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1

AUREA: an open-source software system for accurate and user-friendly identification of relative expression molecular signatures  

PubMed Central

Background Public databases such as the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus contain extensive and exponentially increasing amounts of high-throughput data that can be applied to molecular phenotype characterization. Collectively, these data can be analyzed for such purposes as disease diagnosis or phenotype classification. One family of algorithms that has proven useful for disease classification is based on relative expression analysis and includes the Top-Scoring Pair (TSP), k-Top-Scoring Pairs (k-TSP), Top-Scoring Triplet (TST) and Differential Rank Conservation (DIRAC) algorithms. These relative expression analysis algorithms hold significant advantages for identifying interpretable molecular signatures for disease classification, and have been implemented previously on a variety of computational platforms with varying degrees of usability. To increase the user-base and maximize the utility of these methods, we developed the program AUREA (Adaptive Unified Relative Expression Analyzer)—a cross-platform tool that has a consistent application programming interface (API), an easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI), fast running times and automated parameter discovery. Results Herein, we describe AUREA, an efficient, cohesive, and user-friendly open-source software system that comprises a suite of methods for relative expression analysis. AUREA incorporates existing methods, while extending their capabilities and bringing uniformity to their interfaces. We demonstrate that combining these algorithms and adaptively tuning parameters on the training sets makes these algorithms more consistent in their performance and demonstrate the effectiveness of our adaptive parameter tuner by comparing accuracy across diverse datasets. Conclusions We have integrated several relative expression analysis algorithms and provided a unified interface for their implementation while making data acquisition, parameter fixing, data merging, and results analysis ‘point-and-click’ simple. The unified interface and the adaptive parameter tuning of AUREA provide an effective framework in which to investigate the massive amounts of publically available data by both ‘in silico’ and ‘bench’ scientists. AUREA can be found at http://price.systemsbiology.net/AUREA/. PMID:23496976

2013-01-01

2

User-Friendly...Or What?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of user-friendly documentation focuses on problems with computer hardware and software documentation, and other forms of instructional manuals, that are poorly written and do not keep the needs of the users in mind. Topics highlighted include target audience analysis and validation and indexes. (LRW)

Deterline, William A.

1988-01-01

3

High-throughput image analysis of tumor spheroids: a user-friendly software application to measure the size of spheroids automatically and accurately.  

PubMed

The increasing number of applications of three-dimensional (3D) tumor spheroids as an in vitro model for drug discovery requires their adaptation to large-scale screening formats in every step of a drug screen, including large-scale image analysis. Currently there is no ready-to-use and free image analysis software to meet this large-scale format. Most existing methods involve manually drawing the length and width of the imaged 3D spheroids, which is a tedious and time-consuming process. This study presents a high-throughput image analysis software application - SpheroidSizer, which measures the major and minor axial length of the imaged 3D tumor spheroids automatically and accurately; calculates the volume of each individual 3D tumor spheroid; then outputs the results in two different forms in spreadsheets for easy manipulations in the subsequent data analysis. The main advantage of this software is its powerful image analysis application that is adapted for large numbers of images. It provides high-throughput computation and quality-control workflow. The estimated time to process 1,000 images is about 15 min on a minimally configured laptop, or around 1 min on a multi-core performance workstation. The graphical user interface (GUI) is also designed for easy quality control, and users can manually override the computer results. The key method used in this software is adapted from the active contour algorithm, also known as Snakes, which is especially suitable for images with uneven illumination and noisy background that often plagues automated imaging processing in high-throughput screens. The complimentary "Manual Initialize" and "Hand Draw" tools provide the flexibility to SpheroidSizer in dealing with various types of spheroids and diverse quality images. This high-throughput image analysis software remarkably reduces labor and speeds up the analysis process. Implementing this software is beneficial for 3D tumor spheroids to become a routine in vitro model for drug screens in industry and academia. PMID:25046278

Chen, Wenjin; Wong, Chung; Vosburgh, Evan; Levine, Arnold J; Foran, David J; Xu, Eugenia Y

2014-01-01

4

CARE 3 user-friendly interface user's guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CARE 3 predicts the unreliability of highly reliable reconfigurable fault-tolerant systems that include redundant computers or computer systems. CARE3MENU is a user-friendly interface used to create an input for the CARE 3 program. The CARE3MENU interface has been designed to minimize user input errors. Although a CARE3MENU session may be successfully completed and all parameters may be within specified limits or ranges, the CARE 3 program is not guaranteed to produce meaningful results if the user incorrectly interprets the CARE 3 stochastic model. The CARE3MENU User Guide provides complete information on how to create a CARE 3 model with the interface. The CARE3MENU interface runs under the VAX/VMS operating system.

Martensen, A. L.

1987-01-01

5

A User-Friendly Web Content Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applies two open source projects, namely PHP and MySQL, to create a powerful, user-friendly Web-based system for creating, maintaining and publishing a database comprising news information in the form of text and graphical images. The proposed system is specifically designed to enable non-technical users with no knowledge of computer programming, graphic imaging tools, or markup languages such as

Ming-Ju Yang; Wen-Chung Chang; Win-Jet Luo; Shou-Ping Hsu; Kao-Feng Yarn; Tsung-Chan Cheng; Po-Chun Yang

2008-01-01

6

Learning Accurate Temporal Relations from User Actions in Intelligent Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ambient Intelligence environments depend on their capability to learn user’s preferences and typical behavior. In this paper\\u000a we present an algorithm that taking as starting point information collected by sensors finds out accurate temporal relations\\u000a among actions carried out by the user.

Asier Aztiria; Juan C. Augusto; Alberto Izaguirre; Diane Cook

7

A user friendly system for ultrasound carotid intima-media thickness image interpretation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Assessment of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (CIMT) by B-mode ultrasound is a technically mature and reproducible technology. Given the high morbidity, mortality and the large societal burden associated with CV diseases, as a safe yet inexpensive tool, CIMT is increasingly utilized for cardiovascular (CV) risk stratification. However, CIMT requires a precise measure of the thickness of the intima and media layers of the carotid artery that can be tedious, time consuming, and demand specialized expertise and experience. To this end, we have developed a highly user-friendly system for semiautomatic CIMT image interpretation. Our contribution is the application of active contour models (snake models) with hard constraints, leading to an accurate, adaptive and user-friendly border detection algorithm. A comparison study with the CIMT measurement software in Siemens Syngo® Arterial Health Package shows that our system gives a small bias in mean (0.049 +/-0.051mm) and maximum (0.010 +/- 0.083 mm) CIMT measures and offers a higher reproducibility (average correlation coefficients were 0.948 and 0.844 in mean and maximum CIMT respectively (P <0.001)). This superior performance is attributed to our novel interface design for hard constraints in the snake models.

Zhu, Xiangjun; Kendall, Christopher B.; Hurst, R. Todd; Liang, Jianming

2011-03-01

8

MADANALYSIS 5, a user-friendly framework for collider phenomenology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present MADANALYSIS 5, a new framework for phenomenological investigations at particle colliders. Based on a C++ kernel, this program allows us to efficiently perform, in a straightforward and user-friendly fashion, sophisticated physics analyses of event files such as those generated by a large class of Monte Carlo event generators. MADANALYSIS 5 comes with two modes of running. The first one, easier to handle, uses the strengths of a powerful PYTHON interface in order to implement physics analyses by means of a set of intuitive commands. The second one requires one to implement the analyses in the C++ programming language, directly within the core of the analysis framework. This opens unlimited possibilities concerning the level of complexity which can be reached, being only limited by the programming skills and the originality of the user. Program summaryProgram title: MadAnalysis 5 Catalogue identifier: AENO_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AENO_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this program is granted under the terms of the GNU General Public License. No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 31087 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 399105 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: PYTHON, C++. Computer: All platforms on which Python version 2.7, Root version 5.27 and the g++ compiler are available. Compatibility with newer versions of these programs is also ensured. However, the Python version must be below version 3.0. Operating system: Unix, Linux and Mac OS operating systems on which the above-mentioned versions of Python and Root, as well as g++, are available. Classification: 11.1. External routines: ROOT (http://root.cern.ch/drupal/) Nature of problem: Implementing sophisticated phenomenological analyses in high-energy physics through a flexible, efficient and straightforward fashion, starting from event files such as those produced by Monte Carlo event generators. The event files can have been matched or not to parton-showering and can have been processed or not by a (fast) simulation of a detector. According to the sophistication level of the event files (parton-level, hadron-level, reconstructed-level), one must note that several input formats are possible. Solution method: We implement an interface allowing the production of predefined as well as user-defined histograms for a large class of kinematical distributions after applying a set of event selection cuts specified by the user. This therefore allows us to devise robust and novel search strategies for collider experiments, such as those currently running at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, in a very efficient way. Restrictions: Unsupported event file format. Unusual features: The code is fully based on object representations for events, particles, reconstructed objects and cuts, which facilitates the implementation of an analysis. Running time: It depends on the purposes of the user and on the number of events to process. It varies from a few seconds to the order of the minute for several millions of events.

Conte, Eric; Fuks, Benjamin; Serret, Guillaume

2013-01-01

9

User-friendly functional programming for web mashups  

Microsoft Academic Search

MashMaker is a web-based tool that makes it easy for a normal user to create web mashups by browsing around, without needing to type, or plan in advance what they want to do. Like a web browser, Mashmaker allows users to create mashups by browsing, rather than writing code, and allows users to book- mark interesting things they find, forming

Robert Ennals; David Gay

2007-01-01

10

User-Friendly Interface Developed for a Web-Based Service for SpaceCAL Emulations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team at the NASA Glenn Research Center is developing a Space Communications Architecture Laboratory (SpaceCAL) for protocol development activities for coordinated satellite missions. SpaceCAL will provide a multiuser, distributed system to emulate space-based Internet architectures, backbone networks, formation clusters, and constellations. As part of a new effort in 2003, building blocks are being defined for an open distributed system to make the satellite emulation test bed accessible through an Internet connection. The first step in creating a Web-based service to control the emulation remotely is providing a user-friendly interface for encoding the data into a well-formed and complete Extensible Markup Language (XML) document. XML provides coding that allows data to be transferred between dissimilar systems. Scenario specifications include control parameters, network routes, interface bandwidths, delay, and bit error rate. Specifications for all satellite, instruments, and ground stations in a given scenario are also included in the XML document. For the SpaceCAL emulation, the XML document can be created using XForms, a Webbased forms language for data collection. Contrary to older forms technology, the interactive user interface makes the science prevalent, not the data representation. Required versus optional input fields, default values, automatic calculations, data validation, and reuse will help researchers quickly and accurately define missions. XForms can apply any XML schema defined for the test mission to validate data before forwarding it to the emulation facility. New instrument definitions, facilities, and mission types can be added to the existing schema. The first prototype user interface incorporates components for interactive input and form processing. Internet address, data rate, and the location of the facility are implemented with basic form controls with default values provided for convenience and efficiency using basic XForms operations. Because different emulation scenarios will vary widely in their component structure, more complex operations are used to add and delete facilities.

Liszka, Kathy J.; Holtz, Allen P.

2004-01-01

11

User-friendly chemistry takes center stage at ACS meeting  

SciTech Connect

These days it seems that what chemistry needs more than anything else is a good p.r. agent. If you ask John or Joan Q. Public about the accomplishments of the chemical industry, chances are they'll mention Love Canal, CFCs destroying the ozone layer, or carcinogens in food. However, if the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in Washington, D.C., 2 weeks ago is any indication, chemists are working hard to fix the image problem. Nearly all of the two dozen press conferences held during the meeting focused on food, health topics, environment-friendly technology, or some other subject close to consumers' hearts. And the scientific talks themselves reflected the same interests, with sessions such as Environmental Successes in the Chemical Industry', Food Phytochemicals for Cancer Prevention', Chemistry of Electrophilic Metal Complexes', New Advances in Polyolefin Polymers', Zapping acid rain with microwaves.'

Pool, R.

1992-09-11

12

USER-FRIENDLY DATA ENTRY ROUTINE FOR THE ESP MODEL  

EPA Science Inventory

The report is a user's manual for an interactive data entry program that greatly simplifies the creation and modification of electrostatic precipitator (ESP) model data files. outine use of the interactive program, written for IBM PC-compatible computers, will eliminate a major s...

13

Highly-Interactive and User-Friendly Web Application for People with Diabetes  

E-print Network

Highly-Interactive and User-Friendly Web Application for People with Diabetes Francois Andry, Larry. One Waters Park Drive ­ Suite 280 San Mateo, CA 94403, USA Abstract ­ LifeSensor Diabetes is a module that is coupled with a web-based personal health record (PHR) for patients with type 2 diabetes. In this paper we

Andry, François

14

User-friendly, economical, 3D charged particle code with adaptive meshing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given, as follows. Calabazas Creek Research, Inc., in association with Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) and Simmetrix, Inc., is developing a user-friendly 3-D, finite element, charged particle code with adaptive meshing. This program builds on the particle pusher and emission algorithms developed during the 2-D development, which demonstrated that the technical approach provided the functionality and accuracy required.

L. Ives; T. Bui; W. Vogler; J.-F. Remacle; M. S. Shephard; M. W. Beall; D. F. Kapraun; H. T. Trans

2001-01-01

15

GEDI: a user-friendly toolbox for analysis of large-scale gene expression data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Several mathematical and statistical methods have been proposed in the last few years to analyze microarray data. Most of those methods involve complicated formulas, and software implementations that require advanced computer programming skills. Researchers from other areas may experience difficulties when they attempting to use those methods in their research. Here we present an user-friendly toolbox which allows large-scale

André Fujita; João Ricardo Sato; Carlos Eduardo Ferreira; Mari Cleide Sogayar

2007-01-01

16

A user-friendly control system to easy reconfigure a manufacturing cell  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generic manufacturing enterprises need to interact with an environment characterized by a strong competition. In order to react to the mutable requests of market, control systems should confer to the manufacturing system capabilities for easy modifiability, and this can be achieved by reducing the necessary time to reconfigure the existing system. Following this main requirement, this paper presents a user-friendly

Carlo D'Onofrio; M. Bruccoleri

2006-01-01

17

User-friendly Support for Common Mathematical Concepts in a Lightweight Verifier (Discussion Paper)  

E-print Network

User-friendly Support for Common Mathematical Concepts in a Lightweight Verifier (Discussion Paper the AARTIFACT lightweight verifi- cation system, designed for processing formal arguments involving basic work and from our own efforts. In addition to a parser for a familiar concrete syntax and a mechanism

18

Security Made Easy: Achieving User-Friendly Communication Protectionin Ad-Hoc situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile applications dealing with ad-hoc situations do have their own challenges such as a reasonable short time for interaction and limitations of available technology. A secure yet user-friendly solution for protecting wireless communication therefore is a service enabler for mobile business. This paper discusses the drawbacks of existing security concepts and proposes a framework on application level to help developers

Jens Heider; Julian Schütte

2007-01-01

19

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 10, No. 4, November 1995 A User-FriendlySimulation Program for Teaching  

E-print Network

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 10, No. 4, November 1995 A User-FriendlySimulation Program for Teaching 1725 Power System Operatioins Thomas J. Overbye Peter W. Sauer CarolineM.'Mar;cinzik George Gross of Illinoisat Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801 Abstract This paper describes a user-friendly power simulation

Gross, George

20

CARE3MENU- A CARE III USER FRIENDLY INTERFACE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CARE3MENU generates an input file for the CARE III program. CARE III is used for reliability prediction of complex, redundant, fault-tolerant systems including digital computers, aircraft, nuclear and chemical control systems. The CARE III input file often becomes complicated and is not easily formatted with a text editor. CARE3MENU provides an easy, interactive method of creating an input file by automatically formatting a set of user-supplied inputs for the CARE III system. CARE3MENU provides detailed on-line help for most of its screen formats. The reliability model input process is divided into sections using menu-driven screen displays. Each stage, or set of identical modules comprising the model, must be identified and described in terms of number of modules, minimum number of modules for stage operation, and critical fault threshold. The fault handling and fault occurence models are detailed in several screens by parameters such as transition rates, propagation and detection densities, Weibull or exponential characteristics, and model accuracy. The system fault tree and critical pairs fault tree screens are used to define the governing logic and to identify modules affected by component failures. Additional CARE3MENU screens prompt the user for output options and run time control values such as mission time and truncation values. There are fourteen major screens, many with default values and HELP options. The documentation includes: 1) a users guide with several examples of CARE III models, the dialog required to input them to CARE3MENU, and the output files created; and 2) a maintenance manual for assistance in changing the HELP files and modifying any of the menu formats or contents. CARE3MENU is written in FORTRAN 77 for interactive execution and has been implemented on a DEC VAX series computer operating under VMS. This program was developed in 1985.

Pierce, J. L.

1994-01-01

21

GEDI: a user-friendly toolbox for analysis of large-scale gene expression data  

PubMed Central

Background Several mathematical and statistical methods have been proposed in the last few years to analyze microarray data. Most of those methods involve complicated formulas, and software implementations that require advanced computer programming skills. Researchers from other areas may experience difficulties when they attempting to use those methods in their research. Here we present an user-friendly toolbox which allows large-scale gene expression analysis to be carried out by biomedical researchers with limited programming skills. Results Here, we introduce an user-friendly toolbox called GEDI (Gene Expression Data Interpreter), an extensible, open-source, and freely-available tool that we believe will be useful to a wide range of laboratories, and to researchers with no background in Mathematics and Computer Science, allowing them to analyze their own data by applying both classical and advanced approaches developed and recently published by Fujita et al. Conclusion GEDI is an integrated user-friendly viewer that combines the state of the art SVR, DVAR and SVAR algorithms, previously developed by us. It facilitates the application of SVR, DVAR and SVAR, further than the mathematical formulas present in the corresponding publications, and allows one to better understand the results by means of available visualizations. Both running the statistical methods and visualizing the results are carried out within the graphical user interface, rendering these algorithms accessible to the broad community of researchers in Molecular Biology. PMID:18021455

Fujita, André; Sato, João R; Ferreira, Carlos E; Sogayar, Mari C

2007-01-01

22

Final Report for "User Friendly Steering and Diagnostics for Modleing Heavy Ion Fusion Accelerators"  

SciTech Connect

The goal accomplished in thisproject was to improve the Synergia code by improving the integration of the Impact space charge algorithms into Synergia and improving the graphical user interface for analyzing results. We accomplished five tasks along these lines: (i) a refactoring of the Impact space charge algorithm to make it more accessible by other codes, (ii) development of the Forthon interface between Impact and Python, (iii) implementation of a Python-MPI interface to allow parallel space charge calculation, (iv) a new user-friendly interface for analyzing Synergia results, and (v) a toolkit for doing parallel analysis of Synergia results.

Peter Stoltz, Douglas R Dechow, Scott Kruger, Brian Granger

2007-10-15

23

DRAC: A user-friendly computer code for modeling transient thermohydraulic phenomena in solar-receiver tubing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capabilities of DRAC (Dynamic Receiver Analysis Code) are presented. The DRAC is the first in a series of user friendly driver programs for the more general code. TOPAZ (transient one dimensional pipe flow analyzer). The DRAC permits the user to model both transient and steady state thermohydraulic phenomena in solar receiver tubing. Users may specify arbitrary, time dependent, incident

W. S. Winters

1983-01-01

24

IR, NLP, AI and UFOS: or IRrelevance, natural language problems, artful intelligence and user-friendly online systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

User Friendly Online Searching is examined in the context of Natural Language Processing in Information Retrieval and Artificial Intelligence. Opportunities for synergetic R & D are identified as the basis for Intelligent Information Retrieval and Artificial Retrieval Intelligence.

Tamas E. Doszkocs

1986-01-01

25

ROCOPT: A user friendly interactive code to optimize rocket structural components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ROCOPT is a user-friendly, graphically-interfaced, microcomputer-based computer program (IBM compatible) that optimizes rocket components by minimizing the structural weight. The rocket components considered are ring stiffened truncated cones and cylinders. The applied loading is static, and can consist of any combination of internal or external pressure, axial force, bending moment, and torque. Stress margins are calculated by means of simple closed form strength of material type equations. Stability margins are determined by approximate, orthotropic-shell, closed-form equations. A modified form of Powell's method, in conjunction with a modified form of the external penalty method, is used to determine the minimum weight of the structure subject to stress and stability margin constraints, as well as user input constraints on the structural dimensions. The graphical interface guides the user through the required data prompts, explains program options and graphically displays results for easy interpretation.

Rule, William K.

1989-01-01

26

A User-Friendly, Keyword-Searchable Database of Geoscientific References Through 2007 for Afghanistan  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report includes a document and accompanying Microsoft Access 2003 database of geoscientific references for the country of Afghanistan. The reference compilation is part of a larger joint study of Afghanistan?s energy, mineral, and water resources, and geologic hazards currently underway by the U.S. Geological Survey, the British Geological Survey, and the Afghanistan Geological Survey. The database includes both published (n = 2,489) and unpublished (n = 176) references compiled through calendar year 2007. The references comprise two separate tables in the Access database. The reference database includes a user-friendly, keyword-searchable interface and only minimum knowledge of the use of Microsoft Access is required.

Eppinger, Robert G.; Sipeki, Julianna; Scofield, M.L. Sco

2008-01-01

27

A user-friendly tool for medical-related patent retrieval.  

PubMed

Health-related information retrieval is complicated by the variety of nomenclatures available to name entities, since different communities of users will use different ways to name a same entity. We present in this report the development and evaluation of a user-friendly interactive Web application aiming at facilitating health-related patent search. Our tool, called TWINC, relies on a search engine tuned during several patent retrieval competitions, enhanced with intelligent interaction modules, such as chemical query, normalization and expansion. While the functionality of related article search showed promising performances, the ad hoc search results in fairly contrasted results. Nonetheless, TWINC performed well during the PatOlympics competition and was appreciated by intellectual property experts. This result should be balanced by the limited evaluation sample. We can also assume that it can be customized to be applied in corporate search environments to process domain and company-specific vocabularies, including non-English literature and patents reports. PMID:22491124

Pasche, Emilie; Gobeill, Julien; Teodoro, Douglas; Gaudinat, Arnaud; Vishnyakova, Dina; Lovis, Christian; Ruch, Patrick

2012-01-01

28

Visual TSUNAMI: A Versatile, User-Friendly, Multidimensional Ablation and Gas-Dynamics Design Code  

SciTech Connect

Gas dynamics phenomena in thick-liquid protected inertial fusion target chambers have been explored since the early 1990's with the help of a series of simulation codes known as TSUNAMI. The code has been recently redesigned entirely to make use of modern programming techniques, languages and software; improve its user-friendliness; and refine its ability to model thick-liquid protected chambers, while expanding its capability to a larger variety of systems. The new code is named 'Visual Tsunami' to emphasize the programming language of its core, Fortran 95, as well as its graphics-based input file builder and output processors. It is aimed at providing a user-friendly design tool for complex systems for which transient gas dynamics phenomena play a key role.

Debonnel, C.S.; Wang, T.X.; Suzuki, M.; Garcia, E.; Peterson, P.F. [University of California (United States)

2005-05-15

29

StochPy: A Comprehensive, User-Friendly Tool for Simulating Stochastic Biological Processes  

PubMed Central

Single-cell and single-molecule measurements indicate the importance of stochastic phenomena in cell biology. Stochasticity creates spontaneous differences in the copy numbers of key macromolecules and the timing of reaction events between genetically-identical cells. Mathematical models are indispensable for the study of phenotypic stochasticity in cellular decision-making and cell survival. There is a demand for versatile, stochastic modeling environments with extensive, preprogrammed statistics functions and plotting capabilities that hide the mathematics from the novice users and offers low-level programming access to the experienced user. Here we present StochPy (Stochastic modeling in Python), which is a flexible software tool for stochastic simulation in cell biology. It provides various stochastic simulation algorithms, SBML support, analyses of the probability distributions of molecule copy numbers and event waiting times, analyses of stochastic time series, and a range of additional statistical functions and plotting facilities for stochastic simulations. We illustrate the functionality of StochPy with stochastic models of gene expression, cell division, and single-molecule enzyme kinetics. StochPy has been successfully tested against the SBML stochastic test suite, passing all tests. StochPy is a comprehensive software package for stochastic simulation of the molecular control networks of living cells. It allows novice and experienced users to study stochastic phenomena in cell biology. The integration with other Python software makes StochPy both a user-friendly and easily extendible simulation tool. PMID:24260203

Maarleveld, Timo R.; Olivier, Brett G.; Bruggeman, Frank J.

2013-01-01

30

Bioprocess Control in Microscale: Scalable Fermentations in Disposable and User-Friendly Microfluidic Systems  

PubMed Central

Background The efficiency of biotechnological production processes depends on selecting the best performing microbial strain and the optimal cultivation conditions. Thus, many experiments have to be conducted, which conflicts with the demand to speed up drug development processes. Consequently, there is a great need for high-throughput devices that allow rapid and reliable bioprocess development. This need is addressed, for example, by the fiber-optic online-monitoring system BioLector which utilizes the wells of shaken microtiter plates (MTPs) as small-scale fermenters. To further improve the application of MTPs as microbioreactors, in this paper, the BioLector technology is combined with microfluidic bioprocess control in MTPs. To realize a user-friendly system for routine laboratory work, disposable microfluidic MTPs are utilized which are actuated by a user-friendly pneumatic hardware. Results This novel microfermentation system was tested in pH-controlled batch as well as in fed-batch fermentations of Escherichia coli. The pH-value in the culture broth could be kept in a narrow dead band of 0.03 around the pH-setpoint, by pneumatically dosing ammonia solution and phosphoric acid to each culture well. Furthermore, fed-batch cultivations with linear and exponential feeding of 500 g/L glucose solution were conducted. Finally, the scale-up potential of the microscale fermentations was evaluated by comparing the obtained results to that of fully controlled fermentations in a 2 L laboratory-scale fermenter (working volume of 1 L). The scale-up was realized by keeping the volumetric mass transfer coefficient kLa constant at a value of 460 1/h. The same growth behavior of the E. coli cultures could be observed on both scales. Conclusion In microfluidic MTPs, pH-controlled batch as well as fed-batch fermentations were successfully performed. The liquid dosing as well as the biomass growth kinetics of the process-controlled fermentations agreed well both in the microscale and laboratory scale. In conclusion, a user-friendly and disposable microfluidic system could be established which allows scaleable, fully controlled and fully monitored fermentations in working volumes below 1 milliliter. PMID:21073740

2010-01-01

31

RobiNA: a user-friendly, integrated software solution for RNA-Seq-based transcriptomics  

PubMed Central

Recent rapid advances in next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq)-based provide researchers with unprecedentedly large data sets and open new perspectives in transcriptomics. Furthermore, RNA-Seq-based transcript profiling can be applied to non-model and newly discovered organisms because it does not require a predefined measuring platform (like e.g. microarrays). However, these novel technologies pose new challenges: the raw data need to be rigorously quality checked and filtered prior to analysis, and proper statistical methods have to be applied to extract biologically relevant information. Given the sheer volume of data, this is no trivial task and requires a combination of considerable technical resources along with bioinformatics expertise. To aid the individual researcher, we have developed RobiNA as an integrated solution that consolidates all steps of RNA-Seq-based differential gene-expression analysis in one user-friendly cross-platform application featuring a rich graphical user interface. RobiNA accepts raw FastQ files, SAM/BAM alignment files and counts tables as input. It supports quality checking, flexible filtering and statistical analysis of differential gene expression based on state-of-the art biostatistical methods developed in the R/Bioconductor projects. In-line help and a step-by-step manual guide users through the analysis. Installer packages for Mac OS X, Windows and Linux are available under the LGPL licence from http://mapman.gabipd.org/web/guest/robin. PMID:22684630

Lohse, Marc; Bolger, Anthony M.; Nagel, Axel; Fernie, Alisdair R.; Lunn, John E.; Stitt, Mark; Usadel, Björn

2012-01-01

32

Ganga: User-friendly Grid job submission and management tool for LHC and beyond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ganga has been widely used for several years in ATLAS, LHCb and a handful of other communities. Ganga provides a simple yet powerful interface for submitting and managing jobs to a variety of computing backends. The tool helps users configuring applications and keeping track of their work. With the major release of version 5 in summer 2008, Ganga's main user-friendly features have been strengthened. Examples include a new configuration interface, enhanced support for job collections, bulk operations and easier access to subjobs. In addition to the traditional batch and Grid backends such as Condor, LSF, PBS, gLite/EDG a point-to-point job execution via ssh on remote machines is now supported. Ganga is used as an interactive job submission interface for end-users, and also as a job submission component for higher-level tools. For example GangaRobot is used to perform automated, end-to-end testing of distributed data analysis. Ganga comes with an extensive test suite covering more than 350 test cases. The development model involves all active developers in the release management shifts which is an important and novel approach for the distributed software collaborations. Ganga 5 is a mature, stable and widely-used tool with long-term support from the HEP community.

Vanderster, D. C.; Brochu, F.; Cowan, G.; Egede, U.; Elmsheuser, J.; Gaidoz, B.; Harrison, K.; Lee, H. C.; Liko, D.; Maier, A.; Mo?cicki, J. T.; Muraru, A.; Pajchel, K.; Reece, W.; Samset, B.; Slater, M.; Soroko, A.; Tan, C. L.; Williams, M.

2010-04-01

33

Teaching hydrological modeling with a user-friendly catchment-runoff-model software package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer models, and especially conceptual models, are frequently used for catchment hydrology studies. Teaching hydrological modeling, however, is challenging as students, when learning to apply computer models, have both to understand general model concepts and to be able to use particular computer programs. Here we present a new version of the HBV model. This software provides a user-friendly version which is especially useful for education. Different functionalities like an automatic calibration using a genetic algorithm or a Monte Carlo approach as well as the possibility to perform batch runs with predefined model parameters make the software also interesting for teaching in more advanced classes and research projects. Different teaching goals related to hydrological modeling are discussed and a series of exercises is suggested to reach these goals.

Seibert, J.; Vis, M. J. P.

2012-05-01

34

Teaching hydrological modeling with a user-friendly catchment-runoff-model software package  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer models, especially conceptual models, are frequently used for catchment hydrology studies. Teaching hydrological modeling, however, is challenging, since students have to both understand general model concepts and be able to use particular computer programs when learning to apply computer models. Here we present a new version of the HBV (Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenavdelning) model. This software provides a user-friendly version that is especially useful for education. Different functionalities, such as an automatic calibration using a genetic algorithm or a Monte Carlo approach, as well as the possibility to perform batch runs with predefined model parameters make the software interesting especially for teaching in more advanced classes and research projects. Different teaching goals related to hydrological modeling are discussed and a series of exercises is suggested to reach these goals.

Seibert, J.; Vis, M. J. P.

2012-09-01

35

Development of HydroImage, A User Friendly Hydrogeophysical Characterization Software  

SciTech Connect

HydroImage, user friendly software that utilizes high-resolution geophysical data for estimating hydrogeological parameters in subsurface strate, was developed under this grant. HydroImage runs on a personal computer platform to promote broad use by hydrogeologists to further understanding of subsurface processes that govern contaminant fate, transport, and remediation. The unique software provides estimates of hydrogeological properties over continuous volumes of the subsurface, whereas previous approaches only allow estimation of point locations. thus, this unique tool can be used to significantly enhance site conceptual models and improve design and operation of remediation systems. The HydroImage technical approach uses statistical models to integrate geophysical data with borehole geological data and hydrological measurements to produce hydrogeological parameter estimates as 2-D or 3-D images.

Mok, Chin Man [GSI Environmental] [GSI Environmental; Hubbard, Susan [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Chen, Jinsong [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Suribhatla, Raghu [AMEC E& I] [AMEC E& I; Kaback, Dawn Samara [AMEC E& I] [AMEC E& I

2014-01-29

36

A user-friendly forest model with a multiplicative mathematical structure: a Bayesian approach to calibration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forest models are being increasingly used to study ecosystem functioning, through the reproduction of carbon fluxes and productivity in very different forests all over the world. Over the last two decades, the need for simple and "easy to use" models for practical applications, characterized by few parameters and equations, has become clear, and some have been developed for this purpose. These models aim to represent the main drivers underlying forest ecosystem processes while being applicable to the widest possible range of forest ecosystems. Recently, it has also become clear that model performance should not be assessed only in terms of accuracy of estimations and predictions, but also in terms of estimates of model uncertainties. Therefore, the Bayesian approach has increasingly been applied to calibrate forest models, with the aim of estimating the uncertainty of their results, and of comparing their performances. Some forest models, considered to be user-friendly, rely on a multiplicative or quasi-multiplicative mathematical structure, which is known to cause problems during the calibration process, mainly due to high correlations between parameters. In a Bayesian framework using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling this is likely to impair the reaching of a proper convergence of the chains and the sampling from the correct posterior distribution. Here we show two methods to reach proper convergence when using a forest model with a multiplicative structure, applying different algorithms with different number of iterations during the Markov Chain Monte Carlo or a two-steps calibration. The results showed that recently proposed algorithms for adaptive calibration do not confer a clear advantage over the Metropolis-Hastings Random Walk algorithm for the forest model used here. Moreover, the calibration remains time consuming and mathematically difficult, so advantages of using a fast and user-friendly model can be lost due to the calibration process that is needed to obtain reliable results.

Bagnara, M.; Van Oijen, M.; Cameron, D.; Gianelle, D.; Magnani, F.; Sottocornola, M.

2014-10-01

37

GUARDD: user-friendly MATLAB software for rigorous analysis of CPMG RD NMR data.  

PubMed

Molecular dynamics are essential for life, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been used extensively to characterize these phenomena since the 1950s. For the past 15 years, the Carr-Purcell Meiboom-Gill relaxation dispersion (CPMG RD) NMR experiment has afforded advanced NMR labs access to kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural details of protein and RNA dynamics in the crucial ?s-ms time window. However, analysis of RD data is challenging because datasets are often large and require many non-linear fitting parameters, thereby confounding assessment of accuracy. Moreover, novice CPMG experimentalists face an additional barrier because current software options lack an intuitive user interface and extensive documentation. Hence, we present the open-source software package GUARDD (Graphical User-friendly Analysis of Relaxation Dispersion Data), which is designed to organize, automate, and enhance the analytical procedures which operate on CPMG RD data ( http://code.google.com/p/guardd/). This MATLAB-based program includes a graphical user interface, permits global fitting to multi-field, multi-temperature, multi-coherence data, and implements ? (2)-mapping procedures, via grid-search and Monte Carlo methods, to enhance and assess fitting accuracy. The presentation features allow users to seamlessly traverse the large amount of results, and the RD Simulator feature can help design future experiments as well as serve as a teaching tool for those unfamiliar with RD phenomena. Based on these innovative features, we expect that GUARDD will fill a well-defined gap in service of the RD NMR community. PMID:22160811

Kleckner, Ian R; Foster, Mark P

2012-01-01

38

ViSim: A user-friendly graphical simulation tool for performance analysis of MANET routing protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

The task of simulation is often complicated, and naive users often look for relatively easier solutions. In many cases, simulations are done with no visual output which makes them non-attractive. In this paper, we present ViSim; a new simulation tool that has a user-friendly graphical interface. ViSim could be useful for researchers, students, teachers in their work, and for the

Nazmus Saquib; Al-Sakib Khan Pathan

2011-01-01

39

Development and ITER relevant application of a user friendly interface (TEM) for use with the TMAP4 code  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tritium Enclosure Model (TEM) has been developed as a user friendly interface to facilitate the application of the previously validated, verified and ITER approved TMAP4 Code. TEM (and TMAP4) dynamically analyzes the movement of tritium through structures, between structures and adjoining enclosures. Credible ITER relevant accident scenarios were developed and analyzed. The analyses considered the scenario with the cleanup

M. R. Tanaka; C. Fong; K. M. Kalyanam; S. K. Sood; M. Delisle; A. Natalizio

1995-01-01

40

User Friendly Open GIS Tool for Large Scale Data Assimilation - a Case Study of Hydrological Modelling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Open source software (OSS) coding has tremendous advantages over proprietary software. These are primarily fuelled by high level programming languages (JAVA, C++, Python etc...) and open source geospatial libraries (GDAL/OGR, GEOS, GeoTools etc.). Quantum GIS (QGIS) is a popular open source GIS package, which is licensed under GNU GPL and is written in C++. It allows users to perform specialised tasks by creating plugins in C++ and Python. This research article emphasises on exploiting this capability of QGIS to build and implement plugins across multiple platforms using the easy to learn - Python programming language. In the present study, a tool has been developed to assimilate large spatio-temporal datasets such as national level gridded rainfall, temperature, topographic (digital elevation model, slope, aspect), landuse/landcover and multi-layer soil data for input into hydrological models. At present this tool has been developed for Indian sub-continent. An attempt is also made to use popular scientific and numerical libraries to create custom applications for digital inclusion. In the hydrological modelling calibration and validation are important steps which are repetitively carried out for the same study region. As such the developed tool will be user friendly and used efficiently for these repetitive processes by reducing the time required for data management and handling. Moreover, it was found that the developed tool can easily assimilate large dataset in an organised manner.

Gupta, P. K.

2012-08-01

41

PuffinPlot: A versatile, user-friendly program for paleomagnetic analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PuffinPlot is a user-friendly desktop application for analysis of paleomagnetic data, offering a unique combination of features. It runs on several operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux; supports both discrete and long core data; and facilitates analysis of very weakly magnetic samples. As well as interactive graphical operation, PuffinPlot offers batch analysis for large volumes of data, and a Python scripting interface for programmatic control of its features. Available data displays include demagnetization/intensity, Zijderveld, equal-area (for sample, site, and suite level demagnetization data, and for magnetic susceptibility anisotropy data), a demagnetization data table, and a natural remanent magnetization intensity histogram. Analysis types include principal component analysis, Fisherian statistics, and great-circle path intersections. The results of calculations can be exported as CSV (comma-separated value) files; graphs can be printed, and can also be saved as publication-quality vector files in SVG or PDF format. PuffinPlot is free, and the program, user manual, and fully documented source code may be downloaded from http://code.google.com/p/puffinplot/.

Lurcock, P. C.; Wilson, G. S.

2012-06-01

42

ClimatePipes: User-Friendly Data Access, Manipulation, Analysis & Visualization of Community Climate Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impact of climate change will resonate through a broad range of fields including public health, infrastructure, water resources, and many others. Long-term coordinated planning, funding, and action are required for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Unfortunately, widespread use of climate data (simulated and observed) in non-climate science communities is impeded by factors such as large data size, lack of adequate metadata, poor documentation, and lack of sufficient computational and visualization resources. We present ClimatePipes to address many of these challenges by creating an open source platform that provides state-of-the-art, user-friendly data access, analysis, and visualization for climate and other relevant geospatial datasets, making the climate data available to non-researchers, decision-makers, and other stakeholders. The overarching goals of ClimatePipes are: - Enable users to explore real-world questions related to climate change. - Provide tools for data access, analysis, and visualization. - Facilitate collaboration by enabling users to share datasets, workflows, and visualization. ClimatePipes uses a web-based application platform for its widespread support on mainstream operating systems, ease-of-use, and inherent collaboration support. The front-end of ClimatePipes uses HTML5 (WebGL, Canvas2D, CSS3) to deliver state-of-the-art visualization and to provide a best-in-class user experience. The back-end of the ClimatePipes is built around Python using the Visualization Toolkit (VTK, http://vtk.org), Climate Data Analysis Tools (CDAT, http://uv-cdat.llnl.gov), and other climate and geospatial data processing tools such as GDAL and PROJ4. ClimatePipes web-interface to query and access data from remote sources (such as ESGF). Shown in the figure is climate data layer from ESGF on top of map data layer from OpenStreetMap. The ClimatePipes workflow editor provides flexibility and fine grained control, and uses the VisTrails (http://www.vistrails.org) workflow engine in the backend.

Chaudhary, A.; DeMarle, D.; Burnett, B.; Harris, C.; Silva, W.; Osmari, D.; Geveci, B.; Silva, C.; Doutriaux, C.; Williams, D. N.

2013-12-01

43

cellXpress: a fast and user-friendly software platform for profiling cellular phenotypes  

PubMed Central

Background High-throughput, image-based screens of cellular responses to genetic or chemical perturbations generate huge numbers of cell images. Automated analysis is required to quantify and compare the effects of these perturbations. However, few of the current freely-available bioimage analysis software tools are optimized for efficient handling of these images. Even fewer of them are designed to transform the phenotypic features measured from these images into discriminative profiles that can reveal biologically meaningful associations among the tested perturbations. Results We present a fast and user-friendly software platform called "cellXpress" to segment cells, measure quantitative features of cellular phenotypes, construct discriminative profiles, and visualize the resulting cell masks and feature values. We have also developed a suite of library functions to load the extracted features for further customizable analysis and visualization under the R computing environment. We systematically compared the processing speed, cell segmentation accuracy, and phenotypic-profile clustering performance of cellXpress to other existing bioimage analysis software packages or algorithms. We found that cellXpress outperforms these existing tools on three different bioimage datasets. We estimate that cellXpress could finish processing a genome-wide gene knockdown image dataset in less than a day on a modern personal desktop computer. Conclusions The cellXpress platform is designed to make fast and efficient high-throughput phenotypic profiling more accessible to the wider biological research community. The cellXpress installation packages for 64-bit Windows and Linux, user manual, installation guide, and datasets used in this analysis can be downloaded freely from http://www.cellXpress.org. PMID:24564609

2013-01-01

44

A New User-Friendly Model to Reduce Cost for Headwater Benefits Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Headwater benefits at a downstream hydropower project are energy gains that are derived from the installation of upstream reservoirs. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is required by law to assess charges of such energy gains to downstream owners of non-federal hydropower projects. The high costs of determining headwater benefits prohibit the use of a complicated model in basins where the magnitude of the benefits is expected to be small. This paper presents a new user-friendly computer model, EFDAM (Enhanced Flow Duration Analysis Method), that not only improves the accuracy of the standard flow duration method but also reduces costs for determining headwater benefits. The EFDAM model includes a MS Windows-based interface module to provide tools for automating input data file preparation, linking and executing of a generic program, editing/viewing of input/output files, and application guidance. The EDFAM was applied to various river basins. An example was given to illustrate the main features of EFDAM application for creating input files and assessing headwater benefits at the Tulloch Hydropower Plant on the Stanislaus River Basin, California.

Bao, Y.S.; Cover, C.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Sale, M.J.; Sarma, V.

1999-07-07

45

SRMBuilder: a user-friendly tool for selected reaction monitoring data analysis.  

PubMed

With high sensitivity and reproducibility, selected reaction monitoring (SRM) has become increasingly popular in proteome research for targeted quantification of low abundance proteins and post translational modification. SRM is also well accepted in other mass-spectrometry based research areas such as lipidomics and metabolomics, which necessitates the development of easy-to-use software for both post-acquisition SRM data analysis and quantification result validation. Here, we introduce a software tool SRMBuilder, which can automatically parse SRM data in multiple file formats, assign transitions to compounds, match light/heavy transition/compound pairs and provide a user-friendly graphic interface to manually validate the quantification result at transition/compound/sample level. SRMBuilder will greatly facilitate processing of the post-acquisition data files and validation of quantification result for SRM. The software can be downloaded for free from http://www.proteomics.ac.cn/software/proteomicstools/index.htm as part of the software suite ProteomicsTools. PMID:22144253

Sheng, Quanhu; Wu, Chaochao; Su, Zhiduan; Zeng, Rong

2011-12-01

46

Developing user-friendly habitat suitability tools from regional stream fish survey data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We developed user-friendly fish habitat suitability tools (plots) for fishery managers in Michigan; these tools are based on driving habitat variables and fish population estimates for several hundred stream sites throughout the state. We generated contour plots to show patterns in fish biomass for over 60 common species (and for 120 species grouped at the family level) in relation to axes of catchment area and low-flow yield (90% exceedance flow divided by catchment area) and also in relation to axes of mean and weekly range of July temperatures. The plots showed distinct patterns in fish habitat suitability at each level of biological organization studied and were useful for quantitatively comparing river sites. We demonstrate how these plots can be used to support stream management, and we provide examples pertaining to resource assessment, trout stocking, angling regulations, chemical reclamation of marginal trout streams, indicator species, instream flow protection, and habitat restoration. These straightforward and effective tools are electronically available so that managers can easily access and incorporate them into decision protocols and presentations.

Zorn, T.G.; Seelbach, P.; Wiley, M.J.

2011-01-01

47

Accurate GPS Time-Linked data Acquisition System (ATLAS II) user's manual.  

SciTech Connect

The Accurate Time-Linked data Acquisition System (ATLAS II) is a small, lightweight, time-synchronized, robust data acquisition system that is capable of acquiring simultaneous long-term time-series data from both a wind turbine rotor and ground-based instrumentation. This document is a user's manual for the ATLAS II hardware and software. It describes the hardware and software components of ATLAS II, and explains how to install and execute the software.

Jones, Perry L.; Zayas, Jose R.; Ortiz-Moyet, Juan (PrimeCore Systems Inc., Albuquerque, NM)

2004-02-01

48

DRAC: A user-friendly computer code for modeling transient thermohydraulic phenomena in solar-receiver tubing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The capabilities of DRAC (Dynamic Receiver Analysis Code) are presented. The DRAC is the first in a series of user friendly driver programs for the more general code. TOPAZ (transient one dimensional pipe flow analyzer). The DRAC permits the user to model both transient and steady state thermohydraulic phenomena in solar receiver tubing. Users may specify arbitrary, time dependent, incident heat flux profiles and/or flow rate changes and DRAC will calculate the resulting transient excursions in tube wall temperature and fluid properties. Radiative and convective losses are accounted for and the user may model any receiver flud (compressible or incompressible) for which thermodynamic data exists. The DRAC code, a comprehensive set of steady state validation calculations, and detailed user instructions are described.

Winters, W. S.

1983-01-01

49

A graphical user-friendly interface for MCR-ALS: a new tool for multivariate curve resolution in MATLAB  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new graphical user-friendly interface for Multivariate Curve Resolution using Alternating Least Squares has been developed as a freely available MATLAB toolbox. Through the use of this new easy-to-use graphical interface, the selection of the type of data analysis (either individual experiments giving a single data matrix or the more powerful simultaneous analysis of several experiments using one or more

Joaquim Jaumot; Raimundo Gargallo; Anna de Juan; Romà Tauler

2005-01-01

50

LotuS: an efficient and user-friendly OTU processing pipeline  

PubMed Central

Background 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) amplicon sequencing is frequently used to analyse the structure of bacterial communities from oceans to the human microbiota. However, computational power is still a major bottleneck in the analysis of continuously enlarging metagenomic data sets. Analysis is further complicated by the technical complexity of current bioinformatics tools. Results Here we present the less operational taxonomic units scripts (LotuS), a fast and user-friendly open-source tool to calculate denoised, chimera-checked, operational taxonomic units (OTUs). These are the basis to generate taxonomic abundance tables and phylogenetic trees from multiplexed, next-generation sequencing data (454, illumina MiSeq and HiSeq). LotuS is outstanding in its execution speed, as it can process 16S rDNA data up to two orders of magnitude faster than other existing pipelines. This is partly due to an included stand-alone fast simultaneous demultiplexer and quality filter C++ program, simple demultiplexer (sdm), which comes packaged with LotuS. Additionally, we sequenced two MiSeq runs with the intent to validate future pipelines by sequencing 40 technical replicates; these are made available in this work. Conclusion We show that LotuS analyses microbial 16S data with comparable or even better results than existing pipelines, requiring a fraction of the execution time and providing state-of-the-art denoising and phylogenetic reconstruction. LotuS is available through the following URL: http://psbweb05.psb.ugent.be/lotus.

2014-01-01

51

Microbioreactors with microfluidic control and a user-friendly connection to the actuator hardware  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, an array of microbioreactors based on the format of 48-well microtiter plates (MTPs) is presented. The process parameters pH and biomass are monitored online using commercially available optical sensor technology. A microfluidic device dispenses acid or base individually into each well for controlling the pH of fermentations. Fluid volumes from 72 nL to 940 nL can be supplied with valve opening times between 10 ms and 200 ms. One microfluidic device is capable of supplying four wells from two reservoirs. Up to four microfluidic devices can be integrated on the area of a prototype MTP. The devices are fabricated in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) using soft lithographic techniques and utilize pneumatically actuated microvalves. During fermentations, the microbioreactor is clamped to an orbital shaker and a temporary pneumatic connection guides the externally controlled pressurized air to the microfluidic device. Finally, fermentations of Escherichia coli in the presence and absence of pH control are carried out in the microbioreactor system over 18 h. During the fermentation the pH of the cultures is continuously monitored by means of optodes. An ammonia solution or phosphoric acid is dispensed to adjust the pH if it differs from the set point of 7.2. In a controlled culture, the pH can be sustained within 7.0 to 7.3 while the pH in an uncontrolled culture ranges between 6.5 and 9.0. This microbioreactor demonstrates the possibility of pH-controlled fermentations in micro-scale. The process control and the user friendly connection to the actuation hardware provide an easy handling comparable to standard MTPs.

Buchenauer, A.; Funke, M.; Büchs, J.; Mokwa, W.; Schnakenberg, U.

2009-07-01

52

Video Inlays: A System for User-Friendly Matchmove Dmitry Rudoy  

E-print Network

not adopted by the amateur user. In this pa- per we propose a system that allows an amateur user to performs, these very expensive soft- wares require high user skills and intensive user interaction. In amateur video. Furthermore, the level of user interaction is very high. Therefore amateurs rarely perform any video edits

Zelnik-Manor, Lihi - Zelnik-Manor, Lihi

53

PDB Editor: a user-friendly Java-based Protein Data Bank file editor with a GUI.  

PubMed

The Protein Data Bank file format is the format most widely used by protein crystallographers and biologists to disseminate and manipulate protein structures. Despite this, there are few user-friendly software packages available to efficiently edit and extract raw information from PDB files. This limitation often leads to many protein crystallographers wasting significant time manually editing PDB files. PDB Editor, written in Java Swing GUI, allows the user to selectively search, select, extract and edit information in parallel. Furthermore, the program is a stand-alone application written in Java which frees users from the hassles associated with platform/operating system-dependent installation and usage. PDB Editor can be downloaded from http://sourceforge.net/projects/pdbeditorjl/. PMID:19307724

Lee, Jonas; Kim, Sung Hou

2009-04-01

54

A LabVIEW based user-friendly X-ray phase-contrast imaging system software platform  

E-print Network

X-ray phase-contrast imaging can provide greatly improved contrast over conventional absorption-based imaging for weakly absorbing samples, such as biological soft tissues and fibre composites. In this manuscript, we introduce an easy and fast way to develop a user-friendly system software platform dedicated for the newly built grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging setup at the National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China. Unified management and control upon 21 motorized positioning stages, an ultra-precision piezoelectric translation stage and an X-ray tube are achieved with this platform, the software also covers automatic image acquisition with a flat panel detector for phase-stepping scanning. Moreover, data post-processing module for signals retrieval and other custom features could be realized on it. With a seamless integration of all the necessary functions into an organism, this software platform greatly facilitate activity of the users during experimen...

Wang, Shenghao; Gao, Kun; Wang, Zhili; Zhang, Can; Yang, Meng; Wu, Zhao; Marcelli, Augusto; Wu, Ziyu

2014-01-01

55

Fast and accurate semantic annotation of bioassays exploiting a hybrid of machine learning and user confirmation  

PubMed Central

Bioinformatics and computer aided drug design rely on the curation of a large number of protocols for biological assays that measure the ability of potential drugs to achieve a therapeutic effect. These assay protocols are generally published by scientists in the form of plain text, which needs to be more precisely annotated in order to be useful to software methods. We have developed a pragmatic approach to describing assays according to the semantic definitions of the BioAssay Ontology (BAO) project, using a hybrid of machine learning based on natural language processing, and a simplified user interface designed to help scientists curate their data with minimum effort. We have carried out this work based on the premise that pure machine learning is insufficiently accurate, and that expecting scientists to find the time to annotate their protocols manually is unrealistic. By combining these approaches, we have created an effective prototype for which annotation of bioassay text within the domain of the training set can be accomplished very quickly. Well-trained annotations require single-click user approval, while annotations from outside the training set domain can be identified using the search feature of a well-designed user interface, and subsequently used to improve the underlying models. By drastically reducing the time required for scientists to annotate their assays, we can realistically advocate for semantic annotation to become a standard part of the publication process. Once even a small proportion of the public body of bioassay data is marked up, bioinformatics researchers can begin to construct sophisticated and useful searching and analysis algorithms that will provide a diverse and powerful set of tools for drug discovery researchers. PMID:25165633

Bunin, Barry A.; Litterman, Nadia K.; Schürer, Stephan C.; Visser, Ubbo

2014-01-01

56

Fast and accurate semantic annotation of bioassays exploiting a hybrid of machine learning and user confirmation.  

PubMed

Bioinformatics and computer aided drug design rely on the curation of a large number of protocols for biological assays that measure the ability of potential drugs to achieve a therapeutic effect. These assay protocols are generally published by scientists in the form of plain text, which needs to be more precisely annotated in order to be useful to software methods. We have developed a pragmatic approach to describing assays according to the semantic definitions of the BioAssay Ontology (BAO) project, using a hybrid of machine learning based on natural language processing, and a simplified user interface designed to help scientists curate their data with minimum effort. We have carried out this work based on the premise that pure machine learning is insufficiently accurate, and that expecting scientists to find the time to annotate their protocols manually is unrealistic. By combining these approaches, we have created an effective prototype for which annotation of bioassay text within the domain of the training set can be accomplished very quickly. Well-trained annotations require single-click user approval, while annotations from outside the training set domain can be identified using the search feature of a well-designed user interface, and subsequently used to improve the underlying models. By drastically reducing the time required for scientists to annotate their assays, we can realistically advocate for semantic annotation to become a standard part of the publication process. Once even a small proportion of the public body of bioassay data is marked up, bioinformatics researchers can begin to construct sophisticated and useful searching and analysis algorithms that will provide a diverse and powerful set of tools for drug discovery researchers. PMID:25165633

Clark, Alex M; Bunin, Barry A; Litterman, Nadia K; Schürer, Stephan C; Visser, Ubbo

2014-01-01

57

Colorado Late Cenozoic Fault and Fold Database and Internet Map Server: User-friendly technology for complex information  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Internet mapping applications for geologic data allow simultaneous data delivery and collection, enabling quick data modification while efficiently supplying the end user with information. Utilizing Web-based technologies, the Colorado Geological Survey's Colorado Late Cenozoic Fault and Fold Database was transformed from a monothematic, nonspatial Microsoft Access database into a complex information set incorporating multiple data sources. The resulting user-friendly format supports easy analysis and browsing. The core of the application is the Microsoft Access database, which contains information compiled from available literature about faults and folds that are known or suspected to have moved during the late Cenozoic. The database contains nonspatial fields such as structure type, age, and rate of movement. Geographic locations of the fault and fold traces were compiled from previous studies at 1:250,000 scale to form a spatial database containing information such as length and strike. Integration of the two databases allowed both spatial and nonspatial information to be presented on the Internet as a single dataset (http://geosurvey.state.co.us/pubs/ceno/). The user-friendly interface enables users to view and query the data in an integrated manner, thus providing multiple ways to locate desired information. Retaining the digital data format also allows continuous data updating and quick delivery of newly acquired information. This dataset is a valuable resource to anyone interested in earthquake hazards and the activity of faults and folds in Colorado. Additional geologic hazard layers and imagery may aid in decision support and hazard evaluation. The up-to-date and customizable maps are invaluable tools for researchers or the public.

Morgan, K.S.; Pattyn, G.J.; Morgan, M.L.

2005-01-01

58

Re-Imagining Archival Display: Creating User-Friendly Finding Aids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how finding aids are structured and delivered, considering alternative approaches. It suggests that single-level displays, those that present a single component of a multilevel description to users at a time, have the potential to transform the delivery and display of collection information while improving the user

Daines, J. Gordon, III; Nimer, Cory L.

2011-01-01

59

Towards User-Friendly Spelling with an Auditory Brain-Computer Interface: The CharStreamer Paradigm  

PubMed Central

Realizing the decoding of brain signals into control commands, brain-computer interfaces (BCI) aim to establish an alternative communication pathway for locked-in patients. In contrast to most visual BCI approaches which use event-related potentials (ERP) of the electroencephalogram, auditory BCI systems are challenged with ERP responses, which are less class-discriminant between attended and unattended stimuli. Furthermore, these auditory approaches have more complex interfaces which imposes a substantial workload on their users. Aiming for a maximally user-friendly spelling interface, this study introduces a novel auditory paradigm: “CharStreamer”. The speller can be used with an instruction as simple as “please attend to what you want to spell”. The stimuli of CharStreamer comprise 30 spoken sounds of letters and actions. As each of them is represented by the sound of itself and not by an artificial substitute, it can be selected in a one-step procedure. The mental mapping effort (sound stimuli to actions) is thus minimized. Usability is further accounted for by an alphabetical stimulus presentation: contrary to random presentation orders, the user can foresee the presentation time of the target letter sound. Healthy, normal hearing users (n?=?10) of the CharStreamer paradigm displayed ERP responses that systematically differed between target and non-target sounds. Class-discriminant features, however, varied individually from the typical N1-P2 complex and P3 ERP components found in control conditions with random sequences. To fully exploit the sequential presentation structure of CharStreamer, novel data analysis approaches and classification methods were introduced. The results of online spelling tests showed that a competitive spelling speed can be achieved with CharStreamer. With respect to user rating, it clearly outperforms a control setup with random presentation sequences. PMID:24886978

Höhne, Johannes; Tangermann, Michael

2014-01-01

60

MINErosion 3: A user friendly hillslope model for predicting erosion from steep post-mining landscapes in Central Queensland, Australia.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Open-cut coal mining in Central Queensland involves the breaking up of overburden that overlies the coal seams using explosives, followed by removal with draglines which results in the formation of extensive overburden spoil-piles with steep slopes at the angle of repose (approximately 75 % or 37o). These spoil-piles are found in long multiple rows, with heights of up to 60 or 70 m above the original landscapes. They are generally highly saline and dispersive and hence highly erosive. Legislation requires that these spoil-piles be rehabilitated into a stable self sustaining ecosystem with no off-site pollution. The first stage in the rehabilitation of these landscapes is the lowering of slopes to create a landscape that is stable against geotechnical failure and erosion. This is followed by revegetation generally with grasses as pioneer vegetation to further reduce erosion and a mixture of native shrubs and trees. Minimizing erosion and excessive on-site discharges of sediment into the working areas may result in the temporary cessation of mining operation with significant financial consequences, while off site discharges may breach the mining lease conditions. The average cost of rehabilitation is around 22,000 per ha. With more than 50,000 ha of such spoil-piles in Queensland at present, the total cost of rehabilitation facing the industry is very high. Most of this comprised the cost of reshaping the landscape, largely associated with the amount of material movement necessary to achieve the desired landscape. Since soil and spoil-piles vary greatly in their erodibilities, a reliable and accurate method is required to determine a cost effective combination of slope length, slope gradient and vegetation that will result in acceptable rates of erosion. A user friendly hillslope computer package MINErosion 3, was developed to predict potential erosion to select suitable combinations of landscape design parameters (slope gradient, slope length and vegetation cover) that will result in acceptable rates of erosion. Slope length and gradient can then be used by the mining companies as inputs into their landscape design software to cost effectively construct suitable landscapes that will meet the required erosion criteria. MINErosion 3 itself is a cost effective package as it used laboratory derived parameters as inputs and predicts both the field annual average soil loss under the prevailing climatic conditions (using RUSLE) as well as the potential erosion from individual storms with known recurrent intervals (using MUSLE). MINErosion 3 is very simple and easy to use and the data requirements are small. A database of 34 soils and spoils from Central Queensland are imbeded in the model. This paper discusses the approach adopted for this model, its features and validation against data collected using large field rainfall simulators as well as field runoff plots ranging from 20 to 120 m long at different slope gradients from 10 to 75 %. The agreement between predicted (Y1) and measured (X1) annual average soil loss is good with a regression equation of Y1 = 0.8 X1 + 0.005 and an R2 = 0.70; while predicted (Y2) and measured (X2) rainstorm erosion events have a regression of Y2 = 0.867 X2 with an R2 of 0.68.

So, Hwat-Bing; Khalifa, Ashraf; Carroll, Chris; Yu, Bofu

2010-05-01

61

A LabVIEW based user-friendly nano-CT image alignment and 3D reconstruction platform  

E-print Network

X-ray nanometer computed tomography (nano-CT) offers applications and opportunities in many scientific researches and industrial areas. Here we present a user-friendly and fast LabVIEW based package running, after acquisition of the raw projection images, a procedure to obtain the inner structure of the sample under analysis. At first, a reliable image alignment procedure fixes possible misalignments among image series due to mechanical errors, thermal expansion and other external contributions, then a novel fast parallel beam 3D reconstruction performs the tomographic reconstruction. The remarkable improved reconstruction after the image calibration confirms the fundamental role of the image alignment procedure. It minimizes blurring and additional streaking artifacts present in a reconstructed slice that cause loss of information and faked structures in the observed material. The nano-CT image alignment and 3D reconstruction LabVIEW package significantly reducing the data process, makes faster and easier th...

Wang, Shenghao; Wang, Zhili; Gao, Kun; Wu, Zhao; Zhu, Peiping; Wu, Ziyu

2014-01-01

62

Joyce and Ulysses: integrated and user-friendly tools for the parameterization of intramolecular force fields from quantum mechanical data.  

PubMed

The Joyce program is augmented with several new features, including the user friendly Ulysses GUI, the possibility of complete excited state parameterization and a more flexible treatment of the force field electrostatic terms. A first validation is achieved by successfully comparing results obtained with Joyce2.0 to literature ones, obtained for the same set of benchmark molecules. The parameterization protocol is also applied to two other larger molecules, namely nicotine and a coumarin based dye. In the former case, the parameterized force field is employed in molecular dynamics simulations of solvated nicotine, and the solute conformational distribution at room temperature is discussed. Force fields parameterized with Joyce2.0, for both the dye's ground and first excited electronic states, are validated through the calculation of absorption and emission vertical energies with molecular mechanics optimized structures. Finally, the newly implemented procedure to handle polarizable force fields is discussed and applied to the pyrimidine molecule as a test case. PMID:23389748

Barone, Vincenzo; Cacelli, Ivo; De Mitri, Nicola; Licari, Daniele; Monti, Susanna; Prampolini, Giacomo

2013-03-21

63

MASDET-A fast and user-friendly multiplatform software for mass determination by dark-field electron microscopy.  

PubMed

Electron microscopy has been used to measure the mass of biological nanoparticles since the early 60s, and is the only way to obtain the mass of large structures or parameters such as the mass-per-length of filaments. The ability of this method to sort heterogeneous samples both in terms of mass and shape promises to make it a key tool for proteomics down to the single cell level. A new multiplatform software package, MASDET, that can be run under MATLAB or as a standalone program is described. Based on a user-friendly graphical interface MASDET streamlines mass evaluation and greatly increases the speed of required optimisation procedures. Importantly, the immediate application of Monte-Carlo simulations to describe multiple scattering is possible, allowing the mass analysis of thicker samples and the generation of mass thickness maps. PMID:19041401

Krzyzánek, Vladislav; Müller, Shirley A; Engel, Andreas; Reichelt, Rudolf

2009-02-01

64

STORMSeq: An Open-Source, User-Friendly Pipeline for Processing Personal Genomics Data in the Cloud  

PubMed Central

The increasing public availability of personal complete genome sequencing data has ushered in an era of democratized genomics. However, read mapping and variant calling software is constantly improving and individuals with personal genomic data may prefer to customize and update their variant calls. Here, we describe STORMSeq (Scalable Tools for Open-Source Read Mapping), a graphical interface cloud computing solution that does not require a parallel computing environment or extensive technical experience. This customizable and modular system performs read mapping, read cleaning, and variant calling and annotation. At present, STORMSeq costs approximately $2 and 5–10 hours to process a full exome sequence and $30 and 3–8 days to process a whole genome sequence. We provide this open-access and open-source resource as a user-friendly interface in Amazon EC2. PMID:24454756

Karczewski, Konrad J.; Fernald, Guy Haskin; Martin, Alicia R.; Snyder, Michael; Tatonetti, Nicholas P.; Dudley, Joel T.

2014-01-01

65

STORMSeq: an open-source, user-friendly pipeline for processing personal genomics data in the cloud.  

PubMed

The increasing public availability of personal complete genome sequencing data has ushered in an era of democratized genomics. However, read mapping and variant calling software is constantly improving and individuals with personal genomic data may prefer to customize and update their variant calls. Here, we describe STORMSeq (Scalable Tools for Open-Source Read Mapping), a graphical interface cloud computing solution that does not require a parallel computing environment or extensive technical experience. This customizable and modular system performs read mapping, read cleaning, and variant calling and annotation. At present, STORMSeq costs approximately $2 and 5-10 hours to process a full exome sequence and $30 and 3-8 days to process a whole genome sequence. We provide this open-access and open-source resource as a user-friendly interface in Amazon EC2. PMID:24454756

Karczewski, Konrad J; Fernald, Guy Haskin; Martin, Alicia R; Snyder, Michael; Tatonetti, Nicholas P; Dudley, Joel T

2014-01-01

66

Smart-Its Friends: A Technique for Users to Easily Establish Connections between Smart Artefacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ubiquitous computing is associated with a vision of everything being connected to everything. However, for successful applications to emerge, not the quantity but the quality and usefulness of connections will matter. Our concern is how qualitative relations and more selective connections can be established between smart artefacts, and how users can retain control over artefact interconnection. We propose context proximity

Lars Erik Holmquist; Friedemann Mattern; Bernt Schiele; Petteri Alahuhta; Michael Beigl; Hans-werner Gellersen

2001-01-01

67

SLEM (SLAVE Emulator Editor): A user-friendly, advanced text editor  

SciTech Connect

SLEM is a new full-screen editor for VAX/VMS computers which is programmed in the VAXTPU language. In addition to executing more quickly than EDT, SLEM proviees several new, advanced features while employing a user interface which is similar to EDT. The SLEM enhancements in the VAXTPU facility are like the SLAVE editor enhancements to EDT.

Mills-Curran, W.C.

1986-11-01

68

An interactive user-friendly approach to surface-fitting three-dimensional geometries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A surface-fitting technique has been developed which addresses two problems with existing geometry packages: computer storage requirements and the time required of the user for the initial setup of the geometry model. Coordinates of cross sections are fit using segments of general conic sections. The next step is to blend the cross-sectional curve-fits in the longitudinal direction using general conics to fit specific meridional half-planes. Provisions are made to allow the fitting of fuselages and wings so that entire wing-body combinations may be modeled. This report includes the development of the technique along with a User's Guide for the various menus within the program. Results for the modeling of the Space Shuttle and a proposed Aeroassist Flight Experiment geometry are presented.

Cheatwood, F. Mcneil; Dejarnette, Fred R.

1988-01-01

69

A user friendly method to isolate and single spore the fungi Magnaporthe oryzae and Magnaporthe grisea obtained from diseased field samples  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The fungus Magnaporthe oryzae is the causal agent for a wide range of plant diseases including diseases of rice, wheat, rye grass, turfgrass and pearl millet. A simple robust procedure for fungal isolation is not publicly available. In the present study, a user friendly method was developed to iso...

70

Development of a user-friendly delivery method for the fungus Metarhizium anisopliac to control the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor in honey bee, Apis mellifera, colonies  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A user-friendly method to deliver Metarhizium spores to honey bee colonies for control of Varroa mites was developed and tested. Patty blend formulations protected the fungal spores at brood nest temperatures and served as an improved delivery system of the fungus to bee hives. Field trials conducte...

71

A user-friendly, open-source tool to project impact and cost of diagnostic tests for tuberculosis  

PubMed Central

Most models of infectious diseases, including tuberculosis (TB), do not provide results customized to local conditions. We created a dynamic transmission model to project TB incidence, TB mortality, multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB prevalence, and incremental costs over 5 years after scale-up of nine alternative diagnostic strategies. A corresponding web-based interface allows users to specify local costs and epidemiology. In settings with little capacity for up-front investment, same-day microscopy had the greatest impact on TB incidence and became cost-saving within 5 years if delivered at $10/test. With greater initial investment, population-level scale-up of Xpert MTB/RIF or microcolony-based culture often averted 10 times more TB cases than narrowly-targeted strategies, at minimal incremental long-term cost. Xpert for smear-positive TB had reasonable impact on MDR-TB incidence, but at substantial price and little impact on overall TB incidence and mortality. This user-friendly modeling framework improves decision-makers' ability to evaluate the local impact of TB diagnostic strategies. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.02565.001 PMID:24898755

Dowdy, David W; Andrews, Jason R; Dodd, Peter J; Gilman, Robert H

2014-01-01

72

A user-friendly nano-CT image alignment and 3D reconstruction platform based on LabVIEW  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

X-ray computed tomography at the nanometer scale (nano-CT) offers a wide range of applications in scientific and industrial areas. Here we describe a reliable, user-friendly, and fast software package based on LabVIEW that may allow us to perform all procedures after the acquisition of raw projection images in order to obtain the inner structure of the investigated sample. A suitable image alignment process to address misalignment problems among image series due to mechanical manufacturing errors, thermal expansion, and other external factors has been considered, together with a novel fast parallel beam 3D reconstruction procedure that was developed ad hoc to perform the tomographic reconstruction. We have obtained remarkably improved reconstruction results at the Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility after the image calibration, the fundamental role of this image alignment procedure was confirmed, which minimizes the unwanted blurs and additional streaking artifacts that are always present in reconstructed slices. Moreover, this nano-CT image alignment and its associated 3D reconstruction procedure are fully based on LabVIEW routines, significantly reducing the data post-processing cycle, thus making the activity of the users faster and easier during experimental runs.

Wang, Sheng-Hao; Zhang, Kai; Wang, Zhi-Li; Gao, Kun; Wu, Zhao; Zhu, Pei-Ping; Wu, Zi-Yu

2015-01-01

73

Octopus, a fast and user-friendly tomographic reconstruction package developed in LabView®  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new software package called Octopus was developed for tomographic reconstruction of parallel beam projection data and fan beam data. It was written entirely in LabView®. It has a full graphical user interface and a high level of automation while allowing every processing step to be manually controlled. Octopus displays some unique features such as dual-energy tomography for element-sensitive investigations. Most importantly it features distributed reconstruction over a network using a server-client architecture with negligible network delays reducing reconstruction times almost proportionally to the number of clients. Octopus runs independently in a Windows® environment.

Dierick, M.; Masschaele, B.; Van Hoorebeke, L.

2004-07-01

74

Program for User-Friendly Management of Input and Output Data Sets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program manages large, hierarchical sets of input and output (I/O) parameters (typically, sequences of alphanumeric data) involved in computational simulations in a variety of technological disciplines. This program represents sets of parameters as structures coded in object-oriented but otherwise standard American National Standards Institute C language. Each structure contains a group of I/O parameters that make sense as a unit in the simulation program with which this program is used. The addition of options and/or elements to sets of parameters amounts to the addition of new elements to data structures. By association of child data generated in response to a particular user input, a hierarchical ordering of input parameters can be achieved. Associated with child data structures are the creation and description mechanisms within the parent data structures. Child data structures can spawn further child data structures. In this program, the creation and representation of a sequence of data structures is effected by one line of code that looks for children of a sequence of structures until there are no more children to be found. A linked list of structures is created dynamically and is completely represented in the data structures themselves. Such hierarchical data presentation can guide users through otherwise complex setup procedures and it can be integrated within a variety of graphical representations.

Klimeck, Gerhard

2003-01-01

75

BioAssemblyModeler (BAM): User-Friendly Homology Modeling of Protein Homo- and Heterooligomers  

PubMed Central

Many if not most proteins function in oligomeric assemblies of one or more protein sequences. The Protein Data Bank provides coordinates for biological assemblies for each entry, at least 60% of which are dimers or larger assemblies. BioAssemblyModeler (BAM) is a graphical user interface to the basic steps in homology modeling of protein homooligomers and heterooligomers from the biological assemblies provided in the PDB. BAM takes as input up to six different protein sequences and begins by assigning Pfam domains to the target sequences. The program utilizes a complete assignment of Pfam domains to sequences in the PDB, PDBfam (http://dunbrack2.fccc.edu/protcid/pdbfam), to obtain templates that contain any or all of the domains assigned to the target sequence(s). The contents of the biological assemblies of potential templates are provided, and alignments of the target sequences to the templates are produced with a profile-profile alignment algorithm. BAM provides for visual examination and mouse-editing of the alignments supported by target and template secondary structure information and a 3D viewer of the template biological assembly. Side-chain coordinates for a model of the biological assembly are built with the program SCWRL4. A built-in protocol navigation system guides the user through all stages of homology modeling from input sequences to a three-dimensional model of the target complex. Availability: http://dunbrack.fccc.edu/BAM. PMID:24922057

Xu, Qifang; Andrake, Mark; Dunbrack, Roland L.

2014-01-01

76

The VERCE Science Gateway: enabling user friendly seismic waves simulations across European HPC infrastructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EU-funded project VERCE (Virtual Earthquake and seismology Research Community in Europe) aims to deploy technologies which satisfy the HPC and data-intensive requirements of modern seismology. As a result of VERCE's official collaboration with the EU project SCI-BUS, access to computational resources, like local clusters and international infrastructures (EGI and PRACE), is made homogeneous and integrated within a dedicated science gateway based on the gUSE framework. In this presentation we give a detailed overview on the progress achieved with the developments of the VERCE Science Gateway, according to a use-case driven implementation strategy. More specifically, we show how the computational technologies and data services have been integrated within a tool for Seismic Forward Modelling, whose objective is to offer the possibility to perform simulations of seismic waves as a service to the seismological community. We will introduce the interactive components of the OGC map based web interface and how it supports the user with setting up the simulation. We will go through the selection of input data, which are either fetched from federated seismological web services, adopting community standards, or provided by the users themselves by accessing their own document data store. The HPC scientific codes can be selected from a number of waveform simulators, currently available to the seismological community as batch tools or with limited configuration capabilities in their interactive online versions. The results will be staged out from the HPC via a secure GridFTP transfer to a VERCE data layer managed by iRODS. The provenance information of the simulation will be automatically cataloged by the data layer via NoSQL techonologies. We will try to demonstrate how data access, validation and visualisation can be supported by a general purpose provenance framework which, besides common provenance concepts imported from the OPM and the W3C-PROV initiatives, also offers an extensible metadata archive including community and user defined metadata and annotations. Finally, we will show how the VERCE Gateway platform will allow the customisation of pre and post processing phases of the simulation workflows, thanks to the availability of a registry of processing elements (PEs,) which are easily developed and maintained by the seismologists.

Spinuso, Alessandro; Krause, Amy; Ramos Garcia, Clàudia; Casarotti, Emanuele; Magnoni, Federica; Klampanos, Iraklis A.; Frobert, Laurent; Krischer, Lion; Trani, Luca; David, Mario; Leong, Siew Hoon; Muraleedharan, Visakh

2014-05-01

77

User-friendly tools on handheld devices for observer performance study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ROC studies require complex procedures to select cases from many data samples, and to set confidence levels in each selected case to generate ROC curves. In some observer performance studies, researchers have to develop software with specific graphical user interface (GUI) to obtain confidence levels from readers. Because ROC studies could be designed for various clinical situations, it is difficult task for preparing software corresponding to every ROC studies. In this work, we have developed software for recording confidence levels during observer studies on tiny personal handheld devices such as iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad. To confirm the functions of our software, three radiologists performed observer studies to detect lung nodules by using public database of chest radiograms published by Japan Society of Radiological Technology. The output in text format conformed to the format for the famous ROC kit from the University of Chicago. Times required for the reading each case was recorded very precisely.

Matsumoto, Takuya; Hara, Takeshi; Shiraishi, Junji; Fukuoka, Daisuke; Abe, Hiroyuki; Matsusako, Masaki; Yamada, Akira; Zhou, Xiangrong; Fujita, Hiroshi

2012-02-01

78

Improving DOE-2's RESYS routine: User defined functions to provide more accurate part load energy use and humidity predictions  

SciTech Connect

In hourly energy simulations, it is important to properly predict the performance of air conditioning systems over a range of full and part load operating conditions. An important component of these calculations is to properly consider the performance of the cycling air conditioner and how it interacts with the building. This paper presents improved approaches to properly account for the part load performance of residential and light commercial air conditioning systems in DOE-2. First, more accurate correlations are given to predict the degradation of system efficiency at part load conditions. In addition, a user-defined function for RESYS is developed that provides improved predictions of air conditioner sensible and latent capacity at part load conditions. The user function also provides more accurate predictions of space humidity by adding ''lumped'' moisture capacitance into the calculations. The improved cooling coil model and the addition of moisture capacitance predicts humidity swings that are more representative of the performance observed in real buildings.

Henderson, Hugh I.; Parker, Danny; Huang, Yu J.

2000-08-04

79

Speeding up the screening of steroids in urine: development of a user-friendly library.  

PubMed

This work presents a novel database search engine - MLibrary - designed to assist the user in the detection and identification of androgenic anabolic steroids (AAS) and its metabolites by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) and mass spectrometry-based strategies. The detection of the AAS in the samples was accomplished by searching (i) the mass spectrometric (MS) spectra against the library developed to identify possible positives and (ii) by comparison of the tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) spectra produced after fragmentation of the possible positives with a complete set of spectra that have previously been assigned to the software. The urinary screening for anabolic agents plays a major role in anti-doping laboratories as they represent the most abused drug class in sports. With the help of the MLibrary software application, the use of MALDI techniques for doping control is simplified and the time for evaluation and interpretation of the results is reduced. To do so, the search engine takes as input several MALDI-TOF-MS and MALDI-TOF-MS/MS spectra. It aids the researcher in an automatic mode by identifying possible positives in a single MS analysis and then confirming their presence in tandem MS analysis by comparing the experimental tandem mass spectrometric data with the database. Furthermore, the search engine can, potentially, be further expanded to other compounds in addition to AASs. The applicability of the MLibrary tool is shown through the analysis of spiked urine samples. PMID:24036418

Galesio, M; López-Fdez, H; Reboiro-Jato, M; Gómez-Meire, Silvana; Glez-Peña, D; Fdez-Riverola, F; Lodeiro, Carlos; Diniz, M E; Capelo, J L

2013-12-11

80

Online user-friendly slant total electron content computation from IRI-Plas: IRI-Plas-STEC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Slant total electron content (STEC), the total number of free electrons on a ray path, is an important space weather observable. STEC is the main input for computerized ionospheric tomography (CIT). STEC can be estimated using the dual-frequency GPS receivers. GPS-STEC contains the space weather variability, yet the estimates are prone to measurement and instrument errors that are not related to the physical structure of the ionosphere. International Reference Ionosphere Extended to Plasmasphere (IRI-Plas) is the international standard climatic model of ionosphere and plasmasphere, providing vertical electron density profiles for a desired date, time, and location. IRI-Plas is used as the background model in CIT. Computation of STEC from IRI-Plas is a tedious task for researchers due to extensive geodetic calculations and IRI-Plas runs. In this study, IONOLAB group introduces a new space weather service to facilitate the computation of STEC from IRI-Plas (IRI-Plas-STEC) at www.ionolab.org. The IRI-Plas-STEC can be computed online for a desired location, date, hour, elevation, and azimuth angle. The user-friendly interface also provides means for computation of IRI-STEC for a desired location and date to indicate the variability in hour of the day, elevation, or azimuth angles. The desired location can be chosen as a GPS receiver in International GNSS Service (IGS) or EUREF Permanent Network (EPN). Also instead of specifying elevation and azimuth angles, the user can directly choose from the GPS satellites and obtain IRI-Plas-STEC for a desired date and/or hour. The computed IRI-Plas-STEC values are presented directly on the screen or via e-mail as both text and plots.

Tuna, Hakan; Arikan, Orhan; Arikan, Feza; Gulyaeva, Tamara L.; Sezen, Umut

2014-01-01

81

Development of user-friendly functional molecular markers for VvDXS gene conferring muscat flavor in grapevine.  

PubMed

High fruit and wine quality combined with good climatic adaptation and disease resistance are essential objectives of grape breeding. While several molecular markers are available for pyramiding resistance to fungal pathogens, molecular tools for predicting fruit composition are still scarce. Muscat flavor, caused by the accumulation of monoterpenoids in the berry, is an important target trait for breeding, sought after in both table grapes and wine. Four missense mutations in the VvDXS gene in grape germplasm have been shown to be tightly linked to muscat flavor. Here we present highly reproducible and breeder-friendly functional markers for each of the targeted polymorphisms developed by using either the multiplexed minisequencing SNaPshot™ method, the high-resolution melting (HRM) assay or the cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence system. A total of 242 grapevine accessions were analyzed to optimize these different genotyping methods and to provide allele-specific markers for accurate selection of muscat flavor at early stages of grape breeding programs. The HRM and the minisequencing SNaPshot multiplex assays allow for high-throughput automated screening and are suitable for large-scale breeding programs and germplasm characterization. PMID:24482604

Emanuelli, F; Sordo, M; Lorenzi, S; Battilana, J; Grando, M S

2014-01-01

82

A user-friendly quantitative approach to classifying nearshore marine habitats along a heterogeneous coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scheme, which can be readily used by fisheries and environmental managers and ecologists, has been developed for quantitatively classifying the different habitats found in nearshore marine waters along the heterogeneous lower west coast of Australia. Initially, 25 beach sites, representing a wide range of nearshore environments, were separated into six a priori habitat types on the basis of characteristics that could readily be observed and were likely to influence the extent to which a particular (fish) species occupies a particular habitat. Focus was thus placed on such features as the degree of exposure to wave activity and whether or not seagrass and/or reefs were present in the nearshore vicinity. Subsequently, quantitative data for 27 environmental variables, considered likely to characterise the six habitat types, were obtained for each of the 25 sites from readily accessible sources. When the latter data were subjected to multidimensional scaling (MDS) ordination, the points for the sites representing only three of those six habitat types formed discrete groups. The BVSTEP routine in the PRIMER v5.0 statistical package (Clarke & Gorley, Primer v5.0: User Manual/Tutorial, Primer-E Ltd, Plymouth, 2001) was thus used to select a subset of the 27 environmental variables that would provide a better resolution of the six a priori habitat types. This process involved matching the distance matrix constructed from the quantitative environmental data with a matrix constructed from scored data that reflected the criteria for the initial a priori classification scheme. A subset of seven environmental variables gave the best correlation between the two matrices ( ?=0.823), and thus provided the optimal set of quantitative data for discriminating between the six a priori habitat types. These variables comprised both the direct and north-westerly fetches, the minimum distance from the shoreline to the 2 m depth contour, the distance from the shoreline to the first offshore reef chain along a south-westerly transect, and the relative contributions of bare sand, subtidal reef and seagrass. Data for these characteristics at any nearshore site along the coastline can readily be recorded by managers and ecologists and subjected to the 'nearest-replicate' classification procedure developed in this study to ascertain the habitat type to which that site should be assigned. Current work is using MDS ordination, in conjunction with associated statistical tests and the BVSTEP routine, to elucidate the extent to which the compositions of assemblages of fish, benthic macroinvertebrates, meiofauna and zooplankton in nearshore waters along the lower west coast of Australia are related to habitat type(s).

Valesini, F. J.; Clarke, K. R.; Eliot, I.; Potter, I. C.

2003-05-01

83

Development of a new, fast, user friendly, ray tracing program "CSIM" for the simulation of parallelhole collimators.  

PubMed

We have developed a fast, user friendly, ray-tracing program, "CSIM" for low-energy gamma rays (up to ?200keV) to simulate the performance characteristics of parallelhole collimators. We have used a ray-tracing approach to find the sensitivity and resolution of the parallelhole collimator by including the penetration of photons through the collimator due to the finite attenuation of the collimator material. "CSIM" can calculate the sensitivity of the collimator, the geometric and penetrating photon ratios, and the 1D and 2D point source response functions (PSF) with the statistical uncertainty for different hole shapes (e.g. square, hexagonal, and cylindrical). We have used "CSIM" to simulate the collimator of the YAP-(S)PETII small animal scanner. We present the analysis of the YAP-(S)PETII scanner round-hole parallel collimator designed for nuclear medicine imaging at 140keV. For this aim, different designs have been considered for a variety of source-collimator distances (b=5, 10, 15, 20cm). Resolution and sensitivity characteristics have been plotted as a function of the collimator thickness and the diameter of the hole. For each value of the source-collimator distance, and for each collimator thickness investigated, the trade-off between sensitivity and spatial resolution has been given as a series of characteristic curves. Then, we compare our simulated resolution and sensitivity results to the analytically calculated ones and found that the analytically calculated results for the YAP-(S)PETII scanner collimator are not far away the results predicted by CSIM and also with the experimentally measured resolution values. PMID:23347780

Erturk, Sakine Sebnem; Del Guerra, Alberto

2013-06-01

84

Propulsion Systems Demand Accurate Property Data J.W. Magee, D.G. Friend, T.J. Bruno, M.L. Huber, E.W. Lemmon, A. Laesecke, R.A. Perkins, J.A.  

E-print Network

Propulsion Systems Demand Accurate Property Data J.W. Magee, D.G. Friend, T.J. Bruno, M.L. Huber, E% of the uncertainty in the propulsion system design. NIST used a gas chromatography­mass spectrometry source of uncertainty in propulsion system design. #12;

Magee, Joseph W.

85

User friendly joystick  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A joystick control device having a lower U-shaped bracket, an upper U-shaped bracket, a handle attached to the upper U-shaped bracket, with the upper U-shaped bracket connected to the lower U-shaped bracket by a compliant joint allowing six degrees of freedom for the joystick. The compliant joint consists of at least one cable segment affixed between the lower U-shaped bracket and the upper U-shaped bracket. At least one input device is located between the lower U-shaped bracket and the upper U-shaped bracket.

Eklund, Wayne D. (inventor); Kerley, James J. (inventor)

1992-01-01

86

User friendly line CAPTCHAs  

Microsoft Academic Search

CAPTCHAs or reverse Turing tests are real-time assessments used by programs (or computers) to tell humans and machines apart. This is achieved by assigning and assessing hard AI problems that could only be solved easily by human but not by machines. Applications of such assessments range from stopping spammers from automatically filling online forms to preventing hackers from performing dictionary

A. K. B. Karunathilake; B. M. D. Balasuriya; R. G. Ragel

2009-01-01

87

A preliminary user-friendly, digital console for the control room parameters supervision in old-generation Nuclear Plants  

SciTech Connect

Improvements in the awareness of a system status is an essential requirement to achieve safety in every kind of plant. In particular, in the case of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs), a progress is crucial to enhance the Human Machine Interface (HMI) in order to optimize monitoring and analyzing processes of NPP operational states. Firstly, as old-fashioned plants are concerned, an upgrading of the whole console instrumentation is desirable in order to replace an analog visualization with a full-digital system. In this work, we present a novel instrument able to interface the control console of a nuclear reactor, developed by using CompactRio, a National Instruments embedded architecture and its dedicated programming language. This real-time industrial controller composed by a real-time processor and FPGA modules has been programmed to visualize the parameters coming from the reactor, and to storage and reproduce significant conditions anytime. This choice has been made on the basis of the FPGA properties: high reliability, determinism, true parallelism and re-configurability, achieved by a simple programming method, based on LabVIEW real-time environment. The system architecture exploits the FPGA capabilities of implementing custom timing and triggering, hardware-based analysis and co-processing, and highest performance control algorithms. Data stored during the supervisory phase can be reproduced by loading data from a measurement file, re-enacting worthwhile operations or conditions. The system has been thought to be used in three different modes, namely Log File Mode, Supervisory Mode and Simulation Mode. The proposed system can be considered as a first step to develop a more complete Decision Support System (DSS): indeed this work is part of a wider project that includes the elaboration of intelligent agents and meta-theory approaches. A synoptic has been created to monitor every kind of action on the plant through an intuitive sight. Furthermore, another important aim of this work is the possibility to have a front panel available on a web interface: CompactRio acts as a remote server and it is accessible on a dedicated LAN. This supervisory system has been tested and validated on the basis of the real control console for the 1-MW TRIGA reactor RC-1 at the ENEA, Casaccia Research Center. In this paper we show some results obtained by recording each variable as the reactor reaches its maximum level of power. The choice of a research reactor for testing the developed system relies on its training and didactic importance for the education of plant operators: in this context a digital instrument can offer a better user-friendly tool for learning and training. It is worthwhile to remark that such a system does not interfere with the console instrumentation, the latter continuing to preserve the total control. (authors)

Memmi, F.; Falconi, L.; Cappelli, M.; Palomba, M.; Santoro, E.; Bove, R.; Sepielli, M. [UTFISST, ENEA Casaccia, via Anguillarese 301, Rome (Italy)

2012-07-01

88

A user-friendly, dynamic web environment for remote data browsing and analysis of multiparametric geophysical data within the MULTIMO project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the framework of the EU-funded project "Multi-disciplinary monitoring, modelling and forecasting of volcanic hazard" (MULTIMO), multiparametric data have been recorded at the MULTIMO station in Montserrat. Moreover, several other long time series, recorded at Montserrat and at other volcanoes, have been acquired in order to test stochastic and deterministic methodologies under development. Creating a general framework to handle data efficiently is a considerable task even for homogeneous data. In the case of heterogeneous data, this becomes a major issue. A need for a consistent way of browsing such a heterogeneous dataset in a user-friendly way therefore arose. Additionally, a framework for applying the calculation of the developed dynamical parameters on the data series was also needed in order to easily keep these parameters under control, e.g. for monitoring, research or forecasting purposes. The solution which we present is completely based on Open Source software, including Linux operating system, MySql database management system, Apache web server, Zope application server, Scilab math engine, Plone content management framework, Unified Modelling Language. From the user point of view the main advantage is the possibility of browsing through datasets recorded on different volcanoes, with different instruments, with different sampling frequencies, stored in different formats, all via a consistent, user- friendly interface that transparently runs queries to the database, gets the data from the main storage units, generates the graphs and produces dynamically generated web pages to interact with the user. The involvement of third parties for continuing the development in the Open Source philosophy and/or extending the application fields is now sought.

Carniel, Roberto; Di Cecca, Mauro; Jaquet, Olivier

2006-05-01

89

CloudDOE: A User-Friendly Tool for Deploying Hadoop Clouds and Analyzing High-Throughput Sequencing Data with MapReduce  

PubMed Central

Background Explosive growth of next-generation sequencing data has resulted in ultra-large-scale data sets and ensuing computational problems. Cloud computing provides an on-demand and scalable environment for large-scale data analysis. Using a MapReduce framework, data and workload can be distributed via a network to computers in the cloud to substantially reduce computational latency. Hadoop/MapReduce has been successfully adopted in bioinformatics for genome assembly, mapping reads to genomes, and finding single nucleotide polymorphisms. Major cloud providers offer Hadoop cloud services to their users. However, it remains technically challenging to deploy a Hadoop cloud for those who prefer to run MapReduce programs in a cluster without built-in Hadoop/MapReduce. Results We present CloudDOE, a platform-independent software package implemented in Java. CloudDOE encapsulates technical details behind a user-friendly graphical interface, thus liberating scientists from having to perform complicated operational procedures. Users are guided through the user interface to deploy a Hadoop cloud within in-house computing environments and to run applications specifically targeted for bioinformatics, including CloudBurst, CloudBrush, and CloudRS. One may also use CloudDOE on top of a public cloud. CloudDOE consists of three wizards, i.e., Deploy, Operate, and Extend wizards. Deploy wizard is designed to aid the system administrator to deploy a Hadoop cloud. It installs Java runtime environment version 1.6 and Hadoop version 0.20.203, and initiates the service automatically. Operate wizard allows the user to run a MapReduce application on the dashboard list. To extend the dashboard list, the administrator may install a new MapReduce application using Extend wizard. Conclusions CloudDOE is a user-friendly tool for deploying a Hadoop cloud. Its smart wizards substantially reduce the complexity and costs of deployment, execution, enhancement, and management. Interested users may collaborate to improve the source code of CloudDOE to further incorporate more MapReduce bioinformatics tools into CloudDOE and support next-generation big data open source tools, e.g., Hadoop BigTop and Spark. Availability: CloudDOE is distributed under Apache License 2.0 and is freely available at http://clouddoe.iis.sinica.edu.tw/. PMID:24897343

Chung, Wei-Chun; Chen, Chien-Chih; Ho, Jan-Ming; Lin, Chung-Yen; Hsu, Wen-Lian; Wang, Yu-Chun; Lee, D. T.; Lai, Feipei; Huang, Chih-Wei; Chang, Yu-Jung

2014-01-01

90

Development of a user-friendly system for image processing of electron microscopy by integrating a web browser and PIONE with Eos.  

PubMed

Eos (Extensible object-oriented system) is one of the powerful applications for image processing of electron micrographs. In usual cases, Eos works with only character user interfaces (CUI) under the operating systems (OS) such as OS-X or Linux, not user-friendly. Thus, users of Eos need to be expert at image processing of electron micrographs, and have a little knowledge of computer science, as well. However, all the persons who require Eos does not an expert for CUI. Thus we extended Eos to a web system independent of OS with graphical user interfaces (GUI) by integrating web browser.Advantage to use web browser is not only to extend Eos with GUI, but also extend Eos to work under distributed computational environment. Using Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) technology, we implemented more comfortable user-interface on web browser. Eos has more than 400 commands related to image processing for electron microscopy, and the usage of each command is different from each other. Since the beginning of development, Eos has managed their user-interface by using the interface definition file of "OptionControlFile" written in CSV (Comma-Separated Value) format, i.e., Each command has "OptionControlFile", which notes information for interface and its usage generation. Developed GUI system called "Zephyr" (Zone for Easy Processing of HYpermedia Resources) also accessed "OptionControlFIle" and produced a web user-interface automatically, because its mechanism is mature and convenient,The basic actions of client side system was implemented properly and can supply auto-generation of web-form, which has functions of execution, image preview, file-uploading to a web server. Thus the system can execute Eos commands with unique options for each commands, and process image analysis. There remain problems of image file format for visualization and workspace for analysis: The image file format information is useful to check whether the input/output file is correct and we also need to provide common workspace for analysis because the client is physically separated from a server. We solved the file format problem by extension of rules of OptionControlFile of Eos. Furthermore, to solve workspace problems, we have developed two type of system. The first system is to use only local environments. The user runs a web server provided by Eos, access to a web client through a web browser, and manipulate the local files with GUI on the web browser. The second system is employing PIONE (Process-rule for Input/Output Negotiation Environment), which is our developing platform that works under heterogenic distributed environment. The users can put their resources, such as microscopic images, text files and so on, into the server-side environment supported by PIONE, and so experts can write PIONE rule definition, which defines a workflow of image processing. PIONE run each image processing on suitable computers, following the defined rule. PIONE has the ability of interactive manipulation, and user is able to try a command with various setting values. In this situation, we contribute to auto-generation of GUI for a PIONE workflow.As advanced functions, we have developed a module to log user actions. The logs include information such as setting values in image processing, procedure of commands and so on. If we use the logs effectively, we can get a lot of advantages. For example, when an expert may discover some know-how of image processing, other users can also share logs including his know-hows and so we may obtain recommendation workflow of image analysis, if we analyze logs. To implement social platform of image processing for electron microscopists, we have developed system infrastructure, as well. PMID:25359837

Tsukamoto, Takafumi; Yasunaga, Takuo

2014-11-01

91

ADVISOR 2.1: a user-friendly advanced powertrain simulation using a combined backward\\/forward approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

ADVISOR 2.1 is the latest version of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's advanced vehicle simulator. It was first developed in 1994 to support the US Department of Energy hybrid propulsion system program and is designed to be accurate, fast, flexible, easily sharable, and easy to use. This paper presents the model, focusing on its combination of forward- and backward-facing simulation

Keith B. Wipke; Matthew R. Cuddy; Steven D. Burch

1999-01-01

92

DIPRA: A user-friendly program to model multi-element diffusion in olivine with applications to timescales of magmatic processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Abstract Modeling the diffusion of elements in olivine from volcanic rocks has recently become one of the most useful techniques to determine the timescales of the processes that occur in magma reservoirs before eruptions. However, many potential <span class="hlt">users</span> are not versed in the numerical methods needed to solve the diffusion equation for timescale determinations. Here we present DIPRA (Diffusion Process Analysis), a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> computer tool that models easily and intuitively the olivine chemical zoning by performing an automatic, visual, and quick fit to the natural profiles. The code is developed under a finite difference scheme and allows simultaneous modeling of diffusion of Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, and Ca. DIPRA accounts for most variables that affect the diffusivity, including temperature, pressure, oxygen fugacity, major element composition, and anisotropy. Initial and boundary conditions can be done as complex as desired, including changing boundary composition with time. Such versatility allows modeling the large variety of scenarios that are characteristic of volcanic systems. We also have implemented a methodology to estimate objectively the uncertainties of the timescales from the uncertainties of the data and temperature. We expect that our application will increase the number and quality of timescale determinations from crystal zoning studies. It may be also useful as a teaching resource for higher education courses.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Girona, TáRsilo; Costa, Fidel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">93</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr20101280"> <span id="translatedtitle">CO2calc: A <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Seawater Carbon Calculator for Windows, Mac OS X, and iOS (iPhone)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span>, stand-alone application for the calculation of carbonate system parameters was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey Florida Shelf Ecosystems Response to Climate Change Project in response to its Ocean Acidification Task. The application, by Mark Hansen and Lisa Robbins, USGS St. Petersburg, FL, Joanie Kleypas, NCAR, Boulder, CO, and Stephan Meylan, Jacobs Technology, St. Petersburg, FL, is intended as a follow-on to CO2SYS, originally developed by Lewis and Wallace (1998) and later modified for Microsoft Excel? by Denis Pierrot (Pierrot and others, 2006). Besides eliminating the need for using Microsoft Excel on the host system, CO2calc offers several improvements on CO2SYS, including: An improved graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface for data entry and results Additional calculations of air-sea CO2 fluxes (for surface water calculations) The ability to tag data with sample name, comments, date, time, and latitude/longitude The ability to use the system time and date and latitude/ longitude (automatic retrieval of latitude and longitude available on iPhone? 3, 3GS, 4, and Windows? hosts with an attached National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA)-enabled GPS) The ability to process multiple files in a batch processing mode An option to save sample information, data input, and calculated results as a comma-separated value (CSV) file for use with Microsoft Excel, ArcGIS,? or other applications An option to export points with geographic coordinates as a KMZ file for viewing and editing in Google EarthTM</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robbins, L.L.; Hansen, M.E.; Kleypas, J.A.; Meylan, S.C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">94</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eprints.ucl.ac.uk/16835/1/16835.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friend</span>Sensing: recommending <span class="hlt">friends</span> using mobile phones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Social-networking sites, such as Facebook, require members to manually find and confirm their <span class="hlt">friends</span>. Finding <span class="hlt">friends</span> is tedious for some and may be made less so by automating the process. We propose to do so by means of a framework that we call <span class="hlt">Friend</span>Sensing. Using short-range technologies (e.g., Bluetooth) on their mobile phones, social-networking <span class="hlt">users</span> \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Daniele Quercia; Licia Capra</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">95</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20512613"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development of a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> delivery method for the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae to control the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor in honey bee, Apis mellifera, colonies.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> method to deliver Metarhizium spores to honey bee colonies for control of Varroa mites was developed and tested. Patty blend formulations protected the fungal spores at brood nest temperatures and served as an improved delivery system of the fungus to bee hives. Field trials conducted in 2006 in Texas using freshly harvested spores indicated that patty blend formulations of 10 g of conidia per hive (applied twice) significantly reduced the numbers of mites per adult bee, mites in sealed brood cells, and residual mites at the end of the 47-day experimental period. Colony development in terms of adult bee populations and brood production also improved. Field trials conducted in 2007 in Florida using less virulent spores produced mixed results. Patty blends of 10 g of conidia per hive (applied twice) were less successful in significantly reducing the number of mites per adult bee. However, hive survivorship and colony strength were improved, and the numbers of residual mites were significantly reduced at the end of the 42-day experimental period. The overall results from 2003 to 2008 field trials indicated that it was critical to have fungal spores with good germination, pathogenicity and virulence. We determined that fungal spores (1 × 10(10) viable spores per gram) with 98% germination and high pathogenicity (95% mite mortality at day 7) provided successful control of mite populations in established honey bee colonies at 10 g of conidia per hive (applied twice). Overall, microbial control of Varroa mite with M. anisopliae is feasible and could be a useful component of an integrated pest management program. PMID:20512613</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kanga, Lambert H B; Adamczyk, John; Patt, Joseph; Gracia, Carlos; Cascino, John</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">96</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2401330"> <span id="translatedtitle">CrossSearch, a <span class="hlt">User-friendly</span> Search Engine for Detecting Chemically Cross-linked Peptides in Conjugated Proteins*S?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Chemical cross-linking and high resolution MS have been integrated successfully to capture protein interactions and provide low resolution structural data for proteins that are refractive to analyses by NMR or crystallography. Despite the versatility of these combined techniques, the array of products that is generated from the cross-linking and proteolytic digestion of proteins is immense and generally requires the use of labeling strategies and/or data base search algorithms to distinguish actual cross-linked peptides from the many side products of cross-linking. Most strategies reported to date have focused on the analysis of small cross-linked protein complexes (<60 kDa) because the number of potential forms of covalently modified peptides increases dramatically with the number of peptides generated from the digestion of such complexes. We report herein the development of a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> search engine, CrossSearch, that provides the foundation for an overarching strategy to detect cross-linked peptides from the digests of large (?170-kDa) cross-linked proteins, i.e. conjugates. Our strategy combines the use of a low excess of cross-linker, data base searching, and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance MS to experimentally minimize and theoretically cull the side products of cross-linking. Using this strategy, the (????)4 phosphorylase kinase model complex was cross-linked to form with high specificity a 170-kDa ?? conjugate in which we identified residues involved in the intramolecular cross-linking of the 125-kDa ? subunit between its regulatory N terminus and its C terminus. This finding provides an explanation for previously published homodimeric two-hybrid interactions of the ? subunit and suggests a dynamic structural role for the regulatory N terminus of that subunit. The results offer proof of concept for the CrossSearch strategy for analyzing conjugates and are the first to reveal a tertiary structural element of either homologous ? or ? regulatory subunit of phosphorylase kinase. PMID:18281724</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nadeau, Owen W.; Wyckoff, Gerald J.; Paschall, Justin E.; Artigues, Antonio; Sage, Jessica; Villar, Maria T.; Carlson, Gerald M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">97</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..14.8350E"> <span id="translatedtitle">Siberian Earth System Science Cluster - A web-based Geoportal to provide <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> Earth Observation Products for supporting NEESPI scientists</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">To provide earth observation products in the area of Siberia, the Siberian Earth System Science Cluster (SIB-ESS-C) was established as a spatial data infrastructure at the University of Jena (Germany), Department for Earth Observation. This spatial data infrastructure implements standards published by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and the International Organizsation for Standardization (ISO) for data discovery, data access, data processing and data analysis. The objective of SIB-ESS-C is to faciliate environmental research and Earth system science in Siberia. The region for this project covers the entire Asian part of the Russian Federation approximately between 58°E - 170°W and 48°N - 80°N. To provide discovery, access and analysis services a webportal was published for searching and visualisation of available data. This webportal is based on current web technologies like AJAX, Drupal Content Management System as backend software and a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> surface with Drag-n-Drop and further mouse events. To have a wide range of regular updated earth observation products, some products from sensor MODIS at the satellites Aqua and Terra were processed. A direct connection to NASA archive servers makes it possible to download MODIS Level 3 and 4 products and integrate it in the SIB-ESS-C infrastructure. These data can be downloaded in a file format called Hierarchical Data Format (HDF). For visualisation and further analysis, this data is reprojected, converted to GeoTIFF and global products clipped to the project area. All these steps are implemented as an automatic process chain. If new MODIS data is available within the infrastructure this process chain is executed. With the link to a MODIS catalogue system, the system gets new data daily. With the implemented analysis processes, timeseries data can be analysed, for example to plot a trend or different time series against one another. Scientists working in this area and working with MODIS data can make use of this service over the webportal. Both searching manually the NASA archive for MODIS data, processing these data automatically and then download it for further processing and using the regular updated products.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eberle, J.; Gerlach, R.; Hese, S.; Schmullius, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">98</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008Nanot..19H5606L"> <span id="translatedtitle">An efficient and <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> method for the synthesis of hexagonal-phase NaYF4:Yb, Er/Tm nanocrystals with controllable shape and upconversion fluorescence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Hexagonal-phase NaYF4:Yb, Er/Tm nanocrystals are the best IR-to-visible upconverting materials to date, but <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> methods for making pure hexagonal-phase NaYF4:Yb, Er/Tm nanocrystals with upconversion fluorescence are still lacking. Most of the methods reported so far require excess fluoride reactants in a high-temperature reaction which are very unfriendly to <span class="hlt">users</span> and raise safety concerns. In this work, an efficient and <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> method was developed for the synthesis of uniform hexagonal-phase NaYF4:Yb, Er/Tm nanocrystals with upconversion fluorescence, by forming small solid-state crystal nuclei and further growth and ripening of the nuclei. NaYF4:Yb, Er/Tm nanoplates, nanospheres and nanoellipses were also selectively produced by varying the concentration of the surfactant. All the nanocrystals showed strong upconversion fluorescence, and fluorescence from the nanoplates was observed even when the laser power density was reduced to about 50 mW cm-2. These nanocrystals have great potential for use in biology and medicine as fluorescent labels or imaging probes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Li, Zhengquan; Zhang, Yong</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">99</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://onguardonline.gov/media/game-0003-friend-finder"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friend</span> Finder</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Friend</span> Finder (Game) Email Embed Grab this Game <Embed>: <object width='640' height='480'><param name='movie' value='http://www.onguardonline.gov/flash/socialnetworking_loader.swf'></param><param name='wmode' value=' ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">100</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/962661"> <span id="translatedtitle">Franklin: <span class="hlt">User</span> Experiences</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The newest workhorse of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center is a Cray XT4 with 9,736 dual core nodes. This paper summarizes Franklin <span class="hlt">user</span> experiences from <span class="hlt">friendly</span> early <span class="hlt">user</span> period to production period. Selected successful <span class="hlt">user</span> stories along with top issues affecting <span class="hlt">user</span> experiences are presented.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">National Energy Research Supercomputing Center; He, Yun (Helen); Kramer, William T.C.; Carter, Jonathan; Cardo, Nicholas</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-05-07</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">101</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22245546"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dynamo: a flexible, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> development tool for subtomogram averaging of cryo-EM data in high-performance computing environments.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Dynamo is a new software package for subtomogram averaging of cryo Electron Tomography (cryo-ET) data with three main goals: first, Dynamo allows <span class="hlt">user</span>-transparent adaptation to a variety of high-performance computing platforms such as GPUs or CPU clusters. Second, Dynamo implements <span class="hlt">user</span>-friendliness through GUI interfaces and scripting resources. Third, Dynamo offers <span class="hlt">user</span>-flexibility through a plugin API. Besides the alignment and averaging procedures, Dynamo includes native tools for visualization and analysis of results and data, as well as support for third party visualization software, such as Chimera UCSF or EMAN2. As a demonstration of these functionalities, we studied bacterial flagellar motors and showed automatically detected classes with absent and present C-rings. Subtomogram averaging is a common task in current cryo-ET pipelines, which requires extensive computational resources and follows a well-established workflow. However, due to the data diversity, many existing packages offer slight variations of the same algorithm to improve results. One of the main purposes behind Dynamo is to provide explicit tools to allow the <span class="hlt">user</span> the insertion of custom designed procedures - or plugins - to replace or complement the native algorithms in the different steps of the processing pipeline for subtomogram averaging without the burden of handling parallelization. Custom scripts that implement new approaches devised by the <span class="hlt">user</span> are integrated into the Dynamo data management system, so that they can be controlled by the GUI or the scripting capacities. Dynamo executables do not require licenses for third party commercial software. Sources, executables and documentation are freely distributed on http://www.dynamo-em.org. PMID:22245546</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Castaño-Díez, Daniel; Kudryashev, Mikhail; Arheit, Marcel; Stahlberg, Henning</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">102</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1859590"> <span id="translatedtitle">Buddy tracking - efficient proximity detection among mobile <span class="hlt">friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Abstract: Global positioning systems (GPS) and mobile phone networks are making it possible to track individual <span class="hlt">users</span> with an increasing accuracy. It is natural to ask whether this information can be used to maintain social networks. In such a network each <span class="hlt">user</span> wishes to be informed whenever one of a list of other <span class="hlt">users</span>, called the <span class="hlt">user’s</span> <span class="hlt">friends</span>, appears in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alon Efrat; Arnon Amir; J. Myllymaki; L. Palaniappan; K. Wampler</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">103</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JPhCS.502a2005O"> <span id="translatedtitle">An automated HAXPES measurement system with <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> GUI for R4000-10 keV at BL46XU in SPring-8</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have developed a noble HAXPES measurement system, where the controls for sample manipulation and VG Scienta R4000 work together. The main part of the system is developed by spec. R4000 is controlled by sending commands from spec to the TCP server programed by LabVIEW with SESWrapper library. The command line interface of spec is wrapped by a graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface (GUI) which can be easily operated by <span class="hlt">users</span>. The sample can be aligned in the intuitive way by clicking the position to be measured on the sample image. Fine alignment can be done by scanning the sample position to maximize the count rate of photoelectrons. After setting measurement positions and conditions on the GUI, the automatic measurements through the multiple measurement positions can be performed in this system.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Oji, H.; Matsumoto, T.; Cui, Y.-T.; Son, J.-Y.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">104</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4782575"> <span id="translatedtitle">Buddy tracking - efficient proximity detection among mobile <span class="hlt">friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Global positioning systems (GPS) and mobile phone networks are making it possible to track individual <span class="hlt">users</span> with an increasing accuracy. It is natural to ask whether this information can be used to maintain social networks. In such a network each <span class="hlt">user</span> wishes to be informed whenever one of a list of other <span class="hlt">users</span>, called the <span class="hlt">user</span>'s <span class="hlt">friends</span>, appears in the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Arnon Amir; Alon Efrat; Jussi Myllymaki; Lingeshwaran Palaniappan; Kevin Wampler</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">105</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.friendsoftrees.org/home/index.php"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Trees</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Based in Portland, Oregon, the <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Trees organization is dedicated to restoring urban forests around the country, with a particular emphasis on the Portland metropolitan area. As their Web site notes, "Trees are an essential part of the urban ecosystem. They help keep our water and air clean, prevent erosion, provide wildlife habitat, and make neighborhoods greener, more beautiful places to live." On the site, visitors can read about their ongoing planting activities and browse the newsletter they publish three times a year. For most visitors, the most helpful area of the site will be the Tree Resources section. Here, <span class="hlt">users</span> can look through a fact sheet on the benefits of trees in urban environments, the care and maintenance of trees, and a large tree database.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">106</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.S13C1440V"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Puerto Rico Seismic Network Broadcast System: A <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> GUI to broadcast earthquake messages, to generate shakemaps and to update catalogues</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Puerto Rico Seismic Network (PRSN) has historically provided locations and magnitudes for earthquakes in the Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (PRVI) region. PRSN is the reporting authority for the region bounded by latitudes 17.0N to 20.0N, and longitudes 63.5W to 69.0W. The main objective of the PRSN is to record, process, analyze, provide information and research local, regional and teleseismic earthquakes, providing high quality data and information to be able to respond to the needs of the emergency management, academic and research communities, and the general public. The PRSN runs Earthworm software (Johnson et al, 1995) to acquire and write waveforms to disk for permanent archival. Automatic locations and alerts are generated for events in Puerto Rico, the Intra America Seas, and the Atlantic by the EarlyBird system (Whitmore and Sokolowski, 2002), which monitors PRSN stations as well as some 40 additional stations run by networks operating in North, Central and South America and other sites in the Caribbean. PRDANIS (Puerto Rico Data Analysis and Information System) software, developed by PRSN, supports manual locations and analyst review of automatic locations of events within the PRSN area of responsibility (AOR), using all the broadband, strong-motion and short-period waveforms Rapidly available information regarding the geographic distribution of ground shaking in relation to the population and infrastructure at risk can assist emergency response communities in efficient and optimized allocation of resources following a large earthquake. The ShakeMap system developed by the USGS provides near real-time maps of instrumental ground motions and shaking intensity and has proven effective in rapid assessment of the extent of shaking and potential damage after significant earthquakes (Wald, 2004). In Northern and Southern California, the Pacific Northwest, and the states of Utah and Nevada, ShakeMaps are used for emergency planning and response, loss estimation, and communication of earthquake information to the public. We develop a tool to help the PRSN personnel on duty with the generation of ShakeMaps for the felt events in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Automatic or reviewed locations came from different sources and the <span class="hlt">user</span> can select the method to broadcast the message using several ways like direct email trough service lists, a server/client tool to push messages to a remote display client, generate shakemap web pages and update the catalogues.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Velez, J.; Huerfano, V.; von Hillebrandt, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">107</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/910423"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span>-centered security</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We introduce the term <span class="hlt">user</span>-centered security to refer to security models, mechanisms, systems, and software that have usability as a primary motivation or goal. We discuss the history of usable secure systems, citing both past problems and present studies. We develop three categories for work in <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> security: applying usability testing and tech- niques to secure systems, developing security models</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mary Ellen Zurko; Richard T. Simon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">108</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=social+AND+networking+AND+facebook&pg=5&id=EJ865992"> <span id="translatedtitle">Students' Facebook "<span class="hlt">Friends</span>": Public and Private Spheres</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of "<span class="hlt">friends</span>". This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student <span class="hlt">users</span> of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as Facebook…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">West, Anne; Lewis, Jane; Currie, Peter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">109</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22607454"> <span id="translatedtitle">New grower-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> methods for plant pathogen monitoring.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> plant disease diagnoses and rapid detection and identification of plant pathogens are of utmost importance for controlling plant diseases and mitigating the economic losses they incur. Technological advances have increasingly simplified the tools available for the identification of pathogens to the extent that, in some cases, this can be done directly by growers and producers themselves. Commercially available immunoprinting kits and lateral flow devices (LFDs) for detection of selected plant pathogens are among the first tools of what can be considered grower-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> pathogen monitoring methods. Research efforts, spurned on by point-of-care needs in the medical field, are paving the way for the further development of on-the-spot diagnostics and multiplex technologies in plant pathology. Grower-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> methods need to be practical, robust, readily available, and cost-effective. Such methods are not restricted to on-the-spot testing but extend to laboratory services, which are sometimes more practicable for growers, extension agents, regulators, and other <span class="hlt">users</span> of diagnostic tests. PMID:22607454</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">De Boer, Solke H; López, María M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">110</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1028570"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cyber <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Fire</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cyber <span class="hlt">friendly</span> fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission effectiveness of <span class="hlt">friendly</span> or neutral forces. Just as with combat <span class="hlt">friendly</span> fire, a fundamental need in avoiding cyber FF is to maintain situation awareness (SA). We suggest that cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system (and that populate the nodes), the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive (and offensive) countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. A training implication is to raise awareness and understanding of these critical knowledge units; an approach to decision aids and/or visualizations is to focus on supporting these critical knowledge units. To study cyber FF, we developed an unclassified security test range comprising a combination of virtual and physical devices that present a closed network for testing, simulation, and evaluation. This network offers services found on a production network without the associated costs of a real production network. Containing enough detail to appear realistic, this virtual and physical environment can be customized to represent different configurations. For our purposes, the test range was configured to appear as an Internet-connected Managed Service Provider (MSP) offering specialized web applications to the general public. The network is essentially divided into a production component that hosts the web and network services, and a <span class="hlt">user</span> component that hosts thirty employee workstations and other end devices. The organization's network is separated from the Internet by a Cisco ASA network security device that both firewalls and detects intrusions. Business sensitive information is stored in various servers. This includes data comprising thousands of internal documents, such as finance and technical designs, email messages for the organization's employees including the CEO, CFO, and CIO, the organization's source code, and Personally Identifiable client data. Release of any of this information to unauthorized parties would have a significant, detrimental impact on the organization's reputation, which would harm earnings. The valuable information stored in these servers pose obvious points of interest for an adversary. We constructed several scenarios around this environment to support studies in cyber SA and cyber FF that may be run in the test range. We describe mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches. Finally, we discuss possible future research directions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">111</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59234043"> <span id="translatedtitle">True <span class="hlt">Friends</span>, True Selves</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">What is it to be or to have a true <span class="hlt">friend</span>? Views on this question within the history of philosophy appear to differ. Aristotle suggests that friendship of the best kind, arguably that which best approximates the notion of true friendship, is a relationship in which <span class="hlt">friends</span> love one another for their own sakes and regard one another as second</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sandra Lynch</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">112</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=precipitate&pg=7&id=EJ013360"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Object</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">If buildings and cities are made as <span class="hlt">friendly</span> objects, they will invite and precipitate participation. They will stimulate our creative powers, which are the basis of growth in all our activities. (CK)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Prangnell, Peter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1969-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">113</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://americanhospice.org/working-through-grief/helping-your-bereaved-friend/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Helping Your Bereaved <span class="hlt">Friend</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... book, watching a favorite TV program, enjoying a quiet bath or listening to some of your favorite music. Take care of yourself. Your <span class="hlt">friend</span> will need you for a long time. Avoid Vacuous Platitudes People sometimes worry that they ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">114</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.sowsoft.com/search-engines.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Monitor 1.2</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">With many computer <span class="hlt">users</span> developing their own Web sites, some of them may be interested in monitoring how search engines may be ranking their site. This latest edition of <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Monitor may prove useful, as it allows individuals to find the position of their Web site in search engines like Altavista and Google. Additionally, <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Monitor can generate advanced statistics and monitor plugins, along with providing a flexible interface system. This version of <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Monitor is compatible with all systems running Windows 95 and higher.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">115</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cahnrs.wsu.edu/alumni/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2010/08/2010-connections.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">CAHNRS Alumni & <span class="hlt">Friends</span> website</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">#12;CAHNRS Alumni & <span class="hlt">Friends</span> website: cahnrsalumni.wsu.edu contents Cover: WSU's Butch T. Cougar Wsu at uCLa 9 Wsu vs. oregon, pullman, Homecoming 16 Wsu vs. arizona, pullman, Dad's Weekend 23 Wsu at stanford 30 Wsu at arizona state November 6 Wsu vs. California, pullman, armed Forces Day 13 Wsu at oregon</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Collins, Gary S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">116</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=net+AND+promoter+AND+score&id=EJ987254"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recommend to a <span class="hlt">Friend</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">New York's Cornell University spends millions of dollars and thousands of staff and volunteer hours to produce more than 1,400 events around the world each year. That's one event every six hours. Is it worth it? Do the 40,000 alumni, parents, and <span class="hlt">friends</span> who attend feel closer to Cornell after these events? Do they disengage because Cornell didn't…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cunningham, Jennifer Lynham</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">117</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60704589"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cyber <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Fire</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cyber <span class="hlt">friendly</span> fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Frank L. Greitzer; Thomas E. Carroll; Adam D. Roberts</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">118</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm?seq_no_115=179300"> <span id="translatedtitle">ENVIRONMENTALLY <span class="hlt">FRIENDLY</span> BIOBASED LUBRICANTS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ars.usda.gov/services/TekTran.htm">Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The search for environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> materials that have the potential to substitute for mineral oil in various industrial applications is currently being considered a top priority research topic in the fuel and energy sector. This emphasis is largely due to the rapid depletion of world fossil f...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">119</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://abovetheinfluence.com/how-to-help/"> <span id="translatedtitle">How to Help a <span class="hlt">Friend</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... For Yourself For a <span class="hlt">Friend</span> For Depression Resources How to Help a <span class="hlt">Friend</span> It’s never easy to tell ... single year. Here you can find information on how to recognize a problem and some suggestions on how ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">120</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21288075"> <span id="translatedtitle">The closer the relationship, the more the interaction on facebook? Investigating the case of Taiwan <span class="hlt">users</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study argues for the necessity of applying offline contexts to social networking site research and the importance of distinguishing the relationship types of <span class="hlt">users</span>' counterparts when studying Facebook <span class="hlt">users</span>' behaviors. In an attempt to examine the relationship among <span class="hlt">users</span>' behaviors, their counterparts' relationship types, and the <span class="hlt">users</span>' perceived acquaintanceships after using Facebook, this study first investigated <span class="hlt">users</span>' frequently used tools when interacting with different types of <span class="hlt">friends</span>. <span class="hlt">Users</span> tended to use less time- and effort-consuming and less privacy-concerned tools with newly acquired <span class="hlt">friends</span>. This study further examined <span class="hlt">users</span>' behaviors in terms of their closeness and intimacy and their perceived acquaintanceships toward four different types of <span class="hlt">friends</span>. The study found that <span class="hlt">users</span> gained more perceived acquaintanceships from less close <span class="hlt">friends</span> with whom <span class="hlt">users</span> have more frequent interaction but less intimate behaviors. As for closer <span class="hlt">friends</span>, <span class="hlt">users</span> tended to use more intimate activities to interact with them. However, these activities did not necessarily occur more frequently than the activities they employed with their less close <span class="hlt">friends</span>. It was found that perceived acquaintanceships with closer <span class="hlt">friends</span> were significantly lower than those with less close <span class="hlt">friends</span>. This implies that Facebook is a mechanism for new <span class="hlt">friends</span>, rather than close <span class="hlt">friends</span>, to become more acquainted. PMID:21288075</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hsu, Chiung-Wen Julia; Wang, Ching-Chan; Tai, Yi-Ting</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">121</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/229373"> <span id="translatedtitle">Environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> polysilane photoresists</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several novel polysilanes synthesized by the free-radical hydrosilation of oligomeric polyphenylsilane or poly(p-tert- butylphenylsilane) were examined for lithographic behavior. This recently developed route into substituted polysilanes has allowed for the rational design of a variety of polysilanes with a typical chemical properties such as alcohol and aqueous base solubility. Many of the polysilane resists made could be developed in aqueous sodium carbonate and bicarbonate solutions. These materials represent environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> polysilane resists in both their synthesis and processing.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Beach, J.V.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hsiao, Yu-Ling; Waymouth, R.M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-12-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">122</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19960015565&hterms=cramer&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Dcramer"> <span id="translatedtitle">TIA Software <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual describes the installation and operation of TIA, the Thermal-Imaging acquisition and processing Application, developed by the Nondestructive Evaluation Sciences Branch at NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. TIA is a <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> graphical interface application for the Macintosh 2 and higher series computers. The software has been developed to interface with the Perceptics/Westinghouse Pixelpipe(TM) and PixelStore(TM) NuBus cards and the GW Instruments MacADIOS(TM) input-output (I/O) card for the Macintosh for imaging thermal data. The software is also capable of performing generic image-processing functions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cramer, K. Elliott; Syed, Hazari I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">123</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24576246"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dementia-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> neighbourhoods.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Six research projects that will improve understanding of dementia are to receive £20 million in funding from the UK government. The projects, which will be overseen by the National Institute for Health Research and the Economic and Social Research Council, include investigations into creating dementia-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> neighbourhoods; the lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of developing the condition; training care home staff to support patients who become agitated; improving predictions of the future financial costs of dementia; living well with the condition; and the effects of visual aids on wellbeing and quality of life. PMID:24576246</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Duffin, Christian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">124</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.irc.atr.jp/~kanda/pdf/kanda-iros2004.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friendly</span> social robot that understands human's <span class="hlt">friendly</span> relationships</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">, a robot system can estimate a human's subjective evaluation of the robot by observing his/her body-attention mechanism [7]. In these systems, the robots identify humans' intentions from their behaviors. Furthermore<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> social robot that understands human's <span class="hlt">friendly</span> relationships Takayuki Kanda 1 , Rumi Sato</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kanda, Takayuki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">125</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=sex+AND+emotional+AND+difference&pg=5&id=EJ816839"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friends</span> with Benefits: Women Want "<span class="hlt">Friends</span>", Men Want "Benefits"</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">One-hundred-and-seventy undergraduates at a large southeastern university completed a confidential anonymous 23 item questionnaire designed to assess the prevalence, attitudes, and sex differences of involvement in a "<span class="hlt">friends</span> with benefits" (FWB) relationship (non romantic <span class="hlt">friends</span> who also have a sexual relationship). Almost sixty percent of both…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McGinty, Kristen; Knox, David; Zusman, Marty E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">126</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cerfacs.fr/globc/publication/technicalreport/2003/oasis3_UserGuide.ps.gz"> <span id="translatedtitle">Report Series ``OASIS3 <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Guide''</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">) or the greenhouse gas global warming effect. OASIS3 synchronizes the exchanges of coupling fields between the models Declat, Laurent Terray #12; . #12; OASIS3 Ocean Atmosphere Sea Ice Soil <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Guide August 2003 Sophie and <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> tool for cou­ pling independent general circulation models of the atmosphere</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">127</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Aristotle&pg=5&id=EJ815813"> <span id="translatedtitle">Understanding Friendship between Critical <span class="hlt">Friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This conceptual article discusses the issue of friendship implied by the term "critical <span class="hlt">friends</span>". Our argument relates to the generalized use of the term "friendship" and the assumptions that it may carry compared with the actuality of the roles played by critical <span class="hlt">friends</span>. We attempt to build a more precise definition of friendship which we…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gibbs, Paul; Angelides, Panayiotis</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">128</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/44691715"> <span id="translatedtitle">Understanding friendship between critical <span class="hlt">friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This conceptual article discusses the issue of friendship implied by the term `critical <span class="hlt">friends</span>'. Our argument relates to the generalized use of the term `friendship' and the assumptions that it may carry compared with the actuality of the roles played by critical <span class="hlt">friends</span>. We attempt to build a more precise definition of friendship which we believe can clarify what critical</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paul Gibbs; Panayiotis Angelides</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">129</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Quakers&pg=5&id=EJ255043"> <span id="translatedtitle">Your <span class="hlt">Friends</span> the Quaker Schools.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Council on Education is a coordinating organization that provides oversight, special services, and inspiration to 68 <span class="hlt">Friends</span> schools in the United States and Canada. The functions of the Council and the educational and philosophical goals of Quaker schools are discussed. (MLF)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Johnson, Eric W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">130</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009svc..book...19F"> <span id="translatedtitle">Advanced Environment <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Nanotechnologies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The economic, security, military and environmental implications of molecular manufacturing are extreme. Unfortunately, conflicting definitions of nanotechnology and blurry distinctions between significantly different fields have complicated the effort to understand those differences and to develop sensible, effective policy for each. The risks of today's nanoscale technologies cannot be treated the same as the risks of longer-term molecular manufacturing. It is a mistake to put them together in one basket for policy consideration — each is important to address, but they offer different problems and will require far different solutions. As used today, the term nanotechnology usually refers to a broad collection of mostly disconnected fields. Essentially, anything sufficiently small and interesting can be called nanotechnology. Much of it is harmless. For the rest, much of the harm is of familiar and limited quality. Molecular manufacturing, by contrast, will bring unfamiliar risks and new classes of problems. The advanced environment <span class="hlt">friendly</span> nanotechnologies elaborated by Israel Company Polymate Ltd. — International Research Center are illustrated.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Figovsky, O.; Beilin, D.; Blank, N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">131</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pbs.org/program/closer-to-truth/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microbes: <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This Web site contains the online companion to an episode of the PBS series, Closer to the Truth, which "brings together leading scientists, scholars and artists to debate latest discoveries and their impact on the human condition." Microbes -- <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe? offers a thought-provoking look at the role of microbes and the importance of "maintaining a microbial balance of power" on the planet. Visitors may download a transcript or view video clips of the episode, or delve deeper into the topic through online interviews with the program's panel of experts. The site also provides a useful glossary of key terms as defined by the episode's guest speakers -- some terms come with a video clip.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">132</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://fom.library.cornell.edu/"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Friend</span> of Man</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">There are many ways to understand the anti-slavery movements in the United States during the 19th century, and newspapers are but one of the key primary document types used by historians. Cornell University is fortunate enough to have a near complete run of the "<span class="hlt">Friend</span> of Man" newspaper, which was published between 1836 and 1842. This very intriguing title allows curious visitors to learn about a group of people in central New York interested in "changing America" during this unique period. The paper documents the "regional interconnectedness of reform" throughout the region, with a focus on cities such as Utica, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany and New York City. Visitors to the site can browse through the various issues at their leisure and they can also perform a full-text search.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">133</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1123254"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pedestrian <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Outdoor Lighting</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This GATEWAY report discusses the problems of pedestrian lighting that occur with all technologies with a focus on the unique optical options and opportunities offered by LEDs through the findings from two pedestrian-focused projects, one at Stanford University in California, and one at the Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. Incorporating <span class="hlt">user</span> feedback this report reviews the tradeoffs that must be weighed among visual comfort, color, visibility, efficacy and other factors to stimulate discussion among specifiers, <span class="hlt">users</span>, energy specialists, and in industry in hopes that new approaches, metrics, and standards can be developed to support pedestrian-focused communities, while reducing energy use.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Miller, Naomi J.; Koltai, Rita; McGowan, Terry</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">134</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=family+AND+life&id=EJ954439"> <span id="translatedtitle">Web-Based Family Life Education: Spotlight on <span class="hlt">User</span> Experience</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Family Life Education (FLE) websites can benefit from the field of <span class="hlt">user</span> experience, which makes technology easy to use. A heuristic evaluation of five FLE sites was performed using Neilson's heuristics, guidelines for making sites <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span>. Greater site complexity resulted in more potential <span class="hlt">user</span> problems. Sites most frequently had problems…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Doty, Jennifer; Doty, Matthew; Dwrokin, Jodi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">135</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009APS..4CF.D1032P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Field <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Tuberculosis Biosensor</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Tuberculosis (TB) is a fading threat in the United States, but in the developing world it is still a major health-care concern. Given the rising number of cases and lack of resources, there is a desperate need for an affordable, portable detection system. We are working towards the development of a field-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> immunological biosensor that utilizes florescence microscopy to undertake this task. We observe fluorescently labeled antibodies/antigens as they bind to a glass slide treated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in order to inhibit non-specific adsorption. Antibodies against the antigens of interest are bound to the PEGylated glass slides via biotin-streptavidin interactions. Then, fluorescently labeled antibodies are mixed with different concentrations of TB antigens and this solution is incubated on the treated glass slides for 30 minutes. The slides are thoroughly rinsed with water following the incubation period. The antigens are then detected by fluorescence using a low-cost biosensor. Our system includes a ``supermarket-scanner'' HeNe laser, home-built electronics, off-the-shelf optics and a Si photodiode. Work is underway to incorporate a flow-cell into the system, in a small portable box.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Proper, N.; Scherman, M. S.; Jevsevar, K. L.; Stone, J.; McNeil, M. R.; Krapf, D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">136</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cdsweb.cern.ch/record/966737"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friendly</span> units for coldness</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Measures of temperature that center around human experience get lots of use. Of course thermal physics insights of the last century have shown that reciprocal temperature (1/kT) has applications that temperature addresses less well. In addition to taking on negative absolute values under population inversion (e.g. of magnetic spins), bits and bytes turn 1/kT into an informatic measure of the thermal ambient for developing correlations within any complex system. We show here that, in the human-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> units of bytes and food Calories, water freezes when 1/kT ~200 ZB/Cal or kT ~5 Cal/YB. Casting familiar benchmarks into these terms shows that habitable human space requires coldness values (part of the time, at least) between 0 and 40 ZB/Cal with respect body temperature ~100 degrees F, a range in kT of ~1 Cal/YB. Insight into these physical quantities underlying thermal equilibration may prove useful for budding scientists, as well as the general public, in years ahead.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fraundorf, P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">137</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20549448"> <span id="translatedtitle">Environmental <span class="hlt">friendly</span> nitrogen fertilization.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">With the huge intensification of agriculture and the increasing awareness to human health and natural resources sustainability, there was a shift towards the development of environmental <span class="hlt">friendly</span> N application approaches that support sustainable use of land and sustain food production. The effectiveness of such approaches depends on their ability to synchronize plant nitrogen demand with its supply and the ability to apply favored compositions and dosages of N-species. They are also influenced by farming scale and its sophistication, and include the following key concepts: (i) Improved application modes such as split or localized ("depot") application; (ii) use of bio-amendments like nitrification and urease inhibitors and combinations of (i) and (ii); (iii) use of controlled and slow release fertilizers; (iv) Fertigation-fertilization via irrigation systems including fully automated and controlled systems; and (v) precision fertilization in large scale farming systems. The paper describes the approaches and their action mechanisms and examines their agronomic and environmental significance. The relevance of the approaches for different farming scales, levels of agronomic intensification and agro-technical sophistication is examined as well. PMID:20549448</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shaviv, Avi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">138</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16512215"> <span id="translatedtitle">Environmental <span class="hlt">friendly</span> nitrogen fertilization.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">With the huge intensification of agriculture and the increasing awareness to human health and natural resources sustainability, there was a shift towards the development of environmental <span class="hlt">friendly</span> N application approaches that support sustainable use of land and sustain food production. The effectiveness of such approaches depends on their ability to synchronize plant nitrogen demand with its supply and the ability to apply favored compositions and dosages of N-species. They are also influenced by farming scale and its sophistication, and include the following key concepts: (i) Improved application modes such as split or localized ("depot") application; (ii) use of bio-amendments like nitrification and urease inhibitors and combinations of (i) and (ii); (iii) use of controlled and slow release fertilizers; (iv) Fertigation-fertilization via irrigation systems including fully automated and controlled systems; and (v) precision fertilization in large scale farming systems. The paper describes the approaches and their action mechanisms and examines their agronomic and environmental significance. The relevance of the approaches for different farming scales, levels of agronomic intensification and agro-technical sophistication is examined as well. PMID:16512215</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shaviv, Avi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">139</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://repository.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/91141"> <span id="translatedtitle">Energy Efficient, Environmentally <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Refrigerants</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes a new family of safe, environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span>, high performance substitute refrigerants for application in manufacturing and facilities operations. Due to the Montreal Protocol and subsequent environmental regulations, CFC...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; Dhooge, P. M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">140</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.uic.edu/cba/lgsb/docs/BIZ_current.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Magazine for Alumni & <span class="hlt">Friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Entrepreneurship pg 14 #12;The Magazine for Alumni & <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the College of Business Administration involvement creates your network. The economy is changing, the world is changing. Business is changing. Here . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Dominic Blank Exploring American Entrepreneurship</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Illinois at Chicago, University of</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' 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showDiv("page_9");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">141</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://seattleweb.intel-research.net/people/lamarca/pubs/ubicomp.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> GSM Indoor Localization</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> indoor localization has long been an objective of the ubiquitous computing research community, and numerous indoor lo- calization solutions based on 802.11, Bluetooth, ultrasound and infrared technologies have been proposed. This paper presents the first <span class="hlt">accurate</span> GSM indoor localization system that achieves median accuracy of 5 me- ters in large multi-floor buildings. The key idea that makes <span class="hlt">accurate</span> GSM-based</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Veljo Otsason; Alex Varshavsky; Anthony Lamarca; Eyal De Lara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">142</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED067899.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Oriented Product Evaluation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">While the educational product development field has expanded tremendously over the last 15 years, there is a paucity of conveniently assembled and readily interpretable information that would enable <span class="hlt">users</span> to make <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and informed evaluations of different, but comparable, instructional products. Minimum types of validation data which should be…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alkin, Marvin C.; Wingard, Joseph</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">143</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011CG.....37..775L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tougher: A <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> graphical interface for TOUGHREACT</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">TOUGHREACT is a powerful simulator for multiphase fluid, heat, and chemical transport, but has a steep learning curve and the creation of the input files is time intensive, particularly for heterogeneous and complex geometries such as those in mining rock pile formations. TOUGHER is an application developed by the acid rock drainage research group of the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Utah in order to develop TOUGHREACT models rapidly for two-dimensional problems and to be able to visualize the simulation results in an intuitive way. It also reduces errors when creating complex layered 2D models and makes debugging easier. The software is currently limited to 2D rectangular grids with constant spatial sizes. The application is written in C++ and can be used on any computer with a Windows or Linux operating system. This paper will describe the overall structure of the application and give some examples of how it interfaces with the TOUGHREACT program. In particular, it will be shown how the application can generate a grid system for a rock pile containing several distinct geological layers, how the properties of each layer are set, and how the input sections (ELEM and CONNE) for TOUGHREACT are generated automatically. In addition, visualizing the flow and chemical output files generated by TOUGHREACT for a particular rock pile will be demonstrated. This includes transient vector as well as transient scalar data. At the end of the paper, two case studies, one with a simplified geometry and another with more complex layered rock geometry, will be presented.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Li, You; Niewiadomski, Marcin; Trujillo, Edward; Sunkavalli, Surya Prakash</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">144</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cs.ucr.edu/%7Emart/preprints/ccr03.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> self-similarity analysis tool</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The concepts of self-similarity, fractals, and long-range dependence (LRD) have revolutionized network modeling during the last decade. However, despite all the attention these concepts have received, they remain difficult to use by non-experts. This difficulty can be attributed to a relative complexity of the mathematical basis, the absence of a systematic approach to their application and the absence of publicly</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas Karagiannis; Michalis Faloutsos; Mart Molle</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">145</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://bioinformatics.psb.ugent.be/pdf/publications/20053712.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bioinformatics CORNET: A <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Tool for Data Mining</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">using ontology terms and the incorporation of personal microarray data are distinctive features, in microarray experiments, diverse tissues from wild- type plants as well as mutant or transgenic plants.g. sampled tissue, time point, treatment) are stored in an unstructured manner, which complicates data</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gent, Universiteit</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">146</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=61487"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">USER</span> <span class="hlt">FRIENDLY</span> MODELS FOR EVALUATING HYDROGEOLOGIC BARRIERS TO VIRUSES</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Impending regulations in U.S. EPA's forthcoming Ground Water Rule (Federal Register, 2000) will require public water systems (PWS) to more closely monitor their groundwater systems for contamination by pathogens. As part of this process, State resource managers will assess the se...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">147</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2002/nsf02057/start.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">The 2002 <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Handbook for Project Evaluation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.nsf.gov/publications/ods/">NSF Publications Database</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For more information about file formats used on the NSF site, please see http://www.nsf.gov/home/pubinfo/plugins.htm. @media print { BODY {font-size: 12pt; line-height: 120%; background: white;} } Website Policies and Links | Privacy | FOIA | Help | Contact NSF | Contact Web Master | SiteMap The National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, Virginia 22230, USA Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749 Last Updated: 01/28/05 Text Only</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">148</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Nucleic+AND+acids&pg=6&id=EJ417223"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Method for Teaching Restriction Enzyme Mapping.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Presented is a teaching progression that enhances learning through low-cost, manipulative transparencies. Discussed is instruction about restriction enzymes, plasmids, cutting plasmids, plasmid maps, recording data, and mapping restriction sites. Mapping wheels for student use is included. (CW)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ehrman, Patrick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">149</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/13989466"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards an <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Ontology Design Methodology</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Ontologies are a basic building block for enterprise interoperability services. As of today ontologies are created by highly specialized ontology engineers. In order to utilize the full knowledge available in modern organizations new approaches to ontology creation are necessary to bridge the \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nikolai Dahlem; Jianfeng Guo; Axel Hahn; Matthias Reinelt</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">150</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=monkey&pg=7&id=EJ797511"> <span id="translatedtitle">10 Web Tools to Create <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Sites</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Surprisingly, many tools exist on the web that can help sites become more inviting and easier to use. By now, many are probably familiar with the free tools offered by Flickr, del.icio.us, or YouTube for embedding images, tags, and videos on webpages. This article presents a comprehensive list of some perhaps lesser-known but equally useful tools…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pretlow, Cassi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">151</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.dcs.shef.ac.uk/intranet/research/resmes/CS0510.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Ontology Authoring Using a Controlled Language</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">of controlled natural languages for knowledge representa- tion. The application interface is based on common . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2 GATE Wiki . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2.1 Wiki design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 5.3.3 How to use CLIE through GATE . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 5.3.4 Design</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bontcheva, Kalina</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">152</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3163565"> <span id="translatedtitle">RSEM: <span class="hlt">accurate</span> transcript quantification from RNA-Seq data with or without a reference genome</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background RNA-Seq is revolutionizing the way transcript abundances are measured. A key challenge in transcript quantification from RNA-Seq data is the handling of reads that map to multiple genes or isoforms. This issue is particularly important for quantification with de novo transcriptome assemblies in the absence of sequenced genomes, as it is difficult to determine which transcripts are isoforms of the same gene. A second significant issue is the design of RNA-Seq experiments, in terms of the number of reads, read length, and whether reads come from one or both ends of cDNA fragments. Results We present RSEM, an <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> software package for quantifying gene and isoform abundances from single-end or paired-end RNA-Seq data. RSEM outputs abundance estimates, 95% credibility intervals, and visualization files and can also simulate RNA-Seq data. In contrast to other existing tools, the software does not require a reference genome. Thus, in combination with a de novo transcriptome assembler, RSEM enables <span class="hlt">accurate</span> transcript quantification for species without sequenced genomes. On simulated and real data sets, RSEM has superior or comparable performance to quantification methods that rely on a reference genome. Taking advantage of RSEM's ability to effectively use ambiguously-mapping reads, we show that <span class="hlt">accurate</span> gene-level abundance estimates are best obtained with large numbers of short single-end reads. On the other hand, estimates of the relative frequencies of isoforms within single genes may be improved through the use of paired-end reads, depending on the number of possible splice forms for each gene. Conclusions RSEM is an <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> software tool for quantifying transcript abundances from RNA-Seq data. As it does not rely on the existence of a reference genome, it is particularly useful for quantification with de novo transcriptome assemblies. In addition, RSEM has enabled valuable guidance for cost-efficient design of quantification experiments with RNA-Seq, which is currently relatively expensive. PMID:21816040</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">153</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008epsc.conf..785H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Jupiter - <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It has long been believed that the planet Jupiter has played a beneficial role in the development of life on the Earth, acting as a shield from objects which would otherwise go on to significantly raise the impact flux experienced by our planet. Without Jupiter, the story goes, the Earth would have experienced a far greater number of impacts, making it far less hospitable to burgeoning life. In an on-going series of separate studies[1,2], we have examined the effects of varying the mass of Jupiter on the impact flux that the Earth would experience from Near-Earth Objects sourced from the Asteroid belt, short-period comets sourced from the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, and long-period comets sourced from the Oort cloud. The results are remarkable - it seems that, far from being a shield, Jupiter actually acts to increase the impact flux experienced by the Earth over that which would be expected without the planet. Still more surprising, in the cases of the asteroids and Edgeworth-Kuiper belt objects, it seems that a Jupiter around 0.2 times the mass of "our Jupiter" would be even more threatening, sending a still greater number of objects our way. In order to simulate such disparate populations, different approaches to population construction were needed. The asteroidal and short-period comet populations each contained 100,000 test particles, moving on orbits typical of their class. The asteroids were initially distributed between 2 and 4 AU, with orbits of varying eccentricity and inclination, with number density varying as a function of semi-major axis. The short-period cometary flux was obtained through simulation of a population based on the subset of known Centaurs and Scattered Disk Objects which are Neptune-crossing, and have perihelia beyond the orbit of Uranus. These objects are the parents of the short-period comets, and were chosen since they are a population beyond the current influence of the planet Jupiter. Since our goal was to study the effect of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux at the Earth from the two populations, we followed our 100,000 particle populations for 10 million years, under the influence of the giant planets. Each particle was followed until it either hit something, or was ejected from the system. In this manner, we were able to follow the flux of objects onto the Earth as a function of time. The simulations were repeated over a wide range of Jupiter masses, with all other variables being held constant, allowing us to observe the variations in impact flux as a function of Jovian mass. In the cases of the asteroids and the short-period comets, Jupiter was observed to significantly modify the impact flux which would be experienced by the planet Earth. It was immediately obvious, however, that the old idea that Jupiter shields us from impacts no longer holds. For both of these populations, the lowest impact rates were experienced when the Jupiter-like planet in the system had the lowest mass, rose rapidly to a peak flux at around 0.2 Jupiter masses, before falling away more slowly. Therefore, for the asteroids and short-period comets, it seems that our Jupiter does offer some shielding, when compared to the case where the planet has a mass of around 0.2 MJ, but, compared to the scenario where no Jupiter is present at all (or the Jupiter in question has very low mass), Jupiter actually acts to increase the Earth-bound flux. Simulations are currently underway with the goal of analysing the effects of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux from the long-period comets (deflected inward towards the Earth from the Oort cloud). Further into the future, we intend to study the effects of Jovian position of the impact flux, with the goal of answering, once and for all, the question - "Jupiter - <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe?".</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Horner, J.; Jones, B. W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">154</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.feinberg.northwestern.edu/research/docs/accr/S%20Perry_Informed%20Consent_Friend%20or%20Foe_03May.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Informed Consent: <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Informed Consent: <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe? Sean M. Perry, JD, Senior Contract and Grant Officer Office) Perspectives on Consent · The Evolving Consent · The Future of Informed Consent · Questions #12;AMC be charged with ensuring informed consent document subject injury terms are consistent with terms of the CTA</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Contractor, Anis</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">155</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://summer.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/ISF%20187_Syllabus_0.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Printer <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Version Course Information</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">, methods, and real-world example for examining management and organizational theory and practice. CoursePrinter <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Version Course Information Course Number ISF 187 Course Name Experiential Learning on the Support link, in the "START HERE: Course Information and Support" folder on the Modules page for details</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Militzer, Burkhard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">156</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Shells&pg=7&id=EJ762382"> <span id="translatedtitle">Free Our <span class="hlt">Friends</span> in Learning</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Many secrets can be told by the physical surroundings of library media centers. Whether the center is kid-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> is one of the first obvious tell-tale signs. When a library center has Arthur & D.W., Clifford, Pooh & Eeyore, shells, special rocks, etc. hidden by the circulation center or in the back in boxes, it's time to revolt. The movie Free…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stidham, Sue</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">157</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/friends/talking_about_suicide.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">My <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Is Talking about Suicide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... The Flu Vaccine My <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Is Talking About Suicide. What Should I Do? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > <span class="hlt">Friends</span> > ... You Can Do After Suicide Warning Signs of Suicide Everyone feels sad, depressed, or angry sometimes — especially ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">158</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/summer06/articles/summer06insidecover.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of Medicine</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Current Issue Past Issues <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of ... Paul G. Rogers Chairman, <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of Medicine and former member of the U.S. ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">159</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50737321"> <span id="translatedtitle">A survey of <span class="hlt">user</span>-centered design practice in China</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper is the first time to report the results of a recent survey of <span class="hlt">user</span>-centered design (UCD) practice in China, conducted in 2007. The survey involved over four hundred respondents who were at the <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> conference or attended other UCD related activities. The survey identified, e.g. practitioners' demographics and experience, the type of organization, the usage frequency of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ronggang Zhou; Shengshan Huang; Xiangang Qin; Jason Huang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">160</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3961348"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Guitar Tuning by Cochlear Implant Musicians</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Modern cochlear implant (CI) <span class="hlt">users</span> understand speech but find difficulty in music appreciation due to poor pitch perception. Still, some deaf musicians continue to perform with their CI. Here we show unexpected results that CI musicians can reliably tune a guitar by CI alone and, under controlled conditions, match simultaneously presented tones to <0.5 Hz. One subject had normal contralateral hearing and produced more <span class="hlt">accurate</span> tuning with CI than his normal ear. To understand these counterintuitive findings, we presented tones sequentially and found that tuning error was larger at ?30 Hz for both subjects. A third subject, a non-musician CI <span class="hlt">user</span> with normal contralateral hearing, showed similar trends in performance between CI and normal hearing ears but with less precision. This difference, along with electric analysis, showed that <span class="hlt">accurate</span> tuning was achieved by listening to beats rather than discriminating pitch, effectively turning a spectral task into a temporal discrimination task. PMID:24651081</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lu, Thomas; Huang, Juan; Zeng, Fan-Gang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a 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onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">161</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24651081"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> guitar tuning by cochlear implant musicians.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Modern cochlear implant (CI) <span class="hlt">users</span> understand speech but find difficulty in music appreciation due to poor pitch perception. Still, some deaf musicians continue to perform with their CI. Here we show unexpected results that CI musicians can reliably tune a guitar by CI alone and, under controlled conditions, match simultaneously presented tones to <0.5 Hz. One subject had normal contralateral hearing and produced more <span class="hlt">accurate</span> tuning with CI than his normal ear. To understand these counterintuitive findings, we presented tones sequentially and found that tuning error was larger at ? 30 Hz for both subjects. A third subject, a non-musician CI <span class="hlt">user</span> with normal contralateral hearing, showed similar trends in performance between CI and normal hearing ears but with less precision. This difference, along with electric analysis, showed that <span class="hlt">accurate</span> tuning was achieved by listening to beats rather than discriminating pitch, effectively turning a spectral task into a temporal discrimination task. PMID:24651081</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lu, Thomas; Huang, Juan; Zeng, Fan-Gang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">162</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=natural+AND+section&pg=2&id=EJ926762"> <span id="translatedtitle">Grading More <span class="hlt">Accurately</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Grades matter. College grading systems, however, are often ad hoc and prone to mistakes. This essay focuses on one factor that contributes to high-quality grading systems: grading accuracy (or "efficiency"). I proceed in several steps. First, I discuss the elements of "efficient" (i.e., <span class="hlt">accurate</span>) grading. Next, I present analytical results…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rom, Mark Carl</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">163</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ds729"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fatality estimator <span class="hlt">user’s</span> guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This publication is the <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Guide for software developed to estimate wildlife fatalities at wind-power facilities, although the software is applicable to a variety of circumstances in which the objective is to estimate the size of a superpopulation and the probability of detection of the individuals is less than one. Simple counts of carcasses do not <span class="hlt">accurately</span> reflect fatality and do not allow comparison among locations because carcasses may be detected at different rates. This software uses data collected during carcass searches and knowledge of detection rates to <span class="hlt">accurately</span> estimate the number of fatalities and to provide a measure of precision associated with the estimate. These estimates are fundamental to understanding acute and cumulative effects of wind power on wildlife populations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Huso, Manuela M.; Som, Nicholas; Ladd, Lew</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">164</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu/acl2003/main/pdfs/Klein.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Unlexicalized Parsing</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more <span class="hlt">accurately</span> than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its performance of 86.36% (LP\\/LR F PCFG models, and surprisingly close to the current state-of-the-art. This result has potential uses beyond establishing a strong</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dan Klein; Christopher D. Manning</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">165</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19970009636&hterms=OPEC+Simulation&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3DOPEC%2BSimulation"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Finite Difference Algorithms</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Two families of finite difference algorithms for computational aeroacoustics are presented and compared. All of the algorithms are single step explicit methods, they have the same order of accuracy in both space and time, with examples up to eleventh order, and they have multidimensional extensions. One of the algorithm families has spectral like high resolution. Propagation with high order and high resolution algorithms can produce <span class="hlt">accurate</span> results after O(10(exp 6)) periods of propagation with eight grid points per wavelength.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Goodrich, John W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">166</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.huduser.org/"> <span id="translatedtitle">HUD <span class="hlt">USER</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">HUD <span class="hlt">USER</span> has also updated and expanded its website in late 1997, it offered a detailed guide to HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research and a customization feature that automatically displays information on housing topics of interest to the <span class="hlt">user</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">167</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=social+AND+networking+AND+facebook&pg=5&id=EJ941194"> <span id="translatedtitle">"<span class="hlt">Friending</span> Facebook?" A Minicourse on the Use of Social Media by Health Professionals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Introduction: Health professionals are working in an era of social technologies that empower <span class="hlt">users</span> to generate content in real time. This article describes a 3-part continuing education minicourse called "<span class="hlt">Friending</span> Facebook?" undertaken at Penn State Hershey Medical Center that aimed to model the functionality of current technologies in health…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">George, Daniel R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">168</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19920000903&hterms=cramer&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dcramer"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Antennas</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The following subject areas are covered: (1) impact of frequency change of <span class="hlt">user</span> and spacecraft antenna gain and size; (2) basic personal terminal antennas (impact of 20/30 GHz frequency separation; parametric studies - gain, size, weight; gain and figure of merit (G/T); design data for selected antenna concepts; critical technologies and development goals; and recommendations); and (3) <span class="hlt">user</span> antenna radiation safety concerns.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jamnejad, Vahraz; Cramer, Paul</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">169</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19900019364&hterms=Evolution+charles+darwin&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3DEvolution%2Bcharles%2Bdarwin"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> quantum chemical calculations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An important goal of quantum chemical calculations is to provide an understanding of chemical bonding and molecular electronic structure. A second goal, the prediction of energy differences to chemical accuracy, has been much harder to attain. First, the computational resources required to achieve such accuracy are very large, and second, it is not straightforward to demonstrate that an apparently <span class="hlt">accurate</span> result, in terms of agreement with experiment, does not result from a cancellation of errors. Recent advances in electronic structure methodology, coupled with the power of vector supercomputers, have made it possible to solve a number of electronic structure problems exactly using the full configuration interaction (FCI) method within a subspace of the complete Hilbert space. These exact results can be used to benchmark approximate techniques that are applicable to a wider range of chemical and physical problems. The methodology of many-electron quantum chemistry is reviewed. Methods are considered in detail for performing FCI calculations. The application of FCI methods to several three-electron problems in molecular physics are discussed. A number of benchmark applications of FCI wave functions are described. Atomic basis sets and the development of improved methods for handling very large basis sets are discussed: these are then applied to a number of chemical and spectroscopic problems; to transition metals; and to problems involving potential energy surfaces. Although the experiences described give considerable grounds for optimism about the general ability to perform <span class="hlt">accurate</span> calculations, there are several problems that have proved less tractable, at least with current computer resources, and these and possible solutions are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R.; Taylor, Peter R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">170</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10154038"> <span id="translatedtitle">ETPRE <span class="hlt">User`s</span> Manual Version 3.00</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ETPRE is a preprocessor for the Event Progression Analysis Code EVNTRE. It reads an input file of event definitions and writes the lengthy EVNTRE code input files. ETPRE`s advantage is that it eliminates the error-prone task of manually creating or revising these files since their formats are quite elaborate. The <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> format of ETPRE differs from the EVNTRE code format in that questions, branch references, and other event tree components are defined symbolically instead of numerically. When ETPRE is executed, these symbols are converted to their numeric equivalents and written to the output files using formats defined in the EVNTRE Reference Manual. Revisions to event tree models are simplified by allowing the <span class="hlt">user</span> to edit the symbolic format and rerun the preprocessor, since questions, branch references, and other symbols are automatically resequenced to their new values with each execution. ETPRE and EVNTRE have both been incorporated into the SETAC event tree analysis package.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Roginski, R.J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">171</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25361971"> <span id="translatedtitle">Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span>: a human RNA-seq-based gene and transcript co-expression database.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Co-expression networks have proven effective at assigning putative functions to genes based on the functional annotation of their co-expressed partners, in candidate gene prioritization studies and in improving our understanding of regulatory networks. The growing number of genome resequencing efforts and genome-wide association studies often identify loci containing novel genes and there is a need to infer their functions and interaction partners. To facilitate this we have expanded Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span>, an online database that allows <span class="hlt">users</span> to identify co-expressed genes with one or more <span class="hlt">user</span>-defined genes. This expansion entails an RNA-seq-based co-expression map that includes genes and transcripts that are not present in the microarray-based co-expression maps, including over 10 000 non-coding RNAs. The results <span class="hlt">users</span> obtain from Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span> include a co-expression network as well as a summary of the functional enrichment among the co-expressed genes. Novel insights can be gathered from this database for different splice variants and ncRNAs, such as microRNAs and lincRNAs. Furthermore, our updated tool allows candidate transcripts to be linked to diseases and processes using a guilt-by-association approach. Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span> is freely available from http://www.Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span>.org and can be used to quickly identify and rank candidate targets relevant to the process or disease under study. PMID:25361971</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">van Dam, Sipko; Craig, Thomas; de Magalhães, João Pedro</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-28</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">172</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20875969"> <span id="translatedtitle">Enhanced assessment of the wound-healing process by <span class="hlt">accurate</span> multiview tissue classification.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">With the widespread use of digital cameras, freehand wound imaging has become common practice in clinical settings. There is however still a demand for a practical tool for <span class="hlt">accurate</span> wound healing assessment, combining dimensional measurements and tissue classification in a single <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> system. We achieved the first part of this objective by computing a 3-D model for wound measurements using uncalibrated vision techniques. We focus here on tissue classification from color and texture region descriptors computed after unsupervised segmentation. Due to perspective distortions, uncontrolled lighting conditions and view points, wound assessments vary significantly between patient examinations. The main contribution of this paper is to overcome this drawback with a multiview strategy for tissue classification, relying on a 3-D model onto which tissue labels are mapped and classification results merged. The experimental classification tests demonstrate that enhanced repeatability and robustness are obtained and that metric assessment is achieved through real area and volume measurements and wound outline extraction. This innovative tool is intended for use not only in therapeutic follow-up in hospitals but also for telemedicine purposes and clinical research, where repeatability and accuracy of wound assessment are critical. PMID:20875969</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wannous, Hazem; Lucas, Yves; Treuillet, Sylvie</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">173</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930003118&hterms=microsoft+windows+rt&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dmicrosoft%2Bwindows%2Brt"> <span id="translatedtitle">Micromechanical combined stress analysis: MICSTRAN, a <span class="hlt">user</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Composite materials are currently being used in aerospace and other applications. The ability to tailor the composite properties by the appropriate selection of its constituents, the fiber and matrix, is a major advantage of composite materials. The Micromechanical Combined Stress Analysis (MICSTRAN) code provides the materials engineer with a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> personal computer (PC) based tool to calculate overall composite properties given the constituent fiber and matrix properties. To assess the ability of the composite to carry structural loads, the materials engineer also needs to calculate the internal stresses in the composite material. MICSTRAN is a simple tool to calculate such internal stresses with a composite ply under combined thermomechanical loading. It assumes that the fibers have a circular cross-section and are arranged either in a repeating square or diamond array pattern within a ply. It uses a classical elasticity solution technique that has been demonstrated to calculate <span class="hlt">accurate</span> stress results. Input to the program consists of transversely isotropic fiber properties and isotropic matrix properties such as moduli, Poisson's ratios, coefficients of thermal expansion, and volume fraction. Output consists of overall thermoelastic constants and stresses. Stresses can be computed under the combined action of thermal, transverse, longitudinal, transverse shear, and longitudinal shear loadings. Stress output can be requested along the fiber-matrix interface, the model boundaries, circular arcs, or at <span class="hlt">user</span>-specified points located anywhere in the model. The MICSTRAN program is Windows compatible and takes advantage of the Microsoft Windows graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface which facilitates multitasking and extends memory access far beyond the limits imposed by the DOS operating system.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Naik, R. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">174</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://th-www.if.uj.edu.pl/~sitarz/Sitarz_Zakopane-1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">friendly</span> introduction to Noncommutative Geometry</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">||, Theorem (Gelfand-Naimark (GNS)) Every abstract C-algebra A is isometrically -isomorphic to a concrete C), a A, XA, is an isometric -isomorphism. Andrzej Sitarz (JU) A <span class="hlt">friendly</span> introduction to NCG Zakopane(a) = ||µ(a)||. Exercise: Why there exist (a) = for (a) ? Andrzej Sitarz (JU) A <span class="hlt">friendly</span> introduction</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sitarz, Andrzej</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">175</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mahesh&pg=3&id=EJ280742"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Basis for <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Dyadic Interpersonal Relationships.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Hypothesized that stability of a <span class="hlt">friendly</span> dyadic interpersonal relationship varies with similarity of perceived views of problems of lasting concern. Students (N=76) at the Indian Institute of Technology completed a three-part questionnaire about <span class="hlt">friendly</span> relationships, Individual Problem Blank, and Problem Checklist. Results supported the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gupta, Mahesh</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">176</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24620491"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dementia-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> design resource.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although estimates suggest that, on average, some 30 per cent of all patients in general acute medical wards may have some form of dementia, Stirling University's Dementia Services Development Centre (DSDC), one of the leading international knowledge centres working to improve the lives of dementia sufferers, says progress in designing healthcare facilities that address such patients' needs has been 'patchy at best'. With the number of individuals living with dementia expected to double in the next 25 years, the DSDC has recently worked with Edinburgh-based architects, Burnett Pollock Associates, to develop an online resource that clearly illustrates, via 15 simulated 'dementia-<span class="hlt">friendly</span>' healthcare 'spaces', some of the key principles to consider when designing effectively for this fast-growing group. HEJ editor, Jonathan Baillie, attended the launch of the so-called 'Virtual Hospital'. PMID:24620491</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Baillie, Jonathan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">177</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3776200"> <span id="translatedtitle">Good Agreements Make Good <span class="hlt">Friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">When starting a new collaborative endeavor, it pays to establish upfront how strongly your partner commits to the common goal and what compensation can be expected in case the collaboration is violated. Diverse examples in biological and social contexts have demonstrated the pervasiveness of making prior agreements on posterior compensations, suggesting that this behavior could have been shaped by natural selection. Here, we analyze the evolutionary relevance of such a commitment strategy and relate it to the costly punishment strategy, where no prior agreements are made. We show that when the cost of arranging a commitment deal lies within certain limits, substantial levels of cooperation can be achieved. Moreover, these levels are higher than that achieved by simple costly punishment, especially when one insists on sharing the arrangement cost. Not only do we show that good agreements make good <span class="hlt">friends</span>, agreements based on shared costs result in even better outcomes. PMID:24045873</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Han, The Anh; Pereira, Luís Moniz; Santos, Francisco C.; Lenaerts, Tom</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">178</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ajrcmb.atsjournals.org/cgi/reprint/23/6/705.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span>'s Perspective</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This review provides an overview of bioinformatics from the <span class="hlt">user</span>'s point of view. Bioinformatics, defined as the application of computers, databases, and computational methods to the management of biologic information, is essential for almost every aspect of data management in modern biology. The rapid accumulation of genomic sequence information together with the wide availability of new technologies that analyze global</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sam Silverman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">179</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10191010"> <span id="translatedtitle">QMRPACK <span class="hlt">user`s</span> guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">QMRPACK is a library of FORTRAN 77 subroutines that may be used to solve linear systems of equations with the quasi-minimal residual (QMR) method and to compute eigenvalue approximations. This <span class="hlt">User`s</span> Guide is designed to be an overview of the codes contained in QMRPACK. Installation information is provided, and the example matrix format is discussed. The relative merits of each algorithm, as well as usage criterion are described. The authors also provide instructions for making the test drivers, as well as test output from several machines.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Freund, R.W. [AT& T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ (United States); Nachtigal, N.M.; Reeb, J.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">180</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4311636"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">FRIEND</span> Engine Framework: a real time neurofeedback client-server system for neuroimaging studies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this methods article, we present a new implementation of a recently reported FSL-integrated neurofeedback tool, the standalone version of “Functional Real-time Interactive Endogenous Neuromodulation and Decoding” (<span class="hlt">FRIEND</span>). We will refer to this new implementation as the <span class="hlt">FRIEND</span> Engine Framework. The framework comprises a client-server cross-platform solution for real time fMRI and fMRI/EEG neurofeedback studies, enabling flexible customization or integration of graphical interfaces, devices, and data processing. This implementation allows a fast setup of novel plug-ins and frontends, which can be shared with the <span class="hlt">user</span> community at large. The <span class="hlt">FRIEND</span> Engine Framework is freely distributed for non-commercial, research purposes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Basilio, Rodrigo; Garrido, Griselda J.; Sato, João R.; Hoefle, Sebastian; Melo, Bruno R. P.; Pamplona, Fabricio A.; Zahn, Roland; Moll, Jorge</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> 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approaches, reaction precursors and conditions to manufacture metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for a vast variety of purposes....</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">182</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_149181.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Is Milk Your <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Is Milk Your <span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe? Instead of reduction in ... Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking lots of milk could be bad for your health, a new ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">183</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24617366"> <span id="translatedtitle">Trust tops gay-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> award list.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, which provides mental health, sexual health and addiction services, has been named the top performing gay-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> healthcare organisation in England by equality charity Stonewall this week. PMID:24617366</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">184</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24479528"> <span id="translatedtitle">The more <span class="hlt">friends</span>, the less political talk? Predictors of Facebook discussions among college students.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although previous research has indicated that Facebook <span class="hlt">users</span>, especially young adults, can cultivate their civic values by talking about public matters with their Facebook <span class="hlt">friends</span>, little research has examined the predictors of political discussion on Facebook. Using survey data from 442 college students in the United States, this study finds that individual characteristics and network size influence college students' expressive behavior on Facebook related to two controversial topics: gay rights issues and politics. In line with previous studies about offline political discussion, the results show that conflict avoidance and ambivalence about target issues are negatively associated with Facebook discussions. Perhaps the most interesting finding is that <span class="hlt">users</span> who have a large number of Facebook <span class="hlt">friends</span> are less likely to talk about politics and gay rights issues on Facebook despite having access to increasing human and information resources. Theoretical implications of these findings and future directions are addressed. PMID:24479528</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jang, S Mo; Lee, Hoon; Park, Yong Jin</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">185</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cosmos.hwr.arizona.edu/Docs/walker12-hires-soil-moisture-mapping.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">1 INTRODUCTION <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> knowledge of spatial and temporal varia-</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">on the order of 50km. Such sensors include the European Space Agency (ESA) Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity1 INTRODUCTION <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> knowledge of spatial and temporal varia- tion in soil moisture at high being by far the largest water <span class="hlt">user</span> in Australia, even moderate water savings of 10% in that sector</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zreda, Marek</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">186</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/87/23/01/PDF/ida2013_hal.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Visual Features for Automatic Tag Correction in Videos</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Visual Features for Automatic Tag Correction in Videos Hoang-Tung Tran, Elisa Fromont-Etienne, Fr Abstract. We present a new system for video auto tagging which aims at correcting the tags provided by <span class="hlt">users</span> for videos uploaded on the In- ternet. Unlike most existing systems, in our proposal, we</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paris-Sud XI, Université de</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">187</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.imm.dtu.dk/pubdb/views/edoc_download.php/6276/pdf/imm6276.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cycle-<span class="hlt">accurate</span> Benchmarking of JavaScript Programs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cycle-<span class="hlt">accurate</span> Benchmarking of JavaScript Programs Anders Handler Kongens Lyngby 2012 IMM-MSC-2012;Abstract JavaScript is the language for building web applications. To meet the demand for a good <span class="hlt">user</span> experience, when using todays fast growing web applica- tions, JavaScript engines needs to be highly</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">188</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1240996"> <span id="translatedtitle">CACOPS: A General Purpose Cycle-<span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Configurable Power Simulator</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a cycle-<span class="hlt">accurate</span> and configurable simulator that estimates the power consumed by an embedded system. The simulator accepts as input a structural system architecture description, at a level of abstraction that can be configured by the <span class="hlt">user</span>. The simulator has been used to study the power dissipation of different micro-architectures of a Java microcontroller while executing several applications.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Antonio C. S. Beck Filho; Júlio C. B. de Mattos; Flávio Rech Wagner; Luigi Carro</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">189</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/56930725"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards more <span class="hlt">accurate</span> retrieval of duplicate bug reports</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a bug tracking system, different testers or <span class="hlt">users</span> may submit multiple reports on the same bugs, referred to as duplicates, which may cost extra maintenance efforts in triaging and fixing bugs. In order to identify such duplicates <span class="hlt">accurately</span>, in this paper we propose a retrieval function (REP) to measure the similarity between two bug reports. It fully utilizes the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chengnian Sun; David Lo; Siau-Cheng Khoo; Jing Jiang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">190</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1096506"> <span id="translatedtitle">GADRAS-DRF <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software-Detector Response Function (GADRAS-DRF) application computes the response of gamma-ray detectors to incoming radiation. This manual provides step-by-step procedures to acquaint new <span class="hlt">users</span> with the use of the application. The capabilities include characterization of detector response parameters, plotting and viewing measured and computed spectra, and analyzing spectra to identify isotopes or to estimate flux profiles. GADRAS-DRF can compute and provide detector responses quickly and <span class="hlt">accurately</span>, giving researchers and other <span class="hlt">users</span> the ability to obtain usable results in a timely manner (a matter of seconds or minutes).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Theisen, Lisa Anne; Mitchell, Dean James; Thoreson, Gregory G.; Harding, Lee T.; Horne, Steve; Bradley, Jon David; Eldridge, Bryce Duncan; Amai, Wendy A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">191</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36916719"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friends</span>’ Influence on Adolescents’ Academic Achievement Motivation: An Experimental Study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">To examine the influence of <span class="hlt">friends</span> on adolescents’ motivation to achieve in school, each of 118 eighth graders was paired with a close <span class="hlt">friend</span>. The pairs of <span class="hlt">friends</span> were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control condition. In the experimental condition, the <span class="hlt">friends</span> discussed dilemmas that required them to decide between 2 actions reflecting different levels of achievement</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas J. Berndt; Ann E. Laychak</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">192</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=AIDS&pg=4&id=EJ964095"> <span id="translatedtitle">How to Make Financial Aid "Freshman-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span>"</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Ultimately, making financial aid "freshman <span class="hlt">friendly</span>" also makes financial aid "sophomore <span class="hlt">friendly</span>," "junior <span class="hlt">friendly</span>," and "senior <span class="hlt">friendly</span>." Indiana University has in place an Office of Enrollment Management (OEM) model that includes focused financial aid packaging strategies complemented by unique contact services and communication interventions…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pugh, Susan L.; Johnson, David B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">193</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1050921"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identification of <span class="hlt">User</span> Facility Related Publications</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Scientific <span class="hlt">user</span> facilities provide physical resources and technical support that enable scientists to conduct experiments or simulations pertinent to their respective research. One metric for evaluating the scientific value or impact of a facility is the number of publications by <span class="hlt">users</span> as a direct result of using that facility. Unfortunately, for a variety of reasons, capturing <span class="hlt">accurate</span> values for this metric proves time consuming and error-prone. This work describes a new approach that leverages automated browser technology combined with text analytics to reduce the time and error involved in identifying publications related to <span class="hlt">user</span> facilities. With this approach, scientific <span class="hlt">user</span> facilities gain more <span class="hlt">accurate</span> measures of their impact as well as insight into policy revisions for <span class="hlt">user</span> access.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Patton, Robert M [ORNL] [ORNL; Stahl, Christopher G [ORNL] [ORNL; Potok, Thomas E [ORNL] [ORNL; Wells, Jack C [ORNL] [ORNL</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">194</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4433610"> <span id="translatedtitle">Throughput Analysis of TCP-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Rate Control in Mobile Hotspots</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">By integrating wireless wide area networks (WWANs) and wireless local area networks (WLANs), mobile hotspot technologies enable seamless Internet multimedia services to <span class="hlt">users</span> on-board a vehicle. In this paper, we investigate the performance of TCP-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Rate Control (TFRC) protocol supporting multimedia services in mobile hotspots. To quantify the throughput of TFRC flows in mobile hotspots, we first develop discrete-time queuing</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sangheon Pack; Xuemin Shen; Jon W. Mark; Lin Cai</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">195</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=124878"> <span id="translatedtitle">GEOSTATISTICS FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT: A <span class="hlt">USER</span>'S MANUAL FOR THE GEOPACK (VERSION 1.0) GEOSTATISTICAL SOFTWARE SYSTEM</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">GEOPACK, a comprehensive <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> geostatistical software system, was developed to help in the analysis of spatially correlated data. The software system was developed to be used by scientists, engineers, regulators, etc., with little experience in geostatistical techniques...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">196</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://heim.ifi.uio.no/~steinkri/Papers/isoneworld.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">What do <span class="hlt">users</span> think of mobile payment? Steinar Kristoffersen Anders Synstad Kristian Srli</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">; the role of billing and safe and <span class="hlt">user</span>- <span class="hlt">friendly</span> payment is central in the argument about which new services alternative billing or payment systems, because these alternatives in themselves are not perceived as veryWhat do <span class="hlt">users</span> think of mobile payment? Steinar Kristoffersen Anders Synstad Kristian Sørli</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sahay, Sundeep</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">197</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ982977.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Influence of Learning Styles on Graphical <span class="hlt">User</span> Interface Preferences for e-Learners</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Implementing Web-based educational environment requires not only developing appropriate architectures, but also incorporating human factors considerations. <span class="hlt">User</span> interface becomes the major channel to convey information in e-learning context: a well-designed and <span class="hlt">friendly</span> enough interface is thus the key element in helping <span class="hlt">users</span> to get the best…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dedic, Velimir; Markovic, Suzana</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">198</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=testing&pg=4&id=EJ996907"> <span id="translatedtitle">Usability Testing, <span class="hlt">User</span>-Centered Design, and LibGuides Subject Guides: A Case Study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Usability testing has become a routine way for many libraries to ensure that their Web presence is <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> and accessible. At the same time, popular subject guide creation systems, such as LibGuides, decentralize Web content creation and put authorship into the hands of librarians who may not be trained in <span class="hlt">user</span>-centered design principles. At…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sonsteby, Alec; DeJonghe, Jennifer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">199</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=norm&pg=7&id=EJ1011670"> <span id="translatedtitle">Gender Norms and Institutional Culture: The Family-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> versus the Father-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> University</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article investigates the role that gender norms and expectations about parenting play in establishing the family-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> versus the father-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> university. Using interviews with 51 male faculty at three research universities, the article considers how faculty and administrators' actions perpetuate cultures that promote or hinder…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sallee, Margaret W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">200</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/12068"> <span id="translatedtitle">Elemental ABAREX -- a <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ELEMENTAL ABAREX is an extended version of the spherical optical-statistical model code ABAREX, designed for the interpretation of neutron interactions with elemental targets consisting of up to ten isotopes. The contributions from each of the isotopes of the element are explicitly dealt with, and combined for comparison with the elemental observables. Calculations and statistical fitting of experimental data are considered. The code is written in FORTRAN-77 and arranged for use on the IBM-compatible personal computer (PC), but it should operate effectively on a number of other systems, particularly VAX/VMS and IBM work stations. Effort is taken to make the code <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span>. With this document a reasonably skilled individual should become fluent with the use of the code in a brief period of time.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Smith, A.B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-05-26</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">201</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3772736"> <span id="translatedtitle">Health Promotion via Deaf-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Ministries</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Deaf community members face many barriers to accessing health information. This paper discusses the feasibility of creating a nationwide network of Deaf-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> ministries to help disseminate cancer information in American Sign Language (ASL) to the Deaf community. Deaf-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> ministries (N=403), identified through Internet searches and one-on-one referrals, were sent up to three mailed invitations to join the network. Over half of the ministries responded, with 191 (47.4 %) of the ministries joining the network, completing a baseline survey and receiving ASL cancer education videos to share with members of their congregation and community. Fifteen (3.7 %) responded that they were not interested or no longer had a Deaf-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> ministry; the rest did not respond or their invitations were returned as undeliverable. As the program progressed, an additional 238 Deaf-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> ministries were identified. To date, 61 (25.6 %) agreed to participate after the single invitation that was mailed. This network of Deaf-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> ministries offers a promising dissemination partner. PMID:22941763</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Branz, Patricia; Fager, Matthew; Seegers, Sharon; Shimasaki, Suzuho</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">202</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=competence&pg=3&id=EJ963723"> <span id="translatedtitle">Competence, Problem Behavior, and the Effects of Having No <span class="hlt">Friends</span>, Aggressive <span class="hlt">Friends</span>, or Nonaggressive <span class="hlt">Friends</span>: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study examined the longitudinal relations between competence (academic achievement and social preference) and problem behavior (loneliness and aggression) in 741 elementary school boys and girls in the Netherlands (Grades 1-5). Also, we examined the moderation effects of having no <span class="hlt">friends</span>, aggressive <span class="hlt">friends</span>, or nonaggressive <span class="hlt">friends</span> on the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Palmen, Hanneke; Vermande, Marjolijn M.; Dekovic, Maja; van Aken, Marcel A. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">203</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/425368"> <span id="translatedtitle">PST <span class="hlt">user`s</span> guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Parametric Source Term (PST) software allows estimation of radioactivity release fractions for Level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessments (PSAs). PST was developed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s) Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) Program. PST contains a framework of equations that model activity transport between volumes in the release pathway from the core, through the vessel, through the containment, and to the environment. PST quickly obtains exact solutions to differential equations for activity transport in each volume for each time interval. PST provides a superior method for source term estimation because it: ensures conservation of activity transported across various volumes in the release pathway; provides limited consideration of the time-dependent behavior of input parameter uncertainty distributions; allows input to be quantified using state-of-the-art severe accident analysis code results; increases modeling flexibility because linkage between volumes is specified by <span class="hlt">user</span> input; and allows other types of Light Water Reactor (LWR) plant designs to be evaluated with minimal modifications. PST is a microcomputer-based system that allows the analyst more flexibility than a mainframe system. PST has been developed to run with both MS DOS and MS Windows 95/NT operating systems. PST has the capability to load ASP Source Term Vector (STV) information, import pre-specified default input for the 6 Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) initially analyzed in the NRC ASP program, allow input value modifications for release fraction sensitivity studies, export <span class="hlt">user</span>-specified default input for the LWR being modeled, report results of radioactivity release calculations at each time interval, and generate formatted results that can interface with other risk assessment codes. This report describes the PST model and provides guidelines for using PST.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rempe, J.L.; Cebull, M.J.; Gilbert, B.G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">204</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25631181"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Fostering LGBT-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Healthcare Services].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) patients suffer from stigma and discrimination when seeking healthcare. A large LGBT healthcare survey revealed that 56% of gay patients and 70% of transgender patients suffered some type of discrimination while seeking healthcare in 2014. The fostering of LGBT-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> healthcare services is not just an advanced step of gender mainstreaming but also a fulfillment of health equality and equity. Additionally, LGBT-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> healthcare services are expected to provide new opportunities for healthcare workers. Therefore, proactive government policies, education, research, and clinical practice should all encourage the development of these healthcare services. We look forward to a well-developed LGBT-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> healthcare system in Taiwan. PMID:25631181</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wei, Han-Ting; Chen, Mu-Hong; Ku, Wen-Wei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">205</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1012499"> <span id="translatedtitle">JEDI Marine and Hydrokinetic Model: <span class="hlt">User</span> Reference Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Jobs and Economic Development Impact Model (JEDI) for Marine and Hydrokinetics (MHK) is a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> spreadsheet-based tool designed to demonstrate the economic impacts associated with developing and operating MHK power systems in the United States. The JEDI MHK <span class="hlt">User</span> Reference Guide was developed to assist <span class="hlt">users</span> in using and understanding the model. This guide provides information on the model's underlying methodology, as well as the sources and parameters used to develop the cost data utilized in the model. This guide also provides basic instruction on model add-in features, operation of the model, and a discussion of how the results should be interpreted.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Goldberg, M.; Previsic, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">206</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/430691"> <span id="translatedtitle">Machine learning of <span class="hlt">user</span> profiles: Representational issues</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">As more information becomes available electronically, tools for finding information of interest to <span class="hlt">users</span> becomes increasingly important. The goal of the research described here is to build a system for generating comprehensible <span class="hlt">user</span> profiles that <span class="hlt">accurately</span> capture <span class="hlt">user</span> interest with minimum <span class="hlt">user</span> interaction. The research described here focuses on the importance of a suitable generalization hierarchy and representation for learning profiles which are predictively <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and comprehensible. In our experiments we evaluated both traditional features based on weighted term vectors as well as subject features corresponding to categories which could be drawn from a thesaurus. Our experiments, conducted in the context of a content-based profiling system for on-line newspapers on the World Wide Web (the IDD News Browser), demonstrate the importance of a generalization hierarchy and the promise of combining natural language processing techniques with machine learning (ML) to address an information retrieval (ER) problem.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bloedorn, E.; Mani, I.; MacMillan, T.R. [MITRE Corp., McLean, VA (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-12-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">207</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24520964"> <span id="translatedtitle">You don't de-<span class="hlt">friend</span> the dead: an analysis of grief communication by college students through Facebook profiles.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This research examined how various members of a social network interact with the Facebook (FB) profile page of a <span class="hlt">friend</span> who has died. From 43 in-depth qualitative interviews, FB <span class="hlt">friends</span> of deceased FB <span class="hlt">users</span> maintained their FB connection with the deceased. Most participants who visited the profile found it helpful to look at pictures; a few wrote messages to the deceased as a coping mechanism. In some instances, a spouse or parent controlled the profile, which respondents universally viewed as having a negative effect on their ability to cope with their loss. PMID:24520964</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pennington, Natalie</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">208</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3894168"> <span id="translatedtitle">PredictSNP: Robust and <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Consensus Classifier for Prediction of Disease-Related Mutations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Single nucleotide variants represent a prevalent form of genetic variation. Mutations in the coding regions are frequently associated with the development of various genetic diseases. Computational tools for the prediction of the effects of mutations on protein function are very important for analysis of single nucleotide variants and their prioritization for experimental characterization. Many computational tools are already widely employed for this purpose. Unfortunately, their comparison and further improvement is hindered by large overlaps between the training datasets and benchmark datasets, which lead to biased and overly optimistic reported performances. In this study, we have constructed three independent datasets by removing all duplicities, inconsistencies and mutations previously used in the training of evaluated tools. The benchmark dataset containing over 43,000 mutations was employed for the unbiased evaluation of eight established prediction tools: MAPP, nsSNPAnalyzer, PANTHER, PhD-SNP, PolyPhen-1, PolyPhen-2, SIFT and SNAP. The six best performing tools were combined into a consensus classifier PredictSNP, resulting into significantly improved prediction performance, and at the same time returned results for all mutations, confirming that consensus prediction represents an <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and robust alternative to the predictions delivered by individual tools. A <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> web interface enables easy access to all eight prediction tools, the consensus classifier PredictSNP and annotations from the Protein Mutant Database and the UniProt database. The web server and the datasets are freely available to the academic community at http://loschmidt.chemi.muni.cz/predictsnp. PMID:24453961</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bendl, Jaroslav; Stourac, Jan; Salanda, Ondrej; Pavelka, Antonin; Wieben, Eric D.; Zendulka, Jaroslav; Brezovsky, Jan; Damborsky, Jiri</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">209</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24312569"> <span id="translatedtitle">Real-time fMRI pattern decoding and neurofeedback using <span class="hlt">FRIEND</span>: an FSL-integrated BCI toolbox.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The demonstration that humans can learn to modulate their own brain activity based on feedback of neurophysiological signals opened up exciting opportunities for fundamental and applied neuroscience. Although EEG-based neurofeedback has been long employed both in experimental and clinical investigation, functional MRI (fMRI)-based neurofeedback emerged as a promising method, given its superior spatial resolution and ability to gauge deep cortical and subcortical brain regions. In combination with improved computational approaches, such as pattern recognition analysis (e.g., Support Vector Machines, SVM), fMRI neurofeedback and brain decoding represent key innovations in the field of neuromodulation and functional plasticity. Expansion in this field and its applications critically depend on the existence of freely available, integrated and <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> tools for the neuroimaging research community. Here, we introduce <span class="hlt">FRIEND</span>, a graphic-oriented <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> interface package for fMRI neurofeedback and real-time multivoxel pattern decoding. The package integrates routines for image preprocessing in real-time, ROI-based feedback (single-ROI BOLD level and functional connectivity) and brain decoding-based feedback using SVM. <span class="hlt">FRIEND</span> delivers an intuitive graphic interface with flexible processing pipelines involving optimized procedures embedding widely validated packages, such as FSL and libSVM. In addition, a <span class="hlt">user</span>-defined visual neurofeedback module allows <span class="hlt">users</span> to easily design and run fMRI neurofeedback experiments using ROI-based or multivariate classification approaches. <span class="hlt">FRIEND</span> is open-source and free for non-commercial use. Processing tutorials and extensive documentation are available. PMID:24312569</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sato, João R; Basilio, Rodrigo; Paiva, Fernando F; Garrido, Griselda J; Bramati, Ivanei E; Bado, Patricia; Tovar-Moll, Fernanda; Zahn, Roland; Moll, Jorge</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">210</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5300261"> <span id="translatedtitle">TOPAZ - the transient one-dimensional pipe flow analyzer: <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">TOPAZ is a ''<span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span>'' computer code for modeling the one-dimensional-transient physics of multi-species gas transfer in arbitrary arrangements of pipes, valves, vessels, and flow branches. This document serves as a <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual for the code, and should provide potential <span class="hlt">users</span> with enough information to take advantage of many of the code's capabilities. Details regarding equations and numerics, example problems, applications, and modeling assumptions will be discussed in companion documents.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Winters, W.S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">211</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/61286210"> <span id="translatedtitle">TOPAZ - the transient one-dimensional pipe flow analyzer: <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">TOPAZ is a ''<span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span>'' computer code for modeling the one-dimensional-transient physics of multi-species gas transfer in arbitrary arrangements of pipes, valves, vessels, and flow branches. This document serves as a <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual for the code, and should provide potential <span class="hlt">users</span> with enough information to take advantage of many of the code's capabilities. Details regarding equations and numerics, example problems,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Winters</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">212</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/135690/files/Freudiger09VH.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards Privacy-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Online Advertising</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Modern web sites commonly interact with third- party domains to integrate advertisements and generate revenue from them. To improve the relevance of advertisements, online advertisers track <span class="hlt">user</span> activities online with third-party cookies. However, excessive online tracking might cause unreasonable access to <span class="hlt">users</span>' browsing information. <span class="hlt">Users</span> are thus in need of a simple way to control the sharing of their browsing</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Julien Freudiger; Nevena Vratonjic; Jean-Pierre Hubaux</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">213</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3796162"> <span id="translatedtitle">Best <span class="hlt">Friends</span>’ Discussions of Social Dilemmas</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best <span class="hlt">friends</span> (191 dyads; 53.4% female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad members completed a self-report measure of friendship quality. Dyadic data analyses guided by the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model indicated that adolescent and <span class="hlt">friend</span>'s reports of friendship qualities were related to the forms of reasoning used during discussion. <span class="hlt">Friends</span> who both reported that they could resolve conflicts in a constructive way were more likely to use moral reasoning than <span class="hlt">friends</span> who reported that their conflict resolution was poor or disagreed on the quality of their conflict resolution. The findings provide evidence for the important role that friendship interaction may play in adolescents’ social and moral development. PMID:23666555</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McDonald, Kristina L.; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">214</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Torrey&id=EJ586405"> <span id="translatedtitle">You've Got a <span class="hlt">Friend</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes the fundraising efforts of the Torrey Pines High School (California) library through the formation of a <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the Library group. Discusses how to form a nonprofit corporation, making the purchase of new books a priority, increasing the library's visibility, and ideas for fundraising events. (LRW)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Politzer, Linda</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">215</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm?seq_no_115=258070"> <span id="translatedtitle">Progress in environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> lubricant development</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ars.usda.gov/services/TekTran.htm">Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> lubricants comprise ingredients derived from natural raw materials such as those harvested from farms, forests, etc. There is a great deal of interest in such lubricants because of their potential economic, environmental, health, and safety benefits over petroleum-based prod...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">216</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.risoe.dk/rispubl/art/2006_111_report.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Green Technology Foresight about environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> products</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Green Technology Foresight about environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> products and materials - The challenges OF THE REPORT 27 2 GREEN TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT OF GENERIC TECHNOLOGIES 29 2.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE METHODOLOGICAL and marketing frame-work conditions 54 3.2.2 ICT as technology area 59 3.3 ICT AND THE ENVIRONMENT 64 3</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">217</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=short+AND+stature&pg=2&id=EJ169883"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prader/Willi Syndrome Parents and <span class="hlt">Friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The characteristics of Prader-Willi syndrome, which include obesity, short stature, and mental retardation, are explained; and the history and activities of the Prader-Willi Syndrome Parents and <span class="hlt">Friends</span> organization, whose primary purpose is to act as a vehicle of communication for sharing experiences on how to cope with the syndrome, are…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Exceptional Parent, 1977</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1977-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">218</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1018358"> <span id="translatedtitle">Higgs <span class="hlt">friends</span> and counterfeits at hadron colliders</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the possibility of 'Higgs counterfeits' - scalars that can be produced with cross sections comparable to the SM Higgs, and which decay with identical relative observable branching ratios, but which are nonetheless not responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking. We also consider a related scenario involving 'Higgs <span class="hlt">friends</span>,' fields similarly produced through gg fusion processes, which would be discovered through diboson channels WW,ZZ,{gamma}{gamma}, or even {gamma}Z, potentially with larger cross sections times branching ratios than for the Higgs. The discovery of either a Higgs <span class="hlt">friend</span> or a Higgs counterfeit, rather than directly pointing towards the origin of the weak scale, would indicate the presence of new colored fields necessary for the sizable production cross section (and possibly new colorless but electroweakly charged states as well, in the case of the diboson decays of a Higgs <span class="hlt">friend</span>). These particles could easily be confused for an ordinary Higgs, perhaps with an additional generation to explain the different cross section, and we emphasize the importance of vector boson fusion as a channel to distinguish a Higgs counterfeit from a true Higgs. Such fields would naturally be expected in scenarios with 'effective Z's,' where heavy states charged under the SM produce effective charges for SM fields under a new gauge force. We discuss the prospects for discovery of Higgs counterfeits, Higgs <span class="hlt">friends</span>, and associated charged fields at the LHC.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fox, Patrick J.; /Fermilab; Tucker-Smith, David; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Williams Coll. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study; Weiner, Neal; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">219</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cvm.ncsu.edu/ccmtr/documents/SuterandRichards.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Summer 2014 A Researcher's Best <span class="hlt">Friend</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">16 Summer 2014 A Researcher's Best <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Collaborative study enhances knowledge of B-cell lymphoma by dogs from around the country. The boundary-crossing project, one of the first to compare canine. then there are the dogs, all victims of lymphoma. They, in a way, contributed the most. In the study, 68 dogs</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Langerhans, Brian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">220</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/59208"> <span id="translatedtitle">How to win <span class="hlt">friends</span> and influence people</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">My thesis work developed out of a specific book: How to Win <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Influence People by Dale Carnegie. The book is one of the best-selling self-help books of all time. Every part of the book was material for my project: ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wheelock, Jess (Jessica Therese)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">221</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/1104.5450v2"> <span id="translatedtitle">Higgs <span class="hlt">friends</span> and counterfeits at hadron colliders</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the possibility of "Higgs counterfeits" - scalars that can be produced with cross sections comparable to the SM Higgs, and which decay with identical relative observable branching ratios, but which are nonetheless not responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking. We also consider a related scenario involving "Higgs <span class="hlt">friends</span>," fields similarly produced through gg fusion processes, which would be discovered through diboson channels WW, ZZ, gamma gamma, or even gamma Z, potentially with larger cross sections times branching ratios than for the Higgs. The discovery of either a Higgs <span class="hlt">friend</span> or a Higgs counterfeit, rather than directly pointing towards the origin of the weak scale, would indicate the presence of new colored fields necessary for the sizable production cross section (and possibly new colorless but electroweakly charged states as well, in the case of the diboson decays of a Higgs <span class="hlt">friend</span>). These particles could easily be confused for an ordinary Higgs, perhaps with an additional generation to explain the different cross section, and we emphasize the importance of vector boson fusion as a channel to distinguish a Higgs counterfeit from a true Higgs. Such fields would naturally be expected in scenarios with "effective Z's," where heavy states charged under the SM produce effective charges for SM fields under a new gauge force. We discuss the prospects for discovery of Higgs counterfeits, Higgs <span class="hlt">friends</span>, and associated charged fields at the LHC.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Patrick J. Fox; David Tucker-Smith; Neal Weiner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-28</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">222</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ece.uwaterloo.ca/~ndpbucha/MSCI442/lowcost%20VEHICLE%20LOCATION.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A low-cost yet <span class="hlt">accurate</span> approach to a vehicle location tracking system</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes a real-time vehicle location tracking system which uses the current technology of the Global Positioning System (NAVSTAR GPS) to provide continuous position and velocity tracking of a moving vehicle. This system consists of two parts-the hardware GPS tracking unit and the front-end <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> mapping software. The hardware-tracking unit provides a common interface to the computer running the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">ABDUL WAHAB; Tan Eng Chong; Ngiam Chong Wah; Ong Swee Eng; Wong Kin Keong</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">223</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://wilhelmy.lci.kent.edu/Kim_Group/Publications_files/C.%20Kim%20and%20JR%20Youn,%20ENVIRONMENTALLY%20FRIENDLY%20PROCESSING%20OF%20POLYURETHANE%20FOAM%20FOR%20THERMAL%20INSULATION.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">ENVIRONMENTALLY <span class="hlt">FRIENDLY</span> PROCESSING OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR THERMAL INSULATION</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ENVIRONMENTALLY <span class="hlt">FRIENDLY</span> PROCESSING OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR THERMAL INSULATION CHANJOONG KIM, 151-742, Korea Abstract An environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> processing method of polyurethane foam was proposed and evaluated for the application of thermal insulation. For the production of polyurethane foam</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kim, Chanjoong</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">224</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/summer09/articles/summer09pg9.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Near-Centenarian Makes <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Quickly in New Home</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Senior Living Near-Centenarian Makes <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Quickly in New Home Past Issues / Summer 2009 Table of Contents ... 2008. Alice has already made <span class="hlt">friends</span> at her new home. Frequent luncheon partners and home residents Beatrice ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">225</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/408837"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Replication in Genetic Programming</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Abstract One characteristic tendency of genetic program - ming is the production of considerably larger trees than expected It has been suggested that this is related to the ability of individuals to replicate ac - curately In this paper we present theoretical anal - ysis which shows that, for certain specific cases, the pressure for <span class="hlt">accurate</span> replication induces an increase</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nicholas Freitag Mcphee; Justin Darwin Miller</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">226</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58575897"> <span id="translatedtitle">ComSoc: adaptive transfer of <span class="hlt">user</span> behaviors over composite social network</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> prediction of <span class="hlt">user</span> behaviors is important for many social media applications, including social marketing, personalization and recommendation, etc. A major challenge lies in that, the available behavior data or interactions between <span class="hlt">users</span> and items in a given social network are usually very limited and sparse (e.g., >= 99.9% empty). Many previous works model <span class="hlt">user</span> behavior from only historical <span class="hlt">user</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Erheng Zhong; Wei Fan; Junwei Wang; Lei Xiao; Yong Li</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">227</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3509792"> <span id="translatedtitle">Associations between <span class="hlt">friends</span>' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Dieting, unhealthy weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors are common among adolescents: <span class="hlt">friends</span> are a probable source of influence on these behaviors. The present study uses data provided by nominated <span class="hlt">friends</span> to examine associations between <span class="hlt">friends</span>' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors and participants' own behaviors in a diverse sample of American youth. Male and female adolescents (mean age = 14.4) completed surveys and identified their <span class="hlt">friends</span> from a class roster; <span class="hlt">friends</span>' survey data were then linked to each participant. Participants (N = 2126) who had at least one nominated <span class="hlt">friend</span> were included in the analytic sample. Independent variables were created using the same weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors reported by nominated <span class="hlt">friends</span>, and were used in logistic regression models to test associations between participants' and their <span class="hlt">friends</span>' behaviors, stratified by gender. Results indicated that dieting, disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors were common in this sample, and selected <span class="hlt">friends</span>' behaviors were associated with the same behaviors in participants. For example, girls whose <span class="hlt">friends</span> reported extreme weight control behaviors had significantly greater odds of using these behaviors than girls whose <span class="hlt">friends</span> did not report these same behaviors (OR = 2.39). This research suggests that <span class="hlt">friends</span>' weight- and shape-related behaviors are a feature of social relationships, and is the first report demonstrating these associations for muscle-enhancing behaviors. Capitalizing on the social element may be important to the development of increasingly effective intervention and prevention programs. PMID:23010337</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eisenberg, Marla E.; Wall, Melanie; Shim, Jin Joo; Bruening, Meg; Loth, Katie; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">228</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=burnout&id=EJ1050362"> <span id="translatedtitle">Maternal Affection Moderates <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Influence on Schoolwork Engagement</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study investigated <span class="hlt">friend</span> influence over adolescent schoolwork engagement in 160 same-sex <span class="hlt">friend</span> dyads (94 female dyads and 66 male dyads). Participants were approximately 16 years of age at the outset. Each <span class="hlt">friend</span> described his or her own schoolwork engagement, school burnout, and perceptions of maternal affection. The results revealed that…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marion, Donna; Laursen, Brett; Kiuru, Noona; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Salmela-Aro, Katariina</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">229</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/friends/friend_cuts.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">How Can I Help a <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Who Cuts?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">How Can I Help a <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Who Cuts? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > <span class="hlt">Friends</span> > How Can I Help a <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Who Cuts? Print A A ... emotional pain they might have. Continue Ways to Help Here are some things that you can try ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">230</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://libraryweb.utep.edu/about/friends_endow.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the University Library Special Collections Endowment</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the University Library Special Collections Endowment The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the University Library has established The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the University Library Special Collections Endowment Fund Special Collections Endowment Fund Office of University Development Kelly Hall ­ 7th Floor 500 West</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ward, Karen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">231</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=facebook&pg=3&id=EJ922436"> <span id="translatedtitle">"<span class="hlt">Friending</span>" Professors, Parents and Bosses: A Facebook Connection Conundrum</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The ever-growing popularity of Facebook has led some educators to ponder what role social networking might have in education. The authors examined student reactions to <span class="hlt">friend</span> requests from people outside their regular network of <span class="hlt">friends</span> including professors, parents, and employers. We found students have the most positive reactions to <span class="hlt">friend</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Karl, Katherine A.; Peluchette, Joy V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">232</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.longislandhort.cornell.edu/pdfs/FriendsGrantsAnnouncementJune2014.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">2014 Grants announced by the <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Long Island Horticulture</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">2014 Grants announced by the <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Long Island Horticulture The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Long Island Horticulture are pleased to announce the recipients of the 2014 research grant competition. This year $25 allowed these research projects to be funded. The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Long Island Horticulture was organized</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Danforth, Bryan Nicholas</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">233</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/winter08/articles/winter08insidecover.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of Medicine - Letter from <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the NLM Chairman Paul G. Rogers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Letter from <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the NLM Chairman Paul G. Rogers Past Issues / Winter 2008 Table of Contents ... for your interest in NIH MedlinePlus . Sincerely, Paul G. Rogers, Chairman <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">234</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5500964"> <span id="translatedtitle">Modeling the <span class="hlt">user</span> in intelligent <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A methodology for explicitly defining a model of a program's <span class="hlt">users</span> and for evaluating the effectiveness of the <span class="hlt">user</span> interface is presented. The development of an explicit <span class="hlt">user</span> model will reduce <span class="hlt">user</span> costs by both reducing the cost of software development and increasing <span class="hlt">user</span> productivity. The components of the methodology are described, and an example of using the methodology in the development of an expert consultant system is given. The methodology can be useful in preliminary design and testing of such interactive software as electronic mail, information retrieval systems, editors, and management information systems.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stoddard, M.L.; Douglass, R.J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">235</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/53718341"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> models for EUV lithography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> modeling of EUV Lithography is a mandatory step in driving the technology towards its foreseen insertion point for 22-16nm node patterning. The models are needed to correct EUV designs for imaging effects, and to understand and improve the CD fingerprint of the exposure tools. With a full-field EUV ADT from ASML now available in the IMEC cleanroom, wafer data</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eric Hendrickx; Gian F. Lorusso; Jiong Jiang; Luoqi Chen; Wei Liu; Eelco van Setten; Steve Hansen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">236</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3725210"> <span id="translatedtitle">From Family to <span class="hlt">Friends</span>: Does Witnessing Interparental Violence Affect Young Adults’ Relationships with <span class="hlt">Friends</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose Childhood exposure to violence in one’s family of origin has been closely linked to subsequent perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence. There is, however, little research on the relationship between witnessing violence and subsequent peer violence. This study investigates the effects of witnessing interparental violence among Filipino young adults on their use and experience of psychological aggression with <span class="hlt">friends</span>. Methods The data source for this study was the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. Recent perpetration and victimization of <span class="hlt">friend</span> psychological aggression among young adults ages 21–22 years was assessed through self-reports from the 2005 survey, and witnessing interparental violence during childhood was assessed through self-reports from the 2002 survey. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the effects of witnessing interparental violence on subsequent use and experience of <span class="hlt">friend</span> psychological aggression. Analyses were stratified by gender. Results About 13% of females and 4% of males perpetrated psychological aggression towards close <span class="hlt">friends</span>, and about 4% of females and males were victims. Fourteen percent of females and 3% of males experienced bidirectional psychological aggression. About 44% of females and 47% of males had, during childhood, witnessed their parents physically hurt one another. Witnessing maternal and reciprocal interparental violence during childhood significantly predicted bidirectional <span class="hlt">friend</span> psychological aggression among males. Among females, witnessing interparental violence did not significantly predict involvement with <span class="hlt">friend</span> psychological aggression. Conclusions Violence prevention programs should consider using family-centered interventions, and apply a gendered lens to their application. Further research on gender differences in <span class="hlt">friend</span> aggression is recommended. PMID:23697789</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mandal, Mahua; Hindin, Michelle J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">237</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/7097819"> <span id="translatedtitle">ETPRE <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Manual Version 2.00</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ETPRE is a preprocessor for the Event Progression Analysis Code EVNTRE. It reads an input file of event definitions and writes the lengthy EVNTRE code input files. ETPRE's advantage is that it eliminates the error-prone task of manually creating or revising these files since their formats are quite elaborate. The <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> format of ETPRE differs from the EVNTRE code format in that questions, branch references, and other event tree components are defined symbolically instead of numerically. When ETPRE is executed, these symbols are converted to their numeric equivalents and written to the output files using format defined in the EVNTRE Reference Manual. Revisions to event tree models are simplified by allowing the <span class="hlt">user</span> to edit the symbolic format and rerun the preprocessor, since questions, branch references, and other symbols are automatically resequenced to their new values with each execution.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Roginski, R J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">238</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=photo&pg=6&id=EJ1004605"> <span id="translatedtitle">CAD Instructor Designs Eco-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Shed</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Dissatisfied with the options offered by big box stores--and wanting to save some money and go as green as possible--the author puts his design and construction skills to good use. In this article, he shares how he designed and built an eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> shed. He says he is very pleased with the results of working with his own design, reducing waste,…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schwendau, Mark</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">239</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930010928&hterms=tooth+wedging&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dtooth%2Bwedging"> <span id="translatedtitle">Robot-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> connector. [space truss structures</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Robot <span class="hlt">friendly</span> connectors, which, in one aspect, are truss joints with two parts, a receptacle and a joint, are presented. The joints have a head which is loosely inserted into the receptacle and is then tightened and aligned. In one aspect, the head is a rounded hammerhead which initially is enclosed in the receptacle with sloppy fit provided by the shape, size, and configuration of surfaces on the head and on the receptacle.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Parma, George F. (inventor); Vandeberghe, Mark H. (inventor); Ruiz, Steve C. (inventor)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">240</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24810424"> <span id="translatedtitle">Efficient and <span class="hlt">accurate</span> fragmentation methods.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Conspectus Three novel fragmentation methods that are available in the electronic structure program GAMESS (general atomic and molecular electronic structure system) are discussed in this Account. The fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method can be combined with any electronic structure method to perform <span class="hlt">accurate</span> calculations on large molecular species with no reliance on capping atoms or empirical parameters. The FMO method is highly scalable and can take advantage of massively parallel computer systems. For example, the method has been shown to scale nearly linearly on up to 131?000 processor cores for calculations on large water clusters. There have been many applications of the FMO method to large molecular clusters, to biomolecules (e.g., proteins), and to materials that are used as heterogeneous catalysts. The effective fragment potential (EFP) method is a model potential approach that is fully derived from first principles and has no empirically fitted parameters. Consequently, an EFP can be generated for any molecule by a simple preparatory GAMESS calculation. The EFP method provides <span class="hlt">accurate</span> descriptions of all types of intermolecular interactions, including Coulombic interactions, polarization/induction, exchange repulsion, dispersion, and charge transfer. The EFP method has been applied successfully to the study of liquid water, ?-stacking in substituted benzenes and in DNA base pairs, solvent effects on positive and negative ions, electronic spectra and dynamics, non-adiabatic phenomena in electronic excited states, and nonlinear excited state properties. The effective fragment molecular orbital (EFMO) method is a merger of the FMO and EFP methods, in which interfragment interactions are described by the EFP potential, rather than the less <span class="hlt">accurate</span> electrostatic potential. The use of EFP in this manner facilitates the use of a smaller value for the distance cut-off (Rcut). Rcut determines the distance at which EFP interactions replace fully quantum mechanical calculations on fragment-fragment (dimer) interactions. The EFMO method is both more <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and more computationally efficient than the most commonly used FMO implementation (FMO2), in which all dimers are explicitly included in the calculation. While the FMO2 method itself does not incorporate three-body interactions, such interactions are included in the EFMO method via the EFP self-consistent induction term. Several applications (ranging from clusters to proteins) of the three methods are discussed to demonstrate their efficacy. The EFMO method will be especially exciting once the analytic gradients have been completed, because this will allow geometry optimizations, the prediction of vibrational spectra, reaction path following, and molecular dynamics simulations using the method. PMID:24810424</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pruitt, Spencer R; Bertoni, Colleen; Brorsen, Kurt R; Gordon, Mark S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-09-16</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">241</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www-rech.enic.fr/MIIRE/enseign/IIM/mongy/papers/p478-granka.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Eye-tracking analysis of <span class="hlt">user</span> behavior in WWW search</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate how <span class="hlt">users</span> interact with the results page of a WWW search engine using eye-tracking. The goal is to gain insight into how <span class="hlt">users</span> browse the presented abstracts and how they select links for further exploration. Such understanding is valuable for improved interface design, as well as for more <span class="hlt">accurate</span> interpretations of implicit feedback (e.g. clickthrough) for machine learning.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Laura A. Granka; Thorsten Joachims; Geri Gay</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">242</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25084601"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prospects of DLC coating as environment <span class="hlt">friendly</span> surface treatment process.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">After first commercialization in 90's, the applications of diamond-like carbon (DLC) have been significantly expanded to tool, automobile parts, machineries and moulds to enhance wear and friction properties. Although DLC has many advantages like high hardness, low friction electrical insulating and chemical stability and has the possible market, its application in the field is still very limited due to the gaps of understanding between end-<span class="hlt">user</span> and developer of its advantage of costing. Recently, one of the most popular issues in the surface modification is providing the long lasting super-hydrophilic or -hydrophobic properties on the material surface for the outdoor usage. A lot of material loss is caused due to water corrosion which has to do with the flow and contacts of water like fuel cell separator and air conditioner parts. The consequence of development of functional surface based on the hydrophilic or hydrophobic design for the important parts would be really helpful for materials to be cleaner and more energy effective. Here, we first reviewed the DLC technology and then examined the kind of surface modification as well as its merits and disadvantage. We also looked at how we can improve super-hydrophilic and super hydrophobic for the DLC coating layer as well as current status of technology and arts of DLC. In the end, we would like to suggest it as one of the environmental <span class="hlt">friendly</span> industrial technology. PMID:25084601</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kim, S W; Kim, S G</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">243</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009LNCS.5727..838R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Social Circles: A 3D <span class="hlt">User</span> Interface for Facebook</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Online social network services are increasingly popular web applications which display large amounts of rich multimedia content: contacts, status updates, photos and event information. Arguing that this quantity of information overwhelms conventional <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces, this paper presents Social Circles, a rich interactive visualization designed to support real world <span class="hlt">users</span> of social network services in everyday tasks such as keeping up with <span class="hlt">friends</span> and organizing their network. It achieves this by using 3D UIs, fluid animations and a spatial metaphor to enable direct manipulation of a social network.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rodrigues, Diego; Oakley, Ian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">244</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19880007066&hterms=self+referential+processing&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dself%2Breferential%2Bprocessing"> <span id="translatedtitle">The crustal dynamics intelligent <span class="hlt">user</span> interface anthology</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) has initiated an Intelligent Data Management (IDM) research effort which has, as one of its components, the development of an Intelligent <span class="hlt">User</span> Interface (IUI). The intent of the IUI is to develop a <span class="hlt">friendly</span> and intelligent <span class="hlt">user</span> interface service based on expert systems and natural language processing technologies. The purpose of such a service is to support the large number of potential scientific and engineering <span class="hlt">users</span> that have need of space and land-related research and technical data, but have little or no experience in query languages or understanding of the information content or architecture of the databases of interest. This document presents the design concepts, development approach and evaluation of the performance of a prototype IUI system for the Crustal Dynamics Project Database, which was developed using a microcomputer-based expert system tool (M. 1), the natural language query processor THEMIS, and the graphics software system GSS. The IUI design is based on a multiple view representation of a database from both the <span class="hlt">user</span> and database perspective, with intelligent processes to translate between the views.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Short, Nicholas M., Jr.; Campbell, William J.; Roelofs, Larry H.; Wattawa, Scott L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">245</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://imaging.utk.edu/publications/papers/2005/207_BAbidi_CVPR.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">An interactive <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface and a portable test were developed and used in a</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">energy x-ray luggage scans, to assist airport screeners in identifying and detecting threat items luggage inspection and requires two x-ray images, one at low energy and one at high energy, thus needing assigned based on these values. In this paper the focus is on single energy x-ray luggage images, for which</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Abidi, Mongi A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">246</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24997041"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microbiota, immunoregulatory old <span class="hlt">friends</span> and psychiatric disorders.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Regulation of the immune system is an important function of the gut microbiota. Increasing evidence suggests that modern living conditions cause the gut microbiota to deviate from the form it took during human evolution. Contributing factors include loss of helminth infections, encountering less microbial biodiversity, and modulation of the microbiota composition by diet and antibiotic use. Thus the gut microbiota is a major mediator of the hygiene hypothesis (or as we prefer, "Old <span class="hlt">Friends</span>" mechanism), which describes the role of organisms with which we co-evolved, and that needed to be tolerated, as crucial inducers of immunoregulation. At least partly as a consequence of reduced exposure to immunoregulatory Old <span class="hlt">Friends</span>, many but not all of which resided in the gut, high-income countries are undergoing large increases in a wide range of chronic inflammatory disorders including allergies, autoimmunity and inflammatory bowel diseases. Depression, anxiety and reduced stress resilience are comorbid with these conditions, or can occur in individuals with persistently raised circulating levels of biomarkers of inflammation in the absence of clinically apparent peripheral inflammatory disease. Moreover poorly regulated inflammation during pregnancy might contribute to brain developmental abnormalities that underlie some cases of autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. In this chapter we explain how the gut microbiota drives immunoregulation, how faulty immunoregulation and inflammation predispose to psychiatric disease, and how psychological stress drives further inflammation via pathways that involve the gut and microbiota. We also outline how this two-way relationship between the brain and inflammation implicates the microbiota, Old <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and immunoregulation in the control of stress resilience. PMID:24997041</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rook, Graham A W; Raison, Charles L; Lowry, Christopher A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">247</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/0609052v1"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> extraction of the News</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We propose a new scheme for extracting gravitational radiation from a characteristic numerical simulation of a spacetime. This method is similar in conception to our earlier work but analytical and numerical implementation is different. The scheme is based on direct transformation to the Bondi coordinates and the gravitational waves are extracted by calculating the Bondi news function in Bondi coordinates. The entire calculation is done in a way which will make the implementation easy when we use uniform Bondi angular grid at $\\mathcal I^+$. Using uniform Bondi grid for news calculation has added advantage that we have to solve only ordinary differential equations instead of partial differential equation. For the test problems this new scheme allows us to extract gravitational radiation much more <span class="hlt">accurately</span> than the previous schemes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shrirang S. Deshingkar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-09-14</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">248</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19740020296&hterms=elastic+perfectly+plastic+limit+analysis&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Delastic%2Bperfectly%2Bplastic%2B%2522limit%2Banalysis%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle">On numerically <span class="hlt">accurate</span> finite element</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A general criterion for testing a mesh with topologically similar repeat units is given, and the analysis shows that only a few conventional element types and arrangements are, or can be made suitable for computations in the fully plastic range. Further, a new variational principle, which can easily and simply be incorporated into an existing finite element program, is presented. This allows <span class="hlt">accurate</span> computations to be made even for element designs that would not normally be suitable. Numerical results are given for three plane strain problems, namely pure bending of a beam, a thick-walled tube under pressure, and a deep double edge cracked tensile specimen. The effects of various element designs and of the new variational procedure are illustrated. Elastic-plastic computation at finite strain are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nagtegaal, J. C.; Parks, D. M.; Rice, J. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1974-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">249</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.colobusconservation.org/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Wakuzulu: <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the Colobus Trust</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Wakuzulu: <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the Colobus Trust is a not-for-profit organization based in Kenya dedicated to the "conservation, preservation, and protection of primates, in particular the Angolan Black and White Colobus monkey." Wakuzulu's extensive homepage features the latest updates on the Colobus population in the Diani area, as well as detailed information about the organization's projects and initiatives. First time visitors may wish to check out the section titled Diani's Primates, which offers an excellent introduction to Colobus monkeys and other species in the area.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">250</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.illustrativemathematics.org/illustrations/117"> <span id="translatedtitle">7.RP <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Meeting on Bikes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Taylor and Anya are <span class="hlt">friends</span> who live 63 miles apart. Sometimes on a Saturday, they ride toward each other's houses on their bikes and meet in between. ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">251</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009LNCS.5814..335C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bayesian Auctions with <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Foes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study auctions whose bidders are embedded in a social or economic network. As a result, even bidders who do not win the auction themselves might derive utility from the auction, namely, when a <span class="hlt">friend</span> wins. On the other hand, when an enemy or competitor wins, a bidder might derive negative utility. Such spite and altruism will alter the bidding strategies. A simple and natural model for bidders’ utilities in these settings posits that the utility of a losing bidder i as a result of bidder j winning is a constant (positive or negative) fraction of bidder j’s utility.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, Po-An; Kempe, David</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">252</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cdsweb.cern.ch/record/1435364"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bayesian Auctions with <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Foes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study auctions whose bidders are embedded in a social or economic network. As a result, even bidders who do not win the auction themselves might derive utility from the auction, namely, when a <span class="hlt">friend</span> wins. On the other hand, when an enemy or competitor wins, a bidder might derive negative utility. Such spite and altruism will alter the bidding strategies. A simple and natural model for bidders' utilities in these settings posits that the utility of a losing bidder i as a result of bidder j winning is a constant (positive or negative) fraction of bidder j's utility.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, Po-An</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">253</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=organics&pg=7&id=EJ864859"> <span id="translatedtitle">Organic Foods: Do Eco-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Attitudes Predict Eco-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Behaviors?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether student awareness and attitudes about organic foods would predict their behaviors with regard to organic food consumption and other healthy lifestyle practices. A secondary purpose was to determine whether attitudes about similar eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> practices would result in socially conscious…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dahm, Molly J.; Samonte, Aurelia V.; Shows, Amy R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">254</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/70617x262m01x263.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fast 3D Brain Segmentation Using Dual-Front Active Contours with Optional <span class="hlt">User</span>-Interaction</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Important attributes of 3D brain cortex segmentation algorithms include robustness, accuracy, computational efficiency, and facilitation of <span class="hlt">user</span> interaction, yet few algorithms incorporate all of these traits. Manual segmentation is highly <span class="hlt">accurate</span> but tedious and laborious. Most automatic techniques, while less demanding on the <span class="hlt">user</span>, are much less <span class="hlt">accurate</span>. It would be useful to employ a fast automatic segmentation procedure to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hua Li; Anthony J. Yezzi; Laurent D. Cohen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">255</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/content/user-and-data-services"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> and Data Services</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href=""></a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Scientific <span class="hlt">User</span> and Data Services (SUDS) group provides technical and ... UDS staff members provide telephone support for <span class="hlt">users</span> with questions involving the online system, discipline specific data set inquiries, ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-11-29</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">256</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23743351"> <span id="translatedtitle">The effects of receiving a rape disclosure: college <span class="hlt">friends</span>' stories.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Research suggests that college women are at greater risk for rape and sexual assault than women in the general population or in a comparable age group. College women, away from home and family, may turn to <span class="hlt">friends</span> for support. <span class="hlt">Friends</span> may experience emotional reactions that affect their own functioning and may not feel they have anywhere to turn. In this study, we interviewed male and female college students who had received a rape disclosure from a <span class="hlt">friend</span>. Their unique stories provide insight into the secondary effects of rape disclosure on <span class="hlt">friends</span>. Implications of these findings for college campuses are discussed. PMID:23743351</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Branch, Kathryn A; Richards, Tara N</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">257</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cdsweb.cern.ch/record/1965929"> <span id="translatedtitle">Analyzing <span class="hlt">User</span> Activities, Demographics, Social Network Structure and <span class="hlt">User</span>-Generated Content on Instagram</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Instagram is a relatively new form of communication where <span class="hlt">users</span> can instantly share their current status by taking pictures and tweaking them using filters. It has seen a rapid growth in the number of <span class="hlt">users</span> as well as uploads since it was launched in October 2010. Inspite of the fact that it is the most popular photo sharing application, it has attracted relatively less attention from the web and social media research community. In this paper, we present a large-scale quantitative analysis on millions of <span class="hlt">users</span> and pictures we crawled over 1 month from Instagram. Our analysis reveals several insights on Instagram which were never studied before: 1) its social network properties are quite different from other popular social media like Twitter and Flickr, 2) people typically post once a week, and 3) people like to share their locations with <span class="hlt">friends</span>. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first in-depth analysis of <span class="hlt">user</span> activities, demographics, social network structure and <span class="hlt">user</span>-generated content on Instagram.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Manikonda, Lydia; Kambhampati, Subbarao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">258</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013DPS....4511302P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cold <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Hot Jupiters: NIRSPEC Survey</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Previous surveys have shown that half of all stars occur in binary systems. Although most exoplanet surveys exclude systems with known binary companions, it is likely that many known planetary systems contain distant, low-mass stellar companions that went unnoticed in the initial survey selection. Such companions may have important effects on the formation and migration of planets (and especially hot Jupiters) around the primary star via three-body interactions such as Kozai-driven migration. The Cold <span class="hlt">Friends</span> project uses three observing techniques to make a robust determination of the occurrence rate of exoplanets in binary systems: radial velocity monitoring, adaptive optics imaging (see presentation on the AO Survey by H. Ngo et al.), and near-infrared spectroscopy. In this presentation, we focus on the results of the spectroscopy portion of the Cold <span class="hlt">Friends</span> project. Using NIRSPEC at Keck Observatory, we have obtained high-resolution spectra of roughly fifty exoplanet-hosting stars near 2.3 microns, where low-mass companions will show deep CO absorption features superimposed on the primary stellar spectrum. This method allows for the detection of binary companions located within 50 to 200 AU of the host star. At this location, such a binary companion could conceivably influence the formation and migration of exoplanets orbiting the main star. We describe our method for removing the signal due to the main-sequence FGK host stars and searching for the distinctive spectral features of a low-mass stellar companion.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Piskorz, Danielle; Knutson, H. A.; Muirhead, P. S.; Batygin, K.; Crepp, J. R.; Hinkley, S.; Howard, A. W.; Johnson, J. A.; Morton, T. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">259</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=unix&pg=7&id=ED332660"> <span id="translatedtitle">Helping <span class="hlt">Users</span> Help Themselves.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This discussion of the design of <span class="hlt">user</span>-initiated help systems in computers focuses on the information that <span class="hlt">users</span> actively seek to help them with their tasks, with emphasis on how to help <span class="hlt">users</span> ask the questions that will bridge the gap between the initial internal (mental) form of the query and their information need as expressed by the system.…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">O'Malley, Claire E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">260</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/837506"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> interface software tools</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Almost as long as there have been <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces, there have been special software systems and tools to help design and implement the <span class="hlt">user</span> interface software. Many of these tools have demonstrated significant productivity gains for programmers, and have become important commercial products. Others have proven less successful at supporting the kinds of <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces people want to build. This</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brad A. Myers</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">261</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009SPIE.7488E..2GH"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> models for EUV lithography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> modeling of EUV Lithography is a mandatory step in driving the technology towards its foreseen insertion point for 22-16nm node patterning. The models are needed to correct EUV designs for imaging effects, and to understand and improve the CD fingerprint of the exposure tools. With a full-field EUV ADT from ASML now available in the IMEC cleanroom, wafer data can be collected to calibrate <span class="hlt">accurate</span> models and check if the existing modeling infrastructure can be extended to EUV lithography. As a first topic, we have measured the CD on wafer of a typical OPC dataset at different flare levels and modeled the evolution of wafer CD through flare, reticle CD, and pitch using Brion's Tachyon OPC engine. The modeling first requires the generation of a flare map using long-range kernels to model the EUV specific long-range flare. The accuracy of the flare map can be established independently from the CD measurements, by using the traditional disappearing pad test for flare determination (Kirk test). The flare map is then used as background intensity in the calibration of the traditional optical models with short-range kernels. For a structure set of 600 features and over a flare range of 4-6%, an rms fit value of 0.9nm was obtained. As a second aspect of the modeling, we have calibrated a full resist model to process window data. The full resist model is then used in a combination with experimental measurements of reticle CD, slit intensity uniformity, focal plane behavior, and EUV thick mask effects to model the evolution of wafer CD across the exposure field. The modeled evolution of CD across the exposure field was found to be a good match to the experimentally seen evolution of CD across the field, and confirms that the 4 factors mentioned above are main contributions to the CD uniformity across the field. As such the modeling work enables a better understanding of the errors contributing to CD variation across the field for EUV technology.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hendrickx, Eric; Lorusso, Gian F.; Jiang, Jiong; Chen, Luoqi; Liu, Wei; Van Setten, Eelco; Hansen, Steve</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">262</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1131374"> <span id="translatedtitle">TRL Computer System <span class="hlt">User’s</span> Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have developed a wiki-based graphical <span class="hlt">user</span>-interface system that implements our technology readiness level (TRL) uncertainty models. This document contains the instructions for using this wiki-based system.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">263</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/565626"> <span id="translatedtitle">DOSFAC2 <span class="hlt">user`s</span> guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This document describes the DOSFAC2 code, which is used for generating dose-to-source conversion factors for the MACCS2 code. DOSFAC2 is a revised and updated version of the DOSFAC code that was distributed with version 1.5.11 of the MACCS code. included are (1) an overview and background of DOSFAC2, (2) a summary of two new functional capabilities, and (3) a <span class="hlt">user`s</span> guide. 20 refs., 5 tabs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Young, M.L.; Chanin, D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">264</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.public.asu.edu/~huanliu/papers/kdd11.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Exploiting Vulnerability to Secure <span class="hlt">User</span> Privacy on a Social Networking Site</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">. INTRODUCTION Social media [7] gives <span class="hlt">users</span> an efficient way to commu- nicate and network with one another's privacy protection? With the diversity of one's social media <span class="hlt">friends</span>, how can one figure out an effective on an unprecedented scale and at rates unseen in traditional media. The pop- ularity of social media has grown</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, Huan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">265</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=digital+AND+curation&id=ED537888"> <span id="translatedtitle">Professional Learning in the Digital Age: The Educator's Guide to <span class="hlt">User</span>-Generated Learning</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discover how to transform your professional development and become a truly connected educator with <span class="hlt">user</span>-generated learning! This book shows educators how to enhance their professional learning using practical tools, strategies, and online resources. With beginner-<span class="hlt">friendly</span>, real-world examples and simple steps to get started, the author shows how…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Swanson, Kristen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">266</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=124897"> <span id="translatedtitle">ESPVI 4.0 ELECTROSTATIS PRECIPITATOR V-1 AND PERFORMANCE MODEL: <span class="hlt">USER</span>'S MANUAL</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The manual is the companion document for the microcomputer program ESPVI 4.0, Electrostatic Precipitation VI and Performance Model. The program was developed to provide a <span class="hlt">user</span>- <span class="hlt">friendly</span> interface to an advanced model of electrostatic precipitation (ESP) performance. The program i...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">267</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=47471"> <span id="translatedtitle">ESPVI 4.0 ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATOR V-I AND PERFORMANCE MODEL: <span class="hlt">USER</span>'S MANUAL</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The manual is the companion document for the microcomputer program ESPVI 4.0, Electrostatic Precipitation VI and Performance Model. The program was developed to provide a <span class="hlt">user</span>- <span class="hlt">friendly</span> interface to an advanced model of electrostatic precipitation (ESP) performance. The program i...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">268</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=e-commerce&pg=7&id=ED546927"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Antecedents, Objects, and Consequents of <span class="hlt">User</span> Trust in Location-Based Social Networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Online social networks provide rich opportunities to interact with <span class="hlt">friends</span> and other online community members. At the same time, the addition of emerging location-sharing technologies--which broadcast a <span class="hlt">user</span>'s location online, including who they are with and what is happening nearby--is creating new dimensions to the types of interactions…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Russo, Paul</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">269</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=34444"> <span id="translatedtitle">IAQPC: INDOOR AIR QUALITY SIMULATOR FOR PERSONAL COMPUTERS: VOLUME 2. <span class="hlt">USER</span>'S GUIDE</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The two-volume report describes the development of an indoor air quality simulator for personal computers (IAQPC), a program that addresses the problems of indoor air contamination. The program-- systematic, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span>, and computer-based--can be used by administrators and eng...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">270</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20050196711&hterms=life+prediction+methods+composites&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dlife%2Bprediction%2Bmethods%2Bcomposites"> <span id="translatedtitle">Local Debonding and Fiber Breakage in Composite Materials Modeled <span class="hlt">Accurately</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A prerequisite for full utilization of composite materials in aerospace components is <span class="hlt">accurate</span> design and life prediction tools that enable the assessment of component performance and reliability. Such tools assist both structural analysts, who design and optimize structures composed of composite materials, and materials scientists who design and optimize the composite materials themselves. NASA Glenn Research Center's Micromechanics Analysis Code with Generalized Method of Cells (MAC/GMC) software package (http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/LPB/mac) addresses this need for composite design and life prediction tools by providing a widely applicable and <span class="hlt">accurate</span> approach to modeling composite materials. Furthermore, MAC/GMC serves as a platform for incorporating new local models and capabilities that are under development at NASA, thus enabling these new capabilities to progress rapidly to a stage in which they can be employed by the code's end <span class="hlt">users</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bednarcyk, Brett A.; Arnold, Steven M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">271</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title38-vol1-sec4-46.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 4.46 - <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> measurement.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...46 <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> measurement. <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> measurement of the length of stumps, excursion of joints, dimensions and location of scars with respect to landmarks, should be insisted on. The use of a goniometer in the measurement of limitation of motion...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">272</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.hitl.washington.edu/publications//r-2006-39/r-2006-39.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Water-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Virtual Reality Pain Control During Wound Care</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Water-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Virtual Reality Pain Control During Wound Care Hunter G. Hoffman, David R. Patterson-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> virtual reality (VR) technology with a burn patient undergoing wound care in a hydrotherapy tub ratings and decreased the amount of time spent thinking about his pain during wound care. We believe</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Washington at Seattle, University of</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">273</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=scan+AND+groups&pg=2&id=EJ961197"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Minnesota Family, <span class="hlt">Friend</span> and Neighbor Grant Program</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In 1997, Minnesota became the first state in the nation to pass legislation establishing an education and support program for family, <span class="hlt">friend</span>, and neighbor (FFN) care providers. This article describes the Minnesota Family, <span class="hlt">Friend</span> and Neighbor Grant Program and findings from an evaluation of the programs and a curriculum scan of materials used in…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Susman-Stillman, Amy; Stout, Karen; Cleveland, Jennifer; Hawley, Vicki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">274</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ties&id=EJ954064"> <span id="translatedtitle">Academic Achievement and Its Impact on <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Dynamics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Academic achievement in adolescence is a key determinant of future educational and occupational success. <span class="hlt">Friends</span> play an important role in the educational process. They provide support and resources and can both encourage and discourage academic achievement. As a result, the <span class="hlt">friends</span> adolescents make may help to maintain and exacerbate inequality…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Flashman, Jennifer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">275</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=anglicism&pg=2&id=ED399805"> <span id="translatedtitle">More False <span class="hlt">Friends</span>. Tuckische Fallen des deutsch-englishen Wortschatzes.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The second guide to "false <span class="hlt">friends</span>," or false cognates, in German and English lists and discusses more difficult terms than the first guide. An introductory section defines false <span class="hlt">friends</span> and discusses different types, and provides a set of symbols for distinguishing them. The first major section lists, alphabetically in German, and contains notes…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Breitkreuz, Hartmut</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">276</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10167585"> <span id="translatedtitle">DCHAIN: A <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> computer program for radioactive decay and reaction chain calculations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A computer program for calculating the time-dependent daughter populations in radioactive decay and nuclear reaction chains is described. Chain members can have non-zero initial populations and be produced from the preceding chain member as the result of radioactive decay, a nuclear reaction, or both. As presently implemented, chains can contain up to 15 members. Program input can be supplied interactively or read from ASCII data files. Time units for half-lives, etc. can be specified during data entry. Input values are verified and can be modified if necessary, before used in calculations. Output results can be saved in ASCII files in a format suitable for including in reports or other documents. The calculational method, described in some detail, utilizes a generalized form of the Bateman equations. The program is written in the C language in conformance with current ANSI standards and can be used on multiple hardware platforms.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">East, L.V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">277</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25570778"> <span id="translatedtitle">Toward an affordable and <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> visual motion capture system.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present study aims at designing and evaluating a low-cost, simple and portable system for arm joint angle estimation during grasping-like motions. The system is based on a single RGB-D camera and three customized markers. The automatically detected and tracked marker positions were used as inputs to an offline inverse kinematic process based on bio-mechanical constraints to reduce noise effect and handle marker occlusion. The method was validated on 4 subjects with different motions. The joint angles were estimated both with the proposed low-cost system and, a stereophotogrammetric system. Comparative analysis shows good accuracy with high correlation coefficient (r= 0.92) and low average RMS error (3.8 deg). PMID:25570778</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bonnet, V; Sylla, N; Cherubini, A; Gonzales, A; Azevedo Coste, C; Fraisse, P; Venture, G</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">278</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cis.uab.edu/saxena/docs/su-cans09.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Blink 'Em All: Scalable, <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> and Secure Initialization of Wireless Sensor Nodes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">on and to manipulate, raising the very real threat of the so-called Man-in-the-Middle (MiTM) attacker. A fundamental, wildlife habitat, air pollution, border crossings, nuclear emission and water quality. In addition</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Saxena, Nitesh</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">279</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/65143"> <span id="translatedtitle">Brainstorm: A <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Application for MEG/EEG Analysis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Brainstorm is a collaborative open-source application dedicated to magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) data visualization and processing, with an emphasis on cortical source estimation techniques ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tadel, Francois</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">280</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cs.ucr.edu/~mart/preprints/ccr03.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Self-Similarity Analysis Tool Thomas Karagiannis, Michalis Faloutsos, Mart Molle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">and the absence of publicly avail- able software. In this paper, we introduce SELFIS, a comprehensive tool for an in-depth LRD analysis, including several LRD estimators. In addition, SELFIS includes a powerful ap acquired SELFIS within a month of its release, which clearly demonstrates the need for such a tool</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Molle, Mart</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">281</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://tlaloc.sfsu.edu/~yoon/PUB/Annotizer.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">ANNOTIZER: <span class="hlt">USER-FRIENDLY</span> WWW ANNOTATION SYSTEM FOR COLLABORATION IN RESEARCH AND EDUCATION ENVIRONMENTS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">parts of documents), or "active reading", substantially improves the comprehension of the material, and they can often create their own communities (i.e. discussion or study groups). These methods work well collaboration tool for study groups, researchers, educators, and students. In order to understand</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yoon, Ilmi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">282</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/672061"> <span id="translatedtitle">In-vehicle human factors for integrated multi-function systems: Making ITS <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">As more and more Intelligent Transportation System in-vehicle equipment enters the general consumer market, the authors are about to find out how different design engineers are from ordinary drivers. Driver information systems are being developed and installed in vehicles at an ever-increasing rate. These systems provide information on diverse topics of concern and convenience to the driver, such as routing and navigation, emergency and collision warnings, and a variety of motorists services, or yellow pages functions. Most of these systems are being developed and installed in isolation from each other, with separate means of gathering the information and of displaying it to the driver. The current lack of coordination among on-board systems threatens to create a situation in which different messages on separate displays will be competing with each other for the drivers attention. Urgent messages may go unnoticed, and the number of messages may distract the driver from the most critical task of controlling the vehicle. Thus, without good human factors design and engineering for integrating multiple systems in the vehicle, consumers may find ITS systems confusing and frustrating to use. The current state of the art in human factors research and design for in-vehicle systems has a number of fundamental gaps. Some of these gaps were identified during the Intelligent Vehicle Initiative Human Factors Technology Workshop, sponsored by the US Department of Transportation, in Troy, Michigan, December 10--11, 1997. One task for workshop participants was to identify needed research areas or topics relating to in-vehicle human factors. The top ten unmet research needs from this workshop are presented. Many of these gaps in human factors research knowledge indicate the need for standardization in the functioning of interfaces for safety-related devices such as collision avoidance systems (CAS) and adaptive cruise controls (ACC). Such standards and guidelines will serve to make the safety-critical aspects of these systems consistent across different manufacturers, thereby reducing the likelihood of driver surprise. A second area to emerge from the Workshop concerns research into techniques for integrating multiple devices in vehicles. This type of research is needed to support the development and validation of standards and guidelines, and is discussed in the second section. The majority of the top ten research types identified in the Workshop fall under the need for a Science of Driving, which is discussed in the last section of this paper.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Spelt, P.F.; Scott, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">283</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/38533096"> <span id="translatedtitle">Science and Pseudoscience in Law EnforcementA <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Primer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Pseudoscience and questionable science are largely neglected problems in police and other law enforcement work. In this primer, the authors delineate the key differences between science and pseudoscience, presenting 10 probabilistic indicators or warning signs, such as lack of falsifiability, absence of safeguards against confirmation bias, and lack of self-correction, that can help consumers of the police literature to distinguish</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scott O. Lilienfeld; Kristin Landfield</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">284</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=210266"> <span id="translatedtitle">Creating a <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> GIS tool to define functional process zones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The goal of this research is to develop methods and indicators that are useful for evaluating the condition of aquatic communities, for assessing the restoration of aquatic communities in response to mitigation and best management practices, and for determining the exposure of aq...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">285</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15827428"> <span id="translatedtitle">A philosophical yet <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> framework for ethical decision making in critical care nursing.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nurses must frequently make ethical decisions. These decisions require judgment, knowledge, and skills. This article will provide one framework for ethical decision making and provide several examples of the process. PMID:15827428</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wueste, Daniel E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">286</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/896224"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> End Station at the ALS for Nanostructure Characterization</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This is a construction project for an end station at the ALS, which is optimized for measuring NEXAFS of nanostructures with fluorescence detection. Compared to the usual electron yield detection, fluorescence is able to probe buried structures and is sensitive to dilute species, such as nanostructures supported on a substrate. Since the quantum yield for fluorescence is 10{sup -4}-10{sup -5} times smaller than for electrons in the soft x-ray regime, such an end station requires bright undulator beamlines at the ALS. In order to optimize the setup for a wide range of applications, two end stations were built: (1) A simple, mobile chamber with efficient photon detection (>10{sup 4} times the solid angle collection of fluorescence spectrographs) and a built-in magnet for MCD measurements at EPU beamlines (Fig. 1 left). It allows rapid mapping the electronic states of nanostructures (nanocrystals, nanowires, tailored magnetic materials, buried interfaces, biologically-functionalized surfaces). It was used with BL 8.0 (linear polarized undulator) and BL 4.0 (variable polarization). (2) A sophisticated, stationary end station operating at Beamline 8.0 (Fig. 1 right). It contains an array of surface characterization instruments and a micro-focus capability for scanning across graded samples (wedges for thickness variation, stoichiometry gradients, and general variations of the sample preparation conditions for optimizing nanostructures).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F. J. Himpsel; P. Alivisatos; T. Callcott; J. Carlisle; J. D. Denlinger; D. E. Eastman; D. Ederer; Z. Hussain; L.J. Terminello; T. Van Buuren; R. S. Williams</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-07-05</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">287</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=restriction+AND+enzyme&pg=2&id=EJ569347"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Time-Efficient and <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Method for Plasmid DNA Restriction Analysis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes an experiment in which plasmid DNA is digested with restriction enzymes that cleave the plasmid either once or twice. The DNA is stained, loaded on a gel, electrophoresed, and viewed under normal laboratory conditions during electrophoresis. (DDR)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">LaBanca, Frank; Berg, Claire M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">288</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25287386"> <span id="translatedtitle">Genuair(®) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a novel, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span>, multidose, dry-powder inhaler.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators, which are pivotal to the management of respiratory diseases, are delivered by numerous devices, including pressurized metered-dose inhalers and dry-powder inhalers. However, patient adherence to these medications is suboptimal and incorrect inhaler technique is endemic, meaning that insufficient drug quantities are frequently delivered to the lungs. Genuair(®) (Almirall SA, Spain) is a novel, breath-actuated, multidose dry-powder inhaler designed to achieve reliable and effective delivery of inhaled medicines - including aclidinium bromide - to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In addition to describing Genuair's design, which incorporates multiple feedback mechanisms in order to confirm effective medication uptake, this article discusses the performance characteristics of the inhaler, its efficiency in terms of drug deposition and the results of recent patient preference and satisfaction studies. PMID:25287386</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">der Palen, Job van</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">289</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://people.oregonstate.edu/~jennyh/resources/2010_Jenny_etal_WYSIWYG_Geospatial_Collections.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">11 A WYSIWYG Interface for <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span> Access to Geospatial Data Collections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">, Andreas Neumann2 , Bernhard Jenny1 , Lorenz Hurni1 1 Institute of Cartography, ETH Zurich, Switzerland 2. Jobst (ed.), Preservation in Digital Cartography, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, DOI</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jenny, Bernhard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">290</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12807120"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> web site a winner. San Diego's Sharp HealthCare provides wealth of information.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Sharp HealthCare, San Diego, web site, a winner of the 2002 Medicine on the Net Web Excellence Award, provides a wealth of information without wasting space or confusing the visitor. The web site, www.sharp.com, can be viewed in both English and Spanish, a valuable consideration for those living in the California-Mexico border area served by Sharp. The integrated health network operates seven hospitals and three medical group practices. It has 2,541 physicians on medical staffs and more than 11,000 employees. PMID:12807120</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rees, Tom</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">291</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.sts.tu-harburg.de/~r.f.moeller/papers/2007/WeMo07b.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Design Principles and Realization Techniques for <span class="hlt">User</span> <span class="hlt">Friendly</span>, Interactive, and Scalable</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">-performance query and rule language called nRQL. KBs are transmitted using file IO, or over net- work sockets. Racer datatype properties). The specific features of RacerPro (e.g., nRQL) can only be accessed via its native</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Moeller, Ralf</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">292</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://repository.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1992-THESIS-D584"> <span id="translatedtitle">An efficient and <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> investment optimization system for large scale oil field development</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">investment problem, yet such an approach is frequently overlooked in practical applications to the field development process. The reasons for the decision maker's reluctance to use mathematical program- ming techniques comes from the following facts: 1... for a decision maker's reluctance to use mathematical programming techniques can be summarized as follows: 1) Existing approaches tend to oversimplify the problem mathematically to obtain optimal solutions within limited computational resources...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ding, Zixuan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">293</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20050215163&hterms=Cost+Quality&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3DCost%2BQuality"> <span id="translatedtitle">Low-Cost, <span class="hlt">User-Friendly</span>, Rapid Analysis of Dynamic Data System Established</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An issue of primary importance to the development of new jet and certain other airbreathing combined-cycle powered aircraft is the advancement of airframe-integrated propulsion technologies. Namely, engine inlets and their systems and subsystems are required to capture, convert, and deliver the atmospheric airflow demanded by such engines across their operating envelope in a form that can be used to provide efficient, stable thrust. This must be done while also minimizing aircraft drag and weight. Revolutionary inlet designs aided by new technologies are needed to enable new missions. An unwanted byproduct of pursuing these inlet technologies is increased time-variant airflow distortion. Such distortions reduce propulsion system stability, performance, operability, and life. To countermand these limitations and fully evaluate the resulting configurations, best practices dictate that this distortion be experimentally measured at large scale and analyzed. The required measurements consist of those made by an array of high-response pressure transducers located in the flow field at the aerodynamic interface plane (AIP) between the inlet and engine. Although the acquisition of the necessary pitot-pressure time histories is relatively straight-forward, until recent years, the analysis has proved to be very time-consuming, tedious, and expensive. To transform the analysis of these data into a tractable and timely proposition, researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center created and established the Rapid Analysis of Dynamic Data (RADD) system. The system provides complete, near real-time analysis of time-varying inlet airflow distortion datasets with report quality output. This fully digital approach employs Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) binary data file format standardization to establish data-acquisition-system-independent processing on low cost personal computers. Features include invalid instrumentation code-out, logging, and multiple replacement schemes as needed for each channel of instrumentation. The AIP pressure distribution can be interpolated to simulate measurements by alternate AIP probe arrays, if desired. In addition, the RADD system provides for the application of filters that can be used to focus the analysis on the frequency range of interest.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Arend, David J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">294</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23386521"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Fostering a breastfeeding-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> workplace].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Creating supportive environments that encourage mothers to breastfeed their children has emerged in recent years as a key health issue for women and children. Taiwan has a large and still growing number of new mothers in the workplace. Early postpartum return to work and inconvenient workplace conditions often discourage women from breastfeeding or cause early discontinuation. This study describes the current status of worksite breastfeeding-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> policies in Taiwan and selected other countries and assesses the effects of work-related factors on working mother breastfeeding behavior. Although maternity leave has been positively correlated with breastfeeding duration, maternity leave in Taiwan remains significantly shorter than in other countries. Flexible working conditions, the provision of lactation rooms, and support from colleagues are critical components of promoting breastfeeding in the workplace. PMID:23386521</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, Yi-Chun; Kuo, Shu-Chen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">295</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3868387"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microbial ‘Old <span class="hlt">Friends</span>’, immunoregulation and stress resilience</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Chronic inflammatory diseases (autoimmunity, allergy and inflammatory bowel diseases) are increasing in prevalence in urban communities in high-income countries. One important factor is reduced exposure to immunoregulation-inducing macro- and microorganisms and microbiota that accompanied mammalian evolution (the hygiene hypothesis or ‘Old <span class="hlt">Friends</span>’ mechanism). Reduced exposure to these organisms predisposes to poor regulation of inflammation. But inflammation is equally relevant to psychiatric disorders. Inflammatory mediators modulate brain development, cognition and mood, and accompany low socioeconomic status and some cases of depression in developed countries. The risk of all these conditions (chronic inflammatory and psychiatric) is increased in urban versus rural communities, and increased in immigrants, particularly if they move from a low- to a high-income country during infancy, and often the prevalence increases further in second generation immigrants, suggesting that critical exposures modulating disease risk occur during pregnancy and infancy. Diminished exposure to immunoregulation-inducing Old <span class="hlt">Friends</span> in the perinatal period may enhance the consequences of psychosocial stressors, which induce increased levels of inflammatory mediators, modulate the microbiota and increase the risk for developing all known psychiatric conditions. In later life, the detrimental effects of psychosocial stressors may be exaggerated when the stress occurs against a background of reduced immunoregulation, so that more inflammation (and therefore more psychiatric symptoms) result from any given level of psychosocial stress. This interaction between immunoregulatory deficits and psychosocial stressors may lead to reduced stress resilience in modern urban communities. This concept suggests novel interpretations of recent epidemiology, and novel approaches to the increasing burden of psychiatric disease. PMID:24481186</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rook, Graham A. W.; Lowry, Christopher A.; Raison, Charles L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">296</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20140013262&hterms=Pretty+face&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3DPretty%2Bface"> <span id="translatedtitle">MADS <span class="hlt">Users</span>' Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">MADS (Minimization Assistant for Dynamical Systems) is a trajectory optimization code in which a <span class="hlt">user</span>-specified performance measure is directly minimized, subject to constraints placed on a low-order discretization of <span class="hlt">user</span>-supplied plant ordinary differential equations. This document describes the mathematical formulation of the set of trajectory optimization problems for which MADS is suitable, and describes the <span class="hlt">user</span> interface. Usage examples are provided.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Moerder, Daniel D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">297</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10173377"> <span id="translatedtitle">Radiation Exposure Monitoring and Information Transmittal (REMIT) system. <span class="hlt">User`s</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Radiation Exposure Monitoring and Information Transmittal (REMIT) system is designed to assist US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)licensees in meeting the reporting requirements of the revised 10 CFR 20 and in agreement with the guidance contained in R.G. 8.7, Rev. 1, ``Instructions for Recording and Reporting Occupational Exposure Data.`` REMIT is a personal computer (PC) based menu driven system that facilitates the manipulation of data base files to record and report radiation exposure information. REMIT is designed to be <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> and contains the full text of R. G. 8.7, Rev. 1, on-line as well as context-sensitive help throughout the program. The <span class="hlt">user</span> can enter data directly from NRC Forms 4 or 5, REMIT allows the <span class="hlt">user</span> to view the individual`s exposure in relation to regulatory or administrative limits and alerts the <span class="hlt">user</span> to exposures in excess of these limits. The system also provides for the calculation and summation of dose from intakes and the determination of the dose to the maximally exposed extremity for the monitoring year. REMIT can produce NRC Forms 4 and 5 in paper and electronic format and can import/export data from ASCII and data base files.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cale, R.; Clark, T.; Dixson, R.; Hagemeyer, D. [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">298</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19790012597&hterms=isis&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3Disis"> <span id="translatedtitle">Preliminary ISIS <span class="hlt">users</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Interactive Software Invocation (ISIS), an interactive data management system, was developed to act as a buffer between the <span class="hlt">user</span> and host computer system. The <span class="hlt">user</span> is provided by ISIS with a powerful system for developing software or systems in the interactive environment. The <span class="hlt">user</span> is protected from the idiosyncracies of the host computer system by providing such a complete range of capabilities that the <span class="hlt">user</span> should have no need for direct access to the host computer. These capabilities are divided into four areas: desk top calculator, data editor, file manager, and tool invoker.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Grantham, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">299</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AGUFMIN41A1126M"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Registration in EOSDIS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Throughout the lifetime of EOSDIS the topic of <span class="hlt">user</span> registration has received varied attention. Initially, for example, <span class="hlt">users</span> ordering data from the Earth Science Data Gateway were required to register for delivery of media orders, to check order status and save profile information for future interactions. As EOSDIS embraced evolution of its data systems, the mostly centralized search and order system was replaced with a more diverse set of interfaces allowing (mostly) anonymous online access to data, tools and services. The changes to EOSDIS were embraced by <span class="hlt">users</span> but the anonymous nature of the interaction made it more difficult to characterize <span class="hlt">users</span>, capture metrics and provide customized services that benefit <span class="hlt">users</span>. Additionally, new tools and interfaces have been developed without a centralized registration system. Currently a patchwork of independent registration systems exists throughout EOSDIS for ordering data and interacting with online tools and services. Each requires a separate username and password that must be managed by <span class="hlt">users</span>. A consolidation of registration systems presents an opportunity to improve not only the <span class="hlt">user</span> experience through tool customization and simplification of password management, but the understanding of <span class="hlt">users</span>. This work discusses the options for implementing a common <span class="hlt">user</span> registration for the EOSDIS, anticipated benefits and pitfalls.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Murphy, K. J.; Mitchell, A. E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">300</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6204679"> <span id="translatedtitle">PEDRO (Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option) <span class="hlt">user</span> guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">PEDRO is an electronic data communications product that simplifies filing and transmission of petroleum survey data. Your burden is significantly reduced as PEDRO eliminates paperwork, provides immediate onsite correction of data errors, and reduces the need for followup calls and survey resubmission. PEDRO provides an online error-checking process that highlights discrepancies. This permits you to enter and check data before transmitting to EIA. EIA then combines and reformats the data from different <span class="hlt">users</span> for use by analytical and reporting programs. PEDRO is available at no cost to the <span class="hlt">user</span>. Formal training is not required since installation, data processing, and transmission are done by interactive, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> menu options. The PEDRO system is divided into three functions: (1) data processing, (2) transmitting data to EIA, and (3) EIA processing. 28 figs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Not Available</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">301</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10190706"> <span id="translatedtitle">Top ten list of <span class="hlt">user</span>-hostile interface design</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This report describes ten of the most frequent ergonomic problems found in human-computer interfaces (HCIs) associated with complex industrial machines. In contrast with being thought of as ``<span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span>,`` many of these machines are seen as exhibiting ``<span class="hlt">user</span>-hostile`` attributes by the author. The historical lack of consistent application of ergonomic principles in the HCIs has led to a breed of very sophisticated, complex manufacturing equipment that few people can operate without extensive orientation, training, or experience. This design oversight has produced the need for extensive training programs and help documentation, unnecessary machine downtime, and reduced productivity resulting from operator stress and confusion. Ergonomic considerations affect industrial machines in at least three important areas: (1) the physical package including CRT and keyboard, maintenance access areas, and dedicated hardware selection, layout, and labeling; (2) the software by which the <span class="hlt">user</span> interacts with the computer that controls the equipment; and (3) the supporting documentation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Miller, D.P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">302</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25300047"> <span id="translatedtitle">Gratitude for help among adult <span class="hlt">friends</span> and siblings.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although gratitude is a key prosocial emotion reinforcing reciprocal altruism, it has been largely ignored in the empirical literature. We examined feelings of gratitude and the importance of reciprocity in same-sex peer relations. Participants were 772 individuals (189 men; mean age = 28.80) who completed an online survey using a vignette design. We investigated (i) differences in reported gratitude and the importance of reciprocity among same-sex siblings and same-sex <span class="hlt">friends</span>, and (ii) how relationship closeness moderates these associations. Based on the theory of kin altruism, we expect that people would feel more grateful towards <span class="hlt">friends</span> than towards their siblings, and that lack of gratitude or failure to pay back a loan would bother more with <span class="hlt">friends</span> than with siblings, irrespective of emotional closeness. Results showed that levels of gratitude and expectations of reciprocity were higher towards <span class="hlt">friends</span> compared to siblings. This was the case also after controlling for emotional closeness. Being close generally made participants feel more grateful and expect lower displays of gratitude in the other. Closeness was also strongly associated with emotional gratitude among siblings compared to <span class="hlt">friends</span>. We conclude that feelings and displays of gratitude have a special role in friendships. Although a close sibling may elicit as much gratitude as a <span class="hlt">friend</span> does, even a very close <span class="hlt">friend</span> is not exempt from the logic of reciprocity in the same way that a sibling is. PMID:25300047</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rotkirch, Anna; Lyons, Minna; David-Barrett, Tamas; Jokela, Markus</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">303</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013DPS....4511301N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cold <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Hot Jupiters: AO Survey</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">“Hot Jupiters” are a class of gas giant planets found in extrasolar systems at very small orbital distances (?0.05 AU). We know that these planets could not have formed at their present locations, but must instead have migrated in from beyond the ice line. One class of proposed migration mechanisms for these planets involve gravitational perturbations from a distant stellar companion. These same processes also provide a natural explanation for the existence of a subset of hot Jupiters that have been observed to have orbits that are highly misaligned with respect to their star's spin axis and/or have large orbital eccentricities. In the "Cold <span class="hlt">Friends</span>" survey, we search for stellar companions around 51 stars known to host hot Jupiters in order to determine whether stellar companions play an important role in hot Jupiter migration. Our survey consists of a population of stars with planets that have eccentric and/or misaligned orbits as well as a control population of planets with well-aligned and circular orbits. This project searches for companion stars (the "Cold <span class="hlt">Friends</span>") in three detection modes: radial velocity monitoring, high resolution IR spectroscopy (presented by D. Piskorz et al. at this meeting), and adaptive optics (AO) imaging at infrared wavelengths (presented here). The AO mode is sensitive to the most distant companions (separations of 50-200 AU and beyond) while the other modes are effective at finding companions at smaller separations. We present the results of our AO survey and discuss the binary fraction found in our sample. Out of our total sample of 51 stars, 19 candidate companions (many of which have not been observed before) were directly imaged around 17 stars. We also describe follow-up photometry and astrometry of all detected companions to determine whether or not they are gravitationally bound to the primary planet-hosting star. If such companions are common, it would suggest that perturbations from stellar companions may play a significant role in the evolution of hot Jupiter systems.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ngo, Henry; Knutson, H. A.; Hinkley, S.; Crepp, J. R.; Batygin, K.; Howard, A. W.; Johnson, J. A.; Morton, T. D.; Muirhead, P. S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">304</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010LNCS.6007..228L"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Generated Content Consumption and Social Networking in Knowledge-Sharing OSNs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Knowledge-sharing online social networks are becoming increasingly pervasive and popular. While the <span class="hlt">user-to-user</span> interactions in these networks have received substantial attention, the consumption of <span class="hlt">user</span> generated content has not been studied extensively. In this work, we use data gathered from digg.com to present novel findings and draw important sociological conclusions regarding the intimate relationship between consumption and social networking. We first demonstrate that individuals' consumption habits influence their <span class="hlt">friend</span> networks, consistent with the concept of homophily. We then show that one's social network can also influence the consumption of a submission through the activation of an extended <span class="hlt">friend</span> network. Finally, we investigate the level of reciprocity, or balance, in the network and uncover relationships that are significantly less balanced than expected.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lussier, Jake T.; Raeder, Troy; Chawla, Nitesh V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">305</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16518317"> <span id="translatedtitle">A graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface for an electron monitor unit calculator using a sector-integration algorithm and exponential curve-fitting method.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new electron monitor unit (MU) calculator program called "eMUc" was developed to provide a convenient electron MU calculation platform for the physics and radiotherapy staff in electron radiotherapy. The program was written using the Microsoft Visual Basic.net framework and has a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> front-end window with the following features: (1) Apart from using the well-known polynomial curvefitting method for the interpolation and extrapolation of relative output factors (ROFs), an exponential curve-fitting method was used to obtain better results. (2) A new algorithm was used to acquire the radius in each angular segment in the irregular electron field during the sector integration. (3) A comprehensive graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface running on the Microsoft Windows operating system was used. (4) Importing irregular electron cutout field images to the calculator program was simplified by using only a commercial optical scanner. (5) Interlocks were provided when the input patient treatment parameters could not be handled by the calculator database <span class="hlt">accurately</span>. (6) A patient treatment record could be printed out as an electronic file or hard copy and transferred to the patient database. The data acquisition mainly required ROF measurements using various circular cutouts for all the available electron energies and applicators for our Varian 21 EX linear accelerator. To verify and implement the calculator, the measured results using our specific designed irregular and clinical cutouts were compared to those predicted by the calculator. Both agreed well with an error of +/-2%. PMID:16518317</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chow, James C L; Grigorov, Grigor N; MacGregor, Christopher</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">306</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=user+AND+contact+AND+information&pg=6&id=EJ189198"> <span id="translatedtitle">Online <span class="hlt">User</span> Group Directory</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This list of U.S. and international online <span class="hlt">user</span> groups includes contact persons and their addresses. The U.S. regions are divided according to the Medlars regional geographical breakdown. The <span class="hlt">user</span> groups were formed so that data base producers or search service vendors could be invited to do training or give educational programs. (JPF)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Berger, Mary</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1978-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">307</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cdsweb.cern.ch/record/1553754"> <span id="translatedtitle">EMI New <span class="hlt">User</span> Communities</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This document provides pieces of information about new <span class="hlt">user</span> communities that directly or indirectly take advantage of EMI Products. Each <span class="hlt">user</span> community is described via one specific EMI product use case to understand and communicate the current usage of EMI Products in practice.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Riedel, M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">308</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6363358"> <span id="translatedtitle">KDYNA <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This report is a complete <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual for KDYNA, the Earth Sciences version of DYNA2D. Because most features of DYNA2D have been retained in KDYNA much of this manual is identical to the DYNA2D <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Levatin, J.A.L.; Attia, A.V.; Hallquist, J.O.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-09-28</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">309</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=clues+AND+past&pg=4&id=ED197710"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Users</span> of Indexes.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Problems of indexing and index use lie at the heart of information use. They determine maximum possible use of information systems and sources, affect communication with <span class="hlt">users</span>, influence the use of retrieved documents, and should form a more important field of research than past history indicates. Previous research provides some clues to <span class="hlt">user</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Beal, Christina</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">310</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19760006866&hterms=ma&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Dma"> <span id="translatedtitle">MIRADS-2 <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An on-line data storage and retrieval system which allows the <span class="hlt">user</span> to extract and process information from stored data bases is described. The capabilities of the system are provided by a general purpose computer program containing several functional modules. The modules contained in MIRADS are briefly described along with <span class="hlt">user</span> terminal operation procedures and MIRADS commands.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1975-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">311</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=human+AND+machine+AND+interface&pg=7&id=EJ276739"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fighting for the <span class="hlt">User</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Redesign of human-computer interface for <span class="hlt">users</span> of computerized information systems can make substantial difference in training time, performance speed, error rates, and <span class="hlt">user</span> satisfaction. Information and computer scientists are using controlled psychologically oriented experimentation, and evaluations during system development and active use to…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shneiderman, Ben</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">312</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19740006473&hterms=Warthog&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3DWarthog"> <span id="translatedtitle">NASTRAN: <span class="hlt">Users</span>' experiences</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The proceedings of a conference on NASA Structural Analysis (NASTRAN) to analyze the experiences of <span class="hlt">users</span> of the program are presented. The subjects discussed include the following: (1) statics and buckling, (2) vibrations and dynamics, (3) substructing, (4) new capability, (5) <span class="hlt">user</span>'s experience, and (6) system experience. Specific applications of NASTRAN to spacecraft, aircraft, nuclear power plants, and materials tests are reported.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1973-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">313</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910016370&hterms=sea+urchin&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3D%2528sea%2Burchin%2529"> <span id="translatedtitle">SEAPAK <span class="hlt">user</span>'s guide, version 2.0. Volume 2: Descriptions of programs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The SEAPAK is a <span class="hlt">user</span>-interactive satellite data analysis package that was developed for the processing and interpretation of Nimbus-7/Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) and the NOAA Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data. Significant revisions were made since version 1.0, and the ancillary environmental data analysis module was greatly expanded. The package continues to be <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> and <span class="hlt">user</span> interactive. Also, because the scientific goals of the ocean color research being conducted have shifted to large space and time scales, batch processing capabilities for both satellite and ancillary environmental data analyses were enhanced, thus allowing for large quantities of data to be ingested and analyzed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mcclain, Charles R.; Darzi, Michael; Firestone, James K.; Fu, Gary; Yeh, Eueng-Nan; Endres, Daniel L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">314</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/982203"> <span id="translatedtitle">ARM <span class="hlt">User</span> Survey Report</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The objective of this survey was to obtain <span class="hlt">user</span> feedback to, among other things, determine how to organize the exponentially growing data within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, and identify <span class="hlt">users</span>’ preferred data analysis system. The survey findings appear to have met this objective, having received approximately 300 responses that give insight into the type of work <span class="hlt">users</span> perform, usage of the data, percentage of data analysis <span class="hlt">users</span> might perform on an ARM-hosted computing resource, downloading volume level where <span class="hlt">users</span> begin having reservations, opinion about usage if given more powerful computing resources (including ability to manipulate data), types of tools that would be most beneficial to them, preferred programming language and data analysis system, level of importance for certain types of capabilities, and finally, level of interest in participating in a code-sharing community.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Roeder, LR</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-06-22</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">315</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002AcAau..51..405H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Service on demand for ISS <span class="hlt">users</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Since the ISS started its operational phase, the need of logistics scenarios and solutions, supporting the utilisation of the station and its facilities, becomes increasingly important. Our contribution to this challenge is a SERVICE On DEMAND for ISS <span class="hlt">users</span>, which offers a business <span class="hlt">friendly</span> engineering and logistics support for the resupply of the station. Especially the utilisation by commercial and industrial <span class="hlt">users</span> is supported and simplified by this service. Our industrial team, consisting of OHB-System and BEOS, provides experience and development support for space dedicated hard- and software elements, their transportation and operation. Furthermore, we operate as the interface between customer and the envisaged space authorities. Due to a variety of tailored service elements and the ongoing servicing, customers can concentrate on their payload content or mission objectives and don't have to deal with space-specific techniques and regulations. The SERVICE On DEMAND includes the following elements: ITR is our in-orbit platform service. ITR is a transport rack, used in the SPACEHAB logistics double module, for active and passive payloads on subrack- and drawer level of different standards. Due to its unique late access and early retrieval capability, ITR increases the flexibility concerning transport capabilities to and from the ISS. RIST is our multi-functional test facility for ISPR-based experiment drawer and locker payloads. The test program concentrates on physical and functional interface and performance testing at the payload developers site prior to the shipment to the integration and launch. The RIST service program comprises consulting, planning and engineering as well. The RIST test suitcase is planned to be available for lease or rent to <span class="hlt">users</span>, too. AMTSS is an advanced multimedia terminal consulting service for communication with the space station scientific facilities, as part of the <span class="hlt">user</span> home-base. This unique ISS multimedia kit combines communication technologies, software tools and hardware to provide a simple and cost-efficient access to data from the station, using the interconnection ground subnetwork. BEOLOG is our efficient ground logistics service for the transportation of payload hardware and support equipment from the <span class="hlt">user</span> location to the launch/landing sites for the ISS service flights and back home. The main function of this service is the planning and organisation of all packaging, handling, storage & transportation tasks according to international rules. In conclusion, we offer novel service elements for logistics ground- and flight-infrastructure, dedicated for ISS <span class="hlt">users</span>. These services can be easily adapted to the needs of <span class="hlt">users</span> and are suitable for other ?g- platforms as well.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hüser, Detlev; Berg, Marco; Körtge, Nicole; Mildner, Wolfgang; Salmen, Frank; Strauch, Karsten</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">316</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://research.google.com/pubs/archive/39990.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Online Power Estimation and Automatic Battery Behavior Based Power Model Generation for Smartphones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Online Power Estimation and Automatic Battery Behavior Based Power Model Generation the model generated by PowerBooter for online power esti- mation. PowerBooter is intended to make it quick and easy for application developers and end <span class="hlt">users</span> to generate power models for new smartphone variants</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tomkins, Andrew</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">317</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cs.cornell.edu/Info/People/jiawang/ethernet.ps"> <span id="translatedtitle">E#cient and <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Ethernet Simulation Jia Wang # and Srinivasan Keshav</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">detection. Then, we describe an e#cient distributed simulation model, called Fast Ethernet SimulationE#cient and <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Ethernet Simulation Jia Wang # and Srinivasan Keshav Cornell Network Research#erent applications and <span class="hlt">users</span>. A practical problem in doing so is that although Ethernet is one of the hops for nearly</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">318</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23596444"> <span id="translatedtitle">The schistosoma granuloma: <span class="hlt">friend</span> or foe?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Infection of man with Schistosoma species of trematode parasite causes marked chronic morbidity. Individuals that become infected with Schistosomes may develop a spectrum of pathology ranging from mild cercarial dermatitis to severe tissue inflammation, in particular within the liver and intestines, which can lead to life threatening hepatosplenomegaly. It is well established that the etiopathology during schistosomiasis is primarily due to an excessive or unregulated inflammatory response to the parasite, in particular to eggs that become trapped in various tissue. The eggs forms the foci of a classical type 2 granulomatous inflammation, characterized by an eosinophil-rich, CD4(+) T helper (Th) 2 cell dominated infiltrate with additional infiltration of alternatively activated macrophages (M2). Indeed the sequela of the type 2 perioval granuloma is marked fibroblast infiltration and development of fibrosis. Paradoxically, while the granuloma is the cause of pathology it also can afford some protection, whereby the granuloma minimizes collateral tissue damage in the liver and intestines. Furthermore, the parasite is exquisitely reliant on the host to mount a granulomatous reaction to the eggs as this inflammatory response facilitates the successful excretion of the eggs from the host. In this focused review we will address the conundrum of the S. mansoni granuloma acting as both <span class="hlt">friend</span> and foe in inflammation during infection. PMID:23596444</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hams, Emily; Aviello, Gabriella; Fallon, Padraic G</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">319</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2690455"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ants recognize foes and not <span class="hlt">friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discriminating among individuals and rejecting non-group members is essential for the evolution and stability of animal societies. Ants are good models for studying recognition mechanisms, because they are typically very efficient in discriminating ‘<span class="hlt">friends</span>’ (nest-mates) from ‘foes’ (non-nest-mates). Recognition in ants involves multicomponent cues encoded in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles. Here, we tested whether workers of the carpenter ant Camponotus herculeanus use the presence and/or absence of cuticular hydrocarbons to discriminate between nest-mates and non-nest-mates. We supplemented the cuticular profile with synthetic hydrocarbons mixed to liquid food and then assessed behavioural responses using two different bioassays. Our results show that (i) the presence, but not the absence, of an additional hydrocarbon elicited aggression and that (ii) among the three classes of hydrocarbons tested (unbranched, mono-methylated and dimethylated alkanes; for mono-methylated alkanes, we present a new synthetic pathway), only the dimethylated alkane was effective in eliciting aggression. Our results suggest that carpenter ants use a fundamentally different mechanism for nest-mate recognition than previously thought. They do not specifically recognize nest-mates, but rather recognize and reject non-nest-mates bearing odour cues that are novel to their own colony cuticular hydrocarbon profile. This begs for a reappraisal of the mechanisms underlying recognition systems in social insects. PMID:19364750</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Guerrieri, Fernando J.; Nehring, Volker; Jørgensen, Charlotte G.; Nielsen, John; Galizia, C. Giovanni; d'Ettorre, Patrizia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">320</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009PJMPE..15..177S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Maria Sklodowska-Curie - scientist, <span class="hlt">friend</span>, manager</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Great names in science represent an inexhaustible source and richness of inspiration, satisfaction and consolation, a moving and victorious force. Throughout her exemplifying life, Maria Sklodowska remained modest but with a keen sense of humor, of an outstanding style, a mine of knowledge and experience, of innovative ideas and a rich inner life. Full of love, of passion to give and to share, of natural optimism, mixed with a light melancholy, so typical for sages. She vehemently defended the love of scientific research, of the spirit of adventure and entrepreneurship and fought for international culture, for the protection of personality and talent. Maria Sklodowska left her passion to science, her dedication to work including education and training of young people, her passionate adherence to her family, her belief in her <span class="hlt">friends</span>, her pure and profound humanity and warmth! The paper should be a homage to her, an appreciation of her work over the years, but not less a correspondence, a conversation with her! On the other hand, the present solemn occasion resuscitates the personalities of Maria and Pierre Curie and their work, in particular of Maria Sklodowska in her own native land! In this manner, it truly contributes to her immortality!</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Slavchev, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' 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showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">321</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/221028"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User`s</span> guide to MIDAS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Welcome to the MIDAS <span class="hlt">User`s</span> Guide. This document describes the goals of the Munitions Items Disposition Action System (MIDAS) program and documents the MIDAS software. The main text first describes the equipment and software you need to run MIDAS and tells how to install and start it. It lists the contents of the database and explains how it is organized. Finally, it tells how to perform various functions, such as locating, entering, viewing, deleting, changing, transferring, and printing both textual and graphical data. Images of the actual computer screens accompany these explanations and guidelines. Appendix A contains a glossary of names for the various abbreviations, codes, and chemicals; Appendix B is a list of modem names; Appendix C provides a database dictionary and rules for entering data; and Appendix D describes procedures for troubleshooting problems associated with connecting to the MIDAS server and using MIDAS.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tisue, S.A.; Williams, N.B.; Huber, C.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.; Chun, K.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment Div.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">322</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.its.umn.edu/Events/SeminarSeries/2006/Presentations/2006_1010_ATTSS.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development and Evaluation of a Novel Traffic <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Commuter Vehicle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Development and Evaluation of a Novel Traffic <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Commuter Vehicle Rajesh Rajamani Department What solutions do researchers in the automotive industry and researchers in the vehicle dynamics lanes - Vehicles will travel together in closely- packed "platoons". Dedicated to automated vehicles</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Minnesota, University of</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">323</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=256477"> <span id="translatedtitle">ENVIRONMENTALLY <span class="hlt">FRIENDLY</span> BORATE-BASED WOOD PRESERVATIVE - PHASE I</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This natural organic retention project proposes using lignin from emerging biorefineries to allow borates to be used as wood preservatives for exterior applications exposed to rain. Enhancing the retention of environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> borates has been the “holy grail...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">324</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.imm.dtu.dk/pubdb/views/edoc_download.php/5982/pdf/imm5982.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Good <span class="hlt">Friends</span>, Bad News Affect and Virality in Twitter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">. To test the hypothesis we analyze three corpora: A complete sample of tweets about the COP15 climate on the findings of Berger and Milkman (2010), in short 'if you want to be cited: Sweet talk your <span class="hlt">friends</span> or serve</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">325</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/28767"> <span id="translatedtitle">Quality <span class="hlt">user</span> support: Supporting quality <span class="hlt">users</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">During the past decade, fundamental changes have occurred in technical computing in the oil industry. Technical computing systems have moved from local, fragmented quantity, to global, integrated, quality. The compute power available to the average geoscientist at his desktop has grown exponentially. Technical computing applications have increased in integration and complexity. At the same time, there has been a significant change in the work force due to the pressures of restructuring, and the increased focus on international opportunities. The profile of the <span class="hlt">user</span> of technical computing resources has changed. <span class="hlt">Users</span> are generally more mature, knowledgeable, and team oriented than their predecessors. In the 1990s, computer literacy is a requirement. This paper describes the steps taken by Oryx Energy Company to address the problems and opportunities created by the explosive growth in computing power and needs, coupled with the contraction of the business. A successful <span class="hlt">user</span> support strategy will be described. Characteristics of the program include: (1) Client driven support; (2) Empowerment of highly skilled professionals to fill the support role; (3) Routine and ongoing modification to the support plan; (4) Utilization of the support assignment to create highly trained advocates on the line; (5) Integration of the support role to the reservoir management team. Results of the plan include a highly trained work force, stakeholder teams that include support personnel, and global support from a centralized support organization.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Woolley, T.C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-12-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">326</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3495651"> <span id="translatedtitle">Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span>: An online co-expression analysis tool to identify novel gene targets for aging and complex diseases</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background Although many diseases have been well characterized at the molecular level, the underlying mechanisms are often unknown. Nearly half of all human genes remain poorly studied, yet these genes may contribute to a number of disease processes. Genes involved in common biological processes and diseases are often co-expressed. Using known disease-associated genes in a co-expression analysis may help identify and prioritize novel candidate genes for further study. Results We have created an online tool, called Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span>, which identifies co-expressed genes in over 1,000 mouse microarray datasets. Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span> can be used to assign putative functions to poorly studied genes. Using a seed list of disease-associated genes and a guilt-by-association method, Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span> allows <span class="hlt">users</span> to quickly identify novel genes and transcription factors associated with a disease or process. We tested Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span> using seed lists for aging, cancer, and mitochondrial complex I disease. We identified several candidate genes that have previously been predicted as relevant targets. Some of the genes identified are already being tested in clinical trials, indicating the effectiveness of this approach. Co-expressed transcription factors were investigated, identifying C/ebp genes as candidate regulators of aging. Furthermore, several novel candidate genes, that may be suitable for experimental or clinical follow-up, were identified. Two of the novel candidates of unknown function that were co-expressed with cancer-associated genes were selected for experimental validation. Knock-down of their human homologs (C1ORF112 and C12ORF48) in HeLa cells slowed growth, indicating that these genes of unknown function, identified by Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span>, may be involved in cancer. Conclusions Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span> is a resource for biologists to identify and prioritize novel candidate genes involved in biological processes and complex diseases. It is an intuitive online resource that will help drive experimentation. Gene<span class="hlt">Friends</span> is available online at: http://genefriends.org/. PMID:23039964</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">327</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/885634"> <span id="translatedtitle">Radiological Toolbox <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A toolbox of radiological data has been assembled to provide <span class="hlt">users</span> access to the physical, chemical, anatomical, physiological and mathematical data relevant to the radiation protection of workers and member of the public. The software runs on a PC and provides <span class="hlt">users</span>, through a single graphical interface, quick access to contemporary data and the means to extract these data for further computations and analysis. The numerical data, for the most part, are stored within databases in SI units. However, the <span class="hlt">user</span> can display and extract values using non-SI units. This is the first release of the toolbox which was developed for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eckerman, KF</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">328</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/56954570"> <span id="translatedtitle">NFC-Based <span class="hlt">User</span> Interfaces</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Here, we discuss the potential of <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces built from NFC phones and NFC tags. We present these NFC-based <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces as components of interactive spaces, environments equipped with rich <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces and offering a large variety of services for <span class="hlt">users</span>. Moreover, we specify an interaction model for NFC-based <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces and a graphical language for advertising NFC tags. In</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jukka Riekki; Ivan Sanchez; Mikko Pyykkonen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">329</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.dfki.de/~wahlster/Publications/User_Models_in_Dialog_Systems.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Models in Dialog Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This chapter surveys the field of <span class="hlt">user</span> modeling in artificial intelligence dialog systems. First, reasons why <span class="hlt">user</span> modeling has become so important in the last few years are pointed out, and definitions are proposed for the terms '<span class="hlt">user</span> model' and '<span class="hlt">user</span> modeling component'. Research within and outside of artificial intelligence which is related to <span class="hlt">user</span> modeling in dialog systems is</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wolfgang Wahlster; Alfred Kobsa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">330</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Service+AND+Quality+AND+Gap%27s+AND+Model&pg=2&id=EJ633211"> <span id="translatedtitle">Perspectives on <span class="hlt">User</span> Satisfaction Surveys.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discusses academic libraries, digital environments, increasing competition, the relationship between service quality and <span class="hlt">user</span> satisfaction, and <span class="hlt">user</span> surveys. Describes the SERVQUAL model that measures service quality and <span class="hlt">user</span> satisfaction in academic libraries; considers gaps between <span class="hlt">user</span> expectations and managers' perceptions of <span class="hlt">user</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cullen, Rowena</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">331</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4089149"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microbial ‘old <span class="hlt">friends</span>’, immunoregulation and socioeconomic status</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The immune system evolved to require input from at least three sources that we collectively term the ‘old <span class="hlt">friends</span>’: (i) the commensal microbiotas transmitted by mothers and other family members; (ii) organisms from the natural environment that modulate and diversify the commensal microbiotas; and (iii) the ‘old’ infections that could persist in small isolated hunter-gatherer groups as relatively harmless subclinical infections or carrier states. These categories of organism had to be tolerated and co-evolved roles in the development and regulation of the immune system. By contrast, the ‘crowd infections’ (such as childhood virus infections) evolved later, when urbanization led to large communities. They did not evolve immunoregulatory roles because they either killed the host or induced solid immunity, and could not persist in hunter-gatherer groups. Because the western lifestyle and medical practice deplete the ‘old’ infections (for example helminths), immunoregulatory disorders have increased, and the immune system has become more dependent upon microbiotas and the natural environment. However, urbanization maintains exposure to the crowd infections that lack immunoregulatory roles, while accelerating loss of exposure to the natural environment. This effect is most pronounced in individuals of low socioeconomic status (SES) who lack rural second homes and rural holidays. Interestingly, large epidemiological studies indicate that the health benefits of living close to green spaces are most pronounced for individuals of low SES. Here we discuss the immunoregulatory role of the natural environment, and how this may interact with, and modulate, the proinflammatory effects of psychosocial stressors in low SES individuals. PMID:24401109</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rook, G A W; Raison, C L; Lowry, C A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">332</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3818457"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bonobos Protect and Console <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Kin</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Post-conflict third-party affiliation has been reported to have different functional meanings, one of them being consolation. Here, we tested the main hypotheses that have been put forth to explain the presence of this phenomenon at a functional level in the bonobo: Self-Protection Hypothesis, Victim-Protection Hypothesis, Relationship-Repair or Substitute for Reconciliation Hypothesis, and Consolation Hypothesis. By analyzing the data collected over 10 years, we investigated what factors affected the distribution of both spontaneous third party affiliation (initiated by the bystander) and solicited third party affiliation (initiated by the victim). We considered factors related to the individual features (sex, rank, age) of victim and bystander, their relationship quality (kinship, affiliation), and the effect that third party affiliation had on the victim (such as protection against further attacks and anxiety reduction). Both spontaneous and solicited third party affiliation reduced the probability of further aggression by group members on the victim (Victim-Protection Hypothesis supported). Yet, only spontaneous affiliation reduced victim anxiety (measured via self-scratching), thus suggesting that the spontaneous gesture – more than the protection itself – works in calming the distressed subject. The victim may perceive the motivational autonomy of the bystander, who does not require an invitation to provide post-conflict affiliative contact. Moreover, spontaneous - but not solicited - third party affiliation was affected by the bond between consoler and victim, being the relationship between consoler and aggressor irrelevant to the phenomenon distribution (Consolation Hypothesis supported). Spontaneous affiliation followed the empathic gradient described for humans, being mostly offered to kin, then <span class="hlt">friends</span>, then acquaintances. Overall, our findings do not only indicate the consolatory function of spontaneous third-party affiliation but they also suggest that consolation in the bonobo may be an empathy-based phenomenon. PMID:24223924</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Palagi, Elisabetta; Norscia, Ivan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">333</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.police.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Intimate-Partner-Violence-Brochure-11.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Don't ignore signs of abuse. Talk to your <span class="hlt">friend</span> about your</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Don't ignore signs of abuse. Talk to your <span class="hlt">friend</span> about your concerns. Don't pressure your <span class="hlt">friend</span>'s strengths. Many people in abusive relationships are no longer capable of seeing their own abilities. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ How to Help a <span class="hlt">Friend</span> WhoisaVictimof Abuse If a <span class="hlt">friend</span> tells you things that sound like his or her</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Slatton, Clint</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">334</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.green.colostate.edu/gold/pdfs/best-practices-alternative-transportation.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friends</span> Best Practices: Alternative Transportation The University Master Plan calls for a continuing move towards a more pedestrian <span class="hlt">friendly</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Friends</span> Best Practices: Alternative Transportation The University Master Plan calls, Colorado State aims to encourage alternative modes of transportation on campus, such as walking of all Colorado State University faculty, staff and students use alternative forms of transportation</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">335</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19920003229&hterms=resh&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dresh"> <span id="translatedtitle">Interactive Office <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Given here is a <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual for Interactive Office (IO), an executive office tool for organization and planning, written specifically for Macintosh. IO is a paperless management tool to automate a related group of individuals into one productive system.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Montgomery, Edward E.; Lowers, Benjamin; Nabors, Terri L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">336</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6813895"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bevalac <span class="hlt">user</span>'s handbook</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This report is a <span class="hlt">users</span> manual on the Bevalac accelerator facility. This paper discuses: general information; the Bevalac and its operation; major facilities and experimental areas; and experimental equipment.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Not Available</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">337</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/43095"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> driven product innovation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Accelerating diffusion of innovation to end <span class="hlt">users</span> and enabling faster adoption is essential to product developers, especially in the industries having a rapid pace of innovation. The ability of innovators to engage with ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nair, Jayraj</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">338</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://physics.ucsd.edu/neurophysics/Manuals/Tektronix/EN-TDS3VID.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Manual Extended Video</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">User</span> Manual TDS3VID Extended Video Application Module 071-0328-02 *P071032802* 071032802 #12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Accessing Extended Video Functions 7. . . . . . . . . . . . Extended Video Conventions 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changes to the Video Trigger Menu 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changes to the Display Menu 15</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kleinfeld, David</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">339</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/uwg/charter"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Working Group Charter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href=""></a></p> <p class="result-summary">... science discipline support communications with the general <span class="hlt">user</span> community, the EOSDIS Program and Project Scientists, and ... role in climate, atmospheric aerosols, and lower atmospheric chemistry). Membership is nominally for a term of three ASDC UWG meetings. ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-04-29</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">340</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1130247"> <span id="translatedtitle">VOLTTRON: <span class="hlt">User</span> Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This document is a <span class="hlt">user</span> guide for the deployment of the Transactional Network platform and agent/application development within the VOLTTRON. The intent of this <span class="hlt">user</span> guide is to provide a description of the functionality of the Transactional Network Platform. This document describes how to deploy the platform, including installation, use, guidance, and limitations. It also describes how additional features can be added to enhance its current functionality.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lutes, Robert G.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Akyol, Bora A.; Tenney, Nathan D.; Haack, Jereme N.; Monson, Kyle E.; Carpenter, Brandon J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-04-24</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous 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showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">341</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910022499&hterms=abc+system+Denmark&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3Dabc%2Bsystem%2BDenmark"> <span id="translatedtitle">ULDA <span class="hlt">user</span>'s guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Uniform Low Dispersion Archive (ULDA) is a software system which, in one sitting, allows one to obtain copies on one's personal computer of those International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) low dispersion spectra that are of interest to the <span class="hlt">user</span>. Overviews and use instructions are given for two programs, one to search for and select spectra, and the other to convert those spectra into a form suitable for the <span class="hlt">user</span>'s image processing system.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Perry, Charleen; Driessen, Cornelius; Pasian, Fabio</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">342</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20010115229&hterms=calculator&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dcalculator"> <span id="translatedtitle">FAST <span class="hlt">User</span> Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Flow Analysis Software Toolkit, FAST, is a software environment for visualizing data. FAST is a collection of separate programs (modules) that run simultaneously and allow the <span class="hlt">user</span> to examine the results of numerical and experimental simulations. The <span class="hlt">user</span> can load data files, perform calculations on the data, visualize the results of these calculations, construct scenes of 3D graphical objects, and plot, animate and record the scenes. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) visualization is the primary intended use of FAST, but FAST can also assist in the analysis of other types of data. FAST combines the capabilities of such programs as PLOT3D, RIP, SURF, and GAS into one environment with modules that share data. Sharing data between modules eliminates the drudgery of transferring data between programs. All the modules in the FAST environment have a consistent, highly interactive graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface. Most commands are entered by pointing and'clicking. The modular construction of FAST makes it flexible and extensible. The environment can be custom configured and new modules can be developed and added as needed. The following modules have been developed for FAST: VIEWER, FILE IO, CALCULATOR, SURFER, TOPOLOGY, PLOTTER, TITLER, TRACER, ARCGRAPH, GQ, SURFERU, SHOTET, and ISOLEVU. A utility is also included to make the inclusion of <span class="hlt">user</span> defined modules in the FAST environment easy. The VIEWER module is the central control for the FAST environment. From VIEWER, the <span class="hlt">user</span> can-change object attributes, interactively position objects in three-dimensional space, define and save scenes, create animations, spawn new FAST modules, add additional view windows, and save and execute command scripts. The FAST <span class="hlt">User</span> Guide uses text and FAST MAPS (graphical representations of the entire <span class="hlt">user</span> interface) to guide the <span class="hlt">user</span> through the use of FAST. Chapters include: Maps, Overview, Tips, Getting Started Tutorial, a separate chapter for each module, file formats, and system administration.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Walatka, Pamela P.; Clucas, Jean; McCabe, R. Kevin; Plessel, Todd; Potter, R.; Cooper, D. M. (Technical Monitor)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">343</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://labs.rightnow.com/colloquium/papers/weld-auto_personalize_UI.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Automatically Personalizing <span class="hlt">User</span> Interfaces</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Todays computer interfaces are one-size-fits-all. <span class="hlt">Users</span> with little programming experience have very limited opportunities to customize an inter- face to their task and work habits. Furthermore, the overhead induced by generic interfaces will be proportionately greater on small form-factor PDAs, embedded applications and wearable devices. Au- tomatic personalization may greatly enhance <span class="hlt">user</span> productivity, but it requires advances in customiza- tion</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Daniel S. Weld; Corin R. Anderson; Pedro Domingos; Oren Etzioni; Krzysztof Gajos; Tessa A. Lau; Steven A. Wolfman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">344</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10186598"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hanford inventory program <span class="hlt">user`s</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Provides <span class="hlt">users</span> with instructions and information about accessing and operating the Hanford Inventory Program (HIP) system. The Hanford Inventory Program is an integrated control system that provides a single source for the management and control of equipment, parts, and material warehoused by Westinghouse Hanford Company in various site-wide locations. The inventory is comprised of spare parts and equipment, shop stock, special tools, essential materials, and convenience storage items. The HIP replaced the following systems; ACA, ASP, PICS, FSP, WSR, STP, and RBO. In addition, HIP manages the catalog maintenance function for the General Supplies inventory stocked in the 1164 building and managed by WIMS.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hinkelman, K.C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-09-12</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">345</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/230637"> <span id="translatedtitle">Metadata: A <span class="hlt">user`s</span> view</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An analysis is presented of the uses of metadata from four aspects of database operations: (1) search, query, retrieval, (2) ingest, quality control, processing, (3) application to application transfer; (4) storage, archive. Typical degrees of database functionality ranging from simple file retrieval to interdisciplinary global query with metadatabase-<span class="hlt">user</span> dialog and involving many distributed autonomous databases, are ranked in approximate order of increasing sophistication of the required knowledge representation. An architecture is outlined for implementing such functionality in many different disciplinary domains utilizing a variety of off the shelf database management subsystems and processor software, each specialized to a different abstract data model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bretherton, F.P. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Singley, P.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-12-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">346</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED173846.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Users</span> of Cable TV Access Channels: A Study of the Diffusion and Adoption of a Communications Innovation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A mail survey of 91 past and present <span class="hlt">users</span> of the community programing (public access) channels in the Toronto, Canada, area revealed that personal contact is most important in the diffusion of knowledge about access opportunities. <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and colleagues were the most often cited initial source of information; but contact by the cable company…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sparkes, Vernone M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">347</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=124875"> <span id="translatedtitle">GEOSTATISTICS FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT: A <span class="hlt">USER</span>'S MANUEL FOR THE GEOPACK (VERSION 1.0) GEOSTATISTICAL SOFTWARE SYSTEM</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A comprehensive, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> geostatistical software system called GEOPACk has been developed. The purpose of this software is to make available the programs necessary to undertake a geostatistical analysis of spatially correlated data. The programs were written so that they ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">348</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=31115"> <span id="translatedtitle">GEOSTATISTICS FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT: A <span class="hlt">USER</span>'S MANUAL FOR THE GEOPAK (VERSION 1.0) GEOSTATISTICAL SOFTWARE SYSTEM</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A comprehensive, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> geostatistical software system called GEOPACk has been developed. he purpose of this software is to make available the programs necessary to undertake a geostatistical analysis of spatially correlated data. he programs were written so that they can ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">349</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/371085"> <span id="translatedtitle">OPTIGRAMI V2 <span class="hlt">user`s</span> guide. Forest Service general technical report (Final)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">OPTIGRAMI V2 is a computer program available for IBM compatible personal computers with 80286 and higher processors. OPTIGRAMI V2 determines the least-cost lumber grade mix required to produce a given cutting order for clear parts from rough lumber of known grades in a crosscut-first rough mill operation. It is a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> integrated application that includes optimization for species graded under standard National Hardwood Lumber Association grade rules, as well as yellow-poplar and black walnut. Output information includes: gross volume of lumber required in each lumber grade, estimated total production cost, board footage of parts generated, percent yield, and range of costs within each lumber grade for which the given solution is valid.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lawson, P.S.; Thomas, R.E.; Walker, E.S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-07-25</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">350</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013NatSR...3E2266A"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fast and <span class="hlt">accurate</span> automated cell boundary determination for fluorescence microscopy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Detailed measurement of cell phenotype information from digital fluorescence images has the potential to greatly advance biomedicine in various disciplines such as patient diagnostics or drug screening. Yet, the complexity of cell conformations presents a major barrier preventing effective determination of cell boundaries, and introduces measurement error that propagates throughout subsequent assessment of cellular parameters and statistical analysis. State-of-the-art image segmentation techniques that require <span class="hlt">user</span>-interaction, prolonged computation time and specialized training cannot adequately provide the support for high content platforms, which often sacrifice resolution to foster the speedy collection of massive amounts of cellular data. This work introduces a strategy that allows us to rapidly obtain <span class="hlt">accurate</span> cell boundaries from digital fluorescent images in an automated format. Hence, this new method has broad applicability to promote biotechnology.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Arce, Stephen Hugo; Wu, Pei-Hsun; Tseng, Yiider</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">351</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://search.asee.org/search/fetch?url=file%3A%2F%2Flocalhost%2FE%3A%2Fsearch%2Fconference%2F17%2FAC%25202008Full1108.pdf&index=conference_papers&space=129746797203605791716676178&type=application%2Fpdf&charset="> <span id="translatedtitle">Eco-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Business Practices Can Create Opportunities For Innovation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Global warming, along with other ecological concerns have made environmental health a national and global issue in every industry. The social, governmental and economic pressures have created the need for companies to develop eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> business practices while maintaining efficiency. For decades, scientists and environmental groups have been warning industry, consumers and governmental leaders about the drastic effects of pollution and the depletion of natural resources. However, only recently have companies begun to recognize the opportunities created when implementing strategies to address environmental concerns. Traditionally, business leaders regarded the environment and natural resources as unlimited factors of production that were readily available at little or no cost. Today, the concerns about pollution and the need for the efficient use of resources are forcing companies throughout the world to reevaluate their operations in order to become more ecologically conscious while remaining competitive. Fortunately, due to creative problem-solving and a greater understanding of eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> business practices, companies are discovering that they can satisfy environmental concerns, while simultaneously cutting energy costs, boosting productivity and promoting innovation. The recognition of eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> business practices as win-win opportunities are encouraging more companies to undertake these initiatives. Conversely, those organizations that arent eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> and fail to address ecological concerns will forgo the opportunities for positive change and suffer financially in the long run. As future environmental managers and industry leaders, engineering and technology students need to understand the benefits of eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> business practices. Consequently, it is important for their academic programs to provide students with an understanding of environmental health and related concerns. This paper will describe how companies can use eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> business practices as opportunities to promote innovation. The paper will identify the benefits to business organizations and the environment when eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> business practices are implemented.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McFarlane, Opal</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">352</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19690000242&hterms=arg&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3Darg"> <span id="translatedtitle">Remote balance weighs <span class="hlt">accurately</span> amid high radiation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Commercial beam-type balance, modified and outfitted with electronic controls and digital readout, can be remotely controlled for use in high radiation environments. This allows <span class="hlt">accurate</span> weighing of breeder-reactor fuel pieces when they are radioactively hot.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eggenberger, D. N.; Shuck, A. B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1969-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">353</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19660000253&hterms=styrofoam&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dstyrofoam"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mill profiler machines soft materials <span class="hlt">accurately</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mill profiler machines bevels, slots, and grooves in soft materials, such as styrofoam phenolic-filled cores, to any desired thickness. A single operator can <span class="hlt">accurately</span> control cutting depths in contour or straight line work.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rauschl, J. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1966-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">354</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/33912"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> capacitive metrology for atomic force microscopy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This thesis presents <span class="hlt">accurate</span> capacitive sensing metrology designed for a prototype atomic force microscope (AFM) originally developed in the MIT Precision Motion Control Lab. The capacitive measurements use a set of ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mazzeo, Aaron D. (Aaron David), 1979-</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">355</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cgg.cvut.cz/~havran/ARTICLES/filip13brdf_poster.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">BRDF Slices: <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Adaptive Anisotropic Appearance Acquisition</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">' & $ % BRDF Slices: <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Adaptive Anisotropic Appearance Acquisition Jir´i Filip1 Radom´ir V´avra {filipj,vavra,haindl,zid,krupimik}@utia.cas.cz, havran@fel.cvut.cz We introduce unique publicly available</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Havran, Vlastimil</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">356</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20020040976&hterms=pitfalls&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dpitfalls"> <span id="translatedtitle">Determination of Highly <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Heats of Formation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Two approaches for directly computing a molecular heat of formation based on sophisticated ab initio electronic structure theory axe discussed and example calculations are presented for several molecules of interest in atmospheric chemistry including HNO and CICN. The accuracy of these approaches for a small subset of the molecules is demonstrated by comparison to very <span class="hlt">accurate</span> experimental data. A third approach for evaluating <span class="hlt">accurate</span> heats of formation consists of combining experimental and theoretical data. The potential for this method to provide reliable thermochemical data on many molecules using <span class="hlt">accurate</span> experimental beats of formation for only a small number of species is demonstrated by giving <span class="hlt">accurate</span> (Delta)H(sup 0, sub f) quantities for a host of fluorine, chlorine, and bromine oxide and nitrogen oxide compounds. Potential pitfalls in all three approaches are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lee, Timothy J.; Langhoff, Stephen R. (Technical Monitor)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">357</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AcAau..63..848H"> <span id="translatedtitle">The "Digital <span class="hlt">Friend</span>": A knowledge-based decision support system for space crews</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Space travel of far distances presents exceptional strain on the medical and psychological well-being of the astronauts who undertake such missions. An intelligent knowledge management system has been developed, to assist space crews on long-duration missions as an autonomous decision support system, called the "Digital <span class="hlt">Friend</span>". This system will become available upon request for the purpose of coaching group processes and individual performance levels as well as aiding in tactical decision processes by taking crew condition parameters into account. In its initial stage, the "Digital <span class="hlt">Friend</span>" utilizes interconnected layers of knowledge, which encompass relevant models of operational, situational, individual psycho-physiological as well as group processes. An example is the human life science model that contains historic, diagnostic, and prognostic knowledge about the habitual, actual, and anticipated patterns of physiological, cognitive, and group psychology parameters of the crew members. Depending on the available data derived from pre-mission screening, regular check-ups, or non-intrusive onboard monitoring, the "Digital <span class="hlt">Friend</span>" can generate a situational analysis and diagnose potential problems. When coping with the effects of foreseeable and unforeseen stressors encountered during the mission, the system can provide feedback and support the crew with a recommended course of actions. The first prototype of the "Digital <span class="hlt">Friend</span>" employs the Neurolab/Healthlab platform developed in a cooperation of DLR and IBMP. The prototype contains psycho-physiological sensors with multiple Heally Satellites that relay data to the intelligent Heally Masters and a telemetric Host station. The analysis of data from a long-term simulation study illustrates how the system can be used to estimate the operators' current level of skill reliability based on Salnitski's model [V. Salnitski, A. Bobrov, A. Dudukin, B. Johannes, Reanalysis of operators reliability in professional skills under simulated and real space flight conditions, Proceedings of the 55th IAC Congress, 4-8 October 2004, Vancouver, Canada <http://pdf.aiaa.org/preview/CDReadyMIAF04_1072/PVIAC-04-G.5.B.08.pdf>], which combines time-series information of work performance and of work effort. In further collaborative projects, the subsequent system development will pursue a series of studies in related terrestrial environments to validate and fabricate different sensor systems, as well as to tune the data-processing engine and to test suitable <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hoermann, Hans-Juergen; Johannes, Bernd; Petrovich Salnitski, Vyacheslav</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">358</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=digital+AND+documentation&pg=5&id=EJ599737"> <span id="translatedtitle">Creating <span class="hlt">User</span>-Centered Instructions for Novice End-<span class="hlt">Users</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discusses written instructional materials created by librarians for end <span class="hlt">users</span> searching database systems. Highlights include novice <span class="hlt">user</span> studies; the importance of print instruction in digital information environments; a paradigm shift from system-centered to <span class="hlt">user</span>-centered focuses in technical writing and <span class="hlt">user</span> documentation for software; and…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nahl, Diane</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">359</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.327.9889&rank=7&rep=rep1&type=pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Methylenedioxymethamphetamine in Recreational <span class="hlt">Users</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; Ecstasy) is a serotonergic neurotoxin in laboratory animals that has been used for recreational purposes by humans. The subjective effects of this drug were determined in recreational <span class="hlt">users</span> at a university campus. Of individuals who had admitted to using MDMA recreationally, 100 of 1143 agreed to complete a detailed questionnaire concerning the subjective effects of this Schedule I compound. The most common effect of MDMA was a heightened sense of “closeness ” with other people (90 % of subjects). Tachycardia, dry mouth, bruxism and/or trismus were reported by the majority of <span class="hlt">users</span>. These effects probably result from the amphetaminelike properties of the drug. Visual hallucinations were reported by 20 % of <span class="hlt">users</span>. Untoward side effects were most common on the day following the use of MDMA, with complaints of muscle aches, fatiguability; depression, and difficulty concentrating noted by 21 % to 36 % of subjects. Sixty-seven percent of frequent <span class="hlt">users</span> of the drug (six or more separate doses) reported that the “positive ” effects of the drug decreased with successive doses while the “negative ” effects increased. Although these observations should be considered preliminary, they represent the first documentation of the subjective effects of MDMA in recreational <span class="hlt">users</span> and confirm previous reports obtained — from patients treated with this</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stephen J. Peroutka, Ph.D.; Holly Newman; Hilary Harris</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">360</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25262021"> <span id="translatedtitle">The effect of <span class="hlt">friend</span> selection on social influences in obesity.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present an agent-based model of weight choice and peer selection that simulates the effect of peer selection on social multipliers for weight loss interventions. The model generates social clustering around weight through two mechanisms: a causal link from others' weight to an individual's weight and the propensity to select peers based on weight. We simulated weight loss interventions and tried to identify intervention targets that maximized the spillover of weight loss from intervention participants to nonparticipants. Social multipliers increase with the number of intervention participants' <span class="hlt">friends</span>. For example, when <span class="hlt">friend</span> selection was based on a variable exogenous to weight, the weight lost among non-participants increased by 23% (14.3lb vs. 11.6lb) when targeting the most popular obese. Holding constant the number of participants' <span class="hlt">friends</span>, multipliers increase with increased weight clustering due to selection, up to a point. For example, among the most popular obese, social multipliers when matching on a characteristic correlated with weight (1.189) were higher than when matching on the exogenous characteristic (1.168) and when matching on weight (1.180). Increased weight clustering also implies more obese "<span class="hlt">friends</span> of <span class="hlt">friends</span>" of participants, who reduce social multipliers. PMID:25262021</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Trogdon, Justin G; Allaire, Benjamin T</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">361</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1165507"> <span id="translatedtitle">AUTOMATED, HIGHLY <span class="hlt">ACCURATE</span> VERIFICATION OF RELAP5-3D</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Computer programs that analyze light water reactor safety solve complex systems of governing, closure and special process equations to model the underlying physics. In addition, these programs incorporate many other features and are quite large. RELAP5-3D[1] has over 300,000 lines of coding for physics, input, output, data management, <span class="hlt">user</span>-interaction, and post-processing. For software quality assurance, the code must be verified and validated before being released to <span class="hlt">users</span>. Verification ensures that a program is built right by checking that it meets its design specifications. Recently, there has been an increased importance on the development of automated verification processes that compare coding against its documented algorithms and equations and compares its calculations against analytical solutions and the method of manufactured solutions[2]. For the first time, the ability exists to ensure that the data transfer operations associated with timestep advancement/repeating and writing/reading a solution to a file have no unintended consequences. To ensure that the code performs as intended over its extensive list of applications, an automated and highly <span class="hlt">accurate</span> verification method has been modified and applied to RELAP5-3D. Furthermore, mathematical analysis of the adequacy of the checks used in the comparisons is provided.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">George L Mesina; David Aumiller; Francis Buschman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">362</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19940008927&hterms=corporate+communication+managers&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dcorporate%2Bcommunication%2Bmanagers"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> observations on information sharing (corporate knowledge and lessons learned)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The sharing of 'corporate knowledge' and lessons learned in the NASA aerospace community has been identified by Johnson Space Center survey participants as a desirable tool. The concept of the program is based on creating a <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> information system that will allow engineers, scientists, and managers at all working levels to share their information and experiences with other <span class="hlt">users</span> irrespective of location or organization. The survey addresses potential end uses for such a system and offers some guidance on the development of subsequent processes to ensure the integrity of the information shared. This system concept will promote sharing of information between NASA centers, between NASA and its contractors, between NASA and other government agencies, and perhaps between NASA and institutions of higher learning.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Montague, Ronald A.; Gregg, Lawrence A.; Martin, Shirley A.; Underwood, Leroy H.; Mcgee, John M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">363</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5612"> <span id="translatedtitle">GRSAC <span class="hlt">Users</span> Manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An interactive workstation-based simulation code (GRSAC) for studying postulated severe accidents in gas-cooled reactors has been developed to accommodate <span class="hlt">user</span>-generated input with ''smart front-end'' checking. Code features includes on- and off-line plotting, on-line help and documentation, and an automated sensitivity study option. The code and its predecessors have been validated using comparisons with a variety of experimental data and similar codes. GRSAC model features include a three-dimensional representation of the core thermal hydraulics, and optional ATWS (anticipated transients without scram) capabilities. The <span class="hlt">user</span> manual includes a detailed description of the code features, and includes four case studies which guide the <span class="hlt">user</span> through four different examples of the major uses of GRSAC: an accident case; an initial conditions setup and run; a sensitivity study; and the setup of a new reactor model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ball, S.J.; Nypaver, D.J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">364</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10180357"> <span id="translatedtitle">Anaerobic digestion analysis model: <span class="hlt">User`s</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Anaerobic Digestion Analysis Model (ADAM) has been developed to assist investigators in performing preliminary economic analyses of anaerobic digestion processes. The model, which runs under Microsoft Excel{trademark}, is capable of estimating the economic performance of several different waste digestion process configurations that are defined by the <span class="hlt">user</span> through a series of option selections. The model can be used to predict required feedstock tipping fees, product selling prices, utility rates, and raw material unit costs. The model is intended to be used as a tool to perform preliminary economic estimates that could be used to carry out simple screening analyses. The model`s current parameters are based on engineering judgments and are not reflective of any existing process; therefore, they should be carefully evaluated and modified if necessary to reflect the process under consideration. The accuracy and level of uncertainty of the estimated capital investment and operating costs are dependent on the accuracy and level of uncertainty of the model`s input parameters. The underlying methodology is capable of producing results <span class="hlt">accurate</span> to within {+-} 30% of actual costs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ruth, M.; Landucci, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">365</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10151275"> <span id="translatedtitle">Explosives Classifications Tracking System <span class="hlt">User</span> Manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Explosives Classification Tracking System (ECTS) presents information and data for U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) explosives classifications of interest to EM-561, Transportation Management Division, other DOE facilities, and contractors. It is intended to be useful to the scientist, engineer, and transportation professional, who needs to classify or transport explosives. This release of the ECTS reflects upgrading of the software which provides the <span class="hlt">user</span> with an environment that makes comprehensive retrieval of explosives related information quick and easy. Quarterly updates will be provided to the ECTS throughout its development in FY 1993 and thereafter. The ECTS is a stand alone, single <span class="hlt">user</span> system that contains unclassified, publicly available information, and administrative information (contractor names, product descriptions, transmittal dates, EX-Numbers, etc.) information from many sources for non-decisional engineering and shipping activities. The data is the most up-to-date and <span class="hlt">accurate</span> available to the knowledge of the system developer. The system is designed to permit easy revision and updating as new information and data become available. These, additions and corrections are welcomed by the developer. This <span class="hlt">user</span> manual is intended to help the <span class="hlt">user</span> install, understand, and operate the system so that the desired information may be readily obtained, reviewed, and reported.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Genoni, R.P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">366</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2626660"> <span id="translatedtitle">Individual and social factors associated with participation in treatment programs for drug <span class="hlt">users</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Since only about one third of people who are dependent on drugs are in treatment, there is a need to promote both treatment entry and retention. Previous research has described the role of individual and social characteristics in drug treatment participation, but little is known about the interaction of individual and social factors. Injecting and non-injecting drug <span class="hlt">users</span> (2002–2004; N=581) were recruited in Baltimore, MD (SHIELD Study) and were administered a structured questionnaire. The mean age of participants was 43.6 years, 41% were female, 50% had high school education, and 16% self-reported being HIV infected. Logistic regression analyses of interaction terms revealed that compared to those with no plans to stop and no <span class="hlt">friends</span> encouraging them to enter treatment those who planned to cease drug use or whose <span class="hlt">friends</span> encouraged treatment were more likely to attend a 12-step program. Furthermore, compared to those with no problems with drug use and no <span class="hlt">friends</span> encouraging them to enter treatment those with greater perceived drug problem severity or with <span class="hlt">friends</span> encouraging treatment were more likely to attend methadone maintenance, as were those who did not receive free drugs from others. The influence of <span class="hlt">friends</span> may have a crucial modifying effect by getting into treatment less addicted individuals who have higher chances of successful recovery. PMID:19016169</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gyarmathy, V. Anna; Latkin, Carl A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">367</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/473302"> <span id="translatedtitle">Intelligent <span class="hlt">User</span> Interfaces: An Introduction</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Intelligent <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces promise to improve the interac- tion for all. Drawing upon material from the recently com- pleted Readings in Intelligent <span class="hlt">User</span> Interfaces (IUI) (May- bury and Wahlster, 1998), this tutorial will define terms, outline the history, describe key subfields, and exemplify and demonstrate intelligent <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces in action. Intelligent <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces (IUI) are human-machine inter- faces that aim</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mark T. Maybury</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">368</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013sgfg.book..461B"> <span id="translatedtitle">PALP -- a <span class="hlt">user</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article provides a complete <span class="hlt">user</span>'s guide to version 2.1 of the toric geometry package PALP by Maximilian Kreuzer and others. In particular, previously undocumented applications such as the program Nef.X are discussed in detail. New features of PALP 2.1 include an extension of the program mori.x which can now compute Mori cones and intersection rings of arbitrary dimension and can also take specific triangulations of reflexive polytopes as input. Furthermore, the program nef.x is enhanced by an option that allows the <span class="hlt">user</span> to enter reflexive Gorenstein cones as input. The present documentation is complemented by a Wiki which is available online.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Braun, Andreas P.; Knapp, Johanna; Scheidegger, Emanuel; Skarke, Harald; Walliser, Nils-Ole</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">369</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19880012262&hterms=care+care&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dcare%2Bcare"> <span id="translatedtitle">CARE 3 <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Workshop</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A <span class="hlt">user</span>'s workshop for CARE 3, a reliability assessment tool designed and developed especially for the evaluation of high reliability fault tolerant digital systems, was held at NASA Langley Research Center on October 6 to 7, 1987. The main purpose of the workshop was to assess the evolutionary status of CARE 3. The activities of the workshop are documented and papers are included by <span class="hlt">user</span>'s of CARE 3 and NASA. Features and limitations of CARE 3 and comparisons to other tools are presented. The conclusions to a workshop questionaire are also discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">370</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002iaf..confE.582K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Satellite-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Protocols and Standards</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We are currently observing a development unprecedented with other services, the enormous growth of the Internet. Video, voice and data applications can be supported via this network in high quality. Multi-media applications require high bandwidth which may not be available in many areas. When making proper use of the broadcast feature of a communications satellite, the performance of the satellite-based system can compare favourably to terrestrial solutions. Internet applications are in many cases highly asymmetric, making them very well suited to applications using small and inexpensive terminals. Data from one source may be used simultaneously by a large number of <span class="hlt">users</span>. The Internet protocol suite has become the de-facto standard. But this protocol family in its original form has not been designed to support guaranteed quality of service, a prerequisite for real-time, high quality traffic. The Internet Protocol has to be adapted for the satellite environment, because long roundtrip delays and the error behaviour of the channel could make it inefficient over a GEO satellite. Another requirement is to utilise the satellite bandwidth as efficiently as possible. This can be achieved by adapting the access system to the nature of IP frames, which are variable in length. In the framework of ESA's ARTES project a novel satellite multimedia system was developed which utilises Multi-Frequency TDMA in a meshed network topology. The system supports Quality of Service (QoS) by reserving capacity with different QoS requirements. The system is centrally controlled by a master station with the implementation of a demand assignment (DAMA) system. A lean internal signalling system has been adopted. Network management is based on the SNMP protocol and industry-standard network management platforms, making interfaces to standard accounting and billing systems easy. Modern communication systems will have to be compliant to different standards in a very flexible manner. The developed system is based on a hardware architecture using FPGAs (Field-Programmable Gate Arrays). This provides means to configure the satellite gateway for different standards and to optimise the transmission parameters for varying <span class="hlt">user</span> traffic, thus increasing the efficiency significantly. The paper describes the flexible system architecture and focuses particularly on the DAMA access scheme and the chosen quality-of-service implementation. Emphasis has been put on the support of IP Version 6. Different standards (e.g. RCS and possible follow-ups) and the possibility to support them are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koudelka, O.; Schmidt, M.; Ebert, J.; Schlemmer, H.; Kastner, S.; Riedler, W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">371</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6933214"> <span id="translatedtitle">Benchmarking your benchmarks: a <span class="hlt">user</span>'s perspective</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper is intended for anyone faced with the responsibility for computer hardware or software selection. The content is biased toward administrative considerations, although some technical issues are presented. The basic goal is to promote a role for benchmarking in the computer acquisition process that is significantly broader than that commonly employed. We attempt to do this by showing how a thorough benchmarking effort (in the usual sense) did not provide sufficient information to <span class="hlt">accurately</span> predict <span class="hlt">user</span> satisfaction and productivity. We describe other measures of a system's properties that should be included in benchmarking.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brice, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">372</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1157007"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cyber <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Fire: Research Challenges for Security Informatics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper addresses cognitive implications and research needs surrounding the problem of cyber <span class="hlt">friendly</span> fire (FF). We define cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintention-ally harms the mission effectiveness of <span class="hlt">friendly</span> or neutral forces. Just as with combat <span class="hlt">friendly</span> fire, maintaining situation awareness (SA) is paramount to avoiding cyber FF incidents. Cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system’s topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system and its nodes, the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive and offensive countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. Mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF— including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches—are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-06-06</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">373</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AAS...21912404P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Getting to Family-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> in Your Department</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">These days, most academic and research institutions recognize the importance of a family-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> workplace, and have implemented at least some policies to support a sustainable work-life balance: family and medical leave, parental leave, stopping or extending tenure clocks, modified duty policies, breast feeding policies and lactation rooms, partner hiring programs, childcare programs, eldercare programs, emergency and sick child care programs, dependent care travel funds, etc. But while institutions may offer a menu of policies and free or low-cost services to support families, what's happening in your department? Achieving a supportive workplace culture requires that we dispel some of the myths associated with family-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> policies, and establish that family-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> policies not only benefit all employees, but also help the institution be more successful.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pilachowski, Catherine A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">374</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3269967"> <span id="translatedtitle">Summary Report on the Graded Prognostic Assessment: An <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> and Facile Diagnosis-Specific Tool to Estimate Survival for Patients With Brain Metastases</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose Our group has previously published the Graded Prognostic Assessment (GPA), a prognostic index for patients with brain metastases. Updates have been published with refinements to create diagnosis-specific Graded Prognostic Assessment indices. The purpose of this report is to present the updated diagnosis-specific GPA indices in a single, unified, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> report to allow ease of access and use by treating physicians. Methods A multi-institutional retrospective (1985 to 2007) database of 3,940 patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases underwent univariate and multivariate analyses of prognostic factors associated with outcomes by primary site and treatment. Significant prognostic factors were used to define the diagnosis-specific GPA prognostic indices. A GPA of 4.0 correlates with the best prognosis, whereas a GPA of 0.0 corresponds with the worst prognosis. Results Significant prognostic factors varied by diagnosis. For lung cancer, prognostic factors were Karnofsky performance score, age, presence of extracranial metastases, and number of brain metastases, confirming the original Lung-GPA. For melanoma and renal cell cancer, prognostic factors were Karnofsky performance score and the number of brain metastases. For breast cancer, prognostic factors were tumor subtype, Karnofsky performance score, and age. For GI cancer, the only prognostic factor was the Karnofsky performance score. The median survival times by GPA score and diagnosis were determined. Conclusion Prognostic factors for patients with brain metastases vary by diagnosis, and for each diagnosis, a robust separation into different GPA scores was discerned, implying considerable heterogeneity in outcome, even within a single tumor type. In summary, these indices and related worksheet provide an <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and facile diagnosis-specific tool to estimate survival, potentially select appropriate treatment, and stratify clinical trials for patients with brain metastases. PMID:22203767</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sperduto, Paul W.; Kased, Norbert; Roberge, David; Xu, Zhiyuan; Shanley, Ryan; Luo, Xianghua; Sneed, Penny K.; Chao, Samuel T.; Weil, Robert J.; Suh, John; Bhatt, Amit; Jensen, Ashley W.; Brown, Paul D.; Shih, Helen A.; Kirkpatrick, John; Gaspar, Laurie E.; Fiveash, John B.; Chiang, Veronica; Knisely, Jonathan P.S.; Sperduto, Christina Maria; Lin, Nancy; Mehta, Minesh</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">375</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25349015"> <span id="translatedtitle">That's What <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Are For: Bystander Responses to <span class="hlt">Friends</span> or Strangers at Risk for Party Rape Victimization.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present research examined bystander responses to potential party rape scenarios involving either a <span class="hlt">friend</span> or a stranger at risk. Undergraduate students (N = 151) imagined attending a party and seeing a man lead an intoxicated woman (<span class="hlt">friend</span> or stranger) into a bedroom. After random assignment to conditions, participants reported on intentions to help, barriers to helping, victim blame, and empathic concern. As expected, based on their shared social group membership, bystanders intended to offer more help to <span class="hlt">friends</span> than to strangers. Bystanders also reported more personal responsibility to help and more empathic concern when the potential victim was a <span class="hlt">friend</span> rather than stranger. Observing a <span class="hlt">friend</span> versus stranger at risk did not affect audience inhibition or perceived victim blame. Compared with women, men reported more blame and less empathic concern for potential victims. However, there were no gender differences in bystander intent to help or barriers to helping. In multivariate analyses, both responsibility to help and empathic concern for the potential victim uniquely predicted bystanders' intent to help a woman at risk for party rape. Results suggest that promoting social identification with peers at risk could increase bystander intervention. PMID:25349015</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Katz, Jennifer; Pazienza, Rena; Olin, Rachel; Rich, Hillary</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-10-27</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">376</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20110013583&hterms=unix&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dunix"> <span id="translatedtitle">Power <span class="hlt">User</span> Interface</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Power <span class="hlt">User</span> Interface 5.0 (PUI) is a system of middleware, written for expert <span class="hlt">users</span> in the Earth-science community, PUI enables expedited ordering of data granules on the basis of specific granule-identifying information that the <span class="hlt">users</span> already know or can assemble. PUI also enables expert <span class="hlt">users</span> to perform quick searches for orderablegranule information for use in preparing orders. PUI 5.0 is available in two versions (note: PUI 6.0 has command-line mode only): a Web-based application program and a UNIX command-line- mode client program. Both versions include modules that perform data-granule-ordering functions in conjunction with external systems. The Web-based version works with Earth Observing System Clearing House (ECHO) metadata catalog and order-entry services and with an open-source order-service broker server component, called the Mercury Shopping Cart, that is provided separately by Oak Ridge National Laboratory through the Department of Energy. The command-line version works with the ECHO metadata and order-entry process service. Both versions of PUI ultimately use ECHO to process an order to be sent to a data provider. Ordered data are provided through means outside the PUI software system.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pfister, Robin; McMahon, Joe</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">377</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://w3.pppl.gov/tftr/helpdocs/mingl/mingl.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">USER</span>'S GUIDE DATABASE SYSTEM</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">USER</span>'S GUIDE TO THE MINGL DATABASE SYSTEM FOR TFTR Version 4.1 R. M. Wieland Plasma Physics blank] #12;1 Abstract The MINGL database system is an integrated set of tools which is used to collect relational databases. A flexible software tool set makes it easy to browse, select, compare and display</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">378</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/919089"> <span id="translatedtitle">The “VIM” <span class="hlt">users</span> group</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The “VIM” <span class="hlt">Users</span> organization was established in 1965 and subsequently incorporated in 1970. The letters “VIM”, as suggested by Professor Max Goldstein of NYU, were originally meant to represent 6000 in Pseudo-Roman numerals. To qualify for membership, an organization must have installed or on order a CDC 6000, 7000, CYBER 70 or CYBER 170 series computer. VIM INC presently consists</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F. William Rambo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1975-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">379</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19720006202&hterms=peruvian+rural+secondary&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dperuvian%2Brural%2Bsecondary"> <span id="translatedtitle">EREP <span class="hlt">users</span> handbook</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Revised Skylab spacecraft, experiments, and mission planning information is presented for the Earth Resources Experiment Package (EREP) <span class="hlt">users</span>. The major hardware elements and the medical, scientific, engineering, technology and earth resources experiments are described. Ground truth measurements and EREP data handling procedures are discussed. The mission profile, flight planning, crew activities, and aircraft support are also outlined.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1971-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">380</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=university+AND+alberta&pg=7&id=ED463762"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Authentication. SPEC Kit.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This SPEC (Systems and Procedures Exchange Center) Kit presents the results of a survey of Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member libraries designed to examine the systems research libraries use to authenticate and authorize the <span class="hlt">users</span> of their online networked information resources. A total of 52 of 121 ARL member libraries responded to…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Plum, Terry, Comp.; Bleiler, Richard, Comp.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a 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class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">381</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/12901635"> <span id="translatedtitle">Perceptual <span class="hlt">User</span> Interfaces</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">For some time, graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces (GUIs) have been the dominant platform for human computer interaction. The GUI-based style of interaction has made computers simpler and easier to use, especially for office productivity applications where computers are used as tools to accomplish specific tasks. However, as the way we use computers changes and computing becomes more pervasive and ubiquitous, GUIs</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Matthew Turk</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">382</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19940025655&hterms=table+3-12+temporary&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dtable%2B3-12%2Btemporary"> <span id="translatedtitle">TOTAL <span class="hlt">user</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Semi-Markov models can be used to analyze the reliability of virtually any fault-tolerant system. However, the process of delineating all of the states and transitions in the model of a complex system can be devastatingly tedious and error-prone. Even with tools such as the Abstract Semi-Markov Specification Interface to the SURE Tool (ASSIST), the <span class="hlt">user</span> must describe a system by specifying the rules governing the behavior of the system in order to generate the model. With the Table Oriented Translator to the ASSIST Language (TOTAL), the <span class="hlt">user</span> can specify the components of a typical system and their attributes in the form of a table. The conditions that lead to system failure are also listed in a tabular form. The <span class="hlt">user</span> can also abstractly specify dependencies with causes and effects. The level of information required is appropriate for system designers with little or no background in the details of reliability calculations. A menu-driven interface guides the <span class="hlt">user</span> through the system description process, and the program updates the tables as new information is entered. The TOTAL program automatically generates an ASSIST input description to match the system description.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Johnson, Sally C.; Boerschlein, David P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">383</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=human+AND+machine+AND+interface&pg=6&id=EJ394020"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">User</span> Interface.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The first of three articles on the design of <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces for information retrieval systems discusses the need to examine types of display, prompting, and input as separate entities. The second examines the use of artificial intelligence in creating natural language interfaces, and the third outlines standards for case studies in human computer…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lindeman, Martha J.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">384</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.math.purdue.edu/resources/files/computing/cups_man.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">CUPS Software <span class="hlt">Users</span> Manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Printing Problem; The Technology; Jobs; Classes; Filters; Backends; Printer Drivers; Networking .... <span class="hlt">users</span> (and applications) can reap the benefits of this new technology with no changes. ... Each file or set of files that is submitted for printing is called a job. ..... Apple Operating System Development License Exception;.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Easy Software Products</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">385</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://arxiv.org/pdf/1205.3904.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Albert Einstein's close <span class="hlt">friends</span> and colleagues from the Patent Office</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the Patent Office Einstein hatched his most beautiful ideas, and there he spent his "Happy Bern Years". These wonderful ideas led to his miraculous year works of 1905. Einstein was not an expert in academic matters, and he was out of academic world. Neither did he meet influential professors, or attend academic meetings. He discussed his ideas with his close <span class="hlt">friends</span> and colleagues from the Patent Office. In 1907 he finally got his foot into the academic doorway; Einstein became a privatdozent and gave lectures at the University of Bern. However, his first students consisted again of his two close <span class="hlt">friends</span> and another colleague from the Patent Office.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Weinstein, Galina</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">386</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=plug-in&pg=2&id=EJ947694"> <span id="translatedtitle">Enabling <span class="hlt">User</span> to <span class="hlt">User</span> Interactions in Web Lectures with History-Aware <span class="hlt">User</span> Awareness</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a <span class="hlt">user</span> interface for web lectures for engaging with other <span class="hlt">users</span> while working with video based learning content. The application allows its <span class="hlt">users</span> to ask questions about the content and to get answers from those <span class="hlt">users</span> that currently online are more familiar with it. The filtering is based on the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ketterl, Markus; Mertens, Robert; Wiesen, Christoph; Vornberger, Oliver</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">387</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012NHESS..12.1701M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recommendations for the <span class="hlt">user</span>-specific enhancement of flood maps</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The European Union Floods Directive requires the establishment of flood maps for high risk areas in all European member states by 2013. However, the current practice of flood mapping in Europe still shows some deficits. Firstly, flood maps are frequently seen as an information tool rather than a communication tool. This means that, for example, local stocks of knowledge are not incorporated. Secondly, the contents of flood maps often do not match the requirements of the end-<span class="hlt">users</span>. Finally, flood maps are often designed and visualised in a way that cannot be easily understood by residents at risk and/or that is not suitable for the respective needs of public authorities in risk and event management. The RISK MAP project examined how end-<span class="hlt">user</span> participation in the mapping process may be used to overcome these barriers and enhance the communicative power of flood maps, fundamentally increasing their effectiveness. Based on empirical findings from a participatory approach that incorporated interviews, workshops and eye-tracking tests, conducted in five European case studies, this paper outlines recommendations for <span class="hlt">user</span>-specific enhancements of flood maps. More specific, recommendations are given with regard to (1) appropriate stakeholder participation processes, which allow incorporating local knowledge and preferences, (2) the improvement of the contents of flood maps by considering <span class="hlt">user</span>-specific needs and (3) the improvement of the visualisation of risk maps in order to produce <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> and understandable risk maps for the <span class="hlt">user</span> groups concerned. Furthermore, "idealised" maps for different <span class="hlt">user</span> groups are presented: for strategic planning, emergency management and the public.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Meyer, V.; Kuhlicke, C.; Luther, J.; Fuchs, S.; Priest, S.; Dorner, W.; Serrhini, K.; Pardoe, J.; McCarthy, S.; Seidel, J.; Palka, G.; Unnerstall, H.; Viavattene, C.; Scheuer, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">388</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1086908"> <span id="translatedtitle">Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model: Offshore Wind <span class="hlt">User</span> Reference Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) model, developed by NREL and MRG & Associates, is a spreadsheet based input-output tool. JEDI is meant to be a <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span> and transparent tool to estimate potential economic impacts supported by the development and operation of offshore wind projects. This guide describes how to use the model as well as technical information such as methodology, limitations, and data sources.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lantz, E.; Goldberg, M.; Keyser, D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">389</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/3520658"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ontological issues in higher levels of information fusion: <span class="hlt">user</span> refinement of the fusion process</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Real-world data fusion systems process at the lowest level and combine data to a usable form for the human at the highest level. The functional role of the data fusion system is to provide timely and <span class="hlt">accurate</span> data to the <span class="hlt">user</span>. The focus of this paper is to address the <span class="hlt">user</span> needs for a fusion system based on the ontological</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Erik P. Blasch; S. Piano</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">390</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cs.cornell.edu/People/tj/publications/joachims_etal_05a.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurately</span> interpreting clickthrough data as implicit feedback</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper examines the reliability of implicit feedback generated from clickthrough data in WWW search. Analyzing the <span class="hlt">users</span>' decision process using eyetracking and comparing implicit feedback against manual relevance judgments, we conclude that clicks are informative but biased. While this makes the interpretation of clicks as absolute relevance judgments difficult, we show that relative preferences derived from clicks are reasonably</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thorsten Joachims; Laura A. Granka; Bing Pan; Helene Hembrooke; Geri Gay</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">391</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003SPIE.5095..315B"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> fusion to constrain SAR targeting for TSTs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) automatic target recognition (ATR) systems will not be effective and efficient without incorporating the <span class="hlt">user</span> in acquiring and identifying a target. Typically, a SAR-ATR goal is to automatically identify a target for a <span class="hlt">user</span>; however, in most cases, the data resolution and data availability is not <span class="hlt">accurate</span> enough to identify the target over all operating conditions. Furthermore, when the target acquisition and recognition cycle is time-constrained, it is important for the SAR-ATR system to quickly present the target list, which the <span class="hlt">user</span> can edit to reduce the target analysis time. In this paper, we explore <span class="hlt">user</span> capabilities to assist in a time-sensitive target [TST] recognition task by understanding: (1) <span class="hlt">user</span> needs, (2) SAR-ATR models and (3) simulation metrics for the SAR-ATR analysis. We utilize the <span class="hlt">User</span>-Fusion Model, introduced by Blasch and Plano, to analyze the interaction between an image-based SAR-ATR analysis and <span class="hlt">user</span> actions to facilitate a TST targeting task. Three metrics of throughput, timeliness, confidence, and accuracy are plotted in a novel 3D ROC curve for a given level of throughput to characterize a <span class="hlt">user</span>-SAR-ATR, USA) model evaluation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Blasch, Erik P.; Plano, Susan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">392</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007ASPC..377..237B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Webpages of Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory Library: Tools for <span class="hlt">Users</span> and for Librarians</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present poster has a double aim. First, it wants to illustrate the organization of information resources on the new library webpage. Second, it wants to show a software utility which has simplified the librarian's job in the maintenance of the website. The great demand for services and for information resources from <span class="hlt">users</span> was the main reason for changing the webpage. We analyze the development of the new home page to make it <span class="hlt">user</span> <span class="hlt">friendly</span>. Then, we present a practical tool. The library website has been developed using a templating tool, called the Perl Template Toolkit.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Baglioni, R.; Brunetti, F.; Gasperini, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">393</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.tiem.utk.edu/~gross/math151fall04/drug.test.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Drug testing example for conditional probability Suppose that a drug test for an illegal drug is such that it is 98% <span class="hlt">accurate</span> in the case of a</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Drug testing example for conditional probability Suppose that a drug test for an illegal drug is such that it is 98% <span class="hlt">accurate</span> in the case of a <span class="hlt">user</span> of that drug (e.g. it produces a positive result with probability .98 in the case that the tested individual uses the drug) and 90% <span class="hlt">accurate</span> in the case of a non</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gross, Louis J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">394</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800021819&hterms=Canberra&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3DCanberra"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> radio positions with the Tidbinbilla interferometer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Tidbinbilla interferometer, designed specifically to provide <span class="hlt">accurate</span> radio position measurements of compact radio sources in the Southern Hemisphere with high sensitivity using the 26 m and 64 m antennas of the Deep Space Network at Tidbinbilla, near Canberra, is discussed. The instrument also provides high accuracy flux density measurements for compact radio sources.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Batty, M. J.; Jauncey, D. J.; Rayner, P. T.; Gulkis, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">395</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cstr.inf.ed.ac.uk/downloads/publications/2004/shiga_ssw504.ps"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">ACCURATE</span> SPECTRAL ENVELOPE ESTIMATION FOR ARTICULATIONTOSPEECH SYNTHESIS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">to synthesise speech from articulator positions based on the search of a database composed of pairs<span class="hlt">ACCURATE</span> SPECTRAL ENVELOPE ESTIMATION FOR ARTICULATION­TO­SPEECH SYNTHESIS Yoshinori Shiga and Simon King Centre for Speech Technology Research, University of Edinburgh, U.K. yoshi</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Edinburgh, University of</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">396</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=health+AND+index+AND+measurement&id=EJ904196"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Assessment--Compelling Evidence for Practice</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Childhood overweight and obesity is a public health concern not just because of its growing prevalence but also for its serious and lasting health consequences. Though height and weight measures are easy to obtain and New Hampshire Head Start sites measure height and weight of their enrollees, there are numerous challenges related to <span class="hlt">accurate</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Flynn, Regina T.; Anderson, Ludmila; Martin, Nancy R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">397</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50865051"> <span id="translatedtitle">Steps toward <span class="hlt">accurate</span> math word problem translation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper, a novel multi-phase architecture for an <span class="hlt">accurate</span> math word translation system is proposed. This system, ¿MathMaster¿, was designed to help students to gradually develop skills required to solve math word problems. Math word problems are difficult for students because they require the student to comprehend the verbal problem, to identify relevant information in a word problem and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wanintorn Supap; Kanlaya Naruedomkul; Nick Cercone</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">398</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://public.lanl.gov/jt/Papers/aosvr-nc.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> On-line Support Vector Regression</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Batch implementations of support vector regression (SVR) are inefé cient when used in an on-line setting because they must be retrained from scratch every time the training set is modié ed. Following an incremen- tal support vector classié cation algorithm introduced by Cauwenberghs and Poggio (2001), we have developed an <span class="hlt">accurate</span> on-line support vec- tor regression (AOSVR) that efé ciently</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Junshui Ma; James Theiler; Simon Perkins</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">399</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/164922"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> and portable weigh-in-motion system for manifesting air cargo</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An automated and portable weigh-in-motion system has been developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the purpose of manifesting cargo onto aircraft. The system has an accuracv range of {plus_minus} 3.0% to {plus_minus} 6.0% measuring gross vehicle weight and locating the center of balance of moving vehicles at speeds of 1 to 5 mph. This paper reviews the control/<span class="hlt">user</span> interface system and weight determination algorithm developed to acquire, process, and interpret multiple sensor inputs. The development effort resulted in a self-zeroing, <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> system capable of weighing a wide range of vehicles in any random order. The control system is based on the STANDARD (STD) bus and incorporates custom-designed data acquisition and sensor fusion hardware controlled by a personal computer (PC) based single-board computer. The <span class="hlt">user</span> interface is written in the ``C`` language to display number of axles, axle weight, axle spacing, gross weight, and center of balance. The weighing algorithm developed will function with any linear weight sensor and a set of four axle switches per sensor.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nodine, R.N.; Scudiere, M.B.; Jordan, J.K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">400</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21389259"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">ACCURATE</span> UNIVERSAL MODELS FOR THE MASS ACCRETION HISTORIES AND CONCENTRATIONS OF DARK MATTER HALOS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A large amount of observations have constrained cosmological parameters and the initial density fluctuation spectrum to a very high accuracy. However, cosmological parameters change with time and the power index of the power spectrum dramatically varies with mass scale in the so-called concordance LAMBDACDM cosmology. Thus, any successful model for its structural evolution should work well simultaneously for various cosmological models and different power spectra. We use a large set of high-resolution N-body simulations of a variety of structure formation models (scale-free, standard CDM, open CDM, and LAMBDACDM) to study the mass accretion histories, the mass and redshift dependence of concentrations, and the concentration evolution histories of dark matter halos. We find that there is significant disagreement between the much-used empirical models in the literature and our simulations. Based on our simulation results, we find that the mass accretion rate of a halo is tightly correlated with a simple function of its mass, the redshift, parameters of the cosmology, and of the initial density fluctuation spectrum, which correctly disentangles the effects of all these factors and halo environments. We also find that the concentration of a halo is strongly correlated with the universe age when its progenitor on the mass accretion history first reaches 4% of its current mass. According to these correlations, we develop new empirical models for both the mass accretion histories and the concentration evolution histories of dark matter halos, and the latter can also be used to predict the mass and redshift dependence of halo concentrations. These models are <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and universal: the same set of model parameters works well for different cosmological models and for halos of different masses at different redshifts, and in the LAMBDACDM case the model predictions match the simulation results very well even though halo mass is traced to about 0.0005 times the final mass, when cosmological parameters and the power index of the initial density fluctuation spectrum have changed dramatically. Our model predictions also match the PINOCCHIO mass accretion histories very well, which are much independent of our numerical simulations and our definitions of halo merger trees. These models are also simple and easy to implement, making them very useful in modeling the growth and structure of dark matter halos. We provide appendices describing the step-by-step implementation of our models. A calculator which allows one to interactively generate data for any given cosmological model is provided on the Web, together with a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> code to make the relevant calculations and some tables listing the expected concentration as a function of halo mass and redshift in several popular cosmological models. We explain why LAMBDACDM and open CDM halos on nearly all mass scales show two distinct phases in their mass growth histories. We discuss implications of the universal relations we find in connection to the formation of dark matter halos in the cosmic density field.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhao, D. H.; Jing, Y. P. [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, CAS, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Mo, H. J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Boerner, G., E-mail: dhzhao@shao.ac.c [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> 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showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">401</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=peer+AND+learning+AND+higher+AND+education%3a+AND+learning+AND+other&pg=7&id=EJ1022359"> <span id="translatedtitle">Learning among Critical <span class="hlt">Friends</span> in the Instrumental Setting</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The article is based on a phenomenological way of thinking about knowledge and learning and will treat the concepts of response and critical <span class="hlt">friends</span> as ways of sharing experience in higher music education. The problem area I want to illuminate is how teachers, who educate musicians, can use and facilitate development of their students' skills…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ferm Thorgersen, Cecilia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">402</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=frail+AND+older&pg=5&id=EJ720157"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characteristics of Family/<span class="hlt">Friend</span> Care Networks of Frail Seniors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper tests assumptions often made by policy makers and practitioners that networks of family, <span class="hlt">friends</span>, and neighbours are able to provide sustained care to frail elderly Canadians. Using national survey data, we examined characteristics of the care networks of 1,104 seniors living with a long-term health problem. Care networks were found to…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fast, Janet; Keating, Norah Christine; Derksen, Linda; Otfinowski, Pam</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">403</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hal.inria.fr/docs/00/76/13/05/PDF/ly2012-pub00036371.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reservoir Sedimentation Different Type of Flushing -<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Flushing</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Reservoir Sedimentation Different Type of Flushing - <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Flushing Example of Genissiat Dam in water resources. Both companies have been working in close collaboration for years in hydrology. On the one hand, water resources demand increases with growing world population, while the capacity</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Boyer, Edmond</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">404</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Oakland%2cCA&pg=6&id=ED414071"> <span id="translatedtitle">Among <span class="hlt">Friends</span>: Classrooms Where Caring and Learning Prevail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">When children feel that they are among <span class="hlt">friends</span> in their schools and classrooms, they make the school community their own. Using classroom vignettes and collegial conversations, this book illustrates the creation of caring learning communities in six elementary school classrooms. Part 1 of the book, "Four Keys to Classroom Community," focuses on…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dalton, Joan; Watson, Marilyn</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">405</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37439548"> <span id="translatedtitle">Expectancy Violations in Relationships with <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Media Figures</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Expectancy violations can have damaging effects in social relationships, but their comparative effects on relationships with media figures has not been explored. A questionnaire was given to 125 undergraduates, measuring anticipated reductions in closeness to <span class="hlt">friends</span> and media figures as a result of three expectancy violations: moral, trust, and social. For both relationships, trust and social violations resulted in greater</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Elizabeth L. Cohen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">406</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20130008954&hterms=Petroleum&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DPetroleum"> <span id="translatedtitle">Environmentally <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Corrosion Preventative Compounds for Ground Support Structures</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The need to use environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> technologies throughout future space-related launch programs prompted a study aimed at replacing current petroleum and solvent-based Corrosion Preventive Compounds (CPCs) with environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> alternatives. The work in this paper focused on the identification and evaluation of environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> CPCs for use in protecting flight hardware and ground support equipment from atmospheric corrosion. CPCs are used as temporary protective coatings and must survive in the aggressive coastal marine environment that exists throughout the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. The different protection behaviors of fifteen different oily film CPCs, both common petroleum-based and newer environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> types, were evaluated on various steel and aluminum substrates. CPC and substrate systems were subjected to atmospheric testing at the Kennedy Space Center's Beachside Atmospheric Corrosion Test Site, as well as cyclic accelerated corrosion testing. Each CPC also underwent physical characterization and launch-related compatibility testing. The results for the fifteen CPC systems are presented in this paper.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Montgomery Eliza L.; Calle, Luz, Marina; Curran, Jerome P.; Kolody, Mark R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">407</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=oldenburg&pg=2&id=EJ730743"> <span id="translatedtitle">Adolescents' Interactions with a Best <span class="hlt">Friend</span>: Associations with Attachment Style</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study tested whether adolescents' attachment style is related to friendship interactions and perceptions of friendship quality. Attachment pairings were contrasted to examine whether dyad members' security of attachment or their models of others was more related to friendship. A total of 44 pairs of same-sex adolescent <span class="hlt">friends</span> were videotaped…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Weimer, Barbara L.; Kerns, Kathryn A.; Oldenburg, Christopher M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">408</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/Bulletins/PastBulletins2009.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">2009 <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.cancer.gov">Cancer.gov</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">409</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/Bulletins/PastBulletins2011.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">2011 <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.cancer.gov">Cancer.gov</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">410</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/Bulletins/PastBulletins2012.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">2012 <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.cancer.gov">Cancer.gov</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">411</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=independent+AND+director&pg=4&id=EJ838361"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Northside ISD Libraries Sets Sail</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Director of Library and Textbook services for the Northside Independent School District (NISD) Jana Knezek, had long wanted to create a <span class="hlt">Friends</span> group and she realized how beneficial it would be to have an organization in place that could serve as an advocate for school library issues. Jana temporarily put aside that desire and participated in…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hultgren, Joyce</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">412</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=vietnam&pg=2&id=EJ876641"> <span id="translatedtitle">Critical <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Group for EFL Teacher Professional Development</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For the best student outcomes, teachers need to engage in continuous professional development. As a result, models of teacher professional development have been developed, among which is the Critical <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Group (CFG) technique. However, whether it works well with EFL teachers in an Asian context like Vietnam, where EFL teachers in particular do…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vo, Long Thanh; Nguyen, Hoa Thi Mai</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">413</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/Bulletins/PastBulletins2013.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">2013 <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.cancer.gov">Cancer.gov</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">414</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.clemson.edu/forestres/alumni/spring_2008.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Forestry & Natural Resources Newsletter to Alumni and <span class="hlt">Friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">majors--conservation biology and natural resources management. For more information on these current1 Forestry & Natural Resources Newsletter to Alumni and <span class="hlt">Friends</span> © Spring 2008 Department News Welcome to the Department of Forestry and Natural Resources'first combined newsletter to all of our alumni</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bolding, M. Chad</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">415</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20110008386&hterms=persistent+contrail&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dpersistent%2Bcontrail"> <span id="translatedtitle">Concepts and Challenges for Environmentally <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> En Route Operations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Presented research on environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> en route traffic flow concepts incorporating models developed by basic climate research Developed an optimal contrail reduction trajectory concept. Integrated fuel flow, emissions and optimization models with FACET. Verified it against FAA emission models. Ability to conduct system level analysis of Traffic Flow Management concepts with minimal environmental impact.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sridhar, Banavar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">416</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://affect.media.mit.edu/pdfs/08.lee-etal-shybot-chi.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shybot: <span class="hlt">Friend</span>-Stranger Interaction for Children Living with Autism</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Shybot: <span class="hlt">Friend</span>-Stranger Interaction for Children Living with Autism Abstract This paper presents this simple social interaction to open up a new direction for intervention for children living with autism. We hope that from minimal social interaction, a child with autism or social anxiety disorders could</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">417</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/Bulletins/PastBulletins2010.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">2010 <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.cancer.gov">Cancer.gov</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to <span class="hlt">FRIENDS</span>-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">418</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nature.com/icb/journal/v85/n1/pdf/7100016a.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Immunopathogenesis of infectious disease: injury and death from <span class="hlt">friendly</span> fire</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">EDITORIAL Immunopathogenesis of infectious disease: injury and death from <span class="hlt">friendly</span> fire Immunology and Cell Biology (2007) 85, 5. doi:10.1038/sj.icb.7100016 Infectious diseases continue to be a major health and mortality resulting from infectious diseases remain a predicament. In addition, the emergence of new</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cai, Long</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">419</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=82&pg=3&id=EJ1010120"> <span id="translatedtitle">Peer Network Overlap in Twin, Sibling, and <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Dyads</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Research suggests that sibling–peer connections are important for understanding adolescent problem behaviors. Using a novel behavioral genetic design, the current study investigated peer network overlap in 300 child–child pairs (aged 7-13 years) in 5 dyad types: monozygotic (MZ), dizygotic twins, full siblings (FSs), <span class="hlt">friend</span> pairs, and virtual…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McGuire, Shirley; Segal, Nancy L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">420</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://al.odu.edu/womens_studies/resources/2012_FOWS_Dinner_Invite.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">2012 <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Women's Studies Annual Dinner Jehmu Greene</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">of leadership. She does so knowing that women are the key to changing our political landscapes. Please Join Us2012 <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Women's Studies Annual Dinner Jehmu Greene Women Transforming Political Landscapes Jehmu Greene will discuss women's contributions to the transformation of political leadership. Based</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a 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href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">421</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=evaluation+AND+learning&pg=2&id=EJ974269"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Practitioner <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> and Scientifically Robust Training Evaluation Approach</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose: This article seeks to review the current state of workplace learning evaluation, to set out the rationale for evaluation along with the barriers that practitioners face when seeking to assess the effectiveness of training and development. Finally, it aims to propose a scientifically robust and practitioner <span class="hlt">friendly</span> approach to evaluation.…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Griffin, Richard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">422</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/56949415"> <span id="translatedtitle">The eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> management of hotel industry</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The eco-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> management in the hotel industry is a practice of operating hotels through green technology. The hotel that uses the resources wisely; reduces the consumption of water and energy; produces minimum waste and recycles the waste; and has less impact on the environment is termed as a Green Hotel. The green hotels are aimed to save resources; reduce pollution</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kannan Subbiah; Suriyaprabha Kannan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">423</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=infants&pg=5&id=EJ907082"> <span id="translatedtitle">Peeking at the Relationship World of Infant <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Caregivers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This qualitative study aimed to explore how infants share and experience friendships and examine the role of infant caregivers in social and friendship experiences among infants. The data were collected through classroom observation over a semester. Findings yielded complex and rich social relationships that both infant <span class="hlt">friends</span> and caregivers…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shin, Minsun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">424</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=robin+AND+fogarty&pg=2&id=EJ565099"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Intelligence-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Classroom: It Just Makes Sense.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Intelligence-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> classrooms require a teaching/learning process governed by extant knowledge and theories about developing human beings' intellectual potential. Guidelines are based on setting a safe emotional climate, creating a rich learning environment, teaching the mind-tools and skills of life, developing learners' skillfulness,…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fogarty, Robin</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">425</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=extract+AND+understanding&pg=2&id=EJ978189"> <span id="translatedtitle">Children's Strategies for Making <span class="hlt">Friends</span> when Starting School</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Starting school is a critical and potentially stressful time for many young children, and having supportive relationships with parents, teachers and peers and <span class="hlt">friends</span> offer better outcomes for school adjustment and social relationships. This paper explores matters of friendship when young children are starting school, and how they initiate…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Danby, Susan; Thompson, Catherine; Theobald, Maryanne; Thorpe, Karen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">426</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=wax&pg=4&id=EJ414880"> <span id="translatedtitle">How to Keep Even Your Best <span class="hlt">Friend</span> from Getting Tenure.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Provides hints on composing letters of recommendation gleaned from a study of supporting letters submitted to the tenure and promotion committee at a large public university. To keep even their best <span class="hlt">friends</span> from getting tenure, letter writers should emphasize debatable points, slip in cryptic statements about competency, and wax eloquent on…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Luehrsen, Sandra</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">427</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED346978.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Family <span class="hlt">Friends</span>: Heart Medicine Money Can't Buy.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In 1986, the National Council on Aging developed the Family <span class="hlt">Friends</span> program, which brings older people into the homes of children with disabilities and chronic illnesses. Charter programs were implemented in eight cities. These programs are still operating, and programs in other cities are in various stages of development. Since 1989, Family…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">National Council on the Aging, Inc., Washington, DC.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">428</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=radish&id=EJ768995"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Food <span class="hlt">Friends</span>: Encouraging Preschoolers to Try New Foods</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In response to concerns about children's eating behaviors, the Colorado Nutrition Network developed and tested Food <span class="hlt">Friends</span>--Making New Foods Fun for Kids. The program was designed as a 12-week social marketing campaign aimed at encouraging preschool-age children to try new foods, such as Ugli Fruit, couscous, and daikon radish. Tasting novel…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bellows, Laura; Anderson, Jennifer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">429</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23627944"> <span id="translatedtitle">Can <span class="hlt">friends</span> protect genetically vulnerable children from depression?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The study examined whether reciprocal friendship quantity or quality can mitigate genetic vulnerability for depression symptoms in children. The sample comprised 168 monozygotic twin pairs and 126 same-sex dizygotic twin pairs assessed in Grade 4 (mean age = 10.04 years). Friendship participation was measured via reciprocal nominations of close friendships within the classroom. Friendship quality was measured through self-reports. Depression symptoms were measured through teacher and peer reports. Genetic vulnerability for depression symptoms was unrelated to friendship participation or the number of reciprocal <span class="hlt">friends</span>, but it was negatively related to positive friendship quality. In line with gene-environment interaction, genetic risk effects on depression symptoms were mitigated in girls who had at least one close reciprocal <span class="hlt">friend</span>. In boys, only moderate main effects of genetic vulnerability and friendship participation were found but no interaction between them. However, among boys with at least one reciprocal <span class="hlt">friend</span>, a greater number of <span class="hlt">friends</span> was related to fewer depression symptoms whereas no cumulative effect of friendship was found for girls. Finally, positive friendship quality was related to fewer depression symptoms in girls and boys even when controlling for genetic risk. The findings emphasize the importance of teaching social interactional skills that promote high-quality friendship relations to help prevent the development of depression symptoms in children. PMID:23627944</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Bukowski, William M; Dionne, Ginette; Tremblay, Richard E; Boivin, Michel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">430</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=polymer&pg=7&id=EJ824957"> <span id="translatedtitle">Interdisciplinary Chemistry Experiment: An Environmentally <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Extraction of Lycopene</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel experiment for the extraction of lycopene from tomato paste without the use of an organic solvent is described. The experiment employs polymer, green, and analytical chemistry. This environmentally <span class="hlt">friendly</span> extraction is more efficient and requires less time than the traditional approach using an organic solvent. The extraction is…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhu, Jie; Zhang, Mingjie; Liu, Qingwei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">431</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=rights+AND+child&pg=4&id=EJ1038641"> <span id="translatedtitle">Building Child <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Cities in the MENA Region</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The notion of Child <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Cities (CFCs) was first developed during the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (HABITAT II), held in Istanbul in 1996. The concept is based on four general principles of the United Nations "Convention on the rights of the child": (1) fair treatment of every child, regardless of ethnicity,…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nour, Osman El Hassan N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">432</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.kitp.ucsb.edu/sites/default/files/kitp/visitors/famfund/RiceEndowsFund.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rice Endows Fund to Make KITP More Family <span class="hlt">Friendly</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Rice Endows Fund to Make KITP More Family <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> FOR TWO DECADES PHYSICISTS VISITING THE KITP Drive near Santa Barbara's Mesa district. The owners of that property, Ann and Myron ("Mike") Rice used to endow the "Drs. Ann and Myron Rice Family Fund for the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ahlers, Guenter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">433</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cee.uah.edu/CE%20Existing%20Catalog%202011.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Civil and Environmental Engineering Print-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Page</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Civil and Environmental Engineering Print-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Page Return to: Schools/ Colleges/ Departments S; Lecturer Al-Hamdan. Civil engineers are involved in many aspects of modern life, such as structural engineering, transportation planning, environmental systems, and geotechnical analysis. The modern civil</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alabama in Huntsville, University of</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">434</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20000023204&hterms=symbolic+computation+higher+order+schemes&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3Dsymbolic%2Bcomputation%2Bhigher%2Border%2Bschemes"> <span id="translatedtitle">CSTEM <span class="hlt">User</span> Manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This manual is a combination of a <span class="hlt">user</span> manual, theory manual, and programmer manual. The reader is assumed to have some previous exposure to the finite element method. This manual is written with the idea that the CSTEM (Coupled Structural Thermal Electromagnetic-Computer Code) <span class="hlt">user</span> needs to have a basic understanding of what the code is actually doing in order to properly use the code. For that reason, the underlying theory and methods used in the code are described to a basic level of detail. The manual gives an overview of the CSTEM code: how the code came into existence, a basic description of what the code does, and the order in which it happens (a flowchart). Appendices provide a listing and very brief description of every file used by the CSTEM code, including the type of file it is, what routine regularly accesses the file, and what routine opens the file, as well as special features included in CSTEM.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hartle, M.; McKnight, R. L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">435</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5642193"> <span id="translatedtitle">TEBASCO <span class="hlt">user</span>'s guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">TEBASCO is a Tandem mirror Equilibrium and BAllooning Stability COde. TEBASCO allows you to compute tandem-mirror MHD equilibria and to analyze both the flute-averaged and ballooning-mode stability of these equilibria. This stability analysis is directed toward the computation of marginal stability boundaries. <span class="hlt">Users</span> of TEBASCO require a binary output file from the EFFI code which describes the vacuum magnetic field. In making this EFFI file the <span class="hlt">user</span> will have defined a system of units for lengths (e.g., meters) and magnetic field (e.g., Tesla). In TEBASCO, all magnetic field strengths are normalized to the vacuum center-cell midplane value, and times are defined in units of the time for an Alfven wave in this field to transit one EFFI unit of length.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pearlstein, L.D.; Kaiser, T.B.; LoDestro, L.; Maron, N.; Nevins, W.M.; Willmann, P.A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-09-22</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">436</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860007444&hterms=copd&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dcopd"> <span id="translatedtitle">Magnetic tape <span class="hlt">user</span> guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This <span class="hlt">User</span> Guide provides a general introduction to the structure, use, and handling of magnetic tapes at Langley Research Center (LaRC). The topics covered are tape terminology, physical characteristics, error prevention and detection, and creating, using, and maintaining tapes. Supplementary documentation is referenced where it might be helpful. The documentation is included for the tape utility programs, BLOCK, UNBLOCK, and TAPEDMP, which are available at the Central Scientific Computing Complex at LaRC.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Evans, A. B.; Lee, L. L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">437</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19850002369&hterms=vos+jb&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dvos%252C%2Bjb"> <span id="translatedtitle">IAC <span class="hlt">user</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">User</span> Manual for the Integrated Analysis Capability (IAC) Level 1 system is presented. The IAC system currently supports the thermal, structures, controls and system dynamics technologies, and its development is influenced by the requirements for design/analysis of large space systems. The system has many features which make it applicable to general problems in engineering, and to management of data and software. Information includes basic IAC operation, executive commands, modules, solution paths, data organization and storage, IAC utilities, and module implementation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vos, R. G.; Beste, D. L.; Gregg, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">438</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/14812"> <span id="translatedtitle">Salinas - <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Notes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Salinas provides a massively parallel implementation of structural dynamics finite element analysis, required for high fidelity, validated models used in modal, vibration, static and shock analysis of weapons systems. This document provides a <span class="hlt">users</span> guide to the input for Salinas. Details of input specifications for the different solution types, output options, element types and parameters are included. The appendices contain detailed examples, and instructions for running the software on parallel platforms.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">ALVIN,KENNETH F.; BHARDWAJ,MANOJ K.; DRIESSEN,BRIAN; REESE,GARTH M.; SEGALMAN,DANIEL J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">439</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19870017141&hterms=PISCES&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3DPISCES"> <span id="translatedtitle">PISCES 2 <span class="hlt">users</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">PISCES 2 is a programming environment and set of extensions to Fortran 77 for parallel programming. It is intended to provide a basis for writing programs for scientific and engineering applications on parallel computers in a way that is relatively independent of the particular details of the underlying computer architecture. This <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual provides a complete description of the PISCES 2 system as it is currently implemented on the 20 processor Flexible FLEX/32 at NASA Langley Research Center.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pratt, Terrence W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">440</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/summer08/articles/summer08insidecover.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of Medicine - Health News for You & Yours</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Current Issue Past Issues <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table of ... On behalf of the <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of the National Library of Medicine (FNLM), welcome to the Summer 2008 ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' 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showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">441</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/991878"> <span id="translatedtitle">PARFUME <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">PARFUME, a fuel performance analysis and modeling code, is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory for evaluating gas reactor coated particle fuel assemblies for prismatic, pebble bed, and plate type fuel geometries. The code is an integrated mechanistic analysis tool that evaluates the thermal, mechanical, and physico-chemical behavior of coated fuel particles (TRISO) and the probability for fuel failure given the particle-to-particle statistical variations in physical dimensions and material properties that arise during the fuel fabrication process. Using a robust finite difference numerical scheme, PARFUME is capable of performing steady state and transient heat transfer and fission product diffusion analyses for the fuel. Written in FORTRAN 90, PARFUME is easy to read, maintain, and modify. Currently, PARFUME is supported only on MS Windows platforms. This document represents the initial version of the PARFUME <span class="hlt">User</span> Guide, a supplement to the PARFUME Theory and Model Basis Report which describes the theoretical aspects of the code. <span class="hlt">User</span> information is provided including: 1) code development, 2) capabilities and limitations, 3) installation and execution, 4) <span class="hlt">user</span> input and output, 5) sample problems, and 6) error messages. In the near future, the INL plans to release a fully benchmarked and validated beta version of PARFUME.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kurt Hamman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">442</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://faculty.ist.psu.edu/jjansen/academic/jansen_collaborative_information_behavior.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Collaborative Information <span class="hlt">User</span> Engagement and</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Collaborative Information Behavior: <span class="hlt">User</span> Engagement and Communication Sharing Jonathan Foster Cataloging-in-Publication Data Collaborative information behavior : <span class="hlt">user</span> engagement and communication sharing coordinates and integrates current research and practices in the area of collaborative information behavior</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jansen, James</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">443</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=money&pg=2&id=EJ970971"> <span id="translatedtitle">Having <span class="hlt">Friends</span>--They Help You when You Are Stuck from Money, <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Making Ends Meet Research Group</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article is about the lived experiences and friendships of a small group of people with a learning disability who live without support in one of the most deprived areas in the UK. The findings are from an inclusive research project, that was named "Money, <span class="hlt">Friends</span> and Making Ends Meet" and the participants who researched their own lives become…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">444</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hmsc.oregonstate.edu/sites/default/files/upwelling_v2_3_2005_9.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">UpwellingNewsletter of the <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Hatfield Marine Science Center www.hmsc.oregonstate.edu/<span class="hlt">friends</span> September 2005</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">UpwellingNewsletter of the <span class="hlt">Friends</span> of Hatfield Marine Science Center www Marine Science Center. His advisor had laboratory space at HMSC to do isotopic analysis of fish Japans Bungo Strait. As the Hatfield Marine Science Center cel- ebrates its 40th anniversary, a look back</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">445</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=minority&pg=4&id=EJ989592"> <span id="translatedtitle">Birds of an Ethnic Feather? Ethnic Identity Homophily among College-Age <span class="hlt">Friends</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study assessed the degree to which pairs of <span class="hlt">friends</span> report similar levels of ethnic identity. College-age <span class="hlt">friends</span> (n=107 pairs; N=214 overall) completed measures of ethnic identity exploration and commitment, identity synthesis, relationship closeness, and frequency of talking to <span class="hlt">friends</span> and family about ethnicity-related issues. Participants…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Syed, Moin; Juan, Mary Joyce D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">446</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.psych.qub.ac.uk/BlueBook/BlueBooksFriend.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">School of Psychology Blue Book's <span class="hlt">Friend</span> 2011-2012 School of Psychology</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">School of Psychology Blue Book's <span class="hlt">Friend</span> 2011-2012 1 School of Psychology The Queen's University of Belfast The Blue Book's <span class="hlt">Friend</span> 2011-2012 Undergraduate #12;School of Psychology Blue Book's <span class="hlt">Friend</span> 2011 of Staff in the School of Psychology ... ... ... ... ... 3 More Details about Your Degree</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Müller, Jens-Dominik</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">447</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/p5h26h23771t548u.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Perceived vs. actual <span class="hlt">friends</span>' use of alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana, and cocaine: Which has the most influence?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Determinants of the use of alcohol, alcohol without parental knowledge, cigarettes, marijuana, and crack were assessed in predominantly black, urban, fourth- and fifth-grade students. Each subject identified three best <span class="hlt">friends</span>. Logistic and least-square regression analyses indicated that children's perceptions of <span class="hlt">friends</span>' use, perceptions of family use, and actual use of classmates were better predictors of substance use than <span class="hlt">friends</span>' actual</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ronald J. Iannotti; Patricia J. Bush</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/18644144"> <span id="translatedtitle">Compact High-Order <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Nonlinear Schemes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We develop here compact high-order <span class="hlt">accurate</span> nonlinear schemes for discontinuities capturing. Such schemes achieve high-order spatial accuracy by the cell-centered compact schemes. Compact adaptive interpolations of variables at cell edges are designed which automatically “jump” to local ones as discontinuities being encountered. This is the key to make the overall compact schemes capture discontinuities in a nonoscillatory manner. The analysis</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Xiaogang Deng; Hiroshi Maekawa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009fiis.conf..211R"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> Control Problems and Taking <span class="hlt">User</span> Empowerment Further</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">User</span> control in identity management is beset with a number of problems, as outlined in this paper. It is argued that akin to traditional contexts, greater <span class="hlt">user</span> control will result in greater <span class="hlt">user</span> liability, which is demonstrated with the help of digital and non-digital examples. In this context, there is a critical need for greater <span class="hlt">user</span> empowerment. This could be achieved in two ways-first, facilitating <span class="hlt">user</span> awareness of identity management technologies, their scope and effects and second, through the implementation of proposed control-liability notices.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rodrigues, Rowena</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005APS..APRE10006C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Modeling of Binary Black Holes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Massive black holes (MBHs) that are believed to reside at the centers of all galaxies with bulges will form a binary and coalesce into each other following a galactic merger. The final stage of MBH binary evolution is a strong source of low frequency gravitational waves for the joint NASA/ESA LISA mission. The merging phase of the coalescence will provide an excellent opportunity to investigate Einstein's theory of general relativity in a strong nonlinear regime. Encouraging progress has been made recently in numerical relativity simulations of orbiting/merging black holes; however a long term and <span class="hlt">accurate</span> evolution of a realistic situation has yet to be demonstrated. Using mesh refinement techniques, we focus on <span class="hlt">accurate</span> simulations of the source (merging binary black holes) and <span class="hlt">accurate</span> extraction of the generated gravitational waves. We study a head-on collision as the first model problem for a thorough validation of our approach. I will discuss some of the issues involved and present recent results.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Choi, Dae-Il; Centrella, Joan; van Meter, Jim; Imbiriba, Breno; Brown, David; Lowe, Lisa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">451</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19900014660&hterms=Supercomputers&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DSupercomputers"> <span id="translatedtitle">Distributed <span class="hlt">user</span> services for supercomputers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">User</span>-service operations at supercomputer facilities are examined. The question is whether a single, possibly distributed, <span class="hlt">user</span>-services organization could be shared by NASA's supercomputer sites in support of a diverse, geographically dispersed, <span class="hlt">user</span> community. A possible structure for such an organization is identified as well as some of the technologies needed in operating such an organization.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sowizral, Henry A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">452</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.librijournal.org/pdf/1999-3pp132-141.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Evolution of <span class="hlt">User</span> Studies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">User</span> studies are one of the most researched areas in library and information science. These studies form a large body of literature in the discipline. Since <span class="hlt">user</span> studies first appeared in the late 1940s their number has constantly increased. Menzel in the first Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (1966) refers to two comprehensive bibliographies of <span class="hlt">user</span> studies in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">RANIA SIATRI</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">453</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.itd.uts.edu.au/services_facilities/UTS_Remote_File_Access_PC_Users_Guide.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Remote File PC <span class="hlt">Users</span> Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">UTS: ITD Remote File Access 2010 PC <span class="hlt">Users</span> Guide V3.0 #12;UTS:ITD Remote File Access: PC <span class="hlt">Users</span> Guide:ITD Remote File Access: PC <span class="hlt">Users</span> Guide v3.0 2010 3 1. What is Remote File Access? UTS Remote File Access. Remote File Access will allow staff to view and transfer files between UTS network file storage</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">University of Technology, Sydney</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">454</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.eng.auburn.edu/~sealscd/COMP7620/project/papers/survey_report_bam_mbr.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Survey on <span class="hlt">user</span> interface programming</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper reports on the results of a survey of <span class="hlt">user</span> interface programming. The survey was widely distributed, and we received 74 responses. The results show that in today's applications, an average of 48% of the code is devoted to the <span class="hlt">user</span> interface portion. The average time spent on the <span class="hlt">user</span> interface portion is 45% during the design phase, 50%</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brad A. Myers; Mary Beth Rosson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">455</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/441740"> <span id="translatedtitle">BLOCKAGE 2.5 <span class="hlt">user`s</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The BLOCKAGE 2.5 code described in this <span class="hlt">User`s</span> Manual was developed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as a tool to evaluate licensee compliance with NRC Bulletin 96-03, ``Potential Plugging of Emergency Core Cooling Suction Strainers by Debris in Boiling Water Reactors.`` As such, BLOCKAGE 2.5 provides a generalized framework into which a <span class="hlt">user</span> can input plant-specific and insulation-specific data for performing analyses in accordance with Regulatory Guide 1.82, Rev. 2. This <span class="hlt">user`s</span> manual describes the capabilities of BLOCKAGE 2.5 along with a description of the graphics <span class="hlt">user`s</span> interface provided for data entry. Each input/output dialog is described in detail along with special considerations related to developing and executing BLOCKAGE. Also, several sample problems are provided such that <span class="hlt">user</span> can easily modify them to suit a particular plant of interest. The models used in BLOCKAGE 2.5 and their validation are presented in the accompanying NUREG/CR-6371. The BLOCKAGE models were designed to be parametric in nature, allowing the <span class="hlt">user</span> flexibility to examine the impact of several modeling assumptions and to conduct sensitivity analyses. As a result, BLOCKAGE 2.5 results are known to be very sensitive to the <span class="hlt">user</span> provided input. It is therefore strongly recommended that <span class="hlt">users</span> become thoroughly familiar with BLOCKAGE models and their limitations as described in NUREG/CR-6224.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rao, D.V.; Brideau, J.; Shaffer, C.; Souto, F. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bernahl, W. [Software Edge, Inc., Riverwoods, IL (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">456</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21288133"> <span id="translatedtitle">Classifying and profiling Social Networking Site <span class="hlt">users</span>: a latent segmentation approach.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Social Networking Sites (SNSs) have showed an exponential growth in the last years. The first step for an efficient use of SNSs stems from an understanding of the individuals' behaviors within these sites. In this research, we have obtained a typology of SNS <span class="hlt">users</span> through a latent segmentation approach, based on the frequency by which <span class="hlt">users</span> perform different activities within the SNSs, sociodemographic variables, experience in SNSs, and dimensions related to their interaction patterns. Four different segments have been obtained. The "introvert" and "novel" <span class="hlt">users</span> are the more occasional. They utilize SNSs mainly to communicate with <span class="hlt">friends</span>, although "introverts" are more passive <span class="hlt">users</span>. The "versatile" <span class="hlt">user</span> performs different activities, although occasionally. Finally, the "expert-communicator" performs a greater variety of activities with a higher frequency. They tend to perform some marketing-related activities such as commenting on ads or gathering information about products and brands as well as commenting ads. The companies can take advantage of these segmentation schemes in different ways: first, by tracking and monitoring information interchange between <span class="hlt">users</span> regarding their products and brands. Second, they should match the SNS <span class="hlt">users</span>' profiles with their market targets to use SNSs as marketing tools. Finally, for most business, the expert <span class="hlt">users</span> could be interesting opinion leaders and potential brand influencers. PMID:21288133</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alarcón-del-Amo, María-del-Carmen; Lorenzo-Romero, Carlota; Gómez-Borja, Miguel-Ángel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">457</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20060017826&hterms=coronary+heart+disease&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3Dcoronary%2Bheart%2Bdisease"> <span id="translatedtitle">High Frequency QRS ECG <span class="hlt">Accurately</span> Detects Cardiomyopathy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High frequency (HF, 150-250 Hz) analysis over the entire QRS interval of the ECG is more sensitive than conventional ECG for detecting myocardial ischemia. However, the accuracy of HF QRS ECG for detecting cardiomyopathy is unknown. We obtained simultaneous resting conventional and HF QRS 12-lead ECGs in 66 patients with cardiomyopathy (EF = 23.2 plus or minus 6.l%, mean plus or minus SD) and in 66 age- and gender-matched healthy controls using PC-based ECG software recently developed at NASA. The single most <span class="hlt">accurate</span> ECG parameter for detecting cardiomyopathy was an HF QRS morphological score that takes into consideration the total number and severity of reduced amplitude zones (RAZs) present plus the clustering of RAZs together in contiguous leads. This RAZ score had an area under the receiver operator curve (ROC) of 0.91, and was 88% sensitive, 82% specific and 85% <span class="hlt">accurate</span> for identifying cardiomyopathy at optimum score cut-off of 140 points. Although conventional ECG parameters such as the QRS and QTc intervals were also significantly longer in patients than controls (P less than 0.001, BBBs excluded), these conventional parameters were less <span class="hlt">accurate</span> (area under the ROC = 0.77 and 0.77, respectively) than HF QRS morphological parameters for identifying underlying cardiomyopathy. The total amplitude of the HF QRS complexes, as measured by summed root mean square voltages (RMSVs), also differed between patients and controls (33.8 plus or minus 11.5 vs. 41.5 plus or minus 13.6 mV, respectively, P less than 0.003), but this parameter was even less <span class="hlt">accurate</span> in distinguishing the two groups (area under ROC = 0.67) than the HF QRS morphologic and conventional ECG parameters. Diagnostic accuracy was optimal (86%) when the RAZ score from the HF QRS ECG and the QTc interval from the conventional ECG were used simultaneously with cut-offs of greater than or equal to 40 points and greater than or equal to 445 ms, respectively. In conclusion 12-lead HF QRS ECG employing RAZ scoring is a simple, <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and inexpensive screening technique for cardiomyopathy. Although HF QRS ECG is highly sensitive for cardiomyopathy, its specificity may be compromised in patients with cardiac pathologies other than cardiomyopathy, such as uncomplicated coronary artery disease or multiple coronary disease risk factors. Further studies are required to determine whether HF QRS might be useful for monitoring cardiomyopathy severity or the efficacy of therapy in a longitudinal fashion.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schlegel, Todd T.; Arenare, Brian; Poulin, Gregory; Moser, Daniel R.; Delgado, Reynolds</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">458</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~hopper/shadow-ndss2012.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shadow: Running Tor in a Box for <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> and Efficient Experimentation U.S. Naval Research Laboratory</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/epsearch/">E-print Network</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Shadow: Running Tor in a Box for <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> and Efficient Experimentation Rob Jansen U.S. Naval@cs.umn.edu Abstract Tor is a large and popular overlay network providing both anonymity to its <span class="hlt">users</span> and a platform Tor experimentation tech- niques are limited in scale, are inaccurate, or create results</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Minnesota, University of</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">459</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/893788"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">user</span>'s Perspective on Software</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">user</span> is often the most overlooked component of control system design. At Jefferson Lab the control system is almost entirely digital in nature, with little feedback except that which is deliberately designed into the control system. In the complex control room environment a good design can enhance the <span class="hlt">user</span>'s abilities to preform good science. A bad design can leave the <span class="hlt">user</span> frustrated and contribute significantly to down time, when science is not being done. Key points of use and design from the <span class="hlt">user</span>'s perspective are discussed, along with some techniques which have been adopted at Jefferson Lab to improve the <span class="hlt">user</span> experience and produce better, more usable software.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Isadoro T. Carlino</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-10-24</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">460</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1166695"> <span id="translatedtitle">GADRAS-DRF 18.5 <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Manual.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Gamma Detector Response and Analysis Software - Detector Response Function (GADRAS-DRF) application computes the response of gamma-ray and neutron detectors to incoming radiation. This manual provides step-by-step procedures to acquaint new <span class="hlt">users</span> with the use of the application. The capabilities include characterization of detector response parameters, plotting and viewing measured and computed spectra, analyzing spectra to identify isotopes, and estimating source energy distributions from measured spectra. GADRAS-DRF can compute and provide detector responses quickly and <span class="hlt">accurately</span>, giving <span class="hlt">users</span> the ability to obtain usable results in a timely manner (a matter of seconds or minutes).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Horne, Steven M.; Thoreson, Gregory G; Theisen, Lisa A.; Mitchell, Dean J.; Harding, Lee; Amai, Wendy A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img 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showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">461</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=producer+AND+services&pg=5&id=EJ652438"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Users</span>, End-<span class="hlt">Users</span>, and End-<span class="hlt">User</span> Searchers of Online Information: A Historical Overview.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discusses the changing relationship between information professionals (vendors, database producers, and searchers) and end <span class="hlt">users</span> during the last three decades. Examines the concept of the end <span class="hlt">user</span>, including professionals; libraries; end <span class="hlt">user</span> searchers; DIALOG and BRS; ease of use issues; search intermediaries; menu-driven systems; and CD-ROM…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Farber, Miriam; Shoham, Snunith</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">462</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=257688"> <span id="translatedtitle">Meta-Abstract for the EnviroAtlas Poster Block at the 2013 ESRI International <span class="hlt">User</span> Conference (7/12/13)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The EPA is launching a web-based mapping application—EnviroAtlas—which is designed to communicate ecosystem services, their drivers, societal benefits, and potential future status in a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> manner. EnviroAtlas includes a coarse-scale national component, with...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">463</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/786642"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pygmalion <span class="hlt">Users</span> Manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">PYGMALION (or Pygi for short) is a RELAP5 utility program that updates the initial condition information within a RELAP5 input file. These initial conditions are obtained by performing steady-state calculations, the final results of which are written to a restart/plot (rstplt) file for subsequent use. Pygi accesses the rstplt file, obtains the final conditions for each component of the system model, and replaces the appropriate cards in the original input file with cards containing the new conditions. The new input file then <span class="hlt">accurately</span> represents the hydrodynamic state of the problem as it was at the end of the steady-state initialization run.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fisher, J. E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">464</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860001353&hterms=body+swap&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dbody%2Bswap"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">User</span> interface enhancement report</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The existing <span class="hlt">user</span> interfaces to TEMPUS, Plaid, and other systems in the OSDS are fundamentally based on only two modes of communication: alphanumeric commands or data input and grapical interaction. The latter are especially suited to the types of interaction necessary for creating workstation objects with BUILD and with performing body positioning in TEMPUS. Looking toward the future application of TEMPUS, however, the long-term goals of OSDS will include the analysis of extensive tasks in space involving one or more individuals working in concert over a period of time. In this context, the TEMPUS body positioning capability, though extremely useful in creating and validating a small number of particular body positions, will become somewhat tedious to use. The macro facility helps somewhat, since frequently used positions may be easily applied by executing a stored macro. The difference between body positioning and task execution, though subtle, is important. In the case of task execution, the important information at the <span class="hlt">user</span>'s level is what actions are to be performed rather than how the actions are performed. Viewed slightly differently, the what is constant over a set of individuals though the how may vary.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Badler, N. I.; Gangel, J.; Shields, G.; Fala, G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">465</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6539"> <span id="translatedtitle">TRLAN <span class="hlt">User</span> Guide</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">TRLAN is a program designed to find a small number of extreme eigenvalues and their corresponding eigenvectors of a real symmetric matrix. Denote the matrix as A, the eigenvalue as {lambda}, and the corresponding eigenvector as x, they are defined by the following equation, Ax = {lambda}x. There are a number of different implementations of the Lanczos algorithm available. Why another one? Our main motivation is to develop a specialized version that only target the case where one wants both eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a large real symmetric eigenvalue problems that can not use the shift-and-invert scheme. In this case the standard non-restarted Lanczos algorithm requires one to store a large number of Lanczos vectors which can cause storage problem and make each iteration of the method very expensive. The underlying algorithm of TRLAN is a dynamic thick-restart Lanczos algorithm. Like all restarted methods, the <span class="hlt">user</span> can choose how many vectors can be generated at once. Typically, th e <span class="hlt">user</span> chooses a moderate size so that all Lanczos vectors can be stored in core. This allows the restarted methods to execute efficiently. This implementation of the thick-restart Lanczos method also uses the latest restarting technique, it is very effective in reducing the time required to compute a desired solutions compared to similar restarted Lanczos schemes, e.g., ARPACK.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wu, Kesheng; Simon, H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-03-09</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">466</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860012482&hterms=Viscous+dampers&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D80%26Ntt%3D%2522Viscous%2Bdampers%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle">The LATDYN <span class="hlt">user</span>'s manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The LATDYN <span class="hlt">User</span>'s Manual presents the capabilities and instructions for the LATDYN (Large Angle Transient DYNamics) computer program. The LATDYN program is a tool for analyzing the controlled or uncontrolled dynamic transient behavior of interconnected deformable multi-body systems which can undergo large angular motions of each body relative other bodies. The program accommodates large structural deformation as well as large rigid body rotations and is applicable, but not limited to, the following areas: (1) development of large flexible space structures; (2) slewing of large space structure components; (3) mechanisms with rigid or elastic components; and (4) robotic manipulations of beam members. Presently the program is limited to two dimensional problems, but in many cases, three dimensional problems can be exactly or approximately reduced to two dimensions. The program uses convected finite elements to affect the large angular motions involved in the analysis. General geometry is permitted. Detailed <span class="hlt">user</span> input and output specifications are provided and discussed with example runstreams. To date, LATDYN has been configured for CDC/NOS and DEC VAX/VMS machines. All coding is in ANSII-77 FORTRAN. Detailed instructions regarding interfaces with particular computer operating systems and file structures are provided.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Housner, J. M.; Mcgowan, P. E.; Abrahamson, A. L.; Powell, M. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">467</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2886990"> <span id="translatedtitle">Close Companion <span class="hlt">Friends</span> in Church and Health in Late Life</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study has two principal aims. The first goal is to empirically evaluate new measures of close companion friendships that arise in church. The second goal is to embed these measures in a conceptual model that seeks to assess the relationship between close companion <span class="hlt">friends</span> at church and health. Based on data from a nationwide sample of older people, the findings reveal that the newly devised measures are psychometrically sound. In addition, the results provide empirical support for the following linkages that are contained in our conceptual model: older people who have a close companion <span class="hlt">friend</span> at church are more likely to feel they belong in their congregation; old adults who believe they belong in their congregation are more likely to feel grateful to God; and older individuals who feel grateful to God tend to rate their health more favorably. PMID:20563266</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Krause, Neal; Cairney, John</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">468</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19940012409&hterms=parabolic+method+ppm+shocks&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dparabolic%2Bmethod%2Bppm%2Bshocks"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> upwind methods for the Euler equations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new class of piecewise linear methods for the numerical solution of the one-dimensional Euler equations of gas dynamics is presented. These methods are uniformly second-order <span class="hlt">accurate</span>, and can be considered as extensions of Godunov's scheme. With an appropriate definition of monotonicity preservation for the case of linear convection, it can be shown that they preserve monotonicity. Similar to Van Leer's MUSCL scheme, they consist of two key steps: a reconstruction step followed by an upwind step. For the reconstruction step, a monotonicity constraint that preserves uniform second-order accuracy is introduced. Computational efficiency is enhanced by devising a criterion that detects the 'smooth' part of the data where the constraint is redundant. The concept and coding of the constraint are simplified by the use of the median function. A slope steepening technique, which has no effect at smooth regions and can resolve a contact discontinuity in four cells, is described. As for the upwind step, existing and new methods are applied in a manner slightly different from those in the literature. These methods are derived by approximating the Euler equations via linearization and diagonalization. At a 'smooth' interface, Harten, Lax, and Van Leer's one intermediate state model is employed. A modification for this model that can resolve contact discontinuities is presented. Near a discontinuity, either this modified model or a more <span class="hlt">accurate</span> one, namely, Roe's flux-difference splitting. is used. The current presentation of Roe's method, via the conceptually simple flux-vector splitting, not only establishes a connection between the two splittings, but also leads to an admissibility correction with no conditional statement, and an efficient approximation to Osher's approximate Riemann solver. These reconstruction and upwind steps result in schemes that are uniformly second-order <span class="hlt">accurate</span> and economical at smooth regions, and yield high resolution at discontinuities.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Huynh, Hung T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">469</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://learningcenter.nsta.org/product_detail.aspx?id=10.2505/4/tst08_075_04_30"> <span id="translatedtitle">How <span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Are Student-Collected Data?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The purpose of this study was to teach upper elementary and high school students to monitor two estuarine creeks using an adaptation of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources Adopt-A-Stream protocol. Data collected by students were then compared to data collected by a trained instructor to determine the accuracy of student-collected data for dissolved-oxygen (DO) concentration, salinity, and water temperature. Results of the study revealed that students can collect <span class="hlt">accurate</span> data for several water-quality parameters, and these data can be presented to the community to assist in making informed decisions regarding environmental issues.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mary Carla Curran</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">470</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23892899"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> and universal delineation of prokaryotic species.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The exponentially increasing number of sequenced genomes necessitates fast, <span class="hlt">accurate</span>, universally applicable and automated approaches for the delineation of prokaryotic species. We developed specI (species identification tool; http://www.bork.embl.de/software/specI/), a method to group organisms into species clusters based on 40 universal, single-copy phylogenetic marker genes. Applied to 3,496 prokaryotic genomes, specI identified 1,753 species clusters. Of 314 discrepancies with a widely used taxonomic classification, >62% were resolved by literature support. PMID:23892899</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mende, Daniel R; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Zeller, Georg; Bork, Peer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">471</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006EOSTr..87..584S"> <span id="translatedtitle">The first <span class="hlt">accurate</span> description of an aurora</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">As technology has advanced, the scientific study of auroral phenomena has increased by leaps and bounds. A look back at the earliest descriptions of aurorae offers an interesting look into how medieval scholars viewed the subjects that we study.Although there are earlier fragmentary references in the literature, the first <span class="hlt">accurate</span> description of the aurora borealis appears to be that published by the German Catholic scholar Konrad von Megenberg (1309-1374) in his book Das Buch der Natur (The Book of Nature). The book was written between 1349 and 1350.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schröder, Wilfried</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">472</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.amstat.org/publications/jse/v12n3/datasets.kalist.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Data from the Television Game Show "<span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe?"</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article, created by David Kalist of Shippensburg University, describes data from the television game show "<span class="hlt">Friend</span> or Foe." The data can be used to determine factors affecting contestants' strategies using descriptive statistics, testing for differences in means or proportions, and regression analysis. Some of the factor that the author tests for are whether age, gender, race or the amount of prize money affect a contestants decision.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kalist, David</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">473</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/42561735"> <span id="translatedtitle">The American <span class="hlt">friends</span> service committee and Nixon's China policy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study investigates the influence of the American <span class="hlt">Friends</span> Service Committee (a Quaker lobbying group) on the policy of detente pursued by the Nixon Administration in dealing with the People's Republic of China. Nixon's Quaker family background is viewed as a link between A.F.S.C. lobbying efforts after 1965 and President Nixon's decision to change U.S. policy toward mainland China. The</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Salvatore Prisco</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">474</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1057811"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fish Protection: Cooperative research advances fish-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> turbine design</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Renewable hydropower is a tremendous resource within the Pacific Northwest that is managed with considerable cost and consideration for the safe migration of salmon. Recent research conducted in this region has provided results that could lower the impacts of hydro power production and make the technology more fish-<span class="hlt">friendly</span>. This research is now being applied during a period when a huge emphasis is being made to develop clean, renewable energy sources.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, Richard S.; Ahmann, Martin L.; Trumbo, Bradly A.; Foust, Jason</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">475</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4246962"> <span id="translatedtitle">Network <span class="hlt">friendly</span> tree for peer-to-peer streaming</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In peer-to-peer streaming system, multicast tree construction method has considerable influence on network load. Current available strategies have not used network resource economically, or approach network resource friendship at the cost of flexibility. With consideration of transmission delay between peers, network <span class="hlt">friendly</span> tree is proposed in this paper. In this strategy, new peers connect to the peer-to-peer streaming system with</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ting Peng; Qinghua Zheng; Lv Weimei; Shan Jiang; Jingjing Gao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">476</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58987917"> <span id="translatedtitle">Design and control of human-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> robots</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this thesis, solutions to two of the problems encountered in the design and control of human-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> robots are investigated. The first problem is severe human injuries can occur when an accidental human-manipulator impact happens. A theoretical and experimental study on using foam coverings to reduce the severity of a human-manipulator impact and enhance human safety is presented. An improved</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lingqi Zeng</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">477</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.amnh.org/education/resources/rfl/web/antarctica/s_hazards.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Letter to Stephanie from Her <span class="hlt">Friend</span> Carole: Antarctic Hazards</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This letter is part of a series in which a participant in the Teachers Experiencing Antarctica (TEA) program shares her work and discoveries with her <span class="hlt">friend</span>, a glacial geologist. It discusses the many hazards that researchers need to avoid while working in Antarctica including dehydration, hypothermia, frostbite, sunburn of the eyes, and trench foot. She also describes the massive amount of gear they must transport in order to stay warm and the survival training that newly-arrived workers must undergo.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">478</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30954597"> <span id="translatedtitle">Breastfeeding practices in baby <span class="hlt">friendly</span> hospitals of Indore</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An interview based cross sectional study was conducted in two of the designated Baby <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Hospitals of Indore in the year\\u000a 2008. None of the hospitals were having a written breastfeeding policy, which is routinely communicated to all the health\\u000a workers and no regular training regarding the Programme was being imparted. There is a need to develop a BFHI Monitoring</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Richa Nigam; Manish Nigam; R. R. Wavre; Ajit Deshpande; R. K. Chandorkar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">479</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25242836"> <span id="translatedtitle">Examining transactional influences between reading achievement and antisocially-behaving <span class="hlt">friends</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The association between poorer academic outcomes and having antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span> is reliably demonstrated yet not well understood. Genetically sensitive designs uniquely allow for measuring genetic vulnerabilities and/or environmental risk in the association of antisocial <span class="hlt">friend</span> behavior and poor school achievement, allowing for a better understanding of the nature of the association. This study included 233 pairs of twins from the Florida Twin Project on Reading. First, the role of antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span> as an environmental moderator of reading comprehension was examined. Antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span> significantly moderated the nonshared environmental variance in reading comprehension, with increased variation at lower levels of association with antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span>, with niche-picking indicated. Second, the role of reading comprehension as an environmental moderator of antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span> was examined. Reading comprehension significantly moderated the nonshared environmental variance in associating with antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span>, with increased variance at lower levels of reading comprehension and indication that common genetic influences contributed to higher reading achievement and better-behaved <span class="hlt">friends</span>. In total, these results suggested reciprocal influences between reading achievement and antisocially-behaving <span class="hlt">friends</span>. The impact of antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span> appeared to be limited in the extent to which they can undermine reading achievement, and high reading achievement appeared to support less association with antisocial <span class="hlt">friends</span>. PMID:25242836</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hart, Sara A; Mikolajewski, Amy J; Johnson, Wendy; Schatschneider, Christopher; Taylor, Jeanette</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">480</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23115548"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> reading with sequential presentation of single letters.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Rapid, <span class="hlt">accurate</span> reading is possible when isolated, single words from a sentence are sequentially presented at a fixed spatial location. We investigated if reading of words and sentences is possible when single letters are rapidly presented at the fovea under <span class="hlt">user</span>-controlled or automatically controlled rates. When tested with complete sentences, trained participants achieved reading rates of over 60?wpm and accuracies of over 90% with the single letter reading (SLR) method and naive participants achieved average reading rates over 30?wpm with greater than 90% accuracy. Accuracy declined as individual letters were presented for shorter periods of time, even when the overall reading rate was maintained by increasing the duration of spaces between words. Words in the lexicon that occur more frequently were identified with higher accuracy and more quickly, demonstrating that trained participants have lexical access. In combination, our data strongly suggest that comprehension is possible and that SLR is a practicable form of reading under conditions in which normal scanning of text is not possible, or for scenarios with limited spatial and temporal resolution such as patients with low vision or prostheses. PMID:23115548</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Price, Nicholas S C; Edwards, Gemma L</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a 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href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">481</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013SPIE.8717E..0EG"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> reconstruction of hyperspectral images from compressive sensing measurements</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The emerging field of Compressive Sensing (CS) provides a new way to capture data by shifting the heaviest burden of data collection from the sensor to the computer on the <span class="hlt">user</span>-end. This new means of sensing requires fewer measurements for a given amount of information than traditional sensors. We investigate the efficacy of CS for capturing HyperSpectral Imagery (HSI) remotely. We also introduce a new family of algorithms for constructing HSI from CS measurements with Split Bregman Iteration [Goldstein and Osher,2009]. These algorithms combine spatial Total Variation (TV) with smoothing in the spectral dimension. We examine models for three different CS sensors: the Coded Aperture Snapshot Spectral Imager-Single Disperser (CASSI-SD) [Wagadarikar et al.,2008] and Dual Disperser (CASSI-DD) [Gehm et al.,2007] cameras, and a hypothetical random sensing model closer to CS theory, but not necessarily implementable with existing technology. We simulate the capture of remotely sensed images by applying the sensor forward models to well-known HSI scenes - an AVIRIS image of Cuprite, Nevada and the HYMAP Urban image. To measure accuracy of the CS models, we compare the scenes constructed with our new algorithm to the original AVIRIS and HYMAP cubes. The results demonstrate the possibility of <span class="hlt">accurately</span> sensing HSI remotely with significantly fewer measurements than standard hyperspectral cameras.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Greer, John B.; Flake, J. C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">482</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3894122"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Friend</span> and Family Contact and Support in Early Widowhood</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objectives. This study explored the relative contributions of <span class="hlt">friends</span> and family to the social and emotional well-being of women and men in the first 2–6 months following the death of their spouse or partner. Methods. Three hundred and twenty-eight widowed men (39%) and women aged 50 and older completed self-administered questionnaires that included measures of contact and satisfaction with <span class="hlt">friends</span> and family, as well as measures of affective (i.e., grief and depression) and self-evaluative (i.e., coping self-efficacy, mastery, self-esteem) responses to loss. Results. Regression analyses supported the positive features of social support and interaction but particularly highlight the role of <span class="hlt">friends</span>: ease of contact and satisfaction with friendship support were associated with more positive self-evaluative aspects of loss; greater frequency of friendship help was associated with more negative affective reactions, whereas higher satisfaction with friendship support was associated with more positive affective reactions. Discussion. These analyses support the voluntary and socializing functions of friendship and social support, bolstering individuals during stressful life transitions, advancing our understanding of the underexamined and particularly distinct functions of friendship in the early phases of spousal loss. PMID:24170717</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">483</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1167606"> <span id="translatedtitle">Security Informatics Research Challenges for Mitigating Cyber <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Fire</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper addresses cognitive implications and research needs surrounding the problem of cyber <span class="hlt">friendly</span> re (FF). We dene cyber FF as intentional o*ensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission e*ectiveness of <span class="hlt">friendly</span> or neutral forces. We describe examples of cyber FF and discuss how it ts within a general conceptual framework for cyber security failures. Because it involves human failure, cyber FF may be considered to belong to a sub-class of cyber security failures characterized as unintentional insider threats. Cyber FF is closely related to combat <span class="hlt">friendly</span> re in that maintaining situation awareness (SA) is paramount to avoiding unintended consequences. Cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system and its nodes, the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive and o*ensive countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. We describe a test bed designed to support empirical research on factors a*ecting cyber FF. Finally, we discuss mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF, including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Carroll, Thomas E.; Greitzer, Frank L.; Roberts, Adam D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-09-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">484</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23386520"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Creating baby-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> neonatal intensive care units].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Most expectant parents anticipate giving birth to a healthy newborn. Admission of a neonate to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is thus nearly always a significant and negative shock to parents and family members. We derived core concepts for this article from the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund (WHO/UNICEF)'s Baby <span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Hospital Initiative: Revised, updated, and expanded for integrated care (2009). This framework document advocates expanding to NICUs guidelines that were originally developed for maternity units. This paper reviews the importance of breastfeeding to the mother-baby dyad and family integration. We suggest how to build a breastfeeding-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> environment within the NICU using 10 steps that adhere to the NEO-BFHI's three "Guiding Principles". The proposed environment gives special emphasis to providing continued and unlimited kangaroo care, creating a family-centered NICU design, implementing an effective milk expression and monitoring plan, and respecting mothers' individual needs. Suggestions are provided as a reference to government policymakers and medical centers to facilitate the creation of breastfeeding-<span class="hlt">friendly</span> environments in NICUs. PMID:23386520</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, Shu-Fang; Gau, Meei-Ling</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">485</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3380749"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Baby-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Initiative: Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Breastfeeding confers extensive and well-established benefits and is recognized as an extremely effective preventative health measure for both mothers and babies. Except in very few specific medical situations, breastfeeding should be universally encouraged for all mothers and infants. To improve worldwide breastfeeding initiation and duration rates, the WHO and UNICEF launched the Baby-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> Initiative (BFI) in 1991. The goal was to protect, promote and support breastfeeding by adherence to the WHO’s “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”. Since then, more than 20,000 hospitals in 156 countries have achieved Baby-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> status, with a resultant increase in both breastfeeding initiation and duration. Still, only 500 hospitals are currently designated Baby-<span class="hlt">Friendly</span> in industrialized countries, including 37 health centres or health authorities in Canada. Health care practitioners have a unique and influential role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding. Provincial and territorial government leadership is essential to ensuring implementation of the BFI in all health care facilities delivering services to families with young children. PMID:23730170</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pound, Catherine M; Unger, Sharon L</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">486</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3840905"> <span id="translatedtitle">RadNuc: A graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface to deliver dose rate patterns encountered in nuclear medicine with a 137Cs irradiator</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The temporal variations in absorbed dose rates to organs and tissues in the body are very large in diagnostic and therapeutic nuclear medicine. The response of biological endpoints of relevance to radiation safety and therapeutic efficacy are generally modulated by dose rate. Therefore, it is important to understand how the complex dose rate patterns encountered in nuclear medicine impact relevant biological responses. Accordingly, a graphical <span class="hlt">user</span> interface (GUI) was created to control a cesium-137 irradiator to deliver such dose rate patterns. Methods Visual Basic 6.0 was used to create a <span class="hlt">user-friendly</span> GUI to control the dose rate by varying the thickness of a mercury attenuator. The GUI facilitates the delivery of a number of dose rate patterns including constant, exponential increase or decrease, and multi-component exponential. Extensive visual feedback is provided by the GUI during both the planning and delivery stages. Results The GUI controlled irradiator can achieve a maximum dose rate of 40 cGy/hr and a minimum dose rate of 0.01 cGy/hr. Addition of machined lead blocks can be used to further reduce the minimum dose rate to 0.0001 cGy/hr. Measured dose rate patterns differed from programmed dose rate patterns in total dose by 3.2% to 8.4%. Conclusion The GUI controlled irradiator is able to <span class="hlt">accurately</span> create dose rate patterns encountered in nuclear medicine and other related fields. This makes it an invaluable tool for studying the effects of chronic constant and variable low dose rates on biological tissues in the contexts of both radiation protection and clinical administration of internal radionuclides. PMID:23265668</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pasternack, Jordan B.; Howell, Roger W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">487</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013CoPhC.184.2803B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rivet <span class="hlt">user</span> manual</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This is the manual and <span class="hlt">user</span> guide for the Rivet system for the validation and tuning of Monte Carlo event generators. As well as the core Rivet library, this manual describes the usage of the rivet program and the AGILe generator interface library. The depth and level of description is chosen for <span class="hlt">users</span> of the system, starting with the basics of using validation code written by others, and then covering sufficient details to write new Rivet analyses and calculational components. Catalogue identifier: AEPS_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEPS_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen’s University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 571126 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 4717522 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C++, Python. Computer: PC running Linux, Mac. Operating system: Linux, Mac OS. RAM: 20 MB Classification: 11.9, 11.2. External routines: HepMC (https://savannah.cern.ch/projects/hepmc/), GSL (http://www.gnu.org/software/gsl/manual/gsl-ref.html), FastJet (http://fastjet.fr/), Python (http://www.python.org/), Swig (http://www.swig.org/), Boost (http://www.boostsoftware.com/), YAML (http://www.yaml.org/spec/1.2/spec.html) Nature of problem: Experimental measurements from high-energy particle colliders should be defined and stored in a general framework such that it is simple to compare theory predictions to them. Rivet is such a framework, and contains at the same time a large collection of existing measurements. Solution method: Rivet is based on HepMC events, a standardised output format provided by many theory simulation tools. Events are processed by Rivet to generate histograms for the requested list of analyses, incorporating all experimental phase space cuts and histogram definitions. Restrictions: Cannot calculate statistical errors for correlated events as they appear in NLO calculations. Unusual features: It is possible for the <span class="hlt">user</span> to implement and use their own custom analysis as a module without having to modify the main Rivet code/installation. Running time: Depends on the number and complexity of analyses being applied, but typically a few hundred events per second.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Buckley, Andy; Butterworth, Jonathan; Grellscheid, David; Hoeth, Hendrik; Lönnblad, Leif; Monk, James; Schulz, Holger; Siegert, Frank</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">488</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24965790"> <span id="translatedtitle">General lysosomal hydrolysis can process prorenin <span class="hlt">accurately</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Renin, an aspartyl protease that catalyzes the rate-limiting step of the renin-angiotensin system, is first synthesized as an inactive precursor, prorenin. Prorenin is activated by the proteolytic removal of an amino terminal prosegment in the dense granules of the juxtaglomerular (JG) cells of the kidney by one or more proteases whose identity is uncertain but commonly referred to as the prorenin-processing enzyme (PPE). Because several extrarenal tissues secrete only prorenin, we tested the hypothesis that the unique ability of JG cells to produce active renin might be explained by the existence of a PPE whose expression is restricted to JG cells. We found that inducing renin production by the mouse kidney by up to 20-fold was not associated with the concomitant induction of candidate PPEs. Because the renin-containing granules of JG cells also contain several lysosomal hydrolases, we engineered mouse Ren1 prorenin to be targeted to the classical vesicular lysosomes of cultured HEK-293 cells, where it was <span class="hlt">accurately</span> processed and stored. Furthermore, we found that HEK cell lysosomes hydrolyzed any artificial extensions placed on the protein and that active renin was extraordinarily resistant to proteolytic degradation. Altogether, our results demonstrate that <span class="hlt">accurate</span> processing of prorenin is not restricted to JG cells but can occur in classical vesicular lysosomes of heterologous cells. The implication is that renin production may not require a specific PPE but rather can be achieved by general hydrolysis in the lysosome-like granules of JG cells. PMID:24965790</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Xa, Lucie K; Lacombe, Marie-Josée; Mercure, Chantal; Lazure, Claude; Reudelhuber, Timothy L</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">489</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015JCAP...01..024Z"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> shear measurement with faint sources</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For cosmic shear to become an <span class="hlt">accurate</span> cosmological probe, systematic errors in the shear measurement method must be unambiguously identified and corrected for. Previous work of this series has demonstrated that cosmic shears can be measured <span class="hlt">accurately</span> in Fourier space in the presence of background noise and finite pixel size, without assumptions on the morphologies of galaxy and PSF. The remaining major source of error is source Poisson noise, due to the finiteness of source photon number. This problem is particularly important for faint galaxies in space-based weak lensing measurements, and for ground-based images of short exposure times. In this work, we propose a simple and rigorous way of removing the shear bias from the source Poisson noise. Our noise treatment can be generalized for images made of multiple exposures through MultiDrizzle. This is demonstrated with the SDSS and COSMOS/ACS data. With a large ensemble of mock galaxy images of unrestricted morphologies, we show that our shear measurement method can achieve sub-percent level accuracy even for images of signal-to-noise ratio less than 5 in general, making it the most promising technique for cosmic shear measurement in the ongoing and upcoming large scale galaxy surveys.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhang, Jun; Luo, Wentao; Foucaud, Sebastien</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2015-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">490</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015AAS...22530607B"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Accurate</span> Stellar Parameters for Exoplanet Host Stars</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A large impedement to our understanding of planet formation is obtaining a clear picture of planet radii and densities. Although determining precise ratios between planet and stellar host are relatively easy, determining <span class="hlt">accurate</span> stellar parameters is still a difficult and costly undertaking. High resolution spectral analysis has traditionally yielded precise values for some stellar parameters but stars in common between catalogs from different authors or analyzed using different techniques often show offsets far in excess of their uncertainties. Most analyses now use some external constraint, when available, to break observed degeneracies between surface gravity, effective temperature, and metallicity which can otherwise lead to correlated errors in results. However, these external constraints are impossible to obtain for all stars and can require more costly observations than the initial high resolution spectra. We demonstrate that these discrepencies can be mitigated by use of a larger line list that has carefully tuned atomic line data. We use an iterative modeling technique that does not require external constraints. We compare the surface gravity obtained with our spectral synthesis modeling to asteroseismically determined values for 42 Kepler stars. Our analysis agrees well with only a 0.048 dex offset and an rms scatter of 0.05 dex. Such <span class="hlt">accurate</span> stellar gravities can reduce the primary source of uncertainty in radii by almost an order of magnitude over unconstrained spectral