Science.gov

Sample records for additional study-related documents

  1. Courtyard Commons retail addition. Phase I. Final design documentation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-04-25

    The project consists of a retail addition to an existing cluster of buildings located on the main commercial street in Santa Cruz, California. The existing complex is formed by two wings of one-story buildings enclosing an open courtyard now used for circulation, a coffee shop seating area, a flower stand, and access to four retail stores. The program calls for an addition of new retail space above the existing buildings constructed of eight inch concrete blocks. In order to provide for the year around use of the courtyard, the program also calls for a flexible glass cover which could be removed during the sunny warm summer days. The main requirements of the program finally, are to develop an energy efficient and cost effective design which uses natural light at its full potential for both the courtyard and interior spaces. This report includes sections of the following: overview of final design; unavailable solar design information; incremental passive design cost, energy performance analysis and results; economic analysis and results; architectural compatibility; NBSGLD output and documentation; and design development drawings.

  2. 25 CFR 39.406 - What documentation must the school maintain for additional services it provides?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Accountability § 39.406 What documentation must the school... additional services. (Additional services include homebound services, institutional services, distance... educational personnel; (b) Each student taking college, distance or internet courses is in physical...

  3. 39 CFR 3050.13 - Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report. 3050.13 Section 3050.13 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PERIODIC REPORTING § 3050.13 Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's...

  4. 39 CFR 3050.13 - Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report. 3050.13 Section 3050.13 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PERIODIC REPORTING § 3050.13 Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's...

  5. 39 CFR 3050.13 - Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report. 3050.13 Section 3050.13 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PERIODIC REPORTING § 3050.13 Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's...

  6. 39 CFR 3050.13 - Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report. 3050.13 Section 3050.13 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PERIODIC REPORTING § 3050.13 Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's...

  7. 39 CFR 3050.13 - Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's section 3652 report. 3050.13 Section 3050.13 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PERIODIC REPORTING § 3050.13 Additional documentation required in the Postal Service's...

  8. 25 CFR 39.406 - What documentation must the school maintain for additional services it provides?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What documentation must the school maintain for additional services it provides? 39.406 Section 39.406 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE... the school maintain for additional services it provides? Every school must maintain a file on...

  9. Determining if a change to a proposal requires additional NEPA documentation: the Smithsonian Solution

    SciTech Connect

    ECCLESTON, C.H.

    1999-02-23

    Proposed actions tend to evolve over time. Once National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) documentation is completed, agencies are at risk that subsequent changes may not be adequately covered or that existing NEPA documentation maybe completely invalidated. Neither NEPA nor its subsequent regulations provide sufficient direction for determining the degree to which a proposed action may change before preparation of new or supplemental documentation is necessary. Yet, decisionmakers are routinely involved in determining if a change to a proposed action departs, to such an extent, from the description presented in the NEPA document that additional documentation is necessary. Experience demonstrates that no two decisionmakers will completely agree, one decisionmaker might believe that a particular change would not require additional documentation, while the other concludes the exact opposite. Lacking definitive direction, decisionmakers and critics alike may point to a universe of potential considerations as the basis for defending their claim that a change in an action does or does not require new or additional NEPA documentation. Assertions are often based on equivocal opinions that can be neither proved nor disproved. Moreover, decisionmakers are frequently placed in an arduous dilemma of justifying a decision, for which there is no generally accepted methodology on which to base the decision. Lack of definitive direction can prolong the decisionmaking process, resulting in project delays. This can also lead to inappropriate levels of NEPA documentation, inconsistencies in decisionmaking, and increased risk of a legal challenge because of insufficient documentation. Clearly, a more systematic and less subjective approach is needed, A tool for streamlining the NEPA process, by reducing this degree of subjectivity, is presented in this paper.

  10. 24 CFR 1710.200 - Instructions for Statement of Record, Additional Information and Documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Instructions for Statement of Record, Additional Information and Documentation. 1710.200 Section 1710.200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...

  11. 30 CFR 1210.206 - Will I need to submit additional documents or evidence to ONRR?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Will I need to submit additional documents or evidence to ONRR? 1210.206 Section 1210.206 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Natural Resources Revenue FORMS AND REPORTS Production and...

  12. 43 CFR 1823.13 - Is additional documentation needed when a third party requests a refund?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Is additional documentation needed when a third party requests a refund? 1823.13 Section 1823.13 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT...

  13. 43 CFR 1823.13 - Is additional documentation needed when a third party requests a refund?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Is additional documentation needed when a third party requests a refund? 1823.13 Section 1823.13 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) APPLICATION PROCEDURES Payments and...

  14. A novel classification and online platform for planning and documentation of medical applications of additive manufacturing.

    PubMed

    Tuomi, Jukka; Paloheimo, Kaija-Stiina; Vehviläinen, Juho; Björkstrand, Roy; Salmi, Mika; Huotilainen, Eero; Kontio, Risto; Rouse, Stephen; Gibson, Ian; Mäkitie, Antti A

    2014-12-01

    Additive manufacturing technologies are widely used in industrial settings and now increasingly also in several areas of medicine. Various techniques and numerous types of materials are used for these applications. There is a clear need to unify and harmonize the patterns of their use worldwide. We present a 5-class system to aid planning of these applications and related scientific work as well as communication between various actors involved in this field. An online, matrix-based platform and a database were developed for planning and documentation of various solutions. This platform will help the medical community to structurally develop both research innovations and clinical applications of additive manufacturing. The online platform can be accessed through http://www.medicalam.info. PMID:24616012

  15. 50 CFR 23.25 - What additional information is required on a non-Party CITES document?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....25 What additional information is required on a non-Party CITES document? (a) Purpose. Under Article... Certification (1) Export (i) For Appendix-I and -II specimens, the Scientific Authority has advised that...

  16. Additional Proposed Indicators for the U.S. EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment: Technical Document (External Peer Review)

    EPA Science Inventory

    EPA announced their proposal for additional indicators to be added to the EPA's 2007 Report on the Environment (ROE): Technical Document. These Additional Proposed Indicators (see Downloads/Related Links) were released for both independent external peer review and for an a...

  17. 25 CFR 39.406 - What documentation must the school maintain for additional services it provides?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Accountability § 39.406 What documentation must... services, distance courses, Internet courses or college services.) The school must certify, and its records... by certified educational personnel; (b) Each student taking college, distance or internet courses...

  18. 25 CFR 39.406 - What documentation must the school maintain for additional services it provides?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Accountability § 39.406 What documentation must... services, distance courses, Internet courses or college services.) The school must certify, and its records... by certified educational personnel; (b) Each student taking college, distance or internet courses...

  19. 25 CFR 39.406 - What documentation must the school maintain for additional services it provides?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Accountability § 39.406 What documentation must... services, distance courses, Internet courses or college services.) The school must certify, and its records... by certified educational personnel; (b) Each student taking college, distance or internet courses...

  20. Addition of flexible body option to the TOLA computer program. Part 2: User and programmer documentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dick, J. W.; Benda, B. J.

    1975-01-01

    User and programmer oriented documentation for the flexible body option of the Takeoff and Landing Analysis (TOLA) computer program are provided. The user information provides sufficient knowledge of the development and use of the option to enable the engineering user to successfully operate the modified program and understand the results. The programmer's information describes the option structure and logic enabling a programmer to make major revisions to this part of the TOLA computer program.

  1. 42 CFR 130.24 - What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues? 130.24 Section 130.24 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPASSIONATE PAYMENTS RICKY RAY HEMOPHILIA RELIEF...

  2. 42 CFR 130.24 - What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues? 130.24 Section 130.24 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPASSIONATE PAYMENTS RICKY RAY HEMOPHILIA RELIEF...

  3. 42 CFR 130.24 - What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues? 130.24 Section 130.24 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPASSIONATE PAYMENTS RICKY RAY HEMOPHILIA RELIEF...

  4. 42 CFR 130.24 - What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues? 130.24 Section 130.24 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPASSIONATE PAYMENTS RICKY RAY HEMOPHILIA RELIEF...

  5. 42 CFR 130.24 - What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What additional documentation may the Secretary require to resolve eligibility or payment issues? 130.24 Section 130.24 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPASSIONATE PAYMENTS RICKY RAY HEMOPHILIA RELIEF...

  6. The Toxic Effects of Cigarette Additives. Philip Morris' Project Mix Reconsidered: An Analysis of Documents Released through Litigation

    PubMed Central

    Wertz, Marcia S.; Kyriss, Thomas; Paranjape, Suman; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2011-01-01

    Background In 2009, the promulgation of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tobacco regulation focused attention on cigarette flavor additives. The tobacco industry had prepared for this eventuality by initiating a research program focusing on additive toxicity. The objective of this study was to analyze Philip Morris' Project MIX as a case study of tobacco industry scientific research being positioned strategically to prevent anticipated tobacco control regulations. Methods and Findings We analyzed previously secret tobacco industry documents to identify internal strategies for research on cigarette additives and reanalyzed tobacco industry peer-reviewed published results of this research. We focused on the key group of studies conducted by Phillip Morris in a coordinated effort known as “Project MIX.” Documents showed that Project MIX subsumed the study of various combinations of 333 cigarette additives. In addition to multiple internal reports, this work also led to four peer-reviewed publications (published in 2001). These papers concluded that there was no evidence of substantial toxicity attributable to the cigarette additives studied. Internal documents revealed post hoc changes in analytical protocols after initial statistical findings indicated an additive-associated increase in cigarette toxicity as well as increased total particulate matter (TPM) concentrations in additive-modified cigarette smoke. By expressing the data adjusted by TPM concentration, the published papers obscured this underlying toxicity and particulate increase. The animal toxicology results were based on a small number of rats in each experiment, raising the possibility that the failure to detect statistically significant changes in the end points was due to underpowering the experiments rather than lack of a real effect. Conclusion The case study of Project MIX shows tobacco industry scientific research on the use of cigarette additives cannot be taken at face value. The

  7. Additives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smalheer, C. V.

    1973-01-01

    The chemistry of lubricant additives is discussed to show what the additives are chemically and what functions they perform in the lubrication of various kinds of equipment. Current theories regarding the mode of action of lubricant additives are presented. The additive groups discussed include the following: (1) detergents and dispersants, (2) corrosion inhibitors, (3) antioxidants, (4) viscosity index improvers, (5) pour point depressants, and (6) antifouling agents.

  8. 40 CFR 80.591 - What are the product transfer document requirements for additives to be used in diesel fuel?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... requirements for additives to be used in diesel fuel? 80.591 Section 80.591 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES... additives to be used in diesel fuel? (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (d) of this section,...

  9. 40 CFR 80.591 - What are the product transfer document requirements for additives to be used in diesel fuel?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements for additives to be used in diesel fuel? 80.591 Section 80.591 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES... additives to be used in diesel fuel? (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (d) of this section,...

  10. Studies Relating to EVA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    In this session, Session JA1, the discussion focuses on the following topics: The Staged Decompression to the Hypobaric Atmosphere as a Prophylactic Measure Against Decompression Sickness During Repetitive EVA; A New Preoxygenation Procedure for Extravehicular Activity (EVA); Metabolic Assessments During Extra-Vehicular Activity; Evaluation of Safety of Hypobaric Decompressions and EVA From Positions of Probabilistic Theory; Fatty Acid Composition of Plasma Lipids and Erythrocyte Membranes During Simulation of Extravehicular Activity; Biomedical Studies Relating to Decompression Stress with Simulated EVA, Overview; The Joint Angle and Muscle Signature (JAMS) System - Current Uses and Future Applications; and Experimental Investigation of Cooperative Human-Robotic Roles in an EVA Work Site.

  11. Disability Care & Education in 19th Century India: Dates, Places & Documentation, with Some Additional Material on Mental Retardation and Physical Disabilities up to 1947. Revised Version.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, M.

    This monograph uses brief excerpts from many sources to document the history of the education and care of individuals with disabilities in India, primarily in the 19th century. An introduction describes the author's methodology in compiling and annotating the excerpts, which are listed alphabetically by locality in India. Under each locality,…

  12. 5 CFR 2429.22 - Additional time for filing with the FLRA if you are filing in response to a document that has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... effected. (c) Exception for applications for review filed under 5 CFR 2422.31. You do not get an additional 5 days to file an application for review of a Regional Director's Decision and Order under 5 CFR... rules that apply to filing exceptions to arbitration awards, see 5 CFR 2425.2(c)....

  13. 5 CFR 2429.22 - Additional time for filing with the FLRA if you are filing in response to a document that has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... effected. (c) Exception for applications for review filed under 5 CFR 2422.31. You do not get an additional 5 days to file an application for review of a Regional Director's Decision and Order under 5 CFR... rules that apply to filing exceptions to arbitration awards, see 5 CFR 2425.2(c)....

  14. Degraded document image enhancement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agam, G.; Bal, G.; Frieder, G.; Frieder, O.

    2007-01-01

    Poor quality documents are obtained in various situations such as historical document collections, legal archives, security investigations, and documents found in clandestine locations. Such documents are often scanned for automated analysis, further processing, and archiving. Due to the nature of such documents, degraded document images are often hard to read, have low contrast, and are corrupted by various artifacts. We describe a novel approach for the enhancement of such documents based on probabilistic models which increases the contrast, and thus, readability of such documents under various degradations. The enhancement produced by the proposed approach can be viewed under different viewing conditions if desired. The proposed approach was evaluated qualitatively and compared to standard enhancement techniques on a subset of historical documents obtained from the Yad Vashem Holocaust museum. In addition, quantitative performance was evaluated based on synthetically generated data corrupted under various degradation models. Preliminary results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  15. Orbitmpi Documentation

    SciTech Connect

    Lisa L. Lowe

    2000-10-05

    Orbitmpi is a parallelized version of Roscoe White's Orbit code. The code has been parallelized using MPI, which makes it portable to many types of machines. The guidelines used for the parallelization were to increase code performance with minimal changes to the code's original structure. This document gives a general description of how the parallel sections of the code run. It discusses the changes made to the original code and comments on the general procedure for future additions to Orbitmpi, as well as describing the effects of a parallelized random number generator on the code's output. Finally, the scaling results from Hecate and from Puffin are presented. Hecate is a 64-processor Origin 2000 machine, with MIPS R12000 processors and 16GB of memory, and Puffin is a PC cluster with 9 dual-processor 450 MHz Pentium III (18 processors max.), with 100Mbits ethernet communication.

  16. GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Defn: Guidance Document - A peer-reviewed document stating overarching principles and practices to be followed (also includes handbook documents).

    Declassified Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Karen M.

    Journalists and other investigators are daily using declassified government documents to shed light on historical and current events, but few have discovered how to tap the wealth of documents once classified but now in the public realm. An executive order from President Reagan eliminating declassification procedures and allowing released…

  17. Termination Documentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Mike; Hill, Jillian

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we examined 11 workplaces to determine how they handle termination documentation, an empirically unexplored area in technical communication and rhetoric. We found that the use of termination documentation is context dependent while following a basic pattern of infraction, investigation, intervention, and termination. Furthermore,…

  18. Document control and document management.

    PubMed

    Djemal, K K

    1999-12-01

    Most schemes for the accreditation (e.g. United Kingdom Accreditation Service) and certification (e.g. BS EN ISO 9002) of laboratories include a requirement to establish and maintain procedures for the management and control of documents generated internally. Such documents include policy statements, procedures, specifications, and some notices and memoranda. Organisations benefit from using agreed and approved information and from knowing that staff are using agreed and approved methods in their operating procedures. Document control systems are likely to become compulsory as accreditation schemes, such as Clinical Pathology Accreditation (CPA) for clinical microbiology laboratories, align with international standards. The Technical Services Division (TSD) in PHLS Headquarters has been developing a control system for various documents that it issues to the PHLS and control of documentation that forms the TSD quality system. The document control system has recently developed into a document management system that provides a mechanism for managing all documents generated or received by the division. TSD's approach is described here to provide laboratories and other organisations with ideas for how they could set up or develop their own document management system to improve accessibility to information. PMID:10598395

  19. Document Monitor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    The charters of Freedom Monitoring System will periodically assess the physical condition of the U.S. Constitution, Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights. Although protected in helium filled glass cases, the documents are subject to damage from light vibration and humidity. The photometer is a CCD detector used as the electronic film for the camera system's scanning camera which mechanically scans the document line by line and acquires a series of images, each representing a one square inch portion of the document. Perkin-Elmer Corporation's photometer is capable of detecting changes in contrast, shape or other indicators of degradation with 5 to 10 times the sensitivity of the human eye. A Vicom image processing computer receives the data from the photometer stores it and manipulates it, allowing comparison of electronic images over time to detect changes.

    1. Scientific Documentation.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pieper, Gail W.

      1980-01-01

      Describes how scientific documentation is taught in three 50-minute sessions in a technical writing course. Tells how session one distinguishes between in-text notes, footnotes, and reference entries; session two discusses the author-year system of citing references; and session three is concerned with the author-number system of reference…

    2. LCS Content Document Application

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hochstadt, Jake

      2011-01-01

      My project at KSC during my spring 2011 internship was to develop a Ruby on Rails application to manage Content Documents..A Content Document is a collection of documents and information that describes what software is installed on a Launch Control System Computer. It's important for us to make sure the tools we use everyday are secure, up-to-date, and properly licensed. Previously, keeping track of the information was done by Excel and Word files between different personnel. The goal of the new application is to be able to manage and access the Content Documents through a single database backed web application. Our LCS team will benefit greatly with this app. Admin's will be able to login securely to keep track and update the software installed on each computer in a timely manner. We also included exportability such as attaching additional documents that can be downloaded from the web application. The finished application will ease the process of managing Content Documents while streamlining the procedure. Ruby on Rails is a very powerful programming language and I am grateful to have the opportunity to build this application.

    3. Omega documentation

      SciTech Connect

      Howerton, R.J.; Dye, R.E.; Giles, P.C.; Kimlinger, J.R.; Perkins, S.T.; Plechaty, E.F.

      1983-08-01

      OMEGA is a CRAY I computer program that controls nine codes used by LLNL Physical Data Group for: 1) updating the libraries of evaluated data maintained by the group (UPDATE); 2) calculating average values of energy deposited in secondary particles and residual nuclei (ENDEP); 3) checking the libraries for internal consistency, especially for energy conservation (GAMCHK); 4) producing listings, indexes and plots of the library data (UTILITY); 5) producing calculational constants such as group averaged cross sections and transfer matrices for diffusion and Sn transport codes (CLYDE); 6) producing and updating standard files of the calculational constants used by LLNL Sn and diffusion transport codes (NDFL); 7) producing calculational constants for Monte Carlo transport codes that use group-averaged cross sections and continuous energy for particles (CTART); 8) producing and updating standard files used by the LLNL Monte Carlo transport codes (TRTL); and 9) producing standard files used by the LANL pointwise Monte Carlo transport code MCNP (MCPOINT). The first four of these functions and codes deal with the libraries of evaluated data and the last five with various aspects of producing calculational constants for use by transport codes. In 1970 a series, called PD memos, of internal and informal memoranda was begun. These were intended to be circulated among the group for comment and then to provide documentation for later reference whenever questions arose about the subject matter of the memos. They have served this purpose and now will be drawn upon as source material for this more comprehensive report that deals with most of the matters covered in those memos.

    4. Content-based document image retrieval in complex document collections

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Agam, G.; Argamon, S.; Frieder, O.; Grossman, D.; Lewis, D.

      2007-01-01

      We address the problem of content-based image retrieval in the context of complex document images. Complex documents typically start out on paper and are then electronically scanned. These documents have rich internal structure and might only be available in image form. Additionally, they may have been produced by a combination of printing technologies (or by handwriting); and include diagrams, graphics, tables and other non-textual elements. Large collections of such complex documents are commonly found in legal and security investigations. The indexing and analysis of large document collections is currently limited to textual features based OCR data and ignore the structural context of the document as well as important non-textual elements such as signatures, logos, stamps, tables, diagrams, and images. Handwritten comments are also normally ignored due to the inherent complexity of offline handwriting recognition. We address important research issues concerning content-based document image retrieval and describe a prototype for integrated retrieval and aggregation of diverse information contained in scanned paper documents we are developing. Such complex document information processing combines several forms of image processing together with textual/linguistic processing to enable effective analysis of complex document collections, a necessity for a wide range of applications. Our prototype automatically generates rich metadata about a complex document and then applies query tools to integrate the metadata with text search. To ensure a thorough evaluation of the effectiveness of our prototype, we are developing a test collection containing millions of document images.

    5. Technical approach document

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1989-12-01

      The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, Public Law 95-604 (PL95-604), grants the Secretary of Energy the authority and responsibility to perform such actions as are necessary to minimize radiation health hazards and other environmental hazards caused by inactive uranium mill sites. This Technical Approach Document (TAD) describes the general technical approaches and design criteria adopted by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in order to implement remedial action plans (RAPS) and final designs that comply with EPA standards. It does not address the technical approaches necessary for aquifer restoration at processing sites; a guidance document, currently in preparation, will describe aquifer restoration concerns and technical protocols. This document is a second revision to the original document issued in May 1986; the revision has been made in response to changes to the groundwater standards of 40 CFR 192, Subparts A--C, proposed by EPA as draft standards. New sections were added to define the design approaches and designs necessary to comply with the groundwater standards. These new sections are in addition to changes made throughout the document to reflect current procedures, especially in cover design, water resources protection, and alternate site selection; only minor revisions were made to some of the sections. Sections 3.0 is a new section defining the approach taken in the design of disposal cells; Section 4.0 has been revised to include design of vegetated covers; Section 8.0 discusses design approaches necessary for compliance with the groundwater standards; and Section 9.0 is a new section dealing with nonradiological hazardous constituents. 203 refs., 18 figs., 26 tabs.

    6. Food additives

      MedlinePlus

      Food additives are substances that become part of a food product when they are added during the processing or making of that food. "Direct" food additives are often added during processing to: Add nutrients ...

    7. Food additives

      PubMed Central

      Spencer, Michael

      1974-01-01

      Food additives are discussed from the food technology point of view. The reasons for their use are summarized: (1) to protect food from chemical and microbiological attack; (2) to even out seasonal supplies; (3) to improve their eating quality; (4) to improve their nutritional value. The various types of food additives are considered, e.g. colours, flavours, emulsifiers, bread and flour additives, preservatives, and nutritional additives. The paper concludes with consideration of those circumstances in which the use of additives is (a) justified and (b) unjustified. PMID:4467857

    8. An additional middle cuneiform?

      PubMed Central

      Brookes-Fazakerley, S.D.; Jackson, G.E.; Platt, S.R.

      2015-01-01

      Additional cuneiform bones of the foot have been described in reference to the medial bipartite cuneiform or as small accessory ossicles. An additional middle cuneiform has not been previously documented. We present the case of a patient with an additional ossicle that has the appearance and location of an additional middle cuneiform. Recognizing such an anatomical anomaly is essential for ruling out second metatarsal base or middle cuneiform fractures and for the preoperative planning of arthrodesis or open reduction and internal fixation procedures in this anatomical location. PMID:26224890

    9. Document Management on Display.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Grimshaw, Anne

      1998-01-01

      Describes some of the products displayed at the United Kingdom's largest document management, imaging and workflow exhibition (Document 97, Birmingham, England, October 7-9, 1997). Includes recognition technologies; document delivery; scanning; document warehousing; document management and retrieval software; workflow systems; Internet software;…

    10. COSMIC program documentation experience

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Kalar, M. C.

      1970-01-01

      A brief history of COSMIC as it relates to the handling of program documentation is summarized; the items that are essential for computer program documentation are also discussed. COSMIC documentation and program standards handbook is appended.

    11. Generic safety documentation model

      SciTech Connect

      Mahn, J.A.

      1994-04-01

      This document is intended to be a resource for preparers of safety documentation for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico facilities. It provides standardized discussions of some topics that are generic to most, if not all, Sandia/NM facilities safety documents. The material provides a ``core`` upon which to develop facility-specific safety documentation. The use of the information in this document will reduce the cost of safety document preparation and improve consistency of information.

    12. Food additives.

      PubMed

      Berglund, F

      1978-01-01

      The use of additives to food fulfils many purposes, as shown by the index issued by the Codex Committee on Food Additives: Acids, bases and salts; Preservatives, Antioxidants and antioxidant synergists; Anticaking agents; Colours; Emulfifiers; Thickening agents; Flour-treatment agents; Extraction solvents; Carrier solvents; Flavours (synthetic); Flavour enhancers; Non-nutritive sweeteners; Processing aids; Enzyme preparations. Many additives occur naturally in foods, but this does not exclude toxicity at higher levels. Some food additives are nutrients, or even essential nutritents, e.g. NaCl. Examples are known of food additives causing toxicity in man even when used according to regulations, e.g. cobalt in beer. In other instances, poisoning has been due to carry-over, e.g. by nitrate in cheese whey - when used for artificial feed for infants. Poisonings also occur as the result of the permitted substance being added at too high levels, by accident or carelessness, e.g. nitrite in fish. Finally, there are examples of hypersensitivity to food additives, e.g. to tartrazine and other food colours. The toxicological evaluation, based on animal feeding studies, may be complicated by impurities, e.g. orthotoluene-sulfonamide in saccharin; by transformation or disappearance of the additive in food processing in storage, e.g. bisulfite in raisins; by reaction products with food constituents, e.g. formation of ethylurethane from diethyl pyrocarbonate; by metabolic transformation products, e.g. formation in the gut of cyclohexylamine from cyclamate. Metabolic end products may differ in experimental animals and in man: guanylic acid and inosinic acid are metabolized to allantoin in the rat but to uric acid in man. The magnitude of the safety margin in man of the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) is not identical to the "safety factor" used when calculating the ADI. The symptoms of Chinese Restaurant Syndrome, although not hazardous, furthermore illustrate that the whole ADI

    13. Automated document analysis system

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Black, Jeffrey D.; Dietzel, Robert; Hartnett, David

      2002-08-01

      A software application has been developed to aid law enforcement and government intelligence gathering organizations in the translation and analysis of foreign language documents with potential intelligence content. The Automated Document Analysis System (ADAS) provides the capability to search (data or text mine) documents in English and the most commonly encountered foreign languages, including Arabic. Hardcopy documents are scanned by a high-speed scanner and are optical character recognized (OCR). Documents obtained in an electronic format bypass the OCR and are copied directly to a working directory. For translation and analysis, the script and the language of the documents are first determined. If the document is not in English, the document is machine translated to English. The documents are searched for keywords and key features in either the native language or translated English. The user can quickly review the document to determine if it has any intelligence content and whether detailed, verbatim human translation is required. The documents and document content are cataloged for potential future analysis. The system allows non-linguists to evaluate foreign language documents and allows for the quick analysis of a large quantity of documents. All document processing can be performed manually or automatically on a single document or a batch of documents.

    14. Payload Documentation Enhancement Project

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Brown, Betty G.

      1999-01-01

      In late 1998, the Space Shuttle Program recognized a need to revitalize its payload accommodations documentation. As a result a payload documentation enhancement project was initiated to review and update payload documentation and improve the accessibility to that documentation by the Space Shuttle user community.

    15. Computer software documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Comella, P. A.

      1973-01-01

      A tutorial in the documentation of computer software is presented. It presents a methodology for achieving an adequate level of documentation as a natural outgrowth of the total programming effort commencing with the initial problem statement and definition and terminating with the final verification of code. It discusses the content of adequate documentation, the necessity for such documentation and the problems impeding achievement of adequate documentation.

    16. Potlining Additives

      SciTech Connect

      Rudolf Keller

      2004-08-10

      In this project, a concept to improve the performance of aluminum production cells by introducing potlining additives was examined and tested. Boron oxide was added to cathode blocks, and titanium was dissolved in the metal pool; this resulted in the formation of titanium diboride and caused the molten aluminum to wet the carbonaceous cathode surface. Such wetting reportedly leads to operational improvements and extended cell life. In addition, boron oxide suppresses cyanide formation. This final report presents and discusses the results of this project. Substantial economic benefits for the practical implementation of the technology are projected, especially for modern cells with graphitized blocks. For example, with an energy savings of about 5% and an increase in pot life from 1500 to 2500 days, a cost savings of $ 0.023 per pound of aluminum produced is projected for a 200 kA pot.

    17. Phosphazene additives

      SciTech Connect

      Harrup, Mason K; Rollins, Harry W

      2013-11-26

      An additive comprising a phosphazene compound that has at least two reactive functional groups and at least one capping functional group bonded to phosphorus atoms of the phosphazene compound. One of the at least two reactive functional groups is configured to react with cellulose and the other of the at least two reactive functional groups is configured to react with a resin, such as an amine resin of a polycarboxylic acid resin. The at least one capping functional group is selected from the group consisting of a short chain ether group, an alkoxy group, or an aryloxy group. Also disclosed are an additive-resin admixture, a method of treating a wood product, and a wood product.

    18. Documentation and knowledge acquisition

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Rochowiak, Daniel; Moseley, Warren

      1990-01-01

      Traditional approaches to knowledge acquisition have focused on interviews. An alternative focuses on the documentation associated with a domain. Adopting a documentation approach provides some advantages during familiarization. A knowledge management tool was constructed to gain these advantages.

    19. Web document engineering

      SciTech Connect

      White, B.

      1996-05-01

      This tutorial provides an overview of several document engineering techniques which are applicable to the authoring of World Wide Web documents. It illustrates how pre-WWW hypertext research is applicable to the development of WWW information resources.

    20. Intranet Document Management Systems.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Wen, H. Joseph; Yen, David C.; Lin, Binshan

      1998-01-01

      Explains how intranets facilitate documentation availability within a company at substantial cost savings. Topics include intranet document management systems (IDMS); publication costs for printed materials; hardware and software specifications; performance; and security. (Author/LRW)

    1. JSC document index

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1988-01-01

      The Johnson Space Center (JSC) document index is intended to provide a single source listing of all published JSC-numbered documents their authors, and the designated offices of prime responsibility (OPR's) by mail code at the time of publication. The index contains documents which have been received and processed by the JSC Technical Library as of January 13, 1988. Other JSC-numbered documents which are controlled but not available through the JSC Library are also listed.

    2. Automated Management Of Documents

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Boy, Guy

      1995-01-01

      Report presents main technical issues involved in computer-integrated documentation. Problems associated with automation of management and maintenance of documents analyzed from perspectives of artificial intelligence and human factors. Technologies that may prove useful in computer-integrated documentation reviewed: these include conventional approaches to indexing and retrieval of information, use of hypertext, and knowledge-based artificial-intelligence systems.

    3. Documents and Civic Duties

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Potter, Lee Ann

      2005-01-01

      All of the documents featured in this article come from the holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration. Primary source documents illustrate what is meant by responsible citizenship. The people who create documents as well as those who are featured in them can serve as models of civic behavior--both appropriate and…

    4. Clinical document architecture.

      PubMed

      Heitmann, Kai

      2003-01-01

      The Clinical Document Architecture (CDA), a standard developed by the Health Level Seven organisation (HL7), is an ANSI approved document architecture for exchange of clinical information using XML. A CDA document is comprised of a header with associated vocabularies and a body containing the structural clinical information. PMID:15061557

    5. Document Conversion Methodology.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bovee, Donna

      1990-01-01

      Discusses digital imaging technology and examines document database conversion considerations. Two types of document imaging systems are described: (1) a work in process system, and (2) a storage and retrieval system. Conversion methodology is outlined, and a document conversion scenario is presented as a practical guide to conversion. (LRW)

    6. Program analysis for documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Lolmaugh, G. H.

      1970-01-01

      A program analysis for documentation (PAD) written in FORTRAN has three steps: listing the variables, describing the structure and writing the program specifications. Technical notes on editing criteria for reviewing program documentation, technical notes for PAD, and FORTRAN program analyzer for documentation are appended.

    7. Document Length Normalization.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Singhal, Amit; And Others

      1996-01-01

      Describes a study that investigated document retrieval relevance based on document length in an experimental text collection. Topics include term weighting and document ranking, retrieval strategies such as the vector-space cosine match, and a modified technique called the pivoted cosine normalization. (LRW)

    8. Documenting Employee Conduct

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Dalton, Jason

      2009-01-01

      One of the best ways for a child care program to lose an employment-related lawsuit is failure to document the performance of its employees. Documentation of an employee's performance can provide evidence of an employment-related decision such as discipline, promotion, or discharge. When properly implemented, documentation of employee performance…

    9. Document Flowdown Tool

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

      2010-12-31

      DFTool performs the following: • A tool to conduct, capture, document, and manage a systematic review and flowdown of contractual requirements/documents to the site, facility, and project-level implementing documents. • Ability to alert/email document owners to impending changes/updates and impacts to upper-level linked documents. • Custom ability to generate reports and/or include custom functionalities based on other needs or consideration for site use. • Ability to be accessed by all personnel (particularly document owners). •more » Shows both document flow-up and flow-down. • Provides visibility where links/flowdown does not currently exist or is incorrect so it can be changed/updated (no visibility currently exists). • Ability to capture requirements and ultimately link to an existing/proven requirements-based commitment tracking system which can be used (electively) at the facility/organizational-level« less

    10. Document Flowdown Tool

      SciTech Connect

      2010-12-31

      DFTool performs the following: • A tool to conduct, capture, document, and manage a systematic review and flowdown of contractual requirements/documents to the site, facility, and project-level implementing documents. • Ability to alert/email document owners to impending changes/updates and impacts to upper-level linked documents. • Custom ability to generate reports and/or include custom functionalities based on other needs or consideration for site use. • Ability to be accessed by all personnel (particularly document owners). • Shows both document flow-up and flow-down. • Provides visibility where links/flowdown does not currently exist or is incorrect so it can be changed/updated (no visibility currently exists). • Ability to capture requirements and ultimately link to an existing/proven requirements-based commitment tracking system which can be used (electively) at the facility/organizational-level

    11. ANOPP programming and documentation standards document

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1976-01-01

      Standards defining the requirements for preparing software for the Aircraft Noise Prediction Program (ANOPP) were given. It is the intent of these standards to provide definition, design, coding, and documentation criteria for the achievement of a unity among ANOPP products. These standards apply to all of ANOPP's standard software system. The standards encompass philosophy as well as techniques and conventions.

    12. Retrieving Product Documentation Online.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Racine, Sam J.; Crandall, Irving B.

      2001-01-01

      Discusses demands users face when searching for information in online libraries of product documentation. Demonstrates how physical libraries provide a helpful metaphor for design. Offers heuristics and a conceptual prototype for facilitating electronic document retrieval. Argues that the search form itself should communicate the way materials are…

    13. Tobacco document research reporting

      PubMed Central

      Carter, S

      2005-01-01

      Design: Interpretive analysis of published research. Sample: 173 papers indexed in Medline between 1995 and 2004 that cited tobacco industry documents. Analysis: Information about year published, journal and author, and a set of codes relating to methods reporting, were managed in N*Vivo. This coding formed the basis of an interpretation of tobacco document research reporting. Results: Two types of papers were identified. The first used tobacco documents as the primary data source (A-papers). The second was dedicated to another purpose but cited a small number of documents (B-papers). In B-papers documents were used either to provide a specific example or to support an expansive contention. A-papers contained information about purpose, sources, searching, analysis, and limitations that differed by author and journal and over time. A-papers had no clear methodological context, but used words from three major traditions—interpretive research, positivist research, and history—to describe analysis. Interpretation: A descriptive mainstream form of tobacco document reporting is proposed, initially typical but decreasing, and a continuum of positioning of the researcher, from conduit to constructor. Reporting practices, particularly from experienced researchers, appeared to evolve towards researcher as constructor, with later papers showing more complex purposes, diverse sources, and detail of searching and analysis. Tobacco document research could learn from existing research traditions: a model for planning and evaluating tobacco document research is presented. PMID:16319359

    14. Bibliography, Documentation, Terminology.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Coudert-Schklowski, C., Ed.

      1974-01-01

      Published periodically by the United Nations Education, Social, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Department of Documentation, Libraries, and Archives, this edition contains information on: (1) recent meetings and publications relating to international documentation and library conventions; (2) an update of the information contained in the…

    15. System Documentation Manual.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Semmel, Melvyn I.; Olson, Jerry

      The document is a system documentation manual of the Computer-Assisted Teacher Training System (CATTS) developed by the Center for Innovation in Teaching the Handicapped (Indiana University). CATTS is characterized as a system capable of providing continuous, instantaneous, and/or delayed feedback of relevant teacher-student interaction data to a…

    16. NASA Software Documentation Standard

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1991-01-01

      The NASA Software Documentation Standard (hereinafter referred to as "Standard") is designed to support the documentation of all software developed for NASA; its goal is to provide a framework and model for recording the essential information needed throughout the development life cycle and maintenance of a software system. The NASA Software Documentation Standard can be applied to the documentation of all NASA software. The Standard is limited to documentation format and content requirements. It does not mandate specific management, engineering, or assurance standards or techniques. This Standard defines the format and content of documentation for software acquisition, development, and sustaining engineering. Format requirements address where information shall be recorded and content requirements address what information shall be recorded. This Standard provides a framework to allow consistency of documentation across NASA and visibility into the completeness of project documentation. The basic framework consists of four major sections (or volumes). The Management Plan contains all planning and business aspects of a software project, including engineering and assurance planning. The Product Specification contains all technical engineering information, including software requirements and design. The Assurance and Test Procedures contains all technical assurance information, including Test, Quality Assurance (QA), and Verification and Validation (V&V). The Management, Engineering, and Assurance Reports is the library and/or listing of all project reports.

    17. Program automated documentation methods

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Lanzano, B. C.

      1970-01-01

      The mission analysis and trajectory simulation program is summarized; it provides an understanding of the size and complexity of one simulation for which documentation is mandatory. Programs for automating documentation of subroutines, flow charts, and internal cross reference information are also included.

    18. IDC System Specification Document.

      SciTech Connect

      Clifford, David J.

      2014-12-01

      This document contains the system specifications derived to satisfy the system requirements found in the IDC System Requirements Document for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 project. Revisions Version Date Author/Team Revision Description Authorized by V1.0 12/2014 IDC Reengineering Project Team Initial delivery M. Harris

    19. Document Design: Part 1.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Andrews, Deborah C., Ed.; Dyrud, Marilyn, Ed.

      1996-01-01

      Presents four articles that provide suggestions for teaching document design: (1) "Teaching the Rhetoric of Document Design" (Michael J. Hassett); (2) "Teaching by Example: Suggestions for Assignment Design" (Marilyn A. Dyrud); (3) "Teaching the Page as a Visual Unit" (Bill Hart-Davidson); and (4) "Designing a Home Page for the Web" (Lynette…

    20. Electronic Document Supply Systems.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cawkell, A. E.

      1991-01-01

      Describes electronic document delivery systems used by libraries and document image processing systems used for business purposes. Topics discussed include technical specifications; analogue read-only laser videodiscs; compact discs and CD-ROM; WORM; facsimile; ADONIS (Article Delivery over Network Information System); DOCDEL; and systems at the…

    1. Additive Manufacturing Infrared Inspection

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Gaddy, Darrell

      2014-01-01

      Additive manufacturing is a rapid prototyping technology that allows parts to be built in a series of thin layers from plastic, ceramics, and metallics. Metallic additive manufacturing is an emerging form of rapid prototyping that allows complex structures to be built using various metallic powders. Significant time and cost savings have also been observed using the metallic additive manufacturing compared with traditional techniques. Development of the metallic additive manufacturing technology has advanced significantly over the last decade, although many of the techniques to inspect parts made from these processes have not advanced significantly or have limitations. Several external geometry inspection techniques exist such as Coordinate Measurement Machines (CMM), Laser Scanners, Structured Light Scanning Systems, or even traditional calipers and gages. All of the aforementioned techniques are limited to external geometry and contours or must use a contact probe to inspect limited internal dimensions. This presentation will document the development of a process for real-time dimensional inspection technique and digital quality record of the additive manufacturing process using Infrared camera imaging and processing techniques.

    2. Documentation of structures branch programs and program updates. Project 3200

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Probe, D. G.

      1975-01-01

      Update programming of applications programs for the integrated structural analysis system is reported. An attempt is made to layout a standard document format for the preparation of program documents. Documentation which involves changes, additions, and I/O capability revisions to existing programs includes a checklist which should be reviewed each time a programming effort is documented.

    3. Secure Document Service for Cloud Computing

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Xu, Jin-Song; Huang, Ru-Cheng; Huang, Wan-Ming; Yang, Geng

      The development of cloud computing is still in its initial stage, and the biggest obstacle is data security. How to guarantee the privacy of user data is a worthwhile study. This paper has proposed a secure document service mechanism based on cloud computing. Out of consideration of security, in this mechanism, the content and the format of documents were separated prior to handling and storing. In addition, documents could be accessed safely within an optimized method of authorization. This mechanism would protect documents stored in cloud environment from leakage and provide an infrastructure for establishing reliable cloud services.

    4. NACA documents database project

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Smith, Ruth S.

      1991-01-01

      The plan to get all the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) collection online, with quality records, led to the NACA Documents Data base Project. The project has a two fold purpose: (1) to develop the definitive bibliography of NACA produced and/or held documents; and (2) to make that bibliography and the associated documents available to the aerospace community. This study supports the first objective by providing an analysis of the NACA collection and its bibliographic records, and supports the second objective by defining the NACA archive and recommending methodologies for meeting the project objectives.

    5. Program documentation standards

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Parker, D. A.; Frum, C. A.

      1972-01-01

      A style manual is presented to serve as a reference and guide for system and program documentation. It is intended to set standards for documentation, prescribing the procedures to be followed, format to be used, and information to be produced. The standards for program documentation specify the extent to which the programmer should support his efforts in writing. The first three sections of the manual (system, program, and operation descriptions) contain information of particular interest to management, operators, and program users, respectively. Each section was designed as a self-sufficient description from the management, operator, or user point of view.

    6. Software Document Inventory Program

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Merwarth, P. D.

      1984-01-01

      Program offers ways to file and locate sources of reference. DOCLIB system consists of two parts to serve needs of two type of users: general user and librarian. DOCLIB systems provides user with interactive, menudriven document inventory capability.

    7. Controlled Document Tracking Software

      Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

      1992-08-24

      MANTRACK is an automated, controlled document tracking system which does the following and reduces staff time required to perform these tasks: generates transmittal letters/receipts for every controlled copy issued (merged from a current distribution list), tracks the return of transmittal receipts, facilitates the check-in of the large number of transmittal receipts returned (using a barcode reader), generates a reminder list which prompts the cyclic review and evaluation of existing documents, generates overdue reminders for themore » return of past-due transmittal receipts, tracks the number of Procedure Change Directives (PCD) currently in effect for each procedure, generates and maintains current distribution lists for each document, generates a current table of contents when updates to the document (usually a procedure manual) are made.« less

    8. Geochemistry Technical Basis Document

      SciTech Connect

      Benedict, Jr, F Christopher; Rose, Timothy P; Thomas, James M; Waddell, Richard; Jacobson, Roger

      2004-03-18

      This document presents a methodology whereby geochemical data can more effectively contribute to the development , calibration, and verification of groundwater flow and slute transport models for the Underground Test Area (UGTA) Project.

    9. Transportation System Requirements Document

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1993-09-01

      This Transportation System Requirements Document (Trans-SRD) describes the functions to be performed by and the technical requirements for the Transportation System to transport spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) from Purchaser and Producer sites to a Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) site, and between CRWMS sites. The purpose of this document is to define the system-level requirements for Transportation consistent with the CRWMS Requirement Document (CRD). These requirements include design and operations requirements to the extent they impact on the development of the physical segments of Transportation. The document also presents an overall description of Transportation, its functions, its segments, and the requirements allocated to the segments and the system-level interfaces with Transportation. The interface identification and description are published in the CRWMS Interface Specification.

    10. SNF AGING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

      SciTech Connect

      L.L. Swanson

      2005-04-06

      The purpose of this system description document (SDD) is to establish requirements that drive the design of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) aging system and associated bases, which will allow the design effort to proceed. This SDD will be revised at strategic points as the design matures. This SDD identifies the requirements and describes the system design, as it currently exists, with emphasis on attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This SDD is an engineering tool for design control; accordingly, the primary audience and users are design engineers. This SDD is part of an iterative design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flow down of upper tier requirements onto the system. Knowledge of these requirements is essential in performing the design process. The SDD follows the design with regard to the description of the system. The description provided in the SDD reflects the current results of the design process. Throughout this SDD, the term aging cask applies to vertical site-specific casks and to horizontal aging modules. The term overpack is a vertical site-specific cask that contains a dual-purpose canister (DPC) or a disposable canister. Functional and operational requirements applicable to this system were obtained from ''Project Functional and Operational Requirements'' (F&OR) (Curry 2004 [DIRS 170557]). Other requirements that support the design process were taken from documents such as ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (PDC) (BSC 2004 [DES 171599]), ''Site Fire Hazards Analyses'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172174]), and ''Nuclear Safety Design Bases for License Application'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 171512]). The documents address requirements in the ''Project Requirements Document'' (PRD) (Canori and Leitner 2003 [DIRS 166275]). This SDD includes several appendices. Appendix A is a Glossary; Appendix B is a list of key system charts, diagrams, drawings, lists and additional supporting information; and Appendix C is a list of

    11. Document Concurrence System

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Muhsin, Mansour; Walters, Ian

      2004-01-01

      The Document Concurrence System is a combination of software modules for routing users expressions of concurrence with documents. This system enables determination of the current status of concurrences and eliminates the need for the prior practice of manually delivering paper documents to all persons whose approvals were required. This system runs on a server, and participants gain access via personal computers equipped with Web-browser and electronic-mail software. A user can begin a concurrence routing process by logging onto an administration module, naming the approvers and stating the sequence for routing among them, and attaching documents. The server then sends a message to the first person on the list. Upon concurrence by the first person, the system sends a message to the second person, and so forth. A person on the list indicates approval, places the documents on hold, or indicates disapproval, via a Web-based module. When the last person on the list has concurred, a message is sent to the initiator, who can then finalize the process through the administration module. A background process running on the server identifies concurrence processes that are overdue and sends reminders to the appropriate persons.

    12. Document Concurrence System

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Muhsin, Mansour; Walters, Ian

      2003-01-01

      The Document Concurrence System is a combination of software modules for routing users' expressions of concurrence with documents. This system enables determination of the current status of concurrences and eliminates the need for the prior practice of manually delivering paper documents to all persons whose approvals were required. This system runs on a server, and participants gain access via personal computers equipped with Web-browser and electronic-mail software. A user can begin a concurrence routing process by logging onto an administration module, naming the approvers and stating the sequence for routing among them, and attaching documents. The server then sends a message to the first person on the list. Upon concurrence by the first person, the system sends a message to the second person, and so forth. A person on the list indicates approval, places the documents on hold, or indicates disapproval, via a Web-based module. When the last person on the list has concurred, a message is sent to the initiator, who can then finalize the process through the administration module. A background process running on the server identifies concurrence processes that are overdue and sends reminders to the appropriate persons.

    13. Document Concurrence System

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Muhsin, Mansour; Walters, Ian

      2003-01-01

      The Document Concurrence System is a combination of software modules for routing users' expressions of concurrence with documents. This system enables determination of the current status of concurrences and eliminates the need for the prior practice of manually delivering paper documents to all persons whose approvals were required. This system runs on a server, and participants gain access via personal computers equipped with Web-browser and electronic-mail software. A user can begin a concurrence routing process by logging onto an administration module, naming the approvers and stating the sequence for routing among them, and attaching documents. The server then sends a message to the first person on the list. Upon concurrence by the first person, the system sends a message to the second person, and so forth. A person on the list indicates approval, places the documents on hold, or indicates disapproval, via a Web-based module. When the last person on the list had concurred, a message is sent to the initiator, who can then finalize the process through the administration module. A background process running on the server identifies concurrence processes that are overdue and sends reminders to the appropriate persons.

    14. Document reconstruction by layout analysis of snippets

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Kleber, Florian; Diem, Markus; Sablatnig, Robert

      2010-02-01

      Document analysis is done to analyze entire forms (e.g. intelligent form analysis, table detection) or to describe the layout/structure of a document. Also skew detection of scanned documents is performed to support OCR algorithms that are sensitive to skew. In this paper document analysis is applied to snippets of torn documents to calculate features for the reconstruction. Documents can either be destroyed by the intention to make the printed content unavailable (e.g. tax fraud investigation, business crime) or due to time induced degeneration of ancient documents (e.g. bad storage conditions). Current reconstruction methods for manually torn documents deal with the shape, inpainting and texture synthesis techniques. In this paper the possibility of document analysis techniques of snippets to support the matching algorithm by considering additional features are shown. This implies a rotational analysis, a color analysis and a line detection. As a future work it is planned to extend the feature set with the paper type (blank, checked, lined), the type of the writing (handwritten vs. machine printed) and the text layout of a snippet (text size, line spacing). Preliminary results show that these pre-processing steps can be performed reliably on a real dataset consisting of 690 snippets.

    15. Recommended documentation for computer users at ANL

      SciTech Connect

      Heiberger, A.A.

      1992-04-01

      Recommended Documentation for Computer Users at ANL is for all users of the services available from the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD). This document will guide you in selecting available documentation that will best fill your particular needs. Chapter 1 explains how to use this document to select documents and how to obtain them from the CTD Document Distribution Counter. Chapter 2 contains a table that categorizes available publications. Chapter 3 gives descriptions of the online DOCUMENT command for CMS, and VAX, and the Sun workstation. DOCUMENT allows you to scan for and order documentation that interests you. Chapter 4 lists publications by subject. Categories I and IX cover publications of a general nature and publications on telecommunications and networks respectively. Categories II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, and X cover publications on specific computer systems. Category XI covers publications on advanced scientific computing at Argonne. Chapter 5 contains abstracts for each publication, all arranged alphabetically. Chapter 6 describes additional publications containing bibliographies and master indexes that the user may find useful. The appendix identifies available computer systems, applications, languages, and libraries.

    16. Perceptions of document relevance

      PubMed Central

      Bruza, Peter; Chang, Vivien

      2014-01-01

      This article presents a study of how humans perceive and judge the relevance of documents. Humans are adept at making reasonably robust and quick decisions about what information is relevant to them, despite the ever increasing complexity and volume of their surrounding information environment. The literature on document relevance has identified various dimensions of relevance (e.g., topicality, novelty, etc.), however little is understood about how these dimensions may interact. We performed a crowdsourced study of how human subjects judge two relevance dimensions in relation to document snippets retrieved from an internet search engine. The order of the judgment was controlled. For those judgments exhibiting an order effect, a q–test was performed to determine whether the order effects can be explained by a quantum decision model based on incompatible decision perspectives. Some evidence of incompatibility was found which suggests incompatible decision perspectives is appropriate for explaining interacting dimensions of relevance in such instances. PMID:25071622

    17. Computer integrated documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Boy, Guy

      1991-01-01

      The main technical issues of the Computer Integrated Documentation (CID) project are presented. The problem of automation of documents management and maintenance is analyzed both from an artificial intelligence viewpoint and from a human factors viewpoint. Possible technologies for CID are reviewed: conventional approaches to indexing and information retrieval; hypertext; and knowledge based systems. A particular effort was made to provide an appropriate representation for contextual knowledge. This representation is used to generate context on hypertext links. Thus, indexing in CID is context sensitive. The implementation of the current version of CID is described. It includes a hypertext data base, a knowledge based management and maintenance system, and a user interface. A series is also presented of theoretical considerations as navigation in hyperspace, acquisition of indexing knowledge, generation and maintenance of a large documentation, and relation to other work.

    18. Document clustering methods, document cluster label disambiguation methods, document clustering apparatuses, and articles of manufacture

      DOEpatents

      Sanfilippo, Antonio; Calapristi, Augustin J.; Crow, Vernon L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

      2009-12-22

      Document clustering methods, document cluster label disambiguation methods, document clustering apparatuses, and articles of manufacture are described. In one aspect, a document clustering method includes providing a document set comprising a plurality of documents, providing a cluster comprising a subset of the documents of the document set, using a plurality of terms of the documents, providing a cluster label indicative of subject matter content of the documents of the cluster, wherein the cluster label comprises a plurality of word senses, and selecting one of the word senses of the cluster label.

    19. Customer Communication Document

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2009-01-01

      This procedure communicates to the Customers of the Automation, Robotics and Simulation Division (AR&SD) Dynamics Systems Test Branch (DSTB) how to obtain services of the Six-Degrees-Of-Freedom Dynamic Test System (SDTS). The scope includes the major communication documents between the SDTS and its Customer. It established the initial communication and contact points as well as provides the initial documentation in electronic media for the customer. Contact the SDTS Manager (SM) for the names of numbers of the current contact points.

    20. An Automated FORTRAN documenter

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Erickson, T.

      1982-01-01

      A set of programs designed to help R&D programmers document their FORTRAN programs more effectively were written. The central program reads FORTRAN source code and asks the programmer questions about things it has not heard of before. It inserts the answers to these questions as comments into the FORTRAN code. The comments, as well as extensive cross-reference information, are also written to an unformatted file. Other programs read this file to produce printed information or to act as an interactive document.

    1. Related environmental documents

      SciTech Connect

      1995-10-01

      This portion of the Energy Vision 2020 draft report is a listing of related environmental documents used in the drafting of this report. Specifically, the documents are the final environmental impact statements for: (1) Bellefonte Nuclear Plant 1 & 2, (2) Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant 1, 2, & 3, (3) Sequoyah Nuclear Plant 1 & 2, (4) Watts Bar Nuclear Plant 1 & 2, (5) Raccoon Mountain Pumped Storage Facility, (6) Policies relating to rates, (7) Tennessee River and reservoir system operation and planning, (8) Policies related to the use of coal.

    2. A synthetic document image dataset for developing and evaluating historical document processing methods

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Walker, Daniel; Lund, William; Ringger, Eric

      2012-01-01

      Document images accompanied by OCR output text and ground truth transcriptions are useful for developing and evaluating document recognition and processing methods, especially for historical document images. Additionally, research into improving the performance of such methods often requires further annotation of training and test data (e.g., topical document labels). However, transcribing and labeling historical documents is expensive. As a result, existing real-world document image datasets with such accompanying resources are rare and often relatively small. We introduce synthetic document image datasets of varying levels of noise that have been created from standard (English) text corpora using an existing document degradation model applied in a novel way. Included in the datasets is the OCR output from real OCR engines including the commercial ABBYY FineReader and the open-source Tesseract engines. These synthetic datasets are designed to exhibit some of the characteristics of an example real-world document image dataset, the Eisenhower Communiqúes. The new datasets also benefit from additional metadata that exist due to the nature of their collection and prior labeling efforts. We demonstrate the usefulness of the synthetic datasets by training an existing multi-engine OCR correction method on the synthetic data and then applying the model to reduce word error rates on the historical document dataset. The synthetic datasets will be made available for use by other researchers.

    3. Stressor Identification Guidance Document

      EPA Science Inventory

      EPA has made availabile the Stressor Identification Guidance Document (EPA 822-B-00-025) published under the authority of Section 304(a)(2) of the Clean Water Act (CWA). This technical guidance doc...

    4. Client Oriented Management Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Limaye, Mohan R.; Hightower, Rick

      Noting that accounting reports, including management advisory service (MAS) studies, reports on internal control, and tax memoranda, often appear rather dense and heavy in style--partly because of the legal environment's demand for careful expression and partly because such documents convey very complex information--this paper presents four…

    5. Teaching America's Founding Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Tucker, James

      1993-01-01

      Reflects on the author's experiences teaching a course on great documents in American history to high school students, concentrating on teaching the Declaration of Independence and the "Federalist Papers." Countering the students' tendencies toward superficial reading and encouraging deep analysis are the teacher's primary goals. (SLD)

    6. Document image content inventories

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Baird, Henry S.; Moll, Michael A.; An, Chang; Casey, Matthew R.

      2007-01-01

      We report an investigation into strategies, algorithms, and software tools for document image content extraction and inventory, that is, the location and measurement of regions containing handwriting, machine-printed text, photographs, blank space, etc. We have developed automatically trainable methods, adaptable to many kinds of documents represented as bilevel, greylevel, or color images, that offer a wide range of useful tradeoffs of speed versus accuracy using methods for exact and approximate k-Nearest Neighbor classification. We have adopted a policy of classifying each pixel (rather than regions) by content type: we discuss the motivation and engineering implications of this choice. We describe experiments on a wide variety of document-image and content types, and discuss performance in detail in terms of classification speed, per-pixel classification accuracy, per-page inventory accuracy, and subjective quality of page segmentation. These show that even modest per-pixel classification accuracies (of, e.g., 60-70%) support usefully high recall and precision rates (of, e.g., 80-90%) for retrieval queries of document collections seeking pages that contain a given minimum fraction of a certain type of content.

    7. Documents on Disarmament.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Washington, DC.

      This publication, latest in a series of volumes issued annually since 1960, contains primary source documents on arms control and disarmament developments during 1969. The main chronological arrangement is supplemented by both chronological and topical lists of contents. Other reference aids include a subject/author index, and lists of…

    8. ELT Documents, January 1975.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

      The theme of this issue of ELT Documents is the use of the language laboratory in language learning. An article by A. Maley summarizes the conference on the use of the language laboratory for advanced learners, held in Paris, 2-4 Oct. 1974, from which two main perspectives emerged. One is critical of the structuralist audio-lingual assumptions…

    9. Using Primary Source Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mintz, Steven

      2003-01-01

      Explores the use of primary sources when teaching about U.S. slavery. Includes primary sources from the Gilder Lehrman Documents Collection (New York Historical Society) to teach about the role of slaves in the Revolutionary War, such as a proclamation from Lord Dunmore offering freedom to slaves who joined his army. (CMK)

    10. Extremely secure identification documents

      SciTech Connect

      Tolk, K.M.; Bell, M.

      1997-09-01

      The technology developed in this project uses biometric information printed on the document and public key cryptography to ensure that an adversary cannot issue identification documents to unauthorized individuals or alter existing documents to allow their use by unauthorized individuals. This process can be used to produce many types of identification documents with much higher security than any currently in use. The system is demonstrated using a security badge as an example. This project focused on the technologies requiring development in order to make the approach viable with existing badge printing and laminating technologies. By far the most difficult was the image processing required to verify that the picture on the badge had not been altered. Another area that required considerable work was the high density printed data storage required to get sufficient data on the badge for verification of the picture. The image processing process was successfully tested, and recommendations are included to refine the badge system to ensure high reliability. A two dimensional data array suitable for printing the required data on the badge was proposed, but testing of the readability of the array had to be abandoned due to reallocation of the budgeted funds by the LDRD office.

    11. Electronic document interchange

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Erwin, Jim

      1993-01-01

      The operational impact of various storage formats related to electronic publishing of documents in the NASA Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Program is discussed. Questions are raised about the development of full text, surrogate, and hybrid storage formats. It appears that the eventual configuration will contain a mix of storage formats based on user demand.

    12. Electronic document interchange

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Tuey, Dick

      1993-01-01

      Evaluation and implementation tasks for the NASA-wide electronic publishing system known as networked DOCUTECH are examined and the system configuration is graphically depicted. DOCUTECH provides the capability to print on demand electronically stored documents. Use of the electronic publishing system in several applications has generated productivity gains ranging from 33 to 88 percent at geographically dispersed NASA centers.

    13. Electronic document management systems: an overview.

      PubMed

      Kohn, Deborah

      2002-08-01

      For over a decade, most health care information technology (IT) professionals erroneously learned that document imaging, which is one of the many component technologies of an electronic document management system (EDMS), is the only technology of an EDMS. In addition, many health care IT professionals erroneously believed that EDMSs have either a limited role or no place in IT environments. As a result, most health care IT professionals do not understand documents and unstructured data and their value as structured data partners in most aspects of transaction and information processing systems. PMID:12402630

    14. SANSMIC design document.

      SciTech Connect

      Weber, Paula D.; Rudeen, David Keith

      2015-07-01

      The United States Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) maintains an underground storage system consisting of caverns that were leached or solution mined in four salt domes located near the Gulf of Mexico in Texas and Louisiana. The SPR comprises more than 60 active caverns containing approximately 700 million barrels of crude oil. Sandia National Labo- ratories (SNL) is the geotechnical advisor to the SPR. As the most pressing need at the inception of the SPR was to create and fill storage volume with oil, the decision was made to leach the caverns and fill them simultaneously (leach-fill). Therefore, A.J. Russo developed SANSMIC in the early 1980s which allows for a transient oil-brine interface (OBI) making it possible to model leach-fill and withdrawal operations. As the majority of caverns are currently filled to storage capacity, the primary uses of SANSMIC at this time are related to the effects of small and large withdrawals, expansion of existing caverns, and projecting future pillar to diameter ratios. SANSMIC was identified by SNL as a priority candidate for qualification. This report continues the quality assurance (QA) process by documenting the "as built" mathematical and numerical models that comprise this document. The pro- gram flow is outlined and the models are discussed in detail. Code features that were added later or were not documented previously have been expounded. No changes in the code's physics have occurred since the original documentation (Russo, 1981, 1983) although recent experiments may yield improvements to the temperature and plume methods in the future.

    15. Content Documents Management

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Muniz, R.; Hochstadt, J.; Boelke J.; Dalton, A.

      2011-01-01

      The Content Documents are created and managed under the System Software group with. Launch Control System (LCS) project. The System Software product group is lead by NASA Engineering Control and Data Systems branch (NEC3) at Kennedy Space Center. The team is working on creating Operating System Images (OSI) for different platforms (i.e. AIX, Linux, Solaris and Windows). Before the OSI can be created, the team must create a Content Document which provides the information of a workstation or server, with the list of all the software that is to be installed on it and also the set where the hardware belongs. This can be for example in the LDS, the ADS or the FR-l. The objective of this project is to create a User Interface Web application that can manage the information of the Content Documents, with all the correct validations and filters for administrator purposes. For this project we used one of the most excellent tools in agile development applications called Ruby on Rails. This tool helps pragmatic programmers develop Web applications with Rails framework and Ruby programming language. It is very amazing to see how a student can learn about OOP features with the Ruby language, manage the user interface with HTML and CSS, create associations and queries with gems, manage databases and run a server with MYSQL, run shell commands with command prompt and create Web frameworks with Rails. All of this in a real world project and in just fifteen weeks!

    16. Software design and documentation language

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Kleine, H.

      1980-01-01

      Language supports design and documentation of complex software. Included are: design and documentation language for expressing design concepts; processor that produces intelligble documentation based on design specifications; and methodology for using language and processor to create well-structured top-down programs and documentation. Processor is written in SIMSCRIPT 11.5 programming language for use on UNIVAC, IBM, and CDC machines.

    17. Site Characterization Plan (SCP) conceptual design criteria document

      SciTech Connect

      Naiknimbalkar, N.M.

      1986-05-19

      This SCP Conceptual Design Criteria Document was developed to guide engineering effort for Engineering Study No. 10, the supporting document for Chapter 6 of the SCP. The document provides regulatory design guidance, design rationale derived from the Generic Requirements for a Mined Geological Disposal System document, site-specific criteria, and design assumptions. Appendices were added to provide additional information on geology and seals design. 24 figs., 15 tabs.

    18. SCP (Site Characterization Plan) conceptual design criteria document

      SciTech Connect

      Naiknimbalkar, N.M.

      1985-05-01

      This SCP Conceptual Design Criteria Document was developed to guide engineering efforts for Engineering Study No. 10, the supporting document for Chapter 6 of the SCP. The document provides regulatory design guidance, design rationale derived from the Generic Requirements for a Mined Geological Disposal System document, site-specific criteria, and design assumptions. Appendices were added to provide additional information on geology and seals design.

    19. SSC Safety Review Document

      SciTech Connect

      Toohig, T.E.

      1988-11-01

      The safety strategy of the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Central Design Group (CDG) is to mitigate potential hazards to personnel, as far as possible, through appropriate measures in the design and engineering of the facility. The Safety Review Document identifies, on the basis of the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) and related studies, potential hazards inherent in the SSC project independent of its site. Mitigative measures in the design of facilities and in the structuring of laboratory operations are described for each of the hazards identified.

    20. Watermarking ancient documents based on wavelet packets

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Maatouk, Med Neji; Jedidi, Ola; Essoukri Ben Amara, Najoua

      2009-01-01

      The ancient documents present an important part of our individual and collective memory. In addition to their preservation, the digitization of these documents may offer users a great number of services like remote look-up and browsing rare documents. However, the documents, digitally formed, are likely to be modified or pirated. Therefore, we need to develop techniques of protecting images stemming from ancient documents. Watermarking figures to be one of the promising solutions. Nevertheless, the performance of watermarking procedure depends on being neither too robust nor too invisible. Thus, choosing the insertion field or mode as well as the carrier points of the signature is decisive. We propose in this work a method of watermarking images stemming from ancient documents based on wavelet packet decomposition. The insertion is carried out into the maximum amplitude ratio being in the best base of decomposition, which is determined beforehand according to a criterion on entropy. This work is part of a project of digitizing ancient documents in cooperation with the National Library of Tunis (BNT).

    1. Standardizing Documentation of FITS Headers

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Hourcle, Joseph

      2014-06-01

      Although the FITS file format[1] can be self-documenting, human intervention is often needed to read the headers to write the necessary transformations to make a given instrument team's data compatible with our preferred analysis package. External documentation may be needed to determine what the values are of coded values or unfamiliar acronyms.Different communities have interpreted keywords slightly differently. This has resulted in ambiguous fields such as DATE-OBS, which could be either the start or mid-point of an observation.[2]Conventions for placing units and additional information within the comments of a FITS card exist, but they require re-writing the FITS file. This operation can be quite costly for large archives, and should not be taken lightly when dealing with issues of digital preservation.We present what we believe is needed for a machine-actionable external file describing a given collection of FITS files. We seek comments from data producers, archives, and those writing software to help develop a single, useful, implementable standard.References:[1] Pence, et.al. 2010, http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201015362[2] Rots, et.al, (in preparation), http://hea-www.cfa.harvard.edu arots/TimeWCS/

    2. Regulatory guidance document

      SciTech Connect

      1994-05-01

      The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) Program Management System Manual requires preparation of the OCRWM Regulatory Guidance Document (RGD) that addresses licensing, environmental compliance, and safety and health compliance. The document provides: regulatory compliance policy; guidance to OCRWM organizational elements to ensure a consistent approach when complying with regulatory requirements; strategies to achieve policy objectives; organizational responsibilities for regulatory compliance; guidance with regard to Program compliance oversight; and guidance on the contents of a project-level Regulatory Compliance Plan. The scope of the RGD includes site suitability evaluation, licensing, environmental compliance, and safety and health compliance, in accordance with the direction provided by Section 4.6.3 of the PMS Manual. Site suitability evaluation and regulatory compliance during site characterization are significant activities, particularly with regard to the YW MSA. OCRWM`s evaluation of whether the Yucca Mountain site is suitable for repository development must precede its submittal of a license application to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Accordingly, site suitability evaluation is discussed in Chapter 4, and the general statements of policy regarding site suitability evaluation are discussed in Section 2.1. Although much of the data and analyses may initially be similar, the licensing process is discussed separately in Chapter 5. Environmental compliance is discussed in Chapter 6. Safety and Health compliance is discussed in Chapter 7.

    3. Managing Documents in the Wider Area: Intelligent Document Management.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bittleston, Richard

      1995-01-01

      Discusses techniques for managing documents in wide area networks, reviews technique limitations, and offers recommendations to database designers. Presented techniques include: increasing bandwidth, reducing data traffic, synchronizing documentation, partial synchronization, audit trials, navigation, and distribution control and security. Two…

    4. Online NASTRAN documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Turner, Horace Q.; Harper, David F.

      1991-01-01

      The distribution of NASTRAN User Manual information has been difficult because of the delay in printing and difficulty in identification of all the users. This has caused many users not to have the current information for the release of NASTRAN that could be available to them. The User Manual updates have been supplied with the NASTRAN Releases, but distribution within organizations was not coordinated with access to releases. The Executive Control, Case Control, and Bulk Data sections are supplied in machine readable format with the 91 Release of NASTRAN. This information is supplied on the release tapes in ASCII format, and a FORTRAN program to access this information is supplied on the release tapes. This will allow each user to have immediate access to User Manual level documentation with the release. The sections on utilities, plotting, and substructures are expected to be prepared for the 92 Release.

    5. Document Retrieval Based on Clustered Files.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Murray, Daniel McClure

      A retrieval system is considered in which document descriptions are stored and accessed in groups called clusters. All items in a cluster meet common similarity criteria and are represented by a composite entity called a profile. In large collections, profiles themselves are clustered and additional levels of profiles are generated. This entire…

    6. Imaged Document Optical Correlation and Conversion System (IDOCCS)

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Stalcup, Bruce W.; Dennis, Phillip W.; Dydyk, Robert B.

      1999-03-01

      Today, the paper document is fast becoming a thing of the past. With the rapid development of fast, inexpensive computing and storage devices, many government and private organizations are archiving their documents in electronic form (e.g., personnel records, medical records, patents, etc.). In addition, many organizations are converting their paper archives to electronic images, which are stored in a computer database. Because of this, there is a need to efficiently organize this data into comprehensive and accessible information resources. The Imaged Document Optical Correlation and Conversion System (IDOCCS) provides a total solution to the problem of managing and retrieving textual and graphic information from imaged document archives. At the heart of IDOCCS, optical correlation technology provides the search and retrieval capability of document images. The IDOCCS can be used to rapidly search for key words or phrases within the imaged document archives and can even determine the types of languages contained within a document. In addition, IDOCCS can automatically compare an input document with the archived database to determine if it is a duplicate, thereby reducing the overall resources required to maintain and access the document database. Embedded graphics on imaged pages can also be exploited, e.g., imaged documents containing an agency's seal or logo, or documents with a particular individual's signature block, can be singled out. With this dual capability, IDOCCS outperforms systems that rely on optical character recognition as a basis for indexing and storing only the textual content of documents for later retrieval.

    7. Residential Demand Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      Model Documentation - Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code.

    8. MONITORED GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT

      SciTech Connect

      V. Trebules

      2006-06-02

      This document establishes the Monitored Geologic Repository system requirements for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS). These requirements are based on the ''Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System Requirements Document'' (CRD) (DOE 2004a). The ''Monitored Geologic Repository Systems Requirements Document'' (MGR-RD) is developed in accordance with LP-3.3 SQ-OCRWM, ''Preparation, Review, and Approval of Office of Repository Development Requirements Document''. As illustrated in Figure 1, the MGR-RD forms part of the DOE Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Technical Requirements Baseline. Revision 0 of this document identifies requirements for the current phase of repository design that is focused on developing a preliminary design for the repository and will be included in the license application submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission for a repository at Yucca Mountain in support of receiving a construction authorization and subsequent operating license. As additional information becomes available, more detailed requirements will be identified in subsequent revisions to this document.

    9. Segmentation and automatic descreening of scanned documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Jaimes, Alejandro; Mintzer, Frederick C.; Rao, A. Ravishankar; Thompson, Gerry

      1998-12-01

      One of the major challenges in scanning and printing documents in a digital library is the preservation of the quality of the documents and in particular of the images they contain. When photographs are offset-printed, the process of screening usually takes place. During screening, a continuous tone image is converted into a bi-level image by applying a screen to replace each color in the original image. When high-resolution scanning of screened images is performed, it is very common in the digital version of the document to observe the screen patterns used during the original printing. In addition, when printing the digital document, more effects tend to appear because printing requires halftoning. In order to automatically suppress these moire patterns, it is necessary to detect the image areas of the document and remove the screen pattern present in those areas. In this paper, we present efficient and robust techniques to segment a grayscale document into halftone image areas, detect the presence and frequency of screen patterns in halftone areas and suppress their detected screens. We present novel techniques to perform fast segmentation based on (alpha) -crossings, detection of screen frequencies using a fast accumulator function and suppression of detected screens by low-pass filtering.

    10. Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document

      SciTech Connect

      P. Curry

      2001-06-26

      The primary objective of the Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document (PDD) is to allocate the functions, requirements, and assumptions to the systems at Level 5 of the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) architecture identified in Section 4. It provides traceability of the requirements to those contained in Section 3 of the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project Requirements Document (YMP RD) (YMP 2001a) and other higher-level requirements documents. In addition, the PDD allocates design related assumptions to work products of non-design organizations. The document provides Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) technical requirements in support of design and performance assessment in preparing for the Site Recommendation (SR) and License Application (LA) milestones. The technical requirements documented in the PDD are to be captured in the System Description Documents (SDDs) which address each of the systems at Level 5 of the CRWMS architecture. The design engineers obtain the technical requirements from the SDDs and by reference from the SDDs to the PDD. The design organizations and other organizations will obtain design related assumptions directly from the PDD. These organizations may establish additional assumptions for their individual activities, but such assumptions are not to conflict with the assumptions in the PDD. The PDD will serve as the primary link between the technical requirements captured in the SDDs and the design requirements captured in US Department of Energy (DOE) documents. The approved PDD is placed under Level 3 baseline control by the CRWMS Management and Operating Contractor (M&O) and the following portions of the PDD constitute the Technical Design Baseline for the MGR: the design characteristics listed in Table 1-1, the MGR Architecture (Section 4.1), the Technical Requirements (Section 5), and the Controlled Project Assumptions (Section 6).

    11. Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document

      SciTech Connect

      P. Curry

      2000-06-01

      The primary objective of the Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document (PDD) is to allocate the functions, requirements, and assumptions to the systems at Level 5 of the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) architecture identified in Section 4. It provides traceability of the requirements to those contained in Section 3 of the ''Monitored Geologic Repository Requirements Document'' (MGR RD) (CRWMS M&O 2000b) and other higher-level requirements documents. In addition, the PDD allocates design related assumptions to work products of non-design organizations. The document provides Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) engineering design basis in support of design and performance assessment in preparing for the Site Recommendation (SR) and License Application (LA) milestones. The engineering design basis documented in the PDD is to be captured in the System Description Documents (SDDs) which address each of the systems at Level 5 of the CRWMS architecture. The design engineers obtain the engineering design basis from the SDDs and by reference from the SDDs to the PDD. The design organizations and other organizations will obtain design related assumptions directly from the PDD. These organizations may establish additional assumptions for their individual activities, but such assumptions are not to conflict with the assumptions in the PDD. The PDD will serve as the primary link between the engineering design basis captured in the SDDs and the design requirements captured in U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) documents. The approved PDD is placed under Level 3 baseline control by the CRWMS Management and Operating Contractor (M&O) and the following portions of the PDD constitute the Technical Design Baseline for the MGR: the design characteristics listed in Table 2-1, the MGR Architecture (Section 4.1),the Engineering Design Bases (Section 5), and the Controlled Project Assumptions (Section 6).

    12. Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document

      SciTech Connect

      P. M. Curry

      2001-01-30

      The primary objective of the Monitored Geologic Repository Project Description Document (PDD) is to allocate the functions, requirements, and assumptions to the systems at Level 5 of the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) architecture identified in Section 4. It provides traceability of the requirements to those contained in Section 3 of the ''Monitored Geologic Repository Requirements Document'' (MGR RD) (YMP 2000a) and other higher-level requirements documents. In addition, the PDD allocates design related assumptions to work products of non-design organizations. The document provides Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) technical requirements in support of design and performance assessment in preparing for the Site Recommendation (SR) and License Application (LA) milestones. The technical requirements documented in the PDD are to be captured in the System Description Documents (SDDs) which address each of the systems at Level 5 of the CRWMS architecture. The design engineers obtain the technical requirements from the SDDs and by reference from the SDDs to the PDD. The design organizations and other organizations will obtain design related assumptions directly from the PDD. These organizations may establish additional assumptions for their individual activities, but such assumptions are not to conflict with the assumptions in the PDD. The PDD will serve as the primary link between the technical requirements captured in the SDDs and the design requirements captured in US Department of Energy (DOE) documents. The approved PDD is placed under Level 3 baseline control by the CRWMS Management and Operating Contractor (M and O) and the following portions of the PDD constitute the Technical Design Baseline for the MGR: the design characteristics listed in Table 1-1, the MGR Architecture (Section 4.1), the Technical Requirements (Section 5), and the Controlled Project Assumptions (Section 6).

    13. Software design and documentation language

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Kleine, H.

      1977-01-01

      A communications medium to support the design and documentation of complex software applications is studied. The medium also provides the following: (1) a processor which can convert design specifications into an intelligible, informative machine reproducible document; (2) a design and documentation language with forms and syntax that are simple, unrestrictive, and communicative; and (3) methodology for effective use of the language and processor.

    14. Language Documentation in the Americas

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Franchetto, Bruna; Rice, Keren

      2014-01-01

      In the last decades, the documentation of endangered languages has advanced greatly in the Americas. In this paper we survey the role that international funding programs have played in advancing documentation in this part of the world, with a particular focus on the growth of documentation in Brazil, and we examine some of the major opportunities…

    15. MFIX documentation theory guide

      SciTech Connect

      Syamlal, M.; Rogers, W.; O`Brien, T.J.

      1993-12-01

      This report describes the MFIX (Multiphase Flow with Interphase exchanges) computer model. MFIX is a general-purpose hydrodynamic model that describes chemical reactions and heat transfer in dense or dilute fluid-solids flows, flows typically occurring in energy conversion and chemical processing reactors. MFIX calculations give detailed information on pressure, temperature, composition, and velocity distributions in the reactors. With such information, the engineer can visualize the conditions in the reactor, conduct parametric studies and what-if experiments, and, thereby, assist in the design process. The MFIX model, developed at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC), has the following capabilities: mass and momentum balance equations for gas and multiple solids phases; a gas phase and two solids phase energy equations; an arbitrary number of species balance equations for each of the phases; granular stress equations based on kinetic theory and frictional flow theory; a user-defined chemistry subroutine; three-dimensional Cartesian or cylindrical coordinate systems; nonuniform mesh size; impermeable and semi-permeable internal surfaces; user-friendly input data file; multiple, single-precision, binary, direct-access, output files that minimize disk storage and accelerate data retrieval; and extensive error reporting. This report, which is Volume 1 of the code documentation, describes the hydrodynamic theory used in the model: the conservation equations, constitutive relations, and the initial and boundary conditions. The literature on the hydrodynamic theory is briefly surveyed, and the bases for the different parts of the model are highlighted.

    16. Sexual assault documentation program.

      PubMed

      Willoughby, Vickie; Heger, Astrid; Rogers, Christopher; Sathyavagiswaran, Lakshmanan

      2012-03-01

      Since 2001, the Los Angeles County Department of Coroner has collaborated with Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center Violence Intervention Program and their Sexual Assault Center. The partnership was established at the suggestion of the district attorney's office to enhance the clinical recognition of sexual assault in the medical examiner's office using the extensive experience of experts in the field of sexual assault. As of December 2008, over 5 dozen victims of sexual assault have been evaluated with this collaboration. The partnership relied on the expertise of 2 pediatricians who are established clinical experts in the field of sexual abuse and assault, in collaboration with the staff of the medical examiner's office. In cases of suspected sexual assault, a joint evaluation by the clinical experts and the medical examiner was made. The goal of the project was for the medical examiners to become more confident in their observations and documentation of crimes of sexual abuse. Even though they are still available upon request, consultations with the sexual assault experts have decreased as the skills of the medical examiner to evaluate sexual assault cases have increased. PMID:22442832

    17. Engineering studies related to the GEOS-C radar altimeter

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Miller, L. S.; Brown, G. S.

      1974-01-01

      Experiment requirements, technical characteristics, and GEOS-C radar altimeter related analyses are discussed along with results of a study on engineering test data requirements. Statistical analyses related to determination of wave height resolution achievable as a function of system characteristics and averaging period are described, in addition to a discussion on the desirability of using computer procedures to compensate for altitude tracker time-jitter. Data processing considerations for the GEOS-C system are examined. An extensive analysis of the spatial filter effect is given and results of a computation of geoidal power spectral density, based on Skylab altimeter data, is displayed and interpreted in terms of projected GEOS-C random errors. This information is then used in deriving minimum-mean-square filter procedures for both geoid undulation and slope data. The characteristics of mean received waveforms as a function of off-nadir angle are used to obtain tracker bias as a function of sea state and pointing angle. The angle estimation process proposed by the GEOS-C hardware contractor is also investigated from a standpoint of achievable angular resolution.

    18. 42 CFR 1008.39 - Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-10-01

      ... AUTHORITIES ADVISORY OPINIONS BY THE OIG Submission of a Formal Request for an Advisory Opinion § 1008.39 Additional information. (a) If the request for an advisory opinion does not contain all of the information... advisory opinion, the OIG may, at any time, request whatever additional information or documents it...

    19. 42 CFR 1008.39 - Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-10-01

      ... AUTHORITIES ADVISORY OPINIONS BY THE OIG Submission of a Formal Request for an Advisory Opinion § 1008.39 Additional information. (a) If the request for an advisory opinion does not contain all of the information... advisory opinion, the OIG may, at any time, request whatever additional information or documents it...

    20. 42 CFR 1008.39 - Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-10-01

      ... AUTHORITIES ADVISORY OPINIONS BY THE OIG Submission of a Formal Request for an Advisory Opinion § 1008.39 Additional information. (a) If the request for an advisory opinion does not contain all of the information... advisory opinion, the OIG may, at any time, request whatever additional information or documents it...

    1. 42 CFR 1008.39 - Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-10-01

      ... AUTHORITIES ADVISORY OPINIONS BY THE OIG Submission of a Formal Request for an Advisory Opinion § 1008.39 Additional information. (a) If the request for an advisory opinion does not contain all of the information... advisory opinion, the OIG may, at any time, request whatever additional information or documents it...

    2. 42 CFR 1008.39 - Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-10-01

      ... AUTHORITIES ADVISORY OPINIONS BY THE OIG Submission of a Formal Request for an Advisory Opinion § 1008.39 Additional information. (a) If the request for an advisory opinion does not contain all of the information... advisory opinion, the OIG may, at any time, request whatever additional information or documents it...

    3. GMSEC Interface Specification Document 2016 March

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Handy, Matthew

      2016-01-01

      The GMSEC Interface Specification Document contains the standard set of defined messages. Each GMSEC standard message contains a GMSEC Information Bus Header section and a Message Contents section. Each message section identifies required fields, optional fields, data type and recommended use of the fields. Additionally, this document includes the message subjects associated with the standard messages. The system design of the operations center should ensure the components that are selected use both the API and the defined standard messages in order to achieve full interoperability from component to component.

    4. Pharmacological and Chemical Effects of Cigarette Additives

      PubMed Central

      Rabinoff, Michael; Caskey, Nicholas; Rissling, Anthony; Park, Candice

      2007-01-01

      We investigated tobacco industry documents and other sources for evidence of possible pharmacological and chemical effects of tobacco additives. Our findings indicated that more than 100 of 599 documented cigarette additives have pharmacological actions that camouflage the odor of environmental tobacco smoke emitted from cigarettes, enhance or maintain nicotine delivery, could increase the addictiveness of cigarettes, and mask symptoms and illnesses associated with smoking behaviors. Whether such uses were specifically intended for these agents is unknown. Our results provide a clear rationale for regulatory control of tobacco additives. PMID:17666709

    5. Scalable ranked retrieval using document images

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Jain, Rajiv; Oard, Douglas W.; Doermann, David

      2013-12-01

      Despite the explosion of text on the Internet, hard copy documents that have been scanned as images still play a significant role for some tasks. The best method to perform ranked retrieval on a large corpus of document images, however, remains an open research question. The most common approach has been to perform text retrieval using terms generated by optical character recognition. This paper, by contrast, examines whether a scalable segmentation-free image retrieval algorithm, which matches sub-images containing text or graphical objects, can provide additional benefit in satisfying a user's information needs on a large, real world dataset. Results on 7 million scanned pages from the CDIP v1.0 test collection show that content based image retrieval finds a substantial number of documents that text retrieval misses, and that when used as a basis for relevance feedback can yield improvements in retrieval effectiveness.

    6. World energy projection system: Model documentation

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      1992-06-01

      The World Energy Project System (WEPS) is an accounting framework that incorporates projects from independently documented models and assumptions about the future energy intensity of economic activity (ratios of total energy consumption divided by gross domestic product) and about the rate of incremental energy requirements met by hydropower, geothermal, coal, and natural gas to produce projections of world energy consumption published annually by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the International Energy Outlook (IEO). Two independently documented models presented in Figure 1, the Oil Market Simulation (OMS) model and the World Integrated Nuclear Evaluation System (WINES), provide projections of oil and nuclear power consumption published in the IEO. Output from a third independently documented model, and the International Coal Trade Model (ICTM), is not published in the IEO but is used in WEPS as a supply check on projections of world coal consumption produced by WEPS and published in the IEO. A WEPS model of natural gas production documented in this report provides the same type of implicit supply check on the WEPS projections of world natural gas consumption published in the IEO. Two additional models are included in Figure 1, the OPEC Capacity model and the Non-OPEC Oil Production model. These WEPS models provide inputs to the OMS model and are documented in this report.

    7. Enhanced information retrieval from narrative German-language clinical text documents using automated document classification.

      PubMed

      Spat, Stephan; Cadonna, Bruno; Rakovac, Ivo; Gütl, Christian; Leitner, Hubert; Stark, Günther; Beck, Peter

      2008-01-01

      The amount of narrative clinical text documents stored in Electronic Patient Records (EPR) of Hospital Information Systems is increasing. Physicians spend a lot of time finding relevant patient-related information for medical decision making in these clinical text documents. Thus, efficient and topical retrieval of relevant patient-related information is an important task in an EPR system. This paper describes the prototype of a medical information retrieval system (MIRS) for clinical text documents. The open-source information retrieval framework Apache Lucene has been used to implement the prototype of the MIRS. Additionally, a multi-label classification system based on the open-source data mining framework WEKA generates metadata from the clinical text document set. The metadata is used for influencing the rank order of documents retrieved by physicians. Combining information retrieval and automated document classification offers an enhanced approach to let physicians and in the near future patients define their information needs for information stored in an EPR. The system has been designed as a J2EE Web-application. First findings are based on a sample of 18,000 unstructured, clinical text documents written in German. PMID:18487776

    8. Fossil energy program. Summary document

      SciTech Connect

      1980-05-01

      This program summary document presents a comprehensive overview of the research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities that will be performed in FY 1981 by the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (ASFE), US Department of Energy (DOE). The ASFE technology programs for the fossil resources of coal, petroleum (including oil shale) and gas have been established with the goal of making substantive contributions to the nation's future supply and efficienty use of energy. On April 29, 1977, the Administration submitted to Congress the National Energy Plan (NEP) and accompanying legislative proposals designed to establish a coherent energy policy structure for the United States. Congress passed the National Energy Act (NEA) on October 15, 1978, which allows implementation of the vital parts of the NEP. The NEP was supplemented by additional energy policy statements culminating in the President's address on July 15, 1979, presenting a program to further reduce dependence on imported petroleum. The passage of the NEA-related energy programs represent specific steps by the Administration and Congress to reorganize, redirect, and clarify the role of the Federal Government in the formulation and execution of national energy policy and programs. The energy technology RD and D prog4rams carried out by ASFE are an important part of the Federal Government's effort to provide the combination and amounts of energy resources needed to ensure national security and continued economic growth.

    9. Advanced optical document security elements

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Škereš, Marek; Svoboda, Jakub; Possolt, Martin; Květoš, Milan; Fiala, Pavel

      2012-01-01

      ABSTRACT Synthetic diffractive structures represent an important tool in the optical document security. Their macroscopic visual behavior is based on properties of a very fine micro-structure which cannot be copied using common copying techniques. The visual effects can be easily observed by a common observer without any special inspection tools. However, when a high level of security is needed, additional features are often included based on an optical encryption of information. In this paper, a novel encryption technique is presented, which is based on utilizing the plastic holographic foil as a waveguide and special diffractive structures as coupling elements. When an in-coupling area is illuminated with a defined light beam, the light is coupled into the waveguide and travels to an out-coupling part. The encrypted information is encoded either in the shape of the out-coupling area or it can be formed from an out-coupling hologram in free space above the element. Both laser and normal white light sources can be used for reading the information. The coupling areas can be mixed with diffractive micro-structures forming visual effects and can be invisible during a normal observation of the hologram. The couplers can be realized using the technology fully compatible with the standard process for mastering and replication of the security elements. Several extensions of the described idea of waveguide cryptograms are also included. Finally, a set of real samples of the security elements is presented, which were realized using an advanced matrix laser lithography technique.

    10. The Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for Level 1A Processing

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Jester, Peggy L.; Hancock, David W., III

      2012-01-01

      The first process of the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) Science Algorithm Software converts the Level 0 data into the Level 1A Data Products. The Level 1A Data Products are the time ordered instrument data converted from counts to engineering units. This document defines the equations that convert the raw instrument data into engineering units. Required scale factors, bias values, and coefficients are defined in this document. Additionally, required quality assurance and browse products are defined in this document.

    11. The Well-Documented College: How To Produce Good Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Perkins, Bill

      While many educational institutions pay lip service to quality, often the very documents they produce, such as training handbooks and reference manuals, are not themselves of high quality. Quality documentation helps employees find what they are looking for, know when and where to ask for help, and become more independent. At Central Piedmont…

    12. Essential Communication and Documentation Skills. Module: Form Documentation.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Medina, Muriel; And Others

      This module is the eighth of 10 in the Essential Communication and Documentation Skills curriculum. It develops skill in form documentation, a workplace literacy skill identified as being directly related to the job of the direct care worker. The curriculum is designed to improve the competence of New York State Division for Youth (DFY) direct…

    13. Trauma care documentation: a comprehensive guide.

      PubMed

      Southard, P; Frankel, P

      1989-01-01

      The medical record serves numerous functions. It provides chronologic evidence of patient evaluation, treatment, and response to therapy, and a means to review the quality of the care. Communication among members of the health care team regarding the patient's status and plan of care also occurs by means of the medical record. The medical and legal importance of a comprehensive, accurate trauma resuscitation record cannot be overemphasized. The success of this type of documentation will depend on the design of the record and the understanding of the personnel involved. In addition, nursing managers responsible for the fiscal accountability of their departments understand the value of accurate documentation. The trauma resuscitation record can be used to demonstrate to insurance companies the reason for charging trauma patients additional fees. Inadequate documentation can cause charges to be disallowed by the third-party payors. Perhaps one of the most important functions of the medical record is to assist in protecting the legal interest of the patient and the health care provider. Minimum documentation for care provided in the emergency department must include patient identification, how the patient arrived, care that was rendered before arrival, pertinent history, chronologic notation of results of physical examination including vital signs, and the results of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and tests. The physician's orders and diagnostic impression should be recorded. It is important that the patient's response to the interventions, not just the intervention itself, be described. The patient's disposition and condition on discharge from the emergency department must be documented. For the trauma patient, mechanisms of injury, GCS, trauma score (or essential components), spinal immobilization, and the status of airway, breathing, and circulatory systems also must be recorded. The importance of accurate and comprehensive documentation on every medical

    14. Planning, Conducting, and Documenting Data Analysis for Program Improvement

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Winer, Abby; Taylor, Cornelia; Derrington, Taletha; Lucas, Anne

      2015-01-01

      This 2015 document was developed to help technical assistance (TA) providers and state staff define and limit the scope of data analysis for program improvement efforts, including the State Systemic Improvement Plan (SSIP); develop a plan for data analysis; document alternative hypotheses and additional analyses as they are generated; and…

    15. 40 CFR 80.158 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Product transfer documents (PTDs). 80... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.158 Product transfer documents... date of the transfer. (3) The volume of product transferred. (4)(i) The identity of the product...

    16. 40 CFR 80.171 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Product transfer documents (PTDs). 80... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.171 Product transfer documents... date of the transfer. (3) The volume of product transferred. (4)(i) The identity of the product...

    17. 40 CFR 80.171 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Product transfer documents (PTDs). 80... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.171 Product transfer documents... date of the transfer. (3) The volume of product transferred. (4)(i) The identity of the product...

    18. 40 CFR 80.106 - Product transfer documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Product transfer documents. 80.106... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Anti-Dumping § 80.106 Product transfer documents. (a)(1... the transfer; and (vi) The following statement: “This product does not meet the requirements...

    19. 40 CFR 80.158 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Product transfer documents (PTDs). 80... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.158 Product transfer documents... date of the transfer. (3) The volume of product transferred. (4)(i) The identity of the product...

    20. Expert Systems and Document Handling.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Edmonds, Ernest

      1987-01-01

      Describes significant attributes of expert systems, contrasts them to conventional computer systems, and provides an overview of the R1 expert system used by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) to put together operational systems that meet customers' requirements. Document handling, particularly pictures and images in documents, is also briefly…

    1. In Brief: Locating EPA documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Showstack, Randy; Tretkoff, Ernie

      2010-12-01

      Reg Stat, a new Web site produced by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), provides information about EPA documents published in the Federal Register from 2005 to 2009. EPA publishes between 1700 and 1900 documents in the Federal Register each year. For more information, visit Reg Stat at http://www.epa.gov/regstat.

    2. Documents Related to the Quincentenary.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hale, Charles R., Comp.

      1993-01-01

      Presents three documents related to the Columbus Quincentenary and indigenous populations. Includes the Declaration of Quito (Ecuador) of July 21, 1990; the final text of the Declaration of Xelaju (Guatemala); and the document "After the 500 Years: Indigenous and Peoples' Unity Proposals for Political Action." (CFR)

    3. SRS ecology: Environmental information document

      SciTech Connect

      Wike, L.D.; Shipley, R.W.; Bowers, J.A.

      1993-09-01

      The purpose of this Document is to provide a source of ecological information based on the exiting knowledge gained from research conducted at the Savannah River Site. This document provides a summary and synthesis of ecological research in the three main ecosystem types found at SRS and information on the threatened and endangered species residing there.

    4. Document Delivery over the Internet.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Jackson, Mary E.

      1993-01-01

      Discusses three innovative Internet-based electronic document delivery systems: Ariel, developed by the Research Libraries Group; Digitized Document Transmission Project, developed by North Carolina State University; and Network Fax Project, developed by Ohio State University. System are compared in terms of equipment, operation, advantages and…

    5. Document Retrieval: A Structural Approach.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lu, Xin

      1990-01-01

      Describes the development of a structural model of document retrieval based on lexical-semantic relationships between index terms. An algorithm that uses tree-to-tree distance to measure structural closeness between a document and a query statement is explained, and the proposed model is compared to a vector retrieval model. (18 references) (LRW)

    6. Guideline for Software Documentation Management.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.

      Designed as a basic reference for federal personnel concerned with the development, maintenance, enhancement, control, and management of computer-based systems, this manual provides a general overview of the software development process and software documentation issues so that managers can assess their own documentation requirements. Reference is…

    7. Scientific and Technical Document Database

      National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

      NIST Scientific and Technical Document Database (PC database for purchase)   The images in NIST Special Database 20 contain a very rich set of graphic elements from scientific and technical documents, such as graphs, tables, equations, two column text, maps, pictures, footnotes, annotations, and arrays of such elements.

    8. Teaching with Documents: A Bibliography.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lynn, Karen

      This bibliography of government documents for use in classroom instruction is meant to aid teachers and students, from upper elementary through secondary levels, in identifying resources from two primary providers: National Archives and Records Administration and the publishing company SIRS, Inc. The bibliographic entries point to documents that…

    9. Engineering Documentation and Data Control

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Matteson, Michael J.; Bramley, Craig; Ciaruffoli, Veronica

      2001-01-01

      Mississippi Space Services (MSS) the facility services contractor for NASA's John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC), is utilizing technology to improve engineering documentation and data control. Two identified improvement areas, labor intensive documentation research and outdated drafting standards, were targeted as top priority. MSS selected AutoManager(R) WorkFlow from Cyco software to manage engineering documentation. The software is currently installed on over 150 desctops. The outdated SSC drafting standard was written for pre-CADD drafting methods, in other words, board drafting. Implementation of COTS software solutions to manage engineering documentation and update the drafting standard resulted in significant increases in productivity by reducing the time spent searching for documents.

    10. [Food additives and healthiness].

      PubMed

      Heinonen, Marina

      2014-01-01

      Additives are used for improving food structure or preventing its spoilage, for example. Many substances used as additives are also naturally present in food. The safety of additives is evaluated according to commonly agreed principles. If high concentrations of an additive cause adverse health effects for humans, a limit of acceptable daily intake (ADI) is set for it. An additive is a risk only when ADI is exceeded. The healthiness of food is measured on the basis of nutrient density and scientifically proven effects. PMID:24772784

    11. Polyimide processing additives

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Pratt, J. R.; St. Clair, T. L.; Burks, H. D.; Stoakley, D. M.

      1987-01-01

      A method has been found for enhancing the melt flow of thermoplastic polyimides during processing. A high molecular weight 422 copoly(amic acid) or copolyimide was fused with approximately 0.05 to 5 pct by weight of a low molecular weight amic acid or imide additive, and this melt was studied by capillary rheometry. Excellent flow and improved composite properties on graphite resulted from the addition of a PMDA-aniline additive to LARC-TPI. Solution viscosity studies imply that amic acid additives temporarily lower molecular weight and, hence, enlarge the processing window. Thus, compositions containing the additive have a lower melt viscosity for a longer time than those unmodified.

    12. Breaking the Silos: The art Documentation Suite

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Kutschke, Robert K.

      2015-12-01

      The art event-processing framework is used by almost all new experiments at Fermilab, and by several outside of Fermilab. All use art as an external product in the same sense that the compiler, ROOT, Geant4, CLHEP and boost are external products. The art team has embarked on a campaign to document art and develop training materials for new users. Many new users of art have little or no knowledge of C++, software engineering, build systems or the many external packages used by art or their experiments, such as ROOT, CLHEP, HEPPDT, and boost. To effectively teach art requires that the training materials include appropriate introductions to these topics as they are encountered. Experience has shown that simply referring readers to the existing native documentation does not work; too often a simple idea that they need to understand is described in a context that presumes prerequisites that are unimportant for a beginning user of art. There is the additional complication that the training materials must be presented in a way that does not presume knowledge of any of the experiments using art. Finally, new users of art arrive at random times throughout the year and the training materials must allow them to start to learn art at any time. This presentation will explain the strategies adopted by the art team to develop a documentation suite that complies with these boundary conditions. It will also show the present status of the documentation suite, including feedback the art team has received from pilot users.

    13. Government documents and the online catalog.

      PubMed

      Lynch, F H; Lasater, M C

      1990-01-01

      Prior to planning for implementing the NOTIS system, the Vanderbilt Medical Center Library had not fully cataloged its government publications, and records for these materials were not in machine-readable format. A decision was made that patrons should need to look in only one place for all library materials, including the Health and Human Services Department publications received each year from the central library's Government Documents Unit. Beginning in 1985, these publications were added to the library's database, and the entire 7,200-piece collection is now in the online catalog. Working with these publications has taught the library much about the advantages and disadvantages of cataloging government documents in an online environment. It was found that OCLC cataloging copy is eventually available for most titles, although only about 10% of the records have MeSH headings. Staff time is the major expenditure; problems are caused by documents' irregular nature, frequent format changes, and difficult authority work. Since their addition to the online catalog, documents are used more and the library has better control. PMID:2295010

    14. Breaking the silos: The art documentation suite

      SciTech Connect

      Kutschke, Robert K.

      2015-12-23

      The art event-processing framework is used by almost all new experiments at Fermilab, and by several outside of Fermilab. All use art as an external product in the same sense that the compiler, ROOT, Geant4, CLHEP and boost are external products. The art team has embarked on a campaign to document art and develop training materials for new users. Many new users of art have little or no knowledge of C++, software engineering, build systems or the many external packages used by art or their experiments, such as ROOT, CLHEP, HEPPDT, and boost. To effectively teach art requires that the training materials include appropriate introductions to these topics as they are encountered. Experience has shown that simply referring readers to the existing native documentation does not work, too often a simple idea that they need to understand is described in a context that presumes prerequisites that are unimportant for a beginning user of art. There is the additional complication that the training materials must be presented in a way that does not presume knowledge of any of the experiments using art. Finally, new users of art arrive at random times throughout the year and the training materials must allow them to start to learn art at any time. This presentation will explain the strategies adopted by the art team to develop a documentation suite that complies with these boundary conditions. It will also show the present status of the documentation suite, including feedback the art team has received from pilot users.

    15. Functional Extensions To High Performance Document Scanners

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Green, W. B.; Chansky, L. M.; Land, R. A.; Van den Heuvel, R. C.; Kraemer, E. J.; Steele, L. W.; Sherrill, C. J.

      1989-07-01

      Document processing systems based on electronic imaging technology are evolving rapidly, motivated by technology advances in optical storage, image scanners, image compression, high speed digital communications, and high resolution displays. These evolving systems require high speed reliable image scanning systems to create the digital image data base that is at the heart of the applications addressed by these evolving systems. High speed production document scanners must provide the capability of converting a wide variety of input material into high quality digital imagery. The required capabilities include: (i) the ability to scan varying sizes and weights of paper, (ii) image enhancement techniques adequate to produce quality imagery from a document material that may depart significantly from standard high contrast black and white office correspondence, (iii) standard compression options, and (iv) a standard interface to a host or control processor providing full control of all scanner operations and all image processing options. As electronic document processing systems proliferate, additional capabilities will be required to support automated or semi-automated document indexing and selective capture of document content. Capabilities now present on microfilming systems will be required as options or features on document capture systems. These capabilities will include: endorsers, bar code readers, and optical character recognition (OCR) capability. Bar code and OCR capabilities will be required to support automated indexing of scanned material, and OCR capability within specific areas of scanned document material will be required to support indexing and specific application needs. These features will also be supported and controlled through a standard host interface. This paper describes the architecture of the TDC DocuScan Digital Image Scanner. The scanner is a double-sided scanner that produces compressed imagery of both sides of a scanned page in under two

    16. Standard classification of software documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Tausworthe, R. C.

      1976-01-01

      General conceptual requirements for standard levels of documentation and for application of these requirements to intended usages. These standards encourage the policy to produce only those forms of documentation that are needed and adequate for the purpose. Documentation standards are defined with respect to detail and format quality. Classes A through D range, in order, from the most definitive down to the least definitive, and categories 1 through 4 range, in order, from high-quality typeset down to handwritten material. Criteria for each of the classes and categories, as well as suggested selection guidelines for each are given.

    17. Grants Document-Generation System

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hairell, Terri; Kreymer, Lev; Martin, Greg; Sheridan, Patrick

      2008-01-01

      The Grants Document-Generation System (GDGS) software allows the generation of official grants documents for distribution to the appropriate parties. The documents are created after the selection and entry of specific data elements and clauses. GDGS is written in Cold Fusion that resides on an SQL2000 database and is housed on-site at Goddard Space Flight Center. It includes access security written around GSFC's (Goddard Space Flight Center's) LIST system, and allows for the entry of Procurement Request information necessary for the generation of the resulting Grant Award.

    18. Extending the HL7/LOINC Document Ontology Settings of Care

      PubMed Central

      Rajamani, Sripriya; Chen, Elizabeth S.; Wang, Yan; Melton, Genevieve B.

      2014-01-01

      Given federal mandates recommending document standards, increasing numbers of electronic clinical documents being created, and local initiatives/projects using clinical documents, there is a growing need to better represent clinical document metadata. The HL7/LOINC Document Ontology (DO) was developed to provide a standard representation of clinical document attributes with a multi-axis structure. Prior studies have demonstrated the need for extension of DO axes values and proposed new values for some axes, but significant gaps remain for representing the DO “Setting” axis. This study aimed to extend the “Setting” axis by combining the current values in the DO with values from 5 other sources. Evaluation and refinement by subject matter experts over a series of four iterative sessions resulted in a reorganized hierarchy with 254 additional values from a baseline of 20. Incorporating a comprehensive set of “Settings” in DO provides better representation of clinical information across the healthcare ecosystem. PMID:25954408

    19. Geometric rectification of camera-captured document images.

      PubMed

      Liang, Jian; DeMenthon, Daniel; Doermann, David

      2008-04-01

      Compared to typical scanners, handheld cameras offer convenient, flexible, portable, and non-contact image capture, which enables many new applications and breathes new life into existing ones. However, camera-captured documents may suffer from distortions caused by non-planar document shape and perspective projection, which lead to failure of current OCR technologies. We present a geometric rectification framework for restoring the frontal-flat view of a document from a single camera-captured image. Our approach estimates 3D document shape from texture flow information obtained directly from the image without requiring additional 3D/metric data or prior camera calibration. Our framework provides a unified solution for both planar and curved documents and can be applied in many, especially mobile, camera-based document analysis applications. Experiments show that our method produces results that are significantly more OCR compatible than the original images. PMID:18276966

    20. Extending the HL7/LOINC Document Ontology Settings of Care.

      PubMed

      Rajamani, Sripriya; Chen, Elizabeth S; Wang, Yan; Melton, Genevieve B

      2014-01-01

      Given federal mandates recommending document standards, increasing numbers of electronic clinical documents being created, and local initiatives/projects using clinical documents, there is a growing need to better represent clinical document metadata. The HL7/LOINC Document Ontology (DO) was developed to provide a standard representation of clinical document attributes with a multi-axis structure. Prior studies have demonstrated the need for extension of DO axes values and proposed new values for some axes, but significant gaps remain for representing the DO "Setting" axis. This study aimed to extend the "Setting" axis by combining the current values in the DO with values from 5 other sources. Evaluation and refinement by subject matter experts over a series of four iterative sessions resulted in a reorganized hierarchy with 254 additional values from a baseline of 20. Incorporating a comprehensive set of "Settings" in DO provides better representation of clinical information across the healthcare ecosystem. PMID:25954408

    1. 77 FR 41899 - Indirect Food Additives: Polymers

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-07-17

      ... the Federal Register of February 17, 2012 (77 FR 9608), FDA announced that a food additive petition..., discussed further in this document. A. The Safety of BPA As indicated in the filing notice (77 FR 9608 at..., FDA is actively assessing the safety of BPA (see 75 FR 17145, April 5, 2010; see also...

    2. Complex document information processing: prototype, test collection, and evaluation

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Agam, G.; Argamon, S.; Frieder, O.; Grossman, D.; Lewis, D.

      2006-01-01

      Analysis of large collections of complex documents is an increasingly important need for numerous applications. Complex documents are documents that typically start out on paper and are then electronically scanned. These documents have rich internal structure and might only be available in image form. Additionally, they may have been produced by a combination of printing technologies (or by handwriting); and include diagrams, graphics, tables and other non-textual elements. The state of the art today for a large document collection is essentially text search of OCR'd documents with no meaningful use of data found in images, signatures, logos, etc. Our prototype automatically generates rich metadata about a complex document and then applies query tools to integrate the metadata with text search. To ensure a thorough evaluation of the effectiveness of our prototype, we are also developing a roughly 42,000,000 page complex document test collection. The collection will include relevance judgments for queries at a variety of levels of detail and depending on a variety of content and structural characteristics of documents, as well as "known item" queries looking for particular documents.

    3. Renewable Fuels Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the Annual Energy Outlook forecasts.

    4. Verifiable and Redactable Medical Documents

      PubMed Central

      Brown, Jordan; Blough, Douglas M.

      2012-01-01

      This paper considers how to verify provenance and integrity of data in medical documents that are exchanged in a distributed system of health IT services. Provenance refers to the sources of health information within the document and integrity means that the information was not modified after generation by the source. Our approach allows intermediate parties to redact the document by removing information that they do not wish to reveal. For example, patients can store verifiable health information and provide subsets of it to third parties, while redacting sensitive information that they do not wish employers, insurers, or others to receive. Our method uses a cryptographic primitive known as a redactable signature. We study practical issues and performance impacts of building, redacting, and verifying Continuity of Care Documents (CCDs) that are protected with redactable signatures. Results show that manipulating redactable CCDs provides superior security and privacy with little computational overhead. PMID:23304391

    5. Search engine for handwritten documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Srihari, Sargur N.; Huang, Chen; Srinivasan, Harish

      2005-01-01

      Search aspects of a system for analyzing handwritten documents are described. Documents are indexed using global image features, e.g., stroke width, slant as well as local features that describe the shapes of words and characters. Image indexing is done automatically using page analysis, page segmentation, line separation, word segmentation and recognition of words and characters. Two types of search are permitted: search based on global features of entire document and search using features at local level. For the second type of search, i.e., local, all the words in the document are characterized and indexed by various features and it forms the basis of different search techniques. The paper focuses on local search and describes four tasks: word/phrase spotting, text to image, image to text and plain text. Performance in terms of precision/recall and word ranking is reported on a database of handwriting samples from about 1,000 individuals.

    6. Search engine for handwritten documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Srihari, Sargur N.; Huang, Chen; Srinivasan, Harish

      2004-12-01

      Search aspects of a system for analyzing handwritten documents are described. Documents are indexed using global image features, e.g., stroke width, slant as well as local features that describe the shapes of words and characters. Image indexing is done automatically using page analysis, page segmentation, line separation, word segmentation and recognition of words and characters. Two types of search are permitted: search based on global features of entire document and search using features at local level. For the second type of search, i.e., local, all the words in the document are characterized and indexed by various features and it forms the basis of different search techniques. The paper focuses on local search and describes four tasks: word/phrase spotting, text to image, image to text and plain text. Performance in terms of precision/recall and word ranking is reported on a database of handwriting samples from about 1,000 individuals.

    7. The Solution: Documentation and Accountability.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      McDevitt, R.

      1980-01-01

      By keeping records, facts can be presented to the public accurately. Examples are given regarding custodian training, stressing the importance of job descriptions, work schedules, and documented training procedures. (Author/MLF)

    8. Vietnamese Document Representation and Classification

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Nguyen, Giang-Son; Gao, Xiaoying; Andreae, Peter

      Vietnamese is very different from English and little research has been done on Vietnamese document classification, or indeed, on any kind of Vietnamese language processing, and only a few small corpora are available for research. We created a large Vietnamese text corpus with about 18000 documents, and manually classified them based on different criteria such as topics and styles, giving several classification tasks of different difficulty levels. This paper introduces a new syllable-based document representation at the morphological level of the language for efficient classification. We tested the representation on our corpus with different classification tasks using six classification algorithms and two feature selection techniques. Our experiments show that the new representation is effective for Vietnamese categorization, and suggest that best performance can be achieved using syllable-pair document representation, an SVM with a polynomial kernel as the learning algorithm, and using Information gain and an external dictionary for feature selection.

    9. Industrial Demand Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

    10. Planning a Multimedia Documentation Project.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Rockley, Ann

      1994-01-01

      Outlines the process of planning and developing a multimedia documentation project. Discusses audience, task, and information analysis; selection of the most appropriate media; effective design; establishment of the development team; hardware and software requirements; costs; and project planning. (SR)

    11. Quarantine document system indexing procedure

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1972-01-01

      The Quarantine Document System (QDS) is described including the indexing procedures and thesaurus of indexing terms. The QDS consists of these functional elements: acquisition, cataloging, indexing, storage, and retrieval. A complete listing of the collection, and the thesaurus are included.

    12. Reactor operation environmental information document

      SciTech Connect

      Bauer, L.R.; Hayes, D.W.; Hunter, C.H.; Marter, W.L.; Moyer, R.A.

      1989-12-01

      This volume is a reactor operation environmental information document for the Savannah River Plant. Topics include meteorology, surface hydrology, transport, environmental impacts, and radiation effects. 48 figs., 56 tabs. (KD)

    13. EA Shuttle Document Retention Effort

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Wagner, Howard A.

      2010-01-01

      This slide presentation reviews the effort of code EA at Johnson Space Center (JSC) to identify and acquire databases and documents from the space shuttle program that are adjudged important for retention after the retirement of the space shuttle.

    14. Transportation Sector Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      Documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model.

    15. Document restoration by computer techniques

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Mogavero, L.; Spuck, W.; Levitt, I. M.

      1977-01-01

      Technique utilizes automated electronic data-processing machine to successfully recover illegible information from faded or age distorted documents. Once recovered, information can be displayed on cathode-ray-tube screen or reproduced in any desired size.

    16. Additive usage levels.

      PubMed

      Langlais, R

      1996-01-01

      With the adoption of the European Parliament and Council Directives on sweeteners, colours and miscellaneous additives the Commission is now embarking on the project of coordinating the activities of the European Union Member States in the collection of the data that are to make up the report on food additive intake requested by the European Parliament. This presentation looks at the inventory of available sources on additive use levels and concludes that for the time being national legislation is still the best source of information considering that the directives have yet to be transposed into national legislation. Furthermore, this presentation covers the correlation of the food categories as found in the additives directives with those used by national consumption surveys and finds that in a number of instances this correlation still leaves a lot to be desired. The intake of additives via food ingestion and the intake of substances which are chemically identical to additives but which occur naturally in fruits and vegetables is found in a number of cases to be higher than the intake of additives added during the manufacture of foodstuffs. While the difficulties are recognized in contributing to the compilation of food additive intake data, industry as a whole, i.e. the food manufacturing and food additive manufacturing industries, are confident that in a concerted effort, use data on food additives by industry can be made available. Lastly, the paper points out that with the transportation of the additives directives into national legislation and the time by which the food industry will be able to make use of the new food legislative environment several years will still go by; food additives use data by the food industry will thus have to be reviewed at the beginning of the next century. PMID:8792135

    17. Human Research Program Requirements Document

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Rieger, Gabe

      2007-01-01

      The purpose of this document is to define, document, and allocate the Human Research Program (HRP) requirements to the HRP Program elements. It establishes the flow-down of requirements from Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) and Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer (OCHMO) to the various Program Elements of the HRP to ensure that human research and technology countermeasure investments are made to insure the delivery of countermeasures and technologies that satisfy ESMD s and OCHMO's exploration mission requirements.

    18. Text documents as social networks

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Balinsky, Helen; Balinsky, Alexander; Simske, Steven J.

      2012-03-01

      The extraction of keywords and features is a fundamental problem in text data mining. Document processing applications directly depend on the quality and speed of the identification of salient terms and phrases. Applications as disparate as automatic document classification, information visualization, filtering and security policy enforcement all rely on the quality of automatically extracted keywords. Recently, a novel approach to rapid change detection in data streams and documents has been developed. It is based on ideas from image processing and in particular on the Helmholtz Principle from the Gestalt Theory of human perception. By modeling a document as a one-parameter family of graphs with its sentences or paragraphs defining the vertex set and with edges defined by Helmholtz's principle, we demonstrated that for some range of the parameters, the resulting graph becomes a small-world network. In this article we investigate the natural orientation of edges in such small world networks. For two connected sentences, we can say which one is the first and which one is the second, according to their position in a document. This will make such a graph look like a small WWW-type network and PageRank type algorithms will produce interesting ranking of nodes in such a document.

    19. Carbamate deposit control additives

      SciTech Connect

      Honnen, L.R.; Lewis, R.A.

      1980-11-25

      Deposit control additives for internal combustion engines are provided which maintain cleanliness of intake systems without contributing to combustion chamber deposits. The additives are poly(oxyalkylene) carbamates comprising a hydrocarbyloxyterminated poly(Oxyalkylene) chain of 2-5 carbon oxyalkylene units bonded through an oxycarbonyl group to a nitrogen atom of ethylenediamine.

    20. Overview of recent studies related to lead-alloy-cooled fast reactors

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Takahashi, Minoru; Sa, Rongyuan; Pramutadi, Asril; Yamaki-Irisawa, Eriko

      2012-06-01

      The recent progress of the studies related to lead alloy-cooled reactors (LFR) and the accelerator driven system (ADS) is summarized. The compatibility of materials with lead alloys has been clarified under steady and transient temperature conditions. Higher Cr content, Si and Al addition and Al-Fe alloy-coating improved the corrosion resistance of steels. The Al-Fe alloy-coated steel was not corroded even under high temperature transient conditions. The ceramics of SiC and Si3N4 are expected to be used as cladding material for high temperature LFR. For the analytical consideration of mass transport in lead alloy circuit, the diffusion coefficient of Ni was measured using the capillary methods. A new bubble visualization method in LBE using gamma-ray radiography was developed. The thermal interaction of lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) and lead droplets with sub-cooled water, and the behaviors of droplet fragmentation were investigated, and the visualization of volatile liquids in high temperature liquids was achieved.

    1. Polyimide processing additives

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Fletcher, James C. (Inventor); Pratt, J. Richard (Inventor); St.clair, Terry L. (Inventor); Stoakley, Diane M. (Inventor); Burks, Harold D. (Inventor)

      1992-01-01

      A process for preparing polyimides having enhanced melt flow properties is described. The process consists of heating a mixture of a high molecular weight poly-(amic acid) or polyimide with a low molecular weight amic acid or imide additive in the range of 0.05 to 15 percent by weight of additive. The polyimide powders so obtained show improved processability, as evidenced by lower melt viscosity by capillary rheometry. Likewise, films prepared from mixtures of polymers with additives show improved processability with earlier onset of stretching by TMA.

    2. Polyimide processing additives

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Pratt, J. Richard (Inventor); St.clair, Terry L. (Inventor); Stoakley, Diane M. (Inventor); Burks, Harold D. (Inventor)

      1993-01-01

      A process for preparing polyimides having enhanced melt flow properties is described. The process consists of heating a mixture of a high molecular weight poly-(amic acid) or polyimide with a low molecular weight amic acid or imide additive in the range of 0.05 to 15 percent by weight of the additive. The polyimide powders so obtained show improved processability, as evidenced by lower melt viscosity by capillary rheometry. Likewise, films prepared from mixtures of polymers with additives show improved processability with earlier onset of stretching by TMA.

    3. MEANS User Documentation. Appendix A

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Melconian, Terran

      2004-01-01

      MEANS is an acronym for the MIT Extensible Air Network Simulation. MIT is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where MEANS was developed. MEANS models the flow of aircraft in a simulation of the US National Airspace System. It can optionally follow the flow of passengers as well. The flight model takes the form of several queues through which the aircraft pass, as well as delays at certain times; the passengers can be transported via flights. MEANS is an event-based model. This means that events are scheduled at some point in the future, and once an event has executed, the simulation t h e advances to that of the next event. This is a different approach than some simulations (particularly those of physical systems), where time is advanced in fixed increments and the state of the system is updated at each step.This documentation is a "user guide" for MEANS - it describes how to USE means, not write new modules. For programming instructions, see the programming documentation, available as a separate document.This document assumse no programming knowledge. It will describe how to run MEANS, understand the data formats, and use such utility programs as already exist. For more detailed information on the internal workings of MEANS, and how to programmatically add to it, refer to the programming documentation.

    4. Smog control fuel additives

      SciTech Connect

      Lundby, W.

      1993-06-29

      A method is described of controlling, reducing or eliminating, ozone and related smog resulting from photochemical reactions between ozone and automotive or industrial gases comprising the addition of iodine or compounds of iodine to hydrocarbon-base fuels prior to or during combustion in an amount of about 1 part iodine per 240 to 10,000,000 parts fuel, by weight, to be accomplished by: (a) the addition of these inhibitors during or after the refining or manufacturing process of liquid fuels; (b) the production of these inhibitors for addition into fuel tanks, such as automotive or industrial tanks; or (c) the addition of these inhibitors into combustion chambers of equipment utilizing solid fuels for the purpose of reducing ozone.

    5. Food Additives and Hyperkinesis

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Wender, Ester H.

      1977-01-01

      The hypothesis that food additives are causally associated with hyperkinesis and learning disabilities in children is reviewed, and available data are summarized. Available from: American Medical Association 535 North Dearborn Street Chicago, Illinois 60610. (JG)

    6. Additional Types of Neuropathy

      MedlinePlus

      ... A A Listen En Español Additional Types of Neuropathy Charcot's Joint Charcot's Joint, also called neuropathic arthropathy, ... can stop bone destruction and aid healing. Cranial Neuropathy Cranial neuropathy affects the 12 pairs of nerves ...

    7. Cross-reference identification within a PDF document

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Li, Sida; Gao, Liangcai; Tang, Zhi; Yu, Yinyan

      2015-01-01

      Cross-references, such like footnotes, endnotes, figure/table captions, references, are a common and useful type of page elements to further explain their corresponding entities in the target document. In this paper, we focus on cross-reference identification in a PDF document, and present a robust method as a case study of identifying footnotes and figure references. The proposed method first extracts footnotes and figure captions, and then matches them with their corresponding references within a document. A number of novel features within a PDF document, i.e., page layout, font information, lexical and linguistic features of cross-references, are utilized for the task. Clustering is adopted to handle the features that are stable in one document but varied in different kinds of documents so that the process of identification is adaptive with document types. In addition, this method leverages results from the matching process to provide feedback to the identification process and further improve the algorithm accuracy. The primary experiments in real document sets show that the proposed method is promising to identify cross-reference in a PDF document.

    8. Recommended documentation for computer users at ANL. Revision 3

      SciTech Connect

      Heiberger, A.A.

      1992-04-01

      Recommended Documentation for Computer Users at ANL is for all users of the services available from the Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD). This document will guide you in selecting available documentation that will best fill your particular needs. Chapter 1 explains how to use this document to select documents and how to obtain them from the CTD Document Distribution Counter. Chapter 2 contains a table that categorizes available publications. Chapter 3 gives descriptions of the online DOCUMENT command for CMS, and VAX, and the Sun workstation. DOCUMENT allows you to scan for and order documentation that interests you. Chapter 4 lists publications by subject. Categories I and IX cover publications of a general nature and publications on telecommunications and networks respectively. Categories II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, and X cover publications on specific computer systems. Category XI covers publications on advanced scientific computing at Argonne. Chapter 5 contains abstracts for each publication, all arranged alphabetically. Chapter 6 describes additional publications containing bibliographies and master indexes that the user may find useful. The appendix identifies available computer systems, applications, languages, and libraries.

    9. Unesco Integrated Documentation Network; Computerized Documentation System (CDS).

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Dept. of Documentation, Libraries, and Archives.

      Intended for use by the Computerized Documentation System (CDS), the Unesco version of ISIS (Integrated Set of Information Systems)--originally developed by the International Labour Organization--was developed in 1975 and named CDS/ISIS. This system has a comprehensive collection of programs for input, management, and output, running in batch or…

    10. AIR QUALITY CRITERIA DOCUMENT(S) FOR LEAD

      EPA Science Inventory

      This collection of documents intend to assess the latest scientific information on the health and environmental fate and effects of lead to provide scientific bases for periodic review and possible revision of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for lead.

    11. Propane Market Model documentation report

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1993-12-01

      The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the Propane Market Model (PMM), describe its basic approach, and to provide details on model functions. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the general public. Documentation of the model is in accordance with EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The PMM performs a short-term (6- to 9-months) forecast of demand and price for consumer-grad propane in the national US market; it also calculates the end-of-month stock level during the term of the forecast. Another part of the model allows for short-term demand forecasts for certain individual Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) districts. The model is used to analyze market behavior assumptions or shocks and to determine the effect on market price, demand, and stock level.

    12. Reactor operation environmental information document

      SciTech Connect

      Haselow, J.S.; Price, V.; Stephenson, D.E.; Bledsoe, H.W.; Looney, B.B.

      1989-12-01

      The Savannah River Site (SRS) produces nuclear materials, primarily plutonium and tritium, to meet the requirements of the Department of Defense. These products have been formed in nuclear reactors that were built during 1950--1955 at the SRS. K, L, and P reactors are three of five reactors that have been used in the past to produce the nuclear materials. All three of these reactors discontinued operation in 1988. Currently, intense efforts are being extended to prepare these three reactors for restart in a manner that protects human health and the environment. To document that restarting the reactors will have minimal impacts to human health and the environment, a three-volume Reactor Operations Environmental Impact Document has been prepared. The document focuses on the impacts of restarting the K, L, and P reactors on both the SRS and surrounding areas. This volume discusses the geology, seismology, and subsurface hydrology. 195 refs., 101 figs., 16 tabs.

    13. 40 CFR 80.158 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-07-01

      ... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.158 Product transfer documents..., carrier, retailer, wholesale purchaser-consumer, oxygenate blender, detergent manufacturer, distributor, carrier, or blender, transfers custody or title to any gasoline, detergent, or detergent-additized...

    14. 40 CFR 80.171 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-07-01

      ... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.171 Product transfer documents..., carrier, retailer, wholesale purchaser-consumer, oxygenate blender, detergent manufacturer, distributor, carrier, or blender, transfers custody or title to any gasoline, detergent, or detergent-additized...

    15. 40 CFR 80.171 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-07-01

      ... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.171 Product transfer documents..., carrier, retailer, wholesale purchaser-consumer, oxygenate blender, detergent manufacturer, distributor, carrier, or blender, transfers custody or title to any gasoline, detergent, or detergent-additized...

    16. 40 CFR 80.158 - Product transfer documents (PTDs).

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-07-01

      ... (CONTINUED) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Detergent Gasoline § 80.158 Product transfer documents..., carrier, retailer, wholesale purchaser-consumer, oxygenate blender, detergent manufacturer, distributor, carrier, or blender, transfers custody or title to any gasoline, detergent, or detergent-additized...

    17. Document segmentation via oblique cuts

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Svendsen, Jeremy; Branzan-Albu, Alexandra

      2013-01-01

      This paper presents a novel solution for the layout segmentation of graphical elements in Business Intelligence documents. We propose a generalization of the recursive X-Y cut algorithm, which allows for cutting along arbitrary oblique directions. An intermediate processing step consisting of line and solid region removal is also necessary due to presence of decorative elements. The output of the proposed segmentation is a hierarchical structure which allows for the identification of primitives in pie and bar charts. The algorithm was tested on a database composed of charts from business documents. Results are very promising.

    18. NASA visual thesaurus maintenance documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1989-01-01

      The following document is presented in six sections: (1) introduction; (2) a diagram showing how the various routines are grouped together into functional modules; (3) a printout of all the layouts in the system along with their associated layout procedures; (4) listings of all the global procedures in the system; (5) a cross-reference of all identifiers used in the system; and (6) descriptions of the external procedures used in the system. The document was prepared at the Project ICON Image Scaling Laboratory.

    19. Effective Decompression of JPEG Document Images.

      PubMed

      Pham, The-Anh; Delalandre, Mathieu

      2016-08-01

      This paper concentrates on developing an effective approach for decompressing JPEG document images. Our main goal is targeted to time-critical applications, especially to those situated on mobile network infrastructures. To this aim, the proposed approach is designed to work either in the transform domain or image spatial plane. Specifically, the image blocks are first classified into smooth blocks (e.g., background and uniform regions) and non-smooth blocks (e.g., text, graphics, and line-drawings). Next, the smooth blocks are fully decoded in the transform domain by minimizing the total block boundary variation, which is very efficient to compute. For decoding non-smooth blocks, a novel text model is presented that accounts for the specifics of document content. In addition, an efficient optimization algorithm is introduced to reconstruct the non-smooth blocks. The proposed approach has been validated by extensive experiments, demonstrating a significant improvement of visual quality, assuming that document images have been encoded at low bit rates and thus are subject to severe distortion. PMID:27295665

    20. Atmospheric release advisory capability: year 2000 documentation

      SciTech Connect

      Walker, H

      1999-06-01

      This checklist provides the minimum requirements to be met for the IV and V of Y2K compliance for each mission-critical system. However, please note that other important items specific to your Program, Field or Site Offices, or Laboratory may not be adequately addressed by this checklist. Consequently, it is the responsibility of each Local Y2K Project Coordinator to ensure that due diligence has been conducted, whereby every reasonable effort has been made to assure Y2K compliance, and these efforts have been documented. Additional requirements should be jointly reviewed and agreed to by the System Owner and the IV and V agent prior to its execution. The IV and V agent should undertake the activities necessary to address all items as thoroughly as possible. The System Owner should identify and be ready to provide access to any documents that will help in the IV and V process, such as requirement definition documents, test plans, test results, etc.

    1. Phenylethynyl Containing Reactive Additives

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Connell, John W. (Inventor); Smith, Joseph G., Jr. (Inventor); Hergenrother, Paul M. (Inventor)

      2002-01-01

      Phenylethynyl containing reactive additives were prepared from aromatic diamine, containing phenylethvnvl groups and various ratios of phthalic anhydride and 4-phenylethynviphthalic anhydride in glacial acetic acid to form the imide in one step or in N-methyl-2-pvrrolidinone to form the amide acid intermediate. The reactive additives were mixed in various amounts (10% to 90%) with oligomers containing either terminal or pendent phenylethynyl groups (or both) to reduce the melt viscosity and thereby enhance processability. Upon thermal cure, the additives react and become chemically incorporated into the matrix and effect an increase in crosslink density relative to that of the host resin. This resultant increase in crosslink density has advantageous consequences on the cured resin properties such as higher glass transition temperature and higher modulus as compared to that of the host resin.

    2. Guide to the CIAC-2300 series documents

      SciTech Connect

      Orvis, W.J.

      1993-12-13

      The Computer Incident Advisory Capability (CIAC) creates public information documents for the Dept. of Energy (DOE) related to computer security. These documents, known as the CIAC-2300 Series documents, are primarily concerned with information on security threats and methods for protecting systems from those threats. This document is a compilation of the abstracts of these documents.

    3. Document creation, linking, and maintenance system

      DOEpatents

      Claghorn, Ronald

      2011-02-15

      A document creation and citation system designed to maintain a database of reference documents. The content of a selected document may be automatically scanned and indexed by the system. The selected documents may also be manually indexed by a user prior to the upload. The indexed documents may be uploaded and stored within a database for later use. The system allows a user to generate new documents by selecting content within the reference documents stored within the database and inserting the selected content into a new document. The system allows the user to customize and augment the content of the new document. The system also generates citations to the selected content retrieved from the reference documents. The citations may be inserted into the new document in the appropriate location and format, as directed by the user. The new document may be uploaded into the database and included with the other reference documents. The system also maintains the database of reference documents so that when changes are made to a reference document, the author of a document referencing the changed document will be alerted to make appropriate changes to his document. The system also allows visual comparison of documents so that the user may see differences in the text of the documents.

    4. Additives in plastics.

      PubMed Central

      Deanin, R D

      1975-01-01

      The polymers used in plastics are generally harmless. However, they are rarely used in pure form. In almost all commercial plastics, they are "compounded" with monomeric ingredients to improve their processing and end-use performance. In order of total volume used, these monomeric additives may be classified as follows: reinforcing fibers, fillers, and coupling agents; plasticizers; colorants; stabilizers (halogen stabilizers, antioxidants, ultraviolet absorbers, and biological preservatives); processing aids (lubricants, others, and flow controls); flame retardants, peroxides; and antistats. Some information is already available, and much more is needed, on potential toxicity and safe handling of these additives during processing and manufacture of plastics products. PMID:1175566

    5. Government Documents at the Crossroads.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Peterson, Karrie; Cowell, Elizabeth; Jacobs, Jim

      2001-01-01

      Discusses problems and as-yet unresolved questions about public access to government documents raised by electronic publishing. One solution is libraries should adapt to include electronic files of government publications and include them in the growing digital collections. The way that librarians approach the struggle to maintain free and open…

    6. Macroeconomic Activity Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook for 2014 (AEO2014). The report catalogues and describes the module assumptions, computations, methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and mainframe source code

    7. Efficient Visualization of Document Streams

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Grčar, Miha; Podpečan, Vid; Juršič, Matjaž; Lavrač, Nada

      In machine learning and data mining, multidimensional scaling (MDS) and MDS-like methods are extensively used for dimensionality reduction and for gaining insights into overwhelming amounts of data through visualization. With the growth of the Web and activities of Web users, the amount of data not only grows exponentially but is also becoming available in the form of streams, where new data instances constantly flow into the system, requiring the algorithm to update the model in near-real time. This paper presents an algorithm for document stream visualization through a MDS-like distance-preserving projection onto a 2D canvas. The visualization algorithm is essentially a pipeline employing several methods from machine learning. Experimental verification shows that each stage of the pipeline is able to process a batch of documents in constant time. It is shown that in the experimental setting with a limited buffer capacity and a constant document batch size, it is possible to process roughly 2.5 documents per second which corresponds to approximately 25% of the entire blogosphere rate and should be sufficient for most real-life applications.

    8. Physical Science Curriculum Support Document

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Elliott, Carolyn C.; Brown, Tim; Harris, Jeff; Lovin, Pamela

      2004-01-01

      This document was developed in response to the expressed need of physical science teachers for materials designed to facilitate and enhance the teaching of the 1999 North Carolina Standard Course of Study for Physical Science. The materials provide a guide to translating the goals and objectives of the Physical Science curriculum into good…

    9. The Web for Documents Librarians.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Breeze, Jerry; Cramer, Jane; Hellman, David

      The World Wide Web is a powerful and versatile resource for documents librarians. It can serve as a source of information for patrons looking for government information, as a means of publicizing and distributing local information and services beyond the walls of the depository library, as a tool for more effective administration of a documents…

    10. Macroeconomic Activity Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2016-01-01

      Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook for 2016 (AEO2016). The report catalogues and describes the module assumptions, computations, methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and mainframe source code

    11. Save Our History: Our Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      O'Connell, Libby Haight; Gordon, Sarah; Suisman, David

      2003-01-01

      The Fall 2003 Idea Book features: "Save Our History Study Guide: Our Documents"; "History International Study Guide: Pyramids"; "The History Channel Study Guide: Lewis and Clark" (Ideas from Our Teachers Contest Rules; Ideas from Our Teachers Context Winners); "A&E Classroom Study Guide: Post Impressionists"; and "The Biography Channel Study…

    12. Storing and Viewing Electronic Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Falk, Howard

      1999-01-01

      Discusses the conversion of fragile library materials to computer storage and retrieval to extend the life of the items and to improve accessibility through the World Wide Web. Highlights include entering the images, including scanning; optical character recognition; full text and manual indexing; and available document- and image-management…

    13. Helping Students Analyze Business Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Devet, Bonnie

      2001-01-01

      Notes that student writers gain greater insight into the importance of audience by analyzing business documents. Discusses how business writing teachers can help students understand the rhetorical refinements of writing to an audience. Presents an assignment designed to lead writers systematically through an analysis of two advertisements. (SG)

    14. Protocols for Publishing PMRT Documents

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2004

      2004-01-01

      The purpose of these protocols is to assist in providing guidance to PMRT members and Sub-groups in relation to seeking approval for the publication of documents of the Performance Measurement and Reporting Taskforce (PMRT) or of its predecessor the National Education Performance Monitoring Taskforce (NEPMT). These protocols complement the…

    15. Compression of Probabilistic XML Documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Veldman, Irma; de Keijzer, Ander; van Keulen, Maurice

      Database techniques to store, query and manipulate data that contains uncertainty receives increasing research interest. Such UDBMSs can be classified according to their underlying data model: relational, XML, or RDF. We focus on uncertain XML DBMS with as representative example the Probabilistic XML model (PXML) of [10,9]. The size of a PXML document is obviously a factor in performance. There are PXML-specific techniques to reduce the size, such as a push down mechanism, that produces equivalent but more compact PXML documents. It can only be applied, however, where possibilities are dependent. For normal XML documents there also exist several techniques for compressing a document. Since Probabilistic XML is (a special form of) normal XML, it might benefit from these methods even more. In this paper, we show that existing compression mechanisms can be combined with PXML-specific compression techniques. We also show that best compression rates are obtained with a combination of PXML-specific technique with a rather simple generic DAG-compression technique.

    16. Querying and Ranking XML Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Schlieder, Torsten; Meuss, Holger

      2002-01-01

      Discussion of XML, information retrieval, precision, and recall focuses on a retrieval technique that adopts the similarity measure of the vector space model, incorporates the document structure, and supports structured queries. Topics include a query model based on tree matching; structured queries and term-based ranking; and term frequency and…

    17. Space Documentation Services: Operations Handbook.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Raitt, D. I.

      A description of the system used by Space Documentation Service (SDS) to disseminate combined and accumulated knowledge, as widely as possible, throughout Europe is given. The RECON network, with the full support of NASA, has gradually been extended so that centers in Member States, may, by installing their own terminals, have direct access to the…

    18. Technical Documentation and Legal Liability.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Caher, John M.

      1995-01-01

      States that litigation over the interpretation and sufficiency of technical documentation is increasingly common as a number of suits have been filed in state and federal courts. Describes the case of "Martin versus Hacker," a recent case in which New York's highest court analyzed a technical writer's prose in the context of a lawsuit over a…

    19. La Documentacion Automatica (Automated Documentation).

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Levery, Francis

      1971-01-01

      Documentation centers are needed to handle the vast amount of scientific and technical information currently being issued. Such centers should be concerned both with handling inquiries in a particular field and with producing a general catalog of current information. Automatic analysis of texts by computers will be the best way to handle material,…

    20. Melter Disposal Strategic Planning Document

      SciTech Connect

      BURBANK, D.A.

      2000-09-25

      This document describes the proposed strategy for disposal of spent and failed melters from the tank waste treatment plant to be built by the Office of River Protection at the Hanford site in Washington. It describes program management activities, disposal and transportation systems, leachate management, permitting, and safety authorization basis approvals needed to execute the strategy.

    1. THE STRESSOR IDENTIFICATION GUIDANCE DOCUMENT

      EPA Science Inventory

      THE STRESSOR IDENTIFICATION GUIDANCE DOCUMENT

      Susan M. Cormier, ORD/NRMRL, Susan B. Norton, ORD/NCEA, Glenn W. Suter, II ORD/NCEA, William Swietlik, OW lOST

      Science Question(s):

      MYP Science Question: How can multiple and possibly related causes of biological ...

    2. The Darfur Atrocities Documentation Project

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Totten, Samuel

      2004-01-01

      One of the many important aspects of the Darfur Atrocities Documentation Project was that it set a precedent for what the U.S. and/or other nations can, and should do, when future cases of potential genocide arise. Far too often in the recent past, the international community (the United Nations, individual governments, many nongovernmental…

    3. Researching in English: Document Study

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sawyer, Wayne

      2015-01-01

      In this article I argue for the defining importance of document study for researchers in curriculum. Two examples of previous analyses are provided, one demonstrating an approach to language analysis of the "Australian Curriculum: English" from the Literature strand, the other a study of the relationship of curricula to each other in…

    4. Coal Market Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      Documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System's (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM's two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS).

    5. FES Documentation - Cancer Imaging Program

      Cancer.gov

      The FES documentation files are presented in Adobe Acrobat or Word files, either in executable or ZIP format to be maximally compatible with the computer system being downloaded into. The files are large in any format and should be downloaded with a fast Internet link.

    6. Topology of Document Retrieval Systems.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Everett, Daniel M.; Cater, Steven C.

      1992-01-01

      Explains the use of a topological structure to examine the closeness between documents in retrieval systems and analyzes the topological structure of a vector-space model, a fuzzy-set model, an extended Boolean model, a probabilistic model, and a TIRS (Topological Information Retrieval System) model. Proofs for the results are appended. (17…

    7. Adaptive Clustering of Hypermedia Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Johnson, Andrew; Fotouhi, Farshad

      1996-01-01

      Discussion of hypermedia systems focuses on a comparison of two types of adaptive algorithm (genetic algorithm and neural network) in clustering hypermedia documents. These clusters allow the user to index into the nodes to find needed information more quickly, since clustering is "personalized" based on the user's paths rather than representing…

    8. Interactive Video Disc Orientation Documentation.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Frost, William J.; And Others

      This report provides the documentation for a proposed interactive videodisk to be produced for use in orienting freshman students to the Harvey A. Andruss Library of Bloomsburg University (Pennsylvania). A rationale for the project and a plan of action are followed by a production time line and tentative program outline. An outline of the library…

    9. Commercial Demand Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      Documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components.

    10. XTOD - XES Interface Control Document

      SciTech Connect

      Trent, J

      2005-09-07

      This document describes the interface between the LCLS XTOD System (WBS No.1.5) and the LCLS XES (WBS No.1.6). The interface locations ranging from the beam dump to the far experimental hall are identified. Subsystems that connect at or cross the boundary are identified.

    11. Chemical Abstracts' Document Delivery Service.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Rollins, Stephen

      1984-01-01

      The Document Delivery Service offered by Chemical Abstracts is described in terms of the DIALORDER option on the Dialog information retrieval system, mail requests, and requests transmitted through OCLC's Interlibrary Loan system. Transmission costs, success rates, delivery rates, and other considerations in utilizing the service are included.…

    12. The number of scholarly documents on the public web.

      PubMed

      Khabsa, Madian; Giles, C Lee

      2014-01-01

      The number of scholarly documents available on the web is estimated using capture/recapture methods by studying the coverage of two major academic search engines: Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search. Our estimates show that at least 114 million English-language scholarly documents are accessible on the web, of which Google Scholar has nearly 100 million. Of these, we estimate that at least 27 million (24%) are freely available since they do not require a subscription or payment of any kind. In addition, at a finer scale, we also estimate the number of scholarly documents on the web for fifteen fields: Agricultural Science, Arts and Humanities, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Economics and Business, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Geosciences, Material Science, Mathematics, Medicine, Physics, Social Sciences, and Multidisciplinary, as defined by Microsoft Academic Search. In addition, we show that among these fields the percentage of documents defined as freely available varies significantly, i.e., from 12 to 50%. PMID:24817403

    13. The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web

      PubMed Central

      Khabsa, Madian; Giles, C. Lee

      2014-01-01

      The number of scholarly documents available on the web is estimated using capture/recapture methods by studying the coverage of two major academic search engines: Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search. Our estimates show that at least 114 million English-language scholarly documents are accessible on the web, of which Google Scholar has nearly 100 million. Of these, we estimate that at least 27 million (24%) are freely available since they do not require a subscription or payment of any kind. In addition, at a finer scale, we also estimate the number of scholarly documents on the web for fifteen fields: Agricultural Science, Arts and Humanities, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Economics and Business, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Geosciences, Material Science, Mathematics, Medicine, Physics, Social Sciences, and Multidisciplinary, as defined by Microsoft Academic Search. In addition, we show that among these fields the percentage of documents defined as freely available varies significantly, i.e., from 12 to 50%. PMID:24817403

    14. Breaking the silos: The art documentation suite

      DOE PAGESBeta

      Kutschke, Robert K.

      2015-12-23

      The art event-processing framework is used by almost all new experiments at Fermilab, and by several outside of Fermilab. All use art as an external product in the same sense that the compiler, ROOT, Geant4, CLHEP and boost are external products. The art team has embarked on a campaign to document art and develop training materials for new users. Many new users of art have little or no knowledge of C++, software engineering, build systems or the many external packages used by art or their experiments, such as ROOT, CLHEP, HEPPDT, and boost. To effectively teach art requires that themore » training materials include appropriate introductions to these topics as they are encountered. Experience has shown that simply referring readers to the existing native documentation does not work, too often a simple idea that they need to understand is described in a context that presumes prerequisites that are unimportant for a beginning user of art. There is the additional complication that the training materials must be presented in a way that does not presume knowledge of any of the experiments using art. Finally, new users of art arrive at random times throughout the year and the training materials must allow them to start to learn art at any time. This presentation will explain the strategies adopted by the art team to develop a documentation suite that complies with these boundary conditions. It will also show the present status of the documentation suite, including feedback the art team has received from pilot users.« less

    15. ELECTRICAL SUPPORT SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

      SciTech Connect

      S. Roy

      2004-06-24

      The purpose of this revision of the System Design Description (SDD) is to establish requirements that drive the design of the electrical support system and their bases to allow the design effort to proceed to License Application. This SDD is a living document that will be revised at strategic points as the design matures over time. This SDD identifies the requirements and describes the system design as they exist at this time, with emphasis on those attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This SDD has been developed to be an engineering tool for design control. Accordingly, the primary audience/users are design engineers. This type of SDD both ''leads'' and ''trails'' the design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flow down of upper tier requirements onto the system. Knowledge of these requirements is essential in performing the design process. The SDD trails the design with regard to the description of the system. The description provided in the SDD is a reflection of the results of the design process to date. Functional and operational requirements applicable to electrical support systems are obtained from the ''Project Functional and Operational Requirements'' (F&OR) (Siddoway 2003). Other requirements to support the design process have been taken from higher-level requirements documents such as the ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (PDC) (Doraswamy 2004), and fire hazards analyses. The above-mentioned low-level documents address ''Project Requirements Document'' (PRD) (Canon and Leitner 2003) requirements. This SDD contains several appendices that include supporting information. Appendix B lists key system charts, diagrams, drawings, and lists, and Appendix C includes a list of system procedures.

    16. Biobased lubricant additives

      Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

      Fully biobased lubricants are those formulated using all biobased ingredients, i.e. biobased base oils and biobased additives. Such formulations provide the maximum environmental, safety, and economic benefits expected from a biobased product. Currently, there are a number of biobased base oils that...

    17. Multifunctional fuel additives

      SciTech Connect

      Baillargeon, D.J.; Cardis, A.B.; Heck, D.B.

      1991-03-26

      This paper discusses a composition comprising a major amount of a liquid hydrocarbyl fuel and a minor low-temperature flow properties improving amount of an additive product of the reaction of a suitable diol and product of a benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride and a long-chain hydrocarbyl aminoalcohol.

    18. AirfoilPrep.py Documentation: Release 0.1.0

      SciTech Connect

      Ning, S. A.

      2013-09-01

      AirfoilPrep.py provides functionality to preprocess aerodynamic airfoil data. Essentially, the module is an object oriented version of the AirfoilPrep spreadsheet with additional functionality and is written in the Python language. It allows the user to read in two-dimensional aerodynamic airfoil data, apply three-dimensional rotation corrections for wind turbine applications, and extend the datato very large angles of attack. This document discusses installation, usage, and documentation of the module.

    19. Visual Classifier Training for Text Document Retrieval.

      PubMed

      Heimerl, F; Koch, S; Bosch, H; Ertl, T

      2012-12-01

      Performing exhaustive searches over a large number of text documents can be tedious, since it is very hard to formulate search queries or define filter criteria that capture an analyst's information need adequately. Classification through machine learning has the potential to improve search and filter tasks encompassing either complex or very specific information needs, individually. Unfortunately, analysts who are knowledgeable in their field are typically not machine learning specialists. Most classification methods, however, require a certain expertise regarding their parametrization to achieve good results. Supervised machine learning algorithms, in contrast, rely on labeled data, which can be provided by analysts. However, the effort for labeling can be very high, which shifts the problem from composing complex queries or defining accurate filters to another laborious task, in addition to the need for judging the trained classifier's quality. We therefore compare three approaches for interactive classifier training in a user study. All of the approaches are potential candidates for the integration into a larger retrieval system. They incorporate active learning to various degrees in order to reduce the labeling effort as well as to increase effectiveness. Two of them encompass interactive visualization for letting users explore the status of the classifier in context of the labeled documents, as well as for judging the quality of the classifier in iterative feedback loops. We see our work as a step towards introducing user controlled classification methods in addition to text search and filtering for increasing recall in analytics scenarios involving large corpora. PMID:26357193

    20. Imaged document information location and extraction using an optical correlator

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Stalcup, Bruce W.; Dennis, Phillip W.; Dydyk, Robert B.

      1999-12-01

      Today, the paper document is fast becoming a thing of the past. With the rapid development of fast, inexpensive computing and storage devices, many government and private organizations are archiving their documents in electronic form (e.g., personnel records, medical records, patents, etc.). Many of these organizations are converting their paper archives to electronic images, which are then stored in a computer database. Because of this, there is a need to efficiently organize this data into comprehensive and accessible information resources and provide for rapid access to the information contained within these imaged documents. To meet this need, Litton PRC and Litton Data Systems Division are developing a system, the Imaged Document Optical Correlation and Conversion System (IDOCCS), to provide a total solution to the problem of managing and retrieving textual and graphic information from imaged document archives. At the heart of IDOCCS, optical correlation technology provide a means for the search and retrieval of information from imaged documents. IDOCCS can be used to rapidly search for key words or phrases within the imaged document archives and has the potential to determine the types of languages contained within a document. In addition, IDOCCS can automatically compare an input document with the archived database to determine if it is a duplicate, thereby reducing the overall resources required to maintain and access the document database. Embedded graphics on imaged pages can also be exploited, e.g., imaged documents containing an agency's seal or logo can be singled out. In this paper, we present a description of IDOCCS as well as preliminary performance results and theoretical projections.

    1. Boron addition to alloys

      SciTech Connect

      Coad, B. C.

      1985-08-20

      A process for addition of boron to an alloy which involves forming a melt of the alloy and a reactive metal, selected from the group consisting of aluminum, titanium, zirconium and mixtures thereof to the melt, maintaining the resulting reactive mixture in the molten state and reacting the boric oxide with the reactive metal to convert at least a portion of the boric oxide to boron which dissolves in the resulting melt, and to convert at least portion of the reactive metal to the reactive metal oxide, which oxide remains with the resulting melt, and pouring the resulting melt into a gas stream to form a first atomized powder which is subsequently remelted with further addition of boric oxide, re-atomized, and thus reprocessed to convert essentially all the reactive metal to metal oxide to produce a powdered alloy containing specified amounts of boron.

    2. Tackifier for addition polyimides

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Butler, J. M.; St.clair, T. L.

      1980-01-01

      A modification to the addition polyimide, LaRC-160, was prepared to improve tack and drape and increase prepeg out-time. The essentially solventless, high viscosity laminating resin is synthesized from low cost liquid monomers. The modified version takes advantage of a reactive, liquid plasticizer which is used in place of solvent and helps solve a major problem of maintaining good prepeg tack and drape, or the ability of the prepeg to adhere to adjacent plies and conform to a desired shape during the lay up process. This alternate solventless approach allows both longer life of the polymer prepeg and the processing of low void laminates. This approach appears to be applicable to all addition polyimide systems.

    3. Vinyl capped addition polyimides

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Vannucci, Raymond D. (Inventor); Malarik, Diane C. (Inventor); Delvigs, Peter (Inventor)

      1991-01-01

      Polyimide resins (PMR) are generally useful where high strength and temperature capabilities are required (at temperatures up to about 700 F). Polyimide resins are particularly useful in applications such as jet engine compressor components, for example, blades, vanes, air seals, air splitters, and engine casing parts. Aromatic vinyl capped addition polyimides are obtained by reacting a diamine, an ester of tetracarboxylic acid, and an aromatic vinyl compound. Low void materials with improved oxidative stability when exposed to 700 F air may be fabricated as fiber reinforced high molecular weight capped polyimide composites. The aromatic vinyl capped polyimides are provided with a more aromatic nature and are more thermally stable than highly aliphatic, norbornenyl-type end-capped polyimides employed in PMR resins. The substitution of aromatic vinyl end-caps for norbornenyl end-caps in addition polyimides results in polymers with improved oxidative stability.

    4. [Biologically active food additives].

      PubMed

      Velichko, M A; Shevchenko, V P

      1998-07-01

      More than half out of 40 projects for the medical science development by the year of 2000 have been connected with the bio-active edible additives that are called "the food of XXI century", non-pharmacological means for many diseases. Most of these additives--nutricevtics and parapharmacevtics--are intended for the enrichment of food rations for the sick or healthy people. The ecologicaly safest and most effective are combined domestic adaptogens with immuno-modulating and antioxidating action that give anabolic and stimulating effect,--"leveton", "phytoton" and "adapton". The MKTs-229 tablets are residue discharge means. For atherosclerosis and general adiposis they recommend "tsar tablets" and "aiconol (ikhtien)"--on the base of cod-liver oil or "splat" made out of seaweed (algae). All these preparations have been clinically tested and received hygiene certificates from the Institute of Dietology of the Russian Academy of Medical Science. PMID:9752776

    5. Electrophilic addition of astatine

      SciTech Connect

      Norseev, Yu.V.; Vasaros, L.; Nhan, D.D.; Huan, N.K.

      1988-03-01

      It has been shown for the first time that astatine is capable of undergoing addition reactions to unsaturated hydrocarbons. A new compound of astatine, viz., ethylene astatohydrin, has been obtained, and its retention numbers of squalane, Apiezon, and tricresyl phosphate have been found. The influence of various factors on the formation of ethylene astatohydrin has been studied. It has been concluded on the basis of the results obtained that the univalent cations of astatine in an acidic medium is protonated hypoastatous acid.

    6. Hydrocarbon fuel additive

      SciTech Connect

      Ambrogio, S.

      1989-02-28

      This patent describes the method of fuel storage or combustion, wherein the fuel supply contains small amounts of water, the step of adding to the fuel supply an additive comprising a blend of a hydrophilic agent chosen from the group of ethylene glycol, n-butyl alcohol, and cellosolve in the range of 22-37% by weight; ethoxylated nonylphenol in the range of 26-35% by weight; nonylphenol polyethylene glycol ether in the range of 32-43% by weight.

    7. Functional Generalized Additive Models.

      PubMed

      McLean, Mathew W; Hooker, Giles; Staicu, Ana-Maria; Scheipl, Fabian; Ruppert, David

      2014-01-01

      We introduce the functional generalized additive model (FGAM), a novel regression model for association studies between a scalar response and a functional predictor. We model the link-transformed mean response as the integral with respect to t of F{X(t), t} where F(·,·) is an unknown regression function and X(t) is a functional covariate. Rather than having an additive model in a finite number of principal components as in Müller and Yao (2008), our model incorporates the functional predictor directly and thus our model can be viewed as the natural functional extension of generalized additive models. We estimate F(·,·) using tensor-product B-splines with roughness penalties. A pointwise quantile transformation of the functional predictor is also considered to ensure each tensor-product B-spline has observed data on its support. The methods are evaluated using simulated data and their predictive performance is compared with other competing scalar-on-function regression alternatives. We illustrate the usefulness of our approach through an application to brain tractography, where X(t) is a signal from diffusion tensor imaging at position, t, along a tract in the brain. In one example, the response is disease-status (case or control) and in a second example, it is the score on a cognitive test. R code for performing the simulations and fitting the FGAM can be found in supplemental materials available online. PMID:24729671

    8. Documentation: No Substitute for Communication

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Strickland, John

      2005-01-01

      SO WHAT IS AN RFI? IT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS I learned about back when I started my project management career with my first large construction firm. I learned how to use these forms as a convenient and effective means of documenting the many legitimate clarifications needed on a major project. However, like most other young engineers, I also learned to use the RFI as a weapon in the ongoing battle between owners. or their designer and the construction contractors. Recently, our project team has done a few simple things to greatly reduce the waste and frustration that comes from this type of battle. The RFI form can be a great tool if used properly, and I certainly don t recommend that they be eliminated entirely. The RFI form was created to document the many clarifications that are commonly required on projects. Typically, the contractor uses the top half of the form to clarify-or request permission to vary from-the contract documents. The bottom half of the form is used to record the answer. But this seemingly simple process is plagued by a number of problems. From the contractor s perspective, RFIs are needed to secure information that should have been in the contract documents in the first place. The missing information keeps their crews from working effectively, and it makes hitting already demanding cost and schedule targets even more difficult. Owners, or their design firms, often view the RFI as a means of harassment. Both sides of the issue have legitimate complaints, and both sides cause most of their own pain.

    9. On Tangut Historical Documents Recognition*

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Liu, Changqing

      As the Tangut studies have made progress, a considerable number of Tangut historical documents' copies have been published. It is of great importance to carry out digitalization and domestication of these copies. The paper firstly makes an initial processing of images by global threshold, then dissect the photocopies by scanning. Finally adopts the recognition approach of principal component analysis. The experiment shows that a better recognition can be achieved by calculation without extra time.

    10. Annex II technical documentation assessed.

      PubMed

      van Drongelen, A W; Roszek, B; van Tienhoven, E A E; Geertsma, R E; Boumans, R T; Kraus, J J A M

      2005-12-01

      Annex II of the Medical Device Directive (MDD) is used frequently by manufacturers to obtain CE-marking. This procedure relies on a full quality assurance system and does not require an assessment of the individual medical device by a Notified Body. An investigation into the availability and the quality of technical documentation for Annex II devices revealed severe shortcomings, which are reported here. PMID:16419921

    11. Mars Transportation Environment Definition Document

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Alexander, M. (Editor)

      2001-01-01

      This document provides a compilation of environments knowledge about the planet Mars. Information is divided into three catagories: (1) interplanetary space environments (environments required by the technical community to travel to and from Mars); (2) atmospheric environments (environments needed to aerocapture, aerobrake, or use aeroassist for precision trajectories down to the surface); and (3) surface environments (environments needed to have robots or explorers survive and work on the surface).

    12. Supplemental information source document : socioeconomics.

      SciTech Connect

      Sedore, Lora Jeannette

      2010-08-01

      This document provides information on expenditures and staffing levels at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). This report is based on the best available information obtained from Sandia Corporation for Fiscal Years 2008 and 2009, and was prepared in support of future analyses, including those that may be performed as part of the SNL/NM Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement.

    13. Electricity Market Module - NEMS Documentation

      EIA Publications

      2014-01-01

      Documents the Electricity Market Module as it was used for the Annual Energy Outlook 2013. The Electricity Market Module (EMM) is the electricity supply component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The EMM represents the generation, transmission, and pricing of electricity. It consists of four submodules: the Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP) Submodule, the Electricity Fuel Dispatch (EFD) Submodule, the Electricity Finance and Pricing (EFP) Submodule, and the Electricity Load and Demand (ELD) Submodule.

    14. Document image cleanup and binarization

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Wu, Victor; Manmatha, Raghaven

      1998-04-01

      Image binarization is a difficult task for documents with text over textured or shaded backgrounds, poor contrast, and/or considerable noise. Current optical character recognition (OCR) and document analysis technology do not handle such documents well. We have developed a simple yet effective algorithm for document image clean-up and binarization. The algorithm consists of two basic steps. In the first step, the input image is smoothed using a low-pass filter. The smoothing operation enhances the text relative to any background texture. This is because background texture normally has higher frequency than text does. The smoothing operation also removes speckle noise. In the second step, the intensity histogram of the smoothed image is computed and a threshold automatically selected as follows. For black text, the first peak of the histogram corresponds to text. Thresholding the image at the value of the valley between the first and second peaks of the histogram binarizes the image well. In order to reliably identify the valley, the histogram is smoothed by a low-pass filter before the threshold is computed. The algorithm has been applied to some 50 images from a wide variety of source: digitized video frames, photos, newspapers, advertisements in magazines or sales flyers, personal checks, etc. There are 21820 characters and 4406 words in these images. 91 percent of the characters and 86 percent of the words are successfully cleaned up and binarized. A commercial OCR was applied to the binarized text when it consisted of fonts which were OCR recognizable. The recognition rate was 84 percent for the characters and 77 percent for the words.

    15. 49 CFR 395.11 - Supporting documents for drivers using EOBRs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-10-01

      ... 49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Supporting documents for drivers using EOBRs. 395... REGULATIONS HOURS OF SERVICE OF DRIVERS § 395.11 Supporting documents for drivers using EOBRs. (a) Motor... additional supporting documents (e.g., driver payroll records, fuel receipts) that provide the ability...

    16. 49 CFR 395.11 - Supporting documents for drivers using EOBRs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-10-01

      ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Supporting documents for drivers using EOBRs. 395... REGULATIONS HOURS OF SERVICE OF DRIVERS § 395.11 Supporting documents for drivers using EOBRs. (a) Motor... additional supporting documents (e.g., driver payroll records, fuel receipts) that provide the ability...

    17. Federal Register document image database

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Garris, Michael D.; Janet, Stanley A.; Klein, William W.

      1999-01-01

      A new, fully-automated process has been developed at NIST to derive ground truth for document images. The method involves matching optical character recognition (OCR) results from a page with typesetting files for an entire book. Public domain software used to derive the ground truth is provided in the form of Perl scripts and C source code, and includes new, more efficient string alignment technology and a word- level scoring package. With this ground truthing technology, it is now feasible to produce much larger data sets, at much lower cost, than was ever possible with previous labor- intensive, manual data collection projects. Using this method, NIST has produced a new document image database for evaluating Document Analysis and Recognition technologies and Information Retrieval systems. The database produced contains scanned images, SGML-tagged ground truth text, commercial OCR results, and image quality assessment results for pages published in the 1994 Federal Register. These data files are useful in a wide variety of experiments and research. There were roughly 250 issues, comprised of nearly 69,000 pages, published in the Federal Register in 1994. This volume of the database contains the pages of 20 books published in January of that year. In all, there are 4711 page images provided, with 4519 of them having corresponding ground truth. This volume is distributed on two ISO-9660 CD- ROMs. Future volumes may be released, depending on the level of interest.

    18. Mixed waste characterization reference document

      SciTech Connect

      1997-09-01

      Waste characterization and monitoring are major activities in the management of waste from generation through storage and treatment to disposal. Adequate waste characterization is necessary to ensure safe storage, selection of appropriate and effective treatment, and adherence to disposal standards. For some wastes characterization objectives can be difficult and costly to achieve. The purpose of this document is to evaluate costs of characterizing one such waste type, mixed (hazardous and radioactive) waste. For the purpose of this document, waste characterization includes treatment system monitoring, where monitoring is a supplement or substitute for waste characterization. This document establishes a cost baseline for mixed waste characterization and treatment system monitoring requirements from which to evaluate alternatives. The cost baseline established as part of this work includes costs for a thermal treatment technology (i.e., a rotary kiln incinerator), a nonthermal treatment process (i.e., waste sorting, macronencapsulation, and catalytic wet oxidation), and no treatment (i.e., disposal of waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)). The analysis of improvement over the baseline includes assessment of promising areas for technology development in front-end waste characterization, process equipment, off gas controls, and monitoring. Based on this assessment, an ideal characterization and monitoring configuration is described that minimizes costs and optimizes resources required for waste characterization.

    19. Versatile document image content extraction

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Baird, Henry S.; Moll, Michael A.; Nonnemaker, Jean; Casey, Matthew R.; Delorenzo, Don L.

      2006-01-01

      We offer a preliminary report on a research program to investigate versatile algorithms for document image content extraction, that is locating regions containing handwriting, machine-print text, graphics, line-art, logos, photographs, noise, etc. To solve this problem in its full generality requires coping with a vast diversity of document and image types. Automatically trainable methods are highly desirable, as well as extremely high speed in order to process large collections. Significant obstacles include the expense of preparing correctly labeled ("ground-truthed") samples, unresolved methodological questions in specifying the domain (e.g. what is a representative collection of document images?), and a lack of consensus among researchers on how to evaluate content-extraction performance. Our research strategy emphasizes versatility first: that is, we concentrate at the outset on designing methods that promise to work across the broadest possible range of cases. This strategy has several important implications: the classifiers must be trainable in reasonable time on vast data sets; and expensive ground-truthed data sets must be complemented by amplification using generative models. These and other design and architectural issues are discussed. We propose a trainable classification methodology that marries k-d trees and hash-driven table lookup and describe preliminary experiments.

    20. Documenting the impact of hospice.

      PubMed

      Merriman, M P

      1999-01-01

      Hospice care has had an impact at many levels--on individual patients and families, on the health care industry, and on society. However, no comprehensive body of evidence has been generated that documents the impact of hospice care in terms that are meaningful to competitors, referral sources, and consumers. In part, this is because of the many challenges for evaluating hospice care. This paper describes recent efforts in the documentation of the value of hospice which have focused on outcomes measurement by individual providers rather than on large scale studies. Several groups are working to develop reliable measurement tools, to support standardized measurement in large numbers of hospices, and to collect information for benchmarking and comparison. Measurement of the impact of hospice care will set standards for other providers of end-of-life care and will document the expertise and knowledge of hospice professionals. Once established as centers of excellence in care of the dying, hospices will be well positioned for whatever delivery models may evolve for end-of-life care. PMID:10839010

    1. Decal Process Document and Catalog

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1999-01-01

      The Decal Process Document and Catalog, JSC 27260 is the standard flight decal catalog, complete with illustrations and part numbers. As hardware developers identify labels that have common applicability across end items, these labels can be evaluated for "standard decal classification" and entered into the decal catalog for general use. The hardware developer must have a label design that meets current, applicable labeling requirements, and submit to the Decal Design and Production Facility (DDPF) as a standard label candidate. Upon approval, the label will be added to the decal catalog. The Decal Process Document and Catalog provides a selection of decals from which the NASA and NASA contractor customers can easily order. The decals shown in the catalog have been previously produced and have released engineering/fabrication drawings on file in the (DDPF). A released drawing is required before a decal can be produced or placed into the catalog. Some decals included in the catalog have a common applicability and are used in various NASA vehicles/habitats. It is the intent of the DDPF to maintain this catalog as a "living document" to which decals/placards can be added as they are repeatedly used. The advantage of identifYing flight decals in this catalog is that a released drawing is already in place, and the products will be flight certified.

    2. Siloxane containing addition polyimides

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Maudgal, S.; St. Clair, T. L.

      1984-01-01

      Addition polyimide oligomers have been synthesized from bis(gamma-aminopropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane and 3, 3', 4, 4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride using a variety of latent crosslinking groups as endcappers. The prepolymers were isolated and characterized for solubility (in amide, chlorinated and ether solvents), melt flow and cure properties. The most promising systems, maleimide and acetylene terminated prepolymers, were selected for detailed study. Graphite cloth reinforced composites were prepared and properties compared with those of graphite/Kerimid 601, a commercially available bismaleimide. Mixtures of the maleimide terminated system with Kerimid 601, in varying proportions, were also studied.

    3. Oil additive process

      SciTech Connect

      Bishop, H.

      1988-10-18

      This patent describes a method of making an additive comprising: (a) adding 2 parts by volume of 3% sodium hypochlorite to 45 parts by volume of diesel oil fuel to form a sulphur free fuel, (b) removing all water and foreign matter formed by the sodium hypochlorite, (c) blending 30 parts by volume of 24% lead naphthanate with 15 parts by volume of the sulphur free fuel, 15 parts by volume of light-weight material oil to form a blended mixture, and (d) heating the blended mixture slowly and uniformly to 152F.

    4. 78 FR 38713 - Additional Documents Available for Public Review Related to Willingness To Pay Survey for...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2013-06-27

      ... CONTACT: Dr. Nathalie Simon, National Center for Environmental Economics, Office of Policy, (1809T..., Acting Director, National Center for Environmental Economics. BILLING CODE 6560-50-P ... the Chesapeake Bay. As an input to the TMDL benefits study, EPA's National Center for...

    5. Annotated bibliography National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) documents for Sandia National Laboratories

      SciTech Connect

      Harris, J.M.

      1995-04-01

      The following annotated bibliography lists documents prepared by the Department of Energy (DOE), and predecessor agencies, to meet the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for activities and facilities at Sandia National Laboratories sites. For each NEPA document summary information and a brief discussion of content is provided. This information may be used to reduce the amount of time or cost associated with NEPA compliance for future Sandia National Laboratories projects. This summary may be used to identify model documents, documents to use as sources of information, or documents from which to tier additional NEPA documents.

    6. The Relations between Document Familiarity, Frequency, and Prevalence and Document Literacy Performance among Adult Readers

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cohen, Dale J.; Snowden, Jessica L.

      2008-01-01

      This study assessed the utility of document prevalence and familiarity as predictors of adult document literacy performance. Three indexes--quantifying document prevalence, document familiarity, and the frequency of document use--were constructed using survey responses from an adult community sample and documents collected from government agencies…

    7. Documentation: Motivation and training or automation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Mouton, M. L.

      1970-01-01

      The road blocks and mental blocks in areas where automation is not taking care of basic documentation problems are discussed. Original project documentation, documentation for project maintenance, and comparison of preliminary and final documentation are described. The use of flow charts is also mentioned.

    8. 40 CFR 1508.10 - Environmental document.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 33 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Environmental document. 1508.10 Section 1508.10 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY TERMINOLOGY AND INDEX § 1508.10 Environmental document. Environmental document includes the documents specified in § 1508.9...

    9. 36 CFR 219.30 - Plan documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Plan documentation. 219.30... National Forest System Land and Resource Management Planning Planning Documentation § 219.30 Plan documentation. A plan is a repository of documents that integrates and displays the desired...

    10. 36 CFR 219.30 - Plan documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-07-01

      ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Plan documentation. 219.30... National Forest System Land and Resource Management Planning Planning Documentation § 219.30 Plan documentation. A plan is a repository of documents that integrates and displays the desired...

    11. 47 CFR 61.16 - Base documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-10-01

      ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Base documents. 61.16 Section 61.16... for Electronic Filing § 61.16 Base documents. (a) The Base Document is a complete tariff which incorporates all effective revisions, as of the last day of the preceding month. The Base Document should...

    12. 7 CFR 1739.18 - Grant documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Grant documents. 1739.18 Section 1739.18 Agriculture... BROADBAND GRANT PROGRAM Community Connect Grant Program § 1739.18 Grant documents. The terms and conditions of grants shall be set forth in grant documents prepared by the Agency. The documents shall...

    13. 7 CFR 1739.18 - Grant documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant documents. 1739.18 Section 1739.18 Agriculture... BROADBAND GRANT PROGRAM Community Connect Grant Program § 1739.18 Grant documents. The terms and conditions of grants shall be set forth in grant documents prepared by the Agency. The documents shall...

    14. 21 CFR 820.40 - Document controls.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Document controls. 820.40 Section 820.40 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Document Controls § 820.40 Document controls. Each manufacturer shall establish and maintain procedures to control all documents that are required by this part. The procedures...

    15. 21 CFR 820.40 - Document controls.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Document controls. 820.40 Section 820.40 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Document Controls § 820.40 Document controls. Each manufacturer shall establish and maintain procedures to control all documents that are required by this part. The procedures...

    16. 21 CFR 820.40 - Document controls.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Document controls. 820.40 Section 820.40 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Document Controls § 820.40 Document controls. Each manufacturer shall establish and maintain procedures to control all documents that are required by this part. The procedures...

    17. Document Ranking Based upon Markov Chains.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Danilowicz, Czeslaw; Balinski, Jaroslaw

      2001-01-01

      Considers how the order of documents in information retrieval responses are determined and introduces a method that uses a probabilistic model of a document set where documents are regarded as states of a Markov chain and where transition probabilities are directly proportional to similarities between documents. (Author/LRW)

    18. 21 CFR 820.40 - Document controls.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Document controls. 820.40 Section 820.40 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Document Controls § 820.40 Document controls. Each manufacturer shall establish and maintain procedures to control all documents that are required by this part. The procedures...

    19. 21 CFR 820.40 - Document controls.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Document controls. 820.40 Section 820.40 Food and... QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION Document Controls § 820.40 Document controls. Each manufacturer shall establish and maintain procedures to control all documents that are required by this part. The procedures...

    20. Performance Boosting Additive

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1999-01-01

      Mainstream Engineering Corporation was awarded Phase I and Phase II contracts from Goddard Space Flight Center's Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in early 1990. With support from the SBIR program, Mainstream Engineering Corporation has developed a unique low cost additive, QwikBoost (TM), that increases the performance of air conditioners, heat pumps, refrigerators, and freezers. Because of the energy and environmental benefits of QwikBoost, Mainstream received the Tibbetts Award at a White House Ceremony on October 16, 1997. QwikBoost was introduced at the 1998 International Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Exposition. QwikBoost is packaged in a handy 3-ounce can (pressurized with R-134a) and will be available for automotive air conditioning systems in summer 1998.

    1. Sewage sludge additive

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Kalvinskas, J. J.; Mueller, W. A.; Ingham, J. D. (Inventor)

      1980-01-01

      The additive is for a raw sewage treatment process of the type where settling tanks are used for the purpose of permitting the suspended matter in the raw sewage to be settled as well as to permit adsorption of the dissolved contaminants in the water of the sewage. The sludge, which settles down to the bottom of the settling tank is extracted, pyrolyzed and activated to form activated carbon and ash which is mixed with the sewage prior to its introduction into the settling tank. The sludge does not provide all of the activated carbon and ash required for adequate treatment of the raw sewage. It is necessary to add carbon to the process and instead of expensive commercial carbon, coal is used to provide the carbon supplement.

    2. Perspectives on Additive Manufacturing

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Bourell, David L.

      2016-07-01

      Additive manufacturing (AM) has skyrocketed in visibility commercially and in the public sector. This article describes the development of this field from early layered manufacturing approaches of photosculpture, topography, and material deposition. Certain precursors to modern AM processes are also briefly described. The growth of the field over the last 30 years is presented. Included is the standard delineation of AM technologies into seven broad categories. The economics of AM part generation is considered, and the impacts of the economics on application sectors are described. On the basis of current trends, the future outlook will include a convergence of AM fabricators, mass-produced AM fabricators, enabling of topology optimization designs, and specialization in the AM legal arena. Long-term developments with huge impact are organ printing and volume-based printing.

    3. New addition curing polyimides

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Frimer, Aryeh A.; Cavano, Paul

      1991-01-01

      In an attempt to improve the thermal-oxidative stability (TOS) of PMR-type polymers, the use of 1,4-phenylenebis (phenylmaleic anhydride) PPMA, was evaluated. Two series of nadic end-capped addition curing polyimides were prepared by imidizing PPMA with either 4,4'-methylene dianiline or p-phenylenediamine. The first resulted in improved solubility and increased resin flow while the latter yielded a compression molded neat resin sample with a T(sub g) of 408 C, close to 70 C higher than PME-15. The performance of these materials in long term weight loss studies was below that of PMR-15, independent of post-cure conditions. These results can be rationalized in terms of the thermal lability of the pendant phenyl groups and the incomplete imidization of the sterically congested PPMA. The preparation of model compounds as well as future research directions are discussed.

    4. Documenting the Development of Software

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1987-01-01

      Some routine supervisory functions performed automatically. Program Management Facility (PMF) computer program integrated software-development and control system. Applicable to large software systems involving as many as several hundred programmers and one million lines of codes, it ensures timely and orderly planning, development, implementation, and documentation of software. Designed as support tool. Has many features providing efficient processing and utilization of space for development programmer. Incorporates security system to prevent improper maintenance. Provides full set of cross-referenced reports and supervisory functions for detailed management information. Written in assembler. IBM program TSO required.

    5. On the typography of flight-deck documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Degani, Asaf

      1992-01-01

      Many types of paper documentation are employed on the flight-deck. They range from a simple checklist card to a bulky Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM). Some of these documentations have typographical and graphical deficiencies; yet, many cockpit tasks such as conducting checklists, way-point entry, limitations and performance calculations, and many more, require the use of these documents. Moreover, during emergency and abnormal situations, the flight crews' effectiveness in combating the situation is highly dependent on such documentation; accessing and reading procedures has a significant impact on flight safety. Although flight-deck documentation are an important (and sometimes critical) form of display in the modern cockpit, there is a dearth of information on how to effectively design these displays. The object of this report is to provide a summary of the available literature regarding the design and typographical aspects of printed matter. The report attempts 'to bridge' the gap between basic research about typography, and the kind of information needed by designers of flight-deck documentation. The report focuses on typographical factors such as type-faces, character height, use of lower- and upper-case characters, line length, and spacing. Some graphical aspects such as layout, color coding, fonts, and character contrast are also discussed. In addition, several aspects of cockpit reading conditions such as glare, angular alignment, and paper quality are addressed. Finally, a list of recommendations for the graphical design of flight-deck documentation is provided.

    6. Combination of visual and textual similarity retrieval from medical documents.

      PubMed

      Eggel, Ivan; Müller, Henning

      2009-01-01

      Medical visual information retrieval has been an active research area over the past ten years as an increasing amount of images are produced digitally and have become available in patient records, scientific literature, and other medical documents. Most visual retrieval systems concentrate on images only, but it has become apparent that the retrieval of similar images alone is of limited interest, and rather the retrieval of similar documents is an important domain. Most medical institutions as well as the World Health Organization (WHO) produce many complex documents. Searching them, including a visual search, can help finding important information and also facilitates the reuse of document content and images. The work described in this paper is based on a proposal of the WHO that produces large amounts of documents from studies but also for training. The majority of these documents are in complex formats such as PDF, Microsoft Word, Excel, or PowerPoint. Goal is to create an information retrieval system that allows easy addition of documents and search by keywords and visual content. For text retrieval, Lucene is used and for image retrieval the GNU Image Finding Tool (GIFT). A Web 2.0 interface allows for an easy upload as well as simple searching. PMID:19745431

    7. Users manual for doctext: Producing documentation from C source code

      SciTech Connect

      Gropp, W.

      1995-03-01

      One of the major problems that software library writers face, particularly in a research environment, is the generation of documentation. Producing good, professional-quality documentation is tedious and time consuming. Often, no documentation is produced. For many users, however, much of the need for documentation may be satisfied by a brief description of the purpose and use of the routines and their arguments. Even for more complete, hand-generated documentation, this information provides a convenient starting point. We describe here a tool that may be used to generate documentation about programs written in the C language. It uses a structured comment convention that preserves the original C source code and does not require any additional files. The markup language is designed to be an almost invisible structured comment in the C source code, retaining readability in the original source. Documentation in a form suitable for the Unix man program (nroff), LaTeX, and the World Wide Web can be produced.

    8. Title extraction and generation from OCR'd documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Taghva, Kazem; Condit, Allen; Lumos, Steve; Borsack, Julie; Nartker, Thomas

      2007-01-01

      Extraction of metadata from documents is a tedious and expensive process. In general, documents are manually reviewed for structured data such as title, author, date, organization, etc. The purpose of extraction is to build metadata for documents that can be used when formulating structured queries. In many large document repositories such as the National Library of Medicine (NLM)1 or university libraries, the extraction task is a daily process that spans decades. Although some automation is used during the extraction process, generally, metadata extraction is a manual task. Aside from the cost and labor time, manual processing is error prone and requires many levels of quality control. Recent advances in extraction technology, as reported at the Message the Understanding Conference (MUC),2 is comparable with extraction performed by humans. In addition, many organizations use historical data for lookup to improve the quality of extraction. For the large government document repository we are working with, the task involves extraction of several fields from millions of OCR'd and electronic documents. Since this project is time-sensitive, automatic extraction turns out to be the only viable solution. There are more than a dozen fields associated with each document that require extraction. In this paper, we report on the extraction and generation of the title field.

    9. Human Research Program Requirements Document (Revision C)

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Vargas, Paul R.

      2009-01-01

      The purpose of this document is to define, document, and allocate the Human Research Program (HRP) requirements to the HRP Program Elements. It establishes the flow-down of requirements from Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) and Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer (OCHMO) to the various Program Elements of the HRP to ensure that human research and technology countermeasure investments are made to insure the delivery of countermeasures and technologies that satisfy ESMD's and OCHMO's exploration mission requirements. Requirements driving the HRP work and deliverables are derived from the exploration architecture, as well as Agency standards regarding the maintenance of human health and performance. Agency human health and performance standards will define acceptable risk for each type and duration of exploration mission. It is critical to have the best available scientific and clinical evidence in setting and validating these standards. In addition, it is imperative that the best available evidence on preventing and mitigating human health and performance risks is incorporated into exploration mission and vehicle designs. These elements form the basis of the HRP research and technology development requirements and highlight the importance of HRP investments in enabling NASA's exploration missions. This PRD defines the requirements of the HRP which is comprised of the following major Program Elements: Behavioral Health and Performance (BHP), Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC), Human Health Countermeasures (HHC), ISS Medical Project (ISSMP), Space Human Factors and Habitability (SHFH), and Space Radiation (SR).

    10. Documenting the birth of a financial economy.

      PubMed

      Suri, Tavneet; Jack, William; Stoker, Thomas M

      2012-06-26

      The birth and explosive growth of mobile money in Kenya has provided economists with an opportunity to study the evolution and impact of a new financial system. Mobile money is an innovation that allows individuals to store, send, and receive money on their mobile phone via text message. This system has opened up basic financial services to many who were previously excluded, and has had real and measurable impacts on the ability of households to protect themselves against health risks. Using a unique survey instrument covering nearly 2,300 households over 2008-2010, we first document the lightning-fast adoption of mobile money in Kenya, which was faster than most documented modern technologies in the United States. We then present evidence on how this innovation allows households to respond better to unexpected adverse health events. We find that in the face of these events, users of mobile money are better able to tap into remittances to finance additional health care costs without having to forego necessary expenditures on education, food, and other consumption needs. PMID:22689945

    11. Technology documentation for selected radwaste incineration systems

      SciTech Connect

      Ziegler, D.L.

      1982-12-01

      Several incineration systems have been developed and demonstrated on a production scale for combustion of radioactive waste from contractor operated Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Demonstrated operating information and engineered design information is documented in this report on four of these systems; the Cyclone Incinerator (CI), Fluidized Bed Incinerator (FBI), Controlled-Air Incinerator (CAI) and Electric Controlled Air Incinerator (ECAI). The CI, FBI and CAI have been demonstrated with actual contaminated plant waste and the ECAI has been demonstrated with simulated waste using dysprosium oxide as a stand-in for plutonium oxide. The weight and volume reduction that can be obtained by each system processing typical solid plant transuranic (TRU) waste has been presented. Where a given system has been tested for other applications, such as combustion of resins, TBP-solvent mixtures, organic liquids, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), resuts of these experiments have been included. This document is a compilation of reports prepared by the operating contractor personnel responsible for development of each of the systems. In addition, as a part of the program management responsibility, the Transuranic Waste System Office (TWSO) has provided an overview of the contractor supplied information.

    12. Documenting the birth of a financial economy

      PubMed Central

      Suri, Tavneet; Jack, William; Stoker, Thomas M.

      2012-01-01

      The birth and explosive growth of mobile money in Kenya has provided economists with an opportunity to study the evolution and impact of a new financial system. Mobile money is an innovation that allows individuals to store, send, and receive money on their mobile phone via text message. This system has opened up basic financial services to many who were previously excluded, and has had real and measurable impacts on the ability of households to protect themselves against health risks. Using a unique survey instrument covering nearly 2,300 households over 2008–2010, we first document the lightning-fast adoption of mobile money in Kenya, which was faster than most documented modern technologies in the United States. We then present evidence on how this innovation allows households to respond better to unexpected adverse health events. We find that in the face of these events, users of mobile money are better able to tap into remittances to finance additional health care costs without having to forego necessary expenditures on education, food, and other consumption needs. PMID:22689945

    13. Writer identification on historical Glagolitic documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Fiel, Stefan; Hollaus, Fabian; Gau, Melanie; Sablatnig, Robert

      2013-12-01

      This work aims at automatically identifying scribes of historical Slavonic manuscripts. The quality of the ancient documents is partially degraded by faded-out ink or varying background. The writer identification method used is based on image features, which are described with Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) features. A visual vocabulary is used for the description of handwriting characteristics, whereby the features are clustered using a Gaussian Mixture Model and employing the Fisher kernel. The writer identification approach is originally designed for grayscale images of modern handwritings. But contrary to modern documents, the historical manuscripts are partially corrupted by background clutter and water stains. As a result, SIFT features are also found on the background. Since the method shows also good results on binarized images of modern handwritings, the approach was additionally applied on binarized images of the ancient writings. Experiments show that this preprocessing step leads to a significant performance increase: The identification rate on binarized images is 98.9%, compared to an identification rate of 87.6% gained on grayscale images.

    14. BIM applied in historical building documentation and refurbishing

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Cheng, H.-M.; Yang, W.-B.; Yen, Y.-N.

      2015-08-01

      Historical building conservation raises two important issues which are documentation and refurbishing. For the recording and documentation, we already have developed 3d laser scanner and such photogrammetry technology those represent a freeze object of virtual reality by digital documentation. On the other hand, the refurbished engineering of historic building is a challenge for conservation heritage which are not only reconstructing the damage part but also restoring tangible cultural heritage. 3D digital cultural heritage models has become a topic of great interest in recent years. One reason for this is the more widespread use of laser scanning and photogrammetry for recording cultural heritage sites. These technologies have made it possible to efficiently and accurately record complex structures remotely that would not have been possible with previous survey methods. In addition to these developments, digital information systems are evolving for the presentation, analysis and archival of heritage documentation.

    15. Documentation of the lending process

      SciTech Connect

      Chase, S.H.; Manion, J.S.; Garcia-Hohmann, J.

      1981-08-01

      US DOE has forged a partnership with the American Bankers Association, the US League of Savings Associations, and the National League of Savings and Loans to develop training materials for senior financial institution officials, loan officers and staff appraisers in the area of energy efficient considerations at the residential time of transfer. Also, training materials will be developed to enable financial institutions to educate their customers regarding residential energy efficiency. To reach this goal, the lending process must be documented to provide training material developers with an understanding of possible areas where the lending process can be most effected by energy education. Objective of this report was to document the mortgage lending process by conducting a literature search. Researchers concentrated on the role of both primary lenders and the secondary mortgage market. Also, studies were made on the types of mortgage plans, linkages between major actors (e.g., real estate agents, appraisers, senior bank officials, loan officers), guarantors (e.g., FHA, VA), and mortgage variations due to region and building type and owner.

    16. SRS ECOLOGY ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION DOCUMENT

      SciTech Connect

      Wike, L; Doug Martin, D; Eric Nelson, E; Nancy Halverson, N; John Mayer, J; Michael Paller, M; Rodney Riley, R; Michael Serrato, M

      2006-03-01

      The SRS Ecology Environmental Information Document (EEID) provides a source of information on the ecology of Savannah River Site (SRS). The SRS is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)--owned property on the upper Atlantic Coastal Plain of South Carolina, centered approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) southeast of Augusta, Georgia. The entire site was designated a National Environmental Research Park in 1972 by the Atomic Energy Commission, the predecessor of DOE. This document summarizes and synthesizes ecological research and monitoring conducted on the three main types of ecosystems found at SRS: terrestrial, wetland and aquatic. It also summarizes the available information on the threatened and endangered species found on the Savannah River Site. SRS is located along the Savannah River and encompasses an area of 80,267 hectares (310 square miles) in three South Carolina counties. It contains diverse habitats, flora, and fauna. Habitats include upland terrestrial areas, wetlands, streams, reservoirs, and the adjacent Savannah River. These diverse habitats support a variety of plants and animals, including many commercially or recreationally valuable species and several rare, threatened, or endangered species. Soils are the basic terrestrial resource, influencing the development of terrestrial biological communities. Many different soils exist on the SRS, from hydric to well-drained, and from sand to clay. In general, SRS soils are predominantly well-drained loamy sands.

    17. Documentation for computer code NACL

      SciTech Connect

      Weres, O.; Peiper, J.C.; Pitzer, K.S.; Pabalan, R.

      1987-02-01

      The computer program NACL incorporates the empirical model of the thermodynamic properties of the system NaCl-H/sub 2/O recently published by Pitzer et al. NACL is derived from the research codes used by Pitzer et al. to analyze the experimental data and fix the parameters in their model. NACL calculates values for all thermodynamic properties which are identical to values tabulated in Ref. 1. NACL is written in VAX/VMS FORTRAN, and was developed on a VAX 8600 computer. Machine specific features have been avoided, and NACL should require few changes to compile and run with other compilers and computers. A sample output and full code listing of NACL are appended to this document. For one year following the publication of this document, the code will be made available to interested users on 5.25'' floppy diskette in MS-DOS 2.11 format. Please send a formatted diskette and a stamped, self-addressed mailer to Oleh Weres, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 50E, Berkeley, CA 94720. Please put your name and address on the diskette.

    18. On being grateful and kind: results of two randomized controlled trials on study-related emotions and academic engagement.

      PubMed

      Ouweneel, Else; Le Blanc, Pascale M; Schaufeli, Wilmar B

      2014-01-01

      Despite the large amount of research attention to engagement as well as positive psychology in a general context, there have been few attempts to increase academic well-being by means of positive psychological interventions. This article tests the potential of positive psychological interventions to enhance study-related positive emotions and academic engagement, and to reduce study-related negative emotions among university students. We modified two existing positive interventions that are aimed at increasing general happiness for use in an academic context. These interventions focused on "thoughts of gratitude" and "acts of kindness," respectively. The present study consisted of two randomized controlled trials with experimental (thoughts of gratitude or acts of kindness) and control conditions in which participants were monitored on a daily basis during the one-week intervention, and additional pre-, post-, and follow-up assessments were carried out. Results revealed that the gratitude intervention had a significant positive effect on daily positive emotions only. The kindness intervention had a positive influence on both positive emotions and academic engagement, though not in the long run. The results showed no effects on negative emotions in either of the two interventions. Positive psychological interventions seem to foster positive emotions and academic engagement, but do not decrease negative emotions. PMID:24617270

    19. Redactable signatures for signed CDA Documents.

      PubMed

      Wu, Zhen-Yu; Hsueh, Chih-Wen; Tsai, Cheng-Yu; Lai, Feipei; Lee, Hung-Chang; Chung, Yufang

      2012-06-01

      The Clinical Document Architecture, introduced by Health Level Seven, is a XML-based standard intending to specify the encoding, structure, and semantics of clinical documents for exchange. Since the clinical document is in XML form, its authenticity and integrity could be guaranteed by the use of the XML signature published by W3C. While a clinical document wants to conceal some personal or private information, the document needs to be redacted. It makes the signed signature of the original clinical document not be verified. The redactable signature is thus proposed to enable verification for the redacted document. Only a little research does the implementation of the redactable signature, and there still not exists an appropriate scheme for the clinical document. This paper will investigate the existing web-technologies and find a compact and applicable model to implement a suitable redactable signature for the clinical document viewer. PMID:21181244

    20. Document image representation using XML technologies

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      El-Kwae, Essam A.; Atmakuri, Kusuma H.

      2001-12-01

      Electronic documents have gained wide acceptance due to the ease of editing and sharing of information. However, paper documents are still widely used in many environments. Moving into a paperless and distributed office has become a major goal for document image research. A new approach for form document representation is presented. This approach allows for electronic document sharing over the World Wide Web (WWW) using Extensible Markup Language (XML) technologies. Each document is mapped into three different views, an XML view to represent the preprinted and filled-in data, an XSL (Extensible style Sheets) view to represent the structure of the document, and a DTD (Document Type Definition) view to represent the document grammar and field constraints. The XML and XSL views are generated from a document template, either automatically using image processing techniques, or semi-automatically with minimal user interaction. The DTD representation may be fixed for general documents or may be generated semi-automatically by mining a number of filled-in document examples. Document templates need to be entered once to create the proposed representation. Afterwards, documents may be displayed, updated, or shared over the web. The merits of this approach are demonstrated using a number of examples of widely used forms.

    1. Flocking-based Document Clustering on the Graphics Processing Unit

      SciTech Connect

      Cui, Xiaohui; Potok, Thomas E; Patton, Robert M; ST Charles, Jesse Lee

      2008-01-01

      Abstract?Analyzing and grouping documents by content is a complex problem. One explored method of solving this problem borrows from nature, imitating the flocking behavior of birds. Each bird represents a single document and flies toward other documents that are similar to it. One limitation of this method of document clustering is its complexity O(n2). As the number of documents grows, it becomes increasingly difficult to receive results in a reasonable amount of time. However, flocking behavior, along with most naturally inspired algorithms such as ant colony optimization and particle swarm optimization, are highly parallel and have found increased performance on expensive cluster computers. In the last few years, the graphics processing unit (GPU) has received attention for its ability to solve highly-parallel and semi-parallel problems much faster than the traditional sequential processor. Some applications see a huge increase in performance on this new platform. The cost of these high-performance devices is also marginal when compared with the price of cluster machines. In this paper, we have conducted research to exploit this architecture and apply its strengths to the document flocking problem. Our results highlight the potential benefit the GPU brings to all naturally inspired algorithms. Using the CUDA platform from NIVIDA? we developed a document flocking implementation to be run on the NIVIDA?GEFORCE 8800. Additionally, we developed a similar but sequential implementation of the same algorithm to be run on a desktop CPU. We tested the performance of each on groups of news articles ranging in size from 200 to 3000 documents. The results of these tests were very significant. Performance gains ranged from three to nearly five times improvement of the GPU over the CPU implementation. This dramatic improvement in runtime makes the GPU a potentially revolutionary platform for document clustering algorithms.

    2. 38 CFR 1.17 - Evaluation of studies relating to health effects of radiation exposure.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... scientific or medical studies relating to the adverse health effects of exposure to ionizing radiation in the “Notices” section of the Federal Register. (b) Factors to be considered in evaluating scientific studies... the veteran population of interest. (5) The views of the appropriate panel of the Scientific...

    3. 38 CFR 1.17 - Evaluation of studies relating to health effects of radiation exposure.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-07-01

      ... scientific or medical studies relating to the adverse health effects of exposure to ionizing radiation in the “Notices” section of the Federal Register. (b) Factors to be considered in evaluating scientific studies... the veteran population of interest. (5) The views of the appropriate panel of the Scientific...

    4. 38 CFR 1.17 - Evaluation of studies relating to health effects of radiation exposure.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-07-01

      ... relating to health effects of radiation exposure. 1.17 Section 1.17 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief... health effects of radiation exposure. (a) From time to time, the Secretary shall publish evaluations of scientific or medical studies relating to the adverse health effects of exposure to ionizing radiation in...

    5. 38 CFR 1.17 - Evaluation of studies relating to health effects of radiation exposure.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-07-01

      ... scientific or medical studies relating to the adverse health effects of exposure to ionizing radiation in the “Notices” section of the Federal Register. (b) Factors to be considered in evaluating scientific studies... the veteran population of interest. (5) The views of the appropriate panel of the Scientific...

    6. 38 CFR 1.17 - Evaluation of studies relating to health effects of radiation exposure.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-07-01

      ... scientific or medical studies relating to the adverse health effects of exposure to ionizing radiation in the “Notices” section of the Federal Register. (b) Factors to be considered in evaluating scientific studies... the veteran population of interest. (5) The views of the appropriate panel of the Scientific...

    7. CANISTER HANDLING FACILITY DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

      SciTech Connect

      J.F. Beesley

      2005-04-21

      The purpose of this facility description document (FDD) is to establish requirements and associated bases that drive the design of the Canister Handling Facility (CHF), which will allow the design effort to proceed to license application. This FDD will be revised at strategic points as the design matures. This FDD identifies the requirements and describes the facility design, as it currently exists, with emphasis on attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This FDD is an engineering tool for design control; accordingly, the primary audience and users are design engineers. This FDD is part of an iterative design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flowdown of upper tier requirements onto the facility. Knowledge of these requirements is essential in performing the design process. The FDD follows the design with regard to the description of the facility. The description provided in this FDD reflects the current results of the design process.

    8. 1992 Conversion Resources Supply Document

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1992-03-01

      In recent years conservation of electric power has become an integral part of utility planning. The 1980 Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act (Northwest Power Act) requires that the region consider conservation potential in planning acquisitions of resources to meet load growth. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) developed its first estimates of conservation potential in 1982. Since that time BPA has updated its conservation supply analyses as a part of its Resource Program and other planning efforts. Major updates were published in 1985 and in January 1990. This 1992 document presents updated supply curves, which are estimates of the savings potential over time (cumulative savings) at different cost levels of energy conservation measures (ECMs). ECMs are devices, pieces of equipment, or actions that increase the efficiency of electricity use and reduce the amount of electricity used by end-use equipment.

    9. [Familial combined hyperlipidemia: consensus document].

      PubMed

      Mata, Pedro; Alonso, Rodrigo; Ruíz-Garcia, Antonio; Díaz-Díaz, Jose L; González, Noemí; Gijón-Conde, Teresa; Martínez-Faedo, Ceferino; Morón, Ignacio; Arranz, Ezequiel; Aguado, Rocío; Argueso, Rosa; Perez de Isla, Leopoldo

      2014-10-01

      Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) is a frequent disorder associated with premature coronary artery disease. It is transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner, although there is not a unique gene involved. The diagnosis is performed using clinical criteria, and variability in lipid phenotype and family history of hyperlipidemia are necessaries. Frequently, the disorder is associated with type2 diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension and central obesity. Patients with FCH are considered as high cardiovascular risk and the lipid target is an LDL-cholesterol <100mg/dL, and <70mg/dL if cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes are present. Patients with FCH require lipid lowering treatment using potent statins and sometimes, combined lipid-lowering treatment. Identification and management of other cardiovascular risk factors as type 2 diabetes and hypertension are fundamental to reduce cardiovascular disease burden. This document gives recommendations for the diagnosis and global treatment of patients with FCH directed to specialists and general practitioners. PMID:25131181

    10. [Familial combined hyperlipidemia: consensus document].

      PubMed

      Mata, Pedro; Alonso, Rodrigo; Ruíz-Garcia, Antonio; Díaz-Díaz, Jose L; González, Noemí; Gijón-Conde, Teresa; Martínez-Faedo, Ceferino; Morón, Ignacio; Arranz, Ezequiel; Aguado, Rocío; Argueso, Rosa; Perez de Isla, Leopoldo

      2014-10-01

      Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) is a frequent disorder associated with premature coronary artery disease. It is transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner, although there is not a unique gene involved. The diagnosis is performed using clinical criteria, and variability in lipid phenotype and family history of hyperlipidemia are necessaries. Frequently, the disorder is associated with type2 diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension and central obesity. Patients with FCH are considered as high cardiovascular risk and the lipid target is an LDL-cholesterol <100mg/dL, and <70mg/dL if cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes are present. Patients with FCH require lipid lowering treatment using potent statins and sometimes, combined lipid-lowering treatment. Identification and management of other cardiovascular risk factors as type 2 diabetes and hypertension are fundamental to reduce cardiovascular disease burden. This document gives recommendations for the diagnosis and global treatment of patients with FCH directed to specialists and general practitioners. PMID:25034722

    11. PORFLOW TESTING AND VERIFICATION DOCUMENT

      SciTech Connect

      Aleman, S

      2007-06-18

      The PORFLOW software package is a comprehensive mathematical model for simulation of multi-phase fluid flow, heat transfer and mass transport in variably saturated porous and fractured media. PORFLOW can simulate transient or steady-state problems in Cartesian or cylindrical geometry. The porous medium may be anisotropic and heterogeneous and may contain discrete fractures or boreholes with the porous matrix. The theoretical models within the code provide a unified treatment of concepts relevant to fluid flow and transport. The main features of PORFLOW that are relevant to Performance Assessment modeling at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) include variably saturated flow and transport of parent and progeny radionuclides. This document involves testing a relevant sample of problems in PORFLOW and comparing the outcome of the simulations to analytical solutions or other commercial codes. The testing consists of the following four groups. Group 1: Groundwater Flow; Group 2: Contaminant Transport; Group 3: Numerical Dispersion; and Group 4: Keyword Commands.

    12. High recall document content extraction

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      An, Chang; Baird, Henry S.

      2011-01-01

      We report methodologies for computing high-recall masks for document image content extraction, that is, the location and segmentation of regions containing handwriting, machine-printed text, photographs, blank space, etc. The resulting segmentation is pixel-accurate, which accommodates arbitrary zone shapes (not merely rectangles). We describe experiments showing that iterated classifiers can increase recall of all content types, with little loss of precision. We also introduce two methodological enhancements: (1) a multi-stage voting rule; and (2) a scoring policy that views blank pixels as a "don't care" class with other content classes. These enhancements improve both recall and precision, achieving at least 89% recall and at least 87% precision among three content types: machine-print, handwriting, and photo.

    13. PSP Program close out documentation

      SciTech Connect

      Andringa, K.; Hootman, H.E.; Ferrara, A.S.; Smith, P.K.; Congdon, J.W.; Randolph, H.W.; Young, R.H.; Driggers, F.E.; Topp, S.V.

      1985-12-31

      In December 1982 DOE-SR directed SRL to study the feasibility and impact of a program to lower the U-236 content of the Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) stockpile used as fuel for the SRP reactors. In response to this request SRL assessed four technologies, Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS), Molecular Laser Isotope Separation (MLIS), Gas Centrifuge, and the Plasma Separation Process (PSP) for this purpose with the assistance of the Engineering Department. In April 1983 cost/benefit analyses for these processes, high spot cost estimates for production facilities, and process uncertainties were submitted to DOE-SR with a recommendation to proceed with the conceptual design and supporting development programs for a facility based on the use of the PSP process. The current program status for the PSP development program at SRL and the design and documentation of a production facility at SRP, referred to as the Fuel Improvement Demonstration Facility (FIDF), is described in this report.

    14. Using clustering for document reconstruction

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ukovich, Anna; Zacchigna, Alessandra; Ramponi, Giovanni; Schoier, Gabriella

      2006-02-01

      In the forensics and investigative science fields there may arise the need of reconstructing documents which have been destroyed by means of a shredder. In a computer-based reconstruction, the pieces are described by numerical features, which represent the visual content of the strips. Usually, the pieces of different pages have been mixed. We propose an approach for the reconstruction which performs a first clustering on the strips to ease the successive matching, be it manual (with the help of a computer) or automatic. A number of features, extracted by means of image processing algorithms, have been selected for this aim. The results show the effectiveness of the features and of the proposed clustering algorithm.

    15. Automated labeling in document images

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Kim, Jongwoo; Le, Daniel X.; Thoma, George R.

      2000-12-01

      The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is developing an automated system to produce bibliographic records for its MEDLINER database. This system, named Medical Article Record System (MARS), employs document image analysis and understanding techniques and optical character recognition (OCR). This paper describes a key module in MARS called the Automated Labeling (AL) module, which labels all zones of interest (title, author, affiliation, and abstract) automatically. The AL algorithm is based on 120 rules that are derived from an analysis of journal page layouts and features extracted from OCR output. Experiments carried out on more than 11,000 articles in over 1,000 biomedical journals show the accuracy of this rule-based algorithm to exceed 96%.

    16. 16 CFR 803.8 - Foreign language documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... language documents. (a) Whenever at the time of filing a Notification and Report Form there is an English... English language versions shall be filed along with the foreign language information or materials. (b... for additional information or documentary material shall be submitted with verbatim English...

    17. 16 CFR 803.8 - Foreign language documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... language documents. (a) Whenever at the time of filing a Notification and Report Form there is an English... English language versions shall be filed along with the foreign language information or materials. (b... for additional information or documentary material shall be submitted with verbatim English...

    18. 16 CFR 803.8 - Foreign language documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ... language documents. (a) Whenever at the time of filing a Notification and Report Form there is an English... English language versions shall be filed along with the foreign language information or materials. (b... for additional information or documentary material shall be submitted with verbatim English...

    19. 16 CFR 803.8 - Foreign language documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... language documents. (a) Whenever at the time of filing a Notification and Report Form there is an English... English language versions shall be filed along with the foreign language information or materials. (b... for additional information or documentary material shall be submitted with verbatim English...

    20. 24 CFR 941.610 - Evidentiary materials and other documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... of 1989 (42 U.S.C. 3545) (see 24 CFR part 4) to determine whether the amount of assistance being... development of public housing including, but not limited to, wage rates under the Davis-Bacon Act (40 U.S.C... additional documentation as may be required by HUD. (b) Subsidy layering analysis. After the PHA submits...

    1. Sandia Software Guidelines, Volume 2. Documentation

      SciTech Connect

      1995-09-01

      This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standards for software documentation, this volume provides guidance in the selection of an adequate document set for a software project and example formats for many types of software documentation. A tutorial on life cycle documentation is also provided. Extended document thematic outlines and working examples of software documents are available on electronic media as an extension of this volume.

    2. 40 CFR 80.161 - Detergent additive certification program.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-07-01

      ... additive manufacturer must properly register the detergent additive under 40 CFR part 79. For this purpose... documents with such claims according to the regulations at 40 CFR part 2. (v) The sample shall be submitted... shall be informal, and the hearing shall not be subject to or governed by 40 CFR part 22 or by 5...

    3. 17 CFR 229.1011 - (Item 1011) Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false (Item 1011) Additional....1011 (Item 1011) Additional information. (a) Agreements, regulatory requirements and legal proceedings... and the relief sought. Instruction to Item 1011(a)(5): A copy of any document relating to a...

    4. 17 CFR 229.1011 - (Item 1011) Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false (Item 1011) Additional....1011 (Item 1011) Additional information. (a) Agreements, regulatory requirements and legal proceedings... and the relief sought. Instruction to Item 1011(a)(5): A copy of any document relating to a...

    5. 17 CFR 229.1011 - (Item 1011) Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false (Item 1011) Additional....1011 (Item 1011) Additional information. (a) Agreements, regulatory requirements and legal proceedings... and the relief sought. Instruction to Item 1011(a)(5): A copy of any document relating to a...

    6. 17 CFR 229.1011 - (Item 1011) Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false (Item 1011) Additional....1011 (Item 1011) Additional information. (a) Agreements, regulatory requirements and legal proceedings... and the relief sought. Instruction to Item 1011(a)(5): A copy of any document relating to a...

    7. 17 CFR 229.1011 - (Item 1011) Additional information.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false (Item 1011) Additional....1011 (Item 1011) Additional information. (a) Agreements, regulatory requirements and legal proceedings... and the relief sought. Instruction to Item 1011(a)(5): A copy of any document relating to a...

    8. 77 FR 17492 - Expansion of Global Entry to Additional Airports

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-03-26

      ... selection process, and the initial airport locations. See 77 FR 5681 and 8 CFR 235.12. Travelers who wish to... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Expansion of Global Entry to Additional Airports AGENCY: U.S.... This document announces the expansion of the program to include four additional airports. DATES:...

    9. Test report - caustic addition system operability test procedure

      SciTech Connect

      Parazin, R.E.

      1995-10-13

      This Operability Test Report documents the test results of test procedure WHC-SD-WM-OTP-167 ``Caustic Addition System Operability Test Procedure``. The Objective of the test was to verify the operability of the 241-AN-107 Caustic Addition System. The objective of the test was met

    10. How Are Conditions for Participation Expressed in Education Policy Documents? A Review of Documents in Scotland and Sweden

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Maxwell, Gregor; Granlund, Mats

      2011-01-01

      This study approaches inclusive schools by looking at how conditions for participation are expressed for pupils with additional support needs in education policy documents in Sweden and Scotland. By using five dimensions of the environment--availability, accessibility, affordability, accommodability and acceptability--expressions of conditions for…

    11. Electronic Document Management Using Inverted Files System

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Suhartono, Derwin; Setiawan, Erwin; Irwanto, Djon

      2014-03-01

      The amount of documents increases so fast. Those documents exist not only in a paper based but also in an electronic based. It can be seen from the data sample taken by the SpringerLink publisher in 2010, which showed an increase in the number of digital document collections from 2003 to mid of 2010. Then, how to manage them well becomes an important need. This paper describes a new method in managing documents called as inverted files system. Related with the electronic based document, the inverted files system will closely used in term of its usage to document so that it can be searched over the Internet using the Search Engine. It can improve document search mechanism and document save mechanism.

    12. A System for Information Documentation and Control

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Klinger, Dennis M.; Taggart, William M. Jr.

      1974-01-01

      Southeast Regional Data Center (SERDAC) has an operational Information Documentation and Control System that provides the documentation and control necessary for SERDAC to implement an organizational data base to support its many applications. (Author)

    13. 49 CFR 1104.2 - Document specifications.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-10-01

      ... documents that may be included. Ink must be dark enough to provide substantial contrast for scanning and... spreadsheets are not susceptible to scanning, but oversized documents, such as oversized maps and...

    14. 49 CFR 1104.2 - Document specifications.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-10-01

      ... documents that may be included. Ink must be dark enough to provide substantial contrast for scanning and... spreadsheets are not susceptible to scanning, but oversized documents, such as oversized maps and...

    15. 49 CFR 1104.2 - Document specifications.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-10-01

      ... documents that may be included. Ink must be dark enough to provide substantial contrast for scanning and... spreadsheets are not susceptible to scanning, but oversized documents, such as oversized maps and...

    16. Section 508 Electronic Documents: Making Word Docs

      NASA Video Gallery

      Section 508 training video for Electronic Documents on making Word documents accessible for conversion to PDF. This video is part of a series of training sessions that was delivered at Ames Researc...

    17. Exercise Compliance. A Data Documentation System.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Scherf, Joanne; Franklin, Barry A.

      1987-01-01

      The Cardiovascular Fitness and Rehabilitation Program of Sinai Hospital of Detroit implemented an exercise compliance data documentation system in 1984 which is used in its outpatient gymnasium cardiac fitness and rehabilitation program. This documentation system is described. (MT)

    18. DRINKING WATER CRITERIA DOCUMENT FOR PSEUDOMONAS

      EPA Science Inventory

      This document presents the occurrence, health effects and effects of water treatment on the bacterium. The document was developed in support of the unregulated contaminants and the Total Coliform Rule.

    19. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

      SciTech Connect

      2009-05-01

      Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

    20. Comparison of historical documents for writership

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ball, Gregory R.; Pu, Danjun; Stritmatter, Roger; Srihari, Sargur N.

      2010-01-01

      Over the last century forensic document science has developed progressively more sophisticated pattern recognition methodologies for ascertaining the authorship of disputed documents. These include advances not only in computer assisted stylometrics, but forensic handwriting analysis. We present a writer verification method and an evaluation of an actual historical document written by an unknown writer. The questioned document is compared against two known handwriting samples of Herman Melville, a 19th century American author who has been hypothesized to be the writer of this document. The comparison led to a high confidence result that the questioned document was written by the same writer as the known documents. Such methodology can be applied to many such questioned documents in historical writing, both in literary and legal fields.

    1. Multi-camera system for 3D forensic documentation.

      PubMed

      Leipner, Anja; Baumeister, Rilana; Thali, Michael J; Braun, Marcel; Dobler, Erika; Ebert, Lars C

      2016-04-01

      Three-dimensional (3D) surface documentation is well established in forensic documentation. The most common systems include laser scanners and surface scanners with optical 3D cameras. An additional documentation tool is photogrammetry. This article introduces the botscan© (botspot GmbH, Berlin, Germany) multi-camera system for the forensic markerless photogrammetric whole body 3D surface documentation of living persons in standing posture. We used the botscan© multi-camera system to document a person in 360°. The system has a modular design and works with 64 digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) cameras. The cameras were evenly distributed in a circular chamber. We generated 3D models from the photographs using the PhotoScan© (Agisoft LLC, St. Petersburg, Russia) software. Our results revealed that the botscan© and PhotoScan© produced 360° 3D models with detailed textures. The 3D models had very accurate geometries and could be scaled to full size with the help of scale bars. In conclusion, this multi-camera system provided a rapid and simple method for documenting the whole body of a person to generate 3D data with Photoscan©. PMID:26921815

    2. Redeye: A Digital Library for Forensic Document Triage

      SciTech Connect

      Bogen, Paul Logasa; McKenzie, Amber T; Gillen, Rob

      2013-01-01

      Forensic document analysis has become an important aspect of investigation of many different kinds of crimes from money laundering to fraud and from cybercrime to smuggling. The current workflow for analysts includes powerful tools, such as Palantir and Analyst s Notebook, for moving from evidence to actionable intelligence and tools for finding documents among the millions of files on a hard disk, such as FTK. However, the analysts often leave the process of sorting through collections of seized documents to filter out the noise from the actual evidence to a highly labor-intensive manual effort. This paper presents the Redeye Analysis Workbench, a tool to help analysts move from manual sorting of a collection of documents to performing intelligent document triage over a digital library. We will discuss the tools and techniques we build upon in addition to an in-depth discussion of our tool and how it addresses two major use cases we observed analysts performing. Finally, we also include a new layout algorithm for radial graphs that is used to visualize clusters of documents in our system.

    3. Oak Ridge Environmental Information System (OREIS) functional system design document

      SciTech Connect

      Birchfield, T.E.; Brown, M.O.; Coleman, P.R.

      1994-03-01

      The OREIS Functional System Design document provides a detailed functional description of the Oak Ridge Environmental Information System (OREIS). It expands the system requirements defined in the OREIS Phase 1-System Definition Document (ES/ER/TM-34). Documentation of OREIS development is based on the Automated Data Processing System Development Methodology, a Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., procedure written to assist in developing scientific and technical computer systems. This document focuses on the development of the functional design of the user interface, which includes the integration of commercial applications software. The data model and data dictionary are summarized briefly; however, the Data Management Plan for OREIS (ES/ER/TM-39), a companion document to the Functional System Design document, provides the complete data dictionary and detailed descriptions of the requirements for the data base structure. The OREIS system will provide the following functions, which are executed from a Menu Manager: (1) preferences, (2) view manager, (3) macro manager, (4) data analysis (assisted analysis and unassisted analysis), and (5) spatial analysis/map generation (assisted ARC/INFO and unassisted ARC/INFO). Additional functionality includes interprocess communications, which handle background operations of OREIS.

    4. UMTRA Project document control system manual

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1994-09-01

      This manual defines the Project Document Control System (PDCS) operated by the US DOE Uranium Mill tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) project Office. The purpose of the PDCS is to provide an active and continuing program for acquiring, controlling, retaining, retrieving, retiring and disposing of all UMTRA Project documents. The PDCS also provides guidance and coordination in transferring documents by various UMTRA Projection document control centers to a central location.

    5. Federal Register Document Image Database, Volume 1

      National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

      NIST Federal Register Document Image Database, Volume 1 (PC database for purchase)   NIST has produced a new document image database for evaluating document analysis and recognition technologies and information retrieval systems. NIST Special Database 25 contains page images from the 1994 Federal Register and much more.

    6. 18 CFR 5.2 - Document availability.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Document availability. 5.2 Section 5.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... Document availability. (a) Pre-application document. (1) From the date a potential license applicant...

    7. 18 CFR 5.2 - Document availability.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Document availability. 5.2 Section 5.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... Document availability. (a) Pre-application document. (1) From the date a potential license applicant...

    8. 18 CFR 5.2 - Document availability.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Document availability. 5.2 Section 5.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... Document availability. (a) Pre-application document. (1) From the date a potential license applicant...

    9. 18 CFR 5.2 - Document availability.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Document availability. 5.2 Section 5.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION... Document availability. (a) Pre-application document. (1) From the date a potential license applicant...

    10. 7 CFR 650.11 - Environmental documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... by the CEQ regulations (40 CFR 1502.10). The environmental impact statement should indicate those... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Environmental documents. 650.11 Section 650.11....11 Environmental documents. (a) NRCS is to use the following documents in compliance with NEPA...

    11. Technical basis document for external events

      SciTech Connect

      OBERG, B.D.

      2003-03-22

      This document supports the Tank Farms Documented Safety Analysis and presents the technical basis for the frequencies of externally initiated accidents. The consequences of externally initiated events are discussed in other documents that correspond to the accident that was caused by the external event. The external events include aircraft crash, vehicle accident, range fire, and rail accident.

    12. 32 CFR 239.12 - Tax Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Tax Documentation. 239.12 Section 239.12...) MISCELLANEOUS HOMEOWNERS ASSISTANCE PROGRAM-APPLICATION PROCESSING § 239.12 Tax Documentation. For disbursed funds, tax documents will be certified by HQUSACE Finance Center, and distributed to applicants and...

    13. 20 CFR 405.333 - Submitting documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Submitting documents. 405.333 Section 405.333... DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.333 Submitting documents. All documents prepared and submitted by you, i.e., not including medical or other evidence that is prepared by persons other than...

    14. 36 CFR 800.11 - Documentation standards.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-07-01

      ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Documentation standards. 800... PROTECTION OF HISTORIC PROPERTIES The section 106 Process § 800.11 Documentation standards. (a) Adequacy of... this subpart, the documentation standards regarding description of historic properties may be...

    15. 10 CFR 603.1020 - File documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false File documents. 603.1020 Section 603.1020 Energy... Reporting Information About the Award § 603.1020 File documents. The award file should include an analysis..., the file must document the analysis required (see § 603.560) to set the fixed level of Federal...

    16. Full Service Document Delivery: Our Likely Future.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Saldinger, Jeffrey

      1984-01-01

      Focuses on five issues of central concern to full-service document suppliers (provide on-demand delivery of any material, without limitations of subject, document type, or publication date) and their clients: end user access, ownership versus access, cooperation of all document suppliers, technology, and speed of access. (EJS)

    17. 40 CFR 1506.4 - Combining documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Combining documents. 1506.4 Section 1506.4 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY OTHER REQUIREMENTS OF NEPA § 1506.4 Combining documents. Any environmental document in compliance with NEPA may be combined with any...

    18. 25 CFR 2.13 - Filing documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... receive mail in the immediate office of the official, or (2) By mail to the facility officially designated for receipt of mail addressed to the official; the document is considered filed by mail on the date... shall forward the document to the proper office promptly. If a person delivers an appeal document to...

    19. 25 CFR 2.13 - Filing documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... receive mail in the immediate office of the official, or (2) By mail to the facility officially designated for receipt of mail addressed to the official; the document is considered filed by mail on the date... shall forward the document to the proper office promptly. If a person delivers an appeal document to...

    20. 25 CFR 2.13 - Filing documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... receive mail in the immediate office of the official, or (2) By mail to the facility officially designated for receipt of mail addressed to the official; the document is considered filed by mail on the date... shall forward the document to the proper office promptly. If a person delivers an appeal document to...

    1. 25 CFR 2.13 - Filing documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... receive mail in the immediate office of the official, or (2) By mail to the facility officially designated for receipt of mail addressed to the official; the document is considered filed by mail on the date... shall forward the document to the proper office promptly. If a person delivers an appeal document to...

    2. 25 CFR 2.13 - Filing documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... receive mail in the immediate office of the official, or (2) By mail to the facility officially designated for receipt of mail addressed to the official; the document is considered filed by mail on the date... shall forward the document to the proper office promptly. If a person delivers an appeal document to...

    3. Organising European technical documentation to avoid duplication.

      PubMed

      Donawa, Maria

      2006-04-01

      The development of comprehensive accurate and well-organised technical documentation that demonstrates compliance with regulatory requirements is a resource-intensive, but critically important activity for medical device manufacturers. This article discusses guidance documents and method of organising technical documentation that may help avoid costly and time-consuming duplication. PMID:16736662

    4. Computation of term dominance in text documents

      DOEpatents

      Bauer, Travis L.; Benz, Zachary O.; Verzi, Stephen J.

      2012-04-24

      An improved entropy-based term dominance metric useful for characterizing a corpus of text documents, and is useful for comparing the term dominance metrics of a first corpus of documents to a second corpus having a different number of documents.

    5. 10 CFR 71.113 - Document control.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Document control. 71.113 Section 71.113 Energy NUCLEAR....113 Document control. The licensee, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC shall establish measures to control the issuance of documents such as instructions, procedures, and drawings,...

    6. 10 CFR 71.113 - Document control.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Document control. 71.113 Section 71.113 Energy NUCLEAR....113 Document control. The licensee, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC shall establish measures to control the issuance of documents such as instructions, procedures, and drawings,...

    7. 10 CFR 72.152 - Document control.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Document control. 72.152 Section 72.152 Energy NUCLEAR... Document control. The licensee, applicant for a license, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC shall establish measures to control the issuance of documents such as instructions, procedures, and...

    8. 10 CFR 72.152 - Document control.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Document control. 72.152 Section 72.152 Energy NUCLEAR... Document control. The licensee, applicant for a license, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC shall establish measures to control the issuance of documents such as instructions, procedures, and...

    9. AgRISTARS documents tracking list report

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hawkins, J. L.

      1983-01-01

      A quarterly listing of documents issued and placed in the AgRISTARS tracking system is provided. The technical publications are arranged by type of documents. The reference AgRISTARS document number, title and date of publication, the issuing organization, and the National Technical Information Service reference number is given.

    10. 22 CFR 42.65 - Supporting documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Application for Immigrant Visas § 42.65 Supporting documents. (a) Authority to... establish the alien's eligibility to receive an immigrant visa. All such documents submitted and...

    11. 22 CFR 42.65 - Supporting documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Application for Immigrant Visas § 42.65 Supporting documents. (a) Authority to... establish the alien's eligibility to receive an immigrant visa. All such documents submitted and...

    12. 22 CFR 42.65 - Supporting documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Application for Immigrant Visas § 42.65 Supporting documents. (a) Authority to... establish the alien's eligibility to receive an immigrant visa. All such documents submitted and...

    13. 46 CFR Sec. 10 - Lost documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-10-01

      ... TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Documents Sec. 10 Lost documents. In the event of the loss of documents, photostat, carbon, or other suitable copies may be substituted therefor, in which event the following certification shall be placed on such copies: I certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, this is...

    14. 46 CFR Sec. 10 - Lost documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-10-01

      ... TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Documents Sec. 10 Lost documents. In the event of the loss of documents, photostat, carbon, or other suitable copies may be substituted therefor, in which event the following certification shall be placed on such copies: I certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, this is...

    15. 46 CFR Sec. 10 - Lost documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-10-01

      ... TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Documents Sec. 10 Lost documents. In the event of the loss of documents, photostat, carbon, or other suitable copies may be substituted therefor, in which event the following certification shall be placed on such copies: I certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, this is...

    16. 46 CFR Sec. 10 - Lost documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-10-01

      ... TRANSACTIONS UNDER AGENCY AGREEMENTS Documents Sec. 10 Lost documents. In the event of the loss of documents, photostat, carbon, or other suitable copies may be substituted therefor, in which event the following certification shall be placed on such copies: I certify that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, this is...

    17. Fuzzy Set Theoretical Approach to Document Retrieval.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Radecki, Tadeusz

      1979-01-01

      Presents a new method of document retrieval based on the fundamental operations of fuzzy set theory. Basic notions are introduced. Then the syntax and semantics of the proposed language for document retrieval is given, and an algorithm allocating documents to particular queries is described and its properties are discussed. (Author/CWM)

    18. Documentation and Communication in Swedish Preschools

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Emilson, Anette; Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid

      2014-01-01

      The aim of this study is to investigate communication between preschool teachers and children in documentation situations. The focus is also on what preschool teachers actually document. The research questions are: What characterizes the communication between teachers and children when these teachers are documenting at the same time? What is the…

    19. 46 CFR 154.1820 - Shipping document.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-10-01

      ... 46 Shipping 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Shipping document. 154.1820 Section 154.1820 Shipping... FOR SELF-PROPELLED VESSELS CARRYING BULK LIQUEFIED GASES Operations § 154.1820 Shipping document. No person may operate a vessel without carrying a shipping document in the wheelhouse that lists for...

    20. 10 CFR 72.152 - Document control.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Document control. 72.152 Section 72.152 Energy NUCLEAR... Document control. The licensee, applicant for a license, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC shall establish measures to control the issuance of documents such as instructions, procedures, and...

    1. 10 CFR 71.113 - Document control.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Document control. 71.113 Section 71.113 Energy NUCLEAR....113 Document control. The licensee, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC shall establish measures to control the issuance of documents such as instructions, procedures, and drawings,...

    2. 40 CFR 68.39 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Documentation. 68.39 Section 68.39... ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Hazard Assessment § 68.39 Documentation. The owner or operator shall... passive mitigation that were assumed to limit the quantity that could be released. Documentation...

    3. 36 CFR 800.11 - Documentation standards.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Documentation standards. 800... PROTECTION OF HISTORIC PROPERTIES The section 106 Process § 800.11 Documentation standards. (a) Adequacy of documentation. The agency official shall ensure that a determination, finding, or agreement under the...

    4. 12 CFR 616.6400 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Documentation. 616.6400 Section 616.6400 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LEASING § 616.6400 Documentation. Each institution must document that any asset it leases is within its statutory authority....

    5. 7 CFR 352.4 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Documentation. 352.4 Section 352.4 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PLANT QUARANTINE SAFEGUARD REGULATIONS § 352.4 Documentation. (a) Manifest... for examination a complete manifest or other documentation from which the inspector may...

    6. 33 CFR 105.120 - Compliance documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance documentation. 105.120... SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: FACILITIES General § 105.120 Compliance documentation. Each facility owner or... documentation are available at the facility and are made available to the Coast Guard upon request: (a)...

    7. 5 CFR 536.403 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Documentation. 536.403 Section 536.403... and Miscellaneous Provisions § 536.403 Documentation. The application of the provisions of this part... minimum this documentation will include a copy of the letter described in § 536.404....

    8. 12 CFR 1410.7 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Documentation. 1410.7 Section 1410.7 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION PREMIUMS § 1410.7 Documentation. Each insured bank shall... and records documentation supporting its certified statement for a period no less than 5...

    9. 5 CFR 844.203 - Supporting documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Supporting documentation. 844.203 Section... § 844.203 Supporting documentation. (a) An individual or agency filing an application for disability... whatever documentation OPM requires in order to determine whether the individual meets the...

    10. 19 CFR 10.24 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Documentation. 10.24 Section 10.24 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... with United States Components § 10.24 Documentation. (a) Documents required. The following...

    11. 33 CFR 104.120 - Compliance documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance documentation. 104.120... SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY: VESSELS General § 104.120 Compliance documentation. (a) Each vessel owner or... maintain the documentation described in paragraphs (a)(1), (2), or (3) of this section. The letter...

    12. 36 CFR 216.5 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Documentation. 216.5 Section... PUBLIC IN THE FORMULATION OF FOREST SERVICE DIRECTIVES § 216.5 Documentation. The responsible Forest... reasons therefor, in a concise written summary. The summary may be combined with documentation required...

    13. 32 CFR 555.8 - Program documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Program documentation. 555.8 Section 555.8 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND... TESTS, WORK FOR OTHERS § 555.8 Program documentation. Program documentation will be submitted...

    14. 34 CFR 668.57 - Acceptable documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acceptable documentation. 668.57 Section 668.57... Application Information § 668.57 Acceptable documentation. (a) Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), income earned from... applicant, the documentation set forth in paragraph (a)(4) of this section if the individual for the...

    15. 38 CFR 59.30 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Documentation. 59.30... STATES FOR CONSTRUCTION OR ACQUISITION OF STATE HOMES § 59.30 Documentation. For a State to obtain a grant and grant funds under this part, the State must submit to VA documentation that the site of...

    16. 23 CFR 774.7 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Documentation. 774.7 Section 774.7 Highways FEDERAL..., WILDLIFE AND WATERFOWL REFUGES, AND HISTORIC SITES (SECTION 4(F)) § 774.7 Documentation. (a) A Section 4(f) evaluation prepared under § 774.3(a) shall include sufficient supporting documentation to demonstrate...

    17. 33 CFR 106.115 - Compliance documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-07-01

      ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance documentation. 106.115... documentation. Each OCS facility owner or operator subject to this part must ensure before July 1, 2004, that copies of the following documentation are available at the OCS facility and are made available to...

    18. 29 CFR 1919.90 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-07-01

      ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Documentation. 1919.90 Section 1919.90 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification of Shore-Based Material Handling Devices § 1919.90 Documentation. (a) Documents issued respecting...

    19. Teletex Based Electronic Document Delivery (Project HERMES).

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Amy, Susan J.

      1985-01-01

      Project HERMES is characterized by participation of publishers, industrial and public libraries, and national government, and by use of Teletex for both document ordering and delivery. Provision of three facilities (electronic document ordering and delivery, automatic document delivery, electronic mail) to pilot group of 60 organizations is…

    20. Consumer Vehicle Choice Model Documentation

      SciTech Connect

      Liu, Changzheng; Greene, David L

      2012-08-01

      In response to the Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions standards, automobile manufacturers will need to adopt new technologies to improve the fuel economy of their vehicles and to reduce the overall GHG emissions of their fleets. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed the Optimization Model for reducing GHGs from Automobiles (OMEGA) to estimate the costs and benefits of meeting GHG emission standards through different technology packages. However, the model does not simulate the impact that increased technology costs will have on vehicle sales or on consumer surplus. As the model documentation states, “While OMEGA incorporates functions which generally minimize the cost of meeting a specified carbon dioxide (CO2) target, it is not an economic simulation model which adjusts vehicle sales in response to the cost of the technology added to each vehicle.” Changes in the mix of vehicles sold, caused by the costs and benefits of added fuel economy technologies, could make it easier or more difficult for manufacturers to meet fuel economy and emissions standards, and impacts on consumer surplus could raise the costs or augment the benefits of the standards. Because the OMEGA model does not presently estimate such impacts, the EPA is investigating the feasibility of developing an adjunct to the OMEGA model to make such estimates. This project is an effort to develop and test a candidate model. The project statement of work spells out the key functional requirements for the new model.

    1. NEMS integrating module documentation report

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1993-12-14

      The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system that produces a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand in the US energy markets. The model achieves a supply and demand balance in the end-use demand regions, defined as the nine Census Divisions, by solving for the prices of each energy type such that the quantities producers are willing to supply equal the quantities consumers wish to consume. The system reflects market economics, industry structure, and energy policies and regulations that influence market behavior. The NEMS Integrating Module is the central integrating component of a complex modeling system. As such, a thorough understanding of its role in the modeling process can only be achieved by placing it in the proper context with respect to the other modules. To that end, this document provides an overview of the complete NEMS model, and includes brief descriptions of the modules with which the Integrating Module interacts. The emphasis and focus, however, is on the structure and function of the Integrating Module of NEMS.

    2. Basis Document for Sludge Stabilization

      SciTech Connect

      RISENMAY, H.R.

      2001-06-18

      DOE-RL recently issued Safety Evaluation Report (SER) amendments to the PFP Final Safety Analysis Report, HNF-SD-CP-SAR-021 Rev. 2. The Justification for Continued Operations for 2736-ZB and plutonium oxides in BTCs Safety Basis change (letter DOE-RL ABD-074) was approved by one of the SERs. Also approved by SER was the revised accident analysis for Magnesium Hydroxide Precipitation Process (MHPP) gloveboxes HC-230C-3 and HC-230C-5 containing increased glovebox inventories and corresponding increases in seismic release consequence. Numerous implementing documents require revision and issuance to implement the SER approvals. The SER authorizing plutonium oxides into BTCs specifically limited the SER authorization scope to ''pure or clean oxides, i.e., 85 wt% or grater Pu, in this feed change'' (SER Section 3.0 Base Information paragraph 4 [page 11]). Comprehensive USQ Evaluation PFP-2001-12 addressed the packaging of Pu alloy metals into BTCs, and the packaging of Pu alloy oxides (powders) into food pack cans and determined that the activities did not represent an USQ. The same information used to make the PFP-2001-12 negative USQ determination is applicable to packaging Pu alloy powders (DOES NOT INCLUDE STABILIZED MHPP MATERIALS OR OXIDES OF MOLYBDATES) into BTCs. Information from USQ Evaluation PFP-2001-12 is included in this USQ Evaluation for packaging of relatively pure Pu oxides and Pu alloy oxides into BTCs.

    3. SURFACE GEOPHYSICAL EXPLORATION - COMPENDIUM DOCUMENT

      SciTech Connect

      RUCKER DF; MYERS DA

      2011-10-04

      This report documents the evolution of the surface geophysical exploration (SGE) program and highlights some of the most recent successes in imaging conductive targets related to past leaks within and around Hanford's tank farms. While it is noted that the SGE program consists of multiple geophysical techniques designed to (1) locate near surface infrastructure that may interfere with (2) subsurface plume mapping, the report will focus primarily on electrical resistivity acquisition and processing for plume mapping. Due to the interferences from the near surface piping network, tanks, fences, wells, etc., the results of the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of electrical resistivity was more representative of metal than the high ionic strength plumes. Since the first deployment, the focus of the SGE program has been to acquire and model the best electrical resistivity data that minimizes the influence of buried metal objects. Toward that goal, two significant advances have occurred: (1) using the infrastructure directly in the acquisition campaign and (2) placement of electrodes beneath the infrastructure. The direct use of infrastructure was successfully demonstrated at T farm by using wells as long electrodes (Rucker et al., 2010, 'Electrical-Resistivity Characterization of an Industrial Site Using Long Electrodes'). While the method was capable of finding targets related to past releases, a loss of vertical resolution was the trade-off. The burying of electrodes below the infrastructure helped to increase the vertical resolution, as long as a sufficient number of electrodes are available for the acquisition campaign.

    4. Mechanical flexible joint design document

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Daily, Vic

      1993-01-01

      The purpose of this report is to document the status of the Mechanical Flexible Joint (MFJ) Design Subtask with the intent of halting work on the design. Recommendations for future work is included in the case that the task is to be resumed. The MFJ is designed to eliminate two failure points from the current flex joint configuration, the inner 'tripod configuration' and the outer containment jacket. The MFJ will also be designed to flex 13.5 degrees and have three degrees of freedom. By having three degrees of freedom, the MFJ will allow the Low Pressure Fuel Duct to twist and remove the necessity to angulate the full 11 degrees currently required. The current flex joints are very labor intensive and very costly and a simple alternative is being sought. The MFJ is designed with a greater angular displacement, with three degrees of freedom, to reside in the same overall envelope, to meet weight constraints of the current bellows, to be compatible with cryogenic fuel and oxidizers, and also to be man-rated.

    5. Ecological studies related to construction of the Defense Waste Processing Facility on the Savannah River Site

      SciTech Connect

      Scott, D.E.; Pechmann, J.H.K.; Knox, J.N.; Estes, R.A.; McGregor, J.H.; Bailey, K.

      1988-12-01

      The Savannah River Ecology Laboratory has completed 10 years of ecological studies related to the construction of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) on the Savannah River Site. This progress report examines water quality studies on streams peripheral to the DWPF construction site and examines the effectiveness of refuge ponds'' in ameliorating the effects of construction on local amphibians. Individual papers on these topics are indexed separately. 93 refs., 15 figs., 15 tabs. (MHB)

    6. GENII Version 2 Software Design Document

      SciTech Connect

      Napier, Bruce A.; Strenge, Dennis L.; Ramsdell, James V.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Fosmire, Christian J.

      2004-03-08

      This document describes the architectural design for the GENII-V2 software package. This document defines details of the overall structure of the software, the major software components, their data file interfaces, and specific mathematical models to be used. The design represents a translation of the requirements into a description of the software structure, software components, interfaces, and necessary data. The design focuses on the major components and data communication links that are key to the implementation of the software within the operating framework. The purpose of the GENII-V2 software package is to provide the capability to perform dose and risk assessments of environmental releases of radionuclides. The software also has the capability of calculating environmental accumulation and radiation doses from surface water, groundwater, and soil (buried waste) media when an input concentration of radionuclide in these media is provided. This report represents a detailed description of the capabilities of the software product with exact specifications of mathematical models that form the basis for the software implementation and testing efforts. This report also presents a detailed description of the overall structure of the software package, details of main components (implemented in the current phase of work), details of data communication files, and content of basic output reports. The GENII system includes the capabilities for calculating radiation doses following chronic and acute releases. Radionuclide transport via air, water, or biological activity may be considered. Air transport options include both puff and plume models, each allow use of an effective stack height or calculation of plume rise from buoyant or momentum effects (or both). Building wake effects can be included in acute atmospheric release scenarios. The code provides risk estimates for health effects to individuals or populations; these can be obtained using the code by applying

    7. Supplemental design requirements document, Project W026. Revision 3

      SciTech Connect

      Weidert, J.R.

      1993-10-08

      This document supplements and extends the Functional Design Criteria, SP-W026-FDC-001, for the Waste Receiving and Processing Facility (WRAP), Module 1. It provides additional detailed requirements, summarizes key Westinghouse Hanford Company design guidance, and establishes baseline technical agreements to be used in definitive design of the WRAP-1 facility. Revision 3 of the Supplemental Design Requirements Document has been assigned an Impact Level of 3ESQ based on the content of the entire revision. The actual changes made from Revision 2 have an Impact Level of 3S and the basis for these changes was previously reviewed and approved per WHC correspondence No. 9355770.

    8. Language and Program for Documenting Software Design

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Kleine, H.; Zepko, T. M.

      1986-01-01

      Software Design and Documentation Language (SDDL) provides effective communication medium to support design and documentation of complex software applications. SDDL supports communication among all members of software design team and provides for production of informative documentation on design effort. Use of SDDL-generated document to analyze design makes it possible to eliminate many errors not detected until coding and testing attempted. SDDL processor program translates designer's creative thinking into effective document for communication. Processor performs as many automatic functions as possible, freeing designer's energy for creative effort. SDDL processor program written in PASCAL.

    9. Document image database indexing with pictorial dictionary

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Akbari, Mohammad; Azimi, Reza

      2010-02-01

      In this paper we introduce a new approach for information retrieval from Persian document image database without using Optical Character Recognition (OCR).At first an attribute called subword upper contour label is defined then, a pictorial dictionary is constructed based on this attribute for the subwords. By this approach we address two issues in document image retrieval: keyword spotting and retrieval according to the document similarities. The proposed methods have been evaluated on a Persian document image database. The results have proved the ability of this approach in document image information retrieval.

    10. Automatic system for computer program documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Simmons, D. B.; Elliott, R. W.; Arseven, S.; Colunga, D.

      1972-01-01

      Work done on a project to design an automatic system for computer program documentation aids was made to determine what existing programs could be used effectively to document computer programs. Results of the study are included in the form of an extensive bibliography and working papers on appropriate operating systems, text editors, program editors, data structures, standards, decision tables, flowchart systems, and proprietary documentation aids. The preliminary design for an automated documentation system is also included. An actual program has been documented in detail to demonstrate the types of output that can be produced by the proposed system.

    11. Comparison of Two ``Document Similarity Search Engines''

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Poinçot, Phillipe; Lesteven, Soizick; Murtagh, Fionn

      We have developed and used the ``CDS document map'' based on neural networks (Kohonen maps) http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/A+A/map.pl In this self-organizing map, documents are gradually clustered by subject themes. The tool is based on keywords associated with the documents. For one selected document, we locate it on the CDS document map and retrieve articles clustered in the same area. The second search engine, used by the ADS (NASA Astrophysics Data System http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr http://adswww.harvard.edu http://ads.nao.ac.jp, has the capability to find all similar abstracts in the ADS database, with ``keyword request''. We have compared the results of the document similarity search engines, using the same set of documents. One example will be described and results will be discussed.

    12. Performance evaluation methodology for historical document image binarization.

      PubMed

      Ntirogiannis, Konstantinos; Gatos, Basilis; Pratikakis, Ioannis

      2013-02-01

      Document image binarization is of great importance in the document image analysis and recognition pipeline since it affects further stages of the recognition process. The evaluation of a binarization method aids in studying its algorithmic behavior, as well as verifying its effectiveness, by providing qualitative and quantitative indication of its performance. This paper addresses a pixel-based binarization evaluation methodology for historical handwritten/machine-printed document images. In the proposed evaluation scheme, the recall and precision evaluation measures are properly modified using a weighting scheme that diminishes any potential evaluation bias. Additional performance metrics of the proposed evaluation scheme consist of the percentage rates of broken and missed text, false alarms, background noise, character enlargement, and merging. Several experiments conducted in comparison with other pixel-based evaluation measures demonstrate the validity of the proposed evaluation scheme. PMID:23008259

    13. Machine printed text and handwriting identification in noisy document images.

      PubMed

      Zheng, Yefeng; Li, Huiping; Doermann, David

      2004-03-01

      In this paper, we address the problem of the identification of text in noisy document images. We are especially focused on segmenting and identifying between handwriting and machine printed text because: 1) Handwriting in a document often indicates corrections, additions, or other supplemental information that should be treated differently from the main content and 2) the segmentation and recognition techniques requested for machine printed and handwritten text are significantly different. A novel aspect of our approach is that we treat noise as a separate class and model noise based on selected features. Trained Fisher classifiers are used to identify machine printed text and handwriting from noise and we further exploit context to refine the classification. A Markov Random Field-based (MRF) approach is used to model the geometrical structure of the printed text, handwriting, and noise to rectify misclassifications. Experimental results show that our approach is robust and can significantly improve page segmentation in noisy document collections. PMID:15376881

    14. Ensemble methods with simple features for document zone classification

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Obafemi-Ajayi, Tayo; Agam, Gady; Xie, Bingqing

      2012-01-01

      Document layout analysis is of fundamental importance for document image understanding and information retrieval. It requires the identification of blocks extracted from a document image via features extraction and block classification. In this paper, we focus on the classification of the extracted blocks into five classes: text (machine printed), handwriting, graphics, images, and noise. We propose a new set of features for efficient classifications of these blocks. We present a comparative evaluation of three ensemble based classification algorithms (boosting, bagging, and combined model trees) in addition to other known learning algorithms. Experimental results are demonstrated for a set of 36503 zones extracted from 416 document images which were randomly selected from the tobacco legacy document collection. The results obtained verify the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed set of features in comparison to the commonly used Ocropus recognition features. When used in conjunction with the Ocropus feature set, we further improve the performance of the block classification system to obtain a classification accuracy of 99.21%.

    15. EXPLORING THE LIMITS OF ADDITIVITY

      EPA Science Inventory

      The EPA has published several documents describing methods to perform health risk assessment of chemical mixtures (U.S. EPA, 1986; 2000) in which three approaches (i.e, actual mixture, similar mixture or component-based) to quantifying health risk for a chemical mixture are recom...

    16. Electronic document delivery using the Internet.

      PubMed

      Bennett, V M; Palmer, E M

      1994-04-01

      The Health Sciences Libraries Consortium (HSLC) was established in 1985 by thirteen founding member institutions in Pennsylvania and Delaware. In 1989, the Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery, and Union List Task Force, appointed by the HSLC Board of Directors, successfully demonstrated the feasibility of supplying 94% of all interlibrary loan (ILL) photocopy requests in forty-eight hours or less by a network application of group 3-level memory telefacsimiles. However, the expenses associated with the telefacsimile operation and the limitations associated with network polling protocols challenged participants to seek new alternatives for ILL. In 1990, the HSLC introduced HSLC HealthNET, an online wide-area network linking eleven of the thirteen institutions and their resources while providing access to the Internet. The HSLC HealthNET additionally supports a centralized shared library system, several locally mounted databases, and consortiumwide electronic mail. In 1991, a project was initiated to evaluate Ariel software, pioneered by the Research Libraries Group (RLG), compared to the existing network application of group 3-level telefacsimiles. Factors identified as critical to Ariel's potential to replace the telefacsimile network were the proprietary software specifications for Internet access, the use of HSLC's existing wide-area network (WAN), and a hardware platform that was optimal for an ILL environment. This article describes the Ariel project history, the transition to Ariel from the telefacsimile network, evaluation of equipment features for processing efficiency, and operational issues affecting ILL policy. PMID:8004018

    17. Electronic document delivery using the Internet.

      PubMed Central

      Bennett, V M; Palmer, E M

      1994-01-01

      The Health Sciences Libraries Consortium (HSLC) was established in 1985 by thirteen founding member institutions in Pennsylvania and Delaware. In 1989, the Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery, and Union List Task Force, appointed by the HSLC Board of Directors, successfully demonstrated the feasibility of supplying 94% of all interlibrary loan (ILL) photocopy requests in forty-eight hours or less by a network application of group 3-level memory telefacsimiles. However, the expenses associated with the telefacsimile operation and the limitations associated with network polling protocols challenged participants to seek new alternatives for ILL. In 1990, the HSLC introduced HSLC HealthNET, an online wide-area network linking eleven of the thirteen institutions and their resources while providing access to the Internet. The HSLC HealthNET additionally supports a centralized shared library system, several locally mounted databases, and consortiumwide electronic mail. In 1991, a project was initiated to evaluate Ariel software, pioneered by the Research Libraries Group (RLG), compared to the existing network application of group 3-level telefacsimiles. Factors identified as critical to Ariel's potential to replace the telefacsimile network were the proprietary software specifications for Internet access, the use of HSLC's existing wide-area network (WAN), and a hardware platform that was optimal for an ILL environment. This article describes the Ariel project history, the transition to Ariel from the telefacsimile network, evaluation of equipment features for processing efficiency, and operational issues affecting ILL policy. PMID:8004018

    18. Integration of Geodata in Documenting Castle Ruins

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Delis, P.; Wojtkowska, M.; Nerc, P.; Ewiak, I.; Lada, A.

      2016-06-01

      Textured three dimensional models are currently the one of the standard methods of representing the results of photogrammetric works. A realistic 3D model combines the geometrical relations between the structure's elements with realistic textures of each of its elements. Data used to create 3D models of structures can be derived from many different sources. The most commonly used tool for documentation purposes, is a digital camera and nowadays terrestrial laser scanning (TLS). Integration of data acquired from different sources allows modelling and visualization of 3D models historical structures. Additional aspect of data integration is possibility of complementing of missing points for example in point clouds. The paper shows the possibility of integrating data from terrestrial laser scanning with digital imagery and an analysis of the accuracy of the presented methods. The paper describes results obtained from raw data consisting of a point cloud measured using terrestrial laser scanning acquired from a Leica ScanStation2 and digital imagery taken using a Kodak DCS Pro 14N camera. The studied structure is the ruins of the Ilza castle in Poland.

    19. Learning probabilistic document template models via interaction

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ahmadullin, Ildus; Damera-Venkata, Niranjan

      2013-03-01

      Document aesthetics measures are key to automated document composition. Recently we presented a probabilistic document model (PDM) which is a micro-model for document aesthetics based on a probabilistic modeling of designer choice in document design. The PDM model comes with efficient layout synthesis algorithms once the aesthetic model is defined. A key element of this approach is an aesthetic prior on the parameters of a template encoding aesthetic preferences for template parameters. Parameters of the prior were required to be chosen empirically by designers. In this work we show how probabilistic template models (and hence the PDM cost function) can be learnt directly by observing a designer making design choices in composing sample documents. From such training data our learning approach can learn a quality measure that can mimic some of the design tradeoffs a designer makes in practice.

    20. AVLIS documentation overview and tables of contents

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1984-11-15

      Three documents constitute the executive summary series in Data Package III: this document (Documentation Overview and Tables of Contents (E001)) plus the AVLIS Production Plant Executive Summary (E010) and the AVLIS Production Plant Overall Design Report (E020). They provide progressively greater detail on the key information and conclusions contained within the data package. The Executive Summary and Overall Design Report present summaries of each Data Package III document. They are intended to provide a global overview of AVLIS Production Plant deployment including program planning, project management, schedules, engineering design, production, operations, capital cost, and operating cost. The purpose of Overview and Tables of Contents is threefold: to briefly review AVLIS goals for Data Package III documentation, to present an overview of the contents of the data package, and to provide a useful guide to information contained in the numerous documents comprising the package.

    1. Developing a section labeler for clinical documents.

      PubMed

      Haug, Peter J; Wu, Xinzi; Ferraro, Jeffery P; Savova, Guergana K; Huff, Stanley M; Chute, Christopher G

      2014-01-01

      Natural language processing (NLP) technologies provide an opportunity to extract key patient data from free text documents within the electronic health record (EHR). We are developing a series of components from which to construct NLP pipelines. These pipelines typically begin with a component whose goal is to label sections within medical documents with codes indicating the anticipated semantics of their content. This Clinical Section Labeler prepares the document for further, focused information extraction. Below we describe the evaluation of six algorithms designed for use in a Clinical Section Labeler. These algorithms are trained with N-gram-based feature sets extracted from document sections and the document types. In the evaluation, 6 different Bayesian models were trained and used to assign one of 27 different topics to each section. A tree-augmented Bayesian network using the document type and N-grams derived from section headers proved most accurate in assigning individual sections appropriate section topics. PMID:25954369

    2. Good documentation practice in clinical research

      PubMed Central

      Bargaje, Chitra

      2011-01-01

      One of the most common inspection findings in investigator site inspections is lack of reliable, accurate and adequate source documentation. This also happens to be the most common pitfall identified during sponsor audits. The importance of good documentation practice needs to be emphasized to investigator sites to ensure that the study results are built on the foundation of credible and valid data. This article focuses on the key principles of good documentation practice and offers suggestions for improvement. PMID:21731856

    3. AgRISTARS documents tracking list report

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hawkins, J. L.

      1982-01-01

      A quarterly listing of those documents and related publications that have been issued and placed in the AgRISTARS tracking system is presented. The Tracking List Report provides a catalog, by project, of technical publications arranged by type of document and gives the reference AgRISTARS document numbers, title and date of publication, the issuing organization, and the National Technical Information Service reference number.

    4. Kennedy Space Center network documentation system

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Lohne, William E.; Schuerger, Charles L.

      1995-01-01

      The Kennedy Space Center Network Documentation System (KSC NDS) is being designed and implemented by NASA and the KSC contractor organizations to provide a means of network tracking, configuration, and control. Currently, a variety of host and client platforms are in use as a result of each organization having established its own network documentation system. The solution is to incorporate as many existing 'systems' as possible in the effort to consolidate and standardize KSC-wide documentation.

    5. Software design and documentation language, revision 1

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Kleine, H.

      1979-01-01

      The Software Design and Documentation Language (SDDL) developed to provide an effective communications medium to support the design and documentation of complex software applications is described. Features of the system include: (1) a processor which can convert design specifications into an intelligible, informative machine-reproducible document; (2) a design and documentation language with forms and syntax that are simple, unrestrictive, and communicative; and (3) methodology for effective use of the language and processor. The SDDL processor is written in the SIMSCRIPT II programming language and is implemented on the UNIVAC 1108, the IBM 360/370, and Control Data machines.

    6. Public Document Room file classification system

      SciTech Connect

      Not Available

      1982-06-01

      This listing contains detailed descriptions of the file classification system for documents available from the Public Document Room (PDR) of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. As a public service branch of the agency, the PDR maintains facilities for receiving, processing, storing, and retrieving documents which NRC generates or receives in performing its regulatory function. Unlike a library, the PDR does not maintain collections of formally published materials, such as books, monographs, serials, periodicals, or general indexes. The documents on file at the PDR can be reports, written records of meetings (transcripts), existing or proposed regulations, the text of licenses or their amendments, and correspondence.

    7. Implications of applying biometrics to travel documents

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      van Renesse, Rudolf L.

      2002-04-01

      The Dutch government currently considers the decentralized storage of the enrolled template of the document holder on a chip embedded in the travel-document in order to allow biometric verification if the document is presented by the rightful holder. The main purpose of the intended biometric application is combating the misuse of travel-documents by look-alikes. Because travel-documents simultaneously function as identity documents, this misuse not only involves border crossing but also acquiring services from government, municipality and the private sector. This paper recognizes some inherent problems: (1) due to human factors, false reject rates will expectedly be considerable, and look-alikes will claim to be falsely rejected (2) the look-alike may sabotage the biometric functionality of the travel-document and (3) the enrolment process may be fraudulently frustrated. Partial solutions are layered biometrics and centralized storage of personalized templates in the registers of travel-documents or their semi-centralized storage in municipal registers. The usefulness of decentralized storage of biometric templates on travel-documents is discussed.

    8. Forensic document analysis using scanning microscopy

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Shaffer, Douglas K.

      2009-05-01

      The authentication and identification of the source of a printed document(s) can be important in forensic investigations involving a wide range of fraudulent materials, including counterfeit currency, travel and identity documents, business and personal checks, money orders, prescription labels, travelers checks, medical records, financial documents and threatening correspondence. The physical and chemical characterization of document materials - including paper, writing inks and printed media - is becoming increasingly relevant for law enforcement agencies, with the availability of a wide variety of sophisticated commercial printers and copiers which are capable of producing fraudulent documents of extremely high print quality, rendering these difficult to distinguish from genuine documents. This paper describes various applications and analytical methodologies using scanning electron miscoscopy/energy dispersive (x-ray) spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and related technologies for the characterization of fraudulent documents, and illustrates how their morphological and chemical profiles can be compared to (1) authenticate and (2) link forensic documents with a common source(s) in their production history.

    9. An automated system for generating program documentation

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Hanney, R. J.

      1970-01-01

      A documentation program was developed in which the emphasis is placed on text content rather than flowcharting. It is keyword oriented, with 26 keywords that control the program. Seventeen of those keywords are recognized by the flowchart generator, three are related to text generation, and three have to do with control card and deck displays. The strongest advantage offered by the documentation program is that it produces the entire document. The document is prepared on 35mm microfilm, which is easy to store, and letter-size reproductions can be made inexpensively on bond paper.

    10. MCRT user's guide and documentation

      SciTech Connect

      Jackson, K.J.; Wolery, T.J.; Bourcier, W.L.; Delany, J.M.; Moore, R.M.; Clinnick, M.L.; Lundeen, S.R.

      1988-04-14

      MCRT is a FORTRAN computer program used to generate computer files containing thermodynamic data for chemical reactions involving solids, gases, and aqueous species. The MCRT code uses basic thermodynamic and reaction stoichiometry information stored in data and input files to produce an output file containing a grid describing the temperature dependence of equilibrium constants of mineral hydrolysis reactions and aqueous dissociation reactions. These reaction properties comprise a critical portion of the thermodynamic data needed by the geochemical modeling codes in the EQ3/6* software package. The set of files used to store the thermodynamic data for the aqueous, solid, and gaseous species and associated FORTRAN data base manipulation codes are also described in this user's manual. However, the data base structure and use of the data manipulation programs are described only in enough detail to illustrate their relationship to the operation of the MCRT code. This user's guide is designed to acquaint a new user with the MCRT program and its associated data files, and to assist in the use of the code and its various options. The data base processing codes MDAP and DARP are briefly described and several sample runs of the programs are included to illustrate the options available. In addition, the structure of the MCRT code, the coding conventions used in the EQ3/6 package, and the methods used in MCRT to extrapolate thermodynamic data to elevated temperatures are described. Appendices contain descriptions of the important variables defined in MCRT and a glossary of subroutines called by MCRT, along with their purposes. 6 figs.

    11. 27 CFR 19.677 - Large plant applications-organizational documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Large plant applications-organizational documents. 19.677 Section 19.677 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX... Fuel Use Obtaining A Permit § 19.677 Large plant applications—organizational documents. In addition...

    12. Incorporation of additives into polymers

      DOEpatents

      McCleskey, T. Mark; Yates, Matthew Z.

      2003-07-29

      There has been invented a method for incorporating additives into polymers comprising: (a) forming an aqueous or alcohol-based colloidal system of the polymer; (b) emulsifying the colloidal system with a compressed fluid; and (c) contacting the colloidal polymer with the additive in the presence of the compressed fluid. The colloidal polymer can be contacted with the additive by having the additive in the compressed fluid used for emulsification or by adding the additive to the colloidal system before or after emulsification with the compressed fluid. The invention process can be carried out either as a batch process or as a continuous on-line process.

    13. Deciphering the roles of multiple additives in organocatalyzed Michael additions.

      PubMed

      Günler, Z Inci; Companyó, Xavier; Alfonso, Ignacio; Burés, Jordi; Jimeno, Ciril; Pericàs, Miquel A

      2016-05-21

      The synergistic effects of multiple additives (water and acetic acid) on the asymmetric Michael addition of acetone to nitrostyrene catalyzed by primary amine-thioureas (PAT) were precisely determined. Acetic acid facilitates hydrolysis of the imine intermediates, thus leading to catalytic behavior, and minimizes the formation of the double addition side product. In contrast, water slows down the reaction but minimizes catalyst deactivation, eventually leading to higher final yields. PMID:27128165

    14. Dynamic reduction of dimensions of a document vector in a document search and retrieval system

      DOEpatents

      Jiao, Yu; Potok, Thomas E.

      2011-05-03

      The method and system of the invention involves processing each new document (20) coming into the system into a document vector (16), and creating a document vector with reduced dimensionality (17) for comparison with the data model (15) without recomputing the data model (15). These operations are carried out by a first computer (11) while a second computer (12) updates the data model (18), which can be comprised of an initial large group of documents (19) and is premised on the computing an initial data model (13, 14, 15) to provide a reference point for determining document vectors from documents processed from the data stream (20).

    15. Survey and critique of studies related to shift length variations in nursing from 1970 to 1993.

      PubMed

      Bernreuter, M; Sullivan, M

      1995-04-01

      The purpose of this study was to describe the current status, stage of staffing change, and findings of research relating to shift length variations in nursing. This was accomplished through a review of the literature to (a) evaluate the quality of the research, (b) summarize and draw conclusions related to variations in nursing shift length, and (c) identify gaps in the literature for the purpose of making recommendations for future studies related to nursing shift length variations. Multiple methods were utilized for locating potential studies to include in this project. Smith and Stullenbarger's (1991) Quality of Study instrument was used to rate the studies. None of the research reviewed explicitly identified a conceptual or theoretical framework or model, and few studies could be classified as scientifically rigorous. This study illuminates the state of the art and findings related to length of shift variations in nursing, and as such has implications for practice and research in nursing service administration. PMID:7790158

    16. Inverted File Compression through Document Identifier Reassignment.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Shieh, Wann-Yun; Chen, Tien-Fu; Shann, Jean Jyh-Jiun; Chung, Chung-Ping

      2003-01-01

      Discusses the use of inverted files in information retrieval systems and proposes a document identifier reassignment method to reduce the average gap values in an inverted file. Highlights include the d-gap technique; document similarity; heuristic algorithms; file compression; and performance evaluation from a simulation environment. (LRW)

    17. 10 CFR 55.27 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Medical Requirements § 55.27 Documentation. The facility licensee shall document and maintain the results of medical qualifications data, test results, and each operator's or senior operator's medical history for the current license period and provide...

    18. 18 CFR 5.2 - Document availability.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Document availability. 5.2 Section 5.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT INTEGRATED LICENSE APPLICATION PROCESS § 5.2 Document availability. (a)...

    19. A Structured Model for Software Documentation.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Swigger, Keith

      The concept of "structured programming" was developed to facilitate software production, but it has not carried over to documentation design. Two concepts of structure are relevant to user documentation for computer programs. The first is based on programming techniques that emphasize decomposition of tasks into discrete modules, while the second…

    20. Scientific challenges underlying production document processing

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Saund, Eric

      2011-01-01

      The Field of Document Recognition is bipolar. On one end lies the excellent work of academic institutions engaging in original research on scientifically interesting topics. On the other end lies the document recognition industry which services needs for high-volume data capture for transaction and back-office applications. These realms seldom meet, yet the need is great to address technical hurdles for practical problems using modern approaches from the Document Recognition, Computer Vision, and Machine Learning disciplines. We reflect on three categories of problems we have encountered which are both scientifically challenging and of high practical value. These are Doctype Classification, Functional Role Labeling, and Document Sets. Doctype Classification asks, "What is the type of page I am looking at?" Functional Role Labeling asks, "What is the status of text and graphical elements in a model of document structure?" Document Sets asks, "How are pages and their contents related to one another?" Each of these has ad hoc engineering approaches that provide 40-80% solutions, and each of them begs for a deeply grounded formulation both to provide understanding and to attain the remaining 20-60% of practical value. The practical need is not purely technical but also depends on the user experience in application setup and configuration, and in collection and groundtruthing of sample documents. The challenge therefore extends beyond the science behind document image recognition and into user interface and user experience design.

    1. 12 CFR 1410.7 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Documentation. 1410.7 Section 1410.7 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION PREMIUMS § 1410.7 Documentation. Each insured bank shall: (a) Prepare and maintain accurate and complete records as necessary to prepare certified...

    2. Online Collaborative Documents for Research and Coursework.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Murphy, Karen L.; Cifuentes, Lauren; Shih, Yu-Chih Doris

      Online collaborative documents can be used effectively for conducting collaborative research and for learning collaboratively via the Internet. Collaborative documents are dedicated online workspaces that allow individuals or groups to use the Internet to share their work with others, edit it, and finalize it. This paper identifies Basic Support…

    3. PFP MICON DCS computer software documentation

      SciTech Connect

      Silvan, G.R.

      1996-03-26

      This document contains the complete printout of the MICON A/S system configuration used in the Plutonium Finishing Plant. The document is divided into several volumes. Volume 1 covers the workstation display and configuration. All other volumes contain the controller configurations, or programs.

    4. Russian for Business: Typewriting and Documents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Berry, Thomas E.

      This textbook was designed for undergraduate students who are interested in a basic study of Russian typewriting with particular emphasis on the following business documents: the memorandum, applications, statements, declarations, business letters, receipts, calculations, agreements, inquiries, references, certificates, basic documents used for…

    5. 30 CFR 1229.124 - Documentation standards.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-07-01

      ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Documentation standards. 1229.124 Section 1229... standards. Every audit performed by a State under a delegation of authority must meet certain documentation standards. In particular, detailed workpapers must be developed and maintained. (a) Workpapers are...

    6. 10 CFR 603.1020 - File documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false File documents. 603.1020 Section 603.1020 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Executing the Award Reporting Information About the Award § 603.1020 File documents. The award file should include an analysis which: (a) Briefly describes the...

    7. 10 CFR 603.1020 - File documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false File documents. 603.1020 Section 603.1020 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Executing the Award Reporting Information About the Award § 603.1020 File documents. The award file should include an analysis which: (a) Briefly describes the...

    8. 7 CFR 1740.10 - Grant documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Grant documents. 1740.10 Section 1740.10 Agriculture... PUBLIC TELEVISION STATION DIGITAL TRANSITION GRANT PROGRAM Public Television Station Digital Transition Grant Program § 1740.10 Grant documents. The terms and conditions of each grant shall be set forth...

    9. 7 CFR 1740.10 - Grant documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant documents. 1740.10 Section 1740.10 Agriculture... PUBLIC TELEVISION STATION DIGITAL TRANSITION GRANT PROGRAM Public Television Station Digital Transition Grant Program § 1740.10 Grant documents. The terms and conditions of each grant shall be set forth...

    10. 27 CFR 41.234 - Corporate documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Corporate documents. 41.234 Section 41.234 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Processed Tobacco § 41.234 Corporate documents. Every corporation that files an application for a permit...

    11. 27 CFR 40.494 - Corporate documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Corporate documents. 40.494 Section 40.494 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Processed Tobacco § 40.494 Corporate documents. Every corporation that files an application for a permit...

    12. 27 CFR 40.494 - Corporate documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Corporate documents. 40.494 Section 40.494 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Processed Tobacco § 40.494 Corporate documents. Every corporation that files an application for a permit...

    13. 27 CFR 41.193 - Corporate documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Corporate documents. 41.193 Section 41.193 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU..., AND PROCESSED TOBACCO Tobacco Products Importers § 41.193 Corporate documents. Every...

    14. 27 CFR 41.234 - Corporate documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Corporate documents. 41.234 Section 41.234 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Processed Tobacco § 41.234 Corporate documents. Every corporation that files an application for a permit...

    15. Facing the Limitations of Electronic Document Handling.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Moralee, Dennis

      1985-01-01

      This essay addresses problems associated with technology used in the handling of high-resolution visual images in electronic document delivery. Highlights include visual fidelity, laser-driven optical disk storage, electronics versus micrographics for document storage, videomicrographics, and system configurations and peripherals. (EJS)

    16. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    17. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    18. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    19. 21 CFR 312.145 - Guidance documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUG APPLICATION Miscellaneous § 312.145 Guidance documents. (a) FDA has... Evaluation and Research (CBER) maintain lists of guidance documents that apply to the centers'...

    20. 43 CFR 4.401 - Documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-10-01

      ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Documents. 4.401 Section 4.401 Public... Special Rules Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Appeals Procedures § 4.401 Documents. (a... the title to which is claimed or is in the process of acquisition under any public land law...

    1. Ariel on the Internet: Enhanced Document Delivery.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bennett, Valerie M.; Palmer, Eileen M.

      1993-01-01

      Compares the use of a telefacsimile network and the Internet-based software, Ariel, for interlibrary loan document delivery in the Health Sciences Libraries Consortium. Topics discussed include document processing efficiency, impact of the Ariel workstations on interlibrary loan procedures, interlibrary loan policies, and possible prototype…

    2. Designing Environments to Facilitate Observation and Documentation

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Ernst, Johnna Darragh

      2010-01-01

      The importance of daily child observation and documentation in early childhood programs has been well established. Observing and documenting children's ongoing learning and development provides rich information about how they view, process, and interact with their world. This information, in turn, guides curricular planning, implementation, and…

    3. Analyzing Document Retrievability in Patent Retrieval Settings

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Bashir, Shariq; Rauber, Andreas

      Most information retrieval settings, such as web search, are typically precision-oriented, i.e. they focus on retrieving a small number of highly relevant documents. However, in specific domains, such as patent retrieval or law, recall becomes more relevant than precision: in these cases the goal is to find all relevant documents, requiring algorithms to be tuned more towards recall at the cost of precision. This raises important questions with respect to retrievability and search engine bias: depending on how the similarity between a query and documents is measured, certain documents may be more or less retrievable in certain systems, up to some documents not being retrievable at all within common threshold settings. Biases may be oriented towards popularity of documents (increasing weight of references), towards length of documents, favour the use of rare or common words; rely on structural information such as metadata or headings, etc. Existing accessibility measurement techniques are limited as they measure retrievability with respect to all possible queries. In this paper, we improve accessibility measurement by considering sets of relevant and irrelevant queries for each document. This simulates how recall oriented users create their queries when searching for relevant information. We evaluate retrievability scores using a corpus of patents from US Patent and Trademark Office.

    4. 23 CFR 1340.5 - Documentation requirements.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-04-01

      ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Documentation requirements. 1340.5 Section 1340.5 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION UNIFORM CRITERIA FOR STATE OBSERVATIONAL SURVEYS OF SEAT BELT USE § 1340.5 Documentation requirements. All sample...

    5. Alternatives for Science Education: A Consultative Document.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Association for Science Education, Cambridge (England).

      Prepared by a small working party established under the auspices of the Education (Research) Committee of the Association for Science Education, this consultative document provides information for educational administrators and science teachers who are concerned with the place of science in education. Part one of the document reviews the…

    6. 12 CFR 308.107 - Document discovery.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Document discovery. 308.107 Section 308.107... PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE General Rules of Procedure § 308.107 Document discovery. (a) Parties to proceedings set forth at § 308.01 of the Uniform Rules and as provided in the Local Rules may obtain...

    7. 12 CFR 308.107 - Document discovery.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Document discovery. 308.107 Section 308.107... PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE General Rules of Procedure § 308.107 Document discovery. (a) Parties to proceedings set forth at § 308.01 of the Uniform Rules and as provided in the Local Rules may obtain...

    8. 12 CFR 308.107 - Document discovery.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Document discovery. 308.107 Section 308.107... PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE General Rules of Procedure § 308.107 Document discovery. (a) Parties to proceedings set forth at § 308.01 of the Uniform Rules and as provided in the Local Rules may obtain...

    9. A Wisconsin Postsecondary Guide to Disability Documentation

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education, 2004

      2004-01-01

      This article presents a Wisconsin post-secondary guide to disability documentation. The guide will assist organizations to determine their role in understanding needed documentation for students with disabilities transitioning from PK-12 to Wisconsin postsecondary education. This Guide provides the following: (1) Summary of Applicable Laws; (2)…

    10. 23 CFR 1340.5 - Documentation requirements.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Documentation requirements. 1340.5 Section 1340.5 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION UNIFORM CRITERIA FOR STATE OBSERVATIONAL SURVEYS OF SEAT BELT USE § 1340.5 Documentation requirements. All sample design, data collection, and estimation procedures...

    11. 'Bibliography' and 'Documentation': Words and Ideas.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Woledge, G.

      1983-01-01

      This paper begins by discussing the term "bibliography" in light of Rudolf Blum's exhaustively learned treatise, and continues with an original exposition on "documentation." Authors who contributed to the development of the meaning of "documentation" are cited. Sixty-nine references are included. (EJS)

    12. Quality Documentation and Records in Engineering Education.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sarin, Sanjiv

      This paper discusses the importance of documentation and records in the administration of a engineering program. The new trends in academic program evaluation for accreditation indicate an ever increasing role of documented procedures and systematic data collection and reporting to support curriculum reform. The paper also recommends a…

    13. Watergate. Documents from the National Archives.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

      The documents in this package focus on the three basic questions raised by Watergate: (1) Should President Nixon have been impeached?; (2) Should he have been prosecuted?; and (3) Should he have been pardoned? These documents do not begin to tell the whole story of Watergate, but they do suggest some of the issues involved. "Suggestions for…

    14. Software for Better Documentation of Other Software

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Pinedo, John

      2003-01-01

      The Literate Programming Extraction Engine is a Practical Extraction and Reporting Language- (PERL-)based computer program that facilitates and simplifies the implementation of a concept of self-documented literate programming in a fashion tailored to the typical needs of scientists. The advantage for the programmer is that documentation and source code are written side-by-side in the same file, reducing the likelihood that the documentation will be inconsistent with the code and improving the verification that the code performs its intended functions. The advantage for the user is the knowledge that the documentation matches the software because they come from the same file. This program unifies the documentation process for a variety of programming languages, including C, C++, and several versions of FORTRAN. This program can process the documentation in any markup language, and incorporates the LaTeX typesetting software. The program includes sample Makefile scripts for automating both the code-compilation (when appropriate) and documentation-generation processes into a single command-line statement. Also included are macro instructions for the Emacs display-editor software, making it easy for a programmer to toggle between editing in a code or a documentation mode.

    15. Negotiating the Digital Library: Document Delivery.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Jacobs, Neil; Morris, Anne

      1999-01-01

      The eLib-funded FIDDO (Focused Investigation of Document Delivery Options) project provides library managers/others with information to support policy decisions. Senior libraries were interviewed about the future of document delivery and interviews were analyzed with the support of NUD*IST (Nonnumerical Unstructured Data by Indexing, Searching and…

    16. NASA STI Program Seminar: Electronic documents

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      1994-01-01

      The theme of this NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program Seminar was electronic documents. Topics covered included Electronic Documents Management at the CASI, the Impact of Electronic Publishing on User Expectations and Searching Image Record Management, Secondary Publisher Considerations for Electronic Journal Literature, and the Technical Manual Publishing On Demand System (TMPODS).

    17. 19 CFR 10.307 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-04-01

      ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Documentation. 10.307 Section 10.307 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement § 10.307 Documentation. (a) Claims for...

    18. 10 CFR 55.27 - Documentation.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ... REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Medical Requirements § 55.27 Documentation. The facility licensee shall document and maintain the results of medical qualifications data, test results, and each operator's or senior operator's medical history for the current license period and provide...

    19. Documentation and Development. Experience in Algeria

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Tchuigoua, J. Founou

      1972-01-01

      A description of the activities of the Documentation, Library and Archives Department of the Algiers Chamber of Commerce and Industry, which is run by a small staff on a modest budget, provides documentation services for the staff of the Chamber of Commerce and also assists other centers in Algeria. (Author)

    20. 12 CFR 19.100 - Filing documents.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing documents. 19.100 Section 19.100 Banks... Procedural Rules for OCC Adjudications § 19.100 Filing documents. All materials required to be filed with or... with the Hearing Clerk, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, 250 E Street, SW., Washington,...