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Sample records for acuifero alto piura

  1. [Intra-domiciliary capture of Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus (Champion, 1899) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in Piura, Peru].

    PubMed

    Marín, Edgard; Santillán, Rosa; Cuba, César; Jurberg, José; Galvão, Cleber

    2007-09-01

    Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus is widely distributed in Central and South America. In Peru, it has been found in Tumbes, Piura, and Cuzco. The authors report the presence of P. rufotuberculatus in Chirinos-La Pareja, Suyo district, Ayabaca Province, Piura Region, Peru. Twenty-eight specimens were collected in two of 15 dwellings: three 2nd instar, four 3rd instar, two 4th instar, and eight 5th instar nymphs, three male and eight female, in an intra-domiciliary colony of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus, raised indoors as a source of diet protein) and beds and bedroom walls. None of the fecal samples were naturally infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. This is the first report of synanthropic presence of P. rufotuberculatus in the region. The finding emphasizes the need for careful entomological and epidemiological surveillance of this and other triatomine species in the Region. PMID:17700958

  2. Calar Alto Academy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pedraz, Santos; Galadí, David

    Calar Alto Academy was initiated in 2007 with the aim to give students from different Spanish universities the chance to perform professional observational work at Calar Alto Observatory. The second edition of this innovative educational project has increased the number of participating universities and has almost doubled the quantity of visiting students, in a significant step towards the consolidation of this undergraduate and graduate school of observational astronomy.

  3. Porting Grammars between Typologically Similar Languages: Japanese Palo Alto Research Center

    E-print Network

    Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA rkim@parc.com Ronald M. KAPLAN Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA kaplan@parc.com Mary DALRYMPLE Dept Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA thking@parc.com Abstract We report

  4. * Corresponding author. Rehabilitation R & D Center (153), VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, CA,

    E-print Network

    * Corresponding author. Rehabilitation R & D Center (153), VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 as de"ned by the skeletal muscle power}velocity relationship. The results showed that our hypothesis for the tibialis anterior and rectus femoris were observed. Thus, the nervous system used adaptations to the muscle

  5. The Arctic Lower Troposphere Observed Structure (ALTOS) Campaign

    SciTech Connect

    Verlinde, J

    2010-10-18

    The ALTOS campaign focuses on operating a tethered observing system for routine in situ sampling of low-level (< 2 km) Arctic clouds. It has been a long-term hope to fly tethered systems at Barrow, Alaska, but it is clear that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will not permit in-cloud tether systems at Barrow, even if unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operations are allowed in the future. We have provided the scientific rationale for long-term, routine in situ measurements of cloud and aerosol properties in the Arctic. The existing restricted air space at Oliktok offers an opportunity to do so.

  6. The Gran Telescopio Canarias and Calar Alto public archives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solano, E.; Gutiérrez, R.; Alacid, J. M.; Jiménez-Esteban, F.; Velasco, A.

    2013-05-01

    In this paper we describe the main characteristics and functionalities of the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) and Calar Alto public archives. The archives have been developed in the framework of the Spanish Virtual Observatory and are maintained by the Data Archive Unit at Centro de Astrobiología (CAB, INTA-CSIC). The archives contain both raw and science ready data and have been designed in compliance with the standards defined by the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) which guarantees a high level of data accessibility and handling.

  7. The Night Sky at the Calar Alto Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sánchez, S. F.; Aceituno, J.; Thiele, U.; Pérez-Ramírez, D.; Alves, J.

    2007-10-01

    We present characterization of the main properties of the night sky at the Calar Alto observatory for the time period between 2004 and 2007. We use optical spectrophotometric data, photometric-calibrated images taken in moonless observing periods, together with the observing conditions regularly monitored at the observatory, such as atmospheric extinction and seeing. We derive, for the first time, the typical moonless night-sky optical spectrum for the observatory. The spectrum shows a strong contamination by different pollution lines, in particular from mercury lines, whose contribution to the sky brightness in the different bands is of the order of ~0.09, ~0.16, and ~0.10 mag in B, V, and R, respectively. Regarding the strength of the sodium pollution line in comparison with the airglow emission, the observatory does not fulfill the IAU recommendations for a dark site. The zenith-corrected values of the moonless night-sky surface brightness are 22.39, 22.86, 22.01, 21.36, and 19.25 mag arcsec-2 in U, B, V, R and I, which indicates that Calar Alto is a particularly dark site for optical observations up to the I band. The fraction of astronomical useful nights at the observatory is ~70%, with ~30% of photometric nights. The typical extinction at the observatory is ?V~0.15 mag in the winter season, with little dispersion. In summer the extinction has a wider range of values, although it does not reach the extreme peaks observed at other sites. The analysis of the winter and summer extinction curves indicates that the Rayleigh scattering is almost constant throughout the year. The rise of the extinction in the summer season is due to an enhancement of the aerosol extinction, most probably associated with an increase of dust in the atmosphere. The median seeing for the last two years (2005-2006) was ~0.90", being smaller in the summer (~0.87") than in the winter (~0.96"). We conclude in general that after 26 years of operations, Calar Alto is still a good astronomical site. Its main properties are similar in many aspects to those of other major observatories where 10 m-like telescopes are under operation or construction, thus being a natural candidate for future large aperture optical telescopes.

  8. CARACTERIZACIN AMBIENTAL DE LOS PINARES DE PINO RODENO (Pinus pinaster Ait.) EN EL ALTO GUADALQUIVIR (JAN)

    E-print Network

    Herrera, Carlos M.

    CARACTERIZACIÓN AMBIENTAL DE LOS PINARES DE PINO RODENO (Pinus pinaster Ait.) EN EL ALTO mesológicamente los pinares de pino rodeno (Pinus pinaster) en el alto Guadalquivir (Sierras de Cazorla y Segura pino rodeno. P.C.: Pinus pinaster, pinar, encinar, Cazorla, Jaén, España. SUMMARY A preliminar study

  9. PANIC: the new panoramic NIR camera for Calar Alto

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baumeister, Harald; Alter, Matthias; Cárdenas Vázquez, M. Concepción; Fernandez, Matilde; Fried, Josef; Helmling, Jens; Huber, Armin; Ibáñez Mengual, Jose-Miguel; Rodríguez Gómez, Julio F.; Laun, Werner; Lenzen, Rainer; Mall, Ulrich; Naranjo, Vianak; Ramos, Jose-Ricardo; Rohloff, Ralf-Rainer; García Segura, Antonio; Storz, Clemens; Ubierna, Marcos; Wagner, Karl

    2008-07-01

    PANIC is a wide-field NIR camera, which is currently under development for the Calar Alto observatory (CAHA) in Spain. It uses a mosaic of four Hawaii-2RG detectors and covers the spectral range from 0.8-2.5 ?m (z to K-band). The field-of-view is 30×30 arcmin. This instrument can be used at the 2.2m telescope (0.45arcsec/pixel, 0.5×0.5 degree FOV) and at the 3.5m telescope (0.23arcsec/pixel, 0.25×0.25 degree FOV). The operating temperature is about 77K, achieved by liquid Nitrogen cooling. The cryogenic optics has three flat folding mirrors with diameters up to 282 mm and nine lenses with diameters between 130 mm and 255 mm. A compact filter unit can carry up to 19 filters distributed over four filter wheels. Narrow band (1%) filters can be used. The instrument has a diameter of 1.1 m and it is about 1 m long. The weight limit of 400 kg at the 2.2m telescope requires a light-weight cryostat design. The aluminium vacuum vessel and radiation shield have wall thicknesses of only 6 mm and 3 mm respectively.

  10. Bird diversity and conservation of Alto Balsas (southwestern Puebla), Mexico.

    PubMed

    Ramírez-Albores, Jorge E

    2007-03-01

    Knowledge of the composition of the bird community in Alto Balsas (southwestern Puebla, Central Mexico) is needed for management programs aiming at protection and conservation of bird species and their habitats I studied sites with tropical deciduous forest. Data were obtained during 1666 hours of field work in 238 days from March 1998 to September 2000. Six permanent transect (3.5 km long and 100 m wide; 30 to 40 ha in each transect) were used to determine species richness in the study sites. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index was calculated for each site and Sorensen's index was used to assess similarity between sites. One-way analysis of variance was used to test for differences between sites in species richness and diversity values. A total of 128 species were recorded, Tepexco (n=75, H' = 3.76) and Puente Márquez (n=61, H' = 3.62) were the sites that showed the greatest specific richness and diversity. However, species richness and diversity seasonally patterns were similar among sites (ANOVA p > 0.05), with highest diversity during the rainy season. Most species were resident; 42 were migrants. The avifauna was represented by 30 species associated with tropical deciduous forest and 12 from open habitats or heavily altered habitats. Insectivores were the best represented trophic category, followed by carnivores and omnivores. PMID:18457138

  11. The Calar Alto lunar occultation program: update and new results

    E-print Network

    A. Richichi; O. Fors; M. Merino; X. Otazu; J. Nunez; A. Prades; U. Thiele; D. Perez-Ramirez; F. J. Montojo

    2005-10-05

    We present an update of the lunar occultation program which is routinely carried out in the near-IR at the Calar Alto Observatory. A total of 350 events were recorded since our last report (Fors et al. 2004). In the course of eight runs we have observed, among others, late-type giants, T-Tauri stars, and infrared sources. Noteworthy was a passage of the Moon close to the galactic center, which produced a large number of events during just a few hours in July 2004. Results include the determinations of the angular diameter of RZ Ari, and the projected separations and brightness ratios for one triple and 13 binary stars, almost all of which representing first time detections. Projected separations range from 0.09arcsec to 0.007arcsec. We provide a quantitative analysis of the performance achieved in our observations in terms of angular resolution and sensitivity, which reach about 0.003arcsec and K~8.5mag, respectively. We also present a statistical discussion of our sample, and in particular of the frequency of detection of binaries among field stars.

  12. The Calar Alto Serendipitous Asteroid Discovery and Observation program --- CASADO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hellmich, S.; Debschütz, L.; Hafemeister, L.; Gerull, O.; Proffe, G.; Mottola, S.; Hahn, G.

    2014-07-01

    In the past years much effort was put into programs for asteroid discovery. Large-scale programs like LINEAR[1] and Catalina Sky Survey were introduced and powerful telescopes like Pan-STARRS[3] were built only for the purpose of finding asteroids, to name just a few. Thus, the rate of asteroid discoveries literally exploded. Although by far the largest number of observations is done by the big surveys also smaller observation programs can provide valuable data. Telescopes, whether they hunt asteroids or do other tasks, image them all the time. By searching the images for serendipitously observed asteroids one can contribute to refine orbits of already known asteroids, find new objects and sometimes even determine basic physical properties which are unknown for most of the known asteroids. In October 2012 we started CASADO, a program for secondary usage of the data collected within a long term observation program carried out at the 1.23m telescope at Calar Alto. The telescope is equipped with a 4k by 4k CCD covering a field of view of about 22 by 22 arcmin. We use the telescope for 100 nights per year mainly for photometric observations of Jupiter Trojans[4] but also main-belt objects, satellites of Jupiter and comets are sometimes observed. In a typical observation campaign, we focus on about 15 to 20 minor bodies of which we repetitively observe 10 to 15 during a single night. To search the fields for serendipitously-observed objects we implemented a semi-automated software which performs the astrometric calibration, searches the images for moving objects, identifies already known asteroids and prepares MPC reports. By calculating preliminary orbital elements for the newly-discovered objects using OpenOrb[2] we are also able to compute ephemeris and reliably link the observations of these objects over multiple nights. Not only do we process the images of ongoing campaigns, but also went back in time to July 2011. While the astrometry of the objects which have been found is reported to the Minor Planet Center we also look for asteroids imaged over several nights to combine the observations to lightcurves. As of March 2014, CASADO, which also serves the purpose of educating and training young students and observers, has obtained 151 provisional designations assigned by the MPC. Among them 2013 SA_{87}, according to the MPC the only TNO discovered in 2013. Form the carefully-selected candidate objects for lightcurve analysis we were able to determine 9 reliable rotational periods.

  13. The Collapse of the Alto Río Building during the 27 February 2010 Maule, Chile, Earthquake

    E-print Network

    Song, Cheng; Pujol, Santiago; Lepage, Andres

    2012-06-01

    The Alto Río Building, a 15-story building located in Concepción, Chile, collapsed during the 2010 Maule earthquake. Construction of the building was completed in 2009 following the Chilean building code of 1996. The building was provided...

  14. Domiciliation process of Rhodnius stali (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Alto Beni, La Paz, Bolivia.

    PubMed

    Matias, A; de la Riva, J; Martinez, E; Torrez, M; Dujardin, J P

    2003-03-01

    We report a systematic collection of Triatominae inside houses and in the peridomestic environment of Alto Beni, department of La Paz, Bolivia. This area is free of Triatoma infestans and although we detected previously seropositivity for Trypanosoma cruzi, the Alto Beni region is not officially considered as endemic for Chagas disease. From 11 houses of five localities, we collected adults, nymphs and eggs of a Rhodnius species, which was confirmed by morphological and morphometric analysis as Rhodnius stali. This little-known species has long been confused with R. pictipes, and was originally described from museum specimens labelled as R. pictipes. Our data show that R. stali is able to establish colonies in domestic and peridomestic habitats in Bolivia, and it is probably the vector responsible for Chagas disease seropositivity observed in the indigenous population of Alto Beni. PMID:12631318

  15. MUTAGENIC ACTIVITY AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION FOR THE PALO ALTO WASTEWATER RECLAMATION AND GROUNDWATER INJECTION FACILITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    At the Palo Alto Reclamation Plant 0.044 cu m/s (1 mgd) of secondary effluent is reclaimed through a series of wastewater treatment processes. Mutagenic activity was consistently found to be present in the secondary treated municipal wastewater influent to the Reclamation Facilit...

  16. Schooling and Critical Citizenship: Pedagogies of Political Agency in El Alto, Bolivia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazar, Sian

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the formation of citizenship as social practice in a school in El Alto, Bolivia. I examine interactions between "banking" forms of education, students' responses, and embodied practices of belonging and political agency, and argue that the seemingly passive forms of knowledge transmission so criticized by critical pedagogy…

  17. Micrometer measurements of double stars from the Spanish observatories at Calar Alto and Santiago de Compostela.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Docobo, J. A.

    1998-05-01

    This paper reports 458 micrometer observations of visual double stars made with the 152 cm. telescope at Calar Alto Observatory (Almeria, Spain) and with the 35 cm. telescope at Ramon Maria Aller Observatory (Santiago de Compostela, Spain). Tables 1 and 2 only available in electronic form at CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

  18. CALIFA, the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey. III. Second public data release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    García-Benito, R.; Zibetti, S.; Sánchez, S. F.; Husemann, B.; de Amorim, A. L.; Castillo-Morales, A.; Cid Fernandes, R.; Ellis, S. C.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Galbany, L.; Gil de Paz, A.; González Delgado, R. M.; Lacerda, E. A. D.; López-Fernandez, R.; de Lorenzo-Cáceres, A.; Lyubenova, M.; Marino, R. A.; Mast, D.; Mendoza, M. A.; Pérez, E.; Vale Asari, N.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Ascasibar, Y.; Bekerait*error*?, S.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Barrera-Ballesteros, J. K.; Bomans, D. J.; Cano-Díaz, M.; Catalán-Torrecilla, C.; Cortijo, C.; Delgado-Inglada, G.; Demleitner, M.; Dettmar, R.-J.; Díaz, A. I.; Florido, E.; Gallazzi, A.; García-Lorenzo, B.; Gomes, J. M.; Holmes, L.; Iglesias-Páramo, J.; Jahnke, K.; Kalinova, V.; Kehrig, C.; Kennicutt, R. C.; López-Sánchez, Á. R.; Márquez, I.; Masegosa, J.; Meidt, S. E.; Mendez-Abreu, J.; Mollá, M.; Monreal-Ibero, A.; Morisset, C.; del Olmo, A.; Papaderos, P.; Pérez, I.; Quirrenbach, A.; Rosales-Ortega, F. F.; Roth, M. M.; Ruiz-Lara, T.; Sánchez-Blázquez, P.; Sánchez-Menguiano, L.; Singh, R.; Spekkens, K.; Stanishev, V.; Torres-Papaqui, J. P.; van de Ven, G.; Vilchez, J. M.; Walcher, C. J.; Wild, V.; Wisotzki, L.; Ziegler, B.; Alves, J.; Barrado, D.; Quintana, J. M.; Aceituno, J.

    2015-04-01

    This paper describes the Second Public Data Release (DR2) of the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) survey. The data for 200 objects are made public, including the 100 galaxies of the First Public Data Release (DR1). Data were obtained with the integral-field spectrograph PMAS/PPak mounted on the 3.5 m telescope at the Calar Alto observatory. Two different spectral setups are available for each galaxy, (i) a low-resolution V500 setup covering the wavelength range 3745-7500 Å with a spectral resolution of 6.0 Å (FWHM); and (ii) a medium-resolution V1200 setup covering the wavelength range 3650-4840 Å with a spectral resolution of 2.3 Å (FWHM). The sample covers a redshift range between 0.005 and 0.03, with a wide range of properties in the color-magnitude diagram, stellar mass, ionization conditions, and morphological types. All the cubes in the data release were reduced with the latest pipeline, which includes improvedspectrophotometric calibration, spatial registration, and spatial resolution. The spectrophotometric calibration is better than 6% and the median spatial resolution is 2.?4. In total, the second data release contains over 1.5 million spectra. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (MPIA) and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).The second data release is available at http://califa.caha.es/DR2

  19. Brief Therapy Based on Interrupting Ironic Processes: The Palo Alto Model

    PubMed Central

    Rohrbaugh, Michael J.; Shoham, Varda

    2009-01-01

    The model of brief therapy developed by Fisch, Weakland, Watzlawick, and colleagues in Palo Alto is based on identifying and interrupting ironic processes that occur when repeated attempts to solve a problem keep the problem going or make it worse. Formulations of ironic problem-solution loops provide a template for assessment and strategic intervention, indicating where to look to understand what keeps a problem going (look for “more of the same” solution) and what needs to happen for the complaint to be resolved (someone must apply “less of the same” solution). Supporting research is preliminary but suggests this approach may be well suited for change-resistant clients. PMID:19997533

  20. The Gran Telescopio Canarias and Calar Alto Virtual Observatory compliant archives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solano, Enrique; Gutiérrez, Raúl; Alacid, José Manuel; Jiménez-Esteban, Francisco; Velasco Trasmonte, Almudena

    2012-09-01

    The Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) and Calar Alto archives are the result of the collaboration agreements between the Centro de Astrobiología (CAB, INTA-CSIC)) and two entities: GRANTECAN S.A. and the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA). The archives have been developed in the framework of the Spanish Virtual Observatory and are maintained by the Data Archive Unit at CAB. The archives contain both raw and science ready data and have been designed in compliance with the standards defined by the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) which guarantees a high level of data accessibility and handling. In this paper we describe the main characteristics and functionalities of both archives.

  1. Oscillation regimes produced by an alto saxophone: Influence of the control parameters and the bore inharmonicity.

    PubMed

    Doc, Jean-Baptiste; Vergez, Christophe

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this work is to highlight experimentally how inharmonicity of the bore resonance frequencies of an alto saxophone influences the nature of the oscillation regimes. A variable volume branching from the neck of an alto sax at an appropriate position allows one to change the frequency of the first resonance independently from the second. A blowing machine with artificial lips is used to make the saxophone play while controlling independently the control parameters: the blowing pressure and an embouchure parameter. Values of these parameters are estimated experimentally through the measurement of the nonlinear characteristics linking the mean air flow blown into the instrument to the static pressure difference across the reed. Experiments with different values of the control parameters as well as of the inharmonicity produce different kinds of oscillation regimes. These regimes are categorized through the analysis of the pressure signal inside the mouthpiece. The resulting maps demonstrate that the emergence of quasi-periodic regimes, and their extent, depend on the level of inharmonicity, but also on the values of the control parameters. Periodic regimes playable by choosing appropriate values of the control parameters also differ according to the level of inharmonicity, a higher inharmonicity facilitating the emergence of the third register. PMID:25920828

  2. Petrology and geochemistry of Alto Peak, a vapor-cored hydrothermal system, Leyte Province, Philippines

    SciTech Connect

    Reyes, A.G.; Giggenbach, W.F.; Saleras, J.R.M.; Salonga, N.D.; Vergara, M.C.

    1993-10-01

    Based on detailed petrological information on secondary mineral assemblages and the composition of fluids trapped in inclusions and discharged from five wells, the Alto Peak geothermal field was found to represent a combined vapor and liquid-dominated system. A central core or chimney, with a diameter of about 1 km, a height of some 3 km and occupied by a high gas vapor (1.1 to 5.6 molal CO{sub 2}), is surrounded by an envelope of intermediate salinity water (7,000 mg/kg Cl) with temperatures between 250 and 350 C. The transition from purely vapor-dominated to liquid-dominated zones takes place via two-phase zones occupied by fluid mixtures of highly variable compositions. Much of the lower temperature, mature neutral pH Cl water is likely to have formed during an earlier stage in the evolution of the system. High temperatures of > 300 C, and associated alteration, are limited to wells AP-1D and the lower parts of AP-2D and are ascribed to re-heating by recent magmatic intrusions. The isotopic composition of the well discharges suggests that they contain some 40 to 50% of magmatic water. Alto Peak is considered a typical example of hydrothermal systems associated with many dormant volcanoes.

  3. Fuel dynamics by using Landscape Ecology Indices in the Alto Mijares, Spain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iqbal, J.; Garcia, C. V.

    2009-04-01

    Land abandonment in Mediterranean regions has brought about a number of management problems, being an increased wildfire activity prevalent among them. Agricultural neglect in highlands resulted in reduced anthropogenic disturbances and greater landscape homogeneity in areas such as the Alto Mijares in Spain. It is widely accepted that processes like forest fires, influence structure of the landscape and vice versa. Fire-prone Mediterranean flora is well adapted to this disturbance, exhibiting excellent succession capabilities; but higher fuel loads and homogeneous conditions may ally to promote vegetation recession when the fire regime is altered by land abandonment. Both succession and recession make changes to the landscape structure and configuration. However, these changes are difficult to quantify and characterize. If landscape restoration of these forests is a management objective, then developing a quantitative knowledge base for landscape fuel dynamics is a prerequisite. Four classified LandsatTM satellite images were compared to quantify changes in landscape structure between 1984 and 1998. An attempt is made to define landscape level dynamics for fuel development after reduced disturbance and fuel accumulation that leads to catastrophic fires by using landscape ecology indices. By doing so, indices that best describe the fuel dynamics are pointed. The results indicate that low-level disturbance increases heterogeneity, thus lowers fire hazard. No disturbance or severe disturbance increases homogeneity because of vegetation succession and may lead to devastating fires. These fires could be avoided by human induced disturbance like controlled burning, harvesting, mechanical works for fuel reduction and other silviculture measures; thus bringing in more heterogeneity in the region. The Alto Mijares landscape appears to be in an unstable equilibrium where succession and recession are at tug of war. The effects are evident in the general absence of the climax species of Quercus ilex. It have also been recognised that just one index is rarely sufficient to describe the complex dynamics in any landscape; it is usually a group of indices that needs to be consulted in order to perceive the wider picture. The study indicates that there is a need for landscape and social restoration in areas like Alto Mijares to make best use of available resources and avoid catastrophic fires.

  4. The Night Sky at the Calar Alto Observatory II: The Sky at the Near-infrared

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sánchez, S. F.; Thiele, U.; Aceituno, J.; Cristobal, D.; Perea, J.; Alves, J.

    2008-11-01

    We present the characterization of additional properties of the night sky at the Calar Alto observatory, following the study started by Sánchez et al. in 2007. We focus here on the night-sky brightness at the near-infrared, the telescope seeing, and the fraction of useful time at the observatory. For this study we have collected a large data set comprising 7311 near-infrared images taken regularly along the last four years for the ALHAMBRA survey (, , and bands), together with a more reduced data set of additional near-infrared images taken for the current study. In addition, we collected the information derived by the meteorological station at the observatory during the last 10 yar, together with the results from the cloud sensor for the last . We analyze the dependency of the near-infrared night-sky brightness with the air mass and the seasons, studying its origins and proposing a zenithal correction. A strong correlation is found between the night-sky brightness in the band and the air temperature, with a gradient of per 1°C. The typical (darkest) night-sky brightness in the , , and -band are 15.95 mag (16.95 mag), 13.99 mag (14.98 mag), and 12.39 mag (13.55 mag), respectively. These values have been derived for the first time for this observatory, showing that Calar Alto is as dark in the near-infrared as most of the other astronomical sites in the world with which we could compare it. Only Mauna Kea is clearly darker in the band, but not only compared to Calar Alto but to any other observatory in the world. The typical telescope seeing and its distribution were derived on the basis of the FWHM of the stars detected in the considered near-infrared images. This value, when converted to the band, is only slightly larger than the atmospheric seeing measured at the same time by the seeing monitor, . Therefore, the effects different from the atmosphere produce a reduced degradation on the telescope seeing, of the order of . Finally we estimate the fraction of useful time based on the relative humidity, gust wind speed, and presence of clouds. This fraction, , is very similar to the one derived in 2007, based on the fraction of time when the extinction monitor is working.

  5. CALIFA, the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey. II. First public data release

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Husemann, B.; Jahnke, K.; Sánchez, S. F.; Barrado, D.; Bekerait*error*?, S.; Bomans, D. J.; Castillo-Morales, A.; Catalán-Torrecilla, C.; Cid Fernandes, R.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; García-Benito, R.; González Delgado, R. M.; Iglesias-Páramo, J.; Johnson, B. D.; Kupko, D.; López-Fernandez, R.; Lyubenova, M.; Marino, R. A.; Mast, D.; Miskolczi, A.; Monreal-Ibero, A.; Gil de Paz, A.; Pérez, E.; Pérez, I.; Rosales-Ortega, F. F.; Ruiz-Lara, T.; Schilling, U.; van de Ven, G.; Walcher, J.; Alves, J.; de Amorim, A. L.; Backsmann, N.; Barrera-Ballesteros, J. K.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Cortijo, C.; Dettmar, R.-J.; Demleitner, M.; Díaz, A. I.; Enke, H.; Florido, E.; Flores, H.; Galbany, L.; Gallazzi, A.; García-Lorenzo, B.; Gomes, J. M.; Gruel, N.; Haines, T.; Holmes, L.; Jungwiert, B.; Kalinova, V.; Kehrig, C.; Kennicutt, R. C.; Klar, J.; Lehnert, M. D.; López-Sánchez, Á. R.; de Lorenzo-Cáceres, A.; Mármol-Queraltó, E.; Márquez, I.; Mendez-Abreu, J.; Mollá, M.; del Olmo, A.; Meidt, S. E.; Papaderos, P.; Puschnig, J.; Quirrenbach, A.; Roth, M. M.; Sánchez-Blázquez, P.; Spekkens, K.; Singh, R.; Stanishev, V.; Trager, S. C.; Vilchez, J. M.; Wild, V.; Wisotzki, L.; Zibetti, S.; Ziegler, B.

    2013-01-01

    We present the first public data release (DR1) of the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) survey. It consists of science-grade optical datacubes for the first 100 of eventually 600 nearby (0.005 < z < 0.03) galaxies, obtained with the integral-field spectrograph PMAS/PPak mounted on the 3.5 m telescope at the Calar Alto observatory. The galaxies in DR1 already cover a wide range of properties in color-magnitude space, morphological type, stellar mass, and gas ionization conditions. This offers the potential to tackle a variety of open questions in galaxy evolution using spatially resolved spectroscopy. Two different spectral setups are available for each galaxy, (i) a low-resolution V500 setup covering the nominal wavelength range 3745-7500 Å with a spectral resolution of 6.0 Å (FWHM), and (ii) a medium-resolution V1200 setup covering the nominal wavelength range 3650-4840 Å with a spectral resolution of 2.3 Å (FWHM). We present the characteristics and data structure of the CALIFA datasets that should be taken into account for scientific exploitation of the data, in particular the effects of vignetting, bad pixels and spatially correlated noise. The data quality test for all 100 galaxies showed that we reach a median limiting continuum sensitivity of 1.0 × 10-18 erg s-1 cm-2 Å-1 arcsec-2 at 5635 Å and 2.2 × 10-18 erg s-1 cm-2 Å-1 arcsec-2 at 4500 Å for the V500 and V1200 setup respectively, which corresponds to limiting r and g band surface brightnesses of 23.6 mag arcsec-2 and 23.4 mag arcsec-2, or an unresolved emission-line flux detection limit of roughly 1 × 10-17 erg s-1 cm-2 arcsec-2 and 0.6 × 10-17 erg s-1 cm-2 arcsec-2, respectively. The median spatial resolution is 3farcs7, and the absolute spectrophotometric calibration is better than 15% (1?). We also describe the available interfaces and tools that allow easy access to this first publicCALIFA data at http://califa.caha.es/DR1 Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max- Planck-Institut für Astronomie (MPIA) and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).

  6. Nutrient content of earthworms consumed by Ye'Kuana Amerindians of the Alto Orinoco of Venezuela.

    PubMed Central

    Paoletti, M G; Buscardo, E; VanderJagt, D J; Pastuszyn, A; Pizzoferrato, L; Huang, Y-S; Chuang, L-T; Millson, M; Cerda, H; Torres, F; Glew, R H

    2003-01-01

    For the Makiritare (Ye'Kuana) native people of the Alto Orinoco (Venezuela), earthworms (Anellida: Glossoscolecidae) are an important component of the diet. Two species in particular are widely consumed: 'kuru' (Andiorrhinus kuru n. sp.) and 'motto' (Andiorrhinus motto). We analysed eviscerated kuru body proper, and whole and smoked preparations of motto for their content of protein and amino acids, fatty acids and 20 minerals and trace elements. The samples contained large amounts of protein (64.5-72.9% of dry weight), essential amino acids, calcium and iron together with notable quantities of other important elements, indicating that these earthworms contain potentially useful quantities of many nutrients that are critical to the health of the humans who consume them. PMID:12614573

  7. Streamflow forecast in the Alto do Rio Doce watershed in Brazil, using hydrological and atmospheric model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silva, J. M.; Saad, S. I.; Palma, G.; Rocha, H.; Palmeira, R. M.; Silva, B. L.; Pessoa, A. A.; Ramos, C. G.; Cecchini, M. A.

    2013-05-01

    Electrical energy in Brazil depends essentially on the streamflow, as hydropowers accounts for up to 79% of the total electrical energy installed capacity. Therefore, streamflow forecasts are very important tools to assist in the planning and operation of Brazilian hydroelectric reservoirs. This study evaluated the performance of a distributed hydrological model, Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) daily streamflow forecasts into four Reservoirs sited in the Alto do Rio Doce Watershed, in Southeast of Brazil. SWAT model was used with precipitation forecast from the regional meteorological model MM5. The calibration and validation processes of SWAT were accomplished using data from four monitoring stations. The model has been run for the 2010-2012 period, and while the apr/2010-set/2011 period has been used for calibration conducted manually, the validation reached the rest of the period. The manual calibration was conducted by the means of sensibility tests of parameters that control surface runoff and groundwater flow, specially the surlag and alpha_bf, respectively the surface runoff lag coefficient and the baseflow recession constant. The daily and monthly Nash-Sutcliffe, R2 and the mean relative error performance indicators were used to assess the relative performance of the model. Results showed that streamflow forecast was very similar toobservations, except in reservoirs with lower drainage areas, where the model did not simulated the beginning of the flood (Dec-Feb). The streamflow forecasts was strongly dependent on the quality of precipitation forecasts used. Given that no correction in the simulated rainfall by the MM5 model in the Alto do Rio Doce watershed has been conducted and no automated calibration method was applied to the parameters of the hydrologic model, we can conclude that the application of the SWAT hydrologic model employing the output data from the MM5 atmospheric model for the streamflow forecast was shown to be a tool of great potential for real-time operation of reservoirs.

  8. Source characteristics of 2000 small earthquakes nucleating on the Alto Tiberina fault system (central Italy).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Munafo, I.; Malagnini, L.; Tinti, E.; Chiaraluce, L.; Di Stefano, R.; Valoroso, L.

    2014-12-01

    The Alto Tiberina Fault (ATF) is a 60 km long east-dipping low-angle normal fault, located in a sector of the Northern Apennines (Italy) undergoing active extension since the Quaternary. The ATF has been imaged by analyzing the active source seismic reflection profiles, and the instrumentally recorded persistent background seismicity. The present study is an attempt to separate the contributions of source, site, and crustal attenuation, in order to focus on the mechanics of the seismic sources on the ATF, as well on the synthetic and the antithetic structures within the ATF hanging-wall (i.e. Colfiorito fault, Gubbio fault and Umbria Valley fault). In order to compute source spectra, we perform a set of regressions over the seismograms of 2000 small earthquakes (-0.8 < ML< 4) recorded between 2010 and 2014 at 50 permanent seismic stations deployed in the framework of the Alto Tiberina Near Fault Observatory project (TABOO) and equipped with three-components seismometers, three of which located in shallow boreholes. Because we deal with some very small earthquakes, we maximize the signal to noise ratio (SNR) with a technique based on the analysis of peak values of bandpass-filtered time histories, in addition to the same processing performed on Fourier amplitudes. We rely on a tool called Random Vibration Theory (RVT) to completely switch from peak values in the time domain to Fourier spectral amplitudes. Low-frequency spectral plateau of the source terms are used to compute moment magnitudes (Mw) of all the events, whereas a source spectral ratio technique is used to estimate the corner frequencies (Brune spectral model) of a subset of events chosen over the analysis of the noise affecting the spectral ratios. So far, the described approach provides high accuracy over the spectral parameters of earthquakes of localized seismicity, and may be used to gain insights into the underlying mechanics of faulting and the earthquake processes.

  9. a Comparative Study of Alto Saxophone Reeds Through Spectral and Subjective Analyses.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Henderson, Caroline Blythe

    The purpose of this study was to analyze six brands of cane reeds and five brands of synthetic reeds to determine the differences in tone quality produced by each. Spectral analysis was used to determine the individual reed which conformed most closely to the average profile of each brand. A panel of seven saxophone performers then presented their opinions of the each reed's tone quality upon hearing a live performance of an excerpt from Eugene Bozza's Aria for alto saxophone and piano performed on the reeds most representative of each brand. The evaluation form used by the judges included ten sets of bipolar adjectives: good-bad, harmonious-dissonant, clean-dirty, light-dark, pleasurable-painful, beautiful-ugly, strong-weak, complex -simple, masculine-feminine, and interesting-boring. The results indicated that the primary factors influencing the tone quality of a given reed were the strength of the overtones present regardless of their order and the dominance of either the fundamental or the first overtone. Although professional musicians normally hand-select their reeds for performance, this research based on both spectral and subjective analyses provides clear evidence for both musicians and music educators to refine and improve their reed selection process.

  10. Chemical and mineralogical characterization of elbaites from the Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó province, NE Brazil.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Ana C M; Ferreira, Valderez P; Soares, Dwight R; Vilarroel-Leo, Hugo S

    2005-12-01

    The Alto Quixaba pegmatite, Seridó region, northeastern Brazil, is a 60 degrees/80 degrees SW-trending subvertical dike discordantly intruded into biotite schists of the Upper Neoproterozoic Seridó Formation. It has three distinct mineralogical and textural zones, besides a replacement body that cuts the pegmatite at its central portion and in which occur, among other gem minerals, colored elbaites. Elbaites usually occur as prismatic crystals, elongate according to the c-axis, with rounded faces and striations parallel to this axis. Optically, crystals are uniaxial negative with strong pleochroism; refractive index extraordinary axis = 1.619-1.622 and ordinary axis = 1.639-1.643, birefringence between 0.019 and 0.021, average relative density of 3.07, and the following unit cell parameters: ao = 15.845 A, co = 7.085 A and V = 1540.476 A. There is alkali deficiency in the X site of 12-17%. The elbaites are relatively enriched in MnO (1.69 to 2.87%) and ZnO (up to 2.98%). PMID:16341446

  11. Curie surface of the alkaline provinces of Goiás (GAP) and Alto Paranaíba (APAP), central Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moraes Rocha, Loiane Gomes de; Pires, Augusto César Bittencourt; Carmelo, Adriana Chatack; Oksum, Erdinc

    2015-05-01

    The study area includes the most important carbonatite and kimberlite complexes in Brazil, located in the Brazilian states of Goiás and Minas Gerais. The central portion of this area involves the Azimuth 125° lineament (Az 125°) that consists of an extensive set of faults (oriented in the NW-SE direction) that served as a conduit for magma ascent. This lineament is the main structural feature associated with these complexes. The Goiás (GAP) and Alto Paranaíba (APAP) Alkaline Provinces occur along the Az 125° and include highly economically valuable mineralizations. In this study, we aim to map the depth to the curie isotherm (or Curie Point Depths: CPD) of the study area (mainly the Gap and APAP regions) based on spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data. The CPD estimations were achieved from a spectral approach known as the centroid method, providing the relationship between the spectra of magnetic anomalies and the depths of the magnetic source of a 2-D magnetic data. The CPD estimates from approximately 500 overlapping blocks vary from 7 km to 40 km deep. The shallower depths are related to the GAP and APAP regions, and the deeper ones are related to the São Franciscana Plate. The Curie depths related to the Az 125° are between 30 km and 15.7 km deep. According to the results, the GAP and APAP intrusive bodies have shallower roots the major faults of the Az 125°.

  12. The Early Triassic magmatism of the Alto Paraguay Province, Central South America: Paleomagnetic and ASM data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ernesto, Marcia; Comin-Chiaramonti, Piero; Gomes, Celso de Barros

    2015-10-01

    A paleomagnetic studystudywork was carried out on the Alto Paraguay Province (APP), a belt of alkaline complexes that parallel the Paraguay river for more than 40 km at the border of Brazil and Paraguay. The province is well dated by 40Ar/39Ar method giving ages in the range 240-250 Ma with a preferred age of 241 Ma. Intrusive rocks are predominant but the stocks may be topped by lava flows and ignimbrites. Paleomagnetic work on stocks, dikes and flows of the APP identified normal and reversed magnetic components which are carried mainly by titanomagnetites. The calculated paleomagnetic pole located at 319ºE 78ºS (?95 = 6º; k = 23) is in agreement with other South American poles of Permo-Triassic age. Most of the sampling sites showed large variations in rock magnetization, but similar patterns in the variation of the within-site magnetizations, mainly in dikes, suggest geomagnetic polarity transition records. The magnetization data along with the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility determinations suggested that the South and North areas of the province have different evolution characteristics.

  13. CALIFA, the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey. I. Survey presentation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sánchez, S. F.; Kennicutt, R. C.; Gil de Paz, A.; van de Ven, G.; Vílchez, J. M.; Wisotzki, L.; Walcher, C. J.; Mast, D.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Albiol-Pérez, S.; Alonso-Herrero, A.; Alves, J.; Bakos, J.; Bartáková, T.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Boselli, A.; Bomans, D. J.; Castillo-Morales, A.; Cortijo-Ferrero, C.; de Lorenzo-Cáceres, A.; Del Olmo, A.; Dettmar, R.-J.; Díaz, A.; Ellis, S.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Flores, H.; Gallazzi, A.; García-Lorenzo, B.; González Delgado, R.; Gruel, N.; Haines, T.; Hao, C.; Husemann, B.; Iglésias-Páramo, J.; Jahnke, K.; Johnson, B.; Jungwiert, B.; Kalinova, V.; Kehrig, C.; Kupko, D.; López-Sánchez, Á. R.; Lyubenova, M.; Marino, R. A.; Mármol-Queraltó, E.; Márquez, I.; Masegosa, J.; Meidt, S.; Mendez-Abreu, J.; Monreal-Ibero, A.; Montijo, C.; Mourão, A. M.; Palacios-Navarro, G.; Papaderos, P.; Pasquali, A.; Peletier, R.; Pérez, E.; Pérez, I.; Quirrenbach, A.; Relaño, M.; Rosales-Ortega, F. F.; Roth, M. M.; Ruiz-Lara, T.; Sánchez-Blázquez, P.; Sengupta, C.; Singh, R.; Stanishev, V.; Trager, S. C.; Vazdekis, A.; Viironen, K.; Wild, V.; Zibetti, S.; Ziegler, B.

    2012-02-01

    The final product of galaxy evolution through cosmic time is the population of galaxies in the local universe. These galaxies are also those that can be studied in most detail, thus providing a stringent benchmark for our understanding of galaxy evolution. Through the huge success of spectroscopic single-fiber, statistical surveys of the Local Universe in the last decade, it has become clear, however, that an authoritative observational description of galaxies will involve measuring their spatially resolved properties over their full optical extent for a statistically significant sample. We present here the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) survey, which has been designed to provide a first step in this direction. We summarize the survey goals and design, including sample selection and observational strategy. We also showcase the data taken during the first observing runs (June/July 2010) and outline the reduction pipeline, quality control schemes and general characteristics of the reduced data. This survey is obtaining spatially resolved spectroscopic information of a diameter selected sample of ~600 galaxies in the Local Universe (0.005 < z < 0.03). CALIFA has been designed to allow the building of two-dimensional maps of the following quantities: (a) stellar populations: ages and metallicities; (b) ionized gas: distribution, excitation mechanism and chemical abundances; and (c) kinematic properties: both from stellar and ionized gas components. CALIFA uses the PPAK integral field unit (IFU), with a hexagonal field-of-view of ~1.3?', with a 100% covering factor by adopting a three-pointing dithering scheme. The optical wavelength range is covered from 3700 to 7000 Å, using two overlapping setups (V500 and V1200), with different resolutions: R ~ 850 and R ~ 1650, respectively. CALIFA is a legacy survey, intended for the community. The reduced data will be released, once the quality has been guaranteed. The analyzed data fulfillthe expectations of the original observing proposal, on the basis of a set of quality checks and exploratory analysis: (i) the final datacubes reach a 3? limiting surface brightness depth of ~23.0 mag/arcsec2 for the V500 grating data (~22.8 mag/arcsec2 for V1200); (ii) about ~70% of the covered field-of-view is above this 3? limit; (iii) the data have a blue-to-red relative flux calibration within a few percent in most of the wavelength range; (iv) the absolute flux calibration is accurate within ~8%with respect to SDSS; (v) the measured spectral resolution is ~85 km s-1 for V1200 (~150 km s-1 for V500); (vi) the estimated accuracy of the wavelength calibration is ~5 km s-1 for the V1200 data (~10 km s-1 for the V500 data); (vii) the aperture matched CALIFA and SDSS spectra are qualitatively and quantitatively similar. Finally, we show that we are able to carry out all measurements indicated above, recovering the properties of the stellar populations, the ionized gas andthe kinematics of both components. The associated maps illustrate the spatial variation of these parameters across the field, reemphasizing the redshift dependence of single aperture spectroscopic measurements. We conclude from this first look at the data that CALIFA will be an important resource for archaeological studies of galaxies in the Local Universe. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).

  14. Guanaco traces and hunting strategies at Alto Patache North Chilean fog oasis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Larrain, H.; Cereceda, P.; Pérez, L.

    2010-07-01

    1. In foregoing Fog Conferences, some of us have made explicit the rich botanic and faunistic inventory to be found at this Chilean Fog site. This was specially apparent under strong ENSO conditions, as it happened in 1997/98 in the area. Among the mammal biggest species represented, the guanaco (Lama guanicoe Müller) merits special mention. Clear traces of their presence and eventual hunting and slaughtering by primitive populations have survived until present times. Among them, the myriads of guanaco trails still covering practically all the slopes along the foggy area, close to the sea, and their wollowing and defecating places are found. Also, although less studied, plant eating traces left behind by roaming camelids can be seen. 2. Guanaco hunting traces still visible at Alto Patache can be portrayed differently through : A) Analysis of lithic artifacts used as arms in hunting operations; B) Botanic response to animal attack; C) Examination of topographic traits used by primitive man in guanaco hunting strategies. A. Hundreds of lithic instruments made of stone, were abandoned by hunters in situ, some of them were intact, some fragmented, which would demonstrate a direct relationship with hunting and slaughtering, and also their elaboration in workshops at place. Lithic points, scrapers and knives were found at places specially apt for hunting or slaughtering activities. Total isolation of the mountain fog site previous to our arrival in 1996, favoured their conservation at place. B. Careful observation of some local plants showed clear traces of guanaco feeding habits. As a proof thereof, old cactus of the species Eulychnia iquiquensis show in their basal portions clear signals in the forms of scars, caused by the eating by guanacos. Guanaco faeces were found at the foot of Ephedra plants. Many dead Stipa ichu plants (Gramineae), in different areas of the oasis provide evidence of cutting close to their basis, caused by sharp guanaco tooth under severe food scarcity. C. Special lookouts located at high places offering clear visibility were used by hunters. Some were built up, some others consisted of natural stone arrangements. The same can be said for the wollowing places, located in plains with loose or sandy soils. Pictures showing different artifacts, plants or topographic traits used, will be presented here as evidence of guanaco hunting activity at place.

  15. Low-Cost Sensor Network for Stream Flow Monitoring in the Alto Beni Region of Bolivia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rowe, M. D.; Fry, L. M.; Mihelcic, J. R.

    2009-12-01

    Lack of data is a persistent problem in hydrology and other field work in developing countries. Low cost monitoring devices allow investigators to maximize spatial coverage on a limited budget, as well as to minimize the financial risk of loss of instruments placed in vulnerable locations. This work contributes to an ongoing project to evaluate the sustainability of discharge from springs supplying gravity-fed potable water systems in the Alto Beni region of Bolivia where land use is rapidly changing from forest to agriculture. The approach is to estimate ground water recharge as a function of land use variables using a water balance model in several representative watersheds. Monthly stream discharge is currently estimated using monthly manual measurements of water level by a local technician. Continuous water level measurements will allow an improved estimate of the cumulative discharge, and generate data on statistical distribution of daily flow that may be useful to estimate discharge in similar, ungaged watersheds. Continuous water level measurements, along with available precipitation data, will allow analysis and comparison of the response of watersheds to individual precipitation events as a function of land use variables. We assembled a low cost level logging system for stream flow monitoring that measures and records distance up to 6 m to the nearest 25 mm every ten minutes, and runs for a month on six rechargeable AA batteries. The system consists of a sonic range finder sensor (MaxSonar-EZ2, Maxbotix Inc., Baxter, MN, 30), a temperature sensor (MCP9701, Microchip Technology Inc., Chandler, AZ, 0.25), and a datalogger (Hobo U12, Onset Computer Corp., Pocasset, MA, 104) along with a weather-resistant enclosure and common items for a total cost of 230 per unit. The level loggers were attached to bridges over three subject streams. A local technician visits the sites monthly to download data, replace the rechargeable batteries, and take a manual water level measurement. Simultaneous recording of temperature is necessary to correct the distance measurement for the temperature dependence of the speed of sound in air. We report the data processing, temperature correction procedure, and performance of the system relative to manual measurements and discuss suitability of the system for hydrological applications in other settings.

  16. Alto Patache fog oasis in the Atacama Desert: Geographical basis for a sustainable development program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calderón, M.; Cereceda, P.; Larrain, H.; Osses, P.; Pérez, L.; Ibáñez, M.

    2010-07-01

    Alto Patache coastal fog oasis is a protected area located south of Iquique, Northern Chile, being presently in charge of the Atacama Desert Center (ADC) research group of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, since 1997. On 2007, the Chilean Government bestowed a piece of land stretch covering 1,114 hectares to ADC scientific group for scientific research, ecosystem protection and environmental education. This oasis has been recently studied from different points of view: climate, biogeography, fog collection, geomorphology, soil survey and land use planning, plant distribution, conservation and archaeology. During 2009, a study of the geographical basis to elaborate a general management plan was undertaken to collect information to fulfill our planned out objectives. Through this study, georreferenciated strategic information was compiled to evaluate future actions conducting to a sustainable development within the protected area. This information was translated into thematic maps showing the spatial distribution of variables like: climate, geology, geomorphology, soils, vegetation, fauna, archaeological sites and management zones. The methodology used is the analysis of satellite imagery, using GPS by creating a cartographic Data Base incorporated in GIS. Results show that the area starts at the littoral plain, ranging from 500 m to 2.000 m, being continued in parts by a piedmont intercepted by a very abrupt mega-cliff, or hectares of climbing sand dunes leading to a short high plateau limited by a soft hilly area to the East. Two soil types are characteristic: Entisols (Torriorthent) covering the coastal beach sediments, and Aridisols along the cliff and adjacent hills. Vegetation consists not only of a very rich lichen cover, but also of endangered vascular species associations constituting a very fragile sub-tropical coastal desert community, such as Eulychnia, Cumulopuntia, Eriosyce cacti, and Lycium - Nolana- Ephedra communities. Fog oasis stretches from 500/600 m. to 900 m high. Biogeogeographical contrasts between the foggy section, the areas located below the stratocumulus cloud influence (fog), and the higher hills, show interesting results for the understanding of the area complexity. Future human activities at place should be restricted to scientific studies, environmental education and specialized tourism. Some zones, like lichen prairies, should be totally closed for visitors. Protected area management program should be mainly focused in biome conservation and natural resources restauration.

  17. 4D modelling of the Alto Tiberina Fault system (Northern Apennines, Italy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Donatis, Mauro; Susini, Sara; Mirabella, Francesco; Lupattelli, Andrea; Barchi, Massimiliano

    2014-05-01

    The Alto Tiberina Fault (ATF) in the Northern Apennines of Italy is a low-angle normal fault dipping to the East and accommodating up to 10 km of extension. The fault is ~70 km long and is the detachment for the SW-dipping Gubbio normal fault. The ATF fault system has been dramatically exhumed and the ATF footwall has evolved in a horst bounded to the east by ATF synthetic faults and to the west by the Corciano west-dipping normal fault. The fault has been widely studied over the last years in order to understand its mechanical behaviour, its present-day deformation rate and its seismological role. By using a wide data-set including subsurface data (seismic reflection profiles and boreholes) and surface geological data (new maps of the CARG project of Italy), we have reconstructed the 3D geometry of both the fault and of the main lithostratigraphic boundaries at the fault hanging-wall and foot-wall. The CARG map data were integrated by local observations and mapping using mobile GIS software (BeeGIS) and Android app (Geopaparazzi). Surface data were combined with seismic reflection profiles and wells interpretation and other data from available literature. The large amount of information were combined in MOVE software (Midland Valley Exploration ltd). Our reconstruction allows to i) build up a three-dimensional geological model of the subsurface including the main faults and lithostratigraphic boundaries; ii) identify a set of east-west trending faults the role of which was previously underestimated; iii) test a 3D-restoration of extension for the visualization of the time evolution and for the validation of the structural reconstruction. The restored structures are the main normal faults in the region. The sequential restoration was performed by taking into account the timing of deformation as derived from the literature. The model was sequentially restored according to the following chronological order from the latest to the oldest: 1a) last deformational event along Gubbio Normal Fault on ATF coeval with 1b) latest event along Corciano fault and 2) ATF detachment fault activity. The resulting maximum values of displacements has been calculated as: 1a) about 2300m with a throw of about 1600m (measured in the 3D model on the top of Carbonates surfaces cut off); 1b) about 1900m for the slip and 2900m for the throw (measured along this fault both on the top of Carbonates as on acoustic Basement cut off); 2) 8 km of maximum extension measured between Umbertide e Citta' di Castello and progressively decreases toward NW and SW.

  18. Biodiversity of Archaea and floral of two inland saltern ecosystems in the Alto Vinalopó Valley, Spain

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The extraction of salt from seawater by means of coastal solar salterns is a very well-described process. Moreover, the characterization of these environments from ecological, biochemical and microbiological perspectives has become a key focus for many research groups all over the world over the last 20 years. In countries such as Spain, there are several examples of coastal solar salterns (mainly on the Mediterranean coast) and inland solar salterns, from which sodium chloride is obtained for human consumption. However, studies focused on the characterization of inland solar salterns are scarce and both the archaeal diversity and the plant communities inhabiting these environments remain poorly described. Results Two of the inland solar salterns (termed Redonda and Penalva), located in the Alto Vinalopó Valley (Alicante, Spain), were characterized regarding their geological and physico-chemical characteristics and their archaeal and botanical biodiversity. A preliminary eukaryotic diversity survey was also performed using saline water. The chemical characterization of the brine has revealed that the salted groundwater extracted to fill these inland solar salterns is thalassohaline. The plant communities living in this environment are dominated by Sarcocornia fruticosa (L.) A.J. Scott, Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (Moris) K. Koch, Suaeda vera Forsk. ex Gmelin (Amaranthaceae) and several species of Limonium (Mill) and Tamarix (L). Archaeal diversity was analyzed and compared by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based molecular phylogenetic techniques. Most of the sequences recovered from environmental DNA samples are affiliated with haloarchaeal genera such as Haloarcula, Halorubrum, Haloquadratum and Halobacterium, and with an unclassified member of the Halobacteriaceae. The eukaryote Dunaliella was also present in the samples. Conclusions To our knowledge, this study constitutes the first analysis centered on inland solar salterns located in the southeastern region of Spain. The results obtained revealed that the salt deposits of this region have marine origins. Plant communities typical of salt marshes are present in this ecosystem and members of the Halobacteriaceae family can be easily detected in the microbial populations of these habitats. Possible origins of the haloarchaea detected in this study are discussed. PMID:20942947

  19. Crustal Structure and Moho Geometry around the Alto Tiberina Fault (Northern Apennines) from Receiver Functions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Licciardi, A.; Chiaraluce, L.; Piana Agostinetti, N.; Amato, A.

    2013-12-01

    The Alto Tiberina Fault (ATF) is an unique example of active low angle normal fault (dip ? 15°), detected in the Northern Apennines from the interpretation of passive and active seismic data. This NW-SE striking structure has been mapped for a about 50 km along dip and is thought to have accumulated a total of 2 km of displacement in the last 2 Ma. In the last years, a dense, high resolution seismic network has been deployed in the area surrounding the ATF, with the aim of better understanding the physical mechanisms of earthquakes nucleation of such geological feature and assessing the potentially associated seismic hazard. In this context, a good knowledge of the elastic properties of rocks at depth is the starting points for building accurate and consistent physical models of ATF's style of deformation. We carried out a teleseismic receiver functions (RF) study on the 42 broadband seismic stations, using about 800 events from teleseismic distances, recorded from January 2010 to December 2011. We selected an average of about 70 high S/N ratio RFs per station, achieving a good azimuthal coverage for most of the stations. We separated the isotropic and the anisotropic component of the RF data-set through the harmonic decomposition. For each station, we performed a Monte Carlo inversion (using a reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm) of the isotropic component of the RF data-set, obtaining 1-D Vs profiles from the surface to 60km depth. This kind of inversion does not suffer of the problems related to the choice of a particular starting model, and has the advantage of inferring the degree of complexity (i.e. the number of layers) of the resulting model, directly from the data themselves. Preliminary results show an increasing level of structural complexity moving from west to east across the target area. A clear and shallow (~25 km) Moho is observed from the velocity profiles in the westernmost part of the region. Along the easternmost part, crustal velocity structures in correspondence of the highest peaks of the mountain chain reflects the continental subduction of the Adriatic lower crust under the Northern Apennines. In the central part of the target area, the presence of multiple interfaces and a very-low Vs in the subcrustal mantle make the crust-mantle transition more difficult to recognize. The final results will help in constraining crustal structures and rocks properties in the ATF area, providing a new piece of information in the more general comprehension of the physical processes acting in this unique natural laboratory.

  20. Application of multi-sensor advanced DInSAR analysis to severe land subsidence recognition: Alto Guadalentín Basin (Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonì, R.; Herrera, G.; Meisina, C.; Notti, D.; Béjar-Pizarro, M.; Zucca, F.; González, P. J.; Palano, M.; Tomás, R.; Fernández, J.; Fernández-Merodo, J. A.; Mulas, J.; Aragón, R.; Guardiola-Albert, C.; Mora, O.

    2015-11-01

    Multi-sensor advanced DInSAR analyses have been performed and compared with two GPS station measurements, in order to evaluate the land subsidence evolution in a 20-year period, in the Alto Guadalentín Basin where the highest rate of man-induced subsidence (> 10 cm yr-1) of Europe had been detected. The control mechanisms have been examined comparing the advanced DInSAR data with conditioning and triggering factors (i.e. isobaths of Plio-Quaternary deposits, soft soil thickness and piezometric level).

  1. Liquefaction Hazard Maps for Three Earthquake Scenarios for the Communities of San Jose, Campbell, Cupertino, Los Altos, Los Gatos, Milpitas, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Santa Clara, Saratoga, and Sunnyvale, Northern Santa Clara County, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Holzer, Thomas L.; Noce, Thomas E.; Bennett, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    Maps showing the probability of surface manifestations of liquefaction in the northern Santa Clara Valley were prepared with liquefaction probability curves. The area includes the communities of San Jose, Campbell, Cupertino, Los Altos, Los Gatos Milpitas, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Santa Clara, Saratoga, and Sunnyvale. The probability curves were based on complementary cumulative frequency distributions of the liquefaction potential index (LPI) for surficial geologic units in the study area. LPI values were computed with extensive cone penetration test soundings. Maps were developed for three earthquake scenarios, an M7.8 on the San Andreas Fault comparable to the 1906 event, an M6.7 on the Hayward Fault comparable to the 1868 event, and an M6.9 on the Calaveras Fault. Ground motions were estimated with the Boore and Atkinson (2008) attenuation relation. Liquefaction is predicted for all three events in young Holocene levee deposits along the major creeks. Liquefaction probabilities are highest for the M7.8 earthquake, ranging from 0.33 to 0.37 if a 1.5-m deep water table is assumed, and 0.10 to 0.14 if a 5-m deep water table is assumed. Liquefaction probabilities of the other surficial geologic units are less than 0.05. Probabilities for the scenario earthquakes are generally consistent with observations during historical earthquakes.

  2. Seismic Activity Along a Low-Angle Normal Fault: The Case Study of the Alto Tiberina Fault (Northern Apennines, Italy).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valoroso, L.; Chiaraluce, L.; Di Stefano, R.

    2014-12-01

    Crustal faults are complex systems whose mechanical conditions and physical properties vary in space and time. The availability of long time series of high-resolution multidisciplinary data is a fundamental requirement to understand the multi-scale physical processes controlling faulting and earthquake generation processes. A crucial step for the seismological community is the availability of high-resolution catalogues of accurate earthquake locations describing the long-term brittle response of the fault activity. We report on the seismicity recorded in a sector of the Northern Apennines undergoing active extension and where a set of high-angle normal faults is detached by the Alto Tiberina low-angle normal fault (ATF). From 2010, this area hosts a research infrastructure (the Alto Tiberina Near Fault Observatory, TABOO), consisting of a dense array of multi-sensor stations, devoted to studying the earthquakes preparatory phase and the fast and slow deformation processes along the ATF fault system. We show the location of about 30k low-magnitude earthquakes recorded during the past 4 years (2010-2014) showing a completeness magnitude of the catalogue of ML0.5. Data have been analyzed by combining an automatic picking procedure for P and S waves, together with cross-correlation and double-difference location methods. The seismicity pattern shows an almost constant and high rate of seismic release along the ATF plane (r = 24.30e-04 eqks/day*km2) with clusters of similar events identified all along the fault plane. On the contrary a long series of low magnitude seismic sequences (Mmax 4.0) activated minor synthetic and antithetic normal faults segments (4-5 km long) located in the main fault hanging-wall. The geometry of the fault segments described by the seismicity distribution is cinematically consistent with the focal mechanisms solutions.

  3. Diabetes mellitus. Una enfermedad crnica asociada con niveles anormalmente altos del azcar de la glucosa en sangre. La causa de esta anormalidad es el hecho de

    E-print Network

    Fitze, Patrick

    Diabetes mellitus. Una enfermedad crónica asociada con niveles anormalmente altos del azúcar de la glucosa que se necesita absorber con la ayuda de la hormona insulina. La diabetes se debe a uno de estos acción de la insulina. Diabetes no insulinodependiente. Véase la entrada «Diabetes tipo 2». Diabetes tipo

  4. A Review. The Use of the Alto, Bass and Contrabass Clarinets in Selected Wind Band Compositions Written Between 1951 and 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heim, Norman M.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews a dissertation which examined the scoring practices for alto, bass, and contrabass clarinets in selected compositions written between 1951-1972. The study identified new practices for scoring low clarinets in wind band compositions. The study is recommended to readers seeking a good understanding of the use of clarinets in these…

  5. Eclipsing binaries and fast rotators in the Kepler sample. Characterization via radial velocity analysis from Calar Alto

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lillo-Box, J.; Barrado, D.; Mancini, L.; Henning, Th.; Figueira, P.; Ciceri, S.; Santos, N.

    2015-04-01

    Context. The Kepler mission has searched for planetary transits in more than two hundred thousand stars by obtaining very accurate photometric data over a long period of time. Among the thousands of detected candidates, the planetary nature of around 15% has been established or validated by different techniques. But additional data are needed to characterize the rest of the candidates and reject other possible configurations. Aims: We started a follow-up program to validate, confirm, and characterize some of the planet candidates. In this paper we present the radial velocity analysis of those that present large variations, which are compatible with being eclipsing binaries. We also study those showing high rotational velocities, which prevents us from reaching the necessary precision to detect planetary-like objects. Methods: We present new radial velocity results for 13 Kepler objects of interest (KOIs) obtained with the CAFE spectrograph at the Calar Alto Observatory and analyze their high-spatial resolution (lucky) images obtained with AstraLux and the Kepler light curves of some interesting cases. Results: We have found five spectroscopic and eclipsing binaries (group A). Among them, the case of KOI-3853 is of particular interest. This system is a new example of the so-called heartbeat stars, showing dynamic tidal distortions in the Kepler light curve. We have also detected duration and depth variations of the eclipse. We suggest possible scenarios to explain such an effect, including the presence of a third substellar body possibly detected in our radial velocity analysis. We also provide upper mass limits to the transiting companions of six other KOIs with high rotational velocities (group B). This property prevents the radial velocity method from achieving the necessary precision to detect planetary-like masses. Finally, we analyze the large radial velocity variations of two other KOIs, which are incompatible with the presence of planetary-mass objects (group C).These objects are likely to be stellar binaries. However, a longer timespan is needed to complete their characterization. Based on observations collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, jointly operated by the Max-Planck Institut fur Astronomie (Heidelberg) and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC, Granada).Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  6. [The differentiated care model in the Special Indigenous Health Districts: reflections based on Alto Rio Negro in Amazonia State, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Pontes, Ana Lucia de Moura; Rego, Sergio; Garnelo, Luiza

    2015-10-01

    The implementation of the National Policy for Healthcare of Indigenous Peoples (Pnaspi) in the Alto Rio Negro Amazon region was analyzed based on the principles of the differentiated care model. This theme was investigated from three perspectives, namely the formulation of the guidelines, the therapeutic itineraries in indigenous villages, and the work routines of the Indigenous Community Health Agents (AIS). It involved qualitative research based on the anthropological perspective of Eduardo Menéndez. The techniques used were participant observation, interviews, and, document analysis. The formulation of the guidelines of differentiated care emphasizes the adaptation of technologies and professionals, minimizing the coexistence and disputes among healthcare models. Menéndez's perspective focused on the viewpoint of the subjects was crucial for identifying the coexistence and articulation among different forms of care in the villages through the healthcare itineraries. Nevertheless, it was not possible to identify the inclusion of indigenous health practices and representations through the work routines of the Indigenous Community Health Agents (AIS). The focus was on self-care developed and practiced by the subjects and their families. PMID:26465861

  7. Pasture evapotranspiration as indicators of degradation in the Brazilian Savanna: a case study for Alto Tocantins watershed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andrade, Ricardo G.; de C. Teixeira, Antônio H.; Sano, Edson E.; Leivas, Janice F.; Victoria, Daniel C.; Nogueira, Sandra F.

    2014-10-01

    The Alto Tocantins watershed, located in the Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado biome), is under an intense land use and occupation process, causing increased pressure on natural resources. Pasture areas in the region are highly relevant to the rational use of natural resources in order to achieve economic and environmental sustainability. In this context, remote sensing techniques have been essential for obtaining information relevant to the assessment of vegetation conditions on a large scale. This study aimed to apply this tool in conjunction with field measurements to evaluate evapotranspiration (ET) against pasture degradation indicators. The SAFER algorithm was applied to estimate ET using MODIS images and weather station data from year 2012. Results showed that ET was lower in degraded pastures. It is noteworthy that during low rainfall period, ET values were 22.2% lower in relation to non-degraded pastures. This difference in ET indicates changes in the partition of the energy balance and may impact the microclimate. These results may contribute to public policies that aim to reduce the loss of the productive potential of pastures.

  8. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants commercialized in the markets of La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia.

    PubMed

    Macía, Manuel J; García, Emilia; Vidaurre, Prem Jai

    2005-02-28

    An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants marketed in La Paz and El Alto cities in the Bolivian Andes, reported medicinal information for about 129 species, belonging to 55 vascular plant families and one uncertain lichen family. The most important family was Asteraceae with 22 species, followed by Fabaceae s.l. with 11, and Solanaceae with eight. More than 90 general medicinal indications were recorded to treat a wide range of illnesses and ailments. The highest number of species and applications were reported for digestive system disorders (stomach ailments and liver problems), musculoskeletal body system (rheumatism and the complex of contusions, luxations, sprains, and swellings), kidney and other urological problems, and gynecological disorders. Some medicinal species had magic connotations, e.g. for cleaning and protection against ailments, to bring good luck, or for Andean offerings to Pachamama, 'Mother Nature'. In some indications, the separation between medicinal and magic plants was very narrow. Most remedies were prepared from a single species, however some applications were always prepared with a mixture of plants, e.g. for abortion, and the complex of luxations and swellings. The part of the plant most frequently used was the aerial part (29.3%) and the leaves (20.7%). The remedies were mainly prepared as a decoction (47.5%) and an infusion (28.6%). Most of species were native from Bolivia, but an important 36.4% of them were introduced from different origins. There exists a high informant consensus for species and their medicinal indications. The present urban phytotherapy represents a medicinal alternative to treat main health problems and remains closer to the cultural and social context of this society. PMID:15707774

  9. 1.65 ^mum (H-band) surface photometry of galaxies. IV. observations of 170 galaxies with the Calar Alto 2.2 m telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boselli, A.; Gavazzi, G.; Franzetti, P.; Pierini, D.; Scodeggio, M.

    2000-02-01

    We present near-infrared (H band) surface photometry of 170 galaxies, obtained in 1997 using the Calar Alto 2.2 m telescope equipped with the NICMOS3 camera MAGIC. The majority of our targets are selected among bright members of the Virgo cluster, however galaxies in the A262 and Cancer clusters and in the Coma/A1367 supercluster are also included. This data set is aimed at complementing the NIR survey in the Virgo cluster discussed in \\cite[Boselli et al. (1997)]{B97} and in the Coma Supercluster, presented in Papers I, II and III of this series. Magnitudes at the optical radius, total magnitudes, isophotal radii and light concentration indices are derived Tables 1 and 2 (full version) are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html. Based on observations taken at the Calar Alto Observatory, operated by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Heidelberg) jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy.

  10. Lack of identification of Flaviviruses in oral and cloacal swabs from long- and short-distance migratory birds in Trentino-Alto Adige (North-eastern Italy)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background West Nile virus (WNV) and Usutu virus (USUV), both belonging to the genus Flavivirus, are emerging in Italy as important human and animal pathogens. Migratory birds are involved in the spread of Flaviviruses over long distances, particularly from Africa to Europe. Once introduced, these viruses can be further be dispersed by short-distance migratory and resident bird species. Thus far, there is still a considerable knowledge gap on the role played by different bird species in the ecology and transmission mechanisms of these viruses. The Region of Trentino-Alto Adige (north-eastern Italy) is located on the migratory route of many of the short- and long-distance migratory birds that cross the Alps, connecting northern Europe and western Asia with southern Europe and Africa. Until now, only a silent circulation of WNV and USUV within the territory of the Province of Trento has been confirmed by serological screening, whilst no cases of infected humans or animals have so far been reported. However, continuous spillover events of both viruses have been reported in neighbouring Regions. The aim of this study was to monitor the circulation of WNV and USUV in Trentino-Alto Adige, in order to detect if active virus shedding occurs in migratory birds captured during their seasonal movements and to evaluate the role that different bird species could play in the spreading of these viruses. Methods We carried out a biomolecular survey on oral and cloacal swabs collected from migratory birds during seasonal migrations. Birds belonging to 18 transaharian and 21 intrapaleartic species were examined during spring (n?=?176) and autumn (n?=?146), and were tested using a generic nested-PCR. Results All samples tested negative for Flaviviruses. The possible causes of unapparent shedding, along with ecological and epidemiological implications are discussed. Conclusions The lack of detection of active virus shedding in these bird species does not exclude the circulation of these viruses within the Trentino-Alto Adige region, as reported in previous studies. The possible ecological implications are discussed. PMID:24119320

  11. Water and Energy Savings using Demand Hot Water Recirculating Systems in Residential Homes: A Case Study of Five Homes in Palo Alto, California

    SciTech Connect

    Ally, M.R.

    2002-11-14

    This report summarizes a preliminary study aimed at estimating the potential of saving potable water, (and the electrical energy used to heat it), that is presently lost directly to the drain while occupants wait for hot water to arrive at the faucet (point of use). Data were collected from five single-family homes in Palo Alto, California. Despite the small sample size in this study, the results make a compelling case for retrofitting homes with hot water recirculation systems to eliminate unnecessary wastage of water at the point of use. Technical as well as behavioral and attitudinal changes towards water conservation are necessary for a fulfilling and successful conservation effort. This report focuses on the technical issues, but behavioral issues are also noted, which may be factored into future studies involving local and state governments and utility companies.

  12. Infrared and visual lunar occultations measurements of stellar diameters and new binary stars detections at the Calar Alto 1.5m telescope

    E-print Network

    O. Fors; A. Richichi; J. Nunez; A. Prades

    2004-02-03

    We present a program of routine lunar occultations, at optical and near-IR wavelengths, recently started at the 1.5m Spanish telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory. Both a CCD and an infrared array detector are used. The program is aimed mainly at the detection and investigation of binary systems, although results in other areas of stellar research are also anticipated. Occultations are reported for a total of 40 stars. Among these, SAO 164567, SAO 78258 and AG+24 788 have been discovered to be binaries, with projected separations as small as 0.006". Furthermore, binarity is suspected in the case of SAO 78119 and SAO 79251. Additionally, the angular diameter of the late-type giant 30 Psc and of the infrared star V349 Gem have been accurately measured, this latter for the first time. We finally evaluate the instrumentation performance in terms of limiting magnitude and angular resolution, and discuss applications to larger telescopes.

  13. Early to Late Paleoproterozoic magmatism in NE Brazil: The Alto Moxotó Terrane and its tectonic implications for the Pre-West Gondwana assembly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santos, Lauro Cézar Montefalco de Lira; Dantas, Elton Luiz; Santos, Edilton José dos; Santos, Roberto Ventura; Lima, Haroldo Monteiro

    2015-03-01

    The Alto Moxotó Terrane is a Paleoproterozoic inlier within the Transversal Domain of the Neoproterozoic Borborema Province (NE Brazil). An isotopic and whole-rock geochemistry study has been performed in the Sucuru region (Paraiba State, NE Brazil) which revealed a long-lived evolution for this terrane. The first event is Siderian-aged, dated on 2.44 Ga, being represented by granitic to granodioritic banded orthogneisses and migmatites of the basement. They correspond to meta to peraluminous high-K calc-alkaline series, where geochemical patterns besides zircon features and Nd isotopic data indicate that they were formed in a convergent tectonic environment with reworking of an older Archean continental crust. This basement was intruded by different magmatic suites through two distinct tectono-magmatic events. The older one is Rhyacian-aged recorded by emplacement of the Carmo mafic-ultramafic suite and Pedra d'Água granitic suite, with ages varying from 2.15 to 2.0 Ga. The Carmo Suite shows compositions similar to tholeiitic and minor calc-alkaline series and geochemical patterns of a depleted source. These general chemical characteristics are compatible with an arc-related magmatism in early stages of subduction. The Pedra d'Água suite corresponds to middle to peraluminous high-K calc-alkaline magmatism which presents a typical magmatic arc geochemical signature. The negative ?Nd (t) values suggest a strong continental component for genesis of these magmas. The last tectonomagmatic episode occurred in the Statherian-Calymmian boundary and is represented by bimodal magmatic association of the Serra da Barra Suite, dated around 1.6 Ga. The dominant felsic rocks present an evolved composition and correspond to typical metaluminous sub-alkaline suite. The trace-element and REE patterns of both mafic and mainly felsic rocks suggest a within-plate setting. The attributed source is of crustal derivation, which is supported by the negative ?Nd (t) values. A mantle plume can be invoked for mechanism of generation of the Serra da Barra magmatism. This polycyclic Paleoproterozoic evolution observed at Alto Moxotó terrane is also well documented in orogenic terranes worldwide, mainly those related to Atlantica supercontinent amalgamation. On the other hand, Statherian-Calymmian extensional event is also coherent with worldwide descriptions and are commonly referred to early break-up stage of the large Paleoproterozoic land masses.

  14. Mathiasite-loveringite and priderite in mantle xenoliths from the Alto Paranaíba Igneous Province, Brazil: genesis and constraints on mantle metasomatism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almeida, Vidyã; Janasi, Valdecir; Svisero, Darcy; Nannini, Felix

    2014-12-01

    Alkali-bearing Ti oxides were identified in mantle xenoliths enclosed in kimberlite-like rocks from Limeira 1 alkaline intrusion from the Alto Paranaíba Igneous Province, southeastern Brazil. The metasomatic mineral assemblages include mathiasite-loveringite and priderite associated with clinopyroxene, phlogopite, ilmenite and rutile. Mathiasite-loveringite (55-60 wt.% TiO2; 5.2-6.7 wt.% ZrO2) occurs in peridotite xenoliths rimming chromite (˜50 wt.% Cr2O3) and subordinate ilmenite (12-13.4 wt.% MgO) in double reaction rim coronas. Priderite (Ba/(K+Ba)< 0.05) occurs in phlogopite-rich xenoliths as lamellae within Mg-ilmenite (8.4-9.8 wt.% MgO) or as intergrowths in rutile crystals that may be included in sagenitic phlogopite. Mathiasite-loveringite was formed by reaction of peridotite primary minerals with alkaline melts. The priderite was formed by reaction of peridotite minerals with ultrapotassic melts. Disequilibrium textures and chemical zoning of associated minerals suggest that the metasomatic reactions responsible for the formation of the alkali-bearing Ti oxides took place shortly prior the entrainment of the xenoliths in the host magma, and is not connected to old (Proterozoic) mantle enrichment events.

  15. An investigation of ground-water recharge by injection in the Palo Alto Baylands, California : hydraulic and chemical interactions; final report

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hamlin, S.N.

    1985-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Santa Clara Valley Water District, has completed a study of ground-water recharge by injection in the Palo Alto baylands along San Francisco Bay, California. Selected wells within the Water District 's injection-extraction network were monitored to determine hydraulic and chemical interactions affecting well-field operation. The well field was installed to prevent and eliminate saline contamination in the local shallow aquifer system. The primary focus of this study is on factors that affect injection efficiency, specifically well and aquifer clogging. Mixing and break-through curves for major chemical constituents indicate ion exchange, adsorption, and dissolution reactions. Freshwater breakthrough was detected in water-level data, which reflected fluid-density change as well as head buildup. Dissolution of calcium carbonate caused by dilution of saline ground water probably accounts for an apparent increase in specific capacity possibly related to improved aquifer permeability. Adsorption evidently removed trace elements during passage of injected water through the aquifer. In terms of hydraulic and chemical compatibility, the well field is a viable system for ground-water recharge. Aquifer heterogeneity and operational constraints reduce the efficiency of the system. Efficiency may be maximized by careful attention to extraction distribution and quantity and to injection distribution, quantity, and water quality. (USGS)

  16. El Universo a alto redshift

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alonso, M. V.

    The Universe we see today is the result of structures and galaxies that have been evolving since earlier times. Looking the evolution of the galaxy population at z ˜ 1 has emphasized the important role played by high redshift data. This is the case of the morphology - density relationship, where the morphological type of galaxies in distant clusters has given us a clear vision of evolutionary processes, partly led by environmental effects. I review part of the data available at high redshifts that are fundamental today to check the validity of galaxy formation models in reproducing local and basic galaxy properties. Briefly, I will comment about high redshift studies, a still little explored portion of the Universe, and the current strategies that allow us the study. In this sense, the epoch of reionization is essential for understanding the formation of structures because it is the phase where the first protogalaxies were formed, creating stars and enriching the intergalactic medium. Because of the great distances involved in these studies, gamma-ray bursts, quasars and Lyman-? galaxies are the best tools to study these earlier times. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  17. Construction of a manual of work processes and techniques from Centro de Dispensação de Medicamentos de Alto Custo (CEDMAC), Hospital de Clínicas, Unicamp.

    PubMed

    Bertolo, Manoel Barros; Ferreira, Bruno Silva de Araújo; Marchiore, Adriana G Mucke; Carvalho, Glaucia Pereira do Amaral; de Souza, Débora Pessoa; Psaltikidis, Eliane Molina

    2014-01-01

    The Centers for High Cost Medication (Centros de Medicação de Alto Custo, CEDMAC), Health Department, São Paulo were instituted by project in partnership with the Clinical Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine, USP, sponsored by the Foundation for Research Support of the State of São Paulo (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, FAPESP) aimed at the formation of a statewide network for comprehensive care of patients referred for use of immunobiological agents in rheumatological diseases. The CEDMAC of Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (HC-Unicamp), implemented by the Division of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, identified the need for standardization of the multidisciplinary team conducts, in face of the specificity of care conducts, verifying the importance of describing, in manual format, their operational and technical processes. The aim of this study is to present the methodology applied to the elaboration of the CEDMAC/HC-Unicamp Manual as an institutional tool, with the aim of offering the best assistance and administrative quality. In the methodology for preparing the manuals at HC-Unicamp since 2008, the premise was to obtain a document that is participatory, multidisciplinary, focused on work processes integrated with institutional rules, with objective and didactic descriptions, in a standardized format and with electronic dissemination. The CEDMAC/HC-Unicamp Manual was elaborated in 10 months, with involvement of the entire multidisciplinary team, with 19 chapters on work processes and techniques, in addition to those concerning the organizational structure and its annexes. Published in the electronic portal of HC Manuals in July 2012 as an e-Book (ISBN 978-85-63274-17-5), the manual has been a valuable instrument in guiding professionals in healthcare, teaching and research activities. PMID:25054595

  18. The incidence of bar-like kinematic flows in the first data release of the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field spectroscopy Area Survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmes, Lindsay Anne

    2013-03-01

    Kinematic models of Halpha velocity fields for galaxies in the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area Survey (CALIFA) first data release (DR1) are determined in order to constrain the incidence of bar-like, or bisymmetric, flows therein. Of the 100 CALIFA DR1 galaxies, 47 are found to have suitable inclinations and sufficient Ha emission for kinematic modelling. This modelling is carried out using the publicly available code DiskFit, which was designed to detect non-circular flows. A routine is written to automate the successive application of DiskFit to the 47/100 suitable CALIFA galaxies, and rotation only, bisymmetric, radial and warp kinematic models are applied to each. Valid DiskFit results are returned for 37/47 of the galaxies. The remaining 10/47 had kinematic inclinations outside the adopted range or exhibited signs of interactions. The optimal model for each system is determined by examining the quality of the returned disk geometry and kinematics, the statistical significance of detected non-circular flows, and the pattern of data - model residuals. DiskFit is found to reliably determine the disk geometry regardless of the kinematic model selected. The chi-square test used to evaluate the significance of non-circular flows is accurate for 24/29 (83%) of the modelled galaxies containing sufficient Ha to search for non-circular flows, suggesting its utility in automating the model determination process for future surveys. In 4/23 (17%) of the modelled galaxies classified as either photometrically barred (B) or unbarred (A), the photometric classification belies a different kinematic classification. This suggests that samples of galaxies selected using photometric bar classifications could be systematically contaminated.

  19. Active tectonic extension across the Alto Tiberina normal fault system from GPS data modeling and InSAR velocity maps: new perspectives within TABOO Near Fault Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vadacca, Luigi; Anderlini, Letizia; Casarotti, Emanuele; Serpelloni, Enrico; Chiaraluce, Lauro; Polcari, Marco; Albano, Matteo; Stramondo, Salvatore

    2014-05-01

    The Alto Tiberina fault (ATF) is a low-angle (east-dipping at 15°) normal fault (LANF) 70 km long placed in the Umbria-Marche Apennines (central Italy), characterized by SW-NE oriented extension occurring at rates of 2-3 mm/yr. These rates were measured by continuous GPS stations belonging to several networks, which are denser in the study area thanks to additional sites recently installed in the framework of the INGV national RING network and of the ATF observatory. In this area historical and instrumental earthquakes mainly occur on west-dipping high-angle normal faults. Within this context the ATF has accumulated 2 km of displacement over the past 2 Ma, but at the same time the deformation processes active along this misoriented fault, as well as its mechanical behavior, are still unknown. We tackle this issue by solving for interseismic deformation models obtained by two different methods. At first, through the 2D and 3D finite element modeling, we define the effects of locking depth, synthetic and antithetic fault activity and lithology on the velocity gradient measured along the ATF system. Subsequently through a block modeling approach, we model the GPS velocities by considering the major fault systems as bounds of rotating blocks, while estimating the corresponding geodetic fault slip-rates and maps of heterogeneous fault coupling. Thanks to the latest imaging of the ATF deep structure obtained from seismic profiles, we improve the proposed models by modeling the fault as a complex rough surface to understand where the stress accumulations are located and the interseismic coupling changes. The preliminary results obtained show firstly that the observed extension is mainly accommodated by interseismic deformation on both the ATF and antithetic faults, highlighting the important role of this LANF inside an active tectonic contest. Secondarily, using the ATF surface "topography", we find an interesting correlation between microseismicty and creeping portions of the ATF. Future perspectives within this study is to validate these models using velocity maps and temporal series provided by Differential Interferometric SAR (DInSAR) technique applied to a datasets of ERS 1-2 and ENVISAT SAR images. These data cover a time interval spanning from 1992 to 2010 and have been acquired along both ascending and descending orbit. In addition we will deploy a network of SAR passive Corner Reflectors (CRs) in the proximity of GPS monuments in order to calibrate the results of processing a set of COSMO-SkyMed SAR data and derive velocity maps. Thus the availability of high-resolution data will contribute to understand the mechanics of the LANFs and to evaluate the seismic potential associated to these geologic structures.

  20. Advanced InSAR and GPS measurements for the detection of surface movements along the Alto Tiberina (Italy) normal fault system: data modeling and future perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderlini, L.; Polcari, M.; Bignami, C.; Pepe, A.; Solaro, G.; Serpelloni, E.; Moro, M.; Albano, M.; Chiaraluce, L.; Stramondo, S.

    2014-12-01

    The Alto Tiberina fault (ATF) is a low-angle (east-dipping at 15°), 70 km long normal fault (LANF) located in the Umbria-Marche Apennines (central Italy), an area characterized by a SW-NE oriented extension occurring at rates of ~2 mm/yr. Active extension is precisely measured by a dense distribution of GPS stations belonging to several networks, thanks also to additional sites recently installed in the framework of the INGV national RING network and of the ATF observatory. Advanced Interferometry SAR (A-InSAR) techniques play today a key role in Earth Sciences thanks to their capability to detect and monitor slow surface movements over wide areas. A-InSAR techniques, along with in-situ ground measurements, can provide suitable information on the causes of interseismic (seismic, creep) movements. Large datasets of SAR images of European (ERS 1-2 and ENVISAT) and Italian (COSMO-SKyMed) satellites have been used to retrieve surface velocity maps and relevant time series from 1992 to 2014, along both ascending and descending orbits. A network of artificial Corner Reflectors has also been deployed in the proximity of some GPS sites in order to calibrate the processing results of the COSMO-SkyMed SAR data-set and to derive velocity maps. We use an elastic Block Modeling (BM) approach in order to model GPS data by considering the major fault systems as bounds of rotating blocks, while estimating geodetic fault slip-rates.,Thanks to the latest imaging of its deep structure obtained from seismic profiles, the ATF is represented as a complex rough surface with the goal of evaluating the distribution of interseismic fault coupling. The preliminary results obtained show firstly that the observed extension is partially accommodated by interseismic deformation on the ATF, highlighting the important role of this LANF inside an active tectonic contest. Secondarily, using the ATF surface "topography", we found for the resolved areas an interesting correlation between microseismicity and creeping portions of the ATF. Thus we integrate A-InSAR results and GPS velocities in order to use such data within a BM approach, with the aim that the availability of high-resolution data will contribute to understand better the behavior of this LANF and to evaluate the seismic potential associated to this geologic structure.

  1. Near field receiving water monitoring of trace metals in clams (macoma balthica) and sediments near the Palo Alto Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California: 2000

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Moon, Edward; Luoma, Samuel N.; Cain, Daniel J.; Hornberger, Michelle I.; David, Carlos Primo C.

    2004-01-01

    Trace element concentrations were analyzed on samples of fine-grained sediments and clams (Macoma balthica) collected from a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay. This report serves as a continuation of the Near Field Receiving Water Monitoring Study, which was started in 1994. The data for 2003, herein, are interpreted within that context. Metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue samples have been within the range of values produced by seasonal variability; however, copper and zinc, display continued decreases over the last decade. In 2003, copper in sediment was observed to drop below the ERL (Effects Range-Low) concentration for the third consecutive year and zinc concentrations never exceeded the ERL. Yearly average concentrations of copper, zinc and silver in Macoma balthica for 2003 are some of the lowest recorded since monitoring began in 1975. Mercury and selenium concentrations in sediments and clams at Palo Alto were similar to concentrations observed elsewhere in the San Francisco Bay.

  2. Near field receiving water monitoring of trace metals in clams (Macoma balthica) and sediments near the Palo Alto water quality control plant in south San Francisco Bay, California : 2002

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Moon, Edward; David, Carlos Primo C.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Cain, Daniel J.; Hornberger, Michelle I.; Lavigne, Irene R.

    2003-01-01

    This report presents trace element concentrations analyzed on samples of fine-grained sediments and clams (Macoma balthica) collected from a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay. This report serves as a continuation of the Near Field Receiving Water Monitoring Study, which was started in 1994. The data for 2002, herein, are interpreted within that context. Metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue samples have been within the range of values produced by seasonal variability. However, copper and zinc, display continued decreases. Copper in sediment was observed to drop below the ERL (Effects Range-Low) concentration for the third consecutive year and zinc concentrations never exceeded the ERL. Yearly average concentrations of copper, zinc and silver in Macoma balthica for 2002 are some of the lowest recorded since monitoring began in 1975. Mercury and selenium concentrations in sediments and clams at Palo Alto were similar concentrations observed elsewhere in the San Francisco Bay.

  3. Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California: 2013

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dyke, Jessica; Cain, Daniel J.; Thompson, Janet K.; Kleckner, Amy E.; Parcheso, Francis; Hornberger, Michelle I.; Luoma, Samuel N.

    2014-01-01

    Trace-metal concentrations in sediment and in the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica), clam reproductive activity, and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure were investigated in a mudflat 1 kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant (PARWQCP) in South San Francisco Bay, Calif. This report includes the data collected by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists for the period January 2013 to December 2013. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto’s Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. Following significant reductions in the late 1980s, silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) concentrations in sediment and M. petalum appear to have stabilized. Data for other metals, including chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn), have been collected since 1994. Over this period, concentrations of these elements have remained relatively constant, aside from seasonal variation that is common to all elements. In 2013, concentrations of Ag and Cu in M. petalum varied seasonally in response to a combination of site-specific metal exposures and annual growth and reproduction, as reported previously. Seasonal patterns for other elements, including Cr, Ni, Zn, Hg, and Se, were generally similar in timing and magnitude as those for Ag and Cu. In M. petalum, all observed elements showed annual maxima in January–February and minima in April, except for Zn, which was lowest in December. In sediments, annual maxima also occurred in January–February, and minima were measured in June and September. In 2013, metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue were among the lowest concentrations on record. This record suggests that regional-scale factors now largely control sedimentary and bioavailable concentrations of Ag and Cu, as well as other elements of regulatory interest, at the Palo Alto site. Analyses of the benthic community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 40-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of the M. petalum community shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable (2013), with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that indicates a more stable community that is subjected to fewer stressors. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals; both species had short-lived rebounds in abundance in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Heteromastus filiformis (a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying its eggs on or in the sediment) showed a concurrent increase in dominance and, in the last several years before 2008, showed a stable population. H. filiformis abundance increased slightly in 2011–2012 and returned to pre-2011 numbers in 2013. An unidentified disturbance occurred on the mudflat in early 2008 that resulted in the loss of the benthic animals, except for those deep-dwelling animals like Macoma petalum. Animals immediately returned to the mudflat in 2008, which was the first indication that the disturbance was not due to a persistent toxin or to anoxia. The reproductive mode of most species present in 2013 is reflective of the species that were available either as pelagic larvae or as mobile adults. Although oviparous species were lower in number in this group, the authors hypothesize that th

  4. Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in south San Francisco Bay, California, 2012

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dyke, Jessica; Thompson, Janet K.; Cain, Daniel J.; Kleckner, Amy E.; Parcheso, Francis; Luoma, Samuel N.; Hornberger, Michelle I.

    2013-01-01

    Trace-metal concentrations in sediment and in the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica), clam reproductive activity, and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure were investigated in a mudflat 1 kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant (PARWQCP) in South San Francisco Bay, Calif. This report includes the data collected by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists for the period January to December 2012. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto’s Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. Following significant reductions in the late 1980s, silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) concentrations in sediment and in M. petalum appear to have stabilized. Data for other metals, including chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), and zinc (Zn), have been collected since 1994. Over this period, concentrations of these elements have remained relatively constant, aside from seasonal variation that is common to all elements. In 2012, concentrations of Ag and Cu in M. petalum varied seasonally in response to a combination of site-specific metal exposures and annual growth and reproduction, as reported for previous time periods. Seasonal patterns for other elements, including Cr, Ni, Zn, Hg, and Se were generally similar in timing and magnitude as those for Ag and Cu. In 2012, metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue were among the lowest concentrations on record. This record suggests that regional-scale factors now largely control sedimentary and bioavailable concentrations of Ag and Cu, as well as other elements of regulatory interest, at the Palo Alto site. Analyses of the benthic community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 39-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of the M. petalum community shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable (2012), with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that indicates a more stable community that is subjected to fewer stressors. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals; both species had short-lived rebounds in abundance in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Heteromastus filiformis (a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying its eggs on or in the sediment) showed a concurrent increase in dominance and, in the last several years before 2008, showed a stable population. H. filiformis abundance increased slightly in 2011–2012. An unidentified disturbance occurred on the mudflat in early 2008 that resulted in the loss of the benthic animals, except for those deep-dwelling animals like Macoma petalum. Animals immediately returned to the mudflat in 2008, which was the first indication that the disturbance was not due to a persistent toxin or to anoxia. The reproductive mode of most species present in 2012 is reflective of the species that were available either as pelagic larvae or as mobile adults. Although oviparous species were lower in number in this group, the authors hypothesize that these species will return slowly as more species move back into the area. The use of functional ecology was highlighted in the 2012 benthic community data, which show that the animals that have now returned to the mudflat are those that can respond successfully to a physical, nontoxic dist

  5. Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto regional water quality control plant in south San Francisco Bay, California: 2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cain, Daniel J.; Parcheso, Francis; Thompson, Janet K.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Lorenzi, Allison H.; Moon, Edward; Shouse, Michelle K.; Hornberger, Michelle I.; Dyke, Jessica

    2006-01-01

    Trace elements in sediment and the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica (Cohen and Carlton 1995), clam reproductive activity and benthic, macroinvertebrate community structure are reported for a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay. This report includes data collected for the period January to December 2005, and extends a critical long-term biogeochemical record dating back to 1974. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto's Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. Metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue during 2005 were consistent with results observed since 1990. Copper and zinc concentrations in sediment and bivalve tissue displayed a continued decrease over the last decade. In 2005, Cu concentrations were at or below the effects range-low (ERL) concentration (34 ?g/g) for the entire year, the first time this has been observed. Also, zinc concentrations never exceeded the ERL (150 ?g/g). Yearly average concentrations of copper, zinc and silver in Macoma petalum for 2005 were some of the lowest recorded since monitoring for metals began in 1975. The concentrations of mercury and selenium in sediments, during April and January 2004, respectively, were the highest values observed for these elements during this study. Later in 2005, concentrations decreased to historic levels. The increase in mercury and selenium in 2004 was not a permanent trend and concentrations of these elements in sediments and clams at Palo Alto remain similar to concentrations observed elsewhere in the San Francisco Bay. Analyses of the benthic-community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 31-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinal clam Macoma petalum from the same area. Analysis of the reproductive activity of M. petalum shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring of most years. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that suggests a more stable community that is subjected to less stress. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals. Heteromastus filiformis, a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying their eggs on or in the sediment has shown a concurrent increase in dominance. These changes in species dominance reflect a change in the community from one dominated by surface dwelling, brooding species to one with species with varying life history characteristics. For the first time since its invasion in 1986, the non-indigenous filter-feeding bivalve Corbula (Potamocorbula) amurensis has shown up in small but persistent numbers in the benthic community.

  6. Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring of Trace Metals and a Benthic Community Near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California: 2007

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lorenzi, Allison H.; Cain, Daniel J.; Parcheso, Francis; Thompson, Janet K.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Hornberger, Michelle I.; Dyke, Jessica

    2008-01-01

    Results reported herein include trace element concentrations in sediment and in the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica (Cohen and Carlton 1995)), clam reproductive activity, and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure for a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay. This report includes data collected for the period January 2007 to December 2007, and extends a critical long-term biogeochemical record dating back to 1974. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto?s Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. Metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue during 2007 remained consistent with results observed since 1990. Most notably, copper and silver concentrations in sediment and clam tissue are elevated for the second consecutive year, but the values remain well within the range of past findings. Other metals such as chromium, nickel, vanadium, and zinc remained relatively constant throughout the year except for maximum values that generally occur in winter months (January-March). Mercury levels in sediment and clam tissue were some of the lowest seen on record. Last year?s elevated selenium levels appear to be transient, and selenium concentrations have returned to background levels. Overall, metal concentrations in sediments and tissue remain within past findings. Analyses of the benthic-community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 31-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of the reproductive activity of M. petalum shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable, with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring of most years. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that suggests a more stable community that is subjected to less stress. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes, have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals. Heteromastus filiformis, a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying their eggs on or in the sediment, has shown a concurrent increase in dominance and is now showing signs of population stability. These changes in species dominance reflect a change in the community from one dominated by surface dwelling, brooding species to one with species with varying life history characteristics.

  7. Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in south San Francisco Bay, California: 2011

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dyke, Jessica; Thompson, Janet K.; Cain, Daniel J.; Kleckner, Amy E.; Parcheso, Francis; Luoma, Samuel N.; Hornberger, Michelle I.

    2012-01-01

    Trace-metal concentrations in sediment and in the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica), clam reproductive activity, and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure were investigated in a mudflat 1 kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant (PARWQCP) in South San Francisco Bay, Calif. This report includes the data collected by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists for the period January 2011 to December 2011. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto's Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. Following significant reductions in the late 1980s, silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) concentrations in sediment and M. petalum appear to have stabilized. Data for other metals, including chromium, mercury, nickel, selenium, and zinc, have been collected since 1994. Over this period, concentrations of these elements have remained relatively constant, aside from seasonal variation that is common to all elements. In 2011, concentrations of Ag and Cu in M. petalum varied seasonally in response to a combination of site-specific metal exposures and annual growth and reproduction, as reported previously. Seasonal patterns for other elements, including Cr, Hg, Ni, Se, and Zn, were generally similar in timing and magnitude as those for Ag and Cu. In 2011, metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue were among the lowest concentrations on record. This record suggests that regional-scale factors now largely control sedimentary and bioavailable concentrations of Ag and Cu, as well as other elements of regulatory interest, at the Palo Alto site. Analyses of the benthic community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 38-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of the M. petalum community shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable (2011), with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that indicates a more stable community that is subjected to fewer stressors. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals; both species had short-lived rebounds in abundance in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Heteromastus filiformis (a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying its eggs on or in the sediment) showed a concurrent increase in dominance and, in the last several years before 2008, showed a stable population. H. filiformis abundance increased slightly in 2011. An unidentified disturbance occurred on the mudflat in early 2008 that resulted in the loss of the benthic animals, except for those deep-dwelling animals like Macoma petalum. Animals immediately returned to the mudflat in 2008, which was the first indication that the disturbance was not due to a persistent toxin or to anoxia. The reproductive mode of most species present in 2011 is reflective of the species that were available either as pelagic larvae or as mobile adults. Although egg layers were lower in number in this group, the authors hypothesize that these species will return slowly as more species move back into the area. The use of functional ecology was highlighted in the 2011 benthic community data, which show that the animals that have now returned to the mudflat are those that can respond successfully to a physical, nontoxic disturbance. Today, community data show a mix of animals

  8. Near field receiving water monitoring of trace metals in clams (macoma balthica) and sediments near the Palo Alto Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California: 1999-2001

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    David, Carlos Primo C.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Brown, Cynthia L.; Cain, Daniel J.; Hornberger, Michelle I.; Lavigne, Irene R.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents trace element concentrations analyzed on samples of fine-grained sediments and clams (Macoma balthica) collected from a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay. This report serves as a continuation of the Near Field Receiving Water Monitoring Study which was started in 1994. The data for 1999-2001 are interpreted within that context. Generally, metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue samples have been within the range of values produced by seasonal variability. Copper and zinc, however, display a continued decrease, recording the lowest winter maxima concentrations in both sediment and tissue samples in 2001. Yearly average of bioavailable copper, zinc and silver concentrations in 1999-2001 are some of the lowest recorded since monitoring began in 1975. A slight increase in mercury in sediments and selenium in tissue in early 2001 are also observed. These enrichments are believed to be mainly caused by hydrogeologic processes affecting the area although only continued sampling will confirm whether anthropogenic sources influence the concentrations of these elements.

  9. Computer Club, Los Altos 29 June 2006

    E-print Network

    Gray, Robert M.

    by the National Science Foundation. Thanks to J. D. Markel, A.H. "Steen" Gray, Jr., John Burg, Charlie Davis, Mike & IP 6 #12;Other derivations: Calculus or orthogonality principle normal equations (Wiener-Hopf, Yule-Walker

  10. Bike/ped bridge To Palo Alto

    E-print Network

    Kay, Mark A.

    Services (P&TS) 3145 3170 3165 1050 1070 3375 3431 3330 Montag Hall Stock Farm lot Parking Structure 5 (PS5 REAL EL CAMINO REAL GALVEZSTSERRA MALL CAM PUSDREAST SERRA ST CAMPUSDRIVEWEST VIAORTEGA SANTA TERESA ST

  11. Bike/ped bridge To Palo Alto

    E-print Network

    Kay, Mark A.

    Services (P&TS) 3145 3170 3165 1050 1070 3375 3431 3330 Montag Hall Stock Farm lot Parking Structure 5 (PS5 REAL EL CAMINO REAL GALVEZST SERRA MALL CAM PUSDREAST SERRA ST CAMPUSDRIVEWEST VIAORTEGA SANTA TERESA

  12. February 13, 2010 (PhotoAlto / Getty)

    E-print Network

    Contractor, Anis

    . "They don't look in people's eyes, they won't hug their parents and they are hypersensitive to touch believes that there are many people who have not been diagnosed. It shows up in early infancy's development may be mistimed in people with the condition. This may result in inappropriate communication

  13. Conservacin Estratgica: Identificando reas de Alto Valor

    E-print Network

    Gilbes, Fernando

    identificar, priorizar, y proteger importantes ecosistemas y biodiversidad. Fuente: Land Trust Alliance #12 ecosistemas #12;Historia y trayectoria Iniciativade conservación de biodiversidad (2003-2009) Esceenarios de terrenos Condición del paisaje Los "top" 100,000 acres Evaluación de ecosistemas (2011) Mapa 33 (2011

  14. Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in south San Francisco Bay, California; 2009

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dyke, Jessica; Parchaso, Janet K.; Thompson, Janet K.; Cain, Daniel J.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Hornberger, Michelle I.

    2010-01-01

    Results reported herein include trace element concentrations in sediment and in the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica (Cohen and Carlton, 1995)), clam reproductive activity, and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure for a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant (PARWQCP) in South San Francisco Bay. This report includes data collected for the period January 2009 to December 2009 and extends a critical long-term biogeochemical record dating back to 1974. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto's Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. In 2009, metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue were among the lowest concentrations on record and consistent with results observed since 1991. Following significant reductions in the late 1980s, silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) concentrations appeared to have stabilized. Annual mean concentrations have fluctuated modestly (2-4 fold) in a nondirectional manner. Data for other metals, including chromium, mercury, nickel, selenium, vanadium, and zinc, have been collected since 1994. Over this period, concentrations of these elements, which more likely reflect regional inputs and systemwide processes, have remained relatively constant, aside from typical seasonal variation that is common to all elements. Within years, the winter months (January-March) generally exhibit maximum concentrations, with a decline to annual minima in spring through fall. Mercury (Hg) in sediments and M. petalum were comparable to concentrations observed in 2008 and were generally consistent with data from previous years. Selenium (Se) concentrations in sediment varied among years and showed no sustained temporal trend. In 2009, sedimentary Se concentrations declined from the record high concentrations observed in 2008 to concentrations that were among the lowest on record. Selenium in M. petalum was unchanged from 2008. Overall, Cu and Ag concentrations in sediments and soft tissues of the clam, M. petalum, remained representative of the concentrations observed since 1991 following significant reductions in the discharge of these elements from the PARWQCP. This suggests that, as with other elements of regulatory interest, regional-scale factors now largely influence sedimentary and bioavailable concentrations of Ag and Cu. Analyses of the benthic community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 36-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of the reproductive activity of M. petalum shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable, with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring of most years. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that suggests a more stable community that is subjected to fewer stressors. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals; both species had short-lived rebounds in abundance in 2008 and 2009. Heteromastus filiformis (a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying its eggs on or in the sediment) showed a concurrent increase in dominance, with the last several years prior to 2008 showing a stable population. An unidentified disturbance occurred on the mudflat in early 2008 that resulted in the loss o

  15. Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring of Trace Metals and a Benthic Community Near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California: 2008

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cain, Daniel J.; Thompson, Janet K.; Dyke, Jessica; Parcheso, Francis; Luoma, Samuel N.; Hornberger, Michelle I.

    2009-01-01

    Results reported herein include trace element concentrations in sediment and in the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica (Cohen and Carlton, 1995)), clam reproductive activity, and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure for a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant (PARWQCP) in South San Francisco Bay. This report includes data collected for the period January 2008 to December 2008 and extends a critical long-term biogeochemical record dating back to 1974. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto's Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. In 2008, metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue were among the lowest concentrations on record and consistent with results observed since 1991. Following significant reductions in the late 1980's, silver (Ag) and copper (Cu) concentrations appeared to have stabilized. Annual mean concentrations have fluctuated modestly (2-4 fold) in a nondirectional manner. Data for other metals, including chromium, mercury, nickel, selenium, vanadium, and zinc, have been collected since 1994. Over this period, concentrations of these elements, which more likely reflect regional inputs and systemwide processes, have remained relatively constant, aside from typical seasonal variation that is common to all elements. Within years, concentrations generally reach maximum in winter months (January-March) and decline to annual minima in spring through fall. Mercury (Hg) in sediments spiked to the highest observed level in January 2008. However, sedimentary concentrations for the rest of the year and concentrations of Hg in M. petalum for the entire year were consistent with data from previous years. Average selenium (Se) concentrations in sediment were the highest on record, but there is no evidence, yet, to suggest a temporal trend of increasing sedimentary Se. Selenium in M. petalum was not elevated relative to past years. Overall, Cu and Ag concentrations in sediments and soft tissues of the clam, M. petalum, remained representative of the concentrations observed since 1991 following significant reductions in the discharge of these elements from PARWQCP, suggesting that, similar to other elements of regulatory interest, regional scale factors now largely influence sedimentary and bioavailable concentrations of Cu and Ag. Analyses of the benthic-community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 31-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of the reproductive activity of M. petalum shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable, with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring of most years. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that suggests a more stable community that is subjected to less stress. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes, have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals. Heteromastus filiformis, a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying their eggs on or in the sediment, has shown a concurrent increase in dominance and is now showing signs of population stability. An unidentified disturbance occurred on the mudflat in early 2008 that resulted in the loss of the benthic animals, except for those deep dwelling animals like Macoma petalum.

  16. Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring of Trace Metals and a Benthic Community Near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California: 2006

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lorenzi, Allison H.; Cain, Daniel J.; Parcheso, Francis; Thompson, Janet K.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Hornberger, Michelle I.; Dyke, Jessica; Cervantes, Raul; Shouse, Michelle K.

    2007-01-01

    Results reported herein include trace element concentrations in sediment and in the clam Macoma petalum (formerly reported as Macoma balthica (Cohen and Carlton 1995)), clam reproductive activity, and benthic macroinvertebrate community structure for a mudflat one kilometer south of the discharge of the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay. This report includes data collected for the period January 2006 to December 2006, and extends a critical long-term biogeochemical record dating back to 1974. These data serve as the basis for the City of Palo Alto's Near-Field Receiving Water Monitoring Program, initiated in 1994. Metal concentrations in both sediments and clam tissue during 2006 were consistent with results observed since 1990. Most notably, copper and silver concentrations in sediment and clam tissue increased in the last year but the values remain well within range of past data. Other metals such as chromium, nickel, vanadium, and zinc remained relatively constant throughout the year except for maximum values generally occurring in winter months (January-March). Mercury levels in sediment and clam tissue were some of the lowest seen on record. Conversely, selenium concentrations reached a maximum level but soon returned to baseline levels. In all, metal concentrations in sediments and tissue remain within past findings. There are no obvious directional trends (increasing or decreasing). Analyses of the benthic-community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 31-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam M. petalum from the same area. Analysis of the reproductive activity of M. petalum shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable, with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring of most years. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that suggests a more stable community that is subjected to less stress. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes, have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals. Heteromastus filiformis, a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying their eggs on or in the sediment, has shown a concurrent increase in dominance. These changes in species dominance reflect a change in the community from one dominated by surface dwelling, brooding species to one with species with varying life history characteristics. For the first time since its invasion in 1986, the non-indigenous filter-feeding clam Corbula (Potamocorbula) amurensis has shown up in small, but persistent, numbers in the benthic community.

  17. Hip Hop as Empowerment: Voices in El Alto, Bolivia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarifa, Ariana

    2012-01-01

    In response to neoliberal policies that have been in place since 1985, Bolivian young people have increasingly used hip hop music as a means of protest and to reclaim social and political participation. Hip hop in Latin America tells the story of the struggles that marginalized people have suffered, and speaks to the effects of international…

  18. Relaciones hidrogeologicas y medioambientales entre el mar mediterraneo, El saladar y el acuifero de agua amarga (provincia de alicante). Incidencia de las explotaciones de las desaladoras de alicante I Y II Y medidas correctoras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manteca, Ivan Alhama

    The Agua Amarga coastal aquifer, located in the south of Alicante province, has been subjected to successive anthropogenic actions: salt works activity (1925-1975) and water withdrawal to supply the Alicante I and II desalination plants (since 2003). These interventions have influenced the salinity and the flow regime. Due to the existence of a salt marsh of ecological interest linked to the aquifer, the 'Mancomunidad de los Canales del Taibilla' (agency responsible for the desalination plants) designed a piezometric network for monitoring piezometry and electrical conductivity (in operation since May 2008). Soil humidity and piezometrics levels have been recovered by means of a seawater pouring programme over the salt marsh (since December 2009),which represents the third anthropic intervention. In this memoria, we investigate the Agua Amarga coastal aquifer to develop a physical conceptual model. Firstly, the study area is characterized in relation to climatology, geology, geomorphology and hydrogeology, using published information, describing, in addition, the desalination plants catchment system. Next, based on hydrogeological studies prior to the start up of the desalination plants, the aquifer is characterized: type, lithology, hydraulic parameters, thickness, surface extension, etc. Water quantity relating to rainfall, water withdrawal and pourings over the salt marsh, have been integrated in conjunction with data from monthly piezometric campaigns. In adittion, in order to gain insight into the groundwater mixing processes, chemical and isotope analyses were carried out on meteoric water and groundwater samples taken at different locations. The results were used to elaborate a conceptual physical model and a water budget. As an extension tool to understand processes and assess aquifer management, a 3-D fluid-flow and solute-transport model is designed with SEAWAT. Also, the 2-D physical characterization of scenarios with seawater intrusion and salt flats is presented. Finally, after describing ecological values of the salt marsh, the effect of the seawater pouring programme on aquifer piezometry and salinity is studied, assessing the possibility of applying this pilot scheme to other scenarios.

  19. Geology of the Palo Alto 30 x 60 minute quadrangle, California: a digital database

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brabb, Earl E.; Graymer, R.W.; Jones, David Lawrence

    1998-01-01

    This map database represents the integration of previously published and unpublished maps by several workers (see Sources of Data index map on Sheet 2 and the corresponding table below) and new geologic mapping and field checking by the authors with the previously published geologic map of San Mateo County (Brabb and Pampeyan, 1983) and Santa Cruz County (Brabb, 1989, Brabb and others, 1997), and various sources in a small part of Santa Clara County. These new data are released in digital form to provide an opportunity for regional planners, local, state, and federal agencies, teachers, consultants, and others interested in geologic data to have the new data long before a traditional paper map is published. The new data include a new depiction of Quaternary units in the San Francisco Bay plain emphasizing depositional environment, important new observations between the San Andreas and Pilarcitos faults, and a new interpretation of structural and stratigraphic relationships of rock packages (Assemblages).

  20. International Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring Palo Alto, CA. Sept. 11-13, 2007

    E-print Network

    White, Robert D.

    of life-sized, micromachined models have been reported [6-9]. These devices demonstrate the ability. The main sensor structure is a 3 cm long, 1.2 µm thick, LPCVD Si3N4/Polysilicon/Si3N4 membrane which tapers The mammalian cochlea, the organ responsible for hearing, achieves remarkable acoustic transduction

  1. PALO ALTO, CALIFORNIA--Ready or not, neuro-imaging is knocking on the courthouse door.

    E-print Network

    Apkarian, A. Vania

    , but the fMRI find- ings weren't relevant. Although certain brain regions consistently rev up when people on using fMRI and other methods for lie detection. But Adam Kolber, a law professor at the University injury cases. Billions of dollars are at stake.Yet people with real pain are sometimes unable to prove it

  2. ALFA: Adaptive Optics for the Calar Alto Observatory Optics, Control Systems, and Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kasper, M.; Looze, D. P.; Hippler, S.; Herbst, T.; Glindemann, A.; Ott, T.; Wirth, A.

    2000-04-01

    The adaptive optics system ALFA differs in some aspects from systems like ADONIS and PUEO which have delivered scientific results since years. Interchangeable lenslet arrays with different numbers of subapertures and a deformable mirror with many more actuators than the number of corrected modes result in some peculiarities in the calibration of the system and the reconstruction of incident wavefronts. We describe the design of ALFA's optics and its modal control architecture with a focus on a comparative study of the performance of different mode sets used to correct the wavefront aberrations. An outlook on our plans to improve and simplify the use of ALFA is given. The last section is dedicated to issues related to observing with ALFA in its present state. Expected Strehl ratios for different seeing conditions and guide star magnitudes are summarized in a table. AO observations in general, direct imaging and doing spectroscopy with ALFA in particular are discussed.

  3. Acta Granatense, 6: 1-14. 2007 Vegetacin de los humedales del Alto Guadalquivir: las

    E-print Network

    Herrera, Carlos M.

    que el conocimiento de los taxones presentes en estos ecosistemas y las causas que condicionan su conservación de este tipo de ecosistemas (Cirujano et al., 1992), en los que viven especies vulnerables y desarrollada en el mismo, hecho que ha conducido a la degradación de gran parte de sus ecosistemas naturales en

  4. Palo Alto Research Center - Smart Embedded Network of Sensors with an Optical Readout

    SciTech Connect

    Raghavan, Ajay; Sahu, Saroj; Bringans, Ross; Johnson, Noble; Kiesel, Peter; Saha, Bhaskar

    2014-03-07

    PARC is developing new fiber optic sensors that would be embedded into batteries to monitor and measure key internal parameters during charge and discharge cycles. Two significant problems with today's best batteries are their lack of internal monitoring capabilities and their design oversizing. The lack of monitoring interferes with the ability to identify and manage performance or safety issues as they arise, which are presently managed by very conservative design oversizing and protection approaches that result in cost inefficiencies. PARC's design combines low-cost, embedded optical battery sensors and smart algorithms to overcome challenges faced by today's best battery management systems. These advanced fiber optic sensing technologies have the potential to dramatically improve the safety, performance, and life-time of energy storage systems.

  5. Restoration of resaca wetlands and associated wet prairie habitats at Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site 

    E-print Network

    Margo, Michael Ray

    2006-08-16

    hydrologic study was initiated to evaluate the groundwater hydrology in disturbed versus undisturbed resaca wetlands and explore potential restoration strategies. Transplanting S. spartinae in the fall season was more successful (80% survivability) than...

  6. The Wendelstein Calar Alto Pixellensing Project (WeCAPP): The M31 Variable Star Catalogue

    E-print Network

    Juergen Fliri; Arno Riffeser; Stella Seitz; Ralf Bender

    2005-07-19

    In this paper we present the WeCAPP variable star catalogue towards the bulge of M31. The observations of the WeCAPP microlensing survey (optical R and I bands) during three years (2000-2003) result in a database with unprecedented time coverage for an extragalactic variable star study. We detect 23781 variable sources in a 16.1' x 16.6' field centered on the nucleus of M31. The catalogue of variable stars contains the positions, the periods and the variations in the R and I bands. We classify the variables according to their position in the R-band period-amplitude plane. Three groups can be distinguished; while the first two groups can be mainly associated with Cepheid-like variables (population I Cepheids in group I, type II Cepheids and RV Tauri stars in group II), the third one consists of Long Period Variables (LPVs). We detect 37 RV Tauri stars and 11 RV Tauri candidates which is one of the largest collections of this class of stars to date. The classification scheme is supported by Fourier decomposition of the light curves. Our data shows a correlation of the low-order Fourier coefficients Phi_21 with Phi_31 for classical Cepheids, as well for type II Cepheids and RV Tauri stars. Correlating our sample of variable stars with the X-ray based catalogues of Kaaret (2002) and Kong et al. (2002) results in 23 and 31 coincidences, 8 of which are M31 globular clusters. The number density of detected variables is clearly not symmetric, which has to be included in the calculations of the expected microlensing event rate towards M31. This asymmetry is due to the enhanced extinction in the spiral arms superimposed on the bulge of M31 which reduces the number of sources to about 60%, if compared to areas of equivalent bulge brightness (without enhanced extinction being present).

  7. 77 FR 58203 - AER Energy Resources, Inc.; Alto Group Holdings, Inc.; Bizrocket.Com Inc.; Fox Petroleum, Inc...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ... The Pike Productions Inc.; Mobile Star Corp.; SavWatt USA Inc.; Scorpex Inc.; Silver Dragon Resources... concerning the company's operations and the accuracy of its financial statements. 9. Mobile Star Corp. is...

  8. An Archaeological Survey of Proposed System Improvements for the Alto Rural Water Supply Corporation in Southeast Cherokee County, Texas 

    E-print Network

    Moore, William

    2015-07-08

    An archaeological evaluation of a proposed 59.44 mile water line in southeast Cherokee County, Texas was performed by Brazos Valley Research Associates in May 2003 under Texas Antiquities Permit 3126. This project was reviewed by the Texas...

  9. Electronic Access to Information: A New Service Paradigm. Proceedings from a Symposium (July 23-24, 1993, Palo Alto, California).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiang, Win-Shin S., Ed.; Elkington, Nancy E., Ed.

    The Research Libraries Group (RLG) hosted a symposium to explore opportunities for cooperative action--to take advantage of technology and to improve electronic access to information--particularly in the RLG context, and to develop strategies for making the most effective use of technology and electronic information in support of research and…

  10. 3160 Porter Drive, Ste. 250, Palo Alto, CA 943048443 http://worklife.stanford.edu (650) 7232660 Lactation Spaces

    E-print Network

    Puglisi, Joseph

    , first serve basis. Door lockable from inside. Two chairs, side tables and access to power outlet) 3160 Porter, Ste. 250 Corte Madera Creek Bldg., 1st Fl. Health Room with soft seating, refrigerator. Priority to Law students & staff. Huang Center (Science and Engineering Quad) Rm. B027 (Basement) Walk past

  11. Presented at the Conference in Honor of Bob Taylor, Palo Alto, CA. RECENT RESULTS ON THE NUMERICAL INTEGRATION OF

    E-print Network

    Knopf, Dan

    of the underlying system. Namely, conservation laws such as that of #12;Numerical Integration of In nite: Kepler's problem. Within the context of this model problem the cause of the instability is identi ed

  12. 77 FR 58203 - AER Energy Resources, Inc.; Alto Group Holdings, Inc.; Bizrocket.Com Inc.; Fox Petroleum, Inc...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ...International, Inc.; Mike The Pike Productions Inc.; Mobile Star Corp.; SavWatt USA Inc.; Scorpex Inc.; Silver Dragon Resources...operations and the accuracy of its financial statements. 9. Mobile Star Corp. is a Delaware corporation based in California....

  13. namely TIN2, rather than on POT1. Alto-gether, these results converge to a model

    E-print Network

    Xue, Ding

    eventually altered in cancer cells? Indeed, if TPP1-POT1 is required for protection, are all telomeres bound in vivo, similarly to the in vitro findings, binds to telomeres and connects them to telomerase- stranded region of telomeres also may be involved in modulation of telomerase activity. For instance

  14. AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, 10th, Palo Alto, CA, June 22-24, 1992, Technical Papers. Pts. 1 AND 2

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    Consideration is given to vortex physics and aerodynamics; supersonic/hypersonic aerodynamics; STOL/VSTOL/rotors; missile and reentry vehicle aerodynamics; CFD as applied to aircraft; unsteady aerodynamics; supersonic/hypersonic aerodynamics; low-speed/high-lift aerodynamics; airfoil/wing aerodynamics; measurement techniques; CFD-solvers/unstructured grid; airfoil/drag prediction; high angle-of-attack aerodynamics; and CFD grid methods. Particular attention is given to transonic-numerical investigation into high-angle-of-attack leading-edge vortex flow, prediction of rotor unsteady airloads using vortex filament theory, rapid synthesis for evaluating the missile maneuverability parameters, transonic calculations of wing/bodies with deflected control surfaces; the static and dynamic flow field development about a porous suction surface wing; the aircraft spoiler effects under wind shear; multipoint inverse design of an infinite cascade of airfoils, turbulence modeling for impinging jet flows; numerical investigation of tail buffet on the F-18 aircraft; the surface grid generation in a parameter space; and the flip flop nozzle extended to supersonic flows.

  15. -Also a$liated with the Institute for the Study of Learning and Expertise, 2164 Staunton Court, Palo Alto, CA 94306, USA.

    E-print Network

    Langley, Pat

    .0396 Available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on The computational support of scientific discovery PAT with scienti"c laws and theories already known to the developers. Although many researchers have continued their attempts to reproduce historical discoveries, others have turned their energies toward the computational

  16. Variation of Indoor Radon Levels in Some Caves of Parque Estadual Turistico do Alto Ribeira (PETAR), SP, Brazil with Ventilation and Rain

    SciTech Connect

    Alberigi, Simone; Pecequilo, Brigitte Roxana Soreanu

    2008-08-07

    In order to assess the radon exposure for the tour guide workers, radon levels in several galleries of the most visited caves of PETAR (High Ribeira River Turistic State Park), were determined by using Makrofol E tracks detectors. A two-years surveillance, from 2003 to 2005, showed radon average levels varying from 153{+-}44 Bq{center_dot}m{sup -3} to 6358{+-}1619 Bq{center_dot}m{sup -3}. Those results showed that the wide variation between the minimum and maximum concentrations values are strongly related with cave ventilation. In order to establish other factors contributing to this variation, beside the well known temperature effect, rain data over the entire period were also considered, showing that, apparently, radon concentrations inside the caves rise with drought.

  17. Linking high-resolution geomorphic mapping, sediment sources, and channel types in a formerly glaciated basin of northeastern Alto-Adige/Sudtirol, Italy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brardinoni, F.; Perina, E.; Bonfanti, G.; Falsitta, G.; Agliardi, F.

    2012-04-01

    To characterize channel-network morphodynamics and response potential in the Gadria-Strimm basin (14.8 km^2) we conduct a concerted effort entailing: (i) high-resolution mapping of landforms, channel reaches, and sediment sources; and (ii) historical evolution of colluvial channel disturbance through sequential aerial photosets (1945-59-69-82-90-00-06-11). The mapping was carried out via stereographic inspection of aerial photographs, examination of 2.5-m gridded DTM and DSM, and extensive field work. The study area is a formerly glaciated basin characterized by peculiar landform assemblages imposed by a combination of tectonic and glacial first-order structures. The most striking feature in Strimm Creek is a structurally-controlled valley step separating an upper hanging valley, dominated by periglacial and fluvial processes, and a V-notched lower part in which lateral colluvial channels are directly connected to Strimm's main stem. In Gadria Creek, massive kame terraces located in proximity of the headwaters provide virtually unlimited sediment supply to frequent debris-flow activity, making this sub-catchment an ideal site for monitoring, hence studying the mechanics of these processes. Preliminary results point to a high spatial variability of the colluvial channel network, in which sub-sectors have remained consistently active during the study period while others have become progressively dormant with notable forest re-growth. In an attempt to link sediment flux to topography and substrate type, future work will involve photogrammetric analysis across the sequential aerial photosets as well as a morphometric/geomechanical characterization of the surficial materials.

  18. Proceedings of a National Conference on Productivity and Effectiveness in Educational Research and Development (Palo Alto, California, December 6-7, 1977).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

    Twelve papers are contained in this report. Robert M. Ranftl reports on the findings of a study to identify useful techniques for optimizing productivity. John S. Packard contrasts the spirit of inquiry and the norm of productivity, and makes recommendations for the composition of a research team. David L. Williams describes procedures to ensure…

  19. Near-field receiving water monitoring of a benthic community near the Palo Alto Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay: February 1974 through December 2002

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shouse, Michelle K.; Parcheso, Francis; Thompson, Janet K.

    2003-01-01

    Analyses of the benthic community structure over a 28-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinal clam Macoma balthica from the same area. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that could be indicative of a more stable community that is subjected to less stress. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals. Heteromastus filiformis, a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying their eggs on or in the sediment has shown a concurrent increase in dominance. These changes in species dominance reflect a change in the community from one dominated by surface dwelling, brooding species to one with species with varying life history characteristics. Analysis of the reproductive activity of Macoma balthica shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissue of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable with almost all animals reproducing during the two reproductive seasons (spring and fall) of most years. These findings are consistent with findings previously reported for the 1974 through 2000 period

  20. Near field receiving water monitoring of benthic community near the Palo Alto Water Quality Control Plant in south San Francisco Bay : February 1974 through December 2000

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Thompson, Janet K.; Parcheso, Francis; Shouse, Michelle K.

    2002-01-01

    Analyses of the benthic community structure over a 26-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinal clam Macoma balthica from the same area. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that could be indicative of a more stable community that is subjected to less stress. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals. Heteromastus filiformis, a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying their eggs on or in the sediment has shown a concurrent increase in dominance. These changes in species dominance reflect a change in the community from one dominated by surface dwelling, brooding species to one with species with varying life history characteristics. Analysis of the reproductive activity of Macoma balthica shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissue of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable with almost all animals reproducing during the two reproductive seasons (spring and fall) of most years.

  1. Near-field receiving water monitoring of a benthic community near the Palo Alto Water Quality Control Plant in south San Francisco Bay: February 1974 through December 2003

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shouse, Michelle K.; Parcheso, Francis; Thompson, Janet K.

    2004-01-01

    Analyses of the benthic community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 29-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinal clam Macoma balthica from the same area. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that could be indicative of a more stable community that is subjected to less stress. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals. Heteromastus filiformis, a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying their eggs on or in the sediment has shown a concurrent increase in dominance. These changes in species dominance reflect a change in the community from one dominated by surface dwelling, brooding species to one with species with varying life history characteristics. Analysis of the reproductive activity of Macoma balthica shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissue of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable with almost all animals reproducing during the two reproductive seasons (spring and fall) of most years. These findings are consistent with findings previously reported for the 1974 through 2002 period.

  2. Xerox Palo Alto Research Center Technical Report P2001-10113, May 2001. Revised July 25, 2001. Scalable Information-Driven Sensor Querying and Routing for ad hoc

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Feng

    civilian and military applications. Examples include human-aware environments, intelligent transportation the utility of a remote sensor's data is important in conserving power due to the necessity of communication

  3. XII CURSO DE INICIACIN A LA INVESTIGACIN EN ESTRUCTURA DE LA MATERIA: DESDE LAS PARTCULAS ELEMENTALES A LOS SISTEMAS DE ALTO PESO MOLECULAR

    E-print Network

    XII CURSO DE INICIACI�N A LA INVESTIGACI�N EN ESTRUCTURA DE LA MATERIA: DESDE LAS PARTÍCULAS cursos de grado en Ciencias e Ingenierías. El objetivo de este curso es iniciar a los estudiantes en la instalaciones experimentales del instituto y entrevistas con los investigadores. Título del curso Resumen del

  4. Recommended Academic Plan for BS Degree in Nursing (NURS/GNURS for students at University Park, Altoona, Erie (Behrend), Fayette, Mont Alto and Worthington Scranton)

    E-print Network

    Lee, Dongwon

    of Children and Adolescents 3 Arts (GA) 3 NURS 320 Nursing Care of the Childbearing Family and Gynecological 4 NURS 420 Mental Health Nursing 4 Elective 3 NURS 400-level Elective 3 Total Credits: 13 Total in Nursing Practice and Nursing Informatics 2 NURS 230 Introduction to the Fundamentals of Nursing 4 NURS 251

  5. This paper appeared in the Proceedings of the AAAI Spring Symposium on Multimodal Reasoning, 1998. Palo Alto, CA: Integrating Pattern Learning in Multimodal Decision Systems

    E-print Network

    Epstein, Susan L.

    York, NY 10021 epstein@roz.hunter.cuny.edu Jack Gelfand Department of Psychology Princeton University Department of Computer Science Hunter College and The Graduate School The City University of New York New

  6. Channel probe measurements for the American sector clutter experiment, January, 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Fitzgerald, T.J.

    1994-05-20

    The ionospheric phenomenon called Equatorial Spread F encompasses a variety of effects associated with plasma irregularities occurring in the post-sunset and nighttime ionosphere near the magnetic equator. These irregularities can seriously degrade the performance of systems which involve either of necessity or inadvertently radio propagation through the equatorial ionosphere. One such system is Over-the-Horizon (OTH) radars which operate in the high-frequency (hf) band and use ionospheric reflection for forward and backscatter propagation to ranges of thousands of kilometers. When such radars are directed towards the equator, Spread F irregularities can cause scintillation effects which may be aliased into the ranges of interest and have the effect of causing, excess clutter in which targets may be hidden. In January, 1994 Los Alamos participated in a campaign to measure Spread F effects on OTH propagation from the United States looking towards South America in conjunction with local diagnostics in Peru. During the campaign Los Alamos fielded a 1600 km bistatic path between Piura, Peru, and Arequipa, Peru-, the one-hop reflection region for this path was near the magnetic equator, We obtained four types of measurements: an oblique ionogram between Piura and Arequipa every three minutes; Doppler spread and spatial correlation for a single frequency cw path between Piura and Arequipa; Doppler spread, time-delay spread, and spatial coherence for a 10 kHz bandwidth path between Piura and Arequipa-, and Doppler spread and time-delay spread for the one-way path between the AVA radar in New York and Arequipa, Peru. This report describes the diagnostic experiments that we carried out and gives a brief description of some of the data we obtained.

  7. Using Temporal Patterns (T-Patterns) to Derive Stress Factors of Routine

    E-print Network

    Su, Norman Makoto

    Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA oliver@parc.com Norman Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA bo@parc.com CHI 2009

  8. Nexkey is an Emeryville-and Palo Alto-based hardware startup developing a simple-to-use and highly secure electromechanical locking device. We're still in stealth mode (that is, we haven't publicly

    E-print Network

    Frenklach, Michael

    , and are looking to expand our team. Specifically, we're looking for mechanical engineering interns to work with us at our Emeryville R&D space, on things like rapid prototyping, assembling new test units, and adapting on the free Emery-Go-Round shuttle route, which connects to the MacArthur Bart station. Time commitment

  9. Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay, California-2010

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dyke, Jessica; Parcheso, Francis; Thompson, Janet K.; Cain, Daniel J.; Luoma, Samuel N.; Hornberger, Michelle I.

    2011-01-01

    Analyses of the benthic community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 37-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of the M. petalum community shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable (2010), with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring of most years. The community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that indicates a more stable community that is subjected to fewer stressors. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals; both species had short-lived rebounds in abundance in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Heteromastus filiformis (a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the

  10. Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in south San Francisco Bay, California: 2014

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cain, Daniel J.; Thompson, Janet K.; Crauder, Jeff; Parcheso, Francis; Stewart, Robin; Kleckner, Amy E.; Dyke, Jessica; Hornberger, Michelle I.; Luoma, Samuel N.

    2015-01-01

    Analyses of the benthic community structure of a mudflat in South San Francisco Bay over a 40-year period show that changes in the community have occurred concurrent with reduced concentrations of metals in the sediment and in the tissues of the biosentinel clam, M. petalum, from the same area. Analysis of M. petalum shows increases in reproductive activity concurrent with the decline in metal concentrations in the tissues of this organism. Reproductive activity is presently stable (2014), with almost all animals initiating reproduction in the fall and spawning the following spring. The entire infaunal community has shifted from being dominated by several opportunistic species to a community where the species are more similar in abundance, a pattern that indicates a more stable community that is subjected to fewer stressors. In addition, two of the opportunistic species (Ampelisca abdita and Streblospio benedicti) that brood their young and live on the surface of the sediment in tubes have shown a continual decline in dominance coincident with the decline in metals; both species had short-lived rebounds in abundance in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Heteromastus filiformis (a subsurface polychaete worm that lives in the sediment, consumes sediment and organic particles residing in the sediment, and reproduces by laying its eggs on or in the sediment) showed a concurrent increase in dominance and, in the last several years before 2008, showed a stable population. H. filiformis abundance increased slightly in 2011–2012 and returned to pre-2011 numbers in 2014. An unidentified disturbance occurred on the mudflat in early 2008 that resulted in the loss of the benthic animals, except for deep-dwelling animals like Macoma petalum. However, within two months of this event animals returned to the mudflat. The resilience of the community suggested that the disturbance was not due to a persistent toxin or to anoxia. The reproductive mode of most species present in 2014 is reflective of species that were available either as pelagic larvae or as mobile adults.

  11. Appears in the Working Notes of the AAAI Spring Symposium on Representation and Acquisition of Lexical Knowledge: Polysemy, Ambiguity, and Generativity, pages 118122, Palo Alto, CA, March 27--29, 1995

    E-print Network

    Pedersen, Ted

    Science & Engineering Southern Methodist University Dallas, TX 75275 fpedersen(Sleator and Temperley 1991) as it provides a convenient means \\Lambda Supported in part by the National Science Founda)) car, corn, condor, gasoline, meat: ((A,Ds,Os) ( )) ((A,Ds) (Ss)) #12; ((Ds) (Ss)) ((Ds,Os) ( )) ((Os

  12. Coling 2008: Proceedings of the workshop on Knowledge and Reasoning for Answering Questions, pages 916 Manchester, August 2008

    E-print Network

    Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA lprice@parc.com Valeria de Paiva Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA valeria.paiva@gmail.com Tracy Holloway King Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA thking@parc.com Abstract It is important to identify

  13. Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Empirical Modeling of Semantic Equivalence and Entailment, pages 3136, Ann Arbor, June 2005. c 2005 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    : can it be defined or circumscribed? Annie Zaenen Palo Alto Research Center 3333, Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 zaenen@parc.com Lauri Karttunen Palo Alto Research Center 3333, Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 karttunen@parc.com Richard Crouch Palo Alto Research Center 3333, Coyote Hill Road Palo

  14. Context Inducing Nouns Charlotte Price

    E-print Network

    de Paiva, Valeria

    Context Inducing Nouns Charlotte Price Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA lprice@parc.com Valeria de Paiva Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA valeria.paiva@gmail.com Tracy Holloway King Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd

  15. Genetic Characterization of Goutanap Virus, a Novel Virus Related to Negeviruses, Cileviruses and Higreviruses

    PubMed Central

    Kallies, René; Kopp, Anne; Zirkel, Florian; Estrada, Alejandro; Gillespie, Thomas R.; Drosten, Christian; Junglen, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Pools of mosquitoes collected in Côte d’Ivoire and Mexico were tested for cytopathic effects on the mosquito cell line C6/36. Seven pools induced strong cytopathic effects after one to five days post infection and were further investigated by deep sequencing. The genomes of six virus isolates from Côte d’Ivoire showed pairwise nucleotide identities of ~99% among each other and of 56%–60% to Dezidougou virus and Wallerfield virus, two insect-specific viruses belonging to the proposed new taxon Negevirus. The novel virus was tentatively named Goutanap virus. The isolate derived from the Mexican mosquitoes showed 95% pairwise identity to Piura virus and was suggested to be a strain of Piura virus, named C6.7-MX-2008. Phylogenetic inferences based on a concatenated alignment of the methyltransferase, helicase, and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domains showed that the new taxon Negevirus formed two monophyletic clades, named Nelorpivirus and Sandewavirus after the viruses grouping in these clades. Branch lengths separating these clades were equivalent to those of the related genera Cilevirus, Higrevirus and Blunervirus, as well as to those within the family Virgaviridae. Genetic distances and phylogenetic analyses suggest that Nelorpivirus and Sandewavirus might form taxonomic groups on genus level that may define alone or together with Cilevirus, Higrevirus and Blunervirus a viral family. PMID:25398046

  16. Sell or not to sell - a pastoralist's dilemma: a lesson from the slaughterhouse

    SciTech Connect

    Perevolotsky, A.

    1986-09-01

    Marketing strategies employed by herders in Piura, a coastal region in northern Peru, are discussed in conjunction with ecological and economic factors. Data from regional slaughterhouses' help in analyzing decisions concerning livestock offtakes and in understanding the rationale behind them. Piura is characterized by sharp weather changes, amplified by the El Nino phenomenon. The variations in precipitation and forage availability strongly affect production, structure, and dynamics of the herds and are therefore a significant component in determining the actual marketing decision strategy. Pure herders adopt an insurance strategy emphasizing a build-up of herds during abundant years in order to compensate for considerable losses caused by frequent droughts. The use of stubble and concentrated feed in coping with droughts is restricted by economic and social factors. Agropastoralists are affected not only by ecological factors but also by labor availability, agricultural cash requirements, and household needs. As a result, these goat keepers practice a capital-manipulation strategy in which goats and kids are used as a form of capital. The paper provides an empirical representation of these two marketing strategies based on slaughterhouses' records and a complementary field survey.

  17. Comparison of Vertical Drifts of ISR and Magnetometer Data Measurements at the Magnetic Equator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Condor P, P. J.

    2014-12-01

    We compare vertical drifts measured with the Jicamarca incoherent scatter radar (ISR) and drifts estimated from magnetometer data applying a Neural Network data processing technique. For the application of the Neural Network (NN) method, we use the magnitude of the horizontal (H) component of the magnetic field measured with magnetometers at Jicamarca and Piura (Peru). The data was collected between the years 2002 and 2013. In training the NN we use the difference between the magnitudes of the horizontal components (dH) measured at JRO (placed at the magnetic equator) and Piura (displaced 5° away). Additional parameters used are F10.7 and Ap indexes. The estimates obtained with the NN procedure are very good. We have an RMS error of 3.7 m/s using dH as an input of the NN while the error is 3.9 m/s when we use the component H of JRO as an input. The results are validated using the set of vertical drifts observations collected with the Jicamarca incoherent scatter radar. The estimated drifts can be accessed using the following website: http://jro.igp.gob.pe/driftnn. In the poster, we show the comparison of vertical drifts from 2002 to 2013 where we discuss the agreement between magnetometer and ISR data.

  18. Association of vectors and environmental conditions during the emergence of Peruvian horse sickness orbivirus and Yunnan orbivirus in northern Peru.

    PubMed

    Méndez-López, María R; Attoui, Houssam; Florin, David; Calisher, Charles H; Florian-Carrillo, J Christian; Montero, Stephanie

    2015-12-01

    Since 1983, cases of diseased donkeys and horses with symptoms similar to those produced by alphaviruses were identified in two departments in northern Peru; however serological testing ruled out the presence of those viruses and attempts to isolate an agent were also unproductive. In 1997, also in northern Peru, two new orbiviruses were discovered, each recognized as a causative agent of neurological diseases in livestock and domestic animals and, at the same time, mosquitoes were found to be infected with these viruses. Peruvian horse sickness virus (PHSV) was isolated from pools of culicid mosquitoes, Aedes serratus and Psorophora ferox, and Yunnan virus (YUOV) was isolated from Aedes scapularis in the subtropical jungle (upper jungle) located on the slope between the east side of the Andes and the Amazonian basin in the Department of San Martín. Both viruses later were recovered from mosquitoes collected above the slope between the west side of the Andes and the coast (Department of Piura) in humid subtropical areas associated with the Piura River basin. In this region, PHSV was isolated from Anopheles albimanus and YUOV was isolated from Ae. scapularis. We discuss the ecology of vector mosquitoes during the outbreaks in the areas where these mosquitoes were found. PMID:26611971

  19. Robustly Estimating Changes in Image Appearance Michael J. Black

    E-print Network

    Daume III, Hal

    , 3333 Coyote Hill Rd., Palo Alto, CA 94304 E-mail: black@parc.xerox.com David J. Fleet Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, 3333 Coyote Hill Rd., Palo Alto, CA 94304 Department of Computing and Information Science

  20. Temporal Task Footprinting: Identifying Routine Tasks by Their Temporal Patterns

    E-print Network

    Su, Norman Makoto

    Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote Hill Rd, Palo Alto, USA brdiczka@parc.com Norman Makoto Su Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote Hill Rd, Palo Alto, USA begole@parc.com ABSTRACT This paper introduces

  1. Designing Testsuites for Grammar-based Systems in Applications Valeria de Paiva

    E-print Network

    de Paiva, Valeria

    Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA valeria.paiva@gmail.com Tracy Holloway King Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA thking@parc.com Abstract In complex grammar

  2. Factored Envisioning1 Johan de Kleer

    E-print Network

    Hinrichs, Tom

    Factored Envisioning1 Johan de Kleer Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA syoon@parc.com Eric K. Jones BAE Systems 6 New England Executive

  3. Optimal Point Placement for Mesh Smoothing Nina Amenta 1

    E-print Network

    Eppstein, David

    the number of Steiner points. 1 Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, CA, 94304; http://www.geom.umn.edu/ nina/; amenta@parc.xerox.com. 2 Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, 3333 Coyote

  4. Design and Analysis of Spatiotemporal Multicast Protocols for Wireless Sensor Qingfeng Huang (qhuang@parc.com)

    E-print Network

    Lu, Chenyang

    Huang (qhuang@parc.com) Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) Inc 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304 Center (PARC) Inc. 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA TEL: (01)-650-8124301 Email: qhuang

  5. SENSING FIELD: COVERAGECHARACTERIZATIONIN DISTRIBUTED SENSOR NETWORKS

    E-print Network

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 Department of EECS Vanderbilt.koutsaukos@vanderbiltedu,jreich@parc.com.and zhao@parc.com James Reich Feng Zhao Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 0-7803-7663-3/03/$17.0002003 IEEE V

  6. Institute for Software Research University of California, Irvine

    E-print Network

    Dourish,Paul

    -3425, USA jpd@ics.uci.edu +Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA-3425, USA jpd@ics.uci.edu + Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA

  7. RoamHBA: Maintaining Group Connectivity In Sensor Networks Leonidas Guibas

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Feng

    : jqfang@stanford.edu Palo Alto Research Center, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, U.S.A. E@cs.stanford.edu. § Palo Alto Research Center, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, U.S.A. E

  8. Entomopathogenicity of native bacteria from Anastrepha fraterculus and Ceratitis capitata against the pest Phyllocnistis citrella.

    PubMed

    Campos, Yany; Sepúlveda, Bernardo; Tume, Pedro

    2007-04-01

    In Piura (Peru), the pest Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton damages the photosynthetic rate and new bud production of Citrus aurantiifolia Swingle (sweet lemon), decreasing the yield, productivity and commercial price of its fruit. Biological control was evaluated through the crossed effect of bacteria obtained from pests (Anastrepha fraterculus Wied., Ceratitis capitata Wied. and Rhynchophorus palmarum L.) that are pathogenic against their original host species. Enterobacter cloacae (Jordan) Hormaeche & Edwards and Serratia marcescens Bizio (from A. fraterculus and C. capitata) and Pseudomonas mendocina Palleroni (from R. palmarum) were used against P. citrella. The bacterial strains were inoculated into its food and the accumulated mortality was evaluated. Larvae of P. citrella treated with P. mendocina had the highest mortality (66.7%). These bacterial species were entomopathogenic against the original source pest in laboratory and greenhouse bioassays, and this result widens the pathological activity range of these bacterial species. PMID:17348070

  9. 76 FR 13662 - Hewlett Packard Company, Enterprise Business Division, Technical Services America, Global Parts...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ...Leased Workers From QFlex, North America Logistics, and UPS, Headquartered in Palo Alto...Leased Workers From QFlex, North America Logistics, and UPS, All Other Teleworkers Across...leased workers from QFlex, North America Logistics, and UPS, Palo Alto,...

  10. 76 FR 10394 - Hewlett Packard Company, Enterprise Business Division, Technical Services America, Global Parts...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-24

    ...Leased Workers From Qflex, North America Logistics, and UPS, Headquartered in Palo Alto...Leased Workers From Qflex, North America Logistics, and UPS, Teleworkers Across Maine...leased workers from QFlex, North America Logistics, and UPS, Palo Alto,...

  11. 75 FR 41157 - Stanford University Habitat Conservation Plan; Extension of Comment Period

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ...partial or complete duplication, at the following locations: 1. Social Sciences Resource Center, Green Library, Room 121, Stanford, CA 94305. 2. Palo Alto Main Library, 1213 Newell Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303. Dated: July 12, 2010....

  12. Turning from Image Sharing to Experience Sharing Paul M. Aoki

    E-print Network

    Aoki, Paul M.

    Turning from Image Sharing to Experience Sharing Paul M. Aoki Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Coyote Hill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304-1314 USA szymansk@parc.com Allison Woodruff Intel Research Berkeley

  13. Journal of Biomechanics 39 (2006) 26232630 Muscles that support the body also modulate forward progression

    E-print Network

    Delp, Scott

    2006-01-01

    Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA c Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia d Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin

  14. Agenda Control for Heterogeneous Reasoners Reinhard Stolle

    E-print Network

    Stolle, Reinhard

    Agenda Control for Heterogeneous Reasoners Reinhard Stolle #3; PARC Palo Alto, California stolle: Reinhard Stolle, PARC, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, California, 94304. Email: stolle@parc.com. Phone

  15. Story Link Detection and New Event Detection are Asymmetric Francine Chen

    E-print Network

    Story Link Detection and New Event Detection are Asymmetric Francine Chen PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Rd Palo Alto, CA 94304 fchen@parc.com Ayman Farahat PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Rd Palo Alto, CA 94304 farahat@parc.com Thorsten Brants PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Rd Palo Alto, CA 94304 thorsten@brants.net Abstract Story link

  16. Entity Quick Click: Rapid Text Copying Based on Automatic Entity Extraction

    E-print Network

    Ishak, Edward

    -59593-298-4/06/0004. Eric A. Bier Palo Alto Research Center, Inc. 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA bier York, NY 10027 USA ishak@cs.columbia.edu Ed Chi Palo Alto Research Center, Inc. 3333 Coyote Hill Road

  17. Peru: Illegal Mahogany Logging Continues in Reserve for Uncontacted Tribes Widespread illegal mahogany logging continues inside Peru's Muruanahua Territorial Reserve

    E-print Network

    of the Alto Purús National Park inside the Murunahua Reserve #12;A separate logging settlement is located and adjacent Alto Purús National Park are home to some of the world's last remaining uncontacted indigenous in the headwaters of the Mapuya River near the border of the Alto Purús National Park (see Photo A). Originally

  18. Predicting Shoppers Interest from Social Interactions Using Sociometric Sensors

    E-print Network

    Coyote Hill Rd Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA maurice.chu@parc.com Oliver Brdiczka PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Rd Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA brdiczka@parc.com James "Bo" Begole PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Rd Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA as a collaborative decision making process. Ward [8] investigated decision making procedures for group purchases

  19. 2290NorthFirstStreet,Suite101 SanJose,CA95131

    E-print Network

    Kay, Mark A.

    Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS) is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor. Stanford Geriatric Education Center VA Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS): · Geriatric Research continuing education for psychologists. The VA Palo Alto Health Care System maintains responsibility

  20. Design and Use of Linear Models for Image Motion Analysis David J. Fleet

    E-print Network

    Daume III, Hal

    , Ontario K7L 3N6 Ý Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304 Þ Computer-rigid and articulated motion. Contact Information: David J. Fleet Xerox Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Rd

  1. Cocoa bean quality assessment by using hyperspectral images and fuzzy logic techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soto, Juan; Granda, Guillermo; Prieto, Flavio; Ipanaque, William; Machacuay, Jorge

    2015-04-01

    Nowadays, cocoa bean exportation from Piura-Peru is having a positive international market response due to their inherent high quality. Nevertheless, when using subjective techniques for quality assessment, such as the cut test, a wastefulness of grains is generated, additional to a restriction in the selection as well as improvement approaches in earlier stages for optimizing the quality. Thus, in an attempt to standardize the internal features analyzed by the cut test, for instance, crack formation and internal color changes during the fermentation, this research is submitted as an approach which aims to make use of hyperspectral images, with the purpose of having a quick and accurate analysis. Hyperspectral cube size was reduced by using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The image generated by principal component PC1 provides enough information to clearly distinguish the internal cracks of the cocoa bean, since the zones where these cracks are, have a negative correlation with PC1. The features taken were processed through a fuzzy block, which is able to describe the cocoa bean quality. Three membership functions were defined in the output: unfermented, partly fermented and well fermented, by using trapezoidal-shaped and triangular-shaped functions. A total of twelve rules were propounded. Furthermore, the bisector method was chosen for the defuzzification. Begin the abstract two lines below author names and addresses.

  2. Traditional medicinal plant use in Northern Peru: tracking two thousand years of healing culture

    PubMed Central

    Bussmann, Rainer W; Sharon, Douglas

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the traditional use of medicinal plants in Northern Peru, with special focus on the Departments of Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Cajamarca, and San Martin. Northern Peru represents the center of the old Central Andean "Health Axis," stretching from Ecuador to Bolivia. The roots of traditional healing practices in this region go at least as far back as the Moche period (AC 100–800). Although about 50% of the plants in use reported in the colonial period have disappeared from the popular pharmacopoeia, the plant knowledge of the population is much more extensive than in other parts of the Andean region. 510 plant species used for medicinal purposes were collected, identified and their vernacular names, traditional uses and applications recorded. The families best represented were Asteraceae with 69 species, Fabaceae (35), Lamiaceae (25), and Solanaceae (21). Euphorbiaceae had twelve species, and Apiaceae and Poaceae 11 species. The highest number of species was used for the treatment of "magical/ritual" ailments (207 species), followed by respiratory disorders (95), problems of the urinary tract (85), infections of female organs (66), liver ailments (61), inflammations (59), stomach problems (51) and rheumatism (45). Most of the plants used (83%) were native to Peru. Fresh plants, often collected wild, were used in two thirds of all cases, and the most common applications included the ingestion of herb decoctions or the application of plant material as poultices. PMID:17090303

  3. Learning for autonomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rivero, Jose

    1989-12-01

    There is a need for a new concept of post-literacy which goes beyond the learning of codes. The target population is defined on the basis of their need to be given the capacity to take decisions on essential economic, civic, political and day-to-day aspects of their lives. The main arena of post-literacy lies in the countries of the Third World, where the economic crisis has serious effects on the quality of life and impairs the motivation to learn. Particular reference is made to the concept of participation and to the ability to determine four types of basic educational need: fundamental needs, productivity needs, social service needs and community organization needs. Four Latin American programmes linked to these four types of need are presented and discussed in terms of their particular features: popular participation in decision making; the search for methods and techniques which give the population a certain degree of autonomy; and respect for the cultures and world visions of the communities in the conduct of post-literacy, educational innovation and other activities. The programmes are: post-literacy in Nicaragua (fundamental education needs); research on post-literacy and employment in 13 countries (productivity needs); the CIPCA project for peasants in Piura, on the northern coast of Peru (social service needs); and the `Talking Maps' project developed with the Paez community in Cauca, Colombia (community organization needs).

  4. Negevirus: a Proposed New Taxon of Insect-Specific Viruses with Wide Geographic Distribution

    PubMed Central

    Vasilakis, Nikos; Forrester, Naomi L.; Palacios, Gustavo; Nasar, Farooq; Savji, Nazir; Rossi, Shannan L.; Guzman, Hilda; Wood, Thomas G.; Popov, Vsevolod; Gorchakov, Rodion; González, Ana Vázquez; Haddow, Andrew D.; Watts, Douglas M.; da Rosa, Amelia P. A. Travassos; Weaver, Scott C.; Lipkin, W. Ian

    2013-01-01

    Six novel insect-specific viruses, isolated from mosquitoes and phlebotomine sand flies collected in Brazil, Peru, the United States, Ivory Coast, Israel, and Indonesia, are described. Their genomes consist of single-stranded, positive-sense RNAs with poly(A) tails. By electron microscopy, the virions appear as spherical particles with diameters of ?45 to 55 nm. Based on their genome organization and phylogenetic relationship, the six viruses, designated Negev, Ngewotan, Piura, Loreto, Dezidougou, and Santana, appear to form a new taxon, tentatively designated Negevirus. Their closest but still distant relatives are citrus leposis virus C (CiLV-C) and viruses in the genus Cilevirus, which are mite-transmitted plant viruses. The negeviruses replicate rapidly and to high titer (up to 1010 PFU/ml) in mosquito cells, producing extensive cytopathic effect and plaques, but they do not appear to replicate in mammalian cells or mice. A discussion follows on their possible biological significance and effect on mosquito vector competence for arboviruses. PMID:23255793

  5. Plasmodium vivax Hospitalizations in a Monoendemic Malaria Region: Severe Vivax Malaria?

    PubMed Central

    Quispe, Antonio M.; Pozo, Edwar; Guerrero, Edith; Durand, Salomón; Baldeviano, G. Christian; Edgel, Kimberly A.; Graf, Paul C. F.; Lescano, Andres G.

    2014-01-01

    Severe malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax is no longer considered rare. To describe its clinical features, we performed a retrospective case control study in the subregion of Luciano Castillo Colonna, Piura, Peru, an area with nearly exclusive vivax malaria transmission. Severe cases and the subset of critically ill cases were compared with a random set of uncomplicated malaria cases (1:4). Between 2008 and 2009, 6,502 malaria cases were reported, including 106 hospitalized cases, 81 of which fit the World Health Organization definition for severe malaria. Of these 81 individuals, 28 individuals were critically ill (0.4%, 95% confidence interval = 0.2–0.6%) with severe anemia (57%), shock (25%), lung injury (21%), acute renal failure (14%), or cerebral malaria (11%). Two potentially malaria-related deaths occurred. Compared with uncomplicated cases, individuals critically ill were older (38 versus 26 years old, P < 0.001), but similar in other regards. Severe vivax malaria monoinfection with critical illness is more common than previously thought. PMID:24752683

  6. 75 FR 51507 - Iowa Disaster #IA-00024

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ...Mitchell, Monona, Monroe, Montgomery, Page, Palo Alto, Plymouth, Pocahontas, Polk, Sac, Tama, Van Buren, Wayne, Winnebago, Winneshiek, Woodbury. Illinois: Carroll, Hancock, Henderson, Jo Daviess. Minnesota: Faribault, Fillmore,...

  7. 78 FR 33859 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-DIE Products...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ...Act's provisions limiting the recovery of antitrust plaintiffs to actual damages under specified circumstances. Specifically, Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA; AMI Semiconductor, Oudenaarrde, Belgium; Avago Technologies, Singapore, Singapore;...

  8. RESEARCH ARTICLE The Role of Abcb5 Alleles in Susceptibility to

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    -induced central nervous system (CNS) toxicities, and this has limited our ability to optimally utilize existing, California, United States of America, 3 Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California drugs or to develop new drugs for CNS disorders. For example, haloperidol is a potent do- pamine

  9. Automatic Synthesis of Both the Topology and Sizing of Metabolic Pathways using Genetic Programming

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Automatic Synthesis of Both the Topology and Sizing of Metabolic Pathways using Genetic Programming John R. Koza Stanford University Stanford, California koza@stanford.edu William Mydlowec Genetic Programming Inc. Los Altos, California bill@pharmix.com Guido Lanza Genetic Programming Inc. Los Altos

  10. 2020 visions Forthefirstissueofthenewdecade,Natureaskedaselectionofleadingresearchersandpolicy-makerswhere

    E-print Network

    Holt, Robert D.

    Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California The human body is one of the most important at Google Internet search as we know it is just one decade old; by 2020 it will have evolved far beyond its current bounds. Content will be a mix of text, speech, still and video images, histories of interactions

  11. Automatic Synthesis of a Wire Antenna Using Genetic Programming William Comisky

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Automatic Synthesis of a Wire Antenna Using Genetic Programming William Comisky Genetic Programming Inc. Los Altos, California bcomisky@pobox.com Jessen Yu Genetic Programming Inc. Los Altos, California This paper demonstrates the use of genetic programming to automatically synthesize the design of a wire

  12. Searching for the Impossible using Genetic Programming John R. Koza

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Searching for the Impossible using Genetic Programming John R. Koza Section on Medical Informatics H Bennett III Genetic Programming Inc. Box 1669 Los Altos, California 94023 forrest@evolute.com http://www.genetic­programming.com Jessen Yu Genetic Programming Inc. Box 1669 Los Altos, California 94023 jyu@cs.stanford.edu William

  13. Regular Models of Phonological Rule Ronald M. Kaplan*

    E-print Network

    are concerned with, and their mathematical characterization * 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto CA 94304. E-mail: kaplan@parc.xerox.com t 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto CA 94304. E-mail: kay@parc.xerox.com (~ 1994

  14. Hydrogen in compound semiconductors M. D. McCluskeya)

    E-print Network

    McCluskey, Matthew

    Hydrogen in compound semiconductors M. D. McCluskeya) and N. M. Johnson Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, Palo Alto, California 94304 Received 9 October 1998; accepted 18 December 1998 Hydrogen can consequence of hydrogenation is the passivation of dopant impurities, which leads to a decrease

  15. science preparation: To ensure an efficient use of CARMENES observing time, and the highest chances of success, it is necessary first

    E-print Network

    Gutiérrez, David Montes

    . Our observations with FEROS at ESO/MPG 2.2 m La Silla, CAFE at 2.2 m Calar Alto and HRS at Hobby of the high resolution spectra taken with FEROS at ESO/MPG 2.2 m La Silla, CAFE at 2.2 m Calar Alto and HRS

  16. GraphBased Authentication of Digital Streams Sara Miner

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    @cs.ucsd.edu Jessica Staddon y Xerox Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 jstaddon to a pay­per­view television service. Although ensuring the privacy of the data sent in the stream at solving the authentication problem in­ volves one secret shared among all entities. The sender could use

  17. Adaptation and The Provider's Dilemma Christina Aperjis

    E-print Network

    Huberman, Bernardo A.

    media" advertising formats (Godes et al. 2009). Given that a provider can increase his revenueAdaptation and The Provider's Dilemma Christina Aperjis Social Computing Group, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA 94304 Bernardo A. Huberman Social Computing Group, HP Labs, Palo Alto, CA 94304 While attracting

  18. Institute for Software Research University of California, Irvine

    E-print Network

    Demsky, Brian

    of California, Irvine Irvine, CA 92697-3425, USA jpd@ics.uci.edu +Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote of California, Irvine Irvine, CA 92697-3425, USA jpd@ics.uci.edu + Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote

  19. VIKI: Spatial Hypertext Supporting Emergent Structure Catherine C. Marshall, Frank M. Shipman III, James H. Coombs

    E-print Network

    Marshall, Cathy

    VIKI: Spatial Hypertext Supporting Emergent Structure Catherine C. Marshall, Frank M. Shipman III, James H. Coombs Xerox Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 Fax: (415) 812 - 4777 E-mail: {marshall, shipman}@parc.xerox.com ABSTRACT The emergent nature of structure is a crucial

  20. Structure of GaN,,0001...: The laterally contracted Ga bilayer model John E. Northrup

    E-print Network

    Structure of GaN,,0001...: The laterally contracted Ga bilayer model John E. Northrup Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, California 94304 J. Neugebauer Fritz 45701 Received 23 November 1999 We discuss the energetics and structure of a laterally contracted Ga

  1. Ages of Quaternary Rio Grande terrace-fill deposits, Albuquerque area, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    James Channing Cole; Mahan, Shannon; Stone, Byron D.; Shroba, Ralph R.

    2007-01-01

    Results from luminescence dating on 13 samples from the Albuquerque area show that major-drainage fluvial deposits represent significant periods of aggradation that formed paired, correlatable terraces on the east and west margins of the Rio Grande valley . The youngest terrace fills (Primero Alto) formed during late Pleistocene as a result of streamflow variations with climate cooling during Marine Oxygen-Isotope Stage 3; our ages suggest aggradation of the upper part of the fill occurred at about 47–40 ka . Deposits of the second (Segundo Alto) terraces reached maximum height during climate cooling in the early part of Marine Oxygen-Isotope Stage 5 as late as 90–98 ka (based on dated basalt flows) . Our luminescence ages show considerable scatter and tend to be younger (range from 63 ka to 162 ka) . The third (Tercero Alto) and fourth (Cuarto Alto) terraces are dated on the basis of included volcanic tephra. Tercero Alto terrace-fill deposits contain the Lava Creek B tephra (639 ka), and Cuarto Alto terrace-fill deposits contain tephra of the younger Bandelier Tuff eruption (1 .22 Ma), the Cerro Toledo Rhyolite (1 .47 Ma), and the older Bandelier Tuff eruption (1 .61 Ma). These periods of aggradation culminated in fluvial terraces that are preserved at maximum heights of 360 ft (Cuarto Alto), 300 ft. (Tercero Alto), 140 ft (Segundo Alto), and 60 ft. (Primero Alto) above the modern floodplain. Despite lithologic differences related to local source-area contributions, these terracefill deposits can be correlated across the Rio Grande and up- and down-valley for tens of miles based on maximum height of the terrace above the modern floodplain.

  2. Ages of Quaternary Rio Grande terrace-fill deposits, Albuquerque area, New Mexico

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cole, J.C.; Mahan, S.A.; Stone, B.D.; Shroba, R.R.

    2007-01-01

    Results from luminescence dating on 13 samples from the Albuquerque area show that major-drainage fluvial deposits represent significant periods of aggradation that formed paired, correlatable terraces on the east and west margins of the Rio Grande valley. The youngest terrace fills (Primero Alto) formed during late Pleistocene as a result of streamflow variations with climate cooling during Marine Oxygen-Isotope Stage 3; our ages suggest aggradation of the upper part of the fill occurred at about 47-40 ka. Deposits of the second (Segundo Alto) terraces reached maximum height during climate cooling in the early part of Marine Oxygen-Isotope Stage 5 as late as 90-98 ka (based on dated basalt flows). Our luminescence ages show considerable scatter and tend to be younger (range from 63 ka to 162 ka). The third (Tercero Alto) and fourth (Cuarto Alto) terraces are dated on the basis of included volcanic tephra. Tercero Alto terrace-fill deposits contain the Lava Creek B tephra (639 ka), and Cuarto Alto terrace-fill deposits contain tephra of the younger Bandelier Tuff eruption (1.22 Ma), the Cerro Toledo Rhyolite (1.47 Ma), and the older Bandelier Tuff eruption (1.61 Ma). These periods of aggradation culminated in fluvial terraces that are preserved at maximum heights of 360 ft (Cuarto Alto), 300 ft (Tercero Alto), 140 ft (Segundo Alto), and 60 ft (Primero Alto) above the modern flood-plain. Despite lithologic differences related to local source-area contributions, these terracefill deposits can be correlated across the Rio Grande and up- and down-valley for tens of miles based on maximum height of the terrace above the modern floodplain.

  3. ENSO-Based Index Insurance: Approach and Peru Flood Risk Management Application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khalil, A. F.; Kwon, H.; Lall, U.; Miranda, M. J.; Skees, J. R.

    2006-12-01

    Index insurance has recently been advocated as a useful risk transfer tool for disaster management situations where rapid fiscal relief is desirable, and where estimating insured losses may be difficult, time consuming, or subject to manipulation and falsification. For climate related hazards, a rainfall or temperature index may be proposed. However, rainfall may be highly spatially variable relative to the gauge network, and in many locations data are inadequate to develop an index due to short time-series and the spatial dispersion of stations. In such cases, it may be helpful to consider a climate proxy index as a regional rainfall index. This is particularly useful if a long record is available for the climate index through an independent source and it is well correlated with the regional rainfall hazard. Here, ENSO related climate indices are explored for use as a proxy to extreme rainfall in one of the departments of Peru -- Piura. The ENSO index insurance product may be purchased by banks or microfinance institutions (MFIs) to aid agricultural damage relief in Peru. Crop losses in the region are highly correlated with floods, but are difficult to assess directly. Beyond agriculture, many other sectors suffer as well. Basic infrastructure is destroyed during the most severe events. This disrupts trade for many micro-enterprises. The reliability and quality of the local rainfall data is variable. Averaging the financial risk across the region is desirable. Some issues with the implementation of the proxy ENSO index are identified and discussed. Specifically, we explore (a) the reliability of the index at different levels of probability of exceedance of maximum seasonal rainfall; (b) the potential for clustering of payoffs; (c) the potential that the index could be predicted with some lead time prior to the flood season; and (d) evidence for climate change or non-stationarity in the flood exceedance probability from the long ENSO record. Finally, prospects for the global application of an ENSO based index insurance product are discussed.

  4. El Niño-Southern Oscillation-based index insurance for floods: Statistical risk analyses and application to Peru

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khalil, Abedalrazq F.; Kwon, Hyun-Han; Lall, Upmanu; Miranda, Mario J.; Skees, Jerry

    2007-10-01

    Index insurance has recently been advocated as a useful risk transfer tool for disaster management situations where rapid fiscal relief is desirable and where estimating insured losses may be difficult, time consuming, or subject to manipulation and falsification. For climate-related hazards, a rainfall or temperature index may be proposed. However, rainfall may be highly spatially variable relative to the gauge network, and in many locations, data are inadequate to develop an index because of short time series and the spatial dispersion of stations. In such cases, it may be helpful to consider a climate proxy index as a regional rainfall index. This is particularly useful if a long record is available for the climate index through an independent source and it is well correlated with the regional rainfall hazard. Here El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) related climate indices are explored for use as a proxy to extreme rainfall in one of the districts of Peru, Piura. The ENSO index insurance product may be purchased by banks or microfinance institutions to aid agricultural damage relief in Peru. Crop losses in the region are highly correlated with floods but are difficult to assess directly. Beyond agriculture, many other sectors suffer as well. Basic infrastructure is destroyed during the most severe events. This disrupts trade for many microenterprises. The reliability and quality of the local rainfall data are variable. Averaging the financial risk across the region is desirable. Some issues with the implementation of the proxy ENSO index are identified and discussed. Specifically, we explore (1) the reliability of the index at different levels of probability of exceedance of maximum seasonal rainfall, (2) the effect of sampling uncertainties and the strength of the proxy's association to local outcome, (3) the potential for clustering of payoffs, (4) the potential that the index could be predicted with some lead time prior to the flood season, and (5) evidence for climate change or nonstationarity in the flood exceedance probability from the long ENSO record.

  5. Use of Conditional Developmental Operators and Free Variables in Automatically Synthesizing Generalized Circuits using Genetic Programming

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    of Electrical Engineering Stanford University Stanford, California koza@stanford.edu Jessen Yu Genetic Generalized Circuits using Genetic Programming John R. Koza Stanford Medical Informatics Department makeane@ix.netcom.com William Mydlowec Genetic Programming Inc. Los Altos, California myd

  6. Portfolio of compositions 

    E-print Network

    Wagstaff, Julian

    2008-01-01

    Title of Work 1) The Turing Test – a Studio Opera (60 mins). 2) Symphony for Chamber Orchestra (25 mins). 3) Treptow – for String Orchestra (10 mins). 4) Sonata for Alto Saxophone and Piano (12 mins). 5) Symphonic ...

  7. 75 FR 15447 - Iowa; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-29

    ...Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1877-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2010-0002...for the State of Iowa (FEMA-1877-DR), dated February 25, 2010, and related determinations. DATES...O'Brien, Palo Alto, Plymouth, and Pocahontas Counties for...

  8. E-Mail karger@karger.com Psychopathology

    E-print Network

    Gross, James J.

    -Injury: An Emotion Regulation Perspective Katherine C. McKenzie a James J. Gross b a PGSP-Stanford Psy online: February 12, 2014 Katherine Claypoole McKenzie PGSP-Stanford Psy.D. Consortium, Palo Alto

  9. A novel low-profile shape memory alloy torsional actuator This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-print Network

    Wood, Robert

    , in final form 25 October 2010 Published 17 November 2010 Online at stacks.iop.org/SMS/19/125014 Abstract Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305, USA E-mail: jpaik@seas.harvard.edu Received 18 June 2010

  10. The Condor 107:657664 The Cooper Ornithological Society 2005

    E-print Network

    near the start of laying at our high-arctic study colonies (Prince Leopold and Coburg Islands, Nunavut~os cerca del inicio de la puesta en nuestras colonias de estudio del A´ rtico alto (Islas Prince Leopold y

  11. AIAA JOURNAL Vol. 41, No. 6, June 2003

    E-print Network

    Swan Jr., Colby Corson

    in the conceptualdesignof sparsespatialstructures. For example, in design of long-span bridges tension structures. In design optimization of discrete truss structures, buckling behaviors can be avoided alto- gether

  12. International Ionospheric Effects Symposium, May 7-9, 2002, ed. J.M. Goodman, 364-371 1 Improved polar HF propagation

    E-print Network

    Michigan, University of

    in 10th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium, May 7-9, 2002, ed. J.M. Goodman, 364-371 1 1 Cameron, United Air Lines, Palo Alto, CA George Davenport, ARINC, Colorado Springs, CO John Goodman, Radio

  13. Adaptive Sentence Boundary Disambiguation David D. Palmer

    E-print Network

    PARC 3333 Coyote Hill Rd Palo Alto, CA 94304 hearst @parc.xeroz. corn Abstract Labeling of sentence). The resulting system, when tested on 20 megabytes of news and case law text, achieved an accuracy of 99

  14. Boletn de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa (S.E.A.), n 46 (2010) : 429435. APHELOCHEIRUS MURCIUS NIESER & MILLN, 1989 Y

    E-print Network

    Murcia, Universidad de

    2010-01-01

    medios y altos de los ríos, a diferen- cia de los ambientes leníticos, son ecosistemas muy estables alberga este tipo de ecosistemas fluviales. Dentro de esta biodiversidad destacan las especies del género

  15. An Industrial-Strength Audio Search Algorithm Avery Li-Chun Wang

    E-print Network

    Ellis, Dan

    Entertainment, Ltd. USA: 2925 Ross Road Palo Alto, CA 94303 United Kingdom: 375 Kensington High Street 4th Floor into an online server to identify the music [5,6]. Audible Magic uses the Muscle Fish algorithm to offer

  16. ECOSYSTEM ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL PAPER Soil warming alters nitrogen cycling in a New England forest

    E-print Network

    Mohan, Jacqueline E.

    : implications for ecosystem function and structure S. M. Butler · J. M. Melillo · J. E. Johnson · J. Mohan · P-mail: sarahb27@gmail.com J. E. Johnson Biology Department, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA J. Mohan

  17. 78 FR 45549 - Iowa; Major Disaster and Related Determinations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-29

    ...Mitchell, Monona, Monroe, O'Brien, Palo Alto, Plymouth, Poweshiek, Sac, Sioux, Story, Tama, Wapello, Webster, Winnebago, and Wright Counties for Public Assistance. Direct federal assistance is authorized. All counties within the State of...

  18. Deriving Secure Network Protocols for Enterprise Services Architectures

    E-print Network

    1 Deriving Secure Network Protocols for Enterprise Services Architectures Matthias Anlauff, Dusko 3175 Deer Creek Road Palo Alto, CA 94304 Abstract-- Enterprise Service Architectures are emerging Enterprise Service Architecture component ([13]). Other companies, especially those providing integration

  19. OpenSSL FIPS Object Module

    E-print Network

    ://hp.com/ Palo Alto, CA 94304 The Open Source Software Institute (OSSI) serves as the "vendor" for this validation. Project management coordination for this effort was provided by the OSSI: John Weathersby 601

  20. Prediabetes: What You Need to Know

    MedlinePLUS

    ... sangre demasiado alto puede dañar su organismo con el tiempo. Si usted tiene prediabetes, también conocida como ... saber si tiene prediabetes, especialmente si tiene sobrepeso. El sobrepeso es un factor clave de la prediabetes, ...

  1. Four Quarters of Football Helmet Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... frente hasta la parte trasera de su cabeza. El casco no debe quedar ni muy alto ni ... científico que demuestre que los protectores bucales reducen el riesgo de conmociones cerebrales, los atletas deben usar ...

  2. Type 2 Diabetes: What You Need to Know

    MedlinePLUS

    ... La diabetes es una afección en la cual el nivel de glucosa (también llamada azúcar) en sangre ... sangre demasiado alto puede dañar su organismo con el tiempo. La diabetes puede producir ataques cardíacos, accidentes ...

  3. 21 CFR 510.600 - Names, addresses, and drug labeler codes of sponsors of approved applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil 060728 Provimi North America, Inc., 6531 State Rte...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Alto, Brazil. 060865 Anika Therapeutics Inc., 236 West Cummings...

  4. 21 CFR 510.600 - Names, addresses, and drug labeler codes of sponsors of approved applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil 060728 Provimi North America, Inc., 6531 State Rte...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Alto, Brazil. 060865 Anika Therapeutics Inc., 236 West Cummings...

  5. 21 CFR 510.600 - Names, addresses, and drug labeler codes of sponsors of approved applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil 060728 Provimi North America, Inc., 6531 State Rte...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Alto, Brazil. 060865 Anika Therapeutics Inc., 236 West Cummings...

  6. 21 CFR 510.600 - Names, addresses, and drug labeler codes of sponsors of approved applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil 060728 Provimi North America, Inc., 6531 State Rte...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Alto, Brazil. 060865 Anika Therapeutics Inc., 236 West Cummings...

  7. 77 FR 2269 - Foreign-Trade Zone 18-San Jose, CA, Application for Subzone, Tesla Motors, Inc. (Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ...Tesla Motors, Inc. (Electric Passenger Vehicles), Palo Alto and Fremont...subzone status for the electric passenger- vehicle manufacturing facilities...are used to manufacture electric passenger vehicles and related...

  8. 77 FR 60672 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; Tesla Motors, Inc., (Electric Passenger Vehicles), Palo...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ...Tesla Motors, Inc., (Electric Passenger Vehicles), Palo Alto and Fremont...special-purpose subzone at the electric passenger vehicle manufacturing facilities...to the manufacturing of electric passenger vehicles and related...

  9. Atención médica más importante que la biolo

    Cancer.gov

    Los índices más altos de incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer colorrectal que experimentan los afroamericanos pueden deberse principalmente a las diferencias en la utilización de servicios médicos y en menor proporción a la biología, según un nuevo estudio

  10. 15. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley, CA) December 27, 1921, Julia Morgan, architect REAR ELEVATION - John G. Kennedy House, 423 Chaucer Street, Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, CA

  11. 14. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley, CA) December 27, 1921, Julia Morgan, architect MAIN (FRONT) ELEVATION - John G. Kennedy House, 423 Chaucer Street, Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, CA

  12. 12. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley, CA) December 27, 1921, Julia Morgan, architect FIRST FLOOR PLAN - John G. Kennedy House, 423 Chaucer Street, Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, CA

  13. 11. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Photocopy of architect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley, CA) December 27, 1921, Julia Morgan, architect FOUNDATION PLAN - John G. Kennedy House, 423 Chaucer Street, Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, CA

  14. 13. Photocopy of archtect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photocopy of archtect's drawing (original in Documents Collection, College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley, CA) December 27, 1921, Julia Morgan, architect SECOND FLOOR PLAN - John G. Kennedy House, 423 Chaucer Street, Palo Alto, Santa Clara County, CA

  15. 2629 2015 , 14-42-00015

    E-print Network

    Titov, Anatoly

    ) . , - , , , - , .. - . , , - , . . - . , , . #12; 5 1. Cox A., Hart R. B. Plate tectonics. How it works. -- Palo Alto: Blackwell, 2008; 2. and Collilieux X. ITRF2008 plate motion model // J. Ge- ophys. Res. -- 2012. -- Vol. 117, Issue B7; . .1

  16. Paleontology and Geology of Indiana Department of Geological Sciences | P. David Polly 1

    E-print Network

    Polly, David

    Name: ____________________________________ Lab 5 Corals and Bryozoa Corals (Phylum Cnidaria) and bryozoans (Phylum Bryozoa) are two common Paleozoic groups. Skeletons of the two groups are superficially Scientific: Palo Alto) #12;Department of Geological Sciences | P. David Polly 4 Bryozoa Bryozoans

  17. 75 FR 54914 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Robotics...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-09

    ...Corporation, Auburn Hills, MI; JADI, Inc., Troy, MI; Mobile Robots Inc., Amherst, NH; Oceana Sensor Technologies, Inc...Spotsylvania, VA; Robotex Incorporated, Palo Alto, CA; Robot Worx, Marion, OH; RPU Technology, Inc., Needham,...

  18. 10.1071/SR10009_AC1 CSIRO 20102

    E-print Network

    Lehmann, Johannes

    was carried out to44 remove background noise. For non-metal elements, the quantitative measurement error Alto, CA) Unity200 spectrometer. Samples were packed in a 7 mm48 diameter cylindrical zirconia rotor

  19. Our Ocean Backyard Santa Cruz Sentinel columns by Gary Griggs, Director, Institute of Marine Sciences, UC Santa Cruz.

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    and cold water at depth. As in any heat engine, the greatest efficiency is obtained when the temperature material manufacturing methods to develop a cost-effective, reliable CWP. Workers at their nearby Palo Alto

  20. 78 FR 37840 - Endangered Species Recovery Permit Applications

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-24

    ...range of the species in California for the purpose of enhancing the species' survival. Permit No. TE-06164B Applicant: Megan A. Kelso, Palo Alto, California The applicant requests a permit to take (harass) the California clapper rail (Rallus...

  1. Human Language Technologies: The 2015 Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL, pages 778787, Denver, Colorado, May 31 June 5, 2015. c 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Richardson, Texas 75080, USA 2 Research and Technology Center, Robert Bosch LLC Palo Alto, California 94304, pages 778­787, Denver, Colorado, May 31 ­ June 5, 2015. c 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics

  2. Inertia-Free Spacecraft Attitude Tracking with Disturbance Rejection and Almost Global Stabilization

    E-print Network

    Bernstein, Dennis S.

    Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico 87117 Nalin Chaturvedi Robert Bosch LLC, Palo Alto Stabilization Amit Sanyal University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 Adam Fosbury U.S. Air Force

  3. CS/EE 583 Visualiza0ons of Papers/Authors

    E-print Network

    Martonosi, Margaret

    View, CA ­ Moore's Law (retrospec/ve) · Murray Hill, NJ ­ UNIX ­ Shor Learning Moore's Law Compilers Asymmetric Encryption Data Abstraction Computer Games PageRank Consistency's Algorithm · New York City, NY ­ FORTRAN · Palo Alto, CA ­ Kay ­ Ethernet ­ Moore

  4. Um plano de rev italizao e propostas para travar a "degradao" do Areeiro

    E-print Network

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    definido "um plano de re- vitalização" para o território da an- tiga freguesia de São João de Deus. O pelo território da antiga freguesia de São João de Deus, que se fundiu com a do Alto do Pina, ganhando

  5. STRATEGIE DI PERSONALIZZAZIONE PER SISTEMI DI COMMERCIO ELETTRONICO SUL WEB

    E-print Network

    Goy, Anna

    : · La barra in alto contiene i link alle principali categorie di prodotti in vendita nel negozio visitata, per ogni contesto di dialogo. Il contesto attivo è evidenziato. · La barra in basso contiene

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - Chris Becker PPD_NCI_Biospecimens

    Cancer.gov

    A leading global CRO Research Team in addition to PPD Patient Recruitment, Phlebotomy and Initial Collection Tube Manipulations Palo Alto Medical Foundation (PAMF) Arthur Bobrove, M.D., Director of Research Multiplexed Immunoassay (IA) Development Millipore Corp.

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - Becker Caprion NCI OBBR March 2010

    Cancer.gov

    Research Team in addition to Caprion Patient Recruitment and Phlebotomy Palo Alto Medical Foundation (PAMF) Arthur Bobrove, M.D., Director of Research Multiplexed Immunoassay (IA) Development Millipore Corp.

  8. 75 FR 8741 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ...with the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma. The ceramic styles...excavated near Alto in Cherokee County, TX, by unknown individuals...object recovered from Cherokee County was determined...with the Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma. The style of the...

  9. C/NOFS Daytime ExB Drift Velocity Measurements Compared With Ground-based Magnetometer-inferred ExB Drift Velocity Observations in the Peruvian Sector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, D. N.; Heelis, R.; Pfaff, R. F.

    2008-12-01

    A technique to determine realistic, daytime, vertical ExB drift velocities in the equatorial, ionospheric F-region has recently been developed. It has been established that taking the difference in the horizontal components (ÄH) between a ground-based magnetometer on the magnetic equator and one 6-9o away in magnetic latitude, provides these realistic velocities. Relationships between the ÄH values from the magnetometers at Jicamarca, Peru (1o N. mag. lat.) and Piura, Peru (6.5o N. mag. lat.) and the observed daytime ExB drift velocities from the JULIA (Jicamarca Unattended Long-term Ionosphere Atmosphere) coherent scatter radar have been developed and then applied, on a day-to-day basis, to obtain daytime, vertical ExB drift velocities between 0700 and 1700 LT in the Peruvian longitude sector. We briefly describe the ÄH-inferred ExB drift technique and demonstrate that the ÄH vs ExB drift relationship obtained in the Peruvian sector can be applied in other longitude sectors where appropriately-placed magnetometers exist. We then describe a study where we compare the ÄH-inferred ExB drift velocities obtained in the Peruvian sector with the CINDI/IVM (Ion Velocity Meter) and the DC VEFI (Vector Electric Field Experiment) observations in the Peruvian sector during the months of August, September and October, 2008. The local time of the observations range between 0900 and 1600 LT. The IVM velocity component and the VEFI electric fields perpendicular to B in the magnetic meridional plane are calculated and transformed to the apex altitude at the magnetic equator. The fact that daytime, vertical ExB drift velocities at the magnetic equator are essentially independent of altitude between 150 km and 800 km simplifies the comparisons with the ÄH- inferred ExB drift observations. It is important to validate the IVM and VEFI observations with a number of different ground-based ExB drift measurements and, while the Jicamarca ISR and JULIA are available, they are sporadic and all in one longitude sector. In contrast, the magnetometer-inferred ExB drift technique is available, continuously, day-to-day. In addition, the same technique can be used to validate VEFI and IVM daytime observations at other longitude sectors such as the Brazilian, African, Indian, Philippine and Indonesian sectors where appropriately-placed magnetometers already exist.

  10. Shadows of the colonial past – diverging plant use in Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador

    PubMed Central

    Bussmann, Rainer W; Sharon, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the traditional use of medicinal plants in Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador, with special focus on the Departments of Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Cajamarca, and San Martin, and in Loja province, with special focus on the development since the early colonial period. Northern Peru represents the locus of the old Central Andean "Health Axis." The roots of traditional healing practices in this region go as far back as the Cupisnique culture early in the first millennium BC. Northern Peru and Southern Ecuador share the same cultural context and flora but show striking differences in plant use and traditional knowledge. Two hundred fifteen plant species used for medicinal purposes in Ecuador and 510 plant species used for medicinal purposes in Peru were collected, identified,. and their vernacular names, traditional uses, and applications recorded. This number of species indicates that the healers, market vendors, and members of the public interviewed in Peru still have a very high knowledge of plants in their surroundings, which can be seen as a reflection of the knowledge of the population in general. In Ecuador much of the original plant knowledge has already been lost. In Peru, 433 (85%) were Dicotyledons, 46 (9%) Monocotyledons, 21 (4%) Pteridophytes, and 5 (1%) Gymnosperms. Three species of Giartina (Algae) and one species of the Lichen genus Siphula were used. The families best represented were Asteraceae with 69 species, Fabaceae (35), Lamiaceae (25), and Solanaceae (21). Euphorbiaceae had 12 species, and Poaceae and Apiaceae each accounted for 11 species. In Ecuador the families best represented were Asteraceae (32 species), Euphorbiaceae, Lamiaceae, and Solanaceae (11 species each), and Apiaceae, Fabaceae, Lycopodiaceae (9 species each). One hundred eighty-two (85%) of the species used were Dicotyledons, 20 Monocotyledons (9.3%), 12 ferns (5.5%), and one unidentified lichen was used. Most of the plants used (83%) were native to Peru and Ecuador. Fresh plants, often collected wild, were used in two thirds of all cases in Peru, but in almost 95% of the cases in Ecuador. The most common applications included the ingestion of herb decoctions or the application of plant material as poultices. Although about 50% of the plants in use in the colonial period have disappeared from the popular pharmacopoeia, the overall number of plant species used medicinally has increased in Northern Peru, while Southern Ecuador shows a decline of plant knowledge since colonial times. PMID:19187546

  11. Reconnaissance of sedimentation in the Rio Pilcomayo Basin, May 1975, Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ritter, John R.

    1977-01-01

    The Rio Pilcomayo ' Alto ' (Bolivia) and ' Superior ' (Bolivia, Argentina, and Paraguay) transport large quantities of sediment for the size of the basin. The Rio Pilcomayo ' Inferior ' (Argentina and Paraguay) carries little sediment. The large loads of the ' Alto ' and ' Superior ' must be considered before dams or irrigation projects are started. The shifting channel and flooding of the Rio Pilcomayo ' Superior ' also are problems to be considered before development. The Rio Pilcomayo ' Alto ' basin has relatively little sediment deposition whereas the ' Superior ' basin has considerable deposition. A part of the ' Superior ' channel is filled with sediment to the top of its banks. The upstream limit of filling is moving farther upstream each year causing the place of overbank flooding to move upstream also. (Woodard-USGS)

  12. STAGES: the Space Telescope A901/2 Galaxy Evolution Survey Journal: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

    E-print Network

    Balogh, Michael L.

    of Astronomy Caldwell, John; University of Texas, McDonald Observatory Bacon, David; University of Portsmouth Astronomie Sanchez, Sebastian; Calar Alto Observatory, N/A Taylor, Andy; University of Edinburgh, School of Fundamental Research, National Centre for Radio Astrophysics; University of Manchester, Jodrell #12;Bank

  13. We present data utilizing a new method of studying auditory system activity during sleep and wakefulness,

    E-print Network

    Larson-Prior, Linda

    , MO, 2Abratech Corp., Sausalito, CA, 3Consultant, 4 Sleep Disorders Clinic, Stanford Univ., Palo AltoWe present data utilizing a new method of studying auditory system activity during sleep-wave responses may have interest or utility to those interested in sleep research and its clinical applications

  14. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-print Network

    . At the Power Committee meeting on August 6, Steve Simmons and Gillian Charles will present a primer on solar Meeting Steven Simmons & Gillian Charles August 6, 2013 1 Topics 1 Solar Power Introduction & In1. Solar (Orange Co Register ­ Jun 2013) Palo Alto Goes Solar, 80 Megawatts at 6.9 Cents per Kilowatt-Hour (Green

  15. Being "An Authentic Alteno": Young People in a Bolivian Andean City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calestani, Melania

    2012-01-01

    What does it mean to be young in El Alto, a Bolivian shantytown? Based on ethnographic research, this article looks at cultural resilience among young people in a vulnerable urban context. It emphasises how young people value informal youth groups as a tool to valorise their own indigenous culture. This is echoed in the world of adults, implying…

  16. An Analysis of Vocal Jazz Repertoire by Three Selected Publishing Companies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Wilbur R., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze SATB (soprano, alto, tenor, bass) vocal jazz octavos (N = 150) from three publishers in an effort to (a) identify the most prolific arrangers/composers, (b) cite improvisation opportunities, (c) document publisher improvisation markings, (d) indicate repeated titles, (e) identify most popular styles, and…

  17. 75 FR 44989 - In the Matter of Certain Semiconductor Chips Having Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-30

    ... December 10, 2008, based on a complaint filed by Rambus, Inc. of Los Altos, California (``Rambus''). 73 FR... In the Matter of Certain Semiconductor Chips Having Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory... chips having synchronous dynamic random access memory controllers and product containing the same...

  18. An Overview of AspectJ Gregor Kiczales1, Erik Hilsdale2, Jim Hugunin2, Mik Kersten2,

    E-print Network

    Kiczales, Gregor

    An Overview of AspectJ Gregor Kiczales1, Erik Hilsdale2, Jim Hugunin2, Mik Kersten2, Jeffrey Palm2 and William G. Griswold3 1 Department of Computer Science, University of British Columbia, 201-2366 Main Mall Alto, CA 94304 USA (hilsdale, hugunin, mkersten, palm)@parc.xerox.com 3 Department of Computer Science

  19. Automatic Design of Both Topology and Tuning of a Common Parameterized Controller for Two Families of Plants using Genetic Programming

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    of Plants using Genetic Programming Jessen Yu Genetic Programming Inc., Los Altos, California jyu characteristics of the plant) for two families of plants. The automatically designed controller is created controller for all plants of both families for the integral of the time-weighted absolute error (ITAE

  20. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 26 (2012) 233238 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-print Network

    Gross, James J.

    2012-01-01

    Alvarezc , James J. Grossd a National Center for PTSD & Center for Health Care Evaluation, VA Palo Alto: Emotional clarity Cognitive reappraisal PTSD Emotional awareness Emotion regulation Alexithymia a b s t r regulation strategy, cognitive reappraisal, interact to predict Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptom

  1. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2013, pp. 296-314 2013 Guilford Publications, Inc.

    E-print Network

    Gross, James J.

    University MARCEL O. BONN-MILLER National Center for PTSD & Center for Health Care Evaluation, VA Palo Alto with Posttraumatic Stress Dis- order (PTSD) over-utilize relatively ineffective emotion regulation strategies use and PTSD symptom severity among military veterans in residential treatment for PTSD, we found that

  2. Seated movement indexes emotion and its regulation in posttraumatic stress disorder

    E-print Network

    Gross, James J.

    RAE,g and JAMES J. GROSSb a National Center for PTSD, Dissemination and Training Division, VA Palo Alto Health neutral photographs and away from aversive ones, while participants with PTSD did the opposite. Regulation the computer screen. Descriptors: PTSD, Stress, Traumatic, Emotion, Movement, Posture In nature, adaptive motor

  3. Programacin en Memoria Compartida: OpenMP

    E-print Network

    Giménez, Domingo

    . · Lenguajes de paralelismo de datos ofrecen construcciones de alto nivel para compartir información y manejar concurrencia. Programas más fáciles de escribir y comprender. El código generado por estas construcciones no es

  4. Cognitive Skill Acquisition Kurt VanLehn

    E-print Network

    VanLehn, Kurt

    .1 A brief history : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 3 1.2 A framework in their elds. 1.1 A brief history Cognitive skill acquisition has its historical roots in the study of problem in Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 47, J. Spence, J. Darly & D. J. Foss (Eds). Palo Alto, CA: Annual

  5. Synthesis Paper Interactions Between Soil Erosion Processes and Fires: Implications for the Dynamics

    E-print Network

    suelo este´ril sin nutrientes, rodeado por un a´rea de arbustivas enriquecida en nutrientes que se erosio´n del suelo y las implicaciones de estas interacciones relacionadas al manejo de pastizales. La quema de la vegetacio´n arbustiva genera relativamente altos niveles de hidrofobicidad en el suelo. Este

  6. Reading Your Way to Success in Mathematics: A Paired Course of Developmental Mathematics and Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirk, Honey; Lerma, Diane

    2010-01-01

    In 2005 the Lumina Foundation awarded the Alamo Community College District (ACCD), including Palo Alto College, a grant to explore institutional effectiveness with a primary focus on serving student groups that traditionally have faced significant barriers to success. As a result of the award, ACCD staffed an umbrella initiative called "Achieving…

  7. Jairo Aníbal Niño: Un dramaturgo colombiano

    E-print Network

    Gonzá lez, Patricia E.

    1982-04-01

    —Aquellas noches de pasión. Entrábamos en los pue blos a matar enemigos y a robar muchachas. Noches que olían a pedo de jazmín. Eran épocas de machos. En mi juventud yo le pisé los callos a la manigua y a las tierras desconocidas. Ascendí a lo más alto de...

  8. Lotus v. Borland, 49 F.3d 807 (1st Cir. 1995) United States Court of Appeals,

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    , Isabella E. Fu, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, P.C., Palo Alto, CA, Peter E. Gelhaar, Katherine L. Parks, Ralph S. Brown, Stephen L. Carter, New Haven, CT, Amy B. Cohen, Longmeadow, MA, Paul J. Heald, Athens. Rice, Chestnut Hill, MA, Pamela Samuelson, Pittsburgh, PA, David J. Seipp, Boston, MA, David E. Shipley

  9. Asymmetrical Planetary Nebulae II: From Origins to Microstructures ASP Conference Series, Vol. XXX, 2000

    E-print Network

    Barnstedt, Jürgen

    by Kwok, Purton, & Fitzgerald (1978) as the product of the stellar mass-loss and wind history (Dwarkadas- troscopy) have been performed since 1996 at ESO (La Silla, Chile, 2.2m MPG telescope), Las Campanas (LCO, Chile, 1m and 2.5m telescope), DSAZ (Calar Alto, Spain, 1.23m and 2.2m telescopes), and Wise Observatory

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Clinical Endoscopy Does cancer risk affect health-related quality of life in patients

    E-print Network

    Hastie, Trevor

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Clinical Endoscopy Does cancer risk affect health-related quality of life. Goldstein, MD, MS Stanford and Palo Alto, California, USA Background: Health-related quality of life-state utility values, quality of life in reflux and dyspepsia (QOLRAD), and Medical Outcomes Survey short form

  11. Seismology and Enhanced Geothermal Systems Bruce R. Julian

    E-print Network

    Foulger, G. R.

    Seismology and Enhanced Geothermal Systems Bruce R. Julian Foulger Consulting, Palo Alto, CA 94306 in geothermal systems, and in Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) experiments in particular, although many failure in both natural and exploited geothermal systems. Differential methods are poor for determining

  12. 76 FR 2921 - In the Matter of Certain Inkjet Ink Supplies and Components Thereof; Notice of Commission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ..., 2009, based on a complaint filed by Hewlett-Packard Company of Palo Alto, California (``HP''). 74 FR... In the Matter of Certain Inkjet Ink Supplies and Components Thereof; Notice of Commission Issuance of... certain inkjet ink supplies or components thereof that infringe one or more of claims 1-7 and 22-28...

  13. In-Memory Performance for Big Data Goetz Graefe

    E-print Network

    Cortes, Corinna

    In-Memory Performance for Big Data Goetz Graefe HP Labs Palo Alto goetz.graefe@hp.com Haris Volos.veitch@gmail.com ABSTRACT When a working set fits into memory, the overhead im- posed by the buffer pool renders traditional databases non- competitive with in-memory designs that sacrifice the ben- efits of a buffer pool. However

  14. 78 FR 62947 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to the Foreign...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ...c/o AVIANDINA S.A.C., Lima, Peru; c/o SISTEMA DE DISTRIBUCION MUNDIAL S.A.C., Lima, Peru; Cerro Alto De La Posada 58, Los Andes...DOB 21 Aug 1958; LE Number 06367724 (Peru) (individual) [SDNTK]. 2....

  15. Control del cáncer y salud mundial: noticia del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI)

    Cancer.gov

    En combinación con una reunión de alto nivel de las Naciones Unidas sobre enfermedades no transmisibles en países en vías de desarrollo, el doctor Harold Varmus, director del NCI, y el doctor Ted L. Trimble, del NCI, han publicado un comentario en Science

  16. Study of plasmasphere dynamics using incoherent scatter data from Chatanika, Alaska radar facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shelley, E. G.

    1975-01-01

    Results of the study of Chatanika incoherent scatter radar data and Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory satellite data are reported. Specific topics covered include: determination of the effective recombination coefficient in the auroral E region; determination of the location of the auroral oval; auroral boundary characteristics; and the relationship of auroral current systems, particle precipitation, visual aurora, and radar aurora.

  17. Find Me If You Can: Improving Geographical Prediction with Social and Spatial Proximity

    E-print Network

    Huang, Yan

    is certainly playing a smaller role in our lives than it once did, we see in this work that geography is far. California Ave. Palo Alto, CA 94304 ABSTRACT Geography and social relationships are inextricably inter time online, data regarding these two dimensions ­ geography and so- cial relationships ­ are becoming

  18. 78 FR 33859 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-DIE Products...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ... Act on June 26, 2000 (65 FR 39429). The last notification was filed with the Department on May 2, 2006... (71 FR 30960). Patricia A. Brink, Director of Civil Enforcement, Antitrust Division. BILLING CODE P ... circumstances. Specifically, Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA; AMI Semiconductor, Oudenaarrde, Belgium;...

  19. December 1996 Volume 22, Number 4 ComputationalLinguistics

    E-print Network

    Holland, Jonathan D. Kaplan, and Michelle R. Sams Analogical Natural Language. Processing by Daniel Jones The Generative Lexicon by James Pustejovsky Briefly Noted Publications Received Index to Volume 22 R. Harald/TJ Watson Research Center Julian Kupiec, Xerox PaloAlto Research Center Emmanuel Roche, Mitsubishi Electric

  20. 77 FR 2269 - Foreign-Trade Zone 18-San Jose, CA, Application for Subzone, Tesla Motors, Inc. (Electric...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ...-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 18--San Jose, CA, Application for Subzone, Tesla Motors, Inc... purpose subzone status for the electric passenger- vehicle manufacturing facilities of Tesla Motors, Inc. (Tesla), located in Palo Alto and Fremont, California. The application was submitted pursuant to...

  1. NORTHERN CALIFORNIA METALLURGICAL SECTION

    E-print Network

    Wu, Junqiao

    .Williams Monsanto Company St. Peters, Missouri 2:45 BREAK 3:00 "Liquid Crystals, Design and Properties for Display Bubble Devices" Dr. Robert Burmeister Hewl ett-Packard Laboratory Palo Alto, California 4:30 V PANEL Invention of The Transistor-Personal Reminiscences." 2. A panel discussion is tentatively planned following

  2. Effect of Voice-Part Training and Music Complexity on Focus of Attention to Melody or Harmony

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Lindsey R.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible effects of choral voice-part training/experience and music complexity on focus of attention to melody or harmony. Participants (N = 150) were members of auditioned university choral ensembles divided by voice-part (sopranos, n = 44; altos, n = 33; tenors, n = 35; basses, n = 38). The music…

  3. vol. 181, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2013 Evolution of Increased Survival in RNA Viruses

    E-print Network

    Turner, Paul

    when VSV populations specialized on human epithelial carcinoma (HeLa) cells, whereas this trait to shorter-lived HeLa monolayers and/or rapid cell-to-cell spread of viruses on HeLa cells in tissue culture Specialized on Cancer-Derived Cells C. Brandon Ogbunugafor,1,2, * Barry W. Alto,1,3 Thomas M. Overton,1

  4. Communication and Events Service | via Sommarive, 9 -38123 Trento (Italy) | tel. +39 0461 282020, fax +39 0461 281392 comunicazione-collina@unitn.it 1

    E-print Network

    Moschitti, Alessandro

    : Venezia Marco Polo (195 km), Milano Linate (245 km), Milano Malpensa (300 km). Travel in the city (by bus, fax +39 0461 281392 comunicazione-collina@unitn.it 1 The School will take place at the Polo of Trentino Alto-Adige, please visite the Trento Tourist Office website. How to reach the Polo scientifico e

  5. 2011 Asia Value Advisors. All rights reserved Launching Your Social Business

    E-print Network

    © 2011 Asia Value Advisors. All rights reserved Launching Your Social Business: Practical Considerations Be Your Own Boss Seminar at Philo Alto Founder, Asia Value Advisors November 22, 2011 #12;© 2011 Asia Value Advisors. All rights reserved HKUST Survey* Results ­ Total 65% 31% 4% Curious Plan

  6. Sonic Hedgehog Expression in Corticofugal Projection Neurons

    E-print Network

    McConnell, Susan

    Department of Biology Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305, USA *Correspondence: harwellc@stemcell.ucsf.edu (C.C.H.), kriegsteina@stemcell.ucsf.edu (A.R.K.) DOI 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.02.009 SUMMARY The precise

  7. Interspecific adaptation by binary choice at de novo polyomavirus T antigen site through accelerated codon-constrained Val-Ala toggling within an intrinsically disordered region

    PubMed Central

    Lauber, Chris; Kazem, Siamaque; Kravchenko, Alexander A.; Feltkamp, Mariet C.W.; Gorbalenya, Alexander E.

    2015-01-01

    It is common knowledge that conserved residues evolve slowly. We challenge generality of this central tenet of molecular biology by describing the fast evolution of a conserved nucleotide position that is located in the overlap of two open reading frames (ORFs) of polyomaviruses. The de novo ORF is expressed through either the ALTO protein or the Middle T antigen (MT/ALTO), while the ancestral ORF encodes the N-terminal domain of helicase-containing Large T (LT) antigen. In the latter domain the conserved Cys codon of the LXCXE pRB-binding motif constrains codon evolution in the overlapping MT/ALTO ORF to a binary choice between Val and Ala codons, termed here as codon-constrained Val-Ala (COCO-VA) toggling. We found the rate of COCO-VA toggling to approach the speciation rate and to be significantly accelerated compared to the baseline rate of chance substitution in a large monophyletic lineage including all viruses encoding MT/ALTO and three others. Importantly, the COCO-VA site is located in a short linear motif (SLiM) of an intrinsically disordered region, a typical characteristic of adaptive responders. These findings provide evidence that the COCO-VA toggling is under positive selection in many polyomaviruses, implying its critical role in interspecific adaptation, which is unprecedented for conserved residues. PMID:25904630

  8. Social Capital on Facebook: Differentiating Uses and Users

    E-print Network

    Social Capital on Facebook: Differentiating Uses and Users Moira Burke and Robert Kraut Human-Computer Interaction Institute Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213 {moira, robert.kraut} @cmu.edu Cameron Marlow Facebook 1601 S. California Ave. Palo Alto, CA 94301 cameron@fb.com ABSTRACT

  9. Valutazione preliminare del rischio stress lavoro correlato Calcolo Totale Punteggio Rischio

    E-print Network

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    .3 CARICO DI LAVORO - RITMO DI LAVORO 2,24 - 2 II.4 ORARIO DI LAVORO 1,51 - 2 TOTALE PUNTEGGIO AREA 8 - CONCILIAZIONE VITA/LAVORO* 2,31 0,00 0 TOTALE PUNTEGGIO AREA 10,47 10 AREA TOTALE PUNTEGGIO PER AREA ARR RISCHIO 21 Legenda Identificazione fattori di rischio Non rilevante Medio Alto II. AREA CONTENUTO DEL

  10. 27 CFR 12.21 - List of examples of names by country.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... geographic significance under § 4.24(c) (1) and (2) of this chapter. (a) Argentina: Alto Colorado, Valles Calchaquies. (b) Australia: Adelaide, Barossa Valley, Clare Valley, Cowra, Forbes, Geelong, Goulburn Valley... Tart, Clos des Lambrays, Clos Saint-Denis, Collioure, Condrieu, Cornas, Coteaux de l'Aubance,...

  11. 27 CFR 12.21 - List of examples of names by country.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... geographic significance under § 4.24(c) (1) and (2) of this chapter. (a) Argentina: Alto Colorado, Valles Calchaquies. (b) Australia: Adelaide, Barossa Valley, Clare Valley, Cowra, Forbes, Geelong, Goulburn Valley... Tart, Clos des Lambrays, Clos Saint-Denis, Collioure, Condrieu, Cornas, Coteaux de l'Aubance,...

  12. 27 CFR 12.21 - List of examples of names by country.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... geographic significance under § 4.24(c) (1) and (2) of this chapter. (a) Argentina: Alto Colorado, Valles Calchaquies. (b) Australia: Adelaide, Barossa Valley, Clare Valley, Cowra, Forbes, Geelong, Goulburn Valley... Tart, Clos des Lambrays, Clos Saint-Denis, Collioure, Condrieu, Cornas, Coteaux de l'Aubance,...

  13. PREPRINTS AND REPORTS: 1. "Theoretical Study of Nonlinear Combustion Instability: Longitudinal Mode" (Ph.D.

    E-print Network

    Heydari, Payam

    Combustors" (with L. Crocco), AIAA Preprint No. 64-143, Solid Propellant Rocket Conference, Palo Alto, CA. 677, March 1964. 2. "Nonlinear Aspect of Combustion Instability in Liquid Propellant Rocket Motors, Jan. 1964. 4. "Nonlinear Aspects of Combustion Instability in Liquid Propellant Rocket Motors" (with D

  14. Acoustic and Perceptual Measures of SATB Choir Performances on Two Types of Portable Choral Riser Units in Three Singer-Spacing Conditions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daugherty, James F.; Manternach, Jeremy N.; Brunkan, Melissa C.

    2013-01-01

    Under controlled conditions, we assessed acoustically (long-term average spectra) and perceptually (singer survey, listener survey) six performances of an soprano, alto, tenor, and bass (SATB) choir ("N" = 27) as it sang the same musical excerpt on two portable riser units (standard riser step height, taller riser step height) with…

  15. PRISM: PRecision-Integrated Scalable Monitoring Navendu Jain, Dmitry Kit, Prince Mahajan, Praveen Yalagandula

    E-print Network

    Dahlin, Michael D.

    PRISM: PRecision-Integrated Scalable Monitoring Navendu Jain, Dmitry Kit, Prince Mahajan, Praveen of Texas at Austin Palo Alto, CA Abstract This paper describes PRISM, a scalable monitoring ser- vice to large systems. PRISM introduces the notion of conditioned consistency that quantifies imprecision along

  16. PRISM: PRecision-Integrated Scalable Monitoring Navendu Jain, Dmitry Kit, Prince Mahajan, Praveen Yalagandula

    E-print Network

    Dahlin, Michael D.

    PRISM: PRecision-Integrated Scalable Monitoring Navendu Jain, Dmitry Kit, Prince Mahajan, Praveen of Texas at Austin Palo Alto, CA Abstract This paper describes PRISM, a scalable monitoring ser- vice in the face of network and node failures and for scalability to large systems. PRISM quantifies imprecision

  17. Exploring Moral Reasoning in a Cognitive Architecture

    E-print Network

    Langley, Pat

    Exploring Moral Reasoning in a Cognitive Architecture Wayne Iba Computer Science Department and Expertise 2164 Staunton Court, Palo Alto, CA 94306 Abstract Moral reasoning plays a significant but poorly insight on how agents act and reason morally. We present a view of moral cognition and examine one

  18. MODEL FOR AN ASSESSOR BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH* Title + First Name + Middle Name + Last Name (printed by NIS)

    E-print Network

    to perform the on-site assessment. Include experience in quality management, as well as experience in testing Ms. Doe was the Quality Assurance Manager with XYZ Communications, Inc., in Palo Alto CA, and Quality handling various quality management activities such as: laboratory processes, quality planning, lean

  19. Acrilamida en los alimentos y el riesgo de cáncer

    Cancer.gov

    Hoja informativa que examina las investigaciones sobre una posible conexión entre la acrilamida en los alimentos y el riesgo de cáncer. La acrilamida es una sustancia química que se encuentra en ciertos alimentos, a niveles especialmente altos en papitas fritas, papas a la francesa y en otros alimentos que se cocinan a temperaturas altas.

  20. SODA ASH TREATMENT OF NEUTRALIZED MINE DRAINAGE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Utilization of acid mine drainage (AMD) streams as a source of potable and industrial water has become a major goal of several proposed AMD treatment schemes. From among the various schemes available, the lime neutralization/soda ash softening process was selected for use at Alto...

  1. WATER RECLAMATION AND AUTOMATED WATER QUALITY MONITORING

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Santa Clara Valley Water District owns and operates a water reclamation facility located in the Palo Alto Baylands area in Northern California. The purpose of the facility is to provide reclaimed water suitable for injection into the groundwater, thereby providing a salt wate...

  2. The Future of Annotation in a Digital (Paper) World Catherine C. Marshall

    E-print Network

    Marshall, Cathy

    The Future of Annotation in a Digital (Paper) World Catherine C. Marshall Xerox Palo Alto Research of real-world settings and practices. I hesitate to call digital library patrons users, since that population.1 This paper describes three very different communities who might take advantage of new digital

  3. Input to the FESAC Priorities Panel: RF Heating Technology Submitted by

    E-print Network

    by Communications and Power Industries (CPI) of Palo Alto and transmission lines built by GA. The US ITER Project associates. General Atomics and Communications and Power Industries are affiliated with the VLT program and efficiency will be needed for DEMO. Transmission line research investigates the modes of corrugated

  4. Institute of Functional Genomics, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany. Present address: Center for Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

    E-print Network

    Rosenberg, Noah

    address: Center for Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. 3 Stanford Genome Technology Center, Palo Alto, CA. 4 Pulmonary Institute, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zeri n, Israel. 5 Department of Medicine­C, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, Israel. 6 Department of Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture

  5. 1996 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 8-11, 1996, 1140-* On leave from San Jose State University

    E-print Network

    Lin, Tsau Young

    is partially supported by Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California A Set Theory For Soft Science, San Jose State University, San Jose, California 95192-0103, and Berkeley Initiative in Soft Computing, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University of California, Berkeley

  6. A Profound Development in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Board Journal, 1983

    1983-01-01

    In February 1983, Mountain View-Los Altos Union High School District in California's Silicon Valley will link its school computer to privately owned microcomputers in students' homes. Funded by a $75,000 grant from the Atari Foundation, the link will initially help students to match their school records with college admissions requirements. (RW)

  7. Instant Messaging in Teen Life Rebecca E. Grinter

    E-print Network

    Han, Richard Y.

    Instant Messaging in Teen Life Rebecca E. Grinter Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 3333 Coyote Hill as an emerging feature of teen life, focusing our questions on its support of interpersonal communication and its role and salience in everyday life. We qualitatively describe the teens' IM use interpersonally

  8. Bridging paradigms: Spatial hypertext in a document world

    E-print Network

    Shipman, Frank

    Bridging paradigms: Spatial hypertext in a document world Gene Golovchinsky FX Palo Alto Laboratory, it limits the ways in which these resources may be manipulated. It is possible to follow a link to display of spatial hypertext manipulations.1 Yet it should be possible to combine the display of and interaction

  9. L'influenza dell'ambiente linguistico nel processo di acquisizione di un lessico bilingue (Influence of the Linguistic Environment on the Process of Acquiring a Bilingual Vocabulary).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavosi, Ricciarda; Taeschner, Traute

    1987-01-01

    Addresses two questions: (1) When do children who are bilingual from birth become aware that they speak two languages? and (2) What are the factors that lead to this awareness? The subjects in the study described here were Italian/German bilingual children living in the Italian region of Alto Adige. (CFM)

  10. Schools as Sorters: Testing and Tracking in California, 1910-1925.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Paul Davis

    This paper explores the reasons for the rapid adoption of intelligence tests by the public schools, and the historical relationship between testing and ability grouping or tracking. Case studies are presented of three California communities--Oakland, San Jose, and Palo Alto--between 1910 and 1925. These communities have been selected because they…

  11. Nairobi College: Education for Relevance; One Interpretation of the Community Service Function.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miner, Valerie Jane

    Nairobi College, in East Palo Alto, California, is a school concerned with making education relevant to the ghetto community. The school, founded by students, is taught by community members and serves an area that is approximately 80 per cent black. In nine months Nairobi College has enrolled 120 students; 40 instructors offer 25 courses, which…

  12. Support for a Link between the Local Processing Bias and Social Deficits in Autism: An Investigation of Embedded Figures Test Performance in Non-Clinical Individuals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell-Smith, Suzanna N.; Maybery, Murray T.; Bayliss, Donna M.; Sng, Adelln A. H.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was to explore the degree to which specific subsets of autistic-like traits relate to performance on the Embedded Figures Test (Witkin et al. in A manual for the embedded figures test. Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, CA, 1971). In the first group-based investigation with this focus, students were selected…

  13. Imaging Fourier transform spectroscopy with multi-aperture telescopes

    E-print Network

    Fienup, James R.

    Imaging Fourier transform spectroscopy with multi-aperture telescopes Samuel T. Thurman and James R Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304 Abstract: Fourier spectroscopy can be performed with multi Society of America OCIS codes: (300.6300) Spectroscopy, Fourier transforms; (110.6770) Telescopes; (120

  14. Daniel C. Fabrycky Curriculum Vitae

    E-print Network

    Grumman researcher at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, Pasadena, CA 2002-2003 Data collection Simulation research for Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search at Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 2000 of C summer) 2014 Adam Sutherland (U of C spring quarter and summer) 2014 Ningfeng Zhu (U of C, winter

  15. Fast/Fair Mobile Localization in Infrastructure Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-print Network

    Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

    Fast/Fair Mobile Localization in Infrastructure Wireless Sensor Networks Kiran Yedavalli, Bhaskar and Technology Center, Palo Alto, CA, USA We introduce the problem of fast and fair localization of mobile units and fairness of localization and investigate a heuristic algorithm for fast and fair localization. Simulation

  16. Operations on Records Luca Cardelli John C. Mitchell

    E-print Network

    Mitchell, John C.

    , and parametrization by row-variables. The general aim is to provide foundations for concepts found in object for nonprofit educational and research purposes provided that all such whole or partial copies include Corporation in Palo Alto, California; an acknowledgment of the authors and individuals contributors

  17. Pretending Atomicity Leslie Lamport and Fred B. Schneider

    E-print Network

    Lamport ,Leslie

    in part by the Office of Naval Research under contract N00014-86-K-0092, the National Science Foundation is granted for nonprofit educational and research purposes provided that all such whole or partial copies of Digital Equipment Corporation in Palo Alto, California; an acknowledgment of the authors and individual

  18. Pretending Atomicity Leslie Lamport and Fred B. Schneider

    E-print Network

    Borgs, Christian

    Foundation under Grant No. CCR­8701103, and Digital Equipment Corporation. Any opinions, findings of fee is granted for nonprofit educational and research purposes provided that all such whole or partial of Digital Equipment Corporation in Palo Alto, California; an acknowledgment of the authors and individual

  19. 78 FR 64973 - Scientific Earthquake Studies Advisory Committee (SESAC)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ...Pursuant to Public Law 106-503, the Scientific Earthquake Studies Advisory Committee (SESAC) will hold its next meeting at Stanford University, in Palo Alto, California. The Committee is comprised of members from academia, industry, and State government. The Committee shall advise the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) on matters relating to the USGS's participation in the National......

  20. Internalizing the Crisis of Cotton: Organizing Small Farmers in Eastern Paraguay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bray, David; Borda, Dionisio

    1988-01-01

    Describes history, organizational problems and activities of Paraguay's Asociacion de Agricultores de Alto Parana (ASAGRAPA) and Programa de Ayuda Cristiana (PAC), farmer organizations. Details how cotton production losses forced farmers to invent new, varied markets, turning subsistence crops (peanuts, corn, and rice) into cash crops, while…

  1. Profiling and Modeling Resource Usage of Virtualized Applications

    E-print Network

    Simunic, Tajana

    the details of server resources from users, virtualization can optimize resource sharing among appli- cations,shenoy}@cs.umass.edu 2 HP Labs, Palo Alto, {lucy.cherkasova,kivanc.ozonat}@hp.com Abstract Next Generation Data Centers (NGDC) are transforming labor-intensive, hard-coded systems into shared, virtualized, automated

  2. A Logic of Authentication Michael Burrows Mart'in Abadi Roger Needham

    E-print Network

    Chin, Shiu-Kai

    ­key cryptography use an authentication server which shares a key with each principal and typically generates new, both with shared­key cryptography and with public­key cryptography. Some of the examples are chosen is by permission of the Systems Research Center of Digital Equipment Corporation in Palo Alto, California

  3. Howard Gobioff, PhD Mountain View, CA

    E-print Network

    to look for in a job and a company. How to succeed once you get there. This talk will look at those1 Howard Gobioff, PhD Google Mountain View, CA Erik Riedel, PhD hp labs palo alto, ca copyright questions from two different viewpoints - for a job in an industrial research lab, and at an Internet

  4. Esame Scritto, Modulo di Fisica, Corso di Chimica e Fisica Generali, per Biotecnologie 24 Luglio 2013

    E-print Network

    Giannozzi, Paolo

    fondo della ciotola, l'energia meccanica `e puramente cinetica: possiamo scegliere infatti lo zero dell'energia potenziale nel fondo della ciotola, e vale Ek = mv2 /2; nel punto pi`u alto raggiunto dal punto materiale, l'energia meccanica `e puramente potenziale e vale Ei = mgh, dove h = 0.01 m. Dato che l'energia meccanica si conserva

  5. Approximate Convolution Using DCT Coe cient Multipliers

    E-print Network

    Merhav, Neri

    -Packard Laboratories, 1501 Page Mill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. y HP Labs - Israel, Technion City, Haifa 32000, convolution, image enhancement, quan- tization tables. EE Department, Technion, and HP Labs - Israel, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel. This work was done while N. Merhav was on sabbatical leave at Hewlett

  6. Rehabilitation Engineering Center with Research in Controls and Interfaces for Severely Disabled People. Progress Report for Third Year Grant, September 30, 1980-September 29, 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeBlanc, Maurice A.

    The Rehabilitation Engineering Center (Palo Alto, California) has developed a wide range of patient services which provide assistance to the disabled community in northern California and various research activities which have had impact on the disabled population nationally. The Center has three philosophical goals: to assist each child toward as…

  7. The Social Web: Research and

    E-print Network

    Chi, Ed Huai-hsin

    The Social Web: Research and Opportunities Ed H. Chi, Palo Alto Research Center I magine it's 2001 a collaborative hyper- text system for the Web, in which anyone can edit anything they want without having says will become a top 10 Web des- tination. Would you have given him money to try this? The following

  8. 21 CFR 510.600 - Names, addresses, and drug labeler codes of sponsors of approved applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil 060728 Purina Mills, Inc., P.O. Box 66812, St. Louis...Jardim das Bandeiras, CEP 13053-120, Campinas, Sao Alto, Brazil. 060865 Anika Therapeutics Inc., 236 West Cummings...

  9. Vol. 11, No. 12/December 1994/J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3113 Matching color images: the effects

    E-print Network

    Wandell, Brian A.

    Vol. 11, No. 12/December 1994/J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3113 Matching color images: the effects of axialAlto, California94304 Brian A. Wandell Departmentof Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California94305 to compute and to use the wavelength-dependent optical transfer function (OTF) to create color matches

  10. Effect of Dissolved CO2 on a Shallow Groundwater System: A Controlled Release Field Experiment

    E-print Network

    ,§ and Jens T. Birkholzer§ Electric Power Research Institute, 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial sources and injecting the emissions deep underground out of the storage reservoir and resulting acidification and release of trace constituents in shallow

  11. SPARC Assembly Language Reference Manual

    E-print Network

    Tolmach, Andrew

    moyen que ce soit, sans l'autorisation préalable et écrite de Sun et de ses bailleurs de licence, s'il ySPARC Assembly Language Reference Manual Sun Microsystems, Inc. 901 San Antonio Road Palo Alto, CA 94303 U.S.A. Part No: 805­4694--10 October 1998 #12; Copyright 1998 Sun Microsystems, Inc. 901 San

  12. Corrosion Control Using Regenerative Biofilms on Aluminum 2024 and Brass in Different Media

    E-print Network

    Wood, Thomas K.

    Corrosion Control Using Regenerative Biofilms on Aluminum 2024 and Brass in Different Media F Institute, Palo Alto, California 94303, USA The corrosion behavior of Al 2024-T3 and C26000 brass exposed of corrosion rates and an ennoblement of Ecorr were also observed for brass in both media in the presence

  13. Wavelet TCQ: submission to JPEG-2000 Philip J. Sementil1i'', Au Bilgina, James H. Kasnerc, Michael W. Marcellin'

    E-print Network

    Bilgin, Ali

    Wavelet TCQ: submission to JPEG-2000 Philip J. Sementil1i'', Au Bilgina, James H. Kasnerc, MichaelOptivision Inc., 3450 Hiliview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304 ABSTRACT The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG compression --JPEG-2000. This paper describes the Wavelet Trellis Coded Quantization (WTCQ) algorithm

  14. Autonomous Robots in SWAT Applications: Research, Design, and Operations Challenges

    E-print Network

    Autonomous Robots in SWAT Applications: Research, Design, and Operations Challenges Mr. Henry L), the Palo Alto ­ Mountain View (California) Regional Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team, and the MLB challenges that should influence future work. First, the considerable difficulty in building a consistent

  15. Estimating the frequency of extremely energetic solar events, based on solar, stellar, lunar, and terrestrial records

    E-print Network

    Schrijver, Karel

    or less. [3] Solar events have an increasing potential to impact man- kind's technological infrastructure the solar corona 1 Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Palo Alto, California, USA. 2 Swiss FederalEstimating the frequency of extremely energetic solar events, based on solar, stellar, lunar

  16. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 3/10)

    E-print Network

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    material. Ballasts manufactured after 1978, used a PCB substitute or are configured with electronics as an alternative to dielectric fluid. Regardless of the type, ballasts are subject to certain regulatory with the type of lamp (i.e., Spent Phillips Alto

  17. Appendix 2: List of UK Companies Engaged With Particle Physics The technological advances made by Particle Physics are only possible through the close interaction

    E-print Network

    Crowther, Paul

    Portal Monitors (RPMs). [c21] Stevenage Circuits (Stevenage, UK) http://www.stevenagecircuits.co.uk PCBs monitoring. [c19]p dPix (Palo Alto, USA) http://www.dpix.com High-resolution amorphous silicon (a-Si) sensor arrays. [c20] Corus (various UK locations) http://www.corusservices.com Neutron detectors/Radiation

  18. A&A 366, 490--497 (2001) DOI: 10.1051/00046361:20000213

    E-print Network

    2001-01-01

    7789. For eight stars the parameters and abundances of several elements were determined. The cluster. Iron and titanium abundances are in agreement with other photometric and spectroscopic estimates, and Calar Alto Observatory -- CA). Some essential information about our targets and details

  19. Reconocimiento robusto de marcadores artificiales para la navegacion de robots

    E-print Network

    Escolano, Francisco

    ´on del medio permiten a~nadir al sistema un alto grado de flexibilidad, ayudando al robot a tomar pueden comparar distintos histogramas de este tipo para poder llevar a cabo un proceso de reconocimiento experimentos. 2 Histogramas polares Los histogramas polares son definidos como un medio para comparar s

  20. Single-Trial Neural Correlates of Arm Movement Preparation

    E-print Network

    Shenoy, Krishna V.

    green, or to select the appropriate button while playing a video game. Sometimes we are slow in reactingDepartment of Electrical Engineering 2Medical Scientist Training Program 3Department of Bioengineering 4 Unit, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, UK 6Department of Neurosurgery, Palo Alto Medical

  1. Manuela TEMMER Curriculum Vitae Institute of Physics, University of Graz

    E-print Network

    Temmer Manuela

    : - 2015-2016 "ESA-SSA Expert Service Center Heliospheric Weather" (ESA) - 2013-2016 "Quiet solar wind flow://physik.uni-graz.at/en/astrophysik/temmer/ manuela.temmer@uni-graz.at PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: Current position since 10/2010 is Assistant Professor-09/2014 Senior Research Fellow Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Palo Alto, USA Project: Coronal

  2. The list below are those covered by our insurance. The ones with *'s in front of their names are, I think, those that deal more with ages 6-10. The last 4 (all *'d) are farther away.

    E-print Network

    Vakil, Ravi

    · Bulimia Nervos · EAP Substance · Eating Disorder · Grief/Bereavem More BRAUER, ALAN PAUL, MDPsychiatrist 630 UNIVERSITY AVEPALO ALTO, CA 94301-2019650-329-8001Details | Map · Anorexia Nervo · Bulimia Nervos 2055 WOODSIDE RD STE 155REDWOOD CITY, CA 94061-3347650-364-4200Details | Map · Anorexia Nervo · Bulimia

  3. Send comments about this document to: docfeedback@sun.com 15K Dynamic

    E-print Network

    Spruth, Wilhelm G.

    Send comments about this document to: docfeedback@sun.com Sun FireTM 15K Dynamic Reconfiguration (DR) User Guide Part No. 806-6808-11 October 2001, Revision A Sun Microsystems, Inc. 901 San Antonio Road Palo Alto, CA 94303-4900 U.S.A. 650-960-1300 #12;Please Recycle Copyright 2001 Sun Microsystems

  4. Plenary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, John Seely

    2000-01-01

    Presents a biography of John Seely Brown, chief scientist of Xerox Corporation and the director of its Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). Interests include formation of corporate strategy; corporate research, including organizational learning, ethnographies of the workplace, and complex adaptive systems; and human learning and the management of…

  5. Speaking Personally--With John Seely Brown

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Journal of Distance Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This article presents an interview with John Seely Brown, a visiting scholar at the University of Southern California and a former chief scientist of Xerox Corporation and director of its Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)--a position he held for nearly two decades. While head of PARC, Brown expanded the role of corporate research to include such…

  6. ENSINO SUPERIOR MEDIDA APLICA-SE NO PRXIMO ANO LETIVO 428 cursos tm

    E-print Network

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    ENSINO SUPERIOR ¦ MEDIDA APLICA-SE NO PRÓXIMO ANO LETIVO 428 cursos têm de manter vagas ¦ Desemprego alto entre diplomados impede aumento de vagas em 41 por cento dos cursos ·BERNARDO ESTEVES Quase de vagas. A maioria dos 428 cursos afetados pertencem às áreas das ciências sociais e das letras, com

  7. Publishing and Using Cultural Heritage

    E-print Network

    Hyvönen, Eero

    Publishing and Using Cultural Heritage Linked Data on the Semantic Web Copyright © 2012 by Morgan & Claypool, Palo Alto, CA, USA #12;Synthesis Lectures on Semantic Web: Theory and Technology Editors James Web: Theory and Application is edited by James Hendler of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Whether

  8. MEASUREMENTS OF THE 2001 APRIL 15 AND 2005 JANUARY 20 GROUND-LEVEL ENHANCEMENTS BY THE MILAGRO WATER CERENKOV

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    MEASUREMENTS OF THE 2001 APRIL 15 AND 2005 JANUARY 20 GROUND- LEVEL ENHANCEMENTS BY THE MILAGRO WATER CERENKOV DETECTOR BY Trevor Morgan B.S., University of New Hampshire (2004) DISSERTATION Submitted (CDAW) on ground-level enhancements, held in January 2009 in Palo Alto, California, and in November 2009

  9. ~ ComputerGraphics,Volume22, Number4,August1988 Modeling Inelastic Deformation

    E-print Network

    Terzopoulos, Demetri

    , Palo Alto, CA 94304 Abstract We continue our development of physically-based models for animating on the history of applied forces. The present paper proposes inelastically deformable models for use in computer graphics animation. These dynamic mod- els tractably simulate three canonical inelastic behaviors

  10. The Eighth Continent: A Vision for Exploration of the Moon and Beyond

    E-print Network

    Alonso, Juan J.

    The Eighth Continent: A Vision for Exploration of the Moon and Beyond No¨el M. Bakhtian and Alan H., Palo Alto, California 94306 Four decades have passed since man first set foot on the Moon. The ensuing aspiration quickly faded. Should we return to the Moon? Should we visit some other solar system destination

  11. Portugal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eckles, David; Toro, Leonor, Ed.

    Brief information is provided on the region, climate, agriculture and industry of 10 provinces in Portugal: Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, located in Portugal's northeastern region; Beira Alta, the province with Portugal's highest elevation point; Beira Baixa, one of Portugal's poorest regions; Beira Litoral, located in central Portugal along the…

  12. MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 681, pp. 14, 3 figs. Poecilogale albinucha. By Serge Larivie`re

    E-print Network

    Hayssen, Virginia

    her 4-week-old young. Photograph by David T. Rowe-Rowe. Poecilogale Thomas, 1883 Zorilla Gray, 1864:69. Type species Z. albinucha. Poecilogale Thomas, 1883:370. Renaming of Z. albinucha Gray. CONTEXT:400. Type locality ``Golungo Alto, Angola.'' Poecilogale albinucha Thomas, 1883:370. First use of current

  13. Acknowledgments: This work was supported by Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacin

    E-print Network

    Complutense de Madrid, Universidad

    compared with the traditional R´HK index (derive from the Mount Wilson S index) and calibrated with the R of the Calar Alto Observatory and the SARG spectrograph at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (3.56 m) in La Palma Observatory. Additional spectra for other stars have been obtained in public archives

  14. preliminary draft, February 3, 2004 12:43 preliminary draft, February 3, 2004 12:43 TUGboat, Volume 0 (2060), No. 0 preliminary draft, February 3, 2004 12:43 1001

    E-print Network

    Beebe, Nelson H. F.

    2060-01-01

    viewing of TEX-typeset PDF documents; · lunch with the Grand Wizard, at a restaurant in Palo Alto with font engineers at Adobe to discuss problems related to fonts, and font-rendering, with PDF documents produced us- ing (LA)TEX and pdfTEX. A result of this earlier meeting was the improved rendering, as now im

  15. Evaluation of Adjustment Environmental Contract to Pig Production in Pinhal River Sub-Basin

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In 2001, staff and scientists of Embrapa Swine and Poultry Research Center carried out a diagnosis in Alto Uruguai Basin on the number of pig producers with environmental permit. At that time, 95% of farms did not have permission and only 5% of these farms had the proper permission to operate. Becau...

  16. Published: June 06, 2011 r 2011 American Chemical Society 382 dx.doi.org/10.1021/co200012w |ACS Comb. Sci. 2011, 13, 382390

    E-print Network

    Curtarolo, Stefano

    Database of Electronic Band Structures for Inorganic Scintillator Materials Wahyu Setyawan, Romain M. Gaume and Materials Science, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305 § Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science

  17. In: Cowan, J. D., Tesauro, G., and Alspector, J., eds., Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 6, San Mateo, CA, Morgan

    E-print Network

    Tresp, Volker

    Siemens AG Central Research 81730 M¨unchen Germany tresp@zfe.siemens.de Subutai Ahmad Interval Research Corporation 1801-C Page Mill Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304 ahmad@interval.com Ralph Neuneier Siemens AG Central Research 81730 M¨unchen Germany ralph@zfe.siemens.de Abstract We analyze how data with uncertain or missing

  18. CAIRN/DARTnet Collaboration David L. Mills

    E-print Network

    Mills, David L.

    CMUNETSTAR CISCO-E BBN IPSILON UDEL MIT ISI DARPAISIE CISCO-W LBL UCB MCI-R ANL TIOC SDSCPARC SRI BELL UCL Naval Research Labs BELL Bellcore PARC Xerox Palo Alto Res Ctr CISCO-E Cisco Systems - East SAIC Science App International CISCO-W Cisco Systems - West SDSC San Diego Supercomp Ctr CMU Carnegie Mellon Univ

  19. CAIRN/DARTnet Collaboration

    E-print Network

    Mills, David L.

    98) UCSC CMU NETSTAR CISCO­E BBN IPSILON UDEL MIT ISI DARPA ISIE CISCO­W LBL UCB MCI­R ANL TIOC SDSC Newman NRL­V6 Naval Research Labs BELL Bellcore PARC Xerox Palo Alto Res Ctr CISCO­E Cisco Systems ­ East SAIC Science App International CISCO­W Cisco Systems ­West SDSC San Diego Supercomp Ctr CMU Carnegie

  20. Parallel Changes: Detecting Semantic Interferences G. Lorenzo Thione

    E-print Network

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    be detected by considering the two sets of changes in reverse-time order. Keywords: Parallel changes, local to understand the changes made under these kinds of constraints. In this paper, we present a local changeParallel Changes: Detecting Semantic Interferences G. Lorenzo Thione FX Palo Alto Laboratory 3400

  1. Curriculum sintetico di Flavio Vetrano Professore Ordinario in Fisica Universit di Urbino (for the English version scroll down the pages)

    E-print Network

    Lattanzi, Emanuele

    'ambito di una collaborazione, con scambio di giovani ricercatori, con il gruppo di I. Prigogine e G. Nicolis the English version scroll down the pages) Nato in Genova (I) l'1 Gennaio 1946 Membro (e/o già Membro) di in Italia con controllo completo di tutti i parametri con prestazioni ad alto livello; la ricerca è stata

  2. Simulation Packages Expand Aircraft Design Options

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2013-01-01

    In 2001, NASA released a new approach to computational fluid dynamics that allows users to perform automated analysis on complex vehicle designs. In 2010, Palo Alto, California-based Desktop Aeronautics acquired a license from Ames Research Center to sell the technology. Today, the product assists organizations in the design of subsonic aircraft, space planes, spacecraft, and high speed commercial jets.

  3. Air Quality Impacts of Distributed Energy Resources Implemented in the Northeastern United States

    E-print Network

    Dabdub, Donald

    of California­Irvine, Irvine, CA Eladio Knipping and Naresh Kumar Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto for electricity production, as well as providing an al- ternative to power generation to meet the increasing elec Marc Carreras-Sospedra and Donald Dabdub Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The Henry

  4. A DiskPacking Algorithm for an Origami Magic Trick \\Lambda

    E-print Network

    Demaine, Erik

    packing, or more precisely disk place­ ment, has also been applied to origami design, most notably by Lang Bern and Eppstein [3] with an origami design algorithm from Lang [13]. 2 Disk Packing Let PA Disk­Packing Algorithm for an Origami Magic Trick \\Lambda M. BERN Xerox Palo Alto Research Center

  5. Adoption of Energy Conservation among California Homeowners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonard-Barton, Dorothy; Rogers, Everett M.

    In spring 1977, just as California was emerging from one of the worst droughts in its history, 215 Palo Alto homeowners were interviewed about their views on energy and water conservation, and about the extent to which they had adopted 11 energy-conserving practices (ECP) in the home. The objective was to discover variables both important to…

  6. BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY Alterations in functional connectivity for language

    E-print Network

    adolescents Robin J. Schafer,1 Cheryl Lacadie,1 Betty Vohr,2 Shelli R. Kesler,3 Karol H. Katz,4,5 Karen C for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA 4 Department prematurely (n = 22; 600­1250 g birth weight), without neonatal brain injury on neonatal cranial ultrasound

  7. www.cineca.it Come consultare il corso online

    E-print Network

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    account Per accedere alla piattaforma di e-learning e fruire dei corsi online devi possedere un account (ovvero username e password). Per crearti un account segui i seguenti passi. · Accedi alla pagina web http://elearning. · Accedi alla pagina web http://elearning.ugov.it · Seleziona il link "Login" presente in alto a destra

  8. Human Language Technologies: The 2015 Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL, pages 13171322, Denver, Colorado, May 31 June 5, 2015. c 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    , pages 1317­1322, Denver, Colorado, May 31 ­ June 5, 2015. c 2015 Association for Computational , Lin Zhao2 1 Computer Science Department, The University of Texas at Dallas Richardson, Texas 75080, USA 2 Research and Technology Center, Robert Bosch LLC Palo Alto, California 94304, USA {chenli

  9. Dealing Cards in Poker Games Philippe Golle

    E-print Network

    Golle, Philippe

    1 Dealing Cards in Poker Games Philippe Golle Palo Alto Research Center pgolle@parc.com Abstract-- This paper proposes a new protocol for shuffling and dealing cards, that is designed specifically for games card-shuffling protocols: 1) cards in poker games are dealt in rounds, with betting in-between, rather

  10. Supplementary Materials & Methods fMRI study of cat visual cortex.

    E-print Network

    Tong, Frank

    a 9.4 Tesla Varian (Palo Alto, CA) MR system, with a custom-built surface coil (1.6 cm diameter pattern analysis were performed as for the human data, described below. Univariate statistical analysis" frequencies for a time course of N time points is distributed as an F-statistic with 2 and N-2 degrees

  11. Precambrian Research 238 (2013) 1841 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-print Network

    2013-01-01

    and dioritic enclaves of the ca. 2130 Ma Alto Maranhão suite: Evidence for a major juvenile crustal addition Mantle wedge melting High-Mg tonalites and diorites Brazil a b s t r a c t Combined field observations and commingled dioritic mafic magmatic enclaves (MME), occupies an esti- mated area of >300 km2 in the southern

  12. 76 FR 2921 - In the Matter of Certain Inkjet Ink Supplies and Components Thereof; Notice of Commission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ... Canoga Park, California (``InkPlusToner''); Mipo International Ltd. of Kowloon, Hong Kong (``Mipo... are or will be available for inspection during official business hours (8:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m.) in the..., 2009, based on a complaint filed by Hewlett-Packard Company of Palo Alto, California (``HP''). 74...

  13. Segmental and Intonational Evidence for a Los Angeles Chicano Spanish Vernacular

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrade, Argelia

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation has two complementary objectives. First, the present study provides a contemporary reading of "hispanista" research about Mexican Spanish, including Chicano Spanish. In addition, this dissertation presents an overview and analysis of intonational findings of both Mexican Spanish (from the Los Altos region in Jalisco)…

  14. Nome e Cognome: Appello di Informatica

    E-print Network

    Dal Palù, Alessandro

    ha un tempo di accesso pi`u alto del tempo di accesso alla memoria principale. a. vero b. falso 5 quanto di tempo b. effettua una chiamata di I/O c. l'operazione di I/O richiesta `e terminata d. la CPU

  15. Lymphoma Steering Committee Roster

    Cancer.gov

    Co-chairs Ranjana Advani, M.D. Stanford University Medical Center Palo Alto, CA Thomas Witzig, M.D. Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN Members Stephen Ansell, M.D., Ph.D. Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN Nancy Bartlett, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine St.

  16. LOW-COMPLEXITY RATE-DISTORTION OPTIMIZED VIDEO STREAMING Jacob Chakareski*

    E-print Network

    Girod, Bernd

    LOW-COMPLEXITY RATE-DISTORTION OPTIMIZED VIDEO STREAMING Jacob Chakareski* , John Apostolopoulos , and Bernd Girod* Streaming Media Systems Group Hewlett-Packard Labs, Palo Alto, CA 94304 * Information for low-complexity rate-distortion (R-D) optimized streaming of packetized video. These techniques enable

  17. A Recorded Aid for Braille Music. Paper No. 3. The Prospectus Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, S. Joseph

    The Recorded Aid for Braille Music is designed to teach instrumental music to visually handicapped students through the integration of tape recordings with established methods of reading braille music notation and playing by ear. Packages of instructional materials for clarinet, flute, alto saxophone, trumpet, and trombone contain the recording,…

  18. Flute! Middle School Day Camp 2015 June 12-13, 2015

    E-print Network

    Hi Ma Flute! Middle School Day Camp 2015 June 12-13, 2015 Flute! Middle School Day Camp 2015 Clardy in every session, and flute choir rehearsals add the opportunity to try other members of the flute family (piccolo, alto flute and bass flute) and build ensemble skills, with a final camp concert of music

  19. Andante q=90 Andante q=90

    E-print Network

    Bird, Peter

    , and recorded. Simeon's hymn (Nunc dimittis) SOPRANO ALTO TENOR BASS Organ Flute Reed 8 Org. R.H.: L.H. R.H.: 14, duplicated, performed, and recorded. Simeon's hymn (Nunc dimittis) Flute Reed 7 R.H.: L.H. 11 R.H.: L.H. A16

  20. Intelligent Simulation Tools for Mining Large Scienti c Data Sets 1 Intelligent Simulation Tools for Mining

    E-print Network

    Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

    Intelligent Simulation Tools for Mining Large Scienti#12;c Data Sets 1 Intelligent Simulation Tools for Mining Large Scienti#12;c Data Sets Feng ZHAO Xerox Palo Alto Research Center 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo. Keywords Intelligent simulation, Scienti#12;c data mining, Qualitative reasoning, Reasoning about physical

  1. Released on receipt but intended for use

    E-print Network

    , including cirrus and cirro stratus; (2) intermediate clouds, comprising cirro-cumuius, dto-cwnulus and alto _CLOUD CLASSIFICATION It was the British meteorologist Ralph Abercromby who, through the many Photographs of clouds taken in the course of his world-wide travels, proved that the forms of clouds are the same

  2. Grids for Enterprise Applications Jerry Rolia, Jim Pruyne, Xiaoyun Zhu, and Martin Arlitt

    E-print Network

    Feitelson, Dror

    Grids for Enterprise Applications Jerry Rolia, Jim Pruyne, Xiaoyun Zhu, and Martin Arlitt Hewlett Packard Labs, 1501 Page Mill Rd., Palo Alto, CA, USA, 94304 Abstract Enterprise applications implement the role of Grid technologies in increasing the utilization and agility of enterprise infrastructure

  3. CARMENES science preparation: low--resolution spectroscopy of M dwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; Montes, D.; Caballero, J. A.; Klutsch, A.; Mundt, R.; Córtes-Contreras, M.; Morales, J. C.; Quirrenbach, A.; Amado, P. J.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.

    2015-05-01

    CARMENES is the new optical/near-infrared spectrograph at Calar Alto observatory. The identification of the most promising targets for exoplanet hunting is a crucial first step to ensure an efficient use of the CARMENES guaranteed time. To achieve this, we obtained low-resolution (R ˜ 1500) spectra of 752 M (and late K) dwarfs, mostly fainter than J = 9 mag, using the CAFOS spectrograph of the 2.2 m telescope at Calar Alto observatory. We derived spectral types with 0.5 subtypes accuracy combining the spectral indices technique and the best-fit & ?^2 matches. We also studied metallicity and surface gravity through spectral indices, and activity from the pseudo-equivalent width of the H? line. We identified high-activity, low-metallicity and low-gravity stars, which should be discarded for exoplanet searches. Here we present preliminary results.

  4. FIRST Quantum-(1980)-Computing DISCOVERY in Siegel-Rosen-Feynman-...A.-I. Neural-Networks: Artificial(ANN)/Biological(BNN) and Siegel FIRST Semantic-Web and Siegel FIRST ``Page''-``Brin'' ``PageRank'' PRE-Google Search-Engines!!!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosen, Charles; Siegel, Edward Carl-Ludwig; Feynman, Richard; Wunderman, Irwin; Smith, Adolph; Marinov, Vesco; Goldman, Jacob; Brine, Sergey; Poge, Larry; Schmidt, Erich; Young, Frederic; Goates-Bulmer, William-Steven; Lewis-Tsurakov-Altshuler, Thomas-Valerie-Genot; Ibm/Exxon Collaboration; Google/Uw Collaboration; Microsoft/Amazon Collaboration; Oracle/Sun Collaboration; Ostp/Dod/Dia/Nsa/W.-F./Boa/Ubs/Ub Collaboration

    2013-03-01

    Belew[Finding Out About, Cambridge(2000)] and separately full-decade pre-Page/Brin/Google FIRST Siegel-Rosen(Machine-Intelligence/Atherton)-Feynman-Smith-Marinov(Guzik Enterprises/Exxon-Enterprises/A.-I./Santa Clara)-Wunderman(H.-P.) [IBM Conf. on Computers and Mathematics, Stanford(1986); APS Mtgs.(1980s): Palo Alto/Santa Clara/San Francisco/...(1980s) MRS Spring-Mtgs.(1980s): Palo Alto/San Jose/San Francisco/...(1980-1992) FIRST quantum-computing via Bose-Einstein quantum-statistics(BEQS) Bose-Einstein CONDENSATION (BEC) in artificial-intelligence(A-I) artificial neural-networks(A-N-N) and biological neural-networks(B-N-N) and Siegel[J. Noncrystalline-Solids 40, 453(1980); Symp. on Fractals..., MRS Fall-Mtg., Boston(1989)-5-papers; Symp. on Scaling..., (1990); Symp. on Transport in Geometric-Constraint (1990)

  5. Near infrared H and K' surface photometry of three Tully-Fisher calibrators: NGC 2366, NGC 2403 and NGC 4236

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pierini, D.; Gavazzi, G.; Boselli, A.; Tuffs, R.

    1997-10-01

    Near Infrared H and K' surface photometry of the three nearby galaxies NGC 2366, NGC 2403 and NGC 4236, used as local calibrators of the Tully-Fisher relation, was obtained using the 256^2 NICMOS3 IR array MAGIC attached to the 2.2 m telescope of Calar Alto. The present measurements are compared with the aperture photometry available in the literature. Surface brightness profiles and integrated magnitudes are given. The tables are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract t.html Based on observations taken at the Calar Alto Observatory, operated by the Max Planck Institut fur Astronomie (Heidelberg) jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy.

  6. Spectroscopic Confirmation of Nova Candidates in M31

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pietsch, W.; Burwitz, V.; Greiner, J.; Rau, A.; Sala, G.; Bender, R.; Fliri, J.; Riffeser, A.; Seitz, S.; Alises, M.; Aguirre, A.; Cardiel, N.; Hoyo, F.

    2006-07-01

    We report on the spectroscopic confirmation of four recent optical nova candidates in M31 using the 2.2 m telescope and the Calar Alto Faint Object Spectrograph CAFOS at CAHA on Calar Alto, Spain. The spectra covered the range 400-850 nm (G-200), 490-780 nm (G-100) and 320-580 nm (B-100). The outburst of the apparent nova M31N 2006-06a (RA=00:43:11.81, dec= +41:13:44.7 (J2000)) occurred between May 12 and May 22, 2006 with an R band magnitude of 17.6 and white light magnitude of 18.0 at maximum (ATel #821, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/iau/CBAT_M31.html , and ATel #844).

  7. Constraints on an Optical Afterglow and on Supernova Light Following the Short Burst GRB 050813

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ferrero, P.; Sanchez, S. F.; Kann, D. A.; Klose, S.; Greiner, J.; Gorosabel, J.; Hartmann, D. H.; Henden, A. A.; Moller, P.; Palazzi, E.; Rau, A.; Stecklum, B.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Fynbok J. P. U.; Hjorth, J.; Jakobsson, P.; Kouveliotou, C.; Masetti, N.; Pian, E.; Tanvir, N. R.; Wijers, R. A. M. J.

    2006-01-01

    We report early follow-up observations of the error box of the short burst 050813 using the telescopes at Calar Alto and at Observatorio Sierra Nevada (OSN), followed by deep VLT/FORS2 I-band observations obtained under very good seeing conditions 5.7 and 11.7 days after the event. No evidence for a GRB afterglow was found in our Calar Alto and OSN data, no rising supernova component was detected in our FORS2 images. A potential host galaxy can be identified in our FORS2 images, even though we cannot state with certainty its association with GRB 050813. IN any case, the optical afterglow of GRB 050813 was very faint, well in agreement with what is known so far about the optical properties of afterglows of short bursts. We conclude that all optical data are not in conflict with the interpretation that GRB 050813 was a short burst.

  8. LUISA BRESSAN . . . Poesie

    E-print Network

    Bressan, Alberto

    'azzurro . . . 1 #12;Si lasciano appena sfiorare la corde della chitarra sotto la mano veloce . . . nell'aria'autunno. Pi`u in alto nell'aria respiri: sei l'arco danzante del violino, sei il volo pi`u audace del passero tra le vostre dita ed `e una fitta nell'aria . . . (Parigi, 1987) 4 #12;M'ha teso la mano il sole

  9. Air Conditioner Efficiency Under Hot Dry and Hot Humid Conditions - The Utility Perspective 

    E-print Network

    Amarnath, A.

    2008-01-01

    @epri.com Phone: (650) 855-1007 Energy efficient residential air conditioning is important to utilities and their customers. In almost all parts of the U.S., an air conditioner for a dwelling has a high peak demand compared to its annual use of electricity... Efficiency under Hot Dry and Hot Humid Conditions - The Utility Perspective Ammi Amarnath Technical Leader, Energy Efficiency & Demand Response Program Electric Power Research Institute 3420 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 E-mail: aamarnath...

  10. Top-to-Bottom Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Lynn

    2007-01-01

    When Erik G. Brown launched his teaching career at the Cesar Chavez Academy in East Palo Alto, California, four years ago, he was not alone. Seventy-five percent of the teachers in the 400-student middle school were new to the district, and two-thirds of those were new to the field. The school had gone through six principals in six years, and its…

  11. After the Coup: Four Dramatic Versions of Allende's Chile

    E-print Network

    Layera, Ramó n

    1978-10-01

    about the Allende years illustrate the paradox inherent in Augusto Boal's proposition.1 Victor Torres' Una casa en Lota Alto, Sergio Vodanovic's Igual que antes {Same As Ever, 1972-73), Jorge Díaz' Mear contra el viento (Piss against the Wind, 1972... and produces in Mear contra el viento an intensely political indictment of multinational and United States involvement in the affairs of Chile. Sergio Vodanovic and Alejandro Sieveking, obviously more concerned with artistic questions and less politically...

  12. Luca Cossaro -M31 Italia s.r.l. SISTEMA INTEGRATO/DISTRIBUITO DI

    E-print Network

    Schenato, Luca

    /TEMPORANEO Wi-Fi ZigBee Mesh ZigBee Mesh LUCA COSSARO - M31 ITALIA S.R.L. 429/11/2010 #12;CARATTERISTICHE dei materiali utilizzati · In cui gli impianti non possano essere modificati · Alto numero di Mote ZigBee-esistenti LUCA COSSARO - M31 ITALIA S.R.L. 729/11/2010 #12;ACQUISIZIONE DEI DATI · Mobile / Temporanea · ZigBee

  13. Photometric follow-up of transiting exoplanets with the INTA-CAB robotic telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ullán, A.; Eibe, M. T.; Cuesta, L.; Pérez-Verde, A.; Navas, J.

    2013-05-01

    We present some photometric results obtained by our group as part of a photometric follow-up of transiting exoplanets carried out with the INTA-CAB 50-cm robotic telescope at Calar Alto Observatory (Almería, Spain). We show light curves of WASP-10, HATP-20 and HATP-32 and, after that, we fit our results with theoretical models in order to obtain some parameters as the central times of transits, depths and the transit durations of this extrasolar planets.

  14. VizieR Online Data Catalog: CARMENES input catalogue of M dwarfs. I (Alonso-Floriano+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; Morales, J. C.; Caballero, J. A.; Montes, D.; Klutsch, A.; Mundt, R.; Cortes-Contreras, M.; Ribas, I.; Reiners, A.; Amado, P. J.; Quirrenbach, A.; Jeffers, S. V.

    2015-03-01

    List of 753 late-type stars, mostly M dwarfs, observed with the low-resolution optical spectrograph CAFOS at the 2.2m Calar Alto telescope for the preparation of the CARMENES input catalogue (http://carmenes.caha.es/). We provide basic data, observation parameters, spectral-typing indices, zeta metallicity index, H? pseudo-equivalent width, spectral type from the literature, and our accurate adopted spectral type. (4 data files).

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Gas kinematics in CALIFA survey (Garcia-Lorenzo+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia-Lorenzo, B.; Marquez, I.; Barrera-Ballesteros, J. K.; Masegosa, J.; Husemann, B.; Falcon-Barroso, J.; Lyubenova, M.; Sanchez, S. F.; Walcher, J.; Mast, D.; Garcia-Benito, R.; Mendez-Abreu, J.; van de Ven, G.; Spekkens, K.; Holmes, L.; Monreal-Ibero, A.; Del Olmo, A.; Ziegler, B.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Sanchez-Blazquez, P.; Iglesias-Paramo, J.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Papaderos, P.; Gomes, J. M.; Marino, R. A.; Gonzalez Delgado, R. M.; Cortijo-Ferrero, C.; Lopez-Sanchez, A. R.; Bekeraite, S.; Wisotzki, L.; Bomans, D.; CALIFA Team

    2015-02-01

    The galaxies presented in this work are included in the CALIFA survey mother sample (Sanchez et al., 2012A&A...538A...8S), that comprises 939 galaxies selected from the SDSS DR7 (Abazajian et al., 2009ApJS..182..543A). Observations were carried out using the PMAS fiber Package (PPak) of the Potsdam Multi-Aperture Spectrophotometer (PMAS) at the 3.5m telescope of the Calar Alto Observatory (Almeria, Spain). (3 data files).

  16. Diversity of Graduates from Professional Degree Programs: The Challenge of Achieving Diverse Applicant Pools and Implementing Successful Recruiting Efforts 

    E-print Network

    Foley, Kathryn; Gallagher, Kallie; Manzano, Magdalena; Meyers, Haileigh; Szabo, Szende; Wantwadi, Peggy; Zheng, Yanzhe

    2010-01-01

    (1997-2006). Table 1 Top 20 institutions for Ph.D?s awarded to U.S. citizens during the most recent 10 year period Institution City, State # of Graduates University of California-Berkeley Berkeley, California 5621 University of Texas at Austin..., Minnesota 4022 University of California-Los Angeles Los Angeles, California 4013 Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts 3691 University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign Urbana-Champaign, Illinois 3535 Stanford University Palo Alto, California...

  17. Power Conditioning and Control Applications for Energy Conservation 

    E-print Network

    Brushwood, J. S.

    1982-01-01

    AND CONTROL APPLICATIONS FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION John S. Brushwood Electric Power Research Institute Palo Alto, california ABSTRACT Electrical power conditioning and control (PCC) systems are finding cost effective applications in AC motor drives... logy has kept inverter drives uncompetitive with dc drives. However, the cost of energy has changed the economics of many applications. The ability to retrofit an AC driven pump or fan with an inverter represents a new growth area. In recent years...

  18. CALIFA: The local extragalactic universe unveiled

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosales-Ortega, F. F.; Sánchez, S. F.

    2014-10-01

    Through the huge success of spectroscopic single-fiber, statistical surveys of the Local Universe in the last decade, it has become clear, that an authoritative observational description of galaxies will involve measuring their spatially resolved properties over their full optical extent for a statistically significant sample. The Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area Survey (CALIFA) survey was designed to provide a first step in this direction.

  19. Network Friendly P2P-TV: The Napa-Wine Approach L. Abeni2, A. Bakay4, M. Biazzini2, R. Birke1, E. Leonardi1, R. Lo Cigno2, C. Kiraly2, M. Mellia1,

    E-print Network

    Network Friendly P2P-TV: The Napa-Wine Approach L. Abeni2, ´A. Bakay4, M. Biazzini2, R. Birke1, E. Fig. 1. Logical architecture of a P2P live streaming system interacting with an ALTO server The Napa-Wine of the candidates, or the same list with some metrics associated. II. THE NAPA-WINE CLIENT Fig. 2 presents

  20. Network Friendly P2P-TV: The Napa-Wine Approach L. Abeni1, A. Bakay4, M. Biazzini1, R. Birke2, E. Leonardi2, R. Lo Cigno1, C. Kiraly1, M. Mellia2,

    E-print Network

    Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

    Network Friendly P2P-TV: The Napa-Wine Approach L. Abeni1, ´A. Bakay4, M. Biazzini1, R. Birke2, E. Fig. 1. Logical architecture of a P2P live streaming system interacting with an ALTO server The Napa-Wine of the candidates, or the same list with some metrics associated. II. THE NAPA-WINE CLIENT Fig. 2 presents

  1. Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 23, Number 2: Book Reviews

    E-print Network

    1990-04-01

    forman la base de su análisis: cainismo, problemática de la identidad nacional y sexual, esquemas contrastivos que subrayan la tensión entre lo masculino y lo femenino, lo positivo y lo negativo, el movimiento centrípeto y el centrífugo, la docilidad y... alcanzar altos niveles como jefa revolucionaria a pesar de ser el personaje de menor coeficiente intelectual; el director teatral es "rehabilitado" por sus preferencias sexuales en Cuba; y el mismo climax de la pieza es altamente irónico: el director...

  2. NIR observations of V404 Cyg with PANIC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaw, A. W.; Knigge, C.; Meisenheimer, K.; Ibanez, J. M.

    2015-07-01

    We report on NIR photometry of the black hole X-ray transient, V404 Cyg during its current outburst (GCN #17929). The source was observed between 27 Jun 22:47 UT - 29 Jun UT 02:28 with the PANoramic Near Infrared Camera (PANIC) on the 2.2m telescope at the Centro Astron & oacute;mico Hispano-Alem & aacute;n (CAHA) on Calar Alto, Spain.

  3. Factors Influencing Water Heating Energy Use and Peak Demand in a Large Scale Residential Monitoring Study 

    E-print Network

    Bouchelle, M. P.; Parker, D. S.; Anello, M. T.

    2000-01-01

    be exploited to help control winter peak demand. n 122 TheowLaboratorv Measurements Detail measurements of hot water tank standby losses were performed in an environmental chamber by Ek at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) (1984). BPA showed... Heaters," ERGH-84-21, Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR. EPRI, 1997. "EPRI Hot Water Consumption Study Refutes Common Assumptions," Elecmc Water Heatine News, EPRI, Palo Alto, CA, Summer. Haeri, M. H. and E. Gervais, 1992. "Assessing...

  4. Limited variation during circulation of a polyomavirus in the human population involves the COCO-VA toggling site of Middle and Alternative T-antigen(s).

    PubMed

    Kazem, Siamaque; Lauber, Chris; van der Meijden, Els; Kooijman, Sander; Kravchenko, Alexander A; Feltkamp, Mariet C W; Gorbalenya, Alexander E

    2016-01-01

    We have recently shown that the trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus (TSPyV) belongs to a large monophyletic group of mammalian polyomaviruses that experienced accelerated codon-constrained Val-Ala (COCO-VA) toggling at a protein site common to both Middle and Alternative T-antigens (MT/ALTO). Here we analyzed thirteen, mostly newly sequenced TSPyV genomes, representing ~40% of reported TS disease cases world-wide. We found two deletions and 30 variable sites (?0.6%) that included only four sites with non-synonymous substitutions (NSS). One NSS site was under positive selection in the exon shared by Small and Middle T antigens, while three others were segregated in MT/ALTO. Two MT/ALTO sites covaried with five sites elsewhere in the genome and determined separation of twelve TSPyVs into two most populous phylogenetic lineages. The other, most distant TSPyV was distinguished by NSS at the COCO-VA site, observed for the first time during intra-species evolution. Our findings reveal a connection between micro- and macro-evolution of polyomaviruses. PMID:26519899

  5. The interacting pair Mkn 305/306

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dietrich, Matthias

    1990-01-01

    Direct images and spectra at different slit positions of the interacting system Mkn 305/306 are discussed. Both galaxies show starburst properties due to tidal interaction. The morphology and velocity structure of Mkn 306 reveals the strongest warp of a stellar disk so far known. The galaxies Mkn 305 and Mkn 306 form a double system with 30 arcsec separation and having a common envelope at m sub B greater than or equal to 24.5. Furthermore a small tidal tail west of Mkn 305A, an isophote twist of Mkn 305 and the near identical redshifts of the two galaxies prove that this is a physical pair. Mkn 306 itself was classified as a double nucleus galaxy (Petrosyan et al., 1978). The optical morphology of Mkn 306 has the form of an integral sign which is similar to the radio morphology of strongly warped galaxies (Bottema et al., 1987). But in the optical the warp of the stellar component is normally far weaker than in the radio for the HI-gas. Therefore the authors investigate whether the double nucleus structure of Mkn 306 is real or an artifact due to an extreme warp in the optical. The origin for the warp phenomenon is not clear yet. Direct images of the galaxy system were taken with the Calar Alto 2.2m telescope in the B-band and at La Silla in the r-band using the 2.2m telescope; low dispersion spectra (240 A/mm) as well as high dispersion spectra (56 A/mm) for studying the velocity field were taken with the Calar Alto 3.5m telescope at different position angles. Also a spectrum of Mkn 305 was taken at Calar Alto with the 3.5m telescope covering the whole spectral range (240 A/mm).

  6. Changes in stream chemistry and nutrient export following a partial harvest in the Catskill Mountains, New York, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wang, X.; Burns, D.A.; Yanai, R.D.; Briggs, R.D.; Germain, R.H.

    2006-01-01

    Clearcut forest harvesting typically results in large changes in stream water chemistry in northeastern North America. The effects of partial forest harvests on stream chemistry have not received as much attention, even though partial cutting is a more common forestry practice than clearcutting in this region. Changes in stream water chemistry following a partial cut are reported here from a 10 ha study catchment in a northern hardwood forest in the Catskill Mountains of southern New York, and are compared to those of a nearby 48 ha reference catchment. The lower two thirds of the treatment catchment was harvested in February-April 2002 by a shelterwood method, such that 33% of the basal area of the catchment was removed. Stream NO3-, NH4+, Ca2+, K+, and total dissolved aluminum (Alto) concentrations increased significantly after the harvest. Stream Ca2+, Mg2+ and NH4+ concentrations peaked 5 months after the initiation of the harvest, NO 3- and K+ concentrations peaked 6 months after cutting, and Alto concentrations peaked 1 year after cutting. Streamflow was not significantly affected by the harvest when compared to the flow of three nearby streams. Export of NO3- in stream water increased five-fold the year after the cut, and briefly exceeded atmospheric inputs of inorganic nitrogen during 4 months in the fall of 2002. Changes in stream NO3- and K+ concentrations were less than predicted by the relative basal area removed compared with those of a recent nearby clearcut. In contrast, changes in Ca2+, Mg 2+ and Alto concentrations were approximately proportional to basal area removal in these two cuts. Stream chemistry returned to values close to those of the pre-cut period and to reference values by early spring of 2003, just over a year after the initiation of the harvest, except for NO 3- concentrations, which remained elevated above background 18-20 months after completion of the cut.

  7. The 20 x 20 high speed microwave switches

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Saunders, A.

    1984-01-01

    Tests were conducted at NASA Lewis Research Center to characterize the proof-of-concept matrix switches built under NASA contract by Ford Aerospace and Aeronautics Corporation at Palo Alto, California, and the General Electric Company at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. The contract requirements and goals are tabulated along with the results of the NASA tests. Characteristics examined are bandwidth, insertion loss, ripple, switching speed, isolation, standing wave ratio (input and output), deviation from linear phase, noise figure, reconfiguration rates, spurious responses, gain compression, and third order intermodulation distortion. A brief description of the testing method and a statistical analysis of the test results for each of the switches are provided.

  8. Three new species of Thrasychiroides Soares & Soares, 1947 from Brazilian Mountains (Opiliones, Eupnoi, Neopilionidae).

    PubMed

    Pinto-da-Rocha, Ricardo; Bragagnolo, Cibele; Tourinho, Ana Lúcia

    2014-01-01

    Three new species of the genus Thrasychiroides are described from the Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest mountains: Thrasychiroides moporanga sp. nov. (type locality: Reserva Biologica de Alto da Serra de Paranapiacaba, State of São Paulo), T. toryba sp. nov. (type locality: São Francisco de Paula, State of Rio Grande do Sul) and T. ybytyra sp. nov. (type locality: Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, State of Minas Gerais). The male genital of Thrasychiroides brasilicus Soares & Soares, 1947 is illustrated for the first time. A remarkable structure on the penis of Thrasychiroides species is described and defined as pair of "arms", also considered a putative synapomorphy of the genus. PMID:25283931

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Chemical abundance of 12 stars in open clusters (Carrera+, 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carrera, R.; Pancino, E.

    2011-09-01

    Using high-resolution (R~30000), high-quality (S/N>=60 per pixel), we obtained spectra for twelve stars in four open clusters with the fibre spectrograph FOCES, at the 2.2 Calar Alto Telescope in Spain.We employ a classical equivalent-width analysis to obtain accurate abundances of sixteen elements: Al, Ba, Ca, Co, Cr, Fe, La,Mg, Na, Nd, Ni, Sc, Si, Ti, V, and Y.We derived oxygen abundances derived by means of spectral synthesis of the 6300Å forbidden line. (2 data files).

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Transit of HAT-P-5 (Southworth+, 2012)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Southworth, J.; Mancini, L.; Maxted, P. F. L.; Bruni, I.; Tregloan-Reed, J.; Barbieri, M.; Ruocco, N.; Wheatley, P. J.

    2013-01-01

    We observed one full transit of HAT-P-5 on the night of 2010 August 23, using the 2.2-m telescope and BUSCA imager at Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory. BUSCA uses dichroics to split the incoming light into four wavelength intervals, which traverse different arms of the instrument and are incident on to four CCDs. We observed two transits of HAT-P-5 in 2011 May and July, using BFOSC mounted on the 1.52-m G.D. Cassini Telescope at Loiano Observatory, Italy. (2 data files).

  11. Computer Science: A Historical Perspective and a Current Assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wirth, Niklaus

    We begin with a brief review of the early years of Computer Science. This period was dominated by large, remote computers and the struggle to master the complex problems of programming. The remedy was found in programming languages providing suitable abstractions and programming models. Outstanding was the language Algol 60, designed by an international committee, and intended as a publication language for algorithms. The early period ends with the advent of the microcomputer in the mid 1970s, bringing computing into homes and schools. The outstanding computer was the Alto, the first personal computer with substantial computing power. It changed the world of computing.

  12. CAFÉ-BEANS: An exhaustive hunt for high-mass binaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negueruela, I.; Maíz-Apellániz, J.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Alfaro, E. J.; Herrero, A.; Alonso, J.; Barbá, R.; Lorenzo, J.; Marco, A.; Monguió, M.; Morrell, N.; Pellerin, A.; Sota, A.; Walborn, N. R.

    2015-05-01

    CAFÉ-BEANS is an on-going survey running on the 2.2 m telescope at Calar Alto. For more than two years, CAFÉ-BEANS has been collecting high-resolution spectra of early-type stars with the aim of detecting and characterising spectroscopic binaries. The main goal of this project is a thorough characterisation of multiplicity in high-mass stars by detecting all spectroscopic and visual binaries in a large sample of Galactic O-type stars, and solving their orbits. Our final objective is eliminating all biases in the high-mass-star IMF created by undetected binaries.

  13. Response of the TETRA 4? detector to neutrons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Testov, D.; Kuznetsova, E.; Wilson, J. N.

    2015-09-01

    The MCNP model of the 4? neutron array TETRA is discussed. TETRA is coupled to BEDO decay station to study both the ?-decay properties and the nuclear structure of neutron rich nuclei produced at ALTO ISOL-facility. ?-, ?- and neutron radioactivity from ?-decay of nuclei accumulated at the center of TETRA can be recorded simultaneously. The MCNP model was validated on measurements of spontaneous fission neutrons of 252Cf source. The model is employed to optimize performance of TETRA coupled to BEDO decay system.

  14. Assessment of an Emerging Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ardema, Mark D.

    1979-01-01

    The AIAA's 1979 Lighter-Than-Air (LTA) Systems Technology Conference--the third of the series--was held July 11-13 in Palo Alto, Calif. Highlights of the conference proved to be strong interest in patrol and surveillance airships, particularly for coastal patrol missions, the session devoted to overviews of foreign activity, the luncheon address by Morris B. Jobe, president of Goodyear Aerospace, coincident remarks by RAdm. Manning of the Coast Guard R&D Office and RAdm Seiberlich of the Navy, and presence of the Goodyear advertising airship Columbia.

  15. Drinking Water Problems: Iron and Manganese (Spanish) 

    E-print Network

    Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

    2004-02-20

    tratadas con un sistema de aireaci?n/fil- traci?n. En este sistema el aire es llevado hacia adentro y mezclado con la corriente de agua fluyente. El agua saturada de aire entra despu?s en un recipiente precipitador/aireador, donde el aire se separa del... el filtro. Oxidaci?n qu?mica Niveles altos de hierro y manganeso disuelto u oxi- dado (combinaciones combinadas de hasta 25 mg/L) pueden ser tratadas por oxidaci?n qu?mica. Este m?todo es particularmente de ayuda cuando el hier- ro es combinado con...

  16. VizieR Online Data Catalog: HAT-P-36 and WASP-11/HAT-P-10 light curves (Mancini+, 2015)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mancini, L.; Esposito, M.; Covino, E.; Raia, G.; Southworth, J.; Tregloan-Reed, J.; Biazzo, K.; Bonomo, A.; Desidera, S.; Lanza, A. F.; Maciejewski, G.; Poretti, E.; Sozzetti, A.; Borsa, F.; Bruni, I.; Ciceri, S.; Claudi, R.; Cosentino, R.; Gratton, R.; Martinez Fiorenzano, A. F.; Lodato, G.; Lorenzi, V.; Marzari, F.; Murabito, S.; Affer, L.; Bignamini, A.; Bedin, L. R.; Boccato, C.; Damasso, M.; Henning, T.; Maggio, A.; Micela, G.; Molinari, E.; Pagano, I.; Piotto, G.; Rainer, M.; Scandariato, G.; Smareglia, R.; Zanmar, Sanchez; R.

    2015-06-01

    3 light curves of three transit events of the extrasolar planet HAT-P-36b and 3 light curves of two transit events of the extrasolar planet WASP-11b/HAT-P-10b. Three of the datasets were obtained using the Zeiss 1.23-m telescope (filter: Cousins I) at the Observatory of Calar Alto (Spain), two with the Cassini 1.52-m telescope (filter: Gunn r) at the Astronomical Observatory of Bologna in Loiano (Italy), and one with the IAC 80-cm telescope (filter: Cousins R) at the Teide Observatory on the island of Tenerife (Spain). (6 data files).

  17. Search for $?$-mesic nuclei in recoil-free transfer reaction

    E-print Network

    The COSY-GEM Collaboration; :; A. Budzanowski

    2008-12-22

    We have studied the reaction $p+{^{27}Al}\\to {^3{He}}+p+\\pi^-+X$ at recoil-free kinematics. An $\\eta$ meson possibly produced in this reaction would be thus almost at rest in the laboratory system and could therefore be bound with high probability, if nuclear $\\eta$ states exist. The decay of such a state through the $N^*(1535)$ resonance would lead to a proton-$\\pi^-$ pair emitted in opposite directions. For these conditions we find some indication of such a bound state. An upper limit of $\\approx$ 0.5 nb is found.

  18. Comunidades teatrales: la melancolía y la nostalgia en la representación y formación de la identidad argentina a fines del siglo XX y principios del siglo XXI

    E-print Network

    Zalba, Rocio

    2008-04-16

    treinta mil desaparecidos durante la Guerra Sucia (1976-1983) cuyos cuerpos nunca se recuperaron. A esta p?rdida tambi?n se suma lo ocurrido en la Guerra de las Malvinas (abril-junio 1982) en la que murieron miles de soldados (Luis Alberto Romero 52...?n econ?mica. El gran disgusto de la gente empuj? al presidente de la naci?n a su renuncia sin nadie confiable que lo suplantara (Romero 347). La ausencia de un gobierno estable desat?, por lo tanto, un alto nivel de violencia y un individualismo en la...

  19. Tunnelers carve niche for new atom smasher

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-04-26

    This fall, two tunnel-boring machines will start carving out a 17-mile ring beneath the French-Swiss border. Each 15-ft. dia machine will advance more than 100 ft/day, creating an underground home for an advanced accelerator. The $470-million large electron-positron storage ring (LEP) is already behind rival projects, particularly the $113-million Stanford linear collider now being built at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California and scheduled to start up in 1986. The construction of the underground chambers for the LEP is described.

  20. Verification of dose volume histograms in stereotactic radiosurgery and radiotherapy using polymer gel and MRI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Šemnická, Jitka; Novotný, Josef, Jr.; Sp?vá?ek, Václav; Gar?ic, Jirí; Steiner, Martin; Judas, Libor

    2006-12-01

    In this work we focus on dose volume histograms (DVHs) measurement in stereotactic radiosurgery (SR) performed with the Leksell gamma knife (ELEKTA Instrument AB, Stockholm, Sweden) and stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) performed with linear accelerator 6 MV Varian Clinac 2100 C/D (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, USA) in conjunction with BrainLAB stereotactic system (BrainLAB, Germany) using modified BANG gel and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of the experiments was to investigate a method for acquiring entire dose volume information from irradiated gel dosimeter and calculate DVHs.

  1. VizieR Online Data Catalog: UBVI photometry in Berkeley 32 (Richtler+, 2001)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richtler, T.; Sagar, R.

    2010-08-01

    The CCD observations have been obtained on 1999 March 22 with the 3.5m telescope at Calar Alto Observatory, Spain, run by the Max-Planck Institute for astronomy, Heidelberg. The focal reducer MOSCA attached at the RC Cassegrain focus provided an effective f/2.7 focal ratio (http://www.caha.es/caha/instruments/mosca/manual.html). The observations have been carried out in the Johnson V and Cousins I filters using the SITE 18b CCD chip. The pixel size is 0.53arcsec. (2 data files).

  2. The Rondonian-San Ignacio Province in the SW Amazonian Craton: An overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bettencourt, Jorge Silva; Leite, Washington Barbosa; Ruiz, Amarildo Salina; Matos, Ramiro; Payolla, Bruno Leonelo; Tosdal, Richard M.

    2010-01-01

    The Rondonian-San Ignacio Province (1.56-1.30 Ga) is a composite orogen created through successive accretion of arcs, ocean basin closure and final oblique microcontinent-continent collision. The effects of the collision are well preserved mostly in the Paraguá Terrane (Bolivia and Mato Grosso regions) and in the Alto Guaporé Belt and the Rio Negro-Juruena Province (Rondônia region), considering that the province was affected by later collision-related deformation and metamorphism during the Sunsás Orogeny (1.25-1.00 Ga). The Rondonian-San Ignacio Province comprises: (1) the Jauru Terrane (1.78-1.42 Ga) that hosts Paleoproterozoic basement (1.78-1.72 Ga), and the Cachoeirinha (1.56-1.52 Ga) and the Santa Helena (1.48-1.42 Ga) accretionary orogens, both developed in an Andean-type magmatic arc; (2) the Paraguá Terrane (1.74-1.32 Ga) that hosts pre-San Ignacio units (>1640 Ma: Chiquitania Gneiss Complex, San Ignacio Schist Group and Lomas Manechis Granulitic Complex) and the Pensamiento Granitoid Complex (1.37-1.34 Ga) developed in an Andean-type magmatic arc; (3) the Rio Alegre Terrane (1.51-1.38 Ga) that includes units generated in a mid-ocean ridge and an intra-oceanic magmatic arc environments; and (4) the Alto Guaporé Belt (<1.42-1.34 Ga) that hosts units developed in passive marginal basin and intra-oceanic arc settings. The collisional stage (1.34-1.32 Ga) is characterized by deformation, high-grade metamorphism, and partial melting during the metamorphic peak, which affected primarily the Chiquitania Gneiss Complex and Lomas Manechis Granulitic Complex in the Paraguá Terrane, and the Colorado Complex and the Nova Mamoré Metamorphic Suite in the Alto Guaporé Belt. The Paraguá Block is here considered as a crustal fragment probably displaced from its Rio Negro-Juruena crustal counterpart between 1.50 and 1.40 Ga. This period is characterized by extensive A-type and intra-plate granite magmatism represented by the Rio Crespo Intrusive Suite (ca. 1.50 Ga), Santo Antonio Intrusive Suite (1.40-1.36 Ga), and the Teotônio Intrusive Suite (1.38 Ga). Magmatism of these types also occur at the end of the Rondonian-San Ignacio Orogeny, and are represented by the Alto Candeias Intrusive Suite (1.34-1.36 Ga), and the São Lourenço-Caripunas Intrusive Suite (1.31-1.30 Ga). The cratonization of the province occurred between 1.30 and 1.25 Ga.

  3. The Black Mountain asperity - Seismic hazard of the southern San Francisco Peninsula, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Scholz, C. H.

    1985-01-01

    A slip deficit region running 75 km from Black Mountain south of Palo Alto to San Juan Battista is studied to assess earthquake hazard. If this region were ruptured in its entirety, the event would produce a M-sub-s = 6.9 earthquake. The conditional probability of this rupturing in the near future is the highest of any section of the San Andreas fault except Parkfield. This earthquake would rupture 30 km farther northwest and be about 3 times larger than that previously proposed by others (Lindh, 1983, and Sykes and Nishenko, 1984). This constitutes a greater risk to the southern San Francisco Peninsula than previously expected.

  4. Microtubule-membrane interactions in cilia. I. Isolation and characterization of ciliary membranes from Tetrahymena pyriformis

    E-print Network

    Dentler, William L., Jr

    1980-02-01

    . E .Stephens, unpublished observations) . It is, there- fore, important to study both the composition of ciliary membranes and the mechanism by which the ciliary membranes interact with the ciliary microtubules at this time . Recent studies have also... cells were sedimented by centrifugation for 4 min, 920 g, 4°C, using a JA-20 rotor in a Beckman J-21C centrifuge (Beckman Instruments, Inc., Spinco Div., Palo Alto, Calif.). The supernate, containing cilia, was decanted and centrifuged at25,000 g for 25...

  5. Fluorescent method for the detection of excreted ribonuclease around bacterial colonies.

    PubMed

    Lanyi, J K; Lederberg, J

    1966-11-01

    Lanyi, Janos K. (Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif.), and Joshua Lederberg. Fluorescent method for the detection of excreted ribonuclease around bacterial colonies. J. Bacteriol. 92:1469-1472. 1966.-A test for the release of extracellular ribonuclease by Bacillus subtilis colonles was developed. The method consists of incorporating acridine orange and ribonucleic acid into nutrient agar plates and viewing the grown bacterial colonies under ultraviolet light. Regions of ribonuclease secretion appear as dark halos around the colonies on a green fluorescent background. The theoretical basis and the utility of this test are discussed. PMID:4958882

  6. Mt. Franklin 1 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    ?mico Cantidad a usarse por cada 100 galones de agua* Cloro l?quido para lavander?a (hipoclorito al 5.25%) 1.5 cuartos de gal?n o 48 onzas l?quidas Hipoclorito de calcio de alto grado (hipoclorito al 65-76%) 4 onzas *El agua de pozo que contiene hierro, sulfito... propietarios de pozos de agua privados pueden reducir el riesgo de la contaminaci?n bacterial de sus pozos de agua al seguir cuidadosamente cada paso se?alado en esta publicaci?n. Mientras que estos procedimientos pueden desinfectar efectivamente los pozos de...

  7. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Arp 102B spectral optical monitoring (Shapovalova+, 2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shapovalova, A. I.; Popovic, L. C.; Burenkov, A. N.; Chavushyan, V. H.; Ilic, D.; Kollatschny, W.; Kovacevic, A.; Bochkarev, N. G.; Valdes, J. R.; Torrealba, J.; Patino-Alvarez, V.; Leon-Tavares, J.; Benitez, E.; Carrasco, L.; Dultzin, D.; Mercado, A.; Zhdanova, V. E.

    2013-10-01

    Spectra of Arp 102B (during 142 nights) were taken with the 6-m and 1-m telescopes of the SAO RAS (Russia, 1998-2010), the INAOE 2.1-m telescope of the Guillermo Haro Observatory (GHO) at Cananea, Sonora, Mexico (1998-2007), the 2.1-m telescope of the Observatorio Astronomico Nacional at San Pedro Martir (OAN-SPM), Baja California, Mexico (2005-2007), and the 3.5-m and 2.2-m telescopes of Calar Alto observatory, Spain (1987-1994). (4 data files).

  8. Release of tetracycline hydrochloride from electrospun poly(ethylene-co-vinylacetate), poly(lactic acid), and a blend.

    PubMed

    Kenawy, El-Refaie; Bowlin, Gary L; Mansfield, Kevin; Layman, John; Simpson, David G; Sanders, Elliot H; Wnek, Gary E

    2002-05-17

    Electrospun fiber mats are explored as drug delivery vehicles using tetracycline hydrochloride as a model drug. The mats were made either from poly(lactic acid) (PLA), poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (PEVA), or from a 50:50 blend of the two. The fibers were electrospun from chloroform solutions containing a small amount of methanol to solubilize the drug. The release of the tetracycline hydrochloride from these new drug delivery systems was followed by UV-VIS spectroscopy. Release profiles from the electrospun mats were compared to a commercially available drug delivery system, Actisite (Alza Corporation, Palo Alto, CA), as well as to cast films of the various formulations. PMID:11992678

  9. Drinking Water Problems: Radionuclides (Spanish) 

    E-print Network

    Lesikar, Bruce J.; Melton, Rebecca; Hare, Michael; Hopkins, Janie; Dozier, Monty

    2006-12-21

    ?nea de Texas, 1988-2004. 200 Millas150050100 de estas enfermedades causaron la muerte de los pintores de car?tulas. Estos trabajadores tambi?n ten?an ?ndices altos de dos tipos raros de c?ncer: sarcomas de los huesos y carcinomas de los mastoideos y... produce nat- uralmente son mucho m?s bajos que aquellos de los pintores de relojes o de las personas m?dicamente tratadas con radio-224. Por lo tanto, los efectos no cancer?genos que se producen en la salud no han sido una preocupaci?n para establecer un l...

  10. Cooking with Walnuts (Spanish) 

    E-print Network

    Anding, Jenna

    2001-09-10

    mayo de 1914, seg?n enmienda, y del 30 de junio de 1914, en cooperaci?n con el Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos. Chester P. Fehlis, Director Comisionado, Extensi?n Cooperativa de Texas, El Sistema Universitario Texas A&M. Nuevo E-84S 9... (walnuts) Las nueces de Castilla son una excelente fuente de prote?nas y minerales. Una onza de nueces de Castilla (el equivalente a 14 mitades de nuez, aproximadamente) contiene m?s o menos 180 calor?as, sobre todo por su alto contenido de grasa. Las...

  11. ANTARES neutrino detection: CAHA photometry & spectroscopy of the Swift source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Galadí-Enríquez, D.; Hoyos, F.; Guijarro, A.; Sánchez-Ramírez, R.; Fernández, M.; Tello, J. C.; Jeong, S.; Maíz-Apellániz, J.

    2015-09-01

    Following the detection of a possible counterpart to the neutrino ANTARES source by Swift (Dornic et al. GCNC 18231, ATel #7987), we conducted optical monitoring and spectroscopic observations with the 2.2m (+BUSCA) and 3.5m (+TWIN) telescopes at the German-Spanish Calar Alto Observatory (Spain), under non-optimal conditions (airmass 3), starting on Sep 3 at 20:07 UT (2.52 days post ANTARES detection) of the R=12.6 star USNO-B1.0 0626-0501169 (probably a G/K-type star, Smartt et al. ATel #7992).

  12. Total centralisation and optimisation of an oncology management suite via Citrix®

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    James, C.; Frantzis, J.; Ripps, L.; Fenton, P.

    2014-03-01

    The management of patient information and treatment planning is traditionally an intra-departmental requirement of a radiation oncology service. Epworth Radiation Oncology systems must support the transient nature of Visiting Medical Officers (VMOs). This unique work practice created challenges when implementing the vision of a completely paperless solution that allows for a responsive and efficient service delivery. ARIA® and EclipseTM (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA, USA) have been deployed across four dedicated Citrix® (Citrix Systems, Santa Clara, CA, USA) servers allowing VMOs to access these applications remotely. A range of paperless solutions were developed within ARIA® to facilitate clinical and organisational management whilst optimising efficient work practices. The IT infrastructure and paperless workflow has enabled VMOs to securely access the VarianTM (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA, USA) oncology software and experience full functionality from any location on multiple devices. This has enhanced access to patient information and improved the responsiveness of the service. Epworth HealthCare has developed a unique solution to enable remote access to a centralised oncology management suite, while maintaining a secure and paperless working environment.

  13. CARMENES: Blue planets orbiting red dwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quirrenbach, A.; Amado, P. J.; Caballero, J. A.; Mandel, H.; Mundt, R.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.; Sánchez Carrasco, M. A.; Seifert, W.; Azzaro, M.; Galadí, D.; Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; Dreizler, S.; Montes, D.; Rhode, P.; Stürmer, J.

    2013-04-01

    The CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) consortium, consisting of eleven Spanish and German institutions, has been established to conduct a radial-velocity survey of M dwarfs with the 3.5 m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory. This survey will target ˜300 M stars, with emphasis on spectral types M4V and later. The CARMENES instrument is currently under construction; it consists of two independent échelle spectrographs covering the wavelength ranges 0.55 …1.05 ?m and 0.95 …1.7 ?m, respectively, at a spectral resolution of R = 82,000. The spectrographs are fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope; calibration is performed simultaneously with emission-line lamps. The optical benches of the spectrographs are housed in vacuum tanks and climatic chambers, which provide the temperature-stabilized environments necessary to enable a 1 m/s radial velocity precision.

  14. The growth of mass and metallicity in bulges and disks: CALIFA perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    González Delgado, R. M.; Pérez, E.; Cid Fernandes, R.; García-Benito, R.; de Amorim, A.; Sánchez, S. F.; Husemann, B.; López Fernández, R.; Cortijo, C.; Lacerda, E.; Mast, D.

    2015-03-01

    CALIFA (Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area) is a 3D spectroscopic survey of 600 nearby galaxies that we are obtaining with PPaK@3.5m at Calar Alto (Sánchez et al. 2012; Husemann et al. 2012). This pioneer survey is providing valuable clues on how the mass and metallicity grow in the different galactic spatial sub-components (``bulge'' and ``disk''). Processed through spectral synthesis techniques, CALIFA datacubes allow us to, for the first time, spatially resolve the star formation history of galaxies (Cid Fernandes et al. 2012). The richness of this approach is already evident from the results obtained for the first ~ 100 galaxies of the sample (Pérez et al. 2012). We have found that galaxies grow inside-out, and that the growth rate depends on a galaxy's mass. Here, we present the radial variations of physical properties sorting galaxies by their morphological type (Figure 1). We have found a good correlation between the stellar mass surface density, stellar ages and metallicities and the Hubble type, but being the the early type spirals (Sa-Sbc) the galaxies with strong negative age and metallicity gradient from the bulge to the disk.

  15. Phoebe at True Opposition: Multiwavelength Phase Curves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verbiscer, Anne J.; French, R. G.; Aguirre, A.; Guijarro, A.; Hoyo, F.; Sanchez, S. F.; Marinoni, S.; Chanover, N. J.; Holtzman, J.; Magazzu, A.; Helfenstein, P.; Martin, J.; Chatzikos, M.; Herbst, T.

    2006-09-01

    The 2005 opposition of Saturn offered a rare opportunity to observe its satellites at the smallest possible phase angles, including the minimum phase angle, 0.02° established by the angular size of the Sun at Saturn's heliocentric distance. We present solar and rotational phase curves of Phoebe obtained in broadband UBVRI and Stromgren vby filters at six observatories using the Loiano (Bologna, Italy) 1.5 m, Calar Alto (Spain) 2.2 m, Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (Canary Islands) 3.6 m, Apache Point (Sunspot, New Mexico) 3.5 m and 1 m, and the Vatican Advanced Technology (Mt. Graham, Arizona) 1.8 m telescopes. The angular width of Phoebe's opposition effect increases with wavelength, as predicted by coherent backscatter models, and places constraints on physical regolith properties such as particle size and compaction. Around 02:00 UT on 14 January 2005, an anomalous increase ( 20% in U-band) in Phoebe's brightness at the shortest wavelengths was observed at both Loiano and Calar Alto and faded during the subsequent half hour.

  16. Subjective Preference of Cellists for the Delay Time of a Single Reflection in a Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    SATO, S.; ANDO, Y.; OTA, S.

    2000-04-01

    To provide knowledge useful in designing the stage enclosure in a concert hall, Nakayama reported the subjective preference of alto-recorder players for sound fields with a single reflection [Acustica54, 217-221 (1984)]. The present study evaluates the subjective preferences, with regard to ease of performance, of five cello soloists for the delay time of a single reflection. The scale values of preference for the delay time of a single reflection were obtained using a paired comparison method, and the results were compared with those for the alto-recorder players and listeners. The scale values of preference for both individuals and for global cellists with regard to the delay time of reflection can be expressed by a single approximate formula, normalizing the delay time by the most-preferred delay time observed for different music motifs. A notable finding is that the most-preferred delay time of a single reflection for each cellist can be calculated from the amplitude of the reflection and the minimum value of the effective duration (?e)minof the running autocorrelation function of the music motifs played by each cellist.

  17. Four colour photometry of late-type binary systems. II. New light curves of BH Virginis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clement, R.; Garcia, M.; Reglero, V.; Clausen, J. V.; Bravo, A.; Suso, J.; Fabregat, J.

    1997-05-01

    This paper presents new complete uvby light curves of the late-type detached eclipsing binary BH Vir (G0V + G5V, P=0.81687099 deg). This binary system has been observed during four campaigns at the Calar Alto Observatory (Almeria, Spain) and at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile). This observations are part of a 6 year uvby and H? monitoring program of low mass eclipsing binaries which main objective is to provide accurate absolute astrophysical parameters for late-type main sequence stars. 1585 points spread over the binary period and covering both eclipses are given. The internal accuracy of the standard photometry measured as the mean RMS of the differences between standard value and observed value for the standard stars observed along the program is quoted in a few millimagnitudes. Detailed analysis of BH Vir, based on these light curves, will be published separately. Based on observations collected with the Danish 0.5m telescope at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), La Silla, Chile and the Spanish 1.5m telescope at Calar Alto, Almeria, Spain. Table 2 will be accessible only in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html.

  18. Four colour photometry of late-type binary systems. I. First UVBY beta light curves of ZZ Ursae Majoris

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clement, R.; Garcia, M.; Reglero, V.; Clausen, J. V.; Bravo, A.; Suso, J.; Fabregat, J.; Torrejon, J. M.; Reig, P.; Marco, A.

    1997-05-01

    This paper presents first complete uvby light curves of the late-type detached eclipsing binary ZZ UMa (G0V + G8V, P=2.2993 deg). This binary system has been observed during eight campaigns at the Calar Alto Observatory (Almeria, Spain)and at the Sierra Nevada Observatory (Granada, Spain). 294 points distributed over the binary period and covering both eclipses are given. The comparison stars used to calculate the differential light curves (SAO 15242 and SAO 15251) were confirmed as being good reference stars with constant flux. These observations are part of a 6 year uvby and H? monitoring program of low mass eclipsing binaries whose main objective is to provide accurate absolute astrophysical parameters for late-type main sequence stars. Details about the standardisation process and accuracy of the photometry are also given. The internal accuracy of the standard photometry measured as the mean RMS of the differences between standard and observed values for the standard stars observed along the program is only a few millimagnitudes. Detailed analysis of ZZ UMa, based on these light curves, will be published separately. Based on observations collected with the Spanish 1.5m telescope at Calar Alto, Almeria, Spain, and the Spanish 1m telescope at Sierra Nevada, Granada, Spain. Tables 2 and 3 will be accessible only in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr//Abstract.html

  19. The Hamburg Quasar Survey. III. Further new bright quasars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hagen, H.-J.; Engels, D.; Reimers, D.

    1999-02-01

    We present a further list of 274 bright QSOs, 106 (195) of which have B<~ 17 (17.5), selected semiautomatically from objective prism plates taken with the Calar Alto 80 cm Schmidt telescope. All QSOs have been confirmed by follow-up spectroscopy and we display their flux-calibrated spectra. We also discuss the completeness of our search technique and demonstrate that for 0.1 <= z < 3.2 and B <= 17 we have been able to recover roughly 85% of known QSOs; 10% were lost due to overlaps while 5% were lost during the selection process. In particular the bright z >= 2 QSOs (17 with B <~ 17) are potential targets for follow-up spectroscopy both at high-resolution from the ground and in the ultraviolet from space. Based on observations obtained at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, Spain, operated by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg, jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy and at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, Chile. Table 3 is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html. Figure 3 is only available at the journal http://www.edpsciences.com.

  20. A near-infrared survey for new low-mass members in ? Per

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lodieu, N.; McCaughrean, M. J.; Barrado Y Navascués, D.; Bouvier, J.; Stauffer, J. R.

    2005-06-01

    We present a near-infrared (K'-band) survey of 0.7 square degree area in the ? Persei open cluster (age = 90 Myr, distance = 182 pc) carried out with the Omega-Prime camera on the Calar Alto 3.5-m telescope. Combining optical data (Rc and I_c) obtained with the KPNO/MOSA detector and presented in Stauffer et al. (1999) with the K' observations, a sample of new candidate members has been extracted from the optical-infrared colour-magnitude diagram. The location of these candidates in the colour-colour diagram suggests that two-thirds of them are actually reddened background giants. About 20 new candidate members with masses between 0.3 and 0.04 M? are added to the ~400 known ? Per cluster members. If they are indeed ? Per members, four of the new candidates would be brown dwarfs. We discuss the advantages and drawbacks of the near-infrared survey as compared to the optical selection method. We also describe the outcome of optical spectroscopy obtained with the Twin spectrograph on the Calar Alto 3.5-m telescope for about 30 candidates, including selected members from the optical sample presented in Barrado y Navascués et al. (2002) and from our joint optical/infrared catalogue. These results argue in favour of the optical selection method for this particular cluster.

  1. A Lucky Imaging search for stellar sources near 74 transit hosts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wöllert, Maria; Brandner, Wolfgang

    2015-07-01

    Context. Many transiting-planet host stars lack high-resolution imaging so that close stellar sources can be missed. Those unknown stars potentially bias the derivation of the planetary and stellar parameters from the transit light curve, regardless of whether they are bound or not. In addition, bound stellar companions interact gravitationally with the exoplanet host star, the disk, and the planets and can thus influence the formation and evolution of the planetary system strongly. Aims: We extended our high-resolution Lucky Imaging survey for close stellar sources by 74 transiting-planet host stars. Thirty-nine of these stars lack previous high-resolution imaging, 23 are follow up observations of companions or companion candidates, and the remaining stars have been observed by others with AO imaging but in different bands. We determine the separation of all new and known companion candidates and estimate the flux ratio in the observed bands. Methods: All observations were carried out with the Lucky Imaging camera AstraLux Norte at the Calar Alto 2.2 m telescope in i' and z' passbands. Results: We find new stellar sources within 1'' of HAT-P-27, HAT-P-28, HAT-P-35, WASP-76, and WASP-103 and between 1'' and 4? of HAT-P-29 and WASP-56. Based on observations collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, jointly operated by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie Heidelberg and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC).

  2. The Gaia spectrophotometric standard stars survey: II. Instrumental effects of six ground-based observing campaigns

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altavilla, G.; Marinoni, S.; Pancino, E.; Galleti, S.; Ragaini, S.; Bellazzini, M.; Cocozza, G.; Bragaglia, A.; Carrasco, J. M.; Castro, A.; Di Fabrizio, L.; Federici, L.; Figueras, F.; Gebran, M.; Jordi, C.; Masana, E.; Schuster, W.; Valentini, G.; Voss, H.

    2015-08-01

    The Gaia SpectroPhotometric Standard Stars (SPSS) survey started in 2006, was awarded almost 450 observing nights and accumulated almost 100 000 raw data frames with both photometric and spectroscopic observations. Such large observational effort requires careful, homogeneous, and automatic data reduction and quality control procedures. In this paper, we quantitatively evaluate instrumental effects that might have a significant (i.e., ? 1 %) impact on the Gaia SPSS flux calibration. The measurements involve six different instruments, monitored over the eight years of observations dedicated to the Gaia flux standards campaigns: DOLORES@TNG in La Palma, EFOSC2@NTT and ROSS@REM in La Silla, CAFOS@2.2 m in Calar Alto, BFOSC@Cassini in Loiano, and LaRuca@1.5 m in San Pedro Mártir. We examine and quantitatively evaluate the following effects: CCD linearity and shutter times, calibration frames stability, lamp flexures, second order contamination, light polarization, and fringing. We present methods to correct for the relevant effects which can be applied to a wide range of observational projects at similar instruments. Based on data obtained with BFOSC@Cassini in Loiano, Italy; EFOSC2@NTT in La Silla, Chile; DOLORES@TNG in La Palma, Spain; CAFOS@2.2 m in Calar Alto, Spain; LaRuca@1.5 m in San Pedro Mártir, Mexico (see acknowledgements for more details).

  3. Detection of the genotoxicity of air pollutants in and around the city of São Paulo (Brazil) with the Tradescantia-micronucleus (Trad-MCN) assay.

    PubMed

    Guimarães; Domingos; Alves; Caldini; Lobo; Lichtenfels; Saldiva

    2000-08-01

    Tradescantia pallida cv. purpurea, a popular garden plant in Brazil, was used for the Tradescantia micronucleus (Trad-MCN) assay. In situ monitoring of the genotoxicity of air pollutants was carried out by sentinel approach, using the plant grown in the field or using the plants in pots which were carried to the monitoring sites. Two highly polluted sites, in São Paulo city (Cerqueira Cesar and Congonhas) and two rural sites (the cities of Pirassununga, 200 km and Caucaia do Alto, 50 km from São Paulo, respectively) were chosen for this study, in order to determine the gradient difference of the air pollution levels. Sentinel plants in Congonhas site presented the highest frequency of micronuclei (4.4%), in comparison with 2.2 and 2.3% found in plants from Pirassununga and Cerqueira Cesar sites, respectively (Kruskal-Wallis; P<0.020). Significant increases (F test; P<0.0001) in the frequency of micronuclei were observed in plants exposed in the polluted urban sites (Cerqueira Cesar: 5.7%; Congonhas: 7.1% and Caucaia do Alto: 2.3%). The increase in the frequency of micronuclei observed indicates the potential risk of mutagenicity in presence of high concentrations of pollutants. PMID:10927123

  4. HS 0705+6700: a New Eclipsing sdB Binary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drechsel, H.; Heber, U.; Napiwotzki, R.; Ostensen, R.; Solheim, J.-E.; Deetjen, J.; Schuh, S.

    HS 0705+6700 is a newly discovered eclipsing sdB binary system consisting of an sdB primary and a cool secondary main sequence star. CCD photometry obtained in October and November 2000 with the 2.5m Nordic (NOT) telescope (La Palma, Tenerife) in the B passband and with the 2.2m Calar Alto telescope (CAFOS, R filter) yielded eclipse light curves with complete orbital phase coverage at high time resolution. A periodogram analysis of 12 primary minimum times distributed over the time span from October 2000 to March 2001 allowed to derive the following exact period and linear ephemeris: prim. min. = HJD 2451822.759782(22) + 0.09564665(39) ? E A total of 15 spectra taken with the 3.5m Calar Alto telescope (TWIN spectrograph) on March 11-12, 2001, were used to establish the radial velocity curve of the primary star (K1 = 85.8 km/s) , and to determine its basic atmospheric parameters (Teff = 29300 K, log g = 5.47). The B and R light curves were solved using our Wilson-Devinney based light curve analysis code MORO (Drechsel et al. 1995, A&A 294, 723). The best fit solution yielded exact system parameters consistent with the spectroscopic results. Detailed results will be published elsewhere (Drechsel et al. 2001, A&A, in preparation).

  5. SDSS J150634.27+013331.6: the second compact elliptical galaxy in the NGC 5846 group

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chilingarian, Igor V.; Bergond, Gilles

    2010-06-01

    We report the discovery of the second compact elliptical (cE) galaxy SDSS J150634.27+013331.6 in the nearby NGC 5846 group by the Virtual Observatory (VO) workflow. This object (MB = -15.98 mag, Re = 0.24 kpc) becomes the fifth cE where the spatially resolved kinematics and stellar populations can be obtained. We used archival HST WFPC2 images to demonstrate that its light profile has a two-component structure, and integrated photometry from GALEX, SDSS, UKIDSS and Spitzer to build the multiwavelength spectral energy distribution to constrain the star formation history (SFH). We observed this galaxy with the PMAS IFU spectrograph at the Calar-Alto 3.5-m telescope and obtained two-dimensional maps of its kinematics and stellar population properties using the full-spectral fitting technique. Its structural, dynamical and stellar population properties suggest that it had a massive progenitor heavily tidally stripped by NGC 5846. Based on observations obtained at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, operated by the Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie Heidelberg jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy. E-mail: Igor.Chilingarian@astro.unistra.fr (IVC); chil@sai.msu.ru (IVC)

  6. Range extension of Myotis midastactus? (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) to Paraguay

    PubMed Central

    Idárraga, Liu; Wilson, Don Ellis

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background Myotis midastactus Moratelli and Wilson, 2014 (Vespertilionidae, Myotinae) was described from the Myotis simus Thomas, 1901 complex based on collections from the Bolivian Savannah. New information Four vouchers previously assigned to M. simus from the Alto Chaco in Paraguay (West of the Paraguay River) are reassigned here to M. midastactus. These specimens extend the geographic distribution of M. midastactus 1200 km southward, and constitute the first evidence of the species in the country. Based on other material from the Brazilian Pantanal and Cerrado, Central Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina, we also discuss the identity of simus-like populations south of the Amazon Basin. The status of these populations is still unclear, but the little evidence we have at hand indicates that these populations may represent another taxon—M. guaycuru Proença, 1943; whereas M. simus seems to be restricted to the Amazon basin. This hypothesis is still very speculative and requires further investigation. With the assignment of material from Alto Chaco to M. midastactus, seven species of Myotis are confirmed for Paraguay: M. albescens, M. lavali, M. levis, M. midastactus, M. nigricans, M. riparius, and M. ruber. PMID:26379462

  7. Springtime cloud properties in the Taiwan Strait: synoptic controls and local processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kueh, Mien-Tze; Lin, Pay-Liam

    2014-05-01

    This paper examines the springtime cloud properties in the Taiwan Strait (TS), with emphases on their dependence on synoptic controls and local processes, using a suite of in situ and remote sensing observations. Cloud properties in the TS are inferred from a combination of MODIS and in situ observations and further classified into two synoptic conditions: continental cold air surge and frontal system. The study reveals a predominance of synoptic-scale controls in regulating the cloud properties in the TS. The sensitivity of clouds to the local thermodynamic mechanisms as well as the underlying surface conditions is fundamentally dependent on synoptic-scale flow patterns. The springtime clouds over the TS are commonly a mixture of stratocumulus and alto clouds. More precisely, there is a preponderance of stratocumulus over the strait. A preferential occupancy of stratiform alto clouds is recognized during cold air surge, whereas vertical development of cloud layers (mostly the stratocumulus) is commonly observed with frontal passage. The most distinct difference between the local clouds formation associated with the two synoptic conditions is the suppression of very low cloud and fog along with cold air surge. Stratus clouds and fog are present within the northward prefrontal airflow from warmer to colder water sites, along with an increase in stability relating to lower altitudes of boundary layer clouds. Although the rainfall occurrences are about the same for both synoptic conditions, the frontal rain amounts are larger on average.

  8. Galaxies at High Redshifts - Observing Galaxies in the Cradle

    E-print Network

    Eduard Thommes

    1998-12-11

    Due to the invention of new powerful instruments in the recent past (e.g. 10m class telescopes) high redshift galaxies are no longer a curiosity. High redshift young star forming galaxies can be effectively discriminated from the much more abundant foreground galaxies by their special spectral properties: a prominent break at the Lyman limit (i.e. a complete absence of flux at wavelength below the Lyman limit), an intrinsically flat spectrum at wavelength long-ward of the Lyman limit and in the very early phase of evolution a strong Ly-alpha emission line with high equivalent width. In the last couple of years several hundred star forming galaxies with 2.5 5 and new large systematic surveys (the Calar Alto Deep Imaging Survey and the survey of Hu et al. 1998) for such objects, suggest that the cosmic star formation rate in strong Ly-alpha emitters does not decrease at redshifts z > 3.5 as suggested for the Lyman break galaxy sample. I discuss the galaxies with the highest redshifts we know today and give an overview over the survey of Hu et al. and the Calar Alto Deep Imaging Survey.

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: PV Cep V(RI)c and IRAC photometry (Kun+, 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kun, M.; Szegedi-Elek, E.; Moor, A.; Kospal, A.; Abraham, P.; Apai, D.; Kiss, Z. T.; Klagyivik, P.; Magakian, T. Yu.; Mezo, Gy.; Movsessian, T. A.; Pal, A.; Racz, M.; Rogers, J.

    2011-11-01

    Photometric observations in the VRcIc bands spanning the time interval between 2004 September 22 and 2010 November 23 were performed with six instruments on five telescopes. Most of the data were obtained with the 60/90/180cm Schmidt telescope of the Konkoly Observatory, equipped with a Photometric AT 200 camera, and with the 1-m Ritchey-Chretien- Coude (RCC) telescope of the Konkoly Observatory, equipped with a Princeton Instruments VersArray:1300B camera. PV Cep was also observed with the IAC-80 telescope of the Teide Observatory (Spain) between 2009 October 25 and November 7. In 2008 August and 2009 October we obtained VRI images with the Calar Alto Faint Object Spectrograph (CAFOS) instrument installed on the 2.2-m telescope of the Calar Alto Observatory (Spain). On 2010 April 8 we used the Electro Multiplying (EM) Andor Technology iXonEM+ 888 camera at the RCC telescope of the Konkoly Observatory. (3 data files).

  10. Loudness and pitch of Kunqu opera.

    PubMed

    Dong, Li; Sundberg, Johan; Kong, Jiangping

    2014-01-01

    Equivalent sound level (Leq), sound pressure level (SPL), and fundamental frequency (F0) are analyzed in each of five Kunqu Opera roles, Young girl and Young woman, Young man, Old man, and Colorful face. Their pitch ranges are similar to those of some western opera singers (alto, alto, tenor, baritone, and baritone, respectively). Differences among tasks, conditions (stage speech, singing, and reading lyrics), singers, and roles are examined. For all singers, Leq of stage speech and singing were considerably higher than that of conversational speech. Interrole differences of Leq among tasks and singers were larger than the intrarole differences. For most roles, time domain variation of SPL differed between roles both in singing and stage speech. In singing, as compared with stage speech, SPL distribution was more concentrated and variation of SPL with time was smaller. With regard to gender and age, male roles had higher mean Leq and lower average F0, MF0, as compared with female roles. Female singers showed a wider F0 distribution for singing than for stage speech, whereas the opposite was true for male singers. The Leq of stage speech was higher than in singing for young personages. Younger female personages showed higher Leq, whereas older male personages had higher Leq. The roles performed with higher Leq tended to be sung at a lower MF0. PMID:24070593

  11. CARMENES at PPVI. Looking for Exo-Earths around M Dwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quirrenbach, A.; Amado, P. J.; Caballero, J. A.; Seifert, W.; Azzaro, M.; Galadí, D.; García-Vargas, M. L.; Mandel, H.; Mundt, R.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.; Pérez-Calpena, A.; Sánchez-Carrasco, M. A.; Carmenes, Consortium

    2013-07-01

    CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a next- generation instrument being built for the 3.5 m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions. CARMENES will conduct a five-year exoplanet survey targeting ~300 M dwarfs. The CARMENES instrument consists of two separate échelle spectrographs covering the wavelength range from 0.55 to 1.7 ?m at a spectral resolution of R = 82,000, fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope. For late-M spectral types, the wavelength range around 1.0 ?m (Y band) is the most important wavelength region for radial-velocity work. Therefore, the efficiency of CARMENES will be optimized in this range. It is thus natural to adopt an instrument concept with two spectrographs, one equipped with a CCD for the range 0.55-1.05 ?m, and one with HgCdTe detectors for the range from 0.9-1.7 ?m. Each spectrograph will be coupled to the 3.5 m telescope with its own optical fiber. The front end at the telescope Cassegrain focus will contain a dichroic beam splitter and an atmospheric dispersion corrector, to feed the light into the fibers leading to the spectrographs. Guiding is performed with a separate camera. Additional fibers are available for simultaneous injection of light from emission line lamps and two Fabry-Pérot wavemeters for radial-velocity calibration. The spectrographs are mounted on benches inside vacuum tanks located in the coudé laboratory of the 3.5 m dome. Each vacuum tank is equipped with a temperature stabilization system capable of keeping the temperature constant to within ±0.01K over 24 h. The visible-light (VIS) spectrograph will be operated at near room temperature, the near-infrared (NIR) spectrograph will be cooled to 140 K. First light of the VIS channel is planned for January 2015; the NIR channel will arrive early afterwards. At least 600 useable nights have been allocated at the Calar Alto 3.5 m telescope for the CARMENES survey in the time frame from 2015 to 2018.

  12. Final Design of the CARMENES M-Dwarf Radial-Velocity Survey Instrument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quirrenbach, Andreas; Amado, P.; Seifert, W.; Sánchez Carrasco, M. A.; Ribas, I.; Reiners, A.; Mandel, H.; Caballero, J. A.; Mundt, R.; Galadí, D.; Consortium, CARMENES

    2013-01-01

    CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a next-generation instrument being built for the 3.5m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions. CARMENES will conduct a five-year exoplanet survey targeting ~300 M dwarfs. The CARMENES instrument consists of two separate échelle spectrographs covering the wavelength range from 0.55 to 1.7 ?m at a spectral resolution of R = 82,000, fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope. For late-M spectral types, the wavelength range around 1.0 ?m (Y band) is the most important wavelength region for radial velocity work. Therefore, the efficiency of CARMENES will be optimized in this range. Since CCDs do not provide high enough efficiency around 1.0 ?m and no signal at all beyond the Si cutoff at 1.1 ?m, a near-IR detector is required. It is thus natural to adopt an instrument concept with two spectrographs, one equipped with a CCD for the range 0.55-1.05 ?m, and one with HgCdTe detectors for the range from 0.9-1.7 ?m. Each spectrograph will be coupled to the 3.5m telescope with its own optical fiber. The front end will contain a dichroic beam splitter and an atmospheric dispersion corrector, to feed the light into the fibers leading to the spectrographs. Guiding is performed with a separate camera. Additional fibers are available for simultaneous injection of light from emission line lamps for RV calibration. The spectrographs are mounted on benches inside vacuum tanks located in the coudé laboratory of the 3.5m dome. Each vacuum tank is equipped with a temperature stabilization system capable of keeping the temperature constant to within ±0.01K over 24h. The visible-light spectrograph will be operated near room temperature, the NIR spectrograph will be cooled to 140K. The CARMENES instrument passed its preliminary design review in July 2011; the final design is just being completed. Commissioning of the instrument is planned for the first half of 2014. At least 600 useable nights have been allocated at the Calar Alto 3.5m Telescope for the CARMENES survey in the time frame from 2014 to 2018.

  13. CARMENES: First Results from the CAHA 3.5m Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quirrenbach, Andreas; Consortium, CARMENES

    2015-12-01

    CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a next-generation instrument currently undergoing commissioning at the 3.5m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory. It has been developed by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions (see also Quirrenbach et al. 2010; 2012; 2014). CARMENES will conduct a 600-night exoplanet survey targeting ~300 M dwarfs. An important and unique feature of the CARMENES instrument is that it consists of two separate échelle spectrographs, which together cover the wavelength range from 0.55 to 1.7 ?m at a spectral resolution of R = 82,000. The spectrographs are fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope.The main scientific objective of the CARMENES project is to carry out a survey of late-type main sequence stars with the goal of detecting low-mass planets in their habitable zones (HZs). In the focus of the project are very cool stars later than spectral type M4 and moderately active stars. We aim at being able to detect a 2M? planet in the HZ of an M5 star. A long-term radial velocity precision of 1ms?1 per measurement will permit to attain such goals. For stars later than M4 (M < 0.25M?), such precision will yield detections of super-Earths of 5M? and smaller inside the entire width of the HZ. The CARMENES survey will thus provide a comprehensive overview of planetary systems around nearby Northern M dwarfs. By reaching into the realm of Earth-like planets, it will provide a treasure trove for follow-up studies probing their habitability.Quirrenbach, A., Amado, P.J., Mandel, H., et al. (2010). CARMENES: Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs. In Ground-based and airborne instrumentation for astronomy III. Eds. McLean, I.S., Ramsay, S.K., & Takami, H., SPIE 773513Quirrenbach, A., Amado, P.J., Seifert, W., et al. (2012). CARMENES. I: Instrument and survey overview. In Ground-based and airborne instrumentation for astronomy IV. Eds. McLean, I.S., Ramsay, S.K., & Takami, H., SPIE 84460RQuirrenbach, A., Amado, P.J., Caballero, J.A., et al. (2014). CARMENES instrument overview. In Ground-based and airborne instrumentation for astronomy V. Eds. Ramsay, S.K., McLean, I.S., & Takami, H., SPIE 91471F

  14. Geophysical methods applied to fault characterization and earthquake potential assessment in the Lower Tagus Valley, Portugal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carvalho, João; Cabral, João; Gonçalves, Rui; Torres, Luís; Mendes-Victor, Luís

    2006-06-01

    The study region is located in the Lower Tagus Valley, central Portugal, and includes a large portion of the densely populated area of Lisbon. It is characterized by a moderate seismicity with a diffuse pattern, with historical earthquakes causing many casualties, serious damage and economic losses. Occurrence of earthquakes in the area indicates the presence of seismogenic structures at depth that are deficiently known due to a thick Cenozoic sedimentary cover. The hidden character of many of the faults in the Lower Tagus Valley requires the use of indirect methodologies for their study. This paper focuses on the application of high-resolution seismic reflection method for the detection of near-surface faulting on two major tectonic structures that are hidden under the recent alluvial cover of the Tagus Valley, and that have been recognized on deep oil-industry seismic reflection profiles and/or inferred from the surface geology. These are a WNW-ESE-trending fault zone located within the Lower Tagus Cenozoic basin, across the Tagus River estuary (Porto Alto fault), and a NNE-SSW-trending reverse fault zone that borders the Cenozoic Basin at the W (Vila Franca de Xira-Lisbon fault). Vertical electrical soundings were also acquired over the seismic profiles and the refraction interpretation of the reflection data was carried out. According to the interpretation of the collected data, a complex fault pattern disrupts the near surface (first 400 m) at Porto Alto, affecting the Upper Neogene and (at least for one fault) the Quaternary, with a normal offset component. The consistency with the previous oil-industry profiles interpretation supports the location and geometry of this fault zone. Concerning the second structure, two major faults were detected north of Vila Franca de Xira, supporting the extension of the Vila Franca de Xira-Lisbon fault zone northwards. One of these faults presents a reverse geometry apparently displacing Holocene alluvium. Vertical offsets of the Holocene sediments detected in the studied geophysical data of Porto Alto and Vila Franca de Xira-Lisbon faults imply minimum slip rates of 0.15-0.30 mm/year, three times larger than previously inferred for active faults in the Lower Tagus Valley and maximum estimates of average return periods of 2000-5000 years for M 6.5-7 co-seismic ruptures.

  15. Two new basaltic asteroids in the Outer Main Belt

    E-print Network

    Duffard, R

    2007-01-01

    The identification of other basaltic objects in the asteroid belt is mandatory to explain the diversity in the collection of basaltic meteorites. This diversity requires more than one differentiated parent body, a fact that is consistent with the diversity of differentiated parent bodies implied by the iron meteorites. Based on a list of previously identified candidate basaltic (V-type) asteroids, two asteroids in the outer main belt, (7472) Kumakiri and (10537) 1991 RY16, were spectroscopically observed during an observational run in Calar Alto Observatory, Spain. We confirm the V-type character of these two asteroids that, together with (1459) Magnya, become the only known traces of basaltic found in the outer main belt up to now. We also demonstrate that the searching for candidate V-type asteroids using a photometric survey, like the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, produces reliable results.

  16. Family Process 1962-1969.

    PubMed

    Beels, Christian

    2011-03-01

    This is a personal recollection of the first 8 years of Family Process, the volumes published under the first Editor, Jay Haley, and strongly influenced by the Mental Research Institute at Palo Alto, of which Haley was a member. The later influence of the group's "double bind" hypothesis of schizophrenia is explored. Some ideas about the influence of theory on practice are suggested. Several examples of experiments in the social setting of family work are picked out of these volumes because of their influence on later programs. Finally, the essay offers a retrospective appreciation of the influence of Gregory Bateson on the mood of "revolution" forecast in the opening years of Family Process. PMID:21361920

  17. The importance of leaf- and litter-feeding invertebrates as sources of animal protein for the Amazonian Amerindians.

    PubMed Central

    Paoletti, M G; Dufour, D L; Cerda, H; Torres, F; Pizzoferrato, L; Pimentel, D

    2000-01-01

    At least 32 Amerindian groups in the Amazon basin use terrestrial invertebrates as food. Leaf- and litter-consuming invertebrates provide the more important, underestimated food sources for many Amerindian groups. Further, litter-consuming earthworms are also an important food resource for the Ye'Kuana (also known as Makiritare) in the Alto Orinoco (Amazonas, Venezuela). By selecting these small invertebrates the Amerindians are choosing their animal food from those food webs in the rainforest which have the highest energy flow and which constitute the greatest renewable stock of readily available nutrients. Here we show that the consumption of leaf- and litter-feeding invertebrates as a means of recovering protein, fat and vitamins by the forest-living peoples offers a new perspective for the development of sustainable animal food production within the paradigm of biodiversity maintenance. PMID:11413639

  18. Funciones de partición atómicas: Fuentes confiables de datos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merlo, D. C.; Milone, L. A.

    Se llevó a cabo una revisión minuciosa del cálculo de funciones de partición atómicas de átomos livianos, en estados neutro y una vez ionizados, partiendo del Hidrógeno y llegando al Sodio, incluyendo también al K I y el Ca II. Al respecto, se realizó una investigación exhaustiva de referencias bibliográficas existentes hasta el presente, las cuales fueron cotejadas con cálculos propios llevados a cabo mediante el procedimiento de depresión del contínuo (0.001 a 0.5 eV). Nuestros resultados muestran un muy buen acuerdo con las expresiones interpolatorias de Traving et al (1966), al presente, la referencia más completa en cuanto a especies atómicas consideradas. Puntualizamos, además, ciertas deficiencias de estas relaciones de ajuste para decrementos del potencial de ionización altos (? ? >= 0.5) eV).

  19. The computational structural mechanics testbed architecture. Volume 2: Directives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Felippa, Carlos A.

    1989-01-01

    This is the second of a set of five volumes which describe the software architecture for the Computational Structural Mechanics Testbed. Derived from NICE, an integrated software system developed at Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, the architecture is composed of the command language (CLAMP), the command language interpreter (CLIP), and the data manager (GAL). Volumes 1, 2, and 3 (NASA CR's 178384, 178385, and 178386, respectively) describe CLAMP and CLIP and the CLIP-processor interface. Volumes 4 and 5 (NASA CR's 178387 and 178388, respectively) describe GAL and its low-level I/O. CLAMP, an acronym for Command Language for Applied Mechanics Processors, is designed to control the flow of execution of processors written for NICE. Volume 2 describes the CLIP directives in detail. It is intended for intermediate and advanced users.

  20. Lockheed Solar Observatory and the Discovery of Moreton-Ramsey Waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarbell, Theodore D.

    2014-06-01

    Moreton Waves are high-speed disturbances seen traveling away from large solar flares in H-alpha movies of the solar chromosphere. They were discovered by the observer Harry Ramsey in the late 1950s, and then published and publicized by the director Gail Moreton, both of the Lockheed Solar Observatory in the Hollywood Hills of Southern California. These efforts established the scientific reputation and secured continuing funding of the observatory, whose present-day successor is the Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Lab in Palo Alto. Moreton waves are rare, and there was limited interest in them until the EIT instrument on SOHO began seeing large numbers of similar waves in the corona in the late 1990s. The exact relation between the two observations is still a research topic today. This talk will describe some of the history of the observatory and the discovery and early interpretation of the waves.

  1. Increase of Ionizing Radiation at the Pfotzer Maximum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomez, Enrique; Carmichael-Coker, Michele

    2015-04-01

    Verso l'alto is a multi-disciplinary research and development project whose goal is to gain insight into the cosmic ray profile of the atmosphere and geolocation of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) over North Carolina, USA. This experiment is comprised of high-altitude weather balloons carrying radiation, pressure and temperature detectors. Eight successful balloon flights have been completed from October 2012-June 2014. Live tracking and telemetry of the flight is performed by an amateur radio communications payload, and beacon coordinates are uploaded to aprs.fi for real-time access online. We conclude that fluctuation peaks within the tropopause are due to the Pfotzer Maximum. Other statistically significant peaks within the time scale of minutes are observed. All data sets confirm peak counts within the Pfotzer Maximum, ranging from altitudes 13.4-22 km (44,146-72,441 feet).

  2. Outcomes of the 2013 GTO Workshop on Geothermal Code Comparison

    SciTech Connect

    Scheibe, Timothy D.; White, Mark D.; White, Signe K.

    2013-03-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is supporting the Department of Energy (DOE) Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) in organizing and executing a model comparison activity. This project is directed at testing, diagnosing differences, and demonstrating modeling capabilities of a worldwide collection of numerical simulators for evaluating geothermal technologies. A key element of the projct was the planning and implementation of a one-day project kickoff workshop, held February 14, 2013 in Palo Alto, CA. The primary goals of the workshop were to 1) introduce the project and its objectives to potential participating team members, and 2) develop an initial set of test problem descriptions for use in the execution stage. This report summarizes the outcomes of the workshop.

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Galaxies morphology and IR photometry II. (Gavazzi+ 1996)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gavazzi, G.; Pierini, D.; Baffa, C.; Lisi, F.; Hunt, L. K.; Randone, I.; Boselli, A.

    1996-05-01

    We present near-infrared H-band (1.65?m) surface photometry of 297 galaxies (mostly) in the Coma Supercluster obtained with the Arcetri NICMOS3 camera, ARNICA, mounted on the Gornergrat Infrared Telescope. Magnitudes and diameters within the 21.5mag/arcsec2 isophote, concentration indices, and total H magnitudes are derived. Combining these observations with those obtained similarly using the Calar Alto telescopes (Paper I, ) we find a strong positive correlation between the near-infrared concentration index and the galaxy H-band luminosity, and we analyze the consequent dependence of near-infrared growth-curves on H-band luminosity. For a description of the H band photometric system, see e.g. (2 data files).

  4. 1.65?m (H-band) surface photometry of galaxies. II. Observations of 297 galaxies with the TIRGO 1.5m telescope.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gavazzi, G.; Pierini, D.; Baffa, C.; Lisi, F.; Hunt, L. K.; Randone, I.; Boselli, A.

    1996-12-01

    We present near-infrared H-band (1.65?m) surface photometry of 297 galaxies (mostly) in the Coma Supercluster obtained with the Arcetri NICMOS3 camera, ARNICA, mounted on the Gornergrat Infrared Telescope. Magnitudes and diameters within the 21.5mag/arcsec^2^ isophote, concentration indices, and total H magnitudes are derived. Combining these observations with those obtained similarly using the Calar Alto telescopes (Paper I, 1996A&AS..120..489G) we find a strong positive correlation between the near-infrared concentration index and the galaxy H-band luminosity, and we analyze the consequent dependence of near-infrared growth-curves on H-band luminosity.

  5. Persistent dysphonia in two performers affecting the singing and projected speaking voice: a report on a collaborative approach to management.

    PubMed

    Baker, Janet

    2002-01-01

    The projected speaking voice and the singing voice are highly sensitive to external and internal influences, and teachers of spoken voice and singing are in a unique position to identify subtle and more serious vocal difficulties in their students. Persistent anomalies may herald early onset of changes in vocal fold structure, neurophysiological control, or emotional stability. Two cases are presented to illustrate the benefits of a collaborative approach to diagnosis and management. The first, a 21-year-old male drama and singing student with an abnormally high speaking voice and falsetto singing voice was found to have a psychogenic dysphonia referred to as "puberphonia" or "mutational falsetto". The second, a 34-year-old female alto with strained phonation and perceived stutter of the vocal folds was diagnosed with "adductor spasmodic dysphonia" or "focal laryngeal dystonia" of neurological origin. PMID:12608743

  6. CARMENES at PPVI. CARMENCITA Herbs and Spices to Help you Prepare a Genuine Target Sample

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caballero, J. A.; Cortés-Contreras, M.; Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; López-Santiago, J.; Klutsch, A.; Montes, D.; Morales, J. C.; Abellán de Paco, F. J.; Amado, P. J.; Béjar, V. J. S.; Jeffers, S.; Mundt, R.; Quirrenbach, A.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.; Zechmeister, M.

    2013-07-01

    CARMENCITA, the CARMENES Cool star Information and daTa Archive, is the M-dwarf database from where we will choose our best target sample. As part of our guaranteed time observations, about 300 late-type M dwarfs will be monitored by CARMENES from Calar Alto during over 600 nights. CARMENCITA currently catalogues over 2000 carefully-selected M dwarfs northern of delta > -23 deg. For each star, we tabulate dozens of parameters (accurate astrometry, spectral typing, photometry in 20 bands from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared, rotational and radial velocities, X-ray count rates and hardness ratios, close and wide multiplicity data and many more) compiled from the literature or measured by us with new data. The private on-line catalogue, including preparatory science observations (i.e., high-resolution imaging, low- and high-resolution spectroscopy), will be eventually public as a CARMENES legacy.

  7. No link yet, but EMF studies continue

    SciTech Connect

    1995-05-01

    The Edison Electric Institute (EEI) reports that the electric utility industry spent $10 million in 1994 on electric and magnetic fields (EMF) research conducted by the Electric Power Research Institute based in Palo Alto, California. To date, the electric utility industry has contributed close to $80 million since the 1970s. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will administer an interagency EMF program in 1995 called RAPID (the Research and Public Information Dissemination program). It is a five-year, $65 million effort by DOE and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). Some research elements are already under way. Congress has appropriated $8 million for the program in fiscal year (FY) `95. EEI member companies will contribute $4 million for FY`95 (compared to $3.2 million in FY`94) and are committed to contributing $16.5 million over the next five years.

  8. Impacts of Irrigation on Citrus in the Lower Rio Grande Valley (Spanish) 

    E-print Network

    Enciso, Juan; Sauls, Julian W.; Wiedenfeld, Robert P.; Nelson, Shad D.

    2008-07-11

    la Alimentaci?n (FAO), citan que una producci?n buena de c?tricos est? dentro de estos valores: Naranjos: de 400 a 550 frutas por ?rbol al a?o; es ? decir, de 10.1 a 16.1 toneladas al a?o por acre. Toronjos: de 300 a 400 frutas por ?rbol al a?o; es... los valores m?s altos (1.2 mmhos/cm) ocurren entre abril y junio. Estos valores se reducen hasta los 1.0 mmhos/cm (700 ppm) durante el resto del a?o. R?o abajo, los valores de salinidad aumentan: en el distrito de riego de Mercedes, la salinidad...

  9. El contexto de la familia y el vecindario en la salud de los ancianos del estudio EPESE hispano

    PubMed Central

    Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos A.; Camacho, María E.; Eschbach, Karl; Markides, Kyriakos S.

    2014-01-01

    RESUMEN En este artículo se discute el papel de la familia y el vecindario en la salud de los ancianos méjico-americanos del estudio EPESE (Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly) hispano. La paradoja epidemiológica consiste en que, a pesar de estar en desventaja socioeconómica, los ancianos hispanos tienen mortalidad relativamente menor que los ancianos de raza blanca. Esto es especialmente cierto cuando el anciano vive en los vecindarios donde hay un porcentaje alto de méjico-americanos. La familia también juega un papel importante en estos ancianos al disminuir el riesgo de institucionalización o de morbilidad. Asimismo, el estrés originado en problemas económicos o al depender económicamente de la familia, habiendo inmigrado en edades tardías, puede sobrepasar la capacidad de amortiguamiento del estrés y afectar la salud del anciano méjico-americano. PMID:25190897

  10. The computational structural mechanics testbed architecture. Volume 1: The language

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Felippa, Carlos A.

    1988-01-01

    This is the first set of five volumes which describe the software architecture for the Computational Structural Mechanics Testbed. Derived from NICE, an integrated software system developed at Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, the architecture is composed of the command language CLAMP, the command language interpreter CLIP, and the data manager GAL. Volumes 1, 2, and 3 (NASA CR's 178384, 178385, and 178386, respectively) describe CLAMP and CLIP, and the CLIP-processor interface. Volumes 4 and 5 (NASA CR's 178387 and 178388, respectively) describe GAL and its low-level I/O. CLAMP, an acronym for Command Language for Applied Mechanics Processors, is designed to control the flow of execution of processors written for NICE. Volume 1 presents the basic elements of the CLAMP language and is intended for all users.

  11. Examining Young Multiple Stellar Systems with Lucky Imaging and Adaptive Optics Observations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Csépány, G.; van den Ancker, M.; Abrahám, P.; Köhler, R.; Brandner, W.; Hormuth, F.

    2015-07-01

    We report on our follow-up program of a sample of young T Tauri binaries, which were discovered in the early 1990s using speckle interferometry or lucky imaging techniques. In the first phase of this survey we plan to re-observe about 30 T Tauri pairs in the northern sky using lucky imaging with the 1m RCC telescope at the Piszkéstet? Mountain Station, Hungary, or with the AstraLux Norte system on the 2.2m telescope at Calar Alto. The long baseline of more than 20 years gives us an opportunity to detect the orbital motion of the companions. In some of the systems it may eventually also be possible to determine the orbital parameters yielding model-independent system masses. These masses complemented with spectroscopic data can enable us to characterize the systems and examine the influence of multiplicity on the evolution of planet-forming disks.

  12. GOES-K solar panel inspection at Astrotech

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    Space Systems/LORAL employees inspect solar panels for the GOES-K weather satellite in the Astrotech facility at Titusville, Fla., as they begin final testing of the imaging system, communications and power systems of the spacecraft. The GOES-K is the third spacecraft to be launched in the new advanced series of geostationary weather satellites for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The GOES-K is built for NASA and NOAA by Space Systems/LORAL of Palo Alto, Calif. The launch of the satellite from Launch Pad 36B at Cape Canaveral Air Station on an Atlas 1 rocket (AC-79) is currently planned for Apr. 24 at the opening of a launch window which extends from 1:56 to 3:19 a.m. EDT.

  13. Normal incidence multilayer mirrors for extreme ultraviolet astronomy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stern, R. A.; Haisch, B. M.; Joki, E. G.; Catura, R. C.

    1984-01-01

    Sputtered multilayer coatings allow the use of normal incidence optics in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) region below 500 A. Multilayer mirrors can be tailored to provide images at strong EUV lines in the sun and stars, in many cases making more efficient use of the telescope aperture than grazing incidence optics. Alternatively, the bandpass can be broadened at the expense of peak effective area, by varying the multilayer structure over the mirror surface. Such mirrors can also serve as optical elements in spectrographs for investigation of specific emission and absorption line complexes, and are self-filtering in that they reject nearby geocoronal and cosmic resonance line backgrounds. Current efforts at the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory in the design, fabrication, and testing of EUV multilayer mirrors are discussed. This program includes the design and fabrication of normal incidence EUV multilayer mirrors, and the deposition of multilayers on lacquer-coated substrates.

  14. COMET-AR User's Manual: COmputational MEchanics Testbed with Adaptive Refinement

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moas, E. (Editor)

    1997-01-01

    The COMET-AR User's Manual provides a reference manual for the Computational Structural Mechanics Testbed with Adaptive Refinement (COMET-AR), a software system developed jointly by Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory and NASA Langley Research Center under contract NAS1-18444. The COMET-AR system is an extended version of an earlier finite element based structural analysis system called COMET, also developed by Lockheed and NASA. The primary extensions are the adaptive mesh refinement capabilities and a new "object-like" database interface that makes COMET-AR easier to extend further. This User's Manual provides a detailed description of the user interface to COMET-AR from the viewpoint of a structural analyst.

  15. Fast Non-destructive temperature measurement of two-electrons atoms in a magneto-optical trap

    E-print Network

    Matteo Cristiani; Tristan Valenzuela; Hannes Gothe; Jürgen Eschner

    2010-02-12

    We extend the technique originally proposed by Honda et al.to measure the temperature of Ytterbium and alkine-earth atoms confined in a Magneto-Optical Trap (MOT). The method is based on the analysis of excitation spectra obtained by probing the 1S0->3P1 inter-combination line. Thanks to a careful analysis and modeling of the effects caused by the MOT light on the probe transition we overcome the resolution and precision limits encountered in previous works. Ground state light shift and Rabi broadening are measured and successfully compared with calculated values. This knowledge allows us to properly extract the Doppler contribution to the linewidth, thus obtaining a reliable measurement of the cloud temperature. We finally show how spectroscopy on free-falling atoms provides an alternative method to determine the sample temperature which resembles the standard time-of-flight technique.

  16. [Voice classification in professional singers: the influence of vocal fold length, vocal tract length and body measurements].

    PubMed

    Mürbe, D; Roers, F; Sundberg, J

    2011-06-01

    Professional voice performance is strongly affected by the functional adjustments of the structures involved in voice production. Generally, these functional skills are required by means of intensive training. On the other hand, the individual morphology of the larynx and vocal tract limits this functional variability. Thus, to neglect morphological conditions might result in voice problems. The present paper summarizes investigations on the influence of morphological measurements on the voice classification of professional singers. Vocal fold length, vocal tract length and body height have been found to differ systematically between sopranos, mezzosopranos, altos, tenors, baritones and basses. Although the knowledge of morphological measures does not permit a definite assignment or prediction of the individual voice classification, the data are valuable for counseling by voice teachers and phoniatricians. This might contribute to the prevention of voice disorders. PMID:21547585

  17. Titanium addition practice, and maintenance for the hearths in AHMSA`s blast furnaces

    SciTech Connect

    Boone, A.G.; Jimenez, G.; Castillo, J.

    1997-12-31

    Altos Hornos de Mexico (AHMSA) is a steel company located in Northern Mexico, in the state of Coahuila. Currently there are three blast furnaces in operation and one more about to finish its general repair. This last one is to remain as a back-up unit. Because of blast furnace hearth wear outs AHMSA has developed some maintenance procedures. These procedures are based on titanium ore additions and hearth thermic control monitoring. There are also some other maintenance practices adopted to the working operations to assure that such operations detect and avoid in time hearth wear outs that place personnel and/or the unit in danger (due to hearth leaks). This paper describes titanium ore addition to No. 2 blast furnace during the final campaign and it also illustrates maintenance practices and continuous monitoring of temperature trends both of which were implemented at AHMSA`s No. 5 blast furnace.

  18. The computational structural mechanics testbed architecture. Volume 2: The interface

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Felippa, Carlos A.

    1988-01-01

    This is the third set of five volumes which describe the software architecture for the Computational Structural Mechanics Testbed. Derived from NICE, an integrated software system developed at Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, the architecture is composed of the command language CLAMP, the command language interpreter CLIP, and the data manager GAL. Volumes 1, 2, and 3 (NASA CR's 178384, 178385, and 178386, respectively) describe CLAMP and CLIP and the CLIP-processor interface. Volumes 4 and 5 (NASA CR's 178387 and 178388, respectively) describe GAL and its low-level I/O. CLAMP, an acronym for Command Language for Applied Mechanics Processors, is designed to control the flow of execution of processors written for NICE. Volume 3 describes the CLIP-Processor interface and related topics. It is intended only for processor developers.

  19. A decision-theoretic approach to the display of information for time-critical decisions: The Vista project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Horvitz, Eric; Ruokangas, Corinne; Srinivas, Sampath; Barry, Matthew

    1993-01-01

    We describe a collaborative research and development effort between the Palo Alto Laboratory of the Rockwell Science Center, Rockwell Space Operations Company, and the Propulsion Systems Section of NASA JSC to design computational tools that can manage the complexity of information displayed to human operators in high-stakes, time-critical decision contexts. We shall review an application from NASA Mission Control and describe how we integrated a probabilistic diagnostic model and a time-dependent utility model, with techniques for managing the complexity of computer displays. Then, we shall describe the behavior of VPROP, a system constructed to demonstrate promising display-management techniques. Finally, we shall describe our current research directions on the Vista 2 follow-on project.

  20. Vivid View of Tycho's Supernova Remnant

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    This composite image of the Tycho supernova remnant combines infrared and X-ray observations obtained with NASA's Spitzer and Chandra space observatories, respectively, and the Calar Alto observatory, Spain. It shows the scene more than four centuries after the brilliant star explosion witnessed by Tycho Brahe and other astronomers of that era.

    The explosion has left a blazing hot cloud of expanding debris (green and yellow). The location of the blast's outer shock wave can be seen as a blue sphere of ultra-energetic electrons. Newly synthesized dust in the ejected material and heated pre-existing dust from the area around the supernova radiate at infrared wavelengths of 24 microns (red). Foreground and background stars in the image are white.

  1. Secondary UBVRI-CCD standard stars in the neighbourhood of Landolt standard stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galadí-Enríquez, D.; Trullols, E.; Jordi, C.

    2000-10-01

    A list of 681 UBVRI secondary standard stars for CCD photometry is presented. Visual magnitude ranges from 9.7 to 19.4, and the B-V colour index varies from 1.15 to 1.97. The stars are grouped into 11 different fields, each of them is generally observable in a single CCD frame. The stars are located near Landolt UBVRI equatorial standards, accessible to telescopes in both hemispheres, and mainly within the 5 - 8 hours range of right ascension. Photometry, equatorial coordinates and finding charts are provided. Based on observations made at the Centro Astronómico Hispano-Alemán and the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional in Calar Alto, Almería, Spain. Full version of Table 4 is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

  2. Near infrared surface photometry of late-type Virgo cluster galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boselli, A.; Tuffs, R. J.; Gavazzi, G.; Hippelein, H.; Pierini, D.

    1997-03-01

    Near Infrared (K' band) surface photometry has been obtained for 102 (88 late-type) Virgo cluster galaxies. A subset of 20 galaxies was also imaged in the H band. Magnitudes and diameters within the 21.5 and 22.0 mag arcsec$^{-2}$ isophote, concentration indices and total H and K' magnitudes are derived. Basic statistical properties of a complete sample of spiral galaxies spanning the range 6.3 < K'_T < 13.5 are given. Tables 3, 5 and 6 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html} Based on observations taken at the Calar Alto Observatory, operated by the Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie (Heidelberg) jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy.

  3. Four colour photometry of binary systems. III. The early-type binary system CR Cassiopeiae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clement, R.; Fabregat, J.

    1998-02-01

    This paper presents new uvby light curves of the detached eclipsing binary CR Cas together with some Hbegin {equation}ta measurements. From the analysis of the photometry we have estimated preliminary values for interstellar reddening and distance, radiative parameters of both components and an approximation to the geometrical elements of the system. The intrinsic photometric indices are compatible with spectral types B0.5V + B1V. Based on observations collected with the Spanish 1.5~m. telescope at Calar Alto, Almeria, Spain. Table 4 will be accessible only in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

  4. MRI Artifacts of a Metallic Stent Derived From a Human Aorta Specimen

    SciTech Connect

    Soto, M. E.; Flores, P.; Marrufo, O.; Hidalgo, S. S.; Rodriguez, A. O.

    2010-12-07

    Magnetic resonance imaging has proved to be a useful technique to get images of the whole body. However, the presence of ferromagnetic material can cause susceptibility artifacts, which result from microscopic gradients that occur near the boundaries between areas displaying different magnetic susceptibility. These gradients cause dephasing of spins and frequency shifts in the surrounding tissues. Intravoxel dephasing and spatial mis-registration can degrade image quality. An aorta with a metallic stent was preserved in formaldehyde at 10% inside acrylic cylinders and used to obtain MR images. We tested pulsed spin echo and gradient echo sequences to improve image quality. All experiments were performed on a 7T/21 cm Varian system (Varian, Inc, Palo Alto, CA) equipped with Direct Drive technology and a 16-rung birdcage coil transceiver. The presence of metallic stents produces a lack of signal that might give falsely reassuring appearances within the vessel lumen.

  5. The computational structural mechanics testbed architecture. Volume 4: The global-database manager GAL-DBM

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, Mary A.; Regelbrugge, Marc E.; Felippa, Carlos A.

    1989-01-01

    This is the fourth of a set of five volumes which describe the software architecture for the Computational Structural Mechanics Testbed. Derived from NICE, an integrated software system developed at Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, the architecture is composed of the command language CLAMP, the command language interpreter CLIP, and the data manager GAL. Volumes 1, 2, and 3 (NASA CR's 178384, 178385, and 178386, respectively) describe CLAMP and CLIP and the CLIP-processor interface. Volumes 4 and 5 (NASA CR's 178387 and 178388, respectively) describe GAL and its low-level I/O. CLAMP, an acronym for Command Language for Applied Mechanics Processors, is designed to control the flow of execution of processors written for NICE. Volume 4 describes the nominal-record data management component of the NICE software. It is intended for all users.

  6. Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume III. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: production, unsponsored research

    SciTech Connect

    Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

    1980-10-01

    This document consists of the following papers: inorganic geochemistry studies of the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; lithology studies of upper Devonian well cuttings in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; possible effects of plate tectonics on the Appalachian Devonian black shale production in eastern Kentucky; preliminary depositional model for upper Devonian Huron age organic black shale in the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field; the anatomy of a large Devonian black shale gas field; the Cottageville (Mount Alto) Gas Field, Jackson County, West Virginia: a case study of Devonian shale gas production; the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field: a geological study of the relationships of Ohio Shale gas occurrences to structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and inorganic geochemical parameters; and a statistical analysis of geochemical data for the Eastern Kentucky Gas Field.

  7. High-resolution Lyman-alpha filtergrams of the sun

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bonnet, R. M.; Decaudin, M.; Bruner, E. C., Jr.; Acton, L. W.; Brown, W. A.

    1980-01-01

    The results of an experiment, conducted jointly by the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory and the Laboratoire de Physique Stellaire et Planetaire du CNRS, which investigated the transition-region plasma and the geometry of coronal active regions, in relation to models of the high-temperature layers, are presented. A Black Brant rocket was used to obtain 1-arc sec resolution L-alpha pictures of the sun, which revealed small scale features not seen previously at this wavelength, that delineate the geometry of the magnetic field in the chromosphere and in the corona. It is concluded that these observations might provide a new way of observing the upper chromosphere and corona, and that they provide direct evidence of the inhomogeneous character of the chromosphere and of the dominant role of the magnetic field

  8. Sustaining neutral beam power supply system for the Mirror Fusion Test Facility

    SciTech Connect

    Eckard, R.D.; Wilson, J.H.; Van Ness, H.W.

    1980-01-01

    In late August 1978, a fixed price procurement contract for $25,000,000 was awarded to Aydin Energy Division, Palo Alto, California, for the design, manufacture, installation and acceptance testing of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) Sustaining Neutral Beam Power Supply System (SNBPSS). This system of 24 power supply sets will provide the conditioned power for the 24 neutral beam source modules. Each set will provide the accel potential the arc power, the filament power, and the suppressor power for its associated neutral beam source module. The design and development of the SNBPSS has progressed through the final design phase and is now in production. Testing of the major sub-assembly power supply is proceeding at Aydin and the final acceptance testing of the first two power supplies at LLNL is expected to be completed this year.

  9. Patterned variation in prehistoric chiefdoms

    PubMed Central

    Drennan, Robert D.; Peterson, Christian E.

    2006-01-01

    Comparative study of early complex societies (chiefdoms) conjures visions of a cultural evolutionary emphasis on similarities and societal typology. Variation within the group has not been as systematically examined but offers an even more productive avenue of approach to fundamental principles of organization and change. Three widely separated trajectories of early chiefdom development are compared here: the Valley of Oaxaca (Mexico), the Alto Magdalena (Colombia), and Northeast China. Archaeological data from all three regions are analyzed with the same tools to reveal variation in human activities, relationships, and interactions as these change in the emergence of chiefly communities. Patterning in this variation suggests the operation of underlying general principles, which are offered as hypotheses that merit further investigation and evaluation in comparative study of a much larger number of cases. PMID:16473941

  10. Lotung downhole array. 1: Evaluation of site dynamic properties

    SciTech Connect

    Elgamal, A.W.; Zeghal, M.; Tang, H.T.; Stepp, J.C.

    1995-04-01

    The Lotung large-scale seismic test (LSST) site in Taiwan was instrumented in 1985 with an array of downhole and surface accelerometers, by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Palo Alto, California, and the Taiwan Power Company (TPC), Taipei, Taiwan. A total of 18 earthquakes were recorded during the period 1985--86. Correlation and spectral analyses of the recorded downhole accelerations are performed to evaluate shear wave propagation characteristics, variation of shear wave velocity with depth, and site resonant frequencies and modal configurations. A shear-beam model, calibrated by the identified site properties, is found to represent the site dynamic response characteristics over a wide frequency range. In a companion paper, strong-motion earthquake records are utilized to investigate the Lotung site large-strain soil response characteristics.

  11. SANGRE DE CRISTO WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, COLORADO.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Johnson, Bruce R.; Ellis, Clarence E.

    1984-01-01

    Mineral surveys were undertaken of a wilderness study area which includes most of the Sangre de Cristo Range of south-central Colorado. Four areas of probable mineral-resource potential for gold, silver, and base metals lie along a northwest structural trend which follows the western margin of the range north of the Great Sand Dunes National Monument and crosses the range south of the monument. An area of probable mineral-resource potential for similar minerals plus tungsten has been identified east of Blanca Peak at the extreme southern end of the study area. Another area of probable mineral-resource potential includes molybdenum mineralization associated with the Rito Alto stock. A small area of probable geothermal resource potential exists on the west side of the area around the Valley View Hot Springs. There is little promise for the occurrence of oil and gas resources.

  12. Site Prospection at San Pedro Mártir

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohigas, J.; Nuñez, J. M.; Guillén, P. F.; Lazo, F.; Hiriart, D.; Calvario, T.; Escoboza, O.; Valdez, J.; Córdova, A.; Sohn, E.

    2008-04-01

    Seeing and weather observations were conducted at 5 sites within the boundaries of the area reserved for astronomy at the Sierra of San Pedro Mártir National Park (SPM), for at least 15 nights at each one of these. Weather variables were measured using a Davis Weather Station and a Metek Ultrasonic Anemometer. Seeing information was collected with a NOAO RoboDIMM unit. Seeing and weather results were compared to those being delivered at the same time by the instrumentation of the Thirty Meter Telescope Project at the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (OAN) at SPM. Seeing differences are small in most cases. We recommend a long term campaign at the easily accessible site Llano Alto 1, where we found that seeing may be slightly better.

  13. CARMENES science preparation. High-resolution spectroscopy of M dwarfs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montes, D.; Caballero, J. A.; Jeffers, S.; Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; Mundt, R.; CARMENES Consortium

    2015-05-01

    To ensure an efficient use of CARMENES observing time, and the highest chances of success, it is necessary first to select the most promising targets. To achieve this, we are observing 500 M dwarfs at high-resolution (R = 30,000-48,000), from which we determine the projected rotational velocity vsin{i} with an accuracy better than 0.5-0.2 km/s and radial-velocity stability better than 0.2-0.1 km/s. Our aim is to have at least two spectra at different epochs of the final 300 CARMENES targets. Our observations with FEROS at ESO/MPG 2.2 m La Silla, CAFE at 2.2 m Calar Alto and HRS at Hobby Eberly Telescope allow us to identify single- and double-line spectroscopic binaries and, especially, fast rotators, which should be discarded from the target list for exoplanet searches. Here we present preliminary results.

  14. Covariance of lucky images for increasing objects contrast: diffraction-limited images in ground-based telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cagigal, Manuel P.; Valle, Pedro J.; Colodro-Conde, Carlos; Villó-Pérez, Isidro; Pérez-Garrido, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Images of stars adopt shapes far from the ideal Airy pattern due to atmospheric density fluctuations. Hence, diffraction-limited images can only be achieved by telescopes without atmospheric influence, e.g. spatial telescopes, or by using techniques like adaptive optics or lucky imaging. In this paper, we propose a new computational technique based on the evaluation of the COvariancE of Lucky Images (COELI). This technique allows us to discover companions to main stars by taking advantage of the atmospheric fluctuations. We describe the algorithm and we carry out a theoretical analysis of the improvement in contrast. We have used images taken with 2.2-m Calar Alto telescope as a test bed for the technique resulting that, under certain conditions, telescope diffraction limit is clearly reached.

  15. Search for sub-kilometer Kuiper belt objects using MIOSOTYS instrument

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maquet, Lucie; Doressoundiram, Alain; Roques, Francoise; Liu, Chih-Yuan

    2015-08-01

    MIOSOTYS (Multi-object Instrument for Occultations in the SOlar system and TransitorY Systems) is a multi-fiber positioner coupled with a fast photometry camera. This is a visitor instrument mounted on the 193 cm telescope at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence, France and on the 123 cm telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory, Spain. Our immediate goal is to characterize the spatial distribution and extension of the Kuiper Belt, and the physical size distribution of TNOs. We present the observation campaigns during 2010-2014, objectives and observing strategy. We report the detection of potential candidates for occultation events of TNOs. We will discuss more specifically the method used to process the data and the modelling of diffraction patterns. We, finally present the results obtained concerning the distribution of sub-kilometer TNOs in the Kuiper Belt.

  16. Period change in GP And

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez, E.; Rolland, A.; Lopez de Coca, P.

    1993-05-01

    GP And is a high amplitude d Scuti type star with V~10.m75, DV~0.m55, P=0.d0787 and spectral type A3 (Lopez de Coca et al. 1990, A & A 83, 51). To study the stability of its fundamental pulsation we have carried out simultaneous uvby photometry of this star in the years 1987 and 1992 at Sierra Nevada and Caltar Alto observatories, both in Spain. Ten new times of light maxima were obtained. In total, forty-one time s of light maxima (from 1973 to 1992, collected from Splittgerber 1976, Mitt. Veraend. Sterne 7, 137; Eggen 1978, IBVS 1517; Gieseking et al. 1979, A & AS 36, 457; Burchi et al. 1992, Mem. Soc. Astron. Ital. 63, 87 and us) were used to determinate the ephemeris of the light curve of GP And by means of the classical O-C method.

  17. Introduction to the computational structural mechanics testbed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lotts, C. G.; Greene, W. H.; Mccleary, S. L.; Knight, N. F., Jr.; Paulson, S. S.; Gillian, R. E.

    1987-01-01

    The Computational Structural Mechanics (CSM) testbed software system based on the SPAR finite element code and the NICE system is described. This software is denoted NICE/SPAR. NICE was developed at Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory and contains data management utilities, a command language interpreter, and a command language definition for integrating engineering computational modules. SPAR is a system of programs used for finite element structural analysis developed for NASA by Lockheed and Engineering Information Systems, Inc. It includes many complementary structural analysis, thermal analysis, utility functions which communicate through a common database. The work on NICE/SPAR was motivated by requirements for a highly modular and flexible structural analysis system to use as a tool in carrying out research in computational methods and exploring computer hardware. Analysis examples are presented which demonstrate the benefits gained from a combination of the NICE command language with a SPAR computational modules.

  18. Verification of FANTASTIC integrated code

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chauhan, Rajinder Singh

    1987-01-01

    FANTASTIC is an acronym for Failure Analysis Nonlinear Thermal and Structural Integrated Code. This program was developed by Failure Analysis Associates, Palo Alto, Calif., for MSFC to improve the accuracy of solid rocket motor nozzle analysis. FANTASTIC has three modules: FACT - thermochemical analysis; FAHT - heat transfer analysis; and FAST - structural analysis. All modules have keywords for data input. Work is in progress for the verification of the FAHT module, which is done by using data for various problems with known solutions as inputs to the FAHT module. The information obtained is used to identify problem areas of the code and passed on to the developer for debugging purposes. Failure Analysis Associates have revised the first version of the FANTASTIC code and a new improved version has been released to the Thermal Systems Branch.

  19. Rhodnius robustus in Bolivia identified by its wings.

    PubMed

    Matias, A; de la Rive, J X; Torrez, M; Dujardin, J P

    2001-10-01

    Wings of a Rhodnius specimen from Alto Beni (Bolivia) was examined for identification and compared with R. stali, R. robustus, (certified Bolivian species), R. pictipes and R. prolixus (suspected Bolivian species). A projection of the unidentified wings as supplementary data into a discriminant analysis of shape revealed clear cut differences with R. stali and R. pictipes, less differences with R. prolixus, and none with R. robustus. Combining global size and shape of the wings, the unknown specimen was identified as R. robustus. Thus, this study confirmed the presence of R. robustus in Bolivia. It also highlighted the possibility of morphometrics to taxonomically interpret one individual, or even one piece of an individual, when related species data are available for comparison. PMID:11685259

  20. CO2 gas detection properties of a TIO2/Al2O3 heterostructure under UV light irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaduman, Irmak; Demir, Mehmet; Y?ld?z, Dilber Esra; Acar, Selim

    2015-05-01

    Al/TiO2/p-Si and Al/T?O2/Al2O3/p-Si samples were prepared using the atomic layer deposition method (ALD) and their gas sensing properties were investigated. The electrical properties of the samples were studied using a two probe method in the temperature range 25-230 °C and at room temperature UV conditions. The TiO2/Al2O3 heterojunction sample exhibited an excellent gas sensing response to CO2 gas at room temperature and improved the effect of UV light irradiation. The results showed that heterostructures helped to improve the gas sensor properties, affected the sensing at room temperature and thus guided the design of photocatalysts. The TiO2/Al2O3 heterojunction prepared using this method can be used as a material for semiconductor gas sensors detecting poisonous gases like CO2 at room temperature with high sensitivity and selectivity.

  1. Measurement of precipitation induced FUV emission and Geocoronal Lyman Alpha from the IMI mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mende, Stephen B.; Fuselier, S. A.; Rairden, R. L.

    1995-01-01

    This final report describes the activities of the Lockheed Martin Palo Alto Research Laboratory in studying the measurement of ion and electron precipitation induced Far Ultra-Violet (FUV) emissions and Geocoronal Lyman Alpha for the NASA Inner Magnetospheric Imager (IMI) mission. this study examined promising techniques that may allow combining several FUV instruments that would separately measure proton aurora, electron aurora, and geocoronal Lyman alpha into a single instrument operated on a spinning spacecraft. The study consisted of two parts. First, the geocoronal Lyman alpha, proton aurora, and electron aurora emissions were modeled to determine instrument requirements. Second, several promising techniques were investigated to determine if they were suitable for use in an IMI-type mission. Among the techniques investigated were the Hydrogen gas cell for eliminating cold geocoronal Lyman alpha emissions, and a coded aperture spectrometer with sufficient resolution to separate Doppler shifted Lyman alpha components.

  2. The computational structural mechanics testbed architecture. Volume 5: The Input-Output Manager DMGASP

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Felippa, Carlos A.

    1989-01-01

    This is the fifth of a set of five volumes which describe the software architecture for the Computational Structural Mechanics Testbed. Derived from NICE, an integrated software system developed at Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory, the architecture is composed of the command language (CLAMP), the command language interpreter (CLIP), and the data manager (GAL). Volumes 1, 2, and 3 (NASA CR's 178384, 178385, and 178386, respectively) describe CLAMP and CLIP and the CLIP-processor interface. Volumes 4 and 5 (NASA CR's 178387 and 178388, respectively) describe GAL and its low-level I/O. CLAMP, an acronym for Command Language for Applied Mechanics Processors, is designed to control the flow of execution of processors written for NICE. Volume 5 describes the low-level data management component of the NICE software. It is intended only for advanced programmers involved in maintenance of the software.

  3. Using Facebook Within a Geriatric Pharmacotherapy Course

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate using an Internet-based social networking site within an elective geriatric pharmacotherapy course. Design Thirty pharmacy students enrolled in a geriatric pharmacotherapy elective course were invited to join a closed Facebook (Facebook Inc, Palo Alto, CA) group to enhance communication among students and faculty members within the course. Creating a discussion board was the primary activity in the course. Each week, 3 students were assigned to post a healthy aging topic, and other students in the class were expected to post their comments and reactions. The healthy aging topics also were discussed during class. Assessment Students wrote reflections about their experiences using Facebook for the activities within this course. A survey instrument also measured students' opinions about using Facebook for educational purposes. Conclusion Using Facebook allowed students to discuss topics more openly and encouraged classroom discussions of healthy aging topics. PMID:21179256

  4. Implementation of ion based applications for safeguards

    SciTech Connect

    Martinez, R.L.; Johnson, C.S.

    1996-08-01

    The uses of the LON, `Local Operating Network,` developed by Echelon Corporation, Palo Alto, California, has been expanded to handle a number of safeguards applications. A magnetic and vibration sensor pack has been developed to monitor for magnetic fields and vibration. This sensor pack can be attached to any source that generates a magnetic field, such as electrical solenoids or motors, to detect when the source is activated. New network nodes that interface directly with the raw data of Sandia developed radiation sensors, for detecting the presence of radiation sources, have been developed. The capacity of the network has been expanded to allow the transmission of large data sets, specifically the transmission of digital video images from the Sandia-developed-Image Compression and Authentication Module (ICAM).

  5. Cathode performance during two beam operation of the high current high polarization electron gun for eRHIC

    SciTech Connect

    Rahman, O.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Degen, C.; Gassner, D. M.; Lambiase, R.; Meng, W.; Pikin, A.; Rao, T.; Sheehy, B.; Skaritka, J.; Wang, E.; Pietz, J.; Ackeret, M.; Yeckel, C.; Miller, R.; Dobrin, E.; Thompson, K.

    2015-05-03

    Two electron beams from two activated bulk GaAs photocathodes were successfully combined during the recent beam test of the High Current High Polarization Electron gun for eRHIC. The beam test took place in Stangenes Industries in Palo Alto, CA, where the cathodes were placed in diagonally opposite locations inside the high voltage shroud. No significant cross talking between the cathodes was found for the pertinent vacuum and low average current operation, which is very promising towards combining multiple beams for higher average current. This paper describes the cathode preparation, transport and cathode performance in the gun for the combining test, including the QE and lifetimes of the photocathodes at various steps of the experiment.

  6. PMAS, the Potsdam Multi-Aperture Spectrophotometer. I. Design, Manufacture, and Performance

    E-print Network

    M. M. Roth; A. Kelz; T. Fechner; T. Hahn; S. -M. Bauer; T. Becker; P. Boehm; L. Christensen; F. Dionies; J. Paschke; E. Popow; D. Wolter; J. Schmoll; U. Laux; W. Altmann

    2005-02-28

    We describe the design, manufacture, commissioning, and performance of PMAS, the Potsdam Multi-Aperture Spectrophotometer. PMAS is a dedicated integral field spectrophotometer, optimized to cover the optical wavelength regime of 0.35--1um. It is based on the lens array -- fiber bundle principle of operation. The instrument employs an all-refractive fiber spectrograph, built with CaF2 optics, to provide good transmission and high image quality over the entire nominal wavelength range. A set of user-selectable reflective gratings provides low to medium spectral resolution in first order of approx. 1.5, 3.2, and 7 A, depending on the groove density (1200, 600, 300 gr/mm). While the standard integral field unit (IFU) uses a 16x16 element lens array, which provides seeing-limited sampling in a relatively small field-of-view (FOV) in one of three magnifications (8x8, 12x12, or 16x16 arcsec^2, respectively), a recently retrofitted bare fiber bundle IFU (PPak) expands the FOV to a hexagonal area with a footprint of 65x74 arcsec^2. Other special features include a cryogenic CCD camera for field acquisition and guiding, a nod-shuffle mode for beam switching and improved sky background subtraction, and a scanning Fabry-Perot etalon in combination with the standard IFU (PYTHEAS mode). PMAS was initially designed and built as an experimental traveling instrument with optical interfaces to various telescopes (Calar Alto 3.5m, ESO-VLT, LBT). It is offered as a common user instrument at Calar Alto under contract with MPIA Heidelberg since 2002.

  7. Development of a patient-specific 3D dose evaluation program for QA in radiation therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Suk; Chang, Kyung Hwan; Cao, Yuan Jie; Shim, Jang Bo; Yang, Dae Sik; Park, Young Je; Yoon, Won Sup; Kim, Chul Yong

    2015-03-01

    We present preliminary results for a 3-dimensional dose evaluation software system ( P DRESS, patient-specific 3-dimensional dose real evaluation system). Scanned computed tomography (CT) images obtained by using dosimetry were transferred to the radiation treatment planning system (ECLIPSE, VARIAN, Palo Alto, CA) where the intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) nasopharynx plan was designed. We used a 10 MV photon beam (CLiX, VARIAN, Palo Alto, CA) to deliver the nasopharynx treatment plan. After irradiation, the TENOMAG dosimeter was scanned using a VISTA ™ scanner. The scanned data were reconstructed using VistaRecon software to obtain a 3D dose distribution of the optical density. An optical-CT scanner was used to readout the dose distribution in the gel dosimeter. Moreover, we developed the P DRESS by using Flatform, which were developed by our group, to display the 3D dose distribution by loading the DICOM RT data which are exported from the radiotherapy treatment plan (RTP) and the optical-CT reconstructed VFF file, into the independent P DRESS with an ioniz ation chamber and EBT film was used to compare the dose distribution calculated from the RTP with that measured by using a gel dosimeter. The agreement between the normalized EBT, the gel dosimeter and RTP data was evaluated using both qualitative and quantitative methods, such as the isodose distribution, dose difference, point value, and profile. The profiles showed good agreement between the RTP data and the gel dosimeter data, and the precision of the dose distribution was within ±3%. The results from this study showed significantly discrepancies between the dose distribution calculated from the treatment plan and the dose distribution measured by a TENOMAG gel and by scanning with an optical CT scanner. The 3D dose evaluation software system ( P DRESS, patient specific dose real evaluation system), which were developed in this study evaluates the accuracies of the three-dimensional dose distributions. Further applications of the system utility are expected to result from future studies.

  8. Tick-borne encephalitis in north-east Italy: a 14-year retrospective study, January 2000 to December 2013.

    PubMed

    Rezza, Giovanni; Farchi, Francesca; Pezzotti, Patrizio; Ruscio, Maurizio; Lo Presti, Alessandra; Ciccozzi, Massimo; Mondardini, Valeria; Paternoster, Claudio; Bassetti, Matteo; Merelli, Maria; Scotton, Pier Giorgio; Luzzati, Roberto; Simeoni, Josef; Mian, Peter; Mel, Rosanna; Carraro, Valter; Zanin, Alessandra; Ferretto, Roberto; Francavilla, Ermenegildo

    2015-10-01

    Italy is considered at low incidence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), and the occurrence of human cases of TBE appears to be geographically restricted to the north east of the country. However, most information to date derives from case series, with no systematic data collection. To estimate incidence rates (IR) and spatial distribution of TBE cases, we conducted a retrospective study in north-eastern Italy. Data were collected through the infectious disease units and public health districts of three regions (Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trentino Alto Adige and Veneto) between 2000 and 2013. Overall, 367 cases were identified (IR: 0.38/100,000). The cases' median age was 56 years and 257 (70%) were male. Central nervous system involvement was reported in 307 cases (84%). Annual fluctuations in case numbers occurred, with peaks in 2006 and in 2013, when 44 and 42 cases were respectively observed. A strong seasonality effect was noted, with the highest number of cases in July. In terms of geographical location, three main endemic foci with high TBE IR (> 10/100,000) were identified in three provinces, namely Belluno (Veneto region), Udine (Friuli Venezia Giulia) and Trento (Trentino Alto-Adige). When investigating the whole study area in terms of altitude, the IR between 400 and 600?m was greater (2.41/100,000) than at other altitudes (p< 0.01). In conclusion, the incidence of TBE in Italy is relatively low, even considering only the three known affected regions. However, three endemic foci at high risk were identified. In these areas, where the risk of TBEV infection is likely high, more active offer of TBE vaccination could be considered. PMID:26537646

  9. LONG-TERM MONITORING OF COMET 103P/HARTLEY 2

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Z.-Y.; Ip, W.-H.; Lara, L. M. E-mail: lara@iaa.csic.es

    2013-07-01

    We report the spectrophotometric, photometric, and imaging monitoring results of comet 103P/Hartley 2 obtained at the Lulin (1 m), Calar Alto (2.2 m), and Beijing Astronomical (2.16 m) observatories from 2010 April to December. We found that a dust feature in the sunward direction was detected starting from the end of September until the beginning of December (our last observation from the Lulin and Calar Alto observatories). Two distinct sunward jet features in the processed images were observed on October 11 and after October 29 until November 2. In parallel, the CN images reveal two asymmetrical jet features which are nearly perpendicular to the Sun-nucleus direction, these asymmetrical features imply that the comet was in a nearly side-on view in late October and early November. In addition to the jet features, the average result of the C{sub 2}-to-CN production rate ratio ranges from 0.7 to 1.5, consistent with 103P/Hartley 2 being of typical cometary chemistry. We found that the r{sub h} dependence for the dust production rate, Af{rho} (5000 km), is -3.75 {+-} 0.45 before perihelion and -3.44 {+-} 1.20 during the post-perihelion period. We detected higher dust reddening around the optocenter and decreased reddening along the sunward jet feature. We concluded that higher dust reddening could be associated with strong jet activity while lower dust reddening could be associated with the outburst or might imply changes in the optical properties. The average dust color did not appear to vary significantly as the comet passed through perihelion.

  10. Acceptability of an Embodied Conversational Agent-based Computer Application for Hispanic Women

    PubMed Central

    Wells, Kristen J.; Vázquez-Otero, Coralia; Bredice, Marissa; Meade, Cathy D.; Chaet, Alexis; Rivera, Maria I.; Arroyo, Gloria; Proctor, Sara K.; Barnes, Laura E.

    2015-01-01

    There are few Spanish language interactive, technology-driven health education programs. Objectives of this feasibility study were to: 1) learn more about computer and technology usage among Hispanic women living in a rural community; and 2) evaluate acceptability of the concept of using an embodied conversational agent (ECA) computer application among this population. A survey about computer usage history and interest in computers was administered to a convenience sample of 26 women. A sample video prototype of a hospital discharge ECA was administered followed by questions to gauge opinion about the ECA. Data indicate women exhibited both a high level of computer experience and enthusiasm for the ECA. Feedback from community is essential to ensure equity in state of the art dissemination of health information. Hay algunos programas interactivos en español que usan la tecnología para educar sobre la salud. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron: 1) aprender más sobre el uso de computadoras y tecnología entre mujeres Hispanas que viven en comunidades rurales y 2) evaluar la aceptabilidad del concepto de usar un programa de computadora utilizando un agente de conversación encarnado (ECA) en esta población. Se administro una encuesta sobre el historial de uso y del interés de aprender sobre computadoras fue a 26 mujeres por muestreo de conveniencia. Un ejemplo del prototipo ECA en forma de video de un alta hospitalaria fue administrado y fue seguido por preguntas sobre la opinión que tenían del ECA. Los datos indican que las mujeres mostraron un alto nivel de experiencia con las computadoras y un alto nivel de entusiasmo sobre el ECA. La retroalimentación de la comunidad es esencial para asegurar equidad en la diseminación de información sobre la salud con tecnología de punta. PMID:26671558

  11. Effects of acid mine effluent on sediment and water geochemistry, Ruttan Cu-Zn mine

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shilts, W.W.

    1996-01-01

    Waters were collected from the surface and bottom of four lakes as well as from the Churchill River and approximately 20 small ponds beside the Leaf Rapids-Ruttan mine-South Indian Lake road to determine geochemical variations related to tailings and waste rock disposal from the Ruttan Cu-Zn VHMS deposit. Using sonar profiling as a guide, grab samples and cores of sediments were also collected in Ruttan, Brehaut, Rusty, and Alto lakes to investigate the geochemical and sedimentological effects of liming the acid (pH 2.5) outflow from Ruttan Lake. Preliminary results indicate that metals anthropogenically enriched in Ruttan Lake (Zn, Cd, and Hg in particular) are scavenged and precipitated at the inflow end of Brehaut Lake as a result of adding lime solutions to the Vermilion River, midway through the 500 m reach that connects Ruttan Lake and Brehaut Lake. Zn in Ruttan Lake water (up to 17 ppm) is precipitated in the limey sediment. Zn is not enriched in waters of Rusty Lake, the next lake downstream from Brehaut Lake. Rusty Lake has Zn concentrations comparable to background water from Alto Lake (<10 ppb Zn). At present, liming appears to be controlling metal migration effectively, but a body of Zn-Cd-Hg-rich carbonate precipitate occupies the south end of Brehaut Lake which, without liming, would be receiving water of pH 2.5 from Ruttan Lake, resulting in a remobilization of metals. The related study also showed that Zn concentrations are elevated in water in contact with waste rock used to upgrade sections of the Leaf Rapids-South Indian Lake and Brehaut Lake roads.

  12. Detection of the secondary eclipse of WASP-10b in the Ks-band

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cruz, Patricia; Barrado, David; Lillo-Box, Jorge; Diaz, Marcos; Birkby, Jayne; López-Morales, Mercedes; Hodgkin, Simon; Fortney, Jonathan J.

    2015-02-01

    Context. WASP-10b, a non-inflated hot Jupiter, was discovered around a K-dwarf in a near circular orbit (~0.06). Since its discovery in 2009, different published parameters for this system have led to a discussion about the size, density, and eccentricity of this exoplanet. Aims: In order to test the hypothesis of a circular orbit for WASP-10b, we observed its secondary eclipse in the Ks-band, where the contribution of planetary light is high enough to be detected from the ground. Methods: Observations were performed with the OMEGA2000 instrument at the 3.5 m telescope at Calar Alto (Almería, Spain), in staring mode during 5.4 continuous hours, with the telescope defocused, monitoring the target during the expected secondary eclipse. A relative light curve was generated and corrected from systematic effects, using the principal component analysis (PCA) technique. The final light curve was fitted using a transit model to find the eclipse depth and a possible phase shift. Results: The best model obtained from the Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis resulted in an eclipse depth of ?F of 0.137%+0.013%-0.019% and a phase offset of ?? of -0.0028 +0.0005-0.0004. The eclipse phase offset derived from our modeling has systematic errors that were not taken into account and should not be considered as evidence of an eccentric orbit. The offset in phase obtained leads to a value for | ecos? | of 0.0044. The derived eccentricity is too small to be of any significance. Based on observations collected at the Calar Alto Observatory, Almería, Spain.

  13. TH-E-17A-11: Tracking Tumor’s Boundary in MV Image Sequences for Image-Guided Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, X; Homma, N; Ichiji, K; Abe, M; Sugita, N; Yoshizawa, M; Narita, Y; Takai, Y

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To develop a level set method (LSM)-based algorithm to track the tumor’s boundary in MV image sequences for image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). Method: Four MV image sequences, each of which consists of 100 frames at frame rate of 7.5 Hz, are acquired by using the electronic portal imaging device (EPID) (Varian Medical Systems, Pal Alto, USA) during the treatment of lung cancer. In the first frame of each sequence, we roughly delineate an initial contour of the target tumor by hand. Using a LSM-based algorithm, the initial contour can automatically shape itself to fit the tumor, and eventually detect the tumor’s boundary. We then employ the tumor’s boundary obtained from the previous frame as the initial contour in the subsequent frame, so that the LSM-based method can drive this initial contour to the tumor’s boundary quickly and fulfill a tracking task. Results: The proposed method has been evaluated on four MV image sequences. The mean tracking errors were 0.23, 0.29, 0.37, and 1.18 mm, and their corresponding standard deviations were 0.97, 0.75, 1.2 and 1.48 mm, respectively. Conclusion: Compared with conventional tumor tracking techniques, the proposed system is capable not only of tracking the tumor’s position, but also of detecting the tumor’s boundary varying with the respiration during the treatment. Considering current radiation therapy technique, for example, dynamical multi-leaf collimator (DMLC) has been widely applied in clinical treatment, this study indicates the potential for significant accuracy improvement in radiation therapy. This work was partially supported by a research grant from Varian Medical Systems (Palo Alto, California)

  14. Volcanic history and 40Ar/39Ar and 14C geochronology of Terceira Island, Azores, Portugal

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Calvert, A.T.; Moore, R.B.; McGeehin, J.P.; Rodrigues da Silva, A.M.

    2006-01-01

    Seven new 40Ar/39Ar and 23 new radiocarbon ages of eruptive units, in support of new geologic mapping, improve the known chronology of Middle to Late Pleistocene and Holocene volcanic activity on the island of Terceira, Azores and define an east-to-west progression in stratovolcano growth. The argon ages indicate that Cinco Picos Volcano, the oldest on Terceira, completed its main subaerial cone building activity by about 370-380??ka. Collapse of the upper part of the stratovolcanic edifice to form a 7 ?? 9??km caldera occurred some time after 370??ka. Postcaldera eruptions of basalt from cinder cones on and near the caldera floor and trachytic pyroclastic flow and pumice fall deposits from younger volcanoes west of Cinco Picos have refilled much of the caldera. The southern portion of Guilherme Moniz Volcano, in the central part of the island, began erupting prior to 270??ka and produced trachyte domes, flows, and minor pyroclastic deposits until at least 111??ka. The northern part of Guilherme Moniz Caldera is less well exposed than the southern part, but reflects a similar age range. The northwest portion of the caldera was formed sometime after 44??ka. Several well-studied ignimbrites that blanket much of the island likely erupted from Guilherme Moniz Volcano. The Pico Alto Volcanic Center, a tightly spaced cluster of trachyte domes and short flows, is a younger part of Guilherme Moniz Volcano. Stratigraphic studies and our new radiocarbon ages suggest that most of the Pico Alto eruptions occurred during the period from about 9000 to 1000??years BP. Santa Barbara Volcano is the youngest stratovolcano on Terceira, began erupting prior to 29??ka, and has been active historically. ?? 2006.

  15. Evaluation of artificial recharge in the Mojave River Ground-Water Basin, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stamos, Christina L.; Martin, Peter; Predmore, Steven K.

    2002-01-01

    The Mojave River Basin relies almost entirely on ground water to meet the needs of its growing population and agriculture, which has resulted in overdraft conditions. Some of the ground-water management alternatives being proposed to mitigate the effects of overdraft include artificial recharge using water from the California State Water Project (SWP) and using SWP water in lieu of ground-water pumpage. A calibrated ground-water flow model was used to evaluate six proposed water-management alternatives using SWP water during a 20-year simulation period, 2000-2019, using constant rates from 1999 for recharge and pumpage (with the exception of recharge derived from Mojave River streamflows which were variable). The measured streamflow for the period of 1970-1989 was used to simulate the Mojave River streamflow. Water-management alternative 1 assumed that none of the Mojave Water Agency allocation of SWP water was available for mitigation measures and resulted in increases in hydraulic head in the floodplain aquifer in years of above-average streamflow (2008-2010, 2013) and decreases in years of below average streamflow. In general, simulated hydraulic heads in the regional aquifer declined with the exception of the El Mirage and Harper Lake areas. Also, average storage depletion for the entire ground-water basin over the 20-year simulation was 40,940 acre-feet per year. Water-management alternative 2 assumed that 30,000 acre-feet per year of SWP water was artificially recharged at Rock Springs Road Outlet (RSO). By 2019, the simulated hydraulic heads were as much as 75 feet higher in the Alto at the recharge site, 24 feet higher in the Transition zone, 15 feet higher in the Centro, and 17 feet higher in the Baja model subareas than the hydraulic heads resulting from water-management alternative 1. Water-management alternative 2 affected simulated hydraulic heads by as much as 5 feet in an area totalling 290 square miles; most of the change occurred in the Alto and Baja model subareas. Average storage depletion for water-management alternative 2 for the entire ground-water basin for the 20-year simulation period was 15,880 acre-feet per year, 25,060 acre-feet per year less than water-management alternative 1. Also, water-management alternative 2 indicated that the artificial recharge at RSO resulted in less simulated ground-water recharge from stream leakage in the Alto model subarea, which led to greater streamflow at the Lower Narrows, Barstow, and Afton Canyon streamflow gages. This increased streamflow resulted in an increase in simulated ground-water recharge from stream leakage, primarily in the Centro and Baja model subareas. Water-management alternative 3 assumed that 4,000 acre-feet per year of SWP water was artificially recharged at Manzanita and Oro Grande Washes (a total of 8,000 acre-feet per year) in the Alto model subarea. By 2019, the simulated hydraulic heads beneath the recharge sites were as much as 278 feet higher than heads resulting from water-management alternative 1. Changes in simulated hydraulic head greater than 5 feet covered almost 138 square miles in the Alto model subarea. Water-management alternative 3 had little effect on simulated hydraulic heads in the other model subareas. Model results indicated that the average storage depletion for the entire ground-water basin during the 20-year simulation was 32,940 acre-feet per year, about 8,000 acre-feet per year less than water-management alternative 1. Water-management alternative 3 had essentially no effect on simulated streamflows during the 20-year simulation period and, therefore, little effect on simulated net stream leakage. Water-management alternative 4 assumed 10,000 acre-feet per year of SWP water was artificially recharged near Newberry Springs in the Baja subarea. By 2019, the simulated hydraulic heads beneath the recharge site were as much as 193 ft higher in the Baja model subarea than the hydraulic heads res

  16. Clinical assessment of the jaw-tracking function in IMRT for a brain tumor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jin-Young; Kim, Shin-Wook; Choe, Bo-Young; Suh, Tae-Suk; Park, Sung-Kwang; Jo, Sun-Mi; Oh, Won-Yong; Shin, Jung-Wook; Cho, Gyu-Seok; Nam, Sang-Hee; Chung, Jin-Beom; Kim, Jung-Ki; Lee, Young-Kyu

    2015-01-01

    Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) improves dose conformity and saves critical organs. IMRT is widely used in cases of head and neck, prostate, and brain cancer due to the close location of the targets to critical structures. However, because IMRT has a larger amount of radiation exposure than 3 dimensional-conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT), it has disadvantages such as increases in the low dose irradiation to normal tissues and in the accumulated dose for the whole volume due to leakage and transmission of the multi-leaf collimator (MLC). The increased accumulated dose and the larger low dose may increase the occurrence of secondary malignant neoplasms. For these reasons, the jaw-tracking function of the TrueBeam (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) was developed to reduce the leakage and the transmission dose of the MLC with linear accelerators. However, the change in the superficial dose has not been verified with a quantitative analysis of the dose reduction in a brain tumor. Therefore, in the present study, we intended to verify the clinical possibility of utilizing the jaw-tracking function for a brain tumor by comparing treatment plans and superficial doses. To accomplish this, we made three types of original treatment plans using Eclipse11 (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA): 1) farther than 2 cm from the organs at risk (OAR); 2) within 2 cm of the OAR; and 3) intersecting with the OAR. Jaw-tracking treatment plans were also made with copies of the original treatment plan using Smart LMC Version 11.0.31 (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). A comparison between the original treatment plans and jaw-tracking treatment plans was performed using the difference of the mean dose and maximum dose to the OARs in cumulative Dose Volume Histogram (DVH). In addition, the dependencies of the effects of transmission and the scattering doses according to jaw motion were assessed through the difference in the surface doses. In the DVH comparison, a maximum dose difference of 0.4% was observed between the planning methods in the case of over 2 cm distance, and the maximum dose of 0.6% was obtained for within the 2 cm distance. For the case intersecting with the OAR, the maximum dose difference of 2.3% was achieved. According to these results, the differences in the mean doses and the maximum doses to the OARs ware larger when the OARs and the planning target volume (PTV) were closer. In addition, small differences in the surface dose measurements were observed. In the case of the inside field, the differences were under 2% of the prescription dose while the difference was under 0.1% in the case of the outside field. Therefore, treatment plans with the jaw-tracking function consistently affected the dose reduction for a brain tumor, and the clinical possibility could be verified as the surface dose was not increased.

  17. CARMENES instrument overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quirrenbach, A.; Amado, P. J.; Caballero, J. A.; Mundt, R.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.; Seifert, W.; Abril, M.; Aceituno, J.; Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; Ammler-von Eiff, M.; Antona Jiménez, R.; Anwand-Heerwart, H.; Azzaro, M.; Bauer, F.; Barrado, D.; Becerril, S.; Béjar, V. J. S.; Benítez, D.; Berdiñas, Z. M.; Cárdenas, M. C.; Casal, E.; Claret, A.; Colomé, J.; Cortés-Contreras, M.; Czesla, S.; Doellinger, M.; Dreizler, S.; Feiz, C.; Fernández, M.; Galadí, D.; Gálvez-Ortiz, M. C.; García-Piquer, A.; García-Vargas, M. L.; Garrido, R.; Gesa, L.; Gómez Galera, V.; González Álvarez, E.; González Hernández, J. I.; Grözinger, U.; Guàrdia, J.; Guenther, E. W.; de Guindos, E.; Gutiérrez-Soto, J.; Hagen, H.-J.; Hatzes, A. P.; Hauschildt, P. H.; Helmling, J.; Henning, T.; Hermann, D.; Hernández Castaño, L.; Herrero, E.; Hidalgo, D.; Holgado, G.; Huber, A.; Huber, K. F.; Jeffers, S.; Joergens, V.; de Juan, E.; Kehr, M.; Klein, R.; Kürster, M.; Lamert, A.; Lalitha, S.; Laun, W.; Lemke, U.; Lenzen, R.; López del Fresno, Mauro; López Martí, B.; López-Santiago, J.; Mall, U.; Mandel, H.; Martín, E. L.; Martín-Ruiz, S.; Martínez-Rodríguez, H.; Marvin, C. J.; Mathar, R. J.; Mirabet, E.; Montes, D.; Morales Muñoz, R.; Moya, A.; Naranjo, V.; Ofir, A.; Oreiro, R.; Pallé, E.; Panduro, J.; Passegger, V.-M.; Pérez-Calpena, A.; Pérez Medialdea, D.; Perger, M.; Pluto, M.; Ramón, A.; Rebolo, R.; Redondo, P.; Reffert, S.; Reinhardt, S.; Rhode, P.; Rix, H.-W.; Rodler, F.; Rodríguez, E.; Rodríguez-López, C.; Rodríguez-Pérez, E.; Rohloff, R.-R.; Rosich, A.; Sánchez-Blanco, E.; Sánchez Carrasco, M. A.; Sanz-Forcada, J.; Sarmiento, L. F.; Schäfer, S.; Schiller, J.; Schmidt, C.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M.; Solano, E.; Stahl, O.; Storz, C.; Stürmer, J.; Suárez, J. C.; Ulbrich, R. G.; Veredas, G.; Wagner, K.; Winkler, J.; Zapatero Osorio, M. R.; Zechmeister, M.; Abellán de Paco, F. J.; Anglada-Escudé, G.; del Burgo, C.; Klutsch, A.; Lizon, J. L.; López-Morales, M.; Morales, J. C.; Perryman, M. A. C.; Tulloch, S. M.; Xu, W.

    2014-07-01

    This paper gives an overview of the CARMENES instrument and of the survey that will be carried out with it during the first years of operation. CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exoearths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a next-generation radial-velocity instrument under construction for the 3.5m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions. The scientific goal of the project is conducting a 600-night exoplanet survey targeting ~ 300 M dwarfs with the completed instrument. The CARMENES instrument consists of two separate echelle spectrographs covering the wavelength range from 0.55 to 1.7 ?m at a spectral resolution of R = 82,000, fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope. The spectrographs are housed in vacuum tanks providing the temperature-stabilized environments necessary to enable a 1 m/s radial velocity precision employing a simultaneous calibration with an emission-line lamp or with a Fabry-Perot etalon. For mid-M to late-M spectral types, the wavelength range around 1.0 ?m (Y band) is the most important wavelength region for radial velocity work. Therefore, the efficiency of CARMENES has been optimized in this range. The CARMENES instrument consists of two spectrographs, one equipped with a 4k x 4k pixel CCD for the range 0.55 - 1.05 ?m, and one with two 2k x 2k pixel HgCdTe detectors for the range from 0.95 - 1.7?m. Each spectrograph will be coupled to the 3.5m telescope with two optical fibers, one for the target, and one for calibration light. The front end contains a dichroic beam splitter and an atmospheric dispersion corrector, to feed the light into the fibers leading to the spectrographs. Guiding is performed with a separate camera; on-axis as well as off-axis guiding modes are implemented. Fibers with octagonal cross-section are employed to ensure good stability of the output in the presence of residual guiding errors. The fibers are continually actuated to reduce modal noise. The spectrographs are mounted on benches inside vacuum tanks located in the coudé laboratory of the 3.5m dome. Each vacuum tank is equipped with a temperature stabilization system capable of keeping the temperature constant to within +/-0.01°C over 24 hours. The visible-light spectrograph will be operated near room temperature, while the near-IR spectrograph will be cooled to ~ 140 K. The CARMENES instrument passed its final design review in February 2013. The MAIV phase is currently ongoing. First tests at the telescope are scheduled for early 2015. Completion of the full instrument is planned for the fall of 2015. At least 600 useable nights have been allocated at the Calar Alto 3.5m Telescope for the CARMENES survey in the time frame until 2018. A data base of M stars (dubbed CARMENCITA) has been compiled from which the CARMENES sample can be selected. CARMENCITA contains information on all relevant properties of the potential targets. Dedicated imaging, photometric, and spectroscopic observations are underway to provide crucial data on these stars that are not available in the literature.

  18. The Tempo of Recent Volcanism on Terceira, Azores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Self, S.; Calvert, A.; Pimentel, A.; Gertisser, R.

    2012-04-01

    Terceira is an active volcanic island with offshore eruptions recorded in the 19th and 20th centuries. It is constructed by three main volcanic centres aligned along a NW-SE-trending fissure zone. Eruptions from vents along this main fissure zone are a persistent feature in the island's history, including the two recent offshore eruptions in 1867 and 1995-2002, and the 1761 basaltic eruption, the only recorded historic event on the island that has been inhabited since about 1485 AD. Early work [1] on the volcanic succession of the island established a stratigraphic sequence for the Upper Terceira Group (UTG), the on-land products of the past ~ 20,000 years of volcanism, with very little chronological control. Since then, two more studies have added detail on the timing of eruptions in the UTG and the older history of the island, including ignimbrite-forming eruptions and volcano-building lavas, using both 14C and 40Ar/39Ar dating [2, 3]. Further age determinations have been made and are reported here together with a reassessment of the stratigraphic significance of some of the ages obtained in the past. We present here an estimate of the number and type of eruptions in the UTG, concentrating on the last 3,000 years. Ignimbrite-forming eruptions have not occurred since one or two events took place 20-23,000 years ago [3] from the northern caldera of the Pico Alto-Guilherme Moniz volcanic centre, the middle of the three main central volcanoes. The Santa Barbara composite volcano has a record of 12-14 eruptions over the past three millennia; all but one formed comendite-pantellerite lava domes and coulées, of which three were preceded by explosive sub-plinian phases forming tephra-fall deposits. One flank eruption formed a basaltic scoria cone and lava flow. In approximately the same time period, Pico Alto-Guilherme Moniz produced 11-14 eruptions from the northern caldera (Pico Alto), all of which formed comendite-pantellerite lava domes and coulées, with one or two preceded by explosive sub-plinian phases. Uncertainty in the number of eruptions is due to lack of knowledge about the number of events contributing to some of the complex clusters of lava domes. The fissure zone hosted 6-7 basaltic-intermediate scoria/spatter cone and lava-forming eruptions during the past 3,000 years, and one event that formed comenditic trachyte lava domes. Thus, Terceira's volcanoes contribute to a rapid tempo of volcanism, having recently produced an eruption approximately every century, but clustering is evident in the chronological record. Interestingly, there is no reported historic on-land eruption in the ~ 300 years between colonization and 1761. We hope to improve our understanding of the tempo of volcanism on Terceira as more age determinations are performed. Furthermore, it is known that there are more eruptive units than accounted for in the UTG stratigraphy, thus the numbers of events must be considered a minimum.

  19. The Cariris Velhos tectonic event in Northeast Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    dos Santos, Edilton José; Van Schmus, William Randall; Kozuch, Marianne; Neves, Benjamim Bley de Brito

    2010-01-01

    The Borborema Province in northeastern South America is a typical Brasiliano-Pan-African branching system of Neoproterozoic orogens that forms part of the Western Gondwana assembly. The province is positioned between the São Luis-West Africa craton to the north and the São Francisco (Congo-Kasai) craton to the south. For this province the main characteristics are (a) its subdivision into five major tectonic domains, bounded mostly by long shear zones, as follows: Médio Coreaú, Ceará Central, Rio Grande do Norte, Transversal, and Southern; (b) the alternation of supracrustal belts with reworked basement inliers (Archean nuclei + Paleoproterozoic belts); and (c) the diversity of granitic plutonism, from Neoproterozoic to Early Cambrian ages, that affect supracrustal rocks as well as basement inliers. Recently, orogenic rock assemblages of early Tonian (1000-920 Ma) orogenic evolution have been recognized, which are restricted to the Transversal and Southern domains of the Province. Within the Transversal Zone, the Alto Pajeú terrane locally includes some remnants of oceanic crust along with island arc and continental arc rock assemblages, but the dominant supracrustal rocks are mature and immature pelitic metasedimentary and metavolcaniclastic rocks. Contiguous and parallel to the Alto Pajeú terrane, the Riacho Gravatá subterrane consists mainly of low-grade metamorphic successions of metarhythmites, some of which are clearly turbiditic in origin, metaconglomerates, and sporadic marbles, along with interbedded metarhyolitic and metadacitic volcanic or metavolcaniclastic rocks. Both terrane and subterrane are cut by syn-contractional intrusive sheets of dominantly peraluminous high-K calc-alkaline, granititic to granodioritic metaplutonic rocks. The geochemical patterns of both supracrustal and intrusive rocks show similarities with associations of mature continental arc volcano-sedimentary sequences, but some subordinate intra-plate characteristics are also found. In both the Alto Pajeú and Riacho Gravatá terranes, TIMS and SHRIMP U-Pb isotopic data from zircons from both metavolcanic and metaplutonic rocks yield ages between 1.0 and 0.92 Ga, which define the time span for an event of orogenic character, the Cariris Velhos event. Less extensive occurrences of rocks of Cariris Velhos age are recognized mainly in the southernmost domains of the Province, as for example in the Poço Redondo-Marancó terrane, where arc-affinity migmatite-granitic and meta-volcano-sedimentary rocks show U-Pb ages (SHRIMP data) around 0.98-0.97 Ga. For all these domains, Sm-Nd data exhibit TDM model ages between 1.9 and 1.1 Ga with corresponding slightly negative to slightly positive ?Nd( t) values. These domains, along with the Borborema Province as a whole, were significantly affected by tectonic and magmatic events of the Brasiliano Cycle (0.7-0.5 Ga), so that it is possible that there are some other early Tonian rock assemblages which were completely masked and hidden by these later Brasiliano events. Cariris Velhos processes are younger than the majority of orogenic systems at the end of Mesoproterozoic Era and beginning of Neoproterozoic throughout the world, e.g. Irumide belt, Kibaride belt and Namaqua-Natal belt, and considerably younger than those of the youngest orogenic process (Ottawan) in the Grenvillian System. Therefore, they were probably not associated with the proposed assembly of Rodinia. We suggest, instead, that Cariris Velhos magmatism and tectonism could have been related to a continental margin magmatic arc, with possible back-arc associations, and that this margin may have been a short-lived (<100 m.y.) leading edge of the newly assembled Rodinia supercontinent.

  20. Kepler-91b: a planet at the end of its life. Planet and giant host star properties via light-curve variations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lillo-Box, J.; Barrado, D.; Moya, A.; Montesinos, B.; Montalbán, J.; Bayo, A.; Barbieri, M.; Régulo, C.; Mancini, L.; Bouy, H.; Henning, T.

    2014-02-01

    Context. The evolution of planetary systems is intimately linked to the evolution of their host stars. Our understanding of the whole planetary evolution process is based on the wide planet diversity observed so far. Only a few tens of planets have been discovered orbiting stars ascending the red giant branch. Although several theories have been proposed, the question of how planets die remains open owing to the small number statistics, making it clear that the sample of planets around post-main sequence stars needs to be enlarged. Aims: In this work we study the giant star Kepler-91 (KOI-2133) in order to determine the nature of a transiting companion. This system was detected by the Kepler Space Telescope, which identified small dims in its light curve with a period of 6.246580 ± 0.000082 days. However, its planetary confirmation is needed due to the large pixel size of the Kepler camera, which can hide other stellar configurations able to mimic planet-like transit events. Methods: We analysed Kepler photometry to 1) re-calculate transit parameters; 2) study the light-curve modulations; and 3) to perform an asteroseismic analysis (accurate stellar parameter determination) by identifying solar-like oscillations on the periodogram. We also used a high-resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio spectrum obtained with the Calar Alto Fiber-fed Échelle spectrograph (CAFE) to measure stellar properties. Additionally, false-positive scenarios were rejected by obtaining high-resolution images with the AstraLux lucky imaging camera on the 2.2 m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory. Results: We confirm the planetary nature of the object transiting the star Kepler-91 by deriving a mass of Mp=0.88+0.17-0.33 MJup and a planetary radius of Rp=1.384+0.011-0.054 RJup. Asteroseismic analysis produces a stellar radius of R? = 6.30 ± 0.16 R? and a mass of M? = 1.31 ± 0.10 M?. We find that its eccentric orbit (e=0.066+0.013-0.017) is just 1.32+0.07-0.22 R? away from the stellar atmosphere at the pericentre. We also detected three small dims in the phase-folded light curve. The combination of two of them agrees with the theoretical characteristics expected for secondary eclipse. Conclusions: Kepler-91b could be the previous stage of the planet engulfment, which has recently been detected for BD+48 740. Our estimations show that Kepler-91b will be swallowed by its host star in less than 55 Myr. Among the confirmed planets around giant stars, this is the closest to its host star. At pericentre, the star subtends an angle of 48°, covering around 10% of the sky as seen from the planet. The planetary atmosphere seems to be inflated probably due to the high stellar irradiation. Based on observations collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, jointly operated by the Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie (Heidelberg) and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC, Granada).Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  1. [Retrospective seroprevalence study of bovine leptospirosis in Mexico considering the ecological regions].

    PubMed

    Alvarez, Miguel Angel Luna; Moles y Cervantes, Luis Pedro; Rosas, Dolores Gavaldón; Vasquez, Carmen Nava; García, Félix Salazar

    2005-01-01

    The newly published information about the different ecological regions of Mexico was analyzed aimed at knowing the situation of bovine leptospirosis. A bibliographical search was made and the articles were chosen according to the following inclusion criteria: a) diagnosis technique: microscopic agglutination, b) positive criterion titres of 1:100 or higher, c) time period: 1991-2003, d) publications such as thesis, memoirs of congresses, non-scientific journals and journals with arbitrage, e) location by states. The duplicated information was considered as the exclusion criteria. The results of frequency and of serovarieties of leptospirosis were reported by state, considering the different ecological regions. Reference to 17 states is made. The arid and semi-arid region had a frequency of 37.8 % with a range from 31% to 59%, the prevalent serovars were H-89 strain (hardjo genotype hardjoprajitno), hardjo, wolffi and tarassovi. In the dry tropical region, there was a frequency of 45.9 % with a range from 27 to 72 %. The prevailing serovarieties were wolffi, hardjo and tarassovi. In the humid tropical region , the frequency was 63.8 % with a range between 31.7 and 84.6 %. The predominating serovarieties were H-89 strain (hardjo genotype hardjoprajitno), hardjo, wolffi and tarassovi. In the mild climate, the average frequency of leptospirosis was 39.4 % with a range from 22.1 to 54.3 %. The prevailing serovarieties were Palo Alto strain (icterohaemorrhagiae), Sinaloa ACR strain (portlandvere), bratislava, pyrogenes, pomona, and H-89 strain (hardjoprajitno), hardjo, wolffi and tarassovi. It was concluded that the presence of antobodies against L. interrogans is endemic in the different ecological regions of Mexico and that there is an elevated prevalence of serovarieties hardjo, wolffi y tarassovi; although in the temperate region, the Palo Alto strain (icterohaemorrhagiae), the Sinaloa ACR strain (portland vere) and Bratislava are present, too. Apparently, the climate influences on the frequency of presentation of the serovarieties. This is the first analysis of bovine leptospirosis by regions made in Mexico. PMID:17966472

  2. Evaluation of delivered monitor unit accuracy of gated step-and-shoot IMRT using a two-dimensional detector array

    SciTech Connect

    Cheong, Kwang-Ho; Kang, Sei-Kwon; Lee, MeYeon; Kim, Su SSan; Park, SoAh; Hwang, Tae-Jin; Kim, Kyoung Ju; Oh, Do Hoon; Bae, Hoonsik; Suh, Tae-Suk

    2010-03-15

    Purpose: To overcome the problem of organ motion in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), gated IMRT is often used for the treatment of lung cancer. In this study, the authors investigated the accuracy of the delivered monitor units (MUs) from each segment during gated IMRT using a two-dimensional detector array for user-specific verification purpose. Methods: The authors planned a 6 MV photon, seven-port step-and-shoot lung IMRT delivery. The respiration signals for gated IMRT delivery were obtained from the one-dimensional moving phantom using the real-time position management (RPM) system (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA). The beams were delivered using a Clinac iX (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) with the Millennium 120 MLC. The MatriXX (IBA Dosimetry GmbH, Germany) was validated through consistency and reproducibility tests as well as comparison with measurements from a Farmer-type ion chamber. The authors delivered beams with varying dose rates and duty cycles and analyzed the MatriXX data to evaluate MU delivery accuracy. Results: There was quite good agreement between the planned segment MUs and the MUs computed from the MatriXX within {+-}2% error. The beam-on times computed from the MatriXX data were almost identical for all cases, and they matched well with the RPM beam-on and beam-off signals. A slight difference was observed between them, but it was less than 40 ms. The gated IMRT delivery demonstrated an MU delivery accuracy that was equivalent to ungated IMRT, and the delivered MUs with a gating signal agreed with the planned MUs within {+-}0.5 MU regardless of dose rate and duty cycle. Conclusions: The authors can conclude that gated IMRT is able to deliver an accurate dose to a patient during a procedure. The authors believe that the methodology and results can be transferred to other vendors' devices, particularly those that do not provide MLC log data for a verification purpose.

  3. Mesoproterozoic rapakivi granites of the Rondonia Tin Province, southwestern border of the Amazonian craton, Brazil-I. Reconnaissance U-Pb geochronology and regional implications

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bettencourt, Jorge S.; Tosdal, R.M.; Leite, W.B., Jr.; Payolla, B.L.

    1999-01-01

    Rapakivi granites and associated mafic and ultramafic rocks in the Rondonia Tin Province, southwestern Amazonian craton, Brazil were emplaced during six discrete episodes of magmatism between ca 1600 and 970 Ma. The seven rapakivi granite suites emplaced at this time were the Serra da Providencia Intrusive Suite (U-Pb ages between 1606 and 1532 Ma); Santo Antonio Intrusive Suite (U-Pb age 1406 Ma); Teotonio Intrusive Suite (U-Pb age 1387 Ma); Alto Candeias Intrusive Suite (U-Pb ages between 1346 and 1338 Ma); Sao Lourenco-Caripunas Intrusive Suite (U-Pb ages between 1314 and 1309 Ma); Santa Clara Intrusive Suite (U-Pb ages between 1082 and 1074 Ma); and Younger Granites of Rondonia (U-Pb ages between 998 and 974 Ma). The Serra da Providencia Intrusive Suite intruded the Paleoproterozoic (1.80 to 1.70 Ga) Rio Negro-Juruena crust whereas the other suites were emplaced into the 1.50 to 1.30 Ga Rondonia-San Ignacio crust. Their intrusion was contemporaneous with orogenic activity in other parts of the southwestern Amazonian craton, except for the oldest, Serra da Providencia Intrusive Suite. Orogenic events coeval with emplacement of the Serra da Providencia Intrusive Suite are not clearly recognized in the region. The Santo Antonio, Teotonio, Alto Candeias and Sao Lourenco-Caripunas Intrusive Suites are interpreted to represent extensional anorogenic magmatism associated with the terminal stages of the Rondonian-San Ignacio orogeny. At least the Sao Lourenco-Caripunas rapakivi granites and coeval intra-continental rift sedimentary rocks may, in contrast, represent the products of extensional tectonics and rifting preceding the Sunsas/Aguapei orogeny (1.25 to 1.0 Ga). The two youngest rapakivi suites, the Santa Clara Intrusive Suite and Younger Granites of Rondonia, seemingly represent inboard magmatism in the Rondonian-San Ignacio Province during a younger episode of reworking in the Rio Negro-Juruena Province during the waning stages of the collisional 1.1 to 1.0 Ga Sunsas/Aguapei orogeny. The six intra-plate rapakivi granite episodes in the southwestern part of the Amazonian craton form three broad periods of anorogenic magmatism that have age-correlative events composed of similar rocks and geologic environments in eastern Laurentia and Baltica, although the exact timing of magmatism appears slightly different. Recognition of lithologic and chronological correlations between various cratons provide important constraints to models explaining the interplay between rapakivi granite magmatism and deep crustal evolution of an early Mesoproterozoic supercontinent. They are, furthermore, important to plate tectonic models for the assembly, dispersal and reassembly of Amazonia, Laurentia and Baltica in the Mesoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic.

  4. Deep structure of a stretched lithosphere: Magnetotelluric imaging of the southeastern Borborema province, NE Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santos, Andrea C. L.; Padilha, Antonio L.; Fuck, Reinhardt A.; Pires, Augusto C. B.; Vitorello, Icaro; Pádua, Marcelo B.

    2014-01-01

    Magnetotelluric data were collected at 25 stations along a NNW-SSE linear profile deployed perpendicularly to the main structures in the southeastern portion of the Borborema province, northeast Brazil. The geotectonic scenario is characterized by a broad range of tectomagmatic events including periods of compressive tectonism associated with amalgamation of lithospheric blocks during the Brasiliano orogeny in the Late Neoproterozoic, superimposed by extensional events related to the continental break-up and plate drift that led to the formation of the southern Atlantic Ocean in the Early Cretaceous. Strike analysis and distortion decomposition show that most of the data are two-dimensional (2D) but sensitive to distant off-profile structures. Data fit an ENE regional geoelectric strike direction, consistent with the geological and tectonic setup. A joint 2D inversion of the TE and TM modes defined by this strike direction was undertaken and the obtained model exhibits signatures of the different tectonic events in the area. The model suggests that the SE Borborema province is electrically separated into two parts. The first, comprising the southern domain of the province (Sergipano belt and Pernambuco-Alagoas block), has a highly heterogeneous crust and an anomalously conductive upper mantle. The second, comprising the transversal domain of the province (Alto Moxotó terrain), displays crust and upper mantle predominantly homogeneous and resistive. A deep Neoproterozoic lithospheric shear zone (Pernambuco lineament) marks the limit between the two contrasting domains. Also, the region where the Jatobá basin is located in the southern domain presents a striking conductor at upper- to mid-crustal depths beneath the basin. These results correlate well with seismic refraction data that indicate thicker crust for the transversal domain than for the southern domain, with the thinnest crust coinciding with the location of the Jatobá basin. The data support the conclusion that the lithosphere of the southern domain of the Borborema province was significantly stretched in the Cretaceous during the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean, allowing refertilization of depleted upper mantle with incompatible elements from enriched deeper mantle material and reactivation of older crustal fabrics. The conductivity increase below the Jatobá basin is associated with ionic conduction in a currently reactivated fracture zone filled with high salinity fluid. Apparently, the Alto Moxotó terrain worked as a region of higher resistance to stretching, causing the crustal thinning and geoelectric effects to be concentrated to the south of the Pernambuco lineament.

  5. Magmatism along the high Paraguay River at the border of Brazil and Paraguay: A review and new constraints on emplacement ages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Comin-Chiaramonti, P.; Gomes, C. B.; De Min, A.; Ernesto, M.; Gasparon, M.

    2015-03-01

    The magmatic rocks from Alto Paraguay (High Paraguay River extensional lineament), western Apa craton, mainly consist of several major circular alkaline complexes and some rhyolitic domes and ignimbrites. The former are characterized by intrusive Na-alkaline rock-types (nepheline syenites and syenites and effusive equivalents) topped by lava flows and ignimbrites. Two main evolved suites were defined using petrochemical and Sr- isotope data: an agpaitic suite in the north and a miaskitic suite in the south. The domes of subalkaline rhyolitic lavas and ignimbrites occur to the north of the alkaline complexes, along the Paraguay River, near the town of Fuerte Olimpo. The emplacement ages of the alkaline complexes were constrained using the K-Ar, Ar-Ar, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd dating methods on whole rocks and/or mineral separates (amphibole, alkali feldspar and biotite). Ages are quite variable (Upper Permian to Middle Triassic), with average K-Ar and Ar-Ar ages of 248.8 ± 4.8 and 241.8 ± 1.1 Ma, respectively, and Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd age data giving best values from 248 ± 4 to 244 ± 27 Ma and from 256 ± 3 to 257 ± 3 Ma, respectively. In contrast, the Fuerte Olimpo volcanics show a Mesoproterozoic age (1.3 Ga, K-Ar and Ar-Ar radiometric methods; and 1.42 ± 0.24 to 1.30 ± 0.03 Ga, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd methods, respectively). Rb-Sr systematics (87Sr/86Sr initial ratios ? 0.7038) highlight a relatively "primitive" character of the Na-alkaline magmatic source(s), in contrast with the "crustal" values (87Sr/86Sr initial ratio ? 0.7105) of the Fuerte Olimpo rhyolites. Thus, magmatism in the Alto Paraguay area is related to two extensional events: a younger event corresponding to the Permian-Triassic alkaline rocks, and an older event connected to the Precambrian volcanic acidic rocks.

  6. Rigorous noise test and calibration check of strong-motion instrumentation at the Conrad Observatory in Austria.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steiner, R.; Costa, G.; Lenhardt, W.; Horn, N.; Suhadolc, P.

    2012-04-01

    In the framework of the European InterregIV Italy/Austria project: "HAREIA - Historical and Recent Earthquakes in Italy and Austria" the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG) and Mathematic and Geosciences Department of University of Trieste (DMG) are upgrading the transfrontier seismic network of South-Eastern Alps with new 12 accelerometric stations to enhance the strong motion instrument density near the Austria/Italy border. Various public institutions of the provinces Alto Adige (Bolzano Province), Veneto (ARPAV) and Friuli Venezia Giulia (Regional Civil Defense) in Italy and in the Austrian province of Tyrol are involved in the project. The site selection was carried out to improve the present local network geometry thus meeting the needs of public Institutions in the involved regions. In Tyrol and Alto Adige some strategic buildings (hospitals and public buildings) have been selected, whereas in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia the sites are in the free field, mainly located near villages. The instruments will be installed in an innovative box, designed by ZAMG, that provides electric and water isolation. The common choice regarding the instrument selection has been the new Kinemetrics Basalt ® accelerograph to guarantee homogeneity with the already installed instrumentation and compatibility with the software already in use at the different seismic institutions in the area. Prior to deployment the equipment was tested at the Conrad Observatory and a common set-up has been devised. The Conrad Observatory, seismically particularly quiet, permits to analyze both the sensor and the acquisition system noise. The instruments were connected to the network and the data sent in real-time to the ZAMG data center in Vienna and the DMG data center in Trieste. The data have been collected in the database and analyzed using signal processing modules PQLX and Matlab. The data analysis of the recordings at the ultra-quiet Conrad Observatory pointed out some differences in the seismic response of the 12 instruments, mainly within the tolerance stated by the factory, and an optimization of a few sensors can be carried out in order to guarantee compatible high quality measurements.

  7. CARMENES: A Spectroscopic Survey of M Dwarfs and their Planets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quirrenbach, Andreas; Consortium, CARMENES

    2015-08-01

    CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a next-generation instrument currently under construction for the 3.5m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions. Commissioning of CARMENES will start in April 2015. CARMENES will conduct a 600-night exoplanet survey targeting ~300 M dwarfs. An important and unique feature of the CARMENES instrument is that it consists of two separate échelle spectrographs, which together cover the wavelength range from 0.55 to 1.7 ?m at a spectral resolution of R = 82,000. The spectrographs are fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope.The main scientific objective of CARMENES is to carry out a survey of late-type main sequence stars with the goal of detecting low-mass planets in their habitable zones (HZs). In the focus of the project are very cool stars later than spectral type M4 and moderately active stars. We aim at being able to detect a 2M? planet in the HZ of an M5 star, which requires a long-term radial velocity precision of 1ms-1 per measurement. For stars later than M4 (M < 0.25M?), such precision will yield detections of super-Earths of 5M? and smaller inside the entire width of the HZ. The CARMENES survey will thus provide a comprehensive overview of planetary systems around nearby Northern M dwarfs. By reaching into the realm of Earth-like planets, it will provide a treasure trove for follow-up studies probing their habitability.At the same time, the CARMENES survey will generate a unique data set for studies of M star atmospheres, rotation, and activity. The spectra will cover important diagnostic lines for activity (H?, Na I D1 and D2, and the Ca II infrared triplet), as well as FeH lines around 10,000Å, from which the magnetic field can be inferred. Correlating the time series of these features with each other, and with wavelength-dependent radial velocities, will provide new insight into the physical properties of M dwarf atmospheres, and will provide excellent discrimination between planetary companions and stellar radial velocity "noise".

  8. CALIFA: a diameter-selected sample for an integral field spectroscopy galaxy survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walcher, C. J.; Wisotzki, L.; Bekeraité, S.; Husemann, B.; Iglesias-Páramo, J.; Backsmann, N.; Barrera Ballesteros, J.; Catalán-Torrecilla, C.; Cortijo, C.; del Olmo, A.; Garcia Lorenzo, B.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Jilkova, L.; Kalinova, V.; Mast, D.; Marino, R. A.; Méndez-Abreu, J.; Pasquali, A.; Sánchez, S. F.; Trager, S.; Zibetti, S.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Alves, J.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Boselli, A.; Castillo Morales, A.; Cid Fernandes, R.; Flores, H.; Galbany, L.; Gallazzi, A.; García-Benito, R.; Gil de Paz, A.; González-Delgado, R. M.; Jahnke, K.; Jungwiert, B.; Kehrig, C.; Lyubenova, M.; Márquez Perez, I.; Masegosa, J.; Monreal Ibero, A.; Pérez, E.; Quirrenbach, A.; Rosales-Ortega, F. F.; Roth, M. M.; Sanchez-Blazquez, P.; Spekkens, K.; Tundo, E.; van de Ven, G.; Verheijen, M. A. W.; Vilchez, J. V.; Ziegler, B.

    2014-09-01

    We describe and discuss the selection procedure and statistical properties of the galaxy sample used by the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area (CALIFA) survey, a public legacy survey of 600 galaxies using integral field spectroscopy. The CALIFA "mother sample" was selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) DR7 photometric catalogue to include all galaxies with an r-band isophotal major axis between 45'' and 79.2'' and with a redshift 0.005 < z < 0.03. The mother sample contains 939 objects, 600 of which will be observed in the course of the CALIFA survey. The selection of targets for observations is based solely on visibility and thus keeps the statistical properties of the mother sample. By comparison with a large set of SDSS galaxies, we find that the CALIFA sample is representative of galaxies over a luminosity range of -19 > Mr > -23.1 and over a stellar mass range between 109.7 and 1011.4 M?. In particular, within these ranges, the diameter selection does not lead to any significant bias against - or in favour of - intrinsically large or small galaxies. Only below luminosities of Mr = -19 (or stellar masses <109.7 M?) is there a prevalence of galaxies with larger isophotal sizes, especially of nearly edge-on late-type galaxies, but such galaxies form <10% of the full sample. We estimate volume-corrected distribution functions in luminosities and sizes and show that these are statistically fully compatible with estimates from the full SDSS when accounting for large-scale structure. For full characterization of the sample, we also present a number of value-added quantities determined for the galaxies in the CALIFA sample. These include consistent multi-band photometry based on growth curve analyses; stellar masses; distances and quantities derived from these; morphological classifications; and an overview of available multi-wavelength photometric measurements. We also explore different ways of characterizing the environments of CALIFA galaxies, finding that the sample covers environmental conditions from the field to genuine clusters. We finally consider the expected incidence of active galactic nuclei among CALIFA galaxies given the existing pre-CALIFA data, finding that the final observed CALIFA sample will contain approximately 30 Sey2 galaxies. Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronómico Hispano Alemán (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC). Publically released data products from CALIFA are made available on the webpage http://www.caha.es/CALIFA

  9. The vertical structure of cloud radiative heating over the Indian subcontinent during summer monsoon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johansson, E.; Devasthale, A.; L'Ecuyer, T.; Ekman, A. M. L.; Tjernström, M.

    2015-02-01

    Every year the monsoonal circulation over the Indian subcontinent gives rise to a variety of cloud types that differ considerably in their ability to heat or cool the atmosphere. These clouds in turn affect monsoon dynamics via their radiative impacts, both at the surface and in the atmosphere. New generation of satellites carrying active radar and lidar sensors are allowing realistic quantification of cloud radiative heating (CRH) by resolving the vertical structure of the atmosphere in an unprecedented detail. Obtaining this information is a first step in closing the knowledge gap in our understanding of the role that different clouds play as regulators of the monsoon and vice versa. Here, we use collocated CloudSat-CALIPSO data sets to understand following aspects of cloud-radiation interactions associated with Indian monsoon circulation. (1) How does the vertical distribution of CRH evolve over the Indian continent throughout monsoon season? (2) What is the absolute contribution of different clouds types to the total CRH? (3) How do active and break periods of monsoon affect the distribution of CRH? And finally, (4) what are the net radiative effects of different cloud types on surface heating? In general, the vertical structure of CRH follows the northward migration and the retreat of monsoon from May to October. It is found that the alto- and nimbostratus clouds intensely warm the middle troposphere and equally strongly cool the upper troposphere. Their warming/cooling consistently exceeds ±0.2 K day-1 (after weighing by vertical cloud fraction) in monthly mean composites throughout the middle and upper troposphere respectively, with largest impact observed in June, July and August. Deep convective towers cause considerable warming in the middle and upper troposphere, but strongly cool the base and inside of the tropical tropopause layer (TTL). Such cooling is stronger during active (-1.23 K day-1) monsoon conditions compared to break periods (-0.36 K day-1). The contrasting warming effect of high clouds inside the TTL is found to be double in magnitude during active conditions compared to break periods. It is further shown that stratiform clouds (combining alto- and nimbostratus clouds) and deep convection significantly cool the surface with net radiative effect in the order of -100 and -400 W m-2, respectively, while warming the atmosphere in the order of 40 and 150 W m-2. While deep convection produces strong cooling at the surface during active periods of monsoon, the importance of stratiform clouds, on the other hand, increases during break periods. The contrasting CREs in the atmosphere and at surface, and during active and break conditions, have direct implications for monsoonal circulation.

  10. Infrared to millimetre photometry of ultra-luminous IR galaxies: New evidence favouring a 3-stage dust model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klaas, U.; Haas, M.; Müller, S. A. H.; Chini, R.; Schulz, B.; Coulson, I.; Hippelein, H.; Wilke, K.; Albrecht, M.; Lemke, D.

    2001-12-01

    Infrared to millimetre spectral energy distributions (SEDs) have been obtained for 41 bright ultra-luminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs). The observations were carried out with ISOPHOT between 10 and 200 mu m and supplemented for 16 sources with JCMT/SCUBA at 450 and 850 mu m and with SEST at 1.3 mm. In addition, seven sources were observed at 1.2 and 2.2 mu m with the 2.2 m telescope on Calar Alto. These new SEDs represent the most complete set of infrared photometric templates obtained so far on ULIRGs in the local universe. The SEDs peak at 60-100 mu m and show often a quite shallow Rayleigh-Jeans tail. Fits with one single modified blackbody yield a high FIR opacity and small dust emissivity exponent beta < 2. However, this concept leads to conflicts with several other observational constraints, like the low PAH extinction or the extended filamentary optical morphology. A more consistent picture is obtained using several dust components with beta = 2, low to moderate FIR opacity and cool (50 K > T > 30 K) to cold (30 K > T > 10 K) temperatures. This provides evidence for two dust stages, the cool starburst dominated one and the cold cirrus-like one. The third stage with several hundred Kelvin warm dust is identified in the AGN dominated ULIRGs, showing up as a NIR-MIR power-law flux increase. While AGNs and SBs appear indistinguishable at FIR and submm wavelengths, they differ in the NIR-MIR. This suggests that the cool FIR emitting dust is not related to the AGN, and that the AGN only powers the warm and hot dust. In comparison with optical and MIR spectroscopy, a criterion based on the SED shapes and the NIR colours is established to reveal AGNs among ULIRGs. Also the possibility of recognising evolutionary trends among the ULIRGs via the relative amounts of cold, cool and warm dust components is investigated. Based on observations with the Infrared Space Observatory ISO, the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope JCMT, the Swedish ESO Submillimetre Telescope SEST and at the Calar Alto Observatory. ISO is an ESA project with instruments funded by ESA Member States (especially the PI countries France, Germany, The Netherlands and the UK) and with the participation of ISAS and NASA. Appendices A and B are only available in electronic form at http://www.edpsciences.com

  11. Hydrogeological studies in high mountains karst environment: the example of Picos de Europa (Spain)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meléndez, Mónica; Ballesteros, Daniel; Jiménez-Sanchez, Montserrat; García-Sansegundo, Joaquín

    2015-04-01

    Karst aquifers are very vulnerable to contamination due their high infiltration coefficient, elevated hydraulic conductivity, high speed of circulation, and very low self-purification capacities. The functioning of that type of aquifer is quite complicated by the high heterogeneity and anisotropy of the karst and the presence of three different types of porosity. It is necessary to understand the functioning of a karst aquifer in order to protect and manage them properly. Therefore, it is necessary to develop working methods to establish the aquifer hydrodynamics, especially in high mountain areas with many methodological constrains (e. g. difficulty to access). The Picos de Europa karst aquifer, located in theNational Park of Picos de Europa (North Spain), presents a high environmental, geomorphological and hydrogeological value; it is included in the "Spanish geological contexts with global relevance" by the Law of Natural Heritage and Biodiversity of Spain, being considered as a Global Geosite by the Geological and Mining Institute of Spain. In addition, the karst massif is included in several figures of environmental protection, both at global and national levels. Hydrogeological and geomorphological research is developed together in this area under the GEOCAVE project (MAGRAMA-580/12 OAPN) and the "Investigación hidrogeológica en las masas de agua subterránea 012.014 Picos de Europa-Panes y 012.018 Alto Deva-Alto Cares. (IGME-73.3.00.41.00/2013)". The aim of this study is to characterize the hydrodynamics of the karst aquifer, considering the snow as an important component of the aquifer recharge. The proposed methodology includes the installation of an integrated pressure sensor and data logger for level and temperature measurement in two karst spring related to two groundwater bodies (GWB) with 86 and 14 km2 extension. The store of data to regular intervals with punctual values of discharge measures has provided, at least, an annual series of data in which level water differences varies from 4.5 m in the largest GWB to 1 m in the smallest one. The comparison of this data series with precipitation data allows to study the aquifer response to precipitation and to stablish the importance of the snow melting in the recharge of the aquifer.

  12. Interaction between regional and local tectonic forcing along a complex Quaternary extensional basin: Upper Tiber Valley, Northern Apennines, Italy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pucci, S.; Mirabella, F.; Pazzaglia, F.; Barchi, M. R.; Melelli, L.; Tuccimei, P.; Soligo, M.; Saccucci, L.

    2014-10-01

    In extending areas undergoing regional tectonic uplift, the persistence of subsidence at a normal-fault hanging-wall depends on the competition between regional and local tectonic effects. When regional uplift exceeds the subsidence of the hanging-wall block, denudation prevails at both the hanging-wall and the foot-wall. When local tectonic subsidence exceeds regional uplift, sedimentation occurs over the hanging-wall block, supplied by foot-wall erosion. We analyzed a Pliocene-Quaternary continental basin, currently crossed by the Tiber River in Italy. The tectono-sedimentary evolution of the basin developed at the hanging-wall of a regional low-angle extensional detachment, the Alto Tiberina Fault, in the axial region of the Northern Apennines of Italy. This area is affected by regional uplift on the order of 0.5-1.0 mm/yr. The present-day activity of the fault is revealed by both microseismicity and geodetic (GPS) data. We investigated the mid- (10-100 ka) and long-term (0.5-3.0 Ma) evolution of the three depocenters by studying the continental Pleistocene succession infilling the basin as well as fluvial terraces and higher paleosurfaces carved into the Pleistocene deposits. By using surficial geologic data and an interpretation of a set of seismic reflection profiles, we show that the three depocenters experienced a fairly similar evolution during the Pliocene-Early Pleistocene, when a 1000-m-thick continental succession was deposited. On the contrary, geomorphological observations indicate that, at the beginning of the Middle Pleistocene, a switch occurred in the evolution of the three depocenters. In the northernmost Sansepolcro sub-basin, bounding normal faults are active and hanging-wall subsidence outpaces regional uplift. Concurrently, in the Umbertide and Ponte Pattoli sub-basins uplift dominates over the hanging-wall subsidence, promoting river incision and exhumation of the Pleistocene deposits. For these two depocenters, by means of terrace-river correlations, we estimate that the incision rate is ˜0.3-0.35 mm/yr, suggesting a maximum tectonic subsidence of 0.2 mm/yr. The identification of a heterogeneous uplift pattern along the hanging-wall of the Alto Tiberina Fault, driven by different displacement rates of its fault splays, allowed us to characterize fault segments with different activities and, possibly, different seismic behaviors.

  13. Kepler-447b: a hot-Jupiter with an extremely grazing transit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lillo-Box, J.; Barrado, D.; Santos, N. C.; Mancini, L.; Figueira, P.; Ciceri, S.; Henning, Th.

    2015-05-01

    We present the radial velocity confirmation of the extrasolar planet Kepler-447b, initially detected as a candidate by the Kepler mission. In this work, we analyzeits transit signal and the radial velocity data obtained with the Calar Alto Fiber-fed Echelle spectrograph (CAFE). By simultaneously modeling both datasets, we obtain the orbital and physical properties of the system. According to our results, Kepler-447b is a Jupiter-mass planet (Mp = 1.37+0.48-0.46 MJup), with an estimated radius of Rp = 1.65+0.59-0.56 RJup (uncertainties provided in this work are 3? unless specified). This translates into a sub-Jupiter density. The planet revolves every ~7.8 days in a slightly eccentric orbit (e = 0.123+0.037-0.036) around a G8V star with detected activity in the Kepler light curve. Kepler-447b transits its host with a large impact parameter (b = 1.076+0.112-0.086), which is one of the few planetary grazing transits confirmed so far and the first in the Kepler large crop of exoplanets. We estimate that only around 20% of the projected planet disk occults the stellar disk. The relatively large uncertainties in the planet radius are due to the large impact parameter and short duration of the transit. Planetary transits with large impact parameters (and in particular grazing transits) can be used to detect and analyze interesting configurations, such as additional perturbing bodies, stellar pulsations, rotation of a non-spherical planet, or polar spot-crossing events. All these scenarios will periodically modify the transit properties (depth, duration, and time of mid-transit), which could be detectable with sufficiently accurate photometry. Short-cadence photometric data (at the 1-min level) would help in the search for these exotic configurations in grazing planetary transits like that of Kepler-447b. This system could then be an excellent target for the forthcoming missions TESS and CHEOPS, which will provide the required photometric precision and cadence to study this type of transit. Based on observations collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, jointly operated by the Max- Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Heidelberg) and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC, Granada).

  14. CARMENES input catalogue of M dwarfs. I. Low-resolution spectroscopy with CAFOS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alonso-Floriano, F. J.; Morales, J. C.; Caballero, J. A.; Montes, D.; Klutsch, A.; Mundt, R.; Cortés-Contreras, M.; Ribas, I.; Reiners, A.; Amado, P. J.; Quirrenbach, A.; Jeffers, S. V.

    2015-05-01

    Context. CARMENES is a stabilised, high-resolution, double-channel spectrograph at the 3.5 m Calar Alto telescope. It is optimally designed for radial-velocity surveys of M dwarfs with potentially habitable Earth-mass planets. Aims: We prepare a list of the brightest, single M dwarfs in each spectral subtype observable from the northern hemisphere, from which we will select the best planet-hunting targets for CARMENES. Methods: In this first paper on the preparation of our input catalogue, we compiled a large amount of public data and collected low-resolution optical spectroscopy with CAFOS at the 2.2 m Calar Alto telescope for 753 stars. We derived accurate spectral types using a dense grid of standard stars, a double least-squares minimisation technique, and 31 spectral indices previously defined by other authors. Additionally, we quantified surface gravity, metallicity, and chromospheric activity for all the stars in our sample. Results: We calculated spectral types for all 753 stars, of which 305 are new and 448 are revised. We measured pseudo-equivalent widths of H? for all the stars in our sample, concluded that chromospheric activity does not affect spectral typing from our indices, and tabulated 49 stars that had been reported to be young stars in open clusters, moving groups, and stellar associations. Of the 753 stars, two are new subdwarf candidates, three are T Tauri stars, 25 are giants, 44 are K dwarfs, and 679 are M dwarfs. Many of the 261 investigated dwarfs in the range M4.0-8.0 V are among the brightest stars known in their spectral subtype. Conclusions: This collection of low-resolution spectroscopic data serves as a candidate target list for the CARMENES survey and can be highly valuable for other radial-velocity surveys of M dwarfs and for studies of cool dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood. Full Tables A.1, A.2, and A.3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/577/A128

  15. Fog Collection and Sustainable Architecture in Atacama Coast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suau, C.

    2010-07-01

    It is imperative to integrate renewable energy and climate into zero-carbon buildings in arid lands, particularly when it is reinforced by natural and social science-based innovation in natural and built environs. The aim is twofold: On one hand, to establish potential natural and urban habitats and their yields required in different scales of intervention and, on another hand, augment rate and yield of fog collection used for drinking and irrigation in chosen locations. The purpose of this study is to integrate zero-carbon energy, landscape and sustainable architecture as a whole and thus envision potential inhabitation through self-sufficient space-frame configurations along the coast of Tarapacá Region in Chile. In a sequential way, this study distinguishes three scales of interventions: A. Territorial scale. It consists of rural and natural zones along the shore of Tarapacá Region: Fog oases, creeks or corridors. The strategic allocation of large fog collectors can bring local agriculture back and thus stop rural emigration; and also repair existing fragile ecosystems in several fog oases by harvesting and distributing mainly crop water. B. Local scale. The space-frame fog collectors are allocated in Alto Patache (fog oasis) and Iquique city (low-income sprawl of Alto Hospicio). These artefacts can supply both water and electricity to small communities through forestation, sustainable micro-agriculture and complementary electrification. C. Domestic scale. It consists of the design of autonomous housing configuration based in polygonal space-frames. This inhabitable unit is modular, deployable and lightweight; with an adjustable polyvalent membrane which performs as water repellent skin (facing South and SW winds) and shading device facing Equator. In addition, a domestic wind turbine is installed within the structural frame to provide autonomous electrification. Water collector, filtering (purification) and irrigation network is designed with available materials and local techniques. This research integrates climatic, structural and constructional factors by employing agile space-frame configurations; implementing appropriate low-passive energy technologies and testing hydrophobic and durable fabrics. The overall design target will upgrade the following aspects: 1. Increasing rate and yield of advection fog that can be anticipated from the fog harvesting rate and the uncertainty of climatic conditions 2. Structural reinforcement of fog collectors through lightweight, modular and deployable space-frames 3. Reducing installation and maintenance of fog collection 4. Purification of drinking water due to concentrations of pollutants 5. Lowering frame impacts on ground and surrounding mainly in lomas The methods mainly consists of literature review; fieldwork; comparative analysis of existing fog collection’s techniques and climatic design simulations.

  16. The distribution of interstellar dust in CALIFA edge-on galaxies via oligochromatic radiative transfer fitting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Geyter, Gert; Baes, Maarten; Camps, Peter; Fritz, Jacopo; De Looze, Ilse; Hughes, Thomas M.; Viaene, Sébastien; Gentile, Gianfranco

    2014-06-01

    We investigate the amount and spatial distribution of interstellar dust in edge-on spiral galaxies, using detailed radiative transfer modelling of a homogeneous sample of 12 galaxies selected from the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey. Our automated fitting routine, FITSKIRT, was first validated against artificial data. This is done by simultaneously reproducing the Sloan Digital Sky Survey g-, r-, i- and z-band observations of a toy model in order to combine the information present in the different bands. We show that this combined, oligochromatic fitting has clear advantages over standard monochromatic fitting especially regarding constraints on the dust properties. We model all galaxies in our sample using a three-component model, consisting of a double-exponential disc to describe the stellar and dust discs and using a Sérsic profile to describe the central bulge. The full model contains 19 free parameters, and we are able to constrain all these parameters to a satisfactory level of accuracy without human intervention or strong boundary conditions. Apart from two galaxies, the entire sample can be accurately reproduced by our model. We find that the dust disc is about 75 per cent more extended but only half as high as the stellar disc. The average face-on optical depth in the V band is 0.76 and the spread of 0.60 within our sample is quite substantial, which indicates that some spiral galaxies are relatively opaque even when seen face-on.

  17. Digital Image Manipulation, Analysis and Processing Systems (DIMAPS) A research-oriented, experimental image-processing system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dave, J. V.

    1985-04-01

    The acronym DIMAPS stands for the group of experimental Digital Image Manipulation, Analysis and Processing Systems developed at the IBM Scientific Center in Palo Alto, California. These are FORTRAN-based, dialog-driven, fully interactive programs for the IBM 4341 (or equivalent) computer running under VM/CMS or MVS/TSO. The work station consists of three screens (alphanumeric, high-resolution vector graphics, and high-resolution color display), plus a digitizing graphics tablet, cursor controllers, keyboards, and hard copy devices. The DIMAPS software is 98% FORTRAN, thus facilitating maintenance, system growth, and transportability. The original DIMAPS and its modified versions contain functions for the generation, display and comparison of multiband images, and for the quantitative as well as graphic display of data in a selected section of the image under study. Several functions for performing data modification and/or analysis tasks are also included. Some high-level image processing and analysis functions such as the generation of shaded-relief images, unsupervised multispectral classification, scene-to-scene or map-to-scene registration of multiband digital data, extraction of texture information using a two-dimensional Fourier transform of the band data, and reduction of random noise from multiband data using phase agreement among their Fourier coefficients, were developed as adjuncts to DIMAPS.

  18. Rotational IMRT delivery using a digital linear accelerator in very high dose rate 'burst mode'.

    PubMed

    Salter, Bill J; Sarkar, Vikren; Wang, Brian; Shukla, Himanshu; Szegedi, Martin; Rassiah-Szegedi, Prema

    2011-04-01

    Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in arc-based IMRT, through the use of 'conventional' multileaf collimator (MLC) systems that can treat large tumor volumes in a single, or very few pass(es) of the gantry. Here we present a novel 'burst mode' modulated arc delivery approach, wherein 2000 monitor units per minute (MU min(-1)) high dose rate bursts of dose are facilitated by a flattening-filter-free treatment beam on a Siemens Artiste (Oncology Care Systems, Siemens Medical Solutions, Concord, CA, USA) digital linear accelerator in a non-clinical configuration. Burst mode delivery differs from continuous mode delivery, used by Elekta's VMAT (Elekta Ltd, Crawley, UK) and Varian's RapidArc (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA, USA) implementations, in that dose is not delivered while MLC leaves are moving. Instead, dose is delivered in bursts over very short arc angles and only after an MLC segment shape has been completely formed and verified by the controller. The new system was confirmed to be capable of delivering a wide array of clinically relevant treatment plans, without machine fault or other delivery anomalies. Dosimetric accuracy of the modulated arc platform, as well as the Prowess (Prowess Inc., Concord, CA, USA) prototype treatment planning version utilized here, was quantified and confirmed, and delivery times were measured as significantly brief, even with large hypofractionated doses. The burst mode modulated arc approach evaluated here appears to represent a capable, accurate and efficient delivery approach. PMID:21364260

  19. Comportamiento Sexual y Autoeficacia para la Negociación de Sexo Más Seguro en Personas Heterosexuales

    PubMed Central

    Pérez-Jiménez, David; Santiago-Rivas, Marimer; Serrano-García, Irma

    2012-01-01

    La autoeficacia se le ha identificado como uno de los factores que puede facilitar o dificultar llevar a cabo sexo más seguro. Estudios revelan que las personas que están el relaciones estables usan métodos de protección menos frecuente que quienes tienen parejas casuales. Realizamos un estudio con 447 personas heterosexuales activas sexualmente. Les administramos un cuestionario dirigido a medir el comportamiento sexual, el uso del condón masculino y la práctica de la masturbación mutua, y la autoeficacia para llevar a cabo estas conductas. Los resultados reflejan que los hombres están más activos sexualmente y que el uso del condón y la práctica de la masturbación mutua como alternativa de sexo más seguro es muy baja. En los casos donde se usa el condón esta práctica es realizada en su mayoría por las personas que se encuentran en una relación de pareja casual. No obstante, los/las participantes tienen altos niveles de autoeficacia hacia ambas prácticas. Aunque la autoeficacia es uno de los factores que incide en decidir llevar a cabo sexo más seguro, ésta no es suficiente para que esta meta se logre. PMID:22837585

  20. Determinacion de Caracteristicas Opticas del Telescopio OAN150

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galan, M. J.; Cobos, F. J.

    1987-05-01

    En el Observatorio de Calar Alto, en Almería, España, está ubicado un telescopio de 15O-cms de diámetro -construído por REOSC- perteneciente al Observatorio Astronómico Nacional, con sede en Madrid, España. La infraestructura técnica del OAN ha sido tradicionalmente débil y actualmente se está haciendo un esfuerzo por fortalecerla. Existe una información muy limitada del telescopio en general; de su óptica en particular se conocían los valores de los parámetros principales pero sin saber si éstos corresponden a valores teóricos ó de construcción. Por ello se consideró necesario iniciar una investigación para conocer en detalle los valores reales de las componentes ópticas del telescopio, obteniéndose algunos resultados de interés. El primario del telescopio OANl5O es aproximadamente F/3 y el siste ma en su conjunto es F/8.2, con su sistema corrector de campo. En términos generales, la imagen es satisfactoria en todo el campo y, sin sistema corrector, la imagen axial también es buena. En un futuro muy cercano se piensa diseñar instrumentación adicional para este telescopio. Conocer con mayor precisión sus características puede ser de gran utilidad para tal fin, pues se efectúan los cálculos considerando conjuntamente al telescopio y al instrumento.