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1

Core competence (knowledge) (skill)  

E-print Network

Core competence 8 5~8 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 PPS003 Ver. 1.1 2011/03/07 #12; 2 (knowledge) (skill) (attitude) Set of skill, knowledge or attitude which should be learned or acquired by each, 2000) (knowledge) (skill) (attitude) Set of skill, knowledge or attitude which should be learned

Wu, Yih-Min

2

Knowledge & Skills Foundations  

E-print Network

#12;Knowledge & Skills Foundations In the social sciences, incoming students succeed when they are armed with specific knowledge and skills--but above all, when they are ready to embrace the learning process. Basic Knowledge & Skills Students who are ready for entry-level courses are familiar

Hood, Craig

3

ACQUIRING FOREIGN LANGUAGE READING SKILLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE-DAY WORKSHOPS WERE SET UP IN NINE DIFFERENT REGIONAL CENTERS IN MINNESOTA TO DEAL WITH THE PROBLEM OF TEACHING READING SKILLS IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE. EACH CENTER WAS ASSIGNED SPECIFIC AND RELATED TOPICS TO WORK ON, FOREIGN LANGUAGE SPECIALISTS TO SERVE AS GROUP INSTRUCTORS, AND GUEST SPEAKERS. THE FIRST FOUR WORKSHOPS WERE CONCERNED WITH…

BIRKMAIER, EMMA; JACK, WILLIAM

4

Representing and acquiring geographic knowledge  

SciTech Connect

Intended for researchers and students in AI, cognitive psychology, and computational geometry, this work presents an original theory of how knowledge of a large-scale neighborhood can be represented symbolically in a computer program, accessed for use, and increased by experience. The discussion analyzes related work in the field, presents an actual computer implementation, and suggests areas for further research.

Davis, E.

1986-01-01

5

CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Research Skills, Technical Skills): CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge): Graduates will be knowledgeable  

E-print Network

of repertoire; DOROTHY F. SCHMIDT COLLEGE OF ARTS & LETTERS DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC B.Mus. MUSIC EDUCATION) technical challenges of repertoire. For the B. Music (Music Education): CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative) and CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS (Practical Skills): Graduates with B. Mus. (Music Education) will demonstrate

Fernandez, Eduardo

6

Knowledge and Skill Guidelines for Aquaculture Technicians  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Marine Advanced Technology Education Center (MATE) has provided this overview of knowledge and skill guidelines for aquaculture technicians. The report begins with detailing the background of the creation of these guidelines, which occurred at the third annual Rhode Island Aquaculture Conference in Warwick, Rhode Island. Competency areas for aquaculture technicians outlined in the report are laboratory skills, math skills, knowledge of basic chemistry, field experience, knowledge of basic biology, mechanical skills, communication skills, analytical skills, internship experience, time management skills, computer skills, basic business skills and staying up-to-date.

2011-09-20

7

Acquiring case adaptation knowledge: A hybrid approach  

SciTech Connect

The ability of case-based reasoning (CBR) systems to apply cases to novel situations depends on their case adaptation knowledge. However, endowing CBR systems with adequate adaptation knowledge has proven to be a very difficult task. This paper describes a hybrid method for performing case adaptation, using a combination of rule-based and case-based reasoning. It shows how this approach provides a framework for acquiring flexible adaptation knowledge from experiences with autonomous adaptation and suggests its potential as a basis for acquisition of adaptation knowledge from interactive user guidance. It also presents initial experimental results examining the benefits of the approach and comparing the relative contributions of case learning and adaptation learning to reasoning performance.

Leake, D.B.; Kinley, A.; Wilson, D. [Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)

1996-12-31

8

Motor skill depends on knowledge of facts  

PubMed Central

Those in 20th century philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience who have discussed the nature of skilled action have, for the most part, accepted the view that being skilled at an activity is independent of knowing facts about that activity, i.e., that skill is independent of knowledge of facts. In this paper we question this view of motor skill. We begin by situating the notion of skill in historical and philosophical context. We use the discussion to explain and motivate the view that motor skill depends upon knowledge of facts. This conclusion seemingly contradicts well-known results in cognitive science. It is natural, on the face of it, to take the case of H.M., the seminal case in cognitive neuroscience that led to the discovery of different memory systems, as providing powerful evidence for the independence of knowledge and skill acquisition. After all, H.M. seems to show that motor learning is retained even when previous knowledge about the activity has been lost. Improvements in skill generally require increased precision of selected actions, which we call motor acuity. Motor acuity may indeed not require propositional knowledge and has direct parallels with perceptual acuity. We argue, however, that reflection on the specifics of H.M.'s case, as well as other research on the nature of skill, indicates that learning to become skilled at a motor task, for example tennis, depends also on knowledge-based selection of the right actions. Thus skilled activity requires both acuity and knowledge, with both increasing with practice. The moral of our discussion ranges beyond debates about motor skill; we argue that it undermines any attempt to draw a distinction between practical and theoretical activities. While we will reject the independence of skill and knowledge, our discussion leaves open several different possible relations between knowledge and skill. Deciding between them is a task to be resolved by future research. PMID:24009571

Stanley, Jason; Krakauer, John W.

2013-01-01

9

Preschoolers Acquire General Knowledge by Sharing in Pretense  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children acquire general knowledge about many kinds of things, but there are few known means by which this knowledge is acquired. In this article, it is proposed that children acquire generic knowledge by sharing in pretend play. In Experiment 1, twenty-two 3- to 4-year-olds watched pretense in which a puppet represented a "nerp" (an unfamiliar…

Sutherland, Shelbie L.; Friedman, Ori

2012-01-01

10

Domain-Specific Knowledge and Why Teaching Generic Skills Does Not Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Domain-general cognitive knowledge has frequently been used to explain skill when domain-specific knowledge held in long-term memory may provide a better explanation. An emphasis on domain-general knowledge may be misplaced if domain-specific knowledge is the primary factor driving acquired intellectual skills. We trace the long history of…

Tricot, André; Sweller, John

2014-01-01

11

14 CFR 133.23 - Knowledge and skill.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Knowledge and skill. 133.23 Section 133... Certification Rules § 133.23 Knowledge and skill. (a) Except as provided...demonstrate to the Administrator satisfactory knowledge and skill regarding rotorcraft...

2014-01-01

12

14 CFR 133.23 - Knowledge and skill.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Knowledge and skill. 133.23 Section 133... Certification Rules § 133.23 Knowledge and skill. (a) Except as provided...demonstrate to the Administrator satisfactory knowledge and skill regarding rotorcraft...

2013-01-01

13

14 CFR 133.23 - Knowledge and skill.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Knowledge and skill. 133.23 Section 133... Certification Rules § 133.23 Knowledge and skill. (a) Except as provided...demonstrate to the Administrator satisfactory knowledge and skill regarding rotorcraft...

2012-01-01

14

14 CFR 133.23 - Knowledge and skill.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Knowledge and skill. 133.23 Section 133... Certification Rules § 133.23 Knowledge and skill. (a) Except as provided...demonstrate to the Administrator satisfactory knowledge and skill regarding rotorcraft...

2011-01-01

15

14 CFR 133.23 - Knowledge and skill.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Knowledge and skill. 133.23 Section 133... Certification Rules § 133.23 Knowledge and skill. (a) Except as provided...demonstrate to the Administrator satisfactory knowledge and skill regarding rotorcraft...

2010-01-01

16

Acquiring Knowledge of Derived Nominals and Derived Adjectives in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This research investigated children's ability to acquire semantic and syntactic knowledge of derived nominals and derived adjectives in the context of short passages. The study also investigated the relation of morphological awareness and the ability to acquire knowledge of derived words in context. Method: A total of 106 children in…

Marinellie, Sally A.; Kneile, Lynn A.

2012-01-01

17

[Acquiring nursing knowledge through the constructivist method].  

PubMed

This article reflects on Vygotsky's theory of knowledge construction by nursing professionals. In the Vygotskian approach, persons are seen as agents who transform and are transformed by the social relationships of a particular culture, or more specifically by the life-long dialectical interaction of human beings and their social and cultural environments. The theory of constructivism seeks to explain the modification of an individual's knowledge strategy throughout his or her life. The constructivist ideas advocated by Vygotsky may represent an alternative method for theoretical and practical health studies, particularly in relation to the subjective dimension of nursing staff collective work. PMID:24310702

Heimann, Candice; Prado, Cláudia; de Moraes, Rose Reny Sousa Patricio; Vidal, Giselle Vieira; Liberal, Diana; Oliveira, Gésica Kelly da Silva; Barata, Michele Viana

2013-08-01

18

Tourism Skills Delivery: Sharing Tourism Knowledge Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to share the authors' initial insights into tourism industry capacity building via flexibly delivered online skilling and knowledge sharing. Design/methodology/approach: An online research survey approach was employed, involving a sample of 64 micro tourism operators. Findings: The paper finds that the major…

Braun, Patrice; Hollick, Mary

2006-01-01

19

49 CFR 383.135 - Passing knowledge and skills tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Passing knowledge and skills tests. 383.135 Section 383...AND PENALTIES Tests § 383.135 Passing knowledge and skills tests. (a) Knowledge tests. (1) To achieve a passing...

2012-10-01

20

49 CFR 383.135 - Passing knowledge and skills tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Passing knowledge and skills tests. 383.135 Section 383...AND PENALTIES Tests § 383.135 Passing knowledge and skills tests. (a) Knowledge tests. (1) To achieve a passing...

2011-10-01

21

49 CFR 383.135 - Passing knowledge and skills tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Passing knowledge and skills tests. 383.135 Section 383...AND PENALTIES Tests § 383.135 Passing knowledge and skills tests. (a) Knowledge tests. (1) To achieve a passing...

2013-10-01

22

Counselling on breastfeeding: assessing knowledge and skills.  

PubMed Central

Reported are the results of a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of the WHO/UNICEF 40-hour course "Breastfeeding counselling: a training course". The course was conducted in a maternity hospital which provides care to a low-income population in a metropolitan area in São Paulo, Brazil. Health workers from 60 health units were randomly assigned to be either participants (20) or controls (40), and their breastfeeding knowledge and skills were assessed before and immediately after the course, as well as 3 months later. Immediately after the course the participants' knowledge of breastfeeding had increased significantly compared to controls. Both their clinical and counselling skills also improved significantly. When assessed 3 months later, the scores remained high with only a small decrease. The implementation of the course was also evaluated. The methods used were participatory observation, key interviews and focus group discussion. In the 33 sessions of the course, the average score was 8.43 out of 10. Scores were highest for content and methodology of the theory sessions, and lowest for "use of time", "clinical management of lactation", and "discussion of clinical practice". "Breastfeeding counselling: a training course" therefore effectively increases health workers' knowledge and their clinical and counselling skills for the support of breastfeeding. The course can be conducted adequately using the material and methodology proposed, but could be more satisfactory if the time allocated to exercises and clinical practice sessions were increased. PMID:10427934

Rea, M. F.; Venancio, S. I.; Martines, J. C.; Savage, F.

1999-01-01

23

Careers Service Skills acquired by Mathematics and Statistics Graduates  

E-print Network

in recent graduates. It also provides an assessment of the importance of 28 key skills, grouped loosely deadlines Hardworking and having a good work ethic Team working and co-operation skills Assessment% Appropriate dress and appearance 47% 41% Networking skills 26% 52% Influencing and negotiating skills 23% 53

24

Young Children's Recognition of How and when Knowledge Was Acquired  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments investigated young children's understanding of how and when knowledge was acquired. In Experiment 1, thirty 4- and 5-year-olds were shown or told about various toys hidden in distinctive containers in two sessions a week apart. In the second session, children were asked how and when they learned the containers' contents. They more…

Tang, Connie M.; Bartsch, Karen

2012-01-01

25

Clinical Skills Acquired during a Clerkship in Family Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the preceived acquisition of clinical skills by second-year medical students in six required clerkships is reported. The students completed self-assessments of their clinical skills when taking the family medicine clerkship. The principal contributions of the family medicine clerkship were in the management of common problems.…

Michener, J. Lloyd; And Others

1986-01-01

26

Coherence and the development of professional knowledge and skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

It can be difficult for students to relate theoretical knowledge and practical skills when making the transition from the classroom to professional practice. The concept of coherence has been suggested as an appropriate way to address how the relationships involved (i.e. between theoretical knowledge and practical skills and between classroom teaching and professional practice) affect the development of professional knowledge

Jens-Christian Smeby; Kåre Heggen

2012-01-01

27

Social Skills Treatment for People With Severe, Chronic Acquired Brain Injuries: A Multicenter Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT. McDonald S, Tate R, Togher L, Bornhofen C, Long E, Gertler P, Bowen R. Social skills treatment for people with severe, chronic acquired brain injuries: a multicenter trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008;89:1648-59. Objective: To determine whether social skills deficits in-

Skye McDonald; Robyn Tate; Leanne Togher; Cristina Bornhofen; Paul Gertler; Rebecca Bowen

2008-01-01

28

Coherence and the Development of Professional Knowledge and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It can be difficult for students to relate theoretical knowledge and practical skills when making the transition from the classroom to professional practice. The concept of coherence has been suggested as an appropriate way to address how the relationships involved (i.e. between theoretical knowledge and practical skills and between classroom…

Smeby, Jens-Christian; Heggen, Kåre

2014-01-01

29

K=Knowledge S=Skill AB=Attitude/Behavior  

E-print Network

Cognitive Domain: K=Knowledge S=Skill AB=Attitude/Behavior Institutional Learning Objectives: KI Knowledge of the normal structure of the human body (cell tissues and organs). K2 Knowledge of the normal function of the human body (cell tissues and organs). K3 Knowledge of the nature of agents and mechanisms

Finley Jr., Russell L.

30

Increasing Aspiring Principals' Readiness to Serve: Knowledge and Skill Application Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most leadership programs emphasize knowledge over skills, being skillful over how to be skillful, knowledge about skills over skill application, and ad hoc and hard-to-assess field activities over focused and observable skill practice. "Knowledge and skill application laboratories" provide opportunities to experiment with--and receive…

Eiseman, Jeffrey W.; Militello, Matthew

2008-01-01

31

Transcultural knowledge and skills transfer: issues arising from evaluation processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transfer of knowledge, policy and practice between nations increasingly involves knowledge of the theory and practice of evaluation. This article examines issues arising from the transcultural evaluation of a drug and alcohol misuse knowledge and skills transfer programme for nurses, nurse teachers and medical staff in the narcology service in St Petersburg, Russia that ran between 1995 and 2004.

Anita J. Green; David G. Holloway

2007-01-01

32

Skills, rules and knowledge in aircraft maintenance: errors in context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic or skill-based behaviour is generally considered to be less prone to error than behaviour directed by conscious control. However, researchers who have applied Rasmussen's skill-rule-knowledge human error framework to accidents and incidents have sometimes found that skill-based errors appear in significant numbers. It is proposed that this is largely a reflection of the opportunities for error which workplaces present

Alan Hobbs; Ann Williamson

2002-01-01

33

Higher Skills and the Knowledge Economy: The Challenge of Offshoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent economics literature on offshoring highlights the trend towards the relocation of high-skill jobs to emerging economies. This evolution presents a challenge to the established knowledge economy discourse on which the relationship between higher education, higher skills, higher productivity and higher incomes has been based. This paper…

Craig, John; Gunn, Andrew

2010-01-01

34

20 CFR 702.419 - Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury. Whenever an employer acquires knowledge of an employee's...

2012-04-01

35

20 CFR 702.419 - Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury. Whenever an employer acquires knowledge of an employee's...

2013-04-01

36

20 CFR 702.419 - Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury. Whenever an employer acquires knowledge of an employee's...

2010-04-01

37

20 CFR 702.419 - Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury.  

... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury. Whenever an employer acquires knowledge of an employee's...

2014-04-01

38

20 CFR 702.419 - Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury... Action by employer upon acquiring knowledge or being given notice of injury. Whenever an employer acquires knowledge of an employee's...

2011-04-01

39

14 CFR 121.434 - Operating experience, operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. 121.434 Section 121...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. (a) No certificate...operating flight time for consolidation of knowledge and skills, required by this...

2012-01-01

40

14 CFR 121.434 - Operating experience, operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. 121.434 Section 121...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. (a) No certificate...operating flight time for consolidation of knowledge and skills, required by this...

2011-01-01

41

14 CFR 121.434 - Operating experience, operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. 121.434 Section 121...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. (a) No certificate...operating flight time for consolidation of knowledge and skills, required by this...

2013-01-01

42

14 CFR 121.434 - Operating experience, operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills.  

...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. 121.434 Section 121...operating cycles, and consolidation of knowledge and skills. Link to an amendment...operating flight time for consolidation of knowledge and skills, required by this...

2014-01-01

43

Can Student Teachers Acquire Core Skills for Teaching from Part-Time Employment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part-time employment among university students has become commonplace internationally. Research has largely focused on the impact of part-time employment on academic performance. This research takes an original approach in that it poses the question whether students can acquire core skills relevant to teaching from their part-time employment. The…

Wylie, Ken; Cummins, Brian

2013-01-01

44

Do Learning Skills Acquired in the University Access Programme Enhance Participation in Academic Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I critically evaluate whether or not learning skills acquired in the university access programme enhance participation in academic practice. University access programmes have been developed with a view to preparing and empowering under-prepared students who did not meet the university criteria. The article claims that even though…

Hlalele, D. J.

2010-01-01

45

A formal methodology for acquiring and representing expert knowledge  

SciTech Connect

The process of eliciting knowledge from human experts and representing that knowledge in an expert or knowledge-based system suffers from numerous problems. Not only is this process time-consuming and tedious, but the weak knowledge acquisition methods typically used (i.e., interviews and protocol analysis) are inadequate for eliciting tacit knowledge and may, in fact, lead to inaccuracies in the knowledge base. In addition, the intended knowledge representation scheme guides the acquisition of knowledge resulting in a representation-driven knowledge base as opposed to one that is knowledge-driven. In this paper, a formal methodology is proposed that employs techniques from the field of cognitive psychology to uncover expert knowledge as well as an appropriate representation of that knowledge. The advantages of such a methodology are discussed, as well as results from studies concerning the elicitation of concepts from experts and the assignment of labels to links in empirically derived semantic networks.

Cooke, N.M.; McDonald, J.E.

1986-10-01

46

Learning outside the Laboratory: Ability and Non-Ability Influences on Acquiring Political Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify sources of individual differences in knowledge acquired under natural conditions. Through its direct influence on background knowledge, crystallized intelligence (Gc) had a major impact on political knowledge, acquired over a period of more than 2 months, but there were independent influences of…

Hambrick, David Z.; Meinz, Elizabeth J.; Pink, Jeffrey E.; Pettibone, Jonathan C.; Oswald, Frederick L.

2010-01-01

47

The socially skilled teacher and the development of tacit knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skilled interpersonal relations are crucial for effective teaching and learning but much professional knowledge here is tacit and thus not easily communicated. This article presents the results of a study that examined the tacit knowledge of trainee and experienced teachers in relation to various problematic interpersonal aspects of school life. Trainee (n = 501) and experienced (n = 163) teachers

Julian G. Elliott; Steven E. Stemler; Robert J. Sternberg; Elena L. Grigorenko; Newman Hoffman

2011-01-01

48

Acquiring surgical skills: the role of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.  

PubMed

Contemporary surgeons are expected to develop and maintain competence across a range of skills far broader than that demanded of last century's surgeons. This is increasingly difficult to achieve in a competitive clinical environment in which the effectiveness of the traditional apprenticeship model can be compromised. New training paradigms must be found to ensure that the quality of surgical training is maintained and enhanced. Acquiring technical skills in the operating theatre is expensive, but training using simulations in the skills laboratory is gaining credibility and validity as a means to augment the clinical experience and accelerate training. The emerging role of surgical skills courses extends to training in behaviour and attitude. At the same time, there is a rapidly growing demand for training courses in technical surgical skills, particularly from prevocational trainees aspiring to enter surgical training. This group has been neglected by the new Surgical Education and Training programme, and re-engagement with them is now a priority. Most skills courses rely on surgeons willing to teach pro bono, and paying tutors would impose a significant additional cost on surgical training. However, recruiting enough fellows to meet the demand for tutors remains a challenge. The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is actively engaged in supporting and developing skills training courses and programmes to address the range of skills required for surgical competence. PMID:23656315

Perry, Richard E; Oldfield, Zaita

2013-06-01

49

Acquiring Search-Control Knowledge Via Static Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explanation-Based Learning (EBL) is a widely-used technique for acquiring searchcontrolknowledge. Recently, Prieditis, van Harmelen, and Bundy pointed to the similaritybetween Partial Evaluation (PE) and EBL. However, EBL utilizes training examples whereasPE does not. It is natural to inquire, therefore, whether PE can be used to acquire searchcontrolknowledge, and if so at what cost? This paper answers these questions by means

Oren Etzioni

1993-01-01

50

Transcultural nursing with Native Americans: critical knowledge, skills, and attitudes.  

PubMed

Native American nurses are in an ideal position to articulate how to serve Native people in ways that respect indigenous cultures. Forty Native American nurses and nursing students completed a survey on knowledge, skills, and attitudes/values necessary for culturally competent service provision to Native patients. Four knowledge themes, four skill themes, and three attitude/value themes were identified. Nurses must know about and show respect for the culture and history of Native groups, including culturally specific health beliefs and healing practices. Skills must be tailored for work in a non-Western context, and containment skills become particularly important. Additionally, respecting diversity and traditions and being open-minded and nonethnocentric are fundamental. This study provides valuable information nurses can use to enhance their work with indigenous people. PMID:10693406

Weaver, H N

1999-07-01

51

Knowledge and Attitudes about Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in Nursing and Nonnursing Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the differences in knowledge and attitudes about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among registered nurses, baccalaureate nursing students, liberal arts students, and non-nurse adults. It also investigated the effects of increasing knowledge on attitudes. (MSE)

Lawrence, Sally A.; Lawrence, Rena M.

1989-01-01

52

Can student teachers acquire core skills for teaching from part-time employment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part-time employment among university students has become commonplace internationally. Research has largely focused on the impact of part-time employment on academic performance. This research takes an original approach in that it poses the question whether students can acquire core skills relevant to teaching from their part-time employment. The research was conducted in a university college of education. A case study

Ken Wylie; Brian Cummins

2012-01-01

53

Effects of Negative Information on Acquiring Procedural Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Usually, the material for learning is given in a positive form, i.e. xxx is yyy. This type of information will help organize the core of the target knowledge. Instead of this type of information, negative information, i.e. xxx is not zzz, will help sharpen the edge or extent of the target knowledge. Hence, it is expected that the negative information

Masaaki Kurosu; Yousuke Ookawa

2002-01-01

54

Skills, rules and knowledge in aircraft maintenance: errors in context  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic or skill-based behaviour is generally considered to be less prone to error than behaviour directed by conscious control. However, researchers who have applied Rasmussen's skill-rule-knowledge human error framework to accidents and incidents have sometimes found that skill-based errors appear in significant numbers. It is proposed that this is largely a reflection of the opportunities for error which workplaces present and does not indicate that skill-based behaviour is intrinsically unreliable. In the current study, 99 errors reported by 72 aircraft mechanics were examined in the light of a task analysis based on observations of the work of 25 aircraft mechanics. The task analysis identified the opportunities for error presented at various stages of maintenance work packages and by the job as a whole. Once the frequency of each error type was normalized in terms of the opportunities for error, it became apparent that skill-based performance is more reliable than rule-based performance, which is in turn more reliable than knowledge-based performance. The results reinforce the belief that industrial safety interventions designed to reduce errors would best be directed at those aspects of jobs that involve rule- and knowledge-based performance.

Hobbs, Alan; Williamson, Ann

2002-01-01

55

Authoring tool: acquiring sharable knowledge for Smart CDSS.  

PubMed

Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) assist clinicians in making clinical decisions by using experts' knowledge stored in the knowledge base. However, sharing and reusing the knowledge is a challenging task. Many systems are developed to facilitate sharing of medical knowledge and allow its reusability. These systems are compliant to standard approaches such as HL7 Arden Syntax and HL7 CDA (Clinical Document Architecture) to incorporate medical logic in standard format. The main drawback with these systems is the complicated procedure in the development of clinical knowledge by ordinary clinicians. The proposed research work is focusing on developing authoring tool that creates sharable clinical knowledge base using standards such as HL7 Arden Syntax, HL7 vMR and HL7 CDA. Moreover, the authoring tool provides user friendly GUI to facilitate clinicians in creating standard based executable clinical knowledge base. We are closely working with oncologists and clinicians of a prominent cancer hospital to deploy the tool for Head and Neck Cancer diagnosis and treatment recommendations. PMID:24109928

Ali, Taqdir; Hussain, Maqbool; Ali Khan, Wajahat; Afzal, Muhammad; Lee, Sungyoung

2013-01-01

56

Collaborative business relationships : Helping firms to acquire skills and economies to prosper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to describe in depth case studies demonstrating that many small companies that participate in collaborative relationships are not realising the knowledge and skill acquisition benefits that policy makers envision when they formulate public policy that promotes creation of collaborative business relationships. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Hamel's theory of inter-partner learning is built upon to explain the possible

Nitha Palakshappa; Mary Ellen Gordon

2007-01-01

57

Using Analogy to Acquire Commonsense Knowledge from Human Contributors  

E-print Network

The goal of the work reported here is to capture the commonsense knowledge of non-expert human contributors. Achieving this goal will enable more intelligent human-computer interfaces and pave the way for computers to ...

Chklovski, Timothy

2003-02-12

58

Using analogy to acquire commonsense knowledge from human Contributors  

E-print Network

The goal of the work reported here is to capture the commonsense knowledge of non-expert human contributors. Achieving this goal will enable more intelligent human-computer interfaces and pave the way for computers to ...

Chklovski, Timothy A. (Timothy Anatolievich), 1977-

2003-01-01

59

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes for Academic Reference Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of Australian academic reference librarians was conducted as part of an international collaboration seeking to identify the most important knowledge, skills and attributes now and for the next ten years. Librarians working in or managing reference-related services at university and vocational education and training institutions…

Haddow, Gaby

2012-01-01

60

The Effects of Argument Stance on Scientific Knowledge Inquiry Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effects of argument stance on knowledge inquiry skills. Sixty-two participants were assigned to three argument stance conditions (proponent, opponent, or control) to receive scaffolded argumentation practice on two science issues in random order. After the argumentation treatment, participants were asked to write down…

Horng, Ruey-Yun; Lu, Po-Hui; Chen, Pei-Hua; Hou, Shih-Huan

2013-01-01

61

Intercultural Knowledge and Skills in Social Service Work with Refugees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This grounded theory study examined how social service providers and refugee service recipients in a city in the upper Midwestern United States described the intercultural knowledge and skills necessary for effective work with refugees. Ten refugee service recipients, 28 county service providers, and 9 "stakeholders," or noncounty service…

Phillips, Amy

2009-01-01

62

Pregnancy, Birth, Infant and Child Care: Midwifery Skill and Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation, which is based in part on a cross-cultural survey of East Africans and also on research conducted in Ethiopia, highlights the importance of traditional knowledge of midwifery. Examples of traditional skills in pregancy and birth care, and of child care and child rearing in several East African countries, are offered. It is…

Negussie, Birgit

63

Curriculum factors influencing knowledge of communication skills among medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Communication training builds on the assumption that understanding of the concepts related to professional communication facilitates the training. We know little about whether students' knowledge of clinical communication skills is affected by their attendance of communication training courses, or to what degree other elements of the clinical training or curriculum design also play a role. The aim of this

Anders Baerheim; Per Hjortdahl; Are Holen; Tor Anvik; Ole Bernt Fasmer; Hilde Grimstad; Tore Gude; Terje Risberg; Per Vaglum

2007-01-01

64

CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge and Technical Skills): Students will demonstrate a broad knowledge of fundamental and applied engineering subjects: fluid  

E-print Network

knowledge of fundamental and applied engineering subjects: fluid and solid mechanics, dynamics, hydrostatics, data analysis, oceanography, ocean wave mechanics, underwater acoustics, dynamic systems and control Department of OCEAN & MECHANICAL ENGINEERING B.S. OCEAN ENGINEERING #12;COMMUNICATION SKILLS: The students

Fernandez, Eduardo

65

The roles of ability, personality, and interests in acquiring current events knowledge: A longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate sources of inter-individual differences in current events knowledge. The study occurred in two sessions. In the initial session, 579 participants completed tests to ability, personality, and interest factors, as well as prior knowledge of current events. Approximately 10 weeks later, participants completed tests to assess new knowledge of current events, acquired since the

David Z. Hambrick; Jeffrey E. Pink; Elizabeth J. Meinz; Jonathan C. Pettibone; Frederick L. Oswald

2008-01-01

66

Do knowledge, knowledge sources and reasoning skills affect the accuracy of nursing diagnoses? a randomised study  

PubMed Central

Background This paper reports a study about the effect of knowledge sources, such as handbooks, an assessment format and a predefined record structure for diagnostic documentation, as well as the influence of knowledge, disposition toward critical thinking and reasoning skills, on the accuracy of nursing diagnoses. Knowledge sources can support nurses in deriving diagnoses. A nurse’s disposition toward critical thinking and reasoning skills is also thought to influence the accuracy of his or her nursing diagnoses. Method A randomised factorial design was used in 2008–2009 to determine the effect of knowledge sources. We used the following instruments to assess the influence of ready knowledge, disposition, and reasoning skills on the accuracy of diagnoses: (1) a knowledge inventory, (2) the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory, and (3) the Health Science Reasoning Test. Nurses (n?=?249) were randomly assigned to one of four factorial groups, and were instructed to derive diagnoses based on an assessment interview with a simulated patient/actor. Results The use of a predefined record structure resulted in a significantly higher accuracy of nursing diagnoses. A regression analysis reveals that almost half of the variance in the accuracy of diagnoses is explained by the use of a predefined record structure, a nurse’s age and the reasoning skills of `deduction’ and `analysis’. Conclusions Improving nurses’ dispositions toward critical thinking and reasoning skills, and the use of a predefined record structure, improves accuracy of nursing diagnoses. PMID:22852577

2012-01-01

67

Acquiring knowledge about biodiversity in a museum — are worksheets effective?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effectiveness of worksheets while learning about biodiversity in a natural history museum. Despite the frequent use of worksheets by school classes during out-of-school activities, their effectiveness in enhancing knowledge acquisition has been addressed by relatively few empirical studies. 148 Austrian grammar school students aged eleven to fifteen took part in the pre- and post-test questionnaire study

Angela Kromba?; Ute Harms

2008-01-01

68

ISS Update: Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students (EarthKAM)  

NASA Video Gallery

ISS Update commentator Pat Ryan talks to Brion Au, Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students (EarthKAM) Payload Developer, about the EarthKAM investigation being performed aboard the Inter...

69

14 CFR 65.119 - Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.119 Section 65.119...119 Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. An applicant for a master...

2010-01-01

70

14 CFR 65.119 - Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.119 Section 65.119...119 Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. An applicant for a master...

2012-01-01

71

14 CFR 65.115 - Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.115 Section 65.115...115 Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. Except as provided in §...

2012-01-01

72

14 CFR 65.119 - Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.119 Section 65.119...119 Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. An applicant for a master...

2013-01-01

73

14 CFR 65.115 - Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

...false Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.115 Section 65.115...115 Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. Except as provided in §...

2014-01-01

74

14 CFR 65.119 - Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.119 Section 65.119...119 Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. An applicant for a master...

2011-01-01

75

14 CFR 65.115 - Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.115 Section 65.115...115 Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. Except as provided in §...

2011-01-01

76

14 CFR 65.115 - Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.115 Section 65.115...115 Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. Except as provided in §...

2010-01-01

77

14 CFR 65.115 - Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.115 Section 65.115...115 Senior parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. Except as provided in §...

2013-01-01

78

14 CFR 65.119 - Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements.  

...false Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. 65.119 Section 65.119...119 Master parachute rigger certificate: Experience, knowledge, and skill requirements. An applicant for a master...

2014-01-01

79

4.1 Introduction Rather little is known about how children acquire musical knowledge. However,  

E-print Network

89 4.1 Introduction Rather little is known about how children acquire musical knowledge. However be for such transfer. Engaging infants and young children in music appears to be a cross-cultural universal, and it has, everyday exposure to the music of one's culture does lead to implicit knowledge about its pitch

Trainor, Laurel J.

80

Ysgoloriaethau Sgiliau'r Economi Gwybodaeth Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships (KESS)  

E-print Network

Ysgoloriaethau Sgiliau'r Economi Gwybodaeth Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships (KESS) COMPANY FACTSHEET (Mar11) What are Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships? The Knowledge Economy Skills, jointly sponsored by business partners who are based in the Convergence areas of Wales. KESS aims

Davies, Christopher

81

Knowledge, Skills, and Resources for Pharmacy Informatics Education  

PubMed Central

Pharmacy has an established history of technology use to support business processes. Pharmacy informatics education within doctor of pharmacy programs, however, is inconsistent, despite its inclusion as a requirement in the 2007 Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education Standards and Guidelines. This manuscript describes pharmacy informatics knowledge and skills that all graduating pharmacy students should possess, conceptualized within the framework of the medication use process. Additionally, we suggest core source materials and specific learning activities to support pharmacy informatics education. We conclude with a brief discussion of emerging changes in the practice model. These changes are facilitated by pharmacy informatics and will inevitably become commonplace in our graduates’ practice environment. PMID:21829267

Fox, Brent I.; Flynn, Allen J.; Fortier, Christopher R.; Clauson, Kevin A.

2011-01-01

82

Design of knowledge trading negotiation model for accelerating acquirement of knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this era of innovative economics, knowledge commerce (k-commerce) has become one of the key channels through which businesses obtain knowledge and creativity. However, the intrinsic quality of knowledge and the differences in the value perceptions of both parties involved in a transaction often result in conflicts. This study investigates the key success factors of a one-to-many multi-objective negotiation mechanism,

Tsung-Yi Chen; Yuh-Min Chen; Hui-Ying Cai

2012-01-01

83

Automatically Acquiring Domain Knowledge For Adaptive Game AI Using Evolutionary Learning  

E-print Network

is the decision-making process of computer-controlled opponents in computer games. Adaptive game AI can improve (Schaeffer 2001). Adaptive game AI, which concerns methods for adapting the behavior of computer-controlledAutomatically Acquiring Domain Knowledge For Adaptive Game AI Using Evolutionary Learning Marc J

Spronck, Pieter

84

The Relationship between Writing Knowledge and Writing Performance among More and Less Skilled Writers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One ingredient that may serve as a catalyst for writing development is changes in writing knowledge. This study assessed the veracity of two tenets underlying this proposal: that skilled writers are more knowledgeable than less skilled writers, and that individual differences in knowledge are related to writing performance. Both of these…

Saddler, Bruce; Graham, Steve

2007-01-01

85

Action observation and acquired motor skills: an FMRI study with expert dancers.  

PubMed

When we observe someone performing an action, do our brains simulate making that action? Acquired motor skills offer a unique way to test this question, since people differ widely in the actions they have learned to perform. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to study differences in brain activity between watching an action that one has learned to do and an action that one has not, in order to assess whether the brain processes of action observation are modulated by the expertise and motor repertoire of the observer. Experts in classical ballet, experts in capoeira and inexpert control subjects viewed videos of ballet or capoeira actions. Comparing the brain activity when dancers watched their own dance style versus the other style therefore reveals the influence of motor expertise on action observation. We found greater bilateral activations in premotor cortex and intraparietal sulcus, right superior parietal lobe and left posterior superior temporal sulcus when expert dancers viewed movements that they had been trained to perform compared to movements they had not. Our results show that this 'mirror system' integrates observed actions of others with an individual's personal motor repertoire, and suggest that the human brain understands actions by motor simulation. PMID:15616133

Calvo-Merino, B; Glaser, D E; Grèzes, J; Passingham, R E; Haggard, P

2005-08-01

86

Surveying knowledge and skills in the health sciences: results and implications.  

PubMed Central

The MLA Knowledge and Skills Task Force was appointed in May 1989. The task force decided to survey a sample of the membership to define the knowledge and skills required for competent professional performance and to enable MLA to establish educational policies which would ensure acquisition and maintenance of the necessary knowledge and skills throughout a professional career. This report presents the initial findings of the survey, upon which MLA's educational policy statement, Platform for Change, is based. PMID:8251975

Roper, F W; Mayfield, M K

1993-01-01

87

Reducing hospital-acquired infections through knowledge-sharing in work teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of a team-based organizational structure for the purpose of improving the quality of the services provided by the health care system. More specifically, the research aims to investigate the efficiency of a cross-functional team-based structure in regard to improving knowledge-sharing and hereby reducing hospital-acquired infections (i.e. health-care associated

Jeanette Lemmergaard

2009-01-01

88

An Analysis of Skills and Knowledge Needed by Firms in the Indianapolis, Indiana MSA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine employers' perceptions of the technical and personal skills and knowledge needed by business and industry in the Indianapolis area. A survey instrument, requesting employers to rate the importance of 17 technical skills and 13 personal skills and to describe the nature of the work at their firms, was distributed…

Carter, Meredith L.

89

The Relationships of Information Efficacy and Media Literacy Skills to Knowledge and Self-Efficacy for Health-Related Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To compare the extent to which information efficacy (confidence for acquiring useful information) and media literacy skills predict knowledge and self-efficacy for preventing or treating the health threat of influenza. Participants: A random-sample survey of 1,379 residential students enrolled at a northwestern public university was…

Austin, Erica Weintraub; Pinkleton, Bruce E.; Austin, Bruce W.; Van de Vord, Rebecca

2012-01-01

90

A Values, Skills and Knowledge Framework for Initial Teacher Preparation Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to introduce an integrated values, skills and knowledge (VSK) framework for initial teacher preparation programmes. The VSK framework articulated, in broad terms, the desired skills and knowledge components for beginning teachers, with the underlying core values permeating the programmes. The paper has two parts, the…

Chong, Sylvia; Cheah, Horn Mun

2009-01-01

91

Identification of the Competencies, Knowledge, and Skills Needed by School Nutrition Assistants in the Current Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: Study objectives were to identify the functional areas, competencies, knowledge, and skills needed by effective school nutrition (SN) assistants in the current SN environment, and determine at what point the SN assistant should be able to know/perform the knowledge/skill statement, at time of hire or after training. Methods: In…

Nettles, Mary Frances; Carr, Deborah H.; Cater, Jerry B.; Federico, Holly A.

2009-01-01

92

Interpretation of Radiological Images: Towards a Framework of Knowledge and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge and skills that are required for radiological image interpretation are not well documented, even though medical imaging is gaining importance. This study aims to develop a comprehensive framework of knowledge and skills, required for two-dimensional and multiplanar image interpretation in radiology. A mixed-method study approach was…

van der Gijp, A.; van der Schaaf, M. F.; van der Schaaf, I. C.; Huige, J. C. B. M.; Ravesloot, C. J.; van Schaik, J. P. J.; ten Cate, Th. J.

2014-01-01

93

Effects of a Personal Safety Program on Preschoolers' Knowledge, Skills, and Perceptions of Child Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined preschoolers' knowledge, skills, and perceptions of child sexual abuse. Seventy-five preschoolers were pretested, randomly assigned to participate in either a personal safety program or a general safety control program, and then posttested. The personal safety program produced significant gains in knowledge and skills thought to be useful in helping children avoid sexual victimization. Program participants improved significantly

Julie A. Sarno; Sandra K. Wurtele

1997-01-01

94

What Is the Alignment Between Knowledge and Skill for University Success and State Academic Content Standards?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a study on the gap between high-school academic content standards and the knowledge and skills needed for success in entry-level university courses. The study had two parts. The first described the development of standards of knowledge and skills for university success (KSUS) through a combination of a modified…

Conley, David T.

95

Hyperactive children and peer interaction: Knowledge and performance of social skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated hyperactive children's peer relations using the framework of social skills theory. Subjects' (15 hyperactive and 15 control boys aged 7 through 11) knowledge of socially appropriate behavior was assessed using the Social Knowledge Interview (Geraci & Asher, 1980). Additionally, performance of social skills with peers was rated by independent judges during free play, a cooperative puzzle task,

Marcia M. Grenell; Carol R. Glass; Kathy S. Katz

1987-01-01

96

A Method of Sharing Tacit Knowledge by a Bulletin Board Link to Video Scene and an Evaluation in the Field of Nursing Skill  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We developed the system that knowledge could be discovered and shared cooperatively in the organization based on the SECI model of knowledge management. This system realized three processes by the following method. (1)A video that expressed skill is segmented into a number of scenes according to its contents. Tacit knowledge is shared in each scene. (2)Tacit knowledge is extracted by bulletin board linked to each scene. (3)Knowledge is acquired by repeatedly viewing the video scene with the comment that shows the technical content to be practiced. We conducted experiments that the system was used by nurses working for general hospitals. Experimental results show that the nursing practical knack is able to be collected by utilizing bulletin board linked to video scene. Results of this study confirmed the possibility of expressing the tacit knowledge of nurses' empirical nursing skills sensitively with a clue of video images.

Shimada, Satoshi; Azuma, Shouzou; Teranaka, Sayaka; Kojima, Akira; Majima, Yukie; Maekawa, Yasuko

97

[Views of final-year medical students at Damascus University about clinical skills acquired before graduation].  

PubMed

Medical education in Syrian universities is facing many challenges that may affect the quality of the education and the standard of graduates. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administrated questionnaire with 76 items to investigate the perceptions of 290 final-year medical students regarding the confidence of performing some core clinical skills. A total of 271 responded (response rate 93.4%). Student responses differed. While confidence was highest for skills that do not require practice in the clinical skills laboratory, it was low for skills that need training in emergency and intensive care units, or when students were participating in patient care with partial responsibility. Our findings confirm the need for effective clinical laboratory training, student participation in emergency room shifts, and that students to be allowed to take some egree of responsibility. PMID:22888627

Alourfi, Z; Hassan, R El Sayed; Koudsi, A

2012-06-01

98

Using knowledge maps applied to open learning to foster thinking skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to discuss the conceptual framework and principles to guide knowledge mapping to foster critical and creative thinking in open content environments. We introduce knowledge mapping techniques and tools and present examples of knowledge maps applied to open learning. Then we present some principles to develop thinking skills, highlighting the importance of mapping techniques to

Alexandra Okada

99

Analysis of a Knowledge-Management-Based Process of Transferring Project Management Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a method for the transfer of knowledge and skills in project management (PM) based on techniques in knowledge management (KM). Design/methodology/approach: The literature contains studies on methods to extract experiential knowledge in PM, but few studies exist that focus on methods to convert…

Ioi, Toshihiro; Ono, Masakazu; Ishii, Kota; Kato, Kazuhiko

2012-01-01

100

Knowledge Management in the Learning Society. Education and Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on understanding knowledge and learning in the contexts of economic development and social cohesion. A preliminary overview is presented of the knowledge processes at work in different sectors, and the book identifies a number of ways in which microlevel or sectoral understanding of the knowledge-based economy is important in…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

101

A Survey of Knowledge Management Skills Acquisition in an Online Team-Based Distributed Computing Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates students' perceptions of their acquisition of knowledge management skills, namely thinking and team-building skills, resulting from the integration of various resources and technologies into an entirely team-based, online upper level distributed computing (DC) information systems (IS) course. Results seem to indicate that…

Thomas, Jennifer D. E.

2007-01-01

102

10 CFR 1046.15 - Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge.  

...2014-01-01 false Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge. 1046.15 Section 1046.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS (Eff. until 3-10-14)...

2014-01-01

103

10 CFR 1046.15 - Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge. 1046.15 Section 1046.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective Force Personnel §...

2011-01-01

104

10 CFR 1046.15 - Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge. 1046.15 Section 1046.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective Force Personnel §...

2012-01-01

105

10 CFR 1046.15 - Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge. 1046.15 Section 1046.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective Force Personnel §...

2013-01-01

106

10 CFR 1046.15 - Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Training and qualification for security skills and knowledge. 1046.15 Section 1046.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective Force Personnel §...

2010-01-01

107

Education through Fiction: Acquiring Opinion-Forming Skills in the Context of Genomics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the outcomes of a newly designed four-lesson science module on opinion-forming in the context of genomics in upper secondary education. The lesson plan aims to foster 16-year-old students' opinion-forming skills in the context of genomics and to test the effect of the use of fiction in the module. The basic hypothesis…

Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; Severiens, Sabine E.; Klop, Tanja

2009-01-01

108

Meaning-making of female genital cutting: children's perception and acquired knowledge of the ritual  

PubMed Central

How do girls who have undergone female genital cutting understand the ritual? This study provides an analysis of the learning process and knowledge acquired in their meaning-making process. Eighteen participants were interviewed in qualitative indepth interviews. Women in Norway, mostly with Somali or Gambian backgrounds, were asked about their experiences of circumcision. Two different strategies were used to prepare girls for circumcision, ie, one involving giving some information and the other keeping the ritual a secret. Findings indicate that these two approaches affected the girls’ meaning-making differently, but both strategies seemed to lead to the same educational outcome. The learning process is carefully monitored and regulated but is brought to a halt, stopping short of critical reflexive thinking. The knowledge tends to be deeply internalized, embodied, and morally embraced. The meaning-making process is discussed by analyzing the use of metaphors and narratives. Given that the educational outcome is characterized by limited knowledge without critical reflection, behavior change programs to end female genital cutting should identify and implement educational stimuli that are likely to promote critical reflexive thinking. PMID:23637562

Schultz, Jon-Hakon; Lien, Inger-Lise

2013-01-01

109

Meaning-making of female genital cutting: children's perception and acquired knowledge of the ritual.  

PubMed

How do girls who have undergone female genital cutting understand the ritual? This study provides an analysis of the learning process and knowledge acquired in their meaning-making process. Eighteen participants were interviewed in qualitative indepth interviews. Women in Norway, mostly with Somali or Gambian backgrounds, were asked about their experiences of circumcision. Two different strategies were used to prepare girls for circumcision, ie, one involving giving some information and the other keeping the ritual a secret. Findings indicate that these two approaches affected the girls' meaning-making differently, but both strategies seemed to lead to the same educational outcome. The learning process is carefully monitored and regulated but is brought to a halt, stopping short of critical reflexive thinking. The knowledge tends to be deeply internalized, embodied, and morally embraced. The meaning-making process is discussed by analyzing the use of metaphors and narratives. Given that the educational outcome is characterized by limited knowledge without critical reflection, behavior change programs to end female genital cutting should identify and implement educational stimuli that are likely to promote critical reflexive thinking. PMID:23637562

Schultz, Jon-Håkon; Lien, Inger-Lise

2013-01-01

110

Learning to be different: acquired skills, social learning, frequency dependence, and environmental variation can cause behaviourally mediated foraging specializations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question: How does the ability to improve foraging skills by learning, and to transfer that learned knowledge, affect the development of intra-population foraging specializations? Features of the model: We use both a state-dependent life-history model implemented by stochastic dynamic programming (SDPM) and an individual-based model (IBM) to capture the dynamic nature of behavioural preferences in feeding. Variables in the SDPM

M. Tim Tinker; Marc Mangel; James A. Estes

111

Writing a bachelor thesis generates transferable knowledge and skills useable in nursing practice.  

PubMed

Generic skills or transferable skills have been discussed in terms of whether or not skills learned in one context can be transferred into another context. The current study was aimed to explore nurses' self-perceptions of the knowledge and skills they had obtained while writing a Bachelor's thesis in nursing education, their experience of the extent of transfer and utilization in their current work. Responding nurses (N=42) had all worked from 1 to 1.5 years after their final examination and had completed a questionnaire that was structured with open-ended questions. Only five nurses reported that they were unable to use any of the knowledge and skills they had obtained from writing a thesis. A majority of the nurses (37/42) could give many examples of the practical application of the skills and knowledge they had obtained. Our findings indicate that writing a thesis as part of an undergraduate degree program plays a major role in the acquisition and development of knowledge and skills which can subsequently be transferred into and utilized in nursing practice. PMID:23141688

Lundgren, Solveig M; Robertsson, Barbro

2013-11-01

112

Teachers' Knowledge and Skills in Phonological Awareness in United Arab Emirates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' knowledge and skills in phonological awareness (PA). The sample included 145 teachers teaching first to 3rd grade elementary public schools in United Arab Emirates (UAE). A valid and reliable instrument was developed together the data. The instrument included to major sections; knowledge and…

Tibi, Sana

2005-01-01

113

The Effects of a STEM Intervention on Elementary Students' Science Knowledge and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to assess elementary students' science process skills, content knowledge, and concept knowledge after one year of participation in an elementary Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) program. This study documented the effects of the combination of intensive professional development and the use of…

Cotabish, Alicia; Dailey, Debbie; Robinson, Ann; Hughes, Gail

2013-01-01

114

Lexical Inference in L2: Predictive Roles of Vocabulary Knowledge and Reading Skill beyond Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the predictive roles of L2 vocabulary knowledge and L2 word reading skills in explaining individual differences in lexical inferencing in the L2. Participants were 53 Israeli high school students who emigrated from the former Soviet Union, and spoke Russian as an L1 and Hebrew as an L2. L2 vocabulary knowledge and…

Prior, Anat; Goldina, Anna; Shany, Michal; Geva, Esther; Katzir, Tami

2014-01-01

115

Medical Providers' Self Perceived Knowledge and Skills for Working With Eating Disorders: A National Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates that individuals suffering from an eating disorder (ED) consult their general practitioners more frequently than those without an eating disorder (Mond, Myers, Crosby, Hay, & Mitchell, 2010). However, little is known about medical providers' existing knowledge of and training in ED detection, intervention, and treatment. This study aimed to examine national medical providers' self-perceived knowledge, skills, and needs

Deanna Linville; Tiffany Brown; Maya ONeil

2012-01-01

116

More than Words: An Early Grades Reading Program Builds Skills and Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five years ago, as a way to ensure that students not only learn to decode but also understand what they decode, the Core Knowledge Foundation, the nonprofit that publishes the Core Knowledge curriculum, created a language arts program for kindergarten through second grade. The program includes two 60-minute strands: (1) a "Skills Strand," in which…

Dubin, Jennifer

2012-01-01

117

Prior Knowledge, Reading Skill, and Text Cohesion in the Comprehension of Science Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how text features (i.e., cohesion) and individual differences (i.e., reading skill and prior knowledge) contribute to biology text comprehension. College students with low and high levels of biology knowledge read two biology texts, one of which was high in cohesion and the other low in cohesion. The two groups were similar in…

Ozuru, Yasuhiro; Dempsey, Kyle; McNamara, Danielle S.

2009-01-01

118

How Does Knowledge Promote Memory? The Distinctiveness Theory of Skilled Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The robust effects of knowledge on memory for domain-relevant information reported in previous research have largely been attributed to improved organizational processing. The present research proposes the distinctiveness theory of skilled memory, which states that knowledge improves memory not only through improved organizational processing but…

Rawson, Katherine A.; Van Overschelde, James P.

2008-01-01

119

Different Forms of Knowledge and New Chinese Skilled Immigrants' Adaptation to New Zealand's Knowledge Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although it is widely accepted that knowledge plays a key role in the economic activities and social life of knowledge societies, our understanding of what counts as knowledge is often incomplete. The explicit features of knowledge enable it to be codified and thus disseminated globally. This can lead to all knowledge simply being reduced to…

Wang, Hong; Thorns, David

2009-01-01

120

Letter Knowledge, Phonological Processing, and Print Knowledge: Skill Development in Nonreading Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of reading skills was examined in 4-year-old children from low-income homes attending a prekindergarten program. Fall to spring gains in letter identification were examined and compared with skills in phonological processing, rhyme detection, and environmental print, and with performance on a screening tool ("Get Ready to Read"). It…

Molfese, Victoria J.; Modglin, Arlene A.; Beswick, Jennifer L.; Neamon, Jessica D.; Berg, Shelby A.; Berg, C. Jeffrey; Molnar, Andrew

2006-01-01

121

Cognitive Domain: K=Knowledge S=Skill  

E-print Network

of the principles and concepts underlying normal behavior and mental illness. K11 Knowledge of the aging process the principles and concepts underlying normal behavior and mental illness. S10 The ability to diagnose and participate in the management of mental illnesses. S11 The ability to apply the therapeutic use of drugs

Finley Jr., Russell L.

122

Soft Skills: An Important Asset Acquired from Organizing Regional Student Group Activities  

PubMed Central

Contributing to a student organization, such as the International Society for Computational Biology Student Council (ISCB-SC) and its Regional Student Group (RSG) program, takes time and energy. Both are scarce commodities, especially when you are trying to find your place in the world of computational biology as a graduate student. It comes as no surprise that organizing ISCB-SC-related activities sometimes interferes with day-to-day research and shakes up your priority list. However, we unanimously agree that the rewards, both in the short as well as the long term, make the time spent on these extracurricular activities more than worth it. In this article, we will explain what makes this so worthwhile: soft skills. PMID:24992198

de Ridder, Jeroen; Meysman, Pieter; Oluwagbemi, Olugbenga; Abeel, Thomas

2014-01-01

123

Young children's knowledge and skills related to sexual abuse prevention: a pilot study in Beijing, China.  

PubMed

To examine the level of knowledge and skills related to prevention of child sexual abuse (CSA) in a sample of Chinese preschoolers in Beijing and to explore the associations between children's scores on the knowledge and skills and their parents' reports on the knowledge and communication with children about CSA prevention. One hundred and thirty-six preschoolers were interviewed by researchers using the Chinese versions of Personal Safety Questionnaire and the "What If" Situation Test, and one parent of each child was invited to complete an anonymous questionnaire regarding parental knowledge and parent-child communication about CSA prevention. Less than half children knew that strangers were not the only perpetrators and only 16% thought that children should report secret touching. In 3 inappropriate touching requests, less than 30% of the children were aware of using verbal response to definitely refuse the inappropriate touching and less than 20% of the children were aware of definitely removing themselves from the abusive situations. Parent-child communication about CSA and parental educational level were the significant factors for children's self-protection skills. Preschool children lack CSA prevention knowledge and related self-protection skills. Culturally relevant primary CSA prevention programs in China need to be developed and parental education should be a part of CSA prevention. Parents need to be informed about CSA knowledge concepts and need to be encouraged to communicate with their children about sexual abuse prevention. PMID:23768932

Zhang, Wenjing; Chen, Jingqi; Feng, Yanan; Li, Jingyi; Zhao, Xiaoxia; Luo, Xiaoling

2013-09-01

124

Knowledge, attitude and performance of academic members regarding effective communication skills in education  

PubMed Central

Background: Communication is the most important part of any educational process, the aim of which is to transfer or exchange ideas and thoughts. It would be provided appropriately if academic members had the communication skills. Considering the important role of academic members in the educational process, in this study, the knowledge, attitude and performance of academic members of School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, were investigated with regard to effective communication skills. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive–analytic study, all academic members of the School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, were studied during the second academic semester of 2006-2007. The data were collected by a valid and reliable three-part questionnaire including knowledge (8 questions and maximum score of 8), attitude (31 questions and maximum score of 155) and observational communication skills checklist (20 questions and maximum score of 20). The obtained data were analyzed by calculating central indices using SPSS software. Findings: The mean knowledge score of studied people in terms of communicational skills, attitude and performance were 4.1 out of 8, 114.4 out of 155 and 16.3 out of 20, respectively. Conclusion: Although the information of the participants of this study in terms of communication skills was not sufficient, they seemed to have a positive attitude and relatively acceptable performance in communication skills. PMID:23555145

Sharifirad, Gholam R.; Rezaeian, Mohsen; Jazini, Akram; Etemadi, Zinat S.

2012-01-01

125

Developing a tool for assessing scientists' views about, knowledge of, and skills in science communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although much effort is being invested in science communication training, the efforts are rarely accompanied by systematic evaluation of learning outcomes; existing evaluations are mainly anecdotal, or specific to a particular program. Standardized assessments will allow comparisons across programs and identification of best practices. This presentation describes the development and piloting of a tool for measuring scientists' views about, knowledge of, and skills in science communication. The instrument collects four types of data: (1) background information, (2) communication skills, (3) views about science communication, and (4) knowledge about the context of science communication. In the specific area of communication skills, a rationale is proposed for establishing learning goals in seven areas: content, knowledge organization, clarity and language, style, analogy, narrative, and dialogue. The resulting instrument may be used as a baseline survey or as a tool for pre-post evaluation of the learning outcomes of a wide range of science communication training programs and courses.

Lewenstein, B. V.; Baram-Tsabari, A.

2011-12-01

126

Ertapenem versus cefepime for initial empirical treatment of pneumonia acquired in skilled-care facilities or in hospitals outside the intensive care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study presented here compared the efficacy and safety of ertapenem and cefepime as initial treatment for adults with pneumonia acquired in skilled-care facilities or in hospital environments outside the intensive care unit (ICU). Non-ventilated patients developing pneumonia in hospital environments outside the ICU, in nursing homes, or in other skilled-care facilities were enrolled in this double-blind non-inferiority study, stratified

S. V. Yakovlev; L. S. Stratchounski; G. L. Woods; B. Adeyi; K. A. McCarroll; J. A. Ginanni; I. R. Friedland; C. A. Wood; M. J. DiNubile

2006-01-01

127

Influence of Previous Knowledge, Language Skills and Domain-specific Interest on Observation Competency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many epoch-making biological discoveries (e.g. Darwinian Theory) were based upon observations. Nevertheless, observation is often regarded as `just looking' rather than a basic scientific skill. As observation is one of the main research methods in biological sciences, it must be considered as an independent research method and systematic practice of this method is necessary. Because observation skills form the basis of further scientific methods (e.g. experiments or comparisons) and children from the age of 4 years are able to independently generate questions and hypotheses, it seems possible to foster observation competency at a preschool level. To be able to provide development-adequate individual fostering of this competency, it is first necessary to assess each child's competency. Therefore, drawing on the recent literature, we developed in this study a competency model that was empirically evaluated within learners ( N = 110) from different age groups, from kindergarten to university. In addition, we collected data on language skills, domain-specific interest and previous knowledge to analyse coherence between these skills and observation competency. The study showed as expected that previous knowledge had a high impact on observation competency, whereas the influence of domain-specific interest was nonexistent. Language skills were shown to have a weak influence. By utilising the empirically validated model consisting of three dimensions (`Describing', `Scientific reasoning' and `Interpreting') and three skill levels, it was possible to assess each child's competency level and to develop and evaluate guided play activities to individually foster a child's observation competency.

Kohlhauf, Lucia; Rutke, Ulrike; Neuhaus, Birgit

2011-10-01

128

Are adolescents getting smarter about acquired immunodeficiency syndrome? Changes in knowledge and attitude over the past 5 years.  

PubMed

A survey was administered to 1543 adolescents from southeastern Wisconsin to assess their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and persons with the disease. Responses were compared with those of other studies involving adolescents using identical or similar test items. Results of the study demonstrate that knowledge of AIDS and of the modes of human immunodeficiency virus transmission have increased dramatically over the past 5 years. Ninety-eight percent of high school students in this study understood the modes of transmission and that merely touching a person with AIDS will not transmit the virus. However, results also revealed that many negative biases remain toward people who have been infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Forty-five percent of the students believed that homosexuals and intravenous drug users were "getting what they deserve." Recommendations are made that future educational efforts focus on changes in attitudes and behaviors in relation to adolescents' previously acquired knowledge of AIDS. PMID:2305735

Steiner, J D; Sorokin, G; Schiedermayer, D L; Van Susteren, T J

1990-03-01

129

Do One-to-One Initiatives Bridge the Way to 21st Century Knowledge and Skills?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from an investigation of the overall effectiveness of Michigan's Freedom to Learn (FTL) One-to-One initiative. The major goal of the FTL initiative was to help students to gain 21st century knowledge and skills while increasing their learning and achievement through the integration of over 20,000 laptop computers…

Lowther, Deborah L.; Inan, Fethi A.; Ross, Steven M.; Strahl, J. Daniel

2012-01-01

130

Programming Not Required: Skills and Knowledge for the Digital Library Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education for Library and Information professionals in managing the digital environment has been a key topic for discussion within the LIS environment for some time. However, before designing and implementing a program for digital library education, it is prudent to ensure that the skills and knowledge required to work in this environment are…

Howard, Katherine

2010-01-01

131

Students' Conceptual Knowledge and Process Skills in Civic Education: Identifying Cognitive Profiles and Classroom Correlates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2 related studies framed by social constructivism theory, the authors explored a fine-grained analysis of adolescents' civic conceptual knowledge and skills and investigated them in relation to factors such as teachers' qualifications and students' classroom experiences. In Study 1 (with about 2,800 U.S. students), the authors identified 4…

Zhang, Ting; Torney-Purta, Judith; Barber, Carolyn

2012-01-01

132

Rethinking assessment of marketing research skills and knowledge: a new approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an approach to identify the knowledge, skills, and abilities required by a job market by systematically analyzing classified advertisements of position openings. It suggests appropriate methodological techniques to conduct such a study and compares these to traditional methods. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – While this paper discusses several methods used to assess the

Madhav N. Segal; Edmund K. Hershberger; Talaibek Osmonbekov

2009-01-01

133

Recommendations About the Knowledge and Skills Required of Psychologists Working With Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an initial attempt to furnish recommendations for the skills and knowledge psychologists need to work competently with older adults. We use two levels of competence across seven broad areas that are most relevant for professional practice. The first competence level is that required of general psychologists who provide some professional services to older adults; the second level

Victor Molilnari; Michele Karel; Scott Jones; Antonette Zeiss; Susan G. Cooley; Laura Wray; Elizabeth Brown; Dolores Gallagher-Thompson

2003-01-01

134

Digital News Stories: Building Language Learners' Content Knowledge and Speaking Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study explored how the use of digital news stories promoted the development of content knowledge and oral language skills. The study involved 15 advanced Spanish students who used VoiceThread, an interactive multimedia tool, to create and exchange digital news regarding current events over the course of one semester. Both quantitative and…

Lee, Lina

2014-01-01

135

Corrections Officer Knowledge/Skill Maps. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of knowledge/skill maps are intended to assist individuals responsible for developing training courses for corrections officers. Maps are provided for the following task areas: booking, receiving, and releasing; escorting and transporting; recordkeeping and report writing; supervising noninmate movement and visitors; searching and…

California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

136

Youth Knowledge, Interpersonal Skills, and Media Attitudes After Anti-Tobacco Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To see if youth tobacco use prevention training improves knowledge, interaction skills, and awareness of media influences, junior high and high school students (161 at pre-test, 176 at post-test) from southeastern U.S. public schools completed questionnaires before and after anti-tobacco lessons. After training, high school (but not junior high)…

Carver, Vivien; Reinert, Bonita; Range, Lillian M.

2004-01-01

137

Student Teachers' Development of a Positive Attitude towards Research and Research Knowledge and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of student teachers participating in an introductory course, designed to stimulate the development of a positive attitude towards research and to stimulate the development of research knowledge and skills by second-year student teachers of an institute of primary teacher education. A…

van der Linden, Wietse; Bakx, Anouke; Ros, Anje; Beijaard, Douwe; Vermeulen, Marc

2012-01-01

138

Assessment of practice using the National Health Service Knowledge and Skills Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current difficulties in the assessment of practice of qualified nurses undertaking courses in critical care nursing are outlined and discussed. The evaluation and development of previously identified core competencies for intensive care nurses is discussed.The use of the National Health Service Knowledge and Skills Framework as a framework for the assessment of practice of nurses undertaking courses in intensive care

Christopher McLean; Eloise Monger; Isabella Lally

2005-01-01

139

Build your skills and knowledge to successfully supervise the construction process from the conceptual development  

E-print Network

and managers with substantial experience but no formal training in the construction industry. The programBuild your skills and knowledge to successfully supervise the construction process from the conceptual development stage through the final construction phase with a certificate in Construction

140

Improving Geometric and Trigonometric Knowledge and Skill for High School Mathematics Teachers: A Professional Development Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the summer of 2009, a professional development partnership was established between the Peoria Public School District (PPSD), a local education agency (LEA), and Illinois State University (ISU) to improve geometric and trigonometric knowledge and skill for high school mathematics teachers as part of the Illinois Mathematics and Science…

Merrill, Chris; Devine, Kevin L.; Brown, Joshua W.; Brown, Ryan A.

2010-01-01

141

Teacher Knowledge and Initial Teacher Education in the English Learning and Skills Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reforms of initial teacher education (ITE) in the learning and skills sector (LSS) in England are standards based and emphasise subject specialism. The reforms are underpinned by objectivist epistemological assumptions which are incompatible with socio-cultural theories of professional knowledge, and ignore the diverse teaching roles and…

Maxwell, Bronwen

2010-01-01

142

The Knowledge, Experience, Skills, and Characteristics TESOL Employers Seek in Job Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a competitive marketplace, job candidates need to know what TESOL employers are seeking in new hires. A 12-month study of TESOL job announcements examined the types of work offered and the candidate knowledge, experience, skills, and personal characteristics TESOL employers were seeking in full-time hires. An analysis of 169 job advertisements…

Bailey, Caprice L.; Tanner, Mark W.; Henrichsen, Lynn E.; Dewey, Dan P.

2013-01-01

143

WHAT YOU WILL LEARN The Certificate in Nonprofit Management offers specific knowledge and skills  

E-print Network

management and resource development · Policy analysis in a particular policy area · Arts managementWHAT YOU WILL LEARN The Certificate in Nonprofit Management offers specific knowledge and skills related to leadership, financial management, governance, and strategic planning. In addition, you can

Levinson, David M.

144

Does Problem Solving = Prior Knowledge + Reasoning Skills in Earth Science? An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the interrelationship between tenth-grade students' problem solving ability (PSA) and their domain-specific knowledge (DSK) as well as reasoning skills (RS) in a secondary school of Taiwan. The PSA test was designed to emphasize students' divergent-thinking ability (DTA) and convergent-thinking ability (CTA) subscales in the…

Chang, Chun-Yen

2010-01-01

145

Fostering students' knowledge and argumentation skills through dilemmas in human genetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the outcomes of a unit that integrates explicit teaching of general reasoning patterns into the teaching of a specific science content. Specifically, this article examined the teaching of argumentation skills in the context of dilemmas in human genetics. Before instruction only a minority (16.2%) of the students referred to correct, specific biological knowledge in constructing arguments in

Anat Zohar; Flora Nemet

2002-01-01

146

Cultivating Teachers’ Beliefs, Knowledge and Skills for Leading Change in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian policy initiatives and state curriculum reform efforts affirm a commitment to address student disengagement through the development of inclusive school environments, curriculum, and pedagogy. This paper, drawing on critical social theory, describes three Australian projects that support the cultivation of teachers’ beliefs, knowledge and skills for critical reflection and leading change in schools. The first project reports on the

Suzanne Carrington; Joanne Deppeler; Julianne Moss

2010-01-01

147

Student Affairs Professionals' Self-Report of Multicultural Competence: Understanding Awareness, Knowledge, and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pope and Reynolds' (1997) theoretical model of multicultural competence for student affairs was empirically tested with 100 student affairs professionals. The domain subscales of awareness, knowledge, and skills revealed high internal consistency and intercorrelation. Males reported significantly higher multicultural awareness in their…

Castellanos, Jeanett; Gloria, Alberta M.; Mayorga, Melissa M.; Salas, Christina

2008-01-01

148

Updating Polytechnic Teachers' Knowledge and Skills through Teacher Design Teams in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While teachers and administrators in polytechnics in Ghana have categorically expressed the growing need for the former's knowledge and skills to be updated in the era of polytechnic transformation, little attention has been paid to the subject. This study reports a professional development intervention organised for 16 engineering teachers…

Bakah, Marie A. B.; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

2012-01-01

149

Knowledge and Skill Requirements for Marketing Jobs in the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the skills and conceptual knowledge that employers require for marketing positions at different levels ranging from entry- or lower-level jobs to middle- and senior-level positions. The data for this research are based on a content analysis of 500 marketing jobs posted on Monster.com for Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York…

Schlee, Regina Pefanis; Harich, Katrin R.

2010-01-01

150

The Effect of a Training Program in Communication Skills on Primary Health Care Physicians' Knowledge, Attitudes and Self-efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication has been identified as one of the core clinical skills for all health care providers, but it is especially important for primary health care disciplines. Findings suggest the need for more attention to communication skills in continued physician education. This work aims at evaluating the effect of a communication skills training program on physicians' knowledge, attitude and self efficacy

Mona E. Shama; Fatma A. Meky; Nagwa Y. Abou; El Enein; Mohamed Y. Mahdy

151

RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF A QUESTIONNAIRE TO ASSESS CARBOHYDRATE COUNTING SKILLS, KNOWLEDGE OF HEART-HEALTHY FOODS, AND NUTRITION LABEL-READING SKILLS IN ADULTS WITH DIABETES  

E-print Network

Diabetes mellitus affects the metabolism of carbohydrates, thus patients should monitor carbohydrate intake and eat a heart-healthy diet using nutrition labels. To assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy diet, and nutrition...

Walker, Ann Christine

2012-01-01

152

The Impact of Traditional and Alternative University Teacher Preparation Program Options on Secondary Teacher Candidates' Knowledge, Skills, Dispositions, and Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preparation of secondary teacher candidates through traditional (n = 13) or alternative (n = 15) options did not statistically significantly impact knowledge, skills or dispositions. Results for content knowledge, as measured at entrance to the program based on the Pre-Professional Skills Test, indicate that candidates who entered the…

Schnabel, Rebecca B.

2009-01-01

153

Diagnostic Reasoning by Hospital Pharmacists: Assessment of Attitudes, Knowledge, and Skills  

PubMed Central

Background: Hospital pharmacists participate in activities that may be considered diagnostic. Two reasoning approaches to diagnosis have been described: non-analytic and analytic. Of the 6 analytic traditions, the probabilistic tradition has been shown to improve diagnostic accuracy and reduce unnecessary testing. To the authors’ knowledge, pharmacists’ attitudes toward having a diagnostic role and their diagnostic knowledge and skills have never been studied. Objectives: To describe pharmacists’ attitudes toward the role of diagnosis in pharmacotherapeutic problem-solving and to characterize the extent of pharmacists’ knowledge and skills related to diagnostic literacy. Methods: Pharmacists working within Lower Mainland Pharmacy Services (British Columbia) who spent at least 33% of their time in direct patient care were invited to participate in a prospective observational survey. The survey sought information about demographic characteristics and attitudes toward diagnosis. Diagnostic knowledge and skills were tested by means of 3 case scenarios. The analysis included simple descriptive statistics and inferential statistics to evaluate relationships between responses and experience and training. Results: Of 266 pharmacists invited to participate, 94 responded. The attitudes section of the survey was completed by 90 pharmacists; of these, 80 (89%) agreed with the definition of “diagnosis” proposed in the survey, and 83 (92%) agreed that it is important for pharmacists to have diagnosis-related skills. Respondents preferred an analytic to a non-analytic approach to diagnostic decision-making. The probabilistic tradition was not the preferred method in any of the 3 cases. In evaluating 5 clinical scenarios that might require diagnostic skills, on average 84% of respondents agreed that they should be involved in assessing such problems. Respondents’ knowledge of and ability to apply probabilistic diagnostic tools were highest for test sensitivity (average of 61% of respondents with the correct answers) and lower for test specificity (average of 48% with correct answers) and likelihood ratios (average of 39% with correct answers). Conclusions: Respondents to this survey strongly believed that diagnostic skills were important for solving drug-related problems, but they demonstrated low levels of knowledge and ability to apply concepts of probabilistic diagnostic reasoning. Opportunities to expand pharmacists’ knowledge of diagnostic reasoning exist, and the findings reported here indicate that pharmacists would consider such professional development valuable. PMID:22919102

Chernushkin, Kseniya; Loewen, Peter; de Lemos, Jane; Aulakh, Amneet; Jung, Joanne; Dahri, Karen

2012-01-01

154

Unskilled and optimistic: overconfident predictions despite calibrated knowledge of relative skill.  

PubMed

Those who are less skilled tend to overestimate their abilities more than do those who are more skilled-the so-called Dunning-Kruger effect. Less-skilled performers presumably have less of the knowledge needed to make informed guesses about their relative performance. If so, the Dunning-Kruger effect should vanish when participants do have access to information about their relative ability and performance. Competitive bridge players predicted their results for bridge sessions before playing and received feedback about their actual performance following each session. Despite knowing their own relative skill and showing unbiased memory for their performance, they made overconfident predictions consistent with a Dunning-Kruger effect. This bias persisted even though players received accurate feedback about their predictions after each session. The finding of a Dunning-Kruger effect despite knowledge of relative ability suggests that differential self-knowledge is not a necessary precondition for the Dunning-Kruger effect. At least in some cases, the effect might reflect a different form of irrational optimism. PMID:23345139

Simons, Daniel J

2013-06-01

155

A Novice-Expert Study of Modeling Skills and Knowledge Structures about Air Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study compared modeling skills and knowledge structures of four groups as seen in their understanding of air quality. The four groups were: experts (atmospheric scientists), intermediates (upper-level graduate students in a different field), advanced novices (talented 11th and 12th graders), and novices (10th graders). It was found that when the levels of modeling skills were measured, for most skills there was a gradual increase across the spectrum from the novices to the advanced novices to the intermediates to the experts. The study found the experts used model-based reasoning, the intermediates and advanced novices used relation-based reasoning, and the novices used phenomena-based reasoning to anticipate conclusions. The experts and intermediates used more bi-variable relationships in experimental design and anticipated conclusions, but used more multiple-variable relationships in identifying relationships. By contrast, the advanced novices and novices mostly used bi-variable relationships in all modeling skills. Based on these findings, we suggest design principles for model-based teaching and learning such as designing learning activities to encourage model-based reasoning, scaffolding one's modeling with multiple representations, testing models in authentic situations, and nurturing domain-specific knowledge during modeling.

Hsu, Ying-Shao; Lin, Li-Fen; Wu, Hsin-Kai; Lee, Dai-Ying; Hwang, Fu-Kwun

2012-10-01

156

The Roles of Ability, Personality, and Interests in Acquiring Current Events Knowledge: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate sources of inter-individual differences in current events knowledge. The study occurred in two sessions. In the initial session, 579 participants completed tests to ability, personality, and interest factors, as well as prior knowledge of current events. Approximately 10 weeks later, participants…

Hambrick, David Z.; Pink, Jeffrey E.; Meinz, Elizabeth J.; Pettibone, Jonathan C.; Oswald, Frederick L.

2008-01-01

157

TAPS: an automated tool for identification of skills, knowledges, and abilities using natural language task description  

SciTech Connect

A prototype, computer-based tool (TAPS) has been developed to aid training system developers in identifying skills, knowledges, and abilities (SKAs) during task analysis. TAPS uses concepts of flexible pattern matching to evaluate English descriptions of job behaviors and to recode them as SKA lists. This paper addresses the rationale for TAPS and describes its design including SKA definitions and task analysis logic. It also presents examples of TAPS's application.

Jorgensen, C.C.; Carter, R.J.

1986-01-01

158

Youth Knowledge, Interpersonal Skills, and Media Attitudes After Anti-Tobacco Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

To see if youth tobacco use prevention training improves knowledge, interaction skills, and awareness of media influences, junior high and high school students (161 at pre-test, 176 at post-test) from southeastern U.S. public schools completed questionnaires before and after anti-tobacco lessons. After training, high school (but not junior high) students more strongly supported anti-tobacco policy. All students saw themselves as

Vivien Carver; Bonita Reinert; Lillian M. Range

2004-01-01

159

Relationships among process skills development, knowledge acquisition, and gender in microcomputer-based chemistry laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated how instruction in MBL environments can be designed to facilitate process skills development and knowledge acquisition among high school chemistry students. Ninety-eight college preparatory chemistry students in six intact classes were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: MBL with enhanced instruction in Macroscopic knowledge, MBL with enhanced instruction in Microscopic knowledge, and MBL with enhanced instruction in Symbolic knowledge. Each treatment group completed a total of four MBL titrations involving acids and bases. After the first and third titrations, the Macroscopic, Microscopic and Symbolic groups received enhanced instruction in the Macroscopic, Microscopic and Symbolic modes, respectively. During each titration, participants used audiotapes to record their verbal interactions. The study also explored the effects of three potential covariates (age, mathematics background, and computer usage) on the relationships among the independent variables (type of enhanced instruction and gender) and the dependent variables (science process skills and knowledge acquisition). Process skills were measured via gain scores on a standardized test. Analysis of Covariance eliminated age, mathematics background, and computer usage as covariates in this study. Analysis of Variance identified no significant effects on process skills attributable to treatment or gender. Knowledge acquisition was assessed via protocol analysis of statements made by the participants during the four titrations. Statements were categorized as procedural, observational, conceptual/analytical, or miscellaneous. Statement category percentages were analyzed for trends across treatments, genders, and experiments. Instruction emphasizing the Macroscopic mode may have increased percentages of observational and miscellaneous statements and decreased percentages of procedural and conceptual/analytical statements. Instruction emphasizing the Symbolic mode may have increased percentages of procedural and conceptual/analytical statements and decreased percentages of observational and miscellaneous statements. Instruction emphasizing the Microscopic mode may have increased percentages of conceptual/analytical and miscellaneous statements. Males made higher percentages of procedural comments than did females, while females made higher percentages of conceptual/analytical comments than did males. The use of insoluble unknowns may have increased percentages of procedural and miscellaneous statements and decreased percentages of observational and conceptual/analytical statements. The exploratory nature of the fourth titration may have decreased percentages of observational statements across all treatments.

Krieger, Carla Repsher

160

Learning from Simple Ebooks, Online Cases or Classroom Teaching When Acquiring Complex Knowledge. A Randomized Controlled Trial in Respiratory Physiology and Pulmonology  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims E-learning is developing fast because of the rapid increased use of smartphones, tablets and portable computers. We might not think of it as e-learning, but today many new e-books are in fact very complex electronic teaching platforms. It is generally accepted that e-learning is as effective as classroom teaching methods, but little is known about its value in relaying contents of different levels of complexity to students. We set out to investigate e-learning effects on simple recall and complex problem-solving compared to classroom teaching. Methods 63 nurses specializing in anesthesiology were evenly randomized into three groups. They were given internet-based knowledge tests before and after attending a teaching module about respiratory physiology and pulmonology. The three groups was either an e-learning group with eBook teaching material, an e-learning group with case-based teaching or a group with face-to-face case-based classroom teaching. After the module the students were required to answer a post-test. Time spent and the number of logged into the system was also measured. Results For simple recall, all methods were equally effective. For problem-solving, the eCase group achieved a comparable knowledge level to classroom teaching, while textbook learning was inferior to both (p<0.01). The textbook group also spent the least amount of time on acquiring knowledge (33 minutes, p<0.001), while the eCase group spent significantly more time on the subject (53 minutes, p<0.001) and logged into the system significantly more (2.8 vs 1.6, p<0.001). Conclusions E-learning based cases are an effective tool for teaching complex knowledge and problem-solving ability, but future studies using higher-level e-learning are encouraged.Simple recall skills, however, do not require any particular learning method. PMID:24039917

Worm, Bjarne Skj?dt

2013-01-01

161

Acquiring Knowledge about Biodiversity in a Museum--Are Worksheets Effective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of worksheets while learning about biodiversity in a natural history museum. Despite the frequent use of worksheets by school classes during out-of-school activities, their effectiveness in enhancing knowledge acquisition has been addressed by relatively few empirical studies. 148 Austrian grammar school…

Krombab, Angela; Harms, Ute

2008-01-01

162

A Symbolic Approach Using Feature Construction Capable of Acquiring Information/Knowledge for Building Expert Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a technique for developing a knowledge-base of information to use in an expert system. Proposed approach employs a popular machine-learning algorithm along with a method for forming a finite number of features or conjuncts of at most n primitive attributes. Illustrates this procedure by examining qualitative information represented in a…

Major, Raymond L.

1998-01-01

163

The Role of Primary Caregiver Vocabulary Knowledge in the Development of Bilingual Children's Vocabulary Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present study examined the impact of environmental factors (socioeconomic status [SES], the percent of language exposure to English and to Spanish, and primary caregivers' vocabulary knowledge) on bilingual children's vocabulary skills. Method: Vocabulary skills were measured in 58 bilingual children between the ages of 5…

Buac, Milijana; Gross, Megan; Kaushanskaya, Margarita

2014-01-01

164

California's Teaching Performance Expectations The Teaching Performance Expectations describe the set of knowledge, skills, and abilities that  

E-print Network

California's Teaching Performance Expectations The Teaching Performance Expectations describe the set of knowledge, skills, and abilities that California expects of each candidate for a Multiple Expectations through successful completion of the Teaching Performance Assessment. The full text of the TPEs

de Lijser, Peter

165

Postgraduate nursing student knowledge, attitudes, skills, and confidence in appropriately referencing academic work.  

PubMed

Preventing plagiarism is an ongoing issue for higher education institutions. Although plagiarism has been traditionally seen as cheating, it is increasingly thought to be the result of poor referencing, with students reporting difficulties citing and referencing bibliographic sources. This study examined the academic knowledge, attitude, skills, and confidence of students in a school of nursing to understand poor referencing. A cross-sectional quantitative and qualitative survey was distributed to postgraduate (N = 1,000) certificate, diploma, and master's students. Quantitative data gathered demographics, cultural and linguistic background, and use of technology. Thematic analysis discovered patterns and themes. Results showed participants understood requirements for referencing; half indicated poor referencing was due to difficulty referencing Internet sources or losing track of sources, and many lacked confidence in key referencing tasks. Despite this, 50% did not make use of referencing resources. Overall, these data suggest incorrect referencing is rarely intentional and predominantly caused by skills deficit. PMID:25054474

Greenwood, Melanie; Walkem, Kerrie; Smith, Lindsay Mervyn; Shearer, Toniele; Stirling, Christine

2014-08-01

166

Failure to acquire new semantic knowledge in patients with large medial temporal lobe lesions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined new semantic learning in two profoundly amnesic patients (E.P. and G.P.) whose lesions involve virtually the entire medial temporal lobe (MTL) bilaterally. The patients were given five tests of semantic knowledge for information that could only have been ac- quired after the onset of their amnesia in 1992 and 1987, respectively. Age-matched and education-matched controls (n 8) were

Peter J. Bayley; Larry R. Squire

2005-01-01

167

The Impact of Science Knowledge, Reading Skill, and Reading Strategy Knowledge on More Traditional "High-Stakes" Measures of High School Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how well cognitive abilities predict high school students' science achievement as measured by traditional content-based tests. Students (n = 1,651) from four high schools in three states were assessed on their science knowledge, reading skill, and reading strategy knowledge. The dependent variable, content-based science…

O'Reilly, Tenaha; McNamara, Danielle S.

2007-01-01

168

Writing quality, reading skills, and domain knowledge as factors in text comprehension.  

PubMed

Subjects listened to and recalled three passages. Each subject was also given a general reading comprehension test. The passages were presented either in such a way that subjects could use their general knowledge to help understand them, or in such a way that no specific world knowledge seemed applicable. This was achieved by giving the passages a helpful title, versus no title or an unhelpful title. The passages were written in two different versions, preserving their content but varying their style. In one version, the language was as helpful as we could make it in signalling to the listener discourse importance, while in the other version the language was as unhelpful as we could make it while still writing an English text. All three factors--domain knowledge, writing style, and skill--significantly affected reproductive recall, and there were no interactions between these factors. However, while good writing was sufficient to improve the reproduction of the texts, an analysis of the recall elaborations subjects made revealed that the correctness of their elaborations depended strongly on the availability of appropriate domain knowledge. Thus, good writing and domain knowledge are not simply substitutable, but affect comprehension in somewhat different ways. PMID:8364534

Moravcsik, J E; Kintsch, W

1993-06-01

169

Towards a machine learning framework for acquiring and exploiting monitoring and diagnostic knowledge  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper we address the problem of detecting and diagnosing faults in physical systems, for which neither prior expertise for the task nor suitable system models are available. We propose an architecture that integrates the on-line acquisition and exploitation of monitoring and diagnostic knowledge. The focus of the paper is on the component of the architecture that discovers classes of behaviors with similar characteristics by observing a system in operation. We investigate a characterization of behaviors based on best fitting approximation models. An experimental prototype has been implemented to test it. We present preliminary results in diagnosing faults of the Reaction Control System of the Space Shuttle. The merits and limitations of the approach are identified and directions for future work are set.

Manganaris, Stefanos; Fisher, Doug; Kulkarni, Deepak

1993-01-01

170

Does Problem Solving = Prior Knowledge + Reasoning Skills in Earth Science? An Exploratory Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the interrelationship between tenth-grade students’ problem solving ability (PSA) and their domain-specific knowledge (DSK) as well as reasoning skills (RS) in a secondary school of Taiwan. The PSA test was designed to emphasize students’ divergent-thinking ability (DTA) and convergent-thinking ability (CTA) subscales in the area of Earth science. Two hundred and sixty tenth graders who were enrolled in six Earth science classes at a public senior high school located in the eastern region of Taiwan were participants. Major findings are as follows: (a) A significantly positive correlation existed between students’ PSA and their DSK and RS, approaching large effect sizes; (b) Both students’ DSK and RS significantly explained the variance of their PSA with large effect sizes; (c) Students’ RS could more significantly explain the variance of their DTA subscale with medium effect size while DSK might more significantly explain the variance of their CTA, approaching large effect size. The research suggests that more emphasis should be placed on the reasoning skills when developing students’ divergent-thinking abilities, while stressing more domain-specific knowledge when students’ convergent-thinking ability is considered.

Chang, Chun-Yen

2010-03-01

171

The Cooperation of Small and Middle-Sized Companies with Universities in Turkey: Acquiring Enterprising Skills Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education institutions are the places from where the societies base the information, deliver and apply it. Moreover, it is the place where the people who are required to bring innovations with required abilities, skills and attitudes are trained. Forming a network between the small and middle sized companies (SMSC) and higher education…

Dalyan, Figen

2004-01-01

172

Strategy knowledge and strategy change in skilled performance: a study of the game Othello.  

PubMed

Skill and skill development in playing the game Othello were investigated. In particular, we studied the role of strategies and strategy change, rather than focusing on knowledge of particular board patterns. The history of the development of the game suggests a shift from positional to mobility strategies, a change which also is reproduced in the development of individual players. The first two studies used historical analysis of tournament transcripts to study strategy change. The third study investigated one possible basis for the greater accessibility or ease of positional versus mobility strategy, namely differential encoding and memorability of typical board patterns. Study 3 demonstrated that completely naive as well as positional players remember positional games and moves more easily than mobility games and moves. The easier mastery of positional strategy may be caused in part by the greater ease of encoding typical positional patterns. We suggest that strategic change and conceptual reorganization may be particularly important for domains where the naive encoding of events is not the most apt. We also suggest that similarities exist between strategy change in Othello and other domains. PMID:2349975

Billman, D; Shaman, D

1990-01-01

173

Management Knowledge and Skills Required in the Health Care System of the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina  

PubMed Central

Extremely complex health care organizations, by their structure and organization, operate in a constantly changing business environment, and such situation implies and requires complex and demanding health management. Therefore, in order to manage health organizations in a competent manner, health managers must possess various managerial skills and be familiar with problems in health care. Research, identification, analysis, and assessment of health management education and training needs are basic preconditions for the development and implementation of adequate programs to meet those needs. Along with other specific activities, this research helped to determine the nature, profile, and level of top-priority needs for education. The need for knowledge of certain areas in health management, as well as the need for mastering concrete managerial competencies has been recognized as top-priorities requiring additional improvement and upgrading. PMID:23922519

Slipicevic, Osman; Masic, Izet

2012-01-01

174

Use of ultrasound to diagnose pneumothorax after video assisted thoracic surgery: Do we need to acquire a new skill?  

PubMed Central

Diagnosis of a pneumothorax in the immediate post-operative area can be difficult. Traditional gold-standard modalities may not be available or feasible to institute. Ultrasound (US) guidance allows the anesthesia provider a method of quickly detecting this potentially life-threatening complication especially when it's least expected. We encountered such a case when a 40 years male patient posted for video assisted thoracic surgery for drainage of empyema on left side of chest developed pneumothorax on right side post-operatively. Timely diagnosis with the help of US saved time and his life. We thus want to emphasize the importance of this simple but useful skill to the anesthesiologist.

Mundada, Surbhi D.; Gosavi, Kundan S.; Kondvilkar, Bharti

2014-01-01

175

Aging Q3: an initiative to improve internal medicine residents' geriatrics knowledge, skills, and clinical performance.  

PubMed

A growing number of older adults coupled with a limited number of physicians trained in geriatrics presents a major challenge to ensuring quality medical care for this population. Innovations to incorporate geriatrics education into internal medicine residency programs are needed. To meet this need, in 2009, faculty at the Medical University of South Carolina developed Aging Q(3)-Quality Education, Quality Care, and Quality of Life. This multicomponent initiative recognizes the need for improved geriatrics educational tools and faculty development as well as systems changes to improve the knowledge and clinical performance of residents. To achieve these goals, faculty employ multiple intervention strategies, including lectures, rounds, academic detailing, visual cues, and electronic medical record prompts and decision support. The authors present examples from specific projects, based on care areas including vision screening, fall prevention, and caring for patients with dementia, all of which are based on the Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders quality indicators. The authors describe the principles driving the design, implementation, and evaluation of the Aging Q(3) program. They present data from multiple sources that illustrate the effectiveness of the interventions to meet the knowledge, skill level, and behavior goals. The authors also address major challenges, including the maintenance of the teaching and modeling interventions over time within the context of demanding primary care and inpatient settings. This organized, evidence-based approach to quality improvement in resident education, as well as faculty leadership development, holds promise for successfully incorporating geriatrics education into internal medicine residencies. PMID:22450181

Moran, William P; Zapka, Jane; Iverson, Patty J; Zhao, Yumin; Wiley, M Kathleen; Pride, Pamela; Davis, Kimberly S

2012-05-01

176

Knowledge and skill in motion: layers of Tibetan medical education in India.  

PubMed

This article examines the transmission of Tibetan medical knowledge in the Himalayan region of Ladakh (India), taking three educational settings as ethnographic ports of entry. Each of these corresponds to a different operating mode in the standardisation of medical knowledge and learning processes, holding profound implications for the way this therapeutic tradition is known, valued, applied and passed on to the next generation. Being at the same time a cause and a consequence of intra-regional variability in Tibetan medicine, the three institutional forms coexist in constant interaction with one another. The authors render this visible by examining the 'taskscapes' that characterize each learning context, that is to say, the specific and interlocking sets of practices and tasks in which a practitioner must be skilled in order to be considered competent. The authors build upon this notion by studying two fields of transmission and practice, relating to medicine production and medical ethics. These domains of enquiry provide a rich grounding from which to examine the transition from enskilment to education, as well as the overlaps between them, and to map out the connections linking different educational forms to social and medical legitimacy in contemporary India. PMID:25074035

Pordié, Laurent; Blaikie, Calum

2014-09-01

177

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge among high school students in K?r?kkale province of Turkey  

PubMed Central

Background: The purpose of the present study was to assess the existing level of knowledge of high school children about human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and the sources of their information. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two high schools in Kirikkale, Turkey and data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to obtain a representative sample. Results: Four hundred and seventy three participants; 230 males and 243 females were analyzed. Their ages ranged from 15 to 19 years with a mean age of 16.81 ± 1.27. 92.2% of the students claimed to have heard about HIV/AIDS prior to the study with slightly more females than males. Although with some misconceptions, majority of the participants knew that HIV is not transmitted by sharing meals, casual contact, and sleeping in the same room and using the same bathroom. 93.4% identi?ed HIV/AIDS as a life-threatening disease and 27% believe that there is a cure for AIDS. 64% and 22.8% respectively believed that the people can protect themselves by using condoms and by avoiding sexual contact. Internet was preponderantly claimed as the most important source of information about HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Empirical evidence from this study suggests that the students have a fairly high knowledge of HIV/AIDS. This is not without some misconceptions about the prognosis of the disease. Internet was the major source of HIV/AIDS information. PMID:23633840

Ayl?kc?, Bahad?r Ugur; Bamise, Cornelius Tokunbo; Hamidi, Mehmet Mustafa; Turkal, Mustafa; Colak, Hakan

2013-01-01

178

High-Stakes Testing--Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test: A True Measure of Acquired Skills or a Political Ruse?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of high stakes tests explores criticisms commonly made of the use of these tests and suggests some additional reasons educators and the public should not rely on high stakes tests as the single source of data about student achievement. The United States has no national educational policy on standards of knowledge. Each state is…

DeVillier, Paul Wayne

179

TV as storyteller: how exposure to television narratives impacts at-risk preschoolers' story knowledge and narrative skills.  

PubMed

Educational media serve as informal educators within the home by supplementing young children's development. Substantial evidence documents the contributions of educational television to preschoolers' acquisition of a variety of skills; however, television's natural capacity as storyteller and the role it plays in preschoolers' early literacy development has been largely overlooked. This study examined the effects of viewing different TV program types on 311 at-risk preschoolers' story knowledge and narrative skills. Children were assigned to one of 4 viewing conditions (i.e. watching up to 40 episodes of a particular program type): no viewing; expository; embedded narrative; or traditional narrative. Story knowledge scores were higher for those viewing either narrative type. In contrast, viewing specific narrative types differentially affected the component skills of narrative competence. Story retelling and identification of explicit story events were higher after repeat viewing of embedded narratives while generating implicit story content was higher after repeat viewing of traditional narratives. PMID:19972662

Linebarger, Deborah L; Piotrowski, Jessica Taylor

2009-03-01

180

Recognizing the Importance of Aging Skills and Knowledge in Generalist Social Work Practice: Effective Strategies for MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the impact of a curricular infusion strategy aimed at integrating gerontological practice issues into social work education. Findings (N = 83) illustrate that student interest, knowledge, and skills in aging practice increased immediately following implementation of a three-tiered infusion approach; however, ongoing exposure…

Bonifas, Robin P.; Fredriksen-Goldsen, Karen I.; Bailey, Kathleen A.

2009-01-01

181

The Relative Value of Skills, Knowledge, and Teaching Methods in Explaining Master of Business Administration (MBA) Program Return on Investment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors provide insight into alumni perceptions of Master of Business Administration (MBA) program return on investment (ROI). They sought to assess the relative value of skills, knowledge, and teaching methods in explaining ROI. By developing insight into the drivers of ROI, the real utility of MBA program ingredients can be…

van Auken, Stuart; Wells, Ludmilla Gricenko; Chrysler, Earl

2005-01-01

182

Identifying the Knowledge, Skills, and Values Needed to Perform Entry-Level Child Welfare Work in Utah  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because child welfare workers serve the most vulnerable children and families, it is necessary that they have sufficient knowledge, skills, and values (competencies) to provide quality services. This study focuses on competencies that the Division of Child and Family Services, Utah (DCFS) views as essential for entry-level child welfare work, and…

Topuzova, Lazarina N.

2009-01-01

183

The Critical Reading of the Images Associated with Science?Related News Reports: Establishing a knowledge, skills, and attitudes framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the majority of adults, the media constitute their main source of information about science and science?related matters impacting on society. To help prepare young people to engage with science in the media, teachers are being exhorted to equip their students with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to respond critically to science?related news reports. Typically, such reports comprise not only

Ruth Jarman; Billy McClune; Eric Pyle; Gangolf Braband

2011-01-01

184

The Critical Reading of the Images Associated with Science-Related News Reports: Establishing a knowledge, skills, and attitudes framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the majority of adults, the media constitute their main source of information about science and science-related matters impacting on society. To help prepare young people to engage with science in the media, teachers are being exhorted to equip their students with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to respond critically to science-related news reports. Typically, such reports comprise not only

Ruth Jarman; Billy McClune; Eric Pyle; Gangolf Braband

2012-01-01

185

Perception of Teachers' Knowledge, Attitude and Teaching Skills as Predictor of Academic Performance in Nigerian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the relationship/effect of students' perception of teachers' knowledge of subject matter, attitude to work and teaching skills on students' academic performance. The population consisted of senior secondary three (SS.III) students in the South West Nigeria senior secondary schools. The study sample consisted of 1600…

Adediwura, A. A.; Tayo, Bada

2007-01-01

186

Skills and Knowledge Needs Assessment To Support Multi-Craft Maintenance and Training Design. Report Number Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The needs assessment reported in this document was undertaken to identify the skills and knowledge needed in the maintenance department of Standard Steel of Burnham, Pennsylvania, so that curriculum could be developed to: (1) train most department employees for most tasks across crafts; and thereby (2) increase productivity by decreasing the time…

Geroy, Gary D.; And Others

187

Online Course Increases Nutrition Professionals' Knowledge, Skills, and Self-Efficacy in Using an Ecological Approach to Prevent Childhood Obesity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the impact of an online continuing education course on the knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy of nutrition professionals to use an ecological approach to prevent childhood obesity. Design: Quasi-experimental design using intervention and delayed intervention comparison groups with pre/post-course assessments. Setting: Online…

Stark, Christina M.; Graham-Kiefer, Meredith L.; Devine, Carol M.; Dollahite, Jamie S.; Olson, Christine M.

2011-01-01

188

Promoting Clinical Knowledge, Skills, and Empathy via a Creative Self-Suicide Assignment: Rationale, Purpose, and Student Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicide is a leading cause of American deaths. Given suicide's overall frequency and negative effects, specialized suicide training is warranted. This article describes a creative self-suicide assignment designed to enhance doctoral students' suicide assessment and intervention knowledge and clinical skills, and promote greater counselor empathy…

Cook, Katrina; Juhnke, Gerald A.; Peters, Scott W.; Marbach, Christina R.; Day, Sally; Choucroun, Pierre; Baker, Ria E.

2007-01-01

189

Computer Modeling of the Instructionally Insensitive Nature of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Exam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stakeholders of the educational system assume that standardized tests are transparently about the subject content being tested and therefore can be used as a metric to measure achievement in outcome-based educational reform. Both analysis of longitudinal data for the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) exam and agent based computer…

Pham, Vinh Huy

2009-01-01

190

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities of International Business Majors: What We Teach Them "versus" What Companies Need Them to Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compete in a global environment, firms need people with the appropriate international knowledge, skills and abilities (KSA). Undergraduate international business (IB) majors may not be taught the specific KSA that match those business needs. This study surveyed the most active international companies in Minnesota (USA) that had recently hired…

Prestwich, Roger; Ho-Kim, Thu-Mai

2007-01-01

191

Retention of Second Graders' Knowledge and Skills One Year after a Brief Primary Sexual Abuse Prevention Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the long-term cognitive effects for 40 second graders 1 year after participating in a brief, 50-minute, primary sexual abuse prevention program. It was expected that participants would retain knowledge of body safety and of sexual abuse prevention skills 1 year after the treatment program. The Personal Safety Questionnaire…

Hensley, Beth H.; Soled, Suzanne Wegener

192

The Condition of Education 2009: Indicator 3--Knowledge and Skills of Young Children. NCES 2009-081  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Condition of Education" is a congressionally mandated report that provides an annual portrait of education in the United States. This document includes information from "The Condition of Education 2009" about knowledge and skills of young children. A smaller percentage of children born in 2001 who were in poverty demonstrated proficiency in…

Planty, Michael; Hussar, William; Snyder, Thomas; Kena, Grace; KewalRamani, Angelina; Kemp, Jana; Bianco, Kevin; Dinkes, Rachel

2009-01-01

193

Effectiveness of current teaching methods in Cardiology: the SKILLS (medical Students Knowledge Integration of Lower Level clinical Skills) study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The aim of the study is to assess reported changes in medical students’ capacity to attain five basic cardiological clinical skills, following a one-month intensive cardiology course provisioned in the core curriculum. Materials and Methods: An anonymous questionnaire comprising self reported performance in the five skills, namely 1) arterial blood pressure measurement, 2) cardiac auscultation, 3) electrocardiogram (ECG) carry out, 4) ECG interpretation and 5) defibrillation, was distributed to 177 fifth year students of the Athens Medical School upon initiating the cardiology course (pre-training group) and to 59 students matched for sex, age, year of study and training centre, following completion of the course (post training group). Comparison of pre- and post- training performance was evaluated using the ?2 test. Results: No change was noted with regards to blood pressure measurement, cardiac auscultation or defibrillation. By contrast, a statistically significant improvement was reported for ECG execution (54.3 versus 81.4%; p<0.001) and interpretation (from 33.1 to 89.8%; p<0.001). Conclusions: Improvement in the execution and interpretation of ECGs seems to be among the strengths of the cardiology training program. Further studies including larger samples from multiple medical schools and objective assessment of skill execution might facilitate accurate training evaluation and define opportunities for improvement. PMID:23935341

Lavranos, G; Koliaki, C; Briasoulis, A; Nikolaou, A; Stefanadis, C

2013-01-01

194

Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What skills do people need to survive in the 21st century? It's a great question and one that is examined in painstaking detail by the authors of this 242-page report published by the National Academies Press. Released in 2012, the report responds to a charge from the National Research Council to define the set of key skills that are referenced by the labels "deeper learning, "21st century skills," and so on. The chapters here include "A Preliminary Classification of Skills and Abilities" and "Importance of Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills." This is a great read for those with an interest in education, public policy, and the like.

195

High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS): Pilot Knowledge, Skills and Abilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the initial work accomplished by the ACCESS 5 Human System Integration (HSI) team to identify Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Pilot Knowledge, Skill and Ability (KSA), Training and Medical requirements. To derive this information the following tasks were accomplished: a) Mission and Function analyses were performed; b) Applicable FARs and FAA Advisory Circulars (ACs) were reviewed; c) Meetings were conducted with NASA and FAA Human Factors personnel; d) Surveys were completed by ACCESS 5 HSI Working group UA Pilots; e) Coordination meetings were conducted with the ACCESS 5 Policy IPT. The results of these efforts were used to develop a summary of the current qualifications. for an individual to function as a Pilot In Command (PIC) for UAs currently flown by UNITE companies, to develop preliminary Pilot KSAs for each phase of flight, and to delineate preliminary Pilot Training and Medical requirements. These results are to be provided to the Policy IPT to support their development of recommendations for UA Pilot Rating Criteria, training and medical qualifications. It is expected that the initially an instrument rated pilot will be required to serve as the PIC. However, as operational experience is gained, and automation is applied to accomplish various system functions, it is expected that pilot rating criteria could be lessened.

2005-01-01

196

The development and evaluation of an adaptable computer aided instruction(CAI) program for acquiring problem solving skills in biochemistry on the WWW: The "BioChem Thinker".  

PubMed Central

BioChem Thinker is a CAI program that was developed to enhance problem solving skills and ability to integrate knowledge in biochemistry for medical and dental students. The program runs on a WWW browser. BioChem Thinker is adaptable, it enables the teacher to create a new problem solving assignment, or edit existing assignments without in-depth knowledge of computer programming. This provides teachers with greater independence and flexibility so as to be able to adapt the program to their own course requirements. The program was implemented and evaluated in the 3rd year biochemistry course of The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School. The tool used to develop Biochem Thinker can be utilized to develop similar CAI in other biomedical areas. PMID:9357717

Hershkovitz, B.

1997-01-01

197

A Resource to Acquire and Summarize Pharmacogenetics Knowledge in the Literature Daniel L. Rubin, Michelle Carrillo, Mark Woon, John Conroy, Teri E. Klein, and Russ B. Altman  

E-print Network

is cost-effective, and the finite size of the human genome with its roughly 30,000 genes makesA Resource to Acquire and Summarize Pharmacogenetics Knowledge in the Literature Daniel L. Rubin the literature for this information. We have developed a resource to support the storage, summariza- tion

Rubin, Daniel L.

198

The use of questionnaires for acquiring information on public perception of natural hazards and risk mitigation - a review of current knowledge and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questionnaires are popular and fundamental tools for acquiring information on public knowledge and perception of natural hazards. Questionnaires can provide valuable information to emergency management agencies for developing risk management procedures. Although many natural hazards researchers describe results generated from questionnaires, few explain the techniques used for their development and implementation. Methodological detail should include, as a minimum, response format

D. K. Bird

2009-01-01

199

Do migrants transfer tacit knowledge? : the case of highly skilled Bangladeshi immigrants in the United States  

E-print Network

Transfer of knowledge is a complex process. While codified knowledge is easy to transfer, tacit knowledge is not. "Tacit knowledge is difficult to exchange over long distance because it is heavily imbued with meaning arising ...

Sultana, Moshahida

2005-01-01

200

Considering Human Capital Theory in Assessment and Training: Mapping the Gap between Current Skills and the Needs of a Knowledge-Based Economy in Northeast Iowa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the current economic downturn, thousands of Iowans are unemployed and this is the ideal time to build the skills of the workforce to compete in the knowledge-based economy so businesses and entrepreneurs can compete in a global economy. A tool for assessing the skills and knowledge of dislocated workers and students as well as…

Mihm-Herold, Wendy

2010-01-01

201

Rock and Mineral Bingo: Applying and Assessing Student Rock and Mineral Knowledge and Identification Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A rock and mineral "Bingo" that is based on knowledge and identification skills (not luck) was developed to help teachers and introductory as well as more advanced-level students develop and improve rock and mineral identification skills. The game was initially designed to use a rock and mineral kit provided to all students in Lab Classes, but could be adapted for any suite of samples. The rock and mineral kits include 13 mineral samples (olivine, pyroxene, amphibole, biotite, muscovite, potassium feldspar, plagioclase, quartz, galena, gypsum, hematite, pyrite, calcite), 7 igneous rock samples (rhyolite, granite, andesite, diorite, basalt, gabbro, peridotite), 3 sedimentary rock samples (sandstone, shale, limestone), and 5 metamorphic rock samples (slate, mica schist, gneiss, marble, quartzite). The kit also includes a small magnifying glass, a streak plate and a tempered steel nail. The Bingo cards are composed of 9 squares ("questions") each. A total of 8 groups of questions have been developed to encompass introductory through more advanced levels. The question sets developed so far are: (a) General distinction between rocks and minerals; (b) Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks; (c) Mineral luster; (d) Mineral fracture and cleavage; (e) Mineral crystal form; (f) Mineral chemistry; (g) General mineralogy; (h) Geologic Context. Each square on the card is numbered (1-9). The same card is used for each group of questions. The questions are written on a separate set of small question cards that are color-coded (according to question set) and numbered. These cards are pulled out of the `bag' by the caller, and a copy of the question is posted for all to see. The players need to choose the sample from their collection that best fits the question or description given by the caller. The questions are set up so that some samples fit more than one answer, which requires the students to review their choices. The first person or group to win presents their board and samples for the class to examine. This exercise could be adapted for any collection and any level of learning, as well as for any particular collection or suite of samples. Soils and local rock sequences could also be incorporated.

Pound, K. S.

2005-12-01

202

Predicting Reading Comprehension on the Internet: Contributions of Offline Reading Skills, Online Reading Skills, and Prior Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent to which new reading comprehension proficiencies may be required when adolescents read for information on the Internet. Seventh graders (N = 109) selected from a stratified random sample of diverse middle school students completed a survey of topic-specific prior knowledge and parallel scenario-based measures of…

Coiro, Julie

2011-01-01

203

Predicting Reading Comprehension on the Internet: Contributions of Offline Reading Skills, Online Reading Skills, and Prior Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the extent to which new reading comprehension proficiencies may be required when adolescents read for information on the Internet. Seventh graders (N = 109) selected from a stratified random sample of diverse middle school students completed a survey of topic-specific prior knowledge and parallel scenario-based measures of online reading comprehension. Standardized reading comprehension scores were also collected.

Julie Coiro

2011-01-01

204

A training program designed to improve interprofessional knowledge, skills and attitudes in chronic disease settings.  

PubMed

For over 25 years, The Arthritis Program (TAP) at Southlake Regional Health Centre has worked within a successful interprofessional model. TAP recognized the need to teach its model and developed The Arthritis Program - Interprofessional Training Program (TAP-ITP). This pilot study evaluated perceptions of 22 TAP-ITP participants related to effectiveness and satisfaction. The study employed a longitudinal survey design and data were collected at the baseline (T1), post-program (T2), and at one year (T3) by use of the following instruments: W(e)Learn Program Assessment; Interprofessional (IP) Learner and Team Contracts; Interprofessional Collaborative Competencies Attainment Survey (ICCAS); Bruyère Clinical Team Self Assessment Scale; and Attitudes Toward Health Care Teams (ATHCT). Data analysis included descriptive, non-parametric and parametric tests. Results indicated participants were very satisfied with TAP-ITP. ICCAS scores revealed statistically significant differences (Wilcoxon rank sum tests) from T1 to T2 in perceptions of IPC competencies (p?knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes in interprofessional care post-program and sustained at one year. PMID:24646204

Bain, Lorna; Kennedy, Carol; Archibald, Douglas; LePage, Jennifer; Thorne, Carter

2014-09-01

205

Phonological Awareness, Reading Skills, and Vocabulary Knowledge in Children Who Use Cochlear Implants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In hearing children, reading skills have been found to be closely related to phonological awareness. We used several standardized tests to investigate the reading and phonological awareness skills of 27 deaf school-age children who were experienced cochlear implant users. Approximately two-thirds of the children performed at or above the level of…

Dillon, Caitlin M.; de Jong, Kenneth; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

206

The instruction and assessment of expository text: A content analysis of fifth grade reading and science Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills, state adopted text teacher's manuals, and Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this content analysis study was to examine how and with what frequency explicit directions for the instruction or assessment of expository text were presented in six fifth grade reading and science data sources. The study analyzed the science and reading Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), conforming state adopted basal readers and science textbooks, and the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) for fifth grade. Additionally, a determination was made concerning whether and alignment existed between the data sources. An inter coder examined 10% of the entries from each data source to ensure reliability. Data collection included recording message units that referred to the explicit directions for the instruction and assessment of expository text were from each of the six data sources. Next, the message units were organized into categories and recorded in an Excel spreadsheet. Due to the differences in the length, format, and content of each data source, a matrix was designed in order to determine if any alignment was present between data sources. The study resulted in 5 major findings: First, the science teacher's editions presented more message units related to the explicit directions for instruction or assessment of reading in expository text. Second, formatting in the basal reader teacher's editions has remained much the same as in the past, in that they are still scripted and many of the activities continue to be presented without directions to teachers. Third, the instruction of word attack skills is still included in the fifth grade science and reading teacher's editions. Fourth, there was no clear definition for the meaning of the terms skills and strategies in order for teachers to become more effective when teaching students. Finally, an alignment did exist between the TEKS and teacher's editions, with the exception of word analysis in all but one of the science series. The only categories assessed in either the reading or science TAKS expository text questions were reading skills and strategies, as well as word concepts.

Jones, Alison Adair

207

Phonological Awareness, Reading Skills, and Vocabulary Knowledge in Children Who Use Cochlear Implants  

PubMed Central

In hearing children, reading skills have been found to be closely related to phonological awareness. We used several standardized tests to investigate the reading and phonological awareness skills of 27 deaf school-age children who were experienced cochlear implant users. Approximately two-thirds of the children performed at or above the level of their hearing peers on the phonological awareness and reading tasks. Reading scores were found to be strongly correlated with measures of phonological awareness. These correlations remained the same when we statistically controlled for potentially confounding demographic variables such as age at testing and speech perception skills. However, these correlations decreased even after we statistically controlled for vocabulary size. This finding suggests that lexicon size is a mediating factor in the relationship between the children’s phonological awareness and reading skills, a finding that has also been reported for typically developing hearing children. PMID:22057983

Dillon, Caitlin M.; de Jong, Kenneth; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

208

49 CFR Appendix to Subpart G of... - Required Knowledge and Skills-Sample Guidelines  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...commonly found on commercial motor vehicles. (2) Basic control...contaminated air (dirt, moisture and oil) supply; (3) Implications...demonstrate the following basic motor vehicle control skills for... (2) Ability to put the motor vehicle in motion and...

2010-10-01

209

Analyzing self-reflection by Computer Science students to identify bad study habits: Self-reflection performed by students of programming courses on the study habits and skills acquired through b-learning supported by an automatic judge  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present some preliminary results and the main conclusions of a study that we conducted at the University of Algarve, for one of the programming courses in the first year of the Computer Science degree at the University of Algarve. We analyzed the self-reflections made by the students about their study habits and about the skills they acquired in the

Filomena Sustelo; Pedro Guerreiro

2010-01-01

210

Beyond knowledge and skills: the use of a Delphi study to develop a technology-mediated teaching strategy  

PubMed Central

Background While there is evidence to suggest that teaching practices in clinical education should include activities that more accurately reflect the real world, many educators base their teaching on transmission models that encourage the rote learning of knowledge and technical skills. Technology-mediated instruction may facilitate the development of professional attributes that go beyond “having” knowledge and skills, but there is limited evidence for how to integrate technology into these innovative teaching approaches. Methods This study used a modified Delphi method to help identify the professional attributes of capable practitioners, the approaches to teaching that may facilitate the development of these attributes, and finally, how technology could be integrated with those teaching strategies in order to develop capable practitioners. Open-ended questions were used to gather data from three different expert panels, and results were thematically analysed. Results Clinical educators should not view knowledge, skills and attitudes as a set of products of learning, but rather as a set of attributes that are developed during a learning process. Participants highlighted the importance of continuing personal and professional development that emphasised the role of values and emotional response to the clinical context. To develop these attributes, clinical educators should use teaching activities that are learner-centred, interactive, integrated, reflective and that promote engagement. When technology-mediated teaching activities are considered, they should promote the discussion of clinical encounters, facilitate the sharing of resources and experiences, encourage reflection on the learning process and be used to access content outside the classroom. In addition, educational outcomes must drive the integration of technology into teaching practice, rather than the features of the technology. Conclusions There is a need for a cultural change in clinical education, in which those involved with the professional training of healthcare professionals perceive teaching as more than the transmission of knowledge and technical skills. Process-oriented teaching practices that integrate technology as part of a carefully designed curriculum may have the potential to facilitate the development of capable healthcare graduates who are able to navigate the complexity of health systems and patient management in ways that go beyond the application of knowledge and skills. PMID:23574731

2013-01-01

211

The ambiguous and bewitching power of knowledge, skills and attitudes leads to confusing statements of learning objectives.  

PubMed

The words "knowledge", "skills" and "attitudes" are given different meanings by health personnel when discussing educational issues. Ambiguity is known as a handicap to efficient communication. In the design of a curriculum the quality of the definition of learning objectives plays a fundamental role. If learning objectives lack clarity, learners and teachers will face operational difficulties. As Robert Mager said, "If you are not certain of where you are going you may very well end up somewhere else and not even know it". Knowledge is not only memory of facts but what you do with it. The complexity of human behaviour should not be underestimated. This is why educational objectives need active non-ambiguous verbs in order to achieve better communication between teachers and learners and to assess that complexity. This is why I suggest using the expression intellectual skill (or competence) as meaning "a rational decision or act". Sensomotor skill (or competence) would replace "skills" as presently used and cover only "acts which require a neuromuscular coordination". Interpersonal communication skill (or competence) would replace "attitude(s)" and be limited to "verbal and non-verbal relation between persons". As the level of validity of assessment of learners' competencies is linked to the clarity of learning objectives, it is hoped that the above suggestions will raise the overall level of validity of the evaluation system. This is why it is important that everybody understands, in the same manner, the meaning of a learning objective. It will help learners to focus their learning efforts on the right target. It will help teachers to ensure the relevance to health needs of their teaching and the validity of assessment instruments. In both cases it will be beneficial to the health of the population. PMID:14741944

Guilbert, J-J

2002-01-01

212

The effect of songwriting on knowledge of coping skills and working alliance in psychiatric patients: a randomized clinical effectiveness study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a songwriting intervention on psychiatric patients' knowledge of coping skills and working alliance. Participants were randomly assigned to scripted and manualized experimental (n=48) or control (n=41) conditions. The experimental condition was a group psychoeducational music therapy songwriting session concerning coping skills while the control condition was a group psychoeducational session concerning coping skills. Both conditions were single-session therapy with patients on an acute adult psychiatric unit. Results indicated no significant between group differences in measures of knowledge of coping skills, consumer working alliance, or perception of enjoyment (p>.05), although the experimental condition tended to have slightly higher mean scores than the control group for these measures. There was a significant between group difference in measures of therapist working alliance (p<.001), with the therapist scoring the experimental group higher than the control group. Although the music therapy group had a higher mean rate of previous psychiatric hospitalizations, their perception of enjoyment scores were still higher than those of the control condition, a finding incongruent in the literature. Furthermore, despite the increased number of previous hospitalizations, the music therapy condition had higher attendance rates than the control condition, thus possibly providing incentives for funding. It seems that group songwriting about coping skills can be as effective a psychosocial intervention as traditional talk-based psychoeducation to teach psychiatric inpatients how to proactively manage their illness. Additionally, music therapy can be as effective as talk-based psychoeducation in establishing working alliance. Implications for clinical practice, limitations, and suggestions for future research are provided. PMID:21866716

Silverman, Michael J

2011-01-01

213

Design-based science and the transfer of science knowledge and real-world problem-solving skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Design-Based Science (DBS) helps students develop new scientific knowledge and problem-solving skills in the context of designing artifacts. This pedagogy was developed as a response to the potential problem of transfer of knowledge from academic settings to extra classroom environments. This dissertation describes DBS in detail and attempts to answer three questions: (1) Do DBS curricula support students' efforts to transfer newly constructed science knowledge and 'designerly' skills (Baynes, 1994) to the solution of new real-world design problems in an extra-classroom setting? (2) Do DBS curricula support students' efforts to construct new scientific knowledge? (3) Do DBS curricula support students' efforts to develop 'designerly' problem-solving skills? Ninety-two students attending a public high school serving a working class community participated in the consecutive enactments of three different DBS units over one school year. The analysis of pre- and posttests and of artifacts created by the students demonstrated that substantial knowledge was constructed during each of the enactments, with the tests leading to effect sizes of 2.1 on the first unit, 1.9 on the second, and 2.7 on the third. After each enactment the students solved a new design problem as a transfer task. The transfer tasks were unsequestered, unsupported by the teacher, lasted three days, were done in the school's library, required new learning, and were solved in groups of four. In order to generate an individual measure of transfer, the students responded to an individual post-transfer written test after each transfer task was completed, that assessed their understanding and recollection of the solution their group submitted. For all three units there was a stronger correlation between the individual transfer scores and posttests scores than with pretest scores, indicating that the knowledge and skills that were constructed during the enactments supported the solution of the transfer tasks. The correlations with the posttests increased from one enactment to the next, demonstrating that the students' transfer performance improved as they gained more experience in DBS classrooms. Potential threats to the study's internal validity that were identified and discussed were improved teacher proficiency, the nature of the transfer tasks, the difficulty of the science content covered by the units, the similarity between the units and the transfer tasks, and the similarity between the transfer tasks. This dissertation demonstrates that: (a) appropriate learning environments can foster transfer, (b) transfer performance can improve over time, and (c) that it may be necessary to rethink and redefine the procedures for identifying and assessing real-world transfer.

Fortus, David Leon

214

Knowledge of First Aid Skills Among Students of a Medical College in Mangalore City of South India  

PubMed Central

Background: The adequate knowledge required for handling an emergency without hospital setting at the site of the accident or emergency may not be sufficient as most medical schools do not have formal first aid training in the teaching curriculum. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the level of knowledge of medical students in providing first aid care. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during May 2011 among 152 medical students. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Based on the scores obtained in each condition requiring first aid, the overall knowledge was graded as good, moderate and poor. Results: Only 11.2% (17/152) of the total student participants had previous exposure to first aid training. Good knowledge about first aid was observed in 13.8% (21/152), moderate knowledge in 68.4% (104/152) and poor knowledge in 17.8% (27/152) participants. Analysis of knowledge about first aid management in select conditions found that 21% (32/152) had poor knowledge regarding first aid management for shock and for gastro esophageal reflux disease and 20.4% (31/152) for epistaxis and foreign body in eyes. All students felt that first aid skills need to be taught from the school level onwards and all of them were willing to enroll in any formal first aid training sessions. Conclusion: The level of knowledge about first aid was not good among majority of the students. The study also identified the key areas in which first aid knowledge was lacking. There is thus a need for formal first aid training to be introduced in the medical curriculum. PMID:24761231

Joseph, N; Kumar, GS; Babu, YPR; Nelliyanil, M; Bhaskaran, U

2014-01-01

215

A Comparative Study of University of Wisconsin-Stout Freshmen and Senior Education Major's Computing and Internet Technology Skills/Knowledge and Associated Learning Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study comparing University of Wisconsin-Stout freshmen and senior education majors' computing and Internet technology skills/knowledge and associated learning experiences was conducted. Instruments used in this study included the IC[superscript 3][R] Exam by Certiport, Inc. and the investigator's Computing and Internet Skills Learning…

Sveum, Evan Charles

2010-01-01

216

Perceptions of Five Middle School Science Teachers: A Suburban Success Story on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Achievement for Eighth Grade African American Students  

E-print Network

PERCEPTIONS OF FIVE MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS: A SUBURBAN SUCCESS STORY ON THE TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS ACHIEVEMENT FOR EIGHTH GRADE AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDENTS A Record of Study by CHERYL TURNER HENRY... Perceptions of Five Middle School Science Teachers: A Suburban Success Story on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Achievement for Eighth Grade African American Students Copyright 2011 Cheryl Turner Henry PERCEPTIONS OF FIVE MIDDLE SCHOOL...

Henry, Cheryl Turner

2012-07-16

217

Classroom Profiling Training: Increasing Preservice Teachers' Confidence and Knowledge of Classroom Management Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom management is a serious concern for beginning teachers including preservice teachers. The Queensland Department of Education, Training and Employment (DETE) has developed the Essential Skills for Classroom Management (ESCM), a system of positive and pro-active strategies for maintaining supportive learning environments. In addition, the…

Jackson, Cliff; Simoncini, Kym; Davidson, Mark

2013-01-01

218

Adolescent Depression: Evaluating Pediatric Residents' Knowledge, Confidence, and Interpersonal Skills Using Standardized Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors aim to determine whether pediatric residents used DSM-IV criteria to diagnose major depressive disorder and how this related to residents' confidence in diagnosis and treatment skills before and after clinical training with depressed adolescents. Methods: Pediatric residents evaluated two different standardized patients…

Lewy, Colleen; Sells, C. Wayne; Gilhooly, Jennifer; McKelvey, Robert

2009-01-01

219

Knowledge Transfer and Information Skills for Student-Centered Learning in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowing how to select, organize, and use information in order to solve problems, handle new situations, and continue learning are key issues in the teaching and learning scenario in contemporary society. Teaching these skills is particularly critical for European universities and is currently recognized as vital in the context of the European…

Molina, Maria Pinto; Sales, Dora

2008-01-01

220

A quantitative survey of intern's knowledge of communication skills: an Iranian exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It is a high priority that health care providers have effective communication skills. It has been well documented that the doctor-patient relationship is central to the delivery of high quality medical care, and it has been shown to affect patient satisfaction, to decrease the use of pain killers, to shorten hospital stays, to improve recovery from surgery and a

Mohsen Tavakol; Sima Torabi; Owen D Lyne; Ali A Zeinaloo

2005-01-01

221

Designing Online Strategy Instruction for Integrated Vocabulary Depth of Knowledge and Web-Based Dictionary Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the design and development of a CALL resource that teaches aspects of word combinability (i.e., grammatical collocation, transitivity, and complementation) to tertiary-level ESL learners by integrating conceptual understanding with related text-analysis and web-based dictionary skills. The resource delivers an automated,…

Ranalli, Jim

2013-01-01

222

The Relationship between Expressive Vocabulary Knowledge and Reading Skills for Adult Struggling Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined expressive vocabulary and its relationship to reading skills for 232 native English-speaking adults who read between the third- and fifth-grade levels. The Boston Naming Test (BNT) was used to measure expressive vocabulary. Participants scored lower than the normative sample of adults on all aspects of the test; they had fewer…

Hall, Ryan; Greenberg, Daphne; Laures-Gore, Jacqueline; Pae, Hye K.

2014-01-01

223

Perceived Needs of Recent Graduates for Marketing-Related Knowledge and Skills: Implications for Pharmacy Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 215 recent graduates of Purdue University School of Pharmacy investigated unmet needs for 9 marketing skill areas: measuring and forecasting demand; personal selling; public relations; purchasing and inventory control; strategic planning; managed care organizations; physician dispensing; physician prescribing and health care financers;…

Rupp, Michael T.; Szkudlarek, Beth A.

1991-01-01

224

Phonological Skills and Vocabulary Knowledge Mediate Socioeconomic Status Effects in Predicting Reading Outcomes for Chinese Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relations among socioeconomic status (SES), early phonological processing, vocabulary, and reading in 262 children from diverse SES backgrounds followed from ages 4 to 9 in Beijing, China. SES contributed to variations in phonological skills and vocabulary in children's early development. Nonetheless, early phonological and…

Zhang, Yuping; Tardif, Twila; Shu, Hua; Li, Hong; Liu, Hongyun; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Liang, Weilan; Zhang, Zhixiang

2013-01-01

225

Influence of Previous Knowledge, Language Skills and Domain-Specific Interest on Observation Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many epoch-making biological discoveries (e.g. Darwinian Theory) were based upon observations. Nevertheless, observation is often regarded as "just looking" rather than a basic scientific skill. As observation is one of the main research methods in biological sciences, it must be considered as an independent research method and systematic practice…

Kohlhauf, Lucia; Rutke, Ulrike; Neuhaus, Birgit

2011-01-01

226

Continuing the cultural competency journey through exploration of knowledge, attitudes, and skills with advanced practice psychiatric nursing students: an exemplar.  

PubMed

Numerous training and education programs have evolved to address culturally competent health care delivery. This article describes an exemplar educational approach used to teach cultural competency to beginning graduate psychiatric mental health nursing students. Using interactive strategies delivered within the 4 phases of the curriculum, the approach has been shown to facilitate students' ongoing journey to cultural competence. Building on baccalaureate nursing competencies, the course addresses attitudes, knowledge, skills, and cultural humility to strengthen cultural self-assessment, cross-cultural clinical practice expertise, and the use of culturally appropriate research for graduate students. PMID:21501731

Hoke, Mary M; Robbins, Leslie K

2011-06-01

227

Money, Time, and Political Knowledge: Distinguishing Quick Recall and Political Learning Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys provide widely cited measures of political knowledge. Do seemingly arbitrary features of survey interviews affect their validity? Our answer comes from experiments embedded in a representative survey of over 1200 Americans. A control group was asked political knowledge questions in a typical survey context. Treatment groups received the questions in altered contexts. One group received a monetary incentive for

Arthur Lupia

2008-01-01

228

What Are the Required Outcomes of Education--Professional Competencies, Personal Attributes and Social Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although students need to be competent in a wide range of work knowledge, skills, and abilities, they also need to be "capable" human beings to take their place as contributors to the Australian community. Capability has been described as having confidence in one's ability to acquire and apply knowledge, new skills, and understanding, with…

Gow, Kathryn

229

Knowledge and skill retention of in-service versus preservice nursing professionals following an informal training program in pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a repeated-measures quasiexperimental study.  

PubMed

Our objective was to compare the impact of a training program in pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on the knowledge and skills of in-service and preservice nurses at prespecified time points. This repeated-measures quasiexperimental study was conducted in the pediatric emergency and ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital between January and March 2011. We assessed the baseline knowledge and skills of nursing staff (in-service nurses) and final year undergraduate nursing students (preservice nurses) using a validated questionnaire and a skill checklist, respectively. The participants were then trained on pediatric CPR using standard guidelines. The knowledge and skills were reassessed immediately after training and at 6 weeks after training. A total of 74 participants-28 in-service and 46 preservice professionals-were enrolled. At initial assessment, in-service nurses were found to have insignificant higher mean knowledge scores (6.6 versus 5.8, P = 0.08) while the preservice nurses had significantly higher skill scores (6.5 versus 3.2, P < 0.001). Immediately after training, the scores improved in both groups. At 6 weeks however, we observed a nonuniform decline in performance in both groups-in-service nurses performing better in knowledge test (10.5 versus 9.1, P = 0.01) and the preservice nurses performing better in skill test (9.8 versus 7.4, P < 0.001). Thus, knowledge and skills of in-service and preservice nurses in pediatric CPR improved with training. In comparison to preservice nurses, the in-service nurses seemed to retain knowledge better with time than skills. PMID:23971033

Sankar, Jhuma; Vijayakanthi, Nandini; Sankar, M Jeeva; Dubey, Nandkishore

2013-01-01

230

Knowledge and skills retention following Emergency Triage, Assessment and Treatment plus Admission course for final year medical students in Rwanda: a longitudinal cohort study  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine whether, after the Emergency Triage, Assessment and Treatment plus Admission (ETAT+) course, a comprehensive paediatric life support course, final year medical undergraduates in Rwanda would achieve a high level of knowledge and practical skills and if these were retained. To guide further course development, student feedback was obtained. Methods Longitudinal cohort study of knowledge and skills of all final year medical undergraduates at the University of Rwanda in academic year 2011–2012 who attended a 5-day ETAT+ course. Students completed a precourse knowledge test. Knowledge and clinical skills assessments, using standardised marking, were performed immediately postcourse and 3–9?months later. Feedback was obtained using printed questionnaires. Results 84 students attended the course and re-evaluation. Knowledge test showed a significant improvement, from median 47% to 71% correct answers (p<0.001). For two clinical skills scenarios, 98% passed both scenarios, 37% after a retake, 2% failed both scenarios. Three to nine?months later, students were re-evaluated, median score for knowledge test 67%, not significantly different from postcourse (p>0.1). For clinical skills, 74% passed, with 32% requiring a retake, 8% failed after retake, 18% failed both scenarios, a significant deterioration (p<0.0001). Conclusions Students performed well on knowledge and skills immediately after a comprehensive ETAT+ course. Knowledge was maintained 3–9?months later. Clinical skills, which require detailed sequential steps, declined, but most were able to perform them satisfactorily after feedback. The course was highly valued, but several short courses and more practical teaching were advocated. PMID:24925893

Tuyisenge, Lisine; Kyamanya, Patrick; Van Steirteghem, Samuel; Becker, Martin; English, Mike; Lissauer, Tom

2014-01-01

231

The Effect of Concept Mapping with Different Levels of Generativity and Learners' Self-Regulated Learning Skills on Knowledge Acquisition and Representation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of concept mapping strategies with different levels of generativity in terms of knowledge acquisition and knowledge representation. Also, it examined whether or not learners' self-regulated learning (SRL) skills influenced the effectiveness of concept mapping strategies with different…

Lim, Kyu Yon

2008-01-01

232

Utilizing STEM experiential learning to influence attitudes, skills, and knowledge in urban high school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This qualitative research study focused on the influence of experiential learning on urban students' performance in science classes. It also explored how experiential learning influenced the development of urban students' independent innovation skills and ability to explore topics in greater depth as required by STEM education. The experiential learning method that was investigated in this study was an Explore College program, which was a program created by a college in the same city as the urban high school that the student participants attended. This program was created with the intent to boost college readiness and aspirations among high-achieving, low-income students in urban schools. The student participants were asked eleven open-ended questions regarding their experience in the Explore College program; they were asked to reflect on the influence that participating that program had on their academic performance in science and on their perspective of science education. The teacher participants were asked ten open-ended questions regarding their opinion of whether student participation in this program influenced their performance in the classroom and in the development of their independent innovation skills. This study detailed the influence that experiential learning had on student academic performance and perspective of science education. Utilizing this type of education will improve student achievement, attitudes towards education and academic success. The completion of the study proved that experiential learning does in fact influence student performance in science, can influence students' perspective of science, and does indeed influence the development of independent innovation skills which are crucial in STEM education.

Considine, Shannon L.

233

The use of questionnaires for acquiring information on public perception of natural hazards and risk mitigation - a review of current knowledge and practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Questionnaires are popular and fundamental tools for acquiring information on public knowledge and perception of natural hazards. Questionnaires can provide valuable information to emergency management agencies for developing risk management procedures. Although many natural hazards researchers describe results generated from questionnaires, few explain the techniques used for their development and implementation. Methodological detail should include, as a minimum, response format (open/closed questions), mode of delivery, sampling technique, response rate and access to the questionnaire to allow reproduction of or comparison with similar studies. This article reviews current knowledge and practice for developing and implementing questionnaires. Key features include questionnaire design, delivery mode, sampling techniques and data analysis. In order to illustrate these aspects, a case study examines methods chosen for the development and implementation of questionnaires used to obtain information on knowledge and perception of volcanic hazards in a tourist region in southern Iceland. Face-to-face interviews highlighted certain issues with respect to question structure and sequence. Recommendations are made to overcome these problems before the questionnaires are applied in future research projects. In conclusion, basic steps that should be disclosed in the literature are provided as a checklist to ensure that reliable, replicable and valid results are produced from questionnaire based hazard knowledge and risk perception research.

Bird, D. K.

2009-07-01

234

Jump-Start Your Middle School Students' Background Knowledge and Vocabulary Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most challenging tasks in increasingly diverse classrooms is helping students develop the "knowledge and language of science to communicate scientific explanations and ideas" (NRC 1996, p. 144). In this article, the authors share one of their favorite methods for incorporating and reinforcing science vocabulary instruction in the…

Ward, Elizabeth; Williams-Rossi, Dara

2012-01-01

235

Cultivating Teachers' Beliefs, Knowledge and Skills for Leading Change in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian policy initiatives and state curriculum reform efforts affirm a commitment to address student disengagement through the development of inclusive school environments, curriculum, and pedagogy. This paper, drawing on critical social theory, describes three Australian projects that support the cultivation of teachers' beliefs, knowledge

Carrington, Suzanne; Deppeler, Joanne; Moss, Julianne

2010-01-01

236

How Word Reading Skill Impacts Text Memory: The Centrality Deficit and How Domain Knowledge Can Compensate  

PubMed Central

We examined text memory in children with word reading deficits to determine how these difficulties impact representations of text meaning. We show that even though children with poor word decoding recall more central than peripheral information, they show a significantly bigger deficit relative to controls on central than on peripheral information. We call this the centrality deficit and argue that it is the consequence of insufficient cognitive resources for connecting ideas together due to these children's resources being diverted from comprehension to word decoding. We investigated a possible compensatory mechanism for making these connections. Because a text representation is a synthesis of text information and a reader's prior knowledge, we hypothesized that having knowledge of the passage topic might reduce or eliminate the centrality deficit. Our results support this knowledge compensation hypothesis: the centrality deficit was evident when poor readers did not have prior knowledge, but was eliminated when they did. This presents an exciting avenue to pursue for possible remediation of reading comprehension in children with word identification difficulties. PMID:19475514

Miller, Amanda C.; Keenan, Janice M.

2010-01-01

237

Beyond Knowledge and Skills: Self-Competence in Working with Death, Dying, and Bereavement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored helping professionals' views on death work competencies. A total of 176 helping professionals were invited to state what the necessary competencies in death work are. Content analysis was conducted. Results showed that death work competencies can be categorized into 4 major areas: (a) knowledge competence, (b) practice…

Ho Chan, Wallace Chi; Tin, Agnes Fong

2012-01-01

238

Teaching clinical ethics as a professional skill: bridging the gap between knowledge about ethics and its use in clinical practice.  

PubMed Central

Ethical reasoning and decision-making may be thought of as 'professional skills', and in this sense are as relevant to efficient clinical practice as the biomedical and clinical sciences are to the diagnosis of a patient's problem. Despite this, however, undergraduate medical programmes in ethics tend to focus on the teaching of bioethical theories, concepts and/or prominent ethical issues such as IVF and euthanasia, rather than the use of such ethics knowledge (theories, principles, concepts, rules) to clinical practice. Not surprisingly, many students and clinicians experience considerable difficulty in using what they know about ethics to help them make competent ethical decisions in their day-to-day clinical practice. This paper describes the development of a seminar programme for teaching senior medical students a more systematic approach to ethical reasoning and analysis and clinical decision-making. PMID:7608948

Myser, C; Kerridge, I H; Mitchell, K R

1995-01-01

239

Evidence-based medicine knowledge, attitudes, and skills of community faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTEXT: As medical schools turn to community physicians for ambulatory care teaching, assessing the preparation of these faculty\\u000a in principles of evidence-based medicine (EBM) becomes important.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge and attitudes of community faculty concerning EBM and their use of EBM in patient care and teaching.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted from January to March of 2000.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a SETTING: A

Brent W. Beasley; Douglas C. Woolley

2002-01-01

240

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome/human immunodeficiency virus knowledge, attitudes, and practices, and use of healthcare services among rural migrants: a cross-sectional study in China  

PubMed Central

Background Today’s rapid growth of migrant populations has been a major contributor to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. However, relatively few studies have focused on HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related knowledge, attitudes, and practice among rural-to-urban migrants in China. This cross-sectional study was to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and perceptions, including knowledge about reducing high-risk sex. Methods Two-phase stratified cluster sampling was applied and 2,753 rural migrants participated in this study. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was conducted in Guangdong and Sichuan provinces in 2007. Descriptive analysis was used to present the essential characteristics of the respondents. Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression models were performed to examine the associations between identified demographic factors and high-risk sex, sexually transmitted disease (STD) symptoms, and access to HIV screening services among the seven types of workers. Results 58.6% of participants were knowledgeable about HIV/AIDS transmission, but approximately 90% had a negative attitude towards the AIDS patients, and that 6.2% had engaged in high-risk sex in the past 12 months. Logistic regression analysis revealed sex, marital status, income, migration and work experience to be associated with high-risk sex. Among the 13.9% of workers who reported having STD symptoms, risk factors that were identified included female gender, high monthly income, being married, daily laborer or entertainment worker, frequent migration, and length of work experience. Only 3% of migrant workers received voluntary free HIV screening, which was positively associated with monthly income and workplace. Conclusions HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and practices among rural migrants in China remain a thorny health issue, and use of healthcare services needs to be improved. Low levels of education and knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among housekeepers and migrant day laborers result in this population likely being engaged in high-risk sex. Government programs should pay more attention to public education, health promotion and intervention for the control of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in China. PMID:24520921

2014-01-01

241

NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 51: Workplace communications skills and the value of communications and information-use skills instruction: Engineering students' perspectives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Studies indicate that communications and information-related activities take up a substantial portion of an engineer's work week; therefore, effective communications and information use skills are one of the key engineering competencies that recent graduates of engineering programs are expected to possess. Feedback from industry rates communications and information use skills of entry-level engineers low. Missing from current discussions of communications and information use skills and competencies for engineering students is a clear explanation from the professional engineering community about what constitutes 'acceptable and desirable communications and information norms' within that community. To gather adequate and generalizable data about communications and information skills instruction and to provide a student perspective on the communications skills of engineers, we undertook a national study of aerospace engineering students in March 1993. The study included questions about the importance of certain communications and information skills to professional success, the instruction students had received in these skills, and perceived helpfulness of the instruction. Selected results from the study study are reported in this paper.

Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.

1995-01-01

242

Pharmacy Students' Retention of Knowledge and Skills Following Training in Automated External Defibrillator Use  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess pharmacy students' retention of knowledge about appropriate automated external defibrillator use and counseling points following didactic training and simulated experience. Design Following a lecture on sudden cardiac arrest and automated external defibrillator use, second-year doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students were assessed on their ability to perform basic life support and deliver a shock at baseline, 3 weeks, and 4 months. Students completed a questionnaire to evaluate recall of counseling points for laypeople/the public. Assessment Mean time to shock delivery at baseline was 74 ± 25 seconds, which improved significantly at 3 weeks (50 ± 17 seconds, p < 0.001) and was maintained at 4 months (47 ± 18 seconds, p < 0.001). Recall of all signs and symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest and automated external defibrillator counseling points was diminished after 4 months. Conclusion Pharmacy students can use automated external defibrillators to quickly deliver a shock and are able to retain this ability after 4 months. Refresher training/courses will be required to improve students' retention of automated external defibrillator counseling points to ensure their ability to deliver appropriate patient education. PMID:21045951

Dopp, Anna Legreid; Dopp, John M.; Vardeny, Orly; Sims, J. Jason

2010-01-01

243

Teaching physicists' thinking skills in the laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We describe a prototype introductory physics laboratory designed to teach students some general intellectual skills widely useful in scientific work. These skills include both basic skills (such as estimating quantities, determining errors, or applying useful measuring techniques) and higher-level skills (such as effectively describing experiments and flexibly adapting the resulting knowledge to different conditions). The teaching methods emphasize the utility of organizing information in hierarchical and goal-directed fashion. Furthermore, they strive to use an optimum combination of instruction means ("minilabs," more major "group labs," and integrated assessment devices) to achieve the desired ends. A careful evaluation showed (i) that the prototype course is indeed quite successful in teaching the desired general intellectual skills, and (ii) that these skills are ordinarily not acquired by students in traditional courses. Students' attitudes toward the prototype course are also appreciably more positive.

Reif, Frederick; John, Mark S.

2005-10-20

244

Validation of SINERGIA as training tool: a randomized study to test the transfer of acquired basic psychomotor skills to LapMentor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Laparoscopic surgery is commonly used in many surgical procedures but requires a learning process to develop the necessary\\u000a skills. Virtual reality simulators play an essential role within the training curricula. This paper aims to determine whether\\u000a training in SINERGIA VR simulator allows novice surgeons to improve their basic psychomotor laparoscopic skills.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Forty-two people participated in this study, including 28 unexperience

J. L. Moyano-Cuevas; F. M. Sánchez-Margallo; L. F. Sánchez-Peralta; J. B. Pagador; S. Enciso; P. Sánchez-González; E. J. Gómez-Aguilera; J. Usón-Gargallo

245

[Disaster nursing and primary school teachers' disaster-related healthcare knowledge and skills].  

PubMed

The World Bank has ranked Taiwan as the 5th highest risk country in the world in terms of full-spectrum disaster risk. With volatile social, economic, and geologic environments and the real threat of typhoons, earthquakes, and nuclear disasters, the government has made a public appeal to raise awareness and reduce the impact of disasters. Disasters not only devastate property and the ecology, but also cause striking and long-lasting impacts on life and health. Thus, healthcare preparation and capabilities are critical to reducing their impact. Relevant disaster studies indicate children as a particularly vulnerable group during a disaster due to elevated risks of physical injury, infectious disease, malnutrition, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Primary school teachers are frontline educators, responders, and rehabilitators, respectively, prior to, during, and after disasters. The disaster prevention project implemented by the Taiwan Ministry of Education provides national guidelines for disaster prevention and education. However, within these guidelines, the focus of elementary school disaster prevention education is on disaster prevention and mitigation. Little guidance or focus has been given to disaster nursing response protocols necessary to handle issues such as post-disaster infectious diseases, chronic disease management, and psychological health and rehabilitation. Disaster nursing can strengthen the disaster healthcare response capabilities of school teachers, school nurses, and children as well as facilitate effective cooperation among communities, disaster relief institutes, and schools. Disaster nursing can also provide healthcare knowledge essential to increase disaster awareness, preparation, response, and rehabilitation. Implementing proper disaster nursing response protocols in Taiwan's education system is critical to enhancing disaster preparedness in Taiwan. PMID:22661028

Lai, Fu-Chih; Lei, Hsin-Min; Fang, Chao-Ming; Chen, Jiun-Jung; Chen, Bor-An

2012-06-01

246

Observation of the Effectiveness of Drama Method in Helping to Acquire the Addition-Subtraction Skills by Children at Preschool Phase  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principal aim of this study is to show the effectiveness of the program prepared by researchers in order to enable 6 year-old children attending pre-school educational institutions to effectively gain addition subtraction skills through a drama-related method. The work group in the research comprised of 80 kids who continued their education in…

Soydan, Sema; Quadir, Seher Ersoy

2013-01-01

247

The impact of an immunization training certificate program on the perceived knowledge, skills and attitudes of pharmacy students toward pharmacy-based immunizations  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the impact of a national immunization training certificate program on the perceived knowledge, skills and attitudes of pharmacy students toward pharmacy-based immunizations. Methods The study design utilized a pre- and post-survey administered to pharmacy students before and after the American Pharmacists Association’s (APhA) Pharmacy-Based Immunization Delivery program. The primary outcome explored was a change in the perceived knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the pharmacy students. A five-point Likert scale (i.e. strongly agree = 5, strongly disagree = 1) was used for measuring the main outcomes, which was summated by adding the individual item scores in each section to form a composite score for each outcome. Results The certificate training program resulted in a significant improvement in knowledge (38.5% increase in score, p<0.001) and skills (34.5% increase in score, p<0.001), but not attitudes (1% increase in score, p=0.210). Conclusions The national immunization training certificate program had a positive impact on the perceived knowledge and skills of pharmacy students. However, no change was observed regarding students’ perceived attitudes toward pharmacy-based immunizations. PMID:25132877

Marcum, Zachary A.; Maffeo, Carrie M.; Kalsekar, Iftekhar

2009-01-01

248

TX State Profile. Texas: Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS), TAKS (Accommodated) Phasing in End-of-Course (EOC) Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides information about Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) and TAKS (Accommodated) Phasing in End-of-Course (EOC) Assessments. The purpose of the tests is to: (1) Meet a state mandate; (2) Provide schools with student academic diagnostic information; (3) Determine prospective high school graduates' mastery of the state…

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

249

The Perceptions of Cooperating Teachers Regarding the Skills and Knowledge of Student Teachers Working in Beginning and Middle School Instrumental Music Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to obtain the perceptions of cooperating teachers in beginning and middle school instrumental music regarding their student teachers' skills and knowledge both at the beginning and at the end of the student teaching experience. The related research has focused primarily on two areas of music teacher education.…

Hoch, Christopher David

2012-01-01

250

The Effects of Mind Mapping with Cooperative Learning on Programming Performance, Problem Solving Skill and Metacognitive Knowledge among Computer Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of mind mapping with cooperative learning (MMCL) and cooperative learning (CL) on: (a) programming performance; (b) problem solving skill; and (c) metacognitive knowledge among computer science students in Malaysia. The moderating variable is the students' logical thinking level with two…

Ismail, Mohd Nasir; Ngah, Nor Azilah; Umar, Irfan Naufal

2010-01-01

251

Developing Students' Higher-Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) through Technology-Rich Tasks: The Influence of Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology has been shown to positively influence student learning when students explore technology-rich tasks that simultaneously require them to use higher-order thinking skills (HOTS), such as analyzing or evaluating information or creating new representations of knowledge. Educational technology researchers have posited that in order for…

Polly, Drew

2011-01-01

252

Assessing Equity beyond Knowledge- and Skills-Based Outcomes: A Comparative Ethnography of Two Fourth-Grade Reform-Based Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When evaluating equity, researchers often look at the "achievement gap." Privileging knowledge and skills as primary outcomes of science education misses other, more subtle, but critical, outcomes indexing inequitable science education. In this comparative ethnography, we examined what it meant to "be scientific" in two fourth-grade classes taught…

Carlone, Heidi B.; Haun-Frank, Julie; Webb, Angela

2011-01-01

253

Pre-Service Teachers' Opinions about the Course on Scientific Research Methods and the Levels of Knowledge and Skills They Gained in This Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether the pre-service teachers taking the Scientific Research Methods course attained basic research knowledge and skills. In addition, the impact of the process, which is followed while implementing the course, on the students' anxiety and attitude during the course is examined. Moreover, the…

Tosun, Cemal

2014-01-01

254

The Impact of a Training Program Based on Pedagogical Knowledge on Improving the Speaking and Writing Skills Teaching Practices of Female English Language Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of a training program based on pedagogical knowledge on improving the speaking and writing skills teaching practices of female English language teachers. The participants consisted of 30 teachers: 10 as an experimental group and 20 as a control group. To answer the study questions, the researchers developed a…

Weshah, Hani A.; Tomok, Tamara N.

2011-01-01

255

The 'Dark Side' and 'Bright Side' of Personality: When Too Much Conscientiousness and Too Little Anxiety Are Detrimental with Respect to the Acquisition of Medical Knowledge and Skill  

PubMed Central

Theory suggests that personality traits evolved to have costs and benefits, with the effectiveness of a trait dependent on how these costs and benefits relate to the present circumstances. This suggests that traits that are generally viewed as positive can have a ‘dark side’ and those generally viewed as negative can have a ‘bright side’ depending on changes in context. We test this in a sample of 220 UK medical students with respect to associations between the Big 5 personality traits and learning outcomes across the 5 years of a medical degree. The medical degree offers a changing learning context from pre-clinical years (where a more methodical approach to learning is needed) to the clinical years (where more flexible learning is needed, in a more stressful context). We argue that while trait conscientiousness should enhance pre-clinical learning, it has a ‘dark side’ reducing the acquisition of knowledge in the clinical years. We also suggest that anxiety has a ‘bright side’ enhancing the acquisition of skills in the clinical years. We also explore if intelligence enhances learning across the medical degree. Using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling we show that medical skills and knowledge assessed in the pre-clinical and clinical years are psychometrically distinguishable, forming a learning ‘backbone’, whereby subsequent learning outcomes are predicted by previous ones. Consistent with our predictions conscientiousness enhanced preclinical knowledge acquisition but reduced the acquisition of clinical knowledge and anxiety enhanced the acquisition of clinical skills. We also identified a curvilinear U shaped association between Surgency (extraversion) and pre-clinical knowledge acquisition. Intelligence predicted initial clinical knowledge, and had a positive total indirect effect on clinical knowledge and clinical skill acquisition. For medical selection, this suggests that selecting students high on conscientiousness may be problematic, as it may be excluding those with some degree of moderate anxiety. PMID:24586353

Ferguson, Eamonn; Semper, Heather; Yates, Janet; Fitzgerald, J. Edward; Skatova, Anya; James, David

2014-01-01

256

Learning Paramedic Science Skills from a First Person Point of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paramedic students need to acquire knowledge and skills necessary to perform basic as well as complex clinical skills, to ensure patient safety, and to manage sophisticated equipment. Time and resource pressures on students, teaching staff and institutions have led health professional educators to develop and embrace alternative opportunities such…

Lynch, Kathy; Barr, Nigel; Oprescu, Florin

2012-01-01

257

UNF graduates of the B.A.E program in Mathematics Education will demonstrate mastery of content knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical task assessments in core, major, and clinical experi  

E-print Network

. Critical Thinking Skills · Helps students develop concepts through a variety of methods. · Pose critical knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical include: 1. Assignments and formal assessments to demonstrate knowledge. 2. Completion of critical tasks

Asaithambi, Asai

258

Correlates of HIV risk-taking behaviors among African-American college students: the effect of HIV knowledge, motivation, and behavioral skills.  

PubMed Central

This study identifies theoretically based predictors of condom use in a sample of 253 sexually active African-American college students recruited from two historically African-American colleges. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral (IMB) skills model of AIDS-preventive behavior was employed to delineate the roles of HIV/AIDS knowledge, experiences with and attitudes toward condom use, peer influences, perceived vulnerability, monogamy, and behavioral skills. A predictive structural equation model revealed significant predictors of more condom use including: male gender, more sexual HIV knowledge, positive experiences and attitudes about condom use, nonmonogamy, and greater behavioral skills. Results imply that attention to behavioral skills for negotiating safer sex and training in the proper use of condoms are key elements in reducing high risk behaviors. Increasing the specific knowledge level of college students regarding the subtleties of sexual transmission of HIV is important and should be addressed. Heightening students' awareness of the limited protection of serial monogamy, and the need to address gender-specific training regarding required behavior change to reduce transmission of HIV should be an additional goal of college health professionals. PMID:10992684

Bazargan, M.; Kelly, E. M.; Stein, J. A.; Husaini, B. A.; Bazargan, S. H.

2000-01-01

259

An Analysis of Performance of ESL Students on Various Social Studies Objectives and Test Items on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) Test  

E-print Network

Excellence Indicator System ESL English as a Second Language LEP Limited English Proficiency NCLB No Child Left Behind SES Social Economic Status TAAS Texas Assessment of Academic Skills TAKS Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills TEA Texas Education... Indicator System (AEIS) reports. In the 2002-2003 school year, the overall passing rate for LEP students for 8th graders was 24.3% and for 11th graders 15.2% (TEA, 2003a). In 2006, LEP students performed poorly as well; in 8th grade, the passing rate...

Musa, Ahlam

2013-03-27

260

Differentiating Information Skills and Computer Skills: A Factor Analytic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A basic tenet of information literacy programs is that the skills needed to use computers and the skills needed to find and evaluate information are two separate sets of skills. Outside the library this is not always the view. The claim is sometimes made that information skills are acquired by learning computer skills. All that is needed is a…

Pask, Judith M.; Saunders, E. Stewart

2004-01-01

261

Assessing the capacity for newborn resuscitation and factors associated with providers' knowledge and skills: a cross-sectional study in Afghanistan  

PubMed Central

Background Resuscitation with bag and mask is a high-impact intervention that can reduce neonatal deaths in resource-poor countries. This study assessed the capacity to perform newborn resuscitation at facilities offering comprehensive emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) in Afghanistan, as well as individual and facility characteristics associated with providers’ knowledge and clinical skills. Methods Assessors interviewed 82 doctors and 142 midwives at 78 facilities on their knowledge of newborn resuscitation and observed them perform the procedure on an anatomical model. Supplies, equipment, and infrastructure were assessed at each facility. Descriptive statistics and simple and multivariate regression analyses were performed using STATA 11.2 and SAS 9.1.3. Results Over 90% of facilities had essential equipment for newborn resuscitation, including a mucus extractor, bag, and mask. More than 80% of providers had been trained on newborn resuscitation, but midwives were more likely than doctors to receive such training as part of pre-service education (59% and 35%, respectively, p?knowledge, clinical skills, or confidence in performing newborn resuscitation. Doctors and midwives scored 71% and 66%, respectively, on knowledge questions and 66% and 71% on the skills assessment; 75% of doctors and 83% of midwives felt very confident in their ability to perform newborn resuscitation. Training was associated with greater knowledge (p?skills (p?knowledge and skills need strengthening in some areas. Midwives proved to be as capable as doctors of performing newborn resuscitation, which validates the major investment made in midwifery education. Competency-based pre-service and in-service training, complemented by supportive supervision, is an effective way to build providers’ capacity to perform newborn resuscitation. This kind of training could also help skilled birth attendants based in the community, at private clinics, or at primary care facilities save the lives of newborns. PMID:24020392

2013-01-01

262

Skills Needed to Survive and Thrive as a Scholar in the 21st Century: Information, Knowledge, and Publication Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changes in the way our work is created, published, and disseminated have implications for our own professional development and require us to be aware of the necessary skills. In this article, I identify three important skills scholars need to have and tools to be effective, efficient, and productive scholars in the 21st century: information…

Conceição, Simone C. O.

2013-01-01

263

Awarding of an academic degree assumes that the recipient has submitted to rigors of intellectual inquiry, achieved specialized and general knowledge, and acquired motivations and abilities for lifelong learning. Recognizing these educational goals, all b  

E-print Network

Awarding of an academic degree assumes that the recipient has submitted to rigors of intellectual inquiry, achieved specialized and general knowledge, and acquired motivations and abilities for lifelong courses) ART 290 Art Appreciation KINE 280 Dance Appreciation LBAR 336 Integrated Music and Art

Selmic, Sandra

264

Print exposure and performance on the exit level science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills: A correlational study of secondary students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the pleasure reading habits and the science achievement of secondary students. The goal of this quantitative and non-experimental study was to examine the relationship between students' pleasure reading habits and their 11th-grade science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills scores. Pleasure reading habits were measured via relative levels of exposure to print, using the Title Recognition Test and Author Recognition Test, considered valid and reliable measurements of relative exposure to print. Science achievement was measured through the spring 2007 science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills. The sample population included 454 students enrolled in one large suburban high school in north Texas. Data analysis results revealed statistically significant correlations between exposure to print and science achievement.

Radloff, Michael Everett

265

Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue on knowledge includes annotated listings of Web sites, CD-ROMs and computer software, videos, books, and additional resources that deal with knowledge and differences between how animals and humans learn. Sidebars discuss animal intelligence, learning proper behavior, and getting news from the Internet. (LRW)

Online-Offline, 1999

1999-01-01

266

Knowledge, beliefs, risk behaviors, and social skills for HIV\\/STD prevention in junior college students (grades 11--12) in Bombay, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

1230 year 11 and 12 college students, modal age 16 and 17, in three colleges in Bombay, India, were studied on sexual behaviors or risk of sexual behaviors, beliefs about sex, HIV\\/STD knowledge, perceived norms regarding sexual behaviors, and the relationships between social skills\\/anxieties in HIV\\/STD prevention and actual and anticipated sexual behaviors. A quantitative questionnaire examining HIV\\/STD risk behaviors,

Rabia Mathai

1996-01-01

267

What goal is of most worth? The effects of the implementation of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills on elementary science teaching  

E-print Network

of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2006 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction WHAT GOAL IS OF MOST WORTH? THE EFFECTS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION... OF THE TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS ON ELEMENTARY SCIENCE TEACHING A Dissertation by PAMELA ENGLAND RODGERS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Rodgers, Pamela England

2006-08-16

268

Stochastic Reinforcement Benefits Skill Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning complex skills is driven by reinforcement, which facilitates both online within-session gains and retention of the acquired skills. Yet, in ecologically relevant situations, skills are often acquired when mapping between actions and rewarding outcomes is unknown to the learning agent, resulting in reinforcement schedules of a stochastic…

Dayan, Eran; Averbeck, Bruno B.; Richmond, Barry J.; Cohen, Leonardo G.

2014-01-01

269

The effects of a socioscientific issues instructional model in secondary agricultural education on students' content knowledge, scientific reasoning ability, argumentation skills, and views of the nature of science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a socioscientific issues-based instructional model on secondary agricultural education students' content knowledge, scientific reasoning ability, argumentation skills, and views of the nature of science. This study utilized a pre-experimental, single group pretest-posttest design to assess the impacts of a nine-week unit that incorporated a socioscientific issue into instruction on secondary agriculture students' agriscience content knowledge, scientific reasoning ability, argumentation skills, and views of the nature of science. The population for this study was Florida's secondary students enrolled in agricultural education. The accessible population was students enrolled in Agriscience Foundations classes in Florida. A convenience sample of Florida's Agriscience Foundations teachers attending a summer professional development or Chapter Officer Leadership Training session was taken. Paired-samples t tests were conducted to determine the impact the treatment had on students' agriscience content knowledge on distal and proximal assessments, as well as on students' scientific reasoning ability, argumentation skills related to number of argumentation justifications and quality of those justifications, and views of the nature of science. Paired-samples t tests were also conducted to determine whether the treatment yielded results with middle school or high school students. Statistical analysis found significant improvements in students' agriscience content knowledge, scientific reasoning ability, and argumentation skills. High school students' scores resulted in significant improvements in proximal content knowledge assessments and argumentation justification quality. Middle school students' scores resulted in significant improvements in proximal content knowledge assessments and scientific reasoning ability. No significant difference was found between students' views of the nature of science before and after the treatment. These findings indicate that socioscientific issues-based instruction can provide benefits for students in agricultural education. Teacher educators should work with teachers to maximize the learning that can occur through the various aspects of socioscientific issues-based instruction. Curriculum focusing on socioscientific issues-based instruction should be developed for specific courses in agricultural education. Finally, further investigation should be conducted to better understand how the aspects of socioscientific issues-based instruction can be altered to further enhance student learning.

Shoulders, Catherine Woglom

270

Evidence-based knowledge, skills, and attitudes for scholarly writing development across all levels of nursing education.  

PubMed

Because nursing care in health care settings becomes more complex, nurses are called upon to work effectively with other health care providers to deliver high-quality evidence-based care. To do so in a cost effective and efficient manner requires the development of effective oral and written communication skills in nurses. One form of written communication is scholarly writing. Scholarly writing is defined by the authors as writing that is specialized in nursing, communicates original thought, includes support from a body of literature, contains formal language consistent with the discipline of nursing, and is formatted in a manner consistent with peer-review publications. Faculty who facilitate the development of these skills face inconsistencies in students' writing ability and development across programs and levels of education. Nurse educators need to understand how to develop these communication skills for students enrolled at various educational levels and to teach students how to share information in a scholarly way. PMID:25150420

Hunker, Diane F; Gazza, Elizabeth A; Shellenbarger, Teresa

2014-01-01

271

Framework for the Evolution of Acquiring Knowledge Modules to Integrate the Acquisition of High-Level Cognitive Skills and Professional Competencies: Principles and Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changing profile of students, the expectations of business and the capabilities offered by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) makes it necessary to change teaching practices, particularly in higher education. This paper proposes a methodological framework destined to force disciplinary course modules to evolve in order to…

Warin, Bruno; Kolski, Christophe; Sagar, Mouldi

2011-01-01

272

A student who graduates from Texas A&M University with a baccalaureate degree will have acquired the knowledge and skills  

E-print Network

leadership; · recognize an ethical dilemma and apply rational decision-making in order to address it and creative ideas. Practice personal and social responsibility, including the ability to · practice ethical; · choose ethical courses of action in research and practice; · acknowledge and address the consequences

273

UNF graduates of the B.A.E program in Middle School Education (Math/Science) will demonstrate mastery of content knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical task assessments in core, major, an  

E-print Network

mastery of content knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments in determining student mastery of specific outcomes. · Works to continue the development of her/his own

Asaithambi, Asai

274

Behavior, nutrition and lifestyle in a comprehensive health and disease paradigm: skills and knowledge for a predictive, preventive and personalized medicine  

PubMed Central

Health and disease of individuals and of populations are the result of three groups of risk factors: genetics, environment and behavior. Assessment, interventions and tailored changes are possible with integrated approaches more effective if respectful of individuals and different cultures. Assessment tools and integrated interventional strategies are available, but widespread knowledge, skills and competence of well trained individual Medical Doctors still lack. Mediterranean diet is an appropriate reference paradigm because encompasses consistent research background, affordable sustainability, widespread comprehensibility and attractiveness inside a cultural framework of competences and skills in which the Medical Doctors can personally manage the need of prediction (early diagnosis), prevention (intervention on healthy persons) and tailored therapy and follow-up for patients. This profile is flexible and adjustable according to specific needs and preferences due to different economic and ethno-cultural milieus. It can enhanced through on-site/e-learning Continuous Medical Education (CME), by training and using friendly and affordable equipments. PMID:22738244

2012-01-01

275

Behavior, nutrition and lifestyle in a comprehensive health and disease paradigm: skills and knowledge for a predictive, preventive and personalized medicine.  

PubMed

Health and disease of individuals and of populations are the result of three groups of risk factors: genetics, environment and behavior. Assessment, interventions and tailored changes are possible with integrated approaches more effective if respectful of individuals and different cultures. Assessment tools and integrated interventional strategies are available, but widespread knowledge, skills and competence of well trained individual Medical Doctors still lack. Mediterranean diet is an appropriate reference paradigm because encompasses consistent research background, affordable sustainability, widespread comprehensibility and attractiveness inside a cultural framework of competences and skills in which the Medical Doctors can personally manage the need of prediction (early diagnosis), prevention (intervention on healthy persons) and tailored therapy and follow-up for patients. This profile is flexible and adjustable according to specific needs and preferences due to different economic and ethno-cultural milieus. It can enhanced through on-site/e-learning Continuous Medical Education (CME), by training and using friendly and affordable equipments. PMID:22738244

Trovato, Guglielmo M

2012-01-01

276

The relationship of teacher perceptions of the impact of technology integration on Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores of 9th-11th grade students at Alamo Heights Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas  

E-print Network

THE RELATIONSHIP OF TEACHER PERCEPTIONS OF THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION ON TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TAKS) SCORES OF 9th-11th GRADE STUDENTS AT ALAMO HEIGHTS INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS A Record of Study... PERCEPTIONS OF THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION ON TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TAKS) SCORES OF 9th-11th GRADE STUDENTS AT ALAMO HEIGHTS INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS A Record of Study by FRANK EDUARDO ALFARO Submitted...

Alfaro, Frank Eduardo

2008-10-10

277

Knowledge and Skills for the New Economy: The Role of Educational Policy. Training Matters: Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally characterized by a mixed human capital and human skills and resources model, the German education and training system has come under pressure from structural changes in economy and society. The emerging "new economy" is more than the sector of information technology industries. Beyond global action and rapid exchange of information,…

Heidemann, Winfried

278

TV as Storyteller: How Exposure to Television Narratives Impacts At-Risk Preschoolers' Story Knowledge and Narrative Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational media serve as informal educators within the home by supplementing young children's development. Substantial evidence documents the contributions of educational television to preschoolers' acquisition of a variety of skills; however, television's natural capacity as storyteller and the role it plays in preschoolers' early literacy…

Linebarger, Deborah L.; Piotrowski, Jessica Taylor

2009-01-01

279

Sexual History Inquiry and HIV Counseling: Improving Clinical Skills and Medical Knowledge through an Interactive Workshop Utilizing Standardized Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Sexual history and HIV counseling (SHHIVC) are essential clinical skills. Our project's purpose was to evaluate a standardized patient educational intervention teaching third-year medical students SHHIVC. Methods: A four-hour standardized patient workshop was delivered to one-half of the class each of three consecutive years at one…

Haist, Steven A.; Lineberry, Michelle J.; Griffith, Charles H.; Hoellein, Andrew R.; Talente, Gregg M.; Wilson, John F.

2008-01-01

280

Web-Based Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game (MORPG) for Assessing Students' Java Programming Knowledge and Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the current practices of assessing students' Java programming language concepts and skills by using educational multiplayer online role playing game. Some of the pitfalls of course design have been identified which need to be addressed to increase students' motivation and to reduce students' difficulties in grasping Java programming concepts. As a solution, a game based assessment and

Maiga Chang; Kinshuk

2010-01-01

281

Evidence of Alphabetic Knowledge in Writing: Connections to Letter and Word Identification Skills in Preschool and Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The writing skills of 286 children (157 female and 129 male) were studied by comparing name writing and letter writing scores from preschool to kindergarten with letter and word reading scores over the same time period. Two rubrics for scoring writing were compared to determine if scores based on multiple components (i.e., letter formation,…

Molfese, Victoria J.; Beswick, Jennifer L.; Jacobi-Vessels, Jill L.; Armstrong, Natalie E.; Culver, Brittany L.; White, Jamie M.; Ferguson, Melissa C.; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Molfese, Dennis L.

2011-01-01

282

The Effects of Reciprocal Teaching and Direct Instruction Approaches on Knowledge Map (k-map) Generation Skill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of the present study is to investigate whether reciprocal teaching approach or direct instruction approach is more effective in the teaching of k-map generation skill. Secondary purpose of the study is to determine which of the k-map generation principles are more challenging for students to apply. The results of the study…

Gorgen, Izzet

2014-01-01

283

10 Old Dominion University TransferableSkills  

E-print Network

develops strong motivation and consensus building skills) Transferable skills supplement your degree transferable skills. Campus and community activities, class projects and assignments, athletic activities acquired through the classroom, jobs, athletics and other activities. Use these examples to help you

284

Acquired hyperpigmentations.  

PubMed

Cutaneous hyperpigmentations are frequent complaints, motivating around 8.5% of all dermatological consultations in our country. They can be congenital, with different patterns of inheritance, or acquired in consequence of skin problems, systemic diseases or secondary to environmental factors. The vast majority of them are linked to alterations on the pigment melanin, induced by different mechanisms. This review will focus on the major acquired hyperpigmentations associated with increased melanin, reviewing their mechanisms of action and possible preventive measures. Particularly prominent aspects of diagnosis and therapy will be emphasized, with focus on melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, periorbital pigmentation, dermatosis papulosa nigra, phytophotodermatoses, flagellate dermatosis, erythema dyschromicum perstans, cervical poikiloderma (Poikiloderma of Civatte), acanthosis nigricans, cutaneous amyloidosis and reticulated confluent dermatitis. PMID:24626644

Cestari, Tania Ferreira; Dantas, Lia Pinheiro; Boza, Juliana Catucci

2014-01-01

285

11 Sense of Presence in Virtual Training: Enhancing Skills Acquisition and Transfer of Knowledge through Learning Experience in Virtual Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in educational and training technology are offering an increasing number of innovative and promising learning environments including three-dimensional and two-dimensional virtual worlds as well as computer simulations. These environments differ a lot as to both their technological sophistication and to the types of skills taught, varying for example from immersive 3D environments of high-fidelity to simulations of complex

Fabrizia MANTOVANI; Gianluca CASTELNUOVO

286

Electronic Health Information Literacy: An Investigation of the Electronic Health Information Knowledge and Skills of Health Education Majors  

E-print Network

-reported subjective beliefs about one's own skills, a self-report) (Ivanitskaya et al., 2010; Ivanitskaya et al., 2006; Redmond, 2007); ability to critically judge trustworthiness of Internet pharmacies (Ivanitskaya et al., 2010); and number of correct answers... answered the question that asked to locate an anonymous HIV test in the local area. Ivanitskaya et al., 2010 To what degree are college educated information seekers able to determine trustworthiness of online pharmacies? Substantial variation exists...

Hanik, Bruce Walter

2012-07-16

287

Nurse managers' perceptions related to their leadership styles, knowledge, and skills in these areas-a viewpoint: case of health centre wards in Finland.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to explore nurse managers' perceptions related to their leadership styles, knowledge, and their skills in these areas in health centre wards in Finland. The data were collected from nurse managers (n = 252) in health centre hospitals in Finland using a structured questionnaire (response rate 63%). Six leadership styles-visionary, coaching, affiliate, democratic, commanding, and isolating-were reflected on. Almost all respondents in every age group considered four leadership styles-visionary, coaching, affiliate, and democratic-to be very important or important. Nurse managers estimated their knowledge and skills in leadership styles to be essentially fairly sufficient or sufficient. Nurse managers' abilities to reflect, understand, and, if necessary, change their leadership style influence the work unit's success and employees' job satisfaction. Nurse managers, especially new nurse managers, need more theoretic, evidence-based education to cope with these expectations and to develop their professional abilities. Together with universities, health care organizations should start planning nurse manager education programmes that focus on strategic issues, leadership, job satisfaction, challenging situations in leadership, change management, work unit management (e.g., economy, efficiency, and resources), and how the nurse managers consider their own wellbeing. PMID:23691356

Vesterinen, Soili; Suhonen, Marjo; Isola, Arja; Paasivaara, Leena; Laukkala, Helena

2013-01-01

288

Effects of consumer-centered u-health service for the knowledge, skill, and attitude of the patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.  

PubMed

Through the use of ubiquitous health, or u-Health, services, medical information can be adapted and made accessible via computer and Internet to provide quality healthcare to anybody, any place, and any time. We developed and implemented u-Health services for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and studied their experiences with respect to their knowledge of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and skill and attitude toward the u-Health devices. The u-Health services were composed of telemonitoring and teleconsultation supplemented with home visits. To determine its effectiveness, the u-Health service system was implemented for 2 years with 144 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in a clinical experiment. The subjects were divided into three experimental groups, each provided with different services, compared before and after intervention, and among groups. The analysis of data gathered through the system suggested that u-Health services can support patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, improve patients' knowledge about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease self-management, build u-Health device usage skills, and foster a positive attitude toward u-Health devices. The u-Health services for the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were both feasible and effective from the patients' perspective. PMID:23266537

Kim, Jeongeun; Kim, Sukwha; Kim, Hee-Chan; Kim, Kyung-Hwan; Yang, Seok-Chul; Lee, Choon-Taek; Kong, Hyoun-Joong; Lee, Kyungsoon

2012-12-01

289

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Test Method for Checking and Evaluating of the Knowledge, the Skills and the Habits of Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following report stresses on the advantages and disadvantages of the test method for checking and evaluating the knowledge and the skills of students. The tests are one of the newest and most suitable methods for checking and evaluating-they provide broader scope and higher objectivity; they allow the typical mistakes and difficulties of the students to be discovered; they present the opportunity for self-study and self-evaluation they allow the student programs and methods of teaching to be improved and much more. On the other hand, the test method has disadvantages: they show the final answer, omitting the mind process of the students that led to this solution; the personal abilities and attitudes of every student cannot become evident from the test alone since the test stresses only on certain characteristics. From the short overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the popular test method in the recent years, we can conclude that this process is suitable for checking and evaluating of the knowledge and the skills of the students on every level of competency only if combined with other methods of evaluation.

Halova, E. Y.; Kobilarov, R. G.

2010-01-01

290

The Role of Goals and Belief Systems in the Acquisition of Ill-Defined Professional Skills: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study contributes to the debate about professional education and the nature of complex interpersonal skills. Preservice training programs make certain assumptions about how students acquire practical knowledge and consequently about how such knowledge is best taught. Students form their own beliefs, which in turn exercise considerable…

Hansen, Edmund

291

[Acquired hypertriglyceridemia].  

PubMed

Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with an increase in very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), chylomicron, intermediate density lipoprotein(IDL). Acquired hyperlipidemia results from various disorders, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, alcohol overuse, chronic kidney disease, hypothyroidism, and some drugs like thiazide, -blocker, estrogen, etc. It is important to identify secondary causes underlying hypertriglyceridemia before initiating pharmacotherapy, since management of the causative disorders is the first-line therapy. Even if hyperlipidemia is not controlled after treating the underlying disorders, specific lipid -lowering therapy may be required in addition to lifestyle modification. Fibrate, nicotinic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid are utilized to reduce triglyceride levels. Statin and ezetimibe are utilized if non-high density lipoprotein(HDL)-cholesterol is elevated. PMID:24205720

Takahashi, Manabu; Ishibashi, Shun

2013-09-01

292

Testing Skills in Vertebrates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present a project that gives students examples of basic skills that many vertebrate species develop as they grow and function in their ecosystem. These activities involve information gathering about surroundings, learning how to use objects, and tracking and searching skills. Different vertebrate species may acquire

Funk, Mildred Sears; Tosto, Pat

2007-01-01

293

Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

Basbagi, R. Ragip

2012-01-01

294

The Effect of a Multimedia Learning Environment on the Knowledge, Attitude, Confidence, and Skill of Dental Hygiene Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a student-centered, interactive, case-based, multimedia learning environment to a traditional tutorial-based, multimedia learning environment on second-year dental hygiene students (n = 29). Surveys were administered at four points to measure attainment and retention of knowledge, attitude,…

Stegeman, Cynthia A.

2011-01-01

295

Incorporating Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Knowledge and Skills into the Daily Work of Police Officers: A Focus Group Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative focus group study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training\\u000a for police officers. Thematic analysis of transcripts of focus group discussions revealed that officers report increased knowledge\\u000a of mental illnesses (which manifests as an improved ability to recognize and respond, reduced stereotyping\\/stigmatization,\\u000a greater empathy toward consumers and their caregivers, more patience when dealing

Sonya Hanafi; Masuma Bahora; Berivan N. Demir; Michael T. Compton

2008-01-01

296

Puzzle Play Improves Math Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief press release from the National Science Foundation summarizes the results of a University of Chicago study linking puzzle play with math skills. The study found that puzzle play proved to be a significant predictor of spatial skills. The study also found gender differences in child/parent interactions and in acquired skills.

2012-02-16

297

“Some of the things I understand but not all of it”. A group of deaf adolescents’ sources of knowledge and concerns regarding the adequacy of their level of knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus\\/acquired immune deficiency syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of the human immunodeficiency virus\\/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV\\/AIDS) pandemic in South Africa and the world, adolescents need to be acutely aware of the risks and consequences of HIV\\/AIDS. However, information campaigns may not always convey that information to adolescents successfully, especially deaf adolescents who may not have access to auditory information and may have limited access to

Victor de Andrade; Bontle Baloyi

2011-01-01

298

Systemic Acquired Resistance  

PubMed Central

Upon infection with necrotizing pathogens many plants develop an enhanced resistance to further pathogen attack also in the uninoculated organs. This type of enhanced resistance is referred to as systemic acquired resistance (SAR). In the SAR state, plants are primed (sensitized) to more quickly and more effectively activate defense responses the second time they encounter pathogen attack. Since SAR depends on the ability to access past experience, acquired disease resistance is a paradigm for the existence of a form of “plant memory”. Although the phenomenon has been known since the beginning of the 20th century, major progress in the understanding of SAR was made over the past sixteen years. This review covers the current knowledge of molecular, biochemical and physiological mechanisms that are associated with SAR. PMID:19521483

2006-01-01

299

The relationship between teacher Levels of Technology Integration (LoTi) on 3rd-5th Grade Students on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) scores at Alamo Heights Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas  

E-print Network

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHER LEVELS OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION (LoTi) ON 3RD-5TH GRADE STUDENTS ON THE TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TAKS) SCORES AT ALAMO HEIGHTS INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS A Record of Study... LEVELS OF TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION (LoTi) ON 3RD-5TH GRADE STUDENTS ON THE TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS (TAKS) SCORES AT ALAMO HEIGHTS INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS A Record of Study by DANA M. BASHARA Submitted to the Office...

Bashara, Dana Marie

2008-10-10

300

Predictors of Transfer of Experimental Design Skills in Elementary and Middle School Children1  

E-print Network

Predictors of Transfer of Experimental Design Skills in Elementary and Middle School Children1 Science and Technology Academy, 107 Thackeray St., 15213, Pittsburgh, PA, United States 1 {siler, klahr learners to transfer acquired knowledge to appropriate future situations. For elementary school children

Klahr, David

301

Childhood Learning, Life Skills and Well-Being in Adult Life: A Senegalese Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is not easily converted into human capital and well-being in low-income countries, because these countries do not have a high degree of economic and labour market differentiation that makes it possible to convert acquired knowledge and skills. Consequently, to have completed primary or even secondary education does not necessarily lead…

Daun, Holger

2010-01-01

302

Evolution from Collaborative Learning to Symbiotic E-Learning: Creation of New E-Learning Environment for Knowledge Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For people who live in the knowledge society which has rapidly been changing, learning in the widest sense becomes indispensable in all phases of working, living and playing. The construction of an environment, to meet the demands of people who need to acquire new knowledge and skills as the need arises, and enlighten each other regularly, is…

Songhao, He; Saito, Kenji; Maeda, Takashi; Kubo, Takara

2011-01-01

303

A comparison of a fifth-grade elementary school science research-based curriculum and an activity-centered traditional curriculum: Effects on conceptual knowledge, process skills and attitude  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the student outcomes of process skills, conceptual knowledge and attitudes of a research-based, model curriculum (SLL) as defined by the National Center for Improving Science Education (NCISE) and two similar programs that were activity centered, but traditionally taught science curricula (ACTS). Fifth-grade elementary students in a southeastern county participated in the study. The public school system has

Carolyn Howser Maidon

2001-01-01

304

The information below describes certain knowledge and skills, competencies, which graduate students should develop during their graduate career. Some competencies overlap in more than one category. Depending on your field and your chosen career path, cert  

E-print Network

a course, implement activities, and assess student learning. Ability to be pro-active, self-motivated resources to support academic development Attend TA orientation & teaching workshops Plan researchThe information below describes certain knowledge and skills, competencies, which graduate students

Crews, Stephen

305

Theory of Mind and Emotion Recognition Skills in Children with Specific Language Impairment, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typical Development: Group Differences and Connection to Knowledge of Grammatical Morphology, Word-Finding Abilities and Verbal Working Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Social perception skills, such as understanding the mind and emotions of others, affect children's communication abilities in real-life situations. In addition to autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there is increasing knowledge that children with specific language impairment (SLI) also demonstrate difficulties in their social…

Loukusa, Soile; Mäkinen, Leena; Kuusikko-Gauffin, Sanna; Ebeling, Hanna; Moilanen, Irma

2014-01-01

306

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee's Sheldon B. Lubar School of Business Graduate Certificate Program in State and Local Taxation provides students with the knowledge and skills they need to  

E-print Network

Program in State and Local Taxation provides students with the knowledge and skills they need considerations in designing state and local tax systems. Graduate Certificate in State and Local Taxation #12 Certificate in State and Local Taxation must complete the required 12 graduate credit hours with an overall

Saldin, Dilano

307

Teachers Don't Always Do What They Think They Should: A Preliminary Validation of the Early Childhood Educators' Knowledge of Self-Regulation Skills Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which teachers understand the concept of self-regulation skills and how best to implement practices that enhance self-regulation in children in the early childhood education classroom remains unexamined. The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the self-reporting Early Childhood Educators Knowledge of…

Willis, Elizabeth; Dinehart, Laura; Bliss, Leonard

2014-01-01

308

49 CFR 383.113 - Required skills.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE STANDARDS; REQUIREMENTS AND PENALTIES Required Knowledge and Skills § 383.113 Required skills. (a) Basic vehicle control skills. All applicants for a CDL...

2010-10-01

309

Why skill matters.  

PubMed

Maximizing rewards per unit time is ideal for success and survival in humans and animals. This goal can be approached by speeding up behavior aiming at rewards and this is done most efficiently by acquiring skills. Importantly, reward-directed skills consist of two components: finding a good object (i.e., object skill) and acting on the object (i.e., action skill), which occur sequentially. Recent studies suggest that object skill is based on high-capacity memory for object-value associations. When a learned object is encountered the corresponding memory is quickly expressed as a value-based gaze bias, leading to the automatic acquisition or avoidance of the object. Object skill thus plays a crucial role in increasing rewards per unit time. PMID:23911579

Hikosaka, Okihide; Yamamoto, Shinya; Yasuda, Masaharu; Kim, Hyoung F

2013-09-01

310

Evaluation of home-based programs for teaching personal safety skills to children  

PubMed Central

We evaluated the efficacy of a commercially available program, the Red Flag, Green Flag Prevention Book, used by parents to teach their children personal safety skills. Children's knowledge and skills regarding the prevention of sexual abuse and abduction were assessed prior to, during, and after training. In one group, training consisted of parents using the prevention book to train their children. Parents of children in the second group used the prevention book with added instructions. Children who did not achieve criterion performance after training with the prevention book received behavioral skills training provided by the experimenter. All children acquired safety skills following behavioral skills training. Follow-up probes 2 months later showed skill maintenance among the older children. Parents reported satisfaction with the procedures and no signs of behavioral or emotional problems following the follow-up probe. PMID:16795715

Miltenberger, Raymond G.; Thiesse-Duffy, Ellyn

1988-01-01

311

The Development of Cognitive Skills through Archaeology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains methods for structuring student participation in an archaeological expedition to develop the students' self-worth and to increase appreciation for history as it relates to the students' lives. Skills acquired may include: (1) earth science; (2) mathematics; (3) map reading skills; (4) communication skills; (5) writing skills; (6)…

Danes, Lois M. J.

1989-01-01

312

An Approach for Technical Skill Development & Succession in Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original mission as electric power supplier is to stably supply high-quality and inexpensive electricity. In order to achieve this mission, for the employees that actually deal with the electric equipment, to engage themselves in precise job performance is crucial. In fostering human resources, we emphasize both on knowledge development that is required for employees and on skill building that is necessary for the precise job performance. Each engineering department is proactive in conducting the engineering training that is devised along with respective operation through OJT and Off-JT to acquire and transfer practical techniques and skills. Hereafter, we will furthermore work to enhance in-company training, visualizing the techniques and skills that engineers are required to acquire, and the achievement that each engineer has acquired.

Higuchi, Takahiro

313

The impact of using student-dictated oral review stories on science vocabulary, content knowledge, and non-fiction writing skills of first grade students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine if using an intervention called Student Dictated Oral Review Stories (SDORS) had an effect on science vocabulary usage and content knowledge for ninety-three students in six first grade classrooms and the subgroup of economically disadvantaged students in a mid-sized north Texas school district. The five science units involved in the study were written incorporating the strand of physical science. Data from pre- and posttests from each unit and an end-of-study assessment were compiled and analyzed. This study also looked at integration of science with literacy through analysis of students' science journal writings. Journal writings were analyzed for vocabulary usage and non-fiction writing skills of capitalization and punctuation. Average sentence length was also analyzed for Units 1--5 of the treatment group. It was anticipated that the outcomes of this study would allow school districts and curriculum writers to determine how to best integrate key concepts and important vocabulary with literacy particularly in the area of science. Results from the study showed significant differences in the end-of-study assessment, vocabulary usage as evidenced in journal writings, and average sentence length. Although there was gain over time for every student in the study in vocabulary and content knowledge, these gains could not be attributed to the intervention. This study also hoped to establish whether students were using science vocabulary routinely in their discussions and their writings and were building and continually assessing their own schemas about scientific concepts through using Student Dictated Oral Review Stories.

Bishoff, Sandra Wells

314

The Knowledge of Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that college freshmen are generally inexperienced writers writing on topics about which they are not knowledgeable. Explores college freshmen's concomitant process of acquiring knowledge. Argues that composition should be conceptualized as an interweaving of writing and knowledge acquisition. (RS)

Landis, Kathleen

1990-01-01

315

Horse Project Helper's Guide: Horse Group Activities. 4-H Skills for Life Animal Series. National 4-H Curriculum. BU-08058  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive group activities help leaders make knowledge come to life for youth. Special tips for leaders to help youth acquire life skills. There is added attention to safety and subject matter throughout the series. This guide is designed for adults and older youth and includes individual meeting guides as well as a variety of information and…

Neiberger-Miller, Ami

2004-01-01

316

Comparing the Effectiveness of Webinars and Participatory learning on essential newborn care (ENBC) in the class room in terms of acquisition of knowledge and skills of student nurses: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

A randomized controlled trial was conducted in tertiary level center to compare the effectiveness of Webinars (WL) vs. Participatory learning (PL) on Essential Newborn Care (ENBC) in terms of acquisition of knowledge and skills of pre-service 6th semester student nurses. They were randomized to receive teaching on four topics of ENBC by two facilitators. Gain in knowledge and skill scores in ENBC were measured using validated assessment methods. Baseline characteristics including age, education, marks and hours of internet surfing were comparable between two groups (WL: n = 28, PL: n = 30). Pre-training mean knowledge scores in WL and PL group (mean ± SD) (30.96 ± 5.62 vs. 31.43 ± 4.74 p = 0.42), and skill scores (19.14 ± 3.37 vs. 19.20 ± 3.71 respectively, p = 0.77) were comparable. Training methods resulted in equal gain in knowledge in both groups. Satisfaction scores among the participants were also comparable. Thus, using webinars on ENBC as new technology in class room teaching may be an effective, alternative method to using participatory learning. PMID:22562227

Joshi, Poonam; Thukral, Anu; Joshi, Meena; Deorari, Ashok K; Vatsa, Manju

2013-02-01

317

Naturally acquired microchimerism  

PubMed Central

Bi-directional transplacental trafficking occurs routinely during the course of normal pregnancy, from fetus to mother and from mother to fetus. In addition to a variety of cell-free substances, it is now well recognized that some cells are also exchanged. Microchimerism refers to a small number of cells (or DNA) harbored by one individual that originated in a genetically different individual. While microchimerism can be the result of iatrogenic interventions such as transplantation or transfusion, by far the most common source is naturally acquired microchimerism from maternal-fetal trafficking during pregnancy. Microchimerism is a subject of much current interest for a number of reasons. During pregnancy, fetal microchimerism can be sought from the mother’s blood for the purpose of prenatal diagnosis. Moreover, studies of fetal microchimerism during pregnancy may offer insight into complications of pregnancy, such as preeclampsia, as well as insights into the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis which usually ameliorates during pregnancy. Furthermore, it is now known that microchimerism persists decades later, both fetal microchimerism in women who have been pregnant and maternal microchimerism in her progeny. Investigation of the long-term consequences of fetal and maternal microchimerism is another exciting frontier of active study, with initial results pointing both to adverse and beneficial effects. This review will provide an overview of microchimerism during pregnancy and of current knowledge regarding long-term effects of naturally acquired fetal and maternal microchimerism. PMID:19924635

GAMMILL, HILARY S.; NELSON, J. LEE

2010-01-01

318

A study of the effects of English language proficiency and scientific reasoning skills on the acquisition of science content knowledge of Hispanic English language learners and native English language-speaking students participating in grade 10 science classes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of English language proficiency and levels of scientific reasoning skills of Hispanic English language learners and native English language speaking students on their acquisition of science content knowledge as measured by a state-wide standardized science test. The researcher studied a group of high school Hispanic English language learners and native English language speaking students participating in Grade 10 science classes. The language proficiency of the students was to be measured through the use of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) instrument. A Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning developed by Lawson (1978) was administered in either English or Spanish to the group of Hispanic English language learners and in English to the group of native English language-speaking students in order to determine their levels of scientific reasoning skills. The students' acquisition of science content knowledge was measured through the use of statewide-standardized science test developed by the State's Department of Education. This study suggests that the levels of English language proficiency appear to influence the acquisition of science content knowledge of Hispanic English language learners in the study. The results of the study also suggest that with regards to scientific reasoning skills, students that showed high levels or reflective reasoning skills for the most part performed better on the statewide-standardized science test than students with intuitive or transitional reasoning skills. This assertion was supported by the studies conducted by Lawson and his colleagues, which showed that high levels of reasoning or reflective reasoning skills are prerequisite for most high school science courses. The findings in this study imply that high order English language proficiency combined with high levels of reasoning skills enhances students' abilities to learn science content subject matter. This lends support to Cummins' theoretical framework, which indicates that learning science content subject matter requires cognitive academic language proficiency (CALP). The study also indicates that CALP maybe the combination of high order English language proficiency and high levels of reasoning skills. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Torres, Hector Neftali, Sr.

2000-11-01

319

Attitudes of College Graduates, Faculty, and Human Resource Managers Regarding the Importance of Skills Acquired in College and Needed for Job Performance and Career Advancement Potential in the Retail Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to empirically examine college graduate, faculty, and human resource manager descriptions of needed, received, and further training in eight employability dimensions of literacy and numeracy, critical thinking, management, leadership, interpersonal, information technology, systems thinking skills, and work ethic…

Heimler, Ronald

2010-01-01

320

Map Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Map Skill Activities Map Skills Follow the directions below and write your answers on the worksheet provided. 1. Continents Quiz: Continents Quiz 2. Latitude/Longitude Reviews latitude and longitude quiz latitude/longitude map game lat/long multiple choice quiz 3. Map Scale Map Scale Activity 4.Map Skills map skills game map skills quiz ...

Ali, Mrs.

2010-02-23

321

A Knowledge-Based System Developer for aerospace applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A prototype Knowledge-Based System Developer (KBSD) has been developed for aerospace applications by utilizing artificial intelligence technology. The KBSD directly acquires knowledge from domain experts through a graphical interface then builds expert systems from that knowledge. This raises the state of the art of knowledge acquisition/expert system technology to a new level by lessening the need for skilled knowledge engineers. The feasibility, applicability , and efficiency of the proposed concept was established, making a continuation which would develop the prototype to a full-scale general-purpose knowledge-based system developer justifiable. The KBSD has great commercial potential. It will provide a marketable software shell which alleviates the need for knowledge engineers and increase productivity in the workplace. The KBSD will therefore make knowledge-based systems available to a large portion of industry.

Shi, George Z.; Wu, Kewei; Fensky, Connie S.; Lo, Ching F.

1993-01-01

322

Self-efficacy, word reading, and vocabulary knowledge in English language learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

English language learners (ELLs) are dramatically behind in the number of English vocabulary words they have acquired when they enter kindergarten. Research that has been conducted on early reading skills and vocabulary knowledge in ELLs focuses almost exclusively on instruction despite the fact that student characteristics such as self-efficacy play a significant role in academic outcomes. The aim of this

Tricia Florence Mase

2011-01-01

323

From learning styles to learning skills: the executive skills profile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends that a typology of skills based on a framework of learning styles and experiential learning theory, rather than a framework of job performance or some other personality construct, provides a language and guidance for assessment methods to describe knowledge at the performance level of adaptation. It requires development of the concept of learning skills which are: domainspecific and knowledge-rich;

Richard E. Boyatzis; David A. Kolb

1995-01-01

324

Integrating chronic care with primary care activities: enriching healthcare staff knowledge and skills and improving glycemic control of a cohort of people with diabetes through the First Line Diabetes Care Project in the Philippines  

PubMed Central

Background This study investigated the effects of integrating primary chronic care with current healthcare activities in two local government health units (LGHU) of the Philippines on knowledge and skills of the LGHU staff and clinical outcomes for people with diabetes. Design Integration was accomplished through health service reorganization, (re)distribution of chronic care tasks, and training of LGHU staff. Levels of the staff's pre- and post-training diabetes knowledge and of their self-assessment of diabetes care-related skills were measured. Primary diabetes care with emphasis on self-care development was provided to a cohort of people with diabetes. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and obesity measures were collected prior to and one year after full project implementation. Results The training workshop improved diabetes knowledge (p<0.001) and self-assessed skills (p<0.001) of the LGHU staff. Significant reductions in HbA1c (p<0.001), waist–hip ratio (p<0.001) and waist circumference (p=0.011) of the cohort were noted. Although the reduction in HbA1c was somewhat greater among those whose community-based care providers showed improvement in knowledge and self-assessed skills, the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions Primary care for chronic conditions such as diabetes may be integrated with other healthcare activities in health services of low-to-middle-income countries such as the Philippines, utilizing pre-existing human resources for health, and may improve clinical endpoints. PMID:25361726

Ku, Grace Marie V.; Kegels, Guy

2014-01-01

325

The acquisition of integrated science process skills in a web-based learning environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Web-based learning is becoming prevalent in science learning. Some use specially designed programs, while others use materials available on the Internet. This qualitative case study examined the process of acquisition of integrated science process skills, particularly the skill of controlling variables, in a web-based learning environment among grade 5 children. Data were gathered primarily from children's conversations and teacher-student conversations. Analysis of the data revealed that the children acquired the skill in three phases: from the phase of recognition to the phase of familiarization and finally to the phase of automation. Nevertheless, the acquisition of the skill only involved the acquisition of certain subskills of the skill of controlling variables. This progression could be influenced by the web-based instructional material that provided declarative knowledge, concrete visualization and opportunities for practise.

Saat, Rohaida Mohd.

2004-01-01

326

Can English Language Learners Acquire Academic English?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learners of English language are taught the art of communication by assisting them to read, express ideas and opinions and using strategies skillfully. These learners can acquire academic English if they recognize that the best instructional practices for English as Secondary Language (ESL) students are best practices for all students.

Cruz, Mary Carmen

2004-01-01

327

Improving the Teaching Skills of Registered Dietitians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a perceived need on the part of health professionals for acquiring better teaching skills, a 30-hour course called "Effective Patient Teaching" (EPT) was developed. The course focuses on interpersonal skills that establish bedside manner, essential teaching functions, delivery skills, and adherence counseling techniques. This study…

Pichert, James W.; And Others

328

Study of Skill Development through Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the extent of attainment of managerial skills through distance education, the impact of multimedia on career of learners and the influence of acquired managerial skills on the managerial performance. Findings revealed that the multimedia materials helped greatly in the development of managerial skills, which facilitates the performance of…

Sreekumar, S. S.

1998-01-01

329

The Relative Impact of a Career Academy on Post-Secondary Work and Education Skills in Urban, Public High Schools. HIRE Discussion Paper Number 97-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relative impact of career academies on postsecondary educational attainment and knowledge and skills acquired in urban public high schools was examined through an analysis of single-district and national databases. The national data were obtained from the first and third follow-up surveys of the National Education Longitudinal Study. Compared…

Maxwell, Nan L.; Rubin, Victor

330

Integration and Reuse in Cognitive Skill Acquisition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous accounts of cognitive skill acquisition have demonstrated how procedural knowledge can be obtained and transformed over time into skilled task performance. This article focuses on a complementary aspect of skill acquisition, namely the integration and reuse of previously known component skills. The article posits that, in addition to…

Salvucci, Dario D.

2013-01-01

331

[Acquired von Willebrand's disease].  

PubMed

We describe a patient with acquired von Willebrand's disease and Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. He suffered from an acquired tendency to bleed. The laboratory findings were identical to those of congenital von Willebrand's disease. The acquired form of this bleeding disorder is seen in association with immunologically active B cell lymphomas, certain other malignant tumours, and autoimmune diseases. The incidence and prevalence are unknown, but this disorder is probably uncommon. We discuss possible pathogenetic mechanisms. Acquired von Willebrand's disease should be considered in patients with an acquired tendency to bleed, especially if the patient also has a lymphoproliferative, neoplastic, or autoimmune disease. PMID:8332973

Berentsen, S; Hammerstrøm, J

1993-05-10

332

The Search for a New Role of Liberal Education in an Age of Globalization: The Challenge of Transferable Skills to Liberal Knowledge at Japanese Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the tasks facing Japanese colleges and universities is to implement a continuum of effective educational programs in order to properly respond to the impact of globalization. Effective university educational programs are needed to construct a new higher education system for nurturing transferable learning skills and cultivating hope for the…

Hayakawa, Misao

2014-01-01

333

Using the Attribute Hierarchy Method to Make Diagnostic Inferences about Examinees' Knowledge and Skills in Mathematics: An Operational Implementation of Cognitive Diagnostic Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to apply the attribute hierarchy method in an operational diagnostic mathematics program at Grades 3 and 6 to promote cognitive inferences about students' problem-solving skills. The attribute hierarchy method is a psychometric procedure for classifying examinees' test item responses into a set of structured attribute…

Gierl, Mark J.; Alves, Cecilia; Majeau, Renate Taylor

2010-01-01

334

Developing Knowledge and Skills for Aspiring Educational Leaders that Address Best Practices in Classroom Assessment and Instruction: An NCPEA Course Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an Instructional Module for a course entitled Assessment and Instruction for Educational Leaders addresses classroom assessment and the evaluation of instruction. The goal of this course is to help aspiring educational leaders to develop teacher observation and evaluation skills, better understand the construction of teacher generated…

Del Favero, Frank

2011-01-01

335

Which Core Matters More? Differences in Definitions of Quality Lead to New Debates over the Importance of Teaching Practical Skills versus Specific Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Potential students hoping to gauge the quality of courses at Portland State University might be forgiven for feeling confused. On the one hand, the University Studies program, which uses interdisciplinary seminars during the first two years to develop students' core skills, has been widely praised and emulated. The Council for Higher Education…

Berrett, Dan

2012-01-01

336

Explaining social class differences in growth of reading skills from beginning kindergarten through fourth-grade: The role of phonological awareness, rate of access, and print knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this longitudinal study was to further ourunderstanding of the reasons for social classdifferences in growth of decoding and readingcomprehension skills from beginning kindergarten throughchildren's fourth grade year. Participants wereenrolled in five public schools in a moderately sizedsouthern American city (n = 197). We examined ifbeginning kindergarten levels of three kinds ofreading related abilities explained social classdifferences in

Steven A. Hecht; Stephen R. Burgess; Joseph K. Torgesen; Richard K. Wagner; Carol A. Rashotte

2000-01-01

337

The Post-Diploma Bachelor of Health Sciences program provides students with the practical skills and the theoretical knowledge needed for an effective and compassionate role in  

E-print Network

The Post-Diploma Bachelor of Health Sciences program provides students with the practical skills may be eligible to enter the Post-Diploma B.H.Sc. (Direct Entry) program or the Post-Diploma B.H.Sc. (Extended) program: · Graduates of Sir Sandford Fleming College will be considered for the Post-Diploma B

Seldin, Jonathan P.

338

The Post-Diploma Bachelor of Health Sciences program provides students with the practical skills and the theoretical knowledge needed for an effective and compassionate role in  

E-print Network

The Post-Diploma Bachelor of Health Sciences program provides students with the practical skills may be eligible to enter the Post-Diploma B.H.Sc. (Direct Entry) program or the Post-Diploma B.H.Sc. (Extended) program: · Graduates of Fleming College will be considered for the Post-Diploma B.H.Sc. (Direct

Seldin, Jonathan P.

339

Developmental and acquired dyslexias.  

PubMed

Marshall (1984) highlighted potential parallels between children with developmental disorders of reading and adults who had acquired reading disorders. He advocated the use of a cognitive neuropsychological framework in the investigation of children with developmental abnormalities of cognition, including those with developmental dyslexias. Developmental phonological dyslexia has been extensively described and is a pervasive disorder. The relationship between reading difficulty and phonological difficulties evident in explicit oral phonological tasks continues to be a focus for debate. Clear cases of developmental deep dyslexia have now been described and the syndrome has also been described as characterising early reading development in Williams syndrome (WS), where there are also semantic errors in other domains, including naming and receptive vocabulary and there may be a generalised difficulty with the activation of fine grain semantic specifications. In the domain of number, highly selective reading disorders characterised by high rates of semantic errors have been documented, indicating that semantic reading errors can be domain-specific. They can occur to number words despite intact ability to read Arabic numbers and they can occur to Arabic numbers and number words despite intact ability to read words in other domains. Current models of reading written words do not allow for such material-specific dissociation. Developmental surface dyslexia has also been described in a range of countries, languages and orthographies. Descriptions of cases for whom there is no phonological impairment in reading have generated contrary evidence for theories suggesting that phonological impairment underlies all developmental dyslexia. As reading develops in Williams Syndrome, phonological reading skills may improve with over-reliance on these leading to surface dyslexia. Surface dyslexia has also been reported in cases of developmental amnesia in which there are semantic memory impairments. Hyperlexia can take several forms including broad hyperdevelopment with elevated phonological reading abilities, lexico-semantic reading abilities and reading comprehension as in Turner's syndrome (TS). This advantage has early onset in school-starters. These specific modular effects do not have pervasive impact across systems but demonstrate the limitations of functional plasticity in developmental and genetic disorders. The framework Marshall (1984) outlined has provided a foundation for the development of systematic investigation of developmental disorders. PMID:17131596

Temple, Christine M

2006-08-01

340

A Study of the Effects of Breath Management Instruction on the Breathing Mode, Knowledge of Breathing, and Performance Skills of College-Level Brass Players.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the effectiveness of breathing instruction on the breath management, performance, and knowledge of breathing among college-level brass musicians. Finds that breathing instruction significantly improved the breath management and knowledge of the breathing for the experimental groups and the musical range of the trombone players in the…

Phillips, Kenneth H.; Sehmann, Karin Harfst

1990-01-01

341

Skill Set  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With competition to attract quality students into career and technical education programs and many entrants to the workforce inadequately prepared with employability skills, some community colleges have found a way to answer industry's call--they are launching SkillsUSA chapters on campus. In this article, the author features SkillsUSA, a…

Holdsworth, Tom

2007-01-01

342

Centre for Educational Development Student Employability & Skills Policy Student Employability and Skills Policy 2008-2011  

E-print Network

-based economy and the wider society. 2. Skills to be acquired The University intends that all students/intellectual skills, which include being able to identify, analyse and solve problems by prioritising tasks, coping Business and organisational skills which include being able to appreciate and understand how businesses

Paxton, Anthony T.

343

Laboratory?Acquired Infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory-acquired infections due to a wide variety of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites have been described. Although the precise risk of infection after an exposure remains poorly defined, surveys of laboratory-acquired infections suggest that Brucella species, Shigella species, Salmonella species, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Neisseria meningitidis are the most common causes. Infections due to the bloodborne pathogens (hepatitis B virus, hepatitis

Kamaljit Singh

2009-01-01

344

Validity of Learning Strategies/Skills Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research has documented that most students tend to employ inefficient or less-than-effective methods for acquiring, retaining, retrieving, or applying information. To acquire, retain, and appropriately apply knowledge, it has become evident that methods d...

D. F. Dansereau, C. D. Holley, K. W. Collins, L. W. Brooks, B. McDonald

1980-01-01

345

Business Financial Occupations: Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report organizes the information provided by 71 individuals in finance-related occupations in 11 states into skills inventories for persons in these jobs. The skills inventories contain the following sections: (1) occupation-specific knowledge (communication, mathematics, science); (2) workplace behaviors (work ethics, interpersonal…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

346

A Changing Healthcare System Model: The Effectiveness of Knowledge, Attitude, and Skill of Nursing Assistants Who Attend Senile Dementia Patients in Nursing Homes in Xi'an, China - A Questionnaire Survey  

PubMed Central

Background In 2010, China had an elderly population of 1.78 billion people. As in other societies around the world, China is facing a growing challenge in providing care for its elderly citizens. Ensuring the highest quality of care for elderly patients, many of whom have senile dementia, is directly related to the performance of nursing assistants. Methods With the goal of investigating the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of nursing assistants who care for senile dementia patients in nursing homes in Xi'an, China, we distributed a survey and analyzed the responses. Results Nursing assistants showed dedication and sincerity in their care for senile dementia patients. However, their performances in the categories of life nursing and mental nursing reveal room for improvement. Further, the nursing assistants did not display adequate knowledge about senile dementia. Based on survey results, the knowledge of the nursing assistants concerning nursing safety was comparatively adequate. Conclusion Nursing assistants who care for senile dementia patients in nursing homes in Xi'an, China, require further training that expands their knowledge and increases their capabilities. We recommend that nursing homes in Xi'an offer a standardized professional nurse/nurse assistant training course that focuses on care for elderly patients with senile dementia.

Cui, Yan; Fan, Rong; Wang, Yue-Min; Kaye, Aaron Joshua; Kaye, Alan David; Bueno, Franklin Rivera; Pei, Jian-Ming

2014-01-01

347

Semiconductor Manufacturing Technician Skill Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Skill standards are quality standards applied to people. They are specific statements of desired skill and knowledge presented in observable and measurable form. The statement contains a condition that defines under what circumstances it will be observed and measured. The desired behavior is defined and the standard criteria are stated in terms of "how good is good enough?" Skill standards specify the expected behavior, the condition and the standard for performance for technicians working in highly automated environments such as 300mm semiconductor fabs.The manufacturing environment has evolved from one that was populated with self-contained tools utilizing robotics technology to one that is composed of large numbers of these tools interconnected by automated material handling systems (AMHS) and driven by a centralized manufacturing execution system (MES) in such a way as to maximize factory throughput and output.The skills required to work in such an environment consist of most of the skills required by the previous environment (i.e., 200mm fabs) plus some emerging skills. These emerging skills are primarily skills and knowledge related to the new, enterprise automation systems, their maintenance, and the ability to utilize the vast amount of information they provide.Importantly, these skills are transferable to a great extent to a variety of industries such as pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food processing and automotive manufacturing. In the course of this project, research into transportation industries (railroads) and chemical processing (refineries) showed a high degree of commonality of the skills required.

2011-01-13

348

UNF graduates of the ASL/English Interpreting Program will demonstrate mastery of content knowledge and interpreting skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical task assessments. It is expected that candidates apply  

E-print Network

-monitoring skills to assess interpretation for accuracy and make repairs when necessary. Critical Thinking Skills · Apply critical thinking skills to ethical decision-making. · Apply critical thinking skills and interpreting skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical task

Asaithambi, Asai

349

Shop Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Shop Skills is a lesson plan which provides instruction in the safety procedures and work processes for hand and machine tools used in a metal machine shop. Specific skills include sawing, drilling, boring, grinding, lathing, and milling. After completing this module, students should be able to demonstrate proficiency in these skills through a variety of shop projects and in a final exercise that uses a combination of these skills. Note: This module is part of a modularized manufacturing technology curriculum created by the PSCME, found at www.pscme.org/educators.html.

2010-07-22

350

THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A POLYSENSORY INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM FOR TEACHING KNOWLEDGES AND SKILLS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF EXPANDABLE POLYSTYRENE PLASTICS. REPORT NO. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIRTY STUDENTS IN GRADES 6 THROUGH 12 CLASSIFIED INTO HIGH, AVERAGE, AND LOW ABILITY GROUPS, USED EXPANDABLE POLYSTYRENE PLASTICS AND EQUIPMENT TO CONSTRUCT A FOAMED RUBBER ICE BUCKET TO PROVIDE AN INDICATOR OF THE SUCCESS OF THE POLYSENSORY SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM DEVELOPED FOR THIS EXPERIMENT. A PRETEST DETERMINED EXISTING KNOWLEDGES AND…

NISH, DALE LEROY

351

Child Characteristics by Science Instruction Interactions in Second and Third Grade and Their Relation to Students' Content-Area Knowledge, Vocabulary, and Reading Skill Gains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The associations among second- and third-grade students' content-area knowledge, vocabulary, and reading gains and the science instruction they received were examined in this exploratory longitudinal study. We also asked whether there were child characteristics x instruction interaction effects on students' content-area literacy. Second graders (n…

Connor, Carol McDonald; Rice, Diana C.; Canto, Angela I.; Southerland, Sherry A.; Underwood, Phyllis; Kaya, Sibel; Fishman, Barry; Morrison, Frederick J.

2012-01-01

352

Family Day Care Educators' Knowledge, Confidence and Skills in Promoting Children's Social and Emotional Wellbeing: Baseline Data from Thrive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents baseline data from Thrive, a capacity-building program for family day care educators. Educators completed a self-report survey assessing knowledge and confidence in promoting children's social and emotional wellbeing. An in-home observation was used to assess care quality. Twenty-four educators responded to the survey (40…

Davis, Elise; Corr, Lara; Ummer-Christian, Rahila; Gilson, Kim-Michelle; Waters, Elizabeth; Mihalopoulos, Cathrine; Marshall, Bernie; Cook, Kay; Herman, Helen; Mackinnon, Andrew; Harrsion, Linda; Sims, Margaret

2014-01-01

353

The Effect of an Integrated Course Cluster Learning Community on the Oral and Written Communication Skills and Technical Content Knowledge of Upper-Level College of Agriculture Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine if upper-level college students who participated in AgPAQ, an integrated course cluster learning community, would demonstrate enhanced learning in the areas of oral communication, written communication, and agronomic/economic technical content knowledge. The population (N = 182)…

Barnett, Cynthia; Miller, Greg; Polito, Thomas A.; Gibson, Lance

2009-01-01

354

Education research Subject knowledge  

E-print Network

Education research Subject knowledge and pedagogy in science teacher training October 2011 #12;Subject knowledge and pedagogy in science teacher training John Holman, Senior Fellow for Education subject knowledge (as opposed to general teaching skills), and whether there are significant variations

Rambaut, Andrew

355

Knowledge | Replication Knowledg owledge | Replication Knowledge | R  

E-print Network

Knowledge | Replication Knowledg owledge | Replication Knowledge | R wledge | ReplicationKnowledge | Re dge | ReplicationKnowledge | Repl e | ReplicationKnowledge | Replica | ReplicationKnowledge | Replicatio Replication Knowledge | Replication ication Knowledge | Replication ationKnowledge | Replication

Shull, Kenneth R.

356

A knowledge services roadmay for online learning  

E-print Network

In today's society, there is a need for organizations to have a robust knowledge infrastructure in place, so that they can create or acquire knowledge; store knowledge; disseminate knowledge, and protect and manage their ...

Rajagopal, Anand, 1979-

2005-01-01

357

[Acquired B antigen].  

PubMed

Many cases of acquired B antigens, always observed in group A subjects have been so far reported. Most of them were found in patients with digestive tract disease, essentially colonic cancer. An investigation on 200 patients in a gastroenterology department showed that this B-like antigen was quite frequent (10,6%); it occurred only in A1 individuals and was related to infectious syndrome. Immunological and serological studies of many cases had shown that this B-like antigen differs from that of normal B cells. Groupe A1 cells transfused to patients acquired B activity; on the contrary group A2 and O cells remained unchanged. Likewise, only A1 cell became active when incubated in vitro with C. Tertium A., known to contain a deacetylase. In 1970, we postulated that a deacetylase enzyme could be responsible for this B-like antigen: this enzyme could transform the N-acetylgalactosamine (A specific sugar) into galactosamine, which could cross react with anti-B sera. The relationship between the acquired B antigen and a deacetylase was recently confirmed: A1 acquired B cells, chemically acetylated lost their B reactivity and enhanced their A1 activity. A polyagglutinability, different from that associated with T, Tn, Cad, Hempas has been always found in acquired B cells; nervertheless, because of its weakness, it could sometimes be unnoticed. Besides, it disappeared prior to B reactivity in case of recovery. Like acquired B activity, it decreased in low pH medium of after acetylation of the cells. Nevertheless, this polyagglutinability appears, contrarly to acquired B antigen, in vitro, on all the cells, irrespective of their ABO phenotypes. A deacetylation of N-acetyl-neruaminic acid could explain such a phenomenon. PMID:61608

Gerbal, A; Ropars, C

1976-03-01

358

The 21st Century Skills Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2002, the Partnership for 21st Century Skills has been the leading advocacy organization in the United States focused on infusing 21st century skills into education. Its "Framework for 21st Century Learning," the result of a consensus among hundreds of stakeholders, describes the skills, knowledge, and expertise students need to succeed in…

Johnson, Paige

2009-01-01

359

Griffith Graduate Attributes Teamwork Skills Toolkit  

E-print Network

discipline/professional skills and knowledge in the workplace Professional Skills (2) Effective CommunicatorsGriffith Graduate Attributes Teamwork Skills Toolkit (B) Effective Communicators and Team Members 1. Capacity to communicate effectively with others orally 2. Capacity to communicate effectively with others

New South Wales, University of

360

The Evolution of Procedural Knowledge  

E-print Network

A focus on planning and debugging procedures underlies the enhanced proficiency of recent programs which solve problems and acquire new skills. By describing complex procedures as constituents of evolutionary sequences of ...

Miller, Mark L.

1975-01-16

361

Flexible Knowledge Acquisition Through Explicit Representation of Knowledge Roles  

E-print Network

Flexible Knowledge Acquisition Through Explicit Representation of Knowledge Roles Bill Swartout@isi.edu, gil@isi.edu Abstract A system that acquires knowledge from a user should be able to reflect upon the knowledge that it has--at each moment--and understand what kinds of new knowledge it needs to learn

Southern California, University of

362

Skill Development for Volunteering in Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the skills required of volunteers in the voluntary sector organisations that operate in three rural Tasmanian communities. It reports how volunteers acquire those skills and reveals the challenges faced by voluntary sector organisations in rural communities whose industries and, following from this, community members have a…

Kilpatrick, Sue; Stirling, Christine; Orpin, Peter

2010-01-01

363

KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE SEMINAR SERIES  

E-print Network

1 KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE SEMINAR SERIES Improving court work skills in child care proceedings. Dr in child welfare and criminal justice proceedings. The programme aims to develop student skills in advocacy, giving evidence and dealing with cross-examination in cases involving child protection and welfare issues

Paxton, Anthony T.

364

Thinking skills: the question of generality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the question of whether there are useful general thinking skills. It oÄ ers a working de® nition ofthinking skill' and identi® es ways in which this concept has been over-applied. Thinking skills, used across domains, are not inevitably weak as a result of the generality± power tradeoÄ . Admitting that thinking skills require domain-speci® c knowledge for

Gerald F. Smith

2002-01-01

365

Acquired Brain Injury Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Program at Coastline Community College (California). The ABI Program is a two-year, for-credit educational curriculum designed to provide structured cognitive retraining for adults who have sustained an ABI due to traumatic (such as motor vehicle accident or fall) or non-traumatic(such as…

Schwartz, Stacey Hunter

366

Acquired upper airway obstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acquired upper airway obstruction is a common cause of respiratory emergencies in children. Most pathologic processes that result in upper airway compromise are a consequence of infection, trauma or aspiration. Today, many of the infectious causes of upper airway obstruction have lost their threat as a result of the progress made in preventing and treating these infections. Prompt recognition and

Jürg Hammer

2004-01-01

367

Community-acquired pneumonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in all age groups, especially the elderly, which is a patient population that continues to grow. Recently the spectrum and clinical picture of pneumonia has been changing as a reflection of this aging population; this requires a reassessment of and a new approach to the patient with pneumonia. Currently,

Michael S. Nieclerman

1998-01-01

368

Using the Arts To Acquire and Enhance Management Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws analogies between strategic management and experiences found in dramatic literature and symphony conducting. Provides examples of using the arts to support management learning. (Contains 50 references.) (SK)

Mockler, Robert J.

2002-01-01

369

National Photonics Skill Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document marks an important milestone in the development and maintenance of high-quality associate degree programs in photonics in U.S. community and technical colleges. The need for photonics education is critical. The problem cannot be remedied through on-the-job training. Our public educational institutions, particularly two-year colleges, must get involved. But most cannot do so without guidelines for determining what knowledge and skills photonics graduates will need in the coming years.

2008-11-17

370

Teaching social skills: evaluation of an "independence week".  

PubMed

This study evaluated the achievements of a training course in social skills for physically disabled young people reaching school-leaving age. The course enabled the students to acquire skills in personal care and mobility, but not all the gains were sustained on return home. That basic skills can be acquired as a result of such a short intervention shows that more attention should be paid to them in school. PMID:6236910

Macredie, T; Bradshaw, J

1984-01-01

371

Culinary Skills and Their Importance to Practicing Dietitians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge of food plays an important role in all areas of dietetics. The American Dietetic Association recently updated standards of practice to require that entry level dietitians have basic knowledge of culinary skills. However, there is limited researcn on the culinary or food skills needed by dietitians. This purpose of this research was to determine the basic culinary skills important

J. Long; B. Barrett

1999-01-01

372

Qualifications Mismatch and Skills Mismatch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to estimate the extent of "over-qualification" (i.e. holding a qualification which is above that required to gain entry to the job being done) and "skills under-utilisation" (i.e. being in a job which does not make use of the knowledge and skills possessed) in the United Kingdom and to examine whether these…

Sutherland, John

2012-01-01

373

Competency Knowledge Sub Domain Fundamental Knowledge and Clinical Reasoning  

E-print Network

Competency Knowledge Sub Domain Fundamental Knowledge and Clinical Reasoning Learning Objective 1. Applies core scientific knowledge* acquired and integrated at the molecular, cellular, organ knowledge to solve problems Milestones Year I Year II Year III Year IV Mid End Mid End Mid End Mid End

Leistikow, Bruce N.

374

A comparison study of live instruction versus interactive television for teaching MSW students’ critical thinking skills  

E-print Network

Objective: The acquisition of critical thinking skills over one semester by distant and campus social work students enrolled in a graduate-level policy course were compared. Method: The scores of pretests and posttests of 62 master’s of social work students were analyzed using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test. Results: Both groups significantly increased their critical thinking skills with no significant differences found between the two groups. Conclusion: Distance education using interactive television was found to be equivalent to face-to-face instruction with regard to acquisition of critical thinking skills. The Council on Social Work Education (1992) states that graduates of master’s degree programs should be able to “apply critical thinking skills within professional contexts, including synthesizing and applying appropriate theories and knowledge to practice interventions ” (p. 4). Because critical thinking is an essential skill for social workers to acquire to become effective practitioners, quality social work education means teaching students to think critically and independently. Social workers are often called on to make independent decisions that directly affect their clients ’ lives. If they are unable to

Marie Thielke Huff; Marie Thielke Huff

2000-01-01

375

Acquired methemoglobinemia revisited.  

PubMed

Dentistry has two medications in its pain management armamentarium that may cause the potentially life-threatening disorder methemoglobinemia. The first medications are the topical local anesthetics benzocaine and prilocaine. The second medication is the injectable local anesthetic prilocaine. Acquired methemoglobinemia remains a source of morbidity and mortality in dental and medical patients despite the fact that it is better understood now than it was even a decade ago. It is in the interest of all dental patients that their treating dentists review this disorder. The safety of dental patients mandates professional awareness. PMID:20831930

Trapp, Larry; Will, John

2010-10-01

376

Skills Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The services of the Living Skills Center for the Visually Handicapped, a habilitative service for blind young adults, are described. It is explained that the Center houses its participants in their own apartments in a large complex and has served over 70 young people in 4 years. The evaluation section describes such assessment instruments as an…

Canter, Patricia; And Others

377

Employability Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center will help students understand and develop their own set of personal employability skills, such as communication and teamwork. The activity aims to help students understand the importance of communication and teamwork in a business setting. The lesson should require one class period to complete.

2011-03-03

378

Using the known to chart the unknown: A review of first-language influence on the development of English-as-a-second-language spelling skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, there is a practical demand and necessity for research on how English-as-a-second language (ESL) learners acquire literacy skills, such as spelling. One important issue of this research agenda is how ESL learners apply first-language knowledge to learning to spell in English. Twenty-seven studies were reviewed that investigated the influence of the first language on ESL learners’ development of English

L. Figueredo

2006-01-01

379

[Community-acquired pneumonia].  

PubMed

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most common form of severe infectious disease in developed countries. The mortality is particularly high in elderly patients. For risk stratification simple clinical scores such as the CRB-65 (confusion, respiratory rate, blood pressure, age over 65 years) are recommended. The spectrum of pathogens is characterized by Pneumococcus and Haemophilus influenzae as well as atypical and viral pathogens. Resistance plays a subordinate role in Germany. In addition to the clinical symptoms an X-ray examination is also helpful to confirm the diagnosis and biomarkers can also be useful. Microbiological investigations are not necessary in practice. Particularly in cases of uncharacteristic clinical symptoms and therapy failure there are many differential diagnoses which can be hidden behind the clinical diagnosis of pneumonia. The calculated treatment of CAP should correspond to the current recommendations in national guidelines. The options for prevention by general measures and vaccinations should be applied consistently. PMID:21837506

Dalhoff, K

2011-09-01

380

Skill puzzles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These are short exercises that allow students practice with concepts in Structural Geology, Tectonics, or Geophysics. (Many of them were designed with Eric Horsman.) The basic idea is to give students opportunities for frequent practice with difficult concepts, many of which require spatial visualization skills. These activities nearly always fit on a half-sheet of paper, and include a visual and verbal component. Instructors may use them for formative assessment or as group activities in class.

Titus, Sarah

381

Transfer of Communication Skills to the Workplace during Clinical Rounds: Impact of a Program for Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and PurposeCommunication with patients is a core clinical skill in medicine that can be acquired through communication skills training. Meanwhile, the importance of transfer of communication skills to the workplace has not been sufficiently studied. This study aims to assess the efficacy of a 40-hour training program designed to improve patients' satisfaction and residents' communication skills during their daily

Aurore Liénard; Isabelle Merckaert; Yves Libert; Isabelle Bragard; Nicole Delvaux; Anne-Marie Etienne; Serge Marchal; Julie Meunier; Christine Reynaert; Jean-Louis Slachmuylder; Darius Razavi; Allan Cyna

2010-01-01

382

Targeted Workshops Improve Marketing Knowledge and Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the 201 agricultural producers who attended 2-day targeted workshops learned marketing concepts and changed their attitudes about marketing. Refresher workshops were recommended to help them use the marketing techniques learned. (SK)

Flaskerud, George

1995-01-01

383

Ambidexterity in laparoscopic surgical skills training.  

PubMed

Understanding the way in which specialized medical skills are acquired is critical for developing effective training curricula, as well as effective metrics and methodologies for assessing skill acquisition, proficiency, and retention. Currently, a need exists for novel, objective metrics to support training and assessment of specialized surgical skills, such as those involved in laparoscopy, and to support a deeper understanding of the way in which these skills are acquired and decay during periods of nonuse. Ambidexterity has been identified by expert surgeons as a critical factor in the achievement of laparoscopic psychomotor surgical skill proficiency; however, the current standardized training and assessment protocols do not measure or account for differential performance between the dominant and non-dominant hands. Two experiments compared performance with the left and right hands during training of laparoscopic psychomotor surgical skills using the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) platform, examining the role of ambidexterity in skill acquisition and proficiency. The results of these investigations indicate that degree of ambidexterity in task performance increases with overall task performance improvement and may be related to achievement of task proficiency. Measures that account for degree of task-related ambidexterity may provide useful metrics for assessing laparoscopic surgical skill acquisition, proficiency, and decay. PMID:23400194

Skinner, Anna; Auner, Gregory; Meadors, Margaret; Sebrechts, Marc

2013-01-01

384

BabyExp: Constructing a huge multimodal resource to acquire  

E-print Network

which they learn how to distill the rele- vant pieces of information · BabyExp is a radically new kindBabyExp: Constructing a huge multimodal resource to acquire commonsense knowledge like children do. of Crete, 5 University of Stuttgart 1. The BabyExp project · Current knowledge extraction methods

Reyle, Uwe

385

Learning through Business Games: Acquiring Competences within Virtual Realities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The didactic function of business games is often seen only in the development of sociocommunicative competences and general problem-solving strategies. An equally important aspect of business games lies in the acquirement of technical and problem-oriented knowledge, which is the focus of this article. Moreover, this knowledge dimension is further…

Fortmuller, Richard

2009-01-01

386

Political Studies Library Skills Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This library skills test was designed to assess university students' knowledge of and ability to use sources of information commonly found in a college or university library with a particular emphasis on the literature of political studies. It is divided into three parts: (1) matching and completion questions assessing students' familiarity with…

Patterson, Thomas H.

387

Skills for Innovation and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Innovation holds the key to ongoing improvements in living standards, as well as to solving pressing social challenges. Skilled people play a crucial role in innovation through the new knowledge they generate, how they adopt and develop existing ideas, and through their ability to learn new competencies and adapt to a changing environment. This…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2011

2011-01-01

388

Institute of Education ICT Skills 2012  

E-print Network

Institute of Education ICT Skills 2012 Booster course Thinking of becoming an ICT Teacher? Worried on MMU's Business with ICT Education PGCE course which is highly rated. Free materials are available about your subject knowledge? Then our 5 Day ICT Skills course could be for you Tailored to meet your

389

State Skill Standards: Fashion, Textiles and Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of Fashion, Textiles and Design Education is to prepare students for family and community life and careers in the fashion industry by creating opportunities to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviors needed to: (1) Examine skills needed to effectively manage clothing decisions; (2) Evaluate the use, care and production…

Campbell, Rene Crepaldi; Gaudy, Glenna; Green-Jobe, Victoria; Hatch, Susan; Moen, Julianne; Sheldon, Shannon; Smith, Loree; Chessell, Karen

2008-01-01

390

New engineering: from knowledge to competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the main innovations of Bologna system has been to link learning outcomes, ECTS workload based credits and competences. Competences represent a dynamic combination of knowledge, understanding, skills and abilities. Competences can be distinguished in subject specific and generic ones (instrumental, interpersonal and systemic competences). Actually in Spain Engineering degrees are changing to the new University educational system and should aim to satisfy the real needs of European society. This change has been long and complex, particularly. on the issue that have influenced curricular change Consultation with "actors" and "stakeholders", the definition of academic and professionals profiles and the translation of these into desired learning outcomes. Generic competences or transferable skills are relevant for preparing students well for their future role in society in terms of employability and citizenship. The criteria used by the companies to select their engineers are based in a good background and capacity to adapt and to acquire new knowledge, better than specific education, even postgraduate. It was interesting to note the great importance of generic competences However, Spanish government has regulated conditions of core curriculum need for to guarantee the acquisition of the competences needs to exercise the correspondent professional activities. The new degrees should comply with the core curriculum if the graduates want maintain the legal attributions guaranteed actually by the Spanish Professional Associations. After these degrees, students can access to professional master with actually horizontal attributions of regulated professions.

Cartagena, M. C.; Tarquis, A. M.; Arce, A.

2009-04-01

391

Executive Perceptions of the Top 10 Soft Skills Needed in Today's Workplace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hard skills are the technical expertise and knowledge needed for a job. Soft skills are interpersonal qualities, also known as people skills, and personal attributes that one possesses. Business executives consider soft skills a very important attribute in job applicants. Employers want new employees to have strong soft skills, as well as hard…

Robles, Marcel M.

2012-01-01

392

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Machining Skills Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document of skill standards for the machining skills cluster serves as a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. These 67 occupational skill standards describe what people should know and be able to do in an…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

393

Skill Standards for Wireless Telecommunications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developing and implementing strong educational programs are essential steps to take toward affirmatively responding to the shortage of qualified workers for the wireless industry. Community and technical colleges have an enviable opportunity to respond quickly and creatively to wireless manpower supply gaps and manpower shortages. Key to this effort, however, is the necessity to identify core skills and knowledge bases for technicians and engineers. Merely training individuals is not a sufficient response to the need for skilled workers. Achieving consistently high levels of quality both in product and in productivity is an imperative in all sectors of the wireless industry. This realization in turn underscores the need for industry-driven standards for the skill development of workers. For Seattle Central Community College, North Seattle Community College, Bellevue Community College and their industry and labor partners, identifying generic skills and requisite and unique wireless skills and abilities through the skill standards process is tantamount to the task of developing educational programs that prepare individuals for the wireless workplace. The wireless skill standards have been developed at a critical timesignificant changes in local and global wireless technology require clearly articulated standards for both product and employee performance. The outcome of this process is critical to the ability of companies to hire and retain excellent RF talent in a highly competitive market. Both industry and labor recognize the importance of clearly articulated universal skills as a basis for the preparation of qualified and competent workers for the industry, and they will be the ultimate beneficiaries of the results of the wireless skill standards project. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

2010-01-04

394

Learning Oral Presentation Skills  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Oral presentation skills are central to physician-physician communication; however, little is known about how these skills are learned. Rhetoric is a social science which studies communication in terms of context and explores the action of language on knowledge, attitudes, and values. It has not previously been applied to medical discourse. We used rhetorical principles to qualitatively study how students learn oral presentation skills and what professional values are communicated in this process. DESIGN Descriptive study. SETTING Inpatient general medicine service in a university-affiliated public hospital. PARTICIPANTS Twelve third-year medical students during their internal medicine clerkship and 14 teachers. MEASUREMENTS One-hundred sixty hours of ethnographic observation. including 73 oral presentations on rounds. Discoursed-based interviews of 8 students and 10 teachers. Data were qualitatively analyzed to uncover recurrent patterns of communication. MAIN RESULTS Students and teachers had different perceptions of the purpose of oral presentation, and this was reflected in performance. Students described and conducted the presentation as a rule-based, data-storage activity governed by “order” and “structure.” Teachers approached the presentation as a flexible means of “communication” and a method for “constructing” the details of a case into a diagnostic or therapeutic plan. Although most teachers viewed oral presentations rhetorically (sensitive to context), most feedback that students received was implicit and acontextual, with little guidance provided for determining relevant content. This led to dysfunctional generalizations by students, sometimes resulting in worse communication skills (e.g., comment “be brief” resulted in reading faster rather than editing) and unintended value acquisition (e.g., request for less social history interpreted as social history never relevant). CONCLUSIONS Students learn oral presentation by trial and error rather than through teaching of an explicit rhetorical model. This may delay development of effective communication skills and result in acquisition of unintended professional values. Teaching and learning of oral presentation skills may be improved by emphasizing that context determines content and by making explicit the tacit rules of presentation. PMID:11359549

Haber, Richard J; Lingard, Lorelei A

2001-01-01

395

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Test Your Knowledge  

MedlinePLUS

... Button CDC Features Autism Spectrum Disorders: Test Your Knowledge Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir April is ... website at www.cdc.gov/ActEarly . Test Your Knowledge Skills such as taking a first step, smiling ...

396

Acquiring expertise. Technical report 1 October 80-30 September 83  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the roles played by knowledge and automatized skill in expert performance. Special attention is given to the importance of initial problem representations in expertise and to capacity limitations that make using such initial representations difficult at intermediate levels of skill. The role of strategy in skilled performance is discussed in light of the especial importance of domain specific knowledge to expertise. Suggestions are made for development of a theory of coaching based upon emerging cognitive psychological principles of expertise.

Lesgold, A.M.

1983-01-31

397

Acquiring and Organizing Curriculum Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses two areas of need in a curriculum materials center--where to find curriculum materials for acquisition and how to organize these materials for efficient and effective access once they are acquired. The book is arranged in two parts: "Acquiring and Organizing the Collection" and "Resources." The book brings together many…

Lare, Gary A.

398

HLA Profile in Acquired Hemophilia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The DR16 and DQB0502 alleles were more frequent in acquired hemophilia A than in the normal population. Although not statistically significant, the HLA profile in acquired hemophilia A gains importance because of its antipodal expression compared to inhibitors in inherited hemophilia A.

J. Oldenburg; A. Pavlova; J. Schröder; H. Brackmann; W. Effenberger; R. Zimmermann; A. Huth-Kühne; I. Scharrer; R. Grossmann; E. Seifried; C. Seidl

399

Integrating Slull and Knowledge in Expert Agents  

E-print Network

time as two componenls of expertise. klenceforth, skills m his chapter refer to motor skills. For us of skills with knowledge We 1~111~llus~rateour concepts by discussing a few implemented agents 111hadware~errep- rrsentalions are ernbodimcnts o l their hardware and how ihry art: used in in- teraction wlth other agenls. We

Shapiro, Stuart C.

400

Psychology students’ self-assessment of their professional skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate how reliably psychology students assessed their professional skills and knowledge. Participants consisted of 117 students and were from three groups, namely: beginners, intermediate and advanced. They were asked to evaluate their skills in different areas of psychology using a questionnaire. Their skills in describing psychologists’ practice in two cases were also evaluated.

Tiuraniemi Juhani; Hatakka Mika; Keskinen Esko

2008-01-01

401

Entry Level Skills Program Implementation Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A guide to the implementation of the Entry Level Skills Program (ELSP) and a conceptual framework for evaluation research is presented. Attention is directed to strategies for the attainment of goals and management of the ELSP project, which is a developmental program for freshmen students who have not acquired the full range or level of cognitive…

Institute for Services to Education, Inc., Washington, DC.

402

Basic Skills: The Sine Qua Non.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic skills deficiencies are intense, and widespread. They contribute to social problems such as poverty, unemployment, dependency, illegitimacy, and crime. Unless people acquire the basic competencies required for success, these problems will continue to increase. Educational attainment must be encouraged nationwide. (VM)

Taggart, Robert; And Others

1987-01-01

403

How Do Homework Guides Help Students Acquire Procedural Knowledge?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of using homework guides, and homework logs on students' abilities to solve word problems involving basic addition and subtraction facts were studied. Students received one of three versions of addition and subtraction timed tests once per week--every Thursday--that focused on measuring automaticity of basic addition and subtraction…

Hartlep, Nicholas D.

2008-01-01

404

Dialogue for Web Search Utilizing Automatically Acquired Domain Knowledge  

E-print Network

of Computer Science, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom udo@essex, the problem even arises for smaller domains. Our sample domain, the University of Essex Web site, comprises to the user. The dialogue must not dictate the next steps. For example, a user searching the Essex University

Kruschwitz, Udo

405

The Defense Technical Information Center: Acquiring Information and Imparting Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) discusses how DTIC fits into the Department of Defense Scientific and Technical Information Program; its history, organization, users, and operations; types of information handled; subject classification; cataloging standards; Information Analysis Centers (IACs); and research and…

Molholm, Kurt N.; And Others

1988-01-01

406

AUTOMATICALLY ACQUIRED DOMAIN KNOWLEDGE FOR AD HOC SEARCH: EVALUATION RESULTS  

E-print Network

_patients cancer_research_fund skin_cancers cancer Figure 1: Partial domain model However, typically a domain model such as WordNet [4]. medical_notes ...cancer_research cancer_treatment cancer_research_campaign ... cancer

Kruschwitz, Udo

407

Acquired plate-like osteoma cutis.  

PubMed

Plate-like osteoma cutis is a rare disorder that has been historically classified as a congenital syndrome. It has a possible relationship to a mutation in the gene (GNAS1) that encodes the ?-subunit of the stimulatory G protein, which regulates adenyl cyclase activity. We report a case of extensive plaque-like masses on the scalp and face with no abnormalities in calcium or phosphate metabolism and no preceding inflammatory cutaneous conditions. With less than ten reported cases, to our knowledge, this is one the few cases of acquired plate-like osteoma cutis described in the literature. PMID:22031627

Vashi, Neelam; Chu, Julie; Patel, Rishi

2011-01-01

408

DSM skills are marketing skills  

SciTech Connect

Skeptics may view DSM as a convenient cover for using ratepayer funds (in the form of rebates and other financial inducements) to keep customers on the grid, thus providing electric utilities with an unfair competitive advantage. Actually, the most powerful advantages may result from the marketing skills DSM fosters. Put simply, DSM teaches utilities to understand and meet customer needs more effectively. Managing customers use of electricity has taught utilities unprecedented amounts about specific end-use technologies, about customers fuel and equipment selection practices and preferences, and about what it costs to serve their customers. As DSM programs have become more market-driven, utilities have become better communicators and salesmen in order to win customer participation. The result: DSM departments play an increasingly central role in managing customer relationships overall and in developing and implementing competitive strategies.

Stone, C. (Easton Consultants, Inc., Stamford, CT (United States))

1993-10-01

409

Teaching Communication Skills in Science: Tracing Teacher Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a general model for skills instruction and its implementation through the program "Scientific Communication" for acquiring learning skills. The model is characterized by modularity, explicit instruction, spiral integration into contents, practice in various contexts, and implementation in performance tasks. It requires…

Spektor-Levy, Ornit; Eylon, Bat-Sheva; Scherz, Zahava

2008-01-01

410

Acquiring Collocations for Lexical Choice between NearSynonyms Diana Zaiu Inkpen and Graeme Hirst  

E-print Network

word choices for the sentence. I­Saurus does not include such knowledge. The focus of the work weAcquiring Collocations for Lexical Choice between Near­Synonyms Diana Zaiu Inkpen and Graeme Hirst of knowledge is useful in the process of lexical choice between near­synonyms. We acquire collocations

Inkpen, Diana

411

Using video modeling to teach a domestic skill with an embedded social skill to adults with severe mental retardation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed whether three adults with severe mental retardation would acquire a domestic skill (making coffee) with an embedded social skill (serving coffee to and sitting down beside a peer) via video modeling procedures. Training was conducted in a classroom in the participants' day treatment setting. The intervention consisted of (i) watching a video of an adult with a developmental

Melissa A. Bidwell; Ruth Anne Rehfeldt

2004-01-01

412

Interactive Graphics for Teaching Complex Design Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engineering design is a complex cognitive skill differing from possession of knowledge in tactical use of knowledge to achieve goals under constraints. An operational definition of a design must satisfy a set of constraints and objectives. Several published theories about the design process in terms of the criteria developed leads to the…

Beazley, William G.; Allan, John J., III

413

A Master Key to Workforce Skills Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canadian society is undergoing a significant transformation, largely in response to the forces of globalization and the development of the knowledge/information economy. The key to the economic and social well being of Canada's diverse communities lies in the knowledge-and-skills base of its citizens. Canada must design policies and programs which…

Association of Canadian Community Colleges, 2006

2006-01-01

414

Acute cognitive and neurobehavioural intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury: preliminary outcome data.  

PubMed

The present study provides a rationale for and detailed description of a structured curriculum for a cognitive and neurobehavioural group intervention for patients in an acute inpatient brain injury rehabilitation setting. Preliminary outcome data are provided for 29 patients with acquired brain injuries who attended the group during inpatient rehabilitation. The group was held during three 30-minute sessions per week. Prior to discharge, patients completed a Learning Assessment, which assessed their level of knowledge about the material covered during the course. Patients received a mean score of 85.54 on the Learning Assessment. High scores on the Learning Assessment correlated significantly with discharge Disability Rating Scale total and Social Interaction FIM scores. Age, level of education, race, sex, and length of stay did not significantly impact these results. Results suggest that patients with acquired brain injuries benefit from acute cognitive and neurobehavioural intervention and are capable of learning compensatory strategies, even in the acute stages of recovery. This learning may help improve functional status, especially skills needed for psychosocial adjustment. PMID:16353506

Niemeier, Janet P; Kreutzer, Jeffrey S; Taylor, Laura A

2005-05-01

415

Hospital-acquired pneumonia (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Pneumonia acquired in the hospital is a very serious infection because the patient's defense mechanisms are often impaired by illness, and the infecting organisms are more dangerous than the ones generally encountered in the community.

416

Knowledge Management and Global Information Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper looked at knowledge management and global information dissemination. Knowledge is a very powerful tool for survival, growth and development. It can be seen as the information, understanding and skills that you gain through education or experience. The paper was addressed under the following sub-headings: Knowledge management knowledge

Umunadi, Ejiwoke Kennedy

2014-01-01

417

The Development of Students' Probllem-Solving Skill from Instruction Emphasizing Qualitative Problem-Solving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Success in introductory college physics requires students to acquire not only the content knowledge of physics, but also the skills to solve problems using this knowledge. At the University of Minnesota, attempts are being made to teach problem solving successfully. One such attempt has an instructor explicitly teaching a strategy that emphasizes the qualitative analysis of a problem before the manipulation of equations. This class provides a unique case for examining the development of problem-solving skills. This interpretive case study will examine the development of the problem solving ability of students in two college introductory physics courses where cooperative-group problem solving was used. In one class there was an explicit problem-solving strategy used. In the other class, no additional attempt was made to teach problem solving. In general, the students in the course who were taught an explicit problem-solving strategy tended to develop their skills faster, but did not score any higher than the students in the more traditionally taught course by the end of the year. However, the students in the explicit problem-solving course consistently performed better on the multiple choice concept tests given during the year.

Foster, Thomas

2011-03-03

418

The Development of Students' Problem-Solving Skill from Instruction Emphasizing Qualitative Problem-Solving  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Success in introductory college physics requires students to acquire not only the content knowledge of physics, but also the skills to solve problems using this knowledge. At the University of Minnesota, attempts are being made to teach problem solving successfully. One such attempt has an instructor explicitly teaching a strategy that emphasizes the qualitative analysis of a problem before the manipulation of equations. This class provides a unique case for examining the development of problem-solving skills. This interpretive case study will examine the development of the problem solving ability of students in two college introductory physics courses where cooperative-group problem solving was used. In one class there was an explicit problem-solving strategy used. In the other class, no additional attempt was made to teach problem solving. In general, the students in the course who were taught an explicit problem-solving strategy tended to develop their skills faster, but did not score any higher than the students in the more traditionally taught course by the end of the year. However, the students in the explicit problem-solving course consistently performed better on the multiple choice concept tests given during the year.

Foster, Thomas M.

2007-01-01

419

Feasibility and Acceptability of a Structured Curriculum in Teaching Procedural and Basic Diagnostic Ultrasound Skills to Internal Medicine Residents  

PubMed Central

Background Point-of-care ultrasound has emerged as a powerful diagnostic tool and is also being increasingly used by clinicians to guide procedures. Many current and future internists desire training, yet no formal, multiple-application, program-wide teaching interventions have been described. Intervention We describe a structured 30-hour ultrasound training course in diagnostic and procedural ultrasound implemented during intern orientation. Internal medicine interns learned basic ultrasound physics and machine skills; focused cardiac, great vessel, pulmonary, and abdominal ultrasound diagnostic examinations; and procedural applications. Results In postcourse testing, learners demonstrated the ability to acquire images, had significantly increased knowledge scores (P?skills would be valuable during residency and in their careers. Conclusions A structured ultrasound course can increase knowledge and can result in learners who have skills in image acquisition, interpretation, and integration in management. Future work will focus on refining and improving these skills to allow these learners to be entrusted with the use of ultrasound independently for patient care decisions. PMID:24404316

Schnobrich, Daniel J.; Olson, Andrew P. J.; Broccard, Alain; Duran-Nelson, Alisa

2013-01-01

420

An Approximation of an Instructional Model for Developing Home Living Skills in Severely Handicapped Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses the need for severely handicapped students to acquire basic home living skills, reviews task analysis principles, and provides sample instructional programs. Listed are basic grooming, dressing, domestic maintenance, and cooking skills. A sample task analysis procedure is demonstrated for the skill of brushing teeth. Reported…

Hamre, S.

421

Business Communication Skills in Information Systems (IS) Curricula: Perspectives of IS Educators and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the importance of communication skills for students, regardless of their disciplines, becomes evident, it is important to determine whether colleges provide students with adequate opportunities to acquire such skills. The authors compared information systems (IS) educator and student perceptions of communication skills in IS curricula. Gender,…

Alshare, Khaled A.; Lane, Peggy L.; Miller, Donald

2011-01-01

422

Early phonological awareness and reading skills in children with Down syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, children with Down syndrome receive literacy instruction with the expectation of acquiring functional reading skills. Unfortunately, little is known about the processes underlying literacy skills in this special population. Phonological awareness contributes to literacy development in typically developing children, however, there is inconclusive evidence about these skills in younger children with Down syndrome. 9 children with Down syndrome (5;6

Esther J. Kennedy; Mark C. Flynn

2003-01-01

423

LEADERSHIP, ACTION, SKILLS, PREVENTION, LEADERSHIP,  

E-print Network

TRAINING GUIDE LEADERSHIP, ACTION, SKILLS, PREVENTION, LEADERSHIP, ACTION, SKILLS, PREVENTION, LEADERSHIP, ACTION, SKILLS, PREVENTION, LEADERSHIP, ACTION, SKILLS, PREVENTION, LEADERSHIP, ACTION, SKILLS, PREVENTION, LEADERSHIP, DAIRY SAFETY WORKER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAM

Leistikow, Bruce N.

424

Acquiring New Musical Grammars: a Statistical Learning Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study we examine the ability of humans to acquire knowledge via passive exposure to a new musical system. We designed two new musical grammars based on a non-Western tuning system, and created melodies as legal exemplars of each grammar. In two experiments each participant was exposed to a set of melodies from one grammar. Several tests were

Psyche Loui

425

Should potential sources of hospital-acquired infections be monitored?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Microbiological monitoring of potential sources of hospital-acquired infections requires a knowledge of the risk of infection connected with each item that may be monitored. While there are large numbers of potential sources for infection present in a hospital, it seems — in the light of past experience — impossible to devise a program that would serve to pinpoint all

A. von Graevenitz; E. Pantelick

1975-01-01

426

The Outcomes of a Social Skills Teaching Program for Inclusive Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the effectiveness of a Social Skills Teaching Program (SSTP) prepared for inclusive classroom teachers was investigated. The SSTP gauged (1) teachers' expectations related to social skills of students with special needs, (2) their knowledge levels related to teaching social skills, and (3) their use of social skills teaching…

Sazak Pinar, Elif; Sucuoglu, Bülbin

2013-01-01

427

Translation of Etiology into Evidence-Based Prevention: The Life Skills Program IPSY  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IPSY (Information + Psychosocial Competence = Protection) is a universal life skills program aiming at the promotion of generic intra-and interpersonal life skills, substance specific skills (for example, resistance skills), school bonding, knowledge, and the prevention of substance misuse with a focus on alcohol and tobacco in youth. This program…

Weichold, Karina

2014-01-01

428

Skills, Management of Skills, and IT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) skill shortages appear at the market level occasionally—usually for emerging technologies, unanticipated challenges, and\\/or unresolved issues such as systems security. Even when a market- level skill shortage does not exist, a firm can still suffer from skill shortages for its critical information system (IS) project and\\/or IT operations unless the firm plans and manages its needs for

Makoto Nakayama; Norma Sutcliffe

429

[Knowledge management and healthcare organizations].  

PubMed

The present scenario is characterized by a high "environmental turbulence". Healthcare professionals and organizations must increase their knowledge, skills and attitudes for choosing wisely. Healthcare organizations are complex adaptive systems which should use integrated governance systems: knowledge management should be a strategic goal. These organizations should become learning organizations: they should build and renovate their knowledge in a systematic, explicit and definite way. PMID:24326705

Favaretti, Carlo

2013-10-01

430

Phylogenetically Acquired Representations and Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms  

E-print Network

information by introducing inheritance of acquired traits and Horizontal Gene Transfer, a good tool for handlePhylogenetically Acquired Representations and Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms Adrianna Wozniak to avoid the Symbol Grounding Problem. We give a definition of Phylogenetically Acquired Representations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

Are nurses expected to have information technology skills?  

PubMed

This article discusses the knowledge management skills required by nurses in the context of the government's information strategy for England and Wales, which highlights the importance of managing data in providing efficient health care. It also reports on a study that looked at whether employers' job descriptions and person specifications include the need for basic information and communication technology skills outlined in the NHS knowledge and skills framework (Agenda for Change Project Team 2004), and the degree to which these skills are regarded as important to good nursing care. PMID:23980791

Dowding, Dawn

2013-09-01

432

Myopathy in acquired partial lipodystrophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe two women with acquired partial lipodystrophy, one with significant myopathic symptoms and signs. Muscle biopsy of deltoid and quadriceps was performed in each case. The light microscopy findings were of type 1 and type 2 fibre hypertrophy, with an increase in intracytoplasmic fat in both cases. Electron microscopy showed normal fibres, with accumulations of electron-lucent fat droplets between

Richard W. Orrell; Richard C. Peatfield; Carole E. Collins; David F. Woodrow; Jill Moss

1995-01-01

433

Acquired Equivalence Changes Stimulus Representations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acquired equivalence is a paradigm in which generalization is increased between two superficially dissimilar stimuli (or antecedents) that have previously been associated with similar outcomes (or consequents). Several possible mechanisms have been proposed, including changes in stimulus representations, either in the form of added associations or…

Meeter, M.; Shohamy, D.; Myers, C. E.

2009-01-01

434

Tracing Error-Related Knowledge in Interview Data: Negative Knowledge in Elder Care Nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically investigates elder care nurses' negative knowledge. This form of experiential knowledge is defined as the outcome of error-related learning processes, focused on how something is not, on what not to do in certain situations or on deficits in one's knowledge or skills. Besides this definition, we presume the existence of other forms of negative knowledge that relate

Martin Gartmeier; Hans Gruber; Helmut Heid

2010-01-01

435

Comparing new BSN RN self skills assessment to actual skills demonstration.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to compare the self-skills assessment with the skill competence during an actual skills demonstration of newly hired bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) registered nurse graduates. This retrospective study included 32 randomly selected BSN registered nurse graduates from January 2010 to December 31, 2010. The participants were already hired into a midwest health system. Because this was a retrospective study, no demographic data were collected, and no consent from participants was needed. This study included a clinical skills check list where the participants rated themselves on specific skills utilizing a Likert scale ranging from 1 (no knowledge) to 4 (able to perform independently). The same clinical check list was utilized by an expert registered nurse when the skill was demonstrated. This study compared the difference between the subject's self-rating of skills and the clinical demonstration of the skills. We used t tests in the analysis to demonstrate the differences between the participant's self-rating of skills and the expert evaluation of the clinical demonstration of the skills. The data were inserted into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 19 software program to assist in the analysis process. The study demonstrated 17 significant differences in the skills ratings between the participant and competency demonstration of new BSN graduates. These significant results (2 tailed) ranged from .000 to .048.The 17 out of 46 specific skills where differences were noted included the following: staple removal, nasal pharyngeal suctioning, urinary catheter specimen collection, site care dressing change, urinary catheter irrigation, Juzo application and measurement, 5-lead telemetry, oral airway insertion, hemovac/Jackson Pratt, oral pharyngeal suctioning, urinary catheter insertion, dry suction chest drainage, bed to cart/slider board, urinary catheter removal, antiembolism stockings, measurement and application, removal of iv and sit-and-stand alarm. Overall, the participants rated their skill levels lower in 15 out of 17 significant skills when compared with their competency assessment (t test: -3.284, df = 31, P = .003). In two skill ratings (urinary catheter specimen collection and oral pharyngeal suction), the participants rated themselves higher than the competency demonstration. Two skills that had a mean participant and expert score between 1 (no knowledge) and 2 (able to perform with 1-to-1 coaching) were oral airway insertion and dry suction chest drainage. Some possible reasons why the participants rated themselves lower could be the use of different or unfamiliar terms or uncertainty of the procedure at a different health institution. Some newly graduated BSN nurses may have not performed the skills on a regular basis or only in simulation. PMID:24720948

Adair, Jean; Hughes, Lin; Davis, Sue; Wolcott-Breci, Mary

2014-01-01

436

Parents' reading-related knowledge and children's reading acquisition.  

PubMed

Teacher reading-related knowledge (phonological awareness and phonics knowledge) predicts student reading, however little is known about the reading-related knowledge of parents. Participants comprised 70 dyads (children from kindergarten and grade 1 and their parents). Parents were administered a questionnaire tapping into reading-related knowledge, print exposure, storybook reading, and general cultural knowledge. Children were tested on measures of letter-word knowledge, sound awareness, receptive vocabulary, oral expression, and mathematical skill. Parent reading-related knowledge showed significant positive links with child letter-word knowledge and sound awareness, but showed no correlations with child measures of mathematical skill or vocabulary. Furthermore, parent reading-related knowledge was not associated with parents' own print exposure or cultural knowledge, indicating that knowledge about English word structure may be separate from other cognitive skills. Implications are discussed in terms of improving parent reading-related knowledge to promote child literacy. PMID:21678121

Ladd, Megan; Martin-Chang, Sandra; Levesque, Kyle

2011-12-01

437

Contributions of Emergent Literacy Skills to Name Writing, Letter Writing, and Spelling in Preschool Children  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to examine which emergent literacy skills contribute to preschool children’s emergent writing (name-writing, letter-writing, and spelling) skills. Emergent reading and writing tasks were administered to 296 preschool children aged 4–5 years. Print knowledge and letter-writing skills made positive contributions to name writing; whereas alphabet knowledge, print knowledge, and name writing made positive contributions to letter writing. Both name-writing and letter-writing skills made significant contributions to the prediction of spelling after controlling for age, parental education, print knowledge, phonological awareness, and letter-name and letter-sound knowledge; however, only letter-writing abilities made a significant unique contribution to the prediction of spelling when both letter-writing and name-writing skills were considered together. Name writing reflects knowledge of some letters rather than a broader knowledge of letters that may be needed to support early spelling. Children’s letter-writing skills may be a better indicator of children’s emergent literacy and developing spelling skills than are their name-writing skills at the end of the preschool year. Spelling is a developmentally complex skill beginning in preschool and includes letter writing and blending skills, print knowledge, and letter-name and letter-sound knowledge. PMID:21927537

Puranik, Cynthia S.; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Kim, Young-Suk

2011-01-01

438

Manufacturing Engineering Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Manufacturing Engineering Skills provides an assessment of what the key manufacturing skills along with skill gaps are in the marketplace. Joe Loughrey is president and chief operating officer of Cummins Inc. and chairman of The Manufacturing Institute, the research and education arm of the National Association of Manufacturers. Additionally, Manufacturing Engineering Skills was shared by Mike Mohlar and by Roger Lang at an SME mfg executive roundtable in 2005 to provide clarity and encouragement about careers in manufacturing.

Loughrey, Joe

2009-08-03

439

Social Skills Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The term “social skills” encompasses an array of learned behaviors that share the common goal of maintaining or increasing\\u000a reinforcement within a social context. Deficits in social skills can occur at any developmental period and are not likely\\u000a to improve spontaneously because impaired social skills impede interactions with other people. In turn, unsatisfying or disruptive\\u000a interactions exacerbate social skill deficits

Ashley J. Smith; Judith A. Jordan; Mary Fran Flood; David J. Hansen

440

Mechanism of school organizational knowledge development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational knowledge is vital to the realization of goals of organizations. Effective use of this knowledge depends on the selective use of organizational memory. The term organizational memory is concerned with how organizations collect, store, and provide access to experience, skills and know-how. Schools are special organizations in the sense that they promote learning. Its organizational knowledge decides its competitive

Yueliang Zhou; Xiuqin Lin

2005-01-01

441

The inhibition of acquired fear  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conditioned stimulus (CS) associated with a fearsome unconditioned stimulus (US) generates learned fear. Acquired fear is\\u000a at the root of a variety of disorders, among which are phobias, generalized anxiety, and the posttraumatic stress disorder\\u000a (PTSD). The simplest way to inhibit learned fear is to extinguish it, which is usually done by repeatedly presenting the CS\\u000a alone, so that

Iván Izquierdo; Martín Cammarota; Mónica R. M. Vianna; Lía R. M. Bevilaqua

2004-01-01

442

Engelhard acquires German catalyst maker  

SciTech Connect

Engelhard will acquire the precious- and base-metal catalyst businesses of Doduco GmbH & Co. (Pforzheim, Germany), a privately held supplier of catalysts to the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. {open_quotes}This is an excellent product expansion for us, one that we believe can be leveraged throughout Europe and, later, globally,{close_quotes} says James A. Martin, group v.p., president, and general manager of Engelhard`s chemical catalysts group.

NONE

1996-10-16

443

Hereditary and acquired amyloid neuropathies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Amyloid neuropathies occur in a context of hereditary (FAP) or acquired amyloidosis. They present usually as severe and progressive\\u000a polyneuropathy and carry a poor prognosis. Most FAP are associated with endoneurial deposits of variant transthyretin (TTR)\\u000a with substitution of one aminoacid and are secondary to a point mutation of the TTR gene. Portugal is the main endemic area\\u000a of TTR-FAP,

David Adams

2001-01-01

444

Evaluating Physical Assessment Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes methods used in the nursing curriculum at the University of Iowa College of Nursing to evaluate inclusion of physical assessment skills and to test students' use of cognitive, perceptual, and psychomotor assessment skills in nursing diagnosis. Includes an example of motor and perceptual skill objectives for examining thorax and lungs.…

And Others; Reese, Jean L.

1979-01-01

445

Enhancing Employee Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four symposium papers on enhancing employee skills. "The Effect of Study Skills Training Intervention on United States Air Force Aeromedical Apprentices" (John C. Griffith) demonstrates how study skills intervention resulted in a significant increase in the end-of-course scores of a sample of 90 randomly selected Air Force…

1999

446

Life Skills Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Bates, the Inmate Programs Manager of the Hillsborough County Sheriff's Office in Tampa, Florida, describes her office's Life Skills Project, a comprehensive program that has significantly enhanced three existing programs by adding extensive life skills components. The added life skills modules reinforce the importance of…

Bates, Jan P.

2005-01-01

447

The effects of behavioral skills training on instructor and learner behavior across responses and skill sets.  

PubMed

Behavioral skills training (BST) is effective to train staff to provide intervention to people with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to assess whether: (a) prior studies demonstrating the effectiveness of BST could be systematically replicated while teaching multiple teaching instructors to implement discrete trial teaching, incidental teaching and activity schedules; (b) instructional skills that staff acquired during training on one response generalized to a variety of instructional programs, (c) positive changes in staff performance produced positive behavior change in learners; and (d) positive changes in learner behavior generalized to novel programs. BST resulted in positive behavior change across staff, learners, instructional programs, and various teaching skills. Further, staff generalized teaching skills to novel responses and learners displayed increases in correct responding for all three instructional procedures. Social validity data indicated they these staff training procedures were highly acceptable and effective. Thus, BST is an effective and acceptable staff training procedure. PMID:24374896

Fetherston, Anne M; Sturmey, Peter

2014-02-01

448

On the Role of Partners in a Multi-Disciplinary Business Network: A Knowledge Management Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating a successful offering in a knowledge-intensive industry often requires access to knowledge that complements the core technological knowledge of a firm. However, this complementary knowledge is often tacit and hence costly to acquire. In this paper, we investigate how a firm can acquire the necessary complementary knowledge by leveraging partners in its business network. Based on a multiple case

Jesse Karjalainen; Aku Valtakoski

2010-01-01

449

Communication skills to ensure patient satisfaction.  

PubMed

Every pediatrician would want to satisfy their patients and their parents to sustain good practice, earn name and fame and simultaneously to avoid litigation in this era of consumer protection act. This can be achieved only by use of good communication skills. Today the patients demand time, information and want their questions to be answered. They expect politeness, empathy and human touch from doctors. Time constraints, arrogance, telephone calls, language barriers and cultural insensitivity are the important barriers to good communication. Research has shown that doctor, who undergoes training to acquire good communication skills, can better satisfy his patients. Good communication skill is an art which can be acquired or improved by putting conscious efforts in day to day practice. Such skills should also be incorporated as part of medical teaching curriculum. Asking open ended questions, effective listening, appropriate praise, providing enough information as part of advice and finally checking their understanding, are the key areas of communication during medical interview. During this process pediatrician should ensure to address the parental concerns, should empathize with parents and involve parents in decision making. This will not only ensure satisfaction of parents but also their adherence to the therapy and to the pediatrician. PMID:23378053

Shendurnikar, Niranjan; Thakkar, Pareshkumar A

2013-11-01

450

Teaching and assessing procedural skills: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Graduating Internal Medicine residents must possess sufficient skills to perform a variety of medical procedures. Little is known about resident experiences of acquiring procedural skills proficiency, of practicing these techniques, or of being assessed on their proficiency. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively investigate resident 1) experiences of the acquisition of procedural skills and 2) perceptions of procedural skills assessment methods available to them. Methods Focus groups were conducted in the weeks following an assessment of procedural skills incorporated into an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Using fundamental qualitative description, emergent themes were identified and analyzed. Results Residents perceived procedural skills assessment on the OSCE as a useful formative tool for direct observation and immediate feedback. This positive reaction was regularly expressed in conjunction with a frustration with available assessment systems. Participants reported that proficiency was acquired through resident directed learning with no formal mechanism to ensure acquisition or maintenance of skills. Conclusions The acquisition and assessment of procedural skills in Internal Medicine programs should move toward a more structured system of teaching, deliberate practice and objective assessment. We propose that directed, self-guided learning might meet these needs. PMID:23672617

2013-01-01

451

Gene Expression Changes in the Motor Cortex Mediating Motor Skill Learning  

PubMed Central

The primary motor cortex (M1) supports motor skill learning, yet little is known about the genes that contribute to motor cortical plasticity. Such knowledge could identify candidate molecules whose targeting might enable a new understanding of motor cortical functions, and provide new drug targets for the treatment of diseases which impair motor function, such as ischemic stroke. Here, we assess changes in the motor-cortical transcriptome across different stages of motor skill acquisition. Adult rats were trained on a gradually acquired appetitive reach and grasp task that required different strategies for successful pellet retrieval, or a sham version of the task in which the rats received pellet reward without needing to develop the reach and grasp skill. Tissue was harvested from the forelimb motor-cortical area either before training commenced, prior to the initial rise in task performance, or at peak performance. Differential classes of gene expression were observed at the time point immediately preceding motor task improvement. Functional clustering revealed that gene expression changes were related to the synapse, development, intracellular signaling, and the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family, with many modulated genes known to regulate synaptic plasticity, synaptogenesis, and cytoskeletal dynamics. The modulated expression of synaptic genes likely reflects ongoing network reorganization from commencement of training till the point of task improvement, suggesting that motor performance improves only after sufficient modifications in the cortical circuitry have accumulated. The regulated FGF-related genes may together contribute to M1 remodeling through their roles in synaptic growth and maturation. PMID:23637843

Cheung, Vincent C. K.; DeBoer, Caroline; Hanson, Elizabeth; Tunesi, Marta; D'Onofrio, Mara; Arisi, Ivan; Brandi, Rossella; Cattaneo, Antonino; Goosens, Ki A.

2013-01-01

452

Hairy Pinnae after Orchiectomy and Chemotherapy for Testicular Cancer: Acquired Localized Hypertrichosis of the Ears  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acquired localized hypertrichosis has rarely been reported. Here, we describe a patient with localized hypertrichosis of the pinnae that occurred 4 months after orchiectomy and chemotherapy for a testicular carcinoma. To our knowledge, this is the first case of an acquired hypertrichosis of the pinnae after cancer therapy. We propose that in our patient either hypogonadism or the hormonal imbalance

C. F. E. Sänger; N. Dietrich; N. Pelivani; L. Borradori; P. A. de Viragh

2011-01-01

453

UNF graduates of the B.A.E program in Art Education will demonstrate mastery of content knowledge and teaching skills through proficiency on course embedded assessments, activities, and critical task assessments in core, major, and clinical experiences at  

E-print Network

UNF graduates of the B.A.E program in Art Education will demonstrate mastery of content knowledge Statement Fdns & Secondary Ed - Art Education The Art Education program is designed to prepare a small but steady supply of art educators for K-12 schools in the Northeast Florida region. The program is designed

Asaithambi, Asai

454

Physical Fidelity Versus Cognitive Fidelity Training in Procedural Skills Acquisition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The current study examined whether training simulators for the acquisition of procedural skills should emphasize physical fidelity or cognitive fidelity of the task.Background: Simulation-based training for acquiring and practicing procedural skills is becoming widely established. Generally speaking, these simulators offer technological sophistication but disregard theory-based design, leaving unanswered the question of what task features should be represented in the

Ilanit Hochmitz; Nirit Yuviler-Gavish

2011-01-01

455

Predicting Bullying: Maladjustment, Social Skills and Popularity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to prevent bullying, research has characterised the adolescents involved in terms of their social skills, maladjustment and popularity. However, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the relationships between these variables and how these relationships predict bullying involvement. Moreover, the literature has focused on pure bullies…

Postigo, Silvia; Gonzalez, Remedios; Mateu, Carmen; Montoya, Inmaculada

2012-01-01

456

Resorting to Alcibiades: Thucydides on Political Skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Athenian politician Alcibiades was held by Thucydides to be only person capable of saving Athens during the latter phases of the Peloponnesian War. While we glean from Plato that Alcibiades is not particularly knowledgeable in political or military matters, in Thucydides' History, we find a different Alcibiades. Although still headstrong, ambitious and vain, Alcibiades' rhetorical and military skills are

Eric Hoyer

457

State Skill Standards: Foods and Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of Foods and Nutrition Education is to prepare students for family life, community life and careers in the foods and nutrition fields by creating opportunities to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviors needed to: (1) Analyze career paths within the foods and nutrition industry; (2) Examine factors that influence food…

Atkinson, Jeanette; Black, Sara; Capdeville, Elsie; Grover, Janice; Killion, Marlene; Martin, Jan; Mathews, Carol; Moen, Julie; Reynolds, Penny; Chessell, Karen

2008-01-01

458

Construction Business Teaches Critical Work Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few students get the opportunity to experience real-life scenarios with all the accompanying complications and loopholes. In Palmetto High School, Florida, students have the chance to practice real life skills through running a business, which affords them the chance to gain the knowledge and understanding that usually only comes from lifelong…

Elkin, Bud

2006-01-01

459

Survival Skills for the Principalship CD Companion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's principals face unique challenges--demands of time, knowledge, and organization, which take their toll on even the most flexible leader. A complement to the insightful "Survival Skills for the Principalship: A Treasure Chest of Time-Savers, Short-Cuts, and Strategies to Help You Keep a Balance in Your Life" (ED495598), this ready-to-edit…

Blaydes, John

2004-01-01

460

Perfecting Lab Skills in Them Thar Hills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Medicare regulations will soon mandate upgrading of laboratory technicians' knowledge and skills; a Colorado demonstration project responded successfully to the needs of small-town and rural technicians with a creative approach (now being bought and used by others) and circuit-flying instructors. (AJ)

Romeo, Joan

1976-01-01

461

Oxford-style debates in a microbiology course for majors: a method for delivering content and engaging critical thinking skills.  

PubMed

Developing scientific expertise in the classroom involves promoting higher-order cognitive skills as well as content mastery. Effective use of constructivism can facilitate these outcomes. However this is often difficult to accomplish when delivery of content is paramount. Utilizing many of the tenets of constructivist pedagogy, we have designed an Oxford-style debate assignment to be used in an introductory microbiology course. Two teams of students were assigned a debatable topic within microbiology. Over a five-week period students completed an informative web page consisting of three parts: background on the topic, data-based positions for each side of the argument, and a data-based persuasive argument to support their assigned position. This was followed by an in-class presentation and debate. Analysis of student performance on knowledge-based questions shows that students retain debate-derived content acquired primarily outside of lectures significantly better than content delivered during a normal lecture. Importantly, students who performed poorly on the lecture-derived questions did as well on debate-derived questions as other students. Students also performed well on questions requiring higher-order cognitive skills and in synthesizing data-driven arguments in support of a position during the debate. Student perceptions of their knowledge-base in areas covered by the debate and their skills in using scientific databases and analyzing primary literature showed a significant increase in pre- and postassignment comparisons. Our data demonstrate that an Oxford-style debate can be used effectively to deliver relevant content, increase higher-order cognitive skills, and increase self-efficacy in science-specific skills, all contributing to developing expertise in the field. PMID:23858349

Boucaud, Dwayne W; Nabel, Michael; Eggers, Christian H

2013-01-01

462

Oxford-Style Debates in a Microbiology Course for Majors: A Method for Delivering Content and Engaging Critical Thinking Skills  

PubMed Central

Developing scientific expertise in the classroom involves promoting higher-order cognitive skills as well as content mastery. Effective use of constructivism can facilitate these outcomes. However this is often difficult to accomplish when delivery of content is paramount. Utilizing many of the tenets of constructivist pedagogy, we have designed an Oxford-style debate assignment to be used in an introductory microbiology course. Two teams of students were assigned a debatable topic within microbiology. Over a five-week period students completed an informative web page consisting of three parts: background on the topic, data-based positions for each side of the argument, and a data-based persuasive argument to support their assigned position. This was followed by an in-class presentation and debate. Analysis of student performance on knowledge-based questions shows that students retain debate-derived content acquired primarily outside of lectures significantly better than content delivered during a normal lecture. Importantly, students who performed poorly on the lecture-derived questions did as well on debate-derived questions as other students. Students also performed well on questions requiring higher-order cognitive skills and in synthesizing data-driven arguments in support of a position during the debate. Student perceptions of their knowledge-base in areas covered by the debate and their skills in using scientific databases and analyzing primary literature showed a significant increase in pre- and postassignment comparisons. Our data demonstrate that an Oxford-style debate can be used effectively to deliver relevant content, increase higher-order cognitive skills, and increase self-efficacy in science-specific skills, all contributing to developing expertise in the field. PMID:23858349

Boucaud, Dwayne W.; Nabel, Michael; Eggers, Christian H.

2013-01-01

463

Instructional skills evaluation in nuclear industry training  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information to nuclear power plant training managers and their staffs concerning the job performance requirements of instructional personnel to implement prformance-based training programs (also referred to as the Systems Approach Training). The information presented in this report is a compilation of information and lessons learned in the nuclear power industry and in other industries using performance-based training programs. The job performance requirements in this report are presented as instructional skills objectives. The process used to develop the instructional skills objectives is described. Each objective includes an Instructional Skills Statement describing the behavior that is expected and an Instructional Skills Standard describing the skills/knowledge that the individual should possess in order to have achieved mastery. The instructional skills objectives are organized according to the essential elements of the Systems Approach to Training and are cross-referenced to three categories of instructional personnel: developers of instruction, instructors, and instructional managers/supervisors. Use of the instructional skills objectives is demonstrated for reviewing instructional staff training and qualification programs, developing criterion-tests, and reviewing the performance and work products of individual staff members. 22 refs.

Mazour, T.J.; Ball, F.M.

1985-11-01

464

Learning Soft Skills at Work: An Interview with Annalee Luhman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Soft skills are attitudes and behaviors displayed in interactions among individuals that affect the outcomes of such encounters. These differ from hard skills, which are the technical knowledge and abilities required to perform specific job-related tasks more formally stated in job descriptions. In the past, it was felt that managers and employees…

Davis, Barbara D.; Muir, Clive

2004-01-01

465

A Change in Seasons: Increasing Student Observation Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ability to accurately observe and notice small details is a skill important to scientists. To help students develop this skill, have them record and share observations, successively focusing in on smaller, more precise details. When students observe changes in the seasons, they can extend their science knowledge by carefully noting changes in color, shape, and patterns in vegetation, asking questions, and making predictions.

Sterling, Donna R.

2006-09-01

466

Immigrants Matter: Canada's Social Agenda on Skill and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence shows that there is an increasing number of knowledge and management occupations in a broad range of sectors, requiring greater numbers of well-educated and skilled workers. Despite this compelling need for skilled workers, the reports note that immigrants often do not fare well in the Canadian economy. One of the main barriers faced by…

Mirchandani, Kiran

2004-01-01

467

Factors Influencing the Turnover of Skilled Personnel: A Casestudy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures taken to improve productivity are likely to involve an increased investment in human capital—that is, in the development of the skills, knowledge and experience of the employee. Personnel turnover can represent a loss on this investment and, in the case of some highly skilled employees, turnover can even jeopardize the functioning of the organization. The Aus tralian Army is

James Robert Warn

1994-01-01

468

Minimum Library Use Skills: Standards, Test, and Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiled by the Wisconsin Association of Academic Librarians' (WAAL) Education and Library Use Committee, the Test of Minimum Library Use Skills provides examples of questions which may be used to assess students' knowledge of the 13 minimum library use skills adapted by the WAAL membership in 1983. The 59 multiple choice questions that make up…

Carr, Jo Ann, Ed.

469

Recruitment and retention of ICT skills among MNCs in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The existing research on multinational companies (MNCs) tends to emphasise the diffusion of knowledge and skills in information, communication and technology (ICT) from the more advanced industrialised nations to less-developed or latecomer countries. Few studies have examined the ICT work force supply and development of local ICT skills among MNCs' overseas subsidiaries. This paper aims to fill the

Mei-chi Hu; Connie Zheng; David Lamond

2007-01-01

470

Skills Training in "Legal Analysis": A Systematic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a systematic method for teaching first year law students dialectical skills. An introductory section, Part I, critiques the traditional format for law education noting that at most schools, instruction in substantive courses impart knowledge but not the skills lawyers need in practicing their professions. Part II discusses, in…

Wangerin, Paul T.

1986-01-01

471

Career Education and Labour Market Conditions: The Skills Gap Myth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rhetoric surrounding career education programs was examined by exploring two questions. The first question was which employment sectors anticipate significant job growth and what skill levels and academic competencies were required to work within those sectors. The second question was whether increasing the level of student knowledge and skill

Hyslop-Margison, Emery J.; Welsh, Benjamin H.

472

[The Strategic Organization of Skill  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Eye-movement software was developed in addition to several studies that focused on expert-novice differences in the acquisition and organization of skill. These studies focused on how increasingly complex strategies utilize and incorporate visual look-ahead to calibrate action. Software for collecting, calibrating, and scoring eye-movements was refined and updated. Some new algorithms were developed for analyzing corneal-reflection eye movement data that detect the location of saccadic eye movements in space and time. Two full-scale studies were carried out which examined how experts use foveal and peripheral vision to acquire information about upcoming environmental circumstances in order to plan future action(s) accordingly.

Roberts, Ralph

1996-01-01

473

Using Oral Language Skills to Build on the Emerging Literacy of Adult English Learners. CAELA Network Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addition to learning to read and write for the first time, adult English language learners with limited or emerging literacy skills must acquire oral English. Often, learners with limited print literacy in their first language have oral skills in English that exceed their English literacy skills (Geva & Zadeh, 2006). While this mismatch of oral…

Vinogradov, Patsy; Bigelow, Martha

2010-01-01

474

Sources of Group and Individual Differences in Emerging Fraction Skills  

PubMed Central

Results from a two year longitudinal study of 181 children from fourth through fifth grade are reported. Levels of growth in children’s computation, word problem, and estimation skills using common fractions were predicted by working memory, attentive classroom behavior, conceptual knowledge about fractions, and simple arithmetic fluency. Comparisons of 55 participants identified as having mathematical difficulties to those without mathematical difficulties revealed that group differences in emerging fraction skills were consistently mediated by attentive classroom behavior and conceptual knowledge about fractions. Neither working memory nor arithmetic fluency mediated group differences in growth in fraction skills. It was also found that the development of basic fraction skills and conceptual knowledge are bidirectional in that conceptual knowledge exerted strong influences on all three types of basic fraction skills, and basic fraction skills exerted a more modest influence on subsequent conceptual knowledge. Results are discussed with reference to how the identification of potentially malleable student characteristics that contribute to the difficulties that some students have with fractions informs interventions and also will contribute to a future theoretical account concerning how domain general and domain specific factors influence the development of basic fraction skills. PMID:21170171

Hecht, Steven A.; Vagi, Kevin J.

2010-01-01

475

Pruritic acquired nevus of Ota.  

PubMed

Nevus of Ota is a unilateral, asymptomatic cutaneous and mucosal hyperpigmentation of the face that is congenital or may appear during childhood. We present a case of symptomatic acquired nevus of Ota in an adult, associated with intense pruritus, not described in the literature so far. A 32-year-old woman presented with brownish mottled macules which appeared on her face progressively over 8 days, following the distribution of the first and second divisions of the left trigeminal nerve and partially covering the iris and sclera of the left eye. She reported an intense pruritus in this area. We performed a biopsy on the left forehead, which confirmed the diagnosis of nevus of Ota. Specific stains and immunohistochemistry revealed increased numbers of mast cells. Ophthalmological tests showed acute acquired melanocytosis of the left iris and sclera. The origin of the nevus is still unclear. Several hypotheses suggest a reactivation of melanocytes during their migration from the neural crest. The pruritus reported in our patient may be explained by the increased quantity of mast cells observed in the lesion and/or neuronal stimulation of the ophthalmic and maxillary divisions of the fifth cranial nerve. PMID:24060704

Quenan, S; Strueven, V; Saxer, N; Laffitte, E; Kaya, G; Krischer, J; Hafezi, F; Le Gal, F-A

2013-01-01

476

Foodborne listeriosis acquired in hospitals.  

PubMed

Listeriosis is characterized by bacteremia or meningitis. We searched for listeriosis case series and outbreak investigations published in English by 2013, and assessed the strength of evidence for foodborne acquisition among patients who ate hospital food. We identified 30 reports from 13 countries. Among the case series, the median proportion of cases considered to be hospital-acquired was 25% (range, 9%-67%). The median number of outbreak-related illnesses considered to be hospital-acquired was 4.0 (range, 2-16). All patients were immunosuppressed in 18 of 24 (75%) reports with available data. Eight outbreak reports with strong evidence for foodborne acquisition in a hospital implicated sandwiches (3 reports), butter, precut celery, Camembert cheese, sausage, and tuna salad (1 report each). Foodborne acquisition of listeriosis among hospitalized patients is well documented internationally. The number of listeriosis cases could be reduced substantially by establishing hospital policies for safe food preparation for immunocompromised patients and by not serving them higher-risk foods. PMID:24846635

Silk, Benjamin J; McCoy, Morgan H; Iwamoto, Martha; Griffin, Patricia M

2014-08-15

477

Two cases of acquired methemoglobinemia.  

PubMed

Methemoglobinemia is a rare pathology that results from the oxidation of iron in the hemoglobin molecule. Oxidation of iron switches it from the ferrous to the ferric state, and impedes the ability of hemoglobin to carry oxygen. Hence, methemoglobinemia often results in hypoxemia. The disease can be hereditary or acquired, and its diagnosis can be challenging. This rare condition may often be missed by clinicians, since information on oxygen saturation provided by standard pulse oximeters is unreliable. We here present two cases of acquired methemoglobinemia. The first one is a 24-year old woman, who received dapsone as an alternative antibiotic therapy because of known allergies to a series of other antibiotics and who could not get weaned from mechanical ventilation despite minimal ventilator support. The second case describes a 49-year old man who developed respiratory insufficiency following the use of 'poppers' containing alkyl nitrites. Following treatment of both patients using the antidote methylene blue, they could be successfully weaned from mechanical ventilation. PMID:23136811

Hall, A; Stessel, B; Bergmans, D; Schnabel, R

2012-01-01

478

Acquired duodenal obstruction in children.  

PubMed

Traumatic intramural hematoma of the duodenum is a rare cause of acquired duodenal obstruction in children, and a high degree of suspicion is therefore required to make an early and accurate diagnosis. We report a 6-year-old boy whose epigastrium was impacted by the handlebar of his bicycle during a traffic accident. The boy then experienced epigastralgia. Six days later, progressive bilious vomiting suggestive of gastrointestinal obstruction was noted. Imaging studies revealed a large hematoma extending from the fourth portion of the duodenum to the jejunum. Conservative methods of treatment failed to manage his condition. He underwent laparoscopic surgery to evacuate the hematoma. We also report a case of duodenal obstruction in a previously healthy 2-year-old girl who presented for the first time with acute symptoms of proximal intestinal obstruction. Contrast examinations showed apparent barium retention over the stomach and proximal duodenum. She underwent surgery due to persistent obstruction, and a mushroom-like foreign body was detected embedded in the orifice of the windsock duodenal web. After duodenoduodenostomy and removal of the bezoar, she had a smooth recovery and tolerated feeding well. We conclude that blunt abdominal trauma and incomplete duodenal obstruction, such as that caused by duodenal web, should be considered as possible causes of acquired proximal gastrointestinal obstruction in previously healthy children, despite their rarity. PMID:19133572

Chien, Jen-Hung; Ho, Tsyr-Yuh; Shih-Peng, Lin; Lee, Chi-Ling; Ou, Shan-Fu

2008-10-01

479

Knowledge acquisition for autonomous systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Knowledge-based capabilities for autonomous aerospace systems, such as the NASA Space Station, must encompass conflict-resolution functions comparable to those of human operators, with all elements of the system working toward system goals in a concurrent, asynchronous-but-coordinated fashion. Knowledge extracted from a design database will support robotic systems by furnishing geometric, structural, and causal descriptions required for repair, disassembly, and assembly. The factual knowledge for these databases will be obtained from a master database through a technical management information system, and it will in many cases have to be augmented by domain-specific heuristic knowledge acquired from domain experts.

Lum, Henry; Heer, Ewald

1988-01-01

480

Knowledge Transfer Partnerships is Europe's leading programme helping businesses to improve their competitiveness and productivity through the better use of knowledge,  

E-print Network

Knowledge Transfer Partnerships is Europe's leading programme helping businesses to improve their competitiveness and productivity through the better use of knowledge, technology and skills that reside within the UK knowledge base. A Technology Strategy Board programme Accelerating Business Innovation #12

Molinari, Marc

481

Effects of a Self-Instruction Communication Skills Training on Skills, Self-Efficacy, Motivation, and Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study on the effects of a self-instruction training programme in communication skills for psychology students at the Open University of the Netherlands in comparison to a fully supervised training. We expected both training programmes to increase students' knowledge and skills, as well as their self-efficacy and motivation…

Hommes, Mark A.; Van der Molen, Henk T.

2012-01-01

482

Skill Standards for Technicians in the Highly Automated Manufacturing Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Skill standards are quality standards applied to people. They are specific statements of desired skill and knowledge presented in observable and measurable form. The statement contains a condition that defines under what circumstances it will be observed and measured. The desired behavior is defined and the standard criteria are stated in terms of "how good is good enough?" Skill standards specify the expected behavior, the condition and the standard for performance for technicians working in highly automated environments such as 300mm semiconductor fabs. The manufacturing environment has evolved from one that was populated with self-contained tools utilizing robotics technology to one that is composed of large numbers of these tools interconnected by automated material handling systems (AMHS) and driven by a centralized manufacturing execution system (MES) in such a way as to maximize factory throughput and output. The skills required to work in such an environment consist of most of the skills required by the previous environment (i.e., 200mm fabs) plus some emerging skills. These emerging skills are primarily skills and knowledge related to the new, enterprise automation systems, their maintenance, and the ability to utilize the vast amount of information they provide. Importantly, these skills are transferable to a great extent to a variety of industries such as pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food processing and automotive manufacturing. In the course of this project, research into transportation industries (railroads) and chemical processing (refineries) showed a high degree of commonality of the skills required.

2010-07-07

483

Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing Industry Skill Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Northeast Biomanufacturing Center and Collaborative offers an overview of the skills and knowledge necessary for success in the biopharmaceutical job market. It is designed for community college or technical college instructors helping students preparing to work in pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies and clinical laboratories. The document includes concrete information to help construct curriculum, courses and modules, and purchase equipment for education and training for ten biomanufacturing jobs including: Process Development Associate, Validation Specialist, Manufacturing Technician Upstream, Manufacturing Technician Downstream, Instrumentation/Calibration Technician, Chemistry QC Technician, Microbiology QC Technician, Environmental Health/Safety Technician, QA Documentation Coordinator, and Facilities Technician positions. A detailed job analysis including job functions, competencies, academic and technical knowledge, and familiarity with specific equipment/tools requirements are systematically presented for each position area.

Wallman, Sonia

2009-09-24

484

Collaborative e-learning display for acquiring professional and C. Renaut1  

E-print Network

1 Collaborative e-learning display for acquiring professional skills S. Metz*2 and C. Renaut1 1 collaborative work, cognitive sciences and ergonomics researches, the pedagogical e-learning- project team chose-future learners and tutors on displays relevance. Keywords e-learning; platform; collaborative tools; ergonomics

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

485

Effects of Phonological Complexity on Error Production and Pseudoword Training in Acquired Phonological Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals with acquired phonological dyslexia experience difficulty associating written letters with their corresponding sounds, especially in pseudowords. Several studies have attempted to improve reading in this population by training letter-to-sound correspondence, general phonological skills, or a combination of these approaches; however,…

Riley, Ellyn Anne

2011-01-01

486

The Costs of Knowledge  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Acquiring knowledge-genuinely learning something new-requires the consent and commitment of the person you're trying to learn from. In contrast to information, which can usually be effectively transmitted in a document or diagram, knowledge comes from explaining, clarifying, questioning, and sometimes actually working together. Getting this kind of attention and commitment often involves some form of negotiation, since even the most generous person's time and energy are limited. Few experts sit around waiting to share their knowledge with strangers or casual acquaintances. In reasonably collaborative enterprises- I think NASA is one-this sort of negotiation isn't too onerous. People want to help each other and share what they know, so the "cost" of acquiring knowledge is relatively low. In many organizations (and many communities and countries), however, there are considerable costs associated with this activity, and many situations in which negotiations fail. The greatest knowledge cost is in and adopting knowledge to one's own use. Sometimes this means formally organizing what one learns in writing. Sometimes it means just taking time to reflect on someone else's thoughts and experiences-thinking about knowledge that is not exactly what you need but can lead you to develop ideas that will be useful. A long, discursive conversation, with all the back-and-forth that defines conversation, can be a mechanism of knowledge exchange. I have seen many participants at NASA APPEL Masters Forums talking, reflecting, and thinking-adapting what they are hearing to their own needs. Knowledge transfer is not a simple proposition. An enormous amount of information flows through the world every day, but knowledge is local, contextual, and "stickyn-that is, it takes real effort to move it from one place to another. There is no way around this. To really learn a subject, you have to work at it, you have to pay your "knowledge dues." So while, thanks to advances in technology, almost infinite amounts of information are instantly available, it still takes the same amount of time and work to learn French as it did in the year 1800-or to master physics or philosophy.

Prusak, Laurence

2008-01-01

487

Do Girls Profit More? Gender-Specific Effectiveness of a Life Skills Program Against Alcohol Consumption in Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness of a life skills program with regard to alcohol consumption, life skills, knowledge, and school bonding for young adolescents. The focus was on the moderating role of gender, based on the assumption that life skills programs may address specific needs of adolescent girls better than those of boys. The universal school-based life skills program IPSY

Karina Weichold; Anett Brambosch; Rainer K. Silbereisen

2012-01-01

488

Training of Leadership Skills in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Background: Effective team performance is essential in the delivery of high-quality health-care. Leadership skills therefore are an important part of physicians’ everyday clinical life. To date, the development of leadership skills are underrepresented in medical curricula. Appropriate training methods for equipping doctors with these leadership skills are highly desirable. Objective: The review aims to summarize the findings in the current literature regarding training in leadership skills in medicine and tries to integrate the findings to guide future research and training development. Method: The PubMED, ERIC, and PsycArticles, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and Academic search complete of EBSCOhost were searched for training of leadership skills in medicine in German and English. Relevant articles were identified and findings were integrated and consolidated regarding the leadership principles, target group of training and number of participants, temporal resources of the training, training content and methods, the evaluation design and trainings effects. Results: Eight studies met all inclusion criteria and no exclusion criteria. The range of training programs is very broad and leadership skill components are diverse. Training designs implied theoretical reflections of leadership phenomena as well as discussions of case studies from practice. The duration of training ranged from several hours to years. Reactions of participants to trainings were positive, yet no behavioral changes through training were examined. Conclusions: More research is needed to understand the factors critical to success in the development of leadership skills in medical education and to adapt goal-oriented training methods. Requirements analysis might help to gain knowledge about the nature of leadership skills in medicine. The authors propose a stronger focus on behavioral training methods like simulation-based training for leadership skills in medical education. PMID:24282452

Kiesewetter, Jan; Schmidt-Huber, Marion; Netzel, Janine; Krohn, Alexandra C.; Angstwurm, Matthias; Fischer, Martin R.

2013-01-01

489

Electrodiagnostic medicine skills competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project sought to create an educational module including evaluation methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents in electrodiagnostic evaluation of patients with neuromuscular problems, and to verify acquired competencies in those electrodiagnostic skills through objective evaluation methodology. Sixteen residents were trained by board-certified neuromuscular and electrodiagnostic medicine physicians through technical training, lectures, and review of self-assessment examination (SAE) concepts from the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation syllabus provided in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. After delivery of the educational module, knowledge acquisition and skill attainment were measured in (1) clinical skill in diagnostic procedures via a procedure checklist, (2) diagnosis and ability to design a patient-care management plan via chart simulated recall (CSR) exams, (3) physician/patient interaction via patient surveys, (4) physician/staff interaction via 360-degree global ratings, and (5) ability to write a comprehensive patient-care report and to document a patient-care management plan in accordance with Medicare guidelines via written patient reports. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). To test the success of the standardized educational module, data were collected on an ongoing basis. Objective measures compared resident SAE scores in electrodiagnostics (EDX) before and after institution of the comprehensive EDX competency module in a PM&R residency program. Fifteen of 16 residents (94%) successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation element of the educational module by the end of their PGY-4 electrodiagnostic rotation. The resident who did not initially pass underwent remedial coursework and passed on the second attempt. Furthermore, the residents' proficiency as demonstrated by the evaluation after implementation of the standardized educational module positively correlated to an increase in resident SAE scores in EDX compared with resident scores before implementation of the educational module. Resident proficiency in EDX medicine skills and knowledge was objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tools is evidenced by collected data correlating with significantly improved SAE scores and American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM) exam scores, as outlined in the result section. In addition, the clinical development tool (procedure checklist) was validated by residents being individually observed performing skills and deemed competent by an AANEM-certified physician. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of EDX. PMID:18388558

Brown, David; Cuccurullo, Sara; Lee, Joseph; Petagna, Ann; Strax, Thomas

2008-08-01

490

7 CFR 926.10 - Acquire.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COLLECTION, REPORTING AND RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO CRANBERRIES NOT SUBJECT TO THE CRANBERRY MARKETING ORDER § 926.10 Acquire. Acquire means to obtain cranberries by any means whatsoever for the purpose of handling...

2010-01-01

491

Skill set development of doctoral and post-doctoral graduates in life sciences.  

PubMed

Doctoral and post-doctoral training programs at leading research universities in the USA are highly important in generating the much needed knowledge in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics for keeping rural and urban economies strong and societies healthy and prosperous. In addition, innovative graduate and post doctoral research programs are the driving engines of the success of U.S. economy and have made the U.S. the most successful model of generating new knowledge in the broader areas of life sciences (and agricultural education, research, and extension). We need to do everything in our power to make these training programs innovative, collaborative, independent, and resourceful so that students are trained in different disciplines making them more flexible within a range of challenges and opportunities. The training programs must empower students to solve complex and interdisciplinary problems of the society in 21st century and make our students competitive within a global economic system, to improve the health of the nation's economy. If our land grant schools and institutions of higher learning are not preparing doctoral students to be globally competitive scientists to create new knowledge and technologies to solve complex and interdisciplinary problems of the 21st century, then either we need to redefine the mission of our land grant system or we risk losing our role to serve the public and industry effectively. Doctoral and post doctoral students should be given the needed skills and experiences to prepare them for tenure track faculty jobs at leading US Universities in the 21st century as well as prepare them for the world outside of academia. I would say minimum competency skills are needed as "bare survival skills" for all doctoral students to become successful after obtaining PhD degrees. Today's PhD students will be working in a global but highly competitive, rapidly changing, and complex world. It is no longer enough to be a good researcher and a good teacher; researchers and teachers must be good team players and leaders to lead interdisciplinary research programs, and exceptional managers to effectively manage their research staff, MS and PhD students, and post doctoral researchers. Doctoral students have exceptional opportunities during their PhD degree programs to acquire these skills from their world class supervisors and participate in available workshops on how to develop successful and winning grant proposals, improving communication skills, and participate in "future faculty programs" on their campuses. PMID:20491395

Kanwar, R S

2010-01-01

492

The Assessment of Athletics "Knowledge" with Written and Video Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Athletics programmes for secondary schools include a variety of skills, knowledge and cognitive abilities, which are currently assessed through written, practical, oral and/or video-based tests. Skills are traditionally taught in practice-based sessions, while the knowledge aspect is often reinforced in class-based sessions with…