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1

Academic Readiness for College: The Role of School Administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study utilized the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) to identify which characteristics of academically effective high schools are key determinants of students' academic readiness for college. A multilevel analysis shows that high school characteristics affect student preparation for college in four core subject areas: reading, math, science, and history. In addition, prior academic achievement is the strongest

Chul Lee; Eunyoung Kim

2010-01-01

2

Measuring Academic Readiness for College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school-college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governing…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.

2012-01-01

3

Measuring Academic Readiness for College  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school–college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governing Board, Achieve, and several states. The focus of this

Andrew C. Porter; Morgan S. Polikoff

2012-01-01

4

Measuring Academic Readiness for College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent years have seen increased attention to the high school-college transition. Students are enrolling in college in record numbers, yet they are also taking increasing numbers of remedial courses. How to measure and report on academic readiness for college is an important policy issue receiving attention from the National Assessment Governing…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.

2012-01-01

5

Kindergarten Readiness Skills: Predictors of Academic Potential  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between school readiness skills as measured by the Missouri KIDS and academic potential in reading and math as measured by the scores on the CTP4 in grades 2-4 in a private, independent school. This study identified which school readiness skills most accurately predict the need for…

Rawlings, Jennifer

2011-01-01

6

The Relative Effects of Chronological Age on Hispanic Students' School Readiness and Grade 2 Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relations of age, preschool experience, and gender with children's school readiness levels at kindergarten entry. The sample included 5,512 children of predominantly Hispanic heritage and from families experiencing low socioeconomic circumstances. A series of between-subjects ANOVAs indicated that age ("Eta"[superscript 2]…

Furlong, Michael; Quirk, Matthew

2011-01-01

7

Pathways to Ready Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

To encourage communities to play a more significant role in getting kids ready for school and schools ready for kids, the\\u000a W. K. Kellogg Foundation launched Supporting Partnerships to Assure Ready Kids (SPARK) in 2001. This nationwide initiative\\u000a emphasized community-based collaboration and the development of strategic infrastructures to support early care and education\\u000a and school readiness among at-risk children. As

Patrick A. Curtis; Kate Anderson Simons

2008-01-01

8

Promoting academic and social-emotional school readiness: the head start REDI program.  

PubMed

Forty-four Head Start classrooms were randomly assigned to enriched intervention (Head Start REDI-Research-based, Developmentally Informed) or "usual practice" conditions. The intervention involved brief lessons, "hands-on" extension activities, and specific teaching strategies linked empirically with the promotion of: (a) social-emotional competencies and (b) language development and emergent literacy skills. Take-home materials were provided to parents to enhance skill development at home. Multimethod assessments of three hundred and fifty-six 4-year-old children tracked their progress over the course of the 1-year program. Results revealed significant differences favoring children in the enriched intervention classrooms on measures of vocabulary, emergent literacy, emotional understanding, social problem solving, social behavior, and learning engagement. Implications are discussed for developmental models of school readiness and for early educational programs and policies. PMID:19037951

Bierman, Karen L; Domitrovich, Celene E; Nix, Robert L; Gest, Scott D; Welsh, Janet A; Greenberg, Mark T; Blair, Clancy; Nelson, Keith E; Gill, Sukhdeep

9

Rethinking School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the United States, for typically developing children, age has historically been the most common factor determining when a child starts formal schooling. Recently, there has been increased emphasis on other indicators of being ready for school. Beginning with Head Start in 1965 and mushrooming into state-funded prekindergarten programs in most…

Farran, Dale C.

2011-01-01

10

Parenting and Academic Socialization as They Relate to School Readiness: The Roles of Ethnicity and Family Income  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between parenting and children’s school readiness were examined within socioeconomically comparable samples of African American and Euro-American kindergarten children, mothers, and teachers. The moderating role of family income and ethnicity for the relationships between parenting behaviors, parental expectations, and school involvement and children’s early school performance were also examined. Although there were many similarities across ethnic groups in the

Nancy E. Hill

2001-01-01

11

Urban-Schooled Latina/os, Academic Literacies, and Identities: (Re)Conceptualizing College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative case study focuses on the early college experiences of five Latina/o urban-schooled students who graduated in the top 10% of their high school class, guaranteeing them admission into a prestigious four year state university. Although all participated in transition initiatives, and initially felt equipped to participate in…

Hungerford-Kresser, Holly; Amaro-Jimenez, Carla

2012-01-01

12

Promoting School Readiness in Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of the research, conducted on Oklahoma's universal Pre-kindergarten (Pre-k) program, on children of Tulsa Public Schools (TPS), the largest school district in the state to increase the school readiness are presented.

Gormley, William T., Jr.; Gayer, Ted

2005-01-01

13

At-Risk High School Students in the “Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness” Program (GEAR UP): Academic and Behavioral Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

  The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a GEAR UP intervention with at-risk high school students at a large urban high school in Florida. The goals of the GEAR UP program were to improve academic performance, decrease behavior-related problems, and reduce truancy and absenteeism. The study design consisted of a three-group comparison of the 447 students

Svetlana Yampolskaya; Oliver T. Massey; Paul E. Greenbaum

2006-01-01

14

Getting Ready: The 2010-2011 Maryland School Readiness Report. Children Entering School Ready to Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was developed in partnership with Ready At Five. It lays out the critical importance of children starting school fully prepared to succeed in kindergarten. Most importantly, the report shares what everyone has learned from the 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness (MMSR) data about the school readiness of Maryland's children:…

Maryland State Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

15

Forty Years of School Readiness Research: What Have We Learned?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of children's school readiness concerns parents and teachers worldwide. Kindergarten teachers have reported that approximately one-third of U.S. children entering school are ill-prepared to achieve success. Experts also warn that many children are entering school lacking the fundamental skills to achieve academic success. It is…

Winter, Suzanne M.; Kelley, Michael F.

2008-01-01

16

Readiness: Children and Their Schools. Getting Ready for Readiness: A Case Study. The ERIC Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The ERIC Review," announces research results, publications, and new programs relevant to each issue's theme topic. This issue exammines children's readiness to enter school, via two principal articles: "Readiness: Children and Their Schools," by Lilian G. Katz; and "Getting Ready for Readiness: A Case Study," by Laura J. Colker. In addition, the…

ERIC Review, 1992

1992-01-01

17

Culture, Health, and School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter will examine the intersections of culture\\u000a \\u000a , health\\u000a \\u000a , and school readiness\\u000a \\u000a from an international\\u000a \\u000a perspective. The interplay of these three constructs will be explored to study their individual and combined impact on developing\\u000a children across the globe. A review of empirical research will identify culturally sensitive practices that effectively promote\\u000a the health\\u000a \\u000a and school readiness\\u000a \\u000a of all

Suzanne M. Winter

18

Genetic Differences and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author considers whether differences in genetic endowment may account for racial and ethnic differences in school readiness. While acknowledging an important role for genes in explaining differences "within" races, he nevertheless argues that environment explains most of the gap "between" blacks and whites, leaving little role for genetics.…

Dickens, William T.

2005-01-01

19

Closing the Gap in Academic Readiness and Achievement: The Role of Early Childcare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Socially disadvantaged children with academic difficulties at school entry are at increased risk for poor health and psychosocial outcomes. Our objective is to test the possibility that participation in childcare--at the population level--could attenuate the gap in academic readiness and achievement between children with and without a…

Geoffroy, Marie-Claude; Cote, Sylvana. M.; Giguere, Charles-Edouard; Dionne, Ginette; Zelazo, Philip David; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel; Seguin, Jean. R.

2010-01-01

20

Exploring Patterns of Latino/a Children's School Readiness at Kindergarten Entry and Their Relations with Grade 2 Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study contributed to the school readiness literature by taking an intrachild perspective that examined the relations between Latino/a children's school readiness profiles and later academic achievement. Teachers rated the school readiness of 781 Latino/a kindergartners during the first month of school using the Kindergarten Student Entrance…

Quirk, Matthew; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Furlong, Michael

2013-01-01

21

Controlled Drawing Observation for Assessing a Child's Readiness for School and Predicting Academic Achievement at the End of the First Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Controlled Drawing Observation (CDO) was developed by Tove Krogh and it has been used in Denmark, Finland and Estonia for assessing a child's readiness for school. CDO is a group test, it gives information about a child's functioning in an educational setting and it serves as a starting point for later individual assessment. The goal of the study…

Haidkind, Pille; Kikas, Eve; Henno, Helen; Peets, Terje

2011-01-01

22

Health disparities and gaps in school readiness.  

PubMed

The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and analyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She explores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternal health problems and health-related behaviors that affect children's behavioral and cognitive readiness for school. If a health problem is to affect the readiness gap, it must affect many children, it must be linked to academic performance or behavior problems, and it must show a racial disparity either in its prevalence or in its effects. The author focuses not only on the black-white gap in health status but also on the poor-nonpoor gap because black children tend to be poorer than white children. The health conditions Currie considers seriously impair cognitive skills and behavior in individual children. But most explain little of the overall racial gap in school readiness. Still, the cumulative effect of health differentials summed over all conditions is significant. Currie's rough calculation is that racial differences in health conditions and in maternal health and behaviors together may account for as much as a quarter of the racial gap in school readiness. Currie scrutinizes several policy steps to lessen racial and socioeconomic disparities in children's health and to begin to close the readiness gap. Increasing poor children's eligibility for Medicaid and state child health insurance is unlikely to be effective because most poor children are already eligible for public insurance. The problem is that many are not enrolled. Even increasing enrollment may not work: socioeconomic disparities in health persist in Canada and the United Kingdom despite universal public health insurance. The author finds more promise in strengthening early childhood programs with a built-in health component, like Head Start; family-based services and home visiting programs; and WIC, the federal nutrition program for women, infants, and small children. In all three, trained staff can help parents get ongoing care for their children. PMID:16130544

Currie, Janet

2005-01-01

23

Children Entering School Ready to Learn: 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report shares what everyone has learned from the 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness (MMSR) data about the school readiness of Maryland's children: statewide, by subgroups, and for each of Maryland's 24 local jurisdictions. Some of the highlights are: (1) The percentage of Maryland kindergarteners fully ready to start school

Maryland State Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

24

Children's Readiness for School: Issues in Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the concept of school readiness and considers the purpose, content, and process of assessing children's school readiness. Notes that early childhood assessment is undertaken for numerous purposes but that these purposes are not always clear. Delineates different purposes for collecting data and discusses critical principles that could…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn

2003-01-01

25

School Readiness: Integrating Cognition and Emotion in a Neurobiological Conceptualization of Children's Functioning at School Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examines the construct of emotionality, developmental relations between cognition and emotion, and neural plasticity and frontal cortical functioning and proposes a developmental neurobiological model of children's school readiness. Direct links are proposed among emotionality, use-dependent synaptic stabilization related to the prefrontal cortex, the development of executive function abilities, and academic and social competence in school settings. The author

Clancy Blair

2002-01-01

26

Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Academic Behaviors Associated with College and Career Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this cross-validation study, the authors examined the psychometric properties of a measure of academic behaviors associated with college and career readiness intended for high school students. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted with a randomly selected portion of the sample (n = 413) and resulted in four reliable factors:…

Lombardi, Allison; Seburn, Mary; Conley, David

2011-01-01

27

Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Academic Behaviors Associated with College and Career Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this cross-validation study, the authors examined the psychometric properties of a measure of academic behaviors associated with college and career readiness intended for high school students. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted with a randomly selected portion of the sample (n = 413) and resulted in four reliable factors:…

Lombardi, Allison; Seburn, Mary; Conley, David

2011-01-01

28

Effect of Early Childhood Education Programs on School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A specific assessment for testing readiness skills is lacking for children entering kindergarten. This study investigates the influence of early education programs on school readiness and differences between male and female school readiness screening scores upon students' entrance into kindergarten. The study uses 321 school readiness screening…

Allen, Cynthia R.

2009-01-01

29

Closing the gap in academic readiness and achievement: the role of early childcare  

PubMed Central

Background Socially disadvantaged children with academic difficulties at school entry are at increased risk for poor health and psychosocial outcomes. Our objective is to test the possibility that participation in childcare – at the population level – could attenuate the gap in academic readiness and achievement between children with and without a social disadvantage (indexed by low levels of maternal education). Methods A cohort of infants born in the Canadian province of Quebec in 1997/1998 was selected through birth registries and followed annually until 7 years of age (n = 1,863). Children receiving formal childcare (i.e., center-based or non-relative out-of-home) were distinguished from those receiving informal childcare (i.e., relative or nanny). Measures from 4 standardized tests that assessed cognitive school readiness (Lollipop Test for School Readiness), receptive vocabulary (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test Revised), mathematics (Number Knowledge Test), and reading performance (Kaufman Assessment Battery for children) were administered at 6 and 7 years. Results Children of mothers with low levels of education showed a consistent pattern of lower scores on academic readiness and achievement tests at 6 and 7 years than those of highly educated mothers, unless they received formal childcare. Specifically, among children of mothers with low levels of education, those who received formal childcare obtained higher school readiness (d = 0.87), receptive vocabulary (d = 0.36), reading (d = 0.48) and math achievement scores (d = 0.38; although not significant at 5%) in comparison with those who were cared for by their parents. Childcare participation was not associated with cognitive outcomes among children of mothers with higher levels of education. Conclusions Public investments in early childcare are increasing in many countries with the intention of reducing cognitive inequalities between disadvantaged and advantaged children. Our findings provide further evidence suggesting that formal childcare could represent a preventative means of attenuating effects of disadvantage on children’s early academic trajectory.

Geoffroy, Marie-Claude; Cote, Sylvana. M.; Giguere, Charles-Edouard; Dionne, Ginette; Zelazo, Philip David; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel; Seguin, Jean. R.

2012-01-01

30

Healthy & Ready to Learn: Examining the Efficacy of an Early Approach to Obesity Prevention and School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collision of the childhood obesity epidemic with pressure to achieve high academic standards is of serious concern in the United States. Growing numbers of low-income, minority children face double jeopardy as alarming obesity rates further widen existing achievement gaps. Health and education disparities persist when children enter kindergarten lacking fundamental school readiness skills and are also at risk of

Suzanne M. Winter; Daniel A. Sass

2011-01-01

31

A Review of School Readiness Practices in the States: Early Learning Guidelines and Assessments. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 1, Issue 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on the importance of the early childhood years has compelled states to support children's school readiness. This brief provides an overview of states' Early Learning Guidelines (ELGs) and school readiness assessments and outlines the following considerations: (1) School Readiness is more than Academics; (2) Align standards in appropriate…

Daily, Sarah; Burkhauser, Mary; Halle, Tamara

2010-01-01

32

Development and Initial Validation of a Measure of Academic Behaviors Associated With College and Career Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this cross-validation study, the authors examined the psychometric properties of a measure of academic behaviors associated with college and career readiness intended for high school students. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted with a randomly selected portion of the sample (n = 413) and resulted in four reliable factors: Goal-driven Behaviors, Persistence, Study Skills, and Self-Monitoring. A confirmatory

Allison Lombardi; Mary Seburn; David Conley

2011-01-01

33

Emotional Development and School Readiness. Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes research on the contribution of young children's emotional competence to their school readiness. Describes ways early childhood teachers can support young children's emotional competence by creating a secure emotional environment, helping children understand emotions, modeling genuine appropriate emotions, supporting children's emotion…

Hyson, Marilou

2002-01-01

34

The Readiness Nursery in a Medical School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differential diagnosis of delayed language development in the preschool child at the Readiness Nursery of the New York University Medical School can be shown by three case histories. Diagnosis requires identification of factors involved in the origin and development of the child's language deficit both at the time of diagnosis and at the critical…

Silver, Archie A.

35

The Early ON School Readiness Project: A Preliminary Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Early ON School Readiness Project is an emerging community-based model aimed at promoting the school readiness of 3- to 5-year-old children in a metropolitan area with a predominantly Latino (Mexican-American) population. Using an ecological approach, the multi-component program seeks to enhance school readiness opportunities for children at…

Winter, Suzanne M.; Zurcher, Raymond; Hernandez, Arthur; Yin, Zenong

2007-01-01

36

Community Schools Seek to Improve High School Achievement, College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Coalition for Community Schools, an alliance of more than 150 national, state, and local organizations, is bringing public schools in partnership with community resources to improve student success. While that might seem like an abstract idea, it has very concrete goals, such as boosting high school graduation rates and college readiness.…

Gilroy, Marilyn

2011-01-01

37

In the running for Successful Outcomes: Exploring the Evidence for Thresholds of School Readiness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Children's school readiness has long been of interest to policymakers, educators and early childhood practitioners. Children enter school with a range of academic and social skills, with children from disadvantaged backgrounds (e.g., low-income and/or sin...

E. C. Hair M. Burchinal M. Zaslow R. Anderson T. G. Halle

2012-01-01

38

Arizona Academic Standards, High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains Arizona public schools' updated academic standards for high school. The contents of this document contain: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--High School; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Proficiency and Distinction (Grades 9-12); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Proficiency…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

39

Arizona Academic Standards, High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for high school. The contents of this document contain: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--High School; (2) Comprehensive Health Education Physical Activity Standards 1997--Proficiency and Distinction (Grades 9-12); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Proficiency and…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

40

Contemplating 'Thresholds' for School Readiness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What do children need to know and be able to do at the start of school to be in the running for long-term success. This is a question for which educators and policy makers would love to have a definitive answer. Yet, the answer remains elusive. There is g...

2012-01-01

41

Neuroscience Perspectives on Disparities in School Readiness and Cognitive Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article allows readers to look at racial and ethnic disparities in school readiness from a neuroscience perspective. Although researchers have traditionally measured gaps in school readiness using broad achievement tests, they can now assess readiness in terms of more specific brain-based cognitive functions. Three neurocognitive…

Noble, Kimberly G.; Tottenham, Nim; Casey, B. J.

2005-01-01

42

When fathers' supportiveness matters most: maternal and paternal parenting and children's school readiness.  

PubMed

Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 723) were used to test whether the effects of fathers' supportive parenting on children's school readiness are greater when mothers are least supportive. We distinguished between academic and social dimensions of school readiness. Mothers' and fathers' parenting was assessed in dyadic parent-child videotaped sessions during the preschool period. Results for both academic and social outcomes indicated that fathers' supportiveness had larger benefits for children at lower levels of mothers' supportiveness. In fact, fathers' supportiveness was associated with children's school readiness only when mothers scored average or below on supportiveness. Mothers' supportiveness was similarly associated with children's social school readiness when fathers scored average or below on supportiveness. However, mothers' supportiveness was associated with children's academic school readiness even when fathers scored above average on supportiveness. The results suggest that fathers may influence child development most as potential buffers against unsupportive mother parenting. Further research is needed to replicate these analyses in a less socioeconomically advantaged sample. PMID:20438190

Martin, Anne; Ryan, Rebecca M; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2010-04-01

43

Self-Regulation and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Findings: In this article, we review research on the relations of self-regulation and its dispositional substrate, effortful control, to variables involved in school success. First, we present a conceptual model in which the relation between self-regulation/effortful control and academic performance is mediated by low maladjustment and…

Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Eggum, Natalie D.

2010-01-01

44

Self-Regulation and School Readiness.  

PubMed

RESEARCH FINDINGS: In this article, we review research on the relations of self-regulation and its dispositional substrate, effortful control, to variables involved in school success. First, we present a conceptual model in which the relation between self-regulation/effortful control and academic performance is mediated by low maladjustment and high-quality relationships with peers and teachers, as well as school engagement. Then we review research indicating that effortful control and related skills are indeed related to maladjustment, social skills, relationships with teachers and peers, school engagement, as well as academic performance. PRACTICE OR POLICY: Initial findings are consistent with the view that self-regulatory capacities involved in effortful control are associated with the aforementioned variables; only limited evidence of mediated relations is currently available. PMID:21234283

Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Eggum, Natalie D

2010-09-01

45

Narratives as Learning Tools to Promote School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special issue presents quantitative and qualitative research on how narratives can be used as learning tools to promote school readiness. The articles focus on interventions investigating how families' oral narrating style impacts children's school readiness and how schools introduce children to narratives via teacher instruction, books, and testing assessments. The sample populations in the studies range in diversity from

Stephanie M. Curenton

2010-01-01

46

Reactive Attachment Disorder: Implications for School Readiness and School Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School readiness and functioning in children diagnosed with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) are important issues due to the dramatic impact RAD has on multiple areas of development. The negative impact of impaired or disrupted early relationships, characterized by extreme neglect, abuse, parental mental illness, domestic violence, and repeated…

Schwartz, Eric; Davis, Andrew S.

2006-01-01

47

Early Childhood Housing Instability and School Readiness.  

PubMed

This study assesses the consequences of housing instability during the first 5 years of a child's life for a host of school readiness outcomes. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (n = 2,810), this study examines the relation between multiple moves and children's language and literacy and behavior problems at age 5. The moderating role of poverty is further tested in this relation. The findings show that moving three or more times in a child's first 5 years is significantly associated with increases in attention problems, and internalizing and externalizing behavior, but only among poor children. PMID:23534607

Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M; McKenna, Claire C

2013-03-27

48

Disrupting the impact of socio-contextual disadvantage on school readiness skill attainment among preschool children: The role of Head Start attendance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Created in 1965, Head Start is the longest running national school readiness program in the United States. Head Start was developed to improve children's social and academic readiness for kindergarten and to reduce the academic achievement gap between impoverished and more affluent children. However, questions about the effectiveness of Head Start have trouble the program since its inception. Head Start

Kristin Leigh Callahan

2010-01-01

49

School Readiness for Infants and Toddlers? Really? Yes, Really!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If it is true that "new discoveries in neuroscience suggest that school readiness interventions might come too late if they start after the child is three years old", then the infant/toddler field must claim the concept of school readiness. The brain's foundation for all later learning is created in the first three years of life. As many…

Petersen, Sandra

2012-01-01

50

Assessing Readiness for Geometry in Mathematically Talented Middle School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on research on the geometric understanding of regular and gifted middle school students, this article describes a procedure for assessing geometry readiness in mathematically able middle school students. The procedure utilizes the vanHiele model of stages of geometric understanding and distinguishes between readiness for algebra and…

Mason, Marguerite M.; Moore, Sara Delano

1997-01-01

51

[School readiness survey of Montreal children starting school].  

PubMed

The aim of the survey was to provide a picture of the school readiness of 5-year-old Montréal children starting school and to identify disparities between neighbourhoods and the socio-economic factors determining these differences. 10,513 children were assessed using the Early Development Instrument. The results show that in Montréal, one child in three is vulnerable in at least one area of school readiness. Figures range from 22% to 43% in the different territories. A significant association was found between parents' level of education and the vulnerability of children. Differences between languages are found when analyzing school readiness based on groups of children by mother tongue. A comparative analysis between Montréal and two other large Canadian cities shows that the average score of children in Montréal is higher than the average score of Vancouver children in all areas and higher than the average score of Toronto children in two areas. The differences between territories in Montréal raise questions about public policies and inequalities in access to services and resources between affluent and less affluent neighbourhoods. A comparative analysis between Montréal and two Canadian cities provides a nuanced view of the perception of child vulnerability in Montréal when compared to the rest of Canada. PMID:22730606

Laurin, Isabelle; Lavoie, Sylvie; Guay, Danielle; Boucheron, Laurence; Durand, Danielle; Goulet, Nathalie

52

Kindergarten School Readiness and Fourth-Grade Literacy and Numeracy Outcomes of Children with Special Needs: A Population-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In British Columbia, Canada, two population-based databases have been linked at the level of the individual child: the "Early Development Instrument", a Kindergarten school readiness measure; and the "Foundation Skills Assessment", a Grade Four academic assessment. Utilising these linked data, we explored the early school readiness, literacy, and…

Lloyd, Jennifer E. V.; Irwin, Lori G.; Hertzman, Clyde

2009-01-01

53

Is School Community Readiness Related to Physical Activity before and after the Ready for Recess Intervention?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine: (i) the effect of schools' baseline community readiness (CR) on youth physical activity (PA) at recess prior to the Ready for Recess intervention; (ii) if changes in PA due to the intervention were explained by baseline CR and (iii) if specific components of the intervention altered an association…

Ehlers, Diane K.; Huberty, Jennifer L.; Beseler, Cheryl L.

2013-01-01

54

Children Are Ready to Learn, but Are We? The Role of Adult Relations in School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrary to the concept of school readiness as achieving a particular set of attributes considered essential for educational success, this article is grounded in the assumption that all children are ready to learn, but what they are expected to learn varies widely from one cultural setting and historic period to another. The authors challenge the…

Abo-Zena, Mona M.; New, Rebecca Staples

2012-01-01

55

Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools through P-20 Councils: A View from Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an overview and summary of the Arizona Governor's Forum: Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools. The forum, supported by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the Education Commission of the States, was held on May 30, 2008 in Phoenix, Arizona. Six dozen educators, education experts and advocates gathered during the one-day forum to map out…

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2008

2008-01-01

56

School Districts-University Partnerships: A College-Readiness Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on how ten school districts and a state university system address a state-funded college readiness program for high school student achievement in mathematics and English. It addresses in qualitative and quantitative detail: (a) the school-university partnership designed to decrease the number of high school students that require…

Labas, Gladys; Minaya Rowe, Liliana

2010-01-01

57

Strengthening Social and Emotional Competence in Young Children—The Foundation for Early School Readiness and Success Incredible Years Classroom Social Skills and Problem-Solving Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability of young children to manage their emotions and behaviors and to make meaningful friendships is an important prerequisite for school readiness and academic success. Socially com- petent children are also more academically successful and poor social skills are a strong predictor of academic failure. This article describes The Incredible Years Dinosaur Social Skills and Problem- Solving Child Training

Carolyn Webster-Stratton; M. Jamila Reid

58

The Foundations of Learning Framework: A Model for School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the National Education Goals Panel was convened in 1991, school readiness for all children has remained a high priority across our nation. The Foundations of Learning Framework is a tool to understand what it means for a child to be "ready." Preparation for educational success requires two key ingredients--relationships and play. In the…

Sorrels, Barbara

2012-01-01

59

Parent Engagement and School Readiness: Effects of the Getting Ready Intervention on Preschool Children's Social–Emotional Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Parental engagement with children has been linked to a number of adaptive characteristics in preschool children, and relationships between families and professionals are an important contributor to school readiness. Furthermore, social–emotional competence is a key component of young children's school readiness. This study reports the results of a randomized trial of a parent engagement intervention (Getting Ready) designed

Susan M. Sheridan; Lisa L. Knoche; Carolyn P. Edwards; James A. Bovaird; Kevin A. Kupzyk

2010-01-01

60

Children Entering School Ready To Learn: School Readiness Baseline Information. Preliminary Report, School Year 2000-01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to better establish baseline information on the social, physical, linguistic, and cognitive skills of children entering Maryland kindergartens, the state selected the Work Sampling System (WSS), a component of the Maryland Model for School Readiness, as the early childhood assessment system for evaluating entering kindergartners' skills…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

61

Mothers' achievement beliefs and behaviors and their children's school readiness: A cultural comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explored the relationships among mothers' attributional beliefs, mothers' behaviors, and children's school readiness in European- and Chinese-American mothers and their 4-year-olds. Mothers rated the importance of ability, effort, teachers, and parents as causes of children's academic success, and reported how many times in the previous week they had read with their children. Children's autonomy and mothers' encouragement of children's

C. Ryan Kinlaw; Beth Kurtz-Costes; Jenifer Goldman-Fraser

2001-01-01

62

Revisiting School Readiness: Washington County, Oregon, Summer 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose and Methods: This report is the second benchmark study to assess the system of supports for school readiness. The data for this study was collected in the fall of 2006 on 537 entering kindergarten children and their families in eight representative schools across the County. The ecological model and methods from the first study, which was…

Severeide, Rebecca

2007-01-01

63

Readiness and Adjustments to School for Children with Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR): An Extreme Test Case Paradigm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This long-term, prospective study evaluated repeatedly school readiness and adjustment at kindergarten and first grade of children with extreme intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR; n = 20) in relation to controls (n = 19). Methods included individual testing of cognitive competence, self-perception, motivation, loneliness and academic

Geva, Ronny; Yosipof, Rina; Eshel, Rina; Leitner, Yael; Valevski, Aviva Fattal; Harel, Shaul

2009-01-01

64

Social-Emotional School Readiness: How Do We Ensure Children Are Ready to Learn?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article begins with a review of research providing evidence that social-emotional competence is a key component of school readiness and that the foundations for social-emotional competence are laid down in the earliest years. We go on to review effective practices and specific interventions that have been found to strengthen children's…

Gray, Sarah A. O.; Herberle, Amy E.; Carter, Alice S.

2012-01-01

65

School Readiness among Low-Income, Latino Children Attending Family Childcare versus Centre-Based Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Latino children often struggle in school. Early childhood education programmes are seen as critical for fostering children's school readiness. Latino families often choose family childcare (FCC) over centre-based childcare (CBC), yet little is known about the school readiness of Latino children attending FCC. We compared school readiness over the…

Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

2012-01-01

66

Low Birth Weight and School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In the United States black women have for decades been twice as likely as white women to give birth to babies of low birth weight who are at elevated risk for developmental disabilities. Does the black-white disparity in low birth weight contribute to the racial disparity in readiness? The author summarizes the cognitive and behavioral problems that beset many

Nancy E. Reichman

2005-01-01

67

Low Birth Weight and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States black women have for decades been twice as likely as white women to give birth to babies of low birth weight who are at elevated risk for developmental disabilities. Does the black-white disparity in low birth weight contribute to the racial disparity in readiness? The author summarizes the cognitive and behavioral problems…

Reichman, Nancy E.

2005-01-01

68

Readiness and School Improvement: Strategies for Enhancing Dissemination and Implementation of Expanded School Mental Health Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this paper is to describe efforts to promote effective dissemination and adoption of an evidence-based school improvement model that incorporates expanded school mental health practices. A systematic readiness and capacity assessment process was used to identify and select pilot schools and school districts for participation in the Ohio Community Collaboration Model for School Improvement (OCCMSI: Anderson-Butcher

Paul D Flaspohler; Dawn Anderson-Butcher; Jerry Bean; Robert W. Burke; Carl E. Paternite

2008-01-01

69

Community Readiness for Self-Managed School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The concept of Self-managing schools involving local community members, teachers and parents with the formation of School Management Committee is gaining ground in Nepal after the world conference on education for all (WCEFA) held in Jomtien, Thailand in the year 1990. Transferring the management of public schools in the hand of willing community…

Rajbhandari, Mani Man Singh

2007-01-01

70

The School Engagement Project: Academic Engagement Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Academic Engagement Enhancement (AEE) model provides a framework for improving skills of older students who struggle with the acquisition and development of reading. This model was developed as part of a broader intervention program aimed at promoting academic and social competence of youth who were at risk of school failure. The strategies…

Gut, Dianne M.; Farmer, Thomas W.; Bishop-Goforth, Jennifer; Hives, Jacqueline; Aaron, Annie; Jackson, Frances

2004-01-01

71

Assessing School Academic Productivity: The Case of Chicago School Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the issues raised in using standardized achievement test scores for purposes of examining the academic productivity of schools. We critique some commonly used practices by urban school districts and suggest an alternative approach - the school productivity profile. This profile is based on an assessment of each school's contribution to student learning, or value-added, rather than just

ANTHONY BRYK; JOHN Q. EASTON; STUART LUPPESCU

1998-01-01

72

African American Father Involvement and Preschool Children's School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A developmental ecological model was used to identify child attributes, father characteristics, and familial factors associated with multidimensional father involvement with preschool children enrolled in Head Start. The relations between father involvement and children's school readiness were also investigated. Eighty-five African American…

Downer, Jason T.; Mendez, Julia L.

2005-01-01

73

Early Care and Prekindergarten Care as Influences on School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child care is increasingly viewed as an opportunity to enhance children’s development and school readiness, with prekindergarten programs and early intervention programs targeting children at different moments of development. Results of existing research are mixed, and although many children experience different child care arrangements at different ages, little is known about the joint influence of early and later child care

Maryah Stella Fram; Jinseok Kim; Sunny Sinha

2012-01-01

74

Early Care and Prekindergarten Care as Influences on School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child care is increasingly viewed as an opportunity to enhance children's development and school readiness, with prekindergarten programs and early intervention programs targeting children at different moments of development. Results of existing research are mixed, and although many children experience different child care arrangements at…

Fram, Maryah Stella; Kim, Jinseok; Sinha, Sunny

2012-01-01

75

The Role of Parent Education in Achieving School Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Goal One of the National Education Goals states that, by the year 2000, every child in America will start school ready to learn. The second objective under this goal (that parents will be their child's first teacher, devote time daily to helping their child learn, and receive training and support) emphasizes the important role parents play in…

Stief, Elizabeth A.

76

Predicting School Readiness: The Validity of Developmental Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of the predictive validity of the Gesell School Readiness Screening Test with 84 kindergarten-age children found the procedure effective in predicting child success or failure in kindergarten and that within four-six years the chronological age of children entering kindergarten is unrelated to eventual success of failure in…

Wood, Chip; And Others

1984-01-01

77

Clemson Collaborates on School Readiness in South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Extending Education" focused on national education goals of readiness for school and retention until graduation and on strategies outlined in the American 2000 plan. The formal education system helps young children acquire basic knowledge and competencies. However, national educational goals identified needs for: (1) greater linkages between…

Weatherford, Carol G.; Bagby, Sara Ayers

2004-01-01

78

Home Environments and Young Latino Children's School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploratory study examined the relations among characteristics of children's home environments and two school readiness skills: their oral language and social functioning. Low SES Latino mothers of 122 (65 girls; 57 boys) preschoolers (39-49 months (M=45.00; S.D.=5.40) completed questionnaires about their family demography, their home…

Farver, Jo Ann M.; Xu, Yiyuan; Eppe, Stefanie; Lonigan, Christopher J.

2006-01-01

79

Aurora City Schools Kindergarten Math Readiness Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The program goals and objectives for Kindergarten mathematics readiness in Aurora City Schools are listed and described. Consideration of Kindergarten Philosophy, the diverse population of students, the organizational design of adopted textbooks, child development and learning styles, are all assessed in establishing scope and sequence. The…

Aurora City Schools, OH.

80

Preschoolers' Academic Readiness: What Role Does the Teacher-Child Relationship Play?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the role of the teacher-child relationship quality (close, dependent, and conflictive) on preschoolers' (N=95) academic readiness for kindergarten, and we tested children's prosocial and aggressive behavior and peer group exclusion as mediators of this relation. A unique feature of this study is the ethnically and socio-economically…

Palermo, Francisco; Hanish, Laura D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Fabes, Richard A.; Reiser, Mark

2007-01-01

81

Does Executive Function Mediate SES and Home Quality Associations with Academic Readiness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the extent to which executive function (EF) mediated associations of socioeconomic status (SES) and home-environment quality with academic readiness (math, letter and word identification, and knowledge of story-and-print concepts). Forty-nine 54-66-month old children and their mothers participated in a home observation and…

Dilworth-Bart, Janean E.

2012-01-01

82

Preschoolers' Academic Readiness: What Role Does the Teacher-Child Relationship Play?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined the role of the teacher-child relationship quality (close, dependent, and conflictive) on preschoolers' (N=95) academic readiness for kindergarten, and we tested children's prosocial and aggressive behavior and peer group exclusion as mediators of this relation. A unique feature of this study is the ethnically and socio-economically…

Palermo, Francisco; Hanish, Laura D.; Martin, Carol Lynn; Fabes, Richard A.; Reiser, Mark

2007-01-01

83

Television Viewing, Educational Quality of the Home Environment, and School Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers examined relationships among children's television viewing, school readiness, parental employment, and the home environment's educational quality. Thirty low-income parents completed surveys. Their preschoolers completed IQ and school readiness assessments. Television viewing adversely related to school readiness and the home…

Clarke, Angela Teresa; Kurtz-Costes, Beth

1997-01-01

84

Getting Kids Ready for School in Rural America. Rural Education Issue Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|National Education Goal One, "All children in America will start school ready to learn," seems simple, but being ready for school requires meeting certain needs related to physical, social, emotional, cognitive, and language development. Families, schools, and communities each have responsibilities in these areas. Families in "ready" homes…

Perroncel, Carol B.

85

The Early Developmental Competencies and School Readiness of Low-Income, Immigrant Children: Influences of Generation, Race/Ethnicity, and National Origins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Though much valuable research has been conducted on the academic achievement of school-age immigrant youth, less is known about the early developmental competencies of immigrant children during the preschool years. This study describes the school readiness of 2194 low-income children receiving subsidies to attend child care with emphasis on how…

De Feyter, Jessica Johnson; Winsler, Adam

2009-01-01

86

School Climate, Academic Performance, Attendance, and Dropout.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Correlates of the teacher scales from the Effective School Battery (ESB) were examined in the Charleston County School District (CCSD) in South Carolina. Focus was on determining the relations between the ESB teacher scales and student academic achievement, progress through the grades, attendance, and dropout. This study was conducted as part of a…

Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.

87

Families and Schools Influence Academic Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most people probably assume that the quality and type of education that children receive in school influences academic progress, but may be less clear about the ways in which parents can also influence outcomes. When a child has a developmental disability then the most people will be less confident about predicting the effects of schools or…

Buckley, Sue

2008-01-01

88

Academic Intrinsic Motivation in Elementary and Junior High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of three studies are presented that demonstrate the significance of academic intrinsic motivation for children's education. As predicted, academic intrinsic motivation was found to be significantly and positively correlated with children's school achievement and perceptions of academic competence and negatively correlated with academic anxiety. Evidence supported the view that academic intrinsic motivation is differentiated into school subject areas (reading,

Adele Eskeles Gottfried

1985-01-01

89

Parental Conceptions of School Readiness: Relation to Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Children's Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: This study analyzed the school readiness beliefs of parents of 452 children from public pre-kindergarten and the relations of these beliefs to socioeconomic status and children's readiness skills. Parents conceived readiness largely in terms of the ability to name objects, letters, or numbers, but few included inferential skills. Readiness beliefs were related not to socioeconomic status but to

Oscar A. Barbarin; Diane Early; Richard Clifford; Donna Bryant; Pamela Frome; Margaret Burchinal; Carollee Howes; Robert Pianta

2008-01-01

90

Readiness for Self-directed Learning and Academic Performance in an Abilities Laboratory Course  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the relationship between readiness for self-directed learning, academic performance on self-directed learning activities, and resources used to prepare for an abilities laboratory course. Methods The Self-directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS) was administered to first-year (P1) doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) candidates at the University of Maryland. Additional data collected included final course grades, quiz scores, resources used to prepare for laboratory activities, and demographics. Results The mean SDLRS score was 148.6 ± 13.8. Sixty-eight students (44%) scored > 150, indicating a high readiness for self-directed learning. These students were more likely to complete assignments before the laboratory, meet in study groups, and report postgraduation plans to enter noncommunity pharmacy. No significant association was found between academic performance and the SDLRS. Conclusions Readiness for self-directed learning is associated with self-directed learning habits, but may not be necessary for learning foundational knowledge, provided students are given specific instructions on what to study. Whether high readiness for self-directed learning is necessary for more complex learning or for self-identification of learning needs is unknown.

Huynh, Donna; Rochester, Charmaine; Sturpe, Deborah A.; Kiser, Katie

2011-01-01

91

School Board Advocacy: Ready, Aim, Inspire!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is said that "all politics are local," and the same can be said about advocacy and school boards. Advocacy is essential for retaining the progress that's been made in the past, and for building a foundation and network for the future. Advocating for preferred programs, curricula and initiatives has always been important. As a starting point,…

Dowd, Karen

2010-01-01

92

Academic performance of subsequent schools and impacts of early interventions: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in Head Start settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of subsequent school contexts in the long-term effects of early childhood interventions has received increasing attention, but has been understudied in the literature. Using data from the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), a cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in Head Start programs, we investigate whether the intervention had differential effects on academic and behavioral outcomes in kindergarten if children

Fuhua Zhai; C. Cybele Raver; Stephanie M. Jones

2012-01-01

93

Defining School Readiness in Maryland: A Multi-Dimensional Perspective. Publication #2012-44  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased emphasis has been placed on children's ability to enter kindergarten ready to learn, a concept referred to as "school readiness." School readiness has been defined by the Maryland State Department of Education as "the stage of human development that enables a child to engage in, and benefit from, primary learning experiences." Components…

Forry, Nicole; Wessel, Julia

2012-01-01

94

Child-care subsidies and school readiness in kindergarten.  

PubMed

The federal child-care subsidy program represents one of the government's largest investments in early care and education. Using data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, this study examines associations, among subsidy-eligible families, between child-care subsidy receipt when children are 4 years old and a range of school readiness outcomes in kindergarten (sample n ? 1,400). Findings suggest that subsidy receipt in preschool is not directly linked to subsequent reading or social-emotional skills. However, subsidy receipt predicted lower math scores among children attending community-based centers. Supplementary analyses revealed that subsidies predicted greater use of center care, but this association did not appear to affect school readiness. PMID:23461769

Johnson, Anna D; Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2013-03-05

95

Impact of School Readiness Program Interventions on Children's Learning in Cambodia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To reduce the high repetition rates in early years of primary school, the government of Cambodia piloted a school readiness program (SRP) in the first two months of Grade 1 of primary school. This study examines whether such intervention has effects on students' immediate acquisition of school readiness skills as well as students' longer term…

Nonoyama-Tarumi, Yuko; Bredenberg, Kurt

2009-01-01

96

Does High School Employment Affect High School Academic Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Survey data from 1979 to 1983 show that regular employment of high school students at modest weekly hours was associated with higher grades within grade levels. Extensive school-year employment had large, significant negative effects on the academic performance of minority students. Summer jobs had no effect on grades. (SK)|

Oettinger, Gerald S.

1999-01-01

97

Does high school employment affect high school academic performance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes how school year employment affected high school academic performance among a sample of young people surveyed between 1979 and 1983. Regular employment at modest weekly hours was associated with higher grades within each grade level, but between-grade transitions into and out of employment were accompanied by very slight performance declines and gains, respectively. While the average effect

Gerald S. Oettinger

1999-01-01

98

Toddler Working Memory Skills Predict Kindergarten School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Converging findings in psychology, neuroscience, education, and economics suggests that child persistence in learning represents an important determinant of academic success during the school years. Nevertheless, the developmental origins of productive learning behaviors are not well understood. Some findings suggest that executive function…

Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Pagani, Linda S.

2012-01-01

99

Toddler Working Memory Skills Predict Kindergarten School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Converging findings in psychology, neuroscience, education, and economics suggests that child persistence in learning represents an important determinant of academic success during the school years. Nevertheless, the developmental origins of productive learning behaviors are not well understood. Some findings suggest that executive function skills…

Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Pagani, Linda S.

2012-01-01

100

School Resources and the Academic Achievement of Canadian Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study estimates the impact of schools' physical resources and teachers' academic press on students' academic achievement in mathematics and reading when a number of important student variables are controlled. Academic press is defined as teachers' emphasis on academic excellence and upholding academic standards (McDill, Natriello, & Pallas,…

Wei, Yichun; Clifton, Rodney A.; Roberts, Lance W.

2011-01-01

101

Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this paper is to review relationships of academic performance and some of its determinants to participation in school-based physical activities, including physical education (PE), free school physical activity (PA) and school sports. Methods Linkages between academic achievement and involvement in PE, school PA and sport programmes have been examined, based on a systematic review of currently available literature, including a comprehensive search of MEDLINE (1966 to 2007), PSYCHINFO (1974 to 2007), SCHOLAR.GOOGLE.COM, and ERIC databases. Results Quasi-experimental data indicate that allocating up to an additional hour per day of curricular time to PA programmes does not affect the academic performance of primary school students negatively, even though the time allocated to other subjects usually shows a corresponding reduction. An additional curricular emphasis on PE may result in small absolute gains in grade point average (GPA), and such findings strongly suggest a relative increase in performance per unit of academic teaching time. Further, the overwhelmingly majority of such programmes have demonstrated an improvement in some measures of physical fitness (PF). Cross-sectional observations show a positive association between academic performance and PA, but PF does not seem to show such an association. PA has positive influences on concentration, memory and classroom behaviour. Data from quasi-experimental studies find support in mechanistic experiments on cognitive function, pointing to a positive relationship between PA and intellectual performance. Conclusion Given competent providers, PA can be added to the school curriculum by taking time from other subjects without risk of hindering student academic achievement. On the other hand, adding time to "academic" or "curricular" subjects by taking time from physical education programmes does not enhance grades in these subjects and may be detrimental to health.

Trudeau, Francois; Shephard, Roy J

2008-01-01

102

Improved Middle Grades Schools for Improved High School Readiness: Ten Best Practices in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2009, the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) Committee to Improve High School Graduation Rates and Achievement, led by then-Governor Sonny Perdue of Georgia, released a report of 10 key recommendations for ensuring more students graduate from high school, and they graduate ready for college and careers. Among these 10 recommendations was…

Bottoms, Gene; Timberlake, Allison

2012-01-01

103

A Study of Pre-School Children's School Readiness Related to Scientific Thinking Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to compare school readiness of children who had pre-school experiences and children without such experiences on the basis of scientific thinking skills. This comparison is held in terms of variables of age, gender, and socio economic status. The questions of the study in relation to the purpose of the study are as…

Unutkan, Ozgul Polat

2006-01-01

104

Counseling on early childhood concerns: sleep issues, thumb sucking, picky eating, and school readiness.  

PubMed

Sleep issues, thumb sucking, coping with picky eating, and determining if a child is ready for school are common concerns of families with young children. Information and resources to help counsel on these topics include recommendations from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the American Dental Association, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Infant sleep times can be prolonged by unmodified or graduated extinction, maintaining routines, scheduled awakenings, and parent education. Thumb sucking can be addressed with positive reinforcement, alternative comfort measures, reminders, and child involvement in solutions. Worry about picky eating can be eased by educating parents about the dietary requirements of toddlers. Social and emotional factors most influence kindergarten success. Keeping children from starting school may not be in their best interest academically. PMID:19621854

Tseng, Ann G; Biagioli, Frances E

2009-07-15

105

The Condition of College & Career Readiness, 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1959, ACT has collected and reported data on students' academic readiness for college. This report provides a college and career readiness snapshot of the ACT-tested high school class of 2011. ACT has long defined college and career readiness as the acquisition of the knowledge and skills a student needs to enroll and succeed in…

ACT, Inc., 2011

2011-01-01

106

Measuring School Readiness: How Do We Know When We're on Track?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Arizona and around the country, there is an increased focus on ensuring that children start school ready to learn. Noting that the best way to know if Arizona's children are starting school ready to learn is to track their progress, this booklet details indicators or benchmarks in five categories used to measure the state's progress in school

Children's Action Alliance, Phoenix, AZ.

107

Examining the Relationship Between Neighborhood Environment and School Readiness for Kindergarten Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the current research project, the relationship between neighborhood environment and school readiness was investigated. To measure neighbourhood environment, data from the 2001 Canadian Census were used, while school readiness was measured using the Early Development Instrument (EDI). EDI data were collected for kindergarten children across British Columbia, Canada, in the school years 2000\\/2001 through 2004\\/2005 by the Human Early

Vanessa R. Lapointe; Laurie Ford; Bruno D. Zumbo

2007-01-01

108

The Relations of Early Television Viewing to School Readiness and Vocabulary of Children from Low-Income Families: The Early Window Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Collected time-use diaries of television viewing from two cohorts of children (ages 2-5 and 4-7) from low-income families and gave annual tests of reading, math, receptive vocabulary, and school readiness. Found that viewing of child-audience informative programs between ages 2 and 3 predicted higher academic performance. Frequent viewers of…

Wright, John C.; Auston, Aletha C.; Murphy, Kimberlee C.; St. Peters, Michelle; Pinon, Ronda Scantlin; Kotler, Jennifer

2001-01-01

109

Effects of Academic Coaching on Elementary and Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors assessed the effects of out-of-school hours academic coaching on students' (at academic performance on end-of-year examinations in English, mathematics, and science; (b) attainment of academic scholarships; and (c) acceptance to Gifted and Talented (GT) classes and selective high schools. Participants were 1,724 elementary and…

Kenny, Dianna T.; Faunce, Gavin

2004-01-01

110

Academic Self-Concept, Gender and Single-Sex Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article assesses gender differences in academic self-concept for a cohort of children born in 1958 (the National Child Development Study). It addresses the question of whether attending single-sex or co-educational schools affected students' perceptions of their own academic abilities (academic self-concept). Academic self-concept was found…

Sullivan, Alice

2009-01-01

111

Academic Self-Concept, Gender and Single-Sex Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses gender differences in academic self-concept for a cohort of children born in 1958 (the National Child Development Study). It addresses the question of whether attending single-sex or co-educational schools affected students' perceptions of their own academic abilities (academic self-concept). Academic self-concept was found…

Sullivan, Alice

2009-01-01

112

Early Childhood Care and Education: Effects on Ethnic and Racial Gaps in School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The authors examine black, white, and Hispanic children's differing experiences in early child- hood care and education and explore links between these experiences and racial and ethnic gaps in school readiness. Children who attend center care or preschool programs enter school more ready to learn, but both the share of children enrolled in these programs and the quality of

Katherine A. Magnuson; Jane Waldfogel

2005-01-01

113

Early Learning and School Readiness: Can Early Intervention Make a Difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children’s experiences prior to kindergarten entry are correlated with degree of cognitive development and school readiness as measured by standardized assessments of cognitive and linguistic performance. Children from economically poor and undereducated families are at elevated risk for lack of school readiness due to less knowledge and skill. This article reviews evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that were designed

Craig T. Ramey; Sharon L. Ramey

2004-01-01

114

Minnesota School Readiness Year Two Study: Developmental Assessment at Kindergarten Entrance, Fall 2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large and growing body of research supports the critical relationship between early childhood experiences and successful life-long outcomes. Assessing the readiness of children as they enter school is a high priority. This report describes findings from Year Two of the assessment of school readiness with a larger random sample of children…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

115

EFFECTIVENESS OF THE HEAD START PROGRAM IN ENHANCING SCHOOL READINESS OF CULTURALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|TO STUDY THE EFFECT OF A 6-WEEK HEAD START PROGRAM ON THE SCHOOL READINESS OF 81 CULTURALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN IN EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH, LOUISIANA, COMPARISONS WERE MADE BETWEEN HEAD START AND NONCULTURALLY DEPRIVED CHILDREN. IQ SCORES AND CULTURAL-SOCIOLOGICAL-ECONOMICAL STATUS INFLUENCE UPON SCHOOL READINESS WERE STUDIED. ALL CHILDREN INVOLVED…

CHESTEEN, HILLIARD E., JR.; AND OTHERS

116

Child, Family and Community Characteristics Associated with School Readiness in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated demographic differences in school readiness within Jordan, a particularly interesting context because of widespread national reform currently sweeping the education system in Jordan. Teacher reports and researcher direct assessments of the school readiness of a national sample of 4681 Jordanian first grade children…

Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.

2009-01-01

117

Differential Caregiver and Teacher Ratings of School Readiness in a Disadvantaged Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although differential ratings by multiple informants are an important issue in survey design, few studies test the degree of difference between informants. This study examined differences in caregiver and teacher ratings of school readiness of children from a disadvantaged urban community in Ireland. School readiness was assessed using the Short…

Doyle, Orla; Finnegan, Sarah; McNamara, Kelly A.

2012-01-01

118

School Readiness and Later Achievement: A French Canadian Replication and Extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

We first replicated the data analytic strategy used in Duncan et al. (2007) with a population-based data set of French-speaking children from Quebec (Canada). Prospective associations were examined between cognitive, attention, and socioemotional characteristics underlying kindergarten school readiness and second grade math, reading, and general achievement. We then extended this school readiness model by including motor skills as an additional

Linda S. Pagani; Caroline Fitzpatrick; Isabelle Archambault; Michel Janosz

2010-01-01

119

Social Information Processing Patterns, Social Skills, and School Readiness in Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The links among social information processing, social competence, and school readiness were examined in this short-term longitudinal study with a sample of 198 preschool children. Data on social information processing were obtained via child interview, data on child social competence were obtained via teacher report, and data on school readiness

Ziv, Yair

2013-01-01

120

The Perception Of School Board Members And Their Role In Improving College And Career Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The national focus of graduating America's students ready for college and a career has heightened the importance of and the need for school board members to rethink their purpose on what and how they spend their time. Improving the college and career readiness of K-12 students will need school boards that are willing to receive the training to ensure that

Sara Elaine Farris

2012-01-01

121

Academic correlates of Taiwanese senior high school students' happiness.  

PubMed

This study examined the relation between academic factors and senior high school students' general happiness using a nationally representative sample of 11,061 11th graders in Taiwan. Pearson correlation analyses indicated that English teacher-perceived academic performance, mathematics teacher-perceived academic performance, teacher academic support, classmate academic support, organizational processes, and school satisfaction were positively related to students' general happiness,while disturbance in class was negatively related. Regression analysis found that objective academic achievement, mathematics teacher-perceived academic achievement, classmate academic support, disturbance in class, organizational processes, and most importantly, students' overall appraisals of their own happiness with school helped predict students' general happiness, account for 18.4% of the total variance. Among these variables, objective academic achievement and disturbance in class were negatively associated with general happiness. Some of the study's findings are consistent with those in the literature and some extend established accounts, while others point to future research directions. PMID:20432611

Chen, Su-Yen; Lu, Luo

2009-01-01

122

Social information processing patterns, social skills, and school readiness in preschool children.  

PubMed

The links among social information processing, social competence, and school readiness were examined in this short-term longitudinal study with a sample of 198 preschool children. Data on social information processing were obtained via child interview, data on child social competence were obtained via teacher report, and data on school readiness were obtained via child assessment (early literacy skills) and teacher report (approaches to learning). Findings provided support for our hypothesis that both social information processing and social competence are related to school readiness. Social competence also partially mediated the link between social information processing and school readiness, thereby supporting our hypothesis about an indirect path in which mental processes are translated into social skills and then translated into school readiness. PMID:23046690

Ziv, Yair

2012-10-06

123

Patterns of School Readiness Forecast Achievement and Socioemotional Development at the End of Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A person-oriented approach examined patterns of functioning in social and executive function domains at 54 months and in turn forecasted 5th-grade socioemotional and achievement outcomes for 944 children. Six distinct profiles of 54-month school readiness patterns predicted outcomes in 5th grade with indications of cross-domain association…

Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C.

2012-01-01

124

School Environment and Academic Achievement of Standard IX Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study School Environment and Academic Achievement of standard IX students was probed to find the relationship between School Environment and Academic Achievement of standard IX students. Data for the study were collected using self-made School Environment Scale (SES). The investigator used stratified random sampling technique for…

Lawrence, A. S. Arul; Vimala, A.

2012-01-01

125

Using Positive Behavior Support Procedures in Head Start Classrooms to Improve School Readiness: A Group Training and Behavioral Coaching Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social-emotional competence is an important determinant of school readiness. School readiness, in turn, sets the stage for school success. There is clear longitudinal evidence that school success, attachment and bonding to the schooling process, and full engagement of schooling can, in combination, operate as a protective factor against a host of…

Feil, Edward G.; Walker, Hill; Severson, Herbert; Golly, Annemieke; Seeley, John R.; Small, Jason W.

2009-01-01

126

Using Positive Behavior Support Procedures in Head Start Classrooms to Improve School Readiness: A Group Training and Behavioral Coaching Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social-emotional competence is an important determinant of school readiness. School readiness, in turn, sets the stage for school success. There is clear longitudinal evidence that school success, attachment and bonding to the schooling process, and full engagement of schooling can, in combination, operate as a protective factor against a host of…

Feil, Edward G.; Walker, Hill; Severson, Herbert; Golly, Annemieke; Seeley, John R.; Small, Jason W.

2009-01-01

127

Using Positive Behavior Support Procedures in Head Start Classrooms to Improve School Readiness: A Group Training and Behavioral Coaching Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional competence is an important determinant of school readiness. School readiness, in turn, sets the stage for school success. There is clear longitudinal evidence that school success, attachment and bonding to the schooling process, and full engagement of schooling can, in combination, operate as a protective factor against a host of long-term health risk behaviors and negative outcomes. Herein, we

Edward G. Feil; Hill Walker; Herbert Severson; Annemieke Golly; John R. Seeley; Jason W. Small

2009-01-01

128

Predicting Early Academic Failure in High School From Prior Academic Achievement, Psychosocial Characteristics, and Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the differential effects of prior academic achievement, psychosocial, behavioral, demographic, and school context factors on early high school grade point average (GPA) using a prospective study of 4,660 middle-school students from 24 schools. The findings suggest that (a) prior grades and standardized achievement are the strongest predictors of high school GPA and (b) psychosocial and behavioral factors

Alex Casillas; Steve Robbins; Jeff Allen; Yi-Lung Kuo; Mary Ann Hanson; Cynthia Schmeiser

2012-01-01

129

The New School Counselor: Strategies for Universal Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New School Counselor provides school administrators and school counselor educators, supervisors, and practitioners with a unified understanding of the new roles and functions of the school counselor. Schellenberg introduces standards blending, a systems-focused, integrated, and student-centered approach that directly and overtly aligns school counseling programs with academic achievement missions. Each chapter includes relevant research, literature, key players, real world

Rita C. Schellenberg

2008-01-01

130

School Factors That Promote Academic Resilience in Urban Latino High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this ex post facto quantitative study was to examine the relationship between the academic optimism of schools and academic resilience in urban Latino high school students attending those schools. This study sought to address three research ideas. First, it was hypothesized that, consistent with previous research, student achievement is related to the level of academic optimism of

Christine Michelle Fallon

2010-01-01

131

Biculturalism and Academic Achievement of African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Biculturalism was examined as a factor that may positively affect the academic achievement of African American high school students, beyond cultural identity and self-esteem. Hierarchical regression analyses determined that cultural identity and academic self-esteem were important factors for academic achievement, but not biculturalism.…

Rust, Jonathan P.; Jackson, Margo A.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Blumberg, Fran C.

2011-01-01

132

School Readiness Enrichment in Rural Wisconsin Title 1 Schools using K-3 SMART Neuro-Educational Programming (Stimulating Maturity through Accelerated Readiness Training): An Interim Report May 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

First-grade and kindergarten readiness results, as well as word recognition and auditory discrimination measures are reported for grades K-3 in rural Wisconsin Title 1 schools using the SMART neuro-educational program as compensatory enrichment of regular low SES\\/economically disadvantaged students (excluding repeaters and special education). May Metropolitan Readiness Test-6 th Edition scores from daily all-day kindergartens showed significantly higher Pre-Reading Composite

Lyelle L. Palmer; Karen Olson Proffit; M. A. Bob DeBoer

133

Ready to learn? Children's pre-academic achievement in pre-Kindergarten programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined children's growth in school-related learning and social skills over the pre-Kindergarten (pre-K) year in state-funded programs designed to prepare children for kindergarten. We expected that children's gains in academic and social skills could be attributed to variations in the structural and classroom process dimensions of program quality. Nearly 3000 (n=2800) children were randomly selected, four per classroom, from

Carollee Howes; Margaret Burchinal; Robert Pianta; Donna Bryant; Diane Early; Richard Clifford; Oscar Barbarin

2008-01-01

134

Predicting Early Academic Failure in High School from Prior Academic Achievement, Psychosocial Characteristics, and Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the differential effects of prior academic achievement, psychosocial, behavioral, demographic, and school context factors on early high school grade point average (GPA) using a prospective study of 4,660 middle-school students from 24 schools. The findings suggest that (a) prior grades and standardized achievement are the…

Casillas, Alex; Robbins, Steve; Allen, Jeff; Kuo, Yi-Lung; Hanson, Mary Ann; Schmeiser, Cynthia

2012-01-01

135

Contracting out Public Schools and Academic Performance: Evidence from Colombia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contracting out public schools to private institutions is an instrument for reforming public education as it may facilitate academic innovation and improve student academic performance through higher school accountability and autonomy. The degree of autonomy that different providers have may vary substantially depending on the contractual and…

Bonilla-Angel, Juan D.

2011-01-01

136

Integrating Academic Interventions into Small Group Counseling in Elementary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional school counselors face the challenge of delivering guidance and counseling services to students while connecting to the educational mission of schools. This article is a summary and evaluation of a small group counseling program that targets academic issues while addressing personal\\/social issues with elemen- tary-aged children. Results suggest that integrating academic interventions and group counseling im- proved students' behavior

Sam Steen; Carol J. Kaffenberger

137

Dominican students' voices on academic success in a middle school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this case study was to identify factors that contributed to the academic success of high achieving Dominican middle school students in a public school in New York City. The factors examined included the role of parents, teachers, peers, and participants' perceptions of themselves (self-perceptions). The study also examined how first and second language proficiency impact on academic

Joanne Medina

2001-01-01

138

Business School Deans on Student Academic Dishonesty: A Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While students and, to a lesser extent, faculty have been surveyed about the student academic dishonesty issue, deans have been virtually ignored. This paper reports the results of an online survey of business school deans on the issue. Deans' perceptions of the level of student academic dishonesty in their schools were much lower than the levels…

Brown, Bob S.; Weible, Rick J.; Olmosk, Kurt E.

2010-01-01

139

Academic Procrastination: Associations with Personal, School, and Family Variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Procrastination is a common behavior, mainly in school settings. Only a few studies have analyzed the associations of academic procrastination with students' personal and family variables. In the present work, we analyzed the impact of socio-personal variables (e.g., parents' education, number of siblings, school grade level, and underachievement) on students' academic procrastination profiles. Two independent samples of 580 and 809

Pedro Rosário; Marta Costa; José Carlos Núñez; Julio González-Pienda; Paula Solano; Antonio Valle

2009-01-01

140

National Profiles of School Readiness Skills for Head Start Children: An Investigation of Stability and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Among a nationally representative sample of 2336 Head Start children, patterns of school readiness were compared at the beginning and end of children's first preschool year, and predictors of stability and change across readiness profiles were examined. The present study documented that although the majority of children remain in a qualitatively…

McWayne, Christine M.; Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L.; Cheung, Katherine; Wright, Linnie E. Green

2012-01-01

141

Validation of the Lollipop Test: A Diagnostic Screening Test of School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The validity of the Lollipop Test: A Diagnostic Screening Test of School Readiness was examined by using the Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT), Level I, Form Q, as the criterion. The sample of 293 kindergarten pupils was administered the MRT by their teachers in classroom groups; the Lollipop Test was individually administered by qualified examiners. The statistical significance of all correlations

Alex L. Chew; John D. Morris

1984-01-01

142

Academic optimism and student achievement in urban elementary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this study was two-fold: to demonstrate a general construct of schools called academic optimism and to show it was related to student achievement in urban elementary schools, even controlling for socioeconomic factors, and school size. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected from 99 urban elementary schools in Texas and multiple regression and factor analyses were used

Page A. Smith; Wayne K. Hoy

2007-01-01

143

Investigating the Link between Home-School Dissonance and Academic Cheating among High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study examined the association between home-school dissonance and academic cheating among 344 high school juniors and seniors at two urban high schools. Students completed two subscales of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scale (PALS) and one subscale of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS). Analyses revealed that home-school

Brown-Wright, Lynda; Tyler, Kenneth M.; Stevens-Watkins, Danelle; Thomas, Deneia; Mulder, Shambra; Hughes, Travonia; Stevens-Morgan, Ruby; Roan-Belle, Clarissa; Gadson, Nadia; Smith, La Toya

2013-01-01

144

The Chinese High School Student's Stress in the School and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a sample of 466 Chinese high school students, we examined the relationships between Chinese high school students' stress in the school and their academic achievements. Regression mixture modelling identified two different classes of the effects of Chinese high school students' stress on their academic achievements. One class contained 87% of…

Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

2011-01-01

145

Are High Schools Failing Their Students? Strengthening Academic Rigor in the High School Curriculum. Newsletter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing concern about the academic proficiency of high school graduates has placed high school reform at the forefront of the education policy agenda. Critics have begun to question the degree of academic rigor in the nation's high schools, and many states and school districts are looking for ways to address this issue. This month's newsletter…

Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2006

2006-01-01

146

Effects of Preschool Curriculum Programs on School Readiness. Report from the Preschool Curriculum Evaluation Research Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A variety of preschool curricula is available and in widespread use, however, there is a lack of evidence from rigorous evaluations regarding the effects of these curricula on children's school readiness. The lack of such information is important as early...

2008-01-01

147

The School Readiness of Children Living in a Disadvantaged Area in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the multiple factors that contribute to the school readiness and early school progress of children living in an urban disadvantaged area. Structured interviews were undertaken with parents of children who had recently started school to elicit information about those aspects of children's health, and their home and…

Kiernan, Gemma; Axford, Nick; Little, Michael; Murphy, Cliona; Greene, Sheila; Gormley, Michael

2008-01-01

148

Readiness for school: A study of parent, teacher, and preschool provider perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

A possible gap exists between what parents and preschool providers know concerning children's readiness for school and what they should know when compared to teacher expectations. Students are experiencing difficulty in early schooling as a result of this gap in perspectives. This study's purpose was to describe, explain, and analyze the perspectives of parents, teachers, and preschool providers concerning school

Donna Elizabeth Williamson

2003-01-01

149

Finnish high school students' readiness to adopt online learning: Questioning the assumptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Finnish high school system in rural areas is facing challenges because of a decreasing number of the students. This situation places new emphasis on online learning. Online learning offers new possibilities for high schools to provide equal learning opportunities for their students. This paper explores students’ readiness to adapt their studying habits in the networked high schools by outlining

Teemu Valtonen; Jari Kukkonen; Patrick Dillon; Pertti Väisänen

2009-01-01

150

Design, Implementation, and Outcomes of a School Readiness Program for Diverse Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of a school-based readiness program for prekindergarten children (4-year-olds) and their families. The program was designed on the basis of a collaborative model of university-school partnership, and the program itself featured relationship-building between families and schools. The…

Pelletier, Janette; Corter, Carl

2005-01-01

151

Intelligence and School Readiness in Preschool Children With Prenatal Drug Exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This prospective, longitudinal study examined factors affecting intelligence and school readiness in children 4-5 years of age with prenatal cocaine\\/opiate exposure. Intelligence and school readiness scores were not significantly different for the drug-exposed group (N=104) than for unexposed, demographically matched controls (N=35), although both groups scored slightly below average. Caregivers of drug-exposed children scored significantly lower in intelligence and reading

Margaret B. Pulsifer; Krestin Radonovich; Harolyn M. E. Belcher; Arlene M. Butz

2004-01-01

152

Case Study of a California High School under Academic Sanctions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a mixed-methods case study of Antelope Valley High School (AVHS). AVHS was one of the first six schools in California to receive academic sanctions since the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. It was also the first high school to receive a State Trustee who was embedded at the school every day for two school years. AVHS…

Beam, Eric Adam

2008-01-01

153

Personality Traits and Intelligence Predict Academic School Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which personality traits and intelligence scores predict school level academic performance (AP), (British GCSE: General Certificate of Secondary Education; America Grade 10) in different disciplines. The participant sample consisted of approximately 250 school pupils from three schools in the South East of…

Furnham, Adrian; Monsen, Jeremy

2009-01-01

154

The Academic Resilience of Mexican American High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the academic resilience and achievement among Mexican American high school students. High-and low-achieving students were selectedfrom a database that included 2,169 Mexican American students in three California high schools. Resilient students (N = 133) reported receiving mostly A grades in high school, whereas nonresilient students (N = 81) reported mostly grades

Rosemary Gonzalez; Amado M. Padilla

1997-01-01

155

Building Academically Strong Gifted Programs in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ERIC Digest discusses relevant issues and alternatives for rural school districts trying to develop strong programs for their most academically talented students. Although rural schools are more often constrained by high costs and material shortages than are urban schools, there are opportunities inherent in the lower teacher-student ratios…

Luhman, Anna; Fundis, Ronald

156

States Seek High School Pathways Weaving Academic, Career Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Every student at Wheeling High School takes a full academic courseload. Many of the graduates of this 2,000-student school in Wheeling, Illinois, however, also emerge with significant experience in a career field. Those interested in health careers, for example, can work with student-athletes in the school's athletic training facility, earn a…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2013-01-01

157

Academic Performance of Subsequent Schools and Impacts of Early Interventions: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Head Start Settings.  

PubMed

The role of subsequent school contexts in the long-term effects of early childhood interventions has received increasing attention, but has been understudied in the literature. Using data from the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), a cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in Head Start programs, we investigate whether the intervention had differential effects on academic and behavioral outcomes in kindergarten if children attended high- or low-performing schools subsequent to the preschool intervention year. To address the issue of selection bias, we adopt an innovative method, principal score matching, and control for a set of child, mother, and classroom covariates. We find that exposure to the CSRP intervention in the Head Start year had significant effects on academic and behavioral outcomes in kindergarten for children who subsequently attended high-performing schools, but no significant effects on children attending low-performing schools. Policy implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:22773872

Zhai, Fuhua; Raver, C Cybele; Jones, Stephanie M

2012-05-01

158

The Effects of School Bonding on High School Seniors' Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine the effects of school bonding on academic achievement (measured by math achievement scores) in a sample of 12th graders from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (Ingels, Pratt, Rogers, Siegel, & Stutts, 2005). Components of school bonding have proximal and distal effects on academic achievement. Attachment to school and…

Bryan, Julia; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Gaenzle, Stacey; Kim, Jungnam; Lin, Chia-Huei; Na, Goeun

2012-01-01

159

Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population…

Milam, A. J.; Furr-Holden, C. D. M.; Leaf, P. J.

2010-01-01

160

Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population…

Milam, A. J.; Furr-Holden, C. D. M.; Leaf, P. J.

2010-01-01

161

The Effects of School Bonding on High School Seniors' Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examine the effects of school bonding on academic achievement (measured by math achievement scores) in a sample of 12th graders from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (Ingels, Pratt, Rogers, Siegel, & Stutts, 2005). Components of school bonding have proximal and distal effects on academic achievement. Attachment to school and…

Bryan, Julia; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Gaenzle, Stacey; Kim, Jungnam; Lin, Chia-Huei; Na, Goeun

2012-01-01

162

Academic Leadership in America's Public Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic leadership directly helps faculty members, administrative leaders, and professional support persons improve the quantity and quality of student learning. Those who regularly lead decision-making and action-taking processes in curriculum, instruction, and assessment of student learning can be called academic leaders. This article focuses on the need for improved academic leadership and examines models suggested by the Curriculum Leadership Institute,

Stu Ervay

2006-01-01

163

Year 2000 Readiness Kit: A Compilation of Y2K Resources for Schools, Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This kit was developed to assist the postsecondary education community's efforts to resolve the Year 2000 (Y2K) computer problem. The kit includes a description of the Y2K problem, an assessment of the readiness of colleges and universities, a checklist for institutions, a Y2K communications strategy, articles on addressing the problem in academic

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

164

Academic Success Among Students at Risk for School Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 1, 803 minority students from low-income homes was classified into 3 groups on the basis of grades, test scores, and persistence from Grade 8 through Grade 12; the classifications were academically successful school completers (\\

Jeremy D. Finn; Donald A. Rock

1997-01-01

165

Academic Freedom in the Public Schools. ERIC Digest No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This synthesis of current attitudes on academic freedom as defined by lower court and Supreme Court cases describes the (1) framework in which academic freedom operates, (2) powers and limitations of state legislatures and school officials in defining the curriculum and setting policy, (3) rights and limitations of teachers in making curricular…

Cook, Kay K.

166

Electronic Student Academic System (ESAS) For Secondary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays computers are used to manage daily works. School management uses computer to process academic assessments. For example, teachers store students mark and grades in computer software such as Microsoft Office. However computers are merely used to store students assessments and there are no systematic place for analyzing and turning that data into information and knowledge. Therefore, Electronic Student Academic

Junaida Sulaiman

2008-01-01

167

Assessing Factors Influencing Student Academic Success in Law School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The literature on student academic success of law students is limited to mostly single institution studies, and as such, a nationwide, multi-institutional empirical study of the factors that predict student academic success is greatly needed by higher education scholars, law school admission officers, faculty, and administrators. This…

Detwiler, Robert R.

2011-01-01

168

Comparing Self-Regulatory and Early Academic Skills as Predictors of Later Math, Reading, and Science Elementary School Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The achievement score gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged children at school entry is a major problem in education today. Identifying the skills critical for school readiness is an important step in developing interventions aimed at addressing these score gaps. The purpose of this study is to compare a number of school readiness skills with an eye toward finding out which are the best predictors of later academic achievement in math, reading, and science. The predictors were early reading, math, general knowledge, socioemotional skills, and motor skills. Data were obtained from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study of 1998 (NCES, 1998) database. While controlling for an extensive set of family characteristics, predictions were made across five years - from the end of kindergarten to the end of fifth grade. Consistent with current findings, reading and math skills predicted later achievement. Interestingly, general knowledge, attention, and fine motor skills also proved to be important predictors of later academic achievement, but socioemotional skills were not. The findings were interpreted from a neurobiological perspective involving the development of self-regulation. These school entry skills are used to predict later achievement in reading, math, and science. I argued that in addition to acquiring early academic knowledge, children need to regulate the use of this knowledge to meet academic goals.

Murrah, William M., III

169

Coming, Ready or Not: Aboriginal Children's Transition to School in Urban Australia and the Policy Push  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Concern that too many Australian children, particularly Indigenous children, are not ready to start school has spurred a series of changes to the pre-school sector. Included among these changes are nationwide mass surveying and the introduction of a unified curriculum framework together with moves towards standardised entry assessment. Focusing…

Taylor, Anthea Jo

2011-01-01

170

Building Bridges: A Comprehensive System for Healthy Development and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This policy brief describes the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative, a policy designed to improve early childhood programs to ensure that all children arrive at school healthy and ready to learn. The SECCS is intended to help states build a bridge from birth to school and addresses how states will support children and…

Halfon, Neal; Uyeda, Kimberly; Inkelas, Moira; Rice, Thomas

2004-01-01

171

Building Bridges: A Comprehensive System for Healthy Development and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief describes the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative, a policy designed to improve early childhood programs to ensure that all children arrive at school healthy and ready to learn. The SECCS is intended to help states build a bridge from birth to school and addresses how states will support children and…

Halfon, Neal; Uyeda, Kimberly; Inkelas, Moira; Rice, Thomas

2004-01-01

172

Early Child Care and the School Readiness of Children from Mexican Immigrant Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combining conceptual models from immigration and educational research, this study investigated whether a normative antecedent to the transition to formal schooling in the contemporary U.S. - early child care - links Mexican immigrant status to various aspects of school readiness. Regression models with nationally representative data revealed that children from Mexican immigrant families were overrepresented in parental care and underrepresented

Robert Crosnoe

2007-01-01

173

Improving Students' Readiness for College: Homewood-Flossmoor High School, Illinois District 233. Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper illustrates how Homewood-Flossmoor High School, Illinois District 233 addressed the decline in its student achievement results and improved college readiness among its students. This sharp decline caused school officials to stop and reevaluate what they were doing. A review of the facts led to a clear conclusion: "Rigorous coursework…

ACT, Inc., 2004

2004-01-01

174

College and Career Ready: Helping All Students Succeed beyond High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"College and Career Ready" offers educators a blueprint for improving high school so that more students are able to excel in freshman-level college courses or entry-level jobs-laying a solid foundation for lifelong growth and success. The book is filled with detailed, practical guidelines and case descriptions of what the best high schools are…

Conley, David T.

2010-01-01

175

The Relationship between Preschool Programming and School Readiness for Rural Children Entering Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children in the researcher's rural school district have limited opportunities for a high quality preschool programming that prepares them for school readiness. Quality preschool programming is defined as teachers with proper qualifications and training, small class size, stimulating curriculum, and parent involvement. The theoretical foundation…

Conway, Donna M.

2010-01-01

176

Resegregation in Minneapolis Public Schools: Tipping Points for Academic Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

What happens to achievement gaps in middle school test scores when the racial compositions of schools change? Existing research indicates that academic achievement on standardized tests is negatively related to high concentrations of non-white students in schools, and disproportionately affects non-white students. To explore this, I conducted a two-fold approach of analyzing school characteristics and student test scores from Minneapolis

Collin Cousins

2010-01-01

177

Ready to Go: Using the EXPLORE Test to Increase 8th Grade Readiness for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the 2009-10 academic year, 1,444 8th grade students in the Canton City, Plain and Marlington Local School Districts (hereafter called Stark students) took the EXPLORE Test as part of a pilot project, "Ready to Go: Increasing Eighth Grade Readiness," sponsored by the Stark Education Partnership with funding from the Ohio College Access…

Rochford, Joseph A.; O'Neill, Adrienne; Gelb, Adele

2010-01-01

178

Executive functions and school readiness intervention: impact, moderation, and mediation in the Head Start REDI program.  

PubMed

Despite their potentially central role in fostering school readiness, executive function (EF) skills have received little explicit attention in the design and evaluation of school readiness interventions for socioeconomically disadvantaged children. The present study examined a set of five EF measures in the context of a randomized-controlled trial of a research-based intervention integrated into Head Start programs (Head Start REDI). Three hundred fifty-six 4-year-old children (17% Hispanic, 25% African American; 54% girls) were followed over the course of the prekindergarten year. Initial EF predicted gains in cognitive and social-emotional skills and moderated the impact of the Head Start REDI intervention on some outcomes. The REDI intervention promoted gains on two EF measures, which partially mediated intervention effects on school readiness. We discuss the importance of further study of the neurobiological bases of school readiness, the implications for intervention design, and the value of incorporating markers of neurobiological processes into school readiness interventions. PMID:18606033

Bierman, Karen L; Nix, Robert L; Greenberg, Mark T; Blair, Clancy; Domitrovich, Celene E

2008-01-01

179

Engaging Academically at Risk Primary School Students in an ICT Mediated after School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study documents how a group of 14 academically at risk Primary 5 students (11 year olds) were engaged in academic related tasks in an after school program mediated by a "3-D Multi-User Virtual Environment (MUVE)." Although there was no significant difference in the students' academic performance, they were found to be more engaged in the…

Yong, Tay Lee; Ping, Lim Cher

2008-01-01

180

The Relationship between School Absence, Academic Performance, and Asthma Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Children with asthma experience more absenteeism from school compared with their nonasthma peers. Excessive absenteeism is related to lower student grades, psychological, social, and educational adjustment. Less is known about the relationship between the presence of asthma and the academic achievement in school-aged children. Since…

Moonie, Sheniz; Sterling, David A.; Figgs, Larry W.; Castro, Mario

2008-01-01

181

Bullying Experiences and Compromised Academic Performance across Middle School Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of the study was to examine whether bullying experiences are associated with lower academic performance across middle school among urban students.The ethnically diverse sample was drawn from a longitudinal study of 2,300 sixth graders (44% Latino, 26% African American, 10% Asian, 10% White, and 10% mixed) from 11 public middle schools.…

Juvonen, Jaana; Wang, Yueyan; Espinoza, Guadalupe

2011-01-01

182

Coach Brogan: South Central High School's Answer to Academic Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews the literature on high school athletics and the dynamics of athlete-coach relationships, describes the methodology of an ethnographic study of the culture of an inner-city high school swim team, and examines the characteristics and impact of one coach as he encouraged high academic achievement and talent development in his…

Hebert, Thomas P.

1995-01-01

183

Bullying Experiences and Compromised Academic Performance across Middle School Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of the study was to examine whether bullying experiences are associated with lower academic performance across middle school among urban students.The ethnically diverse sample was drawn from a longitudinal study of 2,300 sixth graders (44% Latino, 26% African American, 10% Asian, 10% White, and 10% mixed) from 11 public middle schools.…

Juvonen, Jaana; Wang, Yueyan; Espinoza, Guadalupe

2011-01-01

184

Two Worlds: Vocational and Academic Teachers in Comprehensive High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a 3-year research project, a study focused on the character and the consequences of vocational and academic teachers' professional identities and relationships within comprehensive high schools. Information was gathered through interviews, observations, and survey queries in five high schools in California and Michigan. The views of 35…

Little, Judith Warren

185

The Relationship between School Absence, Academic Performance, and Asthma Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with asthma experience more absenteeism from school compared with their nonasthma peers. Excessive absenteeism is related to lower student grades, psychological, social, and educational adjustment. Less is known about the relationship between the presence of asthma and the academic achievement in school-aged children. Since…

Moonie, Sheniz; Sterling, David A.; Figgs, Larry W.; Castro, Mario

2008-01-01

186

Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compare…

Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

2012-01-01

187

Community and Institutional Correlates of Academic Achievement in Georgia Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to determine the degree to which school and community factors influence mathematics and science achievement of public school students in Georgia. Of particular concern was identifying variables to assist educators, parents, and other child advocates in providing academic programs that are responsive to the needs of learners.…

Boggs, Olivia M.

188

Academic Optimism and Community Engagement in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships among academic optimism, community engagement, and student achievement in urban elementary schools across one district. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from all 35 urban elementary schools across one district in Virginia, USA. Correlation, multiple regression, and…

Kirby, Misty M.; DiPaola, Michael F.

2011-01-01

189

School Belonging, Educational Aspirations, and Academic Self Efficacy Among African American Male High School Students: Implications for School Counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

While academic self-efficacy is widely considered an individual cognitive variable, it may be influenced by a sense of belonging and connection to others in the school community. Using a correlation and multiple regression design, the study in this article examined the relationship between perceptions of school belonging, educational aspirations, and academic self-efficacy among 40 African American male high school stu-

H. George McMahon; Carolyn F. Furlow

190

Catholic High Schools and Rural Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the effects of rural Catholic high schools on achievement in mathematics, high school graduation rates, and the likelihood that high school graduates go on to college are examined. Estimates that are corrected for selection bias indicate that rural Catholic high schools have a positive effect on mathematics test scores and no effect on graduation rates or on

William Sander

1997-01-01

191

Longitudinal Analysis of Chinese High School Student's Stress in School and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In previous research, few studies have examined the effects of adolescents' stress in school on the change rates of their academic achievement. In the present study, we seek to examine the longitudinal relationships between adolescents' stress in school and the change rates of their academic achievement. The results indicated that for those whose…

Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

2011-01-01

192

Factors influencing the academic performance of school children with epilepsy.  

PubMed

The academic performance and intelligence quotient (IQ) of 50 children with epilepsy aged between 5 and 14 years, attending normal primary schools in Enugu, were compared with those of their non-epileptic classmates. The academic performance was assessed using the overall scores achieved in terminal examinations in the 2001-2002 academic year. IQ was assessed using the Draw-A-person Test. The influences of school absence rate, Rutter behavioural scores, socio-economic status and seizure-related variables on academic performance were then determined. Twenty-six percent of the children with epilepsy had a low overall score, and therefore poor academic performance, compared with 16% of the controls (p = 0.35). The mean IQ of the children with epilepsy was significantly lower than that of the controls (p = 0.02). The mean school absence rate for the children with epilepsy was significantly higher than that of the controls (p = 0.001). The mean Rutter score of the children with epilepsy was significantly higher than that for the controls (p < 0.001). On multiple linear regression analysis, only IQ (p = 0.01) and seizure type (p = 0.03) had significant predictive effects as risk factors for low overall scores and poor academic performance. It is concluded that the academic performance of epileptic children is influenced by their IQ and type of seizures rather than by other seizure variables or socio-demographic characteristics. PMID:17596293

Ibekwe, R C; Ojinnaka, N C; Iloeje, S O

2007-06-27

193

Snoring, intermittent hypoxia and academic performance in primary school children.  

PubMed

Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with impaired attention and neurocognitive deficits. We assessed the association of snoring and intermittent hypoxia with poor academic performance in third grade school children (1,144 children). Snoring frequency and intermittent hypoxia were investigated using parental questionnaire and nocturnal home pulse oximetry. Intermittent hypoxia was specified as desaturation events of 90% or less pulse oximeter saturation. Poor academic performance was defined as grade 4-6 on a six-point scale (i.e., approximately the lowest quintile grades) in mathematics, science, reading, spelling, and/or handwriting in the most recent school report. Snoring "always" was significantly associated with poor academic performance in mathematics (odds ratio; 95% confidence interval: 3.6; 1.3-10.1), science (4.3; 1.3-14.6), and spelling (3.5; 1.2-10.3). Snoring "frequently" was also significantly associated with poor academic performance in mathematics (2.4; 1.3-4.7) and spelling (2.0; 1.04-3.8). A significant relationship between snoring and poor academic performance was also found in children without intermittent hypoxia, whereas intermittent hypoxia did not show an independent association with poor academic performance. Thus, habitual snoring (i.e., snoring frequently or always) was associated with poor academic performance in these primary school children. PMID:12773324

Urschitz, Michael S; Guenther, Anke; Eggebrecht, Esther; Wolff, Judith; Urschitz-Duprat, Pilar M; Schlaud, Martin; Poets, Christian F

2003-05-28

194

Ready or Not, High School Graduates Are Going to College  

Microsoft Academic Search

A lack of clearly-stated academic requirements by Ohio colleges and universities was one reason remedial coursework was re quired of significant numbers of incoming freshmen. Here's what the state did to remedy that situation.

Irene G. Bandy

1985-01-01

195

College and Career Ready: Using Outcomes Data to Hold High Schools Accountable for Student Success. Education Sector Reports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of helping all students become college- and career-ready has become a focal point of American education. But most high school accountability systems are lagging behind, failing to recognize college- and career-ready goals. Most high schools are rated on only two measures: graduation rates and student scores on basic skills tests given in…

Aldeman, Chad

2010-01-01

196

Preparing Our Children To Learn. Report of the Select Committee on California Children's School Readiness and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report of the Select Committee on California Children's School Readiness and Health, established in 2001, examines the relationship between the status of a child's health and its impact on school readiness and achievement. The report is intended to promote and facilitate continued dialogue, exploration, and research on student health and…

Chan, Wilma

197

Evaluations of School Readiness Initiatives: What Are We Learning? SERVE's Expanded Learning Opportunities National Leadership Area Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraged by evidence linking quality early care/education programs and improved student outcomes, a variety of school readiness programs and initiatives have been created. This report reviews and synthesizes evaluation studies conducted on early childhood interventions, focusing on programs emphasizing a school readiness goal. The report…

Brown, Elizabeth G.; Scott-Little, Catherine

198

A Developmental Perspective for High School Practitioners On College and Workplace Readiness. Research Brief. Publication #2009-23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What skills and competencies do high school students need to master for future success? And what can high schools do to develop these skills? Research on skills has tended to focus either on college readiness or on workplace readiness, often in isolation and frequently without reference to what the broader field of youth development tells us…

Lippman, Laura; Whitney, Camille

2009-01-01

199

Can improving working memory prevent academic difficulties? a school based randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Low academic achievement is common and is associated with adverse outcomes such as grade repetition, behavioural disorders and unemployment. The ability to accurately identify these children and intervene before they experience academic failure would be a major advance over the current 'wait to fail' model. Recent research suggests that a possible modifiable factor for low academic achievement is working memory, the ability to temporarily store and manipulate information in a 'mental workspace'. Children with working memory difficulties are at high risk of academic failure. It has recently been demonstrated that working memory can be improved with adaptive training tasks that encourage improvements in working memory capacity. Our trial will determine whether the intervention is efficacious as a selective prevention strategy for young children at risk of academic difficulties and is cost-effective. Methods/Design This randomised controlled trial aims to recruit 440 children with low working memory after a school-based screening of 2880 children in Grade one. We will approach caregivers of all children from 48 participating primary schools in metropolitan Melbourne for consent. Children with low working memory will be randomised to usual care or the intervention. The intervention will consist of 25 computerised working memory training sessions, which take approximately 35 minutes each to complete. Follow-up of children will be conducted at 6, 12 and 24 months post-randomisation through child face-to-face assessment, parent and teacher surveys and data from government authorities. The primary outcome is academic achievement at 12 and 24 months, and other outcomes include child behaviour, attention, health-related quality of life, working memory, and health and educational service utilisation. Discussion A successful start to formal learning in school sets the stage for future academic, psychological and economic well-being. If this preventive intervention can be shown to be efficacious, then we will have the potential to prevent academic underachievement in large numbers of at-risk children, to offer a ready-to-use intervention to the Australian school system and to build international research partnerships along the health-education interface, in order to carry our further studies of effectiveness and generalisability.

2011-01-01

200

Let Children Start School When They're Ready!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Any given child should attend school full time when three parties agree that the time is right: the child, his or her parents, and the school officials. Arbitrary starting dates based on calendar age are outmoded and educationally unsound. (PGD)

Parsons, Cynthia

1985-01-01

201

High School Order and Academic Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to public opinion, the relationship between school order and achievement is neither simple nor certain. While research shows individuals who misbehave perform poorly in school, it has not made clear why. Further, the evidence on order and achievement at the school level is even more limited. One inference drawn here is that failure to…

Gaddy, Gary D.

202

Coordinated School Health Programs and Academic Achievement: A Systematic Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Few evaluations of school health programs measure academic outcomes. K-12 education needs evidence for academic achievement to implement school programs. This article presents a systematic review of the literature to examine evidence that school health programs aligned with the Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) model improve academic success. METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel of health researchers searched the literature related

Nancy G. Murray; Barbara J. Low; Christine Hollis; Alan W. Cross; Sally M. Davis

2007-01-01

203

Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social…

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2011-01-01

204

Profiles of School Readiness among Four-Year-Old Head Start Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study uses the Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) data from 1997 to investigate the degree to which child, family, classroom, teacher, and Head Start program characteristics are related to children's school readiness and continued development over the four-year-old Head Start year. Latent class analyses were used to examine the…

Halle, Tamara G.; Hair, Elizabeth C.; Wandner, Laura D.; Chien, Nina C.

2012-01-01

205

Setting the Stage for School Readiness: Early Childhood Education among Children in Immigrant Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every child in Kentucky needs quality early learning experiences for success in life. Quality preschool and child care are two ways to support the rapidly developing architecture of the human brain during the early years of life. High quality early care and education programs foster positive development, socialization and readiness for school. Kentucky benefits when every young child has access

Jenessa Bryan; Tara Grieshop-Goodwin

206

School Readiness Is about More than Knowing the ABC's and 123's  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gaping disparities in educational achievement exist at kindergarten entry. Research indicates that school readiness requires a holistic approach directed by the pivotal question: What will allow babies to become successful learners? By understanding the real-life situations of babies and their families in the context of their communities and…

Rose, Terrie

2012-01-01

207

Family and Sociodemographic Predictors of School Readiness among African American Boys in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, were used to examine the relation between parenting, sociodemographic characteristics, and school readiness among (N = 1,136) African American boys in kindergarten. Parenting was defined as parenting style (i.e., warmth and control), home learning…

Baker, Claire E.; Cameron, Claire E.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Grissmer, David

2012-01-01

208

Teachers' Readiness for Promoting Learner Autonomy: A Study of Japanese EFL High School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to investigate teachers' readiness for promoting learner autonomy. It attempts to do so by exploring the perceived importance of and the use of strategies for promoting learner autonomy among Japanese high school teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL). The paper reports on the research findings from two studies, one…

Nakata, Yoshiyuki

2011-01-01

209

Parenting through Play for School Readiness: Interim Report of Year One. Research Findings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 2-year project was undertaken to develop, test, and distribute a video-based program to train low-income parents in engaging their 3- to 5-year-old children in highly motivating play techniques in order to enhance children's cognitive, social and motor skills for school readiness. An evaluation was conducted of the Year One phase of the…

Singer, Jerome L.; Singer, Dorothy G.

210

The Effect of Home Visiting and Home Safety on Children's School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred and sixty-four children from a rural county in the state of Maryland, USA, were followed longitudinally from birth until kindergarten entry, tracking their participation in a home visiting program designed to enhance parent child interaction and school readiness. Results suggest that duration of home visiting had a positive, direct…

Schull, Christine Pegorraro; Anderson, Elaine A.

2008-01-01

211

School Readiness in Children Living in Non-Parental Care: Impacts of Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study examines the effects of Head Start on the development of school readiness outcomes for children living in non-parental care. Data were obtained from the Head Start Impact Study, a randomized controlled trial of Head Start conducted with a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs and families. The sample included…

Lipscomb, Shannon T.; Pratt, Megan E.; Schmitt, Sara A.; Pears, Katherine C.; Kim, Hyoun K.

2013-01-01

212

Family and Sociodemographic Predictors of School Readiness among African American Boys in Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research Findings: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, were used to examine the relation between parenting, sociodemographic characteristics, and school readiness among (N = 1,136) African American boys in kindergarten. Parenting was defined as parenting style (i.e., warmth and control), home…

Baker, Claire E.; Cameron, Claire E.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Grissmer, David

2012-01-01

213

Improving School Readiness: A Brief Report from the Palm Beach County Family Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than a decade, Florida's Palm Beach County has been building a system of prevention and early intervention services to promote and support the healthy development and school readiness of children from birth to age 8. The county began this effort with a set of programs focused on serving families in four targeted geographic areas that…

Spielberger, Julie; Gouvea, Marcia; Rich, Lauren

2012-01-01

214

Does the EDI Equivalently Measure Facets of School Readiness for Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the current paper was to examine the equivalence of the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher rating measure of school readiness, for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. The current study used an approach, which analyzes the structure and properties of the EDI at the subdomain level. Similar subdomain score distributions…

Muhajarine, Nazeem; Puchala, Chassidy; Janus, Magdalena

2011-01-01

215

Early Child Language Mediates the Relation between Home Environment and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Home environment quality is a well-known predictor of school readiness (SR), although the underlying processes are little known. This study tested two hypotheses: (a) child language mediates the association between home characteristics (socioeconomic status and exposure to reading) and SR, and (b) genetic factors partly explain the association…

Forget-Dubois, Nadine; Dionne, Ginette; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Perusse, Daniel; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel

2009-01-01

216

The Impact of Early Head Start on School Readiness: New Looks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special issue includes new analyses of data from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation (EHSRE) study. The goal of the issue is to further delineate how aspects of programs as well as family and contextual factors are implicated in the impact of Early Head Start on school readiness and parenting. The 4 sets of authors address the complex

Robert H. Bradley; Rachel Chazan-Cohen; Helen Raikes

2009-01-01

217

Disorganized attachment and social skills as indicators of Head Start children's school readiness skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships among social skills, dysregulation of symbolic representations of attachment, and school readiness were examined. Participants were 74 preschool children from low-income families in Midwest America. Attachment representations and dysregulation of symbolic representations of attachment were assessed using a story completion task (George & Solomon, 2000) and teachers completed a survey of child behavior, which was used to assess

Ann M. Stacks; Toko Oshio

2009-01-01

218

Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors used data from a large longitudinal birth cohort study of primarily low-income children in urban areas, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), to investigate the effects of Head Start participation on children's school readiness. The fact that their sample was mainly made up of disadvantaged families…

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2010-01-01

219

Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social…

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2011-01-01

220

School Readiness and Later Achievement: A French Canadian Replication and Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We first replicated the data analytic strategy used in Duncan et al. (2007) with a population-based data set of French-speaking children from Quebec (Canada). Prospective associations were examined between cognitive, attention, and socioemotional characteristics underlying kindergarten school readiness and second grade math, reading, and general…

Pagani, Linda S.; Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Archambault, Isabelle; Janosz, Michel

2010-01-01

221

School Engagement, Risky Peers, and Student-Teacher Relationships as Mediators of School Violence in Taiwanese Vocational versus Academically Oriented High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational tracking based on academic ability accounts for different school dynamics between vocational versus academically-oriented high schools in Taiwan. Many educational practitioners predict that the settings of vocational schools and academic schools mediate school violence in different ways. Alternatively, some researchers argue the…

Chen, Ji-Kang; Astor, Ron Avi

2011-01-01

222

The Effects of Turkish Parents' Child Rearing Behavior on School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of parents' child rearing behavior on school readiness of 5-6 year-old children in terms of socio-emotional development. The study sample consisted of 300 pre-school children at 5, 5.5, and 6 years of age. The results revealed that parents' behaviour with regard to the following activities all have…

Polat, Ozgul

2010-01-01

223

The Effects of Turkish Parents' Child Rearing Behavior on School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of parents' child rearing behavior on school readiness of 5–6 year-old children in terms of socio-emotional development. The study sample consisted of 300 preschool children at 5, 5.5, and 6 years of age. The results revealed that parents' behaviour with regard to the following activities all have a positive impact on school

Özgül Polat

2010-01-01

224

Background for Community-Level Work on School Readiness: A Review of Definitions, Assessments, and Investment Strategies. Final Report to the Knight Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that many communities in the United States have set the ambitious goal of enhancing school readiness, this report is intended to help communities invest wisely in school readiness initiatives. Part 1 of the report summarizes recommendations from the National Education Goals Panel (NEGP) for defining and assessing school readiness. The core…

Zaslow, Martha; Calkins, Julia; Halle, Tamara; Zaff, Jonathan; Margie, Nancy Geyelin

225

Background for Community-Level Work on School Readiness: A Review of Definitions, Assessments, and Investment Strategies. Final Report to the Knight Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that many communities in the United States have set the ambitious goal of enhancing school readiness, this report is intended to help communities invest wisely in school readiness initiatives. Part 1 of the report summarizes recommendations from the National Education Goals Panel (NEGP) for defining and assessing school readiness. The core…

Zaslow, Martha; Calkins, Julia; Halle, Tamara; Zaff, Jonathan; Margie, Nancy Geyelin

226

Early childhood care and education: effects on ethnic and racial gaps in school readiness.  

PubMed

The authors examine black, white, and Hispanic children's differing experiences in early childhood care and education and explore links between these experiences and racial and ethnic gaps in school readiness. Children who attend center care or preschool programs enter school more ready to learn, but both the share of children enrolled in these programs and the quality of care they receive differ by race and ethnicity. Black children are more likely to attend preschool than white children, but may experience lower-quality care. Hispanic children are much less likely than white children to attend preschool. The types of preschool that children attend also differ. Both black and Hispanic children are more likely than white children to attend Head Start. Public funding of early childhood care and education, particularly Head Start, is already reducing ethnic and racial gaps in preschool attendance. The authors consider whether further increases in enrollment and improvements in quality would reduce school readiness gaps. They conclude that incremental changes in enrollment or quality will do little to narrow gaps. But substantial increases in Hispanic and black children's enrollment in preschool, alone or in combination with increases in preschool quality, have the potential to decrease school readiness gaps. Boosting enrollment of Hispanic children may be especially beneficial given their current low rates of enrollment. Policies that target low-income families (who are more likely to be black or Hispanic) also look promising. For example, making preschool enrollment universal for three- and four- year-old children in poverty and increasing the quality of care could close up to 20 percent of the black-white school readiness gap and up to 36 percent of the Hispanic-white gap. PMID:16130546

Magnuson, Katherine A; Waldfogel, Jane

2005-01-01

227

An Intervention to Promote Social Emotional School Readiness in Foster Children: Preliminary Outcomes From a Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Foster children are at great risk for poor school outcomes. Given that school readiness is a powerful predictor of later school success, the promotion of school readiness skills in foster children is an opportunity for preventive intervention. Results are presented from a preliminary evaluation of a program designed to improve school readiness in foster children. Twenty-four foster children were randomly assigned to the intervention or comparison conditions. The intervention consisted of therapeutic playgroups (twice weekly for 7 weeks during the summer) focusing on social competence and self-regulation skills. Attendance rates for the playgroups are reported. In addition, group differences on data collected before and after the intervention are reported. Intervention group children exhibited increased social competence and self-regulation. Comparison group children exhibited poorer performance in these domains over time. Results are discussed in terms of how the study has informed a current randomized efficacy trial of a school-readiness intervention.

Pears, Katherine C.; Fisher, Philip A.; Bronz, Kimberly D.

2008-01-01

228

Single-Sex Schooling and Academic Attainment at School and through the Lifecourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the impact of single-sex schooling on a range of academic outcomes for a sample of British people born in 1958. In terms of the overall level of qualifications achieved, single-sex schooling is positive for girls at age 16 but neutral for boys, while at later ages, single-sex schooling is neutral for both sexes. However,…

Sullivan, Alice; Joshi, Heather; Leonard, Diana

2010-01-01

229

Single-Sex Schooling and Academic Attainment at School and through the Lifecourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the impact of single-sex schooling on a range of academic outcomes for a sample of British people born in 1958. In terms of the overall level of qualifications achieved, single-sex schooling is positive for girls at age 16 but neutral for boys, while at later ages, single-sex schooling is neutral for both sexes. However,…

Sullivan, Alice; Joshi, Heather; Leonard, Diana

2010-01-01

230

Parent-School Relationships and Children's Academic and Social Outcomes in Public School Pre-Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two dimensions of parent-school relationships, parental school involvement and parents' perceptions of teacher responsiveness to child/parent, were examined in state-funded pre-kindergarten classrooms in a large urban school district. Children's social and academic outcomes were individually assessed in the fall and spring. Hierarchical Linear…

Powell, Douglas R.; Son, Seung-Hee; File, Nancy; San Juan, Robert R.

2010-01-01

231

The School Success Program: Improving Maltreated Children's Academic and School-Related Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many victims of childhood maltreatment experience difficulties in school and with academic performance. This article reviews the evidence on the connection between childhood maltreatment and school performance and presents an evaluation of a unique program established by Children's Services in Lorain County, Ohio. Since 2001, the School Success…

Mallett, Christopher A.

2012-01-01

232

Investing in Collaboration: Preservice Special Educators and Their Readiness for Home School Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Home-school collaborations offer the promise of increased social and academic outcomes for students with disabilities. This qualitative study examines the practices of 25 preservice special education teachers and their implementation of state standards to collaborate with families of children with disabilities in schools during student teaching.…

Latunde, Yvette; Louque, Angela

2012-01-01

233

Academic Performance and Cheating: Moderating Role of School Identification and Self-Efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic dishonesty is a significant problem among students from elementary school through college. The desire to succeed in school through dishonesty is increased when there is a breakdown in the norms associated with conventional academic attitudes. The authors conducted a survey research study to examine the relationship between academic performance and cheating. They hypothesized that the inverse relationship between academic

Kristin Voelkl Finn; Michael R. Frone

2004-01-01

234

Health Behaviour and Academic Achievement in Icelandic School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in the relationship between health behaviours and academic achievement has recently intensified in the face of an epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity and converging school reforms in the United States and other nations with advanced economies. Epidemiologic research has demonstrated that poor diet and lack of adequate physical…

Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Allegrante, John P.

2007-01-01

235

SNORING, INTERMITTENT HYPOXIA AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with impaired attention and neurocognitive deficits. We assessed the association of snoring and intermittent hypoxia with poor academic performance in third grade school children (1,144 children). Snoring frequency and intermittent hypoxia were investigated using parental questionnaire and noctur- nal home pulse oximetry. Intermittent hypoxia was specified as de- saturation events of 90% or less pulse oximeter

Michael S. Urschitz; Anke Guenther; Esther Eggebrecht; Judith Wolff; Pilar M. Urschitz-Duprat; Martin Schlaud; Christian F. Poets

2003-01-01

236

ECP: Enhancing Psychosocial and Academic Development in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Prevention Project (ECP) is an innovative effort to integrate psychosocial and educational approaches for promoting children's healthy development in elementary school. ECP takes a holistic approach to the prevention of academic and psychosocial problems and the promotion of students' educational and interpersonal development.…

Watts, Caroline L.; Murphy, Jennifer A.; Nikitopoulos, Christina E.

237

Health Behaviour and Academic Achievement in Icelandic School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interest in the relationship between health behaviours and academic achievement has recently intensified in the face of an epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity and converging school reforms in the United States and other nations with advanced economies. Epidemiologic research has demonstrated that poor diet and lack of adequate physical…

Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Allegrante, John P.

2007-01-01

238

Teacher as Learner in the Academic Nursery School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Described in this document are elements of a child-directed curriculum as implemented in the context of an academic nursery school. The teacher's role in adult-child interactions is seen as one that involves (1) learning emotionally, intellectually, and contextually from children; (2) focusing on the child's immediate needs, thereby motivating…

Moss, Vanessa D.; Black, Harvey

239

Health behaviour and academic achievement in Icelandic school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in the relationship between health behaviours and academic achievement has re- cently intensified in the face of an epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity and converg- ing school reforms in the United States and other nations with advanced economies. Epide- miologic research has demonstrated that poor diet and lack of adequate physical activity place children at risk for being

Inga Dora Sigfusdottir; Alfgeir Logi Kristjansson; John P. Allegrante

2006-01-01

240

The Academic Experience of Male High School Students with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the high school academic experience of adolescents with and without childhood ADHD using data from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS). Participants were 326 males with childhood ADHD and 213 demographically similar males without ADHD who were recruited at the start of the follow-up study. Data were collected yearly…

Kent, Kristine M.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Yu, Jihnhee; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Biswas, Aparajita; Babinski, Dara E.; Karch, Kathryn M.

2011-01-01

241

Neighborhood Social Processes and Academic Achievement in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine how neighborhood characteristics influence academic achievement, data were drawn from a community survey of low-income neighborhoods and linked with data on performance on standardized testing for third-grade students attending elementary schools in those communities. Results of multilevel logistic regressions indicated that…

Emory, Ronya; Caughy, Margaret; Harris, T. Robert; Franzini, Luisa

2008-01-01

242

Relational Aggression and Academic Performance in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To investigate the relationship between relational aggression and school performance, this study examined the relative and combined associations among relational aggression, overt aggression, and victimization and children's academic performance. Additionally this study examined the relative associations among relational and overt aggression and…

Risser, Scott D.

2013-01-01

243

Urban High School Students' Academic Communities and Their Effects on Mathematics Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports findings from a study exploring the roles of peer influences in cultivating urban high school students' academic success in mathematics. While the literature describing family\\/school influences on the academic achievement of students of color is compelling, much of it suggests that urban students' peer groups do not support academic achievement. This study of high school students sought

Erica N. Walker

2006-01-01

244

Academic Press and School Sense of Community: Sources of Friction, Prospects for Synthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools often face a conflict between placing an emphasis on the pursuit of academic excellence (academic press) and creating a positive school community. This paper examines the separate and joint achievement effects of both academic press and communality across a sample of American public and private high schools. The hypothesis holds that when…

Shouse, Roger C.

245

Use of Academic Libraries by High School Students: Implications for Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a comprehensive review of the literature concerning use of academic libraries by high school students. Three types of literature are identified: (1) descriptive articles delineating either the problems or benefits related to the use of academic libraries by high school students: (2) research studies examining particular aspects of high school students' use of academic libraries; and (3)

Kathleen W. Craver

1987-01-01

246

Academically Successful African American Male Urban High School Students' Experiences of Mattering to Others at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mattering to others has been shown to be a key construct of mental health and wellness. Emerging research links interpersonal mattering and school climate. In this study, the authors use transcendental phenomenology to explore how interpersonal mattering impacts the academic achievement of urban African American males who are academically

Tucker, Catherine; Dixon, Andrea; Griddine, Ke'Shana

2010-01-01

247

The Diversified School Campus: Ethnic Diversity, School Violence, and Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The representative democracy literature investigating the effects of ethnic diversity on educational performance has put forth conflicting messages. Some suggest that increased minority teacher representation boosts minority students? academic achievement, while others point to negligible effects of representative democracy on students. The present study takes on school violence and drug use beyond the academic achievement arena in order to address

Chang-Ho Ji

248

The Concept of Readiness in the Academic Department: A Case Study of Undergraduate Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there has been emphasis on the institution and individual classroom as loci of learning and reform, less attention has been paid to the academic department. However, precisely because its structure is so endemic to institutions of higher education, the academic department may be the most logical and potent site for change. Using a case study…

Lee, Virginia S.; Hyman, Michael R.; Luginbuhl, Geraldine

2007-01-01

249

What Is "Career Ready"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All too often, the terms "career ready" and "college ready" are used interchangeably, and discussions around career readiness are limited to traditional academic skills that allow students to successfully enroll in postsecondary education. While there is no debate that a rigorous level of academic proficiency, especially in math and literacy, is…

Association for Career and Technical Education, 2010

2010-01-01

250

Implementation of a relationship-based school readiness intervention: A multidimensional approach to fidelity measurement for early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation efforts of 65 early childhood professionals involved in the Getting Ready project, an integrated, multi-systemic intervention that promotes school readiness through parent engagement for children from birth to age five, were investigated. Digital videotaped records of professionals engaged in home visits with families across both treatment and comparison conditions were coded objectively using a partial–interval recording system to

Lisa L. Knoche; Susan M. Sheridan; Carolyn P. Edwards; Allison Q. Osborn

2010-01-01

251

Implementation of a Relationship-Based School Readiness Intervention: A Multidimensional Approach to Fidelity Measurement for Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation efforts of 65 early childhood professionals involved in the Getting Ready project, an integrated, multi-systemic intervention that promotes school readiness through parent engagement for children from birth to age five, were investigated. Digital videotaped records of professionals engaged in home visits with families across…

Knoche, Lisa L.; Sheridan, Susan M.; Edwards, Carolyn P.; Osborn, Allison Q.

2010-01-01

252

Single-Sex Schooling and Academic Attainment at School and Through the Lifecourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact of single-sex schooling on a range of academic outcomes for a sample of British people born in 1958. In terms of the overall level of qualifications achieved, single-sex schooling is positive for girls at age 16 but neutral for boys, while at later ages, single-sex schooling is neutral for both sexes. However, single-sex schooling is

Alice Sullivan; Heather Joshi; Diana Leonard

2010-01-01

253

Parent–school relationships and children's academic and social outcomes in public school pre-kindergarten  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two dimensions of parent–school relationships, parental school involvement and parents' perceptions of teacher responsiveness to child\\/parent, were examined in state-funded pre-kindergarten classrooms in a large urban school district. Children's social and academic outcomes were individually assessed in the fall and spring. Hierarchical Linear Modeling analyses revealed that parental school involvement positively predicted children's social skills (d=.55) and mathematics skills (d=.36),

Douglas R. Powell; Seung-Hee Son; Nancy File

2010-01-01

254

Effects of the Tennessee Voluntary Prekindergarten Program on School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Relatively few rigorous studies of the effectiveness of contemporary public prekindergarten programs have been conducted despite the growing number of programs and large monetary investments they require. The study on which this presentation is based was launched in partnership with the Tennessee State Department of Education's Division of School

Lipsey, Mark W.; Hofer, Kerry G.; Farran, Dale C.; Bilbrey, Carol; Dong, Nianbo

2012-01-01

255

Childhood Obesity, Academic Achievement, and School Expenditures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examine whether childhood obesity affects student achievement and whether these effects differ by family income level. Although childhood obesity is a national concern, the issue is even more urgent in West Virginia where obesity rates for fifth graders are near 30 percent. Using a 20032007 panel of school district data, the authors find evidence that obesity negatively affects

Tami Gurley-Calvez; Amy Higginbotham

2010-01-01

256

Self-Efficacy, Intrinsic Motivation, and Academic Outcomes among Latino Middle School Students Participating in an After-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined how academic self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, and participation in an after-school program contributed to the academic achievement of Latino middle school students over the course of one school year. Participants were 47 Latino students in sixth through eighth grades who attended two public middle schools in…

Niehaus, Kate; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Adelson, Jill L.

2012-01-01

257

Improving Media Message Interpretation Processing Skills to Promote Healthy Decision Making About Substance Use: The Effects of the Middle School Media Ready Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Media Ready Program was designed as a middle school, media literacy education, preventive intervention program to improve adolescents' media literacy skills and reduce their intention to use alcohol or tobacco products. In a short-term efficacy trial, schools in North Carolina were randomly assigned to conditions (Media Ready: n = 214; control: n = 198). Boys in the Media Ready group reported significantly less

Janis B. Kupersmidt; Tracy M. Scull; Jessica W. Benson

2012-01-01

258

[Psychophysiological factors of readiness children of 6 years to education at school].  

PubMed

Research was spent according to principles of biomedical ethics. Healthy children of 6 years have taken part in him (n = 120). In the course of research the psychophysiological factors defining readiness of children of 6 years to education at school are identified: "selectivity of voluntary attention" (the factor I); "the general working capacity" (the factor II); "a physiological maturity" (the factor III); "sensorimotor coordination of voluntary movement" (the factor IV). Factors I, II, IV correspond with activity of three blocks of the brain allocated with A.R. Lurija within the limits of structurally functional model of work of a brain as a substratum of mental activity. The carried out research has revealed interrelation of some indicators of readiness for education at school with parametres of physical working capacity. PMID:22830243

Krivolapchuk, I A; Chernova, M B

259

Family adversity and inhibitory control for economically disadvantaged children: preschool relations and associations with school readiness.  

PubMed

This study examined longitudinal relations linking aspects of family adversity to inhibitory control and school readiness for 120 economically disadvantaged children attending a Head Start preschool. The aspects of family adversity included income-to-needs ratios and an adversity index representing family instability and family chaos. The results showed that the adversity index but not the income ratios contributed to explaining diversity in the development of inhibitory control over the course of the preschool year. Additionally, the adversity index predicted school readiness at the end of the year, and the results suggested that inhibitory control mediated this effect. The implications concern understanding family sources of diversity in inhibitory control for economically disadvantaged preschool children. PMID:23750526

Brown, Eleanor D; Ackerman, Brian P; Moore, Charlee A

2013-06-01

260

A longitudinal study of school belonging and academic motivation across high school.  

PubMed

This longitudinal study examined how school belonging changes over the years of high school, and how it is associated with academic achievement and motivation. Students from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds participated (N = 572; age span = 13.94-19.15 years). In ninth grade, girls' school belonging was higher than boys'. Over the course of high school, however, girls' school belonging declined, whereas boys' remained stable. Within-person longitudinal analyses indicated that years in which students had higher school belonging were also years in which they felt that school was more enjoyable and more useful, above and beyond their actual level of achievement. Results highlight the importance of belonging for maintaining students' academic engagement during the teenage years. PMID:23002809

Neel, Cari Gillen-O'; Fuligni, Andrew

2012-09-24

261

Does the dental school work environment promote successful academic careers?  

PubMed

A consistent theme in the national dialogue about future directions for the educational arm of dentistry is how best to cultivate a school environment that will be seen as attractive by members of the dental community who desire to serve their profession as teachers and scholars. As a first step toward stimulating broad-based reflection on the working environment within dental schools, the ADEA Commission on Change and Innovation (CCI) conducted a symposium titled "Change, Innovation, and the Quality of Faculty Work-Life" at the 2007 ADEA Annual Session in New Orleans. Aspects of this article are based on the content of this symposium, which explored research on the perceptions and concerns of dental faculty regarding the current academic workplace and provided perspectives of university faculty about university life and career growth. This article reviews the findings from two interview-based qualitative assessments of faculty perceptions of work-life in dental schools and other schools of higher education, presents a preliminary summary of the first national survey of dental school faculty regarding their impressions of the academic work environment, and makes recommendations for enhancing the dental school work environment with an emphasis on those factors that influence career growth. Results from these three studies illustrate faculty perceptions about the promotion and tenure and performance evaluation processes; workload and quality of work-life; and quality of institutional support. PMID:17554090

Trotman, Carroll-Ann; Haden, N Karl; Hendricson, William

2007-06-01

262

Defining the Intensity of High School Mathematics: Distinguishing the Difference between College-Ready and College-Eligible Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted to discover and examine school-level characteristics that can affect change in high school graduates from being college-eligible to college-ready. Using the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS:88), the article describes and interprets the results. Findings indicate school personnel (principals, teachers,…

Zelkowski, Jeremy

2011-01-01

263

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Schools: Perceived Consequences of Secondary Education Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved focus group interviews with 12 experienced Egyptian teachers working in academic and vocational secondary schools, comparing their perspectives on the implications of a 1999 educational reform which converted many vocational/commercial schools to academic schools and sought to reduce the need for extra-school, private tutoring.…

Megahed, Nagwa; Ginsburg, Mark

264

Coordinated School Health Programs and Academic Achievement: A Systematic Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Few evaluations of school health programs measure academic outcomes. K-12 education needs evidence for academic achievement to implement school programs. This article presents a systematic review of the literature to examine evidence that school health programs aligned with the Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) model improve…

Murray, Nancy G.; Low, Barbara J.; Hollis, Christine; Cross, Alan W.; Davis, Sally M.

2007-01-01

265

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Schools: Perceived Consequences of Secondary Education Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study involved focus group interviews with 12 experienced Egyptian teachers working in academic and vocational secondary schools, comparing their perspectives on the implications of a 1999 educational reform which converted many vocational/commercial schools to academic schools and sought to reduce the need for extra-school, private…

Megahed, Nagwa; Ginsburg, Mark

266

Participating in a policy debate program and academic achievement among at-risk adolescents in an urban public school district: 1997-2007.  

PubMed

This study investigates the relationship between participating in a high school debate program on college-readiness in the Chicago Public School district over a 10-year period. At-risk school students were identified using an index including 8th grade achievement, poverty status, and enrollment in special education. Regression analyses were used to assess the association between debate participation and graduation and ACT performance. Overall, debaters were 3.1 times more likely to graduate from high school (95% confidence interval: 2.7-3.5) than non-debaters, and more likely to reach the college-readiness benchmarks on the English, Reading, and Science portions of the ACT. This association was similar for both low-risk and at-risk students. Debate intensity was positively related to higher scores on all sections of the ACT. Findings indicate that debate participation is associated with improved academic performance for at-risk adolescents. PMID:22633913

Anderson, Susannah; Mezuk, Briana

2012-05-24

267

The Effects of Participation in School Instrumental Music Programs on Student Academic Achievement and School Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined whether or not students that participated in a school sponsored instrumental music program had higher academic achievement and attendance than students that did not participate in a school sponsor instrumental music program. Units of measurement included standardized test scores and attendance, without taking into…

Davenport, Kevin O.

2010-01-01

268

The Relationship of School Design to Academic Achievement of Elementary School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to determine if there are relationships between student achievement and educational facilities. It focused on the question: Does school design influence the academic achievement of elementary school students? Criteria used were scores on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills and 86 variables describing design patterns in various…

Yarbrough, Kathleen Ann

269

The Relationship of School Design to Academic Achievement of Elementary School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine if there are relationships between student achievement and educational facilities. It focused on the question: Does school design influence the academic achievement of elementary school students? Criteria used were scores on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills and 86 variables describing design patterns in various…

Yarbrough, Kathleen Ann

270

Academic procrastination: associations with personal, school, and family variables.  

PubMed

Procrastination is a common behavior, mainly in school settings. Only a few studies have analyzed the associations of academic procrastination with students' personal and family variables. In the present work, we analyzed the impact of socio-personal variables (e.g., parents' education, number of siblings, school grade level, and underachievement) on students' academic procrastination profiles. Two independent samples of 580 and 809 seventh to ninth graders, students attending the last three years of Portuguese Compulsory Education, have been taken. The findings, similar in both studies, reveal that procrastination decreases when the parents' education is higher, but it increases along with the number of siblings, the grade level, and the underachievement. The results are discussed in view of the findings of previous research. The implications for educational practice are also analyzed. PMID:19476225

Rosário, Pedro; Costa, Marta; Núñez, José Carlos; González-Pienda, Julio; Solano, Paula; Valle, Antonio

2009-05-01

271

Gender, Self-Perception, and Academic Problems in High School  

PubMed Central

Given the increasing importance of education to socioeconomic attainment and other life course trajectories, early academic struggles can have long-term consequences if not addressed. Analysis of a nationally representative sample with official school transcripts and extensive data on adolescent functioning identified a social psychological pathway in this linkage between external feedback about early struggles and truncated educational trajectories. For girls, class failures absent of diagnosed learning disabilities engendered increasingly negative self-perceptions that, in turn, disrupted math and science course-taking, especially in family and peer contexts in which academic success was prioritized. For boys, diagnosed learning disabilities, regardless of class performance, engendered the same changes in self-perception and the same consequences of these changes for course-taking across family and peer contexts. These results reveal how ability labels and ability-related performance indicators come together to influence the long-term educational prospects of girls and boys attending mainstream schools in which the majority of students do not have learning disabilities or severe academic problems. Keywords: education, learning disability, academic failure, peers, and stigma.

CROSNOE, ROBERT; RIEGLE-CRUMB, CATHERINE; MULLER, CHANDRA

2010-01-01

272

Current applications of case management in schools to improve children's readiness to learn.  

PubMed

Recent interest in case management by elementary and secondary schools has arisen out of a growing recognition that schools alone are not prepared to address the myriad of health, education, and social service needs of a large number of students, particularly children living in poverty. Boys and girls entering classrooms hungry, sick, homeless, or otherwise distracted are not ready to learn. Improving readiness to learn is a major agenda among educators. Case management is one approach many schools are beginning to use to collaboratively engage parents, community service agencies, the private sector, and communities at large in pursuit of the goal. A promising school-based case management model has been developed and successfully field tested by the University of Washington. The model operationally defines case management, delineates a delivery structure, and includes an evaluation design. Results from a five-year study sponsored by the U. S. Department of Education are encouraging. Although several challenges persist, the future for school case management use is optimistic. Several enhanced variations of the Center for the Study and Teaching of At-Risk Students (C-STARS) case management model are now being demonstrated across the country. PMID:9573969

Smith, A J; Armijo, E J; Stowitschek, J J

1997-01-01

273

Assessing Readiness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to the first of the National Education Goals (1991), which reads, all children in America will start school ready to learn, Meisels addresses four interpretations of the term readiness and the methods that have been devised to assess children'...

S. J. Meisels

1998-01-01

274

Persuading Teachers to Adopt Academic Theories (or Deontological Perspectives in Professional Motivation to Translate Academic Theories into Praxis): Developing a Communications Epistemology by Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is to encourage debate about the challenges for academics wanting to see our theories translated into practice in schools. Conventional academic articles do not provide information ready for immediate download into daily school practice. Should academics therefore publish in alternative formats and styles as exemplified in the…

Thody, Angela

2008-01-01

275

School Nurse Case Management for Children with Chronic Illness: Health, Academic, and Quality of Life Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More children with chronic illnesses are attending school, and some of them struggle academically because of issues related to their health. School-based case management has been suggested as one strategy to improve the academic success of these children. This study tracked the academic, health, and quality of life outcomes for 114 children with…

Engelke, Martha Keehner; Guttu, Martha; Warren, Michelle B.; Swanson, Melvin

2008-01-01

276

School Nurse Case Management for Children with Chronic Illness: Health, Academic, and Quality of Life Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More children with chronic illnesses are attending school, and some of them struggle academically because of issues related to their health. School-based case management has been suggested as one strategy to improve the academic success of these children. This study tracked the academic, health, and quality of life outcomes for 114 children with…

Engelke, Martha Keehner; Guttu, Martha; Warren, Michelle B.; Swanson, Melvin

2008-01-01

277

Reality to Actuality: Postsecondary Readiness for Students with Learning Disabilities Focus on Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this qualitative case research was to investigate specific preparation influences, educator strategies, and accommodations that may be utilized in a postsecondary setting for the purpose of supporting and promoting academic success among college students with learning disabilities. Six postsecondary participants between the ages of…

Allen-Wallace, Merri Vance

2010-01-01

278

Reality to Actuality: Postsecondary Readiness for Students with Learning Disabilities Focus on Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative case research was to investigate specific preparation influences, educator strategies, and accommodations that may be utilized in a postsecondary setting for the purpose of supporting and promoting academic success among college students with learning disabilities. Six postsecondary participants between the ages of…

Allen-Wallace, Merri Vance

2010-01-01

279

Arizona Academic Standards, Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for kindergarten. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Kindergarten; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Readiness (Kindergarten); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

280

The influence of being ready to learn on children’s early school literacy and numeracy achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the extent to which learning readiness, prior?to?school experiences, and child and family characteristics influence children’s literacy and numeracy achievement across the first year of primary school. A sample of 104 kindergarten children was recruited from 16 classrooms and followed from the beginning to the end of their first year of primary school. At the start of school,

Elizabeth Murray; Linda Joan Harrison

2011-01-01

281

Psychology’s Adaptation to Medical Schools, Teaching Hospitals, and Academic Medical Centers: The Role of Academic Medicine Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychologists in medical schools, teaching hospitals, and academic medical centers are comparatively small in number, and are often undervalued and denied full practice privileges. As a profession, psychologists must therefore adapt to the realities of a physician-driven, physician-controlled environment. Psychologists’ adaptation to academic medical settings has been considered from several vantage points. An overlooked aspect of adaptation is psychologists’ knowledge

Linda Garcia-Shelton; Gerald Leventhal

2005-01-01

282

Testing Models of School Learning: Effects of Quality of Instruction, Motivation, Academic Coursework, and Homework on Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tested the influence of ability, time, quality of instruction, motivation, and academic coursework on high school students’ achievement, also controlling for relevant background variables. Structural equation models were analyzed with longitudinal data from a national sample. Intellectual ability and academic coursework had powerful direct effects on achievement, and homework had a smaller direct effect. The indirect effects of quality of

Timothy Z. Keith; Valerie A. Cool

1992-01-01

283

Academic Self-Efficacy among African American Youths: Implications for School Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School performance among African American youths continues to be a major concern. The promotion of self-esteem remains a major focus of school-based intervention programs designed to improve children's academic performance and behavior. Empirical data suggest that academic self-efficacy rather than self-esteem is the critical factor for school

Jonson-Reid, Melissa; Davis, Larry; Saunders, Jeanne; Williams, Trina; Williams, James Herbert

2005-01-01

284

Economic Determinants of Academic Failure and School Desertion in the Guatemala Highlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores, from an economic perspective, elementary school system adequacy in the rural, indigenous Guatemalan highlands. Estimates least-squares coefficients and elasticities separately for academic failure and school abandonment for each of four indigenous groups. The model explains academic failure better than school desertion. A national policy…

Carvajal, Manuel J.; And Others

1993-01-01

285

Peer Effects on Academic Cheating among High School Students in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although academic cheating has been found to be a common phenomenon in high schools, few studies investigate how peers influence individual cheating behavior among high school students. In this paper, we estimate the cross-gender and intra-gender interaction effects on academic cheating among high school students in Taiwan. We detect the evidence…

Tsai, Chun-Li

2012-01-01

286

The Family and Child Education (FACE) Program and School Readiness: A Structural Model Approach in An American Indian Reservation Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the effects of the Family and Child Education (FACE) prekindergarten program on school readiness. The FACE program is located in Bureau of Indian Education-funded schools on some of the most rural American Indian (AI) reservations in the United States. It explicitly integrates the language and culture of the communities in…

Pfannenstiel, Judy; Lente-Jojola, Debbie

2011-01-01

287

The Gap between Influence and Efficacy: College Readiness Training, Urban School Counselors, and the Promotion of Equity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This phenomenological study presents 11 urban school counselors' perceptions of their graduate education in school counseling in relation to their engagement in college readiness counseling with low-income, 1st-generation college-bound students. Findings from 2 rounds of interviews suggest that intentional strategies to integrate postsecondary…

Savitz-Romer, Mandy

2012-01-01

288

Ready To Read: Laying the Foundation for School Success. Satellite Town Meeting #77 (March 20, 2001). [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This videotape (in either VHS of 3/4 inch format) presents an interactive teleconference where renowned national experts, local educators, and community leaders share ideas on how to improve schools and reach the National Educational Goals. This 60-minute Satellite Town Meeting focuses on laying the foundation for school success through readiness

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

289

Ready To Read: Laying the Foundation for School Success. Satellite Town Meeting #77: March 20, 2001. Spanish Language Version. [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This interactive teleconference (in VHS format, Spanish language version) presents renowned national experts, local educators, and community leaders who share ideas on how to improve schools and reach the National Educational Goals. The 60-minute Satellite Town Meeting focuses on laying the foundation for school success through readiness to read.…

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

290

The Management Education by Internet Readiness (Mebir) Scale: Developing a Scale to Assess Personal Readiness for Internet-Mediated Management Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although online delivery of management education is one of the most critical issues facing business schools and corporate universities, instruments to measure a prospective learner's readiness to participate in the online academic environment have been slow to develop. This article reports on the development of the Management Education by Internet Readiness (MEBIR) scale. The MEBIR scale can assist both online

John A. Parnell; Shawn Carraher

2003-01-01

291

Promoting academic literacy with technology: successful laptop programs in K-12 schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the main challenges that US schools face in educating English language learners is developing their academic literacy. This paper presents case studies of two K-12 schools that successfully employ high-technology environments, including laptop computers for each student, toward the development of English language learners’ academic language proficiency and academic literacy. In the first school, Latino fourth-grade students use

Mark Warschauer; David Grant; Gabriel Del Real; Michele Rousseau

2004-01-01

292

Progress in Student Academic Achievement: Evaluation of New City Charter School in 2008-09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes New City Charter School student achievement in the 2008-09 school year, the school's sixth operating year. The number of students enrolled in the school was 125, an increase from 60 students enrolled the first year of the school. Student academic achievement is measured using the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement…

Gozali-Lee, Edith

2010-01-01

293

Big-Fish—Little-Pond Effect on Academic Self-Concept: A Cross-Cultural (26Country) Test of the Negative Effects of Academically Selective Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academically selective schools are intended to affect academic self-concept positively, but theoretical and empirical research demonstrates that the effects are negative. The big-fish—little-pond effect (BFLPE), an application of social comparison theory to educational settings, posits that a student will have a lower academic self-concept in an academically selective school than in a nonselective school. This study, the largest cross-cultural study

Herbert W. Marsh; Kit-Tai Hau

2003-01-01

294

The Impact of Schooling on Academic Achievement: Evidence From Homeschooled and Traditionally Schooled Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although homeschooling is growing in prevalence, its educational outcomes remain unclear. The present study compared the academic achievements of homeschooled children with children attending traditional public school. When the homeschooled group was divided into those who were taught from organized lesson plans (structured homeschoolers) and those who were not (unstructured homeschoolers), the data showed that structured homeschooled children achieved higher

Sandra Martin-Chang; Odette N. Gould; Reanne E. Meuse

2011-01-01

295

Inspiring Academically Talented High School Students to Consider Teaching Careers in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses a unique effort to implement a summer residential program that identifies and inspires potential educators by reaching down the pipeline to academically talented high school students. The primary goal of the program was to introduce participants to various dimensions of urban teaching. The research and evaluation for the…

Brooks, Wanda; Kaimal, Girija; Savage, Lorraine; Gonzaga, Adele

2012-01-01

296

Academic, social and cultural factors influencing medical school grade performance.  

PubMed

Studies of medical student performance have focused on various factors, including premedical academics, maturity, familial background and support, and personal experiences with illness. Most studies have been conducted in countries with highly developed educational systems and similar cultural and social systems. It is not clear that these findings can be applied to developing countries, where the educational and cultural experiences may be very different, and where medical instruction is carried out in a non-native language. Information was obtained from a survey of 153 fifth- and sixth-year medical students at King Abdulaziz University in Saudi Arabia. The survey measured premedical educational, social and cultural experiences that might affect medical school performance. Men performed as well as women in the medical school despite heavy familial and social commitments. Women's performance seems to be more influenced by changes in living environment. Achievement in premedical years was correlated positively with grade performance in medical school. Competence in the high-school English courses was related to medical school performance. Interest in the study of medicine prior to medical school was not related to performance. Other motivations, such as social gains, financial benefits or family wish, were related to lower performance. Current interest in clinical medicine correlated negatively with performance. Students motivated by the presence of chronic ill health in their families performed significantly lower. Factors influencing medical school performance in developed countries had similar impact on medical students in a developing country. Social factors, unique to the country, also play a role in medical student performance. PMID:2355866

Alfayez, S F; Strand, D A; Carline, J D

1990-05-01

297

Associations Among Family Environment, Sustained Attention, and School Readiness for Low-Income Children  

PubMed Central

In this study, we examined the developmental pathways from children’s family environment to school readiness within a low-income sample (N = 1,046), with a specific focus on the role of sustained attention. Six distinct factors of the family environment representing maternal parenting behaviors, the physical home environment, and maternal mental health at 3 years of age were explored as independent predictors of children’s observed sustained attention as well as cognitive and behavioral outcomes at 5 years of age. Children were grouped by poverty status (poor vs. near-poor). Results suggest specificity in the associations among attention (focused attention and lack of impulsivity) and its correlates, with different patterns emerging by poverty status group. Overall, the family environment was largely unrelated to children’s sustained attention. For both groups, focused attention was associated with receptive vocabulary; however, it partially mediated the association between maternal lack of hostility and receptive vocabulary only among the near-poor. In addition, lack of impulsivity was associated with both receptive vocabulary and externalizing behaviors but only for the poor group. Findings indicate sustained attention as a potential target for efforts aimed at enhancing school readiness among predominantly poor children.

Razza, Rachel A.; Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2011-01-01

298

Academic Preparation for College in the High School Senior Class of 2003-04. Issue Tables.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Academic preparation in high school plays a critical role in students transition to college. Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:02), which provides information about the transitions students make as they move through high school...

J. Wu S. Tasoff X. Chen

2010-01-01

299

Adolescent Academic Achievement and School Engagement: An Examination of the Role of School-Wide Peer Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During adolescence, peer groups present an important venue for socializing school-related behaviors such as academic achievement and school engagement. While a significant body of research emphasizes the link between a youth's immediate peer group and academic outcomes, the current manuscript expands on this idea, proposing that, in addition to…

Lynch, Alicia Doyle; Lerner, Richard M.; Leventhal, Tama

2013-01-01

300

Adolescent Academic Achievement and School Engagement: An Examination of the Role of School-Wide Peer Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During adolescence, peer groups present an important venue for socializing school-related behaviors such as academic achievement and school engagement. While a significant body of research emphasizes the link between a youth's immediate peer group and academic outcomes, the current manuscript expands on this idea, proposing that, in addition to…

Lynch, Alicia Doyle; Lerner, Richard M.; Leventhal, Tama

2013-01-01

301

Impact of the prior school environment on academic achievement of students at the secondary stage in Punjab (Pakistan)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the impact of the prior school environment on academic achievement of students at the secondary stage in Punjab (Pakistan). School environment is a very important school resource input. All the indicators of school environment collectively produce an academic environment that is helpful for the student achievement. The present school environment of a session is the prior school

Muhammad Arshad Dahar; Riffat Tahira Dahar; Rashida Ahmad Dahar

2009-01-01

302

A Comparison of Academic Achievement and Adherence to the Common School Ideal in Public and Catholic Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines two critical questions related to equality of educational opportunity. First, does the academic advantage that was observed in Catholic high schools more than two decades ago continue to hold for contemporary students in Catholic middle schools? Second, how closely do different school sectors adhere to the common school

Hallinan, Maureen; Kubitschek, Warren N.

2012-01-01

303

Moderators in the academic development of migrant Latino children attending after-school programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examines how certain ecological factors influence migrant Latino children's (N = 94) academic outcomes following their participation in an after-school program with intensive academic instruction. Hierarchical linear regression analyses indicated that children who made the greatest academic gains were acculturated in English, were from poorly functioning families, and had families with fewer parent–teacher contacts and less engagement

Nathaniel R Riggs; Mark T Greenberg

2004-01-01

304

Class, Ability, Mobility: Economic and Academic Paths from Middle School to Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines academic and economic progression of 8th graders using the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS 88). In terms of educational mobility, this analysis indicates it is clearly better to possess academic ability--middle-school students who have high-academic ability but low family socioeconomic status (SES)…

Baker, Joe G.

2009-01-01

305

The Yellow School Bus Project: Helping Homeless Students Get Ready for School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Yellow School Bus Project, a community program jointly sponsored by religious, civic, fraternal, business, and nonprofit organizations in Durham, New Hampshire, to provide homeless children with supplies and clothes to help them succeed in school. (PKP)

Vissing, Yvonne

2003-01-01

306

Medical school faculty discontent: prevalence and predictors of intent to leave academic careers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Medical school faculty are less enthusiastic about their academic careers than ever before. In this study, we measured the prevalence and determinants of intent to leave academic medicine. METHODS: A 75-question survey was administered to faculty at a School of Medicine. Questions addressed quality of life, faculty responsibilities, support for teaching, clinical work and scholarship, mentoring and participation in

Steven R Lowenstein; Genaro Fernandez; Lori A Crane

2007-01-01

307

Acculturative and Psychological Predictors of Academic-Related Outcomes Among Cambodian American High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the acculturative and psychosocial predictors of academic- related outcomes among Cambodian American high school students from an urban school district in the state of Massachusetts. Student participants (N = 163) completed an anonymous survey that assessed demographic characteristics, acculturative experiences, intergenerational conflict, depression, and academic- related outcomes. The main results indicated that acculturative and psychosocial variables were

Khanh T. Dinh; Traci L. Weinstein; Su Yeong Kim; Ivy K. Ho

308

Relationship between emotional intelligence, parental involvement and academic performance of high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence, parental involvement and academic performance of 300 high school Students in Tehran, Iran. The participants ranged in age between 15 and 18 years. Researcher in this study used an adapted questionnaire. Results showed that both emotional intelligence and parental involvement could predict academic achievement in high school students. Similarly, there were significant

Milad Khajehpour

2011-01-01

309

Gender differences in factors affecting academic performance of high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following study examines gender differences existing in various cognitive motivational variables (locus of control, academic self-concept and use of learning strategies) and in performance attained in school subjects of Literature and Mathematics. For this purpose, a sample of 363 students was selected from the high school students in the first, second and third academic years. For achieving to the

Sayid Dabbagh Ghazvini; Milad Khajehpour

2011-01-01

310

A Psychoeducational Group Model to Build Academic Competence in New Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students entering middle school are faced with many challenges and opportunities. School counselors can optimally assist them in their journey through academic development by providing skill building experiences. With study skills and the ability to self-advocate, students can build a solid foundation upon which confidence and academic

Brannigan, Michael

2007-01-01

311

International Note: Between-Domain Relations of Chinese High School Students' Academic Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined the between-domain relations of Chinese high school students' academic achievements. In a sample of 1870 Chinese 10th grade students, the results indicated that Chinese high school students' academic achievements were correlated across nine subjects. In line with the previous Western findings, the findings suggested…

Yangyang, Liu

2012-01-01

312

Parents’ At-Home and At-School Academic Involvement with Young Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process-person-context model was used to investigate parental academic involvement with a nationally representative sample of young adolescents. Fathers of young adolescents were less involved at school than were mothers but similarly involved academically at home. Parents of struggling students were involved more in homework assistance and parents of successful students were involved more at school than were other parents.

Lee Shumow; Jon D. Miller

2001-01-01

313

Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships and Academic Motivation within One School Year: Developmental Changes and Linkage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study explored the developmental changes of teacher-student interpersonal relationships as well as that of academic motivation among first-grade secondary school students. In addition, the link between teacher-student interpersonal behaviour and academic motivation across the school year was investigated. The data were collected 5…

Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Maulana, Ridwan; den Brok, Perry

2012-01-01

314

The Influence of Perceived Poverty and Academic Achievement on School Counselor Conceptualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analog study presented 173 practicing school counselors with one of four case scenarios depicting a student new to their school. Each scenario manipulated one of two levels of the independent variables, which were perceived poverty and academic achievement. Main effects indicate that participants rated students as more attractive counseling participants when they are perceived as poor and\\/or strong academic

Brian Hutchison

2011-01-01

315

A Person-Centered Investigation of Academic Motivation and Its Correlates in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used a person-centered approach to identify naturally occurring combinations of intrinsic motivation and controlled forms of extrinsic motivation (i.e., introjected and external regulation) and their correlates in an academic context. 1061 high school students completed measures of academic motivation, performance, and school-related…

Wormington, Stephanie V.; Corpus, Jennifer Henderlong; Anderson, Kristen G.

2012-01-01

316

Personal and Ecological Assets and Academic Competence in Early Adolescence: The Mediating Role of School Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the role of school engagement in influencing children's academic competence has been recognized in past theory and research, how school engagement may mediate the relationships between ecological and personal resources and academic competence remains largely unknown. Using structural equation modeling procedures, the present study was…

Li, Yibing; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2010-01-01

317

Study Skills, Self-Concept and Academic Achievement for High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research has investigated study skills, self-concept, and academic achievement in college populations, no study has focused on these variables with high school students. To investigate changes in study skills, and the relationships among study skills, self-concept, and academic achievement for high school students, 54 students (28 males,…

Gadzella, Bernadette M.; Williamson, James David

318

Do School Bullying and Student-Teacher Relationships Matter for Academic Achievement? A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In extending our understanding of how the social climate of schools can affect academic outcomes, this study examined the relationship between school bullying, student-teacher (S-T) connectedness, and academic performance. Using data collected in Canada as part of a larger international study conducted by the Organisation for Economic…

Konishi, Chiaki; Hymel, Shelley; Zumbo, Bruno D.; Li, Zhen

2010-01-01

319

The Effect of Primary School Mergers on Academic Performance of Students in Rural China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examine the impact of primary school mergers on academic performance of students using a dataset that we collected using a survey designed specifically to examine changes in the academic performance of students before and after their schools were merged. We use difference-in-differences and propensity score matching approaches and demonstrate…

Liu, Chengfang; Zhang, Linxiu; Luo, Renfu; Rozelle, Scott; Loyalka, Prashant

2010-01-01

320

Adolescent academic achievement and school engagement: an examination of the role of school-wide peer culture.  

PubMed

During adolescence, peer groups present an important venue for socializing school-related behaviors such as academic achievement and school engagement. While a significant body of research emphasizes the link between a youth's immediate peer group and academic outcomes, the current manuscript expands on this idea, proposing that, in addition to smaller peer groups, within each school exists a school-wide peer culture that is comprised of two components (a relational and a behavioral component), each of which is related to individual academic outcomes. The relational component describes the aggregate of students' perceptions of the quality of peer relationships within each school. The behavioral component is an aggregate representation of students' actual behaviors in regard to academic tasks. We used data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, which surveyed 1,718 5th grade students (45.9 % male, 51.4 % White, 17.8 % Hispanic, 7.6 % African American) in 30 schools, to explore the idea that, during adolescence, the relational and behavioral components of a school's peer culture are related to students' academic achievement and school engagement. Results suggested that above and beyond a variety of individual, familial, peer, and school characteristics that have previously been associated with academic outcomes, aspects of behavioral peer culture are associated with individual achievement while components of both relational and behavioral peer culture are related to school engagement. Implications for future research are discussed. PMID:23076767

Lynch, Alicia Doyle; Lerner, Richard M; Leventhal, Tama

2012-10-18

321

Contributions of Ecological School Mental Health Services to Students' Academic Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an ecological framework for school mental health services that differs in important ways from existing service delivery models. The model is based on research describing ecological frameworks underlying students' school success. Ecological characteristics of schools and classrooms that promote academic success are described and used to support the case that students' school success is integrally related to

Beth Doll; Rob Spies; Allison Champion

2012-01-01

322

Sense of Belonging: Implications for Latino Students' Academic Achievement in U.S. Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which academic achievement in U.S. schools could be explained by several indicators of belongingness (i.e., close teacher-student relationships, peer acceptance, school liking, low levels of loneliness in school and positive perceptions of peers) and school engagement. For this study, data…

Casillas, Rhonda Soledad

2010-01-01

323

Communication Disorders in the School: Perspectives on Academic and Social Success an Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The critical role of communication in schools cannot be understated. Communication skills are a necessity both in the academic and social atmosphere of the school environment. Unfortunately, there are a large number of children in the schools today identified with speech and language disorders. This special edition of "Psychology in the Schools"…

Thatcher, Karen L.; Fletcher, Kathryn; Decker, Blair

2008-01-01

324

Helping Middle and High School Age English Language Learners Achieve Academic Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Middle and high school-age English language learners present a challenge for teachers. Some arrive with adequate formal schooling. Others have limited formal or interrupted schooling. A third group consists of long-term English learners who may have conversational proficiency in two languages but lack the academic language required for school success. The authors provide brief case studies of students representing each

Yvonne Freeman; David Freeman

2003-01-01

325

Communication Disorders in the School: Perspectives on Academic and Social Success an Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The critical role of communication in schools cannot be understated. Communication skills are a necessity both in the academic and social atmosphere of the school environment. Unfortunately, there are a large number of children in the schools today identified with speech and language disorders. This special edition of "Psychology in the Schools"…

Thatcher, Karen L.; Fletcher, Kathryn; Decker, Blair

2008-01-01

326

Foreign Language Education, Academic Performance, and Socioeconomic Status: A Study of California Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines various features of foreign language program offer- ings at 220 public high schools in California. Foreign language program features were examined in relation to the school's Academic Performance Index (API), the school's socioeconomic status (percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch), and percentage of English language learners (ELLs). High API ranking high schools reported a

Hyekyung Sung; Amado M. Padilla; Duarte M. Silva

2006-01-01

327

Learning through Play for School Readiness: A Training Program for Parents and Other Caregivers of Preschool Children. Learning Games To Strengthen Children's School Readiness Skills. [Videotape with Facilitator's Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This video-based program trains parents and other child caregivers to engage 3- to 5-year-olds in simple, motivating learning games to strengthen cognitive, social, and motor school-readiness skills. The training materials consist of a manual for training facilitators and a training video demonstrating how to play each learning game with preschool…

Singer, Jerome; Singer, Dorothy

328

A Case Study of Students Entering an Early College High School: Changes in Academic Behavior Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to learn more about the transition experiences of one group of high school students (N = 75) as they began attending one alternative pathway: an Early College High School program on a community college campus. A four-part conceptual framework of college readiness provided a structure from which to explore the…

Healy, James J.

2009-01-01

329

Children's Individual Experiences in Early Care and Education: Relations With Overall Classroom Quality and Children's School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relations among children's individual experiences, global classroom quality, and school readiness. Preschool children from low-income backgrounds (N = 138; M = 62.16 months; SD = 3.93; range = 55?70) were observed in their early care and education settings, and their language and cognitive skills were assessed. Research Findings: Individual children in classrooms with small group sizes had

Hyun-Joo Jeon; Carolyn C. Langill; Carla A. Peterson; Gayle J. Luze; Judith J. Carta; Jane B. Atwater

2010-01-01

330

The E-Learning Readiness of Cyprus Primary Teachers Ahead of Dias System Integration into Cyprus Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study aimed to evaluate the e-learning readiness of Cyprus's primary teachers ahead of DIAS web-platform integration into Cyprus's schools. The Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture (MOEC) aims through DIAS to enhance the integration of e-learning in all areas of the curriculum in primary and secondary education. As the effective…

Hadjiathanasiou, Panayiota

2009-01-01

331

Predicting School Readiness from Neurodevelopmental Assessments at Age 2 Years after Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Infants Born Preterm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: To determine whether neurodevelopmental outcomes at the age of 2 years accurately predict school readiness in children who survived respiratory distress syndrome after preterm birth. Method: Our cohort included 121 preterm infants who received surfactant and ventilation and were enrolled in a randomized controlled study of inhaled nitric…

Patrianakos-Hoobler, Athena I.; Msall, Michael E.; Huo, Dezheng; Marks, Jeremy D.; Plesha-Troyke, Susan; Schreiber, Michael D.

2010-01-01

332

Burundian Refugee Mothers’ Experiences of Their Children’s School Readiness, and the Role of Supported Playgroups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parenting issues have been found to be some of the most challenging issues facing refugee parents in Australia, particularly in regards to their children’s education. To date, minimal research has considered the experiences of refugee parents from specific cultural groups in relation to their children’s school readiness and transition to kindergarten. Furthermore, there is a gap in research exploring how

Rebecca New

2012-01-01

333

Collateral Benefits of the Family Check-Up on Early Childhood School Readiness: Indirect Effects of Parents' Positive Behavior Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the longitudinal effects of the Family Check-Up (FCU) on parents' positive behavior support and children's school readiness competencies in early childhood. It was hypothesized that the FCU would promote language skills and inhibitory control in children at risk for behavior problems as an indirect outcome associated with…

Lunkenheimer, Erika S.; Dishion, Thomas J.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Connell, Arin M.; Gardner, Frances; Wilson, Melvin N.; Skuban, Emily M.

2008-01-01

334

School-based health centers and academic performance: research, challenges, and recommendations.  

PubMed

School-based health centers (SBHCs) provide physical and mental health services on school campuses to improve student health status, and thereby potentially facilitate student academic success. With a growing emphasis on school accountability and the simultaneous dwindling of resources at the federal, state, and local levels, SBHCs face increasing pressures from school administrators and funders to document their impact on student academic achievement. This article reviews the methods, findings, and limitations of studies that have examined the relationship between SBHCs and academic performance. It also describes methodological challenges of conducting and interpreting such research, and discusses factors and intermediate variables that influence student academic performance. Recommendations are offered for SBHC researchers, evaluators, and service providers in response to the pressure they are facing to document the effect of SBHC services on academic outcomes. PMID:15656260

Geierstanger, Sara Peterson; Amaral, Gorette; Mansour, Mona; Walters, Susan Russell

2004-11-01

335

Healthy & Ready to Learn: Examining the Efficacy of an Early Approach to Obesity Prevention and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The collision of the childhood obesity epidemic with pressure to achieve high academic standards is of serious concern in the United States. Growing numbers of low-income, minority children face double jeopardy as alarming obesity rates further widen existing achievement gaps. Health and education disparities persist when children enter…

Winter, Suzanne M.; Sass, Daniel A.

2011-01-01

336

Linking Academics and Social Learning: Perceptions of School Staff to a Violence Prevention Program at an Alternative School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how school staff conceptualize their work with alternative school adolescents after undergoing at least 1 year of a whole school violence prevention program. Results highlight the importance of linking social learning and academics in violence prevention strategies and of sustaining collaborative efforts that connect conflict resolution…

Casella, Ronnie; Burstyn, Joan

2002-01-01

337

The Differential Effects of School Tracking on Psychometric Intelligence: Do Academic-Track Schools Make Students Smarter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prior research has shown that quantity of schooling affects the development of intelligence in childhood and adolescence. However, it is still debated whether other aspects of schooling--such as ability tracking or, more generally, school quality--can also influence intelligence. In this study, the authors analyzed intelligence gains in academic-…

Becker, Michael; Ludtke, Oliver; Trautwein, Ulrich; Koller, Olaf; Baumert, Jurgen

2012-01-01

338

The Relationship between Biblical Literacy, Academic Achievement, and School Behavior among Christian- and Public-School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study assessed the relationship between Bible literacy among secondary school students and their academic achievement and school behavior. A total of 160 students who attended either Christian or public schools in the 7th to 12th grade were randomly selected for the study sample. Three measures of Bible knowledge were combined to obtain an…

Jeynes, William H.

2009-01-01

339

Observed Emotional and Behavioral Indicators of Motivation Predict School Readiness in Head Start Graduates.  

PubMed

Emotions and behaviors observed during challenging tasks are hypothesized to be valuable indicators of young children's motivation, the assessment of which may be particularly important for children at risk for school failure. The current study demonstrated reliability and concurrent validity of a new observational assessment of motivation in young children. Head Start graduates completed challenging puzzle and trivia tasks during their kindergarten year. Children's emotion expression and task engagement were assessed based on their observed facial and verbal expressions and behavioral cues. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that observed persistence and shame predicted teacher ratings of children's academic achievement, whereas interest, anxiety, pride, shame, and persistence predicted children's social skills and learning-related behaviors. Children's emotional and behavioral responses to challenge thus appeared to be important indicators of school success. Observation of such responses may be a useful and valid alternative to self-report measures of motivation at this age. PMID:21949599

Berhenke, Amanda; Miller, Alison L; Brown, Eleanor; Seifer, Ronald; Dickstein, Susan

2011-01-01

340

The Messiness of Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School readiness is a quality that adults believe exists within the child, but it actually is an artifact of age-graded schools. Even in a single grade, there will be a one-year spread in ages and, therefore, in development. Instead of sorting children into those who are ready to learn and those who are not, schools should provide opportunities…

Powell, Pamela Jane

2010-01-01

341

Academic Performance, Characteristics and Expenditures in New York City Elementary and Middle Schools. Condition Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the academic performance of students in New York City's elementary and middle schools, investigating variations across grades and schools and documenting differences in student and teacher characteristics and the pattern and level of expenditure between low, middle, and high performing schools. The study reports averages of…

Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Iatarola, Patrice; Fruchter, Norm

342

Utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Interventions to Positively Impact Academic Achievement in Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Empirical research suggests a correlation between Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) interventions and increased academic achievement of students in middle schools. An argument was presented for utilizing CBT intervention within the delivery system of comprehensive school counseling programs in middle schools; specifically in individual…

Zyromski, Brett; Joseph, Arline Edwards

2008-01-01

343

Mapping Academic Achievement and Public School Choice Under the No Child Left Behind Legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The geography of educational outcomes and school choice remains an under-researched area. This article investigates factors associated with the spatial aspects of academic achievement gap and explores the geographical inequalities of public school choice in South Carolina in the context of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. It is found that public schools with large minority enrollments and concentrated

Haifeng Zhang; David J. Cowen

2009-01-01

344

Single-Sex and Coeducational Schooling: Relationships to Socioemotional and Academic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of coeducation versus single-sex schooling in the academic, socioemotional, interpersonal, and career development of adolescents is discussed, and arguments and research support for both types of schooling are reviewed. Separate-sex schooling seems to provide potential benefits for at least some students. (Author/SLD)|

Mael, Fred A.

1998-01-01

345

Math and Science Academic Success in Three Large, Diverse, Urban High Schools: A Teachers' Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Large, traditional urban high schools are among the most difficult education environments in the United States. These schools, which serve a high percentage of the Black and Latino students in the United States, often have low academic performance, high dropout rates, high teacher and school leader turnover, and inexperienced teachers. They often…

McKenzie, Kathryn Bell; Skrla, Linda; Scheurich, James Joseph; Rice, Delores; Hawes, Daniel P.

2011-01-01

346

Transition to Formal Schooling: Do Transition Practices Matter for Academic Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether the transition practices implemented in preschool-elementary school pairs contribute to children's academic development during the first year of elementary school. Participants were 398 children who moved from 36 preschools to 22 elementary schools in two Finnish towns. Children were tested in respect to their reading,…

Ahtola, Annarilla; Silinskas, Gintautas; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa; Kontoniemi, Marita; Niemi, Pekka; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2011-01-01

347

Consultation to Urban Schools for Improvements in Academics and Behavior: No Alibis. No Excuses. No Exceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a multiyear case example to illustrate principles of comprehensive program consultation to low-performing urban school districts. The Plainfield (NJ) school district concluded that leaving no urban child behind required school personnel to attend to students' academic, social, and emotional development in an integrated, ongoing way. By teaming with an outside consultant, building internal capacity, and focusing intervention

Maurice J. Elias; Larry Leverett

2011-01-01

348

Impact of principal leadership on Catholic high school students' academic achievement in Edo state, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years, students of Catholic High\\/Senior secondary schools in Edo state, Nigeria have maintained a significantly higher level of academic achievement than their counterparts in public schools in the state. This development has not only been a cause of serious concern for parents of students who attend public High\\/Senior secondary schools and the government that runs them but also

Osayamen Samson Imhangbe

2012-01-01

349

The Relationship between Principals' Leadership Behaviors and Student Academic Performance in Four Classifications of Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study focused on the problem of poor academic performance in elementary schools by examining the relationship between principals' leadership behaviors and student achievement outcomes and the extent to which these behaviors differ according to the poverty and performance characteristics of the school. A review of the effective schools

Cheatham, Tresa

2010-01-01

350

Foreign Language Education, Academic Performance, and Socioeconomic Status: A Study of California Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines various features of foreign language program offerings at 220 public high schools in California. Foreign language program features were examined in relation to the school's Academic Performance Index (API), the school's socioeconomic status (percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch), and percentage of…

Sung, Hyekyung; Padilla, Amado M.; Silva, Duarte M.

2006-01-01

351

Contributions of Ecological School Mental Health Services to Students' Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an ecological framework for school mental health services that differs in important ways from existing service delivery models. The model is based on research describing ecological frameworks underlying students' school success. Ecological characteristics of schools and classrooms that promote academic success are described…

Doll, Beth; Spies, Rob; Champion, Allison

2012-01-01

352

Foreign Language Education, Academic Performance, and Socioeconomic Status: A Study of California Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines various features of foreign language program offerings at 220 public high schools in California. Foreign language program features were examined in relation to the school's Academic Performance Index (API), the school's socioeconomic status (percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch), and percentage of…

Sung, Hyekyung; Padilla, Amado M.; Silva, Duarte M.

2006-01-01

353

Impact of Principal Leadership on Catholic High School Students' Academic Achievement in Edo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the years, students of Catholic High/Senior secondary schools in Edo state, Nigeria have maintained a significantly higher level of academic achievement than their counterparts in public schools in the state. This development has not only been a cause of serious concern for parents of students who attend public High/Senior secondary schools

Imhangbe, Osayamen Samson

2012-01-01

354

The Influence of Online Catalogs on Academic Library Use by College-Bound High School Seniors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three hypotheses tested the effect access to an online catalog in a school library had on the use of academic libraries by college-bound high school seniors. Analysis data consisted of (1) seventy-three research assignment bibliographies from seniors without online access in the school library; (2) eighty research assignment bibliographies from seniors with access; and (3) 114 questionnaires from students in

Kathleen W. Craver

1988-01-01

355

Sports Bounce GPAs: The Relationship between Athletic Involvement and Academic Performance in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As schools and school districts continue to face budget reductions, school officials must thoroughly evaluate and determine from which programs to decrease funding. Athletic programs are one area that has received much scrutiny for receiving these cuts. If research reveals a significant relationship between athletic involvement and academic

Filsinger, Lora C.

2012-01-01

356

The Relationship between Bible Literacy and Academic Achievement and School Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study assessed the relationship between Bible literacy among secondary school students and their academic achievement and school behavior. One hundred and forty students in the 7th to 12th grade were randomly selected from a Christian school. Four measures of Bible knowledge were combined to obtain an overall measure of Bible literacy. They…

Jeynes, William H.

2009-01-01

357

Consultation to Urban Schools for Improvements in Academics and Behavior: No Alibis. No Excuses. No Exceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses a multiyear case example to illustrate principles of comprehensive program consultation to low-performing urban school districts. The Plainfield (NJ) school district concluded that leaving no urban child behind required school personnel to attend to students' academic, social, and emotional development in an integrated, ongoing…

Elias, Maurice J.; Leverett, Larry

2011-01-01

358

Year-Round School versus Traditional School: The Impact of Academic Calendars on Student Achievement at Selected Elementary Schools in North Central South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact that a year-round school calendar and a traditional school calendar may have on student achievement at selected elementary schools in North Central South Carolina. Specifically it investigated mean differences in academic achievement between elementary students at two year-round schools versus two traditional…

Lindsay-Brown, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

359

Removing Roadblocks to Rigor: Linking Academic and Social Supports to Ensure College Readiness and Success. Annotated Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to identify and summarize research on the scope, characteristics and impact of academic and social support services for students. Several reports on academic rigor have also been included to establish a context for the importance of social and academic support. The bibliography is divided into five…

Savitz-Romer, Mandy; Jager-Hyman, Joie

2009-01-01

360

A Preliminary Research on Middle School Students' Academic Subjective Well-Being and Its Major Influential Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is conducted with self-developed questionnaire on 910 middle school students, aimed at describing middle school students' academic subjective well-being and exploring its influential factors. Results show that (1) Academic subjective well-being of middle school students is generally low and there exist differences in different schools

Liu, Dianzhi; Zhang, Ronghua

2006-01-01

361

Middle School Friendships and Academic Achievement in Early Adolescence: A Longitudinal Analysis  

PubMed Central

Early adolescence is a critical transition period for the maintenance of academic achievement. One factor that school systems often fail to take into account is the influence of friends on academic achievement during middle school. This study investigated the influence of friends’ characteristics on change in academic achievement from Grade 6 through 8, and the role of students’ own characteristics as moderators of this relationship. The sample included 1,278 participants (698 girls). Linear regressions suggest that students with academically engaged friends may achieve to levels higher than expected in Grade 8. However, when considering the significant, negative influence of friends’ problem behavior, the role of friend's school engagement became nonsignificant. Low-achieving girls who had high-achieving friends in Grade 6 had lower academic achievement than expected by Grade 8. In contrast, high-achieving girls seemed to benefit from having high-achieving friends. Implications for theory and prevention efforts targeting young adolescents are discussed.

Veronneau, Marie-Helene; Dishion, Thomas J.

2011-01-01

362

The Substance of Things Hoped for: a Study of the Future Orientation, Minority Status Perceptions, Academic Engagement, and Academic Performance of Black High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between the Future Temporal Orientation (FTO) and academic performance of African American high school students. We hypothesized that the relationship between FTO and academic performance would be mediated by students’ perceptions of the usefulness of an education and their valuing of academic work and that the relationships between FTO and the hypothesized mediators would be

William T. Brown; James M. Jones

2004-01-01

363

Are Physical Activity and Academic Performance Compatible? Academic Achievement, Conduct, Physical Activity and Self-Esteem of Hong Kong Chinese Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education is so strongly emphasized in the Chinese culture that academic success is widely regarded as the only indicator of success, while too much physical activity is often discouraged because it drains energy and affects academic concentration. This study investigated the relations among academic achievement, self-esteem, school conduct and…

Yu, C. C. W.; Chan, Scarlet; Cheng, Frances; Sung, R. Y. T.; Hau, Kit-Tai

2006-01-01

364

High School Counselors' Perceptrons of the Academic and Personality Attributes Important to a Career in Nursing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school counselors (n=95) identified characteristics they considered important for nursing. Leadership and academic achievement were rated less important than for other careers. compassion, kindness, and obedience were considered important but not decision making or assertiveness. (SK)

Blasdell, Alison L.; Hudgins-Brewer, Sandra

1999-01-01

365

Academic Origins of Medical School Applicants and Entrants, 1980-1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two aspects of the national marketplace of medicine are assessed. They include the academic origins of candidates for medical careers and the success of different types of institutions in placing candidates in medical schools. (MLW)|

Lewis, Gwendolyn L.

1984-01-01

366

Differential School Functioning in a Block Schedule: A Comparison of Academic Profiles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of different student academic profiles on students' perceptions of school functioning within a modified alternating day, block-8 (A/B) schedule. Five academic profiles of students were identified using reports of their grades, satisfaction with their achievement, attributions of success to effort or ability,…

Marchant, Gregory J.; Paulson, Sharon B.

2001-01-01

367

Academic Adjustment across Middle School: The Role of Public Regard and Parenting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the current longitudinal study, we examined associations between Black and Latino youths' perceptions of the public's opinion of their racial/ethnic group (i.e., public regard) and changes in academic adjustment outcomes across middle school. We also tested combinations of racial/ethnic socialization and parent involvement in academic

McGill, Rebecca Kang; Hughes, Diane; Alicea, Stacey; Way, Niobe

2012-01-01

368

The Effects of Academic Career Magnet Education on High Schools and Their Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains eight papers on a study of the effects of academic career magnetic education on high schools and their graduates. "Introduction" (Robert L. Crain) explains the study's objectives and methodology, which included an analysis of data files on 9,176 students who applied to 59 different academic career magnet education and…

Crain, Robert L.; Allen, Anna; Thaler, Robert; Sullivan, Debora; Zellman, Gail L.; Little, Judith Warren; Quigley, Denise D.

369

Retention of Academic Skills over the Summer Months in Alternative and Traditional Calendar Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared the retention of academic skills of elementary students in traditional and alternative calendar schools over the summer months using curriculum-based measurement. Students completed mathematics, spelling, written expression, and reading probes in the spring and fall. Results indicated that retention of academic skills in the different…

Reece, Jennifer L.; Myers, Carl L.; Nofsinger, Christy O.; Brown, Reagan D.

2000-01-01

370

Ten Years of TAKE 10! ®: Integrating physical activity with academic concepts in elementary school classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveCurrent literature supports the link between physical activity (PA) or fitness and a child's ability to achieve academically; however, little structured activity time is incorporated into elementary school classrooms. This paper explores the impact of a classroom-based PA program, TAKE 10!, and health–academic integration through existing state and federal policy and programming.

Debra L. Kibbe; Jacqueline Hackett; Melissa Hurley; Allen McFarland; Kathryn Godburn Schubert; Amy Schultz; Suzanne Harris

2011-01-01

371

Academic Achievement and School Functioning Among Nonincarcerated Youth Involved With the Juvenile Justice System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between academic problems and delinquency is well documented among incarcerated populations but has not been examined among nonincarcerated youth involved with the juvenile justice system. This research examined the school functioning and academic achievement of 157 youth who had brief contact with a state department of juvenile justice and then returned to the community. More than half (62.4%)

Jonathan D. Brown; Anne W. Riley; Christine M. Walrath; Philip J. Leaf; Carmen Valdez

2008-01-01

372

Mentoring Urban Black Middle School Male Students: Implications for Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers have called for innovative and culturally responsive intervention programs to enhance male, Black middle school students' academic achievement. Mentoring has received considerable attention as a novel remedy. Although anecdotal evidence supports the positive role of mentoring on academic achievement, these results are not consistent.…

Gordon, Derrick M.; Iwamoto, Derek K.; Ward, Nadia; Potts, Randolph; Boyd, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

373

Is Tobacco Use Associated with Academic Failure among Government School Students in Urban India?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Not much is known about the academic correlates of tobacco use among students in developing countries. This study investigated associations between multiple forms of tobacco use, psychosocial risk factors, and academic failure among 10- to 16-year-old government school students in Delhi and Chennai, India. Methods: This study was a…

Dhavan, Poonam; Stigler, Melissa H.; Perry, Cheryl L.; Arora, Monika; Reddy, K. Srinath

2010-01-01

374

Is Tobacco Use Associated with Academic Failure among Government School Students in Urban India?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Not much is known about the academic correlates of tobacco use among students in developing countries. This study investigated associations between multiple forms of tobacco use, psychosocial risk factors, and academic failure among 10- to 16-year-old government school students in Delhi and Chennai, India. Methods: This study was a…

Dhavan, Poonam; Stigler, Melissa H.; Perry, Cheryl L.; Arora, Monika; Reddy, K. Srinath

2010-01-01

375

THE "ACADEMIC" VS. THE "TOTAL" HIGH SCHOOL AVERAGE--A RE-EXAMINATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE "ACADEMIC" HIGH SCHOOL GRADE AVERAGES OF APPLICANTS TO SOUTH GEORGIA COLLEGE IN THE FALL OF 1964 (526) AND THE FALL OF 1965 (711) WERE COMPARED WITH THEIR TOTAL GRADE AVERAGES. THE MEAN TOTAL GRADE AVERAGE OF THE 1964 GROUP WAS SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER THAN THE MEAN ACADEMIC AVERAGE. IN 1965, WHEN THE COLLEGE REMOVED SUCH COURSES AS MUSIC FROM THE…

GELSO, CHARLES J.; KLOCK, JOSEPH A.

376

Parental Warmth, Control, and Involvement in Schooling: Predicting Academic Achievement among Korean American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explored the relationship between parenting style and academic achievement of Korean American adolescents, investigating the influence of perceived parental warmth and control and improvement in schooling. Survey data indicated that authoritative paternal parenting related to optimal academic achievement. Differences in maternal parenting styles…

Kim, Kyoungho; Rohner, Ronald P.

2002-01-01

377

What's the Problem with a "Rigorous Academic Curriculum"?: Setting New Terms for Students' School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An analysis of the ubiquitous but taken-for-granted term "rigorous academic curriculum" reveals that by definition it is not an academically rigorous term. The term contains multiple meanings, negative connotations, and a constricted conception of the school curriculum. It is associated with a discredited learning theory and in practice tends to…

Wraga, William G.

2011-01-01

378

Personality Factors in Elementary School Children: Contributions to Academic Performance over and above Executive Functions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Unique contributions of Big Five personality factors to academic performance in young elementary school children were explored. Extraversion and Openness (labeled "Culture" in our study) uniquely contributed to academic performance, over and above the contribution of executive functions in first and second grade children (N = 446). Well…

Neuenschwander, Regula; Cimeli, Patrizia; Rothlisberger, Marianne; Roebers, Claudia M.

2013-01-01

379

Perfectionism of Academically Gifted Primary School Students: The Case of Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on perfectionism in Japanese and North American academically gifted children as it pertains to their potential contribution in the countries seeking progress and global leadership. Perfectionist' tendencies and the characteristics that typically reveal such tendencies are examined in academically gifted Japanese juku-school

Maksic, Slavica; Iwasaki, Kumiko

2009-01-01

380

The relationship between early childhood education and primary school academic achievement in Solomon Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper determines the relationship between early childhood education and primary school academic achievement in Solomon\\u000a Islands. By identifying factors within early childhood education programmes that influence children’s primary school academic\\u000a achievement, this study seeks to offer additional understanding about the relationships between early childhood and primary\\u000a education that may be utilized by educators, policy planners at all levels, and

Diana E. Guild

2000-01-01

381

Multivitamin\\/Mineral Supplementation Does Not Affect Standardized Assessment of Academic Performance in Elementary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited research suggests that micronutrient supplementation may have a positive effect on the academic performance and behavior of school-aged children. To determine the effect of multivitamin\\/mineral supplementation on academic performance, students in grades three through six (approximate age range=8 to 12 years old) were recruited from 37 parochial schools in northern New Jersey to participate in a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical

Adam I. Perlman; John Worobey; Julie O'Sullivan Maillet; Riva Touger-Decker; David L. Hom; Jeffrey K. Smith

2010-01-01

382

Moving Beyond High School Expectations: Examining Stakeholders' Responsibility for Increasing Latina\\/o Students' College Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

:In an effort to improve college readiness for Latina\\/o students, this article examines the meaning and significance of college readiness among multiple stakeholders (teachers, counselors, parents, students, and superintendents) in the South Texas border region. Using focus group data, this article explores the assets embedded within college readiness by using integrated Chicana feminist theory (Anzaldúa, 1987; Fránquiz & Salazar, 2004)

Erica K. Yamamura; Melissa A. Martinez; Victor B. Saenz

2010-01-01

383

Moving Beyond High School Expectations: Examining Stakeholders' Responsibility for Increasing Latina\\/o Students' College Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to improve college readiness for Latina\\/o students, this article examines the meaning and significance of college readiness among multiple stakeholders (teachers, counselors, parents, students, and superintendents) in the South Texas border region. Using focus group data, this article explores the assets embedded within college readiness by using integrated Chicana feminist theory (Anzaldúa, 1987; Fránquiz & Salazar, 2004)

Erica K. Yamamura; Melissa A. Martinez; Victor B. Saenz

2010-01-01

384

Predicting school readiness from neurodevelopmental assessments at age 2 years after respiratory distress syndrome in infants born preterm  

PubMed Central

AIM To determine whether neurodevelopmental outcomes at the age of 2 years accurately predict school readiness in children who survived respiratory distress syndrome after preterm birth. METHOD Our cohort included 121 preterm infants who received surfactant and ventilation and were enrolled in a randomized controlled study of inhaled nitric oxide for respiratory distress syndrome. Abnormal outcomes at the age of 2 years were defined as neurosensory disability (cerebral palsy, blindness, or bilateral hearing loss) or delay (no neurosensory disability but Bayley Scales of Infant Development mental or performance developmental index scores <70). School readiness (assessed at a mean age of 5y 6mo, SD 1y) was determined using neurodevelopmental assessments of motor, sensory, receptive vocabulary, perceptual, conceptual, and adaptive skills. RESULTS The mean birthweight of the cohort (57 males, 64 females) was 987g (SD 374), and the mean gestational age was 27.3 weeks (SD 2.6). At the age of 2 years, the neurodevelopmental classification was ‘disabled’ in 11% and ‘delayed’ in 23%. At the age of 5 years 6 months, intensive special education was required for 11% and some special education for 21%. Disability and delay at the age of 2 years were 92% and 50% predictive of lack of school readiness respectively, whereas only 15% of children who were normal at the age of 2 years were not school ready at the later assessment. Children with delay at 2 years were more likely to need special education if they were socially disadvantaged. INTERPRETATION Without preschool developmental supports, preterm survivors living in poverty will require more special education services.

PATRIANAKOS-HOOBLER, ATHENA I; MSALL, MICHAEL E; HUO, DEZHENG; MARKS, JEREMY D; PLESHA-TROYKE, SUSAN; SCHREIBER, MICHAEL D

2010-01-01

385

Mediational Role of Academic Motivation in the Association between School Self-Concept and School Achievement among Indian Adolescents in Canada and India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined the mediational role of academic motivation in the association between school self-concept and school achievement among 355 Indian immigrant adolescents in Canada and 363 Indian adolescents in India. Surveys were administered among Grades 9-12 students in Canada and India to assess their academic self-concepts, academic

Areepattamannil, Shaljan

2012-01-01

386

Fit, Healthy, and Ready To Learn: A School Health Policy Guide. Part II: Policies To Promote Sun Safety and Prevent Skin Cancer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is a supplementary chapter to "Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn: A School Health Policy Guide; Part I: General School Health Policies, Physical Activity, Healthy Eating, and Tobacco-Use Prevention." It discusses various aspects of a complete school policy and plan to promote sun safety. The first section "Purpose and Goals,"…

Fraser, Katherine

387

Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities  

PubMed Central

We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social competence and reduced attention problems but not reduced internalizing or externalizing behavior problems. These findings were robust to model specifications (including models with city-fixed effects and propensity-scoring matching). Furthermore, the effects of Head Start varied by the reference group. Head Start was associated with improved cognitive development when compared with parental care or other nonparental care, as well as improved social competence (compared with parental care) and reduced attention problems (compared with other nonparental care). In contrast, compared with attendance at pre-kindergarten or other center-based care, Head Start attendance was not associated with cognitive gains but with improved social competence and reduced attention and externalizing behavior problems (compared with attendance at other center-based care). These associations were not moderated by child gender or race/ethnicity.

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2011-01-01

388

Enabling School Structure, Collective Responsibility, and a Culture of Academic Optimism: Toward a Robust Model of School Performance in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this research is twofold: to test a theory of academic optimism in Taiwan elementary schools and to expand the theory by adding new variables, collective responsibility and enabling school structure, to the model. Design/methodology/approach: Structural equation modeling was used to test, refine, and expand an…

Wu, Jason H.; Hoy, Wayne K.; Tarter, C. John

2013-01-01

389

Investigating School Psychologists' Perceptions of Treatment Integrity in School-Based Interventions for Children with Academic and Behavior Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors conducted a survey of nationally certified school psychologists (NCSPs) in Ohio via the Internet. They collected information regarding the beliefs of the NCSPs about the importance of measuring treatment integrity in school-based interventions for children with academic and behavior concerns. The authors collected the…

Cochrane, Wendy S.; Laux, John M.

2007-01-01

390

The Impact of Leadership Practices on the Academic Achievement of Elementary Students in Satisfactory Schools and Unsatisfactory Schools in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Our nation's k-12 schools are faced with numerous critical challenges: elevating academic achievement, recruitment and retention of high-caliber teachers, improving teacher quality, and meeting the mandates of the "No Child Left Behind" ("NCLB") legislation and state standards (Simpson, Lacava, & Graner, 2004; & (Kowalski, 2009). Today's school

Hill, Antonio

2011-01-01

391

The Multilayered Character of Newcomers' Academic Identities: Somali Female High-School Students in a US School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the findings of a qualitative study with female refugee high school students from Somalia in the US, this paper attempts to provide a window to understanding the multilayered character of newcomer students' academic identity construction. The students' micro-level processes of creating spaces for belonging at school are linked to…

Oikonomidoy, Eleni

2009-01-01

392

Social Support: An Essential Ingredient to Success. A College Readiness Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research is unequivocal in showing that the quality and intensity of a student's high school curriculum has the greatest impact on college success. But even rigorous academic preparation alone is not sufficient to assure that a student graduates from high school ready to succeed in college. Social support strategies that sustain the preparation…

TERi (The Education Resources Institute, Inc), 2007

2007-01-01

393

Understanding Academic Work as Practical Activity--and Preparing (Business-School) Academics for Praxis?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This text suggests a way of framing academic work and outlines a design for a preparatory event based on this understanding. It conceives academic work as "practical activity" and potential "praxis" in emergence by focusing on four issues: how can I do this work (tactical stance), what can I accomplish and achieve in it (political), why are my…

Rasanen, Keijo

2009-01-01

394

Academic PHD School at Faculty of Agriculture in Tirana, Albania.  

PubMed

Agricultural University of Tirana (AUT) is one of 12 public Universities in Albania. There are five Faculties within AUT. The study courses in AUT except of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, are organized in three levels. Courses of the first level offer the fundamental knowledge. The students at the end of this cycle own 180 credits and obtain a first level diploma. In the second level study courses, the students get deeper theoretical and practical knowledge and modules are spread across 120 credits. At the end of this level the students obtain a second level diploma, according to the study course. In FVM, the study courses are organized as integrated program of second level that is spread across 300 credits. The students, who have finished the first level course, may go further in "Master of First level" for a professional training, where they do obtain 60 credits. The program of third cycle includes the courses of "Master of Second level" and the programs of PhD. The course of "Master of second level" is offered to the students who have achieved a Diploma of Second Level, and the students get deeper knowledge of scientific and professional character and do obtain at least 60 credits. PhD programs have totally an academic character. The principal aspect is the research and independent scientific activity. This program can be followed by the students who have a diploma of second level, or a diploma of "Master of Second level". The PhD program is organized in four years. The first year, consists of theoretical knowledge of the students. The second year is mainly research. The third year is research, data manipulation, publications, oral presentations and the last year is compilation of PhD thesis, its presentation and defense. Here is presented newly established doctoral school at Faculty of Agriculture and Environment. PMID:20491407

Bijo, B; Hoda, A; Thamaj, F

2010-01-01

395

Moving Beyond High School Expectations: Examining Stakeholders' Responsibility for Increasing Latina/o Students' College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to improve college readiness for Latina/o students, this article examines the meaning and significance of college readiness among multiple stakeholders (teachers, counselors, parents, students, and superintendents) in the South Texas border region. Using focus group data, this article explores the assets embedded within college…

Yamamura, Erica K.; Martinez, Melissa A.; Saenz, Victor B.

2010-01-01

396

Moving Beyond High School Expectations: Examining Stakeholders' Responsibility for Increasing Latina/o Students' College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an effort to improve college readiness for Latina/o students, this article examines the meaning and significance of college readiness among multiple stakeholders (teachers, counselors, parents, students, and superintendents) in the South Texas border region. Using focus group data, this article explores the assets embedded within college…

Yamamura, Erica K.; Martinez, Melissa A.; Saenz, Victor B.

2010-01-01

397

Parental Involvement, Interest in Schooling and School Environment as Predictors of Academic Self-Efficacy among Fresh Secondary School Students in Oyo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of parental involvement, interest in schooling and school environment on academic self-efficacy of fresh secondary school students. Two hundred and fifty students constituted the study's sample. Both the independent and the dependent variables were measured with relevant standardized…

Adeyemo, David Akinlolu

2005-01-01

398

Academic Performance and School Success: Sources and Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The promotion of academic success has been linked to children's social and emotional wellness, reduction in risky behaviors, and promotion of social and emotional competence. This chapter briefly summarizes the evidence regarding the link between academic performance and health risk behaviors, including substance abuse, delinquency, teen sexual…

Hawkins, J. David

399

The Influence of Perceived Poverty and Academic Achievement on School Counselor Conceptualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This analog study presented 173 practicing school counselors with one of four case scenarios depicting a student new to their school. Each scenario manipulated one of two levels of the independent variables, which were perceived poverty and academic achievement. Main effects indicate that participants rated students as more attractive counseling…

Hutchison, Brian

2011-01-01

400

Academic Achievement for Fifth-Grade Students in Elementary and Intermediate School Settings: Grade Span Configurations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few researchers have addressed student achievement outcomes as a function of grade configurations for older elementary-aged students. Thus, this study was designed to determine differences between students' Grade 5 reading and mathematics achievement in elementary schools (K-5) as compared to intermediate schools (Grade 5, 5-6) for 5 academic

Combs, Julie P.; Clark, David; Moore, George W.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2011-01-01

401

The Influence of Perceived Poverty and Academic Achievement on School Counselor Conceptualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analog study presented 173 practicing school counselors with one of four case scenarios depicting a student new to their school. Each scenario manipulated one of two levels of the independent variables, which were perceived poverty and academic achievement. Main effects indicate that participants rated students as more attractive counseling…

Hutchison, Brian

2011-01-01

402

Creativity, intelectual abilities and response styles: Implications for academic performance in the secondary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to study the creative competence of a specific sample of secondary pupils in a multicultural and multilingual school context, taking into consideration their intellectual abilities, re- sponse style and academic performance in the different subject areas of the secondary education. The sample consists of 75 pupils at the European School of Alicante- a European

Rosa M. Limiñana Gras; Manuel Bordoy; Graziella Juste Ballesta; Javier Corbalán Berna

2010-01-01

403

Athletes' Efforts to Meet College Academic Standards Buoy Prep-School Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some high-school athletes with borderline grades and low achievement-test scores are enrolling in small, private preparatory schools in an effort to meet the National Collegiate Athletic Association's academic standards and play sports during their freshman year in college. (MLW)|

Lederman, Douglas

1987-01-01

404

The Association of Athletic Expenditures with Student Academic Achievement in Arkansas Secondary Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on public secondary schools in Arkansas were gathered for two separate school years, 2005-2006 (N = 278) and 2006-2007 (N = 279), to determine if there was an association between athletic expenditures and student academic achievement. Prior to this research, there was little empirical evidence demonstrating any effect that athletic spending…

Skelton, Mike

2009-01-01

405

Fast-Paced High School Science for the Academically Talented: A Six-Year Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a 6-year study of academically talented students, 12 to 16 years old, who completed a 1-year course in high school biology, chemistry, or physics in 3 weeks at a residential summer program. Students demonstrated subject mastery by taking College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) science achievement tests. Their mean scores were higher than those of high school juniors and

Sharon J. Lynch

1992-01-01

406

Simply academic? Why children with special educational needs don’t like school  

Microsoft Academic Search

International studies have raised concerns about the academic and social implications of inclusive policies on school engagement and successful learning and, in particular, on the ways in which friendships are formed between students with SEN and other students. This article stems from research findings which show that Irish children with special educational needs like school less than their peers without

Selina McCoy; Joanne Banks

2012-01-01

407

School Context and the Academic Achievement of Students with Emotional Disturbance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined the academic characteristics of 140 elementary-aged students served under the category of emotional disturbance (ED) from schools that differed in income level, performance on state testing, and suspension rates. School income accounted for a large amount of the variance in the reading and math achievement of students with ED…

Wiley, Andrew L.; Siperstein, Gary N.; Bountress, Kaitlin E.; Forness, Steven R.; Brigham, Frederick J.

2008-01-01

408

High School Concussions in the 2008-2009 Academic YearMechanism, Symptoms, and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: An estimated 136 000 concussions occur per academic year in high schools alone. The effects of repetitive concussions and the potential for catastrophic injury have made concussion an injury of significant concern for young athletes.Purpose: The objective of this study was to describe the mechanism of injury, symptoms, and management of sport-related concussions using the High School Reporting Information

William P. Meehan; Pierre dHemecourt; R. Dawn Comstock

2010-01-01

409

Improving Academic Achievement of Students with Problematic Attendance by Implementing a Multisystemic School-Based Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study addressed the problem of poor attendance adversely affecting grades and learning. Current school policies do not address problematic attendance for all school-aged children, perpetuating trends of academic failure. The research objective was to determine if unexcused absences had a greater negative impact on a high-stakes test compared…

Kay, James Edward

2010-01-01

410

Social Support and Achievement for Young Adolescents in Chicago: The Role of School Academic Press  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores whether the social support that young adolescents may draw on for their academic activities is related to how much they learn in mathematics and reading over the course of a year. Data came from 1997survey reports collected by the Consortium for Chicago School Research from 30,000 sixth and eighth graders in 304 Chicago public elementary schools about

Valerie E. Lee; Julia B. Smith

1999-01-01

411

Discrimination, Ethnic Identity, and Academic Outcomes of Mexican Immigrant Children: The Importance of School Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined ethnic identity, perceptions of discrimination, and academic attitudes and performance of primarily first- and second-generation Mexican immigrant children living in a predominantly White community (N = 204, 19 schools, mean age = 9 years). The study also examined schools' promotion of multiculturalism and teachers' attitudes…

Brown, Christia Spears; Chu, Hui

2012-01-01

412

Exploring Students' Perceptions of Academic Disengagement and Reengagement in a Dropout Recovery Charter School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory case study was to understand the academic disengagement and reengagement process from the perspective of students enrolled in a dropout recovery charter school. Specifically, this study focused on students' perceptions of the factors that influenced their lack of success in the traditional school setting, the…

Iachini, Aidyn L.; Buettner, Cynthia; Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Reno, Rebecca

2013-01-01

413

Using Cooperative Learning To Improve the Academic Achievements of Inner-City Middle School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whether using cooperative learning can improve the academic achievement of inner city middle school students was studied in Gary, Indiana at a school with a population of 503 students. Two seventh-grade classes taught by 1 African American male teacher served as 1 treatment group of 20 at-risk students and one nontreatment group of 24 high…

Holliday, Dwight C.

414

Children's academic achievement at school: Socioeconomic status, teacher-child relationship, home environment, and parental beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to utilize an ecological perspective to extend and bring together research on home and school factors that affect children's academic achievement during kindergarten, including family and school SES, teacher-child relationships, home reading and math environments, parental beliefs, and parental expectations. A sample of 306 kindergarten children, their parents (N = 280), and their teachers

Jennifer M Graff

2004-01-01

415

The effect of athletic participation on academic achievement of middle school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between athletic participation and academic achievement with consideration of gender, ethnicity, participation, and test scores at the middle school level.^ It has been estimated that over 7 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 participate in organized school sports in the United States (Stryer, Tofler, & Lapchick, 1998).

Kendal Shriver Cathey

2008-01-01

416

An Exploration of How School District Leaders Are Responding to the Connecticut Academic Achievement Test (CAPT).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on how school district leaders in Connecticut are translating educational reform policies into instructional practice. It explored how school improvement initiatives were being implemented to improve student performance on the Connecticut Academic Performance Test (CAPT) and examined the ways in which these initiatives were…

Negroni, Italia A.; Iwanicki, Edward F.

417

School Resources and Academic Standards in California: Lessons from the Schoolhouse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report is the last in a three-part series examining the relationship between school resources and student achievement in California. The central focus in all three reports has been the standards-based reform of California public schools. Between 1995 and 1998, California introduced academic content standards specifying what students should…

Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Reinhard, Ray

2006-01-01

418

The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Secondary Schools upon Students' Academic Success and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a study investigating the short- and long-term effects of secondary schools upon student academic success and development. A questionnaire was administered to a randomly selected sample of 15% of Cypriot students who graduated in June 2004 and June 2005 from secondary schools. A good response rate (i.e., 66%) was…

Antoniou, Panayiotis

2012-01-01

419

Differences in construction, facilities, equipment and academic achievement among Ugandan primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sets out to clarify two questions within the context of a non-industrial society's educational system: (1) In what areas would there be measurable variation in physical facilities between primary schools? (2) Is any of this variation statistically related to the academic performance of children on the national selection examination (PLE) used for entrance into senior secondary school? The

Stephen P. Heyneman

1977-01-01

420

The Effects of Alcohol Use on Academic Achievement in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the effects of alcohol use on high school students' quality of learning. We estimate fixed-effects models using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Our primary measure of academic achievement is the student's grade point average (GPA) abstracted from official school transcripts. We find that…

Balsa, Ana I.; Giuliano, Laura M.; French, Michael T.

2011-01-01

421

Does Lengthening the School Day Increase Students' Academic Achievement? Results from a Natural Experiment in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study (an impact evaluation of the Chilean full school day program) uses difference-in-differences to estimate the effect of a large increase in instructional time on high school students' academic achievement. The main findings are (i) the program had a positive effect on students' achievement in both mathematics and language; (ii) the…

Bellei, Cristian

2009-01-01

422

How Does School Mobility Impact Indicators of Academic Achievement for Highly Mobile Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children who are homeless or in foster care change schools more often than their non-mobile peers. The impact of school mobility increases their risk of academic failure (Evans, 1996; Ingersoll, Scamman, & Eckerling, 1989; Mao, 1997, Mehana & Reynolds, 2003; Reynolds & Wolf, 1999). Laws enforcing the right of students to remain in their "original…

Tanner-McBrien, Laura

2010-01-01

423

The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Secondary Schools upon Students' Academic Success and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the results of a study investigating the short- and long-term effects of secondary schools upon student academic success and development. A questionnaire was administered to a randomly selected sample of 15% of Cypriot students who graduated in June 2004 and June 2005 from secondary schools. A good response rate (i.e., 66%)…

Antoniou, Panayiotis

2012-01-01

424

Discrimination, Ethnic Identity, and Academic Outcomes of Mexican Immigrant Children: The Importance of School Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined ethnic identity, perceptions of discrimination, and academic attitudes and performance of primarily first- and second-generation Mexican immigrant children living in a predominantly White community (N = 204, 19 schools, mean age = 9 years). The study also examined schools' promotion of multiculturalism and teachers' attitudes…

Brown, Christia Spears; Chu, Hui

2012-01-01

425

Principals' perceptions of classroom structure and academic effects: How middle school students with disabilities are affected  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates that a significant number of middle school students with disabilities perform better academically in classrooms with teachers who possess strong content knowledge and high expectations for their students. This mixed-method case study was designed to explore with a sample of principals their perceptions of why some middle school students with disabilities score higher on both standardized exams and

Khalek Abdul Jamahl Kirkland

2011-01-01

426

Academically At-Risk Students' Perceptions of a Constructivist High School Biology Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful completion of the Living Environment, one state's high school biology course, is a state graduation requirement. The academically at-risk students enrolled in one suburban public high school had been disproportionately unsuccessful at achieving a passing grade in this course. In response, a constructivist biology curriculum was created…

Sweeney, Heidi

2010-01-01

427

Experiences of Violence and Deficits in Academic Achievement among Urban Primary School Children in Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between children's experiences of three different types of violence and academic achievement among primary school children in Kingston, Jamaica. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1300 children in grade 5 [mean (S.D.) age: 11 (0.5) years] from 29 government primary schools in urban…

Baker-Henningham, Helen; Meeks-Gardner, Julie; Chang, Susan; Walker, Susan

2009-01-01

428

Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The middle school level is of particular concern to educators because of poor standardized test performance. This study evaluated change in academic achievement in public middle school students practicing the Transcendental Meditation[R] program compared to controls. A total of 189 students who were below proficiency level at baseline in English…

Nidich, Sanford; Mjasiri, Shujaa; Nidich, Randi; Rainforth, Maxwell; Grant, James; Valosek, Laurent; Chang, Walter; Zigler, Ronald L.

2011-01-01

429

The Relation between Youth Fear and Avoidance of Crime in School and Academic Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite decades of research analyzing fear of crime among adults, little is known about youth fear of crime in general and youth fear of crime in school, specifically. Moreover, among existing studies most emphasize causes of fear, with little discussion of avoidance or the academic consequences of these feelings and behaviors in school. This…

Barrett, Kimberly L.; Jennings, Wesley G.; Lynch, Michael J.

2012-01-01

430

The Academic Quality of Public School Teachers: An Analysis of Entry and Exit Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigate how the labor market decisions of recent college graduates, new teachers, and employers affect the academic quality of the teaching workforce in public schools. They use a rich longitudinal data set of Missouri college graduates and public school teachers to examine the behavior of college graduates concerning an initial…

Podgursky, Michael; Monroe, Ryan; Watson, Donald

2004-01-01

431

School change, academic progress, and behavior problems in a sample of foster youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of school change on academic progress and behavioral problems. While the effect of placement change on behavioral problems, and case outcome has received considerable attention in the literature; its close correlate school change has largely been ignored. This paper addresses that gap. Structured interviews were used to collect retrospective data on youth's educational experiences while

Melissa J. Sullivan; Loring Jones; Sally Mathiesen

2010-01-01

432

Predictions of Academic Performance in Graduate and Professional School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a model followed in earlier research, corre lations were computed between undergraduate and graduate grade-point averages as well as between these and standard graduate and professional school tests. Approximately 1200 law school stu dents constituted a professional school sample and another 1200 students in mathematics, physics, and chemistry constituted a graduate school sample. Earlier findings were replicated. In addition,

Pang-chieh Lin; Lloyd G. Humphreys

1977-01-01

433

Whether highly curious students thrive academically depends on perceptions about the school learning environment: A study of Hong Kong adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study tested whether the perceived academic values of a school moderate whether highly curious students thrive\\u000a academically. We investigated the interactive effects of curiosity and school quality on academic success for 484 Hong Kong\\u000a high school students. Chinese versions of the Curiosity and Exploration Inventory, Subjective Happiness Scale, and Rosenberg\\u000a Self-Esteem scales were administered and shown to have

Todd Barrett Kashdan; Mantak Yuen

2007-01-01

434

Academic Performance and Single-Sex Schooling: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effects of random assignment to coeducational and single-sex classes on the academic performance of female high school students. Our estimation results show that single-sex schooling improves the performance of female students in mathematics. This positive effect increases if the single-sex class is taught by a male teacher. An accompanying survey reveals that single-sex schooling also strengthens female

Gerald Eisenkopf; Zohal Hessami; Urs Fischbacher; Heinrich Ursprung

2011-01-01

435

Socioeconomic advantage and achievement motivation: Important mediators of academic performance in minority children in urban schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

A correlational study examined relationships between socioeconomic advantage, achievement motivation, and academic performance in an urban elementary school population of 130 minority students (African-American, Hispanic). Level of socioeconomic advantage (more\\/less) was determined by school records and eligibility for participation in a compensatory school-lunch program for low-income children. A self-report measure of students' self-efficacy, intrinsic value, and self-regulatory learning orientation was

Geoffrey F. Schultz

1993-01-01

436

Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because children entering kindergarten come with a variety of preschool and home experiences, and accordingly, with varying levels of school readiness, the Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards have been developed to provide a more consistent definition of school readiness. The goal for the Standards is to provide early childhood educators…

Wyoming State Dept. of Education, Cheyenne.

437

Can After-School Programs Help Level the Academic Playing Field for Disadvantaged Youth? Equity Matters. Research Review No. 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools struggle to meet federal achievement standards, after-school programs are increasingly viewed as a potential source of academic support for youth at risk of school failure. The hope among youth advocates and policymakers is that after-school programs can partially compensate for the inequities that plague the nation's schools and play a…

Gardner, Margo; Roth, Jodie L.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2009-01-01

438

A Research Report on Essential Factors Germane to a Child's Readiness for First Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report offers answers to four basic questions about children's readiness for school: (1) What does being ready for school mean? (2) How can practitioners best identify and assess readiness? (3) How important is readiness? and (4) How do children who are ready get ready, and how do children who are not yet ready become ready? It is argued that…

Fadden, Constance Joan

439

Measuring Academic Growth in Students with Disabilities in Charter Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current climate of high-stakes accountability created under the No Child Left Behind legislation, public schools, including charter schools, are under tremendous pressure to show consistent improvement in student achievement for all students. Students with disabilities present unique challenges to schools attempting to meet Adequate Yearly…

Drame, Elizabeth R.

2010-01-01

440

Home-School Collaboration: Enhancing Children's Academic and Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the school and the home/parents in enhancing the possibilities for students' success. Twenty-four individual chapters by 45 contributors include: (1) "Family Systems and the School" (William Doherty and Vida Peskay); (2) "Home-School Collaboration: Effects, Issues, and Opportunities"…

Christenson, Sandra L., Ed.; Conoley, Jane Close, Ed.

441

High School Types, Academic Performance and Early Labour Market Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using microdata on the 1995 cohort of Italian high school graduates, this paper studies the relationship between the type of high school attended (general versus technical; private versus public) and indicators of subsequent performance. Simultaneity issues that potentially bias this type of exercise are tackled by instrumental variables. Results indicate that the type of high school attended greatly depends upon

Lorenzo Cappellari

2004-01-01

442

Organizational Culture of Secondary Schools and Students' Academic Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This newsletter reports the results of a study that explored the relationship between the organizational culture of secondary schools and students' progress, that is success, failure, and dropout. Three secondary schools were examined in the study, and the results showed that the organizational culture of schools is a useful concept for…

CRIRES Bulletin, 1994

1994-01-01

443

Organizational Culture of Secondary Schools and Students' Academic Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter reports the results of a study that explored the relationship between the organizational culture of secondary schools and students' progress, that is success, failure, and dropout. Three secondary schools were examined in the study, and the results showed that the organizational culture of schools is a useful concept for…

CRIRES Bulletin, 1994

1994-01-01

444

The Role of Sense of School Belonging and Gender in the Academic Adjustment of Latino Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine the roles of sense of belonging and gender in the academic outcomes of urban, Latino\\u000a adolescents. It was expected that sense of belonging would play a different role in males' and females' academic adjustment.\\u000a Participants (N = 143) included mostly Mexican and Puerto Rican seniors from a large, urban high school. The

Bernadette Sánchez; Yarí Colón; Patricia Esparza

2005-01-01

445

The Relationship Between Classroom Motivation and Academic Achievement in Elementary-School-Aged Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between motivation and academic success has been better established with older children and adults than with younger children. As part of a larger project, the purpose of this study was to examine the relation-ship between classroom motivation and academic achievement in young elementary-school-aged children. The participants were 122 first-grade and 129 third-grade children from a mid-sized city in

Sheri Coates Broussard; M. E. Betsy Garrison

2004-01-01

446

Ready, willing, and able: developing a support system to promote implementation of school-based prevention programs.  

PubMed

While the number and scope of evidence-based health, education, and mental health services continues to grow, the movement of these practices into schools and other practice settings remains a complex and haphazard process. The purpose of this paper is to describe and present initial support for a prevention support system designed to promote high-quality implementation of whole school prevention initiatives in elementary and middle schools. The function and strategies of a school-based prevention support system are discussed, including key structures and activities undertaken to identify, select, and provide technical assistance to school personnel. Data collected over a 5 year period are presented, including evidence of successful implementation support for 5 different evidence-based programs implemented with fidelity at 12 schools and preliminary evidence of goal attainment. Findings suggest the ongoing collection of information related to organizational readiness assists in the adoption and implementation of effective practices and initiatives and provide valuable insight into the development of results-oriented approaches to prevention service delivery. Problems, progress, and lessons learned through this process are discussed to frame future research and action steps for this school-based prevention support system. PMID:22618024

Flaspohler, Paul D; Meehan, Cricket; Maras, Melissa A; Keller, Kathryn E

2012-12-01

447

Promoting Academic and Social-Emotional School Readiness: The Head Start REDI Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-four Head Start classrooms were randomly assigned to enriched intervention (Head Start REDI—Research- based,Developmentally Informed) or ''usual practice'' conditions. The intervention involved brief lessons, ''hands- on'' extension activities, and specific teaching strategies linked empirically with the promotion of: (a) social- emotional competencies and (b) language development and emergent literacy skills. Take-home materials were providedtoparentstoenhanceskilldevelopment at home.Multimethodassessmentsofthreehundredandfifty-six 4-year-old children tracked their

Karen L. Bierman; Celene E. Domitrovich; Robert L. Nix; Scott D. Gest; Janet A. Welsh; Mark T. Greenberg; Clancy Blair; Keith E. Nelson; Sukhdeep Gill

2008-01-01

448

Using Quasi-Experimental Methods to Select Comparisons Schools for an Evaluation of the Northeast Tennessee College and Career Ready Consortium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation focuses on the quasi-experimental methods used to select comparison schools for an evaluation of a federal investing in innovation (i3) validation grant. The Northeast Tennessee College and Career Ready Consortium (NETCO) consists of 29 high schools participating in a five-year program to expand students' access to rigorous…

Mokher, Christine; Cavalluzzo, Linda

2011-01-01

449

The Development of Academic Language Proficiency: Challenges for Middle School Immersion in Hong Kong and Xi'an  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the development of academic language proficiency through immersion in middle school programmes in Hong Kong and Xi'an. The study reveals that in both contexts students have exposure to complex academic language through teacher talk and textbooks; however, there is not sufficient support for students' academic language use…

Kong, Stella; Hoare, Philip

2012-01-01

450

A Multi-Dimensional Tutoring and Academic Counseling Model: Applications and Effects Upon Minority High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An experiment was conducted to investigate the relationship between Tutoring and Academic Counseling (TAC) and the academic performance of minority group high school students. The treatment group of 16 students was exposed to TAC, an intensive program of one-to-one tutoring in academic areas and counseling on study skills and interpersonal…

James, William H.; Sanderson, Leslie A.

451

Linking Teachers' Perceptions of Educational Value Discontinuity to Low-Income Middle School Students' Academic Engagement & Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to examine whether teachers' perceptions of educational value discontinuity are predictive of the psychological antecedents of academic performance (e.g., academic engagement and academic self-efficacy) during middle school. Educational value discontinuity is defined as the difference between teachers' actual…

Tyler, Kenneth M.; Boelter, Christina M.; Boykin, A. Wade

2008-01-01

452

The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

2009-01-01

453

The academic impact of multi-track year-round school calendars: A response to school overcrowding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using detailed longitudinal data for the state of California, this paper studies the effect of multi-track year-round school calendars on academic performance. This particular type of year-round calendar allows for schools to house more students within the same facility than other calendars and is often motivated by its potential to alleviate overcrowding as well as to save costs relative to

Jennifer Graves

2010-01-01

454

Coeducational or single?sex school: does it make a difference on high school girls’ academic motivation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to further examine the impact over time of single?sex and coeducational school environments on girls’ motivation in language arts and mathematics. Two cohorts comprising 340 girls (7th to 9th grade; 9th to 11th grade) from eight coeducational and two single?sex schools were followed during a period of three academic years in a longitudinal

Roch Chouinard; Carole Vezeau; Thérèse Bouffard

2008-01-01

455

Adolescent Same-Sex Attraction and Academic Outcomes: The Role of School Attachment and Engagement  

PubMed Central

Schools create environments in which some sexual feelings, behaviors, and relationships are stigmatized, and this may have negative consequences for adolescents with nonheterosexual romantic attractions. This stigma can lead them to withdraw and disengage from school at a critical time of preparation for adulthood, which can compromise opportunities for future success. Previous research has demonstrated that sexual minority youth report greater levels of school-related problems, including a weaker sense of attachment to school and more trouble with teachers and peers. This lack of social integration is likely to affect their educational success. Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and the newly collected Adolescent Health and Academic Achievement study provide the first opportunity to fully explore whether and to what extent same-sex attracted youth enter adulthood with an educational disadvantage. In this study, we examine (1) whether same-sex attracted adolescents have lower levels of academic success, (2) if their lower academic success is explained by a lack of social integration at school, and (3) whether these relationships differ for boys and girls. Results suggest that same-sex attracted students, particularly boys, do suffer academically, and that this is in part a result of school-related problems and risk factors such as emotional distress and substance use; however, a great deal of the disadvantage fails to be explained by these factors. Additionally, while same-sex attracted boys show poorer academic performance, same-sex attracted girls do not, suggesting that gender may shape how sexual minority youth experience and respond to marginalizing school environments

Pearson, Jennifer; Muller, Chandra; Wilkinson, Lindsey

2010-01-01

456

Acculturative and Psychological Predictors of Academic-Related Outcomes Among Cambodian American High School Students  

PubMed Central

This study examined the acculturative and psychosocial predictors of academic-related outcomes among Cambodian American high school students from an urban school district in the state of Massachusetts. Student participants (N = 163) completed an anonymous survey that assessed demographic characteristics, acculturative experiences, intergenerational conflict, depression, and academic-related outcomes. The main results indicated that acculturative and psychosocial variables were significant predictors of academic-related outcomes. Specifically, students' Cambodian cultural orientation was positively associated with their beliefs about the utility of education and sense of school membership, while students' Anglo/White cultural orientation was positively associated with their grade point average, educational aspirations, and sense of school membership. Results also indicated that Cambodian cultural orientation was negatively associated with intergenerational conflict, which in turn was associated with depression. This study provides important information to developers of school-based and family-based prevention and intervention programs by highlighting the acculturative challenges and how academic success can be fostered for Cambodian American students.

Dinh, Khanh T.; Weinstein, Traci L.; Kim, Su Yeong; Ho, Ivy K.

2009-01-01

457

Small Learning Communities versus Small Schools: Describing the Difference in the Academic Achievement of African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, the United States Department of Education began its Small Learning Community Program in an effort to support the breakup of large schools into smaller learning communities. In an effort to improve the academic success rate of students, President George W. Bush signed into law the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" (NCLB). NCLB had as its…

Owens, Carol L.

2010-01-01

458

Small Learning Communities versus Small Schools: Describing the Difference in the Academic Achievement of African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1999, the United States Department of Education began its Small Learning Community Program in an effort to support the breakup of large schools into smaller learning communities. In an effort to improve the academic success rate of students, President George W. Bush signed into law the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" (NCLB). NCLB had as its…

Owens, Carol L.

2010-01-01

459

Establishment of Academic Standards for Early Twentieth Century Texas High Schools: The University of Texas Affiliated Schools Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last quarter of the century several universities including those in Michigan, Illinois, and Texas launched initiatives to ensure that high schools' academic standards prepared students for admission to the state university. This paper illuminates affiliation programs that foreshadowed the accreditation movement. Not only did affiliation…

LeCompte, Karon Nicol; Davis, O. L., Jr.

2005-01-01

460

A Gendered Look at the Academic Achievement of Low Income African-American High School Students: Strategies of Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the academic success of 30 low-income African-American high school students. The 20 females and 10 males were participants in the Advancement via Individual Determination (AVID) program, a high school program that places previously low-achieving, low-income, and minority students in a special class that offers them academic and…

Hubbard, Lea

461

Secondary School Transition and the Use of Different Sources of Information for the Construction of the Academic Self-Concept  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focuses on processes involved in students' academic self-concept constructions before, during, and after secondary school transition. The study is based on a four-wave longitudinal dataset (N = 1953). Structural equation modeling showed that during school transition, the impact of grades on students' academic self-concepts in Math and…

Gniewosz, Burkhard; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Noack, Peter

2012-01-01

462

Career and Technical Education in the Balance: An Analysis of High School Persistence, Academic Achievement, and Postsecondary Destinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship between: (1) the balance struck between career and technical education (CTE) and academic course-taking during the high school years; and (2) academic achievement, persistence in high school, and postsecondary destinations. Data for the study were drawn from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988. The…

Plank, Stephen

463

Contextual Influences on Sources of Academic Self-Efficacy: A Validation with Secondary School Students of Kerala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the theorized sources of Academic Self-Efficacy among the higher secondary school students of Kerala, India. Mastery Experience in the form of Academic Achievement, vicarious experience in the form of School Image and Social Persuasion in the form of Parental Encouragement are included as the predictor variables of…

Gafoor, K. Abdul; Ashraf, P. Muhammed

2012-01-01

464

Academic and Professional Career Outcomes of Medical School Graduates Who Failed USMLE Step 1 on the First Attempt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to determine the academic and professional outcomes of medical school graduates who failed the United States Licensing Examination Step 1 on the first attempt. This retrospective cohort study was based on pooled data from 2,003 graduates of six Midwestern medical schools in the classes of 1997-2002. Demographic, academic, and…

McDougle, Leon; Mavis, Brian E.; Jeffe, Donna B.; Roberts, Nicole K.; Ephgrave, Kimberly; Hageman, Heather L.; Lypson, Monica L.; Thomas, Lauree; Andriole, Dorothy A.

2013-01-01

465

Examining Familial-Based Academic Success Factors in Urban High School Students: The Case of Puerto Rican Female High Achievers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article works to dispel the myth that Puerto Rican female urban high school students living in poverty are not capable of performing at high academic levels. This article attempts to counteract these beliefs by describing the four success factors that seven Puerto Rican female high school students attribute to their high academic achievement. These success factors are: (1) religiosity

René Antrop-González; William Vélez; Tomás Garrett

2008-01-01

466

The Effects of Block Scheduling on High School Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of block scheduling on high school student achievement in mathematics and reading was investigated in this study through the use of an ex post-facto, longitudinal research design. Specifically, student scores from 9th and 11th-grade standardized tests were matched and sorted by junior high and high school attended. Outcome measures…

Lewis, Chance W.; Dugan, James J.; Winokur, Marc A.; Cobb, Brian R.

2005-01-01

467

Health Is Academic. A Guide to Coordinated School Health Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents a collection of papers that define comprehensive school health programs and their components and provide action steps for their implementation at the local, state, and national levels: (1) "Linking Health and Learning: An Overview of Coordinated School Health Programs" (Floretta Dukes McKenzie and Julius B. Richmond); (2)…

Marx, Eva, Ed.; Wooley, Susan Frelick, Ed.; Northrop, Daphne, Ed.

468

Leisure Activity, Motivation, and Academic Achievement in High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study investigated relationships between secondary students' school achievement, leisure activities, and motivation. Leisure activity variables predicted school achievement but were weak compared to motivation variables, which were weak compared to goals for college. Number of leisure activities and hours spent in leisure activities correlated…

Bergin, David A.

1992-01-01

469

School Resources and Academic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigate links between students' achievement and several resource inputs in African primary schools, using data from the 2000 Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ-II). We focused on four sub-Saharan countries that had in place legislation mandating free and universal primary schooling: Botswana,…

Lee, Valerie E.; Zuze, Tia Linda

2011-01-01

470

Health Is Academic. A Guide to Coordinated School Health Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a collection of papers that define comprehensive school health programs and their components and provide action steps for their implementation at the local, state, and national levels: (1) "Linking Health and Learning: An Overview of Coordinated School Health Programs" (Floretta Dukes McKenzie and Julius B. Richmond); (2)…

Marx, Eva, Ed.; Wooley, Susan Frelick, Ed.; Northrop, Daphne, Ed.

471

The Connection Between Academic Failure and Adolescent Drinking in Secondary School  

PubMed Central

Academic failure and drinking are both problematic aspects of the adolescent stage of the life course, and the connection between these two behaviors can disrupt the basic functioning of individuals and schools. Drawing on theories of problem behavior from multiple disciplines, this study attempted to determine whether academic failure was a risk factor for adolescent drinking, and vice versa, and then to identify the mechanisms underlying these two longitudinal associations. Cross-lagged models of data from 11,927 middle school and high school students in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health revealed that the number of classes failed in one year predicted alcohol use a year later more than early alcohol use predicted later class failures. Aspects of social bonding (e.g., attachments to adults) and symptoms of general maladjustment (e.g., delinquency) did more than opportunity structures (e.g., peer norms) to explain the connection between these two behaviors over one year of secondary school.

Crosnoe, Robert

2010-01-01

472

Giving Students Extra Support to Meet Standards in Challenging Academic and Career Courses. High Schools That Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful schools at all levels provide extra-help strategies to assist students in meeting high standards in both academic and career/technical courses. Some schools design a flexible schedule and offer virtual learning opportunities to enable at-risk students to complete high school. Middle grades schools can provide an accelerated curriculum…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2010

2010-01-01

473

Implementing school-wide positive behavior support: Exploring the influence of socio-cultural, academic, behavioral, and implementation process variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the influence of academic, behavioral, and sociocultural variables on the implementation of Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS), a system intended to improve discipline in school buildings. The number of schools that are implementing SWPBS has been increasing dramatically over the years as school violence continues to rise and solutions are needed to improve school climate. This study

Rachel Mara Cohen

2006-01-01

474

The Effect of a Zoo-Based Experiential Academic Science Program on High School Students' Math and Science Achievement and Perceptions of School Climate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 11th-grade and 12th-grade zoo-based academic high school experiential science program compared to a same school-district school-based academic high school experiential science program on students' pretest and posttest science, math, and reading achievement, and student perceptions of program relevance, rigor, and relationships. Science coursework delivery site served as the study's independent variable for the two naturally formed groups representing students (n = 18) who completed a zoo-based experiential academic high school science program and students (n = 18) who completed a school-based experiential academic high school science program. Students in the first group, a zoo-based experiential academic high school science program, completed real world, hands-on projects at the zoo while students in the second group, those students who completed a school-based experiential academic high school science program, completed real world, simulated projects in the classroom. These groups comprised the two research arms of the study. Both groups of students were selected from the same school district. The study's two dependent variables were achievement and school climate. Achievement was analyzed using norm-referenced 11th-grade pretest PLAN and 12th-grade posttest ACT test composite scores. Null hypotheses were rejected in the direction of improved test scores for both science program groups---students who completed the zoo-based experiential academic high school science program (p < .001) and students who completed the school-based experiential academic high school science program (p < .001). The posttest-posttest ACT test composite score comparison was not statistically different ( p = .93) indicating program equipoise for students enrolled in both science programs. No overall weighted grade point average score improvement was observed for students in either science group, however, null hypotheses were rejected in the direction of improved science grade point average scores for 11th-grade (p < .01) and 12th-grade (p = .01) students who completed the zoo-based experiential academic high school science program. Null hypotheses were not rejected for between group posttest science grade point average scores and school district criterion reference math and reading test scores. Finally, students who completed the zoo-based experiential academic high school science program had statistically improved pretest-posttest perceptions of program relationship scores (p < .05) and compared to students who completed the school-based experiential academic high school science program had statistically greater posttest perceptions of program relevance (p < .001), perceptions of program rigor (p < .001), and perceptions of program relationships (p < .001).

Mulkerrin, Elizabeth A.

475

A Comparison of Career Technical Education--16 Career Pathway High School Participants with Non-Participants on Academic Achievement, School Engagement, and Development of Technical Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this research was to compare Career Technical Education--16 Career Pathway high school participants with non-participants on academic achievement, development of technical skills and school engagement. Academic achievement was measured by Exit Level Math and English Language Arts Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS)…

Orozco, Edith Aimee

2010-01-01

476

A Comparison of Career Technical Education--16 Career Pathway High School Participants with Non-Participants on Academic Achievement, School Engagement, and Development of Technical Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research was to compare Career Technical Education--16 Career Pathway high school participants with non-participants on academic achievement, development of technical skills and school engagement. Academic achievement was measured by Exit Level Math and English Language Arts Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS)…

Orozco, Edith Aimee

2010-01-01

477

Black middle school students' perceptions of success and their influence on academic performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to investigate the perceptions of success held by Black middle school students in a Miami-Dade County (FL) public school and how these perceptions influence academic performance. The study sought to determine if differences exist among African-American, Haitian-American, and Haitian immigrant subgroups of the Black student population. ^ The study combined qualitative and quantitative methodology

Patricia Altigracia Rennalls

2006-01-01

478

Part-Time Employment in High School and Its Effect on Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part-time employment during high school has grown dramatically. High school students are twice as likely to be working part-time as they were in 1950. Despite the fact that many adolescents work between the ages of 12 and 17, little empirical evidence exists about the impact of part-time employment on academic performance. In the present research, the nationally representative sample of

Kusum Singh

1998-01-01

479

Root Shock Revisited: Perspectives of Early Head Start Mothers on Community and Policy Environments and Their Effects on Child Health, Development, and School Readiness  

PubMed Central

Racial differences in school readiness are a form of health disparity. By examining, from the perspective of low-income minority families participating in an Early Head Start study, community and policy environments as they shape and inform lived experiences, we identified several types of social and economic dislocation that undermine the efforts of parents to ready their children for school. The multiple dislocations of community triggered by housing and welfare reform and “urban renewal” are sources of stress for parents and children and affect the health and development of young children. Our findings suggest that racial differences in school readiness result not from race but from poverty and structural racism in American society.

McAllister, Carol L.; Thomas, Tammy L.; Green, Beth L.

2009-01-01

480

Mentoring urban Black Middle-School Male Students: Implications for Academic Achievement  

PubMed Central

Researchers have called for innovative and culturally responsive intervention programs to enhance male, African American middle school students’ academic achievement. Mentoring has received considerable attention as a novel remedy. Although anecdotal evidence supports the positive role of mentoring on academic achievement, these results are not consistent. The Benjamin E. Mays Institute (BEMI) builds on the ideals of mentoring to counter the effects academic underachievement among adolescent Black males by building a model that is Afro-centric, uses pro-social modeling, and emphasizes cultural strengths and pride, and single-sex instruction in a dual-sex educational environment. Sixty-one middle-school Black males were enrolled (BEMI: n=29; Comparison: n=32) in this study. Results revealed that students in the BEMI program had significantly greater academic attachment scores and academic success than their non-mentored peers. Additionally, racial identity attitudes of immersion/emersion and internalization and identification with academics were also significantly associated with standardized achievement tests and GPA. Policy and practice implications are discussed.

Gordon, Derrick M.; Iwamoto, Derek; Ward, Nadia; Potts, Randolph; Boyd, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

481

A survey and analysis of student academic support programs in medical schools focus: underrepresented minority students.  

PubMed

This article describes an investigation that compiled information regarding academic support for medical students at 120 US medical schools. Specifically, the purpose of the study was to identify programs for underrepresented minority medical students and to review prospective applicant materials for photographic evidence that underrepresented minorities are involved in medical education. Eighty-three responses were returned and analyzed. Academic support services described most frequently were prematriculation, tutoring, and counseling and advising. Forty-one of the 83 schools indicated they offer prematriculation programs, 28 of which were required of under-represented minority freshmen entrants. Fifteen described offerings for undergraduate students and six for both undergraduate and secondary school students. Materials from the University of Iowa, the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, and Stanford University revealed a variety of services and the largest numbers of photographs of under-represented minorities. These institutions are also among the leaders in underrepresented minority enrollment. Effective communication of academic support and minority presence appear to be contributory factors in enhancing diversity in medical education. Further investigation of academic support, evaluation of support services by participants, and dialogue about effective components of quality academic support are logical next steps to achieve the Association of American Medical College's goal of 3000 by 2000. PMID:8046766

Shields, P H

1994-05-01

482

The Early Development Instrument: A Tool for Monitoring Children's Development and Readiness for School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children are born ready to learn, and their neurological system has a vast opportunity during the first stages of life, beginning in utero, to form connections—or lose connections—that children need to develop and grow. Unfortunately, without costly brain scans, one cannot determine to what extent a child's brain has developed. We can, however, measure the progress and outcomes of early

Magdalena Janus

483

Fine motor skills and early comprehension of the world: two new school readiness indicators.  

PubMed

Duncan et al. (2007) presented a new methodology for identifying kindergarten readiness factors and quantifying their importance by determining which of children's developing skills measured around kindergarten entrance would predict later reading and math achievement. This article extends Duncan et al.'s work to identify kindergarten readiness factors with 6 longitudinal data sets. Their results identified kindergarten math and reading readiness and attention as the primary long-term predictors but found no effects from social skills or internalizing and externalizing behavior. We incorporated motor skills measures from 3 of the data sets and found that fine motor skills are an additional strong predictor of later achievement. Using one of the data sets, we also predicted later science scores and incorporated an additional early test of general knowledge of the social and physical world as a predictor. We found that the test of general knowledge was by far the strongest predictor of science and reading and also contributed significantly to predicting later math, making the content of this test another important kindergarten readiness indicator. Together, attention, fine motor skills, and general knowledge are much stronger overall predictors of later math, reading, and science scores than early math and reading scores alone. PMID:20822219

Grissmer, David; Grimm, Kevin J; Aiyer, Sophie M; Murrah, William M; Steele, Joel S

2010-09-01

484

Using School Readiness Data to Make a Difference in Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Kansas Kindergarten Readiness Project was a three-year study to determine the skills children possess when entering kindergarten and the results of kindergarten teacher practices on further learning. Children who entered kindergarten with higher skills maintained that advantage over other children into 3rd grade. Certain teacher practices,…

Stuber, Gayle M.; Patrick, M. Renee

2010-01-01

485

College and Career Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seriousness of the readiness gap--the gap between being fully credentialed and fully prepared--is the reason why the Forum for Youth Investment started the Ready by 21 partnership and the reason why American Association of School Administrators (AASA) joined. Numerous organizations and associations interested in the K-12 system's end…

Pittman, Karen J.

2010-01-01

486

College and Career Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The seriousness of the readiness gap--the gap between being fully credentialed and fully prepared--is the reason why the Forum for Youth Investment started the Ready by 21 partnership and the reason why American Association of School Administrators (AASA) joined. Numerous organizations and associations interested in the K-12 system's end…

Pittman, Karen J.

2010-01-01

487

Schools, Families and Academically Able Students: contrasting modes of involvement in secondary education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years, we have been gathering data on the educational careers of a previously researched group of students who were identified as ‘academically able’ in their early teenage years. The 347 young men and women who have taken part in this later research attended 18 different secondary schools and are now in their mid?twenties. This paper attempts

Sally Power; Geoff Whitty; Tony Edwards; Valerie Wigfall

1998-01-01

488

Media Use and Academic Achievement of Mexican-American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of 93 Mexican American high school seniors revealed no relationship between total use of English-language mass media and academic performance, a negative relationship between grade point average and television use for entertainment, and a positive relationship between grade point average and newspaper use for public affairs information.…

Tan, Alexis S.; Gunter, Dell

1979-01-01

489

Multiple victimization experiences of urban elementary school students: Associations with psychosocial functioning and academic performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThis study explored the victimization experiences of urban elementary school students to determine whether subsets of youth emerged with similar victimization profiles (e.g., no victimization, multiple types of victimization). It also evaluated whether multiple victimization was associated with greater psychological distress and lower academic performance.

Melissa K. Holt; David Finkelhor; Glenda Kaufman Kantor

2007-01-01

490

Studying the Sacred in the Schools: A Handbook for the Academic Study of Religions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook defines, discusses, and provides guidelines for academic and pedagogical concerns of the study of religions in public secondary schools. Although it was designed particularly for use by Michigan educators, especially secondary pre-service and in-service religion teachers, the book can be adapted readily to other locales and levels.…

Hoeks, Henry J.

491

Motivation and Academic Help-Seeking in High School Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of this study was to determine the degree to which academic motivation predicted the executive help-seeking, instrumental help-seeking, perceived benefits of help-seeking, and avoidance of help-seeking of high school students enrolled in computer science (n = 314). Task goals were positively associated with instrumental…

Cheong, Yuk Fai; Pajares, Frank; Oberman, Paul S.

2004-01-01

492

A Randomized Trial of Motivational Interviewing to Improve Middle School Students' Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Motivational interviewing (MI) is an effective method of promoting change in adults, but research on adolescents is limited. This study tests the efficacy of MI for promoting academic achievement in middle school students. Participants were 103 6th-, 7th-, and 8th-grade students randomly assigned to either a MI (n = 50) or a waitlist control…

Strait, Gerald Gill; Smith, Bradley H.; McQuillin, Sam; Terry, John; Swan, Suzanne; Malone, Patrick S.

2012-01-01

493

Simply Academic? Why Children with Special Educational Needs Don't Like School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International studies have raised concerns about the academic and social implications of inclusive policies on school engagement and successful learning and, in particular, on the ways in which friendships are formed between students with SEN and other students. This article stems from research findings which show that Irish children with special…

McCoy, Selina; Banks, Joanne

2012-01-01

494

Peer Victimization and Effortful Control: Relations to School Engagement and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relations among peer victimization, effortful control, school engagement, and academic achievement were examined in a group of 390 (212 boys and 178 girls) racially diverse (38.20% Latino and 46.70% White) 6- to 10-year-old children. Specifically, a multimethod, multi-informant approach was used in which data were gathered using self-report,…

Iyer, Roopa V.; Kochenderfer-Ladd, Becky; Eisenberg, Nancy; Thompson, Marilyn

2010-01-01

495

Academic Potential Among African American Adolescents in Juvenile Detention Centers: Implications for Reentry to School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study explores Black adolescent detainees' academic potential and motivation to return to school, to inform best practices and policies for juvenile reentry to educational settings. Adolescent detainees (N = 1,576) who were recruited from 1 male and 1 female youth detention facility, responded to surveys that assessed postdetention educational plans, as well as social and emotional characteristics, and criminal history. Multivariate

Ivory A. Toldson; Kamilah M. Woodson; Ronald Braithwaite; Rhonda C. Holliday; Mario De La Rosa

2010-01-01

496

Factors positively influencing academically successful, highly motivated African-American high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is two-fold: (1) to investigate the common factors positively influencing academically successful, highly motivated African-American high school students in their educational pursuits; and (2) to determine ways in which educators can facilitate an increased positive impact on minority students' achievement motivation and transition to higher education. ^ Three sources of data inform the qualitative study.

Linda Caldwell Grant

2001-01-01

497

Elementary to High School Students' Growth over an Academic Year in Understanding Concepts of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports findings on the changes in students' understandings of the concept of matter during an academic year, for students from grade 3 through high school chemistry. The instrument for measuring students' understandings of matter consists of three forms: one for grades 3-6, one for grades 7-9, and one for grades 10-12. The three forms…

Liu, Xiufeng

2007-01-01

498

Differences in Adolescent School Attitudes as a Function of Academic Level, Ethnicity, and Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study administered to 1,140 eighth graders examined relationships between dimensions of adolscents' attitudes toward school and their academic level, ethnicity, and gender. Results indicated regular class students held more favorable attitudes toward reading and social studies than did the educationally marginal or those with learning…

MacMillan, Donald L.; And Others

1992-01-01

499

"Ignored Burden": Perceptions of Racism in School Contexts and Academic Engagement among African-American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African-American students in K-12 education experience pervasive disparities in academic outcomes across all areas of the schooling experience. Though racial disparities in education have been widely acknowledged, research must move beyond critiques of individual and student factors to analyze the educational structures and practices that create…

Scott, Allison Lindsay

2009-01-01

500

The Academic Trajectories of Children of Immigrants and Their School Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from approximately 14,000 children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey--Kindergarten Cohort were analyzed to examine the associations between children's immigrant status and their academic trajectories from kindergarten to 3rd grade, with particular attention to the effects of school environments. Growth curve modeling results…

Han, Wen-Jui

2008-01-01