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1

Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application to Non-Tariff Measures  

E-print Network

Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application to Non-Tariff Measures-00961727,version1-20Mar2014 #12;Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application of Economics, INRA) Stéphan Marette (INRA)* This draft: July 10, 2013 Abstract: We extend the trade

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

2

Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application to Non-Tariff Measures  

E-print Network

Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application to Non-Tariff Measures-00961727,version2-4Sep2014 #12; Trade Restrictiveness Indices in Presence of Externalities: An Application the trade restrictiveness index approach to the case of market imperfections and domestic regulations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

NON-TARIFF MEASURES AND INDUSTRIAL NATION IMPORTS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trade coverage ratios were calculated to assess the 1989 incidence of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on imports of agricultural products by major industrial nations. Overall, 36 percent of all food items were found to be covered by one or more NTM in the European Community. Corresponding figures for Japan and the United States were 59 and 17 percent, respectively. Imports of

Don P. Clark

1992-01-01

4

Studying the Effects of Non-Tariff Barriers on the Export of the Main Agricultural Products of Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem statement: As trade agreements decrease tariffs throughout th e world, other barriers to trade emerge. These Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) can be just as troublesome as tariffs for exporting countries. NTB s include any of a number of hindrances that restric t the ability of companies to export. NTB s may now have a greater impact on trade than tariff

Z. Ardakani; S. Yazdani; O. Gilanpour

2009-01-01

5

78 FR 14770 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey of Non-Tariff Trade Barriers to the U.S...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration...Comment Request; Survey of Non- Tariff Trade...Environmental Industry AGENCY: International Trade Administration...I. Abstract The International Trade Administration's...information collected by this survey is used to...

2013-03-07

6

75 FR 8300 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey of Non-Tariff Trade Barriers to the U.S...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration...Comment Request; Survey of Non- Tariff Trade...Environmental Industry AGENCY: International Trade Administration...I. Abstract The International Trade Administration's...information collected by this survey will be used to...

2010-02-24

7

The precautionary principle and other non-tariff barriers to free and fair international food trade.  

PubMed

International food trade and world population are growing rapidly. National legislation has been enacted and implemented in many countries to assure good quality and safe foods to meet increased demand. No country is fully self-sufficient in domestic food production to meet population demands, and all require some food imports. Current international food trade agreements call for free and fair food trade between all countries, developed and developing. National food legislation and food production, processing and marketing systems have evolved in most countries to ensure better quality and safer foods. At the international level the work of the FAO/ WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) and the World Trade Organization Agreements on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and related Uruguay Round agreements have been agreed to by over 140 countries with the aim to promoting the free and fair trade of good quality and safe foods between all countries. The SPS and TBT agreements rely on science-based Codex standards, guidelines, and recommendations as benchmarks for judging international food trade disputes. A number of non-tariff barriers to trade, often related to agricultural subsidies and other food trade payments in developed countries, continue to give rise to complaints to WTO. They also continue to prevent free and fair trade, particularly for developing countries in international food trade. A number of these non-tariff barriers to trade are briefly examined, along with other domestic and international food trade problems, and recommendations for improvements are made. PMID:12180779

Lupien, John R

2002-07-01

8

Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on Tuesday May 8, 2001, Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports is a 61-page report that strives to show that developing countries are also benefiting from multilateral, unilateral, and regional trade liberalization. The report is divided into three main sections. Protection in Merchandise Trade offers information on tariffs, agricultural subsidies and non-tariff measures, and trade preferences. The second section, Trade in Services, provides background, current research, and forecasts in two categories: barriers to trade in services and measuring barriers to trade in services. Finally, the last section explores the benefits of liberalizations in several different factions.

9

Open Access Transmission Tariff: Effective December 18, 1998 (Revised June 16, 1999).  

SciTech Connect

Bonneville will provide Network Integration Transmission Service pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in this Tariff and Service Agreement. The service that Bonneville will provide under this Tariff allows a Transmission Customer to integrate, economically dispatch and regulate its current and planned Network Resources to serve its Network Load. Network Integration Transmission Service also may be used by the Transmission Customer to deliver nonfirm energy purchases to its Network Load without additional charge. To the extent that the transmission path for moving power from a Network Resource to a Network Load includes the Eastern and Southern Interties, the terms and conditions for service over such intertie facilities are provided under Part 2 of this Tariff. Also, transmission service for third-party sales which are not designated as Network Load will be provided under Bonneville's Point-to-Point Transmission Service (Part 2 of this Tariff).

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1999-06-16

10

Non-tariff Trade Barriers and Consumers' Information: The Case of the EU-US Trade Dispute over Beef  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on the empirical case of the EU-US trade dispute on hormone-treated beef an analytical framework, where consumers are imperfectly informed about the quality of imports, is used to investigate the welfare effect of trade liberalisation in the case of a credence good. Opening the domestic market to foreign products that are perceived to be of lower quality than domestic

Jean-Christophe Bureau; Stephan Marette; Alessandra Schiavina

1998-01-01

11

14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.  

...maintenance and security of the on-line tariff database. (b) No carrier or agent shall...printers connected to its on-line tariff database. The filer shall be responsible for...public access to its on-line tariff database, at Departmental headquarters,...

2014-01-01

12

14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...maintenance and security of the on-line tariff database. (b) No carrier or agent shall...printers connected to its on-line tariff database. The filer shall be responsible for...public access to its on-line tariff database, at Departmental headquarters,...

2011-01-01

13

14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...maintenance and security of the on-line tariff database. (b) No carrier or agent shall...printers connected to its on-line tariff database. The filer shall be responsible for...public access to its on-line tariff database, at Departmental headquarters,...

2013-01-01

14

14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...maintenance and security of the on-line tariff database. (b) No carrier or agent shall...printers connected to its on-line tariff database. The filer shall be responsible for...public access to its on-line tariff database, at Departmental headquarters,...

2012-01-01

15

14 CFR 221.20 - Specifications applicable to tariff publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Specifications applicable to tariff publications. 221.20 Section 221.20 ...TARIFFS Specifications of Tariff Publications 221.20 Specifications applicable to tariff publications. (a) Numerical order....

2010-01-01

16

14 CFR 221.91 - Delivering tariff publications to Department.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Delivering tariff publications to Department. 221.91 Section...REGULATIONS TARIFFS Filing Tariff Publications With Department 221.91 Delivering tariff publications to Department. Tariff...

2010-01-01

17

14 CFR 221.94 - Explanation and data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs.  

...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. 221.94 Section 221...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. When a tariff is...An explanation of the new or changed matter and the reasons for the...

2014-01-01

18

14 CFR 221.94 - Explanation and data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. 221.94 Section 221...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. When a tariff is...An explanation of the new or changed matter and the reasons for the...

2010-01-01

19

14 CFR 221.94 - Explanation and data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. 221.94 Section 221...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. When a tariff is...An explanation of the new or changed matter and the reasons for the...

2011-01-01

20

14 CFR 221.94 - Explanation and data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. 221.94 Section 221...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. When a tariff is...An explanation of the new or changed matter and the reasons for the...

2012-01-01

21

14 CFR 221.94 - Explanation and data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. 221.94 Section 221...data supporting tariff changes and new matter in tariffs. When a tariff is...An explanation of the new or changed matter and the reasons for the...

2013-01-01

22

TARIFFS, TAXES, GOVERNMENT AND GROWTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-section and time-series data show that as nations develop, they substitute income taxes for tariffs and increase the relative size of their public sectors. This chapter confronts these observations within the context of a two-country open-economy endogenous growth model with productive public expenditure that is subject to congestion. Public spending is financed by a tariff and an income tax that

Michael B. Loewy

23

18 CFR 341.13 - Withdrawal of proposed tariff publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Withdrawal of proposed tariff publications. 341.13 Section 341.13 Conservation...341.13 Withdrawal of proposed tariff publications. (a) Proposed tariff publications. A proposed tariff publication...

2010-04-01

24

75 FR 4689 - Electronic Tariff Filings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1\\ Electronic Tariff Filings...The adoption of electronic tariff filing necessitates changes in the business practices used by...Standards for Electronic Filing Processes (Technical and Business Approaches),...

2010-01-29

25

Valuation of switchable tariff for wind energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current fixed tariff remuneration for wind energy is not compatible with the deregulation of the electric power industry. The time-varying and location-dependent value of renewable energy is not acknowledged. The newly announced switchable tariff for wind energy in the Spanish electricity market provides a promising solution to compensating renewable energy within the deregulated electric power industry. The new switchable

Wang Yu; Gerald B. Shebl; Joao A. Peas Lopes; Manuel Antnio Matos

2006-01-01

26

Africa's Agricultural Trade Reform and Development Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Africa has a strong actual and potential international comparative advantage in agriculture and agri-processed products, improving African agricultural producers' access to world markets should benefit African agriculture, exports and overall economic growth significantly. However, developed and even developing countries generally operate high tariff and non tariff barriers to agricultural trade, and many developed economies subsidise agricultural production and exports,

Frances Perkins

2003-01-01

27

Industry sector analysis, Indonesia: Water pollution control equipment. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The market survey covers the water pollution control equipment market in Indonesia. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Indonesian consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

Bhinekawati, R.

1992-10-21

28

Industry sector analysis, Indonesia: Water pollution control equipment. Export trade information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The market survey covers the water pollution control equipment market in Indonesia. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Indonesian consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

Bhinekawati

1992-01-01

29

Industry market research, China: Electrical power systems. Transmission equipment market. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The market survey covers the electric power transmission equipment market in China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

Not Available

1993-01-01

30

The Tariff Analysis Project: A database and analysis platform forelectricity tariffs  

SciTech Connect

Much of the work done in energy research involves ananalysis of the costs and benefits of energy-saving technologies andother measures from the perspective of the consumer. The economic valuein particular depends on the price of energy (electricity, gas or otherfuel), which varies significantly both for different types of consumers,and for different regions of the country. Ideally, to provide accurateinformation about the economic value of energy savings, prices should becomputed directly from real tariffs as defined by utility companies. Alarge number of utility tariffs are now available freely over the web,but the complexity and diversity of tariff structures presents aconsiderable barrier to using them in practice. The goal of the TariffAnalysis Project (TAP) is to collect andarchive a statistically completesample of real utility tariffs, and build a set of database and web toolsthat make this information relatively easy to use in cost-benefitanalysis. This report presentsa detailed picture of the current TAPdatabase structure and web interface. While TAP has been designed tohandle tariffs for any kind of utility service, the focus here is onelectric utilities withinthe United States. Electricity tariffs can bevery complicated, so the database structures that have been built toaccommodate them are quite flexible and can be easily generalized toother commodities.

Coughlin, K.; White, R.; Bolduc, C.; Fisher, D.; Rosenquist, G.

2006-05-12

31

14 CFR 221.121 - How to prepare and file applications for Special Tariff Permission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false How to prepare and file applications for Special Tariff Permission... TARIFFS Special Tariff Permission To File on Less Than Statutory Notice 221.121 How to prepare and file applications for Special Tariff...

2010-01-01

32

47 CFR 61.54 - Composition of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...tarif_f and supplement must show: (1) FCC number, indication of cancellations. In the...designation of the tariff or supplement as FCC No. ____, or Supplement No. ____ to FCC No. ____, and immediately below,...

2012-10-01

33

47 CFR 61.54 - Composition of tariffs.  

...tarif_f and supplement must show: (1) FCC number, indication of cancellations. In the...designation of the tariff or supplement as FCC No. ____, or Supplement No. ____ to FCC No. ____, and immediately below,...

2014-10-01

34

49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

2010-10-01

35

49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

2011-10-01

36

49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

2012-10-01

37

49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

2011-10-01

38

49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

2014-10-01

39

49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

2013-10-01

40

49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

2010-10-01

41

49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

2012-10-01

42

49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

2012-10-01

43

49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

2011-10-01

44

49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

2013-10-01

45

49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

2014-10-01

46

49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

2011-10-01

47

49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

2010-10-01

48

49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

2011-10-01

49

49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

2010-10-01

50

49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

2012-10-01

51

49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

2013-10-01

52

49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

2014-10-01

53

49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

2014-10-01

54

49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

2013-10-01

55

49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

2012-10-01

56

49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

2013-10-01

57

49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

2014-10-01

58

49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

2010-10-01

59

14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

2013-01-01

60

14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

2012-01-01

61

14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.  

... 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

2014-01-01

62

14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

2010-01-01

63

14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

2011-01-01

64

75 FR 48629 - Electronic Tariff Filing System (ETFS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. 10-141; FCC 10-127] Electronic Tariff Filing System (ETFS) AGENCY...Commission) seeks comment on extending the electronic tariff filing requirement for incumbent...administer the adoption of this extended electronic filing requirement. Also, the...

2010-08-11

65

18 CFR 341.3 - Form of tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT OIL PIPELINE TARIFFS: OIL PIPELINE COMPANIES SUBJECT...tariff applies, e.g., crude, petroleum product,...

2011-04-01

66

18 CFR 341.3 - Form of tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT OIL PIPELINE TARIFFS: OIL PIPELINE COMPANIES SUBJECT...tariff applies, e.g., crude, petroleum product,...

2010-04-01

67

18 CFR 341.3 - Form of tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT OIL PIPELINE TARIFFS: OIL PIPELINE COMPANIES SUBJECT...tariff applies, e.g., crude, petroleum product,...

2013-04-01

68

18 CFR 341.3 - Form of tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT OIL PIPELINE TARIFFS: OIL PIPELINE COMPANIES SUBJECT...tariff applies, e.g., crude, petroleum product,...

2012-04-01

69

18 CFR 341.3 - Form of tariff.  

...Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT OIL PIPELINE TARIFFS: OIL PIPELINE COMPANIES SUBJECT...tariff applies, e.g., crude, petroleum product,...

2014-04-01

70

76 FR 43206 - Electronic Tariff Filing System (ETFS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. 10-141; FCC 11-92] Electronic Tariff Filing System (ETFS) AGENCY...electronically over the Internet, using the Electronic Tariff Filing System (ETFS). Additionally...it is appropriate to apply the same electronic filing requirements to all tariff...

2011-07-20

71

76 FR 27658 - Tuna-Tariff-Rate Quota; The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2011 Tuna Classifiable Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tariff-Rate Quota; The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2011 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2011...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

2011-05-12

72

77 FR 22796 - Tuna-Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2012...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

2012-04-17

73

Feed-In Tariffs and similar programs  

EIA Publications

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are a policy mechanism used to encourage deployment of renewable electricity technologies. FITs are used to a limited extent around the United States as listed. A FIT program typically guarantees that customers who own a FIT-eligible renewable electricity generation facility, such as a roof-top solar photovoltaic system, will receive a set price from their utility for all of the electricity they generate and provide to the grid.

2013-01-01

74

The Value of Distributed Generation under Different TariffStructures  

SciTech Connect

Distributed generation (DG) may play a key role in a modern energy system because it can improve energy efficiency. Reductions in the energy bill, and therefore DG attractiveness, depend on the electricity tariff structure; a system created before widespread adoption of distributed generation. Tariffs have been designed to recover costs equitably amongst customers with similar consumption patterns. Recently, electric utilities began to question the equity of this electricity pricing structure for standby service. In particular, the utilities do not feel that DG customers are paying their fair share of transmission and distribution costs - traditionally recovered through a volumetric($/kWh) mechanism - under existing tariff structures. In response, new tariff structures with higher fixed costs for DG have been implemented in New York and in California. This work analyzes the effects of different electricity tariff structures on DG adoption. First, the effects of the new standby tariffs in New York are analyzed in different regions. Next generalized tariffs are constructed, and the sensitivity to varying levels of the volumetric and the demand ($/kW, i.e. maximum rate) charge component are analyzed on New York's standard and standby tariff as well as California's standby tariff. As expected, DG profitability is reduced with standby tariffs, but often marginally. The new standby structures tend to promote smaller base load systems. The amount of time-of-day variability of volumetric pricing seems to have little effect on DG economics.

Firestone, Ryan; Magnus Maribu, Karl; Marnay, Chris

2006-05-31

75

Analysis of economic characteristics of a tariff system for thermal energy activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generally speaking, the creation of tariff systems for energy activities carried out as regulated or public service obligation is becoming professionally challenging. The Croatian Energy Regulatory Agency (CERA) created the methodology of the tariff system for thermal energy activities and passed this tariff system (without tariff element amounts) in May 2006. The background of the tariff system for thermal energy

Eraldo Banovac; Tomislav Gelo; Jurica imurina

2007-01-01

76

63 FR 521 - Open Access Transmission Service Tariff  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and applicable Federal law and regulations...permitted by Federal law and regulations...sections address redispatch procedures. Response: There are no Federal laws governing redispatch...matter based on specific power marketing plans....

1998-01-06

77

62 FR 50572 - Open Access Transmission Service Tariff  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the Federal Power Act. Western's...pursuant to Federal law, under public...information and comment procedures, that specify...role in reviewing Power Marketing Administration...rate adjustment procedures and other applicable Federal laws. This provision...under the Federal Power Act like...

1997-09-26

78

19 CFR 10.520 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Filing of claim for tariff preference level. 10.520 Section 10.520 Customs...Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.520 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or man-made fiber...

2010-04-01

79

19 CFR 10.521 - Goods eligible for tariff preference level claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Goods eligible for tariff preference level claims. 10.521 Section 10.521 ...Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.521 Goods eligible for tariff preference level claims. Goods eligible for a TPL...

2010-04-01

80

19 CFR 10.818 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Filing of claim for tariff preference level. 10.818 Section 10.818 Customs...Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.818 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A fabric, apparel, or...

2010-04-01

81

19 CFR 10.778 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Filing of claim for tariff preference level. 10.778 Section 10.778 Customs...Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.778 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A fabric or apparel good...

2010-04-01

82

18 CFR 341.11 - Rejection of tariff publications and other filed materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Rejection of tariff publications and other filed materials. 341... 341.11 Rejection of tariff publications and other filed materials. (a... The Commission may reject tariff publications or any other material...

2010-04-01

83

18 CFR 154.112 - Exception to form and composition of tariff.  

...2014-04-01 false Exception to form and composition of tariff...and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL...RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Form and Composition of Tariff...

2014-04-01

84

Industry sector analysis, China: Urban water sanitation. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The market survey covers the water pollution control equipment market for urban water sanitation in China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

Not Available

1993-01-01

85

77 FR 25732 - Tuna-Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2012; correction...rates for tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2012. Inadvertently, no CBP...

2012-05-01

86

A Tariff for Reactive Power - IEEE  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a suggested tariff or payment for the local supply of reactive power from distributed energy resources. The authors consider four sample customers, and estimate the cost of supply of reactive power for each customer. The power system savings from the local supply of reactive power are also estimated for a hypothetical circuit. It is found that reactive power for local voltage regulation could be supplied to the distribution system economically by customers when new inverters are installed. The inverter would be supplied with a power factor of 0.8, and would be capable of local voltage regulation to a schedule supplied by the utility. Inverters are now installed with photovoltaic systems, fuel cells and microturbines, and adjustable-speed motor drives.

Kueck, John D [ORNL; Tufon, Christopher [Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Isemonger, Alan [California Independent System Operator; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL

2008-11-01

87

Affordability of residential water tariffs: alternative measurement and explanatory factors in southern Spain.  

PubMed

Using information on a basic or "lifeline" level of domestic water use obtained from a water demand function based on a Stone-Geary utility function, a minimum water threshold of 128 m(3) per household per year was estimated in a sample of municipalities in Southern Spain. As a second objective, water affordability indexes were then calculated that relate the cost of such lifeline to average municipal income levels. The analysis of the factors behind the differences in that ratio across Andalusian municipalities shows that the relative cost of purchasing the lifeline appears inversely related to average income levels, revealing an element of regressivity in the component of water tariffs affecting the least superfluous part of the household's consumption. The main policy recommendation would involve redesigning water tariffs in order to improve access for lower income households to an amount of water sufficient to cover their basic needs. The proposed methodology could be applied to other geographical areas, both from developed and from developing countries, in order to analyze the degree of progressivity of the water tariffs currently in effect and in order to guide the design of more equitable regulatory policies. PMID:20709443

Garca-Valias, Maria A; Martnez-Espieira, Roberto; Gonzlez-Gmez, Francisco

2010-12-01

88

Maximum-revenue tariff under Bertrand duopoly with unknown costs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper considers an international trade under Bertrand model with differentiated products and with unknown production costs. The home government imposes a specific import tariff per unit of imports from the foreign firm. We prove that this tariff is decreasing in the expected production costs of the foreign firm and increasing in the production costs of the home firm. Furthermore, it is increasing in the degree of product substitutability. We also show that an increase in the tariff results in both firms increasing their prices, an increase in both expected sales and expected profits for the home firm, and a decrease in both expected sales and expected profits for the foreign firm.

Ferreira, Fernanda A.; Ferreira, Flvio

2009-09-01

89

Energy Prices, Tariffs, Taxes and Subsidies in Ukraine  

SciTech Connect

For many years, electricity, gas and district heating tariffs for residential consumers were very low in Ukraine; until recently, they were even lower than in neighbouring countries such as Russia. The increases in gas and electricity tariffs, implemented in 2006, are an important step toward sustainable pricing levels; however, electricity and natural gas (especially for households) are still priced below the long-run marginal cost. The problem seems even more serious in district heating and nuclear power. According to the Ministry of Construction, district heating tariffs, on average, cover about 80% of costs. Current electricity prices do not fully include the capital costs of power stations, which are particularly high for nuclear power. Although the tariff for nuclear electricity generation includes a small decommissioning charge, it has not been sufficient to accumulate necessary funds for nuclear plants decommissioning.

Evans, Meredydd

2007-04-01

90

78 FR 24430 - Tuna-Tariff Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2013 Tuna Classifiable Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2013 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2013...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

2013-04-25

91

19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

2010-04-01

92

19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

2013-04-01

93

19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

2012-04-01

94

19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

2011-04-01

95

19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

2014-04-01

96

19 CFR 10.881 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.881 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or...

2013-04-01

97

19 CFR 10.881 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.881 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or...

2012-04-01

98

19 CFR 10.881 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.881 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or...

2014-04-01

99

19 CFR 10.881 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level 10.881 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or...

2011-04-01

100

19 CFR 162.75 - Seizures limited under section 592, Tariff Act of 1930, as amended.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Seizures limited under section 592, Tariff Act...CONTINUED) INSPECTION, SEARCH, AND SEIZURE Special Procedures for Certain Violations 162.75 Seizures limited under section 592, Tariff...

2011-04-01

101

19 CFR 162.75 - Seizures limited under section 592, Tariff Act of 1930, as amended.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Seizures limited under section 592, Tariff Act...CONTINUED) INSPECTION, SEARCH, AND SEIZURE Special Procedures for Certain Violations 162.75 Seizures limited under section 592, Tariff...

2010-04-01

102

75 FR 75695 - Certain Footwear: Recommendations for Modifying the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...an additional tariff line under subheading 6401...these additional tariff lines and indicated that...by the FDRA and Pro Line in that context. For an up-to-date copy of the HTS, which incorporates the international Harmonized System...

2010-12-06

103

49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

2013-10-01

104

49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

2013-10-01

105

49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

2014-10-01

106

49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of...

2014-10-01

107

49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

2010-10-01

108

49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of...

2012-10-01

109

49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

2011-10-01

110

49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

2012-10-01

111

49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

2011-10-01

112

49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.  

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

2014-10-01

113

49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

2012-10-01

114

49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of...

2013-10-01

115

49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of...

2010-10-01

116

49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of...

2011-10-01

117

49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

2010-10-01

118

18 CFR 35.1 - Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service... 35.1 Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service... (a) Every public utility shall file with the Commission and...

2010-04-01

119

47 CFR 61.172 - Changes to be incorporated in tariffs of successor carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Changes to be incorporated in tariffs of successor...of Predecessor Carriers 61.172 Changes to be incorporated in tariffs of successor...tariff the rates applying locally between points on the transferred portion....

2010-10-01

120

The following are the tariffs agreed between the University and Orange for all mobile phones  

E-print Network

The following are the tariffs agreed between the University and Orange for all mobile phones If you. Except iPhones which have an additional tariff as follows Data bundle A for iPhone Device data bundle (iPhone tariffs for all mobile phones and iPhones Orange Price plan 5 ­ Rental per month £0.00 Orange Standard

Burton, Geoffrey R.

121

14 CFR 221.112 - Rejected tariff is void and must not be used.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. 221.112 Section...Publications 221.112 Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. A tariff rejected by the Department is void and is without any force or effect...

2012-01-01

122

14 CFR 221.112 - Rejected tariff is void and must not be used.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. 221.112 Section...Publications 221.112 Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. A tariff rejected by the Department is void and is without any force or effect...

2011-01-01

123

14 CFR 221.112 - Rejected tariff is void and must not be used.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. 221.112 Section...Publications 221.112 Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. A tariff rejected by the Department is void and is without any force or effect...

2013-01-01

124

14 CFR 221.112 - Rejected tariff is void and must not be used.  

...2014-01-01 false Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. 221.112 Section...Publications 221.112 Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. A tariff rejected by the Department is void and is without any force or effect...

2014-01-01

125

14 CFR 221.112 - Rejected tariff is void and must not be used.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. 221.112 Section...Publications 221.112 Rejected tariff is void and must not be used. A tariff rejected by the Department is void and is without any force or effect...

2010-01-01

126

Pricing for scarcity? An efficiency analysis of increasing block tariffs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water pricing schedules often contain significant nonlinearities, such as the increasing block tariff (IBT) structure that is abundantly applied for residential users. The IBT is frequently supported as a good tool for achieving the goals of equity, water conservation, and revenue neutrality but seldom has been grounded on efficiency justifications. In particular, existing literature on water pricing establishes that although efficient schedules will depend on demand and supply characteristics, IBT cannot usually be recommended. In this paper, we consider whether the explicit inclusion of scarcity considerations can strengthen the appeal of IBT. Results show that when both demand and costs react to climate factors, increasing marginal prices may come about as a response to a combination of water scarcity and customer heterogeneity. We derive testable conditions and then illustrate their application through an estimation of Portuguese residential water demand. We show that the recommended tariff schedule hinges crucially on the choice of functional form for demand.

Monteiro, Henrique; Roseta-Palma, Catarina

2011-06-01

127

Taxes, Tariffs and Transfer Pricing in Multinational Corporate Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three interrelated aspects of U.S. multinational corporation activity are analyzed here: the ability to shift profits from high-tax countries to low-tax countries; the impact of host country taxes and tariffs on the distribution of real capital; and the influence of these policies on international trade patterns of the United States and host countries. The cross-sectional empirical analysis indicates that the

Harry Grubert; John Mutti

1991-01-01

128

District Heating Systems Performance Analyses. Heat Energy Tariff  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper addresses an important element of the European energy sector: the evaluation of district heating (DH) system operations from the standpoint of increasing energy efficiency and increasing the use of renewable energy resources. This has been done by developing a new methodology for the evaluation of the heat tariff. The paper presents an algorithm of this methodology, which includes not only a data base and calculation equation systems, but also an integrated multi-criteria analysis module using MADM/MCDM (Multi-Attribute Decision Making / Multi-Criteria Decision Making) based on TOPSIS (Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to Ideal Solution). The results of the multi-criteria analysis are used to set the tariff benchmarks. The evaluation methodology has been tested for Latvian heat tariffs, and the obtained results show that only half of heating companies reach a benchmark value equal to 0.5 for the efficiency closeness to the ideal solution indicator. This means that the proposed evaluation methodology would not only allow companies to determine how they perform with regard to the proposed benchmark, but also to identify their need to restructure so that they may reach the level of a low-carbon business.

Ziemele, Jelena; Vigants, Girts; Vitolins, Valdis; Blumberga, Dagnija; Veidenbergs, Ivars

2014-12-01

129

Proposal Of A Spanish CPV Feed-in Tariff  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent research and field experiences in CPV systems have proved that this technology has present and potential advantages when compared with other sources of energy. Despite of that, if this technology wants to initiate its learning curve with the increment of the production and the consequent price reduction, it is necessary an institutional support that allows this technology to compete against other sources of energy through the creation of a favourable and attractive economic environment for potential investors to get interested in this new technology. Nowadays, Spain is a world CPV referent. The research developed by some of its organism and the industrial experience obtained in the past years through the installation of thousands of MW, is a guarantee of its scientific and industrial potential. The intention of this report is to justify the reasons to set aside a power cap of 10 MW in the Spanish PV regulatory framework dedicated exclusively to CPV systems, and the increment of the feed-in tariff in 10.2 c/kWh over the present tariff and to reduce progressively this support in a 13% annual until it reaches the flat PV tariff.

Prez-Higueras, P.; Muoz, E.; Almonacid, G.; Vidal, P. G.; Banda, P.; Luque-Heredia, I.; Valera, P.; Cabrerizo, M.

2010-10-01

130

Environmental and international tariffs in a mixed duopoly  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we study the effects of environmental and trade policies in an international mixed duopoly serving two markets, in which the public firm maximizes the sum of consumer surplus and its profit. We also analyse the effects of privatization. The model has two stages. In the first stage, governments choose environmental taxes and import tariffs, simultaneously. Then, the firms engage in a Cournot competition, choosing output levels for the domestic market and to export. We compare the results obtained in the three different ways of moving on the decision make of the firms.

Ferreira, Fernanda A.; Ferreira, Flvio

2013-10-01

131

Agricultural Market Access Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in early 1999, the Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD) is a joint effort by Agriculture and AgriFood Canada, EU Commission - Agriculture Directorate-General, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, The World Bank, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and United States Department of Agriculture - Economic Research Service. AMAD was created in order to "provide a common data set on tariffs, TRQs and imports, as well as the tools for researchers, policymakers, and others to use in analyzing levels of tariff protection in agriculture among WTO Members." Users begin by selecting a region on a map; from there they can narrow their search by country, and the database will generate a data set on that country. AMAD also provides a 30-page User's Guide which helps explain the purpose and uses of the database, as well as helping to decipher some of the information contained in AMAD. At present, not all countries worldwide can be accessed through this database. AMAD, however, promises to continue to expand.

132

Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy?  

E-print Network

1 Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy? ICEPT Discussion Paper October 2010 University #12;2 Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy? Introduction This discussion paper is concerned with the potential to change the way the UK provides support for renewable energy

133

76 FR 27657 - Notice of Domestic Interested Party Petitioner's Desire To Contest the Tariff Classification...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...filed a domestic interested party petition pursuant to section 516, Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, and 19 CFR part 175 regarding...the National Candle Association, in accordance with section 516, Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1516),...

2011-05-12

134

75 FR 22418 - The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2010 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading 1604.14.22...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tariff-Rate Quota The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2010 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2010...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

2010-04-28

135

Oil-field equipment in Romania. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The Industry Sector Analyses (I.S.A.) for oil field equipment contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users, receptivity of Romanian consumers to U.S. products, the competitive situation - Romanian production, total import market, U.S. market position, foreign competition, and competitive factors, and market access - Romanian tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes and distribution channels. The I.S.A. provides the United States industry with meaningful information regarding the Romanian market for oil field equipment.

Tinis, R.

1991-09-01

136

Open Access Transmission and Renewable Energy Technologies  

SciTech Connect

In April 1996, the Federal Regulatory Commission (PERC) approved Orders 888 and 889 and released a draft rule for public comment on capacity reservation tariffs (CRTs). Order No. 888 requires electric utilities to file transmission tariffs that would allow transmission access to third parties who want to conduct wholesale transactions, and Order No. 889 requires transmission-owning utilities to set up open access, same-time information systems (OASIS), using commercial software and Internet protocols. This paper discusses these Orders in detail, as well as some of the issues before FERC with implications for renewables, which include: transmission pricing; transmission terms and conditions; reassignment of transmission capacity; defining state and FERC jurisdiction over transmission and distribution; the pricing of ancillary services; and the adoption and implementation of independent system operators.

Porter, K.

1996-09-01

137

Web Accessibility Accessibility  

E-print Network

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Oklahoma, University of

138

19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2010-04-01

139

19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2014-04-01

140

19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2013-04-01

141

19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2011-04-01

142

19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2012-04-01

143

19 CFR 10.863 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.863 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2013-04-01

144

19 CFR 10.863 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.863 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2014-04-01

145

19 CFR 10.863 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.863 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2012-04-01

146

19 CFR 10.882 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...otherwise assembled in the territory of Oman from fabric or yarn produced or obtained outside the territory of Oman or the United States are eligible for...

2013-04-01

147

19 CFR 10.882 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...otherwise assembled in the territory of Oman from fabric or yarn produced or obtained outside the territory of Oman or the United States are eligible for...

2014-04-01

148

19 CFR 10.882 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...otherwise assembled in the territory of Oman from fabric or yarn produced or obtained outside the territory of Oman or the United States are eligible for...

2011-04-01

149

19 CFR 10.882 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...otherwise assembled in the territory of Oman from fabric or yarn produced or obtained outside the territory of Oman or the United States are eligible for...

2012-04-01

150

19 CFR 10.863 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.863 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

2011-04-01

151

49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

2012-10-01

152

49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

2011-10-01

153

49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

2013-10-01

154

49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.  

...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

2014-10-01

155

49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

2010-10-01

156

29 CFR 4.118 - Contracts for carriage subject to published tariff rates.  

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Contracts for carriage subject to published tariff... LABOR STANDARDS FOR FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS Application of the McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Specific Exclusions ...

2014-07-01

157

29 CFR 4.118 - Contracts for carriage subject to published tariff rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contracts for carriage subject to published tariff... LABOR STANDARDS FOR FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS Application of the McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Specific Exclusions ...

2011-07-01

158

14 CFR 221.500 - Transmission of electronic tariffs to subscribers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Electronically...exceed a reasonable estimate of the added cost of providing the service...database. The terms and prices for such value-added service may be set by the...

2013-01-01

159

14 CFR 221.500 - Transmission of electronic tariffs to subscribers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Electronically...exceed a reasonable estimate of the added cost of providing the service...database. The terms and prices for such value-added service may be set by the...

2010-01-01

160

14 CFR 221.500 - Transmission of electronic tariffs to subscribers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Electronically...exceed a reasonable estimate of the added cost of providing the service...database. The terms and prices for such value-added service may be set by the...

2011-01-01

161

14 CFR 221.500 - Transmission of electronic tariffs to subscribers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Electronically...exceed a reasonable estimate of the added cost of providing the service...database. The terms and prices for such value-added service may be set by the...

2012-01-01

162

14 CFR 221.500 - Transmission of electronic tariffs to subscribers.  

...TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Electronically...exceed a reasonable estimate of the added cost of providing the service...database. The terms and prices for such value-added service may be set by the...

2014-01-01

163

19 CFR 10.703 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.703 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment. An...

2010-04-01

164

19 CFR 10.703 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.703 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment. An...

2013-04-01

165

19 CFR 10.712 - Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Origin Verifications 10.712 Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment. A...

2013-04-01

166

19 CFR 10.712 - Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Origin Verifications 10.712 Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment. A...

2010-04-01

167

19 CFR 10.703 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.703 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment. An...

2011-04-01

168

19 CFR 10.703 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.703 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment. An...

2012-04-01

169

19 CFR 10.712 - Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Origin Verifications 10.712 Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment. A...

2011-04-01

170

19 CFR 10.712 - Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Origin Verifications 10.712 Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment. A...

2014-04-01

171

19 CFR 10.703 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements 10.703 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment. An...

2014-04-01

172

19 CFR 10.712 - Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Jordan Free Trade Agreement Origin Verifications 10.712 Verification of claim for preferential tariff treatment. A...

2012-04-01

173

76 FR 15340 - Certain Festive Articles: Recommendations for Modifying the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Tariff Affairs and Trade Agreements (202-205-2605, janis.summers@usitc.gov). The media should contact Margaret O'Laughlin, Office of External Affairs (202-205-1819, margaret.olaughlin@usitc.gov). Hearing impaired individuals may...

2011-03-21

174

Comparison of feed-in tariff, quota and auction mechanisms to support wind power development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of support schemes for market-based deployment of renewable energy in the UK and Germany shows that the feed-in tariff reduces costs to consumers and results in larger deployment. A survey among project developers suggests two explanations: (1) Site selection presents the biggest obstacle under the feed-in tariff. Uncertain financing of other schemes reduces efforts at initial project stages

Lucy Butler; Karsten Neuhoff

2008-01-01

175

Innovative Feed-In Tariff Designs that Limit Policy Costs  

SciTech Connect

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are the most prevalent renewable energy policy used globally to date, and there are many benefits to the certainty offered in the marketplace to reduce development risks and associated financing costs and to grow the renewable energy industry. However, concerns over escalating costs in jurisdictions with FIT policies have led to increased attention on cost control in renewable energy policy design. In recent years, policy mechanisms for containing FIT costs have become more refined, allowing policymakers to exert greater control on policy outcomes and on the resulting costs to ratepayers. As policymakers and regulators in the United States begin to explore the use of FITs, careful consideration must be given to the ways in which policy design can be used to balance the policies' advantages while bounding its costs. This report explores mechanisms that policymakers have implemented to limit FIT policy costs. If designed clearly and transparently, such mechanisms can align policymaker and market expectations for project deployment. Three different policy tools are evaluated: (1) caps, (2) payment level adjustment mechanisms, and (3) auction-based designs. The report employs case studies to explore the strengths and weaknesses of these three cost containment tools. These tools are then evaluated with a set of criteria including predictability for policymakers and the marketplace and the potential for unintended consequences.

Kreycik, C.; Couture, T. D.; Cory, K. S.

2011-06-01

176

Policymaker's Guide to Feed-in Tariff Policy Design  

SciTech Connect

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are the most widely used renewable energy policy in the world for driving accelerating renewable energy (RE) deployment, accounting for a greater share of RE development than either tax incentives or renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies. FITs have generated significant RE deployment, helping bring the countries that have implemented them successfully to the forefront of the global RE industry. In the European Union (EU), FIT policies have led to the deployment of more than 15,000 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) power and more than 55,000 MW of wind power between 2000 and the end of 2009. In total, FITs are responsible for approximately 75% of global PV and 45% of global wind deployment. Countries such as Germany, in particular, have demonstrated that FITs can be used as a powerful policy tool to drive RE deployment and help meet combined energy security and emissions reductions objectives. This policymaker's guide provides a detailed analysis of FIT policy design and implementation and identifies a set of best practices that have been effective at quickly stimulating the deployment of large amounts of RE generation. Although the discussion is aimed primarily at decision makers who have decided that a FIT policy best suits their needs, exploration of FIT policies can also help inform a choice among alternative renewable energy policies.

Couture, T. D.; Cory, K.; Kreycik, C.; Williams, E.

2010-07-01

177

18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Section 35.28 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...spinning re serves ,supplemental reserves, reactive power and voltage control, or...

2013-04-01

178

18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.  

...response resources the market price for energy for these reductions when these...and when payment of the market price for energy to these resources is cost-effective...demand response reduces the market price for energy at the time when the demand...

2014-04-01

179

18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy), and the standard small generator...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy required by the preceding subsection...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy), or the standard small...

2011-04-01

180

18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy), and the standard small generator...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy required by the preceding subsection...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy), or the standard small...

2012-04-01

181

18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy), and the standard small generator...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy required by the preceding subsection...Final Rule on Interconnection for Wind Energy), or the standard small...

2010-04-01

182

Cost-Causation-Based Tariffs for Wind Ancillary Service Impacts: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Conference paper discussing the integration cost of wind. Although specific tariffs for wind generation for ancillary services are uncommon, we anticipate that balancing authorities (control areas) and other entities will move toward such tariffs. Tariffs for regulation and imbalance services should be cost-based, recognize the relevant time scales that correspond with utility operational cycles, and properly allocate those costs to those entities that cause the balancing authority to incur the costs. In this paper, we present methods for separating wind's impact into regulation and load following (imbalance) time scales. We show that approximating these impacts with simpler methods can significantly distort cost causation and even cause confusion between the relevant time scales. We present results from NREL's wind data collection program to illustrate the dangers of linearly scaling wind resource data from small wind plants to approximate the wind resource data from large wind plants. Finally, we provide a framework for developing regulation and imbalance tariffs, we outline methods to begin examining contingency reserve requirements for wind plants, we provide guidance on the important characteristics to consider, and we provide hypothetical cases that the tariff can be tested against to determine whether the results are desired.

Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.; Wan, Y.

2006-06-01

183

Encouraging vehicle-to-grid (V2G) participation through premium tariff rates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The provision of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services to an electric grid by electric vehicles (EVs) can potentially reduce the cost of vehicle ownership through revenue generation. Recent studies indicate that yearly vehicle profit from V2G may not be sufficient to induce widespread participation. This paper investigates the feasibility of a premium tariff rate for V2G power, similar to current feed-in-tariff (FIT) programs for renewable energy. Using Ontario, Canada as a case study, an hourly time-series model for a fleet of commuter EVs is created. Tariff rates for V2G peak power are calculated based on the same return on investment as the current FIT for renewable energy in Ontario. The tariff rates are competitive with the renewable energy tariffs, especially when EVs are allowed to provide ancillary services to the grid in addition to peak power. Despite the guaranteed rate of return, yearly vehicle profit is low. Two variations are considered to increase vehicle profit, thereby enhancing the attractiveness of V2G. A higher return on investment is favored over direct benefits offered to EV owners. A higher return on investment may be justifiable based on the higher level of risk inherent in V2G when compared to renewable energy.

Richardson, David B.

2013-12-01

184

77 FR 37614 - Tariffs (Other Than Tariff Review Plan); Connect America Fund; A National Broadband Plan for Our...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Plan for Our Future; Establishing Just and Reasonable Rates for Local Exchange Carriers; High-Cost Universal Service Support AGENCY...regulation of interstate and intra-state switched access rates and reciprocal compensation rates to bill-and-...

2012-06-22

185

Effect of a tariff on the environment and welfare: The case of an environmental differentiated duopoly in a Green Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing a model of environmental quality-differentiated products, we analyze the effect of an ad valorem tariff on the unit emission level of the products, the environment and welfare in the Bertrand and the Cournot duopoly cases, respectively. We show that the effect of the tariff policy depends on the mode of market competition and the degree of marginal social valuation

Tsuyoshi Toshimitsu

2008-01-01

186

The Dutch tariff: results and arguments for an effective design for national EQ-5D valuation studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to estimate a Dutch EQ-5D tariff and to determine in a simulation study using the dataset of the original UK valuation study, the number of health states and respondents needed to estimate a reliable tariff. In all, 300 Dutch respondents directly valued 17 states compared to 3000 respondents and 42 states in the original

L. M. Lamers; J. McDonnell; P. F. M. Stalmeier; P. F. M. Krabbe; J. J. V. Busschbach

2006-01-01

187

78 FR 46491 - Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Regulation for the 2013...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary 7 CFR Part 6 Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...This document sets forth the revised appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...the cumulative annual transfers from Appendix 1 to Appendix 2 for certain dairy...

2013-08-01

188

75 FR 53565 - Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Regulation for the 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary 7 CFR Part 6 Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...This document sets forth the revised appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...the cumulative annual transfers from Appendix 1 to Appendix 2 for certain dairy...

2010-09-01

189

77 FR 51681 - Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Regulation for the 2012...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary 7 CFR Part 6 Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...This document sets forth the revised appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...the cumulative annual transfers from Appendix 1 to Appendix 2 for certain dairy...

2012-08-27

190

76 FR 63538 - Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Regulation for the 2011...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secretary 7 CFR Part 6 Adjustment of Appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...This document sets forth the revised appendices to the Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...the cumulative annual transfers from Appendix 1 to Appendix 2 for certain dairy...

2011-10-13

191

A Plea for Simpler Electricity Tariffs Philip E. Coleman and Christopher T. Payne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

E-print Network

A Plea for Simpler Electricity Tariffs Philip E. Coleman and Christopher T. Payne, Lawrence asserts that electric rate structures in the United States are often so confusing that even large a simplified declaration (in tariffs and/or bills) to electricity customers of what their marginal costs are

192

Effect of A-Level Subject Choice and Entry Tariff on Final Degree and Level 1 Performance in Biosciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the publication of the higher education white paper increasing entry tariff and widening participation have become even more important issues for universities. This report examines the relationship between entry tariff and undergraduate achievement in Biosciences at the University of Exeter. We show that, whilst there is a significant

King, Nicola C.; Aves, Stephen J.

2012-01-01

193

U.S. Agricultural Production Affected by Mexican Tariffs  

E-print Network

Background The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) granted complete cross-border access for land with the provisions which led to a NAFTA dispute resolution in favor of Mexico in 2001. Subsequently, 100 Mexican consumers and lead to increased U.S. exports. Prepared at the request of the Border Trade Alliance

194

From Physical to Digital Delivery: Definition, Scope and Tariff Revenue Implications of Electronic Goods Trading  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of cross-border electronic commerce, an increasing number of products that have been traded physically in the past are now imported digitally. This raises a number of issues, which are currently debated at the international level: should these products be defined as goods or services; which multilateral trade rules should govern them; and, should they remain tariff and

Susanne Teltscher

2001-01-01

195

Developing Countries and General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade\\/World Trade Organization Dispute Settlement  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has long been observed that developing countries made scant use of dispute settlement under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Less clear are the reasons for this. Most observers insist that the various GATT reforms that were intended to help developing countries failed to insulate them from the \\

Marc L. BUSCH; Eric REINHARDT

2003-01-01

196

19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

2012-04-01

197

19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

2010-04-01

198

19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

2013-04-01

199

19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

2014-04-01

200

19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

2011-04-01

201

Trade Measures as Part of the Solution: How Compensatory Tariffs Can Help Save Endangered Sea Turtles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to continue the discussion of the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies' October conference on trade measures and the environment, this paper explores how one trade measure, compensatory tariffs, which has been suggested in theory but never put into practice, might be appropriately used in the current debate over preserving endangered sea turtles. In a

Victor A. Menotti

1994-01-01

202

78 FR 17394 - Filing via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings; Revisions to Electric Quarterly Report Filing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket Nos. RM07-16-000; RM01-5-000; RM12-3-000] Filing via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings; Revisions to Electric Quarterly Report Filing Process; Notice of Technical Conference Take...

2013-03-21

203

Industry sector analysis Canada: Water pollution control equipment and instrumentation. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

U.S. suppliers of water pollution control equipment are in a prime position to benefit from Canadian industries' needs to modernize equipment in order to comply with tough, new legislation to control water pollution. In selling to the Canadian market, U.S. suppliers clearly benefit from the advantages of advanced technical know-how, proximity to the market, and reduced tariffs under the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement (CFTA). The Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Canadian consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation (Canadian production, total import market, U.S. market position, foreign competition, competitive factors), and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). The ISA also contains Key Contact information.

Bryan, T.; Lee, S.

1992-08-01

204

Viability of increasing the tariff of freshwater for irrigation as a tool to stimulate wastewater reuse in the MENA region.  

PubMed

Despite water scarcity and high agricultural water demand in the Middle East and North Africa region, substantial proportions of treated wastewater are discharged into the environment and seas without proper utilization. All countries of the region, low pricing of reclaimed wastewater is a common tool to make reuse attractive. However, low pricing of reclaimed wastewater is ineffectual due to farmers' access to freshwater for irrigation at low tariff. Therefore, increasing the prices of freshwater in such a way that does not jeopardize feasibility of agriculture would promote irrigation with reclaimed wastewater even at increased prices. On one hand, it increases the gap between the price of freshwater and that of reclaimed wastewater, making the later more attractive. On the other hand, it would be used as a financial resource for funding the investment costs of the infrastructure needed for conveyance and distribution of reclaimed wastewater. This paper studies the viability of increasing the prices of freshwater and reclaimed wastewater. The results show that irrigation with reclaimed wastewater even for restricted irrigation can be as profitable as, and sometimes better than, freshwater irrigation. Some of the permitted crops such as fruit trees can be more profitable than vegetables. Thus, it appears that the level of knowledge farmers and others on the benefits of reclaimed wastewater is still limited. PMID:18496015

Abu-Madi, M; Al-Sa'ed, R; Braadbaart, O; Alaerts, G

2008-01-01

205

78 FR 23890 - Notice of Funds Availability: Inviting Applications for the Emerging Markets Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...implementation will benefit an emerging market's...reduce potential trade barriers, and will benefit a particular industry...other non-tariff barriers) to the effectiveness...approach, the anticipated benefits, and any...

2013-04-23

206

The Impact of Liberalizing Barriers to Foreign Direct Investment in Services: The Case of Russian Accession to the World Trade Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jensen, Rutherford, and Tarr use a computable general equilibrium model of the Russian economy to assess the impact of accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), which encompasses improved market access, tariff reduction, and reduction of barriers against multinational service providers. They assume that foreign direct investment in business services is necessary for multinationals to compete well with Russian business

Jesper Jensen; Thomas Rutherford; David Tarr

2004-01-01

207

67 FR 65963 - Cotton Valley Compression, L.L.C.; Notice of Compressor Change Tariff, Rate, and Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compression, L.L.C.; Notice of Compressor Change Tariff, Rate, and Environmental...describing the first change of leased compressor units, (2) recomputing the stated...the cost and capacity impacts of that compressor change, (3) replacing specific...

2002-10-29

208

68 FR 54218 - Cotton Valley Compression, L.L.C.; Notice of Second Compressor Change Tariff, Rate, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compression, L.L.C.; Notice of Second Compressor Change Tariff, Rate, and Environmental...describing the SECOND change of leased compressor units, (2) recomputing the stated...the cost and capacity impacts of that compressor change, (3) replacing specific...

2003-09-16

209

77 FR 58525 - Notice of Solicitation of Applications for Allocation of Tariff Rate Quotas on the Import of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...wool fabrics in the United States for an allocation of the 2013 tariff rate...Commerce, 1401 Constitution Ave. NW...mail) or from the following Internet...Mease, Office of Textiles and...Schedule of the United States (HTS)...

2012-09-21

210

78 FR 56658 - Notice of Solicitation of Applications for Allocation of Tariff Rate Quotas on the Import of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...wool fabrics in the United States for an allocation of the 2014 tariff rate...Commerce, 1401 Constitution Ave. NW...mail) or from the following Internet...Mease, Office of Textiles and...Schedule of the United States (HTS)...

2013-09-13

211

77 FR 58524 - Notice of Solicitation of Applications for Allocation of Tariff Rate Quotas on the Import of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and trousers in the United States for an allocation of the 2013 tariff rate...Commerce, 1401 Constitution Ave. NW...facsimile) or from the following Internet...Mease, Office of Textiles and...Schedule of the United States (HTS)...

2012-09-21

212

78 FR 56657 - Notice of Solicitation of Applications for Allocation of Tariff Rate Quotas on the Import of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and trousers in the United States for an allocation of the 2014 tariff rate...Commerce, 1401 Constitution Ave. NW...facsimile) or from the following Internet...Mease, Office of Textiles and...Schedule of the United States (HTS)...

2013-09-13

213

75 FR 38772 - Amendment to the 2010 Tariff Preference Level (TPL) for Nicaragua Under the Central America...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Amendment to the 2010 Tariff...Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA). ACTION: Amending...International Trade Specialist, Office of Textiles and Apparel, U.S. Department of...

2010-07-06

214

77 FR 40589 - Amendment to the 2012 Tariff Preference Level (TPL) for Nicaragua Under the Central America...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Amendment to the 2012 Tariff...Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA). ACTION: Amending...International Trade Specialist, Office of Textiles and Apparel, U.S. Department of...

2012-07-10

215

78 FR 15803 - Request for Petitions To Accelerate Tariff Elimination and Modify the Rules of Origin Under the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Representative. ACTION: Notice of opportunity to file petitions requesting accelerated tariff elimination and changes to the non-textile and non-apparel products rules of origin under the United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (``the...

2013-03-12

216

78 FR 39259 - Amendment to the 2013 Tariff Preference Level (TPL) for Nicaragua Under the Central America...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Amendment to the 2013 Tariff...Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA). ACTION: Amending...International Trade Specialist, Office of Textiles and Apparel, U.S. Department of...

2013-07-01

217

47 CFR 61.49 - Supporting information to be submitted with letters of transmittal for tariffs of carriers...  

...materials sufficient to establish compliance with the applicable bands, and to calculate the necessary adjustment to the affected APIs and SBIs pursuant to 61.46 and 61.47, respectively. (c) Each price cap tariff filing that proposes rates...

2014-10-01

218

47 CFR 61.49 - Supporting information to be submitted with letters of transmittal for tariffs of carriers...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...materials sufficient to establish compliance with the applicable bands, and to calculate the necessary adjustment to the affected APIs and SBIs pursuant to 61.46 and 61.47, respectively. (c) Each price cap tariff filing that proposes rates...

2012-10-01

219

47 CFR 61.49 - Supporting information to be submitted with letters of transmittal for tariffs of carriers...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...materials sufficient to establish compliance with the applicable bands, and to calculate the necessary adjustment to the affected APIs and SBIs pursuant to 61.46 and 61.47, respectively. (c) Each price cap tariff filing that proposes rates...

2011-10-01

220

47 CFR 61.49 - Supporting information to be submitted with letters of transmittal for tariffs of carriers...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...materials sufficient to establish compliance with the applicable bands, and to calculate the necessary adjustment to the affected APIs and SBIs pursuant to 61.46 and 61.47, respectively. (c) Each price cap tariff filing that proposes rates...

2013-10-01

221

47 CFR 61.49 - Supporting information to be submitted with letters of transmittal for tariffs of carriers...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...materials sufficient to establish compliance with the applicable bands, and to calculate the necessary adjustment to the affected APIs and SBIs pursuant to 61.46 and 61.47, respectively. (c) Each price cap tariff filing that proposes rates...

2010-10-01

222

75 FR 38805 - Filing Via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings Notice of Display of Time on Commission's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. RM07-16-000; RM01-5-000] Filing Via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings Notice of Display of Time on Commission's Electronic Filing System June 28, 2010. Take...

2010-07-06

223

Feed-in Tariff Policy: Design, Implementation, and RPS Policy Interactions  

SciTech Connect

Feed-in tariff (FIT) policies are implemented in more than 40 countries around the world and are cited as the primary reason for the success of the German and Spanish renewable energy markets. As a result of that success, FIT policy proposals are starting to gain traction in several U.S. states and municipalities. Experience from Europe is also beginning to demonstrate that properly designed FITs may be more cost-effective than renewable portfolio standards (RPS), which make use of competitive solicitations. This article explores the design and operation of feed-in tariff policies, including a FIT policy definition, payment-structure options, and payment differentiation. The article also touches on the potential interactions between FIT policies and RPS policies at the state level.

Cory, K.; Couture, T.; Kreycik, C.

2009-03-01

224

Availability Based Tariff and its impact On different Industry Players-A Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ABT is a performance-based tariff for the supply of electricity by generators owned and controlled by the central government. It is also a new system of scheduling and dispatch, which requires both generators and beneficiaries to commit to day-ahead schedules. It is a system of rewards and penalties seeking to enforce day ahead pre-committed schedules, though variations are permitted if notified One and one half hours in advance. The order emphasizes prompt payment of dues. ABT (Availability Based Tariff) along with the Electricity Act of 2003 is perhaps the most significant and definitive step taken in the Indian power sector so far to bring more efficiency and focus to this vital infrastructure. The ABT mechanism is based on financial principles. ABT scheme is for unscheduled interchange of power. The paper reviews ABT issues, its components, clauses, mechanism, benefits and the impact of grid on different players like generation utilities, grid operator, consumers involved in power generation, transmission and distribution. While the proposed tariff structure has wide implications for each player, this deals exclusively with the technology challenges/opportunities thrown up by ABT.

Holmukhe, R. M.; Pawar, Yogini; Desai, R. S.; Hasarmani, T. S.

2010-10-01

225

Assessing DRG cost accounting with respect to resource allocation and tariff calculation: the case of Germany.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the German diagnosis related groups (G-DRG) cost accounting scheme by assessing its resource allocation at hospital level and its tariff calculation at national level. First, the paper reviews and assesses the three steps in the G-DRG resource allocation scheme at hospital level: (1) the groundwork; (2) cost-center accounting; and (3) patient-level costing. Second, the paper reviews and assesses the three steps in G-DRG national tariff calculation: (1) plausibility checks; (2) inlier calculation; and (3) the "one hospital" approach. The assessment is based on the two main goals of G-DRG introduction: improving transparency and efficiency. A further empirical assessment attests high costing quality. The G-DRG cost accounting scheme shows high system quality in resource allocation at hospital level, with limitations concerning a managerially relevant full cost approach and limitations in terms of advanced activity-based costing at patient-level. However, the scheme has serious flaws in national tariff calculation: inlier calculation is normative, and the "one hospital" model causes cost bias, adjustment and representativeness issues. The G-DRG system was designed for reimbursement calculation, but developed to a standard with strategic management implications, generalized by the idea of adapting a hospital's cost structures to DRG revenues. This combination causes problems in actual hospital financing, although resource allocation is advanced at hospital level. PMID:22935314

Vogl, Matthias

2012-01-01

226

Rationale and design of the health economics evaluation registry for remote follow-up: TARIFF  

PubMed Central

Aims The aims of the study are to develop a cost-minimization analysis from the hospital perspective and a cost-effectiveness analysis from the third payer standpoint, based on direct estimates of costs and QOL associated with remote follow-ups, using Merlin@home and Merlin.net, compared with standard ambulatory follow-ups, in the management of ICD and CRT-D recipients. Methods and results Remote monitoring systems can replace ambulatory follow-ups, sparing human and economic resources, and increasing patient safety. TARIFF is a prospective, controlled, observational study aimed at measuring the direct and indirect costs and quality of life (QOL) of all participants by a 1-year economic evaluation. A detailed set of hospitalized and ambulatory healthcare costs and losses of productivity that could be directly influenced by the different means of follow-ups will be collected. The study consists of two phases, each including 100 patients, to measure the economic resources consumed during the first phase, associated with standard ambulatory follow-ups, vs. the second phase, associated with remote follow-ups. Conclusion Remote monitoring systems enable caregivers to better ensure patient safety and the healthcare to limit costs. TARIFF will allow defining the economic value of remote ICD follow-ups for Italian hospitals, third payers, and patients. The TARIFF study, based on a cost-minimization analysis, directly comparing remote follow-up with standard ambulatory visits, will validate the cost effectiveness of the Merlin.net technology, and define a proper reimbursement schedule applicable for the Italian healthcare system. Trial registration: NCT01075516. PMID:22544910

Ricci, Renato P.; D'Onofrio, Antonio; Padeletti, Luigi; Sagone, Antonio; Vicentini, Alfredo; Vincenti, Antonio; Morichelli, Loredana; Cavallaro, Ciro; Ricciardi, Giuseppe; Lombardi, Leonida; Fusco, Antonio; Rovaris, Giovanni; Silvestri, Paolo; Guidotto, Tiziana; Pollastrelli, Annalisa; Santini, Massimo

2012-01-01

227

Scoring the Icecap-a Capability Instrument. Estimation of a UK General Population Tariff.  

PubMed

This paper reports the results of a best-worst scaling (BWS) study to value the Investigating Choice Experiments Capability Measure for Adults (ICECAP-A), a new capability measure among adults, in a UK setting. A main effects plan plus its foldover was used to estimate weights for each of the four levels of all five attributes. The BWS study was administered to 413 randomly sampled individuals, together with sociodemographic and other questions. Scale-adjusted latent class analyses identified two preference and two (variance) scale classes. Ability to characterize preference and scale heterogeneity was limited, but data quality was good, and the final model exhibited a high pseudo-r-squared. After adjusting for heterogeneity, a population tariff was estimated. This showed that 'attachment' and 'stability' each account for around 22% of the space, and 'autonomy', 'achievement' and 'enjoyment' account for around 18% each. Across all attributes, greater value was placed on the difference between the lowest levels of capability than between the highest. This tariff will enable ICECAP-A to be used in economic evaluation both within the field of health and across public policy generally. 2013 The Authors. Health Economics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. PMID:24254584

Flynn, Terry N; Huynh, Elisabeth; Peters, Tim J; Al-Janabi, Hareth; Clemens, Sam; Moody, Alison; Coast, Joanna

2015-03-01

228

47 CFR 61.39 - Optional supporting information to be submitted with letters of transmittal for Access Tariff...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Maximum allowable rate of return. Local exchange carriers filing...based on the local exchange carrier's prescribed rate of return applicable...greater than the rates established by the price cap local exchange carrier....

2010-10-01

229

46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No...PROCEDURE Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error...

2013-10-01

230

46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error  

...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No...PROCEDURE Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error...

2014-10-01

231

46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No...PROCEDURE Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error...

2012-10-01

232

46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No...PROCEDURE Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit...Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error...

2011-10-01

233

Web Accessibility and Accessibility Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates that programs and services be accessible to people with disabilities. While schools of library and information science (SLIS*) and university libraries should model accessible Web sites, this may not be the case. This article examines previous studies about the Web accessibility of

Green, Ravonne A.; Huprich, Julia

2009-01-01

234

The impact of the Uruguay Round on tariff escalation in agricultural products 1 This article is based on a recently concluded study (see Lindland, 1997, The Impact of the Uruguay Round on Tariff Escalation in Agricultural Products, Commodities and Trade Division, FAO, Rome, 78 pp.) by the author who is agricultural trade policy analyst in the Commodities and Trade Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome. The views in this article are the author's and do not necessarily reflect those of FAO. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tariff escalation (i.e. higher tariffs on processed agricultural products than on their input commodities) has been one of the obstacles for developing countries in their efforts to establish processing industries for exports. This article assesses the changes in tariff escalation resulting from the Uruguay Round (UR) tariff concessions, examining the agricultural import markets of EU, Japan and the US. The

Jostein Lindland

1997-01-01

235

Study on How U.S. Imposing Carbon Tariffs will Influence China's Export Trade and Its Countermeasure Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States, China's biggest export market, is planning to impose a carbon tariff against countries without strict GHG emissions reduction standards, which will necessarily have immense influence on China's export trade. In this dissertation, its background and imposing methods are initially discussed. Impact on China's export trade volume, commodity prices, various industrial sectors, foreign investment manner, corporate operation modes

Sun Ruihua; Jiao Yuanyuan

2011-01-01

236

Relevance of Generation Interconnection Procedures to Feed-in Tariffs in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) have been used to promote renewable electricity development in over 40 countries throughout the past two decades. These policies generally provide guaranteed prices for the full system output from eligible generators for a fixed time period (typically 15-20 years). Due in part to the success of FIT policies in Europe, some jurisdictions in the United States are considering implementing similar policies, and a few have already put such policies in place. This report is intended to offer some guidance to policymakers and regulators on how generator interconnection procedures may affect the implementation of FITs and how state generator interconnection procedures can be formulated to support state renewable energy objectives. This report is based on a literature review of model interconnection procedures formulated by several organizations, as well as other documents that have reviewed, commented on, and in some cases, ranked state interconnection procedures.

Fink, S.; Porter, K.; Rogers, J.

2010-10-01

237

Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder

Suber, Peter

2012-01-01

238

Access Denied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building access control (BAC)--a catchall phrase to describe the systems that control access to facilities across campus--has traditionally been handled with remarkably low-tech solutions: (1) manual locks; (2) electronic locks; and (3) ID cards with magnetic strips. Recent improvements have included smart cards and keyless solutions that make use

Villano, Matt

2008-01-01

239

Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne  

E-print Network

to Catherine Bros, Fabian Gouret, Rodrigo Paillacar, Fida Karam and R´emi Bazillier. This work has benefited that Trade Facilitation does not take into ac- count traditional barriers: neither tariffs, nor non-tariff barriers. It incorporates new transaction costs, institutional costs, administrative delays, etc

Boyer, Edmond

240

Welfare Assessment of SPS Standards: An Empirical Study of Indo-US Mango Trade Dispute  

Microsoft Academic Search

As trade quotas have been eliminated under GATT and tariffs have been rationalized under WTO; the focal point of disputes and negotiations in international trade has shifted to non-tariff barriers (NTBs), particularly Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) standards. However, in the absence of any past experience and concrete scientific or empirical evidence, standards are usually kept at prohibitively high levels, thereby

Siddhartha. K. Rastogi

2011-01-01

241

Understanding Canada's International Trade Policy. "Understanding Economics" Series No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for secondary school Canadian students, the document examines Canada's international trade policy. It is arranged in three sections. Part I discusses the affect of Canada's trade policy on the individual citizen. Tariffs and non-tariff barriers to trade such as import licenses, preferential purchasing agreements, health and safety

Cornell, Peter M.

242

CERDI, Etudes et Documents, E 2009.32 Document de travail de la srie  

E-print Network

product under scrutiny; (iii) harmonization of standards is trade enhancing. Case studies confirm several the effects of non-tariff measures (NTMs) on trade flows are discussed and evaluated critically. Recent' NTMs are more restrictive than existing tariffs and, because of export composition towards agricultural

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

Market and behavioral barriers to energy efficiency: A preliminary evaluation of the case for tariff financing in California  

SciTech Connect

Consumers regularly forgo purchases of high efficiency appliances that appear to be cost effective at a reasonable rate of return. While some argue that this is a true revelation of preferences for appliance features, this 'efficiency gap' can be largely explained by a combination of market and behavioral failures that reduce consumers ability to evaluate the relative value of appliances and skew preferences toward initial cost savings, undervaluing future reductions in operating costs. These failures and barriers include externalities of energy use, imperfect competition between manufacturers, asymmetric information, bounded rationality, split incentives, and transaction costs (Golove 1996). Recognizing the social benefit of energy conservation, several major methods are used by policymakers to ensure that efficient appliances are purchased: minimum efficiency standards, Energy Star labeling, and rebates and tax credits. There is no single market for energy services; there are hundreds of uses, thousands of intermediaries, and millions of users, and likewise, no single appropriate government intervention (Golove 1996). Complementary approaches must be implemented, considering policy and institutional limitations. In this paper, I first lay out the rationale for government intervention by addressing the market and behavioral failures and barriers that arise in the context of residential energy efficiency. I then consider the ways in which some of these failures and barriers are addressed through major federal programs and state and utility level programs that leverage them, as well as identifying barriers that are not addressed by currently implemented programs. Heterogeneity of consumers, lack of financing options, and split incentives of landlords and tenants contribute significantly to the under-adoption of efficient appliances. To quantify the size of the market most affected by these barriers, I estimate the number of appliances, and in particular the number of outdated appliances, in California rental housing. Appliances in rental housing are on average older than those in owner occupied housing. More importantly, a substantial proportion of very old appliances are in rental housing. Having established that a very old stock of appliances exists in California rental housing, I discuss tariff financing as a policy option to reduce the impact of the remaining market and behavioral barriers. In a tariff financing program, the utility pays the initial cost of an appliance, and is repaid through subsequent utility bills. By eliminating upfront costs, tying repayment to the gas or electric meter, requiring a detailed energy audit, and relying upon utility bill payment history rather than credit score in determining participant eligibility, tariff financing largely overcomes many barriers to energy efficiency. Using California as a case study, I evaluate the feasibility of implementing tariff financing. For water heaters in particular, this appears to be a cost-effective strategy. Tariff financing from utilities is particularly valuable because it improves the ability of low-income renters to lower their utility bills, without burdening landlords with unrecoverable capital costs. To implement tariff financing country-wide, regulations in many states defining private loan-making institutions or the allowable use of public benefit funds may need to be modified. Tariff financing is relatively new and in most locations is only available as a pilot program or has only recently exited pilot phase. This preliminary evaluation suggests that tariff financing is a valuable future addition to the toolkit of policymakers who aim to increase the diffusion of efficient appliances. While regulatory approval is necessary in states that wish to pursue tariff financing, at this point, the major barrier to further implementation appears to be the newness of the financing mechanism.

Fujita, K. Sydny

2011-06-23

244

Equal Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interview with Stephen McCarthy, co-partner and president of Equal Access ADA Consulting Architects of San Diego, California, about designing schools to naturally integrate compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). (EV)

De Patta, Joe

2003-01-01

245

"Extreme" or tariff sports: their injuries and their prevention (with particular reference to diving, cheerleading, gymnastics, and figure skating).  

PubMed

The interface between sports medicine and performing arts medicine is closest for "tariff" sports, where the sportsperson can select their own programme of varying difficulty with the more complex skills carrying potential for higher marks. Inevitably, some performers over-reach themselves. Examples of injuries and prevention strategies to avoid such injuries are discussed in a preliminary analysis of four sports: diving, cheerleading, gymnastics, and figure skating. PMID:23417345

Foley, E C; Bird, H A

2013-04-01

246

Photovoltaics: reviewing the European Feed-in-Tariffs and changing PV efficiencies and costs.  

PubMed

Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) mechanisms have been important in boosting renewable energy, by providing a long-term guaranteed subsidy of the kWh-price, thus mitigating investment risks and enhancing the contribution of sustainable electricity. By ongoing PV development, the contribution of solar power increases exponentially. Within this significant potential, it is important for investors, operators, and scientists alike to provide answers to different questions related to subsidies, PV efficiencies and costs. The present paper therefore (i) briefly reviews the mechanisms, advantages, and evolution of FiT; (ii) describes the developments of PV, (iii) applies a comprehensive literature-based model for the solar irradiation to predict the PV solar energy potential in some target European countries, whilst comparing output predictions with the monthly measured electricity generation of a 57 m photovoltaic system (Belgium); and finally (iv) predicts the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in terms of investment and efficiency, providing LCOE values between 0.149 and 0.313 /kWh, as function of the overall process efficiency and cost. The findings clearly demonstrate the potential of PV energy in Europe, where FiT can be considerably reduced or even be eliminated in the near future. PMID:24959614

Zhang, H L; Van Gerven, T; Baeyens, J; Degrve, J

2014-01-01

247

Photovoltaics: Reviewing the European Feed-in-Tariffs and Changing PV Efficiencies and Costs  

PubMed Central

Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) mechanisms have been important in boosting renewable energy, by providing a long-term guaranteed subsidy of the kWh-price, thus mitigating investment risks and enhancing the contribution of sustainable electricity. By ongoing PV development, the contribution of solar power increases exponentially. Within this significant potential, it is important for investors, operators, and scientists alike to provide answers to different questions related to subsidies, PV efficiencies and costs. The present paper therefore (i) briefly reviews the mechanisms, advantages, and evolution of FiT; (ii) describes the developments of PV, (iii) applies a comprehensive literature-based model for the solar irradiation to predict the PV solar energy potential in some target European countries, whilst comparing output predictions with the monthly measured electricity generation of a 57?m photovoltaic system (Belgium); and finally (iv) predicts the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in terms of investment and efficiency, providing LCOE values between 0.149 and 0.313?/kWh, as function of the overall process efficiency and cost. The findings clearly demonstrate the potential of PV energy in Europe, where FiT can be considerably reduced or even be eliminated in the near future. PMID:24959614

Zhang, H. L.; Van Gerven, T.; Baeyens, J.; Degrve, J.

2014-01-01

248

Expanding Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is no question that the United States lags behind most industrialized nations in consumer access to broadband Internet service. For many policy makers and activists, this shortfall marks the latest phase in the struggle to overcome the digital divide. To remedy this lack of broadband affordability and availability, one start-up firm--with

Roach, Ronald

2007-01-01

249

Achieving best practice tariff may not reflect improved survival after hip fracture treatment  

PubMed Central

Objective The best practice tariff (BPT) incentivizes hospitals in the England and Wales National Health Service to provide multiprofessional care to patients with hip fractures. The initial six targets included: 1) admission under consultant-led joint orthopedicgeriatric care, 2) multidisciplinary assessment protocol on admission, 3) surgery within 36 hours, 4) geriatrician review within 72 hours, 5) multiprofessional rehabilitation, and 6) assessment for falls and bone protection. We aimed to examine the relationship between BPT achievement and important patient outcomes and whether the BPT could predict these independently of other validated predictors. Materials and methods A retrospective review was conducted on 516 patient episodes. Four outcomes were defined: 1) 30-day mortality, 2) 365-day mortality, 3) postoperative length of stay on trauma ward (LOS-T), and 4) total post-operative hospital LOS (LOS-H). Patient episodes were grouped as follows: 1) group 1, pre-BPT, 2) group 2, BPT achievers, 3) group 3, BPT fails. These were compared for mortality (?2 test) and for LOS (KruskalWallis test). Event analysis was done for groups 2 and 3 using generalized linear modeling, with age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists grade, hemoglobin, albumin, creatinine, and BPT achievement evaluated as predictors. Results The three groups did not differ significantly in baseline characteristics or outcomes. In the event analysis, the risk of 30-day mortality was related only to abnormal creatinine (P=0.025); mortality at 365 days was related significantly to low albumin (P=0.023) and weakly to abnormal creatinine (P=0.089). The risks of both increased LOS-T and LOS-H were related to age only (P=0.052, P<0.001, respectively). Conclusion Achieving BPT does not predict any outcome of interest on its own. PMID:25489240

Khan, Sameer K; Shirley, Mark DF; Glennie, Clare; Fearon, Paul V; Deehan, David J

2014-01-01

250

Do U.S. tariff reductions explain rising wage inequality?: The case of U.S. tariffs on imports from countries having free trade agreements with the U.S.  

E-print Network

, Leamer (1993) and Borjas and Ramey (1994) used U.S. import volume, Feenstra and Hanson (1997) used foreign direct investment, Borjas, Freeman and Katz (1997) used immigration data, Gaston and Trefler (1992) and Brown et al (1993) used U.S. tariff rates... international competition (measured by U.S. import volume) explained much of increase in wage inequality. Feenstra and Hanson (1997) examined the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) on relative demand of skilled labor in Mexico and found that FDI...

Kitaoka, Hisaya

2008-07-28

251

46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error...blank]. Amount of Freight Charges to be refunded or waived...responsible for payment of freight charges). 1. Shipment(s...shipments. (c) Weight or measurement, container size, and...

2010-10-01

252

United States Access Board  

MedlinePLUS

... disabilities through leadership in accessible design and the development of accessibility guidelines and standards for the built environment, transportation, communication, medical diagnostic equipment, and information technology. ...

253

Access into Campus & Parking  

E-print Network

Informational Map May 2012 Livingston Housing Construction Site Road 3 Road Closed SSW Route18 Exit LSC AccessLSC Lot 105 Phase A Access into Campus & Parking Scarlet Lot RAC Livingston Campus Construction into Parking & Day Care From Road 3 Access to Parking Only No Thru Access to Campus Foot path is available

254

A Customs Union with Multinational Firms: The Automobile Market in Argentina and Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks empirically into the behavior of multinational firms in international oligopolistic markets with trade balance constraints. I show how a particular form of non-tariff barrier applied at the firm level can lead to an increase in trade flows in the presence of intra-firm strategic trade. In my application, I estimate a model of demand, supply and trade policy

Irene Brambilla

2005-01-01

255

Global status of commercialization of and developments on international trade in irradiated food  

Microsoft Academic Search

National and international organizations have paid particular attention to the use of food irradiation as a method to reduce postharvest food losses, to ensure hygienic quality of foods-especially those of animal origin, and to overcome certain non-tariff barriers to trade for the following reasons: (1) The increasingly strict standards for quality and quarantine in food trade. (2) The increasingly restrictions

Paisan Loaharanu

1996-01-01

256

Protectionist Measures in Postsecondary Ontario (Canada) TESL  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TESL in Ontario, Canada, seems to be on an inauspicious path by having set up non-tariff protectionist measures in an apparent attempt to keep out a multinational TESL workforce, effectively going against the spirit of globalization. This paper highlights some of the differences between South Korean TEFL and TESL in Ontario; for the most part

Jambor, Paul Z.

2012-01-01

257

World Wide Access: Accessible Web Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief paper considers the application of "universal design" principles to Web page design in order to increase accessibility for people with disabilities. Suggestions are based on the World Wide Web Consortium's accessibility initiative, which has proposed guidelines for all Web authors and federal government standards. Seven guidelines for

Washington Univ., Seattle.

258

AccessWatch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AccessWatch, provided by David Maher, is a shareware utility that provides a regularly updated summary of WWW server hits and accesses, and gives a graphical representation of available statistics. It generates statistics for hourly server load, page demand, accesses by domain, and accesses by host. AccessWatch can run on Unix or Windows NT servers. The AccessWatch page provides sample output, a FAQ, installation instructions, and the Perl script that makes the product work. It is free for government, non-commercial home, and academic use. See the license agreement for more information.

259

BUILDING MANAGEMENT & RESTRICTED ACCESS  

E-print Network

BUILDING MANAGEMENT & RESTRICTED ACCESS Plan Annex 2014 VIII #12;#12;#12;The University of Texas at Austiniv #12;Building Management & Restricted Access Plan Annex v CONTENTS RECORD OF CHANGES.................................................................................................................................13 I. CLASSROOM EVACUATION

Johnston, Daniel

260

SSE Web Access Data  

Description: Obtain Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) data Available for locations, global/regional ... 1983 through June 2005 Details: SSE Web Access Data Screenshot: ... SSE Category: FTP and Web Access for Select Products Screenshot 2: ...

2014-10-01

261

Accessibility (Section 508)  

Cancer.gov

All NCI websites must be accessible to users, as described in Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. Section 508 requires federal agencies to make their electronic and information technologies, including websites, conform to certain accessibility standards. The following are the standards that NCI Web developers must follow to comply with Section 508 requirements. These standards are based on the Access Board's Web Accessibility Standards, which should also be read by NCI Web developers.

262

Cancer Data Access System  

Cancer.gov

The Cancer Data Access System (CDAS) is a web portal that facilitates access to PLCO data. Investigators can register with CDAS and request access to data collected through December 31, 2009 for the first 13 years of participation for each subject in the PLCO trial. Newly diagnosed cancers and deaths continue to be collected and will be available in the future.

263

Asset Management View Access  

E-print Network

entries 7 #12;Asset Management Inventory Report 8 #12;Asset Management-Hot Tip! · Do you purchase assetsAsset Management View Access #12;Asset Management View Access · Review asset information (2 financials entries 2 #12;Asset Management View Access · Review asset information 3 #12;Asset Management View

Shull, Kenneth R.

264

Open Access and beyond.  

PubMed

Uncensored exchange of scientific results hastens progress. Open Access does not stop at the removal of price and permission barriers; still, censorship and reading disabilities, to name a few, hamper access to information. Here, we invite the scientific community and the public to discuss new methods to distribute, store and manage literature in order to achieve unfettered access to literature. PMID:16956402

Mathur, Shawn; Schmidt, Christian; Das, Chhaya; Tucker, Philip W

2006-01-01

265

Social capital and access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical access to computers does not guarantee access to the information society. To help ensure that the first type of access translates into the second, it is necessary to pay attention to how computer and Internet use can enhance social capital. Drawing on examples from technology projects in India and other countries, this paper examines the concept of social capital

Mark Warschauer

2003-01-01

266

Reflective Database Access Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Reflective Database Access Control" (RDBAC) is a model in which a database privilege is expressed as a database query itself, rather than as a static privilege contained in an access control list. RDBAC aids the management of database access controls by improving the expressiveness of policies. However, such policies introduce new interactions

Olson, Lars E.

2009-01-01

267

Demystifying Open Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready

Mele; Salvatore

2007-01-01

268

Demystifying Open Access  

SciTech Connect

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while retaining all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. The current system in which journals income comes from subscription fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for the costs incurred to organise the peer-review service and give Open Access to the final version of articles. SCOAP3 will be funded by all countries active in HEP under a "fair share" scenario, according to their production of HEP articles. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

Salvatore Mele

2007-05-14

269

Demystifying Open Access  

SciTech Connect

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while retaining all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. The current system in which journals income comes from subscription fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for the costs incurred to organise the peer-review service and give Open Access to the final version of articles. SCOAP3 will be funded by all countries active in HEP under a 'fair share' scenario, according to their production of HEP articles. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

Mele, Salvatore

2007-05-14

270

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) Project: An Analysis of Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs in the United States (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This report analyzes renewable energy feed-in tariff (FIT) policies and explores the different FIT policies currently implemented in the United States. It also discusses of a few proposed policies, the best practices in FIT policy design, and examines how FITs can be used to target state policy goals. The report covers current and potential future interactions between FITs and other state and federal energy policies while also providing an overview of the impacts FIT policies have in terms of renewable energy deployment, job creation, and economic development.

Couture, T.; Cory, K.

2009-06-01

271

AccessAbility @ Cleveland Public Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes several programs that were developed by staff at the Cleveland (Ohio) Public Library to be accessible to users with disabilities. Highlights include a Braille reading program; sensory garden; poetry club; book club based on talking books; wheelchair athletics; touching museum artifacts; and a mobile library for users who could not visit

Mates, Barbara T.

2003-01-01

272

ATBC Study - Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

We are committed to making atbcstudy.cancer.gov accessible to all users, regardless of special need. The site is designed to be compatible with screen readers and other assistive devices. However, this is an ongoing process and it is possible that some users may encounter problems accessing some pages.

273

Planning for Accessibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical manual provides useful, concrete ideas and suggestions to help public libraries make libraries more accessible to persons with disabilities. Most suggestions are for persons who have difficulty with mobility. Reviews of pertinent laws and regulations are followed by concrete, step-by step suggestions for planning for accessibility,

Cassell, Marianne Kotch

274

Procurement Card Access Online  

E-print Network

Procurement Card U.S. Bank Access Online Cardholder Transaction Management #12;Procurement Card-users to procure low dollar purchases o authorized commodities and services. · U.S. Bank is the new Visa P-Card provider. · Access Online is the new software used to manage P-Card transactions. · Financial & Tax

Sorin, Eric J.

275

Central Venous Catheter Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central venous access for the purpose of supplying parenteral nutrition to the pediatric age group requires a careful definition of the patients caloric need, estimated duration of therapy, and an assessment of available sites. Peripheral vein parenteral nutrition is limited by caloric density of the nutrient fluids, while peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) offers a new technology for accessing central

Dai H Chung; Moritz M Ziegler

1998-01-01

276

Asset Management View Access  

E-print Network

Asset Management View Access NUFinancials Asset Management FMS751 Asset Management view access 10-07-12,vlr © 2012 Northwestern University 1 This job aid lists the asset management pages for asset Inventory Report http://cafe.northwestern.edu/documents/reporttemplates/AM002-AssetInventory

Shull, Kenneth R.

277

NCI: SBIR & STTR - Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let us know.

278

ICSN Web Site Accessibility  

Cancer.gov

This Web site has been designed to be accessible to all users, compliant with the Section 508 standards, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. However, this is an ongoing process and it is possible that some users may encounter problems accessing some pages.

279

Access eLearning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tutorial is comprised of 10 modules that offer information, instructional techniques, and practice labs on how to make the most common needs in distance education accessible for individuals with disabilities, and enhance the usability of online materials for all students. The modules center around topics such as making video, flash, word , PDF and many other documents accessible for students with disabilities.

2008-11-07

280

Demystifying Open Access  

SciTech Connect

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access which retains all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, brings the spiraling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

Mele, Salvatore (CERN) [CERN

2007-05-30

281

Improving School Access Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few things are more important for school safety and security than controlling access to buildings and grounds. It is relatively easy to incorporate effective access control measures in new school designs but more difficult in existing schools, where most building and site features cannot be readily altered or reconfigured. The National

National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, 2008

2008-01-01

282

Live Access Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Live Access Server (LAS) is a highly configurable Web server designed to provide flexible access to geo-referenced scientific data. LAS enables users to view data with on-the-fly graphics, request custom subsets of variables in a variety of file formats, and compare variables from distributed locations. LAS enables the data provider to unify access to multiple types of data in a single interface, create thematic data servers from distributed data sources (through the use of DODS/OPenDAP), offer derived products on the fly, and offer unique products (e.g. visualization styles specialized for the data).

Hankin, Steve

2002-09-09

283

Accession No. ______________ Data Entry__________________  

E-print Network

Feces Feed/Forage Fetus (Whole) Fluid (Type) Head Only Milk Tissue, Fixed Tissue, Fresh Other Accession Rotavirus ELISA (Feces) Swine Influenza FA PCR VI Transmissible Gastroenteritis FA PCR Submission forms

Omiecinski, Curtis

284

Vascular Access for Hemodialysis  

MedlinePLUS

... 7384929 Email: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov Internet: www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov NIH...Turning Discovery Into Health Privacy Statement | Disclaimers | Accessibility | PDF versions require the free ...

285

Mobile multiple access study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multiple access techniques (FDMA, CDMA, TDMA) for the mobile user and attempts to identify the current best technique are discussed. Traffic loading is considered as well as voice and data modulation and spacecraft and system design. Emphasis is placed on developing mobile terminal cost estimates for the selected design. In addition, design examples are presented for the alternative techniques of multiple access in order to compare with the selected technique.

1977-01-01

286

Random access of nanodevices  

SciTech Connect

Systems containing ultrahigh densities of patterned nanometer scale devices are anticipated to be extremely difficult, if not impossible, to fabricate and access in an error-free fashion using existing technologies. In this work, we show that extremely high densities of on-tube and intertube nonlinear electronic devices are realizable in samples of randomly grown carbon nanotubes. Further we propose and demonstrate a strategy for accessing and exploiting the random collection of nanodevices in such systems.

Cohen, M.L.; Louie, S.G.; Zettl, A.

1999-10-15

287

Asynchronous Negotiated-access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scheduling access to people and selectively sharing the state of one's activities are essential elements of collaborating with others. These processes are fundamental to arranging face-to-face meetings and coordinating access to shared information. Examples include scheduling meetings, contacting others in real time (by phone or instant messaging), and checking on the changing status of a jointly-authored document. In this paper,

James Hollan; Scott Stornetta

288

Vascular Access in Children  

SciTech Connect

Establishment of stable vascular access is one of the essential and most challenging procedures in a pediatric hospital. Many clinical specialties provide vascular service in a pediatric hospital. At the top of the 'expert procedural pyramid' is the pediatric interventional radiologist, who is best suited and trained to deliver this service. Growing awareness regarding the safety and high success rate of vascular access using image guidance has led to increased demand from clinicians to provide around-the-clock vascular access service by pediatric interventional radiologists. Hence, the success of a vascular access program, with the pediatric interventional radiologist as the key provider, is challenging, and a coordinated multidisciplinary team effort is essential for success. However, there are few dedicated pediatric interventional radiologists across the globe, and also only a couple of training programs exist for pediatric interventions. This article gives an overview of the technical aspects of pediatric vascular access and provides useful tips for obtaining vascular access in children safely and successfully using image guidance.

Krishnamurthy, Ganesh, E-mail: krishnamurthy@email.chop.edu; Keller, Marc S. [Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology (United States)

2011-02-15

289

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

290

President's Equal Access Scholarship Dear President's Equal Access Scholarship Applicant  

E-print Network

President's Equal Access Scholarship 2015-2016 Dear President's Equal Access Scholarship Applicant: Thank you for your interest in the Portland State University President's Equal Access Scholarship. We are pleased to provide you with the 2015-2016 Application Packet. The purpose of the President's Equal Access

Caughman, John

291

The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)  

SciTech Connect

The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2004-10-15

292

Quantitative Effectiveness Analysis of Solar Photovoltaic Policies, Introduction of Socio-Feed-in Tariff Mechanism (SocioFIT) and its Implementation in Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some of the main energy issues in developing countries are high dependence on non-renewable energy sources, low energy efficiency levels and as a result of this high amount of CO2 emissions. Besides, a common problem of many countries including developing countries is economic inequality problem. In the study, solar photovoltaic policies of Germany, Japan and the USA is analyzed through a quantitative analysis and a new renewable energy support mechanism called Socio Feed-in Tariff Mechanism (SocioFIT) is formed based on the analysis results to address the mentioned issues of developing countries as well as economic inequality problem by using energy savings as a funding source for renewable energy systems. The applicability of the mechanism is solidified by the calculations in case of an implementation of the mechanism in Turkey.

Mustafaoglu, Mustafa Sinan

293

Access control system operation  

SciTech Connect

An automated method for the control and monitoring of personnel movement throughout the site was developed under contract to the Department of Energy by Allied-General Nuclear Services (AGNS) at the Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant (BNFP). These automated features provide strict enforcement of personnel access policy without routine patrol officer involvement. Identification methods include identification by employee ID number, identification by voice verification and identification by physical security officer verification. The ability to grant each level of access authority is distributed over the organization to prevent any single individual at any level in the organization from being capable of issuing an authorization for entry into sensitive areas. Each access event is recorded. As access events occur, the inventory of both the entered and the exited control area is updated so that a current inventory is always available for display. The system has been operated since 1979 in a development mode and many revisions have been implemented in hardware and software as areas were added to the system. Recent changes have involved the installation of backup systems and other features required to achieve a high reliability. The access control system and recent operating experience are described.

Barnes, L.D.

1981-06-01

294

Vascular access blood flow monitoring reduces access morbidity and costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular access blood flow monitoring reduces access morbidity and costs.BackgroundVascular access morbidity results in suboptimal patient outcomes and costs more than $8000 per patient-year at risk, representing approximately 15% of total Medicare expenditures for ESRD patients annually. In recent years, the rate of access thrombosis has improved following the advent of vascular access blood flow monitoring (VABFM) programs to identify

Patricia Mccarley; Rebecca L. Wingard; Yu Shyr; William Pettus; Raymond M. Hakim; T. Alp Ikizler

2001-01-01

295

Access America for Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access America for Students, also referred to as students.gov, is a clearinghouse of government information pertinent to students in high school or higher education. This directory is organized by categories, including plan your education, pay for your education, taxes, and career development. Each category links to related government agencies, programs, and informative resources. Fast Links, located on the left side of the screen, provides one-click access to the appropriate places to register to vote, reserve a campsite, get a passport, or change your address, among other important services and information. Students.gov is sponsored by the Department of Education and is part of the Access America program which offers special interest portals for other types of government information.

296

ISDC Data Access Layer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ISDC Data Access Layer (DAL) is an ANSI C and \\fortran 90 compatible library under development in support of the ESA INTEGRAL mission data analysis software. DALs primary purpose is to isolate the analysis software from the specifics of the data formats while at the same time providing new data abstraction and access capabilities. DAL supports the creation and manipulation of hierarchical data sets which may span multiple files and, in theory, multiple computer systems. A number of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) are supported by DAL that allow software to view and access data at different levels of complexity. DAL also allows data sets to reside on disk, in conventional memory or in shared memory in a way that is transparent to the user/application.

Jennings, D.; Borkowski, J.; Contessi, T.; Lock, T.; Rohlfs, R.; Walter, R.

297

Supervisor Accessibility and Job Characteristics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship between dyadic and normative accessibility of work supervisors and task characteristics of autonomy, variety, and identity (whether the task is part of a process or results in a finished product). Dyadic accessibility refers to workers' estimates of their supervisors' accessibility. Normative accessibility is the

Dallinger, Judith M.; Hample, Dale

298

Digital Scholarship and Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access publications provide scholars with unrestricted access to the "conversation" that is the basis for the advancement of knowledge. The large number of open access journals, archives, and depositories already in existence demonstrates the technical and economic viability of providing unrestricted access to the literature that is the

Losoff, Barbara; Pence, Harry E.

2010-01-01

299

Quantum random access memory  

E-print Network

A random access memory (RAM) uses n bits to randomly address N=2^n distinct memory cells. A quantum random access memory (qRAM) uses n qubits to address any quantum superposition of N memory cells. We present an architecture that exponentially reduces the requirements for a memory call: O(log N) switches need be thrown instead of the N used in conventional (classical or quantum) RAM designs. This yields a more robust qRAM algorithm, as it in general requires entanglement among exponentially less gates, and leads to an exponential decrease in the power needed for addressing. A quantum optical implementation is presented.

Vittorio Giovannetti; Seth Lloyd; Lorenzo Maccone

2008-03-26

300

Access to space studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is currently considering possible directions in Earth-to-orbit vehicle development under a study called 'Access to Space.' This agency-wide study is considering commercial launch vehicles, human transportation, space station logistics, and other space transportation requirements over the next 40 years. Three options are being considered for human transportation: continued use of the Space Shuttle; development of a small personnel carrier (personnel logistics system (PLS)); or development of an advanced vehicle such as a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO). Several studies related to the overall Access to Space study are reported in this document.

Martin, James A.

1993-11-01

301

Accessing the spoken word  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spoken word audio collections cover many do- mains, including radio and television broadcasts, oral narra- tives, governmental proceedings, lectures, and telephone con- versations. The collection, access and preservation of such data is stimulated by political, economic, cultural and educa- tional needs. This paper outlines the major issues in the field, reviews the current state of technology, examines the rapidly changing

Jerry Goldman; Steve Renals; Steven Bird; Franciska De Jong; Marcello Federico; Carl Fleischhauer; Mark Kornbluh; Lori Lamel; Douglas W. Oard; Claire Stewart; Richard Wright

2005-01-01

302

Accessibility - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is committed to providing access to all individualsdisabled or notwho are seeking information on the Team Science Toolkit. To provide this information, the Team Science Toolkit has been designed to comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (as amended).

303

Partners: Promoting Accessible Recreation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Promoting Accessible Recreation through Networking, Education, Resources and Services (PARTNERS) Project, a partnership between Northeast Passage, the University of New Hampshire, and Granite State Independent Living Foundation, helps create barrier-free recreation for individuals with physical disabilities. The paper describes PARTNERS and

Sable, Janet; Gravink, Jill

1995-01-01

304

Media Access Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Media Access Group (MAG), part of the prestigious WGBH Broadcasting, focuses on making a variety of media accessible to people with disabilities and providing information about that process. Users will find information about the services and products offered - which include captioning services (both real-time and offline), descriptive video service (descriptions of visual portions of film and media for those who are blind or have vision impairments) and MoPix (a project which is working to bring both captioning and descriptive video to the big screen). In addition to explanations of their services the MAG site also offers a section on research and development which links users to NCAM (the National Center for Accessible Media) which is the research and development component of MAG. The resources section includes the MAG Guides which highlight various issues related to captioning and descriptive video, including the FCC's rules related to both topics. Also available under the resources tab are descriptive video guides, information on accessible DVDs and links to other related resources.

305

Access with flexible cannulae.  

PubMed

Flexible access cannulae maintain a readily accessible tract for the efficient introduction and withdrawal of both straight and curved endoscopic instruments from skin to the parietes. Their main advantage is their capacity to deform, allowing the passage of curved instruments. Several designs of flexible access cannulae are currently available. The most practical design makes use of tightly coiled springs as tubes with or without silicone coating. A modification of this design uses wire woven into a tubular form and coated with silicone. Gas seal valves for these cannulae are currently primitive. The capacity of flexible access cannulae for deformation along the longitudinal and transverse axes could potentially be exploited for retrieval of small organs. Clinically, flexible cannulae have been used whenever curved instruments were needed. Coaxial curved and bayonet instruments have been used extensively in both thoracoscopic and laparoscopic operations. These instruments will allow an additional degree of freedom, that of the pre-formed curve of the instrument. In clinical terms this will facilitate the dissection, retraction and encirclement of tubular structures. In addition, the creation of intra-corporeal surgical knots is more efficient using curved needle holders. PMID:7757440

Shimi, S M

1995-02-01

306

Bibliographic Access in Pennsylvania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Pennsylvania 375 public, academic, and special libraries were surveyed in an effort to gather information concerning their interlibrary loan activity during April, 1978; personal discussions with librarians across the state were also conducted. Both sources were used in the development of recommendations for improving bibliographic access. The

Strasser, Alexander

307

Serving up Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When low-income students returned to Chicago public schools this fall, many had better access to technology, thanks to a public-private partnership. Chicago families with children enrolled in the National School Lunch Program are eligible for subsidized computers and Internet connections through an agreement between the city and telecom giant

Rich, Sarah

2011-01-01

308

Student Access Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of Wyoming citizen access to community college education explored several factors related to college enrollments over the period 1990-1997. The study further examined projected student enrollment for 1998-2006. This study reports on the findings for: (1) Wyoming population trends and community college enrollments and projected

Wyoming Community Coll. Commission, Cheyenne.

309

Access Guide Cornell University  

E-print Network

1 Access Guide 2014 Cornell University 420 CCC Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 254-4545 http://sds.cornell.edu and Communication Ctr Ithaca, NY 14853 Telephone: 607-254-4545 Fax: 607-255-1562 Email: sds_cu@cornell.edu Web: http://sds.cornell.edu and Federal Resources for Persons with Disabilities . 30 #12;4 Mission Cornell University is committed

Wang, Z. Jane

310

Bluetooth voice access networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis we first consider the potential for SCO (Synchronous Connection Oriented) link sharing in Bluetooth-based telephony base stations. A design referred to as the Bluetooth Distributed Voice Access Protocol (DVAP) is introduced. In DVAP, Bluetooth mobiles (BM's) collect connectivity information which is provided to the base station infrastructure. Mobile node migration is then used to reduce blocking when

Yun Wu

2006-01-01

311

Improved Access to Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes efforts by principal of the Willow Elementary School in the Charter Oak Unified School District (California) to provide students with technology-enhanced access to information and learning resources to improve reading and mathematics skills. Includes list of the Web addresses for the skills software used at the school. (PKP)

Miller, Sandra; Simkins, Michael

2002-01-01

312

The Accessibility Quotient: A New Measure of Open Access  

E-print Network

INTRODUCTION The Accessibility Quotient (AQ), a new measure for assisting authors and librarians in assessing and characterizing the degree of accessibility for a group of papers, is proposed and described. The AQ offers ...

Willmott, Mathew A.

2012-05-15

313

10 CFR 25.15 - Access permitted under Q or L access authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATORY COMMISSION ACCESS AUTHORIZATION Access Authorizations 25.15 Access permitted under Q or L access authorization. (a) A Q access authorization permits an individual access on a need-to-know basis to...

2010-01-01

314

Advanced access control system  

SciTech Connect

A prototype voice verification system has been installed which provides the required positive identification at the main site access control point. This system compares an individual's file voice print with a sample voice print obtained from the individual when an attempt is made to enter the site. The voice system transmits the individual's identity to a central processor. The central processor associates that individual's authorization file with a card-key obtained at the access point. The system generates a record of personnel movement, provides a personnel inventory on a real-time basis, and it can retrieve a record of all prior events. The system installed at the Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant is described.

Barnes, L.D.; King, R.W.

1980-02-01

315

Bentham Open Access  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you fascinated by fascia? Might you find silica scintillating? Look no further gentle reader as Bentham Open Access can provide information about these topics. Bentham Publishers recently launched over 200 peer-reviewed open access journals, and visitors should feel free to browse around at their leisure. Visitors can browse titles by discipline, and everything from agriculture to virology exists within these electronic pages. Of course, for those who already know the title of the journal they are looking for, there is an "A-Z" section as well. In each journal, visitors can browse through the articles, learn about the editorial board, and also take in their manuscript submission requirements. Overall, it is an ambitious journal and one that may spur other electronic publishers to action.

316

Bentham Open Access  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you fascinated by fascia? Might you find silica scintillating? Look no further gentle reader as Bentham Open Access can provide information about these topics. Bentham Publishers recently launched over 200 peer-reviewed open access journals, and visitors should feel free to browse around at their leisure. Visitors can browse titles by discipline, and everything from agriculture to virology exists within these electronic pages. Of course, for those who already know the title of the journal they are looking for, there is an "A-Z" section as well. In each journal, visitors can browse through the articles, learn about the editorial board, and also take in their manuscript submission requirements. Overall, it is an ambitious journal and one that may spur other electronic publishers to action.

2008-11-20

317

Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami  

E-print Network

Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami Department System (IIAS) that accepts diverse kinds of questions and provides the requested information in the most suit- able format for the information need. We designed a set of 18 Information Access Types

318

DHTML accessibility: solving the JavaScript accessibility problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project demonstrates fully keyboard accessible components on a web page working with a screen reader. By adding the appropriate semantic data to web components and having user agents translate this to the platform accessibility application programming interfaces, the user interface of a web site can be made fully accessible to keyboard only and vision impaired users. In addition, the

Becky Gibson; Richard S. Schwerdtfeger

2005-01-01

319

Room access monitoring system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a room access monitoring system, which integrates computer and microcontroller MOTOROLA MC68HC11A8. Assembly language is used to program the microcontroller and Visual Basic 6 (VB) is used to develop the monitoring system. The monitoring system is divided into server side program (Eyewatch) and client side program. The server side program informs the user about the door status

R. K. Z. Sahbudin; Lee Choong Hooi; Tan Chin Guan; Ling Siong Liet

2003-01-01

320

Accessibility-based transit planning  

E-print Network

A method for evaluating transit planning proposals using accessibility metrics is advanced in this research. A transit-accessibility model is developed intended for use by in-house transit agency planning staff as a ...

Busby, Jeffrey R

2004-01-01

321

Mathematical Preliminaries Medium Access Protocols  

E-print Network

Mathematical Preliminaries Medium Access Protocols Ethernet Collision-Free Protocols Wireless University, MS February 26, 2013 Ramkumar MAC #12;Mathematical Preliminaries Medium Access Protocols Ethernet Collision-Free Protocols Wireless Ethernet (WLAN) Local Area Network Outline 1 Mathematical Preliminaries

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

322

Teen Motherhood and Abortion Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigate the effect of abortion access on teen birthrates using county-level panel data. Past research suggested that prohibiting abortion led to higher teen birthrates. Perhaps surprisingly, the authors find that more recent restrictions in abortion access, including the closing of abortion clinics and restrictions on Medicaid funding, had the opposite effect. Small declines in access were related to

Thomas J Kane; Douglas Staiger

1996-01-01

323

JAVASCRIPT & AJAX ACCESSIBILITY Becky Gibson  

E-print Network

JAVASCRIPT & AJAX ACCESSIBILITY Becky Gibson Web Accessibility Architect IBM Emerging Technologies 5 Technology Park Drive Westford, MA 01886 Email: gibsonb@us.ibm.com Introduction Asynchronous JavaScript for developing rich internet applications. Accessibility concerns have arisen with the increased use of JavaScript

324

Chemists, Access, Statistics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New JCE Internet Feature at JCE Online Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists is a new JCE Internet feature on JCE Online. Edited by Barbara Burke, this feature provides biographical information on leading chemists, especially women and minority chemists, fostering the attitude that the practitioners of chemistry are as human as those who endeavor to learn about it. Currently, the column features biographical "snapshots" of 30 chemists. Each snapshot includes keywords and bibliography and several contain links to additional online information about the chemist. More biographical snapshots will appear in future installments. In addition, a database listing over 140 women and minority chemists is being compiled and will be made available online with the snapshots in the near future. The database includes the years of birth and death, gender and ethnicity, major and minor discipline, keywords to facilitate searching, and references to additional biographical information. We welcome your input into what we think is a very worthwhile resource. If you would like to provide additional biographical snapshots, see additional chemists added to the database, or know of additional references for those that are already in the database, please contact JCE Online or the feature editor. Your feedback is welcome and appreciated. You can find Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists starting from the JCE Online home page-- click the Features item under JCE Internet and then the Chemist Bios item. Access JCE Online without Name and Password We have recently been swamped by libraries requesting IP-number access to JCE Online. With the great benefit IP-number authentication gives to librarians (no user names and passwords to administer) and to their patrons (no need to remember and enter valid names and passwords) this is not surprising. If you would like access to JCE Online without the need to remember and enter a user name and password, you should tell your librarian about our IP-number access. Current subscriptions can be upgraded to IP-number access at little additional cost. We are pleased to be able to offer to institutions and libraries this convenient mode of access to subscriber only resources at JCE Online. JCE Online Usage Statistics We are continually amazed by the activity at JCE Online. So far, the year 2000 has shown a marked increase. Given the phenomenal overall growth of the Internet, perhaps our surprise is not warranted. However, during the months of January and February 2000, over 38,000 visitors requested over 275,000 pages. This is a monthly increase of over 33% from the October-December 1999 levels. It is good to know that people are visiting, but we would very much like to know what you would most like to see at JCE Online. Please send your suggestions to JCEOnline@chem.wisc.edu. For those who are interested, JCE Online year-to-date statistics are available. Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists: Mission Statement Feature Editor: Barbara Burke Chemistry Department, California State Polytechnic University-Pomona, Pomona, CA 91768 phone: 909/869-3664 fax: 909/869-4616 email: baburke@csupomona.edu The primary goal of this JCE Internet column is to provide information about chemists who have made important contributions to chemistry. For each chemist, there is a short biographical "snapshot" that provides basic information about the person's chemical work, gender, ethnicity, and cultural background. Each snapshot includes links to related websites and to a biobibliographic database. The database provides references for the individual and can be searched through key words listed at the end of each snapshot. All students, not just science majors, need to understand science as it really is: an exciting, challenging, human, and creative way of learning about our natural world. Investigating the life experiences of chemists can provide a means for students to gain a more realistic view of chemistry. In addition students, especially women and minorities, need more scientist role models. When teache

Holmes, Jon L.

2000-06-01

325

Assessment of Distributed Energy Adoption in Commercial Buildings:Part 1: An Analysis of Policy, Building Loads, Tariff Design, andTechnology Development  

SciTech Connect

Rapidly growing electricity demand brings into question theability of traditional grids to expand correspondingly while providingreliable service. An alternative path is the wider application ofdistributed energy resource (DER) that apply combined heat and power(CHP). It can potentially shave peak loads and satiate its growing thirstfor electricity demand, improve overall energy efficiency, and lowercarbon and other pollutant emissions. This research investigates a methodof choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at theBerkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the DistributedEnergy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds theoptimal combination of installed equipment from available DERtechnologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical andthermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a globaloptimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads canbe served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-sitegeneration, heat recovery, and cooling. Utility electricity and gastariffs are key factors determining the economic benefit of a CHPinstallation, however often be neglected. This paper describespreliminary analysis on CHP investment climate in the U.S. and Japan. DERtechnologies, energy prices, and incentive measures has beeninvestigated.

Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun; Marnay, Chris

2005-12-31

326

Access Invaders: Developing a Universally Accessible Action Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper depicts the notion of Universally Accessible Games and presents the development of a related action game entitled\\u000a Access Invaders. The design of the games user interface which accommodates concurrently the needs of people with diverse\\u000a abilities is described, along with the approach followed to adapt the game logic and content to achieve accessibility. In\\u000a this context, the concept

Dimitris Grammenos; Anthony Savidis; Yannis Georgalis; Constantine Stephanidis

2006-01-01

327

Access to innovation: is there a difference in the use of expensive anticancer drugs between French hospitals?  

PubMed

In DRG-based hospital payment systems, expensive drugs are often funded separately. In France, specific expensive drugs (including a large proportion of anticancer drugs) are fully reimbursed up to national reimbursement tariffs to ensure equity of access. Our objective was to analyse the use of expensive anticancer drugs in public and private hospitals, and between regions. We had access to sales per anticancer drug and per hospital in the year 2008. We used a multilevel model to study the variation in the mean expenditure of expensive anticancer drugs per course of chemotherapy and per hospital. The mean expenditure per course of chemotherapy was 922 [95% CI: 890-954]. At the hospital level, specialisation in chemotherapies for breast cancers was associated with a higher expenditure of anticancer drugs per course for those hospitals with the highest proportion of cancers at this site. There were no differences in the use of expensive drugs between the private and the public hospital sector after controlling for case mix. There were no differences between the mean expenditures per region. The absence of disparities in the use of expensive anticancer drugs between hospitals and regions may indicate that exempting chemotherapies from DRG-based payments and providing additional reimbursement for these drugs has been successful at ensuring equal access to care. PMID:24314625

Bonastre, Julia; Chevalier, Julie; Van der Laan, Chantal; Delibes, Michel; De Pouvourville, Gerard

2014-06-01

328

Access Excellence Classic Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Another good resource from AccessExcellence.org is the Activities Exchange Classic Collection Web site. The page presents links that focus on a single person or event by putting it into historical context and relating it to current science. Each contains a set of references, classroom activities, graphics, background information, and more. Some of the titles of the activities include The Discovery Of Radioactivity: The Dawn of the Nuclear Age; Radioactivity: Historical Figures; How We See: The First Steps of Human Vision; Discovery, Chance, and the Scientific Method; DNA Structure; and Development of Polio Vaccines. The pages and activities are well designed and offer educators some interesting and unique lessons for their students.

329

[The difficult venous access].  

PubMed

Venipunctures in children are difficult. Some factors can hardly be influenced, for example, a well-developed subcutaneous fat tissue. Technical devices may help to identify invisible veins. With the help of ultrasound deep peripheral veins on the wrists and ankles can be presented and punctured. Stiff resistance of a child thwarts any successful puncture. Children should therefore be adequately sedated, if cannot be induced by mask. Missing practice venipuncture and inadequate knowledge of appropriate puncture sites can be met easily by practicing and reading.The possibility of intraosseous puncture today is standard of anesthesia care for children. Within in a few seconds, a secure access to the vein system can be created. PMID:23633258

Strau, Jochen M; Denk, Andrea

2013-04-01

330

Vascular access today  

PubMed Central

The number of patients with chronic kidney disease requiring renal replacement therapy has increased worldwide. The most common replacement therapy is hemodialysis (HD). Vascular access (VA) has a key role for successful treatment. Despite the advances that have taken place in the field of the HD procedure, few things have changed with regards to VA in recent years. Arteriovenous fistula (AVF), polytetrafluoroethylene graft and the cuffed double lumen silicone catheter are the most common used for VA. In the long term, a number of complications may present and more than one VA is needed during the HD life. The most common complications for all of VA types are thrombosis, bleeding and infection, the most common cause of morbidity in these patients. It has been estimated that VA dysfunction is responsible for 20% of all hospitalizations. The annual cost of placing and looking after dialysis VA in the United States exceeds 1 billion dollars per year. A good functional access is also vital in order to deliver adequate HD therapy. It seems that the native AVF that Brescia and Cimino described in 1966 still remains the first choice for VA. The native forearm AVFs have the longest survival and require the fewest interventions. For this reason, the forearm AVF is the first choice, followed by the upper-arm AVF, the arteriovenous graft and the cuffed central venous catheter is the final choice. In conclusion, VA remains the most important issue for patients on HD and despite the technical improvements, a number of problems and complications have to be resolved. PMID:24175244

Pantelias, Konstantinos; Grapsa, Eirini

2012-01-01

331

Vascular Access Monitoring Improves Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular access monitoring can identify patients at increased risk of future access thrombosis. When coupled with a program of elective stenosis correction, access thrombosis rates decline approximately 5075%. This results in arteriovenous (AV) fistula thrombosis rates of 0.10.2\\/patient year (vs. 0.20.4 at baseline) and AV graft thrombosis rates <0.5\\/patient year (vs. 0.81.2 thromboses\\/patient year at baseline). Evaluating the long-term impact

Jeffrey J. Sands

2005-01-01

332

Vehicle barrier with access delay  

DOEpatents

An access delay vehicle barrier for stopping unauthorized entry into secure areas by a vehicle ramming attack includes access delay features for preventing and/or delaying an adversary from defeating or compromising the barrier. A horizontally deployed barrier member can include an exterior steel casing, an interior steel reinforcing member and access delay members disposed within the casing and between the casing and the interior reinforcing member. Access delay members can include wooden structural lumber, concrete and/or polymeric members that in combination with the exterior casing and interior reinforcing member act cooperatively to impair an adversarial attach by thermal, mechanical and/or explosive tools.

Swahlan, David J; Wilke, Jason

2013-09-03

333

Self-Access Centers: Maximizing Learners' Access to Center Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although some students have discovered how to use self-access centers effectively, the majority appear to be unaware of available resources. A website and database of materials were created to help students locate materials and use the Self-Access Study Center (SASC) at Brigham Young University's English Language Center (ELC) more effectively.

McMurry, Benjamin L.; Tanner, Mark W.; Anderson, Neil J.

2009-01-01

334

JENNE FARM FROM ACCESS ROAD LOOKING WEST. (The access road ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

JENNE FARM FROM ACCESS ROAD LOOKING WEST. (The access road runs between the cattle pastures. The granary, garage/workshop, house, barn, and remains of the orchard can be seen. Also visible in the distance is Ebey?s Prairie and the bluff. Note the Holstein bulls and freemartins grazing.) - Jenne Farm, 538 Engle Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

335

Constructive AccessConstructive Access Control:Control  

E-print Network

Constructive AccessConstructive Access Control:Control: Revisited?Revisited? Valeria de PaivaValeria and from different entities. A single policy may be easy to understand e.g. user Valeria may want ­ Admin says owns (Valeria, file) -> may_delete(Valeria, file) Express authorization questions ­ Does

Cheng, Eugenia

336

Is Your Church Accessible? Houses of Worship: Physical Accessibility Checklist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This checklist is intended to help churches evaluate the accessibility of their facilities to those with physical disabilities. Categories covered are: basic accessibility, parking lots, walks, ramps, entrances/exits, doors and doorways, stairs and steps, floors, worship space, rest rooms, controls, water fountains, identification, warning

Ensign, Arselia, Ed.

1991-01-01

337

Designing for auditory web access: accessibility and cellphone users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-end mobile phones are becoming generally available throughout the world and the main window onto the Web. A large constituency for Web access is being created whose experience Web designers are not familiar with, particularly because of the central role of auditory, rather than visual access. This is analogous to problems faced by visually impaired users, where again Web designers

Shari Trewin; Rachel K. E. Bellamy; John C. Thomas; Jonathan P. Brezin; John T. Richards; Calvin Swart; Bonnie E. John

2010-01-01

338

The Table Access Protocol: Providing standard access to astronomical data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the upcoming era of large scale, geographically distributed, varied sources of astronomical data, a standard, simple and flexible way to access this data is necessary and useful for astronomers across the globe. Most of the modern surveys such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) are available in well organized tabular formats. The Table Access Protocol (TAP) supports a standard web interface to access this kind of tabular data. Predefined queries and results formats help different data providers to implement these services. TAP also helps various software tools to access data and perform cross-matches seamlessly across different data sources. It is then possible to access data in tools that consume TAP web services. This supports further detailed data analysis on a queried slice of data. This document describes TAP and its utility for astronomers and data scientists. It also provides information on the protocol for data providers and developers.

Nandrekar-Heinis, D.; Michel, L.; Louys, M.; Bonnarel, F.

2014-11-01

339

Accessing nave human pluripotency.  

PubMed

Pluripotency manifests during mammalian development through formation of the epiblast, founder tissue of the embryo proper. Rodent pluripotent stem cells can be considered as two distinct states: nave and primed. Nave pluripotent stem cell lines are distinguished from primed cells by self-renewal in response to LIF signaling and MEK/GSK3 inhibition (LIF/2i conditions) and two active X chromosomes in female cells. In rodent cells, the nave pluripotent state may be accessed through at least three routes: explantation of the inner cell mass, somatic cell reprogramming by ectopic Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and C-myc, and direct reversion of primed post-implantation-associated epiblast stem cells (EpiSCs). In contrast to their rodent counterparts, human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells more closely resemble rodent primed EpiSCs. A critical question is whether nave human pluripotent stem cells with bona fide features of both a pluripotent state and nave-specific features can be obtained. In this review, we outline current understanding of the differences between these pluripotent states in mice, new perspectives on the origins of nave pluripotency in rodents, and recent attempts to apply the rodent paradigm to capture nave pluripotency in human cells. Unraveling how to stably induce nave pluripotency in human cells will influence the full realization of human pluripotent stem cell biology and medicine. PMID:22463982

De Los Angeles, Alejandro; Loh, Yuin-Han; Tesar, Paul J; Daley, George Q

2012-06-01

340

Remote direct memory access  

DOEpatents

Methods, parallel computers, and computer program products are disclosed for remote direct memory access. Embodiments include transmitting, from an origin DMA engine on an origin compute node to a plurality target DMA engines on target compute nodes, a request to send message, the request to send message specifying a data to be transferred from the origin DMA engine to data storage on each target compute node; receiving, by each target DMA engine on each target compute node, the request to send message; preparing, by each target DMA engine, to store data according to the data storage reference and the data length, including assigning a base storage address for the data storage reference; sending, by one or more of the target DMA engines, an acknowledgment message acknowledging that all the target DMA engines are prepared to receive a data transmission from the origin DMA engine; receiving, by the origin DMA engine, the acknowledgement message from the one or more of the target DMA engines; and transferring, by the origin DMA engine, data to data storage on each of the target compute nodes according to the data storage reference using a single direct put operation.

Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.

2012-12-11

341

Access to space study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the results of a comprehensive NASA in-house study to identify and assess alternate approaches to access to space through the year 2030, and to select and recommend a preferred cause of action. The goals of the study were to identify the best vehicles and transportation architectures to make major reductions in the cost of space transportation (at least 50%), while at the same time increasing safety for flight crews by at least an order of magnitude. In addition, vehicle reliability was to exceed 0.98 percent, and, as important, the robustness, pad time, turnaround time, and other aspects of operability were to be vastly improved. This study examined three major optional architectures: (1) retain and upgrade the Space Shuttle and expendable launch vehicles; (2) develop new expendable vehicles using conventional technologies and transition from current vehicles beginning in 2005; and (3) develop new reusable vehicles using advanced technology, and transition from current vehicles beginning in 2008. The launch-needs, mission model utilized for for the study was based upon today's projection of civil, defense, and commercial mission payload requirements.

1994-01-01

342

Making Astronomy Accessible  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new semester begins, and your students enter the classroom for the first time. You notice a student sitting in a wheelchair or walking with assistance from a cane. Maybe you see a student with a guide dog or carrying a Braille computer. Another student gestures "hello but then continues hand motions, and you realize the person is actually signing. You wonder why another student is using an electronic device to speak. Think this can't happen in your class? According to the U.S. Census, one out of every five Americans has a disability. And some disabilities, such as autism, dyslexia and arthritis, are considered "invisible disabilities. This means you have a high probability that one of your students will have a disability. As an astronomy instructor, you have the opportunity to reach a wide variety of learners by using creative teaching strategies. I will share some suggestions on how to make astronomy and your part of the universe more accessible for everyone.

Grice, Noreen A.

2011-05-01

343

Hybrid internet access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Access to the Internet is either too slow (dial-up SLIP) or too expensive (switched 56 kbps, frame relay) for the home user or small enterprise. The Center for Satellite and Hybrid Communication Networks and Hughes Network Systems have collaborated using systems integration principles to develop a prototype of a low-cost hybrid (dial-up and satellite) newtork terminal which can deliver data from the Internet to the user at rates up to 160 kbps. An asymmetric TCP/IP connection is used breaking the network link into two physical channels: a terrestrial dial-up for carrying data from the terminal into the Internet and a receive-only satellite link carrying IP packets from the Internet to the user. With a goal of supporting bandwidth hungry Internet applications such as Mosaic, Gopher, and FTP, this system has been designed to support any Intel 80386/486 PC, any commercial TCP/IP package, any unmodified host on the Internet, and any of the routers, etc., within the Internet. The design exploits the following three observations: 1) satellites are able to offer high bandwidth connections to a large geographical area, 2) a receive-only VSAT is cheap to manufacture and easier to install than one which can also transmit, and 3) most computer users, especially those in a home environment, will want to consume much more information than they generate. IP encapsulation, or tunneling, issued to manipulate the TCP/IP protocols to route packets asymmetrically.

Arora, Vivek; Baras, John S.; Dillon, Douglas; Falk, Aaron; Suphasindhu, Narin

1995-01-01

344

Nonvolatile random access memory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A nonvolatile magnetic random access memory can be achieved by an array of magnet-Hall effect (M-H) elements. The storage function is realized with a rectangular thin-film ferromagnetic material having an in-plane, uniaxial anisotropy and inplane bipolar remanent magnetization states. The thin-film magnetic element is magnetized by a local applied field, whose direction is used to form either a 0 or 1 state. The element remains in the 0 or 1 state until a switching field is applied to change its state. The stored information is detcted by a Hall-effect sensor which senses the fringing field from the magnetic storage element. The circuit design for addressing each cell includes transistor switches for providing a current of selected polarity to store a binary digit through a separate conductor overlying the magnetic element of the cell. To read out a stored binary digit, transistor switches are employed to provide a current through a row of Hall-effect sensors connected in series and enabling a differential voltage amplifier connected to all Hall-effect sensors of a column in series. To avoid read-out voltage errors due to shunt currents through resistive loads of the Hall-effect sensors of other cells in the same column, at least one transistor switch is provided between every pair of adjacent cells in every row which are not turned on except in the row of the selected cell.

Wu, Jiin-Chuan (Inventor); Stadler, Henry L. (Inventor); Katti, Romney R. (Inventor)

1994-01-01

345

SCOAP3 and Open Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

SCOAP3 is an innovative Open Access initiative for publishing in high-energy physics. The model is viewed by many as a potential solution to multiple issues related to the financial crisis, the peer review system, scholarly communication, and the need to support institutional repositories. This installment of The Balance Point presents articles written by three Open Access advocates, outlining the SCOAP3

Sharon Dyas-Correia; Heather Morrison; Dan D'Agostino

2009-01-01

346

Minority Access to Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and Asian Americans are entitled to equal access to all institutions of higher education. Ensuring greater access and participation by minorities in higher education is one of the most practical ways of moving America closer to the ideal of equal opportunity, which is the actualization of the American dream.

Jackson, Nathaniel

2012-01-01

347

Internet Accessibility in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the problems that prohibit expanded Internet access and possible solutions to these problems, particularly with respect to the country of Chile. The three main problems that block Internet usage in Latin America are high demand and poor infrastructure; high costs for Internet access; and high preliminary costs for computers, modems, and

Haymond, Ruel

1998-01-01

348

Automatically Producing Accessible Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Anywhere, Anytime, Anyway" slogan is frequently associated to e-learning with the aim to emphasize the wide access offered by on-line education. Otherwise, learning materials are currently created to be used with a specific technology or configuration, leaving out from the virtual classroom students who have limited access capabilities and,

Di Iorio, Angelo; Feliziani, Antonio Angelo; Mirri, Silvia; Salomoni, Paola; Vitali, Fabio

2006-01-01

349

Communication Access to Conversational Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes methods that have been developed to provide augmentative and alternative communication communicators with better access to narrative conversation. It begins by highlighting the need to provide access to conversational narrative for people with complex communication needs, arguing that this type of conversation plays an

Waller, Annalu

2006-01-01

350

Web Site Accessibility - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

This Web site has been designed to be accessible to all users, compliant with the Section 508 standards, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. However, this is an ongoing process and it is possible that some users may encounter problems accessing some pages.

351

Access to Federal Officials' Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a continuing series on freedom of information issues, this report reviews the handling of the papers of presidents of the United States after they have left office and alludes briefly to access to papers of other public officials. It specifically discusses the issue of access to the records of President Richard Nixon and discusses some of

Schwaller, Robert

352

NCI Web 508 Accessibility Comment  

Cancer.gov

The Web sites at the National Cancer Institute have been designed to be accessible to all users, compliant with the 508 standards, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. However, this is an ongoing process and it is possible that some users with disabilities may encounter problems accessing some pages.

353

Accessibility on the Hudson River  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how Beverly and Martin Ryfa, working with an architect who specializes in accessible design, were able to build a house that is handicap accessible for their 9-year-old daughter, Danielle, who suffered an intraventricular hemorrhage when she was three days old. The article describes the features of their house that make

Exceptional Parent, 2010

2010-01-01

354

Impact of a quality improvement programme based on vascular access flow monitoring on costs, access occlusion and access failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Vascular access thrombosis is a substan- tial source of morbidity in chronic haemodialysis patients. Periodical access flow measurements can predict the presence of vascular access stenosis and provide an opportunity for early intervention to prevent subsequent vascular access thrombosis. By this system of quality improvement, vascular access-related costs might be reduced. The aim of this study was to analyse

Edwin Wijnen; Nils Planken; Xavier Keuter; Jeroen P. Kooman; Jan H. M. Tordoir; Michiel W. de Haan; Karel M. L. Leunissen; Frank van der Sande

355

Internet Access to Spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Operating Missions as Nodes on the Internet (OMNI) project at NASA's Goddard Space flight Center (GSFC), is demonstrating the use of standard Internet protocols for spacecraft communication systems. This year, demonstrations of Internet access to a flying spacecraft have been performed with the UoSAT-12 spacecraft owned and operated by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. (SSTL). Previously, demonstrations were performed using a ground satellite simulator and NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS). These activities are part of NASA's Space Operations Management Office (SOMO) Technology Program, The work is focused on defining the communication architecture for future NASA missions to support both NASA's "faster, better, cheaper" concept and to enable new types of collaborative science. The use of standard Internet communication technology for spacecraft simplifies design, supports initial integration and test across an IP based network, and enables direct communication between scientists and instruments as well as between different spacecraft, The most recent demonstrations consisted of uploading an Internet Protocol (IP) software stack to the UoSAT- 12 spacecraft, simple modifications to the SSTL ground station, and a series of tests to measure performance of various Internet applications. The spacecraft was reconfigured on orbit at very low cost. The total period between concept and the first tests was only 3 months. The tests included basic network connectivity (PING), automated clock synchronization (NTP), and reliable file transfers (FTP). Future tests are planned to include additional protocols such as Mobile IP, e-mail, and virtual private networks (VPN) to enable automated, operational spacecraft communication networks. The work performed and results of the initial phase of tests are summarized in this paper. This work is funded and directed by NASA/GSFC with technical leadership by CSC in arrangement with SSTL, and Vytek Wireless.

Rash, James; Parise, Ron; Hogie, Keith; Criscuolo, Ed; Langston, Jim; Jackson, Chris; Price, Harold; Powers, Edward I. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

356

Data Access Performance Through Parallelization and Vectored Access: Some Results  

SciTech Connect

High Energy Physics data processing and analysis applications typically deal with the problem of accessing and processing data at high speed. Recent studies, development and test work have shown that the latencies due to data access can often be hidden by parallelizing them with the data processing, thus giving the ability to have applications which process remote data with a high level of efficiency. Techniques and algorithms able to reach this result have been implemented in the client side of the Scalla/xrootd system, and in this contribution we describe the results of some tests done in order to compare their performance and characteristics. These techniques, if used together with multiple streams data access, can also be effective in allowing to efficiently and transparently deal with data repositories accessible via a Wide Area Network.

Furano, Fabrizio; /INFN, Padua; Hanushevsky, Andrew; /SLAC

2011-11-10

357

Privacy in Identity & Access Management systems  

E-print Network

Privacy in Identity & Access Management systems Andreas Pashalidis Katholieke Universiteit Leuven the approaches for addressing privacy in open identity and access management systems that have been taken&AM. INTRODUCTION Identity and Access Management (I&AM) systems support access control, namely ensuring that access

Mitchell, Chris

358

Learning Object Metadata for Learning Content Accessibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessibility metadata for learning content is identified as an interesting topic in educational metadata authoring. In this paper, we address learning content accessibility proposing an accessibility application profile of the IEEE LOM based on IMS Accessibility for LIP recommendations. The result is a metadata model that allows learning content selection according to accessibility requirements of learners, providing the necessary learning

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Sampson

359

Evolutionary Accessibility of Mutational Pathways  

PubMed Central

Functional effects of different mutations are known to combine to the total effect in highly nontrivial ways. For the trait under evolutionary selection (fitness), measured values over all possible combinations of a set of mutations yield a fitness landscape that determines which mutational states can be reached from a given initial genotype. Understanding the accessibility properties of fitness landscapes is conceptually important in answering questions about the predictability and repeatability of evolutionary adaptation. Here we theoretically investigate accessibility of the globally optimal state on a wide variety of model landscapes, including landscapes with tunable ruggedness as well as neutral holey landscapes. We define a mutational pathway to be accessible if it contains the minimal number of mutations required to reach the target genotype, and if fitness increases in each mutational step. Under this definition accessibility is high, in the sense that at least one accessible pathway exists with a substantial probability that approaches unity as the dimensionality of the fitness landscape (set by the number of mutational loci) becomes large. At the same time the number of alternative accessible pathways grows without bounds. We test the model predictions against an empirical 8-locus fitness landscape obtained for the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. By analyzing subgraphs of the full landscape containing different subsets of mutations, we are able to probe the mutational distance scale in the empirical data. The predicted effect of high accessibility is supported by the empirical data and is very robust, which we argue reflects the generic topology of sequence spaces. Together with the restrictive assumptions that lie in our definition of accessibility, this implies that the globally optimal configuration should be accessible to genome wide evolution, but the repeatability of evolutionary trajectories is limited owing to the presence of a large number of alternative mutational pathways. PMID:21876664

Franke, Jasper; Klzer, Alexander; de Visser, J. Arjan G. M.; Krug, Joachim

2011-01-01

360

Expanding drug access in Brazil: lessons for Latin America and Canada.  

PubMed

This paper discusses Brazil's efforts to provide essential medicines for its population while meeting international trade obligations. In the 1950s and 1960s, Brazil's pharmaceutical industry was largely overtaken by foreign companies. To counteract this, Brazil enacted a law in 1971 that allowed the production of patented drugs in order to provide affordable medicines, encourage research and development, and reduce dependency on imports. Eventually, pressure from the United States government (through tariffs and sanctions) drove Brazil to introduce pharmaceutical patent laws. Local interests prevailed, however, through Brazil's liberal interpretation of the TRIPS Agreement, which included a provision that pharmaceutical products must be "worked" or manufactured locally or the government could turn to the use of compulsory licensing. Brazil's willingness to use the threat of compulsory licensing compelled drug companies to lower HIV/AIDS drug prices substantially. Finally, the paper discusses how Canada can facilitate improving drug access in Latin America through helping Brazil expand its role as a manufacturer and providing medicines to countries without manufacturing capabilities. PMID:17203728

Cohen, Jillian Clare

2006-01-01

361

Computer access security code system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A security code system for controlling access to computer and computer-controlled entry situations comprises a plurality of subsets of alpha-numeric characters disposed in random order in matrices of at least two dimensions forming theoretical rectangles, cubes, etc., such that when access is desired, at least one pair of previously unused character subsets not found in the same row or column of the matrix is chosen at random and transmitted by the computer. The proper response to gain access is transmittal of subsets which complete the rectangle, and/or a parallelepiped whose opposite corners were defined by first groups of code. Once used, subsets are not used again to absolutely defeat unauthorized access by eavesdropping, and the like.

Collins, Earl R., Jr. (inventor)

1990-01-01

362

Just the Facts: Vascular Access  

MedlinePLUS

... vessels for hemodialysis. There are three types: A fistula is your artery and vein sewed together. Blood ... so it can be used for dialysis. A fistula is often the longest-lasting access. A graft ...

363

Cybersecurity Framework AccessControl  

E-print Network

Cybersecurity Framework AccessControl Policy Machine Cloud Computing Cryptography Evaluation, "Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity" ....................10 Contributions to National ........................................................................... 16 Cybersecurity of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)....................... 19 Federal Cybersecurity

364

Ongoing Spontaneous Activity Controls Access to Consciousness  

E-print Network

Ongoing Spontaneous Activity Controls Access to Consciousness: A Neuronal Model for Inattentional of endogenous states of consciousness, and particularly the blocking of access to consciousness that occurs of consciousness. Citation: Dehaene S, Changeux JP (2005) Ongoing spontaneous activity controls access

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

365

78 FR 20255 - Leased Commercial Access  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Register reflect the Leased Commercial Access rules that have remained...978, concerning Leased Commercial Access. These rules contained...PART 76--MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE...as follows: Sec. 76.970 Commercial leased access rates....

2013-04-04

366

Cell Phone Accessibility (for the Visually Impaired)  

MedlinePLUS

... with Vision Loss Using Technology Cell Phone Accessibility Cell Phone Accessibility Cell phones have revolutionized the way ... Share: Email Print Like (44 Likes) Choosing a Cell Phone Cell Phone Accessibility Expectations Assistance with Filing ...

367

40 CFR 35.935-7 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...will have access to the project work whenever it is in preparation...to have access to any books, documents, plans, reports, papers...provide access to the project work, sites, documents, and records. See ...

2011-07-01

368

40 CFR 35.935-7 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...will have access to the project work whenever it is in preparation...to have access to any books, documents, plans, reports, papers...provide access to the project work, sites, documents, and records. See ...

2010-07-01

369

25 CFR 43.7 - Access rights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Access rights. 43.7 Section 43.7 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION MAINTENANCE AND CONTROL OF STUDENT RECORDS IN BUREAU SCHOOLS 43.7 Access rights. The right of access specified...

2010-04-01

370

A Tariff for Reactive Power  

SciTech Connect

Two kinds of power are required to operate an electric power system: real power, measured in watts, and reactive power, measured in volt-amperes reactive or VARs. Reactive power supply is one of a class of power system reliability services collectively known as ancillary services, and is essential for the reliable operation of the bulk power system. Reactive power flows when current leads or lags behind voltage. Typically, the current in a distribution system lags behind voltage because of inductive loads such as motors. Reactive power flow wastes energy and capacity and causes voltage droop. To correct lagging power flow, leading reactive power (current leading voltage) is supplied to bring the current into phase with voltage. When the current is in phase with voltage, there is a reduction in system losses, an increase in system capacity, and a rise in voltage. Reactive power can be supplied from either static or dynamic VAR sources. Static sources are typically transmission and distribution equipment, such as capacitors at substations, and their cost has historically been included in the revenue requirement of the transmission operator (TO), and recovered through cost-of-service rates. By contrast, dynamic sources are typically generators capable of producing variable levels of reactive power by automatically controlling the generator to regulate voltage. Transmission system devices such as synchronous condensers can also provide dynamic reactive power. A class of solid state devices (called flexible AC transmission system devices or FACTs) can provide dynamic reactive power. One specific device has the unfortunate name of static VAR compensator (SVC), where 'static' refers to the solid state nature of the device (it does not include rotating equipment) and not to the production of static reactive power. Dynamic sources at the distribution level, while more costly would be very useful in helping to regulate local voltage. Local voltage regulation would reduce system losses, increase circuit capacity, increase reliability, and improve efficiency. Reactive power is theoretically available from any inverter-based equipment such as photovoltaic (PV) systems, fuel cells, microturbines, and adjustable-speed drives. However, the installation is usually only economical if reactive power supply is considered during the design and construction phase. In this report, we find that if the inverters of PV systems or the generators of combined heat and power (CHP) systems were designed with capability to supply dynamic reactive power, they could do this quite economically. In fact, on an annualized basis, these inverters and generators may be able to supply dynamic reactive power for about $5 or $6 per kVAR. The savings from the local supply of dynamic reactive power would be in reduced losses, increased capacity, and decreased transmission congestion. The net savings are estimated to be about $7 per kVAR on an annualized basis for a hypothetical circuit. Thus the distribution company could economically purchase a dynamic reactive power service from customers for perhaps $6/kVAR. This practice would provide for better voltage regulation in the distribution system and would provide an alternate revenue source to help amortize the cost of PV and CHP installations. As distribution and transmission systems are operated under rising levels of stress, the value of local dynamic reactive supply is expected to grow. Also, large power inverters, in the range of 500 kW to 1 MW, are expected to decrease in cost as they become mass produced. This report provides one data point which shows that the local supply of dynamic reactive power is marginally profitable at present for a hypothetical circuit. We expect that the trends of growing power flow on the existing system and mass production of inverters for distributed energy devices will make the dynamic supply of reactive power from customers an integral component of economical and reliable system operation in the future.

Kueck, John D [ORNL; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Tufon, Christopher [Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Isemonger, Alan [California Independent System Operator

2008-07-01

371

Memory availability and referential access  

PubMed Central

Most theories of coreference specify linguistic factors that modulate antecedent accessibility in memory; however, whether non-linguistic factors also affect coreferential access is unknown. Here we examined the impact of a non-linguistic generation task (letter transposition) on the repeated-name penalty, a processing difficulty observed when coreferential repeated names refer to syntactically prominent (and thus more accessible) antecedents. In Experiment 1, generation improved online (event-related potentials) and offline (recognition memory) accessibility of names in word lists. In Experiment 2, we manipulated generation and syntactic prominence of antecedent names in sentences; both improved online and offline accessibility, but only syntactic prominence elicited a repeated-name penalty. Our results have three important implications: first, the form of a referential expression interacts with an antecedents status in the discourse model during coreference; second, availability in memory and referential accessibility are separable; and finally, theories of coreference must better integrate known properties of the human memory system. PMID:24443621

Johns, Clinton L.; Gordon, Peter C.; Long, Debra L.; Swaab, Tamara Y.

2013-01-01

372

[The concepts of health access].  

PubMed

This article describes four dimensions of health access-availability, acceptability, ability to pay and information-correlating these dimensions to indicators and discussing the complexity of the concept of access. For a study of these four dimensions, searches were conducted using the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, and World Health Organization Library & Information Networks for Knowledge (WHOLIS) databases. Large-circulation media vehicles, such as The Economist, The Washington Post, and the BBC network were also searched. The concept of health access has become more complex with time. The first analyses, carried out in the 1970s, suggested a strong emphasis on geographical (availability) and financial (ability to pay) aspects. More recently, the literature has focused on less tangible aspects, such as cultural, educational, and socioeconomic issues, incorporating the element of acceptability into the notion of health access. The literature also shows that information provides the starting point for access to health, in association with health empowerment and literacy for health care decision-making. The study concludes that improvements in access to health and the guarantee of equity will not be achieved by initiatives focusing on health care systems alone, but rather will depend on intersectoral actions and social and economic policies aimed at eliminating income and education differences. PMID:22569702

Sanchez, Raquel Maia; Ciconelli, Rozana Mesquita

2012-03-01

373

Access to the Internet and Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently revised, this page from the Blindness Resource Center is an annotated directory of Websites dealing with issues of Internet access for the blind. The categories include accessible Web design, LYNX Web browser use, Net Tamer, access resources, Unix access, Java access, Windows access, and other blindness links. The sites presented are sharply-focused and provide specific information and instructions for the blind and support staff on software designed to improve access, as well as detailed advice to Webmasters on creating sites that are accessible. The Website is sponsored and maintained by the New York Institute for Special Education.

374

The 'SAFARI' Technique Using Retrograde Access Via Peroneal Artery Access  

SciTech Connect

The 'SAFARI' technique or subintimal arterial flossing with antegrade-retrograde intervention is a method for recanalisation of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) when subintimal angioplasty fails. Retrograde access is usually obtained via the popliteal, distal anterior tibial artery (ATA)/dorsalis pedis (DP), or distal posterior tibial artery (PTA). Distal access via the peroneal artery has not been described and has a risk of continued bleeding, leading to compartment syndrome due to its deep location. We describe our experience in two patients with retrograde access via the peroneal artery and the use of balloon-assisted hemostasis for these retrograde punctures. This approach may potentially give more options for endovascular interventions in lower limb CTOs.

Zhuang, Kun Da, E-mail: zkunda@gmail.com [Singapore General Hospital, Interventional Radiology Centre (Singapore); Tan, Seck Guan [Singapore General Hospital, Department of General Surgery (Singapore); Tay, Kiang Hiong [Singapore General Hospital, Interventional Radiology Centre (Singapore)

2012-08-15

375

[Drug access in poor countries].  

PubMed

As a responsible player in the global pharmaceutical industry, Sanofi-Aventis recognizes its special responsibility to provide poor countries with access to drugs and vaccines. This is a key component of the Group's approach to sustainable development. As such, the Access to Medicines department draws on Sanofi-Aventis' expertise in order to address major public health issues, starting with the treatment of malaria, tuberculosis, sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis and epilepsy, as well as access to vaccines. The department has four main activities: research and development of new drugs; improvement of existing treatments; information, communication and education of patients and healthcare professionals; and development of a differential pricing and distribution policy adapted to patients' income, with a "no profit-no loss" equilibrium. PMID:18666459

Sebbag, Robert

2007-11-01

376

Open Access Journals in College Library Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students and scholars can take full advantage of Open Access journals only if libraries make them available through mechanisms that are familiar to patrons. This study examines the extent to which American liberal arts colleges have provided access to Open Access journals through their journal title lists (Serials Solutions, Ex Libris, etc.) and their online public access catalogs (OPACs). While

Cheryl S. Collins; William H. Walters

2010-01-01

377

Forests for People Access, recreation & tourism  

E-print Network

Strategy Forests for People Access, recreation & tourism on the national forest estate #12;#12;Access, recreation and tourism on the national forest estate | 3 Forests for People Access, recreation and tourism on the national forest estate Setting the scene Everyone has a right of responsible access

378

Educational Access in India. Country Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schools in India. It outlines policy and legislation on access to education and provides an analysis of access, vulnerability and exclusion. The quantitative data is supported by a review of research which explains the patterns of access and exclusion. It is based on findings from the

Online Submission, 2009

2009-01-01

379

Designing learning systems to provide accessible services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for providing learners with web-based learning content that match their accessibility needs and preferences, as well as providing ways to match learning content to user's devices has been identified as an important issue in accessible educational hypermedia literature. Several initiatives already exist trying to provide accessible web-based learning environments addressing a broad range of access needs and requirements.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2005-01-01

380

Characterizing Open Access Publishing at Your Institution  

E-print Network

Characterizing Open Access Publishing @ Your Institution Lilly Li, Digital Repository Librarian David E. Hubbard, Science & Engineering Librarian Outline Definitions and Background Open Access Publishing Studies Open Access Publishing @ TAMU Open... Access Publishing @ Your Institution Hands-on Exercises Scholarly Communications the creation, transformation, dissemination and preservation of knowledge related to teaching, research and scholarly endeavors.Among the many scholarly communications...

Hubbard, David E.; Li, Yu

2014-11-03

381

Incremental adaptation of XPath access control views  

Microsoft Academic Search

Materialized XPath access-control views are commonly used for enforcing access control. When access control rules den- ing a materialized XML access-control view change, the view must be adapted to reect these changes. The process of updat- ing a materialized view after its denition changes is referred to as view adaptation. While XPath security views have been widely reported in literature,

Padmapriya Ayyagari; Prasenjit Mitra; Dongwon Lee; Peng Liu; Wang-chien Lee

2007-01-01

382

Concurrent Access in Wireless LANs Distribution  

E-print Network

Concurrent Access in Wireless LANs Distribution server SGSN GGSN Node B RNC Node B IP Network UMTS SGSN GGSN Node BNode B RNC Node BNode B IP Network UMTS-HSDPA Terminal Access network 3 Router WLAN Access network 2 WiMAX Access network 1 Router Author: Joost Bosman 2009 Supervisors CWI: Rob van der Mei

Bhulai, Sandjai

383

ID Card Access Request Form Department: ____________________________________________________________  

E-print Network

ID Card Access Request Form Department: _____________________ This Card Access Request activates your card for access to the building after hours, at any card reader door a access code recently, please fill out the form below. Please allow up to 48 hours for your card

384

Educational Access in Ghana. Country Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schools in Ghana. It outlines policy and legislation on access to education and provides an analysis of access, vulnerability and exclusion. It is based on findings from the Country Analytic Report on Access to Basic Education in Ghana (Akyeampong et al, 2007) [ED508809] which can be

Akyeampong, K.; Djangmah, J.; Oduro, A.; Seidu, A.; Hunt, F.

2008-01-01

385

Utilisation of prehospital intravenous access.  

PubMed

Objective. To describe the use ofintravenous (IV) therapy in the South African (SA) prehopsital setting, and to determine the proportion of prehopsital cannulations considered unnecessary when graded against the South African Triage Score (SATS) chart.Methods. The study was conducted in the prehospital emergency medical care setting in the Western Cape Province, SA. Using a descriptive research design, we looked at the report forms of patients treated and transported by personnel currently employed in the public sector, serving the urban and rural areas stipulated by the municipal boundaries. All medical and trauma cases in which establishment of IV access was documented for the month of April 2013 were included. Interhospital transfers, unsuccessful attempts at IV access and intraosseous cannulation were excluded.Results. When graded against the SATS, prophylactic IV access was not justified in 42.3% of the total number of cases (N=149) in which it was established, and therefore added no direct benefit to the continuum of patient care. It is worth noting that 18.8% (n=39) of the IV lines were utilised for fluid administration, as opposed to 9.2% (n=19) for the administration of IV medications.Conclusion. In view of the paucity of studies indicating a direct benefit of out-of-hospital IV intervention, the practice of precautionary, protocol-driven prophylactic establishment of IV access should be evaluated. Current data suggest that in the absence of scientific evidence, IV access should only be initiated when it will benefit the patient immediately, and precautionary IV access, especially in non-injured patients, should be re-evaluated. PMID:25212402

Bester, B H; Sobuwa, Simpiwe

2014-09-01

386

Open Source in accessibility analyses Open Source in accessibility analyses  

E-print Network

Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Ger- many. stefan.neumeier@ti.bund.de Abstract- port" assessing the usability of open source GIS/- data in rural studies. Here we analysed the acces accessibility analysis. This analysis builds upon an open source approach using PostgreSQL/PostGIS as well

Köbben, Barend

387

ACCESSING HDF DATA VIA OPENDAP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HDF is a set of data formats and software libraries for storing scientific data with an emphasis on standards, storage, and I/O efficiency. The HDF-EOS version 2 (HDF-EOS2) profile and library, built on top of HDF version 4 (HDF4), define and implement the standard data format for the NASA Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS). Since the launch of Terra in 1999, the EOS Data and Information System (EOSDIS) has produced more than three terabytes of EOS earth science data daily. More than five hundred data products in NASA data centers are stored in HDF4. HDF5 is a newer data format. It has been embraced as an important data format for Earth science, HDF-EOS5, which is built on top of HDF5, is the primary data format for data from the Aura satellite. HDF5 is being used as the data format for data products produced from the National Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS). The newer version of netCDF, netCDF-4, is built on top of HDF5. The OPeNDAP Data Access Protocol (DAP) and its related software (servers and clients) have emerged as important components of the earth science data system infrastructure. The OPeNDAP protocol is widely used to remotely access earth science data. Several third-party visualization and analysis tools that can read data from OPeNDAP servers, such as IDV, GrADS, Ferret, NCL, MATLAB, and IDL, are widely used by many earth scientists, researchers, and educators to access HDF earth science data. Ensuring easy access to HDF4, HDF5 and HDF-EOS data via the above tools through OPeNDAP will reduce the time for HDF users to visualize the data in their favorite way and improve their working efficiencies accordingly. In the past two years, under the support of NASA ESDIS and ACCESS projects, The HDF Group implemented the HDF5-OPeNDAP data handler so that some NASA HDF-EOS5 Aura Swath and Grid data can be accessed by widely used visualization and analysis tools such as IDV, GrADS, Ferret, NCL and IDL via OPeNDAP. The HDF Group is also in the process of enhancing HDF-OPeNDAP data handler so that some NASA HDF-EOS2 AIRS and MODIS Swath and Grid data can also be accessed by visualization tools such as IDV and GrADS via OPeNDAP. We will use this poster to demonstrate several examples on how visualization tools can access NASA HDF-EOS data via OPeNDAP.

Yang, M.; Lee, H.; Folk, M. J.

2009-12-01

388

Community Access to Atmospheric Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an overview of the computer application that provides community access to atmosphere measurements derived from backscatter ultraviolet sources. It is funded by NASA's Advance Collaborative Connections for Earth-Sun System Science (ACCESS), and is devoted to Measurements of Atmospheric Chemistry in the Ultraviolet (MACUV). The purpose is to provide "one-stop shopping" for data and information of interest to the Backscattered Ultraviolet (BUV) community. It is built from the well-used, highly successful Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) website and is being evolved into a broader focus for the BUV community. This application supports NASA's evolutionary step toward science measurement processing and analysis systems and enables the BUV community to easily access information and expertise from multiple sources over a nearly 30 year history of space based remote sensing of the atmosphere. It facilitates finding and comparing data, algorithms, and scientific results from different parts of the BUV science community as well as from different instruments and missions. It provides the means to manage and access the products of the Ozone Community Oriented Measurement-based Processing System (ComPS). The MACUV application contains components that store and manage data, manage user access to that data, provide multi-dimensional views of the data and other information, serve data based on user criteria, and facilitate on-line collaboration. The web site hosts Algorithm Theoretical Basis documents for each data product, quality assessment of those products, published papers, instrument descriptions, access to mission information, reports and assessments of events and issues, problem reporting and tracking, a moderated forum, and a user collaboration area. Visitors to the MACUV web site fall into several categories: the general public; students, educators and researchers outside the BUV community; members of the BUV community who validate the measurements; members of the community who develop algorithms and software. Access to the information, data, and tools hosted on the site is managed based on the category of each visitor. The general public may view and download only information and data approved by NASA for public availability. Other visitors may establish a userid and select a category to gain access to components with restricted distribution.

Durbin, P. B.; Tilmes, C. A.; Parris, F. E.; Martin, A. T.; Soika, V.; Bichali, L.; Higgins, P. H.

2006-12-01

389

Selective access and editing in a database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Method and system for providing selective access to different portions of a database by different subgroups of database users. Where N users are involved, up to 2.sup.N-1 distinguishable access subgroups in a group space can be formed, where no two access subgroups have the same members. Two or more members of a given access subgroup can edit, substantially simultaneously, a document accessible to each member.

Maluf, David A. (Inventor); Gawdiak, Yuri O. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

390

Remote Access Policy COERAPAD20  

E-print Network

, and cable modems, etc. 3.0 Policy 3.1 General 1. It is the responsibility of the College of Engineering's on-site connection to the College of Engineering. 2. Please review the following policies for details that are connected to the College of Engineering internal networks via remote access technologies must use the most

Demirel, Melik C.

391

ACCESS TO SUPERCOMPUTER FUELS INQUIRY  

E-print Network

3 BIG DATA ACCESS TO SUPERCOMPUTER FUELS INQUIRY HONOR ROLL A SAMPLING OF FACULTY AWARDS Salim S at their fingertips: Columbia's c2B2 supercomputer, one of the fastest computer clusters in the world. Its 6,500 air Policy and Man- agement, relies on a supercomputer to fuel his search through a hospital database

Qian, Ning

392

Ballistic representation for kinematic access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work uses simple two-body orbital dynamics to initially determine the kinematic access for a ballistic vehicle. Primarily this analysis was developed to assess when a rocket body might conjunct with an orbiting satellite platform. A family of access opportunities can be represented as a volume for a specific rocket relative to its launch platform. Alternately, the opportunities can be represented as a geographical footprint relative to aircraft or satellite position that encompasses all possible launcher locations for a specific rocket. A thrusting rocket is treated as a ballistic vehicle that receives all its energy at launch and follows a coasting trajectory. To do so, the rocket's burnout energy is used to find its equivalent initial velocity for a given launcher's altitude. Three kinematic access solutions are then found that account for spherical Earth rotation. One solution finds the maximum range for an ascent-only trajectory while another solution accommodates a descending trajectory. In addition, the ascent engagement for the descending trajectory is used to depict a rapid access scenario. These preliminary solutions are formulated to address ground-, sea-, or air-launched vehicles.

Alfano, Salvatore

2011-01-01

393

Arts Accessibility for the Deaf.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet provides information and resources for cultural organizations and institutions interested in making the arts accessible to deaf citizens. Preliminary information includes a discussion of deafness in America and the deaf in the history of the arts and notes that the era of silent films was the golden age of cinema. Listed are 36

Bergman, Eugene

394

AccessSTEM: Building Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of activities were undertaken to understand the underrepresentation of people with disabilities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers and increase their participation in these fields. "AccessSTEM" collaborated with key stakeholders to conduct a "Capacity-Building Institute" ("CBI") in April 2009; share

DO-IT, 2009

2009-01-01

395

Website Accessibility - Nanotechnology Characterization Lab  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is committed to providing access to all individuals--disabled or not--who are seeking information on its Web site. To provide this information, the NCI Web site has been designed to comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (as amended).

396

Multilingual Access for Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid growth of the global information society, the concept of library has evolved to embrace all kinds of information collections, on all kinds of storage media, and using many different access methods. The users of today's information networks and digital libraries, no longer restricted by geographic or spatial boundaries, want to be

Peters, Carol; Sheridan, Paraic

397

Memory access buffering in multiprocessors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In highly-pipelined machines, instructions and data are prefetched and buffered in both the processor and the cache. This is done to reduce the average memory access latency and to take advantage of memory interleaving. Lock-up free caches are designed to avoid processor blocking on a cache miss. Write buffers are often included in a pipelined machine to avoid processor waiting

Michel Dubois; Christoph Scheurich; Faye A. Briggs

1986-01-01

398

Garnet Random-Access Memory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Random-access memory (RAM) devices of proposed type exploit magneto-optical properties of magnetic garnets exhibiting perpendicular anisotropy. Magnetic writing and optical readout used. Provides nonvolatile storage and resists damage by ionizing radiation. Because of basic architecture and pinout requirements, most likely useful as small-capacity memory devices.

Katti, Romney R.

1995-01-01

399

open access journal Public Health  

E-print Network

open access journal Journal of Public Health in AfricaeISSN 2038-9930 i www the Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, electronic quarterly, that focuses on health issues in the African continent. The journal editors seek high quality original articles on public health related issues

Oakley, Jeremy

400

Plated wire random access memories  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A program was conducted to construct 4096-work by 18-bit random access, NDRO-plated wire memory units. The memory units were subjected to comprehensive functional and environmental tests at the end-item level to verify comformance with the specified requirements. A technical description of the unit is given, along with acceptance test data sheets.

Gouldin, L. D.

1975-01-01

401

Who Needs an Accessible Classroom?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most faculty members design their courses for the average student. When a student with a disability enrolls, the disability services office typically helps the professor accommodate the student. Materials might be created in formats such as Braille, note takers might be provided, or the course might be moved to an accessible location. However,

Burgstahler, Sheryl

2007-01-01

402

Situation-Based Access Control: Privacy management via modeling of patient data access scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access control is a central problem in privacy management. A common practice in controlling access to sensitive data, such as electronic health records (EHRs), is Role-Based Access Control (RBAC). RBAC is limited as it does not account for the circumstances under which access to sensitive data is requested. Following a qualitative study that elicited access scenarios, we used Object-Process Methodology

Mor Peleg; Dizza Beimel; Dov Dori; Yaron Denekamp

2008-01-01

403

Community Access to Atmospheric Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This poster provides an overview of the computer system that provides community access to atmosphere measurements derived from backscatter ultraviolet sources. It is funded by NASA's Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth-Sun System Science (ACCESS), and is devoted to Measurements of Atmospheric Composition in the Ultraviolet. The purpose is to provide "one-stop shopping" for data and information of interested to the Backscattered Ultraviolet (BUV) community. It is built from the well-used, highly successful Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) web site, and is being evolved into a broader focus for the BUV community. This effort supports NASA's evolutionary step toward science measurement processing and analysis systems, and enables the BUV community to easily access information and expertise from multiple sources over a nearly 30 year history of space-based remote sensing of the atmosphere. It facilitates finding algorithms and scientific results from different parts of the BUV science community as well as from different instruments and missions. It provides the means to access the products of the Ozone Community Oriented Measurement-based Processing System (ComPS). The system contains components that store and manage data, manage user access to that data, provide multi-dimensional views of the data and other information, serve data based on user criteria, and facilitate on-line collaboration. The web site hosts Algorithm Theoretical Basis documents, quality assessment of data products, published papers, instrument descriptions, access to mission information, reports and assessments of events and issues, problem reporting and tracking, a moderated forum, and a user collaboration area. Visitors to the web site fall into several categories: the general public; students, educators, and researchers outside the BUV community; members of the BUV community who validate the measurements; members of the community who develop algorithms and software. Access to the information, data, and tools hosted on the site is managed based on the category of each visitor. The general public may view and download only information and data approved by NASA for public release.

Marshall, J. J.; Batluck, G. R.; Durbin, P. B.; Gerard, R.; Larko, D. E.; Martin, A.; Tilmes, C. A.

2007-05-01

404

Access to emergency number services.  

PubMed

Access to emergency services is mandated by Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The Department of Justice oversees the accessibility of public safety answering points (PSAPs), popularly called 9-1-1 centers. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has at least two roles in emergency number access: (1) as regulator of the ADA's Title IV on telecommunications access, and (2) as regulator of communications companies with regard to support of and interconnection with PSAPs. The rules of both agencies contributed significantly to the improvement during the 1990s of access to 9-1-1 for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or speech disabled. However, as new technologies for text wireless communications and relay services have moved quickly to Internet protocol (IP)-based technologies over the past 5-8 years, the use of traditional wireline telephones and text telephones among deaf, hard of hearing, and speech-disabled people has declined. PSAPs cannot be contacted via the newer forms of telecommunications, such as e-mail, instant messaging, and IP-based forms of relay services, including video relay services. The gap between the technology supported by policy and the technologies currently being used by deaf and hard of hearing people has become a serious problem that is difficult to solve because of the separate jurisdictions of the two agencies, the need for coordination within the FCC, technological challenges, and funding issues. In this article, the key policy and technology challenges will be analyzed and recommendations made for short-and long-term solutions to this dilemma. PMID:18751576

Harkins, Judith E; Strauss, Karen Peltz

2008-01-01

405

Controlling Access to Suicide Means  

PubMed Central

Background: Restricting access to common means of suicide, such as firearms, toxic gas, pesticides and other, has been shown to be effective in reducing rates of death in suicide. In the present review we aimed to summarize the empirical and clinical literature on controlling the access to means of suicide. Methods: This review made use of both MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane library databases, identifying all English articles with the keywords suicide means, suicide method, suicide prediction or suicide prevention and other relevant keywords. Results: A number of factors may influence an individuals decision regarding method in a suicide act, but there is substantial support that easy access influences the choice of method. In many countries, restrictions of access to common means of suicide has lead to lower overall suicide rates, particularly regarding suicide by firearms in USA, detoxification of domestic and motor vehicle gas in England and other countries, toxic pesticides in rural areas, barriers at jumping sites and hanging, by introducing safe rooms in prisons and hospitals. Moreover, decline in prescription of barbiturates and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), as well as limitation of drugs pack size for paracetamol and salicylate has reduced suicides by overdose, while increased prescription of SSRIs seems to have lowered suicidal rates. Conclusions: Restriction to means of suicide may be particularly effective in contexts where the method is popular, highly lethal, widely available, and/or not easily substituted by other similar methods. However, since there is some risk of means substitution, restriction of access should be implemented in conjunction with other suicide prevention strategies. PMID:22408588

Sarchiapone, Marco; Mandelli, Laura; Iosue, Miriam; Andrisano, Costanza; Roy, Alec

2011-01-01

406

Identity and Access Management: Access Management Survey 1 Access Management Survey Questions  

E-print Network

with your area who may have valuable insights to the challenges related to IAM. Please have those staff The Identity and Access Management (IAM) Technical Architect Group (TAG) was formed by Kevin Morooney, the vice, as outlined in the IAM Final Report and Recommendations. As an IAM stakeholder, you are critically important

Maroncelli, Mark

407

Exhausting Multiple Hemodialysis Access Failures  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Introduction: Vascular access is often considered the Achilles heel the of hemodialysis because of its impact on morbidity, all cause mortality and finally costs of these patients. The most common complication of permanent hemodialysis (HD) vascular access is thrombosis, with some cases being related to hypercoagulability states. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APAS) is a cause of increased thrombotic tendency, and this may complicate the management of such patients on HD. Case report: We describe a 41-year-old woman with end stage renal disease (ESRD) from Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease who was referred to our tertiary care center for treatment and selection of renal replacement therapy form. It was thought to initiate with peritoneal dialysis considering her actual conditions. She was putted on hemodialysis for several sessions, and a subclavian cathether was her first vascular access. The surgeon created an arterio-venous fistula which did not mature. After the implantation of the peritoneal cathether she started peritoneal dialysis and continued living with that for 2 years. She felt exhausted and because of a grave peritonitis episode accompanied with procedure failure and a long hospitalization she was transferred to hemodialysis. Renal transplantation was not possible because she didnt have a kidney donation. She was maintained on regular HD, but her dialysis care was complicated by recurrent vascular access failures. She had multiple interventions for arterio-venous fistulas and grafts but almost all of them failed due to thrombosis to the extent that only one access site was available for her routine renal replacement treatment. A thorough thrombophilia screen confirmed the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. A diagnosis of APAS was made and she was anticoagulated with warfarin. The AVG made in this last available site is still working from 18 months. If it fails we have no answers and solutions for her. Conclusion: The presence of APAS can complicate HD management by causing recurrent vascular access thrombosis and failure, and nephrologist must remain alert to this possibility. Checking and treating as soon as possible it's our future challenge. PMID:25568574

Bolleke, Erjola; Seferi, Saimir; Rroji, Merita; Idrizi, Alma; Barbullushi, Myftar; Thereska, Nestor

2014-01-01

408

Filtering XPath expressions for XML access control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract,XPath is a standard,for specifying parts of XML documents,and a suitable language for both query processing and access control of XML. In this paper, we use the XPath expression,for representing,user queries and,access control for XML. And we propose an access-control method for XML, where we control accesses to XML documents,by,filtering query,XPath expressions,through,access-control,XPath expressions. For filtering the access-denied parts out of

Jae-myeong Jeon; Yon Dohn Chung; Myoung-ho Kim; Yoon-joon Lee

2004-01-01

409

Accessing opportunistic resources with Bosco  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bosco is a software project developed by the Open Science Grid to help scientists better utilize their on-campus computing resources. Instead of submitting jobs through a dedicated gatekeeper, as most remote submission mechanisms use, it uses the built-in SSH protocol to gain access to the cluster. By using a common access method, SSH, we are able to simplify the interaction with the cluster, making the submission process more user friendly. Additionally, it does not add any extra software to be installed on the cluster making Bosco an attractive option for the cluster administrator. In this paper, we will describe Bosco, the personal supercomputing assistant, and how Bosco is used by researchers across the U.S. to manage their computing workflows. In addition, we will also talk about how researchers are using it, including an unique use of Bosco to submit CMS reconstruction jobs to an opportunistic XSEDE resource.

Weitzel, D.; Sfiligoi, I.; Bockelman, B.; Frey, J.; Wuerthwein, F.; Fraser, D.; Swanson, D.

2014-06-01

410

Securing America's access to space  

SciTech Connect

We review pertinent aspects of the history of the space launch capabilities of the United States and survey its present status and near-term outlook. Steps which must be taken, pitfalls which much be avoided, and a core set of National options for re-acquiring in the near term the capability to access the space environment with large payloads are discussed. We devote considerable attention to the prospect of creating an interim heavy-lift space launch vehicle of at least 100,000 pound payload-orbiting capacity to serve National needs during the next dozen years, suggesting that such a capability can be demonstrated within 5 years for less than $1 B. Such capability will apparently be essential for meeting the first-phase goals of the President's Space Exploration Initiative. Some other high-leverage aspects of securing American access to space are also noted briefly, emphasizing unconventional technological approaches of presently high promise.

Rendine, M.; Wood, L.

1990-05-23

411

Accessing the VO with Python  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce two products for accessing the VO from Python: PyVO and VOClient. PyVO is built on the widely-used Astropy package and is well suited for integrating automated access to astronomical data into highly customizable scripts and applications for data analysis in Python. VOClient is built on a collection of C-libraries and is well suited for integrating with multi-language analysis packages. It also provides a framework for integrating legacy software into the Python environment. In this demo, we will run through several examples demonstrate basic data discovery and retrieval of data. This includes finding archives containing data of interest (VO registry), retrieving datasets (SIA, SSA), and exploring (Cone Search, SLAP). VOClient features some extended capabilities including the ability to communicate to other desktop applications from a script using the SAMP protocol.

Plante, R.; Fitzpatrick, M.; Graham, M.; Tody, D.; Young, W.

2014-05-01

412

Enhancing Ocean Research Data Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) works in partnership with ocean science investigators to publish data from research projects funded by the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections and the Office of Polar Programs Antarctic Organisms & Ecosystems Program at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Since 2006, researchers have been contributing data to the BCO-DMO data system, and it has developed into a rich repository of data from ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research programs. While the ultimate goal of the BCO-DMO is to ensure preservation of NSF funded project data and to provide open access to those data, achievement of those goals is attained through a series of related phases that benefits from active collaboration and cooperation with a large community of research scientists as well as curators of data and information at complementary data repositories. The BCO-DMO is just one of many intermediate data management centers created to facilitate long-term preservation of data and improve access to ocean research data. Through partnerships with other data management professionals and active involvement in local and global initiatives, BCO-DMO staff members are working to enhance access to ocean research data available from the online BCO-DMO data system. Continuing efforts in use of controlled vocabulary terms, development of ontology design patterns and publication of content as Linked Open Data are contributing to improved discovery and availability of BCO-DMO curated data and increased interoperability of related content available from distributed repositories. We will demonstrate how Semantic Web technologies (e.g. RDF/XML, SKOS, OWL and SPARQL) have been integrated into BCO-DMO data access and delivery systems to better serve the ocean research community and to contribute to an expanding global knowledge network.

Chandler, Cynthia; Groman, Robert; Shepherd, Adam; Allison, Molly; Arko, Robert; Chen, Yu; Fox, Peter; Glover, David; Hitzler, Pascal; Leadbetter, Adam; Narock, Thomas; West, Patrick; Wiebe, Peter

2014-05-01

413

Central Venous Access for Chemotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Systemic chemotherapy is the cornerstone of modern day cancer treatment. Chemotherapeutic agents are often caustic solutions\\u000a that require large high flow venous channels for safe delivery; hence the need for central venous access. Chemotherapeutic\\u000a protocols vary greatly with respect to frequency, intensity, and duration. The concept of dose intensity is being scrutinized\\u000a with current trends favoring more frequent administration of

M. Andreas Mauro

414

Remote Access Techniques and Issues  

E-print Network

modem Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) service* Cable TV - Yes Cable modem service* * where available! Using the Phone Line: Dialup Modem Modulator / Demodulator Converts computer data to "sounds" (in an electrical form) just like your telephone does... for the human voice Designed to use the "standard" Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) just like any normal call would be made No modifications to the PSTN required Dialup Modem continued The earliest (and now the oldest) remote access technology...

Klein, Bill

2006-11-14

415

Subject Access to Your Information  

E-print Network

Subject Access to Your Information Sandy Tucker Texas A&M University Libraries August 1, 2006 Second International Symposium on Transportation Technology Transfer Introduction You have packages ? books, pamphlets, files, electronic documents. You... Lists Transportation Research Thesaurus Your own list Use a Short List or a Long List of Terms? If you have a small collection, a short list of terms is appropriate. If you have a large collection, a longer list of more specific terms...

Tucker, Sandra

2006-08-01

416

ACADEMICS + ACCESS + AFFORDABILITY = Community Colleges  

E-print Network

ACADEMICS + ACCESS + AFFORDABILITY = Community Colleges T H E C I T Y U N I V E R S I T Y O F N E W 61 500 6 The City College of New York 61 500 6 College of Staten Island 45 450 5 Hunter College 61 500 6 John Jay College of Criminal Justice 61 500 6 Lehman College 61 500 6 Medgar Evers College 52

Rosen, Jay

417

Fast Access Data Acquisition System  

SciTech Connect

Our goal in this program is to develop Fast Access Data Acquisition System (FADAS) by combining the flexibility of Multilink's GaAs and InP electronics and electro-optics with an extremely high data rate for the efficient handling and transfer of collider experimental data. This novel solution is based on Multilink's and Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL) unique components and technologies for extremely fast data transfer, storage, and processing.

Dr. Vladimir Katsman

1998-03-17

418

Spatial Accessibility to Pediatric Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to assess spatial accessibility (SA) to pediatric healthcare services at hospitals in Chiba\\u000a Prefecture, Japan in 2006. We considered the distribution of general pediatricians and neonatologists relative to the geographical\\u000a distribution of children using the two-step floating catchment area method, which accounts for the pediatrician-to-children\\u000a ratios within catchment areas with defined travel distance (TD)

Fabiana Cervigni; Yoichi Suzuki; Takuma Ishii; Akira Hata

2008-01-01

419

Computer-Access-Code Matrices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Authorized users respond to changing challenges with changing passwords. Scheme for controlling access to computers defeats eavesdroppers and "hackers". Based on password system of challenge and password or sign, challenge, and countersign correlated with random alphanumeric codes in matrices of two or more dimensions. Codes stored on floppy disk or plug-in card and changed frequently. For even higher security, matrices of four or more dimensions used, just as cubes compounded into hypercubes in concurrent processing.

Collins, Earl R., Jr.

1990-01-01

420

Accessible solitons in diffusive media.  

PubMed

We investigate spatial solitons in nonlocal media with a nonlinear index well modeled by a diffusive equation. We address the role of nonlocality and its interplay with boundary conditions, shedding light on the behavior of accessible solitons in real samples and discussing the accuracy of the highly nonlocal approximation. We find that symmetric solitons exist only above a power threshold, with an existence region that grows larger and larger with nonlocality in the plane width power. PMID:25078166

Alberucci, Alessandro; Jisha, Chandroth P; Assanto, Gaetano

2014-08-01

421

Interleave division multiple-access  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive study of interleave-division multiple-access (IDMA) systems. The IDMA receiver principles for different modulation and channel conditions are outlined. A semi-analytical technique is developed based on the density evolution technique to estimate the bit-error-rate (BER) of the system. It provides a fast and relatively accurate method to predict the performance of the IDMA scheme. Simulation examples

Li Ping; Lihai Liu; Keying Y. Wu; W. K. Leung

2006-01-01

422

Interactive Database Access with Statistics and Graphics  

E-print Network

DbAccess The Manual Interactive Database Access with Statistics and Graphics Version 2.1.1 D. M ................................................................................................ 4 IV. SELECTING DATA FROM THE DATABASE ............................................................................................ 29 XI. WORKING WITH A DIFFERENT DATABASE

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

423

Metropolitan Accessibility and Transportation Sustainability:Sustainability  

E-print Network

Metropolitan Accessibility and Transportation Sustainability:Sustainability: Comparative Reduce (fulfillment of)Promote Sustainability: Meet needs of (fulfillment of) needs present Institute SMART Sustainable Mobility and Accessibility Research andSMART Sustainable Mobility

Papalambros, Panos

424

77 FR 26149 - Access Authorization Fees  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 3150-AJ00 Access Authorization Fees AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...amending the NRC's access authorization fees charged to licensees for work performed...authorization. The NRC's formula for calculating fees remains the same and is based on...

2012-05-03

425

Dial Access Libraries; Their Use and Utility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical dial access libraries (DALs) are an innovative information service for health professionals. This report is an evaluation of the general value, effectiveness, and efficiency of the dial access services. (Author/PG)

Pearson, Karl M.; Bloch, Alice D.

1974-01-01

426

36 CFR 228.12 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...entitled to access in connection with operations, but no road, trail, bridge, landing area for aircraft, or...other means of access, including but not limited to off-road vehicles, be used until the operator has received approval...

2011-07-01

427

36 CFR 228.12 - Access.  

...entitled to access in connection with operations, but no road, trail, bridge, landing area for aircraft, or...other means of access, including but not limited to off-road vehicles, be used until the operator has received approval...

2014-07-01

428

36 CFR 228.12 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...entitled to access in connection with operations, but no road, trail, bridge, landing area for aircraft, or...other means of access, including but not limited to off-road vehicles, be used until the operator has received approval...

2012-07-01

429

36 CFR 228.12 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...entitled to access in connection with operations, but no road, trail, bridge, landing area for aircraft, or...other means of access, including but not limited to off-road vehicles, be used until the operator has received approval...

2010-07-01

430

36 CFR 228.12 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...entitled to access in connection with operations, but no road, trail, bridge, landing area for aircraft, or...other means of access, including but not limited to off-road vehicles, be used until the operator has received approval...

2013-07-01

431

36 CFR 910.51 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...GUIDELINES AND UNIFORM STANDARDS FOR URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN OF DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT AREA Glossary of Terms 910.51 Access. Access, when used in reference to parking or loading, means both ingress and...

2010-07-01

432

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online Access to Knowledge  

E-print Network

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online Access to Knowledge _____________________________________________________________________________ OAK ­ Enrolling Users as Guests 1 Revised: 09/08/2011 Enrolling"Guests"andAllowingAccess Whywould Permit Guests, that means Guests ARE NOT permitted. #12;VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online

Simaan, Nabil

433

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online Access to Knowledge  

E-print Network

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online Access to Knowledge _____________________________________________________________________________ OAK Resolved Issues and New Features 9.1.8 1 Revised: 07/30/2012 Resolved at the system level by the Administrator. #12;VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online Access to Knowledge

Bordenstein, Seth

434

NASA's UAS NAS Access Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The vision of the Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Integration in the National Airspace System (NAS) Project is "A global transportation system which allows routine access for all classes of UAS." The goal of the UAS Integration in the NAS Project is to "contribute capabilities that reduce technical barriers related to the safety and operational challenges associated with enabling routine UAS access to the NAS." This goal will be accomplished through a two-phased approach based on development of system-level integration of key concepts, technologies and/or procedures, and demonstrations of integrated capabilities in an operationally relevant environment. Phase 1 will take place the first two years of the Project and Phase 2 will take place the following three years. The Phase 1 and 2 technical objectives are: Phase 1: Developing a gap analysis between current state of the art and the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) UAS Concept of Operations . Validating the key technical areas identified by this Project . Conducting initial modeling, simulation, and flight testing activities . Completing Sub-project Phase 1 deliverables (spectrum requirements, comparative analysis of certification methodologies, etc.) and continue Phase 2 preparation (infrastructure, tools, etc.) Phase 2: Providing regulators with a methodology for developing airworthiness requirements for UAS, and data to support development of certifications standards and regulatory guidance . Providing systems-level, integrated testing of concepts and/or capabilities that address barriers to routine access to the NAS. Through simulation and flight testing, address issues including separation assurance, communications requirements, and human systems integration in operationally relevant environments. The UAS in the NAS Project will demonstrate solutions in specific technology areas, which will address operational/safety issues related to UAS access to the NAS. Since the resource allocation for this Project is limited ($150M over the five years), the focus is on reducing the technical barriers where NASA has unique capabilities. As a result, technical areas, such as Sense and Avoid (SAA) and beyond line of sight command and control will not be addressed. While these are critical barriers to UAS access, currently, there is a great deal of global effort being exercised to address these challenge areas. Instead, specific technology development in areas where there is certainty that NASA can advance the research to high technology readiness levels will be the Project's focus. Specific sub-projects include Separation Assurance, Human Systems Integration, Communications, Certification, and Integrated Test and Evaluation. Each sub-project will transfer technologies to relevant key stakeholders and decision makers through research transition teams, technology forums, or through other analogous means.

Johnson, Charles W.

2011-01-01

435

Access Controls by Object-Oriented Concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces object-oriented access controls (OOAC) as a result of consequently applying the object-oriented paradigm for providing access controls in object and interoperable databases. OOA C includes: (1) subjects, like users, roles etc., are regarded as first-class objects, (2) objects are accessed by sending messages, and (3) access contro ls deal with controlling the flow of messages among objects.

Wolfgang Emayr; Gnther Pernul; A. Min Tjoa

1997-01-01

436

Access Digital Library, Search, News and more  

E-print Network

[General] Access Digital Library, Search, News and more [Education] Access MyCourses contentLinks, weather and more eCommons standard portals [Research] tab includes one-click access to 1,800 journalsLinks and view weather, news and events. eCommons Organizations Departments can create and maintain their own

Goodrich, Lisa V.

437

Evolving access networks: a European perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diversity of telecommunications markets and access network infrastructure among the countries of Europe is a complicating factor in the development of effective standards for Europe's future access networks. The need for evolving access networks to make efficient use of a wide variety of existing infrastructure may at times conflict with the long-term requirement for a stable platform of self-consistent

A. Gillespie; B. Orth; A. Profumo; S. Webster

1997-01-01

438

37 CFR 251.22 - Public access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Public access. 251.22... COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT...RULES OF PROCEDURE Public Access to and Inspection of Records 251.22 Public access. (a) Location...the Copyright Office or Library of Congress under...

2011-07-01

439

36 CFR 9.32 - Access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT Non-Federal Oil and Gas Rights 9.32 Access. (a) No access on, across or...permitted across unit lands unless such access is by foot, pack animal, or designated road. Persons using designated roads for...

2010-07-01

440

Medium Access Protocols Wireless Ethernet (WLAN)  

E-print Network

Medium Access Protocols Ethernet Wireless Ethernet (WLAN) Collision-Free Protocols Other Layer 2, 2014 Ramkumar MAC #12;Medium Access Protocols Ethernet Wireless Ethernet (WLAN) Collision-Free Protocols Other Layer 2 Components Outline 1 Medium Access Protocols ALOHA Slotted ALOHA CSMA 2 Ethernet

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

441

Improving Web Accessibility in a University Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving Web accessibility for disabled users visiting a university's Web site is explored following the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) guidelines and Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act rules for Web page designers to ensure accessibility. The literature supports the view that accessibility is sorely lacking, not only in the USA, but also

Olive, Geoffrey C.

2010-01-01

442

Accessibility Techniques for Museum Web Sites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like other public institutions, museums strive to make their facilities accessible to people with disabilities, yet these same patrons may be hindered in their use of museum Web sites by electronic accessibility barriers. This presentation demonstrates that access was a primary design factor in the Virtual Museum Tour, part of the Web site of The

Anable, Susan; Alonzo, Adam

443

Efficient Access Control in Multimedia Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multimedia social networks (MMSNs) have provided a convenient way to share multimedia contents such as images, videos, blogs, etc. Contents shared by a person can be easily accessed by anybody else over the Internet. However, due to various privacy, security, and legal concerns people often want to selectively share the contents only with their friends, family, colleagues, etc. Access control mechanisms play an important role in this situation. With access control mechanisms one can decide the persons who can access a shared content and who cannot. But continuously growing content uploads and accesses, fine grained access control requirements (e.g. different access control parameters for different parts in a picture), and specific access control requirements for multimedia contents can make the time complexity of access control to be very large. So, it is important to study an efficient access control mechanism suitable for MMSNs. In this chapter we present an efficient bit-vector transform based access control mechanism for MMSNs. The proposed approach is also compatible with other requirements of MMSNs, such as access rights modification, content deletion, etc. Mathematical analysis and experimental results show the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed approach.

Sachan, Amit; Emmanuel, Sabu

444

45 CFR 707.8 - Physical access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...disabilities, be denied the benefits of, be excluded...disabilities receive the benefits and services of the...accessible buildings, assignment of aides to individuals...accessible facilities. The international symbol for accessibility...disabilities receive the benefits and services of...

2010-10-01

445

Five Steps to an Accessible Classroom Website  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teachers or technology coordinators publish a website, they are providing a product for a diverse group of people. That's why website design should follow accessibility guidelines. Websites should be accessible to those with visual, hearing, movement, cognitive, and speech disabilities. Good design means greater accessibility for all. This

Amundson, Linda

2009-01-01

446

Commission on Preservation and Access Newsletter, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commission on Preservation and Access was established to foster and support collaboration among libraries and allied organizations in order to ensure the preservation of the published and documentary records in all formats and to provide enhanced access to scholarly information. The Commission's newsletter keeps preservation and access

Commission on Preservation and Access Newsletter, 1995

1995-01-01

447

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online Access to Knowledge  

E-print Network

VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY OAK: Online Access to Knowledge ___________________________________________________________________________ Getting to Know OAK 1 Revised: 10/16/2013 Getting to Know OAK What is OAK? Vanderbilt's course management system is called OAK (Online Access to Knowledge). OAK, powered by Blackboard, can be access through www.vanderbilt.edu/oak

448

NOAA Enterprise Archive Access Tool  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A challenge for any consumer of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) environmental data archives is that the disparate nature of these archives makes it difficult for consumers to access data in a unified manner. If it were possible for consumers to have seamless access to these archives, they would be able to better utilize the data and thus maximize the return on investment for NOAAs archival program. When unified data access is coupled with sophisticated data querying and discovery techniques, it will be possible to provide consumers with access to richer data sets and services that extend the use of key NOAA data. Theoretically, there are two ways that unified archive access may be achieved. The first approach is to develop a single archive or archiving standard that would replace the current NOAA archives. However, the development of such an archive would pose significant technical and administrative challenges. The second approach is to develop a middleware application that would provide seamless access to all existing archives, in effect allowing each archive to exist as is but providing a translation service for the consumer. This approach is deemed more feasible from an administrative and technical standpoint; however, it still presents unique technical challenges due to the disparate architectures that exist across NOAA archives. NOAA has begun developing the NEAAT. The purpose of NEAAT is to provide a middleware and a simple standardized API between NOAA archives and data consumers. It is important to note that NEAAT serves two main purposes: 1) To provide a single application programming interface (API) that enables designated consumers to write their own custom applications capable of searching and acquiring data seamlessly from multiple NOAA archives. 2) To allow archive managers to expose their data to consumers in conjunction with other NOAA resources without modifying their archiving systems or way of presenting data. More importantly, NOAA has selected the Accelerated Application Development (XAD) methodology to implement NEAAT. Design, development, and transition into operations of the solution are conducted using the XAD process, and within a shortened development cycle. The XAD process provides a process solution that is useful for rapid application development when processes for routine maintenance or other new development process lifecycles are not appropriate due to nature of the problem at hand: dynamic requirements and dynamic users frequent changes. XAD allows user requirements to be implemented and tested in a quick-turnaround cycle including feedback from the user and/or user representative, and also allows the flexibility of multiple system updates within a short turnaround timeframe. The initial phase of the project will define the scope of the project, develop a concept of operations and an initial set of functional requirements, and establish the development and testing environments. Once these are complete, an initial drop (release) of the system will be developed and placed in the test environment for a select group of users to evaluate. This development effort is being managed by the Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS) project.

Rank, R. H.; McCormick, S.; Cremidis, C.

2010-12-01

449

Widening Access to Higher Education: An Evaluative Case Study of a Foundation Year Alternative to Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are encouraged to widen access to a broad range of applicants, including mature students taking Access qualifications. Admissions tutors can find it difficult to compare and choose between Access and A-level applications, and Access applicants for popular courses may be disadvantaged relative to students with good A-levels. In this

Reddy, Peter A.; Moores, Elisabeth

2008-01-01

450

Situation-Based Access Control: privacy management via modeling of patient data access scenarios  

E-print Network

1 Situation-Based Access Control: privacy management via modeling of patient data access scenarios@technion.ac.il Fax number: 972-9-8981305 #12;2 Abstract Access control is a central problem in privacy management. A common practice in controlling access to sensitive data, such as electronic health records (EHRs

Peleg, Mor

451

Access to bird population data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Access to bird population data is critical for effective conservation planning and implementation. Although a tremendous volume of baseline data exists, it is often diffusely distributed and inaccessible to the resource manager and decision maker. A mechanism that facilitates assembly, documentation and delivery of avian data in a user-friendly manner is needed in order to integrate bird-related information resources across agencies and organizations. To address this fundamental need, the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), in partnership with the U.S. Geological Survey's Patuxent Wildlife Research Center and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, is developing a web-based interactive system that will focus on access to bird population and habitat data used in bird management and conservation. This system, known as the NBII Bird Conservation Node, will support planning and evaluation of bird conservation activities within the context of the North American Bird Conservation Initiative (NABCI), a framework for collaboration among organizations interested in bird conservation across North America. Initial development of the NBII Bird Conservation Node will focus on creating a prototype mapping application that will provide interactive access to data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey, the Colonial Waterbird Survey, the Breeding Waterfowl Population and Habitat Survey, and the Atlantic Flyway Mid-winter Waterfowl Survey. This prototype mapping application, to be available on-line at http://www.nbii.gov by Sep 2001, will lay the foundation for establishment of a Migratory Bird Data Center at Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, and will provide an opportunity for linking to and establishing partnerships with other sources of bird population and habitat data available over the Internet.

Martin, E.; Peterjohn, B.G.; Koneff, M.D.

2001-01-01

452

Enterprise wide transparent information access  

SciTech Connect

The information management needs of the Department of Energy (DOE) represents a fertile domain for the development of highly sophisticated yet intuitive enterprise-wide computing solutions. These solutions must support business operations, research agendas, technology development efforts, decision support, and other application areas with a user base ranging from technical staff to the highest levels of management. One area of primary interest is in the Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Branch of DOE. In this arena, the issue of tracking and managing nuclear waste related to the long legacy of prior defense production and research programs is one of high visibility and great concern. The Tank Waste Information Network System (TWINS) application has been created by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the DOE to assist in managing and accessing the information related to this mission. The TWINS solution addresses many of the technical issues faced by other efforts to provide integrated information access to a wide variety of stakeholders. TWINS provides secure transparent access to distributed heterogeneous multimedia information sources from around the DOE complex. The users interact with the information through a consistent user interface that presents the desired data in a common format regardless of the structure of the source information. The solutions developed by the TWINS project represent an integration of several technologies and products that can be applied to other mission areas within DOE and other government agencies. These solutions are now being applied to public and private sector problem domains as well. The successful integration and inter-operation of both commercial and custom modules into a flexible and extensible information architecture will help ensure that new problems facing DOE and other clients can be addressed more rapidly in the future by re-use of existing tools and techniques proven viable through the TWINS efforts.

Brown, J.

1995-05-01

453

Remote access to interactive media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digital interactive media augments interactive computing with video, audio, computer graphics and text, allowing multimedia presentations to be individually and dynamically tailored to the user. Multimedia, and particularly continuous media pose interesting problems for system designers, including those of latency and synchronization. These problems are especially evident when multimedia data is remote and must be accessed via networks. Latency and synchronization issues are discussed, and an integrated system, Tactus, is described. Tactus facilitates the implementation of interactive multimedia computer programs by managing latency and synchronization in the framework of an object-oriented graphical user interface toolkit.

Dannenberg, Roger B.

1993-01-01

454

HRP Data Accessibility Current Status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Overview of talk: a) Content of Human Life Science data; b) Data archive structure; c) Applicable legal documents and policies; and d) Methods for data access. Life Science Data Archive (LSDA) contains research data from NASA-funded experiments, primarily data from flight experiments and ground analog data collected at NASA facilities. Longitudinal Study of Astronaut Health (LSAH) contains electronic health records (medical data) of all astronauts, including mission data. Data are collected for clinical purposes. Clinical data are analyzed by LSAH epidemiologists to identify trends in crew health and implement changes in pre-, in-, or post-flight medical care.

Sams, Clarence

2009-01-01

455

Vibrations of raised access floors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Raised access floors play a critical role in modern cleanroom design. They have unique mechanical properties that make them respond to dynamic loading in a manner quite different from conventional floors. For example, an unbraced floor is much more flexible horizontally than in the vertical direction. Horizontal vibration amplitudes with walker excitation may exceed 100 mum/s in an unbraced floor, exceeding the sensitivity of 1000 x inspection microscopes by as much as an order of magnitude. Issues such as these become important when moderately vibration-sensitive instruments, such as optical microscopes, are supported on access floors, typically the case in cleanrooms. This paper presents results of experimental studies involving a 3 m x3 m segment of floor and a large floor installed in a cleanroom, both of which were subjected to dynamic loads using a shaker. Both drive-point and propagation properties were examined. In addition, data are presented for variations in bracing and bolting using the 3 m x3 m segment.

Amick, Hal; Gendreau, Michael; Gordon, Colin G.

2002-11-01

456

Multiple access mass storage network  

SciTech Connect

The Multi-Access Storage Subnetwork (MASS) is the latest addition to the Octopus computer network at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. The subnetwork provides shared mass storage for the Laboratory's multiple-host computer configuration. A Control Data Corp. 38500 Mass Storage facility is interfaces by MASS to the large, scientific worker computers to provide an on-line capacity of 1 trillion bits of user-accessible data. The MASS architecture offers a very high performance approach to the management of large data storage, as well as a high degree of reliability needed for operation in the Laboratory's timesharing environment. MASS combines state-of-the-art digital hardware with an innovative system philosophy. The key LLL design features of the subnetwork that contribute to the high performance include the following: a data transmission scheme that provides a 40-Mbit/s channel over distances of up to 1000 ft, a large metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) memory buffer controlled by a 24-port memory multiplexer with an aggregate data rate of 280 Mbit/s, and a set of high-speed microprocessor-based controllers driving the commercial mass storage units. Reliability of the system is provided by a completely redundant network, including two control minicomputer systems. Also enhancing reliability is error detection and correction in the MOS memory. A hardware-generated checksum is carried with each file throughout the entire network to ensure integrity of user files. 6 figures, 1 table.

Wentz, D.L. Jr.

1980-01-01

457

5 CFR 297.205 - Access to medical records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Access to medical records... OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS...RECORDS Request for Access 297.205 Access... When a request for access involves medical...of the physician's identity, the records will...

2011-01-01

458

5 CFR 297.205 - Access to medical records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Access to medical records... OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS...RECORDS Request for Access 297.205 Access... When a request for access involves medical...of the physician's identity, the records will...

2010-01-01

459

47 CFR 15.609 - Marketing of Access BPL equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Access Broadband Over Power Line (Access BPL) 15.609 Marketing of Access...operate the equipment. Eligible parties consist of AC power line public utilities, Access BPL service providers...

2010-10-01

460

47 CFR 15.609 - Marketing of Access BPL equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Access Broadband Over Power Line (Access BPL) 15.609 Marketing of Access...operate the equipment. Eligible parties consist of AC power line public utilities, Access BPL service providers...

2012-10-01

461

47 CFR 15.609 - Marketing of Access BPL equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Access Broadband Over Power Line (Access BPL) 15.609 Marketing of Access...operate the equipment. Eligible parties consist of AC power line public utilities, Access BPL service providers...

2013-10-01

462

47 CFR 15.609 - Marketing of Access BPL equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Access Broadband Over Power Line (Access BPL) 15.609 Marketing of Access...operate the equipment. Eligible parties consist of AC power line public utilities, Access BPL service providers...

2011-10-01

463

42 CFR 405.990 - Expedited access to judicial review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Expedited access to judicial review. 405.990 Section 405.990 Public...and Part B) Expedited Access to Judicial Review 405.990 Expedited access to judicial review. (a) Process for expedited access...

2010-10-01

464

42 CFR 405.990 - Expedited access to judicial review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Expedited access to judicial review. 405.990 Section 405.990 Public...and Part B) Expedited Access to Judicial Review 405.990 Expedited access to judicial review. (a) Process for expedited access...

2011-10-01

465

Ultrasound-guided pleural access.  

PubMed

Ultrasonography of the thorax has become a more recognized tool in pulmonary medicine, thanks to continuing clinical research that has proven its many valuable roles in the day-to-day management of pulmonary and pleural diseases. Ultrasound examination is a cost-effective imaging modality that permits the pulmonologist to obtain information about the pathologies in the thorax without the risk of exposure to ionizing radiation, providing the examiner with real-time and immediate results. Its ease of use and training along with its portability to the patient's bedside and accurate examination of the pleural space has allowed for safer pleural procedures such as thoracentesis, chest tube placement, tunneled pleural catheter placement, and medical thoracoscopy. In this review, we summarize the technique of chest ultrasonography, compare ultrasound to other frequently used thoracic imaging modalities, and focus on its use in obtaining pleural access while performing invasive pleural procedures. PMID:25463160

Shojaee, Samira; Argento, A Christine

2014-12-01

466

SLAC All Access: Laser Labs  

SciTech Connect

From supermarket checkouts to video game consoles, lasers are ubiquitous in our lives. Here at SLAC, high-power lasers are critical to the cutting-edge research conducted at the laboratory. But, despite what you might imagine, SLAC's research lasers bear little resemblance to the blasters and phasers of science fiction. In this edition of All Access we put on our safety goggles for a peek at what goes on inside some of SLAC's many laser labs. LCLS staff scientist Mike Minitti and SLAC laser safety officer Mike Woods detail how these lasers are used to study the behavior of subatomic particles, broaden our understanding of cosmic rays and even unlock the mysteries of photosynthesis.

Minitti, Mike; Woods Mike

2013-03-01

467

Easy and Accessible Imaging Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

DATASTAR, Inc., of Picayune, Mississippi, has taken NASA s award-winning Earth Resources Laboratory Applications Software (ELAS) program and evolved it into a user-friendly desktop application and Internet service to perform processing, analysis, and manipulation of remotely sensed imagery data. NASA s Stennis Space Center developed ELAS in the early 1980s to process satellite and airborne sensor imagery data of the Earth s surface into readable and accessible information. Since then, ELAS information has been applied worldwide to determine soil content, rainfall levels, and numerous other variances of topographical information. However, end-users customarily had to depend on scientific or computer experts to provide the results, because the imaging processing system was intricate and labor intensive.

2003-01-01

468

Patient access to rheumatoid arthritis treatments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an introduction to the study The Burden of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Patient Access to Treatment. The objective\\u000a of the study is to compare patient access to new drugs in Europe, North America and a selection of other countries, and to\\u000a analyse the determinants of differences between countries, as basis for a discussion on how patients access to

Bengt Jnsson

2008-01-01

469

Common Badging and Access Control System (CBACS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation presents NASA's Common Badging and Access Control System. NASA began a Smart Card implementation in January 2004. Following site surveys, it was determined that NASA's badging and access control systems required upgrades to common infrastructure in order to provide flexibly, usability, and return on investment prior to a smart card implantation. Common Badging and Access Control System (CBACS) provides the common infrastructure from which FIPS-201 compliant processes, systems, and credentials can be developed and used.

Dischinger, Portia

2005-01-01

470

Small Satellite Access of the Space Network  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Small satellites have been perceived as having limited access to NASA's Space Network (SN). The potential for satellite access of the space network when the design utilizes a fixed antenna configuration and low-power, coded transmission is analyzed. From the analysis, satellites using this configuration in high-inclination orbits are shown to have a daily data throughput in the 100 to 1000 Mbit range using the multiple access communications service.

Horan, Stephen; Minnix, Timothy O.; Vigil, J. S.

1999-01-01

471

Effective access to health care in Mexico  

PubMed Central

Background Effective access measures are intended to reflect progress toward universal health coverage. This study proposes an operative approach to measuring effective access: in addition to the lack of financial protection, the willingness to make out-of-pocket payments for health care signifies a lack of effective access to pre-paid services. Methods Using data from a nationally representative health survey in Mexico, effective access at the individual level was determined by combining financial protection and effective utilization of pre-paid health services as required. The measure of effective access was estimated overall, by sex, by socioeconomic level, and by federal state for 2006 and 2012. Results In 2012, 48.49% of the Mexican population had no effective access to health services. Though this represents an improvement since 2006, when 65.9% lacked effective access, it still constitutes a major challenge for the health system. Effective access in Mexico presents significant heterogeneity in terms of federal state and socioeconomic level. Conclusions Measuring effective access will contribute to better target strategies toward universal health coverage. The analysis presented here highlights a need to improve quality, availability, and opportuneness (location and time) of health services provision in Mexico. PMID:24758691

2014-01-01

472

Webmail access and helpful tips Purpose ...................................................................................................................................3  

E-print Network

.............................................................................................3 New Webmail client URL1234567@uds.anu.edu.au) #12;4 New Webmail client URL Outlook Web Access (OWA) provides a web interface

473

MY NASA DATA Live Access Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Live Access Server (LAS) is a highly configurable Web server designed to provide flexible access to geo-referenced scientific data. The Live Access Server provide visualization and subsetting of multi-dimensional scientific data for Web users. LAS enables the Web user to visualize data with on-the-fly graphics, request and download custom subsets of variables in a choice of file formats, and compare (difference) variables from distributed locations. The Live Access Server can be used to generate ascii micosets of real NASA data that can be incorporated into classroom lessons and activities.

474

[Artificial nutrition in children (I): enteral access].  

PubMed

Appropriate nutritional support is crucial in the therapeutic approach of multiple conditions, which justifies the frequent and increasing use of specific access routes for enteral and parenteral nutrition. This article reviews the relevant literature concerning indications, procedures, effectiveness and complications of enteral access routes in children. The decision between gastric and postpyloric access, and between nasogastric tube and gastrostomy is thoroughly discussed. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is the most commonly used technique when a long-term gastric access is required, given its efficacy and safety although the associated morbidity is not negligible;laparoscopic gastrostomy emerges as a potentially advantageous alternative. PMID:25409220

Estevo-Costa, Jos

2014-01-01

475

PV Standards Work: Photovoltaic System and Component Certification, Test Facility Accreditation, and Solar Photovoltaic Energy Systems International Standards  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses efforts led by two companies (PowerMark Corporation and Sunset Technologies Inc.) to support both U.S. domestic and international photovoltaic (PV) system and component certification and test facility accreditation programs and the operation of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee 82 (TC-82) Photovoltaic Energy Systems. International and national PV certification/accreditation programs are successfully facilitating entry of only the highest quality PV products into the marketplace. Standards also continue to be a cornerstone for assuring global PV product conformity assessment, reducing non-tariff trade barriers, and ultimately improving PV products while lowering cost.

Basso, T. S.; Chalmers, S.; Barikmo, H. O.

2005-11-01

476

Availability, Access, Authenticity, and Persistence: Creating the Environment for Permanent Public Access to Electronic Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses efforts by the Federal Depository Library Program to make information accessible more or mostly by electronic means. Topics include Web-based locator tools; collection development; digital archives; bibliographic metadata; and access tools and user interfaces. (Author/LRW)

Barnum, George

2002-01-01

477

15 CFR 784.1 - Complementary access: General information on the purpose of complementary access, affected...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...location, dispatch an advance team, if time and other circumstances permit, to the location to provide administrative and logistical support for complementary access and to assist with preparation for such access; (5) Accompany the IAEA Team...

2011-01-01

478

The index of rural access: an innovative integrated approach for measuring primary care access  

PubMed Central

Background The problem of access to health care is of growing concern for rural and remote populations. Many Australian rural health funding programs currently use simplistic rurality or remoteness classifications as proxy measures of access. This paper outlines the development of an alternative method for the measurement of access to primary care, based on combining the three key access elements of spatial accessibility (availability and proximity), population health needs and mobility. Methods The recently developed two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method provides a basis for measuring primary care access in rural populations. In this paper, a number of improvements are added to the 2SFCA method in order to overcome limitations associated with its current restriction to a single catchment size and the omission of any distance decay function. Additionally, small-area measures for the two additional elements, health needs and mobility are developed. By utilising this improved 2SFCA method, the three access elements are integrated into a single measure of access. This index has been developed within the state of Victoria, Australia. Results The resultant index, the Index of Rural Access, provides a more sensitive and appropriate measure of access compared to existing classifications which currently underpin policy measures designed to overcome problems of limited access to health services. The most powerful aspect of this new index is its ability to identify access differences within rural populations at a much finer geographical scale. This index highlights that many rural areas of Victoria have been incorrectly classified by existing measures as homogenous in regards to their access. Conclusion The Index of Rural Access provides the first truly integrated index of access to primary care. This new index can be used to better target the distribution of limited government health care funding allocated to address problems of poor access to primary health care services in rural areas. PMID:19624859

McGrail, Matthew R; Humphreys, John S

2009-01-01

479

Agriculture: access to technology limited.  

PubMed

From country to country and even regionally, the roles of women in agriculture vary, but most of their labor is in unpaid subsistence production and their contributions tend to be underestimated, according to the results of the [UN] Secretary-General's report. Depending on circumstances, they have complementary roles with men, sharing or dividing tasks in the production of crops, care of animals, and forestry management. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, women contribute 60-80% of labor in food production for both household consumption and sale, while in Malaysia the women account for only 35% of the agricultural labor force, and in Ireland the participation rate is only 10.4%. Although women make this important amount of labor contributions to agricultural production, "development policies tend to favor export crops to earn foreign exchange and the agricultural research tends to address the improvement of production and technologies for commercial production". This results in limited access for women to technical knowledge and innovations, including irrigation, machinery, farming techniques and extension services. This is strengthened by the fact that most of the extension services target farmers who own land and can obtain credit to invest in input and technology. PMID:12293737

1997-01-01

480

ACCESS: Detector Control and Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACCESS, Absolute Color Calibration Experiment for Standard Stars, is a series of rocket-borne sub-orbital missions and ground-based experiments that will enable improvements in the precision of the astrophysical flux scale through the transfer of absolute laboratory detector standards from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to a network of stellar standards with a calibration accuracy of 1% and a spectral resolving power of 500 across the 0.35 to 1.7 micron bandpass (companion poster, Kaiser et al.). The flight detector and detector spare have been selected and integrated with their electronics and flight mount. The controller electronics have been flight qualified. Vibration testing to launch loads and thermal vacuum testing of the detector, mount, and housing have been successfully performed. Further improvements to the flight controller housing have been made. A cryogenic ground test system has been built. Dark current and read noise tests have been performed, yielding results consistent with the initial characterization tests of the detector performed by Goddard Space Flight Centers Detector Characterization Lab (DCL). Detector control software has been developed and implemented for ground testing. Performance and integration of the detector and controller with the flight software will be presented. NASA APRA sounding rocket grant NNX08AI65G supports this work.

Morris, Matthew J.; Kaiser, M.; McCandliss, S. R.; Rauscher, B. J.; Kimble, R. A.; Kruk, J. W.; Wright, E. L.; Bohlin, R.; Kurucz, R. L.; Riess, A. G.; Pelton, R.; Deustua, S. E.; Dixon, W. V.; Sahnow, D. J.; Mott, D. B.; Wen, Y.; Benford, D. J.; Gardner, J. P.; Feldman, P. D.; Moos, H. W.; Lampton, M.; Perlmutter, S.; Woodgate, B. E.

2014-01-01

481

Optical multiple access intersatellite links  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The feasibility of an optical implementation of a multiple access medium data rate data relay service on the timescale of Euro-DRS was assessed. The service requirements for the feasibility study are based on the service which, in existing or planned systems, is implemented at S band. The system should communicate simultaneously with up to 8 LEO users in orbits of radii up to 7400 km providing 8 independently agile links. On each link, it should communicate at up to 2Mb/sec, at bit error rates of 10 to the minus 6th power in the return direction (LEO to GEO). A design concept for the GEO central node was produced. Mass and power estimates were evaluated and a preliminary spacecraft accommodation study performed. The system weighs 130 kg and has a power consumption of 300 W. The optical subsystem occupies a 75 x 75 x 30 cm volume on the top floor of the spacecraft. A number of trade-offs were identified and performed in reaching the final system configuration. The system should have 1 telescope system per user, a periscope mirror configuration for coarse pointing, a single telescope for both transmit and receive, and the use of both 0.8 micron for the LEO-GEO link and 1.3 micron for GEO-LEO.

Grant, M. A.; Matthews, N. F.; Robson, D.

1988-03-01

482

Magnetospheric Data Discovery and Access  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetospheric data are provided by a variety of diverse sources and the data is generally not provided in the same format, nor with the same level of documentation. The Virtual Magnetospheric Observatory (VMO), a joint effort of scientists at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and UCLA, aims to provide the scientific community with an integrated access to well documented data and related services. In this presentation we will demonstrate current and upcoming features of the VMO, important to both end-users and data providers. The primary function of the VMO is to search for available data sets matching user-specified criteria and to return links to matching data. The query submission process and its results will be demonstrated. In order to compare and search different data sets, they are described using the standard SPASE data model. We have developed tools for creating resource descriptions and for managing them in registries. Such tools simplify metadata preparation for the data providers to participate in the VMO. We will also discuss VMO value-added services (e.g., formatting, subsetting, display data, data mining).

Merka, J.; King, T. A.; Narock, T. W.; Walker, R. J.; Joy, S. P.

2007-05-01

483

Dynamic computing random access memory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present von Neumann computing paradigm involves a significant amount of information transfer between a central processing unit and memory, with concomitant limitations in the actual execution speed. However, it has been recently argued that a different form of computation, dubbed memcomputing (Di Ventra and Pershin 2013 Nat. Phys. 9 200-2) and inspired by the operation of our brain, can resolve the intrinsic limitations of present day architectures by allowing for computing and storing of information on the same physical platform. Here we show a simple and practical realization of memcomputing that utilizes easy-to-build memcapacitive systems. We name this architecture dynamic computing random access memory (DCRAM). We show that DCRAM provides massively-parallel and polymorphic digital logic, namely it allows for different logic operations with the same architecture, by varying only the control signals. In addition, by taking into account realistic parameters, its energy expenditures can be as low as a few fJ per operation. DCRAM is fully compatible with CMOS technology, can be realized with current fabrication facilities, and therefore can really serve as an alternative to the present computing technology.

Traversa, F. L.; Bonani, F.; Pershin, Y. V.; Di Ventra, M.

2014-07-01

484

Center for Nanoscale Materials User Access Program Overview CNM User Access Program Overview  

E-print Network

Center for Nanoscale Materials User Access Program Overview CNM User Access Program Overview 1 of the Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) user program is to provide the user community with access to equipment, facilities, and personnel that support CNM's overall focus on nanoscale materials. The CNM makes

Kemner, Ken

485

Analysis of Overlapped Code Division Multiple Access System in Gaussian Multiple Access Channel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an overlapped code division multiple access (OVCDMA) system where each user is assigned a unique convolutional spreading code and all the users access the channel simultaneously. Node error probability and symbol error probability upper bounds of OVCDMA in Gaussian multiple access channel are derived based on the random coding arguments. The former one ensures the existence of

Xing Yang; Yong Mo; Wei Jiang; Daoben Li

2008-01-01

486

Corporate Card Access Quick Reference Corporate Card Access Online Enrollment to register  

E-print Network

Corporate Card Access Quick Reference 1 Corporate Card Access Online Enrollment to register: Log on to Corporate Card Access at www.bankofamerica.com/corporatecardaccess Step Action Result 1 Enter your account information in appropriate boxes: · First, Last Name · Name as it appears on card · Expiration Date · Billing

Harms, Kyle E.

487

Occupational Home Economics. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Accessing Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains home economics occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in child care, custom sewing, or food service. Access skills are defined as those skills needed to access vocational education

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

488

A Pattern System for Access Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to develop trustworthy information systems, security aspects should be considered from the early project stages. This is particularly true for au- thorization and access control services, which decide which users can access which parts of the system and in what ways. Software patterns have been used with success to encapsulate best practices in software design. A good collec-

Torsten Priebe; Eduardo B. Fernndez; Jens Ingo Mehlau; Gnther Pernul

2004-01-01

489

Database Hints for Readex's AccessUN  

E-print Network

Database Hints for Readex's AccessUN Direct Link to Database: http://infoweb.newsbank.com/?db=UNAD Database Scope Readex's AccessUN database provides an index to United Nations documents from the six main Council, Secretariat and International Court of Justice. This database covers documents from 1946

Stowell, Michael

490

Correlates of Access to Business Research Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines potential correlates of business research database access through academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States. Results indicate that greater access to research databases is related to enrollment in graduate business programs, but not to overall enrollment or status as a public or private institution.

Gottfried, John C.

2010-01-01

491

HARVARD LAW SCHOOL LIBRARY ACCESS APPLICATION  

E-print Network

- NELLCO, LLNE, AALL, AALS, ABLL (Employer ID, business or membership card required) Collection Users [1/Non-Profit Access Government Employees, i.e., Federal, State, City, Court (Business card OR government ID required: ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ STAFF USE ONLY HLS LIBRARY ACCESS CARD _____________________________________________ Write expiration

492

Metering Schemes for General Access Structures  

E-print Network

Metering Schemes for General Access Structures Barbara Masucci Dipartimento di Informatica ed, Canada E­mail: dstinson@cacr.math.uwaterloo.ca Abstract A metering scheme is a method by which an audit time frame. In this paper we construct metering schemes for more general access structures, which

Stinson, Douglas

493

Subject Access Project. Second Quarterly Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Subject Access Project second quarterly report for September to December 1976 summarized in-progress work to improve subject access to monographs. Activities include: (1) analysis of book indexes and tables of contents for terms to augment MARC subject description; (2) analysis of additional book sections--e.g., maps, illustrations, charts,

Atherton, Pauline

494

Interactive Access Control for Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business Processes for Web Services (BPEL4WS) are the new paradigms for lightweight enterprise integration. They cross organizational bound- aries and are provided by entities that see each other just as business partners. Web services require shift in the access control mechanism: from identity-based access control to trust management and negotia- tion, but this is not enough for cross organizational business

Hristo Koshutanski; Fabio Massacci

2004-01-01

495

OFDMA: A Broadband Wireless Access Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this note, we review the design philosophies for uplink and downlink of OFDMA systems and demonstrate that OFDMA is a superior access technology for broadband wireless data network compared with traditional access technologies such as TDMA and CDMA. The main advantages of OFDMA over TDMA\\/CDMA stem from the scalability of OFDMA, the uplink orthogonality of OFDMA and the ability

Hujun Yin; Siavash Alamouti

2006-01-01

496

A Framework for Accessing General Object Storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

With computer application popularizing and storage capacity increasing, research for NAS and SAN storage system are gradually turning to OBS. The OBS will become the next wave of network storage technology. In this paper a framework for accessing general object storage (GOS) is presented. The GOS system adopts a basic unit called storage device object (SDO) and proposes an access

Qun Liu; Dan Feng; Qin Ling-jun; Zeng Ling-fang

2006-01-01

497

Remote Access Laboratories in Australia and Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Remote access laboratories (RALs) were first developed in 1994 in Australia and Switzerland. The main purposes of developing them are to enable students to do their experiments at their own pace, time and locations and to enable students and teaching staff to get access to facilities beyond their institutions. Currently, most of the experiments

Ku, H.; Ahfock, T.; Yusaf, T.

2011-01-01

498

45 CFR 707.8 - Physical access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Physical access. 707.8...DISABILITY IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY U.S...RIGHTS 707.8 Physical access. (a) Discrimination...disabilities, be denied the benefits of, be excluded from...under any program or activity conducted by the...

2011-10-01

499

45 CFR 707.8 - Physical access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Physical access. 707.8...DISABILITY IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY U.S...RIGHTS 707.8 Physical access. (a) Discrimination...disabilities, be denied the benefits of, be excluded from...under any program or activity conducted by the...

2013-10-01

500

45 CFR 707.8 - Physical access.  

...2014-10-01 false Physical access. 707.8...DISABILITY IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY U.S...RIGHTS 707.8 Physical access. (a) Discrimination...disabilities, be denied the benefits of, be excluded from...under any program or activity conducted by the...

2014-10-01