Sample records for academic school readiness

  1. Measuring Academic Readiness for College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.

    2012-01-01

    Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school-college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governing…

  2. Kindergarten Readiness Skills: Predictors of Academic Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rawlings, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between school readiness skills as measured by the Missouri KIDS and academic potential in reading and math as measured by the scores on the CTP4 in grades 2-4 in a private, independent school. This study identified which school readiness skills most accurately predict the need for…

  3. School Readiness and Later Achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greg J. Duncan; Chantelle J. Dowsett; Amy Claessens; Katherine Magnuson; Aletha C. Huston; Pamela Klebanov; Linda S. Pagani; Leon Feinstein; Mimi Engel; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn; Holly Sexton; Kathryn Duckworth; Crista Japel

    2007-01-01

    Using 6 longitudinal data sets, the authors estimate links between three key elements of school readiness—school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills—and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their regression models control for cognitive, attention, and socioemotional skills measured prior to school entry, as

  4. Academic Outcomes of the Chicago School Readiness Project in First Grade: Do Children's Approaches to Learning Mediate Treatment Effects on Academic Skills?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li-Grining, Christine; Haas, Kelly

    2010-01-01

    The Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), a randomized, classroom-based mental health intervention, aimed to improve teachers' behavior management of preschoolers' dysregulated behavior. The current follow-up study examines potential impacts on academic skills of first graders by enhancing their ATL. This investigation seeks to answer three…

  5. Comparison of College/Career Readiness Outcomes between the Advancement via Individual Determination (AVID) Program and the Traditional High School Academic Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Sandra K.

    2012-01-01

    This study compared selected college/career readiness outcomes for students attending an urban high school who voluntarily participated in an academic support program, Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID), to demographically similar/same school peers who completed the traditional academic program (TAP) of study. Grade point average,…

  6. How Social Emotional Development Skills Gained in High Quality Public School Prekindergarten Impact Kindergarten Academic Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collett, Gale A.

    2013-01-01

    Longitudinal research has demonstrated that children's emotional and social skills are linked to their early academic achievement (Wentzel & Asher, 1995). Children who have difficulty paying attention, following directions, getting along with others, and controlling negative emotions like anger and distress do not do as well in school (Arnokl…

  7. Rethinking School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farran, Dale C.

    2011-01-01

    In the United States, for typically developing children, age has historically been the most common factor determining when a child starts formal schooling. Recently, there has been increased emphasis on other indicators of being ready for school. Beginning with Head Start in 1965 and mushrooming into state-funded prekindergarten programs in most…

  8. The Development of Cognitive Skills and Gains in Academic School Readiness for Children from Low-Income Families

    PubMed Central

    Welsh, Janet A.; Nix, Robert L.; Blair, Clancy; Bierman, Karen L.; Nelson, Keith E.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined developmental associations between growth in domain-general cognitive processes (working memory and attention control) and growth in domain-specific skills (emergent literacy and numeracy) across the pre-kindergarten year, and their relative contributions to kindergarten reading and math achievement. One hundred sixty-four Head Start children (44% African American or Latino; 57% female) were followed longitudinally. Path analyses revealed that working memory and attention control predicted growth in emergent literacy and numeracy skills during the pre-kindergarten year, and furthermore, that growth in these domain-general cognitive skills made unique contributions to the prediction of kindergarten math and reading achievement, controlling for growth in domain-specific skills. These findings extend research highlighting the importance of working memory and attention control for academic learning, demonstrating the effects in early childhood, prior to school entry. We discuss the implications of these findings for pre-kindergarten programs, particularly those designed to reduce the school readiness gaps associated with socio-economic disadvantage. PMID:20411025

  9. Getting Ready: The 2010-2011 Maryland School Readiness Report. Children Entering School Ready to Learn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This report was developed in partnership with Ready At Five. It lays out the critical importance of children starting school fully prepared to succeed in kindergarten. Most importantly, the report shares what everyone has learned from the 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness (MMSR) data about the school readiness of Maryland's children:…

  10. School Readiness Begins in Infancy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lally, J. Ronald

    2010-01-01

    New discoveries in neuroscience suggest that school readiness interventions might come too late if they start after the child is three years old. Many of the skills needed to succeed in school are shaped during a baby's interactions with his or her caregivers. Unfortunately, the level of support and resources provided for new mothers and their…

  11. Academic Socialization and the Transition to Elementary School: Parents' Conceptions of School Readiness, Practices, and Children's Academic Achievement Trajectories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puccioni, Jaime Lynn

    2012-01-01

    By the time children enter kindergarten, significant socioeconomic and racial gaps in academic achievement exist (Coley, 2002; Rouse, Brooks-Gunn, & Mclanahan, 2005). Kindergarten is considered to be a pivotal point of educational transition, as academic achievement upon kindergarten entry is associated with subsequent academic success…

  12. Genetic Differences and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickens, William T.

    2005-01-01

    The author considers whether differences in genetic endowment may account for racial and ethnic differences in school readiness. While acknowledging an important role for genes in explaining differences "within" races, he nevertheless argues that environment explains most of the gap "between" blacks and whites, leaving little role for genetics.…

  13. Exploring Patterns of Latino/a Children's School Readiness at Kindergarten Entry and Their Relations with Grade 2 Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Matthew; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Furlong, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This study contributed to the school readiness literature by taking an intrachild perspective that examined the relations between Latino/a children's school readiness profiles and later academic achievement. Teachers rated the school readiness of 781 Latino/a kindergartners during the first month of school using the Kindergarten Student Entrance…

  14. Children Entering School Ready to Learn: 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The report shares what everyone has learned from the 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness (MMSR) data about the school readiness of Maryland's children: statewide, by subgroups, and for each of Maryland's 24 local jurisdictions. Some of the highlights are: (1) The percentage of Maryland kindergarteners fully ready to start school

  15. How Much Growth toward College Readiness Is Reasonable to Expect in High School? Issues In College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2009

    2009-01-01

    An important question in preparing all students for college and career by the time they graduate from high school is that of determining how much growth in academic achievement typically occurs during high school and whether such growth can be accelerated so that more students are ready for college and career when they graduate from high school.…

  16. Parental Notions of School Readiness: How Have They Changed and Has Preschool Made a Difference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belfield, Clive; Garcia, Emma

    2014-01-01

    The authors examined school readiness from the parental perspective, focusing on parents' efforts and expectations for kindergarten in conjunction with their child's academic development. Using self-reported survey data from two waves of the National Household Education Surveys, the authors tested for changes in school readiness between…

  17. Montessori Public School Pre-K Programs and the School Readiness of Low-Income Black and Latino Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Within the United States, there are a variety of early education models and curricula aimed at promoting young children's pre-academic, social, and behavioral skills. This study, using data from the Miami School Readiness Project (Winsler et al., 2008, 2012), examined the school readiness gains of low-income Latino (n = 7,045) and Black (n =…

  18. The Influence of Dual Enrollment on Academic Performance and College Readiness: Differences by Socioeconomic Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    An, Brian P.

    2013-01-01

    I examine the influence of dual enrollment, a program that allows students to take college courses and earn college credits while in high school, on academic performance and college readiness. Advocates consider dual enrollment as a way to transition high school students into college, and they further claim that these programs benefit students…

  19. Safe, Healthy and Ready to Succeed: Arizona School Readiness Key Performance Indicators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Migliore, Donna E.

    2006-01-01

    "Safe, Healthy and Ready to Succeed: Arizona School Readiness Key Performance Indicators" presents a set of baseline measurements that gauge how well a statewide system of school readiness supports is addressing issues that affect Arizona children's readiness for school. The Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) measure the system, rather than the…

  20. Behavioral and Cognitive Readiness for School: Cross-Domain Associations for Children Attending Head Start

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierman, Karen L.; Torres, Marcela M.; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Welsh, Janet A.; Gest, Scott D.

    2009-01-01

    Utilizing a diverse sample of 356 four-year-old children attending Head Start, this study examined the degree to which behavioral aspects of school readiness, including classroom participation, prosocial behavior, and aggression control were related to direct assessments of child cognitive readiness (academic knowledge, executive function skills)…

  1. Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Academic Behaviors Associated with College and Career Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lombardi, Allison; Seburn, Mary; Conley, David

    2011-01-01

    In this cross-validation study, the authors examined the psychometric properties of a measure of academic behaviors associated with college and career readiness intended for high school students. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted with a randomly selected portion of the sample (n = 413) and resulted in four reliable factors:…

  2. Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Predictors of College Readiness and Performance: Role of Academic Discipline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Komarraju, Meera; Ramsey, Alex; Rinella, Virginia

    2013-01-01

    Identifying the best predictors of academic performance is crucial for postsecondary institutions seeking students with the greatest promise. We investigated the relative strength of standardized test scores (ACT), high school GPA, and non-cognitive, college readiness skills in predicting college GPA. College freshmen (505) completed the 108-item…

  3. A Review of School Readiness Practices in the States: Early Learning Guidelines and Assessments. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 1, Issue 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daily, Sarah; Burkhauser, Mary; Halle, Tamara

    2010-01-01

    Research on the importance of the early childhood years has compelled states to support children's school readiness. This brief provides an overview of states' Early Learning Guidelines (ELGs) and school readiness assessments and outlines the following considerations: (1) School Readiness is more than Academics; (2) Align standards in appropriate…

  4. School-Readiness Profiles of Children with Language Impairment: Linkages to Home and Classroom Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pentimonti, Jill M.; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study represents an effort to advance our understanding of the nature of school readiness among children with language impairment (LI), a population of children acknowledged to be at risk of poor academic achievement. The academic, social-emotional, and behavioural competencies with which children arrive at kindergarten affect the…

  5. School Readiness for Gifted Children: Considering the Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porath, Marion

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses issues relevant to gifted children's readiness for school. It raises a number of questions that challenge thinking about what is meant by school readiness. Gifted children can often be ready for school entrance before the age traditionally considered appropriate. Their complex developmental profiles challenge accepted notions…

  6. Michigan School Readiness Program: Implementation Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing.

    In operation since 1988, the Michigan School Readiness Program (MSRP) provides high-quality preschool programs for children who may be at risk of becoming educationally disadvantaged and who may have needs for special assistance. This manual provides guidelines for implementing all aspects of the program, including applying for funding, recruiting…

  7. The Readiness Nursery in a Medical School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Archie A.

    Differential diagnosis of delayed language development in the preschool child at the Readiness Nursery of the New York University Medical School can be shown by three case histories. Diagnosis requires identification of factors involved in the origin and development of the child's language deficit both at the time of diagnosis and at the critical…

  8. Health Disparities and Gaps in School Readiness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet M. Currie

    2005-01-01

    Summary The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and ana- lyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She ex- plores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternal health problems and health-related

  9. Early Childhood Education and School Readiness: Conceptual

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health Administration on Children, YouthEarly Childhood Education and School Readiness: Conceptual Models, Constructs, and Measures and Families Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation U.S. Department of Health

  10. Coparenting and children's school readiness: a mediational model.

    PubMed

    Cabrera, Natasha J; Scott, Mindy; Fagan, Jay; Steward-Streng, Nicole; Chien, Nicole

    2012-09-01

    We examined the long-term direct and indirect links between coparenting (conflict, communication, and shared decision-making) and preschoolers' school readiness (math, literacy, and social skills). The study sample consisted of 5,650 children and their biological mothers and fathers who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort. Using structural equation modeling and controlling for background characteristics, we found that our conceptual model of the pathways from coparenting to child outcomes is structurally the same for cohabiting and married families. Controlling for a host of background characteristics, we found that coparenting conflict and shared decision-making were negatively and positively, respectively, linked to children's academic and social skills and co-parental communication was indirectly linked to academic and social skills through maternal supportiveness. Coparenting conflict was also indirectly linked to children's social skills through maternal depressive symptoms. The overall findings suggest that for both cohabiting and married families, the context of conflicted coparenting may interfere with the development of children's social competencies and academic skills, whereas collaborative coparenting promotes children's school readiness because mothers are more responsive to their children's needs. These findings have implications for programs aimed at promoting positive family processes in cohabiting and married families. PMID:22984971

  11. Ready or Not, Here We Come: The Dilemma of School Readiness. (Revised Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, Nancy E.; Tittnich, Ethel M.

    The purpose of this paper is to dispel some of the fantasies surrounding school readiness and to look at some of the realities presented to parents and schools by children. Section I provides developmental guidelines for assessing the school readiness of 3-year-old preschoolers, examines behavior patterns normally exhibited by children on entering…

  12. Getting Ready for High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Karra

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author describes her anxiety concerning her 14-year-old son being able to sit for five consecutive hours and take the entrance exam required for him to attend a private high school, should he decide that's what he wants to do next year. What she discovered about herself through this process is never to underestimate her son…

  13. Inequality in Preschool Education and School Readiness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine A. Magnuson; Marcia K. Meyers; Christopher J. Ruhm; Jane Waldfogel

    2004-01-01

    Attendance in U.S. preschools has risen substantially in recent decades, but gaps in enrollment between children from advantaged and disadvantaged families remain. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999, we analyze the effect of participation in child care and early education on children’s school readiness as measured by early reading and math skills in kindergarten

  14. Preliminary Development of a Kindergarten School Readiness Assessment for Latino Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Matthew; Furlong, Michael; Lilles, Elena; Felix, Erika; Chin, Jenna

    2011-01-01

    The low achievement of students from non-English-speaking households living in low socioeconomic contexts is associated with academic skill gaps evident at kindergarten entry. Yet, few cost-effective, valid instruments are available to assess these students' school readiness. To examine this topic, this longitudinal study followed 1,069 primarily…

  15. Laying the Groundwork: The Journey of an Urban High School District Implementing a College Readiness Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franco, Antonia O.

    2012-01-01

    National and state education reforms are centered on developing higher academic expectations and standards to ensure students transitions into postsecondary options, college and career ready. What does this national emphasis signify for urban school districts that are educating a significant proportion of first-generation students and that…

  16. Head Start Participation and School Readiness: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, RaeHyuck; Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane

    2014-01-01

    Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n ˜ 6,950), a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001, we examined school readiness (academic skills and socioemotional well-being) at kindergarten entry for children who attended Head Start compared with those who experienced other types of child care…

  17. Computer-Based Assessment of School Readiness and Early Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Csapó, Beno; Molnár, Gyöngyvér; Nagy, József

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the potential of using online tests for the assessment of school readiness and for monitoring early reasoning. Four tests of a face-to-face-administered school readiness test battery (speech sound discrimination, relational reasoning, counting and basic numeracy, and deductive reasoning) and a paper-and-pencil inductive…

  18. School Readiness for Infants and Toddlers? Really? Yes, Really!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petersen, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    If it is true that "new discoveries in neuroscience suggest that school readiness interventions might come too late if they start after the child is three years old", then the infant/toddler field must claim the concept of school readiness. The brain's foundation for all later learning is created in the first three years of life. As many…

  19. Kindergarten School Readiness and Fourth-Grade Literacy and Numeracy Outcomes of Children with Special Needs: A Population-Based Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Jennifer E. V.; Irwin, Lori G.; Hertzman, Clyde

    2009-01-01

    In British Columbia, Canada, two population-based databases have been linked at the level of the individual child: the "Early Development Instrument", a Kindergarten school readiness measure; and the "Foundation Skills Assessment", a Grade Four academic assessment. Utilising these linked data, we explored the early school readiness, literacy, and…

  20. Ready or Not: Predicting High and Low School Readiness Among Teen Parents’ Children*

    PubMed Central

    Mollborn, Stefanie; Dennis, Jeff A.

    2011-01-01

    Past research has documented compromised development for teenage mothers’ children compared to others, but less is known about predictors of school readiness among these children or among teenage fathers’ children. Our multidimensional measures of high and low school readiness incorporated math, reading, and behavior scores and parent-reported health. Using parent interviews and direct assessments from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, we predicted high and low school readiness shortly before kindergarten among children born to a teenage mother and/or father (N?800). Factors from five structural and interpersonal domains based on the School Transition Model were measured at two time points, including change between those time points, to capture the dynamic nature of early childhood. Four domains (socioeconomic resources, maternal characteristics, parenting, and exposure to adults) predicted high or low school readiness, but often not both. Promising factors associated with both high and low readiness among teen parents’ children came from four domains: maternal education and gains in education (socioeconomic), maternal age of at least 18 and fewer depressive symptoms (maternal characteristics), socioemotional parenting quality and home environment improvements (parenting), and living with fewer children and receiving nonparental child care in infancy (exposure to adults). The findings preliminarily suggest policies that might improve school readiness: encouraging maternal education while supplying child care, focusing teen pregnancy prevention efforts on school-age girls, basic socioeconomic supports, and investments in mental health and high-quality home environments and parenting. PMID:22582109

  1. Immediate Effects of a School Readiness Intervention for Children in Foster Care

    PubMed Central

    Pears, Katherine C.; Fisher, Philip A.; Kim, Hyoun K.; Bruce, Jacqueline; Healey, Cynthia V.; Yoerger, Karen

    2013-01-01

    Research findings School readiness is a strong predictor of adjustment in elementary school and beyond. Children in foster care are at particular risk for academic and social difficulties in school. Limitations in self-regulatory skills and caregiver involvement among these children might contribute to a lack of school readiness. This study presents the immediate effects on school readiness of a targeted, short-term intervention designed to improve children’s early literacy, prosocial, and self-regulatory skills during the summer before kindergarten entry: Kids in Transition to School (KITS). Using a randomized controlled trial design, 192 children in foster care were assigned to either an intervention or services as usual comparison condition. Multimethod, multiagent assessments were conducted immediately prior to and following the completion of the intervention. The results from structural equation modeling indicated that the intervention had significant, positive effects on early literacy and self-regulatory skills. Practice An efficacious, short-term, readily scalable, theoretically-based intervention targeted at specific vulnerabilities for children in foster care may help to improve their school readiness and eventual school adjustment. PMID:24015056

  2. Beginning School Ready To Learn: An International Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimley, Liam K.; Bennett, John

    2000-01-01

    Globalization trends are creating a new world order that in term affects the lives of children. It is importance to maintain an international perspective when addressing the issues related to children's readiness to learn. Both public and private funding are increasingly becoming available to help children begin school ready to learn, even in…

  3. The Foundations of Learning Framework: A Model for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorrels, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Since the National Education Goals Panel was convened in 1991, school readiness for all children has remained a high priority across our nation. The Foundations of Learning Framework is a tool to understand what it means for a child to be "ready." Preparation for educational success requires two key ingredients--relationships and play. In the…

  4. Is laboratory medicine ready for the era of personalized medicine? A survey addressed to laboratory directors of hospitals/academic schools of medicine in Europe.

    PubMed

    Malentacchi, Francesca; Mancini, Irene; Brandslund, Ivan; Vermeersch, Pieter; Schwab, Matthias; Marc, Janja; van Schaik, Ron H N; Siest, Gerard; Theodorsson, Elvar; Pazzagli, Mario; Di Resta, Chiara

    2015-06-01

    Developments in "-omics" are creating a paradigm shift in laboratory medicine leading to personalized medicine. This allows the increase in diagnostics and therapeutics focused on individuals rather than populations. In order to investigate whether laboratory medicine is ready to play a key role in the integration of personalized medicine in routine health care and set the state-of-the-art knowledge about personalized medicine and laboratory medicine in Europe, a questionnaire was constructed under the auspices of the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) and the European Society of Pharmacogenomics and Personalised Therapy (ESPT). The answers of the participating laboratory medicine professionals indicate that they are aware that personalized medicine can represent a new and promising health model, and that laboratory medicine should play a key role in supporting the implementation of personalized medicine in the clinical setting. Participants think that the current organization of laboratory medicine needs additional/relevant implementations such as (i) new technological facilities in -omics; (ii) additional training for the current personnel focused on the new methodologies; (iii) incorporation in the laboratory of new competencies in data interpretation and counseling; and (iv) cooperation and collaboration among professionals of different disciplines to integrate information according to a personalized medicine approach. PMID:26036226

  5. Arizona Academic Standards, High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for high school. The contents of this document contain: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--High School; (2) Comprehensive Health Education Physical Activity Standards 1997--Proficiency and Distinction (Grades 9-12); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Proficiency and…

  6. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    24 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Degree Conferral The University Graduate seeking a master's degree, an application for the degree must be filed with the University Graduate School to the University Graduate School of the bound copies of the master's thesis (if required for degree). For doctoral

  7. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    5 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Mission and History of The University Graduate School University Graduate School Kirkwood Hall 111 Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47405 (812) 855-8853 Contact: grdschl@indiana.edu Graduate Office Union Building 207 Indiana University

  8. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    22 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Student Financial Aid Fellowships A number of fellowships are available to students enrolled in the University Graduate School. Among them are University Graduate School fellowships, fee scholarships, and various privately and federally funded awards

  9. School Readiness Among Children Insured by Medicaid, South Carolina

    PubMed Central

    Hulsey, Thomas C.; Laditka, James N.; Laditka, Sarah B.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a schedule of age-specific well-child visits through age 21 years. For children insured by Medicaid, these visits are called Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT). These visits are designed to promote physical, emotional, and cognitive health. Six visits are recommended for the first year of life, 3 for the second year. We hypothesized that children with the recommended visits in the first 2 years of life would be more likely than others to be ready for school when they finish kindergarten. Methods We studied children insured by Medicaid in South Carolina, born during 2000 through 2002 (n = 21,998). Measures included the number of EPSDT visits in the first 2 years of life and an assessment of school readiness conducted at the end of kindergarten. We used logistic regression to examine the adjusted association between having the recommended visits and school readiness, controlling for characteristics of mothers, infants, prenatal care and delivery, and residence area. Results Children with the recommended visits had 23% higher adjusted odds of being ready for school than those with fewer visits. Conclusion EPSDT may contribute to school readiness for children insured by Medicaid. Children having fewer than the recommended EPSDT visits may benefit from school readiness programs. PMID:22677161

  10. Preventing Conduct Problems and Improving School Readiness: Evaluation of the Incredible Years Teacher and Child Training Programs in High-Risk Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Stoolmiller, Mike

    2008-01-01

    Background: School readiness, conceptualized as three components including emotional self-regulation, social competence, and family/school involvement, as well as absence of conduct problems play a key role in young children's future interpersonal adjustment and academic success. Unfortunately, exposure to multiple poverty-related risks increases…

  11. Cultural socialization and school readiness of African American and Latino preschoolers.

    PubMed

    Caughy, Margaret O'Brien; Owen, Margaret Tresch

    2015-07-01

    Cultural socialization practices are common among ethnic minority parents and important for ethnic minority child development. However, little research has examined these practices among parents of very young children. In this study, we report on cultural socialization practices among a sample of parents of low income, African American (n = 179) and Latino (n = 220) preschool-age children in relation to children's school readiness. Cultural socialization was assessed when children were 2.5 years old, and child outcomes assessed 1 year later included pre-academic skills, receptive language, and child behavior. Children who experienced more frequent cultural socialization displayed greater pre-academic skills, better receptive language, and fewer behavior problems. This association did not differ by child gender or ethnicity. The implications of these findings for the development of parent interventions to support school readiness are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25364832

  12. Second Dentition as a Supplementary Index of School Readiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silvestro, John R.

    The efficacy of second dentition, the number of erupted teeth, as an index in assessing school readiness was examined. A series of cognitive, achievement, and social-emotional instruments were administered to a group of 41 first- and 43 second-grade children. The tests used in this study were: Devereux Elementary School Behavior Rating Scale,…

  13. Creating College Readiness: Profiles of 38 Schools That Know How

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conley, D. T.

    2009-01-01

    In June 2007, the Educational Policy Improvement Center (EPIC) was awarded a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to develop the College Ready School Diagnostic, a web-based diagnostic instrument. The purpose of this tool is to provide individual school profiles and customized recommendations, enabling each institution to make…

  14. College Readiness for All: The Challenge for Urban High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderick, Melissa; Nagaoka, Jenny; Coca, Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    Melissa Roderick, Jenny Nagaoka, and Vanessa Coca focus on the importance of improving college access and readiness for low-income and minority students in urban high schools. They stress the aspirations-attainment gap: although the college aspirations of all U.S. high school students, regardless of race, ethnicity, and family income, have…

  15. Revisiting School Readiness: Washington County, Oregon, Summer 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Severeide, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    Purpose and Methods: This report is the second benchmark study to assess the system of supports for school readiness. The data for this study was collected in the fall of 2006 on 537 entering kindergarten children and their families in eight representative schools across the County. The ecological model and methods from the first study, which was…

  16. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    .indiana.edu/~lingdept Chairperson Professor Stuart Davis* Graduate Faculty (An asterisk [*] denotes membership in the University362 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Linguistics University Graduate School Kirkwood Hall 111 Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47405 (812) 855-8853 Contact: grdschl

  17. Social-Emotional School Readiness: How Do We Ensure Children Are Ready to Learn?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Sarah A. O.; Herberle, Amy E.; Carter, Alice S.

    2012-01-01

    This article begins with a review of research providing evidence that social-emotional competence is a key component of school readiness and that the foundations for social-emotional competence are laid down in the earliest years. We go on to review effective practices and specific interventions that have been found to strengthen children's…

  18. College Readiness Practices at 38 High Schools and the Development of the CollegeCareerReady School Diagnostic Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conley, David T.; McGaughy, Charis L.; Kirtner, Jody; van der Valk, Adrienne; Martinez-Wenzl, Mary Theresa

    2010-01-01

    Educational Policy Improvement Center (EPIC) researchers visited 38 public high schools around the United States in 2007 and 2008 with the goal of validating and operationalizing a definition of college readiness. Schools in the sample were selected because they were demonstrating success at enabling more students from underrepresented groups to…

  19. Balancing Career and Technical Education with Academic Coursework: The Consequences for Mathematics Achievement in High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bozick, Robert; Dalton, Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    Federal legislation has attempted to move career and technical education (CTE) from a segregated component of the high school curriculum to an integrated element that jointly improves both academic and career readiness. However, concerns remain about the ability of CTE to improve academic learning. Using a nationally representative sample of high…

  20. Perceptions of Teachers' and Parents' regarding School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Xiangkui; Sun, Lei; Gai, Xiaosong

    2008-01-01

    In order to investigate the teachers and parents' perceptions of school readiness, 218 parents and 370 teachers were surveyed. Based on the areas of "physical well-being and motor development", "social and emotional development", "approaches to learning", "language use", "cognition and general knowledge" and "family", the study attempts to examine…

  1. Early Care and Prekindergarten Care as Influences on School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fram, Maryah Stella; Kim, Jinseok; Sinha, Sunny

    2012-01-01

    Child care is increasingly viewed as an opportunity to enhance children's development and school readiness, with prekindergarten programs and early intervention programs targeting children at different moments of development. Results of existing research are mixed, and although many children experience different child care arrangements at…

  2. Using Data to Promote Collaboration in Local School Readiness Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kingsley, G. Thomas; Hendey, Leah

    2010-01-01

    This brief reviews results of an Annie E. Casey Foundation sponsored project that challenged local data intermediaries in eight cities (all partners in the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, NNIP) to use their data to promote strengthening of their local school readiness systems. The project showed it was possible to develop rich…

  3. Parenting, Race, and Socioeconomic Status: Links to School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotterer, Aryn M.; Iruka, Iheoma U.; Pungello, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the link between socioeconomic status (SES) and school readiness, testing whether parenting (maternal sensitivity and negative behavior/intrusiveness) and financial stress mediated this association and if race moderated these paths. Participants included 164 mother-child dyads from African American and European American…

  4. Community Readiness for Self-Managed School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajbhandari, Mani Man Singh

    2007-01-01

    The concept of Self-managing schools involving local community members, teachers and parents with the formation of School Management Committee is gaining ground in Nepal after the world conference on education for all (WCEFA) held in Jomtien, Thailand in the year 1990. Transferring the management of public schools in the hand of willing community…

  5. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    command of expository English or German, competence in the use of bibliographic and research tools263 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Germanic Studies University Graduate-mail germanic@indiana.edu Departmental URL http://www.indiana.edu/~germanic/graduate/ Graduate Faculty (An

  6. School Readiness: A Focus on Children, Families, Communities, and Schools. The Informed Educator Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pianta, Robert

    This paper presents an expanded definition of school readiness that includes the skills children possess as they begin formal school as well as the ways that family backgrounds, preschool experiences, and primary-grade classrooms interact with children to point them toward school success or failure. The paper notes five dimensions of school

  7. Parental Conceptions of School Readiness: Relation to Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Children's Skills

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oscar A. Barbarin; Diane Early; Richard Clifford; Donna Bryant; Pamela Frome; Margaret Burchinal; Carollee Howes; Robert Pianta

    2008-01-01

    Research Findings: This study analyzed the school readiness beliefs of parents of 452 children from public pre-kindergarten and the relations of these beliefs to socioeconomic status and children's readiness skills. Parents conceived readiness largely in terms of the ability to name objects, letters, or numbers, but few included inferential skills. Readiness beliefs were related not to socioeconomic status but to

  8. Tornado Emergency Readiness Planning for Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison.

    A place of safe refuge in the event of violent natural forces or a tornado should be included in the design of all new school buildings. Existing a school buildings should be analyzed by the architect, contractor, or engineer to determine if a safe place exists or if one can be readily adapted. Most criteria for fallout shelters are the same for…

  9. The Path to Career Success: High School Achievement, Certainty of Career Choice, and College Readiness Make a Difference. Issues In College Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2009

    2009-01-01

    It is essential for all students to be ready for college and career when they graduate from high school. Postsecondary educators expect high school graduates to be prepared academically for success in postsecondary education, which in turn influences success in the work world. Employers continue to call for workers to have the tools needed to…

  10. Defining School Readiness in Maryland: A Multi-Dimensional Perspective. Publication #2012-44

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forry, Nicole; Wessel, Julia

    2012-01-01

    Increased emphasis has been placed on children's ability to enter kindergarten ready to learn, a concept referred to as "school readiness." School readiness has been defined by the Maryland State Department of Education as "the stage of human development that enables a child to engage in, and benefit from, primary learning experiences." Components…

  11. Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    François Trudeau; Roy J Shephard

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to review relationships of academic performance and some of its determinants to participation in school-based physical activities, including physical education (PE), free school physical activity (PA) and school sports. METHODS: Linkages between academic achievement and involvement in PE, school PA and sport programmes have been examined, based on a systematic review of currently

  12. Impact of School Readiness Program Interventions on Children's Learning in Cambodia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nonoyama-Tarumi, Yuko; Bredenberg, Kurt

    2009-01-01

    To reduce the high repetition rates in early years of primary school, the government of Cambodia piloted a school readiness program (SRP) in the first two months of Grade 1 of primary school. This study examines whether such intervention has effects on students' immediate acquisition of school readiness skills as well as students' longer term…

  13. Montessori Public School Pre-K Programs and the School Readiness of Low-Income Black and Latino Children.

    PubMed

    Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

    2014-11-01

    Within the United States, there are a variety of early education models and curricula aimed at promoting young children's pre-academic, social, and behavioral skills. This study, using data from the Miami School Readiness Project (MSRP; Winsler et al., 2008, 2012), examined the school readiness gains of low-income Latino (n = 7,045) and Black children (n = 6,700) enrolled in two different types of Title-1 public school pre-K programs: those in programs using the Montessori curricula and those in more conventional programs using the High/Scope curricula with a literacy supplement. Parents and teachers reported on children's socio-emotional and behavioral skills with the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA), while children's pre-academic skills (cognitive, motor, and language) were assessed directly with the Learning Accomplishment Profile Diagnostic (LAP-D) at the beginning and end of their four-year-old pre-K year. All children, regardless of curricula, demonstrated gains across pre-academic, socio-emotional, and behavioral skills throughout the pre-K year; however, all children did not benefit equally from Montessori programs. Latino children in Montessori programs began the year at most risk in pre-academic and behavioral skills, yet exhibited the greatest gains across these domains and ended the year scoring above national averages. Conversely, Black children exhibited healthy gains in Montessori, but demonstrated slightly greater gains when attending more conventional pre-K programs. Findings have implications for tailoring early childhood education programs for Latino and Black children from low-income communities. PMID:25435592

  14. The Condition of College & Career Readiness, 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2011

    2011-01-01

    Since 1959, ACT has collected and reported data on students' academic readiness for college. This report provides a college and career readiness snapshot of the ACT-tested high school class of 2011. ACT has long defined college and career readiness as the acquisition of the knowledge and skills a student needs to enroll and succeed in…

  15. The Screening Test of Academic Readiness (STAR) as a Predictor of Third-Grade Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichta, Lawrence J., Jr.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Evaluated the Screening Test of Academic Readiness (STAR) using a sample of 28 third graders. The third graders' scores on the Peabody Individual Achievement Test were correlated with their total STAR scores from prekindergarten testing. Results showed the STAR is a useful instrument for predicting third grade achievement. (Author/JAC)

  16. Measuring School Readiness: How Do We Know When We're on Track?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Action Alliance, Phoenix, AZ.

    In Arizona and around the country, there is an increased focus on ensuring that children start school ready to learn. Noting that the best way to know if Arizona's children are starting school ready to learn is to track their progress, this booklet details indicators or benchmarks in five categories used to measure the state's progress in school

  17. Perspectives on School Readiness in Rural Ireland: The Experiences of Parents and Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGettigan, Ita L.; Gray, Colette

    2012-01-01

    In contrast to a burgeoning literature examining the experience and management of children's start to school, much less is known about school readiness in rural Ireland. On this premise, a questionnaire survey was designed to explore the views of parents (n = 145) on their child's preschool experiences and readiness for school. Due to a paucity of…

  18. Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. The Social Genome Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaacs, Julia B.

    2012-01-01

    Poor children in the United States start school at a disadvantage in terms of their early skills, behaviors, and health. Fewer than half (48 percent) of poor children are ready for school at age five, compared to 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high income, a 27 percentage point gap. This paper examines the reasons why poor…

  19. Toddler Working Memory Skills Predict Kindergarten School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Pagani, Linda S.

    2012-01-01

    Converging findings in psychology, neuroscience, education, and economics suggests that child persistence in learning represents an important determinant of academic success during the school years. Nevertheless, the developmental origins of productive learning behaviors are not well understood. Some findings suggest that executive function skills…

  20. Technology Readiness of School Teachers: An Empirical Study of Measurement and Segmentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badri, Masood; Al Rashedi, Asma; Yang, Guang; Mohaidat, Jihad; Al Hammadi, Arif

    2014-01-01

    The Technology Readiness Index (TRI) developed by Parasuraman (2000) was adapted to measure the technology readiness of public school teachers in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The study aims at better understanding the factors (mostly demographics) that affect such readiness levels. In addition, Abu Dhabi teachers are segmented into five main…

  1. Readiness for Self-directed Learning and Academic Performance in an Abilities Laboratory Course

    PubMed Central

    Huynh, Donna; Rochester, Charmaine; Sturpe, Deborah A.; Kiser, Katie

    2011-01-01

    Objective To assess the relationship between readiness for self-directed learning, academic performance on self-directed learning activities, and resources used to prepare for an abilities laboratory course. Methods The Self-directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS) was administered to first-year (P1) doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) candidates at the University of Maryland. Additional data collected included final course grades, quiz scores, resources used to prepare for laboratory activities, and demographics. Results The mean SDLRS score was 148.6 ± 13.8. Sixty-eight students (44%) scored > 150, indicating a high readiness for self-directed learning. These students were more likely to complete assignments before the laboratory, meet in study groups, and report postgraduation plans to enter noncommunity pharmacy. No significant association was found between academic performance and the SDLRS. Conclusions Readiness for self-directed learning is associated with self-directed learning habits, but may not be necessary for learning foundational knowledge, provided students are given specific instructions on what to study. Whether high readiness for self-directed learning is necessary for more complex learning or for self-identification of learning needs is unknown. PMID:21519415

  2. The School Readiness Project. Experiments and Innovations in Education, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okon, Wincenty; Wilgocka-Okon, Barbara

    This booklet describes in detail the research phase and the subsequent innovations of the investigation of school readiness in 6- and 7-year-old Polish children. The research focused on three problems: (1) to discover reliable methods of evaluating school readiness; (2) to state relations between the child's developmental level and environmental…

  3. Social Information Processing Patterns, Social Skills, and School Readiness in Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziv, Yair

    2013-01-01

    The links among social information processing, social competence, and school readiness were examined in this short-term longitudinal study with a sample of 198 preschool children. Data on social information processing were obtained via child interview, data on child social competence were obtained via teacher report, and data on school readiness

  4. Indicators of College Readiness: A Comparison of High School and College Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connolly, Faith; Olson, Linda S.; Durham, Rachel E.; Plank, Stephen B.

    2014-01-01

    This report compares high school indicators of college readiness for the Baltimore City Schools Class of 2011 with actual readiness as determined by Maryland colleges. Each Maryland college determines its own criteria for entering credit bearing courses or taking developmental courses. As a result, findings are reported separately by college…

  5. Critical Pathways to School Readiness: Implications for First 5 Ventura County Strategic Planning, Funding and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Lisa; Tullis, Ericka; Franke, Todd; Halfon, Neal

    2005-01-01

    The UCLA Center for Healthier Children, Families and Communities (CHCFC) has developed the School Readiness Critical Pathways (SRCPs) as an evidence-based conceptual model that links related outcomes and strategies. This helps to organize an array of broad and diffuse evidence regarding the strategies that produce school readiness outcomes for…

  6. Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2014-01-01

    In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

  7. Parent Engagement and School Readiness: Effects of the Getting Ready Intervention on Preschool Children’s Social–Emotional Competencies

    PubMed Central

    Sheridan, Susan M.; Knoche, Lisa L.; Edwards, Carolyn P.; Bovaird, James A.; Kupzyk, Kevin A.

    2014-01-01

    Research Findings Parental engagement with children has been linked to a number of adaptive characteristics in preschool children, and relationships between families and professionals are an important contributor to school readiness. Furthermore, social–emotional competence is a key component of young children’s school readiness. This study reports the results of a randomized trial of a parent engagement intervention (Getting Ready) designed to facilitate school readiness among disadvantaged preschool children, with a particular focus on social–emotional outcomes. Two hundred and twenty children were involved over the 4-year study period. Statistically significant differences were observed between treatment and control participants in the rate of change over a 2-year period on teacher reports for certain interpersonal competencies (i.e., attachment, initiative, and anxiety/ withdrawal). In contrast, no statistically significant differences between groups over a 2-year period were noted for behavioral concerns (anger/aggression, self-control, or behavioral problems) as a function of the Getting Ready intervention. Practice or Policy The intervention appears to be particularly effective at building social–emotional competencies beyond the effects experienced as a function of participation in Head Start programming alone. Limitations and implications for future research are reviewed. PMID:24683299

  8. Social information processing patterns, social skills, and school readiness in preschool children.

    PubMed

    Ziv, Yair

    2013-02-01

    The links among social information processing, social competence, and school readiness were examined in this short-term longitudinal study with a sample of 198 preschool children. Data on social information processing were obtained via child interview, data on child social competence were obtained via teacher report, and data on school readiness were obtained via child assessment (early literacy skills) and teacher report (approaches to learning). Findings provided support for our hypothesis that both social information processing and social competence are related to school readiness. Social competence also partially mediated the link between social information processing and school readiness, thereby supporting our hypothesis about an indirect path in which mental processes are translated into social skills and then translated into school readiness. PMID:23046690

  9. How Home Gets to School: Parental Control Strategies Predict Children's School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Aimee Kleisner; MacPhee, David

    2011-01-01

    At-risk families' control style (autonomy support and coercive control) was examined in relation to children's school readiness; children's social skills and mastery motivation were hypothesized mediating variables. In two different, low-income samples from diverse ethnic backgrounds, one preschool sample recruited from Head Start (N = 199) and a…

  10. School Readiness: Integrating Cognition and Emotion in a Neurobiological Conceptualization of Children's Functioning at School Entry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair, Clancy

    2002-01-01

    Examines the construct of emotionality, developmental relations between cognition and emotion, and neural plasticity and frontal cortical functioning. Proposes a developmental neurobiological model of self-regulation skills development, noting implications for children's school readiness. Suggests direct links among emotionality, use-dependent…

  11. Patterns of School Readiness Forecast Achievement and Socioemotional Development at the End of Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2012-01-01

    A person-oriented approach examined patterns of functioning in social and executive function domains at 54 months and in turn forecasted 5th-grade socioemotional and achievement outcomes for 944 children. Six distinct profiles of 54-month school readiness patterns predicted outcomes in 5th grade with indications of cross-domain association between…

  12. OFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

    E-print Network

    Kay, Mark A.

    OFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE COMMUNIQUE JANUARY 2014 (Happy New Year!) Jane Volk-Brew Stereotyping and Subtle Bias in Academic Science Best Wishes to Nancy Winningham Jane Volk-Brew to Retire on January 31 After twenty-six years of distinguished service to Stanford University, Jane Volk-Brew has

  13. Children Entering School Ready to Learn: 2009-2010 Maryland Model for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Each year, Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) informs policymakers and practitioners of what children know and are able to do when they start formal education in kindergarten. This report provides a profile of children's skill levels as they enter school based on the evaluation of their teachers. It includes valuable trend data about…

  14. Effects of Parent Expectations and Involvement on the School Readiness of Children in Head Start

    E-print Network

    Cook, Krystal Tisha'

    2010-10-12

    EFFECTS OF PARENT EXPECTATIONS AND INVOLVEMENT ON THE SCHOOL READINESS OF CHILDREN IN HEAD START A Dissertation by KRYSTAL TISHA? COOK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2009 Major Subject: School Psychology EFFECTS OF PARENT EXPECTATIONS AND INVOLVEMENT ON THE SCHOOL READINESS OF CHILDREN IN HEAD START A Dissertation by KRYSTAL TISHA? COOK...

  15. School Social Capital and Pupils' Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haghighat, Elhum

    2005-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that there are important ties among pupils, parents and schools affecting children's educational outcome. Using NELS: 88, a nationally representative sample of eighth graders in the United States, this study explores the role of schools in their academic performance. The study suggests that, with other things equal,…

  16. Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Mark

    This review explores which facility attributes affect academic outcomes the most and in what manner and degree. The research is examined in six categories: indoor air quality, ventilation, and thermal comfort; lighting; acoustics; building age and quality; school size; and class size. The review concludes that school facilities affect learning.…

  17. National Profiles of School Readiness Skills for Head Start Children: An Investigation of Stability and Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWayne, Christine M.; Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L.; Cheung, Katherine; Wright, Linnie E. Green

    2012-01-01

    Among a nationally representative sample of 2336 Head Start children, patterns of school readiness were compared at the beginning and end of children's first preschool year, and predictors of stability and change across readiness profiles were examined. The present study documented that although the majority of children remain in a qualitatively…

  18. Application of the cumulative risk model in predicting school readiness in Head Start children 

    E-print Network

    Rodriguez-Escobar, Olga Lydia

    2009-05-15

    outcomes. This study built on this literature by investigating how child, parent, and family risk factors predicted school readiness in Head Start children using two statistical models. Specific aims of this study included identifying 1) to what degree...

  19. Predicting School Readiness for Low-Income Children With Disability Risks Identified Early.

    E-print Network

    Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Carta, Judith J.; Gayle, Luze; Eshbaugh, Elaine M.; Swanson, Mark

    2011-01-01

    This study examined school readiness at kindergarten entry for low-income children whose disability indicators were identified before age 3. Data were collected as part ofthe Early Head Start Research and Evaluation ...

  20. Points of Light: Third Year Report of the Michigan School Readiness Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiang, Zongping; Schweinhart, Larry; Hohmann, Charles; Smith, Charles; Storer, Eileen; Oden, Sherri

    The Michigan School Readiness Program (MSRP) is the state's early childhood education program for 4-year-olds at risk of school failure. This report details previous findings from the longitudinal study of two cohorts of MSRP children from kindergarten through the primary grades, current findings from the 1998-99 school year, program quality and…

  1. Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven G. Rivkin; Eric A. Hanushek; John F. Kain

    2005-01-01

    This paper disentangles the impact of schools and teachers in influencing achievement with special attention given to the potential problems of omitted or mismeasured variables and of student and school selection. Unique matched panel data from the UTD Texas Schools Project permit the identification of teacher quality based on student performance along with the impact of specific, measured components of

  2. Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven G. Rivkin; Eric A. Hanushek; John F. Kain

    2002-01-01

    This paper disentangles the impact of schools and teachers in influencing achievement with special attention given to the potential problems of omitted or mismeasured variables and of student and school selection. Unique matched panel data from the UTD Texas Schools Project permit the identification of teacher quality based on student performance along with the impact of specific, measured components of

  3. Academic Achievement in Effective Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basque, Marc; Bouchamma, Yamina

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of achievement in mathematics in elementary schools in New Brunswick (Canada). Data Collection: Both teachers and school leaders (N = 111) completed a questionnaire on their practices and on school functioning. Findings: Multiple regression analyses revealed that the students'…

  4. KRIEGER SCHOOL of ARTS & SCIENCES ADVANCED ACADEMIC PROGRAMS

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    courses that inspire you to achieve your goals. Advanced Academic Programs offers a variety of graduateKRIEGER SCHOOL of ARTS & SCIENCES ADVANCED ACADEMIC PROGRAMS ACAdemiC CAtAlOg 2014 ­ 2015 AdvancedAcademicPrograms|Part-timeMaster'sDegreesandGraduateCerticatesJohnsHopkinsUniversity2014­2015Academic

  5. Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance

    PubMed Central

    Trudeau, François; Shephard, Roy J

    2008-01-01

    Background The purpose of this paper is to review relationships of academic performance and some of its determinants to participation in school-based physical activities, including physical education (PE), free school physical activity (PA) and school sports. Methods Linkages between academic achievement and involvement in PE, school PA and sport programmes have been examined, based on a systematic review of currently available literature, including a comprehensive search of MEDLINE (1966 to 2007), PSYCHINFO (1974 to 2007), SCHOLAR.GOOGLE.COM, and ERIC databases. Results Quasi-experimental data indicate that allocating up to an additional hour per day of curricular time to PA programmes does not affect the academic performance of primary school students negatively, even though the time allocated to other subjects usually shows a corresponding reduction. An additional curricular emphasis on PE may result in small absolute gains in grade point average (GPA), and such findings strongly suggest a relative increase in performance per unit of academic teaching time. Further, the overwhelmingly majority of such programmes have demonstrated an improvement in some measures of physical fitness (PF). Cross-sectional observations show a positive association between academic performance and PA, but PF does not seem to show such an association. PA has positive influences on concentration, memory and classroom behaviour. Data from quasi-experimental studies find support in mechanistic experiments on cognitive function, pointing to a positive relationship between PA and intellectual performance. Conclusion Given competent providers, PA can be added to the school curriculum by taking time from other subjects without risk of hindering student academic achievement. On the other hand, adding time to "academic" or "curricular" subjects by taking time from physical education programmes does not enhance grades in these subjects and may be detrimental to health. PMID:18298849

  6. School Culture, Teacher Regard, and Academic Aspirations among Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCollum, Elan C.; Yoder, Nicholas P.

    2011-01-01

    Middle school students perform well academically when their schooling environment meets their developmental needs (Eccles et al., 1993). Both school culture and student-teacher relationships are influential aspects of the school environment that impact academic expectations, school satisfaction, and academic performance. In the current study, we…

  7. Interpreting Changes over Time in High School Average ACT® College Readiness Assessment Composite Scores and ACT College Readiness Benchmark Attainment Rates. ACT Research Report Series, 2013 (9)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawyer, Richard

    2013-01-01

    Education officials and journalists frequently track changes over time in the average ACT® College Readiness Assessment Composite scores and ACT College Readiness Benchmark attainment rates of individual high schools. Using standard statistical methods, I examined how often changes in these statistics are unambiguously positive or negative, rather…

  8. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    Mansdorf, Tim Mather, Malcolm Mobutu-Smith, Osamu James Nakagawa, Rita Frances Newberry, James Reidhaar Weintraub Academic Specialist Betsy Stirratt Faculty Emeriti Robert Barnes*, Bruce Cole*, Tom Coleman Professors James L. Franklin Jr.*, Eleanor W. Leach* Adjunct Associate Professor Claude Cookman Adjunct

  9. Academic Freedom in the Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Civil Liberties Union, New York, NY.

    A policy statement recommends application of the principles of academic freedom and civil liberties to the secondary schools. Teachers' rights are discussed in terms of (1) appointments and dismissals, (2) loyalty oaths, (3) curriculum, (4) selection of texts and supplementary instructional resources, (5) freedom to teach controversial issues, (6)…

  10. Year 2000 Readiness Kit: A Compilation of Y2K Resources for Schools, Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This kit was developed to assist the postsecondary education community's efforts to resolve the Year 2000 (Y2K) computer problem. The kit includes a description of the Y2K problem, an assessment of the readiness of colleges and universities, a checklist for institutions, a Y2K communications strategy, articles on addressing the problem in academic

  11. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    School requirements.) Admission Requirements International applicants (non-U.S. citizens, non green­card holders) are required to submit TOEFL scores only. U.S. ap- plicants (U.S. citizens or green­card holders

  12. The Relationship between Preschool Programming and School Readiness for Rural Children Entering Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Donna M.

    2010-01-01

    Children in the researcher's rural school district have limited opportunities for a high quality preschool programming that prepares them for school readiness. Quality preschool programming is defined as teachers with proper qualifications and training, small class size, stimulating curriculum, and parent involvement. The theoretical foundation…

  13. The Influence of Being Ready to Learn on Children's Early School Literacy and Numeracy Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Elizabeth; Harrison, Linda Joan

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent to which learning readiness, prior-to-school experiences, and child and family characteristics influence children's literacy and numeracy achievement across the first year of primary school. A sample of 104 kindergarten children was recruited from 16 classrooms and followed from the beginning to the end of their…

  14. Mathematics from High School to Community College: Preparation, Articulation, and College Un-Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaffe, Louise

    2012-01-01

    This research studied the role of mathematics as a roadblock to college completion for community college-bound students in California. Using longitudinal quantitative analysis, I observed the educational pipeline between high school and community college and analyzed how different high school mathematics histories predicted readiness, or…

  15. Children's School Readiness: Implications for Eliminating Future Disparities in Health and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagani, Linda S.; Fitzpatrick, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Background: School-entry characteristics predict adult educational attainment, which forecasts dispositions toward disease prevention. Health and education risks can also be transmitted from one generation to the next. As such, school readiness forecasts a set of intertwined biopsychosocial trajectories that can influence the developmental…

  16. Coming, Ready or Not: Aboriginal Children's Transition to School in Urban Australia and the Policy Push

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Anthea Jo

    2011-01-01

    Concern that too many Australian children, particularly Indigenous children, are not ready to start school has spurred a series of changes to the pre-school sector. Included among these changes are nationwide mass surveying and the introduction of a unified curriculum framework together with moves towards standardised entry assessment. Focusing on…

  17. The Effects of an Academic Alternative High School on Academically At-Risk Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winningham, Mark L.

    2012-01-01

    In a causal-comparative research design, this study investigated the effectiveness of an academic alternative school in improving at-risk student outcomes in a selected county school system in the Upper Cumberland region of Tennessee. The academic alternative high school was compared to a traditional high school serving at-risk populations.…

  18. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    Ronald Wainscott*, Theatre Building A300 Degrees Offered Master of Arts, Master of Arts for Teachers, Master of Fine Arts, and Doctor of Philosophy Special Departmental Requirements (See also general University Graduate School requirements.) Admission Requirements Undergraduate major in the field or other

  19. University Graduate School Academic Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    *, Wright Education Building 3054, (812) 856-8154 Degree Offered Master of Arts for Teachers Special Program Requirements (See also general University Graduate School requirements.) Admission Requirements Bachelor Requirements Sixty-five (65) credit hours in science and mathematics (count- ing courses taken

  20. Classroom Context, School Engagement, and Academic Achievement in Early Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotterer, Aryn M.; Lowe, Katie

    2011-01-01

    Classroom context and school engagement are significant predictors of academic achievement. These factors are especially important for academically at-risk students. Grounded in an ecological systems perspective, this study examined links between classroom context, school engagement, and academic achievement among early adolescents. We took a…

  1. Academic Self-Concept, Gender and Single-Sex Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Alice

    2009-01-01

    This article assesses gender differences in academic self-concept for a cohort of children born in 1958 (the National Child Development Study). It addresses the question of whether attending single-sex or co-educational schools affected students' perceptions of their own academic abilities (academic self-concept). Academic self-concept was found…

  2. School Mobility and Students' Academic and Behavioral Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Han, Seunghee

    2014-01-01

    The study examined estimated effects of school mobility on students' academic and behaviouiral outcomes. Based on data for 2,560 public schools from the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) 2007-2008, the findings indicate that high schools, urban schools, and schools serving a total student population of more than 50 percent minority…

  3. School Readiness Gains Made by Ethnically Diverse Children in Poverty Attending Center-Based Childcare and Public School Pre-Kindergarten Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winsler, Adam; Tran, Henry; Hartman, Suzanne C.; Madigan, Amy L.; Manfra, Louis; Bleiker, Charles

    2008-01-01

    Although intensive early childhood interventions and high quality preschool programs have been shown to foster children's school readiness, little is known about the school readiness gains made by ethnically and linguistically diverse children in poverty receiving subsidies to attend center-based childcare or those in public school

  4. Preventing conduct problems and improving school readiness: evaluation of the Incredible Years Teacher and Child Training Programs in high-risk schools

    PubMed Central

    Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Stoolmiller, Mike

    2009-01-01

    Background School readiness, conceptualized as three components including emotional self-regulation, social competence, and family/school involvement, as well as absence of conduct problems play a key role in young children’s future interpersonal adjustment and academic success. Unfortunately, exposure to multiple poverty-related risks increases the odds that children will demonstrate increased emotional dysregulation, fewer social skills, less teacher/parent involvement and more conduct problems. Consequently intervention offered to socio-economically disadvantaged populations that includes a social and emotional school curriculum and trains teachers in effective classroom management skills and in promotion of parent—school involvement would seem to be a strategic strategy for improving young children’s school readiness, leading to later academic success and prevention of the development of conduct disorders. Methods This randomized trial evaluated the Incredible Years (IY) Teacher Classroom Management and Child Social and Emotion curriculum (Dinosaur School) as a universal prevention program for children enrolled in Head Start, kindergarten, or first grade classrooms in schools selected because of high rates of poverty. Trained teachers offered the Dinosaur School curriculum to all their students in bi-weekly lessons throughout the year. They sent home weekly dinosaur homewrok to encourage parents’ involvement. Part of the curriculum involved promotion of lesson objectives through the teachers’ continual use of positive classroom management skills focused on building social competence and emotional self-regulation skills as well as decreasing conduct problems. Matched pairs of schools were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Results Results from multi-level models on a total of 153 teachers and 1,768 students are presented. Children and teachers were observed in the classrooms by blinded observers at the begining and the end of the school year. Results indicated that intervention teachers used more positive classroom management strategies and their students showed more social competence and emotional self-regulation and fewer conduct problems than control teachers and students. Intervention teachers reported more involvement with parents than control teachers. Satisfaction with the program was very high regardless of grade levels. Conclusions These findings provide support for the efficacy of this universal preventive curriculum for enhancing school protective factors and reducing child and classroom risk factors faced by socio-economically disadvantaged children. PMID:18221346

  5. A Developmental Perspective for High School Practitioners On College and Workplace Readiness. Research Brief. Publication #2009-23

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lippman, Laura; Whitney, Camille

    2009-01-01

    What skills and competencies do high school students need to master for future success? And what can high schools do to develop these skills? Research on skills has tended to focus either on college readiness or on workplace readiness, often in isolation and frequently without reference to what the broader field of youth development tells us…

  6. Preparing Our Children To Learn. Report of the Select Committee on California Children's School Readiness and Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Wilma

    This report of the Select Committee on California Children's School Readiness and Health, established in 2001, examines the relationship between the status of a child's health and its impact on school readiness and achievement. The report is intended to promote and facilitate continued dialogue, exploration, and research on student health and…

  7. Hispanic Preschoolers' School Readiness: A Study Examining the Impact of Cultural, Social-Emotional, and Sociodemographic Factors

    E-print Network

    Avila Brizuela, Leonor

    2012-02-14

    readiness. A total of 162 children ages 3 to 5 years old were assessed by a school readiness measure in a Head Start program in central Texas. Children were assessed during the first 45 days of school. Teachers and caregivers completed a social...

  8. A Review of Methods and Instruments Used in State and Local School Readiness Evaluations. Issues & Answers. REL 2007-No. 004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Glyn; Scott-Little, Catherine; Amwake, Lynn; Wynn, Lucy

    2007-01-01

    The report provides detailed information about the methods and instruments used to evaluate school readiness initiatives, discusses important considerations in selecting instruments, and provides resources and recommendations that may be helpful to those who are designing and implementing school readiness evaluations. Study results indicate that…

  9. School Environment and Academic Achievement of Standard IX Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, A. S. Arul; Vimala, A.

    2012-01-01

    The present study School Environment and Academic Achievement of standard IX students was probed to find the relationship between School Environment and Academic Achievement of standard IX students. Data for the study were collected using self-made School Environment Scale (SES). The investigator used stratified random sampling technique for…

  10. Adolescent Health Behavior, Contentment in School, and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Allegrante, John P.; Helgason, Asgeir R.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To examine the association between health behavior indicators, school contentment, and academic achievement. Methods: Structural equation modeling with 5810 adolescents. Results: Our model explained 36% of the variance in academic achievement and 24% in school contentment. BMI and sedentary lifestyle were negatively related to school

  11. Michigan Ross School of Business Enriching Academics in Collaboration with High Schools

    E-print Network

    Awtar, Shorya

    , finance, investment banking, supply chain, strategy, consulting, entrepreneurship and general managementMichigan Ross School of Business Enriching Academics in Collaboration with High Schools (MREACH

  12. Family income, school attendance, and academic achievement in elementary school.

    PubMed

    Morrissey, Taryn W; Hutchison, Lindsey; Winsler, Adam

    2014-03-01

    Low family income is associated with poor academic achievement among children. Higher rates of school absence and tardiness may be one mechanism through which low family income impacts children's academic success. This study examines relations between family income, as measured by receipt of free or reduced-price lunch, school attendance, and academic achievement among a diverse sample of children from kindergarten to 4th grade (N = 35,419) using both random and within-child fixed-effects models. Generally, results suggest that the receipt of free or reduced-price lunch and duration of receipt have small but positive associations with school absences and tardies. Poor attendance patterns predict poorer grades, with absences more associated with grades than tardies. Given the small associations between receipt of free or reduced-price lunch and school attendance, and between the duration of receipt of free or reduced-price lunch and children's grades, results do not provide strong evidence that absences and tardies meaningfully attenuate relations between the duration of low family income and student achievement; poorer attendance and persistent low income independently predict poorer grades. Implications for policy and future research are discussed. PMID:23914750

  13. College-Readiness Rates in Texas: A Statewide, Multiyear Study of Ethnic Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Wally; Slate, John R.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we examined the college-readiness rates of Black, Hispanic, and White Texas public high school graduates using archival data from the Texas Education Agency Academic Excellence Indicator System. An examination of the state college-readiness rates across a 3-year period was conducted to determine the extent to which academic

  14. College and Career Readiness for Gifted African American Girls: A Call to School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayes, Renae D.; Hines, Erik M.

    2014-01-01

    Current literature on college and career readiness highlights the role of educators in promoting the success of all students. However, few studies have focused on the specific needs of gifted African American girls. This article discusses the school experiences and career development of gifted African American girls and it provides a culturally…

  15. The power of genetic algorithm in automated assessment of school readiness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iyad Suleiman; Tamer Salman; Shang Gao; Faruk Polat; Maha Arslan; Reda Alhajj; Mick Ridley

    2010-01-01

    A major challenge that faces most families is effectively anticipating how ready to start school a given child is. Traditional tests are not very effective as they depend on the skills of the expert conducting the test. We argue that automated tools are more attractive especially when they are extended with games capabilities that would be the most attractive for

  16. Obesity-Related Hormones in Low-Income Preschool-Age Children: Implications for School Readiness

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Alison L.; Lumeng, Carey N.; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C.

    2014-01-01

    Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotion regulation skills important for school readiness. We investigated obesity-related hormones, body mass index (BMI), and school readiness in a pilot study of low-income preschoolers attending Head Start (participating in a larger parent study). We found that the adipokine leptin was related to preschoolers’ BMI z-score, the appetite-regulating hormones ghrelin and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), and pro-inflammatory cytokines typically associated with early life stress; and that some of these obesity-related biomarkers were in turn related to emotion regulation. Future work should evaluate how obesity may affect multiple domains of development, and consider modeling common physiological pathways related to stress, health, and school readiness. PMID:25302075

  17. School Readiness and Later Achievement: A French Canadian Replication and Extension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagani, Linda S.; Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Archambault, Isabelle; Janosz, Michel

    2010-01-01

    We first replicated the data analytic strategy used in Duncan et al. (2007) with a population-based data set of French-speaking children from Quebec (Canada). Prospective associations were examined between cognitive, attention, and socioemotional characteristics underlying kindergarten school readiness and second grade math, reading, and general…

  18. Relationships between Early Child Factors and School Readiness Skills in Young Children with Hearing Loss

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Marjorie; DesJardin, Jean L.; Shea, Lynn C.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this longitudinal study is to examine the relationships between early child factors (i.e., age at identification, enrollment in early intervention, oral language skills) and school readiness skills (i.e., conceptual knowledge) in a group of young children with hearing loss (HL). Standardized language, cognition, and conceptual…

  19. School Readiness Is about More than Knowing the ABC's and 123's

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Terrie

    2012-01-01

    Gaping disparities in educational achievement exist at kindergarten entry. Research indicates that school readiness requires a holistic approach directed by the pivotal question: What will allow babies to become successful learners? By understanding the real-life situations of babies and their families in the context of their communities and…

  20. High School Graduates' Perceptions of Senior Project and College and Work Readiness: A Mixed Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennacchia, Donna

    2010-01-01

    State testing or end-of-course exams are recommended to determine if high school graduates are ready to enter college or the workforce because these assessments are aligned to content area expectations and standards that are measurable within each state as well as from state to state (Achieve, 2006). However, such assessments do not measure all…

  1. Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the authors used data from a large longitudinal birth cohort study of primarily low-income children in urban areas, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), to investigate the effects of Head Start participation on children's school readiness. The fact that their sample was mainly made up of disadvantaged families…

  2. The Effect of Tennessee's Prekindergarten Programs on Young Children's School Readiness Skills: A Regression Discontinuity Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coburn, Jamie Lynn

    2009-01-01

    This study sought to explore the relationship between attendance in public prekindergarten programs and school readiness skills using regression discontinuity methodology. A sample of 179 students entering prekindergarten and 67 students entering kindergarten who had completed prekindergarten the previous year was collected with parental consent…

  3. Do Standard Measures of Preschool Quality Used in Statewide Policy Predict School Readiness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2014-01-01

    In the majority of states using Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) to improve children's school readiness, the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) is a core assessment of preschool program quality and is central to QRIS metrics and incentive structures. The present study utilizes nationally representative…

  4. Improving School Readiness: A Brief Report from the Palm Beach County Family Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spielberger, Julie; Gouvea, Marcia; Rich, Lauren

    2012-01-01

    For more than a decade, Florida's Palm Beach County has been building a system of prevention and early intervention services to promote and support the healthy development and school readiness of children from birth to age 8. The county began this effort with a set of programs focused on serving families in four targeted geographic areas that have…

  5. School Readiness and Early Intervention: An Emerging Model for Service Delivery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mogharreban, Catherine; Overbey, Gail; Parette, Phil; Pollina, Leslee; Shafaie, Sharokh; Zlokovich, Martha

    1997-01-01

    Presents a reconceptualization of developmental risk factors that may be related to school readiness, as well as an overview of Educare, a model of comprehensive rural service coordination in Missouri which is based on early risk identification assessment. Educare provides universal early intervention beginning at birth, risk assessment in…

  6. Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

    2011-01-01

    We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social…

  7. Predicting School Readiness for Low-Income Children with Disability Risks Identified Early

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Carta, Judith J.; Luze, Gayle; Eshbaugh, Elaine M.; Swanson, Mark

    2011-01-01

    This study examined school readiness at kindergarten entry for low-income children whose disability indicators were identified before age 3. Data were collected as part of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Longitudinal Follow-Up study. Children who had suspected developmental delays and did not receive Part C services had lower…

  8. Obesity-Related Hormones in Low-Income Preschool-Age Children: Implications for School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Alison L.; Lumeng, Carey N.; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C.

    2013-01-01

    Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotion…

  9. Teachers' Readiness for Promoting Learner Autonomy: A Study of Japanese EFL High School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakata, Yoshiyuki

    2011-01-01

    The present study aims to investigate teachers' readiness for promoting learner autonomy. It attempts to do so by exploring the perceived importance of and the use of strategies for promoting learner autonomy among Japanese high school teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL). The paper reports on the research findings from two studies, one…

  10. Child Care Subsidies and the School Readiness of Children of Immigrants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Anna D.; Han, Wen-Jui; Ruhm, Christopher J.; Waldfogel, Jane

    2014-01-01

    This study is the first to test whether receipt of a federal child care subsidy is associated with children of immigrants' school readiness skills. Using nationally representative data (n ˜ 2,900), this study estimates the associations between subsidy receipt at age 4 and kindergarten cognitive and social outcomes, for children of immigrant…

  11. Does the EDI Equivalently Measure Facets of School Readiness for Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muhajarine, Nazeem; Puchala, Chassidy; Janus, Magdalena

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the current paper was to examine the equivalence of the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher rating measure of school readiness, for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. The current study used an approach, which analyzes the structure and properties of the EDI at the subdomain level. Similar subdomain score distributions…

  12. Does the EDI Measure School Readiness in the Same Way across Different Groups of Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guhn, Martin; Gadermann, Anne; Zumbo, Bruno D.

    2007-01-01

    The present study investigates whether the Early Development Instrument (Offord & Janus, 1999) measures school readiness similarly across different groups of children. We employ ordinal logistic regression to investigate differential item functioning, a method of examining measurement bias. For 40,000 children, our analysis compares groups…

  13. Get College- and Career-Ready at a Vo-Tech High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demarest, Kathy K.; Gehrt, Victoria C.

    2015-01-01

    While talk abounds in the buzzword-happy education arena of what it means to develop students who are college and career ready, the author paints a portrait of a vocational-technical school district in northern Delaware that is actually doing both with its students, and has been for some 40 years. The vo-tech experience is not for students who…

  14. Contemplative Practices in Early Childhood: Implications for Self-Regulation Skills and School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Elizabeth; Dinehart, Laura H.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the development of self-regulation skills in early childhood and the possibilities of children's contemplative practices as a viable tool to facilitate this development. Current research indicates that self-regulation skills in early childhood education make a significant contribution to school readiness, and long-term…

  15. Construct Validity Evidence for Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition, Spanish Form Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz, Arlene; Clinton, Amanda; Schaefer, Barbara A.

    2015-01-01

    Convergent and discriminant validity evidence was examined for scores on the Spanish Record Form of the Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition (BSRA-3). Participants included a sample of 68 Hispanic, Spanish-speaking children ages 4 to 5 years enrolled in preschool programs in Puerto Rico. Scores obtained from the BSRA-3 Spanish Record…

  16. Mapping Fiscal Resources in South Hampton Roads Virginia to Support School Readiness. Regional Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finance Project, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In 2007, committees of key stakeholders in the five cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, Suffolk, Portsmouth, and Virginia Beach developed Collaborative Action Plans focused on key strategies to ensure that children in each city "arrive at kindergarten healthy and ready to succeed in school, and in life." With leadership from Smart Beginnings South…

  17. Family and Sociodemographic Predictors of School Readiness among African American Boys in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Claire E.; Cameron, Claire E.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Grissmer, David

    2012-01-01

    Research Findings: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, were used to examine the relation between parenting, sociodemographic characteristics, and school readiness among (N = 1,136) African American boys in kindergarten. Parenting was defined as parenting style (i.e., warmth and control), home learning…

  18. Exploring the Dimensionality of a Brief School Readiness Screener for Use with Latino/a Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Matthew; Rebelez, Jennica; Furlong, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This study contributed to the school readiness literature by examining the factor structure and reliability of a revised version of the Kindergarten Student Entrance Profile (KSEP). Teachers rated 579 Latino/a children during the first month of kindergarten using the KSEP. Factor analysis procedures (exploratory factor analysis [EFA] and…

  19. Center-Based Preschool and School Readiness Skills of Children from Immigrant Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Collins, Melissa; Miller, Portia

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: Children from immigrant families are more likely than children of native parents to start school with fewer of the academic skills that are important for long-term success, although evidence on behavioral skills is mixed. Center-based early education and care (EEC) programs, which have been linked to improvements in academic

  20. School Readiness Factors for Predicting High and Low Achieving Students in First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davion, Edward, Jr.

    2011-01-01

    When analyzed according to race and ethnicity, poverty level, parental education level, as well as other related factors in schools in America, academic achievement disparities negatively impact educational outcomes for poor children and children of color on a consistent basis. At all educational levels, academic achievement and attainments of…

  1. Biculturalism and Academic Achievement of African American High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rust, Jonathan P.; Jackson, Margo A.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Blumberg, Fran C.

    2011-01-01

    Biculturalism was examined as a factor that may positively affect the academic achievement of African American high school students, beyond cultural identity and self-esteem. Hierarchical regression analyses determined that cultural identity and academic self-esteem were important factors for academic achievement, but not biculturalism.…

  2. SAT Benchmarks: Development of a College Readiness Benchmark and Its Relationship to Secondary and Postsecondary School Performance. Research Report 2011-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Jeffrey; Kobrin, Jennifer; Wiley, Andrew; Camara, Wayne J.; Proestler, Nina

    2011-01-01

    The current study was part of an ongoing effort at the College Board to establish college readiness benchmarks on the SAT[R], PSAT/NMSQT[R], and ReadiStep[TM] as well as to provide schools, districts, and states with a view of their students' college readiness. College readiness benchmarks were established based on SAT performance, using a…

  3. The Chinese High School Student's Stress in the School and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

    2011-01-01

    In a sample of 466 Chinese high school students, we examined the relationships between Chinese high school students' stress in the school and their academic achievements. Regression mixture modelling identified two different classes of the effects of Chinese high school students' stress on their academic achievements. One class contained 87% of…

  4. The Relationships Among School Types, Teacher Efficacy Beliefs, and Academic Climate: Perspective from Asian Middle Schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wan Har Chong; Robert M. Klassen; Vivien S. Huan; Isabella Wong; Allison Diane Kates

    2010-01-01

    The authors explored how prior student achievement, through school types, predicted teacher self- and collective efficacy and perceived academic climate of 222 middle school teachers in Singapore. Teachers assigned to high-track and regular middle schools differed in their perception of self- and collective efficacy to promote organizational changes and student achievement, and of the academic climate of the school. Prior

  5. Investigating the Link between Home-School Dissonance and Academic Cheating among High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown-Wright, Lynda; Tyler, Kenneth M.; Stevens-Watkins, Danelle; Thomas, Deneia; Mulder, Shambra; Hughes, Travonia; Stevens-Morgan, Ruby; Roan-Belle, Clarissa; Gadson, Nadia; Smith, La Toya

    2013-01-01

    The current study examined the association between home-school dissonance and academic cheating among 344 high school juniors and seniors at two urban high schools. Students completed two subscales of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scale (PALS) and one subscale of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS). Analyses revealed that home-school

  6. Personality Type and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.

    2014-01-01

    Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school students…

  7. Dominican students' voices on academic success in a middle school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joanne Medina

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to identify factors that contributed to the academic success of high achieving Dominican middle school students in a public school in New York City. The factors examined included the role of parents, teachers, peers, and participants' perceptions of themselves (self-perceptions). The study also examined how first and second language proficiency impact on academic

  8. Graduate Students' Perspectives of Academic Positions in School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagle, Richard J.; Suldo, Shannon M.; Christenson, Sandra L.; Hansen, Anastasia L.

    2004-01-01

    An increasing number of vacancies in school psychology academic positions and the reduced number of applicants seeking to enter academia have created projected shortages in academe. The purpose of the current study was to determine perspectives of academia held by current school psychology graduate students, who are in line to become the next…

  9. A Study of the Advancement via Individual Determination (AVID) Program and Student Self-Efficacy and Academic Achievement: An Exploration with Middle and High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monachino, Kimberly S.

    2012-01-01

    This research study examined the impact of the Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) program on students' self-efficacy and academic achievement outcome measures at the middle and high school level. AVID is a college readiness system designed to prepare at-risk students in the fourth through 12th grade for college. The main focus of…

  10. Academic achievement in high school: does emotional intelligence matter?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James D. A. Parker; Ronald E. Creque; David L. Barnhart; Jan Irons Harris; Sarah A. Majeski; Laura M. Wood; Barbara J. Bond; Marjorie J. Hogan

    2004-01-01

    The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement in high school was examined. Students (N=667) attending a high school in Huntsville, Alabama completed the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i:YV). At the end of the academic year the EQ-i:YV data was matched with students’ academic records for the year. When EQ-i:YV variables were compared in groups who had achieved very different levels

  11. Determining the Effects of "Developing Readiness for Pre-School Children Via Television": A Title III Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lake Central School Corp., St. John, IN.

    This report attempts to measure the first year effects of a local television series designed to increase reading readiness. Kindergarten children enrolled in the Lake Central Schools were subjects for testing the effectiveness of the TV readiness program. Other evaluation inputs included kindergarten teacher rater judgements and a survey of Lake…

  12. Investing in Collaboration: Preservice Special Educators and Their Readiness for Home School Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latunde, Yvette; Louque, Angela

    2012-01-01

    Home-school collaborations offer the promise of increased social and academic outcomes for students with disabilities. This qualitative study examines the practices of 25 preservice special education teachers and their implementation of state standards to collaborate with families of children with disabilities in schools during student teaching.…

  13. Will I Be Ready as an Administrator for School Emergencies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Llewellyn, Pamela Easton

    2004-01-01

    This article presents a case study designed for use in educational leadership courses to heighten awareness of what is required of tomorrow's principals when it comes to assuming ultimate responsibility for student safety. Since the Columbine High School shootings in Littleton, Colorado, in April 1999, many other incidents of students bringing…

  14. Early Home Intervention to Promote School Readiness: A Turkish Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bekman, Sevda

    2004-01-01

    The paper presents the results of an evaluation research that studied the impact of a nationwide home intervention program, the Mother-Child Education Program, on both children and mothers immediately after the termination of the program and at the end of the children's first year of formal schooling. A pre/post control group quasiexperimental…

  15. Are Your Schools Ready for the 21st Century?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasilakis, John N.

    1990-01-01

    Although changes in instructional technology and population growth are the usual reasons school districts approach master planning as a tool for identifying and managing these changes, environmental concerns (like asbestos abatement and radon identification) play a role. A dozen tips for developing a master plan are provided. (MLH)

  16. School readiness gains made by ethnically diverse children in poverty attending center-based childcare and public school pre-kindergarten programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adam Winsler; Henry Tran; Suzanne C. Hartman; Amy L. Madigan; Louis Manfra; Charles Bleiker

    2008-01-01

    Although intensive early childhood interventions and high quality preschool programs have been shown to foster children's school readiness, little is known about the school readiness gains made by ethnically and linguistically diverse children in poverty receiving subsidies to attend center-based childcare or those in public school pre-kindergarten programs. Within the context of a large-scale, university–community applied research and evaluation project,

  17. The Effects of School Bonding on High School Seniors' Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, Julia; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Gaenzle, Stacey; Kim, Jungnam; Lin, Chia-Huei; Na, Goeun

    2012-01-01

    The authors examine the effects of school bonding on academic achievement (measured by math achievement scores) in a sample of 12th graders from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (Ingels, Pratt, Rogers, Siegel, & Stutts, 2005). Components of school bonding have proximal and distal effects on academic achievement. Attachment to school and…

  18. Academic optimism and community engagement in urban schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Misty M. Kirby; Michael F. DiPaola

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships among academic optimism, community engagement, and student achievement in urban elementary schools across one district. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected from all 35 urban elementary schools across one district in Virginia, USA. Correlation, multiple regression, and factor analyses were used to test the hypotheses. Findings – In schools

  19. School Counselors' Perceptions of Their Academic Preparedness and Job Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman-Scott, Emily

    2015-01-01

    School counselors are trained in academic preparation programs for future job activities. However, job expectations taught in such programs can differ from actual school counseling activities. This article reports the findings of a national survey of school counselors' (N = 1,052) perceived preparation and practice.

  20. The Academic Resilience of Mexican American High School Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rosemary Gonzalez; Amado M. Padilla

    1997-01-01

    This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the academic resilience and achievement among Mexican American high school students. High-and low-achieving students were selectedfrom a database that included 2,169 Mexican American students in three California high schools. Resilient students (N = 133) reported receiving mostly A grades in high school, whereas nonresilient students (N = 81) reported mostly grades

  1. Chinese high school students' academic stress and depressive symptoms: gender and school climate as moderators.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

    2012-10-01

    In a sample of 368 Chinese high school students, the present study examined the different effects of Chinese high school students' academic stress on their depressive symptoms and the moderating effects of gender and students' perceptions of school climate on the relationships between their academic stress and depressive symptoms. Regression mixture model identified two different kinds of subgroups in the effects of students' academic stress on their depressive symptoms. One subgroup contained 90% of the students. In this subgroup, the students' perceptions of academic stress from lack of achievement positively predicted their depressive symptoms. For the other 10% of the students, academic stress did not significantly predict their depressive symptoms. Next, multinomial regression analysis revealed that girls or students who had high levels of achievement orientation were more likely to be in the first subgroup. The findings suggested that gender and students' perceptions of school climate could moderate the relationships between Chinese high school students' academic stress and their depressive symptoms. PMID:22190389

  2. College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapa, Marisa; Galvan-De Leon, Vanessa; Solis, Judith; Mundy, Marie-Anne

    2014-01-01

    During the 79th Texas Legislature, the bill "Advancement of College Readiness in Curriculum" was passed (THECB). As a response to this, high schools and colleges have combined forming an early college high school. The result of this union was a program that condensed the time it took to complete both the high school diploma and up to two…

  3. Academic Success Among Students at Risk for School Failure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeremy D. Finn; Donald A. Rock

    1997-01-01

    A sample of 1, 803 minority students from low-income homes was classified into 3 groups on the basis of grades, test scores, and persistence from Grade 8 through Grade 12; the classifications were academically successful school completers (\\

  4. Integrating School Counseling Core Curriculum into Academic Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozlowski, Kelly A.

    2013-01-01

    Research indicates that the social and emotional well being of students impacts academic outcomes; however, due to a limited amount of class time, the counseling core curriculum that addresses these needs often takes a back seat to academic learning. This article proposes a paradigm shift where teachers and school counselors collaborate to…

  5. Academic Vocabulary and Middle School English Learners: An Intervention Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Dianna; Collins, Penny

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this experimental intervention study was to determine if evidence-based instructional strategies for general vocabulary words are effective with middle school English learner (EL) students and academic vocabulary words. Participants showed significantly more growth in their knowledge of academic vocabulary during the treatment…

  6. Sociodemographic Moderators of Middle School Transition Effects on Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akos, Patrick; Rose, Roderick A.; Orthner, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    The academic impact of the transition from elementary to middle school has significant consequences for many early adolescents. This study examines academic growth across the transition, as well as sociodemographic moderators. Rather than defining the transition effect as a decline in student achievement between fifth and sixth grade, these data…

  7. Essays on Academic Achievement and Student Behavior in Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moussa, Wael Soheil

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation examines the student academic achievement through various mechanisms, put in place by the public school district, classroom student behavior, and negative external shocks to the students' living environment. I examine the impacts of various treatments on student short and long run academic outcomes such as math and English…

  8. School racial composition and academic performance of african american students in an urban school district

    E-print Network

    Osagie, Andree O.

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the academic performance of economically disadvantaged African-American students attending schools with distinct racial composition in selected inner-city Texas high schools based...

  9. School Belonging, Educational Aspirations, and Academic Self Efficacy Among African American Male High School Students: Implications for School Counselors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. George McMahon; Carolyn F. Furlow

    While academic self-efficacy is widely considered an individual cognitive variable, it may be influenced by a sense of belonging and connection to others in the school community. Using a correlation and multiple regression design, the study in this article examined the relationship between perceptions of school belonging, educational aspirations, and academic self-efficacy among 40 African American male high school stu-

  10. Effects of Parent Expectations and Involvement on the School Readiness of Children in Head Start 

    E-print Network

    Cook, Krystal Tisha'

    2010-10-12

    Page Figure 1.1 Conceptual Model ............................................................................. 4 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION There is a consensus among professionals in the school psychology field that a child?s home..., 2006). Parent involvement in academic activities is an asset for children through their school tenure. From early in a child?s development, parenting variables such as teaching children basic literacy skills, promoting play, and holding high...

  11. Tracking 2003 ACT[R]-Tested High School Graduates: College Readiness, Enrollment, and Long-Term Success. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (2)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between multiple measures of college readiness and success in college. Outcomes included enrollment in college immediately after high school, retention in college, and degree completion. College readiness indicators at time of high school graduation included ACT[R] scores and Benchmark attainment, high school

  12. Longitudinal Analysis of Chinese High School Student's Stress in School and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

    2011-01-01

    In previous research, few studies have examined the effects of adolescents' stress in school on the change rates of their academic achievement. In the present study, we seek to examine the longitudinal relationships between adolescents' stress in school and the change rates of their academic achievement. The results indicated that for those whose…

  13. The Gap between Influence and Efficacy: College Readiness Training, Urban School Counselors, and the Promotion of Equity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savitz-Romer, Mandy

    2012-01-01

    This phenomenological study presents 11 urban school counselors' perceptions of their graduate education in school counseling in relation to their engagement in college readiness counseling with low-income, 1st-generation college-bound students. Findings from 2 rounds of interviews suggest that intentional strategies to integrate postsecondary…

  14. States Acting to Raise Bar on High School Skills: Push to Boost Readiness Taking Hold, Survey Finds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2006-01-01

    States are moving to close the gap between high school preparation and college and workforce readiness, but momentum is far greater in some policy areas than in others, a 50-state survey shows. At the National Education Summit on High Schools, state governors agreed to a broad set of actions needed to address the gap. Those include raising…

  15. Counselors as Policy Actors: Challenges to Systemic Involvement in College and Career Readiness Policy in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone-Johnson, Corrie

    2015-01-01

    Enacting college and career readiness policy in secondary schools requires systemic involvement of all school professionals, but identifying the specific roles that should be played by teachers and counselors remains a challenge. The study reported in this article used qualitative interviews with counselors and teachers to describe this challenge…

  16. Mexican Mothers' English Proficiency and Children's School Readiness: Mediation through Home Literacy Involvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Claire E.

    2014-01-01

    Research Findings: Home literacy involvement (e.g., shared book reading) has been linked to enhanced cognitive development and school readiness during early childhood. Furthermore, precursory reading and math skills are key predictors of high school achievement. This study examined prospective relations between Mexican mothers' English…

  17. Ready To Read: Laying the Foundation for School Success. Satellite Town Meeting #77 (March 20, 2001). [Videotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This videotape (in either VHS of 3/4 inch format) presents an interactive teleconference where renowned national experts, local educators, and community leaders share ideas on how to improve schools and reach the National Educational Goals. This 60-minute Satellite Town Meeting focuses on laying the foundation for school success through readiness

  18. Ready To Read: Laying the Foundation for School Success. Satellite Town Meeting #77: March 20, 2001. Spanish Language Version. [Videotape].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This interactive teleconference (in VHS format, Spanish language version) presents renowned national experts, local educators, and community leaders who share ideas on how to improve schools and reach the National Educational Goals. The 60-minute Satellite Town Meeting focuses on laying the foundation for school success through readiness to read.…

  19. The Family and Child Education (FACE) Program and School Readiness: A Structural Model Approach in An American Indian Reservation Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfannenstiel, Judy; Lente-Jojola, Debbie

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of the Family and Child Education (FACE) prekindergarten program on school readiness. The FACE program is located in Bureau of Indian Education-funded schools on some of the most rural American Indian (AI) reservations in the United States. It explicitly integrates the language and culture of the communities in…

  20. "Give Them Time" -- An Analysis of School Readiness in Ireland's Early Education System: A Steiner Waldorf Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Doireann; Angus, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines a Steiner Waldorf Perspective to School Readiness and applies that international ideology to educational practice and curriculum policy in modern Ireland. The case for a later school start is championed with strong arguments underpinning the reasons why a later start is better in the long run for children's formal learning…

  1. Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

    2012-01-01

    There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compare…

  2. The Relationship between School Absence, Academic Performance, and Asthma Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moonie, Sheniz; Sterling, David A.; Figgs, Larry W.; Castro, Mario

    2008-01-01

    Background: Children with asthma experience more absenteeism from school compared with their nonasthma peers. Excessive absenteeism is related to lower student grades, psychological, social, and educational adjustment. Less is known about the relationship between the presence of asthma and the academic achievement in school-aged children. Since…

  3. Helping Students Improve Academic Achievement and School Success Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brigman, Greg; Campbell, Chari

    2003-01-01

    This article describes a study evaluating the impact of school-counselor-led interventions on student academic achievement and school success behavior. A group counseling and classroom guidance model called student success skills (SSS) was the primary intervention. The focus of the SSS model was on three sets of skills identified in several…

  4. Academic Outcomes in School Classes with Markedly Disruptive Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bru, Edvin

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present research is to investigate the degree to which average academic outcomes in secondary school classes are associated with the inclusion of markedly disruptive pupils. Findings are based on two separate studies among pupils in Norwegian secondary schools. The first study included a relatively large sample of 2,332 pupils from…

  5. Conceptualizing Academic Norms in Middle School: A Social Network Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Meghan P.; Cappella, Elise

    2015-01-01

    A wide body of research has documented the relationship between social norms and individual behaviors. There is growing evidence that academic behaviors in early adolescence--when most children begin middle school--may be subject to normative influence as well. However, the structure and composition of peer relationships within middle schools have…

  6. Sport Activities Versus Academic Achievement For Rural High School Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Feng S. Din

    A study was conducted to determine whether participating in sport activities had any impact on students' academic achievement in rural high schools. The participating students (N=225) were selected from four rural high school districts. The participants' immediate pre-season grades in English, math, science and social science were compared with their immediate postseason grades in the same courses. The independent variable

  7. Differentiating Instruction in Response to Student Readiness, Interest, and Learning Profile in Academically Diverse Classrooms: A Review of Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson, Carol Ann; Brighton, Catherine; Hertberg, Holly; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Moon, Tonya R.; Brimijoin, Kay; Conover, Lynda A.; Reynolds, Timothy

    2003-01-01

    Both the current school reform and standards movements call for enhanced quality of instruction for all learners. Recent emphases on heterogeneity, special education inclusion, and reduction in out-of-class services for gifted learners, combined with escalations in cultural diversity in classrooms, make the challenge of serving academically

  8. 34 CFR 200.10 - Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools and private school students.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools...EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private...

  9. Head Start Participation and School Readiness: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort December 10, 2012

    PubMed Central

    Lee, RaeHyuck; Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane

    2014-01-01

    Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n ? 6,950), a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001, we examined school readiness (academic skills and socio-emotional wellbeing) at kindergarten entry for children who attended Head Start compared to those who experienced other types of child care (prekindergarten, other center-based care, other non-parental care, or parental care). Using propensity score matching methods and OLS regressions with rich controls, we found that Head Start participants had higher early reading and math scores than children in other non-parental care or parental care, but also higher levels of conduct problems than those in parental care. Head Start participants had lower early reading scores compared to children in prekindergarten, and had no differences in any outcomes compared to children in other center-based care. Head Start benefits were more pronounced for children who had low initial cognitive ability or low-educated parents, or attended Head Start for more than 20 hours per week. PMID:23527496

  10. An Investigation of a Model of Academic Motivation for School Counseling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Scheel; Jaime Gonzalez

    A theoretical model of academic motivation consisting of (a) academic self-efficacy, (b) purposefulness and intentionality, and (c) support through school counsel- ing for autonomous learning was explored with 346 high school juniors. Regression analysis indicated aca- demic self-efficacy and utilization of school counseling to be significant predictors of academic motivation after controlling for previous school performance. A second regression analysis

  11. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year One Evaluation Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloney, Catherine; Caranikas-Walker, Fanny; Sheehan, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities and…

  12. Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Two Evaluation Report. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloney, Catherine; Sheehan, Daniel; Rainey, Katie; Whipple, Allyson

    2008-01-01

    The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities…

  13. Do Resources Matter? An Analysis of Instructional Spending on College Readiness Indicators in Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Treva

    2012-01-01

    Expectations and legislation have placed new accountability measures on educators to ensure that students are college ready upon high school graduation. Research was necessary to analyze the relationship between instructional spending and college readiness measures as reported on the Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS) in Texas. The…

  14. The Academic Experience of Male High School Students with ADHD

    PubMed Central

    Kent, Kristine M.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Yu, Jihnhee; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Biswas, Aparajita; Babinski, Dara E.; Karch, Kathryn M.

    2010-01-01

    This study compared the high school academic experience of adolescents with and without childhood ADHD using data from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS). Participants were 326 males with childhood ADHD and 213 demographically similar males without ADHD who were recruited at the start of the follow-up study. Data were collected yearly from parents, teachers and schools. The current study used assessment points at which the participants were currently in or had recently completed grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. Results indicated that adolescents with ADHD experienced significant academic impairment in high school relative to comparison adolescents, including lower overall and main academic subject grade point averages (GPA), lower levels of class placement (e.g. remedial vs. honors), and higher rates of course failure. In addition, teacher reports indicated that adolescents with ADHD completed and turned in a significantly lower percentage of assignments and were significantly less likely to be working up to their potential. Adolescents with ADHD were also significantly more likely to be absent or tardy during the academic year, and they were over eight times more likely than adolescents without ADHD to drop out of high school. These findings demonstrate that children with ADHD continue to experience severe academic impairment into high school. PMID:21103923

  15. Catholic Grade Schools and Academic Achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Sander

    1996-01-01

    The effect of a Catholic grade school education on the test scores of non-Hispanic whites is examined. Particular attention is given to the issue of selection into the Catholic grade school sector. It is shown that eight years in a Catholic grade school is associated with higher vocabulary, mathematics, and reading test scores. No Catholic grade school effect is found

  16. Keeping Academically Marginal Youth in School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alpert, Geoffrey; Dunham, Roger

    1986-01-01

    From among factors theoretically considered relevant to preventing school dropouts, empirical procedures identified five variables that predicted most of the variance among marginal youth: (1) extent of misbehavior in school; (2) belief in school's relevance to employment; (3) feelings of success in school; (4) parental monitoring of behavior; (5)…

  17. Are We Ready for Another Change? Digital Signatures Can Change How We Handle the Academic Record

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Thomas C.; Mohr, John

    2004-01-01

    In this electronic age, where information is digital and service is virtual, the registrar profession is changing rapidly to keep up with increasing standards and expectations. EDI and now XML standards enable system-to-system exchanges of academic records information. While many of the registrar's profession display student academic records under…

  18. Parents' Reports of the School Readiness of Young Children from the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2007. First Look. NCES 2008-051

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donnell, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    This report presents data on the school readiness of children in the United States as reported by their parents. This report incorporates basic demographic information about the children, parent/guardian characteristics, and household characteristics. These data come from the School Readiness Survey (SR) of the 2007 National Household Education…

  19. Children Are Born Learning: Schools Must Make Ready to Celebrate and Nurture What Children Do--A SECA Public Policy Institute Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimensions of Early Childhood, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Discusses what schools, caregivers/teachers, parents, and communities can do to ensure/enhance children's learning and school readiness in accordance with the theoretical framework and eventual implementation of the 1990 National Education Goal 1. (BB)

  20. The Impact of School Management Strategies on Academic Achievement in Texas Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogundokun, Olubunmi K.

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzes the relationship between school management strategies and student's academic achievement, while controlling for factors such as the school principals' age, gender, experience, as well as school size and location, Student's Social Economics Status (SES), English as a Second Language learner's population…

  1. A Longitudinal Study of School Belonging and Academic Motivation across High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillen-O'Neel, Cari; Fuligni, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined how school belonging changes over the years of high school, and how it is associated with academic achievement and motivation. Students from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds participated ("N" = 572; age span = 13.94-19.15 years). In ninth grade, girls' school belonging was higher than boys'. Over the…

  2. The Relationships among School Types, Teacher Efficacy Beliefs, and Academic Climate: Perspective from Asian Middle Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chong, Wan Har; Klassen, Robert M.; Huan, Vivien S.; Wong, Isabella; Kates, Allison Diane

    2010-01-01

    The authors explored how prior student achievement, through school types, predicted teacher self- and collective efficacy and perceived academic climate of 222 middle school teachers in Singapore. Teachers assigned to high-track and regular middle schools differed in their perception of self- and collective efficacy to promote organizational…

  3. Academic Challenges: University and High School Partnerships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Univ., Long Beach. Office of the Chancellor.

    Five partnership programs between California State University (CSU) campuses and high schools are described. The programs seek to improve high school students' preparation for college, with emphasis on articulation between the content of high school courses and the level of student performance expected in introductory university courses in the…

  4. Learning through Play for School Readiness: A Training Program for Parents and Other Caregivers of Preschool Children. Learning Games To Strengthen Children's School Readiness Skills. [Videotape with Facilitator's Manual].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Jerome; Singer, Dorothy

    This video-based program trains parents and other child caregivers to engage 3- to 5-year-olds in simple, motivating learning games to strengthen cognitive, social, and motor school-readiness skills. The training materials consist of a manual for training facilitators and a training video demonstrating how to play each learning game with preschool…

  5. Looking Forward to High School and College: Middle Grade Indicators of Readiness in Chicago Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allensworth, Elaine M.; Gwynne, Julia A.; Moore, Paul; de la Torre, Marisa

    2014-01-01

    There is a very large population of students who struggle with the transition from the middle grades to high school, raising concerns that high school failures are partially a function of poor middle grade preparation. As a result, middle grade practitioners are grappling with questions about what skills students need to succeed in high school,…

  6. Learning how to be a student: an overview of instructional practices targeting school readiness skills for preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder.

    PubMed

    Fleury, Veronica P; Thompson, Julie L; Wong, Connie

    2015-01-01

    Due to difficulties associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), many children with ASD will require additional support to actively participate in classroom activities. Therefore, it is important that professionals who work with young children with ASD know what skills to teach and how to teach them. Using the recent evidence-based practice review conducted by the National Professional Development Center on ASD, we have identified studies that targeted school readiness behaviors which can have implications for academic skill development. In this article, we evaluate (a) the types of skills that have been taught to preschool children with ASD, (b) the strategies used to teach specific skills, and (c) other descriptive information, such as who delivered the intervention and the setting in which the intervention took place. We conclude by offering suggestions for future research and considerations for professional development. PMID:25261082

  7. Use of Academic Libraries by High School Students: Implications for Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen W. Craver

    1987-01-01

    This article presents a comprehensive review of the literature concerning use of academic libraries by high school students. Three types of literature are identified: (1) descriptive articles delineating either the problems or benefits related to the use of academic libraries by high school students: (2) research studies examining particular aspects of high school students' use of academic libraries; and (3)

  8. Academically Successful African American Male Urban High School Students' Experiences of Mattering to Others at School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Catherine; Dixon, Andrea; Griddine, Ke'Shana

    2010-01-01

    Mattering to others has been shown to be a key construct of mental health and wellness. Emerging research links interpersonal mattering and school climate. In this study, the authors use transcendental phenomenology to explore how interpersonal mattering impacts the academic achievement of urban African American males who are academically

  9. The Academic Experience of Male High School Students with ADHD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristine M. Kent; William E. Pelham Jr; Brooke S. G. Molina; Margaret H. Sibley; Daniel A. Waschbusch; Jihnhee Yu; Elizabeth M. Gnagy; Aparajita Biswas; Dara E. Babinski; Kathryn M. Karch

    2011-01-01

    This study compared the high school academic experience of adolescents with and without childhood ADHD using data from the\\u000a Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS). Participants were 326 males with childhood ADHD and 213 demographically similar\\u000a males without ADHD who were recruited at the start of the follow-up study. Data were collected yearly from parents, teachers\\u000a and schools. The current study

  10. Effects of Preschool Curriculum Programs on School Readiness. Report from the Preschool Curriculum Evaluation Research Initiative. NCER 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Research, 2008

    2008-01-01

    A variety of preschool curricula is available and in widespread use, however, there is a lack of evidence from rigorous evaluations regarding the effects of these curricula on children's school readiness. The lack of such information is important as early childhood center-based programs have been a major, sometimes the sole, component of a number…

  11. Parent Participation and Children's School Readiness: The Effects of Parental Self-Efficacy, Cultural Diversity and Teacher Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelletier, Janette; Brent, Julaine M.

    2002-01-01

    This study examined parent factors and teacher strategies fostering parent involvement and efficacy in a Canadian preschool intervention program in the Toronto area. Both English-as-a-second-language and English-speaking parent groups participated in school-based Parenting and Readiness Center programs with their 4-year-olds. Findings suggested…

  12. Collateral Benefits of the Family Check-Up on Early Childhood School Readiness: Indirect Effects of Parents' Positive Behavior Support

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erika S. Lunkenheimer; Thomas J. Dishion; Daniel S. Shaw; Arin M. Connell; Frances Gardner; Melvin N. Wilson; Emily M. Skuban

    2008-01-01

    The authors examined the longitudinal effects of the Family Check-Up (FCU) on parents' positive behavior support and children's school readiness competencies in early childhood. It was hypothesized that the FCU would promote language skills and inhibitory control in children at risk for behavior problems as an indirect outcome associated with targeted improvements in parents' positive behavior support. High-risk families in

  13. Self-Efficacy, Intrinsic Motivation, and Academic Outcomes among Latino Middle School Students Participating in an After-School Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niehaus, Kate; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Adelson, Jill L.

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined how academic self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, and participation in an after-school program contributed to the academic achievement of Latino middle school students over the course of one school year. Participants were 47 Latino students in sixth through eighth grades who attended two public middle schools in…

  14. OFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

    E-print Network

    Puglisi, Joseph

    X181. Topics will include: An explanation of the new criteria for the Medical Center Line How Changes to referee solicitation letters The new Assistant Professors appointment term changes Attendance suggestions for topics. Please share your ideas with us by sending an email to Academic Affairs. #12;OFFICE

  15. OFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE

    E-print Network

    Kay, Mark A.

    . The C/E Professional Development Leave Program (with Jane Volk-Brew). 4. Open Forum Clinician://med.stanford.edu/academicaffairs/CEs/CE_benefitsSummary.pdf If you have questions concerning these programs, please contact Jane Volk-Brew in the Office of Academic

  16. Drinking, Socioemotional Functioning, and Academic Progress in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosnoe, Robert; Benner, Aprile D.; Schneider, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Secondary schools are sites of academic instruction but also contexts of socioemotional development, and the intertwining of these two functions has consequences for adolescents' future health and education. Drawing on nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 8,271), this study explored the…

  17. Tuition at Harvard Schools: 1992 -2012 Academic Medical/ Public

    E-print Network

    Tuition at Harvard Schools: 1992 - 2012 Academic Medical/ Public Year College GSAS Business Design,992 $40,017 $47,600 $47,500 $38,675 Compound Annual Growth Rates Medical/ Public College GSAS Business tuition was $35,790 for 2006 and $26,050 for 1999. SOURCE: ANNUAL TUITION PROPOSALS APPROVED

  18. School-Based Health Centers and Academic Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Assembly on School-Based Health Care, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Poor academic outcomes and high dropout rates are major concerns of educators, policy makers, and parents alike--and poor health severely limits a child's motivation and ability to learn. Recent research confirms that "health disparities affect educational achievement". Improving students' health is integral to education reform. "School-Based…

  19. The Academic Experience of Male High School Students with ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kent, Kristine M.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Yu, Jihnhee; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Biswas, Aparajita; Babinski, Dara E.; Karch, Kathryn M.

    2011-01-01

    This study compared the high school academic experience of adolescents with and without childhood ADHD using data from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS). Participants were 326 males with childhood ADHD and 213 demographically similar males without ADHD who were recruited at the start of the follow-up study. Data were collected yearly…

  20. Self-Esteem and Academic Behavior Among Elementary School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kugle, Cherry L.; Clements, Richard O.

    Research indicates that stability and level of self-esteem can provide information about other aspects of behavior. The relationship of stability of self-esteem to academic variables among elementary school students was examined in an effort to replicate and extend findings from a previous study. The hypotheses were concerned with the relationship…

  1. The Academic Achievement of Elite Athletes at Australian Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgakis, Steve; Evans, John Robert; Warwick, Leanne

    2015-01-01

    While sport and student-athletes have featured in the Australian education system since compulsory schooling, there has been no analysis to date of the link between academic achievement and elite student-athletes. However, this is in stark contrast to the United States of America (US), where student-athletes have been the subject of sustained…

  2. Hispanic Preschoolers' School Readiness: A Study Examining the Impact of Cultural, Social-Emotional, and Sociodemographic Factors 

    E-print Network

    Avila Brizuela, Leonor

    2012-02-14

    The Hispanic population is becoming increasingly prevalent in the United States, facing not only many sociodemographic risks, but academic risks as well. A large number of Hispanics are entering school unprepared to learn. ...

  3. The Relationship between Academic Placement and High School Academic Failure in Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Johnnie M.

    2012-01-01

    Social promotion is defined as the practice of allowing students who failed to meet performance standards and academic requirements the opportunity to pass on to the next grade with their peers. Although the A+ Educational Reform Act abolished the use of the practice, social promotion continues to occur in numerous school districts across one…

  4. School Violent Crime and Academic Achievement in Chicago.

    PubMed

    Burdick-Will, Julia

    2013-10-01

    Educational outcomes vary dramatically across schools in the United States. Many under-performing schools, especially in Chicago, also deal with high levels of violent crime on school grounds. Exposure to this type of frequent violence may be an important factor shaping already disadvantaged students' educational experiences. However, estimating the effect of school violence on learning is difficult due to potential selection bias and the confounding of other school-level problems. Using detailed crime data from the Chicago Police Department, complete administrative records from the Chicago Public Schools, and school climate surveys conducted by the Consortium on Chicago School Research (2002-10), this study exploits variation in violent crime rates within schools over time to estimate its effect on academic achievement. School and neighborhood fixed-effects models show that violent crime rates have a negative effect on test scores, but not on grades. This effect is more likely related to direct reductions in learning, through cognitive stress and classroom disruptions, than changes in perceived safety, general school climate, or discipline practices. PMID:24259755

  5. School Violent Crime and Academic Achievement in Chicago*

    PubMed Central

    Burdick-Will, Julia

    2013-01-01

    Educational outcomes vary dramatically across schools in the United States. Many under-performing schools, especially in Chicago, also deal with high levels of violent crime on school grounds. Exposure to this type of frequent violence may be an important factor shaping already disadvantaged students’ educational experiences. However, estimating the effect of school violence on learning is difficult due to potential selection bias and the confounding of other school-level problems. Using detailed crime data from the Chicago Police Department, complete administrative records from the Chicago Public Schools, and school climate surveys conducted by the Consortium on Chicago School Research (2002–10), this study exploits variation in violent crime rates within schools over time to estimate its effect on academic achievement. School and neighborhood fixed-effects models show that violent crime rates have a negative effect on test scores, but not on grades. This effect is more likely related to direct reductions in learning, through cognitive stress and classroom disruptions, than changes in perceived safety, general school climate, or discipline practices. PMID:24259755

  6. Schools, School Quality and Academic Achievement: Evidence from the Philippines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marigee Bacolod; Justin Tobias

    2005-01-01

    A broad literature seeks to assess the importance of schools, proxies for school quality, and family background on children's achievement growth using the education production function. Using rich data from the Philippines, we introduce and estimate a model that imposes little structure on the relationship between intake achievement and follow-up achievement and evaluate school performance based on this estimated relationship.

  7. Inequality in School Readiness and Autism among 6-Year-Old Children across Iranian Provinces: National Health Assessment Survey Results

    PubMed Central

    Amiri, Masoud; Kelishadi, Roya; Motlagh, Mohammad-Esmaeil; Taslimi, Mahnaz; Dashti, Marziyeh; Aminaee, Tahereh; Ardalan, Gelayol; Poursafa, Parinaz

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess the national inequality of school readiness and autism among 6-year-old Iranian children before school entry using a national health assessment survey. Methods In a cross-sectional nationwide survey, all Iranian children entering public and private elementary schools were asked to participate in a mandatory national screening program in Iran in 2009 in two levels of screening and diagnostic levels. Findings The study population consisted of 955388 children (48.5% girls and 76.1% urban residents). Of the whole children, 3.1% of the 6-year-old children had impaired vision. In addition, 1.2, 1.8, 1.4, 7.6, 0.08, 10, 10.9, 56.7, 0.7, 0.8 and 0.6 percent had color blindness, hearing impaired, speech disorder, school readiness, autism, height to age retardation, body mass index extremes, decayed teeth, disease with special needs, spinal disorders, and hypertension, respectively. The distribution of these disorders was unequally distributed across provinces. Conclusion Our results confirmed that there is an inequality in distribution of school readiness and autism in 6-year-old children across Iranian provinces. The observed burden of these distributions among young children needs a comprehensive national policy with evidence-based province programs to identify the reason for different inequality among provinces. PMID:23550225

  8. 25 CFR 39.801 - What is the formula to determine the amount necessary to sustain a school's academic or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...amount necessary to sustain a school's academic or residential program? 39.801...Determining the Amount Necessary To Sustain an Academic or Residential Program § 39.801...amount necessary to sustain a school's academic or residential program? (a)...

  9. 25 CFR 39.801 - What is the formula to determine the amount necessary to sustain a school's academic or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...amount necessary to sustain a school's academic or residential program? 39.801...Determining the Amount Necessary To Sustain an Academic or Residential Program § 39.801...amount necessary to sustain a school's academic or residential program? (a)...

  10. Coordinated School Health Programs and Academic Achievement: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Nancy G.; Low, Barbara J.; Hollis, Christine; Cross, Alan W.; Davis, Sally M.

    2007-01-01

    Background: Few evaluations of school health programs measure academic outcomes. K-12 education needs evidence for academic achievement to implement school programs. This article presents a systematic review of the literature to examine evidence that school health programs aligned with the Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) model improve…

  11. Schools that Overcome the Disparities of Academic Achievements among Children: Searching for Japanese Effective Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shimizu, Kokichi

    2007-01-01

    We reported the major findings of our research based on our own academic achievement tests towards elementary school and junior high school pupils in 2002. We then pointed out the fact that the differences of achievement between social groups have been expanded. Nowadays, that issue is seen to be one of the most serious educational problems in…

  12. Middle School Transition Stress: Links with Academic Performance, Motivation, and School Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Sara E.; Boxer, Paul; Rudolph, Erin

    2015-01-01

    The present study investigates links between early adolescents' subjective experiences of stress associated with the middle school transition and their academic outcomes. Seventh and eighth grade students (N?=?774) were surveyed about their experiences during their transition to middle school. Students answered questions about stress…

  13. Reflections on academic careers by current dental school faculty.

    PubMed

    Rogér, James M; Wehmeyer, Meggan M H; Milliner, Matthew S

    2008-04-01

    During the inaugural year (2006-07) of the Academic Dental Careers Fellowship Program (ADCFP), 110 faculty members at ten different dental schools were interviewed by dental students who were participating as ADCFP fellows in this year-long program designed to introduce them to faculty roles and activities and help them gain an appreciation for the rewards and issues associated with academic life. The goals, format, and components of the ADCFP are described in a companion article in this issue of the Journal of Dental Education. One of the fellows' assignments during the ADCFP was to interview faculty at various academic ranks who had differing degrees of work emphasis in teaching, research, service/patient care, and administration. Sixty-nine (63 percent of the total) of these interviews were reviewed and analyzed by the authors, who were student fellows in the ADCFP during 2006-07. The purpose of these interviews was to provide the fellows with insight into the positive aspects and challenges in becoming and remaining a dental school faculty member. This aggregate perspective of the interviews conducted at ten dental schools highlights the motivations and challenges that confront a dentist during the process of choosing a career in academic dentistry and determining if dental education is a good fit for each individual who elects to pursue this pathway. Thematic analysis of the interviews revealed several factors consistently identified by faculty across the schools as being positive influences on the quality of the academic work environment and career satisfaction: mentorship and student interaction, opportunities for scholarship (research and discovery), job diversity, intellectual challenge, satisfaction with the nature of academic work, lifestyle/family compatibility, flexibility, lifelong learning, professional duty, and lab responsibility. A series of negative themes were also consistently identified: bureaucracy/administrative burdens and barriers, time commitment, financial frustration, political frustration, lack of mentorship, required research emphasis, lack of teaching skills development, student engagement, isolation, and funding uncertainty. This article reports the approximate frequency of each theme, presents representative statements that describe the motivations and attitudes of dental faculty members who were interviewed, and concludes with a review of programs/methods aimed at marketing academic careers to current students. The purpose of this review of the rewards, benefits, and challenges that current dental faculty face is to provide students who are considering dental education with a frame of reference to guide their further exploration of this career path and to help students appreciate the many positive aspects of academic life that may not be readily apparent from their own interactions with faculty members. PMID:18381851

  14. Observed Emotional and Behavioral Indicators of Motivation Predict School Readiness in Head Start Graduates.

    PubMed

    Berhenke, Amanda; Miller, Alison L; Brown, Eleanor; Seifer, Ronald; Dickstein, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Emotions and behaviors observed during challenging tasks are hypothesized to be valuable indicators of young children's motivation, the assessment of which may be particularly important for children at risk for school failure. The current study demonstrated reliability and concurrent validity of a new observational assessment of motivation in young children. Head Start graduates completed challenging puzzle and trivia tasks during their kindergarten year. Children's emotion expression and task engagement were assessed based on their observed facial and verbal expressions and behavioral cues. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that observed persistence and shame predicted teacher ratings of children's academic achievement, whereas interest, anxiety, pride, shame, and persistence predicted children's social skills and learning-related behaviors. Children's emotional and behavioral responses to challenge thus appeared to be important indicators of school success. Observation of such responses may be a useful and valid alternative to self-report measures of motivation at this age. PMID:21949599

  15. Long-Term Impacts of the Chicago School Readiness Project on Children's Behavior in Kindergarten: The Moderating Role of Child Baseline Characteristics and Kindergarten School Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Stephanie M.; Zhai, Fuhua; Raver, C. Cybele

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the long-term impact of participation in the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) during the Head Start year on children's behavioral outcomes at the end of their Kindergarten year. The primary questions addressed in the paper are: (1) What is the experimental impact of CSRP on two-year change (from Fall Head Start to…

  16. Trajectories of Chinese Students' Sense of School Belonging and Academic Achievement over the High School Transition Period

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

    2011-01-01

    The present study identified the different patterns of Chinese students' academic achievement trajectories over the high school transition period and examined the relationships between students' sense of school belonging trajectories and the different patterns of academic achievement trajectories. In a sample of 567 Chinese high school students, a…

  17. High School Predictors of College Readiness: Determinants of Developmental Course Enrollment and Second-Year Postsecondary Persistence in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garland, Marshall; LaTurner, Jason; Herrera, Angelica Ware; Ware, Anne; Jonas, Deborah; Dougherty, Chrys

    2011-01-01

    In 2007, the Virginia Board of Education directed the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) to study academic indicators that are associated with high school students' successful preparation for college and careers. VDOE then embarked on a multi-year effort to identify available data sources and conduct research on high school indicators that…

  18. Palama Settlement: Effect of the Academic-Athletic Program on Future School Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Social Welfare Development and Research Center.

    The hypothesis that participation in a Palama Settlement House after-school, academic-athletic program leads to an increase in academic performance in the targeted subject (math) in school is examined in this document. It is also of interest to know whether or not the program is reaching its target group of low academic achievers. A sample of…

  19. School District Size and Academic Performance: A Multi-Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenear, Bonnie Clariss

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of school district size on the academic performance of Texas students. Specifically addressed was the extent to which differences in school district size were related to differences in student academic performance. The academic performance of the three major ethnic groups (i.e., Black,…

  20. Assessing Effectiveness and Efficiency of Academic Interventions in School Psychology Journals: 1995-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bramlett, Ron; Cates, Gary L.; Savina, Elena; Lauinger, Brittni

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews research in the four major school psychology journals: "Journal of School Psychology," "Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology Quarterly," and "School Psychology Review." The function of the review was to provide school psychologists with a summary of academic interventions published through years 1995-2005, synthesize…

  1. Gender, Self-Perception, and Academic Problems in High School

    PubMed Central

    CROSNOE, ROBERT; RIEGLE-CRUMB, CATHERINE; MULLER, CHANDRA

    2010-01-01

    Given the increasing importance of education to socioeconomic attainment and other life course trajectories, early academic struggles can have long-term consequences if not addressed. Analysis of a nationally representative sample with official school transcripts and extensive data on adolescent functioning identified a social psychological pathway in this linkage between external feedback about early struggles and truncated educational trajectories. For girls, class failures absent of diagnosed learning disabilities engendered increasingly negative self-perceptions that, in turn, disrupted math and science course-taking, especially in family and peer contexts in which academic success was prioritized. For boys, diagnosed learning disabilities, regardless of class performance, engendered the same changes in self-perception and the same consequences of these changes for course-taking across family and peer contexts. These results reveal how ability labels and ability-related performance indicators come together to influence the long-term educational prospects of girls and boys attending mainstream schools in which the majority of students do not have learning disabilities or severe academic problems. Keywords: education, learning disability, academic failure, peers, and stigma. PMID:20216933

  2. Examining the validity of the family investment and stress models and relationship to children's school readiness across five cultural groups.

    PubMed

    Iruka, Iheoma U; Laforett, Doré R; Odom, Erika C

    2012-06-01

    Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) dataset, this study examined whether the family investment and the family stress models generalized to non-European American (EA) families. Specifically, we examined whether parenting processes mediated the association between family demographics and children's school readiness, and whether the pathways vary across cultural groups. Both models were most salient for EAs followed by African Americans (AAs) and Spanish-speaking Hispanics, but less so for English-speaking Hispanics (EHs) and Asian Americans. Findings indicated that sensitive parenting was a salient mediator between family demographics and children's school readiness for all groups except EHs; negative parenting and parent-child activities were salient mediators for EAs only. PMID:22545934

  3. Head Start and Urban Children’s School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities

    PubMed Central

    Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

    2011-01-01

    We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social competence and reduced attention problems but not reduced internalizing or externalizing behavior problems. These findings were robust to model specifications (including models with city-fixed effects and propensity-scoring matching). Furthermore, the effects of Head Start varied by the reference group. Head Start was associated with improved cognitive development when compared with parental care or other nonparental care, as well as improved social competence (compared with parental care) and reduced attention problems (compared with other nonparental care). In contrast, compared with attendance at pre-kindergarten or other center-based care, Head Start attendance was not associated with cognitive gains but with improved social competence and reduced attention and externalizing behavior problems (compared with attendance at other center-based care). These associations were not moderated by child gender or race/ethnicity. PMID:21244155

  4. The Experience of Transitioning Two Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome in Academically Focused High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Roselyn M.; Tanner, Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    Adolescents with Asperger syndrome (AS) are increasingly being placed in academically focused high schools. These students, although academically able, may not be coping with the wider classroom and social demands of transition to, and within, the high school environment. Schools are keen to enroll these students. However, there appears to be a…

  5. The Psychosocial Functioning of High School Students in Academically Rigorous Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suldo, Shannon M.; Shaunessy-Dedrick, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    This cross-sectional study determined whether students who take part in academically challenging high school curricula experience elevated levels of stress and whether this stress co-occurs with psychological and/or academic problems. Data from self-report questionnaires and school records were collected from 480 students from four high schools.…

  6. Measuring Readiness to Respond to Intervention in Students Attending Disciplinary Alternative Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Angela D.; Booker, Kimberly W.; Strain, Jeffrey D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor structure, internal consistency, and reliability of the Readiness to Respond to Intervention Scale (RRIS), which is designed to assess adolescents' readiness to change. This measure is based on the Stage of Change Scale and assesses three stages of the Stage of Change Model (i.e.,…

  7. Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming State Dept. of Education, Cheyenne.

    Because children entering kindergarten come with a variety of preschool and home experiences, and accordingly, with varying levels of school readiness, the Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards have been developed to provide a more consistent definition of school readiness. The goal for the Standards is to provide early childhood educators…

  8. High School Predictors of College Readiness: Determinants of High School Graduates' Enrollment and Successful Completion of First-Year Mathematics and English College Courses in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonas, Deborah; Dougherty, Chrys; Herrera, Angelica Ware; LaTurner, Jason; Garland, Marshall; Ware, Anne

    2012-01-01

    In 2007, the Virginia Board of Education directed the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) to study academic indicators that are associated with high school students' successful preparation for college and careers. VDOE then embarked on a multi-year effort to identify available data sources and conduct research on high school indicators that…

  9. Relations between Student Perceptions of Their School Environment and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gietz, Carmen; McIntosh, Kent

    2014-01-01

    This study examined student perceptions of their school environment (specifically, safety and inclusion in the school, experiences being bullied, and clear expectations for behaviour) and their relation with academic achievement at the school level. Participants were students in 969 elementary schools and 73 middle schools who took part in a…

  10. Progress in Student Academic Achievement: Evaluation of New City Charter School in 2008-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gozali-Lee, Edith

    2010-01-01

    This report describes New City Charter School student achievement in the 2008-09 school year, the school's sixth operating year. The number of students enrolled in the school was 125, an increase from 60 students enrolled the first year of the school. Student academic achievement is measured using the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement…

  11. The Influence of Learner Readiness on Student Satisfaction and Academic Achievement in an Online Program at Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirmizi, Özkan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the self-perceptions of distance education learners in terms of learner readiness and to determine the predictors of satisfaction and success in distance education. Learner readiness consists of five sub-dimensions: (1) computer/internet self-efficacy, (2) self-directed learning, (3) learner control, (4)…

  12. Adolescent Academic Achievement and School Engagement: An Examination of the Role of School-Wide Peer Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Alicia Doyle; Lerner, Richard M.; Leventhal, Tama

    2013-01-01

    During adolescence, peer groups present an important venue for socializing school-related behaviors such as academic achievement and school engagement. While a significant body of research emphasizes the link between a youth's immediate peer group and academic outcomes, the current manuscript expands on this idea, proposing that, in addition to…

  13. Promoting Safe Schools and Academic Success: Moving Your School from Punitive Discipline to Effective Discipline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olley, Rivka I.; Cohn, Andrea; Cowan, Katherine C.

    2010-01-01

    Effective discipline is essential to creating safe, supportive learning environments for all students, which is critical to academic achievement. Since the passage of zero tolerance policies in the early 1990s, many school districts have relied on punitive discipline focused on harsh strategies such as using suspension and expulsion as primary…

  14. Creating Change in Academic Self-Concept and School Behavior in Alienated Secondary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeeman, Roger D.

    1982-01-01

    A described intervention evaluates the effect of both a psychology course and the active service component of tutoring upon alienated underachieving adolescents and the elementary school pupils who receive their services. Results indicate that both the class and tutoring effectively improved the academic self-concept of the students. (Author/PN)

  15. The Condition of College Readiness, 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2009

    2009-01-01

    Since 1959, ACT has collected and reported data on students' academic readiness for college. Because becoming ready for college is a process that occurs throughout elementary and secondary education, measuring academic performance over time in the context of college readiness provides meaningful and compelling information about the college…

  16. The Condition of College & Career Readiness, 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    Since 1959, ACT has collected and reported data on students' academic readiness for college. Because becoming ready for college and career is a process that occurs throughout elementary and secondary education, measuring academic performance over time in the context of college and career readiness provides meaningful and compelling information…

  17. Adolescent academic achievement and school engagement: an examination of the role of school-wide peer culture.

    PubMed

    Lynch, Alicia Doyle; Lerner, Richard M; Leventhal, Tama

    2013-01-01

    During adolescence, peer groups present an important venue for socializing school-related behaviors such as academic achievement and school engagement. While a significant body of research emphasizes the link between a youth's immediate peer group and academic outcomes, the current manuscript expands on this idea, proposing that, in addition to smaller peer groups, within each school exists a school-wide peer culture that is comprised of two components (a relational and a behavioral component), each of which is related to individual academic outcomes. The relational component describes the aggregate of students' perceptions of the quality of peer relationships within each school. The behavioral component is an aggregate representation of students' actual behaviors in regard to academic tasks. We used data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, which surveyed 1,718 5th grade students (45.9 % male, 51.4 % White, 17.8 % Hispanic, 7.6 % African American) in 30 schools, to explore the idea that, during adolescence, the relational and behavioral components of a school's peer culture are related to students' academic achievement and school engagement. Results suggested that above and beyond a variety of individual, familial, peer, and school characteristics that have previously been associated with academic outcomes, aspects of behavioral peer culture are associated with individual achievement while components of both relational and behavioral peer culture are related to school engagement. Implications for future research are discussed. PMID:23076767

  18. Collective Responsibility, Academic Optimism, and Student Achievement in Taiwan Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Hsin-Chieh

    2012-01-01

    Previous research indicates that collective efficacy, faculty trust in students and parents, and academic emphasis together formed a single latent school construct, called academic optimism. In the U.S., academic optimism has been proven to be a powerful construct that could effectively predict student achievement even after controlling for…

  19. An Examination of Academic Outcomes for Students Who Attend a School-Based Afterschool Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dreyer, Karen J.

    2010-01-01

    While most research on the benefits of afterschool programs has shown positive behavioral outcomes, the results on academic outcomes have been mixed. This study focused on academic outcomes to further explore whether students who regularly attended a school-based afterschool program showed greater academic gains than students who did not attend.…

  20. Home-School Differences in Beliefs, Support, and Control during Public Pre-Kindergarten and Their Link to Children's Kindergarten Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbarin, Oscar A.; Downer, Jason; Odom, Erica; Head, Darlene

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the prevalence of home-school match in childrearing beliefs and socialization practices (control and support) and their relation to ethnicity and readiness skills of children (n = 310) making the transition from publicly sponsored Pre-k to kindergarten. Home-school match was operationalized both as a continuous absolute measure…

  1. At-Risk Student Mobility in an Urban Elementary School: Effects on Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoho, Alan R.; Oleszewski, Ashley

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of at-risk student mobility on academic achievement in an urban elementary school. Math and reading scores from the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) of 172 third, fourth, and fifth grade students from an urban school district in South Central Texas were examined to determine whether…

  2. Using Socialization to Increase Academic Skills in a Pre-School Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Ashley N.

    2010-01-01

    Recent research has shown that students who enter kindergarten with prior academic knowledge are more successful later in their school careers. Yet, pre-school teachers face the problem of limited time in a day to focus on the academic skills of students, as well as work on their basic needs. The goal of this study was to find out if students can…

  3. Who's Using the Language? Supporting Middle School Students with Content Area Academic Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Dianna

    2015-01-01

    This mixed-methods study examines middle school students' academic language development in the context of a year-long professional development project titled, Developing Content Area Academic Language (DCAAL). The purpose of DCAAL was to partner middle school teachers (n = 8) with a team of university researchers to explore how to integrate…

  4. Promoting Academic Literacy with Technology: Successful Laptop Programs in K-12 Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warschauer, Mark; Grant, David; Del Real, Gabriel; Rousseau, Michele

    2004-01-01

    One of the main challenges that US schools face in educating English language learners is developing their academic literacy. This paper presents case studies of two K-12 schools that successfully employ high-technology environments, including laptop computers for each student, toward the development of English language learners' academic language…

  5. Temperament, School Adjustment, and Academic Achievement: Existing Research and Future Directions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hendawi, Maha

    2013-01-01

    Since the 1980s, research has been examining the role of temperament in education. In particular, academic achievement and school adjustment were among the first variables to be examined. Subsequently, several studies have documented associations between temperament and either academic achievement or school adjustment. However, no review of this…

  6. Elementary School Counselors' Motivation to Support Student Academic Achievement through Identified Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barna, Jennifer S.; Brott, Pamelia E.

    2012-01-01

    The researchers explored the relationship between elementary school counselors' motivational orientation, perceptions of importance and levels of implementation of Academic and Personal/Social Standards as a strategy for supporting academic achievement. Responses from 212 elementary school counselors confirm both types of Standards as being highly…

  7. International Note: Between-Domain Relations of Chinese High School Students' Academic Achievements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yangyang, Liu

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined the between-domain relations of Chinese high school students' academic achievements. In a sample of 1870 Chinese 10th grade students, the results indicated that Chinese high school students' academic achievements were correlated across nine subjects. In line with the previous Western findings, the findings suggested that…

  8. The Relationship between Principals' Leadership Characteristics and Academic Achievement of African American Males in Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landeau, Reginald H., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    The study evaluates the relationship between middle school principals' leadership characteristics and academic achievement of African American male students in grades 6, 7, and 8 in a large urban school district. Academic achievement is typically defined as the cognitive knowledge, skills, and abilities that are measured by achievement tests. The…

  9. 25 CFR 36.20 - Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar. 36.20 Section 36.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...36.20 Standard V—Minimum academic programs/school calendar. (a) If an emergency arises from an...

  10. Personal and Ecological Assets and Academic Competence in Early Adolescence: The Mediating Role of School Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Yibing; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

    2010-01-01

    Although the role of school engagement in influencing children's academic competence has been recognized in past theory and research, how school engagement may mediate the relationships between ecological and personal resources and academic competence remains largely unknown. Using structural equation modeling procedures, the present study was…

  11. RESEARCHCENTERS THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2011-2012 43

    E-print Network

    and population health research. Supporting these research endeavors is the Medical College's platform of advancedRESEARCHCENTERS THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2011-2012 43 Research Centers #12;44 THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2011

  12. Examining Levels of Alignment between School and Afterschool and Associations with Student Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Tracy Leeann

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, attention has been given to the academic impact of afterschool programs. Some schools collaborate with afterschool programs in an attempt to align the learning that occurs during the school day with the learning that occurs during afterschool hours, and thus maximize the potential to positively impact student academic achievement.…

  13. SUCCESSFUL AFRICAN-AMERICAN MATHEMATICS STUDENTS IN ACADEMICALLY UNACCEPTABLE HIGH SCHOOLS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PETER SHEPPARD

    This study sought to determine the reasons why successful math- ematics students have been able to thrive in schools labeled academically unacceptable and why they have chosen to stay in these academically unacceptable schools despite having the option to leave. Qualitative methods including group interviews, individual interviews, and open-ended questionnaires were used to address the above issues. The study involved

  14. Physical Fitness, Academic Achievement, and Socioeconomic Status in School-Aged Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coe, Dawn P.; Peterson, Thomas; Blair, Cheryl; Schutten, Mary C.; Peddie, Heather

    2013-01-01

    Background: This study examined the association between physical fitness and academic achievement and determined the influence of socioeconomic status (SES) on the association between fitness and academic achievement in school-aged youth. Methods: Overall, 1,701 third-, sixth-, and ninth-grade students from 5 school districts participated in the…

  15. Turning around Reading Achievement: Predictors of High School Students' Academic Resilience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappella, Elise; Weinstein, Rhona S.

    2001-01-01

    In a national, longitudinal database, factors were examined that enabled public school students on a path toward failure to significantly improve reading achievement by high school graduation. Being Caucasian and female, having an internal locus of control, and taking an academic curriculum independently predicted academic resilience.…

  16. Transitions to College: Academic Pathways from High School to the Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bragg, Debra D.

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the emergence of high school-to-college transition models, referred to as academic pathways, that regard community colleges as a primary partner for higher learning. It explores three academic pathways that deliberately partner secondary schools with community colleges. They are dual credit and dual enrollment, tech prep and…

  17. Establishment and Maintenance of Academic Optimism in Michigan Elementary Schools: Academic Emphasis, Faculty Trust of Students and Parents, Collective Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Hof, Jill

    2012-01-01

    In response to heightened standards and calls for accountability, schools have dramatically intensified their work to meet the growing challenges. Schools require strategies for improvement that will transcend demographic factors such as SES. Research has shown the construct of academic optimism as contributing to student achievement despite a…

  18. School Climate, Peer Victimization, and Academic Achievement: Results from a Multi-Informant Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Weijun; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Brittain, Heather L.; McDougall, Patricia; Krygsman, Amanda; Smith, David; Cunningham, Charles E.; Haltigan, J. D.; Hymel, Shelley

    2014-01-01

    School-level school climate was examined in relation to self-reported peer victimization and teacher-rated academic achievement (grade point average; GPA). Participants included a sample of 1,023 fifth-grade children nested within 50 schools. Associations between peer victimization, school climate, and GPA were examined using multilevel modeling,…

  19. Hierarchical Linear Modelling of Student and School Effects on Academic Achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xin Ma; Don A. Klinger

    2000-01-01

    Hierarchical linear modelling (HLM) and data from the New Brunswick School Climate Study were used to examine student background, school context, and school climate effects on Grade 6 student achievement in mathematics, science, reading, and writing. Gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and Native ethnicity were significant predictors of academic achievement. Schools showed the smallest variation in reading, the largest in mathematics.

  20. Pupils' Perceptions of Discipline and Academic Standards in Belgian Coeducational and Single-Sex Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brutsaert, Herman

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, single-sex and coeducational schools are compared in terms of pupils' perceptions of disciplinary and academic climates. Use was made of data from 68 secondary schools in Flanders (Belgium). Of these schools, 25 were mixed and 43 were single-sex (21 girls, and 22 boys, schools). Respondents were third-year students: 3370 girls and…

  1. The Early Entrance Option: Academic and Social/Emotional Outcomes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braymen, Rebecca K. F.; Piersel, Wayne C.

    1987-01-01

    Examines how early kindergarten entrants fare academically and socially/emotionally in their schooling. Screening procedures are used to identify children with exceptional ability and to eliminate from early entrance children likely to have adjustment difficulties. The screening battery includes measurements of academic readiness, social/emotional…

  2. Behavioral Regulation and Early Academic Achievement in Taiwan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shannon B. Wanless; Megan M. McClelland; Alan C. Acock; Fu-Mei Chen; Jo-Lin Chen

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: Behavioral regulation (the integration of attention, working memory, and inhibitory control) is critical for school readiness and early academic achievement. In Taiwan, however, where academic success is highly valued, there is a dearth of assessments available to measure young children's behavioral regulation. The present study examined the validity of a direct measure of behavioral regulation, the Head-to-Toes Task

  3. Removing Roadblocks to Rigor: Linking Academic and Social Supports to Ensure College Readiness and Success. Annotated Bibliography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savitz-Romer, Mandy; Jager-Hyman, Joie

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to identify and summarize research on the scope, characteristics and impact of academic and social support services for students. Several reports on academic rigor have also been included to establish a context for the importance of social and academic support. The bibliography is divided into five…

  4. Ready or Not: Recognizing and Preparing College-Ready Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Sheree E.; Wilson, Tonia J.; Dole, Janice A.

    2015-01-01

    Research shows that many students entering postsecondary education are unprepared for college reading demands. This article highlights college reading readiness according to four essential reading skills. We illustrate these skills by featuring vignettes of high school seniors who are college-ready and not college-ready. Then we contextualize the…

  5. The Differential Effects of School Tracking on Psychometric Intelligence: Do Academic-Track Schools Make Students Smarter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Michael; Ludtke, Oliver; Trautwein, Ulrich; Koller, Olaf; Baumert, Jurgen

    2012-01-01

    Prior research has shown that quantity of schooling affects the development of intelligence in childhood and adolescence. However, it is still debated whether other aspects of schooling--such as ability tracking or, more generally, school quality--can also influence intelligence. In this study, the authors analyzed intelligence gains in academic-…

  6. A Study of African American Male Students' Academic Achievement and School Attitude in an Urban Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamed, Roslyn J. F. Billy

    2013-01-01

    With the signing of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001, much emphasis has been placed on the accountability of schools and school districts to ensure higher academic achievement of all students. The achievement gap remains among African American male students in urban school districts. This purposed quantitative study explored the relationship…

  7. Academic Success for Students of Color . . . At What Cost? The Importance of School Context at Birch High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Terah T. Venzant; Tabron, Lolita A.

    2013-01-01

    Kiara, an African American rising freshman, has aspirations to become a medical doctor. She enrolls at Birch High School because of the reputation of the principal, Mr. Brown, whose vision for academic excellence permeates every corner of the school. Kiara graduates from high school with top honors, but realizes her success may have come at a…

  8. Root Shock Revisited: Perspectives of Early Head Start Mothers on Community and Policy Environments and Their Effects on Child Health, Development, and School Readiness

    PubMed Central

    McAllister, Carol L.; Thomas, Tammy L.; Green, Beth L.

    2009-01-01

    Racial differences in school readiness are a form of health disparity. By examining, from the perspective of low-income minority families participating in an Early Head Start study, community and policy environments as they shape and inform lived experiences, we identified several types of social and economic dislocation that undermine the efforts of parents to ready their children for school. The multiple dislocations of community triggered by housing and welfare reform and “urban renewal” are sources of stress for parents and children and affect the health and development of young children. Our findings suggest that racial differences in school readiness result not from race but from poverty and structural racism in American society. PMID:19059871

  9. Collateral benefits of the Family Check-Up on early childhood school readiness: indirect effects of parents' positive behavior support.

    PubMed

    Lunkenheimer, Erika S; Dishion, Thomas J; Shaw, Daniel S; Connell, Arin M; Gardner, Frances; Wilson, Melvin N; Skuban, Emily M

    2008-11-01

    The authors examined the longitudinal effects of the Family Check-Up (FCU) on parents' positive behavior support and children's school readiness competencies in early childhood. It was hypothesized that the FCU would promote language skills and inhibitory control in children at risk for behavior problems as an indirect outcome associated with targeted improvements in parents' positive behavior support. High-risk families in the Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition Program participated in a multisite preventive intervention study (N = 731) with 3 yearly assessments beginning at child age 2 years. Positive behavior support was measured using 4 indicators derived from at-home observations of parent-child interaction during semistructured tasks. Longitudinal structural equation models revealed that parents in families randomly assigned to the FCU showed improvements in positive behavior support from child age 2 to 3, which in turn promoted children's inhibitory control and language development from age 3 to 4, accounting for child gender, ethnicity, and parental education. Findings suggest that a brief, ecological preventive intervention supporting positive parenting practices can indirectly foster key facets of school readiness in children at risk. PMID:18999335

  10. Year-Round School versus Traditional School: The Impact of Academic Calendars on Student Achievement at Selected Elementary Schools in North Central South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay-Brown, Sandra J.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the impact that a year-round school calendar and a traditional school calendar may have on student achievement at selected elementary schools in North Central South Carolina. Specifically it investigated mean differences in academic achievement between elementary students at two year-round schools versus two traditional…

  11. A Capstone Project Using the Gap Analysis Model: Closing the College Readiness Gap for Latino English Language Learners with a Focus on School Support and School Counseling Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimenez, Evelyn

    2013-01-01

    This capstone project applied Clark and Estes' (2008) gap analysis framework to identify performance gaps, develop perceived root causes, validate the causes, and formulate research-based solutions to present to Trojan High School. The purpose was to examine ways to increase the academic achievement of ELL students, specifically Latinos, by…

  12. Penalties for academic dishonesty in a Greek dental school environment.

    PubMed

    Koletsi-Kounari, Haroula; Polychronopoulou, Argy; Reppa, Christina; Teplitsky, Paul E

    2011-10-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the opinions of the faculty and students of the University of Athens Dental School in Greece regarding the appropriate penalty for specific academic offenses. In addition, faculty and student opinions were compared. A questionnaire was distributed to officially registered seniors and full-time faculty members, and 177 individuals responded anonymously and voluntarily. The respondents were asked to select one from a set of nine penalties for each of fifteen hypothetical academic offenses and three cases with extenuating circumstances. Non-parametric Mann-Whitney U tests and a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, depending on the nature of variables, were used to detect significant differences in penalty scores between faculty and students. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The penalty scores for the fifteen offenses ranged from a mean of 2.23±1.55 to 7.25±2.64. Faculty respondents gave more severe penalties than students did for all offenses, and the finding was statistically significant (p<0.05) for eleven of the fifteen offenses. Where extenuating circumstances were added, the penalty selection altered in two of the three cases. A significantly more lenient penalty was selected by both faculty and students in these two cases. The results of this study suggest that faculty members are harsher than students for the same offenses and that extenuating circumstances can sometimes significantly change recommended penalties. PMID:22012783

  13. School Readiness of Children from Immigrant Families: Contributions of Region of Origin, Home, and Childcare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koury, Amanda S.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Children from immigrant families make up a growing proportion of young children in the United States. This study highlights the heterogeneity in early academic skills related to parental region of origin. It also considers the contributions of early home and nonparental care settings to the diversity in early academic performance. Using nationally…

  14. Ethnicity, Religion, and Academic Preparedness: A Comparative Analysis of Chinese Supplementary Secular Schools and Nonsecular Church-Affiliated Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Ming

    2014-01-01

    Little academic attention has been given to the supplementary education experience of immigrant students in the Canadian research literature, especially in a non-English speaking context such as Quebec. Yet these schools are important for understanding the influence of ethnicity as well as religion on the academic preparedness and social…

  15. Readiness for Change: Appropriation of External Resources in Two Urban Schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Srikala Naraian; Kathleen S. Brown; Virginia Navarro

    2011-01-01

    There are few instances in the literature on urban school reform that have closely studied specific school buildings to describe the grant resource appropriation process. This study attempts to fill that gap by developing case studies of two middle schools with divergent profiles in resource utilization through micro-ethnographies. One school exhibited optimal engagement with opportunities made available through a large

  16. The Effect of a Zoo-Based Experiential Academic Science Program on High School Students' Math and Science Achievement and Perceptions of School Climate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulkerrin, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 11th-grade and 12th-grade zoo-based academic high school experiential science program compared to a same school-district school-based academic high school experiential science program on students' pretest and posttest science, math, and reading achievement, and student perceptions of…

  17. Transition to Formal Schooling: Do Transition Practices Matter for Academic Performance?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahtola, Annarilla; Silinskas, Gintautas; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa; Kontoniemi, Marita; Niemi, Pekka; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2011-01-01

    This study examined whether the transition practices implemented in preschool-elementary school pairs contribute to children's academic development during the first year of elementary school. Participants were 398 children who moved from 36 preschools to 22 elementary schools in two Finnish towns. Children were tested in respect to their reading,…

  18. Math and Science Academic Success in Three Large, Diverse, Urban High Schools: A Teachers' Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Kathryn Bell; Skrla, Linda; Scheurich, James Joseph; Rice, Delores; Hawes, Daniel P.

    2011-01-01

    Large, traditional urban high schools are among the most difficult education environments in the United States. These schools, which serve a high percentage of the Black and Latino students in the United States, often have low academic performance, high dropout rates, high teacher and school leader turnover, and inexperienced teachers. They often…

  19. IU School of Informatics, IUPUI, Policy on Cash Bonuses for Academic Appointees

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    IU School of Informatics, IUPUI, Policy on Cash Bonuses for Academic Appointees Approved 11. Bonuses will be based on excellence, as defined in the documents Indiana University School of Informatics Promotion and Tenure Guidelines and the IU School of Informatics Statement of Salary Policy. Excellence

  20. Small Classes in the Early Grades, Academic Achievement, and Graduating From High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Jeremy D.; Gerber, Susan B.; Boyd-Zaharias, Jayne

    2005-01-01

    This investigation addressed 3 questions about the long-term effects of early school experiences: (a) Is participation in small classes in the early grades (K-3) related to high school graduation? (b) Is academic achievement in K-3 related to high school graduation? (c) If class size is related to graduation, is the relationship explained by the…

  1. Academic Optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, and Student Achievement at Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guvercin, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs), and student achievement in college preparatory charter schools. A purposeful sample of elementary school teachers from college preparatory charter schools (N = 226) in southeast Texas was solicited to complete the…

  2. The School Environment and Adolescent Well-Being: Beyond Academics. Research Brief. Publication #2008-26

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marin, Pilar; Brown, Brett

    2008-01-01

    Adolescents spend a large proportion of their day in school or pursuing school-related activities. While the primary purpose of school is the academic development of students, its effects on adolescents are far broader, also encompassing their physical and mental health, safety, civic engagement, and social development. Further, its effects on all…

  3. Profiles of School Adaptation: Social, Behavioral and Academic Functioning in Sexually Abused Girls

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daignault, Isabelle V.; Hebert, Martine

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: The short-term outcomes of child sexual abuse (CSA) on academic, behavioral and social adaptation at school were examined in order to: (1) document the proportion of sexually abused (SA) girls struggling in school and define the nature of their difficulties, (2) explore whether different profiles of school adaptation could be…

  4. Utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Interventions to Positively Impact Academic Achievement in Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zyromski, Brett; Joseph, Arline Edwards

    2008-01-01

    Empirical research suggests a correlation between Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) interventions and increased academic achievement of students in middle schools. An argument was presented for utilizing CBT intervention within the delivery system of comprehensive school counseling programs in middle schools; specifically in individual…

  5. Sports Bounce GPAs: The Relationship between Athletic Involvement and Academic Performance in High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filsinger, Lora C.

    2012-01-01

    As schools and school districts continue to face budget reductions, school officials must thoroughly evaluate and determine from which programs to decrease funding. Athletic programs are one area that has received much scrutiny for receiving these cuts. If research reveals a significant relationship between athletic involvement and academic

  6. Academic Achievement, Employment, Age and Gender and Students' Experience of Alternative School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poyrazli, Senel; Ferrer-Wreder, Laura; Meister, Denise G.; Forthun, Larry; Coatsworth, J. Doug; Grahame, Kamini Maraj

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore associations between academic achievement, employment, gender, and age in relation to students' sense of school membership and perception of adults in school. The sample consisted of 102 secondary, alternative school students. Results indicated that students with a more positive perception…

  7. The Impact of Teacher Furloughs on Academic Achievement in Hawaii Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soares, Katina M.

    2013-01-01

    Due to budget shortfalls, teacher furloughs were imposed in 2009 in Hawaii Public Schools. The furloughs resulted in a 2009-2010 school year of 167 days as opposed to the regular school year of 180 days. The purpose of this causal-comparative study with a pretest-posttest design was to examine the found effects of those furloughs on academic

  8. Intergenerational Closure and Academic Achievement in High School: A New Evaluation of Coleman's Conjecture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Stephen L.; Todd, Jennifer J.

    2009-01-01

    This article reexamines the conjecture of James S. Coleman that intergenerational social closure promotes student achievement in high schools, analyzing the best national data on academic achievement and social networks: the 2002 and 2004 waves of the Education Longitudinal Study. The results show that within the Catholic school sector, schools

  9. Student evaluation of the academic advising process in an Iranian medical school

    PubMed Central

    Shamsdin, Azra

    2012-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study was to examine student evaluation of the academic advising process in an Iranian medical school. Method We conducted a cross sectional survey of all fourth and fifth year students who studied medicine, nursing and laboratory technology. A short version of a validated questionnaire was administrated to 85 students (23 males and 62 females) at Fasa Medical School, Iran. Results Of the students, 48(56%) were satisfied with the academic advising process. The descriptive analysis of the study showed that many students (n=72) valued the importance of feedback on student ability in the academic advising process. A further descriptive analysis showed that 34 students (40%) were satisfied that advisers were aware of their records. There was a significant difference between student’s main course (?2 (2) = 8.9; p= 0.012) and satisfaction with academic advising. However, the observed differences between female and male students in this study were not statistically significant (?2 (1) = 2.2; p= 0.107). Conclusions The results of this study reveal a lack of systematic planning, skills and resources for the academic advising process at the Fars Medical School. The results indicate the need for academic staff development initiatives to improve the academic advising process. An ongoing evaluation program of the academic needs of students may help to advisors to provide academic advising and academic support for students in various courses.

  10. A Model for Multivariate Prediction of Academic Success of "Transfer Students" in Pharmacy School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmieri, Anthony, III

    1977-01-01

    A model for the systematic and rapid evaluation of transfer students is presented. Transfer students are defined as having completed organic chemistry and other basic courses and are ready to enter the first professional year in a standard 2:3 program. Data for the predictor equations are from the University of Wyoming School of Pharmacy. (LBH)

  11. III. SAR Status: Ready to update (Includes G845 pending more than 15 days.)

    E-print Network

    Rosen, Jay

    III. SAR Status: Ready to update (Includes G845 pending more than 15 days.) Ok to Pay (Update students only) Grad PLUS (Graduate students only) 5. Academic level: Freshman Sophomore Junior Senior not yet graduated, please submit a photocopy of your high school diploma once you receive it. 8. Are you

  12. Middle School Friendships and Academic Achievement in Early Adolescence: A Longitudinal Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Véronneau, Marie-Hélène; Dishion, Thomas J.

    2011-01-01

    Early adolescence is a critical transition period for the maintenance of academic achievement. One factor that school systems often fail to take into account is the influence of friends on academic achievement during middle school. This study investigated the influence of friends’ characteristics on change in academic achievement from Grade 6 through 8, and the role of students’ own characteristics as moderators of this relationship. The sample included 1,278 participants (698 girls). Linear regressions suggest that students with academically engaged friends may achieve to levels higher than expected in Grade 8. However, when considering the significant, negative influence of friends’ problem behavior, the role of friend's school engagement became nonsignificant. Low-achieving girls who had high-achieving friends in Grade 6 had lower academic achievement than expected by Grade 8. In contrast, high-achieving girls seemed to benefit from having high-achieving friends. Implications for theory and prevention efforts targeting young adolescents are discussed. PMID:21552353

  13. Does Arts Education Develop School Readiness? Teachers' and Artists' Points of View on an Art Education Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevanen, Saila; Juvonen, Antti; Ruismäki, Heikki

    2014-01-01

    More than 98 percent of children in Finland attend preschool, where different kinds of projects are carried out in order to strengthen the children's abilities. This article focuses on the effects of one arts education project from a school readiness point of view. The main question was, How did the Helsinki arts education project affect the…

  14. Preschool Classroom Behavioral Context and School Readiness Outcomes for Low-Income Children: A Multilevel Examination of Child and Classroom-Level Influences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca J. Bulotsky-Shearer; Ximena Dominguez; Elizabeth R. Bell

    2012-01-01

    Guided by an ecological theoretical model, the authors used a series of multilevel models to examine associations among children's individual problem behavior, the classroom behavioral context, and school readiness outcomes for a cohort of low-income children (N = 3,861) enrolled in 229 urban Head Start classrooms. Associations were examined between early problem behavior (overactive and underactive behavior) at the child

  15. Testing Equivalence of Mediating Models of Income, Parenting, and School Readiness for White, Black, and Hispanic Children in a National Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raver, C. Cybele; Gershoff, Elizabeth T.; Aber, J. Lawrence

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines complex models of the associations between family income, material hardship, parenting, and school readiness among White, Black, and Hispanic 6-year-olds, using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K). It is critical to test the universality of such complex models, particularly given their…

  16. Is There a Home Advantage in School Readiness for Young Children? Trends in Parent Engagement in Cognitive Activities with Young Children, 1991-2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaub, Maryellen

    2015-01-01

    The desire to understand the "home advantage" has spurred a large body of research describing the contribution of differences in family background and parenting styles to school readiness and the achievement gap. Using the National Household Education Survey at two time points provides a fuller picture of the trends in parenting and…

  17. Social Consequences of Academic Teaming in Middle School: The Influence of Shared Course Taking on Peer Victimization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Echols, Leslie

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the influence of academic teaming (i.e., sharing academic classes with the same classmates) on the relationship between social preference and peer victimization among 6th-grade students in middle school. Approximately 1,000 participants were drawn from 5 middle schools that varied in their practice of academic teaming. A novel…

  18. Student-Teacher Relationships in Early Elementary School and Impact on Later Academic Engagement

    E-print Network

    Lauderdale, Stacy M.

    2011-01-01

    levels of school engagement. Family characteristics haveengagement and achievement being predicted by familyFamily Income Level Parent Completed Measures CBCL-P Total Score SSRS-P Total Score Parent Completed Measures Parent Interview Academic Engagement

  19. High School Counselors' Perceptrons of the Academic and Personality Attributes Important to a Career in Nursing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blasdell, Alison L.; Hudgins-Brewer, Sandra

    1999-01-01

    High school counselors (n=95) identified characteristics they considered important for nursing. Leadership and academic achievement were rated less important than for other careers. compassion, kindness, and obedience were considered important but not decision making or assertiveness. (SK)

  20. The Effects of Academic Career Magnet Education on High Schools and Their Graduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crain, Robert L.; Allen, Anna; Thaler, Robert; Sullivan, Debora; Zellman, Gail L.; Little, Judith Warren; Quigley, Denise D.

    This book contains eight papers on a study of the effects of academic career magnetic education on high schools and their graduates. "Introduction" (Robert L. Crain) explains the study's objectives and methodology, which included an analysis of data files on 9,176 students who applied to 59 different academic career magnet education and interviews…

  1. The Effect of Studying Tech Prep in High School and College Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Larry A.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the academic performance of Tech Prep students (referred to as participants) in comparison to non-Tech Prep students (referred to as non-participants) entering a two-year community college from sixteen different high schools in Stark County, Ohio. This study provided a quantitative analysis of students' academic experiences to…

  2. Academic and Behavioral Trajectories for At-Risk Adolescents in Urban Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montague, Marjorie; Enders, Craig; Cavendish, Wendy; Castro, Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this longitudinal study was twofold: (a) to investigate academic, behavioral, and emotional outcomes for adolescents who were followed longitudinally from middle through high school and (b) to determine if early assessment of achievement and behavior predicts academic and behavioral outcomes for adolescents who were identified as at…

  3. Student Academic Achievement in Rural vs. Non-Rural High Schools in Wisconsin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Droessler Mersch, Rebecca L.

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzed how Wisconsin rural public high schools' academic achievement compared to their city, suburb and town peers while controlling for ten factors. The Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Examination (WKCE) measured academic achievement for tenth graders including reading, language arts, mathematics, science and social studies.…

  4. Perfectionism of Academically Gifted Primary School Students: The Case of Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maksic, Slavica; Iwasaki, Kumiko

    2009-01-01

    This study focuses on perfectionism in Japanese and North American academically gifted children as it pertains to their potential contribution in the countries seeking progress and global leadership. Perfectionist' tendencies and the characteristics that typically reveal such tendencies are examined in academically gifted Japanese juku-school

  5. Perceived Attachment Security to Father, Academic Self-Concept and School Performance in Language Mastery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacro, Fabien

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relations between 8-12-year-olds' perceived attachment security to father, academic self-concept and school performance in language mastery. One hundred and twenty two French students' perceptions of attachment to mother and to father were explored with the Security Scale and their academic self-concept was assessed with…

  6. An Exploration of the Development of Academic Identity in a School of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Elizabeth; Roberts, Amanda; Rees, Mary; Read, Mary

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the complex processes involved in the self-construction of academic identity in a UK School of Education. Building on seminal literature in this field and drawing on the research of four academics, it begins by discussing teacher educators' varying perceptions of the need to re-configure their identity to meet the…

  7. The Relationship between Mental Health, Acculturative Stress, and Academic Performance in a Latino Middle School Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albeg, Loren J.; Castro-Olivo, Sara M.

    2014-01-01

    This study evaluated the relationship between acculturative stress, symptoms of internalizing mental health problems, and academic performance in a sample of 94 Latino middle school students. Students reported on symptoms indicative of depression and anxiety related problems and acculturative stress. Teachers reported on students' academic

  8. Satisfactory Academic Progress Appeal and Personal Statement Medical students who do not fulfill Satisfactory Academic Progress standards as outlined by the WSU School of

    E-print Network

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    to ensure that all Satisfactory Academic Progress standards will be achieved by the end of the appeal period. _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________Satisfactory Academic Progress Appeal and Personal Statement Medical students who do not fulfill Satisfactory Academic Progress standards as outlined by the WSU School of Medicine Promotions Committee

  9. The Impact of the Norton High School Early College Program on the Academic Performance of Students at Norton High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barba, Eric Matthew

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Norton High School Early College Early College Program on academic measures for students at Norton High School. Measures of achievement include the results of the English Language Arts (ELA), Mathematics, Social Science, and Science portions of the California Standards Test (CST), Student…

  10. The Multilayered Character of Newcomers' Academic Identities: Somali Female High-School Students in a US School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oikonomidoy, Eleni

    2009-01-01

    Drawing from the findings of a qualitative study with female refugee high school students from Somalia in the US, this paper attempts to provide a window to understanding the multilayered character of newcomer students' academic identity construction. The students' micro-level processes of creating spaces for belonging at school are linked to…

  11. Folk High Schools and Dropouts from Upper Secondary School: Effects of Non-Academic Investments in Dropouts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borgen, Solveig T.; Borgen, Nicolai T.

    2015-01-01

    High dropout rates from upper secondary school are related to substantial societal costs, and are hence a major policy concern. The Norwegian folk high schools provide a non-academic education in an intimate and nurturing environment where interpersonal and social skills are emphasised, and where individuals grow in sense of self-esteem and sense…

  12. The Influence of Academic and Social Factors of School Principals on the Success of Middle School Students in Urban Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Tonya Yvette

    2012-01-01

    One thing is certain, accountability is here to stay; accountability exposes the good, the bad, and the ugly. The academic achievement gap between non-White and White students continues to exist in the disaggregated data in individual campuses, within school districts, and within comparison studies across the nation. Thus, school leadership is…

  13. Moderating influences of baseline activity levels in school physical activity programming for children: the Ready for Recess project

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background A limitation of traditional outcome studies from behavioral interventions is the lack of attention given to evaluating the influence of moderating variables. This study examined possible moderation effect of baseline activity levels on physical activity change as a result of the Ready for Recess intervention. Methods Ready for Recess (August 2009-September 2010) was a controlled trial with twelve schools randomly assigned to one of four conditions: control group, staff supervision, equipment availability, and the combination of staff supervision and equipment availability. A total of 393 children (181 boys and 212 girls) from grades 3 through 6 (8–11 years old) were asked to wear an Actigraph monitor during school time on 4–5 days of the week. Assessments were conducted at baseline (before intervention) and post intervention (after intervention). Results Initial MVPA moderated the effect of Staff supervision (??=??0.47%; p??.05). Participants in the Staff condition that were 1 standard deviation (SD) below the mean for baseline MVPA (classified as “low active”) had lower MVPA levels at post-intervention when compared with their low active peers in the control condition (Mean diff?=??10.8?±?2.9%; p?=?.005). High active individuals (+1SD above the mean) in the Equipment treatment also had lower MVPA values at post-intervention when compared with their highly active peers in the control group (Mean diff?=??9.5?±?2.9%; p?=?.009). Conclusions These results indicate that changes in MVPA levels at post-intervention were reduced in highly active participants when recess staff supervision was provided. In this study, initial MVPA moderated the effect of Staff supervision on children’s MVPA after 6 months of intervention. Staff training should include how to work with inactive youth but also how to assure that active children remain active. PMID:24484545

  14. Ready ... or Not?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaffhauser, Dian

    2010-01-01

    Two-year institutions are increasingly jammed with students who lack academic readiness--a command of those basic skills that will help them find employment in the workplace or continue on to four-year institutions. That's where remedial--or developmental--classes come into the picture. Community colleges are investing heavily in remedial programs…

  15. Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools: A Report on Policy Insights from the Governors' Forum Series. Arizona, Connecticut, Mississippi, Ohio and Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This report describes efforts to provide seamless transitions from early to elementary education. Specifically, it details SPARK (Supporting Partnerships to Assure Ready Kids), a five-year initiative funded by the Kellogg Foundation, which has contributed a unique, community-based perspective to the national conversation on what it takes to…

  16. The Role of the Executive Functions in School Readiness among Preschool-Age Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaul, Shelley; Schwartz, Mila

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the specific contribution of executive functions to pre-academic skills (emergent literacy, phonological awareness and orthographic knowledge, and emergent mathematic knowledge) over and above cognitive and linguistic underpinning abilities such as naming, short-term memory and vocabulary. The study was…

  17. May/June 2013 Subscription Information Monsanto Ready to Go Bee Schools

    E-print Network

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    into the planning of research and educational programs by the Agricultural Experiment Station (AES) and CE California. The Specialist also identifies and considers the needs of all relevant major clientele groups is unique, in comparison to faculty and Experiment Station academic appointees, activity within

  18. Community Violence Exposure and Adolescents’ School Engagement and Academic Achievement Over Time

    PubMed Central

    Borofsky, Larissa A.; Kellerman, Ilana; Baucom, Brian; Oliver, Pamella H.; Margolin, Gayla

    2013-01-01

    Objective This study examined the relationships between community violence exposure and two related, but meaningfully distinct, academic outcomes: school engagement and academic achievement (GPA). Psychological symptoms were investigated as mediators of these relationships. Method One hundred eighteen youth reported on community violence exposure and school engagement twice during adolescence, and both parents and adolescents reported on psychological symptoms. Cumulative GPA was also acquired from participants. A path model and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to assess these relationships longitudinally. Results Earlier community violence exposure inversely predicted later school engagement, but earlier school engagement did not predict later community violence exposure. School engagement mediated the association between community violence exposure and school GPA. Internalizing and externalizing symptoms, but not posttraumatic stress symptoms, mediated the association between community violence and school engagement. Conclusions When adolescents are exposed to community violence, they may become vulnerable to a cascade of events including psychological symptoms and decreased connectedness to school, which ultimately can lead to overall poor academic achievement. The more proximal, changeable experiences of school connectedness and psychological symptoms offer targets for interventions offsetting long-term adverse academic consequences in violence-exposed youth. PMID:24163782

  19. A New Model for Student Support in High-Poverty Urban Elementary Schools: Effects on Elementary and Middle School Academic Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Mary E.; Madaus, George F.; Raczek, Anastasia E.; Dearing, Eric; Foley, Claire; An, Chen; Lee-St. John, Terrence J.; Beaton, Albert

    2014-01-01

    Efforts to support children in schools require addressing not only academic issues, but also out-of-school factors that can affect students' ability to succeed. This study examined academic achievement of students participating in City Connects, a student support intervention operating in high-poverty elementary schools. The sample included…

  20. Peer Academic Reputation in Elementary School: Associations with Changes in Self-Concept and Academic Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gest, Scott D.; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Welsh, Janet A.

    2005-01-01

    The developmental significance of children's academic reputation among peers was examined in a longitudinal study of 400 children in Grades 3, 4, and 5. In the fall of Year 1, teachers rated children's academic skills and behavior, and peers provided nominations describing classmates' academic skills, social acceptance versus rejection, and…

  1. Ready for Recess: A Pilot Study to Increase Physical Activity in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huberty, Jennifer L.; Siahpush, Mohammad; Beighle, Aaron; Fuhrmeister, Erin; Silva, Pedro; Welk, Greg

    2011-01-01

    Background: Creating an optimal environment at recess may be necessary to maximize physical activity (PA) participation in youth. The purpose of this study was to determine the initial effectiveness of an elementary school recess intervention on the amount of moderate PA (MPA) and vigorous PA (VPA) during recess and the school day. Methods: This…

  2. Dual Enrollment: Breaking the Mold for College Readiness and Persistence in an Urban Charter School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Robert Lemoyne

    2011-01-01

    In the later part of the twentieth century, the continued growth in high school and college dropout rates led to the development of educational reform measures that would address an education model that was seen as applicable to a disproportionate percentage of the nation's students, thereby leaving the majority of schools and their students…

  3. Timing Is Everything: Getting Students Back on Track to College Readiness in High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Royster, Pamela; Gross, Jacob; Hochbein, Craig

    2015-01-01

    National trends and goals have pushed beyond the dropout crisis and are now focused on raising the percentage of graduates prepared for college and career. This study examined a longitudinal cohort (n = 6443) of students in an urban, public school district in order to explore how districts and communities can redirect off-track high school

  4. Structuring Out-of-School Time to Improve Academic Achievement. IES Practice Guide. NCEE 2009-012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckett, Megan; Borman, Geoffrey; Capizzano, Jeffrey; Parsley, Danette; Ross, Steven; Schirm, Allen; Taylor, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    Out-of-school time programs can enhance academic achievement by helping students learn outside the classroom. The purpose of this practice guide is to provide recommendations for organizing and delivering school-based out-of-school time (OST) programs to improve the academic achievement of student participants. The five recommendations in this…

  5. The Relationship between Student Health and Academic Performance: Implications for School Psychologists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Steven R.; Gomes, Paul; Polotskaia, Anna; Jankowska, Anna M.

    2015-01-01

    Children who are unhealthy are at higher risk for school problems than students who are free from medical problems. Students with poor health have a higher probability of school failure, grade retention, and dropout. The relationship between student health and academic success is complex. Common manageable factors of student health are nutrition,…

  6. Improving Academic Achievement of Students with Problematic Attendance by Implementing a Multisystemic School-Based Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, James Edward

    2010-01-01

    This study addressed the problem of poor attendance adversely affecting grades and learning. Current school policies do not address problematic attendance for all school-aged children, perpetuating trends of academic failure. The research objective was to determine if unexcused absences had a greater negative impact on a high-stakes test compared…

  7. The Association of Athletic Expenditures with Student Academic Achievement in Arkansas Secondary Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skelton, Mike

    2009-01-01

    Data on public secondary schools in Arkansas were gathered for two separate school years, 2005-2006 (N = 278) and 2006-2007 (N = 279), to determine if there was an association between athletic expenditures and student academic achievement. Prior to this research, there was little empirical evidence demonstrating any effect that athletic spending…

  8. School of Dental Medicine Academic Policy Approved by Dental Council, April 10, 2001

    E-print Network

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    School of Dental Medicine Academic Policy Approved by Dental Council, April 10, 2001 GENERAL OBJECTIVES The School of Dental Medicine aims to graduate broadly competent general practitioners of dental be able to gather data required to formulate a medical and oral health risk assessment, and a diagnosis

  9. Academically At-Risk Students' Perceptions of a Constructivist High School Biology Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweeney, Heidi

    2010-01-01

    Successful completion of the Living Environment, one state's high school biology course, is a state graduation requirement. The academically at-risk students enrolled in one suburban public high school had been disproportionately unsuccessful at achieving a passing grade in this course. In response, a constructivist biology curriculum was created…

  10. Exploring Students' Perceptions of Academic Disengagement and Reengagement in a Dropout Recovery Charter School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iachini, Aidyn L.; Buettner, Cynthia; Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Reno, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory case study was to understand the academic disengagement and reengagement process from the perspective of students enrolled in a dropout recovery charter school. Specifically, this study focused on students' perceptions of the factors that influenced their lack of success in the traditional school setting, the…

  11. Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nidich, Sanford; Mjasiri, Shujaa; Nidich, Randi; Rainforth, Maxwell; Grant, James; Valosek, Laurent; Chang, Walter; Zigler, Ronald L.

    2011-01-01

    The middle school level is of particular concern to educators because of poor standardized test performance. This study evaluated change in academic achievement in public middle school students practicing the Transcendental Meditation[R] program compared to controls. A total of 189 students who were below proficiency level at baseline in English…

  12. Relationship between Study Habits and Academic Achievement of Higher Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, A. S. Arul

    2014-01-01

    The present study was probed to find the significant relationship between study habits and academic achievement of higher secondary school students with reference to the background variables. Survey method was employed. Data for the study were collected from 300 students in 13 higher secondary schools using Study Habits Inventory by V.G. Anantha…

  13. Organizational Cynicism, School Culture, and Academic Achievement: The Study of Structural Equation Modeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadag, Engin; Kilicoglu, Gökhan; Yilmaz, Derya

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explain constructed theoretical models that organizational cynicism perceptions of primary school teachers affect school culture and academic achievement, by using structural equation modeling. With the assumption that there is a cause-effect relationship between three main variables, the study was constructed with…

  14. Students' Perceived Parental School Behavior Expectations and Their Academic Performance: A Longitudinal Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Gary L.; Hopson, Laura M.; Rose, Roderick A.; Glennie, Elizabeth J.

    2012-01-01

    Self-report data from 2,088 sixth-grade students in 11 middle schools in North Carolina were combined with administrative data on their eighth-grade end-of-the-year achievement scores in math and reading to examine the influence of students' perceived parental school behavior expectations on their academic performance. Through use of multilevel…

  15. High School Concussions in the 2008-2009 Academic YearMechanism, Symptoms, and Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William P. Meehan; Pierre dHemecourt; R. Dawn Comstock

    2010-01-01

    Background: An estimated 136 000 concussions occur per academic year in high schools alone. The effects of repetitive concussions and the potential for catastrophic injury have made concussion an injury of significant concern for young athletes.Purpose: The objective of this study was to describe the mechanism of injury, symptoms, and management of sport-related concussions using the High School Reporting Information

  16. Does Lengthening the School Day Increase Students' Academic Achievement? Results from a Natural Experiment in Chile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellei, Cristian

    2009-01-01

    This study (an impact evaluation of the Chilean full school day program) uses difference-in-differences to estimate the effect of a large increase in instructional time on high school students' academic achievement. The main findings are (i) the program had a positive effect on students' achievement in both mathematics and language; (ii) the…

  17. Bonding, Achievement, and Activities: School Bonding, Academic Achievement, and Participation in Extracurricular Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Anissa K.; Ziomek-Daigle, Jolie

    2009-01-01

    Utilizing a single-group interrupted time series design (Creswell, 2003), this pilot study examined the relationship between academic achievement, school bonding, and the extracurricular activity participation of "uninvolved" students (n=11) who participated in a voluntary support group at a suburban high school in the southeast. Results indicated…

  18. The effect of athletic participation on academic achievement of middle school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kendal Shriver Cathey

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between athletic participation and academic achievement with consideration of gender, ethnicity, participation, and test scores at the middle school level.^ It has been estimated that over 7 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 participate in organized school sports in the United States (Stryer, Tofler, & Lapchick, 1998).

  19. School Contextual Effects on the Adolescent Academic Performance-Substance Use Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrade Adaniya, Fernando Humberto

    2012-01-01

    Children and adolescents are exposed to multiple contextual influences along their development towards adulthood. Before they transition to adulthood, adolescents acquire skills and knowledge usually in schools, which are one of the most influential contexts during adolescence. During school years performing well academically can generate better…

  20. Parent Perceptions of Barriers to Academic Success in a Rural Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Dana; Galassi, John P.

    2010-01-01

    In focus groups, parents of both academically successful seventh-grade students and at-risk students (i.e., failing one or more classes, numerous behavioral referrals, and/or suspensions) in a rural middle school identified perceived barriers to student success as well as school and community resources for overcoming those barriers. Qualitative…

  1. Towards Promoting Biliteracy and Academic Achievement: Educational Programs for High School Latino English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochoa, Alberto M.; Cadiero-Kaplan, Karen

    2004-01-01

    The Latino student presently faces many obstacles to achieve educational equity and excellence at the high school level. This article examines academic programming for Latino middle and high school English language learners (ELLs) and provides recommendations for addressing programming that promotes biliteracy policy and programming as a valued…

  2. Can After-School Programs Help Level the Academic Playing Field for Disadvantaged Youth? Equity Matters. Research Review No. 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Margo; Roth, Jodie L.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

    2009-01-01

    As schools struggle to meet federal achievement standards, after-school programs are increasingly viewed as a potential source of academic support for youth at risk of school failure. The hope among youth advocates and policymakers is that after-school programs can partially compensate for the inequities that plague the nation's schools and play a…

  3. Addition by Subtraction: The Relation Between Dropout Rates and School-Level Academic Achievement

    PubMed Central

    GLENNIE, ELIZABETH; BONNEAU, KARA; VANDELLEN, MICHELLE; DODGE, KENNETH A.

    2013-01-01

    Background/Context Efforts to improve student achievement should increase graduation rates. However, work investigating the effects of student-level accountability has consistently demonstrated that increases in the standards for high school graduation are correlated with increases in dropout rates. The most favored explanation for this finding is that high-stakes testing policies that mandate grade repetition and high school exit exams may be the tipping point for students who are already struggling academically. These extra demands may, in fact, push students out of school. Purpose/Objective/Focus This article examines two hypotheses regarding the relation between school-level accountability and dropout rates. The first posits that improvements in school performance lead to improved success for everyone. If school-level accountability systems improve a school for all students, then the proportion of students performing at grade level increases, and the dropout rate decreases. The second hypothesis posits that schools facing pressure to improve their overall accountability score may pursue this increase at the cost of other student outcomes, including dropout rate. Research Design Our approach focuses on the dynamic relation between school-level academic achievement and dropout rates over time—that is, between one year’s achievement and the subsequent year’s dropout rate, and vice versa. This article employs longitudinal data of records on all students in North Carolina public schools over an 8-year period. Analyses employ fixed-effects models clustering schools and districts within years and controls each year for school size, percentage of students who were free/reduced-price lunch eligible, percentage of students who are ethnic minorities, and locale. Findings/Results This study finds partial evidence that improvements in school-level academic performance will lead to improvements (i.e., decreases) in school-level dropout rates. Schools with improved performance saw decreased dropout rates following these successes. However, we find more evidence of a negative side of the quest for improved academic performance. When dropout rates increase, the performance composites in subsequent years increase. Conclusions/recommendations Accountability systems need to remove any indirect benefit a school may receive from increasing its dropout rate. Schools should be held accountable for those who drop out of school. Given the personal and social costs of dropping out, accountability systems need to place more emphasis on dropout prevention. Such an emphasis could encompass increasing the dropout age and having the school’s performance composite include scores of zero on end-of-grade tests for those who leave school. PMID:24013958

  4. Engagement in After-School Programs as a Predictor of Social Competence and Academic Performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David J. Shernoff

    2010-01-01

    Using the experience sampling method, this study examined two questions related to outcomes associated with after-school programming.\\u000a First, does the quality of experience in after-school programs mediate the effect of program participation on social competence\\u000a and academic performance? Second, among program participants, is the difference in quality of experience when in programs\\u000a versus other settings after school related to higher

  5. Caring or Collusion? Academic Dishonesty in a School of Nursing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wideman, Maureen

    2011-01-01

    Academic dishonesty is an issue that post-secondary institutions are having difficulty resolving. More than 100 studies have been conducted over the past 30 years, yet these studies have not provided data necessary to effectively address this problem. Indeed, research indicates that academic dishonesty is increasing. The purpose of this study was…

  6. Academic Performance and School Success: Sources and Consequences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, J. David

    The promotion of academic success has been linked to children's social and emotional wellness, reduction in risky behaviors, and promotion of social and emotional competence. This chapter briefly summarizes the evidence regarding the link between academic performance and health risk behaviors, including substance abuse, delinquency, teen sexual…

  7. Work-Family Balance and Academic Advancement in Medical Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Geri; Schwartz, Alan; Hart, Katherine M.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study examines various options that a faculty member might exercise to achieve work-family balance in academic medicine and their consequences for academic advancement. Method: Three data sets were analyzed: an anonymous web-administered survey of part-time tenure track-eligible University of Illinois College of Medicine (UI-COM)…

  8. An Authentic Approach to Assessing Pre-Kindergarten Programs: Redefining Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Nancy; Brown, Mac

    2008-01-01

    Several years ago, the state of South Carolina turned to experts in early childhood education to address the school readiness issue for its K-2 schools. Rather than asking, "Is this child ready for school?," the state created a program assessment system that reframed the question of school readiness by asking, "Is this school ready for all…

  9. Treatment of Nonresponse Items on Scale Validation: What "Don't Know" Responses Indicate about College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lombardi, Allison; Seburn, Mary; Conley, David

    2011-01-01

    In this study, Don't Know/Not Applicable (DK/NA) responses on a measure of academic behaviors associated with college readiness for high school students were treated with: (a) casewise deletion, (b) scale inclusion at the lowest level, and (c) imputation using E/M algorithm. Significant differences in mean responses according to treatment…

  10. School Choice and Academic Performance: Some Evidence from Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tooley, James; Bao, Yong; Dixon, Pauline; Merrifield, John

    2011-01-01

    There is widespread concern about differences in the quality of state-run and private schooling. The concerns are especially severe in the numerous developing countries where much of the population has left state-provided schooling for private schooling, including many private schools not recognized by the government. The fees charged by the…

  11. Time-temperature profiles of chilled ready-to-eat foods in school catering and probabilistic analysis of Listeria monocytogenes growth.

    PubMed

    Rosset, Philippe; Cornu, Marie; Noël, Véronique; Morelli, Elisabeth; Poumeyrol, Gérard

    2004-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chill chain in school catering by monitoring time-temperature profiles. Chilled ready-to-eat foods have been chosen as subject of this study because of their high risk due to their production, storage and distribution steps, separated in time, followed by consumption without any further thermal treatment. In order to integrate the effects of storage duration and storage temperature, a quantitative criterion, namely "TTE" or "Time-Temperature Equivalent", was proposed. To illustrate the sanitary consequences of the recorded thermal history, Listeria monocytogenes growth was predicted based on reference growth curves in chilled ready-to-eat food products. The study of five centralised kitchens and 11 school-lunch canteens demonstrated in general a satisfactory maintenance of the chill chain. However, the coincidence of extended storage duration (due to weekends) and temperature abuse was observed and could lead to a significant microbial development. PMID:15358505

  12. Envisioning a Bright Future for New Braunfels Children: A Community-Based Approach to School Readiness 

    E-print Network

    Fanomezantsoa, Herilala; Hopkins, Elizabeth; Tooley, Kathryn

    2015-05-20

    This report provides an overview of a qualitative, participatory study conducted by a capstone team from the Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University. The McKenna Foundation of New Braunfels, Texas enlisted the help...

  13. Observed Emotional and Behavioral Indicators of Motivation Predict School Readiness in Head Start Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berhenke, Amanda; Miller, Alison L.; Brown, Eleanor; Seifer, Ronald; Dickstein, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Emotions and behaviors observed during challenging tasks are hypothesized to be valuable indicators of young children's motivation, the assessment of which may be particularly important for children at risk for school failure. The current study demonstrated reliability and concurrent validity of a new observational assessment of motivation in…

  14. Are High School Students Ready for Recombinant DNA?: The UOP Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minch, Michael J.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses a three-week summer college honors course for talented high school juniors with three exams, lab six days a week, a research paper, field trips, and student panel discussions. Presents an overview of the course. Describes the lab which uses "E. coli" for DNA recombination. (MVL)

  15. "Ready, Set, Go!" A Model Community Resource Plan for Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilcrease, Maxine Wallender

    This document describes a community resource plan developed for rural special educators at a small elementary school near Salem, Oregon. The plan was designed for the specific needs of rural special educators, who generally have greater need for materials, personnel support, and financing than their urban counterparts. The resource plan includes:…

  16. Are Parents Ready for New High School Curriculum Requirements? Policy Report 28

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landauer-Menchik, Bettie

    2006-01-01

    The State Board of Education has recommended the implementation of a new, more rigorous curriculum for Michigan high schools. All students would be required to take four years of English; one year each of Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II, and an additional math class in the senior year; one year each of Biology, Physics or Chemistry, and one…

  17. Breathing Lessons: Childhood Asthma Is on the Rise. Are Your Schools Ready?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Susan

    2000-01-01

    Listed as the nation's leading chronic health condition among children, asthma afflicts 5.3 million youngsters. About 5 to 10 percent of school children have asthma. Asthma management must be aggressive, involving students, teachers, and parents. An individualized treatment plan for each asthmatic student is essential. (MLH)

  18. The Role of Executive Functions Skills and Self-Regulation Behaviors in School Readiness and Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sasser, Tyler R.; Bierman, Karen L.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine co-variation in the development of self-regulatory skills evident in pre-kindergarten and evaluate the implications of that variation for school adjustment in kindergarten and first grade. Measures of self-regulatory skill development included: direct assessments of EF (executive function) (e.g., Peg Tapping,…

  19. Homeschooling Parent/Teachers' Perceptions on Educating Struggling High School Students and their College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCullough, Brenda Tracy

    2013-01-01

    A general problem is that testing a homeschooled child for learning disabilities (LD) is not required in the state of Texas and therefore dependent on the homeschooling parent's recognition and desire to test. A qualitative exploratory method was used to determine the perceptions of parent/teachers on their struggling high school

  20. Emotional intelligence and academic success: examining the transition from high school to university

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James D. A. Parker; Laura J. Summerfeldt; Marjorie J. Hogan; Sarah A. Majeski

    2004-01-01

    The transition from high school to university was used as the context for examining the relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement. During the first month of classes 372 first-year full-time students at a small Ontario university completed the short form of the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i:Short). At the end of the academic year the EQ-i:Short data was matched with

  1. Is the medicine killing the patient? Academic eligibility rules for high school athletes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Ambrose Collins

    1996-01-01

    This study was designed to analyze the effect that academic eligibility rules have on high school student-athletes. The problem to investigate in this research project is the impact academic eligibility rules have on the behavior and motivation of student-athletes. This study looks at two states with contrasting eligibility policies. New Jersey, a state with a mandated policy of passing 27.5

  2. Enhancing Academic Achievement for Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Evidence from School-Based Intervention Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jitendra, Asha K.; DuPaul, George J.; Someki, Fumio; Tresco, Katy E.

    2008-01-01

    Although children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) exhibit significant academic difficulties in school settings, considerably less attention is devoted to remediating their academic problems when compared to behavioral and social difficulties. The purpose of this article is to review empirically supported academic interventions…

  3. The Effect of a Zoo-Based Experiential Academic Science Program on High School Students' Math and Science Achievement and Perceptions of School Climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulkerrin, Elizabeth A.

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 11th-grade and 12th-grade zoo-based academic high school experiential science program compared to a same school-district school-based academic high school experiential science program on students' pretest and posttest science, math, and reading achievement, and student perceptions of program relevance, rigor, and relationships. Science coursework delivery site served as the study's independent variable for the two naturally formed groups representing students (n = 18) who completed a zoo-based experiential academic high school science program and students (n = 18) who completed a school-based experiential academic high school science program. Students in the first group, a zoo-based experiential academic high school science program, completed real world, hands-on projects at the zoo while students in the second group, those students who completed a school-based experiential academic high school science program, completed real world, simulated projects in the classroom. These groups comprised the two research arms of the study. Both groups of students were selected from the same school district. The study's two dependent variables were achievement and school climate. Achievement was analyzed using norm-referenced 11th-grade pretest PLAN and 12th-grade posttest ACT test composite scores. Null hypotheses were rejected in the direction of improved test scores for both science program groups---students who completed the zoo-based experiential academic high school science program (p < .001) and students who completed the school-based experiential academic high school science program (p < .001). The posttest-posttest ACT test composite score comparison was not statistically different ( p = .93) indicating program equipoise for students enrolled in both science programs. No overall weighted grade point average score improvement was observed for students in either science group, however, null hypotheses were rejected in the direction of improved science grade point average scores for 11th-grade (p < .01) and 12th-grade (p = .01) students who completed the zoo-based experiential academic high school science program. Null hypotheses were not rejected for between group posttest science grade point average scores and school district criterion reference math and reading test scores. Finally, students who completed the zoo-based experiential academic high school science program had statistically improved pretest-posttest perceptions of program relationship scores (p < .05) and compared to students who completed the school-based experiential academic high school science program had statistically greater posttest perceptions of program relevance (p < .001), perceptions of program rigor (p < .001), and perceptions of program relationships (p < .001).

  4. Behavior Problems, Academic Skill Delays and School Failure Among School-Aged Children in Foster Care: Their Relationship to Placement Characteristics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bonnie T. Zima; Regina Bussing; Stephanny Freeman; Xiaowei Yang; Thomas R. Belin; Steven R. Forness

    2000-01-01

    We describe the level of behavior problems, academic skill delays, and school failure among school-aged children in foster care. We also examine how behavior problems are associated with academic problems, and explore how these outcomes are related to children's placement characteristics. Foster parent and child home interviews, as well as teacher telephone interviews were conducted from a randomly selected sample

  5. The Academic Differences between Students Involved in School-Based Robotics Programs and Students Not Involved in School-Based Robotics Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koumoullos, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This research study aimed to identify any correlation between participation in afterschool robotics at the high school level and academic performance. Through a sample of N = 121 students, the researcher examined the grades and attendance of students who participated in a robotics program in the 2011-2012 school year. The academic record of these…

  6. Are physical activity and academic performance compatible? Academic achievement, conduct, physical activity and self?esteem of Hong Kong Chinese primary school children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. C. W. Yu; Scarlet Chan; Frances Cheng; R. Y. T. Sung

    2006-01-01

    Education is so strongly emphasized in the Chinese culture that academic success is widely regarded as the only indicator of success, while too much physical activity is often discouraged because it drains energy and affects academic concentration. This study investigated the relations among academic achievement, self?esteem, school conduct and physical activity level. The participants were 333 Chinese pre?adolescents (aged 8–12)

  7. Longitudinal Predictors of School-Age Academic Achievement: Unique Contributions of Toddler-Age Aggression, Oppositionality, Inattention, and Hyperactivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brennan, Lauretta M.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Dishion, Thomas J.; Wilson, Melvin

    2012-01-01

    This project examined the unique predictive validity of parent ratings of toddler-age aggression, oppositionality, inattention, and hyperactivity-impulsivity to academic achievement at school-age in a sample of 566 high-risk children and families. The study also investigated potential indirect effects of the Family Check-Up on school-age academic

  8. Secondary School Transition and the Use of Different Sources of Information for the Construction of the Academic Self-Concept

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gniewosz, Burkhard; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Noack, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This study focuses on processes involved in students' academic self-concept constructions before, during, and after secondary school transition. The study is based on a four-wave longitudinal dataset (N = 1953). Structural equation modeling showed that during school transition, the impact of grades on students' academic self-concepts in Math and…

  9. Predictors of Academic Success in Language Arts Literacy and Math on State Assessments in New Jersey Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jerue, Gary A.

    2013-01-01

    There are a limited number of studies that examine the predictors of academic success in charter schools (Lawton, 2009). This study utilized a multiple regression analysis to identify the best predictors of academic success in language arts literacy (LAL) and math on state assessments in New Jersey charter schools. This study included four student…

  10. Career and Technical Education in the Balance: An Analysis of High School Persistence, Academic Achievement, and Postsecondary Destinations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plank, Stephen

    A study examined the relationship between: (1) the balance struck between career and technical education (CTE) and academic course-taking during the high school years; and (2) academic achievement, persistence in high school, and postsecondary destinations. Data for the study were drawn from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988. The…

  11. Evaluating the Influence of an Urban High School Reform Effort on College Readiness and Access Outcomes: A Quasiexperimental Cohort Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sondergeld, Toni A.; Fischer, John M.; Samel, Arthur N.; Knaggs, Christine M.

    2013-01-01

    It is widely accepted that postsecondary education has become a necessity for US youth. College access, however, has been found not to be equal for all. As a result, federally funded college-readiness programs, such as Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP), have been established to increase the numbers of…

  12. Effortful Control, Behavior Problems and Peer Relations: What Predicts Academic Adjustment in Kindergarteners from Low-income Families?

    PubMed Central

    Morris, Amanda Sheffield; John, Aesha; Halliburton, Amy L.; Morris, Michael D. S.; Robinson, Lara R.; Myers, Sonya S.; Aucoin, Katherine J.; Keyes, Angela W.; Terranova, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the role of effortful control, behavior problems, and peer relations in the academic adjustment of 74 kindergarten children from primarily low-income families using a short-term longitudinal design. Teachers completed standardized measures of children’s effortful control, internalizing and externalizing problems, school readiness, and academic skills. Children participated in a sociometric interview to assess peer relations. Research Findings: Correlational analyses indicate that children’s effortful control, behavior problems in school, and peer relations are associated with academic adjustment variables at the end of the school year, including school readiness, reading skills, and math skills. Results of regression analyses indicate that household income and children’s effortful control primarily account for variation in children’s academic adjustment. The associations between children’s effortful control and academic adjustment did not vary across sex of the child or ethnicity. Mediational analyses indicate an indirect effect of effortful control on school readiness, through children’s internalizing problems. Practice or Policy: Effortful control emerged as a strong predictor of academic adjustment among kindergarten children from low-income families. Strategies for enhancing effortful control and school readiness among low-income children are discussed. PMID:24163572

  13. Big-fish-little-pond effect on academic self-concept. A cross-cultural (26-country) test of the negative effects of academically selective schools.

    PubMed

    Marsh, Herbert W; Hau, Kit-Tai

    2003-05-01

    Academically selective schools are intended to affect academic self-concept positively, but theoretical and empirical research demonstrates that the effects are negative. The big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE), an application of social comparison theory to educational settings, posits that a student will have a lower academic self-concept in an academically selective school than in a nonselective school. This study, the largest cross-cultural study of the BFLPE ever undertaken, tested theoretical predictions for nationally representative samples of approximately 4,000 15-year-olds from each of 26 countries (N = 103,558) who completed the same self-concept instrument and achievement tests. Consistent with the BFLPE, the effects of school-average achievement were negative in all 26 countries (M beta = -.20, SD = .08), demonstrating the BFLPE's cross-cultural generalizability. PMID:12971085

  14. Do Perceived Academic Competence and School Satisfaction Mediate the Relationships between Perceived Support Provided by Teachers and Classmates, and Academic Initiative?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danielsen, Anne G.; Breivik, Kyrre; Wold, Bente

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was twofold: (1) to examine how psychosocial support provided by teachers and classmates related to students' self-regulated learning as expressed through self-reported academic initiative, and (2) whether academic competence and school satisfaction mediated these relationships. The data were from a nationally representative…

  15. Home-School Collaboration: Enhancing Children's Academic and Social Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christenson, Sandra L., Ed.; Conoley, Jane Close, Ed.

    This book emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the school and the home/parents in enhancing the possibilities for students' success. Twenty-four individual chapters by 45 contributors include: (1) "Family Systems and the School" (William Doherty and Vida Peskay); (2) "Home-School Collaboration: Effects, Issues, and Opportunities"…

  16. Is Early Ability Grouping Good for High-Achieving Students' Psychosocial Development? Effects of the Transition into Academically Selective Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Michael; Neumann, Marko; Tetzner, Julia; Böse, Susanne; Knoppick, Henrike; Maaz, Kai; Baumert, Jürgen; Lehmann, Rainer

    2014-01-01

    The present study investigates school context effects on psychosocial characteristics (academic self-concept, peer relations, school satisfaction, and school anxiety) of high-achieving and gifted students. Students who did or did not make an early transition from elementary to secondary schools for high-achieving and gifted students in 5th grade…

  17. School nurses' familiarity and perceptions of academic accommodations for student-athletes following sport-related concussion.

    PubMed

    Weber, Michelle L; Welch, Cailee E; Parsons, John T; Valovich McLeod, Tamara C

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate school nurses' familiarity and perceptions regarding academic accommodations for student-athletes following sport-related concussion. School nurses (N = 1,246) accessed the survey School Nurses' Beliefs, Attitudes and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (BAKPAC-SN). The BAKPAC-SN contained several questions pertaining to concussion management and academic accommodations. There were significant differences regarding personal experience as well as familiarity of academic accommodations (p < .001) between school nurses who work at a school that employs an athletic trainer and school nurses who work at a school that does not employ an athletic trainer. There were significant weak positive relationships between years of experience and familiarity with academic accommodations (r = .210, p < .001), 504 plans (r = .243, p < .001), and individualized education plans (r = .205, p < .001). School nurses employed at a single school were significantly more familiar with academic accommodations (p = .027) and 504 plans (p = .001) than school nurses employed at multiple schools. Health care professionals should collaborate to effectively manage a concussed patient and should consider academic accommodations to ensure whole-person health care. PMID:25015367

  18. A Longitudinal Investigation of Project-Based Instruction and Student Achievement in High School Social Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summers, Emily J.; Dickinson, Gail

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal study focused on how project-based instruction (PBI) influenced secondary social studies students' academic achievement and promoted College and Career Readiness (CCR). We explored and compared student achievement in a PBI high school versus a traditional instruction high school within the same rural school district. While…

  19. The Structure of Reading Readiness Ability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Arthur V.

    The development of a research model to aid in the understanding of the hierarchical structure of reading readiness is described. Data were obtained by testing 218 first graders from three elementary schools with the Frostig Developmental Test of Visual Perception, the Gates Reading Readiness Test, the Metropolitan Readiness Test, the Olson Reading…

  20. Academic dishonesty in nursing schools: an empirical investigation.

    PubMed

    McCabe, Donald L

    2009-11-01

    Academic dishonesty, whether in the form of plagiarism or cheating on tests, has received renewed attention in the past few decades as pervasive use of the Internet and a presumed deterioration of ethics in the current generation of students has led some, perhaps many, to conclude that academic dishonesty is reaching epidemic proportions. What is lacking in many cases, including in the nursing profession, is empirical support of these trends. This article attempts to provide some of that empirical data and supports the conclusion that cheating is a significant issue in all disciplines today, including nursing. Some preliminary policy implications are also considered. PMID:19650608

  1. Mentoring urban Black Middle-School Male Students: Implications for Academic Achievement

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, Derrick M.; Iwamoto, Derek; Ward, Nadia; Potts, Randolph; Boyd, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Researchers have called for innovative and culturally responsive intervention programs to enhance male, African American middle school students’ academic achievement. Mentoring has received considerable attention as a novel remedy. Although anecdotal evidence supports the positive role of mentoring on academic achievement, these results are not consistent. The Benjamin E. Mays Institute (BEMI) builds on the ideals of mentoring to counter the effects academic underachievement among adolescent Black males by building a model that is Afro-centric, uses pro-social modeling, and emphasizes cultural strengths and pride, and single-sex instruction in a dual-sex educational environment. Sixty-one middle-school Black males were enrolled (BEMI: n=29; Comparison: n=32) in this study. Results revealed that students in the BEMI program had significantly greater academic attachment scores and academic success than their non-mentored peers. Additionally, racial identity attitudes of immersion/emersion and internalization and identification with academics were also significantly associated with standardized achievement tests and GPA. Policy and practice implications are discussed. PMID:20379371

  2. Computer Use at Home and at School: does it Relate to Academic Performance?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Gary G.; Du, Jianxia

    Analyzing data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 to 1992, this report examines how computer use produces generic benefit to all children and differential benefits to minority and poor children. Specifically, the authors examined computer use at home vis-a-vis computer use at school in relation to the academic performance of disadvantaged children and their peers (defined by race-ethnicity and socioeconomic status). Home computer use typifies socially differentiated opportunities, whereas school computer use promises generic benefits for all children. The findings suggest that with other relevant conditions constant, (a) disadvantaged children did not lag far behind their peers in computer use at school, but they were much less likely to use computers at home; (b) computer use at home was far more significant than computer use at school in relation to high academic performance; (c) wing a computer at school seemed to have dubious effects on learning—taking computer science courses at school related consistently to low performance far both disadvantaged children and their peers, (d) disadvantaged children benefited less than other children from computer use, including computer use at home; and (e) compared to their peers, disadvantaged children's academic performance seemed less predictable by computer use and other predictor variables.

  3. Emotional intelligence and social and academic adaptation to school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José M. Mestre; Rocío Guil; Paulo N. Lopes; Peter Salovey; Paloma Gil-Olarte

    2006-01-01

    In a sample of 127 Spanish adolescents, the ability to understand and manage emotions, assessed by a performance measure of emotional intelligence (the MSCEIT), correlated positively with teacher ra- tings of academic achievement and adaptation for both males and females. Among girls, these emo- tional abilities also correlated positively with peer friendship nominations. After controlling for IQ and the Big

  4. Academic and Behavioral Problems of Boys in Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Robert B.

    1978-01-01

    The behaviors implicit in many boys' sex roles are oppositional to the behaviors required in the student role. The conflict results in the inability of the boy to assume the student role, and may result in his being identified as having an academic and/or behavioral problem. Teacher suggestions are given. (Author/LPG)

  5. Academic Self-Presentation Strategies and Popularity in Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zook, Joan M.; Russotti, Justin M.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined early adolescents' beliefs about which academic self-presentation strategies hypothetical hard-working, high-achieving students should use with popular peers, adolescents' own use of self-presentation strategies, and links between popularity and self-presentation strategies. In response to scenarios in which popular…

  6. Building Academic Confidence in English Language Learners in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vazquez, Alejandra

    2014-01-01

    Non-English speaking students lack the confidence and preparation to be verbally actively engaged in the classroom. Students may frequently display hesitation in learning to speak English, and may also lack a teacher's guidance in becoming proficient English speakers. The purpose of this research is to examine how teachers build academic

  7. Social to Academic: University-School District Partnership Helps Teachers Broaden Students' Language Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebhard, Meg; Willett, Jerri

    2008-01-01

    Developing the ability to use academic English is not the same as basic proficiency, but students need skills in both to succeed. This article talks about a university-school district partnership that helps teachers broaden students' language skills. To respond to the reality that all teachers need sustained professional learning opportunities to…

  8. When the Bell Tolls: The Effects of School Starting Times on Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinrichs, Peter

    2011-01-01

    A number of high schools across the United States have moved to later bell times on the belief that their previous bell times were too early for the "biological clocks" of adolescents. In this article I study whether doing so improves academic performance. I first focus on the Twin Cities metropolitan area, where Minneapolis and several suburban…

  9. Standards-Based Academics: School-to-Career Institute Offers Promise as a National Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Charles S.

    1999-01-01

    At a southwestern Chicago high school, an institute sponsored by the Associated Equipment Distributors Foundation has boosted student achievement by linking honors-level academics and technical training to a guaranteed job. The construction equipment industry's willingness to invest time, equipment, know-how, and funds is key to program success.…

  10. Admission Scores as a Predictor of Academic Success in the Fiji School of Medicine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ezeala, Christian C.; Swami, Niraj S.; Lal, Nilesh; Hussain, Shagufta

    2012-01-01

    Secondary education in Fiji ends with the Form 7 examination. Predictive validity for academic success of Form 7 scores which form the basis for admission into the Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery programme of the Fiji School of Medicine was examined via a cohort of 129 students. Success rates for year 1 in 2008, 2009, and 2010 were 90.7…

  11. The Relationship among Principals' Technology Leadership, Teaching Innovation, and Students' Academic Optimism in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsieh, Chuan-Chung; Yen, Hung-Chin; Kuan, Liu-Yen

    2014-01-01

    This study empirically investigates the relationships among principals' technology leadership, teaching innovations, and students' academic optimism by surveying elementary school educators across Taiwan. Of the total 1,080 questionnaires distributed, 755 valid surveys were returned for a 69.90% return rate. Teachers were asked to indicate the…

  12. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA -SCHOOL OF MEDICINE TECHNICAL, NON-ACADEMIC, STANDARDS

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    , and members of the health care team. They must be able to obtain a medical history in a timely fashionUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA - SCHOOL OF MEDICINE TECHNICAL, NON-ACADEMIC, STANDARDS Essential physical and cognitive abilities and sufficient mental and emotional stability to assure that candidates

  13. SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    philosophy. To critically engage with central texts, debates and issues in philosophy of logic and language puzzles by working through parts of The Problems of Philosophy and `The Philosophy of Logical AtomismSCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014 PH352Z - PH4596 ORIGINS

  14. A Randomized Trial of Motivational Interviewing to Improve Middle School Students' Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strait, Gerald Gill; Smith, Bradley H.; McQuillin, Sam; Terry, John; Swan, Suzanne; Malone, Patrick S.

    2012-01-01

    Motivational interviewing (MI) is an effective method of promoting change in adults, but research on adolescents is limited. This study tests the efficacy of MI for promoting academic achievement in middle school students. Participants were 103 6th-, 7th-, and 8th-grade students randomly assigned to either a MI (n = 50) or a waitlist control…

  15. The Relationship between learning style, self-efficacy beliefs, and academic fields in high school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Ali Khaksar Boldaji

    The main prupose of this study was to investigate the relationship between learning styles, self-efficacy beliefs and academic fields in high school students. In this research, we have been seeking to find whether there is significant relationship between the element of study field and learning style, between the elements of self-efficacy belief and field of study, and the elements of

  16. HomeSchool Conflicts and Barriers to the Academic Achievement of Children of Latin American Immigrants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carolyn Sattin Bajaj

    This paper explores the role of home-school conflicts in the educational failure of children of Latin American immigrants and examines how these conflicts have been framed and understood in the existing research literature. It argues that structural analyses of barri- ers to educational attainment alone fail to capture the multiplicity of forces that contrib- ute to negative academic outcomes. Instead,

  17. Academic Year 2012-13. Polythecnic School. Course Offer in English & Spanish for Exchange students

    E-print Network

    Geffner, Hector

    U Academic Year 2012-13. Polythecnic School. Course Offer in English & Spanish for Exchange Engineering Code Course Year Term Language 21622 Advanced Visualization 4 1 English 21623 Real Time Audio students Audiovisual Systems Engineering Code Course Year Term Language 21425 Network architecture 3 1

  18. The Educational Benefits Claimed for Physical Education and School Sport: An Academic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Richard; Armour, Kathleen; Kirk, David; Jess, Mike; Pickup, Ian; Sandford, Rachel

    2009-01-01

    This academic review critically examines the theoretical and empirical bases of claims made for the educational benefits of physical education and school sport (PESS). An historical overview of the development of PESS points to the origins of claims made in four broad domains: physical, social, affective and cognitive. Analysis of the evidence…

  19. High school athletics and academics: Exploring the path from participation to achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorrine Rene Basinger-Fleischman

    2002-01-01

    For many years it has been assumed that school-based sports activities contribute to the healthy social, psychological, and cognitive development of American youth. Yet, sound, empirical evidence on these benefits continues to be limited. One area that has generated considerable interest and debate is that of the effects of interscholastic sport participation on academic achievement. The overall body of research

  20. Exploring the Impact of Sports Participation on Academic Achievement in a Middle School

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J Gorton

    2010-01-01

    The writer explores the correlation of sports participation and academic achievement in a middle school. Current and dated literature on the topic is reviewed. The method in which the research was conducted is detailed, as well as the reasoning for the research. The writer examines the findings and explains their importance. Finally, the author discusses suggestions for future research, how

  1. The Effect of School-Specific Parenting Processes on Academic Achievement in Adolescence and Young Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Mellissa S.; Cui, Ming

    2012-01-01

    There is inconsistency in the current literature regarding the association between dimensions of parenting processes and academic achievement for adolescents. Further, few studies have extended such an association into young adulthood. In this study, we examined the effect of three dimensions of parenting processes, including school-specific…

  2. SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    in the inter-war years Week 5 1. Theme 2 Inter-war Spain 2. Theme 3 Post-war reconstruction Week 6 1. Theme 3SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014 HI 1022 EUROPE.php COURSE DESCRIPTION This course provides an introduction to the history of Europe in the twentieth

  3. SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2014-2015

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    , 1917-1924 Week 4 1. Theme 2 The Weimar republic 2. Theme 2 Britain in the inter-war years Week 5 1SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2014-2015 HI 1022 EUROPE an introduction to the history of Europe in the twentieth century. A comprehensive treatment of this enormous

  4. Energy Opinions of Southern, Northern and Academically Prepared Energy Students in Selected Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karst, Ralph R.

    1985-01-01

    Examines the effects of sex, grade level, region, and academic preparation of secondary school students on energy opinions. Assesses the responses of students on energy items related to the government, cars, and conservation. Results reveal significant regional and sex differences. (ML)

  5. Relationship among Emotional Intelligence, Parental Involvement and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Ibadan, Nigeria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oyesojl A. Aremu; Adeyinka Tell; Adedeji Tell

    This study investigated the relationship among emotional intelligence, parental involvement and academic achievement of 500 Senior Secondary School Students in Ibadan, Nigeria. The participants ranged in age between 14 and 18 years (M=16.5, SD. = 1.7). Two hypotheses were tested for significance at .05 margin of error, Using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co- efficient and Multiple Regression Statistics. Results showed

  6. Flaunting One's Academic Pedigree? Self-Presentation of Students from Elite French Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Draelants, Hugues; Darchy-Koechlin, Brigitte

    2011-01-01

    This article starts from the puzzle that although French elite institutions enjoy extremely positive and attractive images, students from these schools generally choose to conceal their academic pedigree in their daily interactions. We show that, in a context of growing inequalities of access to "grandes ecoles," the strategy of hiding one's…

  7. Naval Postgraduate School Cyber Academic Group Graduation Checklist for MS Cyber Systems and Operations (CSO) Degree

    E-print Network

    4400 Cyber Mission Planning (3-0) ________ ___CY4650 Information Management for Cyber Operations (1Naval Postgraduate School Cyber Academic Group Graduation Checklist for MS Cyber Systems Planned Qtr ___CY4410 Cyber Policy and Strategy (3-0) ________ ___CY4600 Network Operations in a Contested

  8. Naval Postgraduate School Cyber Academic Group Graduation Checklist for MS Cyber Systems and Operations (CSO) Degree

    E-print Network

    Planned Qtr ___CY4400 Cyber Mission Planning (3-0) ________ ___CY4600 Network Operations in a ContestedNaval Postgraduate School Cyber Academic Group Graduation Checklist for MS Cyber Systems Environment (3-2) ________ ___CY4700 Cyber Wargame: Blue Force Operations (2-5) ________ ___CY4710 Cyber

  9. UNH GRADUATE SCHOOL ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR FALL SEMESTER 2013 FALL TERM AUGUST

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    UNH GRADUATE SCHOOL ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR FALL SEMESTER 2013 FALL TERM ­ AUGUST Tuesday, August 20 fee Graduate web registration ends at 6 PM (except GRAD 800, 900, and DEPT 999 which continues thru approval and $25 per course late drop fee LAST DAY for Graduate students to register and pay without

  10. UNH GRADUATE SCHOOL ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR FALL SEMESTER 2012 FALL TERM AUGUST

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    UNH GRADUATE SCHOOL ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR FALL SEMESTER 2012 FALL TERM ­ AUGUST Monday, August 1 web registration ends at 6 PM (except GRAD 800, 900, and DEPT 999 which continues thru September 14 and $25 per course late drop fee · LAST DAY for Graduate students to register and pay without having

  11. UNH GRADUATE SCHOOL ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR: WINTER SEMESTER 2013 AND SPRING SEMESTER 2013

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    UNH GRADUATE SCHOOL ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR: WINTER SEMESTER 2013 AND SPRING SEMESTER 2013 WINTER. · Graduate web registration ends at 6:00pm. (Except for GRAD 800, GRAD 900 and DEPT 999 which continues for graduate students to register and pay without having degree status discontinued. Friday, February 15, 2013

  12. The Influence of High School Academics on Freshman College Mathematics and Science Courses at SUNY Oswego

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayali, Tolga

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between 2011 freshman college mathematics and science grades and freshman students' high school academics and demographic data, exploring the factors that contribute to the success of first-year STEM majoring freshman students at State University of New York at Oswego. The variables were Gender, Race, SES,…

  13. The Association of Health-Related Fitness with Indicators of Academic Performance in Texas Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welk, Gregory J.; Jackson, Allen W.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Haskell, William H.; Meredith, Marilu D.; Cooper, Kenneth H.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the associations between indicators of health-related physical fitness (cardiovascular fitness and body mass index) and academic performance (Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills). Partial correlations were generally stronger for cardiovascular fitness than body mass index and consistently stronger in the middle school

  14. The educational benefits claimed for physical education and school sport: an academic review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Bailey; Kathleen Armour; David Kirk; Mike Jess; Ian Pickup; Rachel Sandford

    2009-01-01

    This academic review critically examines the theoretical and empirical bases of claims made for the educational benefits of physical education and school sport (PESS). An historical overview of the development of PESS points to the origins of claims made in four broad domains: physical, social, affective and cognitive. Analysis of the evidence suggests that PESS has the potential to make

  15. Psychological correlates of academic and athletic achievement in high school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott Michael Smickley

    1989-01-01

    Participation in school sports may be, for many students, as important as the degree of success attained in the classroom. This study investigated the relationships between academic achievement, athletic achievement, self-concept, locus of control, and achievement motivation. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale, Locus of Control Scale for Children, Achievement-Related Affect Scale, and Measure of Achievement Motivation were administered to 130

  16. "Managing" Managerialism: The Impact of Educational Auditing on an Academic "Specialist" School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardy, Ian

    2012-01-01

    This article seeks to nuance arguments about the impact of broad policy technologies of auditing processes upon teachers' practices by providing empirical evidence of the effects of such processes, in context. Specifically, the article draws upon a cross section of teachers' accounts of schooling practices in a specialist, academically oriented…

  17. Ugandan Immigrant Students' Perceptions of Barriers to Academic Achievement in American High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ssekannyo, Denis

    2010-01-01

    In a world that is now a global village, enterprising individuals, especially from Third World countries, who make it to greener pastures do not leave their children behind. But with a long list of barriers to academic achievement associated with immigrant and minority students in American high schools, an understanding of the experiences and…

  18. The Relationship between Character Traits and Academic Performance of AFJROTC High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kariuki, Patrick; Williams, Linda

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between character traits and academic performance, as measured by grade point average of AFJROTC cadets. The sample consisted of 20 randomly selected male cadets and 20 female cadets enrolled in AFJROTC classes at Sullivan South High School. Data were collected using a questionnaire…

  19. Out-of-School Factors Affecting Academic Achievement. Information Capsule. Volume 1004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romanik, Dale

    2010-01-01

    This Information Capsule is the third in a series of papers addressing factors contributing to low academic achievement. The two previous papers addressed issues relevant to class size reduction and teacher quality/preparation. The premise of this Information Capsule is that there is no single smoking gun relative to improving school performance.…

  20. The Impact of a Student's Lack of Social Skills on Their Academic Skills in High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eleby, Calvin, Jr.

    2009-01-01

    "The major problems facing the world today can be solved only if we improve our understanding of human behavior" (Schlinger, 2005, pg. 48) and how it affects our educational experience in high school. The purpose of this study was to explore and examine to what extent there exists a relationship between social and academic study skills and its…

  1. Direct and Relational Bullying among Primary School Children and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Sarah; Wolke, Dieter

    2004-01-01

    The association between bullying behaviour and academic achievement was investigated in 1016 children from primary schools (6-7-year-olds/year 2: 480; 8-9-year-olds/year 4: 536). Children were individually interviewed about their bullying experiences using a standard interview. Key Stage I National Curriculum results (assessed at the end of year…

  2. Attitudes of High School Personnel Toward NCAA Academic Integrity Reform Measures and Proposals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Richard E.; Miller, Michael T.

    This study sought to determine the perceptions held by high school principals and head football coaches in regard to efforts by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) to improve academic integrity in intercollegiate sports. A total of 112 principals and 79 coaches were asked to rate and rank each of the NCAA's current efforts,…

  3. The Impact of Inclusion on the Academic Achievement of High School Special Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawkins, Harold Smith

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation examined the impact of inclusion on the academic achievement outcome of high school special education students as measured by English 1, biology, and algebra 1 as a function of gender, ethnicity, and years of inclusion. The study also examined the generalizations with confidence that could be made about the use of inclusion…

  4. Who succeeds at dental school? Factors predicting students' academic performance in a dental school in republic of Korea.

    PubMed

    Ihm, Jung-Joon; Lee, Gene; Kim, Kack-Kyun; Jang, Ki-Taeg; Jin, Bo-Hyoung

    2013-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine what cognitive and non-cognitive factors were responsible for predicting the academic performance of dental students in a dental school in the Republic of Korea. This school is one of those in Korea that now require applicants to have a bachelor's degree. In terms of cognitive factors, students' undergraduate grade point average (GPA) and Dental Education Eligibility Test (DEET) scores were used, while surveys were conducted to evaluate four non-cognitive measures: locus of control, self-esteem, self-directed learning, and interpersonal skills. A total of 353 students matriculating at Seoul National University School of Dentistry in 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008 consented to the collection of records and completed the surveys. The main finding was that applicants who scored higher on internal locus of control and self-efficacy were more likely to be academically successful dental students. Self-directed learning was significantly associated with students ranked in the top 50 percent in cumulative GPA. However, students' interpersonal skills were negatively related to their academic performance. In particular, students' lack of achievement could be predicted by monitoring their first-year GPA. Therefore, the identification of those factors to predict dental school performance has implications for the dental curriculum and effective pedagogy in dental education. PMID:24319133

  5. Future Longhorn Engineers: Academics at the Cockrell School of Engineering

    E-print Network

    Lightsey, Glenn

    information, please visit: www.engr.utexas.edu/undergraduate/ admission/calculus/ ENGINEERING SCHOLARSHIP School by visiting online: http://www.engr.utexas.edu/ undergraduate/whycockrell ENGINEERING MAJORS PROGRAM The Cockrell School of Engineering offers a variety of scholarships aimed at recognizing

  6. Future Longhorn Engineers: Academics at the Cockrell School of Engineering

    E-print Network

    Texas at Austin, University of

    online: engr.utexas.edu/undergraduate/ whycockrell ENGINEERING MAJORS The Cockrell School grants degrees /admission/calculus ENGINEERING SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM The Cockrell School of Engineering offers a variety. Students are highly encouraged to apply for university and engineering scholarships by completing

  7. Identifying the Comparative Academic Performance of Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bendikson, Linda; Hattie, John; Robinson, Viviane

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: One of the features of the New Zealand secondary schools system is that achievement closely reflects the taught curriculum. The National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) directly assesses student achievement on the secondary school curriculum through a combination of criterion-based internal and external assessments. The…

  8. School Resources and Academic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Valerie E.; Zuze, Tia Linda

    2011-01-01

    We investigate links between students' achievement and several resource inputs in African primary schools, using data from the 2000 Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ-II). We focused on four sub-Saharan countries that had in place legislation mandating free and universal primary schooling: Botswana,…

  9. Health Is Academic. A Guide to Coordinated School Health Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marx, Eva, Ed.; Wooley, Susan Frelick, Ed.; Northrop, Daphne, Ed.

    This book presents a collection of papers that define comprehensive school health programs and their components and provide action steps for their implementation at the local, state, and national levels: (1) "Linking Health and Learning: An Overview of Coordinated School Health Programs" (Floretta Dukes McKenzie and Julius B. Richmond); (2)…

  10. Breakfast, midday meals and academic achievement in rural primary schools in Uganda: implications for education and school health policy

    PubMed Central

    Acham, Hedwig; Kikafunda, Joyce K.; Malde, Marian K.; Oldewage-Theron, Wilna H.; Egal, AbdulKadir A.

    2012-01-01

    Background Underachievement in schools is a global problem and is especially prevalent in developing countries. Indicators of educational performance show that Uganda has done remarkably well on education access-related targets since the introduction of universal primary education in 1997. However, educational outcomes remain disappointing. The absence of school feeding schemes, one of the leading causes of scholastic underachievement, has not been given attention by the Ugandan authorities. Instead, as a national policy, parents are expected to provide meals even though many, especially in the rural areas, cannot afford to provide even the minimal daily bowl of maize porridge. Objective To assess and demonstrate the effect of breakfast and midday meal consumption on academic achievement of schoolchildren. Design, Materials and Methods We assessed household characteristics, feeding patterns and academic achievement of 645 schoolchildren (aged 9–15 years) in Kumi district, eastern Uganda, in 2006–2007, using a modified cluster sampling design which involved only grade 1 schools (34 in total) and pupils of grade four. Household questionnaires and school records were used to collect information on socio-demographic factors, feeding patterns and school attendance. Academic achievement was assessed using unstandardized techniques, specifically designed for this study. Results Underachievement (the proportion below a score of 120.0 points) was high (68.4%); in addition, significantly higher achievement and better feeding patterns were observed among children from the less poor households (p<0.05). Achievement was significantly associated with consumption of breakfast and a midday meal, particularly for boys (p<0.05), and a greater likelihood of scoring well was observed for better nourished children (all OR values>1.0). Conclusion We observed that underachievement was relatively high; inadequate patterns of meal consumption, particularly for the most poor, significantly higher scores among children from ‘less poor’ households and a significant association between academic achievement and breakfast and midday meal consumption. PMID:22347147

  11. The academic trajectories of children of immigrants and their school environments.

    PubMed

    Han, Wen-Jui

    2008-11-01

    Data from approximately 14,000 children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey--Kindergarten Cohort were analyzed to examine the associations between children's immigrant status and their academic trajectories from kindergarten to 3rd grade, with particular attention to the effects of school environments. Growth curve modeling results indicated that most children of Latin American origin improved their reading and math scores faster than non-Hispanic White children, thus narrowing their initial score gap and sometimes even surpassing White children by 3rd grade. In contrast, although they maintained higher reading and math scores, children from East Asia and India showed decreasing scores over time, which tended to narrow their initial score advantage over non-Hispanic White children. School-level factors accounted partially for these differences. Particularly in terms of the academic trajectories, children of Latin American origin responded more to school-level factors than did children of Asian origin, who responded more to child and family background, with the exception of children from Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos, who responded more to school-level factors. Simulation results point to the importance of school resources for the academic trajectories of children of immigrants. PMID:18999323

  12. Texas STaR Chart: A Tool for Planning and Assessing School Technology and Readiness Aligned with the Texas Long-Range Plan for Technology. Educational Technology Advisory Committee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Educational Technology Div.

    This document presents the Texas STaR (School Technology and Readiness) Chart, designed to help school districts determine their progress toward meeting the goals of the Texas Long-Range Plan for Technology. The chart provides indicators for four levels of progress (i.e., early, developing, advanced, or target technology) in the following focus…

  13. Missional Imaginations for Theological Education: Mixed Model, Exploratory, Action-Oriented Research Mapping the Theological Identity and Organizational Readiness for Change of Five Theological School Systems in the United States Originating after 1945

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Small, Kyle J. A.

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation explores the formal theologies and organizational readiness for change with a view towards adopting missional prototypes for theological education across a school's (system's) tradition, curriculum, and structure. The research assessed five theological schools in the United States through an exploratory, action-oriented,…

  14. A Comprehensive Partnership Approach Increasing High School Graduation Rates and College Enrollment of Urban Economically Disadvantaged Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Yvette; Sinatra, Richard; Eschenauer, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Described is a 4-year model of a Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Program (GEAR UP) offered to 294 academically and economically disadvantaged students and their parents during in- and out-of-school time activities through partnerships forged with school personnel and community-based agencies. In an urban high school where…

  15. From Guide to Practice: Improving Your After School Science Program to Increase Student Academic Achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taylor, J.

    2013-12-01

    Numerous science organizations, such as NASA, offer educational outreach activities geared towards after school. For some programs, the primary goal is to grow students' love of science. For others, the programs are also intended to increase academic achievement. For those programs looking to support student learning in out-of-school time environments, aligning the program with learning during the classroom day can be a challenge. The Institute for Education Sciences, What Works Clearinghouse, put together a 'Practice Guide' for maximizing learning time beyond the regular school day. These practice guides provide concrete recommendations for educators supported by research. While this guide is not specific to any content or subject-area, the recommendations provided align very well with science education. After school science is often viewed as a fun, dynamic environment for students. Indeed, one of the recommendations to ensure time is structured according to students' needs is to provide relevant and interesting experiences. Given that our after school programs provide such creative environments for students, what other components are needed to promote increased academic achievement? The recommendations provided to academic achievement, include: 1. Align Instruction, 2. Maximize Attendance and Participation, 3. Adapt Instruction, 4. Provide Engaging Experiences, and 5. Evaluate Program. In this session we will examine these five recommendations presented in the Practice Guide, discuss how these strategies align with science programs, and examine what questions each program should address in order to provide experiences that lend themselves to maximizing instruction. Roadblocks and solutions for overcoming challenges in each of the five areas will be presented. Jessica Taylor will present this research based on her role as an author on the Practice Guide, 'Improving Academic Achievement in Out-of-School Time' and her experience working in various informal science programs for NASA.

  16. Parental School Choices in Market-Oriented School Systems: Why Middle Class Asian Immigrants Self-Select into Specialized Academic Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padilla, Hoang-Thuy

    2012-01-01

    This study addresses racial segregation in schools by examining the self-selecting patterns of middle class Asian immigrant parents in a public non-charter school district who enrolled their children in specialized academic programs. This phenomenological study focused on the educational history and the decision-making process of school choice in…

  17. Longitudinal Study of an Operational Model for Enhancing Central City Youth's Self-Concept, Academic Achievement, Attitude Toward School, Participation in School, and Socialization/Maturation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logsdon, David M.; Ewert, Barbara

    This study has attempted to identify the longitudinal impact of a summer program model designed to enhance central city junior high school youth's self-concept, attitude toward school, participation in school, academic achievement, and socialization/maturation. Three sets of experimental/control groups were included in the study and after two…

  18. What Professional and Personal Strategies Do Successful Principals Possess to Cultivate a School Culture That Promotes Academic Success in a Blue Ribbon School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinney, Carlos LaTeetha

    2012-01-01

    Principals who are presiding over schools that have received a blue ribbon certification have evidently used specific professional and personal strategies, as well as behaviors, to enhance the academic and social culture of their schools. The current study examined Mississippi Gulf Coast Schools that received blue ribbon status in the last six…

  19. "Absence Makes the Heart Grow Fonder": Students with Chronic Illness Seeking Academic Continuity through Interaction with Their Teachers at School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkie, Karina J.

    2012-01-01

    Increasing numbers of young people experience disruption to their schooling owing to chronic illness. Absence from the day-to-day life of their school for prolonged or accumulative periods of time can erode their sense of belonging and create anxiety about falling behind academically. Maintaining positive connections to school can meet their…

  20. School Nurses' Familiarity and Perceptions of Academic Accommodations for Student-Athletes Following Sport-Related Concussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Michelle L.; Welch, Cailee E.; Parsons, John T.; Valovich McLeod, Tamara C.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate school nurses' familiarity and perceptions regarding academic accommodations for student-athletes following sport-related concussion. School nurses (N = 1,246) accessed the survey School Nurses' Beliefs, Attitudes and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (BAKPAC-SN). The BAKPAC-SN contained…

  1. Responding to the Academic and Social Needs of English Language Learners in High Schools with Shifting Demographics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosworth, Tina M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine how high schools with shifting demographics respond to the academic and social needs of English language learners. Increasingly schools and teachers are asked to teach students who come from homes where English is not the primary language. The implications of shifting demographics impacts high school

  2. The Evocative Influence of Child Academic and Social-Emotional Adjustment on Parent Involvement in Inner-City Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoglund, Wendy L. G.; Jones, Stephanie M.; Brown, Joshua L.; Aber, J. Lawrence

    2015-01-01

    The current study examines 3 alternative conceptual models of the directional associations between parent involvement in schooling (homework assistance, home-school conferencing, school-based support) and child adjustment (academic and social competence, aggressive behaviors). The parent socialization model tests the hypothesis that parent…

  3. Implementing a Universal Stress Management Program for Young School Children: Are there Classroom Climate or Academic Effects?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Solveig Holen; Trine Waaktaar; Arne Lervåg; Mette Ystgaard

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible academic and classroom climate effects of the universal school program Zippy's Friends, the primary objective of which is to strengthen children's ability to cope with stress. The sample consisted of 1483 children (aged 7–8 years) from 91 second-grade classes in 35 schools. The schools were matched and randomly assigned to

  4. Hurricane Readiness

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Hurricane Readiness Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook ... You can't stop a tropical storm or hurricane, but you can take steps now to protect ...

  5. Evidence for the Importance of Academic Word Knowledge for the Academic Achievement of Diverse Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Dianna; Filippini, Alexis; Collins, Penelope; Biancarosa, Gina

    2012-01-01

    Despite the current theoretical momentum for the importance of academic English and the acknowledgment that academic materials increase in complexity through the grades, little empirical attention has been devoted to the role of academic English in academic achievement. This study examined the amount of variance in academic achievement explained…

  6. Factors Affecting High School Students' Academic Motivation in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardre, Patricia L.; Chen, Ching-Huei; Huang, Su-Hua; Chiang, Chen-Ting; Jen, Fen-Lan; Warden, Leslie

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to investigate predictive relationships among student characteristics that influence motivation for learning and achievement. A non-Western sample was chosen to test the generalisability of findings outside the Western cultural and social models. The participants were 6,539 students from 14 public high schools

  7. Academic Language Socialization in High School Writing Conferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilliland, Betsy

    2014-01-01

    This study examines multilingual high school writers' individual talk with their teachers in two advanced English language development classes to observe how such talk shapes linguistically diverse adolescents' writing. Addressing adolescent writers' language socialization through microethnographic discourse analysis, the author…

  8. Academic excellence for business and the professions School of Informatics

    E-print Network

    Weyde, Tillman

    Engineering Student life at City How to apply Scholarships: Rewarding Excellence Map and contacts School of Informatics: Undergraduate courses City University London is o ering Scholarships of up to £ , per year to UK and Information Technology Undergraduate courses #12;#12;Contents Contents Welcome Why study at City? Research

  9. Residential Schools: Impact on Aboriginal Students' Academic and Cognitive Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Rosemary; Josefowitz, Nina; Cole, Ester

    2006-01-01

    Government commissions have demonstrated that residential schools' ability to educate aboriginal students was compromised by widespread problems including (a) inadequate curriculum, staffing, instruction time, and parental involvement; (b) racism; (c) prohibition against the use of aboriginal language; and (d) maltreatment. This article uses…

  10. Getting It Done: Leading Academic Success in Unexpected Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chenoweth, Karin; Theokas, Christina

    2011-01-01

    "Getting It Done" describes in clear and helpful detail what leaders of successful high-poverty and high-minority schools have done to promote and sustain student achievement. It follows two celebrated books by Karin Chenoweth: "It's Being Done," which established that the work of educating all children is possible, and "How It's Being Done,"…

  11. Adolescent Academic Outcomes in School Context: Network Effects Reexamined

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryabov, Igor

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the role of racial/ethnic segregation and peer effects in shaping educational achievement and attainment, using multi-level modeling on a nationally representative sample of adolescents. As in many prior studies, school socioeconomic composition was a significant predictor of achievement and attainment for students of all…

  12. USC Viterbi School of Engineering Global Academic Initiatives

    E-print Network

    Rohs, Remo

    Initiatives, China and East Asia Fluor Professor of Process Engineering MFD, MHEE, ISE 213-268-4703 sqin · Project/Proposals collaboration · Both Schools provide funding to encourage collaborations · International and improving efficiency of diesel engines ­ with TCC Foundation ­ China: Research projects for US

  13. Self-Regulation and Academic Achievement in Elementary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClelland, Megan M.; Cameron, Claire E.

    2011-01-01

    Self-regulation is a key construct in children's healthy and adaptive development. In this chapter, the authors situate self-regulation in a theoretical context that describes its underlying components that are most important for early school success: flexible attention, working memory, and inhibitory control. The authors review evidence that…

  14. School Readiness Report Card

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chase, Richard; Egbert, Andi; Valorose, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The Early Childhood Advisory Council (ECAC) in Minnesota makes recommendations to the Governor and Legislature, and is responsible for fulfilling the duties required by federal and state statutes. The Council was created in 2008 by the Governor's Executive Order 08-14. The ECAC consists of 18 members, including the State Director of the Head Start…

  15. Improving Academic Self-Efficacy, School Connectedness, and Identity in Struggling Middle School Girls: A Preliminary Study of the "REAL Girls" Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mann, Michael J.; Smith, Megan L.; Kristjansson, Alfgeir L.

    2015-01-01

    Girls struggling to be successful in middle school are often dealing with negative life experiences that affect their ability to achieve academically. Frequently, their academic failures and problem behaviors are associated with feeling overwhelmed by difficult and challenging life circumstances. In the absence of intervention, these patterns may…

  16. The relationship between verve and the academic achievement of African American and European American middle school students 

    E-print Network

    Hawkins, Torrance N.

    2006-04-12

    The purpose of this study was to examine if verve had any impact on the academic achievement of African American middle school students. The three guiding questions of this research were: 1. Is there a significant difference ...

  17. The Effects of the Primary Movement Programme on the Academic Performance of Children Attending Ordinary Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan-Black, Julie-Anne

    2005-01-01

    The present study investigated the prevalence of a primary reflex (the Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex) in children attending ordinary primary school and how this related to attainments in a number of academic areas. The effectiveness of a specific movement intervention programme in reducing primary reflex persistence and improving academic

  18. Planning Ahead: The Relationship among School Support, Parental Involvement, and Future Academic Expectations in African American Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trask-Tate, Angelique J.; Cunningham, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the social supports in the lives of African American adolescents that influence resilient academic outcomes. The authors examined 206 African American students to identify the role of parental involvement as a buffer in the relation between low school support and high academic expectations. Results…

  19. An Evaluative Study of the Academic Achievement of Homeschooled Students versus Traditionally Schooled Students Attending a Catholic University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Marc

    2013-01-01

    This research study was designed to provide a formal evaluation of the academic achievement of homeschooled students compared to traditionally schooled students attending a Catholic university located in South Florida. In addition, this study offers empirical data for all those interested in the academic success of homeschooled students in higher…

  20. The Impact of Principal Perception on Student Academic Climate and Achievement in High School: How Does It Measure Up?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urick, Angela; Bowers, Alex J.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the independent direct effects of student and principal perceptions of academic climate on student achievement in high school. To date, few studies have considered the influence of principal perceptions of academic climate on student achievement. In the present study, we test a set of two-level hierarchical…