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1

Social Networking Tools for Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an exploratory study investigating the use of social networking tools in academic libraries, examining the extent of their use, library staff's perceptions of their usefulness and challenges, and factors influencing decisions to use or not to use such tools. Invitations to participate in a web-based survey were sent to 140 university…

Chu, Samuel Kai-Wah; Du, Helen S.

2013-01-01

2

Academic use of custom social networks in translation training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widespread application of e-learning in traditional learning contexts can be justified only if it offers results that are better than those previously achieved. Research into the academic use of social networks has focused on a range of fields including learner motivation and sense of community. This area of study seeks to disprove the negative ideas inherent in such networks

María-Dolores Olvera-Lobo; Juncal Gutiérrez-Artacho

2012-01-01

3

The Influence of Social Networking Sites on High School Students' Social and Academic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the effects of social network sites on youth social and academic development. First, I provide a critical analysis of the extant research literature surrounding social network sites and youth. I merge scholarly thought in the areas of Internet studies, digital divides, social capital theory, psychological well-being,…

Ahn, June

2010-01-01

4

Academic Social Networking Brings Web 2.0 Technologies to the Middle Grades  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Educators can use online social networking tools to help teach academic content. The authors describe one model for using academic social networking in the middle grades and discuss implementation and security concerns.

Gregory Taranto

5

The Relationship between Online Social Networking and Academic and Social Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the relationship between online social networking (OSN) and perceptions of academic and social integration for first-year residential students at a rural regional comprehensive university. Students spent an average of 2.5 hours on OSN websites per day, primarily interacting with campus peers, friends and family. There was…

Kord, JoLanna; Wolf-Wendel, Lisa

2009-01-01

6

Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao  

E-print Network

* Social Network Extraction of Academic Researchers Jie Tang, Duo Zhang, and Limin Yao Department. Abstract This paper addresses the issue of extraction of an academic researcher social network or focused communities such as music communities. Unfortunately, the method is not sufficient for mining

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

7

Frameworks for Understanding the Nature of Interactions, Networking, and Community in a Social Networking Site for Academic Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a new social networking site, Cloudworks, which has been developed to enable discussion and sharing of learning and teaching ideas/designs and to promote reflective academic practice. The site aims to foster new forms of social and participatory practices (peer critiquing, sharing, user-generated content, aggregation, and…

Conole, Grainne; Galley, Rebecca; Culver, Juliette

2011-01-01

8

Early adolescent friendships and academic adjustment: examining selection and influence processes with longitudinal social network analysis.  

PubMed

This study investigated early adolescent friendship selection and social influence with regard to academic motivation (self-efficacy and intrinsic value), engagement (effortful and disruptive behavior), and achievement (GPA calculated from report card grades) among 6th graders (N = 587, 50% girls at Wave 1; N = 576, 52% girls at Wave 2) followed from fall to spring within 1 academic year. A stochastic actor-based model of social network analysis was used to overcome methodological limitations of prior research on friends, peer groups, and academic adjustment. Evidence that early adolescents sought out friends who were similar to themselves (selection) was found in regard to academic self-efficacy, and a similar trend was found for achievement. Evidence that friends became more similar to their friends over time (influence) was found for all aspects of academic adjustment except academic self-efficacy. Collectively, results indicate that selection effects were not as pervasive as influence effects in explaining similarity among friends in academic adjustment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25221841

Shin, Huiyoung; Ryan, Allison M

2014-11-01

9

It's Not Just What You Know, It's Who You Know: Testing a Model of the Relative Importance of Social Networks to Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applying three mathematical modeling techniques, this study proposes and tests the fit of an academic performance model, and then estimates the relative importance of four performance predictors: academic ability, performance goal orientation, educational technology use, and social network density. Drawing on social network theory, findings from…

Rizzuto, Tracey E.; LeDoux, Jared; Hatala, John Paul

2009-01-01

10

The Role of Social Networks in the Adjustment and Academic Success of International Students: A Case Study of a University in the Southwest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a qualitative investigation of the role that social networks play in the adjustment and academic success of international students. With large numbers of international students enrolled on US campuses, it is important for practitioners to prepare, understand and address their dynamic needs. Based on social network, social capital and…

Kisang, Benjamin

2010-01-01

11

Social Network Sites and Student-Lecturer Communication: An Academic Voice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a synthesis of existing ideas relating to the use of social network sites by faculty within higher education institutions (HEIs) to communicate with the student body. As previous research has been from a student-centric perspective, importantly this study explores the use of social networks for student-faculty communication…

Jones, Joanna; Gaffney-Rhys, Ruth; Jones, Edward

2011-01-01

12

Early Adolescent Friendships and Academic Adjustment: Examining Selection and Influence Processes with Longitudinal Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated early adolescent friendship selection and social influence with regard to academic motivation (self-efficacy and intrinsic value), engagement (effortful and disruptive behavior), and achievement (GPA calculated from report card grades) among 6th graders (N = 587, 50% girls at Wave 1; N = 576, 52% girls at Wave 2) followed…

Shin, Huiyoung; Ryan, Allison M.

2014-01-01

13

Topic and Role Discovery in Social Networks with Experiments on Enron and Academic Email  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous work in social network analysis (SNA) has modeled the existence of links from one entity to another, but not the attributes such as language content or topics on those links. We present the Author-Recipient-Topic (ART) model for social network analysis, which learns topic distributions based on the direction-sensitive messages sent between entities. The model builds on Latent Dirichlet Allocation

Andrew Mccallum; Xuerui Wang; Andrés Corrada-emmanuel

2007-01-01

14

Re-Imagining Internet Scholarship: Academic Uses and Abuses of the Influential Internet Social Network, Facebook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its inception at Harvard in 2004, the social network, Facebook, has grown dramatically and spread across the globe. It will soon have 1 billion users and is now operative in over 75 languages. A large percentage of undergraduates are now active on Facebook. Much of the recent literature on Facebook focuses on business applications and how it…

Nam, Kyoung-Ah; Fry, Gerald W.

2012-01-01

15

Social Networking? Secure Networking?  

E-print Network

of social networking in the workplace A nurse be able to show a patient the best consumer education videosSocial Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12 profile for your personal friends vs. professional friends? · What kind of time management strategies do

Chapman, Michael S.

16

Content Generation and Social Network Interaction within Academic Library Facebook Pages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of Facebook to share resources and engage patrons continues to gain acceptance within academic libraries. While many studies have analyzed the types of content academic libraries share on Facebook, there has not yet been a full examination of how this content is generated. This article examined the posting methods, the user responses, and…

Witte, Ginna Gauntner

2014-01-01

17

The Author-Recipient-Topic Model for Topic and Role Discovery in Social Networks: Experiments with Enron and Academic Email  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous work in social network analysis (SNA) has modeled the existence of links from one entity to another, but not the language content or topics on those links. We present the Author-Recipient-Topic (ART) model for social network analysis, which learns topic distributions based on the the direction- sensitive messages sent between entities. The model builds on Latent Dirichlet Allocation and

Andrew McCallum; Andr ´ es Corrada-Emmanuel; Xuerui Wang

18

Social Bookmarking in Academic Libraries: Trends and Applications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an exploration of the potential utilization of social bookmarking web sites by academic libraries. These web sites, which allow users and organizations to create accounts for bookmarking online content, provide academic libraries tools to collaborate and network, organize and share electronic resources and teach information…

Redden, Carla S.

2010-01-01

19

"Only Connect": Mixed Methods Study of How First-Year Students Create Residential Academic and Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key component in the success of students' first-year experience is their successful academic and social integration into the college environment (Tinto, 1993). Researchers have specified integration in terms of student behaviors and perceptions (Berger & Milem, 1999; Hurtado & Carter, 1997) and also studied it in terms of engagement (Kuh, 2009)…

Smith, Rachel Anne

2010-01-01

20

Semantic Networks and Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To illustrate the need for social network metadata within semantic metadata. Design/methodology/approach: Surveys properties of social networks and the semantic web, suggests that social network analysis applies to semantic content, argues that semantic content is more searchable if social network metadata is merged with semantic web…

Downes, Stephen

2005-01-01

21

Connectibles : tangible social networking  

E-print Network

This thesis presents "Connectibles," an instantiation of a tangible social network, a new type of social network application rooted in physical objects and real world social behavior. This research is inspired by social ...

Kalanithi, Jeevan James

2007-01-01

22

Academic Employment Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Academic Employment Network provides educators with an opportunity to browse current educational employment opportunities across the United States. Users select the state they are interested in, and receive a listing of jobs arranged by district or institution and job title. Information on each position is provided, as well as instructions for contacting the employer. Administrators seeking to hire educators may place advertisements (for a fee) by email, telephone, or mail; advertisements run for 30 days. Additional information provided on the site includes certification requirements for most states, as well as links to relocation services such as school district profiles and cost-of-living comparisons.

23

Going Social: The Impact of Social Networking in Promoting Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growth and the popularity of the Social networks has a high impact on the development of the students in the field of Personality, Attitudes, Knowledge and on its whole academic performance in classroom and society. This paper envisage on the impact of Social Network on Education and Training of the students.

Jain, Neelesh Kumar; Verma, Ashish; Verma, Rama Shankar; Tiwari, Prashant

2012-01-01

24

Language, Culture, Gender, and Academic Socialization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has explored the complex, situated process by which students from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds become socialized into academic discourses and practices. As part of a multiple case study involving seven international students, this study provides an in-depth analysis of the academic discourse socialization

Morita, Naoko

2009-01-01

25

Computer Networks As Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer networks are inherently social networks, linking people, organizations, and knowledge. They are social institutions that should not be studied in isolation but as integrated into everyday lives. The proliferation of computer networks has facilitated a deemphasis on group solidarities at work and in the community and afforded a turn to networked societies that are loosely bounded and sparsely knit.

Barry Wellman

2001-01-01

26

Adoption of Social Networking in Education: A Study of the Use of Social Networks by Higher Education Students in Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of social networks is a growing phenomenon, being increasingly important in both private and academic life. Social networks are used as tools to enable users to have social interaction. The use of social networks (SNs) complements and enhances the teaching in traditional classrooms. For example, YouTube, Facebook, wikis, and blogs provide…

Al-Mukhaini, Elham M.; Al-Qayoudhi, Wafa S.; Al-Badi, Ali H.

2014-01-01

27

Wayfinding in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

Liben-Nowell, David

28

Social Insect Networks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social insect colonies have many of the properties of adaptive networks. The simple rules governing how local interactions among individuals translate into group behaviors are found across social groups, giving social insects the potential to have a profound impact on our understanding of the interplay between network dynamics and social evolution.

Jennifer Fewell (Arizona State University; School of Life Sciences)

2003-09-26

29

SOCIAL NETWORKS, SOCIAL CAPITAL AND  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a theoretical framework on the relationship between social networks, social capital and knowledge productivity within organizations. In our knowledge economy, the competitive advantage of organisations relies on the capability to adapt to the changing environment by the continuous generation and application of new knowledge (Harrison & Kessels, 2004 p. 3). This specific capability is described as knowledge

Tjip de Jong

30

Professional social networking.  

PubMed

We review the current state of social communication between healthcare professionals, the role of consumer social networking, and some emerging technologies to address the gaps. In particular, the review covers (1) the current state of loose social networking for continuing medical education (CME) and other broadcast information dissemination; (2) social networking for business promotion; (3) social networking for peer collaboration, including simple communication as well as more robust data-centered collaboration around patient care; and (4) engaging patients on social platforms, including integrating consumer-originated data into the mix of healthcare data. We will see how, as the nature of healthcare delivery moves from the institution-centric way of tradition to a more social and networked ambulatory pattern that we see emerging today, the nature of health IT has also moved from enterprise-centric systems to more socially networked, cloud-based options. PMID:25308391

Rowley, Robert D

2014-12-01

31

Interests Diffusion in Social Networks  

E-print Network

Understanding cultural phenomena on Social Networks (SNs) and exploiting the implicit knowledge about their members is attracting the interest of different research communities both from the academic and the business side. The community of complexity science is devoting significant efforts to define laws, models, and theories, which, based on acquired knowledge, are able to predict future observations (e.g. success of a product). In the mean time, the semantic web community aims at engineering a new generation of advanced services by defining constructs, models and methods, adding a semantic layer to SNs. In this context, a leapfrog is expected to come from a hybrid approach merging the disciplines above. Along this line, this work focuses on the propagation of individual interests in social networks. The proposed framework consists of the following main components: a method to gather information about the members of the social networks; methods to perform some semantic analysis of the Domain of Interest; a p...

D'Agostino, Gregorio; De Nicola, Antonio; Tucci, Salvatore

2015-01-01

32

Academe's New Girl Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A "networking" processing pioneered by the Committee for the Concerns of Women in New England Colleges and Universities, which is establishing a New Girl network to compete with and eventually mesh with the Old Boy system, is described. Lobbying and conference efforts of HERS (Higher Education Resource Services) are reported. (LBH)

Stent, Angela

1978-01-01

33

Stop Social Network Pitfalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ask a group of teenagers how they spend their spare time and most will mention Facebook, YouTube, World of Warcraft, or Second Life – ‘virtual’ social networks that bring millions of people together online. The benefits of social networks have been touted but what about the pitfalls? Some teens will share everything about themselves to hundreds of online friends, most

K. Michael

2010-01-01

34

Computer Mediated Communication for Social and Academic Purposes: Profiles of Use and University Students' Gratifications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study approaches the Internet as a social space, where university students make use of computer mediated communication (CMC) applications, i.e. e-mail, instant messaging and social network sites, in order to satisfy social and academic needs. We focus on university students, because they represent one of the most avid groups of CMC…

Vrocharidou, Anatoli; Efthymiou, Ilias

2012-01-01

35

Academic and Social Motives and Drinking Behavior  

PubMed Central

This longitudinal study of 1,447 first-time college students tested separate time-varying covariate models of the relations between academic and social motives/behaviors and alcohol use and related problems from senior year of high school through the end of the second year in college. Structural equation models identified small but significant inverse relations between academic motives/behaviors and alcohol use across all time points, with relations of somewhat larger magnitude between academic motives/behaviors and alcohol-related problems across all semesters other than senior year in high school. At all time points, there were much larger positive relations between social motives/behaviors and alcohol use across all semesters, with smaller but significant relations between social motives/behaviors and alcohol-related problems. Multi-group models found considerable consistency in the relations between motives/behaviors and alcohol-related outcomes across gender, race/ethnicity, and family history of alcohol problems, although academic motives/behaviors played a stronger protective role for women, and social motives were a more robust risk factor for Caucasian and Latino students and individuals with a positive family history of alcohol problems. Implications for alcohol prevention efforts among college students are discussed. PMID:20025363

Vaughan, Ellen L.; Corbin, William R.; Fromme, Kim

2011-01-01

36

Autism, Social Competence, and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, a reader is asking for advice regarding her 10-year-old daughter who is having difficulty with her reading and focusing skills and social skills. The author recommends that her daughter should have a full evaluation of her academic skills and potentials inclusive of psychology, speech, and occupational therapy. The author also…

Schriber Orloff, Susan N.

2009-01-01

37

Social Capital in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of social capital in context of the online social networks is presented in the paper. Not only the specific elements, which characterize the single person and influence the individual's social capital like static social capi- tal, activity component, and social position, but also the ways of stimulation of the social capital are described.

Przemyslaw Kazienko; Katarzyna Musial

2006-01-01

38

Online social networks in economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how economists study social networks. While economists borrow from other fields like sociology or computer science, their approach of modeling of social networks is distinguished by the emphasis on the role of choices under constraints. Economists investigate how socioeconomic background and economic incentives affect the structure and composition of social networks. The characteristics of social networks are

Adalbert Mayer

2009-01-01

39

Social Work Contract I agree to the following academic contract  

E-print Network

Social Work Contract I agree to the following academic contract: Social workers serve a wide diversity. Social work services should be provided without prejudice and/or imposition of the worker situations in connection with professional development and academic concerns arising in the social work

Suzuki, Masatsugu

40

Online Advertising in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online social networks offer opportunities to analyze user behavior and social connectivity and leverage resulting insights for effective online advertising. This chapter focuses on the role of social network information in online display advertising.

Bagherjeiran, Abraham; Bhatt, Rushi P.; Parekh, Rajesh; Chaoji, Vineet

41

Search using social networks  

E-print Network

In this thesis, we present an approach to the problem of personalized web search which makes use of the searcher's social network, in addition to the hyper-link based score used in most search engines. This combination of ...

Ammar, Ammar (Ammar T.)

2010-01-01

42

Using Social Networking in the Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With celebrities discussing Twitter on television talk shows, Facebook being used by people to share pictures of their grandchildren, and academic seminars being delivered in Second Life, it is hard to get through a day without being faced with some sort of social networking tool. Librarians often talk about the importance of outreach and of…

Lindsay, Elizabeth Blakesley

2009-01-01

43

Affinity driven social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we present a model for evolving networks, where the driven force is related to the social affinity between individuals of a population. In the model, a set of individuals initially arranged on a regular ordered network and thus linked with their closest neighbors are allowed to rearrange their connections according to a dynamics closely related to that of the stable marriage problem. We show that the behavior of some topological properties of the resulting networks follows a non trivial pattern.

Ruyú, B.; Kuperman, M. N.

2007-04-01

44

Graphing Your Social Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students analyze their social networks using graph theory. They gather data on their own social relationships, either from Facebook interactions or the interactions they have throughout the course of a day, recording it in Microsoft Excel and using Cytoscape (a free, downloadable application) to generate social network graphs that visually illustrate the key persons (nodes) and connections between them (edges). The nodes in the Cytoscape graphs are color-coded and sized according to the importance of the node (in this activity, nodes are people in students' social networks). After the analysis, the graphs are further examined to see what can be learned from the visual representation. Students gain practice with graph theory vocabulary, including node, edge, betweeness centrality and degree on interaction, and learn about a range of engineering applications of graph theory.

2014-09-18

45

The Social Network Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online social networking is an important part in the everyday life of college students. Despite the increasing popularity of online social networking among students and faculty members, its educational benefits are largely untested. This paper presents our experience in using social networking applications and video content distribution websites as a complement of traditional classroom education. In particular, the solution has been based on effective adaptation, extension and integration of Facebook, Twitter, Blogger YouTube and iTunes services for delivering educational material to students on mobile platforms like iPods and 3 rd generation mobile phones. The goals of the proposed educational platform, described in this paper, are to make the learning experience more engaging, to encourage collaborative work and knowledge sharing among students, and to provide an interactive platform for the educators to reach students and deliver lecture material in a totally new way.

Bunus, Peter

46

Promoting Social Network Awareness: A Social Network Monitoring System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase communication and collaboration opportunities, members of a community must be aware of the social networks that exist within that community. This paper describes a social network monitoring system--the KIWI system--that enables users to register their interactions and visualize their social networks. The system was implemented in a…

Cadima, Rita; Ferreira, Carlos; Monguet, Josep; Ojeda, Jordi; Fernandez, Joaquin

2010-01-01

47

Social Network Infiltration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks are websites (or software that distributes media online) where users can distribute content to either a list of friends on that site or to anyone who surfs onto their page, and where those friends can interact and discuss the content. By linking to friends online, the users’ personal content (pictures, songs, favorite movies, diaries, websites, and so on) is dynamically distributed, and can "become viral", that is, get spread rapidly as more people see it and spread it themselves. Social networks are immensely popular around the planet, especially with younger users. The biggest social networks are Facebook and MySpace; an IYA2009 user already exists on Facebook, and one will be created for MySpace (in fact, several NASA satellites such as GLAST and Swift already have successful MySpace pages). Twitter is another network where data distribution is more limited; it is more like a mini-blog, but is very popular. IYA2009 already has a Twitter page, and will be updated more often with relevant information. In this talk I will review the existing social networks, show people how and why they are useful, and give them the tools they need to contribute meaningfully to IYA's online reach.

Plait, Philip

2008-05-01

48

Assessing Student Learning in Academic Advising Using Social Cognitive Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether the social cognitive theory constructs of self-efficacy and self-regulated learning apply to academic advising for measuring student learning outcomes. Community college students (N = 120) participated in an individual academic-advising session. We assessed students' post-intervention self-efficacy in academic planning…

Erlich, Richard J.; Russ-Eft, Darlene F.

2013-01-01

49

The social ties that bind: social anxiety and academic achievement across the university years.  

PubMed

Given that engagement and integration in university/college are considered key to successful academic achievement, the identifying features of social anxiety, including fear of negative evaluation and distress and avoidance of new or all social situations, may be particularly disadvantageous in the social and evaluative contexts that are integral to university/college life. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the direct effects of social anxiety on academic achievement, as well as investigate an indirect mechanism through which social anxiety might impact on academic achievement, namely, the formation of new social ties in university. The participants were 942 (71.7 % female; M = 19 years at Time 1) students enrolled in a mid-sized university in Southern Ontario, Canada. Students completed annual assessments of social anxiety, social ties, and academic achievement for three consecutive years. The results from an autoregressive cross-lag path analysis indicated that social anxiety had a significant and negative direct relationship with academic achievement. Moreover, the negative indirect effect of social anxiety on academic achievement through social ties was significant, as was the opposing direction of effects (i.e., the indirect effect of academic achievement on social anxiety through social ties). These findings highlight the critical role that social ties appear to play in successful academic outcomes and in alleviating the effects of social anxiety during university/college. PMID:25691148

Brook, Christina A; Willoughby, Teena

2015-05-01

50

Effects of Social Capital on Academic Success: A Narrative Synthesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers link social capital theory to education and commonly use examples from the field of education to examine social capital theory. Accordingly, they accept that reflections and contributions of social capital can be observed in the field of education. This paper examines social capital's effects on academic success in education. In…

Acar, Erkan

2011-01-01

51

SocialCDN: Caching Techniques for Distributed Social Networks  

E-print Network

--Distributed online social networks (DOSN) have been proposed as an alternative to centralized Online Social Networks fusions of social and vehicular networks. I. INTRODUCTION Popular Online Social Networks (OSN and control of user generated data. In the case of centralized "Online Social Networking" sites, once personal

Iftode, Liviu

52

How and What Do Academics Learn through Their Personal Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the role of personal networks in academics' learning in relation to teaching. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 11 academics, this study examines, first, how and what academics learn through their personal networks; second, the perceived value of networks in relation to academics' professional development; and,…

Pataraia, Nino; Margaryan, Anoush; Falconer, Isobel; Littlejohn, Allison

2015-01-01

53

Social Network Sites: Definition History and Scholarship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Social network,sites,(SNSs) are increasingly attracting the attention of academic,and,industry researchers intrigued by their affordances and reach.,This special theme section of the,Journal,of Computer-Mediated,Communicationbrings ,together scholarship on these emergent phenomena.,In this introductory article, we describe features of SNSs and propose a comprehensive definition. We then present one perspective on the history of such sites, discussing key changes and developments. After briefly

Danah Boyd; Nicole B. Ellison

2007-01-01

54

Applications of Social Network Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A social network [2] is a description of the social structure between actors, mostly persons, groups or organizations. It indicates the ways in which they are connected with each other by some relationship such as friendship, kinship, finance exchange etc. In a nutshell, when the person uses already known/unknown people to create new contacts, it forms social networking. The social network is not a new concept rather it can be formed when similar people interact with each other directly or indirectly to perform particular task. Examples of social networks include a friendship networks, collaboration networks, co-authorship networks, and co-employees networks which depict the direct interaction among the people. There are also other forms of social networks, such as entertainment networks, business Networks, citation networks, and hyperlink networks, in which interaction among the people is indirect. Generally, social networks operate on many levels, from families up to the level of nations and assists in improving interactive knowledge sharing, interoperability and collaboration.

Thilagam, P. Santhi

55

Identifying Influential Scholars in Academic Social Media Platforms  

E-print Network

Identifying Influential Scholars in Academic Social Media Platforms Na Li, Denis Gillet ´Ecole--The emergence of social media has created new ways to publish scientific work, foster collaboration, and build professional connections in the research community. The rich data collected in social media platforms has

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

56

Communication Gaps in Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the paper, we first present an approach to extract social networks from message boards on the Internet. Then we measure\\u000a structural features of 3,000 social networks extracted from 3,000 message boards from 15 categories in Yahoo!Japan Message\\u000a Boards to prove the relationships between the features and the categories. Using hierarchical cluster analysis, we show three\\u000a types of social networks.

Naohiro Matsumura; David E. Goldberg; Xavier Llorà

2005-01-01

57

Characteristics of Small Social Networks  

E-print Network

Two dozen networks are analyzed using three parameters that attempt to capture important properties of social networks: leadership L, member bonding B, and diversity of expertise D. The first two of these parameters have ...

Richards, Whitman

2010-07-27

58

Severity of Academic Achievement and Social Skills Deficits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences in the rated social skills of elementary-aged students at-risk for emotional/behavioural disorders (E/BD) based on severity of academic difficulties. Teachers nominated students at-risk for E/BD who were classified into four groups of academic difficulty based on the Wide Range Achievement Test-3. Students,…

Bloom, Elana L.; Karagiannakis, Anastasia; Toste, Jessica R.; Heath, Nancy L.; Konstantinopoulos, Effie

2007-01-01

59

Enhancing Academic Achievement through Direct Instruction of Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the impact of the explicit teaching of social skills to enhance academic achievement. The targeted population comprised kindergarten and second grade students in a middle-class community located in central Illinois. The problem of inappropriate behaviors and difficulties interacting with peers and how this may affect academic

Bendt, Lori; Nunan, Jan

60

Students as Spectators: Their Academic and Social Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is extensive research literature addressing the impact that the college experience has on students, linking the campus environment to their persistence and graduation, satisfaction, sense of community, academic and social integration, and academic performance. Researchers have yet to fully address the connection between students identifying…

Clopton, Aaron

2009-01-01

61

Children's Effortful Control and Academic Achievement: Mediation Through Social Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to test the premise that children's effortful control (EC) is prospectively related to their academic achievement and to specify mechanisms through which EC is related to academic success. We used data from 214 children (M age at Time 1 [T1] = 73 months) to test whether social functioning (e.g., social competence and externalizing problems)

Carlos Valiente; Nancy Eisenberg; Rg Haugen; Tracy L. Spinrad; Claire Hofer; Jeffrey Liew; Anne Kupfer

2011-01-01

62

Graphical Evolutionary Game for Information Diffusion Over Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current social networks are of extremely large-scale generating tremendous information flows at every moment. How information diffuse over social networks has attracted much attention from both industry and academics. Most of the existing works on information diffusion analysis are based on machine learning methods focusing on social network structure analysis and empirical data mining. However, the dynamics of information diffusion, which are heavily influenced by network users' decisions, actions and their socio-economic interactions, is generally ignored by most of existing works. In this paper, we propose an evolutionary game theoretic framework to model the dynamic information diffusion process in social networks. Specifically, we derive the information diffusion dynamics in complete networks, uniform degree and non-uniform degree networks, with the highlight of two special networks, Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'enyi random network and the Barab\\'asi-Albert scale-free network. We find that the dynamics of information diffusion over these three kinds of networks are scale-free and the same with each other when the network scale is sufficiently large. To verify our theoretical analysis, we perform simulations for the information diffusion over synthetic networks and real-world Facebook networks. Moreover, we also conduct experiment on Twitter hashtags dataset, which shows that the proposed game theoretic model can well fit and predict the information diffusion over real social networks.

Jiang, Chunxiao; Chen, Yan; Liu, K. J. Ray

2014-08-01

63

Social Networking Goes to School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just a few years ago, social networking meant little more to educators than the headache of determining whether to penalize students for inappropriate activities captured on Facebook or MySpace. Now, teachers and students have an array of social-networking sites and tools--from Ning to VoiceThread and Second Life--to draw on for such serious uses…

Davis, Michelle R.

2010-01-01

64

Online social networks and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This viewpoint essay seeks to argue that young people's online social networking can serve as sites for and supports for student learning in ways not currently assessed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The two themes presented are based on a select review of the research literature as well as the author's explorations of young people's online social networking practices within MySpace

Christine Greenhow

2011-01-01

65

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâ??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâ??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâ??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

66

Disassortative mixing in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conventional wisdom is that social networks exhibit an assortative mixing pattern, whereas biological and technological networks show a disassortative mixing pattern. However, the recent research on the online social networks modifies the widespread belief, and many online social networks show a disassortative or neutral mixing feature. Especially, we found that an online social network, Wealink, underwent a transition from

Hai-Bo Hu; Xiao-Fan Wang

2009-01-01

67

Different Aspects of Social Network Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social network is a set of people (or organizations or other social entities) connected by a set of social relation- ships, such as friendship, co-working or information exchange. Social network analysis focuses on the analysis of patterns of relationships among people, organizations, states and such social entities. Social network analysis provides both a visual and a mathematical analysis of

Mohsen Jamali; Hassan Abolhassani

2006-01-01

68

Entropy of dynamical social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dynamical social networks are evolving rapidly and are highly adaptive. Characterizing the information encoded in social networks is essential to gain insight into the structure, evolution, adaptability and dynamics. Recently entropy measures have been used to quantify the information in email correspondence, static networks and mobility patterns. Nevertheless, we still lack methods to quantify the information encoded in time-varying dynamical social networks. In this talk we present a model to quantify the entropy of dynamical social networks and use this model to analyze the data of phone-call communication. We show evidence that the entropy of the phone-call interaction network changes according to circadian rhythms. Moreover we show that social networks are extremely adaptive and are modified by the use of technologies such as mobile phone communication. Indeed the statistics of duration of phone-call is described by a Weibull distribution and is significantly different from the distribution of duration of face-to-face interactions in a conference. Finally we investigate how much the entropy of dynamical social networks changes in realistic models of phone-call or face-to face interactions characterizing in this way different type human social behavior.

Zhao, Kun; Karsai, Marton; Bianconi, Ginestra

2012-02-01

69

Academic Status and Ethnicity as Determinants of Social Acceptance  

Microsoft Academic Search

How academic and ethnic considerations combine in the determination of social acceptance was assessed in a short-term longitudinal study. Most previous research suggests that the influence of these status characteristics should aggregate in an additive fashion. Potential shifts were examined in the use of these characteristics in judgments regarding social acceptance across the school year. Seventh-grade Israeli students (N =

Joseph Schwarzwald; Michael A. Hoffman

1993-01-01

70

Churn in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past, churn has been identified as an issue across most industry sectors. In its most general sense it refers to the rate of loss of customers from a company's customer base. There is a simple reason for the attention churn attracts: churning customers mean a loss of revenue. Emerging from business spaces like telecommunications (telcom) and broadcast providers, where churn is a major issue, it is also regarded as a crucial problem in many other businesses, such as online games creators, but also online social networks and discussion sites. Companies aim at identifying the risk of churn in its early stages, as it is usually much cheaper to retain a customer than to try to win him or her back. If this risk can be accurately predicted, marketing departments can target customers efficiently with tailored incentives to prevent them from leaving.

Karnstedt, Marcel; Hennessy, Tara; Chan, Jeffrey; Basuchowdhuri, Partha; Hayes, Conor; Strufe, Thorsten

71

The Possibilities of Network Sociality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technologically networked social forms are broad, extensive and in demand. The rapid development and growth of web 2.0, or the social web, is evidence of the need and indeed hunger for social connectivity: people are searching for many and varied ways of enacting being-together. However, the ways in which we think of, research and write about network(ed) sociality are relatively recent and arguably restricted, warranting further critique and development. This article attempts to do several things: it raises questions about the types of sociality enacted in contemporary techno-society; critically explores the notion of the networked individual and the focus on the individual evident in much of the technology and sociality literature and asks questions about the place of the social in these discussions. It argues for a more well-balanced and multilevelled approach to questions of sociality in networked societies. The article starts from the position that possibilities enabled/afforded by the technologies we have in place have an effect upon the ways in which we understand being in the world together and our possible actions and futures. These possibilities are more than simply supplementary; in many ways they are transformative. The ways in which we grapple with these questions reveals as much about our understandings of sociality as it does about the technologies themselves.

Willson, Michele

72

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until "the next revision to the web site this winter."

73

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

74

The wired generation: academic and social outcomes of electronic media use among university students.  

PubMed

Little is known about the influence of electronic media use on the academic and social lives of university students. Using time-diary and survey data, we explore the use of various types of electronic media among first-year students. Time-diary results suggest that the majority of students use electronic media to multitask. Robust regression results indicate a negative relationship between the use of various types of electronic media and first-semester grades. In addition, we find a positive association between social-networking-site use, cellular-phone communication, and face-to-face social interaction. PMID:20961220

Jacobsen, Wade C; Forste, Renata

2011-05-01

75

Social Snapshots: Digital Forensics for Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

Social Snapshots: Digital Forensics for Online Social Networks Markus Huber Martin Mulazzani by pub- lishing our implementation as an open-source project. Keywords: online social networks, forensics, security 1. INTRODUCTION Over the past years, Online Social Networks (OSNs) have become the largest

76

Social network analysis of an online dating network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networks can be found everywhere from chatting websites like MSN, blogs such as MySpace to social media such as YouTube and second life. Among them, there is one interesting type of online social networks, online dating network that is growing fast. This paper analyzes an online dating network from social network analysis point of view. Observations are made

Lin Chen; Richi Nayak

2011-01-01

77

Introduction to Social Network Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social Network analysis focuses on patterns of relations between and among people, organizations, states, etc. It aims to describe networks of relations as fully as possible, identify prominent patterns in such networks, trace the flow of information through them, and discover what effects these relations and networks have on people and organizations. Social network analysis offers a very promising potential for analyzing human-human interactions in online communities (discussion boards, newsgroups, virtual organizations). This Tutorial provides an overview of this analytic technique and demonstrates how it can be used in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) research and practice, focusing especially on Computer Mediated Communication (CMC). This topic acquires particular importance these days, with the increasing popularity of social networking websites (e.g., youtube, myspace, MMORPGs etc.) and the research interest in studying them.

Zaphiris, Panayiotis; Ang, Chee Siang

78

Sensor networks for social networks  

E-print Network

This thesis outlines the development of software that makes use of Bayesian belief networks and signal processing techniques to make meaningful inferences about real-world phenomena using data obtained from sensor networks. ...

Farry, Michael P. (Michael Patrick)

2006-01-01

79

Centrality measures in social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complex networks represent an extensive variety of systems in nature and human interactions. Networks are graphs that describe the structures of interacting systems and give substantial information about the patterns of connections between the nodes in a particular system. In turn, knowing about the structure of networks and their arrangements enables one to make certain types of predictions about their behavior. With that larger motivation, this thesis research emphasizes different measurement metrics such as degree distribution, assortativity and clustering coefficients, transitivity, modularity, network diameter, and the average path length to associate the configurations of the different networks to determine certain types of behavior. The main focus of this thesis is on social networks, where the assortative patterns of social networks were identified. The various parameters used in the study of the networks were calculated and defined using the software packages Networkx and Gephi. The different types of networks are from the Stanford Network Analysis Project (SNAP) website. In particular, the focus is on using the numerical values of the coefficients to infer differences in the forms of contact in different social networks. The ability to do so has implications for detecting preferences when it comes to the relations between groups of people in social networks. As a result of social networks displaying assortative behaviors, the data indicates that these networks could also project some traits of 'narrow-mindedness' due to the formation of different clusters. Another significant repercussion of this research is the ability of a community to thrive successfully based on the interactions of the people with one another.

Moreau, Michele

80

An algorithmic approach to social networks  

E-print Network

Social networks consist of a set of individuals and some form of social relationship that ties the individuals together. In this thesis, we use algorithmic techniques to study three aspects of social networks: (1) we analyze ...

Liben-Nowell, David

2005-01-01

81

Online Identities and Social Networking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between online identities and social networking. Online social networks (OSNs) are growing at a rapid pace and has millions of members in them. While the recent trend is to create explicit OSNs such as Facebook and MySpace, we also have implicit OSNs such as interaction graphs created by email and instant messaging services. Explicit OSNs allow users to create profiles and use them to project their identities on the web. There are many interesting identity related issues in the context of social networking including how OSNs help and hinder the definition of online identities.

Maheswaran, Muthucumaru; Ali, Bader; Ozguven, Hatice; Lord, Julien

82

Academic social cohesion within higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the theoretical foundations of social cohesion as it relates to higher education institutions. In so doing it seeks (a) to understand the core elements of social cohesion—social\\u000a capital, human capital and ethical behavioural norms that serve a common good—and (b) to establish a flexible framework for\\u000a understanding the combined contributions of higher education to society. Tertiary institutional

Brian L. Heuser; UNESCO IBE

2007-01-01

83

Experiments in Mobile Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report we consider a mobile ad hoc network setting where users of Bluetooth enabled devices meet and communicate op- portunistically as when random people meet in a cafe, or researchers meet at a conference. Ad hoc opportunistic contacts are built on the basis of pre-defined relationships in online social networks. Our ap- proach distinguishes itself from previous work

Anna-Kaisa Pietilainen; Earl Oliver; Jason LeBrun; George Varghese; Jon Crowcroft; Christophe Diot

2008-01-01

84

School Social Capital and Pupils' Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that there are important ties among pupils, parents and schools affecting children's educational outcome. Using NELS: 88, a nationally representative sample of eighth graders in the United States, this study explores the role of schools in their academic performance. The study suggests that, with other things equal,…

Haghighat, Elhum

2005-01-01

85

IEEE Network Special Issue on Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

IEEE Network Special Issue on Online Social Networks Call for papers The popularity and complexity of online social networks continues to grow triggering intense research interest in the analysis of the structure and properties of online communities. Today, online social network applications range from social

Moon, Sue B.

86

Social networking in vehicles  

E-print Network

In-vehicle, location-aware, socially aware telematic systems, known as Flossers, stand to revolutionize vehicles, and how their drivers interact with their physical and social worlds. With Flossers, users can broadcast and ...

Liang, Philip Angus

2006-01-01

87

The Social Costs of Academic Success across Ethnic Groups  

PubMed Central

This study explores the longitudinal association between academic achievement and social acceptance across ethnic groups in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 13,570; Mage = 15.5 years). The effects of school context are also considered. Results show that African American and Native American adolescents experience greater social costs with academic success than Whites. Pertaining to school context, findings suggest that the differential social consequences of achievement experienced by African Americans are greatest in more highly achieving schools, but only when these schools have a smaller percentage of Black students. Students from Mexican decent also showed differential social costs with achievement in particular contexts. The implications of these findings to theory, policy, and future research are discussed. PMID:21077858

Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E.; Doan, Stacey N.

2010-01-01

88

Use of Social Emotional Learning Skills to Predict Future Academic Success and Progress toward Graduation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the degree to which a range of social emotional learning skills--academic self-efficacy, academic motivation, social connections, importance of school, and managing psychological and emotional distress and academic stress--could be used as an indicator of future academic outcomes. Using a sample of 4,797 from a large urban…

Davis, Alan; Solberg, V. Scott; de Baca, Christine; Gore, Taryn Hargrove

2014-01-01

89

Online Social Networking Issues Within Academia and Pharmacy Education  

PubMed Central

Online social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace are extremely popular as indicated by the numbers of members and visits to the sites. They allow students to connect with users with similar interests, build and maintain relationships with friends, and feel more connected with their campus. The foremost criticisms of online social networking are that students may open themselves to public scrutiny of their online personas and risk physical safety by revealing excessive personal information. This review outlines issues of online social networking in higher education by drawing upon articles in both the lay press and academic publications. New points for pharmacy educators to consider include the possible emergence of an “e-professionalism” concept; legal and ethical implications of using online postings in admission, discipline, and student safety decisions; how online personas may blend into professional life; and the responsibility for educating students about the risks of online social networking. PMID:18322572

2008-01-01

90

Essential Academic Learning Requirements (1997): Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stating that social studies can help students find order in their lives by illustrating patterns and connections of human existence, this guide addresses essential learning requirements for social studies in the state of Washington. The guide notes that these requirements seek to give students the knowledge and skills they need to participate as…

Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.

91

Brain networks of social comparison.  

PubMed

Social comparison, that is, the process of comparing oneself to other people, is a ubiquitous social cognitive mechanism; however, so far its neural correlates have remained unknown. The present study tested the hypothesis that social comparisons are supported by partly dissociated networks, depending on whether the dimension under comparison concerns a physical or a psychological attribute. We measured brain activity with functional MRI, whereas participants were comparing their own height or intelligence to that of individuals they personally know. Height comparisons were associated with higher activity in a frontoparietal network involved in spatial and numerical cognition. Conversely, intelligence comparisons recruited a network of midline areas that have been previously implicated in the attribution of mental states to oneself and others (Theory of mind). These findings suggest that social comparisons rely on diverse domain-specific mechanisms rather than on one unitary process. PMID:23407275

Kedia, Gayannée; Lindner, Michael; Mussweiler, Thomas; Ihssen, Niklas; Linden, David E J

2013-03-27

92

Masculinity, Educational Achievement and Social Status: A Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilises a quantitative case study social network approach to explore the connection between masculinity and scholastic achievement in two secondary, all-boys schools in Australia. In both schools two social networks representing social status are explored: the "friendship" network as a measure of status that includes emotional…

Lusher, Dean

2011-01-01

93

The Social Strategy Game Resource Competition within Female Social Networks  

E-print Network

The Social Strategy Game Resource Competition within Female Social Networks among Small concerning dyadic social relationships and demographic data were collected to identify variables influencing with members of their social network and with those who were designated as cooperative helpers or as close kin

Gurven, Michael

94

Effects of Achievement Motivation, Social Identity, and Peer Group Norms on Academic Conformity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether academic achievement motivation and social identity explain variation in children's conformity to positive academic behaviors (n = 455 children in grades three through five). Structural equation modeling suggested that academic value and peer group academic norms were positively related to academic conformity.…

Masland, Lindsay C.; Lease, A. Michele

2013-01-01

95

Parental Employment, School Climate, and Children's Academic and Social Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longitudinal data were used to examine the effects of parental employment status and school climate on children's academic and social development. Hierarchical regression, analyses of covariance, and latent growth modeling were used to assess various aspects of change as a function of work status and school climate with family income and education as control variables. Parental employment was associated with

Neal Schmitt; Joshua M. Sacco; Sharon Ramey; Craig Ramey; David Chan

1999-01-01

96

General, social, and academic self-concepts of gifted adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven hundred seventy-two male and female adolescents (between the ages of 12 and 15) participated in a study concerning the identification and socioemotional situation of various subgroups of gifted students (N=94). In this article only the results concerning general, social, and academic selfconcepts of gifted adolescents are reported. A distinction is made between four groups: two groups of gifted achievers

Herman W. Van Boxtel; Franz J. Mönks

1992-01-01

97

Social, Mental, Academic and Physical Development in Groups Doing Sports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to show whether sport has an effect on education/academic success and social, mental and physical development or not. The search involves 160 students studying at Physical Education and Sports High School at Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University. Graded quintet likert type questionnaire was used as a measuring means. The first…

Nas, Kazim; Temel, Veysel; Akpinar, Selahattin; Akpinar, Oznur

2012-01-01

98

Page 1 | Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 30, 2014 Bachelors of Social Work (BSW)  

E-print Network

Page 1 | Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 30, 2014 Bachelors of Social Work (BSW) Academic Plan of Study College of Health and Human Services Department of Social Work the BSW graduate for generalist social work practice. Students will need to complete SOWK 1101, 2182, 2183

Raja, Anita

99

Social networks and the Semantic Web  

E-print Network

Social networks and the Semantic Web Peter Mika Business Informatics group Dept. of Computer technology for the social sciences Social network mining from the Web Semantics-based data management Browsing and visualization Case study Network Analysis of Semantic Web research 2. Network Analysis

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

100

Rumor evolution in social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The social network is a main tunnel of rumor spreading. Previous studies concentrated on a static rumor spreading. The content of the rumor is invariable during the whole spreading process. Indeed, the rumor evolves constantly in its spreading process, which grows shorter, more concise, more easily grasped, and told. In an early psychological experiment, researchers found about 70% of details in a rumor were lost in the first six mouth-to-mouth transmissions. Based on these observations, we investigate rumor spreading on social networks, where the content of the rumor is modified by the individuals with a certain probability. In the scenario, they have two choices, to forward or to modify. As a forwarder, an individual disseminates the rumor directly to their neighbors. As a modifier, conversely, an individual revises the rumor before spreading it out. When the rumor spreads on the social networks, for instance, scale-free networks and small-world networks, the majority of individuals actually are infected by the multirevised version of the rumor, if the modifiers dominate the networks. The individuals with more social connections have a higher probability to receive the original rumor. Our observation indicates that the original rumor may lose its influence in the spreading process. Similarly, a true information may turn out to be a rumor as well. Our result suggests the rumor evolution should not be a negligible question, which may provide a better understanding of the generation and destruction of a rumor.

Zhang, Yichao; Zhou, Shi; Zhang, Zhongzhi; Guan, Jihong; Zhou, Shuigeng

2013-03-01

101

Understanding Academic Performance of International Students: The Role of Ethnicity, Academic and Social Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 3 million students study outside their home country, primarily at a Western university. A common belief among educators is that international students are insufficiently adjusted to higher education in their host country, both academically and socially. Furthermore, several groups of international students experience considerable amounts…

Rienties, Bart; Beausaert, Simon; Grohnert, Therese; Niemantsverdriet, Susan; Kommers, Piet

2012-01-01

102

Predicting social ties in mobile phone networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social network dynamically changes since the social relationships (social ties) change over time. The evolution of a social network mainly depends on the evolution of the social relationships. The social-tie strengths of person-to-person are different one another even though they are in the same group. In this paper we investigate the evolution of person-to-person social relationships, quantify and predict

Huiqi Zhang; Ram Dantu

2010-01-01

103

Religious Discrimination in Social Work Academic Programs: Whither Social Justice?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reports in the media have suggested that social work students are being discriminated against within BSW and MSW programs due to their religious beliefs. We review the substance of these public allegations and provide some further examples of religious discrimination occurring within the classroom, in faculty evaluations of students, and in being unfairly dismissed from social work programs. These

Bruce A. Thyer; Laura L. Myers

2009-01-01

104

The Role of Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of the primary research are as follows:\\u000a1. to determine the frequency of visits to social networking websites by consumers.\\u000a2. to determine how social forums are used by respondents, and recognize what benefits they receive by using them.\\u000a3. to determine if consumers desire to be personally targeted by ads and promotions through this new media platform.

Mara M. Wenzler

2010-01-01

105

Winning consensus on social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adoption of a specific behavior (opinion) by a population of individuals is influenced dramatically by the social network through which the individuals interact. Here, we show the conditions under which a randomly distributed sub-population of committed agents -- nodes on the network that consistently profess a unique opinion and are not influenceable to change -- can win over an entire population of individuals initially opposed to that opinion. We model the opinion dynamics by a variant of the Naming Game (Baronchelli et al. (2006)), which effectively captures the persistence of dominant opinions. Given this model, we demonstrate that in the asymptotic network size limit, there exists a critical value pc of the fraction of committed agents, above which the network-state attains consensus, and below which the network-state converges to a non-consensus fixed point. We also discuss finite size corrections to pc and the scaling of consensus times for finite networks.

Sreenivasan, Sameet; Xie, J.; Korniss, G.; Szymanski, Boleslaw

2011-03-01

106

Activity based interfaces in online social networks  

E-print Network

The goal of the project is to explore how activity-based interfaces can create more meaningful experiences for the users and builders of online social networking sites. Medina, a social-networking site based on the idea ...

Laraqui, Jawad

2007-01-01

107

Rapid innovation diffusion in social networks  

E-print Network

Social and technological innovations often spread through social networks as people respond to what their neighbors are doing. Previous research has identified specific network structures, such as local clustering, that ...

Kreindler, Gabriel Emanuel

108

Networks in Social Policy Problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Introduction M. Scotti and B. Vedres; Part I. Information, Collaboration, Innovation: The Creative Power of Networks: 2. Dissemination of health information within social networks C. Dhanjal, S. Blanchemanche, S. Clemençon, A. Rona-Tas and F. Rossi; 3. Scientific teams and networks change the face of knowledge creation S. Wuchty, J. Spiro, B. F. Jones and B. Uzzi; 4. Structural folds: the innovative potential of overlapping groups B. Vedres and D. Stark; 5. Team formation and performance on nanoHub: a network selection challenge in scientific communities D. Margolin, K. Ognyanova, M. Huang, Y. Huang and N. Contractor; Part II. Influence, Capture, Corruption: Networks Perspectives on Policy Institutions: 6. Modes of coordination of collective action: what actors in policy making? M. Diani; 7. Why skewed distributions of pay for executives is the cause of much grief: puzzles and few answers so far B. Kogut and J.-S. Yang; 8. Networks of institutional capture: a case of business in the State apparatus E. Lazega and L. Mounier; 9. The social and institutional structure of corruption: some typical network configurations of corruption transactions in Hungary Z. Szántó, I. J. Tóth and S. Varga; Part III. Crisis, Extinction, World System Change: Network Dynamics on a Large Scale: 10. How creative elements help the recovery of networks after crisis: lessons from biology A. Mihalik, A. S. Kaposi, I. A. Kovács, T. Nánási, R. Palotai, Á. Rák, M. S. Szalay-Beko and P. Csermely; 11. Networks and globalization policies D. R. White; 12. Network science in ecology: the structure of ecological communities and the biodiversity question A. Bodini, S. Allesina and C. Bondavalli; 13. Supply security in the European natural gas pipeline network M. Scotti and B. Vedres; 14. Conclusions and outlook A.-L. Barabási; Index.

Vedres, Balázs; Scotti, Marco

2012-08-01

109

Bridging the gap between different social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The available social network models that exist today were designed primarily on the basis of the analysis of statistical properties and structural features, as well as the physical or social distances between individuals of social systems, which sometimes is not sufficient because the structure of some social networks is closely tied to individuals' social identities. In addition, the difference in growth speed between different social networks is also neglected in these models. We propose a synthetic model that involves social identity and adjustable growth speed factors to compensate for these limitations. The model features four types of node connection mechanisms: random attachment, transitive attachment, preferential attachment and anti-preferential attachment. Experimental results indicate that the model can not only produce rich topological structures but can also match real social networks well in both their macro properties and their micro foundations. Thus, the model is helpful in understanding both the evolution of social networks and the differences and similarities among different social networks.

Qiao, Jian; Huang, Hong-Qiao; Li, Guo-Ying; Fan, Ying

2014-09-01

110

How to Network in Online Social Networks Giovanni Neglia  

E-print Network

How to Network in Online Social Networks Giovanni Neglia Inria Sophia-Antipolis M--In this paper, we consider how to maximize users' influence in Online Social Networks (OSNs) by exploiting wants to spread information). However, the recruitment process in Online Social Networks (OSNs) is much

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

Security in OpenSocial-Instrumented Social Networking Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Securing social networking services is challenging and becomes even more complex when third-party applications are able to\\u000a access user data. Still, adequate security and privacy solutions are imperative in order to build and maintain trust in such\\u000a extensible social platforms. This paper discusses security issues in the context of OpenSocial-instrumented social networking\\u000a services. It shows that the OpenSocial specification is

Matthias Häsel; Luigi Lo Iacono

2010-01-01

112

Social Status and the Academic Achievement Gap: A Social Dominance Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we sketch several mechanisms by which low social status is transformed into low academic performance. Using\\u000a the perspective of social dominance theory, we review three processes by which this transformation takes place. These processes\\u000a include: (a) the effects of lower economic, cultural, and social capital; (b) the effects of personal and institutional discrimination;\\u000a and (c) reactions to

Colette Van Laar; Jim Sidanius

2001-01-01

113

Social Networks and Online Privacy Concerns Survey The Social Networks and Online Privacy Concerns Survey  

E-print Network

Social Networks and Online Privacy Concerns Survey The Social Networks and Online Privacy Concerns Survey The Social Networks and Online Privacy Concerns Survey is part of a research project survey #12;0% 100% Yes Unsure No Yes Unsure No Social Networks and Online Privacy Concerns Survey

Kaiser, Gail E.

114

Clustering social networks using ant colony optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several e-marketing applications rely on the ability to understand the structure of social networks. Social networks can be\\u000a represented as graphs with customers as nodes and their interactions as edges. Most real world social networks are known to\\u000a contain extremely dense subgraphs (also called as communities) which often provide critical insights about the emergent properties\\u000a of the social network. The

Supreet Reddy Mandala; Soundar R. T. Kumara; Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao; Reka Albert

115

Social Rewards and Social Networks in the Human Brain.  

PubMed

The rapid development of social media and social networking sites in human society within the past decade has brought about an increased focus on the value of social relationships and being connected with others. Research suggests that we pursue socially valued or rewarding outcomes-approval, acceptance, reciprocity-as a means toward learning about others and fulfilling social needs of forming meaningful relationships. Focusing largely on recent advances in the human neuroimaging literature, we review findings highlighting the neural circuitry and processes that underlie pursuit of valued rewarding outcomes across non-social and social domains. We additionally discuss emerging human neuroimaging evidence supporting the idea that social rewards provide a gateway to establishing relationships and forming social networks. Characterizing the link between social network, brain, and behavior can potentially identify contributing factors to maladaptive influences on decision making within social situations. PMID:24561513

Fareri, Dominic S; Delgado, Mauricio R

2014-02-21

116

The Relationship between Academic Achievement and Social Self-Image During Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 242 young adolescents examined the link between social self-image and academic achievement, as measured by grade point averages (GPAs). Subjects were categorized as academically, socially, or athletically oriented. Among socially oriented girls, those with an average GPA in mathematics had relatively large gains on social self-image, whereas among athletically oriented girls; those with a low GPA in

Laura R. Roberts; Anne C. Petersen

1992-01-01

117

Organizational Application of Social Networking Information Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this qualitative research study using the Delphi method is to provide a framework for leaders to develop their own social networks. By exploring concerns in four areas, leaders may be able to better plan, implement, and manage social networking systems in organizations. The areas addressed are: (a) social networking using…

Reppert, Jeffrey R.

2012-01-01

118

Unifying Social Networks for Smart Phones  

E-print Network

-M.Sc.-2012-51 #12;Abstract Smartphones and Social networks are two concepts closely related whichUnifying Social Networks for Smart Phones Jose Luis de la Peña Kongens Lyngby 2012 IMM-M.Sc.-2012 to provide a tool to simplify the process of comprising the social networks included in Facebook, Twitter

119

Collaboration in the School Social Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networks are fundamental to all people. Their social network describes how they are connected to others: close relationships, peripheral relationships, and those relationships that help connect them to other people, events, or things. As information specialists, school librarians develop a multidimensional social network that enables them…

Schultz-Jones, Barbara

2009-01-01

120

VU UNIVERSITY AMSTERDAM Social Networking Analytics  

E-print Network

VU UNIVERSITY AMSTERDAM BMI PAPER Social Networking Analytics Abstract In recent years, the online community has moved a step further in connecting people. Social Networking was born to enable people accessibility of web-based social networks stimulated extensive research in this domain. Understanding how

Bhulai, Sandjai

121

Measurement and analysis of online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networking sites like Orkut, YouTube, and Flickr are among the most popular sites on the Internet. Users of these sites form a social network, which provides a powerful means of sharing, organizing, and finding con- tent and contacts. The popularity of these sites provides an opportunity to study the characteristics of online social network graphs at large scale.

Alan Mislove; Massimiliano Marcon; P. Krishna Gummadi; Peter Druschel; Bobby Bhattacharjee

2007-01-01

122

Privacy in Online Social Networking at Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—Employees using social,network sites (SNS) at workplace is a fact. As companies are further embracing social networks, how if at all does this practice affect the work dynamics? While privacy has been a hot topic in online social network research in general, there is little work investigating the privacy aspect of this practice at workplace. This paper aims at starting

Yang Wang; Alfred Kobsa

2009-01-01

123

Dynamics of Dyads in Social Networks: Assortative,  

E-print Network

Dynamics of Dyads in Social Networks: Assortative, Relational, and Proximity Mechanisms Mark T relationships and network positions, and proximity mechanisms that focus on the social organization as determinants of ac- tors' behavior and outcomes, understanding the antecedents of social networks has become

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

124

Social Software: Participants' Experience Using Social Networking for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking tools used in learning provides instructional design with tools for transformative change in education. This study focused on defining the meanings and essences of social networking through the lived common experiences of 7 college students. The problem of the study was a lack of learner voice in understanding the value of social

Batchelder, Cecil W.

2010-01-01

125

Bowling online: social networking and social capital within the organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within an organizational setting, social capital facilitates knowledge management processes in that it enables individuals to locate useful information, draw on resources and make contributions to the network. This paper explores the relationship between various dimensions of organizational social capital and the use of an internal social network site (SNS). We hypothesize that the use of a SNS contributes to

Charles Steinfield; Joan Moris DiMicco; Nicole B. Ellison; Cliff Lampe

2009-01-01

126

Fitcolab Experimental Online Social Networking System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Scholars have recently started to explore specific characteristics of increasingly popular online social networks. This paper\\u000a presents Fitcolab online social network (OSN). This real life, modern OSN was created as an experimental research network\\u000a which should allow for examination of various phenomena pertaining to network structure of online social networks. The main\\u000a goal of the paper is to thoroughly describe

Haris Memic

2010-01-01

127

Collective privacy management in social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Networking is one of the major technological phe- nomena of the Web 2.0, with hundreds of millions of people participating. Social networks enable a form of self expres- sion for users, and help them to socialize and share content with other users. In spite of the fact that content sharing represents one of the prominent features of existing Social

Anna Cinzia Squicciarini; Mohamed Shehab; Federica Paci

2009-01-01

128

Privacy and Social Networking Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students are relying on the Internet to make connections with other people every day. As the Internet has developed and grown, so have the capabilities for interaction. Social networking sites, a group of Web sites that provide people with the opportunity to create an online profile and to share that profile with others, are a part of…

Timm, Dianne M.; Duven, Carolyn J.

2008-01-01

129

Social Networking: Keeping It Clean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to maintain an unpolluted learning environment is no easy task for schools and districts that have incorporated social networking sites into their educational life. The staff and teachers at Blaine High School in Minnesota's Anoka-Hennepin District 11 had been considering the pros and cons of establishing a school Facebook page when the…

Waters, John K.

2011-01-01

130

Social structure of Facebook networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the social structure of Facebook “friendship” networks at one hundred American colleges and universities at a single point in time, and we examine the roles of user attributes-gender, class year, major, high school, and residence-at these institutions. We investigate the influence of common attributes at the dyad level in terms of assortativity coefficients and regression models. We then examine larger-scale groupings by detecting communities algorithmically and comparing them to network partitions based on user characteristics. We thereby examine the relative importance of different characteristics at different institutions, finding for example that common high school is more important to the social organization of large institutions and that the importance of common major varies significantly between institutions. Our calculations illustrate how microscopic and macroscopic perspectives give complementary insights on the social organization at universities and suggest future studies to investigate such phenomena further.

Traud, Amanda L.; Mucha, Peter J.; Porter, Mason A.

2012-08-01

131

Navigating Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors note that when it comes to balancing free speech and schools' responsibilities, the online world is largely uncharted waters. Questions remain about the rights of both students and teachers in the world of social media. Although the lower courts have ruled that students' freedom of speech rights offer them some protection for…

Hamblin, DeAnna; Bartlett, Marilyn J.

2013-01-01

132

Social inertia in collaboration networks  

E-print Network

This work is a study of the properties of collaboration networks employing the formalism of weighted graphs to represent their one-mode projection. The weight of the edges is directly the number of times that a partnership has been repeated. This representation allows us to define the concept of "social inertia" that measures the tendency of authors to keep on collaborating with previous partners. We use a collection of empirical datasets to analyze several aspects of the social inertia: 1) its probability distribution, 2) its correlation with other properties, and 3) the correlations of the inertia between neighbors in the network. We also contrast these empirical results with the predictions of a recently proposed theoretical model for the growth of collaboration networks.

Ramasco, J J; Ramasco, Jose J.; Morris, Steven A.

2005-01-01

133

Reconfiguration and Search of Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Social networks tend to exhibit some topological characteristics different from regular networks and random networks, such as shorter average path length and higher clustering coefficient, and the node degree of the majority of social networks obeys exponential distribution. Based on the topological characteristics of the real social networks, a new network model which suits to portray the structure of social networks was proposed, and the characteristic parameters of the model were calculated. To find out the relationship between two people in the social network, and using the local information of the social network and the parallel mechanism, a hybrid search strategy based on k-walker random and a high degree was proposed. Simulation results show that the strategy can significantly reduce the average number of search steps, so as to effectively improve the search speed and efficiency. PMID:24574861

Zhang, Lianming; Peng, Aoyuan

2013-01-01

134

Social Network Analysis of University Online Forum  

Microsoft Academic Search

To describe the social network in online forum (BBS) of university, social network analysis and data mining method was used to investigate the network relationship of community under the help of UCINET software and ID3 algorithm. Characteristic of community network, formation of opinion leader's position and the relationship between initiative and other attributes of community members were also explored. On

Huiqing Niu

2010-01-01

135

Electronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy  

E-print Network

/or bullying apply to content posted online. Violating any University policy while using social media couldElectronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy The Fogelman impact. Beware of comments that could reflect poorly on you and the College. Social media sites

Dasgupta, Dipankar

136

Social network site addiction - an overview.  

PubMed

Research into frequent, excessive, and compulsive social network activity has increased the last years, in which terms such as "social network site addiction" and "Facebook addiction" have been used interchangeably. The aim of this review is to offer more knowledge and better understanding of social network site addiction (SNS-addiction) among researchers as well as clinicians by presenting a narrative overview of the research field in terms of definition, measurement, antecedents, consequences, and treatment as well as recommendations for future research efforts. Seven different measures of SNS-addiction have been developed, although they have to a very little extent been validated against each other. The small number of studies conducted so far on this topic suggests that SNS-addiction is associated with health-related, academic, and interpersonal problems/issues. However such studies have relied on a simple cross-sectional study design. It is therefore hard to draw any conclusions about potential causality and long-term effects at this point, beyond hypothetical speculations. Empirical studies suggest that SNS-addiction is caused by dispositional factors (e.g., personality, needs, self-esteem), although relevant explanatory socio-cultural and behavioral reinforcement factors remain to be empirically explored. No well-documented treatment for SNS-addiction exists, but knowledge gained from Internet addiction treatment approaches might be transferable to SNS-addiction. Overall, the research on this topic is in its infancy, and as such the SNS-addiction construct needs further conceptual and empirical exploration. There is a great demand for studies using careful longitudinal designs and studies which include objective measures of both behavior and health based on broad representative samples. PMID:24001298

Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Pallesen, Ståle

2014-01-01

137

Exploring the relationships between students' academic motivation and social ability in online learning environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explicates the construct of social ability and describes the relationship between students' academic motivation and social ability in online learning environments. Findings reveal perceived peers social presence, perceived written communication skills, perceived instructor social presence, comfort with sharing personal information, and social navigation as the five factors that define social ability. In addition, the multivariate multiple regression analyses

Chia-Chi Yang; I-Chun Tsai; Bosung Kim; Moon-Heum Cho; James M. Laffey

2006-01-01

138

Leveraging social networks for toxicovigilance.  

PubMed

The landscape of drug abuse is shifting. Traditional means of characterizing these changes, such as national surveys or voluntary reporting by frontline clinicians, can miss changes in usage the emergence of novel drugs. Delays in detecting novel drug usage patterns make it difficult to evaluate public policy aimed at altering drug abuse. Increasingly, newer methods to inform frontline providers to recognize symptoms associated with novel drugs or methods of administration are needed. The growth of social networks may address this need. The objective of this manuscript is to introduce tools for using data from social networks to characterize drug abuse. We outline a structured approach to analyze social media in order to capture emerging trends in drug abuse by applying powerful methods from artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, graph theory, and agent-based modeling. First, we describe how to obtain data from social networks such as Twitter using publicly available automated programmatic interfaces. Then, we discuss how to use artificial intelligence techniques to extract content useful for purposes of toxicovigilance. This filtered content can be employed to generate real-time maps of drug usage across geographical regions. Beyond describing the real-time epidemiology of drug abuse, techniques from computational linguistics can uncover ways that drug discussions differ from other online conversations. Next, graph theory can elucidate the structure of networks discussing drug abuse, helping us learn what online interactions promote drug abuse and whether these interactions differ among drugs. Finally, agent-based modeling relates online interactions to psychological archetypes, providing a link between epidemiology and behavior. An analysis of social media discussions about drug abuse patterns with computational linguistics, graph theory, and agent-based modeling permits the real-time monitoring and characterization of trends of drugs of abuse. These tools provide a powerful complement to existing methods of toxicovigilance. PMID:23619711

Chary, Michael; Genes, Nicholas; McKenzie, Andrew; Manini, Alex F

2013-06-01

139

Social jetlag negatively correlates with academic performance in undergraduates.  

PubMed

Discrepancies between sleep timing on workdays and weekends, also known as social jetlag (SJL), affect the majority of the population and have been found to be associated with increased health risk and health-impairing behaviors. In this study, we explored the relationship between SJL and academic performance in a sample of undergraduates of the Semmelweis University. We assessed SJL and other sleep-related parameters with the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire (MCTQ) (n?=?753). Academic performance was measured by the average grade based on weekly test results as well as scores acquired on the final test (n?=?247). The average mid-sleep point on free days in the Hungarian sample fits well the regression line plotted for longitudes within the Central European Time Zone and chronotypes, confirming that sunlight has a major impact on chronotype. Multivariate analysis showed negative effect of SJL on the weekly average grade (p?=?0.028, n?=?247) during the lecture term with its highly regular teaching schedules, while this association disappeared in the exam period (p?=?0.871, n?=?247) when students had no scheduled obligations (lower SJL). We also analyzed the relationship between the time of the weekly tests and academic performance and found that students with later sleep times on free days achieved worse in the morning (p?=?0.017, n?=?129), while the inverse tendency was observed for the afternoon test-takers (p?=?0.10, n?=?118). We did not find significant association between academic performance and sleep duration or sleep debt on work days. Our data suggest that circadian misalignment can have a significant negative effect on academic performance. One possible reason for this misalignment is socially enforced sleep times. PMID:24491157

Haraszti, Réka Ágnes; Ella, Krisztina; Gyöngyösi, Norbert; Roenneberg, Till; Káldi, Krisztina

2014-06-01

140

Leveraging social media networks for classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media has reshaped the way in which people interact with each other. The rapid development of participatory web and\\u000a social networking sites like YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook, also brings about many data mining opportunities and novel challenges.\\u000a In particular, we focus on classification tasks with user interaction information in a social network. Networks in social\\u000a media are heterogeneous, consisting

Lei Tang; Huan Liu

141

Privacy Respecting Targeted Advertising for Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Online Social Networks form an increasingly important part of people’s lives. As mobile technologies improve accessibility,\\u000a concerns about privacy and trust are more apparent as advertising becomes a critical component of most social network’s economic\\u000a model. In this paper we describe the PICOS project’s research into privacy preserving advertising options for social networks.\\u000a We introduce an architecture that includes new

Christian Kahl; Stephen Crane; Markus Tschersich; Kai Rannenberg

142

Egobile: where social networks go mobile  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pervasiveness of always-on smartphones and wireless networks, has provided users chances to connect to mobile social networks everywhere. However, the diversity of phone manufacturers and operating systems is hindering the development of location-aware social network applications. Via introducing the Egobile application, this paper addresses the major issues of developing mobile context-aware social networks with collaborative filtering method for recommendations.

Hung Q. Tao; Yen-Vy L. Nguyen; Hieu M. Nguyen; Viet H. Huynh; Tuan A. Nguyen

2011-01-01

143

"Hidden" social networks in behavior change interventions.  

PubMed

We investigated whether "hidden" (or unobserved) social networks were evident in a 2011 physical activity behavior change intervention in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Results showed evidence of unobserved social networks in the intervention and illustrated how the network evolved over short periods and affected behavior. Behavior change interventions should account for the interaction among participants (i.e., social networks) and how such interactions affect intervention outcome. PMID:25602895

Hunter, Ruth F; McAneney, Helen; Davis, Michael; Tully, Mark A; Valente, Thomas W; Kee, Frank

2015-03-01

144

Cooperation in anonymous dynamic social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the study of social networks, the interplay between network games and network formation is significant yet not well understood. Research in network games seeks to explain strategic interactions between neighbors, whereas research in network formation explores the evolution of link patterns. Our work combines these approaches. We show how cooperative behavior in prisoners' dilemma (PD) interactions can be sustained

Nicole Immorlica; Brendan Lucier; Brian Rogers

2010-01-01

145

Community structure in social and biological networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of recent studies have focused on the statistical properties of networked systems such as social networks and the Worldwide Web. Researchers have concentrated particularly on a few properties that seem to be common to many networks: the small-world property, power-law degree distributions, and network transitivity. In this article, we highlight another property that is found in many networks,

Michelle Girvan; M. E. J. Newman

2002-01-01

146

Text Mining in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks are rich in various kinds of contents such as text and multimedia. The ability to apply text mining algorithms effectively in the context of text data is critical for a wide variety of applications. Social networks require text mining algorithms for a wide variety of applications such as keyword search, classification, and clustering. While search and classification are well known applications for a wide variety of scenarios, social networks have a much richer structure both in terms of text and links. Much of the work in the area uses either purely the text content or purely the linkage structure. However, many recent algorithms use a combination of linkage and content information for mining purposes. In many cases, it turns out that the use of a combination of linkage and content information provides much more effective results than a system which is based purely on either of the two. This paper provides a survey of such algorithms, and the advantages observed by using such algorithms in different scenarios. We also present avenues for future research in this area.

Aggarwal, Charu C.; Wang, Haixun

147

Measuring the academic, social, and psychological effects of academic service learning on middle school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an academic service learning project on ninth-grade students' science achievement and attitudes. A quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used with four classes of one teacher in a rural school. The treatment was an Energy Fair service project. Two treatment classes that were chosen by random assignment (n = 58) were compared to two control classes (n = 64), who performed an alternative assignment. The Energy Fair was conducted for the elementary school students and on a limited basis for fellow students (peers). The academic effect was measured by a teacher-designed end-of-unit ecology test, with a subset of the questions on energy use. Psychological effects were measured by a self-esteem questionnaire, which measured both self-esteem and the satisfaction felt about one's self-esteem. Social effects were measured by three semantic differentials, one each for "adults," "peers," and "elementary students." The teacher was interviewed regarding her observations about the project. Written reflections from both the treatment and control groups were coded and analyzed. Pretest results were divided into thirds of high, medium, and low for all variables to search for the possibility of an attribute-treatment interaction. Analysis of covariance was used to reduce the possibility of pretest bias, to test for significant effects, and to test for a level by treatment interaction. Although the posttest means favored the experimental group, no statistically significant difference was found for academic results. No significant effect was found for either of the psychological measures. No change was found for the social results regarding "adults." A statistically significant effect was found for social results in the categories of "elementary students" and "peers." No statistically significant level by treatment interaction was found. Further research on the effects of academic service learning projects is needed at the middle school level, in all disciplines, and containing service of a longer duration and intensity.

Giacalone, Valarie A.

148

Mobile social networks and urban public space  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and proliferation of mobile social networks have the potential to transform ways that people come together and interact in public space. These services allow new kinds of information to flow into public spaces and, as such, can rearrange social and spatial practices. Dodgeball is used as a case study of mobile social networks. Based on a year-long qualitative

Lee Humphreys

2010-01-01

149

Starting Online: Exploring the Use of a Social Networking Site to Facilitate Transition into Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been widely recognised that transition into higher education (HE) can be challenging for incoming students. Literature identifies three main areas where students may benefit from support: social, practical and academic. This paper discusses a case study that explores the potential of a social networking environment to provide support in…

Knight, John; Rochon, Rebecca

2012-01-01

150

Social Networking Sites and Cognitive Abilities: Do They Make You Smarter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of social networking sites (SNS) on cognitive abilities and reported levels of social connectedness in adolescents. In order to provide a reliable measure of cognitive skills, standardized tests of verbal ability, working memory, and academic attainment were administered. Students also…

Alloway, Tracy Packiam; Horton, John; Alloway, Ross G.; Dawson, Clare

2013-01-01

151

Secure friend discovery in mobile social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile social networks extend social networks in the cyberspace into the real world by allowing mobile users to discover and interact with existing and potential friends who happen to be in their physical vicinity. Despite their promise to enable many exciting applications, serious security and privacy concerns have hindered wide adoption of these networks. To address these concerns, in this

Wei Dong; Vacha Dave; Lili Qiu; Yin Zhang

2011-01-01

152

Locating Experts via Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networking systems provide indirect access to a large number of people connected by multi-step chains of acquaintances, and plays an important role in the referrals for human information flow. In this paper, from a networking point of view, we study the problem of locating experts for relevant information via online social networks. We model the action of forwarding

Kuang Xu; Jing Xie; V. O. K. Li

2010-01-01

153

Social Network Theory and Educational Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Social Network Theory and Educational Change" offers a provocative and fascinating exploration of how social networks in schools can impede or facilitate the work of education reform. Drawing on the work of leading scholars, the book comprises a series of studies examining networks among teachers and school leaders, contrasting formal and…

Daly, Alan J., Ed.

2010-01-01

154

Some Facts of Social Networks and Crowdsourcing  

E-print Network

;Basedonthedatafromparticipating countries, wemakethefollowingassumption. #12;In Europe, 50% is member of only 1 social network, mostly Facebook. #12;People use more than Facebook. In Europe, people join on average 1,9 social networks networks In Europe Membership Facebook 62% Twitter 16% MySpace 12% #12;9 Average Facebook session lasts 37

Yang, Zheng

155

Adaptive Seeding in Social Networks Lior Seeman  

E-print Network

University Cambridge, MA yaron@seas.harvard.edu Index Terms--social networks; influence maximization; ap influence in social networks (see e.g. [2]­[10]). Despite the immense progress made in the past decade, influence maximization algorithms are applied on relatively small samples of the network. This naturally

Chen, Yiling

156

Student social graphs: visualizing a student's online social network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research applying Social Network Analysis (SNA) to online learning has been focused on understanding the social network of the class as an entity. This work, on the other hand, explores student specific analysis (i.e. analyzing each student individually). This student-centered analysis uses a graphical metaphor to provide the instructor an intuitive understanding of the student's interactions within the class.

Jeffrey S. Saltz; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Murray Turoff

2004-01-01

157

Participation in Social Media as Academic Service (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are all familiar with the three-legged stool of standard academic practice -- research, teaching, and service -- especially as it pertains to promotion and tenure. For example, many studies are emerging on the various ways that social media can be effectively used in teaching at all levels. Researchers are using analytical tools to turn social media feeds into useful indicators of human pattern and process. Darling et al. (2013) investigate the usefulness of Twitter for the development and distribution of scientific knowledge, including within the life cycle of scientific publication. However, the author focuses here on the use of social media as related to the traditional forms of academic "service:" i.e., participation on a committee or a board, in strategic planning or development of programs, in coordination of a seminar series or workshop, in professional reviews of books, papers, proposals, delivery of a public lectures to a civic group, giving an interview to a journalist on one's research or practice, even providing testimony to a group of policymakers. The author shares personal and institutional/organizational perspectives on how appropriate social media interaction in this context, can be viewed as a necessary (even daily) part of professional practice, and thus yet another moniker of good scientific behavior (especially as a model for students and early-career faculty), and of the "gift culture" of scholarship. For example, the "live tweeting" of ideas and summary points from paper sessions at scholarly meetings is gaining popularity, especially to inform those who could not attend. Other modes of contribution to intellectual communities range from advertising calls for special issues, proposals, participation in specialists meetings, to showcasing the real-time effects of natural disasters via social media feeds embedded in maps. Indeed, there is much discussion of "innovation" in research and in teaching, but can the speed and structure of social media tools lead also to innovations in service, and with fairly rapid returns on investment? How should such return on investment be articulated and translated to academic best practice? What are the best avenues for motivating institutional support, including incentives and rewards for such practice?

Wright, D. J.

2013-12-01

158

A Mobile Social Network on ESP: an Egocentric Social Platform  

E-print Network

). To demonstrate its feasibility, we have ported Musubi, a fully functional mobile social app platform focuses on creating a platform for mobile apps where the primary use of Facebook is to get access to oneA Mobile Social Network on ESP: an Egocentric Social Platform T. J. Purtell Ian Vo Monica S. Lam

Straight, Aaron

159

One Health in social networks and social media.  

PubMed

In the rapidly evolving world of social media, social networks, mobile applications and citizen science, online communities can develop organically and separately from larger or more established organisations. The One Health online community is experiencing expansion from both the bottom up and the top down. In this paper, the authors review social media's strengths and weaknesses, earlier work examining Internet resources for One Health, the current state of One Health in social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube) and online social networking sites (e.g. LinkedIn and ResearchGate), as well as social media in One Health-related citizen science projects. While One Health has a fairly strong presence on websites, its social media presence is more limited and has an uneven geographic distribution. In work following the Stone Mountain Meeting,the One Health Global Network Task Force Report recommended the creation of an online community of practice. Professional social networks as well as the strategic use of social media should be employed in this effort. Finally, One Health-related research projects using volunteers (citizen science) often use social media to enhance their recruitment. Including these researchers in a community of practitioners would take full advantage of their existing social media presence. In conclusion, the interactive nature of social media, combined with increasing global Internet access, provides the One Health community with opportunities to meaningfully expand their community and promote their message. PMID:25707189

Mekaru, S R; Brownstein, J S

2014-08-01

160

Towards Socially-Intelligent Wearable Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a wearable system that uses machine perception to quantify a user's social context and propagate this information to others in the user's social network. The social context is evaluated for the user's instantaneous, face-to- face interactions by evaluating proximity, collective speech features, head-movements, and galvanic skin responses. This information is then propagated to others within the user's social

Anmol Madan; Ron Caneel

161

Spreading in online social networks: The role of social reinforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some epidemic spreading models are usually applied to analyze the propagation of opinions or news. However, the dynamics of epidemic spreading and information or behavior spreading are essentially different in many aspects. Centola's experiments [ScienceSCIEAS0036-807510.1126/science.1185231 329, 1194 (2010)] on behavior spreading in online social networks showed that the spreading is faster and broader in regular networks than in random networks. This result contradicts with the former understanding that random networks are preferable for spreading than regular networks. To describe the spreading in online social networks, a unknown-known-approved-exhausted four-status model was proposed, which emphasizes the effect of social reinforcement and assumes that the redundant signals can improve the probability of approval (i.e., the spreading rate). Performing the model on regular and random networks, it is found that our model can well explain the results of Centola's experiments on behavior spreading and some former studies on information spreading in different parameter space. The effects of average degree and network size on behavior spreading process are further analyzed. The results again show the importance of social reinforcement and are accordant with Centola's anticipation that increasing the network size or decreasing the average degree will enlarge the difference of the density of final approved nodes between regular and random networks. Our work complements the former studies on spreading dynamics, especially the spreading in online social networks where the information usually requires individuals' confirmations before being transmitted to others.

Zheng, Muhua; Lü, Linyuan; Zhao, Ming

2013-07-01

162

Database partitioning strategies for social network data  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I designed, prototyped and benchmarked two different data partitioning strategies for social network type workloads. The first strategy takes advantage of the heavy-tailed degree distributions of social ...

Moll Thomae, Oscar Ricardo

2012-01-01

163

Social Networks and the Nature of Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

If I had encountered sociologist Barry Wellman and learned about social network analysis when I first wrote about cyberspace\\u000a cultures, I could have saved us all a decade of debate by calling them “online social networks” instead of “virtual communities”.\\u000a Social networks predated the Internet, writing and even speech. Indeed, humans are not the only creature that makes use of

Howard Rheingold

164

Mining Social Networks in Message Boards  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the paper, we flrst present an approach to extract social networks from message boards on the Internet. Then we show structural features of 3,000 social networks extracted from 3,000 message boards from 15 categories in Yahoo!Japan Message Boards to prove the relationships between the features and the categories. After we classify social networks into three types (interactive communication, distributed

Naohiro Matsumura; David E. Goldberg; Xavier Llor

2005-01-01

165

Mining diversity on social media networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fast development of multimedia technology and increasing availability of network bandwidth has given rise to an abundance\\u000a of network data as a result of all the ever-booming social media and social websites in recent years, e.g., Flickr, Youtube,\\u000a MySpace, Facebook, etc. Social network analysis has therefore become a critical problem attracting enthusiasm from both academia\\u000a and industry. However, an

Lu Liu; Feida Zhu; Meng Jiang; Jiawei Han; Lifeng Sun; Shiqiang Yang

2010-01-01

166

Social Representations of American History and Academic Engagement and Performance of African American Students  

E-print Network

Previous research has shown that social representations of one’s social groups can influence academic outcomes for racial and ethnic minority students in the United States. Other research has found that representations of American history have...

Thai, Luyen T.

2014-04-29

167

Psy 992 Social Network Analysis Syllabus 1 Social Network Analysis (Psy 992)  

E-print Network

Psy 992 Social Network Analysis Syllabus 1 Social Network Analysis (Psy 992) Fall 2012 Instructor: Jennifer Watling Neal, Ph.D. Class: Tuesdays 10:20-1:10pm Office: 127A Psychology Building Location: 134C: Social network analysis is a distinct approach to research that focuses on the structure of relationships

Liu, Taosheng

168

Divide and Conquer: Partitioning Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online Social Networks (OSNs) have exploded in terms of scale and scope over\\u000athe last few years. The unprecedented growth of these networks present\\u000achallenges in terms of system design and maintenance. One way to cope with this\\u000ais by partitioning such large networks and assigning these partitions to\\u000adifferent machines. However, social networks possess unique properties that\\u000amake the

Josep M. Pujol; Vijay Erramilli; Pablo Rodriguez

2009-01-01

169

Bayesian Networks for Social Modeling  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a body of work developed over the past five years. The work addresses the use of Bayesian network (BN) models for representing and predicting social/organizational behaviors. The topics covered include model construction, validation, and use. These topics show the bulk of the lifetime of such model, beginning with construction, moving to validation and other aspects of model ‘critiquing’, and finally demonstrating how the modeling approach might be used to inform policy analysis. To conclude, we discuss limitations of using BN for this activity and suggest remedies to address those limitations. The primary benefits of using a well-developed computational, mathematical, and statistical modeling structure, such as BN, are 1) there are significant computational, theoretical and capability bases on which to build 2) ability to empirically critique the model, and potentially evaluate competing models for a social/behavioral phenomena.

Whitney, Paul D.; White, Amanda M.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Dalton, Angela C.; Brothers, Alan J.

2011-03-28

170

Improving Matching Process in Social Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online dating networks, a type of social network, are gaining popularity. With many people joining and being available in the network, users are overwhelmed with choices when choosing their ideal partners. This problem can be overcome by utilizing recommendation methods. However, traditional recommendation methods are ineffective and inefficient for online dating networks where the dataset is sparse and\\/or large and

Lin Chen; Richi Nayak; Yue Xu

2010-01-01

171

Assessing Academic Advising Outcomes Using Social Cognitive Theory: A Validity and Reliability Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The validity and reliability of three instruments, the "Counselor Rubric for Gauging Student Understanding of Academic Planning," micro-analytic questions, and the "Student Survey for Understanding Academic Planning," all based on social cognitive theory, were tested as means to assess self-efficacy and self-regulated learning in college academic

Erlich, Richard J.; Russ-Eft, Darlene F.

2012-01-01

172

Psychology and social networks: a dynamic network theory perspective.  

PubMed

Research on social networks has grown exponentially in recent years. However, despite its relevance, the field of psychology has been relatively slow to explain the underlying goal pursuit and resistance processes influencing social networks in the first place. In this vein, this article aims to demonstrate how a dynamic network theory perspective explains the way in which social networks influence these processes and related outcomes, such as goal achievement, performance, learning, and emotional contagion at the interpersonal level of analysis. The theory integrates goal pursuit, motivation, and conflict conceptualizations from psychology with social network concepts from sociology and organizational science to provide a taxonomy of social network role behaviors, such as goal striving, system supporting, goal preventing, system negating, and observing. This theoretical perspective provides psychologists with new tools to map social networks (e.g., dynamic network charts), which can help inform the development of change interventions. Implications for social, industrial-organizational, and counseling psychology as well as conflict resolution are discussed, and new opportunities for research are highlighted, such as those related to dynamic network intelligence (also known as cognitive accuracy), levels of analysis, methodological/ethical issues, and the need to theoretically broaden the study of social networking and social media behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24750076

Westaby, James D; Pfaff, Danielle L; Redding, Nicholas

2014-04-01

173

Social self-efficacy, academic locus of control, and internet addiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship of internet addiction, social self-efficacy, and academic locus of control. Participants were 311 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale, the Academic Locus of Control Scale, and the Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale. The hypothesis model was tested through structural equation modeling. According to results

Murat Iskender; Ahmet Akin

2010-01-01

174

Social Self-Efficacy, Academic Locus of Control, and Internet Addiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship of internet addiction, social self-efficacy, and academic locus of control. Participants were 311 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale, the Academic Locus of Control Scale, and the Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale. The…

Iskender, Murat; Akin, Ahmet

2010-01-01

175

Academic and Social Impairments of Elementary School Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined academic and social impairments of 6- to 11-year-old children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 101) versus other referred children without ADHD (n = 53) and controls (n = 24). Parent and teacher ratings showed significantly lower academic performance and lower social functioning for children with ADHD…

McConaughy, Stephanie H.; Volpe, Robert J.; Antshel, Kevin M.; Gordon, Michael; Eiraldi, Ricardo B.

2011-01-01

176

Academic and Social Integration and Study Progress in Problem Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) on social and academic integration and study progress. Three hundred and five first-year students from three different psychology curricula completed a questionnaire on social and academic integration. Effects of a full-fledged PBL environment were compared to (1) effects of a…

Severiens, Sabine E.; Schmidt, Henk G.

2009-01-01

177

Personal Best Goals and Academic and Social Functioning: A Longitudinal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal best goals (PB goals) articulate a target performance standard that matches or exceeds one's previous best. This study examined the role of PB goals in academic and social functioning. Alongside academic and social outcome measures, PB goal items were administered to 249 high-school students at the beginning and end of their school year.…

Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Ginns, Paul; Martin, Andrew J.; Stone, Barbara; Herrett, Maree

2012-01-01

178

An Exploration into the Influence of Academic and Social Values, Procrastination, and Perceived School Belongingness on Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a structural equation model showed that a tendency to procrastinate, assessed early in college students' first term, was positively related to social values, assessed as concerns over social exclusion, but was negatively related to academic task values and grade goal-setting. The results suggest that procrastination may be a…

Kennedy, Gary J.; Tuckman, Bruce W.

2013-01-01

179

Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks  

E-print Network

digital library systems with personal information managementlibrary architecture [35] which splits the data management layer into separate systemsmanagement system that allows users to efficiently organize and browse their digital library.

Slater, Mark David

2013-01-01

180

Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks  

E-print Network

Manifesto. Manifesto for Agile Software Development. http://in practice: The case of agile software development. InAgile development [123] supports knowledge sharing [117] or how it can be been adapted to fit different software

Slater, Mark David

2013-01-01

181

Changes in Social Networks Following Marital Separation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Divorce changes not only the spousal relationship, but other associations as well. To study the changes in the social networks of recently divorced individuals, 40 adults (20 males, 20 females) participated in structured interviews. During the interview, data were collected on respondents' social networks and on their psychological well-being…

Rands, Marylyn

182

Corporate strategy and the Social Networking phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Networking (SN) phenomena has developed relatively overnight and is continuing to develop at an exponential pace. It allows for innovative new methods of disseminating and collecting information in ways never before dreamed possible by corporate executives. The rise of Social Networking is becoming a disruptive technology for traditional marketing and advertising medium such as radio, television, web page,

Robert L. Johnson

2010-01-01

183

Mining Social Networks for Targeted Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a data mining framework that utilizes the concept of social network for the targeted advertising of products. This approach discovers the cohesive subgroups from customer's social network which is derived from customer's interaction data. Based on the set of cohesive subgroups, we infer the probabilities of customer's liking a product category from transaction records. Utilizing

Wan-shiou Yang; Jia-ben Dia; Hung-chi Cheng; Hsing-tzu Lin

2006-01-01

184

Targeted advertising for online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generating targeted advertisements for online social networks is a problem of growing interest. Monetizing activity in online social networks has been the topic of heated discussion lately. The undiscriminating tastes and spending power of a majority of its members makes this medium for self-expression and opinion sharing a very lucrative venue for advertising. The recent $240 million investment by Microsoft

Pinaki Mitra; Kamal Baid

2009-01-01

185

Bootstrapping opportunistic networks using social roles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opportunistic routing protocols can enable mes- sage delivery in disconnected networks of mobile devices. To conserve energy in mobile environments, such routing protocols must minimise unnecessary message-forwarding. This paper presents an opportunistic routing protocol that leverages social role information. We compute node roles from a social network graph to identify nodes with similar contact re- lationships, and use these roles

Greg Bigwood; Tristan Henderson

2011-01-01

186

College students' social networking experiences on Facebook  

Microsoft Academic Search

Millions of contemporary young adults use social networking sites. However, little is known about how much, why, and how they use these sites. In this study, 92 undergraduates completed a diary-like measure each day for a week, reporting daily time use and responding to an activities checklist to assess their use of the popular social networking site, Facebook. At the

Tiffany A. Pempek; Yevdokiya A. Yermolayeva; Sandra L. Calvert

2009-01-01

187

An online social network for emergency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online Social Networking Sites (SNS) are becoming extremely popular and can be employed in a variety of contexts. They permit the establishment of global relationships that are domain related or can be based on some general need shared by the participants. Emergency domain related websites, each with their own stated mission, are becoming widespread. Can a social network offer a

Connie White; Linda Plotnick; Jane Kushma; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Murray Turoff

2009-01-01

188

Parallel crawling for online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given a huge online social network, how do we retrieve information from it through crawling? Even better, how do we improve the crawling performance by using parallel crawlers that work independently? In this paper, we present the framework of parallel crawlers for online social networks, utilizing a centralized queue. To show how this works in practice, we describe our implementation

Duen Horng Chau; Shashank Pandit; Samuel Wang; Christos Faloutsos

2007-01-01

189

Motivations for social networking at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of a social networking site inside of a large enterprise enables a new method of communication between colleagues, encouraging both personal and professional sharing inside the protected walls of a company intranet. Our analysis of user behavior and interviews presents the case that professionals use internal social networking to build stronger bonds with their weak ties and to

Joan Morris Dimicco; David R. Millen; Werner Geyer; Casey Dugan; Beth Brownholtz; Michael J. Muller

2008-01-01

190

Social Networking on the Semantic Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Aims to investigate the way that the semantic web is being used to represent and process social network information. Design/methodology/approach: The Swoogle semantic web search engine was used to construct several large data sets of Resource Description Framework (RDF) documents with social network information that were encoded using the…

Finin, Tim; Ding, Li; Zhou, Lina; Joshi, Anupam

2005-01-01

191

Gender Differences in Using Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine individuals' usage purposes of social networks with a focus on the possible differences between females and males. Facebook, which is one the most popular and being most widely used social network, is investigated in this study. The study group consisted of 870 Facebook users who responded to an online…

Mazman, S. Guzin; Usluel, Yasemin Kocak

2011-01-01

192

Enhancing Classroom Effectiveness through Social Networking Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine the usefulness of social networking Web sites such as Ning.com as a communication tool in marketing courses, a study was designed with special concern for social network use in comparison to Blackboard. Students from multiple marketing courses were surveyed. Assessments of Ning.com and Blackboard were performed both to understand how…

Kurthakoti, Raghu; Boostrom, Robert E., Jr.; Summey, John H.; Campbell, David A.

2013-01-01

193

Vizster: Visualizing Online Social Networks Jeffrey Heer  

E-print Network

, and online dating services. In 2003, another form of online community acquired stunning popularity: onlineVizster: Visualizing Online Social Networks Jeffrey Heer Computer Science Division University, Berkeley ABSTRACT Recent years have witnessed the dramatic popularity of online social networking services

Hearst, Marti

194

Exploring the Relationships between Students' Academic Motivation and Social Ability in Online Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explicates the construct of social ability and describes the relationship between students' academic motivation and social ability in online learning environments. Findings reveal perceived peers social presence, perceived written communication skills, perceived instructor social presence, comfort with sharing personal information,…

Yang, Chia-Chi; Tsai, I-Chun; Kim, Bosung; Cho, Moon-Heum; Laffey, James M.

2006-01-01

195

Social Network Security: A Brief Overview of Risks and Solutions  

E-print Network

Social Network Security: A Brief Overview of Risks and Solutions Edward Wang, ekw1@cec.wustl.edu (A the various aspects of social, network and physical security related with the use of social networks Social network security, social engineering, XSS, CSRF, DoS, stalking, OpenID, Facebook, twitter, Linked

Jain, Raj

196

13-12-16 Big Data in Social Networks  

E-print Network

13-12-16 1 Big Data in Social Networks Ivan Stojmenovic University of Ottawa December 2013 Outline Big Data Big Data in Social Networks 4V in Big Data from Social Networks Harnessing Big Data from Social Networks Small Social Data vs Big Data Community structure Space ­crossing community

Stojmenovic, Ivan

197

Networking for philanthropy: increasing volunteer behavior via social networking sites.  

PubMed

Social networking sites (SNSs) provide a unique social venue to engage the young generation in philanthropy through their networking capabilities. An integrated model that incorporates social capital into the Theory of Reasoned Action is developed to explain volunteer behavior through social networks. As expected, volunteer behavior was predicted by volunteer intention, which was influenced by attitudes and subjective norms. In addition, social capital, an outcome of the extensive use of SNSs, was as an important driver of users' attitude and subjective norms toward volunteering via SNSs. PMID:24102569

Kim, Yoojung; Lee, Wei-Na

2014-03-01

198

A Social Network System Based on an Ontology in the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We in this paper propose a social network based on ontology in Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM). By using the social network, researchers can find collaborators and share research results with others so that studies in Korean Medicine fields can be activated. For this purpose, first, personal profiles, scholarships, careers, licenses, academic activities, research results, and personal connections for all of researchers in KIOM are collected. After relationship and hierarchy among ontology classes and attributes of classes are defined through analyzing the collected information, a social network ontology are constructed using FOAF and OWL. This ontology can be easily interconnected with other social network by FOAF and provide the reasoning based on OWL ontology. In future, we construct the search and reasoning system using the ontology. Moreover, if the social network is activated, we will open it to whole Korean Medicine fields.

Kim, Sang-Kyun; Han, Jeong-Min; Song, Mi-Young

199

Information Filtering on Coupled Social Networks  

PubMed Central

In this paper, based on the coupled social networks (CSN), we propose a hybrid algorithm to nonlinearly integrate both social and behavior information of online users. Filtering algorithm, based on the coupled social networks, considers the effects of both social similarity and personalized preference. Experimental results based on two real datasets, Epinions and Friendfeed, show that the hybrid pattern can not only provide more accurate recommendations, but also enlarge the recommendation coverage while adopting global metric. Further empirical analyses demonstrate that the mutual reinforcement and rich-club phenomenon can also be found in coupled social networks where the identical individuals occupy the core position of the online system. This work may shed some light on the in-depth understanding of the structure and function of coupled social networks. PMID:25003525

Nie, Da-Cheng; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhou, Jun-Lin; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Kui

2014-01-01

200

Information filtering on coupled social networks.  

PubMed

In this paper, based on the coupled social networks (CSN), we propose a hybrid algorithm to nonlinearly integrate both social and behavior information of online users. Filtering algorithm, based on the coupled social networks, considers the effects of both social similarity and personalized preference. Experimental results based on two real datasets, Epinions and Friendfeed, show that the hybrid pattern can not only provide more accurate recommendations, but also enlarge the recommendation coverage while adopting global metric. Further empirical analyses demonstrate that the mutual reinforcement and rich-club phenomenon can also be found in coupled social networks where the identical individuals occupy the core position of the online system. This work may shed some light on the in-depth understanding of the structure and function of coupled social networks. PMID:25003525

Nie, Da-Cheng; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhou, Jun-Lin; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Kui

2014-01-01

201

Digital Social Network Mining for Topic Discovery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Networked computers are expanding more and more around the world, and digital social networks becoming of great importance for many people's work and leisure. This paper mainly focused on discovering the topic of exchanging information in digital social network. In brief, our method is to use a hierarchical dictionary of related topics and words that mapped to a graph. Then, with comparing the extracted keywords from the context of social network with graph nodes, probability of relation between context and desired topics will be computed. This model can be used in many applications such as advertising, viral marketing and high-risk group detection.

Moradianzadeh, Pooya; Mohi, Maryam; Sadighi Moshkenani, Mohsen

202

Analysis of social networks among physicians employed at a medical school.  

PubMed

Social network analysis is a well-known method for discovering the social complexities of relationships. In this paper, we present the results of its application in a healthcare environment, i.e. a state university hospital. The sociometric method was adopted to collect social network data. The analysis was performed using Pajek. The medical practice/academic and technological networks among physicians of a state university hospital were explored. Monomorphic and polymorphic opinion leaders (OLs) within the networks were identified using the in-degree measure. Cohesiveness were investigated based on network density and average degree. In addition, it was checked if the mentor system may present impact on the formation of social networks among physicians. PMID:25160244

Yuce, Yilmaz Kemal; Zayim, Nese; Oguz, Basak; Bozkurt, Selen; Isleyen, Filiz; Gulkesen, K Hakan

2014-01-01

203

Social capital, social network and identity bonds: a reconceptualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that along with social network analysis researchers can also benefit from looking at the identity bonding perspective. In this paper, by synthetic and critical reviewing literature on related work from sociology and information science, we provide a new theoretical lens that calls attention to the role played by shared identity in creating social capital.

Hao Jiang; John M. Carroll

2009-01-01

204

Multilayer weighted social network model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent empirical studies using large-scale data sets have validated the Granovetter hypothesis on the structure of the society in that there are strongly wired communities connected by weak ties. However, as interaction between individuals takes place in diverse contexts, these communities turn out to be overlapping. This implies that the society has a multilayered structure, where the layers represent the different contexts. To model this structure we begin with a single-layer weighted social network (WSN) model showing the Granovetterian structure. We find that when merging such WSN models, a sufficient amount of interlayer correlation is needed to maintain the relationship between topology and link weights, while these correlations destroy the enhancement in the community overlap due to multiple layers. To resolve this, we devise a geographic multilayer WSN model, where the indirect interlayer correlations due to the geographic constraints of individuals enhance the overlaps between the communities and, at the same time, the Granovetterian structure is preserved.

Murase, Yohsuke; Török, János; Jo, Hang-Hyun; Kaski, Kimmo; Kertész, János

2014-11-01

205

Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.

Golbeck, Jennifer

2015-01-01

206

Mobilizing Ideas in Knowledge Networks: A Social Network Analysis of the Human Resource Management Community 1990-2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show the role of social networks in mobilizing how actors both impact and are impacted on by their colleagues. It seeks to compare the human resource management (HRM) academic community with two other comparable communities, and to identify those groups that are seen to work closely together.…

Henneberg, Stephan C.; Swart, Juani; Naude, Peter; Jiang, Zhizhong; Mouzas, Stefanos

2009-01-01

207

Convening a Network within the European Conference on Educational Research: A History of the Social Justice and Intercultural Education Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of initiating and sustaining a research-based dialogue on social justice and intercultural education in Europe requires both flexibility and focus. This article highlights the challenges facing convenors of one network, who wish to include researchers from diverse backgrounds, while at the same time enhancing the academic quality of…

Bhatti, Ghazala; Leeman, Yvonne

2011-01-01

208

Some trust issues in social networks and sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust and reputation are becoming increasingly important in diverse areas such as search, e-commerce, social media, semantic sensor networks, etc. We review past work and explore future research issues relevant to trust in social\\/sensor networks and interactions. We advocate a balanced, iterative approach to trust that marries both theory and practice. On the theoretical side, we investigate models of trust

Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan; Pramod Anantharam; Cory A. Henson; Amit P. Sheth

2010-01-01

209

How women organize social networks different from men  

E-print Network

Superpositions of social networks, such as communication, friendship, or trade networks, are called multiplex networks, forming the structural backbone of human societies. Novel datasets now allow quantification and ...

Szell, Michael

210

Estimating Node Influenceability in Social Networks  

E-print Network

Influence analysis is a fundamental problem in social network analysis and mining. The important applications of the influence analysis in social network include influence maximization for viral marketing, finding the most influential nodes, online advertising, etc. For many of these applications, it is crucial to evaluate the influenceability of a node. In this paper, we study the problem of evaluating influenceability of nodes in social network based on the widely used influence spread model, namely, the independent cascade model. Since this problem is #P-complete, most existing work is based on Naive Monte-Carlo (\

Li, Rong-Hua; Shang, Zechao

2012-01-01

211

Build your own social network laboratory with Social Lab: a tool for research in social media.  

PubMed

Social networking has surpassed e-mail and instant messaging as the dominant form of online communication (Meeker, Devitt, & Wu, 2010). Currently, all large social networks are proprietary, making it difficult to impossible for researchers to make changes to such networks for the purpose of study design and access to user-generated data from the networks. To address this issue, the authors have developed and present Social Lab, an Internet-based free and open-source social network software system available from http://www.sociallab.es . Having full availability of navigation and communication data in Social Lab allows researchers to investigate behavior in social media on an individual and group level. Automated artificial users ("bots") are available to the researcher to simulate and stimulate social networking situations. These bots respond dynamically to situations as they unfold. The bots can easily be configured with scripts and can be used to experimentally manipulate social networking situations in Social Lab. Examples for setting up, configuring, and using Social Lab as a tool for research in social media are provided. PMID:24061930

Garaizar, Pablo; Reips, Ulf-Dietrich

2014-06-01

212

Privacy in Online Social Networks and Richard Chbeir2  

E-print Network

Privacy in Online Social Networks Elie Raad1 and Richard Chbeir2 1 Memorial University richard.chbeir@univ-pau.fr Abstract. Online social networks have become an important part of the online, Social Network Representation; 1 Introduction For the past few years, online social networks experienced

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

213

Predicting Positive and Negative Links in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

Predicting Positive and Negative Links in Online Social Networks Jure Leskovec Stanford University University kleinber@cs.cornell.edu ABSTRACT We study online social networks in which relationships can be ei social network settings, the vast majority of online social network research has considered only positive

Field, David

214

Searching social networks for subgraph patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software tools for Social Network Analysis (SNA) are being developed which support various types of analysis of social networks extracted from social media websites (e.g., Twitter). Once extracted and stored in a database such social networks are amenable to analysis by SNA software. This data analysis often involves searching for occurrences of various subgraph patterns (i.e., graphical representations of entities and relationships). The authors have developed the Graph Matching Toolkit (GMT) which provides an intuitive Graphical User Interface (GUI) for a heuristic graph matching algorithm called the Truncated Search Tree (TruST) algorithm. GMT is a visual interface for graph matching algorithms processing large social networks. GMT enables an analyst to draw a subgraph pattern by using a mouse to select categories and labels for nodes and links from drop-down menus. GMT then executes the TruST algorithm to find the top five occurrences of the subgraph pattern within the social network stored in the database. GMT was tested using a simulated counter-insurgency dataset consisting of cellular phone communications within a populated area of operations in Iraq. The results indicated GMT (when executing the TruST graph matching algorithm) is a time-efficient approach to searching large social networks. GMT's visual interface to a graph matching algorithm enables intelligence analysts to quickly analyze and summarize the large amounts of data necessary to produce actionable intelligence.

Ogaard, Kirk; Kase, Sue; Roy, Heather; Nagi, Rakesh; Sambhoos, Kedar; Sudit, Moises

2013-06-01

215

Can Socially Adept Friends Protect Peer-Victimized Early Adolescents against Lower Academic Competence?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined indices of friends' social adjustment (prosocial skills and social anxiety) that may protect against or exacerbate vulnerability to lower academic competence in the context of peer victimization during middle school (N=320). Peer victimization was assessed with peer nominations, social anxiety was measured with self…

Tu, Kelly M.; Erath, Stephen A.; Flanagan, Kelly S.

2012-01-01

216

Revised8/29/2006 REQUEST FOR UPDATE IN SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES  

E-print Network

Revised8/29/2006 REQUEST FOR UPDATE IN SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES Virginia Tech PRESENTED In order to process a social security number update, our office requires legal documentation reflecting your new number. Please provide a copy of your Social Security Card combined with one

Virginia Tech

217

Striving for Social Dominance over Peers: The Implications for Academic Adjustment during Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the proposal that social dominance goals are an important, but overlooked, aspect of social goals for young adolescents' academic adjustment. Self-reports of social goals (dominance, intimacy, and popularity goals) early in the school year were used to predict subsequent engagement (self-reports and peer nominations of…

Kiefer, Sarah M.; Ryan, Allison M.

2008-01-01

218

Geographies of an online social network  

E-print Network

How is online social media activity structured in the geographical space? Recent studies have shown that in spite of earlier visions about the "death of distance", physical proximity is still a major factor in social tie formation and maintenance in virtual social networks. Yet, it is unclear, what are the characteristics of the distance dependence in online social networks. In order to explore this issue the complete network of the former major Hungarian online social network is analyzed. We find that the distance dependence is weaker for the online social network ties than what was found earlier for phone communication networks. For a further analysis we introduced a coarser granularity: We identified the settlements with the nodes of a network and assigned two kinds of weights to the links between them. When the weights are proportional to the number of contacts we observed weakly formed, but spatially based modules resembling to the borders of macro-regions, the highest level of regional administration in...

Lengyel, Balázs; Ságvári, Bence; Jakobi, Ákos; Kertész, János

2015-01-01

219

Disease dynamics in a dynamic social network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a framework for simulating a realistic, evolving social network (a city) into which a disease is introduced. We compare our results to prevaccine era measles data for England and Wales, and find that they capture the quantitative and qualitative features of epidemics in populations spanning two orders of magnitude. Our results provide unique insight into how and why the social topology of the contact network influences the propagation of the disease through the population. We argue that network simulation is suitable for concurrently probing contact network dynamics and disease dynamics in ways that prior modeling approaches cannot and it can be extended to the study of less well-documented diseases.

Christensen, Claire; Albert, István; Grenfell, Bryan; Albert, Réka

2010-07-01

220

Enterprise social networks : engaging employees and sustaining participation  

E-print Network

Social relationships pervade every aspect of human life and development of social networks at work is inevitable. Enterprise social networking solutions provide a platform for employees to formally foster these professional ...

Sharma, Payal

2014-01-01

221

Data retrieval from online social network profiles for social engineering applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increased use of online social networking sites, data retrieval from social networking profiles is becoming a major tool for business. What makes social networking profile data different is its semi-structured format. The structure and the presentation of profile data change all the time. In social networking there is a lack of research into automated data retrieval from semi-structured

Sophia Alim; Ruqayya Abdulrahman; Daniel Neagu; Mick J. Ridley

2009-01-01

222

Spectral Analysis of Rich Network Topology in Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networks have received much attention these days. Researchers have developed different methods to study the structure and characteristics of the network topology. Our focus is on spectral analysis of the adjacency matrix of the underlying network. Recent work showed good properties in the adjacency spectral space but there are few…

Wu, Leting

2013-01-01

223

Violating Social Norms when Choosing Friends: How Rule-Breakers Affect Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks rely on basic rules of conduct to yield functioning societies in both human and animal populations. As individuals follow established rules, their behavioral decisions shape the social network and give it structure. Using dynamic, self-organizing social network models we demonstrate that defying conventions in a social system can affect multiple levels of social and organizational success independently. Such

Karlo Hock; Nina H. Fefferman

2011-01-01

224

Sociapedia : online collaboration over a social network  

E-print Network

This paper introduces Sociapedia, a collaborative social network application that encourages friends to contribute content about each other. Sociapedia is designed upon the same principles that allowed ordinary web users ...

Kedia, Mihir

2009-01-01

225

Online social network sensors for influenza outbreaks  

E-print Network

Previous research has shown strong correlations between postings on the online social network Twitter where users complain of influenza-like symptoms, and clinical data on actual influenza rates. In addition, previous ...

Everett, Katie Elizabeth

2013-01-01

226

Diffusion of innovations in social networks  

E-print Network

While social networks do affect diffusion of innovations, the exact nature of these effects are far from clear, and, in many cases, there exist conflicting hypotheses among researchers. In this paper, we focus on the linear ...

Acemoglu, Daron

227

Social Networks in Improvement of Health Care  

PubMed Central

Social network is a social structure made of individuals or organizations associated with one or more types of interdependence (friendship, common interests, work, knowledge, prestige, etc.) which are the “nodes” of the network. Networks can be organized to exchange information, knowledge or financial assistance under the various interest groups in universities, workplaces and associations of citizens. Today the most popular and widely used networks are based on application of the Internet as the main ICT. Depending on the method of connection, their field of activity and expertise of those who participate in certain networks, the network can be classified into the following groups: a) Social Networks with personal physical connectivity (the citizens’ associations, transplant networks, etc.), b) Global social internet network (Facebook, Twitter, Skype), c) specific health internet social network (forums, Health Care Forums, Healthcare Industry Forum), d) The health community internet network of non professionals (DailyStrength, CaringBridge, CarePages, MyFamilyHealth), e) Scientific social internet network (BiomedExperts, ResearchGate, iMedExchange), f) Social internet network which supported professionals (HealthBoards, Spas and Hope Association of Disabled and diabetic Enurgi), g) Scientific medical internet network databases in the system of scientific and technical information (CC, Pubmed/Medline, Excerpta Medica/EMBASE, ISI Web Knowledge, EBSCO, Index Copernicus, Social Science Index, etc.). The information in the network are exchanged in real time and in a way that has until recently been impossible in real life of people in the community. Networks allow tens of thousands of specific groups of people performing a series of social, professional and educational activities in the place of living and housing, place of work or other locations where individuals are. Network provides access to information related to education, health, nutrition, drugs, procedures, etc., which gives a special emphasis on public health aspects of information, especially in the field of medicine and health care. The authors of this paper discuss the role and practical importance of social networks in improving the health and solving of health problems without the physical entrance into the health care system. Social networks have their advantages and disadvantages, benefits and costs, especially when it comes to information which within the network set unprofessional people from unreliable sources, without an adequate selection. The ethical aspect of the norms in this segment is still not adequately regulated, so any sanctions for the unauthorized and malicious use of social networks in private and other purposes in order to obtain personal gain at the expense of individuals or groups (sick or healthy, owners of certain businesses and companies, health organizations and pharmaceutical manufacturers, etc.), for which there is still no global or European codes and standards of conduct. Cyber crime is now one of the mostly present types of crime in modern times, as evidenced by numerous scandals that are happening both globally and locally. PMID:23922516

Masic, Izet; Sivic, Suad; Toromanovic, Selim; Borojevic, Tea; Pandza, Haris

2012-01-01

228

Brand communities embedded in social networks.  

PubMed

Brand communities represent highly valuable marketing, innovation management, and customer relationship management tools. However, applying successful marketing strategies today, and in the future, also means exploring and seizing the unprecedented opportunities of social network environments. This study combines these two social phenomena which have largely been researched separately, and aims to investigate the existence, functionality and different types of brand communities within social networks. The netnographic approach yields strong evidence of this existence; leading to a better understanding of such embedded brand communities, their peculiarities, and motivational drivers for participation; therefore the findings contribute to theory by combining two separate research streams. Due to the advantages of social networks, brand management is now able to implement brand communities with less time and financial effort; however, choosing the appropriate brand community type, cultivating consumers' interaction, and staying tuned to this social engagement are critical factors to gain anticipated brand outcomes. PMID:23564989

Zaglia, Melanie E

2013-02-01

229

Brand communities embedded in social networks?  

PubMed Central

Brand communities represent highly valuable marketing, innovation management, and customer relationship management tools. However, applying successful marketing strategies today, and in the future, also means exploring and seizing the unprecedented opportunities of social network environments. This study combines these two social phenomena which have largely been researched separately, and aims to investigate the existence, functionality and different types of brand communities within social networks. The netnographic approach yields strong evidence of this existence; leading to a better understanding of such embedded brand communities, their peculiarities, and motivational drivers for participation; therefore the findings contribute to theory by combining two separate research streams. Due to the advantages of social networks, brand management is now able to implement brand communities with less time and financial effort; however, choosing the appropriate brand community type, cultivating consumers’ interaction, and staying tuned to this social engagement are critical factors to gain anticipated brand outcomes. PMID:23564989

Zaglia, Melanie E.

2013-01-01

230

Defining Appropriate Professional Behavior for Faculty and University Students on Social Networking Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of university students have profiles on social networking sites (e.g., Myspace, Facebook) (Salaway et al. 2008). However, it is yet to be determined what role this rapidly evolving method of communication will play in an academic setting. Data for the current study was collected from 459 university students and 159 university…

Malesky, L. Alvin; Peters, Chris

2012-01-01

231

Digital gaming and social networking: English teachers' perceptions, attitudes and experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elements of popular culture, in particular the film and song genres, have already been integrated into the senior curriculum in Hong Kong. While academic researchers advocate the inclusion of online social networking and video gaming as curricular alternatives to connect learners to digital literacy practices, its reception by teachers has yet to be fully explored. This paper reports on an

Alice Chik

2011-01-01

232

Principal Perspectives on Social Networking and the Disruptive Effects of Cyberbullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyberbullying on social networking sites such as MySpace and Facebook has had negative effects on children at school. Cyberbullying disruption during the school day adds to the complexity of maintaining school operations, safety, and academic achievement. With the advancement of technology, there is a gap in the literature on the disruption in…

Welker, Heidi Stevenson

2010-01-01

233

Opinions of University Graduates about Social Networks According to Their Personal Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to determine opinions of university graduates about social networks according to their personal characteristics. The research was conducted on 203 university graduates who received teacher training at Sakarya University in 2010-2011 academic year. Two different data collection tools were administered to the participating…

Isbulan, Onur

2011-01-01

234

Network DEA: an application to analysis of academic performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As governmental subsidies to universities are declining in recent years, sustaining excellence in academic performance and more efficient use of resources have become important issues for university stakeholders. To assess the academic performances and the utilization of the resources, two important issues need to be addressed, i.e., a capable methodology and a set of good performance indicators as we consider in this paper. In this paper, we propose a set of performance indicators to enable efficiency analysis of academic activities and apply a novel network DEA structure to account for subfunctional efficiencies such as teaching quality, research productivity, as well as the overall efficiency. We tested our approach on the efficiency analysis of academic colleges at Alzahra University in Iran.

Saniee Monfared, Mohammad Ali; Safi, Mahsa

2013-05-01

235

Social network analysis and dual rover communications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social network analysis (SNA) refers to the collection of techniques, tools, and methods used in sociometry aiming at the analysis of social networks to investigate decision making, group communication, and the distribution of information. Human factors engineers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducted a social network analysis on communication data collected during a 14-day field study operating a dual rover exploration mission to better understand the relationships between certain network groups such as ground control, flight teams, and planetary science. The analysis identified two communication network structures for the continuous communication and Twice-a-Day Communication scenarios as a split network and negotiated network respectfully. The major nodes or groups for the networks' architecture, transmittal status, and information were identified using graphical network mapping, quantitative analysis of subjective impressions, and quantified statistical analysis using Sociometric Statue and Centrality. Post-questionnaire analysis along with interviews revealed advantages and disadvantages of each network structure with team members identifying the need for a more stable continuous communication network, improved robustness of voice loops, and better systems training/capabilities for scientific imagery data and operational data during Twice-a-Day Communications.

Litaker, Harry L.; Howard, Robert L.

2013-10-01

236

Reframing practice: creating social learning networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that social learning networks can be implemented and achieve greater results than traditional e-Learning initiatives. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study is used to illustrate the social learning networks framework and pedagogical underpinnings. Findings – The case study shows significant outcomes not previously experienced in face-to-face taught environments. However, there are

Anne Bartlett-Bragg

2009-01-01

237

The social brain network and autism.  

PubMed

Available research data in Autism suggests the role of a network of brain areas, often known as the 'social brain'. Recent studies highlight the role of genetic mutations as underlying patho-mechanism in Autism. This mini review, discusses the basic concepts behind social brain networks, theory of mind and genetic factors associated with Autism. It critically evaluates and explores the relationship between the behavioral outcomes and genetic factors providing a conceptual framework for understanding of autism. PMID:25206065

Misra, Vivek

2014-04-01

238

A SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS APPROACH TO UNDERSTAND CHANGES IN A CANCER DISPARITIES COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIP NETWORK  

PubMed Central

The Tampa Bay Community Cancer Network (TBCCN) is one of the Community Network Program sites funded (2005–10) by the National Cancer Institute’s Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities. TBCCN was tasked to form a sustainable, community-based partnership network focused on the goal of reducing cancer health disparities among racial–ethnic minority and medically underserved populations. This article reports evaluation outcome results from a social network analysis and discusses the varying TBCCN partner roles—in education, training, and research—over a span of three years (2007–09). The network analysis included 20 local community partner organizations covering a tricounty area in Southwest Florida. In addition, multiple externally funded, community-based participatory research pilot projects with community–academic partners have either been completed or are currently in progress, covering research topics including culturally targeted colorectal and prostate cancer screening education, patient navigation focused on preventing cervical cancer in rural Latinas, and community perceptions of biobanking. The social network analysis identified a trend toward increased network decentralization based on betweenness centrality and overall increase in number of linkages, suggesting network sustainability. Degree centrality, trust, and multiplexity exhibited stability over the three-year time period. These results suggest increased interaction and interdependence among partner organizations and less dependence on the cancer center. Social network analysis enabled us to quantitatively evaluate partnership network functioning of TBCCN in terms of network structure and information and resources flows, which are integral to understanding effective coalition practice based on Community Coalition Action Theory ( Butterfoss and Kegler 2009). Sharing the results of the social network analysis with the partnership network is an important component of our coalition building efforts. A comprehensive baseline needs assessment for the next five-year funding phase (2010–15) of TBCCN Community Networks Program Centers (CNP Center) is under way to further evaluate the growth and sustainability of the partnership network, with an emphasis on community-based intervention research that takes into account culture and literacy. [social network, health care disparities, cancer screening] PMID:24363957

Luque, John S.; Tyson, Dinorah Martinez; Bynum, Shalanda A.; Noel-Thomas, Shalewa; Wells, Kristen J.; Vadaparampil, Susan T.; Gwede, Clement K.; Meade, Cathy D.

2013-01-01

239

Beyond Social Graphs: User Interactions in Online Social Networks and their Implications  

E-print Network

17 Beyond Social Graphs: User Interactions in Online Social Networks and their Implications CHRISTO Barbara Social networks are popular platforms for interaction, communication, and collaboration between friends. Researchers have recently proposed an emerging class of applications that leverage relationships

Zhao, Ben Y.

240

The Social Name-Letter Effect on Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

The Name-Letter Effect states that people have a preference for brands, places, and even jobs that start with the same letter as their own first name. So Sam might like Snickers and live in Seattle. We use social network data from Twitter and Google+ to replicate this effect in a new environment. We find limited to no support for the Name-Letter Effect on social networks. We do, however, find a very robust Same-Name Effect where, say, Michaels would be more likely to link to other Michaels than Johns. This effect persists when accounting for gender, nationality, race, and age. The fundamentals behind these effects have implications beyond psychology as understanding how a positive self-image is transferred to other entities is important in domains ranging from studying homophily to personalized advertising and to link formation in social networks.

Kooti, Farshad; Weber, Ingmar

2014-01-01

241

Evolution and Future Issues for an Academic Network in Palestine  

E-print Network

. This network could be later extended to other Palestinian educational institutions and non-profit organization of the needs of the academic and related community in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. The steps with personnel at UNDP, visits to Palestinian universities and research institutions, and discussions with others

Farrell, Paul A.

242

Small "p" Publishing: A Networked Blogging Approach to Academic Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights a middle ground for academic publishing between formal peer-reviewed journals and informal blogging that we call "Small "p" Publishing." Having implemented and tested a publishing network that illustrates this middle ground, we describe its unique contributions to scholars and learning communities. Three features that…

Martin, Julia W.; Hughes, Brian

2012-01-01

243

Personality in the context of social networks  

PubMed Central

There is great interest in environmental effects on the development and evolution of animal personality traits. An important component of an individual's environment is its social environment. However, few studies look beyond dyadic relationships and try to place the personality of individuals in the context of a social network. Social network analysis provides us with many new metrics to characterize the social fine-structure of populations and, therefore, with an opportunity to gain an understanding of the role that different personalities play in groups, communities and populations regarding information or disease transmission or in terms of cooperation and policing of social conflicts. The network position of an individual is largely a consequence of its interactive strategies. However, the network position can also shape an individual's experiences (especially in the case of juveniles) and therefore can influence the way in which it interacts with others in future. Finally, over evolutionary time, the social fine-structure of animal populations (as quantified by social network analysis) can have important consequences for the evolution of personalities—an approach that goes beyond the conventional game-theoretic analyses that assumed random mixing of individuals in populations. PMID:21078661

Krause, J.; James, R.; Croft, D. P.

2010-01-01

244

Work and Technology in Higher Education: The Social Construction of Academic Computing. Technology and Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contributes to the understanding of higher education's catalytic role in shaping the microcomputer revolution. Academic computing is viewed here as a social and cultural phenomenon. An in-depth collection of mainly ethnographic studies of the academic computing revolution--its consequences, meanings, and significance--is presented. The…

Shields, Mark A., Ed.

245

The Role of Parents in College Students' Sociopolitical Awareness, Academic, and Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between parental contact (frequency of student-parent communication) and involvement (parents' interest and/or involvement in students' academic progress and decision-making) with college students' personal, social, and academic development. Parental involvement accounted for over two-thirds of the significant…

Harper, Casandra E.; Sax, Linda J.; Wolf, De'Sha S.

2012-01-01

246

The socialization of sex-differentiated skills and academic performance: A mediational model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a multifactorial model, sex differences in academic performance were examined in a sample of 347 elementary school children. As expected, girls' academic performance averaged higher than boys'. Path analysis confirmed initial hypotheses that girls' advantage is partially due to their characteristic of greater responsiveness to social cues and compliance with adult direction. This advantage was partially offset in this

Lisa A. Serbin; Phyllis Zelkowitz; Anna-Beth Doyle; Dolores Gold; Blair Wheaton

1990-01-01

247

Physical Fitness and Academic Performance in Primary School Children with and without a Social Disadvantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the differences between children with a low socioeconomic status [socially disadvantaged children (SDC)] and children without this disadvantage (non-SDC) on physical fitness and academic performance. In addition, this study determined the association between physical fitness and academic performance, and investigated the…

de Greeff, J. W.; Hartman, E.; Mullender-Wijnsma, M. J.; Bosker, R. J.; Doolaard, S.; Visscher, C.

2014-01-01

248

Social and academic implications of acoustically hostile classrooms for hard of hearing children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The correlation between lowered academic achievement and classroom noise has been demonstrated for normally hearing children (Shield and Dockrell, 2003). However, the implications of poor classroom acoustics on the socialization and academic performance of children who are hard of hearing have not been examined. Eleven hard of hearing students in one school district, ranging from kindergarten to grade 7, were

Janet R. Jamieson

2005-01-01

249

The importance of race and social class information in the formation of expectancies about academic performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied the perceived locus of control, expected academic performance, and relative importance of 5 causal factors (ability, effort, luck, task difficulty, and quality of instruction) in the academic performance of a stimulus student. Both the race (Black vs White) and social class (middle vs lower) of the stimulus student were varied. Ss were enrolled in elementary education (n = 64)

Harris M. Cooper; Reuben M. Baron; Charles A. Lowe

1975-01-01

250

“Plays Nice With Others”: Social–Emotional Learning and Academic Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Social–emotional learning (SEL) is increasingly becoming an area of focus for determining children's school readiness and predicting their academic success. Practice or Policy: The current article outlines a model of SEL, identifies specific SEL skills, and discusses how such skills contribute and relate to academic success. Given that SEL skills may vary within person and across environments, the

Susanne A. Denham; Chavaughn Brown

2010-01-01

251

Third-Year College Retention and Transfer: Effects of Academic Performance, Motivation, and Social Connectedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied the effects of academic performance, motivation, and social connectedness on third-year retention, transfer, and dropout behavior. To accommodate the three outcome categories and nesting of data within institutions, we fit a hierarchical multinomial logistic regression path model with first-year academic performance as a mediating…

Allen, Jeff; Robbins, Steven B.; Casillas, Alex; Oh, In-Sue

2008-01-01

252

Quality Criteria of Research Perceived by Academics in Social Sciences at Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the problem of research quality in social sciences at higher education. Quality of research produced at higher education started to be questioned more often as research became the major factor determining academics' promotion and fund allocation to universities. In the study, we aimed to reveal how academics

Bakioglu, Aysen; Kurnaz, Ozlem

2009-01-01

253

Taming the River: Negotiating the Academic, Financial, and Social Currents in Selective Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on their important findings in "The Source of the River," the authors now probe even more deeply into minority underachievement at the college level. "Taming the River" examines the academic and social dynamics of different ethnic groups during the first two years of college. Focusing on racial differences in academic performance, the…

Charles, Camille Z.; Fischer, Mary J.; Mooney, Margarita A.; Massey, Douglas S.

2009-01-01

254

Perceived Social Support and Academic Achievement: Cross-Lagged Panel and Bivariate Growth Curve Analyses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As students transition to post-secondary education, they experience considerable stress and declines in academic performance. Perceived social support is thought to improve academic achievement by reducing stress. Longitudinal designs with three or more waves are needed in this area because they permit stronger causal inferences and help…

Mackinnon, Sean P.

2012-01-01

255

The Mechanics of Social Capital and Academic Performance in an Indian College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine how social capital affects the creation of human capital. Specifically, we study how college students' peers affect academic performance. Building on existing research, we consider the different types of peers in the academic context and the various mechanisms through which peers affect performance. We test our…

Hasan, Sharique; Bagde, Surendrakumar

2013-01-01

256

Social media networking: Facebook and Twitter.  

PubMed

The new wave of marketing and practice promotion will include social media networking. This article will discuss Facebook and Twitter. After reading this article you, will have an understanding of these two important aspects of social media and how you might use Facebook and Twitter in your practice to enhance your communication with your existing patients and attract new patients. PMID:21243885

Schneider, Andrew; Jackson, Rem; Baum, Neil

2010-01-01

257

CORE NETWORKS, SOCIAL ISOLATION, AND NEW MEDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from the US General Social Surveys (GSS) suggests that during the past 20 years, people have become increasingly socially isolated and their core discussion networks have become smaller and less diverse. One explanation offered for this trend is the use of mobile phones and the Internet. This study reports on the findings of a 2008 survey that replicates and

Keith N. Hampton; Lauren F. Sessions; Eun Ja Her

2011-01-01

258

Measuring Privacy Risk in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measuring privacy risk in online social networks is a challenging task. One of the fundamental difficulties is quantifying the amount of information revealed unin- tentionally. We present PrivAware, a tool to detect and report unintended information loss in online social net- works. Our goal is to provide a rudimentary framework to identify privacy risk and provide solutions to reduce information

Justin Becker

259

Inferring Social Networks from Distributed Bluetooth Scanning  

E-print Network

by the use of Bluetooth and GPS sensors, which allows to obtain data from each one of the mentioned devicesInferring Social Networks from Distributed Bluetooth Scanning Félix Manuel Rubio Kongens Lyngby of information, the system has to collect data from mobile devices to perform a social behavior re- search

260

Mapping search relevance to social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how information contained in the structure of the social graph can improve search result relevance on social networking websites. Traditional approaches to search include scoring documents for relevance based on a set of keywords or using the link structure across documents to infer quality and relevance. These approaches attempt to optimally match keywords to documents with little

Jonathan Haynes; Igor Perisic

2009-01-01

261

Creating Socially Networked Knowledge through Interdisciplinary Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on the experience of creating a socially networked system, the Research-oriented Social Environment (RoSE), for representing knowledge in the form of relationships between people, documents, and groups. Developed as an intercampus, interdisciplinary project of the University of California, this work reflects on a collaboration between…

Chuk, Eric; Hoetzlein, Rama; Kim, David; Panko, Julia

2012-01-01

262

Unravelling the Social Network: Theory and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the widespread popularity of social networking sites (SNSs) amongst children and young people in compulsory education, relatively little scholarly work has explored the fundamental issues at stake. This paper makes an original contribution to the field by locating the study of this online activity within the broader terrain of social

Merchant, Guy

2012-01-01

263

Online Formative Assessments with Social Network Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social network awareness (SNA) has been used extensively as one of the strategies to increase knowledge sharing and collaboration opportunities. However, most SNA studies either focus on being aware of peer's knowledge context or on social context. This work proposes online formative assessments with SNA, trying to address the problems of online…

Lin, Jian-Wei; Lai, Yuan-Cheng

2013-01-01

264

Friendster and publicly articulated social networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents ethnographic fieldwork on Friendster, an online dating site utilizing social networks to encourage friend-of-friend connections. I discuss how Friendster applies social theory, how users react to the site, and the tensions that emerge between creator and users when the latter fails to conform to the expectations of the former. By offering this ethnographic piece as an example,

danah michele boyd

2004-01-01

265

Motivating contributors in social media networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite recent advancements in user-driven social media platforms, tools for studying user behavior patterns and motivations remain primitive. We highlight the voluntary nature of user contributions and that users can choose when (and when not) to contribute to the common media pool. We use a Game theoretic framework to study the dynamics of a social media network wherein contribution costs

Vivek K. Singh; Ramesh Jain; Mohan S. Kankanhalli

2009-01-01

266

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds.  

PubMed

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of 'social complexity' across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments 'trained' individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

White, David J; Gersick, Andrew S; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-07-01

267

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds  

PubMed Central

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of ‘social complexity’ across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments ‘trained’ individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

White, David J.; Gersick, Andrew S.; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-01-01

268

Social Networks and Configurations in Inner-City Schools: Aggression, Popularity, and Implications for Students with EBD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inner-city students (N=506) in grades 4 through 7 were assessed by teachers and students for aggression, popularity, academic competence, "Olympian" characteristics, and affiliation. Findings indicated that members of the same peer social group were similar on multiple behavioral dimensions. High social-network centrality was associated with…

Xie, Hongling; Cairns, Robert B.; Cairns, Beverley D.

1999-01-01

269

A Model of Academic Self-Concept: Perceived Difficulty and Social Comparison among Academically Accelerated Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic self-concept predicts students' future goals and is affected by a student's relative success compared with his or her peer group. This exploratory study used structural equation modeling to examine the contributions of the perceived level of difficulty of the curriculum, in addition to the contributions of social comparison and…

Wilson, Hope E.; Siegle, Del; McCoach, D. Betsy; Little, Catherine A.; Reis, Sally M.

2014-01-01

270

Behavioral and emotional adjustment, family functioning, academic performance, and social relationships in children with selective mutism.  

PubMed

This study addressed four questions which parents of children with selective mutism (SM) frequently ask: (1) Is SM associated with anxiety or oppositional behavior? (2) Is SM associated with parenting and family dysfunction? (3) Will my child fail at school? and (4) Will my child make friends or be teased and bullied? In comparison to a sample of 52 community controls, 52 children with SM were more anxious, obsessive, and prone to somatic complaints. In contrast, children with SM were less oppositional and evidenced fewer attentional difficulties at school. We found no group differences in family structure, economic resources, family functioning, maternal mood difficulties, recreational activities, or social networks. While parents reported no differences in parenting strategies, children with SM were described as less cooperative in disciplinary situations. The academic (e.g., reading and math) and classroom cooperative skills of children with SM did not differ from controls. Parents and teachers reported that children with SM had significant deficits in social skills. Though teachers and parents rated children with SM as less socially assertive, neither teachers nor parents reported that children with SM were victimized more frequently by peers. PMID:15482497

Cunningham, Charles E; McHolm, Angela; Boyle, Michael H; Patel, Sejal

2004-11-01

271

Academic and social integration and study progress in problem based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study explores the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) on social and academic integration and study progress.\\u000a Three hundred and five first-year students from three different psychology curricula completed a questionnaire on social and\\u000a academic integration. Effects of a full-fledged PBL environment were compared to (1) effects of a conventional lecture-based\\u000a learning environment, and (2) effects of a learning

Sabine E. Severiens; Henk G. Schmidt

2009-01-01

272

A Culturally Informed Model of Academic Well-Being for Latino Youth: The Importance of Discriminatory Experiences and Social Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested a culturally informed model of academic well-being for 278 Latino youth. We examined detrimental effects of discriminatory experiences and protective effects of social support on self-reported academic outcomes. Models specified main and buffering effects of social support and compared contributions of support provided by parents, school, and peers. Data indicated that discrimination was associated with lower academic

David S. DeGarmo; Charles R. Martinez Jr

2006-01-01

273

A measure of Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online Social Networks (OSN) command a user base of about half a billion users on the Internet. Although the traffic contribution in bytes by OSNs is significantly less than earlier applications responsible for dramatic increase on the Internet (such as peer-to-peer networks), OSNs have already had a profound impact on the Internet. The organic growth in the sheer volume of

Balachander Krishnamurthy

2009-01-01

274

Identifying user behavior in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networks pose an interesting problem: how to best characterize the different classes of user behavior. Traditionally, user behavior characterization methods, based on user individual features, are not appropriate for online networking sites. In these environments, users interact with the site and with other users through a series of multiple interfaces that let them to upload and view content,

Marcelo Maia; Jussara Almeida; Virgílio Almeida

2008-01-01

275

Tractable Analysis for Large Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social scientists usually are more interested in consumers' dichotomous choice, such as purchase a product or not, adopt a technology or not, etc. However, up to date, there is nearly no model can help us solve the problem of multi-network effects comparison with a dichotomous dependent variable. Furthermore, the study of multi-network

Zhang, Bin

2012-01-01

276

Chapter 10 Mining Social-Network  

E-print Network

such networks. An important question about a social network is how to identify "communities," that is, subsets of the techniques used to identify communities are similar to the clustering algorithms we discussed in Chapter 7 overlap. For example, you may belong to several communities of friends or classmates. The people from one

Ullman, Jeffrey D.

277

Social Network Supported Process Recommender System  

PubMed Central

Process recommendation technologies have gained more and more attention in the field of intelligent business process modeling to assist the process modeling. However, most of the existing technologies only use the process structure analysis and do not take the social features of processes into account, while the process modeling is complex and comprehensive in most situations. This paper studies the feasibility of social network research technologies on process recommendation and builds a social network system of processes based on the features similarities. Then, three process matching degree measurements are presented and the system implementation is discussed subsequently. Finally, experimental evaluations and future works are introduced. PMID:24672309

Ye, Yanming; Yin, Jianwei; Xu, Yueshen

2014-01-01

278

Social network supported process recommender system.  

PubMed

Process recommendation technologies have gained more and more attention in the field of intelligent business process modeling to assist the process modeling. However, most of the existing technologies only use the process structure analysis and do not take the social features of processes into account, while the process modeling is complex and comprehensive in most situations. This paper studies the feasibility of social network research technologies on process recommendation and builds a social network system of processes based on the features similarities. Then, three process matching degree measurements are presented and the system implementation is discussed subsequently. Finally, experimental evaluations and future works are introduced. PMID:24672309

Ye, Yanming; Yin, Jianwei; Xu, Yueshen

2014-01-01

279

Predicting Influential Users in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Who are the influential people in an online social network? The answer to\\u000athis question depends not only on the structure of the network, but also on\\u000adetails of the dynamic processes occurring on it. We classify these processes\\u000aas conservative and non-conservative. A random walk on a network is an example\\u000aof a conservative dynamic process, while information spread

Rumi Ghosh; Kristina Lerman

2010-01-01

280

Visual Matrix Clustering of Social Networks  

SciTech Connect

The prevailing choices to graphically represent a social network in today’s literature are a node-link graph layout and an adjacency matrix. Both visualization techniques have unique strengths and weaknesses when applied to different domain applications. In this article, we focus our discussion on adjacency matrix and how to turn the matrix-based visualization technique from merely showing pairwise associations among network actors (or graph nodes) to depicting clusters of a social network. We also use node-link layouts to supplement the discussion.

Wong, Pak C.; Mackey, Patrick S.; Foote, Harlan P.; May, Richard A.

2013-07-01

281

Social Networking Sites and Our Lives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report from the Pew Internet & American Life Project takes a critical look into the social impact of widespread use of social networking sites like Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace, and Twitter. Written by Keith Hampton, Lauren Sessions Goulet, Lee Rainie, and Kristen Purcell, this 85-page report was published in June 2011. Visitors can download the report or read it online; the materials here also include the survey questions, along with information about the authors' methodology. The report is divided into five parts, including an introduction and a chapter titled "Who are social networking site users?" There are a number of interesting findings here, including the observation that the number of people using social networking sites has nearly doubled since 2008 and their population has gotten significantly older during that time. The report is well written and full of insights that will be of use to media specialists, sociologists, and those with an interest in how technology affects human interaction.

Hampton, Keith

282

Developmental stress predicts social network position.  

PubMed

The quantity and quality of social relationships, as captured by social network analysis, can have major fitness consequences. Various studies have shown that individual differences in social behaviour can be due to variation in exposure to developmental stress. However, whether these developmental differences translate to consistent differences in social network position is not known. We experimentally increased levels of the avian stress hormone corticosterone (CORT) in nestling zebra finches in a fully balanced design. Upon reaching nutritional independence, we released chicks and their families into two free-flying rooms, where we measured daily social networks over five weeks using passive integrated transponder tags. Developmental stress had a significant effect on social behaviour: despite having similar foraging patterns, CORT chicks had weaker associations to their parents than control chicks. Instead, CORT chicks foraged with a greater number of flock mates and were less choosy with whom they foraged, resulting in more central network positions. These findings highlight the importance of taking developmental history into account to understand the drivers of social organization in gregarious species. PMID:25354917

Boogert, Neeltje J; Farine, Damien R; Spencer, Karen A

2014-10-01

283

Online social networking: a primer for radiology.  

PubMed

Online social networking is an immature, but rapidly evolving industry of web-based technologies that allow individuals to develop online relationships. News stories populate the headlines about various websites which can facilitate patient and doctor interaction. There remain questions about protecting patient confidentiality and defining etiquette in order to preserve the doctor/patient relationship and protect physicians. How much social networking-based communication or other forms of E-communication is effective? What are the potential benefits and pitfalls of this form of communication? Physicians are exploring how social networking might provide a forum for interacting with their patients, and advance collaborative patient care. Several organizations and institutions have set forth policies to address these questions and more. Though still in its infancy, this form of media has the power to revolutionize the way physicians interact with their patients and fellow health care workers. In the end, physicians must ask what value is added by engaging patients or other health care providers in a social networking format. Social networks may flourish in health care as a means of distributing information to patients or serve mainly as support groups among patients. Physicians must tread a narrow path to bring value to interactions in these networks while limiting their exposure to unwanted liability. PMID:21360214

Prasanna, Prasanth M; Seagull, F Jacob; Nagy, Paul

2011-10-01

284

The Application of Social Network Analysis to Team Sports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews how current social network analysis might be used to investigate individual and group behavior in sporting teams. Social network analysis methods permit researchers to explore social relations between team members and their individual-level qualities simultaneously. As such, social network analysis can be seen as augmenting…

Lusher, Dean; Robins, Garry; Kremer, Peter

2010-01-01

285

Health and the Structure of Adolescent Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has explored the role of social networks in promoting health through the provision of social support. However, little work has examined how social networks themselves may be structured by health. This article investigates the link between individuals' health and the characteristics of their social network positions.We first develop…

Haas, Steven A.; Schaefer, David R.; Kornienko, Olga

2010-01-01

286

The impact of social networking on Emirati teenagers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Networking is a very popular term which refers to online services or websites that focus on building social networks among people who like sharing common interests and activities. It allows people to socialise and network with others in an online environment. This research paper aims to study the positive and the negative impact of Social Networking on Emirati teenagers.

Ayesha Buti; Seama Saleh; Sara Hussain; Amala Rajan

2011-01-01

287

The Spread of Behavior in an Online Social Network Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do social networks affect the spread of behavior? A popular hypothesis states that networks with many clustered ties and a high degree of separation will be less effective for behavioral diffusion than networks in which locally redundant ties are rewired to provide shortcuts across the social space. A competing hypothesis argues that when behaviors require social reinforcement, a network

Damon Centola

2010-01-01

288

Social networking has completely transformed social life in the online world. It has become  

E-print Network

of malware infections. SOCIAL NETWORKS AND INFECTION MODEL With the growth of new technology trends changed with the social networking revolution. The process of developing social relationships among. Social networking poses an extensive threat because it is a technology-dependent culture. In general

Enbody, Richard

289

Social Networks and Social Support: Implications for Natural Helper and Community Level Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The convincing evidence of the relationship between social support, social networks, and health status has influenced the development of program strategies which are relevant to health education. This article focuses on the linkage between social support and social networks and health education programs which involve interventions at the network and community level. Two broad strategies are addressed: programs enhancing entire

Barbara A. Israel

1985-01-01

290

Systems Approach to Studying Animal Sociality: Individual Position versus Group Organization in Dynamic Social Network Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks can be used to represent group structure as a network of interacting components, and also to quantify both the position of each individual and the global properties of a group. In a series of simulation experiments based on dynamic social networks, we test the prediction that social behaviors that help individuals reach prominence within their social group may

Karlo Hock; Kah Loon Ng; Nina H. Fefferman; Alison P. Galvani

2010-01-01

291

The Influence of iPad Technology on the Academic and Social Experiences of Veteran and Military Students: Academic Preparation, Collaboration Socialization, and Information Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the recent changes to the Post 9/11 GI Bill, it is anticipated that the number of military personnel and U.S. veteran students enrolled in college will double to nearly two million by 2015. As non-traditional students, military and veteran college students also have unique social and academic experiences and needs which have been identified…

Compomizzi, Joseph

2013-01-01

292

Massive Social Network Analysis: Mining Twitter for Social Good  

SciTech Connect

Social networks produce an enormous quantity of data. Facebook consists of over 400 million active users sharing over 5 billion pieces of information each month. Analyzing this vast quantity of unstructured data presents challenges for software and hardware. We present GraphCT, a Graph Characterization Tooklit for massive graphs representing social network data. On a 128-processor Cray XMT, GraphCT estimates the betweenness centrality of an artificially generated (R-MAT) 537 million vertex, 8.6 billion edge graph in 55 minutes. We use GraphCT to analyze public data from Twitter, a microblogging network. Twitter's message connections appear primarily tree-structured as a news dissemination system. Within the public data, however, are clusters of conversations. Using GraphCT, we can rank actors within these conversations and help analysts focus attention on a much smaller data subset.

Ediger, David; Jiang, Karl; Riedy, Edward J.; Bader, David A.; Corley, Courtney D.; Farber, Robert M.; Reynolds, William

2010-10-11

293

Self-concept in adolescence: a longitudinal study on reciprocal effects of self-perceptions in academic and social domains.  

PubMed

Fostering social and academic self-concepts are central educational goals. During mid-adolescence academic engagement and success seem to be devalued by peers and to be negatively associated with students' social standing. For this age group, is the development of a positive academic self-concept compatible with the development of a positive social self-concept? We investigated relations among academic self-concept, social self-concept, and academic achievement. 1282 students (47.60% female) participated in three-waves of measurement in Grade 5, 6, and 8. Earlier social self-concept of acceptance negatively predicted changes in academic self-concept over time while earlier social self-concept of assertion positively predicted changes in academic self-concept. There were no significant relations between social self-concepts and achievement but positive reciprocal relations between academic self-concept and achievement. Results indicate that fostering adolescents self-concept in social and academic domains are compatible goals. However, some students need support in managing the challenge to coordinate social and academic goals. PMID:24215963

Preckel, Franzis; Niepel, Christoph; Schneider, Marian; Brunner, Martin

2013-12-01

294

The Role of Social Relationships in the Association between Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms and Academic Achievement  

PubMed Central

While research has established that depression interferes with academic achievement, less is understood about the processes by which social relationships may buffer the relationship between depression and academic outcomes. In this study we examined the role of positive relationships in the school, family and peer contexts in the association between depressive symptoms and academic achievement among 894 adolescents aged 12-17 years living in Santiago, Chile. Depressive symptoms were associated with lower levels of academic achievement; parental monitoring, school belonging, positive mother relationships, and having academically inclined peers moderated this relationship, though some interactions differed by sex and age. Implications for promoting the academic success of adolescents experiencing depressive symptoms are discussed. PMID:23667282

Maurizi, Laura K.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Granillo, M. Teresa; Delva, Jorge

2013-01-01

295

The Role of Social Relationships in the Association between Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms and Academic Achievement.  

PubMed

While research has established that depression interferes with academic achievement, less is understood about the processes by which social relationships may buffer the relationship between depression and academic outcomes. In this study we examined the role of positive relationships in the school, family and peer contexts in the association between depressive symptoms and academic achievement among 894 adolescents aged 12-17 years living in Santiago, Chile. Depressive symptoms were associated with lower levels of academic achievement; parental monitoring, school belonging, positive mother relationships, and having academically inclined peers moderated this relationship, though some interactions differed by sex and age. Implications for promoting the academic success of adolescents experiencing depressive symptoms are discussed. PMID:23667282

Maurizi, Laura K; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Granillo, M Teresa; Delva, Jorge

2013-04-01

296

Social-Demographic, School, Neighborhood, and Parenting Influences on the Academic Achievement of Latino Young Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a national sample of 388 Latino young adolescents, this study identified the social-demographic characteristics, influences in the broader social environment, and parenting practices that predict youth academic achievement. Youths who were Mexican American, older, and had an English language problem had lower levels of reading and mathematics achievement. Youths of mothers who began childbearing at older ages,

Mary Keegan Eamon

2005-01-01

297

Longitudinal Associations between Depressive Problems, Academic Performance, and Social Functioning in Adolescent Boys and Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Depressive problems and academic performance, social well-being, and social problems in adolescents are strongly associated. However, longitudinal and bidirectional relations between the two remain unclear, as well as the role of gender. Consequently, this study focuses on the relation between depressive problems and three types of functioning in…

Verboom, Charlotte E.; Sijtsema, Jelle J.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; Ormel, Johan

2014-01-01

298

Popularity, Social Acceptance, and Aggression in Adolescent Peer Groups: Links with Academic Performance and School Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a short-term longitudinal study focusing on popularity and social acceptance as predictors of academic engagement for a sample of 342 adolescents (approximate average age of 14). These youths were followed for 4 consecutive semesters. Popularity, social acceptance, and aggression were assessed with a peer nomination …

Schwartz, David; Gorman, Andrea Hopmeyer; Nakamoto, Jonathan; McKay, Tara

2006-01-01

299

Social Support as a Buffer in the Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was an investigation of the potential moderating effect of social support on academic performance for students living in poverty. Data were collected in one urban middle school from 164 primarily Hispanic students using the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale (CASSS; Malecki, Demaray, & Elliott, 2000) and students' course…

Malecki, Christine Kerres; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick

2006-01-01

300

Studying for the Sake of Others: The Role of Social Goals on Academic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the research on achievement goal theory has focused on the roles of mastery and performance goals in academic engagement, thus the role of other goals such as social goals has mostly been neglected. The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of different kinds of social goals (affiliation, approval, concern, responsibility and…

King, Ronnel Bornasal; McInerney, Dennis M.; Watkins, David A.

2012-01-01

301

Academic Affiliations of Social Work Journal Article Authors, 2004-2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researchers tabulated the academic affiliations of the authors of all articles published between 2004 and 2008 in 6 major social work journals to produce a ranking of the colleges and universities whose faculty made the most substantive contributions to the social work literature. The results of this analysis are compared with findings of 5…

Ligon, Jan; Cobb, Alicia; Thyer, Bruce

2012-01-01

302

Socially Oriented Student Entrepreneurship: A Study of Student Change Agency in the Academic Capitalism Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents two clarifying cases of socially oriented student entrepreneurship. The findings illuminate an overlooked organizational space located at the intersection of the public good and academic capitalist knowledge/learning regimes (Slaughter & Rhoades, 2004) that provides students with the entrepreneurial agency to create social

Mars, Matthew M.; Rhoades, Gary

2012-01-01

303

African American Faculty Perceptions of the Academic Culture and Their Professional Socialization. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the perceptions of African American faculty on their socialization to the academic professional culture, and is based on the premise that the process of such socialization is circumscribed by the organizational culture. Taking a qualitative research approach, the study used a three-part interview process. The focus of the first…

Hendricks, Avila D.; Caplow, Julie A.

304

Imparting Social Capital to Educationally Disadvantaged Students: A Study of the Early Academic Outreach Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the process of an academic preparation program, also known as an outreach program, imparting social capital to educationally disadvantaged students. The particular form of social capital to be examined will be the college knowledge needed to successfully prepare for college admission. The theoretical…

Jackson, Nicole Korgie

2010-01-01

305

A Social Support Intervention and Academic Achievement in College: Does Perceived Loneliness Mediate the Relationship?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined whether a social support intervention reduced loneliness and increased academic achievement among college freshmen. Eighty-eight 1st-year students randomly assigned to a social support group program reported less loneliness in the spring of their freshman year and obtained higher grade point averages in the fall of their…

Mattanah, Jonathan F.; Brooks, Leonie J.; Brand, Bethany L.; Quimby, Julie L.; Ayers, Jean F.

2012-01-01

306

Interrupted Trajectories: The Impact of Academic Failure on the Social Mobility of Working-Class Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education (HE) is often viewed as a conduit for social mobility through which working-class students can secure improved life-chances. However, the link between HE and social mobility is largely viewed as unproblematic. Little research has explored the possible impact of academic failure (in HE) on the trajectories of working-class students…

Byrom, Tina; Lightfoot, Nic

2013-01-01

307

Socially Oriented Motivational Goals and Academic Achievement: Similarities between Native and Anglo Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the relations between two socially oriented dimensions of student motivation and academic achievement of Native (Navajo) American and Anglo American students. Using confirmatory factor analysis, a multidimensional and hierarchical model was found to explain the relations between performance and social goals. Four first-order…

Ali, Jinnat; McInerney, Dennis M.; Craven, Rhonda G.; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; King, Ronnel B.

2014-01-01

308

Social Experiences in Kindergarten and Academic Achievement in Grade 1: A Monozygotic Twin Difference Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine how different types of social experiences in kindergarten relate to Grade 1 academic achievement, while controlling for possible genetic and shared environmental influences through the use of the monozygotic (MZ) twin difference method. Social experiences in kindergarten included relationship quality with the…

Vitaro, Frank; Boivin, Michel; Brendgen, Mara; Girard, Alain; Dionne, Ginette

2012-01-01

309

Persistent ISR: the social network analysis connection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Persistent surveillance provides decision makers with unprecedented access to multisource data collected from humans and sensor assets around the globe, yet these data exist in the physical world and provide few overt clues to meaning behind actions. In this paper we explore the recent growth in online social networking and ask the questions: 1) can these sites provide value-added information to compliment physical sensing and 2) what are the mechanisms by which these data could inform situational awareness and decision making? In seeking these answers we consider the range of options provided by Social Network Analysis (SNA), and focus especially on the dynamic nature of these networks. In our discussion we focus on the wave of reform experienced by the North African nations in early 2011 known as the Arab Spring. Demonstrators made widespread use of social networking applications to coordinate, document, and publish material to aid their cause. Unlike members of covert social networks who hide their activity and associations, these demonstrators openly posted multimedia information to coordinate activity and stimulate global support. In this paper we provide a review of SNA approaches and consider how one might track network adaptations by capturing temporal and conceptual trends. We identify opportunities and challenges for merging SNA with physical sensor output, and conclude by addressing future challenges in the persistent ISR domain with respect to SNA.

Bowman, Elizabeth K.

2012-06-01

310

Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale  

PubMed Central

The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one person’s attitudes and behaviors affect another’s) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the “who” and the “how” of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

Contractor, Noshir S.; DeChurch, Leslie A.

2014-01-01

311

Social network predictors of latrine ownership.  

PubMed

Poor sanitation, including the lack of clean functioning toilets, is a major factor contributing to morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases in the developing world. We examine correlates of latrine ownership in rural India with a focus on social network predictors. Participants from 75 villages provided the names of their social contacts as well as their own relevant demographic and household characteristics. Using these measures, we test whether the latrine ownership of an individual's social contacts is a significant predictor of individual latrine ownership. We also investigate whether network centrality significantly predicts latrine ownership, and if so, whether it moderates the relationship between the latrine ownership of the individual and that of her social contacts. Our results show that, controlling for the standard predictors of latrine ownership such as caste, education, and income, individuals are more likely to own latrines if their social contacts own latrines. Interaction models suggest that this relationship is stronger among those of the same caste, the same education, and those with stronger social ties. We also find that more central individuals are more likely to own latrines, but the correlation in latrine ownership between social contacts is strongest among individuals on the periphery of the network. Although more data is needed to determine how much the clustering of latrine ownership may be caused by social influence, the results here suggest that interventions designed to promote latrine ownership should consider focusing on those at the periphery of the network. The reason is that they are 1) less likely to own latrines and 2) more likely to exhibit the same behavior as their social contacts, possibly as a result of the spread of latrine adoption from one person to another. PMID:24726688

Shakya, Holly B; Christakis, Nicholas A; Fowler, James H

2015-01-01

312

Problematic use of social networking sites among urban school going teenagers  

PubMed Central

Background: Social networking sites like Facebook, Orkut and Twitter are virtual communities where users can create individual public profiles, interact with real-life friends and meet other people based on shared interests. An exponential rise in usage of Social Networking Sites have been seen within the last few years. Their ease of use and immediate gratification effect on users has changed the way people in general and students in particular spend their time. Young adults, particularly teenagers tended to be unaware of just how much time they really spent on social networking sites. Negative correlates of Social Networking Sites usage include the decrease in real life social community participation and academic achievement, as well as relationship problems, each of which may be indicative of potential addiction. Aims: the aim of the study was to find out whether teenagers, specially those living in cities spend too much time on social networking websites. Materials and Methods: 200 subjects, both boys and girls were included in the cross sectional study who were given a 20 item Young's internet addiction test modified for social networking sites. The responses were analyzed using chi square test and Fisher's exact test. Results: 24.74% of the students were having occasional or ‘frequency’ problems while 2.02% of them were experiencing severe problems due to excessive time spent using social networking sites. Conclusion: With the ever increasing popularity of social media, teenagers are devoting significant time to social networking on websites and are prone to get ‘addicted’ to such form of online social interaction. PMID:24250039

Meena, Parth Singh; Mittal, Pankaj Kumar; Solanki, Ram Kumar

2012-01-01

313

Online and Offline Social Networks: Use of Social Networking Sites by Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking sites (e.g., MySpace and Facebook) are popular online communication forms among adolescents and emerging adults. Yet little is known about young people's activities on these sites and how their networks of "friends" relate to their other online (e.g., instant messaging) and offline networks. In this study, college students…

Subrahmanyam, Kaveri; Reich, Stephanie M.; Waechter, Natalia; Espinoza, Guadalupe

2008-01-01

314

Social contagion theory: examining dynamic social networks and human behavior  

PubMed Central

Here, we review the research we have conducted on social contagion. We describe the methods we have employed (and the assumptions they have entailed) to examine several datasets with complementary strengths and weaknesses, including the Framingham Heart Study, the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, and other observational and experimental datasets that we and others have collected. We describe the regularities that led us to propose that human social networks may exhibit a ‘three degrees of influence’ property, and we review statistical approaches we have used to characterize interpersonal influence with respect to phenomena as diverse as obesity, smoking, cooperation, and happiness. We do not claim that this work is the final word, but we do believe that it provides some novel, informative, and stimulating evidence regarding social contagion in longitudinally followed networks. Along with other scholars, we are working to develop new methods for identifying causal effects using social network data, and we believe that this area is ripe for statistical development as current methods have known and often unavoidable limitations. PMID:22711416

Christakis, Nicholas A.; Fowler, James H.

2013-01-01

315

Origin of Peer Influence in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks pervade our everyday lives: we interact, influence, and are influenced by our friends and acquaintances. With the advent of the World Wide Web, large amounts of data on social networks have become available, allowing the quantitative analysis of the distribution of information on them, including behavioral traits and fads. Recent studies of correlations among members of a social network, who exhibit the same trait, have shown that individuals influence not only their direct contacts but also friends' friends, up to a network distance extending beyond their closest peers. Here, we show how such patterns of correlations between peers emerge in networked populations. We use standard models (yet reflecting intrinsically different mechanisms) of information spreading to argue that empirically observed patterns of correlation among peers emerge naturally from a wide range of dynamics, being essentially independent of the type of information, on how it spreads, and even on the class of underlying network that interconnects individuals. Finally, we show that the sparser and clustered the network, the more far reaching the influence of each individual will be.

Pinheiro, Flávio L.; Santos, Marta D.; Santos, Francisco C.; Pacheco, Jorge M.

2014-03-01

316

Group colocation behavior in technological social networks.  

PubMed

We analyze two large datasets from technological networks with location and social data: user location records from an online location-based social networking service, and anonymized telecommunications data from a European cellphone operator, in order to investigate the differences between individual and group behavior with respect to physical location. We discover agreements between the two datasets: firstly, that individuals are more likely to meet with one friend at a place they have not visited before, but tend to meet at familiar locations when with a larger group. We also find that groups of individuals are more likely to meet at places that their other friends have visited, and that the type of a place strongly affects the propensity for groups to meet there. These differences between group and solo mobility has potential technological applications, for example, in venue recommendation in location-based social networks. PMID:25148037

Brown, Chloë; Lathia, Neal; Mascolo, Cecilia; Noulas, Anastasios; Blondel, Vincent

2014-01-01

317

Online social networking and mental health.  

PubMed

During the past decade, online social networking has caused profound changes in the way people communicate and interact. It is unclear, however, whether some of these changes may affect certain normal aspects of human behavior and cause psychiatric disorders. Several studies have indicated that the prolonged use of social networking sites (SNS), such as Facebook, may be related to signs and symptoms of depression. In addition, some authors have indicated that certain SNS activities might be associated with low self-esteem, especially in children and adolescents. Other studies have presented opposite results in terms of positive impact of social networking on self-esteem. The relationship between SNS use and mental problems to this day remains controversial, and research on this issue is faced with numerous challenges. This concise review focuses on the recent findings regarding the suggested connection between SNS and mental health issues such as depressive symptoms, changes in self-esteem, and Internet addiction. PMID:25192305

Pantic, Igor

2014-10-01

318

Strategic Random Networks: Why Social Networking Technology Matters  

E-print Network

This paper develops strategic foundations for an important statistical model of random networks with heterogeneous expected degrees. Based on this, we show how social networking services that subtly alter the costs and indirect benefits of relationships can cause large changes in behavior and welfare. In the model, agents who value friends and friends of friends choose how much to socialize, which increases the probabilities of links but is costly. There is a sharp transition from fragmented, sparse equilibrium networks to connected, dense ones when the value of friends of friends crosses a cost-dependent threshold. This transition mitigates an extreme inefficiency.

Golub, Benjamin

2010-01-01

319

Social Trust Prediction Using Heterogeneous Networks  

PubMed Central

Along with increasing popularity of social websites, online users rely more on the trustworthiness information to make decisions, extract and filter information, and tag and build connections with other users. However, such social network data often suffer from severe data sparsity and are not able to provide users with enough information. Therefore, trust prediction has emerged as an important topic in social network research. Traditional approaches are primarily based on exploring trust graph topology itself. However, research in sociology and our life experience suggest that people who are in the same social circle often exhibit similar behaviors and tastes. To take advantage of the ancillary information for trust prediction, the challenge then becomes what to transfer and how to transfer. In this article, we address this problem by aggregating heterogeneous social networks and propose a novel joint social networks mining (JSNM) method. Our new joint learning model explores the user-group-level similarity between correlated graphs and simultaneously learns the individual graph structure; therefore, the shared structures and patterns from multiple social networks can be utilized to enhance the prediction tasks. As a result, we not only improve the trust prediction in the target graph but also facilitate other information retrieval tasks in the auxiliary graphs. To optimize the proposed objective function, we use the alternative technique to break down the objective function into several manageable subproblems. We further introduce the auxiliary function to solve the optimization problems with rigorously proved convergence. The extensive experiments have been conducted on both synthetic and real- world data. All empirical results demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. PMID:24729776

HUANG, JIN; NIE, FEIPING; HUANG, HENG; TU, YI-CHENG; LEI, YU

2014-01-01

320

Social Trust Prediction Using Heterogeneous Networks.  

PubMed

Along with increasing popularity of social websites, online users rely more on the trustworthiness information to make decisions, extract and filter information, and tag and build connections with other users. However, such social network data often suffer from severe data sparsity and are not able to provide users with enough information. Therefore, trust prediction has emerged as an important topic in social network research. Traditional approaches are primarily based on exploring trust graph topology itself. However, research in sociology and our life experience suggest that people who are in the same social circle often exhibit similar behaviors and tastes. To take advantage of the ancillary information for trust prediction, the challenge then becomes what to transfer and how to transfer. In this article, we address this problem by aggregating heterogeneous social networks and propose a novel joint social networks mining (JSNM) method. Our new joint learning model explores the user-group-level similarity between correlated graphs and simultaneously learns the individual graph structure; therefore, the shared structures and patterns from multiple social networks can be utilized to enhance the prediction tasks. As a result, we not only improve the trust prediction in the target graph but also facilitate other information retrieval tasks in the auxiliary graphs. To optimize the proposed objective function, we use the alternative technique to break down the objective function into several manageable subproblems. We further introduce the auxiliary function to solve the optimization problems with rigorously proved convergence. The extensive experiments have been conducted on both synthetic and real- world data. All empirical results demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. PMID:24729776

Huang, Jin; Nie, Feiping; Huang, Heng; Tu, Yi-Cheng; Lei, Yu

2013-11-01

321

Sharing location in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networks (OSNs) have become important media for information sharing among Internet users. In particular, several OSNs provide mechanisms to facilitate sharing of the users' location, which is gaining increased popularity due to the growth of GPS-equipped smartphones. These location-based OSNs (LSNs) bridge users' physical and social worlds, allowing users to know where their friends are and enabling location-based

Nan Li; Guanling Chen

2010-01-01

322

Online social networking and addiction--a review of the psychological literature.  

PubMed

Social Networking Sites (SNSs) are virtual communities where users can create individual public profiles, interact with real-life friends, and meet other people based on shared interests. They are seen as a 'global consumer phenomenon' with an exponential rise in usage within the last few years. Anecdotal case study evidence suggests that 'addiction' to social networks on the Internet may be a potential mental health problem for some users. However, the contemporary scientific literature addressing the addictive qualities of social networks on the Internet is scarce. Therefore, this literature review is intended to provide empirical and conceptual insight into the emerging phenomenon of addiction to SNSs by: (1) outlining SNS usage patterns, (2) examining motivations for SNS usage, (3) examining personalities of SNS users, (4) examining negative consequences of SNS usage, (5) exploring potential SNS addiction, and (6) exploring SNS addiction specificity and comorbidity. The findings indicate that SNSs are predominantly used for social purposes, mostly related to the maintenance of established offline networks. Moreover, extraverts appear to use social networking sites for social enhancement, whereas introverts use it for social compensation, each of which appears to be related to greater usage, as does low conscientiousness and high narcissism. Negative correlates of SNS usage include the decrease in real life social community participation and academic achievement, as well as relationship problems, each of which may be indicative of potential addiction. PMID:22016701

Kuss, Daria J; Griffiths, Mark D

2011-09-01

323

Online Social Networking and Addiction—A Review of the Psychological Literature  

PubMed Central

Social Networking Sites (SNSs) are virtual communities where users can create individual public profiles, interact with real-life friends, and meet other people based on shared interests. They are seen as a ‘global consumer phenomenon’ with an exponential rise in usage within the last few years. Anecdotal case study evidence suggests that ‘addiction’ to social networks on the Internet may be a potential mental health problem for some users. However, the contemporary scientific literature addressing the addictive qualities of social networks on the Internet is scarce. Therefore, this literature review is intended to provide empirical and conceptual insight into the emerging phenomenon of addiction to SNSs by: (1) outlining SNS usage patterns, (2) examining motivations for SNS usage, (3) examining personalities of SNS users, (4) examining negative consequences of SNS usage, (5) exploring potential SNS addiction, and (6) exploring SNS addiction specificity and comorbidity. The findings indicate that SNSs are predominantly used for social purposes, mostly related to the maintenance of established offline networks. Moreover, extraverts appear to use social networking sites for social enhancement, whereas introverts use it for social compensation, each of which appears to be related to greater usage, as does low conscientiousness and high narcissism. Negative correlates of SNS usage include the decrease in real life social community participation and academic achievement, as well as relationship problems, each of which may be indicative of potential addiction. PMID:22016701

Kuss, Daria J.; Griffiths, Mark D.

2011-01-01

324

Detecting Emotional Contagion in Massive Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Happiness and other emotions spread between people in direct contact, but it is unclear whether massive online social networks also contribute to this spread. Here, we elaborate a novel method for measuring the contagion of emotional expression. With data from millions of Facebook users, we show that rainfall directly influences the emotional content of their status messages, and it also affects the status messages of friends in other cities who are not experiencing rainfall. For every one person affected directly, rainfall alters the emotional expression of about one to two other people, suggesting that online social networks may magnify the intensity of global emotional synchrony. PMID:24621792

Coviello, Lorenzo; Sohn, Yunkyu; Kramer, Adam D. I.; Marlow, Cameron; Franceschetti, Massimo; Christakis, Nicholas A.; Fowler, James H.

2014-01-01

325

Visualization of Social Networks with Node Graphs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces the concept of node graphs for the purpose of visualizing social networks. The lesson is presented with an introductory physical activity where students create a living graph. Students, building on their existing knowledge regarding common graph types, learn how node graphs can be used to visualize data from social networks. Students will participate in a simulated contagious infection event and will accurately record data about the transmission of the disease. These data will be used to construct a single computer file to be used to create a single node graph for describing the network. Students will then be responsible for understanding how to interpret the resulting network graph in the context of the activity.

Adam Santone

2012-02-13

326

Spatial Epidemic Modelling in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spread of infectious diseases is highly influenced by the structure of the underlying social network. The target of this study is not the network of acquaintances, but the social mobility network: the daily movement of people between locations, in regions. It was already shown that this kind of network exhibits small world characteristics. The model developed is agent based (ABM) and comprehends a movement model and a infection model. In the movement model, some assumptions are made about its structure and the daily movement is decomposed into four types: neighborhood, intra region, inter region and random. The model is Geographical Information Systems (GIS) based, and uses real data to define its geometry. Because it is a vector model, some optimization techniques were used to increase its efficiency.

Simoes, Joana Margarida

2005-06-01

327

Burstiness and aging in social temporal networks.  

PubMed

The presence of burstiness in temporal social networks, revealed by a power-law form of the waiting time distribution of consecutive interactions, is expected to produce aging effects in the corresponding time-integrated network. Here, we propose an analytically tractable model, in which interactions among the agents are ruled by a renewal process, that is able to reproduce this aging behavior. We develop an analytic solution for the topological properties of the integrated network produced by the model, finding that the time translation invariance of the degree distribution is broken. We validate our predictions against numerical simulations, and we check for the presence of aging effects in a empirical temporal network, ruled by bursty social interactions. PMID:25815972

Moinet, Antoine; Starnini, Michele; Pastor-Satorras, Romualdo

2015-03-13

328

Burstiness and Aging in Social Temporal Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The presence of burstiness in temporal social networks, revealed by a power-law form of the waiting time distribution of consecutive interactions, is expected to produce aging effects in the corresponding time-integrated network. Here, we propose an analytically tractable model, in which interactions among the agents are ruled by a renewal process, that is able to reproduce this aging behavior. We develop an analytic solution for the topological properties of the integrated network produced by the model, finding that the time translation invariance of the degree distribution is broken. We validate our predictions against numerical simulations, and we check for the presence of aging effects in a empirical temporal network, ruled by bursty social interactions.

Moinet, Antoine; Starnini, Michele; Pastor-Satorras, Romualdo

2015-03-01

329

MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD ESTIMATION FOR SOCIAL NETWORK DYNAMICS  

PubMed Central

A model for network panel data is discussed, based on the assumption that the observed data are discrete observations of a continuous-time Markov process on the space of all directed graphs on a given node set, in which changes in tie variables are independent conditional on the current graph. The model for tie changes is parametric and designed for applications to social network analysis, where the network dynamics can be interpreted as being generated by choices made by the social actors represented by the nodes of the graph. An algorithm for calculating the Maximum Likelihood estimator is presented, based on data augmentation and stochastic approximation. An application to an evolving friendship network is given and a small simulation study is presented which suggests that for small data sets the Maximum Likelihood estimator is more efficient than the earlier proposed Method of Moments estimator. PMID:25419259

Snijders, Tom A.B.; Koskinen, Johan; Schweinberger, Michael

2014-01-01

330

Access, engagement, networks, and norms: Dimensions of social capital at work in a first grade classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social capital refers to access and use of resources available through one's networks to solve problems, and the norms that reflect inclusive or exclusive access to those networks and resources. Research has found positive relationships between social capital, academic achievement, and attainment. Studies, however, have generally examined social capital through factors that occur outside the classroom; students who have social capital, acquired through their family and community relationships, seem to be more successful academically. Limited research has explored what if any factors within the classroom might impact the production, and nature of social capital, or its workings in a classroom. The purpose of this study was to explore the workings and nature of classroom social capital, including its possible relationships to engagement and cognition among 5 student participants. Using methods of qualitative data collection, mixed methods were used to analyze information resources, participants' networking, student work, and classroom discourse. Eight interdependent networking factors and 3 overarching patterns of norms were discovered. The networking factors reflected the structure, content, processes, purposes, and acceptability of participants' networking. The norms, also working interdependently, appeared to promote or inhibit among other things, engagement in networking, help seeking, access, sharing, and intertextual use of diverse, often complex sources of information. Through interaction of the 8 factors and 3 overarching norms, ongoing outcomes of networking appeared to include the creation of bridging (inclusive) and bonding (exclusive) forms of social capital, and depth of scientific conceptual understanding, in this case, about birds. Bridging social capital appeared related to willingness to engage in strong and weak tie networking, help seeking, intertextuality, and possibly to mastery goal orientation for all participants, regardless of reading level. Expository sources more so than narrative texts generated intertextually dense, social and cognitive networks, often between members with weak ties. Together the networking factors and norms shed light on the way discourse, resources, and practice might impact social capital, suggesting that forms of social capital may be produced, accumulated, and depleted by factors and norms that are open to variation and occur within the classroom.

Wexler-Robock, Stephanie

331

Discrete Opinion Dynamics on Online Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on the dynamics of binary opinions {+1, -1} on online social networks consisting of heterogeneous actors. In our model, actors update their opinions under the interplay of social influence and self- affirmation, which leads to rich dynamical behaviors on online social networks. We find that the opinion leading to the consensus features an advantage of the initially weighted fraction based on actors' strength over the other, instead of the population. For the role of specific actors, the consensus converges towards the opinion that a small fraction of high-strength actors hold, and individual diversity of self-affirmation slows down the ordering process of consensus. These indicate that high-strength actors play an essential role in opinion formation with strong social influence as well as high persistence. Further investigations show that the initial fraction of high-strength actors to dominate the evolution depends on the heterogeneity of the strength distribution, and less high-strength actors are needed in the case of a smaller exponent of power-law distribution of actors' strength. Our study provides deep insights into the role of social influence and self-affirmation on opinion formation on online social networks.

Hu, Yan-Li; Bai, Liang; Zhang, Wei-Ming

2013-01-01

332

Probing next Generation Portuguese Academic Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to provide several viewpoints about monitoring aspects related to recent deployments of a new technology (IPv6). Design/methodology/approach: Several views and domains were used, with a common point: the Portuguese research and education network (RCTS). Findings: A significant amount of work is yet to be…

Friacas, Carlos; Massano, Emanuel; Domingues, Monica; Veiga, Pedro

2008-01-01

333

Googling Social Interactions: Web Search Engine Based Social Network Construction  

PubMed Central

Social network analysis has long been an untiring topic of sociology. However, until the era of information technology, the availability of data, mainly collected by the traditional method of personal survey, was highly limited and prevented large-scale analysis. Recently, the exploding amount of automatically generated data has completely changed the pattern of research. For instance, the enormous amount of data from so-called high-throughput biological experiments has introduced a systematic or network viewpoint to traditional biology. Then, is “high-throughput” sociological data generation possible? Google, which has become one of the most influential symbols of the new Internet paradigm within the last ten years, might provide torrents of data sources for such study in this (now and forthcoming) digital era. We investigate social networks between people by extracting information on the Web and introduce new tools of analysis of such networks in the context of statistical physics of complex systems or socio-physics. As a concrete and illustrative example, the members of the 109th United States Senate are analyzed and it is demonstrated that the methods of construction and analysis are applicable to various other weighted networks. PMID:20657762

Lee, Sang Hoon; Kim, Pan-Jun; Ahn, Yong-Yeol; Jeong, Hawoong

2010-01-01

334

The Embeddedness of Adolescent Friendship Nominations: The Formation of Social Capital in Emergent Network Structures  

PubMed Central

Although research on social embeddedness and social capital con-firms the value of friendship networks, little has been written about how social relations form and are structured by social institutions. Using data from the Adolescent Health and Academic Achievement study and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the authors show that the odds of a new friendship nomination were 1.77 times greater within clusters of high school students taking courses together than between them. The estimated effect cannot be attributed to exposure to peers in similar grade levels, indirect friendship links, or pair-level course overlap, and the finding is robust to alternative model specifications. The authors also show how tendencies associated with status hierarchy inhering in triadic friendship nominations are neutralized within the clusters. These results have implications for the production and distribution of social capital within social systems such as schools, giving the clusters social salience as “local positions.” PMID:25364011

Frank, Kenneth A.; Muller, Chandra; Mueller, Anna S.

2014-01-01

335

Chapter 7 Social network analysis 7.1 Introduction  

E-print Network

and contacts on the Island described the community as "tight-knit", and spoke about extensive and active social, stated or assumed network of relationships. Thus, social network studies often contradict cultural

336

Semantic social network portal for collaborative online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The motivation for this investigation is to apply social networking features to a semantic network portal, which supports the efforts in enterprise training units to up-skill the employee in the company, and facilitates the creation and reuse of knowledge in online communities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The paper provides an overview of an emerging area for work-related research in the

Ina O'Murchu; John Breslin; Stefan Decker; Deirdre Hogan

337

Toward Understanding Friendship in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

All major on-line social networks, such as MySpace, Facebook, LiveJournal,\\u000aand Orkut, are built around the concept of friendship. It is not uncommon for a\\u000asocial network participant to have over 100 friends. A natural question arises:\\u000aare they all real friends of hers, or does she mean something different when\\u000ashe calls them \\

Dmitry Zinoviev; Vy Duong

2009-01-01

338

Discovery of Information Diffusion Process in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information diffusion analysis in social networks is of significance since it enables us to deeply understand dynamic social interactions among users. In this paper, we introduce approaches to discovering information diffusion process in social networks based on process mining. Process mining techniques are applied from three perspectives: social network analysis, process discovery and community recognition. We then present experimental results by using a real-life social network data. The proposed techniques are expected to employ as new analytical tools in online social networks such as blog and wikis for company marketers, politicians, news reporters and online writers.

Kim, Kwanho; Jung, Jae-Yoon; Park, Jonghun

339

Social networks of professionals in health care organizations: a review.  

PubMed

In this article, we provide an overview of social network research in health care, with a focus on social interactions between professionals in organizations. We begin by introducing key concepts defining the social network approach, including network density, centrality, and brokerage. We then review past and current research on the antecedents of health care professionals' social networks-including demographic attributes, professional groups, and organizational arrangements-and their consequences-including satisfaction at work, leadership, behaviors, knowledge transfer, diffusion of innovation, and performance. Finally, we examine future directions for social network research in health care, focusing on micro-macro linkages and network dynamics. PMID:25380607

Tasselli, Stefano

2014-12-01

340

Social networks for lonely objects  

E-print Network

Visions of ubiquitous computing describe a network of devices that quietly supports human goals, but this may also add complexity to an already frustrating relationship between humans and their electronic objects. As we ...

Kestner, John Anthony

2010-01-01

341

Social Networking: Boundaries and Limits Part 1: Ethics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of educators, administrators, and institutions that utilize social networking has increased dramatically. Many have adopted social networking in order to be up-to-date and connected with their students' learning beyond the boundaries of the classroom. However, this increase in the use of social networking in academia presents many…

Aragon, Antonette; AlDoubi, Suzan; Kaminski, Karen; Anderson, Sharon K.; Isaacs, Nelda

2014-01-01

342

Competition for Content Spread over Multiple Social Networks  

E-print Network

social media advertisements. The proliferation of mobile Internet and smartphones have ensuredCompetition for Content Spread over Multiple Social Networks Srinivasan Venkatramanan and Anurag to their potential consumers via two different online social networks. The efficiency of a network for information

Kumar, Anurag

343

Multi-Objective Query Optimization in Smartphone Social Networks  

E-print Network

Multi-Objective Query Optimization in Smartphone Social Networks Andreas Konstantinidis, Demetrios. INTRODUCTION The widespread deployment of smartphone devices and the advent of social networks have brought, despite the controversial privacy concerns. Similarly, mobile social 1We define a Smartphone Network as "a

Zeinalipour, Demetris

344

Estimating Usage Can Reduce the Stress of Social Networking  

E-print Network

Estimating Usage Can Reduce the Stress of Social Networking Abstract Social networks are increasingly popular and provide benefits such as easy peer group communication. However, there is evidence participants with an objective measure of their social network usage and also asked them for a daily estimate

Subramanian, Sriram

345

Autotagging Facebook: Social network context improves photo annotation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most personal photos that are shared online are embedded in some form of social network, and these social networks are a potent source of contextual information that can be leveraged for automatic image understanding. In this paper, we investigate the utility of social network context for the task of automatic face recognition in personal photographs. We combine face recognition scores

Zak Stone; Todd Zickler; Trevor Darrell

2008-01-01

346

Circle-based Recommendation in Online Social Networks Xiwang Yang  

E-print Network

Circle-based Recommendation in Online Social Networks Xiwang Yang ECE Department Polytechnic York yongliu@poly.edu ABSTRACT Online social network information promises to increase rec- ommendation serve users' activities across different domains, many online social networks now support a new feature

Liu, Yong

347

A Two-Stage Deanonymization Attack against Anonymized Social Networks  

E-print Network

left by users of online social networking services, even after anonymization, are susceptible, two popular online social networking services, rank at second and ninth place, respectively. One characteristic of online social networking services is their emphasis on the users and their connections

Wu, Jie

348

Measurement and Analysis of Online Social Networks Alan Mislove  

E-print Network

Measurement and Analysis of Online Social Networks Alan Mislove MPI for Software Systems Campus E1 Science Department University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 ABSTRACT Online social networking sites systems and to design new applications of online social networks. This paper presents a large

Gummadi, Krishna P.

349

Using Social Networks to Create Powerful Learning Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regular readers of "Computers in Libraries" are aware that social networks are forming increasingly important linkages to professional and personal development in all libraries. Live and virtual social networks have become the new learning playground for librarians and library staff. Social networks have the ability to connect those who are…

Lenox, Marianne; Coleman, Maurice

2010-01-01

350

Scalable proximity estimation and link prediction in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proximity measures quantify the closeness or similarity between nodes in a social network and form the basis of a range of appli- cations in social sciences, business, information technology, com- puter networks, and cyber security. It is challenging to estimate proximity measures in online social networks due to their massive scale (with millions of users) and dynamic nature (with hundreds

Han Hee Song; Tae Won Cho; Vacha Dave; Yin Zhang; Lili Qiu

2009-01-01

351

Analysis of User Keyword Similarity in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

1 Analysis of User Keyword Similarity in Online Social Networks Prantik Bhattacharyya, Ankush Garg and the social network topology. A user profile in an online social network is characterized by its profile. First, we present a `forest model' to categorize keywords across multiple categorization trees

California at Davis, University of

352

Exploring Educational and Cultural Adaptation through Social Networking Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking sites have seen tremendous growth and are widely used around the world. Nevertheless, the use of social networking sites in educational contexts is an under explored area. This paper uses a qualitative methodology, autoethnography, to investigate how social networking sites, specifically Facebook[TM], can help first semester…

Ryan, Sherry D.; Magro, Michael J.; Sharp, Jason H.

2011-01-01

353

Social selection and peer influence in an online social network  

PubMed Central

Disentangling the effects of selection and influence is one of social science's greatest unsolved puzzles: Do people befriend others who are similar to them, or do they become more similar to their friends over time? Recent advances in stochastic actor-based modeling, combined with self-reported data on a popular online social network site, allow us to address this question with a greater degree of precision than has heretofore been possible. Using data on the Facebook activity of a cohort of college students over 4 years, we find that students who share certain tastes in music and in movies, but not in books, are significantly likely to befriend one another. Meanwhile, we find little evidence for the diffusion of tastes among Facebook friends—except for tastes in classical/jazz music. These findings shed light on the mechanisms responsible for observed network homogeneity; provide a statistically rigorous assessment of the coevolution of cultural tastes and social relationships; and suggest important qualifications to our understanding of both homophily and contagion as generic social processes. PMID:22184242

Lewis, Kevin; Gonzalez, Marco; Kaufman, Jason

2012-01-01

354

Social selection and peer influence in an online social network.  

PubMed

Disentangling the effects of selection and influence is one of social science's greatest unsolved puzzles: Do people befriend others who are similar to them, or do they become more similar to their friends over time? Recent advances in stochastic actor-based modeling, combined with self-reported data on a popular online social network site, allow us to address this question with a greater degree of precision than has heretofore been possible. Using data on the Facebook activity of a cohort of college students over 4 years, we find that students who share certain tastes in music and in movies, but not in books, are significantly likely to befriend one another. Meanwhile, we find little evidence for the diffusion of tastes among Facebook friends-except for tastes in classical/jazz music. These findings shed light on the mechanisms responsible for observed network homogeneity; provide a statistically rigorous assessment of the coevolution of cultural tastes and social relationships; and suggest important qualifications to our understanding of both homophily and contagion as generic social processes. PMID:22184242

Lewis, Kevin; Gonzalez, Marco; Kaufman, Jason

2012-01-01

355

A model for the generation of social network graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present and evaluate a social network model which exploits fundamental results coming from the social anthropology literature. Specifically, our model focuses on ego networks, i.e., the set of active social rela- tionships for a given individual. The model is based on a function that correlates the level of emotional closeness of a social relationship to the

Marco Conti; Andrea Passarella; Fabio Pezzoni

2011-01-01

356

Social Media and the New Academic Environment: Pedagogical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As web applications play a vital role in our society, social media has emerged as an important tool in the creation and exchange of user-generated content and social interaction. The benefits of these services have entered in the educational areas to become new means by which scholars communicate, collaborate and teach. Social Media and the New…

Patrut, Bogdan; Patrut, Monica; Cmeciu, Camelia

2013-01-01

357

The Benefits and Limitations of Social Networking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for the Digital Future at the University of Southern California surveys 2,000 households each year to find out how online technology affects Internet users. Findings in the latest report show social networks are increasing and a majority of users report feeling as strongly about their communities online as their real-world communities.…

Strom, Paris; Strom, Robert

2012-01-01

358

Protecting Personal Information on Social Networking Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost everyone uses social networking sites like Facebook, MySpace, and LinkedIn. Since Facebook is the most popular site in the history of the Internet, this article will focus on how one can protect his/her personal information and how that extends to protecting the private information of others.

Gallant, David T.

2011-01-01

359

Social network support for data delivery infrastructures  

E-print Network

-generated content, which need to be staged close to viewers to control latency and jitter. Our traces show that a preference for the unpopular tail items often spreads virally and is localised to some part of the social network. Exploiting this, we propose Buzztraq...

Sastry, Nishanth Ramakrishna

2011-10-11

360

Social Networking: A Collaborative Open Educational Resource  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies undertaken since the introduction of Web 2.0 have focussed mainly on open educational resources (OERs) such as email, blogging and virtual learning environments. No consistent efforts have been undertaken to study the use of social networking sites as a tool for learning in the second language classroom. This study examined the use of…

Toetenel, Lisette

2014-01-01

361

Social Networking Postings: Views from School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous recent media accounts indicate that teachers are being fired, put on probation, or otherwise censured because of information found on their social networking sites (SNS). While the literature in business, psychology, and pharmacy shows initial investigations of the impact of SNS information on hiring decisions, this area has not been…

Griffin, Marlynn M.; Lake, Robert L.

2012-01-01

362

Security and Privacy in Online Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social Network Services (SNS) are currently drastically revolutionizing the way people interact, thus becoming de facto a predominant service on the web, today.1 The impact of this paradigm change on socioeconomic and technical aspects of collaboration and interaction is comparable to that caused by the deployment of World Wide Web in the 1990s.

Cutillo, Leucio Antonio; Manulis, Mark; Strufe, Thorsten

363

Involuntary Information Leakage in Social Network Services  

E-print Network

the identified involuntary information leakage problem. 1 Introduction Social network services (SNS) represent personal information This work was supported in part by Taiwan Information Security Center (TWISC addressed the problems of privacy invasion and security threats raised by information exposure online, e

Chen, Sheng-Wei

364

Contrail: Enabling Decentralized Social Networks on Smartphones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are increasingly used for social networking applications, where data is shared between devices belonging to different users. Today, such applications are implemented as centralized services, forcing users to trust corporations with their personal data. While decentralized designs for such applications can provide privacy, they are difficult to achieve on current devices due to constraints on connectivity, energy and

Patrick Stuedi; Iqbal Mohomed; Mahesh Balakrishnan; Venugopalan Ramasubramanian; Ted Wobber; Doug Terry; Morley Mao

2011-01-01

365

Contrail: Enabling Decentralized Social Networks on Smartphones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are increasingly used for social networking applications, where data is shared between devices belonging to different users. Today, such applications are implemented as centralized services, forcing users to trust corporations with their personal data. While decentralized designs for such applications can provide privacy, they are difficult to achieve on current devices due to constraints on connectivity, energy and

Patrick Stuedi; Iqbal Mohomed; Mahesh Balakrishnan; Venugopalan Ramasubramanian; Doug Terry; Ted Wobber; Z. Morley Mao

2010-01-01

366

Behavioural Ecology: Social Networking for Dullards  

E-print Network

house finches can improve their mating success by moving to a different social network, where, and the background, such as strong shadows on a wall. Although I might balk at comparing dull male house finches to the beauty of `The Kitchen Maid', a recent paper [1] suggests that female house finches may think differently

Badyaev, Alex

367

Social Network Structures among Groundnut Farmers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Groundnut farmers in East Africa have experienced declines in production despite research and extension efforts to increase productivity. This study examined how social network structures related to acquisition of information about new seed varieties and productivity among groundnut farmers in Uganda and Kenya.…

Thuo, Mary; Bell, Alexandra A.; Bravo-Ureta, Boris E.; Okello, David K.; Okoko, Evelyn Nasambu; Kidula, Nelson L.; Deom, C. Michael; Puppala, Naveen

2013-01-01

368

Characterizing privacy in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networks (OSNs) with half a billion users have dramatically raised concerns on privacy leakage. Users, often willingly, share personal identifying information about themselves, but do not have a clear idea of who accesses their private information or what portion of it really needs to be accessed. In this study we examine popular OSNs from a viewpoint of characterizing

Balachander Krishnamurthy; Craig E. Wills

2008-01-01

369

Analysis of tag within online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, tagging systems have been paid increasing attentions from both research communities and system designers. Most popular online social networking sites harness tag for managing and locating contents, for organizing and connecting users, and for recommending and sharing resources. We believe that tag acts like bridge between people and resources. Research on tag and tagging behavior will provide

Chao Wu; Bo Zhou

2009-01-01

370

Scaling Online Social Networks without Pains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online Social Networks (OSN) face serious scalability chal- lenges due to their rapid growth and popularity. To address this issue we present a novel approach to scale up OSN called One Hop Replication (OHR). Our system combines par- titioning and replication in a middleware to transparently scale up a centralized OSN design, and therefore, avoid the OSN application to undergo

Josep M. Pujol; Georgos Siganos; Vijay Erramilli; Pablo Rodriguez

371

Ethical Considerations of Social Networking for Counsellors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of online social networking websites has increased among Canadians in recent years. There are many professional and ethical implications for counsellors who use these sites (Boyd, 2007). Although they offer advantages to counsellors, their use can also raise issues around ethical conduct. Because the counselling literature has not yet…

Bratt, William Edgar Vernon

2010-01-01

372

Libraries' Place in Virtual Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do libraries belong in the virtual world of social networking? With more than 100 million users, this environment is impossible to ignore. A rising philosophy for libraries, particularly in blog-land, involves the concept of being where the users are. Simply using new media to deliver an old message is not progress. Instead, librarians should…

Mathews, Brian S.

2007-01-01

373

Trust Management in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of trust has been studied significantly by researchers in philosophy, psychology and sociology; research in these fields show that trust is a subjective view that varies greatly among people, situations and environments. This very subjective characteristic of trust however, has been largely overlooked within trust management used in the online social network (OSN) scenario. To date, trust management

Bo Fu; Declan O'Sullivan

374

Social Dynamics within Electronic Networks of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic networks of practice (eNoP) are special types of electronic social structures focused on discussing domain-specific problems related to a skill-based craft or profession in question and answer style forums. eNoP have implemented peer-to-peer feedback systems in order to motivate future contributions and to distinguish contribution…

Mattson, Thomas A., Jr.

2013-01-01

375

Adaptive Bayesian agents: Enabling distributed social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article brings together two views of organisations: res ource-based theories (RBT) and social network analysis (SNA). Resource-based theories stress the importance of tangible assets, as well as less tangible ones, in the competitive advantage and success of organisations. However, they provide little insight into how resources are brought together by an organisation to generate core competencies that provide a

A. Potgieter; K. A. April; R. J. E. Cooke; M. Lockett

2006-01-01

376

Networking Serendipitous Social Encounters in Urban Neighbourhoods  

Microsoft Academic Search

In urban residential environments in Australia and other developed countries, Internet access is on the verge of becoming a ubiquitous utility like water or electricity. From an urban informatics perspective, this chapter discusses emerging qualities of social formations of urban residents that are based on networked individualism and the potential of internet-based systems to support them. It proposes that appropriate

Marcus Foth

377

Exploring Social Networking: Developing Critical Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While schools have been using computers within their classrooms for years now, there has been a purposeful ignoring of the growing power of social networks such as Facebook and Twitter. Many schools ban students from accessing and using sites such as Facebook at school and many English and literacy teachers ignore or deny their value as a teaching…

Watson, Pauline

2012-01-01

378

Mining directed social network from message board  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the paper, we present an approach to mining a directed social network from a message board on the Internet where vertices denote individuals and directed links denote the flow of influence. The influence is measured based on propagating terms among individuals via messages. The distance with respect to contextual similarity between individuals is acquired since the influence indicates the

Naohiro Matsumura; David E. Goldberg; Xavier Llorà

2005-01-01

379

Personalised and dynamic trust in social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a novel trust metric for social networks which is suitable for application in recommender systems. It is personalised and dynamic and allows to compute the indirect trust between two agents which are not neighbours based on the direct trust between agents that are neighbours. In analogy to some personalised versions of PageRank, this metric makes use of the

Frank Edward Walter; Stefano Battiston; Frank Schweitzer

2009-01-01

380

Evaluation in health informatics: social network analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social network analysis comprises a set of research methods that can be used to analyze the relationships among entities such as people, departments, and organizations. The purpose of the analysis is to discover patterns of relationships that affect both individual and organizational attitudes and behavior such as the adoption, diffusion, and use of new medical informatics applications. This paper presents

James G. Anderson

2002-01-01

381

Academic, behavioral, and social adaptation of boys with hemophilia/HIV disease.  

PubMed

Examined the intelligence, academic achievement, behavior, and social competency of 37 school-aged boys with hemophilia, 56% with HIV infection. IQ scores fell in the average range, but total reading scores were almost 1 standard deviation below the mean. Parent and teacher ratings of social functioning and behavior fell in the normal range. Absenteeism, an average of 27 days for the previous school year, was inversely correlated with most teacher ratings, indicating that absenteeism may be a significant factor in the academic and social adaptation of children with hemophilia. Overall, boys infected with HIV demonstrated the same level of academic and behavioral adaptation as those uninfected. The need for special education programs and interventions to enhance competency in the school setting is discussed. PMID:7931932

Colegrove, R W; Huntzinger, R M

1994-08-01

382

Computational Statistical Methods for Social Network Models  

PubMed Central

We review the broad range of recent statistical work in social network models, with emphasis on computational aspects of these methods. Particular focus is applied to exponential-family random graph models (ERGM) and latent variable models for data on complete networks observed at a single time point, though we also briefly review many methods for incompletely observed networks and networks observed at multiple time points. Although we mention far more modeling techniques than we can possibly cover in depth, we provide numerous citations to current literature. We illustrate several of the methods on a small, well-known network dataset, Sampson’s monks, providing code where possible so that these analyses may be duplicated. PMID:23828720

Hunter, David R.; Krivitsky, Pavel N.; Schweinberger, Michael

2013-01-01

383

Bridging and bonding interactions in higher education: social capital and students’ academic and professional identity formation  

PubMed Central

It is increasingly recognized that graduates’ achievements depend in important ways on their opportunities to develop an academic and a professional identity during their studies. Previous research has shown that students’ socio-economic status (SES) and social capital prior to entering university affects their ability to obtain these identities in higher education. However, what is less well understood is whether social capital that is built during university studies shapes identity development, and if so, whether the social capital gained during university years impacts on academic and professional identity differently. In a qualitative study, we interviewed 26 Danish and 11 Australian university students about their social interaction experiences, their opportunities to develop bonding capital as well as bridging capital, and their academic and professional identity. Findings show that while bonding social capital with co-students facilitated academic identity formation, such social capital does not lead to professional identity development. We also found that the development of bridging social capital with educators facilitated students’ professional identity formation. However, bonding social capital among students stood in the way of participating in bridging interaction with educators, thereby further hindering professional identity formation. Finally, while students’ parental background did not affect the perceived difficulty of forming professional identity, there was a tendency for students from lower SES backgrounds to be more likely to make internal attributions while those from higher SES backgrounds were more likely to make external attributions for the failure to develop professional identity. Results point to the importance of creating opportunities for social interaction with educators at university because this facilitates the generation of bridging social capital, which, in turn, is essential for students’ professional identity development. PMID:25762954

Jensen, Dorthe H.; Jetten, Jolanda

2015-01-01

384

Bridging and bonding interactions in higher education: social capital and students' academic and professional identity formation.  

PubMed

It is increasingly recognized that graduates' achievements depend in important ways on their opportunities to develop an academic and a professional identity during their studies. Previous research has shown that students' socio-economic status (SES) and social capital prior to entering university affects their ability to obtain these identities in higher education. However, what is less well understood is whether social capital that is built during university studies shapes identity development, and if so, whether the social capital gained during university years impacts on academic and professional identity differently. In a qualitative study, we interviewed 26 Danish and 11 Australian university students about their social interaction experiences, their opportunities to develop bonding capital as well as bridging capital, and their academic and professional identity. Findings show that while bonding social capital with co-students facilitated academic identity formation, such social capital does not lead to professional identity development. We also found that the development of bridging social capital with educators facilitated students' professional identity formation. However, bonding social capital among students stood in the way of participating in bridging interaction with educators, thereby further hindering professional identity formation. Finally, while students' parental background did not affect the perceived difficulty of forming professional identity, there was a tendency for students from lower SES backgrounds to be more likely to make internal attributions while those from higher SES backgrounds were more likely to make external attributions for the failure to develop professional identity. Results point to the importance of creating opportunities for social interaction with educators at university because this facilitates the generation of bridging social capital, which, in turn, is essential for students' professional identity development. PMID:25762954

Jensen, Dorthe H; Jetten, Jolanda

2015-01-01

385

Do Social Networks Improve e-Commerce? A Study on Social Marketplaces  

E-print Network

links. For example, many believe that by augmenting online marketplaces with social networking, we can of friends (FOF). To evaluate the potential impact of social networking on online marketplaces, we study user is an online auction house similar to eBay and uBid, but is unique in its integration of a social network

Zhao, Ben Y.

386

Do Social Networks Improve eCommerce? A Study on Social Marketplaces  

E-print Network

links. For example, many believe that by augmenting online marketplaces with social networking, we can of friends (FOF). To evaluate the potential impact of social networking on online marketplaces, we study user is an online auction house similar to eBay and uBid, but is unique in its integration of a social network

Zhao, Ben Y.

387

SocialRank : ranking users and information in online social networks  

E-print Network

The goal of this project is to explore the design and implementation of SocialRank. SocialRank is a personalized ranking algorithm that provides--for each user--ratings for people in his online social network. Subsequently, ...

Tarbzouni, Abdulrahman I

2009-01-01

388

Differences in academic and social integration and environmental factors among new, successful, and unsuccessful community college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which academic and social integration and external environmental factors played a role in the academic success of community college students. The relationship of these factors to selected demographic and academic variables was also investigated.Subjects were community college students drawn from randomly selected courses during the fall of 1995 and

Armando J. Ferrer

1997-01-01

389

Influence of Reciprocal Links in Social Networks  

PubMed Central

How does reciprocal links affect the function of real social network? Does reciprocal link and non-reciprocal link play the same role? Previous researches haven't displayed a clear picture to us until now according to the best of our knowledge. Motivated by this, in this paper, we empirically study the influence of reciprocal links in two representative real datasets, Sina Weibo and Douban. Our results demonstrate that the reciprocal links play a more important role than non-reciprocal ones in information diffusion process. In particular, not only coverage but also the speed of the information diffusion can be significantly enhanced by considering the reciprocal effect. We give some possible explanations from the perspectives of network connectivity and efficiency. This work may shed some light on the in-depth understanding and application of the reciprocal effect in directed online social networks. PMID:25072242

Zhu, Yu-Xiao; Zhang, Xiao-Guang; Sun, Gui-Quan; Tang, Ming; Zhou, Tao; Zhang, Zi-Ke

2014-01-01

390

Social networks among Indigenous peoples in Mexico.  

PubMed

We examine the extent to which social networks among indigenous peoples in Mexico have a significant effect on a variety of human capital investment and economic activities, such as school attendance and work among teenage boys and girls, and migration, welfare participation, employment status, occupation, and sector of employment among adult males and females. Using data from the 10 percent population sample of the 2000 Population and Housing Census of Mexico and the empirical strategy that Bertrand, Luttmer, and Mullainathan (2000) propose, which allows us to take into account the role of municipality and language group fixed effects, we confirm empirically that social network effects play an important role in the economic decisions of indigenous people, especially in rural areas. Our analysis also provides evidence that better access to basic services such as water and electricity increases the size and strength of network effects in rural areas. PMID:21188887

Skoufias, Emmanuel; Lunde, Trine; Patrinos, Harry Anthony

2010-01-01

391

Social Networking and the Social and Emotional Wellbeing of Adolescents in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology and social networking tools and sites are changing the way young people build and maintain their social connections with others (Boyd & Ellison, 2008). This study utilised a new measure, The Self in a Social Context, Virtual Connectedness subscale (SSC-VC subscale), to examine the effects of social networking tools and sites on…

Bourgeois, Amanda; Bower, Julie; Carroll, Annemaree

2014-01-01

392

Help from My "Friends": Social Capital in the Social Network Sites of Low-Income Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of social capital in young people is positively associated with educational attainment, achievement, and psychosocial factors. Prior research has explored factors that contribute to social capital, such as offline social networks. To a lesser extent, studies have analyzed the relationship between online social networks and…

Greenhow, Christine; Burton, Lisa

2011-01-01

393

Informal Learning in Social Networks: A Study of the Orkut Social Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an analytical study which characterises the virtual communities of the Orkut social network, focusing in particular on education, training and technology, in order to understand whether this and other social websites allow the development of informal learning. This empirical study, which is descriptive and exploratory, began…

Lisboa, Eliana Santana; Coutinho, Clara Pereira

2011-01-01

394

Understanding Classrooms through Social Network Analysis: A Primer for Social Network Analysis in Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social interactions between students are a major and underexplored part of undergraduate education. Understanding how learning relationships form in undergraduate classrooms, as well as the impacts these relationships have on learning outcomes, can inform educators in unique ways and improve educational reform. Social network analysis (SNA)…

Grunspan, Daniel Z.; Wiggins, Benjamin L.; Goodreau, Steven M.

2014-01-01

395

System Integration and Network Planning in the Academic Health Center  

PubMed Central

The transfer of information within the academic health center is complicated by the complex nature of the institution's multi-dimensional role. The diverse functions of patient care, administration, education and research result in a complex web of information exchange which requires an integrated approach to system management. System integration involves a thorough assessment of “end user” needs in terms of hardware and software as well as specification of the communications network architecture. The network will consist of a series of end user nodes which capture, process, archive and display information. This paper will consider some requirements of these nodes, also called intelligent workstations, relating to their management and integration into a total health care network.

Testa, Marcia A.; Spackman, Thomas J.

1985-01-01

396

Social VPNs: Integrating Overlay and Social Networks for Seamless P2P Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we introduce Social VPNs, a novel system architecture which leverages existing social net- working infrastructures to enable ad-hoc VPNs which are self-configuring, self-managing, yet maintain secu- rity against untrusted parties. The key principles in our approach are: (1) self-configuring virtual network overlays enable seamless bi-directional IP-layer connec- tivity among parties linked by means of social connec- tions;

Renato J. Figueiredo; David Wolinsky

397

Social Capital and Academic Motivation among First-Generation Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social capital, the value of a relationship that provides support and assistance in a given social situation (Stanton-Salazar, 2001), is a useful theory for understanding the experiences of low-income adolescents who are the first in their families to attend college. According to social capital theory, networks of relationships can help students…

Moschetti, Roxanne Venus; Hudley, Cynthia

2015-01-01

398

Effects of Teacher Efficacy on Student Academic and Social Emotional Achievements as Reported on Georgia Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in kindergarten are not meeting state standards on standardized academic and social/emotional scores in the southeastern United States. The focus of this study was to determine if a teacher's perceptions of self-efficacy affects student success in academic and social/emotional standards as reported on the Georgia Kindergarten of…

Brown, Tisha J.

2012-01-01

399

Promoting social and academic integration into higher education by first?year student nurses: the APPL project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Academic, Personal and Professional Learning (APPL) model of support for student nurses was developed and implemented as a pilot project in the Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences of a university in response to a number of internal and external drivers. The common theme across these drivers was the enhancement of the social, academic and professional integration of

Sue Fergy; Ann Ooms; Jean Shapcott; Linda Burke

2011-01-01

400

Promoting Social and Academic Integration into Higher Education by First-Year Student Nurses: The APPL Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Academic, Personal and Professional Learning (APPL) model of support for student nurses was developed and implemented as a pilot project in the Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences of a university in response to a number of internal and external drivers. The common theme across these drivers was the enhancement of the social, academic

Fergy, Sue; Marks-Maran, Di; Ooms, Ann; Shapcott, Jean; Burke, Linda

2011-01-01

401

Second Language Students' Discourse Socialization in Academic Online Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an investigation of second language (L2) students' class participation in English-language university courses in two different modes: face-to-face off-line and asynchronous online. The study addressed (1) what characteristics of academic online discourse were created in graduate courses; (2) how students reported their…

Yim, Yoon-kyung Kecia

2011-01-01

402

Academic Learning + Social-Emotional Learning = National Priority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addition to graduating academically proficient students who are culturally literate, intellectually reflective, and committed to lifelong learning, schools must also enhance students' intrapersonal and interpersonal competencies so they're optimally prepared for work and life. Successful students develop personal strengths including…

Weissberg, Roger P.; Cascarino, Jason

2013-01-01

403

Dynamic social networks in recovery homes.  

PubMed

Acute treatment aftercare in the form of sober living environments-i.e., recovery houses-provide an inexpensive and effective medium-term treatment alternative for many with substance use disorders. Limited evidence suggests that house-situated social relationships and associated social support are critical determinants of how successful these residential experiences are for their members, but little is known about the mechanisms underlying these relationships. This study explored the feasibility of using dynamic social network modeling to understand house-situated longitudinal associations among individual Alcoholics Anonymous related recovery behaviors, length of residence, dyadic interpersonal trust, and dyadic confidant relationship formation processes. Trust and confidant relationships were measured 3 months apart in U.S. urban-area recovery houses, all of which were part of a network of substance use recovery homes. A stochastic actor-based model was successfully estimated from this data set. Results suggest that confidant relationships are predicted by trust, while trust is affected by recovery behaviors and length of residence. Conceptualizing recovery houses as a set of independent, evolving social networks that can be modeled jointly appears to be a promising direction for research. PMID:24217855

Jason, Leonard A; Light, John M; Stevens, Edward B; Beers, Kimberly

2014-06-01

404

Linking Parental Socialization to Interpersonal Protective Processes, Academic Self-Presentation, and Expectations Among Rural African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data obtained from 2 waves of a longitudinal study of 671 rural African American families with an 11-year-old preadolescent were used to examine pathways through which racial and ethnic socialization influence youth self-presentation, academic expectations, and academic anticipation. Structural equation modeling analyses indicated that racial and ethnic socialization were linked with youth expectations for and anticipation of academic success through

Velma McBride Murry; Cady Berkel; Gene H. Brody; Shannon J. Miller; Yi-fu Chen

2009-01-01

405

Community structure in social and biological networks  

PubMed Central

A number of recent studies have focused on the statistical properties of networked systems such as social networks and the Worldwide Web. Researchers have concentrated particularly on a few properties that seem to be common to many networks: the small-world property, power-law degree distributions, and network transitivity. In this article, we highlight another property that is found in many networks, the property of community structure, in which network nodes are joined together in tightly knit groups, between which there are only looser connections. We propose a method for detecting such communities, built around the idea of using centrality indices to find community boundaries. We test our method on computer-generated and real-world graphs whose community structure is already known and find that the method detects this known structure with high sensitivity and reliability. We also apply the method to two networks whose community structure is not well known—a collaboration network and a food web—and find that it detects significant and informative community divisions in both cases. PMID:12060727

Girvan, M.; Newman, M. E. J.

2002-01-01

406

Online and offline social networks: Use of social networking sites by emerging adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking sites (e.g., MySpace and Facebook) are popular online communication forms among adolescents and emerging adults. Yet little is known about young people's activities on these sites and how their networks of “friends” relate to their other online (e.g., instant messaging) and offline networks. In this study, college students responded, in person and online, to questions about their online

Kaveri Subrahmanyam; Stephanie M. Reich; Natalia Waechter; Guadalupe Espinoza

2008-01-01

407

Exploratory community sensing in social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks generally provide an implementation of some kind of groups or communities which users can voluntarily join. Twitter does not have this functionality, and there is no notion of a formal group or community. We propose a method for identification of communities and assignment of semantic meaning to the discussion topics of the resulting communities. Using this analysis method and a sample of roughly a month's worth of Tweets from Twitter's "gardenhose" feed, we demonstrate the discovery of meaningful user communities on Twitter. We examine Twitter data streaming in real time and treat it as a sensor. Twitter is a social network which pioneered microblogging with the messages fitting an SMS, and a variety of clients, browsers, smart phones and PDAs are used for status updates by individuals, businesses, media outlets and even devices all over the world. Often an aggregate trend of such statuses may represent an important development in the world, which has been demonstrated with the Iran and Moldova elections and the anniversary of the Tiananmen in China. We propose using Twitter as a sensor, tracking individuals and communities of interest, and characterizing individual roles and dynamics of their communications. We developed a novel algorithm of community identification in social networks based on direct communication, as opposed to linking. We show ways to find communities of interest and then browse their neighborhoods by either similarity or diversity of individuals and groups adjacent to the one of interest. We use frequent collocations and statistically improbable phrases to summarize the focus of the community, giving a quick overview of its main topics. Our methods provide insight into the largest social sensor network in the world and constitute a platform for social sensing.

Khrabrov, Alexy; Stocco, Gabriel; Cybenko, George

2010-04-01

408

Popularity, social acceptance, and aggression in adolescent peer groups: links with academic performance and school attendance.  

PubMed

This article reports a short-term longitudinal study focusing on popularity and social acceptance as predictors of academic engagement for a sample of 342 adolescents (approximate average age of 14). These youths were followed for 4 consecutive semesters. Popularity, social acceptance, and aggression were assessed with a peer nomination inventory, and data on academic engagement were obtained from school records. For adolescents who were highly aggressive, increases in popularity were associated with increases in unexplained absences and decreases in grade point average. Conversely, changes in social acceptance were not predictive of changes in grade point average or unexplained absences. These results highlight the importance of multidimensional conceptualizations of social standing for research on school adjustment during adolescence and emphasize the potential risks associated with popularity. PMID:17087546

Schwartz, David; Gorman, Andrea Hopmeyer; Nakamoto, Jonathan; McKay, Tara

2006-11-01

409

Social Capital Theory: Implications for Women's Networking and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes social capital theory as a framework for exploring women's networking and social capital resources. It presents the foundational assumptions of the theory, the benefits and risks of social capital engagement, a feminist critique of social capital, and the role of social capital in adult learning.

Alfred, Mary V.

2009-01-01

410

Countervailing Social Network Influences on Problem Behaviors among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of countervailing social network influences (i.e., pro-social, anti-social or HIV risk peers) on problem behaviors (i.e., HIV drug risk, HIV sex risk or anti-social behaviors) among 696 homeless youth was assessed using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that older youth were less likely to report having pro-social peers and…

Rice, Eric; Stein, Judith A.; Milburn, Norweeta

2008-01-01

411

Text documents as social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extraction of keywords and features is a fundamental problem in text data mining. Document processing applications directly depend on the quality and speed of the identification of salient terms and phrases. Applications as disparate as automatic document classification, information visualization, filtering and security policy enforcement all rely on the quality of automatically extracted keywords. Recently, a novel approach to rapid change detection in data streams and documents has been developed. It is based on ideas from image processing and in particular on the Helmholtz Principle from the Gestalt Theory of human perception. By modeling a document as a one-parameter family of graphs with its sentences or paragraphs defining the vertex set and with edges defined by Helmholtz's principle, we demonstrated that for some range of the parameters, the resulting graph becomes a small-world network. In this article we investigate the natural orientation of edges in such small world networks. For two connected sentences, we can say which one is the first and which one is the second, according to their position in a document. This will make such a graph look like a small WWW-type network and PageRank type algorithms will produce interesting ranking of nodes in such a document.

Balinsky, Helen; Balinsky, Alexander; Simske, Steven J.

2012-03-01

412

Mathematical model for spreading dynamics of social network worms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a mathematical model for social network worm spreading is presented from the viewpoint of social engineering. This model consists of two submodels. Firstly, a human behavior model based on game theory is suggested for modeling and predicting the expected behaviors of a network user encountering malicious messages. The game situation models the actions of a user under the condition that the system may be infected at the time of opening a malicious message. Secondly, a social network accessing model is proposed to characterize the dynamics of network users, by which the number of online susceptible users can be determined at each time step. Several simulation experiments are carried out on artificial social networks. The results show that (1) the proposed mathematical model can well describe the spreading dynamics of social network worms; (2) weighted network topology greatly affects the spread of worms; (3) worms spread even faster on hybrid social networks.

Sun, Xin; Liu, Yan-Heng; Li, Bin; Li, Jin; Han, Jia-Wei; Liu, Xue-Jie

2012-04-01

413

Degree correlations in signed social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate degree correlations in two online social networks where users are connected through different types of links. We find that, while subnetworks in which links have a positive connotation, such as endorsement and trust, are characterized by assortative mixing by degree, networks in which links have a negative connotation, such as disapproval and distrust, are characterized by disassortative patterns. We introduce a class of simple theoretical models to analyze the interplay between network topology and the superimposed structure based on the sign of links. Results uncover the conditions that underpin the emergence of the patterns observed in the data, namely the assortativity of positive subnetworks and the disassortativity of negative ones. We discuss the implications of our study for the analysis of signed complex networks.

Ciotti, Valerio; Bianconi, Ginestra; Capocci, Andrea; Colaiori, Francesca; Panzarasa, Pietro

2015-03-01

414

Social Capital in a Social Network Framework: An Analysis of Social Spaces in Region of Tarapaca (Chile)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses Social Capital analysis, including Social Networks tools, to evaluate the participation levels in social organization as a context for social interactions. The social area under study includes 10 municipalities located in Region of Tarapaca in Chile, a region that presents some interesting cultural features that are expected to affect the levels of participation and the way in

Marcelo L. Lufin

415

Privacy policies for shared content in social network sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking is one of the major technological phenomena of the Web 2.0, with hundreds of millions of subscribed users.\\u000a Social networks enable a form of self-expression for users and help them to socialize and share content with other users.\\u000a In spite of the fact that content sharing represents one of the prominent features of existing Social network sites, they

Anna Cinzia Squicciarini; Mohamed Shehab; Joshua Wede

2010-01-01

416

Parental Racial Socialization and the Academic Achievement of African American Children: A Cultural-Ecological Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a cultural-ecological approach, this study examined: (a) associations between parental racial socialization and child\\u000a academic achievement and (b) variations in these associations across child gender and family socio-economic status. Participants\\u000a were 134 fifth grade African American children and their mothers. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to examine\\u000a associations between two components of parental racial socialization (preparation for bias,

Christian A. Friend; Andrea G. Hunter; Anne C. Fletcher

2011-01-01

417

From biological and social network metaphors to coupled bio-social wireless networks  

PubMed Central

Biological and social analogies have been long applied to complex systems. Inspiration has been drawn from biological solutions to solve problems in engineering products and systems, ranging from Velcro to camouflage to robotics to adaptive and learning computing methods. In this paper, we present an overview of recent advances in understanding biological systems as networks and use this understanding to design and analyse wireless communication networks. We expand on two applications, namely cognitive sensing and control and wireless epidemiology. We discuss how our work in these two applications is motivated by biological metaphors. We believe that recent advances in computing and communications coupled with advances in health and social sciences raise the possibility of studying coupled bio-social communication networks. We argue that we can better utilise the advances in our understanding of one class of networks to better our understanding of the other. PMID:21643462

Barrett, Christopher L.; Eubank, Stephen; Anil Kumar, V.S.; Marathe, Madhav V.

2010-01-01

418

A practical guide to social networks.  

PubMed

Saying that networks are important is stating the obvious. But harnessing the power of these seemingly invisible groups to achieve organizational goals is an elusive undertaking. Most efforts to promote collaboration are haphazard and built on the implicit philosophy that more connectivity is better. In truth, networks create relational demands that sap people's time and energy and can bog down entire organizations. It's crucial for executives to learn how to promote connectivity only where it benefits an organization or individual and to decrease unnecessary connections. In this article, the authors introduce three types of social networks, each of which delivers unique value. The customized response network excels at framing the ambiguous problems involved in innovation. Strategy consulting firms and new-product development groups rely on this format. By contrast, surgical teams and law firms rely mostly on the modular response network, which works best when components of the problem are known but the sequence of those components in the solution is unknown. And the routine response network is best suited for organizations like call centers, where the problems and solutions are fairly predictable but collaboration is still needed. Executives shouldn't simply hope that collaboration will spontaneously occur in the right places atthe right times in their organization. They need to develop a strategic, nuanced view of collaboration, and they must take steps to ensure that their companies support the types of social networks that best fit their goals. Drawing on examples from Novartis, the FAA, and Sallie Mae, the authors offer managers the tools they need to determine which network will deliver the best results for their organizations and which strategic investments will nurture the right degree of connectivity. PMID:15768681

Cross, Rob; Liedtka, Jeanne; Weiss, Leigh

2005-03-01

419

Rumor diffusion in an interests-based dynamic social network.  

PubMed

To research rumor diffusion in social friend network, based on interests, a dynamic friend network is proposed, which has the characteristics of clustering and community, and a diffusion model is also proposed. With this friend network and rumor diffusion model, based on the zombie-city model, some simulation experiments to analyze the characteristics of rumor diffusion in social friend networks have been conducted. The results show some interesting observations: (1) positive information may evolve to become a rumor through the diffusion process that people may modify the information by word of mouth; (2) with the same average degree, a random social network has a smaller clustering coefficient and is more beneficial for rumor diffusion than the dynamic friend network; (3) a rumor is spread more widely in a social network with a smaller global clustering coefficient than in a social network with a larger global clustering coefficient; and (4) a network with a smaller clustering coefficient has a larger efficiency. PMID:24453911

Tang, Mingsheng; Mao, Xinjun; Guessoum, Zahia; Zhou, Huiping

2013-01-01

420

Rumor Diffusion in an Interests-Based Dynamic Social Network  

PubMed Central

To research rumor diffusion in social friend network, based on interests, a dynamic friend network is proposed, which has the characteristics of clustering and community, and a diffusion model is also proposed. With this friend network and rumor diffusion model, based on the zombie-city model, some simulation experiments to analyze the characteristics of rumor diffusion in social friend networks have been conducted. The results show some interesting observations: (1) positive information may evolve to become a rumor through the diffusion process that people may modify the information by word of mouth; (2) with the same average degree, a random social network has a smaller clustering coefficient and is more beneficial for rumor diffusion than the dynamic friend network; (3) a rumor is spread more widely in a social network with a smaller global clustering coefficient than in a social network with a larger global clustering coefficient; and (4) a network with a smaller clustering coefficient has a larger efficiency. PMID:24453911

Mao, Xinjun; Guessoum, Zahia; Zhou, Huiping

2013-01-01

421

Using Online Social Networks to Foster Preservice Teachers' Membership in a Networked Community of Praxis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New social technologies offer new opportunities for creating online communities of praxis in the preparation of preservice teachers. In this design research study, 22 preservice teachers in a social studies methods class conducted online class discussions inside the National Council of the Social Studies Network Ning, a social network for social

Reich, Justin; Levinson, Meira; Johnston, William

2011-01-01

422

Rapid innovation diffusion in social networks  

PubMed Central

Social and technological innovations often spread through social networks as people respond to what their neighbors are doing. Previous research has identified specific network structures, such as local clustering, that promote rapid diffusion. Here we derive bounds that are independent of network structure and size, such that diffusion is fast whenever the payoff gain from the innovation is sufficiently high and the agents’ responses are sufficiently noisy. We also provide a simple method for computing an upper bound on the expected time it takes for the innovation to become established in any finite network. For example, if agents choose log-linear responses to what their neighbors are doing, it takes on average less than 80 revision periods for the innovation to diffuse widely in any network, provided that the error rate is at least 5% and the payoff gain (relative to the status quo) is at least 150%. Qualitatively similar results hold for other smoothed best-response functions and populations that experience heterogeneous payoff shocks. PMID:25024191

Kreindler, Gabriel E.; Young, H. Peyton

2014-01-01

423

NSF Proposal #00--Longitudinal Social Network Studies and Predictive Social Cohesion Theory  

E-print Network

Social Class and Radial Cohesion 9 Tests of Social Class and Radial Cohesion Hypotheses 10 4: LocalNSF Proposal #00-- Longitudinal Social Network Studies and Predictive Social Cohesion Theory years, Starting Date: July 1, 1999 ABSTRACT A new theory of social cohesion is developed for analysis

White, Douglas R.

424

Social and Academic Characteristic Assessments of Black Inner-City High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to identify how low socioeconomic black students perceive the world about them in relation to social and academic characteristics identified by various research findings, this study employs the research technique of using a visual multiple choice questionnaire. The establishment of characteristic statement photographs as being either…

McCullough, Lloyd M.

425

Living-Learning Programs and First-Generation College Students' Academic and Social Transition to College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the role of living-learning (L/L) programs in facilitating first-generation students' perceived academic and social transition to college. Using a sample of 1,335 first-generation students from 33 4-year institutions who participated in the National Study of Living-Learning Programs during Spring 2004, the results of the study…

Inkelas, Karen Kurotsuchi; Daver, Zaneeta E.; Vogt, Kristen E.; Leonard, Jeannie Brown

2007-01-01

426

Social Positioning, Participation, and Second Language Learning: Talkative Students in an Academic ESL Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guided by positioning theory and poststructural views of second language learning, the two descriptive case studies presented in this article explored the links between social positioning and the language learning experiences of two talkative students in an academic ESL classroom. Focusing on the macro- and micro-level contexts of communication,…

Kayi-Aydar, Hayriye

2014-01-01

427

The Differential Effects of General Mental Ability and Emotional Intelligence on Academic Performance and Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considers the debate about whether emotional intelligence (EI) has incremental validity over and above traditional intelligence dimensions. We propose that EI and general mental abilities (GMA) differ in predicting academic performance and the quality of social interactions among college students. Using two college student samples, we…

Song, Lynda Jiwen; Huang, Guo-hua; Peng, Kelly Z.; Law, Kenneth S.; Wong, Chi-Sum; Chen, Zhijun

2010-01-01

428

Actively Closing the Gap? Social Class, Organized Activities, and Academic Achievement in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in Organized Activities (OA) is associated with positive behavioral and developmental outcomes in children. However, less is known about how particular aspects of participation affect the academic achievement of high school students from different social class positions. Using the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, this study…

Morris, David S.

2015-01-01

429

Do Friends Always Help Your Studies? Mediating Processes between Social Relations and Academic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies suggest that social relations can increase one's motivation to learn in school. However, other evidence showed that having more friends may also distract from one's academic involvement. To understand the mechanisms behind this apparent contradiction, this study identified and tested the effects of a potentially important positive…

Li, Manyu; Frieze, Irene Hanson; Nokes-Malach, Timothy J.; Cheong, Jeewon

2013-01-01

430

Communication, Academic, and Social Skills of Young Adults with Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript reports on data collected as part of a larger research study designed to investigate factors that facilitate the integration of children with hearing loss into mainstream environments. Aspects of communicative, academic, and social functioning for 43 adolescents and young adults were examined using questionnaires. In addition,…

Eriks-Brophy, Alice; Durieux-Smith, Andree; Olds, Janet; Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth M.; Duquette, Cheryll; Whittingham, JoAnne

2012-01-01

431

An Examination of the Influence of Social and Academic Integration on Multiracial College Student Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to test Tinto's theory of college student integration by measuring the social and academic integration of multiracial students. The participants for the current study consisted of a convenience sample of college students (n = 173) classified as seniors during the Fall 2012 semester at a mid-sized public four-year…

Spicer-Runnels, Ashley D.

2013-01-01

432

Perceived Academic Control: Mediating the Effects of Optimism and Social Support on College Students' Psychological Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first year of college presents numerous challenges experienced as overwhelming by some freshmen who may become overly stressed and depressed. This longitudinal study examined perceived academic control (PAC) as a mediator of optimism and social support's buffering effects on freshman students' psychological health. Multiple regressions…

Ruthig, Joelle C.; Haynes, Tara L.; Stupnisky, Robert H.; Perry, Raymond P.

2009-01-01

433

Parent-School Relationships and Children's Academic and Social Outcomes in Public School Pre-Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two dimensions of parent-school relationships, parental school involvement and parents' perceptions of teacher responsiveness to child/parent, were examined in state-funded pre-kindergarten classrooms in a large urban school district. Children's social and academic outcomes were individually assessed in the fall and spring. Hierarchical Linear…

Powell, Douglas R.; Son, Seung-Hee; File, Nancy; San Juan, Robert R.

2010-01-01

434

A Database Evaluation Based on Information Needs of Academic Social Scientists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates two databases, "Historical Abstracts" and REESWeb, to determine their effectiveness in supporting academic social science research. While many performance evaluations gather quantitative data from isolated query and response transactions, this study is a qualitative evaluation of the databases in the context of actual…

Buterbaugh, Nancy Toth

435

Young, Gifted, and Female: A Look at Academic and Social Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article illuminates the current status of our understanding regarding the academic and social-emotional needs of gifted, early adolescent females in the United States. A synthesis of both theoretical and empirical studies addresses two foundational questions. First, how do we describe the unique population of gifted, female, adolescent…

Meredith, Corine Cadle

2009-01-01

436

Relationships among Academic, Social and Psychological Adjustments to University Life: Comparisons across Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University support to students' transition to university life can be divided into three dimensions, namely: academic adjustment, social adjustment and psychological adjustment. Previous researches show that there are relationships among those adjustments. However, less is known about gender differences in these relationships. The purpose of this…

Yau, Hon Keung; Sun, Hongyi; Fong Cheng, Alison Lai

2012-01-01

437

Temperament and Social Problem Solving Competence in Preschool: Influences on Academic Skills in Early Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of the current study were to examine whether children's social problem solving (SPS) skills are a mechanism through which temperament influences later academic achievement and whether sex moderates these associations. The participants included 1117 children enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of…

Walker, Olga L.; Henderson, Heather A.

2012-01-01

438

Sluggish Cognitive Tempo among Young Adolescents with ADHD: Relations to Mental Health, Academic, and Social Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study investigated the role of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in relation to externalizing and internalizing mental health problems, academic functioning, and social functioning among young adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: In all, 57 youth ages 10 to 14 participated in the study. Parents…

Becker, Stephen P.; Langberg, Joshua M.

2013-01-01

439

Commercial Social Media and the Erosion of the Commons: Implications for Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent scholarship challenges the celebratory discourse surrounding Web 2.0. This paper engages with this scholarship to examine critically the implications of academic libraries' presence within commercially owned social media spaces. It considers the apparent contradiction between work to promote the principles of open access and the idea of the…

Lilburn, Jeff

2012-01-01

440

Evaluation of the Social and Academic Problems of the Returning Woman Student (35+).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted at North Shore Community College (NSCC) to determine the academic and social problems or needs of returning women students over 35 years of age and to develop a model support system for these students. Questionnaires were administered to 50 randomly selected older women students, 9 counselors, 35 faculty members, and 12…

Wintersteen, Betty A.

441

Computer Science Majors: Sex Role Orientation, Academic Achievement, and Social Cognitive Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the sex role orientations endorsed by 188 male and female students majoring in computer science, a male-dominated college degree program. The relations among sex role orientation and academic achievement and social cognitive factors influential in career decision-making self-efficacy were explored. Findings revealed that…

Brown, Chris; Garavalia, Linda S.; Fritts, Mary Lou Hines; Olson, Elizabeth A.

2006-01-01

442

Applying Social Cognitive Theory to Academic Advising to Assess Student Learning Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of social cognitive theory constructs of self-efficacy and self-regulated learning is applied to academic advising for the purposes of assessing student learning. A brief overview of the history of student learning outcomes in higher education is followed by an explanation of self-efficacy and self-regulated learning constructs and how they…

Erlich, Richard J.; Russ-Eft, Darlene

2011-01-01

443

Peer Modeling of Academic and Social Behaviors during Small-Group Direct Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe an intervention for 3 preschoolers with disabilities who had low peer-related social competence. The intervention taught academic skills tailored to the need of each target student in small groups (triads) with two typically developing peers, using a progressive time delay procedure. Prior to instruction and separate from the…

Ledford, Jennifer R.; Wolery, Mark

2013-01-01

444

Improving Social and Academic Outcomes for All Learners through the Use of Teacher Praise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who frequently engage in problem behavior tend to disrupt teacher instruction and impede others' learning, and they can seriously limit their own opportunities for academic and social success. The view that negative student-teacher interaction adversely impacts classroom climate is well documented. A positive and engaging classroom…

Marchant, Michelle; Anderson, Darlene H.

2012-01-01

445

Effects of Full-Day Kindergarten on Academic Achievement and Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis found that attending full-day (or all-day) kindergarten had a positive association with academic achievement (compared to half-day kindergarten) equal to about one quarter standard deviation at the end of the kindergarten year. But the association disappeared by third grade. Reasons for this fade-out are discussed. Social

Cooper, Harris; Batts Allen, Ashley; Patall, Erika A.; Dent, Amy L.

2010-01-01

446

Patterns of Early Reading and Social Skills Associated with Academic Success in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Researchers and policymakers emphasize that early childhood is a critical developmental stage with the potential to impact academic and social-emotional outcomes (G. Conti & J. J. Heckman, 2012; J. J. Heckman, 2012; R. Murnane, I. Sawhill, & C. Snow, 2012). Although there is substantial evidence that children's…

Cooper, Brittany Rhoades; Moore, Julia E.; Powers, C. J.; Cleveland, Michael; Greenberg, Mark T.

2014-01-01

447

The Role of Parenting Self-Efficacy in Children's Social and Academic Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A latent variable structural model was constructed to test the relations among mothers' and fathers' parenting self-efficacy (PSE), their loneliness, and their child's peer-evaluated social competence, self-evaluated loneliness, teacher-evaluated motivational orientation, and academic skills. In order to do this, first the Self-Efficacy for…

Junttila, Niina; Vauras, Marja; Laakkonen, Eero

2007-01-01

448

Cambodian Early Adolescents' Academic Achievement: The Role of Social Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the associations of parents' cultural beliefs and attitudes with respect to fate, traditional gender roles, aspirations, and involvement in children's academic achievement in Cambodia. Based on Coleman's social capital theory, a good parent-child relationship enables children's school success because…

Eng, Sothy

2013-01-01

449

The Relationship of Academic and Social Integration to Veterans' Educational Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to identify the relationship between academic and social integration and persistence for veterans in two-year colleges. Bean and Metzner's (1985) attrition theory served as the theoretical background of investigation for including variables throughout the seven research questions. The Beginning Postsecondary Student survey…

Barnhart, Dan

2011-01-01

450

Indexing Price Trends of French Academic Books in the Humanities and Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides data on price trends for French academic books in the humanities and social sciences for the years 1986-90 based on information from the "Bulletin Critique du Livre Francais," a monthly book-reviewing journal. A method for developing a price index for this material is demonstrated. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)

Austin, Ronald E.

1994-01-01

451

Critical Links: Learning in the Arts and Student Academic and Social Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two purposes of this compendium are: (1) to recommend to researchers and funders of research promising lines of inquiry and study suggested by recent, strong studies of the academic and social effects of learning in the arts; and (2) to provide designers of arts education curriculum and instruction with insights found in the research that suggest…

Deasy, Richard J., Ed.

452

Relation of Social-Cognitive Factors to Academic Satisfaction in Engineering Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lent (2004) posited a model of domain-specific and overall life satisfaction in which social-cognitive variables (self-efficacy, outcome expectations, environmental supports, and perceived goal progress) play key roles. In this study, the authors examined the relation of these variables to academic satisfaction. Participants were 153 engineering…

Lent, Robert W.; Singley, Daniel; Sheu, Hung-Bin; Schmidt, Janet A.; Schmidt, Linda C.

2007-01-01

453

Profiles of School Adaptation: Social, Behavioral and Academic Functioning in Sexually Abused Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The short-term outcomes of child sexual abuse (CSA) on academic, behavioral and social adaptation at school were examined in order to: (1) document the proportion of sexually abused (SA) girls struggling in school and define the nature of their difficulties, (2) explore whether different profiles of school adaptation could be…

Daignault, Isabelle V.; Hebert, Martine

2009-01-01

454

Academic Affiliations of Social Work Authors: A Citation Analysis of Six Major Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citation analysis as an indicator of scholarly activity is examined, and a discrepancy is noted between two previously published studies on the academic affiliations of social work authors, in light of the authors' present citation analysis of six major work journals. (Author/MH)

Thyer, Bruce; Bentley, Kia J.

1986-01-01

455

Parent Involvement and Children's Academic and Social Development in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Childcare and Youth Development (N = 1,364) were used to investigate children's trajectories of academic and social development across 1st, 3rd, and 5th grades. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine within- and between-child associations among…

El Nokali, Nermeen E.; Bachman, Heather J.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

456

Personal Self and Collective Self: When Academic Choices Depend on the Context of Social Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines the impact of same-sex versus opposite-sex social comparisons on the perception of one's own abilities at school and subsequent reported marks and academic choices. During their final year, male and female high school students were asked to describe themselves either in comparison with boys in their class, in comparison with…

Chazal, Sebastien; Guimond, Serge; Darnon, Celine

2012-01-01

457

Addressing the Academic and Social Needs of Young Male Students through School-Based Mentoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed the problem within the U.S. public school system to sustainably meet the academic and social needs of its African American male students. The administrative team of the elementary school in this study desired an evaluation of a school-based male mentoring program that was designed to address these needs. The program, Gentlemen…

Alston, Curtis E.

2013-01-01

458

Personality, Freshmen Proactive Social Behavior, and College Transition: Predictors beyond Academic Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When transitioning to college freshmen must behave proactively in order to strive for success in their collegiate careers and their future life. Past research has mainly focused on the academic strategies of freshmen when investigating the predictors of successful college transition and has paid little attention to students' social strategies. The…

Wang, Yi; Cullen, Kristin L.; Yao, Xiang; Li, Yixuan

2013-01-01

459

Children with ADHD and Depression: A Multisource, Multimethod Assessment of Clinical, Social, and Academic Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although ADHD and depression are common comorbidities in youth, few studies have examined this particular clinical presentation. To address method bias limitations of previous research, this study uses multiple informants to compare the academic, social, and clinical functioning of children with ADHD, children with ADHD and depression, and children without ADHD, all derived from a large community sample. High levels

Gabrielle L. Blackman; Rick Ostrander; Keith C. Herman

2005-01-01

460

Academic Achievement, Perfectionism and Social Support as Predictors of Test Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined likelihood of high school students' gender, levels of academic achievement, perfectionism and perceived social support in predicting their degree of test anxiety. Participants were 505 students from high schools in the Ankara metropolitan area. The Test Anxiety Inventory, Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and Perceived…

Yildirim, Ibrahim; Genctanirim, Dilek; Yalcin, Ilhan; Baydan, Yaprak

2008-01-01

461

Talking about Writing: Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Adolescents' Socialization into Academic Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation describes and analyzes the academic language socialization of culturally and linguistically diverse adolescents through a multi-case ethnographic study of high school writing instruction in California. I argue that there is a significant gap between the norms for writing in English language development classes and those in the…

Gilliland, Elizabeth A.

2012-01-01

462

Science and Technology Undergraduate Students' Use of the Internet, Cell Phones and Social Networking Sites to Access Library Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many academic libraries and publishers have developed mobile-optimized versions of their web sites and catalogs. Almost all database vendors and major journal publishers have provided a way to connect to their resources via the Internet and the mobile web. In light of this pervasive use of the Internet, mobile devices and social networking, this…

Salisbury, Lutishoor; Laincz, Jozef; Smith, Jeremy J.

2012-01-01

463

Privacy policies for health social networking sites.  

PubMed

Health social networking sites (HSNS), virtual communities where users connect with each other around common problems and share relevant health data, have been increasingly adopted by medical professionals and patients. The growing use of HSNS like Sermo and PatientsLikeMe has prompted public concerns about the risks that such online data-sharing platforms pose to the privacy and security of personal health data. This paper articulates a set of privacy risks introduced by social networking in health care and presents a practical example that demonstrates how the risks might be intrinsic to some HSNS. The aim of this study is to identify and sketch the policy implications of using HSNS and how policy makers and stakeholders should elaborate upon them to protect the privacy of online health data. PMID:23599228

Li, Jingquan

2013-01-01

464

Privacy policies for health social networking sites  

PubMed Central

Health social networking sites (HSNS), virtual communities where users connect with each other around common problems and share relevant health data, have been increasingly adopted by medical professionals and patients. The growing use of HSNS like Sermo and PatientsLikeMe has prompted public concerns about the risks that such online data-sharing platforms pose to the privacy and security of personal health data. This paper articulates a set of privacy risks introduced by social networking in health care and presents a practical example that demonstrates how the risks might be intrinsic to some HSNS. The aim of this study is to identify and sketch the policy implications of using HSNS and how policy makers and stakeholders should elaborate upon them to protect the privacy of online health data. PMID:23599228

Li, Jingquan

2013-01-01

465

Resolving social dilemmas on evolving random networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that strategy-independent adaptations of random interaction networks can induce powerful mechanisms, ranging from the Red Queen to group selection, which promote cooperation in evolutionary social dilemmas. These two mechanisms emerge spontaneously as dynamical processes due to deletions and additions of links, which are performed whenever players adopt new strategies and after a certain number of game iterations, respectively. The potency of cooperation promotion, as well as the mechanism responsible for it, can thereby be tuned via a single parameter determining the frequency of link additions. We thus demonstrate that coevolving random networks may evoke an appropriate mechanism for each social dilemma, such that cooperation prevails even in highly unfavorable conditions.

Szolnoki, Attila; Perc, Matjaž

2009-05-01

466

Recommender System from Personal Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recommender systems are found in many modern web sites for applications such as recommending products to customers. In this\\u000a paper we propose a new method for recommender system that employs the users’ social network in order to provide better recommendation\\u000a for media items such as movies or TV shows. As part of this paper we develop a new paradigm for

David Ben-shimon; Alexander Tsikinovsky; Lior Rokach; Amnon Meisels; Guy Shani; Lihi Naamani

2007-01-01

467

Social networking technology, social network composition, and reductions in substance use among homeless adolescents.  

PubMed

Peer-based prevention programs for homeless youth are complicated by the potential for reinforcing high-risk behaviors among participants. The goal of this study is to understand how homeless youth could be linked to positive peers in prevention programming by understanding where in social and physical space positive peers for homeless youth are located, how these ties are associated with substance use, and the role of social networking technologies (e.g., internet and cell phones) in this process. Personal social network data were collected from 136 homeless adolescents in Los Angeles, CA. Respondents reported on composition of their social networks with respect to: home-based peers and parents (accessed via social networking technology; e.g., the internet, cell phone, texting), homeless peers and agency staff (accessed face-to-face) and whether or not network members were substance-using or non-substance-using. Associations between respondent's lifetime cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine use and recent (previous 30 days) alcohol and marijuana use were assessed by the number of non-substance-using versus substance-using ties in multivariate linear regression models. 43% of adolescents reported a non-substance-using home-based tie. More of these ties were associated with less recent alcohol use. 62% of adolescents reported a substance-using homeless tie. More of these ties were associated with more recent marijuana use as well as more lifetime heroin and methamphetamine use. For homeless youth, who are physically disconnected from positive peers, social networking technologies can be used to facilitate the sorts of positive social ties that effective peer-based prevention programs require. PMID:21194011

Rice, Eric; Milburn, Norweeta G; Monro, William

2011-03-01

468

Visualising the invisible: a network approach to reveal the informal social side of student learning.  

PubMed

World-wide, universities in health sciences have transformed their curriculum to include collaborative learning and facilitate the students' learning process. Interaction has been acknowledged to be the synergistic element in this learning context. However, students spend the majority of their time outside their classroom and interaction does not stop outside the classroom. Therefore we studied how informal social interaction influences student learning. Moreover, to explore what really matters in the students learning process, a model was tested how the generally known important constructs-prior performance, motivation and social integration-relate to informal social interaction and student learning. 301 undergraduate medical students participated in this cross-sectional quantitative study. Informal social interaction was assessed using self-reported surveys following the network approach. Students' individual motivation, social integration and prior performance were assessed by the Academic Motivation Scale, the College Adaption Questionnaire and students' GPA respectively. A factual knowledge test represented student' learning. All social networks were positively associated with student learning significantly: friendships (? = 0.11), providing information to other students (? = 0.16), receiving information from other students (? = 0.25). Structural equation modelling revealed a model in which social networks increased student learning (r = 0.43), followed by prior performance (r = 0.31). In contrast to prior literature, students' academic motivation and social integration were not associated with students' learning. Students' informal social interaction is strongly associated with students' learning. These findings underline the need to change our focus from the formal context (classroom) to the informal context to optimize student learning and deliver modern medics. PMID:22294429

Hommes, J; Rienties, B; de Grave, W; Bos, G; Schuwirth, L; Scherpbier, A

2012-12-01

469

Qualitative Analysis of Commercial Social Network Profiles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social-networking sites have become an integral part of many users' daily internet routine. Commercial enterprises have been quick to recognize this and are subsequently creating profiles for many of their products and services. Commercial enterprises use social network profiles to target and interact with potential customers as well as to provide a gateway for users of the product or service to interact with each other. Many commercial enterprises use the statistics from their product or service's social network profile to tout the popularity and success of the product or service being showcased. They will use statistics such as number of friends, number of daily visits, number of interactions, and other similar measurements to quantify their claims. These statistics are often not a clear indication of the true popularity and success of the product. In this chapter the term product is used to refer to any tangible or intangible product, service, celebrity, personality, film, book, or other entity produced by a commercial enterprise.

Melendez, Lester; Wolfson, Ouri; Adjouadi, Malek; Rishe, Naphtali

470

Assessing group interaction with social language network analysis.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we discuss a new methodology, social language network analysis (SLNA), that combines tools from social language processing and network analysis to assess socially situated working relationships within a group. Specifically, SLNA aims to identify and characterize the nature of working relationships by processing artifacts generated with computer-mediated communication systems, such as instant message texts or emails. Because social language processing is able to identify psychological, social, and emotional processes that individuals are not able to fully mask, social language network analysis can clarify and highlight complex interdependencies between group members, even when these relationships are latent or unrecognized.

Pennebaker, James (UT Austin); Scholand, Andrew Joseph; Tausczik, Yla R. (UT Austin)

2010-04-01

471

School?based Intervention for Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects on academic, social, and behavioural functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) exhibit significant academic, social, and behavioural difficulties in school settings. This article reviews empirical findings regarding the effects of classroom interventions for students with ADHD. Three major types of interventions are reviewed including behavioural (e.g., token reinforcement, response cost), academic (e.g., peer tutoring), and social (e.g., social skills training). Relatively strong evidence supports

George J. DuPaul; Lisa L. Weyandt

2006-01-01

472

Improving Family Forest Knowledge Transfer through Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To better engage Maine's family forest landowners our study used social network analysis: a computational social science method for identifying stakeholders, evaluating models of engagement, and targeting areas for enhanced partnerships. Interviews with researchers associated with a research center were conducted to identify how social network

Gorczyca, Erika L.; Lyons, Patrick W.; Leahy, Jessica E.; Johnson, Teresa R.; Straub, Crista L.

2012-01-01

473

Optimizing Offline Access to Social Network Content on Mobile Devices  

E-print Network

social networks on their smartphones [1] and often this is the reason why they purchase smartphonesOptimizing Offline Access to Social Network Content on Mobile Devices Ngoc Do1, Ye Zhao1, Shu-Chu, Taiwan Abstract--In this paper, we explore the problem of supporting efficient access to social media

Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

474

Solutions to Security and Privacy Issues in Mobile Social Networking  

E-print Network

intended. In particular, increased use of smartphones capable of running applications which access socialSolutions to Security and Privacy Issues in Mobile Social Networking Aaron Beach, Mike Gartrell Abstract--Social network information is now being used in ways for which it may have not been originally

Han, Richard Y.

475

Bridging the gap between physical location and online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the location traces of 489 users of a location sharing social network for relationships between the users' mobility patterns and structural properties of their underlying social network. We introduce a novel set of location-based features for analyzing the social context of a geographic region, including location entropy, which measures the diversity of unique visitors of a location.

Justin Cranshaw; Eran Toch; Jason I. Hong; Aniket Kittur; Norman Sadeh

2010-01-01

476

Dynamic Structural Equation Models for Tracking Cascades Over Social Networks  

E-print Network

of the topology plays a crucial role for several reasons e.g., when social media advertisers select a small setDynamic Structural Equation Models for Tracking Cascades Over Social Networks Brian Baingana and leveraging the sparse connectivity inherent to social networks, edge weights are estimated by minimizing

Pratt, Vaughan

477

Social Networking Technologies: A "Poke" for Campus Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handwritten notes, meeting for coffee, eye contact, a handshake, a smile--are these social practices of yesteryear, soon to be replaced by the "wall posts" and "pokes" of today's social networking technologies? Although advances in social networking technologies allow for new and perhaps more efficient means of learning and communicating, they…

Berg, Joanne; Berquam, Lori; Christoph, Kathy

2007-01-01

478

The role of social networks in students' learning experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to investigate the role of social networks in computer science education. The Internet shows great potential for enhancing collaboration between people and the role of social software has become increasingly rele- vant in recent years. This research focuses on analyzing the role that social networks play in students' learning experi- ences. The construction of

Ilaria Liccardi; Asma Ounnas; Reena Pau; Elizabeth Massey; Päivi Kinnunen; Sarah Lewthwaite; Marie-anne Midy; Chandan Sarkar

2007-01-01

479

Transfer of Training: Adding Insight through Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews studies which apply a social network perspective to examine transfer of training. The theory behind social networks focuses on the interpersonal mechanisms and social structures that exist among interacting units such as people within an organization. A premise of this perspective is that individual's behaviors and outcomes…

Van den Bossche, Piet; Segers, Mien

2013-01-01

480

Improving Student Engagement Using Course-Based Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposes an engagement model that supports use of course-based online social networks for engaging student, and hence, improving their educational outcomes. This research demonstrates that instructors who create course-based online social networks to communicate with students can increase the student engagement in these online social

Imlawi, Jehad Mohammad

2013-01-01

481

Exploring social network effects on popularity biases in recommender systems  

E-print Network

- ty and different configurations of social behavior. Keywords Popularity, social networks, evaluationExploring social network effects on popularity biases in recommender systems Rocío Cañamares Informática {rocio.canamares,pablo.castells}@uam.es ABSTRACT Recommending items ranked by popularity has been

482

Hierarchical Cooperative Caching in Mobile Opportunistic Social Networks  

E-print Network

of the nodes in the network. With the popularization of smart phones, mobile opportunistic social networks (MOSNs), a new type of DTN, becomes popular. In MOSNs, the individuals carrying smart phones walk aroundHierarchical Cooperative Caching in Mobile Opportunistic Social Networks Yunsheng Wang Dept

Wu, Jie

483

Modelling inter-contact times in social pervasive networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thanks to the diffusion of mobile user devices (e.g. smartphones) with rich computing and networking capabilities, we are witnessing an increasing integration between the cyber world of devices and the physical world of users. In this perspective, a possible evolution of pervasive networking (hereafter referred to as social pervasive networks, SPNs) consists in closely mapping human social structures in the

Andrea Passarella; Marco Conti; Chiara Boldrini; Robin I. M. Dunbar

2011-01-01

484

Real-time geo influence in social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

F Exponential burst of real-time information generated through Social Media Networks in recent years, creates a hot ubiquitous platform for research among data scientists. Main area under spotlight in Social Networks Analysis (SNA) is friendship networks, user influence and computation of how deep and how fast the information diffuses. Amidst recent upsurge in Smartphone usage statistics, there is spectacular rise

Tushar Rao; Sushama Nagpal

2011-01-01

485

Stottelaar et al. Online Social Sports Networks as Crime  

E-print Network

Stottelaar et al. RESEARCH Online Social Sports Networks as Crime Facilitators Bas Stottelaar inadvertently disclose their home address more often indirectly via online sports tracking networks than.03%) were located via RunKeeper and 122 (23.78%) via other Internet (i.e. non-social sports network) sources

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

486

The ties that lead: A social network approach to leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates, for leadership research, the implications of new directions in social network theory that emphasize networks as both cognitive structures in the minds of organizational members and opportunity structures that facilitate and constrain action. We introduce the four core ideas at the heart of the network research program: the importance of relations, actors' embeddedness, the social utility of

Prasad Balkundi; Martin Kilduff

2006-01-01

487

Dynamic social networks promote cooperation in experiments with humans  

E-print Network

and leading to substantial changes in network structure. Our experiments confirm the pre- dictions of a set and highly organized. Human interactions are not random but rather are structured in social networks. Importantly, ties in these networks often are dynamic, changing in response to the behavior of one's social

Rand, David G.

488

Chic or Social: Visual Popularity Analysis in Online Fashion Networks  

E-print Network

Chic or Social: Visual Popularity Analysis in Online Fashion Networks Kota Yamaguchi Tohoku in a large real-world network focused on fashion. We make use of state of the art computer vision techniques Terms Experimentation, Human Factors, Measurement Keywords Social multimedia, Online fashion networks 1

Berg, Tamara L.

489

Social Networks and Careers of Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of the general population indicate that social networks influence a person's employment situation and career, especially in regard to how a person finds and gets a good job. Recent studies suggest that networks may function in similar ways for people with certain disabilities. In order to learn about the role that social networks played in…

Eisenman, Laura T.

2007-01-01

490

Strategies for the Diffusion of Innovations on Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the spread of innovations on a social network. The network consists of agents that are exposed to the introduction of a new product. Consumers decide whether or not to buy the product based on their own preferences and the decisions of their neighbors in the social network. We use and extend concepts from the literature on epidemics and

Floortje Alkemade; Carolina Castaldi

2005-01-01

491

On-light: optical social network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks are a recent phenomenon of communication, with a high prevalence of young users. This concept serves as a motto for a multidisciplinary project, which aims to create a simple communication network, using light as the transmission medium. Mixed team, composed by students from secondary and higher education schools, are partners on the development of an optical transceiver. A LED lamp array and a small photodiode are the optical transmitter and receiver, respectively. Using several transceivers aligned with each other, this configuration creates a ring communication network, enabling the exchange of messages between users. Through this project, some concepts addressed in physics classes from secondary schools (e.g. photoelectric phenomena and the properties of light) are experimentally verified and used to communicate, in a classroom or a laboratory.

Dionísio, Rogério P.

2014-07-01

492

Communication Dynamics in Finite Capacity Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In communication networks, structure and dynamics are tightly coupled. The structure controls the flow of information and is itself shaped by the dynamical process of information exchanged between nodes. In order to reconcile structure and dynamics, a generic model, based on the local interaction between nodes, is considered for the communication in large social networks. In agreement with data from a large human organization, we show that the flow is non-Markovian and controlled by the temporal limitations of individuals. We confirm the versatility of our model by predicting simultaneously the degree-dependent node activity, the balance between information input and output of nodes, and the degree distribution. Finally, we quantify the limitations to network analysis when it is based on data sampled over a finite period of time.

Haerter, Jan O.; Jamtveit, Bjørn; Mathiesen, Joachim

2012-10-01

493

Recruitment dynamics in adaptive social networks  

PubMed Central

We model recruitment in adaptive social networks in the presence of birth and death processes. Recruitment is characterized by nodes changing their status to that of the recruiting class as a result of contact with recruiting nodes. Only a susceptible subset of nodes can be recruited. The recruiting individuals may adapt their connections in order to improve recruitment capabilities, thus changing the network structure adaptively. We derive a mean field theory to predict the dependence of the growth threshold of the recruiting class on the adaptation parameter. Furthermore, we investigate the effect of adaptation on the recruitment level, as well as on network topology. The theoretical predictions are compared with direct simulations of the full system. We identify two parameter regimes with qualitatively different bifurcation diagrams depending on whether nodes become susceptible frequently (multiple times in their lifetime) or rarely (much less than once per lifetime). PMID:25395989

Shkarayev, Maxim S.; Schwartz, Ira B.; Shaw, Leah B.

2013-01-01

494

The Effect of Social Interaction on Learning Engagement in a Social Networking Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of social interactions among a class of undergraduate students on their learning engagement in a social networking environment. Thirteen undergraduate students enrolled in a course in a university in Hong Kong used an Elgg-based social networking platform throughout a semester to develop their digital portfolios…

Lu, Jie; Churchill, Daniel

2014-01-01

495

Measuring media-based social interactions provided by smartphone applications in social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing varieties of applications for smartphones allow users to post (upload) multimedia content and interact in social networks. Usually modeled as a graph, social networks are achieved for applying data mining techniques in the analysis of social relations among users. However, these analyses do not make explicit which actions are performed, which types of medias and users' applications for mobile

Alan Keller Gomes; Maria da Graça Campos Pimentel

2011-01-01

496

A theoretical model of intentional social action in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networks (Facebook, MySpace, LinkedIn and the like) have become truly significant new phenomena in human communication and interaction patterns and may have a profound impact in the way people communicate and connect with each other. In this study, the decision to use an online social network is conceptualized as intentional social action and the relative impact of the

Christy M. K. Cheung; Matthew K. O. Lee

2010-01-01

497

New Generation of Social Networks Based on Semantic Web Technologies: the Importance of Social Data Portability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates several well-known social network applications such as Last.fm, Flickr and identifies social data portability as one of the main technical issues that need to be addressed in the future. We argue that this issue can be addressed by building social networks as Semantic Web applications with FOAF, SIOC, and Linked Data technologies, and prove it by implementing

Liana Razmerita; Rokas Firantas

2009-01-01

498

Navigating Social Networking and Social Media in School Psychology: Ethical and Professional Considerations in Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking and social media have undoubtedly proliferated within the past decade, allowing widespread communication and dissemination of user-generated content and information. Some psychology graduate programs, including school psychology, have started to embrace social networking and media for instructional and training purposes; however,…

Pham, Andy V.

2014-01-01

499

A generational comparison of social networking site use: the influence of age and social identity.  

PubMed

An online survey (N=256) compared social networking site (SNS) use among younger (millennial: 18-29) and older (baby-boomer: 41-64) subscribers focusing on the influence of collective self-esteem and group identity on motives for SNS use. Younger participants reported higher positive collective self-esteem, social networking site use for peer communication, and social compensation. Regardless of age, participants reporting high collective self-esteem and group identity were more likely to use social networking sites for peer communication and social identity gratifications, while those reporting negative collective self-esteem were more likely to use social networking sites for social compensation. The theoretical implications of the strong relationship between social identity gratifications and social compensation are discussed. PMID:22808625

Barker, Valerie

2012-01-01

500

The Social Fabric of Elementary Schools: A Network Typology of Social Interaction among Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While researchers are currently studying various forms of social network interaction among teachers for their impact on educational policy implementation and practice, knowledge on how various types of networks are interrelated is limited. The goal of this study is to understand the dimensionality that may underlie various types of social networks

Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.; Karsten, Sjoerd; Daly, Alan J.

2012-01-01