Note: This page contains sample records for the topic activity advanced science from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

GNVQ Science: Advanced  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book will be welcomed by science teachers as a major high-quality publication for everyday use by GNVQ Advanced Science students. Written by a team of science teachers from several schools and colleges, the book covers the requirements of the eight mandatory Units of GNVQ Advanced Science. In full colour, the Units are organized in numerical sequence and colour coded

Jim Breithaupt

1996-01-01

2

Advances in Biological Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Advances in Biological Sciences program at California State University described in this report has provided 160 high school, junior high, and fifth and sixth grade science teachers with lectures, laboratories, lesson planning, and implementation guidance in forefront biology over the past 3 years. Over 200 program lessons have been…

Oppenheimer, Steven B.

3

Advancing the science for active surveillance: rationale and design for the Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership.  

PubMed

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Amendments Act of 2007 mandated that the FDA develop a system for using automated health care data to identify risks of marketed drugs and other medical products. The Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership is a public-private partnership among the FDA, academia, data owners, and the pharmaceutical industry that is responding to the need to advance the science of active medical product safety surveillance by using existing observational databases. The Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership's transparent, open innovation approach is designed to systematically and empirically study critical governance, data resource, and methodological issues and their interrelationships in establishing a viable national program of active drug safety surveillance by using observational data. This article describes the governance structure, data-access model, methods-testing approach, and technology development of this effort, as well as the work that has been initiated. PMID:21041580

Stang, Paul E; Ryan, Patrick B; Racoosin, Judith A; Overhage, J Marc; Hartzema, Abraham G; Reich, Christian; Welebob, Emily; Scarnecchia, Thomas; Woodcock, Janet

2010-11-01

4

Lincoln Advanced Science and Engineering Reinforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Lincoln University, under the Lincoln Advanced Science and Engineering Reinforcement (LASER) Program, has been actively identifying and recruiting minority students for careers in science and engineering since 1981. The program has successfully identified...

W. Williams

1989-01-01

5

Science Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of K-12 activities covers the following science content areas: bioscience, communications, computers, earth and physical sciences, energy, math, oceanography, space, and transportation. Specific activities that may be classified under Earth system science include: Bringing the Greenhouse Effect Down to Earth, The Greenhouse Effect in a Jar, Slick Sea Spills, Ocean in a Bottle, People Changing the Atmosphere, Frozen Erosion, and The Satellite Delay Relay. Also included are references to additional resources and information on how to order activity kits.

6

SCIENCE BRIEF: ADVANCED CONCEPTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Research on advanced concepts will evaluate and demonstrate the application of innovative infrastructure designs, management procedures and operational approaches. Advanced concepts go beyond simple asset management. The infusion of these advanced concepts into established wastew...

7

Advances in welding science and technology  

SciTech Connect

Over the years, welding has been more of an art than a science, but in the last few decades major advances have taken place in welding science and technology. With the development of new methodologies at the crossroads of basic and applied sciences, enormous opportunities and potential exist to develop a science-based design of composition, structure, and properties of welds with intelligent control and automation of the welding processes. In the last several decades, welding has evolved as an interdisciplinary activity requiring synthesis of knowledge from various disciplines and incorporating the most advanced tools of various basic applied sciences. A series of international conferences and other publications have covered the issues, current trends and directions in welding science and technology. In the last few decades, major progress has been made in (i) understanding physical processes in welding, (ii) characterization of microstructure and properties, and (iii) intelligent control and automation of welding. This paper describes some of these developments.

David, S.A.; Babu, S.S.; Vitek, J.M.

1995-12-31

8

Research activities of the Solid State Sciences Committee in the development of a Federal initiative on advanced materials and processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Solid State Sciences Committee (SSSC) of the National Research Council (NRC) is charged with monitoring the health of the field of materials science in the United States. Accordingly, the committee identifies and examines both broad and specific issues affecting the field. Regular meetings, teleconferences, briefings from agencies and the scientific community, the formation of study panels to prepare reports, and special forums are among the mechanisms used by the SSSC to meet its charge. This progress report presents a review of SSSC activities from May 1, 1992 through April 30, 1993. The details of prior activities are discussed in earlier reports. During the above period, the SSSC has continued to track and participate, when requested, in the development of a federal initiative on advanced materials and processing. Specifically, the SSSC is presently planning the 1993 SSSC Forum (to be cosponsored with the National Materials Advisory Board (NMAB) and the Washington Materials Forum (WMF)). The thrust will be to highlight the Federal Advanced Materials and Processing Program (AMPP). In keeping with its charge to identify and highlight specific areas for scientific and technological opportunities, the SSSC continued to oversee the conduct of a study on biomolecular materials. Preliminary plans also were developed for a study on neutron science; however, further activity is pending. A proposed study on ultrasmall devices has been expanded and absorbed into a broader context; the Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA), with SSSC participation, is preparing to hold a program initiation meeting to evaluate the need for a study on information technology and hardware.

Taylor, Ronald

9

Advancing the Science of Climate Change.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change, one of five groups convened under the Americas Climate Choices suite of activities (see Foreword), was charged to address the following question: What can be done to better understand climate change an...

2010-01-01

10

Development of 3D multimedia with advanced computer animation tools for outreach activities related to Meteor Science and Meteoritics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Documentaries related to Astronomy and Planetary Sciences are a common and very attractive way to promote the interest of the public in these areas. These educational tools can get benefit from new advanced computer animation software and 3D technologies, as these allow making these documentaries even more attractive. However, special care must be taken in order to guarantee that the information contained in them is serious and objective. In this sense, an additional value is given when the footage is produced by the own researchers. With this aim, a new documentary produced and directed by Prof. Madiedo has been developed. The documentary, which has been entirely developed by means of advanced computer animation tools, is dedicated to several aspects of Meteor Science and Meteoritics. The main features of this outreach and education initiative are exposed here.

Madiedo, J. M.

2012-09-01

11

Bulgarian Activities in the Project COSMOS: An Advanced Scientific Repository for Science Teaching and Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the main purposes of the European educational project COSMOS (co-funded by the European Commission under the program eContentplus), is to create an experimental laboratory for the school of tomorrow in order to improve the education in astronomy by expanding the resources for teaching and learning in schools and universities and by providing more challenging and authentic learning experiences for students. A large educational database was created as a result of the project activities made by 15 partner institutions. The unusual electronic "library" offers to students and teachers unique educational resources: learning scenarios, images, presentations, videos and animations (most of them are impossible to produce in any scientific laboratory). It is freely accessible to anyone, anywhere, anytime. Our poster presents the contribution of the Shumen university (the only partner from Bulgaria) in the project: uploading more than 12000 astronomical images in the COSMOS portal; creation of 45 learning scenarios; holding 5 teaching workshops at different places for more than 100 Bulgarian teachers to use the possibilities of the COSMOS portal (including creation of their own learning scenarios). Our analysis of the questionnaires filled-in by the participating teachers shows the necessity of such projects and workshops.

Marchev, D.; Kyurkchieva, D.; Borisov, B.; Radeva, V.

2010-09-01

12

Secondary science laboratory activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study conducted with 15 teachers and their classes in two Western Australian high schools indicated that laboratory activities are perceived by a majority of teachers and students as an effective means of learning science. However, laboratory activities were not presented on a regular basis in most classes and appeared to have low status compared to activities that emphasized science

Kenneth Tobin

1986-01-01

13

Activities for Science: Cooperative Learning Lessons (Challenging).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to help advanced elementary students learn science skills while actively engaged in cooperative activities based on the earth sciences and natural disasters. The first section explains how to make cooperative learning a part of the curriculum and includes an overview, instructions and activities to bring cooperative learning…

Jasmine, Grace; Jasmine, Julia

14

Advanced Transportation Technology - Science Modules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With support from the Pennsylvania Department of Education, GREATT and CSATS have developed a number of transportation-related instructional modules suitable for middle and high school. Examples include: Fuel Cells Watch as a reversible fuel cell powers a car using only water! This activity will help demystify the science behind fuel cells and dispel their high-tech aura. Students will make sense of the fuel cell they see operating by learning about hydrolysis and reverse hydrolysis, viewing online animated tutorials, and reading about their history. Chemistry: Multiple Class PeriodsProperties of Metals Who would travel on a bridge that bends under the weight of the automobiles that traverse it? In this activity, students learn the importance of analyzing properties of materials. They learn to use Youngs Modulus of Elasticity equation and devise an experiment to compare the strengths of different types of metals. Physics: Multiple class periods MERC Online Reviewer Comments: The material presents a well documented set of laboratory experiments to illustrate basic concepts for automotive transport systems, although many of these could be used for other purposes.

2009-12-14

15

Advances in welding science - a perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ultimate goal of welding technology is to improve the joint integrity and increase productivity. Over the years, welding has been more of an art than a science, but in the last few decades major advances have taken place in welding science and technol...

S. A. David J. M. Vitek S. S. Babu T. DebRoy

1995-01-01

16

Advances in welding science - a perspective  

SciTech Connect

The ultimate goal of welding technology is to improve the joint integrity and increase productivity. Over the years, welding has been more of an art than a science, but in the last few decades major advances have taken place in welding science and technology. With the development of new methodologies at the crossroads of basic and applied sciences, enormous opportunities and potential exist to develop a science-based tailoring of composition, structure, and properties of welds with intelligent control and automation of the welding processes.

David, S.A.; Vitek, J.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Babu, S.S.; DebRoy, T. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1995-02-01

17

Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What exactly is informal science education? Well, it isn't just a science class taught in jeans and a t-shirt. According to the Center for the Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) website, informal science "supports people of all ages and walks of life in exploring science, technology, engineering, and mathematics." In the "About Informal Science Education" section of the website, visitors can read about the places in which informal science education occurs, such as in the media, science centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, nature centers, and after-school programs. The "ISE Spotlights" section contains real life examples of informal science education occurring around the nation. Visitors interested in becoming involved in informal science education (ISE) should check out the "CAISE Programs" link on the left hand menu, then click on "CAISE Initiatives", for the seven initiatives of project year four and five. Some of the initiatives include "The ISE Evidence Wiki", "Informal Commons" and "Interactive ISE Timeline". It is a site that is worth returning to multiple times, and the materials here represent some of the ways that persons of all ages learn about science.

18

AAAS: American Association for the Advancement of Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an international non-profit organization that concerns itself with not only the advancement of science education but also the overall communication of the values of science and the formulation of science policies around the world. Most notably, AAAS publishes the journal Science, as well as other scientific newsletters, books, and reports.

19

Corrosion Science, Corrosion Engineering, and Advanced Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professor R.M. Latanision was the 1994 recipient of the Willis Rodney Whitney Award sponsored by NACE International. The present work is taken from his award lecture at CORROSION\\/94 held in March 1994 in Baltimore, MD. Latanision discussed the interplay between corrosion science and corrosion engineering in advancing technology. His lecture focused on supercritical water oxidation and other technologies that have

R. M. Latanision

1995-01-01

20

National Science Foundation Performance Highlights, FY 2005: Advancing the Frontier.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is steward of America's science and engineering enterprise. The mission is to promote and advance the progress of research and education in science and engineering in the United States by supporting all fields of fund...

2005-01-01

21

Science and Decisions: Advancing Toxicology to Advance Risk Assessment  

PubMed Central

In 2009, the National Research Council (NRC) released the latest in a series of advisory reports on human health risk assessment, titled Science and Decisions: Advancing Risk Assessment. This wide-ranging report made a number of recommendations related to risk assessment practice at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency that could both influence and be influenced by evolving toxicological practice. In particular, Science and Decisions emphasized the scientific and operational necessity of a new approach for dose-response modeling; addressed the recurring challenge of defaults in risk assessment and the question of when research results can be used in place of defaults; and reinforced the value of cumulative risk assessment, which would require enhanced understanding of the joint influence of chemical and nonchemical stressors on health outcomes. The objective of this article is to summarize key messages from Science and Decisions, both as a stand-alone report and in comparison with another recent NRC report, Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century: A Vision and a Strategy. Although these reports have many conclusions in common and reinforce similar themes, there are important differences that merit careful consideration, such as the move away from apical endpoints in Toxicity Testing and the emphasis on benefit-cost analyses and related decision tools in Science and Decisions that would be strengthened by quantification of apical endpoints. Moving risk assessment forward will require toxicologists to wrestle with the implications of Science and Decisions from a toxicological perspective.

Rodricks, Joseph V.

2013-01-01

22

Advanced Compton Telescope designs and SN science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Compton Telescope (ACT) has been suggested to be the optimal next-generation instrument to study nuclear gamma-ray lines. In this work, we investigate the potential of three hypothetical designs of the ACT to perform SN science. We provide estimates of: (1) the SN detection rate, (2) the SN Ia discrimination rate, and (3) which gamma-ray lines would be detected from specific supernova remnants. We find that the prompt emission from a SN Ia is such that it is unlikely that one would be within the range that an INTERMEDIATE ACT would be able to distinguish between explosion scenarios, although such an instrument would detect a handful of SNRs. We further find that the SUPERIOR ACT design would be a truly breakthrough instrument for SN science. By supplying these estimates, we intend to assist the gamma-ray astrophysics community in deciding the course of the next decade of gamma-ray SN science.

Milne, P. A.; Kroeger, R. A.; Kurfess, J. D.; The, L.-S.

2002-07-01

23

Advance Network Reservation and Provisioning for Science  

SciTech Connect

We are witnessing a new era that offers new opportunities to conduct scientific research with the help of recent advancements in computational and storage technologies. Computational intensive science spans multiple scientific domains, such as particle physics, climate modeling, and bio-informatics simulations. These large-scale applications necessitate collaborators to access very large data sets resulting from simulations performed in geographically distributed institutions. Furthermore, often scientific experimental facilities generate massive data sets that need to be transferred to validate the simulation data in remote collaborating sites. A major component needed to support these needs is the communication infrastructure which enables high performance visualization, large volume data analysis, and also provides access to computational resources. In order to provide high-speed on-demand data access between collaborating institutions, national governments support next generation research networks such as Internet 2 and ESnet (Energy Sciences Network). Delivering network-as-a-service that provides predictable performance, efficient resource utilization and better coordination between compute and storage resources is highly desirable. In this paper, we study network provisioning and advanced bandwidth reservation in ESnet for on-demand high performance data transfers. We present a novel approach for path finding in time-dependent transport networks with bandwidth guarantees. We plan to improve the current ESnet advance network reservation system, OSCARS [3], by presenting to the clients, the possible reservation options and alternatives for earliest completion time and shortest transfer duration. The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) provides high bandwidth connections between research laboratories and academic institutions for data sharing and video/voice communication. The ESnet On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) establishes guaranteed bandwidth of secure virtual circuits at a certain time, for a certain bandwidth and length of time. Though OSCARS operates within the ESnet, it also supplies end-to-end provisioning between multiple autonomous network domains. OSCARS gets reservation requests through a standard web service interface, and conducts a Quality-of-service (QoS) path for bandwidth guarantees. Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and the Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) enable to create a virtual circuit using Label Switched Paths (LSP's). It contains three main components: a reservation manager, a bandwidth scheduler, and a path setup subsystem. The bandwidth scheduler needs to have information about the current and future states of the network topology in order to accomplish end-to-end bandwidth guaranteed paths.

Balman, Mehmet; Chaniotakis, Evangelos; Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alex

2009-07-10

24

Enrollment in Advanced Science Courses in the USA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Synthesizes existing, isolated bits of information on U.S. secondary student enrollment in advanced science courses. Among the findings for grades 10, 11, and 12, the percentage of those students enrolled in Advanced Biology is 20, 26, and 54. Advanced Chemistry is 0, 33, and 67; and Advanced Physics is 0, 10, and 90. (PR)

Doran, Rodney L.

1991-01-01

25

Advanced amateur astronomy: An effective link between science and the public in Greece  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advanced activities of two amateur organisations that provide informal education in astronomy, by filling a gap in the Greek educational curriculum and serving as an important link between science and the public are described.

Kleidis, S.; Matsopoulos, N.; Mylonas, A.

2008-06-01

26

Science Activities Manual K - 8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Tennessee at Martin provides hands-on science materials in order to "bring students physically and mentally into touch with the science they are studying." This website offers many lesson plans for grades kindergarten through eighth in various science fields including physics, meteorology, geology, oceanography, and space science. Students can learn about the process of scientific research from observing to analyzing and explaining the data they collected. The website also covers topics in societal perspectives of and the unifying concepts of science. Each module is well organized into appropriate sections so that instructors can easily implement the activities into their classrooms.

27

Science and Technology to Advance Regional Security in Central Asia  

SciTech Connect

This morning I will describe a program that we refer to as STARS, for Science and Technology to Advance Regional Security, in Central Asia. It is a program that is based on cooperative, bilateral and multilateral, science and technology projects. It is our premise that such cooperative projects provide an opportunity for engagement while addressing real problems that could otherwise lead to destabilizing tensions in the region. The STARS program directly supports USCENTCOM's activities and objectives in environmental security. In fact, we think that STARS is a great vehicle for implementing and amplifying USCENTCOM's environmental security objectives and activities. We are very grateful and very pleased to have General DeLong's support in this matter. I am going to briefly describe the program. I want to stress again that it is a cooperative program. We would like to get input, suggestions, and feedback from the Central Asians here today so we can move forward together.

Rosenberg, N

2002-07-05

28

Making Advanced Computer Science Topics More Accessible through Interactive Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Teaching advanced technical concepts in a computer science program to students of different technical backgrounds presents many challenges. The purpose of this paper is to present a detailed experimental pedagogy in teaching advanced computer science topics, such as computer networking, telecommunications and data structures using…

Shao, Kun; Maher, Peter

2012-01-01

29

Co-publication with Science and Technology of Advanced Materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a co-publication with Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. The bulk of the papers, after peer review, are published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series. However a selection of papers, are published separately in a special issue of Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.

2008-08-01

30

Fun Science Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Watch these videos and play the games to learn more about science! Learn about all sorts of structures like the layers of the earth, parts of a flower and the anatomy of a fish with Science Labeling. Discover how dinosaur parts helped it survive as you build your own dinosaur Build Your Own Caterpillar to live in different habitats Learn all about Bats with this fun website. Learn about gravity as you play ...

Lerdahl, Miss

2010-05-23

31

MIDAS: Advanced Remote Sensing for Planetary Science and Exploration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) is a revolutionary approach to planetary remote sensing. The integration of optical interferometric techniques and distributed aperture technology enables MIDAS to perform as a diffraction-limited, wide-field imaging spectrometer with simultaneous high spatial and spectral resolution. Here we describe the results of a science and technical feasibility study of MIDAS prototypes funded under the NASA High Capability Instrument Concepts and Technology (HCICT) program as a potential science payload for missions to the outer planets and their moons. Activities include testbed demonstrations in the lab during which the spatial and spectral capabilities of MIDAS-derived approaches have been explored, using both source imagery and materials relevant to outer planet environments. The high spatial resolution capabilities of MIDAS combined with nm spectral resolution will greatly advance our understanding of surface composition in terms of minerals, organics, volatiles, and their mixtures. Utilizing cm scale spatial resolution in the visible from a 100 km orbit, features such as crack movements and other indicators of tidal forcing could be resolved on the surface of Europa. At higher altitudes MIDAS engages in global, high resolution imaging spectroscopy with meter-scale resolution. Beyond traditional remote sensing, MIDAS is well suited to active techniques including remote Raman, Flourescence, and IR illumination investigations in order to resolve surface composition and explore otherwise dim regions. Other applications for MIDAS include remote sensing measurements on the Moon and Mars, where orders of magnitude advances beyond the resolutions of current data sets are possible.

Delory, G. T.; de Pater, I.; Manga, M.; Lipps, J.; Dalton, J.; Pitman, J.; UCB CIPS Collaboration; MIDAS Team

2005-12-01

32

Quia Science Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quia Corporation was founded in 1998 to improve education through Web-based technologies. This site contains a searchable collection of general science games and quizzes created by educators for students to play on the computer. The games consist of matching, flash cards, concentration (memory) and word searches. The subject matter is continually changing as this site is edited and updated. More tools are available with a subscription to Quia

33

Utah Science Activities, Update 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), a bureau of the U.S. Department of the Interior, serves the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life. The USGS has become a world leader in the natural sciences thanks to our scientific excellence and responsiveness to society's needs. This newsletter describes some of the current and recently completed USGS earth-science activities in Utah. As an unbiased, multi-disciplinary science organization that focuses on biology, geography, geology, and water, we are dedicated to the timely, relevant, and impartial study of the landscape, our natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten us. Learn more about our goals and priorities for the coming decade in the USGS Science Strategy at http://www.usgs.gov/science_strategy/ .

Utah Water Science Center

2010-01-01

34

Lincoln Advanced Science and Engineering Reinforcement (LASER) Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Lincoln University, under the Lincoln Advanced Science and Engineering Reinforcement (LASER) Program, has identified and successfully recruited over 100 students for majors in technical fields. To date, over 70 percent of these students have completed or ...

W. E. Williams

1989-01-01

35

Online Courses: Mississippi State University: Advanced Planetary Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Advanced Planetary Science Students provides teachers covers scientific theory regarding the birth and development of the universe and stellar evolution. The course consists of weekly assignments, classroom application projects, as well as a midterm and

1900-01-01

36

Activities Linking Science With Math, K-4  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Available April 2009. Science does not exist in a vacuum and, therefore, shouldn't be taught that way. In that spirit, Activities Linking Science with Mathematics, K-4 is a hands-on guide for preservice and inservice elementary school teachers who want to connect science instruction with other areas of study--including visual arts, social sciences, language arts, and especially math. The 20 discovery-based and academically rigorous activities provided in this volume enrich students' awareness of the world around them, encourage their natural curiosity, and promote the development of their problem-solving skills. The lessons--such as Digging Into Soil, Exploring the Mysteries of Fingerprints, and What Makes a Boat Float?--are teacher friendly, too, requiring no advanced expertise in any subject area and using only inexpensive and easily accessible materials. Each includes a list of needed materials, a step-by-step procedure, discussion questions, and assessment techniques. Activities align with the latest national standards for both science and math and cover topics from all scientific disciplines.

Eichinger, John

2009-05-15

37

The Advanced Study Program in Science: challenging, motivating and inspiring our best science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Advanced Study Program in Science is an enrichment program for science students at The University of Queensland (UQ) which targets highly motivated, high achieving students with an interest in research and a career in science. The program is coordinated across the full three years of the degree with the core aims of: • providing a cohort experience with a

Joanne Blanchfield; Elizabeth McGraw; Michael Bulmer; Ricarda Thier; Susan Hamilton; Robyn Evans

38

Advancing the Art of Simulation in the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advancing the state of the art of simulation in the social sciences requires appreciating the unique value of simulation as a third way of doing science, in contrast to both induction and deduction. Simulation can be an effective tool for discovering surprising consequences of simple assumptions. This essay offers advice for doing simulation research, focusing on the programming of a

Robert Axelrod

1997-01-01

39

Advanced Hindi Reader in the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This reader contains 25 selections in standard Hindi by recognized authorities in the major fields of social science; namely sociology, anthropology, folklore, economics, and political science. The writings, evenly divided both in content and style, are intended to give the reader a broad perspective of Indian culture. A 128-page Hindi-English…

Vatuk, Ved Prakash

40

FDA Science Forum: advancing public health.  

PubMed

You don't have to know the difference between a virus and a bacterium to benefit from the Food and Drug Administration's 2005 Science Forum, an annual event aimed at sharing the science behind the agency's regulatory decisions. PMID:16121417

Meadows, Michelle

41

U.S. Science Agencies and GEWEX: Working Together to Advance Climate Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There have been major developments in climate science during the past two decades, mainly as a result of expanding capabilities to observe and model the climate system. Through its research on the global energy and water cycle, the Global Energy and Water cycle EXperiment (GEWEX) - one of the core projects of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) - has been making significant contributions to these developments. Support from the United States through the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) water cycle activities have contributed substantially to the effectiveness and success of GEWEX. In return, GEWEX has advanced the use of satellite data for climate applications, contributed to the development of meteorological and hydrologic services and has facilitated the emergence of a number of new insights that have advanced climate science. This presentation provides an overview of the above contributions and outlines GEWEX plans to continue such research until 2012 and possibly beyond. In particular, the contributions of NASA to hydrological science and climate studies will be described in the presentation, as well as the role of NOAA in supporting research related to monsoons, climate modeling and land surface studies. The support of DOE in GEWEX cloud process studies will also be introduced. The contributions of the U.S. through the Hydrology Applications Project (HAP) to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) will also be outlined, including efforts to develop strategies for the application of GEWEX science to water resources through UNESCO International Hydrology Programme (IHP) networks. As this presentation will demonstrate, GEWEX continues to play a central role in addressing many of the water cycle issues being studied by the U.S. CCSP.

Lawford, R. G.; Sorooshian, S.

2007-12-01

42

Advancing the Science of mHealth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have the potential to greatly impact health research, health care, and health outcomes, but the exponential growth of the technology has outpaced the science. This article outlines two initiatives designed to enhance the science of mHealth. The mHealth Evidence Workshop used an expert panel to identify optimal methodological approaches for mHealth research. The NIH mHealth Training

Wendy Nilsen; Santosh Kumar; Albert Shar; Carrie Varoquiers; Tisha Wiley; William T. Riley; Misha Pavel; Audie A. Atienza

2012-01-01

43

Science Sampler: Anchor activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What's the best way to keep students occupied when they have finished their work? An Anchor Activity Learning Station provides high-interest, educational options for students who have finished with required class assignments, labs, or investigations. A list of ideas is included.

Corlett, Cindy

2003-03-01

44

Marine Science Activities, Grade Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This unit, one of a series designed to develop and foster an understanding of the marine environment, presents marine science activities for grade 6 students. The unit is divided into the following sections: (1) Pagoo (story of a hermit crab); (2) introduction to marine environments; (3) salt water environment; (4) sea water investigations; (5)…

Kolb, James A.

45

Marine Science Activities, Grade Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This unit, one of a series designed to develop and foster an understanding of the marine environment, presents marine science activities for second grade students. The unit, focusing on awareness of living/non-living factors shaping life of the sea, is divided into sections dealing with: physical characteristics of oceans; fish; sea anemone;…

Kolb, James A.

46

Advanced Food Science and Nutrition Reference Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed with input from personnel in the industries, this reference book complements the curriculum guide for a laboratory course on the significance of nutrition in food science. The reference book is organized into 25 chapters, each beginning with essential elements and objectives. Within the text, italicized, bold-faced vocabulary terms are…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

47

Advanced Food Science and Nutrition Reference Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed with input from personnel in the industries, this reference book complements the curriculum guide for a laboratory course on the significance of nutrition in food science. The reference book is organized into 25 chapters, each beginning with essential elements and objectives. Within the text, italicized, bold-faced vocabulary terms are…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

48

Advanced Light Source Activity Report 2002  

SciTech Connect

This annual report of the Advanced Light Source details science highlights and facility improvements during the year. It also offers information on events sponsored by the facility, technical specifications, and staff and publication information.

Duque, Theresa; Greiner, Annette; Moxon, Elizabeth; Robinson, Arthur; Tamura, Lori (Editors)

2003-06-12

49

Demonstration and Science Experiments (DSX): A Fundamental Science Research Mission Advancing Technologies that Enable MEO Spaceflight.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Air Force Research Laboratory has developed the Demonstration and Science Experiments (DSX) to research technologies needed to significantly advance the capability to operate spacecraft in the harsh radiation environment of medium-earth orbits (MEO). ...

A. Adler B. Dichter G. Ginet J. Schoenberg M. Xapsos

2006-01-01

50

The advancing art and science of endoscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flexible endoscopy continues to advance encompassing treatment of a variety of diseases traditionally managed surgically. This review describes and evaluates many of these new endoscopic approaches with an eye toward the future. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is now treated with several endoscopic, non-operative techniques. A procedure using radiofrequency energy delivered by a peroral catheter with small needles inserted into the wall

Gary C. Vitale; Brian R. Davis; Tin C. Tran

2005-01-01

51

Advances and challenges in computational plasma science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific simulation, which provides a natural bridge between theory and experiment, is an essential tool for understanding complex plasma behaviour. Recent advances in simulations of magnetically confined plasmas are reviewed in this paper, with illustrative examples, chosen from associated research areas such as microturbulence, magnetohydrodynamics and other topics. Progress has been stimulated, in particular, by the exponential growth of computer

W M Tang; V. S. Chan

2005-01-01

52

Advanced Photon Source Science Annual Report, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In my five years as the Director of the Advanced Photon Source (APS), I have been fortunate to see major growth in the scientific impact from the APS. This year I am particularly enthusiastic about prospects for our longer-term future. Every scientific in...

G. Decker G. Long J. M. Gibson M. Borland R. B. Fenner

2007-01-01

53

Lincoln Advanced Science and Engineering Reinforcement (LASER) program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lincoln University, under the Lincoln Advanced Science and Engineering Reinforcement (LASER) Program, has identified and successfully recruited over 100 students for majors in technical fields. To date, over 70 percent of these students have completed or will complete technical degrees in engineering, physics, chemistry, and computer science. Of those completing the undergraduate degree, over 40 percent have gone on to graduate and professional schools. This success is attributable to well planned approaches to student recruitment, training, personal motivation, retention, and program staff. Very closely coupled to the above factors is a focus designed to achieve excellence in program services and student performance. Future contributions by the LASER Program to the pool of technical minority graduates will have a significant impact. This is already evident from the success of the students that began the first year of the program. With program plans to refine many of the already successful techniques, follow-on activities are expected to make even greater contributions to the availability of technically trained minorities. For example, undergraduate research exposure, broadened summer, and co-op work experiences will be enhanced.

Williams, Willie E.

54

Adapting Advances in Remediation Science to Long-Term Surveillance  

SciTech Connect

Several facets of groundwater remediation stand to gain from the advances made during recent years in disciplines that contribute to remediation science. Engineered remedies designed to aggressively remove subsurface contamination should benefit from this progress, and more passive cleanup methods and the long-term monitoring of such passive approaches may benefit equally well if not more. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management (LM) has adopted a strategic plan that is designed to take advantage of technological improvements in the monitoring and assessment of both active and passive groundwater remedies. Flexible adaptation of new technologies, as they become available, to long-term surveillance at LM sites is expected to reduce site stewardship costs while ensuring the future protection of human health and the environment. Some of the technologies are expected to come from government initiatives that focus on the needs of subsurface monitoring. Additional progress in monitoring science will likely result from continual improvements in our understanding of contaminant fate-and-transport processes in groundwater and the vadose zone. (authors)

Peterson, D.M. [S.M. Stoller Corporation, 2597 B3/4 Road, Grand Junction, CO 81503 (United States)

2006-07-01

55

The Assessment of Project Work in Nuffield Advanced Biology and Nuffield Advanced Physical Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The range of assessments made by teachers of the performance of their students in the Nuffield Advanced Biology project and the Nuffield Advanced Physical Science project was subjected to a factor analysis. The analyses reveal only one major factor for each project. An analysis of pooled assessments confirmed the existence of these factors and revealed that they are different for

R. W. Fairbrother; J. R. L. Swain

1977-01-01

56

Applied Developmental Science: An Advanced Textbook. The SAGE Program on Applied Developmental Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course textbook has been adapted from the four-volume "Handbook of Applied Developmental Science" (SAGE 2003), a work that offers a detailed roadmap for action and research in ensuring positive child, youth, and family development. In 20 chapters, "Applied Developmental Science: An Advanced Textbook" brings together theory and application…

Lerner, Richard M., Ed.; Jacobs, Fraincine, Ed.; Wertlieb, Donald, Ed.

2005-01-01

57

Science Teaching and Learning Activities and Students' Engagement in Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this analysis is to describe the variation in students' reports of engagement in science across science teaching and learning activities. In addition, this study examines student and school characteristics that may be associated with students' levels of engagement in science. Data are drawn from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2006 study. The analysis employs a quantitative

Gillian Hampden-Thompson; Judith Bennett

2011-01-01

58

Advances and Challenges in Computational Plasma Science  

SciTech Connect

Scientific simulation, which provides a natural bridge between theory and experiment, is an essential tool for understanding complex plasma behavior. Recent advances in simulations of magnetically-confined plasmas are reviewed in this paper with illustrative examples chosen from associated research areas such as microturbulence, magnetohydrodynamics, and other topics. Progress has been stimulated in particular by the exponential growth of computer speed along with significant improvements in computer technology.

W.M. Tang; V.S. Chan

2005-01-03

59

How behavioral science can advance digital health.  

PubMed

The field of behavioral science has produced myriad data on health behavior change strategies and leveraged such data into effective human-delivered interventions to improve health. Unfortunately, the impact of traditional health behavior change interventions has been heavily constrained by patient and provider burden, limited ability to measure and intervene upon behavior in real time, variable adherence, low rates of implementation, and poor third-party coverage. Digital health technologies, including mobile phones, sensors, and online social networks, by being available in real time, are being explored as tools to increase our understanding of health behavior and to enhance the impact of behavioral interventions. The recent explosion of industry attention to the development of novel health technologies is exciting but has far outpaced research. This Special Section of Translational Behavioral Medicine, Smartphones, Sensors, and Social Networks: A New Age of Health Behavior Change features a collection of studies that leverage health technologies to measure, change, and/or understand health behavior. We propose five key areas in which behavioral science can improve the impact of digital health technologies on public health. First, research is needed to identify which health technologies actually impact behavior and health outcomes. Second, we need to understand how online social networks can be leveraged to impact health behavior on a large scale. Third, a team science approach is needed in the developmental process of health technologies. Fourth, behavioral scientists should identify how a balance can be struck between the fast pace of innovation and the much slower pace of research. Fifth, behavioral scientists have an integral role in informing the development of health technologies and facilitating the movement of health technologies into the healthcare system. PMID:24073178

Pagoto, Sherry; Bennett, Gary G

2013-09-01

60

International approaches to advancing biospecimen science.  

PubMed

Biospecimen quality is affected by a number of preanalytical factors that may or may not be obvious to the investigator. These factors are introduced through multiple biospecimen collection, processing, and storage procedures, which can differ dramatically within and between medical institutions and biorepositories. Biospecimen Science is the emerging field of study that is attempting to quantify and control such variability. A variety of efforts are under way around the world to establish research programs, evidence-based biospecimen protocols, and standards to improve the overall quality of biospecimens for research. PMID:21430299

Moore, Helen M; Compton, Carolyn C; Alper, Joseph; Vaught, Jimmie B

2011-03-23

61

Adapting Advances in Remediation Science to Long-Term Surveillance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several facets of groundwater remediation stand to gain from the advances made during recent years in disciplines that contribute to remediation science. Engineered remedies designed to aggressively remove subsurface contamination should benefit from this progress, and more passive cleanup methods and the long-term monitoring of such passive approaches may benefit equally well if not more. The U.S. Department of Energy

2006-01-01

62

Science and Technology Peer Review: Advanced Technology Development Program Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The science and technology (S&T) programs sponsored by the United States Department of the Navy (DoN) are divided into three major budget categories: 1) Basic Research (6.1) 2) Applied Research (6.2) 3) Advanced Technology Development (6.3) In 1999, DoN c...

R. N. Kostoff R. Miller R. Tshiteya

2003-01-01

63

Advanced Light Source Activity Report 1997/1998  

SciTech Connect

This Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Advanced Light Source (ALS) activity report for 1997/98 discusses the following topics: Introduction and Overview; Science Highlights; Facility Report; Special Events; ALS Advisory Panels 1997/98; ALS Staff 1997/98 and Facts and Figures for the year.

Greiner, Annette (ed.)

1999-03-01

64

Advancing Geospatial Technologies in Science and Social Science: A Case Study in Collaborative Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advancing Geospatial Skills in Science and Social Sciences (AGSSS) program, funded by NSF, provides middle and high school teacher-partners with access to graduate student scientists for classroom collaboration and curriculum adaptation to incorporate and advance skills in spatial thinking. AGSSS Fellows aid in the delivery of geospatially-enhanced activities utilizing technology such as geographic information systems, remote sensing, and virtual globes. The partnership also provides advanced professional development for both participating teachers and fellows. The AGSSS program is mutually beneficial to all parties involved. This successful collaboration of scientists, teachers, and students results in greater understanding and enthusiasm for the use of spatial thinking strategies and geospatial technologies. In addition, the partnership produces measurable improvements in student efficacy and attitudes toward processes of spatial thinking. The teacher partner training and classroom resources provided by AGSSS will continue the integration of geospatial activities into the curriculum after the project concludes. Time and resources are the main costs in implementing this partnership. Graduate fellows invest considerable time and energy, outside of academic responsibilities, to develop materials for the classroom. Fellows are required to be available during K-12 school hours, which necessitates forethought in scheduling other graduate duties. However, the benefits far outweigh the costs. Graduate fellows gain experience in working in classrooms. In exchange, students gain exposure to working scientists and their research. This affords graduate fellows the opportunity to hone their communication skills, and specifically allows them to address the issue of translating technical information for a novice audience. Teacher-partners and students benefit by having scientific expertise readily available. In summation, these experiences result in changes in teacher/student perceptions of science and scientists. Evidence of the aforementioned changes are provided through external evaluation and results obtained from several assessment tools. The program also utilizes an internal evaluator to monitor participants thoughts and opinions on the previous years' collaboration. Additionally, graduate fellows maintain a reflective journal to provide insight into experiences occurring both in-class and among peers. Finally, student surveys administered prior to and concluding the academic year assess changes in student attitudes and self-perception of spatial thinking skills.

Williams, N. A.; Morris, J. N.; Simms, M. L.; Metoyer, S.

2007-12-01

65

Nuclear data needs for advanced reactor systems. A NEA nuclear science committee initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Nuclear Science Committee has established an International Subgroup to perform an activity in order to develop a systematic approach to define data needs for Gen-IV and, in general, for advanced reactor systems. A methodology, based on sensitivity analysis has been agreed and representative core configurations for Sodium,

Massimo Salvatores; G. Aliberti; G. Palmiotti; D. Rochman; P. Oblozinsky; M. Hermann; P. Talou; T. Kawano; L. Leal; A. Koning; I. Kodeli; CEA Cadarache; NRG-Petten; NEA-Databank

2008-01-01

66

The nature of advanced reasoning and science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although the development of reasoning is recognized as an important goal of science instruction, its nature remains somewhat of a mystery. This article discusses two key questions: Does formal thought constitute a structured whole? And what role does propositional logic play in advanced reasoning? Aspects of a model of advanced reasoning are presented in which hypothesis generation and testing are viewed as central processes in intellectual development. It is argued that a number of important advanced reasoning schemata are linked by these processes and should be made a part of science instruction designed to improve students' reasoning abilities.Concerning students' development and use of formal reasoning, Linn (1982) calls for research into practical issues such as the roles of task-specific knowledge and individual differences in performance, roles not emphasized by Piaget in his theory and research. From a science teacher's point of view, this is good advice. Accordingly, this article will expand upon some of the issues raised by Linn in a discussion of the nature of advanced reasoning which attempts to reconcile the apparent contradiction between students' differential use of advanced reasoning schemata in varying contexts with the notion of a general stage of formal thought. Two key questions will be discussed: Does formal thought constitute a structured whole? And what role does propositional logic play in advanced reasoning? The underlying assumption of the present discussion is that, among other things, science instruction should concern itself with the improvement of students' reasoning abilities (cf. Arons, 1976; Arons & Karplus, 1976; Bady, 1979; Bauman, 1976; Educational Policies Commission, 1966; Herron, 1978; Karplus, 1979; Kohlberg & Mayer, 1972; Moshman & Thompson, 1981; Lawson, 1979; Levine & linn, 1977; Pallrand, 1977; Renner & Lawson, 1973; Sayre & Ball, 1975; Schneider & Renner, 1980; Wollman, 1978). The questions are of interest because to date they lack clear answers, yet clear answers are necessary if we hope to design effective instruction in reasoning.

Lawson, Anton E.

67

Converting Advances in Seismology into Earthquake Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Federal and state agencies and university groups all operate seismic networks in California. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) operates seismic networks in California in cooperation with the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in southern California, and the University of California (UC) at Berkeley in northern California. The California Geological Survey (CGS) and the USGS National Strong Motion Program (NSMP) operate dial-out strong motion instruments in the state, primarily to capture data from large earthquakes for earthquake engineering and, more recently, emergency response. The California Governor's Office of Emergency Services (OES) provides leadership for the most recent project, the California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN), to integrate all of the California efforts, and to take advantage of the emergency response capabilities of the seismic networks. The core members of the CISN are Caltech, UC Berkeley, CGS, USGS Menlo Park, and USGS Pasadena (http://www.cisn.org). New seismic instrumentation is in place across southern California, and significant progress has been made in improving instrumentation in northern California. Since 2001, these new field instrumentation efforts, data sharing, and software development for real-time reporting and archiving have been coordinated through the California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN). The CISN is also the California region of the Advanced National Seismic Network (ANSS). In addition, EarthScope deployments of USArray that will begin in early 2004 in California are coordinated with the CISN. The southern and northern California earthquake data centers (SCEDC and NCEDC) have new capabilities that enable seismologists to obtain large volumes of data with only modest effort.

Hauksson, Egill; Shearer, Peter; Vidale, John

2004-01-01

68

Special Advanced Course for Core Sciences to Bring Up Project Leaders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Special Advanced Course for Core Sciences has been introduced recently to Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, to bring up a project leader. The following points are key education goals in this program : (1) knowledge of core sciences, (2) communication ability by using English, and (3) wide viewpoints for researches. In order to accomplish these goals, several lectures for core sciences, patent systems and engineering ethics as well as long term internships by the collaboration with some regional companies have been put in practice. In this paper, we describe the outline of the program, educational effects, and our experiences. Then, we discuss how effective the program is for bringing up an engineer or a scientist who can lead sciences and technologies of their domains. This paper also describes current activities of the program.

Inagaki, Kenji; Tabata, Nobuhisa; Gofuku, Akio; Harada, Isao; Takada, Jun

69

Environmental Science Program at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Light Source (ALS) has a variety of capabilities that are applicable to very different types of environmental systems. Shown are the basic descriptions of four of the approximately 35 beam lines at the ALS. The complimentary capabilities of these four beam lines allow for investigations that range from a spatial scale of a few nanometers to several millimeters. The Environmental Science Program at the Advanced Light Source seeks to promote and assist environmental research, particularly on the four beam lines described in this report. Several short examples of the types of research conducted on these beam lines are also described.

Nico, Peter; A; Anastasio, Cort; Dodge, Cleveland; Fendorf, Scott; Francis, A.J.; Hubbard, Susan; Shuh, David; Tomutsa, Liviu; Tufano, Kate; Tyliszczak, Tolek; Werner, Michelle; Williams, Ken

2006-04-05

70

Advances in Parallel Electromagnetic Codes for Accelerator Science and Development  

SciTech Connect

Over a decade of concerted effort in code development for accelerator applications has resulted in a new set of electromagnetic codes which are based on higher-order finite elements for superior geometry fidelity and better solution accuracy. SLAC's ACE3P code suite is designed to harness the power of massively parallel computers to tackle large complex problems with the increased memory and solve them at greater speed. The US DOE supports the computational science R&D under the SciDAC project to improve the scalability of ACE3P, and provides the high performance computing resources needed for the applications. This paper summarizes the advances in the ACE3P set of codes, explains the capabilities of the modules, and presents results from selected applications covering a range of problems in accelerator science and development important to the Office of Science.

Ko, Kwok; Candel, Arno; Ge, Lixin; Kabel, Andreas; Lee, Rich; Li, Zenghai; Ng, Cho; Rawat, Vineet; Schussman, Greg; Xiao, Liling; /SLAC

2011-02-07

71

Advancing the application, quality and harmonization of implementation science measures  

PubMed Central

Background The field of implementation science (IS) encompasses a broad range of constructs and uses measures from a variety of disciplines. However, there has been little standardization of measures or agreement on definitions of constructs across different studies, fields, authors, or research groups. Methods We describe a collaborative, web-based activity using the United States National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Grid-Enabled Measures (GEM) portal that uses a wiki platform to focus discussion and engage the research community to enhance the quality and harmonization of measures for IS health-related research and practice. We present the history, process, and preliminary data from the GEM Dissemination & Implementation (D&I) Campaign on IS measurement. Results The GEM D&I Campaign has been ongoing for eight weeks as of this writing, and has used a combination of expert opinion and crowd-sourcing approaches. To date it has listed definitions for 45 constructs and summarized information on 120 measures. Usage of the website peaked at a rate of 124 views from 89 visitors on week seven. Users from seven countries have contributed measures and/or constructs, shared experience in using different measures, contributed comments, and identified research gaps and needs. Conclusion Thus far, this campaign has provided information about different IS measures, their associated characteristics, and comments. The next step is to rate these measures for quality and practicality. This resource and ongoing activity have potential to advance the quality and harmonization of IS measures and constructs, and we invite readers to contribute to the process.

2012-01-01

72

Energy Activities for Junior High Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is a collection of six energy education activities for junior high school science. Its purpose is to help promote knowledge about energy, provide laboratory experiences, provoke inquiry, and relate energy to society through the science curriculum. The six activities are designed to take one to three class periods. Two of the…

Beaver, David; And Others

73

Equal Educational Opportunity and Nondiscrimination for Girls in Advanced Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education: Federal Enforcement of Title IX. Equal Educational Opportunity Project Series, Volume V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the Office for Civil Rights' (OCR's) activities relating to Title IX and advanced mathematics, science, and technology education for girls. It examines some of the barriers and inequities that undermine girls' opportunities to choose college majors and enter careers in the advanced mathematics, science, and technology…

Aneckstein, Laura; Baird, Andrea; Butler, Margaret; Chambers, David; Johnson, Wanda; Kraus, Rebecca; Mann, Eric; Trost, Tami; Zalokar, Nadja; Zieseniss, Mireille

74

Science Process Skills in Hands-on Science Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study intended to give information about teachers' opinions on science process skills in hands-on activities. For this purpose, a qualitative case study was performed in two elementary schools, each of which is implementing different programs. The reason to select these schools was to understand whether the teachers' opinions on hands-on activities differ according to the curricula. This is the

Ela Ayse Koksal; Fulya Oner

75

Activity Sourcebook for Earth Science. Science Education Information Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to provide teachers of earth science with activities and information that will assist them in keeping their curricula up to date, this publication contains activities grouped into six chapters. Chapter titles are: (1) Weather and Climate, (2) Oceans, (3) The Earth and Its Surface, (4) Plate Tectonics, (5) Uses of Space Photography, and…

Mayer, Victor J., Ed.

76

American Association for the Advancement of Science Dialogue on Science, Ethics, and Religion: Evolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Dialogue on Science, Ethics, and Religion (DoSER) provides this Website offering "resources on the scientific content of evolutionary theory and its place in education; historical, philosophical, legal and religious perspectives on evolution; and commentary on current issues" (including the AAAS Board Statement on the Kansas State Board of Education decision). The site is organized into seven main sections: Current Issues, Educational Resources, Scientific Resources, Perspectives, Court Cases (including the "Balanced Treatment" Law), Historical Documents (by Darwin), and Epic of Evolution (essays from a forthcoming volume). Documents at the site reflect current thinking by the leading scholars in the field of evolution and provide historical context for evaluating current thinking. A careful collection of related links augments each section. For further information, see the Dialogue on Science, Ethics, and Religion (DoSER) homepage.

77

Books program continues to advance the geophysical sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AGU pursues an active and successful books publishing program that sustains the highest excellence in scientific values and reaches an ever-expanding audience worldwide. Recently, the Professional and Scholarly Publishing Division of the Association of American Publishers took note of AGU books by awarding Hawaiian Volcanoes: Deep Underwater Perspective, edited by Eiichi Takahashi et al., as the best book on geography and Earth sciences in 2002 during its annual awards ceremony in Washington, D.C. The award competition includes commercial, university, and society publishers.Another book published by AGU in 2002, Methane Hydrates in Quaternary Climate Change: The Clathrate Gun Hypothesis, by James Kennett et al., was recently lauded in Science as “arguably the most controversial Earth science book of the new millennium.”

Bougeret, Jean-Louis

78

Advanced Light Source Activity Report 2000  

SciTech Connect

This is an annual report, detailing activities at the Advanced Light Source for the year 2000. It includes highlights of scientific research by users of the facility as well as information about the development of the facility itself.

Greiner, A.; Moxon, L.; Robinson, A.; Tamura, L.

2001-04-01

79

Science Enabled by the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory is embarking on a major Upgrade that will significantly enhance capabilities for research using high brilliance, high energy synchrotron x-ray beams. The APS is a DOE Office of Science user facility that provides access to x-ray scattering, spectroscopy, and imaging instruments through an open, peer-reviewed proposal process. Currently 64 simultaneously operating beamlines are used by more than 4000 researchers each year across the full range of science and technology fields. The APS Upgrade project will provide major improvements to the x-ray sources as well as more than a dozen new or upgraded beamlines. Key areas of emphasis are using penetrating, high energy x-rays for atomic-scale studies of real materials in real time under real conditions, imaging of hierarchical structures on length scales from millimeters to nanometers, and ultrafast studies of chemical and physical processes on time scales down to picoseconds. I will illustrate the science enabled by the APS Upgrade using examples such as developing synthesis of new materials with outstanding properties and probing picosecond dynamics in energy conversion systems.

Stephenson, G. Brian

2012-02-01

80

Student Positioning within Groups During Science Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positioning theory was used in my interpretation of the social interactions between Year 6 children during science activities. By examining the unproductive journey taken by students in one female dyad as they interacted with students in both mixed-gender and same-gender groups, it was possible to consider how gender, status and power relations intersected during opportunities for science learning. In this

S. M. Ritchie

2002-01-01

81

Schoolyard Science: 101 Easy and Inexpensive Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With 101 easy and inexpensive activities to do on school grounds, "Schoolyard Science" can help students develop their observation and inquiry skills as well as an appreciation of their outdoor environment. Covering topics such as lower plants, gardens, insects and other invertebrates, energy, and Earth science, Thomas Lord and Holly Travis…

Lord, Thomas R.; Travis, Holly J.

2011-01-01

82

Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science, Annual Report: October 2000 through September 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) carries out basic research and technology development in computer science, in support of the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations missions. RIACS is located at the NASA Ames Research C...

B. M. Leiner

2001-01-01

83

Everyday science & science every day: Science-related talk & activities across settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To understand the development of science-related thinking, acting, and learning in middle childhood, I studied youth in schools, homes, and other neighborhood settings over a three-year period. The research goal was to analyze how multiple everyday experiences influence children's participation in science-related practices and their thinking about science and scientists. Ethnographic and interaction analysis methodologies were to study the cognition and social interactions of the children as they participated in activities with peers, family, and teachers (n=128). Interviews and participant self-documentation protocols elucidated the participants' understandings of science. An Everyday Expertise (Bell et al., 2006) theoretical framework was employed to study the development of science understandings on three analytical planes: individual learner, social groups, and societal/community resources. Findings came from a cross-case analysis of urban science learners and from two within-case analyses of girls' science-related practices as they transitioned from elementary to middle school. Results included: (1) children participated actively in science across settings---including in their homes as well as in schools, (2) children's interests in science were not always aligned to the school science content, pedagogy, or school structures for participation, yet children found ways to engage with science despite these differences through crafting multiple pathways into science, (3) urban parents were active supporters of STEM-related learning environments through brokering access to social and material resources, (4) the youth often found science in their daily activities that formal education did not make use of, and (5) children's involvement with science-related practices can be developed into design principles to reach youth in culturally relevant ways.

Zimmerman, Heather

84

Individualized Instruction in Science, Introductory Physical Science, Learning Activity Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning Activity Packages (LAP) mostly relating to the Introductory Physical Science Text are presented in this manual for use in sampling a new type of instruction. The total of 14 topics are incorporated into five units: (1) introduction to individualized learning; (2) observation versus interpretation; (3) quantity of matter; (4) introduction…

Kuczma, R. M.

85

Science Activities That Work: Perceptions of Primary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many primary school teachers in Australia tend to be reluctant to teach science, partly because they are not confident in science and have limited science background knowledge. However, quite a number of primary school teachers still manage to teach some science. When they plan to teach science, many of them use the term “science activities that work.” Such activities seem

Ken Appleton

2002-01-01

86

Near-Surface Geophysics: Advancing Earth Science Through Advances in Imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The near-surface of Earth (the top ~100 m) is the region that supports human infrastructure, provides water and mineral resources, and is the interface between solid Earth and atmosphere for many of the biogeochemical cycles that sustain life. Developing an understanding of the processes and properties that occur here is essential for advancing our understanding of many parts of the Earth system. Yet our ability to study, sample, or probe this zone is remarkably primitive. Many investigations rely on drilling, trenching, and direct sampling. But given the pervasive spatial heterogeneity of the region, such methods yield information that is inadequate in terms of the spatial extent and density of sampling. As a result, the Earth science community is turning to geophysical imaging. The area of research that is focused on developing and applying geophysical methods to study this region of Earth is referred to as near-surface geophysics. Near-surface geophysics, as an area of research, includes many types of research, and many types of researchers. Some researchers are drawn to near-surface geophysics due to an interest in specific properties, processes, or applications, which can range from applied to basic science. As examples, near-surface geophysical methods are used for resource exploration and extraction, for the characterization of contaminated sites, for the assessment and design of built infrastructure; and to address scientific questions in neotectonics, volcanology, glaciology, hydrology, sedimentology, archaeology, geochemistry and biogeochemistry. Other researchers are drawn to near-surface geophysics due to an interest in the science of imaging as the driving scientific question. Advances in imaging require investigating the ways in which physical sensors can (or cannot) capture the complexity of a natural system, determining how best to quantify and enhance the spatial and temporal resolution of a measurement, developing new methods for the inversion of geophysical data to obtain an Earth image, and finding ways to transform that image to reveal new information about processes and properties. Near-surface geophysics brings together the science of imaging with the science of Earth; so challenges us to move forward in an integrated way to advance both imaging methods and Earth science.

Knight, R.

2006-05-01

87

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

88

Recent advances of fluorous chemistry in material sciences.  

PubMed

In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in exploiting fluorous derivatives/moieties for applications that are not only related to reaction mixture purification issues and catalyst recycling, but to confer unique/improved properties to materials. Herein we will focus on the recent advances of fluorous chemistry in material sciences, with special emphasis on applications in organic electronics, crystals/metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) engineering and surface modification chemistry, in particular SiO(2) surfaces. By selecting major contributions in these areas, we wish to highlight the benefits imparted by the introduction of fluorous tags within/onto materials, such as favouring the self-organisation of charge-carrier compounds in bulk heterojunctions, improving the hydrophobicity and/or stability of coordination polymer networks, facilitating solid-state structural rearrangement of large magnitude within crystals or the modification of surfaces through adsorption processes. PMID:23057071

Vincent, Jean-Marc

2012-10-11

89

Science Activities in Energy: Wind Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this science activities energy package are 12 activities related to wind energy for elementary students. Each activity is outlined on a single card and is introduced by a question. Topics include: (1) At what time of day is there enough wind to make electricity where you live?; (2) Where is the windiest spot on your schoolground?; and…

Oak Ridge Associated Universities, TN.

90

Selected Science Activities in Consumer Decision Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication has been designed for use by teachers wishing to incorporate consumer education activities into their science program. Each activity is classified by grade level most appropriate for use, area of consumer education involved, specific topic, and consumer education concept involved. Activities are designated as suitable for grades…

Sagness, Richard L.; Sagness, Rebecca L.

91

Selected Science Activities in Consumer Decision Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication has been designed for use by teachers wishing to incorporate consumer education activities into their science program. Each activity is classified by grade level most appropriate for use, area of consumer education involved, specific topic, and consumer education concept involved. Activities are designated as suitable for grades…

Sagness, Richard L.; Sagness, Rebecca L.

92

Advanced Placement Economics. Macroeconomics: Student Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to help advanced placement students better understand macroeconomic concepts through various activities. The book contains 6 units with 64 activities, sample multiple-choice questions, sample short essay questions, and sample long essay questions. The units are entitled: (1) "Basic Economic Concepts"; (2) "Measuring Economic…

Morton, John S.

93

Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Advances in Science, Techniques, and Outcomes  

PubMed Central

More than 25% of children survive to hospital discharge after in-hospital cardiac arrests, and 5% to 10% survive after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. This review of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation addresses the epidemiology of pediatric cardiac arrests, mechanisms of coronary blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the 4 phases of cardiac arrest resuscitation, appropriate interventions during each phase, special resuscitation circumstances, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The key elements of pathophysiology that impact and match the timing, intensity, duration, and variability of the hypoxic-ischemic insult to evidence-based interventions are reviewed. Exciting discoveries in basic and applied-science laboratories are now relevant for specific subpopulations of pediatric cardiac arrest victims and circumstances (eg, ventricular fibrillation, neonates, congenital heart disease, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Improving the quality of interventions is increasingly recognized as a key factor for improving outcomes. Evolving training strategies include simulation training, just-in-time and just-in-place training, and crisis-team training. The difficult issue of when to discontinue resuscitative efforts is addressed. Outcomes from pediatric cardiac arrests are improving. Advances in resuscitation science and state-of-the-art implementation techniques provide the opportunity for further improvement in outcomes among children after cardiac arrest.

Topjian, Alexis A.; Berg, Robert A.; Nadkarni, Vinay M.

2009-01-01

94

Activities Linking Science With Math, 5-8  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Available May 2009. Science does not exist in a vacuum and, therefore, shouldn't be taught that way. In that spirit, Activities Linking Science with Mathematics, 5-8 is a hands-on guide for preservice and inservice elementary and middle school teachers who want to connect science instruction with other areas of study--including visual arts, social sciences, language arts, and especially math. The 20 discovery-based and academically rigorous activities provided in this volume enrich students' awareness of the world around them, encourage their natural curiosity, and promote the development of their problem-solving skills. The lessons--such as Studies in Symmetry, The Tower Challenge, and Determining the Size and Shape of the Blind Spot--are teacher friendly, too, requiring no advanced expertise in any subject area and using only inexpensive and easily accessible materials. Each includes a list of needed materials, a step-by-step procedure, discussion questions, and assessment techniques. Activities align with the latest national standards for both science and math and cover topics from all scientific disciplines.

Eichinger, John

2009-05-30

95

Advanced Mathematics Preparation for Graduate School of Undergraduate Science and Engineering Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficulty of inspiring spring-semester senior science and engineering students to take another elective advanced mathematics course is well known. Mathematical Physics taught from a text such as Mathematical Methods for Physicists by George B. Arfken and Hans J. Weber has a particularly bad reputation among undergraduates. But any graduate science or engineering student, who realizes the value of advanced

Kenneth E. Siegenthaler

96

Institutional Advancement and Public Engagement in the STEM and Health Science Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's resource-scarce environment, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) and health science disciplines must partner with institutional advancement offices to support two key components of research universities--research and graduate education. Framing the partnership in terms of societal needs helps advancement officers to…

Bloomfield, Victor A.; Kuhl, Michelle Wittcoff

2007-01-01

97

Institutionalization and Sustainability of the National Science Foundation's Advanced Technological Education Program. CCRC Brief. Number 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the 1992 Scientific and Advanced Technology Act (SATA), the National Science Foundation (NSF) initiated the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program to promote systemic reform of the nation's science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The Act gave community colleges the central role for the…

Bailey, Thomas R.; Matsuzuka, Yukari; Jacobs, James; Morest, Vanessa Smith; Hughes, Katherine L.

2004-01-01

98

Science Policy Considerations: British Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting. Held in Oxford (England) on September 5-9, 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report consists of the following papers presented at the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science: Science funding - what kind of steady state; Establishing research priorities in the social sciences; Managing British s...

D. Noble D. Hague J. Ziman N. Gardner

1988-01-01

99

Atmospheric Sciences Competency Activity Plans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of activities covers such topics as the greenhouse effect, the stratospheric ozone layer, filtration of incoming electromagnetic radiation, the formation of clouds, and measurement skills.

100

Can Piaget Cook? Science Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a number of learning activities using food. Each lesson contains stated objectives and suggestions for extended activities that could be useful to the classroom teacher. The first two chapters discuss what Jean Piaget proffered about young children and the ways in which they learn and how to organize learning through food…

Christenberry, Mary Anne; Stevens, Barbara C.

101

An advanced physical model of cometary activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the present state of an advanced physical model aimed at the simulation of the environment of active cometary nuclei. The model can handle the complicated shapes of real cometary nuclei, and is ready to handle alternative assumptions concerning the nucleus composition and structure; its present version is based on the simple, but hitherto highly successful, Whipple (1950) paradigm:

A. V. Rodionov; J.-F. Crifo; K. Szego; J. Lagerros; M. Fulle

2002-01-01

102

Active Review Sessions Can Advance Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traditional review sessions are intended to help students learn and prepare for upcoming exams. Most sessions are passive question and answer sessions that look backward at content deficits rather than advancing student learning. By incorporating active and cooperative learning approaches during a review session, students are able to recognize…

Favero, Terence G.

2011-01-01

103

The Advanced Technology Solar Telescope: Science Drivers and Construction Status  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 4-meter Advance Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) currently under construction on the 3000 meter peak of Haleakala on Maui, Hawaii will be the world's most powerful solar telescope and the leading ground-based resource for studying solar magnetism. The solar atmosphere is permeated by a 'magnetic carpet' that constantly reweaves itself to control solar irradiance and its effects on Earth's climate, the solar wind, and space weather phenomena such as flares and coronal mass ejections. Precise measurement of solar magnetic fields requires a large-aperture solar telescope capable of resolving a few tens of kilometers on the solar surface. With its 4 meter aperture, the ATST will for the first time resolve magnetic structure at the intrinsic scales of plasma convection and turbulence. The ATST's ability to perform accurate and precise spectroscopic and polarimetric measurements of magnetic fields in all layers of the solar atmosphere, including accurate mapping of the elusive coronal magnetic fields, will be transformative in advancing our understanding of the magnetic solar atmosphere. The ATST will utilize the Sun as an important astro- and plasma-physics "laboratory" demonstrating key aspects of omnipresent cosmic magnetic fields. The ATST construction effort is led by the US National Solar Observatory. State-of-the-art instrumentation will be constructed by US and international partner institutions. The technical challenges the ATST is facing are numerous and include the design of the off-axis main telescope, the development of a high order adaptive optics system that delivers a corrected beam to the instrument laboratory, effective handling of the solar heat load on optical and structural elements, and minimizing scattered light to enable observations of the faint corona. The ATST project has transitioned from design and development to its construction phase. The project has awarded design and fabrication contracts for major telescope subsystems. Site construction has commenced following the successful conclusion of the site permitting process. Science goals and construction status of telescope and instrument systems will be discussed.

Rimmele, Thomas; Berger, Thomas; McMullin, Joseph; Keil, Stephen; Goode, Phil; Knoelker, Michael; Kuhn, Jeff; Rosner, Robert; Casini, Roberto; Lin, Haosheng; Woeger, Friedrich; von der Luehe, Oskar; Tritschler, Alexandra; Atst Team

2013-04-01

104

Active review sessions can advance student learning.  

PubMed

Traditional review sessions are intended to help students learn and prepare for upcoming exams. Most sessions are passive question and answer sessions that look backward at content deficits rather than advancing student learning. By incorporating active and cooperative learning approaches during a review session, students are able to recognize critical concepts and better prepare for physiological problem solving. Active review sessions help students prioritize the knowledge and develop the thinking skills will be required of them on the exam. PMID:21908831

Favero, Terence G

2011-09-01

105

Science Activities in Energy: Solar Energy II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this science activities energy package are 14 activities related to solar energy for secondary students. Each activity is outlined on a single card and is introduced by a question such as: (1) how much solar heat comes from the sun? or (2) how many times do you have to run water through a flat-plate collector to get a 10 degree rise…

Oak Ridge Associated Universities, TN.

106

An Advanced Tokamak Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF-AT)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Fusion Development Facility (FDF) is a candidate for FNSF-AT. It is a compact steady-state machine of moderate gain that uses AT physics to provide the neutron fluence required for fusion nuclear science development. FDF is conceived as a double-null plasma with high elongation and triangularity, predicted to allow good confinement of high plasma pressure. Steady-state is achieved with high bootstrap current and radio frequency current drive. Neutral beam injection and 3D non-resonant magnetic field can provide edge plasma rotation for stabilization of MHD and access to Quiescent H-mode. The estimated power exhaust is somewhat lower than that of ITER because of higher core radiation and stronger tilting of the divertor plates. FDF is capable of further developing all elements of AT physics, qualifying them for an advanced performance DEMO. The latest concept has accounted for realistic neutron shielding and divertor implementation. Self-consistent evolution of the transport profiles and equilibrium will quantify the stability and confinement required to meet the FNS mission.

Chan, V. S.; Garofalo, A. M.; Stambaugh, R. D.

2010-11-01

107

Ultrafast x-ray science at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

Our scientific understanding of the static or time-averaged structure of condensed matter on the atomic scale has been dramatically advanced by direct structural measurements using x-ray techniques and modern synchrotron sources. Of course the structure of condensed matter is not static, and to understanding the behavior of condensed matter at the most fundamental level requires structural measurements on the time scale on which atoms move. The evolution of condensed-matter structure, via the making and breaking of chemical bonds and the rearrangement of atoms, occurs on the fundamental time scale of a vibrational period, {approx}100 fs. Atomic motion and structural dynamics on this time scale ultimately determine the course of phase transitions in solids, the kinetic pathways of chemical reactions, and even the efficiency and function of biological processes. The integration of x-ray measurement techniques, a high-brightness femtosecond x-ray source, femtosecond lasers, and stroboscopic pump-probe techniques will provide the unique capability to address fundamental scientific questions in solid-state physics, chemistry, AMO physics, and biology involving structural dynamics. In this paper, we review recent work in ultrafast x-ray science at the ALS including time-resolved diffraction measurements and efforts to develop dedicated beamlines for femtosecond x-ray experiments.

Schoenlein, R.W.; Chin, A.H.; Chong, H.H.W.; Falcone, R.W.; Glover, T.E.; Heimann, P.A.; Johnson, S.L.; Lindenberg, A.M.; Shank, C.V.; Zholents, A.A.; Zolotorev, M.S.

2000-11-25

108

The 159th national meeting of the American Association for the advancement of science  

SciTech Connect

This volume is the program/abstracts for the 1993 national meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The meeting was held in Boston from 11-16 February 1993. Symposia dealt with works on the following topics; perspectives on human genetics; confronting AIDS; biology, cells bugs; medical research society; social psychology neuroscience; future chemistry, from carbon to silicon; measuring the matter energy of the universe; earth's ever-changing atmosphere; causing coping with environmental change; agricultural biotechnology, plant protection production; science corporate enterprise; examining reforming the economic system; science, ethics the law; communicating science to the public; information technology the changing face of science; mathematics, concepts computations; international cooperation human survival; science for everyone; science religion, examining both; anthropology, dynamics of human history; international science issues; improving formal science education; and science education reform in America. Separate abstracts have been prepared for articles from this volume.

Not Available

1993-01-01

109

Sample classroom activities based on climate science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present several activities developed for the middle school education based on a climate science. The first activity was designed to teach about the ocean acidification. A simple experiment can prove that absorption of CO2 in water increases its acidity. A liquid pH indicator is suitable for the demonstration in a classroom. The second activity uses data containing coordinates of a hurricane position. Pupils draw a path of a hurricane eye in a tracking chart (map of the Atlantic ocean). They calculate an average speed of the hurricane, investigate its direction and intensity development. The third activity uses pictures of the Arctic ocean on September when ice extend is usually the lowest. Students measure the ice extend for several years using a square grid printed on a plastic foil. Then they plot a graph and discuss the results. All these activities can be used to improve the natural science education and increase the climate change literacy.

Miler, T.

2009-09-01

110

Exploring Connections Between Earth Science and Biology - Interdisciplinary Science Activities for Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

To increase teaching of Earth science in schools, and to reflect the interdisciplinary nature and interrelatedness of science disciplines in today's world, we are exploring opportunities for linking Earth science and Biology through engaging and innovative hands-on science activities for the classroom. Through the NSERC-funded Pacific CRYSTAL project based at the University of Victoria, scientists, science educators, and teachers at

E. Vd Flier-Keller; C. Carolsfeld; T. Bullard

2009-01-01

111

474 Science Activities for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book uses a child-initiated, whole language approach to help children have fun while exploring the world of science. The activities are divided into 23 units. Each unit begins with an "Attention Getter," the purpose of which is to introduce the unit to children in a way that grabs their attention, stimulates their interest, and creates…

Green, Moira D.

112

474 Science Activities for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book uses a child-initiated, whole language approach to help children have fun while exploring the world of science. The activities are divided into 23 units. Each unit begins with an "Attention Getter," the purpose of which is to introduce the unit to children in a way that grabs their attention, stimulates their interest, and creates…

Green, Moira D.

113

Advancing the frontiers of soil science towards a geoscience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The visions, directions, and images of soil science are changing. Historically, soil science has followed a circuitous path in its evolution from a discipline with foundational roots in geology, to an applied agricultural and environmental discipline, and now to a bio- and geo-science through the Earth's Critical Zone investigations. This closes the loop or spiral, but along the way, soil

Larry P. Wilding; Henry Lin

2006-01-01

114

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The board considers technical and policy issues pertaining to computer science, telecommunications, and associated technologies. Functions of the board include the following: providing a base of expertise for these fields in NRC, monitoring and promoting health of these fields, initiating studies of these fields as critical resources and sources of national economic strength, responding to requests for advice, and fostering interaction among the technologies and the other pure and applied science and technology. This document describes its major accomplishments, current programs, other sponsored activities, cooperative ventures, and plans and prospects.

Blumenthal, M. S.

1993-02-01

115

Advanced Resources for Catalysis Science; Recommendations for a National Catalysis Research Institute  

SciTech Connect

Catalysis is one of the most valuable contributors to our economy and historically an area where the United States has enjoyed, but is now losing, international leadership. While other countries are stepping up their work in this area, support for advanced catalysis research and development in the U.S. has diminished. Yet, more than ever, innovative and improved catalyst technologies are imperative for new energy production processes to ease our dependence on imported resources, for new energy-efficient and environmentally benign chemical production processes, and for new emission reduction technologies to minimize the environmental impact of an active and growing economy. Addressing growing concerns about the future direction of U.S. catalysis science, experts from the catalysis community met at a workshop to determine and recommend advanced resources needed to address the grand challenges for catalysis research and development. The workshop's primary conclusion: To recapture our position as the leader in catalysis innovation and practice, and promote crucial breakthroughs, the U.S. must establish one or more well-funded and well-equipped National Catalysis Research Institutes competitively selected, centered in the national laboratories and, by charter, networked to other national laboratories, universities, and industry. The Institute(s) will be the center of a national collaboratory that gives catalysis researchers access to the most advanced techniques available in the scientific enterprise. The importance of catalysis to our energy, economic, and environmental security cannot be overemphasized. Catalysis is a vital part of our core industrial infrastructure, as it is integral to chemical processing and petroleum refining, and is critical to proposed advances needed to secure a sustainable energy future. Advances in catalysis could reduce our need for foreign oil by making better use of domestic carbon resources, for example, allowing cost-effective and zero emission conversion of coal into transportation fuels. No matter what energy sources are being considered (oil, natural gas, coal, biomass, solar, or nuclear based), a clean, sustainable energy future will involve catalysis to improve energy efficiency and storage and use options, and to mitigate environmental impacts. Recent revolutionary advances in nanotechnology and high-performance computing are enabling the breakthroughs in catalysis science and technology essential for a secure energy future. Thus, the time is right for substantially increased investments in catalysis science and technology.

Peden, Charles HF.; Ray, Douglas

2005-10-05

116

Invitations to the Matter-Energy Cycle. Teacher-Friendly Science Activities with Reproducible Handouts in English and Spanish. Grades 3-5. Living Things Science Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet, one of six in the Living Things Science series, presents activities about matter and energy which address basic "Benchmarks" suggested by the American Association for the Advancement of Science for the Living Environment for grades 3-5. Contents include background information, vocabulary (in English and Spanish), materials,…

Camp, Carole Ann, Ed.

117

Invitations to Cells: Life's Building Blocks. Teacher-Friendly Science Activities with Reproducible Handouts in English and Spanish. Grades 3-5. Living Things Science Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet, one of six in the Living Things Science series, presents activities about cells which address basic "Benchmarks" suggested by the American Association for the Advancement of Science for the Living Environment for grades 3-5. Contents include background information, vocabulary (in English and Spanish), materials, procedures,…

Camp, Carole Ann, Ed.

118

Invitations to Interdependence: Caught in the Web. Teacher-Friendly Science Activities with Reproducible Handouts in English and Spanish. Grades 3-5. Living Things Science Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet, one of six in the Living Things Science series, presents activities about ecosystems which address basic "Benchmarks" suggested by the American Association for the Advancement of Science for the Living Environment for grades 3-5. Contents include background information, vocabulary (in English and Spanish), materials, procedures,…

Camp, Carole Ann, Ed.

119

Advances in Magnetic Fusion Science and the ITER Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The last decade has seen dramatic advances in the scientific understanding of magnetically-confined high-temperature plasmas for fusion energy, due to advances in plasma measurement techniques and parallel computing. The understanding of the global stability of plasmas has advanced to the point where detailed measurements of pressure and current allow accurate prediction of stability against rapidly growing

R. J. Goldston

2005-01-01

120

Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01

121

A Strategic Action Plan for Advancing Math and Science Education in New Mexico 2007-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Strategic Action Plan for Advancing Math and Science Education is an initial outline of strategies, actions, measures of progress, resources needed, timelines, and responsible parties. The Plan focuses on these three main goals: (1) increasing student interest, participation, and achievement in math and science; (2) raising public support and…

New Mexico Public Education Department, 2007

2007-01-01

122

Institutionalization and Sustainability of the National Science Foundation's Advanced Technological Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document reports on a study conducted by the National Science Foundation (NSF) that examines the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program. ATE aims to promote systemic reform of the nation's science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The study analyzed the influence of the ATE program on the nature of STEM…

Bailey, Thomas R.; Matsuzuka, Yukari; Jacobs, James; Morest, Vanessa Smith; Hughes, Katherine L.

123

Advanced information technology support for life sciences research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The revolution in life sciences research brought about by the sequencing of the human genome creates new challenges for scientists and new opportunities for computing support organizations. This may involve significant shifts in computing support strategies, particularly as regards interacting with life sciences researchers who maintain a medical practice. This paper describes Indiana University's experience in a large-scale initiative in

Craig A. Stewart; David Hart; Anurag Shankar; Eric A. Wernert; Richard Repasky; Mary Papakhian; Andrew D. Arenson; Gerry Bernbom

2003-01-01

124

Planetary Science Advances with the International X-ray Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

X-ray studies of planetary systems are beginning to provide important insights inaccessible at other wavelengths. In our Solar System, charge exchange emission from solar particles is faint and variable with complex spectra, a situation well-matched to the planned International X-ray Observatory's high-throughput and high spectral resolution. Solar-type stars universally exhibit enhanced magnetic activity during their youth so that X-ray studies reveal the high-energy inputs to protoplanetary disks and planetary atmospheres. It is possible that X-ray illumination is a critical regulator to the formation of planets. This paper is based on the report of the Con-X ``Solar System, Planet Formation and Evolution'' Science Panel. (1) X-ray irradiation of protoplanetary disks can be probed with the 6.4 keV iron fluorescent line. Seen in a handful of protostars with Chandra and XMM, IXO will survey the line in hundreds of young stellar systems and will quantify the 10-30 keV emission stellar emission that can penetrate deep into the disk. In a few cases, X-ray `superflares' will permit disk reverberation mapping. Combined with infrared and submillimeter studies, IXO will establish the importance of X-ray illumination on protoplanetary disk physics and chemistry. (2) Planetary atmospheres show rapidly varying X-ray components from charge exchange of heavy solar wind ions, electron bremsstrahlung continuum from ion-neutral interactions, and scattering and fluorescence of solar X-ray emission. IXO will produce a movie of these effects in Jupiter as the planet rotates and responds to solar flare/CME events. IXO study of the remarkable Martian X-ray exosphere will constrain the evaporation of planetary atmospheres. Three additional science programs are outlined: study of charge exchange processes in cometary comae; spectroscopy of diffuse heliospheric charge exchange X-rays previously attributed to the hot local interstellar medium; and measurements of flaring in stars hosting extrasolar planets in the Habitable Zone to evaluate atmospheric evaporation.

Feigelson, Eric; Elsner, R.; Glassgold, A.; Guedel, M.; Montmerle, T.; Wargelin, B.; Wolk, S.

2009-01-01

125

Innovations in Science and Mathematics Education: Advanced Designs for Technologies of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of essays consists of current work that addresses the challenge not just to put the newest technologies in schools, but to identify advanced ways to design and use these new technologies to advance learning. These essays are intended for science and mathematics educators, educational and cognitive researchers, instructional…

Jacobson, Michael J., Ed.; Kozma, Robert B., Ed.

126

Earth Institute at Columbia University ADVANCE Program: Addressing Needs for Women in Earth and Environmental Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Earth Institute has received a major NSF ADVANCE grant targeted at increasing the participation and advancement of women scientists and engineers in the Academy through institutional transformation. The Earth Institute at Columbia University includes 9 research institutes including Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Center for Environmental Research and Conservation (CERC), Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), International Research Institute

R. E. Bell; M. Cane; J. Mutter; R. Miller; S. Pfirman; J. Laird

2004-01-01

127

Recruitment, Advancement and Retention of Women in the Physical Sciences at U.C. Irvine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategies for the recruitment, retention and advancement of women in the physical sciences at U.C. Irvine are presented. The NSF-funded ADVANCE Program has implemented several new initiatives. Among these are new requirements for recruitment committees, participation by school equity advisors, personalized mentoring programs and establishment of senior chairs. Progress towards our goals are reviewed and evaluated. Issues such as dual

E. R. Druffel; T. Smecker-Hane; P. Kehoe; S. V. Bryant

2004-01-01

128

Advanced Technologies and Data Management Practices in Environmental Science: Lessons from Academia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Environmental scientists are increasing their capitalization on advancements in technology, computation, and data management. However, the extent of that capitalization is unknown. We analyzed the survey responses of 434 graduate students to evaluate the understanding and use of such advances in the environmental sciences. Two-thirds of the…

Hernandez, Rebecca R.; Mayernik, Matthew S.; Murphy-Mariscal, Michelle L.; Allen, Michael F.

2012-01-01

129

Advanced Computational Materials Science: Application to Fusion and Generation IV Fission Reactors (Workshop Report)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ''Workshop on Advanced Computational Materials Science: Application to Fusion and Generation IV Fission Reactors'' was convened to determine the degree to which an increased effort in modeling and simulation could help bridge the gap between the data that is needed to support the implementation of these advanced nuclear technologies and the data that can be obtained in available experimental

Stoller

2004-01-01

130

The effect of inquiry science activity in educational productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a study the effect of inquiry science activity on the science achievement of junior high school students. Since the post-sputnik curriculum improvement project, science educators have supported the effect of inquiry activities. In terms of the effect of laboratory activity, however, the literature review indicated that the controlled experimental studies have failed to present the effect of laboratory

Kinya Shimizu

1998-01-01

131

Science Activities for Children 3 to 9 Years Old.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Activities in the life and physical sciences are provided (in separate sections) for preschool and elementary school students. Life science activities include those related to plants, soil, habitats, fossils, animals, life cycles, food chains, nutrition, and other biologically-oriented topics. Physical science activities include those related to…

Nelson, Bonnie E.

132

Education in nuclear science at IPEN - CNEN, São Paulo, Brazil: Advanced School of Nuclear Energy—EAEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

EAEN (Advanced School of Nuclear Energy, 2010) is an annual school that consists of a week of activities in the area of Nuclear\\u000a Physics, Radiochemistry and uses of Nuclear Energy for a public made of high school students. The EAEN project represents a pioneering program on science education and dissemination of knowledge, conducted\\u000a by researchers and focused mainly on high

R. Semmler; M. G. M. Catharino; M. B. A. Vasconcellos

133

Plasma Science Advancing Knowledge in the National Interest.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Plasma science is on the cusp of a new era. It is poised to make significant breakthroughs in the next decade that will transform the field. For example, the international magnetic fusion experiment more exactly, the International Thermonuclear Experiment...

2007-01-01

134

Muon Application to Advanced Bio- and Nano-Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Among present and future applications of the muon to various fields of sciences, there are several examples where research accomplishments can only be done by using muons. Here we would like to explain the selected two examples representing bio- and nano-sciences, namely, muon spin imaging of human brain for new brain function studies and muonium spin-exchange scattering spectroscopy for the development of spintronics materials.

Nagamine, Kanetada [Muon Science Laboratory, KEK, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0081 (Japan); Atomic Physics Laboratory, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA92521 (United States)

2008-02-21

135

Advancing Psychology as a Bio-behavioral Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concerns for the integrity of psychology as an independent discipline have caused some psychologists to object to introducing\\u000a any knowledge from the biological sciences into the training of psychologists. However, calls for the greater incorporation\\u000a of the behavioral sciences in medical education, increased attention to research on the mechanisms of bio-behavioral interaction,\\u000a and initiatives in translational medical research and clinical

John E. Carr

2008-01-01

136

Advances in astronomy (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 27 February 2013)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A scientific session of the Division of Physical Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), entitled "Advances in Astronomy" was held on 27 February 2013 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The following reports were put on the session agenda posted on the website http://www.gpad.ac.ru of the RAS Physical Sciences Division: (1) Chernin A D (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow) "Dark energy in the local Universe: HST data, nonlinear theory, and computer simulations"; (2) Gnedin Yu N (Main (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory, RAS, St. Petersburg) "A new method of supermassive black hole studies based on polarimetric observations of active galactic nuclei"; (3) Efremov Yu N (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow) "Our Galaxy: grand design and moderately active nucleus"; (4) Gilfanov M R (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow) "X-ray binaries, star formation, and type-Ia supernova progenitors"; (5) Balega Yu Yu (Special Astrophysical Observatory, RAS, Nizhnii Arkhyz, Karachaevo-Cherkessia Republic) "The nearest 'star factory' in the Orion Nebula"; (6) Bisikalo D V (Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) "Atmospheres of giant exoplanets"; (7) Korablev O I (Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow) "Spectroscopy of the atmospheres of Venus and Mars: new methods and new results"; (8) Ipatov A V (Institute of Applied Astronomy, RAS, St. Petersburg) "A new-generation radio interferometer for fundamental and applied research". Summaries of the papers based on reports 1, 2, 4, 7, 8 are given below. • Dark energy in the nearby Universe: HST data, nonlinear theory, and computer simulations, A D Chernin Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 7, Pages 704–709 • Investigating supermassive black holes: a new method based on the polarimetric observations of active galactic nuclei, Yu N Gnedin Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 7, Pages 709–714 • X-ray binaries and star formation, M R Gil'fanov Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 7, Pages 714–722 • Space-based spectroscopy of Mars: new methods and new results, O I Korablev Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 7, Pages 722–729 • A new-generation interferometer for fundamental and applied research, A V Ipatov Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 7, Pages 729–737

2013-07-01

137

Advancing Earth System Science Literacy and Preparing the Future Geoscience Workforce Through Strategic Investments at the National Science Foundation (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created 60 years ago by the U.S. Congress "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…" NSF is the primary funding agency in the U.S. to support basic, frontier research across all fields in science, engineering, and education, except for medical sciences. With a FY 2011 budget request of more than $955 million, the NSF Directorate for Geosciences (GEO) is the principle source of federal funding for university-based fundamental research in the geosciences and preparation of the next generation of geoscientists. Since its inception, GEO has supported the education and training of a diverse and talented pool of future scientists, engineers, and technicians in the Earth, Ocean, Atmospheric and Geospatial Sciences sub-fields, through support of graduate research assistants, post-doctoral fellows, and undergraduate research experiences. In the late 1990’s and early 2000’s, GEO initiated several programs that expanded these investments to also support improvements in pre-college and undergraduate geoscience education through a variety of mechanisms (e.g., professional development support for K-12 teachers, development of innovative undergraduate curricula, and scientist-mentored research experiences for elementary and secondary students). In addition to GEO’s Geoscience Education (GeoEd), Opportunities for Enhancing Diversity in the Geosciences (OEDG), Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE), and Geoscience Teacher Training (GEO-Teach) programs, GEO participates in a number of cross-Foundation programs, including the Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU), Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT), Ethics Education in Science and Engineering (EESE), NSF Graduate STEM Fellows in K-12 Education (GK-12), and Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE) programs, and the new Climate Change Education Partnership (CCEP) program. Many broader impact activities associated with individual research grants supported by GEO contribute to the mix, through integration of research and education. Improving access to high quality geoscience education, developing educational resources and pedagogies that reflect current understandings based on cognitive research on how people learn science in formal and informal settings, cultivating a diverse talent pool for the future, and developing robust mechanisms to evaluate the quality of these various approaches and tools are challenges faced by the entire geosciences research and education community, not just NSF/GEO. In the past two years, GEO has worked collaboratively with the Education and Human Resources (EHR) Directorate, and sister agencies NOAA and NASA, to establish a new GEO Education and Diversity Strategic Framework, that will guide our investments in the future, and identify opportunities for a more cohesive, collaborative, and synergistic approach across NSF and the federal government. Details of this new strategic framework, results of recent program evaluations, and their implications for future NSF/GEO education program funding will be discussed.

Karsten, J. L.; Patino, L. C.; Rom, E. L.; Weiler, C. S.

2010-12-01

138

Advanced light source. Activity report 1995  

SciTech Connect

The ALS Activity Report is designed to share the breadth, variety, and interest of the scientific program and ongoing R&D efforts in a form that is accessible to a broad audience. Recent research results are presented in six sections, each representing an important theme in ALS science. These results are designed to demonstrate the capabilities of the ALS, rather than to give a comprehensive review of 1995 experiments. Although the scientific program and facilities report are separate sections, in practice the achievements and accomplishments of users and ALS staff are interdependent. This user-staff collaboration is essential to help us direct our efforts toward meeting the needs of the user community, and to ensure the continued success of the ALS as a premier facility.

NONE

1996-07-01

139

Science at the Speed of Light: Advanced Photon Source  

ScienceCinema

An introduction and overview of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, the technology that produces the brightest x-ray beams in the Western Hemisphere, and the research carried out by scientists using those x-rays.

140

Advanced biomass science and technology for bio-based products ...  

Treesearch

Description: This book was developed from the proceedings of the Advanced ... for Bio-Based Products Symposium held in Beijing, China, May 23-25, 2007. ... The major subject matter areas covered in the book include supercritical fluid ...

141

Community-based participatory research as a tool to advance environmental health sciences.  

PubMed Central

The past two decades have witnessed a rapid proliferation of community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects. CBPR methodology presents an alternative to traditional population-based biomedical research practices by encouraging active and equal partnerships between community members and academic investigators. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), the premier biomedical research facility for environmental health, is a leader in promoting the use of CBPR in instances where community-university partnerships serve to advance our understanding of environmentally related disease. In this article, the authors highlight six key principles of CBPR and describe how these principles are met within specific NIEHS-supported research investigations. These projects demonstrate that community-based participatory research can be an effective tool to enhance our knowledge of the causes and mechanisms of disorders having an environmental etiology, reduce adverse health outcomes through innovative intervention strategies and policy change, and address the environmental health concerns of community residents.

O'Fallon, Liam R; Dearry, Allen

2002-01-01

142

NUCLEAR DATA NEEDS FOR ADVANCED REACTOR SYSTEMS. A NEA NUCLEAR SCIENCE COMMITTEE INITIATIVE.  

SciTech Connect

The Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Nuclear Science Committee has established an International Subgroup to perform an activity in order to develop a systematic approach to define data needs for Gen-IV and, in general, for advanced reactor systems. A methodology, based on sensitivity analysis has been agreed and representative core configurations for Sodium, Gas and Lead cooled Fast Reactors (SFR, GFR, LFR) have been defined as well as a high burn-up VHTR and a high burn-up PWR. In the case of SFRs, both a TRU burner (called in fact SFR) and a core configuration with homogeneous recycling of not separated TRU (called EFR) have been considered.

SALVATORES,J.M.; ALIBERTI, G.; PALMIOTTI, G.; ROCHMAN, D.; OBLOZINSKY, P.; HERMANN, M.; TALOU, P.; KAWANO, T.; LEAL, L.; KONING, A.; KODELI, I.

2007-04-22

143

The Role of Science and Technology in the Advancement of Women Worldwide  

SciTech Connect

Participants at the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing, China, created a Platform for Action focusing on 12 critical areas of concern (poverty, education and training, health, violence, armed conflict, economy, decision-making, institutional mechanisms, human rights, the media, environment, and the girl child) and the serious barriers to women's health and well-being in each area. Subsequently, the Department of Energy funded a study, described here, that shows, in a literature review and in interviews with 15 women experts, how science and technology can be integral to women's advancement in each of the 12 critical areas. Among the study's conclusions are that differing perspectives exist (pro-science, relativist, and skeptical) on the role of science and technology in women's lives and that these differing perspectives may explain why communication is difficult among policy makers and with scientists about the role science and technology may play in the advancem ent of women worldwide. Recommendations call for women's involvement in the ethics of science; removal of institutional barriers to advancing women; greater accountability in use of resources; changes in science education; and increased dialogue among those with differing perspectives on the role of science and technology in the advancement of women.

Hays, I.; Farhar, B.

2000-10-12

144

Advances in Immersive Virtual Worlds for Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Wide Web Instructional Committee at North Dakota State University guides an interdisciplinary group of students, faculty, and staff members in the creation of immersive virtual worlds for education. These environments provide a rich set of tools for students to learn about science and the scientific method in many different disciplines. These worlds include the Geology Explorer for geology

Otto Borchert; Aaron Bergstrom; Lisa Brandt; Rob Brantsig; Wade Burns; Jeffrey T. Clark; Bob Cosmano; Lisa Daniels; Ben Dischinger; Josh Dorothy; Joe Duncan; Derrick Eichele; Kellie Erickson; Shawn Fisher; Richard Frovarp; Elisa Goldade; Christina Grimsrud; Justin Hawley; Guy Hokanson; Christina Johnson Jockheck; Eunice Johnston; Paul Juell; Ryan Kranitz; James Landrum; Mei Li; Jessica Mack; Atif Majeed; Kellie Martindale; Phil McClean; Dale Muchow; John Opgrande; Ganesh Padmanabhan; Patrick Regan; Carson Rittel; Roxanne Rogers; Bernhardt Saini-Eidukat; Donald P. Schwert; Doug Snider; Shannon Tomac; Liess Vantine; Bradley Vender; Karen Cassie; Curtis Vorthmann; Alan R. White; Shanhong Wu; Melissa Zuroff

145

Ecological Forecasting: Advanced Technologies for Discovery in Earth Science Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

With NASA sensors onboard satellites, aircraft, and UAVs currently producing over two terabytes of data per day, and considering the wealth of ground-based observation networks, there is a clear need for architectures and systems capable of autonomous analysis and utilization of sensor web data streams. Our research has combined biospheric models with remotely sensed data and new computer science techniques

F. S. Melton; R. Nemani; K. Golden; P. Votava; D. Danks; B. Bonnlander; A. Michaelis; J. Coughlan

2005-01-01

146

Advancing Stem Cell Science without Destroying Human Life.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2001, President Bush established a policy on stem cell research that promotes scientific progress while respecting ethical boundaries. This policy is based on the Presidents firm belief that science and ethics need not be at odds, and that a balance ca...

2007-01-01

147

GNVQ science at advanced level: motivation and self-esteem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An interview study carried out in the pilot year of the new GNVQ in science at A-level has shown that the use of grading criteria, which require independent learning, as a method of assessment is better for students' motivation and self-esteem.

Solomon, J.

1995-07-01

148

Collins Advanced Modular Sciences: Particles, Principles and Possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is one of the series written to support the Northern Modular Science Scheme. The Physics Core book in the same series was reviewed by Jonathan Allday in the June 1996 issue of this journal, and his remarks about layout and overall approach apply equally here. Roughly speaking, the first half of the book relates to module Ph6 Particle

E Swinbank

1997-01-01

149

Advancing Intervention Science through Effectiveness Research: A Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Effectiveness research is maturing as a field within intervention and prevention science. Effectiveness research involves the implementation and evaluation of the effectiveness of the dissemination of evidence-based interventions in everyday circumstances (i.e., type 2 translational research). Effectiveness research is characterized…

Ferrer-Wreder, Laura; Adamson, Lena; Kumpfer, Karol L.; Eichas, Kyle

2012-01-01

150

Advancing the art and science of dietary assessment through technology  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This research editorial presents the background against which dietitians may consider the benefits of new technology being incorporated into the art and science of dietary assessment. The background provides past changes that have increased the need for computer applications being developed for indi...

151

Crossing boundaries and borders: Regional science advances in migration modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we survey common themes in recent migration research and comment on the actual and potential contribution of regional science to this literature. There has been a marked shift in research from internal to international migration. The two research programmes would benefit from a unified framework. Spatial and systemic features of migration systems remain underdeveloped. Moreover, the perspectives

Brian Cushing; Jacques Poot

2003-01-01

152

Workshop Advances Interdisciplinary Polar Science and Fast Ice Sheet Drilling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last 50 years, the polar ice sheets covering Antarctica and Greenland have become natural scientific laboratories. Thanks to their unique environments, they yield discoveries that advance different geophysical disciplines and capture the imagination of the general public. The scientific community interested in sampling polar ice sheets and their substrata has been growing recently, and now incorporates biologists, geologists,

Slawek Tulaczyk; Gary D. Clow; David H. Elliott; Ross D. Powell; John C. Priscu

2003-01-01

153

The Ideal Science Student: Exploring the Relationship of Students' Perceptions to Their Problem Solving Activity in a Robotics Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship of middle school students' perceptions of the ideal science student to their problem solving activity and conceptual understanding in the applied science area of robotics. Twenty-six 11 and 12 year-olds (22 boys) attending a summer camp for academically advanced students participated in the…

Sullivan, Florence; Lin, Xiadong

2012-01-01

154

Environmental Science Program at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron Radiation (SR)-based techniques have become an essential and fundamental research tool in Molecular Environmental Science (MES) research. MES is an emerging scientific field that has largely evolved from research interactions at the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) SR laboratories in response to the pressing need for understanding fundamental molecular-level chemical and biological processes that involve the speciation, properties, and behavior of contaminants, within natural systems. The role of SR-based investigations in MES and their impact on environmental problems of importance to society has been recently documented in Molecular Environmental Science: An Assessment of Research Accomplishment, Available Synchrotron Radiation Facilities, and Needs (EnviroSync, 2003).

Hubbard, Susan; Shuh, David; Nico, Peter

2005-06-01

155

The ADVANCE Program: Targeting the Increase in the Participation and Advancement of Women in Academic Science and Engineering Careers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of NSF's ADVANCE Program is to help increase the participation of women in the scientific and engineering workforce through the increased representation and advancement of women in academic science and engineering careers. The Program tries to address this under representation by focusing on support for men and women with three approaches: institutional (Institutional Transformation), grass-root (Leadership), and individual (Fellows) support. The ADVANCE Program alternates with a round of Institutional and Leadership awards in one year and a Fellows competition the next. Since its inception in 2001, NSF has had two competitive rounds for each of the three award types and will have spent approximately 75 M\\ by the end of the next fiscal year (2004). The first and second ADVANCE Institutional Transformation competitions (FY 2001 and 2003) received over 70 proposals each. These awards are for multi-year support in the amount of 3-4M\\ each. Details and access to the websites for the ADVANCE programs of each institution can be found in NSF's ADVANCE webpage at http://nsf.gov/home/crssprgm/advance/itwebsites.htm. The number of proposals submitted for the Leadership awards competition dropped from 35 in 2001 to 26 in 2003, despite an increase in the allowed award size for the second round. In terms of projected goals, this part of ADVANCE is perhaps the most eclectic. Some Leadership awards were made to professional societies to work specifically with their respective scientific communities in identifying needs that might be peculiar to a field of science. In the first round of the Leadership awards, PI Mary-Anne Holmes of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and collaborators received a grant to work with the Association of Women Geoscientists to determine the current status of women geoscientists in the US. These grantees hope to disseminate the information gathered under this award broadly in order to educate women students and faculty on strategies to overcome barriers, and to encourage women to pursue academic geoscience careers as well as teach administrators how to recruit and retain qualified women in geoscience. The ADVANCE Fellows competition includes eligibility for women in three broad categories: early-career; career interruption; and trailing spouse. The first Fellows competition took place in 2002 and received over 150 applications throughout the Foundation. The Directorate of Geosciences (GEO) received 26 proposals, approximately 18% of the total number, and second only to the Directorate of Biological Sciences (BIO). Of the 26 proposals, 5 were in Atmospheric Sciences (ATM), 9 in Earth Sciences (EAR), and 12 in Ocean Sciences (OCE). Proposal pressure in the Fellows competition was roughly correlated with the number of women in the respective fields. In GEO, the number of proposals reflected broadly the representation of women as PIs in the various Divisions, where OCE has the largest number of female PIs, followed by EAR and ATM, respectively. Of the pool of applicants in 2002 and 2004, approximately 50% were PIs that applied in the early-career (post-doctoral) category, with the other 50% composed of about half for each of the two other categories (spouse relocation and career interruption). Over the next two years, NSF hopes to have a significant portfolio of awards to start deriving some information on successful models for promoting the increase in the representation of women at higher levels of the academic career. Feedback to the members of the ADVANCE Implementation Committee is strongly encouraged as we continue to try to improve this program to better answer the needs of women in academia.

Esperanca, S.

2003-12-01

156

Creating an Advanced Laboratory for K-16 Science Education at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An innovative laboratory dedicated to plasma science education at the pre-college and undergraduate level will be described. The Plasma Science Education Laboratory (PSEL) will be the first of its kind, a cutting-edge education facility and associated programs that bring the beauty and complexity of plasmas to a greatly expanded range of teachers and students who now rarely have the chance to study plasma physics in a hands-on manner. Crucial to the success of PSEL is an integrated teaching approach that has students at all levels learn physics in the same manner that a research scientist does physics. At the core of this method is a research-based experience (in the laboratory) woven together with the necessary theoretical basis (in the classroom) and the use of advanced computational tools with an emphasis on visualization of the underlying principles. The new activities will be supported by the creation of a group of “Master Teachers” to both develop and assist in the teaching of new workshops. A summer “educational internship” will be created to bring new master teachers in to assist in the various programs. These master teachers will be veterans of previous workshops and, thus, well versed in basic plasma physics theory and experimentation.

Post-Zwicker, Andrew; Gershman, Sophia; Guilbert, Nick

2002-04-01

157

Teachers' Willingness to Adopt Nature of Science Activities Following a Physical Science Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major science education reform documents emphasize the need for K-12 students to have a robust understanding of nature of science (NOS), and inservice teachers consequently need to develop their NOS teaching repertoires. This study investigated the extent to which science teachers were willing to adopt new strategies and activities for teaching NOS in their classrooms. The participants were 36

Lisa A. Donnelly; Sean Argyle

2011-01-01

158

Recruitment, Advancement and Retention of Women in the Physical Sciences at U.C. Irvine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Strategies for the recruitment, retention and advancement of women in the physical sciences at U.C. Irvine are presented. The NSF-funded ADVANCE Program has implemented several new initiatives. Among these are new requirements for recruitment committees, participation by school equity advisors, personalized mentoring programs and establishment of senior chairs. Progress towards our goals are reviewed and evaluated. Issues such as dual career couples and the balance between family/personal time and work are also addressed.

Druffel, E. R.; Smecker-Hane, T.; Kehoe, P.; Bryant, S. V.

2004-12-01

159

Ecological Forecasting: Advanced Technologies for Discovery in Earth Science Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With NASA sensors onboard satellites, aircraft, and UAVs currently producing over two terabytes of data per day, and considering the wealth of ground-based observation networks, there is a clear need for architectures and systems capable of autonomous analysis and utilization of sensor web data streams. Our research has combined biospheric models with remotely sensed data and new computer science techniques to develop a biospheric monitoring and forecasting system. The Terrestrial Observation and Prediction System (TOPS) is an operational system and has capabilities for rapid access, integration, and utilization of multiple large, heterogeneous data sets. TOPS incorporates cutting edge computer science algorithms for causal discovery and automated planning to provide a robust capability for on-demand data processing. TOPS also provides an operational environment for data-driven modeling and discovery using multi-terabyte Earth observation data archives. Automated data fusion capabilities provided by TOPS have been used in data driven modeling experiments. These experiments have employed machine-learning algorithms for learning causal structures to search terabytes of Earth observation data and develop novel models of Earth science processes such as wildfire risk. Using TOPS, we are also implementing models from multiple domains to develop a range of applications including mapping of wildland fire risk, UAV deployment for wildfire monitoring, irrigation forecasting, tracking anomalies in global net primary productivity, and mapping vector abundance and disease transmission risk. TOPS is currently being used to produce nowcasts and forecasts of biospheric conditions from local to global scales. Products and images from TOPS are distributed via the web and available for use by scientists, educators, and decision makers.

Melton, F. S.; Nemani, R.; Golden, K.; Votava, P.; Danks, D.; Bonnlander, B.; Michaelis, A.; Coughlan, J.

2005-12-01

160

Activities Linking Science With Math, K-4 (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science does not exist in a vacuum and, therefore, shouldn't be taught that way. In that spirit, Activities Linking Science With Math, K-4, is a hands-on guide for preservice and inservice elementary school teachers who want to connect science in

Eichinger, John

2009-06-25

161

Accommodating Students with Disabilities in Soil Science Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Soil science education is lacking in terms of accommodations for persons with disabilities. Individuals with disabilities are often excluded from soil science activities in school, and from soil science careers. GLOBE (Global Learning Observations to Benefit the Environment) is a worldwide, hands-on primary and secondary school-based education…

Langley-Turnbaugh, S. J.; Murphy, Kate; Levin, E.

2004-01-01

162

Family Science Night: Fun Tips, Activities, and Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At last! A practical, readable guide for teachers, school leaders, and parent/teacher associations that shows how to plan fun, hands-on science nights! Get easy-to-implement, content-rich tips and ideas that will cultivate positive attitudes toward science! Learn how to involve and actively engage families in their children's science education.…

Connell, Shelley S.

2013-01-01

163

Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies II  

SciTech Connect

The Materials Science and Technology 2012 Conference and Exhibition (MS&T'12) was held October 7-11, 2012, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. One of the major themes of the conference was Environmental and Energy Issues. Papers from five of the symposia held under that theme are invluded in this volume. These symposia included Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management for the 21st Century; Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing IV; Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications; Energy Conversion-Photovoltaic, Concentraing Solar Power and Thermoelectric; and Materials Development for Nuclear Applications and Extreme Environments.

Matyas, Dr Josef [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Ohji, Tatsuki [Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Tec; Liu, Xingbo [West Virginia University, Morgantown; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Devanathan, Ram [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Fox, Kevin [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL); Singh, Mrityunjay [NASA-Glenn Research Center, Cleveland; Wong-ng, Winnie [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD

2013-01-01

164

Earth Institute at Columbia University ADVANCE Program: Addressing Needs for Women in Earth and Environmental Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth Institute has received a major NSF ADVANCE grant targeted at increasing the participation and advancement of women scientists and engineers in the Academy through institutional transformation. The Earth Institute at Columbia University includes 9 research institutes including Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Center for Environmental Research and Conservation (CERC), Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), International Research Institute (IRI) for Climate Prediction, Earth Engineering Center, NASA-Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Center for Risks and Hazards, Center for Globalization and Sustainable Development, and Center for Global Health and Economic Development and six academic departments including Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology (E3B, School of Arts and Sciences), Earth and Environmental Engineering (DEEE, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences), Department of Environmental Health (School of Public Health), Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences (DEES, School of Arts and Sciences), Department of International and Public Affairs (School of International and Policy Affairs), and Barnard College Department of Environmental Science. The Earth Institute at Columbia University's ADVANCE program is based both on a study of the status of women at Columbia and research on the progression of women in science elsewhere. The five major targets of the Columbia ADVANCE program are to (1) change the demographics of the faculty through intelligent hiring practices, (2) provide support to women scientists through difficult life transitions including elder care and adoption or birth of a child, (3) enhance mentoring and networking opportunities, (4) implement transparent promotion procedures and policies, and (5) conduct an institutional self study. The Earth Institute ADVANCE program is unique in that it addresses issues that tend to manifest themselves in the earth and environmental fields, such as extended field programs, which lay the foundation for leadership positions, but which may be difficult for young faculty. The strategy is to use the Earth Institute as a test bed for institutional change, and then expand the successful programs to other Columbia Science and Engineering Departments, as appropriate. Columbia's administration is committed to changing policies and supporting successful programs beyond the completion of the NSF grant. Earth Institute ADVANCE programs include (a) a self study including a climate survey modeled after the 1999 MIT study, (b) a senior faculty working group that will facilitate recruitment and retention by providing support for searches, faculty development, and retention, (c) internal funding competitions designed to recruit and retain women scientists and engineers, and (d) focused workshops and conferences. The ADVANCE program will establish offices both on the Morningside campus in Manhattan and Lamont campus in Palisades, NY.

Bell, R. E.; Cane, M.; Mutter, J.; Miller, R.; Pfirman, S.; Laird, J.

2004-12-01

165

Energy and Change. Elementary Science Activity Series, Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is number 3 of a series of elementary science books that presents a wealth of ideas for science activities for the elementary school teacher. Each activity includes a standard set of information designed to help teachers determine the activity's appropriateness for their students, plan its implementation, and help children focus on a…

Blackwell, Frank F.

166

Innovative Hands-on Activities for Middle School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper contains some hands-on activities that relate science to art and language arts. The focus is placed on middle schools and activities engage students in the discovery that chemicals are used to draw and color. Students also read and write poetry and literature that employ science-related topics. A number of spin-off activities are…

Barry, Dana M.

167

Fun with Hands-on Science Activities for Elementary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains hands-on activities in science that make use of balloons and are fun and stimulating as well as challenging. By actively participating in these activities, students can develop science process and critical thinking skills as well as technical and measuring skills. Topics include Air as Matter, Pressure, Chemical Change,…

Barry, Dana M.

168

Astrobiology: Science Learning Activities for Afterschool  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The science of astrobiology is concerned with the question of whether or not life exists on other planets. This educator's guide presents eight activities in which younger students investigate this question and explore topics related to the search for life beyond their own planet by using some of the same strategies that astrobiologists use. They will express their opinions on the existence of alien life in a survey, compare living to non-living objects, investigate the observable characteristics of living things, and learn about the conditions necessary for living things to survive. They will expand their thinking to consider microbes as living things, and match recently discovered life forms with the extreme environments in which they live. Then the students will examine images of planets, moons, and the sun, read about the environmental conditions on each, and try to decide if any of these bodies might support life. In a final activity, they will revisit their ideas, repeat the survey of the opening activity, and look for information and evidence that influenced their current opinions.

169

Recent advances in applying decision science to managing national forests  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Management of federal public forests to meet sustainability goals and multiple use regulations is an immense challenge. To succeed, we suggest use of formal decision science procedures and tools in the context of structured decision making (SDM). SDM entails four stages: problem structuring (framing the problem and defining objectives and evaluation criteria), problem analysis (defining alternatives, evaluating likely consequences, identifying key uncertainties, and analyzing tradeoffs), decision point (identifying the preferred alternative), and implementation and monitoring the preferred alternative with adaptive management feedbacks. We list a wide array of models, techniques, and tools available for each stage, and provide three case studies of their selected use in National Forest land management and project plans. Successful use of SDM involves participation by decision-makers, analysts, scientists, and stakeholders. We suggest specific areas for training and instituting SDM to foster transparency, rigor, clarity, and inclusiveness in formal decision processes regarding management of national forests.

Marcot, Bruce G.; Thompson, Matthew P.; Runge, Michael C.; Thompson, Frank R.; McNulty, Steven; Cleaves, David; Tomosy, Monica; Fisher, Larry A.; Bliss Andrew

2012-01-01

170

Biological Features of the Soil: Advanced Crop and Soil Science. A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The course of study represents the third of six modules in advanced crop and soil science and introduces the agriculture student to biological features of soil. Upon completing the two day lesson, the student will: (1) realize the vast amount of life present in the soil, (2) be able to list representative animal and plant life in the soil by size,…

Miller, Larry E.

171

Advancing the Science of Recruitment and Retention of Ethnically Diverse Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We highlight several critical challenges that must be addressed to accelerate the advancement of the science on recruitment and retention of ethnically diverse older adults into health research. These include the relative lack of attention by researchers to methodological issues related to recruitment and retention of ethnically diverse…

Napoles, Anna M.; Chadiha, Letha A.

2011-01-01

172

Physical Features of Soil: Advanced Crop and Soil Science. A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The course of study represents the second of six modules in advanced crop and soil science and introduces the agriculture student to the subject of physical features of the soil. Upon completing the two day lesson, the student will be able to determine the texture and structural types of soil, list the structural classes of the soil and where they…

Miller, Larry E.

173

PARTNERING WITH DOE TO APPLY ADVANCED BIOLOGICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, AND COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES  

EPA Science Inventory

On February 18, 2004, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Energy signed a Memorandum of Understanding to expand the research collaboration of both agencies to advance biological, environmental, and computational sciences for protecting human health and the ...

174

Conversational science and advanced learning technologies (ALT) : Tools for conversational pedagogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper questions the validity of traditional scientific method for the study of human learning and proposes five postulates for the advancement of a conversational science. It considers how an evolving capacity for lifelong learning has been constrained by inappropriate research methods and educational practice leading to a learning deficit in the population. Over 25 years of action research offers

Laurie Thomas; Sheila Harri-Augstein

2001-01-01

175

Physical Features of Soil: Advanced Crop and Soil Science. A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The course of study represents the second of six modules in advanced crop and soil science and introduces the agriculture student to the subject of physical features of the soil. Upon completing the two day lesson, the student will be able to determine the texture and structural types of soil, list the structural classes of the soil and where…

Miller, Larry E.

176

Soil Erosion: Advanced Crop and Soil Science. A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The course of study represents the last of six modules in advanced crop and soil science and introduces the agriculture student to the topic of soil erosion. Upon completion of the two day lesson, the student will be able to: (1) define conservation, (2) understand how erosion takes place, and (3) list ways of controlling wind and water erosion.…

Miller, Larry E.

177

Chemical Features of Soil: Advanced Crop and Soil Science. A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The course of study represents the fifth of six modules in advanced crop and soil science and introduces the agriculture student to chemical features of the soil. Upon completing the four day lesson, the student will be able to: (1) list macro- and micro-nutrients, (2) define pH and its effect on plants, (3) outline Cation Exchange of the soil,…

Miller, Larry E.

178

Big Fleas Have Little Fleas: How discoveries of invertebrate diseases are advancing modern science.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Review of: “Big Fleas Have Little Fleas: How discoveries of invertebrate diseases are advancing modern science”. Elizabeth W. Davdison. 2006. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ. 208 pp. Dr. Davidson links many of the accomplishments in invertebrate pathology to subsequent successes in the l...

179

Core Principles and Test Item Development for Advanced High School and Introductory University Level Food Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Programs supported by the Carl D. Perkins Act of 2006 are required to operate under the state or national content standards, and are expected to carry out evaluation procedures that address accountability. The Indiana high school course, "Advanced Life Science: Foods" ("ALS: Foods") operates under the auspices of the Perkins Act. However, no…

Laing-Kean, Claudine A. M.

2010-01-01

180

Soil Water: Advanced Crop and Soil Science. A Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The course of study represents the fourth of six modules in advanced crop and soil science and introduces the agriculture student to the topic of soil water. Upon completing the three day module, the student will be able to classify water as to its presence in the soil, outline the hydrological cycle, list the ways water is lost from the soil,…

Miller, Larry E.

181

Focus on advances in surface and interface science 2010 Focus on advances in surface and interface science 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While surface science has traditionally focused on catalytic processes at surfaces, more recent developments have seen it evolve into a broad research area encompassing issues as diverse as single-molecule experiments, preparation and analysis of nanostructures, studies of novel and exotic materials, and elementary excitations in solids to name but a few. The aim of this small, but very select, focus issue of New Journal of Physics is to present a snapshot of just some of the latest cutting-edge research now being carried out on these topics. As editors, we hope that you find the contributions of interest to you and your future research.

Aeschlimann, Martin; Berndt, Richard

2013-02-01

182

Advanced Chemical Propulsion Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was performed of advanced chemical propulsion technology application to space science (Code S) missions. The purpose was to begin the process of selecting chemical propulsion technology advancement activities that would provide greatest benefits t...

G. Woodcock D. Byers L. A. Alexander A. Krebsbach

2004-01-01

183

Advances in color science: from retina to behavior  

PubMed Central

Color has become a premier model system for understanding how information is processed by neural circuits, and for investigating the relationships among genes, neural circuits and perception. Both the physical stimulus for color and the perceptual output experienced as color are quite well characterized, but the neural mechanisms that underlie the transformation from stimulus to perception are incompletely understood. The past several years have seen important scientific and technical advances that are changing our understanding of these mechanisms. Here, and in the accompanying minisymposium, we review the latest findings and hypotheses regarding color computations in the retina, primary visual cortex and higher-order visual areas, focusing on non-human primates, a model of human color vision.

Chatterjee, Soumya; Field, Greg D.; Horwitz, Gregory D.; Johnson, Elizabeth N.; Koida, Kowa; Mancuso, Katherine

2010-01-01

184

Nano risk analysis: advancing the science for nanomaterials risk management.  

PubMed

Scientists, activists, industry, and governments have raised concerns about health and environmental risks of nanoscale materials. The Society for Risk Analysis convened experts in September 2008 in Washington, DC to deliberate on issues relating to the unique attributes of nanoscale materials that raise novel concerns about health risks. This article reports on the overall themes and findings of the workshop, uncovering the underlying issues for each of these topics that become recurring themes. The attributes of nanoscale particles and other nanomaterials that present novel issues for risk analysis are evaluated in a risk analysis framework, identifying challenges and opportunities for risk analysts and others seeking to assess and manage the risks from emerging nanoscale materials and nanotechnologies. Workshop deliberations and recommendations for advancing the risk analysis and management of nanotechnologies are presented. PMID:20846172

Shatkin, Jo Anne; Abbott, Linda Carolyn; Bradley, Ann E; Canady, Richard Alan; Guidotti, Tee; Kulinowski, Kristen M; Löfstedt, Ragnar E; Louis, Garrick; MacDonell, Margaret; Macdonell, Margaret; Maynard, Andrew D; Paoli, Greg; Sheremeta, Lorraine; Walker, Nigel; White, Ronald; Williams, Richard

2010-09-15

185

Advancing Science Literacy Through Astronomy: The Astronomical Society of the Pacific at 120  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astronomical Society of the Pacific celebrates its 120th anniversary year in 2009. Through its long history, the Society has served scientists, amateur astronomers, educators of all types, and the public by communicating and advancing the science of astronomy even as our understanding of the universe has changed in remarkable ways. In recent years, the Society has put a special emphasis on astronomy education. And more recently, it has re-articulated its mission as one of advancing science literacy through engagement in astronomy. The presenter will explain what this means and how it presents new opportunities for the Society, astronomers, and astronomy educators to connect and support each other to achieve common goals in improving science literacy through the avenue astronomy provides.

Manning, James G.

2009-01-01

186

"Bridging Activities," New Media Literacies, and Advanced Foreign Language Proficiency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we propose the pedagogical model "bridging activities" to address advanced foreign language proficiency in the context of existing and emerging internet communication and information tools and communities. The article begins by establishing the need for language and genre-focused activities at the advanced level that attend to the…

Thorne, Steven L.; Reinhardt, Jonathon

2008-01-01

187

Obstacles in Advancement of Young Female Geoscientists: Research Results from the Earth Science Women's Network (ESWN)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the number of women receiving advanced degrees in the geosciences has been rising, the faces of scientific leaders in academia remain dominantly male. Women are currently underrepresented in tenure-track positions in Earth science departments at research universities. Additionally, women are less likely to have more senior positions within their academic institutions. ESWN is a peer-mentoring network of early career women in the Earth sciences. We conducted a survey of ESWN members as part of an evaluation-with-research study that aims to determine the career needs of young female geoscientists. We also conducted a survey of the co-ed Earth Science Jobs list also run by ESWN and used its male and female members as comparison samples. The survey data provide insight into critical career junctures for women in geosciences and identify salient issues that institutions will need to address to successfully recruit, retain and promote women scientists. Prior research has shown that women are subjected to unintended and unrecognized biases that can have an ultimate impact on their productivity, advancement, and success. Our data corroborate these findings: women consistently rated the professional atmosphere in their departments and their interactions with colleagues less favorably than men. Moreover, women indicated lower rates of collaboration with colleagues in their unit compared to their male peers. Possibly due to this discrepancy in collaboration, women also reported lower research productivity than men in our study. Attaining work/life balance is a particular concern to early-career scientists, especially since tenure clock and the biological clock can coincide and reduce the opportunity for women to achieve tenure and have children. Family issues may impact the success of women in academic careers, such as travel to meetings and field work. Our research shows that women's partners more often worked in STEM fields, potentially complicating women's careers by requiring couples to consider two STEM careers when making career decisions. Women's partners more often worked full time than did the partners of men. This may limit the possibility of work-related travel for female geoscientists and increase the burden of household duties on two working partners. In fact, women did report doing significantly more household upkeep and more parenting than men. Another barrier to retention and promotion of women includes a lack of mentors and role models. The example of women in senior positions is especially important, justifying young women's aspiration to be successful geoscientists. In our data, young female geoscientists less often saw women as adequately represented in senior roles than did male respondents. While ESWN cannot solve these problems for individuals, ESWN activities do seem to address these concerns. In discussions on the ESWN listserv, women share ideas and strategies for navigating these obstacles. Young female geoscientists may also find role models among the more experienced members. Knowledge of these obstacles also provides ESWN and other organizations aiming to advance women in science with the potential best practices in supporting women through these challenges.

Kogan, M.; Laursen, S. L.

2011-12-01

188

Renewing a Scientific Society: The American Association for the Advancement of Science from World War II to 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book recounts the many challenges and successes achieved by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) from World War II to 1970. Included are: (1) the development of the National Science Foundation; (2) Cold War concerns about the loyalty and freedom of scientists; (3) efforts to develop an effective science curriculum…

Wolfle, Dael

189

Mars Exploration Rover Operations with the Science Activity Planner  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Science Activity Planner (SAP) is the primary science operations tool for the Mars Exploration Rover mission and NASA's Software of the Year for 2004. SAP utilizes a variety of visualization and planning capabilities to enable the mission operations team to direct the activities of the Spirit and Opportunity rovers. This paper outlines some of the challenging requirements that drove

Jeffrey S. Norris; Mark W. Powell; Marsette A. Vona; Paul G. Backes; Justin V. Wick

2005-01-01

190

Hands-On Environmental Science Activities. Teacher's Edition. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability of students to go beyond facts and to think critically, while at the same time enjoying and valuing the learning process, is fundamental to science and environmentalism. This book provides enrichment activities for the science curriculum that provide concrete connections with important world events. Each activity is self-contained and…

Kutscher, Eugene

191

Knowledge-Building Activity Structures in Japanese Elementary Science Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to refine Japanese elementary science activity structures by using a CSCL approach to transform the classroom into a knowledge-building community. We report design studies on two science lessons in two consecutive years and describe the progressive refinement of the activity structures. Through comparisons of student…

Oshima, Jun; Oshima, Ritsuko; Murayama, Isao; Inagaki, Shigenori; Takenaka, Makiko; Yamamoto, Tomokazu; Yamaguchi, Etsuji; Nakayama, Hayashi

2006-01-01

192

Developing science and math integrated activities for middle school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the development and refinement of science and mathematics integrated activities for middle school students. The expectations of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics that students develop an understanding of mathematics and an ability to apply it gave birth to these activities. The expectations of the National Science Education Standards that students engage in inquiry and discussion,

Sonya Ellouise Sherrod; Jerry Dwyer; Ratna Narayan

2009-01-01

193

Engineering Design Activities and Conceptual Change in Middle School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of engineering design classroom activities on conceptual change in science, and on attitudes toward and knowledge about engineering. Students were given a situated learning context and a rationale for learning science in an active, inquiry-based method, and worked in small collaborative…

Schnittka, Christine G.

2009-01-01

194

Science Activities for the Visually Impaired: Developing a Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science activities for the visually impaired (SAVI) introduces blind and visually impaired children (9 to 12 years old) to physical and life sciences in a multisensory way. Evolution of SAVI activities involves exploration, local trials, and national trials. SAVI project materials can help integrate handicapped children into the mainstream…

DeLucchi, Linda; And Others

1980-01-01

195

Engineering Design Activities and Conceptual Change in Middle School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of engineering design classroom activities on conceptual change in science, and on attitudes toward and knowledge about engineering. Students were given a situated learning context and a rationale for learning science in an active, inquiry-based method, and worked in small collaborative…

Schnittka, Christine G.

2009-01-01

196

DOE Information Role in the Advancement of Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific research and the knowledge and technologies that follow are essential to the U.S. economy. The DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) provides access to scientific and technical information resulting from scientific research conducted on a world-wide basis by combining DOE generated research information with relevant and useful information provided by publishers and other organizations. OSTI's goal is to provide ease of access to discipline-based full text R&D reports, journal literature, preprints and other technical information by making it readily and freely available on the Web. This information is provided by OSTI for use by the scientific community, both within DOE and to the public sector. The information products and services provided by OSTI satisfy statutory requirements, promote scientific advancement and provide a vital service to the scientific community. This paper introduces the APS community to the growing DOE collection of scientific and technical information that supports the scientific community and OSTI's vision for the future.

Scott, R. L.

2000-03-01

197

The Pleasures and the Pitfalls of Plant Science Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom plant activities have long been inexpensive, easy to do, and fun for students, and have become more central to biology teaching. Introduces some plant science activities and their pleasures and pitfalls. (ASK)

Hershey, David R.

2000-01-01

198

Developing model-eliciting activities for undergraduate students based on advanced engineering content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are you interested in creating open-ended, client-driven, realistic engineering tasks for undergraduate students that will introduce them to the world of engineering early in their academic careers? With the support of the National Science Foundation, model-eliciting activities (MEAs) were created and implemented with first-year engineering students at Purdue University. These tasks are open-ended modeling problems that introduce advanced engineering content

Tamara Moore; Heidi Diefes-Dux

2004-01-01

199

The advanced manufacturing science and technology program. FY 95 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

This is the Fiscal Year 1995 Annual Report for the Advanced Manufacturing Science and Technology (AMST) sector of Los Alamos Tactical Goal 6, Industrial Partnering. During this past fiscal year, the AMST project leader formed a committee whose members represented the divisions and program offices with a manufacturing interest to examine the Laboratory`s expertise and needs in manufacturing. From a list of about two hundred interest areas, the committee selected nineteen of the most pressing needs for weapon manufacturing. Based upon Los Alamos mission requirements and the needs of the weapon manufacturing (Advanced Design and Production Technologies (ADaPT)) program plan and the other tactical goals, the committee selected four of the nineteen areas for strategic planning and possible industrial partnering. The areas selected were Casting Technology, Constitutive Modeling, Non-Destructive Testing and Evaluation, and Polymer Aging and Lifetime Prediction. For each area, the AMST committee formed a team to write a roadmap and serve as a partnering technical consultant. To date, the roadmaps have been completed for each of the four areas. The Casting Technology and Polymer Aging teams are negotiating with specific potential partners now, at the close of the fiscal year. For each focus area we have created a list of existing collaborations and other ongoing partnering activities. In early Fiscal Year 1996, we will continue to develop partnerships in these four areas. Los Alamos National Laboratory instituted the tactical goals for industrial partnering to focus our institutional resources on partnerships that enhance core competencies and capabilities required to meet our national security mission of reducing the nuclear danger. The second industry sector targeted by Tactical Goal 6 was the chemical industry. Tactical Goal 6 is championed by the Industrial Partnership Office.

Hill, J. [comp.

1996-03-01

200

National facility for advanced computational science: A sustainable path to scientific discovery  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) proposes to create a National Facility for Advanced Computational Science (NFACS) and to establish a new partnership between the American computer industry and a national consortium of laboratories, universities, and computing facilities. NFACS will provide leadership-class scientific computing capability to scientists and engineers nationwide, independent of their institutional affiliation or source of funding. This partnership will bring into existence a new class of computational capability in the United States that is optimal for science and will create a sustainable path towards petaflops performance.

Simon, Horst; Kramer, William; Saphir, William; Shalf, John; Bailey, David; Oliker, Leonid; Banda, Michael; McCurdy, C. William; Hules, John; Canning, Andrew; Day, Marc; Colella, Philip; Serafini, David; Wehner, Michael; Nugent, Peter

2004-04-02

201

PREFACE: Advanced Science Research Symposium 2009 Positron, Muon and other exotic particle beams for materials and atomic\\/molecular sciences (ASR2009)  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is our great pleasure to deliver the proceedings of ASR2009, the Advanced Science Research International Symposium 2009. ASR2009 is part of a series of symposia which is hosted by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Advanced Science Research Center (JAEA-ASRC), and held every year with different scientific topics. ASR2009 was held at Tokai in Japan from 10-12 November 2009. In

Wataru Higemoto; Atsuo Kawasuso

2010-01-01

202

Reading to Learn Science as an Active Process  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One way to help students learn to read science and teach the content simultaneously is by incorporating classroom strategies that actively engage students in thinking, talking, reading, and writing about science. To maximize the probability that strategies will be effective is to use a learning cycle as a guide when designing lessons. This article describes learning cycles in science and reading, including processes involved, and teaching strategies that increase student involvement and learning.

Macdougall, Gregory; Gillis, Victoria R.

2007-07-01

203

Science Activities: The Problem. Learning in Science Project. Working Paper 47.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning in Science Project established that children from a young age construct out of their everyday experiences views which they use to establish their world and that these views are remarkably resistant to replacement by scientifically more useful views. Although science lessons tend to be based upon activities which are designed by…

Tasker, Ross, Ed.; Lambert, John, Ed.

204

Video: Animals; Electric Current; Force; Science Activities. Learning in Science Project. Working Papers 51-54.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers to be used in conjunction with video-tapes developed by the Learning in Science Project are presented. Topic areas of the papers focus on: (1) animals; (2) electric current; (3) force; and (4) science activities. The first paper presents transcripts of class discussions focusing on the scientific meaning of the word animal. The second…

Bell, Beverley; And Others

205

Science/Technology/Society: Activities and Resources for Secondary Science and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 45 activities suitable for use in secondary science and social studies classes. Except for the first four activities, which are quick attention getters, all the activities are presented in a standard format. Each begins with an introduction, that provides a brief overview of the activity's content and the teaching strategies…

Singleton, Laurel R., Ed.

206

Advanced Fuel Cycles Activities in IAEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable scientific and technical progress in many areas of Partitioning and Transmutation (P and T) has been recognized as probable answers to ever-growing issues threatening sustainability, environmental protection and non-proliferation. These recent global developments such as Russian initiative on Global Nuclear Infrastructure-International Fuel Centre and the US initiative on Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) have made advanced fuel cycles as

H. P. Nawada; C. Ganguly

2007-01-01

207

Who Will Do Science? Trends, and Their Causes in Minority and Female Representation among Holders of Advanced Degrees in Science and Mathematics. A Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes trends in and causes of minority and female representation among holders of advanced science and math degrees. The minority groups studied are Blacks, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, and Asian Americans, all of whom are compared with Whites. The degrees looked at include those in math, the computer sciences, physical…

Berryman, Sue E.

208

Development of Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems for NASA's Future Science Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation will provide an overview of NASA's current efforts on development of advanced radioisotope power systems (RPS) for future science missions. The current efforts include development of flight qualified Multimission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) and Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG) systems with nominal 100 watts power level and capability to operate in both deep space and planetary environments. In addition, advanced technology development efforts are being conducted to increase the specific power of both RTG and SRG systems to enable future science missions. The efforts also include new technologies that have the potential to provide significant increases in specific power of RPS system. A notional RPS technology development roadmap will be presented and various potential mission opportunities identified.

Misra, A. K.

2005-12-01

209

Still More Science Activities. 20 Exciting Activities To Do!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science and technology affect every facet of human life. By the 21st century, society will demand that all of its citizens possess basic competencies in the fundamentals of science and the use of technology. As science increasingly becomes the dominant subject of the work place, it is important to begin developing within children an understanding…

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

210

Advanced High School Biology in an Era of Rapid Change: A Summary of the Biology Panel Report from the NRC Committee on Programs for Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in American High Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recently released National Research Council (NRC) report, Learning and Understanding: Improv- ing Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools, evaluated and recommended changes in the Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), and other advanced secondary school science programs. As part of this study, discipline-specific panels were formed to evaluate advanced programs in biology, chemistry, physics, and

William B. Wood

2002-01-01

211

The National Science Foundation's Ocean Observatory Initiative: an interactive ocean observatory network to advance ocean research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustained ocean observing systems hold the promise of revolutionizing ocean science within this decade. Enabled by technological advances and made timely by societal need, a wide range of ocean and Earth observing systems are being planned, proposed, deployed and operated within the U.S. These systems emphasize real-time datasets for event response and adaptive sampling, well-sampled spatial and temporal contexts for

A. R. Isern

2004-01-01

212

Improving Retention of Science and Math Majors: Initial STREAMS Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We will report on the activities of STREAMS (Student Retention Enhancement Across Mathematics and the Sciences), a 5-year NSF grant. The goal of STREAMS is to increase STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) graduates by 40 students per year. Five interventions have begun operation this year, including a summer bridge program; course development grants promoting group, inquiry-based pedagogy; the introduction

Thomas Kling; Jennifer Mendell; Matthew Salomone; Lee Torda; Stephen Waratuke

2011-01-01

213

Critters: K-6 Life Science Activities. Project AIMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Project AIMS (Activities to Integrate Mathematics and Science) has as its purpose the integration of subject matter in grades K-9. Field testing of the curriculum materials produced by AIMS indicates that this integration produces the following beneficial results: (1) mathematics becomes more meaningful, hence more useful; (2) science is…

Allen, Maureen Murphy; And Others

214

Small Wonders. Hands-On Science Activities for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children are natural scientists and are constantly questioning and challenging the world around them. This book is designed to help preschool and primary teachers see the science in common things. It is a book of manipulative activities that are designed to nurture a child's natural curiosity as well as integrate science with other areas.…

Perdue, Peggy K.

215

Small Wonders. Hands-On Science Activities for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children are natural scientists and are constantly questioning and challenging the world around them. This book is designed to help preschool and primary teachers see the science in common things. It is a book of manipulative activities that are designed to nurture a child's natural curiosity as well as integrate science with other areas.…

Perdue, Peggy K.

216

Coalition for Plasma Science (CPS) Education and Outreach Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Coalition for Plasma Science (http:\\/\\/plasmacoalition.org\\/, CPS@plasmacoalition.org) is a group of institutions, organizations, and companies joining forces to increase awareness and understanding of plasma science and its many applications and benefits for society. Ongoing CPS educational activities include: (1) Construction and maintenance of a web site featuring \\

L. A. Berry

2002-01-01

217

Reading to Learn Science as an Active Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One way to help students learn to read science and teach the content simultaneously is by incorporating classroom strategies that actively engage students in thinking, talking, reading, and writing about science. To maximize the probability that strategies will be effective is to use a learning cycle as a guide when designing lessons. This…

Gillis, Victoria Ridgeway; MacDougall, Gregory

2007-01-01

218

Activities in Planetary Geology for the Physical and Earth Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The activities in this guide deal with concepts in planetary geology, but they can be generalized to illustrate broad problems in the earth sciences. They are designed to supplement or introduce topics usually encountered in earth science courses. The exercises, organized into independent units which can be presented in any order, are appropriate…

D'Alli, Richard, Ed.; Greely, Ronald, Ed.

219

Kids Can Make a Difference! Environmental Science Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book of more than 160 environmental science activities is designed to help students understand environmental issues, ask questions, and find solutions to the problems. Introductory sections address: (1) the nature of major global problems and a history of environmental concern; (2) basic environmental science terminology and scientific study…

Dashefsky, H. Steven

220

Space physics activities in a high school science classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Space science is only rivaled by dinosaurs in popularity. We wish to use the natural interest in space science to motivate high school students to learn skills and concepts required by the TEKS, the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills. While the context of this set of connected activities is space weather, the actual skills being addressed include motion of objects

Robert Bruntz; Ramon Lopez

2000-01-01

221

Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science Inc. (CUAHSI) Science Plan: A Community-based Infrastructure Initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The river basin is a fundamental unit of the landscape and water in that defined landscape plays a central role in shaping the land surface, in dissolving minerals, in transporting chemicals, and in determining species distribution. Therefore, the river basin is a natural observatory for examining hydrologic phenomena and the complex interaction of physical, chemical, and biological processes that control them. CUAHSI, incorporated in 2001, is a community-based research infrastructure initiative formed to mobilize the hydrologic community through addressing key science questions and leveraging nationwide hydrologic resources from its member institutions and collaborative partners. Through an iterative community-based process, it has been previously proposed to develop a network of hydrologic infrastructure that organizes around scales on the order of 10,000 km2 to examine critical interfaces such as the land-surface, atmosphere, and human impact. Data collection will characterize the stores, fluxes, physical pathways, and residence time distributions of water, sediment, nutrients, and contaminants coherently at nested scales. These fundamental properties can be used by a wide range of scientific disciplines to address environmental questions. This more complete characterization will enable new linkages to be identified and hypotheses to be tested more incisively. With such a research platform, hydrologic science can advance beyond measuring streamflow or precipitation input to understanding how the river basin functions in both its internal processes and in responding to environmental stressors. That predictive understanding is needed to make informed decisions as development and even natural pressures stress existing water supplies and competing demands for water require non-traditional solutions that take into consideration economic, environmental, and social factors. Advanced hydrologic infrastructure will enable research for a broad range of multidisciplinary science questions. The CUAHSI science agenda has evolved through community input and research into several unifying theme areas, or categories. Three example categories are: forcing, internal processing, and evolution. Within each category, coherent (integrated in space and time) physical, chemical and biological data are needed to answer specific science questions. For example, in the case of "forcing": How do patterns in rainfall influence predictability of floods and droughts? Floods and droughts have long been considered random events. However, we now know that there are decadal patterns in rainfall and that rainfall recycles within the basin thereby intensifying floods and droughts. How does the internal state of the system combine with external forcing to determine the occurrence of hydrologic extremes?

Wilson, J. L.; Dressler, K.; Hooper, R. P.

2005-12-01

222

Energy Storage. Teachers Guide. Science Activities in Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this science activities energy package for students in grades 4-10 are 12 activities related to energy storage. Each activity is outlined on the front and back of a single sheet and is introduced by a key question. Most of the activities can be completed in the classroom with materials readily available in any community. Among the…

Jacobs, Mary Lynn, Ed.

223

Advanced Technological Education Program: 1998 Awards and Activities  

NSF Publications Database

... Education Advanced Technological Education (ATE) Program Awards and Activities Fiscal Year 1998 ... Managed by Other NSF Programs and Co-Funded by ATE III. Maps New Awards Centers of Excellence ...

224

Recent advances in Eurocopter's passive and active vibration control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about recent advances in Eurocopter's research activities on passive and active vibration control systems. Emphasis is placed on the reduction of rotor-induced vibrations which is still one of the key challenges in helicopter dynamics. Both passive and active means for the reduction of vibrations are discussed. A short review of the rotor-induced vibration problem is given with

Peter Konstanzer; Bernhard Enenkl; Pierre-Antoine Aubourg; Paul Cranga

225

Creating Aliens: The Ultimate Life Sciences Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a seven-week project completed by the author's eighth-grade science students (as they studied "the chemistry of living things") in which they designed an alien and its world using the scientific concepts that they learned in class. Compares class presentations using PowerPoint software to presentations using posterboard. (SR)|

Beltramo, Dan

2001-01-01

226

Ideas and Activities for Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual is designed to supplement an existing physical science curriculum and to assist in providing the learning experiences required to implement an effective course. The first chapter outlines the purposes of this manual and provides a set of teaching tips. Topics such as electricity, wave motion, light, sound, periodic table and nuclear…

Chiappetta, Eugene L., Ed.

227

Science Activities for the Physically Impaired.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the nine modules of the SAVI/SELPH program, a hands-on, multisensory science program developed for grade 4-7 visually impaired, orthopedically disabled, learning disabled, deaf, and multihandicapped students. Modules consist of measurement, structures of life, scientific reasoning, communication, magnetism and electricity, mixtures and…

James, Melodee L.

1987-01-01

228

Science based integrated approach to advanced nuclear fuel development - vision, approach, and overview  

SciTech Connect

Advancing the performance of Light Water Reactors, Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles, and Advanced Rcactors, such as the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plants, requires enhancing our fundamental understanding of fuel and materials behavior under irradiation. The capability to accurately model the nuclear fuel systems is critical. In order to understand specific aspects of the nuclear fuel, fully coupled fuel simulation codes are required to achieve licensing of specific nuclear fuel designs for operation. The backbone of these codes, models, and simulations is a fundamental understanding and predictive capability for simulating the phase and microstructural behavior of the nuclear fuel system materials and matrices. The purpose of this paper is to identify the modeling and simulation approach in order to deliver predictive tools for advanced fuels development. The coordination between experimental nuclear fuel design, development technical experts, and computational fuel modeling and simulation technical experts is a critical aspect of the approach and naturally leads to an integrated, goal-oriented science-based R & D approach and strengthens both the experimental and computational efforts. The Advanced Fuels Campaign (AFC) and Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Fuels Integrated Performance and Safety Code (IPSC) are working together to determine experimental data and modeling needs. The primary objective of the NEAMS fuels IPSC project is to deliver a coupled, three-dimensional, predictive computational platform for modeling the fabrication and both normal and abnormal operation of nuclear fuel pins and assemblies, applicable to both existing and future reactor fuel designs. The science based program is pursuing the development of an integrated multi-scale and multi-physics modeling and simulation platform for nuclear fuels. This overview paper discusses the vision, goals and approaches how to develop and implement the new approach.

Unal, Cetin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pasamehmetoglu, Kemal [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB; Carmack, Jon [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB

2010-01-01

229

University of Virginia: 8th Grade Physical Science SOL Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of 100+ hands-on activities in physical science, all developed by teacher fellows in the University of Virginia physics education department. Each activity provides lesson objectives, procedures for set-up, background information, and assessment. Many also contain photos and illustrations, plus modifications for students with disabilities. Topics include the nature of science, properties of matter, atomic structure and the Periodic Table, conservation of matter and energy, electricity, heat and temperature, sound, light, motion, and forces.

2011-11-21

230

Advanced Experiments in Nuclear Science, Volume I: Advanced Nuclear Physics and Chemistry Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The experiments in this manual represent state-of-the-art techniques which should be within the budgetary constraints of a college physics or chemistry department. There are fourteen experiments divided into five modules. The modules are on X-ray fluorescence, charged particle detection, neutron activation analysis, X-ray attenuation, and…

Duggan, Jerome L.; And Others

231

Agricultural Science Lab Activities. Instructor Guide. Volume 27, Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This instructor guide contains 20 laboratory activities for grades 9-10 Agricultural Science I-II classes. The activities are cross-referenced to Missouri Core Competencies and Key Skills. The activities are organized into the following areas: introductory (microscope use); animal nutrition (absorption of nutrients, bacteria and disease, enzyme…

Thompson, Gregory W.; And Others

232

Career Activities in Science: Grades 7, 8, 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The career activities guide in science, part of an Idaho State Department of Vocational Education career exploration series for grades 7, 8, and 9, is designed as supplementary material to enrich the regular curriculum. Any one activity in the guide might be used without involving any other activities. The cross-referenced index indicates grades,…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

233

Career Activities in Science: Grades 7, 8, 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The career activities guide in science, part of an Idaho State Department of Vocational Education career exploration series for grades 7, 8, and 9, is designed as supplementary material to enrich the regular curriculum. Any one activity in the guide might be used without involving any other activities. The cross-referenced index indicates grades,…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

234

Student task involvement in activity oriented science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The focus of this investigation was on relationships between teaching behaviors and student engagement in 13 middle school science classes. The results indicated that seven managerial variables and four instructional variables were significantly related to student engagement rates. Also the types of tasks allocated by teachers in science lessons were significantly related to the types of tasks undertaken by students. A canonical correlation analysis indicated significant relationships between three allocated task dimensions and three student engagement dimensions. Although teachers allocated adequate time for students to engage in investigation planning, data collecting, and data processing, the results indicated that overt engagement was prevalent only when data were collected. Attending was the predominant type of student engagement when investigations were planned and data were processed. The percentage of student time on task was approximately 63%. Rates of student off task behavior tended to be consistently high across all types of allocated tasks.

Tobin, Kenneth

235

Modifying ready-made science activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moving from a traditional didactic teaching approach to a student-centered inquiry approach to teaching as recommended byNational Science Education Standards is a challenging task for preservice teachers. The changing roles of the students and the teacher can be difficult to grasp\\u000a and implement. To help our preservice teachers with these changes in their thinking and later in their teaching, students

Susan Everett

2001-01-01

236

CAN ORNITHOLOGY ADVANCE AS A SCIENCE RELYING ON SIGNIFICANCE TESTING? A LITERATURE REVIEW IN SEARCH OF A CONSENSUS  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY.—Can ornithology advance as a science relying on significance testing? A review in search of a consensus. There is a sense of frustration among ornithologists, especially among those dealing with con- servation biology, regarding the usefulness of research results for decision-making. Similar prob- lems affect the social and behavioural human sciences and their failures have been partially linked with the

Alejandro MARTÍNEZ-ABRAÍN; Daniel ORO

237

Minds on Physics: Advanced Topics in Mechanics, Activities & Reader  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the last in a series of six books which involves activities designed for students. This volume deals with more advanced mechanical topics such as rotational motion, projectile motion, and relative motion. The activities part contains guidelines with which teachers can base activities and many questions which can be raised in class. The reader part creates opportunity for discussion and summarizes content covered after the activities have been performed.

Leonard, William J.; Dufresne, Robert J.; Gerace, William J.; Mestre, Jose P.

2006-07-22

238

Advanced Hybrid On-Board Science Data Processor - SpaceCube 2.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many of the missions proposed in the Earth Science Decadal Survey (ESDS) will require "next generation" on-board processing capabilities to meet their specified mission goals. Advanced laser altimeter, radar, lidar and hyper-spectral instruments are proposed for at least ten of the Decadal Survey missions, and all of these instrument systems will require advanced on-board processing capabilities to facilitate the timely conversion of Earth Science data into Earth Science information. Both an "order of magnitude" increase in processing power and the ability to "reconfigure on the fly" are required to implement algorithms that detect and react to events, to produce data products on-board for applications such as direct downlink, quick look, and "first responder" real-time awareness, to enable "sensor web" multi-platform collaboration, and to perform on-board "lossless" data reduction by migrating typical ground-based processing functions on-board, thus reducing on-board storage and downlink requirements. The convergence of technology collaborations between the Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), the U.S. Air Force and the Naval Research Lab (NRL) is being leveraged to produce a SpaceCube 2.0 on-board data processing system that will meet the on-board processing needs of the ESDS missions. SpaceCube 2.0 technology can directly support ACE, GEO-CAPE, HyspIRI, ICESat-II, LIST, SCLP, SMAP, SWOT, PATH and 3D-Winds.

Flatley, T.

2011-12-01

239

Activity and Language in Advanced Graduate Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent work integrating Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) with Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) forms a basis for systematizing action research in higher education. This basis strengthens what are often otherwise its methodological weaknesses, namely, the disconnection between analysis and subsequent plans for action and the…

Barowy, William; Thormann, Joan

2008-01-01

240

FY09 Advanced Instrumentation and Active Interrogation Research for Safeguards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple small-scale projects have been undertaken to investigate advanced instrumentation solutions for safeguard measurement challenges associated with advanced fuel cycle facilities and next-generation fuel reprocessing installations. These activities are in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cycle Research and Development program and its Materials Protection, Accounting, and Control for Transmutation (MPACT) campaign. 1) Work was performed in a

D. L. Chichester; S. A. Pozzi; E. H. Seabury; J. L. Dolan; M. Flaska; J. T. Johnson; S. M. Watson; J. Wharton

2009-01-01

241

"Discoveries in Planetary Sciences": Slide Sets Highlighting New Advances for Astronomy Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present two new features of an ongoing effort to bring recent newsworthy advances in planetary science to undergraduate lecture halls. The effort, called 'Discoveries in Planetary Sciences', summarizes selected recently announced discoveries that are 'too new for textbooks' in the form of 3-slide PowerPoint presentations. The first slide describes the discovery, the second slide discusses the underlying planetary science concepts at a level appropriate for students of 'Astronomy 101', and the third presents the big picture implications of the discovery. A fourth slide includes links to associated press releases, images, and primary sources. This effort is generously sponsored by the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society, and the slide sets are available at http://dps.aas.org/education/dpsdisc/ for download by undergraduate instructors or any interested party. Several new slide sets have just been released, and we summarize the topics covered. The slide sets are also being translated into languages other than English (including Spanish and Farsi), and we will provide an overview of the translation strategy and process. Finally, we will present web statistics on how many people are using the slide sets, as well as individual feedback from educators.

Brain, David; Schneider, N.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Afsharahmadi, F.

2012-10-01

242

Soft x-ray spectromicroscopy development for materials science at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

Several third generation synchrotron radiation facilities are now operational and the high brightness of these photon sources offers new opportunities for x-ray microscopy. Well developed synchrotron radiation spectroscopy techniques are being applied in new instruments capable of imaging the surface of a material with a spatial resolution smaller than one micron. There are two aspects to this. One is to further the field of surface science by exploring the effects of spatial variations across a surface on a scale not previously accessible to x-ray measurements. The other is to open up new analytical techniques in materials science using x-rays, on a spatial scale comparable to that of the processes or devices to be studied. The development of the spectromicroscopy program at the Advanced Light Source will employ a variety of instruments, some are already operational. Their development and use will be discussed, and recent results will be presented to illustrate their capabilities.

Warwick, T.; Padmore, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Ade, H. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Hitchcock, A.P. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Rightor, E.G. [Dow Texas Polymer Center, Freeport, TX (United States); Tonner, B.P. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

1996-08-01

243

What is Solar Activity? Space Science Workbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These classroom activities cover topics such as sunspots, the solar wind, magnetic storms, auroras, satellite design, and impacts of solar activity on humans. Included are materials lists, instructions, concluding concepts, and links to related topics

244

Early Adolescence: Active Science for Middle Schoolers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes activities appropriate for involving middle school students as active participants in the learning process. Topics discussed include archaeology, bulletin boards, dramatizations, physics experiments using the human body, oceanography, and ecology. (CS)

Padilla, Michael; Griffin, Nancy

1980-01-01

245

SMILE Pathway: Science and Math Activities in One Search Paradata  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The SMILE (Science and Math Informal Learning Educators) Pathway is for informal educators looking for high-quality STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) activities across multiple disciplines and contributing institutions. All materials are designed and chosen especially for those who teach school-aged kids in non-classroom settings. SMILE is also a meeting place for educators excited about what they do and ready to talk about how they do it. Additionally, SMILE creates a national partnership among science and technology centers, museums, community-based organizations, and out-of-school educators.

2010-03-19

246

Space physics activities in a high school science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space science is only rivaled by dinosaurs in popularity. We wish to use the natural interest in space science to motivate high school students to learn skills and concepts required by the TEKS, the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills. While the context of this set of connected activities is space weather, the actual skills being addressed include motion of objects and the nature of magnetism. We also are investigating the impact on student attitudes of using space science in the classroom. This talk will report the current status and future plans concerning this trial.

Bruntz, Robert; Lopez, Ramon

2000-10-01

247

Advances in active and nonlinear metamaterials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metamaterial research is an extremely important global activity that promises to change our lives in many different ways. These include making objects invisible and the dramatic impact of metamaterials upon the energy and medical sectors of society. Behind all of the applications, however, lies the business of creating metamaterials that are not going to be crippled by the kind of loss that is naturally heralded by use of resonant responses in their construction. Under the general heading of active and tunable metamaterials, an elegant route to the inclusion of nonlinearity and waveguide complexity coupled to soliton behavior suggested by forms of transformation dynamics is presented. In addition, various discussions will be framed within a magnetooptical environment that deploys externally applied magnetic field orientations. Light can then be directed to achieve energy control and be deployed for a variety of outcomes. Quite apart from the fact that the manufacture of metamaterials is attracting such a lot of global attention, the ability to control light, for example, in these materials is also immensely interesting and will lead to a new dawn of integrated circuits and computers. Recognizing the role of nonlinearity raises the possibility that dramatic manufacturing and applications are on the horizon.

Boardman, A. D.; Mitchell-Thomas, R. C.; Rapoport, Y. G.

2012-09-01

248

The Advancement of Family Therapy Theory Based on the Science of Self-Organizing Complex Systems.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problem. The purpose of this study was to review the literature which presents the latest advancements in the field of family therapy theory. Since such advancement has relied on the scientific developments in the study of autopoietic self-organizing complex systems, then the review began with an historical overview of the development of these natural scientific concepts. The study then examined how the latest scientific concepts have been integrated with family therapy practice. The document is built on the theory that individuals are living, complex, self-organizing, autopoietic systems. When individual systems interact with other individual systems (such as in family interaction, or in interaction between therapist and client), then a third system emerges, which is the relationship. It is through interaction in the relationship that transformation of an individual system can occur. Method. The historical antecedents of the field of family therapy were outlined. It was demonstrated, via literature review, that the field of family therapy has traditionally paralleled developments in the hard sciences. Further, it was demonstrated via literature review that the newest understandings of the development of individuals, family systems, and therapeutic systems also parallel recent natural science developments, namely those developments based on the science of self-organizing complex systems. Outcome. The results of the study are twofold. First, the study articulates an expanded theory of the therapist, individual, and family as autopoietic self-organizing complex systems. Second, the study provides an expanded hypothesis which concerns recommendations for future research which will further advance the latest theories of family therapy. More precisely, the expanded hypothesis suggests that qualitative research, rather than quantitative research, is the method of choice for studying the effectiveness of phenomenological therapy.

Ramsey-Kemper, Valerie Ann

1995-01-01

249

Acid Rain: Activities for Science Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seven complete secondary/college level acid rain activities are provided. Activities include overview; background information and societal implications; major concepts; student objectives; vocabulary/material lists; procedures; instructional strategies; and questions/discussion and extension suggestions. Activities consider effects of acid rain…

Johnson, Eric; And Others

1983-01-01

250

Attention Science Teachers: Classroom Activities with Water.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 10 activities is designed to give students a better grasp of concepts relating to groundwater, aquifers, and hydrology. Activities can be conducted as a demonstration (especially for younger students) or as a laboratory activity for students in higher grades. The guide contains an introduction for teachers and students, a…

HAZWRAP, The Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program.

251

Toward Epistemologically Authentic Engineering Design Activities in the Science Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract In recent years educators and educational researchers in the U.S. have begun to introduce engineering,design ,activities in secondary, science ,classrooms ,for the purpose ,of scaffolding science learning as well as supporting,such general problem-solving skills as decision making and working in teams. However, such curricula risk perpetuating a misconception about the nature of engineering design, or technology more broadly, as

Mary J. Leonard

252

Activation analysis in the environment: Science and technology  

SciTech Connect

Science is disciplined curiosity. Activation analysis was created more than 50 yr ago by Hevesy's curiosity and Levi's experimental skill. Technology is the exploitation of machines and materials for the fulfillment of human needs or wants. The early history of neutron activation analysis (NAA) was greatly influenced by military requirements. Since then the technique has found applications in many disciplines, including materials science, medicine, archaeology, geochemistry, agriculture, and forensic science. More recently, neutron activation analysts, responding to increasing public interest and concern, have made distinctive contributions to the study of environmental problems. Activation analysis, though it uses some procedures derived from physics, is essentially a chemical technique. The chemical study of the environment may be reviewed under many headings; three are discussed here: 1. occupational medicine 2. health of the general public 3. environmental pollution.

Lenihan, J. (Univ. of Glasgow (Scotland))

1989-11-01

253

Event-Based Science: Remote-Sensing Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These activities enable students to use remotely-sensed data- as they tackle the real-world problems and tasks found in existing Event-Based Science (EBS) modules. Remotely-sensed data are employed as an integral part of both the presentation of Earth system science concepts, and in the solutions to real-world problems. The activities emphasize the use of NASA remote-sensing data from satellites and sensors including: Landsat, GOES, and MODIS, and SeaWiFS. The EBS remote-sensing activities enhance EBS modules, including: Blight! Earthquake! Fire! Flood! Hurricane! Oil Spill! and Volcano!

2011-01-01

254

Inquiry based Physics Activities Developed for Science Method Courses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A set of inquiry based physics activities and lessons were developed for the PHYS-101 science methods course offered at Ohio Northern University. The PHYS-101 course, which is only open to students in the teacher education program, covers the same phsyics topics as the more general introductory physics course offered to all students. The PHYS 101- course has been enhanced by including the inquiry based activities and by covering science teaching methods. Students are then encouraged to use these activities and methods in their own classes when they graduate and become licensed as teachers. This project was funded by the Ohio Board of Regents' Title II Teacher Quality Enhancement Grant Program.

Theisen, William; Griggs, Irma; Hoff, Scott; Raeburn, Beth

2003-10-01

255

Advanced High School Biology in an Era of Rapid Change: A Summary of the Biology Panel Report from the NRC Committee on Programs for Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in American High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recently released National Research Council (NRC) report, "Learning and Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools", evaluated and recommended changes in the Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), and other advanced secondary school science programs. As part of this study,…

Wood, William B.

2002-01-01

256

Agricultural Education Science Activity--Nos. AEM 1-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains four science learning activities that can be used in agricultural education courses. The activities cover these topics: (1) determining the effect of air pressure on fluid flow; (2) how lubrication and oil viscosity affect friction; (3) determining relative strengths of wood fasteners; and (4) determining the effects of…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Agricultural Curriculum Materials Service.

257

Biomass I. Science Activities in Energy [and] Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for science students in fourth, fifth, and sixth grades, the activities in this unit illustrate principles and problems related to biomass as a form of energy. (The word biomass is used to describe all solid material of animal or vegetable origin from which energy may be extracted.) Twelve student activities using art, economics,…

Oak Ridge Associated Universities, TN.

258

Agricultural Education Science Activity--Nos. PS 1-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains six science learning activities that can be used in agricultural education courses. The activities cover these topics: (1) determining the effects of soil drainage on plant growth and development; (2) determining the effect of soil compaction on plant growth and development; (3) inoculating legume seeds to promote nodule…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Agricultural Curriculum Materials Service.

259

Agricultural Education Science Activity--Nos. AEM 1-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains four science learning activities that can be used in agricultural education courses. The activities cover these topics: (1) determining the effect of air pressure on fluid flow; (2) how lubrication and oil viscosity affect friction; (3) determining relative strengths of wood fasteners; and (4) determining the effects of…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Agricultural Curriculum Materials Service.

260

Agricultural Education Science Activity--Nos. PS 1-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains six science learning activities that can be used in agricultural education courses. The activities cover these topics: (1) determining the effects of soil drainage on plant growth and development; (2) determining the effect of soil compaction on plant growth and development; (3) inoculating legume seeds to promote nodule…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Agricultural Curriculum Materials Service.

261

Science Art: Projects and Activities That Teach Science Concepts and Develop Process Skills. Grades 2-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The activities in this collection are designed to help teachers bring the worlds of science and art into the classroom. Each activity is both a hands-on science investigation and an art experience. As students create satisfying art projects, they utilize science skills such as observing, predicting, investigating, and communicating. The projects…

Schecter, Deborah

262

Aviation Science Activities for Elementary Grades. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide contains the procedures and lists of materials needed for 105 aviation activities, demonstrations, and experiments. These activities, demonstrations, and experiments (suitable for students in all elementary grades) are organized into three sections by major topic area: (1) properties of air; (2) factors related to airplane flight; and…

Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

263

The effect of inquiry science activity in educational productivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a study the effect of inquiry science activity on the science achievement of junior high school students. Since the post-sputnik curriculum improvement project, science educators have supported the effect of inquiry activities. In terms of the effect of laboratory activity, however, the literature review indicated that the controlled experimental studies have failed to present the effect of laboratory activities. For example, Blosser suggested more rigid experimental design, such as longer treatment and larger sample. On the other hand, some of the recent case studies of effect of laboratory are successful to support the effect and the other recent classroom ethnographic studies indicated that the laboratory activities are implemented in inappropriate situation. This study investigates the effect of inquiry activities by using the national survey to balance the internal and external validity. In order to control the environmental effect and student aptitude, the study adopted the structural model of science achievement suggested by Reynolds and Walberg in 1991. The study utilized the extensive student and teacher data reports from the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY) to examine these differences and interactions quantitatively. The study utilized two independent variables: (1) teachers' report of the degree of their teaching emphasis on inquiry skill, and (2) teachers' report of the frequency of hands-on method. The effects of these instructional qualities are estimated in terms of the science achievement score of their student. The study utilized path analysis techniques in order to understand the complex relationship among the nine productivity factors; which are (1) motivation, (2) prior ability, (3) development, (4) home environment, (5) peer environment, (6) media environment, (7) classroom environment, (8) instructional quantity, and (9) instructional quality. The result failed to support the effectiveness of the hands-on science teaching. On the other hand, when teacher emphasize the scientific inquiry skill in lower grade, the effect of inquiry emphasis present the significant impact.

Shimizu, Kinya

264

The Role of the Global Energy and Water Cycle EXperiment (GEWEX) in Advancing Hydrologic Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NRC study which resulted in the 1991 “Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences” report, discussed the importance of integrated and comprehensive programs that addressed data, modeling, and process studies of the components of the hydrologic process cycle. Simultaneously, an international effort was being organized that became known as the Global Energy and Water Cycle EXperiment (GEWEX), an initiative of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP). The NRC report, on page 245, highlighted this new initiative as one of the important elements of advancing hydrologic sciences. The four scientific objectives defined for the program at the time were: 1. Determine the hydrological cycle and energy fluxes by global measurements of observable atmospheric and surface properties; 2. Model the hydrological cycle and its effects on the atmosphere, oceans and land surfaces; 3. Develop the ability to predict variation of global and regional hydrological processes and water resources, and their response to environmental change; 4. Advance the development of observing techniques, data management and assimilation systems for operational applications to long-range weather forecasting, hydrologic and climate predictions. It is nearly twenty years since the launch of the GEWEX project. This presentation summarizes the achievements of GEWEX to date and the challenges it faces in the future.

Sorooshian, S.; Chahine, M. T.; Ackerman, T. P.; Lawford, R. G.; Try, P. D.; van Oevelen, P. J.

2009-12-01

265

Activities for Kids: Montreal Science Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Montreal Science Centre's Kids section of their website has some fantastic games and simulations that encourage kids to "embrace interactive challenges", and can shed light on topics adults will find interesting too. Visitors will find that many different topics are explored, including implementing sustainable international development on a natural disaster-hit island in the game called "Sayansi". Visitors hoping to be future forensic scientists or fans of the CSI TV series will enjoy "Interactive File on Criminalistics", which explores the autopsy of a murder. This game won an education prize in 2005, and is suitable for ages 10 and up. The "36 Solutions" game requires visitors to play brief games to reveal a modern invention, and hear what it's about. One of the games revealed an image of a freezer pop that was made of cough medicine and flavoring in order to make medicine more palatable to kids. The narrator emphasizes that the freezer pop is in medical, tamper-proof packaging, so kids don't mistake it in the freezer for a traditional popsicle. There are at least half a dozen other games to play on this site, and all are well worth exploring.

266

Semiconductor Science Activities for High School Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The student activities in this packet are designed to be incorporated into a standard high school chemistry curriculum. The intent is to provide the student with an introduction to study of the facets of chemistry as they apply to semiconductor technology. Search MATECs clearinghouse for more educational materials at www.matecnetworks.org.Contents include:IntroductionBackground MaterialsGlossaryStudent Activities: Density of Solids, Doping by Diffusion, Etching and Photolithography, and Crystals.

Grady, Kim

2009-07-30

267

Physical activity in patients with advanced-stage cancer: a systematic review of the literature.  

PubMed

The importance of physical activity for chronic disease prevention and management has become generally well accepted. The number of research interventions and publications examining the benefits of physical activity for patients with cancer has been rising steadily. However, much of that research has focused on the impact of physical activity either prior to or early in the cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship process. Research focusing on the effects of physical activity, specifically for patients with advanced-stage cancer and poorer prognostic outcomes, has been addressed only recently. The purpose of this article is to examine the state of the science for physical activity in the advanced-stage disease subset of the cancer population. Exercise in a variety of intensities and forms, including yoga, walking, biking, and swimming, has many health benefits for people, including those diagnosed with cancer. Research has shown that, for people with cancer (including advanced-stage cancer), exercise can decrease anxiety, stress, and depression while improving levels of pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, constipation, and insomnia. People diagnosed with cancer should discuss with their oncologist safe, easy ways they can incorporate exercise into their daily lives. PMID:22641322

Albrecht, Tara A; Taylor, Ann Gill

2012-06-01

268

Accommodating Students with Disabilities in Soil Science Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Soil science education is lacking in terms of accommodations for persons with disabilities to the extent that these individuals are often excluded from soil science activities in school, and from careers in the discipline. This article describes a study whose goal was to develop accommodations to the soils protocols currently being used in the GLOBE (Global Learning Observations to Benefit the Environment) program. These new materials are based on the principles of universal design in education (UDE), so that GLOBE activities and materials can be accessible to a broad range of students, including students with disabilities.

Langley-Turnbaugh, S.

269

Science Activities for Teachers and Families To Explore with Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes science activities for preschool through primary-grade children, focusing on goals of science education, science processes, and characteristics of high-quality science activities. Notes that hands-on activities explore scientific concepts such as volume, gravity, heat conductivity, and condensation. (KB)

Abdi, S. Wali; Freilich, Mark B.; Taylor, Satomi Izumi

1998-01-01

270

Social Activism in Elementary Science Education: A Science, Technology, and Society Approach to Teach Global Warming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a large-scale instructional intervention research, this study examined elementary students' science knowledge and awareness of social activism with regard to an increased greenhouse effect and global warming. The study involved fifth-grade students from five elementary schools of varying demographic makeup in a large urban school…

Lester, Benjamin T.; Ma, Li; Lee, Okhee; Lambert, Julie

2006-01-01

271

Teachers' Willingness to Adopt Nature of Science Activities Following a Physical Science Professional Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The major science education reform documents emphasize the need for K-12 students to have a robust understanding of nature of science (NOS), and inservice teachers consequently need to develop their NOS teaching repertoires. This study investigated the extent to which science teachers were willing to adopt new strategies and activities for teaching NOS in their classrooms. The participants were 36 elementary, middle, and high school teachers who were completing a year-long physical science professional development (PD) that included NOS instruction. Data sources consisted of surveys (teachers' NOS views, teaching practices), collected work, and responses to post-PD follow-up questions. The professional development course was successful in that teachers incorporated many of these strategies and activities into their own practice. This study also endeavored to identify factors that facilitated the adoption of these new approaches to teaching NOS. While personal characteristics such as pre- or post-PD NOS understandings, NOS gains, and grade level taught were not related to the number of NOS activities incorporated, teachers from suburban and rural schools were significantly more likely to implement NOS activities.

Donnelly, Lisa A.; Argyle, Sean

2011-10-01

272

Semiconductor Science Activities for High School Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The student activities in this packet are designed to be incorporated into a standard high school physics curriculum. The intent is to provide the student with an introduction to study of the electronic facets of physics as they apply to semiconductor technology.

Grady, Kim

2009-07-29

273

Ocean Planet. Interdisciplinary Marine Science Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ocean Planet is a traveling exhibition from the Smithsonian Institution designed to share with the public what recent research has revealed about the oceans and to encourage ocean conservation. This booklet of lessons and activities adapts several themes from the exhibition for use in middle and high school classrooms. Lesson plans include:…

Branca, Barbara

274

Ocean Planet. Interdisciplinary Marine Science Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Ocean Planet is a traveling exhibition from the Smithsonian Institution designed to share with the public what recent research has revealed about the oceans and to encourage ocean conservation. This booklet of lessons and activities adapts several themes from the exhibition for use in middle and high school classrooms. Lesson plans include:…

Branca, Barbara

275

Progress toward a Semantic eScience Framework; building on advanced cyberinfrastructure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The configurable and extensible semantic eScience framework (SESF) has begun development and implementation of several semantic application components. Extensions and improvements to several ontologies have been made based on distinct interdisciplinary use cases ranging from solar physics, to biologicl and chemical oceanography. Importantly, these semantic representations mediate access to a diverse set of existing and emerging cyberinfrastructure. Among the advances are the population of triple stores with web accessible query services. A triple store is akin to a relational data store where the basic stored unit is a subject-predicate-object tuple. Access via a query is provided by the W3 Recommendation language specification SPARQL. Upon this middle tier of semantic cyberinfrastructure, we have developed several forms of semantic faceted search, including provenance-awareness. We report on the rapid advances in semantic technologies and tools and how we are sustaining the software path for the required technical advances as well as the ontology improvements and increased functionality of the semantic applications including how they are integrated into web-based portals (e.g. Drupal) and web services. Lastly, we indicate future work direction and opportunities for collaboration.

McGuinness, D. L.; Fox, P. A.; West, P.; Rozell, E.; Zednik, S.; Chang, C.

2010-12-01

276

PREFACE: Advanced Science Research Symposium 2009 Positron, Muon and other exotic particle beams for materials and atomic/molecular sciences (ASR2009)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is our great pleasure to deliver the proceedings of ASR2009, the Advanced Science Research International Symposium 2009. ASR2009 is part of a series of symposia which is hosted by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Advanced Science Research Center (JAEA-ASRC), and held every year with different scientific topics. ASR2009 was held at Tokai in Japan from 10-12 November 2009. In total, 102 participants, including 29 overseas scientists, made 44 oral presentations and 64 poster presentations. In ASR2009 we have focused on material and atomic/molecular science research using positrons, muons and other exotic particle beams. The symposium covered all the fields of materials science which use such exotic particle beams. Positrons, muons and other beams have similar and different features. For example, although positrons and muons are both leptons having charge and spin, they give quite different information about materials. A muon mainly detects the local magnetic state of the solid, while a positron detects crystal imperfections and electron momenta in solids. Other exotic particle beams also provide useful information about materials which is not able to be obtained with muons or positrons. Therefore, the complementary use of particle beams, coupled with an understanding of their relative advantages, leads to greater excellence in materials research. This symposium crossed the fields of muon science, positron science, unstable-nuclei science, and other exotic particle-beam science. We therefore believe that ASR2009 became an especially important meeting for finding new science with exotic particle beams. Finally, we would like to extend our appreciation to all the participants, committee members, and support staff for their great efforts to make ASR2009 a fruitful symposium. ASR2009 Chairs Wataru Higemoto and Atsuo Kawasuso Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency Organizing committee Y Hatano, JAEA (Director of ASRC) M Fujinami, Chiba Univ. R H Heffner, JAEA/LANL W Higemoto, JAEA (Co-chair) T Hyodo, Univ. Tokyo I Kanazawa, Tokyo Gakugei Univ. A Kawasuso, JAEA (Co-chair) Y Kobayashi, AIST T Matsuzaki, RIKEN-RAL Y Miyake, KEK N Nishida, Tokyo IT K Nishiyama, KEK I Shimamura, RIKEN Y Shirai, Kyoto Univ. R Suzuki, AIST A Uedono, Univ. Tsukuba Local organizing committee (JAEA) M Maekawa Y Fukaya T U Ito A Yabuuchi K Ninomiya T Hirade W Higemoto A Kawasuso S Sakurai Secretariat (JAEA) H Sekino Cooperation The Physical Society of Japan Positron Science Society Society of Muon and Meson Science of Japan International Society for ?SR Spectroscopy Conference photograph

Higemoto, Wataru; Kawasuso, Atsuo

2010-05-01

277

Developing a Repertoire of Activities for Teaching Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity manual is divided into 15 units which focus on: the nature of science; metric measurements; properties of matter; energy; atomic structure; chemical reactions; acids, bases, and salts; temperature and heat; readioactivity; mechanics; wave motion, sound, and light; static charges and current electricity magnetism and electromagnetism;…

Cain, Peggy W.

278

Hands On Physical Science Activities for Middle Schools. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was written on the premise that learning science should be fun and rewarding. The teacher may use it as the foundation for an extended middle school curriculum spanning more than one year or to supplement an existing curriculum with individual sections or exercises from the book. The activities have been organized and designed in a…

Levy, Salvator S.

279

Magnetic braking revisited: an activity for How science works  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Curriculum for 14-16 year old students in England contains a mandatory element called How science works. Included in this material is interpretation of data, collecting data from primary sources, using ICT tools, and developing an argument and drawing conclusions. What follows is an activity, based on magnetic braking, which allows students to develop these areas and more.

Ireson, Gren; Twidle, John

2008-09-01

280

Active teaching for higher cognitive learning in science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews research related to teaching and learning higher cognitive level objectives in science from a constructivist perspective. The literature supports an active model of teaching whereby all students are provided with opportunities for overt engagement in learning tasks. Factors associated with the learner, delivery of instruction and task management interact to influence the quality of learning in classrooms.

Kenneth Tobin; William Capie; Antonio Bettencourt

1988-01-01

281

Guided Leech Activity and Record Keeping in a Science Notebook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is a teacher-directed investigation where students observe leeches, create questions and determine which ones are investigable. Together, teacher and students design and carry out a test for their question and record the information in a science notebook.

Toops, Kim

282

Microgravity: Teacher's Guide with Activities for Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide to microgravity contains 16 student science activities with full background information to facilitate an understanding of the concepts of microgravity for teachers and students. Topics covered in the background sections include the definitions of gravity and microgravity, creating microgravity, the fluid state, combustion…

Vogt, Gregory L.; Wargo, Michael J.

283

Microgravity: Teacher's Guide with Activities for Physical Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher's guide to microgravity contains 16 student science activities with full background information to facilitate an understanding of the concepts of microgravity for teachers and students. Topics covered in the background sections include the definitions of gravity and microgravity, creating microgravity, the fluid state, combustion…

Vogt, Gregory L.; Wargo, Michael J.

284

Active Classroom Participation in a Group Scribbles Primary Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A key stimulus of learning efficacy for students in the classroom is active participation and engagement in the learning process. This study examines the nature of teacher-student and student-student discourse when leveraged by an interactive technology--Group Scribbles (GS) in a Primary 5 Science classroom in Singapore which supports rapid…

Chen, Wenli; Looi, Chee-Kit

2011-01-01

285

Hands On Physical Science Activities for Middle Schools. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book was written on the premise that learning science should be fun and rewarding. The teacher may use it as the foundation for an extended middle school curriculum spanning more than one year or to supplement an existing curriculum with individual sections or exercises from the book. The activities have been organized and designed in a…

Levy, Salvator S.

286

Active Classroom Participation in a Group Scribbles Primary Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key stimulus of learning efficacy for students in the classroom is active participation and engagement in the learning process. This study examines the nature of teacher-student and student-student discourse when leveraged by an interactive technology--Group Scribbles (GS) in a Primary 5 Science classroom in Singapore which supports rapid…

Chen, Wenli; Looi, Chee-Kit

2011-01-01

287

Teaching computer science and programming concepts using LEGO NXT and TETRIX robotics, and computer science unplugged activities (abstract only)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Auburn University's Robo Camp K12 outreach program integrates various robotics platforms to maximize students' critical thinking and creativity development. This work presents how robotics could be used to teach students computer science concepts and skills through implementing the Computer Science Unplugged (CSU) activities. CSU provide an insightful learning environment where students learn computer science concepts through some playful, coordinated and

Daniela Marghitu; Taha Ben Brahim; John Weaver

2012-01-01

288

S.E.A. Lab. Science Experiments and Activities. Marine Science for High School Students in Chemistry, Biology and Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of science experiments and activities designed for secondary school students taking biology, chemistry, physics, physical science or marine science courses are outlined. Each of the three major sections--chemistry, biology, and physics--addresses concepts that are generally covered in those courses but incorporates aspects of marine…

Hart, Kathy, Ed.

289

S.E.A. Lab. Science Experiments and Activities. Marine Science for High School Students in Chemistry, Biology and Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A series of science experiments and activities designed for secondary school students taking biology, chemistry, physics, physical science or marine science courses are outlined. Each of the three major sections--chemistry, biology, and physics--addresses concepts that are generally covered in those courses but incorporates aspects of marine…

Hart, Kathy, Ed.

290

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and its activities  

SciTech Connect

This 1999 annual report of the activities of the National Research Council's (NRC) Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (BESR) begins with an introduction to the Board. This report (1) lists activities of the Board sustained by Department of Energy support, (2) presents accomplishments of the Board, (3) describes current and proposed studies of the Board, and (4) provides a brief review of the Board's future plans.

de Souza, Dr. Anthony R.

2000-02-23

291

Math and Science Partnership Program: Strengthening America by Advancing Academic Achievement in Mathematics and Science. NSF-05-069  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents an overview of the Math Science Partnership program (MSP) at the National Science Foundation (NSF). This program responds to a growing national concern--the educational performance of U.S. children in mathematics and science. Through the MSP, NSF awards competitive, merit-based grants to teams composed of institutions of…

National Science Foundation, 2006

2006-01-01

292

HBT-EP Research Program: Advancing Active Mode Control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HBT-EP (http://www.seas.columbia.edu/apam/hbtep/) active mode control research is advancing ITER and fusion relevant modular feedback control coil configurations and their impact on kink mode rigidity, advanced control algorithms, and the effects of plasma rotation on MHD mode stability. This poster our plans to use our recently enhanced active mode control facility (i) to quantify external kink dynamics and multimode response to applied magnetic perturbations, (ii) to develop and understand the relationship between control coil configuration, conducting and ferritic wall configuration, and active feedback control effectiveness, and (iii) to explore advanced feedback control algorithms and internal feedback control coil configurations that are ITER and reactor relevant. Together with our successful high-speed multiple-input-output (MIMO) digital control system, an improved capability from the VALEN 3D feedback modeling code, and a very highly-instrumented control wall, we aim to optimize the use of modular feedback coils to control instability growth near the ideal wall stabilization limit, answer critical questions about the role of plasma rotation in active control of the Resistive Wall Mode (RWM) and the Ferritic Resistive Wall Mode (FRWM), and improve the performance of control systems used in fusion experiments.

Navratil, G. A.; Byrne, P. J.; Debono, B.; Levesque, J. P.; Li, B. Q.; Mauel, M. E.; Maurer, D. A.; Rath, N.; Shiraki, D.

2010-11-01

293

Development of scanning X-ray microscopes for materials science spectromicroscopy at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

Third generation synchrotron sources of soft x-rays provide an excellent opportunity to apply established x-ray spectroscopic materials analysis techniques to surface imaging on a sub-micron scale. This paper describes an effort underway at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) to pursue this development using Fresnel zone plate lenses. These are used to produce a sub-micron spot of x-rays for use in scanning microscopy. Several groups have developed microscopes using this technique. A specimen is rastered in the focused x-ray spot and a detector signal is acquired as a function of position to generate an image. Spectroscopic capability is added by holding the small spot on a feature of interest and scanning through the spectrum. The authors are pursuing two spectroscopic techniques: Near Edge X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (NEXAFS), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) which together provide a powerful capability for light element analysis in materials science.

Warwick, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Ade, H. [North Carlina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Cerasari, S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)]|[Univ. di Trieste (Italy)] [and others

1997-07-01

294

Science and Technology to Advance Regional Security in the Middle East and Central Asia  

SciTech Connect

This paper is concerned with the promotion and advancement of regional security in the Middle East and Central Asia through the development of bilateral and multilateral cooperation on targeted scientific and technical projects. It is widely recognized that increasing tensions and instability in many parts of the world emphasize--or reemphasize--a need to seek and promote regional security in these areas. At the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), a national security research facility operated for the US Department of Energy, we are pursuing an effort to use science and technology as a ''low risk'' means of engagement in regions of strategic importance to the United States. In particular, we are developing collaborations and cooperative projects among (and between) national laboratory scientists in the US and our various counterparts in the countries of interest.

Tompson, A F B; Richardson, J H; Ragaini, R C; Knapp, R B; Rosenberg, N D; Smith, D K; Ball, D Y

2002-10-09

295

101 Environmental Education Activities. Booklet 5--Science & Social Studies (Interdisciplinary) Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forestry is the main focus of this fifth booklet in the series "101 Environmental Education Activities" by the Upper Mississippi River ECO-Center. Designed for students in the intermediate grades and junior high school, the booklet contains 9 science and social studies activities and 5 interdisciplinary activities. Most activity descriptions…

Whitney, Helen, Comp.

296

A NATIONAL COLLABORATORY TO ADVANCE THE SCIENCE OF HIGH TEMPERATURE PLASMA PHYSICS FOR MAGNETIC FUSION  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the work of the University of Utah, which was a member of the National Fusion Collaboratory (NFC) Project funded by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) under the Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing Program (SciDAC) to develop a persistent infrastructure to enable scientific collaboration for magnetic fusion research. A five year project that was initiated in 2001, it the NFC built on the past collaborative work performed within the U.S. fusion community and added the component of computer science research done with the USDOE Office of Science, Office of Advanced Scientific Computer Research. The project was itself a collaboration, itself uniting fusion scientists from General Atomics, MIT, and PPPL and computer scientists from ANL, LBNL, and Princeton University, and the University of Utah to form a coordinated team. The group leveraged existing computer science technology where possible and extended or created new capabilities where required. The complete finial report is attached as an addendum. The In the collaboration, the primary technical responsibility of the University of Utah in the collaboration was to develop and deploy an advanced scientific visualization service. To achieve this goal, the SCIRun Problem Solving Environment (PSE) is used on FusionGrid for an advanced scientific visualization service. SCIRun is open source software that gives the user the ability to create complex 3D visualizations and 2D graphics. This capability allows for the exploration of complex simulation results and the comparison of simulation and experimental data. SCIRun on FusionGrid gives the scientist a no-license-cost visualization capability that rivals present day commercial visualization packages. To accelerate the usage of SCIRun within the fusion community, a stand-alone application built on top of SCIRun was developed and deployed. This application, FusionViewer, allows users who are unfamiliar with SCIRun to quickly create visualizations and perform analysis of their simulation data from either the MDSplus data storage environment or from locally stored HDF5 files. More advanced tools for visualization and analysis also were created in collaboration with the SciDAC Center for Extended MHD Modeling. Versions of SCIRun with the FusionViewer have been made available to fusion scientists on the Mac OS X, Linux, and other Unix based platforms and have been downloaded 1163 times. SCIRun has been used with NIMROD, M3D, BOUT fusion simulation data as well as simulation data from other SciDAC application areas (e.g., Astrophysics). The subsequent visualization results - including animations - have been incorporated into invited talks at multiple APS/DPP meetings as well as peer reviewed journal articles. As an example, SCIRun was used for the visualization and analysis of a NIMROD simulation of a disruption that occurred in a DIII-D experiment. The resulting animations and stills were presented as part of invited talks at APS/DPP meetings and the SC04 conference in addition to being highlighted in the NIH/NSF Visualization Research Challenges Report. By achieving its technical goals, the University of Utah played a key role in the successful development of a persistent infrastructure to enable scientific collaboration for magnetic fusion research. Many of the visualization tools developed as part of the NFC continue to be used by Fusion and other SciDAC application scientists and are currently being supported and expanded through follow-on up on SciDAC projects (Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technology, and the Visualization and Analysis in Support of Fusion SAP).

Allen R. Sanderson; Christopher R. Johnson

2006-08-01

297

Using Enrichment and Extracurricular Activities to Influence Secondary Students' Interest and Participation in Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quasi-longitudinal case study was used to determine the effects on secondary students of participation in a program of enrichment and extracurricular science activities in terms of their interest and enjoyment in being involved in science activities, their motivation to continue to participate in science, and their perceptions about scientists and about the role of science in society. Two groups

Peter Eastwell; Léonie Rennie

298

To Recruit and Advance: Women Students and Faculty in Science and Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In recent years, there has been some rather positive news about the absolute number of women who are choosing to go to college. In short, there are more of them then ever, and they are moving towards constituting a statistical majority of the college-age population. What many consider to be quite troubling is the fact that relatively few women are able to effectively pursue advanced careers in science and engineering. The National Academy of Sciences has commissioned this recent work, which examines a number of related questions, including how institutions might better recruit and retain female undergraduates and graduate students and also how said institutions might be able to increase the tenure rate for female faculty in these fields of academic endeavor. Published in 2006, the 131-page report is divided into seven chapters, an introduction, and a conclusion. Overall, the report will be most useful to those in higher education administration and outside parties who might be concerned about these trends.

2006-01-01

299

Freud Said--or Simon Says? Informed consent and the advancement of psychoanalysis as a science.  

PubMed

Is it ever permissible to publish a patient's confidences without permission? I investigate this question for the field of psychoanalysis. Whereas most medical fields adopted a 1995 recommendation for consent requirements, psychoanalysis continues to defend the traditional practice of nonconsensual publication. Both the hermeneutic and the scientific branches of the field justify the practice, arguing that it provides data needed to help future patients, and both branches advance generalizations and causal claims. However the hermeneutic branch embraces methods tending to undermine the reliability of such claims, while the scientific branch aims to improve the field's empirical base - in their words, to advance psychoanalysis as a science. The scientific branch therefore has the stronger claim to the traditional practice, and it their claim that I consider. An immediate concern arises. We seem unable to answer the applied ethical question without first determining which ethical theory is correct; for defenders of the practice appeal variously to therapeutic privilege, principlism, and utilitarianism, while opponents wage autonomy-based arguments. The concern turns out to be unfounded, however, because all of these ethical approaches fail to justify the traditional practice. The more promising defenses fail partly because even the scientific branch of the field lacks empirically sound methods for establishing its causal claims and generalizations, often appealing to authority instead. I conclude that it is currently unethical for analysts to continue publishing their patients' confidences without permission, and I suggest that the field help future patients by attending to its methodological problems. PMID:16850202

Kochiras, Hylarie

2006-01-01

300

Sport Activity - Systematic Approach to Science, Technology and Art Part One: Supportive Sport Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's sport has different aims and forms. It is investigated by many sciences: basic, supportive, real sport sciences. There exist also many technological, cultural and artistic approaches to sport. The paper presents a systematic review of all supportive sciences devoted to sports. There are: humanities, economy, formal and natural sciences, life sciences, health sciences, pathology and medicine. Within humanities there

S. Erdmann

301

Editorial Next-Generation Digital Earth? A position paper from the Vespucci Initiative for the Advancement of Geographic Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This position paper is the outcome of a joint reflection by a group of international geographic and environmental scientists from government, industry, and academia brought together by the Vespucci Initiative for the Advancement of Geographic Information Science, and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. It argues that the vision of Digital Earth put forward by Vice- President Al

Max Craglia; Michael F. Goodchild; Alessandro Annoni; Gilberto Camara

302

Gender Equity in Science and Engineering: Advancing Change in Higher Education. Routledge Studies in Management, Organizations and Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women faculty's participation in academic science and engineering is critical for future US global competitiveness, yet their underrepresentation particularly in senior positions remains a widespread problem. To overcome persistent institutional resistance and barriers to change, the "NSF ADVANCE" institutional transformation initiative,…

Bilimoria, Diana; Liang, Xiangfen

2011-01-01

303

Gender Equity in Science and Engineering: Advancing Change in Higher Education. Routledge Studies in Management, Organizations and Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Women faculty's participation in academic science and engineering is critical for future US global competitiveness, yet their underrepresentation particularly in senior positions remains a widespread problem. To overcome persistent institutional resistance and barriers to change, the "NSF ADVANCE" institutional transformation initiative,…

Bilimoria, Diana; Liang, Xiangfen

2011-01-01

304

High School Students' Attitudes and Beliefs on Using the Science Writing Heuristic in an Advanced Placement Chemistry Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses student attitudes and beliefs on using the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) in an advanced placement (AP) chemistry classroom. During the 2007 school year, the SWH was used in a class of 24 AP chemistry students. Using a Likert-type survey, student attitudes and beliefs on the process were determined. Methods for the study are…

Putti, Alice

2011-01-01

305

Informing Lunar and Martian Science Operations Scenarios Through Underwater Analog Mission Activities at Pavilion Lake, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a synopsis of the analog science and exploration activities of the Pavilion Lake Research Project (PLRP). The activities include the deployment of single-person DeepWorker submersibles and the field science training of astronauts.

D. S. S. Lim; M. Gernhardt; R. Shepard; A. L. Brady; M. M. Marinova; M. Wilhelm; A. Forrest; Z. Cardman; A. Abercromby; M. Deans; D. Lees; R. Arnold; B. Cowie; G. F. Slater; B. Laval; D. Reid; C. P. McKay

2010-01-01

306

Informing Lunar and Martian Science Operations Scenarios Through Underwater Analog Mission Activities at Pavilion Lake, Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a synopsis of the analog science and exploration activities of the Pavilion Lake Research Project (PLRP). The activities include the deployment of single-person DeepWorker submersibles and the field science training of astronauts.

Lim, D. S. S.; Gernhardt, M.; Shepard, R.; Brady, A. L.; Marinova, M. M.; Wilhelm, M.; Forrest, A.; Cardman, Z.; Abercromby, A.; Deans, M.; Lees, D.; Arnold, R.; Cowie, B.; Slater, G. F.; Laval, B.; Reid, D.; McKay, C. P.

2010-04-01

307

Enhancing Earth Science And IT Literacy Through Environmental Science Information Technology Activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Environmental Science Information Technology Activities (ESITA) program provides grades 9 and 10 students with under-represented minority backgrounds in the East San Francisco Bay Area with real-world opportunities to learn about and apply information technologies through a series of project-based activities related to environmental science. Supported by the NSF Information Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST) program, ESITA activities engage students in the use of newly acquired information technology (IT) skills and understandings while performing air and water quality research investigations. One project that ESITA students have become involved in relates to the currently relevant issue of elevated levels of lead found in drinking waters in Washington, D.C. Students based in the Bay Area have initiated and maintained E-mail correspondence with children who attend elementary schools in the D.C. area. After receiving a thorough explanation of required sampling procedures devised by the Bay Area students, the elementary school children have sent 500 ml water samples from their homes and schools to Berkeley along with information about the locations from which the water samples were collected. These samples were then prepared for lead analysis at Lawrence Hall of Science by ESITA students, who used resulting data to perform a preliminary assessment of the geospatial distribution of lead trouble spots throughout Washington, DC. Later, ESITA student scientists will work with students from the UC Berkeley School of Public Health to develop surveys and questionnaires that generate high quality information useful with regard to assessing the impact of the current lead crisis on younger children in the Washington, D.C. area. Through the application of new understandings to current, real-world environmental problems and issues such as that related to lead, positive changes in students' attitudes towards IT and science have occurred, which accompany increases in their content learning and skills acquisition abilities.

Cuff, K. E.; Molinaro, M.

2004-12-01

308

University of Virginia Physical Science SOL Activities: Balloon Electroscope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item is a lesson plan for the teacher of beginning high school physics and/or physical science. It provides directions for designing a simple electroscope demonstration and updates the classic "kissing balloon" activity with creative additions. Included are printable student data sheets and comprehensive background information on static electricity. This lesson is part of a larger collection generated by the University of Virginia Department of Physics outreach program. See Related Materials for a link to the full collection.

2006-11-09

309

Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for earth science  

SciTech Connect

A teaching manual is provided to aid teachers in introducing renewable energy topics to earth science students. The main emphasis is placed on solar energy. Activities for the student include a study of the greenhouse effect, solar gain for home heating, measuring solar radiation, and the construction of a model solar still to obtain fresh water. Instructions for the construction of apparatus to demonstrate a solar still, the greenhouse effect and measurement of the altitude and azimuth of the sun are included. (BCS)

Not Available

1980-01-01

310

Learning about Earth Science: Tables and Tabulations. Superific Science Book X. A Good Apple Science Activity Book for Grades 5-8+.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an effort to provide science teachers with the tables and scales most often used in teaching earth science, this document was designed to coordinate each table with meaningful activities, projects and experiments. The major areas covered by the booklet are: (1) electromagnetic waves (with activities about light waves and sound waves); (2) the…

Conway, Lorraine

311

2009 Biospecimen research network symposium: advancing cancer research through biospecimen science.  

PubMed

This report details the proceedings of the 2009 Biospecimen Research Network (BRN) Symposium that took place on March 16 to 18, 2009, the second in a series of annual symposia sponsored by the National Cancer Institute Office of Biorepositories and Biospecimen Research. The BRN Symposium is a public forum addressing the relevance of biospecimen quality to progress in cancer research and the systematic investigation needed to understand how different methods of collection, processing, and storage of human biospecimens affect subsequent molecular research results. More than 300 participants from industry, academia, and government attended the symposium, which featured both formal presentations and a day of workshops aimed at addressing several key issues in biospecimen science. An additional 100 individuals participated via a live webcast (archived at http://brnsymposium.com). The BRN Symposium is part of a larger program designed as a networked, multidisciplinary research approach to increase the knowledge base for biospecimen science. Biospecimens are generally understood to represent an accurate representation of a patient's disease biology, but can instead reflect a combination of disease biology and the biospecimen's response to a wide range of biological stresses. The molecular signatures of disease can thus be confounded by the signatures of biospecimen biological stress, with the potential to affect clinical and research outcomes through incorrect diagnosis of disease, improper use of a given therapy, and irreproducible research results that can lead to misinterpretation of artifacts as biomarkers. Biospecimen research represents the kind of bricks-and-mortar research that provides a solid scientific foundation for future advances that will directly help patients. PMID:19706749

Moore, Helen M; Compton, Carolyn C; Lim, Mark D; Vaught, Jimmie; Christiansen, Katerina N; Alper, Joe

2009-08-25

312

The GIANT Encyclopedia of Science Activities for Children 3 to 6: More Than 600 Science Activities Written by Teachers for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents science activities developed by teachers for children ages 3-6 years old. The activities aim to develop science skills including communication, observation, estimation, measurement, cause and effect, investigation, and evaluation in children by using their curiosity as a staring point. Activities include age suggestions, address…

Charner, Kathy, Ed.

313

The GIANT Encyclopedia of Science Activities for Children 3 to 6: More Than 600 Science Activities Written by Teachers for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents science activities developed by teachers for children ages 3-6 years old. The activities aim to develop science skills including communication, observation, estimation, measurement, cause and effect, investigation, and evaluation in children by using their curiosity as a staring point. Activities include age suggestions,…

Charner, Kathy, Ed.

314

14 CFR 1266.104 - Cross-waiver of liability for launch agreements for science or space exploration activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...liability for launch agreements for science or space exploration activities unrelated...liability for launch agreements for science or space exploration activities unrelated...parties to agreements for NASA's science or space exploration activities that...

2011-01-01

315

14 CFR 1266.104 - Cross-waiver of liability for launch agreements for science or space exploration activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...liability for launch agreements for science or space exploration activities...to agreements for NASA's science or space exploration activities...party to a NASA agreement for science or space exploration activities...profits; or (iv) Other direct, indirect, or...

2009-01-01

316

Unexpected Allies: Advancing Literacy in a "Science-English" Cross-Curricular Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical reading of science-based media reports is an authentic context in which to explore the mutual interests of teachers of science and English, who want to use science in the media to promote their subject discipline while encouraging cross-curricular learning. This empirical study focused on 90 teachers of science and English to explore…

McClune, Billy; Alexander, Joy; Jarman, Ruth

2012-01-01

317

Development and Implementation of Advanced Science Training Modules for Elementary Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assist GK-12 teachers in their effort to improve science and math instruction, the STARS (Students, Teachers and Resources in the Sciences) program from the University of South Florida has developed a science training plan for teachers in the 3-5 band. STARS is a National Science Foundation project, which aims to promote systemic change in primary grade levels by enriching

Grisselle Centeno; Souheil Zekri; Wandaliz Torres-García

2006-01-01

318

Assessing the Impact Participation in Science Journalism Activities Has on Scientific Literacy among High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of the National Science Foundation Science Literacy through Science Journalism (SciJourn) research and development initiative (http://www.scijourn.org; Polman, Saul, Newman, and Farrar, 2008) a quasi-experimental design was used to investigate what impact incorporating science journalism activities had on students' scientific literacy.…

Farrar, Cathy

2012-01-01

319

Assessing the Impact Participation in Science Journalism Activities Has on Scientific Literacy among High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the National Science Foundation Science Literacy through Science Journalism (SciJourn) research and development initiative (http://www.scijourn.org; Polman, Saul, Newman, and Farrar, 2008) a quasi-experimental design was used to investigate what impact incorporating science journalism activities had on students' scientific literacy.…

Farrar, Cathy

2012-01-01

320

The NASA New Millennium Program: Space Flight Validation of Advanced Technologies for Future Science Missions.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A broad range of advanced technologies are needed to support NASA's ambitious plans for planetary exploration during the next decade. To address these needs, the NASA New Millennium Program (NMP) identifies breakthrough spacecraft and instrument technologies and validates them in space to reduce their cost and risk. The first NMP Deep Space mission, DS1, was launched on October 24, 1998. Since then, it has successfully validated a solar-powered ion propulsion system, a miniaturized deep space transponder, autonomous operations and navigation software, multifunctional structures, low-power microelectronics and 2 instruments: the Miniature Integrated Camera and Spectrometer (MICAS), and the Plasma Experiment for Planetary Exploration (PEPE). To validate these technologies in a realistic environment, DS1's trajectory includes a close (<10km) flyby of asteroid 1992KD. An extended mission will allow encounters with comets Wilson-Harrington and Borrelly. The second NMP mission, DS2, consists of a pair of micro penetrators that are targeted near the Martian South Pole (71 to 76 S). DS2 was launched on January 3, 1999 as a piggyback payload on the Mars Surveyor '98 Lander cruise stage. After crashing into the Martian surface at greater than 200 m/s on December 3, 1999, these probes will validate technologies that will enable future Mars penetrator networks. These technologies include a single-stage, passive atmospheric entry system and a high-impact landing system designed to deliver a payload up to 1 meter below the Martian surface. This mission will also validate a miniaturized telecom system, low-temperature batteries, a suite of miniaturized in-situ scientific instruments, and other innovative packaging technologies. The next 2 NMP space science missions are currently being planned. If approved, Space Technology 3 (ST3) will validate technologies for separated spacecraft optical interferometry, to enable the ambitious Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission. The ST5 mission will validate advanced technologies needed by the space physics and astrophysics communities.

Crisp, D.; Raymond, C.

1999-09-01

321

Behavioral Science and the Study of Gene–Nutrition and Gene–Physical Activity Interactions in Obesity Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes emerging opportunities for behavioral science to help advance the field of gene–environment and gene–behavior interactions, based on presentations at The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Workshop, “Gene–Nutrition and Gene–Physical Activity Interactions in the Etiology of Obesity.” Three opportunities are highlighted: (i) designing potent behavioral “challenges” in experiments, (ii) determining viable behavioral phenotypes for genetics studies, and (iii) identifying

Myles S. Faith

2008-01-01

322

Early Earth Science Activities in the Sanford Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory at Homestake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On July 10, 2007, the former Homestake Mine, Lead, South Dakota, was selected as the development site for the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory, to become the Sanford Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory at Homestake. Work on refurbishment and certification of the Ross Shaft began in August 2007 to effect pumping of water that had reached the 5000 level in late July. Completion of this work will allow a physics and geosciences laboratory to be constructed on the 4,850 ft level (1,478 m from the surface). Concurrent with reentry operations, several earth science research activities have been initiated. These early activities are as follows: (1) Seismic monitoring system: Accelerometers will be installed in surface boreholes and underground drifts as they become available as a result of the reentry work. (2) Evaluation of the 300 level (91 m), which has multiple locations for horizontal access, is ongoing. This near- surface level, with varying overburden thicknesses, offers excellent opportunities to investigate the "critical zone" in terms of hydrology, ecology, and geochemistry, yielding measurements of both moisture and carbon fluxes to evaluate fluid exchanges with the atmosphere. (3) Water and soil samples were collected in the Ross Shaft as part of the first reentry work. Molecular survey of microbial diversity showed the presence of mesophilic and thermophilic cellulose-degrading microorganisms. (4) Supercritical carbon dioxide injection experiments are being planned that will take advantage of three pairs of existing, nearly vertical, open 8-inch (0.2 m) boreholes that are easily accessible from the Ross Shaft. The candidate holes are located between the 1550 and the 2900 levels and are between 90 to 180 m in length (5) Monitoring of the response of the water during the dewatering operations will be facilitated by the use of existing boreholes. Ultimately, the dewatering operation provide access to the 8000 level (depth of 2,438 m), the deepest level. These five examples of ongoing research activities should provide a basis for many other earth science and engineering investigations at this multilevel facility, which already has extensive underground workings. These examples address different aspects of three main themes identified as important by deep underground research communities: restless earth for geo-science, ground truth for geo-engineering, and dark life for geo-microbiology.

Wang, J. S.; Glaser, S. D.; Moore, J. R.; Hart, K.; King, G.; Regan, T.; Bang, S. S.; Sani, R. K.; Roggenthen, W. M.

2007-12-01

323

The Advanced Technology Solar Telescope: Science Goals, Design and Project Status. (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 4m Advance Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) on Haleakala will be the most powerful solar telescope and the world’s leading resource for studying solar magnetism that controls the solar wind, flares, coronal mass ejections and variability in the Sun’s output. The project is about to enter the construction phase and is expected to be fully commissioned in 2017. A brief overview of the science goals and observational requirements of the ATST will be given followed by a summary of the design status of the telescope and its instrumentation will during which the technical and engineering challenges the ATST project faces will be discussed. ATST will provide high resolution and high sensitivity observations of the dynamic solar magnetic fields throughout the solar atmosphere, including the corona. With its 4 m aperture, ATST will resolve features at 0.”03 (20km on the sun) at visible wavelengths. The science requirement for polarimetric sensitivity (10-5 relative to intensity) and accuracy (5x10-4 relative to intensity) place strong constraints on the polarization analysis and calibration units. A high order adaptive optics system delivers a corrected beam to the initial set of state-of-the-art, facility class instrumentation located in the Coude lab facility. A few examples of the many unique science capabilities of the 4m ATST will be discussed. The initial set of first generation instruments includes: 1: the Visible Broadband Imager will provide images at the highest possible spatial and temporal resolution at a number of specified wavelengths in the range from 390 nm to 860 nm. 2: the Visible Spectro-Polarimeter will provide precision vector field measurements simultaneously at diverse wavelengths in the visible spectrum and thus deliver quantitative diagnostics of the magnetic field vector as a function of height in the solar atmosphere, along with the associated variation of the thermodynamic properties. 3: the Diffraction-Limited Near-Infrared Spectro-Polarimeter will record with high temporal cadence the full polarization state of spectral lines in the near infrared wavelength regime from 900 nm to 2300 nm. 4: the Cryogenic Near Infrared-Spectro-Polarimeter will measure solar magnetic fields over a large field-of-view at infrared wavelengths from 1000 nm to 5000 nm in the solar corona. 5: the Visible Tunable Filter will provide two-dimensional spectroscopy and polarimetry by recording diffraction-limited narrow-bandpass images with high temporal resolution.

Rimmele, T.; Keil, S. L.; Wagner, J.

2009-12-01

324

FY09 Advanced Instrumentation and Active Interrogation Research for Safeguards  

SciTech Connect

Multiple small-scale projects have been undertaken to investigate advanced instrumentation solutions for safeguard measurement challenges associated with advanced fuel cycle facilities and next-generation fuel reprocessing installations. These activities are in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cycle Research and Development program and its Materials Protection, Accounting, and Control for Transmutation (MPACT) campaign. 1) Work was performed in a collaboration with the University of Michigan (Prof. Sara Pozzi, co-PI) to investigate the use of liquid-scintillator radiation detectors for assaying mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel, to characterize its composition and to develop advanced digital pulse-shape discrimination algorithms for performing time-correlation measurements in the MOX fuel environment. This work included both simulations and experiments and has shown that these techniques may provide a valuable approach for use within advanced safeguard measurement scenarios. 2) Work was conducted in a collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Dr. Paul Hausladen, co-PI) to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the fast-neutron coded-aperture imaging technique for locating and characterizing fissile material, and as a tool for performing hold-up measurements in fissile material handling facilities. This work involved experiments at Idaho National Laboratory, using MOX fuel and uranium metal, in both passive and active interrogation configurations. A complete analysis has not yet been completed but preliminary results suggest several potential uses for the fast neutron imaging technique. 3) Work was carried out to identify measurement approaches for determining nitric acid concentration in the range of 1 – 4 M and beyond. This work included laboratory measurements to investigate the suitability of prompt-gamma neutron activation analysis for this measurement and product reviews of other commercial solutions. Ultrasonic density analysis appears to be the best candidate technology for determining nitric acid concentrations but the PGNAA approach may also be applicable. 4) Work was also carried out to begin investigating the use of remote UV imaging to detect air-ionization induced by alpha particle emission from plutonium. This approach has been shown elsewhere as a useful tool for detecting and quantifying plutonium contamination and has the potential of providing a unique and powerful approach for quantifying hold-up in reprocessing facilities. Based on these simple scoping experiments the potential far-reaching capabilities of the measurement are clear.

D. L. Chichester; S. A. Pozzi; E. H. Seabury; J. L. Dolan; M. Flaska; J. T. Johnson; S. M. Watson; J. Wharton

2009-08-01

325

Analyzing Activities in the Course of Science Education, According to Activity Theory: The Case of Sound  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the present study, we analyze activities on the topic of sound, which are performed in the science education laboratory lessons in the third-year students of the Department of Early Childhood Education at the University of Ioannina. The analysis of the activities is based on one of the most modern learning theories of CHAT (Cultural Historical…

Theodoraki, Xarikleia; Plakitsi, Katerina

2013-01-01

326

Computer Science Research Institute 2004 Annual Report of Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories brings together researchers from universities and the national laboratories to solve problems in computer science, computational science and mathematics and to provide new capa...

D. E. Womble B. J. DeLap D. R. Ceballos

2006-01-01

327

Computer Science Research Institute 2001 Annual Report of Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories brings together researchers from universities and the national laboratories to solve problems in computer science, computational science and mathematics and to provide new capa...

D. E. Womble B. J. DeLap D. R. Ceballos

2002-01-01

328

Square Wheels and Other Easy-To-Build Hands-On Science Activities. An Exploratorium Science Snackbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, part of The Exploratorium science "snackbook" series, explains science with a hands-on approach. Activities include: (1) "3-D Shadow"; (2) "Bits and Bytes"; (3) "Circuit Workbench"; (4) "Diamagnetic Repulsion"; (5) "Film Can Racer"; (6) "Fractal Patterns"; (7) "Hoop Nightmares"; (8) "Hydraulic Arm"; (9) "Hyperbolic Slot"; (10) "Light…

Rathjen, Don; Doherty, Paul

329

Square Wheels and Other Easy-To-Build Hands-On Science Activities. An Exploratorium Science Snackbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book, part of The Exploratorium science "snackbook" series, explains science with a hands-on approach. Activities include: (1) "3-D Shadow"; (2) "Bits and Bytes"; (3) "Circuit Workbench"; (4) "Diamagnetic Repulsion"; (5) "Film Can Racer"; (6) "Fractal Patterns"; (7) "Hoop Nightmares"; (8) "Hydraulic Arm"; (9) "Hyperbolic Slot"; (10) "Light…

Rathjen, Don; Doherty, Paul

330

Actively develop the theoretical study of environmental sciences  

SciTech Connect

This article proposes a review of the environmental science research in China over the past 10 years in order to develop a coherent guiding theory of environmental protection. Two views on environmental science have been expressed in China: the liberal interpretation, which claims that all environment-related matters, such as water and soil conservation and the protection of natural resources, are to be considered; and the conservative interpretation, which claims that environmental issues did not become a major social problem until the past decade when public attention began to focus on the threat of pollution to human health and the availability of natural resources. In order to resolve the conflict in defining environmental science, it is urged that the focus be placed on environmental quality (the qualitative change of the environment by human activities). The need is emphasized for research on the programs and plans for environmental restoration, rehabilitation and control, and for research on natural zoning as a part of rational programming for industrial, agricultural, and urban development.

Ma Shijun

1983-06-01

331

Methods and Strategies: The Science Beliefs Quiz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science misconceptions--we all have them. It doesn't matter whether you are a science teacher, an elementary student, a parent, or someone earning an advanced degree in science. This article counters those common misconceptions with science belief activities.

Barman, Charles R.; Miller, Dolores; Stein, Mary; Haley, Michelle

2006-03-01

332

Stepwise advancement versus maximum jumping with headgear activator.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of stepwise mandibular advancement versus maximum jumping and extended treatment versus early retention. The material was obtained prospectively and consisted of lateral cephalograms taken at the start (T0), after initial (T1), and at the end (T2) of treatment, from two groups of consecutively treated skeletal Class II patients who had undergone therapy with headgear activators. The first headgear activator group, HGA-S (n=24; mean age 11.9 +/- 1.2 years), was treated for 13 months and had 4-mm mandibular advancement every 3 months. The second headgear activator group, HGA-M (n=31; mean age 11.2 +/- 1.5 years), had maximum jumping, 6-8 mm interincisal opening, for a total of 15.4 months, and with reduced wear for the last 6.9 months. The dropout over 12 months was 41 and 46 per cent, respectively. Pre-treatment growth changes were obtained as a reference. An independent t-test was used to determine differences in baseline dentofacial morphology between the groups, a paired t-test for intra-group comparisons, and an independent t-test to evaluate differences between the groups. The results, in both groups, showed enhanced mandibular prognathism during the initial phase (T0-T1), followed by normal growth (T1-T2), and lower face height enhancement throughout treatment (T0-T2). For both groups, the mandibular plane and occlusal angle increased, possibly enhanced by 'extrusion' of the lower molars. For both groups, maxillary forward growth was restrained only during the initial phase, but the effect remained significant at T2 for the HGA-S group. In the HGA-M group, the lower incisors were protruded, while in the HGA-S group, they were unaffected. The findings indicate that both modes of mandibular jumping resulted in skeletal and dental effects. The length of active treatment seemed to be decisive in maintaining the treatment effects; stepwise advancement had less dental effects. PMID:17556729

Wey, Mang Chek; Bendeus, Margareta; Peng, Li; Hägg, Urban; Rabie, A Bakr M; Robinson, Wayne

2007-06-01

333

Out-of-School Time Science Activities and Their Association with Career Interest in STEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spurred by concerns about an inadequately sized science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce, there has been a growing interest in out-of-school time (OST) science activities as a means to foster STEM career interest. This study examines the association between OST science activities and STEM career interest in university through a logistic regression model and the calculation of prototypical odds

Katherine P. Dabney; Robert H. Tai; John T. Almarode; Jaimie L. Miller-Friedmann; Gerhard Sonnert; Philip M. Sadler; Zahra Hazari

2012-01-01

334

Out-of-School Time Science Activities and Their Association with Career Interest in STEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spurred by concerns about an inadequately sized science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce, there has been a growing interest in out-of-school time (OST) science activities as a means to foster STEM career interest. This study examines the association between OST science activities and STEM career interest in university through a logistic regression model and the calculation of prototypical odds

Katherine P. Dabney; Robert H. Tai; John T. Almarode; Jaimie L. Miller-Friedmann; Gerhard Sonnert; Philip M. Sadler; Zahra Hazari

2011-01-01

335

Common Features of Professional Development Activities for Mathematics and Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines professional development activities provided for mathematics and science teachers in the National Science Foundation's Math and Science Partnership Program by analyzing a cross-sectional sample of over 2000 professional development (PD) activities in the program. Data were gathered from secondary source documents and surveys to…

Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.; Bolyard, Johnna J.; Oh, Hana; Cerar, Nancy Irby

2011-01-01

336

Computer Science Research Institute 2005 annual report of activities.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of the Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories during the period January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005. During this period, the CSRI hosted 182 visitors representing 83 universities, companies and laboratories. Of these, 60 were summer students or faculty. The CSRI partially sponsored 2 workshops and also organized and was the primary host for 3 workshops. These 3 CSRI sponsored workshops had 105 participants, 78 from universities, companies and laboratories, and 27 from Sandia. Finally, the CSRI sponsored 12 long-term collaborative research projects and 3 Sabbaticals.

Watts, Bernadette M.; Collis, Samuel Scott; Ceballos, Deanna Rose; Womble, David Eugene

2008-04-01

337

Computer Science Research Institute 2003 annual report of activities.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of the Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories during the period January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2003. During this period the CSRI hosted 164 visitors representing 78 universities, companies and laboratories. Of these 78 were summer students or faculty members. The CSRI partially sponsored 5 workshops and also organized and was the primary host for 3 workshops. These 3 CSRI sponsored workshops had 178 participants--137 from universities, companies and laboratories, and 41 from Sandia. Finally, the CSRI sponsored 18 long-term collaborative research projects and 5 Sabbaticals.

DeLap, Barbara J.; Womble, David Eugene; Ceballos, Deanna Rose

2006-03-01

338

Computer Science Research Institute 2004 annual report of activities.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of the Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories during the period January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2004. During this period the CSRI hosted 166 visitors representing 81 universities, companies and laboratories. Of these 65 were summer students or faculty. The CSRI partially sponsored 2 workshops and also organized and was the primary host for 4 workshops. These 4 CSRI sponsored workshops had 140 participants--74 from universities, companies and laboratories, and 66 from Sandia. Finally, the CSRI sponsored 14 long-term collaborative research projects and 5 Sabbaticals.

DeLap, Barbara J.; Womble, David Eugene; Ceballos, Deanna Rose

2006-03-01

339

Advances in materials science, Metals and Ceramics Division. Triannual progress report, February-May 1980  

SciTech Connect

Research is reported in the magnetic fusion energy and laser fusion energy programs, aluminium-air battery and vehicle research, geothermal research, nuclear waste management, basic energy science, and chemistry and materials science. (FS)

Truhan, J.J.; Gordon, K.M. (eds.)

1980-08-01

340

Advances in materials science, metals and ceramics division. Triannual progress report, June-September 1980  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning the magnetic fusion energy program; the laser fusion energy program; geothermal research; nuclear waste management; Office of Basic Energy Sciences (OBES) research; diffusion in silicate minerals; chemistry research resources; and chemistry and materials science research.

Truhan, J.J.; Hopper, R.W.; Gordon, K.M. (eds.)

1980-10-28

341

Computational Materials Science. An Example: Numerical Modeling of Chemical Vapor Deposition Processing of Advanced Fibers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Computational materials science is a rapidly emerging discipline combining aspects from chemistry, fluid dynamics, and materials and computational sciences. The details of initial efforts undertaken in the Materials Division at Lewis Research Center are p...

A. Chait S. Gokoglu M. Kuczmarski P. Tsui L. Veitch

1991-01-01

342

Toxic contaminants and ecosystems health: A Great Lakes focus (Advances in Science and Technology, Volume 21)  

SciTech Connect

In 1983, the Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission established the Health and Aquatic Communities Task Force to synthesize information on the effects of toxic substances on the Great Lakes aquatic communtiies. The culmination of the Task Force's activities was a symposium and workshop held 18-21 June 1985 as part of the annual meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. After this meeting, participants prepared the chapters that form the basis of this book. The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 consists of six chapters, each devoted to the effects of toxics on a major trophic level. Great Lakes biota are emphasized in each chapter. Part 2 is divided into 17 chapters that focus on new methods beyond single species bioassays for assessing toxic effects. Part 3 consists of six summary chapters (again corresponding roughly to major trophic levels) that synthesize the opinions of workshop participants on future directions for assessing toxic effects.

Evans, M.S. (ed.)

1988-01-01

343

Advancing Pupils within the Motivational Zone of Proximal Development: A Case Study in Science Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This case study describes an instructional approach that may be useful in inquiry-based science classes. It involves adopting a particular discourse orientation that aims at helping pupils value their science learning. The contextual descriptions and interpretation presented can help teachers form images of classroom practices that will be conducive to developing pupils confidence in learning how to do science. The paper reaffirms the value of a synergy between the cognitive and affective domains in optimising pupils learning of science.

Yung, Benny Hin Wai; Tao, Ping Kee

2004-08-01

344

Advancing Pupils within the Motivational Zone of Proximal Development: A Case Study in Science Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study describes an instructional approach that may be useful in inquiry-based science classes. It involves adopting a particular discourse orientation that aims at helping pupils value their science learning. The contextual descriptions and interpretation presented can help teachers form images of classroom practices that will be conducive to developing pupils confidence in learning how to do science. The

Benny Hin Wai Yung; Ping Kee Tao

2004-01-01

345

Advancing Pupils within the Motivational Zone of Proximal Development: A Case Study in Science Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study describes an instructional approach that may be useful in inquiry-based science classes. It involves adopting a particular discourse orientation that aims at helping pupils value their science learning. The contextual descriptions and interpretation presented can help teachers form images of classroom practices that will be conducive to developing pupils’ confidence in learning how to do science. The

Benny Hin Wai Yung; Ping Kee Tao

2004-01-01

346

The TXESS Revolution: A Partnership to Advance Earth and Space Science in Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Texas State Board of Education voted in 2006 to require a fourth year of science for graduation from high school and to authorize the creation of a new senior level Earth Systems and Space Science course as an option to fulfill that requirement. The new Earth Systems and Space Science course will be a capstone course for which three

K. K. Ellins; H. C. Olson; M. Willis

2007-01-01

347

75 FR 53705 - Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate; Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate; Agency Information Collection Activities...for Review; Information Collection Request...Science and Technology Protected Repository...other forms of information technology, e.g.,...

2010-09-01

348

Applications of telecommunications in education: National Science Foundation projects on advanced technological and online education in information engineering technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation (NSF) advanced technological education (ATE) project # DUE-9950029 is aimed to help increase the pool of qualified Information Technology (IT) workers in the U.S. It addresses the severe national and statewide shortage for such workers that are projected to persist well in the 21st century. It aims to provide a 2+2+2 seamless transition for students from

Vladimir Uskov; M. Uskova

2003-01-01

349

Stepping Stones to Science: True Tales and Awesome Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science is filled with moments of long-sought understanding, and smaller moments of personal insight and victory. Thirteen such moments from physical, biological, and earth sciences appear in this book of stories. They each link well with the primary science curriculum. Each demonstrates the "doing" of science in which a preeminent scientist…

Haven, Kendall

350

Activity Matters: Understanding Student Interest in School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A genuine interest in science is an important part of scientific literacy, and thus a critical goal for science education. Recent studies, however, have found that school science has not been effective in meeting this goal, an important reason for which is the lack of knowledge about what makes science interesting (or not) to the students. Using…

Swarat, Su; Ortony, Andrew; Revelle, William

2012-01-01

351

Mission Science Value-Cost Savings from the Advanced Imaging Communication System (AICS) (Advanced Imaging Communication System).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An Advanced Imaging Communication System (AICS) was proposed in the mid-1970s as an alternative to the Voyager data/communication system architecture. The AICS achieved virtually error free communication with little loss in the downlink data rate by conca...

R. F. Rice

1984-01-01

352

Nanoscale Science: Activities for Grades 6-12  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Futurists predict that nanotechnology will be the next major scientific revolution--one with an even greater impact than the Industrial Revolution. Nanoscale Science will help your middle and high school students understand the big implications of tiny technology. Using guided inquiry with open-ended exploration where possible, the book's 20 investigations teach students about the unique properties and behavior of materials at the nanoscale--one-billionth of the size of a meter. The activities are organized around five themes: scale, tools and techniques, unique properties and behaviors, nanotechnology applications, and societal implications. All activities use readily available materials and provide clear background, instructions, and formative assessments. They also explore questions sure to engage both students and you, such as: � Just how small is one in a billion? � How might manipulating matter at the nanoscale lead to everything from stain-resistant fabrics to improved means to clean water to tumor-targeting nanoshells? � And how will society change when we use nanolabels to track where people, animals, and materials move around the world? For the first time in human history, we have the ability to manipulate and build materials from the atom up. NanoScale Science --written by experts at developing effective ways to teach about nanotechnology--is a pioneering instructional guide to this important subject. Use it as a fascinating supplement to studies of biology, physics, chemistry, math, and the environment.

Taylor, Amy R.; Broadwell, Bethany P.; Jones, M. G.; Falvo, Michael R.

2007-01-01

353

UTILITY OF MECHANISTIC MODELS FOR DIRECTING ADVANCED SEPARATIONS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES: Electrochemically Modulated Separation Example  

SciTech Connect

The objective for this work was to demonstrate the utility of mechanistic computer models designed to simulate actinide behavior for use in efficiently and effectively directing advanced laboratory R&D activities associated with developing advanced separations methods.

Schwantes, Jon M.

2009-06-01

354

The NSF-Supported ADVANCE Initiative at the University of Michigan Aimed at Successful Recruitment and Retention of Women Faculty in Science and Engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Michigan obtained funding from the NSF ADVANCE Program for 2001-2006 to devise and implement strategies to improve representation and climate for its tenure-track women faculty in the natural sciences departments and the College of Engineering. In addition to increased representation and an improved campus environment for women faculty in science and engineering, the initiative aims to positively affect - through exposure to role models - the expectations and attitudes of the many women and men who are graduate and undergraduate students in these fields who make a sizeable pool from which future faculty are going to be drawn. This initiative was launched with a campus-wide survey to pinpoint problem areas, followed by the appointment of a committee of senior faculty now known as "Science and Technology Recruiting to Improve Diversity and Excellence" or STRIDE to provide information and advice about practices that will maximize the likelihood that well-qualified female and minority candidates for faculty positions will be identified, and, if selected for offers, recruited, retained, and promoted at the University of Michigan. The principal activities of STRIDE have so far included (i) helping in the development of an easy-to-navigate website with information about the ADVANCE project (URL: http://www.umich.edu/~advproj/index.html); (ii) development of a data-based PowerPoint presentation about non-conscious bias and the low numbers of women faculty in science and engineering; (iii) producing a handbook that offers guidelines for improving recruitment of women and minorities; and (iv) giving presentations in a variety of formats and providing advice to department chairs and other recruitment leaders on search committee composition and search practices. More recently, STRIDE has expanded its scope to include facilitation of departmental climate studies and informal discussions with women faculty about the importance of networking and receiving career mentoring.

Mukasa, S. B.; Committee, S.

2004-12-01

355

Instrumentation and Control and Human Machine Interface Science and Technology Roadmap in Support of Advanced Reactors and Fuel Programs in the U.S.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the current status of the Instrumentation, Control and Human Machine Interface (ICHMI) Science and Technology Roadmap (Reference xi) that was developed to address the major challenges in this technical area for the Gen IV and other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) initiatives that support future deployments of nuclear energy systems. Reliable, capable ICHMI systems will be necessary for the advanced nuclear plants to be economically competitive. ICHMI enables measurement, control, protection, monitoring, and maintenance for processes and components. Through improvements in the technologies and demonstration of their use to facilitate licensing, ICHMI can contribute to the reduction of plant operations and maintenance costs while helping to ensure high plant availability. The impact of ICHMI can be achieved through effective use of the technologies to improve operational efficiency and optimize use of human resources. However, current licensing experience with digital I&C systems has provided lessons learned concerning the difficulties that can be encountered when introducing advanced technologies with expanded capabilities. Thus, in the development of advanced nuclear power designs, it will be important to address both the technical foundations of ICHMI systems and their licensing considerations. The ICHMI roadmap will identify the necessary research, development and demonstration activities that are essential to facilitate necessary technology advancement and resolve outstanding issues.

Miller, Don W.; Arndt, Steven A.; Dudenhoeffer, Donald D.; Hallbert, Bruce P.; Bond, Leonard J.; Holcomb, David E.; Wood, Richard T.; Naser, Joseph A.; O'Hara, John M.; Quinn, Edward L.

2008-06-01

356

Learning about the Human Body. Superific Science Book IV. A Good Apple Science Activity Book for Grades 5-8+.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to supplement a basic life science or biology program, this document provides teachers with experiential learning activities dealing with the human body. The learning activities vary in the length of time needed for their completion, and require a minimum of equipment and materials. The activities focus on: (1) the human skeleton; (2)…

Conway, Lorraine

357

Science Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science Magazine is published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and serves its readers as a forum for the presentation and discussion of important issues related to the advancement of science. The gopher site contains the current issue's table of contents, editorial, "This Week in SCIENCE" column, plus the classified ads and information for contributors.

1995-01-01

358

Advanced Resources for Catalysis Science: Workshop Results. Recommendations for a National Catalysis Research Institute. Held in Richland, Washington on September 21-22, 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Twenty-seven experts-representing a broad spectrum-from national laboratories, industry, and universities participated in the Advanced Resources for Catalysis Science Workshop held at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, September ...

D. Ray C. Peden

2004-01-01

359

Science and Technology for Individuals, Societies, and the Environment and Satellite Technologies: Advanced High Resolution Picture Transmission Applications for the Science Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces a satellite technology, High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT), for a science activity. HRPT is a digital data stream transmitted from environmental satellites. The HRPT imagery is capable of providing real-time studies of regional geology, glacial processes, atmospheric processes, ocean circulation, coastal processes, hydrology, and so on. Obtaining and manipulating HRPT data creates a variety of exciting experiences

Do-Yong Park; Richard M. Busch

2001-01-01

360

The of role advanced science and technology research, risk reduction, and integrated assessments in shaping future environmenal science-policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The planning of long-term research for supporting the application of broad-based strategies is of fundamental importance to our ability to successfully address environmental problems. In addition, less emphasis needs to be placed on post-process controls and more on a wide range of anticipatory remedies. These are two of several major trends in science-policy analysis and environmental resource management that have

1989-01-01

361

Advancing Earth System Science Education for the 21st Century: An Interdisciplinary Education Initiative for University Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed and are teaching an Earth System Science course for upper-level undergraduate and entry-level graduate students at the University of New Hampshire supported by funding from the NASA Earth System Science Education for the 21st Century, UNH Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, and the UNH Teaching Excellence Program. We have designed the course around seven objectives based on student learning outcomes. These learning objectives span the range of Bloom's Taxonomy from knowledge and comprehension, through application and analysis, to synthesis and evaluation. Learning objectives are mapped onto each and every lecture and laboratory exercise. The lecture portion of the course includes background information with a focus on advanced concepts in Earth system science and inquiry based learning. The laboratory section has students build a series of basic energy balance models of the Earth with increasing complexity using box models and Stellac computer software. Examples of additional applications of Earth system science will be provided to students and others in the UNH community via the Environmental Science Seminar Series which will feature five guest lecturers from NASA-Goddard. We have also developed a detailed plan for both formative and summative assessment of student learning which includes weekly classroom assessments, concept mapping, student interviews at the beginning and end of the course, formal student evaluations, as well as exams, papers, and homework exercises.

Wawrzeniak, T. L.; Wake, C. P.; Hurtt, G. C.; Seidel, L. F.

2004-12-01

362

Innovative Project Activities in Science [From the NSTA Study of Innovative Project Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes four projects chosen as innovative project activities in science which exhibited identification of unique or novel problems and creative approaches to their solutions. Projects included a study of fish in Lake Erie, a goat raising project, an analysis of terrestrial plant ecology and soil composition, and a study of marine and wetlands…

Science Teacher, 1975

1975-01-01

363

Active Galaxies Educational Unit: An Educator's Guide with Activities in Science and Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a part of its educational effort, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Education and Public Outreach group at Sonoma State University (SSU) has put together a series of activities based on the science of one of NASA's exciting space missions, the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST). GLAST is a NASA satellite…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

364

Advancing the REVOLUTION: Using Earth Systems Science to Prepare Elementary School Teachers in an Urban Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes an Earth Systems approach that was developed to prepare preservice elementary school teachers in understanding science content and pedagogy with emphases in technology and mathematics. This approach, developed at the University of New Orleans, uses Lake Ponchartrain as the unifying theme for four courses in which students learn both scientific content and process. The authors note that many children decide if they like or dislike science by middle school and that improvements in science teaching in the middle grades are imperative, and that improving elementary science education is especially important in regions where significant portions of the student body are from groups traditionally under-represented in science. Surveying and field-testing results suggest that participants in these classes are likely to apply this approach to science teaching in their own classrooms.

Hall, Frank; Buxton, Cory

2004-09-01

365

Black males' self-perceptions of academic ability and gifted potential in advanced science classes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research effort was to examine Black male students' self-perceptions of academic ability and gifted potential in science. The purposeful sample consisted of nine Black males between the ages of 14 and 18 years. Four categories of self-perceptions of academic ability and gifted potential emerged from the data. These included: (a) gifted high achievers; (b) gifted could do better high achievers; (c) gifted could do better situational nonachievers; and (d) gifted could do better underachievers. Science teachers' influences that referenced participants' academic achievement pointed to validation. Participants' perceptions regarding how science teachers' influenced their academic performance focused on science teachers' content knowledge. Power dynamics germane to Black male participants' value or worth that directed their efforts in science learning environments are discussed. Implications are posited for science teaching, science education programs, and future research. This research endeavor was based on two premises. The first premise is that Black males' self-perceptions of academic ability affect their science academic achievement. The second premise is that, given parental, peer, and community influences, science teachers have considerable influence on students' self-perceptions of academic ability. However, the focus of this research was not on parental influences, peer influences, or any potential influences that participants' communities may have on their academic achievement.

Rascoe, Barbara; Monroe Atwater, Mary

2005-10-01

366

Students' Representations of Scientific Practice during a Science Internship: Reflections from an Activity-Theoretic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Working at scientists' elbows is one suggestion that educators make to improve science education, because such "authentic experiences" provide students with various types of science knowledge. However, there is an ongoing debate in the literature about the assumption that authentic science activities can enhance students' understandings of…

Hsu, Pei-Ling; van Eijck, Michiel; Roth, Wolff-Michael

2010-01-01

367

Social Behaviors and Gender Differences Among Preschoolers: Implications for Science Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnographic studies involving the learning of science by younger children are fewer in number compared with other science education studies. This two-year study focused on the social behaviors and gender differences among preschoolers (4 to 5 years old) engaging in science activities. Findings indicate that the social behaviors of boys and girls were stereotypical. Boys tended to exhibit curiosity, spontaneity,

Josephine M. Shireen Desouza; Charlene M. Czerniak

2002-01-01

368

Science in kindergarten: The classroom reality of teachers' curriculum implementation activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of science curriculum in kindergarten is reviewed in the light of data emerging form a recent evaluation study. The present work examines some disparities between policy and practice relating to the practices teachers are required to use in introducing science in kindergarten. Qualitative approaches have been employed in the evaluation study. Observations of teaching activities in the science

M. Kallery; D. Psillos

369

Building a Bridge for Females to Equitable, Inclusive, and Participatory Science Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though there have been many efforts to reform science teaching at the K-12 level over the past decade so that all students can engage in meaningful science activity and become scientifically literate, colleges and universities are just beginning to redesign their science curriculum and instruction. This paper examines the structures, practices,…

Davis, Kathleen S.; Irwin, Chris

370

Development of actively cooled panels for advanced propulsion systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of actively cooled flowpath panels for the National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) propulsion system was a critical task in the development plan of the air vehicle system. This task encompassed development of design requirements and loads, and component design and testing. In the early 90's the effort focused on six cooled panel designs based in five different materials (NARloy-Z, Haynes 188, MoRe, IN909, C/C and C/SiC), each satisfying requirements in a different area of the propulsion flowpath. Eventually, three of these designs were fabricated and tested. For these tests, two primary facilities were used. The first was a radiant heating facility at Wright Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB), and the second, a vitiated air heater at General Applied Science Laboratories (GASL) Inc. In these facilities, tests were run to validate thermal and mechanical models and to demonstrate coating durability and effectiveness. Additional tests to assess the damage tolerance of these designs were planned but never run. These tests ultimately exposed strengths and weaknesses in the designs and the analysis methods.

Hauber, Brett K.

1998-01-01

371

Relationships among affective factors and preferred engagement in science-related activities.  

PubMed

This study investigated how affective factors impact participation in science learning using structural equation modeling. Using a dataset from Taiwan, a model was obtained that showed the relationships among science-related interest, enjoyment, self-efficacy, self-concept, competency, leisure time engagement, and future interest in science. The paths relating to engagement and future interest were much stronger for interest and enjoyment than for self-efficacy and self-concept. There was no significant path between science competency and future science interest or engagement. The results suggest that the affective and cognitive pathways to scientific competency are divergent and that they might be differentially activated by different contexts and activities. This indicates that school science educators might wish to reconsider the merit of overemphasizing achievement in comparison to interest. Finally, the results suggest that the development of science competency per se may not be the best way to ensure public engagement and understanding of science. PMID:24151085

Lin, Huann-Shyang; Lawrenz, Frances; Lin, Shu-Fen; Hong, Zuway-R

2012-01-09

372

The Analysis of Classroom Discourse: Elementary School Science Curricula Advancing Reasoning With Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students' ability to participate in scientific discourse and to appropriately use empirical evidence to support beliefs or conclusions has been consistently stated as a core goal of science education. In the present study, we analyzed the quality of scientific reasoning in elementary school science classrooms, using the Evidence-Based Reasoning (EBR) Video Framework (see Furtak, Hardy, Beinbrech, Shavelson, & Shemwell, this

Ilonca Hardy; Birgit Kloetzer; Kornelia Moeller; Beate Sodian

2010-01-01

373

CURRICULUM GUIDES IN BIOLOGY--LIFE SCIENCE, BIOLOGY--GENERAL, AND BIOLOGY--ADVANCED PLACEMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"BIOLOGY--LIFE SCIENCE" IS GEARED TO STUDENTS OF AVERAGE ABILITY, "BIOLOGY--GENERAL" IS OFFERED FOR THOSE WHO HAVE COMPLETED "BIOLOGY--GENERAL" IN GRADES 10 OR 11 AND WHO WISH TO PURSUE COLLEGE LEVEL STUDY WHILE IN GRADE 12. THE NONTECHNICAL "BIOLOGY--LIFE SCIENCE" HAS OUTLINED UNITS IN ORGANIZING FOOD, ORGAN SYSTEMS, HEALTH, CONTINUANCE OF LIFE,…

WESNER, GORDON E.; AND OTHERS

374

Technology to Advance High School and Undergraduate Students with Disabilities in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Americans with disabilities are underemployed in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) at higher rates than their nondisabled peers. This article provides an overview of the National science Foundation's Research in Disabilities Education (RDE) program, of technology use by students with disabilities (SWD) in STEM, and of…

Leddy, Mark H.

2010-01-01

375

More Science Activities. 20 Exciting Experiments To Do!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science and technology affect every facet of human life. By the 21st century, society will demand that all of its citizens possess basic competencies in the fundamentals of science and the use of technology. As science increasingly becomes the dominant subject of the work place, it is important to begin developing within children an understanding…

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

376

The role of children's journals in elementary school science activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

: This article reports on a study that investigated the ways that children's use of science journals aided their acquisition of science understandings in one kindergarten and one fourth-grade classroom. The questions for investigation were: how does the child contextualize the science experience on the journal page? How do child-produced graphics on the journal page reflect the children's experiences with

Daniel P. Shepardson; Susan J. Britsch

2001-01-01

377

Children's Literature with a Science Emphasis: Twenty Teacher-Developed K-8 Activity Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document features 10 science activity packets developed for elementary students by science teachers in a graduate seminar. The activity packets were designed to cover existing commercial children's books on specific content areas. The 10 activity packets are: (1) "Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain," which explains the water cycle; (2)…

Butler, Malcolm B.

378

Children's Literature with a Science Emphasis: Twenty Teacher-Developed K-8 Activity Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document features 10 science activity packets developed for elementary students by science teachers in a graduate seminar. The activity packets were designed to cover existing commercial children's books on specific content areas. The 10 activity packets are: (1) "Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain," which explains the water cycle; (2)…

Butler, Malcolm B.

379

IAEA coordinated research activities on materials for advanced reactor systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After the recent accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, public resentment towards nuclear energy is very high; however it is also important to emphasise that for other facilities the safety record has been remarkably good when compared to those of other new or conventional energy technologies. In addition to clear safety improvements new systems will have increased thermal efficiency, maximised fuel use, and reduced nuclear waste production. In order to initiate commercial deployment of power reactors, small scale demonstrations of such new systems are urgently needed. This will help to develop, test and qualify new structural materials with improved properties with respect to radiation, corrosion, thermal and other degradation processes. To solve all challenges related to the performance parameters of such materials, internationally driven efforts must focus on research, targeted testing, and final selection of appropriate materials. This is recognised as a key milestone in successful demonstration and future deployment of newly designed nuclear reactors. Because of clear synergies between fusion and fission research and development communities have been identified, closer cooperation of research groups has been stimulated. Although some operational conditions are expected to change, many basic features will remain similar. In addition to the material science effort, new experimental facilities are being developed for the study of high-radiation damage effects on the microstructure of candidate materials prior to their qualification.During last 5 years, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) launched several coordinated research activities in this specific, but very important field. This paper gives a summary of on-going IAEA activities related to the development and characterisation of structural and plasma facing materials for nuclear energy.

Zeman, A.; Inozemtsev, V.; Kamendje, R.; Beatty, R. L.

2013-11-01

380

Proceedings of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission nineteenth water reactor safety information meeting. Volume 3, Structural engineering; Advanced reactor research; Advanced passive reactors; Human factors research; Human factors issues related to advanced passive LWRs; Thermal hydraulics; Earth sciences  

SciTech Connect

This three-volume report contains 83 papers out of the 108 that were presented at the Nineteenth Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting held at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel, Bethesda, Maryland, during the week of October 28--30, 1991. The papers are printed in the order of their presentation in each session and describe progress and results of programs in nuclear safety research conducted in this country and abroad. Foreign participation in the meeting included 14 different papers presented by researchers from Canada, Germany, France, Japan, Sweden, Taiwan, and USSR. This document, Volume 3, presents papers on: Structural engineering; Advanced reactor research; Advanced passive reactors; Human factors research; Human factors issues related to advanced passive light water researchers; Thermal Hydraulics; and Earth sciences. The individual papers have been cataloged separately.

Weiss, A.J. [comp.] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1992-04-01

381

Commnity Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation: Advancing Computational Science for Future Accelerators and Accelerator Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The design and performance optimization of particle accelerators is essential for the success of the DOE scientific program in the next decade. Particle accelerators are very complex systems whose accurate description involves a large number of degrees of freedom and requires the inclusion of many physics processes. Building on the success of the SciDAC1 Accelerator Science and Technology project, the SciDAC2 Community Petascale Project for Accelerator Science and Simulation (ComPASS) is developing a comprehensive set of interoperable components for beam dynamics, electromagnetics, electron cooling, and laser/plasma acceleration modeling. ComPASS is providing accelerator scientists the tools required to enable the necessary accelerator simulation paradigm shift from high-fidelity single physics process modeling (covered under SciDAC1) to high-fidelity multi-physics modeling. Our computational frameworks have been used to model the behavior of a large number of accelerators and accelerator R&D experiments, assisting both their design and performance optimization. As parallel computational applications, the ComPASS codes have been shown to make effective use of thousands of processors.

Spentzouris, Panagiotis; /Fermilab; Cary, John; /Tech-X, Boulder; Mcinnes, Lois Curfman; /Argonne; Mori, Warren; /UCLA; Ng, Cho; /SLAC; Ng, Esmond; Ryne, Robert; /LBL, Berkeley

2008-07-01

382

Learning Activities Developed at The University of Texas at Austin Institute for Geophysics Using Ocean Drilling Science, Technology and Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NSF GK-12 Fellows at The University of Texas at Austin Institute for Geophysics (UTIG) actively contribute to K-12 education by linking K-12 students and teachers to research scientists and recent discoveries, and by developing hands-on learning activities designed primarily for secondary school learning environments. The excitement of the new Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP), an international research program that explores the history and structure of the Earth by studying the sediments and rocks beneath the seafloor, has provided UTIG's GK-12 Fellows with an incentive to develop new, and revise existing, inquiry-based learning activities based on the science, technology and/or data of scientific ocean drilling. These activities, grouped into a curriculum module, address the mechanics of collecting cores, fossil identification and age relationships within a core, and the interpretation of geophysical logs. They expose teachers and students to the exciting science and advanced technology of the IODP and the achievements of the Ocean Drilling Program, which preceded IODP. UTIG scientists active in the IODP guided the development of the module's science content. The module activities are aligned with U.S. educational standards, but could be adapted for use in other countries that participate in the IODP. Where this isn't possible, they can serve as an example of educational curriculum materials that underscore the vital nature of international collaboration.

Bailey, D. M.; Stevens, J.; Clarke, D.; Ellins, K.; Tynes, G.; Petkovsek, M.

2004-12-01

383

Food Science. Content Modules for Food Science Featuring Problem-Solving Activities in Family and Consumer Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The food science course developed in Missouri combines basic scientific and mathematics principles in a hands-on instructional format as a part of the family and consumer sciences education curriculum. Throughout the course, students conduct controlled experiments and use scientific laboratory techniques and information to explore the biological…

Roff, Lori; Stringer, Lola

384

Senate aide evaluates science policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some insights into a subcommittee whose activities are conducted largely in private were given by Kevin F. Kelly, top assistant to Senate Veterans Administration, Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies Appropriations Subcommittee Chairman Barbara Mikulski (D-Md.).Addressing last month's American Association for the Advancement of Science Colloquium on Science and Technology Policy, Kelly described a number of factors contributing to the “ferment” in science policy. Economic worries have replaced Cold War fears as the motivating force for science spending.

385

Recent advances in engineering science; Proceedings of the A. Cemal Eringen Symposium, University of California, Berkeley, June 20-22, 1988  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various papers on recent advances in engineering science are presented. Some individual topics addressed include: advances in adaptive methods in computational fluid mechanics, mixtures of two medicomorphic materials, computer tests of rubber elasticity, shear bands in isotropic micropolar elastic materials, nonlinear surface wave and resonator effects in magnetostrictive crystals, simulation of electrically enhanced fibrous filtration, plasticity theory of granular materials,

Severino L. Koh; Charles G. Speziale

1989-01-01

386

Black Box Activities for Grades Seven-Nine Science Programs and Beyond. A Supplement for Science 1, 2, &3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many times science does not provide us with exact descriptions of phenomena or answers to questions but only allows us to make educated guesses. Black box activities encourage this method of scientific thinking because the activity is performed inside a sealed container requiring the students to hypothesize on the contents and operation of the…

Schlenker, Richard M., Comp.

387

Learning about Animals. Superific Science Book III. A Good Apple Science Activity Book for Grades 5-8+.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to arouse interest in students about animals, this document was developed to provide teachers with a variety of information and teaching activities. The booklet is intended to enable students to become knowledgeable about science concepts relating to animals without the use of expensive equipment. The teaching activities deal with: (1)…

Conway, Lorraine

388

Archive & Data Management Activities for ISRO Science Archives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ISRO has kept a step ahead by extending remote sensing missions to planetary and astronomical exploration. It has started with Chandrayaan-1 and successfully completed the moon imaging during its life time in the orbit. Now, in future ISRO is planning to launch Chandrayaan-2 (next moon mission), Mars Mission and Astronomical mission ASTROSAT. All these missions are characterized by the need to receive process, archive and disseminate the acquired science data to the user community for analysis and scientific use. All these science missions will last for a few months to a few years but the data received are required to be archived, interoperable and requires a seamless access to the user community for the future. ISRO has laid out definite plans to archive these data sets in specified standards and develop relevant access tools to be able to serve the user community. To achieve this goal, a Data Center is set up at Bangalore called Indian Space Science Data Center (ISSDC). This is the custodian of all the data sets of the current and future science missions of ISRO . Chandrayaan-1 is the first among the planetary missions launched/to be launched by ISRO and we had taken the challenge and developed a system for data archival and dissemination of the payload data received. For Chandrayaan-1 the data collected from all the instruments are processed and is archived in the archive layer in the Planetary Data System (PDS 3.0) standards, through the automated pipeline. But the dataset once stored is of no use unless it is made public, which requires a Web-based dissemination system that can be accessible to all the planetary scientists/data users working in this field. Towards this, a Web- based Browse and Dissemination system has been developed, wherein users can register and search for their area of Interest and view the data archived for TMC & HYSI with relevant Browse chips and Metadata of the data. Users can also order the data and get it on their desktop in the PDS. For other AO payloads users can view the metadata and the data is available through FTP site. This same archival and dissemination strategy will be extended for the next moon mission Chandrayaan-2. ASTROSAT is going to be the first multi-wavelength astronomical mission for which the data is archived at ISSDC. It consists of five astronomical payloads that would allow simultaneous multi-wavelengths observations from X-ray to Ultra-Violet (UV) of astronomical objects. It is planned to archive the data sets in FITS. The archive of the ASTROSAT will be done in the Archive Layer at ISSDC. The Browse of the Archive will be available through the ISDA (Indian Science Data Archive) web site. The Browse will be IVOA compliant with a search mechanism using VOTable. The data will be available to the users only on request basis via a FTP site after the lock in period is over. It is planned that the Level2 pipeline software and various modules for processing the data sets will be also available on the web site. This paper, describes the archival procedure of Chandrayaan-1 and archive plan for the ASTROSAT, Chandrayaan-2 and other future mission of ISRO including the discussion on data management activities.

Thakkar, Navita; Moorthi, Manthira; Gopala Krishna, Barla; Prashar, Ajay; Srinivasan, T. P.

2012-07-01

389

GK12 Partnership: A Model to Advance Change in Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sufficient quality and quantity of science education at the elementary-school level is the key to developing science literacy and inspiring students about potential careers in science. We collaborated with a school district to develop 5E (engage, explore, explain, elaborate, evaluate) teaching cycles that matched the state and district curriculum guidelines. The 5E teaching cycle is a hands-on/minds-on, inquiry-based method that is effective at any level of instruction, especially for challenging misconceptions. Teams of teaching fellows (graduate students in the sciences) and teachers implemented the instructional units. Their training was fine-tuned, for example, by using a classroom teaching-observation rubric and information about the teachers', teaching fellows', and students' attitudes toward science education. The most significant result was that, in addition to the teachers becoming more comfortable with and adept at teaching science and the fellows improving their communication skills, the fellows understood the value of linear conceptual development in science curricula and their ability to facilitate that as teachers.

Nancy Stamp (Binghamton University;); Thomas O'Brien (Binghamton University;)

2005-01-01

390

Advanced Light Source activity report 1996/97  

SciTech Connect

Ten years ago, the Advanced Light Source (ALS) existed as a set of drawings, calculations, and ideas. Four years ago, it stored an electron beam for the first time. Today, the ALS has moved from those ideas and beginnings to a robust, third-generation synchrotron user facility, with eighteen beam lines in use, many more in planning or construction phases, and hundreds of users from around the world. Progress from concepts to realities is continuous as the scientific program, already strong in many diverse areas, moves in new directions to meet the needs of researchers into the next century. ALS staff members who develop and maintain the infrastructure for this research are similarly unwilling to rest on their laurels. As a result, the quality of the photon beams the authors deliver, as well as the support they provide to users, continues to improve. The ALS Activity Report is designed to share the results of these efforts in an accessible form for a broad audience. The Scientific Program section, while not comprehensive, shares the breadth, variety, and interest of recent research at the ALS. (The Compendium of User Abstracts and Technical Reports provides a more comprehensive and more technical view.) The Facility Report highlights progress in operations, ongoing accelerator research and development, and beamline instrumentation efforts. Although these Activity Report sections are separate, in practice the achievements of staff and users at the ALS are inseparable. User-staff collaboration is essential as they strive to meet the needs of the user community and to continue the ALS's success as a premier research facility.

NONE

1997-09-01

391

Adding structure to the transition process to advanced mathematical activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition process to advanced mathematical thinking is experienced as traumatic by many students. Experiences that students had of school mathematics differ greatly to what is expected from them at university. Success in school mathematics meant application of different methods to get an answer. Students are not familiar with logical deductive reasoning, required in advanced mathematics. It is necessary to

Johann Engelbrecht

2010-01-01

392

Land-Use Change and Earth System Dynamics: Advancing the Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantifying the effects of land-use changes on Earth system dynamics requires adequate information on both past and future land-use activities in a format appropriate for models capable of tracking relevant impacts. This presentation will review past approaches to understanding the role of land-use change on the Earth system dynamics, and summarize new work involving ‘land-use harmonization' (Hurtt et al. 2009) to advance the understanding for IPCC-AR5 and beyond. Emphasis will be placed on the importance and accuracy of historical maps, uncertainties in future projections, and key challenges for the future. Hurtt, G. C., L. P. Chini, S. Frolking, R. Betts, J. Feedema, G. Fischer, K. Klein Goldewijk, K. Hibbard, A. Janetos, C. Jones, G. Kindermann, T. Kinoshita, K. Riahi, E. Shevliakova, S. Smith, E. Stehfest, A. Thomson, P. Thorton, D. van Vuuren, Y. Wang (2009), Harmonization of Global Land-Use Scenarios for the Period 1500-2100 for IPCC-AR5. Integrated Land Ecosystem-Atmosphere Processes Study (iLEAPS) Newsletter 7:6-8.

Hurtt, George

2010-05-01

393

Water Cycle Dynamics in a Changing Environment: Advancing Hydrologic Science through Synthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As one ponders a changing environment -- climate, hydrology, land use, biogeochemical cycles, human dynamics -- there is an increasing need to understand the long term evolution of the linked component systems (e.g., climatic, hydrologic and ecological) through conceptual and quantitative models. The most challenging problem toward this goal is to understand and incorporate the rich dynamics of multiple linked systems with weak and strong coupling, and with many internal variables that exhibit multi-scale interactions. The richness of these interactions leads to fluctuations in one variable that in turn drive the dynamics of other related variables. The key question then becomes: Do these complexities lend an inherently stochastic character to the system, rendering deterministic prediction and modeling of limited value, or do they translate into constrained self- organization through which emerges order, and a limited group of "active" processes (that may change from time to time) that determine the general evolution of the system through a series of structured states with a distinct signature? This is a grand challenge for predictability and therefore requires community effort. The interconnectivity and hence synthesis of knowledge across the fields should be natural for hydrologists since the global water cycle and its regional manifestations directly correspond to the information flows for mass and energy transformations across the media, and across the disciplines. Further, the rich history of numerical, conceptual and stochastic modeling in hydrology provides the training and breadth for addressing the multi- scale, complex system dynamics challenges posed by the evolution question. Theory and observational analyses that necessitate stepping back from the existing knowledge paradigms and looking at the integrated system are needed. In this talk we will present the outlines of a new NSF-funded community effort that attempts to forge inter- disciplinary synthesis through research efforts aimed at "improving predictability of water cycle dynamics in a changing environment." The synthesis activities have brought together inter-disciplinary scientific teams to address specific open problems such as: (i) human-nature interactions and adaptations; (ii) role of the biosphere in water cycle dynamics; (iii) human induced changes to water cycle dynamics; and (iv) structure of landscapes and their evolution through time. All synthesis activities will be underpinned by common unifying themes: (a) hydrology as the science of interacting processes; (b) variability as the driver of interactions and ecosystem functioning; (c) search for emergent behavior and organizing principles; and (d) complexity theory and non- equilibrium thermodynamics.

Sivapalan, M.; Kumar, P.; Rhoads, B. L.; Wuebbles, D.

2007-12-01

394

The Use of Visual Advance Organizers for Learning Earth Science Concepts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to determine whether advance organizers in the form of visual aids might serve the same function as Ausubel's verbal advance organizers. The basic design of the study consisted of a 4 X 3 X 2 ANOVA factorial design. Ninety-six eighth-grade students were involved in the study. One group was exposed to a physiographic diagram…

Weisberg, Joseph S.

395

Toward an Agenda for Advancing Research on Science Learning in Out-of-School Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses six issues that were the focus of the Ad Hoc Committee's Policy Statement and relates them to conducting research in the domain of out-of-school science learning. Suggests avenues for research in this area. (KHR)|

Rennie, Leonie J.; Feher, Elsa; Dierking, Lynn D.; Falk, John H.

2003-01-01

396

Advances in materials science, Metals and Ceramics Division. Triannual progress report, October 1979-January 1980  

SciTech Connect

Progress is summarized concerning magnetic fusion energy materials, laser fusion energy, aluminium-air battery and vehicle, geothermal research, oil-shale research, nuclear waste management, office of basic energy sciences research, and materials research notes. (FS)

Not Available

1980-03-31

397

‘Didn't Get Expected Answer, Rectify It.’: Teaching science content in an elementary science classroom using hands-on activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call for inquiry science to be a part of the school science curriculum is popular in many parts of the world. While some research in this area revealed success stories of students' learning when they are engaged in student-directed, open-ended scientific inquiry activities, others are more sceptical about how these activities impact students' learning in and of science. Using

Aik-Ling Tan; Hwei-Ming Wong

2012-01-01

398

‘Didn’t Get Expected Answer, Rectify It.’: Teaching science content in an elementary science classroom using hands?on activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call for inquiry science to be a part of the school science curriculum is popular in many parts of the world. While some research in this area revealed success stories of students’ learning when they are engaged in student?directed, open?ended scientific inquiry activities, others are more sceptical about how these activities impact students’ learning in and of science. Using

2011-01-01

399

Abandoning evolution. The forgotten history of antievolution activism and the transformation of American social science.  

PubMed

From its inception, antievolution activism has been aimed not only at the natural sciences but also, and almost as often, at the social sciences. Although almost entirely overlooked by scholars, this activism played a significant part in the development of American social science in the early twentieth century. Analyzing public writings and private papers of antievolution activists, academic social scientists, and university officials from the 1920s, this essay recalls this forgotten history, showing how antievolution activism contributed to the abandonment of evolutionary theory and the adoption of a set of secular, scientific, and professional characteristics that have come to define much of modern social science. PMID:23488237

Lienesch, Michael

2012-12-01

400

Establishing `fields of care': teaching settings as active participants in science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In their article, "Space, relations, and the learning of science," Wolff-Michael Roth and Pei-Ling Hsu draw our attention to the importance of field in the teaching and learning of science. While the Roth and Hsu study is focused on the scientific research laboratory as an internship setting for the teaching of science, this response to their paper expands the discussion of the settings where science is taught in order to bring to the fore some of the affordances and challenges associated with teaching science in specific fields. By extending our thinking about the settings where science is taught/learned and the active role these settings play in teaching our students, we can re-envision how to better utilize a variety of fields in the teaching of science. The notion of `field of care' is explored as a way of both finding and building connections between students and the settings where science is experienced.

Blatt, Erica N.

2013-08-01

401

Advancing participation of blind students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Like their sighted peers, many blind students in elementary, middle, and high school are naturally interested in space. This interest can motivate them to learn fundamental scientific, quantitative, and critical thinking skills, and sometimes even lead to careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) disciplines. However, these students are often at a disadvantage in science because of the ubiquity of important graphical information that is generally not available in accessible formats, the unfamiliarity of teachers with non-visual teaching methods, lack of access to blind role models, and the low expectations of their teachers and parents. We discuss joint efforts by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Federation of the Blind’s (NFB) National Center for Blind Youth in Science (NCBYS) to develop and implement strategies to promote opportunities for blind youth in science. These include the development of tactile space science books and curriculum materials, science academies for blind middle school and high school students, and college-level internship and mentoring programs. The partnership with the NFB exemplifies the effectiveness of collaborations between NASA and consumer-directed organizations to improve opportunities for underserved and underrepresented individuals.

Beck-Winchatz, Bernhard; Riccobono, Mark A.

2008-12-01

402

75 FR 15713 - Office of Biotechnology Activities; Office of Science Policy; Office of the Director; Notice of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institutes of Health Office of Biotechnology Activities; Office of Science Policy...Advisory Committee Coordinator, Office of Biotechnology Activities, Office of Science Policy...Patterson, Director, Office of Biotechnology Activities, National Institutes...

2010-03-30

403

75 FR 10293 - Office of Biotechnology Activities; Office of Science Policy; Office of the Director; Notice of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institutes of Health Office of Biotechnology Activities; Office of Science Policy...Advisory Committee Coordinator, Office of Biotechnology Activities, Office of Science Policy...Patterson, Director, Office of Biotechnology Activities, National Institutes...

2010-03-05

404

75 FR 2549 - Office of Biotechnology Activities; Office of Science Policy; Office of the Director; Notice of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institutes of Health Office of Biotechnology Activities; Office of Science Policy...Advisory Committee Coordinator, Office of Biotechnology Activities, Office of Science Policy...Assistant to the Director, Office of Biotechnology Activities, National Institutes...

2010-01-15

405

Common features of professional development activities for mathematics and science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines professional development activities provided for mathematics and science teachers in the National Science Foundation’s Math and Science Partnership Program by analyzing a cross?sectional sample of over 2000 professional development (PD) activities in the program. Data were gathered from secondary source documents and surveys to examine core and structural features of professional development offerings (i.e. form, collective participation,

Johnna J. Bolyard; Hana Oh; Nancy Irby Cerar

2011-01-01

406

Common features of professional development activities for mathematics and science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines professional development activities provided for mathematics and science teachers in the National Science Foundation’s Math and Science Partnership Program by analyzing a cross?sectional sample of over 2000 professional development (PD) activities in the program. Data were gathered from secondary source documents and surveys to examine core and structural features of professional development offerings (i.e. form, collective participation,

Johnna J. Bolyard; Hana Oh; Nancy Irby Cerar

2010-01-01

407

CASES Online: Creating Active Student Engagement in the Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CASES Online is a growing collection of inquiry-based lessons to engage K-12 and undergraduate students in exploring the science behind real-world problems. More than 200 cases are available, covering all strands of the sciences: physics/physical science, life science, chemistry, earth science, environmental sciences, and mathematics. The cases are grounded in Problem-Based Learning (PBL), Investigative Case-Based Learning (ICBL), and related student-centered pedagogies. All cases have been classroom-tested and a link is provided to view related statistical data. Registered users may search the database by grade level, topic, or keyword. Each problem-based case includes objectives, background information, teacher's guide, and reproducible student materials. SEE RELATED ITEMS ON THIS PAGE for more information about the Problem-Based Learning method.

2009-11-24

408

Tokyo Tech graduate program allied with Thailand: TAIST (Thailand Advance Institute of Science and Technology) — Tokyo Tech  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tokyo Institute of Technology has been active in academic collaboration with Asian countries, and we opened our overseas offices in Bangkok, Manila, and Beijing, in 2002, 2005, and 2006, respectively. International distance education has also been conducted since 2002. Backed up with those experiences, in 2007 we started a new graduate program allied with National Science and Technology Development Agency

A. Nishihara

2010-01-01

409

The effects of advance organizer and prerequisite knowledge passages on the learning and retention of science concepts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fifty-five ninth-grade science students participated in this study which compared the effects of two pretreatments, an advance organizer and a prerequisite knowledge passage, on learning and retention measured at low (knowledge and comprehension) and high (application and analysis) levels of the cognitive domain. The effectiveness of the pretreatments was measured by a framework test and a prerequisite knowledge test prior to the beginning of instruction. An analysis of covariance, with IQ as the covariate, was performed on the framework test and the prerequisite knowledge test. It was found that the advance organizer group performed significantly better than the prerequisite knowledge group (p < 0.001) on the first framework test, and the prerequisite knowledge group performed significantly better (p < 0.001) than the advance organizer group on the prerequisite knowledge test. These results provide evidence that both passages were read and understood by the students and that the passages had their intended effects as preinstructional treatments. An analysis of covariance, with IQ as the covariate, was performed on the low-level questions, high-level questions, and total score for the posttest and retention test. The group means for the two question levels and the total score were not found to be significantly different (p > 0.05) for either the posttest or retention test. The results of this study do not provide evidence that an advance organizer facilitates learning and retention more than a preinstructional treatment that concentrates on developing prerequisite knowledge.

Healy, Vivian C.

410

The Effect of Enrollment in Middle School Challenge Courses on Advanced Placement Exams in Social Studies and Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educators seek to guide students through appropriate programs and courses that prepare them for future success, in more advanced coursework and in other challenges of life. Some middle schools offer Challenge, or honors, courses for students who have demonstrated high ability. High schools often offer Advanced Placement (AP) courses, which are taught at the college level. This study examined the correlation between enrollment in middle school Challenge courses and subsequent AP exam category scores in social studies and science in a suburban school district. The independent variables were the number of years of enrollment in middle school social studies or science Challenge courses. The dependent variables were the AP exam category scores in the eight social studies AP courses or the six science AP courses. The sample sizes were limited to the number of students who took an AP social studies or science exam and also attended the middle school of study. The null hypothesis was that there was no relationship between the two variables. This study included eight social studies AP courses and six science AP courses. A significant positive correlation was indicated in only two of the courses, U.S. Government and Comparative Government, supporting the claim that enrollment in middle school Challenge social studies was correlated with success, at least on these two AP exams. In the remaining 12 courses, there was not enough evidence to reject the null hypothesis. Therefore, enrollment in middle school Challenge science and social studies courses generally did not seem to correlate with AP exam category scores. Results of this study call into question the validity of the claim by the district that enrollment in Challenge courses helps prepare students for rigorous coursework in high school. Several factors, including student readiness, teacher training, familiarity with course content, and previous AP experience may contribute more to a student's AP exam category score. Results also suggest that the district may need to revisit the effectiveness of the Challenge curriculum and the policy of limiting enrollment in Challenge courses.

Glaude-Bolte, Katherine

411

A sociocultural perspective on mediated activity in third grade science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This ethnographic study of a third grade classroom examined elementary school science learning as a sociocultural accomplishment. The research focused on how a teacher helped his students acquire psychological tools for learning to think and engage in scientific practices as locally defined. Analyses of classroom discourse examined both how the teacher used mediational strategies to frame disciplinary knowledge in science as well as how students internalized and appropriated ways of knowing in science. The study documented and analyzed how students came to appropriate scientific knowledge as their own in an ongoing manner tied to their identities as student scientists. Implications for sociocultural theory in science education research are discussed.

Reveles, John M.; Kelly, Gregory J.; Durán, Richard P.

2007-02-01

412

A two-tiered collaborative design for observational science activities in simulated environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elementary school science focuses on the early phases of science inquiry: observation, description, data collection, reflection, and reporting. Technologies afford opportunities to scaffold and extend the domains of inquiry, but successful adoption depends on their integration with classroom organization and practice. In elementary schools, small group and whole class activities dominate over solitary activity, and the effective use of traditional

Janet Kim; Tom Moher; David Haas

413

The Art and Science Connection: Hands-on Activities for Intermediate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most people think that the artist and the scientist live in two totally different worlds. However, art and science are only two different ways of understanding and knowing the world. To help intermediate students make a connection between art and science, a collection of hands-on activities have been developed. By engaging in these activities

Tolley, Kimberley

414

Place-Based Science Teaching and Learning: 40 Activities for K-8 Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grounded in theory and best-practices research, this practical text provides elementary and middle school teachers with 40 place-based activities that will help them to make science learning relevant to their students. This text provides teachers with both a rationale and a set of strategies and activities for teaching science in a local context…

Buxton, Cory A.; Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr.

2011-01-01

415

Basic Science Process Skills. An Inservice Workshop Kit: Outlines and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A science process skill project was developed to help elementary teachers meet competency standards in New Mexico for teaching the process approach in their science classes. An outline of the process skills along with recommended activities are presented in this document. Performance objectives are identified and a sample activity form is…

Rowland, Paul; And Others

416

An In-Class Discussion Activity on the Nature of Science and Intelligent Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper I describe an in-class discussion activity aimed at helping elementary education majors in a physical science course think about issues surrounding the inclusion of ``Intelligent Design'' in public school science standards. I discuss the background instruction given, the content of the activity, and some results from its use in class.

Thomas, Brian C.

2009-02-01

417

The Art and Science Connection. Hands-On Activities for Primary Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most people think that the artist and the scientist live in two totally different worlds. However, art and science are only two different ways of understanding and knowing the world. To help primary students make a connection between art and science, a collection of hands-on activities have been developed. By engaging in these activities that…

Tolley, Kimberley

418

An In-Class Discussion Activity on the Nature of Science and Intelligent Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I describe an in-class discussion activity aimed at helping elementary education majors in a physical science course think about issues surrounding the inclusion of ``Intelligent Design'' in public school science standards. I discuss the background instruction given, the content of the activity, and some results from its use in class.

Brian C. Thomas

2009-01-01

419

An In-Class Discussion Activity on the Nature of Science and Intelligent Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper I describe an in-class discussion activity aimed at helping elementary education majors in a physical science course think about issues surrounding the inclusion of "Intelligent Design" in public school science standards. I discuss the background instruction given, the content of the activity, and some results from its use in class.|

Thomas, Brian C.

2009-01-01

420

Guided learning chemistry activities in the physical science (PSCI 1030) lab at Middle Tennessee State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guided learning labs as alternatives to traditional style chemistry-related labs were tested in the course, Topics in Physical Science. Guided learning labs emphasized students' conceptual understanding of the science content and actively involved the instructor during the lab. The control group performed traditional lab exorcise while students who carried out the guided learning activities formed the treatment group. Both groups

Barry Farris

2005-01-01

421

PAKS: Parents-and-Kids Science. 24 Activities for Kids and Adults To Share.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity book designed for grades 1-3 provides teachers with ready-to-use materials designed to get parents and children excited about science, help establish a home-school connection, and provide interesting learning activities for children to share with adults. This program gets parents involved in developing their children's science

McKenzie, Danny L.

422

An Inquiry-Based Vision Science Activity for Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Research Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vision science activity was originally designed for the 2007 Center for Adaptive Optics (CfAO) Summer School. Participants were graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and professionals studying the basics of adaptive optics. The majority were working in fields outside vision science, mainly astronomy and engineering. The primary goal of the activity was to give participants first-hand experience with the use of

N. M. Putnam; H. L. Maness; E. A. Rossi; J. J. Hunter

2010-01-01

423

The science activity planner for the mars exploration rover mission: fido field test results  

Microsoft Academic Search

The science activity planning process for the 2003 Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission was exercised in a ten day terrestrial rover field test in August 2002. A version of the MER mission Science Activity Planner (SAP) tool was used for downlink data visualization and uplink plan gener- ation. The Field Integrated Design and Operations (FIDO) rover was at an undisclosed

Paul G. Backes; Jeffrey S. Norris; Mark W. Powell; Marsette A. Vona; Robert Steinke; Justin Wick

2003-01-01

424

Place-Based Science Teaching and Learning: 40 Activities for K-8 Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Grounded in theory and best-practices research, this practical text provides elementary and middle school teachers with 40 place-based activities that will help them to make science learning relevant to their students. This text provides teachers with both a rationale and a set of strategies and activities for teaching science in a local context…

Buxton, Cory A.; Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr.

2011-01-01

425

Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science Magazine online. Access abstracts and full text articles updated weekly. Browse through the current issue or archived articles. Obtain information on magazine subscriptions and student, educator, and scientist awards. A wealth of science information is at your fingertips in all disciplines, particularly medicine. Links to other AAAS resources including extensive career information and the latest in HIV/AIDS and aging research.

426

Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the following papers on science instruction and technology: "A 3-D Journey in Space: A New Visual Cognitive Adventure" (Yoav Yair, Rachel Mintz, and Shai Litvak); "Using Collaborative Inquiry and Interactive Technologies in an Environmental Science Project for Middle School Teachers: A Description and Analysis" (Patricia…

Roach, Linda E., Ed.

427

Incorporating computational science activities in high school algebra  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite great increases in the role of computation in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), there has been no comprehensive curriculum for computational science in K-12 education [5]. The June 2005 President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) report stated that \\

Joseph Deluca; David A. Joiner

2006-01-01

428

Conversations about Science across Activities in Mexican-Descent Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent-child "everyday" conversations have been suggested as a source of children's early science learning. If such conversations are important, then it would be pertinent to know whether children from different family backgrounds have different experiences talking about science in informal settings. We focus on the relation between parents'…

Siegel, Deborah R.; Esterly, Jennifer; Callanan, Maureen A.; Wright, Ramser; Navarro, Rocio

2007-01-01

429

DNA fingerprinting using PCR: a practical forensic science activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a forensic science simulation programme applicable for use in colleges. Students were asked to find a putative suspect by DNA fingerprinting using a simple protocol developed in this study. DNA samples were obtained from a hair root and a drop of blood, common sources of DNA in forensic science. The DNA fingerprinting protocol uses PCR to amplify

Hyun-Jung Choi; Jung Hoon Ahn

2008-01-01

430

DNA Fingerprinting Using PCR: A Practical Forensic Science Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a forensic science simulation programme applicable for use in colleges. Students were asked to find a putative suspect by DNA fingerprinting using a simple protocol developed in this study. DNA samples were obtained from a hair root and a drop of blood, common sources of DNA in forensic science. The DNA fingerprinting…

Choi, Hyun-Jung; Ahn, Jung Hoon; Ko, Minsu

2008-01-01

431

Getting the right answers for the right reasons: Linking measurements, analyses, and models to advance the science of hydrology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The science of hydrology is on the threshold of major advances, driven by new hydrologic measurements, new methods for analyzing hydrologic data, and new approaches to modeling hydrologic systems. Here I suggest several promising directions forward, including (1) designing new data networks, field observations, and field experiments, with explicit recognition of the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of hydrologic processes, (2) replacing linear, additive "black box" models with "gray box" approaches that better capture the nonlinear and non-additive character of hydrologic systems, (3) developing physically based governing equations for hydrologic behavior at the catchment or hillslope scale, recognizing that they may look different from the equations that describe the small-scale physics, (4) developing models that are minimally parameterized and therefore stand some chance of failing the tests that they are subjected to, and (5) developing ways to test models more comprehensively and incisively. I argue that scientific progress will mostly be achieved through the collision of theory and data, rather than through increasingly elaborate and parameter-rich models that may succeed as mathematical marionettes, dancing to match the calibration data even if their underlying premises are unrealistic. Thus advancing the science of hydrology will require not only developing theories that get the right answers but also testing whether they get the right answers for the right reasons.

Kirchner, James W.

2006-03-01

432

Frontier Science in the Polar Regions: Current Activities of the Polar Research Board  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Academies (the umbrella term for the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council) is a private, nonprofit organization chartered by Congress in 1863. The Polar Research Board (PRB) is the focal point within the Academies for providing advice on issues related to the Arctic, Antarctic, and cold regions in general. Tasks within the PRB mission include: providing a forum for the polar science community to address research needs and policy issues; conducting studies and workshops on emerging scientific and policy issues in response to requests from federal agencies and others; providing program reviews, guidance, and assessments of priorities; and facilitating communication on polar issues among academia, industry, and government. The PRB also serves as the US National Committee to two international, nongovernmental polar science organizations: the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) and the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC). The polar regions are experiencing rapid changes in environment and climate, and the PRB has a number of completed and ongoing studies that will enhance scientific understanding of these issues. This poster will illustrate current PRB activities as well as results from two recently released reports: Frontiers in Understanding Climate Change and Polar Ecosystems and Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. In the former, a set of frontier research questions are developed to help scientists understand the impacts of climate change on polar ecosystems. The report builds on existing knowledge of climate change impacts and highlights the next big topics to be addressed in the coming decades. In addition, a number of methods and technologies are identified that will be useful to advance future research in polar ecosystem science. In the latter, changes to important science conducted on Antarctica and the surrounding Southern Ocean will be summarized. The report will identify the anticipated types and scope of US scientific programs in the region over the next two decades. It will also examine opportunities for international Antarctic scientific collaborations and report any new and emerging technologies. Through these reports, ongoing studies and workshops, and various outreach methods, the PRB plays an important role in dissemination of polar science, both in the United States and internationally. For example, the PRB played a critical role in planning the International Polar Year (IPY) 2007-2008 and is currently conducting a synthesis study called Legacies and Lessons of IPY 2007-2008. The report will be informed by a large community workshop and will examine what was learned and how the many pieces of IPY combine to move polar understanding forward in the future. Other PRB reports (e.g., Scientific Value of Arctic Sea Ice Imagery Derived Products and Toward an Integrated Arctic Observing Network) have also had important implications for current and future polar research.

Brown, L. M.

2011-12-01

433

Coal combustion science  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this activity is to support the Office of Fossil Energy in executing research on coal combustion science. This activity consists of basic research on coal combustion that supports both the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) Direct Utilization Advanced Research and Technology Development Program, and the International Energy Agency (IEA) Coal Combustion Science Project. Specific tasks include: coal devolatilization, coal char combustion, and fate of mineral matter during coal combustion. 91 refs., 40 figs., 9 tabs.

Hardesty, D.R. (ed.); Baxter, L.L.; Fletcher, T.H.; Mitchell, R.E.

1990-11-01

434

Basic Research Needs for Advanced Nuclear Systems. Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Basic Research Needs for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems, July 31-August 3, 2006  

SciTech Connect

The global utilization of nuclear energy has come a long way from its humble beginnings in the first sustained nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago in 1942. Today, there are over 440 nuclear reactors in 31 countries producing approximately 16% of the electrical energy used worldwide. In the United States, 104 nuclear reactors currently provide 19% of electrical energy used nationally. The International Atomic Energy Agency projects significant growth in the utilization of nuclear power over the next several decades due to increasing demand for energy and environmental concerns related to emissions from fossil plants. There are 28 new nuclear plants currently under construction including 10 in China, 8 in India, and 4 in Russia. In the United States, there have been notifications to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission of intentions to apply for combined construction and operating licenses for 27 new units over the next decade. The projected growth in nuclear power has focused increasing attention on issues related to the permanent disposal of nuclear waste, the proliferation of nuclear weapons technologies and materials, and the sustainability of a once-through nuclear fuel cycle. In addition, the effective utilization of nuclear power will require continued improvements in nuclear technology, particularly related to safety and efficiency. In all of these areas, the performance of materials and chemical processes under extreme conditions is a limiting factor. The related basic research challenges represent some of the most demanding tests of our fundamental understanding of materials science and chemistry, and they provide significant opportunities for advancing basic science with broad impacts for nuclear reactor materials, fuels, waste forms, and separations techniques. Of particular importance is the role that new nanoscale characterization and computational tools can play in addressing these challenges. These tools, which include DOE synchrotron X-ray sources, neutron sources, nanoscale science research centers, and supercomputers, offer the opportunity to transform and accelerate the fundamental materials and chemical sciences that underpin technology development for advanced nuclear energy systems. The fundamental challenge is to understand and control chemical and physical phenomena in multi-component systems from femto-seconds to millennia, at temperatures to 1000?C, and for radiation doses to hundreds of displacements per atom (dpa). This is a scientific challenge of enormous proportions, with broad implications in the materials science and chemistry of complex systems. New understanding is required for microstructural evolution and phase stability under relevant chemical and physical conditions, chemistry and structural evolution at interfaces, chemical behavior of actinide and fission-product solutions, and nuclear and thermomechanical phenomena in fuels and waste forms. First-principles approaches are needed to describe f-electron systems, design molecules for separations, and explain materials failure mechanisms. Nanoscale synthesis and characterization methods are needed to understand and design materials and interfaces with radiation, temperature, and corrosion resistance. Dynamical measurements are required to understand fundamental physical and chemical phenomena. New multiscale approaches are needed to integrate this knowledge into accurate models of relevant phenomena and complex systems across multiple length and time scales.

Roberto, J.; Diaz de la Rubia, T.; Gibala, R.; Zinkle, S.; Miller, J.R.; Pimblott, S.; Burns, C.; Raymond, K.; Grimes, R.; Pasamehmetoglu, K.; Clark, S.; Ewing, R.; Wagner, A.; Yip, S.; Buchanan, M.; Crabtree, G.; Hemminger, J.; Poate, J.; Miller, J.C.; Edelstein, N.; Fitzsimmons, T.; Gruzalski, G.; Michaels, G.; Morss, L.; Peters, M.; Talamini, K.

2006-10-01

435

Enhancing Science Education through Extracurricular Activities: A Retrospective Study of "Suzy Science and the Whiz Kids[C]"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Extracurricular activities (ECA) are informal settings offering free-choice experiences that are generally voluntary, open-ended, non-sequential, self-directed, hands-on, and evaluation-free. This mixed methods study investigates participation in a high school science ECA by collecting the memories of former student members for their perceptions…

Kralina, Linda M.

2009-01-01

436

Facilitating Advanced Study in Science and Engineering: The CUR Registry of Undergraduate Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent declining numbers of students pursuing graduate study in science and engineering jeopardizes the level of innovation, scientific discovery, and knowledge creation necessary for growth and prosperity in our knowledge-based global economy. Significant evidence suggests that participation in undergraduate research can lead to increased numbers of students pursuing graduate study in these disciplines. The Council on Undergraduate Research maintains

Kerry K. Karukstis

2007-01-01

437

Significant Advances in the AIRS Science Team Version-6 Retrieval Algorithm.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

AIRS/AMSU is the state of the art infrared and microwave atmospheric sounding system flying aboard EOS Aqua. The Goddard DISC has analyzed AIRS/AMSU observations, covering the period September 2002 until the present, using the AIRS Science Team Version-S ...

G. Molnar J. Blaisdell J. Susskind L. Iredell

2012-01-01

438

The Hamovitch Research Center: An Experiment in Collective Responsibility for Advancing Science in the Human Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research centers in schools of social work are growing in number and scope. In this article the authors argue that this increase is in line with the growing recognition that research and science are critical components of the mission of the social work profession. The authors examine the purposes and various models for establishing research…

Flynn, Marilyn; Brekke, John S.; Soydan, Haluk

2008-01-01

439

National Science Foundation Performance Highlights, FY 2006: Investing in America's Future. Advancing Discovery, Innovation, and Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NSF-supported researchers at New York Universitys Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences developed a new algorithm that makes it much easier to detect certain cancer genes. These are only two examples of the many discoveries reported by NSF-supported ...

2007-01-01

440

Advanced Placement Math and Science Courses: Influential Factors and Predictors for Success in College STEM Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|President Obama has recently raised awareness on the need for our nation to grow a larger pool of students with knowledge in science mathematics, engineering, and technology (STEM). Currently, while the number of women pursuing college degrees continues to rise, there remains an under-representation of women in STEM majors across the country.…

Hoepner, Cynthia Colon

2010-01-01

441

Marketing renaissance: How research in emerging markets advances marketing science and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decades, our discipline has made tremendous progress in addressing scientific and managerial marketing problems. However, our knowledge of marketing phenomena derives almost exclusively from research conducted in high income, industrialized countries. We believe it is paramount for the future of marketing science and practice that we conduct more research in so-called emerging markets (EMs). EMs present significant

Steven Michael Burgess; Jan-Benedict E. M. Steenkamp

2006-01-01

442

Black Males' Self-Perceptions of Academic Ability and Gifted Potential in Advanced Science Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research effort was to examine Black male students' self-perceptions of academic ability and gifted potential in science. The purposeful sample consisted of nine Black males between the ages of 14 and 18 years. Four categories of self-perceptions of academic ability and gifted potential emerged from the data. These included:…

Rascoe, Barbara; Atwater, Mary Monroe

2005-01-01

443

The Interrelationships among Science, Art, and Values: Significance for Advancing Holistic Excellence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Israel Arts and Science Academy for gifted secondary students is described. The goal of the academy is to graduate learners who will apply their gifts to the betterment of the human condition. The Greek ideal of the unity of truth, beauty, and goodness serves as the central curricular force. (Contains three references.) (Author/CR)|

Erez, Ronny

2001-01-01

444

Activities of Center for Lidar and Atmospheric Sciences Students, Hampton University.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The mission of CLASS was to provide education and training in NASA-related mathematics, technology and science to US. students who are underrepresented. In these areas and to encourage them to pursue advanced degrees. The project has three goals which sup...

D. Temple

2004-01-01

445

Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative establishes an advanced care Center with ECLS support in Hawaii to support the Pacific Rim. The Center will advance the science of Pediatric Advanced Care through new basic science and simulation research, wh...

L. Burgess

2010-01-01

446

Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Pacific Pediatric Advanced Care Initiative establishes an advanced care Center with ECLS support in Hawaii to support the Pacific Rim. The Center will advance the science of Pediatric Advanced Care through new basic science and simulation research, wh...

L. Burgess

2009-01-01

447

Little science, big science revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the basic dependent variables in the sociology of science is the rate at which scientific knowledge advances. Sociologists of science have in the past assumed that the rate of scientific advance was a function of the number of talented people entering science. This assumption was challenged by Derek Price who argued that as the number of scientists increased

S. Cole; G. S. Meyer

1985-01-01

448

Hands-On Science and Literacy Activities about Solar Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article features science lesson plans to teach elementary students about the sun's energy, the relationship between light and heat, albedo, and the absorption of different surfaces. National standards and literacy integrations are provided for each lesson.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

449

Expanding the Partnership of Researchers, Teachers and Parents Through Science Museum Activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science Museum of Tokyo brings science and the general public together through an international collaboration of institutes, universities, and K-12 projects. These include the live science show ``UNIVERSE'', a ``live observing'' program with Hands-On Universe (HOU), Internet telescopes and the constellation cameras i-CAN. We are expanding these activities into formal education in an after-school program. We model partnerships between educators, researchers, university students, teachers and parents to create informal and formal education programs.

Kimura, K.; Hoette, V.

2008-06-01

450

Building the e-Science Grid in the UK: Advanced Grid Computing Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of an advanced Grid-computing environment has been achieved through collaborative work between the HPCPortal and DataPortal teams at CCLRC. This has been achieved using the concepts of Web services and Grid services to encapsulate core components of both portals and provide a well- defined interface for collaborative development. This work is being developed under the banner of the

A. J. Richards; R. J. Allan; G. Drinkwater; K. Kleese

451

Advanced Resources for Catalysis Science; Recommendations for a National Catalysis Research Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catalysis is one of the most valuable contributors to our economy and historically an area where the United States has enjoyed, but is now losing, international leadership. While other countries are stepping up their work in this area, support for advanced catalysis research and development in the U.S. has diminished. Yet, more than ever, innovative and improved catalyst technologies are

Charles H. F. Peden; Douglas Ray

2005-01-01

452

Genomic Advances to Improve Biomass for Biofuels (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley National Lab bioscientist Daniel Rokhsar discusses genomic advances to improve biomass for biofuels. He presented his talk Feb. 11, 2008 in Berkeley, California as part of Berkeley Lab's community lecture series. Rokhsar works with the U.S. Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute and Berkeley Lab's Genomics Division.

Rokhsar, Daniel

2008-02-11

453

Advances in breath odor research: re-evaluation and newly-arising sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The articles in this special section describe the most recent advances in halitosis research presented at the Ninth International Conference on Breath Odor Research, a joint conference with the XXIV CONBRAPE (Brazilian Congress of Periodontology) held at Bahia Othon Palace Hotel in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil on 25–28 May 2011. It has been almost half a century since Joseph Tonzetich of

Ken Yaegaki

2012-01-01

454

Connecting Art and Science for Education: Learning through an Advanced Virtual Theater with Talking Heads  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present an innovative virtual theater in which the language of performance joins advanced technologies for educational goals. On the stage of this pioneering theatrical environment human actors interact with 3D faces (talking heads) on a wide screen. These synthetic characters are endowed with emotional expressions and voices and resemble famous personalities such as Pythagoras and Einstein. The performance

Adolfo Adamo; Pier Augusto Bertacchini; Eleonora Bilotta; Pietro Pantano; Assunta Tavernise

2010-01-01

455

Workshop on Advanced Computational Materials Science: Application to Fusion and Generation IV Fission Reactors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program was convened to determine the degree to which an increased effort in modeling and simulation could help bridge the gap between the data that is needed to support the implementation of these advanced nuclear technologies and the data that can ...

2004-01-01

456

Balloon borne emission spectroscopy for atmospheric science: Recent advances and future perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The `Institute for Meteorology und Climate Research' (IMK) has used stratospheric balloon borne platforms for atmospheric science for more than 20 years. For that purpose dedicated Infrared Fourier transform spectrometers (MIPAS-B) have been developed, characterised and operated. Recently the MIPAS-B payload has been complemented by TELIS, a submillimeter\\/Far IR heterodyne spectrometer, developed by DLR-IMF and SRON-EPS, and by a UV\\/vis

Hermann Oelhaf; M. Birk; F. Friedl-Vallon; A. Kleinert; A. de Lange; G. de Lange; G. Maucher; K. Pfeilsticker; G. Wagner; G. Wetzel

2010-01-01

457

Advancing Knowledge and Research: Developing a Doctoral Program in Clinical and Translational Science  

PubMed Central

In an emerging field such as clinical and translational science, questions of purpose and educational philosophy are crucial to consider as programs, competencies, and milestones are developed and become generally accepted as broad national standards. This article outlines issues to be taken into account as curricula are planned, implemented, and evaluated. It also discusses how philosophy, competencies, and assessments, including milestones, must be intertwined purposefully, with careful attention paid to the integration of knowledge, skills, and attitudes.

Moore, Debra W.; Dilmore, Terri Collin; Robinson, Georgeanna F. W. B.

2011-01-01

458

Some Aspects of Secondary School Science in Australia. Centre for Advancement of Teaching Education Monograph Series. No. 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest provides annotated bibliographies of articles published in THE AUSTRALIAN SCIENCE TEACHERS' JOURNAL from May 1955 to December 1973. Subjects included are: the place of science in the curriculum, scientific literacy, organization of science programs, current general science courses, current junior science courses, current senior science

Stanhope, Roy

459

The Effects of Behavior Model Analysis on Teachers' Behaviors During Science Activity Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reported are results of a study that investigated the effects of teacher training strategy on science activity lesson teaching behaviors of preservice teachers. The relationship between teaching behaviors and student achievement was also investigated. Preservice teachers (N=43) enrolled in elementary, middle, and secondary school science

Miller, Priscilla Ann

460

Scientific Literacy of Hong Kong Students and Instructional Activities in Science Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, instructional activities in science classrooms are examined in order to collect evidence to account for the strengths and weaknesses of Hong Kong students in scientific literacy as reported in the PISA 2000 project. The study consists of a questionnaire survey on the perceptions of classroom climate of science lessons of 17,616 Secondary 2 (S2) students and classroom

DIN-YAN YIP; DEREK CHEUNG

2004-01-01

461

Glimpses of Science: Multimedia-Enhanced Hands-On Activities for Primary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Glimpses of Science" is the outcome of collaboration between the University of New South Wales and four primary schools in the Sydney metropolitan region. A prototype kit on the topic of sound was developed and demonstrated by the team. This kit formed the basis for further science activities to be designed and produced in conjunction with the…

Hatsidimitris, George; Connor, Rick; Ginges, Jacinda; Wolfe, Joe

2010-01-01

462

Ordeal by Check: An introductory activity about the Nature of Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an introductory activity about the Nature of Science (NOS) that can be used on the first day of a laboratory class. It is designed to show students how scientific knowledge develops and is general enough to use in any science course.

Nagy-Shadman, Elizabeth

463

A Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Approach to Conducting Scientific Inquiry Activities in a Science Park  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fostering students' scientific inquiry competence has been recognised as being an important and challenging objective of science education. To strengthen the understanding of science theories or notations, researchers have suggested conducting some learning activities in the field via operating relevant devices. In a traditional infield…

Hwang, Gwo-Jen; Tsai, Chin-Chung; Chu, Hui-Chun; Kinshuk; Chen, Chieh-Yuan

2012-01-01

464

Activities Linking Science With Math, 5-8 (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science does not exist in a vacuum and, therefore, shouldn't be taught that way. In that spirit, Activities Linking Science With Math, 5-8, is a hands-on guide for preservice and inservice elementary and middle school teachers who want to connect

Eichinger, John

2009-06-15

465

Promoting Science Outdoor Activities for Elementary School Children: Contributions from a research laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of the study were to analyse the promotion of scientific literacy through practical research activities and to identify children's conceptions about scientists and how they do science. Elementary school children were engaged in two scientific experiments in a marine biology research laboratory. A total of 136 students answered a questionnaire about their previous habits towards science and carried

Diana Boaventura; Cláudia Faria; Isabel Chagas; Cecília Galvão

2011-01-01

466

Low-frequency active vibration isolation for advanced LIGO  

Microsoft Academic Search

LIGO is dedicated to the detection of gravitational waves. To achieve the design sensitivity of the proposed Advanced LIGO detectors, the seismic isolation system is required to isolate the interferometer mirrors from ground motion above 0.1 Hz. The dominant source of motion above 0.1 Hz is the microseismic peaks near 0.15 Hz. The system needs to isolate the payload from

Wensheng Hua; R. Adhikari; Daniel B. DeBra; Joseph A. Giaime; Giles D. Hammond; C. Hardham; Mike Hennessy; Jonathan P. How; Brian T. Lantz; M. Macinnis; R. Mittleman; S. Richman; Norna A. Robertson; J. Rollins; David H. Shoemaker; Robin T. Stebbins

2004-01-01

467

Teaching hands-on science activities: Variables that moderate attitude-behavior consistency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationship between prospective elementary teachers' attitudes, subjective norms, and intentions to teach science using hands-on activities at least twice a week during their first year of employment was investigated. The findings suggest that measuring prospective teachers' attitudes toward science cannot adequately predict nor provide a satisfactory explanation of their science teaching behaviors. The findings also provide clear support for two hypotheses derived from Fishbein and Ajzen's theory of reasoned action regarding the predictability of prospective teachers' intentions to teach science from their attitudes and subjective norms.Received: 25 October 1985

Koballa, Thomas R., Jr.

468

Soft X-Ray Microscopy and Spectroscopy at the Molecular Environmental Science Beamline at the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

We present examples of the application of synchrotron-based spectroscopies and microscopies to environmentally-relevant samples. The experiments were performed at the Molecular Environmental Science beamline (11.0.2) at the Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Examples range from the study of water monolayers on Pt(111) single crystal surfaces using X-ray emission spectroscopy and the examination of alkali halide solution/water vapor interfaces using ambient pressure photoemission spectroscopy, to the investigation of actinides, river-water biofilms, Al-containing colloids and mineral-bacteria suspensions using scanning transmission X-ray spectromicroscopy. The results of our experiments show that spectroscopy and microscopy in the soft X-ray energy range are excellent tools for the investigation of environmentally relevant samples under realistic conditions, i.e. with water or water vapor present at ambient temperature.

Bluhm, Hendrik; Andersson, Klas J.; Araki, Tohru; Benzerara, Karim; Brown, Gordon E.; Dynes, Jay J.; Ghosal, Sutapa; Gilles, Mary K.; Hansen, Hans C.; Hemminger, J. C.; Hitchcock, Adam P.; Ketteler, Guido; Kilcoyne, Arthur L.; Kneedler, Eric M.; Lawrence, John R.; Leppard, Gary G.; Majzlam, Juraj; Mun, B. S.; Myneni, Satish C.; Nilsson, Anders R.; Ogasawara, Hirohito; Ogletree, D. F.; Pecher, Klaus H.; Salmeron, Miquel B.; Shuh, David K.; Tonner, Brian; Tyliszczak, Tolek; Warwick, Tony; Yoon, T. H.

2006-02-01

469

Science-Active Liberal Arts Colleges and the Future of Basic Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent report, "Educating America's Scientists: The Role of the Research Colleges" identified a group of 48 liberal arts colleges distinguished by their research records and proportions of science graduates. These institutions are remarkable for their production of meaningful basic research with the presence of doctorate level departments. (MLW)

Stanitski, Conrad; And Others

1986-01-01

470

Science-based material modeling activities at Sandia National Laboratories/California : an overview.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this presentation is to provide an overview of the science-based materials modeling activities at Sandia National Laboratories, California. The main mission driver for the work is the development of predictive modeling and simulation capabilities leveraging high performance computing software and hardware. Presentation will highlight research accomplishments in several specific topics of current interest. Sandia/California has been engaged in the development of high performance computing based predictive modeling and simulation capabilities in support of the Science-Based Stockpile Stewardship Program of the U. S. Department of Energy. Of particular interest is the development of constitutive models that can efficiently and accurately predict post-failure material response and load-redistribution in systems and components. Fracture and failure are inherently multi-scale and our philosophy is to include required physics in our models at all appropriate scales. We approach the problems from the continuum point of view and intend to provide continuum models that include dominant subscale mechanisms. Moreover, numerical algorithms are needed to allow implementation of physical models in high performance computing codes such that large-scale modeling and simulation can be conducted. Other drivers of our effort include the emerging application of micro- and nano-systems and the increasing interest in biotechnology. In this presentation, our research in fracture and failure modeling, atomic-continuum coupling code development, microstructure-material properties relationships exploration, and general continuum theories advancement will be presented. Where appropriate, examples will be given to demonstrate the utility of the models.

Chen, Er-Ping

2004-08-01

471

Creating a virtual community of practice to investigate legitimate peripheral participation by African American middle school girls in science activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do teenage girls develop an interest in science? What kinds of opportunities can science teachers present to female students that support their engagement with learning science? I studied one aspect of this issue by focusing on ways students could use science to enhance or gain identities that they (probably) already valued. To do that I created technology-rich activities and

Leslie D. Edwards

2002-01-01

472

Advanced Development of an Active Neuromusculature Response to Mechanical Stress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this project was to further define and formulate methodologies for implementing active muscle responses into the present ATB(Articulated Total Body) Mathematical model. An active neuromusculature response to mechanical stress was further ...

A. Freivalds

1984-01-01

473

Physical activity and exercise: Recent advances and current challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an overview of major developments in physical activity and exercise for health promotion and disease prevention during the past 10 years. The importance of physical activity to physical and mental health was increasingly recognized. Assessment methods appropriate for diverse population groups were developed, and understanding of correlates of regular physical activity improved. Many studies focused on moderate

Patricia M. Dubbert

2002-01-01

474

Research Advances at the Institute for Nutritional Sciences at Shanghai, China12  

PubMed Central

Nutrition-related health issues have emerged as a major threat to public health since the rebirth of the economy in China starting in the 1980s. To meet this challenge, the Chinese Academy of Sciences established the Institute for Nutritional Sciences (INS) at Shanghai, China ?8 y ago. The mission of the INS is to apply modern technologies and concepts in nutritional research to understand the molecular mechanism and provide means of intervention in the combat against nutrition-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and many types of cancers. Through diligent and orchestrated efforts by INS scientists, graduate students, and research staff in the past few years, the INS has become the leading institution in China in the areas of basic nutritional research and metabolic regulation. Scientists at the INS have made important progress in many areas, including the characterization of genetic and nutritional properties of the Chinese population, metabolic control associated with nutrient sensing, molecular mechanisms underlying glucose and lipid metabolism, regulation of metabolism by adipokines and inflammatory pathways, disease intervention using functional foods or extracts of Chinese herbs, and many biological studies related to carcinogenesis. The INS will continue its efforts in understanding the optimal nutritional needs for Chinese people and the molecular causes associated with metabolic diseases, thus paving the way for effective and individualized intervention in the future. This review highlights the major research endeavors undertaken by INS scientists in recent years.

Chen, Yan; Lin, Xu; Liu, Yong; Xie, Dong; Fang, Jing; Le, Yingying; Ke, Zunji; Zhai, Qiwei; Wang, Hui; Guo, Feifan; Wang, Fudi; Liu, Yi

2011-01-01

475

76 FR 5391 - Office of Biotechnology Activities, Office of Science Policy, Office of the Director  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Office of Biotechnology Activities, Office of Science Policy, Office of the Director Amended Notice of Meeting Notice is hereby given of a...

2011-01-31

476

Rutherford's enlarged: A content-embedded activity to teach about nature of science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity can be used to help middle and secondary school students develop more informed understandings of some important aspects of nature of science in the context of teaching them about Rutherford's experiments and atomic structure.

Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad

477

75 FR 53706 - Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate: Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DHS-2010-0072] Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate: Agency Information Collection Activities...Directorate to provide information, resources and technology solutions that address...or other forms of information technology, e.g.,...

2010-09-01

478

75 FR 33631 - Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate; Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DHS-2010-0040] Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate; Agency Information Collection Activities...Directorate to provide information, resources and technology solutions that address...or other forms of information technology, e.g.,...

2010-06-14

479

Radio Astronomy Activities as a Teaching Tool for Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of the Universe, or astronomy, has for a long time been of interest to university students of almost any major. It is also a program that, if properly, allows the university system an opportunity to give students an introduction into the fields of physics as well as other sciences in a non-traditional way. While professional astronomers do not

J. B. Scott; Timothy Imholt; Raymond Benge; James Roberts

2001-01-01

480

Developing Challenging Science Activities for Gifted Pupils through Action Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the Action Research Project undertaken by four primary teachers. The aim of the Project was to make their science teaching more effective in challenging gifted pupils. The teachers were interviewed at the end of the Project to see how successful they had been in achieving their aim. They all indicated that action research…

Coates, David

2009-01-01

481

Agricultural Science Fairs: Are Students Truly Learning from This Activity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pretest/posttest administered to 480 fourth-graders revealed an increase in correct responses for 9 of 10 questions following participation in an agricultural science fair. Significant increases were related to knowledge of how agriculture affects everyday life. A teacher survey (n=89) indicated that it was a positive learning experience but…

Boleman, C. T.; Burrell, F., Jr.

2003-01-01

482

Science Study Aids 7: Fermentation - Activities of a Fabulous Fungus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is the seventh of a series of seven supplementary investigative materials for use in secondary science classes providing up-to-date research-related investigations. This unit is structured for grades 7 through 10. It is concerned with the roles of fermentation processes in the agriculture and food industry. The guide enables…

McConnell, Bill

483

The Inventive Mind in Science: Creative Thinking Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Creative thinking and how to foster it is the focus of this resource book for teachers. Part One of this book emphasizes the theoretical background of the creative thinking concept and discusses the relationship between creative thinking, problem solving, science, and technology. Part Two focuses on three levels of inventing, each examinin