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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

CAC on a MAC: Setting up a DOD Common Access Card Reader on the Macintosh OS X Operating System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Naval Postgraduate School, along with many other Department of Defense (DoD) organizations, utilizes the ActivCard USB Common Access Card (CAC) readers. The CAC readers in conjunction with the user's Smart Card enables access to DoD PKI-enabled w...

P. Hopfner

2006-01-01

2

Card Access Know-How.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides tips for expanding a school's card access system and making it more productive for all concerned. Tips include the use of electronic locks for better security; the need for state-of-the-art card reader system to save money in the long run; selecting vendors to one that manufactures, installs, and supports the card system; and having…

College Planning & Management, 2000

2000-01-01

3

What's Hot--and Not--in Card Access Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four uses of newer card access systems on college campuses: stored value, entitlement, access control, and vending. Discusses the continued reluctance of schools to move to cards containing computer chips rather than simply magnetic stripes. (EV)

Sturgeon, Julie

2002-01-01

4

What's Hot--and Not--in Card Access Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes four uses of newer card access systems on college campuses: stored value, entitlement, access control, and vending. Discusses the continued reluctance of schools to move to cards containing computer chips rather than simply magnetic stripes. (EV)|

Sturgeon, Julie

2002-01-01

5

CARDS (COMPUTER ACCESS TO RESEARCH ON DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS)  

EPA Science Inventory

CARDS stands for Computer Access to Research on Dietary Supplements. It is a database of federally funded research projects pertaining to dietary supplements. Currently, CARDS contains projects funded by the Institutes and Centers (ICs) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) ...

6

77 FR 73455 - Transportation Workers Identification Card (TWIC) Removal for Commercial Users To Access...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of the Army Transportation Workers Identification Card (TWIC) Removal for Commercial Users To Access Electronic Transportation...has determined that the Transportation Workers Identification Card (TWIC) PKI certificate cannot be used to authenticate...

2012-12-10

7

The Smart Card concept applied to access control  

SciTech Connect

Passwords tend to be handled carelessly, and so are easily lost or stolen. Because they are intangible, their loss or theft generally goes unnoticed. Because they are constant, they may be used by anyone for as long as they remain in active use by a legitimate user. A step up in password security is offered by a new range of products which generate a new code each time the device is used. Devices are being produced in packages as small as a standard plastic credit card, including internal battery power, integral keyboard and LCD display. Security features of the Smart Card are reviewed, and several random access code generators currently available in the commercial marketplace are described.

Seidman, S.

1986-01-01

8

Efficient bandwidth management in Broadband Wireless Access Systems using CAC-based dynamic pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the demand for mobile broadband wireless services continues to increase, radio resources remain scarce. Even with the substantial increase in the supported bandwidth in next generation Broadband Wireless Access Systems (BWASs), it is expected that these systems will severely suffer from congestion due to the rapid increase in demand of bandwidth intensive applications. Without efficient bandwidth management and congestion

Bader Al-manthari; Nidal Nasser; Najah A. Abu Ali; Hossam S. Hassanein

2008-01-01

9

Playing the Smart Card.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Enhanced magnetic strip cards and "smart cards" offer varied service options to college students. Enhanced magnetic strip cards serve as cash cards and provide access to services. Smart cards, which resemble credit cards but contain a microchip, can be used as phone cards, bus passes, library cards, admission tickets, point-of-sale debit cards;…

Zuzack, Christine A.

1997-01-01

10

Age verification cards fail to fully prevent minors from accessing tobacco products  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundProper age verification can prevent minors from accessing tobacco products. For this reason, electronic locking devices based on a proof-of age system utilising cards were installed in almost every tobacco vending machine across Japan and Germany to restrict sales to minors.ObjectiveWe aimed to clarify the associations between amount smoked by high school students and the usage of age verification cards

Hideyuki Kanda; Yoneatsu Osaki; Takashi Ohida; Yoshitaka Kaneita; Takeshi Munezawa

2010-01-01

11

Credit-Card Bill Seeks to Protect Students but Could Limit Their Access to Credit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Congress passed legislation last week that would shield students and other consumers from sudden spikes in interest rates and fees, but that could make it harder for young people to access credit to pay for college. The legislation would extend broad new consumer protections to all credit-card holders, offering special protections to college…

Field, Kelly

2009-01-01

12

Smart Cards and PC Cards.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document introduces both smart cards and PC cards and covers some of their relevant applications to information security. This includes their use in access control, as portable secure storage for cryptographic keys and for computing cryptographic fun...

M. Henderson

1999-01-01

13

Understanding Credit Card Liquidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the growth of credit card liquidity in explaining household credit card use. With data from the 2004 Survey of Consumer Finances we identify key predictors of new credit card charges for households. The data suggest credit card spending appears motivated by low-cost access to credit card liquidity. This is consistent with previous research arguing credit card use

Ryan R. Brady

2008-01-01

14

802.11 Wireless Network End-User Authentication Using Common Access Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Defense (DoD) and the US Army are actively incorporating public key infrastructure (PKI) authentication as it aligns with organizational and security goals. This paper explains the current authentication methods as implemented in 802.11-based wireless networks, the concept of operation for CAC authentication over wireless networks, the challenges associated with the process, possible solutions, and best practices for

B. DeBow; K. Syed

2006-01-01

15

Data acquisition card for fluctuation correlation spectroscopy allowing full access to the detected photon sequence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Typically, fluctuation correlation spectroscopy (FCS) data acquisition cards measure the number of photon events per time interval (i.e., bin)-time mode. Commercial FCS cards combine the bins through hardware in order to calculate the autocorrelation function. Such a design therefore does not yield the time resolved photon sequence, but only the autocorrelation of that sequence. A different acquisition method which measures the number of time intervals between photon events has been implemented-photon mode. This method takes advantage of the fact that in FCS the rate of photon counts is much less than the frequency of the clock that is used to determine the temporal location of the photons. By using this new mode of data acquisition, the current card design allows for 25 ns time resolution. The data acquisition card can operate in both time and photon mode and yields the time resolved sequence of photon arrivals in both cases. Therefore, the data is available for analysis by any method(s), such as but not limited to, autocorrelation, photon counting histogram, and higher order autocorrelation.

Eid, John S.; Müller, Joachim D.; Gratton, Enrico

2000-02-01

16

Inequality of Access to Educational Resources: A National Report Card for Eighth-Grade Math.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers social and ethnic inequity in access to resources for mathematics learning in eighth grade using data from 41 states and territories participating in the 1992 Trial State Assessment of the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Findings indicate that state differences in access to key educational resources are important. (SLD)

Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Fotiu, Randall P.; Cheong, Yuk Fai

1998-01-01

17

Pirate Card Rejection  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Renewable security cards provide the primary security protection in conditional access (CA) systems. Since the legitimate\\u000a cards are intended to be inexpensive to produce, easy to distribute, and user-installable via externally accessible slots,\\u000a sales of counterfeit cards may offer the pirate a profitable business. However, since the legitimate infrastructure is likely\\u000a to be backed by a significant operating budget, it

David M. Goldschlag; David W. Kravitz

1998-01-01

18

Superconductivity of Bulk CaC6  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have obtained bulk samples of the graphite intercalation compound, CaC6, by a novel method of synthesis from highly oriented pyrolytic graphite. The crystal structure has been completely determined showing that it is the only member of the MC6, metal-graphite compounds that has rhombohedral symmetry. We have clearly shown the occurrence of superconductivity in the bulk sample at 11.5 K,

N. Emery; C. Hérold; M. D'Astuto; V. Garcia; Ch. Bellin; J. F. Marêché; P. Lagrange; G. Loupias

2005-01-01

19

It's in the Cards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how the use of electronic access-control system enables college and universities to provide a safer environment for students and staff. The advantages of no-key doors, adapting entry card systems for multiple uses, and successfully retaining lock and key systems when facilities do not lend themselves to electronic security are discussed.…

Kennedy, Mike

2000-01-01

20

A Type System for Checking Applet Isolation in Java Card  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Java Card applet is, in general, not allowed to access elds and methods of other applets on the same smart card. This applet iso- lation property is enforced by dynamic checks in the Java Card Virtual Machine. This paper describes a rened type system for Java Card that enables static checking of applet isolation. With this type system, rew

Werner Dietl; Peter M; Arnd Poetzsch-Heter

21

A Type System for Checking Applet Isolation in Java Card  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. A Java Card applet is, in general, not allowed to access elds and methods of other applets on the same smart card. This applet iso- lation property is enforced by dynamic,checks in the Java Card Virtual Machine. This paper describes a rened,type system for Java Card that enables static checking of applet isolation. With this type system, rew all

Werner Dietl; Peter Müller; Arnd Poetzsch-heffter

2004-01-01

22

Access Denied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building access control (BAC)--a catchall phrase to describe the systems that control access to facilities across campus--has traditionally been handled with remarkably low-tech solutions: (1) manual locks; (2) electronic locks; and (3) ID cards with magnetic strips. Recent improvements have included smart cards and keyless solutions that make…

Villano, Matt

2008-01-01

23

CardWeb  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ram Research Group's CardWeb Inc. strives to provide comparative information on a variety of US payment cards for consumers and competitive card industry information for executives. On-site tools for consumers include monthly surveys of credit card deals (CardTrak), a national database of bank credit card issuers (CardLocator), and a guide to payment card types and terms (CardLearn), among others. Executives in the payment industry may benefit from a daily news service of business payment card happenings (CardFlash), financial data on the card industry and its players (CardData), and links to current payment card-advertising campaigns (CardWatch) for comparison and analysis.

24

Framework for development of CAD\\/CAC systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a framework for the development of Computer-Aided-Design\\/Computer-Aided-Construction (CAD\\/CAC) systems. A description of the proposed CAD\\/CAC systems is provided. The proposed system contains software tools related to (1) conceptual design, (2) structural and foundation analysis, (3) design of structural components, (4) routine geometric, mathematical, and optimization functions, (5) construction management, (6) Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP), (7) process

Raghavan Kunigahalli; Jeffrey S. Russell

1995-01-01

25

Age of Majority Cards and Drinking among Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined use of age of majority cards (identification indicating legal drinking age status in Ontario) among 3,395 secondary school students. Found card status to be significantly related to frequency of alcohol use, problems, and place of drinking. Found little evidence that age of majority cards are an effective device for limiting access of…

Smart, Reginald G.; Adlaf, Edward M.

1987-01-01

26

Personal medical information system using laser card  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The well-known hospital information system (HIS) and the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) are typical applications of multimedia to medical area. This paper proposes a personal medical information save-and-carry system using a laser card. This laser card is very useful, especially in emergency situations, because the medical information in the laser card can be read at anytime and anywhere if there exists a laser card reader/writer. The contents of the laser card include the clinical histories of a patient such as clinical chart, exam result, diagnostic reports, images, and so on. The purpose of this system is not a primary diagnosis, but emergency reference of clinical history of the patient. This personal medical information system consists of a personal computer integrated with laser card reader/writer, color frame grabber, color CCD camera and a high resolution image scanner optionally. Window-based graphical user interface was designed for easy use. The laser card has relatively sufficient capacity to store the personal medical information, and has fast access speed to restore and load the data with a portable size as compact as a credit card. Database items of laser card provide the doctors with medical data such as laser card information, patient information, clinical information, and diagnostic result information.

Cho, Seong H.; Kim, Keun H.; Choi, Hyung-Sik; Park, Hyun W.

1996-04-01

27

From Card Catalog to Website  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Organization and inventorying of the collection is an ongoing project. The Denver Library is converting card catalog records and inventory documents into a web accessible database in which inventories may be searched by keyword or browsed by scientist. The new website went live for USGS and public u...

2009-04-09

28

RFID access authorization by face recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

RFID identification has been widely adopted in access control. This kind of card or tag based approaches has a major drawback that anyone could get access with the card. In this work, we propose a neural network based face recognition system as the second access control to make sure the person granted access matches the ID on the RFID card.

Bing-Zhong Jing; DANIEL S. YEUNG; WING W. Y. NG; Hai-Lan Ding; Dong-Liang Wu; Qian-Cheng Wang; Jin-Cheng Li

2009-01-01

29

The 19th Century Trade Card  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the 19th century, the ever-popular trade card was a way for American businesses to effectively promote their goods and services. Some examples include a colorful business card depicting freshly caught mackerel in a net (appropriately enough for "Deep Sea Mackerel") and the Charter Oak Lawn Mower, which feature two Victorian women enjoying a leisurely mowing session in a pastoral setting. This online collection was created by Harvard Business School's Baker Library, which happens to have over 8000 of these cards. The online archive contains around 1000 cards which date from the 1870s to the 1890s. Visitors can search this archive via Harvard's Visual Information Access (VIA) union catalog which will allow them to focus in on subjects of particular interest. Finally, visitors can also avail themselves of the site's digital exhibition entitled "A New and Wonderful Invention: The Nineteenth-Century American Trade Card".

30

Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let

31

TOPICAL REVIEW: Synthesis and superconducting properties of CaC6  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the superconducting graphite intercalation compounds, CaC6 exhibits the highest critical temperature Tc=11.5 K. Bulk samples of CaC6 are obtained by immersing highly oriented pyrographite pieces in a well-chosen liquid Li-Ca alloy for 10 days at 350 °C. The crystal structure of CaC6 belongs to the R\\\\bar{3}m space group. In order to study the superconducting properties of CaC6, magnetisation was

Nicolas Emery; Claire Hérold; Jean-François Marêché; Philippe Lagrange

2008-01-01

32

Smart cards: a specific application in the hospital.  

PubMed

Computers have the ability to process and access tremendous amounts of information in our daily lives. But, now, individuals have this ability by carrying a smart card in their own wallets. These cards provide us the versatility, power, and security of computers. This study begins with a short description of smart cards and their advantages. Then, an electronic circuit that is designed for healthcare application in hospitals is introduced. This circuit functions as a smart card holder identifier, access controller for hospital doors and also can be used as a smart card reader/writer. Design steps of this electronic circuit, operation principles, serial communication with P.C., and the software are examined. Finally a complete access control network for hospital doors that functions with smart cards is discussed. PMID:9871875

Güler, I; Zengin, R M; Sönmez, M

1998-12-01

33

Smart card technology  

SciTech Connect

This report describes smart card techonology and applications, including the use of smart cards as smart badges. The paper illustrates that smart cards are designed with security features, which makes them suitable for security applications. But smart cards also provide multiple functions, so they can support additional applications. The goal of this paper is to inform about the technology, and to inspire thought about possible applications that would benefit if a smart badge were implemented.

Nelson, R.A.

1992-09-01

34

Inspiration card workshops  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we start from the position that sources of inspiration play an important role in the design process albeit in a frequently intangible way. We present the Inspiration Card Workshop as a collaborative method for combining findings from domain studies, represented in Domain Cards, with sources of inspiration from applications of technology, represented in Technology Cards, to create

Kim Halskov; Peter Dalsgård

2006-01-01

35

Anonymous Internet Credit Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

In credit based payment systems, con dential data such as PIN and credit card number embedded in an electronic credit card must be protected. The authenticity of an electronic credit card in a payment process is normally achieved through an on-line trusted server such as a nancial institution that runs the payment system. This paper considers some novel secure electronic

Yi Mu; Vijay Varadharajan

36

The Trade Card Place  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Author and collector Ben Crane maintains The Trade Card Place for "all who are interested in Victorian Trade Cards used to advertise American goods and services during the late 1800s." Although the site is geared toward collectors, hosting dealer, collector, and organization directories for the potential Victorian Trade Card buyer, advertising students may also be interested, as Crane includes articles on trade card history and, in his Victorian Scrapbook archive, has posted thumbnail images of cards on subjects ranging from beverages and clothing to toys and tobacco.

1996-01-01

37

Pressure-induced superconductivity in CaC2.  

PubMed

Carbon can exist as isolated dumbbell, 1D chain, 2D plane, and 3D network in carbon solids or carbon-based compounds, which attributes to its rich chemical binding way, including sp-, sp(2)-, and sp(3)-hybridized bonds. sp(2)-hybridizing carbon always captures special attention due to its unique physical and chemical property. Here, using an evolutionary algorithm in conjunction with ab initio method, we found that, under compression, dumbbell carbon in CaC2 can be polymerized first into 1D chain and then into ribbon and further into 2D graphite sheet at higher pressure. The C2/m structure transforms into an orthorhombic Cmcm phase at 0.5 GPa, followed by another orthorhombic Immm phase, which is stabilized in a wide pressure range of 15.2-105.8 GPa and then forced into MgB2-type phase with wide range stability up to at least 1 TPa. Strong electron-phonon coupling ? in compressed CaC2 is found, in particular for Immm phase, which has the highest ? value (0.562-0.564) among them, leading to its high superconducting critical temperature Tc (7.9?9.8 K), which is comparable with the 11.5 K value of CaC6. Our results show that calcium not only can stabilize carbon sp(2) hybridization at a larger range of pressure but also can contribute in superconducting behavior, which would further ignite experimental and theoretical interest in alkaline-earth metal carbides to uncover their peculiar physical properties under extreme conditions. PMID:23690580

Li, Yan-Ling; Luo, Wei; Zeng, Zhi; Lin, Hai-Qing; Mao, Ho-kwang; Ahuja, Rajeev

2013-05-20

38

Printed circuit card hybrid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A hybrid connector is presented whereby both electrical and fiber optic cables are connected to a printed circuit card. The connector consists of a female half which contains a plurality of fiber optic contact inserts molded into the connector, and also female electrical connections. The male half of the connector is an integral part of a printed circuit card constructed to contain male fiber optical contact inserts in addition to the standard plated electrical male type contact points. Both halves of the connector may be fitted with removable and interchangeable fiber optic contacts, radio frequency contacts, and/or power pins in addition to the standard printed circuit card contacts for wire wrap or solder connections. The printed circuit card hybrid fiber optic connector presented here provides normal card installation and removal of fiber optic interconnects from standard card cages or other boards without threading or other special engaging mechanisms.

Flores, Arnold

1986-07-01

39

Analyzing Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Low CAC Scores by 64-Slice MDCT  

PubMed Central

Purpose. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) scores are widely used to determine risk for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). A CAC score does not have the diagnostic accuracy needed for CAD. This work uses a novel efficient approach to predict CAD in patients with low CAC scores. Materials and Methods. The study group comprised 86 subjects who underwent a screening health examination, including laboratory testing, CAC scanning, and cardiac angiography by 64-slice multidetector computed tomographic angiography. Eleven physiological variables and three personal parameters were investigated in proposed model. Logistic regression was applied to assess the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of when using individual variables and CAC score. Meta-analysis combined physiological and personal parameters by logistic regression. Results. The diagnostic sensitivity of the CAC score was 14.3% when the CAC score was ?30. Sensitivity increased to 57.13% using the proposed model. The statistically significant variables, based on beta values and P values, were family history, LDL-c, blood pressure, HDL-c, age, triglyceride, and cholesterol. Conclusions. The CAC score has low negative predictive value for CAD. This work applied a novel prediction method that uses patient information, including physiological and society parameters. The proposed method increases the accuracy of CAC score for predicting CAD.

Lu, Nan-Han; Yeh, Lee-Ren; Chen, Tai-Been; Huang, Yung-Hui; Kuo, Chung-Ming; Ding, Hueisch-Jy

2012-01-01

40

Monumental Court Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Card playing is a popular pastime in many cultures, including games like bridge, gin rummy, and 52-pickup. In this article, the author describes an art project inspired by the unique designs on the face cards and the intricate art of the overall design. (Contains 1 online resource.)|

Long, Caroline

2010-01-01

41

Printed circuit card hybrid  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hybrid connector is presented whereby both electrical and fiber optic cables are connected to a printed circuit card. The connector consists of a female half which contains a plurality of fiber optic contact inserts molded into the connector, and also female electrical connections. The male half of the connector is an integral part of a printed circuit card constructed

Arnold Flores

1986-01-01

42

Enhancing Airport Access Control Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes the use of biometric features in contactless smart cards (CSC) to enhance airport access control security. It looks at biometric features like the user's fingerprint, face or iris to provide verification of the person presenting the card for access to a facility, or use of an application. The paper also suggests possible use of device features like

M. W. David

2002-01-01

43

MCNP6 Fission Multiplicity with FMULT Card  

SciTech Connect

With the merger of MCNPX and MCNP5 into MCNP6, MCNP6 now provides all the capabilities of both codes allowing the user to access all the fission multiplicity data sets. Detailed in this paper is: (1) the new FMULT card capabilities for accessing these different data sets; (2) benchmark calculations, as compared to experiment, detailing the results of selecting these separate data sets for thermal neutron induced fission on U-235.

Wilcox, Trevor [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fensin, Michael Lorne [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hendricks, John S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; James, Michael R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McKinney, Gregg W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-18

44

Report Cards and Nursing Homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: We first describe which states have pro- duced nursing home report cards; second, we compare what information is provided in these report cards; third, we identify data sources used to produce the report cards; and, finally, we examine seven factors previously shown to be associated with the usefulness of report-card information and provide several examples from current reporting efforts

Nicholas G. Castle; Timothy J. Lowe

2005-01-01

45

Report Cards and Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: We first describe which states have produced nursing home report cards; second, we compare what information is provided in these report cards; third, we identify data sources used to produce the report cards; and, finally, we examine seven factors previously shown to be associated with the usefulness of report-card information and…

Castle, Nicholas G.; Lowe, Timothy J.

2005-01-01

46

Diabetes Report Card  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... the lower right-hand corner of the player. Diabetes Report Card HealthDay April 25, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Blood Sugar Cholesterol Diabetes Transcript Managing diabetes is a daily challenge. Now, ...

47

Card Sort Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson explores the relationship between motor response time and cognitive load, using a simple deck of playing cards. It offers opportunity to explore data analysis and critique experimental design.

Dr. Janet M Dubinsky (University of Minnesota Neuroscience)

2011-04-23

48

Comparing Fractions War Card Game  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math activity, learners practice comparing fractions. Learners use special cards (included in PDF) to play a card game similar to "War." Players each flip over a card and compare them to see who has the greater fraction. The person with the greater fraction collects that card pair. The object of the game is to collect the most card pairs by the end of the game.

Lessonplans, Utah

2012-10-22

49

Inventor Baseball Cards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will use reference materials to make a baseball card of an inventor and their invention. Students will use reference materials to make a baseball card of an inventor and their invention. Students can look up various inventions and the inventor at 20th century timeline or Inventors or newsweek inventions. Students can, also, use serendipitous inventions that we discovered unintentionally Serendipity. Students will need to give biographical data ...

Mckinnon

2009-06-11

50

Credit Card Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this example, students are asked to obtain a credit card disclosure statement, identify the various interest rates and payment rules, and keep track of a revolving monthly balance under several payment scenarios. While modeling several months to a year of credit card statements is easily accomplished with pencil, paper, and a basic calculator, this example is also well-suited for analysis with a spreadsheet.

Boersma, Stuart

51

Search for the most stable Ca@C44 isomer: structural stability and electronic property investigations.  

PubMed

Stimulated by the mass spectroscopic observation of the metallofullerene Ca@C(44), we have performed a systematic investigation to search for the most stable isomer using HF/3-21G approximately LanL2DZ, HF/6-31+G(d), B3LYP/6-31+G(d), and MP2/6-31+G(d)//B3LYP/6-31+G(d) methods. The Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) isomer with eight adjacent pentagons in the fullerene framework is predicted to possess the lowest energy. The thermodynamics stability explorations of Ca@C(44) isomers at different temperatures show that Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) is the most thermodynamically stable in the temperature range of absolute zero to 4000 K. The encapsulation of Ca atom in C(44) fullerene is exothermic, and the electronic structure of Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) can be described formally as Ca(2+)@C(44) (2-). Further analysis on the frontier molecular orbitals and density of states of Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) suggests that both highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital are carbonlike with low Ca character, and the carbon cage possesses high chemical activity. In addition, the vibrational spectrum of Ca@C(44) (D(2):53) has been simulated and analyzed to gain an insight into the metal-cage vibrations. PMID:19334870

Tang, Shu-Wei; Sun, Li-Li; Sun, Hao; Feng, Jing-Dong; Wang, Rong-Shun; Chang, Ying-Fei; Hao, Li-Zhu

2009-03-28

52

Negative regulation of ER? by a novel protein CAC1 through association with histone demethylase LSD1.  

PubMed

ER?, a critical transcriptional factor for breast cancer proliferation, is regulated by a complex binding repertoire that includes coactivators and corepressors. Here, we identified a novel class of ER? coregulator called CAC1. The CoRNR box of CAC1 was required for the binding to and inactivation of ER?. CAC1 also associated with histone demethylase LSD1 and suppressed LSD1-enhanced ER? activity. CAC1 impaired recruitment of ER? and LSD1 to the ER?-responsive promoter, leading to greater H3K9me3 accumulation. This effect was reversed by CAC1 depletion. Finally, CAC1 increased paclitaxel-induced cell death in ER?-positive MCF7 cells, which are paclitaxel-resistant. Overall, our study provides the first evidence that CAC1, associated with LSD1, functions as an ER? corepressor, implicating a potential antitumor target in ER?-positive breast cancer. PMID:23178685

Kim, JuHyun; Park, Ui-Hyun; Moon, MinO; Um, Soo-Jong; Kim, Eun-Joo

2012-11-20

53

[Personal laboratory data management system using optical card].  

PubMed

This paper describes the development and state of the medical optical card system. Recently, computerized medical information systems have been developed in many hospitals and they allow quick access and automatic processing of the patient's data in medical practice and research. However, the use of the information stored by such a system has been limited to each hospital while it is not rare for a patient to change hospitals. It is desirable to develop a personal medical data management system which allows the patient to carry his own medical records for a long period of time, and hospitals to share the information about the patient. The optical card is a transportable information medium with a large capacity. Since data are recorded optically with a laser beam, the card is tolerant to environmental factors such as static electricity, magnetism and impact which injure other transportable media such as IC card, magnetic stripe card and floppy disk. Therefore, the optical card suits our purpose. We developed a prototype of the medical optical card system. In our system, the card can contain character data, numerical data, two-valued image data and electrocardiographical data. In order to share laboratory data among different database systems, we defined a data descriptive language which enables complete and compact data description without any external code tables. The recorded patient data are presented in the original multi-window system, which allows the doctor to see any combination of any part of the patient's information simultaneously. PMID:2082032

Matsuto, T; Shiina, S

1990-12-01

54

Effect of CaC 2 particulates concentration on microstructure and tensile properties of elemental magnesium  

Microsoft Academic Search

CaC2 particulates reinforced magnesium materials were synthesized using a new technique—electromagnetic suspension casting(ESC). The microstructure and composition of magnesium alloys were investigated and the mechanical properties of alloys were tested. The tensile fracture surfaces were also studied by scanning electron microscopy. And the grain refinement effect of alloys was also examined. The results indicate that proper additions of CaC2 particulates

Yu-tao MA; Xing-guo ZHANG; Hai HAO

2008-01-01

55

Breastfeeding Report Card - United States, 2012  

MedlinePLUS

... Methods Breastfeeding Report Card 2013 Breastfeeding Report Card 2012 Breastfeeding Report Card 2011 Breastfeeding Report Card 2010 ... Practices Survey Questionnaires Results Scoring Algorithm HealthStyles Survey 2012 2011 2010 2009 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 ...

56

8.F Baseball Cards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: A student has had a collection of baseball cards for several years. Suppose that $B$, the number of cards in the collection, can be described as a func...

57

Store Security. Credit Card Fraud.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual, intended for use by adults and not in the high school classroom situation, presents material directed toward assisting in the reduction of credit card crime. This teaching guide is organized in three sections which deal with the nature of and major reasons for credit card fraud, the types of hot card runners, and methods of reducing…

Brockway, Jerry

58

Airport access control standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper cover a major airport security focus since the tragic events of 9\\/11; namely employee access to secure areas, and the application of new technologies (biometrics and smart cards) to enhance airport security. The significance of access controls systems to airport security is apparent by several recent studies made by US federal oversight entities, which identified \\

Christer Wilkinson; Ed Rao

2003-01-01

59

Blue Cards, Blue Prospects?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, the European Commission has proposed to introduce a new mi- gration policy instrument - Blue Cards - to attract highly skilled workers from abroad by lifting labour market restrictions, offering financial and housing ben- efits. The excludability character of human capital suggests that what is benefi- cial for receiving countries might be harmful for sending countries. This article investigates

dArtis Kancs; Pavel Ciaian

2007-01-01

60

Smart card multiple function badge  

SciTech Connect

Smart cards are credit card-sized computers with integrated data storage, an operating system to manage the data, and built-in security features that protect the data. They are used to distribute information to remote sites, providing the same or greater reliability, data integrity, and information security than a network system. However, smart cards may provide greater functionality at a lower cost than network systems. The US Department of Energy Hanford Site is developing the smart card to be used as a multiple function identification badge that will service various data management requirements on the Site. This paper discusses smart card technology and the proposed Hanford Site applications.

Nelson, R.A.

1993-06-01

61

Portable and Flexible Document Access Control Mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present and analyze portable access control mechanisms for large data repositories, in that the customized access policies are stored on a portable device (e.g., a smart card). While there are signif- icant privacy-preservation advantages to the use of smart cards anony- mously created and bought in public places (stores, libraries, etc), a major difficulty is that, for huge data

Mikhail J. Atallah; Marina Bykova

2004-01-01

62

Port Card Moduel  

SciTech Connect

The Port Card will be one link in the data acquisition system for the D0 Silicon Vertex Detector. This system consists of the following parts, starting at the detector: Silicon strip detectors are mounted in a spaceframe and wire-bonded to custom bare-die integrated circuits (SVX-II chips) that digitize the charge collected by the strips. The 128-channel chips are mounted on a High-Density Interconnect (HDI) that consists of a small flex circuit that routes control signals and eight data bits for each of three to ten chips onto a common data bus. A cable then routes this bus approximately thirty feet out from the detector to the Port Card. The Port Card houses a commercial chipset that serializes the data in real time and converts the signal into laser light impulses that are then transmitted through a multi-mode optical fiber about 150 feet to a Silicon Acquisition & Readout board (SAR). Here, the data is transformed back to parallel electrical signals that are stored in one of several banks of FIFO memories. The FIFOs place their data onto the VME backplane to a VME Buffer Driver (VBD) which stores the event data in buffers for eventual readout over a thirty-two signal ribbon cable to the Level Two Computers and subsequent tape storage. Control and sequencing of the whole operation starts with the Silicon Acquisition/Readout Controller (SARC) working in tandem with the D0 Clock System. The SARC resides in the same VME crate as the SARs, and transforms signals from the Trigger System into control codes distributed to the various Port Cards via optical fibers operating at 53 Mb/s. It is through these control codes that data taking operations such as data-acquisition, digitization, readout, and various resets can be carried out. The Port Card receives the control codes and manipulates the SVX-II chips in the proper way to effect proper data taking. There will be a total of about 700,000 channels, which translates into about 5580 SVX-II chips, 66 to 100 Port Cards, 66 to 100 SARs, and four to eight SARCs.

Utes, M.; /Fermilab

1994-05-02

63

Global Warming Wheel Card  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students construct a Global Warming Wheel Card, a hand-held tool that they can use to estimate their household's emissions of carbon dioxide and learn how they can reduce them. One side of the wheel illustrates how much carbon dioxide a household contributes to the atmosphere per year through activities such as driving a car, using energy in the home, and disposing of waste. The other side shows how changes in behavior can reduce personal emissions.

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

64

FERMI Race Card Game (formerly the GLAST Race Card Game)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This card game is based on the Fermi mission. Players compete to be the first to build the Fermi satellite and use it to observe five astronomical targets. Eighty-six custom-designed cards contain information on the various Fermi components, science and education teams, and astronomical objects. In Stage I, the players build their satellite by collecting component and "experience points" cards, and in Stage II they collect astronomical target cards. There are also offensive cards used to slow an opponent's progress and defensive cards to counter the "attacks." The game teaches players about the components of a satellite, the roles of individuals working on a satellite mission (including educators), and the obstacles that can occur in their construction.

2009-01-01

65

Solar System Trading Cards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The students will collect solar system trading cards by playing an interactive card game. They will identify the sun, planets, comets, and asteroids by answering questions about them. By playing the game, students will gain knowledge about the solar system and they will view pictures taken by the Hubble Space Telescope and other NASA missions. Students will view an image accompanied by a question with three responses. By using the computer mouse, they will chose an answer. When the response is correct, additional information about the image is provided. If an incorrect answer is chosen, students are provided with additional information before they chose a new response. A glossary of terms can be found. At the end of the game, students are assessed with a list of correctly identified solar system objects. This site includes an overview, teacher lesson plans, links to the National Science Education Standards, science background for the teacher, downloadable cards, and links to other sites. The lesson plan includes the goal/purpose, desired outcomes, prerequisites, new vocabulary, general misconceptions, preparation time, execution time, needed materials, engagement activities, step-by-step instructions, evaluation/assessment, and follow-up activities. Suggestions are given for one computer classrooms, those without computers, and home schoolers.

Storr, Alex; Space, Amazing; Mccue, Betty; Flowers, Connie; Institute, Space T.

2007-12-12

66

12 CFR 226.5a - Credit and charge card applications and solicitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.5a Credit and charge card...or by debit cards that can be used only at automated teller machines; (iv) Lines of credit accessed solely by account...

2010-01-01

67

Jefferson Lab's Trim Card II  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) uses Trim Card I power supplies to drive approximately 1900 correction magnets. These trim cards have had a long and illustrious service record. However, some of the employed technology is now obsolete, making it difficult to maintain the system and retain adequate spares. The Trim Card II is being developed to act as a transparent replacement for its aging predecessor. A modular approach has been taken in its development to facilitate the substitution of sections for future improvements and maintenance. The resulting design has been divided into a motherboard and 7 daughter cards which has also allowed for parallel development. The Trim Card II utilizes modern technologies such as a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and a microprocessor to embed trim card controls and diagnostics. These reprogrammable devices also provide the versatility to incorporate future requirements.

Trent Allison; Sarin Philip; C. Higgins; Edward Martin; William Merz

2005-05-01

68

Microfinance IdeaCard Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Microfinance IdeaCard Index is a collection of "good practices" and "inspiring ideas" drawn from microfinance initiatives in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Each IdeaCard portrays a simple, short thought on the design, development, or maintenance of a microfinance institution, and creator Hari Srinivas hopes to solicit additional ideas from interested practitioners via email to assist future projects. Currently, 53 IdeaCards are posted and submission information is available online.

Srinivas, Hari.

69

75 FR 10414 - Researcher Identification Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 3095-AB59 Researcher Identification Card AGENCY: National Archives and Records...to obtain a researcher identification card. Under the new requirements, researchers...required to obtain a researcher identification card when there is no separate research...

2010-03-08

70

Smart cards--the key to trustworthy health information systems.  

PubMed Central

Some 20 years after they were first developed, "smart cards" are set to play a crucial part in healthcare systems. Last year about a billion were supplied, mainly for use in the financial sector, but their special features make them of particular strategic importance for the health sector, where they offer a ready made solution to some key problems of security and confidentiality. This article outlines what smart cards are and why they are so important in managing health information. I discuss some of the unique features of smart cards that are of special importance in the development of secure and trustworthy health information systems. Smart cards would enable individuals' identities to be authenticated and communications to be secured and would provide the mechanisms for implementing strong security, differential access to data, and definitive audit trails. Patient cards can also with complete security carry personal details, data on current health problems and medications, emergency care data, and pointers to where medical records for the patient can be found. Provider cards can in addition carry authorisations and information on computer set up.

Neame, R.

1997-01-01

71

Computerizing the Card Catalog: What Technology Can Do.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although automating the library card catalog is a significant technological improvement, other approaches can also make accessing information easier for students. Currently there are more than 100 CD-ROM (compact disk) databases that replace traditional paper products such as encyclopedias, almanacs, and newspaper and magazine indexes. Logistical…

Skapura, Robert

1991-01-01

72

Document Cards: A Top Trumps Visualization for Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding suitable, less space consuming views for a document's main content is crucial to provide convenient access to large document collections on display devices of different size. We present a novel compact visualization which represents the document's key semantic as a mixture of images and important key terms, similar to cards in a top trumps game. The key terms are

Hendrik Strobelt; Daniela Oelke; Christian Rohrdantz; Andreas Stoffel; Daniel A. Keim; Oliver Deussen

2009-01-01

73

Validation of a Traffic-Based CAC Method under General Channel Holding Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

We validate a call admission control (CAC) method for mobile cellular networks under more restrictive conditions than those assumed in its design. The method uses distribution and the first and second moments of the channel holding time (CHT) parameter to compute the algorithm's main admission control metric: remaining CHT. Our goal is to generalize the handover method when only the

Natalia Vassileva; Francisco Barcelo-Arroyo

2009-01-01

74

Optical Compensation for Night Myopia Based on Dark Focus and CA\\/C Ratio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose. To determine whether individual differences in dark focus and convergence accom- modation to convergence (CA\\/C) ratio can be used to prescribe the best optical correction for night myopia. Methods. The best correction for night myopia was obtained by measuring visual acuity and contrast sensitivity across a range of lens powers and luminances. Dark focus was measured with an infrared

John C. Kotulak; Stephen E. Morse; Jeffrey C. Rabin

1995-01-01

75

Integrating Smart Cards into Kerberos  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this thesis is to identify alternatives for the integration of smart cards into a classic Kerberos system. Some researchers have proposed specific solutions. Each proposal appeared to be limited and, hence, there was a need to identify what other approaches were available. It was identified that smart cards can be added to each of the interfaces of

Gary Ian Gaskell

76

Smart Cards and remote entrusting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Smart cards are widely used to provide security in end-to-end communication involving servers and a variety of terminals, including mobile handsets or payment terminals. Sometime, end-to-end server to smart card security is not applicable, and smart cards must communicate directly with an application executing on a terminal, like a personal computer, without communicating with a server. In this case, the smart card must somehow trust the terminal application before performing some secure operation it was designed for. This paper presents a novel method to remotely trust a terminal application from the smart card. For terminals such as personal computers, this method is based on an advanced secure device connected through the USB and consisting of a smart card bundled with flash memory. This device, or USB dongle, can be used in the context of remote untrusting to secure portable applications conveyed in the dongle flash memory. White-box cryptography is used to set the secure channel and a mechanism based on thumbprint is described to provide external authentication when session keys need to be renewed. Although not as secure as end-to-end server to smart card security, remote entrusting with smart cards is easy to deploy for mass-market applications and can provide a reasonable level of security.

Aussel, Jean-Daniel; D'Annoville, Jerome; Castillo, Laurent; Durand, Stephane; Fabre, Thierry; Lu, Karen; Ali, Asad

77

Applying a Metrics Report Card  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors suggest that providing a report card enables an IT department to check its progress and overall performance; communicate the department's effectiveness to university leadership, IT membership, and customers; and make any necessary adjustments. A report card will not show how efficiently the IT department functions, but…

Klubeck, Martin; Langthorne, Michael

2008-01-01

78

In Brief: Arctic report card  

Microsoft Academic Search

A ``report card'' that tracks multiple changes in the Arctic environment has found that while some indicators show signs of stabilization, other changes are dramatic. In 2007, the central Arctic region lost almost 40 percent of its summertime sea ice, relative to amounts of Arctic sea ice in the 1980s, according to the report card, organized by NOAA and issued

Randy Showstack

2007-01-01

79

PREL Pacific Region Language Cards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 10 cue cards presents English translations of common English words and expressions into 10 Pacific Region languages: Palauan, Samoan, Chamorro, Hawaiian, Carolinian, Chuukese, Pohnpeian, Marshallese, Yapese, and Kosraean. The cards translate the following: hello, good morning, good afternoon, good night, thank you, you're…

Pacific Region Educational Lab., Honolulu, HI.

80

ROI, Pitfalls and Best Practices with an Enterprise Smart Card Deployment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper will describe the highlights of the ActivIdentity sponsored Datamonitor study into Return On Investment (ROI) when implementing smart cards in the enterprise in the following areas: physical and logical access convergence, remote access when replacing OTP tokens and Enterprise Single Sign-On. It also provides additional information about the pitfalls to avoid when implementing smart cards and describes best practices for deployment.

Hoyer, Philip

81

4 CFR 83.12 - Procedures for individual access to records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS PRIVACY PROCEDURES FOR PERSONNEL RECORDS ...written or oral request by any officer or employee of GAO to gain access to his...card, unemployment insurance book, employer identification card, major credit...

2011-01-01

82

The Moving Finger "Accesses."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Evanston (Illinois) Public Library has become the nation's first library to provide a touch-sensitive, online alternative to the card catalog. Library patrons have quickly embraced the Public Access Catalog (PAC) which was introduced on October 6, 1980. (LLS)|

Cherry, Susan Spaeth

1981-01-01

83

FRONTLINE: The Card Game  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Credit card companies have been the subject of renewed interest by the general public and regulatory agencies in the federal government, and this program by Frontline investigates "the future of the massive consumer loan industry and its impact on a fragile national economy." The program is hosted by correspondent Lowell Bergman, and represents a joint endeavor with The New York Times. As with most Frontline programs, visitors can watch the full program online, though before doing so, they may wish to take a look at the informative "Seven Things You Need to Know" section. Here they can breeze through helpful reminders, including "Cardholders Have New Protections" and "Free Traps Are Still Out There". The site has a number of extras, including additional interviews, a podcast with Bergman, and a discussion board for viewers to chime in with their appraisal of the program.

84

The Ins and Outs of Access Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents basic considerations when school districts plan to acquire an access-control system for their education facilities. Topics cover cards and readers, controllers, software, automation, card technology, expandability, price, specification of needs beyond the canned specifications already supplied, and proper usage training to cardholders.…

Longworth, David

1999-01-01

85

Intelligent Cards: Japanese Developments in IC Card Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides technical details of intelligent card (IC) systems and gives examples of their practical application. Specific topics covered: market response; technical trends and expected future developments; basic components of an integrated IC sys...

1989-01-01

86

Fingerprint Biometrics Authentication on Smart Card  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fingerprint matching for user authentication is becoming widely used in many applications. Smart cards are also being used heavily in identification applications. It is now required to combine both technologies so fingerprints can be matched on the smart card. This paper presents combination on two security components which are the fingerprint recognition and smart card. The smart card plays a

Yuhanim Hani Binti Yahaya; M. Isa; M. I. Aziz

2009-01-01

87

An empirical investigation of US credit card users: Card choice and usage behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to analyze household credit card choice and usage behavior. The theoretical model used to analyze the credit card choice behavior is a conjoint model which assumes the utility maximization and rational evaluation of the available credit card alternatives. The study also investigates the effects of credit card attitudes and practices on the credit card

Ali Kara; Erdener Kaynak; Orsay Kucukemiroglu

1996-01-01

88

Stream processing health card application.  

PubMed

In this paper, we propose a data stream management system embedded to a smart card for handling and storing user specific summaries of streaming data coming from medical sensor measurements and/or other medical measurements. The data stream management system that we propose for a health card can handle the stream data rates of commonly known medical devices and sensors. It incorporates a type of context awareness feature that acts according to user specific information. The proposed system is cheap and provides security for private data by enhancing the capabilities of smart health cards. The stream data management system is tested on a real smart card using both synthetic and real data. PMID:22127523

Polat, Seda; Gündem, Taflan Imre

2011-11-30

89

Nation's Report Card, Writing 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Nation's Report Card, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), is a nationally representative and continuing assessment of what America's students know and can do in various subject areas. Since 1969, assessments have been conducted per...

H. R. Persky M. C. Daane Y. Jin

2003-01-01

90

Secure interoperability of patient data cards in health networks.  

PubMed

In the healthcare area, chip card based information systems occur in the shape of patient data cards providing informational self determination and mobility of the users as well as quality, integrity, accountability, and availability of the data stored on the card, thus improving the shared care of patients. Dealing with sensitive personal medical information, shared care information systems have to provide appropriate security services, only authorized users allowing restricted rights to the patients' data according to the "need to know" principle. The DIABCARD project aims the implementation and evaluation of a chip card based medical information system (CCMIS) for facilitating communication and co-operation between health professionals in different organisations or departments caring the same patient with Diabetes as an example. In co-operation with the EC-funded TrustHealth project, the communication and application security services needed are provided as strong authentication and the derived services like authorization, access control, accountability, confidentiality etc. The solution is based on Health Professional Cards and Trusted Third Party services. Besides the secure handling of the patient's chip cart in DIABCARD workstations, also the secure communication between these workstations and related departmental systems has been implemented. Finally, a few legal issues, future trends like the XML standard set and their implications for the solution presented as well as for distributed health information systems in general are shortly discussed. PMID:11187483

Blobel, B; Spiegel, V; Pharow, P; Engel, K; Engelbrecht, R

2000-01-01

91

How can the German Electronic Health Card support patient's role in care management.  

PubMed

All types of advanced communication, collaboration, and cooperation in healthcare require a strong involvement of all addressed parties including health professionals and patients. Modern healthcare aims at involving patients having them take over responsibility for their own health status. Allowing them to take on their changed roles as emancipated partners in advanced care management, health professionals need to be educated and patients need to be empowered. From a security viewpoint, health issues have to be communicated via trusted health networks. To provide communication and cooperation between professionals and patients as well as to guarantee the required level of involvement of patients in shared care management environments, cards are widely used as person identifiers, on the one hand, and as security tokens, on the other. Being introduced as storage media and portable personalized application system, cards enable a patient controlled access to personalized health services as well as proper use and exchange of personal health data for specific purposes such as emergency. Furthermore, cards allow access to the wider electronic patient record via pointers or tickets. Cards can empower patients. The German Electronic Health Card (eGK) shall thus support care management and specific workflow processes e.g. for prescription and disease management. Regardless whether designed as data or pointer card - international standardization is a prerequisite also for national solutions. The more information patients have regarding different procedures and processes in healthcare, the more are they able to play their dedicated role within care management. Cards can and will contribute by allowing patients to get controlled access to administrative and medical data stored either on cards or in networks. Card holders determine who has access to their health information. PMID:18560101

Pharow, Peter; Blobel, Bernd; Hildebrand, Claudia

2008-01-01

92

Generation and replication-dependent dilution of 5fC and 5caC during mouse preimplantation development.  

PubMed

One of the recent advances in the epigenetic field is the demonstration that the Tet family of proteins are capable of catalyzing conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) of DNA to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC). Interestingly, recent studies have shown that 5hmC can be further oxidized by Tet proteins to generate 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC), which can be removed by thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG). To determine whether Tet-catalyzed conversion of 5mC to 5fC and 5caC occurs in vivo in zygotes, we generated antibodies specific for 5fC and 5caC. By immunostaining, we demonstrate that loss of 5mC in the paternal pronucleus is concurrent with the appearance of 5fC and 5caC, similar to that of 5hmC. Importantly, instead of being quickly removed through an enzyme-catalyzed process, both 5fC and 5caC exhibit replication-dependent dilution during mouse preimplantation development. These results not only demonstrate the conversion of 5mC to 5fC and 5caC in zygotes, but also indicate that both 5fC and 5caC are relatively stable and may be functional during preimplantation development. Together with previous studies, our study suggests that Tet-catalyzed conversion of 5mC to 5hmC/5fC/5caC followed by replication-dependent dilution accounts for paternal DNA demethylation during preimplantation development. PMID:22124233

Inoue, Azusa; Shen, Li; Dai, Qing; He, Chuan; Zhang, Yi

2011-11-29

93

Implementing FISC IC Card Specification and Developing Health Care Application Using Java Card  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Java Card specification extends Java technology into smart cards. The FISC (Financial Information Service Co., Ltd.) IC card specification is the only financial smart card standard in Taiwan. In the Peng-Hu Health Care IC Card Project, we adopted FISC-compatible IC cards. In this paper, we describe an approach to develop a FISC-compatible application, based on the health care file

Tien-yan Ma; Ting-wei Hou

2000-01-01

94

78 FR 5789 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access Card (CAC) authentication to lock out unauthorized access. System software contains authorization/ permission partitioning to limit access to appropriate organization level.'' Retention and disposal: Delete entry and replace with ``Data...

2013-01-28

95

Structural behavior of the acetylide carbides Li2C2 and CaC2 at high pressure.  

PubMed

The effects of high pressure (up to 30 GPa) on the structural properties of lithium and calcium carbide, Li(2)C(2) and CaC(2), were studied at room temperature by Raman spectroscopy in a diamond anvil cell. Both carbides consist of C(2) dumbbells which are coordinated by metal atoms. At standard pressure and temperature two forms of CaC(2) co-exist. Monoclinic CaC(2)-II is not stable at pressures above 2 GPa and tetragonal CaC(2)-I possibly undergoes a minor structural change between 10 and 12 GPa. Orthorhombic Li(2)C(2) transforms to a new structure type at around 15 GPa. At pressures above 18 GPa (CaC(2)) and 25 GPa (Li(2)C(2)) Raman spectra become featureless, and remain featureless upon decompression which suggests an irreversible amorphization of the acetylide carbides. First principles calculations were used to analyze the pressure dependence of Raman mode frequencies and structural stability of Li(2)C(2) and CaC(2). A structure model for the high pressure phase of Li(2)C(2) was searched by applying an evolutionary algorithm. PMID:23249017

Nylén, Johanna; Konar, Sumit; Lazor, Peter; Benson, Daryn; Häussermann, Ulrich

2012-12-14

96

Normalised-power based reservation in connection admission control for mixed services in 3rd generation radio access networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Call admission control (CAC) is an essential part of radio resource management in wireless communications, where CAC algorithms are employed to provide quality of service (QoS) [3GPP, 1999] and efficient radio resource utilization in 3rd generation radio access networks (3GRAN). This paper presents a novel radio resource reservation scheme that uses the normalised-power resource metric, to guarantee minimum capacity operating

M. R. McVeigh; T. O'Farrell; P. E. Omiyi

2003-01-01

97

Applications of technology in airport access control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airport access control has traditionally been achieved with electronic systems using ID cards (badges) and electrically controlled doors. There are limitations inherent in these systems, particularly the problems of lost badges and unauthorized access by way of piggybacking or tailgating. The FAA is the regulatory agency responsible for monitoring compliance of the airports to prevent unauthorized access to specified security

R. Lazarick

2001-01-01

98

Using the Sound Card as a Timer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experiments in mechanics often involve measuring time intervals much smaller than one second, a task that is hard to perform with handheld stopwatches. This is one of the reasons why photogate timers are so popular in school labs. There is an interesting alternative to stopwatches and photogates, easily available if one has access to a personal computer with sound-recording capability. The idea is simple: a computer sound card can record audio frequencies up to several kilohertz, which means it has a time resolution of a fraction of a millisecond, comparable to that of photogate timers. Many experiments in mechanics can be timed by the sound they produce, and in these situations a direct audio recording may provide accurate measurements of the time intervals of interest. This idea has already been explored in a few cases,1-5 and here we apply it to an experiment that our students found very enjoyable: measuring the speed of soccer balls they kicked.

Aguiar, C. E.; Pereira, M. M.

2011-01-01

99

Smart Card Applications and Mobility in a World of Short Distance Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The CASTING project is concerned with the application of smart card technology in combination with short distance wireless communication. This report focuses on secure access to Web pages, meaning that the right person has access to his or her personal Web pages in a manner that respects integrity, authenticity and confidentiality. This requires authentication of users, which is achieved

Michael Rohs; Harald Vogt

2001-01-01

100

Flash Cards 1.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Perhaps you would like a way to help memorize important chemical equations? Or perhaps you are preparing to memorize certain Gallic phrases for an upcoming trip to Lyons? This helpful application can help users with both situations, and a number of other similar dilemmas. Flash Cards 1.0 allows users to create their own flashcards, and they can import data from other sources, including websites and text documents. Additionally, a setup page gives users the ability to set the interval time between cards, their text color, and other variables. This version is compatible with all computers running Mac OS X 10.2 and newer.

2007-01-01

101

Credit Cards: Intragovernmental Transfers and Related Concerns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This letter responds to your request for information on the use of credit cards for intragovernmental transfers and on the General Services Administration's (GSA) new contracts for credit card services. Specifically, you asked for information on (1) how i...

1998-01-01

102

Demographics, attitude, personality and credit card features correlate with credit card debt: A view from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the help of a commercial bank in China, we studied consumer credit card debt behavior2Previous literature has showed that credit card debt can be attributed to revolving credit and petty installment use. Therefore in the present study, we call revolving credit use and petty installment use credit card debt behaviors.2 in correlation with demographics, attitude, personality, and credit card

Lili Wang; Wei Lu; Naresh K. Malhotra

2011-01-01

103

Java Card or How to Cope with the New Security Issues Raised by Open Cards?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we aim to discuss various threats raised by Java Cards at various levels of the system. First, we address the Java Card platform security itself, from the chip security features to the Java Card virtual machine. Next, we expose how to deal with application se- curity which is a standard problem for smart card manufacturers but a

Pierre Girard; Jean-Louis Lanet

1999-01-01

104

NIST Text Personal Identity Verfication (PIV) Cards.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to facilitate the development of applications and middleware that support the Personal Identity Verification (PIV) Card, NIST has developed a set of test PIV Cards and a supporting public key infrastructure. This set of test cards includes not on...

D. A. Cooper

2012-01-01

105

Solar System Trading Cards Jr. Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of thirteen cards depicts Solar System objects such as planets, comets, asteroids, and the Sun. The front of each card displays a color image of a Solar System object; the back provides facts about the object. The Hubble Space Telescope card contains the directions for the game.

2005-01-01

106

Development of job cards for mechanical maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work in progress to develop job cards for mechanical maintenance personnel in nuclear power plants is described. Job cards are laminated 5 in.×7 in. cards containing a mix of informational graphics and text for important tasks involving mechanical maintenance equipment. They are organized by functional category, including general maintenance, pumps, valves, rigging, troubleshooting, alignment, V-belts and sheaves, documents, and system

Alan Spiker; Wayne F. Walls; John L. Campbell

1992-01-01

107

Doing Gender Difference Through Greeting Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Greeting card communication reflects the highly gendered division of both emotional and domestic labor in US culture. It is generally thought that American men do not take as much responsibility for sending greeting cards as women, or display competence in this mode of communication. Both survey data and field work with greeting card consumers confirm this overall pattern. For many

Emily West

2009-01-01

108

Racial bias in baseball card collecting revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research examining the role of racial bias in the secondary sports card market has been an emerging area of inquiry, empirical knowledge on the question: “Does the race of the player on a sports card affect the value of the card?” remains inconclusive. This paper revisits one of the first studies on this topic. Data were derived for 66

Eric Primm; Nicole L. Piquero; Robert M. Regoli; Alex R. Piquero

2010-01-01

109

Cards in the Classroom: Mathematics and Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report researches the use of a standard deck of playing cards in entry-level college mathematics classrooms. The study looks at published research on the use of cards, and reviews pedagogic concerns directly related to the implementation of playing cards in the classroom--including the appropriateness of manipulatives, the link to…

Baker, Robert N.

110

Review of Sound Card Photogates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Photogates are probably the most commonly used electronic instruments to aid experiments in the field of mechanics. Although they are offered by many manufacturers, they can be too expensive to be widely used in all classrooms, in multiple experiments or even at home experimentation. Today all computers have a sound card--an interface for…

Gingl, Zoltan; Mingesz, Robert; Makra, Peter; Mellar, Janos

2011-01-01

111

In Brief: Arctic Report Card  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2009 annual update of the Arctic Report Card, issued on 22 October, indicates that ``warming of the Arctic continues to be widespread, and in some cases dramatic. Linkages between air, land, sea, and biology are evident.'' The report, a collaborative effort of 71 national and international scientists initiated in 2006 by the Climate Program Office of the U.S. National

Randy Showstack

2009-01-01

112

Appropriate Speaking through Cue Cards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the use of cue cards in order to help language students practice formal and informal ways of saying the same thing. This draws attention to the influence of context on the way a communicative interaction is expressed linguistically. Lesson forms and source materials are also delineated. (PJM)|

Roberts, Jonathan

1980-01-01

113

Review of Sound Card Photogates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Photogates are probably the most commonly used electronic instruments to aid experiments in the field of mechanics. Although they are offered by many manufacturers, they can be too expensive to be widely used in all classrooms, in multiple experiments or even at home experimentation. Today all computers have a sound card--an interface for analogue…

Gingl, Zoltan; Mingesz, Robert; Makra, Peter; Mellar, Janos

2011-01-01

114

Library Cards for the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a program developed at the San Francisco Public Library to allow homeless residents to apply for library cards, and discusses concerns that had to be addressed, including loss or damage of materials, overdue materials, residency requirements, and state and local funding requirements. Cooperation with public and private service providers…

Landgraf, Mary N.

1991-01-01

115

Intestinal Anastomosis by Use of a Memory-shaped Compression Anastomosis Clip (Hand CAC 30): Early Clinical Experience  

PubMed Central

Purpose The safety and the efficacy of the compression anastomosis clip (Hand CAC 30) have been demonstrated by animal studies. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical validity of the Hand CAC 30 in enterocolic side-to-side anastomosis after colonic or enteric resections. Methods A non-randomized prospective data collection was performed for patients undergoing a side-to-side anastomosis using the Hand CAC 30. Eligibility criteria for the use of the Hand CAC 30 were for anastomoses between the colon and the ileum or between two small bowels. The primary short-term endpoint was the rate of anastomotic leakage. Other clinical outcomes, including intra- and postoperative complications, length of operation time and hospital stay, and the clip elimination time were recorded. Results A total of 63 patients (male, 36) underwent an enteric or right-sided colonic resection followed by a side-to-side anastomosis using the Hand CAC 30. Laparoscopic surgery was performed in 36 patients, in whom one patient who underwent a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy was converted to an open procedure (1/32, 3.1%). One patient with ascending colon cancer showed postoperative anastomotic leakage and died of co-morbid ischemic heart disease. There were no other surgical mortalities. The exact date of expulsion of the clip could not be recorded because most patients were not aware of clip elimination. No patients manifested clinical symptoms of anastomotic stricture. Conclusion Short-term evaluation of the Hand CAC 30 anastomosis in patients undergoing enterocolic surgery proved it to be a safe and efficacious alternative to the standard hand-sewn or stapling technique.

Lee, Hak-Youn; Woo, Jin-Hee; Park, Si-Young; Kang, Nam-Wook; Park, Ki-Jae

2012-01-01

116

In Brief: Arctic report card  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A ``report card'' that tracks multiple changes in the Arctic environment has found that while some indicators show signs of stabilization, other changes are dramatic. In 2007, the central Arctic region lost almost 40 percent of its summertime sea ice, relative to amounts of Arctic sea ice in the 1980s, according to the report card, organized by NOAA and issued on 17 October by an international team of scientists. The report also found that permafrost temperatures are stabilizing in North America and Eurasia but permafrost melt remains a key problem, and that changes in Arctic animal populations have been mixed over decades. ``This annual update provides key information to decision makers and the scientific community on changes that are taking place in the Arctic now,'' said Richard Spinrad, NOAA assistant administrator for oceanic and atmospheric research. For more information, visit the Web site: http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/reportcard/.

Showstack, Randy

2007-10-01

117

CARD: Canadian Archaeological Radiocarbon Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the Canadian Archaeological Association and maintained by Dr. Richard Morlan of the Canadian Museum of Civilization (see the April 21, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences), the Canadian Archaeological Radiocarbon Database (CARD) is a new online "compilation of radiocarbon measurements that indicate the ages of archaeological and vertebrate palaeontological sites in Canada." Users may conduct cross-field searches of the database by Borden block, Borden number, site name, province, laboratory number, material dated, cultural affiliation, or range of dates. Database queries yield full data on radiocarbon (carbon-14) measurements, including provenience, taxon information, and comments. In addition, the site explains the basic principles of radiocarbon dating, the technical issues affecting the technique, and how the database was compiled. The entire CARD site is also available in French.

118

Subject Access in the Small Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pilot study on the subject access problems of patrons of small to medium size libraries was designed to measure the extent to which users' vocabularies matched the search vocabulary of bibliographic records in the card catalog, and to enhance subject access by develooping a microcomputer system which integrated Library of Congress Subject…

Turock, Betty J.; Shelton, Hildred C.

119

An evaluation of the condom distribution scheme (C-Card) with young people in northeast England.  

PubMed

Aims:To evaluate a local C-Card scheme from the perspectives of young people in order to determine how well it had worked in improving access to condoms and in providing young people with appropriate information to make healthier choices around safer sex.Methods:Secondary analysis of a year's worth of existing registration and monitoring data routinely collected by the C-Card scheme, two focus group discussions with 14 young people (eight males and six females) and a short questionnaire-based survey of 55 young people.Results:The evidence suggested that the C-Card scheme is an effective tool for ensuring that young people know how to use a condom correctly. Ease of access and increased knowledge were key issues of effectiveness to emerge from the findings. The scheme also served as a mechanism for young people to be referred on to other sexual health services and the data appear to indicate that this was something that was taken up by young people.Conclusions:The young people who used C-Card generally viewed the scheme as an effective mechanism in terms of accessing condoms and the number of outlets available for acquiring condoms. In order for C-Card to become successful with young people, advertising needs to be improved to increase their awareness of the scheme. PMID:23539132

Kinsella, Karina; Cross, Ruth; South, Jane

2013-03-28

120

CAC3(MSI1) suppression of RAS2(G19V) is independent of chromatin assembly factor I and mediated by NPR1.  

PubMed

Cac3p/Msi1p, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae homolog of retinoblastoma-associated protein 48 (RbAp48), is a component of chromatin assembly factor I (CAF-I), a complex that assembles histones H3 and H4 onto replicated DNA. CAC3 overexpression also suppresses the RAS/cyclic AMP (cAMP) signal transduction pathway by an unknown mechanism. We investigated this mechanism and found that CAC3 suppression of RAS/cAMP signal transduction was independent of either CAC1 or CAC2, subunits required for CAF-I function. CAC3 suppression was also independent of other chromatin-modifying activities, indicating that Cac3p has at least two distinct, separable functions, one in chromatin assembly and one in regulating RAS function. Unlike Cac1p, which localizes primarily to the nucleus, Cac3p localizes to both the nucleus and the cytoplasm. In addition, Cac3p associates with Npr1p, a cytoplasmic kinase that stablizes several nutrient transporters by antagonizing a ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation pathway. Deletion of NPR1, like overexpression of Cac3p, suppressed the RAS/cAMP pathway. Furthermore, NPR1 overexpression interfered with the ability of CAC3 to suppress the RAS/cAMP pathway, indicating that extra Cac3p suppresses the RAS/cAMP pathway by sequestering Npr1p. Deletion of NPR1 did not affect the quantity, phosphorylation state, or localization of Ras2p. Consistent with the idea that Npr1p exerts its effect on the RAS/cAMP pathway by antagonizing a ubiquitin-mediated process, excess ubiquitin suppressed both the heat shock sensitivity and the sporulation defects caused by constitutive activation of the RAS/cAMP pathway. Thus, CAC3/MSI1 regulates the RAS/cAMP pathway via a chromatin-independent mechanism that involves the sequestration of Npr1p and may be due to the increased ubiquitination of an Npr1p substrate. PMID:11238915

Johnston, S D; Enomoto, S; Schneper, L; McClellan, M C; Twu, F; Montgomery, N D; Haney, S A; Broach, J R; Berman, J

2001-03-01

121

Challenging the nature of low-energy plasmon excitations in CaC6 using electron energy-loss spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nature of low-energy plasmon excitations plays an important role in understanding the low-energy electronic properties and coupling mechanism of different superconducting compounds such as CaC6. Recent ab initio studies predict a charge carrier intraband plasmon in keeping with a low-energy acoustic plasmon. Here, we have studied the low-energy electronic excitations of CaC6 using high-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy in transmission at low temperatures. The analysis of the core level excitations leads to the conclusion that hybridization between graphite and calcium states plays an essential role in this graphite-intercalated compound. Regarding the low-energy plasmon excitation, we observe the formation of an intraband (charge carrier) plasmon with a negative dispersion at about 3.5 eV in sound agreement with the theory. Finally, a weak excitation around 1.2 eV with an almost linear dispersion relation can be observed as predicted for an acoustic plasmon that may mediate the superconducting coupling in CaC6. However its optical limit at ~1 eV challenges the theoretical predictions and safely rules out an electronic superconducting coupling mechanism in CaC6

Roth, Friedrich; König, Andreas; Kramberger, Christian; Pichler, Thomas; Büchner, Bernd; Knupfer, Martin

2013-04-01

122

Discount medical cards: innovation or illusion?  

PubMed

Discount medical cards have come under increasing scrutiny by regulators and law enforcement officials as a result of mounting consumer-reported problems. For their study, the authors tested five cards available in the Washington, D.C., metro area; interviewed card company representatives, state attorneys general insurance regulators, and insurance agents; and reviewed court and administrative actions. While some cards provide a measure of value, other cards were found to have serious drawbacks, including: high-pressure sales tactics; misleading or inaccurate promotion; exaggerated claims of savings; difficulty finding participating doctors; and providers who failed to give cardholders promised discounts. Some discount card companies are seeking to reform the market through a trade association and voluntary code of conduct. Still, legislative and regulatory interventions will be needed to protect consumers in an unregulated and growing market. PMID:15765567

Kofman, Mila; Libster, Jennifer; Bangit, Eliza

2005-03-01

123

Collaborative fingerprint authentication by smart card and a trusted host  

Microsoft Academic Search

The smart card is an important component in e-commerce security. In a previous CCECE paper, we introduced the idea for verification of the ownership of a smart card using fingerprints. An owner's fingerprint is registered into a smart card. When using a smart card on a computer, the card software will match the user's fingerprint with that stored in the

Y. S. Moon; H. C. Ho; K. L. Ng; S. F. Wan; S. T. Wong

2000-01-01

124

On Trial at the Summer Olympic Games: Smart Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visa International has teamed up with the three largest banks in the southeastern United States to offer stored-value cards to the four million visitors and residents expected to attend the Olympics in Atlanta. Stored-value cards (or cash cards) transfer stored, digital money from the card to merchants' special terminals. Although 350 million smart cards are in use around the world,

Ware Myers

1996-01-01

125

26 CFR 301.6311-2 - Payment by credit card and debit card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...underlying account or receivable for consideration); (ii) Marketing for any purpose, such as, marketing tax-related products or services, or marketing any product or service that targets those who have used a credit card or debit card to...

2010-04-01

126

26 CFR 301.6311-2 - Payment by credit card and debit card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...underlying account or receivable for consideration); (ii) Marketing for any purpose, such as, marketing tax-related products or services, or marketing any product or service that targets those who have used a credit card or debit card to...

2009-04-01

127

Fingerprint Authentication System for Smart Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the several methods that enable fingerprint authentication of card holders, the one that executes the matching process\\u000a on the smart card chip is the most important. The Pattern matching method, such as [1], is of no use for smart cards, because\\u000a it takes too much time to adjust the position between the input image and template image. So we

Nikkou Kaku; Takahiko Murayama; Shuichiro Yamamoto

2001-01-01

128

A cost-effective add-on-value card-assisted firewall over Taiwan's NHI VPN framework.  

PubMed

Besides the overall budget for building the infrastructure of a healthcare-service-based virtual private network (VPN) in Taiwan, two issues were considered critical for its acceptance by the country's 17,000 plus medical institutions. One was who was to pay for the network (ADSL or modem) connection fee; the other was who was to pay for the firewall/anti-virus software. This paper addresses the second issue by proposing an efficient freeware firewall, named card-assisted firewall (CAF), for NHI VPN edge-hosts, which is also an add-on-value application of the National Healthcare IC card that every insurant and medical professional has. The innovative concept is that any NHI VPN site (edge-host) can establish diversified secure-authenticated connections with other sites only by an authentication mechanism, which requires a NHI Java card state machine and the Access Control List of the host. It is different from two-factor authentication cards in four ways: (1) a PIN code is not a must; (2) it requires authentication with the remote IC card Data Centre; (3) the NHI cards are already available, no modification is needed, and there is no further cost for the deployment of the cards; (4) although the cards are in the reader, the communication cannot start unless the cards are in the corresponding states; i.e. the states allow communication. An implementation, on a Microsoft Windows XP platform, demonstrated the system's feasibility over an emulation of the NHI VPN framework. It maintained a high line speed, the driver took up 39 KB of disk space, installation was simple, not requiring any extra hardware or software, and the average packet processing time of the CAF driver measured was 0.3084 ms. The average overhead in comparing the Access Control List predefined routing in card, in an FTP testing experiment, was 5.7 micros (receiving) and 8 micros (sending). PMID:17541860

Huang, Jyh-Win; Hou, Ting-Wei

2007-06-01

129

Financial Services for the Poor: Lack of Personal Identification Documents Impedes Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Without a birth certificate, no identity card can be issued and without identity card, there is no access to formal financial services. This link seems to be trivial in industrialized countries, where the ability of the individual to participate in economic life is rarely hindered by a lack of identification. In many developing countries, however, access to financial services is

Nicola Jentzsch

2009-01-01

130

System of nano-silver inkjet printed memory cards and PC card reader and programmer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work describes the development of inkjet printed, low-cost memory cards, and complementary pair of memory card reader and card reader\\/programmer for PCs. This constitutes a complete system that can be used for various applications. The memory cards are manufactured by inkjet printing nano-silver ink on photo paper substrate. The printed memory structures have an initial high resistance that can

Henrik Andersson; Alexandru Rusu; Anatoliy Manuilskiy; Stefan Haller; Suat Ayöz; Hans-Erik Nilsson

2011-01-01

131

The "Negative" Credit Card Effect: Credit Cards as Spending-Limiting Stimuli in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "credit card effect" describes a finding where greater value is given to consumer items if credit card logos are present. One explanation for the effect is that credit cards elicit spending behavior through associative learning. If this is true, social, economic and historical contexts should alter this effect. In Experiment 1, Year 1 New…

Lie, Celia; Hunt, Maree; Peters, Heather L.; Veliu, Bahrie; Harper, David

2010-01-01

132

Verification of JAVA CARD Applets Behavior with Respect to Transactions and Card Tears  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Java card transaction mechanism allows to protect sensitive operations on smart cards against problems due to card tears or power losses. Statements within a transaction are viewed as a single atomic operation so that either they are all performed or none of them is. KRAKATOA is a tool for static verification of Java programs annotated in JML (Java modeling

Claude Marché; Nicolas Rousset

2006-01-01

133

48 CFR 13.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Governmentwide commercial purchase card. 13.301 Section...Methods 13.301 Governmentwide commercial purchase card. (a) Except as provided...1108(b)(2), the Governmentwide commercial purchase card is authorized for...

2011-10-01

134

48 CFR 908.7117 - Tabulating machine cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Tabulating machine cards. 908.7117 Section 908.7117...Special Items 908.7117 Tabulating machine cards. DOE offices shall acquire tabulating machine cards in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR...

2011-10-01

135

41 CFR 101-26.509 - Tabulating machine cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Tabulating machine cards. 101-26.509 Section 101-26...Programs § 101-26.509 Tabulating machine cards. Procurement by Federal agencies of tabulating machine cards shall be made in accordance...

2012-07-01

136

48 CFR 908.7117 - Tabulating machine cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Tabulating machine cards. 908.7117 Section 908.7117...Special Items 908.7117 Tabulating machine cards. DOE offices shall acquire tabulating machine cards in accordance with FPMR 41 CFR...

2012-10-01

137

75 FR 32158 - Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card AGENCY: Forest Service...approved information collection, SRS Publications Evaluation Card. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: SRS Publications Evaluation Card. OMB Number:...

2010-06-07

138

77 FR 75410 - Request for Information Regarding Credit Card Market  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request for Information Regarding Credit Card Market AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial...SUMMARY: Section 502(a) of the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009 (CARD Act or Act) requires the Bureau of...

2012-12-20

139

76 FR 3180 - Market Test of Gift Cards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Order No. 647] Market Test of Gift Cards AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission...market test involving the sale of gift cards. This document describes the proposed...experimental competitive product, Gift Cards.\\1\\ The market research test will...

2011-01-19

140

77 FR 46258 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 7100-AD 63 Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing AGENCY: Board of Governors...Regulation II (Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing) that govern adjustments to debit card interchange transaction fees to make an allowance for fraud-...

2012-08-03

141

75 FR 81721 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...12 CFR Part 235 Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing; Proposed Rule Federal Register...RIN 7100-AD63 Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing AGENCY: Board of Governors...Regulation II, Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing, which: establishes...

2010-12-28

142

Information Leakage Attacks Against Smart Card Implementations of Cryptographic Algorithms and Countermeasures A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every practical implementation of a cryptographic algorithm represents a physi- cal device possessing potential side channels not covered by the security models of theoretical cryptography. Hence, even provable secure cryptographic algorithms may be attacked due to leakage of information. Smart cards and security ICs are often used as tamper-proof secu- rity devices. To prevent an attacker from exploiting easily accessible

Erwin Hess; Norbert Janssen; Bernd Meyer; Torsten Schutze

143

Information leakage attacks against smart card implementations of cryptographic algorithms and countermeasures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Every practical implementation of a cryptographic algorithm represents a physical device possessing potential side channels not covered by the security models of theoretical cryptography. Hence, even provable secure cryptographic algorithms may be attacked due to leakage of information. Smart cards and security ICs are often used as tamper-proof security devices. To prevent an attacker from exploiting easily accessible information

E. Hess; N. Janssen; B. Meyer; T. Schuetze

2000-01-01

144

A Report on the Loading of MARC Format Bibliographic Records into HyperCard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines a process for downloading MARC format bibliographic data into a form readable for an Apple Macintosh computer running HyperCard software. Loading procedures for two data sources--an OCLC format tape and records from UCLA's ORION public access catalog--are discussed, and the use of a minicomputer system is considered. (eight references)…

Rosenberg, Jason B.; Borgman, Christine L.

1991-01-01

145

In Brief: Arctic Report Card  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2009 annual update of the Arctic Report Card, issued on 22 October, indicates that “warming of the Arctic continues to be widespread, and in some cases dramatic. Linkages between air, land, sea, and biology are evident.” The report, a collaborative effort of 71 national and international scientists initiated in 2006 by the Climate Program Office of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), highlights several concerns, including a change in large-scale wind patterns affected by the loss of summer sea ice; the replacement of multiyear sea ice by first-year sea ice; warmer and fresher water in the upper ocean linked to new ice-free areas; and the effects of the loss of sea ice on Arctic plant, animal, and fish species. “Climate change is happening faster in the Arctic than any other place on Earth-and with wide-ranging consequences,” said NOAA administrator Jane Lubchenco. “This year“s Arctic Report Card underscores the urgency of reducing greenhouse gas pollution and adapting to climate changes already under way.”

Showstack, Randy

2009-11-01

146

Quality Report Cards and Nursing Home Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study examined the potential role that publicly disseminated quality report cards can play in improving quality of care in nursing homes. Design and Methods: We review the literature and the experience gained over the last two decades with report cards for hospitals, physicians, and health plans, and consider the issues that are of particular importance in the context

Dana B. Mukamel; William D. Spector

2003-01-01

147

Visualization of Circuit Card EM Fields.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the final report for Air Force contract F(41608-96-CA)116: Visualization of Circuit Card EM Fields. Circuit cards (or circuit boards) of one type or another are used in nearly every electrical appliance used by the military or by commerce. This na...

D. Zwillinger

1998-01-01

148

The Ornery American: Orson Scott Card  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article profiles Orson Scott Card, the winner of this year's Margaret A. Edwards Award for his outstanding contributions to teen literature, specifically for Ender's Game and Ender's Shadow (1999, both Tor), a companion tale. Card, the magician behind both of these best sellers, is one of the nation's most prolific--and contentious--authors.…

Oatman, Eric

2008-01-01

149

Automatic Business Card Scanning with a Camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a system to automatically extract, rectify and enhance business card images. First the business card image patch is automatically segmented by minimizing a novel local-global variational energy. Second a quadrangle is fitted to the segmented image patch. With the four corner points of the quadrangle, we then estimate the physical as- pect ratio of the

Gang Hua; Zicheng Liu; Zhengyou Zhang; Ying Wu

2006-01-01

150

Flash Cards: Common Chinese-Cantonese Characters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This set of flash cards is designed to accompany the Defense Language Institute's instructional programs in Cantonese Chinese. Each card displays six Chinese characters, for a total of 1500 characters. Each character is printed two inches tall. Above each character are transcriptions of the Chinese words represented by the character (marked for…

Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

151

The Bad Guys: Landscape Pest ID Cards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thirty common landscape pests are presented on summary cards containing identification, host range, life cycle, related species, and other information. Information is sound. Emphasis on biological control and tolerance of pests causing only cosmetic damage is good. Physical cards with the same information on them as this electronic version can be purchased.

0002-11-30

152

A micromachined array probe card-characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

An array probe card fabricated on a silicon wafer for high performance and high pin count applications is characterized. The probe card is capable of providing a very large number of probe tips (>1000) that offer a contact resistance of less than 2 ?. A novel approach to replacing the mechanical scrubbing motion with an electrical breakdown process is presented.

Mark Beiley; Justin Leung; S. S. Wong

1995-01-01

153

DNA smart card for financial transactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a secure environment for electronic commerce is introduced. The environment is formed via a synthesis of biometrics consumer authentication with a security token. Such a token is a smart card containing cryptographic keys and a cryptographic microprocessor for data encryption. The keys are used to further authenticate the possessor of the card as the actual owner and

Sofia Gleni; Panagiotis Petratos

2004-01-01

154

Designing More Effective Accountability Report Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to identify and design standards and procedures for creating easily interpreted accountability reports cards, consistent with the requirements spelled out in the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB). The use of public report cards was first raised during the debate that took place immediately prior to the passage…

Sabbah, Faris M.

2011-01-01

155

Standards Based Report Cards. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the increased focus on standards-based education, more and more states, districts and school are becoming interested in standards-based grading and report cards. Hawaii, for example, is a state that is working hard on its "Standards Implementation Design" (SID), including standards-based report cards. As a component of Maine's Local…

Muir, Mike

2005-01-01

156

Efficiency at Sorting Cards in Compressed Air  

Microsoft Academic Search

At a site where compressed air was being used in the construction of a tunnel, 34 men sorted cards twice, once at normal atmospheric pressure and once at 3½, 2½, or 2 atmospheres absolute pressure. An additional six men sorted cards twice at normal atmospheric pressure.When the task was carried out for the first time, all the groups of men

E. C. Poulton; M. J. Catton; A. Carpenter

1964-01-01

157

Re-Designing Business Card Advertisements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses ways to turn information from a business card into an advertisement to be placed in a student publication. Addresses visual interest, typography, and other design issues. Includes several sample advertisements and a classroom activity involving redesigning a business card into an advertisement. (RS)|

Schaub, Laura

2001-01-01

158

Bank Card Program: A Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The focus of this thesis is to review the use of the Government-wide commercial bank card known as the International Merchant Purchase Agreement Card (I.M.P.A.C.) at the Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division (NAWCWPNS), China Lake, CA. The intent of ...

M. A. Zayas

1995-01-01

159

Formal Proof of Smart Card Applets Correctness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new Gemplus smart card is based on the Java technology, embedding a virtual machine. The security policy uses mechanisms that are based on Java properties. This language provides segregation between applets. But due to the smart card constraints a byte code verifier can not be embedded. Moreover, in order to maximise the number of applets the byte code must

Jean-louis Lanet; Antoine Requet

1998-01-01

160

Re-Designing Business Card Advertisements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ways to turn information from a business card into an advertisement to be placed in a student publication. Addresses visual interest, typography, and other design issues. Includes several sample advertisements and a classroom activity involving redesigning a business card into an advertisement. (RS)

Schaub, Laura

2001-01-01

161

Polypeptide Modulators of Caspase Recruitment Domain (CARD)-CARD-mediated Protein-Protein Interactions*  

PubMed Central

The caspase recruitment domain (CARD) is present in a large number of proteins. Initially, the CARD was recognized as part of the caspase activation machinery. CARD-CARD interactions play a role in apoptosis and are responsible for the Apaf-1-mediated activation of procaspase-9 in the apoptosome. CARD-containing proteins mediate the inflammasome-dependent activation of proinflammatory caspase-1. More recently, new roles for CARD-containing proteins have been reported in signaling pathways associated with immune responses. The functional role of CARD-containing proteins and CARDs in coordinating apoptosis and inflammatory and immune responses is not completely understood. We have explored the putative cross-talk between apoptosis and inflammation by analyzing the modulatory activity on both the Apaf-1/procaspase-9 interaction and the inflammasome-mediated procaspase-1 activation of CARD-derived polypeptides. To this end, we analyzed the activity of individual recombinant CARDs, rationally designed CARD-derived peptides, and peptides derived from phage display.

Palacios-Rodriguez, Yadira; Garcia-Lainez, Guillermo; Sancho, Monica; Gortat, Anna; Orzaez, Mar; Perez-Paya, Enrique

2011-01-01

162

Investigation of innate immunity genes CARD4, CARD8 and CARD15 as germline susceptibility factors for colorectal cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Variation in genes involved in the innate immune response may play a role in the predisposition to colorectal cancer (CRC). Several polymorphisms of the CARD15 gene (caspase activating recruitment domain, member 15) have been reported to be associated with an increased susceptibility to Crohn disease. Since the CARD15 gene product and other CARD proteins function in innate immunity, we investigated the impact of germline variation at the CARD4, CARD8 and CARD15 loci on the risk for sporadic CRC, using a large patient sample from Northern Germany. Methods A total of 1044 patients who had been operated with sporadic colorectal carcinoma (median age at diagnosis: 59 years) were recruited and compared to 724 sex-matched, population-based control individuals (median age: 68 years). Genetic investigation was carried out following both a coding SNP and haplotype tagging approach. Subgroup analyses for N = 143 patients with early manifestation of CRC (?50 age at diagnosis) were performed for all CARD loci and subgroup analyses for diverse age strata were carried out for CARD15 mutations R702W, G908R and L1007fs. In addition, all SNPs were tested for association with disease presentation and family history of CRC. Results No significant differences were observed between the patient and control allelic or haplotypic spectra of the three genes under study for the total cohort (N = 1044 patients). None of the analysed SNPs was significantly associated with either tumour location or yielded significant association in the familial or non-familial CRC patient subgroups. However, in a patient subgroup (?45 age at diagnosis) with early disease manifestation the mutant allele of CARD15 R702W was found to be significantly associated with disease susceptibility (9.7% in cases vs 4.6% in controls; Pallelic = 0.008, Pgenotypic = 0.0008, ORallelic = 2.22 (1.21-4.05) ORressessive = 21.9 (1.96-245.4). Conclusion Variation in the innate immunity genes CARD4, CARD8 and CARD15 is unlikely to play a major role in the susceptibility to CRC in the German population. But, we report a significant disease contribution of CARD15 for CRC patients with very early disease manifestation, mainly driven by variant R702W.

2009-01-01

163

Muon spin rotation study of the magnetic penetration depth in the intercalated graphite superconductor CaC6  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report temperature- and magnetic field-dependent bulk muon spin rotation measurements in a c -axis-oriented superconductor CaC6 in the mixed state. Using both a simple second-moment analysis and the more precise analytical Ginzburg-Landau model, we obtained a field-independent in-plane magnetic penetration depth ?ab(0)=72(3)nm . The temperature dependencies of the normalized muon spin relaxation rate and of the normalized superfluid density result to be identical and both are well represented by the clean limit BCS model with 2?/kBTc=3.6(1) , suggesting that CaC6 is a fully gapped BCS superconductor in the clean limit regime.

di Castro, D.; Kanigel, A.; Maisuradze, A.; Keren, A.; Postorino, P.; Rosenmann, D.; Welp, U.; Karapetrov, G.; Claus, H.; Hinks, D. G.; Amato, A.; Campuzano, J. C.

2010-07-01

164

Thermal decomposition of CaC 2 O 4 · H 2 O. Determination of kinetic parameters by DTG and DTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal decomposition of CaC2O4 · H2O is studied in air and in a nitrogen atmosphere. The influence of the environment on the DTA curves is discussed. The activation energies and the frequency factors of the three reactions occurring in this decomposition have been determined by application of Kissinger's equations to the DTG curves and, for comparison, to the simultaneous

S. Gurrieri; G. Siracusa; R. Calí

1974-01-01

165

Generation and replication-dependent dilution of 5fC and 5caC during mouse preimplantation development  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the recent advances in the epigenetic field is the demonstration that the Tet family of proteins are capable of catalyzing conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) of DNA to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC). Interestingly, recent studies have shown that 5hmC can be further oxidized by Tet proteins to generate 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC), which can be removed by thymine DNA glycosylase

Azusa Inoue; Li Shen; Qing Dai; Chuan He; Yi Zhang

2011-01-01

166

Insider protection: a report card  

SciTech Connect

Enhanced security measures against external threats (e.g., terrorists, criminals) have been implemented at most facilities that handle special nuclear material, classified information, or other assets critical to national security. Attention is not focussing on insider protection, and safeguards managers are attempting to provide balanced protection against insider and outsider threats. Potential insider threats include attempts by facility employees to steal special nuclear material (SNM), to cause a radiological hazard to the public, to sabotage critical facilities, or to steal property or classified information. This paper presents a report card on the status of insider protection at Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission-licensed facilities, with emphasis on SNM theft. We discuss the general trends in insider protection and the limitations of protection measures currently in use. We also discuss the most critical needs for improved procedures, technology, analytical tools, and education for safeguards personnel.

Al-Ayat, R.A.; Judd, B.R.

1986-01-01

167

Insider protection: A report card  

SciTech Connect

Enhanced security measures against external threats (e.g., terrorists, criminals) have been implemented at most facilities that handle special nuclear material, classified information, or other assets critical to national security. Attention is now focusing on insider protection, and safeguards managers are attempting to provide balanced protection against insider and outsider threats. Potential insider threats include attempts by facility employees to steal special nuclear material (SNM), to cause a radiological hazard to the public, to sabotage critical facilities, or to steal property or classified information. This paper presents a report card on the status of insider protection at Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission-licensed facilities, with emphasis on SNM theft. The authors discuss the general trends in insider protection and the limitations of protection measures currently in use. They also discuss the most critical needs for improved procedures, technology, analytical tools, and education for safeguards personnel.

Al-Ayat, R.A.; Judd, B.R.

1986-01-01

168

Relativistic hydrodynamics on graphic cards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show how to accelerate relativistic hydrodynamics simulations using graphic cards (graphic processing units, GPUs). These improvements are of highest relevance e.g. to the field of high-energetic nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC and LHC where (ideal and dissipative) relativistic hydrodynamics is used to calculate the evolution of hot and dense QCD matter. The results reported here are based on the Sharp And Smooth Transport Algorithm (SHASTA), which is employed in many hydrodynamical models and hybrid simulation packages, e.g. the Ultrarelativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics model (UrQMD). We have redesigned the SHASTA using the OpenCL computing framework to work on accelerators like graphic processing units (GPUs) as well as on multi-core processors. With the redesign of the algorithm the hydrodynamic calculations have been accelerated by a factor 160 allowing for event-by-event calculations and better statistics in hybrid calculations.

Gerhard, Jochen; Lindenstruth, Volker; Bleicher, Marcus

2013-02-01

169

Waddesdon Manor: The Rothschild Trade Card Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild was a man of exquisite taste, and his penchant for eighteenth century life and society manifested itself in several Continental shopping sprees. In 1891 the Baron acquired a significant collection of printed paper ephemera related to various trades. These volumes contain over 700 trade cards, or early shop advertisements, and in 2004 Waddesdon Manor and the University of Warwick teamed up to create a research project that would digitize these trade cards. The trade cards database allows users to search by types of object, trades, or types of products.

170

Biochemical and molecular biological characterization of CAC2, the Arabidopsis thaliana gene coding for the biotin carboxylase subunit of the plastidic acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase.  

PubMed

The biotin carboxylase subunit of the heteromeric chloroplastic acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) of Arabidopsis thaliana is coded by a single gene (CAC2), which is interrupted by 15 introns. The cDNA encodes a deduced protein of 537 amino acids with an apparent N-terminal chloroplast-targeting transit peptide. Antibodies generated to a glutathione S-transferase-CAC2 fusion protein react solely with a 51-kD polypeptide of Arabidopsis; these antibodies also inhibit ACCase activity in extracts of Arabidopsis. The entire CAC2 cDNA sequence was expressed in Escherichia coli and the resulting recombinant biotin carboxylase was enzymatically active in carboxylating free biotin. The catalytic properties of the recombinant biotin carboxylase indicate that the activity of the heteromeric ACCase may be regulated by light-/dark-induced changes in stromal pH. The CAC2 gene is maximally expressed in organs and tissues that are actively synthesizing fatty acids for membrane lipids or oil deposition. The observed expression pattern of CAC2 mirrors that previously reported for the CAC1 gene (J.-K. Choi, F. Yu, E.S. Wurtele, B.J. Nikolau [1995] Plant Physiol 109: 619-625; J. Ke, J.-K. Choi, M. Smith, H.T. Horner, B.J. Nikolau, E.S. Wurtele [1997] Plant Physiol 113: 357-365), which codes for the biotin carboxyl carrier subunit of the heteromeric ACCase. This coordination is probably partially established by coordinate transcription of the two genes. This hypothesis is consistent with the finding that the CAC2 and CAC1 gene promoters share a common set of sequence motifs that may be important in guiding the transcription of these genes. PMID:9414551

Sun, J; Ke, J; Johnson, J L; Nikolau, B J; Wurtele, E S

1997-12-01

171

The financial performance of retailers owning credit card banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some retailers and other firms expecting to improve their operating performance have established Credit Card Banks (CCBs) as a revenue management tool to handle their proprietary credit card receivables, as well as those from Visa and MasterCard. The expected improvement in performance has to come primarily from increasing sales revenue with the retailers' own private-label credit cards, from interest income

Doowoo Nam; Benton E. Gup; Jongbae Kim

2007-01-01

172

Card shuffling and a transformation on S n  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary We consider two card shuffling schemes. The first, which has appeared in the literature previously ([G], [RB], [T]), is as follows: start with a deck ofn cards, and pick a random tuplet ? { 1, 2, ?, n}n; interchange cards 1 andt1, then interchange cards 2 andt2, etc. The second scheme, which can be viewed as a transformation on

Frank Schmidt; Rodica Simion

1992-01-01

173

Educating students: an ethics responsibility of credit card companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The practice of marketing credit cards on college campuses is becoming increasingly controversial. Critics have charged that credit card companies use unethical practices to encourage students to become overloaded with debt. In response, many colleges now ban credit card solicitors from campus. Perhaps the best way credit card companies can improve their image is to provide specific educational opportunities to

M. Jill Austin; Melodie R. Phillips

2001-01-01

174

Card personalization system and method for the same  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A system and method for personalizing cards and other secure identification documents. The card personalization system and method provide improved data integrity, system reliability, and system performance. Improvements to card handling and processing within the modules, improved card transfer between modules, improvements to control of the modules, and other improvements are set forth, all of which contribute, individually and collectively, to achieving these goals.

Sells; Robert Anders (Edina, MN); Wendt; Richard W. (Shakopee, MN); Nichols; Dean Raymond (Hugo, MN); Johnson; Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

2010-07-13

175

Malicious Code on Java Card Smartcards: Attacks and Countermeasures  

Microsoft Academic Search

When it comes to security, an interesting dierence between Java Card and regular Java is the absence of an on-card bytecode ver- ifier on most Java Cards. In principle this opens up the possibility of malicious, ill-typed code as an avenue of attack, though the Java Card platform oers some protection against this, notably by code signing. This paper gives

Wojciech Mostowski; Erik Poll

2008-01-01

176

Automatic Test Generation for Java-Card Applets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open-cards have introduced a new life cycle for smart card embedded applications. In the case of Java Card, they have raised the problem of embedded object-oriented applet validation. In this article, we describe a methodology for Java Card applet verification, and its application on a case study. This methodology is based on automatic test generation. We first take benefits of

Hugues Martin; Lydie Du Bousquet

2000-01-01

177

User's manual for the DAD-1 data acquisition daughter board for the SuperCard-2  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description of how to use the DAD-1 data acquisition daughter board is given. The DAD-1 daughter board is used with the SuperCard-2, a VME format processor board manufactured by CSP Inc. that is based on the Intel i860 microprocessor. The daughter board provides high speed acquisition of digital data through a general purpose input port. Data are transferred through direct memory access operations to the memory on the SuperCard-2 board at a rate up to 40 million, 14 bit samples per second. A first-in, first-out memory is used to buffer the data during the transfer. Several different data acquisition operating modes are available that make a combination of a SuperCard-2 processor board and a DAD-1 daughter board suitable for a wide range of real time data analysis and feedback control functions.

Ferron, J.R.

1993-05-01

178

U.S. Government Use of Commercial Card Technology: A Case for Change in Military Card Distribution Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Government has used bank commercial card technology since the 1980s to simplify and reduce the cost of the process to acquire goods and services. The term 'commercial cards' includes purchase, travel, and fleet cards. Generally, purchase cards ar...

M. Gupta R. Dawson R. J. Palmer

2010-01-01

179

Prevention of Infective (Bacterial) Endocarditis: Wallet Card  

MedlinePLUS

... risk for developing adverse outcomes from infective endocarditis (IE), also known as bacterial endocarditis (BE). The guidelines for prevention of IE shown in this card are substantially different from ...

180

BK100008 Summary - ABORhCard®  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 1 Buffer Tube 1 Alcohol Wipe: 21CFR 880.6890, Class I ... with the ABORhCard was done with capillary blood collected by finger ... Discordant analysis ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

181

Petersburg Public Library Card Catalog Collection Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia (LVA) (last discussed in the June 18, 1999 Scout Report) has added a digitized card index to newspapers held by the Library (predominantly from Petersburg), covering the years 1797 to 1877. One of the most complete local newspaper indexes in Virginia, the index is comprised of 43,810 typed 3 x 5 cards which cover local events, including the period of reconstruction following the Civil War, in great detail. The subjects of the articles indexed on the cards are listed alphabetically on one long page. Each entry card contains the following information: Main index entry: the subject of the newspaper article indexed; Subheading: additional information about the article; and Reference line: date, city, name of newspaper, page, and column number. A listing of newspapers covered by the index and their respective date ranges and microfilm numbers at the LVA is also available.

1999-01-01

182

Behavior-Based Credit Card Fraud Detecting Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Credit card frauds,which always cause great loss for credit card holder, is also a big problem for financial banks. A credit card fraud detecting model is established based on the behavior patterns of the credit card holder.Different with traditional models which were based on demographic and economic information,this model detects credit card fraud with historical behavior patterns of the credit

Yongbin Zhang; Fucheng You; Huaqun Liu

2009-01-01

183

Development of a personal electronic health record card in the United Kingdom.  

PubMed

In most emergency situations, health professionals rely on patients to provide information about their medical history. However, in some cases patients might not be able to communicate this information, and in most countries, including the UK an on-line integrated patient record system has not been adopted. Therefore, in order to address this issue the ongoing project MyCare Card (MyC(2), www.myc2.org) has been established. The aim of this project is to design, implement and evaluate a prototype patient held electronic health record card. One of the tasks involved in the project was to develop a Graphical User Interface (GUI) software, which provides access to the data stored on the card. The requirements for this software had to be established via questionnaire surveys and end user evaluations, conducted simultaneously with the software development. This paper is addressing development of the MyCare Card GUI software. It also overviews the hardware and open-source software solutions selected for the MyCare Card implementation. PMID:21095764

Rybynok, V O; Kyriacou, P A; Binnersley, J; Woodcock, A

2010-01-01

184

Next-generation digital access systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trends in electronic access systems and related technologies are reviewed. Such new features as SONET (synchronous optical network) feeder, multiservice line cards, remote testing, and bandwidth management are described. The features described will allow telephone companies to provide present and future services needed by the business community with lower costs, better performance, and faster response than ever before. The

L. Davis; P. Willcock; D. Paone

1990-01-01

185

Invisible Divide: Farm Workers and Telephone Accessibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of California farm workers (n=34), former farm workers (n=7), vendors of telephone technology (n=13), and farm camp managers (n=5) revealed a pattern of low access to and availability of telephones and problems in the use of prepaid telephone cards. Results show that farm worker communities are largely forgotten in discussions of the…

Grieshop, James I.; Delgadillo, Viviana; Flores, Nicolas; Ramirez, Debora

2003-01-01

186

“LAPS Card”—A novel chip card-based light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel design of a light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) for the realisation of an easy exchangeable and modular measurement set-up is presented in this work. The sensor chip for up to 16 independent sensor spots is integrated in a standard plastic card and the appropriate measurement cell allows a selection of different chip cards within seconds. The measurement cell contains

T. Wagner; C. Rao; J. P. Kloock; T. Yoshinobu; R. Otto; M. Keusgen; M. J. Schöning

2006-01-01

187

Using Parental Preferences in Report Cards to Design a Report Card for Blennerhassett Kindergarten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on an investigation of the preferences of 50 parents of kindergarten children for various types of report cards and proposes a method of reporting that conforms to the parents' preferences. A general opinionnaire plus a Report Card Evaluation form were designed for the study. Parents were found to prefer (1) a reporting method…

Stephens, Linda S.

188

Developmentally situated design (DSD): making theoretical knowledge accessible to designers of children's technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a wealth of theoretical knowledge about the developmental abilities and skills of children. However, this knowledge is not readily accessible to designers of interactive products. In this paper, we present the requirements, design and evaluation of developmentally situated design (DSD) cards. DSD cards are a design tool that makes age specific information about children's developing cognitive, physical, social,

Tilde Bekker; Alissa Nicole Antle

2011-01-01

189

Redundancy and Uniqueness of Subject Access Points in Online Catalogs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An analysis of 205 records in the OCLC Online Union Catalog (OLUC) found considerable duplication among subject access points provided by title, subject heading, and classification number fields. On average, only 4.12 unique access points were found per record. The results suggest that online catalogs might outperform card catalogs more in…

Xu, Hong; Lancaster, F. W.

1998-01-01

190

Increasing cellulose accessibility is more important than removing lignin: a comparison of cellulose solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation and soaking in aqueous ammonia.  

PubMed

While many pretreatments attempt to improve the enzymatic digestibility of biomass by removing lignin, this study shows that improving the surface area accessible to cellulase is a more important factor for achieving a high sugar yield. Here we compared the pretreatment of switchgrass by two methods, cellulose solvent- and organic solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation (COSLIF) and soaking in aqueous ammonia (SAA). Following pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis was conducted at two cellulase loadings, 15 filter paper units (FPU)/g glucan and 3 FPU/g glucan, with and without BSA blocking of lignin absorption sites. The hydrolysis results showed that the lignin remaining after SAA had a significant negative effect on cellulase performance, despite the high level of delignification achieved with this pretreatment. No negative effect due to lignin was detected for COSLIF-treated substrate. SEM micrographs, XRD crystallinity measurements, and cellulose accessibility to cellulase (CAC) determinations confirmed that COSLIF fully disrupted the cell wall structure, resulting in a 16-fold increase in CAC, while SAA caused a 1.4-fold CAC increase. A surface plot relating the lignin removal, CAC, and digestibility of numerous samples (both pure cellulosic substrates and lignocellulosic materials pretreated by several methods) was also developed to better understand the relative impacts of delignification and CAC on glucan digestibility. PMID:20812260

Rollin, Joseph A; Zhu, Zhiguang; Sathitsuksanoh, Noppadon; Zhang, Y-H Percival

2011-01-01

191

The case for national DNA identification cards.  

PubMed

Foes of the United States have demonstrated their ability to strike at the heart of this country. Fear of renewed attacks and a desire for greater national security have now prompted many to call for improvements in the national personal identification system. In particular, the possibility of a national identification card containing the carrier's DNA information is being seriously considered. However, this raises difficult questions. Would such a card system, and the extraction of individuals' DNA it entails, violate the 4th Amendment of the Constitution? This article will shows that such a card system could in fact be found to be constitutional under the law of privacy as it stands today. PMID:15709289

Quarmby, Ben

2003-01-01

192

Western Silent Films Lobby Card Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For decades, movie theaters were able to draw people in for a closer look at their current offerings via the use of large posters and lobby cards. For those who are intrigued by such advertising devices, Yale University's Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library has digitized this fine collection of lobby cards designed to promote silent and western films in the first several decades of the 20th century. Visitors can view all 106 items here, and, all told, they promote a grand total of 68 different films. It's easy enough to perform a keyword search across all of the images, or visitors can see all of the images at one time. To get started, take a look at the rather dramatic image for "The Mollycoddle" and the tense scene depicted on the card for "The Bandit Buster". Visitors can zoom in on each image, and it's fun to scan through the details.

193

Laparoscopic treatment of celiac axis compression syndrome (CACS) and hiatal hernia: Case report with bleeding complications and review?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Median arcuate ligament (MAL) malposition is a rare cause of celiac axis compression syndrome (CACS) or Dunbar syndrome. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 26-year-old female presented with severe postprandial epigastric pain, weight loss, heartburn and regurgitation unresponsive to medical therapy. CT angiography and duplex ultrasound demonstrated the MAL crossing anterior to the celiac artery (CA). Reconstructions demonstrated CA compression, while the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was normal. The MAL was laparoscopically divided, releasing the celiac axis. A concomitant Nissen fundoplication was performed. At 3-months follow-up, the CT-scan demonstrated no evidence of CACS with complete symptom resolution. DISCUSSION Dunbar's syndrome can be treated with endovascular surgery, laparoscopic MAL division or vascular surgery.Six anatomical and morphologic variations of aortic and esophageal hiatus are described. The result of the analysis of these anatomical data leads to the conclusion that hiatus hernia, Dunbar's syndrome and GERD have a common etiopathogenesis and physiopathology. CONCLUSION Laparoscopic treatment is useful and feasible in centers with experience in majorlaparoscopic surgery with reduced invasiveness, better cosmetic effect and shorter postoperative course.

di Libero, Lorenzo; Varricchio, Antonio; Tartaglia, Ernesto; Iazzetta, Igino; Tartaglia, Alberto; Bernardo, Antonella; Bernardo, Rosanna; Triscino, Giovangiuseppe; Conte, Domenico Lo

2013-01-01

194

7 CFR 274.10 - Use of identification cards and redemption of coupons by eligible households.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...issuance. In areas not designated by FNS as requiring Photo ID cards, the ID card shall contain space...with authorization documents or coupons. (b) Photo ID cards. (1) Photo ID cards shall be issued in those project...

2010-01-01

195

7 CFR 274.10 - Use of identification cards and redemption of coupons by eligible households.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...issuance. In areas not designated by FNS as requiring Photo ID cards, the ID card shall contain space...with authorization documents or coupons. (b) Photo ID cards. (1) Photo ID cards shall be issued in those project...

2009-01-01

196

36 CFR 1254.10 - For how long and where is my researcher identification card valid?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NARA facilities that issue and use plastic researcher identification cards...their security systems, we issue a plastic card to replace the paper card issued at some NARA facilities at no charge. The plastic card is valid at all NARA...

2012-07-01

197

The Use of University Debit Cards for Purchasing Cigarettes: An Opportunity for Tobacco Use Prevention on University Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aims: Young adults have the highest smoking rate of any age group in the United States. However, little is known about how young adults, including college students, access and pay for cigarettes--important information for guiding policies and prevention and intervention efforts. This study examined students' use of university debit cards, which…

Lazev, Amy B.; Norton, Tina R.; Collins, Bradley; Ma, Grace; Miller, Suzanne

2012-01-01

198

S-CP Cards and Independence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: One card is selected at random from the following set of 6 cards, each of which has a number and a black or white symbol: $\\{\\bf 2\\triangle, 4\\square, ...

199

Catalog card production with a programmable terminal.  

PubMed

Application of a programmable terminal and printer to the cataloging task of a small medical library is described. The application is independent of a computer; the terminal is used in "local" mode only. Full sets of catalog cards are produced, following a single typing of descriptive cataloging data and tracings. Books can be cataloged the same day they are received. Actual cost per book is just over a dollar, for equipment rental, card stock, and the cataloger's time at the console, after call number, tracings, and main entry for the book have been determined. PMID:831883

McTigue, E; Robinson, M E; Saver, B; Schultz, C K

1977-01-01

200

High density electrical card connector system  

DOEpatents

An electrical circuit board card connection system is disclosed which comprises a wedge-operated locking mechanism disposed along an edge portion of the printed circuit board. An extrusion along the edge of the circuit board mates with an extrusion fixed to the card cage having a plurality of electrical connectors. The connection system allows the connectors to be held away from the circuit board during insertion/extraction and provides a constant mating force once the circuit board is positioned and the wedge inserted. The disclosed connection system is a simple solution to the need for a greater number of electrical signal connections.

Haggard, J. Eric (Elgin, IL); Trotter, Garrett R. (Aurora, IL)

2000-01-01

201

Catalog card production with a programmable terminal.  

PubMed Central

Application of a programmable terminal and printer to the cataloging task of a small medical library is described. The application is independent of a computer; the terminal is used in "local" mode only. Full sets of catalog cards are produced, following a single typing of descriptive cataloging data and tracings. Books can be cataloged the same day they are received. Actual cost per book is just over a dollar, for equipment rental, card stock, and the cataloger's time at the console, after call number, tracings, and main entry for the book have been determined. Images

McTigue, E; Robinson, M E; Saver, B; Schultz, C K

1977-01-01

202

48 CFR 413.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 413.301 Governmentwide commercial purchase card. USDA policy and procedures on use of the Governmentwide commercial purchase card are established in Departmental Regulation Series...

2011-10-01

203

12 CFR 1026.12 - Special credit card provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Special credit card provisions. 1026.12 Section 1026... TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 1026.12 Special credit card provisions. (a) Issuance of credit...

2013-01-01

204

76 FR 2930 - Market Test of Experimental Product: “Gift Cards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...POSTAL SERVICE Market Test of Experimental Product: ``Gift Cards'' AGENCY: Postal Service \\TM\\. ACTION: Notice...c)(1) that it will begin a market test of its ``Gift Cards'' experimental product on or around May 1, 2011. The...

2011-01-18

205

Free-space optics for high-speed reconfigurable card-to-card optical interconnects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-speed card-to-card optical interconnects are highly demanded in high-performance computing and data centers. Compared with other solutions, free-space optical interconnects have the capability of providing both reconfigurability and flexibility. In this paper we propose and experimentally demonstrate a free-space based reconfigurable optical interconnect architecture and it is capable of connecting cards located both inside the same rack as well as in different racks. Results show that 3×10 Gb/s data transmission is achieved with a worst-case receiver sensitivity better than -9.38 dBm.

Wang, Ke; Nirmalathas, Ampalavanpillai; Lim, Christina; Skafidas, Efstratios; Alameh, Kamal

2013-09-01

206

Specification of the JavaCard API in JML  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an effort to increase the reliability of JavaCard-based smart cards by means of formal specification and verification of JavaCard source code. As a first step, lightweight formal interface specifications, written in the specification language JML, have been developed for all the classes in the JavaCard API (version 2.1). They make many of the implicit assumptions underlying

Erik Poll; Joachim Van Den Berg; Bart Jacobs

2000-01-01

207

Jakarta: A Toolset for Reasoning about JavaCard  

Microsoft Academic Search

JavaCard [22] is a dialect of Java that enables Java technology to run on new generation smart cards and other devices with limited memory. As JavaCard is becoming increasingly popular, there has been a strong interest, both from academics and industrials, to reason formally about the JavaCard platform. This paper reports on preliminary results with Jakarta, a toolset for specifying

Gilles Barthe; Guillaume Dufay; Marieke Huisman; Simão Melo De Sousa

2001-01-01

208

Credit and Charge Cards Selection Criteria in Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigates the main dimensions and attributes that Greek cardholders consider of importance when selecting a card. Reviews the Greek credit and charge card market characteristics, competitive environment and cardholders? profiles in relation to the main literature on credit cards. Investigates a representative quota sample of Greek cardholders – taking into account demographic factors such as age, sex and income –

Arthur Meidan; Dimitris Davo

1994-01-01

209

Disentangling dimensions in the dimensional change card-sorting task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dimensional change card-sorting task (DCCS task) is frequently used to assess young children's executive abilities. However, the source of children's difficulty with this task is still under debate. In the standard DCCS task, children have to sort, for example, test cards with a red cherry or a blue banana into two boxes marked with target cards showing a blue

Daniela Kloo; Josef Perner

2005-01-01

210

The Good Guys: Natural Enemies of Insects ID Cards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thirty common natural enemies are presented on summary cards containing identification, host range, life cycle, related species, and other information. Physical cards with the same information on them as this electronic version can be purchased. The information is accurate but typically general in nature- these cards should be most useful in introductory pest management courses, etc.

0002-11-30

211

Returns To Information Search: Consumer Credit Card Shopping Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest rate competition and risk-based pricing have created wide price dispersions in credit card interest rates. In this environment, searching for price information on credit cards is critical for many consumers, especially revolvers. Using the 1995 Survey of Consumer Finances, payoff to consumers' search was estimated. A measure of potential savings was calculated based on the range of credit card

Jinkook Lee; Jeanne M. Hogarth

212

Tamper-resistant Smart Cards - Too Much To Ask For?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smart cards are convenient and reasonably secure cryptographic tokens. We will therefore see an increasing number of smart card systems as electronic purses, per- sonal health information storages, pay-TV, etc. This paper will discuss the difficulty of making smart cards tamper-resistant to persons with different levels of expertise, resources and time. Some general design guidelines are given and various common

Ville Taponen

213

Hardware and Software Symbiosis Helps Smart Card Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to manage and secure a rapidly growing informa- tion network has focused increasing attention on smart card technology. Over the past decade, smart cards evolved from oering basic mem- ory to complex systems with chips that incorporate powerful processing units with dedicated peripherals. This evolution enabled a wide range of applications. Smart card applications include nancial transactions, e-commerce,

Jean-françois Dhem; Nathalie Feyt

2001-01-01

214

Advertising disclosures and CSR practices of credit card issuers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to test the relations among consumers' attitudes toward disclosures in credit card issuers' print ads, attitudes toward credit card issuers' CSR practices, and attitudes toward credit card issuers in general, with a survey study. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey study with a convenient sampling consisting of college students is used to test the relations among consumers'

Alex Wang

2009-01-01

215

41 CFR 101-26.509 - Tabulating machine cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2007-07-01 true Tabulating machine cards. 101-26.509 Section 101-26...Programs § 101-26.509 Tabulating machine cards. Procurement by Federal agencies of tabulating machine cards shall be made in accordance...

2011-07-01

216

Index Cards: Computer-Assisted Instruction for Financially Deprived Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a method of using index cards to teach both vocabulary and grammar. The cards have a question on one side and an answer on the other, providing the student with immediate reinforcement. Such a method provides an inexpensive alternative to computer assisted instruction. Sample exercises and index cards are given. (PJM)|

Chardkoff, Joan Corb

1981-01-01

217

High density printed electrical circuit board card connection system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A zero insertion\\/extraction force printed circuit board card connection system comprises a cam-operated locking mechanism disposed along an edge portion of the printed circuit board. The extrusions along the circuit board mate with an extrusion fixed to the card cage having a plurality of electrical connectors. The card connection system allows the connectors to be held away from the circuit

Baumbaugh

1997-01-01

218

Using Baseball Card Prices to Measure Star Quality and Monopsony  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baseball card prices are used to capture star quality in a new measure of productivity in Major League Baseball. Star quality, which impacts revenues, is determined from a player's baseball card price as the residual in a fit of card prices to performance statistics. This measure is entered into the computation of individual player marginal revenue product and compared to

Charles J. Mullin; Lucia F. Dunn

2002-01-01

219

Linguistic and cultural authenticity of ‘Spanglish’ greeting cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past scholarly work has examined commercial greeting cards as an important cultural practice. The growing presence in the USA of bilingual greeting cards offers a site for understanding public uses of contact varieties of language. This paper analyses the reactions of 30 college educated US-raised bilingual Latinos to 17 intrasententially codeswitched Spanish–English greeting cards. Despite a few exceptions, there were

Kim Potowski

2011-01-01

220

The Mobile Java CardTM? Grid Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This position paper presents an overview of the Mobile Java Card Grid project that consists in setting up a grid like mobile infrastructure based on SIM cards. It combines the Java Card Grid infrastructure developed at the LaBRI, the SIM experience and tools of the Royal Holloway University of London, and some features of the MADNESS project developed at the

Serge Chaumette; Konstantinos Markantonakis; Keith Mayes; Damien Sauveron

221

22 CFR 50.9 - Card of identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Card of identity. 50.9 Section 50...Abroad § 50.9 Card of identity. When authorized by...examiners may issue a card of identity for travel to the United States to nationals of the United States...

2013-04-01

222

Using Coq to Verify Java Card Applet Isolation Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the use of the Coq proof assistant for the formal verication of applet isolation properties in Java Card technology. We focus on the conden tiality property. We show how this property is veried by the card manager and the APIs, extending our former proof addressing the Java Card virtual machine. We also show how our verication

June Andronick; Boutheina Chetali; Olivier Ly

2003-01-01

223

Vulnerabilities in First-Generation RFID-enabled Credit Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

RFID-enabled credit cards are widely deployed in the United States and other countries, but no public study has thoroughly analyzed the mechanisms that provide both security and privacy. Using samples from a variety of RFID-enabled credit cards, our study observes that (1) the cardholder's name and often credit card number and expiration are leaked in plaintext to unauthenticated readers, (2)

Thomas S. Heydt-benjamin; Daniel V. Bailey; Kevin Fu; Ari Juels; Tom O’Hare

2007-01-01

224

Flash Cards and Animation Software for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how a software program for DOS/Windows manages a collection of pictures such as photographic slides, overheads, or computer images in one or more databases. Explains how it transforms image files to raw binary files that can then be displayed like flash cards, or as an animated series of images. (Author/LRW)|

Byers, John A.

1999-01-01

225

Looking at Debit and Credit Card Fraud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article, written jointly by a mathematician and a barrister, looks at some of the statistical issues raised by court cases based on fraud involving chip and PIN cards. It provides examples and insights that statistics teachers should find helpful. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)|

Porkess, Roger; Mason, Stephen

2012-01-01

226

Radio Assisted Identification Device: A Universal Card  

Microsoft Academic Search

George Mason University uses photo identification cards with magnetic stripes. This system contains multiple points of vulnerability for the campus community which could lead to identification theft. This problem may further result in unauthorized purchases and entries into buildings and dormitories. Security issues have become increasingly relevant on university campuses due to random occurrences of violent acts. When these situations

G. Kukkala; N. Adechoubou; G. Negrin; L. Dinh; M. Capayachi

2009-01-01

227

International chemical safety cards and global harmonization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSCs) project began in 1986 and is an undertaking of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (UNEP, ILO and WHO). It is being developed in co-operation with the Commission of the European Communities. ICSCs are comprehensive, concise, and simple summaries of essential health and safety information on specific chemicals for use as basic information and

Richard W. Niemeier; Isaac Obadia

2001-01-01

228

North Carolina Child Health Report Card, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This sixth annual report card is produced to heighten awareness of the health of the children of North Carolina by summarizing important child health indicators. The report is intended to assist health administrators, legislators, and family advocates in their efforts to improve the health and safety of children statewide. Data are presented for…

North Carolina Child Advocacy Inst., Raleigh.

229

The Case for National DNA Identification Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foes of the United States have demonstrated their ability to strike at the heart of this country. Fear of renewed attacks and a desire for greater national security have now prompted many to call for improvements in the national personal identification system. In particular, the possibility of a national identification card containing the carrier's DNA information is being seriously considered.

Ben Quarmby

2003-01-01

230

Signing an organ donor card: Psychological factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality factors related to organ donor card signing were explored in a sample of 94 students. Nondonors scored higher on Tempter's Death Anxiety Scale, Collett-Lester Fear of Death of Self, Death of Others, and Dying of Self subscales, and a scale of physical anxiety. Donors scored higher on a Likert scale reflecting acceptance of dying and, not surprisingly, on self-efficacy

Rosemary A. Robbins

1990-01-01

231

The Activity Card Sort: A Factor Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factor analysis of the Activity Card Sort results for 53 Israeli college students and 131 older adults indicated that students were involved primarily in leisure, the elders in independent daily living activities. Five student activity categories were distinct; four elders' categories overlapped substantially. (Contains 19 references.) (SK)

Sachs, Dalia; Josman, Naomi

2003-01-01

232

The Activity Card Sort: A Factor Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Factor analysis of the Activity Card Sort results for 53 Israeli college students and 131 older adults indicated that students were involved primarily in leisure, the elders in independent daily living activities. Five student activity categories were distinct; four elders' categories overlapped substantially. (Contains 19 references.) (SK)|

Sachs, Dalia; Josman, Naomi

2003-01-01

233

Dealing with Student Credit Card Debt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While most college students use credit cards responsibly, it is estimated that more than one in ten students do not. These students are at risk for accumulating a level of debt that can seriously undermine their future. Offers ten suggestions for how institutions of higher education can help prevent this problem. (Author/MKA)|

Stanford, William E.

1999-01-01

234

Inexpensive Data Acquisition with a Sound Card  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Signal generators, oscilloscopes, and data acquisition (DAQ) systems are standard components of the modern experimental physics laboratory. The sound card, a built-in component in the ubiquitous personal computer, can be utilized for all three of these tasks and offers an attractive option for labs in developing countries such as…

Hassan, Umer; Pervaiz, Saad; Anwar, Muhammad Sabieh

2011-01-01

235

Microprocessor smart cards with fingerprint user authentication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the great increase in information technology systems where user authentication is needed, security relies on using PINs or passwords. The scientific community is trying to improve biometric techniques in order for them to be accepted as an alternative to other user authentication schemes. One sector where user identity must be verified is identification cards. In fact, if high

R. Sanchez-Reillo; C. Sanchez-Avila; L. Mengibar-Pozo

2002-01-01

236

Public Service and the Disappearing Card Catalog  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In January 1980, the Library of Congress will freeze its card catalogs preparatory to going online and adopt the cataloging rules of AACR 2. Related issues of particular interest to public service librarians include revisions of LC subject headings, possible use of arbitrary symbols for the shelflist, and the degree of linkage between the…

Kohl, David F.

1978-01-01

237

Library Cards for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents several reflections on the traditional card catalogues and RDF (Resource Description Framework), which is “the” standard for creating the Semantic Web. This work grew out of discussion between the authors after the Working Group on Metadata Schemes meeting held at IFLA conference in Buenos Aires (2004). The paper provides an overview of RDF from the perspective of

Charles McCathieNevile; Eva Méndez

2007-01-01

238

Checking Secure Interactions of Smart Card Applets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an approach enabling a smart card is- suer to verify that a new applet securely interacts with already down- loaded applets. A security policy has been dened that associates levels to applet attributes and methods and denes authorized flows between levels. We propose a technique based on model checking to verify that actual information flows between applets

Pierre Bieber; Jacques Cazin; Pierre Girard; Jean-louis Lanet; Virginie Wiels; Guy Zanon

2000-01-01

239

Printed Circuit Card Hybrid Fiber Optic Connector.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A hybrid connector is presented whereby both electrical and fiber optic cables are connected to a printed circuit card. The connector consists of a female half which contains a plurality of fiber optic contact inserts molded into the connector, and also f...

A. Flores

1982-01-01

240

Orson Scott Card’s Ender and Bean: The Exceptional Child as Hero  

Microsoft Academic Search

Orson Scott Card’s “school stories in outer space,” Ender’s Game and Ender’s Shadow, purportedly occur at the same time and tell the “same” story, but from the perspectives of two different child protagonists. Scenes in Ender’s Shadow even reproduce text from Ender’s Game. Nevertheless, 14 years elapsed between the publications of the two books. This essay brings child studies and exceptionality

Christine Doyle

2004-01-01

241

Quantitative determination of cellulose accessibility to cellulase based on adsorption of a nonhydrolytic fusion protein containing CBM and GFP with its applications.  

PubMed

Heterogeneous cellulose accessibility is an important substrate characteristic, but all methods for determining cellulose accessibility to the large-size cellulase molecule have some limitations. Characterization of cellulose accessibility to cellulase (CAC) is vital for better understanding of the enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis mechanism (Zhang and Lynd, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2004, 88, 797-824; 2006, 94, 888-898). Quantitative determination of cellulose accessibility to cellulase (m2/g of cellulose) was established based on the Langmuir adsorption of the fusion protein containing a cellulose-binding module (CBM) and a green fluorescent protein (GFP). One molecule of the recombinant fusion protein occupied 21.2 cellobiose lattices on the 110 face of bacterial cellulose nanofibers. The CAC values of several cellulosic materials -- regenerated amorphous cellulose (RAC), bacterial microcrystalline cellulose (BMCC), Whatman No. 1 filter paper, fibrous cellulose powder (CF1), and microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel) -- were 41.9, 33.5, 9.76, 4.53, and 2.38 m2/g, respectively. The CAC value of amorphous cellulose made from Avicel was 17.6-fold larger than that of crystalline cellulose - Avicel. Avicel enzymatic hydrolysis proceeded with a transition from substrate excess to substrate limited. The declining hydrolysis rates over conversion are mainly attributed to a combination of substrate consumption and a decrease in substrate reactivity. Declining heterogeneous cellulose reactivity is significantly attributed to a loss of CAC where the easily hydrolyzed cellulose fraction is digested first. PMID:17988165

Hong, Jiong; Ye, Xinhao; Zhang, Y-H Percival

2007-11-08

242

Access control by RFID and face recognition based on neural network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology has been widely adopted in access control system. However, the people holding the RFID card passing through the access control may not be the authorized one. Therefore, an access control system combining RFID technology and face recognition based on neural network is presented in this work. The system recognizes the face of the person holding

Dong-Liang Wu; Wing W. Y. Ng; Patrick P. K. Chan; Hai-Lan Ding; Bing-Zhong Jing; Daniel S. Yeung

2010-01-01

243

First-principles insights into p magnetism in CaC and CaN ionic compounds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Density functional—pseudopotential calculations are employed for more understanding of the exchange interaction in the novel p ferromagnetic CaC and CaN compounds in the rock-salt, zinc-blende, wurtzite and NiAs structures. It is observed that the generalized gradient functional give rises to a half-metallic or nearly half-metallic electronic structure for these systems. Comparing the structural properties in the ferromagnetic and nonmagnetic states clarifies that the bonding properties are almost independent of the exchange interaction in these systems. It is observed that the interatomic exchange interaction in these systems is quite strong and controls the splitting of the spin resolved bond points. The non-local Hartree–Fock based exchange correction is found to enhance the half-metallic behavior of the systems while preserving their equilibrium volume and compressibility.

Nourbakhsh, Zahra; Hashemifar, S. Javad; Akbarzadeh, Hadi

2013-09-01

244

Region-suited geography playing card deck with main information and place-filler suit cards; a companion deck; and games  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

This invention comprises a method for teaching/learning about the general location of major political units of contemporary society using a series of sets of decks of geography playing cards; each set of decks comprises a world regions deck, a suited country card deck, an unsuited country card deck and a blotswanna card deck. The world regions card deck represents contemporary settled earth and comprises a plurality of continental landmass area suits and a plurality of region cards. Each suited country card deck represents one continental area and comprises a plurality of region suits and a plurality of political unit or country cards. Each unsuited country card deck also represents one continental area and comprises a plurality of political unit or country cards. World regions and country card decks provide three different, and increasing, levels of card play difficulty. A blotswanna card deck comprises a plurality of cards, as well, and is used to structure the card play of regions and country card decks. Blotswanna cards structure use by mandating player compilation of a particular combination of cards from a deck and assigning varying point values to mandate achievement, from hand-to-hand of play. The blotswanna card deck, thus, structures learning and heightens excitement. Other novel features include improved directional-suit configurations and improved directional-suit naming conventions. Use of place-filler cards in country card decks enables development of locational suited decks wherein the suits of a deck have identical numbers of suit cards. Identical numbers of suit cards facilitate the play of adaptations of a number of popular card games. A card game developed for use with the invention and a version of the invention for use by young children are also included.

1999-07-27

245

User`s manual for the DAD-1 data acquisition daughter board for the SuperCard-2  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description of how to use the DAD-1 data acquisition daughter board is given. The DAD-1 daughter board is used with the SuperCard-2, a VME format processor board manufactured by CSP Inc. that is based on the Intel i860 microprocessor. The daughter board provides high speed acquisition of digital data through a general purpose input port. Data are transferred through direct memory access operations to the memory on the SuperCard-2 board at a rate up to 40 million, 14 bit samples per second. A first-in, first-out memory is used to buffer the data during the transfer. Several different data acquisition operating modes are available that make a combination of a SuperCard-2 processor board and a DAD-1 daughter board suitable for a wide range of real time data analysis and feedback control functions.

Ferron, J.R.

1993-05-01

246

Nonmarital sex and condom knowledge among Ethiopian young people: improved estimates using a nonverbal response card.  

PubMed

The accurate assessment of risky sexual behaviors and barriers to condom use is essential to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS. This study tests a new nonverbal response-card method for obtaining more accurate responses to sensitive questions in the context of face-to-face interviewer-administered questionnaires in a survey of 1,269 Ethiopian young people aged 13-24. Comparisons of responses between a control group that provided verbal responses and an experimental group that used the card indicate that the prevalence of nonmarital sexual intercourse may be two times higher and knowledge of condom access may be 22 percent lower in the study than typical population-survey methods suggest. These results suggest that our nonverbal response-card method yields less biased estimates of risky adolescent sexual behavior and perceived access to condoms than those derived from conventional face-to-face interviewer-administered surveys, and that this method provides an effective, easy-to-use, low-cost alternative. PMID:21465726

Lindstrom, David P; Belachew, Tefera; Hadley, Craig; Hattori, Megan Klein; Hogan, Dennis; Tessema, Fasil

2010-12-01

247

Benefits and weaknesses of health cards used in health information systems.  

PubMed

The acceptance-based success of modern health information systems and health networks highly depends on the respective involvement of all relevant partners into the communication and co-operation processes characterising the medical and administrative workflow. Personal information stored in a networking environment guarantee for fast access fulfilling advanced shared care requirements whereas security token like smart cards stand for identification purposes, data protection, privacy protection, access rights, and limited person-based information storage, e.g., for emergency procedures. Linking these means of information provision allows for making use of the benefits of the different technologies without ignoring their existing weaknesses. The presented paper intends to summarise the respective categories of benefits and weaknesses allowing the reader to implement cards in health information systems as well as with the related aspects of awareness, confidence, and acceptance. Concluding this analysis, the preferred way to deal with the challenges of modern healthcare and welfare requirements shall be a well-balanced combination of cards and networks. PMID:17108543

Pharow, Peter; Blobel, Bernd

2006-01-01

248

Astronomical Data Analysis on Graphics Cards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing detector sizes and advanced algorithms make astronomical data analysis tasks computationally demanding. Tools are therefore needed that simplify the development of parallel data analysis algorithms. Modern graphics cards offer a large amount of processing power at low cost and therefore have the potential to benefit these analyzes. However, the massively parallel nature of these devices makes them difficult to develop for. In this talk, we present a library of general purpose vector operations that can run on graphics cards. Bindings to widely used data analysis tools, including IDL and Matlab are provided, enabling scientists to take advantage of the enhanced processing power from within a familiar environment. We will present the programming interface and performance results for example applications.

Messmer, Peter; Mullowney, Paul; Galloy, Michael; Fillmore, David; Granger, Brian; Amyx, Keegan; Fillmore, David

2008-04-01

249

Dan M. Bowers on access control systems and industry trends.  

PubMed

The Bowers Report, Randallstown, MD, has announced the publication of the fifth edition of Access Control and Personal Identification Systems: Buyer's Guide and State-of-the-Art Report. The report provides information on access control techniques, devices, systems, and equipment--including card access, proximity readers, physical attributes, and computer security systems. In this interview, Dan M. Bowers, consulting engineer, discusses the latest trends in the access control industry and gives some advice to those thinking of purchasing an access control system. PMID:10117486

Bowers, D M

1992-03-01

250

Library Accessibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper addresses issues in libraries' architectural accessibility for disabled students. A history of awareness regarding accessibility is recounted and the increased acknowledgement of need for services for disabled persons is underlined. The author points out steps that may be undertaken to provide accessibility in ways other than major…

Wilson, Betty Ruth

251

Open access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Open-access journals are publishing at a pace that is not much faster than some recently launched subscription-based journals. The swiftest and surest route to full open-access publishing is then for funders, institutions and publishers to agree on the conditions for self-archiving in publicly accessible repositories.

2012-05-01

252

Access Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent library innovations, such as integrated library systems, access to electronic resources, emphasis on patrons' information needs in all formats, renewed interest in quality library services, and the expanded responsibilities of circulation departments have resulted in the merging of certain library functions into a new unit called access services. For this paper, access services is defined as those library functions

Joyce K. Thornton; Carolyn Warmann

2002-01-01

253

Web Accessibility and Accessibility Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates that programs and services be accessible to people with disabilities. While schools of library and information science (SLIS*) and university libraries should model accessible Web sites, this may not be the case. This article examines previous studies about the Web accessibility of…

Green, Ravonne A.; Huprich, Julia

2009-01-01

254

Intelligent card processing terminal of urban rail transit in Nanjing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to improve the compatibility, security and expandability of Automatic Fare Collection System in rail transit, and reduce the maintenance cost, intelligent card processing terminal is proposed in this paper. The operation flow and features of intelligent card processing terminal are analyzed in detailed, and the software and hardware structures and business treatment process are designed. Finally, the security mechanism of intelligent card processing terminal is summarized. The application results shows that Intelligent card processing terminal makes interconnection among lines easier, creates considerable economic efficiency and the social efficiency, and can be widely used.

Xia, Dechuan; Zhang, Xiaojun; Song, Yana; He, Tiejun

2011-10-01

255

High density printed electrical circuit board card connection system  

DOEpatents

A zero insertion/extraction force printed circuit board card connection system comprises a cam-operated locking mechanism disposed along an edge portion of the printed circuit board. The extrusions along the circuit board mate with an extrusion fixed to the card cage having a plurality of electrical connectors. The card connection system allows the connectors to be held away from the circuit board during insertion/extraction and provides a constant mating force once the circuit board is positioned. The card connection system provides a simple solution to the need for a greater number of electrical signal connections.

Baumbaugh, Alan E. (Aurora, IL)

1997-01-01

256

An Energy-Conserving Access Protocol for Wireless Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

A myriad of applications such as radio frequency identification (RFID) and smart card networks are emerging in which nodes are designed for extremely low-cost, large scale applications such that the replacement of batteries is not feasible. Energy conservation therefore becomes a major constraint. Classical access protocols are either not energy conserving or lead to unacceptable delays. In this paper, we

Imrich Chlamtac; Chiara Petrioli; Jason Redi

1997-01-01

257

Big6 Stage 3 - Location and Access Treasure Hunting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Locating sources and accessing the information they contain is part of the Big6 approach to information problem solving. In this stage of knowing where to look and how to find the required source, library media specialists train students in the use of the card catalog in the library media center.|

Darrow, Rob

2005-01-01

258

Report card--Murray-Darling Basin--2001.  

PubMed

Ongoing deterioration of the riverine environments of the Murray-Darling Basin led the Murray-Darling Basin Ministerial Council to introduce a Cap in 1995 to halt the growth in diversions of water for consumptive use. This initiative recognised the finite nature of water resources in the Basin and sought to introduce a balance between off-stream use of water and protection of the riverine environment. But the cap is only one step, albeit a fundamental one, in restoring the Basin's rivers--it is a "stake in the ground". Parties to the Murray-Darling Basin Initiative recognise the need to reverse decades of creeping decline if the Basin's rivers and riverine environments are to return to a more ecologically sustainable condition. In the last 12 months, Council and Commission have taken far-reaching decisions designed to restore the Basin's Rivers. Many of these decisions, even 10 years ago, would have been unimaginable. The Report Card will explain the need for a number of recent decisions that will impact on the future of the Basin's rivers. For example, Council's decision to establish an Environmental Manager function in the Office of the Commission was made in the context of the recently agreed Integrated Catchment Management (ICM) Policy, and supporting Sustainable Rivers Audit. The role of targets and accountabilities under the ICM Policy will also be discussed. The Report Card will also present a snapshot of the state of the Basin's rivers and the actions being taken at a range of scales and locations in response to identified problems. Because some of the key initiatives are still in development, this Report Card will set the scene by describing where our attention is being focused and why. PMID:12171345

Goss, K

2002-01-01

259

25 CFR 543.10 - What are the minimum internal control standards for card games?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...minimum internal control standards for card games? 543.10 Section 543.10 Indians...minimum internal control standards for card games? (a) Supervision. Supervision...transaction or independent of the card games department; or (2) A dealer may...

2013-04-01

260

19 CFR 112.48 - Revocation or suspension of identification cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...revocation or suspension of identification cards. An identification card issued pursuant to...shall suspend or revoke an identification card by serving notice...evidence and testimony of witnesses in such...

2013-04-01

261

75 FR 48642 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Tag Recapture Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Tag Recapture Card AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric...II. Method of Collection The recapture cards will be sent out to the constituents who will fill in the cards with the pertinent information when...

2010-08-11

262

77 FR 65166 - Information Collection; Request for Comment; Visitor Permit and Visitor Registration Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Visitor Permit and Visitor Registration Card AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...Visitor Permit and Visitor Registration Card). DATES: Comments must be received in...Visitor Permit and Visitor Registration Card. OMB Number: 0596-0019....

2012-10-25

263

77 FR 42753 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Application for Identification Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities: Application for Identification Card AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...concerning the Application for Identification Card (CBP Form 3078). This request for comment...Title: Application for Identification Card. OMB Number: 1651-0008. Form...

2012-07-20

264

78 FR 37561 - Extension of Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: TSA Customer Comment Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Under OMB Review: TSA Customer Comment Card AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration...Requirement Title: TSA Customer Comment Card. Type of Request: Revision of a currently...Abstract: 1652-0030; TSA Customer Comment Card. This renewal continues a voluntary...

2013-06-21

265

75 FR 73125 - Proposed Information Collection; National Park Service Visitor Survey Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Park Service Visitor Survey Card AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior...related to these goals. The Visitor Survey Card (VSC) project measures performance toward those goals through a short visitor survey card. The project is an element of the...

2010-11-29

266

Debug of IC-card chips assisted by FIB and in-situ mechanical microprobing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The value of mechanical micro-probes and FIB in IC design-debug is well understood. As device dimensions shrink, navigating micro-probes within a light microscope is almost impossible. SEM or FIB, which have higher resolution as well as greater depth of focus, overcome this limitation. FIB is, also, preferred for DUT probe-point creation because its higher milling resolution capability can provide better access to lower level metallizations. IC-card chips present an unique challenge; the backside of these are often insulated so grounding must occur on the exposed front-side. Further, because these IC-card chips are small, very careful setups are required before undertaking FIB modifications. Micro-probes within the FIB chamber solved this problem. Three micro-probes were used to stimulate the chip (input-clock, ground and power) with a fourth probe used to measure output nodes. Requested FIB modifications, including rewiring of poly-silicon traces, were completed. Contacting poly-silicon requires FIB-assisted XeF2 etching through the inter-level dielectric and both fast termination and removal of XeF2 from the chamber upon poly-silicon exposure. The technique for exposing poly-silicon is described in detail. The synergy of mechanical micro-probes within the FIB chamber benefited both techniques in the design-debug task. We summarize various IC-card packaging styles and requirements to ground, micro-probe, and establish a debug platform.

Jiang, Xiao D.; Yu, Xiang H.; Lundquist, Theodore R.

2001-10-01

267

Comparing a Computer-based Childhood Vaccination Registry with Parental Vaccination Cards: A Population-based Study of Delaware Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a population-based study in Delaware to examine the reliability of childhood vaccination data in a comprehensive computer-based record system versus parental vaccination cards. We sampled 1,005 children born betweenJanuary, 1991, and September, 1993. We oversampled for children whose mothers received Medicaid or were uninsured at the time of delivery. Of the survey responders, 276 (56%) had access to

Alexander N. Ortega; Stephen F. Andrews; Solomon H. Katz; Steven A. Dowshen; W. Scott Curtice; Mary E. Cannon; Denice C. L. Stewart; Kyra Kaiser

1997-01-01

268

Monitoring coral bleaching using a colour reference card  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment of the extent of coral bleaching has become an important part of studies that aim to understand the condition of coral reefs. In this study a reference card that uses differences in coral colour was developed as an inexpensive, rapid and non-invasive method for the assessment of bleaching. The card uses a 6 point brightness\\/saturation scale within four colour

U. E. Siebeck; N. J. Marshall; A. Klüter; Ove Hoegh-Guldberg

2006-01-01

269

IR Cards: Inquiry-Based Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As infrared spectroscopy (IR) is frequently used in undergraduate organic chemistry courses, an inductive introduction to IR spectroscopy that uses index cards printed with spectra, structures, and chemical names is described. Groups of students are given an alphabetized deck of these "IR cards" to sort into functional groups. The students then…

Bennett, Jacqueline; Forster, Tabetha

2010-01-01

270

The role of computer graphics cards in advancing electromagnetics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade video cards have grown from simple interfaces to the monitor to powerful computational engines. The rise in advanced graphics for games has driven the manufacturers of video cards to a more rapid development cycle producing computationally powerful chips. The current generation of advanced graphical processing units (GPU's) has over four times the number of transistors than

A. Z. Elsherbeni

2010-01-01

271

Adverse selection, search costs and sticky credit card rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several scholars of financial economics observed that during the 1980s, market interest rates declined continuously with little or no impact on credit card rates. Recently, Mey- ercord (1994), Sinkey and Nash (1993), and Sullivan and Worden (1995) recorded sigmficant changes in the credit card market intffcating an increased level of competi- tion. This study represents an attempt to determine the

O. Felix Ayadi

1997-01-01

272

Biomonitoring Brevetoxin Exposure in Mammals Using Blood Collection Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method has been tested in laboratory mice to monitor for the presence of brevetoxins in blood after exposure. The use of blood collection cards is an adaptation of a method employed for rou- tine diagnostic and genetic testing of newborns. Blood is collected and applied to a 0.5-inch diameter circle on a specially prepared blood collection card and allowed

Elizabeth R. Fairey; Noah G. Shuart; Mark Busman; Peter D. R. Moeller; John S. Ramsdell

273

Smart card technology integration in a higher education institution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of smart card technology in many industries locally and abroad is common nowadays. The technology is used in ensuring security and attaining functional capabilities. Based on an Internet search, there appears to be several reported cases of successful smart card technology implementation projects. However, there may not be as many challenged projects reported. In this paper, we report

I. H. Ahmad; N. A. A. Jamil; M. Azuddin; N. Mohamed

2010-01-01

274

Regulating debit cards: the case of ad valorem fees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debit cards have become an indispensable part of the U.S. payments system, accounting for more than a third of consumer payments at point of sale. With this development has come controversy: Card networks charge merchants fees that merchants believe are too high. And most of the fees are ad valorem that is, based on transaction value rather than fixed fees

Zhu Wang

2010-01-01

275

Elements--A Card Game of Chemical Names and Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Elements" is a competitive card game designed to help middle school students recognize and correlate the names and symbols of the most significant chemical elements. Each student is required to construct his or her own decks of playing cards--one with the names of the chemical elements and one with their corresponding symbols--and compete…

Sevcik, Richard S.; Hicks, O'Dell; Schultz, Linda D.; Alexander, Susan V.

2008-01-01

276

Household Need for Liquidity and the Credit Card Debt Puzzle  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 2001 U.S. Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), 27% of households report simultaneously revolving significant credit card debt and holding sizeable amounts of liquid assets. These consumers report paying, on average, a 14% interest rate on their debt, while earning only 1 or 2% on their liquid deposit accounts. This phenomenon is known as the “credit card debt puzzle”,

Irina A. Telyukova

2009-01-01

277

Household Need for Liquidity and the Credit Card Debt Puzzle  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 2001 U.S. Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), 27% of households report simultaneously revolving significant credit card debt and holding sizeable amounts of liquid assets. These consumers report paying, on average, a 14% interest rate on their debt, while earning only 1 or 2% on their liquid deposit accounts. This phenomenon is known as the “credit card debt puzzleâ€,

Irina Telyukova

2008-01-01

278

One in the eye to plastic card fraud  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the potential use of behavioural and physiological biometric techniques in the battle against credit card fraud in the retail environment. Discusses automatic speaker and dynamic signature verification, fingerprint and facial recognition, retinal and iris scanning, and hand and finger geometry. The requirement for recognition performance, speed of use, usability and customer acceptance, device and card cost are considered, along

Gail E. Torbet; Ian M. Marshall; Steve Jones

1995-01-01

279

12 CFR 226.12 - Special credit card provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Special credit card provisions. 226.12 Section 226.12... TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.12 Special credit card provisions. (a) Issuance of credit...

2013-01-01

280

Using Playing Cards to Simulate a Molecular Clock  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Changes in DNA base-repair may serve as an indicator of the time elapsed since divergence from a common ancestor. DNA sequences can now be analyzed. The simulation presented in this article allows students to observe the accumulation of changes in a randomly mutating sequence of playing cards. The cards are analogous to DNA nucleotide or protein…

Westerling, Karin E.

2008-01-01

281

IR Cards: Inquiry-Based Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As infrared spectroscopy (IR) is frequently used in undergraduate organic chemistry courses, an inductive introduction to IR spectroscopy that uses index cards printed with spectra, structures, and chemical names is described. Groups of students are given an alphabetized deck of these "IR cards" to sort into functional groups. The students then…

Bennett, Jacqueline; Forster, Tabetha

2010-01-01

282

Disentangling Dimensions in the Dimensional Change Card-Sorting Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dimensional change card-sorting task (DCCS task) is frequently used to assess young children's executive abilities. However, the source of children's difficulty with this task is still under debate. In the standard DCCS task, children have to sort, for example, test cards with a red cherry or a blue banana into two boxes marked with target…

Kloo, Daniela; Perner, Josef

2005-01-01

283

Challenging Confucius: Western banks in the Chinese credit card market  

Microsoft Academic Search

China has commanded a great deal of interest from virtually all U.S. business sectors. The Chinese credit card market is now particularly intriguing for Western banks. This article examines the strategic minefield that Western banks must navigate as they attempt to compete in the Chinese credit card industry. As an example, Bank of America (BOA)—fresh from purchasing a 9% interest

Justin W. Evans

2008-01-01

284

The Urp-1 Device for Deciphering Punched Cards.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An 80-column punched card reader whose construction is based on the K80-6 card verifier is described. The URP-1 reader decodes punched apertures and simultaneously prints this information (number from 0 to 9) at a speed of 10 characters/sec on the 12th ca...

K. K. Beletskii

1968-01-01

285

Reverse Engineering Java Card Applets Using Power Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power analysis on smart cards is widely used to obtain infor- mation about implemented cryptographic algorithms. We propose sim- ilar methodology for Java Card applets reverse engineering. Because power analysis alone does not provide enough information, we refine our methodology by involving additional information sources. Issues like distinguishing between bytecodes performing similar tasks and reverse engineering of conditional branches and

Dennis Vermoen; Marc F. Witteman; Georgi Gaydadjiev

2007-01-01

286

From Finite State Machines to Provably Correct Java Card Applets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a systematic approach to developing Java Card ap- plets and\\/or formal specications for them, starting from descriptions in the form of nite state machines. The formal specications are written in the specication language JML, and can be checked against Java Card source code using the static checker ESC\\/Java.

Engelbert Hubbers; Martijn Oostdijk; Erik Poll

2003-01-01

287

Model Checking of Multi-Applet JavaCard Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a framework for model checking JavaCard applets on the bytecode level. From a set of JavaCard applets we extract their method call graphs using a static analysis tool. The resulting structure is translated into a pushdown system for which the model checking problem for Linear Tem- poral Logic (LTL) is decidable, and for which there are ecient

Gennady Chugunov; Lars-åke Fredlund; Dilian Gurov

2002-01-01

288

[Card-based age control mechanisms at tobacco vending machines. Effect and consequences].  

PubMed

Until recently, 700,000 tobacco vending machines provided uncontrolled access to cigarettes for children and adolescents in Germany. On January 1, 2007, a card-based electronic locking device was attached to all tobacco vending machines to prevent the purchase of cigarettes by children and adolescents under 16. Starting in 2009, only persons older than 18 are able to buy cigarettes from tobacco vending machines. The aim of the present investigation (SToP Study: "Sources of Tobacco for Pupils" Study) was to assess changes in the number of tobacco vending machines after the introduction of these new technical devices (supplier's reaction). In addition, the ways smoking adolescents make purchases were assessed (consumer's reaction). We registered and mapped the total number of tobacco points of sale (tobacco POS) before and after the introduction of the card-based electronic locking device in two selected districts of the city of Cologne. Furthermore, pupils from local schools (response rate: 83%) were asked about their tobacco consumption and ways of purchase using a questionnaire. Results indicated that in the area investigated the total number of tobacco POSs decreased from 315 in 2005 to 277 in 2007. The rates of decrease were 48% for outdoor vending machines and 8% for indoor vending machines. Adolescents reported circumventing the card-based electronic locking devices (e.g., by using cards from older friends) and using other tobacco POSs (especially newspaper kiosks) or relying on their social network (mainly friends). The decreasing number of tobacco vending machines has not had a significant impact on cigarette acquisition by adolescent smokers as they tend to circumvent the newly introduced security measures. PMID:20127298

Schneider, S; Meyer, C; Löber, S; Röhrig, S; Solle, D

2010-02-01

289

A smart-card-enabled privacy preserving E-prescription system.  

PubMed

Within the overall context of protection of health care information, privacy of prescription data needs special treatment. First, the involvement of diverse parties, especially nonmedical parties in the process of drug prescription complicates the protection of prescription data. Second, both patients and doctors have privacy stakes in prescription, and their privacy should be equally protected. Third, the following facts determine that prescription should not be processed in a truly anonymous manner: certain involved parties conduct useful research on the basis of aggregation of prescription data that are linkable with respect to either the patients or the doctors; prescription data has to be identifiable in some extreme circumstances, e.g., under the court order for inspection and assign liability. In this paper, we propose an e-prescription system to address issues pertaining to the privacy protection in the process of drug prescription. In our system, patients' smart cards play an important role. For one thing, the smart cards are implemented to be portable repositories carrying up-to-date personal medical records and insurance information, providing doctors instant data access crucial to the process of diagnosis and prescription. For the other, with the secret signing key being stored inside, the smart card enables the patient to sign electronically the prescription pad, declaring his acceptance of the prescription. To make the system more realistic, we identify the needs for a patient to delegate his signing capability to other people so as to protect the privacy of information housed on his card. A strong proxy signature scheme achieving technologically mutual agreements on the delegation is proposed to implement the delegation functionality. PMID:15055801

Yang, Yanjiang; Han, Xiaoxi; Bao, Feng; Deng, Robert H

2004-03-01

290

Site Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let us know.

291

Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

Suber, Peter

2012-01-01

292

Fabrication of Cantilever-Bump Type Si Probe Card  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Probe card is most important part in the test system which selects the good or bad chip of integrated circuit (IC) chips. Silicon vertical probe card is able to test multiple semiconductor chips simultaneously. We presented cantilever-bump type vertical probe card. It was fabricated by dry etching using RIE(reactive ion etching) technique and porous silicon micromachining using silicon direct bonded (SDB) wafer. Cantilevers and bumps were fabricated by isotropic etching using RIE@. 3-dimensional structures were formed by porous silicon micromachining technique using SDB wafer. Contact resistance of fabricated probe card was less than 2 ? and its life time was more than 200,000 turns. The process used in this work is very simple and reproducible, which has good controllability in the tip dimension and spacing. It is expected that the fabricated probe card can reduce testing time, can promote productivity and enables burn-in test.

Park, Jeong-Yong; Lee, Dong-Seok; Kim, Dong-Kwon; Lee, Jong-Hyun

2000-12-01

293

Improvements in computer-aided detection\\/computer-aided classification (CAD\\/CAC) of bottom mines through post analysis of a diverse set of very shallow water (VSW) environmental test data  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999 Raytheon adapted its shallow-water Side-Looking Sonar (SLS) Computer Aided Detection\\/Computer Aided Classification (CAD\\/CAC) algorithm to process side-scan sonar data obtained with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute's Remote Environmental Monitoring Units (REMUS) autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). To date, Raytheon has demonstrated the ability to effectively execute mine-hunting missions with the REMUS vehicle through the fusion of its CAD\\/CAC algorithm

Charles M. Ciany; William C. Zurawski

2004-01-01

294

Secure identity authentication and logical access control for airport information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose identity authentication by using a contactless smart card (CSC) with multiple biometric features for secure logical access to improve airport security. Proper identification of a cardholder with reliable data securely stored in a CSC provides a means to validate and audit access into a computer or communications network. We recommend the CSC because it facilitates fast, secure physical

M. W. David; G. A. Hussein; K. Sakurai

2003-01-01

295

Maxed out: The Relationship between Credit Card Debt, Credit Card Distress and Grade Point Averages for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few students leave college with a plan for paying off their debt. Starting a career inundated with student loans and credit card debt burdens is a reality many college students face today. In the wake of graduation coming to terms with the consequences of credit card debt is stressful for many students. This dissertation observes the relationship…

Smith, Temple Day

2011-01-01

296

Mobile access control vestibule  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mobile access control vestibule (MACV) is an adaptation of techniques developed for mobile military command centers. The overall configuration of modules acts as an entry control/screening facility or transportable command center. The system would provide the following capabilities: (1) A key element for force protection, rapid deployment units sent to areas having no prepositioned equipment or where there has been a degradation of that equipment as a result of natural disasters or civil unrest. (2) A rapidly deployable security control center to upgrade the security at nonmilitary sites (e.g., diplomatic or humanitarian organizations). (3) Personnel screening, package screening, badge/identification card production for authorized personnel, centralized monitoring of deployed perimeter sensors, and centralized communications for law enforcement personnel. (4) Self-contained screening and threat detection systems, including explosives detection using the system developed by Sandia National Laboratories for the FAA. When coupled with transportable electric generators, the system is self-sufficient. The communication system for the MACV would be a combination of physically wired and wireless communication units that supports by ad hoc networking.

Depoy, Jennifer M.

1998-12-01

297

Equal Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an interview with Stephen McCarthy, co-partner and president of Equal Access ADA Consulting Architects of San Diego, California, about designing schools to naturally integrate compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). (EV)|

De Patta, Joe

2003-01-01

298

Aperture cards: Sequoyah Nuclear Plant (Engineering Materials)  

SciTech Connect

These aperture cards contain the accident sequence analyses for Sequoyah, Unit 1, one of the reference plants being examined as part of the NUREG-1150 effort by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). NUREG-1150 will document the risk of a selected group of nuclear power plants. As part of that work, this report contains the overall core damage frequency estimate for Sequoyah, Unit 1, and the accompanying plant damage state frequencies. Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses provided additional insights regarding the dominant contributors to the Sequoyah core damage frequency estimate. The numerical-results are influenced by modeling assumptions and data selection for issues such as reactor coolant pump seal LOCA, common cause failure probabilities, and operator response to emergency conditions such as small LOCA and station blackout. The sensitivity studies explored the impact of alternate theories and data on these issues.

Not Available

1987-02-01

299

Accessing Hardware  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be truly useful, an embedded device must be able to interface with hardware components. This chapter describes how you\\u000a can access general purpose input\\/output (GPIO) ports, transfer data with the RS232 serial port, and interface with devices\\u000a on the inter-integrated circuit (I2C) and serial peripheral interface (SPI) busses. Further, you will learn how to access files on mass storage

Jens Kühner

300

The Swipe Card Model of Odorant Recognition  

PubMed Central

Just how we discriminate between the different odours we encounter is not completely understood yet. While obviously a matter involving biology, the core issue is a matter for physics: what microscopic interactions enable the receptors in our noses-small protein switches—to distinguish scent molecules? We survey what is and is not known about the physical processes that take place when we smell things, highlighting the difficulties in developing a full understanding of the mechanics of odorant recognition. The main current theories, discussed here, fall into two major groups. One class emphasises the scent molecule's shape, and is described informally as a “lock and key” mechanism. But there is another category, which we focus on and which we call “swipe card” theories: the molecular shape must be good enough, but the information that identifies the smell involves other factors. One clearly-defined “swipe card” mechanism that we discuss here is Turin's theory, in which inelastic electron tunnelling is used to discern olfactant vibration frequencies. This theory is explicitly quantal, since it requires the molecular vibrations to take in or give out energy only in discrete quanta. These ideas lead to obvious experimental tests and challenges. We describe the current theory in a form that takes into account molecular shape as well as olfactant vibrations. It emerges that this theory can explain many observations hard to reconcile in other ways. There are still some important gaps in a comprehensive physics-based description of the central steps in odorant recognition. We also discuss how far these ideas carry over to analogous processes involving other small biomolecules, like hormones, steroids and neurotransmitters. We conclude with a discussion of possible quantum behaviours in biology more generally, the case of olfaction being just one example. This paper is presented in honour of Prof. Marshall Stoneham who passed away unexpectedly during its writing.

Brookes, Jennifer C.; Horsfield, Andrew P.; Stoneham, A. Marshall

2012-01-01

301

The swipe card model of odorant recognition.  

PubMed

Just how we discriminate between the different odours we encounter is not completely understood yet. While obviously a matter involving biology, the core issue isa matter for physics: what microscopic interactions enable the receptors in our noses-small protein switches—to distinguish scent molecules? We survey what is and is not known about the physical processes that take place when we smell things, highlighting the difficulties in developing a full understanding of the mechanics of odorant recognition. The main current theories, discussed here, fall into two major groups. One class emphasises the scent molecule's shape, and is described informally as a "lock and key" mechanism. But there is another category, which we focus on and which we call "swipe card" theories:the molecular shape must be good enough, but the information that identifies the smell involves other factors. One clearly-defined "swipe card" mechanism that we discuss here is Turin's theory, in which inelastic electron tunnelling is used to discern olfactant vibration frequencies. This theory is explicitly quantal, since it requires the molecular vibrations to take in or give out energy only in discrete quanta. These ideas lead to obvious experimental tests and challenges. We describe the current theory in a form that takes into account molecular shape as well as olfactant vibrations. It emerges that this theory can explain many observations hard to reconcile in other ways. There are still some important gaps in a comprehensive physics-based description of the central steps in odorant recognition. We also discuss how far these ideas carry over to analogous processes involving other small biomolecules, like hormones, steroids and neurotransmitters. We conclude with a discussion of possible quantum behaviours in biology more generally, the case of olfaction being just one example. This paper is presented in honour of Prof. Marshall Stoneham who passed away unexpectedly during its writing. PMID:23202229

Brookes, Jennifer C; Horsfield, Andrew P; Stoneham, A Marshall

2012-11-12

302

Printed cards for measuring low-vision reading speed.  

PubMed

There is a growing consensus that clinical evaluation of the real-world consequences of eye disease requires new performance-based tests. This is because Snellen acuity and other common clinical tests are often poor predictors of everyday function. Ahn and Legge [(1995) Vision Research, 35, 1931-1938] validated a computerized test of reading speed by showing that it provides an accurate prediction of low-vision reading performance with magnifiers. Here, we describe development of a printed-card version of the test suitable for clinical use. This printed-card test retains key design features of the validated computerized test, including the same set of sentences and display format. Data from 23 low-vision subjects showed that a very simple testing procedure using printed cards and a stop watch could be used effectively to estimate reading speed. Reading speed based on a single card was quite accurate (SD equal to about 18% of the mean) and showed no practice effects from one card to the next. Reading speeds obtained with printed cards correlated highly (r = 0.887) with those from computerized testing. We conclude that a simple test, using printed cards, can be used to obtain useful estimates of low-vision reading speed. PMID:7660599

Ahn, S J; Legge, G E; Luebker, A

1995-07-01

303

On the utility of graphics cards to perform massively parallel simulation of advanced Monte Carlo methods  

PubMed Central

We present a case-study on the utility of graphics cards to perform massively parallel simulation of advanced Monte Carlo methods. Graphics cards, containing multiple Graphics Processing Units (GPUs), are self-contained parallel computational devices that can be housed in conventional desktop and laptop computers and can be thought of as prototypes of the next generation of many-core processors. For certain classes of population-based Monte Carlo algorithms they offer massively parallel simulation, with the added advantage over conventional distributed multi-core processors that they are cheap, easily accessible, easy to maintain, easy to code, dedicated local devices with low power consumption. On a canonical set of stochastic simulation examples including population-based Markov chain Monte Carlo methods and Sequential Monte Carlo methods, we nd speedups from 35 to 500 fold over conventional single-threaded computer code. Our findings suggest that GPUs have the potential to facilitate the growth of statistical modelling into complex data rich domains through the availability of cheap and accessible many-core computation. We believe the speedup we observe should motivate wider use of parallelizable simulation methods and greater methodological attention to their design.

Lee, Anthony; Yau, Christopher; Giles, Michael B.; Doucet, Arnaud; Holmes, Christopher C.

2011-01-01

304

The Cold Dark Matter Search test stand warm electronics card  

SciTech Connect

A card which does the signal processing for four SQUID amplifiers and two charge sensitive channels is described. The card performs the same functions as is presently done with two custom 9U x 280mm Eurocard modules, a commercial multi-channel VME digitizer, a PCI to GPIB interface, a PCI to VME interface and a custom built linear power supply. By integrating these functions onto a single card and using the power over Ethernet standard, the infrastructure requirements for instrumenting a Cold Dark Matter Search (CDMS) detector test stand are significantly reduced.

Hines, Bruce; /Colorado U., Denver; Hansen, Sten; /Fermilab; Huber, Martin; /Colorado U., Denver; Kiper, Terry; /Fermilab; Rau, Wolfgang; /Queen's U., Kingston; Saab, Tarek; /Florida U.; Seitz, Dennis; Sundqvist, Kyle; /UC, Berkeley; Mandic, Vuk; /Minnesota U.

2010-11-01

305

JUST SAY “CHARGE IT”: THE USE OF CREDIT CARDS IN ENTREPRENEURIAL STARTUPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper reviews the use of credit cards insmall business startupsand for everyday use by entrepreneurs. Credit cards, especially those classified as personal accounts, have become a surrogate for traditional sources of capital by bootstrappers. Indeed, the use of credit cards is among several methods,entrepreneurs have adopted to launch businesses. The use of credit cards can be hazardous. On

Robert J. Lahm

306

Credit cards in a Chinese cultural context—The young, affluent Chinese as early adopters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the attitudes of early adopters towards holding and using credit cards, especially how the ‘young and affluent Chinese’ view credit cards, in the Chinese cultural context. The findings indicate that frequent users of credit cards are more inclined to agree that: they display traits of new product adopters; credit cards offer them greater convenience; and others regard

Steve Worthington; Frauke Mattison Thompson; David B. Stewart

2011-01-01

307

Measuring Up 2004: The State Report Card on Higher Education. West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This state report card is derived from "Measuring Up 2004," the national report card for higher education. Its purpose is to provide the public and policymakers with information to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2004" is the third in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

308

Measuring Up 2004: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Montana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This state report card is derived from "Measuring Up 2004," the national report card for higher education. Its purpose is to provide the public and policymakers with information to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2004" is the third in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

309

FACTORS DETERMINING THE OWNERSHIP OF ISLAMIC CREDIT CARD IN MALAYSIA: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islamic Credit Card has started its first innovation in Malaysia in the year 2002 with Arab Malaysian Bank (AMbank) - Al-Taslif Card. But, the society does not really aware and interested on the new invention until another Islamic Credit Card emerged under Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad with Bank Islam Card. With a great promotion done, BIMB is known as the

Syahidawati Haji Shahwan

2008-01-01

310

Jeu de cartes or Jeu Descartes: Business Cards in a French Course for the Professions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the use of French business cards in a college-level French language and culture course for professionals. Among other assignments, students were each given a different card and asked to speak about the design of their card, the business represented, idiomatic expressions and historical allusions on the card, and the use of…

Gegerias, Mary

311

Charging up a mountain of debt: households and their credit cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

I use the Surveys of Consumer Finances conducted in 1983, 1989 and 1992 to separate the growth of credit card debt into two categories, changes in the number of households with credit cards and changes in households credit card debt. I can then account for the relative contributions of increases in credit card availability, number of households, and average credit

Yoo; Peter S

1996-01-01

312

Measuring Up 2004: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Alaska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This state report card is derived from "Measuring Up 2004," the national report card for higher education. Its purpose is to provide the public and policymakers with information to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2004" is the third in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

313

Measuring Up 2004: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Delaware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This state report card is derived from "Measuring Up 2004," the national report card for higher education. Its purpose is to provide the public and policymakers with information to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2004" is the third in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

314

Measuring Up 2004: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Utah  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This state report card is derived from "Measuring Up 2004," the national report card for higher education. Its purpose is to provide the public and policymakers with information to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2004" is the third in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

315

Airplane Stability Calculations with a Card Programmable Pocket Calculator.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Programs are presented for calculating airplane stability characteristics with a card programmable pocket calculator. These calculations include eigenvalues of the characteristic equations of lateral and longitudinal motion as well as stability parameters...

W. L. Sherman

1978-01-01

316

Establishment of a Dollar Threshold to Preclude Credit Card Reconciliation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The government credit card program was instituted to streamline the federal acquisition process for material that costs less than $2,500 (small purchases). However, the reconciliation procedures were not streamlined. All dollar value discrepancies between...

K. Waskow

1998-01-01

317

Recall of BD CMVScan Card Test Kit-Becton Dickinson ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Recall of BD CMVScan Card Test Kit-Becton Dickinson Diagnostics. DATE RECALL INITIATED: ... Becton Dickinson Diagnostics Sparks, MD. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

318

State Higher Education Report Cards: What's in a Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subjected the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education's (NCPPHE's) recent state-by-state higher education report card to an independent analysis. All analyses resulted in significant relationships, which are compared with those offered by the NCPPHE. (EV)

Martinez, Mario C.; Farias, Jaime; Arellano, Eduardo

2002-01-01

319

Guidelines for the Accreditation of Personal Identity Verification Card Issuers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this SP is to provide appropriate and useful guidelines for accrediting the reliability of issuers of Personal Identity Verification cards that are established to collect, store, and disseminate personal identity credentials and issue smart...

D. Bailey D. Branstad N. Ghadiali R. Chandramouli

2008-01-01

320

Probing a resonant circuit with a PC sound card  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss an inexpensive experimental system that enables us to generate and acquire electronic signals using only a personal computer and its sound card to study the resonance of an RLC oscillator circuit.

Magno, W. C.; de Araújo, A. E. P.; Lucena, M. A.; Montarroyos, E.; Chesman, C.

2007-02-01

321

Regulation of NF-?B by the CARD proteins  

PubMed Central

Summary Scaffold proteins play pivotal roles in the regulation of signal transduction pathways by connecting upstream receptors to downstream effector molecules. During last decade, many scaffold proteins that contain caspase-recruitment domain (CARD) have been identified. Investigating the roles of CARD proteins has revealed that many play crucial roles in signaling cascades that lead to activation of nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B). In this review, we discuss the contributions of CARD proteins to NF-?B activation in various signaling cascades. In particular, we share some of our personal experiences during the initial investigation of the functions of the CARMA family of CARD proteins and then summarize the roles of these proteins in signaling pathways induced by antigen receptors, G protein-coupled receptors, receptor tyrosine kinase, and C-type lectin receptors in the context of recent progress in the field.

Jiang, Changying; Lin, Xin

2012-01-01

322

48 CFR 2913.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...documentation than other methods of purchasing. However, the same legal restrictions apply to credit card purchases that apply...Solicitor as necessary. (b) GAO decisions surrounding the concept of the âavailability of appropriationsâ are often...

2011-10-01

323

48 CFR 2913.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...documentation than other methods of purchasing. However, the same legal restrictions apply to credit card purchases that apply...Solicitor as necessary. (b) GAO decisions surrounding the concept of the âavailability of appropriationsâ are often...

2012-10-01

324

Information Security: Securing Smart Cards With IRIS Recognition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the application of iris recognition technology to the problem of keeping smart cards secure. In order to understand the technology, a comprehensive literature review was conducted. The biological components of the iris were examined t...

O. E. Phelps

2001-01-01

325

Secrets of a Flash Card-Carrying Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Eight ways to use flash cards in mathematics instruction are described. These games and other gimmicks help increase students' concentration, build memory skills, sharpen thinking skills, and enliven drills. (PP)|

Hawkes, Mel

1983-01-01

326

48 CFR 2413.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...purchase card. 2413.301 Section 2413.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition...

2011-10-01

327

48 CFR 2413.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...purchase card. 2413.301 Section 2413.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition...

2012-10-01

328

16 CFR 700.7 - Use of warranty registration cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE MAGNUSON-MOSS WARRANTY ACT INTERPRETATIONS OF MAGNUSON-MOSS WARRANTY ACT § 700.7 Use of warranty registration cards. (a) Under section...

2013-01-01

329

78 FR 39020 - Market Test on Gift Cards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing requesting a temporary extension of a market test on gift cards. This notice informs the public of the filing, invites public comment, and takes other administrative...

2013-06-28

330

Using colour information to understand censorship cards of film archives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many European film archives are involved in the digitization of 20th century historical paper documents. In the context of\\u000a the IST project COLLATE three of them were interested in the semi-automatic annotation of censorship cards and their subsequent\\u000a retrieval on the basis of both annotations and content. Processing censorship cards, which is the main subject of this paper,\\u000a leads to

Oronzo Altamura; Margherita Berardi; Michelangelo Ceci; Donato Malerba; Antonio Varlaro

2007-01-01

331

Operating a Geiger Müller tube using a PC sound card  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a simple MATLAB-based PC program that enables the computer to function as a replacement for the electronic scalar-counter system associated with a Geiger-Müller (GM) tube is described. The program utilizes the ability of MATLAB to acquire data directly from the computer sound card. The signal from the GM tube is applied to the computer sound card via

A. A. Azooz

2009-01-01

332

Here comes the wallet phone [wireless credit card  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses NTT DoCoMo's latest offering, the wireless credit card. DoCoMo, Japan's largest cellphone system operator, is working with major travel and banking organizations to extend the reach of its e-wallet service. These wallet phones are equipped with a wireless smart card chip, called FeliCa, and can be used to make electronic purchases at stores or vending machines, act

J. Boyd

2005-01-01

333

Data acquisition card for varian electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometers  

Microsoft Academic Search

An easy to assemble and inexpensive PC card that interfaces E-Line Varian spectrometers (E-6, E-9, E-12 and E-15) with IBM\\u000a compatible PCs is presented. The card has a Programmable Interval Timer so it does not need an external clock making it instrument\\u000a independent. The accessory contains its own RAM. This allows the device to store the spectrum while sampling is

S. Galindo; R. Peña

1995-01-01

334

Developing a Trojan applets in a smart card  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method to inject a mutable Java Card applet into a smart card. This code can on demand parse the memory\\u000a in order to search for a given pattern and eliminate it. One of these key features is to bypass security checks or retrieve\\u000a secret data from other applets. We evaluate the countermeasures against this attack and

Julien Iguchi-Cartigny; Jean-Louis Lanet

2010-01-01

335

Expanding Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is no question that the United States lags behind most industrialized nations in consumer access to broadband Internet service. For many policy makers and activists, this shortfall marks the latest phase in the struggle to overcome the digital divide. To remedy this lack of broadband affordability and availability, one start-up firm--with…

Roach, Ronald

2007-01-01

336

Comprehensive aerological reference data set (CARDS)  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of anthropogenic climate change has reached the attention of Government officials and researchers. However, one cannot study climate change without climate data. The CARDS project will produce high-quality upper-air data for the research community and for policy-makers. The authors intend to produce a dataset which is: easy to use, as complete as possible, as free of random errors as possible. They will also attempt to identify biases and remove them whenever possible. In this report, they relate progress toward their goal. They created a robust new format for archiving upper-air data, and designed a relational database structure to hold them. The authors have converted 13 datasets to the new format and have archived over 10,000,000 individual soundings from 10 separate data sources. They produce and archive a metadata summary of each sounding they load. They have researched station histories, and have built a preliminary upper-air station history database. They have converted station-sorted data from their primary database into synoptic-sorted data in a parallel database. They have tested and will soon implement an advanced quality-control procedure, capable of detecting and often repairing errors in geopotential height, temperature, humidity, and wind. This unique quality-control method uses simultaneous vertical, horizontal, and temporal checks of several meteorological variables. It can detect errors other methods cannot.

Eskridge, R.E.; Polansky, A.C.; Alduchov, O.A. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Asheville, NC (United States). National Climatic Data Center] [and others

1997-11-01

337

Structure of the CAC1 gene and in situ characterization of its expression. The Arabidopsis thaliana gene coding for the biotin-containing subunit of the plastidic acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase.  

PubMed

The CAC1 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana that codes for the biotin carboxyl-carrier subunit of the heteromeric acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase was isolated and sequenced. CAC1 is a single-copy gene interrupted by six introns. Subcellular immunogold labeling indicates that the biotin carboxyl-carrier subunit is localized in the stroma of the plastids and chloroplasts. The CAC1 mRNA accumulates throughout developing embryos and ovules of siliques at a time of rapid growth and oil accumulation (7 d after flowering), but is present at much lower levels in wall cells and central septal cells of the silique. Immunolocalization studies show that the pattern of accumulation of the biotin carboxyl-carrier subunit within the siliques and leaves is similar to that of the CAC1 mRNA. These observations indicate that the cellular pattern of biotin carboxyl-carrier protein accumulation in the developing silique may be determined by the transcriptional activity of the CAC1 gene. PMID:9046589

Ke, J; Choi, J K; Smith, M; Horner, H T; Nikolau, B J; Wurtele, E S

1997-02-01

338

Congressional Regulation of Credit Card Interest Rates: The Case of Credit Card Fair Fee Act of 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Credit Card Fair Fee Act of 2008 was introduced as a bill in 2008 following an increased uproar from the public regarding the current system of setting fees that merchants pay for credit card transactions. Many viewed the current system as unfair, unjust, anti-competitive and secretive with the hidden fees.\\u000aThe bill was introduced in the House Judiciary Committee

Yvonne Shilenge

2009-01-01

339

Selective production of 1,2-propylene glycol from Jerusalem artichoke tuber using Ni-W(2) C/AC catalysts.  

PubMed

A series of Ni-promoted W(2) C/activated carbon (AC) catalysts were investigated for the catalytic conversion of Jerusalem artichoke tuber (JAT) under hydrothermal conditions and hydrogen pressure. Even a small amount of Ni could greatly promote the conversion of JAT to 1,2-propylene glycol (1,2-PG), whereas the pure W(2) C/AC catalyst resulted in the selective formation of acetol. The product distribution profiles involving the reaction temperature, time, and H(2) pressure indicated that 1,2-PG formed as a result of acetol hydrogenation, which was catalyzed by Ni. Thus, there was a synergy between W(2) C and Ni, and the best performance yielded 38.5% of 1,2-PG over a 4%Ni-20%W(2) C/AC catalyst at 245°C, 6 MPa H(2) , and 80 min. To understand the reaction process, some important intermediates, such as inulin, fructose, acetol, glyceraldehyde, and 1,3-dihydroxyacetone, were used as the feedstock. Based on the product distributions derived from these intermediates, a reaction pathway was proposed, where JAT was first hydrolyzed into a mixture of fructose and glucose under the catalysis of H(+) , then the sugars underwent a retro-aldol reaction followed by hydrogenation catalyzed by Ni-W(2) C. PMID:22407966

Zhou, Likun; Wang, Aiqin; Li, Changzhi; Zheng, Mingyuan; Zhang, Tao

2012-03-07

340

Genetic Profiling Reveals Cross-Contamination and Misidentification of 6 Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Cell Lines: ACC2, ACC3, ACCM, ACCNS, ACCS and CAC2  

PubMed Central

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common malignant neoplasm of the salivary glands. Most patients survive more than 5 years after surgery and postoperative radiation therapy. The 10 year survival rate, however, drops to 40%, due to locoregional recurrences and distant metastases. Improving long-term survival in ACC requires the development of more effective systemic therapies based on a better understanding of the biologic behavior of ACC. Much preclinical research in this field involves the use of cultured cells and, to date, several ACC cell lines have been established. Authentication of these cell lines, however, has not been reported. We performed DNA fingerprint analysis on six ACC cell lines using short tandem repeat (STR) examinations and found that all six cell lines had been contaminated with other cells. ACC2, ACC3, and ACCM were determined to be cervical cancer cells (HeLa cells), whereas the ACCS cell line was composed of T24 urinary bladder cancer cells. ACCNS and CAC2 cells were contaminated with cells derived from non-human mammalian species: the cells labeled ACCNS were mouse cells and the CAC2 cells were rat cells. These observations suggest that future studies using ACC cell lines should include cell line authentication to avoid the use of contaminated or non-human cells.

Phuchareon, Janyaporn; Ohta, Yoshihito; Woo, Jonathan M.; Eisele, David W.; Tetsu, Osamu

2009-01-01

341

GeneCards Version 3: the human gene integrator.  

PubMed

GeneCards (www.genecards.org) is a comprehensive, authoritative compendium of annotative information about human genes, widely used for nearly 15 years. Its gene-centric content is automatically mined and integrated from over 80 digital sources, resulting in a web-based deep-linked card for each of >73,000 human gene entries, encompassing the following categories: protein coding, pseudogene, RNA gene, genetic locus, cluster and uncategorized. We now introduce GeneCards Version 3, featuring a speedy and sophisticated search engine and a revamped, technologically enabling infrastructure, catering to the expanding needs of biomedical researchers. A key focus is on gene-set analyses, which leverage GeneCards' unique wealth of combinatorial annotations. These include the GeneALaCart batch query facility, which tabulates user-selected annotations for multiple genes and GeneDecks, which identifies similar genes with shared annotations, and finds set-shared annotations by descriptor enrichment analysis. Such set-centric features address a host of applications, including microarray data analysis, cross-database annotation mapping and gene-disorder associations for drug targeting. We highlight the new Version 3 database architecture, its multi-faceted search engine, and its semi-automated quality assurance system. Data enhancements include an expanded visualization of gene expression patterns in normal and cancer tissues, an integrated alternative splicing pattern display, and augmented multi-source SNPs and pathways sections. GeneCards now provides direct links to gene-related research reagents such as antibodies, recombinant proteins, DNA clones and inhibitory RNAs and features gene-related drugs and compounds lists. We also portray the GeneCards Inferred Functionality Score annotation landscape tool for scoring a gene's functional information status. Finally, we delineate examples of applications and collaborations that have benefited from the GeneCards suite. Database URL: www.genecards.org. PMID:20689021

Safran, Marilyn; Dalah, Irina; Alexander, Justin; Rosen, Naomi; Iny Stein, Tsippi; Shmoish, Michael; Nativ, Noam; Bahir, Iris; Doniger, Tirza; Krug, Hagit; Sirota-Madi, Alexandra; Olender, Tsviya; Golan, Yaron; Stelzer, Gil; Harel, Arye; Lancet, Doron

2010-08-05

342

Buccal DNA collection: comparison of buccal swabs with FTA cards.  

PubMed

Collection and analysis of DNA, most commonly from blood or buccal cells, is becoming more common in epidemiologic studies. Buccal samples, which are painless to take and relatively easily collected, are often the preferred source. There are several buccal cell collection methods: swabs, brushes, mouthwash, and treated cards, such as FTA or IsoCode cards. Few studies have systematically compared methods of buccal cell collection with respect to DNA yield and amplification success under similar conditions. We compared buccal DNA collection and amplification using buccal swabs and FTA cards in 122 control subjects from our Australian case-control study of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Buccal DNA was quantified using a real-time PCR for beta-actin and genotyped at the loci of three polymorphisms (MTHFR 677C>T, ACE I/D, and XPD 1012G>A). PCR was successful with DNA from buccal swabs for 62% to 89% of subjects and from FTA cards for 83% to 100% of subjects, depending on the locus. The matched pair odds ratios (95% confidence interval) comparing success of FTA cards with buccal swabs are as follows: MTHFR 677C>T using PCR-RFLP, 12.5 (11.6-13.5) and using real-time PCR, 130.0 (113.1-152.8); ACE I/D using PCR-amplified fragment length polymorphism, 3.36 (3.2-3.5); XPD 1012G>A using real-time PCR, 150.0 (132.7-172.3). FTA cards are a robust DNA collection method and generally produce DNA suitable for PCR more reliably than buccal swabs. There are, however, technical challenges in handling discs punched from FTA cards that intending users should be aware of. PMID:16614129

Milne, Elizabeth; van Bockxmeer, Frank M; Robertson, Laila; Brisbane, Joanna M; Ashton, Lesley J; Scott, Rodney J; Armstrong, Bruce K

2006-04-01

343

Improvements in computer-aided detection/computer-aided classification (CAD/CAC) of bottom mines through post analysis of a diverse set of very shallow water (VSW) environmental test data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1999 Raytheon adapted its shallow-water Side-Looking Sonar (SLS) Computer Aided Detection/Computer Aided Classification (CAD/CAC) algorithm to process side-scan sonar data obtained with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute's Remote Environmental Monitoring Units (REMUS) autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). To date, Raytheon has demonstrated the ability to effectively execute mine-hunting missions with the REMUS vehicle through the fusion of its CAD/CAC algorithm with several other CAD/CAC algorithms to achieve low false alarm rates while maintaining a high probability of correct detection/classification. Mine-hunting in the very shallow water (VSW) environment poses a host of difficulties including such issues as: a higher incidence of man made clutter, significant interference due to biological sources (such as kelp or silt), the scouring of mines into the bottom, interference from surface/bottom bounce, and image distortion due to vehicle motion during image generation. These issues coupled with highly variable bottom conditions and small bottom targets make reliable hunting in the VSW environment very difficult. In order to be operationally viable, the individual CAD/CAC algorithms must demonstrate robustness over these very different mine-hunting environments. A higher normalized false alarm rate per algorithm is considered acceptable based on the false alarm reduction achieved through multi-algorithm fusion. Raytheon's recent CAD/CAC algorithm enhancements demonstrate a significant improvement in overall CAD/CAC performance across a diverse set of environments, from the relatively benign Gulf of Mexico environment to the more challenging areas off the coast of southern California containing significant biological and bottom clutter. The improvements are attributed to incorporating an image normalizer into the algorithm's pre-processing stage in conjunction with several other modifications. The algorithm enhancements resulted in an 11% increase in overall correct classification probability with an accompanying 17% reduction in false alarm rate, when averaged over the multiple environments. The paper discusses the algorithm enhancements and presents the detailed performance results.

Ciany, Charles M.; Zurawski, William C.

2004-09-01

344

Using the Sound Card as a Timer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Experiments in mechanics often involve measuring time intervals much smaller than one second, a task that is hard to perform with handheld stopwatches. This is one of the reasons why photogate timers are so popular in school labs. There is an interesting alternative to stopwatches and photogates, easily available if one has access to a personal…

Aguiar, C. E.; Pereira, M. M.

2011-01-01

345

Kid-Friendly Cities Report Card, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report examines the health and wellbeing of children in the United States' largest cities, covering every city with a population of 100,000 or more, as well as the largest cities in states without any cities of this size. Research shows that many cities are becoming more child-friendly, with better access to good education, jobs, and health…

Polansky, Lee S., Ed.

2001-01-01

346

Using the Sound Card as a Timer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiments in mechanics often involve measuring time intervals much smaller than one second, a task that is hard to perform with handheld stopwatches. This is one of the reasons why photogate timers are so popular in school labs. There is an interesting alternative to stopwatches and photogates, easily available if one has access to a personal…

Aguiar, C. E.; Pereira, M. M.

2011-01-01

347

Westchester Community College, 2002 Report Card.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes outcome measurements pertaining to 10 mission and strategic planning focus goals of Westchester Community College (New York). Topics include accessibility, academic programs, faculty, lifelong learning, sensitivity to a diverse community, facilities and physical plant, marketing and recruiting, retention, revenue…

Westchester Community Coll., Valhalla, NY. Office of Institutional Research and Planning.

348

Kid-Friendly Cities Report Card, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the health and wellbeing of children in the United States' largest cities, covering every city with a population of 100,000 or more, as well as the largest cities in states without any cities of this size. Research shows that many cities are becoming more child-friendly, with better access to good education, jobs, and health…

Polansky, Lee S., Ed.

2001-01-01

349

Optimized pH method for DNA elution from buccal cells collected in Whatman FTA cards.  

PubMed

DNA is the most accessible biologic material for obtaining information from the human genome because of its molecular stability and its presence in every nucleated cell. Currently, single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping and DNA methylation are the main DNA-based approaches to deriving genomic and epigenomic disease biomarkers. Upon the discontinuation of the Schleicher & Schuell IsoCode product (Dassel, Germany), which was a treated paper system to elute DNA from several biologic sources for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, a high-yielding DNA elution method was imperative. We describe here an improved procedure of the not fully validated Whatman pH-based elution protocol. Our DNA elution procedure from buccal cells collected in Whatman FTA cards (Whatman Inc., Florham Park, NJ) yielded approximately 4 microg of DNA from a 6-mm FTA card punch and was successfully applied for HLA-DQB1 genotyping. The genotypes showed complete concordance with data obtained from blood of the same subjects. The achieved high DNA yield from buccal cells suggests a potential cost-effective tool for genomic and epigenomic disease biomarkers development. PMID:16792516

Lema, Carolina; Kohl-White, Kendra; Lewis, Laurie R; Dao, Dat D

2006-01-01

350

Accessing Best-Match Learning Resources in WBT Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyse a so-called access to Best-Match learning resources in a WBT environment. We overview existing solutions and propose a new technical solution which extends the topic map functionality with a number of important features. This solution is based on a concept of so-called knowledge cards combined into a semantic network. The mechanism essentially utilizes such important

Denis Helic; Hermann Maurer; Nick Scerbakov

351

PUMA - A New Channel Access Protocol for Wireless LANs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose an extension of the IEEE 802.11 DCF protocol (5) called PUMA (Priority Unavoidable Multiple Access). PUMA can easy be implemented in wire- less network cards instead of IEEE 802.11 DCF. It has been shown through simulation that PUMA is fair, effi- cient, stable and allows for provision of time-bounded ser- vices. Moreover, its performance is

Marek Natkaniec; Andrzej R. Pach

2002-01-01

352

Health care report cards: will they make the grade?  

PubMed

"Outcomes data are meaningless or misleading unless they are adjusted for severity of illness, presence of comorbidities, documentation of advance directives, and other factors not under the control of providers," observes Ohio State University Professor Timothy Jost, JD. Health care analysts also contend that the time that is required to analyze, complete, and report data can lessen the value of those data. Currently, health care report cards often require several years to produce. Hence, the data that are reported may not accurately reflect a health plan's or other provider's current performance, which can be affected by changes implemented since the data were collected. Also, some experts question the value and wisdom of giving report cards to consumers, who may not understand what the reports are measuring. As UHC official Sheila Leatherman summarizes: "There is no agreement about who should receive the data, in what format, and with what kinds of interpretative materials." "Physicians and others who utilize health care report cards need to be aware of their limitations," summarizes Don Nielsen, MD, associate medical director and quality consultant with Kaiser Permanente. However, the burgeoning efforts at national, state, and community levels to develop report cards should not be ignored, he says. Dr. Nielsen recommends that surgeons and other physicians work with health plans and other entities that are developing report cards to identify limitations in health care measures and data systems and to create better measures of provider performance. PMID:10135910

Politser, P

1994-08-01

353

Biometric authentication for ID cards with hologram watermarks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an analysis of a new technique for the authentication of ID cardholders, based on the integration of a biometrics-based authentication system with digital watermarks. The chosen biometric authentication method is the dynamic signature verification of the ID cardholder, while we use a specific integrity watermark technique we developed, called Hologram Watermark, to embed and retrieve the off-line data onto an ID card. We take advantage of the fact, that two static biometric features (images of the user's face and signature) are already integral part of ID cards for manual verification and extent the stored biometric information by embedding on-line handwriting features of the signature as holographic watermarks in the overall image information of an ID card. Manipulation of any of the image information can be detected and will further disallow biometric verification of the forger. The Hologram Watermark technique produces content-related data using computer-generated hologram coding techniques. These data are embedded with watermarking techniques into the personal data printed on an ID card. The content-related data in this specific application are the dynamic features of the cardholder's signature. The main goal of this paper is to analyze the suitability of dynamic signature verification in combination with the Hologram Watermark technique, to facilitate automated user authentication based on information transparently embedded in ID cards.

Ferri, Lucilla C.; Mayerhoefer, Astrid; Frank, Marcus; Vielhauer, Claus; Steinmetz, Ralf

2002-04-01

354

6 CFR 37.5 - Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards. 37...CARDS General § 37.5 Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards....

2012-01-01

355

6 CFR 37.5 - Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards. 37...CARDS General § 37.5 Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards....

2013-01-01

356

6 CFR 37.5 - Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards. 37...CARDS General § 37.5 Validity periods and deadlines for REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards....

2009-01-01

357

41 CFR 101-26.509-1 - Requisitioning tabulating machine cards available from Federal Supply Schedule contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Requisitioning tabulating machine cards available from Federal Supply Schedule...509-1 Requisitioning tabulating machine cards available from Federal Supply Schedule...electrical and mechanical contact tabulating machines, including aperture cards and...

2012-07-01

358

41 CFR 101-26.509-2 - Requisitioning tabulating machine cards not available from Federal Supply Schedule contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2007-07-01 true Requisitioning tabulating machine cards not available from Federal Supply...509-2 Requisitioning tabulating machine cards not available from Federal Supply... (a) Requisitions for tabulating machine cards covered by Federal Supply...

2011-07-01

359

41 CFR 101-26.509-1 - Requisitioning tabulating machine cards available from Federal Supply Schedule contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2007-07-01 true Requisitioning tabulating machine cards available from Federal Supply Schedule...509-1 Requisitioning tabulating machine cards available from Federal Supply Schedule...electrical and mechanical contact tabulating machines, including aperture cards and...

2011-07-01

360

41 CFR 101-26.509-2 - Requisitioning tabulating machine cards not available from Federal Supply Schedule contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Requisitioning tabulating machine cards not available from Federal Supply...509-2 Requisitioning tabulating machine cards not available from Federal Supply... (a) Requisitions for tabulating machine cards covered by Federal Supply...

2012-07-01

361

26 CFR 1.6050W-2 - Electronic furnishing of information statements for payments made in settlement of payment card...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in settlement of payment card and third party network transactions. 1.6050W-2...settlement of payment card and third party network transactions. (a...settlement of payment card and third party network transactions to...

2013-04-01

362

75 FR 41790 - Address Management Services-Elimination of the Manual Card Option for Address Sequencing Services  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services--Elimination of the Manual Card Option for Address Sequencing Services...supreg]) 507.8 to eliminate the manual cards option for Address Sequencing service...Sequencing service, customers send address cards to the appropriate Address Management...

2010-07-19

363

75 FR 35088 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Information Card...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Production Act of 1993--Information Card Foundation Notice is hereby given that...seq. (``the Act''), Information Card Foundation has filed written notifications...project remains open, and Information Card Foundation intends to file additional...

2010-06-21

364

75 FR 9142 - Information Reporting for Payments Made in Settlement of Payment Card and Third Party Network...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Payments Made in Settlement of Payment Card and Third Party Network Transactions...backup withholding requirements for payment card and third party network transactions...backup withholding requirements for payment card and third party network...

2010-03-01

365

75 FR 11197 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act Of 1993-Information Card...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Production Act Of 1993--Information Card Foundation Notice is hereby given that...4301 (``the Act''), Information Card Foundation has filed written notifications...project remains open, and Information Card Foundation intends to file additional...

2010-03-10

366

CLUB FORMATION MECHANISM FOR TRANSPORT-COMMUNITY CREDIT CARDS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the roles of transport-community cards jointly issued by a public transport firm and retails are investigated as a means to vitalize an obsolescence shopping center located in a middle of a city. When both the price of goods supplied by the retails and the transport fares affect the consumers' behavior, there exist pecuniary externality between the behaviors of the retails and transport firms. The introduction of a transport-community cards system enables to integrate a basket of goods and transport service into a single commodity; thus, the pecuniary externality can be internalized by price coordination. In addition, the paper clarifies theoretically that the transport firm initiatively decides the price of the transportation service and the retails transfer their incomes to the transport firm so that they are induced to jointly issue the transport-community cards.

Ding, Yue; Kobayashi, Kiyoshi; Nishida, Junji; Yoshida, Mamoru

367

Towards a national report card in nursing: a knowledge synthesis.  

PubMed

This paper is an abridged version of a knowledge synthesis undertaken to inform the proceedings of a collaborative forum of nurse leaders convened under the auspices of Health Canada, the Academy of Canadian Executive Nurses, the Canadian Nurses Association and Canada Health Infoway for the purpose of discussing the development of a nursing report card for Canada. The synthesis summarized the state of the science in the measurement of nursing-sensitive outcomes and the utilization of nursing report cards - information that informed forum participants' dialogue and planning. This condensed version of the synthesis focuses on initiatives related to outcomes and performance monitoring in nursing, including specific indicators and reporting systems and the development, implementation and utilization of nursing report cards. PMID:21730768

Doran, Diane; Mildon, Barbara; Clarke, Sean

2011-06-01

368

Smart Card Applications in Security and Data Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The several security elements of the smart card are based on phisical and logical barriers.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a Materially, the smart card is a monolithic component including a microprocessor and a memory of 8 K bits, this memory being indelible.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a In addition entry test points have been destroyed before activating the smart card.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a In practice it is impossible to read,

Jean Goutay

1984-01-01

369

A generic conceptual model and actual systems of IC-Card system for model-based systems engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a generic conceptual model and actual systems of Japan's IC-Card system for model-based systems engineering are presented and discussed. First, a generic conceptual model of the IC-Card system is discussed. Then Japans various actual IC-Card systems (Electronic Money, Traffic IC-Card, and Mobile IC-Card) are studied using the generic conceptual model of the IC-Card system. This paper also

Donghun Yoon

2009-01-01

370

The Prognostic Value of Kidney Transplant Center Report Cards  

PubMed Central

SRTR report cards provide the basis for quality measurement of US transplant centers. There is limited data evaluating the prognostic value of report cards, informing whether they are predictive of prospective patient outcomes. Using national SRTR data, we simulated report cards and calculated Standardized Mortality Ratios(SMR) for kidney transplant centers over five distinct eras. We ranked centers based on SMR and evaluated outcomes for patients transplanted the year following reports. Recipients transplanted at the 50th, 100th and 200th ranked centers had 18%(AHR=1.18,1.13–1.22), 38%(AHR=1.38,1.28–1.49) and 91%(AHR=1.91,1.64–2.21) increased hazard for one-year mortality relative to recipients at the top-ranked center. Risks were attenuated but remained significant for long-term outcomes. Patients transplanted at centers meeting low-performance criteria in the prior period had 40%(AHR=1.40,1.22–1.68) elevated hazard for one-year mortality in the prospective period. Centers’ SMR from the report card was highly predictive(c-statistics>0.77) for prospective center SMRs and there was significant correlation between centers’ SMR from the report card period and the year following(?=0.57, p<0.001). Although results do not mitigate potential biases of report cards for measuring quality, they do indicate strong prognostic value for future outcomes. Findings also highlight that outcomes are associated with center ranking across a continuum rather than solely at performance margins.

Schold, JD; Buccini, LD; Heaphy, E; Goldfarb, DA; Sehgal, AR; Fung, J; Poggio, ED; Kattan, MW

2013-01-01

371

FASTBUS active segment extender and high density prototyping (KLUGE) card  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes in brief, an active segment extender and a high density prototyping (kluge) card for use in the development of FASTBUS modules. The Active Extender is a diagnostic tool which extends and buffers the FASTBUS ECL backplane signals to the front of a crate. The prototyping (kluge) card is a double-sided, high density wire wrap printed circuit board with over-voltage and over-current protection to be used for FASTBUS module prototypes and a power/ground plane for use in the Multiwire process for the finalized design.

Haynes, B.W.; Bays, L.A.; Machen, D.R.

1983-02-01

372

6 CFR 37.25 - Renewal of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...identification cards to renew their driver's licenses and identification cards with the State DMV in person, no less frequently than every sixteen years. (1) The State DMV shall take an updated photograph of the applicant, no less frequently than...

2012-01-01

373

6 CFR 37.25 - Renewal of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...identification cards to renew their driver's licenses and identification cards with the State DMV in person, no less frequently than every sixteen years. (1) The State DMV shall take an updated photograph of the applicant, no less frequently than...

2013-01-01

374

33 CFR 125.12 - Period of validity of Coast Guard Port Security Cards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...validity of Coast Guard Port Security Cards. 125.12 Section...Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT...validity of Coast Guard Port Security Cards. (a) The Coast...

2013-07-01

375

Diabetes Report Card 2012: National and State Profile of Diabetes and Its Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks Diabetes Report Card 2012: National and State Profile of Diabetes and Its ... Campaign Materials Reports and Guides Diabetes Report Card 2012 Purpose of This Report Opportunities for Better Diabetes ...

376

48 CFR 552.232-77 - Payment By Government Charge Card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...clause: Payment By Government Charge Card (NOV 2009...by a contractor under the GSA SmartPay® program...Card Services to named individual Government employees or entities...telephone. (b) At the option of the...

2011-10-01

377

48 CFR 552.232-77 - Payment By Government Charge Card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...clause: Payment By Government Charge Card (NOV 2009...by a contractor under the GSA SmartPay ® program...Card Services to named individual Government employees or entities...telephone. (b) At the option of the...

2012-10-01

378

25 CFR 514.15 - May tribes submit fingerprint cards to the NIGC for processing?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NIGC for processing? Tribes may submit fingerprint cards to the Commission for processing by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Commission may charge a fee to process fingerprint cards on behalf of the...

2013-04-01

379

75 FR 8156 - Electronic Game Card, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [File No. 500-1] Electronic Game Card, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading February 19, 2010...accurate information concerning the securities of Electronic Game Card, Inc. (``EGMI'') because of questions...

2010-02-23

380

An Introduction to Mercury Programming for Punched Card Input and Output.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report outlines the basic system characteristics and programming requirements for the punched card input and output systems of the Mercury computer. The card programs consist of a mixture of Mercury Autocode instructions and Mercury machine code instr...

K. Sanderson

1964-01-01

381

33 CFR 125.11 - Form of Coast Guard Port Security Card.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

The Coast Guard Port Security Card issued by the Coast Guard under the provisions of this subchapter shall be a laminated card bearing photograph, signature, fingerprint, and personal description of the holder, and other pertinent...

2012-07-01

382

76 FR 2439 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Cézanne's Card Players”  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``C[eacute]zanne's Card Players'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following...objects to be included in the exhibition ``C[eacute]zanne's Card Players'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition...

2011-01-13

383

Implications of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations upon the Regulation of Consular Identification Cards.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recent controversy regarding the use of consular identification cards (IDs) by aliens within the United States, in particular Mexico's matricula consular, has led to calls for legislation to regulate the issuance of the cards by foreign missions or their ...

J. K. Elsea M. J. Garcia

2005-01-01

384

75 FR 71155 - Market Test of Experimental Product: “Alternative Postage Payment Method for Greeting Cards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Product: ``Alternative Postage Payment Method for Greeting Cards'' AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice...test of its ``Alternative Postage Payment Method for Greeting Cards'' experimental product on January 2, 2011. The Postal...

2010-11-22

385

Evaluation Results of a 21st Birthday Card Program Targeting High-Risk Drinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The B.R.A.D. Birthday Card initiative was started on the campus of Michigan State University (MSU) in April 1999. MSU administrators send the safe-drinking 21st birthday card (B.R.A.D.) and laminated wallet card to students shortly before their 21st birthday. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the 21st birthday card, MSU and B.R.A.D.,…

Hembroff, Larry; Atkin, Charles; Martell, Dennis; McCue, Cindy; Greenamyer, Jasmine T.

2007-01-01

386

THE EFFECTS OF RESPONSE CARDS ON STUDENT AND TEACHER BEHAVIOR DURING VOCABULARY INSTRUCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of response cards during whole-class English vocabulary instruction was evaluated. Five low-participating students were observed during hand-raising conditions and response-card conditions to observe the effects of response cards on student responding and test scores and teacher questions and feedback. Responding and test scores were higher for all targeted students in the response-card condition. The teacher asked a similar

DAVID W. MUNRO; Jennifer Stephenson

2009-01-01

387

Effectiveness of online early intervention financial education programs for credit-card holders  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of The Saint Paul Foundation’s Credit Card Project, three credit card issuers conducted randomized tests of whether offering online credit card education to credit cardholders is effective in changing behavior. The targeted populations were either new cardholders or cardholders reaching the point of first delinquency, and two of the tests involved college students. Completion of online credit education

Kimberly Gartner; Richard M. Todd

2005-01-01

388

Identification of genetic variation and putative regulatory regions in bovine CARD15  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Mutations in caspase recruitment domain 15 (CARD15) are associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease and Blau Syndrome. We performed comparative analyses of the bovine, murine, and human CARD15 transcripts to elucidate functionality of bovine CARD15 and examine its potential role in bovine dise...

389

36 CFR 1254.10 - For how long and where is my researcher identification card valid?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...not transferable and you must present your card if a guard or research room attendant requests to see it. (b) At NARA facilities...their security systems, we issue a plastic card to replace the paper card issued at some NARA facilities at no charge. The...

2011-07-01

390

Using "I Will" Cards and Social Coaches to Improve Social Behaviors of Students with Asperger Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have examined ways to improve social functioning of students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Some common strategies include: (1) social stories strategy; (2) social scripts strategy; (3) power card strategy; (4) cognitive behavioral modification; and (5) the "I Will" card strategy. The "I Will" card strategy utilizes components…

Boutot, E. Amanda

2009-01-01

391

Smart card product development in an internet-based CRM environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smart cards have been successfully deployed in Europe and Asia. The European Community considers them imperative and is funding 65 card development projects. In the US, however, the cards hold less interest and have been less successful.Technology diffusion research indicates social learning is critical to adoption. A small cadre of early adopters, through visible daily use of new products, creates

Pat O'Brien; Laith Murad; Simon Gibbs; Richter Rafey

2005-01-01

392

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. North Dakota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

393

73 FR 58536 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines AGENCY: U.S. and Foreign...Card at the bottom of all employees' e-mail messages to enable clients to submit...tagline would encourage recipients of the e-mail to click the Comment Card link...

2008-10-07

394

73 FR 57322 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines AGENCY: U.S. and Foreign...Card at the bottom of all employees' e-mail messages to enable clients to submit...tagline would encourage recipients of the e-mail to click the Comment Card link...

2008-10-02

395

HyperCard in Educational Research: An Introduction and Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the HyperCard program and explains HyperTalk, the programing language it uses. Implications of HyperCard for educational researchers are discussed, including software design and development, the concept of learner control, and computer-assisted instruction that incorporates videodiscs and CD-ROM. A case study using HyperCard in…

Bowers, Dennis; Tsai, Chia

1990-01-01

396

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Montana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

397

An Alternative Medium of Social Education--The "Horrors of War" Picture Cards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the production, distribution, and content of the, "Horrors of War," a series of trading cards produced between 1938 and 1942. Created by a Baptist advertising executive the cards used graphic images to communicate an antiwar message to young adolescents. Discusses possible learning activities used in conjunction with the cards. (MJP)|

Nelson, Murry R.

1997-01-01

398

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Colorado  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

399

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. New Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

400

Fractionating frontal lobe functions: Factors of the Milwaukee Card Sorting Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Milwaukee Card Sorting Test (MCST), a modification of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), was administered to 71 geriatric, orthopedic or neurologic patients. The MCST requires that participants verbalize prior to sorting, thus enabling quantification of separate, elemental executive abilities needed for card sorting performance. A preliminary factor analysis yielded three factors, corresponding to elemental executive abilities of forming,

D. C. Osmon; Y. Suchy

1996-01-01

401

25 CFR 542.9 - What are the minimum internal control standards for card games?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...minimum internal control standards for card games? 542.9 Section 542.9 Indians...minimum internal control standards for card games? (a) Computer applications...procedures for the collection of the card game drop and the count thereof shall comply...

2013-04-01

402

Automatic and Real Time Inspection System for Smart Card Module using Fuzzy Logic  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an automatic and real time vision system to inspect the contact side of a smart card module using fuzzy logic. In the smart card industry, the module is the referential element supporting the chip. It is designed via successive microelectronic operations to be finally embedded in the plastic card. A priori knowledge is introduced in the system

Frederic Ros; Rachid Harba

2007-01-01

403

Protecting Smart Cards from Passive Power Analysis with Detached Power Supplies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power analysis is a very successful cryptanalytic technique which extracts secret information from smart cards by analysing the power consumed during the execution of their internal programs. It is a passive attack in the sense that it can be applied in an undetectable way during normal interaction with the smart card without modifying the card or the protocol in any

Adi Shamir

2000-01-01

404

Predicting Credit Card Holder Churn in Banks of China Using Data Mining and MCDM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, with increasingly intense competition in the market, major banks pay more attention on customer relationship management. A real-time and effective credit card holders' churn analysis is important and helpful for bankers to maintain credit card holders. In this research we apply 12 classification algorithms in a real-life credit card holders' behaviors dataset from a major commercial bank in China

Guoxun Wang; Liang Liu; Yi Peng; Guangli Nie; Gang Kou; Yong Shi

2010-01-01

405

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Alaska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

406

A Cautionary Note Regarding Evaluation of AES Candidates on SmartCards  

Microsoft Academic Search

NIST has considered the performance of AES candidates on smart-cards as an important selection criterion and many submitters have highlighted the compactness and efficiency of their submission on low end smart cards. However, in light of recently discovered power based attacks, we strongly argue that evaluating smart-card suitability of AES candidates requires a very cautious approach. We demonstrate that straightforward

Suresh Chari; Charanjit Jutla; Josyula R. Rao; Pankaj Rohatgi

1999-01-01

407

Two Types of Perseveration in the Dimension Change Card Sort Task  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the Dimension Change Card Sort (DCCS) task, 3-year-olds can sort cards well by one dimension but have difficulty in switching to sort the same cards by another dimension when asked; that is, they perseverate on the first relevant information. What is the information that children perseverate on? Using a new version of the DCCS, the experiments…

Hanania, Rima

2010-01-01

408

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Delaware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

409

An Alternative Medium of Social Education--The "Horrors of War" Picture Cards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the production, distribution, and content of the, "Horrors of War," a series of trading cards produced between 1938 and 1942. Created by a Baptist advertising executive the cards used graphic images to communicate an antiwar message to young adolescents. Discusses possible learning activities used in conjunction with the cards. (MJP)

Nelson, Murry R.

1997-01-01

410

77 FR 38396 - Agency Information Collection (One-VA Identification Verification Card) Activities Under OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...One-VA Identification Verification Card) Activities Under OMB Review AGENCY...Title: Request for One-VA Identification Card. OMB Control Number: 2900-0673. Type...to personalize, print, and issue a PIV card. An agency may not conduct or...

2012-06-27

411

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Utah  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

412

Creative idea exploration within the structure of a guiding framework: the card brainstorming game  

Microsoft Academic Search

I present a card brainstorming exercise that transforms a conceptual tangible interaction framework into a tool for creative dialogue and discuss the experiences made in using it. Ten sessions with this card game demonstrate the frameworks' versatility and utility. Observation and participant feedback highlight the value of a provocative question format and of the metaphor of a card game. Author

Eva Hornecker

2010-01-01

413

12 CFR 41.91 - Duties of card issuers regarding changes of address.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FAIR CREDIT REPORTING Identity Theft Red Flags § 41.91 Duties of card issuers regarding...an issuer of a debit or credit card (card issuer) that is a national bank, Federal branch or agency of a foreign bank,...

2013-01-01

414

Measuring Up 2006: The State Report Card on Higher Education. Kentucky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information they can use to assess and improve postsecondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2006" is the fourth in a series of biennial report cards. The report card grades states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation: How…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

415

The roles of personality and general ethical judgments in intention to not repay credit card expenses  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are no ‘card slaves’ but only cardholders who cannot meet their obligations. Recently, the issue that people are plagued by huge credit card debt has become more serious in Taiwan. This study proposed a model linking personality traits (locus of control (LOC) and risk-taking propensity), general ethical judgments regarding credit card use, and behavioral intention to not repay credit

Cherng G. Ding; Kuochung Chang; Na-Ting Liu

2009-01-01

416

Like eating money: Card gambling in a Papua New Guinea Highlands village  

Microsoft Academic Search

Card gambling among the Awa, a previously nongambling society, was introduced by returning labor migrants responsible for transplanting many aspects of urban migrant culture back in their rural Highlands villages. Presently Awa card gambling is seasonal and mainly recreational, and not smoothly integrated into their society as a whole. As rural villages like the Awa begin to develop economically, card

David M. Hayano

1989-01-01

417

Voice over internet protocol with prepaid calling card solutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The VoIP technology is growing up rapidly, it has big network impact on PT Telkom Indonesia, the bigger telecommunication operator in Indonesia. Telkom has adopted VoIP and one other technology, Intelligent Network (IN). We develop those technologies together in one service product, called Internet Prepaid Calling Card (IPCC). IPCC is becoming new breakthrough for the Indonesia telecommunication services especially on VoIP and Prepaid Calling Card solutions. Network architecture of Indonesia telecommunication consists of three layer, Local, Tandem and Trunck Exchange layer. Network development researches for IPCC architecture are focus on network overlay hierarchy, Internet and PSTN. With this design hierarchy the goal of Interworking PSTN, VoIP and IN calling card, become reality. Overlay design for IPCC is not on Trunck Exchange, this is the new architecture, these overlay on Tandem and Local Exchange, to make the faster call processing. The nodes added: Gateway (GW) and Card Management Center (CMC) The GW do interfacing between PSTN and Internet Network used ISDN-PRA and Ethernet. The other functions are making bridge on circuit (PSTN) with packet (VoIP) based and real time billing process. The CMC used for data storage, pin validation, report activation, tariff system, directory number and all the administration transaction. With two nodes added the IPCC service offered to the market.

Gunadi, Tri

2001-07-01

418

Corning Community College Institutional Report Card, November 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Institutional Report Card of Corning Community College (CCC) (New York) presents data on traditional indicators of effectiveness common to many institutions, such as graduation, success, and employment rates, as well as student satisfaction. It also includes results of the State University of New York's (SUNY) Student Opinion Survey and…

Corning Community Coll., NY.

419

The Race Card: An Interactive Tool for Teaching Multiculturalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When teaching multicultural education, whether training future teachers or working with students, what is usually excluded is a critical examination of the dominant power structure of whiteness. In this article, the author discusses "The Race Card," a free resource that can provide a tool to allow all players to critically examine how the…

George, Robert F.

2006-01-01

420

In-silico human genomics with GeneCards  

PubMed Central

Since 1998, the bioinformatics, systems biology, genomics and medical communities have enjoyed a synergistic relationship with the GeneCards database of human genes (http://www.genecards.org). This human gene compendium was created to help to introduce order into the increasing chaos of information flow. As a consequence of viewing details and deep links related to specific genes, users have often requested enhanced capabilities, such that, over time, GeneCards has blossomed into a suite of tools (including GeneDecks, GeneALaCart, GeneLoc, GeneNote and GeneAnnot) for a variety of analyses of both single human genes and sets thereof. In this paper, we focus on inhouse and external research activities which have been enabled, enhanced, complemented and, in some cases, motivated by GeneCards. In turn, such interactions have often inspired and propelled improvements in GeneCards. We describe here the evolution and architecture of this project, including examples of synergistic applications in diverse areas such as synthetic lethality in cancer, the annotation of genetic variations in disease, omics integration in a systems biology approach to kidney disease, and bioinformatics tools.

2011-01-01

421

National Awareness Initiative: The School Safety Report Card.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School Safety Report Card is a promising awareness initiative on the World Wide Web that surveys stakeholders about school-safety issues. Results are confidential and anonymous and will be posted on the web. The model outlines the conceptual, behavioral, and psychological components for identifying and helping at-risk students. (MLH)

Wilen, Saul B.; Fagan, Ruth N.; Van Wert, Frederick

2001-01-01

422

Modelling and Implementation of Catalogue Cards Using FreeMarker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a study involving the specification (using Unified Modelling Language (UML) 2.0) of information requirements and implementation of the software components for generating catalogue cards. The implementation in a Java environment is developed using the FreeMarker software.…

Radjenovic, Jelen; Milosavljevic, Branko; Surla, Dusan

2009-01-01

423

Simple Neural Network System for Wisconsin Card Sorting Test.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, a model for mimicking the behavior of the prefrontal cortex in Wisconsin card sorting test is given for both healthy and lesioned subjects. A simple model based on winner take all network and multi layer perceptron suffices to model the aff...

G. B. Kaplan I. Genc G. Guzelist

2001-01-01

424

Using a Card Trick to Teach Discrete Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We present a card trick that can be used to review or teach a variety of topics in discrete mathematics. We address many subjects, including permutations, combinations, functions, graphs, depth first search, the pigeonhole principle, greedy algorithms, and concepts from number theory. Moreover, the trick motivates the use of computers in…

Simonson, Shai; Holm, Tara S.

2003-01-01

425

Method of creating rigid cards with an exercise routine  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A method of creating rigid cards (32) having an exercise routine (58) thereon for use by a user (26). The rigid cards (32) are prepared utilizing a computer (34) in communication with a database (40). A plurality of exercises (54) are determined and the exercises (54) are input into the computer (34) to define the exercise routine (58) specific to the user (26). A unique identifier (60) specific to the user (26) is input into the computer (34) and linked to the exercise routine (58). The unique identifier (60) and the exercise routine (58) are stored in the database (40) and printed on the rigid card (32). The method further includes modifying the exercise routine (58) and inputting the modified exercise routine into the computer (34) to define an alternative exercise routine (144). The alternative exercise routine (144) is linked to the unique identifier (60) and stored in the database (40). The unique identifier (60) and the alternative exercise routine (144) are printed on a second rigid card (116).

2010-01-19

426

Respiratory Belt Transducer Constructed Using a Singing Greeting Card Beeper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An article by Belusic and Zupancic described the construction of a finger pulse sensor using a singing greeting card beeper. These authors felt that this beeper made of piezoelectric material could be easily modified to function as a respiratory belt transducer to monitor respiratory movements. Commercially available respiratory belt…

Bhaskar, Anand; Subramani, Selvam; Ojha, Rajdeep

2013-01-01

427

A simple neural network system for Wisconsin card sorting test  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a model for mimicking the behavior of the prefrontal cortex in the Wisconsin card sorting test is given for both healthy and lesioned subjects. A simple model based on a winner take all network and a multilayer perceptron suffices to model the effect of frontal lobe damage, which leads to preservation as well as diminishing the influence

G. B. Kaplan; I. Genc; C. Guzelis

2001-01-01

428

War 2010: The Emergence of the Wild Card Scenario.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research paper explores the possibility of using prophecy-based predictions to create worst case scenarios or 'wild cards,' when examined within the context of current trends and indicators of world threats. Based on the interpretations of some of th...

V. M. Rosello

1997-01-01

429

Card shark and thespis: exotic tools for hypertext narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Card Shark and Thespis are two newly-implemented hypertext systems for creating hypertext narrative. Both systems depart dramatically from the tools currently popular for writing hypertext fiction, and these departures may help distinguish between the intrinsic nature of hypertext and the tendencies of particular software tools and formalisms. The implementation of these systems raises interesting questions about assumptions underlying recent discussion

Mark Bernstein

2001-01-01

430

Secure Deployment of Applications to Fielded Devices and Smart Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a process of deploying applications se- curely to flelded devices with smart cards whilst taking into consider- ation the possibility that the client device could be malicious. Advan- tages of the proposed process include; caching functionality upon the device, optimal use of resources, employment of nested security contexts whilst addressing flelded infrastructures and a homogeneous solution. This

William G. Sirett; John A. Macdonald; Keith Mayes; Constantinos Markantonakis

2006-01-01

431

The Status of Children in Oregon. 1996 Report Card.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Kids Count report card gives an overall account of statewide trends in the well-being of Oregon's children. The statistical report is based on 18 indicators of child well being: (1) childhood poverty; (2) health uninsured; (3) percentage of court-ordered child support paid; (4) affordable housing; (5) infant mortality rate; (6) low…

Children First for Oregon, Portland.

432

Using a Card Trick to Teach Discrete Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a card trick that can be used to review or teach a variety of topics in discrete mathematics. We address many subjects, including permutations, combinations, functions, graphs, depth first search, the pigeonhole principle, greedy algorithms, and concepts from number theory. Moreover, the trick motivates the use of computers in…

Simonson, Shai; Holm, Tara S.

2003-01-01

433

Effect of Size of Data Processing Cards on Manual Handling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two experiments were made to determine the effect of ADP card size, thickness, ratio of height to width, and text position on handling ability. Performance times and errors for two groups of subjects were analyzed as were subjects' preferences. Results of...

J. S. Rakowski

1966-01-01

434

Personal Wellness Card Sort: A Strategy for Promoting Relational Healing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Personal Wellness Card Sort task is presented as a practical tool for mediating a therapeutic impasse when working with clients who have experienced a traumatic event. The authors describe how this activity can assist clients with viewing themselves in a holistic way, regaining disowned aspects of self and initiating movement toward connecting…

Lenz, A. Stephen; Roscoe, Lauren J.

2011-01-01

435

Implementing fiducial probe card alignment technology for production wafer probing  

Microsoft Academic Search

To match the ever-increasing density and performance of integrated circuits, new generations of probe cards are getting adopted in the main stream manufacturing process in a rapid pace. To match the product geometry and performance, probe tips are getting increasingly denser, product refined, and miniaturized. The appearances of these tips vary significantly between different technologies, wear and tear of the

Dominique Langlois; Michel Fardel; Karl R. Heiman; Fenglei Du

2003-01-01

436

Singing Greeting Card Beeper as a Finger Pulse Sensor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We constructed a robust and low-priced finger pulse sensor from a singing greeting card beeper. The beeper outputs the plethysmographic signal, which is indistinguishable from that of commercial grade sensors. The sensor can be used in school for a number of experiments in human cardiovascular physiology.

Belusic, Gregor; Zupancic, Gregor

2010-01-01

437

Distributed data mining in credit card fraud detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Credit card transactions continue to grow in number, taking an ever-larger share of the US payment system and leading to a higher rate of stolen account numbers and subsequent losses by banks. Improved fraud detection thus has become essential to maintain the viability of the US payment system. Banks have used early fraud warning systems for some years. Large scale

Philip K. Chan; Wei Fan; A. L. Prodromidis; S. J. Stolfo

1999-01-01

438

Singing Greeting Card Beeper as a Finger Pulse Sensor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We constructed a robust and low-priced finger pulse sensor from a singing greeting card beeper. The beeper outputs the plethysmographic signal, which is indistinguishable from that of commercial grade sensors. The sensor can be used in school for a number of experiments in human cardiovascular physiology.|

Belusic, Gregor; Zupancic, Gregor

2010-01-01

439

Amex’s strategies for launching the smart card innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to analyze Amex’s pursuit of strategies in launching the smart card innovation. The study is based on Five Forces Model in Porter, M. (1980) Competitive Strategy. The Free Press, New York, and the Core Competences Building and the Dynamic Capabilities Model in Industrial and Corporate Change 3(3) (1994) 537. The study aims to understand

J. Wonglimpiyarat

2004-01-01

440

Using report cards to sustain revenue cycle improvement.  

PubMed

Five guiding principles can help your organization achieve revenue cycle success: Have appropriate job functions and work flow design in place. Elevate staff performance through quality and productivity goals. Ensure effective technology infrastructure is in place. Deploy at all levels a comprehensive management tool set and report card metric (dashboard). Sustain a culture of accountability. PMID:16060100

Haray, David

2005-07-01

441

Photocopy of post card from Fitzsimons Army Medical Center Public ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of post card from Fitzsimons Army Medical Center Public Affairs Office, building 120. Photograph by Rocky Mountain photo. CO was no copyrighted and is , therefore, in the public domain. - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Memorial Tablet, West McAfee, South of Building No. 524, Aurora, Adams County, CO

442

CREDIT CARD FRAUD PREVENTION: A SUCCESSFUL RETAIL STRATEGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substantial losses from credit card fraud are forcing retail industry executives to reevaluate the effectiveness of their ability to prevent this type of crime. In 1992, management at Tops Appliance City Inc. decided to reassess its own fraud prevention program in an attempt to prevent future losses. An analysis of the Tops' problem pointed out the need to differentiate legitimate

Barry Masuda

443

VIPER: A Program for Manipulating Card-Image Files.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

VIPER is a program designed to allow the easy manipulation of card-image files in IBM OS/360 systems. It combines, improves, and extends the features found in the earlier programs MANAGERY, EDITY, and CLICHE. VIPER may be applied to both sequential and pa...

W. G. Price

1975-01-01

444

Respiratory Belt Transducer Constructed Using a Singing Greeting Card Beeper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article by Belusic and Zupancic described the construction of a finger pulse sensor using a singing greeting card beeper. These authors felt that this beeper made of piezoelectric material could be easily modified to function as a respiratory belt transducer to monitor respiratory movements. Commercially available respiratory belt transducers,…

Bhaskar, Anand; Subramani, Selvam; Ojha, Rajdeep

2013-01-01

445

Improving a credit card fraud detection system using genetic algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we undertook the credit card fraud detection problem of a bank and tried to improve the performance of an existing solution. In doing so, we did not undertake the typical objective of maximizing the number of correctly classified transactions but rather we defined a new objective function where the misclassification costs are variable and thus, correct classification

M. H. O?zçelik; M. Is?ik; E. Duman; T. C?evik

2010-01-01

446

ART: augmented reality table for interactive trading card game  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real world games and computer games have their own distinct strengths. Augmented reality allows us to combine both strengths, improve existing game styles, and produce new games. In this pa- per, we present the Augmented Reality Table (ART), a prototype platform employing augmented reality technology to provide a vir- tual table for playing trading card games. ART consists of an

Albert H. T. Lam; Kevin C. H. Chow; Edward Hon-hei Yau; Michael R. Lyu

2006-01-01

447

An efficient and practicable anonymous authentication scheme using smart cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, many smart card-based anonymous authentication schemes have been proposed to preserve user's anonymity. Unfortunately, most of these schemes do not achieve to preserve user's anonymity from the malicious user. In 2008, Kim et al. proposed a scheme which not only guaranteed user privacy but also provided traceable anonymity authentication. In this paper, we first point out that Kim et

Jie Gu; Liang Zhao; Zhi Xue

2010-01-01

448

Design of Formats and Packs of Catalog Cards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three major functions of the Ohio College Library Center's Shared Cataloging System are: 1) provision of union catalog location listing; 2) making available cataloging done by one library to all other users of the system; and 3) production of catalog cards. The system, based on a central machine readable data base, speeds cataloging and…

OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc., Dublin, OH.

449

Falling PC Solitaire Cards: An Open-Inquiry Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many of us have played the PC Solitaire game that comes as standard software in many computers. Although I am not a great player, occasionally I win a game or two. The game celebrates my accomplishment by pushing the cards forward, one at a time, falling gracefully in what appears to look like a parabolic path in a drag-free environment. One day,…

Gonzalez-Espada, Wilson J.

2012-01-01

450

Development of the Arab Heritage Activity Card Sort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participation is an indicator of healthy functioning and well-being, as emphasized by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (World Health Organization, 2001). The Activity Card Sort (ACS) is a valid and reliable assessment tool that measures participation. This study describes the process of developing the Arab…

Hamed, Razan; AlHeresh, Rawan; Dahab, Sana Abu; Collins, Brittany; Fryer, Jasmine; Holm, Margo B.

2011-01-01

451

California Report Card 2011: Setting the Agenda for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year's "Report Card" breaks new ground by providing "The Children's Agenda", which details the top ten high-priority, high-impact actions California policymakers should take to reverse the declining status of children. It's clear any sound plan to revitalize the state must prioritize children's development. California's history backs this up,…

Mindnich, Jessica; Kennedy, Brian; Schutjer-Mance, Kristi

2010-01-01

452

Dealing with Piaget: Analyzing Card Games for Understanding Concepts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students who take developmental psychology courses have difficulty applying theoretical concepts to situations separate from the context of theory. When learning about Piagetian theory, students often confine their understanding to demonstrations of conservation tasks. Analyzing Card Games, an active learning activity, allows students to apply…

Weisskirch, Robert S.

453

Improving the organ donor card system in Switzerland.  

PubMed

This paper analyses the current organ donor card system in Switzerland and identifies five problems that may be partially responsible for the country's low deceased organ donation rates. There are two minor issues concerning the process of obtaining a donor card: the Swisstransplant website understates the prospective benefits of donation, and the ease with which donor cards can be obtained raises questions regarding whether any consent to donation provided is truly informed. Furthermore, there are two major practical problems that might affect those who carry an organ donor card: the lack of a central donor registry increases the likelihood that donors' wishes will be "lost", and there is a high probability that family members will veto organ donation. The fact that these two practical problems are not mentioned to potential donors by Swisstransplant constitutes the fifth problem. Donation rates would probably improve if more accurate information about the benefits of donation were provided to potential donors, a central donor registry were created, and families were not permitted to veto donation from those on the registry. PMID:23986403

Shaw, D M

2013-08-22

454

Report Card to the Public: 2005-2006 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Report Card to the Public, a Summary of Statistics from Alaska's Public Schools," is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2005-2006. This publication reports the status of public education in Alaska. It is a source of information for Alaska's educational policymakers, including legislators, the Governor,…

Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2006

2006-01-01

455

Report Card to the Public: 2006-2007 School Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Report Card to the Public, a Summary of Statistics from Alaska's Schools," is published in accordance with Alaska Statute 14.03.120 for the school year 2006-2007. This publication reports the status of public education in Alaska. It is a source of information for Alaska's educational policymakers, including legislators, the Governor, the…

Alaska Department of Education & Early Development, 2007

2007-01-01

456

Protection and Recovery of Disk Encryption Key Using Smart Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information leakage has recently become a serious problem. Because a user's disk might contain a lot of confidential information, it should be encrypted and the encryption key protected securely. Disk security has been improved by storing the encryption key in a hardware token such as a smart card or USB device. There must be some way to recover the encryption

Kazumasa Omote; Kazuhiko Kato

2008-01-01

457

Fashion orientation, credit card use, and compulsive buying  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – As an effort to identify the underlying determinants of compulsive buying, this study seeks to examine fashion orientation, a fashion-related variable, as a direct antecedent of compulsive buying and as an indirect antecedent of compulsive buying through credit card use. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using a convenient sampling method, women aged over 20 years living in the Seoul metropolitan area

Hye-Jung Park; Leslie Davis Burns

2005-01-01

458

Subtraction Facts: Hide-and-Seek Cards Can Help.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning disabled elementary school children can learn subtraction skills with the aid of "hide and seek" number concept cards and a five-step sequence: (1) find a way to work it out, (2) add to check, (3) look for subtraction "partners," (4) group facts into "families," and (5) practice. (CB)

Thornton, Carol A.; Toohey, Margaret A.

1986-01-01

459

Playing cards with Hintikka An introduction to dynamic epistemic logic ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution is a gentle introduction to so-called dynamic epistemiclog- ics, that can describe how agents change their knowledge and beliefs. We start with a concise introduction to epistemic logic, through the example of one, two and finally three players holding cards; and, mainly for the purpose of motivating the dynamics, we alsovery summarilyintroduce theconcepts of general and common knowledge.

H. P. van Ditmarsch; W. van der Hoek; B. P. Kooi; Greg Restall

2005-01-01

460

Structure of an apoptosome-procaspase-9 CARD complex.  

PubMed

Apaf-1 coassembles with cytochrome c to form the apoptosome, which then binds and activates procaspase-9 (pc-9). We removed pc-9 catalytic domains from the holoapoptosome by site-directed thrombinolysis. A structure of the resulting apoptosome-pc-9 CARD complex was then determined at approximately 9.5 A resolution. In our model, the central hub is constructed like other AAA+ protein rings but also contains novel features. At higher radius, the regulatory region of each Apaf-1 is comprised of tandem seven and eight blade beta-propellers with cytochrome c docked between them. Remarkably, Apaf-1 CARDs are disordered in the ground state. During activation, each Apaf-1 CARD interacts with a pc-9 CARD and these heterodimers form a flexibly tethered "disk" that sits above the central hub. When taken together, the data reveal conformational changes during Apaf-1 assembly that allow pc-9 activation. The model also provides a plausible explanation for the effects of NOD mutations that have been mapped onto the central hub. PMID:20462491

Yuan, Shujun; Yu, Xinchao; Topf, Maya; Ludtke, Steven J; Wang, Xiaodong; Akey, Christopher W

2010-05-12

461

Team-Building Success: It's in the Cards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Successful team outcomes frequently--if not always--rely upon proven techniques for managing diverse styles and strengths. In this article, the authors describe the Diversity Card Game and the benefits it offers for students and instructors. Building teams using Diversity gives students the knowledge to manage clashes that might otherwise create…

Scarfino, Deborah; Roever, Carol

2009-01-01

462

Test/QA Plan for Verification of Ozone Indicator Cards  

EPA Science Inventory

This verification test will address ozone indicator cards (OICs) that provide short-term semi-quantitative measures of ozone concentration in ambient air. Testing will be conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) through the Environmental Tec...

463

Singing greeting card beeper as a finger pulse sensor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We constructed a robust and low-priced finger pulse sensor from a singing greeting card beeper. The beeper outputs the plethysmographic signal, which is indistinguishable from that of commercial grade sensors. The sensor can be used in school for a number of experiments in human cardiovascular physiology.

Gregor Belusic (University of Ljubljana); Gregor Zupancic (University of Ljubljana)

2010-06-01

464

Design of a multigigabit optical network interface card  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-speed optical data links enable local area networks (LANs) that operate at data rates above 10 Gb\\/s. Various network, protocol and switch architectures have been proposed that use these links. The optical network interface card (ONIC) is an important component for demonstrating efficient application of these architectures. In this paper, we describe the design of a programmable ONIC that interfaces

Premanand Chandramani; Ping Gui; Jeremy Ekman; Xiaoqing Wang; Fouad Kiamilev; Marc Christensen; Predrag Milojkovic; Michael W. Haney; Jon Anderson; Kevin Driscoll; Brian Vanvoorst

2003-01-01

465

The impact of a prestigious partner on affinity card marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study investigates the synergetic impact of joint marketing collaboration between a bank and an affinity organisation on their affinity credit card holders' behaviours. Seeks to identify the sources of the influence of the alliance partners which induce changes in the attitude and behaviour of cardholders. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A theoretical model was developed to reveal the impact of

Henry K. Y. Fock; Ka-shing Woo; Michael K. Hui

2005-01-01

466

Patient retained records--the health identity card  

PubMed Central

A system of patient retained health cards is described, with a view to improving the overall accuracy of medical records, patients' awareness of their health status and the transfer of records between doctors. Other systems of patient retained records in current use are discussed.

Skiba, Larry W.

1984-01-01

467

California Report Card, 2001: Factors for School Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that children's educational success is a high priority for California parents, voters, public officials, and business leaders, this report card documents how economic, health, and other conditions affect California children's learning and well-being. The report's introduction discusses factors influencing educational success, including…

Richards, Jayleen; Dominguez-Arms, Amy

468

Checking Secure Interactions of Smart Card Applets: Extended Version  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an approach enabling a smart card is- suer to verify that a new applet securely interacts with already down- loaded applets. A security policy has been defined that associates levels to applet attributes and methods and defines authorized flows between levels. We propose a technique based on model checking to verify that actual information flows between applets

Pierre Bieber; Jacques Cazin; Pierre Girard; Jean-louis Lanet; Virginie Wiels; Guy Zanon

2002-01-01

469

Student Invention and the 3 x 5 Card Science Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To introduce right brain activities into the elementary school curriculum, science activities were generated for gifted children in which every item for investigation was made from a three-by-five card. Three major steps were repeated in developing activities: copying materials, adapting materials, and inventing materials. (SW)|

Dyrli, Odvard E.

1982-01-01

470

Nurturing Thoughtful Revision Using the Focused Question Card Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because revising can feel overwhelming even for competent writers, the author designed the Focused Question Card (FQC) strategy to ease students through a critically important aspect of the writing process--revision. The strategy is ideal for writing intended as thoughtful reflection of thinking over time and can be used with students from fourth…

Sandmann, Alexa

2006-01-01

471

Assessment of Brucellosis Card test in screening patients for brucellosis.  

PubMed Central

The Brucellosis Card test (Brewers' Diagnostic Kits, Hynson, Westcott and Dunning, Inc., Baltimore, Md.) was evaluated in relation to the Brucelloslide test (bioMérieux, France), the microagglutination test (MAT) and the demonstration of brucella-specific IgG, IgM and IgA in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A total of 573 serum specimens was tested. These included sera from patients with acute brucellosis (159), chronic brucellosis (23) and patients who had been diagnosed previously as having had brucella infection (155). Control groups consisted of patients with diseases other than brucellosis (52), others with non-infectious diseases (20), and healthy individuals (164). The Card test detected 100% of the patients with acute and 61% of the patients with chronic brucellosis. The sera from the control groups were all negative. Similar results were obtained with the Brucelloslide test and the MAT. The ELISA test detected brucella-specific Ig of all classes in the serum of patients with acute brucellosis, and IgG and IgA in the serum of patients with chronic brucellosis. In the latter group, IgM was also detected in 32% of the sera. Twenty-three per cent of sera with titres of 20 by the MAT were positive on the Card test and had ELISA titres for IgM, IgG and IgA of 400. Characterization of the antibodies involved in the Card test showed that sera with IgM ELISA titres of 1600, or an IgM titres of 800 together with IgG and IgA titres greater than or equal to 200 were Card test positive. Higher IgG (greater than or equal to 1600] plus IgA (greater than or equal to 400) titres were required to produce a positive Card test in the absence of IgM or when the IgM titre was less than or equal to 200. The Card test has a potential value as a rapid screening test for humans with acute brucellosis and shows similar results to Brucelloslide and MAT tests. ELISA, however, remains the most reliable test for diagnosis of brucellosis especially in patients with chronic and complicated stages of the disease.

Araj, G. F.; Brown, G. M.; Haj, M. M.; Madhvan, N. V.

1988-01-01

472

Role of NOD2/CARD15 in coronary heart disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Bacterial DNA has been repeatedly detected in atheromatous lesions of coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. Phylogenetic signatures in the atheroma lesions that are similar to those of bacterial biofilms on human barrier organs, including the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract, raise the question of a defective barrier function in CHD. NOD2 plays a major role in defense against bacterial invasion. Genetic variation in the CARD15 gene, which encodes NOD2, was previously shown to result in a barrier defect that causes chronic inflammatory disorders (e.g. Crohn disease). In the present study, we investigated the possible involvement of NOD2/CARD15 in the pathology of CHD by i) analyzing the local expression of NOD2 in atherectomy versus healthy tissue (n = 5 each) using histochemical immunofluorescence and ii) by testing the three major functional CARD15 variants (R702W, G908R and 1007fs) for association with early-onset CHD in 900 German patients and 632 healthy controls. Results: In atherectomy tissue of CHD patients, NOD2 was detected in inflammatory cells at the luminal sides of the lesions. However, the allele and genotype frequencies of the three major CARD15 polymorphisms did not differ between CHD patients and controls. Conclusion: The NOD2 up-regulation in atheroma lesions indicates an involvement of this protein in the pathology of CHD. Although NOD2 could be important in local immune response mechanisms, none of the analyzed CARD15 variants seem to play a significant role in the etiology of CHD.

El Mokhtari, Nour Eddine; Ott, Stephan J; Nebel, Almut; Schafer, Arne; Rosenstiel, Philip; Forster, Matti; Nothnagel, Michael; Simon, Rudiger; Schreiber, Stefan

2007-01-01

473

Multiplexed cell analysis on CellCards for drug discovery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The desire to obtain more biologically relevant data is expanding the use of cell-based assays in drug discovery. These assays are performed and analyzed in ever more sophisticated ways (e.g. high content screening) that allow the collection of multiparametric information about cells affected by the screened compounds. The driver for these developments is the desire to increase data quality and density and reduce the use of valuable reagents and time. Here we describe an approach that adds a new dimension to the data quality/quantity mix by simultaneously analyzing several cell types in the same microplate well. The system is based on the use of encoded carriers (CellCards) that permit the reading and analysis of cellular responses, and at the same time allow decoding and the attribution of these responses to the appropriate cell line. CellCards are rectangular particles with an expandable color barcode and a transparent section upon which cells can be grown and imaged for cellular readout. Before performing the assay, each cell line is grown on a different class of CellCards. CellCards, with attached cells, are mixed and dispensed into a microtiter plate where the assay is performed. Next the plates are imaged, decoded and the cells associated with each CellCard class are analyzed. Multiplexing cell lines allows assay controls and data normalization within each well, reducing well-to-well variability. It also allows the simultaneous interrogation of multiple targets and thus concurrent potency and selectivity screening. This may significantly reduce the time required to take a compound from primary screening into the clinic.

Ravkin, Ilya; Temov, Vladimir; Nelson, Aaron D.; Zarowitz, Michael A.; Hoopes, Matthew; Verhovsky, Yuli; Ascue, Gregory; Goldbard, Simon; Beske, Oren; Bhagwat, Bhagyashree; Marciniak, Holly

2004-06-01

474

THE EFFECTS OF RESPONSE CARDS ON STUDENT AND TEACHER BEHAVIOR DURING VOCABULARY INSTRUCTION  

PubMed Central

The use of response cards during whole-class English vocabulary instruction was evaluated. Five low-participating students were observed during hand-raising conditions and response-card conditions to observe the effects of response cards on student responding and test scores and teacher questions and feedback. Responding and test scores were higher for all targeted students in the response-card condition. The teacher asked a similar number of questions in both conditions; however, she provided more feedback in the response-card condition.

Munro, David W; Stephenson, Jennifer

2009-01-01

475

Authenticating public access networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Pittsburgh began offering network connections to residence hall students in 1998. Initially, students were assigned static IP addresses and manual processes were implemented to record the each computer's network card MAC address. This quickly became unwieldy as service was expanded to all of the nearly 6,000 residence hall rooms. In 2000, DHCP was used to provide student

Joseph W. Graham II

2002-01-01

476

A preliminary analysis of the effects of response cards on student performance and participation in an upper division university course.  

PubMed Central

We evaluated the effects of response cards on student quiz scores and participation in an upper division undergraduate course at a small, private university. Results showed that response cards increased both quiz scores and student participation. In addition, a measure of the social validity of the response-card procedure suggested that students approved of the use of the cards.

Marmolejo, Erick K; Wilder, David A; Bradley, Lucas

2004-01-01

477

Ergonomics issues in national identity card for homeland security.  

PubMed

Ever since the 9/11 terrorist attack, many countries are considering the use of smart national identity card (SNIC) which has the ability to identify terrorists due to its biometric verification function. However, there are many ergonomics issues in the use of SNIC, e.g. card credibility. This research presents a case study survey of Malaysian users. Although most citizens (>96%) own MyKad (Malaysia SNIC), many do not carry it around and use its applications. This defeats one of its main purposes, i.e. combating terrorism. Thus, the research investigates ergonomics issues affecting the citizens' Intention to Use (ITU) MyKad for homeland security by using an extended technology acceptance model. Five hundred questionnaires were collected and analysed using structural equation modelling. Results show that perceived credibility and performance expectancy are the key issues. The findings provide many countries with insights into methods of addressing ergonomics issues and increasing adoption of SNIC for homeland security. PMID:22841592

Yeow, Paul H P; Yuen, Y Y; Loo, W H

2012-07-28

478

A Quantitative Signaling Screen Identifies CARD11 Mutations in the CARD and LATCH Domains That Induce Bcl10 Ubiquitination and Human Lymphoma Cell Survival  

PubMed Central

Antigen receptor signaling to NF-?B, essential for normal lymphocyte activation, is dysregulated in several types of lymphoma. During normal signaling, the multidomain adapter CARD11 transitions from a closed, inactive state to an open, active scaffold that assembles a multiprotein complex, leading to NF-?B activation. The regulation of CARD11 scaffold function is bypassed by lymphoma-associated oncogenic CARD11 mutations that induce spontaneous signaling. We report an unbiased high-throughput quantitative signaling screen that identifies new CARD11 hyperactive variants and defines a LATCH domain that functions with the CARD to promote CARD11 autoinhibition. Gain-of-function mutations in the LATCH or CARD disrupt inhibitory domain binding, promote Bcl10 association, and induce Bcl10 ubiquitination, NF-?B activation, and human lymphoma cell survival. Our results identify CARD11 mutations with oncogenic potential, provide a mechanistic explanation for their signaling potency, and offer a straightforward method for the discovery of variants that promote the tumorigenesis of NF-?B-dependent lymphomas.

Chan, Waipan; Schaffer, Thomas B.

2013-01-01

479

Drawing One and Two Playing Cards With Replacement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity, created by faculty members at the University of Virginia, uses Microsoft Excel and a deck of playing cards to gain experience with probability concepts. Students will discuss independent events, sample spaces, equally likely probabilities, probability of the intersection of two independent events, probability of the union of two events, percentages, and complements of given events within the context of these simulations. The Excel file and handouts are provided.

2009-03-27

480

Toward SSL integration in SIM SmartCards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) specifications introduce the 03.48 standard to allow the OTA (on-the-air) platform to securely communicate with SIM (subscriber identity module) cards. This standard operates above unreliable links such as SMS instead of reliable transport protocols such as TCP. In this paper, we propose to introduce the SSL (secure sockets layer) protocol in order to

Mohamad BADRA; Pascal URIEN

2004-01-01

481

Online privacy, government surveillance and national ID cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction This study explores whether internet users' concerns for personal information privacy, principally manifested as online privacy, are related to their attitudes to government surveillance and national ID cards (often perceived as a surveillance tool). This is a relationship which needs to be explored in-depth because of three concurrent trends -- first, the push towards e-government, where citizen-government transactions are

Sun Sun Lim; Hichang Cho; Milagros Rivera Sanchez

2009-01-01

482

A data-acquisition card without dead time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The knowledge of the ion beam profile in a storage ring is vital and it is measured by a position-sensitive detector. Co-ordinates of hit locations on the anodes of two multi-channel plate (MCP) detectors (one in horizontal and the other in vertical direction) are collected. Task sharing between software and hardware, including dual-buffer memory-management as implemented in the data-acquisition card described here, eliminates acquisition dead time.

Nagy, J. Z.; Balázs, A.; Bottyán, L.

1999-05-01

483

Application of probe manipulator to repair probe cards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We fabricated an apparatus for manipulation and welding of fine metal objects using a probe. The apparatus is composed of a work probe of a tungsten alloy needle, stages, a DC power supply, and an observation system. The work probe is held vertically above a gold substrate placed on stages to control the relative position against the work probe. The DC power supply is equipped to apply voltage of 0-10kV between the work probe and the substrate. One application of the apparatus is to repair probe cards. Thousands of contact probes (needles) are mounted on the printed circuit board (PCB) in the probe card. The contact probes are mounted one by one by the hands. Recently, an array of the contact probe on the PCB is produced by the LIGA process in response to narrower semiconductor pitch length. The problem is that there are no methods to repair a wrong contact probe. Whole of the contact probes should be a waste owing to one wrong contact probe. We propose to replace a wrong contact probe with a good one using our apparatus. Experiments to remove a contact probe by the apparatus is carried out using the specimen of a mimic probe card, where a cantilever type contact probes are arranged with a pitch of 25 micrometers. Removal of the wrong contact probe is carried out by a non-contact discharge and a contact discharge using the apparatus. High voltage of about 1-2kV is applied after the work probe is moved to above the target contact probe for the non-contact discharge. While high voltage of about10kV is applied after the work probe is positioned in contact with the target contact probe for the contact discharge. The target contact probe is removed by both methods, though the neighboring contact probes are damaged. The latter method is hopeful for removal for repair of the probe card.

Konno, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Mikihiko; Egashira, Mitsuru; Machida, Kazumichi; Urata, Atsuo

2006-04-01

484

Development of a simple microsystems membrane probe card  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presented here are details of the development of a novel membrane integrated circuit (IC) probe card structure based on microsystems\\u000a technology. The device design allows probing of both solder bumps and pads. A self-limiting sensor was integrated to prolong\\u000a device lifetime. Comparison with and discussion of the use of modelling is made. Possible enhancements to the probing structure\\u000a are discussed

M. D. Cooke; D. Wood

2006-01-01

485

Performance on the IOWA card task by adolescents and adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance on the Iowa Card Task (ICT) is impaired in several populations that demonstrate poor decision-making and risk-taking including patients with damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. For some individuals, adolescence is a period of poor decision-making and risk-taking. Adolescence is also a period of neuroanatomic and neurochemical remodeling. There is evidence that neuropsychological functions of the prefrontal cortex change

William H. Overman; Krisha Frassrand; Shi Ansel; Sophie Trawalter; Britan Bies; Alissa Redmond

2004-01-01

486

The Card Exchange: Introducing the Philosophy of Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

We personally have found the card exchange activity to be an effective method of drawing our students into the philosophy\\u000a of science, a subject they heretofore resisted. It capitalizes on the innate gregariousness of students and the diversity\\u000a of opinion among students. A set induction is, however, only the beginning of a lesson. The effectiveness of what happens\\u000a afterwards depends

William W. Cobern; Cathleen C. Loving

487

A flash compression layer for SmartMedia card systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flash memory based SmartMedia card is becoming increasingly popular as data storage for mobile consumer electronics. Since flash memory is an order of magnitude more expensive than magnetic disks, data compression can be effectively used in managing flash memory based storage systems. However, compressed data management in flash memory is challenging because it only supports page-based I\\/Os. For example, when

Keun Soo Yim; Hyokyung Bahn; Kern Koh

2004-01-01

488

Application Level Smart Card Support through Networked Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper addresses the problem of using networked mobile devices as providers of cryptographic functions. More specifically\\u000a the paper describes a system developed to allow the usage of portable devices, such as PDAs and mobile phones, as remote smart\\u000a card readers when connected into a TCP\\/IP network. This system is completely transparent to desktop applications. The digital\\u000a signature technology, at

Pierpaolo Baglietto; Francesco Moggia; Nicola Zingirian; Massimo Maresca

2003-01-01

489

Compositional verification for secure loading of smart card applets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: We present an algorithmic compositional verificationmethod for smart card applets and control flow based safetyproperties expressed in a modal logic with simultaneousgreatest fixed points. Our method builds on a techniqueproposed by Grumberg and Long who use maximal modelsto reduce compositional verification of finite-state parallelprocesses to standard model checking. We adapt thistechnique to applets, a class of infinite-state sequential processes.This

Christoph Sprengert; Dilian Gurov; Marieke Huisman

2004-01-01

490

Improving postswitch performance in the dimensional change card-sorting task: the importance of the switch and of pretraining by redescribing the test cards.  

PubMed

The dimensional change card-sorting task (DCCS) is used to assess the executive abilities of young children. Typically, 3-year-olds have difficulty in performing this task. However, the exact nature of this difficulty is still being debated. In the standard DCCS, children need to sort, for example, test cards with a blue flower or a red car into two boxes marked with the target cards. The 3-year-olds commonly have pronounced difficulty in switching from one sorting criterion (e.g., color) to another (e.g., shape). Here two experiments with 3-year-olds showed that making the transition between the sorting criteria more distinct improved performance significantly. This was achieved by taking away the target cards for a brief time period, asking a question irrelevant to the task, and pretraining the children by redescribing the test cards. PMID:17599343

Mack, Wolfgang

2007-06-27

491

The Austrian case: multi-card concept and the relationship between citizen ID and social security cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

National electronic identity (e-ID) card schemes and electronic identity management systems (e-IDMS) in Europe are characterised\\u000a by considerable diversity. This contribution analyses the creation of a national e-IDMS in Austria with the aim of improving\\u000a our understanding of the reasons behind the genesis of particular designs of national e-IDMS. It seeks to explain how the\\u000a system’s specific design evolved and

Georg Aichholzer; Stefan Strauß

2010-01-01

492

GIFtS: annotation landscape analysis with GeneCards  

PubMed Central

Background Gene annotation is a pivotal component in computational genomics, encompassing prediction of gene function, expression analysis, and sequence scrutiny. Hence, quantitative measures of the annotation landscape constitute a pertinent bioinformatics tool. GeneCards® is a gene-centric compendium of rich annotative information for over 50,000 human gene entries, building upon 68 data sources, including Gene Ontology (GO), pathways, interactions, phenotypes, publications and many more. Results We present the GeneCards Inferred Functionality Score (GIFtS) which allows a quantitative assessment of a gene's annotation status, by exploiting the unique wealth and diversity of GeneCards information. The GIFtS tool, linked from the GeneCards home page, facilitates browsing the human genome by searching for the annotation level of a specified gene, retrieving a list of genes within a specified range of GIFtS value, obtaining random genes with a specific GIFtS value, and experimenting with the GIFtS weighting algorithm for a variety of annotation categories. The bimodal shape of the GIFtS distribution suggests a division of the human gene repertoire into two main groups: the high-GIFtS peak consists almost entirely of protein-coding genes; the low-GIFtS peak consists of genes from all of the categories. Cluster analysis of GIFtS annotation vectors provides the classification of gene groups by detailed positioning in the annotation arena. GIFtS also provide measures which enable the evaluation of the databases that serve as GeneCards sources. An inverse correlation is found (for GIFtS>25) between the number of genes annotated by each source, and the average GIFtS value of genes associated with that source. Three typical source prototypes are revealed by their GIFtS distribution: genome-wide sources, sources comprising mainly highly annotated genes, and sources comprising mainly poorly annotated genes. The degree of accumulated knowledge for a given gene measured by GIFtS was correlated (for GIFtS>30) with the number of publications for a gene, and with the seniority of this entry in the HGNC database. Conclusion GIFtS can be a valuable tool for computational procedures which analyze lists of large set of genes resulting from wet-lab or computational research. GIFtS may also assist the scientific community with identification of groups of uncharacterized genes for diverse applications, such as delineation of novel functions and charting unexplored areas of the human genome.

Harel, Arye; Inger, Aron; Stelzer, Gil; Strichman-Almashanu, Liora; Dalah, Irina; Safran, Marilyn; Lancet, Doron

2009-01-01

493

Prevention of Information Leakage by Photo-Coupling in Smart Card  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in smart card technology encourages smart card use in more sensitive applications, such as storing important information and securing application. Smart cards are however vulnerable to side channel attacks. Power consumption and electromagnetic radiation of the smart card can leak information about the secret data protected by the smart card. Our paper describes two possible hardware countermeasures that protect against side channel information leakage. We show that power analysis can be prevented by adopting photo-coupling techniques. This method involves the use of LED with photovoltaic cells and photo-couplers on the power, reset, I/O and clock lines of the smart card. This method reduces the risk of internal data bus leakage on the external data lines. Moreover, we also discuss the effectiveness of reducing electromagnetic radiation by using embedded metal plates.

Shen, Sung-Shiou; Chiu, Jung-Hui

494

Using response cards to increase student participation in an elementary classroom  

PubMed Central

The use of response cards during large-group social studies instruction was evaluated in a fourth-grade classroom. The experiment consisted of two conditions, hand raising and write-on response cards, alternated in an ABAB design. During baseline, the teacher called upon 1 student who had raised his or her hand in response to the teacher's question. During the response-card condition, each student in the class was provided with a white laminated board on which to write one- or two-word answers in response to each question asked by the teacher. Rate of active student response during instruction was much higher with response cards than with hand raising. Most students scored higher on daily quizzes following sessions in which response cards were used than they did on quizzes that followed hand-raising sessions. Response cards were preferred over hand raising by 19 of the 20 students in the class.

Narayan, Janani S.; Heward, William L.; Gardner, Ralph; Courson, Frances H.; Omness, Christine K.

1990-01-01

495

Cooled electronic system with thermal spreaders coupling electronics cards to cold rails  

DOEpatents

Liquid-cooled electronic systems are provided which include an electronic assembly having an electronics card and a socket with a latch at one end. The latch facilitates securing of the card within the socket or removal of the card from the socket. A liquid-cooled cold rail is disposed at the one end of the socket, and a thermal spreader couples the electronics card to the cold rail. The thermal spreader includes first and second thermal transfer plates coupled to first and second surfaces on opposite sides of the card, and thermally conductive extensions extending from end edges of the plates, which couple the respective transfer plates to the liquid-cooled cold rail. The thermally conductive extensions are disposed to the sides of the latch, and the card is securable within or removable from the socket using the latch without removing the cold rail or the thermal spreader.

Chainer, Timothy J; Gaynes, Michael A; Graybill, David P; Iyengar, Madhusudan K; Kamath, Vinod; Kochuparambil, Bejoy J; Schmidt, Roger R; Schultz, Mark D; Simco, Daniel P; Steinke, Mark E

2013-07-23

496

AN IBM CARD-TO-PAPER TAPE CONVERTER FOR USE WITH THE LIBRASCOPE LGP-30 COMPUTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of an IBM card-to-punched paper tape converter is described ; which converts data from IBM cards to a 1-2-4-8 four-level code on a tape which ; can be used in the Librascope LGP-30 digital computer. Principles employed in ; the design of the converter will help to solve other card-to-tape conversion ; problems. (auth);

1957-01-01

497

Credit Card Ownership Among American High School Seniors: 1997–2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate the rise in credit card ownership rates among high school seniors in the United\\u000a States. It uses the Jump$tart Coalition’s cross-sectional surveys from 1997 to 2008 to analyze the determinants of credit\\u000a card ownership among high school seniors. These results show that students with credit cards are less financially literate\\u000a than students

Robert H. Scott

2010-01-01

498

A smart card based single Sign-On and password management solution as a browser extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the design and implementation of Web-Login Card, a smart card based Single Sign-On solution that relieves the users from remembering several username and passwords when authenticating themselves to various services on the internet. Due to its tamper-resistant storage for protecting authentication data and other personal information and cryptographic computation capabilities, smart card is an ideal token of choice

Emin Erdem; K. O. Kucukkurt; K. Samurkas; E. Kanargi; U. Celikkan

2010-01-01

499

Credit Card Transactions, Fraud Detection, and Machine Learning: Modelling Time with LSTM Recurrent Neural Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, topics such as fraud detection and fraud prevention have received a lot of attention on the research front,\\u000a in particular from payment card issuers. The reason for this increase in research activity can be attributed to the huge annual\\u000a financial losses incurred by card issuers due to fraudulent use of their card products. A successful strategy for

Bénard Wiese; Christian W. Omlin

2009-01-01

500

Verified by Visa and MasterCard SecureCode: Or, How Not to Design Authentication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks worldwide are starting to authenticate online card transactions using the '3-D Secure' protocol, which is branded as Veri- ed by Visa and MasterCard SecureCode. This has been partly driven by the sharp increase in online fraud that followed the deployment of EMV smart cards for cardholder-present payments in Europe and else- where. 3-D Secure has so far escaped academic

Steven J. Murdoch; Ross J. Anderson

2010-01-01