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1

School Readiness and Later Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using 6 longitudinal data sets, the authors estimate links between three key elements of school readiness—school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills—and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their regression models control for cognitive, attention, and socioemotional skills measured prior to school entry, as

Greg J. Duncan; Chantelle J. Dowsett; Amy Claessens; Katherine Magnuson; Aletha C. Huston; Pamela Klebanov; Linda S. Pagani; Leon Feinstein; Mimi Engel; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn; Holly Sexton; Kathryn Duckworth; Crista Japel

2007-01-01

2

Measuring Academic Language Proficiency in School-Age English Language Proficiency Assessments under New College and Career Readiness Standards in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current focus across the U.S. on student college and career readiness standards makes clear that both instruction and assessment of academic English will continue to be important for school-age English learner (EL) students. This article presents an overview and summary of key literature on academic language (usually academic English);…

Frantz, Roger S.; Bailey, Alison L.; Starr, Laura; Perea, Luis

2014-01-01

3

Cognitive Flexibility, Approaches to Learning, and Academic School Readiness in Head Start Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to examine whether approaches to learning significantly mediated relations between cognitive flexibility (a component of executive functions) and school readiness in Head Start preschoolers. A total of 191 children from 22 Head Start classrooms were directly assessed on cognitive flexibility and…

Vitiello, Virginia E.; Greenfield, Daryl B.; Munis, Pelin; George, J'Lene

2011-01-01

4

Promoting Academic and Social-Emotional School Readiness: The Head Start REDI Program  

PubMed Central

Forty-four Head Start classrooms were randomly assigned to enriched intervention (Head Start REDI- Research-based, Developmentally Informed) or “usual practice” conditions. The intervention involved brief lessons, “hands on” extension activities, and specific teaching strategies linked empirically with the promotion of: 1) social-emotional competencies, and 2) language development and emergent literacy skills. Take-home materials were provided to parents to enhance skill development at home. Multi-method assessments of 356 4-year-old children tracked their progress over the course of the one-year program. Results revealed significant differences favoring children in the enriched intervention classrooms on measures of vocabulary, emergent literacy, emotional understanding, social problem-solving, social behavior, and learning engagement. Implications are discussed for developmental models of school readiness and for early educational programs and policies. PMID:19037951

Bierman, Karen L.; Domitrovich, Celene E.; Nix, Robert L.; Gest, Scott D.; Welsh, Janet A.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Blair, Clancy; Nelson, Keith E.; Gill, Sukhdeep

2013-01-01

5

School Readiness Indicator Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides a compilation of indicators of school readiness used in national, state, and local surveys in the United States, delineating the advantages and disadvantages for each indicator. The report begins with a legend to assist in interpreting the tables and includes contact information for national and state surveys. The remainder of…

Calkins, Julia; Ling, Thomson; Moore, Eric; Halle, Tamara; Hair, Beth; Moore, Kris; Zaslow, Marty

6

Promoting School Readiness in Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of the research, conducted on Oklahoma's universal Pre-kindergarten (Pre-k) program, on children of Tulsa Public Schools (TPS), the largest school district in the state to increase the school readiness are presented.

Gormley, William T., Jr.; Gayer, Ted

2005-01-01

7

Urban-Schooled Latina/os, Academic Literacies, and Identities: (Re)Conceptualizing College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study focuses on the early college experiences of five Latina/o urban-schooled students who graduated in the top 10% of their high school class, guaranteeing them admission into a prestigious four year state university. Although all participated in transition initiatives, and initially felt equipped to participate in…

Hungerford-Kresser, Holly; Amaro-Jimenez, Carla

2012-01-01

8

Getting Ready: The 2010-2011 Maryland School Readiness Report. Children Entering School Ready to Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was developed in partnership with Ready At Five. It lays out the critical importance of children starting school fully prepared to succeed in kindergarten. Most importantly, the report shares what everyone has learned from the 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness (MMSR) data about the school readiness of Maryland's children:…

Maryland State Department of Education, 2011

2011-01-01

9

Academic Socialization and the Transition to Elementary School: Parents' Conceptions of School Readiness, Practices, and Children's Academic Achievement Trajectories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By the time children enter kindergarten, significant socioeconomic and racial gaps in academic achievement exist (Coley, 2002; Rouse, Brooks-Gunn, & Mclanahan, 2005). Kindergarten is considered to be a pivotal point of educational transition, as academic achievement upon kindergarten entry is associated with subsequent academic success…

Puccioni, Jaime Lynn

2012-01-01

10

Culture, Health, and School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter will examine the intersections of culture\\u000a \\u000a , health\\u000a \\u000a , and school readiness\\u000a \\u000a from an international\\u000a \\u000a perspective. The interplay of these three constructs will be explored to study their individual and combined impact on developing\\u000a children across the globe. A review of empirical research will identify culturally sensitive practices that effectively promote\\u000a the health\\u000a \\u000a and school readiness\\u000a \\u000a of all

Suzanne M. Winter

11

The Social Construction of School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mainstream discourse on child development and education, 'school readiness' has been conceptualized as the skills and knowledge that children need when they enter school in order to learn effectively in the school environment. However, school readiness is an idea which is entwined with our beliefs about child development and child needs (E.…

Shallwani, Sadaf

2009-01-01

12

Exploring Patterns of Latino/a Children's School Readiness at Kindergarten Entry and Their Relations with Grade 2 Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study contributed to the school readiness literature by taking an intrachild perspective that examined the relations between Latino/a children's school readiness profiles and later academic achievement. Teachers rated the school readiness of 781 Latino/a kindergartners during the first month of school using the Kindergarten Student Entrance…

Quirk, Matthew; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Furlong, Michael

2013-01-01

13

Children Entering School Ready to Learn: 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report shares what everyone has learned from the 2010-2011 Maryland Model for School Readiness (MMSR) data about the school readiness of Maryland's children: statewide, by subgroups, and for each of Maryland's 24 local jurisdictions. Some of the highlights are: (1) The percentage of Maryland kindergarteners fully ready to start school

Maryland State Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

14

How Much Growth toward College Readiness Is Reasonable to Expect in High School? Issues In College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important question in preparing all students for college and career by the time they graduate from high school is that of determining how much growth in academic achievement typically occurs during high school and whether such growth can be accelerated so that more students are ready for college and career when they graduate from high school.…

ACT, Inc., 2009

2009-01-01

15

Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools: A View from Pennsylvania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania is one of a handful of states that are leading the way in ensuring children receive a continuum of care starting at birth and extending throughout childhood so that they can move seamlessly from home to child care to preschool to school, and then from grade to grade. That means children have to be ready for school. It also means that…

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2008

2008-01-01

16

California Program Focuses on School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State University, Long Beach, in collaboration with Long Beach Unified School District's Head Start and Child Development Centers, and the community childcare agency Young Horizons implemented an intervention and evaluation program to improve children's school readiness. The focus of Readiness and Early Activities for Children from the…

Stanley, M. Sue

2004-01-01

17

Predictors of School Readiness in Literacy and Mathematics: A Selective Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a selective review of the literature related to predictors of school readiness in literacy and mathematics. School readiness was defined as what children are expected to know and do in a variety of academic domains and processes of learning prior to entering a formal classroom setting. Seven themes emerged, based…

Linder, Sandra M.; Ramey, M. Deanna; Zambak, Serbay

2013-01-01

18

The Influence of Dual Enrollment on Academic Performance and College Readiness: Differences by Socioeconomic Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I examine the influence of dual enrollment, a program that allows students to take college courses and earn college credits while in high school, on academic performance and college readiness. Advocates consider dual enrollment as a way to transition high school students into college, and they further claim that these programs benefit students…

An, Brian P.

2013-01-01

19

"You Can Go to College": Foster High School. College Readiness Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foster High School, located in Richmond, Texas, is a school with a substantial enrollment of minority students (29 percent Hispanic students, 15 percent African American students) that has made noteworthy strides in improving the academic achievement and the college and career readiness of its students. Moreover, the gaps in academic achievement…

ACT, Inc., 2010

2010-01-01

20

School-Readiness Profiles of Children with Language Impairment: Linkages to Home and Classroom Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study represents an effort to advance our understanding of the nature of school readiness among children with language impairment (LI), a population of children acknowledged to be at risk of poor academic achievement. The academic, social-emotional, and behavioural competencies with which children arrive at kindergarten affect the…

Pentimonti, Jill M.; Justice, Laura M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.

2014-01-01

21

Health Disparities and Gaps in School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author documents pervasive racial disparities in the health of American children and analyzes how and how much those disparities contribute to racial gaps in school readiness. She explores a broad sample of health problems common to U.S. children, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, asthma, and lead poisoning, as well as maternal…

Currie, Janet

2005-01-01

22

Early Childhood Housing Instability and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the consequences of housing instability during the first 5 years of a child's life for a host of school readiness outcomes. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (n = 2,810), this study examines the relation between multiple moves and children's language and literacy and behavior problems at…

Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.; McKenna, Claire C.

2014-01-01

23

School Readiness for Gifted Children: Considering the Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses issues relevant to gifted children's readiness for school. It raises a number of questions that challenge thinking about what is meant by school readiness. Gifted children can often be ready for school entrance before the age traditionally considered appropriate. Their complex developmental profiles challenge accepted notions…

Porath, Marion

2011-01-01

24

Emergency! Are Your Schools Ready?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the experience of the Los Angeles Unified School District (California), this article presents areas for school districts to scrutinize when planning for emergencies. These include written plans, duplicate home telephone listings, communications plans, staff identification cards, utility shutoff information, and food and shelter…

Altenberg, Randy

1989-01-01

25

E-Learning Readiness in the Academic Sector of Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As e-learning in the academic sector serves as a crucial driving force in the development of e-learning in Thailand, this article looks at e-learning readiness in Thailand with a focus on the academic sector. The article is divided into four parts: (1) a brief history of e-learning in Thailand; (2) the infrastructure related to e-learning…

Laohajaratsang, Thanomporn

2009-01-01

26

Coparenting and children's school readiness: a mediational model.  

PubMed

We examined the long-term direct and indirect links between coparenting (conflict, communication, and shared decision-making) and preschoolers' school readiness (math, literacy, and social skills). The study sample consisted of 5,650 children and their biological mothers and fathers who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort. Using structural equation modeling and controlling for background characteristics, we found that our conceptual model of the pathways from coparenting to child outcomes is structurally the same for cohabiting and married families. Controlling for a host of background characteristics, we found that coparenting conflict and shared decision-making were negatively and positively, respectively, linked to children's academic and social skills and co-parental communication was indirectly linked to academic and social skills through maternal supportiveness. Coparenting conflict was also indirectly linked to children's social skills through maternal depressive symptoms. The overall findings suggest that for both cohabiting and married families, the context of conflicted coparenting may interfere with the development of children's social competencies and academic skills, whereas collaborative coparenting promotes children's school readiness because mothers are more responsive to their children's needs. These findings have implications for programs aimed at promoting positive family processes in cohabiting and married families. PMID:22984971

Cabrera, Natasha J; Scott, Mindy; Fagan, Jay; Steward-Streng, Nicole; Chien, Nicole

2012-09-01

27

A Partnership for School Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To better prepare students for kindergarten, the Lafayette County School District in Oxford, Mississippi, provided cost-effective professional development seminars to local day-care workers. Three-day seminars several times a summer for 3 years were offered to all day-care workers and preschool teachers in the county including Head Start staff,…

Freeman, Gregory D.; King, Janet L.

2003-01-01

28

Addressing School Readiness: Expanding School Psychology in Early Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the school psychologist's work in early education has been restricted primarily to providing services to young children with special education needs. A more contemporary model calls for an expanded role with a focus on school readiness and the provision of services to all young children and their families in a prevention-oriented…

Hojnoski, Robin L.; Missall, Kristen N.

2006-01-01

29

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Five Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, is a federally-funded system of grants that focuses on preparing low-income students to enter and succeed in postsecondary educational programs. GEAR UP grants extend across 6 school years and require that funded districts begin providing grant services to students no…

Maloney, Catherine; Lopez, Omar

2012-01-01

30

Florida School Readiness Performance Standards for Three-, Four-, and Five-Year-Old Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Florida Partnership for School Readiness, created as a result of the Florida School Readiness Act in 1999, is charged with adopting a system for measuring school readiness and developing school readiness performance standards and outcome measures. This guide presents school readiness performance standards for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds and is the…

2002

31

Reactive Attachment Disorder: Implications for School Readiness and School Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School readiness and functioning in children diagnosed with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) are important issues due to the dramatic impact RAD has on multiple areas of development. The negative impact of impaired or disrupted early relationships, characterized by extreme neglect, abuse, parental mental illness, domestic violence, and repeated…

Schwartz, Eric; Davis, Andrew S.

2006-01-01

32

Head Start Participation and School Readiness: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n ˜ 6,950), a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001, we examined school readiness (academic skills and socioemotional well-being) at kindergarten entry for children who attended Head Start compared with those who experienced other types of child care…

Lee, RaeHyuck; Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane

2014-01-01

33

Evaluating School Readiness to Implement Positive Behavior Supports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One state's efforts to assess school readiness to implement a comprehensive mental health innovation are described. To determine the likelihood of achieving success with positive behavioral supports (PBS), a process to identify school buildings ready for planned organizational change was designed and implemented within a large-scale system of care…

Robbins, Vestena; Collins, Kari; Liaupsin, Carl; Illback, Robert J.; Call, James

2004-01-01

34

High School Algebra Readiness Program: A Quasi-Experimental Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quasi-experimental study measured the effectiveness of a locally created summer Algebra readiness program in a large suburban high school district in New Jersey. Incoming ninth grade students who were not ready for high school algebra were invited to participate in the summer program. The program was designed to provide access to more…

Birnbohm, Carol L.

2010-01-01

35

Building Community Support for School Readiness: A Prop. 10 Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of a publication informing health policy and health care services in California in support of Proposition 10, the Children and Families Act, focuses on building community support for preparing children to enter school ready to learn through the use of Proposition 10 Commissions. These Commissions would help ensure that school readiness

Singer, Nicole O.

2002-01-01

36

Inattention and Impulsivity: Differential Impact on School Readiness Capacities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the conceptual link between self-regulation skills and school readiness capacities, questions remain regarding how distinct but related facets of self-regulation (i.e., attention regulation, behavior regulation) differentially impact the development of school readiness capacities during early childhood. Additionally, little is known about…

Sasser, Tyler; Bierman, Karen

2011-01-01

37

The development of a web based ecological assessment of school readiness (WEBEASR)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diverse backgrounds affect the degree of school readiness amongst children entering elementary schools in Malaysia. This paper reports the development and findings of a Web Based Ecological Assessment Model used to measure School Readiness. The WEBEASR is based upon five components namely (a) Child Readiness(b)School Readiness (c)Parent Readiness (d) Community Readiness and (e) Global Readiness. Items for the components were

Rohaty Mohd Majzub

2009-01-01

38

Preliminary Development of a Kindergarten School Readiness Assessment for Latino Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The low achievement of students from non–English-speaking households living in low socioeconomic contexts is associated with academic skill gaps evident at kindergarten entry. Yet, few cost-effective, valid instruments are available to assess these students’ school readiness. To examine this topic, this longitudinal study followed 1,069 primarily Latino students (536 males, 553 females) in a midsized school district. Teachers used the

Matthew Quirk; Michael Furlong; Elena Lilles; Erika Felix; Jenna Chin

2011-01-01

39

Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools through P-20 Councils: A View from Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an overview and summary of the Arizona Governor's Forum: Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools. The forum, supported by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the Education Commission of the States, was held on May 30, 2008 in Phoenix, Arizona. Six dozen educators, education experts and advocates gathered during the one-day forum to map out…

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2008

2008-01-01

40

Kindergarten School Readiness and Fourth-Grade Literacy and Numeracy Outcomes of Children with Special Needs: A Population-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In British Columbia, Canada, two population-based databases have been linked at the level of the individual child: the "Early Development Instrument", a Kindergarten school readiness measure; and the "Foundation Skills Assessment", a Grade Four academic assessment. Utilising these linked data, we explored the early school readiness, literacy, and…

Lloyd, Jennifer E. V.; Irwin, Lori G.; Hertzman, Clyde

2009-01-01

41

Immediate Effects of a School Readiness Intervention for Children in Foster Care  

PubMed Central

Research findings School readiness is a strong predictor of adjustment in elementary school and beyond. Children in foster care are at particular risk for academic and social difficulties in school. Limitations in self-regulatory skills and caregiver involvement among these children might contribute to a lack of school readiness. This study presents the immediate effects on school readiness of a targeted, short-term intervention designed to improve children’s early literacy, prosocial, and self-regulatory skills during the summer before kindergarten entry: Kids in Transition to School (KITS). Using a randomized controlled trial design, 192 children in foster care were assigned to either an intervention or services as usual comparison condition. Multimethod, multiagent assessments were conducted immediately prior to and following the completion of the intervention. The results from structural equation modeling indicated that the intervention had significant, positive effects on early literacy and self-regulatory skills. Practice An efficacious, short-term, readily scalable, theoretically-based intervention targeted at specific vulnerabilities for children in foster care may help to improve their school readiness and eventual school adjustment. PMID:24015056

Pears, Katherine C.; Fisher, Philip A.; Kim, Hyoun K.; Bruce, Jacqueline; Healey, Cynthia V.; Yoerger, Karen

2013-01-01

42

University Graduate School Academic Bulletin  

E-print Network

41 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin American Studies University Graduate), Michael Martin (African American and African Diaspora Studies), Portia Maultsby* (Folklore and Ethnomusicology), John McCluskey Jr.* (Emeritus, African American and African Diaspora Studies), Michael Mc

Indiana University

43

Strengthening Social and Emotional Competence in Young Children—The Foundation for Early School Readiness and Success Incredible Years Classroom Social Skills and Problem-Solving Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability of young children to manage their emotions and behaviors and to make meaningful friendships is an important prerequisite for school readiness and academic success. Socially com- petent children are also more academically successful and poor social skills are a strong predictor of academic failure. This article describes The Incredible Years Dinosaur Social Skills and Problem- Solving Child Training

Carolyn Webster-Stratton; M. Jamila Reid

44

School readiness and self-regulation: a developmental psychobiological approach.  

PubMed

Research on the development of self-regulation in young children provides a unifying framework for the study of school readiness. Self-regulation abilities allow for engagement in learning activities and provide the foundation for adjustment to school. A focus on readiness as self-regulation does not supplant interest in the development of acquired ability, such as early knowledge of letters and numbers; it sets the stage for it. In this article, we review research and theory indicating that self-regulation and consequently school readiness are the product of integrated developmental processes at the biological and behavioral levels that are shaped by the contexts in which development is occurring. In doing so, we illustrate the idea that research on self-regulation powerfully highlights ways in which gaps in school readiness and later achievement are linked to poverty and social and economic inequality and points the way to effective approaches to counteract these conditions. PMID:25148852

Blair, Clancy; Raver, C Cybele

2015-01-01

45

Preventing Conduct Problems and Improving School Readiness: Evaluation of the Incredible Years Teacher and Child Training Programs in High-Risk Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: School readiness, conceptualized as three components including emotional self-regulation, social competence, and family/school involvement, as well as absence of conduct problems play a key role in young children's future interpersonal adjustment and academic success. Unfortunately, exposure to multiple poverty-related risks increases…

Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Stoolmiller, Mike

2008-01-01

46

Cultural Socialization and School Readiness of African American and Latino Preschoolers.  

PubMed

Cultural socialization practices are common among ethnic minority parents and important for ethnic minority child development. However, little research has examined these practices among parents of very young children. In this study, we report on cultural socialization practices among a sample of parents of low income, African American (n = 179) and Latino (n = 220) preschool-age children in relation to children's school readiness. Cultural socialization was assessed when children were 2.5 years old, and child outcomes assessed 1 year later included pre-academic skills, receptive language, and child behavior. Children who experienced more frequent cultural socialization displayed greater pre-academic skills, better receptive language, and fewer behavior problems. This association did not differ by child gender or ethnicity. The implications of these findings for the development of parent interventions to support school readiness are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25364832

Caughy, Margaret O'Brien; Owen, Margaret Tresch

2014-11-01

47

Second Dentition as a Supplementary Index of School Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The efficacy of second dentition, the number of erupted teeth, as an index in assessing school readiness was examined. A series of cognitive, achievement, and social-emotional instruments were administered to a group of 41 first- and 43 second-grade children. The tests used in this study were: Devereux Elementary School Behavior Rating Scale,…

Silvestro, John R.

48

Tools of the Mind: Promoting the School Readiness of ELLs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to examine the efficacy of "Tools of the Mind". Specifically, the aims of the research are to: (1) Evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of Tools of the Mind, designed to promote school readiness for Latino preschoolers who are English Language Learners and at risk for later school difficulties; (2) Examine the…

Hammer, Carol Scheffner; Blair, Clancy; Lopez, Lisa; Leong, Deb; Bedrova, Elena

2012-01-01

49

Cost Savings Analysis of School Readiness in Michigan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational and economic research shows that investing in school preparedness for low- income children prevents needless public spending and produces payoffs in K-12, government programs, and the private sector. Conversely, not investing in or cutting programs that produce school readiness results in increased spending and lost benefits for: (1)…

Chase, Richard; Anton, Paul; Diaz, Jose; MartinRogers, Nicole; Rausch, Ela

2009-01-01

50

Creating College Readiness: Profiles of 38 Schools That Know How  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June 2007, the Educational Policy Improvement Center (EPIC) was awarded a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to develop the College Ready School Diagnostic, a web-based diagnostic instrument. The purpose of this tool is to provide individual school profiles and customized recommendations, enabling each institution to make…

Conley, D. T.

2009-01-01

51

Revisiting School Readiness: Washington County, Oregon, Summer 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose and Methods: This report is the second benchmark study to assess the system of supports for school readiness. The data for this study was collected in the fall of 2006 on 537 entering kindergarten children and their families in eight representative schools across the County. The ecological model and methods from the first study, which was…

Severeide, Rebecca

2007-01-01

52

Accountable care organization readiness and academic medical centers.  

PubMed

As academic medical centers (AMCs) consider becoming accountable care organizations (ACOs) under Medicare, they must assess their readiness for this transition. Of the 253 Medicare ACOs prior to 2014, 51 (20%) are AMCs. Three critical components of ACO readiness are institutional and ACO structure, leadership, and governance; robust information technology and analytic systems; and care coordination and management to improve care delivery and health at the population level. All of these must be viewed through the lens of unique AMC mission-driven goals.There is clear benefit to developing and maintaining a centralized internal leadership when it comes to driving change within an ACO, yet there is also the need for broad stakeholder involvement. Other important structural features are an extensive primary care foundation; concomitant operation of a managed care plan or risk-bearing entity; or maintaining a close relationship with post-acute-care or skilled nursing facilities, which provide valuable expertise in coordinating care across the continuum. ACOs also require comprehensive and integrated data and analytic systems that provide meaningful population data to inform care teams in real time, promote quality improvement, and monitor spending trends. AMCs will require proven care coordination and management strategies within a population health framework and deployment of an innovative workforce.AMC core functions of providing high-quality subspecialty and primary care, generating new knowledge, and training future health care leaders can be well aligned with a transition to an ACO model. Further study of results from Medicare-related ACO programs and commercial ACOs will help define best practices. PMID:24979282

Berkowitz, Scott A; Pahira, Jennifer J

2014-09-01

53

Preparing High School Students for College: An Exploratory Study of College Readiness Partnership Programs in Texas. NCPR Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationwide, about 40 percent of college students take at least one remedial course to prepare for college-level coursework. One cause of this high rate of remedial enrollment is the misalignment of high school graduation standards and college academic expectations. College readiness partnership programs attempt to address this problem by…

Barnett, Elisabeth A.; Corrin, William; Nakanishi, Aki; Bork, Rachel Hare; Mitchell, Claire; Sepanik, Susan

2012-01-01

54

University Graduate School Academic Bulletin  

E-print Network

.) C503 The Ancient City (4 cr.) #12;49 C610 Seminar in the Greek and Roman Novels (4 cr.) C623 Seminar48 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Ancient Studies University Graduate@indiana.edu College of Arts and Sciences Bloomington Director Associate Professor Edward Watts* (History) Departmental

Indiana University

55

University Graduate School Academic Bulletin  

E-print Network

studies. Categories of difference that articulate with gender--such as race, ethnicity, class245 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Gender Studies University Graduate@indiana.edu College of Arts and Sciences Bloomington Chairperson Karma Lochrie* Departmental E-mail gender

Indiana University

56

University Graduate School Academic Bulletin  

E-print Network

50 University Graduate School 2009-2010 Academic Bulletin Animal Behavior University Graduate and Philosophy of Science). They must also apply to the program in Animal Behavior. Students should select of the program in Animal Behavior. Ph.D. Minor in Animal Behavior Course Requirements At least FOUR courses taken

Indiana University

57

Social-Emotional School Readiness: How Do We Ensure Children Are Ready to Learn?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins with a review of research providing evidence that social-emotional competence is a key component of school readiness and that the foundations for social-emotional competence are laid down in the earliest years. We go on to review effective practices and specific interventions that have been found to strengthen children's…

Gray, Sarah A. O.; Herberle, Amy E.; Carter, Alice S.

2012-01-01

58

School Readiness among Low-Income, Latino Children Attending Family Childcare versus Centre-Based Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latino children often struggle in school. Early childhood education programmes are seen as critical for fostering children's school readiness. Latino families often choose family childcare (FCC) over centre-based childcare (CBC), yet little is known about the school readiness of Latino children attending FCC. We compared school readiness over the…

Ansari, Arya; Winsler, Adam

2012-01-01

59

Low Birth Weight and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States black women have for decades been twice as likely as white women to give birth to babies of low birth weight who are at elevated risk for developmental disabilities. Does the black-white disparity in low birth weight contribute to the racial disparity in readiness? The author summarizes the cognitive and behavioral problems…

Reichman, Nancy E.

2005-01-01

60

Community Readiness for Self-Managed School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of Self-managing schools involving local community members, teachers and parents with the formation of School Management Committee is gaining ground in Nepal after the world conference on education for all (WCEFA) held in Jomtien, Thailand in the year 1990. Transferring the management of public schools in the hand of willing community…

Rajbhandari, Mani Man Singh

2007-01-01

61

Parenting, Race, and Socioeconomic Status: Links to School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the link between socioeconomic status (SES) and school readiness, testing whether parenting (maternal sensitivity and negative behavior/intrusiveness) and financial stress mediated this association and if race moderated these paths. Participants included 164 mother-child dyads from African American and European American…

Dotterer, Aryn M.; Iruka, Iheoma U.; Pungello, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

62

Home Environments and Young Latino Children's School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examined the relations among characteristics of children's home environments and two school readiness skills: their oral language and social functioning. Low SES Latino mothers of 122 (65 girls; 57 boys) preschoolers (39-49 months (M=45.00; S.D.=5.40) completed questionnaires about their family demography, their home…

Farver, Jo Ann M.; Xu, Yiyuan; Eppe, Stefanie; Lonigan, Christopher J.

2006-01-01

63

Perceptions of Teachers' and Parents' regarding School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to investigate the teachers and parents' perceptions of school readiness, 218 parents and 370 teachers were surveyed. Based on the areas of "physical well-being and motor development", "social and emotional development", "approaches to learning", "language use", "cognition and general knowledge" and "family", the study attempts to examine…

Zhang, Xiangkui; Sun, Lei; Gai, Xiaosong

2008-01-01

64

Early Care and Prekindergarten Care as Influences on School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child care is increasingly viewed as an opportunity to enhance children's development and school readiness, with prekindergarten programs and early intervention programs targeting children at different moments of development. Results of existing research are mixed, and although many children experience different child care arrangements at…

Fram, Maryah Stella; Kim, Jinseok; Sinha, Sunny

2012-01-01

65

Aurora City Schools Kindergarten Math Readiness Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program goals and objectives for Kindergarten mathematics readiness in Aurora City Schools are listed and described. Consideration of Kindergarten Philosophy, the diverse population of students, the organizational design of adopted textbooks, child development and learning styles, are all assessed in establishing scope and sequence. The…

Aurora City Schools, OH.

66

See, Hear, Speak: Are Kids' Senses Ready for School?  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Capsules Household Mold Linked to Asthma in Children Video Looks at the Science of Yoga Featured Website: 52 Weeks for Women’s Health Past Issues Most Viewed September 2012 ... Senses Ready for School? When setting off for kindergarten or first grade, a child may feel prepared with a backpack loaded with ...

67

Tornado Emergency Readiness Planning for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A place of safe refuge in the event of violent natural forces or a tornado should be included in the design of all new school buildings. Existing a school buildings should be analyzed by the architect, contractor, or engineer to determine if a safe place exists or if one can be readily adapted. Most criteria for fallout shelters are the same for…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison.

68

The Early Developmental Competencies and School Readiness of Low-Income, Immigrant Children: Influences of Generation, Race/Ethnicity, and National Origins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though much valuable research has been conducted on the academic achievement of school-age immigrant youth, less is known about the early developmental competencies of immigrant children during the preschool years. This study describes the school readiness of 2194 low-income children receiving subsidies to attend child care with emphasis on how…

De Feyter, Jessica Johnson; Winsler, Adam

2009-01-01

69

Preventing conduct problems and improving school readiness: evaluation of the Incredible Years Teacher and Child Training Programs in high-risk schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: School readiness, conceptualized as three components including emotional self-regula- tion, social competence, and family\\/school involvement, as well as absence of conduct problems play a key role in young children's future interpersonal adjustment and academic success. Unfortunately, exposure to multiple poverty-related risks increases the odds that children will demonstrate increased emotional dysregulation, fewer social skills, less teacher\\/parent involvement and more

Carolyn Webster-Stratton; M. Jamila Reid; Mike Stoolmiller

2008-01-01

70

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY ACADEMIC PLANNING COUNCIL  

E-print Network

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY ACADEMIC PLANNING COUNCIL 2013-2014 Council Members Paul Hutson (chair) Betty will be posted, as appropriate, on the SOP Committee webpage (http://pharmacy.wisc.edu/about-school/office- dean

Sheridan, Jennifer

71

Defining School Readiness in Maryland: A Multi-Dimensional Perspective. Publication #2012-44  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased emphasis has been placed on children's ability to enter kindergarten ready to learn, a concept referred to as "school readiness." School readiness has been defined by the Maryland State Department of Education as "the stage of human development that enables a child to engage in, and benefit from, primary learning experiences." Components…

Forry, Nicole; Wessel, Julia

2012-01-01

72

Academic general practice in Australian medical schools.  

PubMed

This paper reports on a survey of the current state of academic general practice in the ten Australian medical schools. Despite its lack of resources, low profile and ambivalent acceptance in Australian medical schools, academic general practice has survived. Its problems and potential contribution for producing better doctors are outlined and discussed. PMID:2000052

Kamien, M; MacAdam, D B

1991-03-18

73

Academic Internship Programs School of Communication  

E-print Network

Academic Internship Programs School of Communication Zero credit and .25 credit option: So receive 1-4 credits. http://www.communication.northwestern.edu/epics/internships/academic_credit.php School of Communication Internship Program (Available in NYC, LA & Chicago/Evanston) http://www.communication.northwestern.edu/learn/internships

Shull, Kenneth R.

74

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Four Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities…

Rainey, Katharine; Maloney, Catherine; Sheehan, Daniel; Lopez, Omar

2011-01-01

75

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Two Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities…

Maloney, Catherine; Sheehan, Daniel; Rainey, Katie; Whipple, Allyson

2008-01-01

76

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Three Evaluation Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the Year 3 evaluation of Texas' state-level Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, grant. GEAR UP grant requirements include an evaluation component designed to assess program effectiveness and to measure progress toward project goals. To this end, the evaluation considers…

Rainey, Katharine; Sheehan, Daniel; Maloney, Catherine

2010-01-01

77

School Readiness: What Does It Mean for Indigenous Children, Families, Schools and Communities? Issues Paper No. 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the state and local level, many school systems, districts and early childhood networks have developed approaches and programs to support children's transition to school. These programs often address school readiness. There are many definitions of school readiness. Some refer to the skills and attributes of individual children, defining it as…

Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob; Kearney, Emma

2010-01-01

78

Does Executive Function Mediate SES and Home Quality Associations with Academic Readiness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which executive function (EF) mediated associations of socioeconomic status (SES) and home-environment quality with academic readiness (math, letter and word identification, and knowledge of story-and-print concepts). Forty-nine 54-66-month old children and their mothers participated in a home observation and…

Dilworth-Bart, Janean E.

2012-01-01

79

Toddler Working Memory Skills Predict Kindergarten School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Converging findings in psychology, neuroscience, education, and economics suggests that child persistence in learning represents an important determinant of academic success during the school years. Nevertheless, the developmental origins of productive learning behaviors are not well understood. Some findings suggest that executive function skills…

Fitzpatrick, Caroline; Pagani, Linda S.

2012-01-01

80

Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. The Social Genome Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Poor children in the United States start school at a disadvantage in terms of their early skills, behaviors, and health. Fewer than half (48 percent) of poor children are ready for school at age five, compared to 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high income, a 27 percentage point gap. This paper examines the reasons why poor…

Isaacs, Julia B.

2012-01-01

81

School Desegregation, Academic Attainment, and Earnings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High School and Beyond longitudinal survey data were used to investigate the impact of school racial composition and quality on achievement, educational attainment, and earnings for blacks. Results support the idea that school quality improvement is likely to be much more effective than desegregation as a means of improving academic and labor…

Rivkin, Steven G.

2000-01-01

82

The Relations of Early Television Viewing to School Readiness and Vocabulary of Children from Low-Income Families: The Early Window Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collected time-use diaries of television viewing from two cohorts of children (ages 2-5 and 4-7) from low-income families and gave annual tests of reading, math, receptive vocabulary, and school readiness. Found that viewing of child-audience informative programs between ages 2 and 3 predicted higher academic performance. Frequent viewers of…

Wright, John C.; Auston, Aletha C.; Murphy, Kimberlee C.; St. Peters, Michelle; Pinon, Ronda Scantlin; Kotler, Jennifer

2001-01-01

83

William Torrey Harris and the Academic School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently there has been a growing concern about the decline in academic achievement among students as modern schools have moved to more non-academic functions. William Torrey Harris was an early education reformer whose ideas are now proving relevant to the problems currently facing education. Harris entered the field of education in the 1850s…

Sniegoski, Stephen J.

84

Risk Factors Affecting School Readiness in Premature Infants With Respiratory Distress Syndrome  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Advances in neonatal care have resulted in children born pre-maturely with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) successfully reaching school age. It is unknown how many will be ready for school and what factors affect school readiness in these children at high risk. Our objective was to assess readiness of children born prematurely with RDS in the last decade for entry into public school, and determine risk factors associated with lack of school readiness in this population. METHODS This was a single-center prospective cohort study. Follow-up data were collected for 135 of 167 (81%) surviving premature infants with RDS requiring surfactant-replacement therapy and mechanical ventilation. The children were seen between July 2005 and September 2006 (average age: 5.7 ± 1.0 years) and underwent standardized neurodevelopmental and health assessments and socioeconomic status classification. A 4-level school-readiness score was constructed by using each child’s standardized scores on assessments of basic concepts (Bracken School-Readiness Assessment), perceptual skills (Visual-Motor Integration Test), receptive vocabulary (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Third Edition), daily living functional skills (Pediatric Functional Independence Measure), and presence of sensory impairments or autism. Proportional odds models were used to identify risk factors predicting lower school-readiness levels. RESULTS Of the children examined, the mean birth weight was 1016 ± 391 g, and the mean gestational age was 27.5 ± 2.6 weeks. Ninety-one (67%) children were school-ready. Using multivariate analysis, male gender, chronic lung disease, and severe intraventricular hemorrhage or periventricular leukomalacia were associated with lower school-readiness levels. However, the most powerful factor determining school-readiness level was low socioeconomic status. CONCLUSION Interventions targeting neonatal morbidities may be much less effective at improving overall performance at school age compared with the effect of the impoverished social environment. PMID:19564308

Patrianakos-Hoobler, Athena I.; Msall, Michael E.; Marks, Jeremy D.; Huo, Dezheng; Schreiber, Michael D.

2009-01-01

85

“Come and Take a Walk”: Listening to Early Head Start Parents on School-Readiness as a Matter of Child, Family, and Community Health  

PubMed Central

We explored the perspectives and experiences of low-income, predominantly African American families regarding children’s school-readiness. Our research, which involved qualitative interviews, ethnographic case studies, and “photovoice” methods, focused on families participating in the national evaluation of Early Head Start. While valuing academic skills, study parents emphasized the importance of social and emotional health in regard to both children’s and parents’ readiness to begin school. These developments are especially critical given the challenges parents perceive in local school environments. On the basis of a social ecology framework, we argue that psychological and environmental dimensions of school-readiness are public health matters and that understanding the perspectives of low-income and minority parents on such issues is a critical aspect of health communication dedicated to eliminating health disparities. PMID:15798118

McAllister, Carol L.; Wilson, Patrick C.; Green, Beth L.; Baldwin, Jennifer L.

2005-01-01

86

Indicators of College Readiness: A Comparison of High School and College Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares high school indicators of college readiness for the Baltimore City Schools Class of 2011 with actual readiness as determined by Maryland colleges. Each Maryland college determines its own criteria for entering credit bearing courses or taking developmental courses. As a result, findings are reported separately by college…

Connolly, Faith; Olson, Linda S.; Durham, Rachel E.; Plank, Stephen B.

2014-01-01

87

Social Information Processing Patterns, Social Skills, and School Readiness in Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The links among social information processing, social competence, and school readiness were examined in this short-term longitudinal study with a sample of 198 preschool children. Data on social information processing were obtained via child interview, data on child social competence were obtained via teacher report, and data on school readiness

Ziv, Yair

2013-01-01

88

Parents' and Teachers' Beliefs about Children's School Readiness in a High-Need Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared the beliefs of preschool teachers, kindergarten teachers, and parents regarding children's school readiness in one mostly Hispanic and Black high-need urban school district. Found that parents held remarkably similar beliefs, regardless of ethnicity or education. Parents rated all classroom-related readiness resources such as…

Piotrkowski, Chaya S.; Botsko, Michael; Matthews, Eunice

2000-01-01

89

Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review explores which facility attributes affect academic outcomes the most and in what manner and degree. The research is examined in six categories: indoor air quality, ventilation, and thermal comfort; lighting; acoustics; building age and quality; school size; and class size. The review concludes that school facilities affect learning.…

Schneider, Mark

90

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Five Evaluation Report. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, is a federally-funded system of grants that focuses on preparing low-income students to enter and succeed in postsecondary educational programs. GEAR UP grants extend across 6 school years and require that funded districts begin providing grant services to students no…

Texas Center for Educational Research, 2012

2012-01-01

91

Hispanic Preschoolers' School Readiness: A Study Examining the Impact of Cultural, Social-Emotional, and Sociodemographic Factors  

E-print Network

-emotional competence would have an impact on school readiness, above and beyond sociodemographic factors. This study used hierarchical regression analyses. Results suggest that cultural variables were not good predictors of school readiness or social...

Avila Brizuela, Leonor

2012-02-14

92

Social information processing patterns, social skills, and school readiness in preschool children.  

PubMed

The links among social information processing, social competence, and school readiness were examined in this short-term longitudinal study with a sample of 198 preschool children. Data on social information processing were obtained via child interview, data on child social competence were obtained via teacher report, and data on school readiness were obtained via child assessment (early literacy skills) and teacher report (approaches to learning). Findings provided support for our hypothesis that both social information processing and social competence are related to school readiness. Social competence also partially mediated the link between social information processing and school readiness, thereby supporting our hypothesis about an indirect path in which mental processes are translated into social skills and then translated into school readiness. PMID:23046690

Ziv, Yair

2013-02-01

93

Patterns of School Readiness Forecast Achievement and Socioemotional Development at the End of Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A person-oriented approach examined patterns of functioning in social and executive function domains at 54 months and in turn forecasted 5th-grade socioemotional and achievement outcomes for 944 children. Six distinct profiles of 54-month school readiness patterns predicted outcomes in 5th grade with indications of cross-domain association between…

Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C.

2012-01-01

94

Strategies to Prepare Middle School and High School Students for College and Career Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends among adolescents continue to be discouraging in terms of career and college readiness based on National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) achievement reports and high school graduation rate data. In response, this article presents five goals and eight strategies we have engaged in during a seven-year research study focused on…

Radcliffe, Rich A.; Bos, Beth

2013-01-01

95

Children Entering School Ready to Learn: 2009-2010 Maryland Model for School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) informs policymakers and practitioners of what children know and are able to do when they start formal education in kindergarten. This report provides a profile of children's skill levels as they enter school based on the evaluation of their teachers. It includes valuable trend data about…

Maryland State Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

96

Using Positive Behavior Support Procedures in Head Start Classrooms to Improve School Readiness: A Group Training and Behavioral Coaching Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional competence is an important determinant of school readiness. School readiness, in turn, sets the stage for school success. There is clear longitudinal evidence that school success, attachment and bonding to the schooling process, and full engagement of schooling can, in combination, operate as a protective factor against a host of long-term health risk behaviors and negative outcomes. Herein, we

Edward G. Feil; Hill Walker; Herbert Severson; Annemieke Golly; John R. Seeley; Jason W. Small

2009-01-01

97

Using Positive Behavior Support Procedures in Head Start Classrooms to Improve School Readiness: A Group Training and Behavioral Coaching Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social-emotional competence is an important determinant of school readiness. School readiness, in turn, sets the stage for school success. There is clear longitudinal evidence that school success, attachment and bonding to the schooling process, and full engagement of schooling can, in combination, operate as a protective factor against a host of…

Feil, Edward G.; Walker, Hill; Severson, Herbert; Golly, Annemieke; Seeley, John R.; Small, Jason W.

2009-01-01

98

Academic Achievement in Effective Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of achievement in mathematics in elementary schools in New Brunswick (Canada). Data Collection: Both teachers and school leaders (N = 111) completed a questionnaire on their practices and on school functioning. Findings: Multiple regression analyses revealed that the students'…

Basque, Marc; Bouchamma, Yamina

2013-01-01

99

Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper disentangles the impact of schools and teachers in influencing achievement with special attention given to the potential problems of omitted or mismeasured variables and of student and school selection. Unique matched panel data from the UTD Texas Schools Project permit the identification of teacher quality based on student performance along with the impact of specific, measured components of

Steven G. Rivkin; Eric A. Hanushek; John F. Kain

2002-01-01

100

Using PLAN to Identify Student Readiness for Rigorous Courses in High School. Issues In College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its College Readiness System, ACT offers the PLAN[R] program as a way for tenth-grade students to review their progress toward college readiness while there is still time to make necessary interventions. PLAN contains four tests--English, Mathematics, Reading, and Science. These tests are designed to measure students' curriculum-related…

ACT, Inc., 2009

2009-01-01

101

School Resources and the Academic Achievement of Canadian Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study estimates the impact of schools' physical resources and teachers' academic press on students' academic achievement in mathematics and reading when a number of important student variables are controlled. Academic press is defined as teachers' emphasis on academic excellence and upholding academic standards (McDill, Natriello, & Pallas,…

Wei, Yichun; Clifton, Rodney A.; Roberts, Lance W.

2011-01-01

102

KRIEGER SCHOOL of ARTS & SCIENCES ADVANCED ACADEMIC PROGRAMS  

E-print Network

courses that inspire you to achieve your goals. Advanced Academic Programs offers a variety of graduateKRIEGER SCHOOL of ARTS & SCIENCES ADVANCED ACADEMIC PROGRAMS ACAdemiC CAtAlOg 2014 ­ 2015 AdvancedAcademicPrograms|Part-timeMaster'sDegreesandGraduateCerticatesJohnsHopkinsUniversity2014­2015Academic

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

103

Preschool Center Quality and School Readiness: Quality Main Effects and Variation by Demographic and Child Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to address two research questions related to the policy goal of having all children ready to learn at kindergarten entry. First, to what extent are children's cognitive and achievement skills higher when they experience higher quality preschools? Second, are the effects of preschool center quality on these school readiness

Dang, Tran T.; Farkas, George; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Vandell, Deborah L.; Li, Weilin; Ruzek, Erik A.; Howes, Carollee

2011-01-01

104

School Culture, Teacher Regard, and Academic Aspirations among Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school students perform well academically when their schooling environment meets their developmental needs (Eccles et al., 1993). Both school culture and student-teacher relationships are influential aspects of the school environment that impact academic expectations, school satisfaction, and academic performance. In the current study, we…

McCollum, Elan C.; Yoder, Nicholas P.

2011-01-01

105

University Graduate School Academic Bulletin  

E-print Network

), Beverly Stoeltje* (Anthropology) Director of Graduate Studies Associate Professor Jon Simons*, 800 East in and through the topics of rhetoric, media, performance, and ethnographic studies. Graduate students can also.g., English, history, anthropology), with evidence of adequate academic background for graduate study

Indiana University

106

Student Mobility, Academic Performance, and School Accountability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The magnitude of student mobility was examined in the Texas public schools by reporting how many students are moving, when and where they are moving, and who is moving, and by clarifying the relationships between mobility and academic performance at the individual student, campus, and district levels. While the study's primary focus was on…

Mao, Michael X.; And Others

107

OFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE  

E-print Network

Table of Contents: OAA Sundial Calendar Available ACF Representation Added to School of Medicine Faculty Documentation Due by September 1 July FAAN Meeting Cancelled OAA Sundial Calendar Available The Office of Academic Affairs has established a Sundial calendar of meetings and deadlines, which will replace

Kay, Mark A.

108

Predicting School Readiness for Low-Income Children With Disability Risks Identified Early.  

E-print Network

This study examined school readiness at kindergarten entry for low-income children whose disability indicators were identified before age 3. Data were collected as part ofthe Early Head Start Research and Evaluation ...

Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Peterson, Carla A.; Wall, Shavaun; Carta, Judith J.; Gayle, Luze; Eshbaugh, Elaine M.; Swanson, Mark

2011-01-01

109

Application of the cumulative risk model in predicting school readiness in Head Start children  

E-print Network

outcomes. This study built on this literature by investigating how child, parent, and family risk factors predicted school readiness in Head Start children using two statistical models. Specific aims of this study included identifying 1) to what degree...

Rodriguez-Escobar, Olga Lydia

2009-05-15

110

Family and neighborhood disadvantage, home environment, and children's school readiness.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine associations between family socioeconomic risk, neighborhood disadvantage, and children's school readiness. A sample of 420 children from 48 early childcare programs yielded multi-informant data. The average age was 55.3 months (SD = 6.4), with 38% of children being Black, non-Hispanic, Hispanic, or other minority race (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander). One third (32.4%) of the parents had annual incomes less than $30,000. We used multilevel structural equation modeling to test direct and indirect associations among family socioeconomic risk and neighborhood disadvantage and children's cognitive and social-emotional development through home learning environment and parental depression. Children with a greater number of family socioeconomic risks and a higher level of neighborhood disadvantage demonstrated lower scores on cognitive skills. The degree of family socioeconomic risk was indirectly associated with children's cognitive ability through parents' cognitive stimulation at home. Parents who had more family socioeconomic risks and neighborhood disadvantage reported more depressive symptoms, which, in turn, suggested children's greater probability of having social-emotional problems. In other words, home learning environments explained associations between family socioeconomic disadvantage and children's cognitive skills, while parental depression explained associations between family/neighborhood disadvantages and children's social-emotional problems. Results suggest the importance of intervention or prevention strategies for parents to improve cognitive stimulation at home and to reduce depressive symptoms. PMID:25150370

Jeon, Lieny; Buettner, Cynthia K; Hur, Eunhye

2014-10-01

111

University Graduate School Academic Bulletin  

E-print Network

* Departmental E-mail ceus@indiana.edu Departmental URL www.indiana.edu/~ceus Graduate Faculty (An asterisk Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy. CEUS also offers a dual M.A./M.P.A. degree with the School

Indiana University

112

Patterns of school readiness forecast achievement and socioemotional development at the end of elementary school.  

PubMed

A person-oriented approach examined patterns of functioning in social and executive function domains at 54 months and in turn forecasted 5th-grade socioemotional and achievement outcomes for 944 children. Six distinct profiles of 54-month school readiness patterns predicted outcomes in 5th grade with indications of cross-domain association between 54-month performance and later functioning. A group of children at 54 months characterized by low working memory exhibited elevated levels of socioemotional problems and low achievement in 5th grade. Patterns in which high social competence or high working memory were prominent predicted high 5th-grade achievement. Unexpectedly, a group distinguished by attention problems performed well on later achievement outcomes. After controlling for children's early demographics, readiness profiles accounted for math achievement in 5th grade. PMID:22103310

Sabol, Terri J; Pianta, Robert C

2012-01-01

113

Measuring Academic Tenacity: New Visions for Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past three years, the College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) project has afforded New Visions for Public Schools an opportunity to reflect upon their college readiness systems and practices. Through their involvement in the project, they have been able to explore various strategies for ensuring that their students graduate from high…

Carrano, Jared

2013-01-01

114

Academic Credit for Internships Requirements for gaining academic credit vary from school to school, depending on your primary major. Please  

E-print Network

Academic Credit for Internships Requirements for gaining academic credit vary from school to school for internships completed in spring and summer. ARTS & SCIENCES Basic Requirements for Arts & Sciences Students: Students can gain academic credit for unpaid internships only. Student must complete a Learning Agreement

Subramanian, Venkat

115

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY COMMITTEE ON ACADEMIC STAFF ISSUES (CASI)  

E-print Network

UW SCHOOL OF PHARMACY COMMITTEE ON ACADEMIC STAFF ISSUES (CASI) 2013-2014 Committee Members Jeremy for participation by academic staff members in division/unit and School governance and committee work and strategic priorities of the School; and in the development of mentoring and professional development

Sheridan, Jennifer

116

Building Bridges: A Comprehensive System for Healthy Development and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief describes the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative, a policy designed to improve early childhood programs to ensure that all children arrive at school healthy and ready to learn. The SECCS is intended to help states build a bridge from birth to school and addresses how states will support children and…

Halfon, Neal; Uyeda, Kimberly; Inkelas, Moira; Rice, Thomas

2004-01-01

117

Finnish High School Students' Readiness to Adopt Online Learning: Questioning the Assumptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Finnish high school system in rural areas is facing challenges because of a decreasing number of the students. This situation places new emphasis on online learning. Online learning offers new possibilities for high schools to provide equal learning opportunities for their students. This paper explores students' readiness to adapt their…

Valtonen, Teemu; Kukkonen, Jari; Dillon, Patrick; Vaisanen, Pertti

2009-01-01

118

Diplomas Count: Ready for What? Preparing Students for College, Careers, and Life after High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's high school graduates are entering a world in which they will need at least some college to gain access to decent-paying careers, according to the 2007 edition of "Diplomas Count." Those without even a high school diploma will face increasingly bleak labor-market prospects. This report, "Ready for What? Preparing Students for College,…

Education Week, 2007

2007-01-01

119

Coming, Ready or Not: Aboriginal Children's Transition to School in Urban Australia and the Policy Push  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern that too many Australian children, particularly Indigenous children, are not ready to start school has spurred a series of changes to the pre-school sector. Included among these changes are nationwide mass surveying and the introduction of a unified curriculum framework together with moves towards standardised entry assessment. Focusing on…

Taylor, Anthea Jo

2011-01-01

120

Mathematics from High School to Community College: Preparation, Articulation, and College Un-Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research studied the role of mathematics as a roadblock to college completion for community college-bound students in California. Using longitudinal quantitative analysis, I observed the educational pipeline between high school and community college and analyzed how different high school mathematics histories predicted readiness, or…

Jaffe, Louise

2012-01-01

121

Executive Functioning Predicts School Readiness and Success: Implications for Assessment and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, executive functioning (EF) has received increasing attention from researchers and practitioners focusing on how EF predicts important outcomes such as success at school and in life. For example, EF has been described as the single best predictor of school readiness (Blair & Razza, 2007). Moreover, EF has been implicated in…

Cantin, Rachelle H.; Mann, Trisha D.; Hund, Alycia M.

2012-01-01

122

Children's School Readiness: Implications for Eliminating Future Disparities in Health and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: School-entry characteristics predict adult educational attainment, which forecasts dispositions toward disease prevention. Health and education risks can also be transmitted from one generation to the next. As such, school readiness forecasts a set of intertwined biopsychosocial trajectories that can influence the developmental…

Pagani, Linda S.; Fitzpatrick, Caroline

2014-01-01

123

The Relationship between Preschool Programming and School Readiness for Rural Children Entering Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children in the researcher's rural school district have limited opportunities for a high quality preschool programming that prepares them for school readiness. Quality preschool programming is defined as teachers with proper qualifications and training, small class size, stimulating curriculum, and parent involvement. The theoretical foundation…

Conway, Donna M.

2010-01-01

124

A Delphi Study of Young Children's Readiness in Korea: Challenges and Implications for Early Childhood Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a Delphi study investigating young children's readiness in Korea. Twenty-two (22) Korean experts in early childhood education participated in a 4-stage Delphi consensus-seeking process. Results indicate that behaviors related to social adjustment to school were considered the most important components of school

Kim, Juhu; Lee, Yeung-suk; Suen, Hoi; Lee, Gyeong Seon

2003-01-01

125

College Readiness and the Postsecondary Outcomes of Illinois High School Students. Policy Research: IERC 2012-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents longitudinal description of the association between college readiness--as measured by college readiness benchmarks set by the ACT--and a series of postsecondary outcomes of the Illinois High School Class of 2003. In addition to describing how college readiness is distributed among the cohort, this study establishes the college…

Lichtenberger, Eric J.; Dietrich, Cecile

2012-01-01

126

Executive functions and school readiness intervention: Impact, moderation, and mediation in the Head Start REDI program  

PubMed Central

Despite their potentially central role in fostering school readiness, executive function (EF) skills have received little explicit attention in the design and evaluation of school readiness interventions for socioeconomically disadvantaged children. The present study examined a set of five EF measures in the context of a randomized-controlled trial of a research-based intervention integrated into Head Start programs (Head Start REDI). Three hundred fifty-six 4-year-old children (17% Hispanic, 25% African American; 54% girls) were followed over the course of the prekindergarten year. Initial EF predicted gains in cognitive and social–emotional skills and moderated the impact of the Head Start REDI intervention on some outcomes. The REDI intervention promoted gains on two EF measures, which partially mediated intervention effects on school readiness. We discuss the importance of further study of the neurobiological bases of school readiness, the implications for intervention design, and the value of incorporating markers of neurobiological processes into school readiness interventions. PMID:18606033

BIERMAN, KAREN L.; NIX, ROBERT L.; GREENBERG, MARK T.; BLAIR, CLANCY; DOMITROVICH, CELENE E.

2011-01-01

127

Ready to Go: Using the EXPLORE Test to Increase 8th Grade Readiness for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 2009-10 academic year, 1,444 8th grade students in the Canton City, Plain and Marlington Local School Districts (hereafter called Stark students) took the EXPLORE Test as part of a pilot project, "Ready to Go: Increasing Eighth Grade Readiness," sponsored by the Stark Education Partnership with funding from the Ohio College Access…

Rochford, Joseph A.; O'Neill, Adrienne; Gelb, Adele

2010-01-01

128

Academic self-efficacy mediates the effects of school psychological climate on academic achievement.  

PubMed

This study investigated the effects of proximal and distal constructs on adolescent's academic achievement through self-efficacy. Participants included 482 ninth- and tenth- grade Norwegian students who completed a questionnaire designed to assess school-goal orientations, organizational citizenship behavior, academic self-efficacy, and academic achievement. The results of a bootstrapping technique used to analyze relationships between the constructs indicated that school-goal orientations and organizational citizenship predicted academic self-efficacy. Furthermore, school-goal orientation, organizational citizenship, and academic self-efficacy explained 46% of the variance in academic achievement. Mediation analyses revealed that academic self-efficacy mediated the effects of perceived task goal structure, perceived ability structure, civic virtue, and sportsmanship on adolescents' academic achievements. The results are discussed in reference to current scholarship, including theories underlying our hypothesis. Practical implications and directions for future research are suggested. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24708286

Høigaard, Rune; Kova?, Velibor Bobo; Overby, Nina Cecilie; Haugen, Tommy

2014-04-01

129

School Readiness of Moderately Preterm Children at Preschool Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigates the preschool readiness of moderately preterm children and, in particular, the likely presence of learning disabilities at preschool age. Its theoretical model detects linguistic comprehension and expression; memory-related metacognition and cognition skills; orientation and motor coordination skills; premathematics and…

Perricone, Giovanna; Morales, M. Regina; Anzalone, Germana

2013-01-01

130

Investigating the Link between Home-School Dissonance and Academic Cheating among High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the association between home-school dissonance and academic cheating among 344 high school juniors and seniors at two urban high schools. Students completed two subscales of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scale (PALS) and one subscale of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS). Analyses revealed that home-school

Brown-Wright, Lynda; Tyler, Kenneth M.; Stevens-Watkins, Danelle; Thomas, Deneia; Mulder, Shambra; Hughes, Travonia; Stevens-Morgan, Ruby; Roan-Belle, Clarissa; Gadson, Nadia; Smith, La Toya

2013-01-01

131

Business School Deans on Student Academic Dishonesty: A Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While students and, to a lesser extent, faculty have been surveyed about the student academic dishonesty issue, deans have been virtually ignored. This paper reports the results of an online survey of business school deans on the issue. Deans' perceptions of the level of student academic dishonesty in their schools were much lower than the levels…

Brown, Bob S.; Weible, Rick J.; Olmosk, Kurt E.

2010-01-01

132

Contracting out Public Schools and Academic Performance: Evidence from Colombia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contracting out public schools to private institutions is an instrument for reforming public education as it may facilitate academic innovation and improve student academic performance through higher school accountability and autonomy. The degree of autonomy that different providers have may vary substantially depending on the contractual and…

Bonilla-Angel, Juan D.

2011-01-01

133

Personality Type and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school students…

Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.

2014-01-01

134

Dominican students' voices on academic success in a middle school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this case study was to identify factors that contributed to the academic success of high achieving Dominican middle school students in a public school in New York City. The factors examined included the role of parents, teachers, peers, and participants' perceptions of themselves (self-perceptions). The study also examined how first and second language proficiency impact on academic

Joanne Medina

2001-01-01

135

A SURVEY OF LANGUAGE SCHOOLS NOT UNDER ACADEMIC AUSPICES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED OF 93 SCHOOLS WHICH OFFERED FOREIGN-LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION IN 10 MAJOR CITIES. THESE SCHOOLS WERE SELF-SUPPORTING AND NOT INCLUDED IN SUCH ACADEMIC CATEGORIES AS COLLEGES, PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS, AND PRIVATE PREPARATORY SCHOOLS. INFORMATION ON THE STUDY OF LANGUAGES FOREIGN TO AMERICANS WERE GATHERED BY INTERVIEWS WITH EACH…

MUSTARD, HELEN M.

136

Academic Optimism and Student Achievement in Urban Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this study was two-fold: to demonstrate a general construct of schools called academic optimism and to show it was related to student achievement in urban elementary schools, even controlling for socioeconomic factors, and school size. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from 99 urban elementary schools in Texas…

Smith, Page A.; Hoy, Wayne K.

2007-01-01

137

Arizona Academic Standards: Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for kindergarten. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Kindergarten; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Readiness (Kindergarten); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Readiness

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

138

The Tip of the Iceberg: SURR Schools and Academic Failure in New York City. Civic Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents statistical data on academic failure in New York City's Schools Under Registration Review (SURR) schools. The tables and charts focus on: SURR schools in New York state; SURR schools by grade level; academic achievement in new SURR schools; academic performance in all SURR schools; children attending New York City SURR Schools

Kosar, Kevin

139

Developing an Additive Risk Model for Predicting Academic Index: School Factors and Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of school factors on academic achievement has become an important focus for identifying, preventing, and intervening with youth at-risk for academic failure. This study was designed to develop and test a more comprehensive school factor risk index. Specifically, the relationship between cumulative grade point average (GPA) and an additive risk index (ARI) were tested and an analysis of

Robert Lucio; Lisa Rapp-Paglicci; William Rowe

2011-01-01

140

Predicting Early Academic Failure in High School from Prior Academic Achievement, Psychosocial Characteristics, and Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the differential effects of prior academic achievement, psychosocial, behavioral, demographic, and school context factors on early high school grade point average (GPA) using a prospective study of 4,660 middle-school students from 24 schools. The findings suggest that (a) prior grades and standardized achievement are the…

Casillas, Alex; Robbins, Steve; Allen, Jeff; Kuo, Yi-Lung; Hanson, Mary Ann; Schmeiser, Cynthia

2012-01-01

141

High School Career Academies: A 40-Year Proven Model for Improving College and Career Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school career academies are a time-tested model for improving academic outcomes and preparing students for both college and careers. Career academies (1) are smaller learning communities taught by a team of interdisciplinary teachers, (2) provide a rigorous academic curriculum based on a career theme that demonstrates how knowledge is used…

Brand, Betsy

2009-01-01

142

School Readiness Factors for Predicting High and Low Achieving Students in First Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When analyzed according to race and ethnicity, poverty level, parental education level, as well as other related factors in schools in America, academic achievement disparities negatively impact educational outcomes for poor children and children of color on a consistent basis. At all educational levels, academic achievement and attainments of…

Davion, Edward, Jr.

2011-01-01

143

Contemplative Practices in Early Childhood: Implications for Self-Regulation Skills and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the development of self-regulation skills in early childhood and the possibilities of children's contemplative practices as a viable tool to facilitate this development. Current research indicates that self-regulation skills in early childhood education make a significant contribution to school readiness, and long-term…

Willis, Elizabeth; Dinehart, Laura H.

2014-01-01

144

Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social…

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2011-01-01

145

Head Start and Urban Children's School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors used data from a large longitudinal birth cohort study of primarily low-income children in urban areas, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), to investigate the effects of Head Start participation on children's school readiness. The fact that their sample was mainly made up of disadvantaged families…

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2010-01-01

146

High School Graduates' Perceptions of Senior Project and College and Work Readiness: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State testing or end-of-course exams are recommended to determine if high school graduates are ready to enter college or the workforce because these assessments are aligned to content area expectations and standards that are measurable within each state as well as from state to state (Achieve, 2006). However, such assessments do not measure all…

Pennacchia, Donna

2010-01-01

147

Improving School Readiness: A Brief Report from the Palm Beach County Family Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, Florida's Palm Beach County has been building a system of prevention and early intervention services to promote and support the healthy development and school readiness of children from birth to age 8. The county began this effort with a set of programs focused on serving families in four targeted geographic areas that have…

Spielberger, Julie; Gouvea, Marcia; Rich, Lauren

2012-01-01

148

Does the EDI Equivalently Measure Facets of School Readiness for Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the current paper was to examine the equivalence of the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher rating measure of school readiness, for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. The current study used an approach, which analyzes the structure and properties of the EDI at the subdomain level. Similar subdomain score distributions…

Muhajarine, Nazeem; Puchala, Chassidy; Janus, Magdalena

2011-01-01

149

Associations among Maternal Behavior, Delay of Gratification, and School Readiness across the Early Childhood Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the developmental pathways from maternal behavior to school readiness within a sample of 1007 children, with a specific focus on the mediating role of delay of gratification (DoG). Maternal behavior across the first 36 months of age was explored as a predictor of children's DoG at 54 months as well as their behavioral and…

Razza, Rachel A.; Raymond, Kimberly

2013-01-01

150

Preschool Center Quality and School Readiness: Quality Effects and Variation by Demographic and Child Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines associations between observed quality in preschool center classrooms for approximately 6,250 three- to five-year-olds and their school readiness skills at kindergarten entry. Secondary analyses were conducted using data from four large-scale studies to estimate the effects of preschool center quality and interactions between…

Keys, Tran D.; Farkas, George; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Vandell, Deborah L.; Li, Weilin; Ruzek, Erik A.; Howes, Carollee

2013-01-01

151

From Research to Practice: Strategies for Supporting School Readiness in Programs Serving Infants and Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fostering healthy social and emotional development provides the foundation for school readiness in programs serving infants, toddlers, and their families. In this article, the author explores four key concepts that make the link between social and emotional development and early learning: 1) Cognitive and social-emotional development are…

Powers, Stefanie

2012-01-01

152

THE CREATIVE-AESTHETIC APPROACH TO SCHOOL READINESS AND MEASURED CREATIVE GROWTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN RESPONSE TO THE OBSERVATION THAT CHILDREN LOSE MUCH OF THEIR IMAGINATIVENESS AND CREATIVENESS AT ABOUT AGE 5 OR DURING THEIR KINDERGARTEN YEAR, A PROGRAM CALLED THE "CREATIVE-AESTHETIC APPROACH TO SCHOOL READINESS" WAS EMPLOYED TO SEE IF IT WOULD PREVENT SUCH A LOSS. THE PROGRAM IS NORMALLY USED WITH PRESCHOOL CHILDREN TO DEVELOP THE BEGINNINGS…

TORRANCE, E. PAUL; AND OTHERS

153

Effects of Parent Expectations and Involvement on the School Readiness of Children in Head Start  

E-print Network

of parent expectations on school readiness is mediated by parent involvement. The sample consisted of 77 caregivers, primarily mothers or mother figures, and their children who were enrolled in a Head Start preschool program. The caregivers were given... LIST OF TABLES Page Table 3.1 Descriptive Statistics of Caregiver and Children .............................. 64 Table...

Cook, Krystal Tisha'

2010-10-12

154

Construct Validity Evidence for Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition, Spanish Form Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Convergent and discriminant validity evidence was examined for scores on the Spanish Record Form of the Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition (BSRA-3). Participants included a sample of 68 Hispanic, Spanish-speaking children ages 4 to 5 years enrolled in preschool programs in Puerto Rico. Scores obtained from the BSRA-3 Spanish Record…

Ortiz, Arlene; Clinton, Amanda; Schaefer, Barbara A.

2015-01-01

155

Child Care Subsidies and the School Readiness of Children of Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the first to test whether receipt of a federal child care subsidy is associated with children of immigrants' school readiness skills. Using nationally representative data (n ˜ 2,900), this study estimates the associations between subsidy receipt at age 4 and kindergarten cognitive and social outcomes, for children of immigrant…

Johnson, Anna D.; Han, Wen-Jui; Ruhm, Christopher J.; Waldfogel, Jane

2014-01-01

156

Mapping Fiscal Resources in South Hampton Roads Virginia to Support School Readiness. Regional Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, committees of key stakeholders in the five cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, Suffolk, Portsmouth, and Virginia Beach developed Collaborative Action Plans focused on key strategies to ensure that children in each city "arrive at kindergarten healthy and ready to succeed in school, and in life." With leadership from Smart Beginnings South…

Finance Project, 2009

2009-01-01

157

The Perceptions Head Start Teachers Have of Instructional Behaviors for School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school readiness of Head Start students has become a major concern in the United States. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore Head Start teachers' lived experiences and perceptions of the instructional behaviors necessary for preparing students for kindergarten. The study sample consisted of a purposive…

Jackson, Elinor N.

2011-01-01

158

Associations among Family Environment, Sustained Attention, and School Readiness for Low-Income Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we examined the developmental pathways from children's family environment to school readiness within a low-income sample (N = 1,046), with a specific focus on the role of sustained attention. Six distinct factors of the family environment representing maternal parenting behaviors, the physical home environment, and maternal mental…

Razza, Rachel A.; Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2010-01-01

159

Obesity-Related Hormones in Low-Income Preschool-Age Children: Implications for School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in school readiness and health outcomes, particularly obesity, among preschool-aged children are complex and poorly understood. Obesity can induce changes in proteins in the circulation that contribute to the negative impact of obesity on health; such changes may relate to cognitive and emotion…

Miller, Alison L.; Lumeng, Carey N.; Delproposto, Jennifer; Florek, Brian; Wendorf, Kristin; Lumeng, Julie C.

2013-01-01

160

Michigan Ross School of Business Enriching Academics in Collaboration with High Schools  

E-print Network

Michigan Ross School of Business Enriching Academics in Collaboration with High Schools 2007 in Collaboration with High Schools) brings Detroit and other Southeast Michigan high school students (urban-2008: To date MREACH has served 614 high school students from 12 high schools in Southeast Michigan. MREACH has

Awtar, Shorya

161

Academic Performance of Subsequent Schools and Impacts of Early Interventions: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Head Start Settings  

PubMed Central

The role of subsequent school contexts in the long-term effects of early childhood interventions has received increasing attention, but has been understudied in the literature. Using data from the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), a cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in Head Start programs, we investigate whether the intervention had differential effects on academic and behavioral outcomes in kindergarten if children attended high- or low-performing schools subsequent to the preschool intervention year. To address the issue of selection bias, we adopt an innovative method, principal score matching, and control for a set of child, mother, and classroom covariates. We find that exposure to the CSRP intervention in the Head Start year had significant effects on academic and behavioral outcomes in kindergarten for children who subsequently attended high-performing schools, but no significant effects on children attending low-performing schools. Policy implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:22773872

Zhai, Fuhua; Raver, C. Cybele; Jones, Stephanie M.

2012-01-01

162

Are High School Grades Inflated? Issues in College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To find out whether high school grade inflation exists, data drawn from students who took the ACT in the eleventh or twelfth grades and graduated from public high schools were examined. Because grade inflation is by definition a factor that develops over time, data from a relatively long period, 1991 to 2003, or 13 years were used. The number of…

ACT, Inc., 2005

2005-01-01

163

Comparing Self-Regulatory and Early Academic Skills as Predictors of Later Math, Reading, and Science Elementary School Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The achievement score gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged children at school entry is a major problem in education today. Identifying the skills critical for school readiness is an important step in developing interventions aimed at addressing these score gaps. The purpose of this study is to compare a number of school readiness skills with an eye toward finding out which are the best predictors of later academic achievement in math, reading, and science. The predictors were early reading, math, general knowledge, socioemotional skills, and motor skills. Data were obtained from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study of 1998 (NCES, 1998) database. While controlling for an extensive set of family characteristics, predictions were made across five years - from the end of kindergarten to the end of fifth grade. Consistent with current findings, reading and math skills predicted later achievement. Interestingly, general knowledge, attention, and fine motor skills also proved to be important predictors of later academic achievement, but socioemotional skills were not. The findings were interpreted from a neurobiological perspective involving the development of self-regulation. These school entry skills are used to predict later achievement in reading, math, and science. I argued that in addition to acquiring early academic knowledge, children need to regulate the use of this knowledge to meet academic goals.

Murrah, William M., III

164

The Effects of School Bonding on High School Seniors' Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine the effects of school bonding on academic achievement (measured by math achievement scores) in a sample of 12th graders from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (Ingels, Pratt, Rogers, Siegel, & Stutts, 2005). Components of school bonding have proximal and distal effects on academic achievement. Attachment to school and…

Bryan, Julia; Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Gaenzle, Stacey; Kim, Jungnam; Lin, Chia-Huei; Na, Goeun

2012-01-01

165

Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population…

Milam, A. J.; Furr-Holden, C. D. M.; Leaf, P. J.

2010-01-01

166

Case Study of a California High School under Academic Sanctions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a mixed-methods case study of Antelope Valley High School (AVHS). AVHS was one of the first six schools in California to receive academic sanctions since the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. It was also the first high school to receive a State Trustee who was embedded at the school every day for two school years. AVHS…

Beam, Eric Adam

2008-01-01

167

Spread of Academic Success in a High School Social Network  

PubMed Central

Application of social network analysis to education has revealed how social network positions of K-12 students correlate with their behavior and academic achievements. However, no study has been conducted on how their social network influences their academic progress over time. Here we investigated correlations between high school students’ academic progress over one year and the social environment that surrounds them in their friendship network. We found that students whose friends’ average GPA (Grade Point Average) was greater (or less) than their own had a higher tendency toward increasing (or decreasing) their academic ranking over time, indicating social contagion of academic success taking place in their social network. PMID:23418483

Blansky, Deanna; Kavanaugh, Christina; Boothroyd, Cara; Benson, Brianna; Gallagher, Julie; Endress, John; Sayama, Hiroki

2013-01-01

168

Personality Traits and Intelligence Predict Academic School Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which personality traits and intelligence scores predict school level academic performance (AP), (British GCSE: General Certificate of Secondary Education; America Grade 10) in different disciplines. The participant sample consisted of approximately 250 school pupils from three schools in the South East of…

Furnham, Adrian; Monsen, Jeremy

2009-01-01

169

The Challenges Facing Dental Schools and Academic Health Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If dental schools are to be competitive in the current economic environment, they will need to collaborate with and become active participants in their academic health centers. The dental school can strengthen the center's competitive edge in the managed care market, strengthening the dental school's position in the center and generating new…

Anderson, Allen W.

1995-01-01

170

Understanding the Gap between Students Exiting High School and College Readiness: A Modified Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Modified Delphi study was to discern the appropriate profile of an incoming freshman and the essential knowledge and skills freshmen need for academic success beyond high school. This study was conducted to examine the specific problem that the structure of public high school curriculum and the current college standards in the…

Moore, Donna Rena

2012-01-01

171

Ready or Not, Here They Come: Recommendations for Supporting Elementary School English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's public schools are required to provide equal access to an education for all students. This study, in the form of an executive position paper, focused on how a large suburban school district having a small but diverse English language population should provide that equal access in order to address the academic needs of its current…

Petr, Karen L.

2012-01-01

172

SAT Benchmarks: Development of a College Readiness Benchmark and Its Relationship to Secondary and Postsecondary School Performance. Research Report 2011-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study was part of an ongoing effort at the College Board to establish college readiness benchmarks on the SAT[R], PSAT/NMSQT[R], and ReadiStep[TM] as well as to provide schools, districts, and states with a view of their students' college readiness. College readiness benchmarks were established based on SAT performance, using a…

Wyatt, Jeffrey; Kobrin, Jennifer; Wiley, Andrew; Camara, Wayne J.; Proestler, Nina

2011-01-01

173

Implementation of a relationship-based school readiness intervention: A multidimensional approach to fidelity measurement for early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation efforts of 65 early childhood professionals involved in the Getting Ready project, an integrated, multi-systemic intervention that promotes school readiness through parent engagement for children from birth to age five, were investigated. Digital videotaped records of professionals engaged in home visits with families across both treatment and comparison conditions were coded objectively using a partial–interval recording system to

Lisa L. Knoche; Susan M. Sheridan; Carolyn P. Edwards; Allison Q. Osborn

2010-01-01

174

Effects of the Tennessee Voluntary Prekindergarten Program on School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively few rigorous studies of the effectiveness of contemporary public prekindergarten programs have been conducted despite the growing number of programs and large monetary investments they require. The study on which this presentation is based was launched in partnership with the Tennessee State Department of Education's Division of School

Lipsey, Mark W.; Hofer, Kerry G.; Farran, Dale C.; Bilbrey, Carol; Dong, Nianbo

2012-01-01

175

Cost Savings Analysis of School Readiness in Michigan. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning in the 1980s, Michigan began making investments in fully preparing young children for school--cognitively, physically, socially and emotionally. Currently Michigan's Great Start system encompasses both early childhood services and a strategic plan for the state's early childhood system of programs, services, and supports for children…

Chase, Richard; Anton, Paul

2009-01-01

176

Are Your Schools Ready for the 21st Century?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although changes in instructional technology and population growth are the usual reasons school districts approach master planning as a tool for identifying and managing these changes, environmental concerns (like asbestos abatement and radon identification) play a role. A dozen tips for developing a master plan are provided. (MLH)

Vasilakis, John N.

1990-01-01

177

Will I Be Ready as an Administrator for School Emergencies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a case study designed for use in educational leadership courses to heighten awareness of what is required of tomorrow's principals when it comes to assuming ultimate responsibility for student safety. Since the Columbine High School shootings in Littleton, Colorado, in April 1999, many other incidents of students bringing…

Llewellyn, Pamela Easton

2004-01-01

178

Electronic Student Academic System (ESAS) For Secondary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays computers are used to manage daily works. School management uses computer to process academic assessments. For example, teachers store students mark and grades in computer software such as Microsoft Office. However computers are merely used to store students assessments and there are no systematic place for analyzing and turning that data into information and knowledge. Therefore, Electronic Student Academic

Junaida Sulaiman

2008-01-01

179

Integrating Academic and Vocational Education: A Model for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two-track system that divides academic education from vocational education no longer supports students' interests. This book describes a practical approach to integrating academic and vocational education, focusing on achieving a seamlessly integrated curriculum. Chapter 1 describes the rationale of a high school program--the Cocoa Academy for…

Penn, Alexandra; Williams, Dennis

180

Gender Differences in Academic Motivation of Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The following study examines gender differences existing in various cognitive-motivational variables (causal attributions, academic goals, academic self-concept and use of significant learning strategies) and in performance attained in school subjects of Language Arts and Mathematics. Method: For this purpose, a sample of 521…

Cerezo Rusillo, Maria Teresa; Casanova Arias, Pedro Felix

2004-01-01

181

Essays on Academic Achievement and Student Behavior in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the student academic achievement through various mechanisms, put in place by the public school district, classroom student behavior, and negative external shocks to the students' living environment. I examine the impacts of various treatments on student short and long run academic outcomes such as math and English…

Moussa, Wael Soheil

2013-01-01

182

Assessing Factors Influencing Student Academic Success in Law School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on student academic success of law students is limited to mostly single institution studies, and as such, a nationwide, multi-institutional empirical study of the factors that predict student academic success is greatly needed by higher education scholars, law school admission officers, faculty, and administrators. This dissertation…

Detwiler, Robert R.

2011-01-01

183

Sociodemographic Moderators of Middle School Transition Effects on Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic impact of the transition from elementary to middle school has significant consequences for many early adolescents. This study examines academic growth across the transition, as well as sociodemographic moderators. Rather than defining the transition effect as a decline in student achievement between fifth and sixth grade, these data…

Akos, Patrick; Rose, Roderick A.; Orthner, Dennis

2015-01-01

184

SCHOOL OF NURSING Academic/Business Continuity Plan1 Infectious Hazards Plan  

E-print Network

..............................................................................36 School of Nursing Communication Plan DetailsSCHOOL OF NURSING Academic/Business Continuity Plan1 Infectious Hazards Plan University of Michigan School of Nursing Academic/Business Continuity Plan Pandemic Influenza Created: May 1, 2007 Updated

Eustice, Ryan

185

The School Readiness Composite of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale as an Intellectual Screening Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficacy of the School Readiness Composite (SRC) of the Bracken Basic Concept Scale (BBCS) as an intellectual screening instrument was investigated. The concurrent validity of the SRC and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (WPPSI-R) was examined along with the predictive capabilities of the SRC. The factor structure of the SRC and WPPSI-R in combination also was

Timothy Laughlin

1995-01-01

186

Single Parenthood and School Readiness in White, Black, and Hispanic 6- and 7-Year-Olds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research was to examine the circumstances under which single parenthood may or may not represent an adverse influence on school readiness and achievement in 6–7-year-old children of White, Black, and Hispanic families in a large national survey (NLSY). Home visits provided measures of maternal and family characteristics and of children's vocabulary, math, reading, and behavior problems.

Henry N. Ricciuti

1999-01-01

187

Longitudinal Analysis of Chinese High School Student's Stress in School and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In previous research, few studies have examined the effects of adolescents' stress in school on the change rates of their academic achievement. In the present study, we seek to examine the longitudinal relationships between adolescents' stress in school and the change rates of their academic achievement. The results indicated that for those whose…

Liu, Yangyang; Lu, Zuhong

2011-01-01

188

Academic achievement in the high school years: the changing role of school engagement.  

PubMed

School engagement is an important theoretical and practical cornerstone to the promotion of academic accomplishments. This article used a tripartite-behavioral, emotional, and cognitive-model of school engagement to assess the relationship between school engagement and academic success among high school students, and to determine whether a reciprocal relationship exists between these constructs. Data were derived from 710 youth (69% female) who took part in Waves 6 through 8 (Grades 10 through 12) of the 4-H study of positive youth development. Longitudinal confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the invariance of the tripartite model of school engagement. Results of a structural equation model showed that the components of school engagement and academic achievement were mutually predictive and that these predictions varied from grade to grade. Future possibilities for evaluating the relationship between school engagement and academic achievement, as well as the implications for educational policy and practice, are discussed. PMID:24477498

Chase, Paul A; Hilliard, Lacey J; Geldhof, G John; Warren, Daniel J A; Lerner, Richard M

2014-06-01

189

Michigan Ross School of Business Enriching Academics in Collaboration with High Schools  

E-print Network

Michigan Ross School of Business Enriching Academics in Collaboration with High Schools (MREACH begin their high school lives. MREACH staff have set the following goals for the program: · Expose that is currently not available in high school; · Provide students with a Four-Year Course Planning Guide

Awtar, Shorya

190

Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compare…

Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

2012-01-01

191

Reward Allocation and Academic versus Social Orientation toward School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Correlates 138 elementary school children's views about the purposes of school to their styles of reward allocation: academically motivated students allocated rewards equally to two hypothetical performers who had unequally helped a teacher perform a manual chore, while socially motivated children allocated rewards in an equity (performance-based)…

Peterson, Candida C.; Peterson, James L.

1978-01-01

192

The Relationship between School Absence, Academic Performance, and Asthma Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with asthma experience more absenteeism from school compared with their nonasthma peers. Excessive absenteeism is related to lower student grades, psychological, social, and educational adjustment. Less is known about the relationship between the presence of asthma and the academic achievement in school-aged children. Since…

Moonie, Sheniz; Sterling, David A.; Figgs, Larry W.; Castro, Mario

2008-01-01

193

School Engagement, Risky Peers, and Student-Teacher Relationships as Mediators of School Violence in Taiwanese Vocational versus Academically Oriented High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational tracking based on academic ability accounts for different school dynamics between vocational versus academically-oriented high schools in Taiwan. Many educational practitioners predict that the settings of vocational schools and academic schools mediate school violence in different ways. Alternatively, some researchers argue the actual…

Chen, Ji-Kang; Astor, Ron Avi

2011-01-01

194

34 CFR 200.10 - Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools and private school students.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools...EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private...

2013-07-01

195

34 CFR 200.10 - Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools and private school students.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools...EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private...

2014-07-01

196

34 CFR 200.10 - Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools and private school students.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools...EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private...

2010-07-01

197

34 CFR 200.10 - Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools and private school students.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools...EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private...

2012-07-01

198

34 CFR 200.10 - Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools and private school students.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private schools...EDUCATION TITLE I-IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED Improving... Applicability of a State's academic assessments to private...

2011-07-01

199

Coordinated School Health Programs and Academic Achievement: A Systematic Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Few evaluations of school health programs measure academic outcomes. K-12 education needs evidence for academic achievement to implement school programs. This article presents a systematic review of the literature to examine evidence that school health programs aligned with the Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) model improve academic success. METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel of health researchers searched the literature related

Nancy G. Murray; Barbara J. Low; Christine Hollis; Alan W. Cross; Sally M. Davis

2007-01-01

200

Keeping Academically Marginal Youth in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From among factors theoretically considered relevant to preventing school dropouts, empirical procedures identified five variables that predicted most of the variance among marginal youth: (1) extent of misbehavior in school; (2) belief in school's relevance to employment; (3) feelings of success in school; (4) parental monitoring of behavior; (5)…

Alpert, Geoffrey; Dunham, Roger

1986-01-01

201

Perceived School and Neighborhood Safety, Neighborhood Violence and Academic Achievement in Urban School Children  

PubMed Central

Community and school violence continue to be a major public health problem, especially among urban children and adolescents. Little research has focused on the effect of school safety and neighborhood violence on academic performance. This study examines the effect of the school and neighborhood climate on academic achievement among a population of 3rd-5th grade students in an urban public school system. Community and school safety were assessed using the School Climate Survey, an annual city-wide assessment of student’s perception of school and community safety. Community violence was measured using the Neighborhood Inventory for Environmental Typology, an objective observational assessment of neighborhood characteristics. Academic achievement was measured using the Maryland State Assessment (MSA), a standardized exam given to all Maryland 3rd-8th graders. School Climate Data and MSA data were aggregated by school and grade. Objective assessments of neighborhood environment and students’ self-reported school and neighborhood safety were both strongly associated with academic performance. Increasing neighborhood violence was associated with statistically significant decreases from 4.2%-8.7% in math and reading achievement; increasing perceived safety was associated with significant increases in achievement from 16%-22%. These preliminary findings highlight the adverse impact of perceived safety and community violence exposure on primary school children’s academic performance. PMID:21197388

AJ, Milam; CDM, Furr-Holden; PJ, Leaf

2010-01-01

202

Math Literacy: The Relationship of Algebra, Gender, Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and AVID Enrollment with High School Math Course Completion and College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The questions guiding this research seek to discover the factors that affect high school math course completion and college readiness in a Texas suburban public school district. The first research question examines the relationship between 8th grade completion of Algebra I and high school mathematics course taking patterns and college readiness.…

Edge, Donna L.

2009-01-01

203

Raising the Bar: A Baseline for College and Career Readiness in Our Nation's High School Core Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How well are our nation's high schools preparing students for college and career? Recent analyses by ACT show low rates of college and career readiness among United States high school graduates. Data from postsecondary institutions reveal high remediation rates and low second-year retention rates among first-year college students. Employers lament…

ACT, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

204

Parent-School Relationships and Children's Academic and Social Outcomes in Public School Pre-Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two dimensions of parent-school relationships, parental school involvement and parents' perceptions of teacher responsiveness to child/parent, were examined in state-funded pre-kindergarten classrooms in a large urban school district. Children's social and academic outcomes were individually assessed in the fall and spring. Hierarchical Linear…

Powell, Douglas R.; Son, Seung-Hee; File, Nancy; San Juan, Robert R.

2010-01-01

205

The Interrelationship of School District Expenditures and Student Academic Achievement in Oklahoma Public Elementary School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose and Method of Study. The primary purpose of this quantitative study was to analyze the relationship between school district expenditures and student academic achievement in 102 public elementary school districts in the state of Oklahoma. The secondary purpose was to investigate the relationship between school district expenditures and…

Moore, Glenn M.

2012-01-01

206

Single-Sex Schooling and Academic Attainment at School and through the Lifecourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the impact of single-sex schooling on a range of academic outcomes for a sample of British people born in 1958. In terms of the overall level of qualifications achieved, single-sex schooling is positive for girls at age 16 but neutral for boys, while at later ages, single-sex schooling is neutral for both sexes. However,…

Sullivan, Alice; Joshi, Heather; Leonard, Diana

2010-01-01

207

OFFICE OF ACADEMIC AFFAIRS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE  

E-print Network

the departmental vote. However, these benefits are offset by the potential for a draft to unduly influence (wheth and implement School-wide policy initiatives; and serving as an ad hoc member of the School's Appointments

Kay, Mark A.

208

Rutgers Business School: Undergraduate--Newark Office of Student and Academic Services  

E-print Network

those goals. The Rutgers Business School's academic advisors look forward to collaborating with youRutgers Business School: Undergraduate--Newark Office of Student and Academic Services 1 Washington coursework requires strong dedication and careful academic planning. Academic advisement is not an event

Lin, Xiaodong

209

Head Start Participation and School Readiness: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort December 10, 2012  

PubMed Central

Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n ? 6,950), a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001, we examined school readiness (academic skills and socio-emotional wellbeing) at kindergarten entry for children who attended Head Start compared to those who experienced other types of child care (prekindergarten, other center-based care, other non-parental care, or parental care). Using propensity score matching methods and OLS regressions with rich controls, we found that Head Start participants had higher early reading and math scores than children in other non-parental care or parental care, but also higher levels of conduct problems than those in parental care. Head Start participants had lower early reading scores compared to children in prekindergarten, and had no differences in any outcomes compared to children in other center-based care. Head Start benefits were more pronounced for children who had low initial cognitive ability or low-educated parents, or attended Head Start for more than 20 hours per week. PMID:23527496

Lee, RaeHyuck; Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane

2014-01-01

210

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year One Evaluation Report. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities and…

Maloney, Catherine; Caranikas-Walker, Fanny; Sheehan, Daniel

2007-01-01

211

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Two Evaluation Report. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities…

Maloney, Catherine; Sheehan, Daniel; Rainey, Katie; Whipple, Allyson

2008-01-01

212

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Three Evaluation Report. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary presents findings from the Year 3 evaluation of Texas' state-level Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, grant. GEAR UP grant requirements include an evaluation component designed to assess program effectiveness and to measure progress toward project goals. To this end, the evaluation…

Texas Center for Educational Research, 2010

2010-01-01

213

Students Training for Academic Readiness (STAR): Year Four Evaluation Report. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs, or GEAR UP, project strives to equalize low-income students' access to higher education by increasing their participation in rigorous coursework, providing expanded opportunities for low-income students and parents to learn about postsecondary educational opportunities…

Texas Center for Educational Research, 2011

2011-01-01

214

DC Voice Ready Schools Project Special Report on Facilities Readiness for School Year 2007-2008 in Conjunction with the 21st Century School Fund  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The big District of Columbia Public School (DCPS) school facilities issues right now are the proposed closing of underutilized school buildings and the effects of new grade-level reorganization and consolidations. However, this report focuses on another critical issue--the basic condition of all DCPS school buildings. This special report of the…

21st Century School Fund, 2008

2008-01-01

215

Academically Successful African American Male Urban High School Students' Experiences of Mattering to Others at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mattering to others has been shown to be a key construct of mental health and wellness. Emerging research links interpersonal mattering and school climate. In this study, the authors use transcendental phenomenology to explore how interpersonal mattering impacts the academic achievement of urban African American males who are academically

Tucker, Catherine; Dixon, Andrea; Griddine, Ke'Shana

2010-01-01

216

Readiness Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the academic progress of children who had been recommended for and attended a Readiness program with those children whose parents had declined the Readiness program placement for their children. Participating were 215 students chosen over an 11 year period who had been recommended for a Readiness program and a comparison group…

Geddes, Lucille M.

217

Professional Schools FAS and Academic Services and Academic Support Officers School of Law School of Management School of Medicine  

E-print Network

Departments Berkeley Divinity School New Haven and State Affairs Clinical Affairs African American Studies School of Drama Office of Development Comparative Medicine American Studies Program School of Forestry and Evolutionary Biology Neurology Economic Growth Center Neurosurgery Economics Obstetrics & Gynecology

Haller, Gary L.

218

Neighborhood Social Processes and Academic Achievement in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine how neighborhood characteristics influence academic achievement, data were drawn from a community survey of low-income neighborhoods and linked with data on performance on standardized testing for third-grade students attending elementary schools in those communities. Results of multilevel logistic regressions indicated that probability…

Emory, Ronya; Caughy, Margaret; Harris, T. Robert; Franzini, Luisa

2008-01-01

219

Health Behaviour and Academic Achievement in Icelandic School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in the relationship between health behaviours and academic achievement has recently intensified in the face of an epidemic of childhood and adolescent obesity and converging school reforms in the United States and other nations with advanced economies. Epidemiologic research has demonstrated that poor diet and lack of adequate physical…

Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Allegrante, John P.

2007-01-01

220

Academic Optimism of Schools: A Force for Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have been challenged to go beyond socioeconomic status in the search for school-level characteristics that make a difference in student achievement. The purpose of the present study was to identify a new construct, academic optimism, and then use it to explain student achievement while controlling for socioeconomic status, previous…

Hoy, Wayne K.; Tarter, John C.; Hoy, Anita Woolfolk

2006-01-01

221

School-Based Health Centers and Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Poor academic outcomes and high dropout rates are major concerns of educators, policy makers, and parents alike--and poor health severely limits a child's motivation and ability to learn. Recent research confirms that "health disparities affect educational achievement". Improving students' health is integral to education reform. "School-Based…

National Assembly on School-Based Health Care, 2012

2012-01-01

222

The Relationship between Academic Placement and High School Academic Failure in Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social promotion is defined as the practice of allowing students who failed to meet performance standards and academic requirements the opportunity to pass on to the next grade with their peers. Although the A+ Educational Reform Act abolished the use of the practice, social promotion continues to occur in numerous school districts across one…

Wright, Johnnie M.

2012-01-01

223

First Steps and Further Steps: Early Outcomes and Lessons Learned from South Carolina's School Readiness Initiative, 1999-2002. Program Evaluation Report [and] Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, South Carolina's First Steps to School Readiness was launched as a comprehensive early childhood initiative to improve childrens school readiness by improving the efficiency and coordination of existing services to children from birth to age 5 and their families, and by providing new services where gaps are identified. A legislatively…

Moore, Kristin; Brown, Brett; Halle, Tamara; Pitzer, Lindsay; Calkins, Julia

224

Parent involvement in the academic adjustment of Latino middle and high school youth: teacher expectations and school belonging as mediators.  

PubMed

A path model based in a theory of social capital was tested with Latino middle school (n=195, 58% female, average 13.8 years of age) and high school students (n=129, 64% female, average 16.8 years of age). Most participants (77%) were immigrants (predominantly from Mexico). Questionnaires assessed student perceptions of parent involvement, school belonging, and academic competence. Teachers rated their expectations for student academic attainment and grades were obtained from school records. Perceived school belonging and teacher expectations mediated cross-sectional associations of parent involvement with academic adjustment. Links between parent involvement and academic adjustment were stronger for high school than middle school students. Middle school parent involvement was unrelated to teacher expectations and its indirect effect on school grades was non-significant. Future research should examine the link between middle school parent involvement and teacher expectations and its potential role in increasing Latino youths' school success. PMID:17953983

Kuperminc, Gabriel P; Darnell, Adam J; Alvarez-Jimenez, Anabel

2008-08-01

225

Voices of Teachers in Academic and Vocational Schools: Perceived Consequences of Secondary Education Reform in Egypt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved focus group interviews with 12 experienced Egyptian teachers working in academic and vocational secondary schools, comparing their perspectives on the implications of a 1999 educational reform which converted many vocational/commercial schools to academic schools and sought to reduce the need for extra-school, private tutoring.…

Megahed, Nagwa; Ginsburg, Mark

226

Healthy Schools, Robust Schools and Academic Emphasis as an Organizational Theme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employs a sample of 38 junior high and middle schools to explore a possible relationship between school health and robustness. Multiple regression suggested a positive association between teachers' perceptions of organizational health and environmental robustness. Stress on academics is a predominant organizational theme. (Contains 23 references.)…

Licata, Joseph W.; Harper, Gerald W.

1999-01-01

227

The Effects of Participation in School Instrumental Music Programs on Student Academic Achievement and School Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether or not students that participated in a school sponsored instrumental music program had higher academic achievement and attendance than students that did not participate in a school sponsor instrumental music program. Units of measurement included standardized test scores and attendance, without taking into consideration…

Davenport, Kevin O.

2010-01-01

228

The effects of participation in school instrumental music programs on student academic achievement and school attendance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether or not students that participated in a school sponsored instrumental music program had higher academic achievement and attendance than students that did not participate in a school sponsor instrumental music program. Units of measurement included standardized test scores and attendance, without taking into consideration variables such as gender, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status. This study concentrated on

Kevin O Davenport

2010-01-01

229

Learning through Play for School Readiness: A Training Program for Parents and Other Caregivers of Preschool Children. Learning Games To Strengthen Children's School Readiness Skills. [Videotape with Facilitator's Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This video-based program trains parents and other child caregivers to engage 3- to 5-year-olds in simple, motivating learning games to strengthen cognitive, social, and motor school-readiness skills. The training materials consist of a manual for training facilitators and a training video demonstrating how to play each learning game with preschool…

Singer, Jerome; Singer, Dorothy

230

Self-efficacy and academic achievement in Australian high school students: the mediating effects of academic aspirations and delinquency.  

PubMed

Studies have shown that self-efficacy, aspirational, and other psychosocial influences account for considerable variance in academic achievement through a range of mediational pathways, although no research to date has tested the mediational relationships identified. The present research investigated the structural relations among self-efficacy, academic aspirations, and delinquency, on the academic achievement of 935 students aged 11-18 years from ten schools in two Australian cities. The Children's Self-Efficacy Scale, Adapted Self-Report Delinquency Scale (Revised), and Children's Academic Aspirations Scale were administered to participants prior to academic achievement being assessed using mid-year school grades. Structural equation modeling was employed to test three alternative models for the relationships from academic, social, and self-regulatory efficacy on academic achievement. A partial mediation model showed the best overall fit to the data. Academic and self-regulatory efficacy had an indirect negative effect through delinquency and a direct positive effect on academic achievement. Academic and social self-efficacy had positive and negative relationships, respectively, with academic aspiration and academic achievement; however, the relationship between academic aspiration and academic achievement was not significant in the final model. PMID:19027942

Carroll, Annemaree; Houghton, Stephen; Wood, Robert; Unsworth, Kerrie; Hattie, John; Gordon, Lisa; Bower, Julie

2009-08-01

231

Learning How to Be a Student: An Overview of Instructional Practices Targeting School Readiness Skills for Preschoolers With Autism Spectrum Disorder.  

PubMed

Due to difficulties associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), many children with ASD will require additional support to actively participate in classroom activities. Therefore, it is important that professionals who work with young children with ASD know what skills to teach and how to teach them. Using the recent evidence-based practice review conducted by the National Professional Development Center on ASD, we have identified studies that targeted school readiness behaviors which can have implications for academic skill development. In this article, we evaluate (a) the types of skills that have been taught to preschool children with ASD, (b) the strategies used to teach specific skills, and (c) other descriptive information, such as who delivered the intervention and the setting in which the intervention took place. We conclude by offering suggestions for future research and considerations for professional development. PMID:25261082

Fleury, Veronica P; Thompson, Julie L; Wong, Connie

2014-09-26

232

Removing Roadblocks to Rigor: Linking Academic and Social Supports to Ensure College Readiness and Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned about the lack of focus on students' needs for support in order to meet rigorous academic standards at the secondary and postsecondary levels, the Pathways to College Network--a partnership of national organizations and funders working to improve postsecondary opportunities for underserved populations--is undertaking a national…

Savitz-Romer, Mandy; Jager-Hyman, Joie; Coles, Ann

2009-01-01

233

BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM GUIDE 2009-2010 Academic Year  

E-print Network

BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM GUIDE 2009-2010 Academic Year TIMELINE SUMMARY ..................................................................................3 THE BREN SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM ....................................................4 REQUIRED SCHOOL PH.D. PROGRAM COMMITTEE.......................................................... 4 THE PH

California at Santa Barbara, University of

234

Kindergarten Readiness: Perceptions of Practicing Principals, Pre-K and Kindergarten Teachers of a Rural School District in East Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study examined the perceptions of educational leaders regarding their professional assessments of kindergarten screenings, registrations and educational practices relating to the readiness of children to do school work before they enter kindergarten. This examination finds shared commonalities between educational leaders from a…

Odom-Bible, Ginger L.

2011-01-01

235

Effects of Preschool Curriculum Programs on School Readiness. Report from the Preschool Curriculum Evaluation Research Initiative. NCER 2008-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of preschool curricula is available and in widespread use, however, there is a lack of evidence from rigorous evaluations regarding the effects of these curricula on children's school readiness. The lack of such information is important as early childhood center-based programs have been a major, sometimes the sole, component of a number…

National Center for Education Research, 2008

2008-01-01

236

Mother-Child Conversations at 36 Months and at Pre-Kindergarten: Relations to Children's School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contributions of mothers' and children's oral language to children's school readiness were longitudinally examined among 75 low-income mothers and children. When children were 36 months, mothers' and children's lexical diversity, mothers' wh-questions, and children's PPVT-III scores were assessed from play interactions. At pre-kindergarten,…

Cristofaro, Tonia N.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.

2012-01-01

237

The E-Learning Readiness of Cyprus Primary Teachers Ahead of Dias System Integration into Cyprus Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study aimed to evaluate the e-learning readiness of Cyprus's primary teachers ahead of DIAS web-platform integration into Cyprus's schools. The Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture (MOEC) aims through DIAS to enhance the integration of e-learning in all areas of the curriculum in primary and secondary education. As the effective…

Hadjiathanasiou, Panayiota

2009-01-01

238

Predicting School Readiness from Neurodevelopmental Assessments at Age 2 Years after Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Infants Born Preterm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: To determine whether neurodevelopmental outcomes at the age of 2 years accurately predict school readiness in children who survived respiratory distress syndrome after preterm birth. Method: Our cohort included 121 preterm infants who received surfactant and ventilation and were enrolled in a randomized controlled study of inhaled nitric…

Patrianakos-Hoobler, Athena I.; Msall, Michael E.; Huo, Dezheng; Marks, Jeremy D.; Plesha-Troyke, Susan; Schreiber, Michael D.

2010-01-01

239

High School Braille Readers: Achieving Academic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of five teachers of students with visual impairments and 10 students found that teachers spent 4 hour per week in preparing for these students, there was a significant use of transcribers to help prepare the student materials, and students felt reasonably satisfied with their high school experience. (Contains three references.) (CR)

Leigh, Stephanie A.; Barclay, Lizabeth A.

2000-01-01

240

Preschool Center Quality and School Readiness: Quality Effects and Variation by Demographic and Child Characteristics  

PubMed Central

This article examines associations between observed quality in preschool center classrooms for approximately 6,250 three- to five-year-olds and their school readiness skills at kindergarten entry. Secondary analyses were conducted using data from four large-scale studies to estimate the effects of preschool center quality and interactions between quality and demographic characteristics and child entry skills and behaviors. Findings were summarized across studies using meta-analytic methods. Results indicate small, but statistically significant associations for preschool center quality main effects on language and mathematics outcomes with little evidence of moderation by demographic characteristics or child entry skills and behaviors. Preschool center quality was not reliably related to socioemotional outcomes. The authors discuss possible explanations for the small effect sizes and lack of differential effects. PMID:23331043

Keys, Tran D.; Farkas, George; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Vandell, Deborah L.; Li, Weilin; Ruzek, Erik A.; Howes, Carollee

2014-01-01

241

Collaborating for Academic Success: A Tri-Institutional Information Literacy Program for High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a nearly decade-long partnership between three institutions representing school, public, and academic settings in Westchester County, New York. The program, designed to improve the academic performance of local high school students, is unique due to the extensive contact students have with academic librarians during the…

Angell, Katelyn; Tewell, Eamon

2013-01-01

242

School Nurse Case Management for Children with Chronic Illness: Health, Academic, and Quality of Life Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More children with chronic illnesses are attending school, and some of them struggle academically because of issues related to their health. School-based case management has been suggested as one strategy to improve the academic success of these children. This study tracked the academic, health, and quality of life outcomes for 114 children with…

Engelke, Martha Keehner; Guttu, Martha; Warren, Michelle B.; Swanson, Melvin

2008-01-01

243

Academic Optimism and Organizational Climate: An Elementary School Effectiveness Test of Two Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship of two climate constructs in academic optimism and organizational climate as each relates to school effectiveness. Academic optimism is an academic environment comprised of three dimensions: academic emphasis, collective efficacy, and faculty trust (Hoy, Tarter, & Hoy, 2006). The Organizational Climate Index…

Reeves, Jonathan Bart

2010-01-01

244

Assessing Effectiveness and Efficiency of Academic Interventions in School Psychology Journals: 1995-2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews research in the four major school psychology journals: "Journal of School Psychology," "Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology Quarterly," and "School Psychology Review." The function of the review was to provide school psychologists with a summary of academic interventions published through years 1995-2005, synthesize…

Bramlett, Ron; Cates, Gary L.; Savina, Elena; Lauinger, Brittni

2010-01-01

245

Healthy & Ready to Learn: Examining the Efficacy of an Early Approach to Obesity Prevention and School Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collision of the childhood obesity epidemic with pressure to achieve high academic standards is of serious concern in the United States. Growing numbers of low-income, minority children face double jeopardy as alarming obesity rates further widen existing achievement gaps. Health and education disparities persist when children enter…

Winter, Suzanne M.; Sass, Daniel A.

2011-01-01

246

Observed Emotional and Behavioral Indicators of Motivation Predict School Readiness in Head Start Graduates.  

PubMed

Emotions and behaviors observed during challenging tasks are hypothesized to be valuable indicators of young children's motivation, the assessment of which may be particularly important for children at risk for school failure. The current study demonstrated reliability and concurrent validity of a new observational assessment of motivation in young children. Head Start graduates completed challenging puzzle and trivia tasks during their kindergarten year. Children's emotion expression and task engagement were assessed based on their observed facial and verbal expressions and behavioral cues. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that observed persistence and shame predicted teacher ratings of children's academic achievement, whereas interest, anxiety, pride, shame, and persistence predicted children's social skills and learning-related behaviors. Children's emotional and behavioral responses to challenge thus appeared to be important indicators of school success. Observation of such responses may be a useful and valid alternative to self-report measures of motivation at this age. PMID:21949599

Berhenke, Amanda; Miller, Alison L; Brown, Eleanor; Seifer, Ronald; Dickstein, Susan

2011-01-01

247

Observed Emotional and Behavioral Indicators of Motivation Predict School Readiness in Head Start Graduates  

PubMed Central

Emotions and behaviors observed during challenging tasks are hypothesized to be valuable indicators of young children's motivation, the assessment of which may be particularly important for children at risk for school failure. The current study demonstrated reliability and concurrent validity of a new observational assessment of motivation in young children. Head Start graduates completed challenging puzzle and trivia tasks during their kindergarten year. Children's emotion expression and task engagement were assessed based on their observed facial and verbal expressions and behavioral cues. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that observed persistence and shame predicted teacher ratings of children's academic achievement, whereas interest, anxiety, pride, shame, and persistence predicted children's social skills and learning-related behaviors. Children's emotional and behavioral responses to challenge thus appeared to be important indicators of school success. Observation of such responses may be a useful and valid alternative to self-report measures of motivation at this age. PMID:21949599

Berhenke, Amanda; Miller, Alison L.; Brown, Eleanor; Seifer, Ronald; Dickstein, Susan

2011-01-01

248

The Psychosocial Functioning of High School Students in Academically Rigorous Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study determined whether students who take part in academically challenging high school curricula experience elevated levels of stress and whether this stress co-occurs with psychological and/or academic problems. Data from self-report questionnaires and school records were collected from 480 students from four high schools.…

Suldo, Shannon M.; Shaunessy-Dedrick, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

249

Comparing Self-Regulatory and Early Academic Skills as Predictors of Later Math, Reading, and Science Elementary School Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The achievement score gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged children at school entry is a major problem in education today. Identifying the skills critical for school readiness is an important step in developing interventions aimed at addressing these score gaps. The purpose of this study is to compare a number of school readiness skills with an eye toward finding out which

William M. Murrah III

2010-01-01

250

Effects of Home and School Computer Use on School Readiness and Cognitive Development among Head Start Children: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 122 Head Start children were analyzed to examine the impact of computer use on school readiness and psychomotor skills. Children in the experimental group were given the opportunity to work on a computer for 15-20 minutes per day with their choice of developmentally appropriate educational software, while the control group received a…

Li, Xiaoming; Atkins, Melissa S.; Stanton, Bonita

2006-01-01

251

Neighborhood crime and school climate as predictors of elementary school academic quality: a cross-lagged panel analysis.  

PubMed

Past research has found negative relationships between neighborhood structural disadvantage and students' academic outcomes. Comparatively little work has evaluated the associations between characteristics of neighborhoods and schools themselves. This study explored the longitudinal, reciprocal relationships between neighborhood crime and school-level academic achievement within 500 urban schools. Results revealed that higher neighborhood crime (and particularly violent crime) predicted decreases in school academic achievement across time. School climate emerged as one possible mechanism within this relationship, with higher neighborhood crime predicting decreases in socioemotional learning and safety, but not academic rigor. All three dimensions of school climate were predictive of changes in academic achievement. Although this research supports a primarily unidirectional hypothesis of neighborhoods' impacts on embedded settings, additional work is needed to understand these relationships using additional conceptualizations of neighborhood climate. PMID:23764745

McCoy, Dana Charles; Roy, Amanda L; Sirkman, Gabriel M

2013-09-01

252

Measuring the academic, social, and psychological effects of academic service learning on middle school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an academic service learning project on ninth-grade students' science achievement and attitudes. A quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used with four classes of one teacher in a rural school. The treatment was an Energy Fair service project. Two treatment classes that were chosen by random assignment (n = 58) were compared to two control classes (n = 64), who performed an alternative assignment. The Energy Fair was conducted for the elementary school students and on a limited basis for fellow students (peers). The academic effect was measured by a teacher-designed end-of-unit ecology test, with a subset of the questions on energy use. Psychological effects were measured by a self-esteem questionnaire, which measured both self-esteem and the satisfaction felt about one's self-esteem. Social effects were measured by three semantic differentials, one each for "adults," "peers," and "elementary students." The teacher was interviewed regarding her observations about the project. Written reflections from both the treatment and control groups were coded and analyzed. Pretest results were divided into thirds of high, medium, and low for all variables to search for the possibility of an attribute-treatment interaction. Analysis of covariance was used to reduce the possibility of pretest bias, to test for significant effects, and to test for a level by treatment interaction. Although the posttest means favored the experimental group, no statistically significant difference was found for academic results. No significant effect was found for either of the psychological measures. No change was found for the social results regarding "adults." A statistically significant effect was found for social results in the categories of "elementary students" and "peers." No statistically significant level by treatment interaction was found. Further research on the effects of academic service learning projects is needed at the middle school level, in all disciplines, and containing service of a longer duration and intensity.

Giacalone, Valarie A.

253

Relations between Student Perceptions of Their School Environment and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined student perceptions of their school environment (specifically, safety and inclusion in the school, experiences being bullied, and clear expectations for behaviour) and their relation with academic achievement at the school level. Participants were students in 969 elementary schools and 73 middle schools who took part in a…

Gietz, Carmen; McIntosh, Kent

2014-01-01

254

Progress in Student Academic Achievement: Evaluation of New City Charter School in 2008-09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes New City Charter School student achievement in the 2008-09 school year, the school's sixth operating year. The number of students enrolled in the school was 125, an increase from 60 students enrolled the first year of the school. Student academic achievement is measured using the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement…

Gozali-Lee, Edith

2010-01-01

255

College and Career Readiness in the Middle Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and implementation of a comprehensive and systemic career development program, The Career Institute, provided the mechanism through which one school community addressed students' career development and college readiness needs while also attending to their academic and personal-social development. The Career Institute consisted of a…

Schaefer, Mary Beth; Rivera, Lourdes M.

2012-01-01

256

Adolescent Academic Achievement and School Engagement: An Examination of the Role of School-Wide Peer Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During adolescence, peer groups present an important venue for socializing school-related behaviors such as academic achievement and school engagement. While a significant body of research emphasizes the link between a youth's immediate peer group and academic outcomes, the current manuscript expands on this idea, proposing that, in addition to…

Lynch, Alicia Doyle; Lerner, Richard M.; Leventhal, Tama

2013-01-01

257

Inspiring Academically Talented High School Students to Consider Teaching Careers in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses a unique effort to implement a summer residential program that identifies and inspires potential educators by reaching down the pipeline to academically talented high school students. The primary goal of the program was to introduce participants to various dimensions of urban teaching. The research and evaluation for the…

Brooks, Wanda; Kaimal, Girija; Savage, Lorraine; Gonzaga, Adele

2012-01-01

258

An Analysis of the Academic Achievement of Indian High School Students in Federal and Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study was designed to determine whether there were significant differences in academic achievement between senior high American Indian students in Federal on-reservation, Federal off-reservation, public on-reservation, and public off-reservation schools. The purpose of the study was to gather a variety of data on psychological and…

Bass, Willard P.

259

Creating Change in Academic Self-Concept and School Behavior in Alienated Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A described intervention evaluates the effect of both a psychology course and the active service component of tutoring upon alienated underachieving adolescents and the elementary school pupils who receive their services. Results indicate that both the class and tutoring effectively improved the academic self-concept of the students. (Author/PN)

Zeeman, Roger D.

1982-01-01

260

Head Start and Urban Children’s School Readiness: A Birth Cohort Study in 18 Cities  

PubMed Central

We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social competence and reduced attention problems but not reduced internalizing or externalizing behavior problems. These findings were robust to model specifications (including models with city-fixed effects and propensity-scoring matching). Furthermore, the effects of Head Start varied by the reference group. Head Start was associated with improved cognitive development when compared with parental care or other nonparental care, as well as improved social competence (compared with parental care) and reduced attention problems (compared with other nonparental care). In contrast, compared with attendance at pre-kindergarten or other center-based care, Head Start attendance was not associated with cognitive gains but with improved social competence and reduced attention and externalizing behavior problems (compared with attendance at other center-based care). These associations were not moderated by child gender or race/ethnicity. PMID:21244155

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2011-01-01

261

Head Start and urban children's school readiness: a birth cohort study in 18 cities.  

PubMed

We used longitudinal data from a birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to investigate the links between Head Start and school readiness in a large and diverse sample of urban children at age 5 (N = 2,803; 18 cities). We found that Head Start attendance was associated with enhanced cognitive ability and social competence and reduced attention problems but not reduced internalizing or externalizing behavior problems. These findings were robust to model specifications (including models with city-fixed effects and propensity-scoring matching). Furthermore, the effects of Head Start varied by the reference group. Head Start was associated with improved cognitive development when compared with parental care or other nonparental care, as well as improved social competence (compared with parental care) and reduced attention problems (compared with other nonparental care). In contrast, compared with attendance at pre-kindergarten or other center-based care, Head Start attendance was not associated with cognitive gains but with improved social competence and reduced attention and externalizing behavior problems (compared with attendance at other center-based care). These associations were not moderated by child gender or race/ethnicity. PMID:21244155

Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane

2011-01-01

262

Collective Responsibility, Academic Optimism, and Student Achievement in Taiwan Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research indicates that collective efficacy, faculty trust in students and parents, and academic emphasis together formed a single latent school construct, called academic optimism. In the U.S., academic optimism has been proven to be a powerful construct that could effectively predict student achievement even after controlling for…

Wu, Hsin-Chieh

2012-01-01

263

Effect of Students' After-School Activities on Teachers' Academic Expectancies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher expectancies can have an impact on students' academic achievement. These expectancies can be based on diverse student characteristics, only one of which is past academic performance. The present study investigated three student individual differences that teachers may use when forming academic expectancies: the sex of the student, the family socioeconomic status (SES) of the student, and the student's after-school

Jill C. Van Matre; Jeffrey C. Valentine; Harris Cooper

2000-01-01

264

Victimization and academic achievement at school: The role of psychosocial mediators and moderators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study sought to examine the relationship between victimization by peers in middle school and academic outcomes. it was expected that an association between the experience of victimization and diminished academic performance would be mediated by poor psychological outcomes, as measured by moodiness, depression, anxiety, and anger. additionally, it was hypothesized that academic outcomes could be divided into two

Christine Marie Wienke Totura

2005-01-01

265

The Impact of Dual and Articulated Credit on College Readiness and Retention in Four Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Astin's I-E-O model, relationships among the input (I) variables of gender, high school percentile rank, Tech Prep participation, and high school course-taking; environmental (E) variables of academic, career and technical education (CTE), and total dual credit and articulated credit; and output (O) variables of college readiness and total…

Kim, JoHyun; Bragg, Debra D.

2008-01-01

266

Moving Beyond High School Expectations: Examining Stakeholders' Responsibility for Increasing Latina/o Students' College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to improve college readiness for Latina/o students, this article examines the meaning and significance of college readiness among multiple stakeholders (teachers, counselors, parents, students, and superintendents) in the South Texas border region. Using focus group data, this article explores the assets embedded within college…

Yamamura, Erica K.; Martinez, Melissa A.; Saenz, Victor B.

2010-01-01

267

Measuring Readiness to Respond to Intervention in Students Attending Disciplinary Alternative Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor structure, internal consistency, and reliability of the Readiness to Respond to Intervention Scale (RRIS), which is designed to assess adolescents' readiness to change. This measure is based on the Stage of Change Scale and assesses three stages of the Stage of Change Model (i.e.,…

Mitchell, Angela D.; Booker, Kimberly W.; Strain, Jeffrey D.

2011-01-01

268

Urban High School Students' Experiences in an Afterschool College Readiness Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This transcendental phenomenological investigation examined urban students' experiences in Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP), an afterschool college readiness program. The federally funded program provides low-income and minority students information and access to services that lead to increased…

Parikh, Sejal B.

2013-01-01

269

Establishment and Maintenance of Academic Optimism in Michigan Elementary Schools: Academic Emphasis, Faculty Trust of Students and Parents, Collective Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to heightened standards and calls for accountability, schools have dramatically intensified their work to meet the growing challenges. Schools require strategies for improvement that will transcend demographic factors such as SES. Research has shown the construct of academic optimism as contributing to student achievement despite a…

Van Hof, Jill

2012-01-01

270

A Person-Centered Investigation of Academic Motivation and Its Correlates in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a person-centered approach to identify naturally occurring combinations of intrinsic motivation and controlled forms of extrinsic motivation (i.e., introjected and external regulation) and their correlates in an academic context. 1061 high school students completed measures of academic motivation, performance, and school-related…

Wormington, Stephanie V.; Corpus, Jennifer Henderlong; Anderson, Kristen G.

2012-01-01

271

SUCCESSFUL AFRICAN-AMERICAN MATHEMATICS STUDENTS IN ACADEMICALLY UNACCEPTABLE HIGH SCHOOLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine the reasons why successful math- ematics students have been able to thrive in schools labeled academically unacceptable and why they have chosen to stay in these academically unacceptable schools despite having the option to leave. Qualitative methods including group interviews, individual interviews, and open-ended questionnaires were used to address the above issues. The study involved

PETER SHEPPARD

272

Promoting Academic Literacy with Technology: Successful Laptop Programs in K-12 Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the main challenges that US schools face in educating English language learners is developing their academic literacy. This paper presents case studies of two K-12 schools that successfully employ high-technology environments, including laptop computers for each student, toward the development of English language learners' academic language…

Warschauer, Mark; Grant, David; Del Real, Gabriel; Rousseau, Michele

2004-01-01

273

Practitioners' Conceptions of Academic Talent and Giftedness: Essential Factors in Deciding Classroom and School Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experts have developed varying, and sometimes conflicting, conceptions of academic talent and giftedness. Classroom and school composition often are tied to these conceptions of academic talent and giftedness, and magnet and charter schools select certain students who best "ft" their particular conception of giftedness. Educators' perceptions and…

Schroth, Stephen T.; Helfer, Jason A.

2009-01-01

274

Turning around Reading Achievement: Predictors of High School Students' Academic Resilience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a national, longitudinal database, factors were examined that enabled public school students on a path toward failure to significantly improve reading achievement by high school graduation. Being Caucasian and female, having an internal locus of control, and taking an academic curriculum independently predicted academic resilience.…

Cappella, Elise; Weinstein, Rhona S.

2001-01-01

275

Examining Relationships among Enabling School Structures, Academic Optimism and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among enabling school structures, academic optimism, and organizational citizenship behaviors. Additionally, it sought to determine if academic optimism served as a mediator between enabling school structures and organizational citizenship behaviors. Three existing survey instruments, previously tested for…

Messick, Penelope Pope

2012-01-01

276

25 CFR 36.20 - Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar. 36.20 Section 36.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...36.20 Standard V—Minimum academic programs/school calendar. (a) If an emergency arises from an...

2012-04-01

277

25 CFR 36.20 - Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar. 36.20 Section 36.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...36.20 Standard V—Minimum academic programs/school calendar. (a) If an emergency arises from an...

2013-04-01

278

25 CFR 36.20 - Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar. 36.20 Section 36.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...36.20 Standard V—Minimum academic programs/school calendar. (a) If an emergency arises from an...

2011-04-01

279

25 CFR 36.20 - Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Standard V-Minimum academic programs/school calendar. 36.20 Section 36.20 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...36.20 Standard V—Minimum academic programs/school calendar. (a) If an emergency arises from an...

2014-04-01

280

A Case Study of Students Entering an Early College High School: Changes in Academic Behavior Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to learn more about the transition experiences of one group of high school students (N = 75) as they began attending one alternative pathway: an Early College High School program on a community college campus. A four-part conceptual framework of college readiness provided a structure from which to explore the…

Healy, James J.

2009-01-01

281

Communication Disorders in the School: Perspectives on Academic and Social Success an Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The critical role of communication in schools cannot be understated. Communication skills are a necessity both in the academic and social atmosphere of the school environment. Unfortunately, there are a large number of children in the schools today identified with speech and language disorders. This special edition of "Psychology in the Schools"…

Thatcher, Karen L.; Fletcher, Kathryn; Decker, Blair

2008-01-01

282

The Effects of School Membership on Academic and Behavioral Performance of At-Risk Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between the perceptions of school membership, risk factors, and school outcomes among a sample of alternative school students. The study subjects were 48 7th-9th graders who were at high risk for school failure because of their serious and chronic behavioral and academic problems. All…

Ahn, Sunyoung

2010-01-01

283

Hierarchical Linear Modelling of Student and School Effects on Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hierarchical linear modelling (HLM) and data from the New Brunswick School Climate Study were used to examine student background, school context, and school climate effects on Grade 6 student achievement in mathematics, science, reading, and writing. Gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and Native ethnicity were significant predictors of academic achievement. Schools showed the smallest variation in reading, the largest in mathematics.

Xin Ma; Don A. Klinger

2000-01-01

284

The Frog Pond Revisited: High School Academic Context, Class Rank, and Elite College Admission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors test a "frog-pond" model of elite college admission proposed by Attewell, operationalizing high school academic context as the secondary school-average SAT score and number of Advanced Placement tests per high school senior. Data on more than 45,000 applications to three elite universities show that a high school's…

Espenshade, Thomas J.; Hale, Lauren E.; Chung, Chang Y.

2005-01-01

285

2013-2014 Student/Academic Calendar Kennedy Krieger High School  

E-print Network

2013-2014 Student/Academic Calendar Kennedy Krieger High School 3825 Greenspring Avenue Baltimore, MD 21211 Phone for the High School: 443-923-7800 1 4 July 2013 First day of summer program for 11 month students (no school on Fridays) 4th of July ­ No School For Students 1 26 August 2013 Last Day

Pevsner, Jonathan

286

Long-Term Follow Up of CSRP: Understanding Students' Academic Achievement Post-Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this poster presentation, the authors examine the impact of Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) on students' academic achievement in elementary school. First, they provide upper- and lower-bound estimates of the impact of CSRP on students' academic achievement, taking into account their subsequent nonrandom selection into higher versus…

Lennon, Jaclyn M.; Li-Grining, Christine; Raver, C. Cybele; Pess, Rachel A.

2011-01-01

287

Colorado School of Mines Student Appeal Process for Academic Misconduct Violations This appeal process governs all requests for appeal related to violations of Academic Misconduct.  

E-print Network

1 Colorado School of Mines Student Appeal Process for Academic Misconduct Violations This appeal process governs all requests for appeal related to violations of Academic Misconduct. However, grade appeals, residency appeals, student conduct appeals, and appeals related to research misconduct

288

A Study of African American Male Students' Academic Achievement and School Attitude in an Urban Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the signing of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001, much emphasis has been placed on the accountability of schools and school districts to ensure higher academic achievement of all students. The achievement gap remains among African American male students in urban school districts. This purposed quantitative study explored the relationship…

Mohamed, Roslyn J. F. Billy

2013-01-01

289

Academic Success for Students of Color . . . At What Cost? The Importance of School Context at Birch High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kiara, an African American rising freshman, has aspirations to become a medical doctor. She enrolls at Birch High School because of the reputation of the principal, Mr. Brown, whose vision for academic excellence permeates every corner of the school. Kiara graduates from high school with top honors, but realizes her success may have come at a…

Chambers, Terah T. Venzant; Tabron, Lolita A.

2013-01-01

290

A Study of Well-Being and School Satisfaction among Academically Talented Students Attending a Science High School in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether academically talented adolescents attending a residential science high school in Korea had different levels of psychological well-being or school life satisfaction than their high-ability peers in regular high schools. The participating high-ability students (n=299) were in their second year of high…

Jin, Suk-Un; Moon, Sidney M.

2006-01-01

291

The Influence of Cognitive Autonomy and Learning Environments on Student Academic Performance: An investigation of the relationships between levels of cognitive autonomy, aspects of school learning environments and academic performance at the ninth-grade level  

E-print Network

academic success. Cognitive autonomy may influence academic achievementacademic success, and (c) to establish a relationship between school climate, cognitive autonomy, and academic achievement.success in the system is measure by student academic achievement.

Domenichelli, Cheryl Alexander

2011-01-01

292

Year-Round School versus Traditional School: The Impact of Academic Calendars on Student Achievement at Selected Elementary Schools in North Central South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact that a year-round school calendar and a traditional school calendar may have on student achievement at selected elementary schools in North Central South Carolina. Specifically it investigated mean differences in academic achievement between elementary students at two year-round schools versus two traditional…

Lindsay-Brown, Sandra J.

2010-01-01

293

Should Schools Be Optimistic? An Investigation of the Association between Academic Optimism of Schools and Student Achievement in Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic emphasis, collective efficacy, and faculty trust in students and parents (3 school characteristics positively associated with student achievement) are assumed to form a higher order latent construct, "academic optimism" (Hoy, Tarter, & Woolfolk Hoy, 2006a, 2006b). The aim of the present study is to corroborate the latent…

Boonen, Tinneke; Pinxten, Maarten; Van Damme, Jan; Onghena, Patrick

2014-01-01

294

A Preliminary Research on Middle School Students' Academic Subjective Well-Being and Its Major Influential Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is conducted with self-developed questionnaire on 910 middle school students, aimed at describing middle school students' academic subjective well-being and exploring its influential factors. Results show that (1) Academic subjective well-being of middle school students is generally low and there exist differences in different schools

Liu, Dianzhi; Zhang, Ronghua

2006-01-01

295

Traumatic Brain Injury in School-Age Children Academic and Social Outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

School-aged children with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) require extraordinary effort and energy from individuals in their school, home, and community. The purpose of this study was to examine the academic, behavioral, and social outcomes of a cohort of children and adolescents following TBI. A comprehensive assessment of cognitive functioning, achievement, and adaptive behavior was administered to 43 school-aged children

Elsa Arroyos-Jurado; Jane S Paulsen; Kenneth W Merrell; Scott D Lindgren; Jeffrey E Max

2000-01-01

296

The Impact of Teacher Furloughs on Academic Achievement in Hawaii Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to budget shortfalls, teacher furloughs were imposed in 2009 in Hawaii Public Schools. The furloughs resulted in a 2009-2010 school year of 167 days as opposed to the regular school year of 180 days. The purpose of this causal-comparative study with a pretest-posttest design was to examine the found effects of those furloughs on academic

Soares, Katina M.

2013-01-01

297

Addressing the Academic and Social Needs of Young Male Students through School-Based Mentoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed the problem within the U.S. public school system to sustainably meet the academic and social needs of its African American male students. The administrative team of the elementary school in this study desired an evaluation of a school-based male mentoring program that was designed to address these needs. The program, Gentlemen…

Alston, Curtis E.

2013-01-01

298

Sports Bounce GPAs: The Relationship between Athletic Involvement and Academic Performance in High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As schools and school districts continue to face budget reductions, school officials must thoroughly evaluate and determine from which programs to decrease funding. Athletic programs are one area that has received much scrutiny for receiving these cuts. If research reveals a significant relationship between athletic involvement and academic

Filsinger, Lora C.

2012-01-01

299

IU School of Informatics, IUPUI, Policy on Cash Bonuses for Academic Appointees  

E-print Network

IU School of Informatics, IUPUI, Policy on Cash Bonuses for Academic Appointees Approved 11. Bonuses will be based on excellence, as defined in the documents Indiana University School of Informatics Promotion and Tenure Guidelines and the IU School of Informatics Statement of Salary Policy. Excellence

Zhou, Yaoqi

300

Students' Coping with Academic and Social Stress in an Inner-City Middle School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings of several studies designed to examine students' coping processes in relation to stressful academic and social situations in the school environment. The setting for these studies was an inner-city intermediate school with approximately 423 students in the 1984-85 school year. Over 95 percent of the students were…

Fahs, Mary Ellen

301

Coming to America for Spiritual or Academic Growth? Experiences of International Students at One Christian School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of international students flocking to North American private Christian schools has continued to grow. The author examined the overall experiences of 67 international high school students studying at a private Christian school in South Carolina. Their frustrations and struggles with academic and spiritual growth in a new cross-cultural…

Yin, Lishu

2013-01-01

302

Academic Help Seeking and Peer Interactions of High School Girls in Computer Science Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through interviews and classroom observations, this study investigated the academic help-seeking and interactions of high school girls with their computer science classmates in both a private school and a public school setting. The study explored five aspects of this help-seeking interaction: (1) females as a gender minority in computer science;…

Oberman, Paul S.

303

Education through Occupations in American High Schools. Volume I. Approaches to Integrating Academic and Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the following papers examining approaches to integrating high school vocational and academic curricula in U.S. high schools to provide education through occupations: "Resolving the Paradox of the High School" (W. Norton Grubb); "'The Cunning Hand, the Cultured Mind': Sources of Support for Curriculum Integration" (W. Norton…

Grubb, W. Norton, Ed.

304

Profiles of School Adaptation: Social, Behavioral and Academic Functioning in Sexually Abused Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The short-term outcomes of child sexual abuse (CSA) on academic, behavioral and social adaptation at school were examined in order to: (1) document the proportion of sexually abused (SA) girls struggling in school and define the nature of their difficulties, (2) explore whether different profiles of school adaptation could be…

Daignault, Isabelle V.; Hebert, Martine

2009-01-01

305

Foreign Language Education, Academic Performance, and Socioeconomic Status: A Study of California Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines various features of foreign language program offerings at 220 public high schools in California. Foreign language program features were examined in relation to the school's Academic Performance Index (API), the school's socioeconomic status (percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch), and percentage of…

Sung, Hyekyung; Padilla, Amado M.; Silva, Duarte M.

2006-01-01

306

School-Based Health Centers and Academic Performance: Research, Challenges, and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-based health centers (SBHCs) provide physical and mental health services on school campuses to improve student health status, and thereby potentially facilitate student academic success. With a growing emphasis on school accountability and the simultaneous dwindling of resources at the federal, state, and local levels, SBHCs face increasing…

Geierstanger, Sara Peterson; Amaral, Gorette; Mansour, Mona; Walters, Susan Russell

2004-01-01

307

Relations with parents and school and Chinese adolescents' self-concept, delinquency, and academic performance.  

PubMed

Current research and theory have suggested that the relational domains of family and school experiences are important to children's development. The present study thus examined how relations with parents and school were related to Chinese students' psychosocial and cognitive development in self-concept, delinquency, and academic performance. A total of 1668 secondary school students were studied, and results showed that better relation with parents was associated with higher general, academic, appearance, social, and physical ability self-concepts. Better relation with school was associated with higher academic performance, as shown in higher class rank, higher grand total exam scores, and higher scores in Chinese, English, mathematics, physical education, and music. Both poorer relations with parents and school were found to associate with more self-reported delinquency as well as more school records of misconduct. PMID:1637685

Lau, S; Leung, K

1992-06-01

308

Root Shock Revisited: Perspectives of Early Head Start Mothers on Community and Policy Environments and Their Effects on Child Health, Development, and School Readiness  

PubMed Central

Racial differences in school readiness are a form of health disparity. By examining, from the perspective of low-income minority families participating in an Early Head Start study, community and policy environments as they shape and inform lived experiences, we identified several types of social and economic dislocation that undermine the efforts of parents to ready their children for school. The multiple dislocations of community triggered by housing and welfare reform and “urban renewal” are sources of stress for parents and children and affect the health and development of young children. Our findings suggest that racial differences in school readiness result not from race but from poverty and structural racism in American society. PMID:19059871

McAllister, Carol L.; Thomas, Tammy L.; Green, Beth L.

2009-01-01

309

Mediational Role of Academic Motivation in the Association between School Self-Concept and School Achievement among Indian Adolescents in Canada and India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the mediational role of academic motivation in the association between school self-concept and school achievement among 355 Indian immigrant adolescents in Canada and 363 Indian adolescents in India. Surveys were administered among Grades 9-12 students in Canada and India to assess their academic self-concepts, academic

Areepattamannil, Shaljan

2012-01-01

310

College and Career Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seriousness of the readiness gap--the gap between being fully credentialed and fully prepared--is the reason why the Forum for Youth Investment started the Ready by 21 partnership and the reason why American Association of School Administrators (AASA) joined. Numerous organizations and associations interested in the K-12 system's end…

Pittman, Karen J.

2010-01-01

311

Beyond Preparation: Identity, Cultural Capital, and Readiness for Graduate School in the Biomedical Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we conducted in-depth interviews with 52 college graduates as they entered a Postbaccalaureate Research Education Program (PREP). Our goal was to investigate what it means for these aspiring scientists, most of whom are from groups underrepresented in the sciences, to feel ready to apply to a doctoral program in the biomedical…

Gazley, J. Lynn; Remich, Robin; Naffziger-Hirsch, Michelle E.; Keller, Jill; Campbell, Patricia B.; McGee, Richard

2014-01-01

312

The Readiness Agenda: Texas Aligns High School, Entry-Level College Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lot of hope is riding on a little document in the big state of Texas. Educators and policymakers who have long agonized over how the Lone Star State's low college-going rate and its high remediation rate are charting a course they hope will lead to better outcomes. This article discusses the Texas College and Career Readiness Standards as a key…

Gewertz, Catherine

2009-01-01

313

Using School Readiness Data to Make a Difference in Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Kansas Kindergarten Readiness Project was a three-year study to determine the skills children possess when entering kindergarten and the results of kindergarten teacher practices on further learning. Children who entered kindergarten with higher skills maintained that advantage over other children into 3rd grade. Certain teacher practices,…

Stuber, Gayle M.; Patrick, M. Renee

2010-01-01

314

Contextual Influences on Sources of Academic Self-Efficacy: A Validation with Secondary School Students of Kerala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the theorized sources of Academic Self-Efficacy among the higher secondary school students of Kerala, India. Mastery Experience in the form of Academic Achievement, vicarious experience in the form of School Image and Social Persuasion in the form of Parental Encouragement are included as the predictor variables of Academic

Gafoor, K. Abdul; Ashraf, P. Muhammed

2012-01-01

315

Locus of Control, Interest in Schooling and Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Academic Achievement among Junior Secondary School Students in Osun State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Academic achievement is interestingly an important issue; a fundamental premium upon which all teaching-learning activities are measured using some criteria of excellence e.g. good academic performance, poor academic performance and academic failure. Aims: This study examines locus of control, interest in schooling and self-efficacy as…

Tella, Adeyinka; Tella, Adedeji; Adeniyi, Sam Olufemi

2011-01-01

316

A longitudinal study of school connectedness and academic outcomes across sixth grade.  

PubMed

The current longitudinal study examines the extent to which school connectedness (i.e., students' perceptions of school support and the number of adults with whom they have a positive relationship) is associated with academic outcomes across sixth grade for students from high poverty neighborhoods. Data were collected from 330 sixth-grade students attending two middle schools in a large public school district. Specifically, students completed a survey to assess their perceived connection to the school environment, and academic information regarding students' grades, attendance, and discipline referrals was obtained from school records. Results from latent growth curve modeling showed that, on average, students' perceptions of school support declined significantly across the sixth-grade year. However, students who reported less decline, or growth, in school support across sixth grade had higher academic achievement at the end of the year than students who reported more decline in school support. Sixth-grade boys were at a greater risk for negative outcomes (i.e., lower school support, lower GPAs, and more discipline referrals) across the school year than girls. Results point to the importance of perceived connectedness to school in helping economically disadvantaged students experience a safe and successful transition to middle school. PMID:22710015

Niehaus, Kate; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Rakes, Christopher R

2012-08-01

317

Academic Performance and Substance Use: Findings from a State Survey of Public High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Previous investigations have shown that low academic achievers are more likely to smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol, and use marijuana and other illicit drugs. This study investigated the relationship between academic performance and substance use among public high school students in Mississippi. Methods: The sampling frame for the 2003…

Cox, Regan G.; Zhang, Lei; Johnson, William D.; Bender, Daniel R.

2007-01-01

318

The Head-Teacher's Instructional Role in Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools in Vihiga District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The head teachers' role is to promote academic performance. It is therefore important that the performance of a school is appraised against the performance of the person who leads it. The purpose of the study was to investigate the instructional role of the head-teacher in academic achievement in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE)…

Musungu, L. L.; Nasongo, J. W.

2008-01-01

319

The role of trait emotional intelligence in academic performance and deviant behavior at school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of trait emotional intelligence (‘trait EI') in academic performance and in deviant behavior at school on a sample of 650 pupils in British secondary education (mean age ?16.5 years). Trait EI moderated the relationship between cognitive ability and academic performance. In addition, pupils with high trait EI scores were less likely to have had unauthorized

K. V. Petrides; Norah Frederickson; Adrian Furnham

2004-01-01

320

The Academic Skills Workshop: A Parent/Child Group Intervention To Stop School Failure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many children needlessly fail in public school. They have adequate intelligence and academic aptitude, but they do no complete and turn in work. Their self-esteem plummets and they do not seem capable of recovery without adult help. The Academic Skills Workshop (ASW) is a model program for educators who believe in the ability of parents to help…

Quackenbush, Ross; Gastineau, Jerrel

321

College and Academic Self-Efficacy as Antecedents for High School Dual-Credit Enrollment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do high school students who are predisposed to enroll in dual-credit courses already possess high levels of motivation or college and academic self-efficacy? Students in this study reported being academically motivated, but they did not report high levels of confidence in their ability to perform certain college-associated tasks. Of 52 items…

Ozmun, Cliff D.

2013-01-01

322

The Effect of Studying Tech Prep in High School and College Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the academic performance of Tech Prep students (referred to as participants) in comparison to non-Tech Prep students (referred to as non-participants) entering a two-year community college from sixteen different high schools in Stark County, Ohio. This study provided a quantitative analysis of students' academic experiences to…

Ray, Larry A.

2011-01-01

323

Social Competence, Social Support, and Academic Achievement in Minority, Low-Income, Urban Elementary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite living in disadvantaged urban communities experiencing social and economic hardships, many children emerge with positive outcomes. Social-emotional competence and social support were hypothesized to have strong influences on academic trajectories during the critical period of academic skill acquisition. Participants were 282 third-grade students from six elementary schools in a Northwestern urban community. Beyond the importance of prior levels of

Maurice J. Elias; Norris M. Haynes

2008-01-01

324

Is Tobacco Use Associated with Academic Failure among Government School Students in Urban India?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Not much is known about the academic correlates of tobacco use among students in developing countries. This study investigated associations between multiple forms of tobacco use, psychosocial risk factors, and academic failure among 10- to 16-year-old government school students in Delhi and Chennai, India. Methods: This study was a…

Dhavan, Poonam; Stigler, Melissa H.; Perry, Cheryl L.; Arora, Monika; Reddy, K. Srinath

2010-01-01

325

Teachers and Students' Academic Performance in Nigerian Secondary Schools: Implications for Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined the number of qualified teachers and its relationship to students' academic performance in public secondary schools in a sample of Local Government Areas (LGA) of Osun State. This descriptive study used a post-hoc dataset. An instrument titled "Quantity and Quality of Teachers and Students' Academic Performance" (QQTSAP) was…

Akinsolu, A. Olatoun

2010-01-01

326

Are Physical Activity and Academic Performance Compatible? Academic Achievement, Conduct, Physical Activity and Self-Esteem of Hong Kong Chinese Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is so strongly emphasized in the Chinese culture that academic success is widely regarded as the only indicator of success, while too much physical activity is often discouraged because it drains energy and affects academic concentration. This study investigated the relations among academic achievement, self-esteem, school conduct and…

Yu, C. C. W.; Chan, Scarlet; Cheng, Frances; Sung, R. Y. T.; Hau, Kit-Tai

2006-01-01

327

Preparatory Teachers' Perceptions of School Readiness: A Survey of Victorian Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveyed perspectives held by school teachers regarding factors that contribute to successful transition to school. In addition, this study explored practices in place to enhance children's transition to school. Participants were self-nominated, preparatory teachers from publicly funded primary schools in Victoria, Australia. From…

Serry, Tanya; Imms, Christine; Froude, Elspeth; Joffe, Beverly; Heine, Chyrisse; Merrigan, Celeste

2014-01-01

328

Ready to Lead, but How? Teachers' Experiences in High-Poverty Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Many strategies to improve failing urban schools rest on efforts to improve leadership within the school. Effective school-based leadership depends not only on the activities of the principal, but also on teachers' efforts to address school-wide challenges. Research has shown that the principal is pivotal in such ventures,…

Johnson, Susan Moore; Reinhorn, Stefanie K.; Charner-Laird, Megin; Kraft, Matthew A.; Ng, Monica; Papay, John P.

2014-01-01

329

The Effect Of Athletic Participation On Academic Achievement for High School Seniors in Eastern Tennessee  

Microsoft Academic Search

This causal-comparative study with a narrative component investigated the effect athletic participation on the academic achievement of senior student-athletes and non-athletes who attended three public high schools in Eastern Tennessee. The impetus for the study was the conflicting research as it relates to the impact athletics participation had on academic success at the college and high school levels. Through student

David Andrew Gorman

2010-01-01

330

The Multilayered Character of Newcomers' Academic Identities: Somali Female High-School Students in a US School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the findings of a qualitative study with female refugee high school students from Somalia in the US, this paper attempts to provide a window to understanding the multilayered character of newcomer students' academic identity construction. The students' micro-level processes of creating spaces for belonging at school are linked to…

Oikonomidoy, Eleni

2009-01-01

331

The Impact of Leadership Practices on the Academic Achievement of Elementary Students in Satisfactory Schools and Unsatisfactory Schools in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our nation's k-12 schools are faced with numerous critical challenges: elevating academic achievement, recruitment and retention of high-caliber teachers, improving teacher quality, and meeting the mandates of the "No Child Left Behind" ("NCLB") legislation and state standards (Simpson, Lacava, & Graner, 2004; & (Kowalski, 2009). Today's school

Hill, Antonio

2011-01-01

332

Enabling School Structure, Collective Responsibility, and a Culture of Academic Optimism: Toward a Robust Model of School Performance in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this research is twofold: to test a theory of academic optimism in Taiwan elementary schools and to expand the theory by adding new variables, collective responsibility and enabling school structure, to the model. Design/methodology/approach: Structural equation modeling was used to test, refine, and expand an…

Wu, Jason H.; Hoy, Wayne K.; Tarter, C. John

2013-01-01

333

Ready or Not: Recognizing and Preparing College-Ready Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that many students entering postsecondary education are unprepared for college reading demands. This article highlights college reading readiness according to four essential reading skills. We illustrate these skills by featuring vignettes of high school seniors who are college-ready and not college-ready. Then we contextualize the…

Springer, Sheree E.; Wilson, Tonia J.; Dole, Janice A.

2015-01-01

334

The relationships among academic self-concept, academic achievement, and persistence with self-attribution, study habits, and perceived school environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based upon an unidimensional, global model of academic self-concept and nineteen years of public school teaching experience, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship among the constructs of academic self-concept, academic achievement, persistence, self-attribution, study habits, and perceived school environment. The participants in this study were seventh- and eighth-grade students (N = 214), in a rural mid-western

Darlene Gordon

1997-01-01

335

Academic performance of public and private school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public school students are reported to obtain higher college grades than private school students. Equating on scholastic aptitude is reported to leave a difference favoring the public school student. The Personal Values Inventory, a test measuring nonintellectual factors in school success, was administered to an entering college class. 216 had attended public school and 97 private school. When grades were

John A. Finger; George E. Schlesser

1963-01-01

336

Structuring Out-of-School Time to Improve Academic Achievement. IES Practice Guide. NCEE 2009-012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Out-of-school time programs can enhance academic achievement by helping students learn outside the classroom. The purpose of this practice guide is to provide recommendations for organizing and delivering school-based out-of-school time (OST) programs to improve the academic achievement of student participants. The five recommendations in this…

Beckett, Megan; Borman, Geoffrey; Capizzano, Jeffrey; Parsley, Danette; Ross, Steven; Schirm, Allen; Taylor, Jessica

2009-01-01

337

Instructional Alignment of Workplace Readiness Skills in Career and Technical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States faces a skills shortage that goes beyond academic and technical skills. Employers report entry-level workers lack the necessary "soft" skills, also referred to as workplace readiness skills, needed for success in the workforce; thus, calling on educational institutions to make improvements in high school curriculum in order to…

Martin, Sarah Jane

2009-01-01

338

A Statewide Train-the-Trainer Model for Effective Entrepreneurship and Workforce Readiness Programming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statewide youth and adult train-the-trainer model that integrates workforce readiness and entrepreneurship can have a profound effect on young people's academic performance, interest in college, and overall youth development. Participants in workforce and entrepreneurship programs develop personal resources that have value in school, in the…

Fields, Nia Imani; Brown, Mananmi; Piechocinski, Alganesh; Wells, Kendra

2012-01-01

339

The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Secondary Schools upon Students' Academic Success and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a study investigating the short- and long-term effects of secondary schools upon student academic success and development. A questionnaire was administered to a randomly selected sample of 15% of Cypriot students who graduated in June 2004 and June 2005 from secondary schools. A good response rate (i.e., 66%) was…

Antoniou, Panayiotis

2012-01-01

340

Bonding, Achievement, and Activities: School Bonding, Academic Achievement, and Participation in Extracurricular Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing a single-group interrupted time series design (Creswell, 2003), this pilot study examined the relationship between academic achievement, school bonding, and the extracurricular activity participation of "uninvolved" students (n=11) who participated in a voluntary support group at a suburban high school in the southeast. Results indicated…

Howard, Anissa K.; Ziomek-Daigle, Jolie

2009-01-01

341

The effects of modeling instruction on high school physics academic achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore whether Modeling Instruction, compared to traditional lecturing, is an effective instructional method to promote academic achievement in selected high school physics classes at a rural middle Tennessee high school. This study used an ex post facto , quasi-experimental research methodology. The independent variables in this study were the instructional methods of teaching.

Tiffanie L Wright

2012-01-01

342

School-Community Partnerships: Using Authentic Contexts to Academically Motivate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The opportunities school-community partnerships pose for students' learning continue to generate the attention of educational stakeholders. Children learn through a variety of social and educational contexts, and the goals for student academic success are best achieved through the cooperation and support of schools, families, and communities. The…

Willems, Patricia P.; Gonzalez-DeHass, Alyssa R.

2012-01-01

343

How Does School Mobility Impact Indicators of Academic Achievement for Highly Mobile Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children who are homeless or in foster care change schools more often than their non-mobile peers. The impact of school mobility increases their risk of academic failure (Evans, 1996; Ingersoll, Scamman, & Eckerling, 1989; Mao, 1997, Mehana & Reynolds, 2003; Reynolds & Wolf, 1999). Laws enforcing the right of students to remain in their "original…

Tanner-McBrien, Laura

2010-01-01

344

Elementary School Pupils' Evaluations of the Malleability of Their Academic Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study set out to investigate pupils' evaluations of their academic abilities in different school subjects and their ratings of their potential for improving their performance in those school subjects. Sample: Twenty-eight pupils from the third grade (approximately age nine) and 30 pupils from the sixth grade (approximately age 12) in…

Kasanen, Kati; Raty, Hannu; Eklund, Anna-Leena

2009-01-01

345

The Center for Academic Excellence: Collaboration between a University and Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Academic Excellence of the College of Education at the University of Central Arkansas was created in 1984 to help improve education in Arkansas by cooperating with the state's public school districts and sharing the college's resources with them. The center's staff helps public school administrators assess local needs, devise plans…

Hundley, Joel; Kennedy, Robert L.

346

Discrimination, Ethnic Identity, and Academic Outcomes of Mexican Immigrant Children: The Importance of School Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined ethnic identity, perceptions of discrimination, and academic attitudes and performance of primarily first- and second-generation Mexican immigrant children living in a predominantly White community (N = 204, 19 schools, mean age = 9 years). The study also examined schools' promotion of multiculturalism and teachers' attitudes…

Brown, Christia Spears; Chu, Hui

2012-01-01

347

Relationship between Study Habits and Academic Achievement of Higher Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was probed to find the significant relationship between study habits and academic achievement of higher secondary school students with reference to the background variables. Survey method was employed. Data for the study were collected from 300 students in 13 higher secondary schools using Study Habits Inventory by V.G. Anantha…

Lawrence, A. S. Arul

2014-01-01

348

Factors Influencing High School Students' Science Enrollments Patterns: Academic Abilities, Parental Influences, and Attitudes toward Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed, using a path analytic model, to assess the relative impact of different factors on science concentration decisions made by grade 10 high school students (N=237). Included in the model were selected demographic and socioeconomic factors, academic abilities factors (including logical thinking), indicators of home and school

Khoury, Ghada A.; Voss, Burton E.

349

Gender, Geographic Locations, Achievement Goals and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students from Borno State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examined gender, geography location, achievement goals and academic performance of senior secondary school students in Borno State, Nigeria. The sample consists of 827 students from 18 public boarding secondary schools across South and North of Borno State: 414 (50.1 per cent) males and 413 (49.9 per cent) are females; 414 (50.1 per…

Musa, Alice K.J.

2013-01-01

350

School Contextual Effects on the Adolescent Academic Performance-Substance Use Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents are exposed to multiple contextual influences along their development towards adulthood. Before they transition to adulthood, adolescents acquire skills and knowledge usually in schools, which are one of the most influential contexts during adolescence. During school years performing well academically can generate better…

Andrade Adaniya, Fernando Humberto

2012-01-01

351

The Effect of Parental Involvement on Academic Achievement in Elementary Urban Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes research related to parental involvement and academic achievement in urban schools, and discusses an approach to parent participation in an urban school in Minnesota. It includes discussion of barriers, values, visionary leadership, achievement, action plans, and conclusions. Barriers to parental involvement include language,…

Edwards, Sandra L.

352

Academic Optimism of High School Teachers: Its Relationship to Organizational Citizenship Behaviors and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to build on an emergent research base for academic optimism by testing the construct and its relationship to student achievement and organizational citizenship behaviors in schools in a sample of public high schools. All participants in this study were full-time teachers, guidance counselors, and other full-time…

Wagner, Charles A.; DiPaola, Michael F.

2011-01-01

353

The Effects of Alcohol Use on Academic Achievement in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the effects of alcohol use on high school students' quality of learning. We estimate fixed-effects models using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Our primary measure of academic achievement is the student's grade point average (GPA) abstracted from official school transcripts. We find that…

Balsa, Ana I.; Giuliano, Laura M.; French, Michael T.

2011-01-01

354

The Perceptions of Academic Women in School Psychology: A National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of women employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain female school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress. Comparisons…

Akin-Little, K. Angeleque; Bray, Melissa A.; Eckert, Tanya L.; Kehle, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

355

The Association of Athletic Expenditures with Student Academic Achievement in Arkansas Secondary Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on public secondary schools in Arkansas were gathered for two separate school years, 2005-2006 (N = 278) and 2006-2007 (N = 279), to determine if there was an association between athletic expenditures and student academic achievement. Prior to this research, there was little empirical evidence demonstrating any effect that athletic spending…

Skelton, Mike

2009-01-01

356

Organizational Cynicism, School Culture, and Academic Achievement: The Study of Structural Equation Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explain constructed theoretical models that organizational cynicism perceptions of primary school teachers affect school culture and academic achievement, by using structural equation modeling. With the assumption that there is a cause-effect relationship between three main variables, the study was constructed with…

Karadag, Engin; Kilicoglu, Gökhan; Yilmaz, Derya

2014-01-01

357

School Engagement Trajectories of Immigrant Youth: Risks and Longitudinal Interplay with Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined behavioral school engagement trajectories of immigrant and non-immigrant early adolescents in relation to their academic achievement. Data were based on teacher judgments and school records. Students from immigrant families living in Greece and their non-immigrant classmates (N = 1057) were assessed over the three years of middle…

Motti-Stefanidi, Frosso; Masten, Ann; Asendorpf, Jens B.

2015-01-01

358

Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The middle school level is of particular concern to educators because of poor standardized test performance. This study evaluated change in academic achievement in public middle school students practicing the Transcendental Meditation[R] program compared to controls. A total of 189 students who were below proficiency level at baseline in English…

Nidich, Sanford; Mjasiri, Shujaa; Nidich, Randi; Rainforth, Maxwell; Grant, James; Valosek, Laurent; Chang, Walter; Zigler, Ronald L.

2011-01-01

359

The Influence of Perceived Poverty and Academic Achievement on School Counselor Conceptualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analog study presented 173 practicing school counselors with one of four case scenarios depicting a student new to their school. Each scenario manipulated one of two levels of the independent variables, which were perceived poverty and academic achievement. Main effects indicate that participants rated students as more attractive counseling…

Hutchison, Brian

2011-01-01

360

Academic Achievement for Fifth-Grade Students in Elementary and Intermediate School Settings: Grade Span Configurations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few researchers have addressed student achievement outcomes as a function of grade configurations for older elementary-aged students. Thus, this study was designed to determine differences between students' Grade 5 reading and mathematics achievement in elementary schools (K-5) as compared to intermediate schools (Grade 5, 5-6) for 5 academic

Combs, Julie P.; Clark, David; Moore, George W.; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2011-01-01

361

The Impact of Childcare and Parent-Child Interactions on School Readiness and Social Skills Development for Low-Income African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the roles of childcare involvement and parent-child interaction quality on the development of school readiness and social skills among low-income, minority kindergarten children. Findings provide mixed evidence on the role of childcare exposure, with early entry into childcare predicting higher levels of social skills ratings and…

Connell, Christian M.; Prinz, Ronald J.

2002-01-01

362

Achieving School Readiness: A 5-Year Action Agenda for Maryland. Presented to the Subcabinet for Children, Youth and Families by the Leadership in Action Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of lengthy deliberations and review of evidence-based proven practices by the Leadership in Action Program in Maryland, this action agenda details 6 goals, 25 strategies, and 106 action steps determined as most critical to ensuring that all of Maryland's children will enter school ready to learn. The action agenda was submitted to the…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

363

Unpacking the Black Box of the Chicago School Readiness Project Intervention: The Mediating Roles of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality and Self-Regulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study examines the theory of change of the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP), testing a sequence of theory-derived mediating mechanisms that include the quality of teacher-child relationships and children's self-regulation. The CSRP is a multicomponent teacher and classroom-focused intervention, and its…

Jones, Stephanie M.; Bub, Kristen L.; Raver, C. Cybele

2013-01-01

364

Engagement in After-School Programs as a Predictor of Social Competence and Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the experience sampling method, this study examined two questions related to outcomes associated with after-school programming.\\u000a First, does the quality of experience in after-school programs mediate the effect of program participation on social competence\\u000a and academic performance? Second, among program participants, is the difference in quality of experience when in programs\\u000a versus other settings after school related to higher

David J. Shernoff

2010-01-01

365

The Role of the Executive Functions in School Readiness among Preschool-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to identify the specific contribution of executive functions to pre-academic skills (emergent literacy, phonological awareness and orthographic knowledge, and emergent mathematic knowledge) over and above cognitive and linguistic underpinning abilities such as naming, short-term memory and vocabulary. The study was…

Shaul, Shelley; Schwartz, Mila

2014-01-01

366

Work-Family Balance and Academic Advancement in Medical Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines various options that a faculty member might exercise to achieve work-family balance in academic medicine and their consequences for academic advancement. Method: Three data sets were analyzed: an anonymous web-administered survey of part-time tenure track-eligible University of Illinois College of Medicine (UI-COM)…

Fox, Geri; Schwartz, Alan; Hart, Katherine M.

2006-01-01

367

Caring or Collusion? Academic Dishonesty in a School of Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic dishonesty is an issue that post-secondary institutions are having difficulty resolving. More than 100 studies have been conducted over the past 30 years, yet these studies have not provided data necessary to effectively address this problem. Indeed, research indicates that academic dishonesty is increasing. The purpose of this study was…

Wideman, Maureen

2011-01-01

368

Academic Performance and School Success: Sources and Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The promotion of academic success has been linked to children's social and emotional wellness, reduction in risky behaviors, and promotion of social and emotional competence. This chapter briefly summarizes the evidence regarding the link between academic performance and health risk behaviors, including substance abuse, delinquency, teen sexual…

Hawkins, J. David

369

Low-Performing Schools. Race to the Top: Accelerating College and Career Readiness in States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States seeking to prepare all high school graduates for college and careers need a strategy for responding to their lowest-performing high schools, which are responsible for a disproportionate number of students who drop out or graduate unprepared for what's ahead. Continuing to rely upon incremental change strategies will not lead to effective…

Hassel, Bryan C.; Hassel, Emily Ayscue

2010-01-01

370

A Rhode Island High School-University Partnership: Urban Students' Perceptions of College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly one third of U.S. students will fail to graduate from high school this year and another one-third will graduate without the skills needed to be successful after high school. These statistics are even more alarming for minority and low income students, with fewer than 10% of low income minority students going on to earn bachelors' degrees…

Callahan, Colleen A.

2010-01-01

371

Are the Rural Schools of the Democratic Republic of Congo Ready for the $100 Laptop?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The situation of schools in the Democratic Republic of Congo in matters concerning new information and communication technologies remains alarming. Given the primary role of these technologies in teaching and learning, as well as the concern of giving Congolese rural schools access to these tools, considering the problems of lack of electricity,…

Banza, Nsomwe-a- Nfunkwa

2006-01-01

372

Effect of Students' After-School Activities on Teachers' Academic Expectancies.  

PubMed

Teacher expectancies can have an impact on students' academic achievement. These expectancies can be based on diverse student characteristics, only one of which is past academic performance. The present study investigated three student individual differences that teachers may use when forming academic expectancies: the sex of the student, the family socioeconomic status (SES) of the student, and the student's after-school activities. Results indicated teachers held higher grade, graduation, and college attendance expectancies for females than for males and for middle-SES than low-SES students. Also, students who participated in extracurricular activities were expected to achieve more academically than either students who were employed after school or who did nothing after school. The latter two groups did not elicit different teacher expectancies. Interactions revealed that (a) lowest expectations were held for low-SES males who did nothing after school and (b) the difference in graduation expectancies between the SES groups was only half as great for students who took part in extracurricular activities than it was for students who had no involvements after school or who had jobs. Copyright 2000 Academic Press. PMID:10753545

Van Matre JC; Valentine; Cooper

2000-04-01

373

Getting Ready for the "School of the Future": Key Questions and Tentative Answers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper explores some key aspects of "today's school", as opposed to those that have characterized "yesterday's school", with the final aim of shedding light on "tomorrow's school". In this direction, the paper puts forward tentative answers to some key questions related to the new characteristics and roles of teachers and students (main actors of the learning process) and the new features/ potentialities of contemporary educational tools which, in turn, require the enactment of innovative pedagogical approaches and educational methods. The emerging picture of the present learning landscape helps in figuring out a future situation where learning possibilities are substantially increased.

Ott, Michela; Pozzi, Francesca

374

Ready ... or Not?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two-year institutions are increasingly jammed with students who lack academic readiness--a command of those basic skills that will help them find employment in the workplace or continue on to four-year institutions. That's where remedial--or developmental--classes come into the picture. Community colleges are investing heavily in remedial programs…

Schaffhauser, Dian

2010-01-01

375

Coeducational or single?sex school: does it make a difference on high school girls’ academic motivation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to further examine the impact over time of single?sex and coeducational school environments on girls’ motivation in language arts and mathematics. Two cohorts comprising 340 girls (7th to 9th grade; 9th to 11th grade) from eight coeducational and two single?sex schools were followed during a period of three academic years in a longitudinal

Roch Chouinard; Carole Vezeau; Thérèse Bouffard

2008-01-01

376

Emotional intelligence and academic success: examining the transition from high school to university  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from high school to university was used as the context for examining the relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement. During the first month of classes 372 first-year full-time students at a small Ontario university completed the short form of the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i:Short). At the end of the academic year the EQ-i:Short data was matched with

James D. A. Parker; Laura J. Summerfeldt; Marjorie J. Hogan; Sarah A. Majeski

2004-01-01

377

Get Your Student Ready to Go Back to School...Again  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The holidays are here, and with vacation beckoning, school is soon to become an afterthought. However, whether a student is in 1st grade or 12th, with a little bit of planning, there are a few things parents can do to ensure the second half of the school year is even more successful than the first. These few tips include making time over the…

Crossman, Anne

2012-01-01

378

The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

2009-01-01

379

Associations among Measures of Perfectionism, Self-Concept and Academic Achievement Identified in Primary School Students in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated relationships among measures of perfectionism, academic self-concept, and academic achievement in fourth and fifth grade children from selective primary schools in Hong Kong where admission involves strict assessment of students' aptitude and potential. Based on their overall academic performance 331 students were…

Fong, Ricci W.; Yuen, Mantak

2009-01-01

380

Linking Teachers' Perceptions of Educational Value Discontinuity to Low-Income Middle School Students' Academic Engagement & Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine whether teachers' perceptions of educational value discontinuity are predictive of the psychological antecedents of academic performance (e.g., academic engagement and academic self-efficacy) during middle school. Educational value discontinuity is defined as the difference between teachers' actual…

Tyler, Kenneth M.; Boelter, Christina M.; Boykin, A. Wade

2008-01-01

381

Enhancing Individual Readiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains three papers from a symposium on enhancing individual readiness through human resource development (HRD). "Secondary School Administrator's Perception of Enhancing Self-Worth through Service" (Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Emily James Weatherford) presents results of a study to examine secondary school administrators' endorsement of…

1997

382

Tracking College Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twice a year, leaders from seven school districts from around the nation meet to discuss college life. They address the common problem of college readiness in their collective work to better prepare students for a productive future. While consortium members oversee school districts that are leaders in their respective states in terms of test…

Skelly, Kevin A.; Laurence, Scott T.

2011-01-01

383

Student Academic Services School of Ocean & Earth Science Technology (SOEST)  

E-print Network

Sheet SOEST Advising Mission SOEST values and promotes collaborative relationships education plan that is consistent with the student's goals. DESCRIPTION Academic advising is a collaborative educational process between students and their advisors

384

A Comparison of Career Technical Education--16 Career Pathway High School Participants with Non-Participants on Academic Achievement, School Engagement, and Development of Technical Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research was to compare Career Technical Education--16 Career Pathway high school participants with non-participants on academic achievement, development of technical skills and school engagement. Academic achievement was measured by Exit Level Math and English Language Arts Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS)…

Orozco, Edith Aimee

2010-01-01

385

Small Learning Communities versus Small Schools: Describing the Difference in the Academic Achievement of African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, the United States Department of Education began its Small Learning Community Program in an effort to support the breakup of large schools into smaller learning communities. In an effort to improve the academic success rate of students, President George W. Bush signed into law the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" (NCLB). NCLB had as its…

Owens, Carol L.

2010-01-01

386

Are physical activity and academic performance compatible? Academic achievement, conduct, physical activity and self?esteem of Hong Kong Chinese primary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is so strongly emphasized in the Chinese culture that academic success is widely regarded as the only indicator of success, while too much physical activity is often discouraged because it drains energy and affects academic concentration. This study investigated the relations among academic achievement, self?esteem, school conduct and physical activity level. The participants were 333 Chinese pre?adolescents (aged 8–12)

C. C. W. Yu; Scarlet Chan; Frances Cheng; R. Y. T. Sung

2006-01-01

387

THE RELATIONSHIP OF MUSICAL APTITUDE, ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE IN MERIT (GIFTED) STUDENTS OF MURFREESBORO CITY SCHOOLS (TENNESSEE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Murfreesboro City School System, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, authorized a study of the relationship of musical aptitude to academic achievement and intelligence. Sixty-two gifted students enrolled in the Merit Program of Murfreesboro City Schools, grades one through six, served as subjects. The question of whether musical aptitude could be predicted in gifted students by academic achievement and intelligence considered together was investigated.

CYNTHIA BELCHER DRENNAN

1984-01-01

388

Academic and Professional Career Outcomes of Medical School Graduates Who Failed USMLE Step 1 on the First Attempt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to determine the academic and professional outcomes of medical school graduates who failed the United States Licensing Examination Step 1 on the first attempt. This retrospective cohort study was based on pooled data from 2,003 graduates of six Midwestern medical schools in the classes of 1997-2002. Demographic, academic, and…

McDougle, Leon; Mavis, Brian E.; Jeffe, Donna B.; Roberts, Nicole K.; Ephgrave, Kimberly; Hageman, Heather L.; Lypson, Monica L.; Thomas, Lauree; Andriole, Dorothy A.

2013-01-01

389

The Difference in the Academic Achievement of Hispanic High School Students Based on the Theme of the Small Learning Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to describe the difference in the academic achievement of urban Hispanic high school students based on the small learning community theme. The study used a quantitative method of ex post facto research to examine how the academic achievement of Hispanic high school students differs across the themes of small…

Martinez, Beate M. Winter

2010-01-01

390

Resolved: Library Schools Do Not Meet Their Goals and Objectives in Training Academic Librarians to Perform Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic librarians who have faculty status must meet the same criteria for promotion and tenure as other faculty members, including doing research. However, library schools may not be training librarians adequately in the research skills required for entry level academic positions. In order to determine whether library schools in the United…

Anderson, David G.; Landram, Christina

391

Longitudinal Predictors of School-Age Academic Achievement: Unique Contributions of Toddler-Age Aggression, Oppositionality, Inattention, and Hyperactivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project examined the unique predictive validity of parent ratings of toddler-age aggression, oppositionality, inattention, and hyperactivity-impulsivity to academic achievement at school-age in a sample of 566 high-risk children and families. The study also investigated potential indirect effects of the Family Check-Up on school-age academic

Brennan, Lauretta M.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Dishion, Thomas J.; Wilson, Melvin

2012-01-01

392

Examining Familial-Based Academic Success Factors in Urban High School Students: The Case of Puerto Rican Female High Achievers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article works to dispel the myth that Puerto Rican female urban high school students living in poverty are not capable of performing at high academic levels. This article attempts to counteract these beliefs by describing the four success factors that seven Puerto Rican female high school students attribute to their high academic achievement. These success factors are: (1) religiosity

René Antrop-González; William Vélez; Tomás Garrett

2008-01-01

393

A comparative study on academic achievement gains of Paideia students versus students attending a traditional school setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to compare the academic achievement gains of students exposed to six years of a traditional school setting versus academic achievement gains of students exposed to three years of traditional school experiences and three years of the Paideia program with emphasis placed on critical thinking skills development.^ The samples were selected from two Nashville Davidson

Loretta Kay Shepard

1996-01-01

394

Academic Standards in Catholic Schools in England: Indications of Causality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In terms of absolute or "raw" examination and test scores, those maintained schools in England designated as Roman Catholic by the Department of Education and Skills appear, on average, to achieve higher scores than the mean of non-Catholic schools. Similar findings have been reported about Catholic schools in other differing educational systems,…

Morris, Andrew B.

2005-01-01

395

Home-School Collaboration: Enhancing Children's Academic and Social Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the school and the home/parents in enhancing the possibilities for students' success. Twenty-four individual chapters by 45 contributors include: (1) "Family Systems and the School" (William Doherty and Vida Peskay); (2) "Home-School Collaboration: Effects, Issues, and Opportunities"…

Christenson, Sandra L., Ed.; Conoley, Jane Close, Ed.

396

Recovery High Schools: Students and Responsive Academic and Therapeutic Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews findings from the authors' studies of recovery high schools (RHS), including a 1995 program evaluation of a school in New Mexico (Moberg & Thaler, 1995), a 2006-09 descriptive study of 17 recovery high schools (Moberg & Finch, 2008), and presents early findings from a current study of the effectiveness of recovery…

Moberg, D. Paul; Finch, Andrew J.; Lindsley, Stephanie M.

2014-01-01

397

School Violent Crime and Academic Achievement in Chicago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational outcomes vary dramatically across schools in the United States. Many underperforming schools, especially in Chicago, also deal with high levels of violent crime on school grounds. Exposure to this type of frequent violence may be an important factor shaping already disadvantaged students' educational experiences. However,…

Burdick-Will, Julia

2013-01-01

398

Getting Ready for School: Palm Beach County's Early Childhood Cluster Initiative. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from the second year of an implementation study of the Early Childhood Cluster Initiative (ECCI). ECCI is a prekindergarten program in ten elementary schools and a community child care center in Palm Beach County, based on the design of the High/Scope Perry Preschool model. The initiative is characterized by low…

Spielberger, Julie; Baker, Stephen; Winje, Carolyn

2008-01-01

399

Getting Ready for School: Palm Beach County's Early Childhood Cluster Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication reports findings from the second year of an implementation study of the Early Childhood Cluster Initiative (ECCI). ECCI is a prekindergarten program in ten elementary schools and a community child care center in Palm Beach County, based on the design of the High/Scope Perry Preschool model. The initiative is characterized by low…

Spielberger, Julie; Baker, Stephen; Winje, Carolyn

2008-01-01

400

Are High School Students Ready for Recombinant DNA?: The UOP Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a three-week summer college honors course for talented high school juniors with three exams, lab six days a week, a research paper, field trips, and student panel discussions. Presents an overview of the course. Describes the lab which uses "E. coli" for DNA recombination. (MVL)

Minch, Michael J.

1989-01-01

401

The Role of Executive Functions Skills and Self-Regulation Behaviors in School Readiness and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine co-variation in the development of self-regulatory skills evident in pre-kindergarten and evaluate the implications of that variation for school adjustment in kindergarten and first grade. Measures of self-regulatory skill development included: direct assessments of EF (executive function) (e.g., Peg Tapping,…

Sasser, Tyler R.; Bierman, Karen L.

2012-01-01

402

Relation of eighth graders' family structure, gender, and family environment with academic performance and school behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess how family structure, gender, and family environment were related to both academic performance (end-of-the-year grades and quantitative and verbal achievement factor scores) and school behavior (number of days absent, number of days tardy, and number of in-school detentions). Subjects were 219 middle-class eighth graders (96 boys, 123 girls). Generally, students in two-parent

Lawrence A. Kurdek; Ronald J. Sinclair

1988-01-01

403

Formal Peer-Teaching in Medical School Improves Academic Performance: The MUSC Supplemental Instructor Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Formal systems of peer teaching are common in many advanced-degree graduate school programs but are less prevalent in medical schools. In 1997, The Medical University of South Carolina's Center for Academic Excellence created a Supplemental Instructor (SI) program in which interested upper-level medical students are hired to teach a small group of junior peers, primarily in basic science topics.Purpose:

Jeffrey G. Wong; Thomas D. Waldrep; Thomas G. Smith

2007-01-01

404

Self-handicapping behaviors, psychosocial variables and academic achievement of middle school adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-handicapping is an a priori excuse making strategy implemented to preserve self-esteem when success is uncertain. Few studies have looked at characteristics of middle school students who self-handicap. ^ The purpose of this study was to examine the use of self-handicapping behaviors among middle school adolescents in relation to their global self-esteem, academic self-concept, test anxiety, responsibility, classroom goal style,

Patricia Eileen OBrien

2000-01-01

405

The Relations of Early Television Viewing to School Readiness and Vocabulary of Children from Low-Income Families: The Early Window Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

For two cohorts of children from low- to moderate-income families, time-use diaries of television viewing were collected over 3 years (from ages 2-5 and 4-7 years, respectively), and tests of reading, math, receptive vocab- ulary, and school readiness were administered annually. Relations between viewing and performance were tested in path analyses with controls for home environment quality and primary language

John C. Wright; Aletha C. Huston; Kimberlee C. Murphy; Michelle St. Peters; Ronda Scantlin; Jennifer Kotler

2001-01-01

406

Testing Equivalence of Mediating Models of Income, Parenting, and School Readiness for White, Black, and Hispanic Children in a National Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines complex models of the associations between family income, material hardship, parenting, and school readiness among White, Black, and Hispanic 6-year-olds, using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K). It is critical to test the universality of such complex models, particularly given their implications for intervention, prevention, and public policy. Therefore this study asks: Do measures and models

C. Cybele Raver; Elizabeth T. Gershoff; J. Lawrence Aber

2007-01-01

407

Academic Help-Seeking and Peer Relations in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between peer relations and help-seeking behavior. Seventy-four subjects, predominately black boys and girls, were drawn from the third and fifth grades. A roster-rating sociometric scale was used to obtain measures of children's perceived academic competence, desirability as a helper, and friendship status…

Nelson-Le Gall, Sharon; Glor-Scheib, Susan

408

Academic Help-Seeking and Peer Relations in School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between peer relations and help-seeking behaviors in third- and fifth-grade boys and girls. The relationship between peer status and academic help-seeking was found to vary with the target of the help-seeking overture and the type of help requested. (Author/LMO)

Nelson-LeGall, Sharon; Glor-Scheib, Susan

1986-01-01

409

Organizational Culture and Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of factors have been identified that affect academic achievement of learners. Among these factors, organizational culture seems to be a key factor. This is a complex factor characterized by many variables. To classify the variables included in organizational culture, a theoretical model was constructed. Two sets of variables were…

van der Westhuizen, Philip C.; Mosoge, M. J.; Swanepoel, L. H.; Coetsee, L. D.

2005-01-01

410

The Effects of Quarter of Birth on Academic Outcomes at the Elementary School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses public schools data to examine the effects of age on student academic achievement in light of recent trends to delay children's entry into kindergarten. To avoid problems of endogeneity, students' quarters of birth is employed as an instrument for age at entry. In particular, the effects of students' quarters of birth on math and…

Robertson, Erin

2011-01-01

411

Academic Performance among Middle-School Students after Exposure to a Relaxation Response Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between middle school students' exposure to a relaxation response curriculum and academic achievement over time. Teachers were trained to teach relaxation response exercises. Data on students' grade point average (GPA), work habits, cooperation, and attendance indicated that students exposed to more than two semesters of…

Benson, Herbert; Wilcher, Marilyn; Greenberg, Beth; Huggins, Erica; Ennis, Margaret; Zuttermeister, Patricia C.; Myers, Patricia; Friedman, Richard

2000-01-01

412

Asperger Syndrome and the Elementary School Experience: Practical Solutions for Academic & Social Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides educators with an understanding of Asperger syndrome (AS) and how it affects a student academically and socially, and provides specific strategies for helping elementary school students with AS function successfully. Following an introductory chapter, chapter 2 presents the major areas of difficulty for individuals with AS with…

Moore, Susan Thompson.

413

Academic Failure in Secondary School: The Inter-Related Role of Health Problems and Educational Context  

PubMed Central

This study explores whether the interplay of health problems and school environment predicts academic failure, an individual event with consequences for the life course, as well as for society at large. This exploration proceeds in three steps: 1) we examine whether physical and mental health problems are an academic risk factor during secondary school; 2) we investigate the academic mechanisms underlying this risk status; and 3) we explore whether this risk status varies by school context. A series of logistic regressions reveals that self-rated health and emotional distress are both associated with greater likelihood of failing one or more classes in the next year and that absenteeism, trouble with homework, and student-teacher bonding account for much of these associations. Associations of physical and mental health problems with academic failure vary only slightly across schools, however. We discuss the implications of these findings for both research and policy and argue that the examination of overlap among different domains of adolescent functioning can advance the sociological understanding of health, education, and social problems in general. PMID:20354573

Needham, Belinda L.; Crosnoe, Robert; Muller, Chandra

2010-01-01

414

Naval Postgraduate School Cyber Academic Group Graduation Checklist for MS Applied Cyber Operations (MACO) Degree  

E-print Network

Naval Postgraduate School Cyber Academic Group Graduation Checklist for MS Applied Cyber Operations Planned Qtr ___CY3000 Introduction to Cyber Systems and Operations (3-0) ________ ___CY3300 Cyber Network Operations in a Contested Environment (3-2) ________ ___CY4700 or CY4710 Cyber Wargame: Blue

415

"QuickSmart": A Basic Academic Skills Intervention for Middle School Students with Learning Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"QuickSmart" is a basic academic skills intervention designed for persistently low-achieving students in the middle years of schooling that aims to improve the automaticity of basic skills to improve higher-order processes, such as problem solving and comprehension, as measured on standardized tests. The "QuickSmart" instructional program consists…

Graham, Lorraine; Bellert, Anne; Thomas, Jenny; Pegg, John

2007-01-01

416

SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014  

E-print Network

SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014 HI 4015 Special Subject THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: ASPECTS OF BRITISH-RUSSIAN RELATIONS, 1917-1924 30 CREDITS 12 WEEKS PLEASE NOTE-52 College Bounds Room CBLG01 01224 272199/272454 history-ug@abdn.ac.uk #12;TIMETABLE Classes: two two

Levi, Ran

417

SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2014-2015  

E-print Network

SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2014-2015 HI 4015 Special Subject THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: ASPECTS OF BRITISH-RUSSIAN RELATIONS, 1917-1924 30 CREDITS 11 WEEKS PLEASE NOTE-52 College Bounds Room CBLG01 #12;01224 272199/272454 history-ug@abdn.ac.uk TIMETABLE Classes: two two

Levi, Ran

418

Do Gender Differences Exist in the Academic Identification of African American Elementary School-Aged Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The disidentification hypothesis predicts that African American boys achieve less in school than African American girls do because boys have less personal investment in doing well academically (i.e., they are disidentified). When do such gender differences emerge? Using self-perception and achievement data from longitudinal studies of children (N…

McMillian, M. Monique; Frierson, Henry T.; Campbell, Frances A.

2011-01-01

419

Elementary to High School Students' Growth over an Academic Year in Understanding Concepts of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports findings on the changes in students' understandings of the concept of matter during an academic year, for students from grade 3 through high school chemistry. The instrument for measuring students' understandings of matter consists of three forms: one for grades 3-6, one for grades 7-9, and one for grades 10-12. The three forms…

Liu, Xiufeng

2007-01-01

420

Launching a Successful Academic High School Experience and Future: Ninth Grade Climate Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation is to present a number of academic perspectives for analysis and understanding in the attempt to progress educational situations. Specifically, the study takes a look at student and learning community transition into the high school environment and, ultimately, by doing so help meet graduation goals. Its intent is…

Whitehead, Jackie F.

2012-01-01

421

Explorations of Metacognition among Academically Talented Middle and High School Mathematics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation was to examine metacognition among academically talented middle and high school mathematics students from both educational psychology and mathematics education perspectives. A synthesis of the literatures and three studies employing quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methodologies were used to address three…

Young, Adena Elizabeth

2010-01-01

422

Motivation and Academic Help-Seeking in High School Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of this study was to determine the degree to which academic motivation predicted the executive help-seeking, instrumental help-seeking, perceived benefits of help-seeking, and avoidance of help-seeking of high school students enrolled in computer science (n = 314). Task goals were positively associated with instrumental…

Cheong, Yuk Fai; Pajares, Frank; Oberman, Paul S.

2004-01-01

423

The Association of Health-Related Fitness with Indicators of Academic Performance in Texas Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the associations between indicators of health-related physical fitness (cardiovascular fitness and body mass index) and academic performance (Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills). Partial correlations were generally stronger for cardiovascular fitness than body mass index and consistently stronger in the middle school

Welk, Gregory J.; Jackson, Allen W.; Morrow, James R., Jr.; Haskell, William H.; Meredith, Marilu D.; Cooper, Kenneth H.

2010-01-01

424

School Adjustment and the Academic Success of Rural African American Early Adolescents in the Deep South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between end-of-year grades and the academic, behavioral, and social characteristics of rural African American youth. Participants included 392 7th and 8th grade students from 2 rural middle schools in the south. Participants were African American and were from 2 communities that have child poverty rates…

Farmer, Thomas W.; Irvin, Matthew J.; Thompson, Jana H.; Hutchins, Bryan C.; Leung, Man-Chi

2006-01-01

425

Aspects of Spirituality and Ideals to Help in Adolescents from Christian Academic High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a recent study, we found that 17-year-old adolescents appreciated most non-formal aspects of spirituality in terms of relational consciousness. Nevertheless, male students expressed a significantly higher self-centeredness than females. By investigating 900 adolescents from Christian academic high schools in the southwest of Germany, the study…

Bussing, Arndt; Kerksieck, Philipp; Foller-Mancini, Axel; Baumann, Klaus

2012-01-01

426

RESEARCHCENTERS THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2011-2012 43  

E-print Network

Research Centers #12;44 THE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF WISCONSIN MEDICAL SCHOOL ACADEMIC BULLETIN 2011­2012 T RESEARCHCENTERS Research The Medical College of Wisconsin is committed to conducting nationally distinguished. The Medical College continues to expand its areas of research excellence, which comprise strong, college

427

What Are the Connections between Subject Developments in Academic and School Geography?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geography, the academic discipline, is in a continual state of change. The major paradigm shifts within the subject are well documented as are calls for unity at times of perceived fragmentation. Changes within the school subject of geography have received less coverage but are equally significant in terms of the future position of the subject…

Rawding, Charles

2010-01-01

428

Entrepreneurship Projects and Pupils' Academic Performance: A Study of Norwegian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many European countries have launched policy strategies for entrepreneurship education in the past decade. The result is a significant increase of entrepreneurship education in schools and higher education institutions in Europe. Entrepreneurship education is supposed to promote entrepreneurial abilities and improve academic performance. This…

Johansen, Vegard; Schanke, Tuva

2014-01-01

429

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2011-2012  

E-print Network

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2011-2012 Revised 1 the need to conduct criminal background checks on all enrolled medical students. Based of a criminal background check policy is necessary. POLICY: 1. Beginning in August 2010, all matriculating

Cinabro, David

430

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2010-2011  

E-print Network

WSU-School of Medicine Criminal Background Check Guidelines Academic Year 2010-2011 PURPOSE criminal background checks on all enrolled medical students. Based on the recommendation ofthe AAMC and the expectations of our clinical partners, the immediate implementation of a criminal background check policy

Rajlich, Vaclav

431

Admission Scores as a Predictor of Academic Success in the Fiji School of Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary education in Fiji ends with the Form 7 examination. Predictive validity for academic success of Form 7 scores which form the basis for admission into the Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery programme of the Fiji School of Medicine was examined via a cohort of 129 students. Success rates for year 1 in 2008, 2009, and 2010 were 90.7…

Ezeala, Christian C.; Swami, Niraj S.; Lal, Nilesh; Hussain, Shagufta

2012-01-01

432

Dean's List for the College of Health Sciences Fall 2012 Academic Department or School Name Honor  

E-print Network

and Environmental Health Glidden, Mary Frances Honors Community and Environmental Health Gomez, Louvier High Honors Community and Environmental Health Harvey, Emily E Honors Community and Environmental Health Ivins, Karen M Academic Department or School Name Honor Community and Environmental Health Christensen, Kayla D Honors

Barrash, Warren

433

SCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014  

E-print Network

and suffering; the fear of death; sexual relations; the absurdity of life; human beings and non-human animalsSCHOOL OF DIVINITY, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY ACADEMIC SESSION 2013-2014 PH2524 LIFE, DEATH & MEANING relating to the meaning and value of life. These topics will include: God, suffering, absurdity, death, sex

Levi, Ran

434

Experiences with Personal, Academic, and Hybrid Writing: A Study of Two High School Seniors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on two high school seniors as they wrote in their British Literature and Psychology classes. We analyse the writing experiences of the two volunteer students as they produced formal academic writing (research, essays, and synopses), personal writing (poems, stories, and personal narratives), and hybrid writing (research written…

Smagorinsky, Peter; Augustine, Sharon Murphy; O'Donnell-Allen, Cindy

2007-01-01

435

Academic and social dimensions of student experience: The high school science classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study I asked how classroom participants defined and acted on academic and social dimensions of classroom life. Because little is known about how students think and feel about classroom experience (Erickson & Schultz, 1992), I focused on their perspectives. In attempting to sort out and report student perspectives, I used a case of one high school science classroom,

Ellen O'neil Longo

1997-01-01

436

Employment During High School: Consequences for Students' Grades in Academic Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

High school students who work intensively at paid jobs tend to have lower grades in academic courses. Prior research has not properly tested theories about the source of the relationship between student employment and grades (or other outcomes), and has not explicitly modeled the potentially reciprocal nature of this relationship. We focus on both the short- and long-term effects of

John Robert Warren; Paul C. LePore; Robert D. Mare

2000-01-01

437

The Development of a Questionnaire on Academic Hardiness for Late Elementary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to develop a questionnaire to measure dimensions of academic hardiness in late elementary school children. Questionnaires were distributed to 1474 children. After a set of exploratory factor analyses in studies 1 and 2, the confirmatory factor analysis results provided support for the 9-factor solution which…

Kamtsios, Spiridon; Karagiannopoulou, Evangelia

2013-01-01

438

The Impact of Values Education on School Ambience and Academic Diligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article will focus on demonstrating the effects of values education on enhancing students' academic diligence through the more positive ambience it creates in the school. Evidence will be drawn from international studies but principally from the Australian Government's Values Education Program and, especially from the "Values Education Good…

Lovat, Terence; Clement, Neville; Dally, Kerry; Toomey, Ron

2011-01-01

439

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information  

E-print Network

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information Alabama Board of Law Examiners State Bar Admissions Office P.O. Box 671 Montgomery, AL 36101-question multiple-choice exam Subjects Tested MBE Subjects: Constitutional Law, Contracts/Sales, Criminal

Sheridan, Jennifer

440

Simply Academic? Why Children with Special Educational Needs Don't Like School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International studies have raised concerns about the academic and social implications of inclusive policies on school engagement and successful learning and, in particular, on the ways in which friendships are formed between students with SEN and other students. This article stems from research findings which show that Irish children with special…

McCoy, Selina; Banks, Joanne

2012-01-01

441

ENRICHMENT PROGRAM FOR ACADEMICALLY TALENTED JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS FROM LOW INCOME FAMILIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A PROPOSAL FOR AN ENRICHMENT PROGRAM FOR ACADEMICALLY TALENTED JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS FROM LOW-INCOME FAMILIES IN CERTAIN AREAS OF BOSTON IS PRESENTED. BASIC ASSUMPTIONS ARE THAT THERE IS AND OBVIOUS AND PRESSING NEED TO GIVE EXTRA HELP TO THE ABLE STUDENT FROM A DISADVANTAGED BACKGROUND, AND THAT A RELATIVELY BRIEF ENRICHMENT EXPERIENCE FOR…

PRESSMAN, HARVEY

442

Career-Related Success-Learning Experiences of Academically Underachieving Urban Middle School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence has supported the effectiveness of educational and psychosocial interventions that include strengths and promote the competence enhancement of schoolchildren. Nevertheless, students in low-income, culturally diverse urban schools who are academically underachieving may be the least likely but most in need to experience feedback about…

Jackson, Margo A.; Perolini, Claudia M.; Fietzer, Alexander W.; Altschuler, Elizabeth; Woerner, Scott; Hashimoto, Naoko

2011-01-01

443

The Effect of School-Specific Parenting Processes on Academic Achievement in Adolescence and Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is inconsistency in the current literature regarding the association between dimensions of parenting processes and academic achievement for adolescents. Further, few studies have extended such an association into young adulthood. In this study, we examined the effect of three dimensions of parenting processes, including school-specific…

Gordon, Mellissa S.; Cui, Ming

2012-01-01

444

Hosted by the Cultures Academic Values and Education research group School of Education TCD  

E-print Network

!! Hosted by the Cultures Academic Values and Education research group School of Education TCD It is fifty years since the Investment in Education study was initiated by the OECD and the Department of Education in 1962. This seminar is intended to mark the extraordinary contribution made by the study

O'Mahony, Donal E.

445

Factors positively influencing academically successful, highly motivated African-American high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is two-fold: (1) to investigate the common factors positively influencing academically successful, highly motivated African-American high school students in their educational pursuits; and (2) to determine ways in which educators can facilitate an increased positive impact on minority students' achievement motivation and transition to higher education. ^ Three sources of data inform the qualitative study.

Linda Caldwell Grant

2001-01-01

446

Obesity, High-Calorie Food Intake, and Academic Achievement Trends among U.S. School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated children's self-reported high-calorie food intake in Grade 5 and its relationship to trends in obesity status and academic achievement over the first 6 years of school. They used 3-level hierarchical linear models in the large-scale database (the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten Cohort). Findings indicated…

Li, Jian; O'Connell, Ann A.

2012-01-01

447

Out-of-School Factors Affecting Academic Achievement. Information Capsule. Volume 1004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Information Capsule is the third in a series of papers addressing factors contributing to low academic achievement. The two previous papers addressed issues relevant to class size reduction and teacher quality/preparation. The premise of this Information Capsule is that there is no single smoking gun relative to improving school performance.…

Romanik, Dale

2010-01-01

448

A Study of the Effectiveness of Ability Grouping on the Academic Achievement of Middle School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of grouping students by ability or achievement on middle school students' academic achievement. Mathematics achievement scores from the California Test of Basic Skills (CTBS) were obtained from 25 seventh graders randomly selected from a group of 80 who had received instruction in an ability-grouped setting for…

Phares, Barbara Georgeson

449

Time and Attention in Urban High Schools: Lessons for School Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is no disputing that for high school students to be college and career ready, they need adequate time to learn, and individualized attention to meet each student's academic goals, learning styles, and social needs. Over the past decade, Education Resource Strategies (ERS) has partnered with urban schools and districts to improve their use of…

Frank, Stephen

2010-01-01

450

Evaluating School Improvement Plans and Their Affect on Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a school improvement plan (SIP) has become an integral part of many school reform efforts. However, there are almost no studies that empirically examine the effectiveness of SIPs. The few studies examining the planning activities of organizations have generally focused on the private sector and have not provided clear or…

Fernandez, Kenneth E.

2011-01-01

451

School Resources and Academic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigate links between students' achievement and several resource inputs in African primary schools, using data from the 2000 Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ-II). We focused on four sub-Saharan countries that had in place legislation mandating free and universal primary schooling: Botswana,…

Lee, Valerie E.; Zuze, Tia Linda

2011-01-01

452

Health Is Academic. A Guide to Coordinated School Health Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a collection of papers that define comprehensive school health programs and their components and provide action steps for their implementation at the local, state, and national levels: (1) "Linking Health and Learning: An Overview of Coordinated School Health Programs" (Floretta Dukes McKenzie and Julius B. Richmond); (2)…

Marx, Eva, Ed.; Wooley, Susan Frelick, Ed.; Northrop, Daphne, Ed.

453

Identifying the Comparative Academic Performance of Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: One of the features of the New Zealand secondary schools system is that achievement closely reflects the taught curriculum. The National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) directly assesses student achievement on the secondary school curriculum through a combination of criterion-based internal and external assessments. The…

Bendikson, Linda; Hattie, John; Robinson, Viviane

2011-01-01

454

Effortful Control, Behavior Problems and Peer Relations: What Predicts Academic Adjustment in Kindergarteners from Low-income Families?  

PubMed Central

This study examined the role of effortful control, behavior problems, and peer relations in the academic adjustment of 74 kindergarten children from primarily low-income families using a short-term longitudinal design. Teachers completed standardized measures of children’s effortful control, internalizing and externalizing problems, school readiness, and academic skills. Children participated in a sociometric interview to assess peer relations. Research Findings: Correlational analyses indicate that children’s effortful control, behavior problems in school, and peer relations are associated with academic adjustment variables at the end of the school year, including school readiness, reading skills, and math skills. Results of regression analyses indicate that household income and children’s effortful control primarily account for variation in children’s academic adjustment. The associations between children’s effortful control and academic adjustment did not vary across sex of the child or ethnicity. Mediational analyses indicate an indirect effect of effortful control on school readiness, through children’s internalizing problems. Practice or Policy: Effortful control emerged as a strong predictor of academic adjustment among kindergarten children from low-income families. Strategies for enhancing effortful control and school readiness among low-income children are discussed. PMID:24163572

Morris, Amanda Sheffield; John, Aesha; Halliburton, Amy L.; Morris, Michael D. S.; Robinson, Lara R.; Myers, Sonya S.; Aucoin, Katherine J.; Keyes, Angela W.; Terranova, Andrew

2013-01-01

455

From Guide to Practice: Improving Your After School Science Program to Increase Student Academic Achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Numerous science organizations, such as NASA, offer educational outreach activities geared towards after school. For some programs, the primary goal is to grow students' love of science. For others, the programs are also intended to increase academic achievement. For those programs looking to support student learning in out-of-school time environments, aligning the program with learning during the classroom day can be a challenge. The Institute for Education Sciences, What Works Clearinghouse, put together a 'Practice Guide' for maximizing learning time beyond the regular school day. These practice guides provide concrete recommendations for educators supported by research. While this guide is not specific to any content or subject-area, the recommendations provided align very well with science education. After school science is often viewed as a fun, dynamic environment for students. Indeed, one of the recommendations to ensure time is structured according to students' needs is to provide relevant and interesting experiences. Given that our after school programs provide such creative environments for students, what other components are needed to promote increased academic achievement? The recommendations provided to academic achievement, include: 1. Align Instruction, 2. Maximize Attendance and Participation, 3. Adapt Instruction, 4. Provide Engaging Experiences, and 5. Evaluate Program. In this session we will examine these five recommendations presented in the Practice Guide, discuss how these strategies align with science programs, and examine what questions each program should address in order to provide experiences that lend themselves to maximizing instruction. Roadblocks and solutions for overcoming challenges in each of the five areas will be presented. Jessica Taylor will present this research based on her role as an author on the Practice Guide, 'Improving Academic Achievement in Out-of-School Time' and her experience working in various informal science programs for NASA.

Taylor, J.

2013-12-01

456

Exploring the Impact of School Leadership on Pupil Outcomes: Results from a Study of Academically Improved and Effective Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to explore the impact of school leadership, particularly that of the principal (head teacher), on school improvement in England. Design/methodology/approach: The study adopts a mixed-methods (MM), longitudinal design to investigate the leadership of a sample of academically effective and improving schools identified from…

Sammons, Pam; Gu, Qing; Day, Christopher; Ko, James

2011-01-01

457

Impact of Previous Pharmacy Work Experience on Pharmacy School Academic Performance  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether students' previous pharmacy-related work experience was associated with their pharmacy school performance (academic and clinical). Methods The following measures of student academic performance were examined: pharmacy grade point average (GPA), scores on cumulative high-stakes examinations, and advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) grades. The quantity and type of pharmacy-related work experience each student performed prior to matriculation was solicited through a student survey instrument. Survey responses were correlated with academic measures, and demographic-based stratified analyses were conducted. Results No significant difference in academic or clinical performance between those students with prior pharmacy experience and those without was identified. Subanalyses by work setting, position type, and substantial pharmacy work experience did not reveal any association with student performance. A relationship was found, however, between age and work experience, ie, older students tended to have more work experience than younger students. Conclusions Prior pharmacy work experience did not affect students' overall academic or clinical performance in pharmacy school. The lack of significant findings may have been due to the inherent practice limitations of nonpharmacist positions, changes in pharmacy education, and the limitations of survey responses. PMID:20498735

Mar, Ellena; T-L Tang, Terrill; Sasaki-Hill, Debra; Kuperberg, James R.; Knapp, Katherine

2010-01-01

458

Academically at-risk students' perceptions of a constructivist high school biology pedagogy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful completion of the Living Environment, one state's high school biology course, is a state graduation requirement. The academically at-risk students enrolled in one suburban public high school had been disproportionately unsuccessful at achieving a passing grade in this course. In response, a constructivist biology curriculum was created to address the needs of at-risk students in a heterogeneous ability classroom. There is a gap in current research on students' perceptions of their learning experiences; consequently, the purpose of this phenomenological study was to obtain at-risk students' perceptions of a constructivist-based curriculum and to clarify what aspects of the Living Environment course assisted in their success. Eight academically at-risk students who successfully passed the Living Environment course were surveyed to seek their perceptions of the curricular and pedagogical change. These data were analyzed using the typological method with the inclusion of both inductive and predetermined categories. The students stated a preference for group work and active engagement. They also found that the binder system introduced in the course kept them better organized and helped them increase academic performance. Students perceived that effort was required but was rewarding. Findings derived from this study may contribute to social change by assisting teachers in tailoring curriculum and pedagogical decisions. This study provided a voice for the academically at-risk student and, in doing so, may contribute to social change by providing insight to teachers and administrators that can help students succeed academically, increase graduation rates, and enhance employment opportunities.

Sweeney, Heidi

459

Relationship of selection criteria to subsequent academic performance in an Australian undergraduate dental school.  

PubMed

In 1998, in addition to previous academic achievement, an aptitude test (UMAT) and a structured interview were introduced into selection for the Bachelor of Dental Science (BDSc), the undergraduate dental course at the University of Western Australia. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the combination of school-leaver dental students' entry scores, some demographic characteristics and subsequent student performance in the undergraduate course. Three hundred and ninety-eight school-leavers who enrolled in the BDSc from 1999 through 2011 were studied. Regression models were constructed comprising entry scores, gender and age as predictors in relation to subsequent academic performance. The main outcome measure was the weighted average mark (WAM) for each of five academic year levels as well as results in specific units, defined as either 'knowledge' based or 'clinically' based. Of the variables studied, previous academic performance and female gender had the strongest relationship with yearly WAM for Years 1 through 4 and for both 'knowledge' based and 'clinically' based units. The interview score showed a strong relationship in the major clinical years and in a range of 'clinically' based units. UMAT scores were less consistent in relationship to WAM. These results support assessment through a highly structured interview together with prior academic achievement as an evidence-based approach to selection of students for this undergraduate dental course. PMID:23279391

Mercer, A; Abbott, P V; Puddey, I B

2013-02-01

460

Negative effects of school-average achievement on academic self-concept: A comparison of the big-fish-little-pond effect across Australian states and territories  

Microsoft Academic Search

ttending academically selective schools is intended to have positive effects, but a growing body of theoretical and empirical research demonstrates that the effects are negative for academic self-concept. The big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE), based on social comparison theory, posits that equally able students will have lower academic self-concepts in academically selective schools than in non- selective schools. Here we test the

Herbert W. Marsh

461

"Absence Makes the Heart Grow Fonder": Students with Chronic Illness Seeking Academic Continuity through Interaction with Their Teachers at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing numbers of young people experience disruption to their schooling owing to chronic illness. Absence from the day-to-day life of their school for prolonged or accumulative periods of time can erode their sense of belonging and create anxiety about falling behind academically. Maintaining positive connections to school can meet their…

Wilkie, Karina J.

2012-01-01

462

Implementing a Universal Stress Management Program for Young School Children: Are there Classroom Climate or Academic Effects?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible academic and classroom climate effects of the universal school program Zippy's Friends, the primary objective of which is to strengthen children's ability to cope with stress. The sample consisted of 1483 children (aged 7–8 years) from 91 second-grade classes in 35 schools. The schools were matched and randomly assigned to

Solveig Holen; Trine Waaktaar; Arne Lervåg; Mette Ystgaard

2012-01-01

463

Responding to the Academic and Social Needs of English Language Learners in High Schools with Shifting Demographics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine how high schools with shifting demographics respond to the academic and social needs of English language learners. Increasingly schools and teachers are asked to teach students who come from homes where English is not the primary language. The implications of shifting demographics impacts high school

Bosworth, Tina M.

2012-01-01

464

Subject areas covered / background The School covers a range of academic disciplines across all areas of life sciences,  

E-print Network

1 Subject areas covered / background The School covers a range of academic disciplines across all areas of life sciences, environment, environmental health, geography and wildlife conservation. Classmarks covered by this school The main classmarks covered by the school are: 333 conservation

Romano, Daniela

465

Closing the Academic Achievement Gap on the California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE) through Professional Learning Communities (PLC) Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of importance that DuFour's nine characteristics of highly effective schools have on closing the academic achievement gap on the California High School Exit Exam, as perceived by high school principals. The study also examined the strategies believed to be most important in…

Buenrostro, Samuel

2012-01-01

466

Air pollution around schools is linked to poorer student health and academic performance.  

PubMed

Exposing children to environmental pollutants during important times of physiological development can lead to long-lasting health problems, dysfunction, and disease. The location of children's schools can increase their exposure. We examined the extent of air pollution from industrial sources around public schools in Michigan to find out whether air pollution jeopardizes children's health and academic success. We found that schools located in areas with the highest air pollution levels had the lowest attendance rates-a potential indicator of poor health-and the highest proportions of students who failed to meet state educational testing standards. Michigan and many other states currently do not require officials considering a site for a new school to analyze its environmental quality. Our results show that such requirements are needed. For schools already in existence, we recommend that their environmental quality should be investigated and improved if necessary. PMID:21543420

Mohai, Paul; Kweon, Byoung-Suk; Lee, Sangyun; Ard, Kerry

2011-05-01

467

School Climate, Family Structure, and Academic Achievement: A Study of Moderation Effects.  

PubMed

School climate has been lauded for its relationship to a host of desirable academic, behavioral, and social-emotional outcomes for youth. The present study tested the hypothesis that school climate counteracts youths' home-school risk by examining the moderating effects of students' school climate perceptions on the relationship between family structure (i.e., two-parent, one-parent, foster-care, and homeless households), and academic performance (i.e., self-reported [grade point average] GPA). The present sample consisted of 902 California public high schools, including responses from over 490,000 students in Grades 9 and 11. Results indicated that, regardless of family structure, students with more positive school climate perceptions self-reported higher GPAs. Youths with two-parent, one-parent, and homeless family structures displayed stepwise, linear improvements in self-reported GPA as perceptions of climate improved. Foster-care students' positive school climate perceptions had a weaker effect on their self-reported GPA compared with students living in other family structures. A unique curvilinear trend was found for homeless students, as the relationship between their school climate perceptions and self-reported GPA was stronger at lower levels. Overall, the moderation effect of positive school climate perceptions on self-reported GPA was strongest for homeless youth and youth from one-parent homes, suggesting that school climate has a protective effect for students living in these family structures. A protective effect was not found for youth in foster-care. Implications for research and practice are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25111464

O'Malley, Meagan; Voight, Adam; Renshaw, Tyler L; Eklund, Katie

2014-08-11

468

Fitness, fatness, and academic performance in seventh-grade elementary school students  

PubMed Central

Background In addition to the benefits on physical and mental health, cardiorespiratory fitness has shown to have positive effects on cognition. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and body weight status on academic performance among seventh-grade students. Methods Participants included 1531 grade 7 students (787 male, 744 female), ranging in age from 12 to 14 years (Mage?=?12.3?±?0.60), from 3 different cohorts. Academic performance was measured using the marks students had, at the end of their academic year, in mathematics, language (Portuguese), foreign language (English), and sciences. To assess cardiorespiratory fitness the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, from Fitnessgram, was used as the test battery. The relationship between academic achievement and the independent and combined association of cardiorespiratory fitness/weight status was analysed, using multinomial logistic regression. Results Cardiorespiratory fitness and weight status were independently related with academic achievement. Fit students, compared with unfit students had significantly higher odds for having high academic achievement (OR?=?2.29, 95% CI: 1.48-3.55, p?academic achievement (OR?=?3.65, 95% CI: 1.82-7.34, p?academic achievement in seventh-grade students independent of the different cohorts, providing further support that aerobically fit and normal weight students are more likely to have better performance at school regardless of the year that they were born. PMID:25001376

2014-01-01

469

Academic Language Socialization in High School Writing Conferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines multilingual high school writers' individual talk with their teachers in two advanced English language development classes to observe how such talk shapes linguistically diverse adolescents' writing. Addressing adolescent writers' language socialization through microethnographic discourse analysis, the author…

Gilliland, Betsy

2014-01-01

470

Factors Influencing Student Academic Performance in Online High School Algebra  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the effect of teacher comments, students' demographic information and learning management system utilisation on student final scores in algebra courses in a K-12 virtual learning environment. Students taking algebra courses in a state virtual school in the Midwestern US region during 2007-2008 participated in this study.…

Liu, Feng; Cavanaugh, Cathy

2012-01-01

471

Catholic Business Schools and the Crisis of the Academic Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to many analysts, after the dot-com, housing and financial bubbles, the next bubble to burst may be that of higher education and especially business education schools. Given this possible scenario, there are two ways one might interpret the current crisis in education, accompanied by two proposals for addressing the problems. According…

Hoevel, Carlos

2012-01-01

472

Family Instability, School Context, and the Academic Careers of Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An emerging literature suggests that the increasingly complex family histories of American children are linked with multiple domains of adolescent development. Much of this scholarship focuses on associations at the individual level. Here, the authors consider whether key dimensions of the school context, specifically the aggregate level of family…

Cavanagh, Shannon E.; Fomby, Paula

2012-01-01

473

Getting It Done: Leading Academic Success in Unexpected Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Getting It Done" describes in clear and helpful detail what leaders of successful high-poverty and high-minority schools have done to promote and sustain student achievement. It follows two celebrated books by Karin Chenoweth: "It's Being Done," which established that the work of educating all children is possible, and "How It's Being Done,"…

Chenoweth, Karin; Theokas, Christina

2011-01-01

474

Academic Discipline and Personal Finance Instruction in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite public support for personal finance instruction in high school, its effectiveness has not been firmly established. The current study investigates instructional approaches as a reason for these inconsistent outcomes by comparing survey responses of business education, family and consumer sciences, and social studies/economics teachers. The…

Loibl, Cäzilia; Fisher, Patti J.

2013-01-01

475

Incorporating Library School Interns on Academic Library Subject Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study analyzes the use of library school interns on subject-based teams for the social sciences, humanities, and sciences in the San Jose State University Library. Interns worked closely with team librarians on reference, collection development/management, and instruction activities. In a structured focus group, interns reported that the…

Sargent, Aloha R.; Becker, Bernd W.; Klingberg, Susan

2011-01-01

476

"It's Being Done": Academic Success in Unexpected Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This straightforward and inspiring book takes readers into schools where educators believe--and prove--that all children, even those considered "hard-to-teach," can learn to high standards. Their teachers and principals refuse to write them off and instead show how thoughtful instruction, high expectations, stubborn commitment, and careful…

Chenoweth, Karin

2007-01-01

477

Factors Affecting High School Students' Academic Motivation in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to investigate predictive relationships among student characteristics that influence motivation for learning and achievement. A non-Western sample was chosen to test the generalisability of findings outside the Western cultural and social models. The participants were 6,539 students from 14 public high schools distributed across the western half of Taiwan. They were from three grade

Patricia L. Hardré; Ching-Huei Chen; Su-Hua Huang; Chen-Ting Chiang; Fen-Lan Jen; Leslie Warden

2006-01-01

478

Academic attainment and the high school science experiences among high-achieving African American males  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the educational experiences of high achieving African American males. More specifically, it analyzes the influences on their successful navigation through high school science. Through a series of interviews, observations, questionnaires, science portfolios, and review of existing data the researcher attempted to obtain a deeper understanding of high achieving African American males and their limitations to academic attainment and high school science experiences. The investigation is limited to ten high achieving African American male science students at Woodcrest High School. Woodcrest is situated at the cross section of a suburban and rural community located in the southeastern section of the United States. Although this investigation involves African American males, all of whom are successful in school, its findings should not be generalized to this nor any other group of students. The research question that guided this study is: What are the limitations to academic attainment and the high school science experiences of high achieving African American males? The student participants expose how suspension and expulsion, special education placement, academic tracking, science instruction, and teacher expectation influence academic achievement. The role parents play, student self-concept, peer relationships, and student learning styles are also analyzed. The anthology of data rendered three overarching themes: (1) unequal access to education, (2) maintenance of unfair educational structures, and (3) authentic characterizations of African American males. Often the policies and practices set in place by school officials aid in creating hurdles to academic achievement. These policies and practices are often formed without meaningful consideration of the unintended consequences that may affect different student populations, particularly the most vulnerable. The findings from this study expose that high achieving African American males face major obstacles and limitations to achievement. Student study participants believe African American male students are targeted for suspension more often because of their gender and race, parents of high achieving African American males show some uncertainty about the school's ability to treat their sons in a fair and equitable manner, and teachers see indifference and the lack of science skills as the root cause of the diminished presence of African American male participation in higher level science classes.

Trice, Rodney Nathaniel

479

Demographic profiles associated with academic performance for third grade students in North Forest and Aldine Independent School Districts in Texas  

E-print Network

The study examined the demographic profiles associated with academic performance for third grade students in North Forest and Aldine Independent School Districts (ISDs) in Texas. Specifically, the study showed the impact that gender, ethnicity...

Slaughter, Steven Darryll

2009-05-15

480

Longitudinal predictors of school-age academic achievement: unique contributions of toddler-age aggression, oppositionality, inattention, and hyperactivity.  

PubMed

This project examined the unique predictive validity of parent ratings of toddler-age aggression, oppositionality, inattention, and hyperactivity-impulsivity to academic achievement at school-age in a sample of 566 high-risk children and families. The study also investigated potential indirect effects of the Family Check-Up on school-age academic achievement through changes in child behavior problems. The results demonstrated that toddler-age aggression was most consistently associated with school-age academic achievement, albeit modestly. Moreover, findings showed that the intervention predicted greater decreases in aggression from ages 2-3 to 4-5 compared to controls. The results suggest that in high-risk toddler-aged children, aggression may be a more consistent predictor of school-age academic achievement than other externalizing dimensions, which has implications for early identification and efforts to promote children's adaptation. PMID:22527610

Brennan, Lauretta M; Shaw, Daniel S; Dishion, Thomas J; Wilson, Melvin

2012-11-01

481

Violence Exposure, Sleep Disturbance, and Poor Academic Performance in Middle School  

PubMed Central

Violence has been linked to poor academic outcomes in youth, but there is little understanding of the mechanisms underlying this relation. This longitudinal survey study investigated whether sleep disturbance potentially mediates the associations between academic achievement and two forms of violence exposure--community violence and peer victimization-- in 498 seventh-grade youth. Structural equation models showed that community violence was associated with lower grade point average (GPA) directly and indirectly via sleep problems, whereas peer victimization was associated with lower GPA just indirectly via sleep problems. The structural models controlled for potential confounds, including depressive symptoms, intrusive thoughts and absenteeism. The findings suggest that failing grades and sleepiness in school may be signs that youth are exposed to violence. Interventions to improve sleep hygiene and reduce violence exposure may help to improve academic outcomes for youth. PMID:23315234

Lepore, Stephen J.; Kliewer, Wendy

2013-01-01

482

Academic potential among African American adolescents in juvenile detention centers: Implications for reentry to school  

PubMed Central

The study explores Black adolescent detainees academic potential and motivation to return to school to inform best practices and policies for juvenile reentry to educational settings. Adolescent detainees (N = 1,576) who were recruited from one male and one female youth detention facility, responded to surveys that assessed post-detention educational plans, as well as social and emotional characteristics, and criminal history. Multivariate analysis techniques were used to compare factors across race and gender, and plot linear relationships between key indicators of academic potential with associate factors. Findings revealed that youth were more likely to evince academic potential when they had a healthy level of self-esteem, adequate future goal orientation, positive mood, family and community involvement, fewer traumatic events, and less delinquent activity. PMID:21654936

Toldson, Ivory A.; Woodson, Kamilah M.; Braithwaite, Ronald; Holliday, Rhonda C.

2010-01-01

483

Improving Academic Self-Efficacy, School Connectedness, and Identity in Struggling Middle School Girls: A Preliminary Study of the REAL Girls Program.  

PubMed

Girls struggling to be successful in middle school are often dealing with negative life experiences that affect their ability to achieve academically. Frequently, their academic failures and problem behaviors are associated with feeling overwhelmed by difficult and challenging life circumstances. In the absence of intervention, these patterns may contribute to girls chronically underperforming in school, dropping out of school, and becoming involved in delinquent and high-risk behaviors. This article describes a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study of the REAL Girls program. REAL Girls was designed to help struggling middle school girls develop resilience-particularly academic self-efficacy, school connectedness, and identity-and achieve successful outcomes in school and life. In this study, using a crossover design, 48 girls identified as experiencing academic failure, school behavior problems, or truancy participated in one of two implementations of this 3-day intervention. Findings based on both quantitative and qualitative data suggest that REAL Girls contributed to positive increases in academic self-efficacy, school connectedness, and identity. Repeated measures analysis of variance and paired t tests suggest significant increases in each outcome variable, both immediately after program delivery and 2 weeks later, and effect size estimates suggest moderate to large program impact. Focus groups conducted 90 days after implementation of the program confirmed the quantitative findings and support the efficacy of the REAL Girls program and approach. PMID:25145460

Mann, Michael J; Smith, Megan L; Kristjansson, Alfgeir L

2015-02-01

484

The Impact of Principal Perception on Student Academic Climate and Achievement in High School: How Does It Measure Up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the independent direct effects of student and principal perceptions of academic climate on student achievement in high school. To date, few studies have considered the influence of principal perceptions of academic climate on student achievement. In the present study, we test a set of two-level hierarchical…

Urick, Angela; Bowers, Alex J.

2014-01-01

485

Academic Performance of High School Students as a Function of Mental Capacity, Cognitive Style, Mobility-Fixity Dimension, and Creativity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students at a Venezuela high school were tested to determine creativity, cognitive variables, and academic performance. Multiple regression analyses showed that the mobility-fixity dimension was the most consistent predictor of academic performance with creativity scores also explaining variance between subject areas. Results suggest the…

Niaz, Mansoor; De Nunez, Grecia Saud; De Pineda, Isangela Ruiz

2000-01-01

486

Modeling Children's Academic Development at School--Part I: Contrasting Quantitative Approaches to the Analysis of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educational questions of research interest focus on individual differences in attitudes and behaviors related to academic achievement, changes in such attitudes and behaviors over time, and the types of academic environments that facilitate or prevent development of achievement attitudes and behaviors at school. This paper, the first in a…

Thorpe, Pamela K.

487

Academic Drift and Curriculum Debris: Analysis of High School Course-Taking Patterns and its Implications for Local Policy Makers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that Transcript Analysis (TA) is capable of informing decision makers about a range of educational issues and reform proposals. Illustrates the potential of TA by examining the issues of educational quality and equity as reflected in patterns of academic vs non-academic course-taking among high school students. (BR)

Murphy, Joseph; And Others

1987-01-01

488

The Academic Resilience and Psychosocial Characteristics of Inner-City English Learners Participating in a Museum-Based School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School in the Park is a museum-based intervention intended to nurture the resilience of inner-city students in third grade to fifth grade. The academic resilience and personal development of participants were compared to those of nonparticipants for 2 years. Although the groups differed in academic resilience for the duration of the study, they…

Kanevsky, Lannie; Corke, Michael; Frangkiser, Lorri

2008-01-01

489

Correlation among High School Senior Students' Test Anxiety, Academic Performance and Points of University Entrance Exam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test anxiety seems like a benign problem to some people, but it can be potentially serious when it leads to high levels of distress and academic failure. The aim of this study is to define the correlation among high school senior students' test anxiety, academic performance (GPA) and points of university entrance exam (UEE). The study group…

Karatas, Hakan; Alci, Bulent; Aydin, Hasan

2013-01-01

490

Academic Performance, Course Completion Rates, and Student Perception of the Quality and Frequency of Interaction in a Virtual High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between students' perceptions of teacher-student interaction and academic performance at an asynchronous, self-paced, statewide virtual high school. Academic performance was measured by grade awarded and course completion. There were 2269 students who responded to an 18-item survey designed to measure student…

Hawkins, Abigail; Graham, Charles R.; Sudweeks, Richard R.; Barbour, Michael K.

2013-01-01

491

Predictors of Adolescents' Academic Achievement and Engagement in School (R)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research conducted during 1999-2000 investigating adolescents at risk, led to the development of a short form questionnaire (ISM-S) specifically calibrated to distinguish between the intention to either complete or leave school. Using the four subscales of this instrument (ISM-S) and obtaining teacher's ratings on the likelihood of students' intention to leave, research was conducted during 2002-2003 on five hundred and

Margaret H. Vickers; Katrina B. Simpson; Tim Fitzgerald; Martin Dowson

492

A study of the attitudes and academic achievement in biology of females in a single-sex school vs. a coeducational school in the Philadelphia Archdiocesan secondary schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is proof that the educational system has conveyed unrealistic role expectations and has neglected to address the changing needs of girls. Children form attitudes about themselves and others based on the communications they get over time from parents, other adults, peers, and a variety of societal influences, including school. This study focused on two groups of tenth-grade high school, female, biology students in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. The purpose was to compare attitude in science and academic achievement of females in a single-sex vs. a coeducational school. Data collection included three attitudinal surveys: Women in Science, Science Attitude Scale, and Perceptions of Science and Scientists, also the National Association of Biology Teachers/National Science Teachers High School Biology Examination Version B. administered as a pretest and posttest to measure academic achievement. These instruments were used to determine if the differences between attitudes and perceptions toward science and achievement in science were alike for females in a single-sex school and a coeducational school. The study also tested to see if females in a single-sex school would attain greater academic achievement in biology than girls in a coeducational school. The Chi-square statistic was used to analyze data in the three attitudinal surveys. The NABT/NSTA High School Biology Examination determined the students' initial and final competency levels in general biology. The mean science achievement of each of the two groups was tested for statistical significance using the t-test. In the two schools the t-test statistic showed significant difference between the pretest and a slight statistical difference on the posttest; the preferred analysis was an ANCOVA used to compare the posttest scores using the pretest as a covariate. The data implies that attitudes and perceptions are basically the same in both environments with minor differences. Results of these analyses suggest that there was no significant difference in academic achievement for girls in either environment. Further research into programs, which promote science achievement among girls and boys, should investigate the significance of the school environment in enhancing not only science achievement but also attitudes toward science.

Proach, John Ann

2000-11-01

493

Lessons from the Lone Star State: Designing a Sustainable Financial Model to Expand Early College High School in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas is a national leader in creating early college high schools, an innovative small school model that blends secondary and postsecondary education with intensive supports to increase college readiness and success for underachieving students. The state has 29 early college schools, with more opening in the 2008-2009 academic year, thanks largely…

Goldberger, Susan; Santos, Janet

2009-01-01

494

Elementary Organizational Structures and Young Adolescents' Self-Concept and Classroom Environment Perceptions across the Transition to Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transitions can be difficult at any age; however, the move from elementary school to middle school, coupled with the onset of adolescence, is often associated with a myriad of psychological and academic declines. One strategy currently used to "ready" elementary students for middle school is a departmentalized organizational structure. The purpose…

Parker, Audra K.

2009-01-01

495

The Effects of Individual and School Factors on University Students' Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis article examines the factors that influence university students'academic performance, focusing on the role of student background and school factors. Using data on the first-year students at the University of Western Australia in 2001, two methodologies are employed. The first is analogous to an input-output approach, and the second is a random coefficients model. A key finding is that high

Rosemary Win; Paul W. Miller

2005-01-01

496

Motivation and Academic Help-Seeking in High School Computer Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of this study was to determine the degree to which academic motivation predicted the executive help-seeking, instrumental help-seeking, perceived benefits of help-seeking, and avoidance of help-seeking of high school students enrolled in computer science ( n = 314). Task goals were positively associated with instrumental help-seeking and perceiving the benefits of help-seeking and negatively associated with executive

Yuk Fai Cheong; Frank Pajares; Paul S. Oberman

2004-01-01

497

Missional Imaginations for Theological Education: Mixed Model, Exploratory, Action-Oriented Research Mapping the Theological Identity and Organizational Readiness for Change of Five Theological School Systems in the United States Originating after 1945  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation explores the formal theologies and organizational readiness for change with a view towards adopting missional prototypes for theological education across a school's (system's) tradition, curriculum, and structure. The research assessed five theological schools in the United States through an exploratory, action-oriented,…

Small, Kyle J. A.

2009-01-01

498

Impact of Time Allocation Practices on Academic Outcomes for Students from a 2-Campus Pharmacy School  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess how students from 2 campuses spent their time during P1-P3 (first through third) years, and whether that time allocation impacted their APPE grades and NAPLEX performance. Methods: Data from 2 graduating classes were gathered, including baseline student demographics, academic performance, licensing examination scores and pass rates, and an annual internal student survey. For the survey, students were asked how much time they spent each week on class attendance, watching recorded lectures, studying and course-related activities, school-sponsored extracurricular activities, and work. Data was analyzed by campus for the 3 years (P1-P3) and then evaluated separately as individual academic years. Results: There were statistical differences between campuses in attending class, watching recorded lectures, and participating in school activities. However, there was no statistical difference between the 2 campuses in APPE grades, NAPLEX scores, or pass rates. Conclusion: How students from these 2 campuses spent their time during pharmacy school was not predictive of academic success.

Morgan, Jill A.; Lebovitz, Lisa

2014-01-01

499

Study of Preschool Parents and Caregivers Use of Technology and PBS KIDS Transmedia Resources: A Report to the CPB-PBS "Ready to Learn Initiative"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaders of the CPB-PBS "Ready To Learn" Initiative understand the important role parents and caregivers play in ensuring young children's healthy development and academic learning. In order for young children, especially those living in traditionally underserved communities, to succeed at school and thrive outside of the classroom, educational…

Pasnik, Shelley; Llorente, Carlin

2012-01-01

500

Black high school students’ critical racial awareness, school-based racial socialization, and academic resilience  

E-print Network

communities, and schools. The project of building culturalbroader project aiming to understand how various high schoolprojects focus specifically on the role of parents. Black students spend many hours in schools

Graves, Daren

2014-01-01