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1

Clinical evaluation of serum concentrations of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in patients with colorectal cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Abstract Abstract Abstract AIM: To investigate the correlation between the serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and the clinicopathologic features and to evaluate the possible prognostic significance of sICAM-1 concentration in colorectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 56 patients (mean age 57.3 years) having transitional cell carcinoma of the colorectal and 25 control patients (mean age 42.6 years) were

Xu Kang; Fang Wang; Jin-Dong Xie; Jun Cao; Pei-Zhong Xian

2005-01-01

2

Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and clinical outcomes in patients with acute lung injury  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine if levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), a marker of alveolar epithelial and endothelial injury, differ in patients with hydrostatic pulmonary edema and acute lung injury (ALI) and are associated with clinical outcomes in patients with ALI. Design, setting, and participants Measurement of sICAM-1 levels in (1) plasma and edema fluid from 67 patients with either hydrostatic pulmonary edema or ALI enrolled in an observational, prospective single center study, and (2) in plasma from 778 patients with ALI enrolled in a large multi-center randomized controlled trial of ventilator strategy. Results In the single-center study, levels of sICAM-1 were significantly higher in both edema fluid and plasma (median 938 and 545 ng/ml, respectively) from ALI patients compared to hydrostatic edema patients (median 384 and 177 ng/ml, P < 0.03 for both comparisons). In the multi-center study, higher plasma sICAM-1 levels were associated with poor clinical outcomes in both unadjusted and multivariable models. Subjects with ALI whose plasma sICAM-1 levels increased over the first 3 days of the study had a higher risk of death, after adjusting for other important predictors of outcome (odds ratio 1.48; 95% CI 1.03–2.12, P = 0.03). Conclusions Both plasma and edema fluid levels of sICAM-1 are higher in patients with ALI than in patients with hydrostatic pulmonary edema. Higher plasma sICAM-1 levels and increasing sICAM-1 levels over time are associated with poor clinical outcomes in ALI. Measurement of sICAM-1 levels may be useful for identifying patients at highest risk of poor outcomes from ALI. PMID:18670758

Eisner, Mark D.; Parsons, Polly E.; Thompson, B. Taylor; Conner, Edward R.; Matthay, Michael A.; Ware, Lorraine B.

2009-01-01

3

Association of sICAM-1 and MCP-1 with coronary artery calcification in families enriched for coronary heart disease or hypertension: the NHLBI Family Heart Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Data accumulated from mouse studies and in vitro studies of human arteries support the notion that soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) play important roles in the inflammation process involved in atherosclerosis. However, at the population level, the utility of sICAM-1 and MCP-1 as biomarkers for subclinical atherosclerosis is less clear. In the follow-up exam

Weihong Tang; James S Pankow; J Jeffrey Carr; Russell P Tracy; Suzette J Bielinski; Kari E North; Paul N Hopkins; Aldi T Kraja; Donna K Arnett

2007-01-01

4

Elevated levels of serum sICAM-1 in asphyxiated low birth weight newborns  

PubMed Central

Perinatal hypoxia results in neuronal and endothelial cell damage. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) expression and peripheral blood changes in perinatal asphyxia with neuronal injury markers in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. We compared the concentrations of serum sICAM-1, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and antibodies specific for NR2 glutamate receptors in 29 asphyxiated and 20 control infants using standard enzyme immunoassay procedures. The mean total concentrations of sICAM-1 and neuron-specific proteins (NSE and NR2-specific antibodies) were higher in the asphyxiated infants than in the control infants. The serum sICAM-1 concentrations significantly correlated with Apgar scoring and with the pH and lactate data from capillary or arterial cord blood. No significant correlation between serum concentrations of neuron specific proteins and blood changes of asphyxia was found. Therefore, endothelial sICAM-1 expression levels might be accepted as an indicator of the severity of perinatal asphyxia in LBW infants. PMID:25358349

Huseynova, Saadat; Panakhova, Nushaba; Orujova, Pusta; Hasanov, Safikhan; Guliyev, Mehman; Orujov, Agil

2014-01-01

5

The clinical usefulness of assessing the concentration of cell adhesion molecules sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 in the serum of women with primary breast cancer  

PubMed Central

Aim of the study Assessment of the concentrations of the soluble forms of the cell adhesion molecules sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 in serum of female breast cancer patients. These concentrations were assessed in relation to factors such as: age, clinical stage of disease, histological grade of malignancy, the status of the local axillary lymph nodes, and the size of the primary tumour. Material and methods A total of 103 patients with primary breast cancer, aged 29 to 89 years, were investigated. The control group consisted of 40 healthy women. The concentration of sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 was assessed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results The results of the study suggest that the level of sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 in the serum of women with breast cancer was significantly higher than that seen in the serum of healthy women. A relationship between the level of adhesion molecules and the stage of clinical disease advancement was discovered. There was a correlation between the increasing concentrations of sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 and with the aggressiveness of the disease. Significant differences were also found in the group of women with metastases to the axillary lymph nodes and women with no metastasis. Similar correlations were found between sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 levels and the size of primary tumour. Conclusions The results obtained suggest that the assessment of the soluble forms of sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 may be useful indicators in the assessment of the clinical advancement of breast cancer.

Baszczuk, Aleksandra; Kopczynski, Zygmunt; Nowak, Adrianna; Grodecka-Gazdecka, Sylwia

2014-01-01

6

Serum levels of soluble platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 are decreased in subjects with autism spectrum disorder  

PubMed Central

Background Adhesion molecules, such as platelet-endothelial adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), platelet selectin (P-selectin), endothelial selectin (E-selectin), intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), are localized on the membranes of activated platelets and leukocytes and on the vascular endothelium. Recently, we measured serum levels of soluble (s) forms of adhesion molecules in adults,18 to 26 years old, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and observed low levels of sPECAM-1 and sP-selectin. A subsequent study showed a similar result in children two to four years old with ASD. However, information about school age (five to seventeen years old) ASD subjects is required to determine whether adhesion molecules are also reduced in individuals with ASD in this age range. Findings Twenty-two subjects with high-functioning ASD and 29 healthy age-matched controls were recruited. ELISA was used for sPECAM-1, and a suspension array system was used for sP-selectin, sE-selectin, sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 measurements. We found that serum levels of sPECAM-1 (U = 91.0, P<0.0001 by Mann–Whitney U test) and sVCAM-1 (U = 168.0, P = 0.0042) were significantly lower in ASD subjects than in controls. Subsequently, we examined the correlations between serum levels of either sPECAM-1 or sVCAM-1 and clinical variables including Autism Diagnostic Interview - Revised subscores and our previous cytokine profile data from the same ASD subjects. However, we did not find any significant correlations between them. Conclusions The present results, taken together with previous results, suggest that sPECAM-1 may play a role in the generation and development of ASD, beginning in childhood and lasting until adulthood. PMID:23773279

2013-01-01

7

A Comparative Study of Serum Level of Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1(ICAM-1) and High Sensitive C - reactive protein (hs-CRP) in Normal and Pre-eclamptic Pregnancies  

PubMed Central

Objective(s): Pre-eclampsia is characterized by hypertension, dyslipidemia, and increased systemic inflammatory response and has been associated with an increased maternal risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. Endothelial dysfunction is thought to be a central pathogenic feature in pre-eclampsia on the basis of elevated adhesion molecules. The aim of this study was to determine the level of plasma serum level of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1), high sensitive C- reactive protein (hs-CRP) in pre-eclampsia and to compare hs-CRP levels between normal pregnant women, mild and severe pre-eclampsia. Materials and Methods : A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the plasma concentrations of sVCAM-1, ICAM-1 and hs-CRP in peripheral blood obtained from normal pregnant women (n=40), mild pre-eclampsia (n=37) and severe pre-eclampsia (n=38). Concentrations of soluble adhesion molecule was determined with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: There were significant difference in the means serum hs-CRP between normal pregnant women and mild pre-eclamptic women (P<0.05). Serum concentration of hs-CRP, sVCAM-1(ng.ml) and sICAM-1(ng.ml) were significantly higher in severe pre-eclampsia (P<0.05) than normal pregnancy. There were also significant differences in hs-CRP, s ICAM- 1 and in sVCAM- 1 levels between mild and severe pre-eclampsia (P<0.05). There was no difference in the mean plasma log sVCAM-1, sICAM-1 between normal pregnant women and mild pre-eclamptic women. Conclusion: We have determined the serum concentration of soluble adhesion molecule ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and hsCRP in normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia. Adhesion molecule is elevated in severe pre-eclampsia compared with normal pregnancy, hsCRP are elevated in severe preeclampsia compared with mild preeclampsia and normal pregnancy and may be useful in predicting the severity of pre-eclampsia. PMID:23826490

Farzadnia, Mehdi; Ayatollahi, Hossein; Hasan-zade, Maliheh; Rahimi, Hamid Reza

2013-01-01

8

The Expression of Endothelial Leukocyte Adhesion Molecule1 (ELAM1), Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 (ICAM-1), and Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule1 (VCAM-1) in Experimental Cutaneous Inflammation: A Comparison of Ultraviolet B erythema and Delayed Hypersensitivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Endothelial cell adhesion molecule-I (ELAM-i), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) are cytokine-regulated cell surface molecules involved in leukocyte adhesion. We have studied two forms of cutaneous inflammation to investigate in vivo the kinetics of adhesion molecule expression in relation to tissue accumulation of leukocytes. Immunohistology was performed on skin biopsies taken from human volunteers at

Paul Norris; Robin N. Poston; D. Sian Thomas; Martin Thornhill; John Hawk; Dorian O. Haskard

1991-01-01

9

Carbohydrate ligands for endothelial - Leukocyte adhesion molecule 1  

SciTech Connect

The acute inflammatory response requires that circulating leukocytes bind to and penetrate the vascular wall to access the site of injury. Several receptors have been implicated in this interaction, including a family of putative carbohydrate-binding proteins. The authors report here the identification of an endogenous carbohydrate ligand for one of these receptors, endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1). Radiolabeled COS cells transfected with a plasmid containing the cDNA for ELAM-1 were used as probes to screen glycolipids extracted from human leukocytes. COS cells transfected with this plasmid adhered to a subset of sialylated glycolipids resolved on TLC plates or adsorbed on polyvinyl chloride microtiter wells. Adhesion to these glycolipids required calcium but was not inhibited by heparin, chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate, or yeast phosphomannan. Monosaccharide composition, linkage analysis, and fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry of the glycolipids indicate that the ligands for ELAM-1 are terminally sialylated lactosylceramides with a variable number of N-acetyllactosamine repeats and at least one fucosylated N-acetylglucosamine residue.

Tiemeyer, M.; Swiedler, S.J.; Ishihara, Masayuki; Moreland, M.; Schweingruber, H.; Hirtzer, P.; Brandley, B.K. (Glycomed, Inc., Alameda, CA (United States))

1991-02-15

10

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 Suppression in Skin by Topical Delivery of AntiSense Oligonucleotides  

Microsoft Academic Search

We topically applied 20 nucleotide phosphorothioate intercellular adhesion molecule-1 anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotide in a cream formulation. It effectively inhibited tumor necrosis factor-?-induced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in human skin transplanted on severe compromised immunodeficient mice. The effects were concentration dependent, sequence specific, and resulted from reduction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA levels in the skin. Intravenous administration of the drug

Rahul C. Mehta; Kimberly K. Stecker; Scott R. Cooper; Michael V. Templin; Yali J. Tsai; Thomas P. Condon; C. Frank Bennett; Gregory E. Hardee

2000-01-01

11

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Knockout Abrogates Radiation Induced Pulmonary Inflammation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1; CD54) is induced by exposure to ionizing radiation. The lung was used as a model to study the role of ICAM-1 in the pathogenesis of the radiation-induced inflammation-like response. ICAM-1 expression increased in the pulmonary microvascular endothelium and not in the endothelium of larger pulmonary vessels following treatment of mice with thoracic irradiation. To quantify radiation-induced ICAM-1 expression, we utilized fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis of anti-ICAM-1 antibody labeling of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells from human cadaver donors (HMVEC-L cells). Fluorochrome conjugates and UV microscopy were used to quantify the fluorescence intensity of ICAM in the irradiated lung. These studies showed a dose- and time-dependent increase in ICAM-1 expression in the pulmonary microvascular endothelium. Peak expression occurred at 24 h, while threshold dose was as low as 2 Gy. To determine whether ICAM-1 is required for inflammatory cell infiltration into the irradiated lung, the anti-ICAM-1 blocking antibody was administered by tail vein injection to mice following thoracic irradiation. Inflammatory cells were quantified by immunofluorescence for leukocyte common antigen (CD45). Mice treated with the anti-ICAM-1 blocking antibody showed attenuation of inflammatory cell infiltration into the lung in response to ionizing radiation exposure. To verify the requirement of ICAM-1 in the inflammation-like radiation response, we utilized the ICAM-1 knockout mouse. ICAM-1 was not expressed in the lungs of ICAM-1-deficient mice following treatment with thoracic irradiation. ICAM-1 knockout mice had no increase in the inflammatory cell infiltration into the lung in response to thoracic irradiation. These studies demonstrate a radiation dose-dependent increase in ICAM-1 expression in the pulmonary microvascular endothelium, and show that ICAM-1 is required for inflammatory cell infiltration into the irradiated lung.

Hallahan, Dennis E.; Virudachalam, Subbulakshmi

1997-06-01

12

Increased Plasma and Endothelial Cell Expression of Chemokines and Adhesion Molecules in Chronic Kidney Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemokines and adhesion molecules are involved in early events of atherogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the uremic milieu on the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-8 (IL-8), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and their relationship to cardiovascular status. Plasma samples were obtained from patients in different stages of

A. E. M. Stinghen; S. M. Gonçalves; E. G. Martines; L. S. Nakao; M. C. Riella; C. A. Aita; R. Pecoits-Filho

2009-01-01

13

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression in murine lupus nephritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression in murine lupus nephritis. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is a cell surface protein which mediates adherence of inflammatory cells to target cells by binding with the ?1-integrin ligand Very Late Antigen-4 (VLA-4) on leukocytes. The expression of VCAM-1 was investigated in a murine model of lupus nephritis, the autoimmune MRL\\/lpr mouse. Compared with

Rudolf P Wuthrich; Tracey L Snyder

1992-01-01

14

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 (ICAM-1) in the Pathogenesis of Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airway eosinophilia, epithelial desquamation, and hyperresponsiveness are characteristics of the airway inflammation underlying bronchial asthma. The contribution of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) to eosinophil migration and airway responsiveness was studied. ICAM-1 partially mediated eosinophil adhesion to endothelium in vitro and was upregulated on inflamed bronchial endothelium in vivo. ICAM-1 expression was also upregulated on inflamed airway epithelium in vitro and

Craig D. Wesgner; Robert H. Gundel; Patricia Reilly; Nancy Haynes; L. Gordon Letts; Robert Rothlein

1990-01-01

15

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 Is Required for Chemoattractant-Induced Leukocyte Adhesion in Resting, but Not Inflamed, Venules in Vivo  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leukocyte integrins LFA-1 and Mac-1 bind to en- dothelial intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Leukocyte adhesion induced by micropipette injection of formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMLP) or macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2) next to a venule in the exteriorized mouse cremaster muscle was almost completely blocked after intravenous injection of the ICAM-1 mAb YN-1. In contrast, after 2-h pre- treatment with TNF-a, leukocyte

Daniel S. Fo; Klaus Le

2000-01-01

16

Increased binding of synovial T lymphocytes from rheumatoid arthritis to endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1).  

PubMed Central

The infiltration of the synovial membrane (SM) by mononuclear cells, mostly T cells, is a typical histopathological feature associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The entry of T lymphocytes into the SM is believed to be mediated by a number of molecules in the endothelium that are induced in response to a series of inflammatory mediators. In this study, we have investigated the adhesion of synovial T cells from RA patients to two endothelial ligands: endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1), the only selectin known to function as a vascular addressin for T cells, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), the cellular ligand of VLA-4. Our results clearly demonstrate that synovial T cells isolated from both SM and synovial fluid (SF), bearing an activated and memory phenotype, displayed an enhanced capacity to interact with these two endothelial molecules as compared with T cells from peripheral blood (PB) either of the same RA patients or healthy donors. A further enhancement of VLA-4-mediated T cell binding to VCAM-1 and fibronectin could be observed when already in vivo-activated synovial T cells were stimulated in vitro with phorbol esters, suggesting the existence of several cellular affinity levels for both very late activation-4 (VLA-4) ligands. Moreover, both PB and synovial T cells from RA patients exhibited strong proliferative responses when they were cultured with either fibronectin or VCAM-1 in combination with submitogenic doses of anti-CD3 mAb. This increased endothelial binding ability of synovial T lymphocytes together with their proliferation in response to the interaction with VCAM-1 and fibronectin may represent important mechanisms in the regulation of T cell penetration and persistence in the chronically inflamed SM of RA. Images PMID:1373738

Postigo, A A; Garcia-Vicuna, R; Diaz-Gonzalez, F; Arroyo, A G; De Landazuri, M O; Chi-Rosso, G; Lobb, R R; Laffon, A; Sanchez-Madrid, F

1992-01-01

17

Markedly diminished epidermal keratinocyte expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in Sezary syndrome  

SciTech Connect

In mucosis fungoides the malignant T cells express lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1, which allows them to bind to epidermal keratinocytes expressing the gamma interferon-inducible intercellular adhesion molecule-1. In this report, a patient with leukemic-stage mucosis fungoides (Sezary syndrome) had widespread erythematous dermal infiltrates containing malignant T cells, but without any epidermotropism. The authors discovered that the T cells expressed normal amounts of functional lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1, but the keratinocytes did not express significant levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, which was probably due to the inability of the malignant T cells to produce gamma interferon. These results support the concept that the inability of malignant T cells to enter the epidermis may contribute to emergence of more clinically aggressive T-cell clones that are no longer confined to the skin, but infiltrate the blood, lymph nodes, and viscera, as is seen in Sezary syndrome.

Nickoloff, B.J.; Griffiths, E.M.; Baadsgaard, O.; Voorhees, J.J.; Hanson, C.A.; Cooper, K.D. (Univ. of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor (USA))

1989-04-21

18

Carotid atherosclerosis is associated with inflammation, malnutrition and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Recent evidence suggests that endothelial cell adhesion molecules may participate in the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic vascular damage. The aim of the present report was to investigate serum intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and E- selectin concentrations and their probable association with atherosclerotic disease in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Methods. Sixty-three

Aikaterini Papagianni; Elisavet Kokolina; Michalis Kalovoulos; Andreas Vainas; Chrisostomos Dimitriadis; Dimitrios Memmos

2004-01-01

19

Elevated vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in AIDS encephalitis induced by simian immunodeficiency virus.  

PubMed Central

AIDS encephalitis is a common sequela to HIV-1 infection in humans and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac) infection in macaques. Although lentiviral-infected macrophages comprise parenchymal inflammatory infiltrates in affected brain tissue, the mechanisms responsible for leukocyte trafficking to the central nervous system in AIDS are unknown. In this study, we investigated the expression of various endothelial-derived leukocyte adhesion proteins in SIVmac-induced AIDS encephalitis. Encephalitic brains from SIVmac-infected macaques, but not uninflamed brains from other SIVmac-infected animals, were found to express abundant vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) protein on the majority of arteriolar, venular, and capillary endothelial cells. Soluble VCAM-1 concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from encephalitic animals were increased approximately 20-fold above those from animals without AIDS encephalitis. Expression of other endothelial-related adhesion molecules, including E-selectin, P-selectin, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), was not uniformly associated with AIDS encephalitis. Thus, the presence of VCAM-1 in both brain and CSF was uniformly associated with SIVmac-induced disease of the central nervous system, and this expression may, at least in part, influence monocyte and lymphocyte recruitment to the central nervous system during the development of AIDS encephalitis. Moreover, measurement of soluble VCAM-1 in CSF may assist in the clinical assessment of animals or people with AIDS. Images Figure 1 PMID:1279978

Sasseville, V. G.; Newman, W. A.; Lackner, A. A.; Smith, M. O.; Lausen, N. C.; Beall, D.; Ringler, D. J.

1992-01-01

20

Inflammatory and immune responses are impaired in mice deficient in intercellular adhesion molecule 1.  

PubMed Central

Gene targeting was used to produce mice deficient in intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) or CD54, an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule that binds beta 2 integrins. Homozygous deficient animals develop normally, are fertile, and have a moderate granulocytosis. The nature of the mutation, RNA analysis, and immunostaining are consistent with complete loss of surface expression of ICAM-1. Deficient mice exhibit prominent abnormalities of inflammatory responses including impaired neutrophil emigration in response to chemical peritonitis and decreased contact hypersensitivity to 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene. Mutant cells provided negligible stimulation in the mixed lymphocyte reaction, although they proliferated normally as responder cells. These mutant animals will be extremely valuable for examining the role of ICAM-1 and its counterreceptors in inflammatory disease processes and atherosclerosis. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 PMID:8104338

Sligh, J E; Ballantyne, C M; Rich, S S; Hawkins, H K; Smith, C W; Bradley, A; Beaudet, A L

1993-01-01

21

Identification of a Plasmodium falciparum intercellular adhesion molecule-1 binding domain: A parasite adhesion trait implicated in cerebral malaria  

PubMed Central

Binding of infected erythrocytes to brain venules is a central pathogenic event in the lethal malaria disease complication, cerebral malaria. The only parasite adhesion trait linked to cerebral sequestration is binding to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). In this report, we show that Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) binds ICAM-1. We have cloned and expressed PfEMP1 recombinant proteins from the A4tres parasite. Using heterologous expression in mammalian cells, the minimal ICAM-1 binding domain was a complex domain consisting of the second Duffy binding-like (DBL) domain and the C2 domain. Constructs that contained either domain alone did not bind ICAM-1. Based on phylogenetic criteria, there are five distinct PfEMP1 DBL types designated ?, ?, ?, ?, and ?. The DBL domain from the A4tres that binds ICAM-1 is DBL? type. A PfEMP1 cloned from a distinct ICAM-1 binding variant, the A4 parasite, contains a DBL? domain and a C2 domain in tandem arrangement similar to the A4tres PfEMP1. Anti-PfEMP1 antisera implicate the DBL? domain from A4var PfEMP1 in ICAM-1 adhesion. The identification of a P. falciparum ICAM-1 binding domain may clarify mechanisms responsible for the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria and lead to interventions or vaccines that reduce malarial disease. PMID:10677532

Smith, Joseph D.; Craig, Alister G.; Kriek, Neline; Hudson-Taylor, Diana; Kyes, Sue; Fagen, Toby; Pinches, Robert; Baruch, Dror I.; Newbold, Chris I.; Miller, Louis H.

2000-01-01

22

Force spectroscopy of the leukocyte function-associated antigen-1/intercellular adhesion molecule-1 interaction.  

PubMed Central

Interactions between leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) with its cognate ligand, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) play a crucial role in leukocyte adhesion. Because the cell and its adhesive components are subject to external perturbation from the surrounding flow of blood, it is important to understand the binding properties of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction in both steady state and in the presence of an external pulling force. Here we report on atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements of the unbinding of LFA-1 from ICAM-1. The single molecule measurements revealed the energy landscape corresponding to the dissociation of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 complex and provided the basis for defining the energetic determinants of the complex at equilibrium and under the influence of an external force. The AFM force measurements were performed in an experimental system consisting of an LFA-1-expressing T cell hybridoma, 3A9, attached to the end of the AFM cantilever and an apposing surface expressing ICAM-1. In measurements covering three orders of magnitude change in force loading rate, the LFA-1/ICAM-1 force spectrum (i.e., unbinding force versus loading rate) revealed a fast and a slow loading regime that characterized a steep inner activation barrier and a wide outer activation barrier, respectively. The addition of Mg(2+), a cofactor that stabilizes the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction, elevated the unbinding force of the complex in the slow loading regime. In contrast, the presence of EDTA suppressed the inner barrier of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 complex. These results suggest that the equilibrium dissociation constant of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction is regulated by the energetics of the outer activation barrier of the complex, while the ability of the complex to resist a pulling force is determined by the divalent cation-dependent inner activation barrier. PMID:12324444

Zhang, Xiaohui; Wojcikiewicz, Ewa; Moy, Vincent T

2002-01-01

23

A mechanism for the antiinflammatory effects of corticosteroids: the glucocorticoid receptor regulates leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells and expression of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 and intercellular adhesion molecule 1.  

PubMed Central

Corticosteroids are the preeminent antiinflammatory agents although the molecular mechanisms that impart their efficacy have not been defined. The endothelium plays a critical role in inflammation by directing circulating leukocytes into extravascular tissues by expressing adhesive molecules for leukocytes [e.g., endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1)]. We therefore determined whether corticosteroids suppress inflammation by inhibiting endothelial expression of adhesion molecules for neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes). Preincubation of endothelial cells with endotoxin [lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 1 microgram/ml] led to a 4-fold increase in subsequent adherence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (P < 0.0001, n = 10) to endothelial cells, an increase that was markedly attenuated when endothelial cells were treated with dexamethasone (IC50 < 1 nM, P < 0.0001, n = 6 or 7) during preincubation with LPS. Moreover, the steroid receptor agonist cortisol (10 microM), but not its inactive metabolite tetrahydrocortisol (10 microM), diminished LPS-induced endothelial cell adhesiveness. Further evidence that the action of dexamethasone was mediated through ligation of corticosteroid receptors [human glucocorticoid receptors (hGRs)] was provided by experiments utilizing the steroid antagonist RU-486. RU-486 (10 microM), which prevents translocation of ligated hGR to the nucleus by inhibiting dissociation of hGR from heat shock protein 90, completely aborted the effect of dexamethasone on adhesiveness of endothelial cells (P < 0.0005, n = 3). Treatment of endothelial cells with LPS (1 microgram/ml) stimulated transcription of ELAM-1, as shown by Northern blot analysis, and expression of membrane-associated ELAM-1 and ICAM-1, as shown by quantitative immunofluorescence (both P < 0.001, n = 9). Dexamethasone markedly inhibited LPS-stimulated accumulation of mRNA for ELAM-1 and expression of ELAM-1 and ICAM-1 (IC50 < 10 nM, both P < 0.001, n = 4-9); inhibition of expression by dexamethasone was reversed by RU-486 (both P < 0.005, n = 4-6). As in the adhesion studies, cortisol but not tetrahydrocortisol inhibited expression of ELAM-1 and ICAM-1 (both P < 0.005, n = 3 or 4). In contrast, sodium salicylate (1 mM) inhibited neither adhesion nor expression of these adhesion molecules. These studies suggest that antagonism by dexamethasone of endotoxin-induced inflammation is a specific instance of the general biological principle that the glucocorticoid receptor is a hormone-dependent regulator of transcription. Images PMID:1279685

Cronstein, B N; Kimmel, S C; Levin, R I; Martiniuk, F; Weissmann, G

1992-01-01

24

Role of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 in Radiation-Induced Brain Injury  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the pathogenesis of brain injury after irradiation (IR). Methods and Materials: We assessed the expression of ICAM-1 in mouse brain after cranial IR and determined the histopathologic and behavioral changes in mice that were either wildtype (+/+) or knockout (-/-) of the ICAM-1 gene after IR. Results: There was an early dose-dependent increase in ICAM-1 mRNA and protein expression after IR. Increased ICAM-1 immunoreactivity was observed in endothelia and glia of ICAM-1+/+ mice up to 8 months after IR. ICAM-1-/- mice showed no expression. ICAM-1+/+ and ICAM-1-/- mice showed similar vascular abnormalities at 2 months after 10-17 Gy, and there was evidence for demyelination and inhibition of hippocampal neurogenesis at 8 months after 10 Gy. After 10 Gy, irradiated ICAM-1+/+ and ICAM-1-/- mice showed similar behavioral changes at 2-6 months in open field, light-dark chamber, and T-maze compared with age-matched genotype controls. Conclusion: There is early and late upregulation of ICAM-1 in the vasculature and glia of mouse brain after IR. ICAM-1, however, does not have a causative role in the histopathologic injury and behavioral dysfunction after moderate single doses of cranial IR.

Wu, K.-L.; Tu Ba; Li Yuqing [Discipline of Molecular and Cell Biology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Wong, C. Shun, E-mail: shun.wong@sunnybrook.c [Discipline of Molecular and Cell Biology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2010-01-15

25

CEA-related cell adhesion molecule-1 is involved in angiogenic switch in prostate cancer.  

PubMed

We demonstrate here that epithelial carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related cell adhesion molecule-1 (CEACAM1) downregulation in prostate intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) is inversely correlated with its upregulation in adjacent blood vessels. CEACAM1 silencing in prostate cancer cell line DU-145 via small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) increased but its overexpression suppressed the expression of angiogenic/lymphangiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, -C and -D, and angiogenic inhibitor collagen 18/endostatin. Furthermore, CEACAM1 overexpression in DU-145 cells increased but CEACAM1 silencing reduced angiopoietin-1 expression. Inverse relation was found for angiopoietin-2. Supernatant of CEACAM1-overexpressing DU-145 suppressed but that of CEACAM1-silenced increased the VEGF-induced endothelial tubes. Electron microscopically the majority of PIN-associated blood vessels was structurally destabilized exhibiting endothelial fenestration, trans- and inter-endothelial gaps. In some PIN areas, invasion of single tumor cells into the destabilized blood vessels was observed. These data show that disappearance of epithelial CEACAM1 in PIN is accompanied by its upregulation in adjacent vasculature which apparently correlates with vascular destabilization and increased vascularization of prostate cancer. Strategies to either conserve the epithelial CEACAM1 or to target endothelial CEACAM1 might be useful for an anti-angiogenic therapy of prostate cancer. PMID:16568082

Tilki, D; Irmak, S; Oliveira-Ferrer, L; Hauschild, J; Miethe, K; Atakaya, H; Hammerer, P; Friedrich, M G; Schuch, G; Galalae, R; Stief, C G; Kilic, E; Huland, H; Ergun, S

2006-08-17

26

Differing roles for B7 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in negative selection of thymocytes  

PubMed Central

To ensure self tolerance, immature thymocytes with high binding affinity for self peptides linked to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules are eliminated in situ via apoptosis (negative selection). The roles of two costimulatory molecules, B7-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), in negative selection was examined by studying apoptosis of T cell receptor transgenic CD4+8+ thymocytes cultured with specific peptides presented by MHC class I- transfected Drosophila cells. When coexpressed on these cells, B7-1 and ICAM-1 act synergistically and cause strong class 1-restricted negative selection of thymocytes. When expressed separately, however, B7-1 and ICAM-1 display opposite functions: negative selection is augmented by B7-1, but is inhibited by ICAM-1. It is notable that B7-1 is expressed selectively in the thymic medulla, whereas ICAM-1 is expressed throughout the thymus. Because of this distribution, the differing functions of B7-1 and ICAM-1 may dictate the sites of positive and negative selection. Thus, in the cortex, the presence of ICAM-1, but not B7-1, on the cortical epithelium may preclude or reduce negative selection and thereby promote positive selection. Conversely, the combined expression of B7-1 and ICAM-1 may define the medulla as the principal site of negative selection. PMID:8760806

1996-01-01

27

Association of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) with diabetes and diabetic nephropathy  

PubMed Central

Diabetes and diabetic nephropathy are complex diseases affected by genetic and environmental factors. Identification of the susceptibility genes and investigation of their roles may provide useful information for better understanding of the pathogenesis and for developing novel therapeutic approaches. Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed on endothelial cells and leukocytes in the immune system. The ICAM1 gene is located on chromosome 19p13 within the linkage region of diabetes. In the recent years, accumulating reports have implicated that genetic polymorphisms in the ICAM1 gene are associated with diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. Serum ICAM1 levels in diabetes patients and the icam1 gene expression in kidney tissues of diabetic animals are increased compared to the controls. Therefore, ICAM1 may play a role in the development of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. In this review, we present genomic structure, variation, and regulation of the ICAM1 gene, summarized genetic and biological studies of this gene in diabetes and diabetic nephropathy and discussed about the potential application using ICAM1 as a biomarker and target for prediction and treatment of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. PMID:23346076

Gu, Harvest F.; Ma, Jun; Gu, Karolin T.; Brismar, Kerstin

2013-01-01

28

Effect of candesartan on the expression of sclera-choroidal intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in hypercholesterolemic models  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of blocking the angiotensin II AT-1 receptor by the systemic administration of candesartan on the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in the sclera and choroid of hypercholesterolemic rabbits. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits were divided into 3 groups, as follows: GI, which was fed a rabbit standard diet; GII, which was fed a hypercholesterolemic diet; and GIII, which received hypercholesterolemic diet plus candesartan. Samples of the rabbits' sclera and choroid were then studied by hematoxylin-eosin staining and histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analyses for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression. RESULTS: Histological analysis of hematoxylin- and eosin-stained sclera and choroid revealed that macrophages were rarely present in GI, and GII had significantly increased macrophage numbers compared to GIII. Moreover, in GII, the sclera and choroid morphometry showed a significant increase in thickness in comparison to GI and GIII. GIII presented a significant increase in thickness in relation to GI. Sclera and choroid immunohistochemical analysis for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression revealed a significant increase in immunoreactivity in GII in relation to GI and GIII. GIII showed a significant increase in immunoreactivity in relation to GI. CONCLUSION: Candesartan reduced the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and consequently macrophage accumulation in the sclera and choroid of hypercholesterolemic rabbits. PMID:24519206

de Almeida Torres, Rogil Jose; Luchini, Andrea; do Rocio de Almeida Torres, Regiane; de Oliveira, Luciano Rodrigo Silva; de Almeida Torres, Caroline Luzia; de Almeida Torres, Robson Antonio; Olandoski, Marcia; Nagashima, Seigo; de Noronha, Lucia; Precoma, Dalton Bertolim

2014-01-01

29

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in endothelial cells exposed to physiological coronary wall shear stresses.  

PubMed

Atherosclerosis is consistently found in bifurcations and curved segments of the circulatory system, indicating disturbed hemodynamics may participate in disease development. In vivo and in vitro studies have shown that endothelial cells (ECs) alter their gene expression in response to their hemodynamic environment, in a manner that is highly dependent on the exact nature of the applied forces. This research exposes cultured ECs to flow patterns present in the coronary arterial network, in order to determine the role of hemodynamic forces in plaque initiation. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) was examined as an indicator of plaque growth, as it participates in monocyte adhesion, which is one of the initial steps in the formation of fatty lesions. The hemodynamics of a healthy right and left coronary artery were determined by reconstructing 3D models from cineangiograms and employing computational fluid dynamic models to establish physiological coronary flow patterns. Wall shear stress (WSS) profiles selected from these studies were applied to ECs in a cone and plate bioreactor. The cone and plate system was specifically designed to be capable of reproducing the high frequency harmonics present in physiological waveforms. The shear stresses chosen represent those from regions prone to disease development and healthier arterial segments. The levels of the transcriptional and cell surface anchored VCAM-1 were quantified by flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR over a number of timepoints to obtain a complete picture of the relationship between this adhesion molecule and the applied shear stress. The WSS profiles from regions consistently displaying a higher incidence of plaques in vivo, induced greater levels of VCAM-1, particularly at the earlier timepoints. Conversely, the WSS profile from a straight section of vessel with undisturbed flow indicated no upregulation in VCAM-1 and a significant downregulation after 24 h, when compared with static controls. Low shear stress from the outer wall of a bifurcation induced four times the levels of VCAM-1 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) after four hours when compared with levels of mRNA induced by WSS from a straight arterial section. This shear profile also induced prolonged expression of the surface protein of this molecule. The current study has provided insight into the possible influences of coronary hemodynamics on plaque localization, with VCAM-1 only significantly induced by the WSS from disease prone regions. PMID:19604015

O'Keeffe, Lucy M; Muir, Gordon; Piterina, Anna V; McGloughlin, Tim

2009-08-01

30

Active Site Formation, Not Bond Kinetics, Limits Adhesion Rate between Human Neutrophils and Immobilized Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1  

PubMed Central

Abstract The formation of receptor ligand bonds at the interface between different cells and between cells and substrates is a widespread phenomenon in biological systems. Physical measurements of bond formation rates between cells and substrates have been exploited to increase our understanding of the biophysical mechanisms that regulate bond formation at interfaces. Heretofore, these measurements have been interpreted in terms of simple bimolecular reaction kinetics. Discrepancies between this simple framework and the behavior of neutrophils adhering to surfaces expressing vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) motivated the development of a new kinetic framework in which the explicit formation of active bond formation sites (reaction zones) are a prerequisite for bond formation to occur. Measurements of cells interacting with surfaces having a wide range of VCAM-1 concentrations, and for different durations of contact, enabled the determination of novel kinetic rate constants for the formation of reaction zones and for the intrinsic bond kinetics. Comparison of these rates with rates determined previously for other receptor-ligand pairs points to a predominant role of extrinsic factors such as surface topography and accessibility of active molecules to regions of close contact in determining forward rates of bond formation at cell interfaces. PMID:19134479

Waugh, Richard E.; Lomakina, Elena B.

2009-01-01

31

Interaction of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM1) Polymorphisms and Environmental Tobacco Smoke on Childhood Asthma  

PubMed Central

Asthma is a chronic disease that is particularly common in children. The association between polymorphisms of the gene encoding intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) and gene-environment interactions with childhood asthma has not been fully investigated. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate these associations among children in Taiwan. The effects of two functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ICAM1, rs5491 (K56M) and rs5498 (K469E), and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) were studied. Two hundred and eighteen asthmatic and 877 nonasthmatic children were recruited from elementary schools. It was found that the genetic effect of each SNP was modified by the other SNP and by exposure to ETS. The risk of asthma was higher for children carrying the rs5491 AT or TT genotypes and the rs5498 GG genotype (odds ratio = 1.68, 95% confidence interval 1.09–2.59) than for those with the rs5491 AA and rs5498 AA or AG genotypes (the reference group). The risk for the other two combinations of genotypes did not differ significantly from that of the reference group (p of interaction = 0.0063). The two studied ICAM1 SNPs were associated with childhood asthma among children exposed to ETS, but not among those without ETS exposure (p of interaction = 0.05 and 0.01 for rs5491 and rs5498, respectively). Both ICAM1 and ETS, and interactions between these two factors are likely to be involved in the development of asthma in childhood. PMID:25003170

Li, Yu-Fen; Lin, Che-Chen; Tai, Chien-Kuo

2014-01-01

32

Localization of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the lungs of silica-exposed mice.  

PubMed Central

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is expressed on a variety of cells including endothelial cells, alveolar epithelial cells, and alveolar macrophages. Endothelial/epithelial cell ICAM-1 participates in the migration of leukocytes out of the blood in response to pulmonary inflammation, whereas alveolar macrophage ICAM-1 may represent cell activation. Our previous studies have shown that there is increased expression of ICAM-1 in lung tissue during acute inflammation following intratracheal injection with silica particles (2 mg/mouse). This increased expression was shown to play a role, in part, in the migration of neutrophils from the circulation into the tissue parenchyma. The aim of the current work is to localize expression of ICAM-1 during acute inflammation in lungs of mice exposed to either silica or the nuisance dust, titanium dioxide. In silica-exposed mice, a significant increase in ICAM-1 was detected on day-1 and localized by immunohistochemistry to aggregates of pulmonary macrophages and to type II epithelial cells. Areas of the lung with increased ICAM-1 expression also showed increased tumor necrosis factor alpha expression. Immunocytochemical staining of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells demonstrated increased ICAM-1 expression associated with alveolar macrophages 3, 5, and 7 days following silica exposure. Finally, soluble ICAM-1 levels in the BAL fluid were significantly increased in mice exposed to silica on the same days. Titanium dioxide exposure elicited a minimal increase in expression of ICAM-1 in the lungs. These data demonstrate that exposure to the toxic particle silica specifically increases ICAM-1 expression localized to pulmonary macrophages and type II epithelial cells. Images Figure 2. B Figure 2. A Figure 2. D Figure 2. C Figure 3. A Figure 3. B Figure 5. B Figure 5. A Figure 5. C PMID:9400721

Nario, R C; Hubbard, A K

1997-01-01

33

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in human corneal endothelium. Modulation and function.  

PubMed Central

The endothelium lining the posterior corneal surface performs physiologic pump functions essential to corneal clarity and integrity. A hallmark of keratitis, anterior ocular inflammation, and corneal allograft rejection is leukocyte adherence to the corneal endothelium (CE) forming keratitic precipitates. To elucidate mechanisms governing cornea-leukocyte interactions, cultured human CE cells and intact corneas were examined for expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), which binds the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) on all leukocytes and enhances delayed-type hypersensitivity mediated by class II major histocompatibility complex antigens. Immunohistochemistry on culture CE cells using monoclonal anti-ICAM-1 antibody yield positive staining that increased after exposure to interleukin-1-beta (IL-1 beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interferon-gamma (gamma-IFN). Standard leukocyte adherence assays demonstrated ICAM-1-mediated CE-neutrophil binding, which was specifically blocked by antibody to ICAM-1 or antibodies to LFA-1 on neutrophils. In whole human corneas, gamma-IFN increased CE and stromal keratocyte ICAM-1 immunoreactivity and enhanced CE-neutrophil adherence. As in CE cell cultures, antibody to ICAM-1 effectively blocked neutrophil binding to the CE cells of whole corneas. These results are the first to demonstrate ICAM-1 in ocular tissue. They indicate that CE cells express functional ICAM-1, which may be modulated by inflammatory cytokines, ICAM-1 provides mechanisms for keratitic precipitate formation, regulation of corneal leukocyte trafficking and the generation of immune responses that may be crucial to allograft rejection. Images Figure 5 Figure 1 Figure 4 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 4 PMID:1705751

Elner, V. M.; Elner, S. G.; Pavilack, M. A.; Todd, R. F.; Yue, B. Y.; Huber, A. R.

1991-01-01

34

Tetraspanins CD81 and CD82 Facilitate ?4?1-Mediated Adhesion of Human Erythroblasts to Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1  

PubMed Central

The proliferation and terminal differentiation of erythroid progenitors occurs in human bone marrow within erythroblastic islands, specialised structures consisting of a central macrophage surrounded by developing erythroid cells. Many cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesive interactions maintain and regulate the co-ordinated daily production of reticulocytes. Erythroid cells express only one integrin, ?4?1, throughout differentiation, and its interactions with both macrophage Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 and with extracellular matrix fibronectin are critical for erythropoiesis. We observed that proerythroblasts expressed a broad tetraspanin phenotype, and investigated whether any tetraspanin could modulate integrin function. A specific association between ?4?1 and CD81, CD82 and CD151 was demonstrated by confocal microscopy and co-immune precipitation. We observed that antibodies to CD81 and CD82 augmented adhesion of proerythroblasts to Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 but not to the fibronectin spliceoforms FnIII12-IIICS-15 and FnIII12–15. In contrast, different anti-CD151 antibodies augmented or inhibited adhesion of proerythroblasts to Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 and the fibronectin spliceoform FnIII12-IIICS-15 but not to FnIII12–15. These results strongly suggest that tetraspanins have a functional role in terminal erythropoiesis by modulating interactions of erythroblast ?4?1 with both macrophages and extracellular matrix. PMID:23704882

Spring, Frances A.; Griffiths, Rebecca E.; Mankelow, Tosti J.; Agnew, Christopher; Parsons, Stephen F.; Chasis, Joel A.; Anstee, David J.

2013-01-01

35

Soluble platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, a biomarker of ventilator-induced lung injury  

PubMed Central

Introduction Endothelial cell injury is an important component of acute lung injury. Platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM1) is a transmembrane protein that connects endothelial cells to one another and can be detected as a soluble, truncated protein (sPECAM1) in serum. We hypothesized that injurious mechanical ventilation (MV) leads to shedding of PECAM1 from lung endothelial cells resulting in increasing sPECAM1 levels in the systemic circulation. Methods We studied 36 Sprague–Dawley rats in two prospective, randomized, controlled studies (healthy and septic) using established animal models of ventilator-induced lung injury. Animals (n?=?6 in each group) were randomized to spontaneous breathing or two MV strategies: low tidal volume (VT) (6 ml/kg) and high-VT (20 ml/kg) on 2 cmH2O of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). In low-VT septic animals, 10 cmH2O of PEEP was applied. We performed pulmonary histological and physiological evaluation and measured lung PECAM1 protein content and serum sPECAM1 levels after four hours ventilation period. Results High-VT MV caused severe lung injury in healthy and septic animals, and decreased lung PECAM1 protein content (P?

2014-01-01

36

Arsenite enhances tumor necrosis factor-{alpha}-induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1  

SciTech Connect

Epidemiological studies demonstrated a high association of vascular diseases with arsenite exposure. We hypothesize that arsenite potentiates the effect of proinflammatory cytokines on vascular endothelial cells, and hence contributes to atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of arsenite and its induction of glutathione (GSH) on vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) protein expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in response to tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} (TNF-{alpha}), a typical proinflammatory cytokine. Our study demonstrated that arsenite pretreatment potentiated the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression with up-regulations of both activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-{kappa}B (NF-{kappa}B). To elucidate the role of GSH in regulation of AP-1, NF-{kappa}B, and VCAM-1 expression, we employed L-buthionine (S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO), a specific {gamma}-glutamylcysteine synthetase ({gamma}-GCS) inhibitor, to block intracellular GSH synthesis. Our investigation revealed that, by depleting GSH, arsenite attenuated the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression as well as a potentiation of AP-1 and an attenuation of NF-{kappa}B activations by TNF-{alpha}. Moreover, we found that depletion of GSH would also attenuate the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression with a down-regulation of the TNF-{alpha}-induced NF-{kappa}B activation and without significant effect on AP-1. On the other hand, the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression could be completely abolished by inhibition of AP-1 or NF-{kappa}B activity, suggesting that activation of both AP-1 and NF-{kappa}B was necessary for VCAM-1 expression. In summary, we demonstrate that arsenite enhances the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression in HUVECs via regulation of AP-1 and NF-{kappa}B activities in a GSH-sensitive manner. Our present study suggested a potential mechanism for arsenite in the induction of vascular inflammation and vascular diseases via modulating the actions of proinflammatory cytokines.

Tsou, T.-C. [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: tctsou@nhri.org.tw; Yeh, Szu Ching [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China); Tsai, E.-M. [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Tsai, F.-Y. [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China); Chao, H.-R. [Department of Environmental and Safety Health Engineering, Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Chang, Louis W. [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China)

2005-11-15

37

Rational Design of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1) Variants for Antagonizing Integrin Lymphocyte  

E-print Network

are allosteric inhibitors, many inhibitory antibodies directly block ligand binding to the I domain (5, 7). We antigen-1 (LFA-1) and its ligand intercellular adhesion mole- cule-1 (ICAM-1) is critical in immunological enhanced for inhibition of LFA-1- dependent ligand binding and cell adhesion. Thus, rational design can

Springer, Timothy A.

38

Human endothelial-cell specific molecule-1 binds directly to the integrin CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1) and blocks binding to intercellular adhesion molecule-1.  

PubMed

ICAMs are ligands for LFA-1, a major integrin of mononuclear cells involved in the immune and inflammatory processes. We previously showed that endothelial cell specific molecule-1 (ESM-1) is a proteoglycan secreted by endothelial cells under the control of inflammatory cytokines. Here, we demonstrate that ESM-1 binds directly to LFA-1 onto the cell surface of human blood lymphocytes, monocytes, and Jurkat cells. The binding of ESM-1 was equally dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), or Mn(2+) divalent ions, which are specific, saturable, and sensitive to temperature. An anti-CD11a mAb or PMA induced a transient increase in binding, peaking 5 min after activation. Direct binding of ESM-1 to LFA-1 integrin was demonstrated by specific coimmunoprecipitation by CD11a and CD18 mAbs. A cell-free system using a Biacore biosensor confirmed that ESM-1 and LFA-1 dynamically interacted in real time with high affinity (K(d) = 18.7 nM). ESM-1 consistently inhibited the specific binding of soluble ICAM-1 to Jurkat cells in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that ESM-1 and ICAM-1 interact with LFA-1 on binding sites very close to but distinct from the I domain of CD11a. Through this mechanism, ESM-1 could be implicated in the regulation of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 pathway and may therefore influence both the recruitment of circulating lymphocytes to inflammatory sites and LFA-1-dependent leukocyte adhesion and activation. PMID:11544294

Béchard, D; Scherpereel, A; Hammad, H; Gentina, T; Tsicopoulos, A; Aumercier, M; Pestel, J; Dessaint, J P; Tonnel, A B; Lassalle, P

2001-09-15

39

Thrombin-induced expression of endothelial P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1: a mechanism for stabilizing neutrophil adhesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thrombin-induced expression of endothelial adhesivity toward neutrophils (PMN) was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVEC were challenged with human ot-thrombin for varying durations up to 120 min, after which the cells were fixed with 1% paraformaldehyde and 5~Cr-labeled human PMN were added to determine PMN adhesion. Endothelial adhesivity increased within 15 min after c~-thrombin exposure, and the

Yasuo Sugama; Chinnaswamy Tiruppathi; Kilambi Janakidevi; Thomas T. Andersen; John W. Fenton II; Asrar B. Malik

1992-01-01

40

Role of Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule1 and Fibronectin Connecting Segment1 in Monocyte Rolling and Adhesion on Early Atherosclerotic Lesions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atherosclerotic lesion development seems to be inflammatory in nature and involves the recruitment of monocytes to the vessel wall. In this study, we investigated the role of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and fibronectin (FN) connecting segment-1 containing the amino acid sequence ILDV as functional ligands for a4b1 integrin (VLA-4) in monocyte rolling and adherence to early atherosclerotic lesions. Carotid

Yuqing Huo; Ali Hafezi-Moghadam; Klaus Ley

41

Intercellular adhesion molecule 1: recent findings and new concepts involved in mammalian spermatogenesis.  

PubMed

Spermatogenesis, the process of spermatozoa production, is regulated by several endocrine factors, including testosterone, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and estradiol 17?. For spermatogenesis to reach completion, developing germ cells must traverse the seminiferous epithelium while remaining transiently attached to Sertoli cells. If germ cell adhesion were to be compromised for a period of time longer than usual, germ cells would slough from the seminiferous epithelium and infertility would result. Presently, Sertoli-germ cell adhesion is known to be mediated largely by classical and desmosomal cadherins. More recent studies, however, have begun to expand long-standing concepts and to examine the roles of other proteins such as intercellular adhesion molecules. In this review, we focus on the biology of intercellular adhesion molecules in the mammalian testis, hoping that this information is useful in the design of future studies. PMID:23942142

Mruk, Dolores D; Xiao, Xiang; Lydka, Marta; Li, Michelle W M; Bilinska, Barbara; Cheng, C Yan

2014-05-01

42

Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 Expression and Signaling During Disease: Regulation by Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants  

PubMed Central

Abstract The endothelium is immunoregulatory in that inhibiting the function of vascular adhesion molecules blocks leukocyte recruitment and thus tissue inflammation. The function of endothelial cells during leukocyte recruitment is regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants. In inflammatory sites and lymph nodes, the endothelium is stimulated to express adhesion molecules that mediate leukocyte binding. Upon leukocyte binding, these adhesion molecules activate endothelial cell signal transduction that then alters endothelial cell shape for the opening of passageways through which leukocytes can migrate. If the stimulation of this opening is blocked, inflammation is blocked. In this review, we focus on the endothelial cell adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Expression of VCAM-1 is induced on endothelial cells during inflammatory diseases by several mediators, including ROS. Then, VCAM-1 on the endothelium functions as both a scaffold for leukocyte migration and a trigger of endothelial signaling through NADPH oxidase-generated ROS. These ROS induce signals for the opening of intercellular passageways through which leukocytes migrate. In several inflammatory diseases, inflammation is blocked by inhibition of leukocyte binding to VCAM-1 or by inhibition of VCAM-1 signal transduction. VCAM-1 signal transduction and VCAM-1-dependent inflammation are blocked by antioxidants. Thus, VCAM-1 signaling is a target for intervention by pharmacological agents and by antioxidants during inflammatory diseases. This review discusses ROS and antioxidant functions during activation of VCAM-1 expression and VCAM-1 signaling in inflammatory diseases. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 15, 1607–1638. PMID:21050132

Marchese, Michelle E.; Abdala-Valencia, Hiam

2011-01-01

43

Feverfew extracts and the sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide inhibit intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in human synovial fibroblasts.  

PubMed

Previous studies have shown that extracts of the aromatic herb feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) and one of its bioactive components, parthenolide, have anti-inflammatory properties in vivo and in vitro. We examined both crude feverfew extracts and purified parthenolide for their ability to modulate adhesion molecule expression in human synovial fibroblasts. Pretreatment of synovial fibroblasts with either feverfew extracts or purified parthenolide could inhibit the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) induced by the cytokines IL-1 (up to 95% suppression), TNF-alpha (up to 93% suppression), and, less strongly, interferon-gamma (up to 39% suppression). Inhibition of ICAM-1 was dose and time dependent; as little as a 30-min pretreatment with feverfew resulted in inhibition of ICAM-1. The decrease in ICAM-1 expression was accompanied by a decrease in T-cell adhesion to the treated fibroblasts. Other herbal extracts with reported anti-inflammatory effects were similarly tested and did not decrease ICAM-1 expression. The modulation of adhesion molecule expression may be an additional mechanism by which feverfew mediates anti-inflammatory effects. PMID:11446741

Piela-Smith, T H; Liu, X

2001-05-01

44

Serum Levels of Circulating Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 in Human Malignant Melanoma1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current reports have suggested a role for intracellular adhesion mol ecule 1 (ICAM-1) in the progression of human malignant melanoma and other cancers. Stage I, II, and III patients with histologically diagnosed malignant melanoma had significantly increased serum levels of circulat ing ICAM-1 (cICAM-1) and a striking increase in the incidence of positive sera. In Stage II and III patients,

Ronald Harning; Elizabeth Mainolfi; Jean-Claude Bystryn; Milagros Henn; Vincent J. Merluzzi; Robert Rothlein

45

Benzo[a]pyrene induces intercellular adhesion molecule-1 through a caveolae and aryl hydrocarbon receptor mediated pathway  

SciTech Connect

Toxicologic and epidemiologic studies have linked benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) exposure with cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. The mechanisms of action leading to these diseases have not been fully understood. One key step in the development of atherosclerosis is vascular endothelial dysfunction, which is characterized by increased adhesiveness. To determine if B[a]P could lead to increased endothelial adhesiveness, the effects of B[a]P on human endothelial cell intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression was investigated. B[a]P was able to increase ICAM-1 protein only after pretreatment with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist {beta}-naphthoflavone ({beta}-NF). Knockdown of AhR by siRNA or treatment with AhR antagonist {alpha}-naphthoflavone ({alpha}-NF) eliminated the induction of ICAM-1 from B[a]P, confirming the necessity of AhR in this process. Likewise, B[a]P only increased monocyte adhesion to the vascular endothelium when cells were pretreated with {beta}-NF. Experiments were done to define a signaling mechanism. B[a]P increased phosphorylation of MEK and p38-MAPK, and inhibitors to these proteins blunted the ICAM-1 induction. B[a]P was also able to increase AP-1 DNA binding and phosphorylation of cJun. Phosphorylation of cJun was disrupted by MEK and p38-MAPK inhibitors linking the signaling cascade. Finally, the importance of membrane microdomains, caveolae, was demonstrated by knockdown of the structural protein caveolin-1. Disruption of caveolae eliminated the B[a]P-induced ICAM-1 expression. These data suggest a possible pro-inflammatory mechanism of action of B[a]P involving caveolae, leading to increased vascular endothelial adhesiveness, and this inflammation may be a critical step in the development of B[a]P-induced atherosclerosis.

Oesterling, Elizabeth [Graduate Center for Toxicology, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States); Toborek, Michal [Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States); Hennig, Bernhard [Graduate Center for Toxicology, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States); Molecular and Cell Nutrition Laboratory, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States)], E-mail: bhennig@uky.edu

2008-10-15

46

Epidermal Expression of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 is Not a Primary Inducer of Cutaneous Inflammation in Transgenic Mice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Keratinocytes at sites of cutaneous inflammation have increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), a cytokine-inducible adhesion molecule which binds the leukocyte integrins LFA-1 and Mac-1. Transgenic mice were prepared in which the expression of mouse ICAM-1 was targeted to basal keratinocytes by using the human K14 keratin promoter. The level of constitutive expression attained in the transgenic mice exceeded the peak level of ICAM-1 expression induced on nontransgenic mouse keratinocytes in vitro by optimal combinations of interferon ? and tumor necrosis factor ? or in vivo by proinflammatory stimuli such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. In vitro adhesion assays demonstrated that cultured transgenic keratinocytes were superior to normal keratinocytes as a substrate for the LFA-1-dependent binding of mouse T cells, confirming that the transgene-encoded ICAM-1 was expressed in a functional form. However, the high level of constitutive ICAM-1 expression achieved on keratinocytes in vivo in these transgenic mice did not result in additional recruitment of CD45^+ leukocytes into transgenic epidermis, nor did it elicit dermal inflammation. Keratinocyte ICAM-1 expression also did not potentiate contact-hypersensitivity reactions to epicutaneous application of haptens. The absence of a spontaneous phenotype in these transgenic mice was not the result of increased levels of soluble ICAM-1, since serum levels of soluble ICAM-1 were equal in transgenic mice and controls. We conclude that elevated ICAM-1 expression on keratinocytes cannot act independently to influence leukocyte trafficking and elicit cutaneous inflammation.

Williams, Ifor R.; Kupper, Thomas S.

1994-10-01

47

MHC class I, MHC class II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in inflammatory myopathies.  

PubMed Central

We investigated the relationship between the MHC-I, MHC-II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on myofibres and the presence of inflammatory cells in muscle specimens of 18 patients with inflammatory myopathies (nine polymyositis, seven dermatomyositis, two inclusion body myositis). We observed MHC-I expression in muscle fibres, infiltrating mononuclear cells and endothelial cells in every specimen. In seven patients, some muscle fibres were MHC-II-positive for the DR antigen, while the DP and DQ antigens were absent. ICAM-1 expression, detected in seven patients, was found in clusters of myofibres, associated with a marked MHC-I positivity and a widespread mononuclear infiltration. Most of the ICAM-1-positive fibres were regenerating fibres. Furthermore, some fibres expressed both ICAM-1 and DR antigens near infiltrating cells. This finding could support the hypothesis that myofibres may themselves be the site of autosensitization. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 PMID:7507012

Bartoccioni, E; Gallucci, S; Scuderi, F; Ricci, E; Servidei, S; Broccolini, A; Tonali, P

1994-01-01

48

Organization, regulatory sequences, and alternatively spliced transcripts of the mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) gene  

SciTech Connect

The mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) is expressed selectively at venular sites of lymphocyte extravasation into mucosal lymphoid tissues and lamina propria, where it directs local lymphocyte trafficking. MAdCAM-1 is a multifunctional type I transmembrane adhesion molecule comprising two distal Ig domains involved in {alpha}4{beta}7 integrin binding, a mucin-like region able to display L-selectin-binding carbohydrates, and a membrane-proximal Ig domain homologous to IgA. We show in this work that the MAdCAM-1 gene is located on chromosome 10 and contains five exons. The signal peptide and each one of the three Ig domains are encoded by a distinct exon, whereas the transmembrane, cytoplasmic tail, and 3{prime}-untranslated region of MAdCAM-1 are combined on a single exon. The mucin-like region and the third Ig domain are encoded together on exon 4. An alternatively spliced MAdCAM-1 mRNA is identified that lacks the mucin/IgA-homologous exon 4-encoded sequences. This short variant of MAdCAM-1 may be specialized to support {alpha}4{beta}7-dependent adhesion strengthening, independent of carbohydrate-presenting function. Sequences 5{prime} of the transcription start site include tandem nuclear factor-KB sites; AP-1, AP-2, and signal peptide-1 binding sites; and an estrogen response element. Our findings reinforce the correspondence between the multidomain structure and versatile functions of this vascular addressin, and suggest an additional level of regulation of carbohydrate-presenting capability, and thus of its importance in lectin-mediated vs. {alpha}4{beta}7-dependent adhesive events in lymphocyte trafficking. 46 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Sampaio, S.O.; Mei, C.; Butcher, E.C. [Stanford Univ. School of Medicine, CA (United States)] [and others

1995-09-01

49

Sequestration of neutrophils in the hepatic vasculature during endotoxemia is independent of beta 2 integrins and intercellular adhesion molecule-1.  

PubMed

Antibodies against cellular adhesion molecules protect against neutrophil-induced hepatic injury during ischemia-reperfusion and endotoxemia. To test if beta 2 integrins on neutrophils and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on endothelial cells are involved in neutrophil sequestration in the hepatic vasculature, neutrophil accumulation in the liver was characterized during the early phase of endotoxemia. Intravenous injection of Salmonella enteritidis endotoxin induced a dose-dependent activation of complement, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) formation, and an increase of hepatic neutrophils with maximal numbers at 5 mg/kg (90 min: 339 +/- 14 cells/50 high power fields; controls: 18 +/- 2). Administration of 15 micrograms/kg TNF-alpha and intravascular complement activation with cobra venom factor (75 micrograms/kg) had additive effects on hepatic neutrophil accumulation compared with each mediator alone. Monoclonal antibodies (2 mg/kg) to ICAM-1 and the alpha-chain (CD11a, CD11b) or the beta-chain (CD18) of beta 2 integrins had no significant effect on hepatic neutrophil count after endotoxin. In contrast, these antibodies inhibited peritoneal neutrophil infiltration in response to glycogen administration by 28% (CD11b), 60% (CD11a, ICAM-1), and 92% (CD18). Our data suggest that TNF-alpha and complement factors contribute to hepatic neutrophil sequestration during the early phase of endotoxemia. Despite the fact that these inflammatory mediators can up-regulate integrins and ICAM-1, these adhesion molecules are not necessary for neutrophil accumulation in hepatic sinusoids. The protective effect of these antibodies against neutrophil-induced liver injury appears to be due to inhibition of transendothelial migration and adherence to parenchymal cells. PMID:8946651

Jaeschke, H; Farhood, A; Fisher, M A; Smith, C W

1996-11-01

50

Association between the Polymorphisms in Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 and the Risk of Coronary Atherosclerosis: A Case-Controlled Study  

PubMed Central

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), an important immune adhesion molecule, is related to the atherosclerosis. We explored the association between the polymorphisms of the ICAM-1 gene and coronary atherosclerotic stenosis to determine whether any risk factors correlate with genetic polymorphisms in Chinese patients with coronary atherosclerosis. Using the SNaPshot assay, we examined six SNPs of rs5491, rs281428, rs281432, rs5496, rs5498 and rs281437 in 604 patients diagnosed with coronary atherosclerotic stenosis by angiography and in 468 controls. We found that AG genotype of rs5498 had higher frequency in the coronary atherosclerotic stenosis patients (41.56% to 34.19%, P?=?0.017, OR?=?1.368,95%CI 1.057–1.770) and that the haplotype Ars5491Crs281428Grs281432 had higher frequency in patients (13.8% to 12.1%, P?=?0.048). When analyzing the clinical risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis, we found that the rs5498 locus was associated with the levels of apolipoprotein A (APOA) (P?=?0.0002) and triglycerides (TG) (P?=?0.002). Furthermore, the levels of triglycerides (TG) were also associated with rs281432 (P?=?0.040). Additionally, the TT genotype of rs281437 was associated with a higher level of apolipoprotein A (APOA) (P?=?0.039) and apolipoprotein B (APOB) (P?=?0.003). Finally, among those with coronary atherosclerosis, we found no differences in the haplotype analysis of polymorphisms of the ICAM-1 gene from individuals with hypertension or those who smoked. According to our results, the ICAM-1 polymorphisms were associated with risk of coronary atherosclerotic stenosis in Chinese individuals. PMID:25310099

Zhang, Qingjiang; Xin, Yu; Chen, Yanjun; Tian, Ye

2014-01-01

51

Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 on transitional cell cancer. Possible significance in immunity against tumor cells.  

PubMed Central

Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on 17 of 44 transitional cell cancers (TCCs) but not on normal transitional cells. ICAM-1 was frequently expressed in higher stage tumors, especially in those with abundant immune cells scattered within tumor. Analysis of infiltrating immune cells showed that they were composed mainly of T lymphocytes and a smaller number of macrophages bearing the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1). Expression of ICAM-1 on transitional cell cancer cell lines was augmented by in vitro treatment with interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-1 beta. Furthermore, Northern blot analysis revealed higher quantities of a 3.3-kb RNA in T24 cells exposed to interferon-gamma or tumor necrosis factor-alpha. These results suggest that the expression of ICAM-1 on transitional cell cancers might be modified by cytokines produced by infiltrating immune cells, which might facilitate immune responses against cancer cells. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 5 PMID:8100398

Tomita, Y.; Watanabe, H.; Kobayashi, H.; Nishiyama, T.; Tsuji, S.; Imai, K.; Abo, T.; Fujiwara, M.; Sato, S.

1993-01-01

52

Serum from preeclamptic women induces vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression on human endothelial cells in vitro: A possible role of increased circulating levels of free fatty acids  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The object was to determine whether serum from preeclamptic women induces expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 on cultured endothelial cells.STUDY DESIGN: Endothelial cells were incubated with medium containing 20% serum (volume\\/volume) either from women with preeclampsia (n = 15) or from women with normal pregnancies (n = l 5) matched for maternal age, gestational age, and parity. A

Marit J. R. Endresen; Jonathan M. Morris; Ariadne C. Nobrega; Davina Buckley; Elizabeth A. Linton; Christopher W. G. Redman

1998-01-01

53

A possible connection between adhesion regulating molecule 1 overexpression and nuclear factor kappa B activity in hepatocarcinogenesis.  

PubMed

Adhesion regulating molecule 1 (ADRM1), a 19S proteasome cap-associated protein, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-?B), a protein transcription factor controlling DNA transcription, may play an important role in tumorigenesis. Overexpression of ADRM1 and activation of NF-?B are well-observed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about whether both are functionally connected during hepatocarcinogenesis, and the mechanisms involved. In this study, using laboratory techniques including short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown, immunohistochemistry (IHC), both semi-quantitative and real-time RT-PCR, western blotting, MTT assay, transwell assay, flow cytometry and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), the expression of ADRM1, the effects of ADRM1 knockdown on NF-?B activity, as well as the biological behavior of HCC cells including proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were investigated in the samples from HCC patients and HCC cell lines. We found that both mRNA and protein levels of ADRM1 were increased in HCC tissues and that this increase in ADRM1 expression was parallel to the metastatic potential of HCC cell lines. After ADRM1 knockdown in MHCC97-H cells, the expression of I?B-? was increased and the NF-?B activity was reduced. Furthermore, ADRM1 knockdown inhibited MHCC97-H cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, and the migration and invasion of MHCC97-H cells were significantly repressed. These results indicate that there is a clear functional connection between ADRM1 and NF-?B in hepatocarcinogenesis, despite the precise mechanisms through which the two work together still being unknown. PMID:22576803

Yang, Xin; Miao, Xiongying; Wen, Yu; Hu, Jixiong; Dai, Weidong; Yin, Bangliang

2012-07-01

54

Engineering of Single Ig Superfamily Domain of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1) for Native Fold and Function*  

PubMed Central

The immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily is one of the largest families in the vertebrate genome, found most frequently in cell surface molecules. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) contains five extracellular Ig superfamily domains (D1-D5) of which the first domain, D1, is the binding site for the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and human rhinovirus. Despite the modular nature of many Ig superfamily domains with respect to domain folding and ligand recognition, D1 does not fold on its own due to the loss of its interaction with the second domain. The goal of this study was to engineer ICAM-1 D1 by introducing mutations that would stabilize the Ig superfamily domain fold while retaining its ability to bind to LFA-1 and rhinovirus. First, with a directed evolution approach, we isolated mutations in D1 that showed binding to conformation-specific antibodies and the ligand binding domain of LFA-1 called the inserted, or I, domain. Then, with a rational design approach we introduced mutations that contributed to the stability of ICAM-1 D1 in solution. The mutations that restored native folding of D1 in isolation were those that would convert hydrogen bond networks in buried regions into hydrophobic contacts. Notably, for most mutations, identical or similar types of substitutions were found in ICAM-1 molecules of different species and other ICAM family members. The systematic approach demonstrated in this study to engineer a single Ig superfamily fold in ICAM-1 can be broadly applicable to the engineering of modular Ig superfamily domains in other cell surface molecules. PMID:20304924

Owens, Roisin M.; Gu, Xiaoling; Shin, Miran; Springer, Timothy A.; Jin, Moonsoo M.

2010-01-01

55

Prediction value of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 gene polymorphisms for epithelial ovarian cancer risk, clinical features, and prognosis.  

PubMed

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1, encoded by ICAM-1) is implicated in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. ICAM-1 modulates the susceptibility to several types of cancer and the disease prognosis; however, its role in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is unclear. Here, we evaluate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ICAM-1 as predictors of EOC risk and prognosis. Six ICAM-1 polymorphisms were genotyped in 408 patients with EOC and 520 controls using the MassARRAY system. The ICAM-1 mRNA levels in 89 EOC tissues and 35 normal ovarian tissues were examined using quantitative PCR. The ICAM-1 rs5498 G allele was associated with increased tumor grade (OR=2.650) and EOC risk (OR=1.405). This risk was more evident in females who had first-degree relatives (FDRs) with a tumor (OR=3.475) or who experienced early menarche (OR=2.774). The ICAM-1 expression in the cancerous tissue was elevated compared with that of normal ovarian tissues (p<0.0001), and it was associated with an rs5498 genotype (p=0.0002). ICAM-1 SNPs did not significantly predict the overall EOC survival (p>0.05). However, the rs5498 G allele correlated with EOC survival time in patients whose FDRs suffered from a tumor (p=0.001). ICAM-1 rs5498 likely confers a high risk for EOC in G allele carriers accompanied by up-regulation of ICAM-1 expression during carcinogenesis. The combination of ICAM-1 rs5498 and tumor history predicts the EOC prognosis. PMID:23933413

Cai, Guoqing; Ma, Xiangdong; Zou, Wei; Huang, Yanhong; Zhang, Junru; Wang, Detang; Chen, Biliang

2014-08-01

56

Linoleic acid-stimulated vascular adhesion molecule-1 expression in endothelial cells depends on nuclear factor-kappaB activation.  

PubMed

Endothelial activation is an important step in atherogenesis. In addition to established cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and homocysteinemia, high plasma levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins may be an important cause of endothelial activation as well. Free fatty acids hydrolyzed from core triglycerides of these particles can exert both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects on the vascular wall. omega-3 fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been shown to inhibit cytokine-induced endothelial activation. In contrast, we and others have previously shown that the omega-6 fatty acid linoleate activates transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in endothelial cells. In this study, we show that linoleic acid stimulates vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) protein and mRNA expression in cultured human endothelial cells, as assessed by immunofluorescence and Northern blotting. Release of shedded soluble VCAM-1 from cultured human endothelial cells was also increased by the addition of linoleic acid, as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). By use of cultured rat aortic endothelial cells transfected with an IkappaB super-repressor (DeltaN2 cells), we provide evidence that NF-kappaB signalling is required in the linoleic acid-induced VCAM-1 expression in endothelial cells, whereas other transcription factors appear to be involved in the increased endothelial plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) production in response to linoleic acid. These findings suggest that diets rich in linoleic acid may be proinflammatory and thus atherogenic by activating vascular endothelial cells. PMID:11887169

Dichtl, Wolfgang; Ares, Mikko P S; Jönson, Audrey Niemann; Jovinge, Stefan; Pachinger, Otmar; Giachelli, Cecilia M; Hamsten, Anders; Eriksson, Per; Nilsson, Jan

2002-03-01

57

Modulation of intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 Expression on Human Melanocytes and Melanoma Cells: Evidence for a Regulatory Role of IL6, IL7, TNF?, and UVB Light  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is involved in cell-cell interactions of leukocytes and parenchyma cells and thus plays an important role in immunologic and inflammatory reactions. The expression of ICAM-1 that is found on many different cells such as melanocytes and melanoma cells is induced by various cytokines, including interferon-gamma (IFN?), interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF?). Because expression

Reinhard Kirnbauer; Birgit Charvat; Elisabeth Schauer; Andreas Köck; Agatha Urbanski; Elisabeth Förster; Peter Neuner; Irene Assmann; Thomas A. Luger; Thomas Schwarz

1992-01-01

58

Immunologic changes in TNF-alpha, sE-selectin, sP-selectin, sICAM-1, and IL-8 in pediatric patients treated for psoriasis with the Goeckerman regimen  

SciTech Connect

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which is often manifested during childhood. The present study investigated changes in the serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines and soluble forms of adhesion molecules in children with psoriasis. The observed patient group of 26 children was treated with the Goeckerman regimen. This therapy combines dermal application of crude coal tar with ultraviolet radiation. The Psoriasis Area Severity Index decreased significantly after treatment by with the Goeckerman regimen (p < 0.001). Serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and adhesion molecules sICAM-1, sP-selectin and sE-selectin decreased after the Goeckerman regimen. The TNF-alpha and sICAM-1 decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Our findings support the complex role of these immune parameters in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis in children. The serum level of IL-8 increased after the Goeckerman regimen. This fact indicates that the chemokine pathway of IL-8 activity could be modulated by this treatment, most likely by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Borska, L.; Fiala, Z.; Krejsek, J.; Andrys, C.; Vokurkova, D.; Hamakova, K.; Kremlacek, J.; Ettler, K. [Charles University of Prague, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic). Faculty of Medicine

2007-11-15

59

Cytoadherence of Plasmodium falciparum to intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and chondroitin-4-sulfate expressed by the syncytiotrophoblast in the human placenta.  

PubMed Central

Late stages of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (IRBCs) frequently sequester in the placentas of pregnant women, a phenomenon associated with low birth weight of the offspring. To investigate the physiological mechanism of this sequestration, we developed an in vitro assay for studying the cytoadherence of IRBCs to cultured term human trophoblasts. The capacity for binding to the syncytiotrophoblast varied greatly among P. falciparum isolates and was mediated by intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), as binding was totally inhibited by 84H10, a monoclonal antibody specific for ICAM-1. Binding of the P. falciparum line RP5 to the syncytiotrophoblast involves chondroitin-4-sulfate (CSA), as this binding was dramatically impaired by addition of free CSA to the binding medium or by preincubation of the syncytiotrophoblast with chondroitinase ABC. ICAM-1 and CSA were visualized on the syncytiotrophoblast by immunofluorescence, while CD36, E-selectin, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 were not expressed even on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-stimulated syncytiotrophoblast tissue, and monoclonal antibodies against these cell adhesion molecules did not inhibit cytoadherence. ICAM-1 expression and cytoadherence of wild isolates was upregulated by TNF-alpha, a cytokine that can be secreted by the numerous mononuclear phagocytes present in malaria-infected placentas. These results suggest that cytoadherence may be involved in the placental sequestration and broaden the understanding of the physiopathology of the malaria-infected placenta. PMID:9119459

Maubert, B; Guilbert, L J; Deloron, P

1997-01-01

60

Suppression of complement regulatory protein C1 inhibitor in vascular endothelial activation by inhibiting vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 action  

SciTech Connect

Increased expression of adhesion molecules by activated endothelium is a critical feature of vascular inflammation associated with the several diseases such as endotoxin shock and sepsis/septic shock. Our data demonstrated complement regulatory protein C1 inhibitor (C1INH) prevents endothelial cell injury. We hypothesized that C1INH has the ability of an anti-endothelial activation associated with suppression of expression of adhesion molecule(s). C1INH blocked leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cell monolayer in both static assay and flow conditions. In inflammatory condition, C1INH reduced vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) expression associated with its cytoplasmic mRNA destabilization and nuclear transcription level. Studies exploring the underlying mechanism of C1INH-mediated suppression in VCAM-1 expression were related to reduction of NF-{kappa}B activation and nuclear translocation in an I{kappa}B{alpha}-dependent manner. The inhibitory effects were associated with reduction of inhibitor I{kappa}B kinase activity and stabilization of the NF-{kappa}B inhibitor I{kappa}B. These findings indicate a novel role for C1INH in inhibition of vascular endothelial activation. These observations could provide the basis for new therapeutic application of C1INH to target inflammatory processes in different pathologic situations.

Zhang, Haimou [Center for Infection and Immunity Research, School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, Hubei (China); Qin, Gangjian [Feinberg Cardiovascular Research Institute, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (United States); Liang, Gang [Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Li, Jinan [CBR Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Chiu, Isaac [CBR Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Barrington, Robert A. [CBR Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Liu, Dongxu [Center for Infection and Immunity Research, School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, Hubei (China)]. E-mail: dxliu001@yahoo.com

2007-07-13

61

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 deficiency prolongs survival and protects against the development of pulmonary inflammation during murine lupus.  

PubMed Central

One of the characteristic features of the lupus syndrome in humans and mice is the organ-specific accumulation of leukocytes within a variety of different tissues; however, the etiology of this phenomenon remains unclear. The work presented here determined the role of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in the development of pulmonary leukocyte accumulation by generating MRL/MpJ-Faslpr mice that are genetically deficient in this critical adhesion molecule. Interestingly, these MRL/MpJ-Faslpr ICAM-1 knockout mice exhibit prolonged survival times compared to littermates expressing ICAM-1. We have determined that lack of ICAM-1 completely abrogates the development of pulmonary inflammation but does not prevent the development of autoantibodies, lymphadenopathy, and glomerulonephritis. Furthermore, the lack of pulmonary inflammation was found to be due to decreased migration of leukocytes to the lung rather than decreased in situ proliferation of cells. PMID:9276713

Lloyd, C M; Gonzalo, J A; Salant, D J; Just, J; Gutierrez-Ramos, J C

1997-01-01

62

Delivery of acid sphingomyelinase in normal and niemann-pick disease mice using intercellular adhesion molecule-1-targeted polymer nanocarriers.  

PubMed

Type B Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) is a multiorgan system disorder caused by a genetic deficiency of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM), for which lung is an important and challenging therapeutic target. In this study, we designed and evaluated new delivery vehicles for enzyme replacement therapy of type B NPD, consisting of polystyrene and poly(lactic-coglycolic) acid polymer nanocarriers targeted to intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, an endothelial surface protein up-regulated in many pathologies, including type B NPD. Real-time vascular imaging using intravital microscopy and postmortem imaging of mouse organs showed rapid, uniform, and efficient binding of fluorescently labeled ICAM-1-targeted ASM nanocarriers (anti-ICAM/ASM nanocarriers) to endothelium after i.v. injection in mice. Fluorescence microscopy of lung alveoli actin, tissue histology, and 125I-albumin blood-to-lung transport showed that anti-ICAM nanocarriers cause neither detectable lung injury, nor abnormal vascular permeability in animals. Radioisotope tracing showed rapid disappearance from the circulation and enhanced accumulation of anti-ICAM/125I-ASM nanocarriers over the nontargeted naked enzyme in kidney, heart, liver, spleen, and primarily lung, both in wild-type and ASM knockout mice. These data demonstrate that ICAM-1-targeted nanocarriers may enhance enzyme replacement therapy for type B NPD and perhaps other lysosomal storage disorders. PMID:18287213

Garnacho, Carmen; Dhami, Rajwinder; Simone, Eric; Dziubla, Thomas; Leferovich, John; Schuchman, Edward H; Muzykantov, Vladimir; Muro, Silvia

2008-05-01

63

Soluble adhesion molecules in Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome.  

PubMed

To investigate the immune-mediated response in TS, and its relationship with streptococcal infection, we measured serum levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin in patients with TS, compared to healthy and diseased controls. Soluble VCAM-1 and sE-selectin were significantly elevated in children and adults with TS, and sVCAM-1 was higher among anti-basal ganglia antibodies (ABGA)-positive adults with TS. No correlation of adhesion molecule levels to clinical severity or anti-streptococcal antibodies was observed. Children with Sydenham's chorea and paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) showed an increased level of sICAM-1, but not sVCAM-1 and sE-selectin. These results provide initial evidence for a role of adhesion molecules and systemic inflammation in TS, and support the hypothesis of an ongoing immune-mediated process in this condition. PMID:15941572

Martino, D; Church, A J; Defazio, G; Dale, R C; Quinn, N P; Robertson, M M; Livrea, P; Orth, M; Giovannoni, G

2005-07-15

64

Artemether Combined with shRNA Interference of Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 Significantly Inhibited the Malignant Biological Behavior of Human Glioma Cells  

PubMed Central

Artemether is the derivative extracted from Chinese traditional herb and originally used for malaria. Artemether also has potential therapeutic effects against tumors. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is an important cell surface adhesion molecule associated with malignancy of gliomas. In this work, we investigated the role and mechanism of artemether combined with shRNA interference of VCAM-1 (shRNA-VCAM-1) on the migration, invasion and apoptosis of glioma cells. U87 human glioma cells were treated with artemether at various concentrations and shRNA interfering technology was employed to silence the expression of VCAM-1. Cell viability, migration, invasiveness and apoptosis were assessed with MTT, wound healing, Transwell and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) was checked by Western blot assay. Results showed that artemether and shRNA-VCAM-1 not only significantly inhibited the migration, invasiveness and expression of MMP-2/9 and p-Akt, but also promoted the apoptosis of U87 cells. Combined treatment of both displayed the maximum inhibitory effects on the malignant biological behavior of glioma cells. Our work revealed the potential therapeutic effects of artemether and antiVCAM-1 in the treatments of gliomas. PMID:23593320

Wang, Ping; Xue, Yi-Xue; Yao, Yi-Long; Yu, Bo; Liu, Yun-Hui

2013-01-01

65

Calcium mobilization and Rac1 activation are required for VCAM-1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) stimulation of NADPH oxidase activity.  

PubMed Central

VCAM-1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) plays an important role in the regulation of inflammation in atherosclerosis, asthma, inflammatory bowel disease and transplantation. VCAM-1 activates endothelial cell NADPH oxidase, and this oxidase activity is required for VCAM-1-dependent lymphocyte migration. We reported previously that a mouse microvascular endothelial cell line promotes lymphocyte migration that is dependent on VCAM-1, but not on other known adhesion molecules. Here we have investigated the signalling mechanisms underlying VCAM-1 function. Lymphocyte binding to VCAM-1 on the endothelial cell surface activated an endothelial cell calcium flux that could be inhibited with anti-alpha4-integrin and mimicked by anti-VCAM-1-coated beads. VCAM-1 stimulation of calcium responses could be blocked by an inhibitor of intracellular calcium mobilization, a calcium channel inhibitor or a calcium chelator, resulting in the inhibition of NADPH oxidase activity. Addition of ionomycin overcame the calcium channel blocker suppression of VCAM-1-stimulated NADPH oxidase activity, but could not reverse the inhibitory effect imposed by intracellular calcium blockage, indicating that both intracellular and extracellular calcium mobilization are required for VCAM-1-mediated activation of NADPH oxidase. Furthermore, VCAM-1 specifically activated the Rho-family GTPase Rac1, and VCAM-1 activation of NADPH oxidase was blocked by a dominant negative Rac1. Thus VCAM-1 stimulates the mobilization of intracellular and extracellular calcium and Rac1 activity that are required for the activation of NADPH oxidase. PMID:14594451

Cook-Mills, Joan M; Johnson, Jacob D; Deem, Tracy L; Ochi, Atsuo; Wang, Lei; Zheng, Yi

2004-01-01

66

FRET Based Quantification and Screening Technology Platform for the Interactions of Leukocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 (LFA-1) with InterCellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1)  

PubMed Central

The interaction between leukocyte function-associated antigen-1(LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) plays a pivotal role in cellular adhesion including the extravasation and inflammatory response of leukocytes, and also in the formation of immunological synapse. However, irregular expressions of LFA-1 or ICAM-1 or both may lead to autoimmune diseases, metastasis cancer, etc. Thus, the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction may serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of these diseases. Here, we developed one simple ‘in solution’ steady state fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique to obtain the dissociation constant (Kd) of the interaction between LFA-1 and ICAM-1. Moreover, we developed the assay into a screening platform to identify peptides and small molecules that inhibit the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction. For the FRET pair, we used Alexa Fluor 488-LFA-1 conjugate as donor and Alexa Fluor 555-human recombinant ICAM-1 (D1-D2-Fc) as acceptor. From our quantitative FRET analysis, the Kd between LFA-1 and D1-D2-Fc was determined to be 17.93±1.34 nM. Both the Kd determination and screening assay were performed in a 96-well plate platform, providing the opportunity to develop it into a high-throughput assay. This is the first reported work which applies FRET based technique to determine Kd as well as classifying inhibitors of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction. PMID:25032811

Chakraborty, Sandeep; Nunez, David; Hu, Shih-Yang; Domingo, Maria Pilar; Pardo, Julian; Karmenyan, Artashes; Chiou, Arthur

2014-01-01

67

Tumor Necrosis Factor Induces Early-Onset Endothelial Adhesivity by Protein Kinase C-Dependent Activation of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1  

Microsoft Academic Search

We tested the hypothesis that TNF- induces early-onset endothelial adhesivity toward PMN by activating the constitutive endothelial cell surface ICAM-1, the 2-integrin (CD11\\/CD18) counter-receptor. Stimulation of human pulmonary artery endothelial cells with TNF- resulted in phosphorylation of ICAM-1 within 1 minute, a response that was sustained up to 15 minutes after TNF- challenge. We observed that TNF- induced 10-fold increase

Kamran Javaid; Arshad Rahman; Khandaker N. Anwar; Randall S. Frey; Richard D. Minshall; Asrar B. Malik

68

Allergen-stimulated T lymphocytes from allergic patients induce vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression and IL-6 production by endothelial cells.  

PubMed

Adhesion of inflammatory cells to endothelium is a critical step for their transvascular migration to inflammatory sites. To evaluate the relationship between T lymphocytes (TL) and vascular endothelium, supernatants from allergen-stimulated TL obtained from patients sensitive to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dpt) versus healthy subjects were added to endothelial cell (EC) cultures. TL were stimulated by autologous-activated antigen-presenting cells (APC) previously fixed in paraformaldehyde to prevent monokine secretion. Two parameters were measured: the expression of adhesion molecule and the production of IL-6. Related allergen-stimulated TL supernatants from allergic patients induced an increase of VCAM-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression when supernatants of the control groups (TL exposed to an unrelated allergen or not stimulated or TL obtained from healthy subjects) did not. E-selectin expression was not modulated whatever the supernatant added to EC culture. IL-6 production by EC was significantly enhanced after activation with related allergen-stimulated TL supernatants from allergics compared with control supernatants. Induction of VCAM-1 expression was inhibited by adding neutralizing antibodies against IL-4, whereas IL-6 production and ICAM-1 expression were inhibited by anti-interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) antibodies. Enhanced production of IL-4 and IFN-gamma was detected in related allergen-stimulated TL supernatants from allergic subjects compared with the different supernatants. These data suggest that allergen-specific TL present in the peripheral blood of allergic patients are of Th1 and Th2 subtypes. Their stimulation in allergic patients may lead to the activation of endothelial cells and thereby participate in leucocyte recruitment towards the inflammatory site. PMID:7542574

Delneste, Y; Jeannin, P; Gosset, P; Lassalle, P; Cardot, E; Tillie-Leblond, I; Joseph, M; Pestel, J; Tonnel, A B

1995-07-01

69

Allergen-stimulated T lymphocytes from allergic patients induce vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression and IL-6 production by endothelial cells.  

PubMed Central

Adhesion of inflammatory cells to endothelium is a critical step for their transvascular migration to inflammatory sites. To evaluate the relationship between T lymphocytes (TL) and vascular endothelium, supernatants from allergen-stimulated TL obtained from patients sensitive to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dpt) versus healthy subjects were added to endothelial cell (EC) cultures. TL were stimulated by autologous-activated antigen-presenting cells (APC) previously fixed in paraformaldehyde to prevent monokine secretion. Two parameters were measured: the expression of adhesion molecule and the production of IL-6. Related allergen-stimulated TL supernatants from allergic patients induced an increase of VCAM-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression when supernatants of the control groups (TL exposed to an unrelated allergen or not stimulated or TL obtained from healthy subjects) did not. E-selectin expression was not modulated whatever the supernatant added to EC culture. IL-6 production by EC was significantly enhanced after activation with related allergen-stimulated TL supernatants from allergics compared with control supernatants. Induction of VCAM-1 expression was inhibited by adding neutralizing antibodies against IL-4, whereas IL-6 production and ICAM-1 expression were inhibited by anti-interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) antibodies. Enhanced production of IL-4 and IFN-gamma was detected in related allergen-stimulated TL supernatants from allergic subjects compared with the different supernatants. These data suggest that allergen-specific TL present in the peripheral blood of allergic patients are of Th1 and Th2 subtypes. Their stimulation in allergic patients may lead to the activation of endothelial cells and thereby participate in leucocyte recruitment towards the inflammatory site. PMID:7542574

Delneste, Y; Jeannin, P; Gosset, P; Lassalle, P; Cardot, E; Tillie-Leblond, I; Joseph, M; Pestel, J; Tonnel, A B

1995-01-01

70

Magnetic resonance molecular imaging of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in inflammatory lesions using a peptide-vectorized paramagnetic imaging probe.  

PubMed

The vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) has distinct roles in inflammatory cell recruitment to the damaged vessel wall. In the present work, a cyclic heptapeptide phage displayed library was screened in vitro during four rounds of biopanning. On the basis of Kd and IC50 values, a peptide (encoded as R832) was selected for in vitro and in vivo validation. After conjugation to Gd-DOTA, VCAM-1 imaging was assessed by MRI on a model of T cell mediated hepatitis, induced in mice by concanavalin A. On histological samples, the location of biotinylated R832 (R832-Bt) around liver veins in hepatitis resembles the pattern of MRI enhancement. Gd-DOTA-R832 was then assessed on ApoE(-/-) mice and produced an important signal enhancement of the aortic wall, while R832-Bt interacted with morphologic structures comparable to those marked by anti-VCAM-1 antibody. In conclusion, the in vitro and in vivo evaluation of peptide R832 suggests a specific interaction with the targeted biomolecule. Its conjugation to imaging reporters could assist the diagnosis of inflammatory diseases. PMID:19580288

Burtea, Carmen; Laurent, Sophie; Port, Marc; Lancelot, Eric; Ballet, Sébastien; Rousseaux, Olivier; Toubeau, Gérard; Vander Elst, Luce; Corot, Claire; Muller, Robert N

2009-08-13

71

Elevation of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 levels, but not angiopoietin 2, in the plasma of human immunodeficiency virus-infected African women with clinical Kaposi sarcoma.  

PubMed

Circulating levels of endothelial activation biomarkers are elevated in during infection with human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) and may also be increased in Kaposi sarcoma (KS). We compared 23 HIV-1-seropositive women with clinically diagnosed KS with 46 randomly selected controls matched for visit year, CD4 count, and antiretroviral therapy status. Conditional logistic regression was used to identify differences between cases and controls. The odds of clinical KS increased with increasing plasma viral load and with intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) levels above or equal to the median. There was a borderline association between increasing plasma angiopoietin 2 levels and KS. In multivariable modeling including plasma viral load, angiopoietin 2, and ICAM-1, plasma ICAM-1 levels above or equal to the median remained associated with clinical KS (odds ratio = 14.2, 95% confidence interval = 2.3-87.7). Circulating ICAM-1 levels should be evaluated as a potential biomarker for disease progression and treatment response among HIV-infected KS patients. PMID:25002294

Graham, Susan M; Rajwans, Nimerta; Richardson, Barbra A; Jaoko, Walter; McClelland, R Scott; Overbaugh, Julie; Liles, W Conrad

2014-10-01

72

Blocking lymphotoxin-? receptor activation diminishes inflammation via reduced mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) expression and leucocyte margination in chronic DSS-induced colitis  

PubMed Central

The lymphotoxin-? receptor (LT?R) pathway is critical for maintenance of organized lymphoid structures and is involved in the development of colitis. To investigate the mechanisms by which LT?R activation contributes to the pathology of chronic inflammation we used a soluble LT?R-Ig fusion protein as a competitive inhibitor of LT?R activation in the mouse model of chronic colitis induced by oral administration of dextran sulphate sodium. Strong expression of LT? which constitutes part of the LT?1?2 ligand complex was detected in colonic tissue of mice with chronic colitis. Treatment with LT?R-Ig significantly attenuated the development and histological manifestations of the chronic inflammation and reduced the production of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF, IL-1?, and IL-6. Moreover, LT?R-Ig treatment significantly down-regulated mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) expression, leading to reduced leucocyte rolling and sticking in postcapillary and collecting venules and reduced extravasation into the intestinal mucosa as quantified by in vivo fluorescence microscopy. Thus, LT?R pathway inhibition ameliorates DSS-induced experimental chronic colitis in mice by MAdCAM-1 down-regulation entailing reduced lymphocyte margination and extravasation into the inflamed mucosa. Therefore, a combined treatment with reagents blocking T cell-mediated perpetuation of chronic inflammation such as LT?R-Ig together with direct anti-inflammatory reagents such as TNF inhibitors could constitute a promising treatment strategy for chronic colitis. PMID:15030510

STOPFER, P; OBERMEIER, F; DUNGER, N; FALK, W; FARKAS, S; JANOTTA, M; MOLLER, A; MANNEL, D N; HEHLGANS, T

2004-01-01

73

Cocaine-associated retiform purpura: a C5b-9-mediated microangiopathy syndrome associated with enhanced apoptosis and high levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression.  

PubMed

Cocaine-associated retiform purpura is a recently described entity characterized by striking hemorrhagic necrosis involving areas of skin associated with administration of cocaine. Levamisole, an adulterant in cocaine, has been suggested as the main culprit pathogenetically. Four cases of cocaine-associated retiform purpura were encountered in the dermatopathology practice of C. M. Magro. The light microscopic findings were correlated with immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence studies. All 4 cases showed a very striking thrombotic diathesis associated with intravascular macrophage accumulation. Necrotizing vasculitis was noted in 1 case. Striking intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)/CD54 expression in vessel wall along with endothelial expression of caspase 3 and extensive vascular C5b-9 deposition was observed in all biopsies examined. Cocaine-induced retiform purpura is a C5b-9-mediated microvascular injury associated with enhanced apoptosis and prominent vascular expression of ICAM-1, all of which have been shown in prior in vitro and in vivo murine models to be a direct effect of cocaine metabolic products. Antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody and antiphospholipid antibodies are likely the direct sequelae of the proapoptotic microenvironment. The inflammatory vasculitic lesion could reflect the downstream end point reflective of enhanced ICAM-1 expression and the development of antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody. Levamisole likely works synergistically with cocaine in the propagation of this syndromic complex. PMID:23392134

Magro, Cynthia M; Wang, Xuan

2013-10-01

74

Carcinoembryonic Antigen-Related Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 Modulates Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis via an iNKT Cell-Dependent Mechanism  

PubMed Central

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cellular adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is a CEA family member that has been reported to have an important role in the regulation of Th1-mediated colitis. In this study, we examined the role of CEACAM1 in an animal model of multiple sclerosis, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Treatment of C57BL/6J mice with CEACAM1-Fc fusion protein, a homophilic ligand of CEACAM1, inhibited the severity of EAE and reduced myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein-derived peptide (MOG35–55)-reactive interferon-? and interleukin-17 production. In contrast, treatment of these animals with AgB10, an anti-mouse CEACAM1 blocking monoclonal antibody, generated increased severity of EAE in association with increased MOG35–55-specific induction of both interferon-? and interleukin-17. These results indicated that the signal elicited through CEACAM1 ameliorated EAE disease severity. Furthermore, we found that there was both a rapid and enhanced expression of CEACAM1 on invariant natural killer T cells after activation. The effect of CEACAM1-Fc fusion protein and anti-CEACAM1 mAb on both EAE and MOG35–55-reactive cytokine responses were abolished in invariant natural killer T cell–deficient J?18?/? mice. Taken together, the ligation of CEACAM1 negatively regulates the severity of EAE by reducing MOG35–55-specific induction of both interferon-? and interleukin-17 via invariant natural killer T cell-dependent mechanisms. PMID:19700760

Fujita, Mayumi; Otsuka, Takao; Mizuno, Miho; Tomi, Chiharu; Yamamura, Takashi; Miyake, Sachiko

2009-01-01

75

Modulation by cytokines of HLA antigens, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and high molecular weight melanoma associated antigen expression and of immune lysis of clones derived from the melanoma cell line MeM 50-10  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Clones were isolated from the cultured human melanoma cell line MeM 50-10, which metastasizes in nude mice with a pattern similar to that in patients with melanoma. Analysis with monoclonal antibodies detected heterogeneity among the clones in the expression of HLA class I antigens, HLA class II antigens, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and high molecular weight melanoma associated antigen.

Michele Maio; Beena Gulwani; Sandra Tombesi; Soldano Ferrone

1989-01-01

76

Glycosylation-dependent cell adhesion molecule 1 (GlyCAM 1) mucin is expressed by lactating mammary gland epithelial cells and is present in milk.  

PubMed Central

Glycosylation-dependent cell adhesion molecule 1 (GlyCAM 1) is a mucinlike endothelial glycoprotein that acts as an adhesive ligand for L selectin by presenting one or more O-linked carbohydrates to the lectin domain of this leukocyte cell surface selectin. The GlyCAM 1 glycoprotein has been previously shown to be expressed specifically by the endothelial cells of peripheral and mesenteric lymph nodes and in an unknown site in lung. Here we report that this protein is also expressed during lactation by mammary epithelial cells. Northern blot analysis has shown that the mRNA for GlyCAM 1 appears to be induced during pregnancy in a manner similar to that previously described for hormonally induced milk proteins. In situ hybridization analysis reveals that the site of GlyCAM 1 synthesis in the mammary gland is in the epithelial cells that produce these same milk proteins. Immunohistochemistry of mammary glands using antisera directed against GlyCAM 1 peptides demonstrates that these epithelial cells contain GlyCAM 1 protein, and that this protein is also found lumenally in the milk of the secreting mammary gland. Analysis of murine milk shows that immunoreactive GlyCAM 1 is found in the soluble whey fraction. Finally, labeling analysis of milk GlyCAM 1 has demonstrated that this form of the glycoprotein lacks the sulfate-modified carbohydrate that has recently been shown to be required for the ligand binding activity to L selectin. The nonsulfated mammary GlyCAM 1 is unable to interact with L selectin, consistent with the hypothesis that milk GlyCAM 1 has a different function than endothelial GlyCAM 1. These data thus suggest that milk GlyCAM 1 is a hormonally regulated milk protein that is part of the milk mucin complex. In addition, the finding that the mammary form of GlyCAM 1 contains different carbohydrate modifications than the endothelial form suggests that this glycoprotein may be a scaffold for carbohydrates that mediate functions in addition to cell adhesion. Images PMID:8349827

Dowbenko, D; Kikuta, A; Fennie, C; Gillett, N; Lasky, L A

1993-01-01

77

Cell adhesion molecules in bladder cancer: soluble serum E-cadherin correlates with predictors of recurrence.  

PubMed Central

Sera from 40 patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer (28 superficial tumours (pTa and pT1) and 12 muscle-invasive tumours) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to determine the concentrations of soluble E-cadherin (sE-cadherin), soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1). Corresponding frozen sections of primary tumour were analysed for E-cadherin expression using the monoclonal antibody, HECD-1 and standard immunohistochemistry. Patients with bladder cancer had significantly higher concentrations of sE-cadherin compared with a control group (P = 0.017). No difference was found between the two groups with regard to sE-selection (P = 0.403), sVCAM-1 (P = 0.942) and sICAM-1 (P = 0.092). High levels of sE-cadherin were related to poor histological grade (P = 0.009), number of superficial tumours at presentation (P = 0.008) and a positive 3 month check cytoscopy in superficial disease (P = 0.036). Abnormal E-cadherin expression was associated with increasing tumour stage (P = 0.009) and grade (P = 0.03). There was no correlation between high levels of soluble E-cadherin in sera and abnormal E-cadherin expression by the tumour (P = 0.077). Elevated levels of sE-cadherin are found in sera of patients with bladder cancer and correlate with known prognostic factors. PMID:8761373

Griffiths, T. R.; Brotherick, I.; Bishop, R. I.; White, M. D.; McKenna, D. M.; Horne, C. H.; Shenton, B. K.; Neal, D. E.; Mellon, J. K.

1996-01-01

78

Leukocyte Function-associated Antigen-1/Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Interaction Induces a Novel Genetic Signature Resulting in T-cells Refractory to Transforming Growth Factor-? Signaling*  

PubMed Central

The immunesuppressive cytokine TGF-? plays crucial regulatory roles in the induction and maintenance of immunologic tolerance and prevention of immunopathologies. However, it remains unclear how circulating T-cells can escape from the quiescent state maintained by TGF-?. Here, we report that the T-cell integrin leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) interaction with its ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) induces a genetic signature associated with reduced TGF-? responsiveness via up-regulation of SKI, E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase SMURF2, and SMAD7 (mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 7) genes and proteins. We confirmed that the expression of these TGF-? inhibitory molecules was dependent on STAT3 and/or JNK activation. Increased expression of SMAD7 and SMURF2 in LFA-1/ICAM-1 cross-linked T-cells resulted in impaired TGF-?-mediated phosphorylation of SMAD2 and suppression of IL-2 secretion. Expression of SKI caused resistance to TGF-?-mediated suppression of IL-2, but SMAD2 phosphorylation was unaffected. Blocking LFA-1 by neutralizing antibody or specific knockdown of TGF-? inhibitory molecules by siRNA substantially restored LFA-1/ICAM-1-mediated alteration in TGF-? signaling. LFA-1/ICAM-1-stimulated human and mouse T-cells were refractory to TGF-?-mediated induction of FOXP3+ (forkhead box P3) and ROR?t+ (retinoic acid-related orphan nuclear receptor ?t) Th17 differentiation. These mechanistic data suggest an important role for LFA-1/ICAM-1 interactions in immunoregulation concurrent with lymphocyte migration that may have implications at the level of local inflammatory response and for anti-LFA-1-based therapies. PMID:22707713

Verma, Navin K.; Dempsey, Eugene; Long, Aideen; Davies, Anthony; Barry, Sean P.; Fallon, Padraic G.; Volkov, Yuri; Kelleher, Dermot

2012-01-01

79

Polysialylation of the Synaptic Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (SynCAM 1) Depends Exclusively on the Polysialyltransferase ST8SiaII in Vivo*  

PubMed Central

Polysialic acid is a unique carbohydrate polymer specifically attached to a limited number of glycoproteins. Among them is synaptic cell adhesion molecule 1 (SynCAM 1), a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily composed of three extracellular Ig-like domains. Polysialylation of SynCAM 1 is cell type-specific and was exclusively found in NG2 cells, a class of multifunctional progenitor cells that form specialized synapses with neurons. Here, we studied the molecular requirements for SynCAM 1 polysialylation. Analysis of mice lacking one of the two polysialyltransferases, ST8SiaII or ST8SiaIV, revealed that polysialylation of SynCAM 1 is exclusively mediated by ST8SiaII throughout postnatal brain development. Alternative splicing of the three variable exons 8a, 8b, and 8c can theoretically give rise to eight transmembrane isoforms of SynCAM 1. We detected seven transcript variants in the developing mouse brain, including three variants containing exon 8c, which was so far regarded as a cryptic exon in mice. Polysialylation of SynCAM 1 was restricted to four isoforms in perinatal brain. However, cell culture experiments demonstrated that all transmembrane isoforms of SynCAM 1 can be polysialylated by ST8SiaII. Moreover, analysis of domain deletion constructs revealed that Ig1, which harbors the polysialylation site, is not sufficient as an acceptor for ST8SiaII. The minimal polypeptide required for polysialylation contained Ig1 and Ig2, suggesting an important role for Ig2 as a docking site for ST8SiaII. PMID:22908220

Rollenhagen, Manuela; Kuckuck, Sarah; Ulm, Christina; Hartmann, Maike; Galuska, Sebastian P.; Geyer, Rudolf; Geyer, Hildegard; Mühlenhoff, Martina

2012-01-01

80

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 inhibits osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells and impairs bio-scaffold-mediated bone regeneration in vivo.  

PubMed

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) loaded bio-scaffold transplantation is a promising therapeutic approach for bone regeneration and repair. However, growing evidence shows that pro-inflammatory mediators from injured tissues suppress osteogenic differentiation and impair bone formation. To improve MSC-based bone regeneration, it is important to understand the mechanism of inflammation mediated osteogenic suppression. In the present study, we found that synovial fluid from rheumatoid arthritis patients and pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-1?, interleukin-1?, and tumor necrosis factor ?, stimulated intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1) expression and impaired osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. Interestingly, overexpression of ICAM-1 in MSCs using a genetic approach also inhibited osteogenesis. In contrast, ICAM-1 knockdown significantly reversed the osteogenic suppression. In addition, after transplanting a traceable MSC-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) construct in rat calvarial defects, we found that ICAM-1 suppressed MSC osteogenic differentiation and matrix mineralization in vivo. Mechanistically, we found that ICAM-1 enhances MSC proliferation but causes stem cell marker loss. Furthermore, overexpression of ICAM-1 stably activated the MAPK and NF-?B pathways but suppressed the PI3K/AKT pathway in MSCs. More importantly, specific inhibition of the ERK/MAPK and NF-?B pathways or activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway partially rescued osteogenic differentiation, while inhibition of the p38/MAPK and PI3K/AKT pathway caused more serious osteogenic suppression. In summary, our findings reveal a novel function of ICAM-1 in osteogenesis and suggest a new molecular target to improve bone regeneration and repair in inflammatory microenvironments. PMID:24702024

Xu, Fen-Fen; Zhu, Heng; Li, Xi-Mei; Yang, Fei; Chen, Ji-De; Tang, Bo; Sun, Hong-Guang; Chu, Ya-Nan; Zheng, Rong-Xiu; Liu, Yuan-Lin; Wang, Li-Sheng; Zhang, Yi

2014-10-01

81

Ultraviolet radiation can either suppress or induce expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) on the surface of cultured human keratinocytes  

SciTech Connect

Interactions of the ligand/receptor pair LFA-1(CD11a/CD18) and ICAM-1(CD54) initiate and control the cell-cell interactions of leukocytes and interactions of leukocytes with parenchymal cells in all phases of the immune response. Induction of the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) on the surface of epidermal keratinocytes has been proposed as an important regulator of contact-dependent aspects of cutaneous inflammation. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) also modifies cutaneous inflammation, producing both up- and down-regulation of contact hypersensitivity. We have found that UVR has a biphasic effect on the induction of keratinocyte CD54. Using immunofluorescence and FACS techniques to quantitate cell-surface CD54 staining, we have shown that UVR significantly (p less than 0.01) inhibits keratinocyte CD54 induction by gamma interferon 24 h after irradiation. However, at 48, 72, and 96 h after UVR, CD54 expression is significantly induced to levels even greater than are induced by gamma interferon (20 U/ml). In addition, at 48, 72, or 96 h following UVR (30-100 mJ/cm2), the gamma-interferon-induced CD54 expression on human keratinocytes is also strongly (p less than 0.05 to p less than 0.001) enhanced. In this cell-culture system, gamma interferon and TNF-alpha are both strong CD54 inducers and are synergistic, but GM-CSF, TFG-beta, and IL-1 have no direct CD54-inducing effects. Thus the effects of UVR on CD54 induction are biphasic, producing inhibition at 24 h and induction at 48, 72, and 96 h. This effect on CD54 may contribute to the biphasic effects of UVR on delayed hypersensitivity in vivo. The early inhibition of ICAM-1 by UVR may also contribute to the therapeutic effects of UVR. We also speculate that the late induction of ICAM-1 by UVR might be an important step in the induction of photosensitive diseases such as lupus erythematosus.

Norris, D.A.; Lyons, M.B.; Middleton, M.H.; Yohn, J.J.; Kashihara-Sawami, M. (Univ. of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver (USA))

1990-08-01

82

Soluble adhesion molecules as markers of native arteriovenous fistula thrombosis in children on uremia.  

PubMed

Vascular access represents a lifeline for children undergoing hemodialysis. A failure of vascular access among patients receiving regular hemodialysis is associated with increased morbidity, mortality and costs. We assessed the possibility of using soluble adhesion molecules as reliable predictors of vascular access failure in children on hemodialysis. Moreover, we evaluated whether there is an association among the different studied adhesion molecules in hemodialysis patients with thrombosed and non-thrombosed arteriovenous fistula fistulas (AVFs). This study included 55 hemodialysis children, 36 with good access and 19 with access failure, and 20 healthy volunteers. Forty-four patients had native AVFs and 11 patients had tunneled permanent catheter (11with thrombosed and 33 with non-thrombosed AVFs). Serum-soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) and soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) were measured using ELISA technique. A significant increase was found in the levels of sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, sE-selectin and sP-selectin versus controls and all hemodialysis patients, hemodialysis patients with good access and hemodialysis patients with access failure (P=0.001 for sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 and P=0.0001 for sE-selectin and sP-selectin). A significant increase was found in the levels of sVCAM-1, sE-selectin and sP-selectin in both chronic hemodialysis patients with thrombosed and non-thrombosed native AVFs versus controls (P=0.0001 for all parameters). There was significant difference between both chronic hemodialysis patients with thrombosed and non-thrombosed native AVFs as regard to sVCAM-1 (54.64±30.82 versus 25.69±27.96ng/ml, P=0.04). Both sICAM-1 and sP-selectin were positively correlated with the erythropoietin (EPO) dose in hemodialysis children (r=0.31, P=0.04 and r=0.32, P=0.04, respectively). A significant positive association was found between E-selectin and sP-selectin in hemodialysis patients with thrombosed AVFs (r=0.83, P=0.04). There was a significant correlation between sVCAM-1 and EPO dose in thrombosed AVF group (r=0.84, P=0.01). The assessment of serum sVCAM-1 might be useful for the identification of the chronic hemodialysis patients at an increased risk for native AVFs thrombosis. The role of EPO in vascular access failure should be taken into consideration. The clinical relevance of these observations warrants further investigations. PMID:24806324

Fadel, Fatina I; Elshamaa, Manal F; Nabhan, Marwa M; Essam, Rascha G; Kantoush, Nagwa; El Sonbaty, Marwa M; Raafat, Mona; Abd-El Haleem, Dalia A

2014-10-01

83

Mediation by NF-?B of cytokine induced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) in an intestinal epithelial cell line, a process blocked by proteasome inhibitors  

PubMed Central

Background/aims—The gene promoter for the intercellular adhesion molecule ICAM-1 possesses binding sites for several transcriptional factors, including nuclear factor ?B (NF-?B). The role of NF-?B in ICAM-1 gene regulation was therefore examined by using different proteasome inhibitors in tumour necrosis factor ? (TNF-?) stimulated IEC-6 rat intestinal epithelial cells. ?Methods—ICAM-1 expression was analysed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry. Steady state levels of cytoplasmic I?B protein were evaluated by western blot, and nuclear translocation of NF-?B was determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and immunofluorescence staining. Cell adhesion was assayed by measuring the binding of fluorescence labelled MOLT-4 cells. ?Results—TNF-? induced ICAM-1 mRNA and protein expression in IEC-6 cells, which was followed by increased adhesion of MOLT-4 lymphocytes. Blocking TNF-? induced I?B? degradation with proteasome inhibitors reduced TNF-? induced NF-?B activation and ICAM-1 gene induction and notably decreased MOLT-4 cell adhesion without affecting Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK/SAPK) activity or de novo protein synthesis. ?Conclusion—TNF-? induction of ICAM-1 expression is mediated by the transcription factor NF-?B and can be inhibited by blocking I?B? degradation. Thus the I?B/NF-?B system is a promising target for pharmacological modulation of the expression of adhesion molecules and other inflammatory genes in the intestine. ?? Keywords: adhesion molecules; ICAM-1; cytokines; tumour necrosis factor ?; intestinal inflammation; NF-?B. PMID:9691914

Jobin, C; Hellerbrand, C; Licato, L; Brenner, D; Sartor, R

1998-01-01

84

Pentosan polysulfate treatment ameliorates motor function with increased serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in HTLV-1-associated neurologic disease.  

PubMed

The main therapeutic strategy against human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) characterized by lower extremity motor dysfunction is immunomodulatory treatment, with drugs such as corticosteroid hormone and interferon-?, at present. However, there are many issues in long-term treatment with these drugs, such as insufficient effects and various side effects. We now urgently need to develop other therapeutic strategies. The heparinoid, pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS), has been safely used in Europe for the past 50 years as a thrombosis prophylaxis and for the treatment of phlebitis. We conducted a clinical trial to test the effect of subcutaneous administration of PPS in 12 patients with HAM/TSP in an open-labeled design. There was a marked improvement in lower extremity motor function, based on reduced spasticity, such as a reduced time required for walking 10 m and descending a flight of stairs. There were no significant changes in HTLV-I proviral copy numbers in peripheral blood contrary to the inhibitory effect of PPS in vitro for intercellular spread of HTLV-I. However, serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1 was significantly increased without significant changes of serum level of chemokines (CXCL10 and CCL2). There was a positive correlation between increased sVCAM-1and reduced time required for walking 10 m. PPS might induce neurological improvement by inhibition of chronic inflammation in the spinal cord, through blocking the adhesion cascade by increasing serum sVCAM-1, in addition to rheological improvement of the microcirculation. PPS has the potential to be a new therapeutic tool for HAM/TSP. PMID:24671717

Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Satoh, Katsuya; Fukuda, Taku; Kinoshita, Ikuo; Nishiura, Yoshihiro; Nagasato, Kunihiko; Yamauchi, Atsushi; Kataoka, Yasufumi; Nakamura, Tadahiro; Sasaki, Hitoshi; Kumagai, Kenji; Niwa, Masami; Noguchi, Mitsuru; Nakamura, Hideki; Nishida, Noriyuki; Kawakami, Atsushi

2014-06-01

85

Prevention of reovirus type 2-induced diabetes-like syndrome in DBA/1 suckling mice by treatment with antibodies against intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1.  

PubMed Central

Reovirus type 2-induced diabetes-like syndrome in suckling mice is considered to be an animal model for human insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We have previously demonstrated that immunopathologic pancreatic islet cell damage might be relevant to reovirus type 2 infection. In this study the involvement of adhesion molecules in the development of reovirus type 2-induced diabetes-like syndrome was examined. In infected mice infiltration of mononuclear cells mixed with polymorphonuclear leucocytes in and around pancreatic islets (insulitis) was observed in association with abnormal glucose tolerance. The treatment with monoclonal antibodies against intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) prevented the development of insulitis with abnormal glucose tolerance in a dose dependent manner. These results suggest that ICAM-1 and LFA-1 molecules may, at least in part, participate in islet cell damage, resulting in reovirus type 2-induced diabetes-like syndrome. The role of ICAM-1 and LFA-1 molecules on the development of insulitis is discussed. Images Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:8652360

Hayashi, T.; Yamamoto, S.; Onodera, T.

1995-01-01

86

Small GTPase Rho signaling is involved in {beta}1 integrin-mediated up-regulation of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and receptor activator of nuclear factor {kappa}B ligand on osteoblasts and osteoclast maturation  

SciTech Connect

We assessed the characteristics of human osteoblasts, focusing on small GTPase Rho signaling. {beta}1 Integrin were highly expressed on osteoblasts. Engagement of {beta}1 integrins by type I collagen augmented expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and receptor activator of nuclear factor {kappa}B ligand (RANKL) on osteoblasts. Rho was activated by {beta}1 stimulation in osteoblasts. {beta}1 Integrin-induced up-regulation of ICAM-1 and RANKL was inhibited by transfection with adenoviruses encoding C3 transferase or pretreated with Y-27632, specific Rho and Rho-kinase inhibitors. Engagement of {beta}1 integrin on osteoblasts induced formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multinuclear cells (MNC) in a coculture system of osteoblasts and peripheral monocytes, but this action was completely abrogated by transfection of C3 transferase. Our results indicate the direct involvement of Rho-mediated signaling in {beta}1 integrin-induced up-regulation of ICAM-1 and RANKL and RANKL-dependent osteoclast maturation. Thus, Rho-mediated signaling in osteoblasts seems to introduce major biases to bone resorption.

Hirai, Fumihiko [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Nakayamada, Shingo [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Okada, Yosuke [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Saito, Kazuyoshi [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Kurose, Hitoshi [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582 (Japan); Mogami, Akira [Pharmaceuticals Research Unit Research and Development Division Mitsubishi Pharma Corporation, Kamoshida-cho, Aoba-ku, Yokohama 227-0033 (Japan); Tanaka, Yoshiya [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan)]. E-mail: tanaka@med.uoeh-u.ac.jp

2007-04-27

87

Ursolic acid, a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, inhibits intracellular trafficking of proteins and induces accumulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 linked to high-mannose-type glycans in the endoplasmic reticulum  

PubMed Central

Ursolic acid (3?-hydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid) is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid that is present in many plants, including medicinal herbs, and foods. Ursolic acid was initially identified as an inhibitor of the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in response to interleukin-1? (IL-1?). We report here a novel biological activity: ursolic acid inhibits intracellular trafficking of proteins. Ursolic acid markedly inhibited the IL-1?-induced cell-surface ICAM-1 expression in human cancer cell lines and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. By contrast, ursolic acid exerted weak inhibitory effects on the IL-1?-induced ICAM-1 expression at the protein level. Surprisingly, we found that ursolic acid decreased the apparent molecular weight of ICAM-1 and altered the structures of N-linked oligosaccharides bound to ICAM-1. Ursolic acid induced the accumulation of ICAM-1 in the endoplasmic reticulum, which was linked mainly to high-mannose-type glycans. Moreover, in ursolic-acid-treated cells, the Golgi apparatus was fragmented into pieces and distributed over the cells. Thus, our results reveal that ursolic acid inhibits intracellular trafficking of proteins and induces the accumulation of ICAM-1 linked to high-mannose-type glycans in the endoplasmic reticulum. PMID:24649404

Mitsuda, Satoshi; Yokomichi, Tomonobu; Yokoigawa, Junpei; Kataoka, Takao

2014-01-01

88

Adhesion  

MedlinePLUS

... as the shoulder Eyes Inside the abdomen or pelvis Adhesions can become larger or tighter over time. ... Other causes of adhesions in the abdomen or pelvis include: Appendicitis , most often when the appendix breaks ...

89

Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 on human thyroid cells from patients with autoimmune thyroid disease: study of thyroid xenografts in nude and severe combined immunodeficient mice and treatment with FK-506.  

PubMed

It has been suggested that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) may play an important role in the initiation, localization, and perpetuation of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD). In an effort to clarify its role, we have investigated the expression of ICAM-1 on thyroid epithelial cells (TEC) of patients with AITD, patients with nontoxic goiter (NTG), and normal subjects (PN) by flow cytometric analysis under basal conditions and after modulation with cytokines, before and after 8 weeks of thyroid tissue xenotransplantation in nude athymic mice (which lyses all passenger lymphocytes), and in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice where these cells survive. Before xenografting, ICAM-1 was expressed on 56% of TEC from Hashimoto's thyroiditis (n = 5), 54% of Graves' disease (n = 6), 15% of NTG (n = 5), and 12% of PN TEC. After the xenografts had been 8 weeks in nude mice, ICAM-1 expression decreased markedly in AITD TEC [from 56% to 10% in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (P < 0.001) and from 54% to 8% in Graves' disease (P < 0.01)], but did not change significantly in NTG or PN. After the xenografts had been 8 weeks in SCID mice, the expression of ICAM-1 was significantly higher on TEC of AITD compared with the same tissue in nude mice. When the SCID mice engrafted with AITD tissue were treated with the anti-CD4+ T (helper) cell agent FK-506, the expression of ICAM-1 was reduced significantly compared with that in the original tissue or that in nontreated mice engrafted with the same tissue. The proportion of TEC that were ICAM-1 positive was up-regulated in all cases by certain cytokines (e.g. interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha applied alone or in combination). We also detected the presence of ICAM-1 in AITD frozen tissues using an immunohistochemical technique. These data suggest a role for ICAM-1 in human AITD. However, the expression of ICAM-1 appears to be a secondary phenomenon in response to the immune assault, rather than a primary event. Our results support the idea that TEC may act as passive captives to immunological events in human AITD. PMID:8530625

Arreaza, G; Yoshikawa, N; Mukuta, T; Resetkova, E; Barsuk, A; Nishikawa, M; Muallim, C; Miller, N; Jamieson, C; Volpé, R

1995-12-01

90

Pervanadate-induced shedding of the intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 ectodomain is mediated by membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In several vascular diseases, the ectodomain of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 is shed by the proteolytic activity\\u000a of a zinc-dependent endopeptidase, releasing a soluble form of the protein (sICAM-1), a common marker for inflammatory diseases.\\u000a Since reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during prolonged inflammation are known to induce shedding or cleavage of several\\u000a transmembrane proteins, we sought to explore the

E. Essick; S. Sithu; W. Dean; S. D’Souza

2008-01-01

91

Circulating soluble ICAM-1 levels shows linkage to ICAM gene cluster region on chromosome 19: The NHLBI Family Heart Study follow-up examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atherogenesis is a chronic inflammatory process in which intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) plays a critical role. Circulating soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) is thought to be the result of cleavage of membrane-bound ICAM-1 and its concentration in serum\\/plasma has been shown to be heritable. Genome-wide linkage scans were conducted for quantitative trait loci influencing sICAM-1. Phenotype and genetic marker data were

Suzette J. Bielinski; James S. Pankow; Catherine Leiendecker Foster; Michael B. Miller; Paul N. Hopkins; John H. Eckfeldt; Jim Hixson; Yongmei Liu; Tom Register; Richard H. Myers; Donna K. Arnett

2008-01-01

92

Soluble ICAM-1 serum levels in patients with intermediate uveitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo investigate whether serum levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) can serve as a marker of the presence of systemic disease in intermediate uveitis.METHODSIn a multicentre study sICAM-1 serum levels were measured in 61 patients with idiopathic intermediate uveitis, controls included 56 uveitis patients with a systemic disease (26 sarcoid associated uveitis and 30 HLA-B27 positive acute anterior

Anne-Marie Klok; Leny Luyendijk; Michel J W Zaal; Aniki Rothova; Aize Kijlstra

1999-01-01

93

Eosinophils Adhere to Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 via Podosomes  

E-print Network

, FACS; filamentous actin, F-actin; fetal bovine serum, FBS; fluorescein isothiocyanate, FITC; formyl-mail: mwj@medicine.wisc.edu Abbreviations: a disintegrin and metalloprotease, ADAM; bovine serum albumin

Mosher, Deane F.

94

Intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs) and spermatogenesis  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND During the seminiferous epithelial cycle, restructuring takes places at the Sertoli–Sertoli and Sertoli–germ cell interface to accommodate spermatogonia/spermatogonial stem cell renewal via mitosis, cell cycle progression and meiosis, spermiogenesis and spermiation since developing germ cells, in particular spermatids, move ‘up and down’ the seminiferous epithelium. Furthermore, preleptotene spermatocytes differentiated from type B spermatogonia residing at the basal compartment must traverse the blood–testis barrier (BTB) to enter the adluminal compartment to prepare for meiosis at Stage VIII of the epithelial cycle, a process also accompanied by the release of sperm at spermiation. These cellular events that take place at the opposite ends of the epithelium are co-ordinated by a functional axis designated the apical ectoplasmic specialization (ES)—BTB—basement membrane. However, the regulatory molecules that co-ordinate cellular events in this axis are not known. METHODS Literature was searched at http://www.pubmed.org and http://scholar.google.com to identify published findings regarding intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs) and the regulation of this axis. RESULTS Members of the ICAM family, namely ICAM-1 and ICAM-2, and the biologically active soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) are the likely regulatory molecules that co-ordinate these events. sICAM-1 and ICAM-1 have antagonistic effects on the Sertoli cell tight junction-permeability barrier, involved in Sertoli cell BTB restructuring, whereas ICAM-2 is restricted to the apical ES, regulating spermatid adhesion during the epithelial cycle. Studies in other epithelia/endothelia on the role of the ICAM family in regulating cell movement are discussed and this information has been evaluated and integrated into studies of these proteins in the testis to create a hypothetical model, depicting how ICAMs regulate junction restructuring events during spermatogenesis. CONCLUSIONS ICAMs are crucial regulatory molecules of spermatogenesis. The proposed hypothetical model serves as a framework in designing functional experiments for future studies. PMID:23287428

Xiao, Xiang; Mruk, Dolores D.; Cheng, C. Yan

2013-01-01

95

Reduction of adhesion molecule production and alteration of eNOS and endothelin-1 mRNA expression in endothelium by Euphorbia hirta L. through its beneficial ?-amyrin molecule.  

PubMed

The inflammatory reaction in large blood vessels involves up-regulation of vascular adhesion molecules such as endothelial cell selectin (E-selectin), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)-1. These vascular dysfunctions are associated with the development of atherosclerosis. ?-Amyrin, an active component of Euphorbia hirta L., has potent anti-inflammatory effects. So far, its preventive effects against the expression of inflammatory mediator-induced adhesion molecules have not been investigated. Endothelial cells (SVEC4-10 cell line) were treated with 50% RAW conditioned media (i.e., normal SVEC4-10 culture media contains 50% of lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophage culture media) without or with ?-amyrin (0.6 and 0.3 µM). The production levels of E-selectin, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 in the SVEC4-10 cells were measured with ELISA assay kits. Under the same treatment conditions, expression of endothelin (ET)-1 and endothelial type of NO synthase (eNOS) mRNA were analyzed by RT-PCR and agarose gel. With ?-amyrin, the 50% RAW conditioned media-induced E-selectin, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 levels as well as ET-1 gene expression were all suppressed. ?-Amyrin treatment also restored the 50% RAW conditioned media-suppressed eNOS mRNA expression. These data indicate that ?-amyrin is potentially useful in preventing chronic inflammation-related vascular diseases. PMID:25045892

Shih, Mei Fen; Cherng, Jong Yuh

2014-01-01

96

Serum inflammatory markers and clinical\\/MRI markers of disease progression in multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess whether mean serum levels of inflammatory markers when measured serially correlate with\\u000a disease progression or putative MRI markers of axonal loss in a cohort of well-characterised multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.\\u000a Serial serum levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1),\\u000a nitric oxide metabolites nitrate and nitrite (NOx),

G. Giovannoni; D. H. Miller; N. A. Losseff; M. Sailer; N. Lewellyn-Smith; A. J. Thompson; E. J. Thompson

2001-01-01

97

ICAM1 and VCAM1 polymorphisms, coronary artery calcium, and circulating levels of soluble ICAM-1: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA).  

PubMed

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) may be important contributors to the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Using a stratified random sample of 2880 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis we investigated the relationship of 12 ICAM1 and 17 VCAM1 SNPs and coronary artery calcium (CAC) and ICAM1 SNPs and circulating levels of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1). There were no ICAM1 or VCAM1 SNPs significantly associated with CAC in any of the four race/ethnic groups. In a subset of 1451 subjects with sICAM-1 measurements, we observed a significant association with rs5491 in all four race/ethnic groups corroborating previous research that has shown that the T-allele of rs5491 interferes with the monoclonal antibody used to measure sICAM-1 in this study. After excluding all rs5491 T-allele carriers, several ICAM1 SNPs were significantly associated with sICAM-1 levels; rs5496 in African Americans, rs5498 and rs3093030 in European Americans, and rs1799969 in Hispanics. Our results identified ICAM1 polymorphisms that were significantly associated with sICAM-1 level but not CAC, a subclinical marker of atherosclerosis. PMID:18420209

Bielinski, Suzette J; Pankow, James S; Li, Na; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Adar, Sara D; Jenny, Nancy Swords; Bowden, Donald W; Wasserman, Bruce A; Arnett, Donna

2008-12-01

98

ICAM1 and VCAM1 polymorphisms, coronary artery calcium, and circulating levels of soluble ICAM-1: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)  

PubMed Central

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) may be important contributors to the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Using a stratified random sample of 2,880 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis we investigated the relationship of 12 ICAM1 and 17 VCAM1 SNPs and coronary artery calcium (CAC) and ICAM1 SNPs and circulating levels of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1). There were no ICAM1 or VCAM1 SNPs significantly associated with CAC in any of the four race/ethnic groups. In a subset of 1,451 subjects with sICAM-1 measurements, we observed a significant association with rs5491 in all four race/ethnic groups corroborating previous research that has shown that the T-allele of rs5491 interferes with the monoclonal antibody used to measure sICAM-1 in this study. After excluding all rs5491 T-allele carriers, several ICAM1 SNPs were significantly associated with sICAM-1 levels; rs5496 in African Americans, rs5498 and rs3093030 in European Americans, and rs1799969 in Hispanics. Our results identified ICAM1 polymorphisms that were significantly associated with sICAM-1 level but not CAC, a subclinical marker of atherosclerosis. PMID:18420209

Bielinski, Suzette J.; Pankow, James S.; Li, Na; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Adar, Sara D.; Jenny, Nancy Swords; Bowden, Donald W.; Wasserman, Bruce A.; Arnett, Donna

2008-01-01

99

Expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells stimulated by Chlamydia pneumoniae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have shown thatC. pneumoniaeis able to infect human endothelial cellsin vitro. In this report, the ability ofC. pneumoniaeto induce the expression of E-selectin or endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) on human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVE) cell surface was investigated.C. pneumoniaewas found to cause a moderate upregulation

Suvi-Sirkku E. Kaukoranta-Tolvanen; Tapani Ronni; Maija Leinonen; Pekka Saikku; Kirsi Laitinen

1996-01-01

100

Circulating soluble ICAM-1 levels shows linkage to ICAM gene cluster region on Chromosome 19: the NHLBI Family Heart Study Follow-up Examination  

PubMed Central

Atherogenesis is a chronic inflammatory process in which intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) plays a critical role. Circulating soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) is thought to be the result of cleavage of membrane-bound ICAM-1 and its concentration in serum/plasma has been shown to be heritable. Genome-wide linkage scans were conducted for quantitative trait loci influencing sICAM-1. Phenotype and genetic marker data were available for 2,617 white and 531 black individuals in the NHLBI Family Heart Study follow-up examination. Heritability for sICAM-1 was 0.39 in whites and 0.59 in blacks. Significant linkage was observed on chromosome 19 (LOD = 4.0 at 14 cM) in whites near the ICAM gene cluster that includes the structural gene for ICAM-1. The T-allele of ICAM-1 SNP rs5491 has been strongly associated with the specific sICAM-1 assay we used in our study. Through additional genotyping we were able to rule out rs5491 as the cause of the linkage finding. This study provides preliminary evidence linking genetic variation in the ICAM-1 structural gene to circulating sICAM-1 levels. PMID:18045607

Bielinski, Suzette J.; Pankow, James S.; Foster, Catherine Leiendecker; Miller, Michael B.; Hopkins, Paul N.; Eckfeldt, John H.; Hixson, Jim; Liu, Yongmei; Register, Tom; Myers, Richard H.; Arnett, Donna K.

2008-01-01

101

Circulating soluble ICAM-1 levels shows linkage to ICAM gene cluster region on chromosome 19: the NHLBI Family Heart Study follow-up examination.  

PubMed

Atherogenesis is a chronic inflammatory process in which intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) plays a critical role. Circulating soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) is thought to be the result of cleavage of membrane-bound ICAM-1 and its concentration in serum/plasma has been shown to be heritable. Genome-wide linkage scans were conducted for quantitative trait loci influencing sICAM-1. Phenotype and genetic marker data were available for 2617 white and 531 black individuals in the NHLBI Family Heart Study follow-up examination. Heritability for sICAM-1 was 0.39 in whites and 0.59 in blacks. Significant linkage was observed on chromosome 19 (LOD=4.0 at 14cM) in whites near the ICAM gene cluster that includes the structural gene for ICAM-1. The T-allele of ICAM-1 SNP rs5491 has been strongly associated with the specific sICAM-1 assay we used in our study. Through additional genotyping we were able to rule out rs5491 as the cause of the linkage finding. This study provides preliminary evidence linking genetic variation in the ICAM1 structural gene to circulating sICAM-1 levels. PMID:18045607

Bielinski, Suzette J; Pankow, James S; Foster, Catherine Leiendecker; Miller, Michael B; Hopkins, Paul N; Eckfeldt, John H; Hixson, Jim; Liu, Yongmei; Register, Tom; Myers, Richard H; Arnett, Donna K

2008-07-01

102

Association of Biomarkers of Inflammation with Dyslipidemia and Its Components among Mongolians in China  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aims to examine the association between inflammatory biomarkers and dyslipidemia and its components among Mongolians in China. Methods Data were obtained from 2544 Mongolians via standard questionnaires and blood samples in Inner Mongolia, China. High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) as well as blood lipids were examined. Results Individuals with dyslipidemia had higher levels of hsCRP, sICAM-1 and sE-selectin than those without dyslipidemia (all P values<0.001). Compared to the lowest quartile of inflammatory biomarkers, individuals with the highest quartile were more likely to have dyslipidemia (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval: 3.215, 2.551–4.116 for hsCRP; 1.575, 1.253–1.980 for sICAM-1; 1.495, 1.193–1.873 for sE-selectin). Moreover, hsCRP was associated with all the components of dyslipidemia, whereas, sICAM-1 was not related to high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) or triglycerides (TAG). Additionally, sE-selectin was just associated with TAG. Conclusion Our study indicated that elevated plasma levels of hsCRP, sICAM-1 and sE-selectin were positively and significantly associated with increased risk of dyslipidemia among Mongolians. However, the associations were not identical for different inflammatory biomarkers with the components of dyslipidemia. PMID:24558466

Tang, Lingyan; Peng, Hao; Xu, Tian; Wang, Aili; Wang, Guiyan; Tong, Weijun; Zhang, Yonghong

2014-01-01

103

Persistent Inflammation and Endothelial Activation in HIV-1 Infected Patients after 12 Years of Antiretroviral Therapy  

PubMed Central

Objective The study investigated markers of inflammation and endothelial activation in HIV infected patients after 12 years of successful combination antiretroviral treatment (cART). Methods Inflammation and endothelial activation were assessed by measuring levels of immunoglobulins, ?2-microglobulin, interleukin (IL) 8, tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF?), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), sE-Selectin, and sP-Selectin. Results HIV infected patients had higher levels of ?2-microglobulin, IL-8, TNF?, and sICAM-1 than uninfected controls, and HIV infected patients lacked correlation between platelet counts and sP-Selectin levels found in uninfected controls. Conclusion Discrete signs of systemic and vascular inflammation persist even after very long term cART. PMID:23755191

Ronsholt, Frederikke F.; Ullum, Henrik; Katzenstein, Terese L.; Gerstoft, Jan; Ostrowski, Sisse R.

2013-01-01

104

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Guides Naive T Cell Differentiation and Regulatory T Cell Induction  

E-print Network

in ICAM-1 or doubly deficient in ICAM-1 and CD28. ICAM-1-/- mice tended to have slightly increased CD8+ T cell function compared to wild-type controls, while ICAM-1-/-CD28-/- mice displayed decreased CD8+ T cell function during acute viral infection...

Williams, Kelli M.

2012-12-31

105

Novel Association of ABO Histo-Blood Group Antigen with Soluble ICAM-1: Results of a Genome-Wide Association Study of 6,578 Women  

PubMed Central

While circulating levels of soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (sICAM-1) have been associated with diverse conditions including myocardial infarction, stroke, malaria, and diabetes, comprehensive analysis of the common genetic determinants of sICAM-1 is not available. In a genome-wide association study conducted among 6,578 participants in the Women's Genome Health Study, we find that three SNPs at the ICAM1 (19p13.2) locus (rs1799969, rs5498 and rs281437) are non-redundantly associated with plasma sICAM-1 concentrations at a genome-wide significance level (P<5×10?8), thus extending prior results from linkage and candidate gene studies. We also find that a single SNP (rs507666, P?=?5.1×10?29) at the ABO (9q34.2) locus is highly correlated with sICAM-1 concentrations. The novel association at the ABO locus provides evidence for a previously unknown regulatory role of histo-blood group antigens in inflammatory adhesion processes. PMID:18604267

Pare, Guillaume; Chasman, Daniel I.; Kellogg, Mark; Zee, Robert Y. L.; Rifai, Nader; Badola, Sunita; Miletich, Joseph P.; Ridker, Paul M.

2008-01-01

106

Circulating adhesion molecules after short-term exposure to particulate matter among welders  

PubMed Central

Background Studies from several countries indicate that welders experience increased risk of mortality and morbidity from ischaemic heart disease. Although the underlying mechanisms are unclear, vascular responses to particulate matter contained in welding fumes may play a role. To investigate this, we studied the acute effects of welding fume exposure on the endothelial component of vascular function, as measured by circulating adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte adhesion (sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1) and coagulation (vWF). Methods A panel of 26 male welders was studied repeatedly across a 6 h work-shift on a high exposure welding day and/or a low exposure non-welding day. Personal PM2.5 exposure was measured throughout the work-shift. Blood samples were collected in the morning (baseline) prior to the exposure period, immediately after the exposure period, and the following morning. To account for the repeated measurements, we used linear mixed models to evaluate the effects of welding (binary) and PM2.5 (continuous) exposure on each blood marker, adjusting for baseline blood marker concentration, smoking, age and time of day. Results Welding and PM2.5 exposure were significantly associated with a decrease in sVCAM-1 in the afternoon and the following morning and an increase in vWF in the afternoon. Conclusions The data suggest that welding and short-term occupational exposure to PM2.5 may acutely affect the endothelial component of vascular function. PMID:19736177

Fang, S C; Eisen, E A; Cavallari, J M; Mittleman, M A; Christiani, D C

2011-01-01

107

Dark chocolate consumption improves leukocyte adhesion factors and vascular function in overweight men.  

PubMed

Flavanol-enriched chocolate consumption increases endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Most research so far has focused on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) only; the effects on other factors relevant to endothelial health, such as inflammation and leukocyte adhesion, have hardly been addressed. We investigated whether consumption of regular dark chocolate also affects other markers of endothelial health, and whether chocolate enrichment with flavanols has additional benefits. In a randomized double-blind crossover study, the effects of acute and of 4 wk daily consumption of high flavanol chocolate (HFC) and normal flavanol chocolate (NFC) on FMD, augmentation index (AIX), leukocyte count, plasma cytokines, and leukocyte cell surface molecules in overweight men (age 45-70 yr) were investigated. Sensory profiles and motivation scores to eat chocolate were also collected. Findings showed that a 4 wk chocolate intake increased FMD by 1%, which was paralleled by a decreased AIX of 1%, decreased leukocyte cell count, decreased plasma sICAM1 and sICAM3, and decreased leukocyte adhesion marker expression (P<0.05 for time effect), with no difference between HFC and NFC consumption. Flavanol enrichment did affect taste and negatively affected motivation to consume chocolate. This study provides new insights on how chocolate affects endothelial health by demonstrating that chocolate consumption, besides improving vascular function, also lowers the adherence capacity of leukocytes in the circulation. PMID:24302679

Esser, Diederik; Mars, Monica; Oosterink, Els; Stalmach, Angelique; Müller, Michael; Afman, Lydia A

2014-03-01

108

Soluble ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 as markers of endothelial activation.  

PubMed

Activated endothelium releases the soluble adhesion molecules vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1). Measurement of fluid-phase adhesion molecules is therefore used to quantify endothelial activation, but it is unclear which is the better marker. The aims of the study were to compare the relationships between mRNA, surface and total expression and released VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 in endothelial cell cultures during activation, and to compare human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) with the microvascular cell line HMEC-1. sVCAM-1 better represented mRNA and surface expression changes in HUVEC undergoing endotoxin stimulation than did sICAM-1. Very little VCAM-1 was released from endotoxin-stimulated HMEC-1, and sICAM-1 seemed a better activation marker for these cells. During incubation of HUVEC in media with glucose concentrations of 5.6, 10.6 or 20.6 mM, VCAM-1 was released to the media in a dose-dependent way without changes in surface expression. ICAM-1 was not influenced by the glucose concentration. There are situations when VCAM-1 concentrations in the media do not mirror the surface expression on HUVEC in culture, indicating that measurements of soluble adhesion molecules may not necessarily be representative of the conditions on the cell surface. Endothelium from different locations showed varying responses with respect to VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 liberation upon endotoxin stimulation. Thus, both sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 should be quantified in clinical studies of endothelial activation until their characteristics are better clarified. PMID:18363595

Videm, V; Albrigtsen, M

2008-05-01

109

Intrauterine Adhesions  

MedlinePLUS

... becomes pregnant, the embryo implants in the endometrium. Injury to and/or infection of the endometrium may ... The most common cause of intrauterine adhesions is injury following a surgical procedure involving the cavity of ...

110

Berberine?attenuated monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells induced by oxidized low?density lipoprotein via inhibition of adhesion molecule expression.  

PubMed

Recruitment of monocytes to endothelial cells is important during early stages of atherosclerosis development. This process is predominantly mediated by cellular adhesion molecules, including vascular cell adhesion molecule?1 (VCAM?1) and intercellular adhesion molecule?1 (ICAM?1), which are expressed by activated endothelial cells in response to a number of inflammatory stimuli, including oxidized low?density lipoprotein (oxLDL). Previous studies have demonstrated that berberine, a natural extract from Rhizoma coptidis, prevents oxLDL?induced endothelial cellular apoptosis. However, its effect on the adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells and the mechanism associated with this process remains unclear. In the present study, berberine was revealed to markedly reduce oxLDL?induced monocyte adhesion to human umbilical vein endothelial cells. In addition, the inhibitory mechanism of berberine was associated with suppression of adhesion molecule expression, including VCAM?1 and ICAM?1. Results indicate that berberine plays a protective role in the early stages of atherosclerosis. PMID:23241897

Huang, Zhouqing; Cai, Xueli; Li, Sheng; Zhou, Hao; Chu, Maoping; Shan, Peiren; Huang, Weijian

2013-02-01

111

Intraglomerular and interstitial leukocyte infiltration, adhesion molecules, and interleukin-1? expression in 15 cases of antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody—associated renal vasculitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In renal biopsy specimens from 15 patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated renal vasculitis, the infiltrating intraglomerular and interstitial leukocytes were localized and the adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and the cytokine interleukin-1? (IL-1?) were studied by an immunohistochemical method. Intraglomerular leukocytes were mainly macrophages (13.46 ± 9.29 cells\\/glomerular cross-section) and, to a

Maria Pia Rastaldi; Franco Ferrario; Stefania Tunesi; Lin Yang; Giuseppe D'Amico

1996-01-01

112

Adhesive dynamics.  

PubMed

Adhesive dynamics (AD) is a method for simulating the dynamic response of biological systems in response to force. Biological bonds are mechanical entities that exert force under strain, and applying forces to biological bonds modulates their rate of dissociation. Since small numbers of events usually control biological interactions, we developed a simple method for sampling probability distributions for the formation or failure of individual bonds. This method allows a simple coupling between force and strain and kinetics, while capturing the stochastic response of biological systems. Biological bonds are dynamically reconfigured in response to applied mechanical stresses, and a detailed spatio-temporal map of molecules and the forces they exert emerges from AD. The shape or motion of materials bearing the molecules is easily calculated from a mechanical energy balance provided the rheology of the material is known. AD was originally used to simulate the dynamics of adhesion of leukocytes under flow, but new advances have allowed the method to be extended to many other applications, including but not limited to the binding of viruses to surface, the clustering of adhesion molecules driven by stiff substrates, and the effect of cell-cell interaction on cell capture and rolling dynamics. The technique has also been applied to applications outside of biology. A particular exciting recent development is the combination of signaling with AD (so-called integrated signaling adhesive dynamics, or ISAD), which allows facile integration of signaling networks with mechanical models of cell adhesion and motility. Potential opportunities in applying AD are summarized. PMID:24384944

Hammer, Daniel A

2014-02-01

113

Denture Adhesives  

MedlinePLUS

... Zinc is a mineral that is an essential ingredient for good health. It is found in protein-rich foods such as shellfish, beef, chicken and nuts, as ... and that although they are safe to use in moderation as directed, if overused, ... product ingredients. Know that there are zinc-free denture adhesives ...

114

ELAM1 Mediates Cell Adhesion by Recognition of a Carbohydrate Ligand, Sialyl-Le^x  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recruitment of neutrophils to sites of inflammation is mediated in part by endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1), which is expressed on activated endothelial cells of the blood vessel walls. ELAM-1 is a member of the LEC-CAM or selectin family of adhesion molecules that contain a lectin motif thought to recognize carbohydrate ligands. In this report, cell adhesion by ELAM-1 is

M. Laurie Phillips; Edward Nudelman; Federico C. A. Gaeta; Mary Perez; Anil K. Singhal; Sen-Itiroh Hakomori; James C. Paulson

1990-01-01

115

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 in T cell differentiation and as a target for peptide therapy of type 1 diabetes  

E-print Network

4+ naïve T cells to effector and memory phenotypes. We observed that costimulation through ICAM-1 generates a central memory-like population that is capable of migration to the lymph nodes and to a lesser extent the intestine. ICAM-1 costimulation...

Dotson, Abby Louise

2012-05-31

116

Topical azelastine reduces eosinophil activation and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression on nasal epithelial cells: An antiallergic activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It is well known that allergen-specific nasal challenge (ASNC) is a fruitful tool with which to evaluate antiallergic activity exerted by a drug. Azelastine is a new antihistamine also available in topical form (i.e., nasal spray). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of azelastine nasal spray on inflammatory changes after ASNC in both the

Giorgio Ciprandi; Caterina Pronzato; Giovanni Passalacqua; Vittorio Ricca; Jan Grögen; G. S. Mela; Paolo Varese; Claudia Bertolini; Marcello Bagnasco; Giorgio Walter Canonica

1996-01-01

117

Antibodies to Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1\\/Lymphocyte Function-associated Antigen 1 Prevent Crescent Formation in Rat Autoimmune Glomerulonephritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

SBmlTlftry In patients with glomerulonephritis widespread crescents are associated with a poor prognosis. Crescent formation appears to depend on the migration of mononuclear cells into Bowman's space, and therefore the interaction between leukocytes and glomerular endothelium may be a critical event in the genesis of crescents. We performed the present study to determine the effects of mouse monoclonal antibodies to

Kazuhiro Nishikawa; Ya-Jun Guo; Masayuki Miyasaka; Takuya Tamatani; A. Bernard Collins; Man-Sun Sy; Robert T. McCluskey; Giuseppe Andres

118

Vitreous inflammatory factors in macular edema with central retinal vein occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To investigate the correlation of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor\\u000a (VEGF) with macular edema in patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Twenty-nine patients who had CRVO with macular edema and 16 patients with non-ischemic ocular diseases (control group) participated.\\u000a Retinal ischemia was evaluated by measuring the area of capillary non-perfusion with fluorescein angiography

Hidetaka Noma; Hideharu Funatsu; Seiyo Harino; Tatsuya Mimura; Shuichiro Eguchi; Sadao Hori

2011-01-01

119

[The adhesive strength of tissue adhesives].  

PubMed

Twenty concentrates were produced of the blood from voluntary healthy donors by a method for producing autologous tissue adhesive. Their adhesive strength were tested by means of Thermo-fleece-specimens. A review was elaborated about the kinetics and the testing of the fibrin fixation. Methodical faults were found out. Possible ways for improving autologous adhesive variants and for producing homologue tissue adhesive are shown. PMID:2718543

Schimmack, K; Schimmack, L; von Versen, R; Ziemer, S; Ritter, J

1989-01-01

120

Aqueous flare and inflammatory factors in macular edema with central retinal vein occlusion: a case series  

PubMed Central

Background The association of inflammatory factors and the aqueous flare value with macular edema in central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) patients remains unclear. We investigated the relations between the aqueous flare value and vitreous levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients with CRVO and macular edema or patients with idiopathic macular hole (MH). Methods In 38 patients who underwent unilateral vitrectomy (21 CRVO patients and 17 MH patients), vitreous samples were obtained during vitrectomy to measure VEGF, sICAM-1, and IL-6. Retinal ischemia was evaluated from capillary non-perfusion on fluorescein angiography, and the CRVO patients were classified into nonischemic or ischemic groups. Aqueous flare values were measured with a laser flare meter and macular edema was examined by optical coherence tomography. Results The median aqueous flare value increased significantly across the three groups (MH group?

2013-01-01

121

Understanding Marine Mussel Adhesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to identifying the proteins that have a role in underwater adhesion by marine mussels, research efforts have focused\\u000a on identifying the genes responsible for the adhesive proteins, environmental factors that may influence protein production,\\u000a and strategies for producing natural adhesives similar to the native mussel adhesive proteins. The production-scale availability\\u000a of recombinant mussel adhesive proteins will enable researchers

Heather G. Silverman; Francisco F. Roberto

2007-01-01

122

Periatrial Epicardial Fat Is Associated with Markers of Endothelial Dysfunction in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation  

PubMed Central

Background Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated to atrial fibrillation (AF) burden and outcome after AF ablation. We intended to determine whether global or local EAT is associated with systemic and/or left atrial (LA) inflammation and markers of endothelial dysfunction in AF patients. Methods and Results Total, atrial, and ventricular EAT volume (EATtotal, EATatrial, EATventricular) were measured by multislice cardiac CT in 49 patients with paroxysmal (PAF, n=25) or persistent AF (PeF, n=24). Periatrial epicardial fat thickness at the esophagus (LA-ESO) and thoracic aorta (LA-ThA) were also measured. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-8 (IL-8), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1), transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?1), and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) levels were measured in peripheral and LA blood samples obtained during catheterization during AF ablation. Patients with PeF had higher EATatrial (P<0.05) and LA-ESO (P=0.04) than patients with PAF. VEGF, IL-8, and TGF-?1 were not associated with EAT. In contrast, after adjusting for LA volume and body mass index, higher LA-ThA was significantly associated with higher sICAM-1 and vWF levels, both in peripheral blood (P<0.05) and in LA (P<0.05). Similar results were found with LA-ESO. Body mass index, EATtotal and EATventricular were not associated with sICAM-1 and vWF. Conclusions Periatrial epicardial fat showed a significant positive association with increased levels of sICAM-1 and vWF, which are biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction. No such associations were found when considering body mass index or EATtotal. These results suggest that local EAT rather than regional or total adiposity may modulate endothelial dysfunction in patients with AF. PMID:24143210

Girerd, Nicolas; Scridon, Alina; Bessiere, Francis; Chauveau, Samuel; Geloen, Alain; Boussel, Loic; Morel, Elodie; Chevalier, Philippe

2013-01-01

123

Immunological and clinical follow up of hepatitis C virus associated cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To study immunological markers and compare these markers with standard measures for the clinical and immunological follow up of vasculitis activity in hepatitis C virus (HCV) associated cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis (CV).?METHODS—Serial serum samples from eight patients with newly diagnosed HCV associated CV were followed during interferon ? treatment induced remission of the CV. Vasculitis activity and disease extent were evaluated with the Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) and disease extent index (DEI). Cryoglobulinaemia, complement levels (C3c, C4, and CH50), rheumatoid factor (RF), autoantibodies such as antinuclear antibodies, soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL2r), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and soluble CD30 (sCD30) were determined.?RESULTS—All patients achieved either complete or partial remission of their CV during interferon ? treatment. There was a significant reduction in vasculitis activity and disease extent (BVAS, DEI), cryoglobulinaemia, RF, sIL2r, sICAM-1, and sCD30. Complement C3c levels increased significantly during this period. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and levels of complement C4 and CH50 did not change significantly. Both clinical measures (BVAS and DEI) correlated significantly only with C3c and sCD30.?CONCLUSIONS—Although this study was of only a small group of patients, it shows that BVAS and DEI as clinical measures and C3c and sCD30 as immunological markers may be useful in the follow up of disease activity of HCV associated CV. The data indicate that activity of the humoral (cryoglobulinaemia, RF, autoantibodies) and cellular (sIL2r, sICAM-1, sCD30) immune response and endothelial damage (sICAM-1) are found in HCV associated CV.?? PMID:11247870

Lamprecht, P; Moosig, F; Gause, A; Herlyn, K; Csernok, E; Hansen, H; Gross, W

2001-01-01

124

Iron Sucrose Accelerates Early Atherogenesis by Increasing Superoxide Production and Upregulating Adhesion Molecules in CKD.  

PubMed

High-dose intravenous iron supplementation is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with CKD, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Our study investigated the causative role of iron sucrose in leukocyte-endothelium interactions, an index of early atherogenesis, and subsequent atherosclerosis in the mouse remnant kidney model. We found that expression levels of intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and adhesion of U937 cells increased in iron-treated human aortic endothelial cells through upregulated NADPH oxidase (NOx) and NF-?B signaling. We then measured mononuclear-endothelial adhesion and atherosclerotic lesions of the proximal aorta in male C57BL/6 mice with subtotal nephrectomy, male apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice with uninephrectomy, and sham-operated mice subjected to saline or parenteral iron loading. Iron sucrose significantly increased tissue superoxide production, expression of tissue cell adhesion molecules, and endothelial adhesiveness in mice with subtotal nephrectomy. Moreover, iron sucrose exacerbated atherosclerosis in the aorta of ApoE(-/-) mice with uninephrectomy. In patients with CKD, intravenous iron sucrose increased circulating mononuclear superoxide production, expression of soluble adhesion molecules, and mononuclear-endothelial adhesion compared with healthy subjects or untreated patients. In summary, iron sucrose aggravated endothelial dysfunction through NOx/NF-?B/CAM signaling, increased mononuclear-endothelial adhesion, and exacerbated atherosclerosis in mice with remnant kidneys. These results suggest a novel causative role for therapeutic iron in cardiovascular complications in patients with CKD. PMID:24722448

Kuo, Ko-Lin; Hung, Szu-Chun; Lee, Tzong-Shyuan; Tarng, Der-Cherng

2014-11-01

125

Understanding Marine Mussel Adhesion  

PubMed Central

In addition to identifying the proteins that have a role in underwater adhesion by marine mussels, research efforts have focused on identifying the genes responsible for the adhesive proteins, environmental factors that may influence protein production, and strategies for producing natural adhesives similar to the native mussel adhesive proteins. The production-scale availability of recombinant mussel adhesive proteins will enable researchers to formulate adhesives that are water-impervious and ecologically safe and can bind materials ranging from glass, plastics, metals, and wood to materials, such as bone or teeth, biological organisms, and other chemicals or molecules. Unfortunately, as of yet scientists have been unable to duplicate the processes that marine mussels use to create adhesive structures. This study provides a background on adhesive proteins identified in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, and introduces our research interests and discusses the future for continued research related to mussel adhesion. PMID:17990038

Roberto, Francisco F.

2007-01-01

126

Detection of the chemokine RANTES and endothelial adhesion molecules in nasal polyps  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To better understand the mechanisms of eosinophil recruitment into the upper airways, we examined human nasal polyps for the expression of the chemotactic cytokine RANTES and the endothelial adhesion molecules E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Methods: Routine histologic examination and immunostaining with antibodies to RANTES, E-selectin, and VCAM-1 were performed on three types of tissues: nasal polyps,

Lisa A. Beck; Cristiana Stellato; L. Dawson Beall; Thomas J. Schall; Donald Leopold; Carol A. Bickel; Fuad Baroody; Bruce S. Bochner; Robert P. Schleimer

1996-01-01

127

Circulating Blood Markers and Functional Impairment in Peripheral Arterial Disease  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES To determine whether higher levels of inflammatory blood markers, D-dimer, and homocysteine were associated with greater impairment in lower extremity functioning in persons with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Three Chicago-area medical centers. PARTICIPANTS Four hundred twenty-three persons with PAD (ankle-brachial index (ABI) <0.90). MEASUREMENTS Lower extremity performance was assessed using the 6-minute walk and with usual- and fast-paced 4-m walking speed. Blood markers were D-dimer, C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and homocysteine. Calf muscle area was measured using computed tomography. RESULTS Adjusting for confounders, higher levels of D-dimer (P<.001), IL-6 (P<.001), sVCAM-1 (P=.006), CRP (P=.01), homocysteine (P=.004), and sICAM-1 (P=.046) were associated with poorer 6-minute walk performance. Higher levels of D-dimer (P<.001), IL-6 (P=.003), sVCAM-1 (P=.001), and homocysteine (P=.005) were associated with slower usual-paced 4-m walking speed. Higher levels of D-dimer, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, IL-6, and homocysteine were associated with slower fast-paced walking speed. Results were attenuated after additional adjustment for calf muscle area. CONCLUSION Higher levels of inflammation and D-dimer were associated with poorer lower extremity performance in participants with PAD, independent of confounders including ABI. PMID:18662216

McDermott, Mary M.; Liu, Kiang; Ferrucci, Luigi; Tian, Lu; Guralnik, Jack M.; Green, David; Tan, Jin; Liao, Yihua; Pearce, William H.; Schneider, Joseph R.; McCue, Kimberly; Ridker, Paul; Rifai, Nader; Criqui, Michael H.

2009-01-01

128

Joining Tubes With Adhesive  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cylindrical tubes joined together, end to end, by method employing adhesive, tapered ends, and spacing wires. Tapered joint between tubular structural elements provides pressure between bonding surfaces during adhesive curing. Spacing wires prevent adhesive from being scraped away when one element inserted in other. Method developed for assembling structural elements made of composite materials.

Bateman, W. A.

1984-01-01

129

Color change cyanoacrylate adhesives  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A cyanoacrylate-based adhesive composition is disclosed. The cyanoacrylate-based adhesive composition includes a cyanoacrylate monomer, and a bleachable dye including a Michler's hydrol cation or derivatized Michler's hydrol cation, paired with a non-nucleophilic anion that provides a stable color to the cyanoacrylate-based adhesive.

2012-07-10

130

Carcinoembryonic Antigen-Related Cell Adhesion A Link Between Insulin and Lipid Metabolism  

E-print Network

role of CEACAM1 in insulin action is to mediate insulin clearance in liver. Diabetes 57: 2296Carcinoembryonic Antigen-Related Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 A Link Between Insulin and Lipid 1 (CEACAM1) by a dom- inant-negative transgene (L-SACC1 mice) impaired insulin clear- ance, caused

Brand, Paul H.

131

Mini-review: barnacle adhesives and adhesion.  

PubMed

Barnacles are intriguing, not only with respect to their importance as fouling organisms, but also in terms of the mechanism of underwater adhesion, which provides a platform for biomimetic and bioinspired research. These aspects have prompted questions regarding how adult barnacles attach to surfaces under water. The multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary nature of the studies makes an overview covering all aspects challenging. This mini-review, therefore, attempts to bring together aspects of the adhesion of adult barnacles by looking at the achievements of research focused on both fouling and adhesion. Biological and biochemical studies, which have been motivated mainly by understanding the nature of the adhesion, indicate that the molecular characteristics of barnacle adhesive are unique. However, it is apparent from recent advances in molecular techniques that much remains undiscovered regarding the complex event of underwater attachment. Barnacles attached to silicone-based elastomeric coatings have been studied widely, particularly with respect to fouling-release technology. The fact that barnacles fail to attach tenaciously to silicone coatings, combined with the fact that the mode of attachment to these substrata is different to that for most other materials, indicates that knowledge about the natural mechanism of barnacle attachment is still incomplete. Further research on barnacles will enable a more comprehensive understanding of both the process of attachment and the adhesives used. Results from such studies will have a strong impact on technology aimed at fouling prevention as well as adhesion science and engineering. PMID:23802872

Kamino, Kei

2013-01-01

132

Pentoxifylline Decreases Serum Level of Adhesion Molecules in Atherosclerosis Patients  

PubMed Central

Background: Inflammation is involved in development, progression, and complications of atherosclerotic disease. Clinical studies have indicated that the level of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), IL-18, and adhesion molecules correlates with the severity of atherosclerosis and can predict future cardiovascular events. Experimental studies have shown pentoxifylline (PTX) reduces these factors in animal models. The purpose of the present pilot study was to evaluate effect of PTX on a group of inflammatory biomarkers in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Forty patients with angiographically documented CAD, who fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria, were entered in the double-blind, randomized, pilot clinical study. The patients were randomly given PTX (400 mg three times daily) or placebo (3 tab/day) for 2 months. Serum concentrations of MCP-1, IL-18, intercellular adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) were measured before and at the end of intervention by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay. Results: Our study showed that the serum levels of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 was decreased in the study population after two-month treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the results of our pilot study, administration of PTX in CAD patients significantly decreases adhesion molecules levels. PMID:24375159

Mohammadpour, Amir Hooshang; Falsoleiman, Homa; Shamsara, Jamal; Abadi, Ghazaleh Allah; Rasooli, Ramin; Ramezani, Mohammad

2014-01-01

133

Effects of antioxidant supplementation on insulin sensitivity, endothelial adhesion molecules, and oxidative stress in normal-weight and overweight young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the study was to determine whether short-term antioxidant (AOX) supplementation affects insulin sensitivity, endothelial adhesion molecule levels, and oxidative stress in overweight young adults. A randomized, double-blind, controlled study tested the effects of AOXs on measures of insulin sensitivity (homeostasis model assessment [HOMA]) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index), endothelial adhesion molecules (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule1, vascular

Heather K. Vincent; Cheryl M. Bourguignon; Arthur L. Weltman; Kevin R. Vincent; Eugene Barrett; Karen E. Innes; Ann G. Taylor

2009-01-01

134

Adhesion molecule expression in postischemic microvascular dysfunction: activity of a micronized purified flavonoid fraction.  

PubMed

Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) induces neutrophil infiltration in skeletal muscle that is localized to the ischemic region. To transmigrate at ischemic regions, granulocytes must first arrest in the postcapillary venular segment of the microcirculation. Initially, leukocytes roll along the endothelium of these venules, a weak adhesive interaction that is mediated by the selectins (L-, E-, and P-selectin). Leukocyte rolling functions to slow the neutrophil during its transit through the microcirculation, thereby allowing it to monitor its local environment for the presence of activating factors arising from the ischemic tissues. When activated, the rolling granulocyte is rendered capable of forming the stronger adhesive interactions that allow the cell to become arrested in postcapillary venules in the ischemic region. These adhesive interactions are mediated by a leukocyte glycoprotein complex designated CD11/CD18 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expressed on endothelial cells. The stationary neutrophil uses the gradient in concentration of soluble chemoattractants liberated from ischemic tissues as a directional cue to move from the vascular to extravascular compartment, being guided in its transit across the endothelium by interactions with platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), an adhesive molecule localized to the interendothelial cleft. This paper reviews current understanding of the mechanisms underlying the establishment of leukocyte/endothelial cell interactions in postischemic skeletal muscle in terms of specific adhesion molecules that participate in neutrophil sequestration after I/R. Discovery of the molecular determinants of neutrophil/endothelial cell adhesion has uncovered potential mechanisms whereby agents exhibiting anti-adhesive properties may act. The micronized purified flavonoid fraction (450 mg diosmin, 50 mg hesperidin) prevents I/R-induced leukocyte adhesion in skeletal muscle. This anti-adhesive effect appears to be mediated at least in part by inhibition of induced expression of ICAM-1. PMID:10474047

Korthuis, R J; Gute, D C

1999-01-01

135

Influence of kinin peptides on monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion.  

PubMed

Adhesion of leukocytes to vascular endothelium in response to proinflammatory mediators is an important component of the overall inflammatory reaction. In the current work, we used a retinoic acid-differentiated human promonocytic cell line, U937 and a human microvascular endothelial cell line, HMEC-1 to analyze the effect of the potent pro-inflammatory bradykinin-related peptides (kinins) on cell adhesion. Bradykinin (BK) and kinin metabolites without the C-terminal arginine residue enhanced adhesion of the monocyte-like cells to fibronectin and to the HMEC-1 cells. Expression of adhesion proteins on the surface of both cell types was altered by the kinin peptides. In the monocyte-like cells, expression of CD11b, a subunit of Mac-1 integrin, was significantly increased whilst in the endothelial cells, a strong increase in the production of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) was observed. The positive bradykinin-induced effect on the cell-cell interaction was reversed by a carboxypeptidase inhibitor (MGTA), hence we suspected a significant role of the des-Arg kinin metabolites, which acted through the kinin receptor type 1. Indeed, the expression of this receptor was up-regulated not only by agonists but also by interferon-? and bradykinin. Kinin peptides also regulated signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins (STATs) activated by cytokines. Taken together, the above observations support our hypothesis that kinins stimulate monocyte adhesion to the vessel wall, especially during pathological states of the circulatory system accompanied by proinflammatory cytokine release. PMID:24924235

Guevara-Lora, Ibeth; Stalinska, Krystyna; Augustynek, Bartlomiej; Labedz-Maslowska, Anna

2014-11-01

136

The adhesive strength and initial viscosity of denture adhesives.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective. To examine the initial viscosity and adhesive strength of modern denture adhesives in vitro. Materials and methods. Three cream-type denture adhesives (Poligrip S, Corect Cream, Liodent Cream; PGS, CRC, LDC) and three powder-type denture adhesives (Poligrip Powder, New Faston, Zanfton; PGP, FSN, ZFN) were used in this study. The initial viscosity was measured using a controlled-stress rheometer. The adhesive strength was measured according to ISO-10873 recommended procedures. All data were analyzed independently by one-way analysis of variance combined with a Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test at a 5% level of significance. Results. The initial viscosity of all the cream-type denture adhesives was lower than the powder-type adhesives. Before immersion in water, all the powder-type adhesives exhibited higher adhesive strength than the cream-type adhesives. However, the adhesive strength of cream-type denture adhesives increased significantly and exceeded the powder-type denture adhesives after immersion in water. For powder-type adhesives, the adhesive strength significantly decreased after immersion in water for 60 min, while the adhesive strength of the cream-type adhesives significantly decreased after immersion in water for 180 min. Conclusion. Cream-type denture adhesives have lower initial viscosity and higher adhesive strength than powder type adhesives, which may offer better manipulation properties and greater efficacy during application. PMID:24791610

Han, Jian-Min; Hong, Guang; Dilinuer, Maimaitishawuti; Lin, Hong; Zheng, Gang; Wang, Xin-Zhi; Sasaki, Keiichi

2014-11-01

137

Tissue adhesives and sealants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid and secure tissue adherence using adhesives or sealants is an attractive concept. Cyanoacrylates, marine adhesive proteins, fibrin-based sealants, and mixtures of polypeptides and proteoglycans to form “laser solders” are just some of the products and technologies that have been used. Effectiveness, ease of use, cost, strength, degradation, safety, and toxicity are major concerns in seeking an ideal product. Thomas

Alan H. Gold

2003-01-01

138

Neuron adhesion and strengthening  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the neuron/material adhesion is important for neuron stimulation and growth. The current challenges remain in the lack of precision of measuring techniques and understanding the behavior of neuron. Here, we report a fluid shear method to investigate adhesion at the neuron/poly-D-lysine interface. In this study, the adhesion of 12-day-old chick embryo-retina neurons cultured on poly-D-lysine coated glass coverslips was measured via parallel disk rotational flow. The shear stress experienced by the cells increases with the disk radius. There is a critical point along the radius (Rc) where the stress experienced by the neurons equals their adhesion. The measured Rc can be used to calculate the neuron adhesion. Our results demonstrate that neurons adhered to the poly-D-lysine had a strain hardening effect. The adhesive shear stress of the neuron-material increased with applied shear (?a). When the ?a reached or exceeded the value of 40 dyn/cm2, the adhesion remained constant at approximately 30 dyn/cm2. The present work allowed us not only to quantify the adhesive strength and force but also to evaluate the value of strain hardening at the neuron/poly-D-lysine interface.

Rocha, Aracely; Jian, Kuihuan; Ko, Gladys; Liang, Hong

2010-07-01

139

Traditional herbal remedies that influence cell adhesion molecule activity.  

PubMed

Many traditional medicines have demonstrated immune activity, however, research has largely neglected their effects on cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). This review reports on extracts from 37 medicinal plant species, similar to or replicating traditional preparations, that up- or downregulate either gene or protein activity of CAMs. The majority of the investigations were in vitro, primarily of the immunoglobulin superfamily of CAMs, specifically intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and secondarily on the integrin (CD11b or MAC-1) and selectin (E-selectin and P-selectin) families of CAMs. The following plant species have demonstrated modulation of multiple CAMs: Artemisia asiatica, Boswellia serrata, Canscora decussata, Cinnamomum povectum, Dehaasia incrassate, Ganoderma lucidum, Ginkgo biloba, Hypericum perforatum, Juglans regia, Lycopus lucidus, Panax notoginseng, Rheum undulatum, Salvia miltiorrhiza. Many other species have documented activity on one CAM. Currently there are limited in vivo/ex vivo investigations, including a clinical trial on Mahonia aquifolium. Although further evidence is needed, the data suggest that the reviewed botanical medicines may have the potential to provide therapeutic potential in disease processes involving CAMs. Additionally, the reported success of many of these plant extracts by traditional cultures and modern phytotherapists may involve the modulation of CAMs. PMID:21105177

Spelman, K; Aldag, R; Hamman, A; Kwasnik, E M; Mahendra, M A; Obasi, T M; Morse, J; Williams, E J

2011-04-01

140

LARC-13 adhesive development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A LARC-13 type adhesive system was developed and property data obtained that demonstrated improved thermomechanical properties superior to base LARC-13 adhesive. An improved adhesive for 589 K (600 F) use was developed by physical or chemical modification of LARC-13. The adhesive was optimized for titanium and composite bonding, and a compatible surface preparation for titanium and composite substrates was identified. The data obtained with the improved adhesive system indicated it would meet the 589 K (600 F) properties desired for application on space shuttle components. Average titanium lap shear data were: (1) 21.1 MPa (3355 psi) at RT, (2) 13.0 MPa (1881 psi) at 600 F, and (3) 16.4 MPa (2335) after aging 125 hours at 600 F and tested at 600 F.

Hill, S. G.; Sheppard, C. H.; Johnson, J. C.

1980-01-01

141

Cadherin adhesion and mechanotransduction.  

PubMed

Cadherins are the principal adhesion proteins at intercellular junctions and function as the biochemical Velcro that binds cells together. Besides this mechanical function, cadherin complexes are also mechanotransducers that sense changes in tension and trigger adaptive reinforcement of intercellular junctions. The assembly and regulation of cadherin adhesions are central to their mechanical functions, and new evidence is presented for a comprehensive model of cadherin adhesion, which is surprisingly more complex than previously appreciated. Recent findings also shed new light on mechanisms that regulate cadherin junction assembly, adhesion, and mechanotransduction. We further describe recent evidence for cadherin-based mechanotransduction, and the rudiments of the molecular mechanism, which involves ?-catenin and vinculin as key elements. Potential roles of a broader cast of possible force-sensitive partners are considered, as well as known and speculative biological consequences of adhesion and force transduction at cadherin-mediated junctions. PMID:25062360

Leckband, D E; de Rooij, J

2014-10-11

142

Apicobasal polarity controls lymphocyte adhesion to hepatic epithelial cells.  

PubMed

Loss of apicobasal polarity is a hallmark of epithelial pathologies. Leukocyte infiltration and crosstalk with dysfunctional epithelial barriers are crucial for the inflammatory response. Here, we show that apicobasal architecture regulates the adhesion between hepatic epithelial cells and lymphocytes. Polarized hepatocytes and epithelium from bile ducts segregate the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) adhesion receptor onto their apical, microvilli-rich membranes, which are less accessible by circulating immune cells. Upon cell depolarization, hepatic ICAM-1 becomes exposed and increases lymphocyte binding. Polarized hepatic cells prevent ICAM-1 exposure to lymphocytes by redirecting basolateral ICAM-1 to apical domains. Loss of ICAM-1 polarity occurs in human inflammatory liver diseases and can be induced by the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?). We propose that adhesion receptor polarization is a parenchymal immune checkpoint that allows functional epithelium to hamper leukocyte binding. This contributes to the haptotactic guidance of leukocytes toward neighboring damaged or chronically inflamed epithelial cells that expose their adhesion machinery. PMID:25242329

Reglero-Real, Natalia; Alvarez-Varela, Adrián; Cernuda-Morollón, Eva; Feito, Jorge; Marcos-Ramiro, Beatriz; Fernández-Martín, Laura; Gómez-Lechón, Maria José; Muntané, Jordi; Sandoval, Pilar; Majano, Pedro L; Correas, Isabel; Alonso, Miguel A; Millán, Jaime

2014-09-25

143

Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase attenuates hepatocellular carcinoma cell adhesion stimulated by adipokine resistin  

PubMed Central

Background Resistin, adipocyte-secreting adipokine, may play critical role in modulating cancer pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of resistin on HCC adhesion to the endothelium, and the mechanism underlying these resistin effects. Methods Human SK-Hep1 cells were used to study the effect of resistin on intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expressions as well as NF-?B activation, and hence cell adhesion to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-?-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR), an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator, was used to determine the regulatory role of AMPK on HCC adhesion to the endothelium in regard to the resistin effects. Results Treatment with resistin increased the adhesion of SK-Hep1 cells to HUVECs and concomitantly induced NF-?B activation, as well as ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expressions in SK-Hep1 cells. Using specific blocking antibodies and siRNAs, we found that resistin-induced SK-Hep1 cell adhesion to HUVECs was through NF-?B-regulated ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expressions. Moreover, treatment with AICAR demonstrated that AMPK activation in SK-Hep1 cells significantly attenuates the resistin effect on SK-Hep1 cell adhesion to HUVECs. Conclusions These results clarify the role of resistin in inducing HCC adhesion to the endothelium and demonstrate the inhibitory effect of AMPK activation under the resistin stimulation. Our findings provide a notion that resistin play an important role to promote HCC metastasis and implicate AMPK may be a therapeutic target to against HCC metastasis. PMID:24555415

2014-01-01

144

Wettability and adhesion of marine and related adhesive proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wettability on substrates with low and high surface energies of synthetic marine and related adhesive proteins has been investigated to evaluate the role of individual amino acids together with their sequences in marine adhesive proteins. The surface chemical analyses suggest that marine adhesives have a meaningful primary structure adhering to substrates. The polysaccharide chitosan adhered faster than marine adhesive proteins

Hiroyuki Yamamoto; Ayako Nishida; Kousaku Ohkawa

1999-01-01

145

Stuck on You: Adhesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners explore water adhesion and learn about why water molecules are more strongly attracted to some substances than others. In an investigation titled "Fabric Frenzy," learners use a magnifying glass to examine different fabrics and hypothesize whether each kind would be good for soaking up water. Learners then weigh the dry fabrics, predict how water will affect the weight of each sample, wet the samples, and weigh them again to see how much water they in fact absorb. Learners also examine other liquids and compare their adhesion to water adhesion.

Jersey, New; Center, Liberty S.; Coalition, New J.

2006-01-01

146

Lactobacillus Adhesion to Mucus  

PubMed Central

Mucus provides protective functions in the gastrointestinal tract and plays an important role in the adhesion of microorganisms to host surfaces. Mucin glycoproteins polymerize, forming a framework to which certain microbial populations can adhere, including probiotic Lactobacillus species. Numerous mechanisms for adhesion to mucus have been discovered in lactobacilli, including partially characterized mucus binding proteins. These mechanisms vary in importance with the in vitro models studied, which could significantly affect the perceived probiotic potential of the organisms. Understanding the nature of mucus-microbe interactions could be the key to elucidating the mechanisms of probiotic adhesion within the host. PMID:22254114

Tassell, Maxwell L. Van; Miller, Michael J.

2011-01-01

147

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Identification . A tissue adhesive for the topical...skin edges. Tissue adhesives for the topical... (b) Tissue adhesive for non-topical...Identification . A tissue adhesive for non-topical use, including adhesives intended...

2012-04-01

148

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Identification . A tissue adhesive for the topical...skin edges. Tissue adhesives for the topical... (b) Tissue adhesive for non-topical...Identification . A tissue adhesive for non-topical use, including adhesives intended...

2011-04-01

149

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Identification . A tissue adhesive for the topical...skin edges. Tissue adhesives for the topical... (b) Tissue adhesive for non-topical...Identification . A tissue adhesive for non-topical use, including adhesives intended...

2013-04-01

150

Adhesion of Lunar Dust  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews the physical characteristics of lunar dust and the effects of various fundamental forces acting on dust particles on surfaces in a lunar environment. There are transport forces and adhesion forces after contact. Mechanical forces (i.e., from rover wheels, astronaut boots and rocket engine blast) and static electric effects (from UV photo-ionization and/or tribo-electric charging) are likely to be the major contributors to the transport of dust particles. If fine regolith particles are deposited on a surface, then surface energy-related (e.g., van der Walls) adhesion forces and static-electric-image forces are likely to be the strongest contributors to adhesion. Some measurement techniques are offered to quantify the strength of adhesion forces. And finally some dust removal techniques are discussed.

Walton, Otis R.

2007-04-01

151

Adhesion of Lunar Dust  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reviews the physical characteristics of lunar dust and the effects of various fundamental forces acting on dust particles on surfaces in a lunar environment. There are transport forces and adhesion forces after contact. Mechanical forces (i.e., from rover wheels, astronaut boots and rocket engine blast) and static electric effects (from UV photo-ionization and/or tribo-electric charging) are likely to be the major contributors to the transport of dust particles. If fine regolith particles are deposited on a surface, then surface energy-related (e.g., van der Walls) adhesion forces and static-electric-image forces are likely to be the strongest contributors to adhesion. Some measurement techniques are offered to quantify the strength of adhesion forces. And finally some dust removal techniques are discussed.

Walton, Otis R.

2007-01-01

152

Optical adhesive property study  

SciTech Connect

Tests were performed to characterize the mechanical and thermal properties of selected optical adhesives to identify the most likely candidate which could survive the operating environment of the Direct Optical Initiation (DOI) program. The DOI system consists of a high power laser and an optical module used to split the beam into a number of channels to initiate the system. The DOI requirements are for a high shock environment which current military optical systems do not operate. Five candidate adhesives were selected and evaluated using standardized test methods to determine the adhesives` physical properties. EC2216, manufactured by 3M, was selected as the baseline candidate adhesive based on the test results of the physical properties.

Sundvold, P.D.

1996-01-01

153

Adhesives for Aerospace  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The industry is hereby challenged to integrate adhesive technology with the total structure requirements in light of today's drive into automation/mechanization. The state of the art of adhesive technology is fairly well meeting the needs of the structural designers, the processing engineer, and the inspector, each on an individual basis. The total integration of these needs into the factory of the future is the next collective hurdle to be achieved. Improved processing parameters to fit the needs of automation/mechanization will necessitate some changes in the adhesive forms, formulations, and chemistries. Adhesives have, for the most part, kept up with the needs of the aerospace industry, normally leading the rest of the industry in developments. The wants of the aerospace industry still present a challenge to encompass all elements, achieving a totally integrated joined and sealed structural system. Better toughness with hot-wet strength improvements is desired. Lower cure temperatures, longer out times, and improved corrosion inhibition are desired.

Meade, L. E.

1985-01-01

154

Adhesions: preventive strategies.  

PubMed

Adhesions, which occur after 67% to 93% of abdominal operations, represent a major clinical problem, resulting in intestinal obstruction, infertility, and pain and incurring considerable economic costs. The magnitude and seriousness of the problem of adhesions have been underappreciated. Moreover, efforts to prevent or reduce adhesions largely have been unsuccessful, hindered by their empirical basis, the lack of good predictive animal models, and the biochemical complexities of adhesiogenesis. The two major strategies for adhesion prevention or reduction are adjusting surgical technique and applying adjuvants. Modifications in technique that all surgeons should implement include minimizing the invasiveness of surgery, minimizing surgical trauma, such as ischemia from peritoneal suturing, and avoiding the introduction of foreign material, e.g., starch glove powder, into the body. Given the adhesiogenic nature of peritoneal repair, however, improvements in surgical technique alone will help decrease but not prevent adhesion formation. Adjuvant therapy is necessary. Adjuvants fall into two main categories, drugs and barriers. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have shown questionable clinical efficacy, possibly because of difficulties in drug delivery. Corticosteroids, alone or with antihistamines, also have had equivocal clinical results and may be immunosuppressive and delay wound healing. Experimentally, fibrinolytics such as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), administered systemically or intraperitoneally (i.p.), have demonstrated conflicting results and hemorrhagic complications. However, recently, tPA, administered topically in a carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) gel, has been effective in reducing and preventing adhesions in rabbits. Phosphatidylcholine, given i.p. or orally, also has shown promise in animal studies. Barriers, by separating traumatized surfaces for the critical first five to seven days of peritoneal re-epithelialization, are useful adjuvants, and include macromolecular solutions and mechanical devices. Dextran, a macromolecular solution, has been studied widely, but has not demonstrated consistent clinical efficacy and has been largely abandoned as an anti-adhesion barrier. A newly developed hyaluronic acid-phosphate-buffered saline solution applied intraoperatively to protect peritoneal surfaces from indirect surgical trauma effectively and safely reduced adhesions in a large multicenter study of women undergoing gynecological laparotomy. Three recently developed mechanical barriers also have demonstrated clinical progress in adhesion prevention. A bioresorbable membrane consisting of hyaluronic acid and CMC has gained regulatory approval for clinical use in both general and gynecological surgery following demonstration of efficacy and safety in reducing adhesions. A barrier made of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene and another developed from oxidized regenerated cellulose are currently available for gynecological surgery. With continued research, new and improved approaches hopefully will become available to prevent adhesion formation. PMID:9076450

Risberg, B

1997-01-01

155

Adhesion by Pathogenic Corynebacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Pathogenic members of the genus Corynebacterium cause a wide range of serious infections in humans including diphtheria. Adhesion to host cells is a crucial step during\\u000a infection. In Corynebacterium diphtheriae, adhesion is mediated primarily by filamentous structures called pili or fimbriae that are covalently attached to the bacterial\\u000a cell wall. C. diphtheriae produces three distinct pilus structures, SpaA-, SpaD- and

Elizabeth A. Rogers; Asis Das; Hung Ton-That

156

Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-print Network

The notion of `adhesion' has been advanced for the phenomenon of stabilization of large-scale structure emerging from gravitational instability of a cold medium. Recently, the physical origin of adhesion has been identified: a systematic derivation of the equations of motion for the density and the velocity fields leads naturally to the key equation of the `adhesion approximation' - however, under a set of strongly simplifying assumptions. In this work, we provide an evaluation of the current status of adhesive gravitational clustering and a clear explanation of the assumptions involved. Furthermore, we propose systematic generalizations with the aim to relax some of the simplifying assumptions. We start from the general Newtonian evolution equations for self-gravitating particles on an expanding Friedmann background and recover the popular `dust model' (pressureless fluid), which breaks down after the formation of density singularities; then we investigate, in a unified framework, two other models which, under the restrictions referred to above, lead to the `adhesion approximation'. We apply the Eulerian and Lagrangian perturbative expansions to these new models and, finally, we discuss some non-perturbative results that may serve as starting points for workable approximations of non-linear structure formation in the multi-stream regime. In particular, we propose a new approximation that includes, in limiting cases, the standard `adhesion model' and the Eulerian as well as Lagrangian first-order approximations.

Thomas Buchert; Alvaro Dominguez

2005-02-16

157

Detection of bidirectional signaling during integrin activation and neutrophil adhesion.  

PubMed

Neutrophil arrest and migration on inflamed endothelium is dependent upon a conformational shift in CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1) from a low to high affinity and clustered state which determines the strength and lifetime of bond formation with intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). Cytoskeletal adaptor proteins kindlin-3 and talin-1 anchor clustered LFA-1 to the cytoskeleton and support the transition from neutrophil rolling to arrest. We employ microfluidic flow channels and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to evaluate the spatiotemporal regulation of LFA-1 affinity and bond formation that facilitate the transition from neutrophil rolling to arrest. Methodology is presented to correlate the relationship between integrin conformation, bond formation with ICAM-1, and cytoskeletal engagement and adhesion strengthening necessary to achieve a migratory phenotype. PMID:24504956

Altman, Stuart M; Dixit, Neha; Simon, Scott I

2014-01-01

158

A role for cell adhesion in beryllium-mediated lung disease  

SciTech Connect

Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a debilitating lung disorder in which exposure to the lightweight metal beryllium (Be) causes the accumulation of beryllium-specific CD4+ T cells in the lung and formation of noncaseating pulmonary granulomas. Treatment for CBD patients who exhibit progressive pulmonary decline is limited to systemic corticosteroids, which suppress the severe host inflammatory response. Studies in the past several years have begun to highlight cell-cell adhesion interactions in the development of Be hypersensitivity and CBD. In particular, the high binding affinity between intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (I-CAM1) on lung epithelial cells and the {beta}{sub 2} integrin LFA-1 on migrating lymphocytes and macrophages regulates the concerted rolling of immune cells to sites of inflammation in the lung. In this review, we discuss the evidence that implicates cell adhesion processes in onset of Be disease and the potential of cell adhesion as an intervention point for development of novel therapies.

Hong-geller, Elizabeth [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

159

Dry adhesives with sensing features  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geckos are capable of detecting detachment of their feet. Inspired by this basic observation, a novel functional dry adhesive is proposed, which can be used to measure the instantaneous forces and torques acting on an adhesive pad. Such a novel sensing dry adhesive could potentially be used by climbing robots to quickly realize and respond appropriately to catastrophic detachment conditions. The proposed torque and force sensing dry adhesive was fabricated by mixing Carbon Black (CB) and Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to form a functionalized adhesive with mushroom caps. The addition of CB to PDMS resulted in conductive PDMS which, when under compression, tension or torque, resulted in a change in the resistance across the adhesive patch terminals. The proposed design of the functionalized dry adhesive enables distinguishing an applied torque from a compressive force in a single adhesive pad. A model based on beam theory was used to predict the change in resistance across the terminals as either a torque or compressive force was applied to the adhesive patch. Under a compressive force, the sensing dry adhesive was capable of measuring compression stresses from 0.11 Pa to 20.9 kPa. The torque measured by the adhesive patch ranged from 2.6 to 10 mN m, at which point the dry adhesives became detached. The adhesive strength was 1.75 kPa under an applied preload of 1.65 kPa for an adhesive patch with an adhesive contact area of 7.07 cm2.

Krahn, J.; Menon, C.

2013-08-01

160

Combinatorial Investigations of Polymer Adhesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this work, we introduce a combinatorial technique that can be used to investigate adhesive interactions between a polymer and either another polymer, a ceramic, or a metal. The primary goal in the development of this technique is to design a high-throughput, parallel processing adhesion test that allows the adhesive strength dependence on multivariable environments to be determined. This combinatorial polymer adhesion test will provide qualitative and quantitative data used to determine absolute measures of adhesion as a function of the multidimensional parameter space. These results will aid industrial screening for optimal adhesives, as well as provide a unique tool for gaining a fundamental understanding of polymer adhesion. We investigate the temperature and thickness dependence of the self-adhesion of polystyrene (PS) and the adhesion between PS and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) for demonstration of concept.

Crosby, Alfred; Karim, Alamgir; Amis, Eric

2001-01-01

161

Flexibilized copolyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two copolyimides, LARC-STPI and STPI-LARC-2, with flexible backbones were processed and characterized as adhesives. The processability and adhesive properties were compared to those of a commercially available form of LARC-TPI. Lap shear specimens were fabricated using adhesive tape prepared from each of the three polymers. Lap shear tests were performed at room temperature, 177 C, and 204 C before and after exposure to water-boil and to thermal aging at 204 C for up to 1000 hours. The three adhesive systems possess exceptional lap shear strengths at room temperature and elevated temperatures both before and after thermal exposure. LARC-STPI, because of its high glass transition temperature provided high lap shear strengths up to 260 C. After water-boil, LARC-TPI exhibited the highest lap shear strengths at room temperature and 177 C, whereas the LARC-STPI retained a higher percentage of its original strength when tested at 204 C. These flexible thermoplastic copolyimides show considerable potential as adhesives based on this study and because of the ease of preparation with low cost, commercially available materials.

Progar, Donald J.; St.clair, Terry L.

1988-01-01

162

Platelet Adhesion under Flow  

PubMed Central

Platelet adhesive mechanisms play a well-defined role in hemostasis and thrombosis, but evidence continues to emerge for a relevant contribution to other pathophysiological processes including inflammation, immune-mediated responses to microbial and viral pathogens, and cancer metastasis. Hemostasis and thrombosis are related aspects of the response to vascular injury, but the former protects from bleeding after trauma while the latter is a disease mechanism. In either situation, adhesive interactions mediated by specific membrane receptors support the initial attachment of single platelets to cellular and extracellular matrix constituents of the vessel wall and tissues. In the subsequent steps of thrombus growth and stabilization, adhesive interactions mediate platelet to platelet cohesion (aggregation) and anchoring to the fibrin clot. A key functional aspect of platelets is their ability to circulate in a quiescent state surveying the integrity of the inner vascular surface, coupled to a prompt reaction wherever alterations are detected. In many respects, therefore, platelet adhesion to vascular wall structures, to one another or to other blood cells are facets of the same fundamental biological process. The adaptation of platelet adhesive functions to the effects of blood flow is the main focus of this review. PMID:19191170

Ruggeri, Zaverio M.

2011-01-01

163

Kidney injury molecule-1 is a phosphatidylserine receptor that confers a phagocytic phenotype on epithelial cells  

PubMed Central

Following injury, the clearance of apoptotic and necrotic cells is necessary for mitigation and resolution of inflammation and tissue repair. In addition to macrophages, which are traditionally assigned to this task, neighboring epithelial cells in the affected tissue are postulated to contribute to this process. Kidney injury molecule1 (KIM-1 or TIM-1) is an immunoglobulin superfamily cell-surface protein not expressed by cells of the myeloid lineage but highly upregulated on the surface of injured kidney epithelial cells. Here we demonstrate that injured kidney epithelial cells assumed attributes of endogenous phagocytes. Confocal images confirm internalization of apoptotic bodies within KIM-1–expressing epithelial cells after injury in rat kidney tubules in vivo. KIM-1 was directly responsible for phagocytosis in cultured primary rat tubule epithelial cells and also porcine and canine epithelial cell lines. KIM-1 was able to specifically recognize apoptotic cell surface-specific epitopes phosphatidylserine, and oxidized lipoproteins, expressed by apoptotic tubular epithelial cells. Thus, KIM-1 is the first nonmyeloid phosphatidylserine receptor identified to our knowledge that transforms epithelial cells into semiprofessional phagocytes. PMID:18414680

Ichimura, Takaharu; Asseldonk, Edwin J.P.v.; Humphreys, Benjamin D.; Gunaratnam, Lakshman; Duffield, Jeremy S.; Bonventre, Joseph V.

2008-01-01

164

Chronic epithelial kidney injury molecule-1 expression causes murine kidney fibrosis  

PubMed Central

Acute kidney injury predisposes patients to the development of both chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal failure, but the molecular details underlying this important clinical association remain obscure. We report that kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), an epithelial phosphatidylserine receptor expressed transiently after acute injury and chronically in fibrotic renal disease, promotes kidney fibrosis. Conditional expression of KIM-1 in renal epithelial cells (Kim1RECtg) in the absence of an injury stimulus resulted in focal epithelial vacuolization at birth, but otherwise normal tubule histology and kidney function. By 4 weeks of age, Kim1RECtg mice developed spontaneous and progressive interstitial kidney inflammation with fibrosis, leading to renal failure with anemia, proteinuria, hyperphosphatemia, hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy, and death, analogous to progressive kidney disease in humans. Kim1RECtg kidneys had elevated expression of proinflammatory monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) at early time points. Heterologous expression of KIM-1 in an immortalized proximal tubule cell line triggered MCP-1 secretion and increased MCP-1–dependent macrophage chemotaxis. In mice expressing a mutant, truncated KIM-1 polypeptide, experimental kidney fibrosis was ameliorated with reduced levels of MCP-1, consistent with a profibrotic role for native KIM-1. Thus, sustained KIM-1 expression promotes kidney fibrosis and provides a link between acute and recurrent injury with progressive chronic kidney disease. PMID:23979159

Humphreys, Benjamin D.; Xu, Fengfeng; Sabbisetti, Venkata; Grgic, Ivica; Naini, Said Movahedi; Wang, Ningning; Chen, Guochun; Xiao, Sheng; Patel, Dhruti; Henderson, Joel M.; Ichimura, Takaharu; Mou, Shan; Soeung, Savuth; McMahon, Andrew P.; Kuchroo, Vijay K.; Bonventre, Joseph V.

2013-01-01

165

Dietary patterns are associated with biochemical markers of inflammation and endothelial activation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)2  

PubMed Central

Background Dietary patterns may influence cardiovascular disease risk through effects on inflammation and endothelial activation. Objective We examined relations between dietary patterns and markers of inflammation and endothelial activation. Design At baseline, diet (food-frequency questionnaire) and concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), homocysteine, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and soluble E selectin were assessed in 5089 nondiabetic participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Results Four dietary patterns were derived by using factor analysis. The fats and processed meats pattern (fats, oils, processed meats, fried potatoes, salty snacks, and desserts) was positively associated with CRP (P for trend < 0.001), IL-6 (P for trend < 0.001), and homocysteine (P for trend = 0.002). The beans, tomatoes, and refined grains pattern (beans, tomatoes, refined grains, and high-fat dairy products) was positively related to sICAM-1 (P for trend = 0.007). In contrast, the whole grains and fruit pattern (whole grains, fruit, nuts, and green leafy vegetables) was inversely associated with CRP, IL-6, homocysteine (P for trend ? 0.001), and sICAM-1 (P for trend = 0.034), and the vegetables and fish pattern (fish and dark-yellow, cruciferous, and other vegetables) was inversely related to IL-6 (P for trend = 0.009). CRP, IL-6, and homocysteine relations across the fats and processed meats and whole grains and fruit patterns were independent of demographics and lifestyle factors and were not modified by race-ethnicity. CRP and homocysteine relations were independent of waist circumference. Conclusions These results corroborate previous findings that empirically derived dietary patterns are associated with inflammation and show that these relations in an ethnically diverse population with unique dietary habits are similar to findings in more homogeneous populations. PMID:16762949

Nettleton, Jennifer A; Steffen, Lyn M; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J; Jenny, Nancy S; Jiang, Rui; Herrington, David M; Jacobs, David R

2010-01-01

166

Differential effects of isoflurane and CO2 inhalation on plasma levels of inflammatory markers associated with collagen-induced arthritis in DBA mice.  

PubMed

Inhalation of CO2 or isoflurane is a commonly used method of euthanasia with mice, but information related to their effects on serum inflammatory markers in chronic models of inflammation is limited. In the current study, nineteen-week old DBA female mice with (n = 53) or without (n = 51) collagen-induced arthritis were randomly assigned to euthanization with CO2 (n = 55) or isoflurane (n = 49. Plasma was collected for the measurement of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by ELISA. When mice without and with collagen-induced arthritis were pooled, compared to CO2, administration of isoflurane was associated with lower production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha (pg/ml, mean +/- SEM) (26.1 +/- 2.82 versus 48.1 +/- 7.99) and IL-6 (25.18 +/- 2.73 versus 48.1 +/- 6.82) (ANOVA, p < 0.05). In contrast to TNF-alpha and IL-6, administration of CO2 decreased the plasma sICAM-1 level (1170+/- 50 versus 758 +/- 24 for CO2) (p < 0.00001). When data were analyzed as a function of collagen-induced arthritis, the differences between CO2 and isoflurane persisted. Low plasma sICAM-1 levels found in CO2 euthanasia group may be due to degradation. Since mice are the most common animal model for studying inflammation, researchers should be aware of these iatrogenic experimental variables before interpreting their data. PMID:19341822

Lawrance, Christopher C; Lucas, Edralin A; Clarke, Stephen L; Smith, Brenda J; Kuvibidila, Solo

2009-07-01

167

Circulating monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and angiogenin in type 2 diabetic patients treated with statins in low doses.  

PubMed

Statins are known as agents promoting a biphasic dose-dependent effect on angiogenesis under experimental conditions. Dysregulation of angiogenesis plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis and it may be affected by metabolic factors. The aim of this research was to explain how low doses of statins modify serum concentrations of pro-angiogenic factors MCP-1 and angiogenin in type 2 diabetic patients. Measurements of metabolic control parameters were performed in 30 patients with type 2 diabetes treated with low doses of statin, and in 34 statin-free patients with type 2 diabetes. The serum levels of MCP-1 and VCAM-1 in statin-treated patients were lower than those of the statin-free group. ANCOVA results revealed that these effects were dependent only on the use of statins. In type 2 diabetic subjects, overall positive correlation was found between total cholesterol or LDL serum concentration and MCP-1 serum level. The angiogenin concentration in the serum did not show differences and was comparable in both groups. The angiogenin serum level correlated negatively with HDL, LDL and with HbA1c. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that angiogenin serum levels in type 2 diabetic patients were determined mainly by HbA1c, HDL-cholesterol and diabetes duration. It has been shown that statins used in low doses in type 2 diabetic subjects decrease MCP-1 and VCAM-1serum levels, most likely due to the statins-related effect on the lipid profile, while angiogenin serum levels in this group are determined rather by the current metabolic control. PMID:24991787

Dworacka, Marzena; Krzy?agórska, Ewa; Weso?owska, Anna; Zharmakhanova, Gulmira; Iskakova, Saule; Dworacki, Grzegorz

2014-10-01

168

Isolation of Human Conjunctival Mast Cells and Epithelial Cells: Tumor Necrosis Factor-a from Mast Cells Affects Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Expression on Epithelial Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE. TO isolate and purify mast cells and epithelial cells from human cadaveric donor conjunc- tival tissue and to characterize interactions between these cell types in vitro. METHODS. Monodispersed cell suspensions obtained by enzymatic digestion of conjunctival tissue were applied to a single-density Percoll gradient. Epithelial cells obtained from the top layer of the gradient were cultured to confluence. Mast

Ellen B. Cook; James L Stahl; Steven T. Miller; James E. Gem; Kris A. Sukow; Frank M. Graziano; Neal P. Barney

169

Natural Underwater Adhesives.  

PubMed

The general topic of this review is protein-based underwater adhesives produced by aquatic organisms. The focus is on mechanisms of interfacial adhesion to native surfaces and controlled underwater solidification of natural water-borne adhesives. Four genera that exemplify the broad range of function, general mechanistic features, and unique adaptations are discussed in detail: blue mussels, acorn barnacles, sandcastle worms, and freshwater caddisfly larva. Aquatic surfaces in nature are charged and in equilibrium with their environment, populated by an electrical double layer of ions as well as adsorbed natural polyelectrolytes and microbial biofilms. Surface adsorption of underwater bioadhesives likely occurs by exchange of surface bound ligands by amino acid sidechains, driven primarily by relative affinities and effective concentrations of polymeric functional groups. Most aquatic organisms exploit modified amino acid sidechains, in particular phosphorylated serines and hydroxylated tyrosines (dopa), with high-surface affinity that form coordinative surface complexes. After delivery to the surfaces as a fluid, permanent natural adhesives solidify to bear sustained loads. Mussel plaques are assembled in a manner superficially reminiscent of in vitro layer-by-layer strategies, with sequentially delivered layers associated through Fe(dopa)(3) coordination bonds. The adhesives of sandcastle worms, caddisfly larva, and barnacles may be delivered in a form somewhat similar to in vitro complex coacervation. Marine adhesives are secreted, or excreted, into seawater that has a significantly higher pH and ionic strength than the internal environment. Empirical evidence suggests these environment triggers could provide minimalistic, fail-safe timing mechanisms to prevent premature solidification (insolubilization) of the glue within the secretory system, yet allow rapid solidification after secretion. Underwater bioadhesives are further strengthened by secondary covalent curing. PMID:21643511

Stewart, Russell J; Ransom, Todd C; Hlady, Vladimir

2011-06-01

170

Natural Underwater Adhesives  

PubMed Central

The general topic of this review is protein-based underwater adhesives produced by aquatic organisms. The focus is on mechanisms of interfacial adhesion to native surfaces and controlled underwater solidification of natural water-borne adhesives. Four genera that exemplify the broad range of function, general mechanistic features, and unique adaptations are discussed in detail: blue mussels, acorn barnacles, sandcastle worms, and freshwater caddisfly larva. Aquatic surfaces in nature are charged and in equilibrium with their environment, populated by an electrical double layer of ions as well as adsorbed natural polyelectrolytes and microbial biofilms. Surface adsorption of underwater bioadhesives likely occurs by exchange of surface bound ligands by amino acid sidechains, driven primarily by relative affinities and effective concentrations of polymeric functional groups. Most aquatic organisms exploit modified amino acid sidechains, in particular phosphorylated serines and hydroxylated tyrosines (dopa), with high-surface affinity that form coordinative surface complexes. After delivery to the surfaces as a fluid, permanent natural adhesives solidify to bear sustained loads. Mussel plaques are assembled in a manner superficially reminiscent of in vitro layer-by-layer strategies, with sequentially delivered layers associated through Fe(dopa)3 coordination bonds. The adhesives of sandcastle worms, caddisfly larva, and barnacles may be delivered in a form somewhat similar to in vitro complex coacervation. Marine adhesives are secreted, or excreted, into seawater that has a significantly higher pH and ionic strength than the internal environment. Empirical evidence suggests these environment triggers could provide minimalistic, fail-safe timing mechanisms to prevent premature solidification (insolubilization) of the glue within the secretory system, yet allow rapid solidification after secretion. Underwater bioadhesives are further strengthened by secondary covalent curing. PMID:21643511

Stewart, Russell J.; Ransom, Todd C.; Hlady, Vladimir

2011-01-01

171

Elastomer toughened polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A rubber-toughened addition-type polyimide composition is disclosed which has excellent high temperature bonding characteristics in the fully cured state, and improved peel strength and adhesive fracture resistance physical property characteristics. The process for making the improved adhesive involves preparing the rubber containing amic acid prepolymer by chemically reacting an amine-terminated elastomer and an aromatic diamine with an aromatic dianhydride with which a reactive chain stopper anhydride was mixed, and utilizing solvent or mixture of solvents for the reaction.

St.clair, A. K.; St.clair, T. L. (inventors)

1983-01-01

172

Bulk adhesive strength of recombinant hybrid mussel adhesive protein  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mussel adhesive proteins (MAPs) have received increased attention as potential biomedical and environmental friendly adhesives. However, practical application of MAPs has been severely limited by uneconomical extraction and unsuccessful genetic production. Developing new adhesives requires access to large quantities of material and demonstrations of bulk mechanical properties. Previously, the authors designed fp-151, a fusion protein comprised of six MAP type

Hyung Joon Cha; Dong Soo Hwang; Seonghye Lim; James D. White; Cristina R. Matos-Perez; Jonathan J. Wilker

2009-01-01

173

Biomimetic Adhesive Polymers Based on Mussel Adhesive Proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nature provides many outstanding examples of adhesive strategies from which chemists and material scientists can draw inspiration in their pursuit of new adhesive materials. As described in other chapters of this book, detailed studies of the adhesive mechanisms of geckos, mussels and other organisms during the past several decades have enhanced our understanding of the underlying physicochemical principles to the

BRUCE P. LEE; JEFFREY L. DALSIN; PHILLIP B. MESSERSMITH

174

The adhesive properties of coacervated recombinant hybrid mussel adhesive proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marine mussels attach to substrates using adhesive proteins. It has been suggested that complex coacervation (liquid–liquid phase separation via concentration) might be involved in the highly condensed and non-water dispersed adhesion process of mussel adhesive proteins (MAPs). However, as purified natural MAPs are difficult to obtain, it has not been possible to experimentally validate the coacervation model. In the present

Seonghye Lim; Yoo Seong Choi; Dong Gyun Kang; Young Hoon Song; Hyung Joon Cha

2010-01-01

175

Adhesion of explosives.  

PubMed

It is of increasing importance to understand how explosive particles adhere to surfaces in order to understand how to remove them for detection in airport or other security settings. In this study, adhesion forces between royal demolition explosive (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine) (RDX), pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN), and trinitrotoluene (TNT) in their crystalline forms and aluminum coupons with three finishes, acrylic melamine (clear coating), polyester acrylic melamine (white coating) automotive finishes, and a green military-grade finish, were measured and modeled. The force measurements were performed using the atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based colloidal probe microscopy (CPM) method. Explosive particles were mounted on AFM cantilevers and repeatedly brought in and out of contact with the surfaces of interest while the required force needed to pull out of contact was recorded. An existing Matlab-based simulator was used to describe the observed adhesion force distributions, with excellent agreement. In these simulations, the measured topographies of the interacting surfaces were considered, although the geometries were approximated. The simulations were performed using a van der Waals force-based adhesion model and a composite effective Hamaker constant. It was determined that certain combinations of roughness on the interacting surfaces led to preferred particle-substrate orientations that produced extreme adhesion forces. PMID:23510004

Chaffee-Cipich, Michelle N; Sturtevant, Bryce D; Beaudoin, Stephen P

2013-06-01

176

Rapid adhesive bonding concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesive bonding in the aerospace industry typically utilizes autoclaves or presses which have considerable thermal mass. As a consequence, the rates of heatup and cooldown of the bonded parts are limited and the total time and cost of the bonding process is often relatively high. Many of the adhesives themselves do not inherently require long processing times. Bonding could be performed rapidly if the heat was concentrated in the bond lines or at least in the adherends. Rapid adhesive bonding concepts were developed to utilize induction heating techniques to provide heat directly to the bond line and/or adherends without heating the entire structure, supports, and fixtures of a bonding assembly. Bonding times for specimens are cut by a factor of 10 to 100 compared to standard press bonding. The development of rapid adhesive bonding for lap shear specimens (per ASTM D1003 and D3163), for aerospace panel bonding, and for field repair needs of metallic and advanced fiber reinforced polymeric matrix composite structures are reviewed.

Stein, B. A.; Tyeryar, J. R.; Hodges, W. T.

1984-01-01

177

Osteoblast adhesion on biomaterials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of tissue engineering in the field of orthopaedic surgery is now booming. Two fields of research in particular are emerging: the association of osteo-inductive factors with implantable materials; and the association of osteogenic stem cells with these materials (hybrid materials). In both cases, an understanding of the phenomena of cell adhesion and, in particular, understanding of the proteins

K. Anselme

2000-01-01

178

Hepatic leukostasis and hypoxic stress in adhesion molecule-deficient mice after gut ischemia/reperfusion.  

PubMed Central

The concept that leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion (LECA) is a major determinant of the tissue injury elicited by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is largely based on studies employing adhesion molecule-specific monoclonal antibodies. The objective of this study was to assess the contribution of LECA to I/R injury using mutant mice (all on a C57B1 background) that are deficient in either intracellular adhesion molecule-1, P-selectin, or CD11/CD18. The accumulation of fluorescently labeled leukocytes and the number of nonperfused sinusoids in livers of control and adhesion molecule-deficient mice were monitored by intravital microscopy for 1 h after release of the occluded (for 15 min) superior mesenteric artery. Autofluorescence of pyridine nucleotide (NADH) was measured as an indicator of mitochondrial O2 consumption and redox status. The number of stationary leukocytes in the liver after gut I/R was significantly elevated compared with baseline values in C57B1 (control) mice. Autofluorescence of NADH was also significantly increased (indicating hypoxia) after I/R in these mice, especially in the pericentral region. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1-, CD11/CD18-, and P-selectin-deficient mice all exhibited a blunted leukosequestration response to I/R and smaller increments in nonperfused sinusoids, relative to C57B1 mice. All adhesion molecule-deficient mice also exhibited an attenuated increment in NADH autofluorescence in the pericentral region, relative to control mice. These results from adhesion molecule-deficient mice provide additional support for the view that LECA is an important determinant of the liver dysfunction induced by gut I/R. PMID:9045883

Horie, Y; Wolf, R; Anderson, D C; Granger, D N

1997-01-01

179

Thioredoxin1 Downregulates Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein-Induced Adhesion Molecule Expression via Smad3 Protein  

PubMed Central

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammation disease that is initiated by endothelial cell injury. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is directly associated with chronic vascular inflammation. To understand whether thioredoxin1 (Trx1) participates in an antiinflammatory defense mechanism in atherosclerosis, we investigated the effect of Trx1 on the expression of two adhesion molecules, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Thioredoxin1 and dominant-negative mutant thioredoxin1 (TD) were transiently overexpressed using adenovirus vector gene transfer. Our data showed that Trx1 overexpression suppressed ox-LDL-induced adhesion molecule expression in HUVECs. The overexpression of Trx1 promoted ox-LDL-induced Smad3 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. A co-immunoprecipitation assay indicated that Smad3 continued to interact with Trx1 with or without ox-LDL stimulation. These results suggest that Trx1 inherently suppresses VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression in vascular endothelia and may prevent the initiation of atherosclerosis by attenuating adhesion molecule expression. The enhancement of Smad3 phosphorylation and nuclear expression appears to be primarily responsible for the Trx1-induced downregulation of adhesion molecules. PMID:24086714

Chen, Beidong; Wang, Wendong; Shen, Tao; Qi, Ruomei

2013-01-01

180

Genetic transfer of fusion proteins effectively inhibits VCAM-1-mediated cell adhesion and transmigration via inhibition of cytoskeletal anchorage.  

PubMed

The adhesion of leukocytes to endothelium plays a central role in the development of atherosclerosis and thus represents an attractive therapeutic target for anti-atherosclerotic therapies. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) mediates both the initial tethering and the firm adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells. Our work evaluates the feasibility of using the cytoskeletal anchorage of VCAM-1 as a target for gene therapy. As a proof of concept, integrin alphaIIbbeta3-mediated cell adhesion with clearly defined cytoskeletal anchorage was tested. We constructed fusion proteins containing the intracellular domain of beta3 placed at various distances to the cell membrane. Using cell adhesion assays and immunofluorescence, we established fusion constructs with competitive and dominant negative inhibition of cell adhesion. With the goal being the transfer of the dominant negative mechanism towards VCAM-1 inhibition, we constructed a fusion molecule containing the cytoplasmic domain of VCAM-1. Indeed, VCAM-1 mediated leukocyte adhesion can be inhibited via transfection of DNA encoding the designed VCAM-1 fusion protein. This is demonstrated in adhesion assays under static and flow conditions using CHO cells expressing recombinant VCAM-1 as well as activated endothelial cells. Thus, we are able to describe a novel approach for dominant negative inhibition of leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells. This approach warrants further development as a novel gene therapeutic strategy that aims for a locally restricted effect at atherosclerotic areas of the vasculature. PMID:20414973

Hagemeyer, Christoph E; Ahrens, Ingo; Bassler, Nicole; Dschachutaschwili, Natia; Chen, Yung C; Eisenhardt, Steffen U; Bode, Christoph; Peter, Karlheinz

2010-01-01

181

ADHESIVE BONDING IN MARINE STRUCTURES  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY For High Speed Craft adhesives are used for the panes, seat rails, the rudder bearings in the housing, and propulsion shafts. This paper describes specialities of the design of adhesive bonds, rules and guidelines as well as approval aspects for adhesives and manufacturing requirements. Exemplarily for panes of a cruise vessel a calculation method is compared with full-scale measurements

Dirk Brügge; Karsten Fach; Wolfgang Franzelius

182

Rapid Adhesive Bonding of Composites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Strong bonds created in less time and with less power than use of conventional bonding methods. Rapid adhesive bonding (RAB) technique for composites uses high-frequency induction heating toroids to quickly heat metallic susceptor impregnated with thermoplastic adhesive or sandwiched between thermoset or thermoplastic adhesive cloths or films. Susceptor steel screen or perforated steel foil.

Stein, B. A.; Tyeryar, J. R.; Fox, R. L.; Sterling, S. Elmo, Jr.; Buckley, J. D.; Inge, Spencer V., Jr.; Burcher, L. G.; Wright, Robert E., Jr.

1986-01-01

183

hsCRP, sICAM-1 and TAFI in Hemodialysis Patients: Linking Inflammation and Hypofibrinolysis to Cardiovascular Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Growing evidence suggests that inflammation, oxidative stress and hypofibrinolysis may have a pivotal role in the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This study aims to investigate the association of these processes with the incidence of CVD in hemodialysis (HD) patients and to examine the modulating effect of oral L-arginine in HD patients

Mohamed Z. Gad; Hala O. El-Mesallamy; Eman F. Sanad

2008-01-01

184

Conductivity mechanisms of isotropic conductive adhesives (ICAs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isotropic conductive adhesives (ICAs) are usually composites of adhesive resins with conductive fillers (mainly silver flakes). The adhesive pastes before cure usually have low electrical conductivity. The conductive adhesives become highly conductive only after the adhesives are cured and solidified. The mechanisms of conductivity achievement in conductive adhesives were discussed. Experiments were carefully designed in order to determine the roles

Daoqiang Lu; Quinn K. Tong; C. P. Wong

1999-01-01

185

High-Mobility Group Box-1 Induces Decreased Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor-Mediated Neuroprotection in the Diabetic Retina  

PubMed Central

To test the hypothesis that brain-derived neurotrophic factor-(BDNF-) mediated neuroprotection is reduced by high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in diabetic retina, paired vitreous and serum samples from 46 proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 34 nondiabetic patients were assayed for BDNF, HMGB1, soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and TBARS. We also examined retinas of diabetic and HMGB1 intravitreally injected rats. The effect of the HMGB1 inhibitor glycyrrhizin on diabetes-induced changes in retinal BDNF expressions was studied. Western blot, ELISA, and TBARS assays were used. BDNF was not detected in vitreous samples. BDNF levels were significantly lower in serum samples from diabetic patients compared with nondiabetics, whereas HMGB1, sRAGE, sICAM-1, and TBARS levels were significantly higher in diabetic serum samples. MCP-1 levels did not differ significantly. There was significant inverse correlation between serum levels of BDNF and HMGB1. Diabetes and intravitreal administration of HMGB1 induced significant upregulation of the expression of HMGB1, TBARS, and cleaved caspase-3, whereas the expression of BDNF and synaptophysin was significantly downregulated in rat retinas. Glycyrrhizin significantly attenuated diabetes-induced downregulation of BDNF. Our results suggest that HMGB1-induced downregulation of BDNF might be involved in pathogenesis of diabetic retinal neurodegeneration. PMID:23766563

Nawaz, Mohd Imtiaz; Siddiquei, Mohammad Mairaj; Al-Kharashi, Abdullah S.; Kangave, Dustan; Mohammad, Ghulam

2013-01-01

186

The autonomic phenotype of rumination.  

PubMed

Recent studies suggest that ruminative thoughts may be mediators of the prolonged physiological effects of stress. We hypothesized that autonomic dysregulation plays a role in the relation between rumination and health. Rumination was induced by an anger-recall task in 45 healthy subjects. Heart rate variability (HRV), baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), and baroreflex effectiveness index (BEI) change scores were evaluated to obtain the autonomic phenotype of rumination. Personality traits and endothelial activation were examined for their relation to autonomic responses during rumination. Degree of endothelial activation was assessed by circulating soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1). Vagal withdrawal during rumination was greater for women than men. Larger decreases in the high frequency component of HRV were associated with higher levels of anger-in, depression, and sICAM-1 levels. BRS reactivity was negatively related to trait anxiety. BEI reactivity was positively related to anger-in, hostility, anxiety, and depression. Lower BEI and BRS recovery were associated with lower social desirability and higher anger-out, anxiety, and depression. Findings suggest that the autonomic dysregulation that characterizes rumination plays a role in the relationships between personality and cardiovascular health. PMID:19272312

Ottaviani, Cristina; Shapiro, David; Davydov, Dmitry M; Goldstein, Iris B; Mills, Paul J

2009-06-01

187

Genetic variants in ABO blood group region, plasma soluble E-selectin levels and risk of type 2 diabetes  

PubMed Central

Blood soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) levels have been related to various conditions such as type 2 diabetes. We performed a genome-wide association study among women of European ancestry from the Nurses' Health Study, and identified genome-wide significant associations between a cluster of markers at the ABO locus (9q34) and plasma sE-selectin concentration. The strongest association was with rs651007, which explained ?9.71% of the variation in sE-selectin concentrations. SNP rs651007 was also nominally associated with soluble intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) (P = 0.026) and TNF-R2 levels (P = 0.018), independent of sE-selectin. In addition, the genetic-inferred ABO blood group genotypes were associated with sE-selectin concentrations (P = 3.55 × 10?47). Moreover, we found that the genetic-inferred blood group B was associated with a decreased risk (OR = 0.44, 0.27–0.70) of type 2 diabetes compared with blood group O, adjusting for sE-selectin, sICAM-1, TNF-R2 and other covariates. Our findings indicate that the genetic variants at ABO locus affect plasma sE-selectin levels and diabetes risk. The genetic associations with diabetes risk were independent of sE-selectin levels. PMID:20147318

Qi, Lu; Cornelis, Marilyn C.; Kraft, Peter; Jensen, Majken; van Dam, Rob M.; Sun, Qi; Girman, Cynthia J.; Laurie, Cathy C.; Mirel, Daniel B.; Hunter, David J.; Rimm, Eric; Hu, Frank B.

2010-01-01

188

Biological adhesives and fastening devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sea creatures are a leading source to some of the more interesting discoveries in adhesives. Because sea water naturally breaks down even the strongest conventional adhesive, an alternative is important that could be used in repairing or fabricating anything that might have regular contact with moisture such as: Repairing broken and shattered bones, developing a surgical adhesive, use in the dental work, repairing and building ships, and manufacturing plywood. Some of nature's prototypes include the common mussel, limpet, some bacteria and abalone. As we learn more about these adhesives we are also developing non adhesive fasteners, such as mimicked after studying the octopus, burdock burrs (i.e. Velcro®) and the gecko.

Wolpert, H. D.

2012-04-01

189

Engineering Cell Adhesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Cells exist within a complex and ever-changing environment, which includes soluble molecules such as growth factors, an extracellular\\u000a matrix that includes adhesive proteins and carbohydrates, and other neighboring cells. They actively sense and respond to\\u000a changes in this environment, existing in a state of physiological equilibrium with it. Thus, it has been said, “. . . the\\u000a unit of function

Kiran Bhadriraju; Wendy F. Liu; Darren S. Gray; Christopher S. Chen

190

Adhesion Mechanisms of Staphylococci  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Staphylococcal adherence to an either biotic or abiotic surface is the critical first event in the establishment of an infection\\u000a with these serious pathogens. Especially Staphylococcus aureus harbours a variety of proteinaceous and non-proteinaceous adhesins that mediate attachment to a multitude of host factors,\\u000a such as extracellular matrix and plasma proteins and human host cells, or intercellular adhesion, which is

Christine Heilmann

191

Adhesion Molecule Polymorphisms and Pulse Wave Velocity in American Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Our research group recently reported that aorto-radial (radial) and aorto-dorsalis-pedis (foot) pulse wave velocity (PWV) as proxies of arterial stiffness are substantially heritable in healthy youth. This paper aimed at uncovering the genetic contributions of adhesion molecules, key members in the inflammatory process, to PWV in these young individuals. Methods Radial and foot PWV were non-invasively measured with applanation tonometry in 702 black and white subjects (42% blacks, mean age 17.7 ±3.3 years) from the Georgia Cardiovascular Twin Study. Eight functional polymorphisms from genes for E-selectin (SELE), P-selectin (SELP), intercellular adhesion molecules-1 (ICAM1), and vascular cell adhesion molecules-1 (VCAM1) were genotyped. Results Youth with Ser290Asn or Asn290Asn genotype (SELP) compared to those with Ser290Ser had an increase in both radial and foot PWV (6.61±0.07 vs. 6.41±0.05 m/s, p=0.026; 7.22±0.05 vs. 7.04±0.04 m/s, p=0.007). TT homozygotes of rs2244529 (SELP) had higher foot PWV (7.28±0.07 vs. 7.06±0.03 m/s, p=0.002) than CT heterozygotes and CC homozygotes. There appeared to be a decrease in foot PWV in youth with the 241Arg allele (ICAM1) as compared to those without (6.96±0.08 vs. 7.14±0.03 m/s, p=0.005). For the Asp693Asp (C to T) polymorphism (VCAM1), CC genotype had higher foot PWV than CT and TT genotypes (7.18±0.04 vs. 6.95±0.06 m/s, p<0.0001). There was an epistatic interaction between Ser290Asn, Gly241Arg, and Asp693Asp on foot PWV (p=0.017), explaining 3.6% variance of the foot PWV. Conclusion Genetic variation of adhesion molecules may be implicated in the development of arterial stiffness. Screening for adhesion molecule polymorphisms may help identify high-risk youth. PMID:18828734

Zhu, Haidong; Yan, Weili; Tan, Yuande; Li, Ke; Kapuku, Gaston; Treiber, Frank A.; Su, Shaoyong; Harshfield, Gregory A.; Snieder, Harold; Dong, Yanbin

2013-01-01

192

Development of phosphorylated adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The synthesis of epoxy prepolymers containing phosphorus was carried out in such a manner as to provide adhesives containing at least 5 percent of this element. The purpose of this was to impart fire retardant properties to the adhesive. The two epoxy derivatives, bis(4-glycidyl-oxyphenyl)phenylphosphine oxide and bis(4-glycidyl-2-methoxyphenyl)phenylphosphonate, and a curing agent, bis(3-aminophenyl)methylphosphine oxide, were used in conjunction with one another and along with conventional epoxy resins and curing agents to bond Tedlar and Polyphenylethersulfone films to Kerimid-glass syntactic foam-filled honeycomb structures. Elevated temperatures are required to cure the epoxy resins with the phosphorus-contaning diamine; however, when Tedlar is being bonded, lower curing temperatures must be used to avoid shrinkage and the concomitant formation of surface defects. Thus, the phosphorus-containing aromatic amine curing agent cannot be used alone, although it is possible to use it in conjunction with an aliphatic amine which would allow lower cure temperatures to be used. The experimental epoxy resins have not provided adhesive bonds quite as strong as those provided by Epon 828 when compared in peel tests, but the differences are not very significant. It should be noted, if optimum properties are to be realized. In any case the fire retardant characteristics of the neat resin systems obtained are quite pronounced, since in most cases the self-extinguishing properties are evident almost instantly when specimens are removed from a flame.

Bilow, N.; Giants, T. W.; Jenkins, R. K.; Campbell, P. L.

1983-01-01

193

Ceramic microstructure and adhesion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When a ceramic is brought into contact with a ceramic, a polymer, or a metal, strong bond forces can develop between the materials. The bonding forces will depend upon the state of the surfaces, cleanliness and the fundamental properties of the two solids, both surface and bulk. Adhesion between a ceramic and another solid are discussed from a theoretical consideration of the nature of the surfaces and experimentally by relating bond forces to interface resulting from solid state contact. Surface properties of ceramics correlated with adhesion include, orientation, reconstruction and diffusion as well as the chemistry of the surface specie. Where a ceramic is in contact with a metal their interactive chemistry and bond strength is considered. Bulk properties examined include elastic and plastic behavior in the surficial regions, cohesive binding energies, crystal structures and crystallographic orientation. Materials examined with respect to interfacial adhesive interactions include silicon carbide, nickel zinc ferrite, manganese zinc ferrite, and aluminum oxide. The surfaces of the contacting solids are studied both in the atomic or molecularly clean state and in the presence of selected surface contaminants.

Buckley, D. H.

1984-01-01

194

Structural basis for vinculin activation at sites of cell adhesion.  

PubMed

Vinculin is a highly conserved intracellular protein with a crucial role in the maintenance and regulation of cell adhesion and migration. In the cytosol, vinculin adopts a default autoinhibited conformation. On recruitment to cell-cell and cell-matrix adherens-type junctions, vinculin becomes activated and mediates various protein-protein interactions that regulate the links between F-actin and the cadherin and integrin families of cell-adhesion molecules. Here we describe the crystal structure of the full-length vinculin molecule (1,066 amino acids), which shows a five-domain autoinhibited conformation in which the carboxy-terminal tail domain is held pincer-like by the vinculin head, and ligand binding is regulated both sterically and allosterically. We show that conformational changes in the head, tail and proline-rich domains are linked structurally and thermodynamically, and propose a combinatorial pathway to activation that ensures that vinculin is activated only at sites of cell adhesion when two or more of its binding partners are brought into apposition. PMID:15195105

Bakolitsa, Constantina; Cohen, Daniel M; Bankston, Laurie A; Bobkov, Andrey A; Cadwell, Gregory W; Jennings, Lisa; Critchley, David R; Craig, Susan W; Liddington, Robert C

2004-07-29

195

Adhesion and Wettability of Marine Adhesive Proteins in Aqueous Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work of adhesion on substrates with low and high surface energies using a variety of homo, random and sequential polypeptides containing L-lysine has been investigated to evaluate the role of individual amino acids together with the sequences in marine adhesive proteins. The work of adhesion of poly (L-lysine) was lower (34–79 mJ\\/m) on the surfaces of Teflon and polyethylene

Hiroyuki Yamamoto; Takahiro Ogawa; Shin-Ichi Ohara; Ayako Nishida; Yuuki Hirata; Hideki Tatehata; Kousaku Ohkawa

1996-01-01

196

Epigallocatechin 3-gallate inhibits 7-ketocholesterol-induced monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion.  

PubMed

7-Ketocholesterol (7KC) induces monocytic adhesion to endothelial cells, and induces arteriosclerosis while high-density lipoprotein (HDL) inhibits monocytic adhesion to the endothelium. Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) was found to have a protective effect against arteriosclerosis. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the possible HDL-like mechanisms of EGCG in endothelial cells by investigating whether EGCG inhibits 7KC-induced monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion by activating HDL-dependent signal transduction pathways. 7KC and/or EGCG were added to human endothelial cells (ISO-HAS), and the adhesion of pro-monocytic U937 cells was examined. The expression of genes associated with HDL effects such as Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKKII), liver kinase B (LKD1), PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1 kinase 1 (PDZK1), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was examined by RT-PCR, and ICAM-1 protein expression was evaluated by western blot (WB). Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was examined with H2DCFDA. 7KC significantly induced adhesion of U937 cells to human endothelial cells while significantly increasing gene expressions of ICAM-1 and MCP-1 and decreasing eNOS and CaMKKII gene expressions. EGCG inhibited 7KC-induced monocytic adhesion to endothelial cells, and induced expression of eNOS and several genes involved in the CaMKKII pathway. Stimulation of endothelial cells with EGCG produced intracellular ROS, whereas treatment with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) blocked EGCG-induced expression of eNOS and CaMKKII. These results suggest that inhibition of monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion by EGCG is associated with CaMKKII pathway activation by ROS. Inhibition of 7KC-induced monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion induced by EGCG may function similarly to HDL. PMID:23567873

Yamagata, Kazuo; Tanaka, Noriko; Suzuki, Koichi

2013-07-01

197

Resveratrol blunts tumor necrosis factor-?-induced monocyte adhesion and transmigration  

PubMed Central

The leukocyte recruitment and transmigration across the endothelial barrier into the vessel wall are crucial steps in atherosclerosis. Leukocyte trafficking on the endothelium is elicited by induction of endothelial adhesion molecules, and its transmigration is mediated by degradation of basement membrane proteins through enzymatic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). The current study investigated whether resveratrol, a polyphenol present in grapes and red wine, was capable of inhibiting leukocyte adhesion to tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?-activated endothelium. It was found that resveratrol inhibited the TNF-?-activated endothelial expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, resveratrol hampered THP-1 monocyte adhesion to activated endothelial cells. This study further examined whether resveratrol interfered with transendothelial migration of leukocytes. The MMP-2 gelatinolytic activity of endothelial cells was enhanced by TNF-?, which was attenuated by an addition of ?25 µM resveratrol. In addition, 25 µM resveratrol mitigated the MMP-9 activity of THP-1 cells, followed by a marked inhibition of transendothelial migration. These results demonstrated that resveratrol suppressed monocyte adhesion and migration induced by TNF-? through modulating expression of adhesion molecules and gelatinolytic activity of MMP. These findings suggest that dietary resveratrol may be therapeutic agent for inhibiting leukocyte recruitment into the subendothelium during inflammatory atherosclerosis. PMID:20368952

Kim, Dong Shoo; Kwon, Hyang-Mi; Choi, Jung-Suk; Kang, Sang-Wook; Ji, Geun-Eog

2007-01-01

198

A standardized bamboo leaf extract inhibits monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells by modulating vascular cell adhesion protein-1  

PubMed Central

Bamboo leaves (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel ex J. Houz (Poacea)) have a long history of food and medical applications in Asia, including Japan and Korea. They have been used as a traditional medicine for centuries. We investigated the mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of a bamboo leaf extract (BLE) on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?)-induced monocyte adhesion in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Exposure of HUVECs to BLE did not inhibit cell viability or cause morphological changes at concentrations ranging from 1 µg/ml to 1 mg/ml. Treatment with 0.1 mg/ml BLE caused 63% inhibition of monocyte adhesion in TNF-?-activated HUVECs, which was associated with 38.4% suppression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression. Furthermore, TNF-?-induced reactive oxygen species generation was decreased to 47.9% in BLE treated TNF-?-activated HUVECs. BLE (0.05 mg/ml) also caused about 50% inhibition of interleukin-6 secretion from lipopolysaccharide-stimulated monocyte. The results indicate that BLE may be clinically useful as an anti-inflammatory or anti-oxidant for human cardiovascular disease including atherosclerosis. PMID:23422838

Choi, Sunga; Park, Myoung Soo; Lee, Yu Ran; Lee, Young Chul; Kim, Tae Woo; Do, Seon-Gil; Kim, Dong Seon

2013-01-01

199

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2014-01-01

200

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2012-01-01

201

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2013-01-01

202

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2011-01-01

203

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2010-01-01

204

JKR adhesion in cylindrical contacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Planar JKR adhesive solutions use the half-plane assumption and do not permit calculation of indenter approach or visualization of adhesive force-displacement curves unless the contact is periodic. By considering a conforming cylindrical contact and using an arc crack analogy, we obtain closed-form indenter approach and load-contact size relations for a planar adhesive problem. The contact pressure distribution is also obtained in closed-form. The solutions reduce to known cases in both the adhesion-free and small-contact solution ( Barquins, 1988) limits. The cylindrical system shows two distinct regimes of adhesive behavior; in particular, contact sizes exceeding the critical (maximum) size seen in adhesionless contacts are possible. The effects of contact confinement on adhesive behavior are investigated. Some special cases are considered, including contact with an initial neat-fit and the detachment of a rubbery cylinder from a rigid cradle. A comparison of the cylindrical solution with the half-plane adhesive solution is carried out, and it indicates that the latter typically underestimates the adherence force. The cylindrical adhesive system is novel in that it possesses stable contact states that may not be attained even on applying an infinite load in the absence of adhesion.

Sundaram, Narayan; Farris, T. N.; Chandrasekar, S.

2012-01-01

205

Polyurethane adhesive ingestion.  

PubMed

Polyurethane adhesives are found in a large number of household products in the United States and are used for a variety of purposes. Several brands of these expanding wood glues (those containing diphenylmethane diisocyanate [MDI]) have the potential to form gastrointestinal (GI) foreign bodies if ingested. The ingested adhesive forms an expanding ball of glue in the esophagus and gastric lumen. This expansion is caused by a polymerization reaction using the heat, water, and gastric acids of the stomach. A firm mass is created that can be 4-8 times its original volume. As little as 2 oz of glue have been reported to develop gastric foreign bodies. The obstructive mass is reported to form within minutes of ingestion of the adhesive. The foreign body can lead to esophageal impaction and obstruction, airway obstruction, gastric outflow obstruction, mucosal hemorrhage, ulceration, laceration, perforation of the esophageal and gastric linings, and death. Clinical signs following ingestion include anorexia, lethargy, vomiting, tachypnea, and abdominal distention and pain, and typically develop within 12 hours. Clinical signs may depend upon the size of the mass. If left untreated, perforation and rupture of the esophagus or stomach can occur. The glue mass does not stick to the GI mucosa and is not always detectable on abdominal palpation. Radiographs are recommended to confirm the presence of the "glue-ball" foreign body, and radiographic evidence of the obstruction may be seen as early as 4-6 hours following ingestion. Emesis is contraindicated owing to the risk of aspiration of the glue into the respiratory tree or the subsequent lodging of the expanding glue mass in the esophagus. Likewise, efforts to dilute the glue and prevent the formation of the foreign body through administration of liquids, activated charcoal, or bulk-forming products to push the foreign body through the GI tract have proven ineffective. Even endoscopy performed to remove the foreign body has been shown to be unreliable. The safest, most effective, and successful therapy is surgical intervention to remove the GI foreign body. If performed early enough, complete recovery of the animal can be expected. Differential diagnoses for polyurethane adhesive ingestion include any potential cause of GI obstruction. The public is largely unaware of the hazards that ingestion of this product may produce. Public education efforts are needed to inform pet owners about the hazards of these glues and the overall importance of providing our companion animals with safe, poison-free environments. PMID:23796486

Fitzgerald, Kevin T; Bronstein, Alvin C

2013-02-01

206

Biomarkers and neurodevelopment in perinatally HIV-infected or exposed youth: a structural equation model analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the relationship between markers of vascular dysfunction and neurodevelopmental outcomes in perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) and perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHEU) youth. Design Cross-sectional design within a prospective, 15-site US-based cohort study. Methods Neurodevelopmental outcomes were evaluated in relation to nine selected vascular biomarkers in 342 youth (212 PHIV+, 130 PHEU). Serum levels were assessed for adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), E-selectin (sE-selectin), monocyte chemoattractant protein (sMCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and P-selectin (sP-selectin). The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) was administered at entry, yielding a Full-Scale IQ score, and four index scores. Factor analysis was conducted to reduce the biomarkers to fewer factors with related biological roles. Structural equation models (SEMs) were used to measure associations between resulting factors and WISC-IV scores. Results Mean participant age was 11.4 years, 54% were female, 70% black. The nine biomarkers were clustered into three factor groups: F1 (fibrinogen, CRP, and IL-6); F2 (sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1); and F3 (MCP-1, sP-selectin, and sE-selectin). Adiponectin showed little correlation with any factor. SEMs revealed significant negative association of F1 with WISC-IV processing speed score in the total cohort. This effect remained significant after adjusting for HIV status and other potential confounders. A similar association was observed when restricted to PHIV+ participants in both unadjusted and adjusted SEMs. Conclusion Aggregate measures of fibrinogen, CRP, and IL-6 may serve as a latent biomarker associated with relatively decreased processing speed in both PHIV+ and PHEU youth. PMID:24670521

Kapetanovic, Suad; Griner, Ray; Zeldow, Bret; Nichols, Sharon; Leister, Erin; Gelbard, Harris A.; Miller, Tracie L.; Hazra, Rohan; Mendez, Armando J.; Malee, Kathleen; Kammerer, Betsy; Williams, Paige L.

2014-01-01

207

Evaluation of cardiovascular biomarkers In HIV-infected patients switching to abacavir or tenofovir based therapy  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Our objective was to evaluate and compare the effect of abacavir on levels of biomarkers associated with cardiovascular risk. Methods In an open-label randomized trial, HIV-infected patients were randomized 1:1 to switch from zidovudine/lamivudine to abacavir/lamivudine or tenofovir/emtricitabine. In the present analysis, we measured levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), E-selectin, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) at baseline and 4, 12, and 48 weeks after randomization. D-dimer and fasting lipids were measured at baseline and weeks 12 and 48. Levels of biomarkers at all time points and changes from baseline were compared across study arms using Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results Of 40 included patients, 35 completed 48 weeks of randomized therapy and follow up. Levels of E-selectin (P = 0.004) and sVCAM-1 (P = 0.041) increased transiently from baseline to week 4 in the abacavir arm compared with the tenofovir arm, but no long-term increases were detected. We found no significant differences between study arms in the levels or changes in the levels of sICAM-1, MPO, d-dimer, IL-6, or hs-CRP. Levels of total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL) increased in the abacavir arm relative to the tenofovir arm, but no difference was found in total cholesterol/HDL ratio. Conclusion In patients randomized to abacavir-based HIV-treatment transient increases were seen in the plasma levels of E-selectin and sVCAM-1 compared with treatment with tenofovir, but no difference between study arms was found in other biomarkers associated with endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, or coagulation. The clinical significance of these findings is uncertain. Trial Regestration Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00647244. PMID:21970555

2011-01-01

208

Multiple Inflammatory Biomarker Detection in a Prospective Cohort Study: A Cross-Validation between Well-Established Single-Biomarker Techniques and an Electrochemiluminescense-Based Multi-Array Platform  

PubMed Central

Background In terms of time, effort and quality, multiplex technology is an attractive alternative for well-established single-biomarker measurements in clinical studies. However, limited data comparing these methods are available. Methods We measured, in a large ongoing cohort study (n?=?574), by means of both a 4-plex multi-array biomarker assay developed by MesoScaleDiscovery (MSD) and single-biomarker techniques (ELISA or immunoturbidimetric assay), the following biomarkers of low-grade inflammation: C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1). These measures were realigned by weighted Deming regression and compared across a wide spectrum of subjects’ cardiovascular risk factors by ANOVA. Results Despite that both methods ranked individuals’ levels of biomarkers very similarly (Pearson’s r all?0.755) absolute concentrations of all biomarkers differed significantly between methods. Equations retrieved by the Deming regression enabled proper realignment of the data to overcome these differences, such that intra-class correlation coefficients were then 0.996 (CRP), 0.711 (SAA), 0.895 (sICAM-1) and 0.858 (sVCAM-1). Additionally, individual biomarkers differed across categories of glucose metabolism, weight, metabolic syndrome and smoking status to a similar extent by either method. Conclusions Multiple low-grade inflammatory biomarker data obtained by the 4-plex multi-array platform of MSD or by well-established single-biomarker methods are comparable after proper realignment of differences in absolute concentrations, and are equally associated with cardiovascular risk factors, regardless of such differences. Given its greater efficiency, the MSD platform is a potential tool for the quantification of multiple biomarkers of low-grade inflammation in large ongoing and future clinical studies. PMID:23472208

van Bussel, Bas C. T.; Ferreira, Isabel; van de Waarenburg, Marjo P. H.; van Greevenbroek, Marleen M. J.; van der Kallen, Carla J. H.; Henry, Ronald M. A.; Feskens, Edith J. M.; Stehouwer, Coen D. A.; Schalkwijk, Casper G.

2013-01-01

209

3D Integration Using Adhesive, Metal, and Metal/Adhesive as Wafer Bonding Interfaces.  

E-print Network

3D Integration Using Adhesive, Metal, and Metal/Adhesive as Wafer Bonding Interfaces. Journal: 2008 Integration Using Adhesive, Metal, and Metal/Adhesive as Wafer Bonding Interfaces Jian-Qiang Lu1 , J. Jay Mc approaches to 3D integration using adhesive, metal, and metal/adhesive as the bonding interfaces

Salama, Khaled

210

Adhesion of Activated Platelets to Endothelial Cells: Evidence for a GPIIbIIIa-dependent Bridging Mechanism and Novel Roles for Endothelial Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1), a v b 3 Integrin, and GPIb a  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Although it has been reported that activated platelets can adhere to intact endothelium, the re- ceptors involved have not been fully characterized. Also, it is not clear whether activated plate- lets bind primarily to matrix proteins at sites of endothelial cell denudation or directly to endo- thelial cells. Thus, this study was designed to further clarify the mechanisms of

Thomas Bombeli; Barbara R. Schwartz; John M. Harlan

211

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Drape adhesive. 878.4380 Section 878.4380 Food... Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a device intended to be placed on...

2014-04-01

212

Cyclic Fatigue Behaviour of Adhesive Joints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current programme has focussed on the adhesive bonding ot fibre-composites, based upon thermoplastic polymeric matrices, and the adhesive bonding of aluminium alloys. In both cases a structural epoxy-film adhesive has been employed. The thermoplastic-...

M. Fernando, A. J. Kinloch

1995-01-01

213

Adhesive secretions in the platyhelminthes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is the first to draw together knowledge about bioadhesives secreted by a group of parasites. Mechanisms of mechanical attachment are well known among parasites, but some can also attach to host surfaces by chemical means using a thin layer of adhesive material secreted at the parasite-host interface. Attachment by adhesives to living surfaces has not been studied in

Ian D. Whittington; Bronwen W. Cribb

2001-01-01

214

Polyphosphoprotein-Containing Marine Adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Protein phosphorylation is an important regulator of both cellular and extracellular events. Recently, protein phosphorylation has also emerged as an important process in biological adhesives. During the last decade, Herbert Waite and his group have indeed characterized several polyphosphoproteins from the adhesive secretions of two different marine organisms, mussels and tube-building worms. This suggests the possibility that polyphosphoproteins could be

Patrick Flammang; Aurélie Lambert; Philippe Bailly; Elise Hennebert

2009-01-01

215

Differential adhesion in model systems.  

PubMed

During embryonic development, cells or groups of cells migrate from their locations of origin to assume their correct anatomical positions. Intercellular adhesion plays an active and instructive role in orchestrating this process. Precisely how adhesion provides spatial positioning information is a subject of intense interest. In the 1960s, Steinberg proposed the differential adhesion hypothesis (DAH) to explain how differences in the intensity of cell adhesion could give rise to predictable spatial interactions between different cell types. The DAH is grounded in the same set of physical principles governing the interaction of immiscible fluids and thus provides a rigorous conceptual framework connecting the chemistry of cell adhesion to the physics underlying cell and tissue segregation. Testing the DAH required the development of methods to measure intercellular cohesion and of assays to accurately assess relative spatial position between cells. The DAH has been experimentally verified and computationally simulated. Moreover, evidence concerning the role of differential adhesion in a number of morphodynamic events is accumulating. It is clear that differential adhesion is a major driving force in various aspects of embryonic development, but recent studies have also advanced the concept that other factors, such as cortical tension and elasticity, may also be involved in fine tuning, or even driving the process. It is likely that an interplay between adhesion and these other factors co-operate to generate the forces required for tissue self-organization. PMID:24014451

Foty, Ramsey A; Steinberg, Malcolm S

2013-01-01

216

Integrins can directly mediate metastatic tumor cell adhesion within the liver sinusoids.  

PubMed

Tumor cells can show different malignant properties regarding their ability for organ-specific metastasis formation. Their adhesive and invasive characteristics mediated by various cell adhesion molecules appear to be crucial for this process. Using intravital fluorescence microscopy, we analyzed the adhesive and invasive interactions of circulating human colon carcinoma cells within the microvasculature of the liver in rats. The involvement of different cell adhesion molecules in specific tumor cell-host organ interactions was investigated. Single-cell suspensions of human colon carcinoma with low (HT-29P) and high (HT-29LMM) metastatic potential were fluorescence labeled with calcein-AM and intra-arterially injected into Sprague-Dawley rats. Initial interactions between different cell lines and the microvasculature of the liver were observed over 30 minutes and semiquantitatively analyzed. Different integrin subunits, carbohydrate ligands, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were inhibited using function-blocking antibodies or by enzymatic removal. Inhibition of sialyl-Lewis(a) (sLe(a)) or enzymatic removal of selectin carbohydrate ligands significantly reduced metastatic cell adhesion. In addition, alpha6-, beta1-, and beta4-integrins can directly mediate cell adhesion within the hepatic microcirculation. Furthermore, alpha2-, alpha6-, beta1-, and beta4-integrins are involved in early tumor cell extravasation into the liver parenchyma. Organ-specific formation of colorectal metastases appears to be mainly mediated by specific interactions between circulating carcinoma cells and the vessel wall of target organs but not mechanical entrapment. Selectin-sLe(a) interactions with sinusoidal endothelial cells can play a key role in organ-specific targeting, but direct integrin-mediated cell adhesion to extracellular matrix components in the space of Disse appears to be required for the successful formation of liver metastases. PMID:15585393

Enns, Andreas; Gassmann, Peter; Schlüter, Kerstin; Korb, Timo; Spiegel, Hans-Ullrich; Senninger, Norbert; Haier, Jörg

2004-12-01

217

Corrugated pipe adhesive applicator apparatus  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for coating selected portions of the troughs of a corrugated pipe within an adhesive includes a support disposed within the pipe with a reservoir containing the adhesive disposed on the support. A pump, including a spout, is utilized for supplying the adhesive from the reservoir to a trough of the pipe. A rotatable applicator is supported on the support and contacts the trough of the pipe. The applicator itself is sized so as to fit within the trough, and contacts the adhesive in the trough and spreads the adhesive in the trough upon rotation. A trough shield, supported by the support and disposed in the path of rotation of the applicator, is utilized to prevent the applicator from contacting selected portions of the trough. A locator head is also disposed on the support and provides a way for aligning the spout, the applicator, and the trough shield with the trough.

Shirey, Ray A. (North Grafton, MA)

1983-06-14

218

Hyaluronan-mediated cellular adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many cells surround themselves with a cushioning halo of polysaccharides that is further strengthened and organized by proteins. In fibroblasts and chrondrocytes, the primary component of this pericellular matrix is hyaluronan, a large linear polyanion. Hyaluronan production is linked to a variety of disease, developmental, and physiological processes. Cells manipulate the concentration of hyaluronan and hyaluronan receptors for numerous activities including modulation of cell adhesion, cell motility, and differentiation. Recent investigations by identify hyaluronan's role in mediating early-stage cell adhesion. An open question is how the cell removes the 0.5-10 micron thick pericellular matrix to allow for further mature adhesion events requiring nanometer scale separations. In this investigation, holographic optical tweezers are used to study the adhesion and viscoelastic properties of chondrocytes' pericellular matrix. Ultimately, we aim to shed further light on the spatial and temporal details of the dramatic transition from micron to nanometer gaps between the cell and its adhesive substrate.

Curtis, Jennifer

2005-03-01

219

Chlorophyll-Related Compounds Inhibit Cell Adhesion and Inflammation in Human Aortic Cells  

PubMed Central

Abstract The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of chlorophyll-related compounds (CRCs) and chlorophyll (Chl) a+b on inflammation in human aortic endothelial cells. Adhesion molecule expression and interleukin (IL)-8, nuclear factor (NF)-?B p65 protein, and NF-?B and activator protein (AP)-1 DNA binding were assessed. The effects of CRCs on inflammatory signaling pathways of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) and mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4, respectively induced by IL-6 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-?, in human aortic smooth muscle cells cultured in vitro were also investigated. HAECs were pretreated with 10 ?M of CRCs, Chl a+b, and aspirin (Asp) for 18?h followed by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-? (2?ng/mL) for 6?h, and U937 cell adhesion was determined. TNF-?–induced monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion was significantly inhibited by CRCs. Moreover, CRCs and Chl a+b significantly attenuated vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and IL-8 expressions. Treatments also significantly decreased in NF-?B expression, DNA binding, and AP-1 DNA binding by CRCs and Asp. Thus, CRCs exert anti-inflammatory effects through modulation of NF-?B and AP-1 signaling. Ten micromoles of CRCs and Asp upregulated the expression of mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4 (Drosophila) (SMAD4) in the TGF-? receptor signaling pathway, and SMAD3/4 transcription activity was also increased. Ten micromoles of CRCs were able to potently inhibit STAT3-binding activity by repressing IL-6–induced STAT3 expression. Our results provide a potential mechanism that explains the anti-inflammatory activities of these CRCs. PMID:24066944

Lin, Kuan-Hung; Hsu, Ching-Yun; Huang, Ya-Ping; Lai, Jun-You; Hsieh, Wen-Bin; Huang, Meng-Yuan

2013-01-01

220

Vaspin inhibits cytokine-induced nuclear factor-kappa B activation and adhesion molecule expression via AMP-activated protein kinase activation in vascular endothelial cells  

PubMed Central

Background Vaspin is an adipocytokine that was recently identified in the visceral adipose tissue of diabetic rats and has anti-diabetic and anti-atherogenic effects. We hypothesized that vaspin prevents inflammatory cytokine-induced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-?B) activation by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in vascular endothelial cells. Methods We examined the effects of vaspin on NF-?B activation and the expression of the NF-?B-mediated genes intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), E-selectin, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECS) were used. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF?) was used as a representative proinflammatory cytokine. Results Treatment with vaspin significantly increased the phosphorylation of AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase, the down-stream target of AMPK. Furthermore, treatment with vaspin significantly decreased TNF?-induced activation of NF-?B, as well as the expression of the adhesion molecules ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, and MCP-1. These effects were abolished following transfection of AMPK?1-specific small interfering RNA. In an adhesion assay using THP-1 cells, vaspin reduced TNF?-induced adhesion of monocytes to HAECS in an AMPK-dependent manner. Conclusions Vaspin might attenuate the cytokine-induced expression of adhesion molecule genes by inhibiting NF-?B following AMPK activation. PMID:24517399

2014-01-01

221

Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-{alpha}-induced expression of adhesion molecules in human endothelial cells by the saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum  

SciTech Connect

Adhesion molecules play an important role in the development of atherogenesis and are produced by endothelial cells after being stimulated with various inflammatory cytokines. This study examined the effect of saponins that were isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC (Campanulaceae), Changkil saponins (CKS), on the cytokine-induced monocyte/human endothelial cell interaction, which is a crucial early event in atherogenesis. CKS significantly inhibited the TNF{alpha}-induced increase in monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells as well as decreased the protein and mRNA expression levels of vascular adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 on endothelial cells. Furthermore, CKS significantly inhibited the TNF{alpha}-induced production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of NF-{kappa}B by preventing I{kappa}B degradation and inhibiting I{kappa}B kinase activity. Overall, CKS has anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory activity, which is least in part the result of it reducing the cytokine-induced endothelial adhesion to monocytes by inhibiting intracellular ROS production, NF-{kappa}B activation, and cell adhesion molecule expression in endothelial cells.

Kim, Ji Young [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong Hee [Department of Pathology, College of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyung Gyun [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Song, Gyu-Yong [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Young Chul [Division of Food Science, Chinju International University, Chinju (Korea, Republic of); Roh, Seong Hwan [Jangsaeng Doraji Research Institute of Biotechnology, Jangsaeng Doraji Co., Ltd., Chinju (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Hye Gwang [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: hgjeong@chosun.ac.kr

2006-01-15

222

Regulation of T-lymphocyte motility, adhesion and de-adhesion by a cell surface mechanism directed by low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 and endogenous thrombospondin-1.  

PubMed

T lymphocytes are highly motile and constantly reposition themselves between a free-floating vascular state, transient adhesion and migration in tissues. The regulation behind this unique dynamic behaviour remains unclear. Here we show that T cells have a cell surface mechanism for integrated regulation of motility and adhesion and that integrin ligands and CXCL12/SDF-1 influence motility and adhesion through this mechanism. Targeting cell surface-expressed low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) with an antibody, or blocking transport of LRP1 to the cell surface, perturbed the cell surface distribution of endogenous thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) while inhibiting motility and potentiating cytoplasmic spreading on intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and fibronectin. Integrin ligands and CXCL12 stimulated motility and enhanced cell surface expression of LRP1, intact TSP-1 and a 130,000 MW TSP-1 fragment while preventing formation of a de-adhesion-coupled 110 000 MW TSP-1 fragment. The appearance of the 130 000 MW TSP-1 fragment was inhibited by the antibody that targeted LRP1 expression, inhibited motility and enhanced spreading. The TSP-1 binding site in the LRP1-associated protein, calreticulin, stimulated adhesion to ICAM-1 through intact TSP-1 and CD47. Shear flow enhanced cell surface expression of intact TSP-1. Hence, chemokines and integrin ligands up-regulate a dominant motogenic pathway through LRP1 and TSP-1 cleavage and activate an associated adhesion pathway through the LRP1-calreticulin complex, intact TSP-1 and CD47. This regulation of T-cell motility and adhesion makes pro-adhesive stimuli favour motile responses, which may explain why T cells prioritize movement before permanent adhesion. PMID:24877199

Talme, Toomas; Bergdahl, Eva; Sundqvist, Karl-Gösta

2014-06-01

223

Structural specializations of ?4?7, an integrin that mediates rolling adhesion  

PubMed Central

The lymphocyte homing receptor integrin ?4?7 is unusual for its ability to mediate both rolling and firm adhesion. ?4?1 and ?4?7 are targeted by therapeutics approved for multiple sclerosis and Crohn’s disease. Here, we show by electron microscopy and crystallography how two therapeutic Fabs, a small molecule (RO0505376), and mucosal adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) bind ?4?7. A long binding groove at the ?4–?7 interface for immunoglobulin superfamily domains differs in shape from integrin pockets that bind Arg-Gly-Asp motifs. RO0505376 mimics an Ile/Leu-Asp motif in ?4 ligands, and orients differently from Arg-Gly-Asp mimics. A novel auxiliary residue at the metal ion–dependent adhesion site in ?4?7 is essential for binding to MAdCAM-1 in Mg2+ yet swings away when RO0505376 binds. A novel intermediate conformation of the ?4?7 headpiece binds MAdCAM-1 and supports rolling adhesion. Lack of induction of the open headpiece conformation by ligand binding enables rolling adhesion to persist until integrin activation is signaled. PMID:22232704

Yu, Yamei; Zhu, Jianghai; Mi, Li-Zhi; Walz, Thomas; Sun, Hao; Chen, JianFeng

2012-01-01

224

Wet adhesion and adhesive locomotion of snails on anti-adhesive non-wetting surfaces.  

PubMed

Creating surfaces capable of resisting liquid-mediated adhesion is extremely difficult due to the strong capillary forces that exist between surfaces. Land snails use this to adhere to and traverse across almost any type of solid surface of any orientation (horizontal, vertical or inverted), texture (smooth, rough or granular) or wetting property (hydrophilic or hydrophobic) via a layer of mucus. However, the wetting properties that enable snails to generate strong temporary attachment and the effectiveness of this adhesive locomotion on modern super-slippy superhydrophobic surfaces are unclear. Here we report that snail adhesion overcomes a wide range of these microscale and nanoscale topographically structured non-stick surfaces. For the one surface which we found to be snail resistant, we show that the effect is correlated with the wetting response of the surface to a weak surfactant. Our results elucidate some critical wetting factors for the design of anti-adhesive and bio-adhesion resistant surfaces. PMID:22693563

Shirtcliffe, Neil J; McHale, Glen; Newton, Michael I

2012-01-01

225

Interfacial adhesion of carbon fibers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Relative adhesion strengths between AS4, AS1, and XAS carbon fibers and thermoplastic polymers were determined using the embedded single filament test. Polymers studied included polycarbonate, polyphenylene oxide, polyetherimide, polysulfone, polyphenylene oxide blends with polystyrene, and polycarbonate blends with a polycarbonate polysiloxane block copolymer. Fiber surface treatments and sizings improved adhesion somewhat, but adhesion remained well below levels obtained with epoxy matrices. An explanation for the differences between the Hercules and Grafil fibers was sought using X ray photon spectroscopy, wetting, scanning electron microscopy and thermal desorption analysis.

Bascom, Willard D.

1987-01-01

226

Photovoltaic module with adhesion promoter  

DOEpatents

Photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters and methods for fabricating photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters are described. A photovoltaic module includes a solar cell including a first surface and a second surface, the second surface including a plurality of interspaced back-side contacts. A first glass layer is coupled to the first surface by a first encapsulating layer. A second glass layer is coupled to the second surface by a second encapsulating layer. At least a portion of the second encapsulating layer is bonded directly to the plurality of interspaced back-side contacts by an adhesion promoter.

2013-10-08

227

Electrostatic interaction influences cell adhesion?  

PubMed

The effect of electrostatic forces on the adhesion of LEP-19 diploid embryonal fibroblasts, Hep-2 laryngeal carcinoma cells, Raji lymphoblastoma cells and Sp 2/0 myeloma cells was examined in vitro. Adhesivity of all tested cell lines was higher on the cationized glass than on untreated or anionized glass. The negatively charged sialic acids on the cell surface play a role in cell adhesion. The participation of electrostatic interaction is independent of the energy metabolism in serum-free conditions. PMID:1477334

Smetana, K; Vytásek, R; Stol, M

1992-12-01

228

Wear mechanism based on adhesion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various concepts concerning wear mechanisms and deformation behavior observed in the sliding wear track are surveyed. The mechanisms for wear fragment formation is discussed on the basis of adhesion. The wear process under unlubricated sliding conditions is explained in relation to the concept of adhesion at the interface during the sliding process. The mechanism for tearing away the surface layer from the contact area and forming the sliding track contour is explained by assuming the simplified process of material removal based on the adhesion theory.

Yamamoto, T.; Buckley, D. H.

1982-01-01

229

Constitutive and cytokine-induced expression of human leukocyte antigens and cell adhesion molecules by human myotubes.  

PubMed Central

Understanding the immunobiology of muscle is relevant to muscular autoimmune diseases and to gene therapies based on myoblast transfer. We have investigated the constitutive and cytokine-induced intra- and extracellular expression of histocompatibility human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and cell adhesion molecules by multinucleated human myotubes using immunofluorescence microscopy. Myotubes constitutively expressed HLA class I but not HLA class II. Exposure to interferon-gamma, but not tumor necrosis factor-alpha, induced HLA-DR in the cytoplasm and on the surface membrane of approximately 40 to 95% of cultured myotubes. Surface expression was strongest in perinuclear membrane areas, and cytoplasmic expression was strongest at branching points and at the tips of myotubes. HLA-DP and HLA-DQ were not expressed in detectable amounts. Both interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha induced the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (CD54) in the cytoplasm and on the surface of nearly all myotubes. The distribution of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and HLA-DR was similar but not identical in double-positive myotubes. The leukocyte function-associated (LFA) adhesion molecules LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18), LFA-2 (CD2), and LFA-3 (CD58) could not be detected in the cytoplasm or on the surface. Our results indicate that cytokine-induced myotubes can participate in immune interactions with T lymphocytes. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:8214008

Michaelis, D.; Goebels, N.; Hohlfeld, R.

1993-01-01

230

Failure Modes in Adhesively Bonded Carton Boards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carton board packages are often adhesively bonded. The adhesive joint may fail due to cohesive fracture in the adhesive, interfacial fracture between the adhesive and one of the carton board surfaces, or cohesive fracture in the carton board. The failure may also be a combination of these failure modes. From previous studies, it is well known that the failure mechanism

Christer Korin; Nils Hallbäck; Robert Junghans

2008-01-01

231

Viscoelastic Analysis of an Adhesive Tubular Joint  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigations so far available with regard to stress analysis of adhesive joints assume that the adhesive is elastic. In the present analysis the time dependent properties of the adhesive are taken into account by assuming that the adhesive is viscoelastic. The viscoelastic analysis of a tubular joint has been attempted using a prony series fitting for the relaxation modulus

R. S. Alwar; Y. R. Nagaraja

1976-01-01

232

APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWSFOCUSED REVIEW Adhesive wafer bonding  

E-print Network

APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWS­FOCUSED REVIEW Adhesive wafer bonding F. Niklausa Microsystem Technology 9 February 2006 Wafer bonding with intermediate polymer adhesives is an important fabrication-dimensional integrated circuits, advanced packaging, and microfluidics. In adhesive wafer bonding, the polymer adhesive

Salama, Khaled

233

Seafood delicacy makes great adhesive  

SciTech Connect

Technology from Mother Nature is often hard to beat, so Idaho National Laboratory scientistsgenetically analyzed the adhesive proteins produced by blue mussels, a seafood delicacy. Afterobtaining full-length DNA sequences encoding these proteins, reprod

Idaho National Laboratory - Frank Roberto, Heather Silverman

2008-03-26

234

A new vibration dampening adhesive  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Formulation of polymers has been devised that, when vibrated, adhesive becomes more fluid (thixotropic) to better absorb shock and, when warmed, will actually hold its shape better (thermosetting) rather than deform.

Yoshino, S. Y.

1972-01-01

235

Seafood delicacy makes great adhesive  

ScienceCinema

Technology from Mother Nature is often hard to beat, so Idaho National Laboratory scientistsgenetically analyzed the adhesive proteins produced by blue mussels, a seafood delicacy. Afterobtaining full-length DNA sequences encoding these proteins, reprod

Idaho National Laboratory - Frank Roberto, Heather Silverman

2010-01-08

236

The association between urinary kidney injury molecule 1 and urinary cadmium in elderly during long-term, low-dose cadmium exposure: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background Urinary kidney injury molecule 1 is a recently discovered early biomarker for renal damage that has been proven to be correlated to urinary cadmium in rats. However, so far the association between urinary cadmium and kidney injury molecule 1 in humans after long-term, low-dose cadmium exposure has not been studied. Methods We collected urine and blood samples from 153 non-smoking men and women aged 60+, living in an area with moderate cadmium pollution from a non-ferrous metal plant for a significant period. Urinary cadmium and urinary kidney injury molecule 1 as well as other renal biomarkers (alpha1-microglobulin, beta2-microglobulin, blood urea nitrogen, urinary proteins and microalbumin) were assessed. Results Both before (r = 0.20; p = 0.01) and after (partial r = 0.32; p < 0.0001) adjustment for creatinine, age, sex, past smoking, socio-economic status and body mass index, urinary kidney injury molecule 1 correlated with urinary cadmium concentrations. No significant association was found between the other studied renal biomarkers and urinary cadmium. Conclusions We showed that urinary kidney injury molecule 1 levels are positively correlated with urinary cadmium concentration in an elderly population after long-term, low-dose exposure to cadmium, while other classical markers do not show an association. Therefore, urinary kidney injury molecule 1 might be considered as a biomarker for early-stage metal-induced kidney injury by cadmium. PMID:21888673

2011-01-01

237

Adhesive interactions between vesicles in the strong adhesion limit  

PubMed Central

We consider the adhesive interaction energy between a pair of vesicles in the strong adhesion limit, in which bending forces play a negligible role in determining vesicle shape compared to forces due to membrane stretching. Although force-distance or energy distance relationships characterizing adhesive interactions between fluid bilayers are routinely measured using the surface forces apparatus, the atomic force microscope and the biomembrane force probe, the interacting bilayers in these methods are supported on surfaces (e.g. mica sheet) and cannot be deformed. However, it is known that in a suspension, vesicles composed of the same bilayer can deform by stretching or bending, and can also undergo changes in volume. Adhesively interacting vesicles can thus form flat regions in the contact zone, which will result in an enhanced interaction energy as compared to rigid vesicles. The focus of this paper is to examine the magnitude of the interaction energy between adhesively interacting, deformed vesicles relative to free, undeformed vesicles as a function of the intervesicle separation. The modification of the intervesicle interaction energy due to vesicle deformability can be calculated knowing the undeformed radius of the vesicles, R0, the bending modulus kb, the area expansion modulus Ka, and the adhesive minimum WP(0) and separation DP(0) in the energy of interaction between two flat bilayers, which can be obtained from the force-distance measurements made using the above supported-bilayer methods. For vesicles with constant volumes, we show that adhesive potentials between non-deforming bilayers such as ?WP(0)??5×10?4mJ/m2, which are ordinarily considered weak in colloidal physics literature, can result in significantly deep (>10×) energy minima due to increase in vesicle area and flattening in the contact region. If the osmotic expulsion of water across the vesicles driven by the tense, stretched membrane in the presence of an osmotically active solute is also taken into account, the vesicles can undergo additional deformation (flattening), which further enhances the adhesive interaction between them. Finally, equilibration of ions and solutes due to the concentration differences created by the osmotic exchange of water can lead to further enhancement of the adhesion energy. Our result of the progressively increasing adhesive interaction energy between vesicles in above regimes could explain why suspensions of very weakly attractive vesicles may undergo flocculation and eventual instability due to separation of vesicles from the suspending fluid by gravity. The possibility of such an instability is an extremely important issue for concentrated vesicle-based products and applications such as fabric softeners, hair therapeutics and drug delivery. PMID:21128653

Ramachandran, Arun; Anderson, Travers H.; Leal, L. Gary; Israelachvili, Jacob N.

2010-01-01

238

MORPHEUS' MOLECULE1 Is Required to Prevent Aberrant RNA Transcriptional Read-Through in Arabidopsis1[C][W][OA  

PubMed Central

Several pathways function to remove aberrant mRNA in eukaryotic cells; however, the exact mechanisms underlying the restriction of aberrant mRNA transcription are poorly understood. In this study, we found that MORPHEUS’ MOLECULE1 (MOM1) is a key component of this regulatory machinery. The Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mom1-44 mutation was identified by luciferase imaging in transgenic plants harboring a cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter-LUCIFERASE transgene lacking the 3?-untranslated region. In the mom1-44 mutant, transcriptional read-though occurred in genes with an aberrant RNA structure. Analysis of an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase2 mom1 double mutant revealed that the RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway is not involved in this regulatory process. Moreover, the prevention of aberrant mRNA transcriptional read-through by MOM1 is gene locus and transgene copy number independent. PMID:20826701

Zhou, Yue; Zhang, Jun; Lin, Huixin; Guo, Guangqin; Guo, Yan

2010-01-01

239

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging suggests that stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) binds to Orai1 with sixfold symmetry.  

PubMed

Depletion of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen triggers the opening of Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels at the plasma membrane. CRAC channels are activated by stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), an ER resident protein that senses Ca(2+) store depletion and interacts with Orai1, the pore-forming subunit of the channel. The subunit stoichiometry of the CRAC channel is controversial. Here we provide evidence, using atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging, that Orai1 assembles as a hexamer, and that STIM1 binds to Orai1 with sixfold symmetry. STIM1 associates with Orai1 in the form of monomers, dimers, and multimeric string-like structures that form links between the Orai1 hexamers. Our results provide new insights into the nature of the interactions between STIM1 and Orai1. PMID:24996186

Balasuriya, Dilshan; Srivats, Shyam; Murrell-Lagnado, Ruth D; Edwardson, J Michael

2014-08-25

240

The effect of adhesion promoter on the adhesion of PDMS to different substrate materials.  

PubMed

The effect of the adhesion promoter GE SS4120 on the adhesion strength of PDMS to different substrates was tested. The adhesion to silicon, glass and aluminium was significantly increased, while adhesion of PDMS to Teflon remained poor, and the adhesion strength of PDMS to PDMS decreased. PMID:19294314

Kersey, Lance; Ebacher, Vincent; Bazargan, Vahid; Wang, Rizhi; Stoeber, Boris

2009-04-01

241

Investigation of organic adhesives for hybrid microcircuits  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The properties of organic adhesives were investigated to acquire information for a guideline document regarding the selection of adhesives for use in high reliability hybrid microcircuits. Specifically, investigations were made of (1) alternate methods for determining the outgassing of cured adhesives, (2) effects of long term aging at 150 C on the electrical properties of conductive adhesives, (3) effects of shelf life age on adhesive characteristics, (4) bond strengths of electrically conductive adhesives on thick film gold metallization, (5) a copper filled adhesive, (6) effects of products outgassed from cured adhesives on device electrical parameters, (7) metal migration from electrically conductive adhesives, and (8) ionic content of electrically insulative adhesives. The tests performed during these investigations are described, and the results obtained are discussed.

Perkins, K. L.; Licari, J. J.

1975-01-01

242

Lymphocyte Adhesion to Candida albicans  

PubMed Central

Adherence of lymphocytes to the fungus is the first step in the direct lymphocyte-mediated antifungal effect against Candida albicans. In this study we identified macrophage-1 antigen (Mac-1) (CD11b/CD18, ?M/?2) as the lymphocyte surface structure responsible for the adhesion of activated lymphocytes to the hyphal form of the fungus. Antibodies specific for epitopes of the ?-subunit (CD11b) and the ?2-subunit (CD18) of Mac-1 were shown to completely eliminate lymphocyte adhesion to C. albicans hyphae. Lymphocyte adhesion to C. albicans was also inhibited significantly by known ligands of Mac-1, including the extracellular matrix proteins laminin and fibrinogen, as well as engineered peptides containing arginine-glycine-aspartic acid sequences and the disintegrin echistatin. N-Acetyl-d-glucosamine and ?-glucan, which inhibit Mac-1-mediated adhesion to the yeast, blocked lymphocyte adhesion to hyphae. NIH 3T3 fibroblast transfectants expressing human CD11b/CD18 bound to C. albicans, and their binding was inhibited by antibodies specific for CD11b/CD18. Finally, antibodies specific for CD11b/CD18 effectively inhibited the capacity of activated lymphocytes to have an antifungal effect against hyphae. Our results clearly identify Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) as the lymphocyte surface structure that mediates activated lymphocyte adhesion to C. albicans and the resultant antifungal effect of the lymphocytes. PMID:11796578

Forsyth, Christopher B.; Mathews, Herbert L.

2002-01-01

243

The Synaptic Cell Adhesion Molecule, SynCAM1, Mediates Astrocyte-to-Astrocyte and Astrocyte-to-GnRH Neuron Adhesiveness in the Mouse Hypothalamus  

PubMed Central

We previously identified synaptic cell adhesion molecule 1 (SynCAM1) as a component of a genetic network involved in the hypothalamic control of female puberty. Although it is well established that SynCAM1 is a synaptic adhesion molecule, its contribution to hypothalamic function is unknown. Here we show that, in addition to the expected neuronal localization illustrated by its presence in GnRH neurons, SynCAM1 is expressed in hypothalamic astrocytes. Cell adhesion assays indicated that SynCAM is recognized by both GnRH neurons and astrocytes as an adhesive partner and promotes cell-cell adhesiveness via homophilic, extracellular domain-mediated interactions. Alternative splicing of the SynCAM1 primary mRNA transcript yields four mRNAs encoding membrane-spanning SynCAM1 isoforms. Variants 1 and 4 are predicted to be both N and O glycosylated. Hypothalamic astrocytes and GnRH-producing GT1-7 cells express mainly isoform 4 mRNA, and sequential N- and O-deglycosylation of proteins extracted from these cells yields progressively smaller SynCAM1 species, indicating that isoform 4 is the predominant SynCAM1 variant expressed in astrocytes and GT1-7 cells. Neither cell type expresses the products of two other SynCAM genes (SynCAM2 and SynCAM3), suggesting that SynCAM-mediated astrocyte-astrocyte and astrocyte-GnRH neuron adhesiveness is mostly mediated by SynCAM1 homophilic interactions. When erbB4 receptor function is disrupted in astrocytes, via transgenic expression of a dominant-negative erbB4 receptor form, SynCAM1-mediated adhesiveness is severely compromised. Conversely, SynCAM1 adhesive behavior is rapidly, but transiently, enhanced in astrocytes by ligand-dependent activation of erbB4 receptors, suggesting that erbB4-mediated events affecting SynCAM1 function contribute to regulate astrocyte adhesive communication. PMID:21486931

Sandau, Ursula S.; Mungenast, Alison E.; McCarthy, Jack; Biederer, Thomas; Corfas, Gabriel

2011-01-01

244

LFA-1-mediated adhesion is regulated by cytoskeletal restraint and by a Ca2+-dependent protease, calpain.  

PubMed

The activity of integrins on leukocytes is kept under tight control to avoid inappropriate adhesion while these cells are circulating in blood or migrating through tissues. Using lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) on T cells as a model, we have investigated adhesion to ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1 induced by the Ca2+ mobilizers, ionomycin, 2, 5-di-t-butylhydroquinone, and thapsigargin, and the well studied stimulators such as phorbol ester and cross-linking of the antigen-specific T cell receptor (TCR)-CD3 complex. We report here that after exposure of T cells to these agonists, integrin is released from cytoskeletal control by the Ca2+-induced activation of a calpain-like enzyme, and adhesive contact between cells is strengthened by means of the clustering of mobilized LFA-1 on the membrane. We propose that methods of leukocyte stimulation that cause Ca2+ fluxes induce LFA-1 adhesion by regulation of calpain activity. These findings suggest a mechanism whereby engagement of the TCR could promote adhesion strengthening at an early stage of interaction with an antigen-presenting cell. PMID:9456328

Stewart, M P; McDowall, A; Hogg, N

1998-02-01

245

Ginsenoside Rg2 Inhibits Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Adhesion Molecule Expression in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell  

PubMed Central

Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), P- and E-selectin play a pivotal role for initiation of atherosclerosis. Ginsenoside, a class of steroid glycosides, is abundant in Panax ginseng root, which has been used for prevention of illness in Korea. In this study, we investigated the mechanism(s) by which ginsenoside Rg2 may inhibit VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expressions stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC). LPS increased VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression. Ginsenoside Rg2 prevented LPS-mediated increase of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression. On the other hand, JSH, a nuclear factor kappa B (NF-?B) inhibitor, reduced both VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression stimulated with LPS. SB202190, inhibitor of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), and wortmannin, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) inhibitor, reduced LPS-mediated VCAM-1 but not ICAM-1 expression. PD98059, inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK/ERK) did not affect VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression stimulated with LPS. SP600125, inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), reduced LPS-mediated ICAM-1 but not VCAM-1 expression. LPS reduced IkappaB? (I?B?) expression, in a time-dependent manner within 1 hr. Ginsenoside Rg2 prevented the decrease of I?B? expression stimulated with LPS. Moreover, ginsenoside Rg2 reduced LPS-mediated THP-1 monocyte adhesion to HUVEC, in a concentration-dependent manner. These data provide a novel mechanism where the ginsenoside Rg2 may provide direct vascular benefits with inhibition of leukocyte adhesion into vascular wall thereby providing protection against vascular inflammatory disease. PMID:23626475

Cho, Young-Suk; Kim, Chan Hyung; Ha, Tae-Sun; Lee, Sang Jin

2013-01-01

246

NADPH oxidase and lipid raft-associated redox signaling are required for PCB153-induced upregulation of cell adhesion molecules in human brain endothelial cells  

SciTech Connect

Exposure to persistent organic pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), can lead to chronic inflammation and the development of vascular diseases. Because cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) of the cerebrovascular endothelium regulate infiltration of inflammatory cells into the brain, we have explored the molecular mechanisms by which ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), such as PCB153, can upregulate CAMs in brain endothelial cells. Exposure to PCB153 increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), as well as elevated adhesion of leukocytes to brain endothelial cells. These effects were impeded by inhibitors of EGFR, JAKs, or Src activity. In addition, pharmacological inhibition of NADPH oxidase or disruption of lipid rafts by cholesterol depleting agents blocked PCB153-induced phosphorylation of JAK and Src kinases and upregulation of CAMs. In contrast, silencing of caveolin-1 by siRNA interference did not affect upregulation of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in brain endothelial cells stimulated by PCB153. Results of the present study indicate that lipid raft-dependent NADPH oxidase/JAK/EGFR signaling mechanisms regulate the expression of CAMs in brain endothelial cells and adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial monolayers. Due to its role in leukocyte infiltration, induction of CAMs may contribute to PCB-induced cerebrovascular disorders and neurotoxic effects in the CNS.

Eum, Sung Yong [Molecular Neuroscience and Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States)], E-mail: sungyong.eum@uky.edu; Andras, Ibolya [Molecular Neuroscience and Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Hennig, Bernhard [College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Toborek, Michal [Molecular Neuroscience and Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States)

2009-10-15

247

Cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and expression of adhesion molecules in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to dust from paints with or without nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Nanoparticles in primary form and nanoproducts might elicit different toxicological responses. We compared paint-related nanoparticles with respect to effects on endothelial oxidative stress, cytotoxicity and cell adhesion molecule expression. Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells were exposed to primary nanoparticles (fine, photocatalytic or nanosized TiO(2), aluminium silicate, carbon black, nano-silicasol or axilate) and dust from sanding reference- or nanoparticle-containing paints. Most of the samples increased cell surface expressions of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), but paint sanding dust samples generally generated less response than primary particles of TiO(2) and carbon black. We found no relationship between the expression of adhesion molecules, cytotoxicity and production of reactive oxygen species. In conclusion, sanding dust from nanoparticle-containing paint did not generate more oxidative stress or expression of cell adhesion molecules than sanding dust from paint without nanoparticles, whereas the primary particles had the largest effect on mass basis. PMID:22263546

Mikkelsen, Lone; Jensen, Keld A; Koponen, Ismo K; Saber, Anne T; Wallin, Håkan; Loft, Steffen; Vogel, Ulla; Møller, Peter

2013-03-01

248

Cooperativity in Adhesion Cluster Formation during Initial Cell Adhesion  

PubMed Central

We have studied the initial phase of cell adhesion as a function of the lateral organization of individual integrin molecules with single-cell force microscopy. Nanostructures, consisting of hexagonally ordered gold dots, were prepared with diblock-copolymer micelle lithography and functionalized with arginine- glycine-aspartate peptides, thus defining integrin position with nanometer resolution. Adhesion strength was characterized with an atomic force microscope and both cell detachment forces and work of detachment showed a reinforcement of adhesion if the distance between integrin molecules was <70 nm. This reinforcement had already occurred at cell-substrate contact times <5 min. We believe our results show quantitatively the relevance of the distance between adjacent integrin binding sites rather than their density. Furthermore, we propose a model describing the cooperative stabilization of early integrin clusters as a function of receptor patterning at the nanoscale. PMID:18689459

Selhuber-Unkel, Christine; López-García, Mónica; Kessler, Horst; Spatz, Joachim P.

2008-01-01

249

Flexible backbone aromatic polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Continuing research at Langley Research Center on the synthesis and development of new inexpensive flexible aromatic polyimides as adhesives has resulted in a material identified as LARC-F-SO2 with similarities to polyimidesulfone, PISO2, and other flexible backbone polyimides recently reported by Progar and St. Clair. Also prepared and evaluated was an endcapped version of PISO2. These two polymers were compared with LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI, polyimides research in our laboratory and reported in the literature. The adhesive evaluation, primarily based on lap shear strength (LSS) tests at RT, 177 C and 204 C, involved preparing adhesive tapes, conducting bonding studies and exposing lap shear specimens to 204 C air for up to 1000 hrs and to a 72-hour water boil. The type of adhesive failure as well as the Tg was determined for the fractured specimens. The results indicate that LARC-TPI provides the highest LSSs. LARC-F-SO2, LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI all retain their strengths after thermal exposure for 1000 hrs and PISO2 retains greater than 80 percent of its control strengths. After a 72-hr water boil exposure, most of the four adhesive systems showed reduced strengths for all test temperatures although still retaining a high percentage of their original strength (greater than 60 percent) except for one case. The predominant failure type was cohesive with no significant change in the Tgs.

Progar, Donald J.; St. Clair, Terry L.

1989-01-01

250

Flexible backbone aromatic polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Continuing research at Langley Research Center on the synthesis and development of new inexpensive flexible aromatic polyimides as adhesives has resulted in a material identified as LARC-F-SO2 with similarities to polyimidesulfone, PISO2, and other flexible backbone polyimides recently reported by Progar and St. Clair. Also prepared and evaluated was an endcapped version of PISO2. These two polymers were compared with LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI, polyimides research in our laboratory and reported in the literature. The adhesive evaluation, primarily based on lap shear strength (LSS) tests at RT, 177 C and 204 C, involved preparing adhesive tapes, conducting bonding studies and exposing lap shear specimens to 204 C air for up to 1000 hrs and to a 72-hour water boil. The type of adhesive failure as well as the Tg was determined for the fractured specimens. The results indicate that LARC-TPI provides the highest LSSs. LARC-F-SO2, LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI all retain their strengths after thermal exposure for 1000 hrs and PISO2 retains greater than 80 percent of its control strengths. After a 72-hr water boil exposure, most of the four adhesive systems showed reduced strengths for all test temperatures although still retaining a high percentage of their original strength (greater than 60 percent) except for one case. The predominant failure type was cohesive with no significant change in the Tgs.

Progar, Donald J.; St.clair, Terry L.

1988-01-01

251

Rolling friction of adhesive microspheres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rolling friction of adhesive microspheres is an important quantity as it determines the strength and stability of larger aggregates. Current models predict rolling forces that are 1 to 2 orders of magnitude smaller than observed experimentally. Starting from the well-known Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR) contact description, we derive an analytical theory for the rolling friction based on the concept of adhesion hysteresis, e.g. a difference in apparent surface energies for opening/closing cracks. We show how adhesion hysteresis causes the pressure distribution within the contact to become asymmetrical, leading to an opposing torque. Analytical expressions are derived relating the size of the hysteresis, the rolling torque, and the rolling displacement, ?. We confirm the existence of a critical rolling displacement for the onset of rolling, the size of which is set by the amount of adhesion hysteresis and the size of the contact area. We demonstrate how the developed theory is able to explain the large rolling forces and particle-size dependence observed experimentally. Good agreement with experimental results is achieved for adhesion hysteresis values of (??/?) ? 3 for polystyrene, and (??/?) ? 0.5 for silicates, at crack propagation rates of 0.1 µm s-1 and 1-10 µm s-1, respectively.

Krijt, S.; Dominik, C.; Tielens, A. G. G. M.

2014-04-01

252

Adhesive contact of elastomers: effective adhesion energy and creep function  

E-print Network

For the adhesive contact of elastomers, we propose expressions to quantify the impact of viscoelastic response on effective adhesion energy as a function of contact edge velocity. The expressions we propose are simple analytical functionals of the creep response and should be suitable for experimental data analysis in terms of measured rheologies. We also emphasize the role of the coupling between local stress field at the contact edge and the macroscopic remote loading (far field). We show that the contrast between growing and receding contact originates from the impact of viscoelastic response on coupling, while the separation process at the contact edge is similarly affected by viscoelasticity in both cases.

Etienne Barthel; Christian Frétigny

2009-06-11

253

Inhibition of monocyte adhesion to brain-derived endothelial cells by dual functional RNA chimeras.  

PubMed

Because adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial cells is the first step of vascular-neuronal inflammation, inhibition of adhesion and recruitment of leukocytes to vascular endothelial cells will have a beneficial effect on neuroinflammatory diseases. In this study, we used the pRNA of bacteriophage phi29 DNA packaging motor to construct a novel RNA nanoparticle for specific targeting to transferrin receptor (TfR) on the murine brain-derived endothelial cells (bEND5) to deliver ICAM-1 siRNA. This RNA nanoparticle (FRS-NPs) contained a FB4 aptamer targeting to TfR and a siRNA moiety for silencing the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Our data indicated that this RNA nanoparticle was delivered into murine brain-derived endothelial cells. Furthermore, the siRNA was released from the FRS-NPs in the cells and knocked down ICAM-1 expression in the TNF-?-stimulated cells and in the cells under oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) condition. The functional end points of the study indicated that FRS-NPs significantly inhibited monocyte adhesion to the bEND5 cells induced by TNF-? and OGD/R. In conclusion, our approach using RNA nanotechnology for siRNA delivery could be potentially applied for inhibition of inflammation in ischemic stroke and other neuroinflammatory diseases, or diseases affecting endothelium of vasculature. PMID:25368913

Hu, Jing; Xiao, Feng; Hao, Xin; Bai, Shuhua; Hao, Jiukuan

2014-01-01

254

Effects of varying doses of testosterone on atherogenic markers in healthy younger and older men.  

PubMed

Whether exogenous testosterone is proatherogenic remains controversial. We assessed the effects of graded doses of testosterone on serum markers of oxidative stress, chemotaxis, adhesion, and inflammation in healthy younger and older men. In a double-blind, randomized trial, 121 eugonadal men (n = 61, 18-35 years of age and n = 60, 60-75 years of age) were randomized to one of five groups to receive weekly injections of 25, 50, 125, 300, or 600 mg of testosterone enanthate for 20 wk, respectively, along with a long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist. Energy and protein intakes were standardized and no resistance training was allowed. We measured plasma levels of the atherogenic biomarkers monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), 8-isoprostane-PGF(2?) (8-iso-PGF(2?)), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) before and after the intervention. Administration of increasing doses of testosterone led to reduction in total 8-iso-PGF(2?) in the younger (p-trend(Younger) = 0.01), but not older (p-trend(Older) = 0.79) men. No significant linear associations were observed between testosterone dose and MCP-1, sICAM-1, or hs-CRP (all p-trend >0.20). In apparently healthy men, over a wide dose range, testosterone did not adversely affect atherogenic biomarkers. Long-term studies with larger sample sizes are warranted to determine whether testosterone supplementation affects atherosclerosis progression and cardiovascular risk. PMID:24305063

Roberts, Christian K; Chen, Brian H; Pruthi, Sandeep; Lee, Martin L

2014-01-15

255

Adhesive capsulitis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Adhesive capsulitis or frozen shoulder is an uncommon entity in athletes. However, it is a common cause of shoulder pain and disability in the general population. Although it is a self limiting ailment, its rather long, restrictive and painful course forces the affected person to seek treatment. Conservative management remains the mainstay treatment of adhesive capsulitis. This includes chiropractic manipulation of the shoulder, therapeutic modalities, mobilization, exercise, soft tissue therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and steroid injections. Manipulation under anesthesia is advocated when the conservative treatment fails. A case of secondary adhesive capsulitis in a forty-seven-year-old female recreational squash player is presented to illustrate clinical presentation, diagnosis, radiographic assessment and conservative chiropractic management. The patient’s shoulder range of motion was full and pain free with four months of conservative chiropractic care. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3

Kazemi, Mohsen

2000-01-01

256

Hydrate adhesive and tensile strengths  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The physical properties of hydrate-bearing sediments depend on the interaction between hydrates and minerals. In particular, hydrates prefer to nucleate on mineral surfaces, therefore, the hydrate-mineral adhesive strength and the tensile strength of the hydrate mass itself affect the mechanical response of hydrate-bearing sediments. In this study, ice and hydrates made with various guest molecules (CO2, CH4, and THF) are formed between mica and calcite substrates. Adhesive and tensile strengths are measured by applying an external pull-out force. Results show that tensile failure occurs in CO2 and CH4 hydrates when calcite is the substrate, while ice and all hydrates exhibit adhesive failure on mica. The debonding strength is higher when calcite substrates are involved rather than mica substrates. A nominal pull-out strength of 0.15 ± 0.03 MPa can be adopted for mechanical analyses of hydrate-bearing sediments.

Jung, J. W.; Santamarina, J. Carlos

2011-08-01

257

Dietary fish oil diminishes lymphocyte adhesion to macrophage and endothelial cell monolayers.  

PubMed Central

To further investigate the immunomodulatory effects of dietary lipids, rats were fed on a low-fat diet or on high-fat diets that contained hydrogenated coconut, olive, safflower, evening primrose or fish oil as the principal fat source. The fish oil diet decreased the level of expression of CD2, CD11a, CD18 and CD44 on the surface of freshly prepared lymphocytes and of CD2, CD11a, CD18, CD54 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1; ICAM-1) and CD62L (L-selectin) on the surface of concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated lymphocytes. The olive oil diet also resulted in decreased expression of some adhesion molecules. The fish or olive oil diets, and to a lesser extent the safflower or evening primrose oil diets, decreased the adhesion of both freshly prepared and Con A-stimulated lymphocytes to macrophage monolayers. The fish oil diet, and to a lesser extent the olive or evening primrose oil diets, reduced the ability of Con A-stimulated lymphocytes to adhere to untreated endothelial cells. Furthermore, the fish oil diet resulted in a 50% reduction in Con A-stimulated lymphocyte adhesion to tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-stimulated endothelial cells. This study demonstrates that dietary lipids affect the expression of functionally important adhesion molecules on the surface of lymphocytes. Furthermore, this study suggests that such diet-induced effects on adhesion molecule expression might alter the ability of lymphocytes to bind to macrophages and to endothelial cells. Of the diets studied fish oil causes the most significant effects. The results of this study suggest that a reduction in cellular infiltration may partly explain the protective effect of a fish-oil-rich diet against the development of inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases. PMID:9708190

Sanderson, P; Calder, P C

1998-01-01

258

Kidney Injury Molecule-1 Outperforms Traditional Biomarkers of Kidney Injury in Multi-site Preclinical Biomarker Qualification Studies  

PubMed Central

Kidney toxicity accounts for a significant percentage of morbidity and drug candidate failure. Serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) have been used to monitor kidney dysfunction for over a century but these markers are insensitive and non-specific. In multi-site preclinical rat toxicology studies the diagnostic performance of urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1) was compared to traditional biomarkers as predictors of kidney tubular histopathologic changes, currently considered the “gold standard” of nephrotoxicity. In multiple models of kidney injury, urinary Kim-1 significantly outperformed SCr and BUN. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for Kim-1 was between 0.91 and 0.99 as compared to 0.79 to 0.9 for BUN and 0.73 to 0.85 for SCr. Thus urinary Kim-1 is the first injury biomarker of kidney toxicity qualified by the FDA and EMEA and is expected to significantly improve kidney safety monitoring. PMID:20458318

Vaidya, Vishal S.; Ozer, Josef S.; Frank, Dieterle; Collings, Fitz B.; Ramirez, Victoria; Troth, Sean; Muniappa, Nagaraja; Thudium, Douglas; Gerhold, David; Holder, Daniel J.; Bobadilla, Norma A.; Marrer, Estelle; Perentes, Elias; Cordier, Andre; Vonderscher, Jacky; Maurer, Gerard; Goering, Peter L.; Sistare, Frank D.; Bonventre, Joseph V.

2010-01-01

259

Adhesive, elastomeric gel impregnating composition  

DOEpatents

An improved capacitor roll with alternating film and foil layers is impregnated with an adhesive, elastomeric gel composition. The gel composition is a blend of a plasticizer, a polyol, a maleic anhydride that reacts with the polyol to form a polyester, and a catalyst for the reaction. The impregnant composition is introduced to the film and foil layers while still in a liquid form and then pressure is applied to aid with impregnation. The impregnant composition is cured to form the adhesive, elastomeric gel. Pressure is maintained during curing.

Shaw, David Glenn (Tucson, AZ); Pollard, John Randolph (Tucson, AZ); Brooks, Robert Aubrey (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

260

Nucleation and Growth of Integrin Adhesions  

PubMed Central

We present a model that provides a mechanistic understanding of the processes that govern the formation of the earliest integrin adhesions ex novo from an approximately planar plasma membrane. Using an analytic analysis of the free energy of a dynamically deformable membrane containing freely diffusing receptors molecules and long repeller molecules that inhibit integrins from binding with ligands on the extracellular matrix, we predict that a coalescence of polymerizing actin filaments can deform the membrane toward the extracellular matrix and facilitate integrin binding. Monte Carlo simulations of this system show that thermally induced membrane fluctuations can either zip-up and increase the radius of a nucleated adhesion or unzip and shrink an adhesion, but the fluctuations cannot bend the ventral membrane to nucleate an adhesion. To distinguish this integrin adhesion from more mature adhesions, we refer to this early adhesion as a nouveau adhesion. PMID:19413961

Atilgan, Erdinç; Ovryn, Ben

2009-01-01

261

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a...

2012-04-01

262

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a...

2011-04-01

263

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a...

2013-04-01

264

Controllable adhesion using field-activated fluids  

E-print Network

We demonstrate that field-responsive magnetorheological fluids can be used for variable-strength controllable adhesion. The adhesive performance is measured experimentally in tensile tests (a.k.a. probe-tack experiments) ...

Ewoldt, Randy H.

265

Viscoelastic Analysis of Adhesively Bonded Joints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An adhesively bonded lap joint is analyzed by assuming that the adherends are elastic and the adhesive is linearly viscoelastic. After formulating the general problem a specific example for two identical adherends bonded through a three parameter viscoela...

F. Delale, F. Erdogan

1980-01-01

266

Omentin inhibits TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells via ERK/NF-{kappa}B pathway  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin inhibited TNF-{alpha}-induced adhesion of THP-1 cells to HUVECs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin reduces expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 induced by TNF-{alpha} in HUVECs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin inhibits TNF-{alpha}-induced ERK and NF-{kappa}B activation in HUVECs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin supreeses TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 via ERK/NF-{kappa}B pathway. -- Abstract: In the present study, we investigated whether omentin affected the expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} (TNF-{alpha}) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Our data showed that omentin decreased TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in HUVECs. In addition, omentin inhibited TNF-{alpha}-induced adhesion of THP-1 cells to HUVECs. Further, we found that omentin inhibited TNF-{alpha}-activated signal pathway of nuclear factor-{kappa}B (NF-{kappa}B) by preventing NF-{kappa}B inhibitory protein (I{kappa}B{alpha}) degradation and NF-{kappa}B/DNA binding activity. Omentin pretreatment significantly inhibited TNF-{alpha}-induced ERK activity and ERK phosphorylation in HUVECs. Pretreatment with PD98059 suppressed TNF-{alpha}-induced NF-{kappa}B activity. Omentin, NF-kB inhibitor (BAY11-7082) and ERK inhibitor (PD98059) reduced the up-regulation of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 induced by TNF-{alpha}. These results suggest that omentin may inhibit TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells via blocking ERK/NF-{kappa}B pathway.

Zhong, Xia, E-mail: zhongxia1977@126.com [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)] [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China); Li, Xiaonan; Liu, Fuli; Tan, Hui [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)] [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China); Shang, Deya, E-mail: wenhuashenghuo1@163.com [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)] [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)

2012-08-24

267

21 CFR 878.3750 - External prosthesis adhesive.  

...2014-04-01 false External prosthesis adhesive. 878.3750 Section 878.3750... § 878.3750 External prosthesis adhesive. (a) Identification. An external prosthesis adhesive is a silicone-type adhesive...

2014-04-01

268

21 CFR 878.3750 - External prosthesis adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false External prosthesis adhesive. 878.3750 Section 878.3750... § 878.3750 External prosthesis adhesive. (a) Identification. An external prosthesis adhesive is a silicone-type adhesive...

2011-04-01

269

21 CFR 878.3750 - External prosthesis adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false External prosthesis adhesive. 878.3750 Section 878.3750... § 878.3750 External prosthesis adhesive. (a) Identification. An external prosthesis adhesive is a silicone-type adhesive...

2013-04-01

270

21 CFR 878.3750 - External prosthesis adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false External prosthesis adhesive. 878.3750 Section 878.3750... § 878.3750 External prosthesis adhesive. (a) Identification. An external prosthesis adhesive is a silicone-type adhesive...

2012-04-01

271

Cellular response to low adhesion nanotopographies  

PubMed Central

This review focuses on how cells respond to low-adhesion nanotopographies. In order to do this, fabrication techniques, how cells may locate nanofeatures through the use of filopodia and possible mechanotransductive mechanisms are discussed. From this, examples of low-adhesion topographies and sizes and arrangements that may lead to low-adhesion are discussed. Finally, it is hypothesized as to how specifically low-adhesion materials may fit into the outlined mechanotransductive mechanisms. PMID:18019836

Dalby, Matthew J

2007-01-01

272

Focal adhesion regulation of cell behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focal adhesions lie at the convergence of integrin adhesion, signaling and the actin cytoskeleton. Cells modify focal adhesions in response to changes in the molecular composition, two-dimensional (2D) vs. three-dimensional (3D) structure, and physical forces present in their extracellular matrix environment. We consider here how cells use focal adhesions to regulate signaling complexes and integrin function. Furthermore, we examine how

Michele A Wozniak; Katarzyna Modzelewska; Lina Kwong; Patricia J Keely

2004-01-01

273

Alterations in cell adhesion proteins and cardiomyopathy  

PubMed Central

Cell adhesive junction is specialized intercellular structure composed of cell adhesion proteins. They are essential to connect adjacent heart muscle cell and make heart contraction effectively and properly. Clinical and genetic studies have revealed close relationship between cell adhesive proteins and the occurrence of various cardiomyopathies. Here we will review recent development on the disease phenotype, potential cellular and molecular mechanism related to cell adhesion molecules, with particular disease pathogenesis learned from genetic manipulated murine models. PMID:24944760

Li, Jifen

2014-01-01

274

Cooperativity between Cell Contractility and Adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In living cells, the cytoskeleton connects to the extracellular environment through focal adhesions, multimolecular structures that can sense applied force. A model is presented that for the first time explains why the focal adhesions tend to high-curvature regions at the cell periphery. It is based on experimental evidence for positive feedback between adhesion formation and assembly of actomyosin bundles (stress fibers). The model predicts that the focal adhesions propagate by treadmilling with a velocity proportional to the integrin diffusion coefficient.

Novak, Igor L.; Slepchenko, Boris M.; Mogilner, Alex; Loew, Leslie M.

2004-12-01

275

Tool Severs Hidden Adhesive Bonds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New tool enters narrow gap between fragile materials and removes adhesively bonded filler without damage to adjacent surfaces. Reaches deep into narrow crevices to reach hidden bond lines. Tool originally developed to remove ceramic filler from between Space Shuttle surface-insulation tiles.

Keir, A. R.; Dominguez, X. A.

1983-01-01

276

Computational Chemistry of Adhesive Bonds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This investigation is intended to determine the electrical mechanical, and chemical properties of adhesive bonds at the molecular level. The initial determinations will be followed by investigations of the effects of environmental effects on the chemistry and properties of the bond layer.

Phillips, Donald H.

1999-01-01

277

Candida biofilms: is adhesion sexy?  

PubMed

The development of Candida albicans biofilms requires two types of adhesion molecule - the Als proteins and Hwp1. Mutational analyses have recently revealed that these molecules play complementary roles, and their characteristics suggest that they may have evolved from primitive mating agglutinins. PMID:18727911

Soll, David R

2008-08-26

278

DIAGONAL DEFECT MEASURES, ADHESION DYNAMICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the existence and the stability of global solutions, with concentrations, for two systems of Partial Differential Equations. The first one is a system modeling adhesion dynamics, the second one is the incompressible Euler equations in vorticity form, with vortex points of distinguished sign. The results are obtained in two space dimension. In order to study

ERIC POUPAUD

279

Reduction of solvent content in toluene–neoprene adhesives and in acetone–polyurethane adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The desorption of toluene in a polychloroprene (neoprene)-toluene adhesive and in a commercial neoprene adhesive was studied in air at three different temperatures by monitoring the weight loss vs time. Similarly, the desorption of acetone in a polyurethane adhesive and in a commercial adhesive was also considered. The experimental weight variations are correlated with the solution of the second Fick

M. C. Sabater; M. A. Martínez

2001-01-01

280

Rheological Models for Molecular Design of Adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rheological properties of soft polymer-based adhesives control in a large extent their adhesion properties when viscoelastic losses are dominant (adhesion on high energy surfaces). Peeling properties may be linked directly to linear viscoelastic properties in a large number of cases. The use of molecular models based on the reptation concept and its subsequent improvements (constraints release, dynamic dilution) allow

Gérard Marin; Christophe ´Rail

2008-01-01

281

Abdominal Adhesion Prevention: Still a Sticky Subject?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Adhesion formation remains an almost inevitable consequence of abdominal procedures, potentially resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. There is an ongoing need to evaluate current understanding of adhesion formation and products aimed at prevention. Failure to keep up to date with adhesion treatment may subject clinicians to a greater medico-legal risk. Design: Review of published studies exploring the problem

Chris I. W. Lauder; Giuseppe Garcea; Andrew Strickland; Guy J. Maddern

2010-01-01

282

The inner lives of focal adhesions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In focal adhesions of eukaryotic cells, transmembrane receptors of the integrin family and a large set of adaptor proteins form the physical link between the extracellular substrate and the actin cytoskeleton. During cell migration, nascent focal adhesions within filopodia and lamellipodia make the initial exploratory contacts with the cellular environment, whereas maturing focal adhesions pull the cell forward against the

Bernhard Wehrle-Haller; Beat A Imhof

2002-01-01

283

Prevention of Adhesion to Prosthetic Mesh  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess whether use of antiadhesive liquids or coatings could prevent adhesion formation to prosthetic mesh. Summary Background Data Incisional hernia repair frequently involves the use of prosthetic mesh. However, concern exists about development of adhesions between viscera and the mesh, predisposing to intestinal obstruction or enterocutaneous fistulas. Methods In 91 rats, a defect in the muscular abdominal wall was created, and mesh was fixed intraperitoneally to cover the defect. Rats were divided in five groups: polypropylene mesh only (control group), addition of Sepracoat or Icodextrin solution to polypropylene mesh, Sepramesh (polypropylene mesh with Seprafilm coating), and Parietex composite mesh (polyester mesh with collagen coating). Seven and 30 days postoperatively, adhesions were assessed and wound healing was studied by microscopy. Results Intraperitoneal placement of polypropylene mesh was followed by bowel adhesions to the mesh in 50% of the cases. A mean of 74% of the mesh surface was covered by adhesions after 7 days, and 48% after 30 days. Administration of Sepracoat or Icodextrin solution had no influence on adhesion formation. Coated meshes (Sepramesh and Parietex composite mesh) had no bowel adhesions. Sepramesh was associated with a significant reduction of the mesh surface covered by adhesions after 7 and 30 days. Infection was more prevalent with Parietex composite mesh, with concurrent increased mesh surface covered by adhesions after 30 days (78%). Conclusions Sepramesh significantly reduced mesh surface covered by adhesions and prevented bowel adhesion to the mesh. Parietex composite mesh prevented bowel adhesions as well but increased infection rates in the current model. PMID:12496539

van 't Riet, Martijne; de Vos van Steenwijk, Peggy J.; Bonthuis, Fred; Marquet, Richard L.; Steyerberg, Ewout W.; Jeekel, Johannes; Bonjer, H. Jaap

2003-01-01

284

Berberine reduces leukocyte adhesion to LPS-stimulated endothelial cells and VCAM-1 expression both in vivo and in vitro.  

PubMed

Leukocyte adhesion to endothelium plays a critical initiating role in inflammation. Berberine, an anti-inflammatory natural compound, is known to attenuate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury and improve survival of endotoxemic animals with mechanism not fully clarified. This study investigated the effects of berberine on the LPS-induced leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion both in vivo and in vitro. We first established an animal model to observe the in vivo LPS-induced adhesion of leukocytes to the endothelium of venules in the lung tissue dose-dependently. Pretreatment of LPS-stimulated rats with berberine for 1 h reduced the leukocyte-endothelium adhesion and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression in lung. Pretreatment of LPS-stimulated vascular endothelial cells with berberine also dose-dependently decreased the number of adhered THP-1 cells and VCAM-1 expression at both RNA and protein levels. Berberine was further confirmed to inhibit the nuclear translocation and DNA binding activity of LPS-activated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B). These data demonstrated an additional molecular mechanism for the profound anti-inflammatory effect of berberine. PMID:23058024

Wu, Y-H; Chuang, S-Y; Hong, W-C; Lai, Y-J; Chang, G-J; Pang, J-H S

2012-01-01

285

Effects of Nitric Oxide-Releasing Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NONO-NSAIDs) on Melanoma Cell Adhesion  

PubMed Central

A new class of nitric oxide (NO•)-releasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NONO-NSAIDs) were developed in recent years and have shown promising potential as NSAID substitutes due to their gentle nature on cardiovascular and gastrointestinal systems. Since nitric oxide plays a role in regulation of cell adhesion, we assessed the potential use of NONO-NSAIDs as anti-metastasis drugs. In this regard, we compared the effects of NONO-aspirin and a novel NONO-naproxen, to those exerted by their respective parent NSAIDs on avidities of human melanoma M624 cells. Both NONO-NSAIDs, but not the corresponding parent NSAIDs, reduced M624 adhesion on vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) by 20-30% and fibronectin by 25-44% under fluid flow conditions and static conditions, respectively. Only NONO-naproxen reduced (~56%) the activity of ?1 integrin, which binds to ?4 integrin to form very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), the ligand of VCAM-1. These results indicate that the diazeniumdiolate (NO•)-donor moiety is critical for reducing the adhesion between VLA-4 and its ligands, while the NSAID moiety can impact the regulation mechanism of melanoma cell adhesion. PMID:22889880

Cheng, Huiwen; Mollica, Molly Y.; Lee, Shinhee; Wang, Lei; Velázquez-Martínez, Carlos A.; Wu, Shiyong

2012-01-01

286

Viscoelastic analysis of adhesively bonded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An adhesively bonded lap joint is analyzed by assuming that the adherends are elastic and the adhesive is linearly viscoelastic. After formulating the general problem a specific example for two identical adherends bonded through a three parameter viscoelastic solid adhesive is considered. The standard Laplace transform technique is used to solve the problem. The stress distribution in the adhesive layer is calculated for three different external loads, namely, membrane loading, bending, and transverse shear loading. The results indicate that the peak value of the normal stress in the adhesive is not only consistently higher than the corresponding shear stress but also decays slower.

Delale, F.; Erdogan, F.

1980-01-01

287

Designing Hydrogel Adhesives for Corneal Wound Repair  

PubMed Central

Today, corneal wounds are repaired using nylon sutures. Yet there are a number of complications associated with suturing the cornea, and thus there is interest in an adhesive to replace or supplement sutures in the repair of corneal wounds. We are designing and evaluating corneal adhesives prepared from dendrimers – single molecular weight, highly branched polymers. We have explored two strategies to form these ocular adhesives. The first involves a photocrosslinking reaction and the second uses a peptide ligation reactions to couple the individual dendrimers together to from the adhesive. These adhesives were successfully used to repair corneal perforations, close the flap produced in a LASIK procedure, and secure a corneal transplant. PMID:17889330

Grinstaff, Mark W.

2013-01-01

288

P-8 / D. R. Cairns P-8: Conductive and Adhesive Properties of Z-axis Adhesives for Tail  

E-print Network

P-8 / D. R. Cairns P-8: Conductive and Adhesive Properties of Z-axis Adhesives for Tail Bonding (z- axis adhesive) tape for solderless bonding of flex tails. Figure 2 Schematic diagram of the bonding of flexfoils using z-axis adhesive Z-Axis Adhesive Film Flexfoil Flexfoil Z-Axis Adhesive Film

Cairns, Darran

289

Photochemical tissue bonding with chitosan adhesive films  

PubMed Central

Background Photochemical tissue bonding (PTB) is a promising sutureless technique for tissue repair. PTB is often achieved by applying a solution of rose bengal (RB) between two tissue edges, which are irradiated by a green laser to crosslink collagen fibers with minimal heat production. In this study, RB has been incorporated in chitosan films to create a novel tissue adhesive that is laser-activated. Methods Adhesive films, based on chitosan and containing ~0.1 wt% RB were manufactured and bonded to calf intestine by a solid state laser (? = 532 nm, Fluence~110 J/cm2, spot size~0.5 cm). A single-column tensiometer, interfaced with a personal computer, tested the bonding strength. K-type thermocouples recorded the temperature (T) at the adhesive-tissue interface during laser irradiation. Human fibroblasts were also seeded on the adhesive and cultured for 48 hours to assess cell growth. Results The RB-chitosan adhesive bonded firmly to the intestine with adhesion strength of 15 ± 2 kPa, (n = 31). The adhesion strength dropped to 0.5 ± 0.1 (n = 8) kPa when the laser was not applied to the adhesive. The average temperature of the adhesive increased from 26°C to 32°C during laser exposure. Fibroblasts grew confluent on the adhesive without morphological changes. Conclusion A new biocompatible chitosan adhesive has been developed that bonds photochemically to tissue with minimal temperature increase. PMID:20825632

2010-01-01

290

Theory of adhesion: Role of surface roughness.  

PubMed

We discuss how surface roughness influences the adhesion between elastic solids. We introduce a Tabor number which depends on the length scale or magnification, and which gives information about the nature of the adhesion at different length scales. We consider two limiting cases relevant for (a) elastically hard solids with weak (or long ranged) adhesive interaction (DMT-limit) and (b) elastically soft solids with strong (or short ranged) adhesive interaction (JKR-limit). For the former cases we study the nature of the adhesion using different adhesive force laws (F ? u(-n), n = 1.5-4, where u is the wall-wall separation). In general, adhesion may switch from DMT-like at short length scales to JKR-like at large (macroscopic) length scale. We compare the theory predictions to results of exact numerical simulations and find good agreement between theory and simulation results. PMID:25273455

Persson, B N J; Scaraggi, M

2014-09-28

291

Theory of adhesion: role of surface roughness  

E-print Network

We discuss how surface roughness influence the adhesion between elastic solids. We introduce a Tabor number which depends on the length scale or magnification, and which gives information about the nature of the adhesion at different length scales. We consider two limiting cases relevant for (a) elastically hard solids with weak adhesive interaction (DMT-limit) and (b) elastically soft solids or strong adhesive interaction (JKR-limit). For the former cases we study the nature of the adhesion using different adhesive force laws ($F\\sim u^{-n}$, $n=1.5-4$, where $u$ is the wall-wall separation). In general, adhesion may switch from DMT-like at short length scales to JKR-like at large (macroscopic) length scale. We compare the theory predictions to the results of exact numerical simulations and find good agreement between theory and the simulation results.

Bo N. J. Persson; Michele Scaraggi

2014-05-13

292

Theory of adhesion: Role of surface roughness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss how surface roughness influences the adhesion between elastic solids. We introduce a Tabor number which depends on the length scale or magnification, and which gives information about the nature of the adhesion at different length scales. We consider two limiting cases relevant for (a) elastically hard solids with weak (or long ranged) adhesive interaction (DMT-limit) and (b) elastically soft solids with strong (or short ranged) adhesive interaction (JKR-limit). For the former cases we study the nature of the adhesion using different adhesive force laws (F ˜ u-n, n = 1.5-4, where u is the wall-wall separation). In general, adhesion may switch from DMT-like at short length scales to JKR-like at large (macroscopic) length scale. We compare the theory predictions to results of exact numerical simulations and find good agreement between theory and simulation results.

Persson, B. N. J.; Scaraggi, M.

2014-09-01

293

Focal adhesion kinase signaling mediates acute renal injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion.  

PubMed

Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with cell matrix and focal adhesion remodeling. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase that localizes at focal adhesions and regulates their turnover. Here, we investigated the role of FAK in renal I/R injury, using a novel conditional proximal tubule-specific fak-deletion mouse model. Tamoxifen treatment of FAK(loxP/loxP)//?GT-Cre-ER(T2) mice caused renal-specific fak recombination (FAK(?loxP/?loxP)) and reduction of FAK expression in proximal tubules. In FAK(?loxP/?loxP) mice compared with FAK(loxP/loxP) controls, unilateral renal ischemia followed by reperfusion resulted in less tubular damage with reduced tubular cell proliferation and lower expression of kidney injury molecule-1, which was independent from the postischemic inflammatory response. Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of I/R injury. Primary cultured mouse renal cells were used to study the role of FAK deficiency for oxidative stress in vitro. The conditional fak deletion did not affect cell survival after hydrogen peroxide-induced cellular stress, whereas it impaired the recovery of focal adhesions that were disrupted by hydrogen peroxide. This was associated with reduced c-Jun N-terminal kinase-dependent phosphorylation of paxillin at serine 178 in FAK-deficient cells, which is required for focal adhesion turnover. Our findings support a role for FAK as a novel factor in the initiation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase-mediated cellular stress response during renal I/R injury and suggest FAK as a target in renal injury protection. PMID:21982831

Qin, Yu; Alderliesten, Maaike C; Stokman, Geurt; Pennekamp, Petra; Bonventre, Joseph V; de Heer, Emile; Ichimura, Takaharu; de Graauw, Marjo; Price, Leo S; van de Water, Bob

2011-12-01

294

Focal Adhesion Kinase Signaling Mediates Acute Renal Injury Induced by Ischemia/Reperfusion  

PubMed Central

Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with cell matrix and focal adhesion remodeling. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase that localizes at focal adhesions and regulates their turnover. Here, we investigated the role of FAK in renal I/R injury, using a novel conditional proximal tubule–specific fak-deletion mouse model. Tamoxifen treatment of FAKloxP/loxP//?GT-Cre-ERT2 mice caused renal-specific fak recombination (FAK?loxP/?loxP) and reduction of FAK expression in proximal tubules. In FAK?loxP/?loxP mice compared with FAKloxP/loxP controls, unilateral renal ischemia followed by reperfusion resulted in less tubular damage with reduced tubular cell proliferation and lower expression of kidney injury molecule-1, which was independent from the postischemic inflammatory response. Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of I/R injury. Primary cultured mouse renal cells were used to study the role of FAK deficiency for oxidative stress in vitro. The conditional fak deletion did not affect cell survival after hydrogen peroxide–induced cellular stress, whereas it impaired the recovery of focal adhesions that were disrupted by hydrogen peroxide. This was associated with reduced c-Jun N-terminal kinase–dependent phosphorylation of paxillin at serine 178 in FAK-deficient cells, which is required for focal adhesion turnover. Our findings support a role for FAK as a novel factor in the initiation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase–mediated cellular stress response during renal I/R injury and suggest FAK as a target in renal injury protection. PMID:21982831

Qin, Yu; Alderliesten, Maaike C.; Stokman, Geurt; Pennekamp, Petra; Bonventre, Joseph V.; de Heer, Emile; Ichimura, Takaharu; de Graauw, Marjo; Price, Leo S.; van de Water, Bob

2011-01-01

295

Thrombospondin modulates focal adhesions in endothelial cells  

PubMed Central

We examined the effects of thrombospondin (TSP) in the substrate adhesion of bovine aortic endothelial cells. The protein was tested both as a substrate for cell adhesion and as a modulator of the later stages of the cell adhesive process. TSP substrates supported the attachment of some BAE cells, but not cell spreading or the formation of focal adhesion plaques. In contrast, cells seeded on fibrinogen or fibronectin substrates were able to complete the adhesive process, as indicated by the formation of focal adhesion plaques. Incubation of cells in suspension with soluble TSP before or at the time of seeding onto fibronectin substrates resulted in an inhibition of focal adhesion formation. Furthermore, the addition of TSP to fully adherent cells in situ or prespread on fibronectin substrates caused a reduction in the number of cells, which were positive for focal adhesions, although there was no significant effect on cell spreading. In a dose-dependent manner, TSP reduced the number of cells with adhesion plaques to approximately 60% of control levels. The distribution of remaining adhesion plaques in TSP-treated cells was also altered: plaques were primarily limited to the periphery of cells and were not present in the central cell body, as in control cells treated with BSA. The observed effects were specific for TSP and were not observed with platelet factor 4, beta-thromboglobulin, or fibronectin. The TSP-mediated loss of adhesion plaques was neutralized by the addition of heparin, fucoidan, other heparin-binding proteins, and by a monoclonal antibody to the heparin binding domain of TSP, but not by antibodies to the core or carboxy-terminal regions of TSP. The interaction of the heparin- binding domain of TSP with cell-associated heparan sulfate appears to be an important mechanistic component for this activity of TSP. These data indicate that TSP may have a role in destabilizing cell adhesion through prevention of focal adhesion formation and by loss of preformed focal adhesions. PMID:2768342

1989-01-01

296

Acetylene-terminated polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The nadic-encapped LARC-13 addition polyimide exhibits excellent flow, is easy to process, and can be utilized for short terms at temperatures up to 593 C. It retains good lap shear strength as an adhesive for titanium after aging in air up to 125 hours at 316 C; but lap shear strength degrades with longer exposures at that temperature. Thermid 600, an addition polyimide that is acetylene encapped, exhibits thermomechanical properties even after long term exposure in at air at 316 C. An inherent drawback of this system is that it has a narrow processing window. An acetylene encapped, addition polyimide which is a hybrid of these two systems was developed. It has good retention of strength after long term aging and is easily processed. The synthesis and characterization of various molecular weight oligomers of this system are discussed as well as the bonding, aging, and testing of lap shear adhesive samples.

Hanky, A. O.

1983-01-01

297

Angiopoietin-1 and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Regulation of Leukocyte Adhesion to Endothelial Cells: Role of Nuclear Receptor-77  

PubMed Central

Objective Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) promotes leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells (ECs). Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) inhibits this response. Nuclear receptor-77 (Nur77) is a proangiogenic nuclear receptor. In the present study, we assessed the influence of Ang-1 and VEGF on Nur77 expression in ECs, and evaluated its role in Ang-1/VEGF-mediated leukocyte adhesion. Methods and Results Expression of Nur77 was evaluated with real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting. Adhesion of leukocytes to ECs was monitored with inverted microscopy. Nur77 expression or activity was inhibited using adenoviruses expressing dominant-negative form of Nur77, retroviruses expressing Nur77 in the antisense direction, and small interfering RNA oligos. Both Ang-1 and VEGF induce Nur77 expression, by >5- and 30-fold, respectively. When combined, Ang-1 potentiates VEGF-induced Nur77 expression. Ang-1 induces Nur77 through the phosphoinositide 3-kinase and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 pathways. VEGF induces Nur77 expression through the protein kinase D/histone deacetylase 7/myocyte enhancer factor 2 and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 pathways. VEGF induces nuclear factor-kappaB transcription factor, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and E-selectin expressions, and promotes leukocyte adhesion to ECs. Ang-1 inhibits these responses. This inhibitory effect of Ang-1 disappears when Nur77 expression is disrupted, restoring the inductive effects of VEGF on adhesion molecule expression, and increased leukocyte adhesion to ECs. Conclusion Nur77 promotes anti-inflammatory effects of Ang-1, and functions as a negative feedback inhibitor of VEGF-induced EC activation. PMID:22628435

Ismail, Hodan; Mofarrahi, Mahroo; Echavarria, Raquel; Harel, Sharon; Verdin, Eric; Lim, Hyung W.; Jin, Zheng-Gen; Sun, Jianxin; Zeng, Huiyan; Hussain, Sabah N.A.

2012-01-01

298

Stick to It: Adhesion II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Water sticks to all kinds of things in nature â flowers, leaves, spider webs - and doesn't stick to others, such as a duck's back. In this activity, learners explore water adhesion (when water sticks to something else) and cohesion (when water sticks to itself), and how these forces combine to move water along a string. As part of the activity learners come to understand what "variable" means in the context of an experiment.

Jersey, New; Center, Liberty S.; Coalition, New J.

2006-01-01

299

Tissue Adhesives as Active Implants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Tissue adhesives are substances that hold tissues together, and could be broadly applicable in medicine and surgery. In appropriate\\u000a circumstances, such materials could be attractive alternatives to sutures and staples since they can be applied more quickly,\\u000a causes less pain and may require less equipment. In addition, there is no risk to the practitioner from sharp instruments\\u000a (Singer et al.,

Boaz Mizrahi; Christopher Weldon; Daniel S. Kohane

300

Polymer nanocarriers for dentin adhesion.  

PubMed

To obtain more durable adhesion to dentin, and to protect collagen fibrils of the dentin matrix from degradation, calcium- and phosphate-releasing particles have been incorporated into the dental adhesive procedure. The aim of the present study was to incorporate zinc-loaded polymeric nanocarriers into a dental adhesive system to facilitate inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-mediated collagen degradation and to provide calcium ions for mineral deposition within the resin-dentin bonded interface. PolymP- N : Active nanoparticles (nanoMyP) were zinc-loaded through 30-minute ZnCl2 immersion and tested for bioactivity by means of 7 days' immersion in simulated body fluid solution (the Kokubo test). Zinc-loading and calcium phosphate depositions were examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, elemental analysis, and x-ray diffraction. Nanoparticles in ethanol solution infiltrated into phosphoric-acid-etched human dentin and Single Bond (3M/ESPE) were applied to determine whether the nanoparticles interfered with bonding. Debonded sticks were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. A metalloproteinase collagen degradation assay was also performed in resin-infiltrated dentin with and without nanoparticles, measuring C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) concentration in supernatants, after 4 wk of immersion in artificial saliva. Numerical data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparisons tests (p < .05). Nanoparticles were effectively zinc-loaded and were shown to have a chelating effect, retaining calcium regardless of zinc incorporation. Nanoparticles failed to infiltrate demineralized intertubular dentin and remained on top of the hybrid layer, without altering bond strength. Calcium and phosphorus were found covering nanoparticles at the hybrid layer, after 24 h. Nanoparticle application in etched dentin also reduced MMP-mediated collagen degradation. Tested nanoparticles may be incorporated into dental adhesive systems to provide the appropriate environment in which dentin MMP collagen degradation is inhibited and mineral growth can occur. PMID:25227634

Osorio, R; Osorio, E; Medina-Castillo, A L; Toledano, M

2014-12-01

301

Adhesive evaluation of new polyimides  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the past 10 to 15 years, the Materials Division at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) has developed several novel high temperature polyimide adhesives for anticipated needs of the aerospace industry. These developments have resulted from fundamental studies of structure-property relationships in polyimides. Recent research at LaRC has involved the synthesis and evaluation of copolyimides which incorporate both flexibilizing bridging groups and meta-linked benzene rings. The purpose was to develop systems based on low cost, readily available monomers. Two of these copolyimides evaluated as adhesives for bonding titanium alloy, Ti(6Al-4V), are identified as LARC-STPI and STPI-LARC-2. Lap shear strength (LSS) measurements were used to determine the strength and durability of the adhesive materials. LSS results are presented for LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI lap shear specimens thermally exposed in air at 232 C for up to 5000 hrs. LARC-TPI was shown to perform better than the copolymer LARC-STPI which exhibited poor thermooxidative performance possibly due to the amines used which would tend to oxidize easier than the benzophenone system in LARC-TPI.

Stclair, Terry L.; Progar, Donald J.

1987-01-01

302

[Adhesion to the antiretroviral treatment].  

PubMed

The objective of the therapy antiretroviral is to improve the quality of life and the survival of the persons affected by the VIH through the suppression of the viral replication. Nevertheless one of the present problems is the resistant apparition of stumps to the new medicines caused by an incorrect management of the therapeutic plan; by an incorrect adhesion of the personal processing. Since the therapeutic success will depend, among others factors, and of important form of the degree of implication and commitment of the person affected, is a matter of identifying prematurely the possible situations concomitants (personal factors and of addiction, psycho-social, related to the processing and its possible secondary effects, associated factors to the own illness or even to the relation professional-patient) that can interfere in a correct adhesion. For it is necessary of the interaction multidisciplinary of the welfare team, and fundamental the work of nursing at the moment of to detect the possible determinant factors and the intervention definition of strategies arrived at by consensus with the own person, that they promote it or it improve. The quantification of the degree of adhesion (measure in %) values through various direct and indirect methods and should keep in mind in it takes of therapeutic decisions being able to come to be advised the suspension of the processing until obtaining to conscience to the person affected of the importance of a correct therapeutic compliance. PMID:15672996

Carballo, M

2004-12-01

303

Tumor Cell Extravasation Mediated by Leukocyte Adhesion is Shear Rate Dependent on IL-8 Signaling*  

PubMed Central

To complete the metastatic journey, cancer cells have to disseminate through the circulation and extravasate to distal organs. However, the extravasation process, by which tumor cells leave a blood vessel and invade the surrounding tissue from the microcirculation, remains poorly understood at the molecular level. In this study, tumor cell adhesion to the endothelium (EC) and subsequent extravasation were investigated under various flow conditions. Results have shown polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) facilitate melanoma cell adhesion to the EC and subsequent extravasation by a shear-rate dependent mechanism. Melanoma cell-PMN interactions are mediated by the binding between intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on melanoma cells and ?2 integrins on PMNs. In addition, the fluid convection affects the extent of activation of ?2 integrins on PMNs by endogenously secreted interleukin 8 (IL-8) within the tumor microenvironment. Results also indicate that shear rate affects the binding kinetics between PMNs and melanoma cells, which may contribute to the shear-rate dependence of melanoma extravasation in a shear flow when mediated by PMNs. PMID:20379392

Liang, Shile; Hoskins, Meghan; Dong, Cheng

2009-01-01

304

Synovial phenotypes in rheumatoid arthritis correlate with response to biologic therapeutics  

PubMed Central

Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex and clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Currently, the relationship between pathogenic molecular drivers of disease in RA and therapeutic response is poorly understood. Methods We analyzed synovial tissue samples from two RA cohorts of 49 and 20 patients using a combination of global gene expression, histologic and cellular analyses, and analysis of gene expression data from two further publicly available RA cohorts. To identify candidate serum biomarkers that correspond to differential synovial biology and clinical response to targeted therapies, we performed pre-treatment biomarker analysis compared with therapeutic outcome at week 24 in serum samples from 198 patients from the ADACTA (ADalimumab ACTemrA) phase 4 trial of tocilizumab (anti-IL-6R) monotherapy versus adalimumab (anti-TNF?) monotherapy. Results We documented evidence for four major phenotypes of RA synovium – lymphoid, myeloid, low inflammatory, and fibroid - each with distinct underlying gene expression signatures. We observed that baseline synovial myeloid, but not lymphoid, gene signature expression was higher in patients with good compared with poor European league against rheumatism (EULAR) clinical response to anti-TNF? therapy at week 16 (P =0.011). We observed that high baseline serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM1), associated with the myeloid phenotype, and high serum C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13), associated with the lymphoid phenotype, had differential relationships with clinical response to anti-TNF? compared with anti-IL6R treatment. sICAM1-high/CXCL13-low patients showed the highest week 24 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 50 response rate to anti-TNF? treatment as compared with sICAM1-low/CXCL13-high patients (42% versus 13%, respectively, P =0.05) while anti-IL-6R patients showed the opposite relationship with these biomarker subgroups (ACR50 20% versus 69%, P =0.004). Conclusions These data demonstrate that underlying molecular and cellular heterogeneity in RA impacts clinical outcome to therapies targeting different biological pathways, with patients with the myeloid phenotype exhibiting the most robust response to anti-TNF?. These data suggest a path to identify and validate serum biomarkers that predict response to targeted therapies in rheumatoid arthritis and possibly other autoimmune diseases. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01119859 PMID:25167216

2014-01-01

305

Focal adhesion size uniquely predicts cell migration  

PubMed Central

Focal adhesions are large protein complexes organized at the basal surface of cells, which physically connect the extracellular matrix to the cytoskeleton and have long been speculated to mediate cell migration. However, whether clustering of these molecular components into focal adhesions is actually required for these proteins to regulate cell motility is unclear. Here we use quantitative microscopy to characterize descriptors of focal adhesion and cell motility for mouse embryonic fibroblasts and human fibrosarcoma cells, across a wide range of matrix compliance and following genetic manipulations of focal adhesion proteins (vinculin, talin, zyxin, FAK, and paxilin). This analysis reveals a tight, biphasic gaussian relationship between mean size of focal adhesions (not their number, surface density, or shape) and cell speed. The predictive power of this relationship is comprehensively validated by disrupting nonfocal adhesion proteins (?-actinin, F-actin, and myosin II) and subcellular organelles (mitochondria, nuclear DNA, etc.) not known to affect either focal adhesions or cell migration. This study suggests that the mean size of focal adhesions robustly and precisely predicts cell speed independently of focal adhesion surface density and molecular composition.—Kim, D.-H., Wirtz, D. Focal adhesion size uniquely predicts cell migration. PMID:23254340

Kim, Dong-Hwee; Wirtz, Denis

2013-01-01

306

Chitosan Adhesive Films for Photochemical Tissue Bonding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photochemical tissue bonding (PTB) is a promising sutureless technique for tissue repair. PTB is often achieved by applying a solution of rose bengal (RB) between two tissue edges, which are irradiated by a green laser to crosslink collagen fibers with minimal heat production. In this study, RB has been incorporated in chitosan films to create a novel tissue adhesive that is laser-activated. Materials and Methods. Adhesive films, based on chitosan and containing ˜0.1wt% RB were manufactured and bonded to calf intestine by a solid state laser (wavelength = 532 nm, Fluence ˜110 J/cm2, spot size ˜5 mm). A single-column tensiometer, interfaced with a personal computer, tested the bonding strength. K-type thermocouples recorded the temperature (T) at the adhesive-tissue interface during laser irradiation. Human fibroblasts were also seeded on the adhesive and cultured for 48 hours to assess cell growth. Results and Conclusion. The RB-chitosan adhesive bonded firmly to the intestine (15±2 kPa, n = 31). The adhesion strength dropped to 0.5±0.1 kPa (n = 8) when the laser was not applied to the adhesive. The average temperature of the adhesive increased from 26 °C to 32 °C during laser exposure. Fibroblasts grew confluent on the adhesive without morphological changes. A new biocompatible chitosan adhesive has been developed that bonds photochemically to tissue with minimal temperature increase.

Lauto, Antonio; Mawad, Damia; Barton, Matthew; Piller, Sabine C.; Longo, Leonardo

2011-08-01

307

Effects of an energy-restricted diet rich in plant-derived ?-linolenic acid on systemic inflammation and endothelial function in overweight-to-obese patients with metabolic syndrome traits.  

PubMed

Plant-derived ?-linolenic acid (ALA) may reduce the risk of CVD, possibly by decreasing systemic inflammation and improving endothelial function. In the present study, the effects of a hypoenergetic diet rich in ALA (3·4 g/d) on the biomarkers of systemic inflammation and vascular function were investigated in eighty-one overweight-to-obese patients with metabolic syndrome traits in comparison with a hypoenergetic diet low in ALA (0·9 g/d, control). After a 6-month dietary intervention, there were significant decreases in the serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), TNF-?, IL-6, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble endothelial selectin (sE-selectin) and asymmetric dimethylarginine in both dietary groups. However, no inter-group differences were observed for all these changes. The serum concentration of YKL-40 (human cartilage glycoprotein 39 or chitinase-3-like protein 1) decreased after the ALA diet when compared with the control diet (P< 0·05 for time × treatment interaction). Plasma concentrations of fibrinogen did not significantly change in the two dietary groups. The decreases in the serum concentrations of sICAM-1, sE-selectin, CRP and YKL-40 were significantly correlated with the decreases in body fat mass. In conclusion, the present study indicates that in overweight-to-obese patients with metabolic syndrome traits, both vascular function and inflammation are improved during body-weight loss. The high ALA intake led to a more pronounced reduction in the serum concentration of YKL-40 compared with the intake of the low-ALA control diet, indicating the existence of independent favourable physiological effects of ALA during weight loss. PMID:25180479

Egert, Sarah; Baxheinrich, Andrea; Lee-Barkey, Young Hee; Tschoepe, Diethelm; Wahrburg, Ursel; Stratmann, Bernd

2014-10-01

308

Family with Sequence Similarity 5, Member C (FAM5C) Increases Leukocyte Adhesion Molecules in Vascular Endothelial Cells: Implication in Vascular Inflammation  

PubMed Central

Identification of the regulators of vascular inflammation is important if we are to understand the molecular mechanisms leading to atherosclerosis and consequent ischemic heart disease, including acute myocardial infarction. Gene polymorphisms in family with sequence similarity 5, member C (FAM5C) are associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction, but little is known about the function of this gene product in blood vessels. Here, we report that the regulation of the expression and function of FAM5C in endothelial cells. We show here that FAM5C is expressed in endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo. Immunofluorescence microcopy showed localization of FAM5C in the Golgi in cultured human endothelial cells. Immunohistochemistry on serial sections of human coronary artery showed that FAM5C-positive endothelium expressed intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) or vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). In cultured human endothelial cells, the overexpression of FAM5C increased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) activity and the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin mRNAs, resulting in enhanced monocyte adhesion. FAM5C was upregulated in response to inflammatory stimuli, such as TNF-?, in an NF-?B- and JNK-dependent manner. Knockdown of FAM5C by small interfering RNA inhibited the increase in the TNF-?-induced production of ROS, NF-?B activity and expression of these leukocyte adhesion molecule mRNAs, resulting in reduced monocyte adhesion. These results suggest that in endothelial cells, when FAM5C is upregulated in response to inflammatory stimuli, it increases the expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules by increasing ROS production and NF-?B activity. PMID:25251368

Satomi-Kobayashi, Seimi; Hatakeyama, Kinta; Knox, Aaron J.; Asada, Yujiro; Wierman, Margaret E.; Hirata, Ken-ichi; Rikitake, Yoshiyuki

2014-01-01

309

Kinetics of adhesion and de-adhesion of Chlamydomonas gametes.  

PubMed

In medium with low nitrogen content, vegetative strains of the unicellular biflagellate alga Chlamydomonas reinhardi form gametes. Mating type plus (mt+) and mating type minus (mt-) gametes adhere via their flagella to give aggregates in which the gametes eventually fuse to form zygotes. A quantitative assay has now been developed which measures aggregation and fusion by use of a Coulter electronic particle counter to determine loss of single gametes as they form aggregates in suspension. Determination of the rate and extent of cell fusion by microscopy agrees with the results obtained with the more rapid and convenient Coulter counter assay. By use of the assay it was found that aggregation and fusion occur at the same rate and to the same extent at 12 degrees C and 25 degrees C. Flagella from one of the mating types can specifically substitute for the corresponding live gametes; more than 70% of the gametes were aggregated and the extent of aggregation was proportional to the number of flagella added, until the ratio of cells to flagella exceeded 2. At 22 degrees C, in the flagella/gamete mixtures, adhesion was complete in less than 5 min, but at 5 to 10 min, gametes began to de-adhere from the clusters and, depending on the number of flagella added, essentially all of the gametes detached from the aggregates in 10 to 50 min. The gametes in such mixtures were fully competent to aggregate again, whereas the flagella recovered from such mixtures were shown by use of a radioactive flagella-binding assay to be inactive with fresh gametes. Inactivation of the flagella was temperature-dependent, was not catalyzed by soluble factors, and required adhesion of flagella to gametes of the opposite mating type. The potential physiological functions of the de-adhesion process are discussed. PMID:500610

Snell, W J; Roseman, S

1979-11-10

310

Chlorella 11-peptide inhibits the production of macrophage-induced adhesion molecules and reduces endothelin-1 expression and endothelial permeability.  

PubMed

The inflammation process in large vessels involves the up-regulation of vascular adhesion molecules such as endothelial cell selectin (E-selectin), intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) which are also known as the markers of atherosclerosis. We have reported that Chlorella 11-peptide exhibited effective anti-inflammatory effects. This peptide with an amino sequence Val-Glu-Cys-Tyr-Gly-Pro-Asn-Arg-Pro-Gln-Phe was further examined for its potential in preventing atherosclerosis in this study. In particular, the roles of Chlorella 11-peptide in lowering the production of vascular adhesion molecules, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) and expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1) from endothelia (SVEC4-10 cells) were studied. The production of E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and MCP-1 in SVEC4-10 cells was measured with ELISA. The mRNA expression of ET-1 was analyzed by RT-PCR and agarose gel. Results showed that Chlorella 11-peptide significantly suppressed the levels of E-selectin, ICAM, VCAM, MCP-1 as well as ET-1 gene expression. The inhibition of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 production by Chlorella 11-peptide was reversed in the presence of protein kinase A inhibitor (H89) which suggests that the cAMP pathway was involved in the inhibitory cause of the peptide. In addition, this peptide was shown to reduce the extent of increased intercellular permeability induced by combination of 50% of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 cells medium and 50% normal SEVC cell culture medium (referred to as 50% RAW-conditioned medium). These data demonstrate that Chlorella 11-peptide is a promising biomolecule in preventing chronic inflammatory-related vascular diseases. PMID:24129228

Shih, Mei Fen; Chen, Lih Chi; Cherng, Jong Yuh

2013-01-01

311

Mussel-Inspired Adhesives and Coatings  

PubMed Central

Mussels attach to solid surfaces in the sea. Their adhesion must be rapid, strong, and tough, or else they will be dislodged and dashed to pieces by the next incoming wave. Given the dearth of synthetic adhesives for wet polar surfaces, much effort has been directed to characterizing and mimicking essential features of the adhesive chemistry practiced by mussels. Studies of these organisms have uncovered important adaptive strategies that help to circumvent the high dielectric and solvation properties of water that typically frustrate adhesion. In a chemical vein, the adhesive proteins of mussels are heavily decorated with Dopa, a catecholic functionality. Various synthetic polymers have been functionalized with catechols to provide diverse adhesive, sealant, coating, and anchoring properties, particularly for critical biomedical applications. PMID:22058660

Lee, Bruce P.; Messersmith, P.B.; Israelachvili, J.N.; Waite, J.H.

2011-01-01

312

Innate Non-Specific Cell Substratum Adhesion  

PubMed Central

Adhesion of motile cells to solid surfaces is necessary to transmit forces required for propulsion. Unlike mammalian cells, Dictyostelium cells do not make integrin mediated focal adhesions. Nevertheless, they can move rapidly on both hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces. We have found that adhesion to such surfaces can be inhibited by addition of sugars or amino acids to the buffer. Treating whole cells with ?lpha-mannosidase to cleave surface oligosaccharides also reduces adhesion. The results indicate that adhesion of these cells is mediated by van der Waals attraction of their surface glycoproteins to the underlying substratum. Since glycoproteins are prevalent components of the surface of most cells, innate adhesion may be a common cellular property that has been overlooked. PMID:22952588

Loomis, William F.; Fuller, Danny; Gutierrez, Edgar; Groisman, Alex; Rappel, Wouter-Jan

2012-01-01

313

Adhesion and wear resistance of materials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent studies into the nature of bonding at the interface between two solids in contact or a solid and deposited film have provided a better understanding of those properties important to the adhesive wear resistance of materials. Analytical and experimental progress are reviewed. For simple metal systems the adhesive bond forces are related to electronic wave function overlap. With metals in contact with nonmetals, molecular-orbital energy, and density of states, respectively can provide insight into adhesion and wear. Experimental results are presented which correlate adhesive forces measured between solids and the electronic surface structures. Orientation, surface reconstruction, surface segregation, adsorption are all shown to influence adhesive interfacial strength. The interrelationship between adhesion and the wear of the various materials as well as the life of coatings applied to substrates are discussed. Metallic systems addressed include simple metals and alloys and these materials in contact with themselves, both oxide and nonoxide ceramics, diamond, polymers, and inorganic coating compounds, h as diamondlike carbon.

Buckley, D. H.

1986-01-01

314

Sintered conductive adhesives for high temperature packaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing need for high-conductivity and high-temperature stable conductive adhesives in a variety of electronic packaging applications. Void-free bondlines combined with low mechanical stiffness make conductive adhesives an attractive alternative to solders. The majority of conventional silver-filled conductive adhesives, however, have interfacial resistance characteristics that limit their utility in many applications. We report on the development of transient

Matt Wrosch; Arsenia Soriano

2010-01-01

315

Biodegradable polymer adhesives, hybrids and nanomaterials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biodegradable polymeric products and organic-inorganic hybrid materials for a diversity of applications are the two main fields on which this research has been focused. A novel biodegradable adhesive, which mimics marine adhesive proteins, has been synthesized by the covalent incorporation of 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid onto the chitosan backbone. The adhesive strength of these materials varies with the molecular weight of the

Andreas Mylonakis

2008-01-01

316

Science of Friction–Adhesive Joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter addresses the fundamental properties of hybrid friction–adhesive joints which combine any form of mechanical\\u000a tightening (stimulus for friction forces) with anaerobic adhesives. By filling the voids around the microareas of true metal-to-metal\\u000a contact between the mating parts, anaerobic adhesives allow the full area involved by the engagement to be usefully exploited.\\u000a Advantages ranging from sealing action, fretting suppression,

Eugenio Dragoni; Pierfranco Mauri

317

Epstein-Barr Virus-induced Molecule 1 Ligand Chemokine Is Expressed by Dendritic Cells in Lymphoid Tissues and Strongly Attracts Naive T Cells and Activated B Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Movement of T and B lymphocytes through secondary lymphoid tissues is likely to involve multiple cues that help the cells navigate to appropriate compartments. Epstein-Barr virus- induced molecule 1 (EBI-1) ligand chemokine (ELC\\/MIP3 b ) is expressed constitutively within lymphoid tissues and may act as such a guidance cue. Here, we have isolated mouse ELC and characterized its expression

Vu N. Ngo; H. Lucy Tang; Jason G. Cyster

2010-01-01

318

Correlation Between Cyclosporine-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Reduced Nephron Mass and Expression of Kidney Injury Molecule1 and Aquaporin2 Gene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sirolimus (SRL) has been shown to exacerbate cyclosporine (CsA)–induced nephrotoxicity. The expression of the kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is markedly upregulated in the postischemic rat kidney. We sought to correlate drug-induced nephrotoxicity and the expression of KIM-1 and aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) in male PVG rats with 2 kidneys (2K), 1 kidney (1K), and half a kidney (1\\/2K) treated with SRL alone,

M. E. Hong; J. C. Hong; S. Stepkowski; B. D. Kahan

2005-01-01

319

21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.  

21 Food and Drugs 8 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive...5240 Section 880.5240 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL...

2014-04-01

320

21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive...5240 Section 880.5240 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL...

2011-04-01

321

21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive...5240 Section 880.5240 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL...

2012-04-01

322

21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive...5240 Section 880.5240 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL...

2013-04-01

323

21 CFR 880.5240 - Medical adhesive tape and adhesive bandage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Medical adhesive tape and adhesive...5240 Section 880.5240 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL...

2010-04-01

324

Bacterial Adhesion at Synthetic Surfaces  

PubMed Central

A systematic investigation into the effect of surface chemistry on bacterial adhesion was carried out. In particular, a number of physicochemical factors important in defining the surface at the molecular level were assessed for their effect on the adhesion of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. The primary experiments involved the grafting of groups varying in hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, chain length, and chemical functionality onto glass substrates such that the surfaces were homogeneous and densely packed with functional groups. All of the surfaces were found to be chemically well defined, and their measured surface energies varied from 15 to 41 mJ · m?2. Protein adsorption experiments were performed with 3H-labelled bovine serum albumin and cytochrome c prior to bacterial attachment studies. Hydrophilic uncharged surfaces showed the greatest resistance to protein adsorption; however, our studies also showed that the effectiveness of poly(ethyleneoxide) (PEO) polymers was not simply a result of its hydrophilicity and molecular weight alone. The adsorption of the two proteins approximately correlated with short-term cell adhesion, and bacterial attachment for L. monocytogenes and E. coli also correlated with the chemistry of the underlying substrate. However, for S. aureus and S. typhimurium a different pattern of attachment occurred, suggesting a dissimilar mechanism of cell attachment, although high-molecular-weight PEO was still the least-cell-adsorbing surface. The implications of this for in vivo attachment of cells suggest that hydrophilic passivating groups may be the best method for preventing cell adsorption to synthetic substrates provided they can be grafted uniformly and in sufficient density at the surface. PMID:10543814

Cunliffe, D.; Smart, C. A.; Alexander, C.; Vulfson, E. N.

1999-01-01

325

Nucleation and growth of cadherin adhesions  

SciTech Connect

Cell-cell contact formation relies on the recruitment of cadherin molecules and their anchoring to actin. However, the precise chronology of events from initial cadherin trans-interactions to adhesion strengthening is unclear, in part due to the lack of access to the distribution of cadherins within adhesion zones. Using N-cadherin expressing cells interacting with N-cadherin coated surfaces, we characterized the formation of cadherin adhesions at the ventral cell surface. TIRF and RIC microscopies revealed streak-like accumulations of cadherin along actin fibers. FRAP analysis indicated that engaged cadherins display a slow turnover at equilibrium, compatible with a continuous addition and removal of cadherin molecules within the adhesive contact. Association of cadherin cytoplasmic tail to actin as well as actin cables and myosin II activity are required for the formation and maintenance of cadherin adhesions. Using time lapse microscopy we deciphered how cadherin adhesions form and grow. As lamellipodia protrude, cadherin foci stochastically formed a few microns away from the cell margin. Neo-formed foci coalesced aligned and coalesced with preformed foci either by rearward sliding or gap filling to form cadherin adhesions. Foci experienced collapse at the rear of cadherin adhesions. Based on these results, we present a model for the nucleation, directional growth and shrinkage of cadherin adhesions.

Lambert, Mireille [INSERM, U839, Paris, F-75005 (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Paris, Institut du Fer a Moulin, UMR-S0839, Paris, F-75005 (France); Thoumine, Olivier [Universite Bordeaux 2, CNRS, UMR5091, Institut Francois Magendie de Neurosciences, Bordeaux, F-33077 (France); Brevier, Julien [Universite Joseph Fourier, CNRS, UMR5588, Saint-Martin d'Heres, F-38402 (France); Choquet, Daniel [Universite Bordeaux 2, CNRS, UMR5091, Institut Francois Magendie de Neurosciences, Bordeaux, F-33077 (France); Riveline, Daniel [Universite Joseph Fourier, CNRS, UMR5588, Saint-Martin d'Heres, F-38402 (France); Mege, Rene-Marc [INSERM, U839, Paris, F-75005 (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Paris, Institut du Fer a Moulin, UMR-S0839, Paris, F-75005 (France)], E-mail: mege@fer-a-moulin.inserm.fr

2007-11-15

326

Adhesion and rheological properties of EVA-based hot-melt adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers of various melt indexes were blended with aromatic hydrocarbon resin in the molten state, and the thermal and adhesion properties as hot-melt adhesives (HMAs) were investigated. The thermal properties for the EVA blends with aromatic hydrocarbon resin were studied using differential scanning calorimeter, Brookfield viscometer and dynamic mechanical thermal analyzer. Their adhesion strength was also

Young-Jun Park; Hyo-Sook Joo; Hyun-Joong Kim; Young-Kyu Lee

2006-01-01

327

Tissue adhesive using synthetic model adhesive proteins inspired by the marine mussel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The surface free energy and its dispersion and polar components of pigskin were determined by wettability measurements. The contact angles and work of adhesion of solutions of the synthetic model adhesive sequence poly(Gly-Tyr-Lys) inspired by marine adhesive proteins were measured on the epidermis and the dermis of pigskin. Also the surface free energy of pigskin was determined using contact angles

H. Tatehata; A. Mochizuki; K. Ohkawa; M. Yamada; H. Yamamoto

2001-01-01

328

Wettability and Adhesion of Synthetic Marine Adhesive Proteins and Related Model Compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wettability on substrates with low and high surface energies using synthetic marine adhesive proteins and related model compounds containing Lys has been investigated to evaluate the role of individual amino acids together with the sequences in marine adhesive proteins. Among sequential polypeptides, those containing Gly and Lys exhibited higher work of adhesion in four different substrates. The important role of

HIROYUKI YAMAMOTO; TAKAHIRO OGAWA; KOUSAKU OHKAWA

1995-01-01

329

Effect of Inorganic Fillers in Paper on the Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inorganic fillers are inexpensive materials used to increase the density, smoothness and other properties of paper that are important for printing. In the current study, the adhesion of pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs), a common type of adhesive used in labels and tapes, to papers containing varying amounts and types of fillers is investigated. Papers with three types of fillers, precipitated calcium

Weixu Chen; Xiaoyan Tang; John Considine; Kevin T. Turner

2011-01-01

330

Design and fabrication of polymer based dry adhesives inspired by the gecko adhesive system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There has been significant interest in developing dry adhesives mimicking the gecko adhesive system, which offers several advantages compared to conventional pressure sensitive adhesives. Specifically, gecko adhesive pads have anisotropic adhesion properties: the adhesive pads (spatulae) stick strongly when sheared in one direction but are non-adherent when sheared in the opposite direction. This anisotropy property is attributed to the complex topography of the array of fine tilted and curved columnar structures (setae) that bear the spatulae. In this thesis, easy, scalable methods, relying on conventional and unconventional techniques are presented to incorporate tilt in the fabrication of synthetic polymer-based dry adhesives mimicking the gecko adhesive system, which provide anisotropic adhesion properties. In the first part of the study, the anisotropic adhesion and friction properties of samples with various tilt angles to test the validity of a nanoscale tape-peeling model of spatular function are measured. Consistent with the Peel Zone model, samples with lower tilt angles yielded larger adhesion forces. Contact mechanics of the synthetic array were highly anisotropic, consistent with the frictional adhesion model and gecko-like. Based on the original design, a new design of gecko-like dry adhesives was developed which showed superior tribological properties and furthermore showed anisotropic adhesive properties without the need for tilt in the structures. These adhesives can be used to reversibly suspend weights from vertical surfaces (e.g., walls) and, for the first time to our knowledge, horizontal surfaces (e.g., ceilings) by simultaneously and judiciously activating anisotropic friction and adhesion forces. Furthermore, adhesion properties between artificial gecko-inspired dry adhesives and rough substrates with varying roughness are studied. The results suggest that both adhesion and friction forces on a rough substrate depends significantly on the geometrical parameters of the substrate. The results in this study may be helpful for understanding how geckos overcome the influence of natural surface roughness. The novel designs of our dry adhesives open the way for new gecko-like adhesive surfaces and articulation mechanisms that do not rely on intensive nanofabrication.

Jin, Kejia

331

Specific Phosphorylations Transmit Signals from Leukocyte ?2 to ?1 Integrins and Regulate Adhesion.  

PubMed

The regulation of integrins expressed on leukocytes must be controlled precisely, and members of different integrin subfamilies have to act in concert to ensure the proper traffic of immune cells to sites of inflammation. The activation of ?2 family integrins through the T cell receptor or by chemokines leads to the inactivation of very late antigen 4. The mechanism(s) of this cross-talk has not been known. We have now elucidated in detail how the signals are transmitted from leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 and show that, after its activation, the signaling involves specific phosphorylations of ?2 integrin followed by interactions with cytoplasmic signaling proteins. This results in loss of ?1 phosphorylation and a decrease in very late antigen 4 binding to its ligand vascular cell adhesion molecule 1. Our results show how a member of one integrin family regulates the activity of another integrin. This is important for the understanding of integrin-mediated processes. PMID:25278023

Uotila, Liisa M; Jahan, Farhana; Soto Hinojosa, Laura; Melandri, Emiliano; Grönholm, Mikaela; Gahmberg, Carl G

2014-11-14

332

7 CFR 3201.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 3201...Designated Items § 3201.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2013-01-01

333

49 CFR 587.16 - Adhesive bonding procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Adhesive bonding procedure. 587.16 Section...Deformable Barrier § 587.16 Adhesive bonding procedure. Immediately before...these can adversely affect bonding. The adhesive is applied to one...

2012-10-01

334

7 CFR 3201.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 3201...Designated Items § 3201.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2012-01-01

335

7 CFR 2902.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 2902...Designated Items § 2902.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2011-01-01

336

7 CFR 2902.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 2902...Designated Items § 2902.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2010-01-01

337

49 CFR 587.16 - Adhesive bonding procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Adhesive bonding procedure. 587.16 Section...Deformable Barrier § 587.16 Adhesive bonding procedure. Immediately before...these can adversely affect bonding. The adhesive is applied to one...

2011-10-01

338

49 CFR 587.16 - Adhesive bonding procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Adhesive bonding procedure. 587.16 Section...Deformable Barrier § 587.16 Adhesive bonding procedure. Immediately before...these can adversely affect bonding. The adhesive is applied to one...

2013-10-01

339

Interaction and Deformation of Viscoelastic Particles. 2. Adhesive Particles  

E-print Network

Interaction and Deformation of Viscoelastic Particles. 2. Adhesive Particles Phil Attard Ian Wark, 2001. In Final Form: April 30, 2001 Analyzed is the mutual deformation of adhesive particles the particles' adhesion. An analytic

Attard, Phil

340

Genetics Home Reference: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1  

MedlinePLUS

... Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ... April 2014 What is leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1? Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 is a disorder ...

341

Marine mussel adhesion: biochemistry, mechanisms, and biomimetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) is a sessile organism that has unique ability to attach to a wide array of organic and inorganic marine surfaces using its holdfast structures. Strong adhesion to surfaces is essential for mussel survival, movement, and self-defense. Mussel proteins from byssal thread are structural components connecting soft mussel tissues to marine surfaces via an adhesive plaque

Nandika Bandara; Hongbo Zeng; Jianping Wu

2012-01-01

342

Tensile and shear strength of adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This experiment is conducted in a freshman-level course: Introduction to Engineering Materials. There are no prerequisites for the course although students should have some knowledge of basic algebra. The objectives are to tension and shear test adhesives and to determine the tensile and shear properties of adhesives. Details of equipment of procedure are given.

Stibolt, Kenneth A.

1990-01-01

343

Surgical glues: are they really adhesive?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study is to create a standard test to approve the efficacy of a surgical sealant. An industrial test, the bulge-and-blister test, which is very convenient for measuring adhesion energy, is applied to the surgical field to quantify adhesion of bioadhesives. Methods: Samples were composed of two circular layers of equine pericardium glued by the surgical

Bertrand R. M. Perrin; Michel Dupeux; Piergiorgio Tozzi; Dominique Delay; Philippe Gersbach; Ludwig K. von Segesser

2009-01-01

344

Incidence of perihepatic adhesions in ectopic gestation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To compare the incidence of perihepatic adhesions in patients undergoing surgery for ectopic pregnancy with the incidence in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic sterilization. Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome is a perihepatitis that usually occurs as a complication of pelvic inflammatory disease. Perihepatic adhesions may be an aftereffect of the acute hepatic episode, and because the cause of ectopic gestation is thought to

Vaseem Ali; James F Lilja; Alice Z Chuang; Ratnasri V Mogallapu; Eric Sabonghy

1998-01-01

345

Adhesive Loose Packings of Small Particles  

E-print Network

We explore adhesive loose packings of dry small spherical particles of micrometer size using 3D discrete-element simulations with adhesive contact mechanics. A dimensionless adhesion parameter ($Ad$) successfully combines the effects of particle velocities, sizes and the work of adhesion, identifying a universal regime of adhesive packings for $Ad>1$. The structural properties of the packings in this regime are well described by an ensemble approach based on a coarse-grained volume function that includes correlations between bulk and contact spheres. Our theoretical and numerical results predict: (i) An equation of state for adhesive loose packings that appears as a continuation from the frictionless random close packing (RCP) point in the jamming phase diagram; (ii) The existence of a maximal loose packing point at the coordination number $Z=2$ and packing fraction $\\phi=1/2^{3}$. Our results highlight that adhesion leads to a universal packing regime at packing fractions much smaller than the random loose packing, which can be described within a statistical mechanical framework. We present a general phase diagram of jammed matter comprising frictionless, frictional, adhesive as well as non-spherical particles, providing a classification of packings in terms of their continuation from the spherical frictionless RCP.

Wenwei Liu; Shuiqing Li; Adrian Baule; Hernán A. Makse

2014-10-08

346

Leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive receptors.  

PubMed

The first step in leukocyte localization at inflammatory foci is their adhesion to the endothelial surface. This is a complex process mediated by several adhesive molecules expressed both on the leukocyte and endothelial membrane. In the early phases of inflammation, leukocytes transiently adhere to the vessel wall in a process termed "rolling". Rolling of leukocytes is mediated by a family of adhesive molecules called selectins, expressed both on the leukocyte and endothelial surface. Other adhesive molecules and chemotactic agents act in a complementary way, with selectins stabilizing polymorphonuclear cell adhesion and mediating their transendothelial migration into the inflamed foci. In particular, leukocyte beta 2 integrins present on the leukocyte membrane, binding to two adhesive immunoglobulins (ICAM-1 and ICAM-2) on the endothelial surface. Monocytes and lymphocytes also express the integrin VLA-4 (alpha 4 beta 1) which is the ligand of the immunoglobulin VCAM-1 on endothelial cells. It is still unknown how leukocytes can migrate through the inter-endothelial junctions. An interesting possibility is that leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells could trigger intracellular signals that in turn can mediate junction disassembly. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms at the basis of leukocyte adhesion to the vessel wall and of their infiltration into the inflamed area could help to develop specific antagonists and a more targeted therapy for inflammatory diseases. PMID:7955623

Dejana, E; Breviario, F; Caveda, L

1994-01-01

347

Cellulose Graft Copolymers for Potential Adhesive Applications  

E-print Network

Chapter 24 Cellulose Graft Copolymers for Potential Adhesive Applications Bonding of Plastics covalent bonds to the graft polymer backbone. The net result of this improved adhesion is a finer Resources Purdue University West Lafayette, IN 47907 Bonding of hydrophobic plastic materials to wood

Narayan, Ramani

348

Wood Structure and Adhesive Bond Strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the literature on the bonding of wood and other lignocellulosic materials has concentrated on traditional adhesion theories. This has led to misconceptions because wood is a porous material on both the macroscopic and microscopic levels. A better understanding of wood bonding can be developed by investigating the theories of adhesion and bond strength, taking into consideration the unusual

Charles R. Frihart

349

Polysaccharide exopolymer adhesives from periphytic marine bacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

—Periphytic micro-organisms frequently adhere to marine surfaces via the synthesis of polysaccharide exopolymer. For one such polysaccharide adhesive viscous exopolymer (PAVE), synthesized by Alteromonas colwelliana LST, production and purification were optimized and properties characterized. Maximum PAVE yields and best adhesiveness were obtained from cells harvested during the late logarithmic phase of growth in rich brain-heart infusion medium. The polymer was

Michael P. Labare; Kim Guthrie; Ronald M. Weiner

1989-01-01

350

Effect of enhanced external counterpulsation on inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules in patients with angina pectoris and angiographic coronary artery disease.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular disease is associated with chronic low-level inflammation, as evidenced by elevated circulating proinflammatory cytokines. Experimental evidence suggests that inflammation can be suppressed under conditions of high shear stress. This study was conducted to examine the effects of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP), a noninvasive therapy that increases endothelial shear stress, on circulating levels of inflammatory biomarkers and adhesion molecules in patients with angina pectoris. Twenty-one patients were randomly assigned to either 35 1-hour treatments at cuff pressures of 300 mm Hg (EECP; n=12) or 75 mm Hg (sham; n=9). Plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were measured before and after 35 1-hour sessions of treatment or sham. Patients in the EECP group demonstrated reductions in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (6.9+/-2.7 vs 4.9+/-2.5 pg/ml, p<0.01; -29%) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (254.9+/-55.9 vs 190.4+/-47.6 pg/ml, p<0.01; -19%) after treatment, whereas there was no change in the sham group. Changes in soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were not observed in either group. In conclusion, 35 sessions of EECP decreased circulating levels of proinflammatory biomarkers in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease. PMID:18237588

Casey, Darren P; Conti, C Richard; Nichols, Wilmer W; Choi, Calvin Y; Khuddus, Matheen A; Braith, Randy W

2008-02-01

351

IRF-1 regulates alternative mRNA splicing of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) in breast epithelial cells generating an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) containing isoform  

PubMed Central

Background Interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) is a master regulator of IFN-? induced gene transcription. Previously we have shown that IRF-1 transcriptionally induces CEACAM1 via an ISRE (Interferon-Stimulated Response Element) in its promoter. CEACAM1 pre-mRNA undergoes extensive alternative splicing (AS) generating isoforms to produce either a short (S) cytoplasmic domain expressed primarily in epithelial cells or as an ITIM-containing long (L) isoform in immune cells. Methods The transcriptional and molecular mechanism of CEACAM1 minigenes AS containing promoter ISREs mutations in the breast epithelial, MDA-MB-468, cell line was detected using flow cytometry. In addition, transcriptome sequencing was utilized to determine whether IRF-1 could direct the AS of other genes as well. Tumor xenografts were used to evaluate CEACAM1 isoform expression on the leading edge of breast tumor cells. Results In the present study, we provide evidence that CEACAM1’s promoter and variable exon 7 cross-talk allowing IRF-1 to direct AS events. Transcriptome sequencing shows that IRF-1 can also induce the global AS of genes involved in regulation of growth and differentiation as well as genes of the cytokine family. Furthermore, MDA-MB-468 cells grown as tumor xenografts exhibit an AS switch to the L-isoform of CEACAM1, demonstrating that an in vivo inflammatory milieu is also capable of generating the AS switch, similar to that found in human breast cancers Mol Cancer 7:46, 2008. Conclusions The novel AS regulatory activities attributed to IRF-1 indicate that the IFN-? response involves a global change in both gene transcription and AS in breast epithelial cells. PMID:24650050

2014-01-01

352

Fatigue behavior of adhesively bonded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fatigue damage mechanism of composite to composite adhesively bonded joints was characterized. The mechanics of the possible modes of fatigue damage propagation in these joints when subjected to constant amplitude cyclic mechanical loading were investigated. The possible failure modes in composite bonded joints may be cyclic debonding (i.e., progressive separation of the adhesive), interlaminar damage (delamination), adherend fatigue or a combination of these. Two composite systems - graphite/epoxy adhesively bonded to graphite/epoxy and Kevlar 49/epoxy adhesively bonded to Kevlar 49/epoxy were investigated. Both composite systems consisted of quasi-isotropic lay-ups, i.e., 0 deg/-45 deg/+45 deg/90 degs. The two adhesives, employed in the study were (1) EC 3445 with cure temperature of 250 F for secondary bonding and (2) FM 300 with cure temperature of 350 F for co-cure bonding.

Mall, S.

1983-01-01

353

Controllable adhesion using field-activated fluids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate that field-responsive magnetorheological fluids can be used for variable-strength controllable adhesion. The adhesive performance is measured experimentally in tensile tests (a.k.a. probe-tack experiments) in which the magnetic field is provided by a cylindrical permanent magnet. Increasing the magnetic field strength induces higher peak adhesive forces. We hypothesize that the adhesion mechanism arises from the shear resistance of a yield stress fluid in a thin gap. This hypothesis is supported by comparing the experimentally measured adhesive performance to the response predicted by a lubrication model for a non-Newtonian fluid with a field-dependent yield stress. The model predictions are in agreement with experimental data up to moderate field strengths. Above a critical magnetic field strength the model over-predicts the experimentally measured values indicating non-ideal conditions such as local fluid dewetting from the surface.

Ewoldt, Randy H.; Tourkine, Piotr; McKinley, Gareth H.; Hosoi, A. E.

2011-07-01

354

Distribution of cell adhesion molecules on CD56++, CD3-, CD16- large granular lymphocytes and endothelial cells in first-trimester human decidua.  

PubMed

Human decidua exhibits a unique infiltrate of large granular lymphocytes (LGL) with a natural killer (NK) cell phenotype (CD56++, CD16-, CD3-). The mechanisms underlying the binding of circulating LGL to vascular endothelium in the decidua and their migration into the decidual stroma were investigated immunohistochemically in first-trimester decidua with antibodies against endothelial adhesion molecules and their counter-receptors on leukocytes. Decidual and peripheral blood LGL were also investigated by flow cytometry. In the immunohistochemical investigations, moderate to large numbers of lymphoid cells in the decidua were found to express the alpha 4 and alpha L integrin subunits, platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). PECAM and ICAM-1 were found on the endothelium of large numbers of decidual blood vessels of all types. Vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM), however, was found on the endothelium of only small to moderate numbers of arterioles and venules and a few capillaries, the latter being the main site of migration of leukocytes into the stroma. Weak staining for endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule (ELAM) was seen only in a moderate number of blood vessels. Flow cytometry revealed expression of the alpha L integrin subunit by 72 +/- 10% and 97 +/- 3% of decidual and peripheral blood CD56+ LGL, respectively, of the alpha 4 integrin subunit by 85 +/- 7% and 90 +/- 5%, of PECAM by 40 +/- 12% and 30 +/- 15%, and of ICAM-1 by 22 +/- 10% and 1 +/- 1%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7691868

Marzusch, K; Ruck, P; Geiselhart, A; Handgretinger, R; Dietl, J A; Kaiserling, E; Horny, H P; Vince, G; Redman, C W

1993-08-01

355

Morphology and genesis of asymmetric adhesion warts—a new adhesion surface structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adhesion surface structures have been studied during their formation on a fluvial bar in East Greenland. Two main types occurred: adhesion ripples and asymmetric adhesion warts. Adhesion ripples formed on moist surfaces; their crests lay transverse to the wind direction and they migrated by trapping dry wind-blown sand on their steep fronts. Asymmetric adhesion warts (new structure) formed because of falling moisture content by preferred upwind migration of small protuberances on the adhesion ripples. The protuberances were apparently inherited from an initial rain sculpturing of the bar surface. The asymmetric adhesion warts, here described for the first time, were elongate parallel to the wind, associated with steep upwind-facing fronts and commonly displayed sand-shadow tails tapering in a downwind direction. A study of Devonian flood-basin deposits (Hornelen Basin, Norway) revealed the existence of adhesion surface structures very similar to their modern analogues. The Devonian examples were associated with rain-sculptured surfaces which are believed to have controlled the morphology of the adhesion surface structures as in the modern example. The orientation of the ancient adhesion surface structures is here used for determination of the palaeowind, which blew from the ENE.

Olsen, Henrik; Due, Poul H.; Clemmensen, Lars B.

1989-02-01

356

Adhesion in ceramics and magnetic media  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When a ceramic is brought into contact with a metal or a polymeric material such as a magnetic medium, strong bonds form between the materials. For ceramic-to-metal contacts, adhesion and friction are strongly dependent on the ductility of the metals. Hardness of metals plays a much more important role in adhesion and friction than does the surface energy of metals. Adhesion, friction, surface energy, and hardness of a metal are all related to its Young's modulus and shear modulus, which have a marked dependence on the electron configuration of the metal. An increase in shear modulus results in a decrease in area of contact that is greater than the corresponding increase in surface energy (the fond energy) with shear modulus. Consequently, the adhesion and friction decrease with increasing shear modulus. For ceramics in contact with polymeric magnetic tapes, environment is extremely important. For example, a nitrogen environment reduces adhesion and friction when ferrite contacts polymeric tape, whereas a vacuum environment strengthens the ferrite-to-tape adhesion and increases friction. Adhesion and friction are strongly dependent on the particle loading of the tape. An increase in magnetic particle concentration increases the complex modulus of the tape, and a lower real area of contact and lower friction result.

Miyoshi, Kazuhisa

1989-01-01

357

Adhesion anisotropy between contacting electrospun fibers.  

PubMed

The mechanical properties of electrospun fiber networks are critical in a range of applications from filtration to tissue engineering and are dependent on the adhesion between contacting fibers within the network. This adhesion is complex as electrospun networks exhibit a variety of contacts, including both cross-cylinder and parallel fiber configurations. In situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to quantify the work of adhesion between a pair of individual electrospun polyamide fibers using controlled orientations and measurable contact areas. The work of adhesion was found to depend strongly on the fiber-fiber contact, with the separation of fibers in a parallel fiber configuration exhibiting considerably higher work of adhesion across a range of contact lengths than a cross-cylinder configuration. Our work therefore highlights direction-dependent adhesion behavior between electrospun fibers due to a suggested polymer chain orientation mechanism which increases net van der Waals interactions and indicates the variability of adhesion within a random electrospun fiber network. PMID:24845626

Stachewicz, Urszula; Hang, Fei; Barber, Asa H

2014-06-17

358

Adhesion of Dental Materials to Tooth Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The understanding and proper application of the principles of adhesion has brought forth a new paradigm in the realm of esthetic dentistry. Modern restorative tooth procedures can now conserve the remaining tooth-structure and also provide for the strengthening of the tooth. Adhesive restorative techniques call for the application and curing of the dental adhesive at the interface between the tooth tissue and the filling material. Hence the success of the restoration depends largely on the integrity of this interface. The mechanism of adhesion of the bonding materials to the dental hard tissue will be discussed in this paper. There are four main steps that occur during the application of the dental adhesive to the oral hard tissues: 1) The first step is the creation of a microstructure in the tooth enamel or dentin by means of an acidic material. This can be through the application of a separate etchant or can be accomplished in situ by the adhesive/primer. This agent has to be effective in removing or modifying the proteinaceous “smear” layer, which would otherwise act as a weak boundary layer on the surface to be bonded. 2) The primer/adhesive must then be able to wet and penetrate the microstructure created in the tooth. Since the surface energies of etched enamel and that of etched dentin are different finding one material to prime both types of dental tissues can be quite challenging. 3) The ionomer types of materials, particularly those that are carboxylate ion-containing, can chemically bond with the calcium ions of the hydroxyapatite mineral. 4) Polymerization in situ allows for micromechanical interlocking of the adhesive. The importance of having the right mechanical properties of the cured adhesive layer and its role in absorbing and dissipating stresses encountered by a restored tooth will also be discussed.

Mitra, Sumita B.

2000-03-01

359

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

SciTech Connect

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01

360

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOEpatents

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-09-08

361

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOEpatents

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-08-25

362

Role of Surface Tension in Magnetorheological Adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetorheological (MR) fluids are colloidal suspensions of magnetizable particles that show an increment the yield stress and in the apparent viscosity in the presence of a magnetic field. It has been shown previously that MR fluids can be used for field-controlled static adhesion to non magnetic surfaces. Here we demonstrate the important role the surface tension plays in this adhesion effect (for a low viscosity carrier fluid) and that the adhesive property is not related to the field-dependent yield stress.

Orellana, Carlos; Jaeger, Heinrich

2013-03-01

363

Weld bonding of titanium with polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conductive adhesive primer and a capillary flow adhesive were developed for weld bonding titanium alloy joints. Both formulations contained ingredients considered to be non-carcinogenic. Lap-shear joint test specimens and stringer-stiffened panels were weld bonded using a capillary flow process to apply the adhesive. Static property information was generated for weld bonded joints over the temperature range of 219K (-65 F) to 561K (550 F). The capillary flow process was demonstrated to produce weld bonded joints of equal strength to the weld through weld bonding process developed previously.

Vaughan, R. W.; Sheppard, C. H.; Orell, M. K.

1975-01-01

364

International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives 25 (2005) 502506 Effects of adhesive type and polystyrene concentration on the shear  

E-print Network

of solvent bonding. However, if the PS surface is sufficiently abraded and solvent cleaned, polyurethane evaluated the lap-shear strength of commonly used adhesives on abraded but otherwise untreated surfaces

365

HOXA9 Methylation by PRMT5 Is Essential for Endothelial Cell Expression of Leukocyte Adhesion Molecules  

PubMed Central

The induction of proinflammatory proteins in stimulated endothelial cells (EC) requires activation of multiple transcription programs. The homeobox transcription factor HOXA9 has an important regulatory role in cytokine induction of the EC-leukocyte adhesion molecules (ELAM) E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1). However, the mechanism underlying stimulus-dependent activation of HOXA9 is completely unknown. Here, we elucidate the molecular mechanism of HOXA9 activation by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?) and show an unexpected requirement for arginine methylation by protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5). PRMT5 was identified as a TNF-?-dependent binding partner of HOXA9 by mass spectrometry. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated depletion of PRMT5 abrogated stimulus-dependent HOXA9 methylation with concomitant loss in E-selectin or VCAM-1 induction. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that PRMT5 is recruited to the E-selectin promoter following transient HOXA9 binding to its cognate recognition sequence. PRMT5 induces symmetric dimethylation of Arg140 on HOXA9, an event essential for E-selectin induction. In summary, PRMT5 is a critical coactivator component in a newly defined, HOXA9-containing transcription complex. Moreover, stimulus-dependent methylation of HOXA9 is essential for ELAM expression during the EC inflammatory response. PMID:22269951

Bandyopadhyay, Smarajit; Harris, Daniel P.; Adams, Gregory N.; Lause, Gregory E.; McHugh, Anne; Tillmaand, Emily G.; Money, Angela; Willard, Belinda; Fox, Paul L.

2012-01-01

366

Circulating Biomarkers of Inflammation, Antioxidant Activity, and Platelet Activation Are Associated with Primary Combustion Aerosols in Subjects with Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Biomarkers of systemic inflammation have been associated with risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Objectives We aimed to clarify associations of particulate matter (PM) air pollution with systemic inflammation using models based on size-fractionated PM mass and markers of primary and secondary aerosols. Methods We followed a panel of 29 nonsmoking elderly subjects with a history of coronary artery disease (CAD) living in retirement communities in the Los Angeles, California, air basin. Blood plasma biomarkers were measured weekly over 12 weeks and included C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) and its soluble receptor-II (sTNF-RII), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and its soluble receptor (IL-6sR), fibrin D-dimer, soluble platelet selectin (sP-selectin), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). To assess changes in antioxidant capacity, we assayed erythrocyte lysates for glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) and copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) activities. We measured indoor and outdoor home daily size-fractionated PM mass, and hourly pollutant gases, total particle number (PN), fine PM elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC), estimated secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and primary OC (OCpri) from total OC, and black carbon (BC). We analyzed data with mixed models controlling for temperature and excluding weeks with infections. Results We found significant positive associations for CRP, IL-6, sTNF-RII, and sP-selectin with outdoor and/or indoor concentrations of quasi-ultrafine PM ? 0.25 ?m in diameter, EC, OCpri, BC, PN, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide from the current-day and multiday averages. We found consistent positive but largely nonsignificant coefficients for TNF-?, sVCAM-1, and sICAM-1, but not fibrinogen, IL-6sR, or D-dimer. We found inverse associations for erythrocyte Cu,Zn-SOD with these pollutants and other PM size fractions (0.25–2.5 and 2.5–10 ?m). Inverse associations of GPx-1 and MPO with pollutants were largely nonsignificant. Indoor associations were often stronger for estimated indoor EC, OCpri, and PN of outdoor origin than for uncharacterized indoor measurements. There was no evidence for positive associations with SOA. Conclusions Results suggest that traffic emission sources of OCpri and quasi-ultrafine particles lead to increased systemic inflammation and platelet activation and decreased antioxidant enzyme activity in elderly people with CAD. PMID:18629312

Delfino, Ralph J.; Staimer, Norbert; Tjoa, Thomas; Polidori, Andrea; Arhami, Mohammad; Gillen, Daniel L.; Kleinman, Micheal T.; Vaziri, Nosratola D.; Longhurst, John; Zaldivar, Frank; Sioutas, Constantinos

2008-01-01

367

Nonangled anisotropic elastomeric dry adhesives with tailorable normal adhesion strength and high directionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present how direction-sensitive biomimetic dry adhesives made from poly(dimethylsiloxane) may be tailored directly with standard lithographic techniques without requirements for angled fibers or caps. Specifically, it is possible to alter both 90° pull-off adhesion strength and directionality solely through the control over precise cap dimensions and offset, and the improved or reduced adhesion strength is determined primarily by the

Dan Sameoto; Helia Sharif; Juan Pablo Díaz Téllez; Brendan Ferguson; Carlo Menon

2012-01-01

368

A Method for Measuring the Adhesion Strength of Marine Mussels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marine mussels produce a byssal adhesive assembly for attachment to surfaces in the marine environment. The byssus is characterized by an array of adhesive plaques, each attached to threads that are anchored inside the animal. Here we describe a rapid method for determining detachment force, area, and overall adhesion of mussel plaques. Adhesion forces for mussels attached to glass, aluminum,

Jeremy R. Burkett; Jessica L. Wojtas; Joshua L. Cloud; Jonathan J. Wilker

2009-01-01

369

Dismantlement studies of dismantlable polyurethane adhesive by controlling thermal property  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigated the design of dismantlable polyurethane adhesives and dismantling method. To study the dismantlement property of dismantlable polyurethane adhesive by controlling thermal property, we synthesized polyurethane adhesive with various hard segment contents and used thermally expansive microcapsules. The dismantlement of bonded adherend was caused by the expansion of the adhesive layer with the expansion of the thermally expansive

Dongho Kim; Ildoo Chung; Guni Kim

2012-01-01

370

ADHESIVE DISBOND MONITORING WITH MICROSTRUCTURED OPTICAL FIBER BRAGG GRATING SENSORS  

E-print Network

bond, structural health monitoring, disbond monitoring. INTRODUCTION Adhesive bonding is becoming appearance. However, industry remains hesitant to rely entirely on adhesive bonds, and at present adhesive technique is currently available to evaluate the manufacturing quality of an adhesive bond or to monitor its

Boyer, Edmond

371

Tuning the kinetics of cadherin adhesion  

PubMed Central

Cadherins are Ca2+ dependent cell-cell adhesion proteins that maintain the structural integrity of the epidermis; their principle function is to resist mechanical force. This review summarizes the biophysical mechanisms by which classical cadherins tune adhesion and withstand mechanical stress. We first relate the structure of classical cadherins to their equilibrium binding properties. We then review the role of mechanical perturbations in tuning the kinetics of cadherin adhesion. In particular, we highlight recent studies which show that cadherins form three types of adhesive bonds: catch bonds which become longer lived and lock in the presence of tensile force, slip bonds which become shorter lived when pulled and ideal bonds that are insensitive to tugging. PMID:23812234

Sivasankar, Sanjeevi

2013-01-01

372

Micropatterning cell adhesion on polyacrylamide hydrogels.  

PubMed

Cell shape and substrate rigidity play critical roles in regulating cell behaviors and fate. Controlling cell shape on elastic adhesive materials holds great promise for creating a physiologically relevant culture environment for basic and translational research and clinical applications. However, it has been technically challenging to create high-quality adhesive patterns on compliant substrates. We have developed an efficient and economical method to create precise micron-scaled adhesive patterns on the surface of a hydrogel (Rape et al., Biomaterials 32:2043-2051, 2011). This method will facilitate the research on traction force generation, cellular mechanotransduction, and tissue engineering, where precise controls of both materials rigidity and adhesive patterns are important. PMID:23955741

Zhang, Jian; Guo, Wei-Hui; Rape, Andrew; Wang, Yu-Li

2013-01-01

373

Cyclic Fatigue Behavior of Adhesive Joints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The work has progressed well and we have: (1) Developed an automatic data acquisition method; (2) Determined the compliance of the specimen, both experimentally and theoretically; (3) Measured the static adhesive fracture energy, G sub c; and, (4) Measure...

A. J. Kinloch, M. Fernando, P. Lam

1993-01-01

374

Ins and Outs of Microbial Adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbial adhesion is generally a complex process, involving multiple adhesins on a single microbe and their respective target receptors on host cells. In some situations, various adhesins of a microbe may co-operate in an apparently hierarchical and sequential manner whereby the first adhesive event triggers the target cell to express receptors for additional microbial adhesins. In other instances, adhesins may act in concert leading to high avidity interactions, often a prelude to cellular invasion and tissue penetration. Mechanisms used to target the host include both lectin-like interactions and protein-protein interactions; the latter are often highly specific for the host or a tissue within the host. This reflective chapter aims to offer a point of view on microbial adhesion by presenting some experiences and thoughts especially related to respiratory pathogens and explore if there can be any future hope of controlling bacterial infections via preventing adhesion or invasion stages of microbial pathogenesis.

Virji, Mumtaz

375

Preventing MIC through microbial adhesion inhibition  

SciTech Connect

The key to the alteration of conditions at a metal surface before the initiation of microbially induced corrosion (MIC) is the formation of a biofilm. Thus, prevention of bacterial adhesion processes on metal surfaces would be one of the potential weapons to avoid MIC. Serum globulin and by-products were used to prevent bacterial adhesion on different corrosion resistant metal surfaces generally used as implantable biomaterials. In this paper an immunoglobulin combination (IgA, IgG and IgM) has been used to prevent the formation of Pseudomonas fluorescens (P.fluorescens) biofilms on carbon steel and two different types of stainless steel (SS). A marked inhibition of bacterial adhesion was found under different experimental conditions. Several microscopic techniques were used for assessing adhesion inhibition while the electrochemical behavior of the steels was evaluated by means of different electrochemical techniques applied in the presence and in the absence of the immunoglobulins.

Videla, H.A. [Univ. of La Plata (Argentina). Dept. of Chemistry; Guiamet, P.S.; Gomez de Saravia, S.G. [INIFTA, La Plata (Argentina). Bioelectrochemistry Section

1998-12-31

376

Adhesion and deformation of block copolymer blends  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have investigated the microstructure and the rheological, tensile and adhesive properties of blends based on high molecular weight styrene-isoprene-styrene triblocks, styrene-isoprene diblocks and a low molecular weight hydrocarbon resin miscible with the isoprene phase. These blends are model systems for a family of materials used as soft self-adhesives tapes and labels. Pure copolymer and blend films were prepared from

Costantino Creton

2003-01-01

377

Alternative Castor Oil-Based Polyurethane Adhesive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plywood is normally produced with urea-formaldehyde and\\/or phenol-formaldehyde adhesives. However, the former is considerably toxic and environmentally damaging, while the latter is expen- sive, thus motivating the search for alternative raw materials in plywood production. The castor oil- based polyurethane adhesive developed at the São Carlos Institute of Chemistry, University of São Paulo, is an environmentally friendly vegetal oil-based polymer

Fabricio Moura Dias; Francisco Antonio Rocco Lahr

378

Comparative analysis of a wood: adhesive bondline  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wood–adhesive interface was analyzed using five methods with the objective of quantitatively assessing penetration of\\u000a adhesive into the porous wood network. Methods included fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, backscatter\\u000a electron imaging, wavelength dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray microtomography (XMT). Each method provided a visual inspection,\\u000a and all of the analysis methods were applied to the same field of view. XMT

G. Modzel; F. A. Kamke; F. De Carlo

2011-01-01

379

Single-step adhesives are permeable membranes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study tested the hypotheses that micro-tensile bond strengths of all currently available single-step adhesives to dentine are adversely affected by delayed activation of a light-cured composite, and that such a phenomenon only occurs in the presence of water from the substrate side of the bonded interface.Methods. In experiment I, a control three-step adhesive (All-Bond 2, Bisco) and six

Franklin R Tay; David H Pashley; Byoung I Suh; Ricardo M Carvalho; Anut Itthagarun

2002-01-01

380

Peptide mimics of marine mussel adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marine organisms such as the common blue mussel ( Mytilus edulis) affix themselves to surfaces by producing a protein-based glue. The soluble precursor protein of this biomaterial contains high levels of the unusual amino acid 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and cross-links into a hardened matrix for adhesion. Interesting properties of this adhesive include a transition metal (e.g., iron, zinc, copper, manganese) content

Mary J Sever

2005-01-01

381

Cryogenic adhesives and sealants: Abstracted publications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Abstracts of primary documents containing original experimental data on the properties of adhesives and sealants at cryogenic temperatures are presented. The most important references mentioned in each document are cited. In addition, a brief annotation is given for documents considered secondary in nature, such as republications or variations of original reports, progress reports leading to final reports included as primary documents, and experimental data on adhesive properties at temperatures between about 130 K and room temperature.

Williamson, F. R.; Olien, N. A.

1977-01-01

382

Smooth Vertical Surface Climbing With Directional Adhesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stickybot is a bio-inspired robot that climbs smooth vertical surfaces such as glass, plastic and ceramic tile at 4 cm\\/s. The robot employs several design principles adapted from the gecko including a hierarchy of compliant structures, directional adhesion, and control of tangential contact forces to achieve control of adhesion. We describe the design and fabrication methods used to created under-actuated,

Sangbae Kim; Matthew Spenko; Salomon Trujillo; Barrett Heyneman; Daniel Santos; Mark R. Cutkosky

2008-01-01

383

Fundamental study of electrically conductive adhesives (ECAs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variations of volume resistivity of three electrically conductive adhesives (Ag-filled epoxy, Ag-filled cyanate ester, and Ni-filled epoxy) during 85°C\\/85%RH aging were studied. Volume resistivity of the two Ag-filled ECAs decreased slightly at the beginning of aging and then remained stable. However, the volume resistivity of the Ni-filled epoxy increased substantially. Joint resistance variations of these conductive adhesives with different metals

C. P. Wong; D. Lu; L. Meyers; Q. K. Tong

1997-01-01

384

Shear adhesion strength of aligned electrospun nanofibers.  

PubMed

Inspiration from nature such as insects' foot hairs motivates scientists to fabricate nanoscale cylindrical solids that allow tens of millions of contact points per unit area with material substrates. In this paper, we present a simple yet robust method for fabricating directionally sensitive shear adhesive laminates. By using aligned electrospun nylon-6, we create dry adhesives, as a succession of our previous work on measuring adhesion energies between two single free-standing electrospun polymer fibers in cross-cylinder geometry, randomly oriented membranes and substrate, and peel forces between aligned fibers and substrate. The synthetic aligned cylindrical solids in this study are electrically insulating and show a maximal Mode II shear adhesion strength of 27 N/cm(2) on a glass slide. This measured value, for the purpose of comparison, is 270% of that reported from gecko feet. The Mode II shear adhesion strength, based on a commonly known "dead-weight" test, is 97-fold greater than the Mode I (normal) adhesion strength of the same. The data indicate a strong shear binding on and easy normal lifting off. Anisotropic adhesion (Mode II/Mode I) is pronounced. The size and surface boundary effects, crystallinity, and bending stiffness of fibers are used to understand these electrospun nanofibers, which vastly differ from otherwise known adhesive technologies. The anisotropic strength distribution is attributed to a decreasing fiber diameter and an optimized laminate thickness, which, in turn, influences the bending stiffness and solid-state "wettability" of points of contact between nanofibers and surface asperities. PMID:25105533

Najem, Johnny F; Wong, Shing-Chung; Ji, Guang

2014-09-01

385

Bacterial adhesion on PEG modified polyurethane surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polyurethane surface was modified with poly(ethylene glycol) (mol. wt. 1000, PEG1k) carrying terminal hydroxyl, amino and sulfonate groups, poly(ethylene glucol) (mol. wt. 3350, PEG3.4k) and PEG3.4k-Heparin, respectively. These surfaces were investigatted for bacterial adhesion using S. epidermidis and E. coli in tryptic soya broth (TSB), brain heart infusion (BHI), and human plasma. All PEG modified surfaces reduced bacterial adhesion significantly

Ki Dong Park; Young Soo Kim; Dong Keun Han; Young Ha Kim; Eun Hee Bae Lee; Hwal Suh; Kyu Suk Choi

1998-01-01

386

Nanocomposites of Polyaniline as Conductive Adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrically conductive adhesives are emerging as the best possible alternative to traditional tin\\/lead soldering. In this work polyaniline (PANI) as powder and as nano-fibres was introduced as filler into epoxy\\/anhydride matrix to produce isotropic conductive adhesives (ICAs). PANI nano-fibres show uniform dispersion and thus percolation threshold is low. Uniformity and smaller size of nano-fibres help in formation of a strong

Irfan Ahmad Mir; D. Kumar

2011-01-01

387

Design guidelines for hybrid microcircuits; organic adhesives for hybrid microcircuits  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The properties of organic adhesives were studied to acquire an adequate information base to generate a guideline document for the selection of adhesives for use in high reliability hybrid microcircuits. Specific areas covered include: (1) alternate methods for determining the outgassing of cured adhesives; (2) effects of long term aging at 150C on the electrical properties of conductive adhesives; (3) effects of shelf life age on adhesive characteristics; (4) bond strengths of electrically conductive adhesives on thick film gold metallization, (5) a copper filled adhesive; (6) effects of products outgassed from cured adhesives on device electrical parameters; (7) metal migration from electrically conductive adhesives; and (8) ionic content of electrically insulative adhesives. The tests performed during these investigations are described, and the results obtained are discussed in detail.

Perkins, K. L.; Licari, J. J.

1975-01-01

388

Single-molecule mechanics of mussel adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The glue proteins secreted by marine mussels bind strongly to virtually all inorganic and organic surfaces in aqueous environments in which most adhesives function poorly. Studies of these functionally unique proteins have revealed the presence of the unusual amino acid 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine (dopa), which is formed by posttranslational modification of tyrosine. However, the detailed binding mechanisms of dopa remain unknown, and the chemical basis for mussels' ability to adhere to both inorganic and organic surfaces has never been fully explained. Herein, we report a single-molecule study of the substrate and oxidation-dependent adhesive properties of dopa. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements of a single dopa residue contacting a wet metal oxide surface reveal a surprisingly high strength yet fully reversible, noncovalent interaction. The magnitude of the bond dissociation energy as well as the inability to observe this interaction with tyrosine suggests that dopa is critical to adhesion and that the binding mechanism is not hydrogen bond formation. Oxidation of dopa, as occurs during curing of the secreted mussel glue, dramatically reduces the strength of the interaction to metal oxide but results in high strength irreversible covalent bond formation to an organic surface. A new picture of the interfacial adhesive role of dopa emerges from these studies, in which dopa exploits a remarkable combination of high strength and chemical multifunctionality to accomplish adhesion to substrates of widely varying composition from organic to metallic. 3,4-dihydroxylphenylalanine | atomic force microscopy | mussel adhesive protein

Lee, Haeshin; Scherer, Norbert F.; Messersmith, Phillip B.

2006-08-01

389

Systematic Adhesion: Controlling Interfacial Strength through Patterning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To understand the role of patterned geometries/topographies in controlling polymer adhesion and release, we fabricate controlled structures ranging from the nanometer to micron length scales on polymer surfaces. Our initial results focus on the effect of patterned arrays of micron-scale posts and holes on the adhesion of polydimethylsiloxane layers. To facilitate the exploration of the large, possibly non-continuous parameter space presented by this problem, we rely upon combinatorial methodologies to effectively screen multiparameter maps. In this presentation, we focus on the effects of aspect ratio and feature density on the control of polymer adhesion. We demonstrate how both parameters, aspect ratio and feature density, can be used to tune the magnitude and "history" of hysteresis during a contact adhesion test. We compare and contrast results on systematic patterned topographic surfaces with previous research on the effect of randomly rough surfaces on polymer adhesion. Our results are relevant for the refinement of the soft lithography processing technique, the development of smart adhesives, and the fabrication of bonding sites for biological implants.

Crosby, Alfred; Hageman, Mark; Duncan, Andrew

2004-03-01

390

Attenuation of cell adhesion in lymphocytes is regulated by CYTIP, a protein which mediates signal complex sequestration.  

PubMed

An important theme in molecular cell biology is the regulation of protein recruitment to the plasma membrane. Fundamental biological processes such as proliferation, differentiation or leukocyte functions are initiated and controlled through the reversible binding of signaling proteins to phosphorylated membrane components. This is mediated by specialized interaction modules, such as SH2 and PH domains. Cytohesin-1 is an intracellular guanine nucleotide exchange factor, which regulates leukocyte adhesion. The activity of cytohesin-1 is controlled by phospho inositide-dependent membrane recruitment. An interacting protein was identified, the expression of which is upregulated by cytokines in hematopoietic cells. This molecule, CYTIP, is also recruited to the cell cortex by integrin signaling via its PDZ domain. However, stimulation of Jurkat cells with phorbol ester results in re-localization of CYTIP to the cytoplasm, and membrane detachment of cytohesin-1 strictly requires co-expression of CYTIP. Consequently, stimulated adhesion of Jurkat cells to intracellular adhesion molecule-1 is repressed by CYTIP. These findings outline a novel mechanism of signal chain abrogation through sequestration of a limiting component by specific protein-protein interactions. PMID:12606567

Boehm, Thomas; Hofer, Susanne; Winklehner, Patricia; Kellersch, Bettina; Geiger, Christiane; Trockenbacher, Alexander; Neyer, Susanne; Fiegl, Heidi; Ebner, Susanne; Ivarsson, Lennart; Schneider, Rainer; Kremmer, Elisabeth; Heufler, Christine; Kolanus, Waldemar

2003-03-01

391

Characterization of retinal expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) during experimental autoimmune uveitis.  

PubMed

Leukocyte adhesion to the blood retinal barrier is a critical step in the pathogenesis of non-infectious uveitis and is mediated in part through the induction of adhesion molecules on retinal cells. Here, we have investigated the retinal expression of Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (VCAM-1) in mouse experimental models of non-infectious uveitis. For each eyes, a histological score was given, and the expression of VCAM-1 analyzed by immunohistology. Co-labellings for GFAP, endoglin, aquaporin 4 and recoverin were also performed in order to determine which cell type expressed VCAM-1. In low grade uveitis, obtained after adoptive transfer of semi-purified autoreactive lymphocytes, VCAM-1 was only punctually expressed in the internal limiting membrane and epithelial cells of the ciliary body. Using the same adoptive transfer protocol, we found that, in correlation with disease severity, the staining extended to all internal limiting membranes, vasculitis lesions, Müller cell extensions, outer limiting membranes and RPE cells. VCAM-1 expression in the inner limiting membrane and Müller cell extensions co-stained with GFAP expression. In vasculitis lesions, VCAM-1 co-localized with either GFAP and endoglin expression. The labeling in the outer limiting membrane, did not exactly co-stained with AQ4 (Müller cells marker) or recoverin (photoreceptor marker) and the nature of this expression remained unexplained. Finally, VCAM-1 expression was also analyzed in classical experimental autoimmune uveitis eyes, and a similar pattern of expression was found. In conclusion VCAM-1 is expressed on all blood retinal barrier cells during experimental non-infectious uveitis and might thus play an important role in inflammatory cell recruitment during disease development. PMID:22749846

Makhoul, M; Dewispelaere, R; Relvas, L J; Elmaleh, V; Caspers, L; Bruyns, C; Willermain, F

2012-08-01

392

Exogenous, but not Endogenous Nitric Oxide Inhibits Adhesion Molecule Expression in Human Endothelial Cells  

PubMed Central

Nitric oxide (NO) has many beneficial actions on the vascular wall including suppression of inflammation. The mechanism(s) by which NO antagonizes cytokine signaling are poorly understood, but are thought to involve inhibition of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor, NF-?B. NO represses nuclear translocation of NF-?B via the S-nitrosylation of its subunits which decreases the expression of target genes including adhesion molecules. In previous studies, we have shown that the intracellular location of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) can influence the amount of NO produced and that NO levels are paramount in regulating the S-nitrosylation of target proteins. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the significance of subcellular eNOS to NF-?B signaling induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). We found that in HAECs stimulated with TNF?, L-NAME did not influence the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) or vascular cell adhesion molecular 1 (VCAM-1). In eNOS “knock down” HAECs reconstituted with either plasma membrane or Golgi restricted forms of eNOS, there was no significant effect on the activation of the NF-?B pathway over different times and concentrations of TNF?. Similarly, the endogenous production of NO did not influence the phosphorylation of I?B?. In contrast, higher concentrations of NO derived from the use of the exogenous NO donor, DETA NONOate, effectively suppressed the expression of ICAM-1/VCAM-1 in response to TNF? and induced greater S-nitrosylation of IKK? and p65. Collectively these results suggest that neither endogenous eNOS nor eNOS location is an important influence on inflammatory signaling via the NF-?B pathway and that higher NO concentrations are required to suppress NF-?B in HAECs. PMID:22279436

Qian, Jin; Fulton, David J. R.

2011-01-01

393

Contribution from pressure-sensitive adhesives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The successful use of many security papers, foils and films depends on the technology of chemical fastening systems -- especially pressure sensitive adhesives. These are adhesives activated not by heat or by the evaporation of water or some other solvent, but simply by the act of application -- by pressure. These adhesives provide the means whereby laminations, substrates and seals are made effective. In addition to their physical properties these adhesives are often required to possess optical properties to allow the security materials to be visibly active and indeed the adhesive system may itself contribute as a carrier for a variety of security materials. Recent advances in adhesives chemistry have made it possible to achieve virtually all the required physical performance characteristics combined with a choice of optical properties ranging from total opacity to invisibility and including controlled translucency and tinting. The implications for security printing and packaging are important. Opacity is easy to achieve, for example by loading the adhesive with aluminum powder, by the selection of totally opaque materials like metallized film or by various printing processes. But achieving transparency is a different matter, and transparency is mandatory for applications involving the protection of documents, photographs, etc. with a clear film over-laminate. Obvious examples would be for passports, visas and other personal identification. But some security devices may themselves require protection; for example holograms or embossings. And transparency in the test laboratory is not enough. The Australian driving licence is stuck to the windshield, so the transparency of the adhesive must be sustained over long periods without deterioration due to prolonged u/v exposure, climatic conditions or aging. The commercial label market has helped to push the technology forward. There is a strong demand for the 'no-label look' for packaging of clear plastic and glass containers where the content can be easily seen without interference and where wording or symbols can be read through the container. You see this increasingly with pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and toiletries, even bottled beer. Achieving transparency is one thing but this property must be combined with all the physical properties required of the pressure sensitive adhesive. First there is the question of permanence, re-positionability and removability and the degree to which these features are required. Secondly many complications arise from the range of materials to which the adhesive must be anchored and the range to which it will be applied and must bond. Obviously these surfaces vary from those with the highest surface energy (polycarbonate for example) to those apolar surfaces engineered for minimum attraction (PTFE -- 'Teflon' for example).

Cunningham, Gilbert

1996-03-01

394

International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives 20 (1999) 5970 International Journal of  

E-print Network

fracture toughness of composite laminates. There are existing standard protocols for mode I testing of both to refine adhesive fracture and delamination methods to give the best possible results [8]. These standards such an apparent toughness is used for prediction of failure in adhesive joints that have different levels

Nairn, John A.

395

Direct observation of microcavitation in underwater adhesion of mushroom-shaped adhesive microstructure.  

PubMed

In this work we report on experiments aimed at testing the cavitation hypothesis [Varenberg, M.; Gorb, S. J. R. Soc., Interface 2008, 5, 383-385] proposed to explain the strong underwater adhesion of mushroom-shaped adhesive microstructures (MSAMSs). For this purpose, we measured the pull-off forces of individual MSAMSs by detaching them from a glass substrate under different wetting conditions and simultaneously video recording the detachment behavior at very high temporal resolution (54,000-100,000 fps). Although microcavitation was observed during the detachment of individual MSAMSs, which was a consequence of water inclusions present at the glass-MSAMS contact interface subjected to negative pressure (tension), the pull-off forces were consistently lower, around 50%, of those measured under ambient conditions. This result supports the assumption that the recently observed strong underwater adhesion of MSAMS is due to an air layer between individual MSAMSs [Kizilkan, E.; Heepe, L.; Gorb, S. N. Underwater adhesion of mushroom-shaped adhesive microstructure: An air-entrapment effect. In Biological and biomimetic adhesives: Challenges and opportunities; Santos, R.; Aldred, N.; Gorb, S. N.; Flammang, P., Eds.; The Royal Society of Chemistry: Cambridge, U.K., 2013; pp 65-71] rather than by cavitation. These results obtained due to the high-speed visualisation of the contact behavior at nanoscale-confined interfaces allow for a microscopic understanding of the underwater adhesion of MSAMSs and may aid in further development of artificial adhesive microstructures for applications in predominantly liquid environments. PMID:24991528

Heepe, Lars; Kovalev, Alexander E; Gorb, Stanislav N

2014-01-01

396

Ultrasonic Nondestructive Characterization of Adhesive Bonds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesives and adhesive joints are widely used in various industrial applications to reduce weight and costs, and to increase reliability. For example, advances in aerospace technology have been made possible, in part, through the use of lightweight materials and weight-saving structural designs. Joints, in particular, have been and continue to be areas in which weight can be trimmed from an airframe through the use of novel attachment techniques. In order to save weight over traditional riveted designs, to avoid the introduction of stress concentrations associated with rivet holes, and to take full advantage of advanced composite materials, engineers and designers have been specifying an ever-increasing number of adhesively bonded joints for use on airframes. Nondestructive characterization for quality control and remaining life prediction has been a key enabling technology for the effective use of adhesive joints. Conventional linear ultrasonic techniques generally can only detect flaws (delamination, cracks, voids, etc) in the joint assembly. However, more important to structural reliability is the bond strength. Although strength, in principle, cannot be measured nondestructively, a slight change in material nonlinearity may indicate the onset of failure. Furthermore, microstructural variations due to aging or under-curing may also cause changes in the third order elastic constants, which are related to the ultrasonic nonlinear parameter of the polymer adhesive. It is therefore reasonable to anticipate a correlation between changes in the ultrasonic nonlinear acoustic parameter and the remaining bond strength. It has been observed that higher harmonics of the fundamental frequency are generated when an ultrasonic wave passes through a nonlinear material. It seems that such nonlinearity can be effectively used to characterize bond strength. Several theories have been developed to model this nonlinear effect. Based on a microscopic description of the nonlinear interface binding force, a quantitative method was presented. Recently, a comparison between the experimental and simulated results based on a similar theoretical model was presented. A through-transmission setup for water immersion mode-converted shear waves was used to analyze the ultrasonic nonlinear parameter of an adhesive bond. In addition, ultrasonic guided waves have been used to analyze adhesive or diffusion bonded joints. In this paper, the ultrasonic nonlinear parameter is used to characterize the curing state of a polymer/aluminum adhesive joint. Ultrasonic through-transmission tests were conducted on samples cured under various conditions. The magnitude of the second order harmonic was measured and the corresponding ultrasonic nonlinear parameter was evaluated. A fairly good correlation between the curing condition and the nonlinear parameter is observed. The results show that the nonlinear parameter might be used as a good indicator of the cure state for adhesive joints.

Qu, Jianmin

1999-01-01

397

Switchable Adhesion from Bicomponent Polymeric Brushes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigated the adhesive and wetting properties of bicomponent polymeric brushes made from end functionalized hydrophilic and hydrophobic polymer chains. The molecular organization of the mixed brush could be varied reversibly by exposure to selective solvents for the two polymers. Adhesive properties were tested by debonding a flat ended probe from soft pressure-sensitive-adhesives (hydrophobic & hydrophilic) and wetting properties were tested by contact angle measurements of water & diiodomethane droplets. The bicomponent brushes were chemically grafted on silicon wafers from end-functionalized chains. Wetting experiments were done directly on the wafers while for adhesion experiments, the wafers were glued on the flat end of the probe prior to the tests. In all cases the organization of the bicomponent brush could be modified reproducibly and reversibly by exposure to selective solvents. Following this strategy we succeeded to create remarkably stable adaptive polymer surfaces that can modify their adhesion and wetting reversibly and also tune them by varying the ratio of the bicomponent brush layer.

Retsos, Haris; Gorodyska, Ganna; Creton, Costantino

2005-03-01

398

Environmental durability of adhesively bonded joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this project was to evaluate the environmental durability of adhesively bonded aircraft joints using fracture mechanics. Three aerospace adhesives, two epoxies and one polyimide, were investigated. Adhesive specimens were tested for tensile and toughness behavior. Bonded joint specimens were subject to Mode I, Mode II, and mixed mode fracture and fatigue tests. Prior to testing, selected specimens were exposed for up to 10,000 hours to isothermal and thermally cyclic conditions similar to aircraft service environments. Analysis was accomplished using finite element programs and closed-form solutions. Environmental exposure caused reductions in the failure strain, strength, and toughness, of the adhesive specimens and in the toughness and fatigue threshold of the bonded joint specimens. Specimens exposed to high temperature and humidity prior to testing and those tested at low temperatures indicative of high altitude operations experienced the most significant toughness losses. Results are discussed in terms of their relationship to bonded joint design and should prove valuable to efforts aimed at extending the lives of aging aircraft using bonded repairs as well as to efforts focused on using adhesive bonding for future aerospace structures.

Butkus, Lawrence Michael

399

Adhesion and deformation of block copolymer blends  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated the microstructure and the rheological, tensile and adhesive properties of blends based on high molecular weight styrene-isoprene-styrene triblocks, styrene-isoprene diblocks and a low molecular weight hydrocarbon resin miscible with the isoprene phase. These blends are model systems for a family of materials used as soft self-adhesives tapes and labels. Pure copolymer and blend films were prepared from toluene solutions by slow solvent evaporation. Small-angle X-ray scattering investigations showed a phase separated structure of PS spheres in an isoprene + resin matrix, consistent with the very low volume fraction of styrene (6-15The adhesive properties of the resulting films were investigated by using a confined test geometry where a cylindrical probe applies a nearly hydrostatic tensile stress on the film. Results showed that, relative to conventional non phase-separated adhesives, the microphase separated structure of the blends imparts a very good resistance to creep under low stresses and yet favors cavitation under high stresses. By varying the diblock/triblock ratio in the blends, we were able to systematically modify the large strain properties of the blends in a tensile test, presumably by modyfying the extent of bridging between PS domains. The connection between the rheological and tensile properties of the blends and their adhesive properties will be critically assessed.

Creton, Costantino

2003-03-01

400

Wet adhesion between two soft layers.  

PubMed

Two solids can adhere to each other in the presence of a liquid bridge between them, which is called wet adhesion. When the solid is soft, the liquid bridge can cause deformation in the material, and in turn, the deformation may have dramatic effects on the wet adhesion. To investigate the effect, in this article, we calculate the deformation in two soft layers with different separations and connected by a liquid bridge. We illustrate the effect of deformation in the soft layers on the adhesive force. For a given liquid volume and separation between the two layers, the adhesive force increases dramatically by decreasing the elastic moduli of the soft layers. We also discuss the contact between the two soft layers due to the deformation caused by the liquid bridge. Depending on the volume of the liquid bridge, the two layers may be in contact with each other at the center of the wetting area or some other locations between the center and the contact line. The results may improve current understanding of wet adhesion between soft materials and have potential applications in designing and fabricating soft devices and structures. PMID:25178195

Li, Kai; Cai, Shengqiang

2014-11-01

401

Cooperative adhesion and friction of compliant nanohairs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adhesion and friction behavior of soft materials, including compliant brushes and hairs, depends on the temporal and spatial evolution of the interfaces in contact. For compliant nanofibrous materials, the actual contact area of individual fibers make with surfaces depends on the preload applied upon contact. Using in-situ microscopy observations of preloaded nanotube hairs, we show how nanotubes make cooperative contact with a surface by buckling and conforming to the surface topography. The overall adhesion of compliant nanohairs increases with increasing preload as nanotubes deform and continuously add new side-wall contacts with the surface. Electrical resistance measurements indicate significant hysteresis in the relative contact area. Contact area increases with preload (or stress) and decreases suddenly during unloading, consistent with strong adhesion observed for these complaint nanohairs.

Dhinojwala, Ali; Ge, Liehui; Ci, Lijie; Goyal, Anubha; Ajayan, Pulickel; Mahadevan, L.

2011-03-01

402

Coatings for rubber bonding and paint adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conversion coatings form an important base for the adhesion of paint to metal substrates and for the bonding of rubber to metal parts. Four types of conversion coatings were assessed as base treatments for the bonding of rubber to steel and for the corrosion protection of metal substrates under paint: amorphous iron phosphate, heavy zinc phosphate, and three types of modified zinc phosphates that utilized one or more metal cations in addition to zinc. When applied, these conversion coatings formed a thin film over the metal substrate that was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and chemical methods. The performance of the coatings was assessed using physical methods such as dry adhesion, conical mandrel, impact, and stress adhesion for the rubber-bonded parts, and by corrosion resistance methods such as humidity, salt spray, and cyclic corrosion. Coating characterization and performance were correlated.

Boulos, M. S.; Petschel, M.

1997-08-01

403

Enhanced adhesion from high energy ion irradiation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It has been found that the adhesion of thin metal films on insulators, semiconductors, and metals could be improved by subjecting the material to a high-energy ion bombardment. Griffith et al. (1982) have first suggested a use of this technique with insulators. The present investigation has the objective to determine the mechanism for the adhesion enhancement. A description is presented of a preliminary transmission electron microscopy (TEM) study of thinned bonded samples of silver on silicon using electron diffraction. It is found that irradiation of a variety of thin film-substrate combinations by heavy ion beams will provide a remarkable improvement in the adherence of the film. The evidence for the mechanism involved in the enhancement of adhesion is discussed.

Werner, B. T.; Vreeland, T., Jr.; Mendenhall, M. H.; Qui, Y.; Tombrello, T. A.

1983-01-01

404

Biologically Inspired Mushroom-Shaped Adhesive Microstructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adhesion is a fundamental phenomenon with great importance in technology, in our everyday life, and in nature. In this article, we review physical interactions that resist the separation of two solids in contact. By using examples of biological attachment systems, we summarize and categorize various principles that contribute to the so-called gecko effect. Emphasis is placed on the contact geometry and in particular on the mushroom-shaped geometry, which is observed in long-term biological adhesive systems. Furthermore, we report on artificial model systems with this bio-inspired geometry and demonstrate that surface microstructures with this geometry are promising candidates for technical applications, in which repeatable, reversible, and residue-free adhesion under different environmental conditions—such as air, fluid, and vacuum—is required. Various applications in robotic systems and in industrial pick-and-place processes are discussed.

Heepe, Lars; Gorb, Stanislav N.

2014-07-01

405

High-Temperature Adhesive Strain Gage Developed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Researchers at the NASA Lewis Research Center have developed a unique strain gage and adhesive system for measuring the mechanical properties of polymers and polymer composites at elevated temperatures. This system overcomes some of the problems encountered in using commercial strain gages and adhesives. For example, typical commercial strain gage adhesives require a postcure at temperatures substantially higher than the maximum test temperature. The exposure of the specimen to this temperature may affect subsequent results, and in some cases may be higher than the glass-transition temperature of the polymer. In addition, although typical commercial strain gages can be used for short times at temperatures up to 370 C, their long-term use is limited to 230 C. This precludes their use for testing some high-temperature polyimides near their maximum temperature capability. Lewis' strain gage and adhesive system consists of a nonencapsulated, unbacked gage grid that is bonded directly to the polymer after the specimen has been cured but prior to the normal postcure cycle. The gage is applied with an adhesive specially formulated to cure under the specimen postcure conditions. Special handling, mounting, and electrical connection procedures were developed, and a fixture was designed to calibrate each strain gage after it was applied to a specimen. A variety of tests was conducted to determine the performance characteristics of the gages at elevated temperatures on PMR-15 neat resin and titanium specimens. For these tests, which included static tension, thermal exposure, and creep tests, the gage and adhesive system performed within normal strain gage specifications at 315 C. An example of the performance characteristics of the gage can be seen in the figure, which compares the strain gage measurement on a polyimide specimen at 315 C with an extensometer measurement.

Pereira, J. Michael; Roberts, Gary D.

1997-01-01

406

Molecular mechanics of mussel adhesion proteins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mussel foot protein (mfp), a natural glue produced by marine mussel, is an intriguing material because of its superior ability for adhesio