A Study of Japanese EFL High School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakata, Yoshiyuki

    2011-01-01

    The present study aims to investigate teachers' readiness for promoting learner autonomy. It attempts to do so by exploring the perceived importance of and the use of strategies for promoting learner autonomy among Japanese high school teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL). The paper reports on the research findings from two studies, one…

  10. From Research to Practice: Strategies for Supporting School Readiness in Programs Serving Infants and Toddlers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Stefanie

    2012-01-01

    Fostering healthy social and emotional development provides the foundation for school readiness in programs serving infants, toddlers, and their families. In this article, the author explores four key concepts that make the link between social and emotional development and early learning: 1) Cognitive and social-emotional development areā€¦

  11. Classroom context, school engagement, and academic achievement in early adolescence.

    PubMed

    Dotterer, Aryn M; Lowe, Katie

    2011-12-01

    Classroom context and school engagement are significant predictors of academic achievement. These factors are especially important for academically at-risk students. Grounded in an ecological systems perspective, this study examined links between classroom context, school engagement, and academic achievement among early adolescents. We took a multidimensional approach to the measurement of classroom context and school engagement, incorporating both observational and self-reported assessments of various dimensions of classroom context (instruction quality, social/emotional climate, and student-teacher relationship) and school engagement (psychological and behavioral engagement). Using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we tested whether school engagement mediated the link between classroom context and academic achievement among 5th grade students, and whether these pathways were the same for students with previous achievement difficulties identified in 3rd grade. Participants included 1,014 children (50% female) in 5th grade (mean ageĀ =Ā 11). The majority of the participants were white (77%) and 23% were children of color. Results indicated that psychological and behavioral engagement mediated the link between classroom context and academic achievement for students without previous achievement difficulties. However, for students with previous achievement difficulties psychological and behavioral engagement did not mediate the link between classroom context and academic achievement. These results suggest that improving classroom quality may not be sufficient to improve student engagement and achievement for students with previous achievement difficulties. Additional strategies may be needed for these students. PMID:21400208

  12. The Effects of Turkish Parents' Child Rearing Behavior on School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polat, Ozgul

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of parents' child rearing behavior on school readiness of 5-6 year-old children in terms of socio-emotional development. The study sample consisted of 300 pre-school children at 5, 5.5, and 6 years of age. The results revealed that parents' behaviour with regard to the following activities all haveā€¦

  13. The Effects of Turkish Parents' Child Rearing Behavior on School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polat, Ozgul

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of parents' child rearing behavior on school readiness of 5-6 year-old children in terms of socio-emotional development. The study sample consisted of 300 pre-school children at 5, 5.5, and 6 years of age. The results revealed that parents' behaviour with regard to the following activities all have…

  14. Academic dishonesty among high school students.

    PubMed

    McCabe, D L

    1999-01-01

    Research on academic dishonesty has generally relied on survey techniques, which may fail to capture students' true feelings about cheating. The present investigation used focus group discussions to gain a fuller understanding of students' beliefs about academic dishonesty. The results suggest that, in regard to their cheating, students generally place the blame on others. PMID:10730693

  15. Academic Leadership in America's Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ervay, Stu

    2006-01-01

    Academic leadership directly helps faculty members, administrative leaders, and professional support persons improve the quantity and quality of student learning. Those who regularly lead decision-making and action-taking processes in curriculum, instruction, and assessment of student learning can be called academic leaders. This article focusesā€¦

  16. Conceptualizing Academic Norms in Middle School: A Social Network Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Meghan P.; Cappella, Elise

    2015-01-01

    A wide body of research has documented the relationship between social norms and individual behaviors. There is growing evidence that academic behaviors in early adolescence--when most children begin middle school--may be subject to normative influence as well. However, the structure and composition of peer relationships within middle schools haveā€¦

  17. Academic Optimism and Community Engagement in Urban Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirby, Misty M.; DiPaola, Michael F.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships among academic optimism, community engagement, and student achievement in urban elementary schools across one district. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from all 35 urban elementary schools across one district in Virginia, USA. Correlation, multiple regression, andā€¦

  18. Helping Students Improve Academic Achievement and School Success Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brigman, Greg; Campbell, Chari

    2003-01-01

    This article describes a study evaluating the impact of school-counselor-led interventions on student academic achievement and school success behavior. A group counseling and classroom guidance model called student success skills (SSS) was the primary intervention. The focus of the SSS model was on three sets of skills identified in several…

  19. Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

    2012-01-01

    There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compareā€¦

  20. School-Year Employment and Academic Performance of Young Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabia, Joseph J.

    2009-01-01

    Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examines the relationship between school-year employment and academic performance of young adolescents under age 16. Ordinary least squares estimates show a significant positive relationship between modest hours of school-year employment and grade point average.ā€¦

  1. Conceptualizing Academic Norms in Middle School: A Social Network Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Meghan P.; Cappella, Elise

    2015-01-01

    A wide body of research has documented the relationship between social norms and individual behaviors. There is growing evidence that academic behaviors in early adolescence--when most children begin middle school--may be subject to normative influence as well. However, the structure and composition of peer relationships within middle schools have…

  2. Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

    2012-01-01

    There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compare…

  3. Reward Allocation and Academic versus Social Orientation toward School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Candida C.; Peterson, James L.

    1978-01-01

    Correlates 138 elementary school children's views about the purposes of school to their styles of reward allocation: academically motivated students allocated rewards equally to two hypothetical performers who had unequally helped a teacher perform a manual chore, while socially motivated children allocated rewards in an equity (performance-based)ā€¦

  4. The Relationship between School Absence, Academic Performance, and Asthma Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moonie, Sheniz; Sterling, David A.; Figgs, Larry W.; Castro, Mario

    2008-01-01

    Background: Children with asthma experience more absenteeism from school compared with their nonasthma peers. Excessive absenteeism is related to lower student grades, psychological, social, and educational adjustment. Less is known about the relationship between the presence of asthma and the academic achievement in school-aged children. Since…

  5. The Relationship between School Absence, Academic Performance, and Asthma Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moonie, Sheniz; Sterling, David A.; Figgs, Larry W.; Castro, Mario

    2008-01-01

    Background: Children with asthma experience more absenteeism from school compared with their nonasthma peers. Excessive absenteeism is related to lower student grades, psychological, social, and educational adjustment. Less is known about the relationship between the presence of asthma and the academic achievement in school-aged children. Sinceā€¦

  6. Helping Students Improve Academic Achievement and School Success Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brigman, Greg; Campbell, Chari

    2003-01-01

    This article describes a study evaluating the impact of school-counselor-led interventions on student academic achievement and school success behavior. A group counseling and classroom guidance model called student success skills (SSS) was the primary intervention. The focus of the SSS model was on three sets of skills identified in severalā€¦

  7. Integrating Academic Interventions into Small Group Counseling in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steen, Sam; Kaffenberger, Carol J.

    2007-01-01

    Professional school counselors face the challenge of delivering guidance and counseling services to students while connecting to the educational mission of schools. This article is a summary and evaluation of a small group counseling program that targets academic issues while addressing personal/social issues with elementary-aged children. Resultsā€¦

  8. Bullying Experiences and Compromised Academic Performance across Middle School Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juvonen, Jaana; Wang, Yueyan; Espinoza, Guadalupe

    2011-01-01

    The goal of the study was to examine whether bullying experiences are associated with lower academic performance across middle school among urban students.The ethnically diverse sample was drawn from a longitudinal study of 2,300 sixth graders (44% Latino, 26% African American, 10% Asian, 10% White, and 10% mixed) from 11 public middle schools.ā€¦

  9. The Role of Academic Achievement Growth in School Track Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caro, Daniel H.; Lenkeit, Jenny; Lehmann, Rainer; Schwippert, Knut

    2009-01-01

    Students in Germany are tracked into different forms of secondary schooling based on teachers' recommendations. The literature shows that school tracking is largely affected by academic achievement levels, but neglects the influence of individual achievement growth. The authors used data from the Berlin study ELEMENT (N = 2242) to characterize…

  10. Attitudes about School of Academically Talented Seventh Graders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stocking, Vicki B.; And Others

    This document discusses an investigation describing attitudes about school for a national sample of academically talented seventh graders. In particular, it considered how much students liked selected school subjects and how much they thought they would like particular college majors. The purpose of the study was to compare the attitudes of malesā€¦

  11. Academic Deans' Views on Curriculum Content in Medical Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graber, David R.; Bellack, Janis P.; Musham, Catherine; O'Neil, Edward H.

    1997-01-01

    A survey of academic deans (n=100) in universities associated with medical and osteopathy schools found that administrators' attitudes about curriculum content are being influenced by changes in health care delivery and an increasingly generalist orientation. There appears to be support for medical school curricula fostering a broader, moreā€¦

  12. Community and Institutional Correlates of Academic Achievement in Georgia Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boggs, Olivia M.

    This study sought to determine the degree to which school and community factors influence mathematics and science achievement of public school students in Georgia. Of particular concern was identifying variables to assist educators, parents, and other child advocates in providing academic programs that are responsive to the needs of learners. Dataā€¦

  13. Self-Concept and Academic Achievement: Investigating Their Importance as Discriminators of Academic Track Membership in High School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrne, Barbara M.

    1990-01-01

    Using linear discriminant analysis, two samples of Canadian high school students (n=929 and n=968) were tested using measures of self-concept, academic self-concept, and academic achievement. Academic self-concept was more effective than was academic achievement in differentiating between low-track and high-track students. (SLD)

  14. Parental Involvement and Children's Readiness for School in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Eva Y. H.; Li, Hui; Rao, Nirmala

    2011-01-01

    Background: The remarkable academic advancement of Asian students in cross-national studies has been attributed to numerous factors, including the value placed on education by Chinese parents. However, there is a dearth of research on how exactly Chinese parents are involved in children's early learning. Purpose: This study has two major research…

  15. Parental Involvement and Children's Readiness for School in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Eva Y. H.; Li, Hui; Rao, Nirmala

    2011-01-01

    Background: The remarkable academic advancement of Asian students in cross-national studies has been attributed to numerous factors, including the value placed on education by Chinese parents. However, there is a dearth of research on how exactly Chinese parents are involved in children's early learning. Purpose: This study has two major researchā€¦

  16. What Is "Career Ready"?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association for Career and Technical Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    All too often, the terms "career ready" and "college ready" are used interchangeably, and discussions around career readiness are limited to traditional academic skills that allow students to successfully enroll in postsecondary education. While there is no debate that a rigorous level of academic proficiency, especially in math and literacy, isā€¦

  17. Can improving working memory prevent academic difficulties? a school based randomised controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Low academic achievement is common and is associated with adverse outcomes such as grade repetition, behavioural disorders and unemployment. The ability to accurately identify these children and intervene before they experience academic failure would be a major advance over the current 'wait to fail' model. Recent research suggests that a possible modifiable factor for low academic achievement is working memory, the ability to temporarily store and manipulate information in a 'mental workspace'. Children with working memory difficulties are at high risk of academic failure. It has recently been demonstrated that working memory can be improved with adaptive training tasks that encourage improvements in working memory capacity. Our trial will determine whether the intervention is efficacious as a selective prevention strategy for young children at risk of academic difficulties and is cost-effective. Methods/Design This randomised controlled trial aims to recruit 440 children with low working memory after a school-based screening of 2880 children in Grade one. We will approach caregivers of all children from 48 participating primary schools in metropolitan Melbourne for consent. Children with low working memory will be randomised to usual care or the intervention. The intervention will consist of 25 computerised working memory training sessions, which take approximately 35 minutes each to complete. Follow-up of children will be conducted at 6, 12 and 24 months post-randomisation through child face-to-face assessment, parent and teacher surveys and data from government authorities. The primary outcome is academic achievement at 12 and 24 months, and other outcomes include child behaviour, attention, health-related quality of life, working memory, and health and educational service utilisation. Discussion A successful start to formal learning in school sets the stage for future academic, psychological and economic well-being. If this preventive intervention can be shown to be efficacious, then we will have the potential to prevent academic underachievement in large numbers of at-risk children, to offer a ready-to-use intervention to the Australian school system and to build international research partnerships along the health-education interface, in order to carry our further studies of effectiveness and generalisability. PMID:21682929

  18. School Readiness Gains Made by Ethnically Diverse Children in Poverty Attending Center-Based Childcare and Public School Pre-Kindergarten Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winsler, Adam; Tran, Henry; Hartman, Suzanne C.; Madigan, Amy L.; Manfra, Louis; Bleiker, Charles

    2008-01-01

    Although intensive early childhood interventions and high quality preschool programs have been shown to foster children's school readiness, little is known about the school readiness gains made by ethnically and linguistically diverse children in poverty receiving subsidies to attend center-based childcare or those in public schoolā€¦

  19. Longitudinal Analysis of Chinese High School Student's Stress in School and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

    2011-01-01

    In previous research, few studies have examined the effects of adolescents' stress in school on the change rates of their academic achievement. In the present study, we seek to examine the longitudinal relationships between adolescents' stress in school and the change rates of their academic achievement. The results indicated that for those whoseā€¦

  20. School Types, Facilities and Academic Performance of Students in Senior Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alimi, Olatunji Sabitu; Ehinola, Gabriel Babatunde; Alabi, Festus Oluwole

    2012-01-01

    The study investigated the influence of school types and facilities on students' academic performance in Ondo State. It was designed to find out whether facilities and students' academic performance are related in private and public secondary schools respectively. Descriptive survey design was used. Proportionate random sampling technique was usedā€¦

  1. Keeping Academically Marginal Youth in School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alpert, Geoffrey; Dunham, Roger

    1986-01-01

    From among factors theoretically considered relevant to preventing school dropouts, empirical procedures identified five variables that predicted most of the variance among marginal youth: (1) extent of misbehavior in school; (2) belief in school's relevance to employment; (3) feelings of success in school; (4) parental monitoring of behavior; (5)ā€¦

  2. Readiness: School, Family, & Community Connections. Annual Synthesis, 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boethel, Martha

    2004-01-01

    This is one the fourth in a series of reports that examine key issues related to family and community connections with schools. These research syntheses are intended to help local school, community, and family leaders obtain useful information derived from rigorous research. In addition to presenting findings from recent research, the synthesisā€¦

  3. Solomon Islands School Leaders Readiness for Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porakari, James; Sevala, Brenda; Miniti, Patrick; Saemane, George; Sharma, Umesh; Forlin, Chris

    2015-01-01

    The inclusion of students with disabilities was initiated by the Ministry of Education and Human Resource Development in the Solomon Islands in 2013. This paper investigates the knowledge, skills, and values of school leaders in public and private schools in Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands, in regard to providing support for inclusive…

  4. Solomon Islands School Leaders Readiness for Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porakari, James; Sevala, Brenda; Miniti, Patrick; Saemane, George; Sharma, Umesh; Forlin, Chris

    2015-01-01

    The inclusion of students with disabilities was initiated by the Ministry of Education and Human Resource Development in the Solomon Islands in 2013. This paper investigates the knowledge, skills, and values of school leaders in public and private schools in Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands, in regard to providing support for inclusiveā€¦

  5. District Readiness to Support School Turnaround: A Users' Guide to Inform the Work of State Education Agencies and Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Player, Daniel; Hambrick Hitt, Dallas; Robinson, William

    2014-01-01

    This guide provides state education agencies (SEAs) and districts (LEAs) with guidance about how to assess the district's readiness to support school turnaround initiatives. Often, school turnaround efforts focus only on the school's structure and leadership. Rarely do policymakers or practitioners think about school turnaround as a system-levelā€¦

  6. Creating District Readiness for Implementing Evidence-Based School-Centered Asthma Programs: Denver Public Schools as a Case Study.

    PubMed

    Cicutto, Lisa; Shocks, Donna; Gleason, Melanie; Haas-Howard, Christy; White, Marty; Szefler, Stanley J

    2016-03-01

    Asthma is a common chronic childhood disease that is associated with high rates of school absenteeism and educational disparities. Effective school-based programs exist that are able to reduce school absenteeism and the burden that asthma exacts on students. However, despite the availability of effective school-centered asthma programs conducted as research projects, many schools have struggled to implement the programs and experience their benefits. As the literature from the implementation sciences highlights, readiness of the school environment is crucial and central to success. This is an often overlooked and underacknowledged aspect to successful implementation. This article provides a case study of a large school district, highlighting its experience in preparing the district for broad-scale implementation of a school-centered asthma program. PMID:26822131

  7. Fostering School Connectedness: Improving Student Health and Academic Achievement. Information for Teachers and Other School Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Students feel more connected to their school when they believe that the adults and other students at school not only care about how well they are learning, but also care about them as individuals. Young people who feel connected to school are more likely to succeed academically and make healthy choices. All school staff, including teachers,ā€¦

  8. The Academic Experience of Male High School Students with ADHD

    PubMed Central

    Kent, Kristine M.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Yu, Jihnhee; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Biswas, Aparajita; Babinski, Dara E.; Karch, Kathryn M.

    2010-01-01

    This study compared the high school academic experience of adolescents with and without childhood ADHD using data from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS). Participants were 326 males with childhood ADHD and 213 demographically similar males without ADHD who were recruited at the start of the follow-up study. Data were collected yearly from parents, teachers and schools. The current study used assessment points at which the participants were currently in or had recently completed grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. Results indicated that adolescents with ADHD experienced significant academic impairment in high school relative to comparison adolescents, including lower overall and main academic subject grade point averages (GPA), lower levels of class placement (e.g. remedial vs. honors), and higher rates of course failure. In addition, teacher reports indicated that adolescents with ADHD completed and turned in a significantly lower percentage of assignments and were significantly less likely to be working up to their potential. Adolescents with ADHD were also significantly more likely to be absent or tardy during the academic year, and they were over eight times more likely than adolescents without ADHD to drop out of high school. These findings demonstrate that children with ADHD continue to experience severe academic impairment into high school. PMID:21103923

  9. Recovery High Schools: Students and Responsive Academic and Therapeutic Services

    PubMed Central

    Moberg, D. Paul; Finch, Andrew J.; Lindsley, Stephanie M.

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews findings from the authorsā€™ studies of recovery high schools (RHS), including a 1995 program evaluation of a school in New Mexico (Moberg and Thaler, 1995), a 2006-09 descriptive study of 17 recovery high schools (Moberg and Finch, 2008), and presents early findings from a current study of the effectiveness of recovery high schools. Descriptive and qualitative findings are presented. The focus is on characteristics of RHS students and, in light of those student characteristics, findings regarding academic and recovery support programming in recovery high schools. PMID:24976659

  10. Ready or Not, Here They Come: Recommendations for Supporting Elementary School English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petr, Karen L.

    2012-01-01

    America's public schools are required to provide equal access to an education for all students. This study, in the form of an executive position paper, focused on how a large suburban school district having a small but diverse English language population should provide that equal access in order to address the academic needs of its currentā€¦

  11. Investing in Collaboration: Preservice Special Educators and Their Readiness for Home School Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latunde, Yvette; Louque, Angela

    2012-01-01

    Home-school collaborations offer the promise of increased social and academic outcomes for students with disabilities. This qualitative study examines the practices of 25 preservice special education teachers and their implementation of state standards to collaborate with families of children with disabilities in schools during student teaching.ā€¦

  12. Are We Ready for Another Change? Digital Signatures Can Change How We Handle the Academic Record

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Thomas C.; Mohr, John

    2004-01-01

    In this electronic age, where information is digital and service is virtual, the registrar profession is changing rapidly to keep up with increasing standards and expectations. EDI and now XML standards enable system-to-system exchanges of academic records information. While many of the registrar's profession display student academic records underā€¦

  13. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year One Evaluation Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloney, Catherine; Caranikas-Walker, Fanny; Sheehan, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities andā€¦

  14. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Four Evaluation Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Center for Educational Research, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunitiesā€¦

  15. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Two Evaluation Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloney, Catherine; Sheehan, Daniel; Rainey, Katie; Whipple, Allyson

    2008-01-01

    The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunitiesā€¦

  16. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Three Evaluation Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Center for Educational Research, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This executive summary presents findings from the Year 3 evaluation of Texas' state-level Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, grant. GEAR UP grant requirements include an evaluation component designed to assess program effectiveness and to measure progress toward project goals. To this end, the evaluationā€¦

  17. Implementation of a Relationship-Based School Readiness Intervention: A Multidimensional Approach to Fidelity Measurement for Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoche, Lisa L.; Sheridan, Susan M.; Edwards, Carolyn P.; Osborn, Allison Q.

    2010-01-01

    The implementation efforts of 65 early childhood professionals involved in the Getting Ready project, an integrated, multi-systemic intervention that promotes school readiness through parent engagement for children from birth to age five, were investigated. Digital videotaped records of professionals engaged in home visits with families acrossā€¦

  18. Implementation of a Relationship-Based School Readiness Intervention: A Multidimensional Approach to Fidelity Measurement for Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoche, Lisa L.; Sheridan, Susan M.; Edwards, Carolyn P.; Osborn, Allison Q.

    2010-01-01

    The implementation efforts of 65 early childhood professionals involved in the Getting Ready project, an integrated, multi-systemic intervention that promotes school readiness through parent engagement for children from birth to age five, were investigated. Digital videotaped records of professionals engaged in home visits with families across…

  19. Academic Challenges: University and High School Partnerships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Univ., Long Beach. Office of the Chancellor.

    Five partnership programs between California State University (CSU) campuses and high schools are described. The programs seek to improve high school students' preparation for college, with emphasis on articulation between the content of high school courses and the level of student performance expected in introductory university courses in theā€¦

  20. Student Mobility, Academic Performance, and School Accountability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mao, Michael X.; Whitsett, Maria D.; Mellor, Lynn T.

    1998-01-01

    Examines relationships between student mobility and student and school performance, based on data for 6,000 Texas schools. One out of six students changed schools at least once during 1994-95. Over a four-year period, two-thirds of first-graders moved at least once. Mobility rates are higher for poorer, at-risk, and minority students. Mobileā€¦

  1. School Engagement, Risky Peers, and Student-Teacher Relationships as Mediators of School Violence in Taiwanese Vocational versus Academically Oriented High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Ji-Kang; Astor, Ron Avi

    2011-01-01

    Educational tracking based on academic ability accounts for different school dynamics between vocational versus academically-oriented high schools in Taiwan. Many educational practitioners predict that the settings of vocational schools and academic schools mediate school violence in different ways. Alternatively, some researchers argue the actualā€¦

  2. Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children.

    PubMed

    Aj, Milam; Cdm, Furr-Holden; Pj, Leaf

    2010-12-01

    Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population of 3(rd)-5(th) grade students in an urban public school system. Community and school safety were assessed using the School Climate Survey, an annual city-wide assessment of student's perception of school and community safety. Community violence was measured using the Neighborhood Inventory for Environmental Typology, an objective observational assessment of neighborhood characteristics. Academic achievement was measured using the Maryland State Assessment (MSA), a standardized exam given to all Maryland 3(rd)-8(th) graders. School Climate Data and MSA data were aggregated by school and grade. Objective assessments of neighborhood environment and students' self-reported school and neighborhood safety were both strongly associated with academic performance. Increasing neighborhood violence was associated with statistically significant decreases from 4.2%-8.7% in math and reading achievement; increasing perceived safety was associated with significant increases in achievement from 16%-22%. These preliminary findings highlight the adverse impact of perceived safety and community violence exposure on primary school children's academic performance. PMID:21197388

  3. Are Your Schools Ready for the 21st Century?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasilakis, John N.

    1990-01-01

    Although changes in instructional technology and population growth are the usual reasons school districts approach master planning as a tool for identifying and managing these changes, environmental concerns (like asbestos abatement and radon identification) play a role. A dozen tips for developing a master plan are provided. (MLH)

  4. Cost Savings Analysis of School Readiness in Michigan. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, Richard; Anton, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Beginning in the 1980s, Michigan began making investments in fully preparing young children for school--cognitively, physically, socially and emotionally. Currently Michigan's Great Start system encompasses both early childhood services and a strategic plan for the state's early childhood system of programs, services, and supports for childrenā€¦

  5. Are California's Schools Ready for Online Testing and Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gao, Niu

    2015-01-01

    In addition to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), California is implementing a new, online assessment system: the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP). Field tests were conducted last spring and the system is being rolled out this year, amid concerns about whether schools are technologically prepared. Using…

  6. Professional Learning Communities: Developing a School-Level Readiness Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Ray; Brien, Ken; Sprague, Crista; Sullivan, Gerald

    2008-01-01

    Professional learning communities have become a focus of educational reform in New Brunswick. The implementation and sustainability of this reform is dependent on shifting many of the organizational and operational characteristics of the traditional bureaucratic model into those that support a learning community approach in schools. The studyā€¦

  7. Are California's Schools Ready for Online Testing and Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gao, Niu

    2015-01-01

    In addition to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), California is implementing a new, online assessment system: the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP). Field tests were conducted last spring and the system is being rolled out this year, amid concerns about whether schools are technologically prepared. Usingā€¦

  8. Defining the Intensity of High School Mathematics: Distinguishing the Difference between College-Ready and College-Eligible Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zelkowski, Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted to discover and examine school-level characteristics that can affect change in high school graduates from being college-eligible to college-ready. Using the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS:88), the article describes and interprets the results. Findings indicate school personnel (principals, teachers,ā€¦

  9. The Interrelationship of School District Expenditures and Student Academic Achievement in Oklahoma Public Elementary School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Glenn M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose and Method of Study. The primary purpose of this quantitative study was to analyze the relationship between school district expenditures and student academic achievement in 102 public elementary school districts in the state of Oklahoma. The secondary purpose was to investigate the relationship between school district expenditures andā€¦

  10. The Impact of an After-School Intervention Program on Academic Achievement among Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sebastian, JoAnn

    2013-01-01

    The United States Department of Education (2005) cited that during 2005-2006 academic school year an estimated 2 million students across the nation were eligible to receive after-school services. The after-school tutoring program is one of the most effective instructional strategies to assist low-performing students to meet criteria mandated byā€¦

  11. A Longitudinal Study of School Belonging and Academic Motivation across High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillen-O'Neel, Cari; Fuligni, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined how school belonging changes over the years of high school, and how it is associated with academic achievement and motivation. Students from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds participated ("N"Ā =Ā 572; age spanĀ =Ā 13.94-19.15Ā years). In ninth grade, girls' school belonging was higher than boys'. Over theā€¦

  12. Parent-School Relationships and Children's Academic and Social Outcomes in Public School Pre-Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Douglas R.; Son, Seung-Hee; File, Nancy; San Juan, Robert R.

    2010-01-01

    Two dimensions of parent-school relationships, parental school involvement and parents' perceptions of teacher responsiveness to child/parent, were examined in state-funded pre-kindergarten classrooms in a large urban school district. Children's social and academic outcomes were individually assessed in the fall and spring. Hierarchical Linearā€¦

  13. A Longitudinal Study of School Belonging and Academic Motivation across High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillen-O'Neel, Cari; Fuligni, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined how school belonging changes over the years of high school, and how it is associated with academic achievement and motivation. Students from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds participated ("N" = 572; age span = 13.94-19.15 years). In ninth grade, girls' school belonging was higher than boys'. Over the…

  14. An Examination of the 2003-2004 Montgomery County Public Schools High School Academic Attainment Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connolly, Faith; Schatz, Carol; Powell, Marilyn

    2005-01-01

    The Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) introduced the High School Academic Attainment (HSAA) model in 2001 to augment the existing state accountability system. The Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) accountability system was implemented in the 1990s and focused primarily on elementary and middle schools. The HSAA model was designedā€¦

  15. The Impact of School Management Strategies on Academic Achievement in Texas Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogundokun, Olubunmi K.

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzes the relationship between school management strategies and student's academic achievement, while controlling for factors such as the school principals' age, gender, experience, as well as school size and location, Student's Social Economics Status (SES), English as a Second Language learner's populationā€¦

  16. The School Success Program: Improving Maltreated Children's Academic and School-Related Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallett, Christopher A.

    2012-01-01

    Many victims of childhood maltreatment experience difficulties in school and with academic performance. This article reviews the evidence on the connection between childhood maltreatment and school performance and presents an evaluation of a unique program established by Children's Services in Lorain County, Ohio. Since 2001, the School Successā€¦

  17. Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement of High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moradi Sheykhjan, Tohid; Jabari, Kamran; Rajeswari, K.

    2014-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of self-esteem on academic achievement among high school students in Miandoab City of Iran. The methodology of the research is descriptive and correlation that descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Statistical Society includes male and female highā€¦

  18. Relational Aggression and Academic Performance in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Risser, Scott D.

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the relationship between relational aggression and school performance, this study examined the relative and combined associations among relational aggression, overt aggression, and victimization and children's academic performance. Additionally this study examined the relative associations among relational and overt aggression andā€¦

  19. Computer Use and Academic Development in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Sang Min; Brescia, William; Kissinger, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Several studies provide preliminary evidence that computer use is positively related to academic performance; however, no clear relationship has yet been established. Using a national database, we analyzed how students' school behavior (i.e., evaluated by English and math teachers) and standardized test scores (e.g., math and reading) are relatedā€¦

  20. Effective Academic Vocabulary Instruction in the Urban Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Joan G.; Lesaux, Nonie K.; Kieffer, Michael J.; Faller, S. Elisabeth

    2010-01-01

    In urban middle schools, educators find it challenging to meet the literacy needs of the many struggling readers in their classrooms, including language-minority (LM) learners and students from low-income backgrounds. One strategy for improving these students' reading comprehension is to teach essential academic vocabulary in a meaningful,ā€¦

  1. The Academic Experience of Male High School Students with ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kent, Kristine M.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Yu, Jihnhee; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Biswas, Aparajita; Babinski, Dara E.; Karch, Kathryn M.

    2011-01-01

    This study compared the high school academic experience of adolescents with and without childhood ADHD using data from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS). Participants were 326 males with childhood ADHD and 213 demographically similar males without ADHD who were recruited at the start of the follow-up study. Data were collected yearlyā€¦

  2. Virginia's Academic and Career Plan Emphasizes Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Virginia R.

    2010-01-01

    To have a meaningful, fulfilling career in the 21st century workplace, students need technical and academic skills as well as the ability to think and work collaboratively with others. Career education must begin in middle school or earlier to allow students time to develop the aptitudes, skills and attitudes necessary to develop an awareness ofā€¦

  3. Health Behaviour and Academic Achievement in Icelandic School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Allegrante, John P.

    2007-01-01

    Interest in the relationship between health behaviours and academic achievement has recently intensified in the face of an epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity and converging school reforms in the United States and other nations with advanced economies. Epidemiologic research has demonstrated that poor diet and lack of adequate physicalā€¦

  4. Drinking, Socioemotional Functioning, and Academic Progress in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosnoe, Robert; Benner, Aprile D.; Schneider, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Secondary schools are sites of academic instruction but also contexts of socioemotional development, and the intertwining of these two functions has consequences for adolescents' future health and education. Drawing on nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 8,271), this study explored the…

  5. Academic Wholism: Bridging the Gap between High School and College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giuliano, Barbara; Sullivan, Judith

    2007-01-01

    Without adequate reading comprehension, writing proficiency, math competency, and critical thinking skills, students pursuing higher education are vulnerable to failure. An environmental Science course built around academic wholism is the focus of a summer program designed to bridge the gap between high school and college. Students self-reflectā€¦

  6. Relational Aggression and Academic Performance in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Risser, Scott D.

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the relationship between relational aggression and school performance, this study examined the relative and combined associations among relational aggression, overt aggression, and victimization and children's academic performance. Additionally this study examined the relative associations among relational and overt aggression and…

  7. The Academic Achievement of Elite Athletes at Australian Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgakis, Steve; Evans, John Robert; Warwick, Leanne

    2015-01-01

    While sport and student-athletes have featured in the Australian education system since compulsory schooling, there has been no analysis to date of the link between academic achievement and elite student-athletes. However, this is in stark contrast to the United States of America (US), where student-athletes have been the subject of sustainedā€¦

  8. School-Based Health Centers and Academic Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Assembly on School-Based Health Care, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Poor academic outcomes and high dropout rates are major concerns of educators, policy makers, and parents alike--and poor health severely limits a child's motivation and ability to learn. Recent research confirms that "health disparities affect educational achievement". Improving students' health is integral to education reform. "School-Basedā€¦

  9. Neighborhood Social Processes and Academic Achievement in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emory, Ronya; Caughy, Margaret; Harris, T. Robert; Franzini, Luisa

    2008-01-01

    To examine how neighborhood characteristics influence academic achievement, data were drawn from a community survey of low-income neighborhoods and linked with data on performance on standardized testing for third-grade students attending elementary schools in those communities. Results of multilevel logistic regressions indicated that probabilityā€¦

  10. The Academic Knowledge Management Model of Small Schools in Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tumtuma, Chamnan; Chantarasombat, Chalard; Yeamsang, Theerawat

    2015-01-01

    The Academic Knowledge Management Model of Small Schools in Thailand was created by research and development. The quantitative and qualitative data were collected via the following steps: a participatory workshop meeting, the formation of a team according to knowledge base, field study, brainstorming, group discussion, activities carried outā€¦

  11. An Investigation of a Model of Academic Motivation for School Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheel, Michael J.; Gonzalez, Jaime

    2007-01-01

    A theoretical model of academic motivation consisting of (a) academic self-efficacy, (b) purposefulness and intentionality, and (c) support through school counseling for autonomous learning was explored with 346 high school juniors. Regression analysis indicated academic self-efficacy and utilization of school counseling to be significantā€¦

  12. College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapa, Marisa; Galvan-De Leon, Vanessa; Solis, Judith; Mundy, Marie-Anne

    2014-01-01

    During the 79th Texas Legislature, the bill "Advancement of College Readiness in Curriculum" was passed (THECB). As a response to this, high schools and colleges have combined forming an early college high school. The result of this union was a program that condensed the time it took to complete both the high school diploma and up to twoā€¦

  13. Corpus of High School Academic Texts (COHAT): Data-Driven, Computer Assisted Discovery in Learning Academic English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BohĆ”t, RĆ³bert; RƶdlingovĆ”, Beata; HorĆ”kovĆ”, Nina

    2015-01-01

    Corpus of High School Academic Texts (COHAT), currently of 150,000+ words, aims to make academic language instruction a more data-driven and student-centered discovery learning as a special type of Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL), emphasizing students' critical thinking and metacognition. Since 2013, high school English as an additionalā€¦

  14. Removing Roadblocks to Rigor: Linking Academic and Social Supports to Ensure College Readiness and Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savitz-Romer, Mandy; Jager-Hyman, Joie; Coles, Ann

    2009-01-01

    Concerned about the lack of focus on students' needs for support in order to meet rigorous academic standards at the secondary and postsecondary levels, the Pathways to College Network--a partnership of national organizations and funders working to improve postsecondary opportunities for underserved populations--is undertaking a nationalā€¦

  15. Immediate Effects of a Program to Promote School Readiness in Low-Income Children: Results of a Pilot Study

    PubMed Central

    Pears, Katherine C.; Healey, Cynthia V.; Fisher, Philip A.; Braun, Drew; Gill, Colt; Conte, Holly Mar; Newman, Judy; Ticer, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Children from low-income backgrounds demonstrate poorer school readiness skills than their higher-income peers. The Kids in Transition to School (KITS) Program was developed to increase early literacy, social skills, and self-regulatory skills among children with inadequate school readiness. In the present study, 39 families participated in a pilot efficacy trial conducted through a community collaboration to examine the feasibility and impact of the KITS program with families from disadvantaged neighborhoods. Participating families were demographically representative of the larger populations in the participating school districts. Children who received the intervention demonstrated significantly greater improvements in letter naming, initial sound fluency, and understanding of concepts about print than their peers who did not participate in the intervention, as well as decreases in aggressive responses to peer provocation and increases in self-regulation skills. Results suggest that a brief, focused school readiness intervention is feasible to conduct with low-income families and may improve critical skills. PMID:25382932

  16. School Violent Crime and Academic Achievement in Chicago*

    PubMed Central

    Burdick-Will, Julia

    2013-01-01

    Educational outcomes vary dramatically across schools in the United States. Many under-performing schools, especially in Chicago, also deal with high levels of violent crime on school grounds. Exposure to this type of frequent violence may be an important factor shaping already disadvantaged studentsā€™ educational experiences. However, estimating the effect of school violence on learning is difficult due to potential selection bias and the confounding of other school-level problems. Using detailed crime data from the Chicago Police Department, complete administrative records from the Chicago Public Schools, and school climate surveys conducted by the Consortium on Chicago School Research (2002ā€“10), this study exploits variation in violent crime rates within schools over time to estimate its effect on academic achievement. School and neighborhood fixed-effects models show that violent crime rates have a negative effect on test scores, but not on grades. This effect is more likely related to direct reductions in learning, through cognitive stress and classroom disruptions, than changes in perceived safety, general school climate, or discipline practices. PMID:24259755

  17. Catching up to College and Career Readiness: The Challenge Is Greater for At-Risk Students. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Chrys

    2014-01-01

    Educators and policymakers have set a goal that all students graduate from high school ready for college and careers. A substantial body of research supports the idea that the path to college and career readiness begins well before middle and high school. In an earlier policy report, ACT examined the percentage of academically far off trackā€¦

  18. Center-Based Preschool and School Readiness Skills of Children from Immigrant Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Collins, Melissa; Miller, Portia

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: Children from immigrant families are more likely than children of native parents to start school with fewer of the academic skills that are important for long-term success, although evidence on behavioral skills is mixed. Center-based early education and care (EEC) programs, which have been linked to improvements in academicā€¦

  19. A Study of College Readiness Programs among High School Students in South Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smithwick-Rodriguez, Tracie

    2011-01-01

    Low-income high school graduates are less likely to get to a postsecondary institution than their middle and upper-income peers (U.S. Department of Education, 2000). Students who do enter a four-year institution do not have the necessary academic preparation to succeed and obtain a professional degree. The study examined how two national collegeā€¦

  20. Self-Efficacy, Intrinsic Motivation, and Academic Outcomes among Latino Middle School Students Participating in an After-School Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niehaus, Kate; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Adelson, Jill L.

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined how academic self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, and participation in an after-school program contributed to the academic achievement of Latino middle school students over the course of one school year. Participants were 47 Latino students in sixth through eighth grades who attended two public middle schools in…