Sample records for access tariffs non-tariff

  1. 78 FR 14770 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey of Non-Tariff Trade Barriers to the U.S...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ...exports of energy and environmental goods and services by...reduce trade barriers and non-tariff measures...up-to- date list of non-tariff measures that...for U.S. exports of environmental goods and services...Business or other for-profit organizations....

  2. 75 FR 8300 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey of Non-Tariff Trade Barriers to the U.S...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ...exports of energy and environmental technologies, goods...reduce trade barriers and non-tariff measures...up-to-date list of non-tariff measures that...for U.S. exports of environmental goods and services...Business or other for-profit organizations....

  3. The precautionary principle and other non-tariff barriers to free and fair international food trade.

    PubMed

    Lupien, John R

    2002-07-01

    International food trade and world population are growing rapidly. National legislation has been enacted and implemented in many countries to assure good quality and safe foods to meet increased demand. No country is fully self-sufficient in domestic food production to meet population demands, and all require some food imports. Current international food trade agreements call for free and fair food trade between all countries, developed and developing. National food legislation and food production, processing and marketing systems have evolved in most countries to ensure better quality and safer foods. At the international level the work of the FAO/ WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) and the World Trade Organization Agreements on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and related Uruguay Round agreements have been agreed to by over 140 countries with the aim to promoting the free and fair trade of good quality and safe foods between all countries. The SPS and TBT agreements rely on science-based Codex standards, guidelines, and recommendations as benchmarks for judging international food trade disputes. A number of non-tariff barriers to trade, often related to agricultural subsidies and other food trade payments in developed countries, continue to give rise to complaints to WTO. They also continue to prevent free and fair trade, particularly for developing countries in international food trade. A number of these non-tariff barriers to trade are briefly examined, along with other domestic and international food trade problems, and recommendations for improvements are made. PMID:12180779

  4. A quantitative analysis of the effects of tariff and non-tariff barriers on U.S. - Mexico poultry trade

    E-print Network

    Magana Lemus, David

    2005-11-01

    Since the inception of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, tariff restriction to U.S. poultry products entering the Mexican market has decreased significantly. While poultry trade from the U.S. to Mexico has increased...

  5. 46 CFR 520.9 - Access to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...option requires that tariffs provide: (i) A minimum of a 14.4Kbps modem capable of receiving incoming calls; (ii) Smart terminal capability for VT-100 terminal or terminal emulation access; and (iii) Telephone line quality for data...

  6. 47 CFR 69.3 - Filing of access service tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...pursuant to § 61.39 of this Chapter shall be filed for a biennial period and with a scheduled effective date of July 1 of any odd numbered year. Any such telephone company that does not elect to file an access tariff pursuant to the § 61.39...

  7. 47 CFR 69.3 - Filing of access service tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...pursuant to § 61.39 of this Chapter shall be filed for a biennial period and with a scheduled effective date of July 1 of any odd numbered year. Any such telephone company that does not elect to file an access tariff pursuant to the § 61.39...

  8. 47 CFR 69.3 - Filing of access service tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...pursuant to § 61.39 of this Chapter shall be filed for a biennial period and with a scheduled effective date of July 1 of any odd numbered year. Any such telephone company that does not elect to file an access tariff pursuant to the § 61.39...

  9. 47 CFR 69.3 - Filing of access service tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...pursuant to § 61.39 of this Chapter shall be filed for a biennial period and with a scheduled effective date of July 1 of any odd numbered year. Any such telephone company that does not elect to file an access tariff pursuant to the § 61.39...

  10. 47 CFR 69.3 - Filing of access service tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...pursuant to § 61.39 of this Chapter shall be filed for a biennial period and with a scheduled effective date of July 1 of any odd numbered year. Any such telephone company that does not elect to file an access tariff pursuant to the § 61.39...

  11. 14 CFR 221.102 - Accessibility of tariffs to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01...Accessibility of tariffs to the public. 221.102 Section 221.102 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  12. 14 CFR 221.102 - Accessibility of tariffs to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...Accessibility of tariffs to the public. 221.102 Section 221.102 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  13. 14 CFR 221.102 - Accessibility of tariffs to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01...Accessibility of tariffs to the public. 221.102 Section 221.102 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  14. 14 CFR 221.102 - Accessibility of tariffs to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...Accessibility of tariffs to the public. 221.102 Section 221.102 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  15. 14 CFR 221.102 - Accessibility of tariffs to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...Accessibility of tariffs to the public. 221.102 Section 221.102 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  16. 47 CFR 61.39 - Optional supporting information to be submitted with letters of transmittal for Access Tariff...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Access Tariff filings effective on or after April 1, 1989, by local exchange carriers serving...Access Tariff filings effective on or after April 1, 1989, by local exchange carriers...Tariff for a period commencing on or after April 1, 1989, and which serves...

  17. The forest certification and eco-labels: a social progress or new non tariff barriers?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Violeta BAJENARU-DECLERCK

    The increasing demand for environment friendly products leads to the fast development of new forest eco-labels and forest certificates. They answer both to the new environment trend and are considered as new environmental policy instruments. Eco-labels were designed mainly to change the consumers' behaviour and the forest certification is to promote forest practices that are environmentally, socially and economically sustainable

  18. Open Access Transmission Tariff: Effective December 18, 1998 (Revised June 16, 1999).

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1999-06-16

    Bonneville will provide Network Integration Transmission Service pursuant to the terms and conditions contained in this Tariff and Service Agreement. The service that Bonneville will provide under this Tariff allows a Transmission Customer to integrate, economically dispatch and regulate its current and planned Network Resources to serve its Network Load. Network Integration Transmission Service also may be used by the Transmission Customer to deliver nonfirm energy purchases to its Network Load without additional charge. To the extent that the transmission path for moving power from a Network Resource to a Network Load includes the Eastern and Southern Interties, the terms and conditions for service over such intertie facilities are provided under Part 2 of this Tariff. Also, transmission service for third-party sales which are not designated as Network Load will be provided under Bonneville's Point-to-Point Transmission Service (Part 2 of this Tariff).

  19. July 2003WTO ACCESSION: WHAT’S IN IT FOR RUSSIA?

    E-print Network

    The William Davidson Institute; Abdur Chowdhury; Abdur Chowdhury; Iikka Korhonen; Vesa Korhonen; Jouko Rautava

    Pekka Sutela and Ksenia Yudaeva for constructive comments, suggestions, and fruitful Prospects for Russia’s membership in the WTO now look better than any point since accession negotiations began almost a decade ago. Good progress with economic and legal reforms within Russia has left the country’s economy better prepared for membership. Nevertheless, the economy still suffers from various weaknesses including, but not limited to, pervasive subsidies for different sectors, lack of liberalization and foreign participation especially in the service sector, inefficiency in custom administration, lack of enforcement of intellectual property rights, etc. For all their sensitivity, the negotiations on the import tariff levels and access to the service sectors are the least of the problems. Much more difficult will be non-tariff barriers and the general trade-related legislative framework. Resolving the remaining weaknesses would be a complex process. However, given the importance of WTOrelated measures for the overall domestic structural reform, any delay in accession would be at least marginally negative for investor perceptions of country risk. Key words: Russia, WTO, tariff, reform. JEL classification

  20. Transforming on-grid renewable energy markets. A review of UNDP-GEF support for feed-in tariffs and related price and market-access instruments

    SciTech Connect

    Glemarec, Yannick; Rickerson, Wilson; Waissbein, Oliver

    2012-11-15

    As a Global Environment Facility (GEF) founding implementing agency, UNDP has worked on over 230 GEF-supported clean energy projects in close to 100 developing countries since 1992. About 100 of these projects in 80 countries have focused on renewable energy, supported by approximately US $ 293 million in GEF funds and leveraging US $1.48 billion in associated co-financing from national governments, international organizations, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. As part of UNDP efforts to codify and share lessons learnt from these initiatives, this report addresses how scarce public resources can be used to catalyze larger private financial flows for renewable energy. It provides an overview of UNDP-GEF’s extensive work supporting development of national renewable energy policies such as feed-in tariffs. In these activities UNDP-GEF assists developing countries to assess key risks and barriers to technology diffusion and then to identify a mix of policy and financial de-risking measures to remove these barriers and drive investment. This approach is illustrated through three case studies in Uruguay, Mauritius and Kazakhstan. This report is complemented by a companion publication presenting an innovative UNDP financial modeling tool to assist policymakers in appraising different public instruments to promote clean energy.

  1. Vertical integration, collusion, and tariffs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pedro Mendi; Rafael Moner-Colonques; José J. Sempere-Monerris

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a link between tariff rates and industry structure in a dynamic setting. We examine the role of tariffs\\u000a on final-goods in a firm’s decision to integrate and collude in the presence of competitive imports. It is shown that, under\\u000a some conditions, the upstream firm has an incentive to engage in vertical integration to introduce profitably a wholesale

  2. 75 FR 4689 - Electronic Tariff Filings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-29

    ...1\\ Electronic Tariff Filings...The adoption of electronic tariff filing necessitates changes in the business practices used by...Standards for Electronic Filing Processes (Technical and Business Approaches),...

  3. Industry sector analysis, Indonesia: Water pollution control equipment. Export trade information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bhinekawati

    1992-01-01

    The market survey covers the water pollution control equipment market in Indonesia. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Indonesian consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

  4. Industry sector analysis, Indonesia: Water pollution control equipment. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Bhinekawati, R.

    1992-10-21

    The market survey covers the water pollution control equipment market in Indonesia. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Indonesian consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

  5. Industry sector analysis Mexico: Renewable energy equipment. Export trade information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gayou

    1992-01-01

    The market survey covers the renewable energy equipment market in Mexico. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

  6. Industry sector analysis, Mexico: Emission monitoring equipment. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Picazo, A.G.

    1992-10-01

    The market survey covers the emission monitoring equipment market in Mexico. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Mexican consumers to US products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  7. Industry market research, China: Electrical power systems. Transmission equipment market. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the electric power transmission equipment market in China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

  8. Industry sector analysis, China: Electrical generating equipment in guangdong province. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the electrical generating equipment market in the Guangdong Province of China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information.

  9. 46 CFR 520.4 - Tariff contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...choose to do so, they are encouraged to use the U.S. Harmonized Tariff Schedule (“U.S. HTS”) for both the commodity coding and associated terminology (definitions). (2) If a tariff publisher uses a numeric code to identify commodities,...

  10. 46 CFR 520.4 - Tariff contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...and (7) The publisher, if any, used...lading); (5) Contact person and address...certifying that all information contained in the...be used. Tariff publishers are not required...governing tariff, a publisher may define and...description of the information necessary for...

  11. The Tariff Analysis Project: A database and analysis platform forelectricity tariffs

    SciTech Connect

    Coughlin, K.; White, R.; Bolduc, C.; Fisher, D.; Rosenquist, G.

    2006-05-12

    Much of the work done in energy research involves ananalysis of the costs and benefits of energy-saving technologies andother measures from the perspective of the consumer. The economic valuein particular depends on the price of energy (electricity, gas or otherfuel), which varies significantly both for different types of consumers,and for different regions of the country. Ideally, to provide accurateinformation about the economic value of energy savings, prices should becomputed directly from real tariffs as defined by utility companies. Alarge number of utility tariffs are now available freely over the web,but the complexity and diversity of tariff structures presents aconsiderable barrier to using them in practice. The goal of the TariffAnalysis Project (TAP) is to collect andarchive a statistically completesample of real utility tariffs, and build a set of database and web toolsthat make this information relatively easy to use in cost-benefitanalysis. This report presentsa detailed picture of the current TAPdatabase structure and web interface. While TAP has been designed tohandle tariffs for any kind of utility service, the focus here is onelectric utilities withinthe United States. Electricity tariffs can bevery complicated, so the database structures that have been built toaccommodate them are quite flexible and can be easily generalized toother commodities.

  12. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

  13. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

  14. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

  15. 76 FR 43206 - Electronic Tariff Filing System (ETFS)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-20

    ...Tariff Filing System (ETFS) to...using the ETFS system to file their...a personal communications service (PCS...radiotelephone (wireless) companies...for telephone communications companies other...radiotelephone (wireless) companies...Tariff Filing System, if not...

  16. 14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... § 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

  17. 14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... § 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

  18. 14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... § 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

  19. 14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... § 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

  20. 14 CFR 221.300 - Discontinuation of electronic tariff system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... § 221.300 Discontinuation of electronic tariff system. In the event that the electronic tariff system is discontinued, or...changed, or a filer discontinues its business, all electronic data records prior to such date...

  1. 49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

  2. 49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

  3. 49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

  4. 49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

  5. 49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

  6. 49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

  7. 49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

  8. 49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

  9. 49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

  10. 49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

  11. 49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

  12. 49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

  13. 49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

  14. 49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

  15. 49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

  16. 49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

  17. 49 CFR 1312.5 - Amendments to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.5 Amendments to tariffs. (a) Manner of making...

  18. 49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

  19. 49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

  20. 49 CFR 1312.4 - Filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.4 Filing of tariffs. (a) Filing...

  1. 49 CFR 1312.8 - Identification of tariff publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.8 Identification of tariff publication. (a)...

  2. 49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

  3. 49 CFR 1312.7 - STB tariff designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.7 STB tariff designation. (a) Format. Every...

  4. 49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

  5. 49 CFR 1312.13 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.13 Furnishing copies of tariff publications. (a)...

  6. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

  7. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

  8. 76 FR 27658 - Tuna-Tariff-Rate Quota; The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2011 Tuna Classifiable Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ...Tariff-Rate Quota; The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2011 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2011...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

  9. 77 FR 22796 - Tuna-Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ...Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2012...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

  10. The Dangers of Reducing Industrial Tariffs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ha-Joon Chang

    2005-01-01

    The author says that plans to reduce industrial tariffs during the next round of World Trade Organization talks have greater consequences than plans to reduce agricultural trade restrictions. Do the developing nations fully understand what they are giving up? This development specialist says they had better wake up to the consequences.

  11. Study on Safety Green Barriers Based on International Trade

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Liu; Xiaohong Chen

    2011-01-01

    Green Security Barrier is a non-tariff barriers in currently international trade which is applied by more and more developed countries to comply with, the barriers are in compliance with relevant national trade agreement and nominal reason is reasonable, especially China has been accession to the WTO, and unable to avoidable. At present, our country's many products have great lost because

  12. Accessibility

    Cancer.gov

    The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let

  13. The Value of Distributed Generation under Different TariffStructures

    SciTech Connect

    Firestone, Ryan; Magnus Maribu, Karl; Marnay, Chris

    2006-05-31

    Distributed generation (DG) may play a key role in a modern energy system because it can improve energy efficiency. Reductions in the energy bill, and therefore DG attractiveness, depend on the electricity tariff structure; a system created before widespread adoption of distributed generation. Tariffs have been designed to recover costs equitably amongst customers with similar consumption patterns. Recently, electric utilities began to question the equity of this electricity pricing structure for standby service. In particular, the utilities do not feel that DG customers are paying their fair share of transmission and distribution costs - traditionally recovered through a volumetric($/kWh) mechanism - under existing tariff structures. In response, new tariff structures with higher fixed costs for DG have been implemented in New York and in California. This work analyzes the effects of different electricity tariff structures on DG adoption. First, the effects of the new standby tariffs in New York are analyzed in different regions. Next generalized tariffs are constructed, and the sensitivity to varying levels of the volumetric and the demand ($/kW, i.e. maximum rate) charge component are analyzed on New York's standard and standby tariff as well as California's standby tariff. As expected, DG profitability is reduced with standby tariffs, but often marginally. The new standby structures tend to promote smaller base load systems. The amount of time-of-day variability of volumetric pricing seems to have little effect on DG economics.

  14. Feed-In Tariffs and similar programs

    EIA Publications

    2013-01-01

    Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are a policy mechanism used to encourage deployment of renewable electricity technologies. FITs are used to a limited extent around the United States as listed. A FIT program typically guarantees that customers who own a FIT-eligible renewable electricity generation facility, such as a roof-top solar photovoltaic system, will receive a set price from their utility for all of the electricity they generate and provide to the grid.

  15. Industry sector analysis, China: Urban water sanitation. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the water pollution control equipment market for urban water sanitation in China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  16. Industry sector analysis Mexico: Water pollution instruments, equipment, and services, September 1990. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-09-01

    The Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) for water pollution instruments, equipment, and services contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users, receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products, the competitive situation (Mexican production, total import market, U.S. market position, foreign competition, and competitive factors), and market access (Mexican tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, and distribution channels). The ISA also contains key contact information.

  17. Industry sector analysis: The market for renewable energy resources (the Philippines). Export trade information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Cannon; A. L. Miranda

    1990-01-01

    The market survey covers the renewable energy resources market in the Philippines. Sub-sectors covered include biomass, solar energy, photovoltaic cells, windmills, and mini-hydro systems. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Philippine consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key

  18. Industry sector analysis, Hong Kong: Air pollution monitoring equipment. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the air pollution monitoring equipment market in Hong Kong. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Hong Kong consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  19. Industry sector analysis, Hong Kong: Asbestos control industry. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the asbestos control market in Hong Kong. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Hong Kong consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  20. Industry market research, China: Pollution control-air pollution. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the air pollution control equipment and instruments market in China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  1. Industry sector analysis, China: Petrochemical industry in east China. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the petrochemical equipment and technology market in East China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  2. Industry sector analysis, Hong Kong: Air conditioning equipment. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the air conditioning equipment market in Hong Kong. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Hong Kong consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  3. Industry market research, China: Pollution control-noise pollution. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The market survey covers the noise pollution control equipment and instruments market in China. The analysis contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Chinese consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation, and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). It also contains key contact information and information on upcoming trade events related to the industry.

  4. 18 CFR 154.208 - Service of tariff filings on customers and other parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Service of tariff filings on...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...Tariffs § 154.208 Service of tariff filings...

  5. 18 CFR 154.208 - Service of tariff filings on customers and other parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Service of tariff filings on...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...Tariffs § 154.208 Service of tariff filings...

  6. 18 CFR 154.208 - Service of tariff filings on customers and other parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Service of tariff filings on...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...Tariffs § 154.208 Service of tariff filings...

  7. 18 CFR 154.208 - Service of tariff filings on customers and other parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Service of tariff filings on...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...Tariffs § 154.208 Service of tariff filings...

  8. 18 CFR 154.208 - Service of tariff filings on customers and other parties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Service of tariff filings on...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...Tariffs § 154.208 Service of tariff filings...

  9. 14 CFR 221.163 - Agents' and other carriers' tariffs shall reflect adoption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...other carriers' tariffs shall reflect adoption. 221.163 Section 221.163 Aeronautics... ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Adoption Publications Required To Show Change...other carriers' tariffs shall reflect adoption. If the former carrier is...

  10. 46 CFR 520.9 - Access to tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...networks (“PSTN”); or (2) The Internet (Web) by: (i) Web browser; or...bank meet the minimum speed. (c) Internet connection. (1) This connection...universal resource locator (“URL”) Internet address (e.g.,...

  11. FEED-IN TARIFFS AND OFFSHORE WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT

    E-print Network

    Firestone, Jeremy

    FEED-IN TARIFFS AND OFFSHORE WIND POWER DEVELOPMENT Prepared by Jon Lilley, Blaise Sheridan, Dawn........................................................................................................................ 28 #12; 3 Feed-in Tariffs and Offshore Wind Power Development Prepared Pursuant to DOE Grant Em-Powering Center for Carbon-free Power Integration (CCPI) Final Report November 2010 Prepared under a grant (DE

  12. Optimal Tariffs and Subsidies And Changes in Markets Structure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dominik Egli; Frank Westermann

    2000-01-01

    We present a unified treatment of optimal trade policy for a small country. The well-known results for duopoly and competitive markets emerge as benchmark cases of our model. In addition, we show that changes in market structure have non-monotonic effects on optimal tariffs. Our results suggest that the recent reduction of tariffs in Eastern Europe is consistent with welfare maximizing

  13. Optimal Tariffs and Subsidies and Changes in Market Structure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dominik Egli; Frank Westermann

    2004-01-01

    AbstractThe paper presents a unified treatment of optimal trade policy for a small country. The well-known results for duopoly and competitive markets emerge as benchmark cases of the authors’ model. In addition, it is shown that changes in market structure have nonmonotonic effects on optimal tariffs. The results suggest that the recent reduction of tariffs in eastern Europe is consistent

  14. 77 FR 25732 - Tuna-Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-01

    ...Tariff-Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2012 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2012; correction...rates for tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2012. Inadvertently, no CBP...

  15. Effects of accelerated tariff liberalization on the forest products sector: a global modeling approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shushuai Zhu; Joseph Buongiorno; David J. Brooks

    2001-01-01

    The objective of this study was to project the effects on the world forest sector of eliminating quickly all import tariffs. The projections were done for two scenarios: (1) progressive tariff reduction according to the current schedule of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; (2) complete elimination of all tariffs within the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) countries. The projections

  16. A Tariff for Reactive Power - IEEE

    SciTech Connect

    Kueck, John D [ORNL; Tufon, Christopher [Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Isemonger, Alan [California Independent System Operator; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL

    2008-11-01

    This paper describes a suggested tariff or payment for the local supply of reactive power from distributed energy resources. The authors consider four sample customers, and estimate the cost of supply of reactive power for each customer. The power system savings from the local supply of reactive power are also estimated for a hypothetical circuit. It is found that reactive power for local voltage regulation could be supplied to the distribution system economically by customers when new inverters are installed. The inverter would be supplied with a power factor of 0.8, and would be capable of local voltage regulation to a schedule supplied by the utility. Inverters are now installed with photovoltaic systems, fuel cells and microturbines, and adjustable-speed motor drives.

  17. Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries

    E-print Network

    Sakhrani, Vivek

    2010-07-01

    The study is motivated by the question “what is the optimal tariff design?” While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in ...

  18. 49 CFR 1310.6 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT...1), carriers may assess charges for furnishing copies of tariff...to interested persons. If a charge is made, the charge must be reasonable, and...

  19. 49 CFR 1310.6 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT...1), carriers may assess charges for furnishing copies of tariff...to interested persons. If a charge is made, the charge must be reasonable, and...

  20. 49 CFR 1310.6 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT...1), carriers may assess charges for furnishing copies of tariff...to interested persons. If a charge is made, the charge must be reasonable, and...

  1. 49 CFR 1310.6 - Furnishing copies of tariff publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT...1), carriers may assess charges for furnishing copies of tariff...to interested persons. If a charge is made, the charge must be reasonable, and...

  2. Tariff-based analysis of commercial building electricityprices

    SciTech Connect

    Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Rosenquist, Greg J.; VanBuskirk, Robert D.; McMahon, James E.

    2008-03-28

    This paper presents the results of a survey and analysis ofelectricity tariffs and marginal electricity prices for commercialbuildings. The tariff data come from a survey of 90 utilities and 250tariffs for non-residential customers collected in 2004 as part of theTariff Analysis Project at LBNL. The goals of this analysis are toprovide useful summary data on the marginal electricity prices commercialcustomers actually see, and insight into the factors that are mostimportant in determining prices under different circumstances. We providea new, empirically-based definition of several marginal prices: theeffective marginal price and energy-only anddemand-only prices, andderive a simple formula that expresses the dependence of the effectivemarginal price on the marginal load factor. The latter is a variable thatcan be used to characterize the load impacts of a particular end-use orefficiency measure. We calculate all these prices for eleven regionswithin the continental U.S.

  3. 78 FR 24430 - Tuna-Tariff Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2013 Tuna Classifiable Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-25

    ...Rate Quota; the Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2013 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2013...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

  4. 19 CFR 10.818 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.818 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A fabric,...

  5. 19 CFR 10.607 - Goods eligible for tariff preference level claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.607 Goods eligible for tariff preference level...

  6. 19 CFR 10.606 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.606 Filing of claim for tariff preference...

  7. 49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

  8. 49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

  9. 49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

  10. 49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

  11. 49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

  12. 49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

  13. 49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

  14. 49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

  15. 49 CFR 1312.2 - Requirement to publish and file a tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.2 Requirement to publish and file a tariff. (a)...

  16. 49 CFR 1312.3 - Tariff contents and standards; Essential criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AND SERVICE TERMS REGULATIONS FOR THE PUBLICATION, POSTING AND FILING OF TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC TRADE § 1312.3 Tariff contents and standards; Essential...

  17. 19 CFR 10.520 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.520 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton...

  18. 78 FR 13011 - Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Publication Exemption

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ...Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Publication Exemption AGENCY...carriers that agree to negotiated rate arrangements (NRAs). The extension of the exemption...Operating Common Carrier Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Publication Exemption....

  19. 18 CFR 35.1 - Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01...tariffs and certain service agreements. 35...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...tariffs and certain service agreements....

  20. 18 CFR 35.1 - Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01...tariffs and certain service agreements. 35...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...tariffs and certain service agreements....

  1. 18 CFR 35.1 - Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01...tariffs and certain service agreements. 35...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...tariffs and certain service agreements....

  2. 18 CFR 35.1 - Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01...tariffs and certain service agreements. 35...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...tariffs and certain service agreements....

  3. 18 CFR 35.1 - Application; obligation to file rate schedules, tariffs and certain service agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01...tariffs and certain service agreements. 35...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION...tariffs and certain service agreements....

  4. 19 CFR 10.606 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY...Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff...Level § 10.606 Filing of claim for tariff...

  5. 19 CFR 10.606 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY...Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff...Level § 10.606 Filing of claim for tariff...

  6. 19 CFR 10.606 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY...Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff...Level § 10.606 Filing of claim for tariff...

  7. 19 CFR 10.606 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY...Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff...Level § 10.606 Filing of claim for tariff...

  8. 14 CFR 221.161 - Notice of adoption to be filed in former carrier's tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Notice of adoption to be filed in former carrier's tariffs... ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Adoption Publications Required To Show Change...Operating Control § 221.161 Notice of adoption to be filed in former carrier's...

  9. 14 CFR 221.161 - Notice of adoption to be filed in former carrier's tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false Notice of adoption to be filed in former carrier's tariffs... ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Adoption Publications Required To Show Change...Operating Control § 221.161 Notice of adoption to be filed in former carrier's...

  10. 19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

  11. 19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

  12. 19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

  13. 19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

  14. 19 CFR 10.420 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.420 Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A...

  15. United States Imposes Penalty Tariffs on the European Union

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Missner, Emily D.

    Starting this week, American gourmets may find the prices of imported goods such as Roquefort cheese, truffles, and goose pate skyrocketing, as the United States's stiff penalty tariff on European exports goes into effect. This week's In The News looks at looks at the history of, reasoning behind, and effects of these tariffs. In 1988, the European Union banned the import of US beef, citing that hormones injected into the animals could cause cancer. Earlier this year, however, the World Trade Organization ruled that the EU's reasoning for the ban was unfounded and allowed the US up to $116.8 million a year of penalty tariffs on European Union exports. The following seven resources provide documents, news, background information, and commentary on this issue.

  16. Which biofuel market does the ethanol tariff protect? Implications for social welfare and GHG emissions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christine Lasco Crago; Madhu Khanna

    2011-01-01

    The ethanol tariff is one of the instruments used by the government to encourage domestic ethanol production. Existing literature analyzing the market and welfare effects of the US ethanol tariff has concluded that removing the tariff would increase social surplus and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, due to the replacement of corn ethanol with lower cost and lower GHG intensive

  17. 29 CFR 4.118 - Contracts for carriage subject to published tariff rates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...true Contracts for carriage subject to published tariff rates. 4.118 Section 4...118 Contracts for carriage subject to published tariff rates. The Act, in paragraph...railway line or oil or gas pipeline where published tariff rates are in...

  18. 76 FR 61472 - Revised Fiscal Year 2011 Tariff-Rate Quota Allocations for Refined Sugar

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ...Tariff-Rate Quota Allocations for Refined Sugar AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade...tariff-rate quota (TRQ) for imported refined sugar for entry through November 30, 2011...tariff-rate quota for imports of refined sugar. Section 404(d)(3) of the...

  19. 9 CFR 201.17 - Requirements for filing tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Requirements for filing tariffs. 201.17 Section 201.17 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS PROGRAMS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS...amendments must be conspicuously posted for public inspection at the stockyard, and filed with the regional supervisor, at least 10 days before their......

  20. Taxes, Tariffs and Transfer Pricing in Multinational Corporate Decision Making

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry Grubert; John Mutti

    1991-01-01

    Three interrelated aspects of U.S. multinational corporation activity are analyzed here: the ability to shift profits from high-tax countries to low-tax countries; the impact of host country taxes and tariffs on the distribution of real capital; and the influence of these policies on international trade patterns of the United States and host countries. The cross-sectional empirical analysis indicates that the

  1. Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under VariousElectricity Tariffs

    SciTech Connect

    Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

    2007-05-01

    The on-site generation of electricity can offer buildingowners and occupiers financial benefits as well as social benefits suchas reduced grid congestion, improved energy efficiency, and reducedgreenhouse gas emissions. Combined heat and power (CHP), or cogeneration,systems make use of the waste heat from the generator for site heatingneeds. Real-time optimal dispatch of CHP systems is difficult todetermine because of complicated electricity tariffs and uncertainty inCHP equipment availability, energy prices, and system loads. Typically,CHP systems use simple heuristic control strategies. This paper describesa method of determining optimal control in real-time and applies it to alight industrial site in San Diego, California, to examine: 1) the addedbenefit of optimal over heuristic controls, 2) the price elasticity ofthe system, and 3) the site-attributable greenhouse gas emissions, allunder three different tariff structures. Results suggest that heuristiccontrols are adequate under the current tariff structure and relativelyhigh electricity prices, capturing 97 percent of the value of thedistributed generation system. Even more value could be captured bysimply not running the CHP system during times of unusually high naturalgas prices. Under hypothetical real-time pricing of electricity,heuristic controls would capture only 70 percent of the value ofdistributed generation.

  2. District Heating Systems Performance Analyses. Heat Energy Tariff

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ziemele, Jelena; Vigants, Girts; Vitolins, Valdis; Blumberga, Dagnija; Veidenbergs, Ivars

    2014-12-01

    The paper addresses an important element of the European energy sector: the evaluation of district heating (DH) system operations from the standpoint of increasing energy efficiency and increasing the use of renewable energy resources. This has been done by developing a new methodology for the evaluation of the heat tariff. The paper presents an algorithm of this methodology, which includes not only a data base and calculation equation systems, but also an integrated multi-criteria analysis module using MADM/MCDM (Multi-Attribute Decision Making / Multi-Criteria Decision Making) based on TOPSIS (Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to Ideal Solution). The results of the multi-criteria analysis are used to set the tariff benchmarks. The evaluation methodology has been tested for Latvian heat tariffs, and the obtained results show that only half of heating companies reach a benchmark value equal to 0.5 for the efficiency closeness to the ideal solution indicator. This means that the proposed evaluation methodology would not only allow companies to determine how they perform with regard to the proposed benchmark, but also to identify their need to restructure so that they may reach the level of a low-carbon business.

  3. Industry sector analysis, Mexico: Water pollution instruments, equipment, and services. Export Trade Information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-09-01

    The Industry Sector Analyses (I.S.A.) for water pollution instruments equipment and service contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users, receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products, the competitive situation - Mexican production, total import market, U.S. market position, foreign competition, and competitive factors, and market access - Mexican tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes and distribution channels. The I.S.A. provides the United States industry with meaningful information regarding the Mexican market for water pollution instruments, equipment and services.

  4. Industry sector analysis Mexico: Air pollution equipment. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Ceron, F.

    1992-10-01

    The Industry Sector Analyses (I.S.A.) for pollution control equipment contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users, receptivity of Mexican consumers to U.S. products, the competitive situation - Mexican production, total import market, U.S. market position, foreign competition, and competitive factors, and market access - Mexican tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes and distribution channels. The I.S.A. provides the United States industry with meaningful information regarding the Mexican market for pollution control equipment.

  5. Industry sector analysis Canada: Natural gas pipeline development. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Stark, T.

    1992-08-01

    The analysis focuses on the Canadian natural gas pipeline industry and covers all inputs to natural gas pipeline construction and expansion projects: pipe, compressors, engineering services, tools, miscellaneous industrial supplies, and equipment rental. The Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Canadian consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation (Canadian production, total import market, U.S. market position, foreign competition, competitive factors), and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). The ISA also contains Key Contact information.

  6. Was It Stolper-Samuelson, Infant Industry or Something Else? World Trade Tariffs 1789-1938

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey G. Williamson

    2003-01-01

    This paper uses history to explore the empirical content of two determinants of tariff policy that have a long pedigree: the Stolper-Samuelson corollary to the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem, and the infant-industry argument for protection. It reports a set of world tariff facts for the 150 years between 1789 and 1938 that have not been well appreciated. First, tariff rates varied enormously

  7. Environmental and international tariffs in a mixed duopoly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferreira, Fernanda A.; Ferreira, Flávio

    2013-10-01

    In this paper, we study the effects of environmental and trade policies in an international mixed duopoly serving two markets, in which the public firm maximizes the sum of consumer surplus and its profit. We also analyse the effects of privatization. The model has two stages. In the first stage, governments choose environmental taxes and import tariffs, simultaneously. Then, the firms engage in a Cournot competition, choosing output levels for the domestic market and to export. We compare the results obtained in the three different ways of moving on the decision make of the firms.

  8. 75 FR 22418 - The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2010 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading 1604.14.22...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-28

    ...Tariff-Rate Quota The Tariff-Rate Quota for Calendar Year 2010 Tuna Classifiable Under Subheading...quantity of tuna in airtight containers for Calendar Year 2010...airtight containers during the preceding Calendar Year. This document sets forth the...

  9. 19 CFR 132.18 - License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. ...License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. (a) Requirement. For worsted wool fabric that is entered under HTSUS...

  10. 19 CFR 132.18 - License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. ...License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. (a) Requirement. For worsted wool fabric that is entered under HTSUS...

  11. 19 CFR 132.18 - License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. ...License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. (a) Requirement. For worsted wool fabric that is entered under HTSUS...

  12. 19 CFR 132.18 - License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. ...License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. (a) Requirement. For worsted wool fabric that is entered under HTSUS...

  13. 19 CFR 132.18 - License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. ...License for certain worsted wool fabric subject to tariff-rate quota. (a) Requirement. For worsted wool fabric that is entered under HTSUS...

  14. Market and behavioral barriers to energy efficiency: A preliminary evaluation of the case for tariff financing in California

    E-print Network

    Fujita, K. Sydny

    2012-01-01

    new and 20- to 30-year-old appliances, appliance prices, and California energy costs, I estimate whether tariff financingnew energy efficiency measures in the absence of utility rebates and the tariff financing

  15. Agricultural Market Access Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in early 1999, the Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD) is a joint effort by Agriculture and AgriFood Canada, EU Commission - Agriculture Directorate-General, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, The World Bank, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and United States Department of Agriculture - Economic Research Service. AMAD was created in order to "provide a common data set on tariffs, TRQs and imports, as well as the tools for researchers, policymakers, and others to use in analyzing levels of tariff protection in agriculture among WTO Members." Users begin by selecting a region on a map; from there they can narrow their search by country, and the database will generate a data set on that country. AMAD also provides a 30-page User's Guide which helps explain the purpose and uses of the database, as well as helping to decipher some of the information contained in AMAD. At present, not all countries worldwide can be accessed through this database. AMAD, however, promises to continue to expand.

  16. 14 CFR 372.25 - Tariffs to be filed for charter trips.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Tariffs to be filed for charter trips. 372.25 Section 372.25 Aeronautics...25 Tariffs to be filed for charter trips. Effective October 1, 1972, a charter...sell, solicit or advertise, any charter trips unless such operator shall have on...

  17. 7 CFR Appendices 1-3 to Subpart - Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Supersedure of Import Regulation 1, Revision 7. Pt. 6, Subpt., Apps. 1-3 Appendices 1-3 to Subpart—Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Articles Subject to: Appendix 1,...

  18. 7 CFR Appendices 1-3 to Subpart - Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Supersedure of Import Regulation 1, Revision 7. Pt. 6, Subpt., Apps. 1-3 Appendices 1-3 to Subpart—Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Articles Subject to: Appendix 1,...

  19. 7 CFR Appendices 1-3 to Subpart - Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Supersedure of Import Regulation 1, Revision 7. Pt. 6, Subpt., Apps. 1-3 Appendices 1-3 to Subpart—Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Articles Subject to: Appendix 1,...

  20. 7 CFR Appendices 1-3 to Subpart - Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Supersedure of Import Regulation 1, Revision 7. Pt. 6, Subpt., Apps. 1-3 Appendices 1-3 to Subpart—Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing Articles Subject To: Appendix 1,...

  1. Minimum feasible tariff model for BOT water supply projects in Malaysia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheng Lianyu; Robert L. K. Tiong

    2005-01-01

    A key issue in implementing water supply projects based on the build, operate and transfer approach is risk allocation. Project risks should be allocated to the best competent party through proper contractual arrangements or through government support so as to achieve a low water tariff. The details of tariff design in BOT water supply projects are identified, and a minimum

  2. 76 FR 61074 - USDA Increases the Fiscal Year 2011 Tariff-Rate Quota for Refined Sugar

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ...Fiscal Year 2011 Tariff-Rate Quota for Refined Sugar...Agriculture today announced an increase in the fiscal year...refined sugar tariff-rate quota (TRQ) of 136...Secretary today announced an increase in the FY 2011 refined...an ongoing basis. * Conversion factor: 1 metric...

  3. The Impact of the Russian Log Export Tariff on the Global Market for Logs and Lumber

    E-print Network

    announced its plan to implement a series of log export tariffs designed to reduce the export of raw logsThe Impact of the Russian Log Export Tariff on the Global Market for Logs and Lumber CINTRAFOR News moved to restrict the export of unprocessed logs. On February 5th, 2007, the Russian government

  4. 7 CFR Appendices 1, 2 and 3 to... - Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota Licensing

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Quota Licensing 1, Appendices 1, 2 and 3 to Subpart Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture IMPORT QUOTAS AND FEES Dairy Tariff-Rate Import Quota...Regulation 1, Revision 7. Appendices 1, 2 and 3 to Subpart—Dairy Tariff-Rate...

  5. 49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. 1312.10 Section 1312...10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. Every publication filed...clearly identify such changes and their nature (whether an increase or decrease in...

  6. 49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...false Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. 1312.10 Section 1312...10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. Every publication filed...clearly identify such changes and their nature (whether an increase or decrease in...

  7. 49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. 1312.10 Section 1312...10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. Every publication filed...clearly identify such changes and their nature (whether an increase or decrease in...

  8. 49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. 1312.10 Section 1312...10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. Every publication filed...clearly identify such changes and their nature (whether an increase or decrease in...

  9. 49 CFR 1312.10 - Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. 1312.10 Section 1312...10 Notification of tariff changes and nature of changes. Every publication filed...clearly identify such changes and their nature (whether an increase or decrease in...

  10. An Economic Perspective on Russia's Accession to the WTO

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert M. Stern

    2002-01-01

    Russia's application for accession to the WTO is currently in its final phases and may be completed by the end of 2003. In this context, this paper provides some background information on Russia's recent policy and structural reforms, the composition and geographic distribution of trade, tariff rates by commodity groups, and other aspects of trade and domestic policies at issue

  11. ACCESSIBILITY ACCESSIBLE PARKING

    E-print Network

    Gera, Ralucca

    O ACCESSIBILITY ELEVATOR ACCESSIBLE PARKING ACCESSIBLE ENTRY CURB CUT PARKING GARAGE PARKING GARAGE........................ 45 Communications Museum ........................... 22 Computer Science.................................................... 80 Development................................................ 12 Dining Services

  12. Open Access Transmission and Renewable Energy Technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Porter, K.

    1996-09-01

    In April 1996, the Federal Regulatory Commission (PERC) approved Orders 888 and 889 and released a draft rule for public comment on capacity reservation tariffs (CRTs). Order No. 888 requires electric utilities to file transmission tariffs that would allow transmission access to third parties who want to conduct wholesale transactions, and Order No. 889 requires transmission-owning utilities to set up open access, same-time information systems (OASIS), using commercial software and Internet protocols. This paper discusses these Orders in detail, as well as some of the issues before FERC with implications for renewables, which include: transmission pricing; transmission terms and conditions; reassignment of transmission capacity; defining state and FERC jurisdiction over transmission and distribution; the pricing of ancillary services; and the adoption and implementation of independent system operators.

  13. 18 CFR 35.47 - Tariff provisions regarding credit practices in organized wholesale electric markets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...credit practices in organized wholesale electric markets. 35.47 Section 35.47...Credit Practices In Organized Wholesale Electric Markets § 35.47 Tariff provisions...credit practices in organized wholesale electric markets. Each organized...

  14. 19 CFR 10.803 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.803 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  15. 19 CFR 10.819 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...are wholly formed in the territory of Bahrain from yarn produced or obtained outside the territory of Bahrain or the United States;...

  16. 75 FR 10818 - Proposed Modifications to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-09

    ...gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David Beck, Director, Office of Tariff Affairs and Trade Agreements (202-205-2603, fax 202-205-2616, david.beck@usitc.gov). The media should contact Margaret O'Laughlin, Office of External...

  17. 14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...the filer terminate its business or cease filing tariffs...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, contemporaneously...the cessation of such business, a complete copy of...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, all...

  18. 14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...the filer terminate its business or cease filing tariffs...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, contemporaneously...the cessation of such business, a complete copy of...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, all...

  19. 14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...the filer terminate its business or cease filing tariffs...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, contemporaneously...the cessation of such business, a complete copy of...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, all...

  20. 14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...the filer terminate its business or cease filing tariffs...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, contemporaneously...the cessation of such business, a complete copy of...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, all...

  1. 14 CFR 221.180 - Requirements for electronic filing of tariffs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...the filer terminate its business or cease filing tariffs...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, contemporaneously...the cessation of such business, a complete copy of...other mutually acceptable electronic medium, all...

  2. 19 CFR 10.583 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.583 Filing of claim for preferential tariff...

  3. 19 CFR 10.1003 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.1003 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  4. 19 CFR 10.1003 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.1003 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  5. 19 CFR 10.1003 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.1003 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  6. 49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

  7. 49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

  8. 49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

  9. 49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

  10. 49 CFR 1312.9 - Statement of tariff application and other title page requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...TARIFFS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF PROPERTY BY OR WITH A WATER CARRIER IN NONCONTIGUOUS DOMESTIC...content. EXAMPLES: (a) Local water carrier rates on FREIGHT, ALL...States. (b) Joint motor/water commodity rates in...

  11. 19 CFR 10.521 - Goods eligible for tariff preference level claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...and sewn or otherwise assembled in Singapore from fabric or yarn produced or obtained outside the territory of Singapore or the United States, and that...

  12. 19 CFR 10.510 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.510 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  13. 77 FR 33971 - Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carriers Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Filing Exemption

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ...Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carriers Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Filing Exemption AGENCY...regulations which govern negotiated rate arrangements. The rule eliminates some recordkeeping...entering into a ``negotiated rate arrangement'' (NRA). Commission Docket...

  14. 78 FR 42886 - Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Publication Exemption

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-18

    ...Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Publication Exemption AGENCY...carriers that agree to negotiated rate arrangements. DATES: Effective date: This Final...532, titled NVOCC Negotiated Rate Arrangements, licensed...

  15. 76 FR 80866 - Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carriers Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Filing Exemption

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ...Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carriers Negotiated Rate Arrangements; Tariff Filing Exemption AGENCY: Federal...entering into a ``negotiated rate arrangement'' (NRA).\\1...defined as ``a written and binding arrangement between a shipper and an eligible...

  16. 18 CFR 154.112 - Exception to form and composition of tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Form and Composition...pursuant to part 157 of this chapter, such as for the exchange of natural gas. The special rate schedule must contain a...

  17. 18 CFR 154.112 - Exception to form and composition of tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Form and Composition...pursuant to part 157 of this chapter, such as for the exchange of natural gas. The special rate schedule must contain a...

  18. 18 CFR 154.112 - Exception to form and composition of tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Form and Composition...pursuant to part 157 of this chapter, such as for the exchange of natural gas. The special rate schedule must contain a...

  19. 18 CFR 154.112 - Exception to form and composition of tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS ACT RATE SCHEDULES AND TARIFFS Form and Composition...pursuant to part 157 of this chapter, such as for the exchange of natural gas. The special rate schedule must contain a...

  20. 76 FR 27657 - Notice of Domestic Interested Party Petitioner's Desire To Contest the Tariff Classification...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection [USCBP-2009-0036...of Domestic Interested Party Petitioner's Desire To Contest the Tariff Classification...Determination of Wickless Wax Objects AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection,...

  1. 19 CFR 10.763 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.763 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  2. 19 CFR 10.607 - Goods eligible for tariff preference level claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY...Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff...claim filed under § 10.606 of this subpart: (a)...

  3. 19 CFR 10.607 - Goods eligible for tariff preference level claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY...Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement Tariff...claim filed under § 10.606 of this subpart: (a)...

  4. 19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  5. 19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  6. 19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  7. 19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  8. 19 CFR 10.410 - Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon importation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.410 Filing of claim for preferential tariff treatment upon...

  9. Comparison of feed-in tariff, quota and auction mechanisms to support wind power development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lucy Butler; Karsten Neuhoff

    2008-01-01

    A comparison of support schemes for market-based deployment of renewable energy in the UK and Germany shows that the feed-in tariff reduces costs to consumers and results in larger deployment. A survey among project developers suggests two explanations: (1) Site selection presents the biggest obstacle under the feed-in tariff. Uncertain financing of other schemes reduces efforts at initial project stages

  10. How will the reduction of tariffs and taxes on insecticide- treated bednets affect household purchases?

    PubMed Central

    Simon, Jonathon L.; Larson, Bruce A.; Zusman, Alexander; Rosen, Sydney

    2002-01-01

    One of the steps called for in the fight against malaria is the removal of tariffs and taxes on insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), netting materials, and insecticides, with a view to reducing the retail prices of ITNs and thus increasing utilization. In this paper we develop an approach for analysing the extent to which reform of tariff and tax policy can be expected to increase ITN purchases. We consider the following questions: (1). How much does the retail price of ITNs change if tariffs and taxes are reduced or eliminated? (2). How responsive is consumer demand to changes in the retail price of ITNs? Data on the price elasticity of demand for ITNs are very limited. Nevertheless, they suggest that ITN demand is not highly responsive to lower prices if household preferences are held constant. The reduction in retail prices associated with the removal of tariffs and taxes depends on the structure of the market in individual countries. In Nigeria, reducing the tariff on insecticides from 42% to zero and the tariff on netting materials from 40% to 5% is expected to increase ITN purchases by 9-27%, depending on the elasticity used. Country-specific information about market structure and cost conditions is needed if predictions are to be made as to how a specific policy change will affect ITN purchases. PMID:12481212

  11. Web Accessibility Accessibility

    E-print Network

    Oklahoma, University of

    Web Accessibility #12;Accessibility Webaim This is a pre-y prolific site that vary based on the type of web content. StaFc, content managed and dynamic web sites can benefit from our accessibility review service. Rich media

  12. Policymaker's Guide to Feed-in Tariff Policy Design

    SciTech Connect

    Couture, T. D.; Cory, K.; Kreycik, C.; Williams, E.

    2010-07-01

    Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are the most widely used renewable energy policy in the world for driving accelerating renewable energy (RE) deployment, accounting for a greater share of RE development than either tax incentives or renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies. FITs have generated significant RE deployment, helping bring the countries that have implemented them successfully to the forefront of the global RE industry. In the European Union (EU), FIT policies have led to the deployment of more than 15,000 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) power and more than 55,000 MW of wind power between 2000 and the end of 2009. In total, FITs are responsible for approximately 75% of global PV and 45% of global wind deployment. Countries such as Germany, in particular, have demonstrated that FITs can be used as a powerful policy tool to drive RE deployment and help meet combined energy security and emissions reductions objectives. This policymaker's guide provides a detailed analysis of FIT policy design and implementation and identifies a set of best practices that have been effective at quickly stimulating the deployment of large amounts of RE generation. Although the discussion is aimed primarily at decision makers who have decided that a FIT policy best suits their needs, exploration of FIT policies can also help inform a choice among alternative renewable energy policies.

  13. Innovative Feed-In Tariff Designs that Limit Policy Costs

    SciTech Connect

    Kreycik, C.; Couture, T. D.; Cory, K. S.

    2011-06-01

    Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are the most prevalent renewable energy policy used globally to date, and there are many benefits to the certainty offered in the marketplace to reduce development risks and associated financing costs and to grow the renewable energy industry. However, concerns over escalating costs in jurisdictions with FIT policies have led to increased attention on cost control in renewable energy policy design. In recent years, policy mechanisms for containing FIT costs have become more refined, allowing policymakers to exert greater control on policy outcomes and on the resulting costs to ratepayers. As policymakers and regulators in the United States begin to explore the use of FITs, careful consideration must be given to the ways in which policy design can be used to balance the policies' advantages while bounding its costs. This report explores mechanisms that policymakers have implemented to limit FIT policy costs. If designed clearly and transparently, such mechanisms can align policymaker and market expectations for project deployment. Three different policy tools are evaluated: (1) caps, (2) payment level adjustment mechanisms, and (3) auction-based designs. The report employs case studies to explore the strengths and weaknesses of these three cost containment tools. These tools are then evaluated with a set of criteria including predictability for policymakers and the marketplace and the potential for unintended consequences.

  14. 18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...operator or regional transmission organization may...operator or regional transmission organization with a hybrid Market Monitoring...mitigation, in which case it must assign to...operator or regional transmission organization...

  15. 18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...operator or regional transmission organization may...operator or regional transmission organization with a hybrid Market Monitoring...mitigation, in which case it must assign to...operator or regional transmission organization...

  16. 18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...applicant in a Federal Power Act (FPA) section 211...on Interconnection for Wind Energy), and the standard...on Interconnection for Wind Energy required by the...on Interconnection for Wind Energy), or the standard...supplemental reserves, reactive power and voltage...

  17. 18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...applicant in a Federal Power Act (FPA) section 211...on Interconnection for Wind Energy), and the standard...on Interconnection for Wind Energy required by the...on Interconnection for Wind Energy), or the standard...supplemental reserves, reactive power and voltage...

  18. 18 CFR 35.28 - Non-discriminatory open access transmission tariff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...applicant in a Federal Power Act (FPA) section 211...on Interconnection for Wind Energy), and the standard...on Interconnection for Wind Energy required by the...on Interconnection for Wind Energy), or the standard...supplemental reserves, reactive power and voltage...

  19. Encouraging vehicle-to-grid (V2G) participation through premium tariff rates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richardson, David B.

    2013-12-01

    The provision of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services to an electric grid by electric vehicles (EVs) can potentially reduce the cost of vehicle ownership through revenue generation. Recent studies indicate that yearly vehicle profit from V2G may not be sufficient to induce widespread participation. This paper investigates the feasibility of a premium tariff rate for V2G power, similar to current feed-in-tariff (FIT) programs for renewable energy. Using Ontario, Canada as a case study, an hourly time-series model for a fleet of commuter EVs is created. Tariff rates for V2G peak power are calculated based on the same return on investment as the current FIT for renewable energy in Ontario. The tariff rates are competitive with the renewable energy tariffs, especially when EVs are allowed to provide ancillary services to the grid in addition to peak power. Despite the guaranteed rate of return, yearly vehicle profit is low. Two variations are considered to increase vehicle profit, thereby enhancing the attractiveness of V2G. A higher return on investment is favored over direct benefits offered to EV owners. A higher return on investment may be justifiable based on the higher level of risk inherent in V2G when compared to renewable energy.

  20. Industry sector analysis Canada: Water pollution control equipment and instrumentation. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Bryan, T.; Lee, S.

    1992-08-01

    U.S. suppliers of water pollution control equipment are in a prime position to benefit from Canadian industries' needs to modernize equipment in order to comply with tough, new legislation to control water pollution. In selling to the Canadian market, U.S. suppliers clearly benefit from the advantages of advanced technical know-how, proximity to the market, and reduced tariffs under the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement (CFTA). The Industry Sector Analysis (ISA) contains statistical and narrative information on projected market demand, end-users; receptivity of Canadian consumers to U.S. products; the competitive situation (Canadian production, total import market, U.S. market position, foreign competition, competitive factors), and market access (tariffs, non-tariff barriers, standards, taxes, distribution channels). The ISA also contains Key Contact information.

  1. Effects of reducing the deficit with an oil-import tariff

    SciTech Connect

    Schmidt, R.H.; Dunstan, R.H.

    1985-09-01

    Reducing the federal budget deficit with an oil import tariff would be more detrimental to the economy than would other commonly used tax policies. Although most taxes reduce economic growth by raising prices or lowering income, the magnitudes of the induced distortions are different for different tax policies. Simulations reveal that a broader-based tax that raises identical revenue, such as an income tax surcharge, has smaller adverse effects on GNP and inflation than does an oil import tariff. The simulations also show that an import tariff would provide short-term protection to the energy industry by raising energy prices, but the gains in the energy sector are dwarfed by the losses in the rest of the economy. 12 references, 4 figures.

  2. A Diffusion Model of an Induced Environmental Market: Reconciling WTP to actual adoption of green energy tariffs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivan Diaz-Rainey; Dionisia Tzavara

    2009-01-01

    This paper develops a ldquoDiffusion Model of an Induced Environmental Consumer Marketrdquo in an attempt to link the willingness to pay literature with the established innovation diffusion literature. This concern arises from an attempt to reconcile the large disparities that have been observed between actual adoption of green energy tariffs and willingness to pay for such tariffs. These disparities have

  3. Is combination of nodal pricing and average participation tariff the best solution to coordinate the location of power plants with lumpy transmission investments?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincent Rious; Philippe Dessante

    2008-01-01

    This paper evaluates the opportunity and efficiency to introduce a two-part tariff to coordinate the location of power plants with lumpy transmission investments. Nodal pricing sends the short run component of such a two-part tariff and we study the case where the average participation tariff sends the long run one. We argue that this solution is helpful because the average

  4. Taking advantage of ATM services and tariffs: the importance of transport layer dynamic rate adaptation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Klaus-Jurgen Schulz; Marco Incollingo; Hans K. Uhrig

    1997-01-01

    Modern network services provided by frame relay (FR) or asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) networks show a wide variety of service characteristics and related quality of service, which amounts to a tremendous diversity of tariff structures. One of the network provider's objectives is to maximize the chargeable utilization of the network. This is intended to be achieved by a traffic contract

  5. Mandates, Tax Credits, and Tariffs: Does the U.S. Biofuels Industry Need Them All?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce A. Babcock

    2010-01-01

    Expanded mandates under the Renewable Fuel Standard provide ethanol and biodiesel producers a guaranteed future market at volumes that exceed what they have produced in the past. Despite having these mandates in place, biofuel producers continue to support tax credits and ethanol import tariffs. An examination of how the new mandates will be implemented shows that biofuel producers will receive

  6. The Spread of Feed-In Tariff Legislation in Europe: A Diffusion of Innovation Study

    E-print Network

    Keller, Aaron Jacob

    2011-04-21

    ________________________________ Gary Reich _______________________________ Eric Hanley Date Defended: April 2011 ii The Thesis Committee for Aaron Jacob Keller certifies that this is the approved version of the following thesis... The Spread of Feed-In Tariff Legislation in Europe: A Diffusion of Innovation Study By ©2011 Aaron Jacob Keller Submitted to the graduate degree program in Global and International Studies and the Graduate Faculty...

  7. 78 FR 45597 - Modification of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States for Certain Cheeses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ...19, 20, 21, 22, 23, and 25 to Chapter 4 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) to reflect the enlargement of the European Union to 27 countries on January 1, 2007. DATES: Effective Date: This modification is effective on...

  8. Data Mining in Market Segmentation and Tariff Policy Design: A Telecommunication Case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xu Hong; Qian Gangyi

    2009-01-01

    A method for data mining by using K-means clustering analysis is employed to group consumers into segments by collecting historical data accumulated in business support systems of a telecommunication company. The study led to the identification of seven segments, each with a diverse combination of the segmentation variables. Findings provide implications for strategic choices to telecom operators. Validation of tariff

  9. MU FAPRI reports economic impact of extending ethanol tax credit, tariff Contact:Duane Dailey

    E-print Network

    Noble, James S.

    and associated 54-cent tariff on ethanol imports were studied by the MU Food and Agricultural Food and Policy from corn go up 1.2 billion gallons a year and corn prices rise 18 cents per bushel. Increased demand baseline of agricultural production to analyze effects of policy changes on farm income. "The baseline

  10. Trade Measures as Part of the Solution: How Compensatory Tariffs Can Help Save Endangered Sea Turtles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victor A. Menotti

    1994-01-01

    In an effort to continue the discussion of the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies' October conference on trade measures and the environment, this paper explores how one trade measure, compensatory tariffs, which has been suggested in theory but never put into practice, might be appropriately used in the current debate over preserving endangered sea turtles. In a

  11. 19 CFR 10.520 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or man-made fiber apparel good described in § 10.521...the HTSUS under which each non-originating cotton or man-made fiber apparel good is classified. For TPL...

  12. 19 CFR 10.520 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or man-made fiber apparel good described in § 10.521...the HTSUS under which each non-originating cotton or man-made fiber apparel good is classified. For TPL...

  13. 19 CFR 10.520 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or man-made fiber apparel good described in § 10.521...the HTSUS under which each non-originating cotton or man-made fiber apparel good is classified. For TPL...

  14. 19 CFR 10.520 - Filing of claim for tariff preference level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Filing of claim for tariff preference level. A cotton or man-made fiber apparel good described in § 10.521...the HTSUS under which each non-originating cotton or man-made fiber apparel good is classified. For TPL...

  15. Feed-in Tariff Policy: Design, Implementation, and RPS Policy Interactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karlynn Cory; Toby Couture; Claire Kreycik

    2009-01-01

    Feed-in tariff (FIT) policies are implemented in more than 40 countries around the world and are cited as the primary reason for the success of the German and Spanish renewable energy markets. As a result of that success, FIT policy proposals are starting to gain traction in several U.S. states and municipalities. Experience from Europe is also beginning to demonstrate

  16. 78 FR 17394 - Filing via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings; Revisions to Electric Quarterly Report Filing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-21

    ...ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket Nos. RM07-16-000; RM01-5-000; RM12-3-000] Filing via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings; Revisions to Electric Quarterly Report Filing Process; Notice of Technical Conference Take...

  17. 19 CFR 10.233 - Articles eligible for preferential tariff treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Articles eligible for preferential tariff treatment...SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED...Trade Partnership Act Non-Textile Articles Under the United States-Caribbean...

  18. 19 CFR 10.233 - Articles eligible for preferential tariff treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Articles eligible for preferential tariff treatment...SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED...Trade Partnership Act Non-Textile Articles Under the United States-Caribbean...

  19. 19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

  20. 19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

  1. 19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

  2. 19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

  3. 19 CFR 10.421 - Goods eligible for tariff preference claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the yarn used...they are wholly formed in the U.S. or Chile regardless of the origin of the...

  4. Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India

    SciTech Connect

    Abhyankar, Nikit; Phadke, Amol

    2011-01-20

    Large-scale EE programs would modestly increase tariffs but reduce consumers' electricity bills significantly. However, the primary benefit of EE programs is a significant reduction in power shortages, which might make these programs politically acceptable even if tariffs increase. To increase political support, utilities could pursue programs that would result in minimal tariff increases. This can be achieved in four ways: (a) focus only on low-cost programs (such as replacing electric water heaters with gas water heaters); (b) sell power conserved through the EE program to the market at a price higher than the cost of peak power purchase; (c) focus on programs where a partial utility subsidy of incremental capital cost might work and (d) increase the number of participant consumers by offering a basket of EE programs to fit all consumer subcategories and tariff tiers. Large scale EE programs can result in consistently negative cash flows and significantly erode the utility's overall profitability. In case the utility is facing shortages, the cash flow is very sensitive to the marginal tariff of the unmet demand. This will have an important bearing on the choice of EE programs in Indian states where low-paying rural and agricultural consumers form the majority of the unmet demand. These findings clearly call for a flexible, sustainable solution to the cash-flow management issue. One option is to include a mechanism like FAC in the utility incentive mechanism. Another sustainable solution might be to have the net program cost and revenue loss built into utility's revenue requirement and thus into consumer tariffs up front. However, the latter approach requires institutionalization of EE as a resource. The utility incentive mechanisms would be able to address the utility disincentive of forgone long-run return but have a minor impact on consumer benefits. Fundamentally, providing incentives for EE programs to make them comparable to supply-side investments is a way of moving the electricity sector toward a model focused on providing energy services rather than providing electricity.

  5. 77 FR 65439 - Implementation of United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Tariff-Rate Quota for Imports of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-26

    ...OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Implementation of United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Tariff-Rate...Imports of Sugar AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade Representative. ACTION:...

  6. 77 FR 24759 - Implementation of United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement Tariff-Rate Quota for Imports...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-25

    ...OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Implementation of United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement Tariff-Rate...Imports of Sugar AGENCY: Office of the United States Trade Representative. ACTION:...

  7. 75 FR 38805 - Filing Via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings Notice of Display of Time on Commission's...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-06

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. RM07-16-000; RM01-5-000] Filing Via the Internet; Electronic Tariff Filings Notice of Display of Time on Commission's Electronic Filing System June 28, 2010. Take...

  8. 'A major lobbying effort to change and unify the excise structure in six Central American countries': How British American Tobacco influenced tax and tariff rates in the Central American Common Market

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) may respond to processes of regional trade integration both by acting politically to influence policy and by reorganising their own operations. The Central American Common Market (CACM) was reinvigorated in the 1990s, reflecting processes of regional trade liberalisation in Latin America and globally. This study aimed to ascertain how British American Tobacco (BAT), which dominated the markets of the CACM, sought to influence policy towards it by member country governments and how the CACM process impacted upon BAT's operations. Methods The study analysed internal tobacco industry documents released as a result of litigation in the US and available from the online Legacy Tobacco Documents Library at http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/. Documents were retrieved by searching the BAT collection using key terms in an iterative process. Analysis was based on an interpretive approach involving a process of attempting to understand the meanings of individual documents and relating these to other documents in the set, identifying the central themes of documents and clusters of documents, contextualising the documentary data, and choosing representative material in order to present findings. Results Utilising its multinational character, BAT was able to act in a coordinated way across the member countries of the CACM to influence tariffs and taxes to its advantage. Documents demonstrate a high degree of access to governments and officials. The company conducted a coordinated, and largely successful, attempt to keep external tariff rates for cigarettes high and to reduce external tariffs for key inputs, whilst also influencing the harmonisation of excise taxes between countries. Protected by these high external tariffs, it reorganised its own operations to take advantage of regional economies of scale. In direct contradiction to arguments presented to CACM governments that affording the tobacco industry protection via high cigarette tariffs would safeguard employment, the company's regional reorganisation involved the loss of hundreds of jobs. Conclusions Regional integration organisations and their member states should be aware of the capacity of TTCs to act in a coordinated transnational manner to influence policy in their own interests, and coordinate their own public health and tax policies in a similarly effective way. PMID:21595921

  9. Renewable Energy Prices in State-Level Feed-in Tariffs: Federal Law Constraints and Possible Solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Hempling, S.; Elefant, C.; Cory, K.; Porter, K.

    2010-01-01

    State legislatures and state utility commissions trying to attract renewable energy projects are considering feed-in tariffs, which obligate retail utilities to purchase electricity from renewable producers under standard arrangements specifying prices, terms, and conditions. The use of feed-in tariffs simplifies the purchase process, provides revenue certainty to generators, and reduces the cost of financing generating projects. However, some argue that federal law--including the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) and the Federal Power Act of 1935 (FPA)--constrain state-level feed-in tariffs. This report seeks to reduce the legal uncertainties for states contemplating feed-in tariffs by explaining the constraints imposed by federal statutes. It describes the federal constraints, identifies transaction categories that are free of those constraints, and offers ways for state and federal policymakers to interpret or modify existing law to remove or reduce these constraints. This report proposes ways to revise these federal statutes. It creates a broad working definition of a state-level feed-in tariff. Given this definition, this report concludes there are paths to non-preempted, state-level feed-in tariffs under current federal law.

  10. Feed-in Tariff Policy: Design, Implementation, and RPS Policy Interactions

    SciTech Connect

    Cory, K.; Couture, T.; Kreycik, C.

    2009-03-01

    Feed-in tariff (FIT) policies are implemented in more than 40 countries around the world and are cited as the primary reason for the success of the German and Spanish renewable energy markets. As a result of that success, FIT policy proposals are starting to gain traction in several U.S. states and municipalities. Experience from Europe is also beginning to demonstrate that properly designed FITs may be more cost-effective than renewable portfolio standards (RPS), which make use of competitive solicitations. This article explores the design and operation of feed-in tariff policies, including a FIT policy definition, payment-structure options, and payment differentiation. The article also touches on the potential interactions between FIT policies and RPS policies at the state level.

  11. Transmission tariffs: Still pro forma? Locational pricing and the Federal Power Act

    SciTech Connect

    Teichler, S. [Metzger, Hollis, Gordon & Alprin, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-05-01

    The FERC asked for ideas. The power pools obliged-with models that sever all links with embedded cost. Two power tools-one existing, the other inchoate-have announced that they will file tariffs to price electric transmission as the difference in spot prices in the generation and consuming markets. Revenues in excess of embedded costs would be distributed to the holders of firm transmission rights through {open_quotes}transmission congestion contracts{close_quotes}(TCCs).

  12. Assessing DRG cost accounting with respect to resource allocation and tariff calculation: the case of Germany.

    PubMed

    Vogl, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the German diagnosis related groups (G-DRG) cost accounting scheme by assessing its resource allocation at hospital level and its tariff calculation at national level. First, the paper reviews and assesses the three steps in the G-DRG resource allocation scheme at hospital level: (1) the groundwork; (2) cost-center accounting; and (3) patient-level costing. Second, the paper reviews and assesses the three steps in G-DRG national tariff calculation: (1) plausibility checks; (2) inlier calculation; and (3) the "one hospital" approach. The assessment is based on the two main goals of G-DRG introduction: improving transparency and efficiency. A further empirical assessment attests high costing quality. The G-DRG cost accounting scheme shows high system quality in resource allocation at hospital level, with limitations concerning a managerially relevant full cost approach and limitations in terms of advanced activity-based costing at patient-level. However, the scheme has serious flaws in national tariff calculation: inlier calculation is normative, and the "one hospital" model causes cost bias, adjustment and representativeness issues. The G-DRG system was designed for reimbursement calculation, but developed to a standard with strategic management implications, generalized by the idea of adapting a hospital's cost structures to DRG revenues. This combination causes problems in actual hospital financing, although resource allocation is advanced at hospital level. PMID:22935314

  13. Availability Based Tariff and its impact On different Industry Players-A Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmukhe, R. M.; Pawar, Yogini; Desai, R. S.; Hasarmani, T. S.

    2010-10-01

    ABT is a performance-based tariff for the supply of electricity by generators owned and controlled by the central government. It is also a new system of scheduling and dispatch, which requires both generators and beneficiaries to commit to day-ahead schedules. It is a system of rewards and penalties seeking to enforce day ahead pre-committed schedules, though variations are permitted if notified One and one half hours in advance. The order emphasizes prompt payment of dues. ABT (Availability Based Tariff) along with the Electricity Act of 2003 is perhaps the most significant and definitive step taken in the Indian power sector so far to bring more efficiency and focus to this vital infrastructure. The ABT mechanism is based on financial principles. ABT scheme is for unscheduled interchange of power. The paper reviews ABT issues, its components, clauses, mechanism, benefits and the impact of grid on different players like generation utilities, grid operator, consumers involved in power generation, transmission and distribution. While the proposed tariff structure has wide implications for each player, this deals exclusively with the technology challenges/opportunities thrown up by ABT.

  14. UK organisation of access care.

    PubMed

    Wilmink, Teun; Powers, Sarah; Baharani, Jyoti

    2015-03-01

    National UK audits show that 73% of patients start renal replacement therapy (RRT) with haemodialysis (HD). However, 59% of those start HD on non-permanent access in the form of a tunnelled line (TL) or a non-tunnelled line (NTL), 40% on an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and 1% on an arteriovenous graft (AVG). After 3 months, the number of patients dialysing on AVF was only 41%. Late referrals, within 90 days of starting dialysis to the renal service, occur in one-fifth of all incident HD patients. Referral to a surgeon was an important determinant of mode of access at first dialysis. However, referral to a surgeon occurred in 67% of patients who were known to the nephrologist for over a year and in 46% of patients who were known to nephrology less than a year but more than 90 days. Best practice tariffs of the National Health Service (NHS) payment by results program have set a target of 75% of prevalent HD occurring via an AVF or AVG in 2011/2012, rising to 85% in 2013/2014. We suggest that this target is best achieved by increasing timely referral to a surgeon for creation of access before HD is needed. PMID:25751543

  15. An analysis of the effect of the Multilateral Trade Negotiations (MTN) on United States agriculture with primary emphasis on the southern states

    E-print Network

    Banos, Yanira

    1981-01-01

    . THEORETICAL ~ORE AND PROCEDURE 36 Theoretical Framework The Gains from Trade Economic Effects of the Tariff Import Quotas Other Non-Tariff Restrictions Procedure Assumptions Effect of Tariff Reductions Quota Relaxation Tariff Bindings The Share of U.... S. Agricultural Exports in the South and Texas Employment Effect and Final Demand Effect Description of the Data Trade Values Prices Domestic Consumption and Imports Price Elasticity of Demand MTN Concessions State's Share on U. S...

  16. Rationale and design of the health economics evaluation registry for remote follow-up: TARIFF

    PubMed Central

    Ricci, Renato P.; D'Onofrio, Antonio; Padeletti, Luigi; Sagone, Antonio; Vicentini, Alfredo; Vincenti, Antonio; Morichelli, Loredana; Cavallaro, Ciro; Ricciardi, Giuseppe; Lombardi, Leonida; Fusco, Antonio; Rovaris, Giovanni; Silvestri, Paolo; Guidotto, Tiziana; Pollastrelli, Annalisa; Santini, Massimo

    2012-01-01

    Aims The aims of the study are to develop a cost-minimization analysis from the hospital perspective and a cost-effectiveness analysis from the third payer standpoint, based on direct estimates of costs and QOL associated with remote follow-ups, using Merlin@home and Merlin.net, compared with standard ambulatory follow-ups, in the management of ICD and CRT-D recipients. Methods and results Remote monitoring systems can replace ambulatory follow-ups, sparing human and economic resources, and increasing patient safety. TARIFF is a prospective, controlled, observational study aimed at measuring the direct and indirect costs and quality of life (QOL) of all participants by a 1-year economic evaluation. A detailed set of hospitalized and ambulatory healthcare costs and losses of productivity that could be directly influenced by the different means of follow-ups will be collected. The study consists of two phases, each including 100 patients, to measure the economic resources consumed during the first phase, associated with standard ambulatory follow-ups, vs. the second phase, associated with remote follow-ups. Conclusion Remote monitoring systems enable caregivers to better ensure patient safety and the healthcare to limit costs. TARIFF will allow defining the economic value of remote ICD follow-ups for Italian hospitals, third payers, and patients. The TARIFF study, based on a cost-minimization analysis, directly comparing remote follow-up with standard ambulatory visits, will validate the cost effectiveness of the Merlin.net technology, and define a proper reimbursement schedule applicable for the Italian healthcare system. Trial registration: NCT01075516. PMID:22544910

  17. Avoiding and Managing Interruptions of Electric Service Under an Interruptible Contract or Tariff

    E-print Network

    Evans, G. W.

    . This situation is largely due to the glut of electric generating capacity that exists today in the United States - generally speaking, there is enough generation available to serve all firm customers and all interruptible customers most of the time. However... for large industrial customers and tariffs that require curtailments of usage have been commonplace in the electric industry for many years. According to NERC (4), approximately 2.5% (over 14,000 megawatts) of total U.S. demand in 1994 was interruptible...

  18. 19 CFR 162.23 - Seizure under section 596(c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). 162.23 Section 162.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). (a)...

  19. 19 CFR 162.23 - Seizure under section 596(c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). 162.23 Section 162.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). (a)...

  20. 19 CFR 162.23 - Seizure under section 596(c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). 162.23 Section 162.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). (a)...

  1. 19 CFR 162.23 - Seizure under section 596(c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). 162.23 Section 162.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). (a) Mandatory...

  2. 19 CFR 162.23 - Seizure under section 596(c), Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). 162.23 Section 162.23 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT...Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1595a(c)). (a) Mandatory...

  3. Scoring the Icecap-A Capability Instrument. Estimation of a UK General Population Tariff

    PubMed Central

    Flynn, Terry N; Huynh, Elisabeth; Peters, Tim J; Al-Janabi, Hareth; Clemens, Sam; Moody, Alison; Coast, Joanna

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a best–worst scaling (BWS) study to value the Investigating Choice Experiments Capability Measure for Adults (ICECAP-A), a new capability measure among adults, in a UK setting. A main effects plan plus its foldover was used to estimate weights for each of the four levels of all five attributes. The BWS study was administered to 413 randomly sampled individuals, together with sociodemographic and other questions. Scale-adjusted latent class analyses identified two preference and two (variance) scale classes. Ability to characterize preference and scale heterogeneity was limited, but data quality was good, and the final model exhibited a high pseudo-r-squared. After adjusting for heterogeneity, a population tariff was estimated. This showed that ‘attachment’ and ‘stability’ each account for around 22% of the space, and ‘autonomy’, ‘achievement’ and ‘enjoyment’ account for around 18% each. Across all attributes, greater value was placed on the difference between the lowest levels of capability than between the highest. This tariff will enable ICECAP-A to be used in economic evaluation both within the field of health and across public policy generally. © 2013 The Authors. Health Economics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. PMID:24254584

  4. Scoring the Icecap-a capability instrument. Estimation of a UK general population tariff.

    PubMed

    Flynn, Terry N; Huynh, Elisabeth; Peters, Tim J; Al-Janabi, Hareth; Clemens, Sam; Moody, Alison; Coast, Joanna

    2015-03-01

    This paper reports the results of a best-worst scaling (BWS) study to value the Investigating Choice Experiments Capability Measure for Adults (ICECAP-A), a new capability measure among adults, in a UK setting. A main effects plan plus its foldover was used to estimate weights for each of the four levels of all five attributes. The BWS study was administered to 413 randomly sampled individuals, together with sociodemographic and other questions. Scale-adjusted latent class analyses identified two preference and two (variance) scale classes. Ability to characterize preference and scale heterogeneity was limited, but data quality was good, and the final model exhibited a high pseudo-r-squared. After adjusting for heterogeneity, a population tariff was estimated. This showed that 'attachment' and 'stability' each account for around 22% of the space, and 'autonomy', 'achievement' and 'enjoyment' account for around 18% each. Across all attributes, greater value was placed on the difference between the lowest levels of capability than between the highest. This tariff will enable ICECAP-A to be used in economic evaluation both within the field of health and across public policy generally. PMID:24254584

  5. An Economic Perspective on Russia’s Accession to the WTO

    E-print Network

    M. Stern; William Davidson; Robert M. Stern; Robert M. Stern; Robert M. Stern

    2002-01-01

    Russia’s application for accession to the WTO is currently in its final phases and may be completed by the end of 2003. In this context, this paper provides some background information on Russia’s recent policy and structural reforms, the composition and geographic distribution of trade, tariff rates by commodity groups, and other aspects of trade and domestic policies at issue in the accession process. The accession procedure and the current status of the accession process are then discussed. Using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) modeling analysis of China’s WTO accession as a prototype, the potential use of CGE modeling of Russian accession is considered as well as Russia’s participation in the Doha Development Round and preferential trading arrangements. It is concluded that Russia may realize significant benefits from WTO accession and from the multilateral trade liberalization to be effected in the Doha Round.

  6. Accessibility Policy

    Cancer.gov

    Accessibility The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is committed to providing access to all of its electronic materials, including this CD-ROM, to all individuals, including people with disabilities. To provide this information,

  7. Study on How U.S. Imposing Carbon Tariffs will Influence China's Export Trade and Its Countermeasure Strategy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sun Ruihua; Jiao Yuanyuan

    2011-01-01

    The United States, China's biggest export market, is planning to impose a carbon tariff against countries without strict GHG emissions reduction standards, which will necessarily have immense influence on China's export trade. In this dissertation, its background and imposing methods are initially discussed. Impact on China's export trade volume, commodity prices, various industrial sectors, foreign investment manner, corporate operation modes

  8. Promoting Renewable Electricity Generation through Guaranteed Feed-in Tariffs vs Tradable Certificates: An Ecological Economics Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reinhard Madlener; Sigrid Stagl

    For a variety of reasons it can be argued that the share of electricity generated from renewable energy sources should be increased. However, many of the new renewable energy technologies cannot yet successfully compete against conventional ones, and therefore support schemes are needed. A common approach, at least within the European Union, is the provision of guaranteed feed-in tariffs. More

  9. 76 FR 28973 - Terra-Gen Dixie Valley, LLC; Order on Rehearing and Accepting Tariff Filing, Subject to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ...ER11-2127-001, ER11-2127-002, EL11-37-000] Terra-Gen Dixie Valley, LLC; Order on Rehearing and Accepting...transmission tariff (OATT) submitted by Terra-Gen Dixie Valley, LLC (Terra-Gen), in response to a Commission order issued in...

  10. Web Accessibility and Accessibility Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Ravonne A.; Huprich, Julia

    2009-01-01

    Section 508 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates that programs and services be accessible to people with disabilities. While schools of library and information science (SLIS*) and university libraries should model accessible Web sites, this may not be the case. This article examines previous studies about the Web accessibility of…

  11. Relevance of Generation Interconnection Procedures to Feed-in Tariffs in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Fink, S.; Porter, K.; Rogers, J.

    2010-10-01

    Feed-in tariffs (FITs) have been used to promote renewable electricity development in over 40 countries throughout the past two decades. These policies generally provide guaranteed prices for the full system output from eligible generators for a fixed time period (typically 15-20 years). Due in part to the success of FIT policies in Europe, some jurisdictions in the United States are considering implementing similar policies, and a few have already put such policies in place. This report is intended to offer some guidance to policymakers and regulators on how generator interconnection procedures may affect the implementation of FITs and how state generator interconnection procedures can be formulated to support state renewable energy objectives. This report is based on a literature review of model interconnection procedures formulated by several organizations, as well as other documents that have reviewed, commented on, and in some cases, ranked state interconnection procedures.

  12. Market and behavioral barriers to energy efficiency: A preliminary evaluation of the case for tariff financing in California

    SciTech Connect

    Fujita, K. Sydny

    2011-06-23

    Consumers regularly forgo purchases of high efficiency appliances that appear to be cost effective at a reasonable rate of return. While some argue that this is a true revelation of preferences for appliance features, this 'efficiency gap' can be largely explained by a combination of market and behavioral failures that reduce consumers ability to evaluate the relative value of appliances and skew preferences toward initial cost savings, undervaluing future reductions in operating costs. These failures and barriers include externalities of energy use, imperfect competition between manufacturers, asymmetric information, bounded rationality, split incentives, and transaction costs (Golove 1996). Recognizing the social benefit of energy conservation, several major methods are used by policymakers to ensure that efficient appliances are purchased: minimum efficiency standards, Energy Star labeling, and rebates and tax credits. There is no single market for energy services; there are hundreds of uses, thousands of intermediaries, and millions of users, and likewise, no single appropriate government intervention (Golove 1996). Complementary approaches must be implemented, considering policy and institutional limitations. In this paper, I first lay out the rationale for government intervention by addressing the market and behavioral failures and barriers that arise in the context of residential energy efficiency. I then consider the ways in which some of these failures and barriers are addressed through major federal programs and state and utility level programs that leverage them, as well as identifying barriers that are not addressed by currently implemented programs. Heterogeneity of consumers, lack of financing options, and split incentives of landlords and tenants contribute significantly to the under-adoption of efficient appliances. To quantify the size of the market most affected by these barriers, I estimate the number of appliances, and in particular the number of outdated appliances, in California rental housing. Appliances in rental housing are on average older than those in owner occupied housing. More importantly, a substantial proportion of very old appliances are in rental housing. Having established that a very old stock of appliances exists in California rental housing, I discuss tariff financing as a policy option to reduce the impact of the remaining market and behavioral barriers. In a tariff financing program, the utility pays the initial cost of an appliance, and is repaid through subsequent utility bills. By eliminating upfront costs, tying repayment to the gas or electric meter, requiring a detailed energy audit, and relying upon utility bill payment history rather than credit score in determining participant eligibility, tariff financing largely overcomes many barriers to energy efficiency. Using California as a case study, I evaluate the feasibility of implementing tariff financing. For water heaters in particular, this appears to be a cost-effective strategy. Tariff financing from utilities is particularly valuable because it improves the ability of low-income renters to lower their utility bills, without burdening landlords with unrecoverable capital costs. To implement tariff financing country-wide, regulations in many states defining private loan-making institutions or the allowable use of public benefit funds may need to be modified. Tariff financing is relatively new and in most locations is only available as a pilot program or has only recently exited pilot phase. This preliminary evaluation suggests that tariff financing is a valuable future addition to the toolkit of policymakers who aim to increase the diffusion of efficient appliances. While regulatory approval is necessary in states that wish to pursue tariff financing, at this point, the major barrier to further implementation appears to be the newness of the financing mechanism.

  13. Access Denied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt

    2008-01-01

    Building access control (BAC)--a catchall phrase to describe the systems that control access to facilities across campus--has traditionally been handled with remarkably low-tech solutions: (1) manual locks; (2) electronic locks; and (3) ID cards with magnetic strips. Recent improvements have included smart cards and keyless solutions that make use…

  14. Site Accessibility

    Cancer.gov

    The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let us know.

  15. Open Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

  16. 40 CFR Appendix K to Subpart A of... - Commodity Codes From the Harmonized Tariff Schedule for Controlled Substances and Used Controlled...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Production and Consumption Controls Pt. 82, Subpt. A, App. K ...harmonized tariff schedule CFC-11 2903.41.0000 CFC-12 2903.42.0000 CFC-113 2903.43.0000...

  17. Equal Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Patta, Joe

    2003-01-01

    Presents an interview with Stephen McCarthy, co-partner and president of Equal Access ADA Consulting Architects of San Diego, California, about designing schools to naturally integrate compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). (EV)

  18. Photovoltaics: Reviewing the European Feed-in-Tariffs and Changing PV Efficiencies and Costs

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, H. L.; Van Gerven, T.; Baeyens, J.; Degrève, J.

    2014-01-01

    Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) mechanisms have been important in boosting renewable energy, by providing a long-term guaranteed subsidy of the kWh-price, thus mitigating investment risks and enhancing the contribution of sustainable electricity. By ongoing PV development, the contribution of solar power increases exponentially. Within this significant potential, it is important for investors, operators, and scientists alike to provide answers to different questions related to subsidies, PV efficiencies and costs. The present paper therefore (i) briefly reviews the mechanisms, advantages, and evolution of FiT; (ii) describes the developments of PV, (iii) applies a comprehensive literature-based model for the solar irradiation to predict the PV solar energy potential in some target European countries, whilst comparing output predictions with the monthly measured electricity generation of a 57?m² photovoltaic system (Belgium); and finally (iv) predicts the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in terms of investment and efficiency, providing LCOE values between 0.149 and 0.313?€/kWh, as function of the overall process efficiency and cost. The findings clearly demonstrate the potential of PV energy in Europe, where FiT can be considerably reduced or even be eliminated in the near future. PMID:24959614

  19. Easy Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gettelman, Alan

    2009-01-01

    School and university restrooms, locker and shower rooms have specific ADA accessibility requirements that serve the needs of staff, students and campus visitors who are disabled as a result of injury, illness or age. Taking good care of them is good for the reputation of a sensitive community institution, and fosters positive public relations.…

  20. Gaining Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wand, Sean; Thermos, Adam C.

    1998-01-01

    Explains the issues to consider before a college decides to purchase a card-access system. The benefits of automation, questions involving implementation, the criteria for technology selection, what typical card technology involves, privacy concerns, and the placement of card readers are discussed. (GR)

  1. Expanding Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    There is no question that the United States lags behind most industrialized nations in consumer access to broadband Internet service. For many policy makers and activists, this shortfall marks the latest phase in the struggle to overcome the digital divide. To remedy this lack of broadband affordability and availability, one start-up firm--with…

  2. Access Denied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raths, David

    2012-01-01

    As faculty members add online and multimedia elements to their courses, colleges and universities across the country are realizing that there is a lot of work to be done to ensure that disabled students (and employees) have equal access to course material and university websites. Unfortunately, far too few schools consider the task a top priority.…

  3. Achieving best practice tariff may not reflect improved survival after hip fracture treatment

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Sameer K; Shirley, Mark DF; Glennie, Clare; Fearon, Paul V; Deehan, David J

    2014-01-01

    Objective The best practice tariff (BPT) incentivizes hospitals in the England and Wales National Health Service to provide multiprofessional care to patients with hip fractures. The initial six targets included: 1) admission under consultant-led joint orthopedic–geriatric care, 2) multidisciplinary assessment protocol on admission, 3) surgery within 36 hours, 4) geriatrician review within 72 hours, 5) multiprofessional rehabilitation, and 6) assessment for falls and bone protection. We aimed to examine the relationship between BPT achievement and important patient outcomes and whether the BPT could predict these independently of other validated predictors. Materials and methods A retrospective review was conducted on 516 patient episodes. Four outcomes were defined: 1) 30-day mortality, 2) 365-day mortality, 3) postoperative length of stay on trauma ward (LOS-T), and 4) total post-operative hospital LOS (LOS-H). Patient episodes were grouped as follows: 1) group 1, pre-BPT, 2) group 2, BPT achievers, 3) group 3, BPT fails. These were compared for mortality (?2 test) and for LOS (Kruskal–Wallis test). Event analysis was done for groups 2 and 3 using generalized linear modeling, with age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists grade, hemoglobin, albumin, creatinine, and BPT achievement evaluated as predictors. Results The three groups did not differ significantly in baseline characteristics or outcomes. In the event analysis, the risk of 30-day mortality was related only to abnormal creatinine (P=0.025); mortality at 365 days was related significantly to low albumin (P=0.023) and weakly to abnormal creatinine (P=0.089). The risks of both increased LOS-T and LOS-H were related to age only (P=0.052, P<0.001, respectively). Conclusion Achieving BPT does not predict any outcome of interest on its own. PMID:25489240

  4. Accessible buildings Moderately accessible buildings*

    E-print Network

    Lee, Dongwon

    with the Office of Physical Plant (OPP), the Affirmative Action Office, and the Office for Disability Services the chair of the University Access Committee at the Affirmative Action Office, 328 Boucke Building, by phone want to share. Affirmative Action Office 814-863-0471 The Pennsylvania State University is committed

  5. Access Service Access Project Officer

    E-print Network

    Humphrys, Mark

    of educational opportunity and in facilitating access to third level education by under-represented groups of the Secretary's Office and has a particular emphasis on facilitating people experiencing social and economic of initiatives designed to facilitate and support students to enter and succeed in third level education. Duties

  6. Access Control Building Access Contact Appointment Form

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    ) will be appointed by every Dean/Chair/Head of a department or unit housed in a building having an electronic accessMSU Police Access Control Building Access Contact Appointment Form A Building Access Contact (BAC control system. The Contact is responsible for authorizing access and maintaining the list of authorized

  7. Observed Temperature Effects on Hourly Residential Electric LoadReduction in Response to an Experimental Critical Peak PricingTariff

    SciTech Connect

    Herter, Karen B.; McAuliffe, Patrick K.; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.

    2005-11-14

    The goal of this investigation was to characterize themanual and automated response of residential customers to high-price"critical" events dispatched under critical peak pricing tariffs testedin the 2003-2004 California Statewide Pricing Pilot. The 15-monthexperimental tariff gave customers a discounted two-price time-of-userate on 430 days in exchange for 27 critical days, during which the peakperiod price (2 p.m. to 7 p.m.) was increased to about three times thenormal time-of-use peak price. We calculated response by five-degreetemperature bins as the difference between peak usage on normal andcritical weekdays. Results indicatedthat manual response to criticalperiods reached -0.23 kW per home (-13 percent) in hot weather(95-104.9oF), -0.03 kW per home (-4 percent) in mild weather (60-94.9oF),and -0.07 kW per home (-9 percent) during cold weather (50-59.9oF).Separately, we analyzed response enhanced by programmable communicatingthermostats in high-use homes with air-conditioning. Between 90oF and94.9oF, the response of this group reached -0.56 kW per home (-25percent) for five-hour critical periods and -0.89 kW/home (-41 percent)for two-hour critical periods.

  8. The outcome of the primary vascular access and its translation into prevalent access use rates in chronic haemodialysis patients

    PubMed Central

    Praehauser, Claudia; Breidthardt, Tobias; Moser-Bucher, Cora Nina; Wolff, Thomas; Baechler, Katrin; Eugster, Thomas; Dickenmann, Michael; Gurke, Lorenz; Mayr, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Background The American Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative currently aims for a 66% arterio-venous fistula (AVF) rate, while in the UK, best practice tariffs target AVF and arterio-venous graft (AVG) rates of 85%. The present study aims to assess whether these goals can be achieved. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study on patients who initiated haemodialysis from 1995 to 2006. Outcomes were the final failure-free survival of the first permanent access and the type of second access created. Prevalent use rates for the access types were calculated on the 1st January of each year for the second half of the study period. Results Two hundred and eleven out of 246 patients (86%) received an AVF, 16 (6%) an AVG and 19 (8%) a permanent catheter (PC) as the first permanent access. Eighty-six (35%) patients had final failure of the primary access. One- and 3-year final failure-free survival rates were 73 and 65% for AVF compared with 40 and 20% for AVG and 62 and 0% for PC, respectively. In patients with primary AVF, female sex {hazard ratio (HR) 2.20 [confidence interval (CI) 1.29–3.73]} and vascular disease [HR 2.24 (CI 1.26–3.97)] were associated with a poorer outcome. A similar trend was observed for autoimmune disease [HR 2.14 (CI 0.99–4.65)]. As second accesses AVF, AVG and PC were created in 47% (n = 40), 38% (n = 33) and 15% (n = 13). The median prevalent use rate was 80.5% for AVF, 14% for AVG and 5.5% for PC. Conclusions The vascular access targets set by initiatives from the USA and UK are feasible in unselected haemodialysis patients. High primary AVF rates, the superior survival rates of AVFs even in patient groups at higher risk of access failure and the high rate of creation of secondary AVFs contributed to these promising results.

  9. Green Barriers from the Standpoint of Sustainable Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wang Yujing; Liu Huihuang

    2007-01-01

    Green barriers are one kind of non?tariff barrier (NTB). This paper points out that green barriers evolved from sustainable development theory and environmental protection, but are compatible with true comparative advantage. The best way to surmount green barriers for Chinese enterprises is to implement circular production processes and clean production techniques.

  10. 78 FR 63271 - Request for Public Comments to Compile the Report on Technical Barriers to Trade

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-23

    ...non-tariff barriers to U.S. exports. This inventory facilitates U...foreign trade barriers to U.S. exports. TBT Report: On April 1, 2013...significant foreign barriers to U.S. exports. USTR plans to use comments on...

  11. Protectionist Measures in Postsecondary Ontario (Canada) TESL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jambor, Paul Z.

    2012-01-01

    TESL in Ontario, Canada, seems to be on an inauspicious path by having set up non-tariff protectionist measures in an apparent attempt to keep out a multinational TESL workforce, effectively going against the spirit of globalization. This paper highlights some of the differences between South Korean TEFL and TESL in Ontario; for the most part…

  12. Quick Quotes NZX 50 4084.44 0.00

    E-print Network

    of Foreign Affairs and Trade - recently headed an international delegation from the industry at World Trade. The building code is a tool that can be used by some countries as a non-tariff trade barrier. For example, New are becoming a major issue for trade negotiators. Mr Jacobi - a former negotiator for New Zealand's Ministry

  13. Productivity and firm selection: intra-vs international trade

    E-print Network

    Nesterov, Yurii

    experiments, we predict the corresponding variations in average prices, markups, quantities and profits. We have been generally and steadily falling worldwide, non-tariff barriers (NTBs) have become a crucial standards, inward foreign investment, competition law, labor standards, and environmental norms

  14. The Impact of Carbon Pricing on Wholesale Electricity Prices, Carbon Pass-Through Rates and Retail Electricity Tariffs in Australia.1

    E-print Network

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    and Retail Electricity Tariffs in Australia.1 By Phillip Wild, School of Economics, The University of Queensland St Lucia, QLD, 4072 Australia Email: p.wild@uq.edu.au Phone: +61 7 3346 7058. Paul Bell, School of Economics, The University of Queensland St Lucia, QLD, 4072 Australia Email: p.bell2@uq.edu.au Phone: +61 7

  15. 46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No. Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [§ 502.271(d)] of Part 502...Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [§ 502.271(d )] of Part...

  16. 46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No. Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [§ 502.271(d)] of Part 502...Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [§ 502.271(d )] of Part...

  17. Effective Rates of Assistance for Norwegian Industries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1995-01-01

    We measure the effective assistance to 17 Norwegian private industries in 1989 and 1991 caused by government budgetary subsidies, indirect commodity taxes, import protection through nominal tariffs and non-tariff barriers, and electricity market distortions. The assistance effects are measured by the change in the net-of-tax value added price due to a removal of the policy measures considered. Most industries were

  18. Asset Management View Access

    E-print Network

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Asset Management View Access #12;Asset Management View Access · Review asset information (2 financials entries 2 #12;Asset Management View Access · Review asset information 3 #12;Asset Management View Access · Review asset journals 4 #12;Asset Management View Access · Review book information 5 #12;Asset

  19. United States Access Board

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of accessibility guidelines and standards for the built environment, transportation, communication, medical diagnostic equipment, and information technology. Communications & IT Access to information and communication technology ( ...

  20. A Theory of Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ribot, Jesse C.; Peluso, Nancy Lee

    2003-01-01

    The term "access" is frequently used by property and natural resource analysts without adequate definition. In this paper we develop a concept of access and examine a broad set of factors that differentiate access from property. We define access as "the "ability" to derive benefits from things," broadening from property's classical definition as…

  1. World Wide Access: Accessible Web Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., Seattle.

    This brief paper considers the application of "universal design" principles to Web page design in order to increase accessibility for people with disabilities. Suggestions are based on the World Wide Web Consortium's accessibility initiative, which has proposed guidelines for all Web authors and federal government standards. Seven guidelines for…

  2. Access Nets: Modeling Access to Physical Spaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frohardt, Robert; Chang, Bor-Yuh Evan; Sankaranarayanan, Sriram

    Electronic, software-managed mechanisms using, for example, radio-frequency identification (RFID) cards, enable great flexibility in specifying access control policies to physical spaces. For example, access rights may vary based on time of day or could differ in normal versus emergency situations. With such fine-grained control, understanding and reasoning about what a policy permits becomes surprisingly difficult requiring knowledge of permission levels, spatial layout, and time. In this paper, we present a formal modeling framework, called AccessNets, suitable for describing a combination of access permissions, physical spaces, and temporal constraints. Furthermore, we provide evidence that model checking techniques are effective in reasoning about physical access control policies. We describe our results from a tool that uses reachability analysis to validate security policies.

  3. AccessWatch

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    AccessWatch, provided by David Maher, is a shareware utility that provides a regularly updated summary of WWW server hits and accesses, and gives a graphical representation of available statistics. It generates statistics for hourly server load, page demand, accesses by domain, and accesses by host. AccessWatch can run on Unix or Windows NT servers. The AccessWatch page provides sample output, a FAQ, installation instructions, and the Perl script that makes the product work. It is free for government, non-commercial home, and academic use. See the license agreement for more information.

  4. Access to Investigational Drugs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... investigational drugs through mechanisms such as expanded access protocols and special exception programs, but specific criteria must ... drugs include mechanisms such as an expanded access protocol or a special or compassionate exception. The sponsor ...

  5. Data Access Request Process

    Cancer.gov

    This page contains instructions for submitting a Data Access Request for dataset(s) under the purview of the Extramural National Cancer Institute (NCI) Data Access Committee (DAC) and an overview of the review process.

  6. SSE Web Access Data

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-10-01

    Description:  Obtain Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) data Available for locations, global/regional ... 1983 through June 2005 Details:  SSE Web Access Data Screenshot:  ... SSE Category:  FTP and Web Access for Select Products Screenshot 2:  ...

  7. Accessibility (Section 508)

    Cancer.gov

    All NCI websites must be accessible to users, as described in Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. Section 508 requires federal agencies to make their electronic and information technologies, including websites, conform to certain accessibility standards. The following are the standards that NCI Web developers must follow to comply with Section 508 requirements. These standards are based on the Access Board's Web Accessibility Standards, which should also be read by NCI Web developers.

  8. Cancer Data Access System

    Cancer.gov

    The Cancer Data Access System (CDAS) is a web portal that facilitates access to PLCO data. Investigators can register with CDAS and request access to data collected through December 31, 2009 for the first 13 years of participation for each subject in the PLCO trial. Newly diagnosed cancers and deaths continue to be collected and will be available in the future.

  9. Vascular Access for Hemodialysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DIRK M. HENTSCHEL; Reza Abdi; Javeed Ansari; Jessamyn Bagley; D. Sangeeta Bhattia; Joseph V. Bonventre; Barry M. Brenner; Anil K. Chandraker; David M. Charytan; Mary Choi; Kenneth B. Christopher; Gary C. Curhan; Bradley M. Denker; Jeremy Duffield; John P. Forman; Markus H. Frank; M. D. Indira Gulena; Andreas Herrlich; Li-Li Hsiao; Benjamin D. Humphreys; John J. Iacomini; Takaharu Ichimura; Julie Lin; M. P. H. Edgar; L. Milford; David B. Mount; Nader Najafian; Jagdeep Obhrai; Shona Pendse; Martin R. Pollak; Mohamed H. Sayegh; Julian L. Seifter; Jagesh V. Shah; Alice M. Sheridan; Ajay K. Singh; Theodore I. Steinman; Chun-Ming Sung; Eric N. Taylor; Chaorui Tian; John K. Tucker; Vishal Vaidya; Sushrut S. Waikar; Wolfgang C. Winkelmayer; D. Xueli Yuan; D. Kambiz Zandi-Nejad; Jing Zhou

    1 Over 90% of these patients received hemodialysis, necessitating an arteriovenous fistula (AVF), arteriovenous graft (AVG), or tunneled catheter (TC) to provide access to high-volume blood flow. Adequate performance by any of these access options is required for successful hemodialysis, and creating and maintaining functional access for the large and growing number of dialysis patients poses economic challenges. Although in

  10. Open Access and beyond.

    PubMed

    Mathur, Shawn; Schmidt, Christian; Das, Chhaya; Tucker, Philip W

    2006-01-01

    Uncensored exchange of scientific results hastens progress. Open Access does not stop at the removal of price and permission barriers; still, censorship and reading disabilities, to name a few, hamper access to information. Here, we invite the scientific community and the public to discuss new methods to distribute, store and manage literature in order to achieve unfettered access to literature. PMID:16956402

  11. Reflective Database Access Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lars E.

    2009-01-01

    "Reflective Database Access Control" (RDBAC) is a model in which a database privilege is expressed as a database query itself, rather than as a static privilege contained in an access control list. RDBAC aids the management of database access controls by improving the expressiveness of policies. However, such policies introduce new interactions…

  12. Open Access Alternatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenopir, Carol

    2004-01-01

    Open access publishing is a hot topic today. But open access publishing can have many different definitions, and pros and cons vary with the definitions. Open access publishing is especially attractive to companies and small colleges or universities that are likely to have many more readers than authors. A downside is that a membership fee sounds…

  13. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA) Project: An Analysis of Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariffs in the United States (Revised)

    SciTech Connect

    Couture, T.; Cory, K.

    2009-06-01

    This report analyzes renewable energy feed-in tariff (FIT) policies and explores the different FIT policies currently implemented in the United States. It also discusses of a few proposed policies, the best practices in FIT policy design, and examines how FITs can be used to target state policy goals. The report covers current and potential future interactions between FITs and other state and federal energy policies while also providing an overview of the impacts FIT policies have in terms of renewable energy deployment, job creation, and economic development.

  14. Access to modern contraception.

    PubMed

    Welsh, Michael J; Stanback, John; Shelton, James

    2006-06-01

    Access to modern contraception has become a recognized human right, improving the health and well-being of women, families and societies worldwide. However, contraceptive access remains uneven. Irregular contraceptive supply, limited numbers of service delivery points and specific geographic, economic, informational, psychosocial and administrative barriers (including medical barriers) undermine access in many settings. Widening the range of providers enabled to offer contraception can improve contraceptive access, particularly where resources are most scarce. International efforts to remove medical barriers include the World Health Organization's Medical Eligibility Criteria. Based on the best available evidence, these criteria provide guidance for weighing the risks and benefits of contraceptive choice among women with specific clinical conditions. Clinical job aids can also improve access. More research is needed to further elucidate the pathways for expanding contraceptive access. Further progress in removing medical barriers will depend on systems for improving provider education and promoting evidence-based contraceptive service delivery. PMID:16443395

  15. Access Management Software Requirements Specification

    E-print Network

    Maroncelli, Mark

    System · Access to Library Public Workstations · HMC Affiliate · Access to Library Resources · Access;4 #12;What is Access Management? · Access Management is a system that includes the following componentsAccess Management Software Requirements Specification Review Session 28 July 2010 #12;Agenda

  16. Access Interface Strategies

    PubMed Central

    Fager, Susan; Beukelman, David R.; Fried-Oken, Melanie; Jakobs, Tom; Baker, John

    2013-01-01

    Individuals who rely on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices to support their communication often have physical movement challenges that require alternative methods of access. Technology that supports access, particularly for those with the most severe movement deficits, have expanded substantially over the years. The purposes of this article are to review the state of the science of access technologies that interface with augmentative and alternative communication devices and to propose a future research and development agenda that will enhance access options for people with limited movement capability due to developmental and acquired conditions. PMID:22590797

  17. Accessing the spoken word 

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Jerry; Renals, Steve; Bird, Steven; de Jong, Franciska; Federico, Marcello; Fleischhauer, Carl; Kornbluh, Mark; Lamel, Lori; Oard, Douglas W; Stewart, Claire; Wright, Richard

    Spoken-word audio collections cover many domains, including radio and television broadcasts, oral narratives, governmental proceedings, lectures, and telephone conversations. The collection, access, and preservation of ...

  18. Identity and Access Management: Access Management Survey 1 Access Management Survey Questions

    E-print Network

    Maroncelli, Mark

    Identity and Access Management: Access Management Survey 1 Access Management Survey Questions The Identity and Access Management (IAM) Technical Architect Group (TAG) was formed by Kevin Morooney, the vice of the core concepts of Identity and Access Management is the management of access rights to resources

  19. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-05-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or are now underway this hot area. The purpose of this feature issue is to expose the networking community to the latest research breakthroughs and progresses in the area of optical access networks. This feature issue aims to present a collection of papers that focus on the state-of-the-art research in various networking aspects of optical access networks. Original papers are solicited from all researchers involved in area of optical access networks. Topics of interest include but not limited to: Optical access network architectures and protocols Passive optical networks (BPON, EPON, GPON, etc.) Active optical networks Multiple access control Multiservices and QoS provisioning Network survivability Field trials and standards Performance modeling and analysis

  20. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-06-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or are now underway this hot area. The purpose of this feature issue is to expose the networking community to the latest research breakthroughs and progresses in the area of optical access networks. This feature issue aims to present a collection of papers that focus on the state-of-the-art research in various networking aspects of optical access networks. Original papers are solicited from all researchers involved in area of optical access networks. Topics of interest include but not limited to: Optical access network architectures and protocols Passive optical networks (BPON, EPON, GPON, etc.) Active optical networks Multiple access control Multiservices and QoS provisioning Network survivability Field trials and standards Performance modeling and analysis

  1. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan; Jersey Inst Ansari, New; Jersey Inst, New

    2005-04-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or are now underway this hot area. The purpose of this feature issue is to expose the networking community to the latest research breakthroughs and progresses in the area of optical access networks. This feature issue aims to present a collection of papers that focus on the state-of-the-art research in various networking aspects of optical access networks. Original papers are solicited from all researchers involved in area of optical access networks. Topics of interest include but not limited to: Optical access network architectures and protocols Passive optical networks (BPON, EPON, GPON, etc.) Active optical networks Multiple access control Multiservices and QoS provisioning Network survivability Field trials and standards Performance modeling and analysis

  2. Accessibility tool .....................2 Accessibility grant...................2

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    at State Fair....................3 · Freight & Logistics event.......4 · Call for presentations recognized expert, is professor of civil engineering and environ- mental science and policy and founding-led Access to Destinations Study. The document synthesizes findings from the study's 11 research projects

  3. AccessAbility @ Cleveland Public Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mates, Barbara T.

    2003-01-01

    Describes several programs that were developed by staff at the Cleveland (Ohio) Public Library to be accessible to users with disabilities. Highlights include a Braille reading program; sensory garden; poetry club; book club based on talking books; wheelchair athletics; touching museum artifacts; and a mobile library for users who could not visit…

  4. Access to Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briscoe, Felecia; De Oliver, Miguel

    2006-01-01

    This case study researches the degree to which the location and services offered by a multicampus university, geographically situated consistent with the commercial principles of a large mass-market enterprise, facilitate access for educationally underserved groups. First, the necessity of democratizing educational access to an underprivileged…

  5. Intellectual Access to Images.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Hsin-Liang; Rasmussen, Edie M.

    1999-01-01

    The increased availability of digital images is accompanied by a need for solutions to the problems inherent in indexing them for retrieval. Problems in image description and access are discussed, with a perspective on traditional and new solutions. Recent developments in intellectual access to images are surveyed and contrasted with…

  6. Comparing Information Access Approaches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalmers, Matthew

    1999-01-01

    Presents a broad view of information access, drawing from philosophy and semiology in constructing a framework for comparative discussion that is used to examine the information representations that underlie four approaches to information access--information retrieval, workflow, collaborative filtering, and the path model. Contains 32 references.…

  7. ATLAS Data Access Policy

    E-print Network

    The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    ATLAS has fully supported the principle of open access in its publication policy. This document outlines the policy of ATLAS as regards open access to data at different levels as described in the DPHEP model. The main objective is to make the data available in a usable way to people external to the ATLAS collaboration.

  8. ACCESSIBILITY PLANNING FOR CYCLISTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andy Wells; Ben Waterson; David Tarrant

    The UK Government's Accessibility Planning initiative aims to improve access to healthcare, jobs, shops, services and community facilities by non-car methods of travel, particularly for disadvantaged groups and areas. Every local authority in the UK is now required to report against a number of indicators in their Local Transport Plan and Local Development Framework, commonly the distance or time needed

  9. Planning for Accessibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassell, Marianne Kotch

    This practical manual provides useful, concrete ideas and suggestions to help public libraries make libraries more accessible to persons with disabilities. Most suggestions are for persons who have difficulty with mobility. Reviews of pertinent laws and regulations are followed by concrete, step-by step suggestions for planning for accessibility,…

  10. Asset Management View Access

    E-print Network

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Asset Management View Access NUFinancials Asset Management FMS751 Asset Management view access 10-07-12,vlr © 2012 Northwestern University 1 This job aid lists the asset management pages for asset://cafe.northwestern.edu/gateway and click NUFinancials Definition of Capital Asset: an asset is defined as equipment, building, land

  11. Access eLearning

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This tutorial is comprised of 10 modules that offer information, instructional techniques, and practice labs on how to make the most common needs in distance education accessible for individuals with disabilities, and enhance the usability of online materials for all students. The modules center around topics such as making video, flash, word , PDF and many other documents accessible for students with disabilities.

  12. NCI: SBIR & STTR - Accessibility

    Cancer.gov

    The National Institutes of Health, NIH is making every effort to ensure that the information available on our website is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using our site, please let us know.

  13. Access & Persistence. Summer 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This issue of "Access & Persistence" describes the roundtable discussion, "Ensuring Access to College Amid Economic Uncertainty," held on June 13, 2008 in Nashville, Tennessee. The purpose of the discussion was to gather information from a variety of perspectives within the higher education community on effects of the credit crisis and general…

  14. The Universal Access System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Neil G.

    This final report discusses the outcomes of a project that created a Universal Access System (UAS), a system that gives students with disabilities access to the same computers as their classmates. The project developed a new approach in which the needs of the individual with disabilities are handled separately from the computers and other devices…

  15. ATBC Study - Accessibility

    Cancer.gov

    We are committed to making atbcstudy.cancer.gov accessible to all users, regardless of special need. The site is designed to be compatible with screen readers and other assistive devices. However, this is an ongoing process and it is possible that some users may encounter problems accessing some pages.

  16. Implantable intravenous access device.

    PubMed Central

    Goldsworthy, L L; Daly, H M

    1992-01-01

    The use of a fully implantable device for venous access is described in two infants with transfusion dependent haemolytic anaemia. This device is a possible improvement in the treatment of infants needing long term venous access, although doctors should be aware of the infrequent complications. Images p131-a PMID:1739327

  17. Accessibility and Product Ecosystems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jim Tobias

    2007-01-01

    Products, including assistive and accessible technologies, do not exist in isolation. They are all part of rich product ecosystems; they inhabit specific niches of economics, functionality, and technology, and they interact with other products. The concept of product ecosystem goes beyond technological interoperability. For accessibility to advance, we must understand more about the interactions among products. This article sketches an

  18. Tariffs in emergency care.

    PubMed

    Hughes, Thomas; Higginson, Ian; Mann, Clifford

    2014-11-01

    The crisis in emergency medicine in the UK was no surprise to staff in the specialty, but was not expected by the Department of Health. This article explains how chronic, systematic under-resourcing of emergency care has caused emergency departments to decompensate, and discusses actions that are necessary to prevent recurrence. PMID:25383433

  19. University of Bristol -Access Agreement 1. Background

    E-print Network

    Bristol, University of

    with inflation) for all UK and EU students on full-time undergraduate programmes 1 . The following exceptions). The average UCAS tariff score of our 2010 entrants was 478.5 (the equivalent of 3.9 A grade `A' Level passes

  20. Multiple Access Trade Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Motamedi, Masoud

    1990-01-01

    The Personal Access Satellite System (PASS) strawman design uses a hybrid Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)/Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) implementation. TDMA is used for the forward direction (from Suppliers to Users), and FDMA for the return direction (from Users to Suppliers). An alternative architecture is proposed that will require minimal real time coordination and yet provide a fast access method by using random access Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA). The CDMA system issues are addressed such as connecting suppliers and users, both of whom may be located anywhere in the CONUS, when the user terminals are constrained in size and weight; and providing efficient traffic routing under highly variable traffic requirements. It is assumed that bandwidth efficiency is not of paramount importance. CDMA or Spread Spectrum Multiple Access (SSMA) communication is a method in which a group of carriers operate at the same nominal center frequency but are separable from each other by the low cross correlation of the spreading codes used. Interference and multipath rejection capability, ease of selective addressing and message screening, low density power spectra for signal hiding and security, and high resolution ranging are among the benefits of spread spectrum communications.

  1. Incorporating Open Access into Libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emma Cryer; Maria Collins

    2011-01-01

    The open access movement is poised to radically change scholarly communications. Librarians can play a dynamic role in the development of the open access landscape by familiarizing themselves with government funding initiatives, events promoting Open Access Week, open access publishing models, institutional open access funds and policies, and institutional repositories. Small changes in awareness and outreach can have far reaching

  2. The flavors of open access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sha Li Zhang

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present various aspects of open access that are being discussed and debated in recent years. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper briefly reviews the flavors such as open access definitions, open access initiatives, platforms for open access, and players in the open access movement. Findings – The paper finds that, while the debates

  3. Live Access Server

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Steve Hankin

    2002-09-09

    The Live Access Server (LAS) is a highly configurable Web server designed to provide flexible access to geo-referenced scientific data. LAS enables users to view data with on-the-fly graphics, request custom subsets of variables in a variety of file formats, and compare variables from distributed locations. LAS enables the data provider to unify access to multiple types of data in a single interface, create thematic data servers from distributed data sources (through the use of DODS/OPenDAP), offer derived products on the fly, and offer unique products (e.g. visualization styles specialized for the data).

  4. Optical Access Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Jun; Ansari, Nirwan

    2005-01-01

    Call for Papers: Optical Access Networks

    Guest Editors Jun Zheng, University of Ottawa Nirwan Ansari, New Jersey Institute of Technology

    Submission Deadline: 1 June 2005

    Background

    With the wide deployment of fiber-optic technology over the past two decades, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of bandwidth capacity in the backbone networks of today's telecommunications infrastructure. However, access networks, which cover the "last-mile" areas and serve numerous residential and small business users, have not been scaled up commensurately. The local subscriber lines for telephone and cable television are still using twisted pairs and coaxial cables. Most residential connections to the Internet are still through dial-up modems operating at a low speed on twisted pairs. As the demand for access bandwidth increases with emerging high-bandwidth applications, such as distance learning, high-definition television (HDTV), and video on demand (VoD), the last-mile access networks have become a bandwidth bottleneck in today's telecommunications infrastructure. To ease this bottleneck, it is imperative to provide sufficient bandwidth capacity in the access networks to open the bottleneck and thus present more opportunities for the provisioning of multiservices. Optical access solutions promise huge bandwidth to service providers and low-cost high-bandwidth services to end users and are therefore widely considered the technology of choice for next-generation access networks. To realize the vision of optical access networks, however, many key issues still need to be addressed, such as network architectures, signaling protocols, and implementation standards. The major challenges lie in the fact that an optical solution must be not only robust, scalable, and flexible, but also implemented at a low cost comparable to that of existing access solutions in order to increase the economic viability of many potential high-bandwidth applications. In recent years, optical access networks have been receiving tremendous attention from both academia and industry. A large number of research activities have been carried out or are now underway this hot area. The purpose of this feature issue is to expose the networking community to the latest research breakthroughs and progresses in the area of optical access networks.

    Scope of Contributions

    This feature issue aims to present a collection of papers that focus on the state-of-the-art research in various networking aspects of optical access networks. Original papers are solicited from all researchers involved in area of optical access networks. Topics of interest include but not limited to:
    • Optical access network architectures and protocols
    • Passive optical networks (BPON, EPON, GPON, etc.)
    • Active optical networks
    • Multiple access control
    • Multiservices and QoS provisioning
    • Network survivability
    • Field trials and standards
    • Performance modeling and analysis

    Manuscript Submission

    To submit to this special issue, follow the normal procedure for submission to JON, indicating ``Optical Access Networks feature' in the ``Comments' field of the online submission form. For all other questions relating to this feature issue, please send an e-mail to jon@osa.org, subject line ``Optical Access Networks' Additional information can be found on the JON website: http://www.osa-jon.org/submission/. Submission Deadline: 1 June 2005

  5. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (Japanese translation)

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations.

  6. Accessibility to dental services 

    E-print Network

    Evenden, Craig Andrew

    2007-08-15

    Background: Access to dental care has become a key focus for Government officials in Scotland. Newton et al. (2004) note that the White Paper ‘Towards a healthier Scotland’ (The Scottish Office Department of Health, 1999), identifies dental health...

  7. BUILDING MANAGEMENT & RESTRICTED ACCESS

    E-print Network

    Johnston, Daniel

    at Austiniv #12;Building Management & Restricted Access Plan Annex v CONTENTS RECORD OF CHANGES ..................................................................17 L. IMPLEMENTING THE BUILDING COMMUNICATION PLAN RECORD OF CHANGES Change # Date of Change Entered By Date Entered 1. January 20, 2011 David Cronk January

  8. Vascular Access Procedures

    MedlinePLUS

    ... period of weeks, months or even years. A simple intravenous (IV) line is effective for short-term ... blood transfusions. patients who have difficulty receiving a simple IV line. Vascular access procedures are also commonly ...

  9. Interference multiple access communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brothers, L. Reggie; DeBardelaben, James A.; Niedzwiecki, Joshua; Learned, Rachel E.; Eisenberg, Yiftach; Cooper, David M.

    2007-04-01

    The implementation of network centric warfare on the battlefield has driven the growing demand for high capacity warfighter communication systems. Although new high capacity SATCOM systems such as WGS are being introduced in the near term, these systems use the interference avoidance paradigm, which fundamentally limits overall network performance. This paper introduces a new wireless networking paradigm called Interference Multiple Access (IMA), developed under the auspices of DARPA. The interference multiple access paradigm exploits multi-access interference to enable revolutionary improvements in wireless communication capacity and latency without the need for infrastructure, coordination, or spectrum preplanning. Simulation and over-the-air test results suggest that greater than 3X increases in network throughput (especially in low SNR scenarios) can be achieved over traditional contention and scheduled-based spectrum access approaches when applied to WIN-T NCW terminals communicating in a mesh topology over the WGS constellation.

  10. Open Access Week First of all, what is Open Access? Open Access (OA) is unrestricted, free,

    E-print Network

    Argerami, Martin

    institutions worldwide. Open Access Week (October 24-30) is an opportunity to spread awareness aboutOpen Access Week First of all, what is Open Access? Open Access (OA) is unrestricted, free, online. Open access benefits instructors by allowing them to share material with students without the usual

  11. Mobile multiple access study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    Multiple access techniques (FDMA, CDMA, TDMA) for the mobile user and attempts to identify the current best technique are discussed. Traffic loading is considered as well as voice and data modulation and spacecraft and system design. Emphasis is placed on developing mobile terminal cost estimates for the selected design. In addition, design examples are presented for the alternative techniques of multiple access in order to compare with the selected technique.

  12. Vascular Access in Children

    SciTech Connect

    Krishnamurthy, Ganesh, E-mail: krishnamurthy@email.chop.edu; Keller, Marc S. [Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2011-02-15

    Establishment of stable vascular access is one of the essential and most challenging procedures in a pediatric hospital. Many clinical specialties provide vascular service in a pediatric hospital. At the top of the 'expert procedural pyramid' is the pediatric interventional radiologist, who is best suited and trained to deliver this service. Growing awareness regarding the safety and high success rate of vascular access using image guidance has led to increased demand from clinicians to provide around-the-clock vascular access service by pediatric interventional radiologists. Hence, the success of a vascular access program, with the pediatric interventional radiologist as the key provider, is challenging, and a coordinated multidisciplinary team effort is essential for success. However, there are few dedicated pediatric interventional radiologists across the globe, and also only a couple of training programs exist for pediatric interventions. This article gives an overview of the technical aspects of pediatric vascular access and provides useful tips for obtaining vascular access in children safely and successfully using image guidance.

  13. Quantitative Effectiveness Analysis of Solar Photovoltaic Policies, Introduction of Socio-Feed-in Tariff Mechanism (SocioFIT) and its Implementation in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mustafaoglu, Mustafa Sinan

    Some of the main energy issues in developing countries are high dependence on non-renewable energy sources, low energy efficiency levels and as a result of this high amount of CO2 emissions. Besides, a common problem of many countries including developing countries is economic inequality problem. In the study, solar photovoltaic policies of Germany, Japan and the USA is analyzed through a quantitative analysis and a new renewable energy support mechanism called Socio Feed-in Tariff Mechanism (SocioFIT) is formed based on the analysis results to address the mentioned issues of developing countries as well as economic inequality problem by using energy savings as a funding source for renewable energy systems. The applicability of the mechanism is solidified by the calculations in case of an implementation of the mechanism in Turkey.

  14. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

  15. Vascular access blood flow monitoring reduces access morbidity and costs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia Mccarley; Rebecca L. Wingard; Yu Shyr; William Pettus; Raymond M. Hakim; T. Alp Ikizler

    2001-01-01

    Vascular access blood flow monitoring reduces access morbidity and costs.BackgroundVascular access morbidity results in suboptimal patient outcomes and costs more than $8000 per patient-year at risk, representing approximately 15% of total Medicare expenditures for ESRD patients annually. In recent years, the rate of access thrombosis has improved following the advent of vascular access blood flow monitoring (VABFM) programs to identify

  16. Enteral access in adults.

    PubMed

    Toussaint, Emmanuel; Van Gossum, André; Ballarin, Asuncion; Arvanitakis, Marianna

    2014-11-13

    Enteral feeding is widely used for hospitalized patients but is also used for ambulatory persons living at home or in home care settings. Aside from decisions that must be made about appropriate nutrient delivery, choices related to which type of enteral access will be used and the procedures for enteral access surveillance are extremely important. In this paper we review the various techniques for establishment of enteral access in adult patients. Prevention and treatment of potential complications are detailed. The use of protocols that are written by a multidisciplinary nutrition team is mandatory. It is also of vital importance to discuss treatment plans with the patient and care givers, to assure appropriate follow-up, and to consider ethical issues related to enteral feeding. PMID:25439396

  17. Vascular access for hemodialysis.

    PubMed

    Vanholder, R; Ringoir, S

    1994-04-01

    Indwelling central venous catheters were consecutively used as access for acute and chronic hemodialysis, emergency treatment of pulmonary fluid overload, intoxication and electrolyte disturbances, plasmapheresis, and semiacute continuous dialysis strategies, such as continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH). Modification in catheter structure also made it possible to use this access for long-term treatment (e.g., surgically insertable catheters [Hickman], soft large-bore catheters for blind insertion). We discuss the remaining open questions in this field: Which is the insertion site of preference (i.e., subclavian, femoral, or deep jugular)? Should we prefer stiff or soft catheters? Should soft catheters be positioned surgically or is blind insertion by nonsurgeons as adequate? Is it necessary to couple catheter insertion to adjuvant techniques, such as echographic guidance, to reduce complications? Is the currently used polymer structure of the catheters acceptable? Should catheter dialysis be used with single or double vascular access? PMID:8024472

  18. Access America for Students

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Access America for Students, also referred to as students.gov, is a clearinghouse of government information pertinent to students in high school or higher education. This directory is organized by categories, including plan your education, pay for your education, taxes, and career development. Each category links to related government agencies, programs, and informative resources. Fast Links, located on the left side of the screen, provides one-click access to the appropriate places to register to vote, reserve a campsite, get a passport, or change your address, among other important services and information. Students.gov is sponsored by the Department of Education and is part of the Access America program which offers special interest portals for other types of government information.

  19. Role-Based Access Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Ferraiolo; Richard Kuhn

    1992-01-01

    While Mandatory Access Controls (MAC) are appropriate for multilevel secure militaryapplications, Discretionary Access Controls (DAC) are often perceived as meetingthe security processing needs of industry and civilian government. This paper arguesthat reliance on DAC as the principal method of access control is unfounded and inappropriatefor many commercial and civilian government organizations. The paperdescribes a type of non-discretionary access control -

  20. Radiosonde Database Access

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-12

    The radiosonde real-time archive is comprised of all North American Global Telecommunications Service (GTS) observations primarily from Northern and Central American civilian and some military radiosonde sites not yet available on CD-ROM (currently 1997 thru 1999). Since late 1998, the archive has been upgraded to include all international observations transmitted via GTS. These data undergo extensive gross error and hydrostatic consistency checks before being incorporated into a randomly accessible compressed data archive developed at the Forecast Systems Laboratory (FSL). Data is stored in the same randomly accessible compressed data format, and is customizable in terms of input dates and source stations.

  1. Access to space studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martin, James A.

    1993-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is currently considering possible directions in Earth-to-orbit vehicle development under a study called 'Access to Space.' This agency-wide study is considering commercial launch vehicles, human transportation, space station logistics, and other space transportation requirements over the next 40 years. Three options are being considered for human transportation: continued use of the Space Shuttle; development of a small personnel carrier (personnel logistics system (PLS)); or development of an advanced vehicle such as a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO). Several studies related to the overall Access to Space study are reported in this document.

  2. Accessible Digital Media Guidelines

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Freed, Geoff

    The World Wide Web is a tool that has a myriad of uses for any type of person, so it should be accessible to everyone. In order to help Web designers and software authors accommodate people with disabilities, this site offers a series of guidelines that explains how to effectively serve these types of users. Following a discussion of different disabilities, assistive technologies, and general accessibility tips, ten main guideline topics are addressed in depth. Techniques for using images, multimedia applications, and mathematics illustrations, among others, are given to create a more universally useable online experience.

  3. The Access Imperative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hrabowski, Freeman A., III

    2007-01-01

    Understandably, current discussions about access that take place in higher education circles often focus on the underrepresentation of students from low-income families. At the same time, recent events in Michigan have refocused attention on questions of race- and gender-based affirmative action. Thus, how can higher education ensure that students…

  4. Designing Accessible Online Help.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Butler; Riner, Robert W.

    1997-01-01

    Accessibility and accuracy are important attributes for either manual or electronic support tools. Training with performance support tools will fail if it uses the same approach, only electronic; has no mechanism for keeping content up to date; and is not integrated with the job. (SK)

  5. Accessibility - Team Science Toolkit

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is committed to providing access to all individuals—disabled or not—who are seeking information on the Team Science Toolkit. To provide this information, the Team Science Toolkit has been designed to comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (as amended).

  6. Partners: Promoting Accessible Recreation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sable, Janet; Gravink, Jill

    1995-01-01

    The Promoting Accessible Recreation through Networking, Education, Resources and Services (PARTNERS) Project, a partnership between Northeast Passage, the University of New Hampshire, and Granite State Independent Living Foundation, helps create barrier-free recreation for individuals with physical disabilities. The paper describes PARTNERS and…

  7. Student Access Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming Community Coll. Commission, Cheyenne.

    This study of Wyoming citizen access to community college education explored several factors related to college enrollments over the period 1990-1997. The study further examined projected student enrollment for 1998-2006. This study reports on the findings for: (1) Wyoming population trends and community college enrollments and projected…

  8. Direct Memory Access Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hideto Tomabechi

    1987-01-01

    Direct Memory Access Translation (DMTRANS) is a the­ ory of translation developed at CMT of CMU in which translation is viewd as an integrated part of cognitive pro­ cessing. In this paradigm, understanding in source lan­ guage is a recognition of input in terms of existing knowl­ edge in memory and integration of the input into the mem­ ory. Context

  9. Accessible Theatre Arts Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    Intended to help administrators and theatre teachers provide a theatre arts program accessible to disabled actors, technicians, and audiences, the guide focuses on ways to alleviate limitations in the theatre. The following topics are addressed (sample subtopics in parentheses): awareness (use of improvisations and simulations); acclimatization…

  10. Accessing the spoken word

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerry Goldman; Steve Renals; Steven Bird; Franciska De Jong; Marcello Federico; Carl Fleischhauer; Mark Kornbluh; Lori Lamel; Douglas W. Oard; Claire Stewart; Richard Wright

    2005-01-01

    Spoken word audio collections cover many do- mains, including radio and television broadcasts, oral narra- tives, governmental proceedings, lectures, and telephone con- versations. The collection, access and preservation of such data is stimulated by political, economic, cultural and educa- tional needs. This paper outlines the major issues in the field, reviews the current state of technology, examines the rapidly changing

  11. Media Access Group

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Media Access Group (MAG), part of the prestigious WGBH Broadcasting, focuses on making a variety of media accessible to people with disabilities and providing information about that process. Users will find information about the services and products offered - which include captioning services (both real-time and offline), descriptive video service (descriptions of visual portions of film and media for those who are blind or have vision impairments) and MoPix (a project which is working to bring both captioning and descriptive video to the big screen). In addition to explanations of their services the MAG site also offers a section on research and development which links users to NCAM (the National Center for Accessible Media) which is the research and development component of MAG. The resources section includes the MAG Guides which highlight various issues related to captioning and descriptive video, including the FCC's rules related to both topics. Also available under the resources tab are descriptive video guides, information on accessible DVDs and links to other related resources.

  12. Adult Education Access Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northwest Tri-County Intermediate Unit, Edinboro, PA.

    A project was conducted to improve access to adult education for clients of Pennsylvania's Erie Family Center. The project's primary objectives were as follows: include adult education services in the referral services provided to family center clients; expedite students' referral to adult education services; provide career counseling to…

  13. Center for Accessible Technologies

    E-print Network

    Thomases, Becca

    Center for Accessible Technologies 163 Shields Library cat.ucdavis.edu * * A B C D E 1 2 3 4 5 F Heitman Staff Learning Center Hickey Gym, Rm. 290 Hoagland Hall Hunt Hall Hutchison Hall Kemper Hall Kerr Library Silo Social Science and Humanities South Silo Storer Hall Student Health & Wellness Center Surge

  14. Serving up Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rich, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    When low-income students returned to Chicago public schools this fall, many had better access to technology, thanks to a public-private partnership. Chicago families with children enrolled in the National School Lunch Program are eligible for subsidized computers and Internet connections through an agreement between the city and telecom giant…

  15. ENABLING MULTICASTING FOR ACCESS NETWORKS

    E-print Network

    Daniel Duchow I; Thomas Bahls Ii; Dirk Timmermann I

    This paper focuses on establishment of multicast mechanisms in Access Networks (AN). Multicast is deemed to be an appropriate instrument to relieve communication networks, to save resources and, therefore, to improve global network performance. Multicast mechanisms are analysed and evaluated for their usage in Access Networks. The general structure of an Access Network and necessary measures to design multicast-capable Access Networks are described. In addition, the complexity of new embedded multicast functions is discussed, and effects by unicast and multicast connections on Access Network are exemplified. As a result, a design suggestion of a multicast-capable Access Network is given. 1

  16. Bentham Open Access

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Are you fascinated by fascia? Might you find silica scintillating? Look no further gentle reader as Bentham Open Access can provide information about these topics. Bentham Publishers recently launched over 200 peer-reviewed open access journals, and visitors should feel free to browse around at their leisure. Visitors can browse titles by discipline, and everything from agriculture to virology exists within these electronic pages. Of course, for those who already know the title of the journal they are looking for, there is an "A-Z" section as well. In each journal, visitors can browse through the articles, learn about the editorial board, and also take in their manuscript submission requirements. Overall, it is an ambitious journal and one that may spur other electronic publishers to action.

  17. Potential access and revealed access to pain management medications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Swu-Jane Lin; Stephanie Y. Crawford; J. Warren Salmon

    2005-01-01

    The area configuration of healthcare resources, such as the number of hospitals per hundred thousand population, has often been used in healthcare planning and policy making to estimate the global access (potential access) of health services to a local population. However, the actual utilization of the “available” healthcare resources (revealed access) is usually much more limited. The objectives of this

  18. OPEN ACCESS BACKGROUND From the Budapest Open Access Initiative

    E-print Network

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    ://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml) Open access is a social movement regarding free access to scholarly communication between the academic have been explored since then, but over the past 15 years, the movement has gained momentum important open access initiatives include the Principles and Strategies for the Reform of Scholarly

  19. President's Equal Access Scholarship Dear President's Equal Access Scholarship Applicant

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    President's Equal Access Scholarship 2015-2016 Dear President's Equal Access Scholarship Applicant: Thank you for your interest in the Portland State University President's Equal Access Scholarship. We Scholarship is to attract outstanding students from diverse backgrounds and experiences, including racial

  20. DHTML accessibility: solving the JavaScript accessibility problem

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Becky Gibson; Richard S. Schwerdtfeger

    2005-01-01

    This project demonstrates fully keyboard accessible components on a web page working with a screen reader. By adding the appropriate semantic data to web components and having user agents translate this to the platform accessibility application programming interfaces, the user interface of a web site can be made fully accessible to keyboard only and vision impaired users. In addition, the

  1. Kidney Access Device

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Robert; Patel, Mitesh; Mittal, Vijay K.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is the most complicated stone surgery technique to learn. The steep learning curve is related mainly to obtaining precise renal access by puncturing the targeted calyx. A minimally misaligned puncture may lead to torrential bleeding, failure of the surgery, and complications. Renal puncture can take a long time, and the increased fluoroscopic time is a hazard for the patient and surgeon. Methods: To aid in renal puncture and overcome the learning curve associated with learning the renal puncture technique, we designed a kidney access device (KAD), which helps align the 3-dimensional targeted calyx under fluoroscopy for precise needle placement. The KAD allows access to calyces at all angles. A 3-step puncture technique was formulated for puncturing the kidney using the KAD in a porcine model (with comparable renal size and anatomy with humans). To evaluate the practicality of the KAD and its possible advantages and limitations, the KAD was used to puncture 3 targeted calyces of bilateral kidneys in 4 pigs. Guidewires were inserted into the renal collecting system through the placed needle. Results: Mean time per puncture was 4 ± 2 minutes (n = 24). Necropsy showed no retroperitoneal hematoma, visceral organ injury, or active bleeding from kidneys in any of the pigs. Kidneys were dissected and precise intrarenal placements of guidewires in relation to targeted calyces were noted at all 24 sites. Conclusions: The KAD with the 3-step technique aids in the safe and accurate renal puncture, even in novice hands, while drastically reducing operative and fluoroscopy time. The KAD may also be used to access other organs and has potential applications in minimally invasive surgery. PMID:25489217

  2. Intelligent card access keys

    SciTech Connect

    Tennefoss, M.R.

    1987-07-01

    A newly developed access control technology allows information about users to be stored on key-like EEPROM devices. The keys store encrypted information about the user and his or her authorized access activity. Specially developed key readers scan, decrypt, and process the key data, and make the decision whether entry should be granted or denied. The key readers can function as complete, stand-alone facility management systems, incorporating access control, security monitoring, and remote control. In this configuration, the key readers provide anti-passback protection and other special features without requiring any data lines between readers. The key readers also feature sophisticated algorithmic processing for performing complex operations such as two-man control or cross zoned security annunciation. Key readers can also be interconnected with an MCM-1000 Multiples Monitoring System to form a distributed processing local area network. In such a configuration, changes in key reader status can be uploaded to the MCM-1000, and programming changes and operator commands can be downloaded to the key readers.

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access

    E-print Network

    unknown authors

    Origins of the amphiploid species Brassica napus L. investigated by chloroplast and nuclear molecular markers Charlotte J Allender * 1 and Graham J King 2 Background: The amphiploid species Brassica napus (oilseed rape, Canola) is a globally important oil crop yielding food, biofuels and industrial compounds such as lubricants and surfactants. Identification of the likely ancestors of each of the two genomes (designated A and C) found in B. napus would facilitate incorporation of novel alleles from the wider Brassica genepool in oilseed rape crop genetic improvement programmes. Knowledge of the closest extant relatives of the genotypes involved in the initial formation of B. napus would also allow further investigation of the genetic factors required for the formation of a stable amphiploid and permit the more efficient creation of fully fertile re-synthesised B. napus. We have used a combination of chloroplast and nuclear genetic markers to investigate the closest extant relatives of the original maternal progenitors of B. napus. This was based on a comprehensive sampling of the relevant genepools, including 83 accessions of A genome B. rapa L. (both wild and cultivated types), 94 accessions of B. napus and 181 accessions of C genome wild and cultivated B. oleracea L. and related species.

  4. Planning for solar access

    SciTech Connect

    Heckeroth, S.; McLees, C. [Homestead Enterprises, Albion, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Land use planning is often no more than a strategy for getting the most economic value from a given piece of land while attempting to minimize the expense of mitigating environmental impacts. Because conventional fuels are currently inexpensive, development takes place with little consideration for energy efficiency or solar access. By identifying sites with solar access now, planners and building designers can assure that the south facing roofs and walls of future buildings will receive the solar energy necessary to satisfy the energy needs of their occupants. Planner Ian McHarg outlined scientific methods to map natural determinants including geology, hydrology, wildlife, soils, climate, as well as social determinants like population density, energy consumption, and transportation patterns in the late 60s. Overlays of these hand plotted maps gave planners a method of finding the most suitable sites for identified needs but were cost prohibitive for most projects. The affordability of studies done on high speed computers now allows general application of McHargian planning methods. At the time McHarg was developing his planning theory photovoltaics were so expensive their use was restricted to government projects. The low cost of heating with fossil fuels made solar heating expensive by comparison. Today advances in solar technology have made solar electricity and heating competitive with non-renewable energy resources. This paper will show how McHargian planning methods can be effectively used in conjunction with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to include efficiency and renewable energy access in land use decision making.

  5. Accessibility-based transit planning

    E-print Network

    Busby, Jeffrey R

    2004-01-01

    A method for evaluating transit planning proposals using accessibility metrics is advanced in this research. A transit-accessibility model is developed intended for use by in-house transit agency planning staff as a ...

  6. Teen Motherhood and Abortion Access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J Kane; Douglas Staiger

    1996-01-01

    The authors investigate the effect of abortion access on teen birthrates using county-level panel data. Past research suggested that prohibiting abortion led to higher teen birthrates. Perhaps surprisingly, the authors find that more recent restrictions in abortion access, including the closing of abortion clinics and restrictions on Medicaid funding, had the opposite effect. Small declines in access were related to

  7. A language for access control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kumar Avijit; Robert Harper

    We present a language for access control. The language is organized around the notion of execution on behalf of a principal. This is characterized using an indexed lax modality. Central to the language is the idea of manifest security - accessing a resource requires presenting a proof of accessibility to the resource monitor. Proofs are generated at runtime by actions

  8. ENABLING MULTICASTING FOR ACCESS NETWORKS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Duchow; Thomas Bahls; Dirk Timmermann I

    This paper focuses on establishment of multicast mechanisms in Access Networks (AN). Multicast is deemed to be an ap- propriate instrument to relieve communication networks, to save resources and, therefore, to improve global network performance. Multicast mechanisms are analysed and evalu- ated for their usage in Access Networks. The general structure of an Access Network and necessary measures to design

  9. REQUEST FOR ACCESS Business Intelligence

    E-print Network

    University of Technology, Sydney

    2-Mar-10 REQUEST FOR ACCESS Business Intelligence Staff No: Surname: Telephone Ext. No: First name indicate which Business Intelligence Cubes you require access to: User class Gives you access to: Current Intelligence Portal, Management Information Handbook', available from Planning & Quality Unit. Restricted

  10. JAVASCRIPT & AJAX ACCESSIBILITY Becky Gibson

    E-print Network

    JAVASCRIPT & AJAX ACCESSIBILITY Becky Gibson Web Accessibility Architect IBM Emerging Technologies 5 Technology Park Drive Westford, MA 01886 Email: gibsonb@us.ibm.com Introduction Asynchronous JavaScript for developing rich internet applications. Accessibility concerns have arisen with the increased use of JavaScript

  11. Assessment of Distributed Energy Adoption in Commercial Buildings:Part 1: An Analysis of Policy, Building Loads, Tariff Design, andTechnology Development

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun; Marnay, Chris

    2005-12-31

    Rapidly growing electricity demand brings into question theability of traditional grids to expand correspondingly while providingreliable service. An alternative path is the wider application ofdistributed energy resource (DER) that apply combined heat and power(CHP). It can potentially shave peak loads and satiate its growing thirstfor electricity demand, improve overall energy efficiency, and lowercarbon and other pollutant emissions. This research investigates a methodof choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at theBerkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the DistributedEnergy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds theoptimal combination of installed equipment from available DERtechnologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical andthermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a globaloptimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads canbe served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-sitegeneration, heat recovery, and cooling. Utility electricity and gastariffs are key factors determining the economic benefit of a CHPinstallation, however often be neglected. This paper describespreliminary analysis on CHP investment climate in the U.S. and Japan. DERtechnologies, energy prices, and incentive measures has beeninvestigated.

  12. Chemists, Access, Statistics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmes, Jon L.

    2000-06-01

    New JCE Internet Feature at JCE Online Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists is a new JCE Internet feature on JCE Online. Edited by Barbara Burke, this feature provides biographical information on leading chemists, especially women and minority chemists, fostering the attitude that the practitioners of chemistry are as human as those who endeavor to learn about it. Currently, the column features biographical "snapshots" of 30 chemists. Each snapshot includes keywords and bibliography and several contain links to additional online information about the chemist. More biographical snapshots will appear in future installments. In addition, a database listing over 140 women and minority chemists is being compiled and will be made available online with the snapshots in the near future. The database includes the years of birth and death, gender and ethnicity, major and minor discipline, keywords to facilitate searching, and references to additional biographical information. We welcome your input into what we think is a very worthwhile resource. If you would like to provide additional biographical snapshots, see additional chemists added to the database, or know of additional references for those that are already in the database, please contact JCE Online or the feature editor. Your feedback is welcome and appreciated. You can find Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists starting from the JCE Online home page-- click the Features item under JCE Internet and then the Chemist Bios item. Access JCE Online without Name and Password We have recently been swamped by libraries requesting IP-number access to JCE Online. With the great benefit IP-number authentication gives to librarians (no user names and passwords to administer) and to their patrons (no need to remember and enter valid names and passwords) this is not surprising. If you would like access to JCE Online without the need to remember and enter a user name and password, you should tell your librarian about our IP-number access. Current subscriptions can be upgraded to IP-number access at little additional cost. We are pleased to be able to offer to institutions and libraries this convenient mode of access to subscriber only resources at JCE Online. JCE Online Usage Statistics We are continually amazed by the activity at JCE Online. So far, the year 2000 has shown a marked increase. Given the phenomenal overall growth of the Internet, perhaps our surprise is not warranted. However, during the months of January and February 2000, over 38,000 visitors requested over 275,000 pages. This is a monthly increase of over 33% from the October-December 1999 levels. It is good to know that people are visiting, but we would very much like to know what you would most like to see at JCE Online. Please send your suggestions to JCEOnline@chem.wisc.edu. For those who are interested, JCE Online year-to-date statistics are available. Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists: Mission Statement Feature Editor: Barbara Burke Chemistry Department, California State Polytechnic University-Pomona, Pomona, CA 91768 phone: 909/869-3664 fax: 909/869-4616 email: baburke@csupomona.edu The primary goal of this JCE Internet column is to provide information about chemists who have made important contributions to chemistry. For each chemist, there is a short biographical "snapshot" that provides basic information about the person's chemical work, gender, ethnicity, and cultural background. Each snapshot includes links to related websites and to a biobibliographic database. The database provides references for the individual and can be searched through key words listed at the end of each snapshot. All students, not just science majors, need to understand science as it really is: an exciting, challenging, human, and creative way of learning about our natural world. Investigating the life experiences of chemists can provide a means for students to gain a more realistic view of chemistry. In addition students, especially women and minorities, need more scientist role models. When teache

  13. Worm variation made accessible

    PubMed Central

    Snoek, L Basten; Joeri van der Velde, K; Li, Yang; Jansen, Ritsert C; Swertz, Morris A; Kammenga, Jan E

    2014-01-01

    In Caenorhabditis elegans, the recent advances in high-throughput quantitative analyses of natural genetic and phenotypic variation have led to a wealth of data on genotype phenotype relations. This data has resulted in the discovery of genes with major allelic effects and insights in the effect of natural genetic variation on a whole range of complex traits as well as how this variation is distributed across the genome. Regardless of the advances presented in specific studies, the majority of the data generated in these studies had yet to be made easily accessible, allowing for meta-analysis. Not only data in figures or tables but meta-data should be accessible for further investigation and comparison between studies. A platform was created where all the data, phenotypic measurements, genotypes, and mappings can be stored, compared, and new linkages within and between published studies can be discovered. WormQTL focuses on quantitative genetics in Caenorhabditis and other nematode species, whereas WormQTLHD quantitatively links gene expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) in C. elegans to gene–disease associations in humans. PMID:24843834

  14. AccessSTEM

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of Washington's award-winning DO-IT Center (Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking and Technology) collaborates with AccessSTEM, which has been funded by the National Science Foundation since 2002. AccessSTEM, aims to "broaden participation in STEM fields and improve those fields with the perspectives and expertise of people with disabilities." Visitors to the site who are disabled students, faculty, employees, or just the interested public will find much to peruse or read in-depth. There is the longitudinal transition study link in the "For Faculty and Employees" section that tracks the college and career paths of students with disabilities who used the DO-IT program. Visitors will find the "Promising Practices" section, also in the Faculty and Employees section, to be filled with useful articles and innovations. There is "A Smart Board in the Classroom: A Promising Practice for Engaging Students", which addresses how the use of a Smart Board can aid students with attention deficits, visual impairments, and other disabling conditions without bringing the whole class' attention to them.

  15. Accessible nonlinear entanglement witnesses

    E-print Network

    Juan Miguel Arrazola; Oleg Gittsovich; Norbert Lütkenhaus

    2012-03-06

    Verification of entanglement is an important tool to characterize sources and devices for use in quantum computing and communication applications. In a vast majority of experiments entanglement witnesses (EW) are used in order to prove the presence of entanglement in a quantum state. EWs can be constructed from available measurement results and do not require a reconstruction of the whole density matrix (full tomography), which is especially valuable for high-dimensional systems. We provide a method to construct {\\it accessible nonlinear EWs}, which incorporate two important properties. First, they improve on linear EWs in the sense that each non-linear EW detects more entangled states than its linear counterpart and therefore allow the verification of entanglement without critical dependence on having found the 'right' linear witness. Second, they can be evaluated using exactly the same data as for the evaluation of the original linear witness. This allows a reanalysis of published experimental data to strengthen statements about entanglement verification without the requirement to perform additional measurements. These particular properties make the accessible nonlinear EWs attractive for the implementations in current experiments, for they can also enhance the statistical significance of the entanglement verification.

  16. Access Excellence Classic Collection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Another good resource from AccessExcellence.org is the Activities Exchange Classic Collection Web site. The page presents links that focus on a single person or event by putting it into historical context and relating it to current science. Each contains a set of references, classroom activities, graphics, background information, and more. Some of the titles of the activities include The Discovery Of Radioactivity: The Dawn of the Nuclear Age; Radioactivity: Historical Figures; How We See: The First Steps of Human Vision; Discovery, Chance, and the Scientific Method; DNA Structure; and Development of Polio Vaccines. The pages and activities are well designed and offer educators some interesting and unique lessons for their students.

  17. First Monday: Open Access Publishing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The peer-reviewed Internet journal, First Monday (discussed in the August 23, 1996 Scout Report), presents a dreary picture for open access publishing and research. The author of this article, Joseph J. Esposito, comments on The Unexpected Future of Open Access Publishing. Esposito is skeptical of the idea that the age of the Internet and online publishing will bring access to the world's research publications free for everyone, "by shifting the costs to other places in the value chain and disintermediating publishers." Instead, he argues that Open Access will come about at the cost of authors and their proxies. The author details his argument regarding these unanticipated outcomes in this article.

  18. Open Access: An Evolving Alternative

    E-print Network

    Haricombe, Lorraine J.; Emmett, Ada; Alexander, Perry

    2012-08-01

    commissioned by Thomson ISI http://ip? science.thomsonreuters.com/m/pdfs/openaccesscitations2.pdf indicated that some journals utilize an open access model that “does not necessarily equate to more citations in these journals—nor does it equate to fewer.” James Pringle, vice president of development... Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003), and the Bethesda Statement (2003)—were launched to advance the national and international conversation on the topic of open access. The Budapest Open Access Initiative is considered...

  19. Vehicle barrier with access delay

    DOEpatents

    Swahlan, David J; Wilke, Jason

    2013-09-03

    An access delay vehicle barrier for stopping unauthorized entry into secure areas by a vehicle ramming attack includes access delay features for preventing and/or delaying an adversary from defeating or compromising the barrier. A horizontally deployed barrier member can include an exterior steel casing, an interior steel reinforcing member and access delay members disposed within the casing and between the casing and the interior reinforcing member. Access delay members can include wooden structural lumber, concrete and/or polymeric members that in combination with the exterior casing and interior reinforcing member act cooperatively to impair an adversarial attach by thermal, mechanical and/or explosive tools.

  20. CU Learn Access/Course Access Operations, Training

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    is to provide detailed instructions for accessing CU Learn and enrolling in a classroom or a web-based training. When · Any time a learner needs to take a training. Materials · Access to the internet Resources · CU of classroom and/or web-based trainings will be listed 11. Click the Enroll button on the course you would like

  1. Self-Access Centers: Maximizing Learners' Access to Center Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMurry, Benjamin L.; Tanner, Mark W.; Anderson, Neil J.

    2009-01-01

    Although some students have discovered how to use self-access centers effectively, the majority appear to be unaware of available resources. A website and database of materials were created to help students locate materials and use the Self-Access Study Center (SASC) at Brigham Young University's English Language Center (ELC) more effectively.…

  2. Information Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami

    E-print Network

    a user wants to get some information, he or she must bear two burdens. One is to choose a specific systemInformation Access Router for Integrated Information Access System Koji Murakami Department System (IIAS) that accepts diverse kinds of questions and provides the requested information in the most

  3. The Table Access Protocol: Providing standard access to astronomical data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nandrekar-Heinis, D.; Michel, L.; Louys, M.; Bonnarel, F.

    2014-11-01

    In the upcoming era of large scale, geographically distributed, varied sources of astronomical data, a standard, simple and flexible way to access this data is necessary and useful for astronomers across the globe. Most of the modern surveys such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) are available in well organized tabular formats. The Table Access Protocol (TAP) supports a standard web interface to access this kind of tabular data. Predefined queries and results formats help different data providers to implement these services. TAP also helps various software tools to access data and perform cross-matches seamlessly across different data sources. It is then possible to access data in tools that consume TAP web services. This supports further detailed data analysis on a queried slice of data. This document describes TAP and its utility for astronomers and data scientists. It also provides information on the protocol for data providers and developers.

  4. Remote direct memory access

    DOEpatents

    Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.

    2012-12-11

    Methods, parallel computers, and computer program products are disclosed for remote direct memory access. Embodiments include transmitting, from an origin DMA engine on an origin compute node to a plurality target DMA engines on target compute nodes, a request to send message, the request to send message specifying a data to be transferred from the origin DMA engine to data storage on each target compute node; receiving, by each target DMA engine on each target compute node, the request to send message; preparing, by each target DMA engine, to store data according to the data storage reference and the data length, including assigning a base storage address for the data storage reference; sending, by one or more of the target DMA engines, an acknowledgment message acknowledging that all the target DMA engines are prepared to receive a data transmission from the origin DMA engine; receiving, by the origin DMA engine, the acknowledgement message from the one or more of the target DMA engines; and transferring, by the origin DMA engine, data to data storage on each of the target compute nodes according to the data storage reference using a single direct put operation.

  5. Nonvolatile random access memory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, Jiin-Chuan (Inventor); Stadler, Henry L. (Inventor); Katti, Romney R. (Inventor)

    1994-01-01

    A nonvolatile magnetic random access memory can be achieved by an array of magnet-Hall effect (M-H) elements. The storage function is realized with a rectangular thin-film ferromagnetic material having an in-plane, uniaxial anisotropy and inplane bipolar remanent magnetization states. The thin-film magnetic element is magnetized by a local applied field, whose direction is used to form either a 0 or 1 state. The element remains in the 0 or 1 state until a switching field is applied to change its state. The stored information is detcted by a Hall-effect sensor which senses the fringing field from the magnetic storage element. The circuit design for addressing each cell includes transistor switches for providing a current of selected polarity to store a binary digit through a separate conductor overlying the magnetic element of the cell. To read out a stored binary digit, transistor switches are employed to provide a current through a row of Hall-effect sensors connected in series and enabling a differential voltage amplifier connected to all Hall-effect sensors of a column in series. To avoid read-out voltage errors due to shunt currents through resistive loads of the Hall-effect sensors of other cells in the same column, at least one transistor switch is provided between every pair of adjacent cells in every row which are not turned on except in the row of the selected cell.

  6. Mobile access control vestibule

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DePoy, Jennifer M.

    1998-12-01

    The mobile access control vestibule (MACV) is an adaptation of techniques developed for mobile military command centers. The overall configuration of modules acts as an entry control/screening facility or transportable command center. The system would provide the following capabilities: (1) A key element for force protection, rapid deployment units sent to areas having no prepositioned equipment or where there has been a degradation of that equipment as a result of natural disasters or civil unrest. (2) A rapidly deployable security control center to upgrade the security at nonmilitary sites (e.g., diplomatic or humanitarian organizations). (3) Personnel screening, package screening, badge/identification card production for authorized personnel, centralized monitoring of deployed perimeter sensors, and centralized communications for law enforcement personnel. (4) Self-contained screening and threat detection systems, including explosives detection using the system developed by Sandia National Laboratories for the FAA. When coupled with transportable electric generators, the system is self-sufficient. The communication system for the MACV would be a combination of physically wired and wireless communication units that supports by ad hoc networking.

  7. Access to space study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    This report summarizes the results of a comprehensive NASA in-house study to identify and assess alternate approaches to access to space through the year 2030, and to select and recommend a preferred cause of action. The goals of the study were to identify the best vehicles and transportation architectures to make major reductions in the cost of space transportation (at least 50%), while at the same time increasing safety for flight crews by at least an order of magnitude. In addition, vehicle reliability was to exceed 0.98 percent, and, as important, the robustness, pad time, turnaround time, and other aspects of operability were to be vastly improved. This study examined three major optional architectures: (1) retain and upgrade the Space Shuttle and expendable launch vehicles; (2) develop new expendable vehicles using conventional technologies and transition from current vehicles beginning in 2005; and (3) develop new reusable vehicles using advanced technology, and transition from current vehicles beginning in 2008. The launch-needs, mission model utilized for for the study was based upon today's projection of civil, defense, and commercial mission payload requirements.

  8. Making Astronomy Accessible

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grice, Noreen A.

    2011-05-01

    A new semester begins, and your students enter the classroom for the first time. You notice a student sitting in a wheelchair or walking with assistance from a cane. Maybe you see a student with a guide dog or carrying a Braille computer. Another student gestures "hello” but then continues hand motions, and you realize the person is actually signing. You wonder why another student is using an electronic device to speak. Think this can't happen in your class? According to the U.S. Census, one out of every five Americans has a disability. And some disabilities, such as autism, dyslexia and arthritis, are considered "invisible” disabilities. This means you have a high probability that one of your students will have a disability. As an astronomy instructor, you have the opportunity to reach a wide variety of learners by using creative teaching strategies. I will share some suggestions on how to make astronomy and your part of the universe more accessible for everyone.

  9. Minority Access to Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Nathaniel

    2012-01-01

    Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and Asian Americans are entitled to equal access to all institutions of higher education. Ensuring greater access and participation by minorities in higher education is one of the most practical ways of moving America closer to the ideal of equal opportunity, which is the actualization of the American dream.…

  10. Rural Access. AACC Project Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eller, Ronald; Martinez, Ruben; Pace, Cynthia; Pavel, Michael; Garza, Hector; Barnett, Lynn

    The Rural Community College Initiative (RCCI) provides funds and technical assistance to targeted community colleges in an effort to improve educational access and foster economic development in distressed rural areas of the United States. This project brief describes RCCI's attempts to increase access by implementing an approach more holistic…

  11. PUBLIC ACCESS TELEVISION: ALTERNATIVE VIEWS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas Kellner; Frantz Fanon

    The rapid expansion of public access television in recent years provides new possibilities for progressive individuals and groups to produce video programming that cuts against the conservative programming that dominates mainstream television in the United States. Progressive access programming is now being cablecast regularly in such places as New York, Los Angeles, Boston, Chicago, Atlanta, Madison, Urbana, Austin, and perhaps

  12. Perceptions of Cable Public Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banks, Mark J.; Porter, Gregory S.

    Members of the local community should be aware of public access channels on cable television systems, yet large segments of the public are unaware that they exist. To determine how the medium was perceived in the Milwaukee, Wisconsin area, a study surveyed 226 individuals by telephone, asking if they were aware of public or community access on…

  13. Emacspeak—direct speech access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. V. Raman

    1996-01-01

    Emacspeak is a full-fledged speech output inter- face to Emacs, and is being used to provide direct speech access to a UNIX workstation. The kind of speech access provided by Emacspeak is qual- itatively different from what conventional screen- readers provide —emacspeak makes applications speak— as opposed to speaking the screen. Emacspeak is the first full-fledged speech output system that

  14. NCI Web 508 Accessibility Comment

    Cancer.gov

    The Web sites at the National Cancer Institute have been designed to be accessible to all users, compliant with the 508 standards, and compatible with screen readers and other assistive technologies. However, this is an ongoing process and it is possible that some users with disabilities may encounter problems accessing some pages.

  15. Accessibility in E-Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Simon

    2009-01-01

    E-assessment offers many opportunities to broaden the range of tools at the assessor's disposal and thereby improve the overall accessibility of the assessment experience. In 2006, TechDis commissioned a report, produced by Edexcel, on the state of guidance on accessibility at the various stages of the assessment process--question design,…

  16. Guidelines for Outsourcing Remote Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassler, Ardoth; Neuman, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing remote access to campus computer networks and the Internet, focusing on improved service, cost-sharing, partnerships with vendors, supported protocols, bandwidth, scope of access, implementation, support, network security, and pricing. Includes a checklist for a request for proposals on…

  17. Internet Accessibility in Latin America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haymond, Ruel

    1998-01-01

    Addresses the problems that prohibit expanded Internet access and possible solutions to these problems, particularly with respect to the country of Chile. The three main problems that block Internet usage in Latin America are high demand and poor infrastructure; high costs for Internet access; and high preliminary costs for computers, modems, and…

  18. Secure Web Access Control Algorithm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Filip Ioan; Szeidert Iosif; Vasar Cristian

    The paper presents a flexible and efficient method to secure the access to a Web site implemented in PHP script language. The algorithm is based on the PHP's session mechanism. The proposed method is a general one and offers the possibility to implement a PHP based secured access to a Web site, through a portal page and using an additional

  19. Deposit Insurance During EU Accession

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nikolay Nenovsky; Kalina Dimitrova

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents a brief review of the systems of deposit insurance in accession countries, comparing their level of harmonization with the perspective of their EU integration. Studying the different practices of deposit insurance in the context of developing financial safety nets in future Europe we have found that: (i) there is overinsurance of deposits in accession countries, and (ii)

  20. Announced Retransmission Random Access Protocols

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Raychaudhuri

    1985-01-01

    A new contention-based broadcast multiaccess protocol called announced retransmission random access (ARRA) is introduced and analyzed in this paper. The proposed class of protocols increases the capacity of a slotted random access channel by adding a small amount of potentially useful control information to every message transmission. In particular, the ARRA technique requires users to announce the intended location of

  1. Stereotactic Mechanical Percutaneous Renal Access

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JEFFREY A. CADEDDU; DAN STOIANOVICI; ROLAND N. CHEN; ROBERT G. MOORE; LOUIS R. KAVOUSSI

    1998-01-01

    Obtaining accurate percutaneous renal access when treating intrarenal disease requires substantial skill. Ro- botic devices have been used in a variety of surgical applications and have been successful in facilitating per- cutaneous puncture while improving accuracy. Laboratory models of robotic devices for percutaneous renal access have also been developed. However, several technical hurdles need to be addressed. One relates to

  2. Promise Problems and Access to Unambiguous Computation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jin-yi Cai; Jozef Vyskoc

    1992-01-01

    This paper studies the power of three types of access to unambiguous computation: nonadaptive access, fault-tolerant access,\\u000a and guarded access. (1) Though for NP it is known that nonadaptive access has exponentially terse adaptive simulations, we\\u000a show that UP has no such relativizable simulations: there are worlds in which (k+1)-truth-table access to UP is not subsumed by k-Turing access to

  3. Internet Access to Spacecraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rash, James; Parise, Ron; Hogie, Keith; Criscuolo, Ed; Langston, Jim; Jackson, Chris; Price, Harold; Powers, Edward I. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The Operating Missions as Nodes on the Internet (OMNI) project at NASA's Goddard Space flight Center (GSFC), is demonstrating the use of standard Internet protocols for spacecraft communication systems. This year, demonstrations of Internet access to a flying spacecraft have been performed with the UoSAT-12 spacecraft owned and operated by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. (SSTL). Previously, demonstrations were performed using a ground satellite simulator and NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS). These activities are part of NASA's Space Operations Management Office (SOMO) Technology Program, The work is focused on defining the communication architecture for future NASA missions to support both NASA's "faster, better, cheaper" concept and to enable new types of collaborative science. The use of standard Internet communication technology for spacecraft simplifies design, supports initial integration and test across an IP based network, and enables direct communication between scientists and instruments as well as between different spacecraft, The most recent demonstrations consisted of uploading an Internet Protocol (IP) software stack to the UoSAT- 12 spacecraft, simple modifications to the SSTL ground station, and a series of tests to measure performance of various Internet applications. The spacecraft was reconfigured on orbit at very low cost. The total period between concept and the first tests was only 3 months. The tests included basic network connectivity (PING), automated clock synchronization (NTP), and reliable file transfers (FTP). Future tests are planned to include additional protocols such as Mobile IP, e-mail, and virtual private networks (VPN) to enable automated, operational spacecraft communication networks. The work performed and results of the initial phase of tests are summarized in this paper. This work is funded and directed by NASA/GSFC with technical leadership by CSC in arrangement with SSTL, and Vytek Wireless.

  4. Three essays on access pricing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sydee, Ahmed Nasim

    In the first essay, a theoretical model is developed to determine the time path of optimal access price in the telecommunications industry. Determining the optimal access price is an important issue in the economics of telecommunications. Setting a high access price discourages potential entrants; a low access price, on the other hand, amounts to confiscation of private property because the infrastructure already built by the incumbent is sunk. Furthermore, a low access price does not give the incumbent incentives to maintain the current network and to invest in new infrastructures. Much of the existing literature on access pricing suffers either from the limitations of a static framework or from the assumption that all costs are avoidable. The telecommunications industry is subject to high stranded costs and, therefore, to address this issue a dynamic model is imperative. This essay presents a dynamic model of one-way access pricing in which the compensation involved in deregulatory taking is formalized and then analyzed. The short run adjustment after deregulatory taking has occurred is carried out and discussed. The long run equilibrium is also analyzed. A time path for the Ramsey price is shown as the correct dynamic price of access. In the second essay, a theoretical model is developed to determine the time path of optimal access price for an infrastructure that is characterized by congestion and lumpy investment. Much of the theoretical literature on access pricing of infrastructure prescribes that the access price be set at the marginal cost of the infrastructure. In proposing this rule of access pricing, the conventional analysis assumes that infrastructure investments are infinitely divisible so that it makes sense to talk about the marginal cost of investment. Often it is the case that investments in infrastructure are lumpy and can only be made in large chunks, and this renders the marginal cost concept meaningless. In this essay, we formalize a model of access pricing with congestion and in which investments in infrastructure are lumpy. To fix ideas, the model is formulated in the context of airport infrastructure investments, which captures both the element of congestion and the lumpiness involved in infrastructure investments. The optimal investment program suggests how many units of capacity should be installed and at which times. Because time is continuous in the model, the discounted cost -- despite the lumpiness of capacity additions -- can be made to vary continuously by varying the time a capacity addition is made. The main results that emerge from the analysis can be described as follows: First, the global demand for air travel rises with time and experiences an upward jump whenever a capacity addition is made. Second, the access price is constant and stays at the basic level when the system is not congested. When the system is congested, a congestion surcharge is imposed on top of the basic level, and the congestion surcharge rises with the level of congestion until the next capacity addition is made at which time the access price takes a downward jump. Third, the individual demand for air travel is constant before congestion sets in and after the last capacity addition takes place. During a time interval in which congestion rises, the individual demand for travel is below the level that prevails when there is no congestion and declines as congestion worsens. The third essay contains a model of access pricing for natural gas transmission pipelines, both when pipeline operators are regulated and when they behave strategically. The high sunk costs involved in building a pipeline network constitute a serious barrier of entry, and competitive behaviour in the transmission pipeline sector cannot be expected. Most of the economic analyses of access pricing for natural gas transmission pipelines are carried out from the regulatory perspective, and the access price paid by shippers are cost-based. The model formalized is intended to capture some essential characteristics of networks in which components inte

  5. Surveillance of hemodialysis vascular access.

    PubMed

    Whittier, William L

    2009-06-01

    A mature, functional arteriovenous (AV) access is the lifeline for a hemodialysis (HD) patient as it provides sufficient enough blood flow for adequate dialysis. As the chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population is expanding, and because of the well-recognized hazardous complications of dialysis catheters, the projected placement and use of AV accesses for HD is on the rise. Although a superior access than catheters, AV accesses are not without complications. The primary complication that causes AV accesses to fail is stenosis with subsequent thrombosis. Surveying for stenosis can be performed in a variety of ways. Clinical monitoring, measuring flow, determining pressure, and measuring recirculation are all methods that show promise. In addition, stenosis can be directly visualized, through noninvasive techniques such as color duplex imaging, or through minimally invasive venography. Each method of screening has its advantages and disadvantages, and several studies exist which attempt to answer the question of which test is the most useful. Ultimately, to maintain the functionality of the access for the HD patient, a team approach becomes imperative. The collaboration and cooperation of the patient, nephrologist, dialysis nurse and technician, vascular access coordinator, interventionalist, and vascular surgeon is necessary to preserve this lifeline. PMID:21326504

  6. Success factors for open access.

    PubMed

    Till, James E

    2003-01-01

    Open access to the peer-reviewed primary research literature would greatly facilitate knowledge transfer between the creators and the users of the results of research and scholarship. Criteria are needed to assess the impact of recent initiatives, such as the Budapest Open Access Initiative. For example, how many open-access research journals exist within a given field, and what is the reputation of each one? And, how many openly-accessible institutional e-print archives have been created and how many are actually are being used by researchers and scholars? A simple approach to an assessment of the open-access portion of the medical literature is described, and some preliminary results are summarized. These preliminary results point to the need for incentives to foster the implementation of initiatives such as the Budapest Open Access Initiative. An example of an incentive model is proposed, where an agency or foundation that provides peer-reviewed grants-in-aid to researchers establishes an e-print archive. Only current grantees of the agency would be eligible to post reports about the results of research projects or programs that have been supported by the agency. Some advantages and implications of this particular model are outlined. It is suggested that incentive models of this kind are needed to increase the likelihood that open access to the primary medical research literature will soon reach a "tipping point" and move quickly toward wide acceptance. PMID:12746206

  7. Preparing for the New Remote Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, William E.

    1997-01-01

    Integrated remote access servers support many different types of access. Remote access has been integrated as a strategic tool as application developers build remote access capabilities into their software. Discusses demands of using remote access as a strategic component and management matters. (AEF)

  8. Learning Object Metadata for Learning Content Accessibility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Sampson

    Accessibility metadata for learning content is identified as an interesting topic in educational metadata authoring. In this paper, we address learning content accessibility proposing an accessibility application profile of the IEEE LOM based on IMS Accessibility for LIP recommendations. The result is a metadata model that allows learning content selection according to accessibility requirements of learners, providing the necessary learning

  9. Open access movement in science and research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malgorzata Pankowska

    2011-01-01

    The paper covers considerations on open access movement for science and research development. The first part includes discussions on what an open access is, next the business model of open access publishing is presented. The third subchapter comprises the review of open access solutions developed at 20 universities around the world. In conclusion open access movement is interpreted as socio-economic

  10. Evolutionary Accessibility of Mutational Pathways

    PubMed Central

    Franke, Jasper; Klözer, Alexander; de Visser, J. Arjan G. M.; Krug, Joachim

    2011-01-01

    Functional effects of different mutations are known to combine to the total effect in highly nontrivial ways. For the trait under evolutionary selection (‘fitness’), measured values over all possible combinations of a set of mutations yield a fitness landscape that determines which mutational states can be reached from a given initial genotype. Understanding the accessibility properties of fitness landscapes is conceptually important in answering questions about the predictability and repeatability of evolutionary adaptation. Here we theoretically investigate accessibility of the globally optimal state on a wide variety of model landscapes, including landscapes with tunable ruggedness as well as neutral ‘holey’ landscapes. We define a mutational pathway to be accessible if it contains the minimal number of mutations required to reach the target genotype, and if fitness increases in each mutational step. Under this definition accessibility is high, in the sense that at least one accessible pathway exists with a substantial probability that approaches unity as the dimensionality of the fitness landscape (set by the number of mutational loci) becomes large. At the same time the number of alternative accessible pathways grows without bounds. We test the model predictions against an empirical 8-locus fitness landscape obtained for the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. By analyzing subgraphs of the full landscape containing different subsets of mutations, we are able to probe the mutational distance scale in the empirical data. The predicted effect of high accessibility is supported by the empirical data and is very robust, which we argue reflects the generic topology of sequence spaces. Together with the restrictive assumptions that lie in our definition of accessibility, this implies that the globally optimal configuration should be accessible to genome wide evolution, but the repeatability of evolutionary trajectories is limited owing to the presence of a large number of alternative mutational pathways. PMID:21876664

  11. 7 CFR 54.13 - Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments. 54.13 Section... Regulations Service § 54.13 Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments....

  12. 7 CFR 54.13 - Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments. 54.13 Section... Regulations Service § 54.13 Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments....

  13. 7 CFR 54.13 - Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments. 54.13 Section... Regulations Service § 54.13 Accessibility and refrigeration of products; access to establishments....

  14. Computer Security Systems Enable Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riggen, Gary

    1989-01-01

    A good security system enables access and protects information from damage or tampering, but the most important aspects of a security system aren't technical. A security procedures manual addresses the human element of computer security. (MLW)

  15. Computer access security code system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, Earl R., Jr. (inventor)

    1990-01-01

    A security code system for controlling access to computer and computer-controlled entry situations comprises a plurality of subsets of alpha-numeric characters disposed in random order in matrices of at least two dimensions forming theoretical rectangles, cubes, etc., such that when access is desired, at least one pair of previously unused character subsets not found in the same row or column of the matrix is chosen at random and transmitted by the computer. The proper response to gain access is transmittal of subsets which complete the rectangle, and/or a parallelepiped whose opposite corners were defined by first groups of code. Once used, subsets are not used again to absolutely defeat unauthorized access by eavesdropping, and the like.

  16. National Alliance for Accessible Golf

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    With the aim of creating a more inclusive environment on golf courses, the National Alliance for Accessible Golf website provides a variety of online resources. Of especial interest are two PDF toolkits which help guide golf course owners, operators and players through the specifics of making golf more accessible to people with disabilities. Project GAIN (Golf: Accessible and Inclusive Networks) is a national research project and a key component in the Alliance's strategy to help make golf more accessible - a basic outline of the project is provided on the site as well as a video which outlines the aims of the GAIN. Also provided for users is a list of links to other online resources related to golf and disability issues as well as information about how to get involved with both the Alliance and Project GAIN.

  17. Ultrasound guidance for vascular access.

    PubMed

    Abboud, Paul-André C; Kendall, John L

    2004-08-01

    The evidence that supports the general application of US guidance for venous access in the ED has reached a critical mass. The increasing familiarity of emergency physicians with US and the recent focus on patient safety and clinical outcomes has intensified attention on the capacity for US to improve patient care in the ED. US guidance can increase the safety and efficiency of venous access procedures and offers improved outcomes. The potential for these improvements is compelling, especially among certain types of ED patients such as those with difficult or complicated access. Varying levels of evidence support the use of US guidance over the traditional landmark approach for venous access in adult and pediatric populations and for central and peripheral veins. Many different techniques may be applied, depending on the clinical situation and equipment available. PMID:15301849

  18. 75 FR 76729 - Market Access Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-09

    ...FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION Market Access Agreement AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration...the amended and restated market access agreement...the Amended and Restated Market Access Agreement (MAA) proposed to be entered into...

  19. 76 FR 67440 - Market Access Agreement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ...FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION Market Access Agreement AGENCY: Farm Credit Administration...Second Amended and Restated Market Access Agreement; request for comments...Second Amended and Restated Market Access Agreement (Draft Second Restated MAA)...

  20. 77 FR 37553 - Access Authorization Fees

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-22

    ...RIN 3150-AJ00 Access Authorization Fees...Commission. ACTION: Direct final rule; confirmation...May 3, 2012. The direct final rule amended the NRC's access authorization fees...information for this direct final rule. You may access information...

  1. 36 CFR 910.51 - Access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Access. 910.51 Section 910.51 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT AREA Glossary of Terms § 910.51 Access. Access, when used in...

  2. 36 CFR 910.51 - Access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false Access. 910.51 Section 910.51 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT AREA Glossary of Terms § 910.51 Access. Access, when used in...

  3. 36 CFR 910.51 - Access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Access. 910.51 Section 910.51 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...DEVELOPMENT WITHIN THE PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT AREA Glossary of Terms § 910.51 Access. Access, when used in...

  4. 5 CFR 2606.203 - Granting access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRIVACY...access to the record. (h) Access to medical records. When a request for access involves medical or psychological records that the...

  5. 5 CFR 2606.203 - Granting access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRIVACY...access to the record. (h) Access to medical records. When a request for access involves medical or psychological records that the...

  6. 5 CFR 2606.203 - Granting access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRIVACY...access to the record. (h) Access to medical records. When a request for access involves medical or psychological records that the...

  7. 5 CFR 2606.203 - Granting access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRIVACY...access to the record. (h) Access to medical records. When a request for access involves medical or psychological records that the...

  8. 5 CFR 2606.203 - Granting access.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRIVACY...access to the record. (h) Access to medical records. When a request for access involves medical or psychological records that the...

  9. PROCUREMENT CARD US BANK ACCESS ONLINE

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    PROCUREMENT CARD US BANK ACCESS ONLINE DELEGATE USER GUIDE Contracts and Procurement Procurement................................................... 21 #12;3 Web Browser Security Settings Before you can us the US Bank Access online system, you must Login to the Access Online system ............................................................ 6

  10. Quantum spread spectrum multiple access

    E-print Network

    Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin; Pedro Chamorro-Posada

    2014-11-27

    We describe a quantum multiple access scheme that can take separate single photon channels and combine them in the same path. We propose an add-drop multiplexer that can insert or extract a single photon into an optical fibre carrying the qubits of all the other users. The system follows the principle of code division multiple access, a spread spectrum technique widely used in cellular networks.

  11. Neurological complications of vascular access.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Christopher P

    2015-03-01

    Neurological problems are common in patients undergoing haemodialysis. Over 60% of patients will suffer from symptoms of underlying polyneuropathy due to uraemia or diabetes. Others will have subclinical disease demonstrable by nerve conduction studies.Nerve injury following haemodialysis access surgery is underreported. However, sensory nerve lesions are probably common after most vascular access procedures but are rarely debilitating.Nerve compression syndromes such as carpal tunnel and ulnar compression syndromes are common, especially in patients who have been on dialysis for some years and at least some of these are related to or exacerbated by the access. Recognition is essential as they are eminently treatable by decompression surgery. Tourniquet use appears to be safe for carpal tunnel or ulnar nerve decompression surgery.Ischaemic monomelic neuropathy (IMN) is rare but follows a period of ischaemia during or as a result of access surgery, most commonly to construct a brachial arteriovenous fistula or graft. It is characterised by intense pain, out of proportion to any ischaemia, involves all of the upper limb nerves and may progress to involve the motor nerves eventually resulting in a useless clawed hand. It requires prompt treatment of any residual ischaemia after access creation, if necessary by access ligation, as in the established syndrome, like the even rarer complication of reflex sympathetic dystrophy, it is very difficult to offer any useful treatment other than symptomatic relief and physiotherapy. PMID:25751556

  12. Implementation of a vascular access quality programme improves vascular access care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. van Loon; W. van der Mark; N. Beukers; C. de Bruin; P. J. Blankestijn; R. M. Huisman; J. J. Zijlstra; F. M. van der Sande; J. H. M. Tordoir

    2007-01-01

    Introduction. In the Netherlands an access quality improvement plan (QIP) was introduced by vascular access coordinators (VAC) with the aim to decrease vascular access-related complications by preemptive intervention of malfunctioning accesses. A vascular access QIP was established in 24 centres (46% of all Dutch facilities) and a structural multidisciplinary vascular access meeting was instituted. In these centres, including 2300 patients,

  13. A Tariff for Reactive Power

    SciTech Connect

    Kueck, John D [ORNL; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Tufon, Christopher [Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Isemonger, Alan [California Independent System Operator

    2008-07-01

    Two kinds of power are required to operate an electric power system: real power, measured in watts, and reactive power, measured in volt-amperes reactive or VARs. Reactive power supply is one of a class of power system reliability services collectively known as ancillary services, and is essential for the reliable operation of the bulk power system. Reactive power flows when current leads or lags behind voltage. Typically, the current in a distribution system lags behind voltage because of inductive loads such as motors. Reactive power flow wastes energy and capacity and causes voltage droop. To correct lagging power flow, leading reactive power (current leading voltage) is supplied to bring the current into phase with voltage. When the current is in phase with voltage, there is a reduction in system losses, an increase in system capacity, and a rise in voltage. Reactive power can be supplied from either static or dynamic VAR sources. Static sources are typically transmission and distribution equipment, such as capacitors at substations, and their cost has historically been included in the revenue requirement of the transmission operator (TO), and recovered through cost-of-service rates. By contrast, dynamic sources are typically generators capable of producing variable levels of reactive power by automatically controlling the generator to regulate voltage. Transmission system devices such as synchronous condensers can also provide dynamic reactive power. A class of solid state devices (called flexible AC transmission system devices or FACTs) can provide dynamic reactive power. One specific device has the unfortunate name of static VAR compensator (SVC), where 'static' refers to the solid state nature of the device (it does not include rotating equipment) and not to the production of static reactive power. Dynamic sources at the distribution level, while more costly would be very useful in helping to regulate local voltage. Local voltage regulation would reduce system losses, increase circuit capacity, increase reliability, and improve efficiency. Reactive power is theoretically available from any inverter-based equipment such as photovoltaic (PV) systems, fuel cells, microturbines, and adjustable-speed drives. However, the installation is usually only economical if reactive power supply is considered during the design and construction phase. In this report, we find that if the inverters of PV systems or the generators of combined heat and power (CHP) systems were designed with capability to supply dynamic reactive power, they could do this quite economically. In fact, on an annualized basis, these inverters and generators may be able to supply dynamic reactive power for about $5 or $6 per kVAR. The savings from the local supply of dynamic reactive power would be in reduced losses, increased capacity, and decreased transmission congestion. The net savings are estimated to be about $7 per kVAR on an annualized basis for a hypothetical circuit. Thus the distribution company could economically purchase a dynamic reactive power service from customers for perhaps $6/kVAR. This practice would provide for better voltage regulation in the distribution system and would provide an alternate revenue source to help amortize the cost of PV and CHP installations. As distribution and transmission systems are operated under rising levels of stress, the value of local dynamic reactive supply is expected to grow. Also, large power inverters, in the range of 500 kW to 1 MW, are expected to decrease in cost as they become mass produced. This report provides one data point which shows that the local supply of dynamic reactive power is marginally profitable at present for a hypothetical circuit. We expect that the trends of growing power flow on the existing system and mass production of inverters for distributed energy devices will make the dynamic supply of reactive power from customers an integral component of economical and reliable system operation in the future.

  14. Access to the Internet and Web

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Recently revised, this page from the Blindness Resource Center is an annotated directory of Websites dealing with issues of Internet access for the blind. The categories include accessible Web design, LYNX Web browser use, Net Tamer, access resources, Unix access, Java access, Windows access, and other blindness links. The sites presented are sharply-focused and provide specific information and instructions for the blind and support staff on software designed to improve access, as well as detailed advice to Webmasters on creating sites that are accessible. The Website is sponsored and maintained by the New York Institute for Special Education.

  15. The 'SAFARI' Technique Using Retrograde Access Via Peroneal Artery Access

    SciTech Connect

    Zhuang, Kun Da, E-mail: zkunda@gmail.com [Singapore General Hospital, Interventional Radiology Centre (Singapore); Tan, Seck Guan [Singapore General Hospital, Department of General Surgery (Singapore); Tay, Kiang Hiong [Singapore General Hospital, Interventional Radiology Centre (Singapore)

    2012-08-15

    The 'SAFARI' technique or subintimal arterial flossing with antegrade-retrograde intervention is a method for recanalisation of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) when subintimal angioplasty fails. Retrograde access is usually obtained via the popliteal, distal anterior tibial artery (ATA)/dorsalis pedis (DP), or distal posterior tibial artery (PTA). Distal access via the peroneal artery has not been described and has a risk of continued bleeding, leading to compartment syndrome due to its deep location. We describe our experience in two patients with retrograde access via the peroneal artery and the use of balloon-assisted hemostasis for these retrograde punctures. This approach may potentially give more options for endovascular interventions in lower limb CTOs.

  16. Directory of Open Access Journals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    At the time of this writing, the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) indexes and provides access to 1,720,260 articles in 9,986 journals from 134 countries. Dozens of fields are represented here, covering ten broad areas, including Medicine, Health Sciences, Biology and Life Science, Social Sciences, and Technology and Engineering. Think about starting with Latest News, where DOAJ lists updates and interesting tidbits. The heart of the site, of course, is its Search function, where readers can search by Title, Keywords, Subject, and other categories, as well as by Journal Language, Country of Publication, and Publisher. Anyone looking for access to high-quality, peer-reviewed, freely available research will appreciate this innovative site.

  17. Accessible Capacity of Secondary Users

    E-print Network

    Ma, Xiao; Lin, Lei; Bai, Baoming

    2010-01-01

    A new problem formulation is presented for the Gaussian interference channels (GIFC) with two pairs of users, which are distinguished as primary users and secondary users, respectively. The primary users employ a pair of encoder and decoder that were originally designed to satisfy a given error performance requirement under the assumption that no interference exists from other users. In the case when the secondary users attempt to access the same medium, we are interested in the maximum transmission rate (defined as {\\em accessible capacity}) at which secondary users can communicate reliably without affecting the error performance requirement by the primary users under the constraint that the primary encoder (not the decoder) is kept unchanged. By modeling the primary encoder as a generalized trellis code (GTC), we are then able to treat the secondary link as a finite state channel (FSC). The relation of the accessible capacity to the capacity region of the GIFC is revealed. Upper and lower bounds on the acce...

  18. Accessing CAD Geometry for Mesh Generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark W. Beall; Joe Walsh; Mark S. Shephard

    2003-01-01

    One of the major issues of mesh generation today is access to CAD geometry in an accurate and efficient manner. This paper will provide an overview the process of accessing CAD geometry for mesh generation and will review several of the issues associated with accessing CAD geometry for mesh generation. This paper will also evaluate alternative techniques for accessing CAD

  19. Designing learning systems to provide accessible services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

    2005-01-01

    The need for providing learners with web-based learning content that match their accessibility needs and preferences, as well as providing ways to match learning content to user's devices has been identified as an important issue in accessible educational hypermedia literature. Several initiatives already exist trying to provide accessible web-based learning environments addressing a broad range of access needs and requirements.

  20. ID Card Access Request Form Department: ____________________________________________________________

    E-print Network

    ID Card Access Request Form Department: _____________________ This Card Access Request activates your card for access to the building after hours, at any card reader door a access code recently, please fill out the form below. Please allow up to 48 hours for your card

  1. Educational Access in Ghana. Country Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyeampong, K.; Djangmah, J.; Oduro, A.; Seidu, A.; Hunt, F.

    2008-01-01

    This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schools in Ghana. It outlines policy and legislation on access to education and provides an analysis of access, vulnerability and exclusion. It is based on findings from the Country Analytic Report on Access to Basic Education in Ghana (Akyeampong et al, 2007) [ED508809] which can be…

  2. Research into open access science publishing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Welfare Irivwieri

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of some issues and controversies surrounding arguments for research into open access. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper begins with a brief investigation of some background on library, research into open access, questions and then considers three major public definitions of open access, types of open access journals currently available,

  3. Containment of Conjunctive Queries under Access Limitations

    E-print Network

    Calvanese, Diego

    with a uniform access to the data [8, 14]. Often, in the context of Web data integration, no direct accessContainment of Conjunctive Queries under Access Limitations (extended abstract) Andrea Cal-39100 Bolzano, Italy ac@andreacali.com, calvanese@inf.unibz.it Abstract. Relational data may have access

  4. Macquarie University Design Standards EMERGENCY VEHICLE ACCESS

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yan

    OF ACCESS TO BUILDINGS 14.1 Fire Brigade vehicles shall have direct access to at least one face of everyMacquarie University Design Standards EMERGENCY VEHICLE ACCESS FIRE SAFETY CODE PART 14 MAINTENANCE building by means of a street, bridge, yard or private roadway, in accordance with 14.2 Access Requirements

  5. Educational Access in India. Country Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online Submission, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schools in India. It outlines policy and legislation on access to education and provides an analysis of access, vulnerability and exclusion. The quantitative data is supported by a review of research which explains the patterns of access and exclusion. It is based on findings from the…

  6. PROCUREMENT CARD US BANK ACCESS ONLINE

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    PROCUREMENT CARD US BANK ACCESS ONLINE SYSTEM USER GUIDE Contracts and Procurement Procurement Card Registering your US Bank Visa Pcard on Access Online ............................. 6 Login to the Access................................................... 22 #12;3 Web Browser Security Settings Before you can us the US Bank Access online system, you must

  7. Fall Graduation Access Information Accessibility, Wheelchairs, and Disability

    E-print Network

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    across from the Coliseum Parking lot on Spring Road. Signs will be posted. Enter the Merryman Center Coliseum (lot on Spring Road) will be reserved for handicapped and "accessible" parking. Ambulatory to the appropriate entrance, seats and parking. Spring Road Route: Individuals who cannot or prefer not to transfer

  8. Channel Access Unfairness of Wireless LAN Access Methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Lopez-Aguilera; M. Heusse; F. Rousseau; A. Duda; J. Casademont

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we present an evaluation of chosen wireless LAN access methods involving stations with different bit error rates: n-1 stations in ideal transmission conditions (BER = 0) and 1 station with a given bit error rate (BER ne 0). The simulation results show that the IEEE 802.11 DCF and its modifications (Slow Decrease, AOB) are very sensitive to

  9. UNBC Access Grid Node Instructions Access Grid Node

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    with Remote Sites Using IOCOM (IG Client), AG3 Toolkit, or H323 If you want to organize a conference from UNBC://www.westgrid.ca/support/collaboration/accessgrid) B. Sites using AG3 toolkit software Some sites use a public domain version of the Access Grid software often referred to as the AG3 toolkit. Such sites can join conference

  10. Expanded access to investigational drugs.

    PubMed

    Lurie, Peter; Chan-Tack, Kirk M; Woodcock, Janet

    2015-04-01

    To the Editor: Darrow et al. (Jan. 15 issue)(1) highlight the challenges posed by expanded patient access to unapproved drugs, including an application process that may have been complicated by the time and complexity for physicians to complete the form currently used by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and multiple associated documents.(2) On February 4, 2015, the FDA published draft guidance on a streamlined process for individual-patient expanded-access submissions by physicians treating single patients with investigational drugs.(3) The process continues to protect patients while not undermining clinical-trial enrollment. Feedback from academia, physicians, patients, advocacy groups, and industry helped the . . . PMID:25839859

  11. Expanded access to investigational drugs.

    PubMed

    2015-04-01

    To the Editor: Darrow et al. (Jan. 15 issue)(1) highlight the challenges posed by expanded patient access to unapproved drugs, including an application process that may have been complicated by the time and complexity for physicians to complete the form currently used by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and multiple associated documents.(2) On February 4, 2015, the FDA published draft guidance on a streamlined process for individual-patient expanded-access submissions by physicians treating single patients with investigational drugs.(3) The process continues to protect patients while not undermining clinical-trial enrollment. Feedback from academia, physicians, patients, advocacy groups, and industry helped the . . . PMID:25839858

  12. Access Routes for Nutritional Therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2000-01-01

    Enteral nutrition (EN) and total\\u000a parenteral nutrition (TPN) may provide life-sustaining therapy for\\u000a surgical patients. The duration of nutritional therapy (enteral or\\u000a parenteral) implies distinct access routes. We review the main aspects\\u000a related to access routes for nutrient delivery. The enteral route,\\u000a whenever feasible, is preferred. For EN lasting less than 6 weeks,\\u000a nasoenteric tubes are the route of choice.

  13. Selective access and editing in a database

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maluf, David A. (Inventor); Gawdiak, Yuri O. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    Method and system for providing selective access to different portions of a database by different subgroups of database users. Where N users are involved, up to 2.sup.N-1 distinguishable access subgroups in a group space can be formed, where no two access subgroups have the same members. Two or more members of a given access subgroup can edit, substantially simultaneously, a document accessible to each member.

  14. 75 FR 11528 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ...Pool, Inc. submits revised pages to its Open Access Transmission Tariff intended to implement rate changes for KCP&L and GMO, which are transmission owners and pricing zones under SPP Tariff. Filed Date: 03/03/2010. Accession Number:...

  15. Website Accessibility - Nanotechnology Characterization Lab

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is committed to providing access to all individuals--disabled or not--who are seeking information on its Web site. To provide this information, the NCI Web site has been designed to comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (as amended).

  16. Who Needs an Accessible Classroom?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgstahler, Sheryl

    2007-01-01

    Most faculty members design their courses for the average student. When a student with a disability enrolls, the disability services office typically helps the professor accommodate the student. Materials might be created in formats such as Braille, note takers might be provided, or the course might be moved to an accessible location. However,…

  17. Card Access Know-How.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Planning & Management, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Provides tips for expanding a school's card access system and making it more productive for all concerned. Tips include the use of electronic locks for better security; the need for state-of-the-art card reader system to save money in the long run; selecting vendors to one that manufactures, installs, and supports the card system; and having…

  18. Accessing ITP: Accommodating the Disabled.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, R. Wayne

    The Information Technology Project (ITP) at Clayton College & State University (CCSU) (Georgia) focuses on information technology as a central part of teaching and learning, primarily through Universal Personal Information Technology Access (UPITA). UPITA equips each student and faculty member with a powerful multimedia notebook computer with…

  19. Access to Heterogeneous Directory Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph E. Droms

    1990-01-01

    A description is given of the directory access service (DAS), which automates the process of searching multiple directories. DAS is directory service user interface that integrates the various directories into a single, uniform directory service. In response to a user query, DAS forwards queries to multiple directories. The responses are collected and formatted by DAS into a standard format for

  20. Memory access buffering in multiprocessors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michel Dubois; Christoph Scheurich; Faye A. Briggs

    1986-01-01

    In highly-pipelined machines, instructions and data are prefetched and buffered in both the processor and the cache. This is done to reduce the average memory access latency and to take advantage of memory interleaving. Lock-up free caches are designed to avoid processor blocking on a cache miss. Write buffers are often included in a pipelined machine to avoid processor waiting

  1. Lexical Access During Sentence Processing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coker, Pamela L.; Crain, Stephen

    This research characterizes how the mental lexicon functions during sentence processing. In sentence processing, access of meaning is seen to be dependent on interaction between syntactic and semantic information within the sentence. It had been previously thought that meaning had been located in an independent mental lexicon. Three experiments…

  2. Big Opportunities in Access to \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harlan J Onsrud; James Campbell

    2007-01-01

    A distributed infrastructure that would enable those who wish to do so to contribute their scientific or technical data to a universal digital commons could allow such data to be more readily preserved and accessible among disciplinary domains. Five critical issues that must be addressed in developing an efficient and effective data commons infrastructure are described. We conclude that creation

  3. Accessibility: Maximum Mobility and Function.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smyser, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Describes how to design school and university labs to comply with Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) standards, focusing on counter height for students in wheelchairs; appropriate knee space and sink height in sink areas; ADA-compliant fume hoods; accessible laboratory doors and entryways; and safety concerns (e.g., emergency eyewash stations…

  4. Proximity Displays for Access Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaniea, Kami

    2012-01-01

    Managing access to shared digital information, such as photographs and documents. is difficult for end users who are accumulating an increasingly large and diverse collection of data that they want to share with others. Current policy-management solutions require a user to proactively seek out and open a separate policy-management interface when…

  5. open access journal Public Health

    E-print Network

    Oakley, Jeremy

    , Executive Deputy Editor, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine Faculty of Medicine, Universityopen access journal Journal of Public Health in AfricaeISSN 2038-9930 i www the Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, electronic quarterly, that focuses on health issues

  6. Arts Accessibility for the Deaf.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Eugene

    The booklet provides information and resources for cultural organizations and institutions interested in making the arts accessible to deaf citizens. Preliminary information includes a discussion of deafness in America and the deaf in the history of the arts and notes that the era of silent films was the golden age of cinema. Listed are 36…

  7. Digital Imagery, Preservation and Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesk, Michael; Lynn, M. Stuart

    1990-01-01

    These two reports published by the Commission on Preservation and Access (CPA) include a comparison of digital and microfilm imagery, as well as discussions of chemical deacidification; ASCII (nonimage) files; and storage, conversion, and transmission considerations. A structured glossary of terms relating to media conversion and digital computer…

  8. Garnet Random-Access Memory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Katti, Romney R.

    1995-01-01

    Random-access memory (RAM) devices of proposed type exploit magneto-optical properties of magnetic garnets exhibiting perpendicular anisotropy. Magnetic writing and optical readout used. Provides nonvolatile storage and resists damage by ionizing radiation. Because of basic architecture and pinout requirements, most likely useful as small-capacity memory devices.

  9. Remotely Accessible Management System (RAMS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Rex

    Oakland Schools, an Intermediate School District for Administration, operates a Remotely Accessible Management System (RAMS). RAMS is composed of over 100 computer programs, each of which performs procedures on the files of the 28 local school districts comprising the constituency of Oakland Schools. This regional service agency covers 900 square…

  10. LANSCE personnel access control system

    SciTech Connect

    Sturrock, J.C.; Gallegos, F.R.; Hall, M.J.

    1997-01-01

    The Radiation Security System (RSS) at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) provides personnel protection from prompt radiation due to accelerated beam. The Personnel Access Control System (PACS) is a component of the RSS that is designed to prevent personnel access to areas where prompt radiation is a hazard. PACS was designed to replace several older personnel safety systems (PSS) with a single modem unified design. Lessons learned from the operation over the last 20 years were incorporated into a redundant sensor, single-point failure safe, fault tolerant, and tamper-resistant system that prevents access to the beam areas by controlling the access keys and beam stoppers. PACS uses a layered philosophy to the physical and electronic design. The most critical assemblies are battery backed up, relay logic circuits; less critical devices use Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) for timing functions and communications. Outside reviewers have reviewed the operational safety of the design. The design philosophy, lessons learned, hardware design, software design, operation, and limitations of the device are described.

  11. Plated wire random access memories

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gouldin, L. D.

    1975-01-01

    A program was conducted to construct 4096-work by 18-bit random access, NDRO-plated wire memory units. The memory units were subjected to comprehensive functional and environmental tests at the end-item level to verify comformance with the specified requirements. A technical description of the unit is given, along with acceptance test data sheets.

  12. Access Policy Sheet for Access Control in Fine-Grained XML

    E-print Network

    Seberry, Jennifer

    access to an entire XML instance, while others would like to control access at the tag level. Developing development of web environments XML data access control has been intensively studied (e.g., [2, 8, 4, 5, 3, 1Access Policy Sheet for Access Control in Fine-Grained XML Jing Wu1 , and Yi Mu1 , Jennifer Seberry

  13. Automated Computer Access Request System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snook, Bryan E.

    2010-01-01

    The Automated Computer Access Request (AutoCAR) system is a Web-based account provisioning application that replaces the time-consuming paper-based computer-access request process at Johnson Space Center (JSC). Auto- CAR combines rules-based and role-based functionality in one application to provide a centralized system that is easily and widely accessible. The system features a work-flow engine that facilitates request routing, a user registration directory containing contact information and user metadata, an access request submission and tracking process, and a system administrator account management component. This provides full, end-to-end disposition approval chain accountability from the moment a request is submitted. By blending both rules-based and rolebased functionality, AutoCAR has the flexibility to route requests based on a user s nationality, JSC affiliation status, and other export-control requirements, while ensuring a user s request is addressed by either a primary or backup approver. All user accounts that are tracked in AutoCAR are recorded and mapped to the native operating system schema on the target platform where user accounts reside. This allows for future extensibility for supporting creation, deletion, and account management directly on the target platforms by way of AutoCAR. The system s directory-based lookup and day-today change analysis of directory information determines personnel moves, deletions, and additions, and automatically notifies a user via e-mail to revalidate his/her account access as a result of such changes. AutoCAR is a Microsoft classic active server page (ASP) application hosted on a Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS).

  14. Controlling Access to Suicide Means

    PubMed Central

    Sarchiapone, Marco; Mandelli, Laura; Iosue, Miriam; Andrisano, Costanza; Roy, Alec

    2011-01-01

    Background: Restricting access to common means of suicide, such as firearms, toxic gas, pesticides and other, has been shown to be effective in reducing rates of death in suicide. In the present review we aimed to summarize the empirical and clinical literature on controlling the access to means of suicide. Methods: This review made use of both MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane library databases, identifying all English articles with the keywords “suicide means”, “suicide method”, “suicide prediction” or “suicide prevention” and other relevant keywords. Results: A number of factors may influence an individual’s decision regarding method in a suicide act, but there is substantial support that easy access influences the choice of method. In many countries, restrictions of access to common means of suicide has lead to lower overall suicide rates, particularly regarding suicide by firearms in USA, detoxification of domestic and motor vehicle gas in England and other countries, toxic pesticides in rural areas, barriers at jumping sites and hanging, by introducing “safe rooms” in prisons and hospitals. Moreover, decline in prescription of barbiturates and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), as well as limitation of drugs pack size for paracetamol and salicylate has reduced suicides by overdose, while increased prescription of SSRIs seems to have lowered suicidal rates. Conclusions: Restriction to means of suicide may be particularly effective in contexts where the method is popular, highly lethal, widely available, and/or not easily substituted by other similar methods. However, since there is some risk of means substitution, restriction of access should be implemented in conjunction with other suicide prevention strategies. PMID:22408588

  15. To appear: Emerging and Accessible Telecommunications, Information and Healthcare Technologies Engineering Challenges in Enabling Universal Access

    E-print Network

    Reinkensmeyer, David J.

    To appear: Emerging and Accessible Telecommunications, Information and Healthcare Technologies, Gregg Vanderheiden, eds. IEEE Press 2002 Emerging Technologies for Improving Access to Movement Therapy ­ Engineering Challenges in Enabling Universal Access (ed) Jack Winters, Charlie Robinson, Richard Simpson

  16. Exhausting Multiple Hemodialysis Access Failures

    PubMed Central

    Bolleke, Erjola; Seferi, Saimir; Rroji, Merita; Idrizi, Alma; Barbullushi, Myftar; Thereska, Nestor

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Vascular access is often considered the Achilles heel the of hemodialysis because of its impact on morbidity, all cause mortality and finally costs of these patients. The most common complication of permanent hemodialysis (HD) vascular access is thrombosis, with some cases being related to hypercoagulability states. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APAS) is a cause of increased thrombotic tendency, and this may complicate the management of such patients on HD. Case report: We describe a 41-year-old woman with end stage renal disease (ESRD) from Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease who was referred to our tertiary care center for treatment and selection of renal replacement therapy form. It was thought to initiate with peritoneal dialysis considering her actual conditions. She was putted on hemodialysis for several sessions, and a subclavian cathether was her first vascular access. The surgeon created an arterio-venous fistula which did not mature. After the implantation of the peritoneal cathether she started peritoneal dialysis and continued living with that for 2 years. She felt exhausted and because of a grave peritonitis episode accompanied with procedure failure and a long hospitalization she was transferred to hemodialysis. Renal transplantation was not possible because she didn’t have a kidney donation. She was maintained on regular HD, but her dialysis care was complicated by recurrent vascular access failures. She had multiple interventions for arterio-venous fistulas and grafts but almost all of them failed due to thrombosis to the extent that only one access site was available for her routine renal replacement treatment. A thorough thrombophilia screen confirmed the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. A diagnosis of APAS was made and she was anticoagulated with warfarin. The AVG made in this last available site is still working from 18 months. If it fails we have no answers and solutions for her. Conclusion: The presence of APAS can complicate HD management by causing recurrent vascular access thrombosis and failure, and nephrologist must remain alert to this possibility. Checking and treating as soon as possible it's our future challenge. PMID:25568574

  17. Accessing opportunistic resources with Bosco

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weitzel, D.; Sfiligoi, I.; Bockelman, B.; Frey, J.; Wuerthwein, F.; Fraser, D.; Swanson, D.

    2014-06-01

    Bosco is a software project developed by the Open Science Grid to help scientists better utilize their on-campus computing resources. Instead of submitting jobs through a dedicated gatekeeper, as most remote submission mechanisms use, it uses the built-in SSH protocol to gain access to the cluster. By using a common access method, SSH, we are able to simplify the interaction with the cluster, making the submission process more user friendly. Additionally, it does not add any extra software to be installed on the cluster making Bosco an attractive option for the cluster administrator. In this paper, we will describe Bosco, the personal supercomputing assistant, and how Bosco is used by researchers across the U.S. to manage their computing workflows. In addition, we will also talk about how researchers are using it, including an unique use of Bosco to submit CMS reconstruction jobs to an opportunistic XSEDE resource.

  18. Accessing the VO with Python

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plante, R.; Fitzpatrick, M.; Graham, M.; Tody, D.; Young, W.

    2014-05-01

    We introduce two products for accessing the VO from Python: PyVO and VOClient. PyVO is built on the widely-used Astropy package and is well suited for integrating automated access to astronomical data into highly customizable scripts and applications for data analysis in Python. VOClient is built on a collection of C-libraries and is well suited for integrating with multi-language analysis packages. It also provides a framework for integrating legacy software into the Python environment. In this demo, we will run through several examples demonstrate basic data discovery and retrieval of data. This includes finding archives containing data of interest (VO registry), retrieving datasets (SIA, SSA), and exploring (Cone Search, SLAP). VOClient features some extended capabilities including the ability to communicate to other desktop applications from a script using the SAMP protocol.

  19. Securing America's access to space

    SciTech Connect

    Rendine, M.; Wood, L.

    1990-05-23

    We review pertinent aspects of the history of the space launch capabilities of the United States and survey its present status and near-term outlook. Steps which must be taken, pitfalls which much be avoided, and a core set of National options for re-acquiring in the near term the capability to access the space environment with large payloads are discussed. We devote considerable attention to the prospect of creating an interim heavy-lift space launch vehicle of at least 100,000 pound payload-orbiting capacity to serve National needs during the next dozen years, suggesting that such a capability can be demonstrated within 5 years for less than $1 B. Such capability will apparently be essential for meeting the first-phase goals of the President's Space Exploration Initiative. Some other high-leverage aspects of securing American access to space are also noted briefly, emphasizing unconventional technological approaches of presently high promise.

  20. Enhancing Ocean Research Data Access

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandler, Cynthia; Groman, Robert; Shepherd, Adam; Allison, Molly; Arko, Robert; Chen, Yu; Fox, Peter; Glover, David; Hitzler, Pascal; Leadbetter, Adam; Narock, Thomas; West, Patrick; Wiebe, Peter

    2014-05-01

    The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) works in partnership with ocean science investigators to publish data from research projects funded by the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections and the Office of Polar Programs Antarctic Organisms & Ecosystems Program at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Since 2006, researchers have been contributing data to the BCO-DMO data system, and it has developed into a rich repository of data from ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research programs. While the ultimate goal of the BCO-DMO is to ensure preservation of NSF funded project data and to provide open access to those data, achievement of those goals is attained through a series of related phases that benefits from active collaboration and cooperation with a large community of research scientists as well as curators of data and information at complementary data repositories. The BCO-DMO is just one of many intermediate data management centers created to facilitate long-term preservation of data and improve access to ocean research data. Through partnerships with other data management professionals and active involvement in local and global initiatives, BCO-DMO staff members are working to enhance access to ocean research data available from the online BCO-DMO data system. Continuing efforts in use of controlled vocabulary terms, development of ontology design patterns and publication of content as Linked Open Data are contributing to improved discovery and availability of BCO-DMO curated data and increased interoperability of related content available from distributed repositories. We will demonstrate how Semantic Web technologies (e.g. RDF/XML, SKOS, OWL and SPARQL) have been integrated into BCO-DMO data access and delivery systems to better serve the ocean research community and to contribute to an expanding global knowledge network.