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1

Childhood Peer Relationship Problems and Psychosocial Adjustment in Late Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using prospective longitudinal data from the Christchurch Health and Development Study, this paper examined the relationship between teacher reported peer relationship problems at age 9 and psychosocial adjustment in late adolescence. Results showed that, by age 18, children with high rates of early peer relationship problems were at increased risk of externalizing behavior problems such as criminal offending and substance

Lianne J. Woodward; David M. Fergusson

1999-01-01

2

Childhood peer relationship problems and psychosocial adjustment in late adolescence.  

PubMed

Using prospective longitudinal data from the Christchurch Health and Development Study, this paper examined the relationship between teacher reported peer relationship problems at age 9 and psychosocial adjustment in late adolescence. Results showed that, by age 18, children with high rates of early peer relationship problems were at increased risk of externalizing behavior problems such as criminal offending and substance abuse, but were not at increased risk of anxiety disorder or major depression. Subsequent analyses revealed that these associations were largely explained by the effects of child and family factors associated with both early peer relationship problems and later adjustment. The most influential variable in explaining associations between peer relationship problems and later adjustment was the extent of children's early conduct problems. These results suggest that reported associations between early peer problems and later adjustment are noncausal, and appear to reflect underlying continuities in behavioral adjustment. PMID:10197409

Woodward, L J; Fergusson, D M

1999-02-01

3

Adjustment Problems and Emerging Personality Characteristics from Early to Late Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 6-year longitudinal study extended earlier findings of contextual influences on adolescent adjustment problems by examining relationships between adolescent emotional and behavioral problems and late adolescent personality among more than 400 youths who were followed from 7th grade to the last year of high school. Results suggest that psychological distress and behavioral problems experienced during the adolescent years (7th–10th grades)

Xiaojia Ge; Rand D. Conger

1999-01-01

4

Home Sweet Home(s): Parental Separations, Residential Moves, and Adjustment Problems in Low-Income Adolescent Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined associations between family disruption and adolescent adjustment among African American girls from impoverished urban neighborhoods. Found that more residential moves and parental separations significantly predicted greater adjustment problems. Adolescents' perceptions of current relationships and neighborhoods related to adjustment but…

Adam, Emma K.; Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay

2002-01-01

5

More problems and less support: early adolescent adjustment forecasts changes in perceived support from parents.  

PubMed

This study examines longitudinal associations between adolescent adjustment and perceived parental support across the middle-school years (ages 11 to 13) in a diverse sample of 197 girls and 116 boys. Growth curve models revealed associations between the slope of change in perceptions of support in relationships with mothers and fathers and the slope of change in adolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms such that declining support accompanied increasing problems. After controlling for this correlated change, there was still evidence of child-problem effects on changes in relationship support (i.e., initial levels of adolescent externalizing symptoms predicted subsequent changes in perceived parental support), but there was no evidence of parent-support effects on changes in adjustment (i.e., initial levels of relationship support did not predict changes in adolescent externalizing symptoms). Declines in perceived parental support were steeper at high-initial levels of adolescent externalizing than at average or low levels. PMID:19364213

Hafen, Christopher A; Laursen, Brett

2009-04-01

6

Emotional Autonomy and Adolescent Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relations among maternal depression, family dysfunction, emotional autonomy, and early adolescent adjustment. Found that among offspring of depressed mothers, higher emotional autonomy predicted increased internalizing and externalizing problems; among offspring of nondepressed mothers, higher emotional autonomy predicted decreases in…

Garber, Judy; Little, Stephanie A.

2001-01-01

7

Conduct Problems, Depressive Symptomatology and Their Co-Occurring Presentation in Childhood as Predictors of Adjustment in Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated patterns in the development of conduct problems (CP), depressive symptoms, and their co-occurrence, and relations to adjustment problems, over the transition from late childhood to early adolescence. Rates of depressive symptoms and CP during this developmental period vary by gender; yet, few studies involving non-clinical samples have examined co-occurring problems and adjustment outcomes across boys and

Erin M. Ingoldsby; Gwynne O. Kohl; Robert J. McMahon; Liliana Lengua

2006-01-01

8

The Relationship between Frequency of Family Dinner and Adolescent Problem Behaviors after Adjusting for Other Family Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the association between frequency of family dinners (FFD) and selected problem behaviors for adolescents after adjusting for family connectedness, parental awareness, other family activities, and other potentially confounding factors. Methods: Data are drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997. The primary…

Sen, Bisakha

2010-01-01

9

Psychological Adjustment in Adolescents with Vision Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study compared psychological adjustment of 158 adolescents with vision impairment and 158 sighted adolescents with a matched-pair design using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Adolescent self-reports and teacher reports on emotional problems, peer problems, and total difficulties showed higher scores in students with…

Pinquart, Martin; Pfeiffer, Jens P.

2012-01-01

10

Social goals: relationship to adolescent adjustment and to social problem solving.  

PubMed

Examined the relations between adolescent boys' social goals of dominance, revenge, avoidance, and affiliation and (1) self-reported negative adolescent outcomes; (2) subjective sense of self-esteem; and (3) externalizing, internalizing, and prosocial behaviors, as rated by peers and teachers. Results indicated that social goal values were related to diverse aspects of self-, teacher-, and peer-reported social and behavioral functioning, with a consistent association found between a range of delinquent, substance-using, and behavioral difficulties, and endorsement of high goal values for dominance and revenge and low goal values for affiliation. Results also indicated that teacher-identified aggressive boys differed from nonaggressive boys in the value they placed on social goals, with aggressive boys placing a higher value on goals of dominance and revenge, and lower value on goals for affiliation. Finally social goal choice had a clear relation to the social problem-solving differences of aggressive and nonaggressive boys. PMID:8491928

Lochman, J E; Wayland, K K; White, K J

1993-04-01

11

Joint Trajectories of Symptoms of Disruptive Behavior Problems and Depressive Symptoms during Early Adolescence and Adjustment Problems during Emerging Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The joint, longitudinal trajectories of symptoms of disruptive behavior problems and of depression were examined in a community sample drawn from neighborhoods with elevated rates of delinquency. Growth mixture modeling was applied to a 6 year transition period from childhood to adolescence, age 10 to 16 years, to identify latent classes of…

Reinke, Wendy M.; Eddy, J. Mark; Dishion, Thomas J.; Reid, John B.

2012-01-01

12

The role of culture, family processes, and anger regulation in Korean American adolescents' adjustment problems.  

PubMed

Using an ecologically informed, developmental psychopathology perspective, the present study examined contextual and intrapersonal predictors of depressive symptoms and externalizing problems among Korean American adolescents. Specifically, the role of cultural context (self-construals), family processes (family cohesion and conflict), and anger regulation (anger control, anger suppression, and outward anger expression) were examined. Study participants were N = 166 Korean American adolescents ranging from 11 to 15 years old (M = 13.0, SD = 1.2). Results showed that depressive symptoms were significantly associated with lower levels of perceived family cohesion, higher levels of perceived family conflict intensity, and higher levels of anger suppression. Externalizing problems were associated with male gender, a weaker interdependent self-construal, higher levels of perceived family conflict, lower levels of anger control, and higher levels of outward anger expression. The distinction between specific versus common factors associated with depressive symptoms and externalizing problems was discussed with an eye toward prevention or intervention strategies targeting specific coping mechanisms (e.g., generating alternatives to anger suppression) or developing psychoeducational approaches to facilitate family processes. PMID:20553519

Park, Irene J K; Kim, Paul Y; Cheung, Rebecca Y M; Kim, May

2010-04-01

13

Structure of the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory Self-Restraint scale and its relation to problem behaviors in adolescence.  

PubMed

The authors examined the structure of the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI) Self-Restraint scale in derivation (n = 1,286) and cross-validation (n = 1,154) samples of mostly African American 6th graders in 3 urban schools. Four models were compared: (a) a 1-factor model; (b) a hierarchical model in which factors representing Impulse Control, Suppression of Aggression, Responsibility, and Consideration of Others were subsumed by a higher order factor; (c) a model that represented these 4 factors as correlated but distinct constructs; and (d) a model that excluded Consideration of Others from the higher order factor. Consistent support was found for the last model based on confirmatory factor analyses and latent-variable analyses examining the relations among self-restraint scales, drug use, delinquency, and aggression. These findings have implications for using the WAI, particularly in studies of adolescent problem behaviors. PMID:11147106

Farrell, A D; Sullivan, T N

2000-12-01

14

Joint Trajectories of Symptoms of Disruptive Behavior Problems and Depressive Symptoms During Early Adolescence and Adjustment Problems During Emerging Adulthood  

PubMed Central

The joint, longitudinal trajectories of symptoms of disruptive behavior problems and of depression were examined in a community sample drawn from neighborhoods with elevated rates of delinquency. Growth mixture modeling was applied to a 6 year transition period from childhood to adolescence, age 10 to 16 years, to identify latent classes of trajectories for each symptom type. Several classes emerged for the two types of symptoms, namely a group of youth with high levels of disruptive behavior, a group with increasing levels, and a group with low levels, as well as a group with increasing levels of depression, a group with high levels, a group with decreasing levels, and a group with low levels. Within each symptom type, membership in either the high or in the increasing classes was related to a variety of problematic outcomes during emerging adulthood. The co-occurrence of the disruptive behavior and depression classes was then evaluated using parallel process analysis. Youth exhibiting high depressive symptoms were at increased risk for disruptive behavior problems, and youth with increasing disruptive behavior problems were at risk for depressive symptoms. However, only a very small number of youth had both a high depression trajectory and a high disruptive behavior trajectory. Implications of the findings for the design of prevention and treatment programs are discussed.

Eddy, J. Mark; Dishion, Thomas J.; Reid, John B.

2013-01-01

15

Detained Adolescent Females' Multiple Mental Health and Adjustment Problem Outcomes in Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Although prior studies have shown that detained females are marked by significant adverse circumstances, little is known about their adult outcomes. Method: Prospective follow-up study of 184 (80.4% of original sample of 229) detained adolescent females who were reassessed 4.5 SD = 0.6) years later in young adulthood (mean age = 20.0,…

van der Molen, E.; Vermeiren, R. R. J. M.; Krabbendam, A. A.; Beekman, A. T. F.; Doreleijers, T. A. H.; Jansen, L. M. C.

2013-01-01

16

Psychological Adjustment in Young Korean American Adolescents and Parental Warmth  

PubMed Central

Problem: The relation between parental warmth and psychological adjustment is not known for young Korean American adolescents. Methods: 103 adolescents' perceived parental warmth and psychological adjustment were assessed using, respectively, the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire and the Child Personality Assessment Questionnaire. Findings: Low perceived maternal and paternal warmth were positively related to adolescents' overall poor psychological adjustment and almost all of its attributes. When maternal and paternal warmth were entered simultaneously into the regression equation, only low maternal warmth was related to adolescents' poor psychological adjustment. Conclusion: Perceived parental warmth is important in predicting young adolescents' psychological adjustment as suggested in the parental acceptance-rejection theory.

Kim, Eunjung

2008-01-01

17

PROBLEMS OF ADOLESCENCE.  

PubMed

Adolescence is a period of active growth and development-physical, sexual, social and emotional. There are wide normal variations between the time of onset and the attainment of full maturity. Many adolescents present few if any problems during this potentially turbulent period, and make the necessary adjustments without undue stress to themselves, their family or their friends. Problems in growth and hormonal balance, presenting as short and tall teenagers, menstrual irregularities, obesity and acne are discussed. The impact of chronic disease-diabetes, convulsive disorders and rheumatic carditis-is a challenge to the skills and patience of the practising physician. PMID:14156831

MEDOVY, H

1964-06-13

18

Parent-Adolescent Conflicts, Conflict Resolution Types, and Adolescent Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the moderating role of conflict resolution on the association between parent-adolescent conflicts and adolescent problematic adjustment. Participants were 1313 Dutch early and middle adolescents who completed measures on conflict frequency, conflict resolution with parents, and internalizing and externalizing adjustment

Branje, Susan J. T.; van Doorn, Muriel; van der Valk, Inge; Meeus, Wim

2009-01-01

19

Work Adjustment and the Adolescent Soldier  

Microsoft Academic Search

A thesis condensation focusing on adolescence, adolescent development and work-play concepts as a basis for assessing and programming the work-play behaviors of the adolescent soldier in the interest of work adjustment. The article also proposes certain goals for extending the services of occupational therapy to the adolescent soldier in the military community by examining the hospitalization versus the non-hospitalization approaches

Phillip D. Shannon

1983-01-01

20

Effects of Timing of Adversity on Adolescent and Young Adult Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exposure to adversity during childhood and adolescence predicts adjustment across development. Furthermore, adolescent adjustment problems persist into young adulthood. This study examined relations of contextual adversity with concurrent adolescent adjustment and prospective mental health and health outcomes in young adulthood. A longitudinal…

Kiff, Cara J.; Cortes, Rebecca C.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Kosterman, Rick; Hawkins, J. David; Mason, W. Alex

2012-01-01

21

Identifying Adolescent Sleep Problems  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the efficacy of self-report and parental report of adolescent sleep problems and compare these findings to the incidence of adolescents who fulfill clinical criteria for a sleep problem. Sleep and daytime functioning factors that predict adolescents’ self-identification of a sleep problem will also be examined. Method 308 adolescents (aged 13–17 years) from eight socioeconomically diverse South Australian high schools participated in this study. Participants completed a survey battery during class time, followed by a 7-day Sleep Diary and the Flinders Fatigue Scale completed on the final day of the study. Parents completed a Sleep, Medical, Education and Family History Survey. Results The percentage of adolescents fulfilling one or more of the criteria for a sleep problem was inordinately high at 66%. Adolescent self-reporting a sleep problem was significantly lower than the adolescents who had one or more of the clinical criteria for a sleep problem (23.1% vs. 66.6%; ?2?=?17.46, p<.001). Parental report of their adolescent having a sleep problem was significantly lower than adolescent self-report (14.3% vs. 21.1%, p<.001). Adolescents who reported unrefreshing sleep were 4.81 times more likely to report a sleep problem. For every hour that bedtime was delayed, the odds of self-reporting a sleep problem increased by 1.91 times, while each additional 10 minutes taken to fall asleep increased the odds 1.40 times. Conclusion While many adolescents were found to have sleep patterns indicative of a sleep problem, only a third of this number self-identify having a sleep problem, while only a sixth of this number are indicated by parental report. This study highlights important features to target in future sleep education and intervention strategies for both adolescents and parents.

Short, Michelle A.; Gradisar, Michael; Gill, Jason; Camfferman, Danny

2013-01-01

22

Development of Adjustment Problems in Girls: What Syndromes Emerge?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined adjustment problems from late childhood to early adulthood among 500 Swedish girls. Found a diversified pattern of multisyndrome formation in late childhood. The syndrome structure in early adolescence identified externalizing adjustment problems and peer problems. An externalizing syndrome was stable between late childhood and early…

Wangby, Margit; Bergman, Lars R.; Magnusson, David

1999-01-01

23

Problems of Adjustment to School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, one of several written for a comprehensive policy study of early childhood education in Illinois, examines and summarizes the literature on the problems of young children in adjusting to starting school full-time and describes the nature and extent of their difficulties in relation to statewide educational policy. The review of studies…

Bartolini, Leandro A.

24

Adolescent Siblings in Stepfamilies: Family Functioning and Adolescent Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined family relationships and adjustment of two adolescent siblings in non-stepfamilies and in stabilized simple and complex stepfamilies. Found that complex stepfamilies were more different from non-stepfamilies than simple stepfamilies in which all children were fully biologically related siblings from mothers' previous marriage. Adolescents

Hetherington, E. Mavis; Henderson, Sandra H.; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Insabella, Glendessa M.; Taylor, Lorraine; Anderson, Edward R.; Skaggs, Monica J.; Jodl, Kathleen M.; Bridges, Margaret; Kim, Jungmeen E.; Mitchell, Anne S.; Chan, Raymond W.

1999-01-01

25

Problems of adolescents sexuality.  

PubMed Central

Recent discussions highlighted adolescents' sexual behaviour, but published studies concentrate on specific problems or subgroups of patients without addressing factors related to sexuality. To obtain a broad picture we studied two groups of adolescents attending genito-urinary medicine/sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in contrasting areas of Britain, inner London and Swansea. These were evaluated for referral pattern, sexual partner, contraception, obstetric history, sexually transmitted disease, and cervical cytology findings. Over half the adolescents referred themselves but few doctors other than general practitioners referred patients. Sexual partners were regarded by males as casual but by females as regular. Only 66% (81) of females practised contraception. Adolescents had more STD's than the total clinic population except for genital herpes simplex infection, and a high prevalence of genital warts in females has important future implications. The main conclusions were that there is a need for sexually related education targetted at adolescents and their health care providers, especially doctors.

Whatley, J; Thin, N; Reynolds, B; Blackwell, A

1989-01-01

26

Southeast Asian Adolescents: Identity and Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Southeast Asian refugee youth in the United States must contend with significant cultural differences and long-term adjustment stress. While struggling to develop an adult identity, these adolescents must also work through the trauma of being refugees, adapting to a new culture without relinquishing the heritage fundamental to their development.…

Ascher, Carol

1990-01-01

27

Psychosocial adjustment in adolescent child molesters.  

PubMed

This study compared adolescent child molesters (n = 31) with nonsex offending delinquents (n = 34) and normal adolescents (n = 71) on standardized measures of social competence and psychological adjustment. The measures included the Adolescent Assertiveness Scale, the Survey of Heterosocial Interactions, the Self-Consciousness Scale, the Social Anxiety and Distress Scale, the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Norwicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale, and the Jesness Inventory. Results were consistent with predictions. Molesters showed significantly more global maladjustment than normals and were more socially anxious and threatened by heterosocial interactions than nonsex offending delinquents. A discriminant function analysis suggested that molesters, more than delinquents, were likely to perceive themselves as socially inadequate and to be externally oriented in their attributional style. Results support the hypothesis that social skill deficits and social isolation are risk factors that may predispose some adolescents to commit sexual crimes against children. PMID:2289186

Katz, R C

1990-01-01

28

Adolescent Adjustment Before and After HIV-Related Parental Death.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of HIV-related parental death on 414 adolescents was examined over a period of 6 years. The adjustment of bereaved adolescents was compared over 4 time periods relative to parental death and was also compared with the adjustment of nonbereaved adolescents. Bereaved adolescents had significantly more emotional distress, negative life…

Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Weiss, Robert; Alber, Susan; Lester, Patricia

2005-01-01

29

Hostile, aggressive family conflict trajectories during the transition to adulthood: Associations with adolescent Big Five and emerging adulthood adjustment problems.  

PubMed

The goal of this longitudinal study was to investigate the relation of adolescents' Big Five factor (BFF) personality to the development of different patterns of mother-adolescent hostile, aggressive conflict (MHAC) from late adolescence to young adulthood. Furthermore, we examined the prediction of Antisocial Problems (AP) and Depressive Problems (DP) in emerging adulthood from BFF and MHAC trajectories. 385 adolescents participated in this study (age 15-16 at Time 1 and 21-22 at Time 4). Using latent growth curve analysis, Low stable (69.1%), Medium Increasing, (23.3%), and High decreasing (7.6%) trajectories were distinguished. Low adolescents' emotional stability was directly related to AP and indirectly related to DP, throughout the mediation of both Medium Increasing and High Decreasing trajectories. Agreeableness was directly negatively related to DP and indirectly throughout the mediation of High Decreasing trajectory. Low Conscientiousness was indirectly related to DP, throughout the mediation of Medium Increasing trajectory. 385 adolescents participated in this study (age 15-16 at Time 1 and 21-22 at Time 4). Using latent growth curve analysis, Low stable (69.1%), Medium Increasing, (23.3%), and High decreasing (7.6%) trajectories were distinguished. Low adolescents' emotional stability was directly related to AP and indirectly related to DP, throughout the mediation of both Medium Increasing and High Decreasing trajectories. Agreeableness was directly negatively related to DP and indirectly throughout the mediation of High Decreasing trajectory. Low Conscientiousness was indirectly related to DP, throughout the mediation of Medium Increasing trajectory. PMID:24388703

Castellani, Valeria; Pastorelli, Concetta; Eisenberg, Nancy; Gerbino, Maria; Di Giunta, Laura; Ceravolo, Rosalba; Milioni, Michela

2014-07-01

30

Childhood Circumstances, Adolescent Adjustment, and Suicide Attempts in a New Zealand Birth Cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo estimate the prevalence of attempted suicide during adolescence in a birth cohort of New Zealand children studied to the age of 16 years and to examine the relationships among adolescent problems of adjustment, psychopathology, childhood circumstances, and risks of adolescent suicide attempts.

DAVID M. FERGUSSON; MICHAEL T. LYNSKEY

1995-01-01

31

Competitiveness, Gender, and Adjustment Among Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored whether trait competitiveness in late adolescence is more detrimental to females’ than males’ social and\\u000a psychological adjustment. Two types of competitiveness were studied, competing to win (CW; to dominate others) and competing to excel (CE; to surpass personal goals). Questionnaire ratings (by self and others) of 110 (53 females, 57 males, Mage 17.9 years) predominantly Caucasian (88.9%) high

David R. Hibbard; Duane Buhrmester

2010-01-01

32

Adolescent Problem Gambling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the high prevalence rates of pathological gambling in adolescents, research on this disorder is still in its infancy.\\u000a Our understanding of neurodevelopmental changes that occur during adolescence, and their influence on adolescent behaviors,\\u000a is still at an early stage. Longitudinal studies involving neuro-imaging, genetics, and behavioral assessments should help\\u000a advance our understanding of adolescents, and with this understanding should

Jon E. Grant; R. Andrew Chambers; Marc N. Potenza

33

Lying Behavior, Family Functioning and Adjustment in Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication between children and parents has been the subject of several studies, examining the effects of, for example, disclosure and secrecy on adolescents' social relationships and adjustment. Less attention has paid to adolescent deception. We developed and tested a new instrument on lying behavior in a sample of 671 parent-adolescent

Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Finkenauer, Catrin; van Kooten, Dyana C.

2006-01-01

34

Adolescent adjustment disorder: Precipitant stressors and distress symptoms of 89 outpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveResearch on adolescent adjustment disorder (AD) is scarce. We characterized adolescent outpatients with AD in psychosocial background and treatment received compared with patients with other non-psychotic disorders (OND). Furthermore, we explored precipitant stressors, distress symptoms and behavioral problems among males and females with AD.

Mirjami Pelkonen; Mauri Marttunen; Markus Henriksson; Jouko Lönnqvist

2007-01-01

35

Media Use and Adolescent Psychological Adjustment: An Examination of Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined media use and psychological adjustment (as indicated by depression and anxiety symptomatology) in a sample of 328 14- to 16-year-old adolescents. Primary goals of the study were to explore whether media use differs by gender, whether media use is related to adolescent psychological problems, and whether media use moderates the…

Ohannessian, Christine McCauley

2009-01-01

36

Media Use and Adolescent Psychological Adjustment: An Examination of Gender Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined media use and psychological adjustment (as indicated by depression and anxiety symptomatology) in a sample\\u000a of 328 14- to 16-year-old adolescents. Primary goals of the study were to explore whether media use differs by gender, whether\\u000a media use is related to adolescent psychological problems, and whether media use moderates the relationship between parental\\u000a alcoholism and adolescent psychological

Christine McCauley Ohannessian

2009-01-01

37

Are Ethnic Minority Adolescents at Risk for Problem Behaviour? Acculturation and Intergenerational Acculturation Discrepancies in Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the adjustment of Indian adolescents living in Britain as well as the links between parents' and adolescents' acculturation styles and the adolescents' problem behaviours. The sample consisted of 68 young adolescents (31 Indian and 37 English) between the ages of 10 and 13, and their mothers and fathers. Mothers,…

Atzaba-Poria, Naama; Pike, Alison

2007-01-01

38

Relation between Severity of Chronic Illness and Adjustment in Children and Adolescents with Sickle Cell Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study with 70 children and adolescents with sickle cell disease did not support the hypothesis that illness severity (measured by frequency of hospitalization) would affect adjustment (measured by IQ, self-esteem, social and personal adjustment, behavioral problems, school performance, and peer relations). (Author/DB)

Hurtig, Anita Landau; And Others

1989-01-01

39

Bidirectional Influences of Violence Exposure and Adjustment in Early Adolescence: Externalizing Behaviors and School Connectedness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study utilized cross-lagged longitudinal models to examine prospective, bidirectional relationships between witnessing\\u000a violence and victimization and three adjustment variables—delinquency, conduct problems, and school connectedness. Participants\\u000a included 603 early adolescent boys and girls (78% African American, 20% Caucasian). Witnessing violence was related to subsequent\\u000a lower levels of school connectedness and more conduct problems. For Caucasian but not African American adolescents,

Sylvie Mrug; Michael Windle

2009-01-01

40

A Neural Network Approach To Identifying Adolescent Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between quality of adjustment in adolescents and a set of psychiatric diagnoses, personality traits, parental bonding, and social support variables. Through the use of various questionnaires it was found that several variables (e.g. Conduct Disorder and Social Conformity) had a significant role in classifying adolescents

Nair, Jyotsna; Nair, Satish S.; Kashani, Javad H.; Reid, John C.; Rao, Venkatesh G.

2001-01-01

41

Psychosocial Adjustment of Adolescents and Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues with adolescents with intellectual disabilities have received little attention in the research literature. This study compared adolescents with and without intellectual disabilities on several indices of psychosocial adjustment. The participants were selected from a large longitudinal database and comparisons were made at three points in…

Mueller, Christian E.; Prout, H. Thompson

2009-01-01

42

Perceptions of Mexican American Adolescents and Parents regarding Parental Autonomy Promoting: Divergent Views and Adolescents' Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our study examined discrepancies in Mexican American adolescent-parent perceptions regarding parental autonomy promoting and their associations with adolescents' adjustment. A total of 138 Mexican American sixth graders reported their global self-worth and depressive symptoms. Adolescents and parents also reported their perceptions of parental…

Sher-Censor, Efrat; Parke, Ross D.; Coltrane, Scott

2011-01-01

43

CHILDREN WHO EXPERIENCE SIGNIFICANT SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GALENA PARK'S PROGRAM FOR EARLY DETECTION AND INDIVIDUAL PROGRAMING FOR CHILDREN WITH SUSPECTED SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT DIFFICULTIES HAS IDENTIFIED MAJOR PROBLEM AREAS INTO WHICH SUCH CHILDREN USUALLY FALL. APPROXIMATELY 10 PERCENT OF THE CHILDREN EXAMINED ARE THOSE WHOSE MOTOR COORDINATION IS DELAYED OR FAULTY. SUCH CHILDREN ARE THE MOST LIKELY TO BE…

MCGAHAN, F.E.

44

Adolescent adjustment and well-being: effects of parental divorce and distress.  

PubMed

This study investigates the long-term effects of parental divorce on adolescent psychological adjustment and well-being, and to what extent the effects are accounted for by parental psychological distress. Data were collected among 8,984 Norwegian adolescents (13-19 years) and their parents. Outcome variables were symptoms of anxiety and depression, subjective well-being, and three areas of school problems. Parental divorce was found to be associated with both higher mean levels and larger variances in adolescent problems. Divorce and parental distress contributed independently to adolescent distress, supporting the notion of "double exposure" effects. The prevalence of adolescents with substantial distress symptoms was 14% among those with non-distressed non-divorced parents and 30% among those with divorced and distressed parents. In general effects remained when controlling for demographic factors. Long-term effects of divorce on symptoms of anxiety and depression were stronger among girls than among boys. PMID:16433664

Størksen, Ingunn; Røysamb, Espen; Holmen, Turid L; Tambs, Kristian

2006-02-01

45

Toward a Transactional Model of Parent-Adolescent Relationship Quality and Adolescent Psychological Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study includes externalizing problems, internalizing problems, mother-adolescent relationship quality, and father-adolescent relationship quality in the same structural equation model and tests the longitudinal reciprocal association among all four variables over a 1-year period. A transactional model in which adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems are negatively related to the quality of adolescents' relationships with their parents and relationship quality

Kostas A. Fanti; Christopher C. Henrich; Kathryn A. Brookmeyer; Gabriel P. Kuperminc

2008-01-01

46

Adjustment of Adolescents of Parents Living with HIV  

PubMed Central

Family environment and rates of mental health and behavioral problems in HIV-negative adolescents and their parents living with HIV (PWH) were compared to adolescents and parents from non HIV-affected families living in similar inner-city neighborhoods. Adolescents and their parents were interviewed and a case-control sample was constructed. Data on sixty-two matched pairs of adolescents of PWH and those of neighborhood parents and forty-six matched pairs of PWH and HIV-negative parents were examined. Compared to neighborhood controls, adolescents of PWH experienced greater life stressors and family conflict and reported lower self-esteem. PWH reported greater emotional distress and substance use. However, there were no significant differences in emotional distress or externalized problem behaviors between the two adolescent groups. Clinical implications are discussed.

Wu, Nancy; Slocum, Suzanne; Comulada, Scott; Lester, Patricia; Semaan, Alan; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane

2014-01-01

47

Adolescent suicides with adjustment disorders or no psychiatric diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed characteristics of adolescent suicides (aged 13–19 years) with adjustment disorders (AD) (N=11) or no psychiatric diagnosis (N=3) in a nationwide adolescent suicide population (N=53) from Finland are presented. The data were collected in a psychological autopsy study of all suicides in Finland (N=1397) during a 12-month period in 1987–1988. Data collection included thorough interviews with the victims' family members

Mauri J. Marttunen; Hillevi M. Aro; Markus M. Henriksson; Jouko K. Lönnqvist

1994-01-01

48

Personal Fables, Narcissism, and Adolescent Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship among three personal fables ("omnipotence," "invulnerability," "personal uniqueness"), narcissism, and mental health variables was assessed in a large, cross-sectional sample of adolescents drawn from Grades 6 (n = 94), 8 (n = 223), 10 (n = 142), and 12 (n = 102). Participants responded to the New Personal Fable Scale, the…

Aalsma, Matthew C.; Lapsley, Daniel K.; Flannery, Daniel J.

2006-01-01

49

Stress, coping, and adjustment in mothers and young adolescents in single- and two-parent families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared stress, coping, and psychological adjustment in single (divorced or separated) and married mothers and their young adolescent children. Single mothers reported more daily hassles related to economic, family, and personal health problems, and more symptoms of depression, anxiety, and psychoticism. Single mothers also reported using more coping strategies related to accepting responsibility and positive reappraisal. After controlling for level

Bruce E. Compas; Rebecca A. Williams

1990-01-01

50

Relatedness, Self-Definition, and Early Adolescent Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concerns of young adolescents with interpersonal relatedness and self-definition assessed by the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire for Adolescents, were examined in relation to measures of maladjustment (internalizing and externalizing problems) and adaptive capacities (multiple dimensions of social competence and quality of relationships with parents and peers). Participants were four hundred ninety nine 6th and 7th grade students attending a large, ethnically

Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Sidney J. Blatt; Bonnie J. Leadbeater

1997-01-01

51

Adolescent's sexual problems in Korea.  

PubMed

This article discusses primary contributors of sexual problems among Korean adolescents. As a result of improved nutrition, physical maturity is occurring at an earlier age in Korean youths. On the other hand, marital age has increased; the average age for males to marry is 27.3 years and 24.1 years in females. Hence, these factors extend the time frame between onset of sexual maturity and marriage. Enrollment in schools has risen; middle school registration has increased from 74.2% in 1975 to 99.7% in 1985 and from 43.6% to 78.3% in high schools. Increased enrollment has also been observed at the university level which may promote prolonged educational periods; this focus on education may reduce sexual interest among students. Improved employment opportunities may also influence sexual behavior among adolescents; urban migration can encourage casual relationships. Changes in family structure and sexual morals has promoted liberal attitudes regarding sexual practices. Increased exposure to mass media has affected adolescent sexual problems; 99.1% of the households in 1985 possessed televisions. These sexual problems include onset of sexual intercourse at an earlier age, unwanted pregnancies, increased induced abortions, and early childbirth. Overall, sexual activity in females has risen from 3.6% in 1965 to 14.5% in 1981 and from 18.5% in 1971 for males to 27.7% in 1981. Pre-marital pregnancy rates have continually increased since 1950; this has resulted in a rise of unwed mothers' consultations which reflects adolescent childbirths. Sex-related crime have also increased; rape ranks 3rd in crimes committed by Korean youth. Sex education and family planning should be provided for adolescents. Furthermore, counseling services should be available to youth regarding unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, and contraception. The Planned Parenthood Federation of Korea provides youth sex telephone services in which adolescents can acquire information on sexual matters. Proposals needing implementation include family life education for parents and their children, sex education and counseling within the school systems, treatment centers for sexually transmitted diseases and pre/post natal care, and youth counseling centers. PMID:12316430

Kang, B S

1990-07-01

52

Predicting Early Sexual Activity with Behavior Problems Exhibited at School Entry and in Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth who initiate sexual intercourse in early adolescence (age 11-14) experience multiple risks, including concurrent adjustment problems and unsafe sexual practices. The current study tested two models describing the links between childhood precursors, early adolescent risk factors, and adolescent sexual activity: a cumulative model and a…

Schofield, Hannah-Lise T.; Bierman, Karen L.; Heinrichs, Brenda; Nix, Robert L.

2008-01-01

53

Bidirectional influences between dimensions of coparenting and adolescent adjustment.  

PubMed

Research on coparenting documents that mothers' and fathers' coordination and mutual support in their parenting roles is linked to their offspring's adjustment in childhood, but we know much less about the coparenting of adolescents. Taking a family systems perspective, this study assessed two dimensions of coparenting, parents' shared decision-making and joint involvement in activities with their adolescents, and examined bidirectional associations between these coparenting dimensions and boys' and girls' risky behaviors and depressive symptoms across four time points (6 years) in adolescence. Participants were 201 mothers, fathers, and adolescents (M = 11.83, SD = .55 years of age at Time 1; 51% female). Parents of sons shared more decisions, on average, than parents of daughters. On average, shared decision-making followed an inverted U shaped pattern of change, and parents' joint involvement in their adolescents' activities declined. Cross-lagged findings revealed that risky behavior predicted less shared decision-making, and shared decision-making protected against increased risky behavior for boys. For girls and boys, parents' joint involvement predicted fewer risky behaviors, and lower levels of risky behavior predicted higher levels of joint involvement. In contrast, boys' and girls' depressive symptoms predicted less joint involvement. The discussion centers on the nature and correlates of coparenting during adolescence, including the role of child effects, and directions for future research on coparenting during this developmental period. PMID:23539238

Riina, Elizabeth M; McHale, Susan M

2014-02-01

54

Identifying Russian and Finnish Adolescents' Problem Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to show that a syndrome of problem behaviours, i.e. early substance abuse, school and family problems and sexual promiscuity impairs normal development in adolescence. This comparative study looked for differences in the problem behaviour profiles of 15-year-old adolescents in the Pitkaranta district in Russia…

Kemppainen, Ulla; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Vartiainen, Erkki; Puska, Pekka; Jokela, Veikko; Pantelejev, Vladimir; Uhanov, Mihail

2007-01-01

55

Parental physical punishment and adolescent adjustment: bidirectionality and the moderation effects of child ethnicity and parental warmth.  

PubMed

This study used cross-lagged modeling to examine reciprocal relations between maternal and paternal physical punishment and adolescent misconduct and depressive symptoms, while accounting for stability in both physical punishment and adjustment problems over time. Data were drawn from a sample of 862 two-parent families and their adolescent children (52 % males; 54 % European American; 44 % African American; 2 % other ethnic backgrounds). Mothers' and fathers' physical punishment of their adolescents' ages 12 and 14 predicted increased misconduct and depressive symptoms among these adolescents at ages 14 and 16. Adolescent misconduct, but not depressive symptoms, at ages 12 and 14 predicted increased physical punishment by their parents at ages 14 and 16. Neither parental warmth nor child ethnicity moderated the longitudinal relationship between parental physical punishment and adolescent adjustment. Patterns of findings were similar across mothers and fathers. PMID:24384596

Wang, Ming-Te; Kenny, Sarah

2014-07-01

56

Explaining the Adjustment of Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to explain adjustment (diabetes-related quality of life, general well-being, and psychopathology) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes by testing the direct, mediating, and moderating effects of diabetes-specific and psychosocial factors, using an adapted version of the Disability-Stress-Coping model of Wallander and Varni. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 437 adolescents (54.5% girls; age range 11–19 years) with type 1 diabetes (mean ± SD diabetes duration 6.13 ± 3.78 years) were recruited from 25 hospitals in the Netherlands. Questionnaires were completed by the adolescents and their family members. Metabolic control was assessed by measuring A1C in all participants in one laboratory. RESULTS Diabetes stress mediated between A1C and adjustment, after controlling for protective factors, and explained an additional 16% variance in quality of life and a 15% variance in general well-being, whereas a 19% additional variance in psychopathology was explained by both diabetes-related and general stress. No moderating effects were identified after controlling for the main effects of all risk and protective factors in the model. CONCLUSIONS Both diabetes-related and general stress are critical predictors of the adjustment of adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Protective factors such as self-worth and social support may mediate the effects of generic stress and thus should be encouraged. Diabetes-related stress has the potential to displace the effects of protective factors and thus may play a critical role in the development of maladjustment in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Malik, Jamil A.; Koot, Hans M.

2009-01-01

57

Romantic relationships and adjustment problems in China: the moderating effect of classroom romantic context.  

PubMed

Theoretical and empirical research has shown that adolescent romantic relationships are associated with a wide range of developmental outcomes, including adverse consequences. The present study used a hierarchical linear model to examine the moderating effect of classroom romantic context on the association between adolescent romantic relationships and adjustment problems. Data were collected from 4776 Chinese adolescents across 106 classes and from 47 schools. The participants' ages ranged from 12 to 18 years. The results indicated that romantic involvement and breakups were associated with adolescents' depressive symptoms and delinquent behaviors. Moreover, the association between breakups and depressive symptoms depended on the classroom romantic context. Specifically, we found that adolescents who experienced breakups showed fewer depressive symptoms in classrooms where romantic relationships were common among classmates than in those classrooms where romantic relationships were rare among classmates. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:23182245

Hou, Jinqin; Natsuaki, Misaki N; Zhang, Jianxin; Guo, Fei; Huang, Zheng; Wang, Mianbo; Chen, Zhiyan

2013-02-01

58

Adolescent sexuality and its problems.  

PubMed

Adolescent sexual activity is increasing globally. Abstinence and a delay in the start of sexual intercourse may be the most effective methods in preventing the consequences of teenage sexual activity. However, these goals are seldom met. With the change in social norms, peer pressure and media influences; teenagers are engaging in premarital sex earlier. Family life education in countries like Sweden and Finland reduces teenage pregnancy and abortion. It is unrealistic to expect sexually active adolescents to stop their sexual activity. An effective contraceptive method will provide an alternative to prevent teenage pregnancy. Issues on compliance of contraceptive use, especially at the very outset of sexual activity should be addressed. Most of the problems associated with teenage pregnancy are now thought to be related to the social circumstances of the mother, the poor nutritional status before pregnancy and poor attendance at antenatal clinics. Risk-taking behaviour in this age group will also make them more prone to contracting sexually transmitted diseases. High risk groups should be screened and treated early. Contraceptive methods with protection against sexually transmitted diseases should be advised. PMID:8579322

Yang, M

1995-09-01

59

Certain Adjustment Problems of University Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 117 freshman and 113 junior women investigated their perceptions of the personal adjustment issues they faced and the solutions they arrived at during their experience at a university. Four areas of adjustment are discussed: underestimation of financial expenses; unfamiliar teaching techniques; large classes; and disillusionment with…

Jameson, Samuel Haig

1999-01-01

60

Father's and Mother's Psychological Violence and Adolescent Behavioral Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maternal and paternal psychological violence were examined as potential risk factors for internalized and externalized behavior problems displayed by adolescents. Childhood family violence (physical and psychological parental violence), current extrafamily violence (bullying and dating violence), and family structure were taken into account. A…

Melancon, Claudiane; Gagne, Marie-Helene

2011-01-01

61

Daily School Peer Victimization Experiences Among Mexican-American Adolescents: Associations with Psychosocial, Physical and School Adjustment  

PubMed Central

School bullying incidents, particularly experiences with victimization, are a significant social and health concern among adolescents. The current study extended past research by examining the daily peer victimization experiences of Mexican-American adolescents and examining how chronic (mean-level) and episodic (daily-level) victimization incidents at school are associated with psychosocial, physical and school adjustment. Across a two-week span, 428 ninth and tenth grade Mexican-American students (51 % female) completed brief checklists every night before going to bed. Hierarchical linear model analyses revealed that, at the individual level, Mexican-American adolescents’ who reported more chronic peer victimization incidents across the two-weeks also reported heightened distress and academic problems. After accounting for adolescent’s mean levels of peer victimization, daily victimization incidents were associated with more school adjustment problems (i.e., academic problems, perceived role fulfillment as a good student). Additionally, support was found for the mediation model in which distress accounts for the mean-level association between peer victimization and academic problems. The results from the current study revealed that everyday peer victimization experiences among Mexican-American high school students have negative implications for adolescentsadjustment, across multiple domains.

Gonzales, Nancy A.; Fuligni, Andrew J.

2014-01-01

62

Self-consciousness, friendship quality, and adolescent internalizing problems  

PubMed Central

The correlates between public and private self-consciousness and internalizing difficulties were examined during early adolescence. Friendship quality was assessed as a possible moderator of the relation between self-consciousness and maladjustment. One hundred and thirty-seven young adolescents (N = 87 girls; M age = 13.98 years) reported on their self-consciousness, internalizing problems, and the quality of their best friendship. Results indicated stronger associations between private self-consciousness and internalizing correlates than between public self-consciousness and internalizing problems, suggesting that private self-consciousness may be a stronger risk factor during adolescence. Contrary to expectations, evidence revealed that positive friendship quality may exacerbate some difficulties associated with self-consciousness. Results pertaining to friendship quality add to the growing literature on the ways in which friendships can contribute to adjustment difficulties.

Bowker, Julie C.; Rubin, Kenneth H.

2013-01-01

63

Assessing Adjustment Problems of Gifted Students in Hong Kong: The Development of the Student Adjustment Problems Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

An 18-item inventory, the Student Adjustment Problems Inventory (SAPI-1.8). was developed to assess the adjustment problems encountered by 290 Chinese secondary students who were nominated by their respective schools to join the Chinese University of Hong Kong gifted programs. The preliminary 32-item version of this inventory was constructed and then revised to reflect gifted students' adjustment problems in school and

David W. Chan

2003-01-01

64

Parents’ Promotion of Psychological Autonomy, Psychological Control, and Mexican–American AdolescentsAdjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexican–American adolescents are at an elevated risk for adjustment difficulties. In an effort to identify parenting practices\\u000a that can affect the adjustment of Mexican–American youth, the current study examined parents’ promotion of psychological autonomy\\u000a and parents’ psychological control as perceived by Mexican–American early adolescents, and explored their associations with\\u000a adolescentsadjustment in the context of acculturation. In 5th grade, 134

Efrat Sher-CensorRoss; Ross D. Parke; Scott Coltrane

2011-01-01

65

Discrimination and Mexican-Origin Adolescents' Adjustment: The Moderating Roles of Adolescents', Mothers', and Fathers' Cultural Orientations and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on Garcia Coll et al.'s integrative framework and the risk and resilience model, this study examined the relationships between adolescents' perceived discrimination and psychosocial adjustment and the moderating roles of adolescents', mothers', and fathers' cultural orientations and values, and adolescent gender in a sample of 246…

Delgado, Melissa Y.; Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Roosa, Mark W.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.

2011-01-01

66

A latent class analysis of maternal depressive symptoms over 12 years and offspring adjustment in adolescence.  

PubMed

The authors used data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development to model patterns of maternal depressive symptoms, from the period of infants' age 1 month to adolescence (age 12 years), and then examined adolescent adjustment at age 15 years as a function of the course and severity of maternal symptoms. The authors identified 5 latent classes of symptoms in 1,357 women, while also taking into account sociodemographic measures: never depressed, stable subclinical, early decreasing, moderately elevated, and chronic. Women with few symptoms were more likely to be married, better educated, and in better physical health than were women with more elevated symptoms. At age 15 years, adolescents whose mothers were in the chronic, elevated, and stable subclinical latent classes reported more internalizing and externalizing problems and acknowledged engaging in more risky behavior than did children of never depressed mothers. Latent class differences in self-reported loneliness and dysphoria were also found. Discussion focuses on adolescent adjustment, especially among offspring whose mothers reported stable symptoms of depression across their childhoods. PMID:19685946

Campbell, Susan B; Morgan-Lopez, Antonio A; Cox, Martha J; McLoyd, Vonnie C

2009-08-01

67

A Latent Class Analysis of Maternal Depressive Symptoms over 12 Years and Offspring Adjustment in Adolescence  

PubMed Central

We used data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development and latent class analysis to model patterns of maternal depressive symptoms from infant age 1 month to the transition to adolescence (age 12), and then examined adolescent adjustment at age 15 as a function of the course and severity of maternal symptoms. We identified five latent classes of symptoms in these 1357 women while also taking into account sociodemographic measures: never depressed; stable subclinical; early-decreasing; moderately elevated; chronic. Women with few symptoms were more likely to be married, better educated, and in better physical health than women with more elevated symptoms. Family size and whether the pregnancy was planned also differentiated among classes. At age 15, adolescents whose mothers were in the chronic, elevated, and stable subclinical latent classes reported more internalizing and externalizing problems and acknowledged engaging in more risky behavior than did children of never-depressed mothers. Latent class differences in self-reported loneliness and dysphoria were also found. Finally, several significant interactions between sex and latent class suggested that girls whose mothers reported elevated symptoms of depression over time experienced more internalizing distress and dysphoric mood relative to their male counterparts. Discussion focuses on adolescent adjustment, especially among offspring whose mothers report stable symptoms of depression across their childhoods.

Campbell, Susan B.; Morgan-Lopez, Antonio A.; Cox, Martha J.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.

2009-01-01

68

The Younger Siblings of Childbearing Adolescents: Parenting Influences on Their Academic and Social-Emotional Adjustment  

PubMed Central

The younger siblings of childbearing adolescents have poorer school outcomes and exhibit more internalizing and externalizing problems compared to their peers without a childbearing sister. We test a model where living with an adolescent childbearing sister constitutes a major family stressor that disrupts mothers’ parenting and well-being, and through which, adversely affect youths’ adjustment. Data came from 243 Latino younger siblings (62% female, M age 13.7 years) and their mothers, 121 of whom lived with a childbearing adolescent sister and 122 of whom did not. Individual fixed-effects models controlled for earlier measures of each respective model construct, thereby reducing omitted variable bias from pre-existing group differences. Results show that, for boys, the relationship between living with a childbearing adolescent sister and youth outcomes was sequentially mediated through mothers’ stress and parenting (i.e., monitoring and nurturance). For girls, however, the relationship was mediated through mothers’ monitoring only. Findings elucidate the within-family processes that contribute to the problematic outcomes of youth living with childbearing adolescent older sisters.

East, Patricia L.

2013-01-01

69

Predicting Early Sexual Activity with Behavior Problems Exhibited at School Entry and in Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth who initiate sexual intercourse in early adolescence (age 11–14) experience multiple risks, including concurrent adjustment\\u000a problems and unsafe sexual practices. The current study tested two models describing the links between childhood precursors,\\u000a early adolescent risk factors, and adolescent sexual activity: a cumulative model and a meditational model. A longitudinal\\u000a sample of 694 boys and girls from four geographical locations

Hannah-Lise T. Schofield; Karen L. Bierman; Brenda Heinrichs; Robert L. Nix

2008-01-01

70

Jocks, gender, race, and adolescent problem drinking.  

PubMed

Alcohol remains the drug of choice for many adolescents; however, the nature of the relationship between athletic involvement and alcohol misuse remains ambiguous. In this article, we used a longitudinal sample of over 600 Western New York adolescents and their families to explore the gender-specific and race-specific relationships between identification with the "jock" label and adolescent alcohol consumption, specifically problem drinking. Operationalization of problem drinking included frequency measures of heavy drinking, binge drinking, and social problems related to alcohol (e.g., trouble with family, friends, school officials over drinking). Self-identified adolescent "jocks" were more likely to engage in problem drinking than their non-jock counterparts, even after controlling for gender, age, race, socioeconomic status, physical maturity, social maturity, and frequency of athletic activity. Jock identity was strongly associated with higher binge drinking frequency in Black adolescent girls. This study underscores the need to distinguish between objective and subjective meanings of athletic involvement when assessing the relationship between sport and adolescent health-risk behavior. PMID:15237868

Miller, Kathleen E; Hoffman, Joseph H; Barnes, Grace M; Farrell, Michael P; Sabo, Don; Melnick, Merrill J

2003-01-01

71

Parent and adolescent adjustment to pediatric cancer: Associations with coping, social support, and family function  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents preliminary results investigating the relationship between parental and adolescent adjustment and coping and their relationship to social support and family functioning in a sample of adolescents (ages 11-18) with cancer and one of their parents. Parents and adolescents from two pediatric oncology clinics completed measures of distress, coping, social support, and family cohesion\\/adaptability. Low levels of distress

Peter C. Trask; Amber G. Paterson; Christine L. Trask; Cristina B. Bares; JoAnn Birt; Cathy Maan

2003-01-01

72

Family Differentiation, Peer Differentiation, and Adolescent Adjustment in a Clinical Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a study of the relationships among family system dynamics, peer network characteristics and adolescent personal adjustment. Specific characteristics of both the family system and the peer network are thought to have a significant impact on the adolescent's ability to master certain developmental tasks and therefore contribute to the adolescent's ongoing growth and development. Apart from the separate influences

Stephen M. Gavazzi; Stephen A. Anderson; Ronald M. Sabatelli

1993-01-01

73

Does Adolescents' Disclosure to their Parents Matter for their Academic Adjustment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of adolescents' disclosure to their parents in their academic adjustment was examined in a study of 825 American and Chinese adolescents (mean age = 12.73 years). Four times over the seventh and eighth grades, adolescents reported on their spontaneous disclosure of everyday activities to their parents, the quality of their relationships…

Cheung, Cecilia S.-S.; Pomerantz, Eva M.; Dong, Wei

2013-01-01

74

Parenting Behaviors and the Occurrence and Co-Occurrence of Adolescent Depressive Symptoms and Conduct Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 388 adolescents found a significant covariation between the elevated depressive symptoms and conduct problems. Observer ratings of family interaction indicate that (a) parents of 10th graders with and without later adjustment problems differed in their parenting behaviors when the adolescents were in 7th, 8th, and 9th grades; (b) parents of 10th graders with elevated conduct problems were

Xiaojia Ge; Karin M. Best; Rand D. Conger; Ronald L. Simons

1996-01-01

75

Genetic and Environmental Components of Adolescent Adjustment and Parental Behavior: A Multivariate Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent adjustment measures may be related to each other and to the social environment in various ways. Are these relationships similar in genetic and environmental sources of covariation, or different? A multivariate behaviorgenetic analysis was made of 6 adjustment and 3 treatment composites from the study Nonshared Environment in Adolescent

Loehlin, John C.; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Reiss, David

2005-01-01

76

Cumulative Family Risk Predicts Increases in Adjustment Difficulties across Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family is an important socialization context for youth as they move through early adolescence. A significant feature of this complex socialization context is the accumulation of potential family risk factors that may compromise youth adjustment. This study examined cumulative family risk and adolescents' adjustment difficulties in 416 two-parent…

Buehler, Cheryl; Gerard, Jean M.

2013-01-01

77

Mexican-Origin Youth's Cultural Orientations and Adjustment: Changes from Early to Late Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from developmental and cultural adaptation perspectives and using a longitudinal design, this study examined: (a) mean-level changes in Mexican-origin adolescents' cultural orientations and adjustment from early to late adolescence and (b) bidirectional associations between cultural orientations and adjustment using a cross-lag panel…

Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; McHale, Susan M.; Wheeler, Lorey A.; Perez-Brena, Norma J.

2012-01-01

78

Assessing Factors in Adolescent Adjustment as Precursors to Recidivism in Court-Referred Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Court-referred youth participated in an intervention program and completed the Reynolds Adolescent Adjustment Screening Inventory. Reoffending rates were tracked for 2 years. Antisocial behavior, anger control, and emotional distress were influencing characteristics for recidivism. The Reynolds Adolescent Adjustment Screening Inventory may serve…

Balkin, Richard S.; Miller, Janeen; Ricard, Richard J.; Garcia, Roberto; Lancaster, Chloe

2011-01-01

79

Parents' Promotion of Psychological Autonomy, Psychological Control, and Mexican-American Adolescents' Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mexican-American adolescents are at an elevated risk for adjustment difficulties. In an effort to identify parenting practices that can affect the adjustment of Mexican-American youth, the current study examined parents' promotion of psychological autonomy and parents' psychological control as perceived by Mexican-American early adolescents, and…

Sher-Censor, Efrat; Parke, Ross D.; Coltrane, Scott

2011-01-01

80

Language and internalizing and externalizing behavioral adjustment: developmental pathways from childhood to adolescence.  

PubMed

Two independent prospective longitudinal studies that cumulatively spanned the age interval from 4 years to 14 years used multiwave designs to investigate developmental associations between language and behavioral adjustment (internalizing and externalizing behavior problems). Altogether 224 children, their mothers, and teachers provided data. Series of nested path analysis models were used to determine the most parsimonious and plausible paths among the three constructs over and above stability in each across age and their covariation at each age. In both studies, children with poorer language skills in early childhood had more internalizing behavior problems in later childhood and in early adolescence. These developmental paths between language and behavioral adjustment held after taking into consideration children's nonverbal intellectual functioning, maternal verbal intelligence, education, parenting knowledge, and social desirability bias, as well as family socioeconomic status, and they applied equally to girls and boys. PMID:23880396

Bornstein, Marc H; Hahn, Chun-Shin; Suwalsky, Joan T D

2013-08-01

81

Diet and behavioral problems at school in Norwegian adolescents  

PubMed Central

Background Discussion about dietary factors in relation to behavioral problems in children and adolescents has been going on for a long time. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional relation between diet and self-reported behavioral problems at school in adolescents in the southern part of Norway. Design In total, 475 ninth- and tenth-grade students (236 boys and 239 girls) out of 625 eligible students from four different secondary schools in three different communities in Vest-Agder County, Norway, participated, giving a participation rate of 77%. The students filled in a questionnaire with food frequency questions of selected healthy (e.g. fruits, vegetables, and fish) and unhealthy (e.g. sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages, and crisps) food items, questions of meal frequency, and four questions regarding behavioral problems at school. Results Having breakfast regularly was significantly associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems (OR: 0.29 (0.15 ? 0.55), p?0.001). A high intake of unhealthy foods, such as sugar-sweetened soft drinks (OR: 2.8 (1.06 ? 7.42), p=0.03) and sweets (OR: 2.63 (1.39 ? 4.98), p=0.003), was significantly associated with increased odds of behavioral problems. At the same time, a high intake of fruits was associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems in Norwegian adolescents (OR: 0.30 (0.10 ? 0.87), p=0.03). All ORs are adjusted for sex and BMI. Conclusions This study shows that having an optimal diet and not skipping meals are associated with decreased odds of behavioral problems at school in Norwegian adolescents. Hence, it is important to improve the dietary intake and meal pattern of Norwegian adolescents. The cross-sectional design of this study limits any causal interpretations of the results of the study.

?verby, Nina; H?igaard, Rune

2012-01-01

82

Parent-offspring similarity in personality and adolescents' problem behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similarity in personality between adolescents and their parents may have considerable implications for adolescent well-being. We studied how the similarity in personality between 288 adolescents and their parents is linked to adolescent problem behaviour, and whether this link is mediated by warmth and control in the parent-child relationship and moderated by the personality type of the adolescent. Similarity in personality

Cathy van Tuijl; Susan J. T. Branje; Judith Semon Dubas; Ad A. Vermulst; Marcel A. G. Van Aken

2005-01-01

83

Parenting and Psychological Adjustment of Adolescent Immigrants in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parental and familial factors and their association with adolescents’ mental health were examined among former Soviet Union (FSU) immigrants and nonimmigrants in Israel. Questionnaires regarding parental control, inconsistency, and rejection, in addition to adolescent–family connectedness and psychological disorders, were administered to 83 FSU immigrants and 106 nonimmigrant adolescents. According to the results, FSU adolescents are less connected to their families,

Marwan Dwairy; Asnat Dor

2009-01-01

84

Effects of autistic traits on social and school adjustment in children and adolescents: the moderating roles of age and gender.  

PubMed

This study examined the associations between children's and adolescents' autistic-like social deficits and school and social adjustment as well as the moderating roles of age and gender in these associations. The sample consisted of 1321 students (48.7% boys) in Grade 1 to Grade 8 from northern Taiwan. Children's and adolescents' autistic-like social deficits were assessed using the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and their school and social adjustment (i.e., academic performance, negative attitudes toward schoolwork/teachers/classmates, behavioral problems at schools, negative peer relationships, and problems with peers) were assessed using the Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA). Both measures were completed by the mothers of the participants. Results from the linear mixed models demonstrated that autistic-like social deficits were associated with poor academic performance, negative attitudes toward schoolwork, teachers, and classmates, behavioral problems at schools, negative peer relationships, and problematic peer interactions. Moreover, gender and/or age moderated the associations between autistic-like social deficits and school and social adjustment problems. For example, autistic-like social deficits were more strongly related to negative school attitude, school social problems, and negative peer relationships in boys than in girls. Further, autistic-like social deficits were more strongly related to problems with peers in older girls than in older boys or younger children (regardless of gender). In conclusion, the present study suggests that autistic-like social deficits may place children and adolescents at increased risk for social and school maladjustment and that the extent of maladjustment may vary with the child's age and gender and the domains of adjustment under discussion. PMID:22960068

Hsiao, Mei-Ni; Tseng, Wan-Ling; Huang, Hui-Yi; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen

2013-01-01

85

Does Adolescents' Disclosure to their Parents Matter for their Academic Adjustment?  

PubMed Central

The role of adolescents’ disclosure to their parents in their academic adjustment was examined in a study of 825 American and Chinese adolescents (mean age = 12.73 years). Four times over the seventh and eighth grades, adolescents reported on their spontaneous disclosure of everyday activities to their parents, the quality of their relationships with their parents, and their parents’ autonomy support and control. Information about multiple dimensions of adolescents’ academic adjustment (e.g., learning strategies, autonomous vs. controlled motivation, and grades) was also obtained. Both American and Chinese adolescents’ disclosure predicted their enhanced academic adjustment over time. However, when American adolescents disclosed in a negative context (e.g., a poor parent-child relationship or controlling parenting), their autonomous (vs. controlled) motivation was undermined.

Cheung, Cecilia Sin-Sze; Pomerantz, Eva M.; Dong, Wei

2012-01-01

86

Does adolescents' disclosure to their parents matter for their academic adjustment?  

PubMed

The role of adolescents' disclosure to their parents in their academic adjustment was examined in a study of 825 American and Chinese adolescents (mean age = 12.73 years). Four times over the seventh and eighth grades, adolescents reported on their spontaneous disclosure of everyday activities to their parents, the quality of their relationships with their parents, and their parents' autonomy support and control. Information about multiple dimensions of adolescents' academic adjustment (e.g., learning strategies, autonomous vs. controlled motivation, and grades) was also obtained. Both American and Chinese adolescents' disclosure predicted their enhanced academic adjustment over time. However, when American adolescents disclosed in a negative context (e.g., a poor parent-child relationship or controlling parenting), their autonomous (vs. controlled) motivation was undermined. PMID:23006004

Cheung, Cecilia S-S; Pomerantz, Eva M; Dong, Wei

2013-01-01

87

EARLY DETECTION AND PROGRAMING FOR CHILDREN WITH SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE GALENA PARK SPECIAL PROGRAM IS AN EFFORT ON THE PART OF THE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION TO DETECT, AT THE EARLIEST TIME, ANY STUDENT PROBLEM WHICH MAY LEAD TO DIFFICULTIES IN SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT. ALL PHASES OF PUPIL PERSONNEL SERVICES ARE PLACED UNDER ONE COORDINATOR TO EXPEDITE SERVICES TO THE CHILD IN DIFFICULTY. EARLY DETECTION OF POTENTIAL PROBLEM

MCGAHAN, F.E.

88

Adjustment disorder and the course of the suicidal process in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAdjustment disorders are often associated with suicidal behaviour but there is little information regarding the nature of the relationship and the effect of adjustment disorders on the suicidal process. The authors' goal was to investigate the association of adjustment disorders (with depressed mood) and suicide in adolescents by means of a psychological autopsy study.

Gwendolyn Portzky; Kurt Audenaert; Kees van Heeringen

2005-01-01

89

Trait Affectivity and Nonreferred Adolescent Conduct Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined for profiles of positive trait affectivity (PA) and negative trait affectivity (NA) associated with adolescent conduct problems. Prior trait affectivity research has been relatively biased toward the assessment of adults and internalizing symptomatology. Consistent with recent developmental modeling of antisocial behavior, this…

Loney, Bryan R.; Lima, Elizabeth N.; Butler, Melanie A.

2006-01-01

90

Common sexual problems of children and adolescents.  

PubMed

The pediatrician is often expected by families to deal with sexual problems of children and adolescents. The physician should be able to identify problems and to guide parents in more meaningful communication and education of their children. Hopefully, he will be able to identify family conflicts and make the appropriate intervention or referral. He should be aware of his own sexual attitudes so as to avoid having his bias interfere with treatment. The childs behavior should not be isolated, but considered in the context of his family, his peers, and his own growth and development. Often, it is more useful to advise the family than to work with a young child. Adolescents present particular problems because of their conflicts over sexual identity, their reluctance to admit to problems, and frequently a mistrust of adults. They often feel a need for a trusting relationship with an adult, however, and are able to relate to a sensitive, non-judgmental professional. PMID:1101177

Satterfield, S

1975-08-01

91

Adjustment of Siblings of Children with Mental Health Problems: Behaviour, Self-Concept, Quality of Life and Family Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the adjustment of siblings of children with mental health problems. The participants had brothers or sisters receiving treatment at a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service within the Hunter New England Health Service, New South Wales, Australia. Seventy-five siblings completed questionnaires on their self-concept, quality…

Barnett, R. A.; Hunter, M.

2012-01-01

92

Latino Adolescents' Adjustment, Maternal Depressive Symptoms, and the Mother-Adolescent Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations between adolescent behaviors, maternal depressive symptoms, and mother-adolescent relationships. Latina mothers and adolescents (111 dyads) completed questionnaires and participated in videotaped discussions. Mothers' depressive symptoms related to adolescents' internalizing and externalizing behaviors and family…

Corona, Rosalie; Lefkowitz, Eva S.; Sigman, Marian; Romo, Laura F.

2005-01-01

93

Coping with the stress of parental depression II: adolescent and parent reports of coping and adjustment.  

PubMed

This study examined associations between adolescents' self-reports and parents' reports of adolescents' exposure to family stress, coping, and symptoms of anxiety/depression and aggression in a sample of 78 adolescent offspring of depressed parents. Significant cross-informant correlations were found between adolescents' reports of family stress, their stress responses, and their coping and parents' reports of adolescents' symptoms of anxiety/depression and aggression, but not between parents' reports of adolescents' stress and coping and adolescents' self-reported symptoms. Adolescents' reports of secondary control engagement coping and involuntary engagement stress responses mediated the relation between adolescents' reports of parental stress and parents' reports of adolescents' anxiety/depression symptoms. Moderate levels of correspondence were found in the correlations between parent and adolescent reports of adolescents' exposure to stress, coping, stress responses, and symptoms even after controlling for parents' current depressive symptoms. However, depressed parents reported higher levels of symptoms of anxiety/depression and aggression and more family stress than did their adolescent offspring. Implications for future research on coping and adjustment in offspring of depressed parents are highlighted. PMID:15677293

Jaser, Sarah S; Langrock, Adela M; Keller, Gary; Merchant, Mary Jane; Benson, Molly A; Reeslund, Kristen; Champion, Jennifer E; Compas, Bruce E

2005-03-01

94

Psychosocial Adjustment and Educational Outcome in Adolescents with a Childhood Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo conduct a retrospective follow-up study of psychosocial adjustment and educational outcome in adolescents with a childhood diagnosis of attention deficit disorder (ADD) and a group of clinical controls.

JULIE M. WILSON; ANN C. MARCOTTE

1996-01-01

95

The Mediational Role of Adolescents' Friends in Relations between Activity Breadth and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation addresses the mediational role of friends' characteristics between adolescents' activity breadth (i.e., variety in activity participation) and their later adjustment. Data were drawn from 2 longitudinal studies: the Childhood and Beyond (CAB; N = 925) study and the Maryland Adolescent Development in Context Study (MADICS; N =…

Simpkins, Sandra D.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Becnel, Jennifer N.

2008-01-01

96

Gendered Academic Adjustment among Asian American Adolescents in an Emerging Immigrant Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the academic adjustment of immigrant adolescents has been predominately conducted in large cities among established migration areas. To broaden the field's restricted focus, data from 172 (58% female) Asian American adolescents who reside within a non-traditional or emerging immigrant community in the Southeastern US were used to…

Kiang, Lisa; Supple, Andrew J.; Stein, Gabriela L.; Gonzalez, Laura M.

2012-01-01

97

Interparental Discord and Adolescent Adjustment Trajectories: The Potentiating and Protective Role of Intrapersonal Attributes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether associations between marital discord and trajectories of adolescent depression and delinquency varied as a function of intrapersonal attributes. Found that difficult temperament potentiated effects of marital discord on adjustment trajectories. Heightened perceived family support protected adolescents from adverse marital discord…

Davies, Patrick T.; Windle, Michael

2001-01-01

98

Relational Victimization: The Association between Recalled Adolescent Social Experiences and Emotional Adjustment in Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the relationship between relational victimization and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence has been established, it is unknown whether it extends into early adulthood. The current retrospective study investigated the relationship between recall of adolescent relational victimization and symptoms of depression, social anxiety, and…

Dempsey, Allison G.; Storch, Eric A.

2008-01-01

99

Relationships between Parenting and Adolescent Adjustment Over Time: Genetic and Environmental Contributions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the genetic and environmental contributions to the predictive association between parenting and adolescent adjustment in identical and fraternal twins, and full, half, and genetically unrelated siblings in nondivorced and stepfamilies. Found that cross-lagged associations between parental conflict-negativity and adolescent antisocial…

Neiderhiser, Jenae M.; Reiss, David; Plomin, Robert; Hetherington, E. Mavis

1999-01-01

100

Context Matters: Links between Neighborhood Discrimination, Neighborhood Cohesion and African American Adolescents' Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial discrimination has serious negative consequences for the adjustment of African American adolescents. Taking an ecological approach, this study examined the linkages between perceived racial discrimination within and outside of the neighborhood and urban adolescents' externalizing and internalizing behaviors, and tested whether neighborhood…

Riina, Elizabeth M.; Martin, Anne; Gardner, Margo; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

2013-01-01

101

A Family Process Model of Economic Hardship and Adjustment of Early Adolescent Boys  

Microsoft Academic Search

KATHERINE J.; ELDER, GLEN H., JR.; L~RENZ, 0.; RONALD L.; and WHITBECK, LESB. A Family Process Model of Economic Hardship and Adjust- ment of Early Adolescent Boys. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1992, 63,526-541. We propose a family process model that links economic stress in family life to prosocial and problematic adolescent adjustment. Employing a sample of 205 seventh-grade boys aged 12 to

Rand D. Conger; Katherine J. Conger; Glen H. Elder; Frederick O. Lorenz; Ronald L. Simons; Les B. Whitbeck

1992-01-01

102

Doing Well vs. Feeling Well: Understanding Family Dynamics and the Psychological Adjustment of Chinese Immigrant Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their average high levels of educational achievement, Asian American students often report poor psychological and\\u000a social adjustment, suggesting an achievement\\/adjustment paradox. Yet, the reasons for this paradox remain unclear. Drawing\\u000a on 5-year longitudinal qualitative interview data, this paper compares the family dynamics of two groups of adolescents from\\u000a Chinese immigrant families: non-distressed adolescents (n = 20) who have high levels of

Desirée Baolian Qin

2008-01-01

103

Marital Status, Marital Process, and Parental Resources in Predicting Adolescents’ Emotional AdjustmentA Multilevel Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between adolescent emotional adjustment and the family environment (i.e., family status, family process, and parental resources). This was done by way of multilevel analyses, with a sample of 2,636 parent-child couples of both intact and divorced families. The results indicated that adolescent emotional adjustment was clearly based on the family as well as on the

Inge Vandervalk; Ed Spruijt; Martijn De Goede; W. H. J. Meeus; Cora Maas

2004-01-01

104

Conflict, Support and Coping as Mediators of the Relation between Degrading Parenting and Adolescent Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively few studies have examined psychological maltreatment as a risk factor for adolescent psychopathology. This cross-sectional study evaluated mother-adolescent conflict frequency, maternal support, and avoidant coping as mediators of relations between mother's degrading parenting and adolescent conduct problems and internalizing. Analyses…

Caples, Heather S.; Barrera, Manuel, Jr.

2006-01-01

105

Conflict, Support and Coping as Mediators of the Relation Between Degrading Parenting and Adolescent Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relatively few studies have examined psychological maltreatment as a risk factor for adolescent psychopathology. This cross-sectional study evaluated mother-adolescent conflict frequency, maternal support, and avoidant coping as mediators of relations between mother's degrading parenting and adolescent conduct problems and internalizing. Analyses were conducted to determine if relations between model constructs were influenced by reporter, gender, or ethnicity. The sample included

Heather S. Caples; Manuel Barrera

2006-01-01

106

Interpersonal Competence Configurations, Behavior Problems, and Social Adjustment in Preadolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines interpersonal competence configurations in relation to students' concurrent behavior problems and social risks for later adjustment difficulties. Participants are 648 (345 girls, 303 boys) fourth-grade students (65% White, 6.9% African American, 19.5% Hispanic, 4.6% Asian, and 4.0% Other) from the suburbs of a major Midwestern…

Farmer, Thomas W.; Estell, David B.; Hall, Cristin M.; Pearl, Ruth; Van Acker, Richard; Rodkin, Philip C.

2008-01-01

107

Individual and Contextual Effects of School Adjustment on Adolescent Alcohol Use  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the effect of a student’s own school adjustment as well as the contextual level of school adjustment (the normative level of school adjustment among students in a school) on student's self-reported use of alcohol. Using a dataset of 43,465 male and female 8th grade students from 349 schools across the contiguous United States who participated in a national study of substance use in rural communities between 1996 and 2000, multilevel latent covariate models were utilized to disentangle the individual-level and contextual effects of three school adjustment variables (i.e., school bonding, behavior at school, and friend’s school bonding) on alcohol use. All three school adjustment factors were significant predictors of alcohol use both within and between schools. Furthermore, this study demonstrated a strong contextual effect; students who attended schools where the overall level of school adjustment was higher reported lower levels of alcohol use even after taking their own school adjustment into account. The results demonstrate the importance of both a student’s own level of school adjustment and the normative level of school adjustment among students in the school on an adolescent’s use of alcohol. Differences in school adjustment across schools were quite strongly related to an adolescent's own alcohol use, indicating that school adjustment is an important aspect of school climate. Initiatives aimed at improving school climate may have beneficial effects on students’ alcohol use.

Stanley, Linda R.; Edwards, Ruth W.; Harkabus, Lindsey C.; Chapin, Laurie A.

2010-01-01

108

Risk and protection factors in the peer context: how do other children contribute to the psychosocial adjustment of the adolescent?  

PubMed

As children become adolescents, peers assume greater importance in their lives. Peer experiences can either help them thrive or negatively affect their psychosocial adjustment. In this review article definitions for the types of peer experiences are provided followed by an overview of common psychosocial issues encountered by adolescents. Past research that has pointed to risk and protection factors that emerge from peer experiences during adolescence and the role of peer influences in the context of current issues relevant to adolescent education are discussed. Research suggests that friendships with deviant peers, involvement in bullying and the experience of rejection from the overall peer group are related to adjustment problems, whereas friendships with prosocial and academically oriented peers and social acceptance in the peer group are related to healthy development. Friendship quality, popularity among peers, and involvement in friendship cliques cannot be clearly categorized as either positive or negative influences, because they interact with other factors in shaping the development of adolescents. The promotion of social skills and positive youth leadership as an integral part of the student's learning process in school is recommended. PMID:24714885

Véronneau, Marie-Hélène; Trempe, Sophie-Caroline; Paiva, Alexandra Oliveira

2014-03-01

109

Improving the Social-Behavioral Adjustment of Adolescents: The Effectiveness of a Social Skills Group Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the efficacy of a social skills training intervention designed to improve adolescents’ social, emotional and\\u000a behavioral adjustment, Social Skills Group Intervention-Adolescent (S.S.GRIN-A). Seventy-four adolescents (ages 13–16 years)\\u000a and their parents were randomly assigned to either the treatment group (N = 40) or a wait-list control group (N = 34). Adolescents in the treatment and control groups were compared on global self-concept, social self-efficacy,

Amanda W. Harrell; Sterett H. Mercer; Melissa E. DeRosier

2009-01-01

110

Mexican-Origin Youth's Cultural Orientations and Adjustment: Changes from Early to Late Adolescence  

PubMed Central

Drawing from developmental and cultural adaptation perspectives and using a longitudinal design, this study examined: (a) mean-level changes in Mexican-origin adolescents’ cultural orientations and adjustment from early to late adolescence; and (b) bidirectional associations between cultural orientations and adjustment using a cross-lag panel model. Participants included 246 Mexican-origin, predominantly immigrant families that participated in home interviews and a series of nightly phone calls when target adolescents were 12 years and 18 years of age. Girls exhibited more pronounced declines in traditional gender role attitudes than did boys, and all youth declined in familism values, time spent with family, and involvement in Mexican culture. Bidirectional relations between cultural orientations and adjustment emerged, and some associations were moderated by adolescent nativity and gender.

Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; McHale, Susan M.; Wheeler, Lorey A.; Perez-Brena, Norma

2013-01-01

111

The quality of parent/child relationships in adolescence is associated with poor adult psychosocial adjustment.  

PubMed

This study used data gathered over the course of a New Zealand longitudinal study (N = 924) to examine the relationships between measures of parental bonding and attachment in adolescence (age 15-16) and later personal adjustment (major depression; anxiety disorder; suicidal behaviour; illicit drug abuse/dependence; crime) assessed up to the age of 30. Key findings included: 1) There were significant (p < 0.05) and pervasive associations between all measures of attachment and bonding and later outcomes. 2) Structural equation modelling showed that all measures of bonding and attachment loaded on a common factor reflecting the quality of parent/child relationships in adolescence. 3) After adjustment for covariates there were modest relationships (? = 0.16-0.17) between the quality of parent/child relationships in adolescence factor and later adjustment. The study findings suggest that the quality of parent/child relationships in adolescence is modestly related to later psychosocial functioning in adulthood. PMID:23352494

Raudino, Alessandra; Fergusson, David M; Horwood, L John

2013-04-01

112

Parental Support, Coping Strategies, and Psychological Adjustment: An Integrative Model with Late Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An integrative predictive model was applied to responses of 241 college freshmen to examine interrelationships among parental support, adaptive coping strategies, and psychological adjustment. Social support from both parents and a nonconflictual parental relationship were positively associated with adolescents' psychological adjustment. (SLD)

Holahan, Charles J.; And Others

1995-01-01

113

Injunctive and Descriptive Peer Group Norms and the Academic Adjustment of Rural Early Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study integrates diverse literatures on peer group influence by conceptualizing and examining the relationship of peer group injunctive norms to the academic adjustment of a large and ethnically diverse sample of rural early adolescents' academic adjustment. Results of three-level hierarchical linear modeling indicated that peer groups were…

Hamm, Jill V.; Schmid, Lorrie; Farmer, Thomas W.; Locke, Belinda

2011-01-01

114

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Adolescent School Victimization: Implications for Young Adult Health and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Adolescent school victimization due to lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) status is commonplace, and is associated with compromised health and adjustment. Few studies have examined the long-term implications of LGBT school victimization for young adult adjustment. We examine the association between reports of LGBT school…

Russell, Stephen T.; Ryan, Caitlin; Toomey, Russell B.; Diaz, Rafael M.; Sanchez, Jorge

2011-01-01

115

Emotion Regulation Profiles, Temperament, and Adjustment Problems in Preadolescents  

PubMed Central

The longitudinal relations of emotion regulation profiles to temperament and adjustment in a community sample of preadolescents (N = 196, 8–11 years at Time 1) were investigated using person-oriented latent profile analysis (LPA). Temperament, emotion regulation, and adjustment were measured at 3 different time points, with each time point occurring 1 year apart. LPA identified 5 frustration and 4 anxiety regulation profiles based on children’s physiological, behavioral, and self-reported reactions to emotion-eliciting tasks. The relation of effortful control to conduct problems was mediated by frustration regulation profiles, as was the relation of effortful control to depression. Anxiety regulation profiles did not mediate relations between temperament and adjustment.

Zalewski, Maureen; Lengua, Liliana J.; Trancik, Anika; Wilson, Anna C.; Bazinet, Alissa

2014-01-01

116

Familism, family ethnic socialization, and Mexican-origin adolescent mothers' educational adjustment.  

PubMed

The current longitudinal study examined how familism values and family ethnic socialization impacted Mexican-origin adolescent mothers' (N = 205) educational adjustment (i.e., educational expectations, educational utility), and whether these associations were moderated by adolescent mothers' ethnic centrality. Findings indicated that adolescent mothers' reports of familism values and family ethnic socialization were positively associated with their beliefs about educational utility, but not educational expectations. Ethnic centrality moderated the association between adolescent mothers' familism values and educational utility, such that adolescent mothers' endorsement of familism values during pregnancy were associated with significant increases in educational utility after their transition to parenthood, but only when adolescents reported high levels of ethnic centrality. Moreover, ethnic centrality was positively associated with adolescent mothers' educational expectations. Results highlight the importance of familism, ethnic socialization, and ethnic centrality for promoting Mexican-origin adolescent mothers' educational outcomes. Findings are discussed with respect to understanding adolescent mothers' educational adjustment in the context of family and culture. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25045950

Bravo, Diamond Y; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J; Guimond, Amy B; Updegraff, Kimberly A; Jahromi, Laudan B

2014-07-01

117

Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescents: Hopelessness, Depression, Problems and Problem-Solving.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines adolescents who have taken overdoses and analyzes the type and severity of their problems. Results show that hopelessness in adolescent self-harm is an important independent variable. Adolescents reported a wide range of problems with severe and significant problems particularly in the area of family relationships and school. (RJM)

McLaughlin, Jo-Ann; And Others

1996-01-01

118

Growth in Temperament and Parenting as Predictors of Adjustment During Children's Transition to Adolescence  

PubMed Central

The author examined relations among demographic risk (income, maternal education, single-parent status), growth in temperament (fear, irritability, effortful control), and parenting (rejection, inconsistent discipline) across 3 years and the prediction of children’s adjustment problems in a community sample (N = 190; ages 8–12 years at Time 1). Family income was related to higher initial levels of fear, irritability, rejection, and inconsistency and lower effortful control but was not related to changes in these variables. Higher initial rejection predicted increases in child fear and irritability. Higher initial fear predicted decreases in rejection and inconsistency. Higher initial irritability predicted increases in inconsistency, and higher initial effortful control predicted decreases in rejection. When growth of parenting and temperament were considered simultaneously, increases in effortful control and decreases in fear and irritability predicted lower Time 3 internalizing and externalizing problems. Increases in rejection and inconsistent discipline predicted higher Time 3 externalizing, although sometimes the effect appeared to be indirect through temperament. The findings suggest that temperament and parenting predict changes in each other and predict adjustment during the transition to adolescence.

Lengua, Liliana J.

2014-01-01

119

Preference-for-solitude and Adjustment Difficulties in Early and Late Adolescence  

PubMed Central

Objective Social withdrawal has been associated with adjustment difficulties across development. Although much is known about shyness, little is known about preference-for-solitude; even less is known about its relations with adjustment across different periods of adolescence. We examined whether preference-for-solitude might be differentially associated with adjustment difficulties in early and late adolescence. Method Self and parent-reports of withdrawal motivations and adjustment were collected from 234 8th graders (113 boys; M age = 13.43) and 204 12th graders (91 boys; M age = 17.25). Results Results from structural equation modeling demonstrated that above and beyond the effects of shyness, preference-for-solitude was more strongly associated with adjustment difficulties in 8th grade than in 12th grade. Preference-for-solitude was associated with greater anxiety/depression, emotion dysregulation, and lower self-esteem in 8th grade; these relations were not found in 12th grade. Although preference-for-solitude was associated with lower social competence in both 8th and 12th grades, this relation was significantly stronger in 8th grade than in 12th grade. Conclusion Findings suggest preference-for-solitude has closer ties to maladjustment in early adolescence than in late adolescence. Interventions targeting preferred-solitary youth in early adolescence may be particularly fruitful.

Wang, Jennifer M.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Laursen, Brett; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn; Rose-Krasnor, Linda

2013-01-01

120

A Developmental Study of the Relationship Among Irrational Beliefs, Behavior Problems, and Neuroticism in Adolescent Boys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rational-Emotive Therapy states that maladaptive behaviors and emotional problems are the result of certain irrational beliefs that people hold and a number of empirical investigations with adult subjects have supported this claim. To determine whether the relationship between irrationality and psychological adjustment holds for adolescents, one…

Spirito, Anthony; Erickson, Marilyn T.

121

Does neighborhood social capital buffer the effects of maternal depression on adolescent behavior problems?  

PubMed

Neighborhood characteristics have been shown to impact child well-being. However, it remains unclear how these factors combine with family characteristics to influence child development. The current study helps develop that understanding by investigating how neighborhoods directly impact child and adolescent behavior problems as well as moderate the influence of family characteristics on behavior. Using multilevel linear models, we examined the relationship among neighborhood conditions (poverty and social capital) and maternal depression on child and adolescent behavior problems. The sample included 741 children, age 5–11, and 564 adolescents, age 12–17. Outcomes were internalizing (e.g. anxious/depressed) and externalizing (e.g. aggressive/hyperactive) behavior problems. Neighborhood poverty and maternal depression were both positively associated with behavior problems for children and adolescents. However, while neighborhood social capital was not directly associated with behavior problems, the interaction of social capital and maternal depression was significantly related to behavior problems for adolescents. This interaction showed that living in neighborhoods with higher levels of social capital attenuated the relationship between maternal depression and adolescent behavior problems and confirmed the expectation that raising healthy well-adjusted children depends not only on the family, but also the context in which the family lives. PMID:24659390

Delany-Brumsey, Ayesha; Mays, Vickie M; Cochran, Susan D

2014-06-01

122

Information management strategies in early adolescence: developmental change in use and transactional associations with psychological adjustment.  

PubMed

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report data (n = 218; 49% female; 49% European American, 47% African American) following Grades 5 (M age = 11 years, 11 months), 6, and 7 show that the use of disclosing strategies (e.g., telling all, telling if asked) following misbehavior declined while use of concealing strategies (e.g., omitting details, keeping secrets, lying) increased over time. Longitudinal links between strategies suggest a transactional process wherein infrequent disclosing is a gateway to concealment but concealment also predicts subsequent rank-order reductions in disclosure. Infrequent disclosing was associated with more subsequent antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms, whereas more antisocial behavior was associated with more subsequent concealment. Although absolute declines in disclosure and increases in concealment are normative, individual differences show that adolescents reporting low levels of disclosure, rather than high levels of concealment, appear to experience the most adjustment problems. PMID:22686172

Laird, Robert D; Marrero, Matthew D; Melching, Jessica A; Kuhn, Emily S

2013-05-01

123

The Risk of Social Interaction Problems among Adolescents with ADHD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights social-behavior patterns linked to peer relation problems in preadolescent children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Provides a review of evidence suggesting continuation of social problems into adolescence, including two studies' findings of the increased risk for social interaction problems in adolescents with…

Dumas, Mark Cameron

1998-01-01

124

Just Another Club? The Distinctiveness of the Relation Between Religious Service Attendance and Adolescent Psychosocial Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used hierarchical linear modeling to compare longitudinal patterns of adolescent religious service attendance and\\u000a club attendance, and to contrast the longitudinal relations between adolescent adjustment and religious service versus club\\u000a attendance. Participants included 1050 students (47% girls) encompassing a school district in Canada, who completed the survey\\u000a first in grade nine and again in grades 11 and 12.

Marie Good; Teena Willoughby; Jan Fritjers

2009-01-01

125

Community Violence Exposure, Threat Appraisal, and Adjustment in Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Validity data are presented for a new measure of threat appraisals in response to community violence. Adolescents (N = 358; 45% male; 91% African American, M = 12.10 years, SD = 1.63) and their maternal caregivers participated in two waves of a longitudinal interview study focused on the consequences of exposure to community violence. Structural…

Kliewer, Wendy; Sullivan, Terri N.

2008-01-01

126

Racial-Ethnic Identity and Adjustment in Canadian Indigenous Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study supported associations between three theoretically driven conceptualizations of racial and ethnic identity (REI; Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure; Multidimensional Racial Identity Measure; Bicultural Identity Measure) and with adaptive functioning among Canadian indigenous adolescents in middle school to high school. Age differences…

Gfellner, Barbara M.; Armstrong, Helen D.

2013-01-01

127

Parental Influences on Adolescent Adjustment: Parenting Styles Versus Parenting Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study identified distinct patterns of parental practices that differentially influence adolescent behavior using the National Educational Longitudinal Survey (NELS:88) database. Following Brenner and Fox's research model (1999), the cluster analysis was used to classify the four types of parental practices. The clusters of parenting practices…

Lee, Sang Min; Daniels, M. Harry; Kissinger, Daniel B.

2006-01-01

128

Public Ethnic Regard and Academic Adjustment among Latino Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether Latino adolescents' perceptions of personal support vis-a-vis those of ethnic regard by adults at school differentially relate to academic outcomes. Data were drawn from a sample of 156 Latino students (age M = 16.17, SD = 1.27; 61% girls, 39% boys) attending an urban high school. As expected, youth who perceived more…

Rivas-Drake, Deborah

2011-01-01

129

Forgotten Ages, Forgotten Problems: Adolescents' Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents an overview of adolescent health in the United States. Section 1 provides a brief introduction to the monograph. Section 2 presents one view of what constitutes adolescence and the threat to adolescent health, conceptualizing the latter to include health-compromising behaviors that put adolescents at risk for future…

Ellickson, Phyllis L.; And Others

130

Construct Validity of the Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents and the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales: Convergent and Divergent Evidence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents construct validity of the Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA) and the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales (PKBS). Convergent evidence of construct validity was observed for the PKBS Externalizing Problems scale and the ASCA Overactivity syndrome. Divergent evidence of construct validity was provided for the PKBS…

Canivez, Gary L.; Rains, Jaime D.

2002-01-01

131

The Younger Siblings of Childbearing Adolescents: Parenting Influences on Their Academic and Social-Emotional Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The younger siblings of childbearing adolescents have poorer school outcomes and exhibit more internalizing and externalizing problems compared to their peers without a childbearing sister. We test a model where living with an adolescent childbearing sister constitutes a major family stressor that disrupts mothers' parenting and well-being, and…

Chien, Nina C.; East, Patricia L.

2012-01-01

132

Examining the Moderating Role of Perceived School Climate in Early Adolescent Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined the unique and interactive relations of 4 aspects of student-perceived school climate (cohesion, friction, and competition among students, and overall satisfaction with classes) and adolescent effortful control in the conduct problems and depressive symptoms of 868 ten- to fourteen-year-old adolescents. Hierarchical…

Loukas, Alexandra; Robinson, Sheri

2004-01-01

133

Tipping Points in Adolescent Adjustment: Predicting Social Functioning from Adolescents' Conflict with Parents and Friends  

PubMed Central

Despite widespread interest in examining the role of conflict for adolescent development, researchers only rarely have examined adolescents’ experiences of conflict across relationships. The present study examined how adolescents’ experiences of conflict with parents and friends were linked to their social functioning. Adolescents (n = 189) and their mothers and fathers participated in semi-structured discussions about areas of adolescent-parent conflict in the laboratory. In addition, adolescents reported about conflict in their best friendships, and peers reported about adolescents’ social acceptance and behavior in social settings. Parent-adolescent conflict was associated with peer-reported aggression and delinquency, and friendship conflict was associated with delinquency and prosocial behavior. In addition, significant Parent-Adolescent Conflict × Friend-Adolescent Conflict interactions revealed that parent-adolescent conflict was associated with poor social functioning only when conflict with best friends was also high. The findings suggest that consideration of conflict across relationships may yield insight into the specific contexts in which conflict is associated with negative outcomes for adolescents.

Ehrlich, Katherine B.; Dykas, Matthew J.; Cassidy, Jude

2012-01-01

134

Trajectories of Psychosocial Adjustment in Adolescents with Spina Bifida: A 6-Year, Four-Wave Longitudinal Follow-up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: As a follow-up to an earlier cross-sectional study (Holmbeck et al., 2003), the current multimethod, multi-informant investigation examined individual growth in psychosocial adjustment across the adolescent transition in 2 samples: young adolescents with spina bifida (SB) and typically developing adolescents (N = 68 in both groups at…

Holmbeck, Grayson N.; DeLucia, Christian; Essner, Bonnie; Kelly, Lauren; Zebracki, Kathy; Friedman, Deborah; Jandasek, Barbara

2010-01-01

135

Same-Sex Peer Relations and Romantic Relationships during Early Adolescence: Interactive Links to Emotional, Behavioral, and Academic Adjustment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between early adolescents' involvement in romantic relationships and their emotional, behavioral, and academic adjustment, depending on same-sex peer relationships. Found a negative relationship between romantic involvement and emotional and behavioral adjustment for adolescents who were unpopular with same-sex peers.…

Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Doyle, Anna Beth; Markiewicz, Dorothy; Bukowski, William M.

2002-01-01

136

Links between Older and Younger Adolescent Siblings' Adjustment: The Moderating Role of Shared Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Siblings' constructive and unstructured shared activities were examined as moderators of the links between first- and second-born siblings' adjustment across a two-year period in adolescence. Siblings (N = 189 dyads) reported on their depression, peer competency, self worth during home interviews, and their time together in constructive (e.g.,…

Tucker, Corinna Jenkins; McHale, Susan M.; Crouter, Ann C.

2008-01-01

137

Relations of Cohesion and Power in Family Dyads to Social and Emotional Adjustment during Early Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined family cohesion and power in relation to depressive affect, social self-concept, and behavioral restraint in young adolescents. Cohesion and power were examined within the context of parent-child and mother-father relationships. The cohesive nature of family relationships affected adjustment more consistently for girls than boys, whereas…

Wentzel, Kathryn R.; Feldman, S. Shirley

1996-01-01

138

The Social Adjustment of Deaf Adolescents in Segregated, Partially-Integrated and Mainstreamed Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the social adjustment of adolescents who were deaf and enrolled in segregated (n=39), partially integrated (n=15), and mainstreamed (n=17) settings, comparing them with a control group of students without hearing impairments (n=56). These students in grades 8 to 13 in Ontario, Canada, were administered the Social Activity…

Mootilal, Anju; Musselman, Carol

139

Electronic and School-Based Victimization: Unique Contexts for Adjustment Difficulties during Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research suggests that school-based and electronic victimization have similar negative consequences, yet it is unclear whether these two contexts offer overlapping or unique associations with adolescents' adjustment. 802 ninth-graders (43% male, mean age = 15.84 years), majority being Caucasian (82%), completed measures assessing the…

Fredstrom, Bridget K.; Adams, Ryan E.; Gilman, Rich

2011-01-01

140

Understanding Links between Punitive Parenting and Adolescent Adjustment: The Relevance of Context and Reciprocal Associations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is considerable debate regarding the extent to which punitive parenting adversely impacts youth well-being. Using an ecological-transactional model of human development, we examined reciprocity and contextual variability in associations between maternal punitive discipline and adolescent adjustment among 1,147 low-income, urban youth…

Roche, Kathleen M.; Ghazarian, Sharon R.; Little, Todd D.; Leventhal, Tama

2011-01-01

141

Financial Strain, Neighborhood Stress, Parenting Behaviors, and Adolescent Adjustment in Urban African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using latent variable structural equation modeling, we tested a theoretical model linking financial strain, neighborhood stress, parenting behavior, and adolescent adjustment. The sample consisted of 305 African American families living in inner city neighborhoods. Of the families, 40% were living at or below the U.S. poverty threshold. The…

Morrison Gutman, Leslie; McLoyd, Vonnie C.; Tokoyawa, Teru

2005-01-01

142

Psychosocial Adjustment and the Meaning of Social Support for Visually Impaired Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the psychosocial adjustment and the meaning of social support for 316 Dutch individuals (ages 14-24) with visual impairments. Findings indicate social support, especially the support of peers, was important. The differences between adolescents with and without visual impairments proved to be small but significant. (Contains…

Kef, Sabina

2002-01-01

143

Stability in Bullying and Victimization and Its Association with Social Adjustment in Childhood and Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the concurrent and longitudinal associations between stability in bullying and victimization, and social adjustment in childhood and adolescence. Participants were 189 girls and 328 boys who were studied in primary school and in secondary school. The mean age of the participants was 11.1 years in primary school and 14.1 years…

Scholte, Ron H. J.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Overbeek, Geertjan; de Kemp, Raymond A. T.; Haselager, Gerbert J. T.

2007-01-01

144

Southeast Asian Adolescents: Identity and Adjustment. ERIC/CUE Digest No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest reviews the issues of identity and adjustment faced by adolescent Southeast Asian refugees in the United States. Most teenagers from all the Southeast Asian ethnic groups have adopted the dress, hairstyles, and manners of American teenagers, yet their ethnic identity remains strong and specific. This is particularly true for refugees…

Ascher, Carol

145

Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents: Factorial Validity in a Canadian Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core syndrome factor structure of the Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA) was examined with a sample of 375 randomly selected Canadian youths in a large western city. The 6 ASCA core syndrome raw scores produced an identical two-factor solution as observed in samples of American youths. Principal axis exploratory factor…

Canivez, Gary L.; Beran, Tanya N.

2009-01-01

146

Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents: Factorial Validity Generalization with Hispanic/Latino Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Replication of the Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA) core syndrome factor structure with a sample of 124 randomly selected Hispanic/Latino youths is reported. The six ASCA core syndromes produced the identical two-factor solution observed in other samples. Principal-axis exploratory factor analysis using multiple factor…

Canivez, Gary L.; Sprouls, Katie

2010-01-01

147

The School Adjustment of Rural Adolescents with and without Disabilities: Variable and Person-Centered Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the school adjustment of adolescents with disabilities and their nondisabled peers in a national sample of rural high school students. The total sample consisted of 7,376 students: 6,704 nondisabled students, 70 students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD), 512 students with learning disabilities (LD), and 90 students…

Farmer, Thomas W.; Hall, Cristin M.; Weiss, Margaret P.; Petrin, Robert A.; Meece, Judith L.; Moohr, Michele

2011-01-01

148

Perceived Emotional Intelligence as Predictor of Psychological Adjustment in Adolescents: A 1-Year Prospective Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, emotional intelligence has appeared as a predictor of adults' mental health, but little research has examined its involvement in adolescents' psychological adjustment. In this paper, we analyzed the predictive validity of perceived emotional intelligence (attention to feelings, emotional clarity, and emotional repair) over…

Salguero, Jose M.; Palomera, Raquel; Fernandez-Berrocal, Pablo

2012-01-01

149

Fostering Emotional Adjustment among Nigerian Adolescents with Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the efficacy of Albert Ellis' Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) in fostering emotional adjustment among Nigerian adolescents. Fifty senior secondary school students were randomly selected and divided equally into experimental and control groups. The experimental group was treated with REBT twice a week for six weeks.…

Adomeh, Ilu O. C.

2006-01-01

150

Assessing At-Risk Youth Using the Reynolds Adolescent Adjustment Screening Inventory with a Latino Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factor analyses were conducted on scores from the Reynolds Adolescent Adjustment Screening Inventory (RAASI; Reynolds, 2001) representing at-risk Latino youth. The 4-factor model of the RAASI did not exhibit a good fit. However, evidence of generalizability for Latino youth was noted. (Contains 3 tables.)

Balkin, Richard S.; Cavazos, Javier, Jr.; Hernandez, Arthur E.; Garcia, Roberto; Dominguez, Denise L.; Valarezo, Alexandra

2013-01-01

151

Longitudinal Links Between Older Sibling Features and Younger Siblings’ Academic Adjustment During Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated prospective relations between older siblings’ support and academic engagement and younger siblings’ academic adjustment from 7th to post-8th grade. The study was unique in that it incorporated a sample of both African American and European American adolescents. Also investigated was the extent to which the gender constellation (same sex vs. mixed sex) of sibling dyads moderated prospective

Heather A. Bouchey; Erin K. Shoulberg; Kathleen M. Jodl; Jacquelynne S. Eccles

2010-01-01

152

Does Spirituality Influence Academic Achievement and Psychological Adjustment of African American Urban Adolescents?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study of 121 African-American urban adolescents, the use of spiritual support as a means of coping was found to be significantly related to psychological well-being and adjustment. The participants were high school freshmen in a midwestern city in an area where the student attrition rate had ranged from 55 to 65% over a 5-year period.…

Steward, Robbie J.; Jo, Hanik

153

Parental Substance Use and Adolescent Adjustment: A Micro-Level Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most research uses a family systems level approach to examine the long range impact of parental substance abuse on the family. In this article, a micro-level approach is used to examine the immediate impact of parental substance use on adolescent adjustment. (Contains 1 figure.)

Ohannessian, Christine McCauley; Hesselbrock, Victor M.; Ruddy, Kyrianna; Kramer, John

2006-01-01

154

Role Taking Ability, Nonverbal Sensitivity, Language and Social Adjustment of Deaf Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents study results regarding the social cognitive abilities of deaf adolescents. Explains that role taking ability and nonverbal sensitivity was evaluated in a series of tests. Reports low performance in social cognitive abilities. Suggests that language plays a role in social adjustment. Concludes that nonverbal sensitivity is an important…

Weisel, Amatzia; Bar-Lev, Hagit

1992-01-01

155

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Posttrauma Adjustment in Children and Adolescents: The Role of Personality Constructs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of exposure to traumatic events in childhood and adolescence is high and is associated with a host of mental health difficulties. However, not all trauma-exposed youth develop mental health difficulties in the wake of trauma, suggesting that other factors, such as personality and genetic influences, may play a role in posttrauma adjustment. In the present article, we provide

Josh M. Cisler; Ananda B. Amstadter; Nicole R. Nugent

2011-01-01

156

The Pathways from Parents' Marital Quality to Adolescents' School Adjustment in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the hypothesized pathways from parents' marital quality to Korean adolescents' school adjustment through the perception of self and parent-child relations. Based on previous literature and two major family theories, the authors hypothesized a path model to explain the process of how parents' marital quality influenced school…

Jeong, Yu-Jin; Chun, Young-Ju

2010-01-01

157

Predicting early sexual activity with behavior problems exhibited at school entry and in early adolescence.  

PubMed

Youth who initiate sexual intercourse in early adolescence (age 11-14) experience multiple risks, including concurrent adjustment problems and unsafe sexual practices. The current study tested two models describing the links between childhood precursors, early adolescent risk factors, and adolescent sexual activity: a cumulative model and a meditational model. A longitudinal sample of 694 boys and girls from four geographical locations was utilized, with data collected from kindergarten through high school. Structural equation models revealed that, irrespective of gender or race, high rates of aggressive disruptive behaviors and attention problems at school entry increased risk for a constellation of problem behaviors in middle school (school maladjustment, antisocial activity, and substance use) which, in turn, promoted the early initiation of sexual activity. Implications are discussed for developmental models of early sexual activity and for prevention programming. PMID:18607716

Schofield, Hannah-Lise T; Bierman, Karen L; Heinrichs, Brenda; Nix, Robert L

2008-11-01

158

Adolescents' and mothers' perceptions of the cognitive and relational functions of collaboration and adjustment in dealing with type 1 diabetes.  

PubMed

We examined how adolescents' and mothers' perceptions of cognitive and interpersonal functions of collaboration surrounding Type 1 diabetes differed and how they related to adolescent age, psychosocial, and diabetes adjustment. Adolescents (M = 14.16 years) and mothers completed questionnaires assessing the functions of collaboration for the adolescent, quality of the mother-adolescent relationship, emotional adjustment, and adherence to the diabetes regimen. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of perceptions of collaboration confirmed three dimensions: collaboration to compensate for cognitive function, interpersonal enjoyment, and frequency of collaboration. Although adolescents' and mothers' views of interpersonal enjoyment and frequency of collaboration converged, their perceptions of compensation were unrelated. Mothers' perceptions of adolescents' compensation were unrelated to perceptions of enjoyment and frequency. Both adolescents and mothers perceived less compensation and less enjoyment of collaboration with increasing adolescent age, but only adolescents reported collaborating less frequently with higher age. Better emotional adjustment and adherence occurred when mothers and adolescents perceived enjoying collaboration (controlling for mothers' acceptance) regardless of age. Enjoying collaboration at an interpersonal level may be an important avenue for successful diabetes management during adolescence. PMID:19102607

Berg, Cynthia A; Schindler, Ines; Maharajh, Shannon

2008-12-01

159

Personal values and involvement in problem behaviors among Bahamian early adolescents: a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Few studies, particularly in developing countries, have explored the relationship between adolescents and parental values with adolescent problem behaviors. The objectives of the study are to (1) describe adolescents' personal values, their problem behaviors, and the relationships thereof according to gender and (2) examine the relationship between parental values, adolescent values, and adolescents' problem behaviors among sixth-grade students and

Hongjie Liu; Shuli Yu; Lesley Cottrell; Sonja Lunn; Lynette Deveaux; Nanika V Brathwaite; Sharon Marshall; Xiaoming Li; Bonita Stanton

2007-01-01

160

Consumption of Soft Drinks and Hyperactivity, Mental Distress, and Conduct Problems Among Adolescents in Oslo, Norway  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined whether high levels of consumption of sugar-containing soft drinks were associated with mental distress, hyperactivity, and conduct problems among adolescents. Methods. A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted with 10th-grade students in Oslo, Norway (n = 5498). We used the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire to assess mental health outcomes. Results. There was a J-shaped dose–response relationship between soft drink consumption and mental distress, conduct problems, and total mental health difficulties score; that is, adolescents who did not consume soft drinks had higher scores (indicating worse symptoms) than those who consumed soft drinks at moderate levels but lower scores than those with high consumption levels. The relationship was linear for hyperactivity. In a logistic regression model, the association between soft drink consumption and mental health problems remained significant after adjustment for behavioral, social, and food-related variables. The highest adjusted odds ratios were observed for conduct problems among boys and girls who consumed 4 or more glasses of sugar-containing soft drinks per day. Conclusions. High consumption levels of sugar-containing soft drinks were associated with mental health problems among adolescents even after adjustment for possible confounders.

Lien, Lars; Lien, Nanna; Heyerdahl, Sonja; Thoresen, Magne; Bjertness, Espen

2006-01-01

161

The development of personality extremity from childhood to adolescence: relations to internalizing and externalizing problems.  

PubMed

This study investigated the development of personality extremity (deviation of an average midpoint of all 5 personality dimensions together) across childhood and adolescence, as well as relations between personality extremity and adjustment problems. For 598 children (mean age at Time 1 = 7.5 years), mothers and fathers reported the Big Five personality dimensions 4 times across 8 years. Children's vector length in a 5-dimensional configuration of the Big Five dimensions represented personality extremity. Mothers, fathers, and teachers reported children's internalizing and externalizing problems at the 1st and final measurement. In a cohort-sequential design, we modeled personality extremity in children and adolescents from ages 6 to 17 years. Growth mixture modeling revealed a similar solution for both mother and father reports: a large group with relatively short vectors that were stable over time (mother reports: 80.3%; father reports: 84.7%) and 2 smaller groups with relatively long vectors (i.e., extreme personality configuration). One group started out relatively extreme and decreased over time (mother reports: 13.2%; father reports: 10.4%), whereas the other group started out only slightly higher than the short vector group but increased across time (mother reports: 6.5%; father reports: 4.9%). Children who belonged to the increasingly extreme class experienced more internalizing and externalizing problems in late adolescence, controlling for previous levels of adjustment problems and the Big Five personality dimensions. Personality extremity may be important to consider when identifying children at risk for adjustment problems. PMID:24295382

Van den Akker, Alithe L; Prinzie, Peter; Dekovi?, Maja; De Haan, Amaranta D; Asscher, Jessica J; Widiger, Thomas

2013-12-01

162

Patterns of Father Self Evaluations among Mexican and European American Men and Links to Adolescent Adjustment  

PubMed Central

A mixed-method study identified profiles of fathers who mentioned key dimensions of their parenting and linked profile membership to adolescentsadjustment using data from 337 European American, Mexican American and Mexican immigrant fathers and their early adolescent children. Father narratives about what fathers do well as parents were thematically coded for the presence of five fathering dimensions: emotional quality (how well father and child get along), involvement (amount of time spent together), provisioning (the amount of resources provided), discipline (the amount and success in parental control), and role modeling (teaching life lessons through example). Next, latent class analysis was used to identify three patterns of the likelihood of mentioning certain fathering dimensions: an emotionally-involved group mentioned emotional quality and involvement; an affective-control group mentioned emotional quality, involvement, discipline and role modeling; and an affective-model group mentioned emotional quality and role modeling. Profiles were significantly associated with subsequent adolescents’ reports of adjustment such that adolescents of affective-control fathers reported significantly more externalizing behaviors than adolescents of emotionally-involved fathers.

Perez-Brena, Norma J.; Cookston, Jeffrey T.; Fabricius, William V.; Saenz, Delia

2013-01-01

163

The Adolescent Cannabis Problems Questionnaire (CPQ-A): Psychometric properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the widespread use of cannabis among young people, little research attention has been given to the development of psychometrically sound measures specific to cannabis related problems in this group. The aim of this study was to explore the reliability, validity and factor structure of a multi-dimensional measure of cannabis-related problems among adolescents. The Adolescent Cannabis Problems Questionnaire (CPQ-A) was

Greg Martin; Jan Copeland; Stuart Gilmour; Peter Gates; Wendy Swift

2006-01-01

164

Adolescents as mothers: An interdisciplinary approach to a complex problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pregnancy among adolescents, and especially among low-income adolescents, represents a high-risk situation from multiple points of view. When compared to data for the population at large, obstetrical outcome is worsened, subsequent educational attainment is poor, social prognosis is guarded, and repeat unwanted pregnancies are common. The surviving infants, similarly have relatively high incidences of medical and developmental problems. In recent

Howard J. Osofsky; Joy D. Osofsky; Norman Kendall; Renga Rajan

1973-01-01

165

Assessing Alcohol and Drug Problems among Adolescents: Current Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed current methods and problems in the assessment of alcohol and drug abuse among adolescents through interviews with professionals from 70 facilities. Results showed that methods used to assess adolescents varied greatly and that the professionals surveyed were receptive toward the idea of more standardized methods of assessment. (LLL)

Owen, Patricia L.; Nyberg, Leslie R.

1983-01-01

166

Depression, Conduct Problems and Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes among Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation study was to investigate the direct and interactive relationships between depression and conduct problems and substance abuse treatment outcomes in a national sample of adolescents participating in substance abuse treatment. This study involved a secondary analysis of data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's- Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study for Adolescence (DATOS-A), a multi-site,

Marcel Alejandro de Dios

2007-01-01

167

Violence Breeds Violence: Childhood Exposure and Adolescent Conduct Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships between childhood exposure to violence and adolescent conduct problems were investigated in a sample of 88 primiparous adolescent mothers and their children. Regression analyses revealed that witnessing violence and victimization prior to age 10 predicted delinquency and violent behaviors, even after controlling for prenatal…

Weaver, Chelsea M.; Borkowski, John G.; Whitman, Thomas L.

2008-01-01

168

Adolescents' Emotion Regulation Strategies, Self-Concept, and Internalizing Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among adolescents' emotion regulation strategies (suppression and cognitive reappraisal), self-concept, and internalizing problems using structural equation modeling. The sample consisted of 438 early adolescents (13 to 15 years old) in Taiwan, including 215 boys and 223 girls. For both boys and girls,…

Hsieh, Manying; Stright, Anne Dopkins

2012-01-01

169

Correlates of At-Risk/Problem Internet Gambling in Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The Internet represents a new and widely available forum for gambling. However, relatively few studies have examined Internet gambling in adolescents. This study sought to investigate the correlates of at-risk or problem gambling in adolescents acknowledging or denying gambling on the Internet. Method: Survey data from 2,006 Connecticut…

Potenza, Marc N.; Wareham, Justin D.; Steinberg, Marvin A.; Rugle, Loreen; Cavallo, Dana A.; Krishnan-Sarin, Suchitra; Desai, Rani A.

2011-01-01

170

Visual-Motor Problems of Adolescents Who Attempt Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Canter Background Interference Procedure with the Bender Gestalt Test, a group of 18 adolescent suicide attempters earned test scores indicating they had significantly more problems with visual motor coordination than did a control group of 21 adolescents. (Author/SBH)

Kenny, Thomas J.; And Others

1979-01-01

171

Jocks, Gender, Race, and Adolescent Problem Drinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alcohol remains the drug of choice for many adolescents; however, the nature of the relationship between athletic involvement and alcohol misuse remains ambiguous. In this article, we used a longitudinal sample of over 600 Western New York adolescents and their families to explore the gender-specific and race-specific relationships between…

Miller, Kathleen E.; Hoffman, Joseph H.; Barnes, Grace M.; Farrell, Michael P.; Sabo, Don; Melnick, Merrill J.

2003-01-01

172

Medical marijuana diversion and associated problems in adolescent substance treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe prevalence of medical marijuana diversion among adolescents in substance treatment and the relationship between medical marijuana diversion and marijuana attitudes, availability, peer disapproval, frequency of use and substance-related problems are not known.

Christian Thurstone; Shane A. Lieberman; Sarah J. Schmiege

2011-01-01

173

The emotional and behavioral adjustment of United states adopted adolescents: Part II. Age at adoption  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 4682 adolescent adoptees were divided into four groups, according to self-reported age at adoption: [adopted at] age 0–1 (infants), 2–5 years, 6–10 years, and above age 10. Comparisons among these four groups and a matched control group of nonadoptees were made on 12 factors of emotional and behavioral adjustment and family functioning. Results showed that as age

Peter L. Benson; Matthew K. McGue

1996-01-01

174

Stability in Bullying and Victimization and its Association with Social Adjustment in Childhood and Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the concurrent and longitudinal associations between stability in bullying and victimization, and social\\u000a adjustment in childhood and adolescence. Participants were 189 girls and 328 boys who were studied in primary school and in\\u000a secondary school. The mean age of the participants was 11.1 years in primary school and 14.1 years in secondary school. The\\u000a measures consisted of

Ron H. J. Scholte; Rutger C. M. E. Engels; Geertjan Overbeek; Raymond A. T. de Kemp; Gerbert J. T. Haselager

2007-01-01

175

Culturally Distinctive and Academic Socialization: Direct and Interactive Relationships with African American Adolescents’ Academic Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories of ethnic minority development have largely suggested that African American parents engage in a combination of practices\\u000a that include culturally distinctive socialization as well as behaviors that are characteristic of more universal forms of\\u000a academic socialization. However, few studies have examined how these socialization dimensions interact to influence the academic\\u000a adjustment of African American adolescents. The current study explored

Shauna M. Cooper; Ciara Smalls

2010-01-01

176

Emotion Regulation Profiles, Temperament, and Adjustment Problems in Preadolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The longitudinal relations of emotion regulation profiles to temperament and adjustment in a community sample of preadolescents (N = 196, 8-11 years at Time 1) were investigated using person-oriented latent profile analysis (LPA). Temperament, emotion regulation, and adjustment were measured at 3 different time points, with each time point…

Zalewski, Maureen; Lengua, Liliana J.; Wilson, Anna C.; Trancik, Anika; Bazinet, Alissa

2011-01-01

177

Adolescents' Views about an Internet Platform for Adolescents with Mental Health Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the needs and views of adolescents regarding the development of online support for mental health problems. Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured qualitative focus group interviews were conducted with ten groups of Dutch adolescents (n=106), aged 12-19 years, from four urban secondary schools…

Havas, Jano; de Nooijer, Jascha; Crutzen, Rik; Feron, Frans

2011-01-01

178

Perceived Problems of Leader, Non-Leader and Deviant Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compares the problems perceived by leader, non-leader, and deviant adolescents. A total of 2,948 secondary school students in the West Vancouver School District, British Columbia, were divided into three behavior groups and an analysis was made of the problems checked on the Mooney Problem Check List (MPCL) by members of each group. The…

Friesen, John D.; And Others

179

Are All Identity Commitments Created Equally? The Importance of Motives for Commitment for Late Adolescents' Personal Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of self-determination theory it is proposed that adolescents' motives for forming and maintaining identity-relevant commitments can be either autonomous or controlled in nature. This study examined whether motives for identity commitments would add to the prediction of late adolescents' adjustment beyond the effect of strength of…

Soenens, Bart; Berzonsky, Michael D.; Dunkel, Curtis S.; Papini, Dennis R.; Vansteenkiste, Maarten

2011-01-01

180

The Mediating Role of Self-Regulation between Intrafamilial Violence and Mental Health Adjustment in Incarcerated Male Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the relation between history of intrafamilial violence and self-regulatory capacity, cognitive processing, and mental health adjustment in incarcerated adolescents. Adolescents were incarcerated at the time of the study for various violent offenses, ranging from persistent delinquency to sexual assault (n = 115). A model…

Perkins, Suzanne C.; Cortina, Kai S.; Smith-Darden, Joanne P.; Graham-Bermann, Sandra A.

2012-01-01

181

Ethnic Identity and Gender as Moderators of the Association between Discrimination and Academic Adjustment among Mexican-Origin Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing work has identified perceived discrimination as a risk factor that may contribute to the relatively poorer academic outcomes exhibited by Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. The current study examined the longitudinal associations among perceived discrimination and three indices of adolescent adjustment in the school setting (i.e.,…

Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Wong, Jessie J.; Gonzales, Nancy A.; Dumka, Larry E.

2012-01-01

182

Meaning in Life as a Mediator of Ethnic Identity and Adjustment among Adolescents from Latin, Asian, and European American Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Establishing a sense of life meaning is a primary facet of well-being, yet is understudied in adolescent development. Using data from 579 adolescents (53% female) from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds, demographic differences in meaning in life, links with psychological and academic adjustment, and the role of meaning in explaining…

Kiang, Lisa; Fuligni, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

183

Exploring the Relationship between Measures of Self-Esteem and Psychological Adjustment among Adolescents with Asperger Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study examines the relationships between self-esteem and psychological adjustment among 19 adolescents with Asperger syndrome and 19 typically developing adolescents using a model developed by Harter. The groups were matched for age (mean 13 years), sex (M:F 16:3) and ethnicity (white British). Participants completed four…

Williamson, Sara; Craig, Jaime; Slinger, Richard

2008-01-01

184

Adolescent Adjustment in a Nationally Collected Sample: Identifying Group Differences by Adoption Status, Adoption Subtype, Developmental Stage and Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated group differences in adolescent adjustment by adoption status and adoption subtype in a national sample, in contrast to group differences based on developmental stage or gender. Secondary analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were performed to describe group differences in a broad range of…

Burrow, Anthony L.; Tubman, Jonathan G.; Finley, Gordon E.

2004-01-01

185

Cumulative Risk and Adolescent's Internalizing and Externalizing Problems: The Mediating Roles of Maternal Responsiveness and Self-Regulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to examine longitudinal associations among maternal responsiveness, self-regulation, and behavioral adjustment in adolescents. The authors used structural equation modeling to test a model that demonstrates that the effects of early cumulative risk on behavioral problems is mediated by maternal responsiveness…

Doan, Stacey N.; Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E.; Evans, Gary W.

2012-01-01

186

Adjustment Trade-Offs of Co-Rumination in Mother-Adolescent Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examined co-rumination (i.e., extensively discussing, rehashing, and speculating about problems) in the context of mother-adolescent relationships. Fifth-, eighth-, and eleventh-graders (N = 516) reported on co-rumination and more normative self-disclosure with mothers, their relationships with mothers, and their own…

Waller, Erika M.; Rose, Amanda J.

2010-01-01

187

Interparental Conflict in Kindergarten and Adolescent Adjustment: Prospective Investigation of Emotional Security as an Explanatory Mechanism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advancing the long-term prospective study of explanations for the effects of marital conflict on children's functioning, relations were examined between interparental conflict in kindergarten, children's emotional insecurity in the early school years, and subsequent adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems. Based on a community sample…

Cummings, E. Mark; George, Melissa R. W.; McCoy, Kathleen P.; Davies, Patrick T.

2012-01-01

188

A Gender-Moderated Model of Family Relationships and Adolescent Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to explain why adolescent girls with conduct problems (CP) are more at risk than boys to develop emotional distress (ED) in a sample composed of Israeli-born and immigrant youth from Ethiopia and the former Soviet Union (n = 305, ages 14-18). We tested a structural equation model and found a very good fit to the…

Elizur, Yoel; Spivak, Amos; Ofran, Shlomit; Jacobs, Shira

2007-01-01

189

Associations between parenting style, physical discipline, and adjustment in adolescents' reports.  

PubMed

Recollections of physical discipline as absent, age-delimited (ages 2-11), or present into adolescence were associated with youths' evaluations of their mothers' and fathers' parenting styles and their own adjustment. Data were from the Portraits of American Life Study-Youth (PALS-Y) a diverse, national sample of 13- to 18-year-olds (N = 158). The modal experience of youth with authoritative parents was age-delimited spanking; the modal experience of youth with permissive parents was no spanking; the modal experience of youth with authoritarian or disengaged parents was physical discipline into adolescence. The age-delimited group reported the best adjustment (less maladjustment than the adolescent group; greater competence than both other groups). The positive association between fathers' age-delimited spanking and youths' academic rank persisted even after accounting for parenting styles. The eschewing of spanking should not be listed as a distinguishing characteristic of authoritative parenting, which was more often associated with age-delimited spanking than with zero-usage. PMID:24245082

Gunnoe, Marjorie Lindner

2013-06-01

190

Nicotine dependence and problem behaviors among urban South African adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tobacco use and its concomitant, nicotine dependence, are increasing in African countries and other parts of the developing\\u000a world. However, little research has assessed nicotine dependence in South Africa or other parts of the African continent.\\u000a Previous research has found that adolescent problem behaviors, including tobacco use, tend to cluster. This study examined\\u000a the relationship between nicotine dependence and adolescent

Kerstin PahlDavid; David W. Brook; Neo K. Morojele; Judith S. Brook

2010-01-01

191

Psychological adjustment problems in people with traumatic spinal cord lesions.  

PubMed

A traumatic spinal cord lesion causes not only physical injury but also an emotional state of crisis. The adjustment process is characterized by various phases, such as denial, depression and aggression. Psychological treatment is therefore essential: emotional catharsis, and the opportunity for the patient to tell his life-story, can enable the patient to gain a sense of order and perspective. Results from this study showed that the level at which a lesion occurs has no effect on the adjustment process. People with a cervical lesion seem just as capable as those with a thoracic lesion of achieving renewed psychological equilibrium. PMID:3953327

Orbaan, I J

1986-01-01

192

The Role of Family Conflict and Joint Decision-Making in Adolescent Problem Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined amount and type of mother-adolescent conflict and joint decision making in predicting a syndrome of adolescent problem behavior. Subjects, 73 adolescents ages 14 to 18 and their mothers, completed measures of conflict and decision making related to everyday household routines, adolescent deviant behavior, and adolescent

Kuperminc, Gabriel; And Others

193

Adolescents' posttraumatic stress reactions and behavior problems following Marmara earthquake  

PubMed Central

Background Although most children and adolescents exhibit some kindof postdisaster reactions, their symptoms vary depending on the age, gender, parental social support, disaster and postdisaster contextual factors. Objective This study examined adolescents’ postdisaster experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and behavior problems 13 months after the 1999 Marmara earthquake in Turkey. Design Participants included 695 adolescents aged 12-17 years, who resided in three districts of Izmit at varying distances from the epicenter (e.g., high (HI), medium (MI), and low impact (LI) areas). Measures included demographics, earthquake exposure experiences, ChildPTSD Reaction Index, and Behavior Problems Index. Results Findings revealed that 76% of the adolescents reported moderate to very severe levels of PTSD symptoms (82% HI, 70% MI, and 70% LI) after the devastating earthquake. As expected, the HI group reported more symptoms than did members of MI and LI groups. Overall, 39% of the variance in adolescents’ PTSD symptoms was accounted for by the degree of exposure and gender. Analyses also indicated an increase in the frequency of adolescents’ behavior problems following the earthquake. Conclusions The findings of this study have clinical implications for designing and implementing effective, developmentally appropriate, and culturally sensitive intervention programs for the victims of major disasters.

Dogan, Aysun

2011-01-01

194

Addressing the Problems of Homeless Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless adolescents, known as "unaccompanied youth," constitute a small but important portion of the overall homeless population, one that needs particular attention at school. In this article, we review existing literature to provide a background for educational leaders, researchers, and policymakers hoping to understand the phenomenon of…

Murphy, Joseph F.; Tobin, Kerri

2012-01-01

195

The relationship between parenting types and older adolescents' personality, academic achievement, adjustment, and substance use.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to examine Baumrind's T3 conceptual framework using a multiple informant design and an older adolescent population. With 178 college students and their families as participants, the present study found many of the predicted relations between parents' child-rearing style (Authoritative, Democratic, Nondirective, Nonauthoritarian-Directive, Authoritarian-Directive, and Unengaged) and their adolescent children's behavior in the 4 domains assessed: personality, adjustment, academic achievement, and substance use. The differences between parenting types on the criterion measures were not as large as reported in Baumrind's study, and significant effects were predominantly due to the poor scores from children with Unengaged and Authoritarian-Directive parents. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for the Authoritative parenting type, the utility of using a typology, and areas for future research. PMID:9022232

Weiss, L H; Schwarz, J C

1996-10-01

196

Parent-child shared time from middle childhood to late adolescence: developmental course and adjustment correlates.  

PubMed

The development and adjustment correlates of parent-child social (parent, child, and others present) and dyadic time (only parent and child present) from age 8 to 18 were examined. Mothers, fathers, and firstborns and secondborns from 188 White families participated in both home and nightly phone interviews. Social time declined across adolescence, but dyadic time with mothers and fathers peaked in early and middle adolescence, respectively. In addition, secondborns' social time declined more slowly than firstborns', and gendered time use patterns were more pronounced in boys and in opposite-sex sibling dyads. Finally, youths who spent more dyadic time with their fathers, on average, had higher general self-worth, and changes in social time with fathers were positively linked to changes in social competence. PMID:22925042

Lam, Chun Bun; McHale, Susan M; Crouter, Ann C

2012-11-01

197

Parent-Child Shared Time From Middle Childhood to Late Adolescence: Developmental Course and Adjustment Correlates  

PubMed Central

The development and adjustment correlates of parent-child social (parent, child, and others present) and dyadic time (only parent and child present) from age 8 to 18 were examined. Mothers, fathers, and firstborns and secondborns from 188 White families participated in both home and nightly phone interviews. Social time declined across adolescence, but dyadic time with mothers and fathers peaked in early and middle adolescence, respectively. Additionally, secondborns’ social time declined more slowly than firstborns’, and gendered time use patterns were more pronounced in boys and in opposite-sex sibling dyads. Finally, youths who spent more dyadic time with their fathers, on average, had higher general self-worth, and changes in social time with fathers were positively linked to changes in social competence.

Lam, Chun Bun; McHale, Susan M.; Crouter, Ann C.

2012-01-01

198

Childhood Internalizing and Externalizing Problems Predict the Onset of Clinical Panic Attacks over Adolescence: The TRAILS Study  

PubMed Central

Background Panic attacks are a source of individual suffering and are an independent risk factor for later psychopathology. However, much less is known about risk factors for the development of panic attacks, particularly during adolescence when the incidence of panic attacks increases dramatically. We examined whether internalizing and externalizing problems in childhood predict the onset of panic attacks in adolescence. Method This study is part of the TRacking Adolescents’ Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a Dutch longitudinal population cohort study (N?=?1,584). Internalizing and Externalizing Problems were collected using the Youth Self-Report (YSR) and the parent-report Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) at baseline (age 10–12). At age 18–20, DSM-IV defined panic attacks since baseline were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). We investigated whether early adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Problems predicted panic attacks between ages 10–20 years, using survival analysis in univariate and multivariate models. Results There were N?=?314 (19.8%) cases who experienced at least one DSM-IV defined panic attack during adolescence and N?=?18 (1.2%) who developed panic disorder during adolescence. In univariate analyses, CBCL Total Problems, Internalizing Problems and three of the eight syndrome scales predicted panic attack onset, while on the YSR all broad-band problem scales and each narrow-band syndrome scale predicted panic attack onset. In multivariate analyses, CBCL Social Problems (HR 1.19, p<.05), and YSR Thought Problems (HR 1.15, p<.05) and Social Problems (HR 1.26, p<.01) predicted panic attack onset. Conclusion Risk indicators of panic attack include the wide range of internalizing and externalizing problems. Yet, when adjusted for co-occurring problem behaviors, Social Problems were the most consistent risk factor for panic attack onsets in adolescence.

Mathyssek, Christina M.; Olino, Thomas M.; Verhulst, Frank C.; van Oort, Floor V. A.

2012-01-01

199

The Experiences and Adjustment Problems of Africans at a Historically Black Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although many studies have looked at adjustment problems of foreign students, there is very little literature on African students studying specifically at a historically black institution. The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences and investigate the factors that cause adjustment problems for African students enrolled in the Spring…

Blake, Andrew C.

2006-01-01

200

Externalizing problems, internalizing problems, and suicidal ideation in Singaporean adolescents: Sex differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent suicide is considered a worldwide problem and an increasing source of concern in Singapore. This study explores\\u000a the relationships among four factors of maladjustment (that is, emotional distress, negative self, antisocial behavior, and\\u000a anger control problems) and suicidal ideation in two hundred and seventy-one adolescents from Singapore. Findings from the\\u000a study indicated that emotional distress, negative self-concept, and antisocial

Shyh Shin Wong; Rebecca P. Ang; Vivien S. Huan

2007-01-01

201

Adjustment problems and maladaptive relational style: a mediational model of sexual coercion in intimate relationships.  

PubMed

Four hundred and fifty-three married or cohabitating couples participated in the current study. A meditational model of men's perpetration of sexual coercion within an intimate relationship was examined based on past theories and known correlates of rape and sexual coercion. The latent constructs of adjustment problems and maladaptive relational style were examined. Adjustment problem variables included perceived stress, perceived low social support, and marital discord. Maladaptive relational style variables included psychological aggression, dominance, and jealousy. Sexual coercion was a combined measure of men's reported perpetration and women's reported victimization. As hypothesized, adjustment problems significantly predicted sexual coercion. Within the meditational model, adjustment problems were significantly correlated with maladaptive relational style, and maladaptive relational style significantly predicted sexual coercion. Once maladaptive relational style was introduced as a mediator, adjustment problems no longer significantly predicted sexual coercion. Implications for treatment, limitations, and future research are discussed. PMID:23329647

Salwen, Jessica K; O'Leary, K Daniel

2013-07-01

202

Normative changes in ethnic and American identities and links with adjustment among Asian American adolescents.  

PubMed

Identity development is a highly salient task for adolescents, especially those from immigrant backgrounds, yet longitudinal research that tracks simultaneous change in ethnic identity and American identity over time has been limited. With a focus on 177 Asian American adolescents recruited from an emerging immigrant community, in the current study, we used hierarchical linear modeling and found that ethnic identity tends to remain fairly stable across the 4 years of high school, whereas American identity increases over time. When ethnic identity and American identity were examined simultaneously, consistent with existing research, ethnic identity was positively associated with positive relationships, high self-esteem, academic motivation, and lower levels of depression over time. Although American identity was not significantly associated with depression, positive links with relationships, self-esteem, and academic motivation were found. Both identities were interactively associated with academic motivation. Acculturative implications and the importance of considering the dual construction of ethnic identity and American identity in light of adolescent adjustment are discussed. PMID:23231687

Kiang, Lisa; Witkow, Melissa R; Champagne, Mariette C

2013-09-01

203

The relational basis of adolescent adjustment: trajectories of mother–child interactive behaviors from infancy to adolescence shape adolescents' adaptation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories of social-emotional growth propose that repeatedly-experienced parent–infant interactions shape the individual's adaptation across development, yet few studies examined interactive behaviors repeatedly from infancy to adolescence. This study assessed the trajectories of four mother–child relational behaviors at six time-points from 3 months to 13 years: maternal sensitivity, child social engagement, mother intrusiveness, and dyadic reciprocity. Trajectories were examined separately for

Ruth Feldman

2010-01-01

204

Psychological Approaches to Problems of Children and Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, intended as a resource for school psychologists, contains articles addressing a variety of psychological and behavioral problems of children and adolescents. Each chapter includes the following content: background information concerning the specific topic, approaches for assessing the behavior of concern, intervention possibilities,…

Grimes, Jeff, Ed.

205

Civic Participation and the Development of Adolescent Behavior Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the links between civic participation and adolescent behavior problems (bullying, physical fighting, and alcohol and tobacco use), and whether civic engagement could be a moderator of the negative effects of parent/family detachment. Participants were 7,097 11-, 13-, and 15-year-olds (48.6% girls) in a region of Northern Italy.…

Vieno, Alessio; Nation, Maury; Perkins, Douglas D.; Santinello, Massimo

2007-01-01

206

Behavior Problems of Behaviorally Disordered and Normal Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent boys and girls, identified as either behaviorally disordered (N=166) or normal (N=183), were rated by teachers on the Behavior Problem Checklist (BPC), with such results as significant differences for pupil category, BPC dimension, and category by dimension interaction, but no significant differences for sex. (MC)

Epstein, Michael H.; And Others

1983-01-01

207

Family Structure, Community Context, and Adolescent Problem Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of models have been proposed to explain the relationship between family structure and adolescent problem behaviors, including several that consider parent-child relations, family income, stress, and residential mobility. However, studies have not explored whether the different types of communities within which families reside affect the…

Hoffman, John P.

2006-01-01

208

Problem Gambling in Chinese American Adolescents: Characteristics and Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary study examined the characteristics and risk factors of problem gambling among Chinese American adolescents. A total of 192 Chinese American students (aged 13-19) from 9th to 12th grades were recruited from three high schools in San Francisco, California. Students were administered the South Oaks Gambling Screen Revised for…

Chiu, Eddie Yu-Wai; Woo, Kent

2012-01-01

209

Gender Differences in Internalizing Problems among Sexually Abused Early Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was twofold. First, we determined whether sexually abused adolescent boys or girls were more likely to have internalizing behavior scores in the clinical range. Second, after determining boys were more likely than girls to have an internalizing behavior problem, we tested whether this relationship would persist…

Coohey, Carol

2010-01-01

210

Attachment and problem behavior of adolescents during residential treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory suggests that representations of previous attachment experiences may explain differences in psychosocial functioning. However, the nature of the association in clinical populations is unclear. Attachment representations were classified on the basis of Adult Attachment Interviews with 61 adolescents (13–20 years old; 70% female) admitted to a residential treatment institution. Group care workers rated their problem behavior. Compared to

Monique A. M. Zegers; Carlo Schuengel; Marinus H. Van IJzendoorn; Jan M. A. M. Janssens

2008-01-01

211

Personality development and problem behavior in Russian children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to explore child and adolescent personality in the Russian culture, addressing gender and age differences, and to examine personality and family effects on children’s Internalizing and Externalizing problems. Parents of 1,640 Russian children aged 3—18 years completed the Inventory of Child Individual Differences measuring personality, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire measuring problem behavior, and

Helena R. Slobodskaya; Olga A. Akhmetova

2010-01-01

212

Adjustment of the problems of landslide GIS data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information on the distribution of landslides is a basic type of data used by countries for disaster prevention. Since 1972, 1:50,000 landslide maps have been produced at the Japanese National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention. From October 2000, the institute has been producing landslide GIS data and transmitting these data over the web. The area that has been published so far covers over 80% of Japan. Presently, the number of diagrams printed are 980 (March 2012). In addition, 350,000 landslide GIS data graphs have been digitized with the same diagrams as a base. Twelve years have passed since this GIS data acquisition program was launched, and in that time, several problems have been identified. These problems are listed below. 1) Scarps do not become polygonized. 2) Landslides which extend over the boundaries of the printed graphs are divided into separate elements. 3) When the time taken to read and interpret the landslide data differs, the shape of the landslides can vary between diagrams. 4) There have been cases of inaccurate positions and shapes in landslide GIS data produced since 2005. 5) Obvious mistakes are present in the attribute data. The causes of such problems are as follows: 1) Lack of technical examination at the time of the start of the production of the landslide GIS data. 2) Limitations of the landslide GIS data editing systems which were developed separately. 3) Program bugs which occur during the conversion of information input to an individual editing system into general-purpose GIS data. 4) Problems which arise during the process of the production of landslide GIS data. This project at the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention is planned to be completed in 2013. By the end of the project, we hope to present a catalogue of all identified problems and formulate a plan to resolve them, and pass them on to the next generation.; Problems: For the diagram, scarps are presented by polylines and cannot be treated as polygons (topography area). Example of limitations of the individual editing system. Both the moving mass or scarp and other features are divided by the printing boundaries of the diagrams. Another example of the limitations of the editing system. When a scarp is present within the moving mass, the scarp area is hollowed out.

Uchiyama, S.; Doshida, S.; Oyagi, N.; Shimizu, F.; Inokuchi, T.

2012-12-01

213

Children and adolescents adjustment to parental multiple sclerosis: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Families are the primary source of support and care for most children. In Western societies, 4 to 12% of children live in households where a parent has a chronic illness. Exposure to early-life stressors, including parenting stress, parental depression and parental chronic disease could lead to harmful changes in children’s social, emotional or behavioural functioning. Little is known about the child living with a parent who has Multiple Sclerosis (MS). We systematically reviewed the literature regarding possible effects of having a parent with MS on the child’s or adolescent's psychosocial adjustment. Methods The following databases: MEDLINE, PsychInfo, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, ERIC, and ProQuest Digital Dissertations were searched (from 1806 to December 2012). References from relevant articles were also manually searched. Selected studies were evaluated using the Graphic Appraisal Tool for Epidemiology (GATE). Results The search yielded 3133 titles; 70 articles were selected for full text review. Eighteen studies met inclusion criteria. Fourteen studies employed quantitative techniques, of which 13 were cross-sectional and one was longitudinal. Four studies were both qualitative and cross-sectional in design. Only 2 of 18 studies were rated as having high methodological quality. Overall, eight studies reported that children of MS patients exhibited negative psychosocial traits compared with children of “healthy” parents. Specifically for adolescents, greater family responsibilities were linked to lower social relationships and higher distress. Three studies indicated that parental MS was associated with positive adjustment in children and adolescents, such as higher personal competence, while four found no statistically significant differences. Conclusion Although having a parent with MS was often reported to have negative psychosocial effects on children and adolescents, there was a lack of consensus and some positive aspects were also found. However, few high quality studies were identified which makes it difficult to draw evidence-based conclusions at this point. There are potentially important, long-term impacts of early life stressors, such as having a parent with a chronic disease, on subsequent life chances and health, and thus more extensive and higher quality research in this area is greatly needed.

2014-01-01

214

Anxiety, depression and behavioral problems among adolescents with recurrent headache: the Young-HUNT study  

PubMed Central

Background It is well documented that both anxiety and depression are associated with headache, but there is limited knowledge regarding the relation between recurrent primary headaches and symptoms of anxiety and depression as well as behavioral problems among adolescents. Assessment of co-morbid disorders is important in order to improve the management of adolescents with recurrent headaches. Thus the main purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship of recurrent headache with anxiety and depressive symptoms and behavioral problems in a large population based cross-sectional survey among adolescents in Norway. Methods A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted in Norway from 1995 to 1997 (Young-HUNT1). In Young-HUNT1, 4872 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were interviewed about their headache complaints and completed a comprehensive questionnaire that included assessment of symptoms of anxiety and depression and behavioral problems, i.e. conduct and attention difficulties. Results In adjusted multivariate analyses among adolescents aged 12–14 years, recurrent headache was associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression (OR: 2.05, 95% CI: 1.61-2.61, p?problems. A significant association with anxiety and depressive symptoms was evident for all headache categories; i.e. migraine, tension-type headache and non-classifiable headache. Among adolescents aged 15–17 years there was a significant association between recurrent headache and symptoms of anxiety and depression (OR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.39-1.93, p?problems are associated with recurrent headache, and should accordingly be considered a part of the clinical assessment of children and adolescents with headache. Identification of these associated factors and addressing them in interventions may improve headache management.

2014-01-01

215

Individual Skill Predictors of the School- and Career-Related Adjustment of Adolescents with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this investigation, the authors examine the relationship between individual skills (i.e., career locus of control [LOC], social skills [SOC], and social problem-solving skills [SPSS]) and the school- and perceived career-related adjustment of 211 students with disabilities. Data pertaining to individual skills were gathered from student…

Pinkney, Christopher J.; Murray, Christopher J.; Lind, John R.

2012-01-01

216

Growth in Temperament and Parenting as Predictors of Adjustment during Children's Transition to Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined relations among demographic risk (income, maternal education, single-parent status), growth in temperament (fear, irritability, effortful control), and parenting (rejection, inconsistent discipline) across 3 years and the prediction of children's adjustment problems in a community sample (N=190; ages 8-12 years at Time 1).…

Lengua, Liliana J.

2006-01-01

217

Adolescent Mental Health, Behavior Problems, and Academic Achievement  

PubMed Central

Prior research on the association of mental health and behavior problems with academic achievement is limited because it does not consider multiple problems simultaneously, take co-occurring problems into account, and control for academic aptitude. We addressed these limitations using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 6,315). We estimated the associations of depression, attention problems, delinquency, and substance use with two indicators of academic achievement (high school GPA and highest degree received) with controls for academic aptitude. Attention problems, delinquency, and substance use were significantly associated with diminished achievement, but depression was not. Combinations of problems involving substance use were especially consequential. Our results demonstrate that the social consequences of mental health problems are not the inevitable result of diminished functional ability but, rather, reflect negative social responses. These results also encourage a broader perspective on mental health by demonstrating that behavior problems heighten the negative consequences of more traditional forms of distress.

McLeod, Jane D.; Uemura, Ryotaro; Rohrman, Shawna

2013-01-01

218

Individual Differences in the Development of Self-Regulation during Pre-Adolescence: Connections to Context and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Difficulties with self-regulation are implicated in the development of emotional and behavioral problems during adolescence. Although children's ability to regulate their behaviors continues to improve throughout childhood and adolescence, it remains unclear how contextual risk factors might influence this development during the transition to…

King, Kevin M.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Monahan, Kathryn C.

2013-01-01

219

Solution of the neutron spectrum adjustment problem in a typical MTR type research reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work presented in this paper discusses the solution of the neutron energy spectrum adjustment problem in the Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1), which is a typical Material Test Reactor (MTR) fuelled with low enriched uranium. This article examines how the different adjustment codes such as SANDBP, MSANDB, MSITER and MIEKEB do modification to the input spectrum and how this in

S. R. Malkawi; N. Ahmad

2001-01-01

220

Child maltreatment and adolescent mental health problems in a large birth cohort  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine whether notified child maltreatment is associated with adverse psychological outcomes in adolescence, and whether differing patterns of psychological outcome are seen depending on the type of maltreatment. Methods The participants were 7223 mother and child pairs enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in Brisbane, Australia. Exposure to suspected child maltreatment was measured by linkage with state child protection agency data. The primary outcomes were the internalizing and externalizing scales of the Youth Self Report (YSR) at approximately 14 years of age. Results The YSR was completed by 5172 subjects (71.6%), with increased attrition of cases of notified maltreatment. After adjustment for potential confounders, notified maltreatment was significantly associated with both internalizing behavior and externalizing behavior at 14. When evaluated as non-exclusive categories of maltreatment, physical abuse, neglect, and emotional abuse were each significantly associated with both internalizing and externalizing behavior after adjustment. When evaluated using an expanded hierarchical scheme that included combinations of multi-type maltreatment, the following groups had significantly higher internalizing behavior after adjustment: emotional abuse (with or without neglect), and multi-type maltreatment including physical (but not sexual) abuse with neglect and/or emotional abuse. The following groups were associated with externalizing behavior after adjustment: emotional abuse (with or without neglect), and multi-type maltreatment including physical abuse (with neglect and/or emotional abuse), or sexual abuse (with neglect and/or emotional abuse, and/or physical abuse). Conclusions This study suggests that child neglect and emotional abuse have serious adverse effects on adolescent mental health and warrant the attention given to other forms of child maltreatment. Additionally, it confirms that young people who are notified for more than one type of maltreatment are at particular risk of adolescent mental health problems.

Scott, James; Alati, Rosa; O'Callaghan, Michael; Najman, Jake; Strathearn, Lane

2013-01-01

221

Leaving the Parental Nest: Adjustment Problems, Attachment Representations, and Social Support during the Transition from High School to Military Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adjustment to the transition from high school to military service in Israel was examined in a longitudinal study with a sample of 120 late-adolescent girls. During their senior year in high school (Time 1) the young women were administered the Adult Attachment Interview. Their coping and adjustment to the new environment were assessed (at two…

Scharf, Miri; Mayseless, Ofra; Kivenson-Baron, Inbal

2011-01-01

222

When Adolescents Disagree With Others About Their Symptoms: Differences in Attachment Organization as an Explanation of Discrepancies Between Adolescent-, Parent-, and Peer-Reports of Behavior Problems  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether attachment theory could be used to shed light on the often high degree of discordance between self- and observer-ratings of behavioral functioning and symptomatology. Interview-based assessments of attachment organization, using the Adult Attachment Interview, were examined as predictors of the lack of agreement between self- and other-reports of behavioral and emotional problems among 176 moderately at-risk adolescents. Lack of agreement was measured in terms of concordance of adolescent- and parent- or close friend-report on equivalent measures of behavioral and emotional adjustment. Insecure-dismissing attachment was linked to less agreement in absolute terms between self- and mother-reports of externalizing symptoms, and between adolescent- and close friend-reports of behavioral conduct. Insecure-preoccupied attachment was associated with higher levels of adolescent reporting of internalizing and externalizing symptoms relative to parent-reports of adolescent symptomatology. The findings suggest that attachment organization may be one factor that accounts for individual differences in the degree of discordance between self- and other-reports of symptoms in adolescence.

Berger, Lauren E.; Jodl, Kathleen M.; Allen, Joseph P.; Davidson, B. McElhaney

2006-01-01

223

Early Adolescents' Proportional Reasoning on 'Rate' Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated qualitative features of proportional reasoning on dimensional intensive variables by sixth- (N=116) and eighth- (N=137) grade students. These features included types of comparison and types of strategies employed. Results based on the administration of four proportional problems, varying in numerical and referential content, are…

Karplus, Robert; And Others

1983-01-01

224

Pathological Gambling and Related Problems among Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the prevalence of pathological gambling and related problems among 3,426 students in junior and senior high schools in Quebec City. Results indicate that 77% have gambled in the last twelve months and 13% gamble at least once a week. Results also reveal that pathological gambling is associated with drug and alcohol use, poor grades, and…

Ladouceur, Robert; Boudreault, Normand; Jacques, Christian; Vitaro, Frank

1999-01-01

225

Effects of a Developmentally Based Intervention with Teachers on Native American and White Early Adolescents' Schooling Adjustment in Rural Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the effectiveness of a developmentally based, teacher professional development intervention aimed at improving early adolescent school adjustment. Teachers in rural schools in a Northern Plains state took part in professional development activities across a year. Following a randomized control trial design, Native American and…

Hamm, Jill V.; Farmer, Thomas W.; Robertson, Dylan; Dadisman, Kimberly A.; Murray, Allen; Meece, Judith L.; Song, Samuel Y.

2010-01-01

226

Patterns of Adolescent Friendships, Psychological Adjustment and Antisocial Behavior: The Moderating Role of Family Stress and Friendship Reciprocity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study distinguishes different patterns of friendship quality in terms of support from and conflict with friends, and reciprocity. Associations between friendship patterns and adolescents' adjustment (self-perception, expectations for the future, depressive feelings, sense of alienation, lying, disobedience, and aggression) were hypothesized…

Ciairano, Silvia; Rabaglietti, Emanuela; Roggero, Antonella; Bonino, Silvia; Beyers, Wim

2007-01-01

227

Early adolescents' proportional reasoning on ‘rate’ problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study deals with qualitative features of proportional reasoning on dimensional intensive variables by eleven and thirteen year-old students. These features include types of comparison and types of strategies employed. Four proportional problems, varying in numerical and referential content were administered to 116 eleven year-olds and 137 thirteen year-olds. No significant age effect was found. The relative frequencies with which

Robert Karplus; Steven Pulos; Elizabeth K. Stage

1983-01-01

228

Problem Behavior and Heart Rate Reactivity in Adopted Adolescents: Longitudinal and Concurrent Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present longitudinal study examined resting heart rate and heart rate variability and reactivity to a stressful gambling task in adopted adolescents with aggressive, delinquent, or internalizing behavior problems and adopted adolescents without behavior problems (total N=151). Early-onset delinquent adolescents showed heart rate…

Bimmel, Nicole; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Juffer, Femmie; De Geus, Eco J. C.

2008-01-01

229

Personality and Parenting Processes Associated with Problem Behaviors: A Study of Adolescents in Santiago, Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considerable research in the United States has established that adolescent antisocial, aggressive, and attention problem behaviors negatively influence adolescents' ability to become productive members of society. However, little is known about the development of these problems among adolescents in other countries. This study contributes to our…

Bares, Cristina B.; Delva, Jorge; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Andrade, Fernando

2011-01-01

230

Group Care Worker Behavior and Adolescents' Internalizing and Externalizing Problems in Compulsory Residential Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, group care workers' behavior toward adolescents' problem behavior was measured. The sample consisted of 126 adolescents (M age = 15.80, SD = 1.23, 56% boys), residing in a new Dutch compulsory residential treatment program. Latent growth curve analyses revealed that group care workers exerted more structuring and controlling behavior toward adolescents with externalizing problems and more

Coleta van Dam; Karin S. Nijhof; Jan Willem Veerman; Rutger C. M. E. Engels; Ron H. J. Scholte; Marc J. M. H. Delsing

2011-01-01

231

Identifying Patterns of Early Risk for Mental Health and Academic Problems in Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study of Urban Youth  

PubMed Central

This investigation examined profiles of individual, academic, and social risks in elementary school, and their association with mental health and academic difficulties in adolescence. Latent profile analyses of data from 574 urban youth revealed three risk classes. Children with the “well-adjusted” class had assets in the academic and social domains, low aggressive behavior, and low depressive symptoms in elementary school, and low rates of academic and mental health problems in adolescence. Children in the “behavior-academic-peer risk” class, characterized by high aggressive behavior, low academic achievement, and low peer acceptance, had conduct problems, academic difficulties, and increased mental health service use in adolescence. Children with the “academic-peer risk” class also had academic and peer problems but they were less aggressive and had higher depressive symptoms than the “behavior-academic-peer risk” class in the first grade; the “academic-peer risk” class had depression, conduct problems, academic difficulties, and increased mental health service use during adolescence. No differences were found between the risk classes with respect to adolescent outcomes.

Valdez, Carmen R.; Lambert, Sharon F.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2013-01-01

232

Friendship jealousy in young adolescents: individual differences and links to sex, self-esteem, aggression, and social adjustment.  

PubMed

Children's vulnerability to jealousy surrounding their best friends was explored in 2 studies. Study 1 involved 94 adolescents who reported on their friendship jealousy on a newly created measure. Results indicated that the jealousy measure had sound psychometric properties and produced individual differences that were robust over time and free from socially desirable responding. As expected, girls and adolescents with low self-worth reported the greatest friendship jealousy. Study 2 involved 399 young adolescents and extended the measurement of self-report jealousy to a broader age range. In addition, Study 2 included assessments of jealousy provided by friends and other peers. Self- and peer-reported jealousy were only modestly associated and had somewhat distinct correlates. Structural modeling revealed that young adolescents' reputation for friendship jealousy was linked to behaving aggressively and to broader peer adjustment difficulties. Both self- and peer-reported jealousy contributed to loneliness. PMID:15656752

Parker, Jeffrey G; Low, Christine M; Walker, Alisha R; Gamm, Bridget K

2005-01-01

233

Mental Health Problems and Educational Attainment in Adolescence: 9-Year Follow-Up of the TRAILS Study  

PubMed Central

Background This study examines if mental health problems at age 11 and changes in mental health problems between age 11 and 16 predict educational attainment of adolescents at age 19, overall and stratified by gender. Methods Data from 1711 adolescents (76.8% from initial cohort) of the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a Dutch prospective cohort study with 9year follow-up, were used. Mental health problems (externalizing, internalizing and attention problems) were measured by the Youth Self Report and the Child Behavior Checklist at ages 11 and 16. Difference scores for mental health problems between age 11 and 16 were calculated. Educational attainment was assessed at age 19. Results Externalizing, internalizing and attention problems at age 11 were significantly associated with low educational attainment at age 19 (crude model). When adjusted for demographic variables and the other mental health problems, only the association for attention problems remained significant (odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval: 3.19, 2.11–4.83). Increasing externalizing problems between age 11 and 16 also predicted low educational attainment at age 19 (OR 3.12, 1.83–5.32). Among girls, increasing internalizing problems between age 11 and 16 predicted low educational attainment (OR 2.21, 1.25–3.94). For boys, no significant association was found for increasing internalizing problems and low educational attainment. For increasing attention problems between age 11 and 16 no significant association with low educational attainment was found. Conclusions Externalizing, internalizing and attention problems at age 11 and an increase of these problems during adolescence predicted low educational attainment at age 19. Early treatment of these mental health problems may improve educational attainment, and reduce socioeconomic health differences in adulthood.

Veldman, Karin; Bultmann, Ute; Stewart, Roy E.; Ormel, Johan; Verhulst, Frank C.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

2014-01-01

234

Self-concept, Adjustment to Blindness, and Quality of Friendship among Adolescents with Visual Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The self-concept and quality of friendship of 40 adolescents with visual impairments (20 in public schools and 20 in a residential school) were compared to those of 41 sighted adolescents. The findings indicate a similar self-concept profile for sighted adolescents and adolescents with visual impairments, although the scores of the participants…

Lifshitz, Hefziba; Hen, Irit; Weisse, Izhak

2007-01-01

235

Coping with the Stress of Parental Depression II: Adolescent and Parent Reports of Coping and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations between adolescents' self-reports and parents' reports of adolescents' exposure to family stress, coping, and symptoms of anxiety/depression and aggression in a sample of 78 adolescent offspring of depressed parents. Significant cross-informant correlations were found between adolescents' reports of family stress,…

Jaser, Sarah S.; Langrock, Adela M.; Keller, Gary; Merchant, Mary Jane; Benson, Molly A.; Reeslund, Kristen; Champion, Jennifer E.; Compas, Bruce E.

2005-01-01

236

Parenting Practices and Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Problems: Moderating Effects of Socially Demanding Kin Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Association of socially demanding kin relations, mother's emotional support, behavioral control/monitoring, family organization and psychological control with adolescent's internalizing and externalizing problems were assessed in 200 economically disadvantaged, African American mothers and adolescents. Demanding kin relations and mother's…

Taylor, Ronald D.; Lopez, Elizabeth I.; Budescu, Mia; McGill, Rebecca Kang

2012-01-01

237

Relational aggression and psychological control in the sibling relationship: Mediators of the association between maternal psychological control and adolescents' emotional adjustment.  

PubMed

The association between mothers' psychological control and their children's emotional adjustment problems is well documented. However, processes that may explain this association are not well understood. The present study tested the idea that relational aggression and psychological control within the context of the sibling relationship may help to account for the relation between mothers' psychological control and adolescents' internalizing symptoms. Older (M = 16.46, SD = 1.35 years) and younger (M = 13.67, SD = 1.56 years) siblings from 101 dyads rated the psychological control they received from mothers and siblings, and the relational aggression they received from siblings. Despite some similarities between psychological control and relational aggression, confirmatory factor analyses provided evidence that the two sibling processes are distinct. Maternal psychological control was related to psychological control and relational aggression within the sibling relationship, which were related to adolescents' anxiety and depressed mood. In addition, sibling relational aggression was a more powerful mediator of the relationship between maternal psychological control and adolescent adjustment than sibling psychological control. PMID:25047296

Campione-Barr, Nicole; Lindell, Anna K; Greer, Kelly Bassett; Rose, Amanda J

2014-08-01

238

Meaning in Life as a Mediator of Ethnic Identity and Adjustment Among Adolescents from Latin, Asian, and European American Backgrounds  

PubMed Central

Establishing a sense of life meaning is a primary facet of well-being, yet is understudied in adolescent development. Using data from 579 adolescents (53% female) from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds, demographic differences in meaning in life, links with psychological and academic adjustment, and the role of meaning in explaining associations between ethnic identity and adjustment were examined. Although no generational or gender differences were found, Asian Americans reported higher search for meaning than Latin and European Americans. Presence of meaning was positively associated with self-esteem, academic adjustment, daily well-being, and ethnic belonging and exploration, whereas search for meaning was related to lower self-esteem and less stability in daily well-being. Presence of meaning mediated associations between ethnic identity and adjustment, explaining 28–52% of ethnic identity’s protective effect on development. Ethnic identity thus appears to affect adjustment, in part, through its role in fostering a positive sense of meaning in adolescents’ lives.

Fuligni, Andrew J.

2009-01-01

239

Maternal Acceptance and Consistency of Discipline as Buffers of Divorce Stressors on Children's Psychological Adjustment Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines whether two aspects of mothering—acceptance and consistency of discipline—buffer the effect of divorce stressors on adjustment problems in 678 children, ages 8 to 15, whose families had divorced within the past 2 years. Children reported on divorce stressors; both mothers and children reported on mothering and internalizing and externalizing problems. Multiple regressions indicate that for maternal report

Sharlene A. Wolchik; Kathryn L. Wilcox; Jenn-Yun Tein; Irwin N. Sandler

2000-01-01

240

Stress, active coping, and problem behaviors among Chinese adolescents.  

PubMed

Little is known about the stress and coping mechanisms on problem behaviors among Chinese adolescents, which might be quite different from their counterparts in Western cultures. We examined risk process of stress for internalizing outcomes (i.e., psychological distress, self-acceptance) and externalizing outcomes (i.e., substance use, delinquency, violent behavior) among Chinese adolescents. We also examined John Henryism Active Coping as a protective factor in a test of resilience from the negative effects of stress. A cross-sectional survey using self-reported questionnaires was conducted in 2 urban cities in China: Beijing and Xian. Participants included 1,356 students in Grades 7 to 12 (48% male, 52% female). Structural equation modeling analyses were conducted to test the conceptual model. The modifying (protective) effects of John Henryism were tested in multiple-group analysis. After controlling for demographics, we found that stress was associated with decreased self-acceptance and increased psychological distress among adolescents. Higher degree of psychological distress was then associated with increased delinquent behaviors and substance use. The results also indicated that individuals who scored higher in John Henryism reported more substance use as a result of psychological distress. Overall, our results support previous research with Western samples. Although John Henryism did not serve as a protective factor between stress and its negative outcomes, the findings underscore the relevance of addressing stress and possible coping strategies among Chinese adolescents. Further research that refines the active coping tailored for Chinese adolescents is necessary to more precisely test its protective effects. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24999522

Hsieh, Hsing-Fang; Zimmerman, Marc A; Xue, Yange; Bauermeister, Jose A; Caldwell, Cleopatra H; Wang, Zhenhong; Hou, Yubo

2014-07-01

241

Reference values for bone mineral density according to age with body size adjustment in Korean children and adolescents.  

PubMed

Bone acquisition failure during growth or low bone mineral density (BMD) in childhood and adolescence might increase future osteoporosis risk. To identify these children and adolescents, appropriate reference values are necessary. The robust reference values must be community based as well as sex-, age-, and ethnicity specific. In addition, body size adjustment is necessary because individuals demonstrate different body sizes and different tempos of growth, which affect measured BMD. We aimed to provide reference data with body size adjustment of Korean children and adolescents. We used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data of 1,650 subjects (aged 10-20 years; 788 female) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009-2010). The BMD of each region of interest (ROI), including the lumbar spine, total body less head, total body, and femoral neck, were obtained. We calculated the mean and percentiles for each ROI. Because height and weight variations were high and correlated independently with BMD within the same age group, we developed equations to calculate the "predicted BMD Z score." Although 12.8-17.9 % of subjects with short stature showed a low measured BMD Z score depending on the measured site, only 2.6 % of those of short stature had a low adjusted BMD Z score after applying the predicted BMD Z score. We also compared the BMD of children and adolescents of other ethnicities using the same device. This study provided robust reference values for the assessment and monitoring of bone health in Korean children and adolescents. Additionally, it extended the knowledge of bone acquisition in Asian children and adolescents. PMID:23832576

Yi, Kyung Hee; Hwang, Jin Soon; Kim, Eun Young; Lee, Jun Ah; Kim, Dong Ho; Lim, Jung Sub

2014-05-01

242

Haitian adolescent personality clusters and their problem area correlates.  

PubMed

This study identified personality clusters among a community sample of adolescents of Haitian decent and related cluster subgroup membership to problems in the areas of substance abuse, mental and physical health, family and peer relationships, educational and vocational status, social skills, leisure and recreational pursuits, aggressive behavior-delinquency, and to sexual risk activity. Three cluster subgroups were identified: dependent/conforming (N = 68), high pathology (N = 30); and confident/extroverted/conforming (N = 111). Although the overall sample was relatively healthy based on low average endorsement of problems across areas of expressed concern, significant physical health, mental health, relationship, educational, and HIV risk problems were identified in a MACI identified high psychopathology cluster subgroup. A confident/extraverted/conforming cluster subgroup revealed few problems and appears to reflect a protective style. PMID:22362195

McMahon, Robert C; Bryant, Vaughn E; Dévieux, Jessy G; Jean-Gilles, Michèle; Rosenberg, Rhonda; Malow, Robert M

2013-04-01

243

Mood-related sleep problems in children and adolescents.  

PubMed

Sleep problems are an essential part of the current diagnostic criteria for depressive and bipolar disorders in children and adolescents. Whereas many studies have reported subjective sleep problems in youth with depression or bipolar disorder, except for reduced rapid eye movement latency associated with depression, few objective mood-related sleep abnormalities have been consistently identified. Recent technologic advances, such as spectral EEG and actigraphy, hold promise for revealing additional objective disturbances. There are presently few evidence-based published practice recommendations for mood-related sleep problems in youth. In this article, the authors chronologically review research on the phenomenology and treatment of sleep difficulties in youth with depressive and bipolar disorders and present research-based and clinically guided recommendations for the assessment and treatment of these problems. PMID:19836695

Lofthouse, Nicholas; Gilchrist, Richard; Splaingard, Mark

2009-10-01

244

[Adolescents and new technologies: Behaviours pointing a possible addiction problem].  

PubMed

The aim of this work is to evaluate adolescents' subjective risk perception derived from the use of the New Technologies (NT), and to identify behaviours or warning symptoms of possible addiction problems. A sample of 1,710 underage students of Madrid responded to the DENA questionnaire. Firstly, we found a positive correlation between the time of NT use and the perception of addiction problems. Also, age was positively correlated to these perception problems. Secondly, the results indicated that television is the technology that generates a major perception problem in underage students. Lastly, the NTs have produced behaviours that are similar to those produced by other established addictions. Among them are notable the relaxation caused by their use or discomfort if they cannot be used. In addition, the frequent presence of other behaviours exclusive to these instruments has been identified, such as constantly checking one's mobile phone screen. It is necessary to continue studying possible addictive behaviours specific to the NT. PMID:20423619

Labrador Encinas, Francisco Javier; Villadangos González, Silvia María

2010-05-01

245

Development of Mastery during Adolescence: The Role of Family Problem Solving*  

PubMed Central

A sense of mastery is an important component of psychological health and well-being across the life-span; however, relatively little is known about the development of mastery during childhood and adolescence. Utilizing prospective, longitudinal data from 444 adolescent sibling pairs and their parents, our conceptual model proposes that family SES in the form of parental education promotes effective family problem solving which, in turn, fosters adolescent mastery. Results show: (1) a significant increase in mastery for younger and older siblings, (2) parental education promoted effective problem solving between parents and adolescents and between siblings but not between the parents themselves, and (3) all forms of effective family problem solving predicted greater adolescent mastery. Parental education had a direct effect on adolescent mastery as well as the hypothesized indirect effect through problem solving effectiveness, suggesting both a social structural and social process influence on the development of mastery during adolescence.

Conger, Katherine Jewsbury; Williams, Shannon Tierney; Little, Wendy M.; Masyn, Katherine E.; Shebloski, Barbara

2009-01-01

246

Maternal Parenting Style and Adjustment in Adolescents with Type I Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the cross-sectional relationship between maternal parenting style and indicators of well-being among adolescents with diabetes. Methods Seventy-eight adolescents (ages 11.58-17.42 years, M ¼14.21) with type 1 diabetes and their mothers separately reported perceptions of maternal parenting style. Adolescents reported their own depressed mood, self-efficacy for managing diabetes, and diabetes regimen adherence. Results Adolescents' perceptions of maternal psychological

Jorie M. Butler; Michelle Skinner; Donna Gelfand; Cynthia A. Berg; Deborah J. Wiebe

2007-01-01

247

Gender-typed behaviors, achievement, and adjustment among racially and ethnically diverse boys during early adolescence.  

PubMed

This research examined the relations between adherence to gender-typed behaviors in boys' friendships, achievement, and self-esteem. Participants were racially and ethnically diverse adolescent boys in grade 8 (Mage  = 13.05; range = 12-14). The study was completed at a public junior high school that offered both single- and mixed-gender classes. Data were collected in 2 waves, the first wave in fall of 2010 and the second in spring of 2011. At each wave, participants completed assessments of gender concepts and self-esteem. Standardized tests scores from the end of the previous academic year and the end of the year of the study were utilized. Results revealed that the boys' adherence to physical toughness behaviors in their friendships was negatively associated with math standardized test scores and self-esteem from Time I to Time II. Indirect effects analyses revealed a relation between boys' adherence to emotional stoicism behaviors in friendships and math achievement and self-esteem via boys' adherence to physical toughness behaviors. Implications of these findings and the links between masculinity, boys' friendships, performance in school, and psychological adjustment are discussed. PMID:23889017

Santos, Carlos E; Galligan, Kathrine; Pahlke, Erin; Fabes, Richard A

2013-01-01

248

Moderating Effects of Teacher-Student Relationship in Adolescent Trajectories of Emotional and Behavioral Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relations between effortful control, parent-adolescent conflict, and teacher-student relationships and the concurrent and longitudinal impact of these factors on adolescent depression and misconduct. In particular, we examined whether the risks of low effortful control and parent-adolescent conflict could be buffered by…

Wang, Ming-Te; Brinkworth, Maureen; Eccles, Jacquelynne

2013-01-01

249

The Role of Disclosing Child Sexual Abuse on Adolescent Adjustment and Revictimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of disclosing child sexual abuse on adolescent survivors' symptomology and the presence of additional unwanted sexual experiences was investigated in a subsample of 111 adolescents from the National Survey of Adolescents who reported child sexual abuse. Results indicated that prompt disclosure of sexual abuse to an adult moderated the…

Kogan, Steven M.

2005-01-01

250

Relationships of Social Context and Identity to Problem Behavior among High-Risk Hispanic Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was designed to examine (a) family and school functioning and (b) personal and ethnic identity are associated with conduct problems, drug use, and sexual risk taking in a sample of 227 high-risk Hispanic adolescents. Adolescents participated in the study with their primary parents, who were mostly mothers. Adolescents completed…

Schwartz, Seth J.; Mason, Craig A.; Pantin, Hilda; Wang, Wei; Brown, C. Hendricks; Campo, Ana E.; Szapocznik, Jose

2009-01-01

251

Associations among Sleep Problems, Learning Difficulties and Substance Use in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationships among sleep problems, learning difficulties and substance use in adolescence. Previous research suggests that these variables share an association with executive functioning deficits, and are intertwined. The sample comprised 427 adolescents (M age = 16 years) attending remedial schools and 276 adolescents

Fakier, Nuraan; Wild, Lauren G.

2011-01-01

252

Measuring the Self-Esteem of Adolescents with Mental Health Problems: Theory Meets Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparison of the self-esteem of 39 adolescents with mental health problems to that of a normative sample for the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents. Results indicate no difference between the two groups' self-esteem following participation in a prevocational program. Dimensions of self-concept that are most important to the adolescent will…

Willoughby, Colleen; Polatajko, Helene; Currado, Catherine; Harris, Kathryn; King, Gillian

2000-01-01

253

Cost-utility analysis of a dance intervention for adolescent girls with internalizing problems  

PubMed Central

Background The increasing prevalence of psychological health problems among adolescent girls is alarming. Knowledge of beneficial effects of physical activity on psychological health is widespread. Dance is a popular form of exercise that could be a protective factor in preventing and treating symptoms of depression. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of a dance intervention in addition to usual school health services for adolescent girls with internalizing problems, compared with usual school health services alone. Methods A cost-utility analysis from a societal perspective based on a randomized controlled intervention trial was performed. The setting was a city in central Sweden with a population of 130 000. A total of 112 adolescent girls, 13–18 years old, with internalizing problems participated in the study. They were randomly assigned to intervention (n?=?59) or control (n?=?53) group. The intervention comprised dance twice weekly during eight months in addition to usual school health services. Costs for the stakeholder of the intervention, treatment effect and healthcare costs were considered. Gained quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were used to measure the effects. Quality of life was measured with the Health Utility Index Mark 3. Cost-effectiveness ratios were based on the changes in QALYs and net costs for the intervention group compared with the control group. Likelihood of cost-effectiveness was calculated. Results At 20 months, quality of life had increased by 0.08 units more in the intervention group than in the control group (P?=?.04), translating to 0.10 gained QALYs. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was USD $3,830 per QALY and the likelihood of cost-effectiveness was 95%. Conclusions Intervention with dance twice weekly in addition to usual school health services may be considered cost-effective compared with usual school health services alone, for adolescent girls with internalizing problems. Trial registration Name of the trial registry: “Influencing Adolescent Girls’ With Creative Dance Twice Weekly” Trial registration number: NCT01523561

2013-01-01

254

Exploring the relationship between measures of self-esteem and psychological adjustment among adolescents with Asperger syndrome.  

PubMed

This exploratory study examines the relationships between self-esteem and psychological adjustment among 19 adolescents with Asperger syndrome and 19 typically developing adolescents using a model developed by Harter. The groups were matched for age (mean 13 years), sex (M:F 16:3) and ethnicity (white British). Participants completed four quantitative measures examining self-competencies, social approval, anxiety, depression and self-worth. Findings revealed significant group differences: the adolescents with Asperger syndrome perceived themselves to be less competent in social and athletic domains, and to receive less peer approval. Logistic regression analyses indicated that the variables studied were particularly relevant in distinguishing group differences and worked together in predicting group membership. Indeed the variables in the final model accurately predicted group membership for all individuals in the sample. Exploratory hierarchical multiple regression analyses suggested that the two groups had different patterns of relationships between measures of self-competencies, social approval and psychological outcomes. PMID:18579646

Williamson, Sara; Craig, Jaime; Slinger, Richard

2008-07-01

255

Offspring of Parents with Gambling Problems: Adjustment Problems and Explanatory Mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compared offspring of problem gamblers (n = 42) to offspring of parents without gambling problems (n = 100) to see (1) whether the two groups differed with respect to depressive feelings and conduct\\/antisociality problems\\u000a and (2) whether ineffective parenting or the offspring’s own gambling problems played a mediating role in this context. Participants\\u000a were drawn from a relatively large community-based study (N = 1,872). Parents

Frank Vitaro; Brigitte Wanner; Mara Brendgen; Richard E. Tremblay

2008-01-01

256

Economic hardship and adolescent problem drinking: family processes as mediating influences.  

PubMed

Alcohol is the most commonly used substance among adolescents in the United States, and adolescent drinking is associated with various health risk behaviors. Given the prevalence and consequences of adolescent drinking, understanding family factors that contribute to adolescent drinking is an important area for research. This study used three waves of data to evaluate a family stress model in which economic hardship is indirectly related to adolescent problem drinking through maternal psychological distress, parenting behaviors, and adolescent externalizing behaviors. Respondents included 300 mothers (71 % Black, 29 % White) and adolescents (51 % male) who were interviewed when adolescents were ages 10, 14, and 16. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesized model and findings supported our hypothesized model. Economic hardship was positively related to maternal psychological distress. Maternal psychological distress was negatively associated with supportive parenting, which in turn was negatively associated with externalizing problems. Externalizing problems were positively associated with problem drinking. In support of our hypothesis regarding indirect effects, economic hardship was indirectly related to problem drinking through maternal psychological distress, parenting behaviors, and adolescent externalizing problems. The findings from this study highlight the role of family processes in adolescent problem drinking. PMID:24248327

Hardaway, Cecily R; Cornelius, Marie D

2014-07-01

257

Risk and Resilience Factors Linked to Problem Behavior among Urban, Culturally Diverse Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses risk factors associated with sexual intercourse, gang involvement, and alcohol and drug use among adolescents. Different patterns of risk are found to predict the three problem behaviors. Discriminant analysis substantiates that delinquency was differentially associated with low problem vs. high problem urban adolescents. Results support…

Stoiber, Karen Callan; Good, Barbara

1998-01-01

258

Siblings versus Parents and Friends: Longitudinal Linkages to Adolescent Externalizing Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: It is well documented that friends' externalizing problems and negative parent-child interactions predict externalizing problems in adolescence, but relatively little is known about the role of siblings. This four-wave, multi-informant study investigated linkages of siblings' externalizing problems and sibling-adolescent

Defoe, Ivy N.; Keijsers, Loes; Hawk, Skyler T.; Branje, Susan; Dubas, Judith Semon; Buist, Kirsten; Frijns, Tom; van Aken, Marcel A. G.; Koot, Hans M.; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Meeus, Wim

2013-01-01

259

Group therapy with adolescents who have learning disabilities and social\\/emotional problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents group therapy with adolescents who have learning disabilities and social\\/emotional problems. First, the\\u000a paper reviews the literature on psychosocial development and interventions offered to these adolescents. There is agreement\\u000a in the literature that group therapy is beneficial for adolescents. Learning disabled adolescents meet the criteria for receiving\\u000a this intervention. Despite this, review of the literature suggests that

Faye Mishna; Janice Kaiman; Sandra Little; Elizabeth Tarshis

1994-01-01

260

Relationship Between Multiple Sources of Perceived Social Support and Psychological and Academic Adjustment in Early Adolescence: Comparisons Across Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated gender differences in the relationship between sources of perceived support (parent, teacher,\\u000a classmate, friend, school) and psychological and academic adjustment in a sample of 636 (49% male) middle school students.\\u000a Longitudinal data were collected at two time points in the same school year. The study provided psychometric support for the\\u000a Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale

Sandra Yu Rueger; Christine Kerres Malecki; Michelle Kilpatrick Demaray

2010-01-01

261

Developmental Trajectories of Chinese Children's Relational and Physical Aggression: Associations with Social-Psychological Adjustment Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this short-term longitudinal study was to examine Chinese children's trajectories of physical and relational aggression and their association with social-psychological adjustment problems (i.e., depressive symptoms and delinquency) and gender. Fourth and fifth grade children in Taiwan (n = 739, age 9-11) were followed across 1 year.…

Kawabata, Yoshito; Tseng, Wan-Ling; Murray-Close, Dianna; Crick, Nicki R.

2012-01-01

262

Moderating effects of teacher-student relationship in adolescent trajectories of emotional and behavioral adjustment.  

PubMed

This study examined relations between effortful control, parent-adolescent conflict, and teacher-student relationships and the concurrent and longitudinal impact of these factors on adolescent depression and misconduct. In particular, we examined whether the risks of low effortful control and parent-adolescent conflict could be buffered by positive teacher-student relationships characterized by warmth and trust. Data were collected on 1,400 urban youths (52% female, 51% Black, 44% White) who reported on their effortful control at age 13 years and on their depressive symptoms and misconduct from ages 13-18. Teacher-student relationship data were collected from teacher-report at age 13 and parent-adolescent conflict data from parent-report at age 13. As hypothesized, regardless of gender, both early poor effortful control and conflictive parent-adolescent relationship were general risks for adolescents' depression and misconduct. Positive teacher-student relationships protected adolescents against depression and misconduct throughout ages 13-18. In addition, positive teacher-student relationships moderated the negative influences of adolescents' early poor effortful control and conflictive parent-adolescent relationships on misconduct and helped such at-risk adolescents to attain less behaviorally delinquent developmental trajectories over time. PMID:22582833

Wang, Ming-Te; Brinkworth, Maureen; Eccles, Jacquelynne

2013-04-01

263

Psychosomatic problems and countermeasures in Japanese children and adolescents  

PubMed Central

In Japan there are a number of children and adolescents with emotion-related disorders including psychosomatic diseases (orthostatic dysregulation, anorexia nervosa, recurrent pains), behavior problems and school absenteeism. According to our previous report, the Japanese children had significantly higher score of physical symptoms and psychiatric complaints than did the Swedish children, and these were more strongly influenced by school-related stress than by home-related stress. To enforce countermeasures for psychosomatic problems in children, the Japanese Society of Psychosomatic Pediatrics (established in 1982) have started several new projects including multi-center psychosomatic researches and society-based activities. In this article, we present an outline of our study on mental health in Japanese children in comparison with Swedish children. Countermeasures including clinical guidelines for child psychosomatic diseases are reviewed and discussed.

2012-01-01

264

Longitudinal linkages among parent-child acculturation discrepancy, parenting, parent-child sense of alienation, and adolescent adjustment in Chinese immigrant families.  

PubMed

Parent-child acculturation discrepancy is a risk factor in the development of children in immigrant families. Using a longitudinal sample of Chinese immigrant families, the authors of the current study examined how unsupportive parenting and parent-child sense of alienation sequentially mediate the relationship between parent-child acculturation discrepancy and child adjustment during early and middle adolescence. Acculturation discrepancy scores were created using multilevel modeling to take into account the interdependence among family members. Structural equation models showed that during early adolescence, parent-child American orientation discrepancy is related to parents' use of unsupportive parenting practices; parents' use of unsupportive parenting is related to increased sense of alienation between parents and children, which in turn is related to more depressive symptoms and lower academic performance in Chinese American adolescents. These patterns of negative adjustment established in early adolescence persist into middle adolescence. This mediating effect is more apparent among father-adolescent dyads than among mother-adolescent dyads. In contrast, parent-child Chinese orientation discrepancy does not demonstrate a significant direct or indirect effect on adolescent adjustment, either concurrently or longitudinally. The current findings suggest that during early adolescence, children are more susceptible to the negative effects of parent-child acculturation discrepancy; they also underscore the importance of fathering in Chinese immigrant families. PMID:22799587

Kim, Su Yeong; Chen, Qi; Wang, Yijie; Shen, Yishan; Orozco-Lapray, Diana

2013-05-01

265

Longitudinal Linkages among Parent-Child Acculturation Discrepancy, Parenting, Parent-Child Sense of Alienation, and Adolescent Adjustment in Chinese Immigrant Families  

PubMed Central

Parent-child acculturation discrepancy is a risk factor in the development of children in immigrant families. Using a longitudinal sample of Chinese immigrant families, the current study examined how unsupportive parenting and parent-child sense of alienation sequentially mediate the relationship between parent-child acculturation discrepancy and child adjustment during early and middle adolescence. Acculturation discrepancy scores were created using multilevel modeling to take into account the interdependence among family members. Structural equation models showed that, during early adolescence, parent-child American orientation discrepancy is related to parents’ use of unsupportive parenting practices; parents’ use of unsupportive parenting is related to increased sense of alienation between parents and children, which in turn is related to more depressive symptoms and lower academic performance in Chinese American adolescents. These patterns of negative adjustment established in early adolescence persist into middle adolescence. This mediating effect is more apparent among father-adolescent dyads than among mother-adolescent dyads. In contrast, parent-child Chinese orientation discrepancy does not demonstrate a significant direct or indirect effect on adolescent adjustment, either concurrently or longitudinally. The current findings suggest that early adolescence is more susceptible to the negative effects of parent-child acculturation discrepancy; they also underscore the importance of fathering in Chinese immigrant families.

Kim, Su Yeong; Chen, Qi; Wang, Yijie; Shen, Yishan; Orozco-Lapray, Diana

2012-01-01

266

Testing Alternative Explanations for the Associations Between Parenting and Adolescent Suicidal Problems  

PubMed Central

Although studies have established associations between parenting characteristics and adolescent suicidality, the strength of the evidence for these links remains unclear, largely because of methodological limitations, including lack of accounting for possible child effects on parenting. This study addresses these issues by using autoregressive cross-lag models with data on 802 adolescents and their parents across 5 years. Observed parenting behaviors predicted change in adolescent suicidal problems across one-year intervals even after controlling for adolescents’ effects on parenting. Nurturant-involved parenting continued to demonstrate salutary effects after controlling for adolescent and parent internalizing psychopathology: over time, observed nurturant-involved parenting reduced the likelihood of adolescent suicidal problems. This study increases the empirical support implicating parenting behaviors in the developmental course of adolescent suicidality.

Boeninger, Daria K.; Masyn, Katherine E.; Conger, Rand D.

2012-01-01

267

Gene-Environment Correlation Underlying the Association Between Parental Negativity and Adolescent Externalizing Problems  

PubMed Central

Studies of adolescent or parent-based twins suggest that gene–environment correlation (rGE) is an important mechanism underlying parent–adolescent relationships. However, information on how parents? and children’s genes and environments influence correlated parent and child behaviors is needed to distinguish types of rGE. The present study used the novel Extended Children of Twins model to distinguish types of rGE underlying associations between negative parenting and adolescent (age 11–22 years) externalizing problems with a Swedish sample of 909 twin parents and their adolescent offspring and a U.S.-based sample of 405 adolescent siblings and their parents. Results suggest that evocative rGE, not passive rGE or direct environmental effects of parenting on adolescent externalizing, explains associations between maternal and paternal negativity and adolescent externalizing problems.

Marceau, Kristine; Horwitz, Briana N.; Ganiban, Jody M.; Reiss, David; Narusyte, Jurgita; Spotts, Erica L.; Neiderhiser, Jenae M.

2014-01-01

268

Understanding ethnic differences in mental health service use for adolescents' internalizing problems: the role of emotional problem identification.  

PubMed

Although immigrant adolescents are at least at equal risk of developing internalizing problems as their non-immigrant peers, immigrant adolescents are less likely to use mental health care. The present study is the first to examine ethnic differences in problem identification to find explanations for this disparity in mental health service use. Specifically, the extent to which emotional problem identification mediates the relationship between immigrant status and mental health service use for internalizing problems in three immigrant populations in the Netherlands (i.e., Surinamese, Turkish, and Moroccan) was investigated. A two-phase design was used to include adolescents at risk for internalizing problems. Data were used from the second phase, in which 349 parents and adolescents participated (95 native Dutch, 85 Surinamese, 87 Turkish, and 82 Moroccan). Results indicated that mental health service use for internalizing problems is far lower among immigrant adolescents than among native Dutch adolescents, although differences between immigrant groups were also substantive. A lack of emotional problem identification was identified as an essential mediator in the relationship between immigrant status and mental health service use. Since the results suggest the low levels of problem identification in our immigrant samples may serve an explanatory role in the relationship between immigrant status and mental health service use, future research should aim at understanding these ethnic differences in problem identification. PMID:23400427

Verhulp, Esmée E; Stevens, Gonneke W J M; van de Schoot, Rens; Vollebergh, Wilma A M

2013-07-01

269

Punishment and reward sensitivity: are naturally occurring clusters in these traits related to eating and weight problems in adolescents?  

PubMed

Little is known about the role of sensitivity to punishment (SP) and reward (SR) in eating problems during adolescence. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the naturally occurring clusters of high and low SP and SR among nonclinical adolescents and the between-cluster differences in various eating problems and weight. A total of 579 adolescents (14-19 years, 39.8% boys) completed the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ), the Behavioural Inhibition System and Behavioural Activation System scales (BIS/BAS scales), the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and the Child Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and were weighed and measured. On the basis of the SPSRQ, four clusters were established, interpreted as lowSP × lowSR, lowSP × highSR, highSP × highSR and highSP × lowSR. These were associated with eating problems but not with adjusted body mass index. It seemed that specifically the highSP × highSR cluster outscored the other clusters on eating problems. These results were partly replicated with the BIS/BAS scales, although less significant relations between the clusters and eating problems were found. The implications of the findings in terms of possible risk and protective clusters are discussed. PMID:23426856

Matton, Annelies; Goossens, Lien; Braet, Caroline; Vervaet, Myriam

2013-05-01

270

Stability and Changes in Problem Behavior during Adolescence: Latent Growth Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine growth trajectories of externalizing and internalizing problems during adolescence. In addition, we also examined factors that might account for individual differences in the level of problem behavior and in the rate of change: Adolescent gender and the quality of the relationships with parents and peers. The…

Dekovic, M.; Buist, K.L.; Reitz, E.

2004-01-01

271

Does Problem Behavior Elicit Poor Parenting?: A Prospective Study of Adolescent Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the hypothesis that perceived parenting would show reciprocal relations with adolescents' problem behavior using longitudinal data from 496 adolescent girls. Results provided support for the assertion that female problem behavior has an adverse effect on parenting; elevated externalizing symptoms and substance abuse symptoms…

Huh, David; Tristan, Jennifer; Wade, Emily; Stice, Eric

2006-01-01

272

Designing a Family Problem Solving Training Program with an Adolescent Diabetic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational program was developed to assist family groups with adolescent diabetics to improve their problem-solving skills. The program is based on theoretical assumptions and research findings from a study of family problem-solving, which involved nine intact, well-functioning families (five families with a diabetic adolescent and four…

Kieren, Dianne K.; And Others

273

Decision-Making and Problem-Solving as a Well-Being Indicator among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine subjective well-being with respect to problem solving, self-esteem in decision-making and decision-making styles in adolescents. For this purpose, "Positive and Negative Affect Scale", "Satisfaction with Life Scale", "Adolescent Decision Making Scale" and "Problem Solving…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya; Colakkadiaglu, Oguzhan

2013-01-01

274

The importance of conduct problems and depressive symptoms in predicting adolescent substance use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study assessed the relative importance of conduct problems and depressive symptoms, measured at two ages (11 and 15), for predicting substance use at age 15 in an unselected birth cohort of New Zealand adolescents. Among males, when the relative predictive utility of both conduct problems and depressive symptoms was assessed, only pre-adolescent depressive symptoms were found to predict

Bill Henry; Mike Feehan; Rob McGee; Warren Stanton; Terrie E. Moffitt; Phil Silva

1993-01-01

275

Nonresident Fathers' Parenting Style and the Adjustment of Late-Adolescent Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relation between nonresident fathers' parenting style, mothers' parenting style and behaviors, and depression and antisocial behavior in a sample of late-adolescent boys (n = 177). Hierarchical regression analyses were performed. Maternal psychological well-being was associated with fewer adolescent depression symptoms.…

Karre, Jennifer K.; Mounts, Nina S.

2012-01-01

276

Perceived Legitimacy of Parental Control over Academic Behaviors and Adolescent Students' Academic Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceived legitimacy of parental control over adolescents' academic life was investigated by asking 1,088 Filipino adolescents to indicate who they thought should decide on a range of academic issues. Exploratory factor analysis suggested three factors: learning activities, academic participation, and academic options. Respondents rejected…

Bernardo, Allan B. I.

2012-01-01

277

An Exploration of Young Adolescents' Social Achievement Goals and Social Adjustment in Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies investigated the proposition that social achievement goals (different orientations toward social competence) are an important aspect of young adolescents' social motivation. Study 1 (N = 153 6th-grade students) established that different orientations toward developing or demonstrating social competence can be seen in young adolescents'…

Ryan, Allison M.; Shim, S. Serena

2008-01-01

278

Relation of Filial Responsibility to the Personal and Social Adjustment of Latino Adolescents From Immigrant Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidimensional model of filial responsibility encompassing caregiving activities in the home and perceptions of fairness was examined in relation to multiple self- and teacher-reported indices of competence and distress in a sample of Latino adolescents from immigrant families (N = 129, mean age = 16.8, 64% girls). Whereas most research of Latino adolescents has focused on felt familial obligations

Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Gregory J. Jurkovic; Sean Casey

2009-01-01

279

Family and Cultural Processes Linking Family Instability to Mexican American Adolescents' Adjustment  

PubMed Central

Despite the rapidly growing Mexican American population, no studies to date have attempted to explain the underlying relations between family instability and Mexican American children's development. Using a diverse sample of 740 Mexican American adolescents (49% female; 5th grade M age = 10.4; 7th grade M age = 12.8) and their mothers, we prospectively examined the relations between family instability and adolescent academic outcomes and mental health in the 7th grade. The model fit the data well and results indicated that family instability between 5th and 7th grade was related to increased 7th grade mother-adolescent conflict and in turn, mother-adolescent conflict was related to decreased school attachment and to increased externalizing and internalizing symptoms in the 7th grade. Results also indicated that 7th grade mother-adolescent conflict mediated the relations between family instability and 7th grade academic outcomes and mental health. Further, we explored adolescent familism values as a moderator and found that adolescent familism values served as a protective factor in the relation between mother-adolescent conflict and grades. Implications for future research and intervention strategies are discussed.

Vargas, Danyel A.; Roosa, Mark W.; Knight, George P.; O'Donnell, Megan

2013-01-01

280

Acculturation and Adaptation of Soviet Jewish Refugee Adolescents: Predictors of Adjustment Across Life Domains  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how acculturation is related to adaptation across different life spheres for 162 Soviet Jewish refugee adolescents in a suburban community in Maryland. Because the different contexts of refugee adolescents' lives vary in acculturative demands, different patterns of acculturation should be related to adaptation in different life spheres. The study uses a multidimensional measure of acculturation and assesses

Dina Birman; Edison J. Trickett; Andrey Vinokurov

2002-01-01

281

Trajectories of indonesian adolescents' religiosity, problem behavior, and friends' religiosity: covariation and sequences.  

PubMed

Changes in religiosity, problem behavior, and their friends' religiosity over a 2-year period were assessed in a sample of five hundred and fifty-nine 15-year-old Indonesian Muslim adolescents. Adolescents self-reported their religiosity, problem behavior, and friendships; the religiosity of mutual friends came from friends' self-reports. A parallel process analysis of growth curves showed that adolescents' religiosity trajectories covaried with both problem behavior and friends' religiosity. Using a cross-lagged model in which prior levels were controlled, religiosity at 10th and 11th grades predicted friends' religiosity 1 year later, suggesting that adolescents select friends of similar religiosity. This study provides evidence that religion is intertwined with other aspects of adolescent development and illustrates the importance of contextualizing adolescent religiosity within an ecological framework. PMID:24673260

French, Doran C; Christ, Sharon; Lu, Ting; Purwono, Urip

2014-07-01

282

Drugs-nutrient interactions: a potential problem during adolescence.  

PubMed

The concept of drug-nutrient interactions is not new, but it has only recently gained currency in medicine. Although the elderly are normally considered to be at particular risk, other groups may also be at risk: infants, adolescents, pregnant women, alcohol and tobacco users, etc. In infants and adolescents there are several factors that may influence the possible interactions: firstly, nutrient needs are usually higher, mainly micronutrients; systems for detoxification of anutrients are not complete; the tendency to restricted diets (especially girls) that are unable to cover the actual recommended intakes for a number of micronutrients (i.e. vitamins); and the dangerous increase in alcohol consumption either in males or females. Administration of drugs in population with adequate vitamin intake is usually not a problem, but administration of drugs in those with borderline intake of vitamins or in patients with low nutritional status can result in symptomatic vitamin deficiency states. The groups at risk of poor vitamin status are smokers (a high proportion of adolescents are active smokers); dieters (skipping meals and dieting to lose weight frequently compromise micronutrient intake, and it should be considered that it is extremely difficult to meet all the requirements at intakes of less than 1,200 calories per day), oral contraceptive users, and pregnant and lactating women, excessive alcohol users, etc. The chapter also focuses on the case of folate: rapidly dividing tissues during the adolescent growth spurt increase requirements for folate. Because of this increased need, folate status appears to be of concern during the age of this rapid growth. A variety of drugs are known to interfere with vitamin utilization by blocking or altering transformation of the vitamin to its metabolically active form. Serum folate levels are known to be low in a high percentage of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, suggesting that aspirin alters the transport of folate by competition for binding sites on serum proteins. Methotrexate, a drug commonly used at low doses for the treatment of psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis and certain liver disorders, limits the availability of methyl groups derived from one-carbon metabolism by inhibiting competitively a key enzyme in the intracellular folate metabolism. In humans, the antiepileptic drug valproic acid (VPA) is associated with two major adverse effects: teratogenicity and folate deficiency. The mechanisms by which VPA exerts the teratogenic or antifolate effect remain unclear, but an alteration in the methionine cycle is the strongest hypothesis proposed. PMID:10805043

Alonso-Aperte, E; Varela-Moreiras, G

2000-03-01

283

Effect on Behavior Problems of Teen Online Problem-Solving for Adolescent Traumatic Brain Injury  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE: To report the results of a randomized clinical trial of teen online problem-solving (TOPS) meant to improve behavioral outcomes of adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare the efficacy of TOPS with access to Internet resources in teenagers with TBI in improving parent and self-reported behavior problems and parent-teen conflicts. Participants included 41 adolescents aged 11 to 18 years (range: 11.47–17.90 years) who had sustained a moderate-to-severe TBI between 3 and 19 months earlier. Teens in the TOPS group received 10 to 14 online sessions that provided training in problem-solving, communication skills, and self-regulation. Outcomes were assessed before treatment and at a follow-up assessment an average of 8 months later. Groups were compared on follow-up scores after we controlled for pretreatment levels. Injury severity and socioeconomic status were examined as potential moderators of treatment efficacy. RESULTS: Forty-one participants provided consent and completed baseline assessments, and follow-up assessments were completed for 35 participants (16 TOPS, 19 Internet resource comparison). The TOPS group reported significantly less parent-teen conflict at follow-up than did the Internet-resource-comparison group. Improvements in teen behavior after TOPS were moderated by injury severity; there were greater improvements in the teens' internalizing symptoms after TOPS among adolescents with severe TBI. Family socioeconomic status also moderated the efficacy of TOPS in improving behavior problems reported by both parents and teens, although the nature of the moderation effects varied. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that TOPS contributes to improvements in parent-teen conflict generally and parent and self-reported teen behavior problems for certain subsets of participants.

Walz, Nicolay C.; Carey, JoAnne; McMullen, Kendra M.; Cass, Jennifer; Mark, Erin; Yeates, Keith Owen

2011-01-01

284

Health Promotion for Adolescents: Preventive and Corrective Strategies against Problem Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research on problem behavior in adolescence. Discusses implications of this research, distinguishing between different stages in the process by which problem behavior emerges and separates "preventive" from "corrective" forms of intervention. Discusses implications for social policy. (Author/ABL)

Hurrelmann, Klaus

1990-01-01

285

Childhood Sleep Problems, Response Inhibition, and Alcohol and Drug Outcomes in Adolescence and Young Adulthood  

PubMed Central

Background To our knowledge, no prospective studies examine the relationships among childhood sleep problems, adolescent executive functioning, and substance outcomes (i.e., substance use and substance-related problems). In this study, we examined whether childhood sleep problems predicted adolescent sleep problems and response inhibition. We also tested whether adolescent sleep problems and poor response inhibition mediated the relationship between childhood sleep problems and substance (alcohol and drug) outcomes in young adulthood. Methods Study participants were 292 boys and 94 girls (M = 4.85, SD = 1.47) from a community sample of high-risk families and controls. Results When compared to their counterparts, those with trouble sleeping in childhood were twice as likely to have the same problem in adolescence. Childhood overtiredness predicted poor response inhibition in adolescence. Persistent trouble sleeping from childhood to adolescence and response inhibition in adolescence mediated the relationship between childhood sleep problems and drug outcomes in young adulthood, whereas overtiredness in childhood directly predicted alcohol use outcomes and alcohol-related problems in young adulthood. Conclusions This is the first study showing a long-term relationship between childhood sleep measures and subsequent alcohol and drug outcomes. The developmental and clinical implications of these findings were discussed. Prevention and intervention programs may want to consider the role of sleep problems and response inhibition on substance use and abuse.

Wong, Maria M.; Brower, Kirk J.; Nigg, Joel T.; Zucker, Robert A.

2014-01-01

286

Suspected nonalcoholic Fatty liver disease is not associated with vitamin d status in adolescents after adjustment for obesity.  

PubMed

This study investigated a potential independent association between hypovitaminosis D and suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a nationally representative sample of the US adolescents. Data from 1630 subjects 12-19?years of age were examined using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004. The vitamin D status of subjects was categorized into quartiles of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Subjects with serum ALT > 30?U/L were classified as having suspected NAFLD. Data regarding age, sex, race, BMI, and poverty level were also analyzed in bivariate and multivariate analyses using SAS and SUDAAN software. Suspected NAFLD was identified in 12.1% of adolescents in the lowest quartile compared to 6.9% of adolescents in the second quartile, 8.0% in the third quartile, and 13.17% in the highest quartile of serum 25(OH)D concentrations (P = .05). In analyses utilizing vitamin D as a continuous variable, no independent association was found between Vitamin D levels and rates of elevated ALT levels. In multivariate analyses, higher risks for suspected NAFLD were observed in males and overweight adolescents; however, vitamin D status was not found to be independently associated with suspected NAFLD after adjusting for obesity. PMID:21331294

Katz, Karin; Brar, Preneet Cheema; Parekh, Niyati; Liu, Ying-Hua; Weitzman, Michael

2010-01-01

287

Teacher awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent risky behaviours: is adolescent gambling perceived to be a problem?  

PubMed

Despite legislative prohibitions, there is empirical evidence that youth gamble on both regulated and unregulated activities. The current survey was designed to assess teachers' awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other high-risk behaviours. Three-hundred and ninety teachers from Ontario and Quebec, with experience teaching students aged 12-18, completed an online survey. Results suggest that teachers are aware of the fact that youth gamble. Furthermore, they recognized the addictive nature of gambling and their subsequent consequences. Despite overestimating the proportion of youth experiencing gambling problems, gambling was viewed as being the least serious of issues affecting youth, with drug use and school violence topping the list. Almost half of respondents indicated that gambling in school can constitute a good learning activity. In regards to prevention, all other risky behaviours and academic problems were perceived as issues needing greater attention than gambling. These results, which are largely consistent with findings from a previous study examining parental perceptions of adolescent risky behaviours, suggest a need for greater awareness and teacher education. PMID:23423729

Derevensky, Jeffrey L; St-Pierre, Renee A; Temcheff, Caroline E; Gupta, Rina

2014-06-01

288

Own and parental war experience as a risk factor for mental health problems among adolescents with an immigrant background: results from a cross sectional study in Oslo, Norway  

PubMed Central

Background An increasing proportion of immigrants to Western countries in the past decade are from war affected countries. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of war experience among adolescents and their parents and to investigate possible differences in internalizing and externalizing mental health problems between adolescents exposed and unexposed to own and parental war experience. Method The study is based on a cross-sectional population-based survey of all 10th grade pupils in Oslo for two consecutive years. A total of 1,758 aadolescents were included, all with both parents born outside of Norway. Internalizing and externalizing mental health problems were measured by Hopkins Symptom Checklist-10 and subscales of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, respectively. Own and parental war experience is based on adolescent self-report. Results The proportion of adolescents with own war experience was 14% with the highest prevalence in immigrants from Eastern Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa. The proportion of parental war experience was 33% with Sub-Saharan Africa being highest. Adolescents reporting own war experience had higher scores for both internalizing and externalizing mental health problems compared to immigrants without war experience, but only externalizing problems reached statistically significant differences. For parental war experience there was a statistically significant relationship between parental war experience and internalizing mental health problems. The association remained significant after adjustment for parental educational level and adolescents' own war experience. Conclusion War exposure is highly prevalent among immigrants living in Oslo, Norway, both among adolescents themselves and their parents. Among immigrants to Norway, parental war experience appears to be stronger associated with mental health problems than adolescents own exposure to war experience.

2006-01-01

289

Parental adjustment, parenting attitudes and emotional and behavioral problems in children with selective mutism.  

PubMed

The present study investigated emotional and behavioral problems in children with selective mutism (SM) along with the psychological adjustment and parenting attitudes of their mothers and fathers. Participants included 26 children with SM (mean age = 8.11 ± 2.11 years), 32 healthy controls (mean age = 8.18 ± 2.55 years) and the parents of all children. Children with SM displayed higher problem scores than controls in a variety of emotional and behavioral parameters. They predominantly displayed internalizing problems, whereas aggressive and delinquent behavior was described among a subsample of the children. Significant differences existed between the SM and control groups only in paternal psychopathology, which included anxiety and depression. They did not differ with respect to maternal psychological distress or mother or father reported parental attitudes. Another important result of the present study was that the severity of emotional and behavioral problems of children with SM was correlated with maternal psychopathology but not paternal psychopathology. PMID:23247199

Alyanak, Behiye; K?l?nçaslan, Ay?e; Harmanc?, Halime Sözen; Demirkaya, Sevcan Karakoç; Yurtbay, Tülin; Vehid, Hayriye Ertem

2013-01-01

290

The stress response and adolescents' adjustment: the impact of child maltreatment.  

PubMed

Experience with and management of stress has implications for adolescents' behavioral and socioemotional development. This study examined the relationship between adolescents' physiological response to an acute laboratory stressor (i.e., Trier Social Stress Test; TSST) and anger regulation and interpersonal competence in a sample of 175 low-income urban adolescents (51.8% girls). Findings suggested that heightened reactivity as indicated by cortisol, heart rate, and blood pressure was associated with increased interpersonal competence and anger regulation. However, these findings were context dependent such that, for youth high in self-reported child maltreatment, heightened reactivity was associated with decreased interpersonal competence and anger regulation. Results highlight the importance of considering how context may condition the effect of stress reactivity on functioning during adolescence. PMID:22359225

Cook, Emily C; Chaplin, Tara M; Sinha, Rajita; Tebes, Jacob K; Mayes, Linda C

2012-08-01

291

Perceived family environment as a moderator of young adolescents' life stress adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A longitudinal design was employed to test the main and stress-moderating effects of young adolescents'perceived family environment (Family Environment Scales; FES; Moos & Moos, 1981) on their depression, anxiety, and self-esteem. This study was part of a larger Iongitudinal project (L. Cohen, Burt, & Bjorck, 1987) that demonstrated the significant cross-sectional effects of the young adolescents' controllable and uncontrollable negative

Charles E. Burt; Lawrence H. Cohen; Jeffrey P. Bjorck

1988-01-01

292

Substance Use and Psychological Adjustment in Homeless Adolescents: A Test of Three Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three models of adolescent substance use, the deviance-prone, affect-regulation, and normative development models, were assessed regarding their ability to predict the substance use of a high-risk homeless adolescent sample with high rates of deviance, depression, and substance use. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses that included tests for curvilinear and gender interaction effects were performed. Results supported the deviance-prone model most strongly,

Michael G. MacLean; Matthew J. Paradise; Ana Mari Cauce

1999-01-01

293

Overt and Relational Aggression in Adolescents: Social-Psychological Adjustment of Aggressors and Victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined the relative and combined associations among relational and overt forms of aggression and victimization and adolescents'concurrent depression symptoms, lone-liness, self-esteem, and externalizing behavior. An ethnically diverse sample of 566 adolescents (55% girls) in Grades 9 to 12 participated. Results replicated prior work on relational aggression and victimization as distinct forms of peer behavior that are uniquely associated with concurrent

Mitchell J. Prinstein; Julie Boergers; Eric M. Vernberg

2001-01-01

294

Child involvement in interparental conflict and child adjustment problems: a longitudinal study of violent families.  

PubMed

This study examined whether child involvement in interparental conflict predicts child externalizing and internalizing problems in violent families. Participants were 119 families (mothers and children) recruited from domestic violence shelters. One child between the ages of 7 and 10 years in each family (50 female, 69 male) completed measures of involvement in their parents' conflicts, externalizing problems, and internalizing problems. Mothers completed measures of child externalizing and internalizing problems, and physical intimate partner violence. Measures were completed at three assessments, spaced 6 months apart. Results indicated that children's involvement in their parents' conflicts was positively associated with child adjustment problems. These associations emerged in between-subjects and within-subjects analyses, and for child externalizing as well as internalizing problems, even after controlling for the influence of physical intimate partner violence. In addition, child involvement in parental conflicts predicted later child reports of externalizing problems, but child reports of externalizing problems did not predict later involvement in parental conflicts. These findings highlight the importance of considering children's involvement in their parents' conflicts in theory and clinical work pertaining to high-conflict families. PMID:24249486

Jouriles, Ernest N; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee; Mueller, Victoria

2014-07-01

295

Parental Attributions for the Behavior Problems of Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders  

PubMed Central

Objective The authors examined parental attributions for child behavior problems in 63 married couples of children and adolescents (aged 3–20 years) with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Both child-referent attributions (i.e., beliefs about causes related to the child or adolescent) and parent-referent attributions (i.e., beliefs about causes related to the parent) were examined along the dimensions of locus, stability, and controllability. Parent and child/adolescent factors related to parental attributions were identified, and the associations between parental attributions and parenting burden were explored. Method Mothers and fathers independently completed self-reported measures of parental attributions, parenting burden, and child behavior problems. Couples jointly reported on their son or daughter’s severity of autism symptoms, intellectual disability status, age, and gender. Results Parents tended to attribute the behavior problems of their child/adolescent with an ASD to characteristics that were not only internal to and stable in the child/adolescent but also controllable by the child/adolescent. Mothers were more likely to attribute their son or daughter’s behavior problems to characteristics that were less internal to and less stable in the child/adolescent with an ASD than were fathers. In addition, parents with a higher level of symptoms of the broader autism phenotype, parents of younger children, and parents of children/adolescents with intellectual disability, a higher severity of autism symptoms, and a higher severity of overall behavior problems were more likely to attribute their son or daughter’s behavior problems to characteristics that were more internal to and stable in the child/adolescent and factors that were less controllable by the child/adolescent. Parental attributions were related to parents’ level of parenting burden. Implications Findings have implications for designing appropriate interventions and services for families of children and adolescents with ASDs.

Hartley, Sigan L.; Schaidle, Emily M.; Burnson, Cynthia F.

2014-01-01

296

Exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields and behavioural problems in Bavarian children and adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only few studies have so far investigated possible health effects of radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMF) in children\\u000a and adolescents, although experts discuss a potential higher vulnerability to such fields. We aimed to investigate a possible\\u000a association between measured exposure to RF EMF fields and behavioural problems in children and adolescents. 1,498 children\\u000a and 1,524 adolescents were randomly selected from

Silke Thomas; Sabine Heinrich; Rüdiger von Kries; Katja Radon

2010-01-01

297

Maternal depressive symptoms: Associations with adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems and social competence.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: The negative effect of maternal depressive symptoms on child wellbeing has been quite extensively studied. There is, however, debate as to whether it is the timing, the recurrence or the chronicity of maternal depressive symptoms that puts the child's wellbeing at risk. Aims: This study explores the associations between the timing, recurrence and the patterns of maternal depressive symptoms and adolescent psychosocial functioning. Methods: One hundred and ninety-one mothers and 192 adolescents were followed up from the mother's pregnancy to the child's adolescence. Maternal depressive symptoms were screened with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale prenatally, postnatally, in early and middle childhood, and at adolescence. The adolescents' outcomes were screened using Child Behavior Checklists and Youth Self Reports. Results: The results indicate that the initial exposure to maternal depressive symptoms at pregnancy is associated with more externalizing problems in adolescence, 2 months postnatally with more internalizing problems, in early childhood with poorer social competence and concurrently with more externalizing problems. Combined analyses indicate that recurrent maternal depressive symptoms best explain adolescents' internalizing problems and the chronic pattern of maternal depressive symptoms externalizing problems. The chronic and intermittent patterns of maternal depressive symptoms best explained adolescents' poorer social competence. Conclusions: Recurrent or chronic maternal depressive symptoms rather than the timing predict adolescents' psychosocial problems better. The timing, however, may explain the different kinds of problems in adolescence depending on the developmental task at the time of the exposure. The findings should be noted when treating both mothers and children in psychiatric clinics and other health services. PMID:24070429

Korhonen, Marie; Luoma, Ilona; Salmelin, Raili; Tamminen, Tuula

2014-07-01

298

Acculturation and Adjustment in Latino Adolescents: How Cultural Risk Factors and Assets Influence Multiple Domains of Adolescent Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among risk factors, cultural assets, and Latino adolescent mental\\u000a health outcomes. We extend past research by using a longitudinal design and evaluating direct and moderated acculturation\\u000a effects across a range of internalizing, externalizing, and academic engagement outcomes. The sample consisted of 281 Latino\\/a\\u000a youths and one of their parents in

Paul Smokowski; Rachel L. Buchanan; Martica L. Bacallao

2009-01-01

299

Risk factors for problem behavior in adolescents of parents with a chronic medical condition.  

PubMed

A wide array of risk factors for problem behavior in adolescents with chronically ill parents emerges from the literature. This study aims to identify those factors with the highest impact on internalizing problem behavior (anxious, depressed and withdrawn behavior, and somatic complaints) and externalizing problem behavior (aggressive and rule-breaking behavior) as measured by the Youth Self-Report (YSR). The YSR was filled in by 160 adolescents (mean age = 15.1 years) from 100 families (102 chronically ill parents and 83 healthy spouses). Linear mixed model analyses were used, enabling separation of variance attributable to individual factors and variance attributable to family membership (i.e., family cluster effect). Predictors were child, parent, illness-related and family characteristics. The results showed that almost half of the variance in internalizing problem scores was explained by family membership, while externalizing problems were mainly explained by individual factors. Roughly 60 % of the variance in internalizing problems was predicted by illness duration, adolescents' feeling of isolation, daily hassles affecting personal life and alienation from the mother. Approximately a third of the variance in externalizing problems was predicted by adolescents' male gender, daily hassles concerning ill parents and alienation from both parents. In conclusion, the variance in adolescent problem behavior is largely accounted for by family membership, children's daily hassles and parent-child attachment. To prevent marginalization of adolescents with a chronically ill parent, it is important to be alert for signs of problem behavior and foster the peer and family support system. PMID:22543962

Sieh, Dominik Sebastian; Visser-Meily, Johanna Maria Augusta; Oort, Frans Jeroen; Meijer, Anne Marie

2012-08-01

300

Internalizing and Externalizing Personality Dimensions and Clinical Problems in Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ostensible psychiatric comorbidity can sometimes be explained by shared relations between diagnostic constructs and higher\\u000a order internalizing and externalizing dimensions. However, this possibility has not been explored with regard to comorbidity\\u000a between personality pathology and other clinical constructs in adolescents. In this study, personality pattern scales from\\u000a the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory in a sample of 492 adolescent inpatients were

Christopher J. HopwoodCarlos; Carlos M. Grilo

2010-01-01

301

Defining, Assessing, and Treating Adolescent Insomnia and Related Sleep Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

As parents, teachers, coaches, health care providers, and teenagers themselves know, adolescence is filled with significant\\u000a physical, cognitive, emotional, and social change. Sleep is a crucial and often ignored aspect of adolescents’ lives as it\\u000a changes and influences factors in their overall development, as well as in their daily lives. The quality and quantity of\\u000a adolescents’ sleep significantly influences their

Amy R. Wolfson; Alison Quinn; Anna Vannucci

302

Self-Concept and Identified Problem Differences Between Pre- and Postmenarcheal Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differences between 232 middle- and lower-class pre- and postmenarcheal adolescents and differences across four developmental levels for the postmenarcheal group. Postmenarcheal adolescents had more problems, but were higher in self-concept, supporting the view that menarche onset is a positive event for most females.…

Garwood, S. Gray; Allen, Laurel

1979-01-01

303

Psychiatric Problems and Trauma Exposure in Nondetained Delinquent and Nondelinquent Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the prevalence of and associations between specific psychiatric disorders, substance use problems, and trauma exposure in a sample of delinquent and nondelinquent adolescents. A nationally representative sample of adolescents ("n" = 3,614; "M" age = 14.5 years, "SD" = 1.7; 51% male; 71% White,…

Adams, Zachary W.; McCart, Michael R.; Zajac, Kristyn; Danielson, Carla Kmett; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Saunders, Benjamin E.; Kilpatrick, Dean G.

2013-01-01

304

Promoting Adolescent Help-Seeking for Mental Health Problems: Strategies for School-Based Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive research suggests that adolescence is a critical developmental period, especially when it comes to factors that influence mental health problems. Systematic efforts to promote adolescent help-seeking are essential for improving long-term mental health outcomes. Defined as a "behavior of actively seeking help from other people,"…

Walcott, Christy M.; Music, Ajlana

2012-01-01

305

Development of Ethnic Disparities in Internalizing and Externalizing Problems from Adolescence into Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little is known about changes in ethnic disparities in mental health during the development of adolescents into young adults. The aim of this study was to study the development of disparities in internalizing and externalizing problems between Dutch natives and Turkish migrant children from adolescence into adulthood. Methods: Turkish…

Van Oort, Floor V.A.; Joung, Inez M. A.; Mackenbach, Johan P.; Verhulst, Frank C.; Bengi-Arslan, Leyla; Crijnen, Alfons A. M.; Van Der Ende, Jan

2007-01-01

306

Pathways of Behavior Problems From Childhood to Late Adolescence Leading to Delinquency and Academic Underachievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent delinquency and academic underachievement are both linked with child and adolescent behavior problems. However, little is known about behavioral pathways leading to these adverse outcomes. Children's aggression, opposition, status violations, and property violations scores were collected at ages 5, 10, and 18. Delinquency and academic functioning was rated at age 18. Age 18 status violations were linked to delinquency,

Maartje Timmermans; Pol A. C. van Lier; Hans M. Koot

2009-01-01

307

Substance use among adolescents in Taiwan: associated personality traits, incompetence, and behavioral\\/emotional problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite that adolescent substance use is increasingly prevalent throughout the world and leads to increased risk of progression to illicit drug use, few studies have examined in detail individual features that are associated with such use. We aimed to examine personality traits, incompetence, and behavioral\\/emotional problems in relation to adolescent substance use and possible interactions between these factors. Methods:

Po-Hsiu Kuo; Hao-Jan Yang; Wei-Tsuen Soong; Wei J Chen

2002-01-01

308

Age and Gender Differences in Coping Style across Various Problems: Omani Adolescents' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines adolescents' coping styles, with relation to their gender and age and level, of six types of problems. The participants were 1843 adolescents (51.7% female and 48.3% male) from the Sultanate of Oman with a mean age of 15.75. Two scales examining general adaptive and maladaptive coping styles and levels of school, economic,…

Al-Bahrani, Muna; Aldhafri, Said; Alkharusi, Hussain; Kazem, Ali; Alzubiadi, Abdulqawi

2013-01-01

309

Family Stressors and Adolescent Cannabis Use: A Pathway to Problem Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Estimates the direct impact of family stressors on the progression to problem cannabis use among adolescents in Ontario. Results suggest that family stressors have direct and indirect effects increasing the probability of cannabis use outcomes. The implications of these more complex associations between factors believed to influence adolescent

Butters, Jennifer E.

2002-01-01

310

Measuring Community Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Problem Behaviors: Evidence from a Developing Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most published research on community risk and protective factors for adolescent problem behaviors has been carried out in developed nations. This article examines community risk and protective factors in a sample of more than 2,500 adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago, a developing Caribbean nation. The authors examine the construct and concurrent…

Maguire, Edward R.; Wells, William; Katz, Charles M.

2011-01-01

311

Cortisol Reactivity, Distress Behavior, and Behavioral and Psychological Problems in Young Adolescents: A Longitudinal Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined blood cortisol levels, at three 6-month intervals, for young adolescent outpatients in relation to psychological measures derived from patient interviews preceding clinic visits and observed stress behaviors during visits. Found that adolescents in the increased cortisol reactivity group reported more behavior problems and depression…

Susman, Elizabeth J.; And Others

1997-01-01

312

Family Loyalty and Adolescent Problem Behavior: The Validity of the Family Group Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relation between perceived justice and trust within family relationships and adolescent internalizing and externalizing problem behavior. Data were gathered from the father, the mother, and two of their adolescent children in 288 families. The social relations model was used to assess perceived justice and trust at…

Delsing, Marc J. M. H.; van Aken, Marcel A. G.; Oud, Johan H. L.; De Bruyn, Eric E. J.; Scholte, Ron H. J.

2005-01-01

313

Parent Attachment, School Commitment, and Problem Behavior Trajectories of Diverse Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the growth trajectories from early to late adolescence of teacher ratings of students' behavior problems from 9th through 11th grade and student self-reports of alcohol use in a sample of predominately minority adolescents (n = 179, 90% African-American and/or Hispanic, 43% boys, 57% girls) in a large,…

Cavendish, Wendy; Nielsen, Amie L.; Montague, Marjorie

2012-01-01

314

A Longitudinal Study into the Interplay between Problem Orientation and Adolescent Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past research has documented a link between negative problem orientation (NPO) and poor emotional well-being, but little of this research has focused on adolescence or has collected multiple waves of data. The authors conducted a 3-wave longitudinal survey of 841 adolescents in Grades 8, 9, and 10 (428 boys, 411 girls, 2 unidentified). The survey…

Ciarrochi, Joseph; Leeson, Peter; Heaven, Patrick C. L.

2009-01-01

315

Changes in Externalizing and Internalizing Problems of Adolescents in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a developmental psychopathology framework, this study aimed to examine changes in externalizing and internalizing problems of adolescents in foster care and to determine whether type of maltreatment, gender, and age influenced trajectories. Authors used 3 waves of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Growth-curve…

McWey, Lenore M.; Cui, Ming; Pazdera, Andrea L.

2010-01-01

316

Shared secrets versus secrets kept private are linked to better adolescent adjustment.  

PubMed

It is a household notion that secrecy is bad while sharing is good. But what about shared secrets? The present research adopts a functional analysis of sharing secrets, arguing that it should negate harmful consequences generally associated with secrecy and serves important interpersonal functions in adolescence. A survey study among 790 Dutch adolescents showed that, in line with hypotheses, shared secrets (1) were kept by more adolescents than private secrets, (2) were not linked to maladjustment and (3) were linked to higher interpersonal functioning. Whereas private secrecy was associated with increased delinquency, physical complaints, depressive mood, loneliness, and with lower quality relationships, shared secrecy was associated only with more interpersonal competence. Moreover, sharing a secret was specifically linked to a higher quality relationship with the confidant, and sharing with parents was linked with less delinquency, whereas sharing with a best friend was linked with less loneliness and more interpersonal competence. PMID:23040399

Frijns, Tom; Finkenauer, Catrin; Keijsers, Loes

2013-02-01

317

Mental Health Problems and Symptoms among Male Adolescents Attending a Teen Health Clinic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the frequency and nature of mental health problems and symptoms among a group of 51 inner city male adolescents attending a teen health clinic. Results indicated participants experienced significant mental health problems and symptoms, such as relationship problems, problems with time and money, and symptoms of anger, depression, and…

Smith, Peggy B.; Buzi, Ruth S.; Weinman, Maxine L.

2001-01-01

318

Doing Well vs. Feeling Well: Understanding Family Dynamics and the Psychological Adjustment of Chinese Immigrant Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their average high levels of educational achievement, Asian American students often report poor psychological and social adjustment, suggesting an achievement/adjustment paradox. Yet, the reasons for this paradox remain unclear. Drawing on 5-year longitudinal qualitative interview data, this paper compares the family dynamics of two groups…

Qin, Desiree Baolian

2008-01-01

319

Marital and Severe Parent-to-Adolescent Physical Aggression in Clinic-Referred Families: Mother and Adolescent Reports on Co-occurrence and Links to Child Behavior Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the interplay of marital and severe parental physical aggression, and their links to child behavior problems, in 232 families of clinic-referred adolescents. Combined reports from mothers and adolescents indicated that two thirds of adolescents exposed to marital aggression in the past year had also experienced parental aggression. Mothers and fathers who used and\\/or were victims of marital

Annette Mahoney; William O. Donnelly; Paul Boxer; Terri Lewis

2003-01-01

320

Adolescent psychological and academic adjustment as a function of discrepancies between actual and ideal self-perceptions.  

PubMed

Actual-ideal discrepancies are associated with adolescent emotional distress and there is evidence that the size of discrepancies matters. However, the direction of discrepancies has not been examined, perhaps due to limitations of widely used self-discrepancy measures. Two hundred and twelve 7th, 9th and 11th grade students (59% female) in a public school in Jamaica described their actual and ideal selves in several different domains--friendship, dating, schoolwork, family, sports, and religion/spirituality--using a Pie measure. Students also completed measures of depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and academic achievement. Discrepancies favoring the ideal self and those favoring the actual self were linked to depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, and poor school grades in the domains of friendship, dating, and schoolwork. Effects were stronger among older adolescents than among younger adolescents. Theories of actual/ideal self-discrepancies have focused on problems arising when the ideal self overshadows the actual self; however, the present study finds that self-discrepancies, regardless of their direction, are a liability. Implications for self-discrepancy measurement, adolescent development, and clinical practice are discussed. PMID:19830533

Ferguson, Gail M; Hafen, Christopher A; Laursen, Brett

2010-12-01

321

Adolescents' Subjective Distress over Their Emotional/Behavioral Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among 151 seventh and eighth graders, self-reports of occurrence of behaviors were significantly but moderately correlated with subjects' distress about behaviors. Adolescents rated externalizing behaviors as more distressing to parents than to adolescents; internalizing behaviors as more distressing to self than to parents. Ratings of subjective…

Phares, Vicky; Compas, Bruce E.

1990-01-01

322

On Certain Aspects of the Problem of Adolescent Prostitution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent prostitution is a particular social phenomenon characterized by the fact that adolescents (those under the age of eighteen), either females or males, engage more than once (at least two times) in extramarital sexual relations with a large number of people for some particular (material) consideration owing to social, economic,…

Ivanova, L.

2004-01-01

323

Adolescent Stress: The Relationship between Stress and Mental Health Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although low levels of stressful life experiences are considered to be a normal part of development, higher levels can constitute a threat to the well-being and healthy development of children and adolescents. Adolescents are exposed to increased rates of stressful life experiences and there is some evidence that increases in stressors account, at…

Grant, Kathryn E.; Behling, Steven; Gipson, Polly Y.; Ford, Rebecca E.

2005-01-01

324

Parental Psychological Abuse toward children and Mental Health Problems in adolescence  

PubMed Central

Objective: Present study was conducted to explore the relationship between parental psychological abuse toward their children and mental health problems in adolescence. Method: Three hundred participants age range 13-17 years, (57% boys and 43% girls) participated in the study from both public and private high schools of Lahore. Psychological maltreatment experience scale (PMES) and Youth Self-Report(YSR) were used for assessment and diagnosis. Results: Findings revealed that psychological abuse by parents significantly related with mental health problems in adolescents, for mother abuse (r= .24 to.67, p< .05) and father abuse (r= .20 to.70, p< .05). Adolescents who perceived their parents as more abusive exhibited greater problems. Regression analysis indicated that hypothesized factors of parental psychological abuse predicted the mental health problems in adolescents (contributed from 10% to 49% of variance). Conclusion: Psychological abuse by parents is related with mental health problems in adolescents. These findings will contribute to a better understanding of non-injurious psychological abuse and its impact on adolescents. Findings of the study can be used to bring the attention of parents, public and professionals’ towards damaging effects of psychological abuse on adolescents

Iram Rizvi, Syeda Fariha; Najam, Najma

2014-01-01

325

Information Management Strategies in Early Adolescence: Developmental Change in Use and Transactional Associations with Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents use various strategies to manage their parents' access to information. This study tested developmental change in strategy use, longitudinal associations between disclosing and concealing strategies, and longitudinal associations linking disclosing and concealing strategies with antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms. Self-report…

Laird, Robert D.; Marrero, Matthew D.; Melching, Jessica A.; Kuhn, Emily S.

2013-01-01

326

Longitudinal Linkages between Sibling Relationships and Adjustment from Middle Childhood through Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The links between changes in sibling conflict and intimacy and changes in perceived peer social competence and depression symptoms were examined from middle childhood through adolescence. Participants were mothers, fathers and first- and second-born siblings from 197 White, working/middle class, two-parent families. Peer competence peaked in …

Kim, Ji-Yeon; McHale, Susan M.; Crouter, Ann C.; Osgood, D. Wayne

2007-01-01

327

Family Time and the Psycho-Social Adjustment of Adolescent Siblings and Their Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the implications of family time for first-born and second-born adolescent offspring, mothers, and fathers in 192 dual-earner families, defining family time as time shared by the foursome in activities across 7 days. Data were gathered in daily telephone interviews. For first-borns, higher levels of family time at Time 1…

Crouter, Ann C.; Head, Melissa R.; Mchale, Susan M.; Tucker, Corinna Jenkins

2004-01-01

328

The Relationship between Parenting Types and Older Adolescents' Personality, Academic Achievement, Adjustment, and Substance Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relations between parents' child-rearing style and their older adolescent children's behavior with a sample of 178 college students and their families. Found that students from Nondirective homes had significantly higher SAT scores than students from Authoritarian-Directive and Democratic homes. Students from Unengaged homes had the…

Weiss, Laura H.; Schwarz, J. Conrad

1996-01-01

329

Patterns of Competence and Adjustment among Adolescents from Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, and Neglectful Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test Maccoby and Martin's (1983) revision of Baumrind's conceptual framework, the families of approximately 4,100 14- to 18-year-olds were classified into one of 4 groups (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, or neglectful) on the basis of the adolescents' ratings of their parents on 2 dimensions: acceptance/involvement and firm control.…

Lamborn, Susie D.; And Others

330

Attachment in Adolescence: Overlap with Parenting and Unique Prediction of Behavioural Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Attachment theory was conceptualized by Bowlby as relevant across the life span, from "cradle to grave". The research literature on attachment in infants and preschool-aged children is extensive, but it is limited in adolescence. In particular, it is unclear whether or not attachment security is distinguishable from other qualities of…

Scott, Stephen; Briskman, Jacqueline; Woolgar, Matthew; Humayun, Sajid; O'Connor, Thomas G.

2011-01-01

331

Differential Associations between Domains of Sibling Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues of equality and fairness and invasion of the personal domain, 2 previously identified topic areas of adolescent sibling conflict (N. Campione-Barr & J. G. Smetana, 2010), were examined in 145 dyads ("M" [subscript first-born] = 14.97, "SD" = 1.69 years; "M" [subscript second-born] = 12.20, "SD" = 1.90 years) for their differential effects…

Campione-Barr, Nicole; Greer, Kelly Bassett; Kruse, Anna

2013-01-01

332

Adolescents with a Childhood Experience of Parental Divorce: A Longitudinal Study of Mental Health and Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a prospective Norwegian study of a group of adolescents with an experience of parental divorce or separation (n=413) and a comparison group without this experience (n=1758). Mean age at T1 was 14.4 years and mean age at T2 was 18.4 years. Parental divorce was prospectively associated with a relative change in anxiety and depression,…

Storksen, Ingunn; Roysamb, Espen; Moum, Torbjorn; Tambs, Kristian

2005-01-01

333

Childhood risk and protective factors and late adolescent adjustment in inner city minority youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation examined longitudinal relationships among childhood risk and protective factors and academic, social, and mental health outcomes in late adolescence. Data were drawn from the Chicago Longitudinal Study, a research project that has tracked a cohort of 1539 impoverished inner-city youth from birth to young adulthood. An ecological model containing information on child characteristics, family processes, early childhood intervention

Paul R. Smokowski; Emily A. Mann; Arthur J. Reynolds; Mark W. Fraser

2004-01-01

334

Adjustment of Homeless Adolescents to a Crisis Shelter: Application of a Stress and Coping Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the usefulness of a stress and coping model of adaptation to a homeless shelter among 78 homeless adolescents who were interviewed and completed measures at shelter entrance and discharge. After controlling for relevant background variables, measures of coping resources, appraisal, and coping strategies showed relations with measures of…

Dalton, Melanie M.; Pakenham, Kenneth I.

2002-01-01

335

Cross-Informant Agreement between Parent-Reported and Adolescent Self-Reported Problems in 25 Societies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used population sample data from 25 societies to answer the following questions: (a) How consistently across societies do adolescents report more problems than their parents report about them? (b) Do levels of parent-adolescent agreement vary among societies for different kinds of problems? (c) How well do parents and adolescents in different…

Rescorla, Leslie A.; Ginzburg, Sofia; Achenbach, Thomas M.; Ivanova, Masha Y.; Almqvist, Fredrik; Begovac, Ivan; Bilenberg, Niels; Bird, Hector; Chahed, Myriam; Dobrean, Anca; Dopfner, Manfred; Erol, Nese; Hannesdottir, Helga; Kanbayashi, Yasuko; Lambert, Michael C.; Leung, Patrick W. L.; Minaei, Asghar; Novik, Torunn S.; Oh, Kyung-Ja; Petot, Djaouida; Petot, Jean-Michel; Pomalima, Rolando; Rudan, Vlasta; Sawyer, Michael; Simsek, Zeynep; Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph; Valverde, Jose; van der Ende, Jan; Weintraub, Sheila; Metzke, Christa Winkler; Wolanczyk, Tomasz; Zhang, Eugene Yuqing; Zukauskiene, Rita; Verhulst, Frank C.

2013-01-01

336

Marital Adjustment in Families of Young Children with Disabilities: Associations with Daily Hassles and Problem-Focused Coping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family systems framework was used to examine associations between stressors/hassles, problem-focused coping, and marital adjustment in 67 families of young children with disabilities. Most of the couples were experiencing average to above average marital adjustment. When daily stressors/hassles were higher, husbands and wives viewed their…

Stoneman, Zolinda; Gavidia-Payne, Susana

2006-01-01

337

Adolescents in Rural Communities Seeking Help: Who Reports Problems and Who Sees Professionals?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examined whether adolescents who were at various stages of the help-seeking process differed on demographic characteristics, use of informal helpers, and markers of emotional and behavioral adjustment. Method: Youths (N = 644; Grades 7-12) living in three rural communities completed a survey at school. Three comparisons were…

Sears, Heather A.

2004-01-01

338

Are behavioral problems in childhood and adolescence associated with bipolar disorder in early adulthood?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several recent studies have found an association between conduct problems and bipolar disorder in adolescents. However, prospective\\u000a studies are rare and most do not apply multivariable analysis strategies to control for important variables (e.g. socio-demographics).\\u000a The aim of this study was to test the association between certain conduct problems and bipolar disorders. The sample consisted\\u000a of 591 adolescents (male and

Jérôme Endrass; Stefan Vetter; Alex Gamma; William T. Gallo; Astrid Rossegger; Frank Urbaniok; Jules Angst

2007-01-01

339

Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Problem Behaviors Among Pre-Adolescent Youth  

PubMed Central

Objectives We examined the contribution of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination to disparities in problem behaviors among pre-adolescent Black, Latino, and White youth. Methods We used cross-sectional data from Healthy Passages, a three-community study of 5,119 fifth-graders and their parents. Multivariate regressions were used to examine the relationships of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination and race/ethnicity to problem behaviors (physical and non-physical aggression, retaliatory behaviors, and delinquency). We used values from these regressions to calculate the percentage of disparities in problem behaviors associated with the discrimination effect. Results In multivariate models, perceived discrimination was associated with greater problem behaviors among Black and Latino youth. Compared to Whites, Blacks were significantly more likely to report problem behaviors, whereas Latinos were significantly less likely (a “reverse disparity”). When Blacks’ and Latinos’ discrimination experiences were set to zero, the adjusted disparity between Blacks and Whites was reduced by an estimated one-third to two-thirds; the reverse adjusted disparity favoring Latinos widened by about one-fifth to one-half. Conclusions Results suggest that the elimination of discrimination could lead to considerable reductions in mental health issues, including problem behaviors, among Black and Latino youth.

Bogart, Laura M.; Elliott, Marc N.; Kanouse, David E.; Klein, David J.; Davies, Susan L.; Cuccaro, Paula M.; Banspach, Stephen W.; Peskin, Melissa F.; Schuster, Mark A.

2012-01-01

340

International note: Parenting, academic achievement and problem behaviour among Chinese adolescents.  

PubMed

In light of differing findings regarding the relations between parenting and adolescent academic/behavioural outcomes and the dearth of such research in a Chinese context, we conducted research to examine the relationship between parental supervision/attachment and academic achievement/problem behaviour among mainland Chinese adolescents. In the study, 636 Grade 11 students completed a questionnaire comprising parenting and problem behaviour variables complemented by academic achievement (GPA) data drawn from school records. The study found that the relations between parenting (parental supervision and attachment) and Chinese adolescents' academic and behavioural outcomes are very weak. PMID:24793385

Li, Haibin; Walker, Richard; Armstrong, Derrick

2014-06-01

341

Psychosocial adjustment and quality of life of adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease  

PubMed Central

The incidence of people living with congenital heart disease (CHD) has been increasing every year owing to remarkable advances in surgical and catheter intervention techniques and devices, and improved knowledge of critical care for patients with CHD. However, these patients continue to face physical, psychosocial, and environmental challenges, and a number of studies have shown higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders than the general population. To improve psychosocial functioning and quality of life for adults with CHD, health care providers are recommended to inform CHD patients of an accurate diagnosis, and overall treatment process, beginning in adolescence to facilitate a smooth transition from adolescence to adulthood. Active cooperation with psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, chaplains, and family members is highly recommended to help CHD patients feel normal and optimistic and to promote good social interactions, close family relationships, and a strong sense of coherence.

2014-01-01

342

Perceived family environment as a moderator of young adolescents' life stress adjustment.  

PubMed

A longitudinal design was employed to test the main and stress-moderating effects of young adolescents' perceived family environment (Family Environment Scales; FES; Moos & Moos, 1981) on their depression, anxiety, and self-esteem. This study was part of a larger longitudinal project (L. Cohen, Burt, & Bjorck, 1987) that demonstrated the significant cross-sectional effects of the young adolescents' controllable and uncontrollable negative events, and the significant longitudinal effects of the former. The present cross-sectional analyses demonstrated the hypothesized main effects of the FES scores; families perceived as cohesive, organized, and expressive were related to positive psychological functioning, whereas families perceived as conflict-ridden and controlling were related to negative functioning. However, in general these effects were nonsignificant in the longitudinal analyses. Although there were a number of significant Negative Events x FES interactions, in no instance did the pattern support the hypothesized stress-buffering role of positive family climate. PMID:3369377

Burt, C E; Cohen, L H; Bjorck, J P

1988-02-01

343

Adjustable gastric banding surgery in morbidly obese adolescents: experiences with eight patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Excessive obesity in children and adolescents is increasing in western countries all over the world. Treatment of those young subjects is extremely difficult. In cases who do not respond in any regard to conservative treatment regimens, it is worthwhile to also offer bariatric surgical procedures.METHODS: In eight young subjects with a mean age of 16.0±1.3 y, mean BMI 49.1±5.2

K Widhalm; S Dietrich; G Prager

2004-01-01

344

Self-Rated Mental Health, School Adjustment, and Substance Use in Hard-of-Hearing Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey, "Life and Health--Young People 2005," included all 15/16-year-old adolescents in mainstream schools in the county of Orebro, Sweden. Just students with a slight/mild or moderate hearing loss were included. There were 56 (1.9%) "hard-of-hearing (HH) students with multiple disabilities," 93 (3.1%) students who were "just HH," 282 (9.7%)…

Brunnberg, Elinor; Bostrom, Margareta Linden; Berglund, Mats

2008-01-01

345

Psychological profiles of sexually abusive adolescents in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study aimed to profile the psychological and psychosocial characteristics of a group of Irish adolescents who had sexually abused other youngsters.Method: Levels of behavior problems, personal adjustment, anger management, and psychosocial adjustment were compared in 27 Irish adolescents with a history of sexually abusing another youngster (SA group), 20 clinical controls who had significant behavioral problems but no

Maria O’Halloran; Alan Carr; Gary O’Reilly; Declan Sheerin; Joan Cherry; Rhonda Turner; Richard Beckett; Sarah Brown

2002-01-01

346

Parenting and Adolescent Problem Behavior: An Integrated Model with Adolescent Self-Disclosure and Perceived Parental Knowledge as Intervening Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental monitoring, assessed as (perceived) parental knowledge of the child's behavior, has been established as a consistent predictor of problem behavior. However, recent research indicates that parental knowledge has more to do with adolescents' self-disclosure than with parents' active monitoring. Although these findings may suggest that…

Soenens, Bart; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Luyckx, Koen; Goossens, Luc

2006-01-01

347

Behaviour problems in childhood and adolescence in psychotic offenders: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that adults who develop schizophrenia and commit a criminal offence may already have shown behaviour problems in childhood or adolescence. It is less clear whether such problems follow a particular pattern in such patients. AIMS: To examine the utility of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) among offenders, to test whether externalizing behaviour problems, as measured

Kris Goethals; Lisette Willigenburg; Jan Buitelaar; Hjalmar Van Marle

2008-01-01

348

Decision Stories: A Tool for Developing the Problem-Solving Skills of Learning-Disabled Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article briefly reviews problem-solving deficits in learning-disabled adolescents; describes decision stories; and explores how they can be used to make students more active, problem-solving learners. Three decision stories are presented to demonstrate their potential for helping students approach and/or solve academic and social problems.…

Unruh, David; Policastro, Margaret

1988-01-01

349

Addressing the Spectrum of Adolescent Weight-Related Problems: Engaging Parents and Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weight-related problems, including eating disorders, disordered eating, and obesity, are prevalent among adolescents. School and community-based educators and health care providers have an important role to play in the prevention of weight-related problems in youth. This article includes: 1) a brief overview of weight-related problems in…

Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2007-01-01

350

Mental Health, School Problems, and Social Networks: Modeling Urban Adolescent Substance Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested a mediation model of the relationship with school problems, social network quality, and substance use with a primary care sample of 301 urban adolescents. It was theorized that social network quality (level of risk or protection in network) would mediate the effects of school problems, accounting for internalizing problems and…

Mason, Michael J.

2010-01-01

351

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Adolescent Offenders with Mental Health Problems in Custody  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have identified high levels of mental health problems among adolescents in custody and there is increasing evidence that mental health problems in this population are associated with further offending and mental health problems into adulthood. Despite recent improvements in mental health provision within custodial settings there is…

Mitchell, Paul; Smedley, Kirsty; Kenning, Cassandra; McKee, Amy; Woods, Debbie; Rennie, Charlotte E.; Bell, Rachel V.; Aryamanesh, Mitra; Dolan, Mairead

2011-01-01

352

Conduct Symptoms and Emotion Recognition in Adolescent Boys with Externalization Problems  

PubMed Central

Background. In adults with antisocial personality disorder, marked alterations in the recognition of facial affect were described. Less consistent data are available on the emotion recognition in adolescents with externalization problems. The aim of the present study was to assess the relation between the recognition of emotions and conduct symptoms in adolescent boys with externalization problems. Methods. Adolescent boys with externalization problems referred to Vadaskert Child Psychiatry Hospital participated in the study after informed consent (N = 114, 11–17 years, mean = 13.4). The conduct problems scale of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (parent and self-report) was used. The performance in a facial emotion recognition test was assessed. Results. Conduct problems score (parent and self-report) was inversely correlated with the overall emotion recognition. In the self-report, conduct problems score was inversely correlated with the recognition of anger, fear, and sadness. Adolescents with high conduct problems scores were significantly worse in the recognition of fear, sadness, and overall recognition than adolescents with low conduct scores, irrespective of age and IQ. Conclusions. Our results suggest that impaired emotion recognition is dimensionally related to conduct problems and might have importance in the development of antisocial behavior.

Aspan, Nikoletta; Vida, Peter; Gadoros, Julia

2013-01-01

353

Personal values and involvement in problem behaviors among Bahamian early adolescents: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Few studies, particularly in developing countries, have explored the relationship between adolescents and parental values with adolescent problem behaviors. The objectives of the study are to (1) describe adolescents' personal values, their problem behaviors, and the relationships thereof according to gender and (2) examine the relationship between parental values, adolescent values, and adolescents' problem behaviors among sixth-grade students and one of their parents. Methods The data used in these analyses were from the baseline assessment of a school-based HIV risk reduction intervention being conducted and evaluated among sixth grade students and one of their parents across 9 elementary schools in The Bahamas. Personal values were measured by the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ). Seven reported problem behaviors were queried from the students, which included physical fight with a friend, drank alcohol, beer, or wine, smoked a cigarette, pushed or carried any drugs, carried a gun, knife, screwdriver or cutlass to use as a weapon, had sex and used marijuana or other illicit drugs over the past 6 months. Multilevel modeling for binary data was performed to estimate the associations between adolescent and parental values and adolescent problem behaviors. Results Among 785 students, 47% of the students reported at least one problem behavior. More boys (54%) reported having one or more problem behaviors than girls (41%, p < 0.01). Boys compared to girls expressed a higher level of self-enhancement (means score: 36.5 vs. 35.1; p = 0.03), while girls expressed a higher level of self-transcendence (42.3 vs. 40.7; p = 0.03). The results of multilevel modeling indicates that boys with a higher level of self-enhancement and girls with a higher level of openness to change and a lower level of conservation were more likely to report engagement in problem behaviors. Only two parental values (self-transcendence and conservation) were low or modestly correlated with youth' values (openness to change and self-enhancement). Parental-reported values documented limited association on adolescents' reported values and behaviors. Conclusion In designing interventions for reducing adolescents' problem behaviors, it may be important to understand the values associated with specific problem behaviors. Further exploration regarding lack of association between adolescent and parental values and problem behaviors is needed.

Liu, Hongjie; Yu, Shuli; Cottrell, Lesley; Lunn, Sonja; Deveaux, Lynette; Brathwaite, Nanika V; Marshall, Sharon; Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita

2007-01-01

354

Social Orientation: Problem Behavior and Motivations toward Interpersonal Problem Solving among High Risk Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined a model of problematic adolescent behavior that expands current theories of social skill deficits in delinquent behavior to consider social skills and orientation toward the use of adaptive skills. Results from a sample of 113 male and female adolescents suggest that the usefulness of social skills theories of adolescent behavior can be…

Kuperminc, Gabriel P.; Allen, Joseph P.

2001-01-01

355

Social Orientation: Problem Behavior and Motivations Toward Interpersonal Problem Solving Among High Risk Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of problematic adolescent behavior that expands current theories of social skill deficits in delinquent behavior to consider both social skills and orientation toward the use of adaptive skills was examined in an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 113 male and female adolescents. Adolescents were selected on the basis of moderate to serious risk for difficulties in social

Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Joseph P. Allen

2001-01-01

356

Social Orientation: Problem Behavior and Motivations Toward Interpersonal Problem Solving Among High Risk Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of problematic adolescent behavior that expands current theories of social skill deficits in delinquent behavior to consider both social skills and orientation toward the use of adaptive skills was examined in an ethnically and socioeco- nomically diverse sample of 113 male and female adolescents. Adolescents were selected on the basis of moderate to serious risk for difficulties in

Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Joseph P. Allen

2001-01-01

357

Problems faced and coping strategies used by adolescents with mentally ill parents in Delhi.  

PubMed

The present study was conducted to assess the problems faced by adolescents whose parents suffer from major mental illness at selected mental health institutes of Delhi. The objectives also included assessment of the coping strategies of the adolescents in dealing with these problems. The Stuart Stress Adaptation Model of Psychiatric Nursing Care was used as the conceptual framework. A descriptive survey approach with cross-sectional design was used in the study. A structured interview schedule was prepared. Purposive non-probability sampling technique was employed to interview 50 adolescents whose parents suffer from major mental illness. Data gathered was analysed and interpreted using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The study showed that majority of the adolescents had moderate problems as a result of their parent's mental illness. Area-wise analysis of the problems revealed that the highest problems faced were in family relationship and support and majority of the adolescents used maladaptive coping strategies. A set of guidelines on effective coping strategies was disseminated to these adolescents. PMID:23534178

George, Shoba; Shaiju, Bindu; Sharma, Veena

2012-01-01

358

Emotional reactivity and exposure to household stress in childhood predict psychological problems in adolescence.  

PubMed

In recent years, research has examined the role of heightened emotional reactivity and poor regulation on maladjustment during childhood and adolescence. Although much of this research has shown a direct link between high emotional reactivity and maladjustment, there is less research on the ways in which reactivity interacts with contextual factors. Using data from the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), the current study asks how emotional reactivity in childhood, household chaos, and household income impact changes in emotional and behavioral problems between childhood and adolescence. Participants in the SECCYD were followed from birth until adolescence. Of these, 958 youth (52 % male; 80 % Caucasian, 13 % African American, 2 % Asian, and 5 % Other) who completed measures at age 15 were included in the current study. Results indicate that emotional reactivity and low household income during childhood directly predict higher levels of emotional and behavioral problems in adolescence. In contrast, the impact of household chaos on adolescent mental health depends on the child's emotional reactivity. Specifically, the adverse impact of household chaos on emotional problems was observed among adolescents who were highly emotionally reactive as children, but not among their less reactive counterparts. Taken together, the relationship between an individual's childhood context and temperament are important aspects in the prediction of outcomes in adolescents. PMID:23625181

Shapero, Benjamin G; Steinberg, Laurence

2013-10-01

359

The Influence of Family Functioning and Parent-Adolescent Acculturation on North American Chinese Adolescent Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the associations between family functioning, acculturation between parents and their adolescents, and adolescent adjustment problems. Chinese adolescents and their parents (N=41) living in the United States and Canada participated in this study. Results showed that differences in acculturation between parents and…

Crane, D. Russell; Ngai, So Wa; Larson, Jeffry H.; Hafen, McArthur, Jr.

2005-01-01

360

Developmental trajectories of chinese children's relational and physical aggression: associations with social-psychological adjustment problems.  

PubMed

The purpose of this short-term longitudinal study was to examine Chinese children's trajectories of physical and relational aggression and their association with social-psychological adjustment problems (i.e., depressive symptoms and delinquency) and gender. Fourth and fifth grade children in Taiwan (n?=?739, age 9-11) were followed across 1 year. Results of Linear Mixed Models demonstrated that, on average, relational aggression increased in a linear fashion for fifth grade children and girls and physical aggression remained stable for boys and increased linearly for fifth grade girls. Further, increases in relational aggression were associated with time-dependent increases in depressive symptoms, and the effect size of this association seemed to be stronger than that of physical aggression. Findings are discussed in the context of Chinese culture. PMID:22477278

Kawabata, Yoshito; Tseng, Wan-Ling; Murray-Close, Dianna; Crick, Nicki R

2012-10-01

361

Romantic Relationships and Adjustment Problems in China: The Moderating Effect of Classroom Romantic Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theoretical and empirical research has shown that adolescent romantic relationships are associated with a wide range of developmental outcomes, including adverse consequences. The present study used a hierarchical linear model to examine the moderating effect of classroom romantic context on the association between adolescent romantic…

Hou, Jinqin; Natsuaki, Misaki N.; Zhang, Jianxin; Guo, Fei; Huang, Zheng; Wang, Mianbo; Chen, Zhiyan

2013-01-01

362

The Differential Effects of Forms and Settings of Exposure to Violence on Adolescents' Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the link between exposure to violence and psychosocial adjustment for 442 Chinese secondary school students in Form 1-3. The students completed an inventory assessing exposure to violence through witnessing and through direct victimization in different settings (community, school, and home). Multiple measures and informants…

Ho, Man Yee; Cheung, Fanny M.

2010-01-01

363

Parent-Child Shared Time from Middle Childhood to Late Adolescence: Developmental Course and Adjustment Correlates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and adjustment correlates of parent-child social (parent, child, and others present) and dyadic time (only parent and child present) from age 8 to 18 were examined. Mothers, fathers, and firstborns and secondborns from 188 White families participated in both home and nightly phone interviews. Social time declined across…

Lam, Chun Bun; McHale, Susan M.; Crouter, Ann C.

2012-01-01

364

Agreement between parents and adolescents on emotional and behavioral problems and its associated factors among Chinese school adolescents: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Most studies about informant agreements on adolescents’ emotional and behavioral problems have been conducted in Western countries, but this subject has not been well researched in China. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of parent–adolescent agreement on adolescentsproblems and its associated factors among school-age adolescents in China. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in November and December of 2010. A questionnaire including the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), the Youth Self-Report (YSR), the Family Environment Scale (FES) and the characteristics of the child (age and gender), parents (parent–adolescent relationship and parental expectations) and family (family structure, negative life events) was distributed to our study population. A total of 2,199 Chinese adolescents (aged 11–18) from 15 public schools in Liaoning Province, who completed the questionnaire, became our final participants. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to assess parent–adolescent agreement, and linear regression analysis was used to explore the associated factors of parent–adolescent discrepancies on emotional and behavioral problems. Results The parent–adolescent agreement on emotional and behavioral problems was high (mean r?=?0.6). The scores of YSR were higher than those of CBCL. Factors that increased informant discrepancies on emotional and behavioral problems were boys, older age, the experience of negative life events, low levels of cohesion and organization, and high levels of conflict in the family. Conclusions A high level of parent–adolescent agreement on emotional and behavioral problems was found. Adolescents reported more problems than their parents did. Family environment is an important factor to be considered when interpreting informant discrepancies on the mental health of Chinese adolescents.

2014-01-01

365

Growing up in a Dangerous Developmental Milieu: The Effects of Parenting Processes on Adjustment in Inner-City African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current longitudinal study examined the protective effects of parenting processes on measures of adolescent adjustment (health-compromising and violent behaviors) in a sample of high-risk, inner-city, poor African American youth N = 2,867). Parenting processes played an important role in this dangerous developmental milieu. For male…

Vazsonyi, Alexander T.; Pickering, Lloyd E.; Bolland, John M.

2006-01-01

366

Deviating From the Norm: Body Mass Index (BMI) Differences and Psychosocial Adjustment Among Early Adolescent Girls  

PubMed Central

Objective?To examine whether deviation from one’s ethnic group norm on body mass index (BMI) was related to psychosocial maladjustment among early adolescent girls, and whether specific ethnic groups were more vulnerable to maladjustment.?Methods?Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted on self- and peer-report measures from an ethnically diverse sample of sixth-grade girls (N = 2,636).?Results?African Americans and Latinas had a higher mean BMI than Asians and Whites. As deviation from their ethnic group BMI norm increased, girls reported greater social anxiety, depression, peer victimization, and lower self-worth, and had lower peer-reported social status. Associations were specific to girls deviating toward obesity status. Ethnic differences revealed that Asian girls deviating toward obesity status were particularly vulnerable to internalizing symptoms.?Conclusions?Emotional maladjustment may be more severe among overweight/obese girls whose ethnic group BMI norm is furthest away from overweight/obesity status. Implications for obesity work with ethnically diverse adolescents were discussed.

Echols, Leslie; Graham, Sandra

2013-01-01

367

Early Adolescent Sexual Initiation as a Problem Behavior: A Comparative Study of Five Nations  

PubMed Central

Purpose Using a Problem Behavior Theory (PBT) framework, this paper examines the extent to which psychosocial correlates of early sexual initiation (before age 16) vary across developed nations. Methods Fifteen-year-old participants (n=5,624) in the 1997-1998 WHO collaborative Health Behavior in School-Aged Children survey (Finland, Scotland, France and Poland) and the 1996 US Add Health survey self-reported substance use (alcohol and tobacco), school attachment, positive parental communication, and early sexual intercourse experience. Stratifying by gender, we performed univariate, bivariate, and multivariable analyses controlling for family socioeconomic status, family structure, and nation fixed effects. Results Self-reported early sexual experience, substance use, school attachment and positive communication with parents varied significantly across nations for both boys and girls. In both crude and adjusted analyses, substance use was positively associated with early sexual experience among boys and girls across nations, although associations were stronger in Europe than the US (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] range 1.56-3.74). School attachment was similarly inversely related to early sexual experience among boys and girls across nations (AOR range 0.63-0.94). However, positive parent communication was significantly inversely related to early sexual experience only among US females (AOR 0.50). Conclusions Findings overall supported the fit of early adolescent sexual initiation as a risk behavior within a PBT framework cross-nationally, suggesting that similar factors could be targeted to prevent early sexual initiation across some developed nations. However further research is warranted examining the temporality of these relationships.

Madkour, Aubrey Spriggs; Farhat, Tilda; Halpern, Carolyn Tucker; Godeau, Emmanuelle; Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic

2010-01-01

368

Trajectories of Adolescent Mother–Grandmother Psychological Conflict During Early Parenting and Children's Problem Behaviors at Age 7  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends the determinants of parenting model to adolescent mothers by examining how adolescent mother–grandmother psychological conflict and perceptions of infant fussiness from birth through age 2 years relate to children's problem behaviors at age 7. Participants were 181 adolescent mother, child, and grandmother triads living in multigenerational households and recruited at delivery. Psychological conflict was characterized by two

Stacy Buckingham-Howes; Sarah E. Oberlander; Kristen M. Hurley; Shannon Fitzmaurice; Maureen M. Black

2011-01-01

369

Trajectories of Adolescent Mother-Grandmother Psychological Conflict during Early Parenting and Children's Problem Behaviors at Age 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study extends the "determinants of parenting model" to adolescent mothers by examining how adolescent mother-grandmother psychological conflict and perceptions of infant fussiness from birth through age 2 years relate to children's problem behaviors at age 7. Participants were 181 adolescent mother, child, and grandmother triads living in…

Buckingham-Howes, Stacy; Oberlander, Sarah E.; Hurley, Kristen M.; Fitzmaurice, Shannon; Black, Maureen M.

2011-01-01

370

Pre\\/Early Adolescent Onset of Gambling and Psychosocial Problems in Treatment-Seeking Pathological Gamblers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between pre- or early-adolescent onset of gambling and severity of gambling and psychosocial problems in treatment-seeking adult pathological gamblers. A total of 236 pathological gamblers entering outpatient treatment completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) and the Addiction Severity Index (ASI). Using a quartile split procedure, gamblers who began gambling during their pre- or early-adolescent

Alesia N. Burge; Robert H. Pietrzak; Nancy M. Petry

2006-01-01

371

Treatment Adherence, Competence, and Outcome in Individual and Family Therapy for Adolescent Behavior Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of treatment adherence and therapist competence on treatment outcome in a controlled trial of individual cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) and multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) for adolescent substance use and related behavior problems. Participants included 136 adolescents (62 CBT, 74 MDFT) assessed at intake, discharge, and 6-month follow-up. Observational ratings of adherence and competence were collected on

Aaron Hogue; Craig E. Henderson; Sarah Dauber; Priscilla C. Barajas; Adam Fried; Howard A. Liddle

2008-01-01

372

Interpersonal and self-critical dysphoria and behavioral problems in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical evidence suggests that various problem behaviors in adolescence can be expressions of dysphoria that have not reached threshold for the diagnosis of depressive disorders. Formulations of two major types of dysphoria distinguish between disruptions of interpersonal relatedness (e.g., feelings of loss or abandonment) and diminished self-esteem (e.g., feelings of self-criticism, failure, or guilt). Adolescents in a suburban high school

Sidney J. Blatt; Beth Hart; Donald M. Quinlan; Bonnie Leadbeater; John Auerbach

1993-01-01

373

Depressive symptoms, conduct problems, and risk for polysubstance use among adolescents: Results from US national surveys  

PubMed Central

Polysubstance use in adolescence is a known precursor to chronic substance misuse. Identifying risk factors for polysubstance use is necessary to inform its prevention. The present study examined the association of elevated levels of multiple mental health symptoms with adolescents’ engagement in polysubstance use (past month use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana). In a US national sample of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students from Monitoring the Future surveys, we estimated probability of polysubstance use associated with high levels of depressive symptoms, conduct problems, or both. Depressive symptoms and conduct problems, alone and particularly in combination, were associated with drastically elevated probability of polysubstance use. Adolescents with high levels of both depressive symptoms and conduct problems had the highest probability of polysubstance use. Among 8th and 10th graders, probability of polysubstance use associated with co-occurring mental health problems was significantly higher for girls than boys.

Maslowsky, Julie; Schulenberg, John E.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Kloska, Deborah D.

2013-01-01

374

Associations Among Childhood Trauma, Adolescent Problem Behaviors, and Adverse Adult Outcomes in Substance-Abusing Women Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores relationships among exposure to childhood abuse and traumatic events, adolescent conduct problems and substance abuse, and adult psychological distress and criminal behaviors in a sample of substance-abusing women offenders (N = 440). Latent variable structural equation models revealed direct relationships between several childhood traumatic events and greater adolescent conduct problems and substance abuse. Conduct problems predicted more

Christine E. Grella; Judith A. Stein; Lisa Greenwell

2005-01-01

375

Prospective Associations of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems and Their Co-Occurrence with Early Adolescent Substance Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature is equivocal regarding the role of internalizing problems in the etiology of adolescent substance use. In this study, we examined the association of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems and their co-occurrence with early adolescent substance use to help clarify whether internalizing problems operate as a risk or…

Colder, Craig R.; Scalco, Matthew; Trucco, Elisa M.; Read, Jennifer P.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Wieczorek, William F.; Hawk, Larry W., Jr.

2013-01-01

376

Evaluation of a Multicomponent, Behaviorally Oriented, Problem-Based "Summer School" Program for Adolescents with Diabetes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines a two-week summer program using problem-based learning and behavior therapy to help adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes improve their ability to cope with obstacles to dietary management. Improvements were observed in self-efficacy, problem-solving skills, and self-reported coping strategies. No significant changes were observed…

Schlundt, David G.; Flannery, Mary Ellen; Davis, Dianne L.; Kinzer, Charles K.; Pichert, James W.

1999-01-01

377

Using Multiple Reporters of Problem Behavior to Predict Clinical Referral of Adolescents with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ratings of behavioral and emotional problems at the start of a school year were used to predict referral for mental health assistance. Participants were 63 11- to 16-year-old adolescents with learning disabilities who attended a residential school. Reports of problem behavior consisted of internalizing and externalizing behavior on the parent and teacher reports of the Child Behavior Checklist, ADHD behaviors

Douglas Symons; Catherine Greene; Sonya Syntons

1996-01-01

378

Childhood and adolescent antecedents of drug and alcohol problems: A longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the serious health and economic consequences of drug and alcohol abuse and dependence, few studies have prospectively examined the etiology of this problem in non-clinical populations. This longitudinal study examines childhood and adolescent antecedents of drug and alcohol problems in adulthood among an African American cohort (n=1242; 51% female) from Woodlawn, a neighborhood in Chicago. The participants were followed

Kate E. Fothergill; Margaret E. Ensminger

2006-01-01

379

Psychometric Properties of the PsychoSomatic Problems Scale: A Rasch Analysis on Adolescent Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PsychoSomatic Problems (PSP)-scale is built upon eight items intended to tap information about psychosomatic problems among schoolchildren and adolescents in general populations. The purpose of the study is to analyse the psychometric properties of the PSP-scale by means of the Rasch model, with a focus on the operating characteristics of the…

Hagquist, Curt

2008-01-01

380

Locus of Control and Problem-Solving Interaction in Families with Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the development and refinement of a classification system of family problem-solving interaction in families (N=38) with adolescents. Results indicate that family problem-solving interaction could be classified into one of four family locus of control: individualistic, collaborative, authoritarian, and external. Compares these four types…

Jory, Brian; Xia, Yan; Freeborn, Amy; Greer, Cassandra V.

1997-01-01

381

Detachment from Parents, Problem Behaviors, and the Moderating Role of Parental Support among Italian Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship of emotional detachment from parents, parental support, and problem behaviors and focused on the unique and common contribution that detachment and parental support made to internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems. A total of 461 young adolescents, 13 to 14 years old ("M" = 13.4;…

Pace, Ugo; Zappulla, Carla

2013-01-01

382

Explicit and Implicit Stigma towards Peers with Mental Health Problems in Childhood and Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children and adolescents with mental health problems are widely reported to have problems with peer relationships; however, few studies have explored the way in which these children are regarded by their peers. For example, little is known about the nature of peer stigmatisation, and no published research has investigated implicit…

O'Driscoll, Claire; Heary, Caroline; Hennessy, Eilis; McKeague, Lynn

2012-01-01

383

The effectiveness of self help technologies for emotional problems in adolescents: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a transition period that involves physiological, psychological, and social changes. Emotional problems such as symptoms of anxiety and depression may develop due to these changes. Although many of these problems may not meet diagnostic thresholds, they may develop into more severe disorders and may impact on functioning. However, there are barriers that may make it difficult for

Muna Ahmead; Peter Bower

2008-01-01

384

A Multivariate Model of Gender Differences in Adolescents' Internalizing and Externalizing Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested model of gender's moderating effects on behavior problems among early adolescents. Found that increasing girls' internalizing symptoms were partly explained by greater stability in girls' interpersonal vulnerabilities and greater magnitude in coefficients linking girls' relationships with parents and peers and internalizing problems. Boys'…

Leadbeater, Bonnie J.; Kuperminc, Gabriel P.; Blatt, Sidney J.; Hertzog, Christopher

1999-01-01

385

Emotion Knowledge, Social Competence, and Behavior Problems in Childhood and Adolescence: A Meta-Analytic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present meta-analytic review examined the magnitude of the relation between discrete emotion knowledge and three of its most commonly studied correlates in childhood and adolescence: social competence, internalizing problems, and externalizing problems. Emotion knowledge demonstrated small to medium-sized relations with each correlate.…

Trentacosta, Christopher J.; Fine, Sarah E.

2010-01-01

386

The Effects of General Strategy Instruction on Problem-Solving among Impulsive, Hearing Impaired Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixteen hearing-impaired adolescents received instruction in the graphics mode of the LOGO computing language. Eight of the students also received strategy training to enhance reflective problem solving and subsequently demonstrated fewer programing errors and improved problem-solving ability with LOGO, compared to controls. Highly impulsive…

Campbell, Donald S.

1989-01-01

387

Epidemiology of Attention Problems among Turkish Children and Adolescents: A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology of attention problems using parent, teacher, and youth informants among a nationally representative Turkish sample. Method: The children and adolescents, 4 to 18 years old, were selected from a random household survey. Attention problems derived from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (N = 4,488), Teacher…

Erol, Nese; Simsek, Zeynep; Oner, Ozgur; Munir, Kerim

2008-01-01

388

Feeding and Eating Disorders: Ingestive Problems of Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fourth edition of the "Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM) recognizes that feeding problems of infants and children are not typically the same as eating problems of adolescents, thus the addition of a broad diagnostic category, "Feeding and Eating Disorders of Infancy or Early Childhood." Subtypes are proposed for anorexia…

Kerwin, MaryLouise E.; Berkowitz, Robert I.

1996-01-01

389

Epidemiological Comparisons of Problems and Positive Qualities Reported by Adolescents in 24 Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors compared ratings of behavioral and emotional problems and positive qualities on the Youth Self-Report (T. M. Achenbach & L. A. Rescorla, 2001) by adolescents in general population samples from 24 countries (N = 27,206). For problem scales, country effect sizes (ESs) ranged from 3% to 9%, whereas those for gender and age…

Rescorla, Leslie; Achenbach, Thomas M.; Ivanova, Masha Y.; Dumenci, Levent; Almqvist, Fredrik; Bilenberg, Niels; Bird, Hector; Broberg, Anders; Dobrean, Anca; Dopfner, Manfred; Erol, Nese; Forns, Maria; Hannesdottir, Helga; Kanbayashi, Yasuko; Lambert, Michael C.; Leung, Patrick; Minaei, Asghar; Mulatu, Mesfin S.; Novik, Torunn S.; Oh, Kyung-Ja; Roussos, Alexandra; Sawyer, Michael; Simsek, Zeynep; Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph; Weintraub, Sheila; Metzke, Christa Winkler; Wolanczyk, Tomasz; Zilber, Nelly; Zukauskiene, Rita; Verhulst, Frank

2007-01-01

390

Adolescent Problems and Coping Strategies: Alternative School versus Non-alternative School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared the problems and coping strategies of 231 adolescents (mean age, 15 years) from rural mid-south alternative and non-alternative schools. Results indicated that, overall, alternative school students tend to respond to given problems by using more negative coping strategies than do non-alternative school students. (SLD)

Vaughn, Deborah D.; Slicker, Ellen K.; Van Hein, Judith

2000-01-01

391

The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on the Mathematical Problem Solving of Adolescents with Spina Bifida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of three adolescents with spina bifida. Conditions of the multiple-baseline across-individuals design included baseline, two levels of treatment, posttesting, and maintenance. Treatment 1 focused on one-step math problems, and Treatment 2…

Coughlin, Judy; Montague, Marjorie

2011-01-01

392

Where Is the Syndrome? Examining Co-Occurrence among Multiple Problem Behaviors in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined co-occurrence among a wide range of adolescent problem behaviors: alcohol, smoking, marijuana, hard drugs, sexual activity, major and minor delinquency, direct and indirect aggression, and gambling. Using a large self-report survey of high school students, confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the problem syndrome…

Willoughby, Teena; Chalmers, Heather; Busseri, Michael A.

2004-01-01

393

Problem Behaviors in Adolescence: The Opposite Role Played by Insecure Attachment and Commitment Strength  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we examined the relations between insecure attachment styles, commitment and behavioral problems, focusing on the unique and common contribution that avoidant and anxious styles and commitment made to internalizing and externalizing problems. 535 adolescents, 267 boys and 268 girls, aged from 16 to 18 years, completed self-report…

Pace, Ugo; Zappulla, Carla

2011-01-01

394

Measuring Impulsivity in Adolescents with Serious Substance and Conduct Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents with substance use and conduct disorders have high rates of aggression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), all of which have been characterized in part by impulsivity. Developing measures that capture impulsivity behaviorally and correlate with self-reported impulsivity has been difficult. One promising behavioral…

Thompson, Laetitia L.; Whitmore, Elizabeth A.; Raymond, Kristen M.; Crowley, Thomas J.

2006-01-01

395

Internalizing and Externalizing Personality Dimensions and Clinical Problems in Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ostensible psychiatric comorbidity can sometimes be explained by shared relations between diagnostic constructs and higher order internalizing and externalizing dimensions. However, this possibility has not been explored with regard to comorbidity between personality pathology and other clinical constructs in adolescents. In this study,…

Hopwood, Christopher J.; Grilo, Carlos M.

2010-01-01

396

Psychological Approaches to Problems of Children and Adolescents. [Volume III].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the third volume of special topics dealing with the behaviors of children and adolescents developed as a resource for school psychologists in Iowa. Each of the four chapters in this volume deals with a separate topic and typically includes background information concerning the topic, approaches regarding assessment of the behavior…

Grimes, Jeff, Ed.; Thomas, Alex, Ed.

397

Personality types in childhood: relations to latent trajectory classes of problem behavior and overreactive parenting across the transition into adolescence.  

PubMed

This study investigated relations among children's personality types, trajectories of internalizing and externalizing problems, and overreactive parenting across 6 years. Latent Class Analysis of the Big 5 personality dimensions (modeled as latent factors, based on mother, father and teacher reports) for 429 children (mean age 8 years at Time 1) replicated the Resilient, Under-, and Overcontroller types. Latent Class Growth Analysis of externalizing and internalizing problems (modeled as latent factors, based on mother and father reports), revealed that Undercontrollers were at greater risk of belonging to a high/decreasing externalizing problem class and a high/stable co-occurring problem class than were Resilients. Overcontrollers were more likely to be in a high/stable internalizing class and less likely to be in the externalizing problem class, but only at low levels of parental overreactivity. Undercontrollers appeared at double risk as they were at risk for high overreactive parenting, which was an independent risk-factor for the elevated problem trajectories. Because childhood personality types were a risk factor for adjustment problems that persisted into adolescence, Under- and Overcontrollers might be considered as a target for early intervention, with a focus on overreactive parenting for Undercontrollers specifically. PMID:23276273

Van den Akker, Alithe L; Dekovi?, Maja; Asscher, Jessica J; Shiner, Rebecca L; Prinzie, Peter

2013-04-01

398

Factorial structure of problem behaviors among urban and rural American adolescents.  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE: The present study was designed to examine the underlying factorial structure of various problem behaviors among diverse populations using data from multiple cohorts of community-based samples of low-income urban African-American and rural Caucasian children and adolescents over multiple years. In this study, we tested the model of a single underlying problem behavior factor against competing models with multiple (and second-order) problem behavior factors. METHOD: The current study employed five data sets, four of which were collected in four consecutive community-based risk assessment or risk-reduction studies among urban low-income African-American children and adolescents in an eastern city in the United States from 1992-1996. The fifth was collected among rural primarily Caucasian adolescents living in Appalachia in 2000. Exploratory factor analysis with oblique rotation was performed to generate the factors underlying various adolescent problem behaviors. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted based on the initial factors generated through the exploratory factor analysis to compare three competing models: single-factor model, multiple-factor model and one-factor second-order model. RESULTS: The data in the current study support the multiple-factor structure of adolescent problem behaviors. At the same time, the data also support the notion of a one-factor-second-order structure underlying various adolescent problem behaviors. The findings were robust across five data sets despite variations in: 1 samples (different cohorts with different demographics and different problem behavior profiles), 2) the types of problem behaviors examined, 3) the methods of data collection (e.g., computer assisted and paper and pencil), and 4) the number of problem behaviors and first-order factors involved. In addition, the results were also robust across gender and age groups. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the single-factor model, the alternative models (i.e., multifactor model and one-factor second-order model) better explained the relationships among various measures of adolescent problem behaviors. The findings in the current study will help us for a better understanding of adolescent risk behaviors and contribute to more effective assessment and prevention intervention efforts.

Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita; Yu, Shuli

2007-01-01

399

Are effective teachers like good parents? Teaching styles and student adjustment in early adolescence.  

PubMed

This study examined the utility of parent socialization models for understanding teachers' influence on student adjustment in middle school. Teachers were assessed with respect to their modeling of motivation and to Baumrind's parenting dimensions of control, maturity demands, democratic communication, and nurturance. Student adjustment was defined in terms of their social and academic goals and interest in class, classroom behavior, and academic performance. Based on information from 452 sixth graders from two suburban middle schools, results of multiple regressions indicated that the five teaching dimensions explained significant amounts of variance in student motivation, social behavior, and achievement. High expectations (maturity demands) was a consistent positive predictor of students' goals and interests, and negative feedback (lack of nurturance) was the most consistent negative predictor of academic performance and social behavior. The role of motivation in mediating relations between teaching dimensions and social behavior and academic achievement also was examined; evidence for mediation was not found. Relations of teaching dimensions to student outcomes were the same for African American and European American students, and for boys and girls. The implications of parent socialization models for understanding effective teaching are discussed. PMID:14717258

Wentzel, Kathryn R

2002-01-01

400

Effortful Control, Behavior Problems and Peer Relations: What Predicts Academic Adjustment in Kindergarteners from Low-income Families?  

PubMed Central

This study examined the role of effortful control, behavior problems, and peer relations in the academic adjustment of 74 kindergarten children from primarily low-income families using a short-term longitudinal design. Teachers completed standardized measures of children’s effortful control, internalizing and externalizing problems, school readiness, and academic skills. Children participated in a sociometric interview to assess peer relations. Research Findings: Correlational analyses indicate that children’s effortful control, behavior problems in school, and peer relations are associated with academic adjustment variables at the end of the school year, including school readiness, reading skills, and math skills. Results of regression analyses indicate that household income and children’s effortful control primarily account for variation in children’s academic adjustment. The associations between children’s effortful control and academic adjustment did not vary across sex of the child or ethnicity. Mediational analyses indicate an indirect effect of effortful control on school readiness, through children’s internalizing problems. Practice or Policy: Effortful control emerged as a strong predictor of academic adjustment among kindergarten children from low-income families. Strategies for enhancing effortful control and school readiness among low-income children are discussed.

Morris, Amanda Sheffield; John, Aesha; Halliburton, Amy L.; Morris, Michael D. S.; Robinson, Lara R.; Myers, Sonya S.; Aucoin, Katherine J.; Keyes, Angela W.; Terranova, Andrew

2013-01-01

401

The Relations of Temperament Reactivity and Effortful Control to Children's Adjustment Problems in China and the United States  

PubMed Central

The relations of parents’ and teachers’ reports of temperament anger-irritability, positive emotionality, and effortful control (attention focusing and inhibitory control) to children’s externalizing and internalizing problems were examined in Chinese (N = 382) and U.S. (N = 322) samples of school-age children. Results suggested that in both cultures, low effortful control and high anger–irritability were associated with high externalizing problems, although the relations were stronger in the Chinese sample than in the U.S. sample. Low positive emotionality was associated with high internalizing problems in both cultures. However, high positive emotionality was associated with noncomorbid externalizing problems (teachers’ reports) in the Chinese sample but not in the U.S. sample. These findings suggest that there are considerable cross-cultural similarities in the temperament-adjustment associations, although some cross-cultural differences might exist. Implications of the findings for the detection and intervention of adjustment problems in Chinese children are discussed.

Zhou, Qing; Lengua, Liliana J.; Wang, Yun

2014-01-01

402

Longitudinal Associations Between Alcohol Problems and Depressive Symptoms: Early Adolescence Through Early Adulthood  

PubMed Central

Background Alcohol use-related problems and depressive symptoms are clearly associated with each other, but results regarding the nature of this association have been inconsistent. In addition, the possible moderating effects of age and gender have not been comprehensively examined. The goals of this study were to clarify (1) how depressive symptoms affect the levels and trajectory of alcohol use-related problems, (2) how alcohol use-related problems affect the levels and trajectory of depressive symptoms, and (3) whether there are differences in these associations at different points in development or between males and females. Methods Participants for this study were drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (AddHealth) data set, a community-based sample of 20,728 adolescents followed from adolescence through early adulthood. Multilevel models were used to assess how each problem affected the level and rate of change in the other problem over time; gender was considered as a possible moderator of these associations. Results The results indicated that alcohol use-related problems and depressive symptoms had reciprocal, positive effects on each other during the period from early adolescence through early adulthood; however, these effects differed somewhat by gender and age. High levels of depressive symptoms were associated with higher initial levels of alcohol problems (particularly among females), as well as faster increases in alcohol problems over time among males. High levels of alcohol problems were associated with higher initial levels of depressive symptoms (particularly among females), as well as less curvature in the slope of depressive symptoms so that although there was a large difference between people with high and low depressive symptoms in early adolescence, by early adulthood the difference was smaller (particularly among females). Conclusions These results highlight the importance of examining gender and age in studies on the associations between affective disorders and substance use disorders.

Marmorstein, Naomi R.

2008-01-01

403

Contingency Management in the Treatment of Adolescent Alcohol Drinking Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three case studies demonstrated that social and monetary reinforcement for abstinence reduced the rate of excessive alcohol drinking in adolescents. The self-monitoring and extrinsic reinforcement procedures (ABA reversal design) resulted in complete abstinence in a 15-year-old boy with a 10-year history of excessive alcohol abuse and hospitalization for an alcohol-induced psychosis. In the cases of the 13-year-old and 15-year-old girls

Steven L. Brigham; George A. Rekers; Alexander C. Rosen; Judson J. Swihart; Gene Pfrimmer; Larry N. Ferguson

1981-01-01

404

Early adolescent growth in depression and conduct problem symptoms as predictors of later substance use impairment.  

PubMed

Most studies of adolescent substance use and psychological comorbidity have examined the contributions of conduct problems and depressive symptoms measured only at particular points-in-time. Yet, during adolescence, risk factors such as conduct problems and depression exist within a developmental context, and vary over time. Though internalizing and comorbid pathways to substance use have been theorized (Hussong et al. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 25:390-404, 2011), the degree to which developmental increases in depressive symptoms and conduct problems elevate risk for substance use impairment among adolescents, in either an additive or potentially a synergistic fashion, is unclear. Using a school-based sample of 521 adolescents, we tested additive and synergistic influences of changes in depressive symptoms and conduct problems from 6th to 9th grade using parallel process growth curve modeling with latent interactions in the prediction of late adolescent (12th grade) substance use impairment, while examining gender as a moderator. We found that the interaction between growth in depression and conduct disorder symptoms uniquely predicted later substance use problems, in addition to main effects of each, across boys and girls. Results indicated that adolescents whose parents reported increases in both depression and conduct disorder symptoms from 6th to 9th grade reported the most substance use-related impairment in 12th grade. The current study demonstrates that patterns of depression and conduct problems (e.g., growth vs. decreasing) are likely more important than the static levels at any particular point-in-time in relation to substance use risk. PMID:23624771

McCarty, Carolyn A; Wymbs, Brian T; Mason, W Alex; King, Kevin M; McCauley, Elizabeth; Baer, John; Vander Stoep, Ann

2013-10-01

405

Breadth of Extracurricular Participation and Adolescent Adjustment Among African-American and European-American Youth  

PubMed Central

We examined the linear and nonlinear relations between breadth of extracurricular participation in 11th grade and developmental outcomes at 11th grade and 1 year after high school in an economically diverse sample of African-American and European-American youth. In general, controlling for demographic factors, children's motivation, and the dependent variable measured 3 years earlier, breadth was positively associated with indicators of academic adjustment at 11th grade and at 1 year after high school. In addition, for the three academic outcomes (i.e., grades, educational expectations, and educational status) the nonlinear function was significant; at high levels of involvement the well-being of youth leveled off or declined slightly. In addition, breadth of participation at 11th grade predicted lower internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior, alcohol use, and marijuana use at 11th grade. Finally, the total number of extracurricular activities at 11th grade was associated with civic engagement 2 years later.

Fredricks, Jennifer A.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2012-01-01

406

Impact of urine concentration adjustment method on associations between urine metals and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in adolescents.  

PubMed

Positive associations between urine toxicant levels and measures of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) have been reported recently in a range of populations. The explanation for these associations, in a direction opposite that of traditional nephrotoxicity, is uncertain. Variation in associations by urine concentration adjustment approach has also been observed. Associations of urine cadmium, thallium and uranium in models of serum creatinine- and cystatin-C-based estimated GFR (eGFR) were examined using multiple linear regression in a cross-sectional study of adolescents residing near a lead smelter complex. Urine concentration adjustment approaches compared included urine creatinine, urine osmolality and no adjustment. Median age, blood lead and urine cadmium, thallium and uranium were 13.9 years, 4.0?g/dL, 0.22, 0.27 and 0.04g/g creatinine, respectively, in 512 adolescents. Urine cadmium and thallium were positively associated with serum creatinine-based eGFR only when urine creatinine was used to adjust for urine concentration (? coefficient=3.1mL/min/1.73m(2); 95% confidence interval=1.4, 4.8 per each doubling of urine cadmium). Weaker positive associations, also only with urine creatinine adjustment, were observed between these metals and serum cystatin-C-based eGFR and between urine uranium and serum creatinine-based eGFR. Additional research using non-creatinine-based methods of adjustment for urine concentration is necessary. PMID:24815335

Weaver, Virginia M; Vargas, Gonzalo García; Silbergeld, Ellen K; Rothenberg, Stephen J; Fadrowski, Jeffrey J; Rubio-Andrade, Marisela; Parsons, Patrick J; Steuerwald, Amy J; Navas-Acien, Ana; Guallar, Eliseo

2014-07-01

407

The associations between self-consciousness and internalizing/externalizing problems among Chinese adolescents.  

PubMed

Self-consciousness is considered as a multifaceted and hierarchical construct that includes self-evaluation, self-experience, and self-control. This study assumes that self-consciousness is a preventative factor of internalizing and externalizing problems among Chinese adolescents. 1202 Chinese adolescents from grade 7 to grade 12 participated in this study by completing a battery of questionnaires that assessed self-consciousness and internalizing/externalizing problems. The results showed that, after controlling demographic variables, some lower-order factors (i.e., sense of satisfaction, sense of anxiety, social self, self-restraint, self-esteem, and self-monitoring) and higher-order subscales (i.e., self-evaluation and self-experience) of self-consciousness significantly predicted internalizing problems, while externalizing problems were predicted by several lower-order factors (i.e., self-restraint, sense of satisfaction, and self-monitoring) and higher-order subscales (i.e., self-control and self-experience). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that Chinese adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems are related with different aspects of self-consciousness, which sheds light on the prevention into adolescents' problem behaviors. PMID:24931553

Nie, Yan-Gang; Li, Jian-Bin; Dou, Kai; Situ, Qiao-Min

2014-07-01

408

Preventing co-occurring depression symptoms in adolescents with conduct problems: the Penn Resiliency Program.  

PubMed

Children who exhibit elevated levels of conduct problems are at increased risk for developing co-occurring depression symptoms, especially during adolescence. This study tests the effectiveness of a manualized after school intervention (the Penn Resiliency Program [PRP]) for the prevention of depression symptoms among a subset of middle-school-aged students who exhibited elevated levels of conduct problems, but not depression symptoms, at the start of the study. Longitudinal analyses demonstrate that the program successfully prevented elevations in depression symptoms across early- to mid-adolescence compared to no-intervention controls. PMID:17347362

Cutuli, J J; Chaplin, Tara M; Gillham, Jane E; Reivich, Karen J; Seligman, Martin E P

2006-12-01

409

Brief Strategic Family Therapy: Engaging Drug Using/Problem Behavior Adolescents and their Families into Treatment  

PubMed Central

Despite the efficacy of family-based interventions for improving outcomes for adolescent behavior problems such as substance use, engaging and retaining whole families in treatment is one of the greatest challenges therapists confront. This article illustrates how the Brief Strategic Family Therapy® (BSFT®) model, a family-based, empirically validated intervention designed to treat children and adolescentsproblem behaviors, can be used to increase engagement, improve retention, and bring about positive outcomes for families. Research evidence for efficacy and effectiveness is also presented.

Szapocznik, Jose; Zarate, Monica; Duff, Johnathan; Muir, Joan

2013-01-01

410

The Structure of Problem and Positive Behavior Among American Indian Adolescents: Gender and Community Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Problem-Behavior Theory as a framework, the latent structure of problem and positive behaviors was examined within a sample of 1,894 American Indian adolescents. Support was found for a two-factor second-order structure in which problem behaviors (antisocial behavior, alcohol use, drug use, and risky sexual behavior) and positive behaviors (school success, cultural activities, competencies, and community-mindedness) represented two relatively uncorrelated

Christina M. Mitchell; Janette Beals

1997-01-01

411

Problem Behaviors in Adolescence: The Opposite Role Played by Insecure Attachment and Commitment Strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we examined the relations between insecure attachment styles, commitment and behavioral problems, focusing on\\u000a the unique and common contribution that avoidant and anxious styles and commitment made to internalizing and externalizing\\u000a problems. 535 adolescents, 267 boys and 268 girls, aged from 16 to 18 years, completed self-report measures of attachment,\\u000a identity and problem behaviors. The data showed that

Ugo Pace; Carla Zappulla

412

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for the treatment of adolescent morbid obesity in the United States: a safe alternative to gastric bypass  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundMorbid obesity (MO) has reached epidemic proportions and is a major health problem in developed nations. In the adolescent with MO, early intervention can minimize obesity-related comorbidities, avoid premature mortality, improve quality of life, and prevent obesity-related diseases as these patients mature into adulthood. The primary surgical treatment of adolescent patients meeting National Institutes of Health criteria for bariatric surgery

Santiago Horgan; Mark J. Holterman; Garth R. Jacobsen; Allen F. Browne; Robert A. Berger; Federico Moser; Ai-Xuan L. Holterman

2005-01-01

413

Why and When is Ethnic Harassment a Risk for Immigrant Adolescents' School Adjustment? Understanding the Processes and Conditions.  

PubMed

Ethnically harassed immigrant youth are at risk for experiencing a wide range of school adjustment problems. However, it is still unclear why and under what conditions experiencing ethnic harassment leads to school adjustment difficulties. To address this limitation in the literature, we examined two important questions. First, we investigated whether self-esteem and/or depressive symptoms would mediate the associations between ethnic harassment and poor school adjustment among immigrant youth. Second, we examined whether immigrant youths' perception of school context would play a buffering role in the pathways between ethnic harassment and school adjustment difficulties. The sample (n = 330; M age  = 14.07, SD = .90; 49 % girls at T1) was drawn from a longitudinal study in Sweden. The results revealed that experiencing ethnic harassment led to a decrease in immigrant youths' self-esteem over time, and that youths' expectations of academic failure increased. Further, youths' relationships with their teachers and their perceptions of school democracy moderated the mediation processes. Specifically, when youth had poor relationships with their teachers or perceived their school context as less democratic, being exposed to ethnic harassment led to a decrease in their self-esteem. In turn, they reported low school satisfaction and perceived themselves as being unsuccessful in school. Such indirect effects were not observed when youth had high positive relationships with their teachers or perceived their school as offering a democratic environment. These findings highlight the importance of understanding underlying processes and conditions in the examination of the effects of ethnic devaluation experiences in order to reach a more comprehensive understanding of immigrant youths' school adjustment. PMID:24132501

Bayram Özdemir, Sevgi; Stattin, Håkan

2014-08-01

414

Peer Victimization, Aggression, and Their Co-Occurrence in Middle School: Pathways to Adjustment Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnically diverse sample of 6th-grade students completed peer nomination procedures that were used to create subgroups of students with reputations as victims, aggressors, aggressive victims, and socially adjusted (neither aggressive nor victimized). Self-report data on psychological adjustment, attributions for peer harassment, and perceived…

Graham, Sandra; Bellmore, Amy D.; Mize, Jennifer

2006-01-01

415

Adolescent Cannabis Problems and Young Adult Depression: Male-Female Stratified Propensity Score Analyses  

PubMed Central

Cannabis use and depression are two of the most prevalent conditions worldwide. Adolescent cannabis use is linked to depression in many studies, but the effects of adolescent cannabis involvement on young adult depression remain unclear and may differ for males versus females. In this cohort study of youth from a mid-Atlantic metropolitan area of the United States, repeated assessments from 1985 (at age 6 years) through 2002 (at age 21 years) were made for 1,494 individuals (55% female). Measured covariate differences between individuals with and without cannabis problems were controlled via propensity score techniques. The estimated risk of young adult depression for adolescents with cannabis problems was not significantly different from that for comparison adolescents for either females (odds ratio = 0.7, 95% confidence interval: 0.2, 2.3) or males (odds ratio = 1.7, 95% confidence interval: 0.8, 3.6). The evidence does not support a causal association linking adolescent-onset cannabis problems with young adult depression.

Stuart, Elizabeth A.; Anthony, James C.

2008-01-01

416

The Adjusting-Paced Serial Addition Test (Adjusting-PSAT): thresholds for speed of information processing as a function of stimulus modality and problem complexity.  

PubMed

A modified computer version of the PASAT (Adjusting-PSAT; ) is described that measures speed of information processing and working memory by means of a temporal threshold rather than number of correct responses. This is accomplished by making the duration of the interval between numbers depend on the correctness of responding-a correct response decreases the interval between digits and an incorrect response increases the interval. Modality of presentation (visual and auditory) was factorially combined with problem difficulty (answers between 2-10 or 2-18). Performance of 60 healthy student volunteers on the Adjusting-PSAT was compared to that obtained on several traditional neuropsychological measures (Digit Span, Trail Making Test, and Symbol Digit Modality Test) and on a test of basic addition skills. The visual version of the test produced a lower threshold than did the auditory version, but problem difficulty did not produce a significant effect. Of the neuropsychological tests, Trails-B (TMT-B) was most highly correlated with thresholds. However, regression analyses revealed that math ability accounted for more variance than did TMT-B. The clinical implications of these finding are discussed. PMID:14670386

Royan, J; Tombaugh, T N; Rees, L; Francis, M

2004-01-01

417

Childhood Family Instability and Mental Health Problems during Late Adolescence: A Test of Two Mediation Models--The TRAILS Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested whether childhood family instability is associated with mental health problems during adolescence through continued family instability and/or through a preadolescent onset of mental health problems. This test use data from a prospective population cohort of 2,230 Dutch adolescents ("M" age = 11.09, "SD" = 0.56 at the initial…

Bakker, Martin P.; Ormel, Johan; Verhulst, Frank C.; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.

2012-01-01

418

Internet use and video gaming predict problem behavior in early adolescence.  

PubMed

In early adolescence, the time spent using the Internet and video games is higher than in any other present-day age group. Due to age-inappropriate web and gaming content, the impact of new media use on teenagers is a matter of public and scientific concern. Based on current theories on inappropriate media use, a study was conducted that comprised 205 adolescents aged 10-14 years (Md = 13). Individuals were identified who showed clinically relevant problem behavior according to the problem scales of the Youth Self Report (YSR). Online gaming, communicational Internet use, and playing first-person shooters were predictive of externalizing behavior problems (aggression, delinquency). Playing online role-playing games was predictive of internalizing problem behavior (including withdrawal and anxiety). Parent-child communication about Internet activities was negatively related to problem behavior. PMID:20303580

Holtz, Peter; Appel, Markus

2011-02-01

419

Contingency management in the treatment of adolescent alcohol drinking problems.  

PubMed

Three case studies demonstrated that social and monetary reinforcement for abstinence reduced the rate of excessive alcohol drinking in adolescents. The self-monitoring and extrinsic reinforcement procedures (ABA reversal design) resulted in complete abstinence in a 15-year-old boy with a 10-year history of excessive alcohol abuse and hospitalization for an alcohol-induced psychosis. In the cases of the 13-year-old and 15-year-old girls with extensive alcohol abuse histories, the behavioral interventions decreased the rate of alcohol consumption during treatment phases, but alcohol abuse increased markedly with the removal of the intervention procedures. PMID:7288676

Brigham, S L; Rekers, G A; Rosen, A C; Swihart, J J; Pfrimmer, G; Ferguson, L N

1981-09-01

420

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Hypnotic Relaxation to Treat Sleep Problems in an Adolescent With Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Inadequate sleep among adolescents frequently contributes to obesity and reduced academic performance, along with symptoms of anxiety, depression, fatigue, and attention deficits. The etiological bases of sleep quality has been associated with both stress and sleep habits. These problems tend to be especially important for adolescents with diabetes as the effects of poor sleep complicate health outcomes. This case example concerns a 14-year-old adolescent girl with a history of type I diabetes and stress-related sleep difficulties. Treatment included cognitive–behavioral methods and hypnotic relaxation therapy. Results of this case example and other controlled research suggest that hypnotic relaxation therapy is well accepted, results in good compliance, and serves as a useful adjunctive to cognitive–behavioral intervention for sleep problems.

Perfect, Michelle M.; Elkins, Gary R.

2014-01-01

421

Children's Adjustment Problems in Families Characterized by Men's Severe Violence toward Women: Does Other Family Violence Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined whether additional forms of family violence (partner-child aggression, mother-child aggression, and women's intimate partner violence [IPV]) contribute to children's adjustment problems in families characterized by men's severe violence toward women. Methods: Participants were 258 children and their mothers…

McDonald, Renee; Jouriles, Ernest N.; Tart, Candyce D.; Minze, Laura C.

2009-01-01

422

Longitudinal associations between depressive problems, academic performance, and social functioning in adolescent boys and girls.  

PubMed

Depressive problems and academic performance, social well-being, and social problems in adolescents are strongly associated. However, longitudinal and bidirectional relations between the two remain unclear, as well as the role of gender. Consequently, this study focuses on the relation between depressive problems and three types of functioning in adolescents while testing gender differences. Depressive problems and functioning of 2,230 children were measured with structured questionnaires. The measurements took place biennially over 3 waves, from late childhood into adolescence (age range = 10-18 years). To examine the longitudinal relation between depression and functioning, path analyses with cross-lagged effects were conducted with structural equation modeling. Multigroup analyses were used to test for gender differences, which were only observed for academic performance. Other findings indicated substantial stability in depressive problems and functioning over time and within-wave correlations between depression and the 3 types of functioning. Poor social well-being was predicted by depressive problems but not the other way around. The relation between depressive and social problems was bidirectional, that is, they predicted each other. Finally, depressive problems and academic performance were bidirectionally related as well but only in girls. PMID:23566082

Verboom, Charlotte E; Sijtsema, Jelle J; Verhulst, Frank C; Penninx, Brenda W J H; Ormel, Johan

2014-01-01

423

Psychological Adjustment in Bullies and Victims of School Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined psychosocial adjustment in the following four groups of students: victims, bullies, bully/victims and a control group of adolescents not involved in bullying or victimization problems. Psychosocial adjustment was measured considering as indicators: level of self-esteem, depressive symptomatology, perceived stress,…

Estevez, Estefania; Murgui, Sergio; Musitu, Gonzalo

2009-01-01

424

The Trajectories of Adolescents' Perceptions of School Climate, Deviant Peer Affiliation, and Behavioral Problems During the Middle School Years  

PubMed Central

This longitudinal study examined trajectories of change in adolescents’ perceptions of four dimensions of school climate (academic support, behavior management, teacher social support, peer social support) and the effects of such trajectories on adolescent problem behaviors. We also tested whether school climate moderated the associations between deviant peer affiliation and adolescent problem behaviors. The 1,030 participating adolescents from 8 schools were followed from 6th through 8th grades (54% female; 76% European American). Findings indicated that all the dimensions of school climate declined and behavioral problems and deviant peer affiliation increased. Declines in each of the dimensions were associated with increases in behavioral problems. The prediction of problem behavior from peer affiliation was moderated by adolescents’ perceptions of school climate.

Wang, Ming-Te; Dishion, Thomas J.

2012-01-01

425

Problem Behaviours, Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying among Adolescents: Longitudinal Analyses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem Behaviour Theory suggests that young people's problem behaviours tend to cluster. This study examined the relationship between traditional bullying, cyberbullying and engagement in problem behaviours using longitudinal data from approximately 1500 students. Levels of traditional victimisation and perpetration at the beginning of secondary…

Lester, Leanne; Cross, Donna; Shaw, Therese

2012-01-01

426

Conceptualization of Fractions and Categorization of Problems for Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

165 students, from the fifth, seventh and ninth grades were asked to solve written problems involving fractions. In the problems a reference quantity (RQ) was multiplied by a fraction (FR), yielding the value of a compared quantity (CQ). The fraction expressed either an part-whole ratio (PW), or a part-part ratio (PP). Six type of problems were…

Charron, Camilo

2002-01-01

427

Influences of parental problem drinking on internet addiction among early adolescents: a multiple-mediation analysis.  

PubMed

This study was designed to describe the relationship between Internet addiction and parental problem drinking among early adolescents. Specific aims were to identify indirect, direct, and total influence of parental problem drinking on Internet addiction; to determine relative magnitudes of specific mediating effects of self-esteem, family function, anxiety-depression, and aggression in the total sample and the Internet addiction subgroup. The target population for this correlational study was early adolescents aged 11-12 years (n = 743) who attended elementary school in J City, South Korea. Study variables included the Internet addiction self-test scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test, the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale III, and the Korean version of the Child Behavior Checklist. Multiple-mediation analyses were performed. A significant association was observed between parental problem drinking and adolescents' Internet addiction. Only aggression significantly mediated the relationship between parental problem drinking and adolescents' Internet addiction in the total sample. When the Internet addiction group was analyzed separately as a subgroup, the mediation effect of aggression disappeared, and parental problem drinking had neither indirect nor direct association. However, the significant association of aggression with Internet addiction in the Internet addiction subgroup was two times as much as in the total sample. The findings suggested that parental problem drinking and aggression should be examined early to prevent development of Internet addiction in early adolescents. For those who already have developed Internet addiction, aggression should be the focal point for more effective intervention strategies. PMID:24622496

Jang, Mi Heui; Kim, Mi Ja; Choi, Heeseung

2012-12-01

428

Peer Victimization, Aggression, and Their Co-Occurrence in Middle School: Pathways to Adjustment Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ethnically diverse sample of 6th-grade students completed peer nomination procedures that were used to create subgroups of students with reputations as victims, aggressors, aggressive victims, and socially adjusted (neither aggressive nor victimized). Self-report data on psychological adjustment, attributions for peer harassment, and perceived school climate were gathered. In addition, homeroom teachers rated participating students on academic engagement and students’

Sandra Graham; Amy D. Bellmore; Jennifer Mize

2006-01-01

429

Psychiatric Problems and Trauma Exposure in Non-detained Delinquent and Non-delinquent Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examined the prevalence of and associations between specific psychiatric disorders, substance use problems, and trauma exposure in a sample of delinquent and non-delinquent adolescents. Method A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 3,614; mean age = 14.5 years, SD = 1.7; 51% male; 71% White, non-Hispanic, 13.3% African American, non-Hispanic, 10.7% Hispanic) was interviewed via telephone about engagement in delinquent acts and their experience of posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, substance use, interpersonal violence, and other forms of trauma exposure. Results Delinquent adolescents were more likely than non-delinquent adolescents to experience trauma; they were also more likely to report past-year posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episode, alcohol abuse, and non-experimental drug use. After accounting for the effects of demographics and trauma exposure, delinquency was associated with increased likelihood of posttraumatic stress disorder and problematic substance use in both genders and increased likelihood of major depressive episode in girls. Conclusions Findings highlight substantial overlap among delinquency, trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder, and major depressive episode in adolescents and the need for interventions that address these varied clinical problems. Future work should examine the factors underlying the development of these relations over time.

Adams, Zachary W.; McCart, Michael R.; Zajac, Kristyn; Danielson, Carla Kmett; Sawyer, Genelle K.; Saunders, Benjamin E.; Kilpatrick, Dean G.

2014-01-01

430

An Exploration of Counselor Experiences of Adolescents with Sexual Behavior Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This grounded theory study of 18 American and Australian counselors explores the impact of working with adolescents with sexual behavior problems. Findings are reported reflecting the counselors' own histories of abuse, their feelings regarding sexual information, their sexual and emotional responses to clients, and the importance of self-care and…

Chassman, Linda; Kottler, Jeffrey; Madison, Jeanne

2010-01-01

431

Family Functioning and Adolescent Behavior Problems: An Analysis of the National Survey of Families and Households.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used data from the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH) to explore the relationship between family functioning and adolescent behavior problems. The data covered five family types: married, two-biological parent families (TP); stepfamilies; divorced/separated female-headed families (DSF); never married female-headed…

Brown, Brett V.

432

Self-Concept and Identified Problem Differences Between Pre- and Postmenarcheal Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in the number and types of problems as well as in self-reported self-concept between 232 black and white pre- and postmenarcheal adolescents were examined in this study. The study also examined differences in these variables across four developmental levels of menarcheal status: initial, intermediate, middle, and established. These…

Garwood, S. Gray

433

The Ethnic Context of Child and Adolescent Problem Behavior: Implications for Child and Family Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article links the empirical literature on race and ethnicity in developmental psychopathology with interventions designed to reduce adolescent problem behavior. We present a conceptual framework in which culture is endogenous to the socialization of youth and the development of specific self-regulatory strategies. The importance of cultural…

Yasui, Miwa; Dishion, Thomas J.

2007-01-01

434

M-Rated Video Games and Aggressive or Problem Behavior among Young Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined the potential relationship between adolescent problem behaviors and amount of time spent with violent electronic games. Survey data were collected from 1,254 7th and 8th grade students in two states. A "dose" of exposure to Mature-rated games was calculated using Entertainment Software Rating Board ratings of titles children…

Olson, Cheryl K.; Kutner, Lawrence A.; Baer, Lee; Beresin, Eugene V.; Warner, Dorothy E.; Nicholi, Armand M., II

2009-01-01

435

Longitudinal Modeling of Adolescents' Activity Involvement, Problem Peer Associations, and Youth Smoking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal associations among different types of organized activity involvement, problem peer associations, and cigarette smoking were examined in a sample of 1040 adolescents (mean age = 15.62 at baseline, 16.89 at 15-month assessment, 17.59 at 24 months) enriched for smoking experimentation (83% had tried smoking). A structural equation model…

Metzger, Aaron; Dawes, Nickki; Mermelstein, Robin; Wakschlag, Lauren

2011-01-01

436

Persistence of Literacy Problems: Spelling in Adolescence and at Mid-Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Developmental reading problems show strong persistence across the school years; less is known about poor readers' later progress in literacy skills. Method: Poor (n = 42) and normally developing readers (n = 86) tested in adolescence (ages 14/15 years) in the Isle of Wight epidemiological studies were re-contacted at mid-life (ages…

Maughan, Barbara; Messer, J.; Collishaw, S.; Pickles, A.; Snowling, M.; Yule, W.; Rutter, M.

2009-01-01

437

Demographics, Behavior Problems, and Psychosexual Characteristics of Adolescents with Gender Identity Disorder or Transvestic Fetishism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provided a descriptive and quantitative comparative analysis of data from an assessment protocol for adolescents referred clinically for either gender identity disorder (GID) (n = 192, 105 males, 87 females) or transvestic fetishism (TF; n = 137, all males). The protocol included information on demographics, behavior problems, and psychosexual measures. Both the GID and TF youth had high

Kenneth J. Zucker; Susan J. Bradley; Allison Owen-Anderson; Sarah J. Kibblewhite; Hayley Wood; Devita Singh; Kathryn Choi

2012-01-01

438

Informal Helpers' Responses when Adolescents Tell Them about Dating Violence or Romantic Relationship Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the responses of informal helpers to adolescents who disclose dating violence or upsetting but non-violent experiences in their romantic relationships. Based on a survey of 224 Midwestern high school students, the study found that youths were more likely to disclose problems to friends rather than others. A factor analysis of…

Weisz, Arlene N.; Tolman, Richard M.; Callahan, Michelle R.; Saunders, Daniel G.; Black, Beverly M.

2007-01-01

439

Developmental Trajectories of Disruptive Behavior Problems in Preschool Children of Adolescent Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed individual developmental trajectories of disruptive behavior problems (DBP) between 3.5 and 6.0 years for children of adolescent mothers. Found that DBP decreased with age. Boys and children of more depressed/anxious mothers exhibited higher levels of DBP. Maternal negative control was associated with level of DBP and change rate, and…

Spieker, Susan J.; Larson, Nancy C.; Lewis, Steven M.; Keller, Thomas E.; Gilchrist, Lewayne

1999-01-01

440

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Problems and Substance Use Presentations to an Emergency Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics and referral pattern of children and adolescents with mental health problems, substance misuse and comorbidity presenting to the emergency department (ED) of a large public hospital.Method: A file audit of the ED information system was conducted over a 12 month period. Outcome measures included age, gender, diagnostic presentation, assessment,

Lisa Bell; Robyn Stargatt; Peter Bosanac; David Castle; George Braitberg; Neil Coventry

2011-01-01

441

Agreement between Parent- and Self-Reports of Algerian Adolescents' Behavioral and Emotional Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined agreement between scores obtained from self-reports of behavioral and emotional problems obtained from 513 Algerian adolescents on the Youth Self-Report (YSR) with scores obtained from reports provided by their parents on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). The correlations between self- and parent-report were larger…

Petot, Djaouida; Rescorla, Leslie; Petot, Jean-Michel

2011-01-01

442

New Model of Mapping Difficulties in Solving Analogical Problems among Adolescents and Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main goal of the study was to map the difficulties and cognitive processes among adolescents (aged 13-21, N = 30) and adults (aged 25-66, N = 30) with mild and moderate intellectual disability (ID) when solving analogical problems. The participants were administered the "Conceptual and Perceptual Analogical Modifiability" test. A three-fold…

Lifshitz, Hefziba; Weiss, Itzhak; Tzuriel, David; Tzemach, Moran

2011-01-01

443

The relationship of parenting beliefs and behaviors to child and adolescent social skills and problem behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between parenting beliefs and behaviors and children's and adolescent's social skills and problem behaviors is a topic that has not been fully explored by researchers. Many researchers focus on parenting beliefs when examining the relationship between parenting factors and childhood outcomes. Research suggests that examining both parenting beliefs and behaviors is important. Additionally, much parenting research focuses on

Laura Silverman Liebling

2004-01-01

444

Gender Differences in Adolescent Depression: Gender-Typed Characteristics or Problem-Solving Skills Deficits?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined gender differences in depressive symptoms during adolescence related to gender-typed characteristics, problem solving abilities, and stressful life events in Canada. Surveys of high school students indicated that girls reported more depressive symptoms and scored higher on expressivity, whereas boys reported more instrumental attributes.…

Marcotte, Diane; Alain, Michel; Gosselin, Marie-Josee

1999-01-01

445

School Violence: To What Extent Do Perceptions of Problem Solving Skills Protect Adolescents?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether adolescents' perceptions of problem solving skills differ according to their sex, experiences of exposure to violence, age and grade, and the variables predicting their experiences of exposure to violence. Data were collected from 600(298 females, 302 males) 14-19 year-old students attending various types of high…

Turkum, Ayse Sibel

2011-01-01

446

The Association between Parental Personality Patterns and Internalising and Externalising Behaviour Problems in Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study investigated the relationship between parental personality patterns and internalising and externalising behaviour problems in a clinically referred sample of children (aged 4-8) and adolescents (aged 12-18). Methods: Data from families involved in two clinical trials in Victoria, Australia were analysed (n = 59). Families…

Bertino, Melanie D.; Connell, Gabrielle; Lewis, Andrew J.

2012-01-01

447

Relations Between Social Self-Perceptions, Time Use, and Prosocial or Problem Behaviors During Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relations between social self-perceptions, time use, and later involvement in prosocial or problem behaviors during early, middle, and later adolescence. The authors used an idiographic approach to identify four different patterns of social self-perceptions (confident, anxious, unconcerned, desperate) and then examined…

Jacobs, Janis E.; Vernon, Margaret K.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2004-01-01

448

Using Guided Notes To Improve the Academic Achievement of Incarcerated Adolescents with Learning and Behavior Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined effects of guided notes on the academic performance of seven adolescent males with learning and behavior problems, who were in a medium-security juvenile detention center. The students' academic performance improved and six of the seven students reported they preferred using guided notes. (Contains references.) (DB)

Hamilton, Sheri L.; Seibert, Marilyn A.; Gardner, Ralph, III; Talbert-Johnson, Carolyn

2000-01-01

449

Adolescent Substance Abuse and Mental Health: Problem Co-Occurrence and Access to Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with adolescent alcohol or drug (AOD) abuse/dependence, mental health and co-occurring problems, as well as factors associated with access to treatment. This is a secondary analysis of data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) 2000. The 12-month prevalence rate of…

Winstanley, Erin L.; Steinwachs, Donald M.; Stitzer, Maxine L.; Fishman, Marc J.

2012-01-01

450

Overview of Current Trends in Mental Health Problems for Australia's Youth and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of current trends in the mental health problems of Australia's youth and adolescents. It presents information derived from the most recent and comprehensive Australian surveys of youth mental health, and provides international comparisons and views from professional practice where relevant. An update of trends for…

Rickwood, Debra; White, Angela; Eckersley, Richard

2007-01-01

451

The effects of self-management of school attendance by problem adolescents.  

PubMed

Self-management of attendance by problem adolescents was shown to improve attendance in an alternative school. The use of biased measures to investigate change is discussed as well as the utility of frequent measures. The effect of improved attendance on academics is presented and future research in this area is suggested. PMID:443094

Neel, R S; De Bruler, L

1979-01-01

452

Examining Associations between Narcissism, Behavior Problems, and Anxiety in Non-Referred Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined associations between narcissism (total, adaptive, and maladaptive), self-esteem, and externalizing and internalizing problems in 157 non-referred adolescents (aged 14 to 18). Consistent with previous research, narcissism was positively associated with self-reported delinquency, overt aggression, and relational…

Lau, Katherine S. L.; Marsee, Monica A.; Kunimatsu, Melissa M.; Fassnacht, Gregory M.

2011-01-01

453

Influence of conduct problems and depressive symptomatology on adolescent substance use: developmentally proximal versus distal effects.  

PubMed

The identification of developmentally specific windows at which key predictors of adolescent substance use are most influential is a crucial task for informing the design of appropriately targeted substance use prevention and intervention programs. The current study examined effects of conduct problems and depressive symptomatology on changes in alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana from 8th through 12th grade. We examined the effects of relatively developmentally distal versus proximal mental health problems on adolescent substance use and tested for gender differences. With a national, longitudinal sample from the Monitoring the Future study (N = 3,014), structural equation modeling was used to test the effects of 8th and 10th grade conduct problems and depressive symptomatology on subsequent changes in alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use from 8th through 12th grade. Results indicated that relatively distal (8th grade) mental health problems were stronger predictors of increases in alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use than were relatively more proximal (10th grade) mental health problems. Eighth grade conduct problems had the strongest effects on alcohol and marijuana use, and 8th grade depressive symptomatology had the strongest effects on cigarette use. Few gender differences were observed. These results suggest that intervening in earlier appearing conduct problems and depressive symptomatology may lead to a reduction in adolescent substance use in 10th and 12th grades and beyond. PMID:24274728

Maslowsky, Julie; Schulenberg, John E; Zucker, Robert A

2014-04-01

454

Does Competence Mediate the Associations between Puberty and Internalizing or Externalizing Problems in Adolescent Girls  

PubMed Central

Purpose To examine separate mediational models linking a) menarcheal status or b) pubertal timing to internalizing and externalizing problems through competence. Method Cross-sectional analyses of 262 adolescent girls (11–17 years; M=14.93, SD=2.17) enrolled in a longitudinal study examining the association of psychological functioning and smoking with reproductive and bone health. Measures of menarcheal status (pre/post), pubertal timing (early, on-time, or late), internalizing and externalizing behavior, and perceived competence (parent and adolescent report) were obtained. Structural Equation Modeling was used for analyses. Results Perceived competence was found to fully mediate the association between menarcheal status and parent report of internalizing and externalizing problems. For adolescent report, there was a full mediation effect for internalizing problems but a partial mediation effect for externalizing problems. Being menarcheal was related to lower competence which was related to higher internalizing and externalizing problems. Models including pubertal timing were not significant. Conclusions Perceived competence is important in understanding the associations between menarcheal status and internalizing and externalizing problems. Interventions targeting competence, particularly in post-menarcheal girls, may reduce or prevent problem behaviors.

Negriff, Sonya; Hillman, Jennifer, B.; Dorn, Lorah D.

2011-01-01

455

The Health Education for Lupus Patients Study: A Randomized Controlled Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention Targeting Psychosocial Adjustment and Quality of Life in Adolescent Females with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus  

PubMed Central

Objective Examine in a randomize controlled feasibility clinical trial the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to manage pain, enhance disease adjustment and adaptation, and improve quality of life among female adolescents with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Female adolescents (N = 53) ranging in age from 12 to 18 years were randomized to one of three groups including a cognitive-behavioral intervention, an education-only arm, and a no-contact control group. Participants were assessed at baseline, post-intervention, and at three-and six-month intervals following completion of the intervention. Results No significant differences were revealed among the three treatment arms for any of the dependent measures at any of the assessment points. For the mediator variables, a post-hoc secondary analysis did reveal increases in coping skills from baseline to post-intervention among the participants in the cognitive-behavioral intervention group compared to both the no-contact control group and the education-only group. Conclusion Although no differences were detected in the primary outcome, a possible effect on female SLE adolescent coping was detected in this feasibility study. Whether the impact of training in the area of coping was of sufficient magnitude to generalize to other areas of functioning, such as adjustment and adaptation, is unclear. Future Phase III randomized trials will be needed to assess additional coping models, and to evaluate the dose of training and its influence on pain management, adjustment, and health-related quality of life.

Brown, Ronald T.; Shaftman, Stephanie R.; Tilley, Barbara C.; Anthony, Kelly K.; Kral, Mary C.; Maxson, Bonnie; Mee, Laura; Bonner, Melanie J.; Vogler, Larry B.; Schanberg, Laura E.; Connelly, Mark A.; Wagner, Janelle L.; Silver, Richard M.; Nietert, Paul J.

2012-01-01

456

Parent–Child Relations, Conduct Problems and Cigarette Use in Adolescence: Examining the Role of Genetic and Environmental Factors on Patterns of Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated genetic and environmental influences on the associations between mother–child relationship quality\\u000a (warmth and hostility) and adolescent conduct problems and cigarette use. Participants included 601 mothers and adolescent\\u000a twin pairs (aged 12–17 years). Mothers and adolescents provided separate reports of mother-to-child warmth and hostility.\\u000a A combined measure of mother and adolescent reported conduct problems was used while adolescents provided

Katherine H. Shelton; Gordon T. Harold; Tom A. Fowler; Frances J. Rice; Michael C. Neale; Anita Thapar

2008-01-01

457

Conduct problems in Russian adolescents: the role of personality and parental rearing.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was 1) to assess the predictive value of conduct problems prior to the age of 12 for the severity of antisocial behaviour during adolescence, and 2) to investigate the relationships between personality traits/parental rearing and childhood conduct problems/teenage antisocial behaviour. A group of 193 delinquents was assessed by means of the Antisocial Behavior Checklist (ABC), the Retrospective Childhood Problems (RETROPROB), the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the EMBU questionnaire on parental rearing. The extreme groups of delinquents as defined by childhood conduct problems, differed significantly on the experience of a rejecting father and a self-directed character. Furthermore, some specific predictive patterns for current antisocial behaviour by childhood conduct disorder and both personality dimensions and parental rearing factors emerged. The findings are discussed in the light of the interactive nature of relations between personality and parental rearing in the development of antisocial behaviour among adolescents. PMID:11315532

Ruchkin, V V; Koposov, R A; Eisemann, M; Hägglöf, B

2001-03-01

458

Cognitive functioning in mathematical problem solving during early adolescence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Problem-solving in school mathematics has traditionally been considered as belonging only to the concrete symbolic mode of thinking, the mode which is concerned with making logical, analytical deductions. Little attention has been given to the place of the intuitive processes of the ikonic mode. The present study was designed to explore the interface between logical and intuitive processes in the context of mathematical problem solving. Sixteen Year 9 and 10 students from advanced mathematics classes were individually assessed while they solved five mathematics problems. Each student's problem-solving path, for each problem, was mapped according to the type of strategies used. Strategies were broadly classified into Ikonic (IK) or Concrete Symbolic (CS) categories. Students were given two types of problems to solve: (i) those most likely to attract a concrete symbolic approach; and (ii) problems with a significant imaging or intuitive component. Students were also assessed as to the vividness and controllability of their imaging ability, and their creativity. Results indicated that the nature of the problem is a basic factor in determining the type of strategy used for its solution. Students consistently applied CS strategies to CS problems, and IK strategies to IK problems. In addition, students tended to change modes significantly more often when solving CS-type problems than when solving IK-type problems. A switch to IK functioning appeared to be particularly helpful in breaking an unproductive set when solving a CS-type problem. Individual differences in strategy use were also found, with students high on vividness of imagery using IK strategies more frequently than students who were low on vividness. No relationship was found between IK strategy use and either students' degree of controllability of imagery or their level of creativity. The instructional implications of the results are discussed.

Collis, Kevin F.; Watson, Jane M.; Campbell, K. Jennifer

1993-12-01

459

Suicidal ideation among adolescent school children, involvement in bully-victim problems, and perceived social support.  

PubMed

Relationships among suicidal ideation, involvement in bully-victim problems at school, and perceived social support were investigated with samples of adolescent students (N = 1103 and N = 845) attending secondary school in South Australia. Results obtained from self-reports and peer nomination procedures to identify bullies and victims indicated that involvement in bully-victim problems at school, especially for students with relatively little social support, was significantly related to degree of suicidal ideation. PMID:10407965

Rigby, K; Slee, P

1999-01-01

460

Prevalence of Adolescent Problem Gambling, Related Harms and Help-Seeking Behaviours Among an Australian Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epidemiological studies have consistently reported prevalence rates ranging between 0.9 and 23.5% for problem gambling among\\u000a young people. With such a large range reported in the literature, it is clear that more research in this area would be of\\u000a value. The current study investigated the prevalence rate of adolescent gambling and problem gambling and explored types of\\u000a harm-related and help-seeking

Katie Splevins; Shab Mireskandari; Kymbra Clayton; Alex Blaszczynski

2010-01-01

461

Back and neck pain are related to mental health problems in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  There is a high prevalence of mental health problems amongst adolescents. In addition there is a high prevalence of spinal\\u000a pain in this population. Evidence suggests that these conditions are related. This study sought to extend earlier findings\\u000a by examining the relationship between mental health problems as measured by the Child Behaviour Check List (CBCL) and the\\u000a experience of back

Clare S Rees; Anne J Smith; Peter B O’Sullivan; Garth E Kendall; Leon M Straker

2011-01-01

462

Preschool behavioral and social-cognitive problems as predictors of (Pre)adolescent disruptive behavior.  

PubMed

This article describes preschool social understanding and difficult behaviors (hot temper, disobedience, bossiness and bullying) as predictors of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and aggressive conduct disorder (ACD) in a Dutch population sample of (pre)adolescents (N = 1943), measured at age 10-12 and at age 13-15. ODD and ACD were assessed by the Child Behavior Checklist and the Youth Self-Report, preschool behavior was evaluated by the parental questionnaire [Symbol: see text]How was your child as a preschooler? (age 4-5)'. Adjusted for each other, all difficult preschool behaviors except bullying were associated with adolescent ODD, while only bullying significantly predicted adolescent ACD. Furthermore, the results suggest a qualitative difference between ODD and ACD in terms of the social component of the disorders: poor preschool social understanding was associated with the development of ACD but not of ODD; and poor social understanding interacted with difficult preschool behaviors to predict later ACD but not ODD. The associations did not differ between boys and girls, and were roughly similar for preadolescent (age 10-12) and early adolescent (age 13-15) outcomes. The finding that poor social understanding was implicated in the development of ACD but not in the development of ODD may help to demarcate the individuality of each disorder and offer leads for (differential) treatment strategies. PMID:17476586

Emond, Alice; Ormel, Johan; Veenstra, René; Oldehinkel, Albertine J

2007-10-01

463

ERIC/CUE: The Social and Psychological Adjustment of Southeast Asian Refugees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems of Southeast Asians adjusting to American culture and their new roles. Sources of stress and conflict for adults, adolescents, and young children suggest possible plans of action for teachers and counselors. (SA)

Ascher, Carol

1985-01-01

464

Ecclesiogenic neuroses and psychoses in adolescence. On the complicated detachment problems of adolescents from rigorously moralizing, Christian-religious movements.  

PubMed

In the child and adolescent psychiatric department of Bern University Clinic, between 1982 and 1986 42 adolescent male and female patients were admitted for in-patient treatment. 9 of them (21.4%) came from Christian-religious sects. This was all the more surprising as the proportion of marginal Christian-religious groups in the population was 1.4% in the population census in the canton Bern in December 1980. This noticeably over-proportional accumulation was taken as a reason for carrying out an analysis of the case histories. It was shown that the