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1

Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and clinical outcomes in patients with acute lung injury  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine if levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), a marker of alveolar epithelial and endothelial injury, differ in patients with hydrostatic pulmonary edema and acute lung injury (ALI) and are associated with clinical outcomes in patients with ALI. Design, setting, and participants Measurement of sICAM-1 levels in (1) plasma and edema fluid from 67 patients with either hydrostatic pulmonary edema or ALI enrolled in an observational, prospective single center study, and (2) in plasma from 778 patients with ALI enrolled in a large multi-center randomized controlled trial of ventilator strategy. Results In the single-center study, levels of sICAM-1 were significantly higher in both edema fluid and plasma (median 938 and 545 ng/ml, respectively) from ALI patients compared to hydrostatic edema patients (median 384 and 177 ng/ml, P < 0.03 for both comparisons). In the multi-center study, higher plasma sICAM-1 levels were associated with poor clinical outcomes in both unadjusted and multivariable models. Subjects with ALI whose plasma sICAM-1 levels increased over the first 3 days of the study had a higher risk of death, after adjusting for other important predictors of outcome (odds ratio 1.48; 95% CI 1.03–2.12, P = 0.03). Conclusions Both plasma and edema fluid levels of sICAM-1 are higher in patients with ALI than in patients with hydrostatic pulmonary edema. Higher plasma sICAM-1 levels and increasing sICAM-1 levels over time are associated with poor clinical outcomes in ALI. Measurement of sICAM-1 levels may be useful for identifying patients at highest risk of poor outcomes from ALI. PMID:18670758

Eisner, Mark D.; Parsons, Polly E.; Thompson, B. Taylor; Conner, Edward R.; Matthay, Michael A.; Ware, Lorraine B.

2009-01-01

2

sTNFR-II and sICAM-1 are associated with acute disease and hepatic inflammation in schistosomiasis japonica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soluble intracellular adhesive molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and tumour necrosis factor receptors I (TNFR-1) and II (TNFR-II) have been shown to be associated with numerous liver disorders. Shedding of these membrane proteins can be triggered by the Th1 cytokines, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma, which are associated with susceptibility or resistance to hepatic schistosomiasis, respectively. Further, TNF-alpha receptors and sICAM-1 have been implicated

Magda K. Ellis; Yuesheng Li; Xunya Hou; Honggen Chen; Donald P. McManus

2008-01-01

3

New indices of ischemic heart disease and aging: studies on the serum levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in patients with hypercholesterolemia and ischemic heart disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is known that the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on the surface of vascular endothelial cells is closely related to the formation of early atherosclerotic lesions. In this study, serum soluble ICAM-1(sICAM-1) and soluble VCAM-1(sVCAM-1) were determined by sandwich ELISA both in normal healthy individuals (n=114) and in patients with hypercholesterolemia (HC,

Nobuhiro Morisaki; Ichiro Saito; Ken Tamura; Jun Tashiro; Mio Masuda; Tetsuto Kanzaki; Shigeru Watanabe; Yoshiaki Masuda; Yasushi Saito

1997-01-01

4

Association of sICAM-1 and MCP-1 with coronary artery calcification in families enriched for coronary heart disease or hypertension: the NHLBI Family Heart Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Data accumulated from mouse studies and in vitro studies of human arteries support the notion that soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) play important roles in the inflammation process involved in atherosclerosis. However, at the population level, the utility of sICAM-1 and MCP-1 as biomarkers for subclinical atherosclerosis is less clear. In the follow-up exam

Weihong Tang; James S Pankow; J Jeffrey Carr; Russell P Tracy; Suzette J Bielinski; Kari E North; Paul N Hopkins; Aldi T Kraja; Donna K Arnett

2007-01-01

5

Elevated levels of serum sICAM-1 in asphyxiated low birth weight newborns.  

PubMed

Perinatal hypoxia results in neuronal and endothelial cell damage. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) expression and peripheral blood changes in perinatal asphyxia with neuronal injury markers in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. We compared the concentrations of serum sICAM-1, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and antibodies specific for NR2 glutamate receptors in 29 asphyxiated and 20 control infants using standard enzyme immunoassay procedures. The mean total concentrations of sICAM-1 and neuron-specific proteins (NSE and NR2-specific antibodies) were higher in the asphyxiated infants than in the control infants. The serum sICAM-1 concentrations significantly correlated with Apgar scoring and with the pH and lactate data from capillary or arterial cord blood. No significant correlation between serum concentrations of neuron specific proteins and blood changes of asphyxia was found. Therefore, endothelial sICAM-1 expression levels might be accepted as an indicator of the severity of perinatal asphyxia in LBW infants. PMID:25358349

Huseynova, Saadat; Panakhova, Nushaba; Orujova, Pusta; Hasanov, Safikhan; Guliyev, Mehman; Orujov, Agil

2014-01-01

6

Elevated levels of serum sICAM-1 in asphyxiated low birth weight newborns  

PubMed Central

Perinatal hypoxia results in neuronal and endothelial cell damage. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) expression and peripheral blood changes in perinatal asphyxia with neuronal injury markers in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. We compared the concentrations of serum sICAM-1, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and antibodies specific for NR2 glutamate receptors in 29 asphyxiated and 20 control infants using standard enzyme immunoassay procedures. The mean total concentrations of sICAM-1 and neuron-specific proteins (NSE and NR2-specific antibodies) were higher in the asphyxiated infants than in the control infants. The serum sICAM-1 concentrations significantly correlated with Apgar scoring and with the pH and lactate data from capillary or arterial cord blood. No significant correlation between serum concentrations of neuron specific proteins and blood changes of asphyxia was found. Therefore, endothelial sICAM-1 expression levels might be accepted as an indicator of the severity of perinatal asphyxia in LBW infants. PMID:25358349

Huseynova, Saadat; Panakhova, Nushaba; Orujova, Pusta; Hasanov, Safikhan; Guliyev, Mehman; Orujov, Agil

2014-01-01

7

K469E polymorphism of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 gene in Egyptians with coronary heart disease  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The initial step in atherosclerosis is the adhesion of leukocytes to activated endothelial cells mediated by intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). This study aimed to investigate the association of K469E polymorphism of the ICAM-1 gene and soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) serum level with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Egyptian subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a case-control design, we studied 100 patients with CHD, including 73 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and 27 with unstable angina (UA). The control group consisted of 50 healthy subjects with normal left ventricular function. All participants were genotyped for the ICAM-1 polymorphism by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Serum sICAM-1 was measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). RESULTS: In CHD patients, the frequencies of K genotype (KK and EK) were significantly higher when compared to controls (P<.001) and were associated with an increased risk of disease development (OR=3.8, 95% CI: 1.7 to 8.5; P=.001). K genotype frequencies in patients with MI showed no significant difference when compared to patients with UA (P= .121). Serum sICAM-1 levels were comparable between CHD patients and controls (P= .37) and between MI and UA patients (P=.23). There were no significant differences in sICAM-1 levels among patients with different genotypes (P=.532). Men presented with higher sICAM-1 levels than women (P=.004). CONCLUSION: ICAM-1 gene polymorphism in codon 469 is associated with a risk for CHD development in Egyptian subjects. Serum sICAM-1 is not influenced by this polymorphism and is not necessarily elevated in CHD. PMID:20940515

Mohamed, Amal A.; Rashed, Laila; Amin, Hoda; Abu-Farha, Manal; El Fadl, Soheir Abu; Pakhoum, Sameh

2010-01-01

8

The study of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and ghrelin in adolescents with family history of type 2 diabetes.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to observe both the changes of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and ghrelin in adolescents with family history of type 2 diabetes (FHD) and the relationship between sICAM-1 and ghrelin. This case-control study included 63 adolescents (boys/girls 29/34, age 14.1 ± 0.7 years) without FHD (FHD-) and 67 adolescents (boys/girls 33/34, age 14.0 ± 0.8 years) with FHD (FHD+). Anthropometric measurements, including height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure, were obtained. Blood samples were collected, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG), serum lipids, true insulin, sICAM-1, and ghrelin were assayed. The results showed that the age and gender were similar in two groups (P > 0.05). Body mass index (BMI), WC, FPG, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, and sICAM-1 were all significantly higher in the FHD+ group than in the FHD- group (P < 0.05). Ghrelin was significantly lower in the FHD+ group than in the FHD- group (P < 0.05). sICAM-1 was positively correlated with WC (r = 0.178, P = 0.043), fasting insulin (r = 0.195, P = 0.026), HOMA-IR (r = 0.197, P = 0.024), and ghrelin (r = 0.290, P = 0.001). After multivariate analysis, the ghrelin (? = 0.788, 95 % CI: 0.416-1.159, P = 0.000) and HOMA-IR (? = 0.106, 95 % CI: 0.045-0.167, P = 0.001) maintained an independent association with sICAM-1. These findings led to the conclusion that endothelial dysfunction and decline of ghrelin were found in adolescents with family history of diabetes. The decline of ghrelin maybe a protection mechanism for endothelial function in adolescents with family history of diabetes and should be examined in future studies. PMID:22588952

Liu, Bo-Wei; Lu, Qiang; Ma, Chun-Ming; Liu, Jun-Ru; Lou, Dong-Hui; Liu, Xiao-Li; Yin, Fu-Zai

2012-12-01

9

Disturbed homeostasis of lung intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 during sepsis.  

PubMed

Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis in mice was associated with perturbations in vascular adhesion molecules. In CLP mice, lung vascular binding of (125)I-monoclonal antibodies to intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 revealed sharp increases in binding of anti-ICAM-1 and significantly reduced binding of anti-VCAM-1. In whole lung homogenates, intense ICAM-1 up-regulation was found (both in mRNA and in protein levels) during sepsis, whereas very little increase in VCAM-1 could be measured although some increased mRNA was found. During CLP soluble VCAM-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) appeared in the serum. When mouse dermal microvascular endothelial cells (MDMECs) were incubated with serum from CLP mice, constitutive endothelial VCAM-1 fell in association with the appearance of sVCAM-1 in the supernatant fluids. Under the same conditions, ICAM-1 cell content increased in MDMECs. When MDMECs were evaluated for leukocyte adhesion, exposure to CLP serum caused increased adhesion of neutrophils and decreased adhesion of macrophages and T cells. The progressive build-up in lung myeloperoxidase after CLP was ICAM-1-dependent and independent of VLA-4 and VCAM-1. These data suggest that sepsis disturbs endothelial homeostasis, greatly favoring neutrophil adhesion in the lung microvasculature, thereby putting the lung at increased risk of injury. PMID:15039231

Laudes, Ines J; Guo, Ren-Feng; Riedemann, Niels C; Speyer, Cecilia; Craig, Ron; Sarma, J Vidya; Ward, Peter A

2004-04-01

10

sTNFR-II and sICAM-1 are associated with acute disease and hepatic inflammation in schistosomiasis japonica  

PubMed Central

Soluble intracellular adhesive molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and tumour necrosis factor receptors I (TNFR-1) and II (TNFR-II) have been shown to be associated with numerous liver disorders. Shedding of these membrane proteins can be triggered by the Th1 cytokines, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma, which are associated with susceptibility or resistance to hepatic schistosomiasis, respectively. Further, TNF-alpha receptors and sICAM-1 have been implicated in periportal fibrosis in advanced human schistosomiasis mansoni and correlate with schistosome granuloma formation in the murine model. We measured serum levels of sICAM-1, TNFR-I and TNFR-II in Chinese patients with different clinically defined stages of schistosomiasis japonica and controls; these included 35 patients with acute schistosomiasis, 45 patients with chronic schistosome infections, 34 advanced patients with evidence of severe morbidity and 20 patients with no known history of exposure to infection. Markedly elevated levels of soluble TNFRs (sTNFRs) and sICAM-1 were observed in the acute and advanced patients compared with the chronic and control groups. Mean sTNFR-II levels were significantly higher in acute patients compared with advanced (P < 0.00001) and chronic patients (P < 0.00001) and showed the strongest association of the markers with acute disease (odds ratio (OR) = 1.099). sTNFR-II and sICAM-1 levels both correlated with infection intensity and there were significant positive correlations observed between eosinophil count and infection intensity (P = 0.0072) and sICAM-1 (P = 0.0014). Although there were significantly higher levels of antigen-specific IgG4 and total IgG in infected individuals compared with controls, none correlated with infection intensity. Further, no differences in IgG4 and total IgG levels were observed between the acute and chronic groups. The results suggest sTNFRs and sICAM-1 are associated with liver inflammation and disease progression. Measurement of sTNFR-II and sICAM-1 levels in serum could serve as additional markers for the diagnosis of acute stage disease and the monitoring of hepatic inflammation in human schistosomiasis japonica. PMID:18001742

Ellis, Magda K.; Li, Yuesheng; Hou, Xunya; Chen, Honggen; McManus, Donald P.

2008-01-01

11

Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, D-lactate and diamine oxidase in patients with inflammatory bowel disease  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the levels of serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), plasma D-lactate and diamine oxidase (DAO) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and the potential clinical significance. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with IBD and 30 healthy controls were included in this study. The concentration of sICAM-1 was detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the level of D-lactate and DAO was measured by spectroscopic analysis, and the number of white blood cells (WBC) was determined by routine procedure. RESULTS: The levels of sICAM-l, DAO, and WBC in IBD patients were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.01). sICAM-l in IBD patients was found to be closely related to the levels of DAO and D-lactate (212.94 ± 69.89 vs 6.35 ± 2.35, P = 0.000), DAO 212.94 ± 69.89 vs 8.65 ± 3.54, P = 0.000) and WBC (212.94 ± 69.89 vs 7.40 ± 2.61, P = 0.000), but no significant difference was observed between patients with ulcerative colitis and patients with Crohn’s disease. The post-treatment levels of sICAM-l, D-lactate and WBC were significantly lower than before treatment (sICAM-l 206.57 ± 79.21 vs 146.21 ± 64.43, P = 0.000), (D-lactate 1.46 ± 0.94 vs 0.52 ± 0.32, P = 0.000) and (WBC 7.24 ± 0.2.33 vs 5.21 ± 3.21, P = 0.000). CONCLUSION: sICAM-1, D-lactate and DAO are closely related to the specific conditions of IBD, and thus could be used as a major diagnostic index. PMID:19701972

Song, Wei-Bing; Lv, Yong-Hui; Zhang, Zhen-Shu; Li, Ya-Nan; Xiao, Li-Ping; Yu, Xin-Pei; Wang, Yuan-Yuan; Ji, Hong-Li; Ma, Li

2009-01-01

12

Increased circulating PEDF and low sICAM-1 are associated with sickle cell retinopathy.  

PubMed

Sickle cell retinopathy (SCR) develops in up to 30% of sickle cell disease patients (SCD) during the second decade of life. Treatment for this affection remains palliative, so studies on its pathophysiology may contribute to the future development of novel therapies. SCR is more frequently observed in hemoglobin SC disease and derives from vaso-occlusion in the microvasculature of the retina leading to neovascularization and, eventually, to blindness. Circulating inflammatory cytokines, angiogenic factors, and their interaction may contribute to the pathophysiology of this complication. Angiopoietin (Ang)-1, Ang-2, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, E-selectin, P-selectin, IL1-?, TNF-?, pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) and vascular endothelial growth factor plasmatic levels were determined in 37 SCD patients with retinopathy, 34 without retinopathy, and healthy controls. We observed that sICAM-1 is significantly decreased, whereas PEDF is elevated in HbSC patients with retinopathy (P=0.012 and P=0.031, respectively). Ang-1, Ang-2 and IL1-? levels were elevated in SCD patients (P=0.001, P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively), compared to controls, and HbSS patients presented higher levels of Ang-2 compared to HbSC (P<0.001). Our study supports the possible influence of sICAM-1 and PEDF on the pathophysiology of retinal neovascularization in SCD patients. PMID:25172543

Cruz, P R S; Lira, R P C; Pereira Filho, S A C; Souza, B B; Mitsuushi, F N; Menaa, F; Fertrin, K Y; Vasconcellos, J P C; Conran, N; Costa, F F; Melo, M B

2015-01-01

13

Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 as a biohumoral correlate of atherosclerosis.  

PubMed

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) is a protein expressed on the surface of activated endothelial cells and expressed in early atherosclerosis. Because part of the protein is shed in the circulation and can be detected in peripheral plasma [soluble (s) VCAM-1], we hypothesized that sVCAM-1 may be a circulating marker of the presence and severity of atherosclerosis in humans. We selected 11 patients with essential hypertension plus peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and matched them for age, gender, body mass index, and smoking habits with 11 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension (UH) and 11 healthy controls. We evaluated plasma concentrations of sVCAM-1 along with those of the soluble form of two other endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecules [sE-selectin and s-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1)] and other markers of endothelial dysfunction/ damage [s-thrombomodulin, plasminogen activator inhibitor type I, and von Willebrand factor (vWF)]. We also measured insulin, glucose, fibrinogen, total and HDL cholesterol, and the urinary albumin excretion (UAE), which may also be related to atherosclerosis. Results of these assays were related to the echographic assessment of the maximum intima-media thickness (IMTmax) at the carotid bifurcation, as an index of atherosclerosis in the carotids. PVD patients had a clearly elevated IMTmax [2.7 (1.1-3.1) mm, median (range)] compared with both UH patients [1.2 (0.8-2.4) mm] and controls [1 (0.6-2) mm]. sVCAM-1 was clearly higher in PVD patients [990 (273-1808) ng/mL, median (range)] versus 340 (236-975) ng/mL in UH and 386 (204-835) ng/mL in controls, and it separated clinical categories better than sICAM-1, vWF, glucose, insulin, UAE, triglycerides, or total, LDL or HDL cholesterol, sVCAM-1 was also the best biohumoral correlate of IMTmax (R = .59; P < .001) in univariate analysis. Because many of the biohumoral variables assessed were mutually intercorrelated, they were entered in a multivariate analysis to assess their contribution in explaining IMTmax variability. sVCAM-1 remained the only independent predictor of IMTmax and totally abolished the contribution of other variables to IMTmax variability. Thus, sVCAM-1 is a good biohumoral correlate of overt atherosclerosis, independent of underlying hypertension, and may be an in vivo marker of endothelial activation. Its potential value as a surrogate for global risk assessment and its behavior in intervention studies remain to be determined. PMID:9409238

De Caterina, R; Basta, G; Lazzerini, G; Dell'Omo, G; Petrucci, R; Morale, M; Carmassi, F; Pedrinelli, R

1997-11-01

14

Human Monocytes Bind to Two Cytokine-Induced Adhesive Ligands on Cultured Human Endothelial Cells: Endothelial-Leukocyte Adhesion Molecule1 and Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and endothelial- leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-I) are adhesive pro- teins induced on endothelium by cytokines. We examined the contribution of these adhesive proteins to human peripheral blood monocyte adherence to endothelium using transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing these proteins and monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) to ELAM-I, VCAM-1, or CD49d\\/CD29 (VLA-4). the leukocyte receptor

T. Carlos; N. Kovach; M. Rosa; E. Wayner; C. Benjamin; L. Osborn; R. Lobb; J. Harlan

1991-01-01

15

Ionizing Radiation Induces Human Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 In Vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) plays a central role in various inflammatory reactions and its expression is readily induced by inflammatory stimuli such as cytokines or ultraviolet irradiation. We have investigated the effect of ionizing radiation (IR) on human ICAM-1 expression in human cell lines and skin cultures. ICAM-1 mRNA levels in HL60, HaCaT, and HeLa cells were elevated at 3-6

Uta Behrends; Ralf U. Peter; Renate Hintermeier-Knabe; Günther Eißner; Ernst Holler; Georg W. Bornkamm; S. Wright Caughman; Klaus Degitz

1994-01-01

16

Increased Plasma and Endothelial Cell Expression of Chemokines and Adhesion Molecules in Chronic Kidney Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemokines and adhesion molecules are involved in early events of atherogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the uremic milieu on the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-8 (IL-8), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and their relationship to cardiovascular status. Plasma samples were obtained from patients in different stages of

A. E. M. Stinghen; S. M. Gonçalves; E. G. Martines; L. S. Nakao; M. C. Riella; C. A. Aita; R. Pecoits-Filho

2009-01-01

17

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 Suppression in Skin by Topical Delivery of AntiSense Oligonucleotides  

Microsoft Academic Search

We topically applied 20 nucleotide phosphorothioate intercellular adhesion molecule-1 anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotide in a cream formulation. It effectively inhibited tumor necrosis factor-?-induced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in human skin transplanted on severe compromised immunodeficient mice. The effects were concentration dependent, sequence specific, and resulted from reduction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA levels in the skin. Intravenous administration of the drug

Rahul C. Mehta; Kimberly K. Stecker; Scott R. Cooper; Michael V. Templin; Yali J. Tsai; Thomas P. Condon; C. Frank Bennett; Gregory E. Hardee

2000-01-01

18

Rational Design of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1) Variants for Antagonizing Integrin Lymphocyte Function-  

E-print Network

Rational Design of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1) Variants for Antagonizing Integrin Lymphocyte Function- associated Antigen-1-dependent Adhesion*,S Gang Song, Greg A. Lazar§, Tanja Kortemme¶,1 between integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and its ligand intercellular adhesion

Baker, David

19

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 is induced on endothelium during acute rejection in human cardiac allografts.  

PubMed

An infiltration of mononuclear leukocytes into the myocardium of a cardiac allograft is diagnostic of transplant rejection. The presence of these leukocytes implies their adhesion to, and subsequent migration through, the vascular endothelium. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 are endothelial proteins that have been shown to be involved in the binding of mononuclear leukocytes to the endothelium in vitro. We investigated the induction of these proteins in a random series from 99 endomyocardial biopsy specimens obtained from 1 week to 4 years after cardiac allograft transplantation. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 was found to be expressed constitutively by the myocardial microvasculature in the recipient's original heart and in the posttransplantation biopsy specimens. No correlation was found between the presence or absence of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression and cellular rejection. In contrast, no endothelial expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 was observed in the recipient heart or in endomyocardial biopsy specimens lacking cellular rejection. The presence of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 significantly correlated with the presence of mild or moderate rejection. The de novo induction of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 on the myocardial vasculature during periods of rejection, in addition to the recruitment of mononuclear leukocytes that are known to bind to this protein, suggests that the expression of this endothelial adhesion protein could be of use in diagnosing rejection. PMID:1280999

Carlos, T; Gordon, D; Fishbein, D; Himes, V E; Coday, A; Ross, R; Allen, M D

1992-01-01

20

Adiponectin Enhances Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Expression and Promotes Monocyte Adhesion in Human Synovial Fibroblasts  

PubMed Central

Adiponectin is a protein hormone secreted predominantly by differentiated adipocytes and is involved in energy homeostasis. Adiponectin expression is significantly high in the synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is an important adhesion molecule that mediates monocyte adhesion and infiltration during OA pathogenesis. Adiponectin-induced expression of ICAM-1 in human OA synovial fibroblasts (OASFs) was examined by using qPCR, flow cytometry and western blotting. The intracellular signaling pathways were investigated by pretreated with inhibitors or transfection with siRNA. The monocyte THP-1 cell line was used for an adhesion assay with OASFs. Stimulation of OASFs with adiponectin induced ICAM-1 expression. Pretreatment with AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitors (AraA and compound C) or transfection with siRNA against AMPK?1 and two AMPK upstream activator- liver kinase B1 (LKB1) and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) diminished the adiponectin-induced ICAM-1 expression. Stimulation of OASFs with adiponectin increased phosphorylation of LKB1, CaMKII, AMPK, and c-Jun, resulting in c-Jun binding to AP-1 element of ICAM-1 promoter. In addition, adiponectin-induced activation of the LKB1/CaMKII, AMPK, and AP-1 pathway increased the adhesion of monocytes to the OASF monolayer. Our results suggest that adiponectin increases ICAM-1 expression in human OASFs via the LKB1/CaMKII, AMPK, c-Jun, and AP-1 signaling pathway. Adiponectin-induced ICAM-1 expression promoted the adhesion of monocytes to human OASFs. These findings may provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis of OA and can utilize this knowledge to design a new therapeutic strategy. PMID:24667577

Chen, Hsien-Te; Tsou, Hsi-Kai; Chen, Jui-Chieh; Shih, James Meng-Kun; Chen, Yen-Jen; Tang, Chih-Hsin

2014-01-01

21

Light stimulates IFN?-Mediated intercellular adhesion molecule-1 upregulation of cancer cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) works as one of the ligands for activating the killing activity of natural killer (NK) cells and cancer specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). Expression of ICAM-1 enhances lymphocyte adhesion to the cancer cells in vivo. Cancer cell lines express significantly lower level of ICAM-1 than that of normal epithelium or benign cells. Overexpression of LIGHT (LIGHT:

Manchao Zhang; Ribo Guo; Yifan Zhai; Xin-Yuan Fu; Dajun Yang

2003-01-01

22

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 (ICAM-1) in the Pathogenesis of Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airway eosinophilia, epithelial desquamation, and hyperresponsiveness are characteristics of the airway inflammation underlying bronchial asthma. The contribution of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) to eosinophil migration and airway responsiveness was studied. ICAM-1 partially mediated eosinophil adhesion to endothelium in vitro and was upregulated on inflamed bronchial endothelium in vivo. ICAM-1 expression was also upregulated on inflamed airway epithelium in vitro and

Craig D. Wesgner; Robert H. Gundel; Patricia Reilly; Nancy Haynes; L. Gordon Letts; Robert Rothlein

1990-01-01

23

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 contributes to pulmonary oxygen toxicity in mice: Role of leukocytes revised  

Microsoft Academic Search

In immature or injured lungs, impaired alveolar gas exchange forces the use of elevated levels of inhaled oxygen to maintain life. But, at high concentrations oxygen induces lung injury, edema, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, probably by stimulating the generation of reactive oxygen radicals and subsequent neutrophil infiltration. In addition to regulating neutrophil diapedesis, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression is marked on

Craig D. Wegner; Walter W. Wolyniec; April M. LaPlante; Kristin Marschman; Klaus Lubbe; Nancy Haynes; Robert Rothlein; L. Gordon Letts

1992-01-01

24

Targeting sites of inflammation: intercellular adhesion molecule-1 as a target for novel inflammatory therapies  

PubMed Central

Targeted drug delivery to sites of inflammation will provide effective, precise, and safe therapeutic interventions for treatment of diverse disease conditions, by limiting toxic side effects and/or increasing drug action. Disease-site targeting is believed to play a major role in the enhanced efficacy observed for a variety of drugs when formulated inside lipid vesicles. This article will focus on the factors and mechanisms involved in drug targeting to sites of inflammation and the importance of cell adhesion molecules, in particular intercellular adhesion molecule-1, in this process. PMID:24109453

Hua, Susan

2013-01-01

25

Structure and chromosomal location of the gene for endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1.  

PubMed

Endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed by cytokine-activated endothelium that mediates the adhesion of blood neutrophils. Endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 is a member of the selectin family of cell adhesion molecules each of which contain an amino-terminal lectin-like domain, followed by an epidermal growth factor-like domain and a variable number of short consensus repeats similar to those found in complement binding proteins. Genomic clones encoding the ELAM gene were isolated and the organization of the ELAM gene was determined. The gene, which is present in a single copy in the human genome, contains 14 exons spanning about 13 kilobases of DNA. The positions of exon-intron boundaries correlate with the putative functional subdivisions of the protein. Introns are found at similar positions in all of the six complement regulatory repeats, suggesting that these elements arose by internal gene duplication. A consensus TATAA element is located upstream of the transcriptional start site. The ELAM promoter contains an inverted CCAAT box and consensus NF-kappa B- and AP-1-binding sites. The ELAM gene was assigned to the q12 greater than qter region of human chromosome 1 by analysis of human-mouse hybrid cell lines. Two other members of the selectin gene family, the leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (LAM-1, TQ1, LEC-CAM 1, or Leu-8) and the granule membrane protein 140 (GMP-140, PADGEM, or CD62) have been localized to the long arm of chromosome 1, as have the structurally related complement binding proteins, suggesting that these genes may share a common evolutionary history. PMID:1703529

Collins, T; Williams, A; Johnston, G I; Kim, J; Eddy, R; Shows, T; Gimbrone, M A; Bevilacqua, M P

1991-02-01

26

Chemotactic factors regulate lectin adhesion molecule 1 (LECAM-1)-dependent neutrophil adhesion to cytokine-stimulated endothelial cells in vitro.  

PubMed Central

Monoclonal antibodies recognizing CD18, CD11a, CD11b, and neutrophil lectin adhesion molecule 1 (LECAM-1), i.e., the human homologue of the murine MEL-14 antigen, were used to assess the relative contribution of these glycoproteins to neutrophil-endothelial adhesion. Under static conditions, the adhesion of neutrophils to IL-1-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) monolayers was inhibited by antibodies to CD18, CD11a, and the neutrophil LECAM-1, and the effect of combining anti-LECAM-1 and anti-CD11a was almost additive. Under flow at a wall shear stress 1.85 dyn/cm2, a condition where CD18-dependent adhesion is minimal, anti-LECAM-1 inhibited adhesion by greater than 50%. Chemotactic stimulation of neutrophils induced a rapid loss of LECAM-1 from the neutrophil surface, and the level of neutrophil surface LECAM-1 was closely correlated with adhesion under flow. Neutrophils contacting the activated endothelial cells for 30 min lost much of their surface LECAM-1, a phenomenon induced by a soluble factor or factors released into the medium by the stimulated monolayers, and a high percentage migrated through the HUVEC monolayer. This migration was almost completely inhibited by anti-CD18, but was unaffected by antibodies to neutrophil LECAM-1. These results support the concept that LECAM-1 is a neutrophil adhesion molecule that participates in the adherence of unstimulated neutrophils to cytokine-stimulated endothelial cells under conditions of flow, and is then lost from the neutrophil surface coincident with the engagement of CD18-dependent mechanisms leading to transendothelial migration. PMID:1991844

Smith, C W; Kishimoto, T K; Abbassi, O; Hughes, B; Rothlein, R; McIntire, L V; Butcher, E; Anderson, D C; Abbass, O

1991-01-01

27

CCN4 induces vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in human synovial fibroblasts and promotes monocyte adhesion.  

PubMed

CCN4 is a cysteine-rich protein that belongs to the Cyr61, CTGF, Nov family of matricellular proteins. Here, we investigated the intracellular signaling pathways involved in CCN4-induced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in human osteoarthritis synovial fibroblasts. Stimulation of OASFs with CCN4 induced VCAM-1 expression. CCN4-induced VCAM-1 expression was attenuated by ?v?5 or ?6?1 integrin antibody, Syk inhibitor, PKC? inhibitor (rottlerin), JNK inhibitor (SP600125), and AP-1 inhibitors (curcumin and tanshinone). Stimulation of cells with CCN4 increased Syk, PKC?, and JNK activation. Treatment of OASFs with CCN4 also increased c-Jun phosphorylation, AP-1-luciferase activity, and c-Jun binding to the AP-1 element in the VCAM-1 promoter. Moreover, up-regulation of VCAM-1 increased the adhesion of monocytes to OASF monolayers, and this adhesion was attenuated by transfection with a VCAM-1 siRNA. Our results suggest that CCN4 increases VCAM-1 expression in human OASFs via the Syk, PKC?, JNK, c-Jun, and AP-1 signaling pathways. The CCN4-induced VCAM-1 expression promoted monocyte adhesion to human OASFs. PMID:23313051

Liu, Ju-Fang; Hou, Sheng-Mou; Tsai, Chun-Hao; Huang, Chun-Yin; Hsu, Chin-Jung; Tang, Chih-Hsin

2013-05-01

28

Integrin engagement mediates tyrosine dephosphorylation on platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1.  

PubMed Central

Platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1, CD31) is a 130-kDa member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily expressed on endothelial cells, platelets, neutrophils, and monocytes and plays a role during endothelial cell migration. Phosphoamino acid analysis and Western blot analysis with anti-phosphotyrosine antibody show that endothelial PECAM-1 is tyrosine-phosphorylated. Phosphorylation is decreased with endothelial cell migration on fibronectin and collagen and with cell spreading on fibronectin but not on plastic. Cell adhesion on anti-integrin antibodies is also able to specifically induce PECAM-1 dephosphorylation while concurrently inducing pp125 focal adhesion kinase phosphorylation. Inhibition of dephosphorylation with sodium orthovanadate suggests that this effect is at least partially mediated by phosphatase activity. Tyr-663 and Tyr-686 are identified as potential phosphorylation sites and mutated to phenylalanine. When expressed, both mutants show reduced PECAM-1 phosphorylation but Phe-686 mutants also show significant reversal of PECAM-1-mediated inhibition of cell migration and do not localize PECAM-1 to cell borders. Our results suggest that beta 1-integrin engagement can signal to dephosphorylate PECAM-1 and that this signaling pathway may play a role during endothelial cell migration. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 7 PMID:8876219

Lu, T T; Yan, L G; Madri, J A

1996-01-01

29

Endothelial selectins and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 promote hematopoietic progenitor homing to bone marrow  

PubMed Central

The adhesive mechanisms allowing hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) homing to the bone marrow (BM) after BM transplantation are poorly understood. We investigated the role of endothelial selectins and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in this process. Lethally irradiated recipient mice deficient in both P-and E-selectins (P/E?/?), reconstituted with minimal numbers (?5 × 104) of wild-type BM cells, poorly survived the procedure compared with wild-type recipients. Excess mortality in P/E?/? mice, after a lethal dose of irradiation, was likely caused by a defect of HPC homing. Indeed, we observed that the recruitment of HPC to the BM was reduced in P/E?/? animals, either splenectomized or spleen-intact. Homing into the BM of P/E?/? recipient mice was further compromised when a function-blocking VCAM-1 antibody was administered. Circulating HPC, 14 hr after transplantation, were greatly increased in P/E?/? mice treated with anti-VCAM-1 compared with P/E?/? mice treated with just IgG or wild-type mice treated with either anti-VCAM-1 or IgG. Our results indicate that endothelial selectins play an important role in HPC homing to the BM. Optimal recruitment of HPC after lethal doses of irradiation requires the combined action of both selectins and VCAM-1 expressed on endothelium of the BM. PMID:9826716

Frenette, Paul S.; Subbarao, Sangeetha; Mazo, Irina B.; von Andrian, Ulrich H.; Wagner, Denisa D.

1998-01-01

30

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1-targeted detection of endothelial activation in human microvasculature.  

PubMed

The hallmark of endothelial activation, an early and critical step in many alloimmune and inflammatory responses, is the transcriptional induction and expression of endothelial adhesion molecules (eg, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 [VCAM-1]). We assessed the feasibility of VCAM-1-targeted in vivo detection of endothelial activation using I-125-labeled-F(ab')2 fragments of E1/6, a monoclonal antibody against human but not murine VCAM-1. The Kd and Bmax, determined by saturation binding in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-activated human endothelial cells (ECs), were 3.2 +/- 0.6 nmol/L and 5600 +/- 300 binding sites per EC, respectively. Biodistribution and in vivo binding characteristics of I-125-E1/6 F(ab')2 were assessed in a novel chimeric human/mouse model, in which human skin (as a source of human microvasculature) is grafted onto SCID/beige mice. I-125-E1/6 F(ab')2 localized to TNF-activated human skin grafts as detected by autoradiography and gamma well-counting. Relative uptakes (uptake in human skin graft/uptake in the surrounding mouse skin) were, respectively, 2.6 +/- 0.8 (n = 14) and 1.6 +/- 0.3 (n = 12) for E1/6 and MOPC-21, an isotype-matched control antibody (P < .01). The preferential uptake in human skin graft was not due to differences in tissue vascularity assessed by Tc-99m-labeled murine red blood cells. In conclusion, the chimeric human/mouse model is a novel experimental tool for in vivo evaluation of human endothelial cell-specific radiopharmaceuticals. Although I-125-E1/6 F(ab')2 localized to human skin grafts, the limited number of VCAM-1 molecules/endothelial cell adversely affects its suitability as a target for in vivo imaging of endothelial activation. PMID:15251390

Sadeghi, M M; Schechner, J S; Krassilnikova, S; Gharaei, A A; Zhang, J; Kirkiles-Smith, N; Sinusas, A J; Zaret, B L; Bender, J R

2004-06-01

31

Increased Osteoclastogenesis in Mice Lacking the Carcinoembryonic Antigen-Related Cell Adhesion Molecule 1  

PubMed Central

Alterations in bone remodeling are a major public health issue, as therapeutic options for widespread bone disorders such as osteoporosis and tumor-induced osteolysis are still limited. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the regulatory mechanism governing bone cell differentiation in health and disease are of utmost clinical importance. Here we report a novel function of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1), a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily involved in inflammation and tumorigenesis, in the physiologic regulation of bone remodeling. Assessing the expression of all members of the murine Ceacam family in bone tissue and marrow, we found CEACAM1 and CEACAM10 to be differentially expressed in both bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts. While Ceacam10-deficient mice displayed no alteration in structural bone parameters, static histomorphometry demonstrated a reduced trabecular bone mass in mice lacking CEACAM1. Furthermore, cellular and dynamic histomorphometry revealed an increased osteoclast formation in Ceacam1-deficient mice, while osteoblast parameters and the bone formation rate remained unchanged. In line with these findings, we detected accelerated osteoclastogenesis in Ceacam1-deficient bone marrow cells, while osteoblast differentiation, as determined by mineralization and alkaline phosphatase assays, was not affected. Therefore, our results provide in vivo and in vitro evidence for a physiologic role of CEACAM1 in the regulation of osteoclastogenesis. PMID:25490771

Jeschke, Anke; Seitz, Sebastian; Schulze, Jochen; Ito, Wulf D.; Zimmermann, Wolfgang; Amling, Michael; Schinke, Thorsten; Horst, Andrea Kristina; Keller, Johannes

2014-01-01

32

Early Growth Response Protein 1 Promotes Restenosis by Upregulating Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 in Vein Graft  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To verify the relationship between Egr-1 and vein graft restenosis and investigate the related mechanisms. Methods. Mouse vein graft models were established in Egr-1 knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. The vein grafts in the mice were taken for pathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis. The endothelial cells (ECs) were stimulated by using a computer-controlled cyclic stress unit. BrdU staining and PCR were used to detect ECs proliferation activity and Egr-1 and ICAM-1 mRNA expression, respectively. Western-blot analysis was also used to detect expression of Egr-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) proteins. Results. The lumens of vein grafts in Egr-1 KO mice were wider than in WT mice. ECs proliferation after mechanical stretch stimulation was suppressed by Egr-1 knockout (P < 0.05). Both in vein grafts and ECs from WT mice after mechanical stretch stimulation, mRNA expression and protein of Egr-1 and ICAM-1 showed increases (P < 0.05). However, ICAM-1 expression was significantly suppressed in ECs from Egr-1 knockout mice (P < 0.05). Conclusions. Egr-1 may promote ECs proliferation and result in vein graft restenosis by upregulating the expression of ICAM-1. As a key factor of vein graft restenosis, it could be a target for the prevention of restenosis after CABG surgery. PMID:24386503

Zhang, Kui; Cao, Jian; Dong, Ran; Du, Jie

2013-01-01

33

Correlation of blood levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 with disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus and vasculitis.  

PubMed

Levels of soluble adhesion molecules have been shown to reflect their cell surface expression in vitro, and thus may provide a useful surrogate marker of surface expression at inflammatory sites. In patients with SLE and vasculitis, serum levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and E-Selection were determined by ELISA during different stages of disease activity. Levels of soluble(s) VCAM-1 correlated with disease activity in patients with SLE, being significantly higher during active compared with inactive disease (P = 0.003), and normalizing with clinical remission. By contrast, in patients with vasculitis, although sVCAM-1 levels were elevated in active disease, they fell but did not normalize in inactive disease, suggesting that treatment may be suppressing the clinical manifestations rather than targeting the underlying pathogenic mechanism. Soluble ICAM-1 and E-Selectin levels did not relfect disease activity in either SLE or vasculitis. PMID:7528085

Janssen, B A; Luqmani, R A; Gordon, C; Hemingway, I H; Bacon, P A; Gearing, A J; Emery, P

1994-12-01

34

Selected immunological changes in patients with Goeckerman's therapy TNF-alpha, sE-selectin, sP-selectin, sICAM-1 and IL-8.  

PubMed

Psoriasis is one of the most frequent inflammatory skin diseases in which abnormal individual immune reactivity plays an important role. The aim of the present study was to describe selected immunological changes, concerning pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-8) and adhesion molecules (sE-selectin, sP-selectin, sICAM-1), in 56 patients cured by Goeckerman's therapy (GT). GT includes dermal application of crude coal tar (containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and exposure to UV radiation. When compared with the control group (healthy blood donors), the patients before GT had significantly increased serum levels of sE-selectin (p<0.001), sP-selectin (p<0.001), sICAM-1 (p<0.001) and IL-8 (p<0.001). Significantly decreased serum levels of sE-selectin (p<0.05) and significantly increased serum levels of IL-8 (p<0.05) were found after GT therapy. Serum levels of sICAM significantly correlated with the disease activity and with serum levels of sE-selectin. The level of PASI score (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) significantly decreased after GT (p<0.001) and confirms the high efficiency GT. These findings confirmed that pro-inflammatory chemokine (IL-8) and adhesion molecules (sE-selectin, sP-selectin, sICAM-1) play an important role in the development and regulation of inflammation in psoriasis. Determination of sE-selectin and sICAM seems to be a promising marker of psoriasis's activity. Chemokine pathway (IL-8) and TNF-alpha activity seem to be modulated by Goeckerman's therapy (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons). PMID:16497101

Borská, L; Fiala, Z; Krejsek, J; Andrýs, C; Vokurková, D; Hamáková, K; Kremlácek, J; Ettler, K

2006-01-01

35

Enhancement of Monocyte Procoagulant Activity by Adhesion on Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1-Transfected Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Plaque erosion is a frequent finding in sudden death due to coronary thrombosis. The present study sought to investigate whether monocyte adhesion to human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induces procoagulant activity (PCA) and whether this could be mediated by intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Methods and Results—We incubated mononuclear cells (MNCs) with VSMCs and ICAM-1-transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)

Nikolaus Marx; Franz-Josef Neumann; Dietlind Zohlnhofer; Timm Dickfeld; Almuth Fischer; Susanne Heimerl; Albert Schomig

36

Interaction of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM1) Polymorphisms and Environmental Tobacco Smoke on Childhood Asthma  

PubMed Central

Asthma is a chronic disease that is particularly common in children. The association between polymorphisms of the gene encoding intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) and gene-environment interactions with childhood asthma has not been fully investigated. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate these associations among children in Taiwan. The effects of two functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ICAM1, rs5491 (K56M) and rs5498 (K469E), and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) were studied. Two hundred and eighteen asthmatic and 877 nonasthmatic children were recruited from elementary schools. It was found that the genetic effect of each SNP was modified by the other SNP and by exposure to ETS. The risk of asthma was higher for children carrying the rs5491 AT or TT genotypes and the rs5498 GG genotype (odds ratio = 1.68, 95% confidence interval 1.09–2.59) than for those with the rs5491 AA and rs5498 AA or AG genotypes (the reference group). The risk for the other two combinations of genotypes did not differ significantly from that of the reference group (p of interaction = 0.0063). The two studied ICAM1 SNPs were associated with childhood asthma among children exposed to ETS, but not among those without ETS exposure (p of interaction = 0.05 and 0.01 for rs5491 and rs5498, respectively). Both ICAM1 and ETS, and interactions between these two factors are likely to be involved in the development of asthma in childhood. PMID:25003170

Li, Yu-Fen; Lin, Che-Chen; Tai, Chien-Kuo

2014-01-01

37

Leukocytosis and resistance to septic shock in intercellular adhesion molecule 1-deficient mice.  

PubMed

Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is one of three immunoglobulin superfamily members that bind to the integrins lymphocyte function associated 1 (LFA-1) and Mac-1 on leukocytes. We have generated mice that are genetically and functionally deficient in ICAM-1. These mice have elevated numbers of circulating neutrophils and lymphocytes, as well as diminished allogeneic T cell responses and delayed type hypersensitivity. Mutant mice are resistant to lethal effects of high doses of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]), and this correlates with a significant decrease in neutrophil infiltration in the liver. Production of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha or interleukin 1 is normal in ICAM-1-deficient mice, and thus protection appears to be related to a diminution in critical leukocyte-endothelial interactions. After sensitization with D-galactosamine (D-Gal), ICAM-1-deficient mice are resistant to the lethal effect of low doses of exotoxin (Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B [SEB]), which has been shown to mediate its toxic effects via the activation of specific T cells. In this model, ICAM-1-mediated protection against SEB lethality correlates with a decrease in the systemic release of inflammatory cytokines, as well as with prevention of extensive hepatocyte necrosis and hemorrhage. ICAM-1-deficient mice sensitized with D-Gal, however, are not protected from lethality when challenged with low doses of endotoxin (LPS). These studies show that the different contribution of ICAM-1 in the activation of either T cells or macrophages is decisive for the fatal outcome of the shock in these two models. This work suggests that anti-ICAM-1 therapy may be beneficial in both gram-positive and -negative septic shock, either by reducing T cell activation or by diminishing neutrophil infiltration. PMID:7911822

Xu, H; Gonzalo, J A; St Pierre, Y; Williams, I R; Kupper, T S; Cotran, R S; Springer, T A; Gutierrez-Ramos, J C

1994-07-01

38

Leukocytosis and resistance to septic shock in intercellular adhesion molecule 1-deficient mice  

PubMed Central

Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is one of three immunoglobulin superfamily members that bind to the integrins lymphocyte function associated 1 (LFA-1) and Mac-1 on leukocytes. We have generated mice that are genetically and functionally deficient in ICAM-1. These mice have elevated numbers of circulating neutrophils and lymphocytes, as well as diminished allogeneic T cell responses and delayed type hypersensitivity. Mutant mice are resistant to lethal effects of high doses of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]), and this correlates with a significant decrease in neutrophil infiltration in the liver. Production of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha or interleukin 1 is normal in ICAM-1-deficient mice, and thus protection appears to be related to a diminution in critical leukocyte-endothelial interactions. After sensitization with D- galactosamine (D-Gal), ICAM-1-deficient mice are resistant to the lethal effect of low doses of exotoxin (Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B [SEB]), which has been shown to mediate its toxic effects via the activation of specific T cells. In this model, ICAM-1-mediated protection against SEB lethality correlates with a decrease in the systemic release of inflammatory cytokines, as well as with prevention of extensive hepatocyte necrosis and hemorrhage. ICAM-1-deficient mice sensitized with D-Gal, however, are not protected from lethality when challenged with low doses of endotoxin (LPS). These studies show that the different contribution of ICAM-1 in the activation of either T cells or macrophages is decisive for the fatal outcome of the shock in these two models. This work suggests that anti-ICAM-1 therapy may be beneficial in both gram-positive and -negative septic shock, either by reducing T cell activation or by diminishing neutrophil infiltration. PMID:7911822

1994-01-01

39

L-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 regulate the development of Concanavalin A-induced liver injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced hepa- titis is a model for human T cell-mediated hepatitis. We evaluated the role of L-selectin and intercellu- lar adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in this model by injecting Con A intravenously in mice lacking L- selectin (L-selectin\\/), ICAM-1 (ICAM-1\\/), or both (L-selectin\\/ICAM-1\\/). Blood and liver sam- ples were collected 0, 8, 24, and 48 h after Con

Ayako Kawasuji; Minoru Hasegawa; Mayuka Horikawa; Tomoyuki Fujita; Yukiyo Matsushita; Takashi Matsushita; Manabu Fujimoto; Douglas A. Steeber; Thomas F. Tedder; Kazuhiko Takehara; Shinichi Sato

2006-01-01

40

Up-regulation of intestinal nuclear factor kappa B and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 following traumatic brain injury in rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Abstract Abstract Abstract AIM: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-?B) regulates a large number of genes involved in the inflammatory response to critical illnesses, but it is not known if and how NF-?B is activated and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expressed in the gut following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of current study was to investigate the temporal pattern

Chun-Hua Hang; Ji-Xin Shi; Jie-Shou Li; Wei-Qin Li; Hong-Xia Yin

2005-01-01

41

Monocyte adhesion to endothelium in simian immunodeficiency virus-induced AIDS encephalitis is mediated by vascular cell adhesion molecule-1/alpha 4 beta 1 integrin interactions.  

PubMed Central

Because the mechanisms associated with recruitment of monocytes to brain in AIDS encephalitis are unknown, we used tissues from rhesus monkeys infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) to examine the relative contributions of various adhesion pathways in mediating monocyte adhesion to endothelium from encephalitic brain. Using a modified Stamper and Woodruff tissue adhesion assay, we found that the human monocytic cell lines, THP-1 and U937, and the B cell line, Ramos, preferentially bound to brain vessels from monkeys with AIDS encephalitis. Using a combined tissue adhesion/immunohistochemistry approach, these cells only bound to vessels expressing vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Furthermore, pretreatment of tissues with antibodies to VCAM-1 or cell lines with antibodies to VLA-4 (CD49d) inhibited adhesion by more than 70%. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)/beta 2 integrin interactions were not significant in mediating cell adhesion to the vasculature in encephalitic simian brain using a cell line (JY) capable of binding rhesus monkey ICAM-1. In addition, selectin-mediated interactions did not significantly contribute to cell binding to encephalitic brain as there was no immunohistochemical expression of E-selectin and P-selectin in either normal or encephalitic brain, nor was there a demonstrable adhesive effect from L-selectin using L-selectin-transfected 300.19 cells on simian encephalitic brain. These results demonstrate that using the tissue adhesion assay, THP-1, U937, and Ramos cells bind to vessels in brain from animals with AIDS encephalitis using VCAM-1/alpha 4 beta 1 integrin interactions and suggest that VCAM-1 and VLA-4 may be integral for monocyte recruitment to the central nervous system during the development of AIDS encephalitis. Images Figure 1 PMID:7507300

Sasseville, V. G.; Newman, W.; Brodie, S. J.; Hesterberg, P.; Pauley, D.; Ringler, D. J.

1994-01-01

42

Association of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) with actin- containing cytoskeleton and alpha-actinin  

PubMed Central

We have studied the cytoskeletal association of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1, CD54), an integral membrane protein that functions as a counterreceptor for leukocyte integrins (CD11/CD18). A linkage between ICAM-1 and cytoskeletal elements was suggested by studies showing a different ICAM-1 staining pattern for COS cells transfected with wild-type ICAM-1 or with an ICAM-1 construct that replaces the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains of ICAM-1 with a glycophosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Wild-type ICAM-1 appeared to localize most prominently in microvilli whereas GPI-ICAM-1 demonstrated a uniform cell surface distribution. Disruption of microfilaments with cytochalasin B (CCB) changed the localization of wild-type ICAM-1 but had no effect on GPI-ICAM-1. Some B-cell lines demonstrated a prominent accumulation of ICAM-1 into the uropod region whereas other cell surface proteins examined were not preferentially localized. CCB also induced redistribution of ICAM-1 in these cells. For characterization of cytoskeletal proteins interacting with ICAM-1, a 28-residue peptide that encompasses the entire predicted cytoplasmic domain (ICAM-1,478- 505) was synthesized, coupled to Sepharose-4B, and used as an affinity matrix. One of the most predominant proteins eluted either with soluble ICAM-1,478-505-peptide or EDTA, was 100 kD, had a pI of 5.5, and in Western blots reacted with alpha-actinin antibodies. A direct association between alpha-actinin and ICAM-1 was demonstrated by binding of purified alpha-actinin to ICAM-1,478-505-peptide and to immunoaffinity purified ICAM-1 and by a strict colocalization of ICAM-1 with alpha-actinin, but not with the cytoskeletal proteins talin, tensin, and vinculin. The region of ICAM-1,478-505 interacting with alpha-actinin was mapped to the area close to the membrane spanning region. This region contains several positively charged residues and appears to mediate a charged interaction with alpha-actinin which is not highly dependent on the order of the residues. PMID:1355095

1992-01-01

43

Arsenite enhances tumor necrosis factor-{alpha}-induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1  

SciTech Connect

Epidemiological studies demonstrated a high association of vascular diseases with arsenite exposure. We hypothesize that arsenite potentiates the effect of proinflammatory cytokines on vascular endothelial cells, and hence contributes to atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of arsenite and its induction of glutathione (GSH) on vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) protein expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in response to tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} (TNF-{alpha}), a typical proinflammatory cytokine. Our study demonstrated that arsenite pretreatment potentiated the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression with up-regulations of both activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-{kappa}B (NF-{kappa}B). To elucidate the role of GSH in regulation of AP-1, NF-{kappa}B, and VCAM-1 expression, we employed L-buthionine (S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO), a specific {gamma}-glutamylcysteine synthetase ({gamma}-GCS) inhibitor, to block intracellular GSH synthesis. Our investigation revealed that, by depleting GSH, arsenite attenuated the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression as well as a potentiation of AP-1 and an attenuation of NF-{kappa}B activations by TNF-{alpha}. Moreover, we found that depletion of GSH would also attenuate the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression with a down-regulation of the TNF-{alpha}-induced NF-{kappa}B activation and without significant effect on AP-1. On the other hand, the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression could be completely abolished by inhibition of AP-1 or NF-{kappa}B activity, suggesting that activation of both AP-1 and NF-{kappa}B was necessary for VCAM-1 expression. In summary, we demonstrate that arsenite enhances the TNF-{alpha}-induced VCAM-1 expression in HUVECs via regulation of AP-1 and NF-{kappa}B activities in a GSH-sensitive manner. Our present study suggested a potential mechanism for arsenite in the induction of vascular inflammation and vascular diseases via modulating the actions of proinflammatory cytokines.

Tsou, T.-C. [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: tctsou@nhri.org.tw; Yeh, Szu Ching [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China); Tsai, E.-M. [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Tsai, F.-Y. [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China); Chao, H.-R. [Department of Environmental and Safety Health Engineering, Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Chang, Louis W. [Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan (China)

2005-11-15

44

Respiratory syncytial virus infection enhances neutrophil and eosinophil adhesion to cultured respiratory epithelial cells. Roles of CD18 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1.  

PubMed

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections in children precipitate acute episodes of respiratory obstruction that are associated with influx of inflammatory cells into the airway. Since RSV can induce the expression of adhesion molecules, particularly intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), by the respiratory epithelium, the hypothesis has been proposed that ICAM-1 expression contributes to airway inflammation by supporting adhesion and retention of infiltrating inflammatory leukocytes. To test this hypothesis, A549 cells (an immortalized human alveolar epithelial type II cell-like fine) were infected with RSV, and the ability of these infected monolayers to support adhesion by human neutrophils (NEUT) and eosinophils (EOS) was measured. RSV infection significantly increased ICAM-1 expression by A549 monolayers (p < 0.001). Although NEUT adhesion to A549 monolayers was significantly enhanced following RSV infection (p < 0.001), infection alone resulted in little change in EOS adherence. However, if EOS were first activated with phorbol ester (PMA), adhesion to both control and RSV-infected A549 cells was enhanced, with greater levels of adhesion supported by RSV-infected cultures (p < 0.001). The requirement for EOS activation (but not for NEUT activation) before adhesion remained when NEU and EOS were prepared and compared from the same donor. Despite this difference, NEUT and EOS adhesion was reduced by blocking Abs to epithelial ICAM-1 or granulocyte CD18 adhesion proteins (p < 0.01). However, only NEUT adhesion was blocked by Ab to CD11a. Our results show that RSV infections of respiratory epithelial monolayers can promote inflammatory cell adherence which could, in turn, potentially contribute to the airway injury and obstruction that accompanies bronchiolitis. PMID:8648124

Stark, J M; Godding, V; Sedgwick, J B; Busse, W W

1996-06-15

45

Thrombin-induced expression of endothelial P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1: a mechanism for stabilizing neutrophil adhesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thrombin-induced expression of endothelial adhesivity toward neutrophils (PMN) was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVEC were challenged with human ot-thrombin for varying durations up to 120 min, after which the cells were fixed with 1% paraformaldehyde and 5~Cr-labeled human PMN were added to determine PMN adhesion. Endothelial adhesivity increased within 15 min after c~-thrombin exposure, and the

Yasuo Sugama; Chinnaswamy Tiruppathi; Kilambi Janakidevi; Thomas T. Andersen; John W. Fenton II; Asrar B. Malik

1992-01-01

46

Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 Expression and Signaling During Disease: Regulation by Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants  

PubMed Central

Abstract The endothelium is immunoregulatory in that inhibiting the function of vascular adhesion molecules blocks leukocyte recruitment and thus tissue inflammation. The function of endothelial cells during leukocyte recruitment is regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants. In inflammatory sites and lymph nodes, the endothelium is stimulated to express adhesion molecules that mediate leukocyte binding. Upon leukocyte binding, these adhesion molecules activate endothelial cell signal transduction that then alters endothelial cell shape for the opening of passageways through which leukocytes can migrate. If the stimulation of this opening is blocked, inflammation is blocked. In this review, we focus on the endothelial cell adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Expression of VCAM-1 is induced on endothelial cells during inflammatory diseases by several mediators, including ROS. Then, VCAM-1 on the endothelium functions as both a scaffold for leukocyte migration and a trigger of endothelial signaling through NADPH oxidase-generated ROS. These ROS induce signals for the opening of intercellular passageways through which leukocytes migrate. In several inflammatory diseases, inflammation is blocked by inhibition of leukocyte binding to VCAM-1 or by inhibition of VCAM-1 signal transduction. VCAM-1 signal transduction and VCAM-1-dependent inflammation are blocked by antioxidants. Thus, VCAM-1 signaling is a target for intervention by pharmacological agents and by antioxidants during inflammatory diseases. This review discusses ROS and antioxidant functions during activation of VCAM-1 expression and VCAM-1 signaling in inflammatory diseases. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 15, 1607–1638. PMID:21050132

Marchese, Michelle E.; Abdala-Valencia, Hiam

2011-01-01

47

Epigenetic Regulation of Tumor Endothelial Cell Anergy: Silencing of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 by Histone Modifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tumors can escape from immunity by repressing leukocyte adhesion molecule expression on tumor endothelial cells and by rendering endothelial cells unresponsive to inflammatory activation. This endothelial cell anergy is induced by angiogenic growth factors and results in reduced leukocyte- vessel wall interactions, thereby attenuating infiltration of leukocytes into the tumor. This report describes a novel mechanism of endothelial cell anergy

Debby M. E. I. Hellebrekers; Karolien Castermans; Emmanuelle Vire; Nicole T. H. Hoebers; Kevin H. Mayo; Grietje Molema; Francois Fuks; Manon van Engeland; Arjan W. Griffioen

2006-01-01

48

Retinoic acid inhibits the regulated expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 by cultured dermal microvascular endothelial cells.  

PubMed Central

The regulated expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAM) on endothelial cells is central to the pathogenesis of various inflammatory processes. Retinoic acid and synthetic derivatives have been demonstrated to exert antiinflammatory effects in cutaneous diseases. To determine modes of retinoid action in the modulation of inflammatory responses, we explored effects of all-trans-retinoic acid (t-RA) on the TNFalpha-induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and E-selectin in cultured human dermal microvascular endothelial cells. Pretreatment with t-RA specifically prevented TNFalpha-induced VCAM-1 expression, but not ICAM-1 and E-selectin induction. t-RA significantly reduced VCAM-1-dependent T cell binding to TNFalpha-treated human dermal microvascular endothelial cells as well. This differential modulation of TNFalpha-induced CAM expression by t-RA was reflected at steady state mRNA levels and in nuclear run-on studies. In transcriptional activation studies, the TNFalpha-mediated activation of the human VCAM-1 promoter was inhibited after t-RA treatment, while the ICAM-1 promoter activation was unaffected, indicating that the selective inhibition of CAM expression is regulated in part at the level of gene transcription. Furthermore, the transcriptional inhibition by t-RA appears to be mediated by its effects upon the activation of NF-kappaB-dependent complex formation. Analysis of protein-DNA binding assays revealed marked inhibition of specific NF-kappaB-dependent binding to the tandem NF-KB sites of the VCAM-1 promoter, but not to the functional NF-kappaB motif of the ICAM-1 promoter. The specific inhibition of cytokine-mediated VCAM-1 gene expression in vitro may provide a potential basis by which retinoids exert their biological effects at sites of inflammation in vivo. PMID:9022083

Gille, J; Paxton, L L; Lawley, T J; Caughman, S W; Swerlick, R A

1997-01-01

49

Benzo[a]pyrene induces intercellular adhesion molecule-1 through a caveolae and aryl hydrocarbon receptor mediated pathway  

SciTech Connect

Toxicologic and epidemiologic studies have linked benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) exposure with cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. The mechanisms of action leading to these diseases have not been fully understood. One key step in the development of atherosclerosis is vascular endothelial dysfunction, which is characterized by increased adhesiveness. To determine if B[a]P could lead to increased endothelial adhesiveness, the effects of B[a]P on human endothelial cell intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression was investigated. B[a]P was able to increase ICAM-1 protein only after pretreatment with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist {beta}-naphthoflavone ({beta}-NF). Knockdown of AhR by siRNA or treatment with AhR antagonist {alpha}-naphthoflavone ({alpha}-NF) eliminated the induction of ICAM-1 from B[a]P, confirming the necessity of AhR in this process. Likewise, B[a]P only increased monocyte adhesion to the vascular endothelium when cells were pretreated with {beta}-NF. Experiments were done to define a signaling mechanism. B[a]P increased phosphorylation of MEK and p38-MAPK, and inhibitors to these proteins blunted the ICAM-1 induction. B[a]P was also able to increase AP-1 DNA binding and phosphorylation of cJun. Phosphorylation of cJun was disrupted by MEK and p38-MAPK inhibitors linking the signaling cascade. Finally, the importance of membrane microdomains, caveolae, was demonstrated by knockdown of the structural protein caveolin-1. Disruption of caveolae eliminated the B[a]P-induced ICAM-1 expression. These data suggest a possible pro-inflammatory mechanism of action of B[a]P involving caveolae, leading to increased vascular endothelial adhesiveness, and this inflammation may be a critical step in the development of B[a]P-induced atherosclerosis.

Oesterling, Elizabeth [Graduate Center for Toxicology, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States); Toborek, Michal [Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States); Hennig, Bernhard [Graduate Center for Toxicology, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States); Molecular and Cell Nutrition Laboratory, College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0200 (United States)], E-mail: bhennig@uky.edu

2008-10-15

50

Identification of monoclonal antibody epitopes and critical residues for rhinovirus binding in domain 1 of intercellular adhesion molecule 1.  

PubMed Central

Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is the cellular receptor for the major group of human rhinoviruses (HRVs) and the adhesion ligand of lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1. Analysis of a series of chimeric exchanges between human and murine ICAM-1 shows that two distinct epitopes recognized by monoclonal antibodies that block rhinovirus attachment and cell adhesion map to the N-terminal first domain of ICAM-1. Furthermore the specificity for HRV binding is entirely contained within the first 88 amino acids. Mutagenesis of the four sites of N-linked glycosylation within the second domain shows that carbohydrate is not involved in virus recognition. Homologue replacement mutagenesis localizes the epitopes for virus-blocking antibodies to two regions of domain 1 predicted to form beta strand D and the loop between the F and G strands of an immunoglobulin-fold structure. Analysis of virus binding to the mutants predicts a large surface of contact between HRV and ICAM-1 domain 1 but shows that the regions most important for virus binding are coincident with the monoclonal antibody epitopes. Images PMID:1716769

McClelland, A; deBear, J; Yost, S C; Meyer, A M; Marlor, C W; Greve, J M

1991-01-01

51

Epidermal Expression of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 is Not a Primary Inducer of Cutaneous Inflammation in Transgenic Mice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Keratinocytes at sites of cutaneous inflammation have increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), a cytokine-inducible adhesion molecule which binds the leukocyte integrins LFA-1 and Mac-1. Transgenic mice were prepared in which the expression of mouse ICAM-1 was targeted to basal keratinocytes by using the human K14 keratin promoter. The level of constitutive expression attained in the transgenic mice exceeded the peak level of ICAM-1 expression induced on nontransgenic mouse keratinocytes in vitro by optimal combinations of interferon ? and tumor necrosis factor ? or in vivo by proinflammatory stimuli such as phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. In vitro adhesion assays demonstrated that cultured transgenic keratinocytes were superior to normal keratinocytes as a substrate for the LFA-1-dependent binding of mouse T cells, confirming that the transgene-encoded ICAM-1 was expressed in a functional form. However, the high level of constitutive ICAM-1 expression achieved on keratinocytes in vivo in these transgenic mice did not result in additional recruitment of CD45^+ leukocytes into transgenic epidermis, nor did it elicit dermal inflammation. Keratinocyte ICAM-1 expression also did not potentiate contact-hypersensitivity reactions to epicutaneous application of haptens. The absence of a spontaneous phenotype in these transgenic mice was not the result of increased levels of soluble ICAM-1, since serum levels of soluble ICAM-1 were equal in transgenic mice and controls. We conclude that elevated ICAM-1 expression on keratinocytes cannot act independently to influence leukocyte trafficking and elicit cutaneous inflammation.

Williams, Ifor R.; Kupper, Thomas S.

1994-10-01

52

Organization, regulatory sequences, and alternatively spliced transcripts of the mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) gene  

SciTech Connect

The mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) is expressed selectively at venular sites of lymphocyte extravasation into mucosal lymphoid tissues and lamina propria, where it directs local lymphocyte trafficking. MAdCAM-1 is a multifunctional type I transmembrane adhesion molecule comprising two distal Ig domains involved in {alpha}4{beta}7 integrin binding, a mucin-like region able to display L-selectin-binding carbohydrates, and a membrane-proximal Ig domain homologous to IgA. We show in this work that the MAdCAM-1 gene is located on chromosome 10 and contains five exons. The signal peptide and each one of the three Ig domains are encoded by a distinct exon, whereas the transmembrane, cytoplasmic tail, and 3{prime}-untranslated region of MAdCAM-1 are combined on a single exon. The mucin-like region and the third Ig domain are encoded together on exon 4. An alternatively spliced MAdCAM-1 mRNA is identified that lacks the mucin/IgA-homologous exon 4-encoded sequences. This short variant of MAdCAM-1 may be specialized to support {alpha}4{beta}7-dependent adhesion strengthening, independent of carbohydrate-presenting function. Sequences 5{prime} of the transcription start site include tandem nuclear factor-KB sites; AP-1, AP-2, and signal peptide-1 binding sites; and an estrogen response element. Our findings reinforce the correspondence between the multidomain structure and versatile functions of this vascular addressin, and suggest an additional level of regulation of carbohydrate-presenting capability, and thus of its importance in lectin-mediated vs. {alpha}4{beta}7-dependent adhesive events in lymphocyte trafficking. 46 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Sampaio, S.O.; Mei, C.; Butcher, E.C. [Stanford Univ. School of Medicine, CA (United States)] [and others

1995-09-01

53

Role of E-selectin and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 in gastritis in food allergy patients  

PubMed Central

Introduction The prevalence of food allergies and other allergic reactions is increasing worldwide, particularly in highly-urbanized populations. Cell adhesion molecules are expressed in response to various pro-inflammatory cytokines. The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 – ICAM-1 (CD54), ICAM-1 (CD106), P-selectin (CD62P), and E-selectin (CD62E) on vascular endothelial cells is induced by such pro-inflammatory cytokines as tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF-?) and interleukin-1 (IL-1). Aim To analyze concentrations of E-selectin and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) in patients with an allergic type of food sensitivity co-existing with gastritis and to compare them to the values determined in individuals with dyspeptic symptoms not associated with allergic disorders. Material and methods The study included 80 patients, among them 50 individuals with food sensitivity confirmed based on compulsory standards, and 30 subjects with dyspeptic symptoms not accompanied by allergic conditions. Venous blood samples were taken from each patient and concentrations of E-selectin and PECAM-1 were determined by means of ELISA. Results Mean concentrations of sE-selectin and sPECAM-1 in patients with food allergy amounted to 54.0 ±21.6 ng/ml and 132.8 ±31.4 ng/ml, respectively. In individuals without food allergy, mean concentrations of sE-selectin and sPECAM-1 were 57.7 ±17.9 ng/ml and 139.6 ±31.1 ng/ml, respectively. Patients with food allergy and individuals with dyspeptic symptoms not associated with food allergy did not differ significantly in terms of sE-selectin concentrations (Mann-Whitney U-test, p = 0.453028). Similarly, no significant intergroup differences were observed with regard to sPECAM-1 concentrations (Mann-Whitney U-test, p = 0.231054). Conclusions Adhesion molecules play an important role in the development of inflammation. This study did not find significant differences in the concentrations of such molecules as sE-selectin and sPECAM-1 between patients with food allergy and gastritis, and subjects in whom gastritis was not accompanied by atopic disorders. A positive correlation between the concentrations of sPECAM-1 and E-selectin was observed in food allergy patients. Consequently, it can be concluded that these molecules participate in the pathogenesis of the inflammatory process independently of the etiopathogenesis of gastritis. PMID:24353485

Przybyszewski, Micha?; Ku?mi?ski, Andrzej; Tlappa, Jacek; Mu?ka, Jacek; Napiórkowska, Katarzyna; Szynkiewicz, Ewa; ?bikowska-Gotz, Magdalena; Bartuzi, Zbigniew

2013-01-01

54

Structural requirements for adhesion of soluble recombinant murine vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 to alpha 4 beta 1  

PubMed Central

This study describes the identification of seven amino acid residues of the vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) that influence binding to the alpha 4 beta 1 receptor. Using recombinant murine VCAM-1-IgG, which is bound by both mouse (WEHI 231) and human (Ramos) lymphoid cells, two approaches demonstrated the crucial role of the first two NH2-terminal Ig-like domains in binding: (a) blocking monoclonal anti-mouse VCAM-1 antibodies bound to only truncation variants that included the first two domains; (b) site-direct mutagenesis of the first NH2-terminal domain showed that alanine substitution of the amino acid residues R36, D40, K46, S54, N65, T72, and E81 partially or completely reduced adherence by human and/or mouse cells. Of these D40, when mutated to A, N, or K (but not E), showed complete abrogation of adherence by mouse and human cells, as well as inability to bind blocking anti-murine VCAM- 1 antibody MVCAM.A429, while not inducing gross structural perturbations in VCAM-1. By molecular modeling, the D40 residue was located on a beta turn connecting two beta strands defined as C and D. The residues R36, K46, S54, N65, T72, and E81, which perturb cell adherence and caused small changes to gross structure, are conformationally near or adjacent to D40. Although these residues, identified as crucial for cell adhesion, are all located in domain 1, it is evident that there is a structural requirement for domains 1 and 2 to be intact so that cell adhesive function can occur. PMID:7515889

1994-01-01

55

Increased ectodomain shedding of lung epithelial cell adhesion molecule 1 as a cause of increased alveolar cell apoptosis in emphysema  

PubMed Central

Rationale Alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis and protease/antiprotease imbalance based proteolysis play central roles in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema but molecular mechanisms underlying these two events are not yet clearly understood. Cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) is a lung epithelial cell adhesion molecule in the immunoglobulin superfamily. It generates two membrane associated C terminal fragments (CTFs), ?CTF and ?CTF, through protease mediated ectodomain shedding. Objective To explore the hypothesis that more CADM1-CTFs are generated in emphysematous lungs through enhanced ectodomain shedding, and cause increased apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells. Methods and results Western blot analyses revealed that CADM1-CTFs increased in human emphysematous lungs in association with increased ectodomain shedding. Increased apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells in emphysematous lungs was confirmed by terminal nucleotide nick end labelling (TUNEL) assays. NCI-H441 lung epithelial cells expressing mature CADM1 but not CTFs were induced to express ?CTF both endogenously (by shedding inducers phorbol ester and trypsin) and exogenously (by transfection). Cell fractionation, immunofluorescence, mitochondrial membrane potentiometric JC-1 dye labelling and TUNEL assays revealed that CADM1-?CTF was localised to mitochondria where it decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and increased cell apoptosis. A mutation in the intracytoplasmic domain abrogated all three abilities of ?CTF. Conclusions CADM1 ectodomain shedding appeared to cause alveolar cell apoptosis in emphysematous lungs by producing ?CTF that accumulated in mitochondria. These data link proteolysis to apoptosis, which are two landmark events in emphysema. PMID:24092566

Mimae, Takahiro; Hagiyama, Man; Inoue, Takao; Yoneshige, Azusa; Kato, Takashi; Okada, Morihito; Murakami, Yoshinori; Ito, Akihiko

2014-01-01

56

Silica exposure increases expression of pulmonary intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in C57Bl/6 mice.  

PubMed

Although the pathogenic mechanisms underlying silica-induced lung damage are well described, few studies have examined the expression and role of adhesion molecules in lung injury induced by this particle. Here we report that intratracheal instillation of silica crystals (alpha quartz) (SI) into the lungs of C57Bl/6 mice results in a significant increase in levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in lung tissue and in lung lavage fluid. This increased expression of ICAM-1 appeared to be associated with later (> or = 24 h) cell influx and lung injury rather than in the initiation of these events. Exposure of mice to the nontoxic particle titanium dioxide did not elicit increased expression of ICAM-1 in lung tissue or lavage fluid. Passive administration of rat anti-mouse ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody significantly decreased the influx of neutrophils (PMNs) into the alveoli and the levels of lung tissue ICAM-1 and yet had no effect on measures of lung injury or increased collagen deposition. These data suggest that increased ICAM-1 expression in lung tissue following exposure to silica plays a partial role in the trafficking of neutrophils into the airways. PMID:8977627

Nario, R C; Hubbard, A K

1996-12-27

57

De novo expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1, CD54) in pancreas cancer.  

PubMed

We examined the expression of intercellular--adhesion molecule-I (ICAM-I, CD54) in 6 surgically removed pancreatic tumors and 8 pancreatic tumor cell lines. Immunohistochemistry revealed a varying percentage of ICAM-I-positive pancreas tumor cells, while normal pancreatic tissue (except for slight reactivity of endothelial cells) was not stained. The presence of the ICAM-I molecule on the cell surface and the expression of ICAM-I mRNA were investigated for 8 different pancreatic tumor cell lines. Three of these (Capan-I, Capan-2, QGP-I) expressed ICAM-I constitutively. In 4 of the ICAM-I-negative pancreas cancer cell lines, it was possible to induce a remarkable expression of ICAM-I by incubating the cells in the presence of inflammatory cytokines, whereas one cell line, 818-4, remained ICAM-I-negative. The responsiveness to either IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, or IL-I beta treatment was shown to vary from cell line to cell line, indicating complex mechanisms that regulate the expression of ICAM-I at both, the transcriptional and the post-transcriptional level. Interestingly, ICAM-I is shed by pancreatic tumor cells, since soluble sICAM-I was detected in the cell-culture supernatants. In comparison with normal sera, the mean level of sICAM-I in sera of patients with pancreas carcinoma is elevated 2-fold. PMID:8093883

Schwaeble, W; Kerlin, M; Meyer zum Büschenfelde, K H; Dippold, W

1993-01-21

58

Expression of HLA-ABC, HLA-DR and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in oesophageal carcinoma.  

PubMed Central

AIM--To examine the expression of HLA-ABC and HLA-DR major histocompatibility (MHC) antigens and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in normal, inflamed, metaplastic, and neoplastic oesophageal tissue and in freshly disaggregated tumours. METHODS--Sequential sections of frozen tissue and cytospins of freshly disaggregated tumour were stained using the ABC peroxidase system and monoclonal antibodies specific for HLA-ABC, HLA-DR and ICAM-1. RESULTS--Normal oesophageal tissue showed positive staining for HLA-ABC in the basal layers of the oesophageal squamous epithelium and on the epithelial cells of the submucosal oesophageal glands. HLA-DR and ICAM-1 were not detected in either of these cell types. In 20 of 37 (54%) carcinomas HLA-ABC was expressed weakly, with heterogeneous expression in nine (24%). Two tumours showed strong expression of HLA-ABC, but 15 of 37 (41%) were negative. HLA-DR and ICAM-1 were expressed weakly in six of 37 (16%) carcinomas without correlation with each other or with the expression of HLA-ABC. CONCLUSIONS--HLA-ABC is absent from a high proportion of oesophageal carcinomas (41%) and is otherwise variably and weakly expressed with strong expression in only a small fraction (3%). In other carcinomas there is a higher level of HLA-ABC expression. This discrepancy may partly explain the aggressive nature of oesophageal carcinomas. HLA-DR and ICAM-1 are not normally expressed on those cells from which oesophageal carcinomas are thought to arise. The limited expression found here could suggest a partial or inhibited immune response against oesophageal carcinoma. In vivo repressive factors may be involved. Images PMID:7665697

Rockett, J C; Darnton, S J; Crocker, J; Matthews, H R; Morris, A G

1995-01-01

59

Interleukin8 and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Regulation in Oral Epithelial Cells by Selected Periodontal Bacteria: Multiple Effects of Porphyromonas gingivalis via Antagonistic Mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interaction of bacteria with mucosal surfaces can modulate the production of proinflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules produced by epithelial cells. Previously, we showed that expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) by gingival epithelial cells increases following inter- action with several putative periodontal pathogens. In contrast, expression of IL-8 and ICAM-1 is reduced after Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC

GEORGE T.-J. HUANG; DANIEL KIM; JONATHAN K.-H. LEE; HOWARD K. KURAMITSU; SUSAN KINDER HAAKE

2001-01-01

60

Human mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 is preferentially expressed in intestinal tract and associated lymphoid tissue.  

PubMed Central

Lymphocyte homing to normal tissues and recruitment to inflammatory tissue sites are controlled, in part, by the selective expression of chemokines, pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators, and various adhesion proteins and molecules. In the mouse, mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) is selectively expressed on endothelium of high endothelial venules in gut and gut-associated lymphoid tissue. By interaction with its integrin ligand, alpha 4 beta 7, lymphocytes presumed to be involved in mucosal immunity are selectively recruited to these intestinal sites. After generating monoclonal antibodies against a murine cell line expressing recombinant human MAdCAM-1, we qualitatively and semiquantitatively assessed MAdCAM-1 expression in human tissue sections from various normal and inflammatory disorders. We found that human MAdCAM-1, as in the mouse, is expressed in a tissue-selective manner. In normal tissues, MAdCAM-1 is constitutively expressed to endothelium of venules of intestinal lamina propria. Interestingly, using computer-assisted morphometric analysis, the proportion of venular endothelium within lamina propria that expresses MAdCAM-1 is increased, compared with normal tissues, at inflammatory foci associated with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Moreover, for the most part, MAdCAM-1 is not detected in the majority of normal or inflamed extra-intestinal tissues, including those with mucosal surfaces. These results are consistent with a role, as originally defined in the mouse, for human MAdCAM-1 in the localization of alpha 4 beta 7+ lymphocytes in the gastrointestinal tract and associated lymphoid tissue. As such, the pathway defined by MAdCAM-1/alpha 4 beta 7 may be a relevant tissue-specific therapeutic target for the modulation of inflammatory bowel disease activity. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:9212736

Briskin, M.; Winsor-Hines, D.; Shyjan, A.; Cochran, N.; Bloom, S.; Wilson, J.; McEvoy, L. M.; Butcher, E. C.; Kassam, N.; Mackay, C. R.; Newman, W.; Ringler, D. J.

1997-01-01

61

Regulation of leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (TQ1, Leu-8) expression and shedding by normal and malignant cells.  

PubMed

The human leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (LAM-1, TQ1, Leu-8) is involved in the binding of human leukocytes to high endothelial venules (HEV) of peripheral lymph nodes (LN). The regulation of LAM-1 expression is unique in that leukocyte stimulation induces a rapid down-modulation of LAM-1 from the cell surface. In this study, the regulation and function of LAM-1 was studied in detail in normal lymphocytes and compared with the LAM-1 of malignant leukocytes. Modulation of LAM-1 from the cell surface occurred concomitantly with the appearance of LAM-1 in the culture medium indicating that LAM-1 is cleaved from the cell surface. Shedding of LAM-1 was decreased in the presence of protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors. As with normal lymphocytes, cells transfected with the LAM-1 cDNA and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells also shed LAM-1 following phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) exposure. CLL cells expressed the same Mr LAM-1 protein as normal lymphocytes and LAM-1+ CLL cells were able to specifically bind to HEV. In addition, normal lymphocytes and LAM-1+ CLL cells were capable of binding polyphosphomonester core polysaccharide (PPME) derived from yeast cell wall, a carbohydrate which mimics an essential component of the natural ligand for LAM-1, and PPME and HEV binding was specifically blocked by a new monoclonal antibody (mAb) reactive with LAM-1. The expression of LAM-1 and other adhesion molecules was examined on cells of 118 hematopoietic malignancies. LAM-1 was most frequently expressed on CLL and follicular or diffuse small cleaved cell lymphomas, whereas most other malignancies were LAM-1-. Thus, most CLL cells and some non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cells express a functionally active LAM-1 molecule which may correlate with their capacity to migrate through the circulation and disseminate into peripheral LN. PMID:1709244

Spertini, O; Freedman, A S; Belvin, M P; Penta, A C; Griffin, J D; Tedder, T F

1991-04-01

62

Involvement of Interferon-Gamma Genetic Variants and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 in Onset and Progression of Generalized Vitiligo  

PubMed Central

Interferon-gamma (IFN-?) is a paracrine inhibitor of melanocytes and genetic variability due to intron 1 polymorphisms in IFNG has been reported to be associated with increased risk for several autoimmune diseases. The aim of present study was to determine whether intron 1 +874A/T (rs2430561) and CA microsatellite (rs3138557) polymorphisms in IFNG are associated with generalized vitiligo (GV) susceptibility and expression of IFNG and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM1) affects the disease onset and progression. Here we report that IFNG CA microsatellite but not +874A/T may be a genetic risk factor for GV; however, +874T allele plays a crucial role in increased expression of IFNG mRNA and protein levels which could affect the onset and progression of the disease. Active GV patients showed increased IFNG levels compared to stable GV patients. The genotype-phenotype analysis revealed that IFNG expression levels were higher in patients with +874 TT genotypes and 12 CA repeats. Patients with the early age of onset showed higher IFNG expression and female GV patients showed higher IFNG and ICAM1 expression implicating gender biasness and involvement of IFN-? in early onset of the disease. Moreover, the increased IFN-? levels in patients lead to increased ICAM1 expression, which could be a probable link between cytokines and T-cell involvement in pathogenesis of GV. PMID:23777204

Dwivedi, Mitesh; Laddha, Naresh C.; Shah, Kriti; Shah, Bela J.

2013-01-01

63

Immunologic changes in TNF-alpha, sE-selectin, sP-selectin, sICAM-1, and IL-8 in pediatric patients treated for psoriasis with the Goeckerman regimen  

SciTech Connect

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which is often manifested during childhood. The present study investigated changes in the serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines and soluble forms of adhesion molecules in children with psoriasis. The observed patient group of 26 children was treated with the Goeckerman regimen. This therapy combines dermal application of crude coal tar with ultraviolet radiation. The Psoriasis Area Severity Index decreased significantly after treatment by with the Goeckerman regimen (p < 0.001). Serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and adhesion molecules sICAM-1, sP-selectin and sE-selectin decreased after the Goeckerman regimen. The TNF-alpha and sICAM-1 decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Our findings support the complex role of these immune parameters in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis in children. The serum level of IL-8 increased after the Goeckerman regimen. This fact indicates that the chemokine pathway of IL-8 activity could be modulated by this treatment, most likely by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Borska, L.; Fiala, Z.; Krejsek, J.; Andrys, C.; Vokurkova, D.; Hamakova, K.; Kremlacek, J.; Ettler, K. [Charles University of Prague, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic). Faculty of Medicine

2007-11-15

64

Immunologic changes in TNF-alpha, sE-selectin, sP-selectin, sICAM-1, and IL-8 in pediatric patients treated for psoriasis with the Goeckerman regimen.  

PubMed

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which is often manifested during childhood. The present study investigated changes in the serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines and soluble forms of adhesion molecules in children with psoriasis. The observed patient group of 26 children was treated with the Goeckerman regimen. This therapy combines dermal application of crude coal tar with ultraviolet radiation. The Psoriasis Area Severity Index decreased significantly after treatment by with the Goeckerman regimen (p < 0.001). Serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and adhesion molecules sICAM-1, sP-selectin and sE-selectin decreased after the Goeckerman regimen. The TNF-alpha and sICAM-1 decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Our findings support the complex role of these immune parameters in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis in children. The serum level of IL-8 increased after the Goeckerman regimen. This fact indicates that the chemokine pathway of IL-8 activity could be modulated by this treatment, most likely by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. PMID:18035981

Borska, Lenka; Fiala, Zdenek; Krejsek, Jan; Andrys, Ctirad; Vokurkova, Doris; Hamakova, Kvetoslava; Kremlacek, Jan; Ettler, Karel

2007-01-01

65

FMC46, a cell protrusion-associated leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 epitope on human lymphocytes and thymocytes.  

PubMed

In this report, we describe a 76-kDa glycoprotein recognized by mAb FMC46 that, by virtue of its concentration on cell protrusions involved in motility, may be important in lymphoid cell locomotion. FMC46 detects an epitope of the leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (LAM-1), a member of the selecting family (LAM-1, Endothelial Leukocyte Adhesion Molecular-1 (ELAM-1), and Granule Membrane Protein-140 (GMP-140), that is expressed on LAM-1-transfected cell lines, is a glycosylation epitope based on its loss after culture in tunicamycin, and is closely related to the LAM-1.2 epitope. FMC46 is expressed at high density on the majority of CD45RA+ and CD45RO+ peripheral blood T cells (60 to 70%) and on a subset of thymocytes that includes the multinegative CD3- CD4- CD8- progenitor cells (100% FMC46hi) and the CD45R0- presumptive thymic generative lineage (70% FMC46hi). It appears at reduced density and frequency on CD45RA- thymocytes (50% FMC46lo), comprised mainly of death-committed thymocytes. Among thymic subsets defined by expression of CD4 and/or CD8, FMC46 is expressed at high density predominantly on a subset of single-positive cells and not on double-positive cells. These results suggest a fundamental role for LAM-1 in thymic development, with a high density preferentially expressed on cells involved in thymic generative processes and a low density on cells progressing to intrathymic death. A major subset of peripheral blood B cells and thymic B cells also express FMC46. Immunohistochemistry on frozen sections indicated strong staining in splenic follicles and around blood vessels, staining of the thymic medulla and subcapsular areas, and staining of the mantle zone of germinal centers of the lymph node. FMC46+ lymphocytes accumulated along high endothelial venules in the lymph node. On locomoting multinegative thymocytes, FMC46 is concentrated on the leading tip of extended processes, on pseudopods, and on ruffles, unlike the distribution of either CD44 or TQ1 (LAM 1.2), suggesting a role in locomotion. On dividing multinegative thymocytes, FMC46 was found almost exclusively along the cleavage furrow, implicating it in detachment processes. We conclude that the properties of the LAM-1 molecule recognized by FMC46 are consistent with a role in detachment phases of motility and of cell interactions. PMID:1711069

Pilarski, L M; Turley, E A; Shaw, A R; Gallatin, W M; Laderoute, M P; Gillitzer, R; Beckman, I G; Zola, H

1991-07-01

66

Structure of the gene encoding the human leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (TQ1, Leu-8) of lymphocytes and neutrophils.  

PubMed

The leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (LAM-1, TQ1, Leu-8), expressed by human lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes, and their precursors, is a member of the selectin family of cellular adhesion/homing receptors which play important roles in leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. These cell surface molecules contain an amino-terminal lectin-like domain followed by an epidermal growth factor-like domain and a variable number of short consensus repeat sequences similar to those found in C3/C4 binding proteins. In this report, the structure of the lyam-1 gene that encodes the LAM-1 protein was determined by isolating overlapping genomic DNA clones that hybridized with a LAM-1 cDNA probe. The lyam-1 gene spans greater than 30 kilo base pairs of DNA and is composed of at least 10 exons. The 5' end of the LAM-1 mRNA was mapped by primer extension analysis revealing a single initiation region for transcription. Exons II through X contain translated sequences; exon II encodes the translation initiation codon; exon III, the leader peptide; IV, the lectin-like domain; V, the epidermal growth factor-like domain; VI and VII, the short consensus repeat units; exon VIII, the transmembrane region; exon IX encodes seven amino acids containing a potential phosphorylation site; and exon X encodes the five remaining amino acids of the cytoplasmic tail and the long 3' untranslated region. Sequencing of LAM-1 cDNA clones derived from neutrophils revealed that the protein expressed by neutrophils would be identical in sequence with the protein expressed by lymphocytes and cDNAs that would encode different isoforms of LAM-1 protein were not detected. In addition, the level of LAM-1 expression by lymphocytes and neutrophils from two patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, a disorder in which linkage of phosphatidylinositol anchors to proteins is defective, was similar to that of normal controls. Therefore, the usage of exons II through X results in the generation of a single major LAM-1 protein product expressed by lymphocytes and neutrophils. PMID:1692315

Ord, D C; Ernst, T J; Zhou, L J; Rambaldi, A; Spertini, O; Griffin, J; Tedder, T F

1990-05-15

67

Increased soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 concentration is associated with impaired coronary flow reserve in cardiac syndrome X.  

PubMed

It is well known that both atherosclerosis initiated by endothelial dysfunction due to inflammatory cascade and coronary flow reserve (CFR) are useful in the functional or risk assessment of coronary microcirculation. The aim of this study is to elucidate the association between early atherosclerotic inflammatory markers and CFR using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in subjects with cardiac syndrome X. A total of 135 individuals (mean age 56 ± 9 years, 79 males and 56 females) with angina or angina-like chest pain and a normal coronary angiogram were enrolled. The early inflammatory biomarkers related to atherosclerosis, namely soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), were compared with analyzed CFR, using TTE and adenosine or dipyridamole, measured within 2 weeks after coronary angiography. There was an inverse correlation between sVCAM-1 and CFR (r = -0.225, P = 0.014). In the two groups divided by a CFR of 2.0, sVCAM-1 was significantly higher in the group with CFR <2.0 than in the group with CFR ?2.0 (n = 21: 757 ± 323 ng/ml, vs n = 114: 628 ± 146 ng/ml, P = 0.007). In multivariate analysis, sVCAM-1 was an independent factor related to a CFR <2.0 (odds ratio 1.003, 95 % confidence interval 1.001-1.006, P = 0.023). Our results showed that sVCAM-1 levels were inversely associated with CFR using TTE in cardiac syndrome X. Further studies are warranted to validate whether increased sVCAM-1 concentration, as an inflammatory modulator, is reflected in the presence of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. PMID:24173712

Shim, Byung Ju; Lee, Dong Hyeon; Youn, Ho Joong

2014-11-01

68

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 K469E Polymorphism and Risk of Coronary Artery Disease: A Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) K469E polymorphism has been implicated in susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD). Several studies investigated the association of this polymorphism with CAD in different populations but the results were contradictory. A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the association between ICAM-1 K469E polymorphism and CAD susceptibility. Material/Methods Databases including PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Weipu Database were searched to find relevant studies. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of associations. A random-effects model was used. Results Fifteen case-control studies including 3088 cases and 3466 controls were included. Overall, a significant association between ICAM-1 K469E polymorphism and CAD was observed in the dominant model (OR=1.80; 95% CI 1.62–2.01; P<0.00001; Pheterogeneity=0.40). In subgroup analysis by ethnicity, a significant association was found among Asians (OR=1.92; 95% CI 1.51–2.43; P<0.00001; Pheterogeneity=0.98) and among Caucasians (OR=1.64; 95% CI 1.30–2.08; P<0.0001; Pheterogeneity=0.04). In the subgroup analysis by age, a significant association was found among young patients (OR=1.46; 95% CI 1.10–1.93; P=0.008; Pheterogeneity=0.21) and old patients (OR=1.92; 95% CI 1.75–2.10; P<0.00001; Pheterogeneity=0.99). Conclusions Results of this meta-analysis suggest that ICAM-1 K469E polymorphism confers a risk factor of CAD. PMID:25503951

Zou, Shengqiang; Pan, Xin; Chen, Zhigang; Wei, Chao; He, Bin; Zhang, Heng

2014-01-01

69

Photocarcinogenesis and inhibition of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 expression in cells of DNA-repair-defective?individuals  

PubMed Central

Cells from patients with xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XP-D) and most patients with trichothiodystrophy (TTD) are deficient in excision repair of ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced DNA damage. Although in both syndromes this defect is based on mutations in the same gene, XPD, only XP-D, not TTD, individuals have an increased risk of skin cancer. Since the reduction in DNA repair capacity is similar in XP-D and TTD patients, it cannot account for the difference in skin cancer risk. The features of XP-D and TTD might therefore be attributable to differences in the immune response following UV-irradiation, a factor which is presumed to be important for photocarcinogenesis. We have measured the capacity of UVB radiation to inhibit expression of the immunological key molecule intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) in cells from three healthy individuals in comparison to cells from three XP-D and three TTD patients. Cells from XP-D patients, but not from TTD patients, exhibited an increased susceptibility to UVB radiation-induced inhibition of ICAM-1 expression. Transfection of XP-D cells with the wild-type XPD cDNA, but not with XPC cDNA, corrected this abnormal phenotype. Thus, the skin cancer risk in DNA repair-defective individuals correlated with the susceptibility of their cells to UVB radiation-induced inhibition of ICAM-1 expression, rather than with their defect in DNA repair. The XPD protein has dual roles: in DNA repair and transcription. The transcriptional role might be important for the control of expression of immunologically relevant genes and thereby contribute to the skin cancer risk of a DNA-repair-deficient individual. PMID:9192652

Ahrens, Constanze; Grewe, Markus; Berneburg, Mark; Grether-Beck, Susanne; Quilliet, Xavier; Mezzina, Mauro; Sarasin, Alain; Lehmann, Alan R.; Arlett, Colin F.; Krutmann, Jean

1997-01-01

70

Modulation of intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 Expression on Human Melanocytes and Melanoma Cells: Evidence for a Regulatory Role of IL6, IL7, TNF?, and UVB Light  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is involved in cell-cell interactions of leukocytes and parenchyma cells and thus plays an important role in immunologic and inflammatory reactions. The expression of ICAM-1 that is found on many different cells such as melanocytes and melanoma cells is induced by various cytokines, including interferon-gamma (IFN?), interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF?). Because expression

Reinhard Kirnbauer; Birgit Charvat; Elisabeth Schauer; Andreas Köck; Agatha Urbanski; Elisabeth Förster; Peter Neuner; Irene Assmann; Thomas A. Luger; Thomas Schwarz

1992-01-01

71

An anti-platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 antibody inhibits leukocyte extravasation from mesenteric microvessels in vivo by blocking the passage through the basement membrane  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1, CD31) plays an active role in the process of leukocyte migration through cultured endothelial cells in vitro and anti-PECAM-1 antibodies (Abs) inhibit accumulation ofleukocytes into sites of inflammation in vivo. Despite the latter, it is still not clear at which stage of leukocyte emigration in vivo PECAM-1 is in- volved. To address this point

M. W. Wakelin; M.-J. Sanz; A. Dewar; S. M. Albelda; S. W. Larkin; N. Boughton-Smith; T. J. Williams; S. Nourshargh

1996-01-01

72

Late and persistent up-regulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression by ionizing radiation in human endothelial cells in vitro.  

PubMed

Adhesion molecules play a key role in cellular traffic through vascular endothelium, in particular during the inflammatory response when leukocytes migrate from blood into tissues. Since inflammation is one of the major consequences of radiation injury, we investigated the effect of ionizing radiation on cell-surface expression of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), the vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Flow cytometry performed on irradiated HUVEC revealed both a time- (from 2 to 10 days) and dose- (from 2 to 10 Gy) dependent up-regulation of basal expression of ICAM-1, and no induction of VCAM-1 or E-selectin. The radiation-induced increase in ICAM-1 expression on HUVEC was correlated with augmented adhesion of neutrophils on irradiated endothelial cells. Interleukin-6 (Il-6) or other soluble factors released by irradiation were not involved in the enhanced ICAM-1 expression by irradiation. Northern blot analysis showed an overexpression of ICAM-1 mRNA from 1 to 6 days after a 10 Gy exposure. Our data suggest that ICAM-1 participates in the radiation-induced inflammatory reaction of the endothelium. PMID:9269313

Gaugler, M H; Squiban, C; van der Meeren, A; Bertho, J M; Vandamme, M; Mouthon, M A

1997-08-01

73

Acute myeloid leukaemia blast cells bind to human endothelium in vitro utilizing E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1).  

PubMed

The adhesion of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) blast cells to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was investigated in vitro. Adhesion of blast cells from 10 cases of AML to unstimulated and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1) stimulated HUVECs was similar to or greater than that of control neutrophils. The extent to which endothelial E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) were involved in this adhesive process was investigated using blocking monoclonal antibodies to these proteins. In the majority of cases studied (7/8), anti-E-selectin significantly inhibited adhesion to IL-1 stimulated endothelium (26-65% inhibition) and in 5/8 cases so did anti-VCAM-1 (maximum of 31% inhibition). All cases were found to express the sialylated Lewis x antigen and very late activation antigen-4, ligands for E-selectin and VCAM-1 respectively. Our results indicate that leukaemic blast cells adhere to human endothelium and that there are E-selectin and, to a lesser extent, VCAM-1-dependent components to this process. Such adhesive interactions are likely to confer on AML blast cells the ability to migrate across the vascular wall and so to establish extravascular disease. PMID:7506565

Cavenagh, J D; Gordon-Smith, E C; Gibson, F M; Gordon, M Y

1993-10-01

74

Rhein inhibits the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells with or without lipopolysaccharide stimulation.  

PubMed

Reducing the expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) is known to decrease inflammation-induced vascular complications. In this study, we explored whether rhein can reduce the inflammation-induced expression of ECAMs in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. HUVECs were treated with different concentrations of rhein with or without 2.5 ?g/ml LPS stimulation. Cell viability was assayed using the MTT method. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were used to measure the transcription and expression levels of ECAMs, including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), E-SELECTIN and related signaling proteins. The results indicated that rhein (0-20 ?mol/L) and LPS (0-10 ?g/ml) had no effect on the viability of HUVECs. LPS could promote the expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and E-SELECTIN. Rhein appeared to target VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and E-SELECTIN, with the transcription and expression of all three factors being reduced by the rhein treatment (10 and 20 ?mol/L). The transcription and expression of VCAM-1 were also reduced by treatment with rhein (10 and 20 ?mol/L) in the presence of LPS stimulation. In conclusion, rhein treatment reduced the expression of VCAM-1 in HUVECs via a p38-dependent pathway. PMID:23711136

Hu, Gang; Liu, Jiang; Zhen, Yong-Zhan; Wei, Jie; Qiao, Yue; Lin, Ya-Jun; Tu, Ping

2013-01-01

75

The Interaction of Activated Integrin Lymphocyte Function-associated Antigen 1 with Ligand Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Induces Activation and Redistribution of Focal Adhesion Kinase and Proline-rich Tyrosine Kinase 2 in T Lymphocytes  

PubMed Central

Integrin receptors play a central role in the biology of lymphocytes, mediating crucial functional aspects of these cells, including adhesion, activation, polarization, migration, and signaling. Here we report that induction of activation of the ?2-integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) in T lymphocytes with divalent cations, phorbol esters, or stimulatory antibodies is followed by a dramatic polarization, resulting in a characteristic elongated morphology of the cells and the arrest of migrating lymphoblasts. This cellular polarization was prevented by treatment of cells with the specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein. Furthermore, the interaction of the activated integrin LFA-1 with its ligand intercellular adhesion molecule 1 induced the activation of the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK-2). FAK activation reached a maximum after 45 min of stimulation; in contrast, PYK-2 activation peaked at 30 min, declining after 60 min. Upon polarization of lymphoblasts, FAK and PYK-2 redistributed from a diffuse localization in the cytoplasm to a region close to the microtubule-organizing center in these cells. FAK and PYK-2 activation was blocked when lymphoblasts were pretreated with actin and tubulin cytoskeleton-interfering agents, indicating its cytoskeletal dependence. Our results demonstrate that interaction of the ?2-integrin LFA-1 with its ligand intercellular adhesion molecule 1 induces remodeling of T lymphocyte morphology and activation and redistribution of the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases FAK and PYK-2. PMID:10359604

Rodríguez-Fernández, José Luis; Gómez, Manuel; Luque, Alfonso; Hogg, Nancy; Sánchez-Madrid, Francisco; Cabañas, Carlos

1999-01-01

76

Deoxypodophyllotoxin inhibits the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha in murine lung epithelial cells.  

PubMed

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is associated with processes of inflammation. We investigated the effects of deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT) on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induced ICAM-1 expression in the mouse lung epithelial cell line, LA4. DPT (5 to 20 nM) inhibited TNF-alpha-induced ICAM-1 expression through nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) in a dose-dependent manner and repressed ICAM-1 promoter activity. NF-kappaB reporter gene activity and DNA binding activity were also strongly inhibited. In addition, DPT inhibited degradation by the TNF-alpha induced inhibitory kappaB-alpha (IkappaB-alpha) in a concentration-dependent manner. Taken together with our previous results suggest DPT might provide a basis for novel anti-inflammatory drug development. PMID:20045926

Jin, Meihua; Lee, Eunkyung; Yang, Ju Hye; Lu, Yue; Kang, SangGu; Chang, Young-Chae; Lee, Seung Ho; Suh, Seok-Jong; Kim, Cheorl-Ho; Chang, Hyeun Wook

2010-01-01

77

The association between serum adhesion molecules and outcome in acute spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage  

PubMed Central

Introduction Serum concentrations of adhesion molecules may be connected to the pathogenesis of secondary brain injury after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study posits the hypothesis that levels of adhesion molecules substantially increase after ICH and are decreased thereafter, and that they can predict treatment outcomes. Methods Two hundred and thirty-nine blood samples were collected from 60 consecutive patients admitted within 24 hours after onset of spontaneous ICH and 60 blood samples were collected from 60 volunteers. Additional samples were obtained on Days 4, 7, 10, and 14 after onset of ICH regardless of clinical deterioration. Results Upon discharge, the therapeutic outcomes of the 60 spontaneous ICH cases based on the modified Rankin Disability Scale (mMRS) showed that 17 had no disability while 8.3% developed delayed cerebral infarction (DCI). Statistical analysis of adhesion molecules between patient groups with good outcome (mMRS = 0 or 1) and poor outcome (mMRS ?2) revealed significant differences in diabetes mellitus (P=0.049), hyperlipidemia (P=0.012), mentality change (P=0.043), ICH volume and intraventricular hemorrhage on admission (P=0.036 and 0.006, respectively), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) on admission (P?0.001), neuro-surgical intervention (P=0.003), and sE-selectin and soluble intercellular cell adhesion-molecule-1 (sICAM-1) levels on admission (P=0.036 and 0.019, respectively). Multiple logistic regression analysis of these significant variables showed that GCS on admission, hyperlipidemia, and sICAM-1 (P=0.039, 0.042, and 0.022, respectively) were independently associated with outcome of acute spontaneous ICH. Conclusion Increased sICAM-1 and sE-selectin levels may imply poor therapeutic outcomes for the treatment of spontaneous ICH during hospitalization. These early inflammatory responses may cause whole-brain injury immediately after spontaneous ICH and offer a potential therapeutic target for such patients. The importance of these findings is that they offer a potential therapeutic target for patients with spontaneous ICH. PMID:22117900

2011-01-01

78

Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 (HTLV1)Induced Syncytium Formation Mediated by Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule1: Evidence for Involvement of Cell Adhesion Molecules in HTLV1 Biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

While studying the potential role of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in infection of endothelial cellsbyhumanimmunodeficiencyvirus(HIV),wefoundthatVCAM-1canmediatehumanT-celllymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-induced syncytium formation. Both expression-vector-encoded and endogenously ex- pressedVCAM-1supportedfusionofuninfectedcellswithHTLV-1-infectedcells.Fusionwasobtainedwithcell lines carrying the HTLV-1 genome and expressing viral proteins but not with an HTLV-1-transformed cell line that does not express viral proteins. In clones of VCAM-1-transfected cells, the degree of syncytium formation

JAMES E. K. HILDRETH; APARNA SUBRAMANIUM; ANDRICHARD A. HAMPTON

1997-01-01

79

FRET Based Quantification and Screening Technology Platform for the Interactions of Leukocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 (LFA-1) with InterCellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1)  

PubMed Central

The interaction between leukocyte function-associated antigen-1(LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) plays a pivotal role in cellular adhesion including the extravasation and inflammatory response of leukocytes, and also in the formation of immunological synapse. However, irregular expressions of LFA-1 or ICAM-1 or both may lead to autoimmune diseases, metastasis cancer, etc. Thus, the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction may serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of these diseases. Here, we developed one simple ‘in solution’ steady state fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique to obtain the dissociation constant (Kd) of the interaction between LFA-1 and ICAM-1. Moreover, we developed the assay into a screening platform to identify peptides and small molecules that inhibit the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction. For the FRET pair, we used Alexa Fluor 488-LFA-1 conjugate as donor and Alexa Fluor 555-human recombinant ICAM-1 (D1-D2-Fc) as acceptor. From our quantitative FRET analysis, the Kd between LFA-1 and D1-D2-Fc was determined to be 17.93±1.34 nM. Both the Kd determination and screening assay were performed in a 96-well plate platform, providing the opportunity to develop it into a high-throughput assay. This is the first reported work which applies FRET based technique to determine Kd as well as classifying inhibitors of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction. PMID:25032811

Chakraborty, Sandeep; Núñez, David; Hu, Shih-Yang; Domingo, María Pilar; Pardo, Julian; Karmenyan, Artashes; Chiou, Arthur

2014-01-01

80

Possible mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of ruscogenin: role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and nuclear factor-kappaB.  

PubMed

Ruscogenin (RUS), first isolated from Ruscus aculeatus, also a major steroidal sapogenin of traditional Chinese herb Radix Ophiopogon japonicus, has been found to exert significant anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic activities. Our previous studies suggested that ruscogenin remarkably inhibited adhesion of leukocytes to a human umbilical vein endothelial cell line (ECV304) injured by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in a concentration-dependent manner. Yet the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, the in vivo effects of ruscogenin on leukocyte migration and celiac prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) level induced by zymosan A were studied in mice. Furthermore, the effects of ruscogenin on TNF-alpha-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation were also investigated under consideration of their key roles in leukocyte recruitment. The results showed that ruscogenin significantly suppressed zymosan A-evoked peritoneal total leukocyte migration in mice in a dose-dependent manner, while it had no obvious effect on PGE(2) content in peritoneal exudant. Ruscogenin also inhibited TNF-alpha-induced over expression of ICAM-1 both at the mRNA and protein levels and suppressed NF-kappaB activation considerably by decreasing NF-kappaB p65 translocation and DNA binding activity. These findings provide some new insights that may explain the possible molecular mechanism of ruscogenin and Radix Ophiopogon japonicus for the inhibition of endothelial responses to cytokines during inflammatory and vascular disorders. PMID:18946195

Huang, Ya-Lin; Kou, Jun-Ping; Ma, Li; Song, Jia-Xi; Yu, Bo-Yang

2008-10-01

81

Absence of trauma-induced leukocyte rolling in mice deficient in both P- selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule 1  

PubMed Central

Leukocyte recruitment during inflammation is achieved through a multistep paradigm that includes margination, selectin-mediated rolling, beta 2 integrin-mediated firm adhesion, emigration, and migration into the site of inflammation. We have used the mouse cremaster muscle as a model of trauma- and cytokine-induced inflammation to study the possible role of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) 1 in leukocyte rolling using gene-targeted mice deficient in ICAM-1, P-selectin, and a combination of P-selectin and ICAM-1. Rolling flux and average leukocyte rolling velocity in ICAM-1- deficient mice was not different from wild-type mice, but P- selectin/ICAM-1-deficient mice showed a total absence of rolling for at least 2 h after surgical trauma. Rolling in both wild-type and ICAM-1- deficient mice 60-120 min after trauma was significantly inhibited by a P-selectin monoclonal antibody (mAb) (RB40.34). In contrast, an mAb (KAT-1) blocking ICAM-1 binding to leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 did not block residual rolling in P-selectin-deficient mice. TNF-alpha induced leukocyte rolling in P-selectin/ICAM-1-deficient mice, but the rolling flux fraction was significantly lower than in TNF- alpha-treated ICAM-1-deficient mice. Leukocyte rolling in P- selectin/ICAM-1-deficient mice treated with TNF-alpha for 3 h was completely blocked by an E-selectin mAb (9A9E3), and partially by an L- selectin mAb (MEL-14). This clearly demonstrates E-selectin-dependent rolling in vivo. Leukocyte rolling velocities were significantly reduced after TNF-alpha treatment and were similar in wild-type and gene-targeted strains. We conclude that the residual trauma-induced leukocyte rolling seen in P-selectin-deficient mice is completely abolished by concomitant ICAM-1 deficiency. This severe defect in leukocyte rolling may explain the absence of leukocyte recruitment into the inflamed peritoneal cavity of P-selectin/ICAM-1-deficient mice at early time points (< or = 4 h). PMID:8551244

1996-01-01

82

Monocyte Trafficking to Hepatic Sites of Bacterial Infection Is Chemokine Independent and Directed by Focal Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Expression  

PubMed Central

Recruitment of CCR2+Ly6Chigh monocytes to sites of infection is essential for efficient clearance of microbial pathogens. Although CCR2-mediated signals promote monocyte emigration from bone marrow, the contribution of CCR2 to later stages of monocyte recruitment remains unresolved. In this article, we show that CCR2 deficiency markedly worsens hepatic Listeria monocytogenes infection because Ly6Chigh monocytes are retained in the bone marrow. Intravenously transferred, CCR2-deficient Ly6Chigh monocytes traffic normally to hepatic foci of infection and contribute to bacterial clearance. Pertussis toxin treatment of adoptively transferred monocytes does not impair their intrahepatic trafficking, suggesting that chemokine signaling, once CCR2+ Ly6Chigh monocytes emigrate from the bone marrow, is not required for monocyte localization to sites of bacterial infection in the liver. Expression of ICAM-1 is induced in close proximity to foci of bacterial infection in the liver, including on CD31+ endothelial cells, and blockade of CD11b and CD44 diminishes monocyte localization to these hepatic foci. Our studies demonstrated that Ly6Chigh monocyte recruitment from the bloodstream to the L. monocytogenes-infected liver does not require chemokine receptor-mediated signals but instead is principally dependent on integrin- and extracellular matrix-mediated monocyte adhesion. PMID:20435926

Shi, Chao; Velázquez, Peter; Hohl, Tobias M.; Leiner, Ingrid; Dustin, Michael L.; Pamer, Eric G.

2010-01-01

83

Recruitment of lymphocytes during cutaneous delayed hypersensitivity in nonhuman primates is dependent on E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1.  

PubMed Central

Previous investigations of cutaneous delayed hypersensitivity (DHR) in humans and animals have demonstrated that lymphocyte recruitment from blood is temporally and spatially associated with the de novo, asynchronous expression of both vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin on dermal endothelium. In this study, DHR was induced in rhesus monkeys sensitized against tuberculin in order to investigate the contribution of E-selectin and VCAM-1 in lymphocyte recruitment to skin. Intravenous infusions of neutralizing doses of F(ab')2 fragments of murine antibodies to either E-selectin or VCAM-1 during the early inductive phases of DHR showed that murine IgG localized to dermal endothelium at the site of DHR in a pattern kinetically similar to the expression of each endothelial adhesion protein. Most importantly, the relative numbers of lymphocytes localized to the inflammatory site were significantly reduced in DHR modified with infusions of antibodies to either VCAM-1 or E-selectin, while the numbers of lymphocytes recruited to skin in the animal given F(ab')2 fragments of an irrelevant murine monoclonal antibody of the same isotype and at the same dose were not changed. Moreover, in individual animals, the relative inhibition achieved with a particular antibody was proportional to the magnitude of expression of the targeted adhesion protein. Therefore, both VCAM-1 and E-selectin are functionally relevant in the genesis of cutaneous DHR, and each appears to contribute to lymphocyte recruitment in relation to its relative degree of expression in any one particular animal. Images PMID:7512984

Silber, A; Newman, W; Sasseville, V G; Pauley, D; Beall, D; Walsh, D G; Ringler, D J

1994-01-01

84

Lymphocyte activation and expression of the human leucocyte-endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (Leu-8/TQ1 antigen).  

PubMed

The Leu-8/TQ1 antigen, recently shown to be the human equivalent of the murine MEL-14 lymph node homing receptor and now designated as leucocyte-endothelial cell adhesion molecule, LECAM-1, has been used to dissect T, B and natural killer (NK) cells into various subpopulations with different functional properties, such as suppressor-inducer (CD4+ Leu-8/TQ1+) or helper (CD4+ Leu-8/TQ1-) T lymphocytes. Diminished Leu-8/TQ1 antigen density has been reported after lymphocyte activation with B- or T-cell specific stimuli for several days. In the present study, we sought to determine the signal requirements for altered Leu-8/TQ1 expression. Exposure of freshly isolated peripheral blood lymphocytes to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and/or calcium ionophores was found to cause rapid down-regulation of the Leu-8 antigen, with little or no Leu-8 reactivity remaining 1 hr after simultaneous addition of PMA and calcium ionophores to the culture medium. TQ1 reactivity was changed in parallel with that of Leu-8. Leu-8 expression of T and B cells was sensitive to both PMA and calcium ionophores, whereas Leu-8 expression of NK cells was affected by PMA but not by the calcium ionophore A23187. The effect of PMA on Leu-8/TQ1 expression could be antagonized by pretreatment with the protein kinase C inhibitor, H7, whereas that of A23187 could not. Partial re-expression of the Leu-8 antigen was seen 3 days after addition of PMA alone but not when it was given together with calcium ionophores. After Leu-8 down-regulation induced by 1 hr treatment with PMA or calcium ionophores. Leu-8 re-expression was observed within 24 hr when stimuli were removed by washing. Activation of T cells with anti-CD3 antibody resulted in a partial reduction of Leu-8/TQ1 expression, first detectable after 1-3 hr of stimulation and maximal at 24 hr. Fully mitogenmic concentrations of concanavalin A (Con A) did not affect Leu-8 expression within the first hours of culture. Transient reduction of Leu-8 expression was seen 24 hr after supraoptimal dosages of Con A, but Con A-stimulated lymphocytes cultured for 4-12 days with interleukin-2 (IL-2) retained Leu-8/TQ1 reactivity to a similar degree as fresh cells. In contrast to Leu-8/TQ1, CD45RA expression was not altered after 1 hr treatment with PMA and/or calcium ionophores but gradually disappeared during 1 week after Con A stimulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1702752

Bührer, C; Berlin, C; Thiele, H G; Hamann, A

1990-11-01

85

C-reactive protein and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 are associated with elevated urinary albumin excretion but do not explain its link with cardiovascular risk.  

PubMed

An elevated urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality, but the pathophysiological mechanism underlying this association is poorly understood. To investigate the role of endothelial dysfunction, leukocyte adhesion, and low-grade inflammation (1) in the development of elevated UAER (study I) and (2) in linking elevated UAER with risk of cardiovascular mortality (study II), we performed a prospective study in an age-, sex-, and glucose tolerance- stratified sample of a population-based cohort aged 50 to 75 years. High levels of von Willebrand factor, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were used as markers of endothelial dysfunction, leukocyte adhesion, and low-grade inflammation, respectively. For study I, subjects who had normal UAER at baseline (n=316 subjects, 66 with type 2 diabetes) were reexamined after a mean follow-up of 6.1 years. The development of elevated UAER was defined as a mean albumin-to-creatinine ratio >2.0 mg/mmol at follow-up. Age-, sex-, and glucose tolerance- adjusted logistic regression analyses showed the development of elevated UAER to be significantly associated with levels of sVCAM-1 and CRP (odds ratio 1.14 [95% CI 1.02 to 1.27] per 10% increase of sVCAM-1 and odds ratio 1.17 [95% CI 1.04 to 1.32] per 50% increase of CRP). The results were not materially different after additional adjustment for hypertension, body mass index, cardiovascular disease, and creatinine clearance or stratification by the presence of diabetes. For study II, the vital status of all subjects (n= 575) was determined after a mean follow-up of 6.6 years. Eighty-one of 575 subjects died (30 died of cardiovascular disease). The presence of elevated UAER at baseline was associated with a 4.1-fold (1.94 to 8.73) increased risk of cardiovascular death after adjustment for age, sex, and glucose tolerance status. Adjustment for levels of von Willebrand factor, sVCAM-1, or CRP did not materially affect the results, nor did additional adjustment for the presence of hypertension, retinopathy, and cardiovascular disease and for levels of homocysteine, triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Leukocyte adhesion (sVCAM-1) and low-grade inflammation (CRP) are determinants of the development of elevated UAER. However, these determinants do not explain the association between elevated UAER and cardiovascular mortality. PMID:11950696

Jager, Agnes; van Hinsbergh, Victor W M; Kostense, Piet J; Emeis, Jef J; Nijpels, Giel; Dekker, Jacqueline M; Heine, Robert J; Bouter, Lex M; Stehouwer, Coen D A

2002-04-01

86

Substance P enhances cytokine-induced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression on cultured rheumatoid fibroblast-like synoviocytes.  

PubMed

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the synovial membrane of multiple joints. This inflammatory microenvironment allows fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) to express or enhance several adhesion or costimulatory molecules. This phenotypic shift, under proinflammatory cytokines, seems to be related to functional consequences for antigen presentation to T cells. The sensory neuropeptide substance P (SP), present at high levels, is able to act on FLS proliferation and enzyme secretion. These data led us to investigate whether SP could also provoke a phenotypic change of FLS. Using flow cytometry and a three-step cellular ELISA method, we determined whether SP has an influence on the expression of MHC class II, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), VCAM-1, LFA-3, CD40, B7.1 or B7.2 molecules on RA FLS incubated with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) or IL-1beta or tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) with or without SP. Our results indicate that SP potentiates the effect of proinflammatory cytokines on the expression of VCAM-1 on RA FLS. We verified the presence of specific SP (NK1) receptor mRNA. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, we showed that RA FLS of patients express NK1 receptor mRNA. These results suggest that SP increase of cytokine-induced VCAM-1 expression acts via this specific SP receptor. Thus, during chronic inflammation RA FLS are at the interface between the immune and the nervous systems. PMID:9717978

Lambert, N; Lescoulié, P L; Yassine-Diab, B; Enault, G; Mazières, B; De Préval, C; Cantagrel, A

1998-08-01

87

Effects of 17 ?-estradiol on lipopolysacharride-induced intracellular adhesion molecule-1 mRNA expression and Ca2+ homeostasis alteration in human endothelial cells  

PubMed Central

Recent evidence showed that 17 ?-estradiol (E2) decreased cytokine-induced expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAM). Changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) has been shown to be associated with CAM expression in endothelial cells. Here, the effects of E2 (1 ?M, 24 h) on the expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and [Ca2+]i were investigated in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (100 ng/mL, 18 h)-stimulated human endothelial cell line, EA.hy926, using real-time PCR and spectrofluorometry, respectively. PCR analysis revealed a significant increase in ICAM-1 expression in calcium ionophore A23187 (1 nM)- or LPS-stimulated cells. Pretreatment of cells with E2 significantly inhibited LPS-induced ICAM-1 mRNA expression. [Ca2+]i was monitored in Fura-2 AM-loaded cells in the presence and absence of extracellular Ca2+ with thapsigargin (TG, 1 ?M), a sarco/endoplasmic reticulum ATPase inhibitor or ATP (100 ?M). The extent of TG- or ATP-induced [Ca2+]i increase was significantly higher in LPS-stimulated cells than in control cells. Pre-treatment of LPS-stimulated cells with E2 limited the Ca2+ response to the same level as in control cells. Furthermore, ICI 182,780, an estrogen receptor antagonist, attenuated the inhibitory actions of E2 on ICAM-1 mRNA expression and Ca2+ responses, suggesting that estrogen receptors mediate, at least in part, the effects of estrogen. These data suggest a potential underlying mechanism for the protective effect of E2 against atherosclerosis. PMID:20843480

Thor, Der; Zhang, Rui; Anderson, Leigh; Bose, Diptiman; Dubé, Gregory P.; Rahimian, Roshanak

2010-01-01

88

Modulation of human leukocyte antigen and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 surface expression in malignant and nonmalignant human thyroid cells by cytokines in the context of extracellular matrix.  

PubMed

Interactions between malignant cells and their environment are achieved via cell-surface receptors and adhesion molecules. The extracellular matrix (ECM) and ECM-bound cytokines modulate the expression of cell-surface molecules on target malignant cells, which may lead to changes in their susceptibility to cytolysis, in their ability to present antigens, and in the induction of local immune-cell activation and patrol. Eventually, these alterations may culminate in either the destruction, or escape and proliferation, of the tumor. We studied the effects of the ECM and its components in a "naive" form or following binding of the inflammatory cytokines interferon gamma (IFNgamma) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) on the surface expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-I, HLA class-II (HLA-DR), and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), on nonmalignant and malignant thyroid cells. The basal expression of HLA class-I molecules was not significantly changed either by naive ECM and its components or by ECM-bound cytokines. ECM synergized with IFNgamma and TNFalpha in inducing HLA-DR molecules on nonmalignant and malignant thyrocytes, with higher HLA-DR levels on the malignant cells. The laminin component, in particular, synergized with IFNgamma. Basal ICAM-1 expression on nonneoplastic cells was not significantly affected by the cytokines when grown in the absence of ECM, but was significantly upregulated when cells were cultured on ECM. In contrast, in malignant thyrocyte cultures, ECM significantly attenuated IFNgamma- and TNFalpha-mediated enhancement of ICAM-1 expression. We concluded that signals derived from ECM-embedded cytokines participate in the regulation of key thyroid cell surface molecules and, thus, may affect the final outcome of human thyroid malignancies. PMID:11128721

Miller, A; Kraiem, Z; Sobel, E; Lider, O; Lahat, N

2000-11-01

89

Gamma-irradiation-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression is associated with catalase: activation of Ap-1 and JNK.  

PubMed

The ionizing radiation used in cancer therapy frequently produces damage to normal tissues and induces complex responses, including inflammation. The upregulation of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in response to numerous inducing factors is associated with inflammation. Therefore, this study examined the molecular mechanisms responsible for ICAM-1 expression induced by gamma-irradiation (gammaIR). ICAM-1 mRNA and cell surface expression were induced in A549 human lung epithelial cells after exposing them to gammaIR. Catalase expression and activity were also increased in gammaIR-treated cells. Treatment of the gammaIR-treated cells with catalase resulted in a significant increase in the ICAM-1 cell surface expression level. The catalase inhibitor 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (AT) reduced the level of ICAM-1. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) analysis showed that activating protein 1 (AP-1) was activated by gammaIR, whereas NF-kappaB was not. Specific Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibition attenuated the upregulation of gammaIR stimulated ICAM-1. Western blot analysis revealed a marked elevation in activation of JNK. In addition, pretreatment with AT resulted in a decrease in the level of JNK phosphorylation and AP-1 activation. Overall, data suggest that induction of ICAM-1 expression by gammaIR is associated with catalase. Furthermore, catalase, JNKs, and AP-1 activation induce ICAM-1 upregulation through a sequential process. PMID:17062505

Son, Eun-Wha; Rhee, Dong-Kwon; Pyo, Suhkneung

2006-12-01

90

Association of G+1688A polymorphism of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 gene with myocardial infarction in the Chinese Han population.  

PubMed

In order to investigate the association of G+1688A (Ser563Asn) polymorphism of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) gene with myocardial infarction (MI) in the Chinese Han population, the G+1688A polymorphism in PECAM-1 gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method among 502 subjects, including 218 patients with MI and 284 controls. The results showed that there was significant difference in AA frequencies of genotype G+1688A polymorphism between case and control groups (39% vs 24%, P<0.001). A similar trend was observed on the allele frequencies (A/G: 62% vs 49%, P<0.001). Among the subjects with high serum total cholesterol level or high systolic blood pressure level, the variant AA genotype was associated with high risk of MI (adjusted OR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.08-4.41 and adjusted OR, 2.53; 95%CI, 1.63-3.63). The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at position +1688 in the exon 8 of PECAM-1 gene was associated with MI and the allele A might be a risk factor for MI in the Chinese Han population. PMID:18060625

Yang, Ying; Cheng, Longxian; Ripen, Nsenga; He, Meian; Chang, Zhitang; Wu, Tangchun

2007-10-01

91

Molecular cloning of a cell-surface glycoprotein that can potentially discriminate mesothelium from epithelium: its identification as vascular cell adhesion molecule 1.  

PubMed Central

It has long been a practical problem for surgical pathologists to distinguish mesothelium from epithelium in order to make a positive diagnosis of mesothelioma. In this study, we developed a new monoclonal antibody, designated MS-2761 (IgG1, k), against cultured non-neoplastic mesothelial cells. Immunohistochemistry and slot-blot analysis revealed that this monoclonal antibody reacted with 100% (12/12) of benign and malignant mesothelioma tissues and a mesothelioma cell line, but not with 99% (77/78) of epithelial tumour tissues and 97% (33/34) of epithelial tumour cell lines. A gene encoding the cell-surface antigen defined by this monoclonal antibody was isolated from a mesothelial cell cDNA library constructed with a mammalian cell expression vector through transfection of Cos-7 cells and immunoselection by panning. DNA sequencing and a database search revealed that the gene was identical to vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1, also referred to as INCAM110). The prominent VCAM1 transcript in mesothelium was 3.2 kb in size with seven Ig-like domains, in addition to a minor transcripts with six Ig-like domains. This monoclonal antibody potentially discriminates mesothelium from epithelium and may become a tool for differential diagnosis of mesothelioma. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 6 Figure 7 PMID:7533516

Yamada, T.; Jiping, J.; Endo, R.; Gotoh, M.; Shimosato, Y.; Hirohashi, S.

1995-01-01

92

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 is expressed in human coronary atherosclerotic plaques. Implications for the mode of progression of advanced coronary atherosclerosis.  

PubMed Central

Endothelial attachment is the initial step in leukocyte recruitment into developing atherosclerotic lesions. To determine whether vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression may play a role in inflammatory cell recruitment into human atherosclerotic lesions, immunohistochemistry was performed with a polyclonal rabbit antisera, raised against recombinant human VCAM-1, on 24 atherosclerotic coronary plaques and 11 control coronary segments with nonatherosclerotic diffuse intimal thickening from 10 patients. Immunophenotyping was performed on adjacent sections to identify smooth muscle cells, macrophages, and endothelial cells. To confirm VCAM-1-expressing cell types, double immunostaining with VCAM-1 antisera and each of the cell-specific markers and in situ hybridization were performed. All atherosclerotic plaques contained some VCAM-1, compared to 45% of control segments. VCAM-1 was found infrequently on endothelial cells at the arterial lumen din both plaques (21%) and in control segments (27%), but was prevalent in areas of neovascularization and inflammatory infiltrate in the base of plaques. Double immunostaining and in situ hybridization confirmed that most VCAM-1 was expressed by subsets of plaque smooth muscle cells and macrophages. The results document the presence of VCAM-1 in human atherosclerosis, demonstrate VCAM-1 expression by human smooth muscle cells in vivo, and suggest that intimal neovasculature may be an important site of inflammatory cell recruitment into advanced coronary lesions. Images PMID:7688768

O'Brien, K D; Allen, M D; McDonald, T O; Chait, A; Harlan, J M; Fishbein, D; McCarty, J; Ferguson, M; Hudkins, K; Benjamin, C D

1993-01-01

93

Mild Hypothermia Attenuates Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Induction via Activation of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase-1/2 in a Focal Cerebral Ischemia Model.  

PubMed

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in cerebral vascular endothelium induced by ischemic insult triggers leukocyte infiltration and inflammatory reaction. We investigated the mechanism of hypothermic suppression of ICAM-1 in a model of focal cerebral ischemia. Rats underwent 2 hours of middle cerebral artery occlusion and were kept at 37°C or 33°C during occlusion and rewarmed to normal temperature immediately after reperfusion. Under hypothermic condition, robust activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2) was observed in vascular endothelium of ischemic brain. Hypothermic suppression of ICAM-1 was reversed by ERK1/2 inhibition. Phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in ischemic vessel was attenuated by hypothermia. STAT3 inhibitor suppressed ICAM-1 production induced by stroke. ERK1/2 inhibition enhanced phosphorylation and DNA binding activity of STAT3 in hypothermic condition. In this study, we demonstrated that hypothermic suppression of ICAM-1 induction is mediated by enhanced ERK1/2 activation and subsequent attenuation of STAT3 action. PMID:21716663

Choi, Jung Sook; Park, Jaechan; Suk, Kyoungho; Moon, Cheil; Park, Yong-Ki; Han, Hyung Soo

2011-01-01

94

Activation of transcription factor AP-2 mediates UVA radiation- and singlet oxygen-induced expression of the human intercellular adhesion molecule 1 gene  

SciTech Connect

UVA radiation is the major component of the UV solar spectrum that reaches the earth, and the therapeutic application of UVA radiation is increasing in medicine. Analysis of the cellular effects of UVA radiation has revealed that exposure of human cells to UVA radiation at physiological doses leads to increased gene expression and that this UVA response is primarily mediated through the generation of singlet oxygen. In this study, the mechanisms by which UVA radiation induces transcriptional activation of the human intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) were examined. UVA radiation was capable of inducing activation of the human ICAM-1 promoter and increasing OCAM-1 mRNA and protein expression. These UVA radiation effects were inhibited by singlet oxygen quenchers, augmented by enhancement of singlet oxygen life-time, and mimicked in unirradiated cells by a singlet oxygen-generating system. UVA radiation as well as singlet oxygen-induced ICAM-1 promoter activation required activation of the transcription factor AP-2. Accordingly, both stimuli activated AP-2, and deletion of the putative AP-2-binding site abrogated ICAM-1 promoter activation in this system. This study identified the AP-2 site as the UVA radiation- and singlet oxygen-responsive element of the human ICAM-1 gene. The capacity of UVA radiation and/or singlet oxygen to induce human gene expression through activation of AP-2 indicates a previously unrecognized role of this transcription factor in the mammalian stress response. 38 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Grether-Beck, S.; Olaizola-Horn, S.; Schmitt, H.; Grewe, M. [Clinical and Experimental Photodermatology, Duesseldorf (Germany)] [and others] [Clinical and Experimental Photodermatology, Duesseldorf (Germany); and others

1996-12-10

95

Activation of transcription factor AP-2 mediates UVA radiation- and singlet oxygen-induced expression of the human intercellular adhesion molecule 1?gene  

PubMed Central

UVA radiation is the major component of the UV solar spectrum that reaches the earth, and the therapeutic application of UVA radiation is increasing in medicine. Analysis of the cellular effects of UVA radiation has revealed that exposure of human cells to UVA radiation at physiological doses leads to increased gene expression and that this UVA response is primarily mediated through the generation of singlet oxygen. In this study, the mechanisms by which UVA radiation induces transcriptional activation of the human intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) were examined. UVA radiation was capable of inducing activation of the human ICAM-1 promoter and increasing ICAM-1 mRNA and protein expression. These UVA radiation effects were inhibited by singlet oxygen quenchers, augmented by enhancement of singlet oxygen life-time, and mimicked in unirradiated cells by a singlet oxygen-generating system. UVA radiation as well as singlet oxygen-induced ICAM-1 promoter activation required activation of the transcription factor AP-2. Accordingly, both stimuli activated AP-2, and deletion of the putative AP-2-binding site abrogated ICAM-1 promoter activation in this system. This study identified the AP-2 site as the UVA radiation- and singlet oxygen-responsive element of the human ICAM-1 gene. The capacity of UVA radiation and/or singlet oxygen to induce human gene expression through activation of AP-2 indicates a previously unrecognized role of this transcription factor in the mammalian stress response. PMID:8962096

Grether-Beck, Susanne; Olaizola-Horn, Sylvia; Schmitt, Heidi; Grewe, Markus; Jahnke, Andreas; Johnson, Judith?P.; Briviba, Karlis; Sies, Helmut; Krutmann, Jean

1996-01-01

96

Levels of Soluble Adhesion Molecules PECAM-1 and P-Selectin are Decreased in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

PubMed Central

Background Although the etiopathology of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is not clear there is increasing evidence that dysfunction in the immune system affects many children with ASD. Findings of immune dysfunction in ASD include increases in inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and microglial activity in brain tissue and CSF, as well as abnormal peripheral immune cell function. Methods Adhesion molecules, such as platelet endothelial adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), P-Selectin, and L-Selectin, function to facilitate leukocyte transendothelial migration. We assessed concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules, sPECAM-1, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, sP-Selectin, and sL-Selectin in the plasma of 49 participants with ASD, and 31 typically developing controls of the same age, all of whom were enrolled as part of the Autism Phenome Project (APP). Behavioral assessment, the levels of soluble adhesion molecules, head circumference and MRI measurements of brain volume were compared in the same subjects. Results Levels of sPECAM-1 and sP-Selectin were significantly reduced in the ASD group compared to typically developing controls (p < 0.02). Soluble PECAM-1 levels were negatively associated with repetitive behavior and abnormal brain growth in children with ASD (p=0.03). Conclusions As adhesion molecules modulate the permeability and signaling at the blood brain barrier as well as leukocyte infiltration into the CNS, current data suggests a role for these molecules in the complex pathophysiology of ASD. PMID:22717029

Onore, Charity E.; Nordahl, Christine Wu; Young, Gregory S.; Van de Water, Judy A.; Rogers, Sally J.; Ashwood, Paul

2012-01-01

97

Induction of the proapoptotic tumor suppressor gene Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 by chemotherapeutic agents is repressed in therapy resistant acute myeloid leukemia.  

PubMed

Even though a large proportion of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) achieve a complete remission upon initial therapy, the majority of them eventually relapse with resistant disease. Overexpression of the gene coding for the transcription factor Ecotropic Virus Integration site 1 (EVI1) is associated with rapid disease recurrence and shortened survival. We therefore sought to identify EVI1 target genes that may play a role in chemotherapy resistance using a previously established in vitro model system for EVI1 positive myeloid malignancies. Gene expression microarray analyses uncovered the Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (CADM1) gene as a candidate whose deregulation by EVI1 may contribute to drug refractoriness. CADM1 is an apoptosis inducing tumor suppressor gene that is inactivated by methylation in a variety of tumor types. In the present study we provide evidence that it may play a role in chemotherapy induced cell death in AML: CADM1 was induced by drugs used in the treatment of AML in a human myeloid cell line and in primary diagnostic AML samples, and its experimental expression in a cell line model increased the proportion of apoptotic cells. CADM1 up-regulation was abolished by ectopic expression of EVI1, and EVI1 expression correlated with increased CADM1 promoter methylation both in a cell line model and in primary AML cells. Finally, CADM1 induction was repressed in primary samples from AML patients at relapse. In summary, these data suggest that failure to up-regulate CADM1 in response to chemotherapeutic drugs may contribute to therapy resistance in AML. © 2014 The Authors. Molecular Carcinogenesis published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25491945

Fisser, Muriel C; Rommer, Anna; Steinleitner, Katarina; Heller, Gerwin; Herbst, Friederike; Wiese, Meike; Glimm, Hanno; Sill, Heinz; Wieser, Rotraud

2014-12-01

98

Effect of Hyperketonemia (Acetoacetate) on Nuclear Factor-?B and p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Activation Mediated Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Upregulation in Endothelial Cells.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: Hyperketonemia is a pathological condition observed in patients with type 1 diabetes and ketosis-prone diabetes (KPD), which results in increased blood levels of acetoacetate (AA) and ?-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). Frequent episodes of hyperketonemia are associated with a higher incidence of vascular disease. We examined the hypothesis that hyperketonemia activates the nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways that regulate intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) expression in endothelial cells. Methods: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured with AA (0-8?mM) or BHB (0-10?mM) for 0-24?hr. Western blotting was used to determine NF-?B activation in whole-cell lysates. ICAM-1 expression was measured using flow cytometry. Results: Results show a 2.4-fold increase in NF-?B activation in cells treated with 8?mM AA compared to the control. BHB had little or no effect on NF-?B activation. Pretreatment with a reactive oxygen species (ROS) inhibitor [N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC)] reduced NF-?B to near-control levels. The expression of AA-induced ICAM-1 was significantly reduced when cells were pretreated with either NAC or p38 MAPK inhibitor. Conclusions: These results suggest that NF-?B and p38 MAPK mediate upregulation of ICAM-1 expression in endothelial cells exposed to elevated levels of AA, which may contribute to the development of vascular disease in diabetes. PMID:25489974

Rains, Justin L; Jain, Sushil K

2014-12-01

99

Histamine regulation of interleukin-18-initiating cytokine cascade is associated with down-regulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.  

PubMed

In the previous study, we demonstrated that interleukin (IL)-18 up-regulated intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on monocytes in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and that heterotypic interaction between monocytes/T or NK cells through ICAM-1/LFA-1 intensified the production of IL-12, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in PBMC. In the present study, we demonstrate that histamine inhibited the ICAM-1 expression in monocytes induced by IL-18 using flow cytometry and that the responses of IL-12, IFN-gamma, and TNF-alpha induced by IL-18 were concentration dependently inhibited by coexisting histamine, whereas IL-18-inhibited IL-10 production was reversed by the same concentrations of histamine. The modulatory effects of histamine on ICAM-1 expression and cytokine production were all concentration dependently antagonized by famotidine but not by d-chlorpheniramine and thioperamide, and were mimicked by selective H(2)-receptor agonists but not by H(1)- and H(3)-receptor agonists, indicating the involvement of H(2)-receptors in histamine action. The inhibition of IL-18-induced IFN-gamma by histamine was ascribed to the strong inhibition of IL-12 production by histamine. Histamine thus operates the negative feedback mechanism against IL-18-activated cytokine cascade through the strong inhibitory effect on ICAM-1 expression and IL-12 production in monocytes, contributing to the formation of diverse pattern of cytokine activation from Th1 to Th2, depending on the monocyte/macrophage activation and cytokine environment. PMID:11752121

Takahashi, Hideo Kohka; Yoshida, Atsushi; Iwagaki, Hiromi; Yoshino, Tadashi; Itoh, Hideyuki; Morichika, Toshihiko; Yokoyama, Minori; Akagi, Tadaatsu; Tanaka, Noriaki; Mori, Shuji; Nishibori, Masahiro

2002-01-01

100

[Silencing of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in human glioma SHG44 cells].  

PubMed

Objective To investigate the effect of siRNA-induced silencing of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) on proliferation and apoptosis in human glioma SHG44 cells. Methods Three pairs of specific siRNA targeting CEACAM1 were designed and synthesized, and then transiently transfected into SHG44 cells via cationic liposome transfection method. Transfection efficiency was examined by flow cytometry (FCM). Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were respectively used to detect CEACAM1 expression at mRNA and protein levels, and the proliferation ability and apoptosis of SHG44 cells after transfection were assessed by CCK-8 assay and FCM in combination with annexin V-FITC/PI staining, respectively. The expression levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) proteins were detected by Western blotting. Results The efficiency of CEACAM1 siRNA transfection into human SHG44 cells were 85%. Forty-eight hours after the three pairs of specific CEACAM1 siRNA were transfected into SHG44 cells, qRT-PCR and Western blot results showed that the expression of CEACAM1 mRNA and protein were significantly inhibited compared with those in the blank control and the negative control groups, and the most significant interference effect was CEACAM1-siRNA3. The proliferation of SHG44 cells was inhibited and the apoptosis rate was raised by the CEACAM1-siRNA transfection. The expression levels of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP proteins were up-regulated after silencing of CEACAM1. Conclusion The siRNA-mediated CEACAM1 silencing can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis in human glioma SHG44 cells. CEACAM1 gene may be used as a potential therapeutic target of glioma. PMID:25575053

Xu, Gangzhu; Li, Wen; Zhang, Peng; Ding, Zhibin; Zhao, Hui; Zhang, Junfeng; Wang, Maode

2015-01-01

101

Leukocyte Function-associated Antigen-1/Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Interaction Induces a Novel Genetic Signature Resulting in T-cells Refractory to Transforming Growth Factor-? Signaling*  

PubMed Central

The immunesuppressive cytokine TGF-? plays crucial regulatory roles in the induction and maintenance of immunologic tolerance and prevention of immunopathologies. However, it remains unclear how circulating T-cells can escape from the quiescent state maintained by TGF-?. Here, we report that the T-cell integrin leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) interaction with its ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) induces a genetic signature associated with reduced TGF-? responsiveness via up-regulation of SKI, E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase SMURF2, and SMAD7 (mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 7) genes and proteins. We confirmed that the expression of these TGF-? inhibitory molecules was dependent on STAT3 and/or JNK activation. Increased expression of SMAD7 and SMURF2 in LFA-1/ICAM-1 cross-linked T-cells resulted in impaired TGF-?-mediated phosphorylation of SMAD2 and suppression of IL-2 secretion. Expression of SKI caused resistance to TGF-?-mediated suppression of IL-2, but SMAD2 phosphorylation was unaffected. Blocking LFA-1 by neutralizing antibody or specific knockdown of TGF-? inhibitory molecules by siRNA substantially restored LFA-1/ICAM-1-mediated alteration in TGF-? signaling. LFA-1/ICAM-1-stimulated human and mouse T-cells were refractory to TGF-?-mediated induction of FOXP3+ (forkhead box P3) and ROR?t+ (retinoic acid-related orphan nuclear receptor ?t) Th17 differentiation. These mechanistic data suggest an important role for LFA-1/ICAM-1 interactions in immunoregulation concurrent with lymphocyte migration that may have implications at the level of local inflammatory response and for anti-LFA-1-based therapies. PMID:22707713

Verma, Navin K.; Dempsey, Eugene; Long, Aideen; Davies, Anthony; Barry, Sean P.; Fallon, Padraic G.; Volkov, Yuri; Kelleher, Dermot

2012-01-01

102

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor down-regulates the surface expression of the human leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 on human neutrophils in vitro and in vivo.  

PubMed

The leucocyte adhesion molecule-1 (LAM-1) is the human homologue of the murine peripheral lymph node homing receptor, MEL-14, and might play a crucial role in neutrophil localization at inflammatory sites. We have reported previously that recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) stimulates or enhances several neutrophil functions in vivo, as well as in vitro. To further explore the possible role of G-CSF in inflammation we studied the effect of rhG-CSF on the surface expression of LAM-1 on human neutrophils, both in vitro and in vivo. The expression of LAM-1 by human neutrophils was investigated by indirect immunofluorescence using flow cytometry and monoclonal antibodies anti-Leu-8 and TQ1. A whole blood analysis was performed to minimize in vitro manipulation. Most circulating human neutrophils expressed LAM-1 on the cell surface. Brief exposure of neutrophils to rhG-CSF in vitro decreased the surface expression of LAM-1. rhG-CSF down-regulated neutrophil LAM-1 expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Neutrophils from healthy volunteers and from patients who were receiving rhG-CSF exhibited a decreased expression of LAM-1 after rhG-CSF administration, and the expression thereafter returned or overshot the pretreatment level after stopping rhG-CSF administration. These findings indicate that rhG-CSF down-regulates the surface expression of LAM-1 on human neutrophils in vivo, as well as in vitro, and G-CSF might participate in neutrophil-endothelial cell interaction in inflamed tissue. PMID:7692935

Ohsaka, A; Saionji, K; Sato, N; Mori, T; Ishimoto, K; Inamatsu, T

1993-08-01

103

Neonatally induced inactivation of the vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 gene impairs B cell localization and T cell--dependent humoral immune response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular cellular adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 is a membrane-bound cellular adhesion mole- cule that mediates adhesive interactions between hematopoietic progenitor cells and stromal cells in the bone marrow (BM) and between leukocytes and endothelial as well as dendritic cells. Since VCAM-1-deficient mice die embryonically, conditional VCAM-1 mutant mice were generated to analyze the in vivo function of this adhesion molecule. Here

Christoph E. Leuker; Mark Labow; Werner Müller

104

Ultraviolet radiation can either suppress or induce expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) on the surface of cultured human keratinocytes  

SciTech Connect

Interactions of the ligand/receptor pair LFA-1(CD11a/CD18) and ICAM-1(CD54) initiate and control the cell-cell interactions of leukocytes and interactions of leukocytes with parenchymal cells in all phases of the immune response. Induction of the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) on the surface of epidermal keratinocytes has been proposed as an important regulator of contact-dependent aspects of cutaneous inflammation. Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) also modifies cutaneous inflammation, producing both up- and down-regulation of contact hypersensitivity. We have found that UVR has a biphasic effect on the induction of keratinocyte CD54. Using immunofluorescence and FACS techniques to quantitate cell-surface CD54 staining, we have shown that UVR significantly (p less than 0.01) inhibits keratinocyte CD54 induction by gamma interferon 24 h after irradiation. However, at 48, 72, and 96 h after UVR, CD54 expression is significantly induced to levels even greater than are induced by gamma interferon (20 U/ml). In addition, at 48, 72, or 96 h following UVR (30-100 mJ/cm2), the gamma-interferon-induced CD54 expression on human keratinocytes is also strongly (p less than 0.05 to p less than 0.001) enhanced. In this cell-culture system, gamma interferon and TNF-alpha are both strong CD54 inducers and are synergistic, but GM-CSF, TFG-beta, and IL-1 have no direct CD54-inducing effects. Thus the effects of UVR on CD54 induction are biphasic, producing inhibition at 24 h and induction at 48, 72, and 96 h. This effect on CD54 may contribute to the biphasic effects of UVR on delayed hypersensitivity in vivo. The early inhibition of ICAM-1 by UVR may also contribute to the therapeutic effects of UVR. We also speculate that the late induction of ICAM-1 by UVR might be an important step in the induction of photosensitive diseases such as lupus erythematosus.

Norris, D.A.; Lyons, M.B.; Middleton, M.H.; Yohn, J.J.; Kashihara-Sawami, M. (Univ. of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver (USA))

1990-08-01

105

Increased levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 are associated with risk of cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn study.  

PubMed

Membrane-bound vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) allows the tethering and rolling of monocytes and lymphocytes as well as firm attachment and transendothelial migration of leukocytes. Soluble forms of VCAM (sVCAM-1) may serve as monitors of increased expression of membrane-bound VCAM-1 and thus may reflect progressive formation of atherosclerotic lesions. Levels of sVCAM-1 have been found to be increased among type 2 diabetic as compared with nondiabetic subjects. To study the association of plasma sVCAM-1 concentration and risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality among nondiabetic and diabetic subjects, we investigated an age-, sex-, and glucose-tolerance-stratified sample (n = 631) of a population-based cohort aged 50-75 years that was followed prospectively. Plasma levels of sVCAM-1 were determined in frozen -70 degrees C baseline samples. After 7.4 years (mean) of follow-up, 107 (17%) subjects had died (42 of cardiovascular causes). In the entire group, increased sVCAM-1 levels were significantly associated with increased risk of cardiovascular mortality (relative risks [RRs] per 100 ng/ml sVCAM-1 increase, 1.10 [1.05-1.15] after adjustment for age, sex, and glucose tolerance status). This RR was somewhat diminished by further adjustment for the presence of hypertension and cardiovascular disease; levels of total, HDL, and LDL cholesterol and homocysteine; the presence of microalbuminuria (a putative marker of endothelial dysfunction); levels of von Willebrand factor (a marker of endothelial dysfunction) and C-reactive protein (a marker of low-grade inflammation); and estimates of glomerular filtration rate. However, the RR remained statistically significant. The RR among type 2 diabetic subjects was 1.13 (1.07-1.20) per 100 ng/ml sVCAM-1 increase after adjustment for age and sex, which was somewhat higher but not significantly different from the RR in nondiabetic subjects (P value for interaction term, 0.12). Further adjustment for other risk factors gave similar results. In conclusion, levels of sVCAM-1 are independently associated with the risk of cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetic subjects and therefore might be useful for identifying subjects at increased cardiovascular risk. Increased plasma sVCAM-1 levels may reflect progressive formation of atherosclerotic lesions, or sVCAM-1 itself may have bioactive properties related to cardiovascular risk. Our data, however, argue against the hypotheses of sVCAM-1 levels simply being a marker of endothelial dysfunction, of low-grade inflammation, or of an impaired renal function. PMID:10868972

Jager, A; van Hinsbergh, V W; Kostense, P J; Emeis, J J; Nijpels, G; Dekker, J M; Heine, R J; Bouter, L M; Stehouwer, C D

2000-03-01

106

C-Reactive Protein and Soluble Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule1 Are Associated With Elevated Urinary Albumin Excretion but Do Not Explain Its Link With Cardiovascular Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

An elevated urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality, but the pathophysiological mechanism underlying this association is poorly understood. To investigate the role of endothelial dysfunction, leukocyte adhesion, and low-grade inflammation (1) in the development of elevated UAER (study I) and (2) in linking elevated UAER with risk of cardiovascular mortality (study II),

Agnes Jager; Victor W. M. van Hinsbergh; Piet J. Kostense; Jef J. Emeis; Giel Nijpels; Jacqueline M. Dekker; Robert J. Heine; Lex M. Bouter; Coen D. A. Stehouwer

107

Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells is regulated by PI 3-kinase/Akt/MAPK/NF-?B: inhibitory role of curcumin  

PubMed Central

Endothelial activation and surface expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) is critical for binding and recruitment of circulating leukocytes in tissues during the inflammatory response. Endothelial CAM expression plays a critical role in the intestinal microvasculature in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), as blockade of leukocyte ?4-integrin binding by gut endothelial CAM ligands has therapeutic benefit in IBD. Mechanisms underlying expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, a ligand for ?4-integrin in primary cultures of human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMEC) has not been defined. We investigated the effect of curcumin, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase)/protein kinase B (Akt), and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors on VCAM-1 expression and function in HIMEC. CAM expression was assessed and HIMEC-leukocyte adhesion was visualized under static and flow conditions. Western blotting and in vitro kinase assays were used to assess Akt and MAPK activation. Nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) activation and nuclear translocation of its p65 subunit were determined. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced VCAM-1 expression in HIMEC was suppressed by Akt small-interfering RNA, curcumin, and inhibitors of NF-?B (SN-50), p38 MAPK (SB-203580) and PI 3-kinase/Akt (LY-294002). VCAM-1 induction was partially suppressed by p44/42 MAPK (PD-098059) but unaffected by c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (SP-600125) inhibition. Curcumin inhibited Akt/MAPK/NF-?B activity and prevented nuclear translocation of the p65 NF-?B subunit following TNF-?/LPS. At physiological shear stress, curcumin attenuated leukocyte adhesion to TNF-?/LPS-activated HIMEC monolayers. In conclusion, curcumin inhibited the expression of VCAM-1 in HIMECs through blockade of Akt, p38 MAPK, and NF-?B. Curcumin may represent a novel therapeutic agent targeting endothelial activation in IBD. PMID:19520742

Binion, David G.; Heidemann, Jan; Li, Mona S.; Nelson, Victoria M.; Otterson, Mary F.; Rafiee, Parvaneh

2009-01-01

108

Regulation of endothelial cell barrier function by antibody-driven affinity modulation of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1).  

PubMed

PECAM-1 is a 130-kDa member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily that is expressed on the surface of platelets and leukocytes, and at the intracellular junctions of confluent endothelial cell monolayers. Previous studies have shown that PECAM-1/PECAM-1 homophilic interactions play a key role in leukocyte transendothelial migration, in allowing PECAM-1 to serve as a mechanosensory complex in endothelial cells, in its ability to confer cytoprotection to proapoptotic stimuli, and in maintaining endothelial cell junctional integrity. To examine the adhesive properties of full-length PECAM-1 in a native lipid environment, we purified it from platelets and assembled it into phospholipid nanodiscs. PECAM-1-containing nanodiscs retained not only their ability to bind homophilically to PECAM-1-expressing cells, but exhibited regulatable adhesive interactions that could be modulated by ligands that bind membrane- proximal Ig Domain 6. This property was exploited to enhance the rate of barrier restoration in endothelial cell monolayers subjected to inflammatory challenge. The finding that the adhesive properties of PECAM-1 are regulatable suggests novel approaches for controlling endothelial cell migration and barrier function in a variety of vascular permeability disorders. PMID:24936065

Mei, Heng; Campbell, Jay M; Paddock, Cathy M; Lertkiatmongkol, Panida; Mosesson, Michael W; Albrecht, Ralph; Newman, Peter J

2014-07-25

109

Induction of CD11a/leukocyte function antigen-1 and CD54/intercellular adhesion molecule-1 on hairy cell leukemia cells is accompanied by enhanced susceptibility to T-cell but not lymphokine-activated killer-cell cytotoxicity.  

PubMed

Some B-cell neoplasms, including hairy cell leukemia (HCL), lack expression of the adhesion molecule leukocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1/CD11a). Additionally, HCL cells express relatively low amounts of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1/CD54) and may therefore be an inappropriate target for recognition by T cells or lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. We tested whether these molecules were inducible on HCL cells and if induction would lead to enhanced susceptibility to lysis by LAK cells or cytolytic T cells. CD11a expression was induced by incubation with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) or interleukin-4. CD54 was induced by culturing the cells irrespectively of the addition of cytokines. Expression of CD11a and CD54 did not enhance susceptibility to either autologous or allogeneous LAK cells. However, induction of these adhesion molecules was accompanied by enhanced susceptibility to lysis by cytotoxic T lymphocyte clones. This lysis could be reversed by the addition of anti-CD11a and anti-CD54 antibodies. Finally, we monitored the expression of CD11a and CD54 on HCL cells from patients during IFN-alpha therapy. In one of four patients monitored, we observed rapid in vivo induction of CD11a and CD54 on the leukemic cells during IFN-alpha therapy. These studies provide a model for studying immunosurveillance in HCL. PMID:1352710

Jansen, J H; van der Harst, D; Wientjens, G J; Kooy-Winkelaar, Y M; Brand, A; Willemze, R; Kluin-Nelemans, H C

1992-07-15

110

Amelioration of chronic and spontaneous intestinal inflammation with an antisense oligonucleotide (ISIS 9125) to intracellular adhesion molecule-1 in the HLA-B27/beta2 microglobulin transgenic rat model.  

PubMed

Adhesion molecules are known to be an important part of leukocyte migration and extravasation in both homeostatic and inflammatory conditions. Intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1 or CD54) is constitutively expressed on endothelial cells and is up-regulated during acute and chronic inflammation. We investigated the efficacy and consequences of interfering with CD54 after administration of an antisense oligonucleotide to ICAM-1 (CD54) in the transgenic HLA-B27/beta2 microglobulin rat model. One hundred percent of the HLA-B27 transgene + animals will spontaneously develop chronic inflammation (some more severely than others) in the gastric mucosa, cecum, and colon. We carried out two studies, i.p. injection and rectal administration of antisense. Following i.p. and rectal treatment, there were significant decreases in colonic mucosal wall thickness, histologic inflammation, CD54 expression in the colon and peripheral blood, and the percentage of colon weight per end body weight. Furthermore, decreased expression of CD49d, CD18, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha was observed in antisense treated rats. Therefore, the HLA-B27 transgenic model of spontaneous and chronic inflammatory bowel disease, which has increased expression of adhesion molecules, responds to both routes of administration of ICAM-1 antisense oligonucleotides. These studies support the regulatory role of adhesion molecules in chronic intestinal inflammation, the need for an understanding of how the route of drug delivery can alter the dose and area affected, and finally the role of antisense oligonucleotides as a therapeutic modality in chronic spontaneous inflammatory bowel diseases. PMID:12183646

Bowen-Yacyshyn, Mary Beth; Bennett, C F; Nation, N; Rayner, D; Yacyshyn, B R

2002-09-01

111

Pentosan polysulfate treatment ameliorates motor function with increased serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in HTLV-1-associated neurologic disease.  

PubMed

The main therapeutic strategy against human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) characterized by lower extremity motor dysfunction is immunomodulatory treatment, with drugs such as corticosteroid hormone and interferon-?, at present. However, there are many issues in long-term treatment with these drugs, such as insufficient effects and various side effects. We now urgently need to develop other therapeutic strategies. The heparinoid, pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS), has been safely used in Europe for the past 50 years as a thrombosis prophylaxis and for the treatment of phlebitis. We conducted a clinical trial to test the effect of subcutaneous administration of PPS in 12 patients with HAM/TSP in an open-labeled design. There was a marked improvement in lower extremity motor function, based on reduced spasticity, such as a reduced time required for walking 10 m and descending a flight of stairs. There were no significant changes in HTLV-I proviral copy numbers in peripheral blood contrary to the inhibitory effect of PPS in vitro for intercellular spread of HTLV-I. However, serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1 was significantly increased without significant changes of serum level of chemokines (CXCL10 and CCL2). There was a positive correlation between increased sVCAM-1and reduced time required for walking 10 m. PPS might induce neurological improvement by inhibition of chronic inflammation in the spinal cord, through blocking the adhesion cascade by increasing serum sVCAM-1, in addition to rheological improvement of the microcirculation. PPS has the potential to be a new therapeutic tool for HAM/TSP. PMID:24671717

Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Satoh, Katsuya; Fukuda, Taku; Kinoshita, Ikuo; Nishiura, Yoshihiro; Nagasato, Kunihiko; Yamauchi, Atsushi; Kataoka, Yasufumi; Nakamura, Tadahiro; Sasaki, Hitoshi; Kumagai, Kenji; Niwa, Masami; Noguchi, Mitsuru; Nakamura, Hideki; Nishida, Noriyuki; Kawakami, Atsushi

2014-06-01

112

Effects of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha and anti-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 antibodies on ischemia/reperfusion lung injury.  

PubMed

Inhibition of neutrophil activation and adherence to endothelium by antibodies to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAM-1), respectively, might attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). I/R was conducted in an isolated rat lung model. Anti-TNF-alpha antibody and/or anti-ICAM-1 antibody were added before ischemia or after reperfusion. Hemodynamic changes, lung weight gain (LWG), capillary filtration coefficients (Kfc), and pathologic changes were assessed to evaluate the severity of I/R. The LWG, Kfc, pathological changes and lung injury score of treatment groups with anti-TNF-alpha antibody treatment, either pre-ischemia or during reperfusion, were less than those observed in control groups. Similar findings were found in group treated with anti-ICAM-1 antibody or combination therapy during reperfusion. In contrast, pre-I/R treatment with anti-ICAM-1 antibody induced severe lung edema and failure to complete the experimental procedure. No additional therapeutic effect was found in combination therapy. We conclude that TNF-alpha and ICAM-1 play important roles in I/R. Anti-TNF-alpha antibody has therapeutic and preventive effects on I/R. However, combined therapy with anti-TNF-alpha antibody and anti-ICAM-1 antibody may have no additive effect and need further investigation. PMID:17294835

Chiang, Chi-Huei

2006-10-31

113

Intravenous low redox potential saline attenuates FeCl3-induced vascular dysfunction via downregulation of endothelial H2O2, CX3CL1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and p53 expression.  

PubMed

Exaggerated reactive oxygen species (ROS) may contribute to vascular injury by the enhancement of CX3CL1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and pro-apoptotic p53 expression. Reduced water with safely antioxidant activity may protect vascular tissue against oxidative injury. We established reduced water (RW) by using a modified magnesium alloy and evaluated the effects of an RW-made culture medium on TNF-?-induced endothelial damage in vitro and intravenous RW-made saline (0.9%NaCl) infusion on FeCl(3)-induced arterial injury in rats in vivo. Several oxidative stresses were evaluated by using a chemiluminescence analyzer, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. We found that the established RW, RW-culture medium, and RW saline displayed a lower redox potential (<-150 mV) and efficient H(2)O(2) scavenging activity compared with distilled-water-made solutions. The RW-culture medium significantly depressed TNF-?-enhanced endothelial H(2)O(2) production; improved CX3CL1, ICAM-1, and p53 expression; and inhibited activated monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells as well as to the CX3CL1 or the ICAM-1 coated plate when compared with the distilled-water-culture medium. In the in vivo study, the time required for FeCl(3)-induced occlusion in the urethane anesthetized rat's carotid and femoral arteries was significantly extended by intravenous RW saline infusion compared with distilled-water saline. FeCl(3) stimulation significantly enhanced vascular NADPH oxidase activity, ROS production, as well as CX3CL1, ICAM-1, p53, 3-nitrotyrosine, and 4-hydroxynonenal expression in the damaged arteries. Intravenous RW saline significantly reduced all the FeCl(3)-enhanced oxidative parameters when compared with intravenous distilled-water-saline infusion. We conclude that the RW-culture medium and saline made from magnesium alloy confer cardiovascular protection by the antioxidant capability. PMID:21497778

Chen, Da-Lung; Chen, Tzen-Wen; Chien, Chiang-Ting; Li, Ping-Chia

2011-05-01

114

Small GTPase Rho signaling is involved in {beta}1 integrin-mediated up-regulation of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and receptor activator of nuclear factor {kappa}B ligand on osteoblasts and osteoclast maturation  

SciTech Connect

We assessed the characteristics of human osteoblasts, focusing on small GTPase Rho signaling. {beta}1 Integrin were highly expressed on osteoblasts. Engagement of {beta}1 integrins by type I collagen augmented expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and receptor activator of nuclear factor {kappa}B ligand (RANKL) on osteoblasts. Rho was activated by {beta}1 stimulation in osteoblasts. {beta}1 Integrin-induced up-regulation of ICAM-1 and RANKL was inhibited by transfection with adenoviruses encoding C3 transferase or pretreated with Y-27632, specific Rho and Rho-kinase inhibitors. Engagement of {beta}1 integrin on osteoblasts induced formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multinuclear cells (MNC) in a coculture system of osteoblasts and peripheral monocytes, but this action was completely abrogated by transfection of C3 transferase. Our results indicate the direct involvement of Rho-mediated signaling in {beta}1 integrin-induced up-regulation of ICAM-1 and RANKL and RANKL-dependent osteoclast maturation. Thus, Rho-mediated signaling in osteoblasts seems to introduce major biases to bone resorption.

Hirai, Fumihiko [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Nakayamada, Shingo [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Okada, Yosuke [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Saito, Kazuyoshi [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan); Kurose, Hitoshi [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582 (Japan); Mogami, Akira [Pharmaceuticals Research Unit Research and Development Division Mitsubishi Pharma Corporation, Kamoshida-cho, Aoba-ku, Yokohama 227-0033 (Japan); Tanaka, Yoshiya [First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, Kitakyushu 807-8555 (Japan)]. E-mail: tanaka@med.uoeh-u.ac.jp

2007-04-27

115

Zinc oxide nanoparticles-induced intercellular adhesion molecule 1 expression requires Rac1/Cdc42, mixed lineage kinase 3, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation in endothelial cells.  

PubMed

The explosive development of nanotechnology has caused an increase in unintended biohazards in humans and in the ecosystem. Similar to particulate matter, nanoparticles (NPs) are strongly correlated with the increase in incidences of cardiovascular diseases, yet the mechanisms behind this correlation remain unclear. Within the testing concentrations of 0.1-10 ?g/ml, which did not cause a marked drop in cell viability, zinc oxide NPs (ZnO-NPs) induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) messenger RNA, and protein expression in both concentration- and time-dependent manner in treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). ZnO-NPs treatment cause the activation of Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1)/cell division control protein 42 homolog (Cdc42) and protein accumulation of mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3), followed by c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and transcription factor c-Jun activation. Induction of ICAM-1 and phosphorylation of JNK and c-Jun could be inhibited by either JNK inhibitor SP600125 or Rac guanosine triphosphatase inhibitor NSC23766 pretreatment. In addition, pretreatment with NSC23766 significantly reduced MLK3 accumulation, suggesting the involvement of Rac1/Cdc42-MLK3-JNK-c-Jun signaling in the regulation of ZnO-NPs-induced ICAM-1 expression, whereas these signaling factors were not activated in zinc oxide microparticles (ZnO-MPs)-treated HUVECs. The increase of ICAM-1 expression on ZnO-NPs-treated HUVECs enables leukocytes to adhere and has been identified as an indicator of vascular inflammation. Our data are essential for safety evaluation of the clinical usage of ZnO-NPs in daily supplements, cosmetics, and biomedicines. PMID:22166487

Li, Ching-Hao; Liao, Po-Lin; Shyu, Ming-Kwang; Liu, Chen-Wei; Kao, Chen-Chieh; Huang, Shih-Hsuan; Cheng, Yu-Wen; Kang, Jaw-Jou

2012-03-01

116

Luteolin protects against vascular inflammation in mice and TNF-alpha-induced monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells via suppressing I?B?/NF-?B signaling pathway.  

PubMed

Vascular inflammation plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Luteolin, a naturally occurring flavonoid present in many medicinal plants and some commonly consumed fruits and vegetables, has received wide attention for its potential to improve vascular function in vitro. However, its effect in vivo and the molecular mechanism of luteolin at physiological concentrations remain unclear. Here, we report that luteolin as low as 0.5?M significantly inhibited tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?-induced adhesion of monocytes to human EA.hy 926 endothelial cells, a key event in triggering vascular inflammation. Luteolin potently suppressed TNF-?-induced expression of the chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), key mediators involved in enhancing endothelial cell-monocyte interaction. Furthermore, luteolin inhibited TNF-?-induced nuclear factor (NF)-?B transcriptional activity, I?B? degradation, expression of I?B kinase ? and subsequent NF-?B p65 nuclear translocation in endothelial cells, suggesting that luteolin can inhibit inflammation by suppressing NF-?B signaling. In an animal study, C57BL/6 mice were fed a diet containing 0% or 0.6% luteolin for 3 weeks, and luteolin supplementation greatly suppressed TNF-?-induced increase in circulating levels of MCP-1/JE, CXCL1/KC and sICAM-1 in C57BL/6 mice. Consistently, dietary intake of luteolin significantly reduced TNF-?-stimulated adhesion of monocytes to aortic endothelial cells ex vivo. Histology shows that luteolin treatment prevented the eruption of endothelial lining in the intima layer of the aorta and preserved elastin fibers' delicate organization as shown by Verhoeff-Van Gieson staining. Immunohistochemistry studies further show that luteolin treatment also reduced VCAM-1 and monocyte-derived F4/80-positive macrophages in the aorta of TNF-?-treated mice. In conclusion, luteolin protects against TNF-?-induced vascular inflammation in both in vitro and in vivo models. This anti-inflammatory effect of luteolin may be mediated via inhibition of the NF-?B-mediated pathway. PMID:25577468

Jia, Zhenquan; Nallasamy, Palanisamy; Liu, Dongmin; Shah, Halley; Li, Jason Z; Chitrakar, Rojin; Si, Hongwei; McCormick, John; Zhu, Hong; Zhen, Wei; Li, Yunbo

2015-03-01

117

Induction of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 on Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Cell Lines by 7Interferon Enhances Spontaneous and Bispecific Anti-CD3 x Antitumor Antibody-directed Lymphokine-activated Killer Cell Cytotoxicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interaction between LFA-1 and its natural ligand, K AM-1. plays an important role in leukocyte adhesion and signal transduction. LFA-1-mediated 1-cell adhesion is generally activated by CD3-medi- ated signal in association with T-cell receptor-mediated recognition of the antigen\\/major histocompatibility complex on antigen-presenting cells. In the present study, we compared spontaneous or bispecific an tibody (BsAbHirected LAK cell cytotoxicity against

Arata Azuma; Hideo Yagita; Hironori Matsuda; Ko Okumura; Hisanobu Niitani

118

Reduction of oxidative stress by oral N-acetyl-L-cysteine treatment decreases plasma soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 concentrations in non-obese, non-dyslipidaemic, normotensive, patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary   To assess in vivo effects of antioxidants on vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 expression, circulating soluble VCAM-1\\u000a and intraerythrocytic reduced glutathione (GSH) and GSH disulphide (GSSG) concentrations were evaluated in non-insulin-dependent\\u000a diabetic patients without complications (9 men, 6 women, 48 ± 6 years old) before and after 1 month of either oral N-acetyl-L-cysteine (1.200 mg\\/day) or placebo treatments, given

G. De Mattia; M. C. Bravi; O. Laurenti; M. Cassone-Faldetta; A. Proietti; O. De Luca; A. Armiento; C. Ferri

1998-01-01

119

Monocyte Adhesion Molecules Expression in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Liver Disease  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic viral hepatitis is histologically characterized by predominantly periportal infiltration of mononuclear cells, including lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages. Intralobular infiltration of these inflammatory cells is an ominous sign of deterioration and a criterion for disease activity. Objective To assess the monocyte inflammatory milieu, monocytes adhesion molecules, their endothelial receptors, cytokines and chemokines in patients with HCV induced chronic liver disease, in an attempt to clarify the role of blood monocytes in induction of inflammation and fibrogenesis in chronic hepatitis C liver disease. Subjects and Methods The current study included 60 patients with chronic liver disease categorized into 2groups: Patients chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and patients with liver cirrhosis (LC), 15 patients each; 15 healthy subjects were included as normal controls. Immunophenotype characterization was carried out by flowcytometric analysis for identification of CD11a, CD11b and CD49d monocyte surface antigen expression in different groups studied. The circulating levels of the soluble adhesion molecules (sE-selectin, sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1), cytokines (TNF-? and IL-1) and chemokines (MCP-1) were also assessed by immunoassays. Results Data demonstrated a significant increase (p<0.01) in the surface expression of CD11a on peripheral blood monocytes and in the circulating levels sE-selectins, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 and TNF-? in both groups of patients compared to healthy subjects. Data also revealed a significant increase (p<0.01) in the surface expression of each of CD11b and CD49d on peripheral blood monocytes and in the circulating levels sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 and TNF-? in patients with LC compared to those with CHC. Moreover, data demonstrated that the increase in surface antigen expression of each CD11a (p<0.01), CD11b (p<0.05) and CD49d (p<0.01) on circulating peripheral blood monocytes is positively correlated with the increase in the circulating levels of each of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 in the both groups of patients. Conclusions These findings suggest that the modulation of monocyte-subset recruitment into the liver via adhesion molecules or cytokines/cytokine receptors may represent promising approaches for therapeutic interventions in human liver fibrosis. Measurement of serum soluble adhesion molecules may be useful for monitoring progression of liver inflammation and fibrosis during CHC. PMID:24106604

El-Bassiouni, Nora E.I.; Mahmoud, Ola M.; El Ahwani, Eman G; Ibrahim, Raafat A.; El Bassiouny, Azza E.I.

2013-01-01

120

Prevention of adoptive transfer of murine Sjögren's syndrome into severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice by antibodies against intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1).  

PubMed Central

We have analysed the role of ICAM-1 and LFA-1 during development of autoimmune sialadenitis in MRL/lpr mice by direct analysis of RNA obtained from the salivary gland tissues, and the therapeutic effects with antibody administration on adoptive transfer system into SCID mice. The expression of cell adhesion molecules was assessed by using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Southern blot analysis, and immunohistochemical analysis. Up-regulated expression of ICAM-1 mRNA was observed before the onset of inflammatory lesions in the salivary glands at 1 month and 2 months old, and thereafter LFA-1 mRNA was expressed within the typical inflammatory lesions, resembling human Sjögren's syndrome in MRL/lpr mice. Immunohistochemically, ICAM-1 was localized exclusively in the endothelial cells of varying sized blood vessels before the onset of disease, and LFA-1 expressing inflammatory cells were found within these lesions. When the therapeutic effects in vivo were examined, antibodies to ICAM-1 in combination with anti-LFA-1 prevented adoptive transfer of Sjögren's syndrome in MRL/lpr mice into SCID mice, while no significant effect was found when treated with either antibody. These findings indicate that in Sjögren's syndrome-like autoimmune lesions in MRL/lpr mice the ICAM-1/LFA-1 pathway may play a crucial role in the initiation and subsequent progression of T cell-mediated autoimmunity in the salivary and lacrimal glands of MRL/lpr mice. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 PMID:7586691

Hayashi, Y; Haneji, N; Yanagi, K; Higashiyama, H; Yagita, H; Hamano, H

1995-01-01

121

Arginase levels and their association with Th17-related cytokines, soluble adhesion molecules (sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1) and hemolysis markers among steady-state sickle cell anemia patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is characterized by a marked endothelial dysfunction, owing to many factors. Arginine metabolism\\u000a can be related to the inflammatory chronic state presented by patients, playing a key role in their clinical outcome and vascular\\u000a endothelium. We investigated the serum arginase levels in 50 SCA patients (22 men and 28 women, mean age of 17?±?10.5 years)\\u000a and 28

Wendell Vilas-Boas; Bruno A. V. Cerqueira; Angela M. D. Zanette; Mitermayer G. Reis; Manoel Barral-Netto; Marilda S. Goncalves

2010-01-01

122

BriefDefinitive Report Soluble Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1-  

E-print Network

for the major group ofhuman rhinoviruses (6, 7) and for Plasmodium falciparum- infected erythrocytes (8, 9 that is distinct from the regions recognized by LFA1 and rhinovirus (10, 11) . The adherence of erythrocytes

Springer, Timothy A.

123

Reduction of adhesion molecule production and alteration of eNOS and endothelin-1 mRNA expression in endothelium by Euphorbia hirta L. through its beneficial ?-amyrin molecule.  

PubMed

The inflammatory reaction in large blood vessels involves up-regulation of vascular adhesion molecules such as endothelial cell selectin (E-selectin), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)-1. These vascular dysfunctions are associated with the development of atherosclerosis. ?-Amyrin, an active component of Euphorbia hirta L., has potent anti-inflammatory effects. So far, its preventive effects against the expression of inflammatory mediator-induced adhesion molecules have not been investigated. Endothelial cells (SVEC4-10 cell line) were treated with 50% RAW conditioned media (i.e., normal SVEC4-10 culture media contains 50% of lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophage culture media) without or with ?-amyrin (0.6 and 0.3 µM). The production levels of E-selectin, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 in the SVEC4-10 cells were measured with ELISA assay kits. Under the same treatment conditions, expression of endothelin (ET)-1 and endothelial type of NO synthase (eNOS) mRNA were analyzed by RT-PCR and agarose gel. With ?-amyrin, the 50% RAW conditioned media-induced E-selectin, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 levels as well as ET-1 gene expression were all suppressed. ?-Amyrin treatment also restored the 50% RAW conditioned media-suppressed eNOS mRNA expression. These data indicate that ?-amyrin is potentially useful in preventing chronic inflammation-related vascular diseases. PMID:25045892

Shih, Mei Fen; Cherng, Jong Yuh

2014-01-01

124

Reduction of the ST6 ?-Galactosamide ?-2,6-Sialyltransferase 1 (ST6GAL1)-catalyzed Sialylation of Nectin-like Molecule 2/Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 and Enhancement of ErbB2/ErbB3 Signaling by MicroRNA-199a*  

PubMed Central

Nectin-like molecule 2 (Necl-2)/cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1) is shown to be down-regulated by the promoter hypermethylation and/or loss of heterozygosity at chromosome 11q23.2 in many types of cancers, including lung and breast cancers, and is proposed to serve as a tumor suppressor. However, the incidence of these epigenetic and genetic abnormalities of Necl-2 is 30–60% in these cancers, and other mechanisms for the suppression of Necl-2 are presumed to be present. We previously showed that Necl-2 interacts in cis with ErbB3 and suppresses the heregulin (HRG)-induced ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling for cell movement and death. We studied here the relationship between Necl-2 and microRNA-199a (miR-199a) that is up-regulated or down-regulated in a variety of cancers. miR-199a did not directly target the Necl-2 mRNA or affect its mRNA level in human lung cancer A549 cells and human embryonic kidney HEK293 cells. Necl-2 was at least sialylated by the sialyltransferase ST6 ?-galactosamide ?-2,6-sialyltransferase 1 (ST6GAL1). miR-199a targeted ST6GAL1 and reduced both the sialylation and the protein level of Necl-2. In addition, miR-199a enhanced the HRG-induced ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling. These results indicate that the suppressive role of Necl-2 in the HRG-induced ErbB2/ErbB3 signaling is regulated by miR-199a at least through the reduction of the ST6GAL1-catalyzed sialylation of Necl-2 and/or through the reduction of the protein level of Necl-2 presumably by the protein degradation. PMID:23504322

Minami, Akihiro; Shimono, Yohei; Mizutani, Kiyohito; Nobutani, Kentaro; Momose, Kenji; Azuma, Takeshi; Takai, Yoshimi

2013-01-01

125

Brucella abortus as a potential vaccine candidate: induction of interleukin-12 secretion and enhanced B7.1 and B7.2 and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 surface expression in elutriated human monocytes stimulated by heat-inactivated B. abortus.  

PubMed Central

Development of a vaccine which is capable of generating a strong cellular immune response associated with gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) production and cytotoxic T-cell development requires that the immunogen be capable of inducing the secretion of interleukin-12 (IL-12), which is a pivotal factor for the differentiation of Th1 or Tc1 cells. We have previously shown that the heat-inactivated gram-negative bacterium Brucella abortus can induce IFN-gamma secretion by T cells. In the present study, we demonstrate that B. abortus and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from B. abortus can induce IL-12 p40 mRNA expression and protein secretion by human elutriated monocytes (99% pure). p40 mRNA was detected within 4 h, and p40 protein could be measured at 24 h. This induction was abrogated by anti-CD14 monoclonal antibody, suggesting that monocytes recognize B. abortus via their receptor for LPS. The biological activity of IL-12 secreted by B. abortus-stimulated monocytes was demonstrated by its ability to upregulate IFN-gamma mRNA expression in T cells separated from monocytes and B. abortus by a transwell membrane. The B. abortus-induced IL-12 also enhanced NK cytolytic activity against K562 target cells. B. abortus was shown to rapidly increase the expression of the costimulatory molecules B7.1 and B7.2 and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 on human monocytes. Together, these data indicate that B. abortus can directly activate human monocytes and provide the cytokine milieu which would direct the immune response towards Th1-Tc1 differentiation. PMID:8757841

Zaitseva, M; Golding, H; Manischewitz, J; Webb, D; Golding, B

1996-01-01

126

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 is an endothelial cell adhesion receptor for Plasmodium falciparum  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE primary event in the pathogenesis of severe malaria in Plasmodium falciparum infection is thought fo be adherence of trophozoite- and schizont-infected erythrocytes to capillary endothelium1, a process called sequestration. Identifying the endothelial molecules used as receptors is an essential step in understanding this disease process. Recent work implicates the membrane glycoprotein CD36 (platelet glycoprotein IV; refs 2-5) and the

A. R. Berendt; D. L. Simmons; J. Tansey; C. I. Newbold; K. Marsh

1989-01-01

127

Blood Viscosity and the Expression of Inflammatory and Adhesion Markers in Homozygous Sickle Cell Disease Subjects with Chronic Leg Ulcers  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine differences in TNF-?, IL-1?, IL-10, sICAM-1 concentrations, leg hypoxia and whole blood viscosity (WBV) at shear rates of 46 sec-1 and 230 sec-1 in persons with homozygous S sickle cell disease (SCD) with and without chronic leg ulceration and in AA genotype controls. Design & Methods: fifty-five age-matched participants were recruited into the study: 31 SS subjects without leg ulcers (SSn), 24 SS subjects with leg ulcers (SSu) and 18 AA controls. Haematological indices were measured using an AC.Tron Coulter Counter. Quantification of inflammatory, anti-inflammatory and adhesion molecules was performed by ELISA. Measurement of whole blood viscosity was done using a Wells Brookfield cone-plate viscometer. Quantification of microvascular tissue oxygenation was done by Visible Lightguide spectrophotometry. Results TNF-? and whole blood viscosity at 46 sec-1 and 230 sec-1 (1.75, 2.02 vs. 0.83, 1.26, p<0.05) were significantly greater in sickle cell disease subjects than in controls. There were no differences in plasma concentration of sICAM-1, IL-1? and IL-10 between SCD subjects and controls. IL-1? (median, IQR: 0.96, 1.7 vs. 0, 0.87; p<0.01) and sICAM-1 (226.5, 156.48 vs. 107.63, 121.5, p<0.005) were significantly greater in SSu group compared with SSn. However there were no differences in TNF-? (2, 3.98 vs. 0, 2.66) and IL-10 (13.34, 5.95 vs. 11.92, 2.99) concentrations between SSu and SSn. WBV in the SSu group at 46 sec-1 and at 230 Sec 1 were 1.9 (95%CI; 1.2, 3.1) and 2.3 (1.2, 4.4) times greater than in the SSn group. There were no differences in the degree of tissue hypoxia as determined by lightguide spectrophotometry. Conclusion Inflammatory, adhesion markers and WBV may be associated with leg ulceration in sickle cell disease by way of inflammation-mediated vasoocclusion/vasoconstriction. Impaired skin oxygenation does not appear to be associated with chronic ulcers in these subjects with sickle cell disease. PMID:23922670

Bowers, Andre S.; Reid, Harvey L.; Greenidge, Andre; Landis, Clive; Reid, Marvin

2013-01-01

128

Targeting of nanoparticles to cell adhesion molecules for potential immune therapy  

E-print Network

Cell adhesion molecules including leukocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) play an important role in regulating inflammatory responses. For circulating leukocytes to ...

Chittasupho, Chuda

2010-12-10

129

Puerarin Inhibits Adhesion Molecule Expression in TNF-?-Stimulated Human Endothelial Cells via Modulation of the Nuclear Factor ?B Pathway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The isoflavone puerarin is the most abundant isoflavone-C-glucoside extracted from the root (radix puerariae) of the plant Pueraria lobata and possesses many biological activities. In this report, the ability of puerarin to modulate intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (E-selectin), and to induce changes in the nuclear factor

Wenzhi Hu; Qin Zhang; Xiangjun Yang; Yueying Wang; Lie Sun

2010-01-01

130

Denture Adhesives  

MedlinePLUS

... Multiple-Use Dental Dispenser Devices Dental Amalgam Denture Adhesives Background Zinc and Potential Risk Reports of Problems ... Wearers Reporting Problems to the FDA Background Denture adhesives are pastes, powders or adhesive pads that may ...

131

Maternal endothelial soluble cell adhesion molecules with isolated small for gestational age fetuses: comparison with pre-eclampsia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective 1.To evaluate the activation profile of the endothelium in pregnancies complicated by small for gestational age fetuses compared with pre-eclampsia and normal pregnancy, by measuring the plasma levels of soluble adhesion molecules soluble E-selectin, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. 2. To determine whether soluble adhesion molecules were related to the severity of small for gestational

Florence Bretelle; Florence Sabatier; Andrew Blann; Claude D'Ercole; Brigitte Boutière; Muriel Mutin; Léon Boubli; José Sampol; Françoise Dignat-George

2001-01-01

132

Expression of the Cell Adhesion Molecules ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and NCAM in Uveal Melanoma: A Clinicopathological Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the relationship between the expression of the cell adhesion molecules intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in uveal melanoma and the metastatic spread in the first 5 years after diagnosis, we performed a hospital-based case-control study with human tissue from 90 patients who underwent enucleation for primary uveal

Gerasimos Anastassiou; Harald Schilling; Andreas Stang; Stana Djakovic; Arnd Heiligenhaus; Norbert Bornfeld

2000-01-01

133

Acute inflammatory state during influenza infection and endothelial function.  

PubMed

Chronic inflammatory stimulus seems to contribute to atherosclerotic process. Several studies have established a relationship between infective agents as Chlamydia pneumoniae, herpes virus and cytomegalovirus and atherosclerotic lesions. Aim of this study was to investigate the effects of influenza infective state on endothelial function of healthy young subjects, expressed as brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV) and soluble form of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1). In 10 male subjects (mean age 35+/-14 years) exhibiting influenza symptoms for 3 days, we determined total cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), triglycerides, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1 and brachial FMV. All subjects had an antibody pattern characteristic of influenza A or B virus infection. After 3 months brachial FMV was significantly increased (8.6+/-2.3% versus 11.5+/-3.2%; p<0.001), while HDL (46+/-10 mg/dL versus 49+/-9 mg/dL; p<0.05), sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 were reduced (respectively: 488+/-105 ng/mL versus 340+/-127 ng/mL; p<0.001, 1710+/-80 ng/mL versus 1216+/-63 ng/mL; p<0.001). Univariate analysis showed a positive correlation between changes in CRP and sICAM-1 levels (r=0.95, p<0.001), a negative one between changes in sICAM-1 and brachial FMV (r=-0.65, p<0.05) and between CRP and brachial FMV (r=-0.64, p<0.05). This small study suggested that inflammatory state determined by viral agents may transitorily alter endothelial function in healthy subjects. PMID:15694944

Marchesi, Simona; Lupattelli, Graziana; Lombardini, Rita; Sensini, Alessandra; Siepi, Donatella; Mannarino, Massimo; Vaudo, Gaetano; Mannarino, Elmo

2005-02-01

134

Alteration of soluble adhesion molecules during aging and their modulation by calorie restriction  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the status of soluble adhesion molecules (sAMs) during aging, the present study determined protein levels of several major sAMs in serum samples obtained from rats at different ages. These sAMs include E-selectin, P-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). Fischer 344 rats, ages 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, fed ad libitum

Yani Zou; Kyung Jin Jung; Jung Won Kim; Byung Pal Yu; Hae Young Chung

2003-01-01

135

Circulating adhesion molecules after short-term exposure to particulate matter among welders  

PubMed Central

Background Studies from several countries indicate that welders experience increased risk of mortality and morbidity from ischaemic heart disease. Although the underlying mechanisms are unclear, vascular responses to particulate matter contained in welding fumes may play a role. To investigate this, we studied the acute effects of welding fume exposure on the endothelial component of vascular function, as measured by circulating adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte adhesion (sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1) and coagulation (vWF). Methods A panel of 26 male welders was studied repeatedly across a 6 h work-shift on a high exposure welding day and/or a low exposure non-welding day. Personal PM2.5 exposure was measured throughout the work-shift. Blood samples were collected in the morning (baseline) prior to the exposure period, immediately after the exposure period, and the following morning. To account for the repeated measurements, we used linear mixed models to evaluate the effects of welding (binary) and PM2.5 (continuous) exposure on each blood marker, adjusting for baseline blood marker concentration, smoking, age and time of day. Results Welding and PM2.5 exposure were significantly associated with a decrease in sVCAM-1 in the afternoon and the following morning and an increase in vWF in the afternoon. Conclusions The data suggest that welding and short-term occupational exposure to PM2.5 may acutely affect the endothelial component of vascular function. PMID:19736177

Fang, S C; Eisen, E A; Cavallari, J M; Mittleman, M A; Christiani, D C

2011-01-01

136

Dark chocolate consumption improves leukocyte adhesion factors and vascular function in overweight men.  

PubMed

Flavanol-enriched chocolate consumption increases endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Most research so far has focused on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) only; the effects on other factors relevant to endothelial health, such as inflammation and leukocyte adhesion, have hardly been addressed. We investigated whether consumption of regular dark chocolate also affects other markers of endothelial health, and whether chocolate enrichment with flavanols has additional benefits. In a randomized double-blind crossover study, the effects of acute and of 4 wk daily consumption of high flavanol chocolate (HFC) and normal flavanol chocolate (NFC) on FMD, augmentation index (AIX), leukocyte count, plasma cytokines, and leukocyte cell surface molecules in overweight men (age 45-70 yr) were investigated. Sensory profiles and motivation scores to eat chocolate were also collected. Findings showed that a 4 wk chocolate intake increased FMD by 1%, which was paralleled by a decreased AIX of 1%, decreased leukocyte cell count, decreased plasma sICAM1 and sICAM3, and decreased leukocyte adhesion marker expression (P<0.05 for time effect), with no difference between HFC and NFC consumption. Flavanol enrichment did affect taste and negatively affected motivation to consume chocolate. This study provides new insights on how chocolate affects endothelial health by demonstrating that chocolate consumption, besides improving vascular function, also lowers the adherence capacity of leukocytes in the circulation. PMID:24302679

Esser, Diederik; Mars, Monica; Oosterink, Els; Stalmach, Angelique; Müller, Michael; Afman, Lydia A

2014-03-01

137

Adhesion molecules and transplantation.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Accessory adhesion molecules are thought to influence the first interaction between host leukocytes and graft vascular endothelial cells. Their role in transplantation is reviewed. SUMMARY: Adhesion molecules have been divided into three major families: the selectins, the integrins, and the immunoglobulin superfamily. Selectins are small proteins that mediate the first contact between stimulated endothelial cells and leukocytes. Integrins interact with cytoskeletal components of cells, presumably coordinating extracellular stimuli with cytoskeleton dependent actions, such as motility, shape change, and phagocytic responses. Members of the immunoglobulin superfamily are structurally homologous, although they do not necessarily share similar functions. They are involved in T-cell proliferation and intracellular events. METHODS: Various groups of investigators have studied the influence and expression of adhesion molecules following transplantation. The authors of this article have reviewed and summarized the available literature. RESULTS: Many different adhesion molecules are up-regulated during the rejection event. Treatment of transplant recipients with monoclonal antibodies against accessory molecules, such as leukocyte function associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), has resulted in either a prolongation of transplant survival or the induction of tolerance in some models. Other interventions are under study. CONCLUSION: By mediating the initial leukocyte/endothelial cell interactions, adhesion molecules may play an important role in graft rejection, mediation of infiltration into the graft, and dissemination of the antigenic message to the lymphoid tissues of the host. Future studies will have to deal not only with conceptualizing their function and mechanisms of action, but also with manipulating their interrelationships to the benefit of the graft recipient. PMID:8297174

Heemann, U W; Tullius, S G; Azuma, H; Kupiec-Weglinsky, J; Tilney, N L

1994-01-01

138

Association of ophthalmic complications in patients with sulfur mustard induced mild ocular complications and serum soluble adhesion molecules: Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate possible association between ophthalmic complications in sulfur mustard (SM) exposed patients with mild ocular injuries and serum soluble adhesion molecules. Serum levels of sICAM-1, sL-selectin, sP-selectin and sE-selectin in 367 SM-exposed individuals with or without eye injuries were checked and compared with 128 unexposed controls. All participants underwent ocular examinations. Serum sICAM-1 level in SM exposed with blurred vision, was significantly (p=0.021) higher than in SM exposed with no blurred vision. Serum sL-selectin level was significantly (p=0.024) higher in SM exposed with photophobia than SM exposed with no photophobia. Serum P-selectin level in exposed without any slit lamp findings was significantly (p=0.003) lower than the matched control groups. Similar finding was seen in exposed group without ocular problem compared with the control groups. Serum sE-selectin level in exposed with normal ocular condition except for photophobia and blurred vision was significantly (p<0.05) higher than the matched controls. Serum E-selectin level in exposed with photophobia condition was significantly (p=0.047) higher than the control group with photophobia. In conclusion it seems that the changes in the E- and P-selectins is a regulatory mechanism for inhibition of SM induced ocular problems, although the local levels are more important and further investigations required in more severe ocular problems in SM exposed patients. PMID:23370300

Ghasemi, Hassan; Yaraee, Roya; Hassan, Zuhair Mohammad; Faghihzadeh, Soghrat; Soroush, Mohammad-Reza; Pourfarzam, Shahriar; Ebtekar, Massoumeh; Babaei, Mahmoud; Moaiedmohseni, Sakine; Naghizadeh, Mohammad-Mehdi; Askari, Nayere; Ghazanfari, Tooba

2013-11-01

139

Mouse Model of Transplant Arteriosclerosis Role of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transplant-accelerated arteriosclerosis in coronary arteries is the major limitation to long-term survival of patients with heart transplantation. The pathogenesis of this disease is not fully understood. Herein, we describe a simplified model of artery allografts in the mouse that allows us to take advantage of transgenic, knockout, or mutant animals. Common carotid arteries or aortic vessels were end-to-end allografted into

Hermann Dietrich; Yanhua Hu; Yiping Zou; Stephan Dirnhofer; Roman Kleindienst; Georg Wick; Qingbo Xu

140

Functional Mineralocorticoid Receptors in Human Vascular Endothelial Cells Regulate Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 Expression and Promote Leukocyte Adhesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In clinical trials, aldosterone antagonists decrease cardiovascular mortality and ischemia by unknown mechanisms. The steroid hormone aldosterone acts by binding to the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), a ligand-acti- vated transcription factor. In humans, aldosterone causes MR-dependent endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction and in animal models, aldosterone increases vascular macrophage infiltration and atherosclerosis. MR antagonists inhibit these effects without changing blood pressure, suggesting

Massimiliano Caprio; Brenna G. Newfell; Andrea la Sala; Wendy Baur; Andrea Fabbri; Giuseppe Rosano; Michael E. Mendelsohn; Iris Z. Jaffe

2010-01-01

141

A Mountain Pass for Reacting Molecules1 Mathieu LEWIN  

E-print Network

A Mountain Pass for Reacting Molecules1 Mathieu LEWIN CEREMADE, CNRS UMR 7534, Universit´e Paris IX nuclei, and look for a mountain pass point between the two minima in the non-relativistic Schr by the mountain pass method are not compact. This enables us to identify precisely the possible values

Pravda-Starov, Karel

142

Evidence of Endothelial Activation in Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum Parasitemia and Effect of Blood Group on Levels of von Willebrand Factor in Malaria  

PubMed Central

Background. Endothelial activation may contribute to development of severe disease from Plasmodium falciparum infection, but optimal markers of endothelial activation in severe malaria, the extent of endothelial activation in asymptomatic infection, and the effect of blood group O on endothelial activation have not been defined. Methods. Serum levels of 3 markers of endothelial activation—von Willebrand factor (VWF), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1)—were assessed in Ugandan children with cerebral malaria (CM) (n = 86), children with uncomplicated malaria (UM) (n = 81), and community children (CC) (n = 90). Results. Serum VWF, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 levels were all elevated in asymptomatic community children with microscopy-confirmed parasitemia when compared with children without parasitemia by microscopy or polymerase chain reaction (all, P ? .05). Levels of VWF, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 were higher in children with UM than in CC (all, P < 0.001), but only VWF levels effectively distinguished CM from UM (P < 0.001), a finding confirmed by receiver operating characteristic analyses (area under the curve = 0.67; 95% confidence interval, .58–.75). Von Willebrand factor levels were lower in children with blood group O versus non-O blood groups across the disease spectrum, but VWF levels remained higher in CM versus UM, even after controlling for blood group. Conclusions. Endothelial activation, as assessed by serum levels of VWF, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1, occurs even in subclinical P. falciparum parasitemia. Von Willebrand factor levels increase with greater malaria disease severity. Blood group O is associated with lower VWF levels, but presence of blood group O alone does not explain the higher VWF levels seen in children with CM. PMID:23687570

Park, Gregory S.; Ireland, Kathleen F.; Opoka, Robert O.; John, Chandy C.

2012-01-01

143

Tumor Necrosis factor-alpha Induces Adhesion Molecule Expression through the Sphingosine Kinase Pathway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The signaling pathways that couple tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha ) receptors to functional, especially inflammatory, responses have remained elusive. We report here that TNFalpha induces endothelial cell activation, as measured by the expression of adhesion protein E-selectin and vascular adhesion molecule-1, through the sphingosine kinase (SKase) signaling pathway. Treatment of human umbilical vein endothelial cells with TNFalpha resulted in a

Pu Xia; Jennifer R. Gamble; Kerry-Anne Rye; Lijun Wang; Charles S. T. Hii; Peter Cockerill; Yeesim Khew-Goodall; Andrew G. Bert; Philip J. Barter; Mathew A. Vadas

1998-01-01

144

ELAM1 Mediates Cell Adhesion by Recognition of a Carbohydrate Ligand, Sialyl-Le^x  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recruitment of neutrophils to sites of inflammation is mediated in part by endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1), which is expressed on activated endothelial cells of the blood vessel walls. ELAM-1 is a member of the LEC-CAM or selectin family of adhesion molecules that contain a lectin motif thought to recognize carbohydrate ligands. In this report, cell adhesion by ELAM-1 is

M. Laurie Phillips; Edward Nudelman; Federico C. A. Gaeta; Mary Perez; Anil K. Singhal; Sen-Itiroh Hakomori; James C. Paulson

1990-01-01

145

Polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A process was developed for preparing aromatic polyamide acids for use as adhesives by reacting an aromatic dianhydride to an approximately equimolar amount of an aromatic diamine in a water or lower alkanol miscible ether solvent. The polyamide acids are converted to polyimides by heating to the temperature range of 200 - 300 C. The polyimides are thermally stable and insoluble in ethers and other organic solvents.

Progar, D. J.; Bell, V. L.; Stclair, T. L. (inventors)

1977-01-01

146

Thermal Characterization of Adhesive  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current Space Shuttle Reusable Solid Rocket Motor (RSRM) nozzle adhesive bond system is being replaced due to obsolescence. Down-selection and performance testing of the structural adhesives resulted in the selection of two candidate replacement adhesives, Resin Technology Group's Tiga 321 and 3M's EC2615XLW. This paper describes rocket motor testing of these two adhesives. Four forty-pound charge motors were fabricated in configurations that would allow side by side comparison testing of the candidate replacement adhesives and the current RSRM adhesives. The motors provided an environment where the thermal performance of adhesives in flame surface bondlines was compared. Results of the FPC testing show that: 1) The phenolic char depths on radial bond lines is approximately the same and vary depending on the position in the blast tube regardless of which adhesive was used; 2) The adhesive char depth of the candidate replacement adhesives is less than the char depth of the current adhesives; 3) The heat-affected depth of the candidate replacement adhesives is less than the heat-affected depth of the current adhesives; and 4) The ablation rates for both replacement adhesives are slower than that of the current adhesives.

Spomer, Ken A.

1999-01-01

147

Understanding Marine Mussel Adhesion  

PubMed Central

In addition to identifying the proteins that have a role in underwater adhesion by marine mussels, research efforts have focused on identifying the genes responsible for the adhesive proteins, environmental factors that may influence protein production, and strategies for producing natural adhesives similar to the native mussel adhesive proteins. The production-scale availability of recombinant mussel adhesive proteins will enable researchers to formulate adhesives that are water-impervious and ecologically safe and can bind materials ranging from glass, plastics, metals, and wood to materials, such as bone or teeth, biological organisms, and other chemicals or molecules. Unfortunately, as of yet scientists have been unable to duplicate the processes that marine mussels use to create adhesive structures. This study provides a background on adhesive proteins identified in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, and introduces our research interests and discusses the future for continued research related to mussel adhesion. PMID:17990038

Roberto, Francisco F.

2007-01-01

148

Understanding Marine Mussel Adhesion  

SciTech Connect

In addition to identifying the proteins that have a role in underwater adhesion by marine mussels, research efforts have focused on identifying the genes responsible for the adhesive proteins, environmental factors that may influence protein production, and strategies for producing natural adhesives similar to the native mussel adhesive proteins. The production-scale availability of recombinant mussel adhesive proteins will enable researchers to formulate adhesives that are waterimpervious and ecologically safe and can bind materials ranging from glass, plastics, metals, and wood to materials, such as bone or teeth, biological organisms, and other chemicals or molecules. Unfortunately, as of yet scientists have been unable to duplicate the processes that marine mussels use to create adhesive structures. This study provides a background on adhesive proteins identified in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, and introduces our research interests and discusses the future for continued research related to mussel adhesion.

H. G. Silverman; F. F. Roberto

2007-12-01

149

Talc-induced Expression of CC and C-X-C Chemokines and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule1 in Mesothelial Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatment of symptomatic carcinomatous pleural effusions is primarily directed at local palliation with a wide variety of sclerosing agents, of which talc is considered to be the most successful. The mechanism whereby talc achieves this effect is unknown. The objective of this study was to investi- gate whether talc stimulates pleural mesothelial cells (PMC) to release C-X-C and\\/or C-C chemokines

NAJMUNNISA NASREEN; DANIEL L. HARTMAN; KAMAL A. MOHAMMED; VEENA B. ANTONY

1998-01-01

150

Human amebic liver abscess: expression of intercellular adhesion molecules 1 and 2 and of von Willebrand factor in endothelial cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liver invasion by amebas with production of amebic liver abscess (ALA) is the most common extraintestinal lesion produced\\u000a by the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. This hepatic damage is characterized by the presence of extensive tissue necrosis. However, little is known about the parasite\\u000a and host factors involved in the process of tissue damage. During the early establishment of amebas in

J. Ventura-Juárez; R. Campos-Rodríguez; H. A. Rodríguez-Martínez; A. Rodríguez-Reyes; A. Martínez-Palomo; V. Tsutsumi

1997-01-01

151

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 in T cell differentiation and as a target for peptide therapy of type 1 diabetes  

E-print Network

can bind to bacteria and viruses to neutralize them, tag elements for opsonization, aggluntinate to form insoluble complexes for clearance and initiate components of complement pathways. The cell-mediated immune response is driven by CD8+ cytotoxic...

Dotson, Abby Louise

2012-05-31

152

Engineering of Single Ig Superfamily Domain of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1) for Native Fold and Function*S  

E-print Network

site for the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and human rhinovirus. Despite fold while retaining its ability to bind to LFA-1 and rhinovirus. First, with a directed evolution-infected erythrocytes (8) and has been subverted as a receptor for human rhinovirus (9, 10) and Coxsackievirus A21 (11

Springer, Timothy A.

153

Interleukin-6 and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression remains elevated in revived live endothelial cells following spaceflight.  

PubMed

The effects of spaceflight on cardiovascular health are not necessarily seen immediately after astronauts have returned but can be delayed. It is important to investigate the long term effects of spaceflight on protein and gene expression of inflammation and endothelial activation as a predictor for the development of atherosclerosis and potential cardiovascular problems. The objectives of this study were to investigate the (a) protein and gene expression of inflammation and endothelial activation, (b) expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF?B), signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) 3 months post-space flight travel compared to ground controls. HUVEC cultured on microcarriers in fluid processing apparatus were flown to the International Space Station (ISS) by the Soyuz TMA-11 rocket. After landing, the cells were detached from microcarriers and recultured in T-25 cm(2) culture flasks (Revived HUVEC). Soluble protein expression of IL-6, TNF-?, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and e-selectin were measured by ELISA. Gene expression of these markers and in addition NF?B, STAT-3 and eNOS were measured. Spaceflight induced IL-6 and ICAM-1 remain elevated even after 3 months post spaceflight travel and this is mediated via STAT-3 pathway. The downregulation of eNOS expression in revived HUVEC cells suggests a reduced protection of the cells and the surrounding vessels against future insults that may lead to atherosclerosis. It would be crucial to explore preventive measures, in relation to atherosclerosis and its related complications. PMID:24362480

Muid, S; Froemming, G R A; Ali, A M; Nawawi, H

2013-12-01

154

Antibodies to Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1\\/Lymphocyte Function-associated Antigen 1 Prevent Crescent Formation in Rat Autoimmune Glomerulonephritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

SBmlTlftry In patients with glomerulonephritis widespread crescents are associated with a poor prognosis. Crescent formation appears to depend on the migration of mononuclear cells into Bowman's space, and therefore the interaction between leukocytes and glomerular endothelium may be a critical event in the genesis of crescents. We performed the present study to determine the effects of mouse monoclonal antibodies to

Kazuhiro Nishikawa; Ya-Jun Guo; Masayuki Miyasaka; Takuya Tamatani; A. Bernard Collins; Man-Sun Sy; Robert T. McCluskey; Giuseppe Andres

155

Internal Tissue Adhesive Approved  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Internal Tissue Adhesive Approved TissuGlu connects tissue flaps stemming from surgery ... and Drug Administration has approved the first tissue adhesive for internal use. Known as TissuGlu, surgeons can ...

156

Effect of Linomide on adhesion molecules, TNF-alpha, nitrogen oxide, and cell adhesion.  

PubMed

Linomide (quinoline-3-carboxamide) is an immunomodulator with anti-inflammatory effects in rodents with autoimmune diseases. Its mode of action still remains to be elucidated. We hypothesized that an investigation of T cell interactions with the extracellular matrix (ECM), composed of glycoproteins such as fibronectin (FN) and laminin (LN), might provide better understanding of their in vivo mode of action in extravascular inflammatory sites. We examined the effect of Linomide on T cell adhesion to intact ECM, and separately to LN, and FN, and on the release and production of tumor necrosis factor (TNFalpha) and nitrogen oxide (NO) in relation to adhesive molecules in non-obese diabetic (NOD) female spleen cells, focusing on intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and CD44. NOD female mice that developed spontaneous autoimmune insulitis, which destroys pancreatic islets and subsequently leads to insulin-deficient diabetes mellitus, were studied. Linomide, given in the drinking water or added to tissue cultures in vitro, inhibited the beta1 integrin-mediated adhesion of T cells to ECM, FN and LN, as well as the production and release of TNFalpha and NO, which play a major role in the induction and propagation of T cell-mediated insulitis. In addition, exposure of T cells to Linomide resulted in increased expression of CD44 and ICAM-1 molecules on spleen cells of Linomide-treated mice; such an increase in adhesion molecule expression may lead to more effective arrest of T cell migration in vivo. The regulation of T-cell adhesion, adhesion receptor expression, and inhibition of TNFalpha and NO secretion by Linomide may explain its beneficial role and provide a new tool for suppressing self-reactive T cell-dependent autoimmune diseases. PMID:15652754

Abdul-Hai, A; Hershkoviz, R; Weiss, L; Lider, O; Slavin, S

2005-02-01

157

Novel Cytokine-independent Induction of Endothelial Adhesion Molecules Regulated by Platelet/Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule (CD31)  

PubMed Central

Tumor necrosis factor–?, interleukin-1, and endotoxin stimulate the expression of vascular endothelial cell (EC) adhesion molecules. Here we describe a novel pathway of adhesion molecule induction that is independent of exogenous factors, but which is dependent on integrin signaling and cell–cell interactions. Cells plated onto gelatin, fibronectin, collagen or fibrinogen, or anti-integrin antibodies, expressed increased amounts of E-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule1, and intercellular adhesion molecule1. In contrast, ECs failed to express E-selectin when plated on poly-l-lysine or when plated on fibrinogen in the presence of attachment-inhibiting, cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp peptides. The duration and magnitude of adhesion molecule expression was dependent on EC density. Induction of E-selectin on ECs plated at confluent density was transient and returned to basal levels by 15 h after plating when only 7 ± 2% (n = 5) of cells were positive. In contrast, cells plated at low density displayed a 17-fold greater expression of E-selectin than did high density ECs with 57 ± 4% (n = 5) positive for E-selectin expression 15 h after plating, and significant expression still evident 72 h after plating. The confluency-dependent inhibition of expression of E-selectin was at least partly mediated through the cell junctional protein, platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule1 (PECAM-1). Antibodies against PECAM-1, but not against VE-cadherin, increased E-selectin expression on confluent ECs. Co– culture of subconfluent ECs with PECAM-1– coated beads or with L cells transfected with full-length PECAM-1 or with a cytoplasmic truncation PECAM-1 mutant, inhibited E-selectin expression. In contrast, untransfected L cells or L cells transfected with an adhesion-defective domain 2 deletion PECAM-1 mutant failed to regulate E-selectin expression. In an in vitro model of wounding the wound front displayed an increase in the number of E-selectin–expressing cells, and also an increase in the intensity of expression of E-selectin positive cells compared to the nonwounded monolayer. Thus we propose that the EC junction, and in particular, the junctional molecule PECAM-1, is a powerful regulator of endothelial adhesiveness. PMID:9314541

Litwin, Marek; Clark, Katherine; Noack, Leanne; Furze, Jill; Berndt, Michael; Albelda, Steven; Vadas, Mathew; Gamble, Jennifer

1997-01-01

158

Flexibilized Copolyimide Adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two copolyimides, LARC-STPI and STPI-LARC-2, with flexible backbones were prepared and characterized as adhesives. The processability and adhesive properties were compared to those of a commercially available form of LARC-TPI.Lap shear specimens were fabricated using adhesive tape prepared from each of the three polymers. Lap shear tests were performed at room temperature, 177°C, and 204°C before and after exposure to

Donald J. Progar; Terry L. St. Clair

1987-01-01

159

Role of inflammation in previously untreated macular edema with branch retinal vein occlusion  

PubMed Central

Background The association of inflammatory factors and the aqueous flare value with macular edema in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) patients remains unclear. The relationship between the aqueous flare value and the vitreous fluid levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin (IL)-6, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1), and soluble VEGF receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2) was evaluated to investigate the role of inflammation in BRVO associated with macular edema. Aqueous flare values and the vitreous levels of VEGF, IL-6, MCP-1, sICAM-1, and sVEGFR-2 were compared between previously untreated patients with BRVO and patients with macular hole (MH). Methods Vitreous samples were obtained from 45 patients during vitreoretinal surgery (28 patients with BRVO and 17 with MH), and the levels of VEGF, IL-6, MCP-1, sICAM-1, and sVEGFR-2 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Retinal ischemia was evaluated by measuring the area of capillary non-perfusion using fluorescein angiography and the Scion Image program. Aqueous flare values were measured with a laser flare meter and macular edema was examined by optical coherence tomography. Results The median aqueous flare value was significantly higher in the BRVO group (12.1 photon counts/ms) than in the MH group (4.5 photon counts/ms, P?

2014-01-01

160

Adhesion at metal interfaces  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A basic adhesion process is defined, the theory of the properties influencing metallic adhesion is outlined, and theoretical approaches to the interface problem are presented, with emphasis on first-principle calculations as well as jellium-model calculations. The computation of the energies of adhesion as a function of the interfacial separation is performed; fully three-dimensional calculations are presented, and universality in the shapes of the binding energy curves is considered. An embedded-atom method and equivalent-crystal theory are covered in the framework of issues involved in practical adhesion.

Banerjea, Amitava; Ferrante, John; Smith, John R.

1991-01-01

161

International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives 28 (2007) 7790 Properties of adhesives and CPVC materials proposed  

E-print Network

International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives 28 (2007) 77­90 Properties of adhesives and CPVC conditions. A total of 132 adhesive and CPVC tension coupons were examined under severe environmental were conducted to evaluate the shear strength of the adhesive using 50 CPVC- to-steel specimens

162

Adhesives Mixer Applicator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two-part adhesives are stored, mixed, and dispensed by an applicator originally developed for use aboard the Space Shuttle orbiter. Compressed gas furnishes energy for mixing and dispensing. An operator needs only to open pressure valve and pull a trigger on dispenser nozzle to apply adhesive.

Ramos, D. O.; Werner, K. E.

1982-01-01

163

Adhesive bonding of aluminum alloys  

SciTech Connect

The topics concerned with the European chromic acid anodize process, the sealed chromic acid anodize, the phosphoric acid anodize, surface analysis, and adhesive selection are discussed. Consideration is given to epoxy adhesives, elevated-temperature-resistant adhesives, the mechanical properties of adhesives, environmental/durability testing, and coatings. Data on the use of chemical analysis for control, the structural analysis of adhesive-bonded joints, tooling design and inspection, nondestructive inspection, and adhesive-bonded aluminum structure repair are presented.

Thrall, E.W.; Shannon, R.W.

1985-01-01

164

Soluble interleukin-2 receptor is a thyroid hormone-dependent early-response marker in the treatment of thyrotoxicosis.  

PubMed Central

Thyrotoxic patients exhibit increased levels of immune activation molecules (soluble interleukin-2 receptor [sIL-2R], intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1], and endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 [ELAM-1]) in serum, although the clinical significance of these measurements remains unclear. In a randomized 4-week study, we have recently shown that in the treatment of hyperthyroidism, the combination of cholestyramine and methimazole (MMI) resulted in faster lowering of serum thyroid-hormone levels than did MMI alone. Stored serial serum samples from patients participating in this randomized treatment trial were analyzed for sIL-2R, soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1), and soluble ELAM-1 (sELAM-1). The levels of all three molecules were elevated in patients with hyperthyroidism. Although the levels of sICAM-1 and sELAM-1 remained elevated through the 4-week follow-up period in both groups of patients, the sIL-2R levels (normal levels, 1.0 to 4.2 ng/ml) decreased significantly in the 10 patients who received cholestyramine in addition to MMI (week 0, 14.2 +/- 1.5 ng/ml; week 2, 10.8 +/- 1.2 ng/ml; week 4, 8.9 +/- 1.5 ng/ml). In eight patients who received MMI alone, sIL-2R decreased less rapidly (week 0, 12.3 +/- 1.4 ng/ml; week 2, 12.3 +/- 1.3 ng/ml; week 4, 10.9 +/- 1.3 ng/ml). sICAM-1 and sELAM-1 were elevated at baseline but did not decrease during therapy. In the former group, free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine decreased faster. These data show that levels of sIL-2R in serum, but not those of sICAM-1 and sELAM-1, may be of clinical use in the early follow-up evaluation of medically treated patients. PMID:9302209

Smallridge, R C; Tsokos, G C; Burman, K D; Porter, L; Cranston, T; Sfikakis, P P; Solomon, B L

1997-01-01

165

Adhesives in larynx repair.  

PubMed

Guinea pig laryngeal fractures were used as a model to compare the ease of application and effectiveness of the fibrinogen-adhesive system with the ease of application and effectiveness of cyanoacrylate glue and control fractures stinted with contralateral gelatin film. Seven fibrin adhesive-treated and two cyanoacrylate glue-treated guinea pigs were perfused after 60 and 35 days, respectively. The larynges were serial sectioned, and the wound sites were compared. The fibrinogen adhesive system was easier to dispense than cyanoacrylate glue, did not require a completely dry surface, and stabilized within 3 minutes. Cartilage segment alignment with focal, complete fracture healing and symmetrical chondrocyte proliferation were seen in fibrogen adhesive-stinted larynges. In the cyanoacrylate glue-treated larynges, there was no alignment and minimal, asymmetrical chondrocyte proliferation. Gelatin film-stinted controls exhibited similar features. Thus, fibrogen adhesive was easier to apply and more effectively bound laryngeal fractures than cyanoacrylate glue or gelatin film. PMID:2467154

Lyons, M B; Lyons, G D; Webster, D; Wheeler, V R

1989-04-01

166

Tissue adhesives in otorhinolaryngology  

PubMed Central

The development of medical tissue adhesives has a long history without finding an all-purpose tissue adhesive for clinical daily routine. This is caused by the specific demands which are made on a tissue adhesive, and the different areas of application. In otorhinolaryngology, on the one hand, this is the mucosal environment as well as the application on bones, cartilage and periphery nerves. On the other hand, there are stressed regions (skin, oral cavity, pharynx, oesophagus, trachea) and unstressed regions (middle ear, nose and paranasal sinuses, cranial bones). But due to the facts that adhesives can have considerable advantages in assuring surgery results, prevention of complications and so reduction of medical costs/treatment expenses, the search for new adhesives for use in otorhinolaryngology will be continued intensively. In parallel, appropriate application systems have to be developed for microscopic and endoscopic use. PMID:22073094

Schneider, Gerlind

2011-01-01

167

Rapid Up-Regulation of ?4 Integrin-mediated Leukocyte Adhesion by Transforming Growth Factor-?1  

PubMed Central

The ?4 integrins (?4?1 and ?4?7) are cell surface heterodimers expressed mostly on leukocytes that mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion. A characteristic feature of ?4 integrins is that their adhesive activity can be subjected to rapid modulation during the process of cell migration. Herein, we show that transforming growth factor-?1 (TGF-?1) rapidly (0.5–5 min) and transiently up-regulated ?4 integrin-dependent adhesion of different human leukocyte cell lines and human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) to their ligands vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and connecting segment-1/fibronectin. In addition, TGF-?1 enhanced the ?4 integrin-mediated adhesion of PBLs to tumor necrosis factor-?–treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells, indicating the stimulation of ?4?1/VCAM-1 interaction. Although TGF-?1 rapidly activated the small GTPase RhoA and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, enhanced adhesion did not require activation of both signaling molecules. Instead, polymerization of actin cytoskeleton triggered by TGF-?1 was necessary for ?4 integrin-dependent up-regulated adhesion, and elevation of intracellular cAMP opposed this up-regulation. Moreover, TGF-?1 further increased cell adhesion mediated by ?4 integrins in response to the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1?. These data suggest that TGF-?1 can potentially contribute to cell migration by dynamically regulating cell adhesion mediated by ?4 integrins. PMID:12529426

Bartolomé, Rubén A.; Sanz-Rodríguez, Francisco; Robledo, Mar M.; Hidalgo, Andrés; Teixidó, Joaquin

2003-01-01

168

ICAM-1-independent adhesion of neutrophils to phorbol ester-stimulated human airway epithelial cells.  

PubMed

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is the only inducible adhesion receptor for neutrophils identified in bronchial epithelial cells. We stimulated human airway epithelial cells with various agonists to evaluate whether ICAM-1-independent adhesion mechanisms could be elicited. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulation of cells of the alveolar cell line A549 caused a rapid, significant increase in neutrophil adhesion from 11 +/- 3 to 49 +/- 7% (SE). A significant increase from 17 +/- 4 to 39 +/- 6% was also observed for neutrophil adhesion to PMA-stimulated human bronchial epithelial cells in primary culture. Although ICAM-1 expression was upregulated by PMA at late time points, it was not affected at 10 min when neutrophil adhesion was already clearly enhanced. Antibodies to ICAM-1 had no effect on neutrophil adhesion. In contrast, antibodies to the leukocyte integrin beta-chain CD18 totally inhibited the adhesion of neutrophils to PMA-stimulated epithelial cells. These results demonstrate that PMA stimulation of human airway epithelial cells causes an increase in neutrophil adhesion that is not dependent on ICAM-1 upregulation. PMID:10484453

Celi, A; Cianchetti, S; Petruzzelli, S; Carnevali, S; Baliva, F; Giuntini, C

1999-09-01

169

Desmosomal adhesion in vivo.  

PubMed

Desmosomes are intercellular junctions that provide strong adhesion or hyper-adhesion in tissues. Here, we discuss the molecular and structural basis of this with particular reference to the desmosomal cadherins (DCs), their isoforms and evolution. We also assess the role of DCs as regulators of epithelial differentiation. New data on the role of desmosomes in development and human disease, especially wound healing and pemphigus, are briefly discussed, and the importance of regulation of the adhesiveness of desmosomes in tissue dynamics is considered. PMID:24460202

Berika, Mohamed; Garrod, David

2014-02-01

170

Lactobacillus Adhesion to Mucus  

PubMed Central

Mucus provides protective functions in the gastrointestinal tract and plays an important role in the adhesion of microorganisms to host surfaces. Mucin glycoproteins polymerize, forming a framework to which certain microbial populations can adhere, including probiotic Lactobacillus species. Numerous mechanisms for adhesion to mucus have been discovered in lactobacilli, including partially characterized mucus binding proteins. These mechanisms vary in importance with the in vitro models studied, which could significantly affect the perceived probiotic potential of the organisms. Understanding the nature of mucus-microbe interactions could be the key to elucidating the mechanisms of probiotic adhesion within the host. PMID:22254114

Tassell, Maxwell L. Van; Miller, Michael J.

2011-01-01

171

Stuck on You: Adhesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners explore water adhesion and learn about why water molecules are more strongly attracted to some substances than others. In an investigation titled "Fabric Frenzy," learners use a magnifying glass to examine different fabrics and hypothesize whether each kind would be good for soaking up water. Learners then weigh the dry fabrics, predict how water will affect the weight of each sample, wet the samples, and weigh them again to see how much water they in fact absorb. Learners also examine other liquids and compare their adhesion to water adhesion.

New Jersey

2006-01-01

172

Adhesive Contact Sweeper  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesive contact sweeper removes hair and particles vacuum cleaner leaves behind, without stirring up dust. Also cleans loose rugs. Sweeper holds commercially available spools of inverted adhesive tape. Suitable for use in environments in which air kept free of dust; optics laboratories, computer rooms, and areas inhabited by people allergic to dust. For carpets, best used in tandem with vacuum cleaner; first pass with vacuum cleaner removes coarse particles, and second pass with sweeper extracts fine particles. This practice extends useful life of adhesive spools.

Patterson, Jonathan D.

1993-01-01

173

The clinical performance of adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Traditional mechanical methods of retaining restorative materials have been replaced to a large extent by tooth conserving adhesive restorative techniques. Because adhesives have been evolving so rapidly for the last few years, the timing is right for evaluating the clinical status of present day adhesives.Data sources: Current literature with regard to the clinical performance of adhesives has been reviewed.

B. Van Meerbeek; J. Perdigão; P. Lambrechts; G. Vanherle

1998-01-01

174

Adhesion of Lunar Dust  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews the physical characteristics of lunar dust and the effects of various fundamental forces acting on dust particles on surfaces in a lunar environment. There are transport forces and adhesion forces after contact. Mechanical forces (i.e., from rover wheels, astronaut boots and rocket engine blast) and static electric effects (from UV photo-ionization and/or tribo-electric charging) are likely to be the major contributors to the transport of dust particles. If fine regolith particles are deposited on a surface, then surface energy-related (e.g., van der Walls) adhesion forces and static-electric-image forces are likely to be the strongest contributors to adhesion. Some measurement techniques are offered to quantify the strength of adhesion forces. And finally some dust removal techniques are discussed.

Walton, Otis R.

2007-04-01

175

Adhesives for Aerospace  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The industry is hereby challenged to integrate adhesive technology with the total structure requirements in light of today's drive into automation/mechanization. The state of the art of adhesive technology is fairly well meeting the needs of the structural designers, the processing engineer, and the inspector, each on an individual basis. The total integration of these needs into the factory of the future is the next collective hurdle to be achieved. Improved processing parameters to fit the needs of automation/mechanization will necessitate some changes in the adhesive forms, formulations, and chemistries. Adhesives have, for the most part, kept up with the needs of the aerospace industry, normally leading the rest of the industry in developments. The wants of the aerospace industry still present a challenge to encompass all elements, achieving a totally integrated joined and sealed structural system. Better toughness with hot-wet strength improvements is desired. Lower cure temperatures, longer out times, and improved corrosion inhibition are desired.

Meade, L. E.

1985-01-01

176

Adhesion of Lunar Dust  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reviews the physical characteristics of lunar dust and the effects of various fundamental forces acting on dust particles on surfaces in a lunar environment. There are transport forces and adhesion forces after contact. Mechanical forces (i.e., from rover wheels, astronaut boots and rocket engine blast) and static electric effects (from UV photo-ionization and/or tribo-electric charging) are likely to be the major contributors to the transport of dust particles. If fine regolith particles are deposited on a surface, then surface energy-related (e.g., van der Walls) adhesion forces and static-electric-image forces are likely to be the strongest contributors to adhesion. Some measurement techniques are offered to quantify the strength of adhesion forces. And finally some dust removal techniques are discussed.

Walton, Otis R.

2007-01-01

177

Optical adhesive property study  

SciTech Connect

Tests were performed to characterize the mechanical and thermal properties of selected optical adhesives to identify the most likely candidate which could survive the operating environment of the Direct Optical Initiation (DOI) program. The DOI system consists of a high power laser and an optical module used to split the beam into a number of channels to initiate the system. The DOI requirements are for a high shock environment which current military optical systems do not operate. Five candidate adhesives were selected and evaluated using standardized test methods to determine the adhesives` physical properties. EC2216, manufactured by 3M, was selected as the baseline candidate adhesive based on the test results of the physical properties.

Sundvold, P.D.

1996-01-01

178

Adhesion by Pathogenic Corynebacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Pathogenic members of the genus Corynebacterium cause a wide range of serious infections in humans including diphtheria. Adhesion to host cells is a crucial step during\\u000a infection. In Corynebacterium diphtheriae, adhesion is mediated primarily by filamentous structures called pili or fimbriae that are covalently attached to the bacterial\\u000a cell wall. C. diphtheriae produces three distinct pilus structures, SpaA-, SpaD- and

Elizabeth A. Rogers; Asis Das; Hung Ton-That

179

High temperature adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aerospace and electronics industries have an ever increasing need for higher performance materials. In recent years, linear aromatic polyimides have been proven to be a superior class of materials for various applications in these industries. The use of this class of polymers as adhesives is continuing to increase. Several NASA Langley developed polyimides show considerable promise as adhesives because of their high glass transition temperatures, thermal stability, resistance to solvents/water, and their potential for cost effective manufacture.

St.clair, Terry L.

1991-01-01

180

Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-print Network

The notion of `adhesion' has been advanced for the phenomenon of stabilization of large-scale structure emerging from gravitational instability of a cold medium. Recently, the physical origin of adhesion has been identified: a systematic derivation of the equations of motion for the density and the velocity fields leads naturally to the key equation of the `adhesion approximation' - however, under a set of strongly simplifying assumptions. In this work, we provide an evaluation of the current status of adhesive gravitational clustering and a clear explanation of the assumptions involved. Furthermore, we propose systematic generalizations with the aim to relax some of the simplifying assumptions. We start from the general Newtonian evolution equations for self-gravitating particles on an expanding Friedmann background and recover the popular `dust model' (pressureless fluid), which breaks down after the formation of density singularities; then we investigate, in a unified framework, two other models which, under the restrictions referred to above, lead to the `adhesion approximation'. We apply the Eulerian and Lagrangian perturbative expansions to these new models and, finally, we discuss some non-perturbative results that may serve as starting points for workable approximations of non-linear structure formation in the multi-stream regime. In particular, we propose a new approximation that includes, in limiting cases, the standard `adhesion model' and the Eulerian as well as Lagrangian first-order approximations.

Thomas Buchert; Alvaro Dominguez

2005-06-21

181

Adhesive bonding of aluminum alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topics concerned with the European chromic acid anodize process, the sealed chromic acid anodize, the phosphoric acid anodize, surface analysis, and adhesive selection are discussed. Consideration is given to epoxy adhesives, elevated-temperature-resistant adhesives, the mechanical properties of adhesives, environmental\\/durability testing, and coatings. Data on the use of chemical analysis for control, the structural analysis of adhesive-bonded joints, tooling design

E. W. Thrall; R. W. Shannon

1985-01-01

182

A role for cell adhesion in beryllium-mediated lung disease  

SciTech Connect

Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a debilitating lung disorder in which exposure to the lightweight metal beryllium (Be) causes the accumulation of beryllium-specific CD4+ T cells in the lung and formation of noncaseating pulmonary granulomas. Treatment for CBD patients who exhibit progressive pulmonary decline is limited to systemic corticosteroids, which suppress the severe host inflammatory response. Studies in the past several years have begun to highlight cell-cell adhesion interactions in the development of Be hypersensitivity and CBD. In particular, the high binding affinity between intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (I-CAM1) on lung epithelial cells and the {beta}{sub 2} integrin LFA-1 on migrating lymphocytes and macrophages regulates the concerted rolling of immune cells to sites of inflammation in the lung. In this review, we discuss the evidence that implicates cell adhesion processes in onset of Be disease and the potential of cell adhesion as an intervention point for development of novel therapies.

Hong-geller, Elizabeth [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

183

Anti-inflammatory drugs and endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression in murine vascular beds  

PubMed Central

Background—Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are characterised by an intense infiltration of leucocytes that is mediated by adhesion molecules expressed on the surface of activated endothelial cells. ?Aims—To determine whether drugs used in the treatment of IBD, specifically dexamethasone (DEX), 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), methotrexate (MTX), and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), alter the expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs). ?Methods—The expression of P-selectin, E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and vascular CAM 1(VCAM-1) in different vascular beds of C57Bl/6J mice was measured using the dual radiolabelled monoclonal antibody technique. ?Results—Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) elicited a profound increase in the expression of all ECAMs in the mesentery, small intestine, caecum, and distal colon. The LPS induced increase in CAM expression was not significantly affected by prior treatment with either MTX or 6-MP. However, pretreatment with either DEX or 5-ASA significantly attenuated LPS induced increases in expression of P- and E-selectin, and VCAM-1 in the majority of tissues evaluated. DEX also blunted the LPS induced increase in ICAM-1 expression in the caecum and distal colon. DEX, but not 5-ASA, largely abolished the rise in plasma tumour necrosis factor ? elicited by LPS. ?Conclusions—These findings suggest that DEX and 5-ASA may exert their beneficial therapeutic action in IBD, at least in part, by inhibiting the expression of ECAMs which mediate leucocyte adhesion and transmigration in the microvasculature. ?? Keywords: P-selectin; E-selectin; intercellular adhesion molecule 1; vascular cell adhesion molecule 1; dexamethasone; 5-aminosalicylic acid PMID:9895377

Mori, N; Horie, Y; Gerritsen, M; Anderson, D; Granger, D

1999-01-01

184

Dry adhesives with sensing features  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geckos are capable of detecting detachment of their feet. Inspired by this basic observation, a novel functional dry adhesive is proposed, which can be used to measure the instantaneous forces and torques acting on an adhesive pad. Such a novel sensing dry adhesive could potentially be used by climbing robots to quickly realize and respond appropriately to catastrophic detachment conditions. The proposed torque and force sensing dry adhesive was fabricated by mixing Carbon Black (CB) and Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to form a functionalized adhesive with mushroom caps. The addition of CB to PDMS resulted in conductive PDMS which, when under compression, tension or torque, resulted in a change in the resistance across the adhesive patch terminals. The proposed design of the functionalized dry adhesive enables distinguishing an applied torque from a compressive force in a single adhesive pad. A model based on beam theory was used to predict the change in resistance across the terminals as either a torque or compressive force was applied to the adhesive patch. Under a compressive force, the sensing dry adhesive was capable of measuring compression stresses from 0.11 Pa to 20.9 kPa. The torque measured by the adhesive patch ranged from 2.6 to 10 mN m, at which point the dry adhesives became detached. The adhesive strength was 1.75 kPa under an applied preload of 1.65 kPa for an adhesive patch with an adhesive contact area of 7.07 cm2.

Krahn, J.; Menon, C.

2013-08-01

185

Regulation and function of adhesion molecule expression by human alveolar epithelial cells.  

PubMed Central

The role of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and adhesion molecule expression by alveolar epithelium on the modulation of immune responses in the lung is not understood. We have developed efficient methods to isolate, purify and culture human alveolar epithelial cells (type II pneumocytes) in vitro. The expression of MHC and adhesion molecules by isolated, cultured and cytokine-stimulated alveolar epithelial cells was quantified by flow cytometry, and demonstrated the presence of T-cell ligands including class I MHC, HLA-DR and HLA-DP, intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1; CD54) and lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-3; CD58), but not vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) (CD106) or B7 (CD80). The proinflammatory cytokine interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) caused an up-regulation of class I MHC and ICAM-1. In contrast, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) had little effect on the expression of these surface antigens by human alveolar epithelial cells. The functional activity of alveolar epithelial adhesion molecules was then studied by determining their ability to bind allogeneic lymphocytes. An increase in lymphocyte adherence to monolayers of alveolar epithelial cells was observed following in vitro activation. However, up-regulation of alveolar epithelial counter receptors with the proinflammatory cytokine gamma-IFN did not enhance adhesion. The adhesive interaction between CD18 on lymphocytes and ICAM-1 on alveolar epithelial cells was demonstrated by the use of blocking antibodies specific for both ligands. Blockade of LFA-3 on alveolar monolayers also suppressed lymphocyte adherence. In conclusion, alveolar epithelial cells expressed MHC HLA-A, B, C, HLA-DR and -DP, and functional adhesion molecules including ICAM-1 and LFA-3. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 4 PMID:7490130

Cunningham, A C; Kirby, J A

1995-01-01

186

Asbestos exposure upregulates the adhesion of pleural leukocytes to pleural mesothelial cells via VCAM-1.  

PubMed

This study was designed to assess the effects of in vitro and in vivo asbestos exposure on the adhesion of rat pleural leukocytes (RPLs) labeled with the fluorochrome calcein AM to rat pleural mesothelial cells (RPMCs). Exposure of RPMCs for 24 h to either crocidolite or chrysotile fibers (1.25-10 microgram/cm(2)) increased the adhesion of RPLs to RPMCs in a dose-dependent fashion, an effect that was potentiated by interleukin-1beta. These findings were not observed with nonfibrogenic carbonyl iron particles. Crocidolite and chrysotile plus interleukin-1beta also upregulated vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 mRNA and protein expression in RPMCs, and the binding of RPL to asbestos-treated RPMCs was abrogated by anti-vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 antibody. PRLs exposed by intermittent inhalation to crocidolite for 2 wk manifested significantly greater binding to RPMCs than did RPLs from sham-exposed animals. The ability of asbestos fibers to upregulate RPL adhesion to RPMCs may play a role in the induction and/or potentiation of asbestos-induced pleural injury. PMID:10444523

Choe, N; Zhang, J; Iwagaki, A; Tanaka, S; Hemenway, D R; Kagan, E

1999-08-01

187

Magnetic field switchable dry adhesives.  

PubMed

A magnetic field controllable dry adhesive device is manufactured. The normal adhesion force can be increased or decreased depending on the presence of an applied magnetic field. If the magnetic field is present during the entire normal adhesion test cycle which includes both applying a preloading force and measuring the pulloff pressure, a decrease in adhesion is observed when compared to when there is no applied magnetic field. Similarly, if the magnetic field is present only during the preload portion of the normal adhesion test cycle, a decrease in adhesion is observed because of an increased stiffness of the magnetically controlled dry adhesive device. When the applied magnetic field is present during only the pulloff portion of the normal adhesion test cycle, either an increase or a decrease in normal adhesion is observed depending on the direction of the applied magnetic field. PMID:25588470

Krahn, Jeffrey; Bovero, Enrico; Menon, Carlo

2015-02-01

188

Dietary patterns are associated with biochemical markers of inflammation and endothelial activation in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)2  

PubMed Central

Background Dietary patterns may influence cardiovascular disease risk through effects on inflammation and endothelial activation. Objective We examined relations between dietary patterns and markers of inflammation and endothelial activation. Design At baseline, diet (food-frequency questionnaire) and concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), homocysteine, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and soluble E selectin were assessed in 5089 nondiabetic participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Results Four dietary patterns were derived by using factor analysis. The fats and processed meats pattern (fats, oils, processed meats, fried potatoes, salty snacks, and desserts) was positively associated with CRP (P for trend < 0.001), IL-6 (P for trend < 0.001), and homocysteine (P for trend = 0.002). The beans, tomatoes, and refined grains pattern (beans, tomatoes, refined grains, and high-fat dairy products) was positively related to sICAM-1 (P for trend = 0.007). In contrast, the whole grains and fruit pattern (whole grains, fruit, nuts, and green leafy vegetables) was inversely associated with CRP, IL-6, homocysteine (P for trend ? 0.001), and sICAM-1 (P for trend = 0.034), and the vegetables and fish pattern (fish and dark-yellow, cruciferous, and other vegetables) was inversely related to IL-6 (P for trend = 0.009). CRP, IL-6, and homocysteine relations across the fats and processed meats and whole grains and fruit patterns were independent of demographics and lifestyle factors and were not modified by race-ethnicity. CRP and homocysteine relations were independent of waist circumference. Conclusions These results corroborate previous findings that empirically derived dietary patterns are associated with inflammation and show that these relations in an ethnically diverse population with unique dietary habits are similar to findings in more homogeneous populations. PMID:16762949

Nettleton, Jennifer A; Steffen, Lyn M; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J; Jenny, Nancy S; Jiang, Rui; Herrington, David M; Jacobs, David R

2010-01-01

189

Complement activation and kidney injury molecule-1-associated proximal tubule injury in severe preeclampsia.  

PubMed

Kidney injury with proteinuria is a characteristic feature of preeclampsia, yet the nature of injury in specific regions of the nephron is incompletely understood. Our study aimed to use existing urinary biomarkers to describe the pattern of kidney injury and proteinuria in pregnancies affected by severe preeclampsia. We performed a case-control study of pregnant women from Brigham and Women's Hospital from 2012 to 2013. We matched cases of severe preeclampsia (n=25) 1:1 by parity and gestational age to 2 control groups with and without chronic hypertension. Urinary levels of kidney injury molecule-1 and complement components (C3a, C5a, and C5b-9) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and other markers (albumin, ?2 microglobulin, cystatin C, epithelial growth factor, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, osteopontin, and uromodulin) were measured simultaneously with a multiplex electrochemiluminescence assay. Median values between groups were compared with the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and correlations with Spearman correlation coefficient. Analysis of urinary markers revealed higher excretion of albumin and kidney injury molecule-1 and lower excretion of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and epithelial growth factor in severe preeclampsia compared with chronic hypertension and healthy controls. Among subjects with severe preeclampsia, urinary excretion of complement activation products correlated most closely with kidney injury molecule-1, a specific marker of proximal tubule injury (C5a: r=0.60; P=0.001; and C5b-9: r=0.75; P<0.0001). Taken together, we describe a pattern of kidney injury in severe preeclampsia that is characterized by glomerular impairment and complement-mediated inflammation and injury, possibly localized to the proximal tubule in association with kidney injury molecule-1. PMID:24958504

Burwick, Richard M; Easter, Sarah Rae; Dawood, Hassan Y; Yamamoto, Hidemi S; Fichorova, Raina N; Feinberg, Bruce B

2014-10-01

190

Regulation of Cell Adhesion Strength by Peripheral Focal Adhesion Distribution  

PubMed Central

Cell adhesion to extracellular matrices is a tightly regulated process that involves the complex interplay between biochemical and mechanical events at the cell-adhesive interface. Previous work established the spatiotemporal contributions of adhesive components to adhesion strength and identified a nonlinear dependence on cell spreading. This study was designed to investigate the regulation of cell-adhesion strength by the size and position of focal adhesions (FA). The cell-adhesive interface was engineered to direct FA assembly to the periphery of the cell-spreading area to delineate the cell-adhesive area from the cell-spreading area. It was observed that redistributing the same adhesive area over a larger cell-spreading area significantly enhanced cell-adhesion strength, but only up to a threshold area. Moreover, the size of the peripheral FAs, which was interpreted as an adhesive patch, did not directly govern the adhesion strength. Interestingly, this is in contrast to the previously reported functional role of FAs in regulating cellular traction where sizes of the peripheral FAs play a critical role. These findings demonstrate, to our knowledge for the first time, that two spatial regimes in cell-spreading area exist that uniquely govern the structure-function role of FAs in regulating cell-adhesion strength. PMID:22208188

Elineni, Kranthi Kumar; Gallant, Nathan D.

2011-01-01

191

Flexibilized copolyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two copolyimides, LARC-STPI and STPI-LARC-2, with flexible backbones were processed and characterized as adhesives. The processability and adhesive properties were compared to those of a commercially available form of LARC-TPI. Lap shear specimens were fabricated using adhesive tape prepared from each of the three polymers. Lap shear tests were performed at room temperature, 177 C, and 204 C before and after exposure to water-boil and to thermal aging at 204 C for up to 1000 hours. The three adhesive systems possess exceptional lap shear strengths at room temperature and elevated temperatures both before and after thermal exposure. LARC-STPI, because of its high glass transition temperature provided high lap shear strengths up to 260 C. After water-boil, LARC-TPI exhibited the highest lap shear strengths at room temperature and 177 C, whereas the LARC-STPI retained a higher percentage of its original strength when tested at 204 C. These flexible thermoplastic copolyimides show considerable potential as adhesives based on this study and because of the ease of preparation with low cost, commercially available materials.

Progar, Donald J.; St.clair, Terry L.

1988-01-01

192

Platelet Adhesion under Flow  

PubMed Central

Platelet adhesive mechanisms play a well-defined role in hemostasis and thrombosis, but evidence continues to emerge for a relevant contribution to other pathophysiological processes including inflammation, immune-mediated responses to microbial and viral pathogens, and cancer metastasis. Hemostasis and thrombosis are related aspects of the response to vascular injury, but the former protects from bleeding after trauma while the latter is a disease mechanism. In either situation, adhesive interactions mediated by specific membrane receptors support the initial attachment of single platelets to cellular and extracellular matrix constituents of the vessel wall and tissues. In the subsequent steps of thrombus growth and stabilization, adhesive interactions mediate platelet to platelet cohesion (aggregation) and anchoring to the fibrin clot. A key functional aspect of platelets is their ability to circulate in a quiescent state surveying the integrity of the inner vascular surface, coupled to a prompt reaction wherever alterations are detected. In many respects, therefore, platelet adhesion to vascular wall structures, to one another or to other blood cells are facets of the same fundamental biological process. The adaptation of platelet adhesive functions to the effects of blood flow is the main focus of this review. PMID:19191170

Ruggeri, Zaverio M.

2011-01-01

193

Adhesives for structural applications  

SciTech Connect

Adhesive bonding is accepted as a viable method of joining for structural applications in the aerospace industry and in many industrial assembly operations. However, in other industries, particularly automotive and civil engineering, adhesives are not used for structural applications, although there is much current interest and research in this direction. Part of the reason for this is related to processing requirements, but part is due to performance issues, in particular the long term durability of structural joints. Much progress has been made in recent years in the formulation of more robust adhesives and in the design of more reliable joints. As advances continue structural bonding will become a more widely used method of joining.

Hartshorn, S.R. [Adhesive Technologies Center/3M, St. Paul, MN (United States)

1994-12-31

194

Natural Underwater Adhesives  

PubMed Central

The general topic of this review is protein-based underwater adhesives produced by aquatic organisms. The focus is on mechanisms of interfacial adhesion to native surfaces and controlled underwater solidification of natural water-borne adhesives. Four genera that exemplify the broad range of function, general mechanistic features, and unique adaptations are discussed in detail: blue mussels, acorn barnacles, sandcastle worms, and freshwater caddisfly larva. Aquatic surfaces in nature are charged and in equilibrium with their environment, populated by an electrical double layer of ions as well as adsorbed natural polyelectrolytes and microbial biofilms. Surface adsorption of underwater bioadhesives likely occurs by exchange of surface bound ligands by amino acid sidechains, driven primarily by relative affinities and effective concentrations of polymeric functional groups. Most aquatic organisms exploit modified amino acid sidechains, in particular phosphorylated serines and hydroxylated tyrosines (dopa), with high-surface affinity that form coordinative surface complexes. After delivery to the surfaces as a fluid, permanent natural adhesives solidify to bear sustained loads. Mussel plaques are assembled in a manner superficially reminiscent of in vitro layer-by-layer strategies, with sequentially delivered layers associated through Fe(dopa)3 coordination bonds. The adhesives of sandcastle worms, caddisfly larva, and barnacles may be delivered in a form somewhat similar to in vitro complex coacervation. Marine adhesives are secreted, or excreted, into seawater that has a significantly higher pH and ionic strength than the internal environment. Empirical evidence suggests these environment triggers could provide minimalistic, fail-safe timing mechanisms to prevent premature solidification (insolubilization) of the glue within the secretory system, yet allow rapid solidification after secretion. Underwater bioadhesives are further strengthened by secondary covalent curing. PMID:21643511

Stewart, Russell J.; Ransom, Todd C.; Hlady, Vladimir

2011-01-01

195

Elastomer toughened polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A rubber-toughened addition-type polyimide composition is disclosed which has excellent high temperature bonding characteristics in the fully cured state, and improved peel strength and adhesive fracture resistance physical property characteristics. The process for making the improved adhesive involves preparing the rubber containing amic acid prepolymer by chemically reacting an amine-terminated elastomer and an aromatic diamine with an aromatic dianhydride with which a reactive chain stopper anhydride was mixed, and utilizing solvent or mixture of solvents for the reaction.

St.clair, A. K.; St.clair, T. L. (inventors)

1983-01-01

196

3-D foam adhesive deposition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bonding method, which reduces amount and weight of adhesive, is applicable to foam-filled honeycomb constructions. Novel features of process include temperature-viscosity control and removal of excess adhesive by transfer to cellophane film.

Lemons, C. R.; Salmassy, O. K.

1976-01-01

197

Adhesive for cryogenic temperature applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesive, which bonds a metal liner to a filament wound composite structure used for cryogenic pressure vessels, prevents the metal liner from buckling under depressurization. The adhesive consists of adducts of urethane and epoxy resins.

Doyle, H. M.

1969-01-01

198

Osteoblast adhesion on nanophase ceramics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Osteoblast adhesion on nanophase alumina (Al2O3) and titania (TiO2) was investigated in vitro. Osteoblast adhesion to nanophase alumina and titania in the absence of serum from Dulbecco’s modified Eagle medium (DMEM) was significantly (P<0.01) less than osteoblast adhesion to alumina and titania in the presence of serum. In the presence of 10% fetal bovine serum in DMEM osteoblast adhesion on

Thomas J Webster; Richard W Siegel; Rena Bizios

1999-01-01

199

Membrane adhesion and domain formation  

E-print Network

We review theoretical results for the adhesion-induced phase behavior of biomembranes. The focus is on models in which the membranes are represented as discretized elastic sheets with embedded adhesion molecules. We present several mechanism that lead to the formation of domains during adhesion, and discuss the time-dependent evolution of domain patterns obtained in Monte-Carlo simulations. The simulated pattern dynamics has striking similarities to the pattern evolution observed during T cell adhesion.

Thomas R. Weikl; Reinhard Lipowsky

2007-09-23

200

Thioredoxin1 Downregulates Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein-Induced Adhesion Molecule Expression via Smad3 Protein  

PubMed Central

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammation disease that is initiated by endothelial cell injury. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is directly associated with chronic vascular inflammation. To understand whether thioredoxin1 (Trx1) participates in an antiinflammatory defense mechanism in atherosclerosis, we investigated the effect of Trx1 on the expression of two adhesion molecules, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Thioredoxin1 and dominant-negative mutant thioredoxin1 (TD) were transiently overexpressed using adenovirus vector gene transfer. Our data showed that Trx1 overexpression suppressed ox-LDL-induced adhesion molecule expression in HUVECs. The overexpression of Trx1 promoted ox-LDL-induced Smad3 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation. A co-immunoprecipitation assay indicated that Smad3 continued to interact with Trx1 with or without ox-LDL stimulation. These results suggest that Trx1 inherently suppresses VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression in vascular endothelia and may prevent the initiation of atherosclerosis by attenuating adhesion molecule expression. The enhancement of Smad3 phosphorylation and nuclear expression appears to be primarily responsible for the Trx1-induced downregulation of adhesion molecules. PMID:24086714

Chen, Beidong; Wang, Wendong; Shen, Tao; Qi, Ruomei

2013-01-01

201

Rapid adhesive bonding concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesive bonding in the aerospace industry typically utilizes autoclaves or presses which have considerable thermal mass. As a consequence, the rates of heatup and cooldown of the bonded parts are limited and the total time and cost of the bonding process is often relatively high. Many of the adhesives themselves do not inherently require long processing times. Bonding could be performed rapidly if the heat was concentrated in the bond lines or at least in the adherends. Rapid adhesive bonding concepts were developed to utilize induction heating techniques to provide heat directly to the bond line and/or adherends without heating the entire structure, supports, and fixtures of a bonding assembly. Bonding times for specimens are cut by a factor of 10 to 100 compared to standard press bonding. The development of rapid adhesive bonding for lap shear specimens (per ASTM D1003 and D3163), for aerospace panel bonding, and for field repair needs of metallic and advanced fiber reinforced polymeric matrix composite structures are reviewed.

Stein, B. A.; Tyeryar, J. R.; Hodges, W. T.

1984-01-01

202

Wood Composite Adhesives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The global environment, in which phenolic resins are being used for wood composite manufacture, has changed significantly during the last decade. This chapter reviews trends that are driving the use and consumption of phenolic resins around the world. The review begins with recent data on volume usage and regional trends, followed by an analysis of factors affecting global markets. In a section on environmental factors, the impact of recent formaldehyde emission regulations is discussed. The section on economics introduces wood composite production as it relates to the available adhesive systems, with special emphasis on the technical requirement to improve phenolic reactivity. Advances in composite process technology are introduced, especially in regard to the increased demands the improvements place upon adhesive system performance. The specific requirements for the various wood composite families are considered in the context of adhesive performance needs. The results of research into current chemistries are discussed, with a review of recent findings regarding the mechanisms of phenolic condensation and acceleration. Also, the work regarding alternate natural materials, such as carbohydrates, lignins, tannins, and proteinaceous materials, is presented. Finally, new developments in alternative adhesive technologies are reported.

Gomez-Bueso, Jose; Haupt, Robert

203

The Adhesion of Barnacles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adhesives for permanent attachment of barnacles are secreted at two stages in the life history. The settlement stage larva exudes a quantity of cement (cyprid cement) from the paired cement glands onto the substratum and this envelops the attachment organs. The permanently attached larva then metamorphoses to the juvenile and after a short growth interval, during which the juvenile is

Graham Walker

1981-01-01

204

Adhesion of microcapsules  

E-print Network

The adhesion of microcapsules to an attractive contact potential is studied theoretically. The axisymmetric shape equations are solved numerically. Beyond a universal threshold strength of the potential, the contact radius increases like a square root of the strength. Scaling functions for the corresponding amplitudes are derived as a function of the elastic parameters.

Peter Graf; Reimar Finken; Udo Seifert

2006-06-14

205

Ceramic Adhesive for High Temperatures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fused-silica/magnesium-phosphate adhesive resists high temperatures and vibrations. New adhesive unaffected by extreme temperatures and vibrations. Assuring direct bonding of gap filters to tile sidewalls, adhesive obviates expensive and time-consuming task of removal, treatment, and replacement of tiles.

Stevens, Everett G.

1987-01-01

206

Screen Printing Adhesive - Capability Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of screen printing for surface mount glue applications is a long established and proven production process. Conventionally SMT adhesives or epoxy are deposited by either dispensing, pin transfer or printing (1). The objective of this work is to evaluate the print performance of several commercially available adhesives with an adhesive squeegee versus an enclosed print head system. A

Lee Hong Kim; Rick Ong

207

Rapid Adhesive Bonding of Composites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Strong bonds created in less time and with less power than use of conventional bonding methods. Rapid adhesive bonding (RAB) technique for composites uses high-frequency induction heating toroids to quickly heat metallic susceptor impregnated with thermoplastic adhesive or sandwiched between thermoset or thermoplastic adhesive cloths or films. Susceptor steel screen or perforated steel foil.

Stein, B. A.; Tyeryar, J. R.; Fox, R. L.; Sterling, S. Elmo, Jr.; Buckley, J. D.; Inge, Spencer V., Jr.; Burcher, L. G.; Wright, Robert E., Jr.

1986-01-01

208

High-Mobility Group Box-1 Induces Decreased Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor-Mediated Neuroprotection in the Diabetic Retina  

PubMed Central

To test the hypothesis that brain-derived neurotrophic factor-(BDNF-) mediated neuroprotection is reduced by high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in diabetic retina, paired vitreous and serum samples from 46 proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 34 nondiabetic patients were assayed for BDNF, HMGB1, soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and TBARS. We also examined retinas of diabetic and HMGB1 intravitreally injected rats. The effect of the HMGB1 inhibitor glycyrrhizin on diabetes-induced changes in retinal BDNF expressions was studied. Western blot, ELISA, and TBARS assays were used. BDNF was not detected in vitreous samples. BDNF levels were significantly lower in serum samples from diabetic patients compared with nondiabetics, whereas HMGB1, sRAGE, sICAM-1, and TBARS levels were significantly higher in diabetic serum samples. MCP-1 levels did not differ significantly. There was significant inverse correlation between serum levels of BDNF and HMGB1. Diabetes and intravitreal administration of HMGB1 induced significant upregulation of the expression of HMGB1, TBARS, and cleaved caspase-3, whereas the expression of BDNF and synaptophysin was significantly downregulated in rat retinas. Glycyrrhizin significantly attenuated diabetes-induced downregulation of BDNF. Our results suggest that HMGB1-induced downregulation of BDNF might be involved in pathogenesis of diabetic retinal neurodegeneration. PMID:23766563

Nawaz, Mohd Imtiaz; Siddiquei, Mohammad Mairaj; Al-Kharashi, Abdullah S.; Kangave, Dustan; Mohammad, Ghulam

2013-01-01

209

The relationship between serum adiponectin and inflammatory cytokines in obese Korean juveniles  

PubMed Central

Purpose Obesity is related to systemic inflammatory processes causing cardiovascular complications. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), CD40 ligand (CD40L), P-selectin are newly described mediators of inflammation and have a significant effect in atherosclerosis. Adiponectin has shown anti-inflammatory effects in adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between adiponectin and inflammatory mediators in children and adolescents. Methods Fifty children or adolescents, twenty two with a body mass index (BMI) over 95th percentile, and twenty eight with a BMI below 75th percentile were included in the study. Serum soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1), P-selectin, CD40L, lipid profiles, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, glucose and insulin were measured to evaluate associations with adiponectin. Comparison of these variables was performed between the obese and the nonobese group. Results We found a adiponectin to be significant lower and sICAM-1 significant higher in the obese group compared to the nonobese group, but there were no significant differences in P-selectin and soluble CD40L. Adiponectin was negatively associated with ICAM-1 and P-selectin in the obese group. Conclusion Negative associations of adiponectin with ICAM-1 and P-selectin in obese children and adolescents suggest that serum adiponectin level may represent the inflammatory status. PMID:25653687

Byun, Sung Hwan; Kwon, Eun Byul

2014-01-01

210

Markers of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation predict progression of diabetic nephropathy in African Americans with type 1 diabetes.  

PubMed

African Americans with early-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus are at a high risk for severe diabetic nephropathy and end-stage renal disease. In order to determine whether baseline plasma levels of inflammatory markers predict incidence of overt proteinuria or renal failure in African Americans with type 1 diabetes mellitus, we re-examined data of 356 participants in our observational follow-up study of 725 New Jersey African Americans with type 1 diabetes. At baseline and 6-year follow-up, a detailed structured clinical interview was conducted to document medical history including kidney dialysis or transplant, other diabetic complications, and renal-specific mortality. Plasma levels of 28 inflammatory biomarkers were measured using a multiplex bead analysis system. After adjusting for baseline age, glycohemoglobin, and other confounders, the baseline plasma levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) in the upper two quartiles were, respectively, associated with a three- to fivefold increase in the risk of progression from no albuminuria or microalbuminuria to overt proteinuria. Baseline plasma levels of the chemokine eotaxin in the upper quartile were significantly associated with a sevenfold increase in risk of incident renal failure. These associations were independent of traditional risk factors for progression of diabetic nephropathy. Thus, in type 1 diabetic African Americans, sICAM-1 predicted progression to overt proteinuria and eotaxin-predicted progression to renal failure. PMID:24918153

Roy, Monique S; Janal, Malvin N; Crosby, Juan; Donnelly, Robert

2015-02-01

211

Association between Endothelial Biomarkers and Arterial Elasticity in Young Adults – The CARDIA Study  

PubMed Central

Background Reduced arterial elasticity and endothelial dysfunction both may indicate early cardiovascular (CV) disease in young adults. Pulse waveform analysis estimates large (LAE) and small (SAE) artery elasticity noninvasively. We assessed the associations between LAE and SAE and markers of endothelial dysfunction and CV risk factors. Methods The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) assessed arterial elasticity and other characteristics cross-sectionally in 389 men and 381 women aged 27–42 years in 1995 (CARDIA year 10) and circulating levels of P-selectin and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) in 2000. We adjusted for variables included in the estimation of arterial elasticity (year 10 height, body mass index, age, heart rate, and blood pressure) and other year 10 characteristics. Results Mean adjusted SAE was 8.5 vs. 7.6 ml/mmHg ×100 in those with urine albumin/creatinine ratio ?4 vs. microalbuminuria (ratio > 25; ptrend =0.008). Mean LAE was 25.6 vs. 24.2 ml/mmHg ×10 in the lowest vs. highest quintile of P-selectin (ptrend =0.004). sICAM-1 was unrelated to either LAE or SAE. Plasma triglycerides were inversely related to LAE (ptrend =0.029). Cigarette smokers had lower SAE than nonsmokers (ptrend = 0.009). Conclusion In addition to smoking and triglycerides, biomarkers for endothelial dysfunction were associated with impaired LAE and SAE in young adults. PMID:19343081

Valappil, Narayanan I.; Jacobs, David R.; Duprez, Daniel A.; Gross, Myron D.; Arnett, Donna K.; Glasser, Stephen

2008-01-01

212

Coating Reduces Ice Adhesion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Ice Liberation Coating (SILC) has been developed to reduce the adhesion of ice to surfaces on the space shuttle. SILC, when coated on a surface (foam, metal, epoxy primer, polymer surfaces), will reduce the adhesion of ice by as much as 90 percent as compared to the corresponding uncoated surface. This innovation is a durable coating that can withstand several cycles of ice growth and removal without loss of anti-adhesion properties. SILC is made of a binder composed of varying weight percents of siloxane(s), ethyl alcohol, ethyl sulfate, isopropyl alcohol, and of fine-particle polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). The combination of these components produces a coating with significantly improved weathering characteristics over the siloxane system alone. In some cases, the coating will delay ice formation and can reduce the amount of ice formed. SILC is not an ice prevention coating, but the very high water contact angle (greater than 140 ) causes water to readily run off the surface. This coating was designed for use at temperatures near -170 F (-112 C). Ice adhesion tests performed at temperatures from -170 to 20 F (-112 to -7 C) show that SILC is a very effective ice release coating. SILC can be left as applied (opaque) or buffed off until the surface appears clear. Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) data show that the coating is still present after buffing to transparency. This means SILC can be used to prevent ice adhesion even when coating windows or other objects, or items that require transmission of optical light. Car windshields are kept cleaner and SILC effectively mitigates rain and snow under driving conditions.

Smith, Trent; Prince, Michael; DwWeese, Charles; Curtis, Leslie

2008-01-01

213

Adhesion Mechanics of Graphene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graphene, being an atomically thin two dimensional crystalline material with a very low mass and high elastic strength, has great potential in next generation nano-mechanical devices. Additionally, it has attractive electronic, thermal and optical properties. In spite of possessing a high Young's modulus, graphene is highly bendable and ultra-floppy due to its atomic thickness. At the nano-scale the surface forces are very strong and being very flexible makes graphene membranes interact and adhere strongly to materials and structures in its vicinity. The effect of these interactions needs to be understood at different length scales---micro, nano and atomistic level to be able to design efficient and reliable graphene based nano-devices like electromechanical switches and resonators. Through this work, in the first step, we measure the strength of the adhesion of graphene membranes to a substrate using modified blister tests with the help of a detailed model accounting for the non-linear mechanics of graphene and the thermodynamics of the blister test. We also demonstrate, along the way, graphene nano-mechanical devices that can switch shapes depending on the applied pressure, adhesion strength, geometry etc. In the second step, an attempt is made to characterize the surface forces through a novel experimental setup involving pull-in of graphene membranes. The experimental observations are satisfactorily explained with the help of an analytical model. Finally, we investigate the atomistic mechanisms of adhesion and de-adhesion of graphene membranes. We used molecular mechanics simulations to investigate the effect of topography on graphene adhesion energy. The analytical model we developed captures the basic physics involved in these simulations quite well. We also study, using the same methodology, the peeling of graphene membranes on 1D sinusoidal corrugated substrates. The results reveal that the peel mechanics involves periodic instabilities due to the corrugated nature of the substrate and sliding of the graphene atoms on the substrate.

Boddeti, Narasimha

214

Biological adhesives and fastening devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sea creatures are a leading source to some of the more interesting discoveries in adhesives. Because sea water naturally breaks down even the strongest conventional adhesive, an alternative is important that could be used in repairing or fabricating anything that might have regular contact with moisture such as: Repairing broken and shattered bones, developing a surgical adhesive, use in the dental work, repairing and building ships, and manufacturing plywood. Some of nature's prototypes include the common mussel, limpet, some bacteria and abalone. As we learn more about these adhesives we are also developing non adhesive fasteners, such as mimicked after studying the octopus, burdock burrs (i.e. Velcro®) and the gecko.

Wolpert, H. D.

2012-04-01

215

New developments in dental adhesion.  

PubMed

Numerous simplified adhesives have been introduced to the dental market within the last few years, sometimes without comprehensive testing to validate the performance claimed by the respective manufacturers. Mild self-etch adhesives are unable to etch enamel to provide adequate retention for bonded restorations. Although high early resin-dentin bond strength values can be achieved with some self-etch adhesives, their resistance to thermal and mechanical stresses over time is disappointing. In light of the current drawbacks attributed to all-in-one self-etch adhesives, etch-and-rinse adhesives are still the benchmark for dental adhesion in routine clinical use. This article summarizes current issues and factors related to the performance of adhesives. PMID:17532916

Perdigão, Jorge

2007-04-01

216

Ceramic microstructure and adhesion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When a ceramic is brought into contact with a ceramic, a polymer, or a metal, strong bond forces can develop between the materials. The bonding forces will depend upon the state of the surfaces, cleanliness and the fundamental properties of the two solids, both surface and bulk. Adhesion between a ceramic and another solid are discussed from a theoretical consideration of the nature of the surfaces and experimentally by relating bond forces to interface resulting from solid state contact. Surface properties of ceramics correlated with adhesion include, orientation, reconstruction and diffusion as well as the chemistry of the surface specie. Where a ceramic is in contact with a metal their interactive chemistry and bond strength is considered. Bulk properties examined include elastic and plastic behavior in the surficial regions, cohesive binding energies, crystal structures and crystallographic orientation. Materials examined with respect to interfacial adhesive interactions include silicon carbide, nickel zinc ferrite, manganese zinc ferrite, and aluminum oxide. The surfaces of the contacting solids are studied both in the atomic or molecularly clean state and in the presence of selected surface contaminants.

Buckley, D. H.

1984-01-01

217

Prevention of postoperative peritoneal adhesions.  

PubMed

Adhesions are bands of tissue that connect organs together. It is frequently reported after surgery and remains a major problem for health and society. Efforts to prevent or reduce peritoneal adhesions mostly have been unsuccessful, hindered by their empirical basis, lack of good predictive animal models and complexity of adhesion pathogenesis. Although a good surgical technique is a crucial part of adhesion prevention, the technique alone cannot effectively eliminate the adhesions. Thus, there remains a room for further research. A comprehensive literature review of published experimental and clinical studies of adhesion prevention was carried out at the University of Bristol electronic library (MetaLib) with cross-search of seven different medical databases (AMED-Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, BIOSIS Previews on Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Library, Embase and Medline on Web of Knowledge, OvidSP and PubMed) by using key words (peritoneal adhesions, postoperative adhesions, prevention) to explore the progress in different surgical strategies and adjuvant materials used to prevent adhesions formation and reformation. By the end of the study, recommendations formulated for surgeons to be followed during the operations to prevent, as much as possible, the postoperative adhesions. PMID:20382467

Kamel, Remah M

2010-06-01

218

Investigations into Planetary Dust Adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adhesion is the force of attraction between a dust particle and a surface. The magnitude of dust adhesion is an important factor that affects the functioning of spacecraft and equipment during the planetary surface exploration. An improved understanding of the mechanisms that govern dust adhesion will allow for the development of dust mitigation strategies. Experimental and theoretical investigations are underway to better determine the effect of different planetary environments on dust adhesion. The mechanisms of dust adhesion include covalent bonding, hydrogen bonding, cementation, ice bridges, capillary forces, van der Waals forces, and electrostatic forces. All forces that contribute to dust adhesion are functions of the distance between a dust particle and a surface. When the energy of gas adsorption is greater than the adhesion energy, a dust particle will be separated from a surface by a layer of adsorbed gas. The thickness of adsorbed gas controls the spacing between the dust particle and the surface. Adsorbed gas thickness is a function of the ambient environmental conditions. Thus, planetary environment affects adhesion. Past experiments on powdered minerals in different environments have shown that adhesion is significantly affected by temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure. In Earth's environment, dust adhesion is most affected by capillary forces and humidity. In the lunar environment, ultrahigh vacuum produces strong adhesion. In Martian and cometary environments, ice condensation may control adhesion. A theoretical model is being developed by the investigators. The model is based on van der Waals and electrostatic forces acting across adsorbed gas. The model accounts for ice condensation and capillary tension and can be employed to explain the effects of environmental conditions on dust adhesion. Laboratory experiments are being conducted and results are being compared with the model.

Perko, H. A.; Green, J. R.; Nelson, J. D.

2001-12-01

219

Curcumin attenuates adhesion molecules and matrix metalloproteinase expression in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.  

PubMed

Curcumin, the yellow substance found in turmeric, possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammation, anticancer, and lipid-lowering properties. Because we hypothesized that curcumin could ameliorate the development of atherosclerosis, the present study focused on the effects and potential mechanisms of curcumin consumption on high-cholesterol diet-induced atherosclerosis in rabbits. During our study, New Zealand white rabbits were fed 1 of 3 experimental diets: a normal diet, a normal diet enriched with 1% cholesterol (HCD), or an HCD supplemented with 0.2% curcumin. At the end of 8 weeks, blood samples were collected to determine the levels of serum lipids, cytokines, and soluble adhesion molecule levels. Gene expression of adhesion molecules and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in aortas were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Compared with the HCD group, rabbits fed an HCD supplemented with 0.2% curcumin had significantly less aortic lesion areas and neointima thickening. Curcumin reduced the levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and oxidized low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in serum by 30.7%, 41.3%, 30.4%, and 66.9% (all P < .05), respectively, but did not affect high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. In addition, curcumin attenuated HCD-induced CD36 expression, circulating inflammatory cytokines, and soluble adhesive molecule levels. Curcumin reduced the mRNA and protein expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, P-selectin, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and it inhibited HCD-induced up-regulation of MMP-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9. Our results demonstrate that curcumin exerts an antiatherosclerotic effect, which is mediated by multiple mechanisms that include lowering serum lipids and oxidized low-density lipoprotein, thus modulating the proinflammatory cytokine levels and altering adhesion molecules and MMP gene expression. PMID:25282128

Um, Min Young; Hwang, Kwang Hyun; Choi, Won Hee; Ahn, Jiyun; Jung, Chang Hwa; Ha, Tae Youl

2014-10-01

220

Impairment of selectin-mediated leukocyte adhesion to venular endothelium in spontaneously hypertensive rats.  

PubMed Central

The present study was designed to elucidate whether molecular mechanisms for leukocyte adhesion to microvascular endothelium may differ between spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar Kyoto rats. Leukocyte rolling and adhesion were investigated while monitoring venular wall shear rates in the mesenteric microcirculation stimulated with histamine or tert-butyl hydroperoxide in the two strains. In Wistar Kyoto rats, 10 microM histamine as well as 500 microM tertbutyl hydroperoxide promoted a significant reduction of venular leukocyte rolling velocity and subsequent adhesion. These changes in leukocyte behavior were blocked by monoclonal antibodies against P-selectin (PB 1.3) and against sialyl Lewis X-like carbohydrates (2H5). However, spontaneously hypertensive rats exhibited a blunted response of the stimulus-elicited leukocyte rolling, which was associated with impairment of venular P-selectin expression as well as a decrease in the expression of sialyl Lewis X-like carbohydrates on circulating neutrophils. No significant differences were detected between the two strains not only in the surface CD11b/CD18 expression but also in the CD18-mediated adhesivity of neutrophils to intracellular adhesion molecule-1 transfectants in vitro. These results suggest that impairment of selectin-mediated leukocyte adhesion is an event responsible for disorders of inflammatory responses in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Images PMID:7560094

Suematsu, M; Suzuki, H; Tamatani, T; Iigou, Y; DeLano, F A; Miyasaka, M; Forrest, M J; Kannagi, R; Zweifach, B W; Ishimura, Y

1995-01-01

221

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2012-01-01

222

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2014-01-01

223

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2013-01-01

224

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2011-01-01

225

16 CFR 1500.133 - Extremely flammable contact adhesives; labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. 1500...flammable contact adhesives; labeling. ...flammable contact adhesives, also known as contact bonding cements, when...one-half pint of contact adhesive and similar...

2010-01-01

226

Analysis and testing of adhesive bonds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An adhesive fracture mechanics approach is described with reference to the identification and design of the best tests for evaluating a given adhesive, the definition of the most meaningful fundamental parameters by which adhesives might be characterized, and the application of these parameters to the design of joints and to the prediction of their performance. Topics include standard adhesive test techniques, the theory of adhesive fracture, and adhesive fracture energy tests. Analytical methods and computer techniques for adhesive bonding, chemical and physical aspects of adhesive fracture, and specific applications and aspects of adhesive fracture mechanics are discussed.

Anderson, G. P.; Bennett, S. J.; Devries, K. L.

1977-01-01

227

Adhesion properties of gecko setae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Millions of keratin hairs on gecko feet, called setae, act as a spectacular dry adhesive. Each seta branches into hundreds of smaller fibers that terminate in spatula-shaped ends. Morphological differences between the setae from different gecko species are suspected to affect both single-seta and whole-animal adhesion properties. Single-seta adhesive force measurements made using a MEMS piezoresistive cantilever capable of two-axis measurements are presented.

Hill, Ginel; Peattie, Anne; Daniels, Roxanne; Full, Robert; Kenny, Thomas

2005-03-01

228

Biomarkers and neurodevelopment in perinatally HIV-infected or exposed youth: a structural equation model analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the relationship between markers of vascular dysfunction and neurodevelopmental outcomes in perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) and perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHEU) youth. Design Cross-sectional design within a prospective, 15-site US-based cohort study. Methods Neurodevelopmental outcomes were evaluated in relation to nine selected vascular biomarkers in 342 youth (212 PHIV+, 130 PHEU). Serum levels were assessed for adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), E-selectin (sE-selectin), monocyte chemoattractant protein (sMCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and P-selectin (sP-selectin). The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) was administered at entry, yielding a Full-Scale IQ score, and four index scores. Factor analysis was conducted to reduce the biomarkers to fewer factors with related biological roles. Structural equation models (SEMs) were used to measure associations between resulting factors and WISC-IV scores. Results Mean participant age was 11.4 years, 54% were female, 70% black. The nine biomarkers were clustered into three factor groups: F1 (fibrinogen, CRP, and IL-6); F2 (sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1); and F3 (MCP-1, sP-selectin, and sE-selectin). Adiponectin showed little correlation with any factor. SEMs revealed significant negative association of F1 with WISC-IV processing speed score in the total cohort. This effect remained significant after adjusting for HIV status and other potential confounders. A similar association was observed when restricted to PHIV+ participants in both unadjusted and adjusted SEMs. Conclusion Aggregate measures of fibrinogen, CRP, and IL-6 may serve as a latent biomarker associated with relatively decreased processing speed in both PHIV+ and PHEU youth. PMID:24670521

Kapetanovic, Suad; Griner, Ray; Zeldow, Bret; Nichols, Sharon; Leister, Erin; Gelbard, Harris A.; Miller, Tracie L.; Hazra, Rohan; Mendez, Armando J.; Malee, Kathleen; Kammerer, Betsy; Williams, Paige L.

2014-01-01

229

Early Vascular Alterations in SLE and RA Patients—A Step towards Understanding the Associated Cardiovascular Risk  

PubMed Central

Accelerated atherosclerosis represents a major problem in both systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and endothelial damage is a key feature of atherogenesis. We aimed to assess early endothelial changes in SLE and RA female patients (127 SLE and 107 RA) without previous CV events. Biomarkers of endothelial cell activation (intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), thrombomodulin (TM), and tissue factor (TF)) were measured and endothelial function was assessed using peripheral artery tonometry. Reactive hyperemia index (RHI), an indicator of microvascular reactivity, and augmentation index (AIx), a measure of arterial stiffness, were obtained. In addition, traditional CV risk factors, disease activity and medication were determined. Women with SLE displayed higher sICAM-1 and TM and lower TF levels than women with RA (p?=?0.001, p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). These differences remained significant after controlling for CV risk factors and medication. Serum levels of vascular biomarkers were increased in active disease and a moderate correlation was observed between sVCAM-1 levels and lupus disease activity (rho?=?0.246) and between TF levels and RA disease activity (rho?=?0.301). Although RHI was similar across the groups, AIx was higher in lupus as compared to RA (p?=?0.04). Also in active SLE, a trend towards poorer vasodilation was observed (p?=?0.06). In conclusion, women with SLE and RA present with distinct patterns of endothelial cell activation biomarkers not explained by differences in traditional CV risk factors. Early vascular alterations are more pronounced in SLE which is in line with the higher CV risk of these patients. PMID:22962622

Santos, Maria José; Carmona-Fernandes, Diana; Canhão, Helena; Canas da Silva, José; Fonseca, João Eurico; Gil, Victor

2012-01-01

230

All-trans-retinoic acid induces integrin-independent B-cell adhesion to ADAM disintegrin domains.  

PubMed

Cell adhesion is an integral aspect of immunity facilitating extravasation of immune cells during homing and activation. All -trans-Retinoic acid ( t-RA) regulates leukocyte differentiation, proliferation, and transmigration. However, the role of t-RA in immune cell adhesion is poorly defined. In this study, we evaluated the impact of t-RA and its metabolism on B and T cell adhesion. Specifically, we address the impact of t-RA on the adhesive properties of the human mature B and T cell lines RPMI 8866, Daudi and Jurkats. The effect of t-RA exposure on cell adhesion to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), a well-established integrin counter receptor involved in immunity, and to nonconventional ADAM integrin ligands was assessed. We show for the first time that t-RA potently induces B cell adhesion in an integrin-independent manner to both VCAM-1 and select ADAM disintegrin domains. Using retinoid extraction and reverse-phase HPLC analysis, we identify the retinoid that is functionally responsible for this augmented adhesion. We also provide evidence that this novel t-RA adhesive response is not prototypical of lymphocytes since both Daudi and Jurkats do not alter their adhesive properties upon t-RA treatment. Further, the t-RA metabolic profiles between these lineages is distinct with 9- cis-retinoic acid being exclusively detected in Jurkat media. This study is the first to demonstrate that t-RA directly induces B cell adhesion in an integrin-independent manner and is not contingent upon t-RA metabolism. PMID:18355041

Bridges, Lance C; Lingo, Joshuah D; Grandon, Rachel A; Kelley, Melissa D

2008-04-15

231

3D Integration Using Adhesive, Metal, and Metal/Adhesive as Wafer Bonding Interfaces.  

E-print Network

3D Integration Using Adhesive, Metal, and Metal/Adhesive as Wafer Bonding Interfaces. Journal: 2008 Integration Using Adhesive, Metal, and Metal/Adhesive as Wafer Bonding Interfaces Jian-Qiang Lu1 , J. Jay Mc approaches to 3D integration using adhesive, metal, and metal/adhesive as the bonding interfaces

Salama, Khaled

232

Downregulation of Carcinoembryonic Antigen-Related Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Correlation with Tumor Progression and Poor Prognosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To identify genes associated with therapeutic targets of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), we compared gene expression profiles in OSCC-derived cell lines with human normal oral keratinocytes. Methods: We analyzed the gene expression profiles of OSCCs using Affymetrix GeneChip analysis. The identified genes were analyzed by an Ingenuity Pathway Analysis tool to identify networks of interacting genes. A candidate

Keiji Shinozuka; Katsuhiro Uzawa; Kazuaki Fushimi; Yukio Yamano; Masashi Shiiba; Hiroki Bukawa; Hidetaka Yokoe; Hideki Tanzawa

2009-01-01

233

Leu125Val polymorphism of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 is associated with atherosclerotic cerebral infarction in Chinese Han population  

PubMed Central

A total of 142 Atherosclerotic cerebral infarction (ACI) patients and 116 controls were enrolled in our study. The Leu125Val polymorphism of PECAM-1 was genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. The plasma sPECAM-1 level was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. We found a statistically significant difference in Leu125Val genotypic distribution between cases and controls (P < 0.05). The frequencies of the Val allele between ACI group and controls were significantly different (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the genotype Val/Val was associated with increased ACI risk (OR = 2.355, 95% CI = 1.153-4.809, P = 0.019). In both the ACI group and the control group, the plasma PECAM-1 levels of carriers of the Val/Val genotype were higher than those carrying Leu/Leu and Leu/Val genotypes. The plasma sPECAM-1 level is associated with ACI. Our study showed that Leu125Val polymorphism of PECAM-1 may be associated with ACI risk. Carrying the Val/Val genotype showed increased risk for ACI. The Leu125Val polymorphism of PECAM-1 may be associated with the plasma sPECAM-1 level, which is associated with Chinese ACI also. In conclusions, The Leu125Val polymorphism of the PECAM-1 gene is likely to be related to ACI, and the Val/Val genotype may be an independent risk factor for ACI. The plasma sPECAM-1 level may be associated with ACI risk.

Song, Yanmin; Zhao, Ranran; Long, Lili; Zhang, Ning; Liu, Yunhai

2014-01-01

234

Adequate Expression of Protective Immunity in the Absence of Granuloma Formation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-Infected Mice with a Disruption in the Intracellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Gene  

Microsoft Academic Search

It remains unknown whether the expression of cell-mediated protective immunity and the capacity to mount a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in tuberculosis infection represent two manifestations of a basic response or are dissociable events. In this study, we present data in favor of the latter hypothesis, by showing that tuberculosis infection in the lungs of mice possessing only a truncated

CHRISTINE M. JOHNSON; ANDREA M. COOPER; ANTHONY A. FRANK; IAN M. ORME

1998-01-01

235

Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 gene K469E polymorphism is associated with coronary heart disease risk: a meta-analysis involving 12 studies.  

PubMed

Coronary atherosclerosis is a leading cause of coronary heart disease (CHD). Atherosclerotic lesion is a complex polygenic disease in which gene-environment interactions play a critical role in disease onset and progression. The ICAM1 gene-E469K polymorphism has been reported to be associated with CHD, but results were conflicting. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the published studies were performed to gain a clearer understanding of this association. The PubMed, Embase, and CNKI databases were searched for case-control studies published up to August 2011. Data were extracted and pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Twelve eligible studies, comprising 2,157 cases and 1,952 controls, were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled result showed that the ICAM1 gene-E469K polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of CHD (OR = 1.496, 95% CI = 1.363-1.642, for the allele K vs. allele E; OR = 1.919, 95% CI = 11.635-2.253, for the K allele carriers vs. EE). Subgroup analysis supported the results in the Asian populations and in the Caucasian populations. This meta-analysis suggests that the ICAM1 gene K469E polymorphism is associated with CHD risk and the K allele is a more significant risk factor for developing CHD among Asian and Caucasians populations. PMID:22203486

Ji, Ya-Nan; Wang, Qin; Zhan, Ping

2012-05-01

236

Activation of Transcription Factor AP2 Mediates UVA Radiation and Singlet Oxygen-Induced Expression of the Human Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Gene  

Microsoft Academic Search

UVA radiation is the major component of the UV solar spectrum that reaches the earth, and the therapeutic application of UVA radiation is increasing in medicine. Analysis of the cellular effects of UVA radiation has revealed that exposure of human cells to UVA radiation at physiological doses leads to increased gene expression and that this UVA response is primarily mediated

Susanne Grether-Beck; Sylvia Olaizola-Horn; Heidi Schmitt; Markus Grewe; Andreas Jahnke; Judith P. Johnson; Karlis Briviba; Helmut Sies; Jean Krutmann

1996-01-01

237

Stretchable, adhesion-tunable dry adhesive by surface wrinkling.  

PubMed

We introduce a simple yet robust method of fabricating a stretchable, adhesion-tunable dry adhesive by combining replica molding and surface wrinkling. By utilizing a thin, wrinkled polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) sheet with a thickness of 1 mm with built-in micropillars, active, dynamic control of normal and shear adhesion was achieved. Relatively strong normal (approximately 10.8 N/cm(2)) and shear adhesion (approximately 14.7 N/cm(2)) forces could be obtained for a fully extended (strained) PDMS sheet (prestrain of approximately 3%), whereas the forces could be rapidly reduced to nearly zero once the prestrain was released (prestrain of approximately 0.5%). Moreover, durability tests demonstrated that the adhesion strength in both the normal and shear directions was maintained over more than 100 cycles of attachment and detachment. PMID:20088533

Jeong, Hoon Eui; Kwak, Moon Kyu; Suh, Kahp Y

2010-02-16

238

Adhesion of vesicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adhesion of a vesicle to another membrane or a substrate is a paradigmatic soft matter problem. A comprehensive solution requires both a theory of its macroscopic aspects (such as shape and effective contact angle) and an understanding of the mesoscopic thermal fluctuations of its bound part. Recent theoretical work combines these two aspects self-consistently. ( U. Seifert), Phys. Rev. Lett., 74, 5060-5063 (1995). The two essential ingredients are (i) a novel form of the steric interaction, which covers both the rigidity-dominated and the tension-dominated regimes and (ii) an analysis of the concept of effective tension that arises from global constraints. ( U. Seifert), Z.Phys., B 97, 299-309 (1995). As a result, one predicts (i) that the conditions under which vesicles undergo genuine tension-induced adhesion are very restrictive and (ii) that vesicles with significant excess area exhibit negative effective tension. Implications for the interpretation of a recent experiment footnote J.O. Rädler et al., Phys. Rev. E, 51, 4526-4536 (1995). will be discussed.

Seifert, Udo

1997-03-01

239

Collision of Adhesive Viscoelastic Particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collision of convex bodies is considered for small impact velocity, when plastic deformation and fragmentation may be disregarded. In this regime the contact is governed by forces according to viscoelastic deformation and by adhesion. The viscoelastic interaction is described by a modified Hertz law, while for the adhesive interactions, the model by Johnson, Kendall and Roberts (JKR) is adopted.

Nikolai V. Brilliantov; Thorsten Poeschel

2005-01-01

240

Fire-Retardant Epoxy Adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Phosphorus-containing epoxy is fire-retardant and translucent. Intended as adhesive for laminated plastic sheets, new material bonds well to titanium dioxide-filled plastic film, which ordinarily shows little surface interaction with adhesives. Fire retardancy has been demonstrated, and smoke density is low enough to avoid smoke obscuration.

Bilow, N.; Giants, T. W.

1982-01-01

241

A Potential Role for Plasma Uric Acid in the Endothelial Pathology of Plasmodium falciparum malaria  

PubMed Central

Background Inflammatory cytokinemia and systemic activation of the microvascular endothelium are central to the pathogenesis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Recently, ‘parasite-derived’ uric acid (UA) was shown to activate human immune cells in vitro, and plasma UA levels were associated with inflammatory cytokine levels and disease severity in Malian children with malaria. Since UA is associated with endothelial inflammation in non-malaria diseases, we hypothesized that elevated UA levels contribute to the endothelial pathology of P. falciparum malaria. Methodology/Principal Findings We measured levels of UA and soluble forms of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), E-selectin (sE-Selectin), thrombomodulin (sTM), tissue factor (sTF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the plasma of Malian children aged 0.5–17 years with uncomplicated malaria (UM, n?=?487) and non-cerebral severe malaria (NCSM, n?=?68). In 69 of these children, we measured these same factors once when they experienced a malaria episode and twice when they were healthy (i.e., before and after the malaria transmission season). We found that levels of UA, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, sE-Selectin and sTM increase during a malaria episode and return to basal levels at the end of the transmission season (p<0.0001). Plasma levels of UA and these four endothelial biomarkers correlate with parasite density and disease severity. In children with UM, UA levels correlate with parasite density (r?=?0.092, p?=?0.043), sICAM-1 (r ?=?0.255, p<0.0001) and sTM (r?=?0.175, p?=?0.0001) levels. After adjusting for parasite density, UA levels predict sTM levels. Conclusions/Significance Elevated UA levels may contribute to malaria pathogenesis by damaging endothelium and promoting a procoagulant state. The correlation between UA levels and parasite densities suggests that parasitized erythrocytes are one possible source of excess UA. UA-induced shedding of endothelial TM may represent a novel mechanism of malaria pathogenesis, in which activated thrombin induces fibrin deposition and platelet aggregation in microvessels. This protocol is registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT00669084). PMID:23349902

Mita-Mendoza, Neida K.; van de Hoef, Diana L.; Lopera-Mesa, Tatiana M.; Doumbia, Saibou; Konate, Drissa; Doumbouya, Mory; Gu, Wenjuan; Anderson, Jennifer M.; Santos-Argumedo, Leopoldo; Rodriguez, Ana; Fay, Michael P.; Diakite, Mahamadou; Long, Carole A.; Fairhurst, Rick M.

2013-01-01

242

Corrugated pipe adhesive applicator apparatus  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for coating selected portions of the troughs of a corrugated pipe with an adhesive includes a support disposed within the pipe with a reservoir containing the adhesive disposed on the support. A pump, including a spout, is utilized for supplying the adhesive from the reservoir to a trough of the pipe. A rotatable applicator is supported on the support and contacts the trough of the pipe. The applicator itself is sized so as to fit within the trough, and contacts the adhesive in the trough and spreads the adhesive in the trough upon rotation. A trough shield, supported by the support and disposed in the path of rotation of the applicator, is utilized to prevent the applicator from contacting selected portions of the trough. A locator head is also disposed on the support and provides a way for aligning the spout, the applicator, and the trough shield with the trough. 4 figs.

Shirey, R.A.

1983-06-14

243

Adhesion Transition of Flexible Sheets  

E-print Network

Intermolecular forces are known to precipitate adhesion events between solid bodies. Inspired by a macro-scale experiment showing the hysteretic adhesion of a piece of flexible tape over a plastic substrate, we develop here a model of far-field dry adhesion between two flexible sheets interacting via a power-law potential. We show that phase transitions from unadhered to adhered states occur as dictated by a dimensionless bending parameter representing the ratio of interaction strength to bending stiffness. The order of the adhesion transitions, as well as their hysteretic nature, is shown to depend on the form of the interaction potential between the flexible sheets. When three or more sheets interact, additional geometrical considerations determine the hierarchical or sequential nature of the adhesion transitions.

Arthur A. Evans; Eric Lauga

2009-05-31

244

CD40 on human endothelial cells: inducibility by cytokines and functional regulation of adhesion molecule expression.  

PubMed Central

Cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC) constitutively express a low level of CD40 antigen as detected by monoclonal antibody binding and fluorescence flow cytometric quantitation. The level of expression on EC is increased about 3-fold following 24 h treatment with optimal concentrations of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 1, interferon beta, or interferon gamma; both interferons show greater than additive induction of CD40 when combined with tumor necrosis factor or interleukin 1. Expression of CD40 increases within 8 h of cytokine treatment and continues to increase through 72 h. A trimeric form of recombinant murine CD40 ligand acts on human EC to increase expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules, including E-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, and intercellular adhesion molecule 1. CD40 may be detected immunocytochemically on human microvascular EC in normal skin. We conclude that endothelial CD40 may play a role as a signaling receptor in the development of T-cell-mediated inflammatory reactions. Images Fig. 5 PMID:7538666

Karmann, K; Hughes, C C; Schechner, J; Fanslow, W C; Pober, J S

1995-01-01

245

Cell adhesion molecules involved in the leukocyte recruitment induced by venom of the snake Bothrops jararaca.  

PubMed Central

It has been shown that Bothrops jararaca venom (BjV) induces a significant leukocyte accumulation, mainly neutrophils, at the local of tissue damage. Therefore, the role of the adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), LECAM-1, CD18, leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) on the BjV-induced neutrophil accumulation and the correlation with release of LTB4, TXA2, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6 have been investigated. Anti-mouse LECAM-1, LFA-1, ICAM-1 and PECAM-1 monoclonal antibody injection resulted in a reduction of 42%, 80%, 66% and 67%, respectively, of neutrophil accumulation induced by BjV (250 microg/kg, intraperitoneal) injection in male mice compared with isotype-matched control injected animals. The anti-mouse CD18 monoclonal antibody had no significant effect on venom-induced neutrophil accumulation. Concentrations of LTB(4), TXA(2), IL-6 and TNF-alpha were significant increased in the peritoneal exudates of animals injected with venom, whereas no increment in IL-1 was detected. This results suggest that ICAM-1, LECAM-1, LFA-1 and PECAM-1, but not CD18, adhesion molecules are involved in the recruitment of neutrophils into the inflammatory site induced by BjV. This is the first in vivo evidence that snake venom is able to up-regulate the expression of adhesion molecules by both leukocytes and endothelial cells. This venom effect may be indirect, probably through the release of the inflammatory mediators evidenced in the present study. PMID:12581499

Zamuner, Stella R; Teixeira, Catarina F P

2002-01-01

246

Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-{alpha}-induced expression of adhesion molecules in human endothelial cells by the saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum  

SciTech Connect

Adhesion molecules play an important role in the development of atherogenesis and are produced by endothelial cells after being stimulated with various inflammatory cytokines. This study examined the effect of saponins that were isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC (Campanulaceae), Changkil saponins (CKS), on the cytokine-induced monocyte/human endothelial cell interaction, which is a crucial early event in atherogenesis. CKS significantly inhibited the TNF{alpha}-induced increase in monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells as well as decreased the protein and mRNA expression levels of vascular adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 on endothelial cells. Furthermore, CKS significantly inhibited the TNF{alpha}-induced production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of NF-{kappa}B by preventing I{kappa}B degradation and inhibiting I{kappa}B kinase activity. Overall, CKS has anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory activity, which is least in part the result of it reducing the cytokine-induced endothelial adhesion to monocytes by inhibiting intracellular ROS production, NF-{kappa}B activation, and cell adhesion molecule expression in endothelial cells.

Kim, Ji Young [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong Hee [Department of Pathology, College of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyung Gyun [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Song, Gyu-Yong [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Young Chul [Division of Food Science, Chinju International University, Chinju (Korea, Republic of); Roh, Seong Hwan [Jangsaeng Doraji Research Institute of Biotechnology, Jangsaeng Doraji Co., Ltd., Chinju (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Hye Gwang [Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Research Center for Proteineous Materials, Chosun University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: hgjeong@chosun.ac.kr

2006-01-15

247

Kidney injury molecule1 is a phosphatidylserine receptor that confers a phagocytic phenotype on epithelial cells  

PubMed Central

Following injury, the clearance of apoptotic and necrotic cells is necessary for mitigation and resolution of inflammation and tissue repair. In addition to macrophages, which are traditionally assigned to this task, neighboring epithelial cells in the affected tissue are postulated to contribute to this process. Kidney injury molecule1 (KIM-1 or TIM-1) is an immunoglobulin superfamily cell-surface protein not expressed by cells of the myeloid lineage but highly upregulated on the surface of injured kidney epithelial cells. Here we demonstrate that injured kidney epithelial cells assumed attributes of endogenous phagocytes. Confocal images confirm internalization of apoptotic bodies within KIM-1–expressing epithelial cells after injury in rat kidney tubules in vivo. KIM-1 was directly responsible for phagocytosis in cultured primary rat tubule epithelial cells and also porcine and canine epithelial cell lines. KIM-1 was able to specifically recognize apoptotic cell surface-specific epitopes phosphatidylserine, and oxidized lipoproteins, expressed by apoptotic tubular epithelial cells. Thus, KIM-1 is the first nonmyeloid phosphatidylserine receptor identified to our knowledge that transforms epithelial cells into semiprofessional phagocytes. PMID:18414680

Ichimura, Takaharu; Asseldonk, Edwin J.P.v.; Humphreys, Benjamin D.; Gunaratnam, Lakshman; Duffield, Jeremy S.; Bonventre, Joseph V.

2008-01-01

248

Members of the thrombospondin gene family bind stromal interaction molecule 1 and regulate calcium channel activity.  

PubMed

The thrombospondins (TSPs) are a family of matricellular proteins that regulate cellular phenotype through interactions with a myriad of other proteins and proteoglycans. We have identified a novel interaction of the members of the TSP gene family with stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1). This association is robust since it is preserved in Triton X-100, can be detected with multiple anti-TSP-1 and anti-STIM1 antibodies, and is detected in a wide range of cell types. We have also found that STIM1 co-immunoprecipitates with TSP-4 and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), and that a recombinant version of the N-terminal domain of STIM1 binds to the signature domain of TSP-1 and COMP. The association of the TSPs with STIM1 is observed in both the presence and absence of calcium indicating that the calcium-dependent conformation of the signature domain of TSPs is not required for binding. Thus, this interaction could occur in the ER under conditions of normal or low calcium concentration. Furthermore, we observed that the expression of COMP in HEK 293 cells decreases STIM1-mediated calcium release activated calcium (CRAC) channel currents and increases arachidonic acid calcium (ARC) channel currents. These data indicate that the TSPs regulate STIM1 function and participate in the reciprocal regulation of two channels that mediate calcium entry into the cell. PMID:24845346

Duquette, Mark; Nadler, Monica; Okuhara, Dayne; Thompson, Jill; Shuttleworth, Trevor; Lawler, Jack

2014-07-01

249

Differential role for stromal interacting molecule 1 in the regulation of vascular function.  

PubMed

We determined the in vivo role of stromal-interacting molecule 1 (STIM1) in the regulation of vascular function using endothelial cell (EC)- and smooth-muscle (SM)-specific knockout mice. Systolic blood pressure and glucose levels were similar in all mice (Stim1(SMC-/-), Stim1(SMC-/+), Stim1(EC-/-), Stim1(EC-/+)), but body weight was reduced in Stim1(EC-/-) and Stim1(SMC-/-) mice. The contraction of arteries in response to phenylephrine was significantly reduced in Stim1(SMC-/-) mice only. However, contraction to thromboxane and KCl was similar in all groups. The endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) was impaired in Stim1(EC-/+) and drastically reduced in Stim1(EC-/-) mice while the endothelium-independent vasorelaxation was similar among all groups. Acute downregulation of STIM1 in arteries reduced EDR and the contractile response to phenylephrine, while the contractile response to thromboxane was not affected. NADPH oxidase activity was increased only in Stim1(EC-/+) and Stim1(EC-/-) mice. Calcium (Ca(2+)) entry in endothelial cells stimulated with thrombin and histamine had the pharmacological features of store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) and was dependent on STIM1 expression. We conclude that STIM1 plays opposing roles in vascular smooth muscle vs. endothelial cells in the regulation of vascular reactivity. PMID:24965067

Kassan, Modar; Zhang, Wei; Aissa, Karima Ait; Stolwijk, Judith; Trebak, Mohamed; Matrougui, Khalid

2014-06-27

250

Chronic epithelial kidney injury molecule-1 expression causes murine kidney fibrosis  

PubMed Central

Acute kidney injury predisposes patients to the development of both chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal failure, but the molecular details underlying this important clinical association remain obscure. We report that kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), an epithelial phosphatidylserine receptor expressed transiently after acute injury and chronically in fibrotic renal disease, promotes kidney fibrosis. Conditional expression of KIM-1 in renal epithelial cells (Kim1RECtg) in the absence of an injury stimulus resulted in focal epithelial vacuolization at birth, but otherwise normal tubule histology and kidney function. By 4 weeks of age, Kim1RECtg mice developed spontaneous and progressive interstitial kidney inflammation with fibrosis, leading to renal failure with anemia, proteinuria, hyperphosphatemia, hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy, and death, analogous to progressive kidney disease in humans. Kim1RECtg kidneys had elevated expression of proinflammatory monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) at early time points. Heterologous expression of KIM-1 in an immortalized proximal tubule cell line triggered MCP-1 secretion and increased MCP-1–dependent macrophage chemotaxis. In mice expressing a mutant, truncated KIM-1 polypeptide, experimental kidney fibrosis was ameliorated with reduced levels of MCP-1, consistent with a profibrotic role for native KIM-1. Thus, sustained KIM-1 expression promotes kidney fibrosis and provides a link between acute and recurrent injury with progressive chronic kidney disease. PMID:23979159

Humphreys, Benjamin D.; Xu, Fengfeng; Sabbisetti, Venkata; Grgic, Ivica; Naini, Said Movahedi; Wang, Ningning; Chen, Guochun; Xiao, Sheng; Patel, Dhruti; Henderson, Joel M.; Ichimura, Takaharu; Mou, Shan; Soeung, Savuth; McMahon, Andrew P.; Kuchroo, Vijay K.; Bonventre, Joseph V.

2013-01-01

251

Contractility Modulates Cell Adhesion Strengthening Through Focal Adhesion Kinase and Assembly of Vinculin-Containing Focal Adhesions  

PubMed Central

Actin-myosin contractility modulates focal adhesion assembly, stress fiber formation, and cell migration. We analyzed the contributions of contractility to fibroblast adhesion strengthening using a hydrodynamic adhesion assay and micropatterned substrates to control cell shape and adhesive area. Serum addition resulted in adhesion strengthening to levels 30–40% higher than serum-free cultures. Inhibition of myosin light chain kinase or Rho-kinase blocked phosphorylation of myosin light chain to similar extents and eliminated the serum-induced enhancements in strengthening. Blebbistatin-induced inhibition of myosin II reduced serum-induced adhesion strength to similar levels as those obtained by blocking myosin light chain phosphorylation. Reductions in adhesion strengthening by inhibitors of contractility correlated with loss of vinculin and talin from focal adhesions without changes in integrin binding. In vinculin-null cells, inhibition of contractility did not alter adhesive force, whereas controls displayed a 20% reduction in adhesion strength, indicating that the effects of contractility on adhesive force are vinculin-dependent. Furthermore, in cells expressing FAK, inhibitors of contractility reduced serum-induced adhesion strengthening as well as eliminated focal adhesion assembly. In contrast, in the absence of FAK, these inhibitors did not alter adhesion strength or focal adhesion assembly. These results indicate that contractility modulates adhesion strengthening via FAK-dependent, vinculin-containing focal adhesion assembly. PMID:20205236

Dumbauld, David W.; Shin, Heungsoo; Gallant, Nathan D.; Michael, Kristin E.; Radhakrishna, Harish; García, Andrés J.

2010-01-01

252

Adhesion testing device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a testing apparatus and method for testing the adhesion of a coating to a surface. The invention also includes an improved testing button or dolly for use with the testing apparatus and a self aligning button hook or dolly interface on the testing apparatus. According to preferred forms, the apparatus and method of the present invention are simple, portable, battery operated rugged, and inexpensive to manufacture and use, are readily adaptable to a wide variety of uses, and provide effective and accurate testing results. The device includes a linear actuator driven by an electric motor coupled to the actuator through a gearbox and a rotatable shaft. The electronics for the device are contained in the head section of the device. At the contact end of the device, is positioned a self aligning button hook, attached below the load cell located on the actuator shaft.

LaPeyronnie, Glenn M. (Inventor); Huff, Charles M. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

253

Epidural Lysis of Adhesions  

PubMed Central

As our population ages and the rate of spine surgery continues to rise, the use epidural lysis of adhesions (LOA) has emerged as a popular treatment to treat spinal stenosis and failed back surgery syndrome. There is moderate evidence that percutaneous LOA is more effective than conventional ESI for both failed back surgery syndrome, spinal stenosis, and lumbar radiculopathy. For cervical HNP, cervical stenosis and mechanical pain not associated with nerve root involvement, the evidence is anecdotal. The benefits of LOA stem from a combination of factors to include the high volumes administered and the use of hypertonic saline. Hyaluronidase has been shown in most, but not all studies to improve treatment outcomes. Although infrequent, complications are more likely to occur after epidural LOA than after conventional epidural steroid injections. PMID:24478895

Lee, Frank; Jamison, David E.; Hurley, Robert W.

2014-01-01

254

Wet Adhesion and Adhesive Locomotion of Snails on Anti-Adhesive Non-Wetting Surfaces  

PubMed Central

Creating surfaces capable of resisting liquid-mediated adhesion is extremely difficult due to the strong capillary forces that exist between surfaces. Land snails use this to adhere to and traverse across almost any type of solid surface of any orientation (horizontal, vertical or inverted), texture (smooth, rough or granular) or wetting property (hydrophilic or hydrophobic) via a layer of mucus. However, the wetting properties that enable snails to generate strong temporary attachment and the effectiveness of this adhesive locomotion on modern super-slippy superhydrophobic surfaces are unclear. Here we report that snail adhesion overcomes a wide range of these microscale and nanoscale topographically structured non-stick surfaces. For the one surface which we found to be snail resistant, we show that the effect is correlated with the wetting response of the surface to a weak surfactant. Our results elucidate some critical wetting factors for the design of anti-adhesive and bio-adhesion resistant surfaces. PMID:22693563

Shirtcliffe, Neil J.; McHale, Glen; Newton, Michael I.

2012-01-01

255

Adhesively-bonded joints and repairs in metallic alloys, polymers and composite materials: Adhesives, adhesion theories and surface pretreatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper, the following topics are reviewed in detail: (a) the available adhesives, as well as their recent advances, (b) thermodynamic factors affecting the surface pretreatments including adhesion theories, wettability, surface energy, (c) bonding mechanisms in the adhesive joints, (d) surface pretreatment methods for the adhesively bonded joints, and as well as their recent advances, and (e) combined

A. Baldan

2004-01-01

256

Key Residues of a Major Cytochrome P4502D6 Epitope Are Located on the Surface of the Molecule1  

E-print Network

Key Residues of a Major Cytochrome P4502D6 Epitope Are Located on the Surface of the Molecule1 Yun epitope mapping of CYP2D6. Reactivity to the full-length protein and 16 constructs thereof was determined loss of LKM1 binding in both conditions, suggesting that this region contains a major epitope

257

Interfacial adhesion of carbon fibers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Relative adhesion strengths between AS4, AS1, and XAS carbon fibers and thermoplastic polymers were determined using the embedded single filament test. Polymers studied included polycarbonate, polyphenylene oxide, polyetherimide, polysulfone, polyphenylene oxide blends with polystyrene, and polycarbonate blends with a polycarbonate polysiloxane block copolymer. Fiber surface treatments and sizings improved adhesion somewhat, but adhesion remained well below levels obtained with epoxy matrices. An explanation for the differences between the Hercules and Grafil fibers was sought using X ray photon spectroscopy, wetting, scanning electron microscopy and thermal desorption analysis.

Bascom, Willard D.

1987-01-01

258

Adhesives from modified soy protein  

DOEpatents

The, present invention provides useful adhesive compositions having similar adhesive properties to conventional UF and PPF resins. The compositions generally include a protein portion and modifying ingredient portion selected from the group consisting of carboxyl-containing compounds, aldehyde-containing compounds, epoxy group-containing compounds, and mixtures thereof. The composition is preferably prepared at a pH level at or near the isoelectric point of the protein. In other preferred forms, the adhesive composition includes a protein portion and a carboxyl-containing group portion.

Sun, Susan (Manhattan, KS); Wang, Donghai (Manhattan, KS); Zhong, Zhikai (Manhattan, KS); Yang, Guang (Shanghai, CN)

2008-08-26

259

Photovoltaic module with adhesion promoter  

DOEpatents

Photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters and methods for fabricating photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters are described. A photovoltaic module includes a solar cell including a first surface and a second surface, the second surface including a plurality of interspaced back-side contacts. A first glass layer is coupled to the first surface by a first encapsulating layer. A second glass layer is coupled to the second surface by a second encapsulating layer. At least a portion of the second encapsulating layer is bonded directly to the plurality of interspaced back-side contacts by an adhesion promoter.

2013-10-08

260

Wear mechanism based on adhesion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various concepts concerning wear mechanisms and deformation behavior observed in the sliding wear track are surveyed. The mechanisms for wear fragment formation is discussed on the basis of adhesion. The wear process under unlubricated sliding conditions is explained in relation to the concept of adhesion at the interface during the sliding process. The mechanism for tearing away the surface layer from the contact area and forming the sliding track contour is explained by assuming the simplified process of material removal based on the adhesion theory.

Yamamoto, T.; Buckley, D. H.

1982-01-01

261

CMRF35-like molecule 1 (CLM-1) regulates eosinophil homeostasis by suppressing cellular chemotaxis.  

PubMed

Eosinophil accumulation in health and disease is a hallmark characteristic of mucosal immunity and type 2 helper T cell (Th2) inflammation. Eotaxin-induced CCR3 (chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 3) signaling has a critical role in eosinophil chemotactic responses. Nevertheless, the expressions of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif-bearing receptors such as CMRF35-like molecule-1 (CLM-1) and their ability to govern eosinophil migration are largely unknown. We now report that CLM-1 (but not CLM-8) is highly and distinctly expressed by colonic and adipose tissue eosinophils. Furthermore, Clm1?/? mice display elevated baseline tissue eosinophilia. CLM-1 negatively regulated eotaxin-induced eosinophil responses including eosinophil chemotaxis, actin polymerization, calcium influx, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2, but not p38 phosphorylation. Addition of CLM-1 ligand (e.g., phosphatidylserine) rendered wild-type eosinophils hypochemotactic in vitro and blockade of CLM-1/ligand interactions rendered wild-type eosinophils hyperchemotactic in vitro and in vivo in a model of allergic airway disease. Interestingly, suppression of cellular recruitment via CLM-1 was specific to eosinophils and eotaxin, as leukotriene B? (LTB?)- and macrophage inflammatory protein-1? (MIP-1?)-induced eosinophil and neutrophil migration were not negatively regulated by CLM-1. Finally, peripheral blood eosinophils obtained from allergic rhinitis patients displayed elevated CLM-1/CD300f levels. These data highlight CLM-1 as a novel regulator of eosinophil homeostasis and demonstrate that eosinophil accumulation is constantly governed by CLM-1, which negatively regulates eotaxin-induced eosinophil responses. PMID:23820751

Moshkovits, I; Shik, D; Itan, M; Karo-Atar, D; Bernshtein, B; Hershko, A Y; van Lookeren Campagne, M; Munitz, A

2014-03-01

262

APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWSFOCUSED REVIEW Adhesive wafer bonding  

E-print Network

APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWS­FOCUSED REVIEW Adhesive wafer bonding F. Niklausa Microsystem Technology 9 February 2006 Wafer bonding with intermediate polymer adhesives is an important fabrication-dimensional integrated circuits, advanced packaging, and microfluidics. In adhesive wafer bonding, the polymer adhesive

Salama, Khaled

263

VIP Promotes Resistance in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa–Infected Cornea by Modulating Adhesion Molecule Expression  

PubMed Central

Purpose. This study tested the hypothesis that the neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) regulates adhesion molecule expression, reduces inflammatory cell migration and infiltration into the Pseudomonas aeruginosa–infected cornea of susceptible B6 mice, and promotes corneal healing and resistance. Methods. B6 mice received daily intraperitoneal (IP) injections of VIP from ?1 through 5 days after infection. Control mice were similarly injected with sterile phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Transcript levels of adhesion molecules were determined by PCR array, then select molecules were tested individually by real-time reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and confirmed at the protein level by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or immunofluorescent staining with confocal laser scanning microscopy at various time points after infection to assess the effects of VIP treatment in the regulation of adhesion molecule expression. Results. Injection of B6 mice with VIP compared with PBS resulted in significant downregulation of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1, and P-selectin and L-selectin mRNA expression. Protein levels for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, detected by ELISA, supported the mRNA data at similar time points. Immunofluorescence staining further confirmed the effects of VIP treatment, showing reduced corneal expression of ICAM-1/leukocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-1) and VCAM-1/very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) at select time points compared with PBS-treated animals. Conclusions. VIP treatment downregulates the production of adhesion molecules integral to the transmigration process of host inflammatory cells (polymorphonuclear neutrophils, macrophages) into the infected cornea. This results directly in reduced cellular infiltration, less stromal destruction, and better disease outcome. PMID:20592225

McClellan, Sharon A.; Barrett, Ronald P.; Hazlett, Linda D.

2010-01-01

264

Seafood delicacy makes great adhesive  

SciTech Connect

Technology from Mother Nature is often hard to beat, so Idaho National Laboratory scientistsgenetically analyzed the adhesive proteins produced by blue mussels, a seafood delicacy. Afterobtaining full-length DNA sequences encoding these proteins, reprod

Idaho National Laboratory - Frank Roberto, Heather Silverman

2008-03-26

265

Seafood delicacy makes great adhesive  

ScienceCinema

Technology from Mother Nature is often hard to beat, so Idaho National Laboratory scientistsgenetically analyzed the adhesive proteins produced by blue mussels, a seafood delicacy. Afterobtaining full-length DNA sequences encoding these proteins, reprod

Idaho National Laboratory - Frank Roberto, Heather Silverman

2010-01-08

266

Investigation of organic adhesives for hybrid microcircuits  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The properties of organic adhesives were investigated to acquire information for a guideline document regarding the selection of adhesives for use in high reliability hybrid microcircuits. Specifically, investigations were made of (1) alternate methods for determining the outgassing of cured adhesives, (2) effects of long term aging at 150 C on the electrical properties of conductive adhesives, (3) effects of shelf life age on adhesive characteristics, (4) bond strengths of electrically conductive adhesives on thick film gold metallization, (5) a copper filled adhesive, (6) effects of products outgassed from cured adhesives on device electrical parameters, (7) metal migration from electrically conductive adhesives, and (8) ionic content of electrically insulative adhesives. The tests performed during these investigations are described, and the results obtained are discussed.

Perkins, K. L.; Licari, J. J.

1975-01-01

267

Fibrillar Adhesive for Climbing Robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A climbing robot needs to use its adhesive patches over and over again as it scales a slope. Replacing the adhesive at each step is generally impractical. If the adhesive or attachment mechanism cannot be used repeatedly, then the robot must carry an extra load of this adhesive to apply a fresh layer with each move. Common failure modes include tearing, contamination by dirt, plastic deformation of fibers, and damage from loading/ unloading. A gecko-like fibrillar adhesive has been developed that has been shown useful for climbing robots, and may later prove useful for grasping, anchoring, and medical applications. The material consists of a hierarchical fibrillar structure that currently contains two levels, but may be extended to three or four levels in continuing work. The contacting level has tens of thousands of microscopic fibers made from a rubberlike material that bend over and create intimate contact with a surface to achieve maximum van der Waals forces. By maximizing the real area of contact that these fibers make and minimizing the bending energy necessary to achieve that contact, the net amount of adhesion has been improved dramatically.

Pamess, Aaron; White, Victor E.

2013-01-01

268

Fibrin serves as a divalent ligand that regulates neutrophil-mediated melanoma cells adhesion to endothelium under shear conditions  

PubMed Central

Elevated soluble fibrin (sFn) levels are characteristic of melanoma hematogeneous dissemination, where tumor cells interact intimately with host cells. Melanoma adhesion to the blood vessel wall is promoted by immune cell arrests and tumor-derived thrombin, a serine protease that converts soluble fibrinogen (sFg) into sFn. However, the molecular requirement for sFn-mediated melanoma-polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and melanoma-endothelial interactions under physiological flow conditions remain elusive. To understand this process, we studied the relative binding capacities of sFg and sFn receptors e.g., ?v?3 integrin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expressed on melanoma cells, ICAM-1 on endothelial cells (EC), and CD11b/CD18 (Mac-1) on PMNs. Using a parallel-plate flow chamber, highly metastatic melanoma cells (1205Lu and A375M) and human PMNs were perfused over an EC monolayer expressing ICAM-1 in the presence of sFg or sFn. It was found that both the frequency and lifetime of direct melanoma adhesion or PMN-facilitated melanoma adhesion to the EC in a shear flow were increased by the presence of sFn in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, sFn fragment D and plasmin-treated sFn failed to increase melanoma adhesion, implying that sFn-bridged cell adhesion requires dimer-mediated receptor-receptor cross-linking. Finally, analysis of the respective kinetics of sFn binding to Mac-1, ICAM-1, and ?v?3 by single bond cell tethering assays suggested that ICAM-1 and ?v?3 are responsible for initial capture and firm adhesion of melanoma cells. These results provide evidence that sFn enhances melanoma adhesion directly to ICAM-1 on the EC, while prolonged shear-resistant melanoma adhesion requires interactions with PMNs. PMID:22262064

Ozdemir, Tugba; Zhang, Pu; Fu, Changliang

2012-01-01

269

Effects of nitric oxide-releasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NONO-NSAIDs) on melanoma cell adhesion  

SciTech Connect

A new class of nitric oxide (NO•)-releasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NONO-NSAIDs) were developed in recent years and have shown promising potential as NSAID substitutes due to their gentle nature on cardiovascular and gastrointestinal systems. Since nitric oxide plays a role in regulation of cell adhesion, we assessed the potential use of NONO-NSAIDs as anti-metastasis drugs. In this regard, we compared the effects of NONO-aspirin and a novel NONO-naproxen to those exerted by their respective parent NSAIDs on avidities of human melanoma M624 cells. Both NONO-NSAIDs, but not the corresponding parent NSAIDs, reduced M624 adhesion on vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) by 20–30% and fibronectin by 25–44% under fluid flow conditions and static conditions, respectively. Only NONO-naproxen reduced (? 56%) the activity of ?1 integrin, which binds to ?4 integrin to form very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), the ligand of VCAM-1. These results indicate that the diazeniumdiolate (NO•)-donor moiety is critical for reducing the adhesion between VLA-4 and its ligands, while the NSAID moiety can impact the regulation mechanism of melanoma cell adhesion. -- Highlights: ? NONO-naproxen, a novel nitric oxide-releasing NSAID, was synthesized. ? NONO-NSAIDs, but not their parent NSAIDs, reduced melanoma adhesion. ? NONO-naproxen, but not NONO-aspirin and NSAIDs, reduced activity of ?1 integrin.

Cheng, Huiwen [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States) [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Mollica, Molly Y.; Lee, Shin Hee [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States)] [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Wang, Lei [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States) [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Velázquez-Martínez, Carlos A., E-mail: velazque@ualberta.ca [Chemistry Section, Laboratory of Comparative Carcinogenesis and Basic Research Program, SAIC-Frederick Inc., National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702 (United States); Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton Alberta, Canada T6G 2N8 (Canada); Wu, Shiyong, E-mail: wus1@ohio.edu [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States) [Edison Biotechnology Institute, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States)

2012-10-15

270

Outer Membrane Vesicles Derived from Escherichia coli Up-Regulate Expression of Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecules In Vitro and In Vivo  

PubMed Central

Escherichia coli, as one of the gut microbiota, can evoke severe inflammatory diseases including peritonitis and sepsis. Gram-negative bacteria including E. coli constitutively release nano-sized outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). Although E. coli OMVs can induce the inflammatory responses without live bacteria, the effect of E. coli OMVs in vivo on endothelial cell function has not been previously elucidated. In this study, we show that bacteria-free OMVs increased the expression of endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and enhanced the leukocyte binding on human microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. Inhibition of NF-?B and TLR4 reduced the expression of cell adhesion molecules in vitro. OMVs given intraperitoneally to the mice induced ICAM-1 expression and neutrophil sequestration in the lung endothelium, and the effects were reduced in ICAM-1-/- and TLR4-/- mice. When compared to free lipopolysaccharide, OMVs were more potent in inducing both ICAM-1 expression as well as leukocyte adhesion in vitro, and ICAM-1 expression and neutrophil sequestration in the lungs in vivo. This study shows that OMVs potently up-regulate functional cell adhesion molecules via NF-?B- and TLR4-dependent pathways, and that OMVs are more potent than free lipopolysaccharide. PMID:23516621

Lee, Jaewook; Choi, Eun-Jeong; Yi, Namwoo; Park, Kyong-Su; Park, Jaesung; Lötvall, Jan; Kim, Yoon-Keun; Gho, Yong Song

2013-01-01

271

NADPH oxidase and lipid raft-associated redox signaling are required for PCB153-induced upregulation of cell adhesion molecules in human brain endothelial cells  

SciTech Connect

Exposure to persistent organic pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), can lead to chronic inflammation and the development of vascular diseases. Because cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) of the cerebrovascular endothelium regulate infiltration of inflammatory cells into the brain, we have explored the molecular mechanisms by which ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), such as PCB153, can upregulate CAMs in brain endothelial cells. Exposure to PCB153 increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), as well as elevated adhesion of leukocytes to brain endothelial cells. These effects were impeded by inhibitors of EGFR, JAKs, or Src activity. In addition, pharmacological inhibition of NADPH oxidase or disruption of lipid rafts by cholesterol depleting agents blocked PCB153-induced phosphorylation of JAK and Src kinases and upregulation of CAMs. In contrast, silencing of caveolin-1 by siRNA interference did not affect upregulation of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in brain endothelial cells stimulated by PCB153. Results of the present study indicate that lipid raft-dependent NADPH oxidase/JAK/EGFR signaling mechanisms regulate the expression of CAMs in brain endothelial cells and adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial monolayers. Due to its role in leukocyte infiltration, induction of CAMs may contribute to PCB-induced cerebrovascular disorders and neurotoxic effects in the CNS.

Eum, Sung Yong [Molecular Neuroscience and Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States)], E-mail: sungyong.eum@uky.edu; Andras, Ibolya [Molecular Neuroscience and Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Hennig, Bernhard [College of Agriculture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Toborek, Michal [Molecular Neuroscience and Vascular Biology Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States)

2009-10-15

272

The effect of regular colchicine treatment on biomarkers related with vascular injury in newly diagnosed patients with familial Mediterranean fever.  

PubMed

We aimed to evaluate some of the vascular biomarkers in newly diagnosed, colchicine naive familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients. Our primary aim was to investigate the effect of regular colchicine treatment on these variables. Twenty-four (12 males [M] and 12 females [F], 33.3?±?13.4 years) newly diagnosed FMF patients were included in the study. These patients were started on colchicine treatment following the initial assessment and were studied again no earlier than 2 months. Five patients were lost to follow-up, and assessment of the on-treatment patients was performed on the remaining 19 patients (8 M and 11 F, 33.6?±?11.8 years). There were 19 healthy subjects (11 M and 8 F, 32.2?±?7.2 years) who served as a control group. Cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs; soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [sICAM-1] and soluble CD146 [sCD146]), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), fetuin-A and hs-CRP were studied. Examinations were performed on attack-free periods. The levels of hs-CRP, fetuin-A, sICAM-1, and PAI-1 were significantly higher in newly diagnosed patients compared to those of controls (P??0.05). On-treatment sCD146 was found significantly lower than the controls (P??0.05). Administration of therapeutic doses of colchicine markedly reduces vascular injury parameters and normalizes the values in FMF. PMID:22258906

Sari, Ismail; Yuksel, Arif; Kozaci, Didem; Selcuk, Sema; Gokce, Goksel; Yildiz, Yasar; Demirel, Hakan; Sop, Gulten; Alacacioglu, Ahmet; Gunay, Necati; Akkoc, Nurullah

2012-06-01

273

Flexible backbone aromatic polyimide adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Continuing research at Langley Research Center on the synthesis and development of new inexpensive flexible aromatic polyimides as adhesives has resulted in a material identified as LARC-F-SO2 with similarities to polyimidesulfone, PISO2, and other flexible backbone polyimides recently reported by Progar and St. Clair. Also prepared and evaluated was an endcapped version of PISO2. These two polymers were compared with LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI, polyimides research in our laboratory and reported in the literature. The adhesive evaluation, primarily based on lap shear strength (LSS) tests at RT, 177 C and 204 C, involved preparing adhesive tapes, conducting bonding studies and exposing lap shear specimens to 204 C air for up to 1000 hrs and to a 72-hour water boil. The type of adhesive failure as well as the Tg was determined for the fractured specimens. The results indicate that LARC-TPI provides the highest LSSs. LARC-F-SO2, LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI all retain their strengths after thermal exposure for 1000 hrs and PISO2 retains greater than 80 percent of its control strengths. After a 72-hr water boil exposure, most of the four adhesive systems showed reduced strengths for all test temperatures although still retaining a high percentage of their original strength (greater than 60 percent) except for one case. The predominant failure type was cohesive with no significant change in the Tgs.

Progar, Donald J.; St.clair, Terry L.

1988-01-01

274

Rolling friction of adhesive microspheres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rolling friction of adhesive microspheres is an important quantity as it determines the strength and stability of larger aggregates. Current models predict rolling forces that are 1 to 2 orders of magnitude smaller than observed experimentally. Starting from the well-known Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR) contact description, we derive an analytical theory for the rolling friction based on the concept of adhesion hysteresis, e.g. a difference in apparent surface energies for opening/closing cracks. We show how adhesion hysteresis causes the pressure distribution within the contact to become asymmetrical, leading to an opposing torque. Analytical expressions are derived relating the size of the hysteresis, the rolling torque, and the rolling displacement, ?. We confirm the existence of a critical rolling displacement for the onset of rolling, the size of which is set by the amount of adhesion hysteresis and the size of the contact area. We demonstrate how the developed theory is able to explain the large rolling forces and particle-size dependence observed experimentally. Good agreement with experimental results is achieved for adhesion hysteresis values of (??/?) ? 3 for polystyrene, and (??/?) ? 0.5 for silicates, at crack propagation rates of 0.1 µm s-1 and 1-10 µm s-1, respectively.

Krijt, S.; Dominik, C.; Tielens, A. G. G. M.

2014-04-01

275

Capillarity-based switchable adhesion  

PubMed Central

Drawing inspiration from the adhesion abilities of a leaf beetle found in nature, we have engineered a switchable adhesion device. The device combines two concepts: The surface tension force from a large number of small liquid bridges can be significant (capillarity-based adhesion) and these contacts can be quickly made or broken with electronic control (switchable). The device grabs or releases a substrate in a fraction of a second via a low-voltage pulse that drives electroosmotic flow. Energy consumption is minimal because both the grabbed and released states are stable equilibria that persist with no energy added to the system. Notably, the device maintains the integrity of an array of hundreds to thousands of distinct interfaces during active reconfiguration from droplets to bridges and back, despite the natural tendency of the liquid toward coalescence. We demonstrate the scaling of adhesion strength with the inverse of liquid contact size. This suggests that strengths approaching those of permanent bonding adhesives are possible as feature size is scaled down. In addition, controllability is fast and efficient because the attachment time and required voltage also scale down favorably. The device features compact size, no solid moving parts, and is made of common materials. PMID:20133725

Vogel, Michael J.; Steen, Paul H.

2010-01-01

276

Adhesion of Activated Platelets to Endothelial Cells: Evidence for a GPIIbIIIa-dependent Bridging Mechanism and Novel Roles for Endothelial Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1), a v b 3 Integrin, and GPIb a  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Although it has been reported that activated platelets can adhere to intact endothelium, the re- ceptors involved have not been fully characterized. Also, it is not clear whether activated plate- lets bind primarily to matrix proteins at sites of endothelial cell denudation or directly to endo- thelial cells. Thus, this study was designed to further clarify the mechanisms of

Thomas Bombeli; Barbara R. Schwartz; John M. Harlan

277

Adhesive contact of elastomers: effective adhesion energy and creep function  

E-print Network

For the adhesive contact of elastomers, we propose expressions to quantify the impact of viscoelastic response on effective adhesion energy as a function of contact edge velocity. The expressions we propose are simple analytical functionals of the creep response and should be suitable for experimental data analysis in terms of measured rheologies. We also emphasize the role of the coupling between local stress field at the contact edge and the macroscopic remote loading (far field). We show that the contrast between growing and receding contact originates from the impact of viscoelastic response on coupling, while the separation process at the contact edge is similarly affected by viscoelasticity in both cases.

Etienne Barthel; Christian Frétigny

2009-06-11

278

Superhydrophobic surfaces cannot reduce ice adhesion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the mechanism of ice adhesion on surfaces is crucial for anti-icing surfaces, and it is not clear if superhydrophobic surfaces could reduce ice adhesion. Here, we investigate ice adhesion on model surfaces with different wettabilities. The results show that the superhydrophobic surface cannot reduce the ice adhesion, and the ice adhesion strength on the superhydrophilic surface and the superhydrophobic one is almost the same. This can be rationalized by the mechanical interlocking between the ice and the surface texture. Moreover, we find that the ice adhesion strength increases linearly with the area fraction of air in contact with liquid.

Chen, Jing; Liu, Jie; He, Min; Li, Kaiyong; Cui, Dapeng; Zhang, Qiaolan; Zeng, Xiping; Zhang, Yifan; Wang, Jianjun; Song, Yanlin

2012-09-01

279

How acoustic cavitation can improve adhesion.  

PubMed

In general, ultrasound is commonly used at low power level for non-destructive testing (NDT) and detection of delaminations in adhesive bonded structures. The present paper instead presents an approach where power ultrasound is used to improve interface formation prior to the bonding process and to ensure the quality of adhesive bonds by using acoustic cavitation in the liquid adhesive. Results from high-speed videos, rheological and thermal measurements and destructive testing of adhesive bonds with contaminated surfaces are presented and discussed. Power ultrasound can be used in general to improve adhesion and significantly to improve contamination tolerance and robustness of adhesive bonding processes. PMID:22465677

Holtmannspötter, J; Wetzel, M; Czarnecki, J V; Gudladt, H-J

2012-09-01

280

Molecules and structures involved in the adhesion of natural killer cells to vascular endothelium  

PubMed Central

The present study was designed to define molecules and structures involved in the interaction of natural killer (NK) cells with the vascular endothelium in vitro. Resting and interleukin 2 (IL-2)- activated NK cells were studied for their capacity to adhere to resting and IL-1-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC). In the absence of stimuli, NK cells showed appreciable adhesion to EC, with levels of binding intermediate between polymorphs and monocytes. The binding ability was increased by pretreatment of NK cells with IL-2. Using the appropriate monoclonal antibody, the beta 2 leukocyte integrin CD18/CD11a was identified as the major adhesion pathway of NK cells to unstimulated EC. Activation of EC with IL-1 increased the binding of NK cells. In addition to the CD18-CD11a/intercellular adhesion molecule pathway, the interaction of resting or IL-2-activated NK cells to IL-1-activated EC involved the VLA-4 (alpha 4 beta 1)- vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 receptor/counter-receptor pair. No evidence for appreciable involvement of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule was obtained. Often, NK cells interacted either with the culture substrate or with the EC surface via dot-shaped adhesion structures (podosomes) protruding from the ventral surface and consisting of a core of F-actin surrounded by a ring of vinculin and talin. The identification of molecules and microanatomical structures involved in the interaction of NK cells with EC may provide a better understanding of the regulation of NK cell recruitment from blood, their extravasation, and their migration to tissues. PMID:1671081

1991-01-01

281

Interfacial adhesion: Theory and experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesion, the binding of different materials at an interface, is of general interest to many branches of technology, e.g., microelectronics, tribology, manufacturing, construction, etc. However, there is a lack of fundamental understanding of such diverse interfaces. In addition, experimental techniques generally have practical objectives, such as the achievement of sufficient strength to sustain mechanical or thermal effects and/or have the proper electronic properties. In addition, the theoretical description of binding at interfaces is quite limited, and a proper data base for such theoretical analysis does not exist. This presentation will review both experimental and theoretical aspects of adhesion in nonpolymer materials. The objective will be to delineate the critical parameters needed, governing adhesion testing along with an outline of testing objectives. A distinction will be made between practical and fundamental objectives. Examples are given where interfacial bonding may govern experimental consideration. The present status of theory is presented along wiith recommendations for future progress and needs.

Ferrante, John; Bozzolo, Guillermo H.; Finley, Clarence W.; Banerjea, Amitava

1988-01-01

282

Interfacial adhesion - Theory and experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesion, the binding of different materials at an interface, is of general interest to many branches of technology, e.g., microelectronics, tribology, manufacturing, construction, etc. However, there is a lack of fundamental understanding of such diverse interfaces. In addition, experimental techniques generally have practical objectives, such as the achievement of sufficient strength to sustain mechanical or thermal effects and/or have the proper electronic properties. In addition, the theoretical description of binding at interfaces is quite limited, and a proper data base for such theoretical analysis does not exist. This presentation will review both experimental and theoretical aspects of adhesion in nonpolymer materials. The objective will be to delineate the critical parameters needed, governing adhesion testing along with an outline of testing objectives. A distinction will be made between practical and fundamental objectives. Examples are given where interfacial bonding may govern experimental consideration. The present status of theory is presented along with recommendations for future progress and needs.

Ferrante, John; Banerjea, Amitava; Bozzolo, Guillermo H.; Finley, Clarence W.

1988-01-01

283

Mechanisms of temporary adhesion in benthic animals.  

PubMed

Adhesive systems are ubiquitous in benthic animals and play a key role in diverse functions such as locomotion, food capture, mating, burrow building, and defence. For benthic animals that release adhesives, surface and material properties and external morphology have received little attention compared to the biochemical content of the adhesives. We address temporary adhesion of benthic animals from the following three structural levels: (a) the biochemical content of the adhesive secretions, (b) the micro- and mesoscopic surface geometry and material properties of the adhesive organs, and (c) the macroscopic external morphology of the adhesive organs. We show that temporary adhesion of benthic animals is affected by three structural levels: the adhesive secretions provide binding to the substratum at a molecular scale, whereas surface geometry and external morphology increase the contact area with the irregular and unpredictable profile of the substratum from micro- to macroscales. The biochemical content of the adhesive secretions differs between abiotic and biotic substrata. The biochemistry of the adhesives suitable for biotic substrata differentiates further according to whether adhesion must be activated quickly (e.g. as a defensive mechanism) or more slowly (e.g. during adhesion of parasites). De-adhesion is controlled by additional secretions, enzymes, or mechanically. Due to deformability, the adhesive organs achieve intimate contact by adapting their surface profile to the roughness of the substratum. Surface projections, namely cilia, cuticular villi, papillae, and papulae increase the contact area or penetrate through the secreted adhesive to provide direct contact with the substratum. We expect that the same three structural levels investigated here will also affect the performance of artificial adhesive systems. PMID:20233167

Dodou, D; Breedveld, P; de Winter, J C F; Dankelman, J; van Leeuwen, J L

2011-02-01

284

Adhesive, elastomeric gel impregnating composition  

DOEpatents

An improved capacitor roll with alternating film and foil layers is impregnated with an adhesive, elastomeric gel composition. The gel composition is a blend of a plasticizer, a polyol, a maleic anhydride that reacts with the polyol to form a polyester, and a catalyst for the reaction. The impregnant composition is introduced to the film and foil layers while still in a liquid form and then pressure is applied to aid with impregnation. The impregnant composition is cured to form the adhesive, elastomeric gel. Pressure is maintained during curing.

Shaw, David Glenn (Tucson, AZ); Pollard, John Randolph (Tucson, AZ); Brooks, Robert Aubrey (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01

285

Dual-Mode Adhesive Pad  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tool helps worker grip and move along large, smooth structure with no handgrips or footholds. Adheres to surface but easily released by actuating simple mechanism. Includes handle and segmented contact-adhesive pad. Bulk of pad made of soft plastic foam conforming to surface of structure. Each segment reinforced with rib. In sticking mode, ribs braced by side catches. In peeling mode, side catches retracted, and segmented adhesive pad loses its stiffness. Modified versions useful in inspecting hulls of ships and scaling walls in rescue operations.

Hartz, Leslie

1994-01-01

286

Controllable adhesion using field-activated fluids  

E-print Network

We demonstrate that field-responsive magnetorheological fluids can be used for variable-strength controllable adhesion. The adhesive performance is measured experimentally in tensile tests (a.k.a. probe-tack experiments) ...

Ewoldt, Randy H.

287

Bistability of Cell Adhesion in Shear Flow  

E-print Network

Cell adhesion plays a central role in multicellular organisms helping to maintain their integrity and homeostasis. This complex process involves many different types of adhesion proteins, and synergetic behavior of these ...

Efremov, Artem

288

Anisotropic dry adhesive via cap defects.  

PubMed

We demonstrate how introducing a deliberate defect on the overhanging caps of strongly adhering mushroom shaped dry adhesive fibers can produce directional adhesion behavior. We find that the shape and location of this defect controls both the total adhesion force and the degree of directionality for these bio-inspired adhesives. Linear beam theory is used to demonstrate how the application of a shear load to a fiber in tension can create a small compressive load to an asymmetric crack, thereby delaying adhesion failure and producing directional adhesion, and the theory is confirmed with finite element models and empirical data. Anisotropic adhesives have been fabricated and tested and can demonstrate normal adhesion force up to ~250 kPa with a shear displacement of 15 µm away from the defect and as small as ~5 kPa when sheared the same amount towards the defect. PMID:24091647

Khaled, Walid Bin; Sameoto, Dan

2013-12-01

289

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4010 Tissue adhesive...of brain arteriovenous malformation or for use in ophthalmic surgery, is a device used for adhesion of internal tissues and...

2012-04-01

290

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4010 Tissue adhesive...of brain arteriovenous malformation or for use in ophthalmic surgery, is a device used for adhesion of internal tissues and...

2011-04-01

291

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a device...

2013-04-01

292

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4010 Tissue adhesive...of brain arteriovenous malformation or for use in ophthalmic surgery, is a device used for adhesion of internal tissues and...

2010-04-01

293

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a device...

2014-04-01

294

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a device...

2012-04-01

295

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a device...

2011-04-01

296

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4010 Tissue adhesive...of brain arteriovenous malformation or for use in ophthalmic surgery, is a device used for adhesion of internal tissues and...

2014-04-01

297

21 CFR 878.4010 - Tissue adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4010 Tissue adhesive...of brain arteriovenous malformation or for use in ophthalmic surgery, is a device used for adhesion of internal tissues and...

2013-04-01

298

21 CFR 878.4380 - Drape adhesive.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4380 Drape adhesive. (a) Identification. A drape adhesive is a device...

2010-04-01

299

21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (8) 2-Hydroxy-1...the pressure-sensitive adhesive. (9) Butanedioic acid...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (b) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or...

2010-04-01

300

21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (8) 2-Hydroxy-1...the pressure-sensitive adhesive. (9) Butanedioic acid...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (b) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or...

2012-04-01

301

21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (8) 2-Hydroxy-1...the pressure-sensitive adhesive. (9) Butanedioic acid...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (b) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or...

2013-04-01

302

21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (8) 2-Hydroxy-1...the pressure-sensitive adhesive. (9) Butanedioic acid...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (b) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or...

2011-04-01

303

21 CFR 175.125 - Pressure-sensitive adhesives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (8) 2-Hydroxy-1...the pressure-sensitive adhesive. (9) Butanedioic acid...finished pressure-sensitive adhesive. (b) Pressure-sensitive adhesives prepared from one or...

2014-04-01

304

CD47 plays a critical role in T-cell recruitment by regulation of LFA-1 and VLA-4 integrin adhesive functions.  

PubMed

CD47 plays an important but incompletely understood role in the innate and adaptive immune responses. CD47, also called integrin-associated protein, has been demonstrated to associate in cis with ?1 and ?3 integrins. Here we test the hypothesis that CD47 regulates adhesive functions of T-cell ?4?1 (VLA-4) and ?L?2 (LFA-1) in in vivo and in vitro models of inflammation. Intravital microscopy studies reveal that CD47(-/-) Th1 cells exhibit reduced interactions with wild-type (WT) inflamed cremaster muscle microvessels. Similarly, murine CD47(-/-) Th1 cells, as compared with WT, showed defects in adhesion and transmigration across tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?)-activated murine endothelium and in adhesion to immobilized intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM-1) under flow conditions. Human Jurkat T-cells lacking CD47 also showed reduced adhesion to TNF-?-activated endothelium and ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. In cis interactions between Jurkat T-cell ?2 integrins and CD47 were detected by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy. Unexpectedly, Jurkat CD47 null cells exhibited a striking defect in ?1 and ?2 integrin activation in response to Mn(2+) or Mg(2+)/ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid treatment. Our results demonstrate that CD47 associates with ?2 integrins and is necessary to induce high-affinity conformations of LFA-1 and VLA-4 that recognize their endothelial cell ligands and support leukocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration. PMID:24006483

Azcutia, Veronica; Routledge, Matthew; Williams, Marcie R; Newton, Gail; Frazier, William A; Manica, Andrè; Croce, Kevin J; Parkos, Charles A; Schmider, Angela B; Turman, Melissa V; Soberman, Roy J; Luscinskas, Francis W

2013-11-01

305

CD47 plays a critical role in T-cell recruitment by regulation of LFA-1 and VLA-4 integrin adhesive functions  

PubMed Central

CD47 plays an important but incompletely understood role in the innate and adaptive immune responses. CD47, also called integrin-associated protein, has been demonstrated to associate in cis with ?1 and ?3 integrins. Here we test the hypothesis that CD47 regulates adhesive functions of T-cell ?4?1 (VLA-4) and ?L?2 (LFA-1) in in vivo and in vitro models of inflammation. Intravital microscopy studies reveal that CD47?/? Th1 cells exhibit reduced interactions with wild-type (WT) inflamed cremaster muscle microvessels. Similarly, murine CD47?/? Th1 cells, as compared with WT, showed defects in adhesion and transmigration across tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?)–activated murine endothelium and in adhesion to immobilized intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM-1) under flow conditions. Human Jurkat T-cells lacking CD47 also showed reduced adhesion to TNF-?–activated endothelium and ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. In cis interactions between Jurkat T-cell ?2 integrins and CD47 were detected by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy. Unexpectedly, Jurkat CD47 null cells exhibited a striking defect in ?1 and ?2 integrin activation in response to Mn2+ or Mg2+/ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid treatment. Our results demonstrate that CD47 associates with ?2 integrins and is necessary to induce high-affinity conformations of LFA-1 and VLA-4 that recognize their endothelial cell ligands and support leukocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration. PMID:24006483

Azcutia, Veronica; Routledge, Matthew; Williams, Marcie R.; Newton, Gail; Frazier, William A.; Manica, Andrè; Croce, Kevin J.; Parkos, Charles A.; Schmider, Angela B.; Turman, Melissa V.; Soberman, Roy J.; Luscinskas, Francis W.

2013-01-01

306

Omentin inhibits TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells via ERK/NF-{kappa}B pathway  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin inhibited TNF-{alpha}-induced adhesion of THP-1 cells to HUVECs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin reduces expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 induced by TNF-{alpha} in HUVECs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin inhibits TNF-{alpha}-induced ERK and NF-{kappa}B activation in HUVECs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Omentin supreeses TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 via ERK/NF-{kappa}B pathway. -- Abstract: In the present study, we investigated whether omentin affected the expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} (TNF-{alpha}) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Our data showed that omentin decreased TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in HUVECs. In addition, omentin inhibited TNF-{alpha}-induced adhesion of THP-1 cells to HUVECs. Further, we found that omentin inhibited TNF-{alpha}-activated signal pathway of nuclear factor-{kappa}B (NF-{kappa}B) by preventing NF-{kappa}B inhibitory protein (I{kappa}B{alpha}) degradation and NF-{kappa}B/DNA binding activity. Omentin pretreatment significantly inhibited TNF-{alpha}-induced ERK activity and ERK phosphorylation in HUVECs. Pretreatment with PD98059 suppressed TNF-{alpha}-induced NF-{kappa}B activity. Omentin, NF-kB inhibitor (BAY11-7082) and ERK inhibitor (PD98059) reduced the up-regulation of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 induced by TNF-{alpha}. These results suggest that omentin may inhibit TNF-{alpha}-induced expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells via blocking ERK/NF-{kappa}B pathway.

Zhong, Xia, E-mail: zhongxia1977@126.com [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)] [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China); Li, Xiaonan; Liu, Fuli; Tan, Hui [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)] [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China); Shang, Deya, E-mail: wenhuashenghuo1@163.com [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)] [Department of Emergency, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250021 (China)

2012-08-24

307

Alterations in cell adhesion proteins and cardiomyopathy  

PubMed Central

Cell adhesive junction is specialized intercellular structure composed of cell adhesion proteins. They are essential to connect adjacent heart muscle cell and make heart contraction effectively and properly. Clinical and genetic studies have revealed close relationship between cell adhesive proteins and the occurrence of various cardiomyopathies. Here we will review recent development on the disease phenotype, potential cellular and molecular mechanism related to cell adhesion molecules, with particular disease pathogenesis learned from genetic manipulated murine models. PMID:24944760

Li, Jifen

2014-01-01

308

The Synergy Peptide PHSRN and the Adhesion Peptide RGD Mediate Cell Adhesion through a Common Mechanism  

E-print Network

The Synergy Peptide PHSRN and the Adhesion Peptide RGD Mediate Cell Adhesion through a Common the adhesion of cells. The attachment of baby hamster kidney cells and 3T3 Swiss fibroblasts to model-vinculin and phalloidin revealed clear cytoskeletal filaments and focal adhesions for cells attached by way of either RGD

Mrksich, Milan

309

Computational Chemistry of Adhesive Bonds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This investigation is intended to determine the electrical mechanical, and chemical properties of adhesive bonds at the molecular level. The initial determinations will be followed by investigations of the effects of environmental effects on the chemistry and properties of the bond layer.

Phillips, Donald H.

1999-01-01

310

Photoresist substrate having robust adhesion  

DOEpatents

A substrate material for LIGA applications w hose general composition is Ti/Cu/Ti/SiO.sub.2. The SiO.sub.2 is preferably applied to the Ti/Cu/Ti wafer as a sputtered coating, typically about 100 nm thick. This substrate composition provides improved adhesion for epoxy-based photoresist materials, and particularly the photoresist material SU-8.

Dentinger, Paul M. (Sunol, CA)

2005-07-26

311

Fluorescence Reveals Contamination From Adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contamination of nearby surfaces from ingredients in some adhesive materials detected by ultraviolet illumination and observation of resulting fluorescence. Identification of contaminants via telltale fluorescence not new; rather, significance lies in method of implementation and potential extension to wider variety of materials and applications.

Nikolia, William

1992-01-01

312

Brittle fracture of adhesive joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of mode mix upon crack path is examined for a brittle epoxy adhesive. The mode mix is varied over wide limits by using asymmetrical double cantilever beam and Brazil nut specimen configurations. The observed crack paths are interfacial, in-layer, and alternating from one interface to the other in a periodic fashion. The probability of occurrence and toughness of

A. R. Akisanya; N. A. Fleck

1992-01-01

313

Environmental durability of adhesively bonded joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this project was to evaluate the environmental durability of adhesively bonded aircraft joints using fracture mechanics. Three aerospace adhesives, two epoxies and one polyimide, were investigated. Adhesive specimens were tested for tensile and toughness behavior. Bonded joint specimens were subject to Mode I, Mode II, and mixed mode fracture and fatigue tests. Prior to testing, selected specimens

Lawrence Michael Butkus

1997-01-01

314

Prevention of Adhesion to Prosthetic Mesh  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess whether use of antiadhesive liquids or coatings could prevent adhesion formation to prosthetic mesh. Summary Background Data Incisional hernia repair frequently involves the use of prosthetic mesh. However, concern exists about development of adhesions between viscera and the mesh, predisposing to intestinal obstruction or enterocutaneous fistulas. Methods In 91 rats, a defect in the muscular abdominal wall was created, and mesh was fixed intraperitoneally to cover the defect. Rats were divided in five groups: polypropylene mesh only (control group), addition of Sepracoat or Icodextrin solution to polypropylene mesh, Sepramesh (polypropylene mesh with Seprafilm coating), and Parietex composite mesh (polyester mesh with collagen coating). Seven and 30 days postoperatively, adhesions were assessed and wound healing was studied by microscopy. Results Intraperitoneal placement of polypropylene mesh was followed by bowel adhesions to the mesh in 50% of the cases. A mean of 74% of the mesh surface was covered by adhesions after 7 days, and 48% after 30 days. Administration of Sepracoat or Icodextrin solution had no influence on adhesion formation. Coated meshes (Sepramesh and Parietex composite mesh) had no bowel adhesions. Sepramesh was associated with a significant reduction of the mesh surface covered by adhesions after 7 and 30 days. Infection was more prevalent with Parietex composite mesh, with concurrent increased mesh surface covered by adhesions after 30 days (78%). Conclusions Sepramesh significantly reduced mesh surface covered by adhesions and prevented bowel adhesion to the mesh. Parietex composite mesh prevented bowel adhesions as well but increased infection rates in the current model. PMID:12496539

van ’t Riet, Martijne; de Vos van Steenwijk, Peggy J.; Bonthuis, Fred; Marquet, Richard L.; Steyerberg, Ewout W.; Jeekel, Johannes; Bonjer, H. Jaap

2003-01-01

315

Nonwoven glass fiber mat reinforces polyurethane adhesive  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nonwoven glass fiber mat reinforces the adhesive properties of a polyurethane adhesive that fastens hardware to exterior surfaces of aluminum tanks. The mat is embedded in the uncured adhesive. It ensures good control of the bond line and increases the peel strength.

Roseland, L. M.

1967-01-01

316

The Deformation and Adhesion of Elastic Bodies  

E-print Network

The Deformation and Adhesion of Elastic Bodies in Contact Phil Attard and John L. Parker Department­7971 (1992). Abstract The elastic deformation and adhesion of two con­ vex bodies that interact via surface. A Lennard­Jones law is used to examine the clas­ sical theories of adhesion, which relate the sur­ face

Attard, Phil

317

Cellulose Graft Copolymers for Potential Adhesive Applications  

E-print Network

Chapter 24 Cellulose Graft Copolymers for Potential Adhesive Applications Bonding of Plastics interfacial adhesion between the wood and polystyrene components because of their inherent incompatibility, Corvallis, OR 97331 0097-6156/89/0385-0337$06.00/0 Q 1989 American Chemical Society #12;338 ADHESIVES FROM

Narayan, Ramani

318

Induction of T cell adhesion to extracellular matrix or endothelial cell ligands by soluble or matrix-bound interleukin-7.  

PubMed

The putative effects of interleukin (IL)-7, operating in the context of extracellular matrix (ECM), on the adhesion of human T cells were examined. Recombinant human, IL-7 was found to bind ECM or fibronectin (FN) with IC50 values of 10-100 nM. Nanogram amounts of both soluble and, especially, FN- or ECM-bound IL-7, which differentially affected the morphologies of FN-adherent T cells, induced the adhesion of resting CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in dose-dependent and beta 1 integrin-dependent manners. Under static and flow conditions, soluble IL-7 also induced the binding of unstimulated T cells to vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, suggesting that this cytokine can also modulate integrin binding to endothelial cell ligands. The effects of affinity modulation by IL-7 of FN-specific beta 1 integrins depend on the presence of soluble FN, which inhibited T cell adhesion to FN induced by FN-bound IL-7 or by an integrin-specific affinity-modulating monoclonal antibody, but not by soluble IL-7 or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. These findings provide an example of a major ECM integrin ligand, FN, which is capable of modulating its adhesive interactions with specific immune cells by associating with and presenting a cytokine in a bio-active state. PMID:9368611

Ariel, A; Hershkoviz, R; Cahalon, L; Williams, D E; Akiyama, S K; Yamada, K M; Chen, C; Alon, R; Lapidot, T; Lider, O

1997-10-01

319

Pentraxin 3 as a biomarker of local inflammatory response to vascular injury in systemic lupus erythematosus.  

PubMed

Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with organ injury related to vasculitis. Inflammation of blood vessels results from auto-immunological activation of endothelial cells. The pentraxin 3 (PTX3), might act as an indicator of vasculitides in many diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether PTX3 might be useful as a marker of vascular injury in SLE. This study was carried out in a group of 56 SLE women, and in the 28 female volunteers control group. All participants' plasma and serum samples were collected to estimate concentrations (ELISA) of PTX3, soluble thrombomodulin, soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin), soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin), soluble form of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1), soluble inter-cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) activity. Anthropometric, demographic and lifestyle characteristics of SLE patients were also performed. The SLE patients had higher PTX3, vWF, MCP-1, sE-selectin and sVCAM-1 levels than the controls (1.82?±?1.56?ng/mL, 237?±?101%, 70.05?±?18.31?ng/mL, 111.16?±?49.15?ng/mL and 978.78?±?462.35?ng/mL vs. 0.86?±?0.40?ng/mL, 138?±?43%, 58.56?±?13.91?ng/mL, 66.04?±?27.18?ng/mL and 499.07?±?125.67?ng/mL, respectively). The independent factors affecting PTX3 expression included Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index, prednisone dose and anemia severity. Moreover, the PTX3 areas under the curve-receiver operating characteristics curves 0.717?±?0.056 with cut-off level of 1.96?ng/mL was comparable to vWF, MCP-1, sE-selectin, sP-selectin and sICAM-1. PTX3 and sVCAM-1 were the only factors related to SLE activity. Other vascular injury indicators associated with PTX3 were vWF and sVCAM-1. In conclusion, PTX3 concentrations in SLE patients might serve as a indicator of the activation/dysfunction of vascular endothelium. PMID:25401491

Cie?lik, Pawe?; Hrycek, Antoni

2014-11-17

320

Viscoelastic analysis of adhesively bonded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper an adhesively bonded lap joint is analyzed by assuming that the adherends are elastic and the adhesive is linearly viscoelastic. After formulating the general problem a specific example for two identical adherends bonded through a three parameter viscoelastic solid adhesive is considered. The standard Laplace transform technique is used to solve the problem. The stress distribution in the adhesive layer is calculated for three different external loads namely, membrane loading, bending, and transverse shear loading. The results indicate that the peak value of the normal stress in the adhesive is not only consistently higher than the corresponding shear stress but also decays slower.

Delale, F.; Erdogan, F.

1981-01-01

321

Viscoelastic analysis of adhesively bonded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An adhesively bonded lap joint is analyzed by assuming that the adherends are elastic and the adhesive is linearly viscoelastic. After formulating the general problem a specific example for two identical adherends bonded through a three parameter viscoelastic solid adhesive is considered. The standard Laplace transform technique is used to solve the problem. The stress distribution in the adhesive layer is calculated for three different external loads, namely, membrane loading, bending, and transverse shear loading. The results indicate that the peak value of the normal stress in the adhesive is not only consistently higher than the corresponding shear stress but also decays slower.

Delale, F.; Erdogan, F.

1980-01-01

322

Nature of the adhesion bond between epoxy adhesive and steel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The potential difference that appears in the epoxy resin located between two grade 3 steel plates is studied. One of them is stored in epoxy resin to reach equilibrium, and the second plate is coated with an asprepared mixture of epoxy resin with a hardener. It is found that the potential difference decreases in time because of charge transfer by Fe2+ ions through epoxy resin. The luminescence and infrared absorption spectra of the epoxy adhesive on the grade 3 steel surface are recorded. An analysis of these spectra shows that Fe2+ ions penetrate into the as-prepared mixture of epoxy resin with the hardener, and interact with CN groups in the mixture, and form coordination compounds. As a result, a diffusion layer saturated by the coordination compounds forms at the interface between the steel and the adhesive.

Vettegren', V. I.; Mamalimov, R. I.; Savitskii, A. V.; Shcherbakov, I. P.; Sytov, V. V.; Sytov, V. A.

2014-03-01

323

Theory of adhesion: Role of surface roughness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss how surface roughness influences the adhesion between elastic solids. We introduce a Tabor number which depends on the length scale or magnification, and which gives information about the nature of the adhesion at different length scales. We consider two limiting cases relevant for (a) elastically hard solids with weak (or long ranged) adhesive interaction (DMT-limit) and (b) elastically soft solids with strong (or short ranged) adhesive interaction (JKR-limit). For the former cases we study the nature of the adhesion using different adhesive force laws (F ˜ u-n, n = 1.5-4, where u is the wall-wall separation). In general, adhesion may switch from DMT-like at short length scales to JKR-like at large (macroscopic) length scale. We compare the theory predictions to results of exact numerical simulations and find good agreement between theory and simulation results.

Persson, B. N. J.; Scaraggi, M.

2014-09-01

324

Theory of adhesion: role of surface roughness.  

PubMed

We discuss how surface roughness influences the adhesion between elastic solids. We introduce a Tabor number which depends on the length scale or magnification, and which gives information about the nature of the adhesion at different length scales. We consider two limiting cases relevant for (a) elastically hard solids with weak (or long ranged) adhesive interaction (DMT-limit) and (b) elastically soft solids with strong (or short ranged) adhesive interaction (JKR-limit). For the former cases we study the nature of the adhesion using different adhesive force laws (F ? u(-n), n = 1.5-4, where u is the wall-wall separation). In general, adhesion may switch from DMT-like at short length scales to JKR-like at large (macroscopic) length scale. We compare the theory predictions to results of exact numerical simulations and find good agreement between theory and simulation results. PMID:25273455

Persson, B N J; Scaraggi, M

2014-09-28

325

Dental adhesion: mechanism, techniques and durability.  

PubMed

Contemporary dental adhesives show favorable immediate results in terms of bonding effectiveness. However, the durability of resin-dentin bonds is their major problem. It appears that simplification of adhesive techniques is rather detrimental to the long-term stability of resin-tooth interface. The hydrostatic pulpal pressure, the dentinal fluid flow and the increased dentinal wetness in vital dentin can affect the intimate interaction of certain dentin adhesives with dentinal tissue. Bond degradation occurs via water sorption, hydrolysis of ester linkages of methacrylate resins, and activation of endogenous dentin matrix metalloproteinases. The three-step etch-and-rinse adhesives still remain the gold standard in terms of durability. This review discusses the fundamental process of adhesion to enamel and dentin with different adhesive techniques, factors affecting the long-term bonding performance of modern adhesives and addresses the current perspectives for improving bond durability. PMID:22838222

Manuja, N; Nagpal, R; Pandit, I K

2012-01-01

326

Theory of adhesion: role of surface roughness  

E-print Network

We discuss how surface roughness influence the adhesion between elastic solids. We introduce a Tabor number which depends on the length scale or magnification, and which gives information about the nature of the adhesion at different length scales. We consider two limiting cases relevant for (a) elastically hard solids with weak adhesive interaction (DMT-limit) and (b) elastically soft solids or strong adhesive interaction (JKR-limit). For the former cases we study the nature of the adhesion using different adhesive force laws ($F\\sim u^{-n}$, $n=1.5-4$, where $u$ is the wall-wall separation). In general, adhesion may switch from DMT-like at short length scales to JKR-like at large (macroscopic) length scale. We compare the theory predictions to the results of exact numerical simulations and find good agreement between theory and the simulation results.

Bo N. J. Persson; Michele Scaraggi

2014-05-13

327

Polymer nanocarriers for dentin adhesion.  

PubMed

To obtain more durable adhesion to dentin, and to protect collagen fibrils of the dentin matrix from degradation, calcium- and phosphate-releasing particles have been incorporated into the dental adhesive procedure. The aim of the present study was to incorporate zinc-loaded polymeric nanocarriers into a dental adhesive system to facilitate inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-mediated collagen degradation and to provide calcium ions for mineral deposition within the resin-dentin bonded interface. PolymP- N : Active nanoparticles (nanoMyP) were zinc-loaded through 30-minute ZnCl2 immersion and tested for bioactivity by means of 7 days' immersion in simulated body fluid solution (the Kokubo test). Zinc-loading and calcium phosphate depositions were examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, elemental analysis, and x-ray diffraction. Nanoparticles in ethanol solution infiltrated into phosphoric-acid-etched human dentin and Single Bond (3M/ESPE) were applied to determine whether the nanoparticles interfered with bonding. Debonded sticks were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. A metalloproteinase collagen degradation assay was also performed in resin-infiltrated dentin with and without nanoparticles, measuring C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) concentration in supernatants, after 4 wk of immersion in artificial saliva. Numerical data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparisons tests (p < .05). Nanoparticles were effectively zinc-loaded and were shown to have a chelating effect, retaining calcium regardless of zinc incorporation. Nanoparticles failed to infiltrate demineralized intertubular dentin and remained on top of the hybrid layer, without altering bond strength. Calcium and phosphorus were found covering nanoparticles at the hybrid layer, after 24 h. Nanoparticle application in etched dentin also reduced MMP-mediated collagen degradation. Tested nanoparticles may be incorporated into dental adhesive systems to provide the appropriate environment in which dentin MMP collagen degradation is inhibited and mineral growth can occur. PMID:25227634

Osorio, R; Osorio, E; Medina-Castillo, A L; Toledano, M

2014-12-01

328

Tissue Adhesives as Active Implants  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Tissue adhesives are substances that hold tissues together, and could be broadly applicable in medicine and surgery. In appropriate\\u000a circumstances, such materials could be attractive alternatives to sutures and staples since they can be applied more quickly,\\u000a causes less pain and may require less equipment. In addition, there is no risk to the practitioner from sharp instruments\\u000a (Singer et al.,

Boaz Mizrahi; Christopher Weldon; Daniel S. Kohane

329

Stick to It: Adhesion II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Water sticks to all kinds of things in nature — flowers, leaves, spider webs - and doesn't stick to others, such as a duck's back. In this activity, learners explore water adhesion (when water sticks to something else) and cohesion (when water sticks to itself), and how these forces combine to move water along a string. As part of the activity learners come to understand what "variable" means in the context of an experiment.

New Jersey

2006-01-01

330

Myocardial perfusion reserve in cardiovascular magnetic resonance: Correlation to coronary microvascular dysfunction.  

PubMed

The present study examined the association of myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) in cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) with coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) and serum levels of markers of inflammation or endothelial activation. Twelve patients with typical angina pectoris without coronary artery disease were enrolled in this study, and CMR perfusion was analyzed using a steady-state-free-precession sequence with 3 short axis slices per heartbeat during first pass of 0.025 mmol Gadolinium-DTPA/kg body weight. The upslope of myocardial signal intensity curves was used to calculate MPRI. CMD was assessed by intracoronary Doppler flow measurement and biplane angiography. Both MPRI and CMD were assessed during endothelium-independent stimulation with intravenous adenosine and during endothelium-dependent stimulation with intracoronary infusion of acetylcholine. Serum values of soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured. Impaired MPRI correlated significantly with a decrease in coronary blood flow reserve after both endothelium-dependent (p = 0.033) and endothelium-independent (p = 0.022) stimulation. Serum levels above the median of all normal ranged biomarkers sCD40L, TNF-alpha, IL-6, sICAM-1 and CRP were associated with an impaired MPRI for stimulation with adenosine as well as acetylcholine. In multivariable analyses, sCD40L (p < 0.001) and TNF-alpha (p = 0.011) were significantly associated with a decrease in MPRI on adenosine, as were TNF-alpha (p = 0.016) and sICAM-1 (p = 0.022) for a decrease in MPRI on acetylcholine. MPRI on adenosine significantly correlated with MPRI on acetylcholine (p < 0.001). Therefore, the present study demonstrates safety and feasibility of an intracoronary infusion of acetylcholine during CMR perfusion analysis, thus allowing direct assessment of endothelial dependent vasomotor function at the myocardial level by CMR. Furthermore, we show that an impaired myocardial perfusion reserved in CMR is associated with established biomarkers of early atherosclerosis and significantly correlated with CMD. CMR combined with adenosine could be proposed as a non-invasive tool to evaluate CMD. PMID:17060099

Wöhrle, Jochen; Nusser, Thorsten; Merkle, Nico; Kestler, Hans A; Grebe, Olaf C; Marx, Nikolaus; Höher, Martin; Kochs, Matthias; Hombach, Vinzenz

2006-01-01

331

Synovial phenotypes in rheumatoid arthritis correlate with response to biologic therapeutics  

PubMed Central

Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex and clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Currently, the relationship between pathogenic molecular drivers of disease in RA and therapeutic response is poorly understood. Methods We analyzed synovial tissue samples from two RA cohorts of 49 and 20 patients using a combination of global gene expression, histologic and cellular analyses, and analysis of gene expression data from two further publicly available RA cohorts. To identify candidate serum biomarkers that correspond to differential synovial biology and clinical response to targeted therapies, we performed pre-treatment biomarker analysis compared with therapeutic outcome at week 24 in serum samples from 198 patients from the ADACTA (ADalimumab ACTemrA) phase 4 trial of tocilizumab (anti-IL-6R) monotherapy versus adalimumab (anti-TNF?) monotherapy. Results We documented evidence for four major phenotypes of RA synovium – lymphoid, myeloid, low inflammatory, and fibroid - each with distinct underlying gene expression signatures. We observed that baseline synovial myeloid, but not lymphoid, gene signature expression was higher in patients with good compared with poor European league against rheumatism (EULAR) clinical response to anti-TNF? therapy at week 16 (P =0.011). We observed that high baseline serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM1), associated with the myeloid phenotype, and high serum C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13), associated with the lymphoid phenotype, had differential relationships with clinical response to anti-TNF? compared with anti-IL6R treatment. sICAM1-high/CXCL13-low patients showed the highest week 24 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 50 response rate to anti-TNF? treatment as compared with sICAM1-low/CXCL13-high patients (42% versus 13%, respectively, P =0.05) while anti-IL-6R patients showed the opposite relationship with these biomarker subgroups (ACR50 20% versus 69%, P =0.004). Conclusions These data demonstrate that underlying molecular and cellular heterogeneity in RA impacts clinical outcome to therapies targeting different biological pathways, with patients with the myeloid phenotype exhibiting the most robust response to anti-TNF?. These data suggest a path to identify and validate serum biomarkers that predict response to targeted therapies in rheumatoid arthritis and possibly other autoimmune diseases. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01119859 PMID:25167216

2014-01-01

332

Adhesive evaluation of new polyimides  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the past 10 to 15 years, the Materials Division at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) has developed several novel high temperature polyimide adhesives for anticipated needs of the aerospace industry. These developments have resulted from fundamental studies of structure-property relationships in polyimides. Recent research at LaRC has involved the synthesis and evaluation of copolyimides which incorporate both flexibilizing bridging groups and meta-linked benzene rings. The purpose was to develop systems based on low cost, readily available monomers. Two of these copolyimides evaluated as adhesives for bonding titanium alloy, Ti(6Al-4V), are identified as LARC-STPI and STPI-LARC-2. Lap shear strength (LSS) measurements were used to determine the strength and durability of the adhesive materials. LSS results are presented for LARC-TPI and LARC-STPI lap shear specimens thermally exposed in air at 232 C for up to 5000 hrs. LARC-TPI was shown to perform better than the copolymer LARC-STPI which exhibited poor thermooxidative performance possibly due to the amines used which would tend to oxidize easier than the benzophenone system in LARC-TPI.

Stclair, Terry L.; Progar, Donald J.

1987-01-01

333

Effects of an energy-restricted diet rich in plant-derived ?-linolenic acid on systemic inflammation and endothelial function in overweight-to-obese patients with metabolic syndrome traits.  

PubMed

Plant-derived ?-linolenic acid (ALA) may reduce the risk of CVD, possibly by decreasing systemic inflammation and improving endothelial function. In the present study, the effects of a hypoenergetic diet rich in ALA (3·4 g/d) on the biomarkers of systemic inflammation and vascular function were investigated in eighty-one overweight-to-obese patients with metabolic syndrome traits in comparison with a hypoenergetic diet low in ALA (0·9 g/d, control). After a 6-month dietary intervention, there were significant decreases in the serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), TNF-?, IL-6, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble endothelial selectin (sE-selectin) and asymmetric dimethylarginine in both dietary groups. However, no inter-group differences were observed for all these changes. The serum concentration of YKL-40 (human cartilage glycoprotein 39 or chitinase-3-like protein 1) decreased after the ALA diet when compared with the control diet (P< 0·05 for time × treatment interaction). Plasma concentrations of fibrinogen did not significantly change in the two dietary groups. The decreases in the serum concentrations of sICAM-1, sE-selectin, CRP and YKL-40 were significantly correlated with the decreases in body fat mass. In conclusion, the present study indicates that in overweight-to-obese patients with metabolic syndrome traits, both vascular function and inflammation are improved during body-weight loss. The high ALA intake led to a more pronounced reduction in the serum concentration of YKL-40 compared with the intake of the low-ALA control diet, indicating the existence of independent favourable physiological effects of ALA during weight loss. PMID:25180479

Egert, Sarah; Baxheinrich, Andrea; Lee-Barkey, Young Hee; Tschoepe, Diethelm; Wahrburg, Ursel; Stratmann, Bernd

2014-10-28

334

Immunological responses to respiratory syncytial virus infection in infancy  

PubMed Central

Accepted 4 November 1996? OBJECTIVES—To determine whether there is evidence of immunological responses in infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis by measuring inflammatory mediators in peripheral blood and, if found, whether these related to the severity of illness.?PATIENTS AND METHODS—Blood was taken from 94 children with RSV infection during the acute episode and 10 or more days later when the child was well. Control serum samples were obtained from well children of similar ages. Serum samples were assayed for mediators of lymphocyte activity (interleukin-4 (IL-4), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sCD25), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), eosinophil activity (eosinophil cationic protein) and neutrophil activity (myeloperoxidase). Symptoms were assessed as very mild (coryza only), mild (symptoms of lower respiratory tract infection), moderate (requiring nasogastric or intravenous fluids), and severe (requiring oxygen or ventilation).?RESULTS—IL-4 concentrations were at the lower limits of detection of the assay. The concentrations of sCD-25 were greater in samples from patients with acute illness than from convalescent patients and both were greater than in control samples. sICAM-1 concentrations were similar in samples from patients with acute illness and convalescent patients, but both were greater than in samples from controls. Eosinophil cationic protein concentrations were lower in samples from patients with acute illness than in those from convalescent patients; there was no difference between samples from convalescent and control patients. Myeloperoxidase concentrations were similar in all samples. There was no correlation between the severity of infection and the concentrations of any inflammatory mediators.?CONCLUSIONS—There is evidence of an inflammatory response in the peripheral blood of infants with acute bronchiolitis which may affect lymphocytes and eosinophils, but an association between this response and the severity of illness was not shown here.?? PMID:9135260

Smyth, R; Fletcher, J; Thomas, H; Hart, C

1997-01-01

335

76 FR 59087 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Delaware; Adhesives and Sealants Rule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...commercially-used adhesive and sealant products...4.0--Adhesives and Sealants under Regulation...and use of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, or sealant primers...application of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, and sealant primers...

2011-09-23

336

76 FR 51925 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Maryland; Adhesives and Sealants Rule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...application of all adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, and sealant primers do...and use of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers or sealant primers, in...application of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, and sealant primers...

2011-08-19

337

Chitosan Adhesive Films for Photochemical Tissue Bonding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photochemical tissue bonding (PTB) is a promising sutureless technique for tissue repair. PTB is often achieved by applying a solution of rose bengal (RB) between two tissue edges, which are irradiated by a green laser to crosslink collagen fibers with minimal heat production. In this study, RB has been incorporated in chitosan films to create a novel tissue adhesive that is laser-activated. Materials and Methods. Adhesive films, based on chitosan and containing ˜0.1wt% RB were manufactured and bonded to calf intestine by a solid state laser (wavelength = 532 nm, Fluence ˜110 J/cm2, spot size ˜5 mm). A single-column tensiometer, interfaced with a personal computer, tested the bonding strength. K-type thermocouples recorded the temperature (T) at the adhesive-tissue interface during laser irradiation. Human fibroblasts were also seeded on the adhesive and cultured for 48 hours to assess cell growth. Results and Conclusion. The RB-chitosan adhesive bonded firmly to the intestine (15±2 kPa, n = 31). The adhesion strength dropped to 0.5±0.1 kPa (n = 8) when the laser was not applied to the adhesive. The average temperature of the adhesive increased from 26 °C to 32 °C during laser exposure. Fibroblasts grew confluent on the adhesive without morphological changes. A new biocompatible chitosan adhesive has been developed that bonds photochemically to tissue with minimal temperature increase.

Lauto, Antonio; Mawad, Damia; Barton, Matthew; Piller, Sabine C.; Longo, Leonardo

2011-08-01

338

Epidermal Cadm1 expression promotes autoimmune alopecia via enhanced T cell adhesion and cytotoxicity.  

PubMed

Autoimmune alopecia is characterized by an extensive epidermal T cell infiltrate that mediates hair follicle destruction. We have investigated the role of cell adhesion molecule 1 (Cadm1; Necl2) in this disease. Cadm1 is expressed by epidermal cells and mediates heterotypic adhesion to lymphocytes expressing class 1-restricted T cell-associated molecule (CRTAM). Using a murine autoimmune alopecia model, we observed an increase in early-activated cytotoxic (CD8-restricted, CRTAM-expressing) T cells, which preferentially associated with hair follicle keratinocytes expressing Cadm1. Coculture with Cadm1-transduced MHC-matched APCs stimulated alopecic lymph node cells to release IL-2 and IFN-?. Overexpression of Cadm1 in cultured human keratinocytes did not promote cytokine secretion, but led to increased adhesion of alopecic cytotoxic T cells and enhanced T cell cytotoxicity in an MHC-independent manner. Epidermal overexpression of Cadm1 in transgenic mice led to increased autoimmune alopecia susceptibility relative to nontransgenic littermate controls. Our findings reveal that Cadm1 expression in the hair follicle plays a role in autoimmune alopecia. PMID:22210910

Giangreco, Adam; Hoste, Esther; Takai, Yoshimi; Rosewell, Ian; Watt, Fiona M

2012-02-01

339

Extracts from cigarette smoke induce DNA damage and cell adhesion molecule expression through different pathways.  

PubMed

Cigarette smoke is a major risk factor for human diseases, such as lung cancer and atherosclerosis. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of non-fractionated water-soluble cigarette smoke extract (NFWS CSE) on DNA damage and cellular adhesion molecule expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). DNA damage and the surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and E-selectin were determined by the use of the comet assay and flow cytometry, respectively. NFWS CSE-induced DNA damage in a dose-dependent manner during a 2 h exposure. Pretreatment with ascorbic acid or alpha-tocopherol completely inhibited the NFWS CSE-induced DNA damage. NFWS CSE exposure also up-regulated the surface expression of ICAM-1 and E-selectin in HUVECs. Pretreatment with ascorbic acid or alpha-tocopherol had no effect on NFWS CSE-induced E-selectin and ICAM-1 expression. In contrast, the non-antioxidant metal chelator 1,10-phenanthroline partially suppressed the surface expression of ICAM-1 and E-selectin. These results suggest that NFWS CSE exposure induces both DNA damage and the surface expression of adhesion molecules in HUVECs. However, the molecular mechanism of these effects may be through different pathways: reactive oxygen species are involved in NFWS CSE-induced DNA damage but have little relation to NFWS CSE-induced E-selectin and ICAM-1 expression. PMID:15560890

Chen, Haw-Wen; Chien, Miao-Lin; Chaung, Yu-Han; Lii, Chong-Kuei; Wang, Tsu-Shing

2004-12-01

340

Tumor cell surface alpha 4 beta 1 integrin mediates adhesion to vascular endothelium: demonstration of an interaction with the N-terminal domains of INCAM-110/VCAM-1.  

PubMed Central

Hematogenous metastasis involves adhesive interactions between blood-borne tumor cells and the vessel wall. By the use of in vitro assays, the adhesion of human melanoma, osteosarcoma, and kidney carcinoma (but not colon carcinoma) cell lines was shown to involve the cytokine-inducible endothelial cell surface protein inducible cell adhesion molecule 110 (INCAM-110) and the alpha 4 beta 1 integrin, molecules normally involved in endothelial-leukocyte interactions. Tumor adhesion to human endothelial cell monolayers was increased 1.9- to 8.2-fold by endothelial activation with the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and inhibited by the anti-INCAM-110 monoclonal antibody (mAb) E1/6. Each of these tumor cells expressed members of the beta 1 integrin family of adhesion molecules, and antibodies to the alpha 4 and beta 1 integrin subunits inhibited tumor-endothelial adhesion (48-87% inhibition). A cDNA encompassing the three N-terminal Ig-like domains of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) encoded a protein recognized by the anti-INCAM-110 mAb E1/6 and, when captured onto plastic, supported melanoma cell adhesion by an alpha 4 integrin-dependent mechanism. In contrast to mAb E1/6, a second anti-INCAM-110 mAb Hu8/4 neither inhibited adhesion to activated endothelium nor bound the first three Ig-like domains of INCAM-110/VCAM-1. These data indicate that the adherence of several human tumors to activated endothelium is mediated by an interaction of alpha 4 beta 1 integrin and the N-terminal Ig-like domains of endothelial INCAM-110/VCAM-1. Tumor acquisition of the alpha 4 integrin subunit and endothelial expression of INCAM-110 may affect the frequency and distribution of metastasis. Images PMID:1716464

Taichman, D B; Cybulsky, M I; Djaffar, I; Longenecker, B M; Teixidó, J; Rice, G E; Aruffo, A; Bevilacqua, M P

1991-01-01

341

Family with Sequence Similarity 5, Member C (FAM5C) Increases Leukocyte Adhesion Molecules in Vascular Endothelial Cells: Implication in Vascular Inflammation  

PubMed Central

Identification of the regulators of vascular inflammation is important if we are to understand the molecular mechanisms leading to atherosclerosis and consequent ischemic heart disease, including acute myocardial infarction. Gene polymorphisms in family with sequence similarity 5, member C (FAM5C) are associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction, but little is known about the function of this gene product in blood vessels. Here, we report that the regulation of the expression and function of FAM5C in endothelial cells. We show here that FAM5C is expressed in endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo. Immunofluorescence microcopy showed localization of FAM5C in the Golgi in cultured human endothelial cells. Immunohistochemistry on serial sections of human coronary artery showed that FAM5C-positive endothelium expressed intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) or vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). In cultured human endothelial cells, the overexpression of FAM5C increased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) activity and the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin mRNAs, resulting in enhanced monocyte adhesion. FAM5C was upregulated in response to inflammatory stimuli, such as TNF-?, in an NF-?B- and JNK-dependent manner. Knockdown of FAM5C by small interfering RNA inhibited the increase in the TNF-?-induced production of ROS, NF-?B activity and expression of these leukocyte adhesion molecule mRNAs, resulting in reduced monocyte adhesion. These results suggest that in endothelial cells, when FAM5C is upregulated in response to inflammatory stimuli, it increases the expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules by increasing ROS production and NF-?B activity. PMID:25251368

Satomi-Kobayashi, Seimi; Hatakeyama, Kinta; Knox, Aaron J.; Asada, Yujiro; Wierman, Margaret E.; Hirata, Ken-ichi; Rikitake, Yoshiyuki

2014-01-01

342

Expression of the cell adhesion molecules ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and NCAM in uveal melanoma: a clinicopathological study.  

PubMed

To investigate the relationship between the expression of the cell adhesion molecules intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in uveal melanoma and the metastatic spread in the first 5 years after diagnosis, we performed a hospital-based case-control study with human tissue from 90 patients who underwent enucleation for primary uveal melanoma (iris melanoma excluded). Thirty-five patients developed metastasis within the first 5 years, and 55 patients lived metastasis-free for at least 5 years after enucleation. The paraffin-embedded and formalin-fixed globes were studied by immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies for ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and NCAM. A strong ICAM-1 positivity (more than 75% of the tumor cells stained positive) was detected in 73 tumors (81%). The expression of 75% or less ICAM-1 positive cells in tumors was strongly associated with the development of metastases (odds ratio: 7.5, p = 0.001). Multiple logistic regression models showed that ICAM-1 is an independent risk factor for metastasis even after control for important prognostic markers like extraocular growth, ciliary body involvement, scleral infiltration and cell type. VCAM-1 was expressed in 24 out of 88 tumors (27.3%) and NCAM only in 14 out of 87 tumors (16%). Only spindle cells stained positive with anti-NCAM. NCAM and VCAM-1 expression was not related to metastasis. Our results show that the loss of ICAM-1 expression is associated with an increased risk of metastasis within the first 5 years after diagnosis. PMID:10644945

Anastassiou, G; Schilling, H; Stang, A; Djakovic, S; Heiligenhaus, A; Bornfeld, N

2000-01-01

343

Electrical detection of kidney injury molecule-1 with AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors  

SciTech Connect

AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) were used to detect kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), an important biomarker for early kidney injury detection. The gate region consisted of 5 nm gold deposited onto the AlGaN surface. The gold was conjugated to highly specific KIM-1 antibodies through a self-assembled monolayer of thioglycolic acid. The HEMT source-drain current showed a clear dependence on the KIM-1 concentration in phosphate-buffered saline solution. The limit of detection was 1 ng/ml using a 20x50 {mu}m{sup 2} gate sensing area. This approach shows potential for both preclinical and clinical kidney injury diagnosis with accurate, rapid, noninvasive, and high throughput capabilities.

Wang, H. T.; Kang, B. S.; Ren, F.; Pearton, S. J.; Johnson, J. W.; Rajagopal, P.; Roberts, J. C.; Piner, E. L.; Linthicum, K. J. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Nitronex Corporation, Durham, North Carolina 27703 (United States)

2007-11-26

344

Atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging suggests that stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) binds to Orai1 with sixfold symmetry.  

PubMed

Depletion of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen triggers the opening of Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels at the plasma membrane. CRAC channels are activated by stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), an ER resident protein that senses Ca(2+) store depletion and interacts with Orai1, the pore-forming subunit of the channel. The subunit stoichiometry of the CRAC channel is controversial. Here we provide evidence, using atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging, that Orai1 assembles as a hexamer, and that STIM1 binds to Orai1 with sixfold symmetry. STIM1 associates with Orai1 in the form of monomers, dimers, and multimeric string-like structures that form links between the Orai1 hexamers. Our results provide new insights into the nature of the interactions between STIM1 and Orai1. PMID:24996186

Balasuriya, Dilshan; Srivats, Shyam; Murrell-Lagnado, Ruth D; Edwardson, J Michael

2014-08-25

345

Cutting edge: DNAX accessory molecule 1-deficient CD8+ T cells display immunological synapse defects that impair antitumor immunity.  

PubMed

DNAX accessory molecule 1 (DNAM-1) is expressed on all CD8(+) T cells and promotes their activation and effector function. DNAM-1 interacts with LFA-1, a critical molecule for immunological synapse formation between T cells and APCs, and for cytotoxic killing of target cells. Mice that lack DNAM-1 display abnormal T cell responses and antitumor activity; however, the mechanism involved is unclear. In this article, we show that DNAM-1 deficiency results in reduced proliferation of CD8(+) T cells after Ag presentation and impaired cytotoxic activity. We also demonstrate that DNAM-1-deficient T cells show reduced conjugations with tumor cells and decreased recruitment of both LFA-1 and lipid rafts to the immunological synapse, which correlates with reduced tumor cell killing in vitro. This synapse defect may explain why DNAM-1-deficient mice cannot clear tumors in vivo, and highlights the importance of DNAM-1 and the immunological synapse in T cell-mediated antitumor immunity. PMID:24337740

Ramsbottom, Kelly M; Hawkins, Edwin D; Shimoni, Raz; McGrath, Mairi; Chan, Christopher J; Russell, Sarah M; Smyth, Mark J; Oliaro, Jane

2014-01-15

346

Adhesive bonding of carbon and ceramic materials  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of phenol resins and high-melting powder fillers, adhesives for bonding carbon and ceramic materials have been developed at NIIGRAFIT that allow adhesively bonded parts to be used at temperatures as high as 1500 to 1800{degrees}C, Some properties of those adhesives are covered in. The present paper describes results of recent investigations of the heat- and corrosion-resistance of the NIIGRAFIT`s adhesives. As the subjects of investigations were taken adhesives differing in the powder filler composition. Moreover, one adhesive (SVK) was subjected to a preliminary heat treatment (1200{degrees}C, 1 h, Ar) to fully complete the interaction processes between powder components and a binder coke.

Kravetskii, G.A.; Anikin, L.T.; Demin, A.V.; Butyrin, G.M. [NIIGrafit, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-12-01

347

Mussel-Inspired Adhesives and Coatings  

PubMed Central

Mussels attach to solid surfaces in the sea. Their adhesion must be rapid, strong, and tough, or else they will be dislodged and dashed to pieces by the next incoming wave. Given the dearth of synthetic adhesives for wet polar surfaces, much effort has been directed to characterizing and mimicking essential features of the adhesive chemistry practiced by mussels. Studies of these organisms have uncovered important adaptive strategies that help to circumvent the high dielectric and solvation properties of water that typically frustrate adhesion. In a chemical vein, the adhesive proteins of mussels are heavily decorated with Dopa, a catecholic functionality. Various synthetic polymers have been functionalized with catechols to provide diverse adhesive, sealant, coating, and anchoring properties, particularly for critical biomedical applications. PMID:22058660

Lee, Bruce P.; Messersmith, P.B.; Israelachvili, J.N.; Waite, J.H.

2011-01-01

348

NR-150B2 adhesive development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesive based polyimide solutions which are more easily processed than conventional aromatic polyimide systems and show potential for use for extended times at 589K are discussed. The adhesive system is based on a solution containing diglyme as the solvent and 2,2 bis(3',4'-dicarboxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane, paraphenylenediamine, and oxydianiline. The replacement of N-methylpyrrolidone with diglyme as the solvent was found to improve the adhesive strengths of lap shear samples and simplify the processing conditions for bonding both titanium and graphite fiber/polyimide matrix resin composites. Information was obtained on the effects of various environments including high humidity, immersion in jet fuel and methylethylketone on aluminum filled adhesive bonds. The adhesive was also evaluated in wide area bonds and flatwise tensile specimens using titanium honeycomb and composite face sheets. It was indicated that the developed adhesive system has the potential for use in applications requiring long term exposure to at least 589K (600 F).

Blatz, P. S.

1978-01-01

349

Measurement systems for cell adhesive forces.  

PubMed

Cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) involves integrin receptor-ligand binding and clustering to form focal adhesion (FA) complexes, which mechanically link the cell's cytoskeleton to the ECM and regulate fundamental cell signaling pathways. Although elucidation of the biochemical events in cell-matrix adhesive interactions is rapidly advancing, recent studies show that the forces underlying cell-matrix adhesive interactions are also critical to cell responses. Therefore, multiple measurement systems have been developed to quantify the spatial and temporal dynamics of cell adhesive forces, and these systems have identified how mechanical events influence cell phenotype and FA structure-function relationships under physiological and pathological settings. This review focuses on the development, methodology, and applications of measurement systems for probing (a) cell adhesion strength and (b) 2D and 3D cell traction forces. PMID:25416835

Zhou, Dennis W; García, Andrés J

2015-02-01

350

Functionally Graded Adhesives for Composite Joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesives with functionally graded material properties are being considered for use in adhesively bonded joints to reduce the peel stress concentrations located near adherend discontinuities. Several practical concerns impede the actual use of such adhesives. These include increased manufacturing complications, alterations to the grading due to adhesive flow during manufacturing, and whether changing the loading conditions significantly impact the effectiveness of the grading. An analytical study is conducted to address these three concerns. An enhanced joint finite element, which uses an analytical formulation to obtain exact shape functions, is used to model the joint. Furthermore, proof of concept testing is conducted to show the potential advantages of functionally graded adhesives. In this study, grading is achieved by strategically placing glass beads within the adhesive layer at different densities along the joint.

Stapleton, Scott E.; Waas, Anthony M.; Arnold, Steven M.

2012-01-01

351

Thermoplastic adhesive bonding and its fracture analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A thermoplastic adhesive bonding process was developed for galvanized steel to polypropylene (PP) composite using a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) based adhesive with a total process cycle of less than 120 seconds. The processing temperature significantly affected the strength of adhesive bonded lap joints. Cataplasma and cyclic moisture\\/temperature aging tests demonstrated that the hot-dipped galvanized steel with a polyester melamine based

Chongchen Xu

2001-01-01

352

Mechanisms for Flow-Enhanced Cell Adhesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell adhesion is mediated by specific receptor–ligand bonds. In several biological systems, increasing flow has been observed\\u000a to enhance cell adhesion despite the increasing dislodging fluid shear forces. Flow-enhanced cell adhesion includes several\\u000a aspects: flow augments the initial tethering of flowing cells to a stationary surface, slows the velocity and increases the\\u000a regularity of rolling cells, and increases the number

Cheng Zhu; Tadayuki Yago; Jizhong Lou; Veronika I. Zarnitsyna; Rodger P. McEver

2008-01-01

353

Micro bonding with non-viscous adhesives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new subproject B8 “Adhesive processing in batch technology for the manufacturing of microsystems” has the goal to compile\\u000a bases for batchable joining techniques based on adhesive systems. This paper presents an alternative adhesive bonding system,\\u000a which is able to join very small parts as well as relatively big parts with high accuracy requirements. The main advantages\\u000a are the possibility

S. Böhm; K. Dilger; J. Hesselbach; J. Wrege; S. Rathmann; W. Ma; E. Stammen; G. Hemken

2006-01-01

354

Adhesion of Styrene-Butadiene Rubbers with Different Silica Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of silica content of four styrene-butadiene rubbers on their adhesion to polyurethane adhesives was studied. Untreated rubber shows no adhesion due to a weak boundary layer of zinc stearate. Roughening removed zinc stearate from the rubber surface, increased the surface energy and produced surface roughness, so improved adhesion was obtained. The adhesion increased as the silica content in

A. Torró-Palau; J. C. Fernández-García; A. C. Orgilés-Barceló; J. M. Martín-Martínez

1996-01-01

355

Comparison of three work of adhesion measurements  

SciTech Connect

Practical work of adhesion measurements are being studied for several types of polymer/metal combinations in order to obtain a better understanding of the adhesive failure mechanisms for systems containing encapsulated and bonded components. The primary question is whether studies of model systems can be extended to systems of technological interest. The authors report on their first attempts to obtain the work of adhesion between a PDMS polymer and stainless steel. The work of adhesion measurements were made using three techniques -- contact angle, adhesive fracture energy at low deformation rates and JKR. Previous work by Whitesides` group show a good correlation between JKR and contact angle measurements for PDMS. Their initial work focused on duplicating the PDMS measurements of Chaudury. In addition, in this paper the authors extend the work of adhesion measurement to third technique -- interfacial failure energy. The ability to determine the reversible work of adhesion for practical adhesive joints allows understanding of several issues that control adhesion: surface preparation, nature of the interphase region, and bond durability.

Emerson, J.A.; O`Toole, E.; Zamora, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Organic Materials; Poon, B. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States). Dept. of Macromolecular Science

1998-02-01

356

Nucleation and growth of cadherin adhesions  

SciTech Connect

Cell-cell contact formation relies on the recruitment of cadherin molecules and their anchoring to actin. However, the precise chronology of events from initial cadherin trans-interactions to adhesion strengthening is unclear, in part due to the lack of access to the distribution of cadherins within adhesion zones. Using N-cadherin expressing cells interacting with N-cadherin coated surfaces, we characterized the formation of cadherin adhesions at the ventral cell surface. TIRF and RIC microscopies revealed streak-like accumulations of cadherin along actin fibers. FRAP analysis indicated that engaged cadherins display a slow turnover at equilibrium, compatible with a continuous addition and removal of cadherin molecules within the adhesive contact. Association of cadherin cytoplasmic tail to actin as well as actin cables and myosin II activity are required for the formation and maintenance of cadherin adhesions. Using time lapse microscopy we deciphered how cadherin adhesions form and grow. As lamellipodia protrude, cadherin foci stochastically formed a few microns away from the cell margin. Neo-formed foci coalesced aligned and coalesced with preformed foci either by rearward sliding or gap filling to form cadherin adhesions. Foci experienced collapse at the rear of cadherin adhesions. Based on these results, we present a model for the nucleation, directional growth and shrinkage of cadherin adhesions.

Lambert, Mireille [INSERM, U839, Paris, F-75005 (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Paris, Institut du Fer a Moulin, UMR-S0839, Paris, F-75005 (France); Thoumine, Olivier [Universite Bordeaux 2, CNRS, UMR5091, Institut Francois Magendie de Neurosciences, Bordeaux, F-33077 (France); Brevier, Julien [Universite Joseph Fourier, CNRS, UMR5588, Saint-Martin d'Heres, F-38402 (France); Choquet, Daniel [Universite Bordeaux 2, CNRS, UMR5091, Institut Francois Magendie de Neurosciences, Bordeaux, F-33077 (France); Riveline, Daniel [Universite Joseph Fourier, CNRS, UMR5588, Saint-Martin d'Heres, F-38402 (France); Mege, Rene-Marc [INSERM, U839, Paris, F-75005 (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Paris, Institut du Fer a Moulin, UMR-S0839, Paris, F-75005 (France)], E-mail: mege@fer-a-moulin.inserm.fr

2007-11-15

357

Adhesion as a weapon in microbial competition.  

PubMed

Microbes attach to surfaces and form dense communities known as biofilms, which are central to how microbes live and influence humans. The key defining feature of biofilms is adhesion, whereby cells attach to one another and to surfaces, via attachment factors and extracellular polymers. While adhesion is known to be important for the initial stages of biofilm formation, its function within biofilm communities has not been studied. Here we utilise an individual-based model of microbial groups to study the evolution of adhesion. While adhering to a surface can enable cells to remain in a biofilm, consideration of within-biofilm competition reveals a potential cost to adhesion: immobility. Highly adhesive cells that are resistant to movement face being buried and starved at the base of the biofilm. However, we find that when growth occurs at the base of a biofilm, adhesion allows cells to capture substratum territory and force less adhesive, competing cells out of the system. This process may be particularly important when cells grow on a host epithelial surface. We test the predictions of our model using the enteric pathogen Vibrio cholerae, which produces an extracellular matrix important for biofilm formation. Flow cell experiments indicate that matrix-secreting cells are highly adhesive and form expanding clusters that remove non-secreting cells from the population, as predicted by our simulations. Our study shows how simple physical properties, such as adhesion, can be critical to understanding evolution and competition within microbial communities. PMID:25290505

Schluter, Jonas; Nadell, Carey D; Bassler, Bonnie L; Foster, Kevin R

2015-01-01

358

Investigation of package sealing using organic adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A systematic study was performed to evaluate the suitability of adhesives for sealing hybrid packages. Selected adhesives were screened on the basis of their ability to seal gold-plated Kovar butterfly-type packages that retain their seal integrity after individual exposures to increasingly severe temperature-humidity environments. Tests were also run using thermal shock, temperature cycling, mechanical shock and temperature aging. The four best adhesives were determined and further tested in a 60 C/98% RH environment and continuously monitored in regard to moisture content. Results are given, however, none of the tested adhesives passed all the tests.

Perkins, K. L.; Licari, J. J.

1977-01-01

359

Effect of water absorption on pollen adhesion.  

PubMed

Pollens possess a thin liquid coating, pollenkitt, which plays a major role in adhesion by forming capillary menisci at interfaces. Unfortunately, the influence of humidity on pollenkitt properties and capillary adhesion is unknown. Because humidity varies widely in the environment, the answers have important implications for better understanding plant reproduction, allergy and asthma, and pollen as atmospheric condensation nuclei. Here, pollenkitt-mediated adhesion of sunflower pollen to hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces was measured as a function of humidity. The results quantify for the first time the significant water absorption of pollenkitt and the resulting complex dependence of adhesion on humidity. On hydrophilic Si, adhesion increased with increasing RH for pollens with or without pollenkitt, up to 200nN at 70% RH. In contrast, on hydrophobic PS, adhesion of pollenkitt-free pollen is independent of RH. Surprisingly, when pollenkitt was present adhesion forces on hydrophobic PS first increased with RH up to a maximum value at 35% RH (?160nN), and then decreased with further increases in RH. Independent measurement of pollenkitt properties is used with models of capillary adhesion to show that humidity-dependent changes in pollenkitt wetting and viscosity are responsible for this complex adhesion behavior. PMID:25524008

Lin, Haisheng; Lizarraga, Leonardo; Bottomley, Lawrence A; Carson Meredith, J

2015-03-15

360

Bacterial Adhesion at Synthetic Surfaces  

PubMed Central

A systematic investigation into the effect of surface chemistry on bacterial adhesion was carried out. In particular, a number of physicochemical factors important in defining the surface at the molecular level were assessed for their effect on the adhesion of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. The primary experiments involved the grafting of groups varying in hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, chain length, and chemical functionality onto glass substrates such that the surfaces were homogeneous and densely packed with functional groups. All of the surfaces were found to be chemically well defined, and their measured surface energies varied from 15 to 41 mJ · m?2. Protein adsorption experiments were performed with 3H-labelled bovine serum albumin and cytochrome c prior to bacterial attachment studies. Hydrophilic uncharged surfaces showed the greatest resistance to protein adsorption; however, our studies also showed that the effectiveness of poly(ethyleneoxide) (PEO) polymers was not simply a result of its hydrophilicity and molecular weight alone. The adsorption of the two proteins approximately correlated with short-term cell adhesion, and bacterial attachment for L. monocytogenes and E. coli also correlated with the chemistry of the underlying substrate. However, for S. aureus and S. typhimurium a different pattern of attachment occurred, suggesting a dissimilar mechanism of cell attachment, although high-molecular-weight PEO was still the least-cell-adsorbing surface. The implications of this for in vivo attachment of cells suggest that hydrophilic passivating groups may be the best method for preventing cell adsorption to synthetic substrates provided they can be grafted uniformly and in sufficient density at the surface. PMID:10543814

Cunliffe, D.; Smart, C. A.; Alexander, C.; Vulfson, E. N.

1999-01-01

361

Adhesive bowel obstruction? Not always.  

PubMed

A 58-year-old man presented acutely with features of post-surgical adhesive small bowel obstruction. Following an unsuccessful trial of conservative management, computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen was performed. This revealed a mass in the ileocaecal region, for which he underwent a subsequent right hemicolectomy. Histology revealed diffuse B-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the terminal ileum. Confounding obstructive lesion of the intestine in patients with a history of previous laparotomy is extremely uncommon. Early high resolution imaging may predict diagnosis and consolidate clinical management plans. PMID:21633584

Mittapalli, D; Sebastian, B J; Leung, E; Barnes, N; Senapati, P S P

2011-01-01

362

Effects of the Tumor-Leukocyte Microenvironment on Melanoma–Neutrophil Adhesion to the Endothelium in a Shear Flow  

PubMed Central

The primary cause of cancer mortality is not attributed to primary tumor formation, but rather to the growth of metastases at distant organ sites. Tumor cell adhesion to blood vessel endothelium (EC) and subsequent transendothelial migration within the circulation are critical components of the metastasis cascade. Previous studies have shown polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) may facilitate melanoma cell adhesion to the EC and subsequent extravasation under flow conditions. The melanoma cell–PMN interactions are found to be mediated by the binding between intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on melanoma cells and ?2 integrin on PMNs and by endogenously secreted interleukin 8 (IL-8) within the tumor-leukocyte microenvironment. In this study, the effects of fluid convection on the IL-8-mediated activation of PMNs and the binding kinetics between PMNs and melanoma cells were investigated. Results indicate that the shear rate dependence of PMN–melanoma cell adhesion and melanoma cell extravasation is due, at least partly, to the convection of tumor-secreted proinflammatory cytokine IL-8. PMID:19865613

Liang, Shile; Hoskins, Meghan; Khanna, Payal; Kunz, Robert F.; Dong, Cheng

2009-01-01

363

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 3, a Third Adhesion Counter-Receptor for Lymphocyte Function-associated  

E-print Network

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 3, a Third Adhesion Counter-Receptor for Lymphocyte Function counter-receptors, intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs)-I and -2. A monoclonal antibody (m by culturing the cells for 3 d in the presence of 10 Izg/ml PHA (Sigma Chemical Co., St. Louis, MO

Springer, Timothy A.

364

Neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cells and factors affecting adhesion in patients with Behçet's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To study the in vitro adhesion of polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNLs) to endothelial cells in patients with Behçet's disease (BD), and the humoral and cellular factors which may contribute to adhesion. METHODS: A total of 118 patients with BD and 60 healthy controls were studied. In vitro adhesion of chromium-51 labelled normal neutrophils to human umbilical vascular endothelial cell (HUVEC)

S Sahin; T Ako?lu; H Direskeneli; L S Sen; R Lawrence

1996-01-01

365

Adhesions: What Are They and How Can They Be Prevented?  

MedlinePLUS

... would be helpful to you. Complications of adhesions Infertility and pregnancy complications. Adhesions that form on a woman's ovaries or fallopian tubes make infertility more likely. Women with adhesions in or around ...

366

49 CFR 587.16 - Adhesive bonding procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Adhesive bonding procedure. 587.16 Section...Deformable Barrier § 587.16 Adhesive bonding procedure. Immediately before...these can adversely affect bonding. The adhesive is applied to one...

2010-10-01

367

INTERPENETRATING POLYMER NETWORK (IPN) ADHESIVES FOR ELECTRON BEAM CURE  

EPA Science Inventory

Electron beam (e-beam)-processed polymer adhesives have historically performed poorly compared to traditional adhesive technologies due to a lack of toughness engineered into these new types of adhesive materials. Consequently, sequential- and simultaneous-interpenetrating polyme...

368

49 CFR 587.16 - Adhesive bonding procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Adhesive bonding procedure. 587.16 Section...Deformable Barrier § 587.16 Adhesive bonding procedure. Immediately before...these can adversely affect bonding. The adhesive is applied to one...

2011-10-01

369

7 CFR 2902.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 2902...Designated Items § 2902.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2011-01-01

370

49 CFR 587.16 - Adhesive bonding procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Adhesive bonding procedure. 587.16 Section...Deformable Barrier § 587.16 Adhesive bonding procedure. Immediately before...these can adversely affect bonding. The adhesive is applied to one...

2012-10-01

371

49 CFR 587.16 - Adhesive bonding procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Adhesive bonding procedure. 587.16 Section...Deformable Barrier § 587.16 Adhesive bonding procedure. Immediately before...these can adversely affect bonding. The adhesive is applied to one...

2013-10-01

372

7 CFR 3201.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 3201...Designated Items § 3201.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2012-01-01

373

7 CFR 2902.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 2902...Designated Items § 2902.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2010-01-01

374

7 CFR 3201.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 3201...Designated Items § 3201.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2014-01-01

375

7 CFR 3201.16 - Adhesive and mastic removers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Adhesive and mastic removers. 3201...Designated Items § 3201.16 Adhesive and mastic removers. (a...and tile mastics as well as adhesive materials, including glue, tape, and gum, from...

2013-01-01

376

Interaction and Deformation of Viscoelastic Particles. 2. Adhesive Particles  

E-print Network

Interaction and Deformation of Viscoelastic Particles. 2. Adhesive Particles Phil Attard Ian Wark, 2001. In Final Form: April 30, 2001 Analyzed is the mutual deformation of adhesive particles the particles' adhesion. An analytic

Attard, Phil

377

Interphases in the Adhesive Bonding of Fluoropolymers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strong and durable adhesive bonds may be made between polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and either cyanoacrylate (CA) or epoxy adhesives, if the PTFE surface is modified by the use of a “primer” such as triphenylphosphine (TPP) or diaminodiphenylmethane (DDM). The primer mixes with the PTFE surface, and the modified surface is then capable of forming an interphase, tens to hundreds of nanometers

J. Yang; A. Garton

1994-01-01

378

Selective Adhesion of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans to Pyrite  

PubMed Central

Bacterial adhesion to mineral surfaces plays an important role not only in bacterial survival in natural ecosystems, but also in mining industry applications. Selective adhesion was investigated with Thiobacillus ferrooxidans by using four minerals, pyrite, quartz, chalcopyrite, and galena. Escherichia coli was used as a control bacterium. Contact angles were used as indicators of hydrophobicity, which was an important factor in the interaction between minerals and bacteria. The contact angle of E. coli in a 0.5% sodium chloride solution was 31°, and the contact angle of T. ferrooxidans in a pH 2.0 sulfuric acid solution was 23°. E. coli tended to adhere to more hydrophobic minerals by hydrophobic interaction, while T. ferrooxidans selectively adhered to iron-containing minerals, such as pyrite and chalcopyrite. Ferrous ion inhibited the selective adhesion of T. ferrooxidans to pyrite competitively, while ferric ion scarcely inhibited such adhesion. When selective adhesion was quenched by ferrous ion completely, adhesion of T. ferrooxidans was controlled by hydrophilic interactions. Adhesion of E. coli to pyrite exhibited a liner relationship on langmuir isotherm plots, but adhesion of T. ferrooxidans did not. T. ferrooxidans recognized the reduced iron in minerals and selectively adhered to pyrite and chalcopyrite by a strong interaction other than the physical interaction. PMID:16349106

Ohmura, Naoya; Kitamura, Keiko; Saiki, Hiroshi

1993-01-01

379

Adhesions and Adhesiolysis: The Role of Laparoscopy  

PubMed Central

Background: Adhesions commonly result from abdominal and pelvic surgical procedures and may result in intestinal obstruction, infertility, chronic pain, or complicate subsequent operations. Laparoscopy produces less peritoneal trauma than does conventional laparotomy and may result in decreased adhesion formation. We present a review of the available data on laparoscopy and adhesion formation, as well as laparoscopic adhesiolysis. We also review current adjuvant techniques that may be used by practicing laparoscopists to prevent adhesion formation. Database: A Medline search using “adhesions,” “adhesiolysis,” and “laparoscopy” as key words was performed for English-language articles. Further references were obtained through cross-referencing the bibliography cited in each work. Discussion: The majority of studies indicate that laparoscopy may reduce postoperative adhesion formation relative to laparotomy. However, laparoscopy by itself does not appear to eliminate adhesions completely. A variety of adjuvant materials are available to surgeons, and the most recent investigation has demonstrated significant potential for intraperitoneal barriers. Newer technologies continue to evolve and should result in clinically relevant reductions in adhesion formation. PMID:12113430

Kavic, Suzanne M.

2002-01-01

380

Adhesive Loose Packings of Small Particles  

E-print Network

We explore adhesive loose packings of dry small spherical particles of micrometer size using 3D discrete-element simulations with adhesive contact mechanics. A dimensionless adhesion parameter ($Ad$) successfully combines the effects of particle velocities, sizes and the work of adhesion, identifying a universal regime of adhesive packings for $Ad>1$. The structural properties of the packings in this regime are well described by an ensemble approach based on a coarse-grained volume function that includes correlations between bulk and contact spheres. Our theoretical and numerical results predict: (i) An equation of state for adhesive loose packings that appears as a continuation from the frictionless random close packing (RCP) point in the jamming phase diagram; (ii) The existence of a maximal loose packing point at the coordination number $Z=2$ and packing fraction $\\phi=1/2^{3}$. Our results highlight that adhesion leads to a universal packing regime at packing fractions much smaller than the random loose packing, which can be described within a statistical mechanical framework. We present a general phase diagram of jammed matter comprising frictionless, frictional, adhesive as well as non-spherical particles, providing a classification of packings in terms of their continuation from the spherical frictionless RCP.

Wenwei Liu; Shuiqing Li; Adrian Baule; Hernán A. Makse

2014-10-08

381

Surgical glues: are they really adhesive?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study is to create a standard test to approve the efficacy of a surgical sealant. An industrial test, the bulge-and-blister test, which is very convenient for measuring adhesion energy, is applied to the surgical field to quantify adhesion of bioadhesives. Methods: Samples were composed of two circular layers of equine pericardium glued by the surgical

Bertrand R. M. Perrin; Michel Dupeux; Piergiorgio Tozzi; Dominique Delay; Philippe Gersbach; Ludwig K. von Segesser

2009-01-01

382

Polyurethane adhesive with improved high temperature properties  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A polyurethane resin with paste activator, capable of providing useful bond strengths over the temperature range of -184 C to 149 C, is described. The adhesive system has a pot life of over one hour. Tensile shear strength ratings are given for various adhesive formulations.

Stuckey, J. M.

1977-01-01

383

Clinical Status of Ten Dentin Adhesive Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory testing of dentin adhesive systems still requires corroboration by long-term clinical trials for their ultimate clinical effectiveness to be validated. The objective of this clinical investigation was to evaluate, retrospectively, the clinical effectiveness of earlier-investigated dentin adhesive systems (Scotchbond, Gluma, Clearf il New Bond, Scotchbond 2, Tenure, and Tripton), and to compare their clinical results with those obtained with

B. Van Meerbeek; M. Peumans; M. Verschueren; S. Gladys; M. Braeml; P. Lambrechts; G. Vanherle

1994-01-01

384

Molecular Adhesion between Cartilage Extracellular Matrix Macromolecules  

PubMed Central

In this study, we investigated the molecular adhesion between the major constituents of cartilage extracellular matrix, namely, the highly negatively charged proteoglycan aggrecan and the type II/IX/XI fibrillar collagen network, in simulated physiological conditions. Colloidal force spectroscopy was applied to measure the maximum adhesion force and total adhesion energy between aggrecan end-attached spherical tips (end radius R ? 2.5 ?m) and trypsin-treated cartilage disks with undamaged collagen networks. Studies were carried out in various aqueous solutions to reveal the physical factors that govern aggrecan–collagen adhesion. Increasing both ionic strength and [Ca2+] significantly increased adhesion, highlighting the importance of electrostatic repulsion and Ca2+-mediated ion bridging effects. In addition, we probed how partial enzymatic degradation of the collagen network, which simulates osteoarthritic conditions, affects the aggrecan–collagen interactions. Interestingly, we found a significant increase in aggrecan–collagen adhesion even when there were no detectable changes at the macro- or microscales. It is hypothesized that the aggrecan–collagen adhesion, together with aggrecan–aggrecan self-adhesion, works synergistically to determine the local molecular deformability and energy dissipation of the cartilage matrix, in turn, affecting its macroscopic tissue properties. PMID:24491174

2015-01-01

385

CO2 adhesion on hydrated mineral surfaces.  

PubMed

Hydrated mineral surfaces in the environment are generally hydrophilic but in certain cases can strongly adhere CO2, which is largely nonpolar. This adhesion can significantly alter the wettability characteristics of the mineral surface and consequently influence capillary/residual trapping and other multiphase flow processes in porous media. Here, the conditions influencing adhesion between CO2 and homogeneous mineral surfaces were studied using static pendant contact angle measurements and captive advancing/receding tests. The prevalence of adhesion was sensitive to both surface roughness and aqueous chemistry. Adhesion was most widely observed on phlogopite mica, silica, and calcite surfaces with roughness on the order of ~10 nm. The incidence of adhesion increased with ionic strength and CO2 partial pressure. Adhesion was very rarely observed on surfaces equilibrated with brines containing strong acid or base. In advancing/receding contact angle measurements, adhesion could increase the contact angle by a factor of 3. These results support an emerging understanding of adhesion of, nonpolar nonaqueous phase fluids on mineral surfaces influenced by the properties of the electrical double layer in the aqueous phase film and surface functional groups between the mineral and CO2. PMID:24040744

Wang, Shibo; Tao, Zhiyuan; Persily, Sara M; Clarens, Andres F

2013-10-15

386

Enzymatically Degradable Mussel-Inspired Adhesive Hydrogel  

PubMed Central

Mussel-inspired adhesive hydrogels represent innovative candidate medical sealants or glues. In the present work, we describe an enzyme-degradable mussel-inspired adhesive hydrogel formulation, achieved by incorporating minimal elastase substrate peptide Ala-Ala into the branched poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) macromonomer structure. The system takes advantage of neutrophil elastase expression upregulation and secretion from neutrophils upon recruitment to wounded or inflamed tissue. By integrating adhesive degradation behaviors that respond to cellular cues, we expand the functional range of our mussel-inspired adhesive hydrogel platforms. Rapid (<1 min) and simultaneous gelation and adhesion of the proteolytically active, catechol-terminated precursor macromonomer was achieved by addition of sodium periodate oxidant. Rheological analysis and equilibrium swelling studies demonstrated that the hydrogel is appropriate for soft tissue-contacting applications. Notably, hydrogel storage modulus (G?) achieved values on the order of 10 kPa, and strain at failure exceeded 200% strain. Lap shear testing confirmed the material’s adhesive behavior (shear strength: 30.4 ± 3.39 kPa). Although adhesive hydrogel degradation was not observed during short-term (27 h) in vitro treatment with neutrophil elastase, in vivo degradation proceeded over several months following dorsal subcutaneous implantation in mice. This work represents the first example of an enzymatically degradable mussel-inspired adhesive and expands the potential biomedical applications of this family of materials. PMID:22059927

2011-01-01

387

Forces and Bond Dynamics in Cell Adhesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Adhesion of a biological cell to another cell or the extracellular matrix involves complex couplings between cell biochemistry, structural mechanics, and surface bonding. Probing adhesion receptors on strategically engineered cells with force during functional stimulation can reveal key nodes of communication between the mechanical and chemical circuitry of a cell.

Evan Evans (Boston University/ University of British Columbia;Department of Biomedical Engineering/Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Department of Physics and Astronomy); David Calderwood (Yale University School of Medicine;Department of Pharmacology and Interdepartmental Program in Vascular Biology and Transplantation)

2007-05-25

388

The effects of plasticity in adhesive fracture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An energy-balance analysis is presented for adhesive failure in end loaded cantilever beams. The analysis includes the effects of input work, stored strain energy, dissipated plastic energy, and specific adhesive surface energy. Experimental results obtained with 6061-T6 aluminum are presented as evidence for the validity of the approach.-

Chang, M. D.; Devries, K. L.; Williams, M. L.

1973-01-01

389

Adhesion, friction and micromechanical properties of ceramics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The adhesion, friction, and micromechanical properties of ceramics, both in monolithic and coating form, are reviewed. Ceramics are examined in contact with themselves, other harder materials, and metals. For the simplicity of discussion, the tribological properties of concern in the processes are separated into two parts. The first part discusses the pull-off force (adhesion) and the shear force required to break the interfacial junctions between contacting surfaces. The role of chemical bonding in adhesion and friction, and the effects of surface contaminant films and temperature on tribological response with respect to adhesion and friction are discussed. The second part deals with abrasion of ceramics. Elastic, plastic, and fracture behavior of ceramics in solid state contact is discussed. The scratch technique of determining the critical load needed to fracture interfacial adhesive bonds of ceramic deposited on substrates is also addressed.

Miyoshi, Kazuhisa

1988-01-01

390

Fatigue behavior of adhesively bonded joints  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fatigue damage mechanism of composite to composite adhesively bonded joints was characterized. The mechanics of the possible modes of fatigue damage propagation in these joints when subjected to constant amplitude cyclic mechanical loading were investigated. The possible failure modes in composite bonded joints may be cyclic debonding (i.e., progressive separation of the adhesive), interlaminar damage (delamination), adherend fatigue or a combination of these. Two composite systems - graphite/epoxy adhesively bonded to graphite/epoxy and Kevlar 49/epoxy adhesively bonded to Kevlar 49/epoxy were investigated. Both composite systems consisted of quasi-isotropic lay-ups, i.e., 0 deg/-45 deg/+45 deg/90 degs. The two adhesives, employed in the study were (1) EC 3445 with cure temperature of 250 F for secondary bonding and (2) FM 300 with cure temperature of 350 F for co-cure bonding.

Mall, S.

1983-01-01

391

Modulation of cell adhesion by changes in alpha L beta 2 (LFA-1, CD11a/CD18) cytoplasmic domain/cytoskeleton interaction  

PubMed Central

The integrin alpha L beta 2 (leukocyte function-associated molecule 1, CD11a/CD18) mediates activation-dependent adhesion of leukocytes. The cytoplasmic domains of alpha L beta 2 have been demonstrated to modulate adhesiveness of alpha L beta 2. Affinity changes of alpha L beta 2 for its ligand or postreceptor events can be responsible for this modulation of adhesiveness. To investigate the possible role of the alpha L beta 2 cytoplasmic domains in postreceptor events we constructed cDNA encoding chimeric proteins with intracellular alpha L beta 2 domains, which are responsible for alpha L beta 2 specific intracellular interactions, and extracellular alpha IIIb beta 3 (GP IIb/IIIa) domains, which allow the assessment of the receptor affinity state. The cDNA was stably transfected in Chinese hamster ovary cells and chimeric heterodimer formation proven by immunoprecipitations and flow cytometry. The chimeric receptors mediate adhesion to immobilized fibrinogen, and this adhesion is increased by phorbol myristate acetate and abolished by cytochalasin D. However, neither treatment affects the affinity state of the chimeric receptor, suggesting involvement of the cytoskeleton in the regulation of alpha L beta 2 mediated cell adhesion. To exclude the possibility of postoccupancy affinity changes of the chimeric receptors, we locked the receptors into a high affinity state by creating a deletion variant. The region deleted (VGFFK) is highly conserved in integrin alpha subunit cytoplasmic domains. Cotransfection of this deletion variant with a beta subunit truncation (beta 3 delta 724) and a triple mutation at 758-760 (TTT to AAA) of beta 2 abolishes adhesion without changing the affinity state. A single mutation (TTT to TAT) reduces adhesion by half without affinity change. Scanning electron microscopy reveals impaired spreading of these truncated/mutated chimeras. Immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrates a correlation between impaired adhesion and a decrease in the ability to form focal adhesions and to organize the cytoskeleton into stress fibers. These results describe the integrin/cytoskeleton interaction, the organization of the cytoskeleton, and cell spreading as postreceptor events modulating alpha L beta 2 cytoplasmic domain mediated cell adhesion. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the cytoplasmic domain of the beta 2 subunit, and within it the TTT region, are required for these postreceptor events. Additionally, we present a new approach, using deletion variants to lock integrins in a high affinity state without interfering with the investigated integrin/cytoskeleton interaction. This approach may be generally useful to investigate the role of postreceptor events in integrin- mediated cell adhesion and migration. PMID:7807011

1995-01-01

392

Kidney Injury Molecule-1 Outperforms Traditional Biomarkers of Kidney Injury in Multi-site Preclinical Biomarker Qualification Studies  

PubMed Central

Kidney toxicity accounts for a significant percentage of morbidity and drug candidate failure. Serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) have been used to monitor kidney dysfunction for over a century but these markers are insensitive and non-specific. In multi-site preclinical rat toxicology studies the diagnostic performance of urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1) was compared to traditional biomarkers as predictors of kidney tubular histopathologic changes, currently considered the “gold standard” of nephrotoxicity. In multiple models of kidney injury, urinary Kim-1 significantly outperformed SCr and BUN. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for Kim-1 was between 0.91 and 0.99 as compared to 0.79 to 0.9 for BUN and 0.73 to 0.85 for SCr. Thus urinary Kim-1 is the first injury biomarker of kidney toxicity qualified by the FDA and EMEA and is expected to significantly improve kidney safety monitoring. PMID:20458318

Vaidya, Vishal S.; Ozer, Josef S.; Frank, Dieterle; Collings, Fitz B.; Ramirez, Victoria; Troth, Sean; Muniappa, Nagaraja; Thudium, Douglas; Gerhold, David; Holder, Daniel J.; Bobadilla, Norma A.; Marrer, Estelle; Perentes, Elias; Cordier, André; Vonderscher, Jacky; Maurer, Gérard; Goering, Peter L.; Sistare, Frank D.; Bonventre, Joseph V.

2010-01-01

393

MRI of placental adhesive disorder.  

PubMed

Placental adhesive disorder (PAD) is a serious pregnancy complication that occurs when the chorionic villi invade the myometrium. Placenta praevia and prior caesarean section are the two important risk factors. PAD is classified on the basis of the depth of myometrial invasion (placenta accreta, placenta increta and placenta percreta). MRI is the preferred image modality for pre-natal diagnosis of PAD and as complementary technique when ultrasonography is inconclusive. Imaging findings that are helpful for the diagnosis include dark intraplacental bands, direct invasion of adjacent structures by placental tissue, interruption of normal trilayered myometrium and uterine bulging. Clinicians should be aware of imaging features of PAD to facilitate optimal patient management. PMID:25060799

Srisajjakul, S; Prapaisilp, P; Bangchokdee, S

2014-10-01

394

Brittle fracture of adhesive joints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of mode mix upon crack path is examined for a brittle epoxy adhesive. The mode mix is varied over wide limits by using asymmetrical double cantilever beam and Brazil nut specimen configurations. The observed crack paths are interfacial, in-layer, and alternating from one interface to the other in a periodic fashion. The probability of occurrence and toughness of each crack path is measured, and is compared witih existing theory. Interfacial fracture is the most common path for all values of mode mix, the interfacial toughness increases dramatically with increasing mode II component of remote load. Under remote mode I loading, the alternating crack path covers approximately 20 percent of the fracture surface of the specimens and has the highest macroscopic toughness.

Akisanya, A. R.; Fleck, N. A.

1992-11-01

395

Role of ICAM-1 in the aggregation and adhesion of human alveolar macrophages in response to TNF-alpha and INF-gamma.  

PubMed Central

Intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-mediated cell-cell adhesion is thought to play an important role at sites of inflammation. Recent evidence suggests that ICAM-1 surface expression on alveolar macrophages is increased in pulmonary sarcoidosis and that inflammatory granuloma formation is characterized by the aggregation of macrophages. The present study shows that ICAM-1 expression is significantly elevated on alveolar macrophages from patients with sarcoidosis in response to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (INF-gamma) compared with healthy controls. Aggregation and adhesion were significantly increased in alveolar macrophages treated with TNF-alpha and INF-gamma, and significantly inhibited in those pretreated with a monoclonal antibody to ICAM-1. Similarly, aggregation and adhesion were inhibited in macrophages treated with heparin, which then exhibited a wide range of biological activities relevant to inflammation. These results suggested that the surface expression of ICAM-1 on alveolar macrophages in response to TNF-alpha and INF-gamma is important in mediating aggregation and adhesion. Additionally, heparin may be useful for developing novel therapeutic agents for fibrotic lung disease. PMID:11817671

Sasaki, M; Namioka, Y; Ito, T; Izumiyama, N; Fukui, S; Watanabe, A; Kashima, M; Sano, M; Shioya, T; Miura, M

2001-01-01

396

Adhesion of biologically inspired vertical and angled polymer microfiber arrays.  

PubMed

This paper proposes an approximate adhesion model for fibrillar adhesives for developing a fibrillar adhesive design methodology and compares numerical simulation adhesion results with macroscale adhesion data from polymer microfiber array experiments. A technique for fabricating microfibers with a controlled angle is described for the first time. Polyurethane microfibers with different hardnesses, angles, and aspect ratios are fabricated using optical lithography and polymer micromolding techniques and tested with a custom tensile adhesion measurement setup. Macroscale adhesion and overall work of adhesion of the microfiber arrays are measured and compared with the models to observe the effect of fiber geometry and preload. The adhesion strength and work of adhesion behavior of short and long vertical and long angled fiber arrays have similar trends with the numerical simulations. A scheme is also proposed to aid in optimized fiber adhesive design. PMID:17284057

Aksak, Burak; Murphy, Michael P; Sitti, Metin

2007-03-13

397

76 FR 53369 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Pennsylvania; Adhesives and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...For Adhesives and Sealants'' dated 2006 which...manufacture and use of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, or sealant primers, in both...the application of adhesives, sealants, adhesive primers, and sealant primers by...

2011-08-26

398

Adhesion in ceramics and magnetic media  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When a ceramic is brought into contact with a metal or a polymeric material such as a magnetic medium, strong bonds form between the materials. For ceramic-to-metal contacts, adhesion and friction are strongly dependent on the ductility of the metals. Hardness of metals plays a much more important role in adhesion and friction than does the surface energy of metals. Adhesion, friction, surface energy, and hardness of a metal are all related to its Young's modulus and shear modulus, which have a marked dependence on the electron configuration of the metal. An increase in shear modulus results in a decrease in area of contact that is greater than the corresponding increase in surface energy (the fond energy) with shear modulus. Consequently, the adhesion and friction decrease with increasing shear modulus. For ceramics in contact with polymeric magnetic tapes, environment is extremely important. For example, a nitrogen environment reduces adhesion and friction when ferrite contacts polymeric tape, whereas a vacuum environment strengthens the ferrite-to-tape adhesion and increases friction. Adhesion and friction are strongly dependent on the particle loading of the tape. An increase in magnetic particle concentration increases the complex modulus of the tape, and a lower real area of contact and lower friction result.

Miyoshi, Kazuhisa

1989-01-01

399

Molecular Architecture and Function of Matrix Adhesions  

PubMed Central

Cell adhesions mediate important bidirectional interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix. They provide an interactive interface between the extracellular chemical and physical environment and the cellular scaffolding and signaling machinery. This dynamic, reciprocal regulation of intracellular processes and the matrix is mediated by membrane receptors such as the integrins, as well as many other components that comprise the adhesome. Adhesome constituents assemble themselves into different types of cell adhesion structures that vary in molecular complexity and change over time. These cell adhesions play crucial roles in cell migration, proliferation, and determination of cell fate. PMID:21441590

Geiger, Benjamin; Yamada, Kenneth M.

2011-01-01

400

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

SciTech Connect

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01

401

The development of low temperature curing adhesives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An approach for the development of a practical low temperature (293 K-311 K/68 F-100 F) curing adhesive system based on a family of amide/ester resins was studied and demonstrated. The work was conducted on resin optimization and adhesive compounding studies. An improved preparative method was demonstrated which involved the reaction of an amine-alcohol precursor, in a DMF solution with acid chloride. Experimental studies indicated that an adhesive formulation containing aluminum powder provided the best performance when used in conjunction with a commercial primer.

Green, H. E.; Sutherland, J. D.; Hom, J. M.; Sheppard, C. H.

1975-01-01

402

Adhesion of membranes via actively switched receptors  

E-print Network

We consider a theoretical model for membranes with adhesive receptors, or stickers, that are actively switched between two conformational states. In their 'on'-state, the stickers bind to ligands in an apposing membrane, whereas they do not interact with the ligands in their 'off'-state. We show that the adhesiveness of the membranes depends sensitively on the rates of the conformational switching process. This dependence is reflected in a resonance at intermediate switching rates, which can lead to large membrane separations and unbinding. Our results may provide insights into novel mechanisms for the controlled adhesion of biological or biomimetic membranes.

Bartosz Rozycki; Reinhard Lipowsky; Thomas R. Weikl

2005-12-20

403

Stromal interaction molecule 1 is essential for normal cardiac homeostasis through modulation of ER and mitochondrial function.  

PubMed

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) sensor stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) has been implicated as a key mediator of store-dependent and store-independent Ca(2+) entry pathways and maintenance of ER structure. STIM1 is present in embryonic, neonatal, and adult cardiomyocytes and has been strongly implicated in hypertrophic signaling; however, the physiological role of STIM1 in the adult heart remains unknown. We, therefore, developed a novel cardiomyocyte-restricted STIM1 knockout ((cr)STIM1-KO) mouse. In cardiomyocytes isolated from (cr)STIM1-KO mice, STIM1 expression was reduced by ?92% with no change in the expression of related store-operated Ca(2+) entry proteins, STIM2, and Orai1. Immunoblot analyses revealed that (cr)STIM1-KO hearts exhibited increased ER stress from 12 wk, as indicated by increased levels of the transcription factor C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), one of the terminal markers of ER stress. Transmission electron microscopy revealed ER dilatation, mitochondrial disorganization, and increased numbers of smaller mitochondria in (cr)STIM1-KO hearts, which was associated with increased mitochondrial fission. Using serial echocardiography and histological analyses, we observed a progressive decline in cardiac function in (cr)STIM1-KO mice, starting at 20 wk of age, which was associated with marked left ventricular dilatation by 36 wk. In addition, we observed the presence of an inflammatory infiltrate and evidence of cardiac fibrosis from 20 wk in (cr)STIM1-KO mice, which progressively worsened by 36 wk. These data demonstrate for the first time that STIM1 plays an essential role in normal cardiac function in the adult heart, which may be important for the regulation of ER and mitochondrial function. PMID:24585777

Collins, Helen E; He, Lan; Zou, Luyun; Qu, Jing; Zhou, Lufang; Litovsky, Silvio H; Yang, Qinglin; Young, Martin E; Marchase, Richard B; Chatham, John C

2014-04-15

404

Hyper-adhesion: a unique property of desmosomes.  

PubMed

Hyper-adhesion is a unique, strongly adhesive form of desmosomal adhesion that functions to maintain tissue integrity. In this short review, we define hyper-adhesion, summarise the evidence for it in culture and in vivo, discuss its role in development, wound healing, and skin disease, and speculate about its molecular and cellular basis. PMID:24978153

Garrod, David; Tabernero, Lydia

2014-10-01

405

Stress Analysis of Adhesively Bonded Electroprimed Steel Lap Shear Joints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structural applications for adhesive bonding have been increasing in recent years due to improvements in the types of adhesives available and in improved knowledge of bonding procedures. Consequently, there exists a demand for precise numerical modeling of adhesive joint behavior, particularly along bondline interfaces where low surface energy adhesives contact high surface energy metallic oxides. The purpose of the present

David W. Schmueser; Nancy L. Johnson; Robert T. Foister

1987-01-01

406

Adhesion test with water boiling method at high-temperature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water boiling test can evaluate the adhesion between base asphalt (A-70, etc.) and stone, but cannot evaluate the adhesion between modified asphalt , the asphalt with all kinds of anti-stripping products and stone. The reason is that modified asphalt has better adhesion than base asphalt at the same test temperature, and it is very hard to damage the adhesion interface.

Zhi Li; Xiao-ning Zhang

2011-01-01

407

Quantitative Analysis of the Dentin Adhesive Interface by Auger Spectroscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ultimate success of a dentin adhesive bond is dependent in large part on specific conditions at the interface between the tooth and the adhesive. Most current dentin adhesive systems use some sort of pre-treatment to demineralize the first few microns of the dentin surface, leaving a meshwork of collagen into which the adhesive resin can penetrate, infiltrate, and polymerize.

J. D. Eick; R. G. Miller; S. J. Robinson; C. Q. Bowles; P. L. Gutshall; C. C. Chappelow

1996-01-01

408

A surface chemistry approach to studying cell adhesion Milan Mrksich  

E-print Network

A surface chemistry approach to studying cell adhesion Milan Mrksich Department of Chemistry adhesion. The review begins with a background that illustrates the opportunity for using tailored to their environments. The primary function of ECM is to mediate the adhesion of cells.2 Without adhesion, most cells

Mrksich, Milan

409

Bistability of Cell Adhesion in Shear Flow Artem Efremov  

E-print Network

Bistability of Cell Adhesion in Shear Flow Artem Efremov * and Jianshu Cao * Singapore of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts ABSTRACT Cell adhesion plays a central role in multicellular organisms of adhesion proteins, and synergetic behavior of these proteins during cell adhesion is frequently observed

Cao, Jianshu

410

Adhesion and Surface Issues in Cellulose and Nanocellulose  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a review of the scientific literature concerned with adhesion and surface properties of cellulose and nanocellulose. Cellulose is the most abundant chemical compound on earth and its natural affinity for self-adhesion has long been recognized. The ease of adhesion that occurs in cellulose has contributed to its use in paper and other fiber-based composite materials. Cellulose adhesion,

Douglas J. Gardner; Gloria S. Oporto; Ryan Mills; My Ahmed Said Azizi Samir

2008-01-01

411

TOWARD MINIMALLY ADHESIVE SURFACES UTILIZING SILOXANES  

EPA Science Inventory

Three types of siloxane-based network polymers have been investigated for their surface properties towards potential applications as minimally adhesive coatings. A filled poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) elastomer, RTV it, has been studied to determine surface weldability and stabil...

412

Chemistry technology: Adhesives and plastics: A compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technical information on chemical formulations for improving and/or producing adhesives is presented. Data are also reported on polymeric plastics with special characteristics or those plastics that were produced by innovative means.

1973-01-01

413

NREL Turning Biomass into Adhesives and Plastics  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and it's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are developing technology to make wood adhesives from sawdust, bark, or other biomass (plant materials or wastes derived from them).

Not Available

1994-05-01

414

Thread-Pull Test Of Curing Adhesive  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hardness (and degree of cure) of adhesive layer measured by pulling previously inserted thread out of layer. Strength of bond measured directly on assembly rather than on samples, which can be misleading.

Johnson, James A.

1992-01-01

415

Preventing MIC through microbial adhesion inhibition  

SciTech Connect

The key to the alteration of conditions at a metal surface before the initiation of microbially induced corrosion (MIC) is the formation of a biofilm. Thus, prevention of bacterial adhesion processes on metal surfaces would be one of the potential weapons to avoid MIC. Serum globulin and by-products were used to prevent bacterial adhesion on different corrosion resistant metal surfaces generally used as implantable biomaterials. In this paper an immunoglobulin combination (IgA, IgG and IgM) has been used to prevent the formation of Pseudomonas fluorescens (P.fluorescens) biofilms on carbon steel and two different types of stainless steel (SS). A marked inhibition of bacterial adhesion was found under different experimental conditions. Several microscopic techniques were used for assessing adhesion inhibition while the electrochemical behavior of the steels was evaluated by means of different electrochemical techniques applied in the presence and in the absence of the immunoglobulins.

Videla, H.A. [Univ. of La Plata (Argentina). Dept. of Chemistry; Guiamet, P.S.; Gomez de Saravia, S.G. [INIFTA, La Plata (Argentina). Bioelectrochemistry Section

1998-12-31

416

Adhesion, Cohesion, and Surface Tension Demonstration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short (<5-10 minutes) pair of demonstrations uses glass slides with a very thin film of water to demonstrate the cohesive and adhesive forces of water molecules, and a needle floating on water to demonstrate surface tension.

417

A fresh look at the adhesion approximation  

E-print Network

I report on a systematic derivation of the phenomenological ``adhesion approximation'' from gravitational instability together with a brief evaluation of the related status of analytical modeling of large-scale structure.

Thomas Buchert

1997-11-04

418

Cytotoxicity of alkyl-2-cyanoacrylate adhesives.  

PubMed

The cytotoxicity of methyl- and isobutyl-2-cyanoacrylate adhesives was determined using a rat polymorphonuclear leukocyte suspension. Cell degranulation increased and migration decreased on addition of the alkyl-2-cyanoacrylates to the suspension in a concentration-dependent manner. When acetylsalicylic acid or indomethacin, inhibitors of prostaglandin H synthase, were present, the cytotoxicity observed on addition of the adhesives to the leukocytes decreased up to eightfold in a dose-dependent manner as detected by trypan blue exclusion. Likewise, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase lowered such cytotoxicity resulting from the cyanoacrylates up to eight- and sevenfold, respectively. The data suggested that the adhesives may have generated lipid hydroperoxides that activated prostaglandin and thromboxane biosynthesis, and participated in membranal oxidation and lysis. Such a mechanism may contribute to understanding the thrombotic events associated with the necrosis observed on application of these adhesives to tissues in vivo. PMID:2738081

Papatheofanis, F J

1989-06-01

419

Anomalous interface adhesion of graphene membranes  

PubMed Central

In order to understand the anomalous interface adhesion properties between graphene membranes and their substrates, we have developed a theoretical method to calibrate the interface adhesion energy of monolayer and multilayer graphene on substrates based on the bond relaxation consideration. Four kinds of interfaces, including graphene/SiO2, graphene/Cu, graphene/Cu/Ni and Cu/graphene/Ni, were taken into account. It was found that the membrane thickness and the interface confinement condition determine the adhesion energy. The relationship between the critical interface separation and the graphene thickness showed that the interface separation in the self-equilibrium state drops with decreasing membrane thickness. The size-dependent Young's modulus of graphene membrane and the interfacial condition were responsible for the novel interface adhesion energy. The proposed theory was expected to be applied to the design of graphene-based devices. PMID:24036502

He, Y.; Chen, W. F.; Yu, W. B.; Ouyang, G.; Yang, G. W.

2013-01-01

420

Recent Advances in Nanostructured Biomimetic Dry Adhesives  

PubMed Central

The relatively large size of the gecko and its ability to climb a multitude of structures with ease has often been cited as the inspiration upon which the field of dry adhesives is based. Since 2010, there have been many advances in the field of dry adhesives with much of the new research focusing on developing nanoscale and hierarchical features in a concentrated effort to develop synthetic gecko-like dry adhesives which are strong, durable, and self-cleaning. A brief overview of the geckos and the hairs which it uses to adhere to many different surfaces is provided before delving into the current methods and materials used to fabricate synthetic gecko hairs. A summary of the recently published literature on bio-inspired, nanostructured dry adhesives is presented with an emphasis being placed on fabrication techniques. PMID:25023409

Pattantyus-Abraham, Andras; Krahn, Jeffrey; Menon, Carlo

2013-01-01

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