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1

Relación entre lípidos séricos y estado de las vitaminas C y E como antioxidantes en adultos mayores venezolanos  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN. En el envejecimiento se observa tendencia a hiperlipidemias, cambios en la distribución de lipoproteínas y una declinación del sistema de defensa antioxidante del organismo. El objetivo de este estudio fue relacionar concentraciones séricas de colesterol total, fracciones, triglicéridos y Vitaminas C y E. Se evaluaron 61 adultos mayores de 60 años de edad, de enero-marzo, 2006. Se diagnosticó estado

Lesbia Meertens; Gloria Naddaf; Adelmo Rodríguez

2008-01-01

2

Caídas en el adulto mayor. Factores intrínsecos y extrínsecos  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Objective: To identify associated factors in falls of the elderly. Design: Cross-sectional. Materials and Methods: Identification data of schedule was applied to patients of 60 years of age and older without cognitive deterioration, who came to the emergency room at the Dr. Victorio de la Fuente Narváez Traumatology Hospital in Mexico due to injuries from falls. We registered general

Santillana Hernández; Luis Eduardo; Alvarado Moctezuma; Gustavo Rodrigo; Medina Beltrán; Rosa María; Cortés González; Alfredo Badallo; Sonia Patricia

3

Obesidad e hipertensión en los adultos mayores uruguayos  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work studies the incidence of obesity and socioeconomic status on the prevalence of hypertension on the elderly of Montevideo, Uruguay. Based on data from the Survey on Health, Well-being and Aging (SABE project, PAHO-WHO), a bivariate probit model is estimated controlling by the potential endogeneity of obesity. The results obtained confirm the appropriateness of the joint estimation of

Juan Pablo Pagano; Máximo Rossi; Patricia Triunfo

2007-01-01

4

Mayoral Selection and the Demand and Supply of Women Mayors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies consider the effect of selection procedures on women's attainment of mayoral office. This article begins to fill this gap through analysis of more than 100 cities in California. The results show that selection method of mayor by popular vote exerts a substantial negative effect on whether a woman holds the office of mayor. The study then explores the

Amy C. Alexander

2011-01-01

5

Análisis descriptivo del tamaño relativo del gasto del gobierno chileno  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se examina el tamaño relativo del Gobierno chileno a través de una comparación internacional con valores equivalentes de otros países. Adicionalmente hay un análisis similar para dos componentes importantes del gasto público: educación y salud. El gasto del Gobierno de Chile, valor en torno del 20% (PIB), está junto al tercio inferior de países que poseen un

Eduardo Engel; Patricio Meller; Claudio Bravo

1998-01-01

6

Inequidades socioeconómicas en el uso de servicios sanitarios del adulto mayor montevideano  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses data from the 1999-2000 SABE survey to analyze socioeconomic inequities in healthcare access, utilization, and quality, for a sample of elderly individuals from Montevideo, Uruguay. We find horizontal inequity favoring the rich in the quality of access to medical visits (lower time spent travelling to the office and waiting in the office), in the probability of medical

Ana Balsa; Daniel Ferres; Máximo Rossi; Patricia Triunfo

2009-01-01

7

Priorities for "The New American City." Mayors 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the scope and potential of the New American City, a term employed by entrepreneurial mayors who have forged partnerships with businesses, nonprofits, and other governmental entities to improve the quality of life in their cities. U.S. mayors believe that it is possible to strengthen and maintain the growth of the New…

Coles, H. Brent

8

Some problems of Maryland towns as seen by their mayors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conversations were held with the mayors of six Maryland towns to discuss possible models and needs for technology transfer. An unexpected outcome of the discussions was a considerable insight into local problems as perceived by the mayors. Problems, whether administrative, socio-economic, or technological, are different, from town to town, in degree, not in kind. Recognition of this feature of local priorities is vital to any considerations of external assistance.

Peake, H. J.

1978-01-01

9

The U.S. Conference of Mayors: Online Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many urban areas are faced with similar problems, and it makes sense that many mayors in the United States have joined forces with The U.S. Conference of Mayors in order to speak with a unified voice about the issues that urban areas struggle with on a regular basis. With that in mind, the Conference of Mayors has put together this sage site which contains a diverse set of policy publications and attendant prescriptions addressing everything from brownfields to climate protection. The papers are organized chronologically and they date back to 1993. All told, there are over 50 papers available here and some of the more recent titles include a report on hunger and homelessness in American cities and an omnibus survey on cities' water management policies.

2008-01-01

10

15. MILE ROCK TUNNEL INSPECTED, AUGUST 26, 1915, WITH MAYOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. MILE ROCK TUNNEL INSPECTED, AUGUST 26, 1915, WITH MAYOR ROLPH AND MEMBERS OF PUBLIC WORKS BOARD PRESENT. Department of Public Works, Map and Plan Room, photo #2546. - Mile Rock Tunnel, Under Forty-eighth Avenue from Cabrillo Street to San Francisco Bay at Point Lobos, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

11

Grading the Mayor: Agenda-Setting in Defiance, Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to explore the press's power to influence its readers and viewers, a study replicated other agenda-setting research using content analysis of the media and a telephone survey of residents of Defiance, Ohio. Subjects, 364 residents (representing a 45% response rate), were asked to grade the mayor on the best and worst things he had…

Christy, Karen J.

12

Norwegian mayoral awareness of and attitudes towards climate change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The willingness of local politicians to implement measures for curbing greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to emerging conditions is essential for successful climate change policies. This article reports findings from a survey of attitudes amongst Norwegian mayors, who prove to be fairly well informed about, and have confidence in, the climate change message. They think that Norway should do

Geir Inge Orderud; Ilan Kelman

2011-01-01

13

U.S. Conference of Mayors: Best Practices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On a regular basis, the U.S. Conference of Mayors works to release new best practice profiles which look at what different American cities are doing to improve various aspects of life. This corner of the Conference's site brings all of these documents together in one place for urban policy types and those people who care about the future of cities. Many of these profiles are written by city mayors, and some of the more recent entries include vignettes on single stream recycling, public school outreach efforts, and the benefits of long-term financial planning. The profiles are joined by dozens of other documents dating back to 1999, including "Community Development Block Grant Success Stories" and several timely reports on community policing. It's a solid resource all around and one that is worth keeping tabs on for future consideration.

14

Three Major Issues Influencing Local Financial Management Capacity: The Perspective of Mayors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mayors who were members of two standing committees of the Conference of Mayors were surveyed about their views and needs regarding the planning and management of capital infrastructure, energy management strategies for local officials, and informational n...

1981-01-01

15

Mayor's Firm Hand over N.Y.C. Schools Sparks New Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a new debate on mayoral control over New York City schools. Mayoral control of the N.Y.C. schools was at the center of renewed debate, after Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg replaced two members of the city's education policymaking board to ensure enough votes for a controversial plan he backed to end social promotion. The shakeup…

Archer, Jeff

2004-01-01

16

Validation of the Escala de Inteligencia Wechsler Para Adultos  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the comparability between the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) and its Spanish-language adaptation the Escala De Inteligencia Para Adultos (EIWA). Fifty Puerto Rican, bilingual examinees who showed equal language proficiency in English and Spanish using the Bilingual Syntax Measure II (BSM-II) were administered both intelligence tests.^ Results of this study showed a mean difference between the EIWA

Carlos Y Maldonado

1995-01-01

17

A Tale of Two Cities: Reality Check on Mayoral Control of Urban School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article represents a preliminary exploration of the impact of mayoral control of two large urban school systems and the legislative changes in school governance and policies--spearheaded by business leaders and politicians--which affect students, teachers, and traditional school leaders in terms of accountability, decision making, and school…

Burney, Nona M.; Holloway, Bernice E.

2004-01-01

18

Patterns of press coverage of mayoral campaigns: Comparing Detroit and Los Angeles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines newspaper coverage of mayoral elections in Detroit and Los Angeles in 1997 and 2001. The project had three objectives: (1) to see how journalistic tendencies in the coverage of national elections, most notably, a preoccupation with the “horse race” and incumbency, are evident in coverage of local campaigns; (2) to see how patterns of press coverage vary

Julio Borquez; Donna Wasserman

2006-01-01

19

L.A. Mayor Seeks Role in District: Villaraigosa Wants State Law Stripping Board of Powers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After months of deliberations and promises of dramatic change for Los Angeles' embattled schools, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa the week of April 17, 2006 called for California lawmakers to put his office in charge of running the day-to-day operations of the nation's second largest school district. In his first State of the City address, Mr.…

Maxwell, Lesli A.

2006-01-01

20

DIABETES MELLITUS COMO FACTOR DE RIESGO DE DEMENCIA EN LA POBLACI?N ADULTA MAYOR MEXICANA  

PubMed Central

Introduccion La diabetes mellitus y las demencias constituyen dos problemas crecientes de salud entre la población adulta mayor del mundo y en particular de los paises en desarrollo. Hacen falta estudios longitudinales sobre el papel de la diabetes como factor de riesgo para demencia. Objetivo Determinar el riesgo de demencia en sujetos Mexicanos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Materiales y Metodos Los sujetos diabéticos libres de demencia pertenecientes al Estudio Nacional de Salud y Envejecimiento en México fueron evaluados a los dos años de la línea de base. Se estudió el papel de los factores sociodemográficos, de otras comorbilidades y del tipo de tratamiento en la conversión a demencia. Resultados Durante la línea de base 749 sujetos (13.8%) tuvieron diabetes. El riesgo de desarrollar demencia en estos individuos fue el doble (RR, 2.08 IC 95%, 1.59–2.73). Se encontró un riesgo mayor en individuos de 80 años y más (RR 2.44 IC 95%, 1.46–4.08), en los hombres (RR, 2.25 IC 95%, 1.46–3.49) y en sujetos con nivel educativo menor de 7 años. El estar bajo tratamiento con insulina incrementó el riesgo de demencia (RR, 2.83, IC 95%, 1.58–5.06). Las otras comorbilidades que aumentaron el riesgo de demencia en los pacientes diabéticos fueron la hipertensión (RR, 2.75, IC 95%, 1.86–4.06) y la depresión (RR, 3.78, 95% IC 2.37–6.04). Conclusión Los sujetos con diabetes mellitus tienen un riesgo mayor de desarrollar demencia, La baja escolaridad y otras comorbilidades altamente prevalentes en la población Mexicana contribuyen a la asociación diabetes-demencia.

Silvia, Mejia-Arango; Clemente, y Zuniga-Gil

2012-01-01

21

Infrasonic Observations of Ground Shaking along the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor Rupture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mw 7.2 El Mayor earthquake in northeast Baja California generated seismic waves that were felt for up to 90 seconds throughout southern California and northern Baja. The locations of the epicenter, aftershocks, and surface rupture suggest that the rupture was not focused at one specific location, but initiated near El Mayor, Mexico and extended northwest for roughly 120 km through the U.S. border. We analyze infrasound and seismic data recorded by three arrays and show that the surface shaking in the vicinity of the rupture also generated infrasound that was detected at least 200 km away to the north and west of the epicentral region, despite stratospheric winds from the west that only favor eastward propagation. Frequency domain beamforming of infrasound array signals recorded by an array near San Diego (MRIAR) shows a time progression of signal back azimuth that spans the entire rupture length. Ray trace modeling using 4-D atmospheric velocity models suggests that the observed infrasound signals refracted in the thermosphere. The signals have frequencies from 1 to 12 Hz, which is rather high given the level of thermospheric attenuation predicted by traditional models. A secondary infrasound wavetrain that arrived at MRIAR before the epicentral infrasound appears to have originated from an infrasonic radiator south of the array that was excited by the passing surface waves.

Degroot-Hedlin, C. D.; Walker, K.

2010-12-01

22

Deformation associated with the 2010 Sierra El Mayor earthquake from GPS and InSAR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 4 April 2010, M7.2 Sierra El Mayor earthquake ruptured over 50 km of a system of faults located on the western side of the Sierra El Mayor mountains, where they meet the dry lake Laguna Salada. The terrain in the region is mostly poorly vegetated desert, and thus a promising target for InSAR. We use L-band radar data from the PALSAR instrument on the Japanese ALOS satellite, to generate SAR interferograms of the epicentral area spanning the earthquake and the early postseismic period. Coseismic offsets in satellite line-of-sight are in some places greater than 1.5 m, indicating peak right-lateral fault slip of approximately double that amount. Azimuth offsets, calculated at high resolution for the same data, are used to map the location of the earthquake surface rupture. We supplement these data with GPS data - a relatively dense network of continuous data from north of the US-Mexico border, and a sparse network of semi-continuous and campaign GPS data collected by UCR, Scripps and CICESE south of the border. Near-field sites show transient deformation on a timescale of weeks to months following the earthquake. Preliminary inverse models indicate a oblique-normal mode of slip may provide the best fit to the coseismic data, consistent with preliminary focal mechanisms and the local geomorphology; the geodetic moment-magnitude of 7.2 for these models is also in line with those estimated seismically.

Funning, G. J.; Floyd, M. A.; Ben-Zion, D.

2010-12-01

23

Evidence Of Nonlinear Infrasound Propagation From The 2010 El Mayor Rupture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, a large number of surface and atmospheric sources have generated infrasound energy that has been recorded at source-receiver distances over 1000 km at the USArray, a large transportable array making its way across the United States. The sources, including surface explosions, large bolides, mining events and a space shuttle, combined with the very high density of recording sites, have contributed to an understanding of the broad range of infrasound signals that can be recorded at seismic sensors. One finding from these studies is that infrasound propagation modeling using both ray theory and linear full-waveform synthesis methods fails to predict the full range of arrivals observed at the recording sites. This failure reflects inaccuracies either in the atmospheric specifications - the wind and static sounds - that guide acoustic propagation, or in the assumptions used in linear propagation methods. The effect of nonlinearity on infrasound propagation modeling is investigated for the 7.2 El Mayor earthquake that occurred on 4 April, 2010. This event generated infrasound at frequencies of several Hertz that was recorded over 200 km away at sites to the north and west of the epicentral region, despite stratospheric winds that favor propagation in an eastward direction. The observations of higher frequency infrasound suggest non-linear steepening, either at stratospheric or thermospheric altitudes. The locations of the epicenter, aftershocks, and surface rupture suggest that the rupture had a spatial extent of roughly 75 km in length, i.e nearly a line source. We compute waveforms with and without the effects of nonlinearity from a line source for a wind and sound speed model relevant to the El Mayor rupture, and compare these to waveforms recorded for this event.

deGroot-Hedlin, C. D.; Walker, K. T.; Hedlin, M. A.

2011-12-01

24

Near field 3D displacement of El Mayor-Cupapah Earthquake: A hybrid approach. (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface rupture produced on April 4th of 2010 by the M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake is an ideal target to be analyzed by remote sensing techniques. It produced over 100 km of scarps, with vertical and horizontal slip on the order of 2 to 3 m in scarcely vegetated, rugged terrain underlain by mostly igneous rocks. A 3D displacement field (DF) was calculated by matching pre- to post-event airborne LiDAR point clouds through the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm, which first segments the point clouds into discrete windows, and for each, iteratively converges on a rigid body transformation comprising a translation and a rotation that best aligns the pre- to post-event point clouds. After testing different window sizes, we used a square window 100m a side. The El Mayor-Cucapah LiDAR data sets present special challenges for the ICP technique. The point clouds differ considerably in point density, by ~1:700. This, and the lower precision of the pre-earthquake data, limit the accuracy of the DF results. Despite these issues, the vertical and East-West (E-W) components of the DF from ICP very clearly delineate the trace of the surface rupture, showing east-side down dextral-normal motion in agreement with field measurements and the focal mechanism reported for this event. A systematic error in the LiDAR instrument used for the pre-event survey caused severe distortion of the North-South (N-S) component of the LiDAR returns. After reprocessing the source pre-event point cloud in various ways to correct for the systematic error, a more plausible pattern for the N-S component was obtained for the DF. To have another perspective for the horizontal DF, a subpixel correlation analysis of optical satellite images (SPOT 2.5 m panchromatic images) before and after the earthquake, was performed using the COSI-Corr software. We combined the N-S component from this analysis with the E-W and vertical components of the ICP results, and present the analysis of the resulting DF. We also compare the results from ICP and COSI-Corr individually for each of the horizontal components. Both methods delineate very clearly the rupture, and agree in direction with small discrepancies in magnitude for the horizontal DF. Results from far field deformation measurements obtained from different remote sensing techniques, such as GPS and InSAR, could be fused with the near-field LiDAR and COSI-Corr results to provide a synoptic view of the strain induced by earthquakes such as the El Mayor-Cucapah event.

Hinojosa-Corona, A.; Limon, F. J.; Nissen, E.; Glennie, C. L.; Krishnan, A.; Oskin, M. E.; Arrowsmith, R.; Leprince, S.; Saripalli, S.; Arregui, S. M.; Borsa, A. A.; Kreylos, O.; Banesh, D.; Fletcher, J. M.

2013-12-01

25

A dated pollen record of vegetation change on Mayor Island (Tuhua) throughout the last 3000 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pollen data are presented from Mayor Island, Bay of Plenty. The island was important in prehistory as a source of obsidian (Seelenfreund, A., Bollong, C., 1989. The sourcing of New Zealand obsidian artefacts using energy dispersive XRF Spectroscopy. In: D. Sutton (Editor), Saying So Doesn't Make It So: Papers in honour of B. Foss Leach. New Zealand Archaeological Association Monograph, Wellington, pp. 168-189.) and holds a strategic location relative to the settlement of the North Island of New Zealand since it lies on possible arrival routes from Polynesia, and also relative to travel up and down the east coast of the North Island. The pollen data show that the island was generally forested between c. 3000 and c. 450 BP, when forest declined and the bracken fern Pteridium esculentum (and charcoal) increased. Before significant forest decline at 450 BP, which is consistent with Maori occupation at the time of the fortified settlements known as pa, there is evidence of other episodes of vegetation disturbance dating back to c. 2200 BP which may represent earlier visits by people.

Empson, Leighanne; Flenley, John; Sheppard, Peter

2002-07-01

26

Agricultural Damage and Recovery Notes Regarding the El Mayor - Cucapah Earthquake of April 4, 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Salton Trough in North America is the location of three large agricultural regions; the Mexicali Valley in Baja California, and the Imperial and Coachella Valleys in California. Damage from earthquakes in the region to irrigation and drainage systems and to farmlands has been reported in several regional earthquakes starting with the 1940 El Centro earthquake. The moment magnitude 7.2 El Mayor - Cucapah earthquake resulted in significant damage to irrigation and drainage canals in the Mexicali Valley and the loss of over 200 square kilometers of crops. The Imperial Valley suffered limited damage to canals and irrigation and drainage systems and farms. Recovery in the area is underway and in some areas may take a number of years due to not only deformation of farmlands and canals but also salting of farmlands from groundwater laden with salts and in some areas sulfur. Aftershocks have deformed locally regarded farmlands or canals and drains impeding water delivery, drainage of farmlands and the return of farmlands to productivity. Our presentation will focus on agricultural related impacts of the earthquake and aftershocks to the local and regional economy and discuss some of the efforts underway to recover from the earthquake and respond to and mitigate agricultural infrastructure damage from aftershocks.

Anderson, R.; McCarthy, R.; Mathieson, E. L.; Stenner, H. D.; Macari, E.; Mendoza, L.

2010-12-01

27

Mechanisms of Postseismic Deformation Following the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Salton Trough, ongoing continental rifting has produced a regime in which the mechanically weak asthenosphere may extend up to within 40-45 km of the surface, compared to 60-80 km in much of southern California. As a result, viscous flow of the asthenosphere may more strongly affect surface deformation in the Salton Trough than elsewhere, and conversely, patterns of surface deformation in this region may provide insights into the nature of asthenospheric flow that are difficult to extract elsewhere. The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake occurred within the Salton Trough and may have triggered shallow postseismic creep, deep creep, and viscous flow in the asthenosphere (and possibly in the lower crust). Using the Fialko et al [2010] coseismic displacement model and the deformation modeling software RELAX, we calculate the expected postseismic surface deformation resulting from coupled creep and viscous flow in a variety of hypothetical geometries, then compare these forward models to continuous GPS and INSAR data. Preliminary findings suggest that viscous flow in the shallow Salton Trough asthenosphere, and possibly within the lower crust, is required to explain postseismic uplift observed at several GPS stations in the Imperial Valley.

Rollins, J. C.; Barbot, S.; Avouac, J.

2012-12-01

28

The Mayor's Plan for Achieving Success in the DCPS: Is the Implementation Likely to Match the Vision?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mayor Adrian Fenty's achievement plan for the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) is divided into four major parts. The first section outlines the philosophical foundation undergirding the plan. The second section outlines the plan's goals and strategies. In preparing this commentary, the Council of the Great City Schools assessed how…

Council of the Great City Schools, 2007

2007-01-01

29

Tectonic Geomorphology of an Active Low-Angle Normal Fault, Sierra El Mayor, Northern Baja California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low angle normal faults (LANF) are ubiquitously distributed throughout the northern Gulf of California. They commonly bound uplifted mountain ranges and are found in numerous seismic sections in the Altar Desert and Wagner Basin (A. Martin, unpublished data). The Canada David detachment (CDD) is a spectacular example of an active LANF that controls the western mountain front of Sierra El Mayor over a strike length of 60 Km. Like most LANFs, the CDD contains two prominent antiform-synform megamullion pairs that strongly control the tectonic geomorphology of the uplifted footwall block and alluvial terraces along the range flank. Quantitative morphometric analysis along the mountain front shows that drainage basins in antiformal domains have systematically higher outlet elevations, higher gradients, greater relief, and much greater hypsometric integrals. Additionally river valleys are narrower and dominated by bedrock channels that extend nearly to the outlet, which is consistent with the fact that mountain front sinuosity is almost an order of magnitude less in the antiformal domains. A sequence of as many as 8 different regional strath terraces are preserved along the range flank and reconnaissance dating of the deposits by cosmogenic isotopes suggests that they formed during the major interglacial-to-glacial climatic transitions. Strath terraces are generally much older, and relative heights between terraces is significantly lower in synformal domains. All of these geomorphologic characteristics suggest that the synformal domains have experienced much lower rates of uplift and erosion of the footwall and likewise lower rates of sedimentation in the adjacent hanging wall basin. The lack of slip gradients on the master fault between synformal and antiformal domains suggests that the megamullions formed instead by regional buckling perpendicular to the extension direction. A Quaternary scarp array extends along the entire length of the mountain front and also shows remarkable variations with megamullions. In antiformal domains, Quaternary scarps generally lie within 100 m of the trace of the CDD. The array is generally wider and contains numerous antithetic scarps that accommodate high ratios of horizontal to vertical deformation. In contrast, the scarp array in synformal domains is well removed (3.5-10 km) from the recessed trace of the CDD and is characterized by a narrow band of synthetic scarps. Our data are consistent with a basinward migration of deformation as envisioned in the "rolling hinge" model of detachment faulting, but we conclude that such a migration occurs predominantly in synformal domains as the fault adopts a straighter configuration.

Fletcher, J. M.; Spelz, R.

2007-05-01

30

The Mayor of EarthCube: Cities as an Analogue for Governing Cyberinfrastructure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historical development of national and global infrastructure follows common paths with common imperatives. The nascent development may be led a by champion, innovator, or incubating organization. Once the infrastructure reaches a tipping point and adoption spreads rapidly, the organization and governance evolves in concert. Ultimately, no wide-spread infrastructure (from canals to highways to the electric grid to radio/television, or the Internet) operates with a single overarching governing body. The NSF EarthCube initiative is a prototype implementation of cyberinfrastructure, using the broad geoscience community as the testbed. Governance for EarthCube is emulating the pattern of other infrastructure, which we argue is a system of systems that can be described by organized complexity, emergent systems, and non-linear thermodynamics. As we consider governance cyberinfrastructure in the geosciences, we might look to cities as analogs: cities provide services such as fire, police, water, and trash collection. Cities issue permits and often oversee zoning, but much of what defines cities is outside the direct control of city government. Businesses choose whether to locate there, where to operate, and what to build. Residents make similar decisions. State and federal agencies make decisions or impose criteria that greatly affect cities, without necessarily getting agreement from them. City government must thus operate at multiple levels - providing oversight and management of city services, interaction with residents, businesses, and visitors, and dealing with actions and decisions made by independent entities over which they have little or no control. Cities have a range of organizational and management models, ranging from city managers, councils, and weak to strong mayors, some elected directly, some chosen from councils. The range and complexity of governance issues in building, operating, and sustaining cyberinfrastructure in the geosciences and beyond, rival those of running a medium to large city. The range of organizational and management structures in meeting community needs and goals are also diverse and may embody a multi-faceted set of governing archetypes, best suited to carry out each of myriad functions. We envision cyberinfrastructure governance to be a community-driven enterprise empowered to carry out a dynamic set of functions, operating within a set of processes (comparable to a city charter) and guiding principles (constitution).

Pearthree, G. M.; Allison, M. L.; Patten, K.

2012-12-01

31

Lecturas sobre educacion de adultos en America latina (Readings on Adult Education in Latin America). Serie: Retablo de Papel 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve essays written in Spanish on the state of adult education in Latin America are presented. The essays are organized into three main sections, including: "Concepto y evolucion historica de la educacion de adultos" (Conception and Historical Evolution of Adult Education); "Aspectos particulares" (Specific Subjects); and "Tendencias y…

Latapi, Pablo, Comp.; Castillo, Alfonso, Comp.

32

Seismological evidence and dynamic model of reverse rupture propagation during the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor Cucapah earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake has produced some unique observations that exemplify the complexity of rupture dynamics. An eyewitness located near the fault when the rupture broke reported signatures of reverse surface rupture (rupture towards the South at a location North from the hypocenter). We report here on seismological evidence of this phenomenon and present dynamic rupture simulations that illustrate a possible mechanism. Reverse rupture propagation is not admissible in traditional source inversions, because of restrictive assumptions about the rupture kinematics adopted to reduce the non-uniqueness of the inverse problem. In contrast, source imaging by back-projection of dense array data is free from such assumptions. Recently, we have enhanced the array back-projection technique to achieve higher resolution on rupture evolution. We have also extended this approach to recordings at regional distance, despite the complexity of the regional Pn waveforms. We imaged the source of the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake by back-projecting Pn waves recorded by the SIEDCAR array in New Mexico. Our analysis reveals a segment with reverse rupture propagation consistent with the eyewitness reports. Our simulations of dynamic earthquake rupture show that reverse rupture propagation can be caused by delayed rupture of a strong fault region with a negative along-strike gradient of strength excess. In this scenario the rupture front tunnels through (or surrounds) the strong area, then starts breaking the opposite, weaker end of the strong patch, inducing a reverse rupture front.

Meng, L.; Ampuero, J. P.; Page, M. T.; Hudnut, K. W.

2011-12-01

33

Seismotectonics of the 2010 El Mayor Cucapah - Indiviso Earthquake and its Relation to Seismic Hazard in Southern California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The April 4th, 2010 Mw 7.2 earthquake was the largest earthquake in over 100 years of known historical seismicity in the Salton Trough region. It was a relatively benign earthquake, with only two deaths related to its occurrence. It produced, however, profound agricultural and ecological changes at the southern section of the Mexicali Valley, where a new fault called the Indiviso fault, is shown to have ruptured by analysis of ALOS PALSAR and Landsat imagery. The Indiviso fault connects the ridge-transform and continental transform tectonic regimes with a straight linkage, as revealed by this earthquake, but this event also simultaneously involved oblique normal faulting and cross-faulting. The earthquake was complex, with at least three distinct slip pulses. It originated as a normal rupture along the ~18 km long, N-S striking El Mayor-Hardy fault along the east margin of the Sierra El Mayor. After 10 seconds, two large bursts of energy were released, one to the NW and one to the SE, producing the total moment release equivalent to Mw 7.25. The NW ruptures reactivated portions of the Pescadores, Borrego and Paso Superior faults with minor slip along the Laguna Salada and several other faults. This section had a dominant right lateral strike slip sense of motion with the NE side down. To the SE of the epicenter, disruption occurred along the dominantly strike-slip Indiviso fault, with a SW side down component of dip slip. The epicentral aftershock area, including its main aftershock to the NW, is >120 km in length; the surficial faulting occurs along ~110 km with 6-9 km of splaying to the N-NE at the NW end and to the S-SW at the SE end. The El Mayor Cucapah - Indiviso event follows nine M>6.5 earthquakes along the San Andreas fault system in the past 80 years between the head of the Gulf of California and the Transverse Ranges. Long, straight fault segments capable of larger earthquakes, and that have not ruptured historically, include portions of the San Jacinto and Elsinore faults, and the entire southern San Andreas Fault.

Gonzalez-Garcia, J. J.; Gonzalez Ortega, A.; Bock, Y.; Fialko, Y.; Fielding, E. J.; Fletcher, J. M.; Galetzka, J. E.; Hudnut, K. W.; Munguia, L.; Nelson, S. M.; Rockwell, T. K.; Sandwell, D. T.; Stock, J.

2010-12-01

34

Grading the Mayor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the shadow of a Manhattan housing project, Public School 33 is coming back to life. A new principal has brought a wave of optimism, test scores are way up, and middle-class families who used to avoid the school are enrolling their children. In Brooklyn, teenagers who might have dropped out of school are getting diplomas through a special…

Gewertz, Catherine

2005-01-01

35

Aftershocks of the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake revealcomplex faulting in the Yuha Desert, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We detect and precisely locate over 9500 aftershocks that occurred in the Yuha Desert region during a 2 month period following the 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake. Events are relocated using a series of absolute and relative relocation procedures that include Hypoinverse, Velest, and hypoDD. Location errors are reduced to ~40 m horizontally and ~120 m vertically.Aftershock locations reveal a complex pattern of faulting with en echelon fault segments trending toward the northwest, approximately parallel to the North American-Pacific plate boundary and en echelon, conjugate features trending to the northeast. The relocated seismicity is highly correlated with published surface mapping of faults that experienced triggered surface slip in response to the EMC main shock. Aftershocks occurred between 2 km and 11 km depths, consistent with previous studies of seismogenic thickness in the region. Three-dimensional analysis reveals individual and intersecting fault planes that are limited in their along-strike length. These fault planes remain distinct structures at depth, indicative of conjugate faulting, and do not appear to coalesce onto a throughgoing fault segment. We observe a complex spatiotemporal migration of aftershocks, with seismicity that jumps between individual fault segments that are active for only a few days to weeks. Aftershock rates are roughly consistent with the expected earthquake production rates of Dieterich (1994). The conjugate pattern of faulting and nonuniform aftershock migration patterns suggest that strain in the Yuha Desert is being accommodated in a complex manner.

Kroll, K.;Cochran, Elizabeth S.;Richards-Dinger, K.;Sumy, Danielle

2013-01-01

36

Terrestrial LiDAR analyses of coseismic surface deformation from the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapa Earthquake (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-resolution terrestrial LiDAR (t-LiDAR) datasets collected 12-18 days after the 4 April 2010, Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in northern Mexico demonstrate the capability of t-LiDAR to rapidly quantify and preserve details of coseismic surface deformation at high resolution. Though the quantity of equipment required even for highly portable t-LiDAR systems remains a limitation, where data acquisition can be accomplished the resulting cm-resolution topography can uniquely enhance understanding of how earthquakes deform the earth’s surface. Our surveys of the El Mayor-Cucapah surface rupture, totaling ~2 km in length, quantify fresh meter-scale fault scarps, centimeter- to decimeter-scale distributed slip, and striations on the fault face. To visualize and interpret the data, we use the KeckCAVES immersive 3D virtual reality space and a 3D-enabled desktop computer. We emphasize the importance of interacting with the full resolution point data, even when mapping on gridded digital elevation models (DEMs). An important component of our analysis is to manually de-vegetate the point clouds to improve resolution of fine topographic features. Using the point-cloud data, we measured lineations on near-vertical bedrock fault faces. Populations of data from two sites independently resolve two southeast plunging slip-vectors that differ in rake by ~25°. The shallower set of lineations (30±5° rake) closely matches the 34±8° rake of the 2010 slip vector we measured from displaced landforms. Thus, we conclude that the steeper and more poorly preserved set of lineations (55±10° rake) indicate the slip direction in the penultimate surface-rupturing event. To constrain displacement during the previous earthquake, we reconstructed the pre-rupture topography and collected profiles across a prominent paleo-fault scarp. These profiles yield an average throw of 3.3 m, from which we estimate an oblique right-normal displacement during the penultimate event of ~4 m along a slip vector plunging ~55° SE. Thus the penultimate event was probably similar in size to the 2010 earthquake, but occurred under somewhat different local stress conditions. Rupture mapping reveals that the amount and style of distributed deformation is dependent on the properties of the near-surface material through which a rupture propagates. Unsurprisingly, the greatest complexity occurs in the least consolidated material. At all locations studied, centimeter- to decimeter-scale distributed displacement is captured in the t-LiDAR data up to tens to hundreds of meters from the principle displacement zone. These observations raise the possibility that displacements measured across older fault scarps may be systematically underestimated. Recent advances in visualization and analytic techniques for high-resolution terrestrial LiDAR datasets improve our ability to use these data to advance understanding of topographically expressed geologic processes.

Gold, P. O.; Elliott, A. J.; Oskin, M. E.; Taylor, M. H.; Herrs, A. J.; Hinojosa, A.; Kreylos, O.; Bernardin, T. S.; Cowgill, E.

2010-12-01

37

Triggered surface slips in southern California associated with the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah, Baja California, Mexico, earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Triggered slip in the Yuha Desert area occurred along more than two dozen faults, only some of which were recognized before the April 4, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. From east to northwest, slip occurred in seven general areas: (1) in the Northern Centinela Fault Zone (newly named), (2) along unnamed faults south of Pinto Wash, (3) along the Yuha Fault (newly named), (4) along both east and west branches of the Laguna Salada Fault, (5) along the Yuha Well Fault Zone (newly revised name) and related faults between it and the Yuha Fault, (6) along the Ocotillo Fault (newly named) and related faults to the north and south, and (7) along the southeasternmost section of the Elsinore Fault. Faults that slipped in the Yuha Desert area include northwest-trending right-lateral faults, northeast-trending left-lateral faults, and north-south faults, some of which had dominantly vertical offset. Triggered slip along the Ocotillo and Elsinore Faults appears to have occurred only in association with the June 14, 2010 (Mw5.7), aftershock. This aftershock also resulted in slip along other faults near the town of Ocotillo. Triggered offset on faults in the Yuha Desert area was mostly less than 20 mm, with three significant exceptions, including slip of about 50–60 mm on the Yuha Fault, 40 mm on a fault south of Pinto Wash, and about 85 mm on the Ocotillo Fault. All triggered slips in the Yuha Desert area occurred along preexisting faults, whether previously recognized or not.

Rymer, Michael J.; Treiman, Jerome A.; Kendrick, Katherine J.; Lienkaemper, James J.; Weldon, Ray J.; Bilham, Roger; Wei, Meng; Fielding, Eric J.; Hernandez, Janis L.; Olson, Brian P. E.; Irvine, Pamela J.; Knepprath, Nichole; Sickler, Robert R.; Tong, Xiaopeng; Siem, Martin E.

2011-01-01

38

Mapping the El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Rupture Using Crusta, a New Virtual Globe for Remote Field Studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtual globes are becoming ubiquitous for visualizing the Earth and other planets. However, as earth scientists pursue methods to visually explore and interpret earth surface processes using sub-meter pixel resolution digital elevation models (DEM) and imagery data spanning large areas, limitations of the commonly used virtual globes have emerged. We developed Crusta as an alternative virtual globe that allows users to investigate such data by conducting interactive, real-time, virtual field mapping. Crusta represents the globe as a 30-sided polyhedron to avoid distortion, in particular, the singularities at the poles characteristic of other projections. Each side can be subdivided to an arbitrarily fine grid to accommodate DEM and image data of arbitrary resolution. A convenient pre-processing tool based on the GDAL library facilitates importing a number of data formats into the Crusta-specific multi-scale hierarchical format. We designed Crusta with a focus on dynamic, interactive exploration of data: vertical exaggeration, shading, color ramp application, and display, generation and editing of decorated vector lines are supported in real time, directly on the virtual 3D landscape. These powerful visualization and interaction capabilities enable fluid and intuitive exploration, assist discovery and interpretation, and provide detailed feature mapping. Currently, we are using Crusta to investigate LiDAR data collected after the 4 April 2010, Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in northern Mexico. We have generated a single dataset comprised of multiple layers of finer DEMs embedded in coarser ones: 1) tripod LiDAR covering about 2 km of the rupture zone at 3 cm/pixel; 2) aerial LiDAR covering almost the entire rupture zone (over 300 km2) at 50 cm/pixel; 3) ASTER 30 m/pixel over the California/Mexico border region; 4) NASA's BlueMarble Next Generation over the whole globe at about 500 km/pixel. The interactive capabilities of Crusta to visually explore this dataset and create accurate, high-quality 3D geologic maps of the fresh, meter-scale coseismic surface ruptures has potential to advance understanding of how earthquakes deform the Earth's surface.

Bernardin, T. S.; Gold, P. O.; Elliott, A. J.; Oskin, M. E.; Cowgill, E.; Kreylos, O.; Hamann, B.; Kellogg, L. H.

2010-12-01

39

Airborne and terrestrial lidar imaging and analysis of the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake rupture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report newly available data sets and preliminary analysis of ground- and airborne-lidar surveys of the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake rupture. The hyperarid setting and varied surficial geology of this complex rupture zone presents an ideal setting to advance the use of lidar in post-earthquake scientific response. Terrestrial lidar surveys commenced within two weeks of the earthquake and capture ephemeral geomorphic features of the rupture zone. We recorded approximately 2 km of rupture on the Borrego fault where oblique dextral slip approaches four meters. These data highlight fine-scale features such as centimeter-scale scarps, subtle warping of the ground surface, and striations on the exposed fault free-face. Airborne lidar surveys, collected mid-August, 2010, span the rupture zone for 100 km in a NW-SE direction, from just south of the international border to the tidal flats of the Colorado River delta at the head of the Gulf of California. 3.8 billion point measurements were obtained with an average density of 11 points per square meter. GPS ground control was provided from a combination of PBO stations north of the border and coordination with the occupation of post-earthquake campaign sites in the central and southern portions of the rupture zone. The 3 km average width of the survey captures the complexity of strain-transfer between the multiple fault segments that slipped in 2010, as well as the adjacent zone of surface ruptures attributed to the 1892 Laguna Salada earthquake. This data set provides a new basis for offset measurements to be compared against field data collected immediately following the 2010 earthquake. Quantitative comparison to lower-resolution, pre-event lidar collected by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) illuminates near-field distributed vertical deformation adjacent to the fault rupture. The southeastern half of the lidar survey spans a zone of cryptic dextral deformation, hosted within the thick sedimentary fill, where little surface evidence of tectonic deformation has been recovered to date. Here the lidar reveals a few linear zones of warping and minor surface ruptures that are likely faults. However the majority of dextral slip here appears to have been absorbed by distributed deformation of the sediments.

Oskin, M. E.; Gold, P. O.; Hinojosa, A.; Arrowsmith, R.; Elliott, A. J.; Taylor, M. H.; Herrs, A. J.; Sartori, M.; Gonzalez-Garcia, J. J.; Gonzalez, A.; Kreylos, O.; Cowgill, E.

2010-12-01

40

Coseismic and Postseismic Deformation Due to the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Detected by ALOS/PALSAR Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On April 4th, 2010, the Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake occurred in northeast Baja California, near the US-Mexico border. Since then, ALOS/PALSAR observed this region twenty times, which provides a rich data set to study the co- and post-seismic deformation. We first estimated the slip distribution and dip angle of the fault plane by inverting InSAR data with the method developed by Fukahata and Wright (2008). With this method, we can obtain the slip distribution on a plane fault and its dip angle simultaneously by minimizing the ABIC (Akaike's Bayesian Information Criterion). In southeastern area near the Gulf of California, we could recognize effects of liquefaction, so we did not use the data in such areas in the inversion. We assumed one sufficiently large rectangular plane fault and the strike is assumed to be 313 degrees from the north. After trials and errors, we restricted the search of the dip angle in a range of 30-90 degrees, dipping northeastward. The optimal dip angle was estimated 68 degrees, which is smaller than 82 degrees of the CMT solution (USGS). Right lateral strike slips with slight normal component were estimated, and the maximum slip of about 3m was obtained in the northwestern vicinity of the hypocenter. The total geodetic moment of our best-fitting model was in a good agreement with the seismic moment. In the postseismic period, we detected signals at two locations that can be attributed to postseismic deformation. First, we recognize some signals near the northwestern edge of the source fault in all the early postseismic interferograms (46 days after the earthquake) of both ascending and descending directions. In this area, the coseismic slip was estimated to be about 2m. We performed some forward calculations to confirm that this signal is not likely to be due to aftershocks. We computed the poroelastic deformation based on our coseismic slip model and found that the observed signal has the opposite sense. Moreover, a 2.5 dimensional analysis showed several centimeters of westward displacements, but almost none vertical component. These results suggest that this signal is due to an afterslip and/or visco-elastic response. The second postseismic signal is observed along Laguna Salada fault by a relatively long (half a year) descending interferogram. This signal is not well correlated with topography, which reduces the possibility of atmospheric noise. On the other hand, it can be reasonably explained by an afterslip above a large coseismic slip patch, although there still remains the possibility of atmospheric noise as only one interferogram captures this signal.

Okamoto, J.; Hashimoto, M.; Fukushima, Y.

2011-12-01

41

Range-front fault scarps of the Sierra El Mayor, Baja California: Formed above an active low-angle normal fault?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cañada David detachment, a west-dipping low-angle normal fault, juxtaposes Pliocene and Pleistocene(?) sedimentary units over sheared bedrock in the Sierra El Mayor, Baja California. Along the west-central range front, the detachment is overlapped by Quaternary alluvial fans that are, in turn, cut by fault scarps up to 7 m high. Map relationships suggest that scarp-forming faults may sole into

Gary J. Axen; John M. Fletcher; Eric Cowgill; Michael Murphy; Paul Kapp; Ian MacMillan; Ernesto Ramos-Velázquez; Jorge Aranda-Gómez

1999-01-01

42

SITUACIÓN SoCIoFAMILIAR, VALoRACIÓN FUNCIoNAL Y eNFeRMeDADeS PReVALeNTeS DeL ADULTo MAYoR QUe ACUDe A eSTABLeCIMIeNToS DeL PRIMeR NIVeL De ATeNCIÓN, CALLAo 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To determine social and familiy situation performing a functional assesment and looking for prevalent diseases in elderly subjects attending primary care health centres in Callao, Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study performed in 301 elderly subjects who were administered a questionnaire based on the form for the clinical assessment of aged persons established by the Peruvian Ministry of

Lourdes Ruiz-Dioses; Marisela Campos-León; Nelly Peña

43

Health impact assessment as an agent of policy change: improving the health impacts of the mayor of London's draft transport strategy  

PubMed Central

Objective: To increase the positive and mitigate the negative health impacts of the mayor's draft transport strategy for London. Design: A rapid prospective health impact assessment (HIA) of the penultimate draft of the strategy, using a review commissioned by the regional director of public health; an appraisal of congestion charging; and a participatory workshop. Two audits of changes were performed to assess the impact on policy of the HIA process. Setting: Regional government policy development. Intervention: Recommendations from the rapid HIA were fed back into the drafting process. Main outcome measure: Changes (a) between the penultimate draft and the draft for public consultation and (b) between that and the final mayoral strategy. Results: The draft transport strategy published for consultation differed in a number of respects from the previous version. Almost all the recommendations from the HIA were incorporated into the final strategy. Significant changes included promoting sustainable travel plans for workplaces and schools; giving priority to infrastructure and services that benefit London's deprived communities; increased emphasis on promoting walking and cycling and reducing reliance on private cars; and a commitment to track the health impacts of the final strategy and its implementation. Specific additions included re-allocating road space. Conclusion: HIA was successful in influencing the transport strategy for London, resulting in several improvements from a health viewpoint. HIA is an effective method both for bringing about significant change in policy proposals and in increasing policy makers' understanding of determinants of health and hence in changing attitudes of policy makers.

Mindell, J; Sheridan, L; Joffe, M; Samson-Barry, H; Atkinson, S

2004-01-01

44

Recent benthic foraminifers as indicators of the sedimentary dynamics of the Tina Mayor and Tina Menor estuaries (S Bay of Biscay, N Spain)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent benthic foraminifers from two estuaries in the North Spanish coastal region (Tina Mayor and Tina Menor) were analysed with the aim of characterising the ecology and dynamics of the different estuarine sub-environments. A total of 35 benthic foraminifer species were taxonomically determined in the Tina Mayor estuary, 22 of which contained living individuals during the sampling. For Tina Menor, there were 51 species, 30 of them biocenotic. The most abundant species in these estuaries were Ammonia tepida, Cribroelphidium williamsoni, Jadammina macrescens, Lobatula lobatula, Miliammina fusca, Rosalina globularis and Trochammina inflata. In Tina Menor, Haynesina germanica was also abundant. In the foraminifer assemblages, live (biocenotic) and dead (thanatocenotic) specimens were differentiated and processed statistically by a multivariate cluster-Q type analysis and detrended correspondence ordination analysis (DCA). Groupings of biocenotic assemblages were obtained for both estuaries indicating an ecologic separation of marine mouth, low and high marsh and zones with strong salinity oscillations in these estuaries. Thanatocenotic groupings, nevertheless, showed a different organisation of that of the ecologic groups, which were indicative of a transport of individuals from the mouth to the inner/mid estuary locations, along the main and/or secondary channels of these estuaries. Local differences between Tina Mayor and Tina Menor can be explained by the different physiographies of the estuary as a consequence of the different geological/sedimentological histories of both estuaries. Benthic foraminifer assemblages are distributed in the estuary following three zones: an outer estuary having marine characteristics with L. lobatula and R. globularis, a mid estuary, including a subtidal mudflat with variable salinity (A. tepida, C. williamsoni) and a marsh (J. macrescens, M. fusca and T. inflata), which is different in both estuaries. Tina Mayor is filled with more sediment, and it has a reduced mudflat and a large high marsh located above the MHW (Mean High Waters), where T. inflata is the species marker of the intervals between the MHW and MHWST (Mean High Waters Spring Tides) levels. In Tina Menor, estuary mudflats crossed with brackish secondary channels (with H. germanica) below MHWNT (Mean High Waters Neap Tides) are more developed, though the environments of low marsh with scarce vegetation (with M. fusca) are dominant in intervals between MHWNT and MHW. The relative abundance of M. fusca, particularly in the mid estuary, differentiates Tina Mayor and Tina Menor from other estuaries of Cantabria. Biocenotic and thanatocenotic assemblages show a general similarity in both estuaries (Sanders's index, > 70%). Samples with low similarity are evidence of the effect of post-mortem transport mostly produced by suspension. The percentage of exotic specimens is always less than 35%, supporting the mesotidal characteristic of both estuaries. The present results confirm the value of benthic foraminifers as markers of estuarine sub-environments, supporting their value for detecting changes in past estuarine environments.

Rodriguez-Lazaro, J.; Pascual, A.; García, B. Martínez

2013-01-01

45

The 2010 M w 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Sequence, Baja California, Mexico and Southernmost California, USA: Active Seismotectonics along the Mexican Pacific Margin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake sequence started with a few foreshocks in March 2010, and a second sequence of 15 foreshocks of M > 2 (up to M4.4) that occurred during the 24 h preceding the mainshock. The foreshocks occurred along a north-south trend near the mainshock epicenter. The M w 7.2 mainshock on April 4 exhibited complex faulting, possibly starting with a ~M6 normal faulting event, followed ~15 s later by the main event, which included simultaneous normal and right-lateral strike-slip faulting. The aftershock zone extends for 120 km from the south end of the Elsinore fault zone north of the US-Mexico border almost to the northern tip of the Gulf of California. The waveform-relocated aftershocks form two abutting clusters, each about 50 km long, as well as a 10 km north-south aftershock zone just north of the epicenter of the mainshock. Even though the Baja California data are included, the magnitude of completeness and the hypocentral errors increase gradually with distance south of the international border. The spatial distribution of large aftershocks is asymmetric with five M5+ aftershocks located to the south of the mainshock, and only one M5.7 aftershock, but numerous smaller aftershocks to the north. Further, the northwest aftershock cluster exhibits complex faulting on both northwest and northeast planes. Thus, the aftershocks also express a complex pattern of stress release along strike. The overall rate of decay of the aftershocks is similar to the rate of decay of a generic California aftershock sequence. In addition, some triggered seismicity was recorded along the Elsinore and San Jacinto faults to the north, but significant northward migration of aftershocks has not occurred. The synthesis of the El Mayor-Cucapah sequence reveals transtensional regional tectonics, including the westward growth of the Mexicali Valley and the transfer of Pacific-North America plate motion from the Gulf of California in the south into the southernmost San Andreas fault system to the north. We propose that the location of the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah, as well as the 1992 Landers and 1999 Hector Mine earthquakes, may have been controlled by the bends in the plate boundary.

Hauksson, Egill; Stock, Joann; Hutton, Kate; Yang, Wenzheng; Vidal-Villegas, J. Antonio; Kanamori, Hiroo

2011-08-01

46

Range-front fault scarps of the Sierra El Mayor, Baja California: Formed above an active low-angle normal fault?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Cañada David detachment, a west-dipping low-angle normal fault, juxtaposes Pliocene and Pleistocene(?) sedimentary units over sheared bedrock in the Sierra El Mayor, Baja California. Along the west-central range front, the detachment is overlapped by Quaternary alluvial fans that are, in turn, cut by fault scarps up to 7 m high. Map relationships suggest that scarp-forming faults may sole into the detachment at very shallow depth (<200 300 m). Palinspastic restoration of a topographic profile across 15 north-striking scarps suggests that the ratio of net heave to net throw along scarp-forming faults is ˜2, consistent with them soling into a low-angle (˜30°) fault. These 15 scarps may have all formed in one earthquake, with rupture propagation from depth to the near-surface aided by clay gouge along the detachment. The detachment is abandoned in the footwall east of the scarps.

Axen, Gary J.; Fletcher, John M.; Cowgill, Eric; Murphy, Michael; Kapp, Paul; MacMillan, Ian; Ramos-Velázquez, Ernesto; Aranda-Gómez, Jorge

1999-03-01

47

Correlation of Peak Dynamic and Static Coulomb Failure Stress with Seismicity Rate Change after the M7.2 EL Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated the relation between the April 4 Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake and seismicity rate changes in southern California and northern Baja California in the months following the mainshock. Specifically, we use a dynamic rupture model with observational constraints for the event simulated in the SCEC 3D CVM4.0 (Roten and Olsen, 2009) to calculate the changes in the resulting static (dCFS) and dynamic Coulomb failure stress, parameterized by its largest positive amplitude (peak dCFS(t)). We employ a modified cross correlation between the seismicity rate change (for both undeclustered and declustered catalogs) and both dCFS and peak dCFS(t) in time and space (as used by Kilb et. al, 2002). We find that the correlation parameter is greater for peak dCFS(t) compared to dCFS and highest for periods after the mainshock of longer than 1 week for dCFS, and a maximum at 1 month for peak dCFS(t). We perform this analysis using both CVM-4 and CVM-H, investigating, in particular, which model better describes the increased seismicity NW of the rupture. The stress changes are rotated onto the focal mechanism of the June 15, 2010 Mw5.7 aftershock as well as onto optimum oriented planes (King, 1994). For regionally rotated stresses we find that while the dCFS values are very similar for the two CVMs, the corresponding peak dCFS(t) values are noticeably different. In particular, CVM-H generates a lobe of (directivity-induced) large peak dCFS(t) between the Elsinore and San Jacinto Faults toward the Los Angeles basin not present in the results from CVM-4. However, both CVMs produce similar peak dCFS(t) lobes near San Diego. Finally, we searched for threshold levels of dCFS and peak dCFS(t) that may be required to trigger earthquakes/aftershocks of different magnitude that might provide clues to earthquake prediction; we found a possible peak dCFS(t) threshold value of 0.7 bars for aftershocks (>4000) in regions of positive static stress. Peak dynamic stress change (in bars) calculated from CVM-4 for the April 4 Mw7.2 El Mayor- Cucapah earthquake, rotated onto a strike of 310 degrees, corresponding to the rupture of the Mw 5.72 June 15, 2010 event (epicenter depicted by the white star, mainshock by black star).

Withers, K.; Olsen, K. B.

2012-12-01

48

Static Rupture Model of the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake from ALOS, ENVISAT, SPOT and GPS Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The April 4, 2010 "Easter Sunday" earthquake on the US-Mexico border was the largest event to strike Southern California in the last 18 years. The earthquake occurred on a northwest trending fault close to, but not coincident with the identified 1892 Laguna Salada rupture. We investigate coseismic deformation due to the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery form ENVISAT and ALOS satellites, optical imagery from SPOT-5 satellite, and continuous and campaign GPS data. The earliest campaign postseismic GPS survey was conducted within days after the earthquake, and provided the near-field cosesmic offsets. Along-track SAR interferograms and amplitude cross-correlation of optical images reveal a relatively simple continuous fault trace with maximum offsets of the order of 3 meters. This is in contrast to the results of geological mapping that portrayed a complex broad zone of distributed faulting. Also, SAR data indicate that the rupture propagated bi-laterally from the epicenter near the town of Durango both to the North-West into the Cucapah mountains and to the South-East into the Mexically valley. The inferred South-East part of the rupture was subsequently field-checked and associated with several fresh scarps, although overall the earthquake fault does not have a conspicuous surface trace South-East of the hypocenter. It is worth noting that the 2010 earthquake propagated into stress shadows of prior events - the Laguna Salada earthquake that ruptured the North-West part of the fault in 1892, and several M6+ earthquakes that ruptured the South-East part of the fault over the last century. Analysis of the coseismic displacement field at the Earth's surface (in particular, the full 3-component displacement field retrieved from SAR and optical imagery) shows a pronounced asymmetry in horizontal displacements across both nodal planes. The maximum displacements are observed in the North-Eastern and South-Western quadrants. This pattern cannot be explained by oblique slip on a quasi-planar fault. Multi-parametric inversions of the space geodetic data suggest that the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake occurred on a helix-shaped rupture, with Eastward dip in the Northern section and Westward dip in the Southern section. This interpretation is consistent with field observations of the surface rupture and aftershock data, and provides an explanation for a strong non-double-couple component suggested by the seismic moment tensor solution. The total geodetic moment of our best-fitting model is in a good agreement with the seismic moment. We will also discuss effects of the elastic structure on the inferred static rupture model, and observations of early postseismic deformation.

Fialko, Y.; Gonzalez, A.; Gonzalez-Garcia, J. J.; Barbot, S.; Leprince, S.; Sandwell, D. T.; Agnew, D. C.

2010-12-01

49

The 2010 Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Sequence, Baja California, Mexico and Southernmost California, USA: Active Seismotectonics Along the Mexican Pacific Margin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake sequence started with preshocks in March 2010, and a sequence of 15 foreshocks of M>2 (up to M4.4) that occurred during the 24 hours preceding the mainshock. The foreshocks occurred along a north-south trend near the mainshock epicenter. The Mw7.2 mainshock that occurred on the 4th of April exhibited complex faulting, possibly starting with a ~M6 normal faulting event, followed ~15 sec later by the main event, which included simultaneous normal and right-lateral strike-slip faulting. The aftershock zone extends for 120 km from the south end of the Elsinore fault zone at the US-Mexico border almost to the northern tip of the Gulf of California. The waveform-relocated aftershocks form two abutting clusters, of about equal length of 50 km each, as well as a 10 km north-south aftershock zone just north of the epicenter of the mainshock. Even though the Baja California data are included, the magnitude of completeness and the hypocentral errors increase gradually with distance to the south of the international border. The spatial distribution of large aftershocks is asymmetric with five M5+ aftershocks located to the south of the mainshock, and only one M5.7 aftershock but numerous smaller aftershocks to the north. Further, the northwest aftershock cluster exhibits complex faulting on both northwest and northeast planes. Thus the aftershocks also express a complex pattern of stress release along strike. The overall rate of decay of the aftershocks is similar to the rate of decay of a generic California aftershock sequence. In addition, some triggered seismicity was recorded along the Elsinore and San Jacinto faults to the north but significant northward migration of aftershocks has not occurred. The synthesis of the El Mayor-Cucapah sequence reveals transtensional regional tectonics, including the westward growth of the Mexicali Valley as well as how Pacific North America plate motion is transferred from the Gulf of California in the south into the southernmost San Andreas fault system to the north.

Hauksson, E.; Stock, J.; Hutton, K.; Yang, W.; Vidal-Villegas, A.; Kanamori, H.

2010-12-01

50

Damage from the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, April 2010: Why society cannot afford to ignore seismic risks to agricultural regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010 in Mexico’s Baja California caused extensive damage to the agricultural area of Mexicali Valley. The damage included wide-spread liquefaction and lateral spreading which destroyed or damaged irrigation canals. Without water, wheat, alfalfa, and other crops were lost. Fields were cut by fissures and partially buried by massive sand blows. Regional tilting from the earthquake was a serious issue for the gravity-controlled irrigation system. Ruptured canals and groundwater from sand blows flooded fields, roads, and towns. Flooding further damaged crops and brought contamination with it. Fissures and scarps through farm communities cracked buildings; ruptured water, sewer, and other pipelines; and made roads temporarily difficult to pass. Economically, farmers, seasonal farm workers, and agricultural suppliers were affected; reducing their ability to consume the goods and services of businesses unrelated to agriculture. Similar damage was observed in earlier earthquakes over the past 100 years. Society quickly forgets how the earth responds to strong shaking. We hope to provide a vivid portrait of this agricultural disaster so that other farming communities prone to strong seismic shaking may visualize what can happen from their own inevitable future earthquake. Fissure and sand blows southeast of Cucapah, Baja California, April 16, 2010. Heavily damaged irrigation canal northwest of Zacamoto, Baja California, April 15, 2010.

Stenner, H. D.; Mathieson, E. L.; Okubo, S.; Anderson, R.; Rodriguez C., M. A.

2010-12-01

51

Aftershocks of the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake reveal complex faulting in the Yuha Desert, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We detect and precisely locate over 9500 aftershocks that occurred in the Yuha Desert region during a 2 month period following the 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake. Events are relocated using a series of absolute and relative relocation procedures that include Hypoinverse, Velest, and hypoDD. Location errors are reduced to ˜40 m horizontally and ˜120 m vertically. Aftershock locations reveal a complex pattern of faulting with en echelon fault segments trending toward the northwest, approximately parallel to the North American-Pacific plate boundary and en echelon, conjugate features trending to the northeast. The relocated seismicity is highly correlated with published surface mapping of faults that experienced triggered surface slip in response to the EMC main shock. Aftershocks occurred between 2 km and 11 km depths, consistent with previous studies of seismogenic thickness in the region. Three-dimensional analysis reveals individual and intersecting fault planes that are limited in their along-strike length. These fault planes remain distinct structures at depth, indicative of conjugate faulting, and do not appear to coalesce onto a throughgoing fault segment. We observe a complex spatiotemporal migration of aftershocks, with seismicity that jumps between individual fault segments that are active for only a few days to weeks. Aftershock rates are roughly consistent with the expected earthquake production rates of Dieterich (1994). The conjugate pattern of faulting and nonuniform aftershock migration patterns suggest that strain in the Yuha Desert is being accommodated in a complex manner.

Kroll, Kayla A.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Richards-Dinger, Keith B.; Sumy, Danielle F.

2013-12-01

52

Seismicity rate changes in the Salton Sea Geothermal Field and the San Jacinto Fault Zone after the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Whether static or dynamic stress changes play the most important role in triggering earthquakes in the near field is still in debate. Here, we examine the seismicity rate changes in southern California following the 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. We focus on the Salton Sea Geothermal Field (SSGF) and the San Jacinto Fault Zone (SJFZ) because of high-sensitivity continuous borehole recordings and ample background seismicity. A significant increase in seismic activity is found in both study regions immediately following the main shock. However, near the SSGF where the static Coulomb stress decreased, the seismicity rate dropped below the pre-main-shock rate after ˜1 month. In comparison, along the SJFZ with an increase in the static Coulomb stress, the seismicity rate remained higher than the background rate with several moderate-size earthquakes occurring in the subsequent months. While we cannot completely rule out other mechanisms, these observations are best consistent with a widespread increase in seismicity from dynamic stress changes immediately after the main shock, and longer term seismicity rate changes from static stress changes. Our observation, together with other recent studies, suggests that both static and dynamic stress changes are important in triggering near-field earthquakes, but their affected regions and timescales are different.

Meng, Xiaofeng; Peng, Zhigang

2014-06-01

53

Strategies, Programs and Projects 2008 of the Astrophysical Group "SPACE-Universidad Nacional Mayor De San Marcos, Peru" - Preparing for the IYA2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a review of our efforts to introduce astronomy as scientific career in Peru, showing how our astronomy outreach programs have been one of the most important keys to reach our national astronomical scientific goals, remarking the crucial role that the celebration of the IYA2009 must play, in order to promote PhD programmes in astronomy in developing countries. We show the importance of the creation of the Seminario Permanente de Astronomía y Ciencias Espaciales (SPACE) in the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, as an academic scientific and cultural center in Peru, to support our 26 years-old "Astronomical Fridays” which are addressed to wide range of public, from schoolchildren to scientists. We also show how important was to rediscover our ancient astronomical cultural past of Incas in order to promote the construction of a Astronomical Center located near Cusco city over 4000 meters above sea level, which includes a tourist-educational observatory, a scientific optical observatory and a solar radio observatory.

Vera, Victor; Aguilar, M.; Huisacayna, J.

2008-05-01

54

El Mayor-Cucapah (Mw 7.2) earthquake: Early near-field postseismic deformation from InSAR and GPS observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mayor-Cucapah earthquake occurred on 4 April 2010 in northeastern Baja California just south of the U.S.-Mexico border. The earthquake ruptured several previously mapped faults, as well as some unidentified ones, including the Pescadores, Borrego, Paso Inferior and Paso Superior faults in the Sierra Cucapah, and the Indiviso fault in the Mexicali Valley and Colorado River Delta. We conducted several Global Positioning System (GPS) campaign surveys of preexisting and newly established benchmarks within 30 km of the earthquake rupture. Most of the benchmarks were occupied within days after the earthquake, allowing us to capture the very early postseismic transient motions. The GPS data show postseismic displacements in the same direction as the coseismic displacements; time series indicate a gradual decay in postseismic velocities with characteristic time scales of 66 ± 9 days and 20 ± 3 days, assuming exponential and logarithmic decay, respectively. We also analyzed interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the Envisat and ALOS satellites. The main deformation features seen in the line-of-sight displacement maps indicate subsidence concentrated in the southern and northern parts of the main rupture, in particular at the Indiviso fault, at the Laguna Salada basin, and at the Paso Superior fault. We show that the near-field GPS and InSAR observations over a time period of 5 months after the earthquake can be explained by a combination of afterslip, fault zone contraction, and a possible minor contribution of poroelastic rebound. Far-field data require an additional mechanism, most likely viscoelastic relaxation in the ductile substrate.

Gonzalez-Ortega, Alejandro; Fialko, Yuri; Sandwell, David; Alejandro Nava-Pichardo, F.; Fletcher, John; Gonzalez-Garcia, Javier; Lipovsky, Brad; Floyd, Michael; Funning, Gareth

2014-02-01

55

3-D Deformation Field Of The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (Mexico) Earthquake From Matching Before To After Aerial Lidar Point Clouds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake (EMCE) of 4 April 2010 generated a ~110 km long, NW-SE trending rupture, with normal and right-lateral slip in the order of 2-3m in the Sierra Cucapah, the northern half, where the surface rupture has the most outstanding expression. Vertical and horizontal surface displacements produced by the EMCE have been addressed separately by other authors with a variety of aerial and satellite remote sensing techniques. Slip variation along fault and post-seismic scarp erosion and diffusion have been estimated in other studies using terrestrial LiDAR (TLS) on segments of the rupture. To complement these other studies, we computed the 3D deformation field by comparing pre- to post-event point clouds from aerial LiDAR surveys. The pre-event LiDAR with lower point density (0.013-0.033 pts m-2) required filtering and post-processing before comparing with the denser (9-18 pts m-2) more accurate post event dataset. The 3-dimensional surface displacement field was determined using an adaptation of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm, implemented in the open source Point Cloud Library (PCL). The LiDAR datasets are first split into a grid of windows, and for each one, ICP iteratively converges on the rigid body transformation (comprising a translation and a rotation) that best aligns the pre- to post-event points. Testing on synthetic datasets perturbed with displacements of known magnitude showed that windows with dimensions of 100-200m gave the best results for datasets with these densities. Here we present the deformation field with detailed displacements in segments of the surface rupture where its expression was recognized by ICP from the point cloud matching, mainly the scarcely vegetated Sierra Cucapah with the Borrego and Paso Superior fault segments the most outstanding, where we are able to compare our results with values measured in the field and results from TLS reported in other works. EMC simulated displacement field for a 2m right lateral normal (east block down) slip on the pre-event point cloud along the Borrego fault on Sierra Cucapah. Shaded DEM from post-event point cloud as backdrop.

Hinojosa-Corona, A.; Nissen, E.; Arrowsmith, R.; Krishnan, A. K.; Saripalli, S.; Oskin, M. E.; Arregui, S. M.; Limon, J. F.

2012-12-01

56

Coupling of Pore Pressure and Ground Motion Data Recorded During the 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (Baja California) Earthquake at the NEES@UCSB Wildlife Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pore pressure built up during an earthquake and the hazard associated with soil liquefaction present a major challenge for our society, as was dramatically displayed during the 2011 Higashi Nihon Daishinsai (Tohoku-oki, Japan) earthquake. Currently, there is a consensus among scientists that a better assessment of the risk associated with liquefaction requires a better understanding of the coupling between pore pressure time histories and ground motion time histories. Specifically, there is a basic need to investigate the coupling as a function of the frequency content of the ground motion. The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (Baja California) earthquake (M 7.2) provides a remarkable opportunity to undertake such an investigation and lay the basis to model the coupling. The event was well recorded at the NEES@UCSB Wildlife station located 110 km from the hypocenter. The station is equipped with three-component strong-motion accelerometers at the surface and in boreholes at various depths and with pore pressure transducers located in a saturated, liquefiable layer. The recorded pore pressure and ground motion time histories are both characterized by a frequency content that is a function of time. A wavelet representation is a natural approach to investigate non-stationary time histories. To study the coupling between two signals we use the following procedure: We first compute the wavelet coefficients associated with the two signals. Then we compute the correlation between the wavelet coefficients of the two signals as a function of the frequency. Correlation coefficients provide information about the degree of linear dependence between the two signals. To account for the presence of multiplicative constants relating the wavelet coefficients of the first signal to the wavelet coefficients of the second signal, we compare the square norm of the wavelet coefficients of the two signals for the available frequency range. Additionally, investigating the distribution of the square norm of the wavelet coefficients as a function of the frequencies allows the identification of the dominant wavelet coefficients necessary to reconstruct the signal. We discuss the procedure outlined above for the following cases: when the two signals correspond to two ground motion time histories located at different depths; when the two signals correspond to two pore pressure time histories located at different depths; and when one of the two signals corresponds to a ground motion time history and the second corresponds to pore pressure both (approximately) recorded at the same depth.

Lavallee, D.; Seale, S. H.; Steidl, J. H.

2011-12-01

57

As the mayor of Detroit inks a deal with the state of Michigan, there is a new sense of hope in the Motor City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Deal Might Be The Key to Save Detroithttp://www.npr.org/2012/04/06/150129157/deal-might-be-the-key-to-save-detroitBlotting-Not Squatting-In Detroit Neighborhoodshttp://www.npr.org/2011/12/05/142341520/blotting-not-squatting-in-detroit-neighborhoodsDetroit right to accept agreementhttp://www.thetimesherald.com/article/20120410/OPINION01/304100010DSO outlook upbeat, but funding worries persisthttp://www.detroitnews.com/article/20120410/ENT01/204100358/DSO-outlook-upbeat--but-funding-worries-persistDetroit Can't Waithttp://www.michigan.gov/detroitcantwaitThe city of Detroit has faced a wide range of troubles over the past several decades, including significant population losses, a declining tax base, and the economic restructuring and reconfiguration of its primary industry, automobile manufacturing. This past week, Mayor Dave Bing signed an agreement with Governor Rick Snyder that will prevent the city from having to declare bankruptcy, which seemed like a solution that was in the best interest of many stakeholders, including residents of the Motor City. The city currently holds long-term debt that is close to $12 billion, and the hope is that this cooperative agreement will address the city's long-term fiscal problems. As part of his commitment to the process, Governor Snyder launched a website ("Detroit Can't Wait") that states that "in the short term the streetlights are on at night and the trash is picked up." The city will also have to review long-term contracts and agreements with a number of its unionized employees, which may also be a difficult and involved process. The city can ill afford to wait to move forward, as without new loans Detroit will run out of cash in mid-May.The first link leads to a piece from last week's The Economist which talks about Detroit's recent financial woes. The second link will take visitors to a good report on the recent deal between the city and the state government filed by NPR as part of their "Tell Me More" series. The third link will whisk users away to a piece on "blotting" in Detroit. As the NPR feature describes it, "blotting" is the process by which some Detroit residents are annexing vacant lots around their own property and making use of this otherwise abandoned land. The fourth link leads to an editorial from this Monday's Port Huron Times Herald on this recent decision that notes that "the troubled city [Detroit] truly has embarked on the long road to right itself." Moving along, the fifth link leads to a piece from this Tuesday's Detroit News about the financial situation of the world-famous Detroit Symphony Orchestra. The last link will take interested parties to the website created by Governor Snyder to inform Michigan residents and members of the public about the ongoing situation in Detroit regarding the city's financial health.

Grinnell, Max

2012-04-13

58

The Slow and Bilateral Rupture Process of the 2010 M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Inferred from Local and Teleseismic Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2010 M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake was recorded by a wealth of seismic instrumentation at a variety of distances from the event. Here we investigate the source process of this earthquake with a number of approaches applied to local strong-motion data from the Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN) in the U.S. and CICESE in Mexico, and teleseismic data from the Global Seismic Network (GSN) and the Japanese Hi-net array. Strong-motion data from northwest of the hypocenter show that: (a-1) weak phases follow the first S arrival; and (a-2) a sharp and narrow pulse is found about 20 s after the first S arrival. This can be interpreted as the signature of initial backward directivity followed by forward directivity. The slip inversion study using SCSN and CICESE strong-motion data indicates that: (b-1) the earthquake starts with a bilateral rupture; (b-2) at first the rupture propagates mainly southwestward, while the slip northwest of the hypocenter is slow; (b-3) around 20 - 25 s, the rupture propagating southwestward declines, but the rupture propagating northwestward becomes strong; (b-4) from 25 s to 40 s, large slip occurs 40 - 60 km northwest of the hypocenter; and (b-5) the average rupture velocity is 2.0 km/s or slower. We also perform deconvolution experiments using the teleseismic Hi-net data to estimate the high-frequency source-time function of the mainshock. The P waveforms of the mainshock and a smaller nearby event (M 5.8) are obtained by stacking the Hi-net data, and the source time function is estimated through deconvolution. The results show: (c-1) the source duration is 40 - 50 s; and (c-2) there are energy bursts from 25 s to 40 s. A back-projection approach using high-frequency teleseismic P waves suggests that: (d-1) the rupture is bilateral; (d-2) a large burst of energy at about 20 - 30 s is generated near a point about 50 km northwest of the hypocenter; and (d-3) the average rupture velocity is about 2.0 km/s. The results of these four approaches are consistent. At first, the rupture propagates bilaterally (shown above as b-1 and d-1). In the first 20 s, the rupture propagating southeastward is dominant (a-1 and b-2). After a secondary onset around 25 s, the rupture propagating northwestward gets bigger (a-2, b-3, c-2, and d-2). The source duration is at least 40 s (b-4 and d-2) and the average rupture velocity is around 2.0 km/s (b-5 and d-3), smaller than the usual value (~ 0.8 Vs). The slow and heterogeneous rupture process inferred from the various approaches should help in understanding the fault properties of this earthquake, which also reflect the aftershock distribution.

Uchide, T.; Shearer, P. M.

2010-12-01

59

Ensino de astronomia no 1o. e 2o. ciclos do nível fundamental e na educação de jovens e adultos: exemplos e discussões  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tem-se constatado uma preocupante carência no ensino de astronomia nos diversos níveis de escolaridade. Neste trabalho discutimos várias práticas didático-pedagógicas que vimos desenvolvendo para crianças, jovens e adultos em processo de alfabetização, visando contribuir para reparar aquela carência. Propomos uma metodologia que incorpora as recentes exigências das políticas públicas educacionais, estimula o desenvolvimento de textos e materiais instrucionais, é compatível com a realidade desse público e é adaptável às respectivas faixas etárias. A observação do céu sempre esteve presente na vida de nossos antepassados, dando suporte à compreensão do ser humano como integrante da natureza. Visamos com este trabalho suprir a deficiência encontrada para se tratar a relação do ser humano com o céu, no ambiente escolar. Os resultados são animadores e envolvem práticas e textos que desenvolvemos e atividades realizadas pelos alunos. No primeiro grupo destacamos o desenvolvimento de várias práticas: "viagem aos planetas" (construímos o "foguete", os planetas em escala, contamos história e redigimos texto de orientação para os professores); "gnômon humano" (os próprios corpos dos alunos são usados para registrar o movimento aparente do Sol); "crateras da Lua" (concretização de "meteoritos" e "solo lunar" de gesso e exploração da relação entre energia cinética do bólido e tamanho da cratera formada); etc. No segundo grupo, produções de desenhos e redações e discussões dos alunos após a realização de cada prática, revelam que estas têm se mostrado muito eficientes, tanto para estimular a imaginação e a fantasia dos envolvidos, como para trabalhar-se habilidades, competências e conteúdos relacionados à astronomia, segundo uma perspectiva interdisciplinar contextualizada. (PPGECNM/UFRN; NUPA/USP; Temáticos/FAPESP)

Queiroz, A. S. B.; Jafelice, L. C.

2003-08-01

60

Structural Controls on the Surface Rupture Associated with the Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake of 4 April 2010: A Comparative Analysis of Scarp Array Kinematics, Orientation, Lithology and Width  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake revealed the existence of a previously unidentified plate-margin fault system that extends 120 km from the northern tip of the Gulf of California to the international border. The system is composed of at least 6 major faults linked by numerous smaller faults. We observed that localized kinematics on individual faults vary systematically with fault orientation. Faults with strikes ranging from N72W-N68W, N67W-N13W, N12W-N08W and N07W-N47E have kinematics dominated by dextral, oblique-dextral normal, normal, and oblique normal-sinistral shear, respectively. Stress inversion of the kinematic data yields high phi values (0.65-0.8) with sigma-1 close in magnitude to sigma-2 and sigma-3 oriented sub-horizontally with an azimuth of S80W. This demonstrates that kinematic variations of the 2010 rupture are most strongly controlled by regional stress related to transtensional shearing between the Pacific and North American plates. Detailed mapping of the surface rupture through the Sierra Cucapah demonstrates that scarp array width (or total local width of the rupture zone) ranges from 5 to 400 m and varies systematically with rock type, fault orientation, and fault kinematics. We classified seventy-one discrete fault segments according to the lithologies they juxtapose and in general scarp-array width increases in the following order: basement-on-basement, sediment-on-basement and sediment-on-sediment faults. Dips of the master faults vary from 30° to 85° and this parameter shows the strongest correlation with scarp array width, which increases dramatically with more shallowly dipping master faults. When faults are classified by both lithology and dip, interesting patterns emerge to show systematic variations in width with strike. Sediment-on-sediment faults that dip greater than 45° show a sinusoidal variation of strike versus width. Width is minimized with faults that strike ~N68W and ~N08W, which correspond well with the orientations of pure dextral and pure normal slip, respectively. Width is maximized with faults that strike ~N30W, which correspond well with the orientations of oblique dextral-normal slip. Therefore, scarp array width increases with the increasing kinematic complexity of oblique slip. Based on stress inversion, the oblique slip segments have higher shear stress, which we conclude is an important factor controlling scarp array width. The predictive power resulting from this parametric analysis may allow refined assessments of future fault surface rupture hazards for critical facilities and lifeline fault crossings.

Teran, O. J.; Fletcher, J. M.; Rockwell, T. K.; Hudnut, K. W.; Oskin, M. E.; Akciz, S. O.; Elliott, A. J.; Gold, P. O.; Liu, J.; Manjarrez Juarez, U. R.; Mendoza-Borunda, R.; Morelan, A. E.; Spelz, R.

2013-05-01

61

Present-day loading rate of faults in southern California and northern Baja California, Mexico, and post-seismic deformation following the M7.2 April 4, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake from GPS Geodesy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use 142 GPS velocity estimates from the SCEC Crustal Motion Map 4 and 59 GPS velocity estimates from additional sites to model the crustal velocity field of southern California, USA, and northern Baja California, Mexico, prior to the 2010 April 4 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake. The EMC earthquake is the largest event to occur along the southern San Andreas fault system in nearly two decades. In the year following the EMC earthquake, the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) constructed eight new continuous GPS sites in northern Baja California, Mexico. We used our velocity model, which represents the period before the EMC earthquake, to assess postseismic velocity changes at the new PBO sites. Time series from the new PBO sites, which were constructed 4-18 months following the earthquake do not exhibit obvious exponential or logarithmic decay, showing instead fairly secular trends through the period of our analysis (2010.8-2012.5). The weighted RMS misfit to secular rates, accounting for periodic site motions is typically around 1.7 mm/yr, indicating high positioning precision and fairly linear site motion. Results of our research include new fault slip rate estimates for the greater San Andreas fault system, including model faults representing the Cerro Prieto (39.0±0.1 mm/yr), Imperial (35.7±0.1 mm/yr), and southernmost San Andreas (24.7±0.1 mm/yr), generally consistent with previous geodetic studies within the region. Velocity changes at the new PBO sites associated with the EMC earthquake are in the range 1.7±0.3 to 9.2±2.6 mm/yr. The maximum rate difference is found in Mexicali Valley, close to the rupture. Rate changes decay systematically with distance from the EMC epicenter and velocity orientations exhibit a butterfly pattern as expected from a strike slip earthquake. Sites to the south and southwest of the Baja California shear zone are moving more rapidly to the northwest relative to their motions prior to the earthquake. Sites to the west of the Laguna Salada fault zone are moving more westerly. Sites to the east of the EMC rupture move more southerly than prior to the EMC earthquake. Continued monitoring of these velocity changes will allow us to differentiate between lower crustal and upper mantle relaxation processes.

Spinler, J. C.; Bennett, R. A.

2012-12-01

62

Observations and Modeling of the Mw 7.2 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake with Real-Time High-Rate GPS and Accelerometer Data: Implications for Earthquake Early Warning and Rapid Response (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mw 7.2 April 4, 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake demonstrated convincingly the power of dense near-source, high-rate, real-time GPS networks for earthquake early warning and rapid earthquake response. With funding from NASA’s Advanced Information System Technologies (AIST) program, a robust set of 1 Hz data was collected from over 100 California Real Time Network (CRTN) GPS stations in southern California with a latency of about 0.4 seconds. These data were inverted to provide on-the-fly total displacement waveforms, which captured the propagation of the S-wave through the southern California crust at stations up to 450 km from the epicenter. By “total displacement” we mean direct measurement of both static and dynamic displacements, previously relegated separately to geodesy and seismology, respectively. While most broadband seismic stations clipped for this earthquake, including the Pinyon Flat Observatory (PFO) about 180 km from the epicenter (although accelerometers at the same sites did not), the real-time GPS stations did not saturate and continued to provide on-scale data. A special portlet was set up on the GPS Explorer data portal (http://geodemo-c.ucsd.edu/gridsphere/gridsphere) with information on our response to this event. In addition, three component 1 Hz seismograms of CRTN GPS stations for this earthquake were made available in SAC format at the Southern California Earthquake Data Center (see link below). We discuss lessons learned from this earthquake, in terms of earthquake early warning, on-the-fly optimal combination of GPS and accelerometer data, near-real-time estimation of earthquake magnitude and source parameters, and rapid static and time-dependent earthquake modeling to allow first responders and researchers to pinpoint regions of highest damage. We also discuss ways to better coordinate cross-community (Geodesy-Seismology) data dissemination challenges during large events that arise from practical considerations but also because of the fundamental differences between GPS time series derivation and seismic data recording. One of the differences is the noise on seismic recordings is usually considered to be uncorrelated between seismograms, but with high-rate GPS, it is highly correlated.

Bock, Y.; Crowell, B. W.; Kedar, S.; Melgar Moctezuma, D.; Squibb, M. B.; Webb, F.; Yu, E.; Clayton, R. W.

2010-12-01

63

B4 2 After, 3D Deformation Field From Matching Pre- To Post-Event Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds, The 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah M7.2 Earthquake Case  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aerial LiDAR surveys reconstruct with amazing fidelity the sinuosity of terrain relief. In this research we explore the 3D deformation field at the surface after a big earthquake (M7.2) by comparing pre- to post-event aerial LiDAR point clouds. The April 4 2010 earthquake produced a NW-SE surface rupture ~110km long with right-lateral normal slip up to 3m in magnitude over a very favorable target: scarcely vegetated and unaltered desert mountain range, sierras El Mayor and Cucapah, in northern Baja California, close to the US-México border. It is a plate boundary region between the Pacific and North American plates. The pre-event LiDAR with lower point density (0.013-0.033 pts m-2) required filtering and post-processing before comparing with the denser (9-18 pts m-2) more accurate post event dataset. The 3D surface displacement field was determined using an adaptation of the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm, implemented in the open source Point Cloud Library (PCL). The LiDAR datasets are first split into a grid of windows, and for each one, ICP iteratively converges on the rigid body transformation (comprising translations and rotations) that best aligns the pre- to post-event points. Perturbing the pre- and post-event point clouds independently with a synthetic right lateral inverse displacements of known magnitude along a proposed fault, ICP recovered the synthetically introduced translations. Windows with dimensions of 100-200m gave the best results for datasets with these densities. The simplified surface rupture photo interpreted and mapped in the field, delineates very well the vertical displacements patterns unveiled by ICP. The method revealed block rotations, some with clockwise and others counter clockwise direction along the simplified surface rupture. As ground truth, displacements from ICP have similar values as those measured in the field along the main rupture by Fletcher and collaborators. The vertical component was better estimated than the horizontal having the latter problems in flat areas as expected. Hybrid approaches, as simple differencing, could be taken in these areas. Outliers were removed from results. ICP detected extraction from quarries developed between the two dates of LiDAR collection and expressed as a negative vertical displacement close to the sites. To improve the accuracy of the 3D displacement field, we intend to reprocess the pre-event source survey data to reduce the systematic error introduced by the sensor. Multidisciplinary approach will be needed to make tectonic inferences from the 3D displacement field revealed by ICP, about the processes at depth expressed at surface.

Hinojosa-Corona, A.; Nissen, E.; Limon-Tirado, J. F.; Arrowsmith, R.; Krishnan, A.; Saripalli, S.; Oskin, M. E.; Glennie, C. L.; Arregui, S. M.; Fletcher, J. M.; Teran, O. J.

2013-05-01

64

Precise Relocation of the Northern Extent of the Aftershock Sequence Following the 4 April 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake Kayla A. Kroll (UCR) and Elizabeth S. Cochran (UCR)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the 4 April 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, teams from UC Riverside, UC Santa Barbara, and San Diego State University installed an array of 8 temporary seismometers in the Yuha Desert area north of the Mexican border. This temporary array complemented the existing network stations and continuously recorded data from the aftershock sequence from 6 April through 14 June 2010. SCSN and the temporary aftershock array data will be used to study several aspects of fault structure and behavior, including precise relocation of the aftershock sequence. While the mainshock sequence ruptured multiple fault strands west of the Cerro Prieto fault, and south of the Sierra Cucapah Range, the aftershocks are densely clustered in three areas. The largest cluster is located to the northwest of the mainshock, in an area with no previously mapped faults. By relocating aftershocks, we hope to illuminate the network of faults that extend from the Laguna Salada fault in Mexico to its northern extension towards the Elsinore and San Jacinto faults. Right-lateral displacements up to 2 cm were identified on several right- and left-lateral fault segments by the USGS/CGS geologists in the area south of Hwy 98, and into the Pinto Wash (Treiman et al., personal communication, 2010). We relocate aftershocks within a 20 km by 14 km region containing 1 network and 8 temporary stations. Within this region over 4,000 aftershocks are in the SCEDC catalog from 6 April to 14 June 2010, during the time the temporary network was installed. The P and S wave arrival times for both the network and temporary stations were manually picked for each of these events. We compute the double difference hypocenter locations using the picked phase arrivals and waveform cross-correlations in the hypocenter relocation program, hypoDD (Waldhauser & Ellsworth 2000). In the event relocation, we used the velocity profile for the Imperial Valley from the SCEC Unified Velocity Model (Version 4). Future work will include detecting and relocating events that are not in the SCEDC catalog using the continuous data from the temporary array. All of the data will then be relocated using waveform cross-correlation in hypoDD to further improve the locations. Since little is known about the fault structure in the Yuha Desert region, we hope that accurate earthquake locations will help illuminate the complex and unmapped fault structure in the area. Additionally, more precise earthquake depths will help determine the extent of the seismogenic zone.

Kroll, K.; Cochran, E. S.

2010-12-01

65

Strike-slip Fault Structure in the Salton Trough and Deformation During and After the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake from Geodetic and Seismic Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pacific-North America plate boundary character changes southward from the strike-slip and transpressional configuration along most of California to oblique rifting in the Gulf of California, with a transitional zone of transtension beneath the Salton Trough in southernmost California and northern Mexico. The Salton Trough is characterized by extremely high heat flow and thin lithosphere with a thick fill of sedimentary material delivered by the Colorado River during the past 5-6 million years. Because of the rapid sedimentation, most of the faults in Salton Trough are buried and reveal themselves when they slip either seismically or aseismically. They can also be located by refraction and reflection of seismic waves. The 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake (Mw 7.2) in Baja California and Sonora, Mexico is probably the largest earthquake in the Salton Trough for at least 120 years, and had primarily right-lateral strike-slip motion. The earthquake ruptured a complex set of faults that lie to the west of the main plate boundary fault, the Cerro Prieto Fault, and shows that the strike-slip fault system in the southern Salton Trough has multiple sub-parallel active faults, similar to southern California. The Cerro Prieto Fault is still likely absorbing the majority of strain in the plate boundary. We study the coseismic and postseismic deformation of the 2010 earthquake with interferometric analysis of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images (InSAR) and pixel tracking by subpixel correlation of SAR and optical images. We combine sampled InSAR and subpixel correlation results with GPS (Global Positioning System) offsets at PBO (Plate Boundary Observatory) stations to estimate the likely subsurface geometry of the major faults that slipped during the earthquake and to derive a static coseismic slip model. We constrained the surface locations of the fault segments to mapped locations in the Sierra Cucapah to the northwest of the epicenter. SAR along-track offsets, especially on ALOS images, show that there is a large amount of right-lateral slip (1-3 m) on a previously unmapped system of faults extending about 60 km to the southeast of the epicenter beneath the Colorado River Delta named the Indiviso Fault system. The finite fault slip modeling shows a bilateral rupture with coseismic fault slip shallower than 10 km on the faults to the NW (dipping NE) and SE (dipping SW) of the epicenter. The southeastern end of the coseismic ruptures has complex fault geometry, including both east- and west-dipping faults revealed by recently reprocessed seismic reflection profiles. This new coseismic fault geometry will be the basis for a new finite element model of the crust and mantle for modeling of the coseismic slip with realistic 3D elastic structure and the viscoelastic postseismic relaxation. Postseismic InSAR, including new Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle SAR (UAVSAR) data, and GPS show rapid shallow afterslip on faults at the north and south ends of the main coseismic rupture and down-dip from the area of largest coseismic slip. Longer wavelength postseismic relaxation will be best measured by GPS.

Fielding, E. J.; Sun, J.; Gonzalez-Ortega, A.; González-Escobar, M.; Freed, A. M.; Burgmann, R.; Samsonov, S. V.; Gonzalez-Garcia, J.; Fletcher, J. M.; Hinojosa, A.

2013-12-01

66

CARDIOLOGÍA DEL ADULTO - PRESENTACIÓN DE CASOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the case of a young man with history of recurrent syncope, who had received in the past a definitive single chamber pacemaker implant, is presented. Inflammatory heart diseases, muscular dystrophies and other secondary causes of his sinus impulse disorder were ruled out. An atrial electrophysiological study during the programmed change of the generator was performed, just before

Alejandro Orjuela; Diego Vanegas; Juan de J. Montenegro

67

The CORALIE survey for extrasolar planets. XII (Mayor+, 2004)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper summarizes the information gathered for 16 exoplanet candidates discovered with the CORALIE echelle spectrograph mounted on the Euler Swiss telescope at La Silla Observatory. Here we give individual velocity measurements for the 13 stars harbouring a single planet companion. The data for the multi-planet systems will be published later. (14 data files).

Mayor, M.; Udry, S.; Naef, D.; Pepe, F.; Queloz, D.; Santos, N. C.; Burnet, M.

2004-02-01

68

Tributación Simplificada para Pequeñas y Microempresas: Análisis y Propuesta de Reforma para el Caso Chileno  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo analiza las principales debilidades de los actuales regímenes simplificados de tributación a la renta en Chile y propone un nuevo modelo para la tributación dirigido a la pequeña y microempresa (PYME). El diagnóstico indica que los actuales regímenes simplificados son, en general, efectivos en reducir los costos de cumplimiento. No obstante, detecta tres deficiencias que perjudican fuertemente su

Patricio Barra

2005-01-01

69

Gobierno Corporativo y Administradoras de Fondos de Pensiones (AFP). El caso chileno  

Microsoft Academic Search

El buen funcionamiento de los gobiernos corporativos incide positivamente en la competitividad y crecimiento de una economia. Las caracteristicas de los mercados de capitales inciden en la estructura del problema de agencia que se establece en las companias, por lo que determinara distintos modelos y requerimientos a los gobiernos corporativos que se establezcan en estos mercados. El objetivo de este

2010-01-01

70

Envases para Alimentos Industrializados Chilenos. Tomo I (Packaging for Chilean Commercial Foodstuffs. Volume I).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are presented on the status of foodstuff packaging in Chile; marketing projections are tabulated. The study, limited to 33 categories of foodstuffs selected by the three sponsoring agencies, gives recommendations on various aspects of foodstuff pa...

1977-01-01

71

Estatura de padres e hijos chilenos de diferente etnia y vulnerabilidad social  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To analyze and compare the heights of first- year school children and their parents, according to ethnic background and socioeconomic status. Material and methods. This is a cross-sectional study of indigenous and non-indigenous school children and their parents, belong- ing to three levels of social vulnerability: very high (pover- ty), medium, and very low. An indigenous school child was

Hugo Amigo; Marcia Erazo; Patricia Bustos

2000-01-01

72

Envases para Alimentos Industrializados Chilenos. Anexos (Packaging for Chilean Commercial Foodstuffs. Volume III. Appendices).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The following topics are discussed: a marketing plan for foodstuffs destined for internal consumption or for export; description of surveys undertaken; packaging in metal, glass, plastic or paper containers and the use of each in the food industry; visits...

1977-01-01

73

Estudio de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud indica que quienes toman café tienen un riesgo menor de muerte  

Cancer.gov

Los adultos mayores que tomaron café, con o sin cafeína, tuvieron un riesgo menor de muerte en general que quienes no tomaron café, según un estudio llevado a cabo por investigadores del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), parte de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud, y por la Asociación Estadounidense de Personas Jubiladas (AARP).

74

Jeunes : les stigmatisations de l'apparence  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] Jóvenes: las estigmatizaciones de la apariencia . . Hay personas que pueden tener el sentimiento que, en ciertas ocasiones de sus relaciones sociales, se ha atentado a sus derechos 0 su dignidad. Los jovenes se . distinguen claramente de los mayores a este respecto. Su sensibilidad a diferentes formas de ostracismo es mas aguda que la de los adultos,

Olivier Galland

2006-01-01

75

LOS FACTORES DE ÉXITO EN LAS EMPRESAS DE HOSPEDAJE Y DESAYUNO (BED & BREAKFAST) 4 Y 3 DIAMANTES DEL ESTADO DE GUANAJUATO  

Microsoft Academic Search

La industria turística, llamada por muchos “la industria sin chimeneas”, es una de las actividades económicas con mayor impulso en México, la inmigración de adultos extranjeros con fines de inversión, ha provocado sin duda la aparición de unidades económicas denominadas Bed and Breakfast. La finalidad del trabajo es realizar un análisis de los factores de éxito administrativo de estos negocios

Campos Alvarado; Guzmná Soria Eugenio; De la Garza Carranza María Teresa; Campos Olalde Ofelia

2007-01-01

76

Estudio del NCI revela que la obesidad extrema puede acortar la esperanza de vida hasta en 14 años  

Cancer.gov

Los adultos con obesidad extrema tienen un mayor riesgo de morir a una edad más joven debido al cáncer y a muchas otras causas entre ellas, enfermedades cardíacas, accidentes cerebrovasculares, diabetes y enfermedades del hígado y los riñones, según los resultados de un análisis de datos de 20 estudios a gran escala realizados en personas de tres países.

77

Neurogênese no cérebro adulto e na condição epiléptica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neurogenesis in the adult brain and in epileptic condition Introduction: Since the early XX century, there have been numerous reports considering the possibility of neurogenesis in the adult mammalian brain. However, it took 30 years before the widespread skepticism and the technical limitations were overcome. Refined cell technique developments and clear-cut evidences of neurogenesis in avian and rodent brains boosted

Ludmyla Kandratavicius; Mariana Raquel Monteiro; Rodrigo N. Romcy-Pereira; Gabriel Maisonave Arisi; Norberto Garcia Cairasco; João Pereira Leite

2007-01-01

78

Propiedades Psicométricas del Inventario de Depresión de Beck-II en Adolescentes Chilenos Psychometric Properties of Beck's Depression Inventory II  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychometric properties of the most recent version of Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI-II, Beck, Steer & Brown, 1996) in Chilean adolescents is evaluated in the current research. A sample of adolescents from the mental health services was compared with two kind of control samples. The inventory showed high internal reliability (alpha=0,91) and proper test-retest correlation (r=0,66), as well as the

Roberto Melipillán Araneda; Félix Cova Solar; Paulina Rincón González; Mario Valdivia Peralta

2008-01-01

79

Distribución latitudinal de foraminíferos bentónicos (Protozoa: Foraminiferida) a nivel de subórdenes y familias, en canales y fiordos patagónicos chilenos  

Microsoft Academic Search

The latitudinal distribution of benthic foraminifers is studied at the levels of suborder and family. 106 samples were collected on the continental shelf (50-300 m) between 43ºS and 55ºS in the area of channels and fjords, eastern South Pacific, during Cimar Fiordos Expeditions 2, 3, 7 and 8. The foraminifers (50,480 specimens) were classi - fied in 5 suborders, 46

Tatiana Hromic

2006-01-01

80

A FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF A SAMPLE OF TRAINEES FROM THE MAYOR'S YOUTH EMPLOYMENT PROJECT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE SAMPLE WAS COMPOSED OF 22 NEGRO MALES AND 28 NEGRO FEMALES EMPLOYED AT THE TIME OF INTERVIEW, AND 17 NEGRO FEMALES, RECENTLY EMPLOYED BUT UNEMPLOYED WHEN INTERVIEWED. A PERSONAL INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED WITH THE TRAINEES SELECTED, AND A MAIL-OUT INTERVIEW WAS USED IN COLLECTING DATA FROM EMPLOYERS. THE DIFFERENCES IN THE OCCUPATIONAL…

KOBERNICK, ALLAN; STAVROS, DENNY

81

The Press and Authority: Portrayals of a Coach and a Mayor. Journalism Monographs No. 50.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph investigates the relationship between media and personal authority. Specifically, the nature and possible effects of coverage by the Durham, North Carolina, "Morning Herald" of Duke University's former basketball coach, Raymond C. (Bucky) Waters, are compared to its treatment of a more conventional political figure--Durham's former…

Paletz, David L.; LaFiura, Dennis

82

Groundwater hydrogeochemistry of mayor ions in the Radovna River valley (NW Slovenia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chemical analysis of major elements was used to investigate the characteristics of various springs and surface water in the Radovna River valley. The valley is situated in the north-western part of Slovenia. It is 17-kilometre long Alpine river flowing between karstic plateaus of Pokljuka and Mežakla confluenting with Sava Dolinka River. Wider area of the valley is built up by Triassic limestone and dolomite. Quaternary alluvial and glacial sediments occur in the bottom of the valley and on the slopes of the plateaus. Water was sampled monthly from May 2005 till March 2007 at 10 locations along the valley. Locations are divided into: 5 springs, 3 surface water locations, 1 small lake and 1 artesian borehole. On site conductivity, pH and water temperature was measured and samples for chemical analyses were collected. Groundwater, spring water and surface water are related to carbonate rocks; therefore the pH of the samples is in range between 7.1 and 8.4. In most cases pH of river water is higher than that of groundwater and spring water. Conductivity of the water varied in the interval between 188 ?S/cm and 374 ?S/cm. Results of chemical analyses show that concentration of Ca2+ exceeds that of Mg2+ in all of the samples and Ca/Mg ratio varies between 2.6 and 16.8. The concentration of Na+ is lower than Mg2+, but always higher than that of K+. Predominant anion is the HCO3- and varies between 100 mg/l and 211 mg/l. Concentration of anions Cl-, NO3- and SO42- are low and range from 0.1 mg/l to 7.47 mg/l and between 0.62 mg/l and 12 mg/l for Cl- and SO42-, respectively. NO3- is in almost all of the samples below 1 mg/l. Water data shows that waters are alkaline and the dominant facies is Ca-Mg-HCO3-. Ion concentrations fluctuate seasonally and are related to changes in discharge. In winter and early spring, when the discharge is low, the ion concentrations are higher and in late spring and summer during snowmelt, when the discharge is higher, the ion concentration are lower. Generally, ion concentrations in the water are also increasing downstream from the main spring. Chemical analyses of the water samples reflect typical karst spring dynamics and dynamics of groundwater fluctuations in the alluvium. Along the course of the river, water flow is increasing due to great amount of groundwater drainage in to the stream, therefore the chemical concentrations are increasing downstream.

Torkar, Anja; Bren?i?, Mihael; Vre?a, Polona

2013-04-01

83

Becoming a Creative City: The Entrepreneurial Mayor, Network Politics and the Promise of an Urban Renaissance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically explores the 'politics of becoming' in a 'wannabe' creative city in the United States. It shows how, in Baltimore's policy sphere, Richard Florida's theory has served as an 'intellectual technology' aiming at the invention of a new macro-actor (the creative class), while related urban regeneration outcomes and prospects appear to be more problematic. In particular, at the

Davide Ponzini; Ugo Rossi

2010-01-01

84

Enhancing New York City's Emergency Preparedness: A Report to Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New York City and its citizens rose to the extraordinary challenges presented by the August 14, 2003 power outage and, as a result, have a lot of which to be proud. Police officers, firefighters, emergency management personnel and health professionals wor...

2003-01-01

85

Observaciones interferométricas de complejos nebulares en la Nube Mayor de Magallanes}  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results obtained by means of the H? survey of the nebular complexes Dem 208, 221, 164, 165, 202 in the LMC, using a Cigale-type instrument (Boulesteix 1984). We made the instrumental (Flat and Dark) and atmospheric (night-sky lines subtraction) corrections, and afterward we obtained a wavelength cube by means of a phase map. We have used a gaussian profile method for fitting the nebular lines. For Dem208 we obtained the radial velocity field: on the bubble's edge, the profiles were regular and gaussian with systemic radial velocity of (250 ± 5) km/s. We also measured the radial velocity in the inner region of the bubble observing a component to the red/blue. We also measure the different regions sourrounding the nebula, where a drift of high velocity is detected. In certain regions, it is apparent that the medium is perturbed by the presence of stellar winds arising from inside the bubble (the splitting between the two main velocity components reaches 30-40 km/s). In other cases the observed profiles could correspond to a SN explosion or a very strong stellar wind (since in the NW region a Wolf-Rayet type star lies), since the different velocity components cover a range of more than 100km/s. An interesting feature is the brightest region in the north, which shows an almost triangular shape. The maximum emission intensity is concentrated in only one pixel (9''). The background level is low (nearly 20 photons/px) and the line profile is nearly regular, showing a component shifted to the blue, suggesting the presence of an ionizing star, which we can not resolve because of our limited spatial resolution (9" or 2pc).

Oddone, M. A.; Laval, A.; Le Coarer, E.; Goldes, G.; Carranza, G.

86

Vital Partners: Mayors and Police Chiefs Working Together for America's Children and Youth.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National League of Cities Institute for Youth, Education, and Families, with support and assistance from the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, produced this...

2007-01-01

87

Espectroscop&{acute;i}a integrada de cúmulos estelares de la Nube Mayor de Magallanes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work is a further step of a systematic project of integrated spectroscopic observations of Magellanic Clouds (MCs) star clusters. Although there exist some previous data in the literature, we present preliminary results for 6 small angular diameter clusters of the Large Magellanic Cloud (SL 106, SL 256, SL 410, SL 425, SL 453 and SL 624). The spectra were obtained with the ``Jorge Sahade" 2.15 m telescope at Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito (CASLEO, Argentina) by using the REOSC spectrograph in the simple mode. These spectra will be used to improve the existing library of template spectra for the MCs. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Oddone, M. A.; Palma, T.; Ahumada, A. V.; Clariá, J. J.; Bica, E.; Parisi, M. C.; Santos, J. F. C., Jr.

88

Determinación de edades y enrojecimientos de cúmulos estelares pertenecientes a la Nube Mayor de Magallanes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present flux-calibrated integrated spectra in the optical range obtained with the REOSC spectrograph (CASLEO, Argentina) for 9 concentrated stellar clusters belonging to the Large Magellanic Cloud, one of which was not previously studied. We estimate simultaneously age and foreground reddening by using the algorithm FISA. For the studied sample, we derive ages between 2 Myr and 350 Myr and foreground reddening E(B-V) values in the range 0.00--0.23 mag. These values are mostly in agreement with the ones found by other authors. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Minniti, J. H.; Ahumada, A. V.; Clariá, J. J.; Benítez-Llambay, A.; Oddone, M. A.; Bica, E.; Santos, J. F. C., Jr.

89

Nueva aproximación a eventos de formación repentina de cúmulos estelares en la Nube Mayor de Magallanes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results on the age estimates of 36 Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) clusters obtained for the first time from CCD Washington CT1 T2 photometry. By using the (T1 ,C - T1 ) and (T1 , T1 - T2 ) diagrams, we esti- mated ages for the cluster sample using the T1 index. We confirm that the studied cluster sample belongs to the 2 Gyr bursting formation epoch of the LMC. Furthermore, when rebuilding the cluster age distribution -taking into account the estimated age errors- we found that the number of clusters with ages between 1-3 Gyr now doubles that of the known bursting cluster population, which suggests that the tidal interaction between both Magel- lanic Clouds and, perhaps, also the Milky Way, was stronger than expected. A detailed version of this work can be seen in Piatti (2011, MNRAS, 418, L40). FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Piatti, A. E.

90

Urban Technology II, The Philadelphia Experience. The Mayor's Science and Technology Advisory Council, 1972-1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Council (M-STAC) was formed to provide continuous scientific advice to the City of Philadelphia, with heavy emphasis on the use of volunteers. Major M-STAC achievements in its first five and a half years of operation include: (1) introduction or adapt...

I. M. Levitt

1978-01-01

91

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 17 de julio de 2012  

Cancer.gov

La salud de los adolescentes y adultos jóvenes supervivientes de cáncer es peor que la salud de las personas que no tienen antecedentes de la enfermedad, y sus conductas son menos saludables, según un estudio. Estos supervivientes fuman más y se ejercitan menos, sufren una mayor cantidad de enfermedades crónicas, son obesos, tienen una salud mental y física precaria y enfrentan más obstáculos financieros para el acceso a la atención médica.

92

Medicines and You: A Guide for Older Adults = Las medicinas y usted: Guia para las personas mayores.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most people over 65 take many prescription and nonprescription medicines. Because the body is changing and more medicines are taken, many older adults experience harmful reactions to the medicines they take. This booklet, written in both English and Spanish (on facing pages), was developed to help older adults learn more about medicines, recognize…

National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations.

93

Interactive physical simulation of catheter motion within mayor vessel structures and cavities for ASD/VSD treatment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simulation systems are becoming increasingly essential in medical education. Hereby, capturing the physical behaviour of the real world requires a sophisticated modelling of instruments within the virtual environment. Most models currently used are not capable of user interactive simulations due to the computation of the complex underlying analytical equations. Alternatives are often based on simplifying mass-spring systems, being able to deliver high update rates that come at the cost of less realistic motion. In addition, most techniques are limited to narrow and tubular vessel structures or restrict shape alterations to two degrees of freedom, not allowing instrument deformations like torsion. In contrast, our approach combines high update rates with highly realistic motion and can in addition be used with respect to arbitrary structures like vessels or cavities (e.g. atrium, ventricle) without limiting the degrees of freedom. Based on energy minimization, bending energies and vessel structures are considered as linear elastic elements; energies are evaluated at regularly spaced points on the instrument, while the distance of the points is fixed, i.e. we simulate an articulated structure of joints with fixed connections between them. Arbitrary tissue structures are modeled through adaptive distance fields and are connected by nodes via an undirected graph system. The instrument points are linked to nodes by a system of rules. Energy minimization uses a Quasi Newton method without preconditioning and, hereby, gradients are estimated using a combination of analytical and numerical terms. Results show a high quality in motion simulation when compared to a phantom model. The approach is also robust and fast. Simulating an instrument with 100 joints runs at 100 Hz on a 3 GHz PC.

Becherer, Nico; Hesser, Jürgen; Kornmesser, Ulrike; Schranz, Dietmar; Männer, Reinhard

2007-03-01

94

El desarrollo psicosocial de Eric Erikson. El diagrama epigenético del adulto  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work shows a brief on the psychosocial devel- opment theory of Erik Erikson, and the epigenetic diagram of adults. It makes a brief of the content of each psychosocial stage and shows the diagram of adults, according to the VIII stages of the whole life cycle.

Nelso Antonio Bordignon

95

Revista Interamericana de Educacion de Adultos (Interamerican Journal of Adult Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two issues of this serial include the following articles: "Seminar-Workshop on Regional Diagnostics, Program Development, and Evaluation" (Beatrice Edwards); "Training as a Factor of Stability" (Francisco Largaespada Pereira); "Workplace, Society, and Culture. Viewpoint from Social Interaction" (Nuria Torres Latorre); "Global Vision of Adult…

Revista Interamericana de Educacion de Adultos, 1993

1993-01-01

96

Peso Adulto de Matrizes em Rebanhos de Seleção da Raça Nelore no Brasil 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this work was to evaluate the Nellore breed in Brazil with respect to the phenotypic and genetic variation of the mature size of cows. The observations were taken from 34 herds of eleven different beef cattle product ion regions in the country. There were considered cows of the horned and polled varieties, raised on pastures, from

Nascimento Rosa; Henrique Nunes de Oliveira; Luiz Antonio; Framartino Bezerra

97

Mecanismos de plasticidad (funcional y dependiente de actividad) en el cerebro auditivo adulto y en desarrollo  

PubMed Central

Summary Introduction and development Sensory systems show a topographic representation of the sensory epithelium in the central nervous system. In the auditory system this representation originates tonotopic maps. For the last four decades these changes in tonotopic maps have been widely studied either after peripheral mechanical lesions or by exposing animals to an augmented acoustic environment. These sensory manipulations induce plastic reorganizations in the tonotopic map of the auditory cortex. By contrast, acoustic trauma does not seem to induce functional plasticity at subcortical nuclei. Mechanisms that generate these changes differ in their molecular basis and temporal course and we can distinguish two different mechanisms: those involving an active reorganization process, and those that show a simple reflection of the loss of peripheral afferences. Only the former involve a genuine process of plastic reorganization. Neuronal plasticity is critical for the normal development and function of the adult auditory system, as well as for the rehabilitation needed after the implantation of auditory prostheses. However, development of plasticity can also generate abnormal sensation like tinnitus. Recently, a new concept in neurobiology so-called ‘neuronal stability’ has emerged and its implications and conceptual basis could help to improve the treatments of hearing loss. Conclusion A combination of neuronal plasticity and stability is suggested as a powerful and promising future strategy in the design of new treatments of hearing loss.

Izquierdo, M.A.; Oliver, D.L.; Malmierca, M.S.

2010-01-01

98

Procesos de Grupo para la Educacion de Adultos (Group Processes for Adult Education).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The booklet contains useful techniques for developing educational activities for adults. Included are: talks, formus, panels, symposiums, coloquiums, discussions, conferences, conventions, commitees, institutes, seminars, workshops. There is a table listi...

P. Bergevin

1965-01-01

99

Actitud en niños y adultos sobre los estereotipos de género en juguetes infantiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen. El trabajo muestra cómo a través del juego las nuevas generaciones aprenden y reproducen los patrones de conducta que observan en su entorno familiar, social, escolar y, especialmente, en los medios de comunicación. En este estudio participan 400 niños de entre tres y siete años de edad y 200 universitarios, y se realiza un análisis de las preferencias y

María del Carmen; Martínez Rein; Manuel Vélez Ce

2008-01-01

100

Sarcomas paratesticulares en el paciente adulto: Manejo y evolución de la enfermedad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Identify and analyze the clinic pathologic characteristics, therapeutic, and the evolution of the disease in adult patients with a diagnosis of paratesticular sarcoma. Material and Methods: We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of patients diagnosed with sarcoma paratesticu - lar location of the department of urology at the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases from 1952 to 2003. Data was

Juan C. Astigueta Pérez; Milagros Abad Licham; Mariela Pow-Sang Godoy; Víctor Destefano Urrutia; Juvenal Sánchez Lihon

2009-01-01

101

Gliomas del adulto: acercamiento al diagnóstico y tratamiento Gliomas in adults: diagnostic and therapeutical approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Gliomas are the most common primary malignancies of central nervous system. Progress in neuroradiology with use of magnetic resonance imaging allows establishing diagnosis in earlier when an opportune treatment can be perfformed. Even though prognosis is poor for this group of patients, evidence has showed that treatments with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy have a significant impact in quality of

Germán Alonso; Reyes Botero

102

Revision del aprendizaje en adultos con claves de localizacion sonora normales o alteradas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Humans use several cues to determine the position of sound sources in space. Here we provide a review of the literature on how practice influences sound-localization performance in human adults. We divided this literature into two categories: adaptation to alterations in sound- localization cues and learning with normal, unaltered cues. For altered cues, partial adaptation has been reported with a

Beverly A. Wright; Yuxuan Zhang

103

Brasil: Novo Desafio a Saude do Adulto (Brazil: The New Challenge of Adult Health).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study focuses on the problems which the Brazilian health system will face in coming decades as the population gets older, and as chronic and degenerative diseases and AIDS increase. The focus is on the causes of mortality which become dominant in the ...

1991-01-01

104

Avaliação do estado nutricional de adultos e idosos e situação nutricional da população brasileira  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nutritional Assessment of Adults and Elderly and the Nutritional Sta- tus of the Brazilian Population. Nutritional disorders (undernutrition and obesity) are associated to increases in morbidity and mortality. This paper consists on a review of literature with the purpose of describing the main methods of nutritional assessment, in order to facilitate the diagnosis of nutritional disorders and the follow-up of

Kátia Acuña; Thomaz Cruz

2004-01-01

105

Revista Interamericana de Educacion de Adultos, 2000 (Interamerican Review of Adult Education, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of Spanish language papers on adult literacy education includes the following: "Sistematizacion: Un Instrumento Pedagogico en los Proyectos de Desarrollo Sustenable" [Systematization: A Pedagogic Instrument in Projects of Sustainable Development] (Joao Francisco de Souza); "Estudio Cualitativo de la Investigacion Sobre Niveles de…

Soberanes, Juan F. Millan, Ed.

2000-01-01

106

Consistente asociación del polimorfismo rs7903146 en el gen TCF7L2 con mayor riesgo de diabetes en población mediterránea española  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionType 2 diabetes (T2D) can induce the expression of cell adhesion molecules (ICAM, VCAM) and cytokines (IL-6 and CRP). Possibly related to these mechanisms, the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene has been associated with T2D in distinct populations, but there are few data for the Mediterranean population. Our objective was to study the association of this gene with T2D

Paula Carrasco Espí; Jesús Rico Sanz; Carolina Ortega Azorín; José Ignacio González Arráez; Salvador Ruiz de la Fuente; Eva María Asensio Márquez; Ramón Estruch Riba; Dolores Corella Piquer

2011-01-01

107

Estimación de modelos de “nueva información”: aplicación a los mercados de cambio en períodos de menor y\\/o mayor espectación  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo del presente trabajo es contrastar si las variaciones no anticipadas de las variables económicas fundamentales y no fundamentales pueden explicar las variaciones en los tipos de cambio, y si esta premisa es igualmente válida en períodos estándar y en períodos de especulación elevada. Para ello, partiendo del Modelo Básico de Frenkel (1981), la aplicación empírica realiza el análisis

L. AMIGO DOBAÑO

2003-01-01

108

Telling the story: Kansas City Mayor and United Methodist Pastor Emanuel Cleaver’s use of storytelling to transcend rhetorical barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Storytelling and the oral tradition have long been entrenched in the African American cultural community. Born on the continent\\u000a of Africa, the griot (storyteller) has several functions. The primary function of the griot is to preserve the social customs\\u000a and values of the culture and to contribute to social stability as an instrument for avoiding direct confrontation. Former\\u000a Kansas City

Shauntae Brown White

2006-01-01

109

Antecedentes y presencia de trastornos depresivos como factor de riesgo de ingreso hospitalario en pacientes mayores de 74 años atendidos en un servicio de urgencias  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionDepression is especially frequent in the elderly. In addition to impairing quality of life, this disorder can affect the outcome of medical diseases. The objective is to analyze whether depressive disorders in elderly individuals attending an emergency room for medical complaints constitute a risk factor for admission.

Mónica Suárez-Linares; Jesús Vicente Cobo-Gómez; Francisco Manuel Suárez-García; Elena García-Carreño; Antonio Álvarez-Álvarez

2009-01-01

110

Bringing a Public Voice to the School Governance Debate: The Campaign for Better Schools and Mayoral Control in New York City. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1995, the Donors' Education Collaborative (DEC) has supported a range of groups--advocacy, organizing, research and policy groups--that advocate for, or have members from, diverse constituencies concerned about public education in New York City (NYC). DEC has also encouraged collaborations among these types of groups to leverage their…

Research for Action, 2010

2010-01-01

111

Soil Conditions and Earthquake Hazard Mitigation in the Marina District of San Francisco. A Report to the Mayor of the City of San Francisco.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The surface wave magnitude 7.1 Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989, was particularly damaging to the Marina District of San Francisco. The damage sustained by the buildings, streets and utilities in the Marina District can be attributed to several ...

J. K. Mitchell R. B. Seed R. E. Kayen T. Masood

1990-01-01

112

Cúmulos estelares de edad intermedia de la Nube Mayor de Magallanes: determinación de parámetros fundamentales a partir de fotometría de Washington  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on CCD images obtained in the Washington system at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, we determine ages and metallicities of 8 unstudied star clusters of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). We find that they are intermediate-age (1-2 Gyr) and relatively metal-poor, although the metallicities are mainly determined from isochrones and are not strongly constrained. The study of this cluster sample will soon be extended to almost a hundred practically unstudied LMC star clusters. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Palma, T.; Clariá, J. J.; Geisler, D.; Piatti, A. E.; Ahumada, A. V.

113

Il bullismo tra i giovani precursore del mobbing adulto? Il percorso in parallelo di due patologie della società contemporanea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Is bullying among the young developing into adult mobbing? The parallel analysis of two pathologies of contemporary society. It's understood that mobbing and bullying are two aspects of the disturbed contemporary world, a sort of \\

Maria Antonietta Pizzichini; Stefano Giuliodoro; Lorenzo Recanatini

114

Tratamiento con ribavirina inhalada en el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda inducida por virus respiratorio sincitial en el adulto  

Microsoft Academic Search

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in previously healthy adults is rare, but the overall mortality rate is 40-60%. Inhaled ribavirin is approved for the treatment of hospitalized infants and young children with severe lower respiratory tract infections due to RSV. We present the case of an adult female with RSV pneumonia-induced ARDS who was successfully

Yung-Hung Luo; Chu-Yun Huang; Kuang-Yao Yang; Yu-Chin Lee

2011-01-01

115

Aspectos indicativos de envelhecimento facial precoce em respiradores orais adultos***** Indicative factors of early facial aging in mouth breathing adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: early facial aging in mouth breathing adults. Aim: to verify the presence of indicative factors of early facial aging and to characterize the measurements of the projection of the nasogeniane fold to the tragus and of the face width in mouth and nose breathing adults. Method: aspects of early facial aging were observed in 60 individuals (presence of dark

Aline Cabral de Oliveira; César Antônio; Lira dos Anjos; Érika Henriques de Araújo; Alves da Silva; Pedro de Lemos Menezes

116

Educacion de Adultos en America Latina. Estudio Bibliografico. Serie Bibliografica # 3 (Adult Education in Latin America: Bibliographical Study. Bibliographical Series # 3).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analytical bibliography describes a group of selected documents that examine the current status and extent of development of adult education in Latin America. Documents were selected for inclusion based upon their focus on and concern for international and national goals and needs of adult education programs and for distribution to countries…

Schlaen, Norah

117

Evaluacion de la Interaccion Adulto-Nino en Aulas Pre-escolares de Concepcion, Chile. [Evaluation Adult-Child Interaction in Preschool Classrooms of Concepcion, Chile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings from investigation of the validity of the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale, CIS (1989), in preschools in Concepcion, Chile. Demonstrates the reliability and validity of the scale to evaluate the interaction of the childhood educator with young children, suggesting changes to the scale. Notes differences found for school type.…

Mathiesen De G., Maria Elena; Herrera G., Maria Olivia; Villalon B., Malva; Suzuky S., Emy

2000-01-01

118

Localization of aspergillosis to the central nervous system among patients with acute leukemia: report of 14 cases. Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adulto Infection Program.  

PubMed

We retrospectively studied a consecutive series of 100 patients with acute leukemia and aspergillosis to evaluate the clinical findings and risk factors for colonization of the central nervous system (CNS) by Aspergillus species. The diagnosis of CNS aspergillosis was made in 14 patients on the basis of the following criteria: neurological signs of CNS involvement (13 of 14 patients); cerebral CT scan findings (9 of 12); microbiological findings (6 of 12); and histological findings at autopsy (11 of 11). The majority of patients had severe neurological complications (i.e., hemiparesis or seizures), due mainly to brain abscesses or mycetomas. Autopsies were performed on 11 of 14 patients and provided evidence that CNS localization was secondary to invasive aspergillosis; in each case, the most likely primary focus of infection was the lung. Although all patients had received oral antimycotic prophylaxis and had received timely empirical antifungal treatment, they all died within a median time of 5 days from the onset of neurological symptoms. Analysis of the characteristics of patients with invasive aspergillosis did not reveal any difference between those with CNS localization and those without CNS localization. PMID:8879790

Pagano, L; Ricci, P; Montillo, M; Cenacchi, A; Nosari, A; Tonso, A; Cudillo, L; Chierichini, A; Savignano, C; Buelli, M; Melillo, L; La Barbera, E O; Sica, S; Hohaus, S; Bonini, A; Bucaneve, G; Del Favero, A

1996-09-01

119

Mucormycosis in patients with haematological malignancies: a retrospective clinical study of 37 cases. GIMEMA Infection Program (Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto).  

PubMed

A retrospective study of 37 patients with haematological malignancy (21 acute myeloid leukaemia, 11 acute lymphoid leukaemia, two lymphoma, two hairy cell leukaemia, one Hodgkin's disease) and histologically documented mucormycosis was conducted to evaluate the clinical characteristics and ascertain the factors which influenced the outcome from mycotic infection. Patients were admitted to 18 haematology divisions in tertiary care or university hospitals in Italy between 1987 and 1995. Fever, thoracic pain, dyspnoea and cough were the most frequent presenting symptoms. At the onset, 89% patients were neutropenic (neutrophil counts < 0.5 x 10(9)/l) with a median duration of previous neutropenia of 14 d (range 6-60). The most frequent sites of infection were lungs (81%), CNS (27%), sinus (16%), liver (16%) and orbital space (10%). Only three patients were asymptomatic. A correct in vivo diagnosis was made in only 13 (35%) patients. When performed, thoracic and cranial CT scan were the most useful diagnostic investigations. Despite the fact that 26 febrile patients were treated with empirical antifungal treatment, 28 of the 37 patients (76%) died from fungal infection at a median time of 17 d from the onset of clinical symptoms. Nine patients were cured by antifungal therapy plus, in five cases, radical surgery procedures. An analysis of factors influencing outcome demonstrated that the resolution of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and prolonged treatment with amphotericin B and, if feasible, radical surgical debridement treatment, were significantly correlated with recovery from infection. Mucormycosis, a rare filamentous fungal infection that occurs most frequently in neutropenic acute leukaemia patients, is characterized by a high mortality rate. Extensive and aggressive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are essential to improve the prognosis in these patients. PMID:9375750

Pagano, L; Ricci, P; Tonso, A; Nosari, A; Cudillo, L; Montillo, M; Cenacchi, A; Pacilli, L; Fabbiano, F; Del Favero, A

1997-11-01

120

Enfermedad Celíaca en el adulto. Prevalencia en una población de riesgo. Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de pacientes del Hospital Alemán de Buenos Aires.(*)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Due to the fact that there is not enough data about the epidemiology of the celiac disease in Argentina and South America, specially amongst the adult population, the objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of the celiac disease in the adult patient considering the oligosymptomatic population and the population of risk of the disease. Materials and

Sebastián Gimenez; Luis A. Boerr; Pablo Luna; Dra Adriana

121

Year Two Report on the Campaign for Better Schools: Outcomes of the Mayoral Control Debate--Changes to NYC Governance Legislation and Long-Term Effects, May 2009-May 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1995, the Donors' Education Collaborative (DEC) has supported a range of groups--advocacy, organizing, research and policy groups--who advocate for, or whose members come from, diverse constituencies concerned about public education in New York City (NYC). DEC has also encouraged collaborations among these types of groups to leverage their…

Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Good, Deborah; Gottschalk, Jesse; Henig, Jeffrey; Silander, Megan

2010-01-01

122

Year One Report on the Campaign for Better Schools: Building a Coalition, Gaining Recognition and Forging a Platform to Influence the Terms of the Mayoral Control Debate in NYC, May 2008-May 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second evaluation of the Donors' Education Collaborative's (DEC) grant making since its founding in 1995. The first evaluation was a cross-case study of three projects that embodied DEC's theory of action: lasting systemic school reform demands sustained funding to build organizational collaboration that simultaneously broadens and…

Gold, Eva; Simon, Elaine; Evans, Shani Adia; Kay, Joseph; Henig, Jeffrey; Silander, Megan

2009-01-01

123

Coseismic Deformations Associated with the M=7.2, April 04, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake, Observed from Leveling Survey, Geotechnical Instruments and Water Level Changes in the Mexicali Valley  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A first order, second class leveling survey in the Mexicali Valley had been just finished in February 2010, for a project carried out by CICESE (Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education of Ensenada), IMTA (Mexican Institute of Water Technology) and CONAGUA (National Water Comission). Immediately after the M=7.2 earthquake the survey was repeated along 240 km of the profiles in the area of the Cerro Prieto pull-apart basin. The leveling started at the LN00 GPS monument in La Puerta. Overall, an uplift of about 30 cm towards the NE, along the 38 km line, in direction SW-NE is observed with larger gradient to the South of the area. Three subsidence bowls differ from this general pattern. One, south from Ejido Saltillo, with the relative subsidence of 19 cm (considering the displacement at LN00 as zero subsidence), probably reflects subsidence of the Saltillo-Guerrero graben; the second, with a subsidence of 23 cm, is situated south from Ejido Nuevo Leon and can be related to the subsidence triggered by the earthquake in the production area of Cerro Prieto IV. For the third one, with relative depth of 36 cm, situated close to Zacamoto, the southeastern limit cannot be determined, so only a comparison with other methods can explain the origin of this anomaly. All the subsidence bowls are associated with liquefaction observed in the area, with more liquefaction observed close to Zacamoto. Since 1996, CICESE has been operating a network of geotechnical instruments (REDECVAM) for continuous recording of deformation related to tectonic (seismic and interseismic) phenomena, as well as anthropogenic deformation caused by the deep fluid extraction at the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field. The instruments are installed along the faults which limit the Cerro Prieto pull-apart basin at a distance from 8 to 15 km from the epicenter. Coseismic step-like groundwater level changes ranging from 0.4 to 5.0 meters were recorded at 4 wells in the Cerro Prieto Pull apart-basin equivalent to coseismic volumetric strain field, in the depth of the piezometers, of the order of 10-6 - 10-5. Instruments installed along the “continuation of the Cerro Prieto” fault recorded vertical slip of 6 cm, and inclination changes of ~700 microradians, with 10 cm vertical slip measured with a ruler at the surface, Instruments installed on the Saltillo fault recorded up to 3000 microradians change, and vertical and horizontal displacements, measured manually, were of the order of centimeters. The Morelia fault had about 30 cm vertical displacement measured manually. The displacement velocities observed by the instruments are much larger than the aseismic slip velocities or triggered slip velocities observed previously in this area. A comparison between leveling results and geotechnical observations suggests that the magnitude of deformation observed by the instruments is confirmed by the leveling only in the Saltillo-Guerrero graben, thus suggesting that the observed slip triggered on the Morelia and Cerro Prieto faults is shallow.

Glowacka, E.; Robles, B.; Vázquez, R.; Sarychikhina, O.; Suárez-Vidal, F.; Ramirez, J.; Nava Pichardo, F. A.; Farfan, F.; Diaz de Cossio, G.

2010-12-01

124

Secuencia parcial de un fragmento de ADN de patos silvestres homólogo al complejo mayor de histocompatibilidad de Gallus gallus Partial sequence of a DNA fragment from wild ducks homologous to the Gallus gallus major histocompatibility complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a genomic DNA fragment from domestic duck (Anas domesticus) was amplified by PCR. Such fragment shared 93 % identity to the chicken (Gallus gallus) MHC class II, which correspond to DAB1- (Disabled 1)-like sequence. The DAB1 sequence was also amplified from nine wild duck species of the Anas genus, which after performing a restriction fragment length polymorphism

Sofía González-Guzmán; Elizabeth Loza-Rubio; Virginia León-Régagnonc; Gary García-Espinosa

125

City of Los Angeles Mayor's Office of Small Business Assistance Final Report to the Economic Development Administration for the period July 12, 1983-June 30, 1985. 1984 Olympic Games Business Development Assistance Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the program was to assist small and minority business firms, which had received licenses from the LA Olympic Organizing Committee to manufacture and sell Olympic theme products, capitalize upon the expansion opportunities resulting from the...

1986-01-01

126

Concepción de mundo, aspectos contextuales y bienestar psicológico en chilenos supervivientes a experiencias de prisión y tortura por motivos políticos a más de 30 años de ocurridos los hechos* World Conception, Contextual Aspects, and Psychological Well-Being of Chilean Survivors of Political Torture and Imprisonment after more than 30 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

a b S t r a c t The main objective of this article is to study the long-term psychological effects of imprisonment and torture experiences for political reasons in the world conception of a group of Chilean survivors. The design is a descriptive ex-post facto model, including qualitative methodology on content analysis, and QRS Nvivo6 and SPSS software. Results

127

La Palabra es Nuestra: Primaria para Adultos. Segunda Parte, Volumen 1-2. Edicion Experimental (The Language Is Ours: Primer for Adults. Part Two, Volumes 1-2. Experimental Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These workbooks are part of a Mexican series of instructional materials designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. They provide readings and exercises for developing literacy skills. Pictures and fill-in-the blank exercises appear frequently. Volume 1…

Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

128

O Desempenho de Adultos Jovens e Idosos na Iowa Gambling Task (IGT): Um Estudo sobre a Tomada de Decisão Decision-making Capacity of Young Adults and Older Adults as Measured by the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to analyze the decision-making capacity of young adults and older adults. The Iowa Gambling Task, which was adapted for the Brazilian Portuguese in the present study, was used to measure decision- making. The sample consisted of 82 healthy persons divided in two groups: Group 1 - 42 young adults and Group 2 - 40 elders. The results

Daniela Di Giorgio Schneider; Maria Alice de Mattos; Pimenta Parente

129

Fatal haemoptysis in pulmonary filamentous mycosis: an underevaluated cause of death in patients with acute leukaemia in haematological complete remission. A retrospective study and review of the literature. Gimema Infection Program (Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adulto)  

PubMed

A retrospective study on a consecutive series of 116 patients affected by acute leukaemia with documented pulmonary filamentous mycosis (FM) admitted between 1987 and 1992 to 14 tertiary-care hospitals in Italy was made in order to evaluate the characteristics of those patients who developed fatal massive haemoptysis. In 59/116 cases of pulmonary FM the infection was the principal cause of death and in 12 of these patients a massive haemoptysis was responsible for death. The diagnosis of FM infection was made ante-mortem in only four out of these 12 patients. The autopsy was performed in 11/12 patients and documented a FM infection. The mycetes isolated were: Hyphomycetes spp. (three patients), Mucorales spp. (two patients), Aspergillus spp. (seven patients). At the time of the massive haemoptysis the mean neutrophil count was 7.2 x 10(9)/l, and no patient had relevant thrombocytopenia (mean 184 x 10(9)/l, range 28-350) or coagulative abnormalities. The mean time which elapsed between resolution of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (WBC < 10(9)/l) and occurrence of haemoptysis was 7 d. No signs or symptoms predictive of this fatal complication were identified. Massive haemoptysis can be the cause of death in patients with acute leukaemia and pulmonary FM which in the majority of patients was not diagnosed in vivo. This complication occurs most frequently shortly after the recovery from chemotherapy-induced aplasia. The mechanism of lesion is unknown, but it may involve the vascular tropism of FM and the release of leucocyte enzymes. Better preventive and therapeutic antifungal treatments are needed to avoid this serious, albeit rare, complication. PMID:7734347

Pagano, L; Ricci, P; Nosari, A; Tonso, A; Buelli, M; Montillo, M; Cudillo, L; Cenacchi, A; Savignana, C; Melillo, L

1995-03-01

130

Lo que da buen resultado en casa. Resultados de la investigacion y Actividades de aprendizaje: Sentido comun y diversion para ninos y adultos (What Works at Home. Research Findings and Learning Activities: Common Sense and Fun for Adults and Children).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort to encourage Hispanic parents to help their children in school, this home learning guide, which can also be obtained in taped versions, provides parents with learning activities with which to engage their children. Based on research findings, the activities are divided into the following categories: curriculum of the home,…

Crook, Shirley, Ed.

131

Genus Ixodes (Acari: Ixodidae) in Mexico: Adult Identification Keys, Diagnoses, Hosts, and Distribution (El genero Ixodes (Acari: Ixodidae) en Mexico: claves de identificacion para adultos, diagnosis, huespedes y distribucion).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Identification keys, diagnoses, hosts, and distribution data are provided for adults of the 26 species of Ixodes known from Mexico. Data are from specimens deposited in the Coleccion Nacional de Acaros (CNAC), Instituto de Biologia Universidad Nacional Au...

C. Guzman-Cornejo R. G. Robbins

2010-01-01

132

Cómo sentar las bases de una justicia universal: Creación de redes internacionales y ejercicio de la responsabilidad penal en el caso de violaciones de los derechos humanos en Chile y El Salvador \\/ Grounding global justice: international networks and domestic human rights accountability in Chile and El Salvador  

Microsoft Academic Search

Para algunos, la detención en Londres del ex-dictador chileno Augusto Pinochet, en 1998, fue una demostración paradigmática de la posible eficacia de las así llamadas «redes globales de la sociedad civil» para hacer efectiva la responsabilidad penal de ex Jefes de Estado por crímenes contra la humanidad. Sin embargo, el presente artículo cuestiona la eficacia de las acciones que pueden

Cath Collins

2007-01-01

133

Una Metodología para Ajustar y Compensar las Diferencias de Riesgo entre el Sistema Público y Privado de Salud en Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el marco conceptual de seguros de salud y ajuste de riesgo y a la luz de la experiencia internacional en Fondos de Compensación de Riesgos, este documento explora el problema del «descreme» que afecta al sistema de seguros Chileno. Se presenta una metodología para estimar diferencias de riesgo entre el sector público y privado de salud en Chile y

Verónica Vargas; Camilo Cid; Mauricio Matus; Iris Delgado; José Miguel Sánchez; Beatriz Heyermann; José Angulo

134

Movimientos anti-mineros: el caso de Pascua-Lama en Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

En los últimos años, el aumento de proyectos de minería aurífera en América Latina ha dado lugar a toda una serie de protestas comunitarias englobadas en la consigna del “NO a la minería de oro”. El conflicto de Pascua-Lama, en el chileno Valle del Huasco, fue estudiado durante cuatro meses de trabajo de campo dentro de la metodología de Investigación-Acción.

Leire Urkidi Azkarraga

2008-01-01

135

Psychological and Personality Undercurrents of a Drug User. Student Drug Use and the Hang-Loose Ethic. Students and Drug Use: A Study of Personality Characteristics and Extent of Drug Using Behavior. A Report on Drug Abuse in the City of Edmonton to the Mayor's Executive Committee on Drug Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 4 papers were presented at the Canadian Guidance and Counselling Convention, 1971. (1) Hughes used a questionnaire to show that marihuana users were more likely to subscribe to the "hang-loose ethic," i.e., a personal and social ethic antagonistic to the ideas of the Protestant ethic, as manifested in their behaviors; self-concepts;…

Paterson, John G.; And Others

136

Tools for evaluating Lipolexis oregmae (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) in the field: Effects of host aphid and host plant on mummy location and color plus improved methods for obtaining adults  

SciTech Connect

Lipolexis oregmae Gahan was introduced into Florida in a classical biological control program directed against the brown citrus aphid, Toxoptera citricida (Kirkaldy), on citrus. Prior to evaluating distribution, host range, and potential nontarget effects of L. oregmae in Florida, we evaluated the role of other potential host aphids and host plants on mummy production and location. Under laboratory conditions, this parasitoid produced the most progeny on the target pest, the brown citrus aphid on citrus. This parasitoid, unlike the majority of aphidiids, did not produce mummies on any of the host plants tested when reared in black citrus aphid T. aurantii (Boyer de Fonscolombe) on grapefruit, spirea aphid Aphis spiraecola Patch on grapefruit and pittosporum, cowpea aphid A. craccivora Koch on grapefruit and cowpeas, or melon aphid A. gossypii Glover on grapefruit and cucumber. Thus, sampling for L. oregmae mummies of these host aphids and host plants must involve holding foliage in the laboratory until mummies are produced. This parasitoid requires high relative humidity to produce adults because no adults emerged when mummies were held in gelatin capsules, but high rates of emergence were observed when mummies were held on 1.5% agar plates. In addition, we compared the color of 6 aphid hosts and the color of mummies produced by L. oregmae when reared in them to determine if color of mummies could be used to identify L. oregmae . Mummy color varied between aphid hosts and tested host plants, and is not a useful tool for identifying L. oregmae for nontarget effects. (author) [Spanish] Lipolexis oregmae Gahan fue introducida en Florida por medio de un programa de control biologico clasico dirigido contra el afido pardo de los citricos, Toxoptera citricida (Kirkaldy), sobre Citrus. Prioritario a la evaluacion de la distribucion, el rango de los hospederos y los efectos potenciales de L. oregmae sobre los organismos que no son el enfoque de control en la Florida, nosotros evaluamos el papel de otras especies de afidos y plantas hospederas potenciales sobre la produccion y ubicacion de las momias. Bajo condiciones de laboratorio, este parasitoide produjo el mayor numero de progenies sobre la especie de plaga enfocada, el afido pardo de los citricos sobre Citrus . Este parasitoide, no como la mayoria de los afidiidos (Hymenoptera), no produjo momias sobre cualquiera de las plantas hospederas probadas cuando fue criado sobre el afido negro de los citricos, ( T. aurantii (Boyer de Fonscolombe)) en toronja, el afido spirea (Aphis spiraecola Patch) en toronja y pittosporum, el afido del caupi (A. craccivora Koch) en toronja y caupi o el afido del melon (A. gossypii Glover) en toronja y pepino. Asi, el muestreo para momias de L. oregmae de estas especies de afidos hospederos y plantas hospederas tiene que incluir el mantenimiento de follaje en el laboratorio hasta que se produzcan las momias. Este parasitoide requiere una alta humedad relativa para producir los adultos por que ningun adulto emergio cuando las momias fueron mantenidas en capsulas de gelatina, pero una tasa alta de emergencia de adultos fue observada cuando se mantuvo las momias en platos con agar al 1.5%. Ademas de esto, nosotros comparamos el color de 6 especies de afidos hospederos, asi como el color de las momias producidos por L. oregmae cuando fue criado sobre ellos para determinar si se puede usar el color de las momias para la identificacion de L. oregmae . El color de las momias varia entre las especies de afidos hospederos y las plantas hospederas probadas, por lo que no es una herramienta util para la identificacion de L. oregmae o para la evaluacion de su efecto sobre los organismos que no son el enfoque del control. (author)

Singh, R.; Hoy, M.A. [Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

2007-03-15

137

Dispersal and longevity of wild and mass-reared Anastrepha Ludens and Anastrepha Obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

SciTech Connect

The rates of dispersal and survival of sterile mass-reared laboratory flies and sterile wild flies of Anastrepha ludens (Loew) and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) were estimated and compared with a regular rectangular array of 64 food-baited traps spaced 60 m between traps around the release point in Tapachula Chiapas, Mexico. The traps were scored every day during the first week, and then every 3 d over a 30-d period. For A. obliqua, the number of males recaptured was higher than that of females, while for A. ludens, females were recaptured more frequently than males. The recapture rate for the wild strains ranged from 0.6-24.8% for A. ludens and 1.3-16.2% for A. obliqua and the corresponding ranges for the mass-reared strains were 0.5-7.1% and 0.5-3.0% respectively. The life expectancy was 4.7 d for wild and 4.3 d for mass-reared A. obliqua males but 3 and 2 d, respectively, for wild and mass-reared A. ludens males. The net displacement of A. ludens and A. obliqua ranged approximately from 100-250 m and took place mostly on the first day. Wild A. ludens moved to the northwest from the release point while the mass-reared strain moved to the west. The A. obliqua wild flies moved to the west, while the mass-reared strain shifted to the southwest. We discuss the implications of our findings as to the spacing and frequency of sterile fly releases for the suppression of wild populations. (author) [Spanish] La dispersion y longevidad de las moscas esteriles silvestres y de cria masiva de Anastrepha ludens (Loew) y A. obliqua (Macquart) fueron determinadas y comparadas utilizando un arreglo rectangular de 64 trampas espaciadas a 60 metros entre trampas alrededor del punto de liberacion en Tapachula Chiapas, Mexico. Las trampas fueron revisadas y evaluadas diariamente durante la primera semana y despues cada tres dias hasta completar 30 dias. Para A. obliqua la cantidad de machos capturados fue mayor que la cantidad de hembras; mientras que para A. ludens las hembras fueron capturadas con mayor frecuencia que los machos. La recaptura de moscas silvestres de A. ludens fue de 0.6 a 24.8%, para A. obliqua fue del 1.3 al 16.2%, para moscas de laboratorio fue de 0.5 a 7.1 y 0.5 a 3%, respectivamente. La esperanza de vida correspondio a 4.7 y 4.3 dias para machos silvestres y de laboratorio de A. obliqua respectivamente; mientras que 3 y 2 dias fueron para los machos silvestres y de laboratorio de A. ludens . La dispersion para A. ludens y A. obliqua fue de 100 a 250 m tanto para individuos silvestres como de laboratorio. Los adultos de A. ludens silvestre se desplazaron del punto central de liberacion al noroeste, los individuos de laboratorio se movieron hacia el oeste del plano Cartesiano. A su vez los adultos de A. obliqua silvestre se movieron hacia el oeste y las de laboratorio hacia el suroeste. Discutimos las implicaciones de nuestros resultados con relacion al espaciamiento y frecuencia de las liberaciones de moscas esteriles para la supresion de poblaciones silvestres. (author)

Hernandez, E.; Orozco, D.; Flores Breceda, S.; Dominguez, J. [Programa Moscamed-Moscafrut-Desarrollo de Metodos, Calle Central Poniente No. 14 Altos, 30700 Tapachula, Chiapas (Mexico)

2007-03-15

138

Host Plants of Xylosandrus mutilatus in Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

Host range of Xylosandrus mutilatus (Blandford) in North America is reported here for the first time. Descriptive data such as number of attacks per host, size of stems at point of attacks, and height of attacks above ground are presented. Hosts observed in Mississippi were Acer rubrum L., Acer saccharum Marsh., Acer palmatum Thunb., Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K. Koch., Cornus florida L., Fagus grandifolia Ehrh., Liquidamber styraciflua L., Carya spp., Liriodendron tulipifera L., Melia azedarach L., Pinus taeda L., Prunus serotina Ehrh., Prunus americana Marsh., Ulmus alata Michaux, and Vitus rotundifolia Michaux. Liquidamber styraciflua had significantly more successful attacks, significantly higher probability of attacks, and significantly higher number of adult beetles per host tree than did Carya spp., A. rubrum, and L. tulipifera. This information is relevant in determining the impact this exotic beetle may have in nurseries, urban areas, and other forestry systems where this beetle becomes established. (author) [Spanish] El rango de hospederos de Xylosandrus mutilatus (Blandford) en America del Norte esta reportado aqui por la primera vez. Se presentan datos descriptivos como el numero de ataques por hospederos, el tamano de los tallos en el punto de ataque y la altura por encima del nivel de tierra de los ataques. Los hospederos observados en el estado de Mississippi fueron Acer rubrum L., Acer saccharum Marsh., Acer palmatum Thunb., Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K. Koch., Cornus florida L., Fagus grandifolia Ehrh., Liquidamber styraciflua L., Carya spp., Liriodendron tulipifera L., Melia azedarach L., Pinus taeda L., Prunus serotina Ehrh., Prunus americana Marsh., Ulmus alata Michaux y Vitus rotundifolia Michaux. Liquidamber styraciflua tuvo ataques significativamente mas exitosos, una probabilidad significativamente mas alta de ataques y un numero significativamente mayor de adultos de escarabajos por arbol hospedero que Carya spp., A. rubrum y L. tulipifera. Esta informacion es pertinente en determinar el impacto que pueda tener este escarabajo exotico en invernaderos, areas urbanas y otros sistemas forestales donde el escarabajo se establece. (author)

Stone, W.D.; Nebeker, T.E. [Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Mississippi State University, Box 9775, Mississippi State, MS 39762 (United States); Gerard, P.D. [Experimental Statistics Unit, Mississippi State University, Box 9731, Mississippi State, MS 39762 (United States)

2007-03-15

139

Hallazgos histopatológicos en la gastritis nodular. Experiencia en el Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: La gastritis nodular (GN) es un hallazgo endoscópico frecuente en adultos. Desde enero de 1994 a abril 1997 hemos observado que de 3600 endoscopías altas 261 pacientes presentaban este hallazgo. Se piensa que la GN es más frecuente en adultos jóvenes y sobretodo en mujeres. Existe bibliografía que afirma que se presenta en niños con más frecuencia y

Samuel Maghidman; Jaime Cok; Alejandro Bussalleu; TRABAJOS ORIGINALES

2001-01-01

140

Compatibility and competitiveness of a laboratory strain of Anastrepha Fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) after irradiation treatment  

SciTech Connect

We evaluated under semi-natural field cage conditions sexual compatibility and competitiveness of a laboratory strain (LAB) compared to a wild population (TUC) of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann). The LAB strain is produced under semi-mass rearing conditions at the Estacion Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres facility (Tucuman, Argentina). Wild flies were obtained at Horco Molle (Tucuman, Argentina) from infested guava fruits. LAB pupae were irradiated ({sup 60}Co) 48 h before adult emergence. The tested doses were 0 (control), 40, 70, and 100 Gy. Twenty-five males and 25 females each of TUC and LAB were released into cages and mating pairs collected. Only 1 irradiation dose was considered at a time. Females were separated and allowed to lay eggs into artificial fruits to estimate induced sterility from the corresponding hatching rate. Copulation start time did not differ significantly between strains nor among irradiation treatments. Copulation duration showed highly significant differences among irradiation doses, but no differences between strains. The index of sexual isolation (ISI) and the relative sterility index (RSI) indices indicated that LAB and TUC are fully compatible, males from TUC and LAB did not differ in mating competitiveness, and irradiation within the range tested did not affect these indices. Non-irradiated LAB females exhibited higher mating propensity than TUC ones. However, a significant reduction in the female relative performance index (FRPI) index was observed with increasing irradiation dose. The analysis of induced sterility indicated that treatment with 40 Gy reduces male fertility from about 80% to 0.75%, and higher doses produce total sterility. In females, the 40 Gy dose reduces fertility to about 2% and higher doses prevent egg laying. (author) [Spanish] Se evaluo bajo condiciones semi-naturales en jaulas de campo la compatibilidad y la competitividad sexual de una linea de laboratorio (LAB) con respecto a una poblacion salvaje (TUC) de Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann). La linea de laboratorio se produce en condiciones de cria semi-masiva en las instalaciones de la Estacion Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres (Tucuman, Argentina). Las moscas salvajes se obtuvieron de frutas infestadas de guayabos en Horco Molle (Tucuman, Argentina). Las pupas de laboratorio fueron irradiadas ({sup 60}Co) 48 horas antes de la emergencia del adulto. Las dosis utilizadas fueron 0 (control), 40, 70, y 100 Gy. Se liberaron 25 machos y 25 hembras de TUC y LAB dentro de las jaulas y se recolectaron las parejas formadas. Solo se considero 1 dosis de irradiacion por vez. Las hembras apareadas fueron separadas y se les permitio poner huevos en frutas artificiales para estimar la esterilidad inducida a traves del porcentaje de eclosion. La hora de inicio de la copula no difirio significativamente entre poblaciones ni entre los tratamientos de irradiacion. La duracion de la copula mostro grandes diferencias entre dosis de irradiacion pero no entre cepas. Los indices ISI (aislamiento) y el RSI (esterilidad relativa) indican que LAB y TUC son totalmente compatibles, los machos de TUC y LAB no difieren en su competitividad y la irradiacion dentro del rango de dosis utilizadas tampoco afecto este indice. Las hembras LAB no irradiadas muestran una mayor propension para el apareamiento que las hembras de TUC. Sin embargo se observo una reduccion significativa del indice FRPI (actuacion relativa de hembras) a medida que se aumenta la dosis de irradiacion. El analisis de la esterilidad inducida indica que con dosis de 40 Gy la fertilidad disminuye del 80% al 0.75%, y con dosis mayores la esterilidad fue total. Las hembras irradiadas con dosis de 40 Gy tienen una fertilidad de aproximadamente 2% y con dosis mayores no ponen huevos. (author)

Allinghi, A. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, CNEA (Argentina); Calcagno, G.; Gomez Cendra, P.; Vilardi, J.C. [Depto. Ecologia, Genetica y Evolucion, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Buenos Aires (1428) Buenos Aires (Argentina); Petit-Marty, N.; Segura, D.; Cladera, J. [Instituto de Genetica, INTA, Castelar (Argentina); Vera, T.; Gramajo, C.; Willink, E. [Estacion Experimental Agro-industrial Obispo Colombres, Tucuman (Argentina)

2007-03-15

141

Determinação dos diagnósticos de depressão, tentativa de suicídio, gravidez, vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) e doenças sexualmente transmissíveis (DST) em adolescentes e adultos jovens Determination of the diagnoses of depression, suicide attempts, pregnancy, human immunodefficiency virus (HIV), and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in adolescents and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this work was to determine the frequency of diagnoses of depression, suicide attempts, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), Human Immunodefficiency Virus (HIV) and pregnancy, in data collected from 2523 medical records of adolescents between the ages of 10 to 16 years old, and 17 to 25 years old, attended at University Hospital (University Hospital \\/ State University of

Sandra Odebrecht; Vargas Nunes; Rosemarie Elizabeth de Abreu; Ana Lúcia; Mariane Vargas; Alves Nunes; Renata Merli Franco; Luisa Raizer Barbosa

142

Características clínicas y epidemiológicas del melanoma cutáneo en adultos jóvenes menores de 30 años en el área sanitaria Virgen Macarena de Sevilla Epidemiologic and Clinical Features of Malignant Melanoma in Young Adults Under Age 30 in the Virgen Macarena Healthy Area of Sevilla  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Epidemiologic and clinicopathologic features of malignant melanoma in 424 patients (184 males, 240 females) between 1981 and 2003 were investigated. The total number of patients was divided in two age groups < 30 years (nº 39) and ? 30 years (nº 385), and we realized a comparative study between groups both. The female sex was the most frequent and

Irene García-Morales; Amalia Pérez-Gil; Alberto Herrera; Francisco M. Camacho; Irene García Morales

143

The influence of HLA-matched sibling donor availability on treatment outcome for patients with AML: an analysis of the AML 8A study of the EORTC Leukaemia Cooperative Group and GIMEMA. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer. Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto.  

PubMed

To determine whether patients with a HLA-identical sibling donor have a better outcome than patients without a donor, an analysis on the basis of intention-to-treat principles was performed within the framework of the EORTC-GIMEMA randomized phase III AML 8A trial. Patients in complete remission (CR) received one intensive consolidation course. Patients with a histocompatible sibling donor were then allocated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (alloBMT), the patients without a donor were randomized between autologous BMT (ABMT) and a second intensive consolidation (IC2). 831 patients <46 years old and alive >8 weeks from diagnosis were included. HLA typing was performed in 672 patients. AlloBMT was performed during CR1 in 180 (61%) out of 295 patients with a donor. Another 38 patients were allografted: five in resistant disease, 14 during relapse and 19 in CR2. ABMT was performed in 130 (34%) out of 377 patients without a donor in CR1, in six (2%) patients during relapse and in 38 (10%) patients during CR2. The disease-free survival (DFS) from CR for patients with a donor was significantly longer than for patients without a donor (46% v 33% at 6 years; P=0.01, RR 0.78, 95% confidence interval 0.63-0.96). The overall survival from diagnosis for patients with a donor was longer, but not statistically significant, than for patients without a donor (48% v 40% at 6 years; logrank P=0.24). When patients were stratified according to prognostic risk groups, the same trend in favour of patients with a donor was seen for survival duration and the DFS remained significantly longer for this group of patients. PMID:9753069

Keating, S; de Witte, T; Suciu, S; Willemze, R; Hayat, M; Labar, B; Resegotti, L; Ferrini, P R; Caronia, F; Dardenne, M; Solbu, G; Petti, M C; Vegna, M L; Mandelli, F; Zittoun, R A

1998-09-01

144

Centre effect on treatment outcome for patients with untreated acute myelogenous leukaemia? An analysis of the AML 8A Study of the Leukemia Cooperative Group of the EORTC and GIMEMA. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Leukemia Cooperative Group and the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto (GIMEMA).  

PubMed

In the AML 8A study patients were treated with remission-induction therapy followed by one consolidation course. Patients in complete remission (CR) were randomised between autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) and a second intensive consolidation course, except for those with a histocompatible sibling donor, who received allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (alloBMT). This analysis was performed to determine whether centres which only performed induction and consolidation therapy, achieved similar results as centres who also performed transplantation. 542/676 (80%) from transplantation centres and 150/194 (77%) from referring centres achieved CR, with an early death rate of 5% and 11%, respectively (P = 0.01). 66% of patients with a donor from transplantation centres received alloBMT in first CR compared with 57% from referring centres (P = 0.2). Transplantation centres randomised 64% of patients without a donor, referring centres 47% (P = 0.04). The full protocol treatment was completed by 275/542 (51%) and 61/150 (41%) patients, respectively (P = 0.04). The overall survival rate at 6 years from diagnosis was 34% and 36%, respectively (P = 0.9). In conclusion, the type of centre did not appear to have an influence on overall survival. The feasibility of the study was acceptable for both types of centres. The referring centres applied more selection for transplantation. Despite a more intensive second-line treatment at transplantation centres, the overall outcome remained similar to that of referring centres. PMID:10673975

Keating, S; de Witte, T; Suciu, S; Mandelli, F; Damasio, E; Willemze, R; Morra, E; Amadori, S; Dardenne, M; Vegna, M L; Zittoun, R A

1999-10-01

145

Intensive consolidation therapy compared with standard consolidation and maintenance therapy for adults with acute myeloid leukaemia aged between 46 and 60 years: final results of the randomized phase III study (AML 8B) of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) and the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto (GIMEMA) Leukemia Cooperative Groups.  

PubMed

The most effective post-remission treatment to maintain complete remission (CR) in adults aged between 46 and 60 years with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is uncertain. Previously untreated patients with AML in CR after induction chemotherapy with daunorubicin and cytarabine were randomized between two intensive courses of consolidation therapy containing high-dose cytarabine, combined with amsacrine or daunorubicin and a standard consolidation and maintenance therapy containing standard dose cytarabine and daunorubicin. One hundred fifty-eight CR patients were assigned to the intensive group and 157 patients to the standard group. After a median follow-up of 7.5 years, the 4-year survival rate was 32 % in the intensive group versus 34 % in the standard group (P = 0.29). In the intensive group, the 4-year relapse incidence was lower than in the standard group: 55 and 75 %, respectively (P = 0.0003), whereas treatment-related mortality incidence was higher: 22 versus 3 % (P < 0.0001). Two intensive consolidation courses containing high-dose cytarabine as post-remission treatment in patients with AML aged between 46 and 60 years old did not translate in better long-term outcome despite a 20 % lower relapse incidence. Better supportive care and prevention of treatment-related complications may improve the overall survival after intensified post-remission therapy in this age group. PMID:22460947

Hengeveld, Marysia; Suciu, Stefan; Karrasch, Matthias; Specchia, Giorgina; Marie, Jean-Pierre; Muus, Petra; Petti, Maria C; Rotoli, Bruno; Amadori, Sergio; Fioritoni, Guiseppe; Leoni, Pietro; Morra, Enrica; Thaler, Joseph; Resegotti, Luigi; Fazi, Paola; Vignetti, Marco; Mandelli, Franco; Zittoun, Robert; de Witte, Theo

2012-06-01

146

Capacitacion de educadores para areas marginales--I: Caracteristicas y necesidades educativas de los ninos, jovenes y adultos en las poblaciones menos favorecidas, rurales y urbanas. Tercera edicion (Preparation of Educators for Marginal Areas--I: Educational Needs and Characteristics of Children, Youth and Adults in Disadvantaged Populations, Rural and Urban. Third Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty percent of the families in Latin America have an income which does not provide essential necessities. Two-thirds of poor families live in the countryside, while the remainder reside in urban slums. The key variable in explaining poverty is education. Without education these families have irregular, unstable, and low paying employment…

Tedesco, Juan Carlos

147

FUNCIONALIDADE DO SULCO DO RETÍCULO EM BOVINOS ADULTOS E AVALIAÇÃO DE TÉCNICAS ALTERNATIVAS P ARA PREP ARAÇÃO, INFUSÃO E COLET A DE MARCADORES DA FASE FLUIDA RUMINAL Reticular groove functionality in adult cattle and evaluation of alternative techniques for preparation, infusion and sampling of ruminal fluid phase markers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this work were to determine the functionality of the reticular groove in adult cattle and to evaluate alternative techniques for preparation, infusion and collection of ruminal dynamics markers. Four cows with rumen cannulas were used in three experimental assays. In the first assay the water percentage that passed directly to the omasum (27.39 %) tended to be

João Luiz; Pratti Daniel; Leandra Queiroz de Melo; Rooveth Luis Melo de Souza; Mario César Guerrero

148

Nesting biology, morphological remarks, and description of the mature larva of Mellinus arvensis obscurus (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) in Nepal  

SciTech Connect

Recently re-named as a sub-species of Mellinus arvensis, Mellinus arvensis obscurus Handlirsch 1888 was investigated ecologically and morphologically in Nepal, in order to underline the most important differences with the well known M. arvensis arvensis. Mellinus arvensis obscurus females nested in clumped aggregations on inclined plains at high altitudes, both on sunny bare soil and on a shaded grassy one. Beginning of monsoon season probably interfered with wasp activity, and females performed few provisioning flights during the day. Prey consisted of a broad range of Diptera, except for one case of a spider. Many females were observed not provisioning a nest but floating on the nesting site, and many intraspecific interactions suggested a high degree of usurpation attempts. At least one species of flies and two of ants probably acted as natural enemies of the wasp. Morphological observations on females showed that the Nepal population shares more similarities (shape of tergite I, body punctation) with the European populations than with the closer Japanese population; melanization is strong, according to west-east and altitudinal cline. The mature larva of M. arvensis obscurus Handlirsch is described, illustrated, and compared with the other mature larva of the genus. The differences between both larvae mainly lie in the presence/absence, and number or differentiation of integumental structures. We conclude that morphological traits are more important than ecological and behavioral ones in distinguishing M. arvensis obscurus from M. arvensis arvensis. (author) [Spanish] En el presente articulo se aportan los resultados y conclusiones de un estudio, llevado a cabo en Nepal, en el que se abordaron aspectos ecologicos, comportamentales y morfologicos (tanto del ultimo estado de la fase larvaria como del adulto) de Mellinus arvensis obscurus Handlirsch 1888. El principal objetivo del estudio radicaba en mostrar las principales diferencias que separan a esta subespecie de la bien estudiada subespecie nominal. Mellinus arvensis obscurus nidifica a gran altitud, en terreno inclinado, con y sin vegetacion, expuesto en mayor o menor medida al sol y en agregaciones muy compactas. Durante la estacion lluviosa la hembras llevan a cabo pocos vuelos de aprovisonamiento. Las presas pertenecen al orden de los dipteros, aunque, en una ocasion se observo el aporte de una arana. Gran numero de las interacciones intraespecificas observadas sugieren un alto grado de intentos de usurpacion de nidos. Los enemigos naturales mas sobresalientes pertenecen al orden de los dipteros y a la familia de los formicidos. Del estudio morfologico del adulto, mencionaremos que la foma del terguito 1 y la escultura del cuerpo, en las hembras de las poblaciones del Nepal, son mas semejantes a los de las hembras de las poblaciones europeas que no a los de las japonesas. De la fase larvaria se describe el ultimo estado larvario, a la vez que se compara con la otra larva madura ya descrita del genero. Las diferencias entre ambas larvas maduras radican en la presencia/ausencia, numero o diferenciacion de las estructuras tegumentarias. El estudio finaliza concluyendo que los rasgos morfologicos son mas importantes, que los aspectos ecologicos y comportamentales, a la hora de establecer una separacion entre las dos subespecies (author)

Boesi, R.; Polidori, C.; Andrietti, F. [Dipartimento di Biologia, Sezione di Zoologia e Citologia, Universita degli Studi di Milano-Via Celoria, 26, 20133, Milan (Italy); Gayubo, S.F.; Tormos, J.; Asis, J.D. [Unidad de Zoologia, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Salamanca-37071, Salamanca (Spain)

2007-03-15

149

76 FR 62096 - Post Office Closing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...office in Redmon, Illinois. The petition was filed by Jim Cooper, Mayor of Redmon, Illinois (Petitioner) and is postmarked...office in Redmon, Illinois. The petition was filed by Jim Cooper, Mayor of Redmon, Illinois (Petitioner) and is...

2011-10-06

150

Production and quality assurance in the SIT Africa Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) rearing facility in South Africa  

SciTech Connect

A mass-rearing facility for Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) was commissioned in Stellenbosch in 1999 to produce sterile male fruit flies for a sterile insect technique (SIT) project in commercial fruit orchards and vineyards in the Western Cape province of South Africa. The mass-rearing procedure was largely based on systems developed by the FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, Seibersdorf, Austria. A number of genetic sexing strains were used to produce only males for release. Initial cramped rearing and quality management conditions were alleviated in 2001 with the construction of a new adult rearing room and quality control laboratory. In 2002 a comprehensive Quality Management System was implemented, and in 2003 an improved genetic sexing strain, VIENNA 8, was supplied by the FAO/IAEA Laboratory in Seibersdorf. For most of the first 3 years the facility was unable to supply the required number of sterile male Mediterranean fruit flies for the SIT program without importing sterile male pupae from another facility. From mid-2002, after the quality management system was implemented, both production and quality improved but remained below optimum. After the introduction of the VIENNA 8 genetic sexing strain, and together with an improvement in the climate control equipment, production stability, and quality assurance parameters improved substantially. The critical factors influencing production and quality were an inadequate rearing infrastructure, problems with the quality of the larval diet, and the initial absence of a quality management system. The results highlight the importance of effective quality management, the value of a stable and productive genetic sexing strain, and the necessity for a sound funding base for the mass-rearing facility. (author) [Spanish] La facilidad para criar en masa la mosca mediterranea de la fruta, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) fue comisionada en Stellenbosch en 1999 para producir machos esteriles de moscas para el proyecto de la tecnica del insecto esteril (TIE) en huertos de frutos y vinas comerciales en la provincia del Cabo Occidental del Sudafrica. El procedimiento de criar en masa fue en su mayor parte basado en los sistemas desarrollados por el Laboratorio de Agricultura y Biotecnologia de la FAO/IAEA, Seibersdorf, Austria. Un numero de razas que separara los sexos geneticamente fueron utilizadas para producir solo machos para la liberacion. La congestionada condicion inicial para criar las moscas y su manejo de calidad fueron aliviadas en 2001 con la construccion de un nuevo cuarto de cria para adultos y un laboratorio de control de calidad. En 2002, un Sistema de Manejo de Calidad comprensivo fue implementado, y en 2003 una raza mejorada que separa los sexos geneticamente, VIENNA 8, fue proveido por el Laboratorio de la FAO/IAEA en Seibersdorf. En la mayor parte de los primeros 3 anos la facilidad no pudo suplir el numero requerido de machos esteriles de la mosca mediterranea de la fruta para el programa de TIE sin la necesidad para importar machos esteriles de otra facilidad. Desde medio del ano de 2002, despues que el sistema de manejo de calidad fue implementado, la produccion y la calidad mejoraron pero aun quedaron por debajo del nivel optimo. Despues de la introduccion de la raza VIENNA 8 que separa los sexos geneticamente, y junto con el equipo mejorado de control de clima, la estabilidad y los parametros de seguridad de calidad mejoraron substancialmente. Los factores criticos que influyeron en la produccion y la calidad fueron la infraestructura inadecuada para criar las moscas, problemas con la calidad de la dieta para las larvas y la ausencia inicial de un sistema de manejo de calidad. Los resultados muestran claramente la importancia de un manejo efectivo de la calidad, el valor de una raza productiva que separa los sexos geneticamente y la necesidad de contar con una base solida de financimiento para la infraestructura de una cria en masa. (author)

Barnes, B. [Plant Protection Division, ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij Fruit, Vine and Wine Institute, Stellenbosch, 7599 (South Africa); Rosenberg, S.; Arnolds, L.; Johnson, J. [SIT Africa (Pty) Ltd., Stellenbosch, 7599 (South Africa)

2007-03-15

151

Taking Charge of Choice: How Charter School Policy Contexts Matter. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Against the backdrop of urban school politics, in which mayors play increasingly powerful and pivotal roles, the current study examines the origins and implications of mayoral control of charter school authorization and accountability in Indianapolis (see Henig & Rich, 2004; Wong & Shen, 2007). In contrast to analyses of mayoral takeovers of urban…

Smrekar, Claire

2011-01-01

153

75 FR 18084 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Kentucky: Fayette................. Lexington-Fayette October 7, 2009; The Honorable Jim...2009; Newberry, Mayor, Government (09-04- Lexington Herald- Lexington-Fayette Urban 1695P). Leader. County...

2010-04-09

154

The effects of training in time-limited dynamic psychotherapy: changes in therapeutic outcome.  

PubMed

The present study explored the effects on therapeutic outcomes of training therapists in brief manualized therapy. As part of the Vanderbilt II project, each of 16 therapists (8 psychiatrists and 8 clinical psychologists) treated 2 moderately disturbed adult patients using his or her customary short-term treatment methods; they then received a year of training in a manualized form of brief dynamic therapy, Time-Limited Dynamic Psychotherapy (TLDP); finally, they administered TLDP to 2 additional patients. It was hypothesized that training would result in improved outcomes generally and that differentially greater improvement would be seen in patients commonly considered less suitable for brief dynamic therapy. Outcome data obtained at termination failed to support either hypothesis. Measurements of interpersonal dependency obtained at a one-year follow-up were consistent with the first hypothesis, but the follow-up data were inconsistent with the second. A systematic review of the 32 posttraining cases suggested that the majority of the therapists had not achieved basic competence at TLDP. Die hier beschriebene Studie untersucht die Wirkungen eines Trainings in manualisierter Kurzzeitherapie auf das Therapierergebnis. Als Teil des Vanderbilt II Projektes behandelten jeweils 16 Therapeuten (8 Psychiater und 8 klinische Psychologen) zwei mittelgradig beeinrächtigte erwachsene Patienten mit den ihnen vertrauten Kurzzeitbehandlungsmethoden. Danach wurden sie über ein Jahr in einer manualisierten Form psychodynamischer Kurzzeittherapie ausgebildet und wandten diese Therapie auf zwei weitere Patienten an. Es wurde angenommen, dass die Ausbildung in besseren Ergebnisdaten, die bei Ende der Therapie erhoben wurden, konnten diese Hypothese nicht bestätigen. Maße für die interpersonale Abhängigkeit zu einem Einjahreskatamnesezeitpunkt waren mit der ersten Hypothese konform, aber inkonsistent mit der zweiten. Eine systematische Untersuchung der 32 nach der Ausbildung behandelten Fälle legt nahe, dass die Mehrzahl der Therapeuten keine grundlegende Kompetenz in zeitlich limitierter dynamischer Psychotherapie erworben hatte. Cette éude explore les effets sur les résultats thérapeutiques de la formation des thérapeutes dans une thérapie brève, manualissée. Dans le cadre du projet Vanderbilt II, chacun des 16 thérapeutes (8 psychiatrs et 8 psychologues cliniciens) a traité deux patients adultes modérément perturbés, chacun par sa méthode habituelle de thérapie brève; ensuite ils ont reçu une formation d'une année dans une méthode manualisée de thérapie brève, la Psychothérapie Dynamique Limitée dans le Temps (TLDP); pour finir, ils ont appliqué la TLDP à de meilleurs résultats en général, et qu'une amélioration comparativement plus importante sera observée chez des patients habituellement considérés comme moins adaptés à une thérapie dynamique brè. Les résultats obtenus à la terminaison n'ont pu confirmer aucune de ces hypothèses. Des mesures de la dépendance interpersonnelle une année après étaient consistantes avec la première hypothèse, mais les données catamnestiques étaient inconsistantes avec la deuxième. Une revue systématique des 32 cas après formation a suggéré que la majorité des thérapeutes n'avait pas acquis une compétence de base en TLDP. Este estudio exploró la efectividad del entrenamiento de terapeutas en una terapia breve manualizada. Como parte del proyecto Vanderbilt II, dieciséis terapeutas (ocho psiquiatras y ocho psicólogos clínicos) trataron dos pacientes adultos mooderadamente perturbados con sus métodos habituales de tratamiento a corto plazo. Estos terapeutas recibieron luego un año de entrenamiento en terapia dinámica breve manualizada que se Ilamó Psicoterapia Dinámica de Tiempo limitado (TLDP). Finalmente, administraron esta TLDP a dos pacientes más. La hipótesis fue que el entrenamiento ilevaría, en general, a resultados mejores y que habría mayor mejoramiento en pacientes menos aptos para una terapia dinámica breve. Los resultados

Bein, E; Anderson, T; Strupp, H; Henry, W; Schacht, T; Binder, J; Butler, S

2000-02-01

155

Sex and the Baths  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1984 debate about closing the baths in San Francisco the mayor directed the police to investigate sexual behavior in the bathhouses and write a report for her. The directive had been a secret, but when the community learned of the report, its response was quick and furious. The mayor squelched the report and no one but the report's

Michael Helquist

2003-01-01

156

Polimorfismos del cromosoma Y humano en poblaciones de la región norte del Perú Polymorphisms of the human Y chromosome in populations from northern Peru  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\/T, fue mayor en la población Aguaruna de Yamayakat (97%), disminuyendo en mestizos de Moche (73%), Santiago de Chuco (53%) y Trujillo (33%); por otro lado, el grado de mestizaje fue mayor en las poblaciones nor-occidentales. Los haplótipos más frecuentes fueron YAP - \\/C\\/24 en Trujillo (47%) y YAP - \\/T\\/24 en Santiago de Chuco (23%). La diversidad haplotípica en

Néstor Carbajal-Caballero; Susy Núñez; Milenka Narvaiza; Carlos Aguirre; Carlos Villanueva; Juan Muro; Luis Rodríguez-Delfín

157

Federal Food Programs-1975. Hearings before the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs of the United States Senate, Ninety-Fourth Congress, First Session. Part 8--Administrative Failure of Food Stamp Program. Hearings held Detroit, Michigan, Februrary 6, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings before the Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs focused on the Food Stamp Programs problems in Detroit, Michigan. Testimony was heard from such witnesses as the following: Coleman Young, Mayor of the City of Detroit; Eleanor Josatis, Chairwoman; Mayor-Common Council's Task Force on Hunger and Malnutrition; Muriel…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.

158

Hearings Before the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs of the United States Senate, Ninety-Second Congress, First Session on Nutrition and Human Needs, Part 6--Summer Feeding Program and USDA Decision to Withhold Funds for Section 32. Hearings Held Washington, D. C., June 25 and July 22, 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testimony concerning the Summer Feeding Program was heard during the June 25, 1971 hearing from R. S. Gribbs, mayor of Detroit, Mich.; K. Gibson, mayor of Newark, N. J. and, Arnold Robles and Edward Koplan, program administrators of Los Angeles County, Calif., and City of San Antonio, Texas. Testimony concerning the withholding of funds for…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.

159

Fwd: Opportunities Lost--How New York City Got Derailed on the Way to School Reform. Volume: I, Number: 3. Arresting Insights in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mayor Michael Bloomberg gave his first hint about his plans for reforming the New York City school system on Martin Luther King Day in January 2003. Mayor Bloomberg did not offer a single excuse for the disastrous state of the city's schools. Nor did he attribute that failure to poverty or racism. Breaking with 50 years of liberal political…

Stern, Sol

2004-01-01

160

Retaining Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 1995, the Chicago Public School system, the nation's third largest and, arguably, one of the most troubled, made national headlines when it was taken over by Mayor Richard M. Daley, then starting his third term and the most popular mayor since his father, Richard J. Daley, held the office for 21 years. By far the biggest reform…

Russo, Alexander

2005-01-01

161

The Critical Task of Hiring a New Chief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of the more than 14,000 districts nationwide, the critical task of hiring a new chief executive is entrusted to the school board. There are a few exceptions, such as when there are mayoral takeovers of districts and the mayor appoints a CEO. As board members rarely have the requisite experience or time to search, they often turn to…

Oishi, Lindsay

2012-01-01

162

Kids and Fitness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too many U.S. children are out of shape. Parents must help them learn to improve their fitness by exercising with them. The U.S. Conference of Mayors recently made physical fitness of the nation's children a primary emphasis. A sidebar presents information on how to contact local mayors to start up programs to help children improve their fitness.…

Corradini, Deedee

1999-01-01

163

Bullying in New York City Schools: Educators Speak out, 2009-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 3, 2008, Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Schools Chancellor Joel Klein announced Chancellor's Regulation A-832, which established a procedure for preventing and addressing student-to-student bias-based harassment in New York City public schools. Community members and advocates stood with the mayor and chancellor as they announced this…

Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, 2010

2010-01-01

164

Bias-Based Harassment in New York City Public Schools: A Report Card on the Department of Education's Implementation of Chancellor's Regulation A-832  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 3, 2008, Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Schools Chancellor Joel Klein announced Chancellor's Regulation A-832, which established a procedure for addressing student-to-student bias-based harassment, intimidation, and bullying. Community groups and advocates stood with the Mayor and Department of Education (DOE) leadership in announcing…

Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, 2009

2009-01-01

165

The Youth Preservation League  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the town of Madison, Indiana, the Mayor's Office started an initiative in 2000 called the Mayor's Eagles in partnership with Edward Eagleston Elementary School, known locally as the Eagles, using the historical expertise of Historic Madison, Inc., and the resources of the Madison Public Library. Through this program staff of Historic Madison,…

Morris, Ronald Vaughan

2008-01-01

166

Influência do veículo na eficácia da reposição de potássio em ratos hipocalêmicos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo Introdução: Pacientes após cirurgia cardíaca são comumente tratados com diuréticos para controle de volume plasmático. A preocupação de distúrbios hipocalêmicos em adultos antes, durante ou após a cirurgia já foi ressaltada anteriormente, visto o risco de arritmias cardíacas. Clinicamente, a diluição da solução de potássio (K+) para administração por via intravenosa, em situações que requerem a sua reposição é

Márcio Petenusso; Vitor Engrácia Valenti; Luiz Carlos de Abreu; Eduardo Colombari; Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca; Monica Akemi Sato

2009-01-01

167

Mass Mortality of Fishes in Lake Titicaca (Peru–Bolivia) Associated with the Protozoan Parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis  

Microsoft Academic Search

En deciembre de 1981, una epidemia causada per el parásite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis mató un estimado de 18 millones de “killifish” del género Orestias en el Lago Titicaca (Perú–Bolivia), un sistema tropical de altura. Adultos de O. agassii, especie de importancia comercial, y abundante en la zona litoral, representaron el 93% de los peces muertos colectados. Juveniles de Orestias spp., especies

Wayne A. Wurstbaugh; Rene Alfaro Tapia

1988-01-01

168

Measurement of Normal and Reportedly Malformed Palatal Vaults. II. Normal Juvenile Measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

SYNOPSIS IN INTERLINGUAMESURATION DE NORMAL E REPORTATEMENTE MALFORMATE VOLTAS PALATAL. 2. NORMAL MESURATIONES JUVENIL.—Le palatos de 1098 juveniles de Minnesota e de 224 adultos de Minneosta esseva mesurate in altura, latitude, e longor pro objectivos de comparation con le reportatemente alte o restringite palatos de subjectos con varie syndromes. Pro facilitar le comparationes, un indice de altura o restrictura relative

Robert S. Redman; Burton L. Shapiro; Robert J. Gorlin

1966-01-01

169

Intervenções em consciência fonológica e aprendizagem da linguagem escrita 1 Interventions in phonological conscience and learning of the written language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Vários estudos evidenciam alta associação entre a consciência fonológica e as habilidades de ler e escrever. Este trabalho tem como objetivo identificar e analisar pesquisas de intervenção em consciência fonológica e seus efeitos sobre a aprendizagem da linguagem escrita. São identificados três tipos de pesquisas: com adultos analfabetos, com crianças em dificuldade na aprendizagem da escrita e com pré-escolares.

Maria José dos Santos

170

Efectividad de un Programa de Promoción de Actividad Física (PPAF) desde los centros de atención primaria para aumentar los niveles de actividad física en población sedentaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introducción. La inactividad física es un factor de riesgo modificable de desarrollo de enfermedades crónicas. La elevada proporción de adultos sedentarios que acuden a los Centros de Atención Primaria (CAP) justifica las intervenciones de promoción de Actividad Física (AF) desde este ámbito. Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad de un Programa de Promoción de Actividad Física (PPAF) desde Atención Primaria (AP) para

Martin-Borràs Carme; Giné-Garriga Maria; Martín-Cantera Carlos; Puig-Ribera Anna; Duran-Bellido Eulàlia; Solà-Gonfaus Mercè; PPAF grupo

2002-01-01

171

GIMEMA-AIEOP AIDA protocol for the treatment of newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in pediatric acute promyelocytic leuke- mia (APL) is the topic of several ongoing studies. The results of the Italian pediat- ric experience with the multicentric Gruppo Italiano per le Malattie Emato- logiche dell'Adulto (GIMEMA)- Italian Pe- diatric Hematology and Oncology Group (AIEOP) \\

Anna Maria Testi; Andrea Biondi; Francesco Lo Coco; Maria Luisa Moleti; Fiorina Giona; Marco Vignetti; Giuseppe Menna; Franco Locatelli; Andrea Pession; Elena Barisone; Giulio De Rossi; Daniela Diverio; Concetta Micalizzi; Maurizio Arico; Giuseppe Basso; Robert Foa; Franco Mandelli

2005-01-01

172

Adherence to a Physical Activity Program by Older Adults in Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the results of a qualitative research project in which we investigated adherence factors to a physical activity (PA) program for older adults in Brazil named "Sem Fronteiras: Atividades Corporais Para Adultos Maduros e Idosos", which translated into English means "Without Borders: Physical Activities for Mature and Older…

de Souza, Doralice Lange; Vendruscolo, Rosecler

2010-01-01

173

75 FR 18079 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...September 23, 2009; The Honorable Butch January 28, 2009.............. 060359 09-1040P). September 30, 2009; Schaefer, Mayor, City of Anderson Valley Anderson, 1887 Howard Post. Street, Anderson, CA 96007....

2010-04-09

174

46 CFR 535.802 - Service contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Service contracts. (a) Ocean common carrier agreements...one or more shippers. (b) Ocean common carrier agreements...C. 40502(d)). (c) Ocean common carrier agreements may...or requirements affecting the right of an agreement member or...

2010-10-01

175

Great Lakes Mercury Emission Reduction Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Mercury Emission Reduction Strategy was developed at the direction of the Great Lakes Regional Collaboration (GLRC). The GLRC was convened by federal agencies, Great Lakes governors, Great Lakes mayors, Great Lakes tribes, and members of the Great La...

2010-01-01

176

La Ciencia y el Laboratorio Científico de Marte  

NASA Video Gallery

el robot más nuevo fabricado para Marte es el Laboratorio Científico de Marte o Curiosity. ¡Se encuentra listo para deambular por el planeta rojo con el mayor y más avanzado conjunto de instrumento...

177

Mujer de 90 años con dolor torácico pleurítico  

Microsoft Academic Search

El signo de Chilaiditi es una alteración anatómica que consiste en la interposición de una parte de colon generalmente el derecho entre hígado y diafragma. No es un cuadro frecuente y predomina sobre todo en varones mayores de 65 años.

Inmaculada Burgos Remacha; Julio Navaz Tejero; Juan Fernando Fernandez Moyano

2010-01-01

178

Laid Off But Moving On  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zenith Radio Corporation and General Electric, with an assist from the Chicago Mayor's Office of Manpower, have developed a program to upgrade workers with an experimental learning-on-layoff program. (Author/BP)

Bolinger, Joyce

1975-01-01

179

75 FR 34216 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to Executive Order 12978  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Quito, Ecuador; DOB 29 Jun 1948; POB Bogota, Colombia; Cedula No. 19074171 (Colombia...Colombia; c/o INVERSIONES MPS S.A., Bogota, Colombia; c/o MAYOR COMERCIALIZADORA LTDA., Bogota, Colombia; c/o MOR ALFOMBRAS...

2010-06-16

180

Manual de Contabilidad para Cooperativas Agropecuarias de Mercadeo (Accounting Manual for Agriculture Cooperatives Dedicated to Marketing).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is an accounting manual, geared to managers of agricultural marketing cooperatives. It contains the following chapters: Introduction to Accounting; Accounting Terminology; A System of Accounts; Daily Ledger ('Diario Mayor General Analitico); Other Bo...

G. Zurita

1971-01-01

181

78 FR 35302 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Works Department, April 18, 2013................. 060342 B-1294). Hills (12-09-2859P). Larsen, Mayor, Town 26379 Fremont Road, Los of Los Altos Hills, Altos Hills, CA 94022. 26379 Fremont Road, Los Altos...

2013-06-12

182

49 CFR 215.109 - Defective plain bearing box: Journal lubrication system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Defective plain bearing box: Journal lubrication system. 215.109 Section...109 Defective plain bearing box: Journal lubrication system. A railroad may...or (2) Metal parts contacting the journal; or (e) Isâ (1) Missing;...

2009-10-01

183

49 CFR 215.109 - Defective plain bearing box: Journal lubrication system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Defective plain bearing box: Journal lubrication system. 215.109 Section...109 Defective plain bearing box: Journal lubrication system. A railroad may...or (2) Metal parts contacting the journal; or (e) Isâ (1) Missing;...

2010-10-01

184

75 FR 35674 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...09-03-0870P)........ The News Journal. Executive, 87 Reads Way Corporate Commons...Marietta Daily 100 Cherokee Street, Journal. Marietta, GA 30090. DeKalb (FEMA...2009; Atlanta Franklin, Mayor, City of Journal- Atlanta, 55 Trinity...

2010-06-23

185

Tipos comunes de cáncer en la población general  

Cancer.gov

La lista de cánceres comunes incluye cánceres que se diagnostican con mayor frecuencia en Estados Unidos. Esta página ofrece las estadísticas de incidencia y mortalidad más recientes para estos tipos de cancer.

186

77 FR 44497 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...370180 (10-04-6903P). 30, 2011, The Kleinschmidt, Mayor, Chapel Hill Herald. Town of Chapel Hill, 405 Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard, Chapel Hill, NC 27514. Texas: Bexar...................... City of...

2012-07-30

187

76 FR 63332 - Post Office Closing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service's determination to close the Evansdale post office in Evansdale, Iowa. The petition for review was filed by Chad Deutsch, Mayor of the City of Evansdale (Petitioner) and is postmarked September 20, 2011. The Commission hereby institutes...

2011-10-12

188

78 FR 20937 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...City of The Honorable Public Works http:// May 24, 2013........... 125107 Gainesville, (12- Craig Lowe, Department, 306 www.bakeraecom.com/ 04-7870P). Mayor, City of Northeast 6th index.php/florida/...

2013-04-08

189

78 FR 28875 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Arapahoe (FEMA Docket No.: B- City of Aurora (12-08- The Honorable Steve Hogan...080002 1288). 0590P). Mayor, City of Aurora, Department, 15151 15151 East Alameda East Alameda Parkway, Aurora, CO 80012. Parkway, Aurora, CO...

2013-05-16

190

77 FR 425 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Adams & Arapahoe.............. City of Aurora (11-08- October 6, 2011; The Honorable Ed Tauer...080002 0699P). October 13, 2011; Mayor, City of Aurora, The Aurora Sentinel. 15151 East Alameda Parkway, Aurora,...

2012-01-05

191

77 FR 31216 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...94533. Colorado: Adams & Arapahoe (FEMA City of Aurora (11-08- October 6, 2011; The Honorable Ed Tauer...B-1235). 0699P). October 13, 2011; Mayor, City of Aurora, The Aurora Sentinel. 15151 East Alameda Parkway, Aurora,...

2012-05-25

192

76 FR 57767 - Post Office Closing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service's determination to close the Ionia post office in Ionia, Missouri. The petition was filed by William Smart, Mayor of the City of Ionia, Missouri (Petitioner) and was received by the Commission on August 31, 2011. The Commission...

2011-09-16

193

Apprentices in Trouble: Some Problems in the Training of Surgeons and Apothecaries in Seventeenth Century London  

PubMed Central

Mayor's Court interrogatories and depositions in six disputes between apprentices and their surgeon and apothecary masters in London in 1654-1684 are reviewed. Evidence is presented to illustrate aspects of the operation of the apprentice system.

Forbes, Thomas R.

1979-01-01

194

77 FR 77081 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Orange...................... City of Dana Point The Honorable Lara City Hall, 33282 http://www...Mayor, Golden Lantern, Docs/12-09-1603P- City of Dana Dana Point, CA 060736-102DA.pdf. Point, 33282...

2012-12-31

195

Policy Frontiers of Urban Development. Final Project Report for EDA (Economic Development Administration).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Conference of Mayors held a series of policy forums on selected current urban economic development topics: (1) development finance, (2) industrial policy, (3) economic adjustment with a special emphasis on the auto industry, (4) foreign ...

1982-01-01

196

"Quality Education Is Our Moon Shot": An Interview with Secretary of Education Arne Duncan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Secretary of Education Arne Duncan. In this interview, Duncan talks about the goal for his work leading American schools and how merit pay, charter schools, and mayoral control would improve student learning.

Richardson, Joan

2009-01-01

197

78 FR 58332 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...360495 1313). Stream (12-02-1677P). Fare, Mayor, Village of South Central Valley Stream, 123 South Avenue, Valley Central Avenue, Valley Stream, NY 11580. Stream, NY 11580. Orange (FEMA Docket No.: B- Town of...

2013-09-23

198

78 FR 20332 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Central team.com/lomrs.htm. 1677P). Mayor, Village of Avenue, Valley Valley Stream, Stream, NY 11580. 123 South Central Avenue, Valley Stream, NY 11580. Orange...................... Town of Newburgh The...

2013-04-04

199

GREEN ROOFS AS A CONTRIBUTION TO REDUCE URBAN HEAT ISLANDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The urban heat load is being increasingly conceived as a mayor problem in many cities. In Germany urban climate has become an important factor in urban planning since the late seventies. The expression of the \\

Manfred Köhler; Marco Schmidt; Michael Laar

200

77 FR 12501 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...78154. Guadalupe..................... City of Selma (11-06- November 28, 2011; The Honorable Tom Daly, April 3, 2012.................. 480046 1933P). December 5, 2011; Mayor, City of Selma, The Daily...

2012-03-01

201

Cities of the Mind.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A discussion is made of the nature and sources of the urban crisis, a debate which has often been called a national sport, particularly appealing to amateur humanitarians, social scientists, journalists, and embattled mayors. It is, the author claims, an ...

D. Yates

1972-01-01

202

Los desafíos de tratar con las atmósferas: Entrada, Descenso y Aterrizaje  

NASA Video Gallery

Ya sea aterrizando en Marte o de regreso a la Tierra, uno de los mayores desafíos de cualquier misión es la entrada, descenso y aterrizaje. Solo piense -- una nave espacial que pasa volando a toda ...

203

75 FR 18088 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...City of Hampton (09- November 9, 2009...Mayor, City Daily Press. of Hampton, 22 Lincoln Street, 8th Floor, Hampton, VA 23669. City of Newport...Star-Tribune. Casper, 200 North David Street, Casper, WY...

2010-04-09

204

Repairing the Economic Ladder: A Transformative Investment Strategy To Reduce Poverty and Expand America's Middle Class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How can the United States work to alleviate poverty and create work opportunities for its residents? This is by no means a simple problem, and this area of public policy was recently taken up by the United States Conference of Mayors. Under the direction of Los Angeles' mayor, Antonio Villaraigosa, the Conference's Taskforce on Poverty, Work, and Opportunity created this 28-page document. Released in January 2007, the document draws on the observations of mayors around the country and their colleagues. The report notes that there are a number of opportunities, such as the fact that the globalization of trade and commerce has spurred demand for highly skilled labor and accountability in the educational systems of large cities. The document also spells out three primary investment strategies for the short and long term, including making substantial investments in the life-long education and skills development of tomorrow's workers.

2007-01-24

205

Volcanological evolution of Paniri volcano, Central Andes, northern Chile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

San Pedro-Linzor volcanic chain (SPLVC) is located between 21°45'S-22°15'S, in the Recent volcanic arc of Central Andes. This volcanic chain comprises several volcanic edifices and dacitic domes, with a total lenght of ~65 km. Volcanic structures distributed in SPLVC show a NW-SE trending orientation and have been been built over Miocene ignimbrite fields. Paniri volcano (5946 m a.s.l.) is a composite stratovolcano located in SPLVC, and distributes southwards San Pedro - San Pablo volcanic complex, at the northern side of Chao Dacite. In this work, the volcanological evolution of Paniri is presented. This volcanic edifice is constituted by two cones, generated during four stages. The first stage corresponds to the plateau-type stage consituted by extensive andesitic and basaltic-andesite lavas and scoria flows that overlie the ignimbritic basement of the volcano. Over these mafic flows, thick dacitic flows were erupted at the northern, southern and southwestern flank of the volcano. After this stage, the main edifice was constructed, presenting two stages: the Old and the Young Cone. The Old Cone Stage was built on the southern part of the volcano. It is constituted by andesitic-to-dacitic lavas and pyroclastic flows. After that, lavic and pyroclastic flows were erupted north of the Old Cone, generating the Young Cone Stage, corresponding to lavas and pyroclastic flows that overlay the previous Old Cone. Composition of the flows of this stage vary from basaltic-andesite to dacite. An 40Ar/39Ar radiometric measure from an basaltic-andesite lava flow of the Young Cone Stage gave a plateau age of 400±50 ka. Significant dissection by glacial erosion affect southern flank of old cone and diverse parts of young cone, being in the last less pervasive. Frontal and lateral morraines deposits are present in the related glacial valleys. The last stage in the evolution of this volcano corresponds to emision of andesitic flows, with autobreccia textures. These flows reach up to 7 km and come from the Young Cone summit, covering the lava flows erupted in the previous stage. Thus, according with the presented evolution, Paniri is similar to San Pedro, Cerro del León, and Toconce volcanoes, distributed in SPLVC. Stratigraphic relation, glacial erosion and radiometric dating indicate that this volcano is younger than Cerro del Leon and Toconce southwards, both showing a marked hydrothermal alteration (López et al., 2012; Silva et al., 2012), and older than Chao Dacite, and San Pedro - San Pablo volcanic complex. No historical activity have been observed for Paniri volcano. References López, C., Aguilera, F., Godoy, B., Wörner, G., y Kojima, S., 2012. Evolución del sitema volcánico Toconce (Región de Antofagasta, Chile) mediante interpretación fotogeológica, petrográfica y geoquímica. In XIII Congreso Geológico Chileno. 13 - 17 agosto, Antofagasta, Chile. Silva, F., Aguilera, F., Godoy, B., Wörner, G., y Kojima, S., 2012. Evolución del sitema volcánico Cerro del León (Región de Antofagasta, Chile) mediante interpretación fotogeológica, petrográfica y geoquímica. In XIII Congreso Geológico Chileno. 13 - 17 agosto, Antofagasta, Chile.

Lazcano, J.; Godoy, B.; Aguilera, F.; Wilke, H.

2012-12-01

206

Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volatile contents of melt inclusions trapped within phenocrysts of quartz and feldspar in peralkaline rhyolites from Mayor Island, New Zealand, have been studied using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and ion microprobe analyses. The glass inclusions analyzed span the ~ 130 ka subaerial eruptive history of the island and come from volcanic deposits representing a wide range of eruptive styles

J. Barclay; M. R. Carroll; B. F. Houghton; C. J. N. Wilson

1996-01-01

207

Five Who Make a Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles this year's winners of the Charles Frankel Prize, awarded to individuals who have stimulated and expanded public understanding of the humanities. The recipients are Rita Dove (poet), Doris Kearns Goodwin (historian/author), Daniel Kemmis (mayor/author), Arturo Madrid (professor), and Bill Moyers (television producer). (MJP)

Marsh, Ellen; Beatty, Mary Lou

1997-01-01

208

Sustainable Trail Management in Costa Rica National Parks: The use of photography for trail surfacing decisions under tropical rainforest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: El Parque Nacional Volcán Poas (PNVP) es el parque mas visitado de Costa Rica. Sus facilidades físicas, accesibilidad, y su proximidad a las mayores ciudades del país hacen del PNVP un destino preferido por visitantes locales y extranjeros. Ademas de su cono volcánico activo, los senderos del parque son muy apreciados. Las condiciones lluviosas que prevalecen a través del

Juan A Aguirre

2009-01-01

209

La diffusion des services aux entreprises dans le réseau des villes françaises  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] La difusiôn de los servicios a las empresas en la red de las ciudades francesas . Desde hace treinta anos, el desarrollo de los servicios a las empresas y el desarrollo urbano han ido vinculândose con mayor fuerza. Estos anos fueron desde luego los de la difusiôn de los servicios a las empresas en el conjunto de la red

Laurence-Marie Sabotier; Thérèse Saint-Julien

1996-01-01

210

76 FR 79093 - Changes in Flood Elevation Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...4374P). April 6, 2011; The Bell, Mayor, City of Herald-Sun...Columbia, SC 29202. Texas: Bell (FEMA Docket No.: B-1205...Hill Country Park, 600 North Bell News. Boulevard, Cedar Park...Rocket-Miner. Rock Springs, 212 D Street, Rock Springs,...

2011-12-21

211

Planets With Detectable Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

This workshop honors Michel Mayor for his watershed detection of the first extrasolar planetary system in 1995. It is worth remembering that prior to this discovery, there was an intense debate among well-qualified scientists as to whether or not other planetary systems existed. Now we have come to know over 100 planets circling other stars, with more discoveries announced almost

Tobias Owen

2006-01-01

212

Orbital Evolution of ExtraSolar Giant Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent discoveries (Mayor and Queloz, 1995; Marcy and Butler, 1996; Butler and Marcy, 1996) of extra-solar giant planets (EGPs) at small heliocentric distances have prompted questions about the formation, evolution, and migration of these EGPs. The location of several EGPs at much less than 1 AU from their primaries has proved to be particularly problematic. Since it is thought

D. E. Trilling; W. Benz; T. Guillot; J. I. Lunine

1996-01-01

213

77 FR 77085 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...KY 40507. South Dakota: Lincoln (FEMA Docket Town of Tea (11-08- The Honorable John City Hall, 600 East June...B-1252). 0969P). Lawler, Mayor, Town 1st Street, Tea, SD of Tea, P.O. Box 57064. 128, Tea, SD...

2012-12-31

214

Obesidad y esteatohepatitis no alcohólica: su interrelación y estudio  

Microsoft Academic Search

La esteatohepatitis no alcohólica es una enti- dad caracterizada por cambios histológicos en el hígado debido al depósito de grasa, no aso- ciado al consumo de alcohol. En su evolución es una patología que puede progresar a cirrosis, por lo que es necesario establecer una terapéu- tica adecuada. Hasta el momento, los mayores beneficios se han obtenido a través del

Alfonso Soto González; Ana Prada Vigil; Manuel Delgado Blanco; Manuela Buño Soto; Diego Bellido Guerrero

215

Efecto antiulceroso del extracto hidroalcohólico liofilizado de hojas de Bixa orellana (achiote), en ratas Antiulcer effect of lyophilized hydroalcoholic extract of Bixa orellana (annatto) leaves in rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To identify the secondary metabolites present in Bixa orellana leaves extract, to evaluate the extract protection against ethanol injury, and histopathology study of the stomach glandular region. Design: Prospective, experimental and analytical research. Setting: Biochemistry and Nutrition Research Center laboratories, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Biological material: Bixa orellana leaves extract and male albino rats. Interventions: Secondary metabolites

Oscar Huamán; Miguel Sandoval; Inés Arnao; Elsa Béjar

216

Technology and Higher Education: Report from the Front.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes two reports on the current integration of technology in postsecondary education. Mara Mayor and Peter Dirr discuss the relationship between technology and access and quality. Valerie Crane presents study results on how students use and evaluate telecourses compared to on-campus courses. (DMM)

Mayor, Mara; And Others

1987-01-01

217

Urban Youth and School Pushout: Gateways, Get-aways, and the GED. Critical Youth Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent efforts to reform urban high schools have been marked by the pursuit of ever-increasing accountability policies, most notably through the use of high-stakes standardized testing, mayoral control, and secondary school exit exams. "Urban Youth and School Pushout" excavates the unintended consequences of such policies on secondary school…

Tuck, Eve

2011-01-01

218

Adult Education. The Quality of Life. ASPBAE Courier No. 52.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the "Courier" examines the quality of life as it can be improved by adult education, especially in the countries of Asia, Africa, and the South Pacific. It also looks at the need for women's education. The following six articles are included: (1) "The Future of the Family" (Federico Mayor); (2) "Her Words on His Lips: Gender Popular…

ASPBAE Courier, 1991

1991-01-01

219

Oversight Hearing on the Department of Labor's Implementation of the Job Training Partnership Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, Washington, DC, October 10, 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Employment concerns the implementation of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA). Witnesses addressed concerns about the program's allegedly unspent funds and the proposed funding cuts. Testimony was heard from William E. Brock, Secretary of Labor, and Raymond Flynn, Mayor of Boston,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

220

Asynchroneity of maximum glacier advances in the central Spanish Pyrenees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The deglaciation history of the Escarra and Lana Mayor glaciers (Upper Gállego valley, central Spanish Pyrenees) had been reconstructed on the basis of detailed geomorphological studies of glacier deposits, sedimentological and palynological analyses of glacial lake sediments and an accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C chronology based on minimum ages from glacial lake deposits. The maximum extent of the Pyrenean glaciers

José M. García-Ruiz; Blas L. Valero-Garcés; Carlos Martí-Bono; Penélope González-Sampériz

2003-01-01

221

Falla hepática aguda: Un diálogo socrático e hipotético con el residente Acute liver failure: Socratic and hypothetic discussion with the resident  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acute liver failure is the worst consequence that the liver suffers after any insult. Despite of a mayor understanding in the pathogenic mechanisms which explain the sympto- matic constellation and its complications; there has been a very few advances that significantly improve the complex clinical course of these patients. A better understanding of the clinical history, its complications and its

COLUMNA DE HIGADO

222

The Long History of Labor Bashing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When he was still President Obama's chief of staff, Rahm Emanuel, now mayor-elect of Chicago, famously quipped: "Never allow a crisis to go to waste." Republican governors in Wisconsin, New Jersey, Ohio, and other states have certainly taken that advice to heart. By emphasizing, and in some cases manipulating, the red ink flowing through so many…

Lichtenstein, Nelson

2011-01-01

223

Media Agenda-Setting in a State Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A focal point of recent mass communication research has been the influence on public accessibility to political information, the "agenda setting" function of the media. This function was tested during the Kentucky gubernatorial election and the Lexington, Kentucky, mayoral election in November 1971. The specific hypothesis postulated that public…

Tipton, Leonard; And Others

224

Development and usage of a management game for the Dutch Telecommunication Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The telecommunications industry experiences rapid changes. New actors are entering the telecommunication market and almost weekly new merges and acquisitions are announced. In the Netherlands the regulator plays a mayor role in regulating the market while consumers get used to high quality for less money. For a telecommunications company it is essential to have an insight in the dynamics and

Aloys Maas; Rutger Mooy

225

The ties that do not bind: party affiliations and the delivery of devolved health services in the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a panel of province-level data, we investigate the effects of political party affiliations of local chief executives on the financing and delivery of devolved health services, where arguably the opportunities for and potential gains from inter-local governmental unit (LGU) cooperation abound. Despite these potential gains, the proportion of mayors that belong to the same party as the governor are

Joseph J. Capuno; Marian Panganiban

2012-01-01

226

75 FR 51091 - Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...use by CDC and OSTLTS leadership; (10) facilitates...provides guidance and leadership on Freedom of Information...mayors, and other leaders of the legislative and...officers, field staff and leadership; and (6) develops...project officers, program managers, and...

2010-08-18

227

78 FR 14573 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Judge, Paul North Pecos La Elizondo Tower, Trinidad, Suite 101 West Nueva 420...11-06-0027P). Chris Fielder, West Willis team.com/lomrs.htm. Mayor, City...Leander, Leander, 200 West TX 78641. Willis Street, Leander, TX 78641....

2013-03-06

228

DEMS 4th period  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, you are going to practice finding multiples and adding fractions! FIRST, you will practice finding multiples with the Mayor of Pumpkinville. You will START with finding multiples of 2. THEN, you will find multiples of 3 through 12. Once you have TEN multiples of EACH number, you may move to the next game! GOOD LUCK! CLICK HERE -->Pumpkin Multiples Once you have ...

Smith, Ms.

2009-02-14

229

DEMS 2nd, 5th and 6th period  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, you are going to practice finding multiples and solving fraction problems! FIRST, you are going to help the Mayor of Pumpkinville find multiples! Begin with the number 2. You will need to collect FIVE multiples of 2 BEFORE choosing another number. Find multiples of numbers 3 through 12 before moving to the next game. GOOD LUCK! CLICK HERE --> Pumpkin Multiples Once you ...

Smith, Ms.

2009-02-15

230

"Religion" in Educational Spaces: Knowing, Knowing Well, and Knowing Differently  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is how "religion", as a materially heterogeneous concept, becomes mobilized in different educational spaces, and the "kinds of knowing" to which this gives rise. Three "case studyish" illustrations are deployed in order to consider how religion and education produce kinds of knowing which may--or may not--involve knowing…

I'Anson, John; Jasper, Alison

2011-01-01

231

Conceptos fundamentales del desarrollo de proveedores (Caso de negocios 13)  

Microsoft Academic Search

El desarrollo de proveedores es una actividad que enriquece la gestión de la cadena de suministro, dotándola de mayor valor a través del aporte mutuo entre empresas clientes y subcontratistas. Este aporte incluye nuevas tecnologías, know-how, herramientas de la calidad y organización del trabajo, además de negociaciones sobre la política de precios, entre otros temas. En este trabajo presentamos sus

Enrique Yacuzzi

2012-01-01

232

Coseismic Offsets on PBO Borehole Strainmeters: Real, or Spurious?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have observed coseismic strain offsets during many significant earthquakes, at all locations in the 74-instrument PBO borehole strainmeter (BSM) network. The M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010 induced the largest offsets thus far, on BSMs located within the San Jacinto fault zone - the \\

A. J. Barbour; D. C. Agnew

2010-01-01

233

Cooper's Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A funny thing happened while the District of Columbia Public Library (DCPL), already suffering from deteriorated facilities and systems, slogged through stasis (and three interim directors) after the 2003 departure of Director Molly Raphael. Mayor Anthony Williams presided over the city's economic turnaround--or, some charged, cozied up to…

Oder, Norman

2007-01-01

234

Academic Freedom and University Autonomy. Papers on Higher Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains speeches and papers given at the International Conference on Academic Freedom and University Autonomy held in Sinaia, Romania, May 5-7, 1992. Section 1 contains introductory addresses by Federico Mayor, Maitland Stobart, Hinrich Seidel,and Walter Kamba. Section 2 contains 18 papers that address connotations and challenges of…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bucharest (Romania). European Centre for Higher Education.

235

Les étrangers : une main-d'oeuvre à part ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] Los extranjeros: ¿ una mano de obra aparté? - El riesgo de desempleo es mayor para un magrebí o un oriundo de Asia del sudeste que para un francés que tenga la misma edad, que trabaje en el mismo sector y que cuente con la misma capacitación y calificación. Para encontrar un empleo estable los extranjeros se hallan confrontados

Eric Maurin

1991-01-01

236

Genocide Convention at Fifty.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On September 2, 1998, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda issued its first conviction for genocide, condemning a Rwandan mayor, Jean-Paul Akayesu, for directing and inciting local mobs to the rape and murder of innocent Tutsi victims. The tribu...

1999-01-01

237

Sexual Exploitation of Children--A Problem of Unknown Magnitude. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Select Education, House Committee on Education and Labor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results of an extensive literature search by the General Accounting Office (GAO) on the subject of teenage prostitution and child pornography and federal, state and local efforts to deal with the problem. Also included are results of a survey of police departments and mayors' offices of the 22 largest U.S. cities and all…

Ahart, Gregory J.

238

Home Weatherization Visit  

ScienceCinema

Secretary Steven Chu visits a home that is in the process of being weatherized in Columbus, OH, along with Ohio Governor Ted Strickland and Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman. They discuss the benefits of weatherization and how funding from the recovery act is having a direct impact in communities across America.

239

Home Weatherization Visit  

ScienceCinema

Secretary Steven Chu visits a home that is in the process of being weatherized in Columbus, OH, along with Ohio Governor Ted Strickland and Columbus Mayor Michael Coleman. They discuss the benefits of weatherization and how funding from the recovery act is having a direct impact in communities across America.

Chu, Steven

2013-05-29

240

La reforma de la contratación en el mercado de trabajo: entre la flexibilidad y la seguridad  

Microsoft Academic Search

El actual debate sobre la reforma laboral pendiente en España se centra demasiado en el abaratamiento del despido o las modalidades de contratación como únicas formas de flexibilizar el mercado de trabajo. Este tipo de propuestas, además, choca con la percepción de una fuerte pérdida de seguridad de los trabajadores. En este trabajo nos planteamos cómo conciliar una mayor flexibilidad

Vicente Royuela; Manuel Sanchis

2010-01-01

241

Building Relationships: A Symposium in Art Education Management (2nd, Flagstaff, Arizona, July 6-8, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium focused on art education management and the continuing efforts to build communication networks with professional colleagues in educational leadership positions throughout Arizona. The booklet provides the addresses of the keynote speaker and other invited guests. Opening remarks are made by: Chris Bavasi, Mayor of Flagstaff, AZ;…

Brouch, Ginny, Ed.

242

DeWitt Clinton and the Rise of Urban New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the life and career of DeWitt Clinton, who served as mayor of New York City, governor of New York, and U.S. senator. Stresses that Clinton deeply impacted the state and nation as the founder of New York City's public schools, as an advocate of higher education for women, and as a major figure in building the Erie Canal. (NL)

Fuchs, David W.

1990-01-01

243

Interactions between humic acid and hematite and their effects on metal ion speciation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of toxic chemicals (like metal ions) on the environment is a phenomenon that has been recognised as a mayor problem over the last decades. The speciation of these chemicals determines whether or not a contaminated site has to be regarded as dangerous. The fate of the contaminants depends on the environment and on the local conditions (pH, electrolyte

A. W. P. Vermeer

1996-01-01

244

Características estructurales de un club de fútbol profesional de elite  

Microsoft Academic Search

El nivel de profesionalización del fútbol se ha visto incrementado exponencialmente en los últimos años y de manera especial en los clubes de fútbol profesional de elite a nivel europeo. La comercialización de los derechos de televisión, primero, y el desarrollo del merchandising después, han ampliado las actividades de un club de fútbol, presionando hacia una mayor profesionalización de su

Sandalio Gomez; Magdalena Opazo

2007-01-01

245

Testimony on Smoking in Public Places and Places of Employment  

Cancer.gov

I am Harold Varmus, the President of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, and I thank you for the opportunity to speak in support of Mayor Bloomberg's proposal to strengthen the city's prohibitions against smoking in public places and places of employment.

246

National Strategies and Regional Co-Operation for the 21st Century. Proceedings of the Regional Conference on Higher Education (Tokyo, Japan, 8-10 July 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers begins with a preface by Victor Ordenez, followed by opening speeches by Federico Mayor, Tetsuo Misumi, Heitor Gurgulino de Souze, and Wichit Srisa-an, and a keynote address by Takashi Kosugi. Three working papers include: "The University of the Future" (Edgardo J. Angara); "Institutional Challenges, Responses and…

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

247

OUTLOOK: TESTING PLANET FORMATION THEORIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discovery of the first planetary companion to a solar-type star by Mayor and Queloz (1995) launched the extrasolar planetary systems era. Observational and theoretical progress in this area has been made at a breathtaking pace since 1995, as evidenced by this workshop. We now have a large and growing sample of extrasolar gas giant planets with which to test

A. P. BOSS

248

Curriculum, Community, and Urban School Reform. Secondary Education in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barry M. Franklin's new work uses the concept of community as a lens for interpreting urban school reform since 1960. Focusing on the curriculum and employing case studies, he applies the concept to reform initiatives in a number of city school systems. Included are compensatory education, community control, mayoral takeovers, educational…

Franklin, Barry M.

2012-01-01

249

La restricción intertemporal del presupuesto. Una evaluación empírica para el Gobierno Nacional Central de Colombia, 1950-2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este documento se analiza la sostenibilidad fiscal del Gobierno Nacional Central en Colombia utilizando el enfoque de la Restricción Intertemporal de Presupuesto. Los resultados empíricos revelan que la estrategia fiscal actual es sostenible. No obstante, se vislumbran problemas de insolvencia en el largo plazo, lo que implica generar un mayor superávit primario en comparación con el actualmente programado. Lo

Álvaro Hernando Chaves

2003-01-01

250

FORMACIÓN Y MERCADO DE TRABAJO EN GALICIA: UN BALANCE ANTE LA REFORMA DEL SISTEMA EDUCATIVO  

Microsoft Academic Search

En los últimos años se ha producido un fuerte proceso de transferencia de competencias educativas y formativas desde la Administración General de Estado a las CCAA, que tuvo su principal exponente en 1993 en Galicia, con la cesión de la gestión de la formación profesional ocupacional. Esta situación se ha acelerado con el traspaso a Galicia de la mayor parte

Alberto Vaquero

251

Armonizar ley, moral y cultura: Cultura ciudadana, prioridad de gobierno con resultados en prevención y control de violencia en Bogotá, 1995-1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente artículo busca sistematizar la experiencia de la Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá correspondiente al período 1995-1997 en cuanto a acciones y resultados de prevención y control de la violencia. Para ello presenta la hipótesis del divorcio entre ley, moral y cultura y la manera en que la decisión de hacer de la \\

Antanas Mockus

1999-01-01

252

La dependencia financiera de los gobiernos locales en México  

Microsoft Academic Search

La distribución de los recursos y potestades tributarias entre los diferentes niveles de gobierno tiene suma importancia para la organización de las tareas económicas del Estado. La eficiencia económica y la función de estabilización macroeconómica requieren de una mayor centralización de ingresos; mientras que, en México, la autonomía de ingresos de los gobiernos locales (estados y municipios), contribuye a que

José Alfredo Tijerina Guajardo; Antonio Medellín Ruiz

2000-01-01

253

Difusión de nuevas tecnologías y estimación de la demanda de nuevos productos: un análisis comparativo entre Argentina y EE.UU  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Este trabajo analiza, utilizando el modelo de Bass, la demanda de telefonía celular, acceso a Internet, y acceso a Internet por banda ancha en Argentina y en EE.UU. a fines de determinar los patrones de difusión de nuevas tecnologías. Los resultados indican que en EE.UU. la velocidad de difusión es mayor que en Argentina, y prevalece -a diferencia de

Viviana Weissmann

254

THE COOKING ANIMAL: ECONOMIC MAN AT THE GREAT EXHIBITION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soyer's Symposium WHEN CALLED UPON TO HOST a banquet celebrating the forthcoming Great Exhibition of 1851, the world's first display of international industry, the Mayor of York turned to the period's most renowned chef for the catering. The Frenchman Alexis Soyer, who had recently resigned from his position at the Reform Club in Pall Mall, had made a name for

Paul Young

2008-01-01

255

Types de pratiques, types de journées et déterminants sociaux de la vie quotidienne  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] Tipos de prácticas, tipos de jornadas y determinantes sociales de la vida cotidiana -. Cuâles son los tipos de jornadas a los que la gente esta confrontada con mayor f recuencia en el transcurso de su vida ? La diversidad de la utilización del tiempo se funda, de hecho, en apenas una codena de prácticas y de conjuntos de

Éric Maurin

1989-01-01

256

The Impact of CETA on Institutional Vocational Education. Case Studies and Final Report, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report summarizes the findings of the National League of Cities and U.S. Conference of Mayors concerning CETA funded programs. It also examines three case studies in Chicago; Erie, Pennsylvania; and the Virginia Peninsula. The report discusses the need for cooperation between CETA and the vocational education system. Characteristics of…

Anderson, Robert; Rozansky, Rosa D.

257

Local Chief Executives: Roles in the Intergovernmental Administrative Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 665 city mayors, county commission chairpersons, and city managers in eight states indicates that they contact a broad range of state agencies for various purposes, but especially for their resources. The manner of contact (direct and/or legislator involvement) used by the various officials is explored. (Author/IRT)

Abney, Glenn

1980-01-01

258

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 04-27-2010  

Cancer.gov

Cada vez es más evidente que los esfuerzos mundiales de salud de mayor éxito dependen no solo del aporte de las mentes más brillantes, sino de la colaboración entre ellas para marcar la diferencia en el escenario global. Este enfoque es el motor impulsor detrás de una asociación excepcional con el NCI, financiada en parte por Susan G.

259

Reauthorization of Expiring Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs. Volume 5. Adult Education. Hearing on H.R. 5, before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These statements, letters, and supplemental materials were provided by: (1) Janet Jones Ballard, Assault on Literacy Program; (2) Representative Jim Cooper, Tennessee; (3) Mitch Snyder, Center for Creative Non-Violence; (4) Garrett Murphy, Division of Adult and Continuing Education Programs, New York; (5) W. Wilson Goode, mayor of Philadelphia;…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

260

7 CFR 457.106 - Texas citrus tree crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...crop. If you fail to notify us of any circumstance that may...or a similar form approved by us, is completed by all affected...Freeze; (e) Hail; (f) Tornado; or (g) Failure of the...on any unit, you must allow us to inspect all insured...

2010-01-01

261

Hepatoprotección antioxidante de la cáscara y semilla de Vitis vinifera L. (uva)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine by TBARS test (substances reactive to thiobarbituric acid) the antioxidant and liver protection effect induced by Vitts vinifera L. grape skin and seeds in animals of experimentation with alcoholic aggression. Design: Experimental study. Setting: Alberto Guzman Barron Biochemistry and Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. Biologic material: Albino male

Miguel Sandoval; Karen Lazarte; Inés Arnao

262

Power quality for energy efficient buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents results from a PQ audit conducted in an IT-intensive modern office building. Some of the mayor objectives of the PQ study were: detecting the main involved disturbances by PQ monitoring, identifying the power disturbances root causes, characterizing the electromagnetic compatibility level of equipments and installation and providing guidelines for implementing energy-efficiency solutions. It has been found that

A. Moreno-Munoz; J. M. Flores-Arias; A. Gil-de-Castro

2009-01-01

263

The Governance of the City University of New York: A System at Odds with Itself.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted for the Mayor's Advisory Task Force on the City University of New York (CUNY) in 1998 and 1999, was charged with reviewing and making recommendations regarding: (1) the uses of city funding by CUNY; (2) the effects of open admissions and remedial education on CUNY's capacity to provide high-level college courses; (3)…

Gill, Brian P.

264

Outlook. Number 286  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the monthly newsletter for the Council for American Private Education (CAPE) includes the following articles: (1) D.C. Mayor Williams Endorses School Choice Initiative; (2) CAPE Quick Stats; (3) Private School Parents Pleased with Schools; (4) Blacks, Hispanics Support Vouchers More Than Whites; (5) Supreme Court to Hear Blaine Case;…

Council for American Private Education, 2003

2003-01-01

265

Critical Trends in Urban Education: A Poll of America's Great City Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is the third in a series of polls of the leadership of America's major public school systems. In addition to surveying board members, superintendents, and other leadership staff, this poll also included urban mayors and representatives of colleges and universities who work with staff and students of the member cities of the Council…

Lewis, Sharon; Williams, Adriane; Casserly, Michael

266

Group 18: Office Staff. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

267

Group 5: Itinerant English Language Learner (ELL) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

268

Group 12: Related Service Providers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

269

Group 1: General Education Teachers with Individual Value-Added Student Achievement Data. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

270

Group 6: Shared Special Subject Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

271

Group 15: Instructional Coaches. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

272

Group 8: Student Support Professionals. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

273

Group 2: Grades 1-12 General Education Teachers without Individual Value-Added Student Achievement Data. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

274

Group 19: Custodial Staff. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

275

Group 4: Non-Itinerant English Language Learner (ELL) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

276

Group 3: Special Education Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

277

Group 7: Visiting Instruction Service (VIS) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

278

Group 20: All Other School-Based Personnel. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

279

Group 10: Counselors. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

280

Group 2a: Early Childhood Education Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

281

Group 11: School-Based Social Workers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

282

Group 17: Educational Aides. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

283

Group 14: Program Coordinators and Deans. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

284

Group 9: Library Media Specialists. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

285

Group 16: Mentor Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

286

Group 13: Special Education Coordinators. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

287

Group 11a: School-Based Psychologists. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

2012-01-01

288

Group 3b: Special Education Teachers--Early Childhood Education. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

289

El Impacto de los Cambios Climáticos sobre la Salud en Bolivia: Estimación de Costos y Beneficios hasta el 2100  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bolivia es en uno de los países con mayor vulnerabilidad a enfermedades en Latinoamérica. De los 327 municipios que se tenían el 2003, gran parte de ellos presentaron altos grados de vulnerabilidad en lo que se refiere a las Enfermedades Diarreicas Agudas (EDA’s) e Infecciones Respiratorias Agudas (IRA’s) en el occidente del país y alta vulnerabilidad en Malaria y Dengue

Oscar Molina

2009-01-01

290

Estimulación multisensorial (snoezelen) integrada en la asistencia de la demencia a largo plazo  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Multi-sensory stimulation (snoezelen) in long-term dementia care] Antecedentes. La estimulación multisensorial o snoezelen es un método que estimula los sentidos mediante la luz, el sonido, el olfato y el tacto. El objetivo de la estimulación multisensorial es ejercer una influencia positiva sobre el bienestar de las personas mayores con demencia, aunque también se emplea para reducir el estrés de los

Weert van J. C. M; J. M. Bensing

2009-01-01

291

Chicago to "Start over" with 100 Small Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chicago is embarking on a major initiative to convert at least 10 percent of its schools into small schools, most of which will be run by private operators. Mayor Richard M. Daley portrayed his plan, called Renaissance 2010, as a way to "shake up the system," introduce fresh ideas that could save its lowest-performing schools, and provide more…

Gewertz, Catherine

2004-01-01

292

Greensburg, Kansas: A Better, Greener Place to Live (Revised) (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This Brochure is for Greensburg city leadership (Chamber of Commerce, Mayor's Office, and others) to use to attract visitors and businesses to Greensburg, and to ensure the city?s commitment to sustainability. Content includes EERE subject matter and mentions DOE's role in rebuilding. The layout is designed to be used as a template for other cities in similar situations.

Not Available

2009-10-01

293

Examining Skills Shortages in America's Cities: Impact, City Responses and Business Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the results of a survey of the principal cities of the United States conducted in 1999. The objective of this survey was to help determine the impact of the growing gap between the skills demanded by today's economy and the skills of the workforce, and how mayors and other city leaders, on behalf of their citizens, are…

City Policy Associates, Washinton, DC.

294

Yankee Comments; Testimony Submitted to the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, October 3, 1973, Boston, Massachusetts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New England Library Board presents the oral and written testimony given to the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS) at a hearing in Boston, Massachusetts, October 3, 1973. Witnesses include college, university, state, public, special, regional, and school librarians, as well as library trustees; educators; a mayor;…

National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, Washington, DC.

295

Community Colleges Join the Green Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the country, mayors, business owners, government workers, and labor leaders are saying it's time to push for a greener world. Community colleges are advancing the jobs of the future at a much faster rate than anyone else. To truly embrace sustainability, it must be integrated into all facets of the college: mission and planning, curricula,…

Ullman, Ellen

2008-01-01

296

Método híbrido topológico-global para la dinámica de sistemas mecánicos multicuerpo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen Las cada vez mayores prestaciones de los ordenadores personales, hacen posible la simulación dinámica en tiempo real del movimiento de sistemas mecánicos multicuerpo complejos, tales como el modelo completo de un vehículo automóvil, en un PC convencional de 1.200 €, si se dispone de la formulación adecuada. Existen dos grandes familias de formulaciones dinámicas según el tipo de coordenadas

J. Cuadrado; D. Dopico

297

78 FR 10187 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Honorable Public Works http://www.r9map.org/ April 18, 2013............ 060342 Altos Hills (12- Rich Larsen, Department, 26379 Docs/12-09-2859P- 09-2859P). Mayor, Town of Fremont Road, Los 060342-102IAC.pdf....

2013-02-13

298

Historia de una quimera. La industria algodonera en Castilla la Vieja, 1846-1913  

Microsoft Academic Search

En 1860 Valladolid albergaba el mayor distrito algodonero del centro de España. Transcurridas cuatro décadas, todas sus fábricas había sido ya clausuradas. El presente trabajo analiza las razones de este fracaso. Dado que los productos castellanos no podían competir con los catalanes debido al coste de la energía, los industriales de Valladolid y Santander tuvieron que refugiarse en el mercado

Javier Moreno Lázaro

2003-01-01

299

77 FR 4381 - Post Office Closing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 404(d), the Commission...determination to close the Peterson post office in Peterson, Minnesota. The petition...Mayor of the City of Peterson and is postmarked December...proceeding under 39 U.S.C. 404(d)(5)...

2012-01-27

300

OPERATIONAL RETRIEVAL, THE BASIC EDUCATION COMPONENT OF EXPERIMENTAL AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS (E/D) FOR DISADVANTAGED YOUTHS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN THIS STUDY OF EXPERIMENTAL AND DEMONSTRATION BASIS EDUCATION PROJECTS FOR DISADVANTAGED YOUTHS, VISITS WERE MADE TO THE JOB UPGRADING PROJECT (NORTH RICHMOND, CALIFORNIA), THE MAYOR'S YOUTH EMPLOYMENT PROJECT (DETROIT), THE LANE COUNTY YOUTH PROJECT (EUGENE, OREGON), JOB OPPORTUNITIES, THROUGH BETTER SKILLS (CHICAGO), THE YMCA…

SEXTON, PATRICIA CAYO

301

L'entrée des jeunes dans la vie active  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] Contrata de Jóvenes y movilidad de los que son algo mayores - En 1977 así como con anterioridad, en 1964 y 1970, el INSEE llevó a efecto una encuesta titulada « Formación y calificación profesional » (FQP). Dicha encuesta permite, entre otras cosas, saber en que categoría socioprofesional se hallan los jóvenes que estaban en el sistema escolar cinco

Claude Thélot

1981-01-01

302

Stars and Bras: A Report from the Trenches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The president of the School of the Art Institute of Chicago discusses the history of and issues in two art exhibits at the institution, one in which a late mayor was depicted in a controversial manner and another in which the United States flag was displayed in an unusual way. (MSE)

Jones, Anthony

1990-01-01

303

How Does Size Matter? The Impact of the Rise of Small Schools on Latinos and Emergent Bilinguals in New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the dawn of mayoral control in 2002, New York City high schools have undergone a major overhaul. Part of this reform effort has been the replacement of underperforming large high schools with new small high schools. This study more closely examines the effects of a transition to small high schools on students who are Latino and students who…

Flores, Nelson; Chu, Haiwen

2011-01-01

304

Violence in America. Proceedings of the Southwest Regional Research Conference (Dallas, Texas, November 6-8, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference reported in this document consisted of three symposia and eight workshops each concerned with a different area of violence in America. The document includes an introduction by Annette Zimmern Reed and opening remarks by Dallas mayor Starke Taylor and his wife, Carolyn Taylor. Information from the three symposia is given in the areas…

Reed, Annette Zimmern, Ed.; Sullivan, Jane C., Ed.

305

Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change in the City of Chicago  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under Mayor Richard M. Daley's leadership, the City of Chicago initiated the Chicago Climate Action Plan (CCAP) to better understand local implications of global climate change in both higher and lower emissions scenarios, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and implement programs to build future climate change resilience. The City approached this work not only as a way to make Chicago more

D. J. Wuebbles; K. Hayhoe; J. McGraw; J. Parzen

2008-01-01

306

Practicing Politics: Female Political Scientists as Candidates for Elective Office  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, University of Oklahoma political science professor Cindy Simon Rosenthal was elected mayor of Norman, Oklahoma, after having served as a member of its city council. Was her activity unique within the political science profession among female political scientists? Her election stimulated the curiosity of some of us in the…

Burrell, Barbara

2012-01-01

307

Reassessing Political Explanations for Murders of Police  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article discusses how Jacobs and Carmichael, drawing on the racial threat thesis, argue that the overrepresentation of Blacks among felons who murder police is in part explained by Blacks' conscious or unconscious responses to political subordination by the State. In testing this argument, Jacobs and Carmichael find that their key theoretical variable—the presence of a Black mayor—is inversely related

Robert J. Kaminski; Thomas D. Stucky

2009-01-01

308

Subordination and Violence against State Control Agents: Testing Political Explanations for Lethal Assaults against the Police  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationships between economic and political subordination and the use of lethal force against state officials charged with controlling the underclass. More specifically, it uses count estimators to assess the factors that lead to felonious killings of police officers in the largest U.S. cities. Economic and racial inequality and the presence of a black mayor are used

David Jacobs; Jason T. Carmichael

2002-01-01

309

Politicos Turned Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While White politicians have long retreated to the academy in pursuit of highprofile jobs as professors and university presidents, the trend is relatively new for Black politicians who come to the academic setting after having served long political stints as state legislators, mayors and congressional leaders. Dr. Ronald Walters, a professor of…

Watson, Jamal E.

2008-01-01

310

Clinton's Policy Relating to Gays in the Military: A Lesson in Politics at the National Level.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research paper is to briefly define the issues associated with President Clinton's intent to rescind the Department of Defense Policy on gays in the military, to highlight the mayor events that occurred during the policy process, to id...

K. Connors

1999-01-01

311

Youth Violence. Hearings before the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session Focusing on the Cause of Juvenile Crime and the Need for Juvenile Justice Reform (Dover and Wilmington, DE, July 15 and 17, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing focused on the cause of juvenile crime and the need for juvenile justice reform. On the first day, an opening statement by Senator Joseph R. Biden examined the seriousness of the problem. Two panels contributed prepared statements. The first panel included Jim Hutchinson, Mayor, Dover, DE; Alan Ellingsworth, Colonel, Delaware State…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

312

A spring stopover of a migratory osprey (Pandion haliaetus) in northern Spain as revealed by satellite tracking: implications for conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Actualmente, la mayor precisión de las localizaciones suministradas por la telemetría vía satélite permite llevar a cabo estudios más detallados sobre la migración, que pueden ser útiles para la conservación de las aves. En este trabajo describimos el comportamiento de una hembra adulta de águila pescadora seguida por telemetría vía satélite en la Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai (N

Aitor Galarza; R. H. Dennis

2009-01-01

313

Estudio de los NIH revela que un resultado negativo de la prueba del VPH es un mejor predictor de un riesgo bajo de cáncer de cuello uterino que una prueba de Pap negativa  

Cancer.gov

De acuerdo con un estudio en el que participaron más de un millón de mujeres, los investigadores del NCI han determinado que el resultado negativo de una prueba para la detección del VPH proporciona mayor certeza o seguridad frente a riesgos futuros de cáncer de cuello uterino que una prueba de Pap.

314

Field Hearing on the Office of Educational Research and Improvement [OERI]. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Select Education and Civil Rights of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (New York, NY, March 8, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing examines issues related to proposed legislation that would strengthen the capacity of the U.S. Department of Education Office of Educational Research and Improvement to deal with two widespread problems: (1) mismanagement, corruption and waste in non-instructional educational services resulting from the failure of governors, mayors,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Select Education and Civil Rights.

315

Court Documents Related to Martin Luther King, Jr., and Memphis Sanitation Workers. The Constitution Community: Postwar United States (1945 to Early 1970s).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During inclement weather in Memphis, Tennessee in February 1968, two separate incidents caused black sanitation workers to strike for job safety, better wages and benefits, and union recognition. Mayor Henry Loeb was unsympathetic and opposed to the union. Martin Luther King agreed to lend his support to the sanitation workers and spoke at a rally…

Perry, Douglas

316

Build It Well and the Children Will Come  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) Chancellor Michelle Rhee announced that 23 under-enrolled DCPS buildings would close for the 2008/2009 school year, Kathy Padian, Vice President of Building Hope, began talks with the Deputy Mayor of Education in 2007. Building Hope works to close the educational achievement gap by giving students…

Kelly, Robert

2009-01-01

317

Group 3a: Special Education Teachers--Autism Program. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

2013-01-01

318

Charter school performance in two large urban districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the national effort to improve educational achievement, urban districts offer the greatest challenge as they often serve the most disadvantaged students. Many urban leaders, including mayors and school district superintendents, have initiated charter schools, which are publicly supported, autonomously operated schools of choice, as a mechanism of improving learning for these disadvantaged students. In this analysis, we examine the

Ron Zimmer; Richard Buddin

2006-01-01

319

Study of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Charter Schools in Indiana. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indiana General Assembly passed charter school enabling legislation in 2001, and the first charter schools opened their doors for the 2002-03 school year. As of fall 2008, 49 charter schools are operating in Indiana. A total of 17 of these schools are sponsored by the City of Indianapolis, Office of the Mayor, 29 schools are sponsored by…

Akey, Terri; Plucker, Jonathan A.; Hansen, John A.; Michael, Robert; Branon, Suzanne; Fagen, Rebecca; Zhou, Gary

2008-01-01

320

[History of the renovation of the hôtel-Dieu of Bourges].  

PubMed

From the 16th to the 20th century "hôtel-Dieu" was the main hospital in the Berry capital. In the 30's the mayor decided to renovate the building but in 1994 the construction of a new hospital--"Centre Hospitalier Jacques-Coeur"--freed the ancient building which became a historical centre for culture et tourism in the region. PMID:17526412

Gitton, Philippe

2006-01-01

321

Evaluation of commercial magnetic iron oxides as sediment tracers in water erosion experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water erosion is one of the mayor concerns to sustainability of agricultural systems in Mediterranean countries, e.g. olive farming areas in Southern Spain. Despite an increase in the number of published studies on erosion rates and conservation measures, significant uncertainty persists on actual erosion rates in these areas (Gómez et al., 2008; Fleskens and Stroosnijder, 2007). Due to the limitations

G. Guzman; V. Barron; J. A. Gomez

2009-01-01

322

The Bracey Report on the Condition of Public Education, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This year's Bracey Report identifies and discusses the research support for what the author considers to be three of the most important assumptions about how to reform public education: (1) High-quality schools can eliminate the achievement gap between whites and minorities; (2) Mayoral control of public schools is an improvement over the more…

Bracey, Gerald

2009-01-01

323

Youth Employment Act of 1979, Part 2. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities. Ninety-Sixth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 4465 and H.R. 4534.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings are presented of hearings before the House Committee on Education and Labor on youth unemployment in the United States. Among those testifying before the hearings were (1) Mayor Tom Bradley on youth unemployment in large cities, (2) Mary Heagele, on the relationship of youth unemployment and the prison system, (3) Kenneth Hahn, on the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

324

Designing New York's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The genius of Mayor Bloomberg's plan to develop a new applied sciences campus in New York City is that it acknowledges the increasingly pivotal role of academic institutions as drivers of local economic growth. At a time when large corporations may not be the reliable job producers they were in the past and cities like New York badly need to…

Giles, David

2012-01-01

325

Le paradoxe de productivité : les changements organisationnels, facteur complémentaire à l'informatisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] La mayor parte de los estudios empíricos sobre la economía americana no consiguen poner de manifiesto una correlación relevante entre el crecimiento de la productividad total de los factores de las empresas y su grado de informatización. Esta paradoja es llamada comúnmente la paradoja de Solow. Este artículo propone una explicación relacionada con el modo de organización interna de

Philippe Askénazy; Christian Gianella

2000-01-01

326

El impacto de las reformas estructurales en la agricultura colombiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colombia, como la mayor parte de los países latinoamericanos, emprendió un ambicioso proceso de liberalización y reformas al clarear la década de los años noventa, el cual cobijó al sector agropecuario. Las reformas en el agro tuvieron tres períodos: desde el segundo semestre de 1990 hasta finales de 1992 se pusieron en marcha la mayoría de las reformas iniciales, de

Santiago Perry

2000-01-01

327

Internet: distribución espacial en Argentina y su relación con factores socioeconómicos  

Microsoft Academic Search

El mundo de la información y las comunicaciones está cambiando. Y lo está haciendo en términos de mayor accesibilidad, velocidad y amplitud. Se asiste a una alteración histórica que tendrá profundas repercusiones en la formación de las nuevas generaciones de seres humanos. Por ello resulta decisivo conocer la distribución espacial de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y la comunicación,

Blanca María Isabel Gioria

2007-01-01

328

Reingeniería de la Ontología de Ambar Utilizando Mapas Conceptuales  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se describe la Ingeniería de Conocimiento, como forma de obtener mayor conocimiento pedagógico del Sistema Generador de Ambientes de Enseñanza-Aprendizaje (AMBAR), y así poder realizar reingeniería de la ontología ya existente del dominio (1). El proyecto AMBAR es un proyecto de I&D que se está llevando a cabo en la Escuela de Computación de la Universidad Central

Antonio Silva-Sprock; María Gertrudis López; Nora Montaño; Vanessa Miguel

329

LA CIENCIA CIBERNÉTICA. LA GESTIÓN DE GOBIERNO Y EL MEDIO AMBIENTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Desagregación del Universo: Al Universo, el mayor sistema material, se lo puede considerar integrado por un conjunto de partes diferenciadas menores. Luego, cada una de esas partes diferenciadas menores, podrían ser reconocidas a su vez como conjuntos integrados por otras porciones diferenciadas menores aún... Y así sucesivamente, hasta el límite de la desagregación del Universo en el conjunto de todos

Jorge Marcelo Ferro

2007-01-01

330

Gestión ambiental de la vitivinicultura: aplicación del cuadro de mando  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen La vitivinicultura es una de las principales industrias de San Juan, Argentina. En esta provincia existen más de 266 bodegas. Actualmente, existe mayor conciencia, por parte del consumidor, del proceso de elaboración de un producto, desde el punto de vista medioambiental, sobre todo en países como Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido, los cuales son los principales países importadores

Rosa Ana Rodríguez; Gustavo R. Traconis

2012-01-01

331

Drug Problem in Schools and Colleges. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Judiciary and Education of the Committee on the District of Columbia. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session on Drug Sales and Use among Students in High Schools and Colleges in the District of Columbia (September 23, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The text of a Congressional hearing on drug sales and use among students in high schools and colleges in the District of Columbia (D.C.) is presented in this document. An opening statement is given by Representative Mervyn M. Dymally. Statements are provided by these witnesses: (1) Thomas M. Downs, city administrator, deputy mayor for operations,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the District of Columbia.

332

Alzheimer's Disease: Burdens and Problems for Victims and Their Families. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (October 28, 1985, Elizabeth, NJ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimonies from the Congressional hearing called to examine the problem of Alzheimer's disease. Opening statements are included from Congressmen Rinaldo, Courter, and Saxton, and from Tom Dunn, the mayor of Elizabeth, New Jersey where the hearing was held. J. Richard Goldstein, New Jersey State Commissioner of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

333

The Louisiana Recovery School District: Lessons for the Buckeye State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it time for Ohio to take bolder steps toward turning around its most troubled schools and districts? If so, what might the alternatives look like? Options for rebooting these troubled schools have come in the form of mayoral control, state takeovers, market competition through charter schools and other choice programs, as well as millions of…

Smith, Nelson

2012-01-01

334

ESTIMULACIÓN MAGNETICA TRANSCRANEAL: APLICACIONES EN NEUROCIENCIA COGNITIVA TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION: AN APPROACH FROM COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In this review we trace some of the mayor developments in the use of Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a technique for the investigation of cognitive neuroscience and its application as an assessment and rehabilitation tool in some psychiatric and neurological disorders. Technical aspects and safety studies in animal and humans of the magnetic stimulation are also reviewed. Development:

Beatriz Calvo Merino; Patrick Haggard

335

Field Hearings on the Youth Service Corps and H.R. 717. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session (San Francisco, April 28, 1989; Los Angeles, June 23, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on Congressional hearings on issues relating to the 1989 youth services bill to create a nationwide Youth Service Corps. The hearings focused on the successes of local youth programs. Testimony includes statements and prepared statements, letters, and supplemental materials from the mayors of San Francisco and Los Angeles,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

336

Attitudes of Community Leaders in New Casino Jurisdictions Regarding Casino Gambling's Effects on Crime and Quality of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interviews were conducted with 128 key individuals in seven communities that are new casino jurisdictions. The individuals interviewed are community leaders (mayors, members of the city council, leading members of the business community) or work in areas (banking, law enforcement, social services) which would provide insight into the positive and negative effects that casinos have on communities. A series of

David Giacopassi; Mark Nichols; B. Grant Stitt

1999-01-01

337

78 FR 19534 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES National Endowment for the Arts Proposed Collection; Comment...SUMMARY: The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), as part of its...that have been sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts Our Town and Mayors'...

2013-04-01

338

Monica Griesbach, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES CITY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Monica Griesbach, Photographer August 1997. DETAIL OF LOS ANGELES CITY HALL WEST ENTRANCE COURTYARD SHOWING GRILL AND INSCRIPTION OF "AD 1927 GEORGE E. CRYER, MAYOR," FACING EAST. - Los Angeles City Hall, 200 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

339

Consecuencias de la restricción de peso impuesta por el deporte en la infancia  

Microsoft Academic Search

ExtractoActualmente, los competidores jóvenes emprenden programas de entrenamiento que se basan en un nivel elevado de actividad física desde una temprana edad. Este entrenamiento intensivo (volumen e intensidad) aumenta el gasto de energía, que tiene que ser compensado por una mayor ingesta nutricional. Los bailarines de ballet, los patinadores artísticos, los gimnastas o los gimnastas rítmicos comienzan a entrenar a

Nathalie Boisseau

2006-01-01

340

Statement of the Financial Economists Roundtable on the International Competitiveness of U.S. Capital Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Committee on Capital Markets Regulation issued an Interim Report (known as the “Paulson Report”) near the end of 2006 that concluded that the U.S. “is losing its leading competitive position as compared to stock markets and financial centers abroad.” This report was quickly followed by a study, which reached similar conclusions, that was commissioned by New York Mayor Michael

Franklin Edwards; Kenneth Scott

2007-01-01

341

Kathy Betancourt oral history interview by Robert Kerstein, June 13, 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the tenure of Tampa Mayor Sandy Freedman (1986-1995), Kathy Betancourt served as Director of Governmental Relations (through 1994). The interview begins with Ms. Betancourt discussing her background and growing up in Ybor City. She describes her position with the city and her work for the city in Tallahassee. She also discusses Florida's Urban Partnership (FUP) and Florida's Association of

Kathy A. Betancourt; Robert J. Kerstein

2005-01-01

342

Structural Pluralism, Corporate Newspaper Structure, and News Source Perceptions: Another Test of the Editorial Vigor Hypothesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributes to journalism scholarship investigating the editorial vigor hypothesis using a national probability survey of mainstream news sources (mayors and police chiefs). Argues that newspapers with a corporate structure are more critical because they are more likely to be located in pluralistic communities and because they are more insulated…

Demers, David K.

1998-01-01

343

Chasing the Blues Away: Charter Schools Scale Up in Chicago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past eight years, Chicago has created an excellent charter school model with help from across the city. Mayor Richard Daley supported the reform, Chicago Public Schools developed a thoughtful and proactive approval process, business and civic leaders championed the movement and provided technical support, and teachers and community groups…

Lake, Robin J.; Rainey, Lydia

2005-01-01

344

Exámenes selectivos de detección del cáncer colorrectal  

Cancer.gov

Un ejemplo excelente del poder de la investigación de prevención es el progreso sustancial que hemos logrado en la reducción de la incidencia y muerte por cáncer colorrectal, con nuevos conocimientos que iluminan el camino a incluso mayores reducciones en un futuro cercano.

345

Prevention and Retention: Facing Dropout Problems, Finding Solutions. Proceedings of the Texas Symposium on Hispanic Educational Issues (2nd, Lubbock, Texas, March 1-2, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings report presents dropout statistics, descriptions of prevention programs, and recommendations for future efforts. After an introduction to the dropout problem, the proceedings contains transcripts of welcomes and greetings from the mayor of Lubbock and officials from Texas Tech's College of Education, the State Board of Education,…

Denham, Alice, Ed.

346

78 FR 72911 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...City of Moscow The Honorable P.O. Box 36, http...290546 Mills (13-07- Andrew Moscow Mills, MO www.msc.fema.gov/ 1368P...Teschendorf, 63362. lomc. Mayor, City of Moscow Mills, P.O. Box 36, Moscow...

2013-12-04

347

The Westwood Experience: Connecting story to locations via Mixed Reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Westwood Experience is a location-based narrative using Mixed Reality effects to connect participants to unique and evocative real locations, bridging the gap between the real and story worlds. This paper describes the experience and a detailed evaluation of it. The experience itself centers around a narrative told by the “mayor” of Westwood. He tells a love story from his

Jason Wither; Rebecca Allen; Vids Samanta; Juha Hemanus; Yun-Ta Tsai; Ronald Azuma; W. Carter; R. Hinman; T. Korah

2010-01-01

348

Potential Next Steps for the New Orleans City Council Energy Efficiency Resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is adapted from an actual February 2008 deliverable memo and report delivered by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the Department of Energy Project Officer in February of 2008. In

Doris

2011-01-01

349

Estabilidad de los modelos de Heggie y Ramamani  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Los modelos de Heggie y Ramamani de satélites galácticos en órbitas circulares se basan en una teoría aproximada, por lo que es importante verificar su estabilidad mediante simulaciones numéricas. En esta forma, hemos logrado mostrar que son estables sobre intervalos de tiempo mucho mayores que los que lograron los propios autores de los modelos. Por otra parte, dado que hemos mostrado que el caos es significativo en estos modelos, son un sistema ideal para investigar si, pese a ello, se mantienen estacionarios. Nuestras simulaciones numéricas muestran que, pese al caos, la estacionariedad se mantiene sobre intervalos de centenares de tiempos de cruce del sistema, mucho mayores que los tiempos de Liapunov característicos de sus movimientos caóticos.

Muzzio, J. C.; Vergne, M. M.; Wachlin, F. C.; Carpintero, D. D.

350

CEOs for Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The past few years have seen a growing number of organizations, institutions, and national think tanks express an increasing concern for sustaining the competitive economic advantage of major urban areas. One such group is CEOS for Cities, which is a national bipartisan alliance of mayors, corporate executives, university presidents, and other nonprofit leaders whose primary directive is to advance the economic competitiveness of cities. The group's executive committee includes such powerful leaders as Mayor Richard M. Daley of Chicago and Paul S. Grogan, the CEO of the Boston Foundation. One of the site's best features is the Trends and Data Analysis Reports, coupled with the Best Practice reports. Many of these documents are co-authored with other like-minded institutions, such as the Brookings Institution, and delve into such topics as What the IT Revolution Means for Regional Economic Development and Leveraging Colleges and Universities for Urban Economic Revitalization: An Action Agenda.

351

Bikes, helmets, and public health: decision-making when goods collide.  

PubMed

How ought public officials address policy choices that entail trade-offs between desirable public health goods? Increasing cycling improves public health both by promoting physical activity and by decreasing vehicle use, thus reducing vehicular emissions. Proponents of bicycle helmets argue that, used properly, they protect individual cyclists; however, there is concern that mandating helmet use may result in a decrease in cycling. In 2012, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg opposed a bicycle helmet mandate, concerned that it would have a negative impact on the city's cycling rate, which he had sought to increase. The mayor did not explain his rationale, leaving constituents unsure why he opposed the proposal. This case study underscores the challenge of creating public policy in the context of competing public health goods. PMID:24825196

Bateman-House, Alison

2014-06-01

352

The London School of Economics and Political Science: Video and Audio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In any given week, the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) might host a visiting scholar from Ghana speaking on agricultural subsidies, a panel of journalists talking about freedom of the press, and a conversation on the upcoming mayoral elections in London. It's part of what the organization does, and now visitors outside of London can experience some of these proceedings. This page contains the LSE's videos and podcasts, which serve as an introduction to its vast holdings. First-time visitors can scan through talks like "Dial M for Murdoch" and "The 2012 London Mayoral Election" to get started. Visitors can continue on to look over the LSE's iTunesU offerings, YouTube channel, and RSS feeds. Other great offerings here include "Capturing the Cut: On the Invention of Medical Illustration" and The Burning Issue series, which addresses a current controversy or urgent human wellbeing issue.

2012-05-18

353

51. Owsley Block, 43 East Park, 1889. This building features ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

51. Owsley Block, 43 East Park, 1889. This building features projecting bay window units, and curved balconies on the upper two floors, and modernized storefronts at the ground level. It was built for William Owsley, who served a Mayor of Butte 1884-1885. It originally had two storefronts, with lodgings and meeting rooms for clubs above. - Butte Historic District, Bounded by Copper, Arizona, Mercury & Continental Streets, Butte, Silver Bow County, MT

354

Una técnica para filtrar patrones de fringing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se presenta una nueva técnica para filtrar los patrones de fringing producidos en los CCDs tipo RCA. El método consiste en construir un mapa con los ángulos de inclinación de las franjas en cada punto de la imagen. Este mapa es ulteriormente utilizado para alinear con el patrón de interferencia una ventana estrecha, sobre la que se aplica un filtro de mediana. Este procedimiento permite eliminar la mayor parte del ruido del patrón de fringing sin destruirlo.

Ostrov, P. G.

355

Performance Modeling and Network Management for Self-similar Traffic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the discovery of the self-similar nature of network traffic, researchers were able to propose new traffic models [Mayor96d,\\u000a Norros94] that are better able to mimic the long-range dependence phenomenon exhibited by real network traffic. Nevertheless,\\u000a since most of the existing queueing theory is based on the assumption of Markovian models, there are few analytical results\\u000a dealing with an ATM

Gilberto Mayor; John Silvester

356

Efecto del glicerol sobre la catálisis por fosfatasa ácida de bajo peso molecular de hígado de alpaca (Lama pacos)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the effect of glycerol on hydrolisis of p-nitrophenyl phosphate at pH 5,0 by low molecular weight acid phosphatase from alpaca liver. Design: Experimental analytical study. Setting: Biochemistry and Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. Materials: Disodic p-nitrophenyl phosphate salt, glacial acetic acid, glycerol, tricloroacetic acid, sulfuric acid, ammonium molibdate,

Emilio Guija; Fernando Arauco; Hielke Haak-Mares; Mercedes Soberón

2007-01-01

357

Sleep problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Resumen  Durante los primeros años los períodos de sueño del niño cambian mucho: comienza durmiendo 20 de 24 horas en períodos de 4\\u000a horas o menos, y al finalizar el año duermen de 14 a 16 horas diarias con un largo período contínuo durante la noche. A la\\u000a edad de 2 años y medio duermen la mayor parte de los niños

John Apley; Ronald Mackeith

1969-01-01

358

A new estimate of the negro population and negro vital rates in the united states, 1930–60  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Resumen  El análisis demogárafico de la población negra de los Estados Unidos se ha dificultado debido a que las estadísticas censales\\u000a y vitales se conocen como incompletas y sesgadas. Como resultado de un alfabetismo creciente, mayor bienestar económico y\\u000a una calidad mejor del trabajo de campo del censo con respecto a la población negra, el recuento del Censo de 1960 parece

Donald J. Bogue; Bhaskar D. Misra; D. P. Dandekar

1964-01-01

359

Cambio Climático en Bolivia: Impactos sobre Bosque y Biodiversidad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bolivia tiene un nivel de biodiversidad extremadamente alto y pocos países del mundo tienen mayor diversidad de ecosistemas que Bolivia, cuyas características geográficas varían en altura (entre 200 y 6000 m.s.n.m), precipitación (entre 200 y 5000 mm\\/año), temperaturas (glacial hasta tropical) y topografía, y por lo tanto en tipos de vegetación. Los principales tipos de ecosistemas son representados en 22

Lykke E. Andersen

2009-01-01

360

Detail of plaque beneath column on the south parapet at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Detail of plaque beneath column on the south parapet at the west end of the bridge. The plaque reads ?1914; Mayor E.J. Drussel; Councilmen E.S. Henry, E.F. Hogan, R.P. Lamdin, C.F. Ross, J.H. Shuppert; Leonard & Day, Engineers; C.H. Gildersleeve, Builder.? - First Street Bridge, Spanning Napa River at First Street between Soscol Avenue & Juarez Street, Napa, Napa County, CA

361

Componentes espectrales directa y difusa, UVA y UVB y de acciones biológicas de la radiación solar incidente sobre Buenos Aires. Mediciones y modelización Direct and diffuse spectral components, UVA and UVB and biological actions of the solar radiation incident on Buenos Aires. Measurements and modelization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se presentan mediciones de irradiancia espectral solar en el rango ultravioleta, efectuadas en el CEILAP, Gran Buenos Aires, utilizando el espectrorradiómetro portátil Ocean Optics HR4000, recientemente incorporado. La relación global\\/difusa crece y la relación difusa\\/directa decrece con la longitud de onda, pasando por el valor uno (igualdad de ambas componentes) a longitudes de onda cada vez mayores. Este comportamiento se

M. M. Raponi; G. Salum; F. Gonzalez; E. Quel; R. D. Piacentini

362

Terrestrial Planet Formation in Binary Star Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a More than half of all main sequence stars, and an even larger fraction of pre-main sequence stars, reside in binary or multiple\\u000a systems (Duquennoy and Mayor 1991; Mathieu et al. 2000). The presence of planet-forming material has been indirectly observed\\u000a around one or both components of some young binaries, and (Mathieu et al. 2000) numerical simulations of the formation of

Elisa V. Quintana; Jack J. Lissauer; J. E. Chambers

2010-01-01

363

Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy: Presentations (Video) from the 2013 Innovation Summit  

DOE Data Explorer

Videoed presentations from the 2013 Innovation Summit hosted by DOE's ARPA-E. Keynote speakers were noted businessman and BP founder T. Boone Pickens, General James L. Jones, DuPont CEO Ellen Kullman, Purdue University President Mitch Daniels, DARPA Director Arati Prabhakar, NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, global change expert Dr. Hans Rosling, and ARPA-E Deputy Director Cheryl Martin.

364

Government Program Briefing: Smart Metering  

SciTech Connect

This document is adapted and updated from a memo delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in March 2008. This briefing piece provides an overview of the benefits, costs, and challenges of smart metering.

Doris, E.; Peterson, K.

2011-09-01

365

Green Building Policy Options for New Orleans  

SciTech Connect

This document is adapted from a memo and report delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in 2008. The report outlines ideas for and potential impacts of various green building policies in New Orleans in the years following Hurricane Katrina.

Doris, E.

2011-09-01

366

ANALISIS DE FORMAS EN ESPECIES CHILENAS DEL GENERO TRICHOMYCTERUS (OSTEICHTHYES: SILURIFORMES) UTILIZANDO MORFOMETRIA GEOMETRICA SHAPE ANALYSIS IN CHILEAN SPECIES OF TRICHOMYCTERUS (OSTEICHTHYES: SILURIFORMES) USING GEOMETRIC MORPHOMETRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN El género Trichomycterus incluye aproximadamente 120 especies, que se distribuyen comúnmente en las cabeceras de los ríos neotropicales. En Chile este género se encuentra ampliamente distribuido: en el altiplano (14°-22°S) Trichomycterus chungaraensis; T. laucaensis y T. rivulatus, mientras T. areolatus se distribuye entre Huasco (28° 27'S) y Chiloé (41° 27'S), presentando la mayor amplitud en extensión, y en simpatría

R. Pardo; S. Scott; I. Vila

367

Infección por VIH y el riesgo de cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Hoja informativa que describe el mayor riesgo de ciertos tipos de cánceres que presentan las personas con infección por VIH. Dichos cánceres son el sarcoma de Kaposi, los linfomas de Hodgkin y no Hodgkin, y los cánceres de ano, de cérvix, de hígado y de pulmón. Trata también de lo que las personas con infección por VIH pueden hacer para reducir su riesgo de cáncer o para detectar temprano la enfermedad.

368

Estudio de los hábitos alimentarios de niños de 4-6 años de Reynosa, Tamaulipas (México)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se estudiaron los hábitos alimentarios de niños de 4 a 6 años en Reynosa, Tamaulipas (México) para determinar el riesgo de problemas nutricionales derivados del sobrepeso y obesidad. Se estudiaron las dietas de 999 niños. La ingesta de calorías en los niños (1457,10 ± 22,30 kcal) fue significativamente mayor que en las niñas (1345,69 ± 20,58 kcal). Un comportamiento similar se observó para la mayoría

O. Castillo-Ruiz; G. Velazquez; R. M. Uresti-Marín; N. Mier; M. Vázquez; J. A. Ramírez de León

2012-01-01

369

The Impact of School Vouchers on College Enrollment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, Cardinal John J. O'Connor, archbishop of New York, proposed to Rudy Crew, chancellor of the New York City public school system, that the city's most troubled public-school students be sent to Catholic schools, where he would see that they were given an education. New York City's mayor at that time, Rudolph Giuliani, a…

Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E.

2013-01-01

370

Local decision makers' awareness of the social determinants of health in Turkey: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Social determinants have been described as having a greater influence than other determinants of health status. The major social determinants of health and the necessary policy objectives have been defined; it is now necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of these policies. Previous studies have shown that descriptions of the awareness level of citizens and local decision makers, practice-based research and evidence, and intersectoral studies are the best options for investigating the social determinants of health at the community level. The objective of the present study was to define local decision makers’ awareness of the social determinants of health in the Aydin province of Turkey. Methods A total of 53 mayors serve the Aydin city center, districts and towns. Aydin city center has 22 neighborhoods and 22 headmen responsible for them. The present study targeted all mayors and headmen in Aydin - a total of 75 possible participants. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. The questionnaire was faxed to the mayors and administered face-to-face with the headmen. Results Headmen identified the three most important determinants of public health as environmental issues, addictions (smoking, alcohol) and malnutrition. According to the mayors, the major determinant of public health is stress, followed by malnutrition, environmental issues, an inactive lifestyle, and the social and economic conditions of the country. Both groups expressed that the Turkish Ministry of Health, municipalities and universities are the institutions responsible for developing health policy. Headmen were found to be unaware and mayors were aware of the social determinants of health as classified by the World Health Organisation. Both groups were classified as unaware with regard to their awareness of the Marmot Review policy objectives. Conclusions Studies such as the present study provide important additional information on the social determinants of health, and help to increase the awareness levels of both local decision-makers and the community. Such studies must be considered a vital first step in future public health research on health determinants and their impact on national and international policies.

2012-01-01

371

Sex and the baths: a not-so-secret report.  

PubMed

During the 1984 debate about closing the baths in San Francisco the mayor directed the police to investigate sexual behavior in the bathhouses and write a report for her. The directive had been a secret, but when the community learned of the report, its response was quick and furious. The mayor squelched the report and no one but the report's authors, the mayor, and probably a handful of intermediaries ever saw the written report. In response to this investigation, two local journalists conducted a more open investigation that resulted in a newspaper article for Coming Up!, a lesbian and gay community newspaper published monthly in San Francisco (California). This article is reprinted here in large part because of its scientific rather than journalistic or historical value. These investigators approached their work systematically (certainly much more so than many other scientists, journalists or police professionals at the time), and as a result, their article provides a much more thorough description of what was happening in the baths at that point in the AIDS epidemic. Interestingly, many public policy options considered today were already part of the discussion then and, at times, already in place in the San Francisco bathhouses. Of note, at the time, orgy rooms were considered likely to be contributing to transmission, thus the authors gave particular attention to its presence/absence and use. The original paper was published in the July 1984 edition (pp. 17-22). As with all the reprinted papers in this volume, no editorial changes were made to the paper and only minor typographical errors were corrected. The editor of Coming Up! included a preface to the article in the original publication, and that preface is also reprinted here. PMID:12962181

Helquist, Michael; Osmon, Rick

2003-01-01

372

Engagement in the electoral processes: scaling laws and the role of political positions.  

PubMed

We report on a statistical analysis of the engagement in the electoral processes of all Brazilian cities by considering the number of party memberships and the number of candidates for mayor and councillor. By investigating the relationships between the number of party members and the population of voters, we have found that the functional forms of these relationships are well described by sublinear power laws (allometric scaling) surrounded by a multiplicative log-normal noise. We have observed that this pattern is quite similar to those we previously reported for the relationships between the number of candidates (mayor and councillor) and population of voters [Europhys. Lett. 96, 48001 (2011)], suggesting that similar universal laws may be ruling the engagement in the electoral processes. We also note that the power-law exponents display a clear hierarchy, where the more influential is the political position the smaller is the value of the exponent. We have also investigated the probability distributions of the number of candidates (mayor and councillor), party memberships, and voters. The results indicate that the most influential positions are characterized by distributions with very short tails, while less influential positions display an intermediate power-law decay before showing an exponential-like cutoff. We discuss the possibility that, in addition to the political power of the position, limitations in the number of available seats can also be connected with this changing of behavior. We further believe that our empirical findings point out to an under-representation effect, where the larger the city is, the larger are the obstacles for more individuals to become directly engaged in the electoral process. PMID:24032971

Mantovani, M C; Ribeiro, H V; Lenzi, E K; Picoli, S; Mendes, R S

2013-08-01

373

Engagement in the electoral processes: Scaling laws and the role of political positions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on a statistical analysis of the engagement in the electoral processes of all Brazilian cities by considering the number of party memberships and the number of candidates for mayor and councillor. By investigating the relationships between the number of party members and the population of voters, we have found that the functional forms of these relationships are well described by sublinear power laws (allometric scaling) surrounded by a multiplicative log-normal noise. We have observed that this pattern is quite similar to those we previously reported for the relationships between the number of candidates (mayor and councillor) and population of voters [Europhys. Lett.EULEEJ0295-507510.1209/0295-5075/96/48001 96, 48001 (2011)], suggesting that similar universal laws may be ruling the engagement in the electoral processes. We also note that the power-law exponents display a clear hierarchy, where the more influential is the political position the smaller is the value of the exponent. We have also investigated the probability distributions of the number of candidates (mayor and councillor), party memberships, and voters. The results indicate that the most influential positions are characterized by distributions with very short tails, while less influential positions display an intermediate power-law decay before showing an exponential-like cutoff. We discuss the possibility that, in addition to the political power of the position, limitations in the number of available seats can also be connected with this changing of behavior. We further believe that our empirical findings point out to an under-representation effect, where the larger the city is, the larger are the obstacles for more individuals to become directly engaged in the electoral process.

Mantovani, M. C.; Ribeiro, H. V.; Lenzi, E. K.; Picoli, S., Jr.; Mendes, R. S.

2013-08-01

374

Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change in the City of Chicago  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Under Mayor Richard M. Daley's leadership, the City of Chicago initiated the Chicago Climate Action Plan (CCAP) to better understand local implications of global climate change in both higher and lower emissions scenarios, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and implement programs to build future climate change resilience. The City approached this work not only as a way to make Chicago more adaptable in the future, but also to improve Chicago's quality of life today. The Chicago Climate Action Plan adopted stresses the importance of both reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Chicago and preparing for climate changes that may be unavoidable. Building off of the City's significant environmental programs and projects, and based on our analyses of the climate effects and impacts that improved the scientific understanding of future climate change impacts on Chicago, the City then developed a set of climate change adaptation strategies, resulting in the City of Chicago Climate Change Adaptation Summary. This document includes prioritization of climate change adaptations based on relative risk as well as framework strategies for those tactics categorized as "must do/early action." In early 2008, The Mayor's Office asked five Commissioners from its Green Steering Committee to chair adaptation work groups including: extreme heat; extreme precipitation; buildings, infrastructure and equipment; ecosystems; and leadership, planning and communications. Working with staff from relevant departments, sister agencies and other stakeholders, these work groups developed 39 basic adaptation work plans, including plans for enhancing the City's existing projects and programs that relate to climate change adaptation. Climate change adaptation work will be on-going in City Departments under the Mayor's Office leadership. The City intends to continually monitor and improve its response to climate change, resulting in an improved quality of life for Chicago residents.

Wuebbles, D. J.; Hayhoe, K.; Coffee, J.; McGraw, J.; Parzen, J.

2008-12-01

375

News and Views: A total solar eclipse over Rapa Nui; ESA's vision; International team wins first Ambartsumian Prize; Thinner thermosphere; ESA funds games; Team finds starspots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Francisco Diego recorded spectacular images of the 11 July 2010 total solar eclipse from Rapa Nui (Easter Island), making the most of modern digital technology - much of which originated from astronomical research - in taking and processing the images. The European Space Agency has set out its priorities for the decade starting in 2015, in a report entitled Cosmic Vision. The first Viktor Ambartsumian International Prize, in memory of the distinguished Armenian theorist, goes to the team led by Prof. Michel Mayor of the Observatory of Geneva, for ``their important contribution in the study of relation between planetary systems and their host stars''.

2010-10-01

376

[Colonic stenosis with primary resection (author's transl)].  

PubMed

A primary resection and reanastomosis of the colon is often the procedure of choice, even in the presence of a significant stenotic element, provided there are no mayor disturbances of water-electrolyte homeostasis. In a series of 100 consecutive colonic resections (23 complicated by perforation, 9 by ileus, and 2 by bleeding), 97 patients were treated by primary resection (92 without a protective colostomy). No untoward effects were noted specifically due to this technique. The overall mortality rate was 4%, a favorable result when compared with the cumulative risk of a multiple stage procedure. PMID:732470

Hell, K

1978-11-01

377

Como Lo Hago Yo: Anomal?as del Tubo Neural en Guatemala -- Mielomeningocele Unidad de Espina B?fida e Hidrocefalia  

PubMed Central

En Guatemala nacen por añ 786 niños con defectos de tubo neural. Operamos 65 a 70 niños con mielomenigocele por año. Tenemos equipo multidisciplinario. Recomendamos parto por cesárea. Infección antes de la cirugía es un problema mayor. Derivación tardía es un problema. Disecamos la plaqueta con la técnica clásica. Suturamos la plaqueta para restituir la forma de la médula. Corpectomía en casos de cifósis. Hidrocefalía: Operamos el 80% de los niños. Chiari II: Operamos basados en los síntomas, primero nos aseguramos que la válvula funciona bien. Médula anclada: Operamos basados en los síntomas.

Manucci, Graciela; von Quednow, Enzo

2014-01-01

378

La distribución de objetos en el Cinturón de Kuiper y la posible existencia de un nuevo planeta en el Sistema Solar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A pesar de que la capacidad observacional no lo limita, no se han descubierto objetos en el Cinturón de Kuiper más allá de las 50 AU. Recientemente, hemos propuesto que un embrión planetario originalmente formado en la región de Urano-Neptuno, y posteriormente migrado hacia distancias mayores a 50-60 AU, puede explicar este hecho. Presentamos simulaciones numéricas de acreción del Sistema Solar exterior que muestran cómo, naturalmente, podriamos esperar que un planeta de este tipo se encuentre actualmente en regiones distantes del sistema solar. Analizamos además la posibilidad de detectarlo con instrumentos actuales.

Brunini, A.

379

Green chemistry: Efficient epoxides ring-opening with 1-butanol under microwave irradiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two activated carbons treated with mineral acids (HNO 3 and sulfonitric mixture) have been tested as acid catalysts in the epoxides (1,2-epoxyhexane and styrene oxide) ring-opening reaction with 1-butanol under microwave (MW) irradiation. The mayor obtained product is that resulting of the alcohol addition to the most substituted carbon in the epoxide ring. The most active catalyst is that treated with sulfonitric mixture. The use of a MW oven allows achieving to the complete conversion of styrene oxide in only 2 min.

García-Vidal, Jesús A.; Durán-Valle, Carlos J.; Ferrera-Escudero, Santiago

2006-06-01

380

"This area has been declared a prostitution free zone": discursive formations of space, the state, and trans "sex worker" bodies.  

PubMed

The mayorally instituted and police-enforced Prostitution Free Zones in Washington, DC, serve as a tool of nation-state disciplinarity, wherein many transgender women of color, viewed as ideologically suspect, are profiled as "sex workers," facing police harassment and arrest. This article explores here how this process is not merely about sex work but rather about discourses that are evoked in the displacement of the always-already displaced-racial, sexed, and gendered "others" through interviews with activists and trans community members, as well as District of Columbia government publications. PMID:21740214

Edelman, Elijah Adiv

2011-01-01

381

Energy block grants. Hearing of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session, May 28, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Nine witnesses spoke at a May 28, 1981 hearing on the merits of consolidating existing energy-conservation programs into a single block grant. A joint proposal for doing this is offered by the National Governor's Association, the League of Cities, the National Association of Counties, and the Conference of Mayors as an efficient and flexible approach. Other witnesses report on the home weatherization program and pending legislation. At issue is the concern that consolidation could undermine program goals and accountability. Additional correspondence and statements submitted for the record follows the testimony. (DCK)

Not Available

1981-01-01

382

SOBREPESO Y OBESIDAD EN NIÑOS Y ADOLESCENTES DE LA CIUDAD DE CORRIENTES ASOCIACIÓN CON FACTORES DE RIESGO CARDIOVASCULAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

sos, con predominio en varones (OR=1.46; IC=1.12-1.91; p=0.03). Actividad física semanal: 3.9 ± 2.9 hs. mayor en varones (p<0.001). Horas de sedentarismo: 3.2 ± 1.9. Antecedentes: obesidad materna 282 (13.3%), paterna 311 (14.7%), en ambos 116 (6.6%). Consumo regular de comidas grasas: 1711 (80.9%). PAS: 107.8 ± 13.6; PAD: 66.9 ± 11.5; PAM: 80.5 ± 10.1. Hipertensos 64 (3%) a

CARLOS A. MARTÍNEZ; JULIO O. IBÁÑEZ; CARLOS A. PATERNO; MIRTHA SEMENZA DE ROIG; MARÍA ITATÍ HEITZ; JORGE O. KRISKOVICH; GRISELDA R. DE BONIS; LIZ C. CÁCERES

2001-01-01

383

Structural Antitumoral Activity Relationships of Synthetic Chalcones  

PubMed Central

Relationships between the structural characteristic of synthetic chalcones and their antitumoral activity were studied. Treatment of HepG2 cells for 24 h with synthetic 2’-hydroxychalcones resulted in apoptosis induction and dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation. The calculated reactivity indexes and the adiabatic electron affinities using the DFT method including solvent effects, suggest a structure-activity relationship between the Chalcones structure and the apoptosis in HepG2 cells. The absence of methoxy substituents in the B ring of synthetic 2’-hydroxychalcones, showed the mayor structure-activity pattern along the series.

Echeverria, Cesar; Santibanez, Juan Francisco; Donoso-Tauda, Oscar; Escobar, Carlos A.; Ramirez-Tagle, Rodrigo

2009-01-01

384

Ground water in the Blanchard area, McClain County, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A letter from Lloyd L. Bowser, City Clerk, dated January 8, 1948, in behalf of the town council and Mayor Walter Casey, indicates that a serious shortage of water is faced by the town of Blanchard, McClain County, Oklahoma. The town is near the eastern boundary of Grady County, where an investigation of the ground-water resources is being made by the Oklahoma Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey as part of a State-wide investigation. Information obtained thus far may aid the town by showing where additional ground water for municipal supply may be sought.

Davis, Leon Virgil; Schoff, Stuart L.

1948-01-01

385

LBNL Computational Research and Theory Facility Groundbreaking. February 1st, 2012  

SciTech Connect

Energy Secretary Steven Chu, along with Berkeley Lab and UC leaders, broke ground on the Lab's Computational Research and Theory (CRT) facility yesterday. The CRT will be at the forefront of high-performance supercomputing research and be DOE's most efficient facility of its kind. Joining Secretary Chu as speakers were Lab Director Paul Alivisatos, UC President Mark Yudof, Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman, and UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau. The festivities were emceed by Associate Lab Director for Computing Sciences, Kathy Yelick, and Berkeley Mayor Tom Bates joined in the shovel ceremony.

Yelick, Kathy

2012-01-01

386

LBNL Computational Research and Theory Facility Groundbreaking. February 1st, 2012  

ScienceCinema

Energy Secretary Steven Chu, along with Berkeley Lab and UC leaders, broke ground on the Lab's Computational Research and Theory (CRT) facility yesterday. The CRT will be at the forefront of high-performance supercomputing research and be DOE's most efficient facility of its kind. Joining Secretary Chu as speakers were Lab Director Paul Alivisatos, UC President Mark Yudof, Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman, and UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau. The festivities were emceed by Associate Lab Director for Computing Sciences, Kathy Yelick, and Berkeley Mayor Tom Bates joined in the shovel ceremony.

Yelick, Kathy

2013-05-29

387

LBNL Computational Research & Theory Facility Groundbreaking - Full Press Conference. Feb 1st, 2012  

SciTech Connect

Energy Secretary Steven Chu, along with Berkeley Lab and UC leaders, broke ground on the Lab's Computational Research and Theory (CRT) facility yesterday. The CRT will be at the forefront of high-performance supercomputing research and be DOE's most efficient facility of its kind. Joining Secretary Chu as speakers were Lab Director Paul Alivisatos, UC President Mark Yudof, Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman, and UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau. The festivities were emceed by Associate Lab Director for Computing Sciences, Kathy Yelick, and Berkeley Mayor Tom Bates joined in the shovel ceremony.

Yelick, Kathy

2012-01-01

388

STS-1 crew, State and White House dignitaries during crew return at Ellington  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Astronaut Robert L. Crippen, center, addresses a large turnout of greeters at Ellington Air Force Base following return of Columbia's crew from Dryden. Astronaut John W. Young stands near his wife Suzy at right center. Crippen's wife Virginia and children are standing behind the Youngs on the platform. Others seen include Presidental aids Jim Baker, Houston Mayor Jim McConn, NASA Administrator (acting) Alan M. Lovelace, John F. Yardley, associate administrator for Space Transportation Systems; Dr. Crhisotpher C. Kraft, Jr. JSC Director; flight directors Neil B. Hutchinson, Charles L. Lewis and Donald R. Puddy and Robert F. Thompson, Manager of Space Shuttle Program Office.

1981-01-01

389

LBNL Computational Research & Theory Facility Groundbreaking - Full Press Conference. Feb 1st, 2012  

ScienceCinema

Energy Secretary Steven Chu, along with Berkeley Lab and UC leaders, broke ground on the Lab's Computational Research and Theory (CRT) facility yesterday. The CRT will be at the forefront of high-performance supercomputing research and be DOE's most efficient facility of its kind. Joining Secretary Chu as speakers were Lab Director Paul Alivisatos, UC President Mark Yudof, Office of Science Director Bill Brinkman, and UC Berkeley Chancellor Robert Birgeneau. The festivities were emceed by Associate Lab Director for Computing Sciences, Kathy Yelick, and Berkeley Mayor Tom Bates joined in the shovel ceremony.

Yelick, Kathy

2013-05-29

390

Investigadores encuentran que el sarcoma en niños aumenta el riesgo de coágulos en la sangre  

Cancer.gov

Investigadores del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), un componente de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud, han determinado que los niños y jóvenes que padecen una forma de cáncer llamada sarcoma tienen mayor riesgo de presentar un episodio de tromboembolia en las venas. Los episodios de tromboembolia pueden deberse a un coágulo de sangre en un vaso sanguíneo que puede interferir con el flujo normal de sangre. La investigación de la relación entre el sarcoma y los episodios de tromboembolia es importante ya que la mayoría de los niños con sarcoma pueden curarse del cáncer, pero la presencia de episodios de tromboembolia podría comprometer en forma adversa el éxito.

391

Gas-exchange patterns of Mediterranean fruit fly Pupae (Diptera: Tephritidae): A tool to forecast developmental stage  

SciTech Connect

The pattern of gas-exchange (CO{sub 2} emission) was investigated for developing Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) pupae incubated at different temperatures. This study was undertaken to explore the usefulness of gas-exchange systems in the determination of physiological age in developing pupae that are mass produced for sterile insect technique projects. The rate of CO{sub 2} emission was measured in a closed flow-through system connected to commercial infrared gas analysis equipment. Metabolic activity (rate of CO{sub 2} emission) was related to pupal eye-color, which is the current technique used to determine physiological age. Eye-color was characterized digitally with 3 variables (Hue, Saturation and Intensity), and color separated by discriminant analysis. The rate of CO{sub 2} emission throughout pupal development followed a U-shape, with high levels of emission during pupariation, pupal transformation and final pharate adult stages. Temperature affected the development time of pupae, but not the basic CO{sub 2} emission patterns during development. In all temperatures, rates of CO{sub 2} emission 1 and 2 d before adult emergence were very similar. After mid larval-adult transition (e.g., phanerocephalic pupa), digital eye-color was significantly correlated with CO{sub 2} emission. Results support the suggestion that gas-exchange should be explored further as a system to determine pupal physiological age in mass production of fruit flies. (author) [Spanish] En el presente estudio se investigaron los patrones de intercambio gaseoso (emision de CO{sub 2}) en pupas de la mosca de las frutas del Mediterraneo (Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann) incubadas a diferentes temperaturas. El estudio fue realizado con la finalidad de explorar la utilizacion de sistemas de intercambio gaseoso en la determinacion de la edad fisiologica de pupas durante su produccion masiva en proyectos de mosca esteril. La proporcion de emision de CO{sub 2} fue medido en un sistema cerrado de 'flujo a traves del sistema' conectado a un detector infrarrojo de gases. La actividad metabolica de la pupa (emision de CO{sub 2}) fue contrastado al color del ojo de la pupa en desarrollo, que constituye la actual tecnica de determinacion de la edad fisiologica. El color de ojos en pupa fue determinado digitalmente, usando tres variables (Tendencia, Saturacion e Intensidad). Los colores fueron separados utilizando el analisis discriminatorio. Los patrones de emision de CO{sub 2} durante el desarrollo de la pupa sugieren una tendencia de U: una alta actividad metabolica durante la fase inicial de pupacion y transformacion y durante la fase final del adulto. La temperatura de incubacion afecto el tiempo de desarrollo pero no el patron basico de actividad metabolica. La proporcion de emision de CO{sub 2} uno y dos dias antes de la emergencia del adulto fue muy similar para pupas mantenidas en las diversas temperaturas. El color digital del ojo de la pupa se correlaciono significativamente con los patrones de emision de CO{sub 2} detectados a partir de la fase media de la transformacion de larva a adulto. Los resultados soportan la utilizacion de sistemas de intercambio gaseoso como un sistema auxiliar para la determinacion de la edad fisiologica en cria masiva de moscas de la fruta. (author)

Nestel, D.; Nemny-Lavy, E. [Department of Entomology, Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Beit-Dagan (Israel); Alchanatis, V. [Department of Sensing, Information and Mechanization, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, 50250 Beit-Dagan (Israel)

2007-03-15

392

Open-field host specificity test of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of tropical soda apple (Solanaceae) in the United States  

SciTech Connect

An open-field experiment was conducted to assess the suitability of the South American leaf feeding beetle Gratiana boliviana Spaeth for biological control of Solanum viarum Dunal in the USA. An open-field test with eggplant, Solanum melongena L., was conducted on the campus of the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and a S. viarum control plot was established 40 km from the campus. One hundred adult beetles were released in each plot at the beginning of the experiment during the vegetative stage of the plants, and forty additional beetles were released in the S. melongena plot at the flowering stage. All the plants in each plot were checked twice a week and the number of adults, immatures, and eggs recorded. Results showed almost a complete rejection of eggplant by G. boliviana. No noticeable feeding damage was ever recorded on eggplant. The experiment was ended when the eggplants started to senesce or were severely damaged by whiteflies and spider mites. The results of this open-field experiment corroborate previous quarantine/laboratory host-specificity tests indicating that a host range expansion of G. boliviana to include eggplant is highly unlikely. Gratiana boliviana was approved for field release in May 2003 in the USA. To date, no non-target effects have been observed either on eggplant or native species of Solanum. (author) [Spanish] Una prueba de campo fue conducida para evaluar la especificidad del escarabajo suramericano defoliador Gratiana boliviana Spaeth para control biologico de Solanum viarum Dunal en los Estados Unidos. La prueba con berenjena se realizo en el campo experimental de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, y una parcela control con S. viarum fue establecida a 40 km. Cien escarabajos adultos fueron liberados en cada parcela al inicio del experimento durante la fase vegetativa, y cuarenta escarabajos adicionales fueron liberados en la parcela de berenjena durante la floracion. Todas las plantas en cada parcela fueron inspeccionadas dos veces a la semana y el numero de adultos, larvas, y posturas fueron registrados. Resultados indicaron un casi completo rechazo de la berenjena por G. boliviana. Ningun dano visible de defoliacion en la berenjena fue detectado. Las pruebas concluyeron cuando las plantas de berenjena alcazaron su madurez o fueron severamente danadas por mosca blanca y acaros. Resultados corroboran previas pruebas de especificidad en laboratorio/cuarentena que indican que la berenjena no es un hospedero de G. boliviana y que la posibilidad de llegar a ser una plaga de este cultivo es muy remota. Gratiana boliviana fue aprobado para ser liberado en el campo en mayo del 2003. Ningun dano ha sido observado hasta la fecha a plantas no blanco. (author)

Gandolfo, D.; McKay, F. [USDA-ARS South American Biological Control Laboratory, Hurlingham (Argentina); Medal, J.C.; Cuda, J.P. [University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2007-03-15

393

Induction of sterility in Anastrepha Fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) by gamma radiation  

SciTech Connect

In relation to the application of the sterile insect technique (SIT) for the South American fruit fly Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann), we analyzed the effect on adult fertility of different doses of gamma irradiation and the age of pupae at the time of irradiation. In a first experiment, we applied doses of 50, 70, and 90 Gy to pupae at 24, 48, 72, and 96 h before adult emergence. In a second experiment we irradiated pupae 48 h before emergence with 20, 40, and 60 Gy and estimated male and female fertility and sperm transfer by irradiated males. The results indicated pupal age at irradiation does not significantly affect male fertility. If males irradiated with 60 Gy are crossed to non-irradiated females the fertility is about 1%. Females irradiated with 40 Gy did not lay eggs independently of the male to which they mated. No significant effects of radiation were observed with respect to the ability of males to transfer sperm. A dose of 70 Gy applied 48 h before adult emergence induces 100% sterility in both males and females. (author) [Spanish] Para la aplicacion de la tecnica del insecto esteril (TIE) en Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann), en este trabajo analizamos el efecto de diferentes dosis de irradiacion gamma y la edad optima de la pupa al momento de la irradiacion. En el primer experimento se evaluaron las dosis de 50, 70, y 90 Gy en pupas de 24, 48, 72, y 96 h antes de la emergencia del adulto. En el segundo experimento se irradiaron pupas 48 h antes de la emergencia con dosis de 20, 40, 60 Gy y se estimo la fertilidad de los machos y las hembras, y la transferencia de espermas por los machos irradiados. Los resultados indicaron que la irradiacion no modifico significativamente la fertilidad de los machos. En las cruzas de machos irradiados a 60 Gy con hembras no irradiadas se observo 1% de eclosion larvaria, mientras que las hembras irradiadas a 40 Gy no pusieron huevos. La irradiacion no afecto significativamente la transferencia de espermas de los machos tratados. Por lo tanto, una dosis de 70 Gy aplicada 48 h antes de la emergencia del adulto induce 100% de esterilidad tanto en machos como en hembras. (a0011uth.

Allinghi, A. [Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, CNEA, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gramajo, C.; Willink, E. [Estacion Experimental Agro-industrial Obispo Columbres, Tucuman (Argentina); Vilardi, J. [Depto. Ecologia, Genetica y Evolucion, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Buenos Aires. (1428) Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2007-03-15

394

Extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 5 modulates the antioxidant response by transcriptionally controlling Sirtuin 1 expression in leukemic cells.  

PubMed

Cancer cell metabolism differs from that of non-transformed cells in the same tissue. This specific metabolism gives tumor cells growing advantages besides the effect in increasing anabolism. One of these advantages is immune evasion mediated by a lower expression of the mayor histocompatibility complex class I molecules. The extracellular-signal-regulated kinase-5 regulates both mayor histocompatibility complex class I expression and metabolic activity. However, the mechanisms underlying are largely unknown. We show here that extracellular-signal-regulated kinase-5 regulates the transcription of the NADH(+)-dependent histone deacetylase silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (Sirtuin 1) in leukemic Jurkat T cells. This involves the activation of the transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor-2 and its binding to the sirt1 promoter. In addition, extracellular-signal-regulated kinase-5 is required for T cell receptor-induced and oxidative stress-induced full Sirtuin 1 expression. Extracellular-signal-regulated kinase-5 induces the expression of promoters containing the antioxidant response elements through a Sirtuin 1-dependent pathway. On the other hand, down modulation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase-5 expression impairs the anti-oxidant response. Notably, the extracellular-signal-regulated kinase-5 inhibitor BIX02189 induces apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia tumor cells without affecting T cells from healthy donors. Our results unveil a new pathway that modulates metabolism in tumor cells. This pathway represents a promising therapeutic target in cancers with deep metabolic layouts such as acute myeloid leukemia. PMID:24880091

Lopez-Royuela, Nuria; Rathore, Moeez G; Allende-Vega, Nerea; Annicotte, Jean-Sébastien; Fajas, Lluis; Ramachandran, Bindu; Gulick, Tod; Villalba, Martin

2014-08-01

395

John V. Lindsay  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the 103rd mayor of New York City from 1965 to 1973, John V. Lindsay had to contend with increased crime, a major strike by public transit employees, and racial unrest. This online exhibit from the Museum of the City of New York complements the physical exhibit at the Museum. On the site, visitors can read about Lindsay's time in office, watch his campaign commercials, and look through several photo essays. Visitors can start their journey by clicking on the "Who Was John Lindsay?" area. Here they will find several introductory essays on his life, along with links to personal recollections from his friends and associates. Moving on, "Lindsay's New York" offers a portrait of New York in the late 1960s and 1970s, and visitors can't help but feel drawn into this tumultuous time via the photo galleries and remembrances from people like fellow mayor Rudy Giuliani. The site is rounded out by an excellent "Resources" area, which includes articles, books, and videos.

396

Matter wave interferometry as a tool for molecule metrology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kapitza-Dirac-Talbot-Lau interferometry (KDTLI) has recently been established as an ideal method to perform quantum matter wave experiments with large, highly polarizable molecules in an unprecedented mass range of beyond 1000 atomic mass units [1]. Since the interference visibility reveals important information on the properties of the examined particles, such as their mass and polarizability, we identified KDTLI as a valuable tool for precision metrology. We demonstrate that quantum interferometry can therefore also serve as a powerful complement to mass spectrometry [2], in particular in cases where fragmentation may occur in the detector. Our new method is applicable to a wide range of molecules and is particularly valuable for characterizing neutral molecular beams. [1] S. Gerlich, L. Hackerm"uller, K. Hornberger, A. Stibor, H. Ulbricht, M. Gring, F. Goldfarb, T. Savas, M. M"uri, M. Mayor, M. Arndt, Nat. Phys. 2007, 3, 711 - 715. [2] Stefan Gerlich, Michael Gring, Hendrik Ulbricht, Klaus Hornberger, Jens T"uxen, Marcel Mayor, and Markus Arndt, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 6195 - 6198.

Gerlich, Stefan; Gring, Michael; Ulbricht, Hendrik; Hornberger, Klaus; Tuexen, Jens; Mayor, Marcel; Arndt, Markus

2009-03-01

397

Geographical dimensions and correlates of trust  

SciTech Connect

A sample of 323 residents of New Jersey stratified by neighborhood quality (excellent, good, fair, poor) was gathered to determine if trust in science and technology to protect public health and environment at the societal scale was associated with trust of the local officials, such as the mayor, health officer, developers, mass media, and legislators who are guardians of the local environment. Societal (trust of science and technology) and neighborhood (mayor, health officer) dimensions of trust were found. These societal and neighborhood trust dimensions were weakly correlated. Respondents were divided into fur trust-of-authority groups: high societal-high neighborhood, low societal-low neighborhood, high societal-low neighborhood, and low societal-high neighborhood. High societal-high neighborhood trust respondents were older, had lived in the neighborhoods for many years, were not troubled much by neighborhood or societal environmental threats, and had a strong sense of control over their environment. In strong contrast, low societal-low neighborhood trust respondents were relatively young, typically had lived in their present neighborhood for a short time, were troubled by numerous neighborhood and societal environmental threats, did not practice many personal public health practices, and felt little control over their environment.

Greenberg, M.R. (Rutgers-the State Univ. of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)); Williams, B. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States))

1999-04-01

398

El proyecto AUGER  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hace ya más de 30 años en Volcano Ranch, EE.UU., un extenso chubasco cósmico (ECC) fue detectado con energía en exceso de 1020 eV. Desde entonces, observatorios ubicados en Haverah Park del Reino Unido, Yakutsk de Rusia, AGASA de Japón y Dugway de EE.UU. también han observado ECC con energías mayores que 1020 eV. Poco se sabe de dichos rayos, y en particular cuál es la naturaleza del primario, de dónde provienen, y cómo son acelerados, pero su naturaleza ultrarelativista excluye la mayoría de las respuestas dejando sólo algunas plausibles de ser investigadas experimentalmente. Grupos de científicos de 20 países están trabajando con el fin de construir dos arreglos de detectores gigantes, uno en cada hemisferio a lo largo de 3000 km2 c/u. Dichas dimensiones son necesarias debido al flujo estimado de 1 rayo cósmico/centuria/km2/sr. La sede del Observatorio del Sur es la Argentina. El proyecto fue nombrado Pierre Auger en conmemoración del célebre físico francés que detectó por primera vez chubascos cósmicos en 1938. El proyecto focaliza su interés en rayos cósmicos con energías mayores que 1020 eV.

Etchegoyen, A.

399

Earthquake source parameters from GPS-measured static displacements with potential for real-time application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a method for determining an optimal centroid-moment tensor solution of an earthquake from a set of static displacements measured using a network of Global Positioning System receivers. Using static displacements observed after the 4 April 2010, MW 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah, Mexico, earthquake, we perform an iterative inversion to obtain the source mechanism and location, which minimize the least-squares difference between data and synthetics. The efficiency of our algorithm for forward modeling static displacements in a layered elastic medium allows the inversion to be performed in real-time on a single processor without the need for precomputed libraries of excitation kernels; we present simulated real-time results for the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. The only a priori information that our inversion scheme needs is a crustal model and approximate source location, so the method proposed here may represent an improvement on existing early warning approaches that rely on foreknowledge of fault locations and geometries.

O'Toole, Thomas B.; Valentine, Andrew P.; Woodhouse, John H.

2013-01-01

400

Moral Combat in An Enemy of the People: Public Health versus Private Interests  

PubMed Central

Dr Thomas Stockmann, the protagonist of Ibsen's play, An Enemy of the People, discovers a serious health threat in the Baths of his Norwegian town. The Baths have been marketed as a health resort to lure visitors. Dr Stockmann alerts officials about the problem and assumes that they will close the Baths until it is corrected. He is met with fierce resistance, however. His brother, the town's mayor, favors keeping the Baths open and correcting the problem gradually. He advances multiple arguments that appeal to the economic interests of the town and Thomas's role-related obligation as a citizen. His wife, Katherine, wants him to cooperate with the mayor. She marshals several arguments that appeal to his obligations as a father. This paper reconstructs and examines the competing arguments, shows how Ibsen's play has both contemporary relevance and moral depth, and demonstrates how Dr Stockmann's responses can be interpreted as an argument that complying with his duties to protect the public health do not force him to renege on his core commitments as a parent and as a citizen.

McConnell, Terrance

2010-01-01

401

Terrestrial planet formation in binary star systems with a giant planet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Planet formation in binary stars is a highly topical area of the present-day astrophysics, since about 60% of stars born as a member of a binary system (Duquennoy & Mayor 1991). According to Raghavan et al. (2010), both single and multiple stars are equally likely harboring planets. The reason of this is that the majority of binaries have large separations, therefore the planet formation might only slightly be influenced by the companion's gravitational perturbation. This is not true in the case of the few giant planets formed in binary systems with mid separations (~ 20 AU), whose best known representative is Gamma Cephei (Campbell et al. 1988, Hatzes et al. 2003). In our research we investigate the late stage of terrestrial planet formation around the more massive star in binary systems. We consider a swarm of isolated planetary embryos, and study their final assembly via N-body simulations with and without the presence of an already formed Jupiter-like giant planet. Our results suggest that the gravitational effects of a giant planet may help planet formation. References Campbell, B., Walker, G.A.H., Yang, S. 1988, ApJ, 331, 902 Duquennoy, A. & Mayor, M. 1991, A&A, 248, 485 Hatzes, A. P., Cochran, W. D., Endl, M., et al. 2003, ApJ, 599, 1383 Raghavan, D., McAlister, H. A., Henry, T. J., et al. 2010, ApJS, 190, 1

Sándor, Zsolt; Pilat-Lohinger, Elke

2013-07-01

402

Chilean Teachers Begin Exchange Program Visit in Magdalena  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two teachers from the town of San Pedro de Atacama, in the northern desert of the South American nation of Chile, arrive in Magdalena, New Mexico, Sunday, January 28, for a two-week visit that is part of a Sister Cities program sponsored by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), the nonprofit research corporation that operates the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). They will be accompanied by their town's mayor. Myriam Nancy Rivera Mercado, Head of the high school in San Pedro, Gabriela Fernanda Rodriguez Moraleda, a tourism teacher there, and San Pedro Mayor Sandra Berna Martinez will begin a visit that includes classroom observations in the Magdalena schools, a reception hosted by the Magdalena Village Council, and a Mayor's Breakfast with Magdalena Mayor Jim Wolfe. They also will meet local residents, tour the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge with a second-grade class, visit an area ranch, tour the Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope, and see Socorro's Community Arts Party. "These teachers will learn much about New Mexico, the United States, and our educational system, and will take this new knowledge back to their students and their community," said NRAO Education Officer Robyn Harrison. The visit is part of a Sister Cities program initiated and funded by AUI, which operates the NRAO for the U.S. National Science Foundation. Radio astronomy is a common link between San Pedro de Atacama and Magdalena. San Pedro is near the site of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international telescope project now under construction with funding by major partners in North America, Europe, and Japan. Magdalena is near the site of NRAO's VLA radio telescope. In Magdalena, the Village Council and Mayor Wolfe formalized their participation in the Sister Cities program last September, and San Pedro ratified the program in December. In San Pedro, the ceremony ratifying the agreement was attended by U.S. Ambassador to Chile Craig K. Kelly. The Chilean teachers are visiting Magdalena while they are on their Southern Hemisphere summer vacation, and Magdalena's schools are in session. Two Magdalena teachers, Joleen Welborn and Sandra Montoya, will visit San Pedro in June, while they are on summer vacation and the Chilean schools will be in session. Dr. Eduardo Hardy, the AUI/NRAO representative in Chile, will accompany the Chilean teachers on their visit, which has been coordinated by Harrison. "ALMA is a groundbreaking example of the type of international cooperation that marks the future of astronomy. We are especially pleased to sponsor a program that brings together two communities that both enjoy proximity to world-class astronomical research facilities," said Dr. Fred K.Y. Lo, NRAO Director. "While separated by many miles, San Pedro de Atacama and Magdalena have much in common. Both are small communities in high desert environments, and both are next to telescopes where the world's astronomers will be making many exciting discoveries in the coming decades. Bringing these two communities together will advance education and international understanding," Harrison said. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation, operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

2007-01-01

403

Clinical and biological impact of TET2 mutations and expression in younger adult AML patients treated within the EORTC/GIMEMA AML-12 clinical trial.  

PubMed

We assessed the prognostic impact of TET2 mutations and mRNA expression in a prospective cohort of 357 adult AML patients?Adulto (GIMEMA) AML-12 06991 clinical trial. In addition the co-occurrence with other genetic defects and the functional consequences of TET2 mutations were investigated. TET2 mutations occurred in 7.6 % of the patients and were an independent marker of poor prognosis (p?=?0.024). TET2 and IDH1/2 mutations strongly associated with aberrations in the DNA methyltransferase DNMT3A. Functional studies confirmed previous work that neither nonsense truncations, nor missense TET2 mutations, induced 5-hydroxymethylcytosine formation. In addition, we now show that mutant TET2 forms did not act in a dominant negative manner when co-expressed with the wild-type protein. Finally, as loss-of-function TET2 mutations predicted poor outcome, we questioned whether low TET2 mRNA expression in cases of AML without TET2 mutations would affect overall survival. Notably, also AML patients with low TET2 mRNA expression levels showed inferior overall survival. PMID:24994606

Aslanyan, Mariam G; Kroeze, Leonie I; Langemeijer, Saskia M C; Koorenhof-Scheele, Theresia N; Massop, Marion; van Hoogen, Patricia; Stevens-Linders, Ellen; van de Locht, Louis T; Tönnissen, Evelyn; van der Heijden, Adrian; da Silva-Coelho, Pedro; Cilloni, Daniela; Saglio, Giuseppe; Marie, Jean-Pierre; Tang, Ruoping; Labar, Boris; Amadori, Sergio; Muus, Petra; Willemze, Roel; Marijt, Erik W A; de Witte, Theo; van der Reijden, Bert A; Suciu, Stefan; Jansen, Joop H

2014-08-01

404

Immunohistochemistry predicts nucleophosmin (NPM) mutations in acute myeloid leukemia.  

PubMed

Nucleophosmin (NPM) exon-12 mutations occur in 50% to 60% of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with normal karyotype and are predictors of favorable prognosis. We evaluated bone marrow or peripheral blood samples from 450 adult patients with AML of the GIMEMA (Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto)/AML12 EORTC (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer) trial to (1) search for new exon-12 NPM mutations; (2) determine whether NPM immunostaining on paraffin-embedded biopsies predicts NPM mutations; and (3) investigate altered nucleocytoplasmic NPM traffic in primary AML cells. Fourteen NPM mutations, including 8 new variants, were identified. All 200 AML cases expressing cytoplasmic NPM (NPMc(+) AML) carried NPM mutations. None of the 250 cases with nucleus-restricted NPM (NPMc(-) AML) was mutated. At the C-terminus, NPM leukemic mutants carried mutations of only tryptophan 290 or of both tryptophans 288 and 290 and a new nuclear export signal (NES) motif, which appear to underlie their nuclear export. The specific Crm1/exportin-1 inhibitor leptomycin-B relocated NPM mutants from cytoplasm to nucleus of primary NPMc(+) AML cells, demonstrating that nuclear export is NES dependent. NPM mutants bound and recruited wild-type NPM into leukemic cell cytoplasm. Because alterations at C-terminus of leukemic NPM mutants are similar, immunohistochemistry detects all exon-12 NPM mutations and is a valuable, inexpensive tool in the diagnostic-prognostic work-up of patients with AML with normal karyotype. PMID:16720834

Falini, Brunangelo; Martelli, Maria Paola; Bolli, Niccolò; Bonasso, Rossella; Ghia, Emanuela; Pallotta, Maria Teresa; Diverio, Daniela; Nicoletti, Ildo; Pacini, Roberta; Tabarrini, Alessia; Galletti, Barbara Verducci; Mannucci, Roberta; Roti, Giovanni; Rosati, Roberto; Specchia, Giorgina; Liso, Arcangelo; Tiacci, Enrico; Alcalay, Myriam; Luzi, Lucilla; Volorio, Sara; Bernard, Loris; Guarini, Anna; Amadori, Sergio; Mandelli, Franco; Pane, Fabrizio; Lo-Coco, Francesco; Saglio, Giuseppe; Pelicci, Pier-Giuseppe; Martelli, Massimo F; Mecucci, Cristina

2006-09-15

405

GIMEMA AIDA 0493 amended protocol for elderly patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia. Long-term results and prognostic factors.  

PubMed

To reduce toxicity in elderly patients with acute promyelocytic leukaemia, in 1997 the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Dell'Adulto (GIMEMA) started an amended protocol for patients aged >60years, with the same induction [all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)+idarubicin] as in younger patients, followed by a single consolidation course (idarubicin+ cytarabine) and maintenance with intermittent ATRA. Among 60 enrolled patients, 54 (90%) achieved haematological remission and six died during induction. Four additional patients died in complete remission (CR) from haemorrhage (2) and infection (2) prior or during consolidation therapy. Eleven patients relapsed at a median time of 17·5months from CR. The 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) rates were 76·1%, 64·6% and 27·4%, respectively. Univariate analysis identified a performance score (PS)=2 as the only significant adverse prognostic factor for both OS (P=0·017) and DFS (P=0·0003). Male sex had an unfavourable impact on DFS (P=0·021) and on CIR (P=0·019), but not on OS (P=0·234). In multivariate analysis for DFS, only PS=2 retained prognostic significance (HR=4·5, P=0·0083). In conclusion, the amended GIMEMA protocol is effective, with similar relapse rate and inferior toxicity compared to the original AIDA 0493. However, considering the recent availability of effective new agents, a less aggressive approach should be tested in this setting. PMID:21751984

Latagliata, Roberto; Breccia, Massimo; Fazi, Paola; Vignetti, Marco; Di Raimondo, Francesco; Sborgia, Marco; Vincelli, Donatella; Candoni, Anna; Salvi, Flavia; Rupoli, Serena; Martinelli, Giovanni; Kropp, Maria Grazia; Tonso, Anna; Venditti, Adriano; Melillo, Lorella; Cimino, Giuseppe; Petti, Maria Concetta; Avvisati, Giuseppe; Lo-Coco, Francesco; Mandelli, Franco

2011-09-01

406

The CYTO-PV: A Large-Scale Trial Testing the Intensity of CYTOreductive Therapy to Prevent Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Polycythemia Vera  

PubMed Central

Polycythemia vera (PV) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder whose major morbidity and mortality are thrombohaemorragic events. Current guidelines advise maintaining hematocrit (HCT) level below 45% in males and 42% in females. Such targets lean on pathophysiological reasoning, while evidence from ECLAP and PVSG-01, the two largest prospective studies in this disease, suggests no difference in the rate of thrombosis in patients maintained at different HCT values below 50%–52%. Cytoreductive therapy in PV (CYTO-PV) is a multicenter, randomized, and controlled trial assess the benefit/risk profile of cytoreductive therapy with phlebotomy or HU aimed at maintaining HCT < 45% versus maintaining HCT in the range 45%–50%. CYTO-PV is being conducted in the framework of the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche nell'Adulto (GIMEMA) and is funded by the Italian Drug Agency (AIFA). It is an independent trial with broad recruitment criteria to mimic clinical practice. We describe here the study and its advancement status. Conclusions. Clinical research in rare disease can be carried out with limited funds, provided a research hypothesis is felt as clinically relevant by a scientific community willing to share knowledge on the outcome of clinical practice, thus producing scientific results useful to improve treatment and prognosis of patients.

Marchioli, Roberto; Finazzi, Guido; Specchia, Giorgina; Masciulli, Arianna; Mennitto, Maria Rosaria; Barbui, Tiziano

2011-01-01

407

The CYTO-PV: A Large-Scale Trial Testing the Intensity of CYTOreductive Therapy to Prevent Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Polycythemia Vera.  

PubMed

Polycythemia vera (PV) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder whose major morbidity and mortality are thrombohaemorragic events. Current guidelines advise maintaining hematocrit (HCT) level below 45% in males and 42% in females. Such targets lean on pathophysiological reasoning, while evidence from ECLAP and PVSG-01, the two largest prospective studies in this disease, suggests no difference in the rate of thrombosis in patients maintained at different HCT values below 50%-52%. Cytoreductive therapy in PV (CYTO-PV) is a multicenter, randomized, and controlled trial assess the benefit/risk profile of cytoreductive therapy with phlebotomy or HU aimed at maintaining HCT < 45% versus maintaining HCT in the range 45%-50%. CYTO-PV is being conducted in the framework of the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche nell'Adulto (GIMEMA) and is funded by the Italian Drug Agency (AIFA). It is an independent trial with broad recruitment criteria to mimic clinical practice. We describe here the study and its advancement status. Conclusions. Clinical research in rare disease can be carried out with limited funds, provided a research hypothesis is felt as clinically relevant by a scientific community willing to share knowledge on the outcome of clinical practice, thus producing scientific results useful to improve treatment and prognosis of patients. PMID:22084668

Marchioli, Roberto; Finazzi, Guido; Specchia, Giorgina; Masciulli, Arianna; Mennitto, Maria Rosaria; Barbui, Tiziano

2011-01-01

408

Rapid Assessment and Mitigation of Cascadia Earthquakes Using the Combined PANGA and PBO Real-time GPS Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearly 400 GPS receivers of the combined PANGA and PBO networks currently operate along the Cascadia subduction zone, all of which are high-rate and either currently or soon to be telemetered in real-time. These receivers span the M9 megathrust, M7 crustal faults beneath population centers, several active Cascades volcanoes, and a host of other hazard sources. Together these receivers enable a host of new approaches towards hazards mitigation. Data from the majority of the stations are received in real time at CWU and processed into one-second position estimates using: 1) relative positioning within several reference frames 2) absolute point positioning using streamed satellite orbit and clock corrections. While the former produces lower-noise time series, for earthquakes greater than ~M7 and ground displacements exceeding ~20 cm, point positioning provides rapid and robust estimates of the location and amplitude of both dynamic strong ground motion and permanent deformation. Estimated position streams are fed into routines that derive products relevant to rapid hazards response and mitigation: sidereal position differences and triggering detectors; “ShakeMap” and “ShiftMap” of maximum dynamic and permanent ground displacement, respectively; source magnitude and distribution of fault slip on known faults (entire megathrust; Seattle, Whidbey Island, Bainbridge, and Portland West Hills); earthquake magnitude derived from an empirical relationship between the shaking and deformation amplitude and affected regional area size; and formal surface-wave inversion estimation. For the megathrust slip estimation, we also predict sea-floor uplift along the near-coastal Cascadia region. Finally, a set of Java routines have been developed to allow any individual or agency to stream any or all of these data products onto local computers for customized analyses and triggers. The 2010 Chile and Sierra El Mayor earthquakes provided an opportunity to retroactively test some of these routines. We compare amplitudes of dynamic horizontal displacements exceeding 30 cm between accelerometer and GPS-derived time series for the Sierra El Mayor mainshock. We selected 4 collocated seismic and GPS stations along a line centered at the epicenter of the Sierra El Mayor mainshock and found a high level of agreement between the amplitude, phase polarity and arrival times of surface waves as recorded by GPS and traditional strong ground sensors. Transient deformation is picked using an ordered wavelet transform, and seismic moments correct to Mw=+- 0.2 are inferred within ~1 minute of the first arriving anomalous deformation.

Rabak, I.; Melbourne, T. I.; Santillan, M.; Scrivner, C. W.; Kinkaid, K.; Stahl, R.

2010-12-01

409

Role of bacteria isolates in the spoilage of fermented African oil bean seed ugba.  

PubMed

Study was carried out to determine the spoilage association of traditionally fermented ugba, product of African oil bean seed. Samples were collected from three markets within Enugu metropolis in Eastern Nigeria. Microbial population of ugba was isolated, characterized and identified. Effect of time on product quality, total viable cell count and individual growth pattern of isolates was evaluated. Microorganisms isolated were Proteus sp., Klebsiella sp., Staphylococcus epidermidis, E. coli, Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus subtilis. Initial viable cell count increased from 4.6 x 10(8) -6.2 x 10(8), 6.0 x 10(9) -6.9 x 10(9) and 3.9 x 10(8) -5 x 10(8) cfu g(-1) by the 4th day for samples from Mayor, Kenyatta and Garki markets, respectively. Organoleptic changes in texture and colour were seen to be a factor of time of storage. A decline in growth of Proteus sp., E. coli, Klebsiella sp. and S. epidermidis by the 4th day of storage was observed for all samples. Viable cells of B. licheniformis increased from 6.1 x 10(7) -17.7 x 10(7) cfu g(-1), 13.9 x 10(8) -20.0 x 10(8) and 8.7 x 10(7) -15.5 x 10(7) by the 4th day of storage for samples from Mayor, Kenyatta and Garki markets respectively. Growth of B. subtilis increased from 9.2 x 10(7) -19.9 x 10(7), 14.9 x 10(8) -21.2 x 10(8) and 11.5 x 10(7) -17.2 x 10(7) cfu g(-1) for samples from Mayor, Kenyatta and Garki markets respectively. Our results indicate that ugba spoilage is primarily a result of the continued activity of African oil bean seed fermentative organisms B. subtilis and B. licheniformis. PMID:21848074

Nwamaka, Nwagu Tochukwu; Chike, Amadi; Obiajulu, Alaekwe

2010-05-15

410

The "Second City" May See a Return to Legalized Gambling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the 1990s, many states saw riverboat gambling as a way to create new revenue streams to support public schools and other programs. Few large American cities have been able to place land-based casinos in their cities proper, but under the direction of Mayor Richard M. Daley, Chicago seems poised to do just that. Understandably, numerous groups and city officials, including several aldermen, have already voiced their reservations about the plan. Mayor Daley responded this past Wednesday by stating that, "Those who don't want it, don't have to take the money. Morally, if they object to it, they can stand up and say, 'We don't want this money. I don't want the school. I don't want the park.' And they won't get it, then." With the state of Illinois facing a $5 billion dollar budget shortfall, Illinois governor Rod Blagojevich noted that Chicago might be a "very compelling place" for a casino. Others remain skeptical, including Anita Bedell, the executive director of Illinois Church Action on Alcohol and Addiction Problems, who commented that, "The casino owners, the racetrack owners -- these are the ones who will be the winner, and the losers will be the taxpayers of Illinois."The first link leads to a recent news article from the Chicago Sun-Times dealing with the efforts of Mayor Daley to corral support for a government-owned, land-based casino in Chicago. The second link will take visitors to a Chicago Tribune article that talks about the recent approval of a plan to expand gambling around the state by the Illinois House of Representatives gambling committee. The third link leads to a staff editorial from the Sun-Times on the question of whether or not a casino should be located in Chicago. The fourth link leads to the homepage of the Illinois State Gaming Board, which contains information about legalized gambling in the state and its recent history. The fifth link is a weekly research bulletin on pathological gambling published by the Division on Addictions at Harvard Medical School. The sixth link is to the National Center for Responsible Gaming, which performs various studies on pathological gambling, and contains information about their upcoming events, programs, and workshops. The final link is to a 2000 policy brief written by Professor Earl Grinols of the University of Illinois that contends that casino gambling causes significant increases in crimes. [KMG

Grinnell, Max

411

Coupling of Pore Pressure and Ground Motion: Further Studies using Data Recorded at the NEES@UCSB Wildlife Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pore pressure built up during an earthquake and the hazard associated with soil liquefaction present a major challenge for our society, as has been dramatically illustrated by recent large events (e.g. the 2011 Tohoku-oki, Japan, earthquake). There is consensus among scientists that a better assessment of the liquefaction risk requires a better understanding of the coupling between pore pressure and ground motion time histories. There is a basic need to investigate coupling as a function of the frequency content of the ground motion. The 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah event has provided a remarkable opportunity to investigate and model the coupling. The event was well recorded at the NEES@UCSB Wildlife station located 110 km from the hypocenter. The station is equipped with three-component strong-motion accelerometers at the surface and in boreholes at various depths and with pore pressure transducers located in a saturated, liquefiable layer. The recorded pore pressure and ground motion time histories both have frequency content that is a function of time. We have applied a wavelet decomposition technique to the El Mayor ground motion and pore pressure data, looking for a linear relationship between the signals. The analysis shows that the early P-wave accelerations (vertical component) initiate pore pressure response. However, the pore pressure records contain a low-frequency component that dominates the signal with no corresponding low-frequency component in the ground motion signals recorded near-by. Although uncommon, a similar behavior has been also reported in the literature for pore pressure signals recoded during the 1980 Mammoth Lakes, California, earthquake. We have extended this work to the analysis of 4 other seismic events that have induced an increase in pore pressure at WLA. As the response of pore pressure is potentially a local phenomenon, we have restricted our analysis to recordings from the same site. These events include the M5.8 Ocotillo earthquake that was the largest aftershock of El Mayor.

Seale, S. H.; Lavallee, D.; Archuleta, R. J.; Steidl, J. H.

2012-12-01

412

Effects of Implementing Coulomb Stress Changes into Southern California Earthquake Forecasts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous studies, such as those by Deng & Sykes (1997) and Stein (1997), retrospectively show that a majority of earthquakes tend to occur in areas of positive Coulomb stress change (?CFF). We confirm these results for recent seismicity in southern California, but also observe widespread areas with positive ?CFF where few earthquakes occur. In order to evaluate our hypothesis that ?CFF influences future earthquake locations, it is necessary to examine how seismically quiescent areas affect its reliability through pseudoprospective testing. Assuming uniform slip distribution and zero ?CFF just before the 1812 Wrightwood earthquake, we calculate ?CFF from seismic sources (Mw ? 5.8) and tectonic loading at just after the 1999 Hector Mine and the 2010 El Mayor earthquakes. We use the average ?CFF in 0.1x0.1° cells to calculate an arctangent index function, where earthquake rates increase monotonically with ?CFF, using maximum likelihood to obtain the optimal function width and median. Our target earthquake catalog includes 7379 Mw?2.8 events (Felzer, 2012) from after the Hector Mine earthquake to the present, which we divide into two time intervals: between the Hector Mine and El Mayor earthquakes, and after the El Mayor earthquake. We use uniform seismicity and smoothed seismicity (Hiemer, 2012) earthquake rates as null hypotheses to test against ?CFF earthquake rates during both time intervals. Our results indicate that, although it may potentially contribute to improved earthquake forecasts within a hybrid model, ?CFF alone is insufficient against other factors, such as fault and previous seismicity locations. Likelihood ratio tests show that ?CFF alone consistently outperforms uniform but not smoothed seismicity, and that a hybrid of ?CFF and smoothed seismicity is subject to bias from earthquake clustering. Because earthquake rates calculated from smoothed seismicity decay over a shorter distance than earthquake rates calculated from ?CFF, earthquake declustering methods play an important role in the forecasts' relative effectiveness. Additionally, introducing temporal dependence through combining ETAS (Zhuang, 2002) or rate- and state-friction (Dieterich, 1996 and Hainzl, 2010) with spatial earthquake density helps to account for aftershock effects and reduce variability in the forecasts' reliability.

Strader, A. E.; Jackson, D. D.

2012-12-01

413

[Hydrogeology and medicine in the approach to health problems linked to nitrates: examples in Lorraine].  

PubMed

An investigation carried out by French Ministration of Agriculture (S.R.A.E.L.) has worked out an inventory and defined the nitrate amount evolution in waters, specially originated with underground formations, stared out by collectivities. The investigation spreading has brought about some ascertainment in Lorraine country. Particularly, the "Laboratoire d'hygiène et de recherche en santé publique" has so identified in a commune near Nancy, where nitrate amounts in water are particularly high, gastrointestinal troubles probably caused by minor methemoglobinemias which water supply origin have not been locally suspected. This note so shows that medical and paramedical corps cooperation with administrative authorities charged with water resource can attempt some interventions: better diagnosis, population and mayors information, search of technical and administrative settlements according to local environment. PMID:7258925

Melet, J J; Morlot, M; Passavy, J; Salado, J

1980-01-01

414

The Chicago perspective on design for the disabled.  

PubMed

This article describes the efforts made by the city of Chicago to promote total access and full participation for people with disabilities. The process that the Chicago Mayor's Office for People with Disabilities (MOPD) undertook to ensure that other city departments and sister agencies incorporated accessible programs and physical accessibility considerations into their own buildings, programs, and processes is described. Some of the major accomplishments made by the department include the addition of an accessibility review added to the building permit process and a rewrite of the Chicago Building Code that requires more accessibility features in single-family homes and smaller apartment buildings. Examples are given of how thinking beyond the minimum accessibility requirements can better meet the needs of people with a disability. PMID:18430670

Hanson, David

2008-01-01

415

2010 Census  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Policy analysts, mayors, government officials, and many others are anxiously awaiting the results of the 2010 Census. It's not taking place for a few years, but the U.S. Census Bureau has already created this website to provide information to a wide range of interested parties and stakeholders. On the homepage, visitors can learn about the nuts and bolts of the Census, read about the "Census in Schools" educational initiative, and also access information from previous censuses. The other material on the site is divided into four sections, including "Jobs", "Timeline of Activities", and "FAQs". One can also use the embedded "Population Finder" to learn about basic census data for just about every place in the country. Also, a "Did You Know?" section contains interesting and fun facts about the history of the Census and its operations.

416

Optimization of legacy lidar data sets for measuring near-field earthquake displacements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

lidar (light detection and ranging) topography, acquired before and after an earthquake, can provide an estimate of the coseismic surface displacement field by differencing the preevent and postevent lidar point clouds. However, estimated displacements can be contaminated by the presence of large systematic errors in either of the point clouds. We present three-dimensional displacements obtained by differencing airborne lidar point clouds collected before and after the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake, a Mw 7.2 earthquake that occurred in 2010. The original surface displacement estimates contained large, periodic artifacts caused by systematic errors in the preevent lidar data. Reprocessing the preevent data, detailed herein, removed a majority of these systematic errors that were largely due to misalignment between the scanning mirror and the outgoing laser beam. The methodology presented can be applied to other legacy airborne laser scanning data sets in order to improve change estimates from temporally spaced lidar acquisitions.

Glennie, Craig L.; Hinojosa-Corona, Alejandro; Nissen, Edwin; Kusari, Arpan; Oskin, Michael E.; Arrowsmith, J. Ramon; Borsa, Adrian

2014-05-01

417

Oury Family Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oury Family was an Arizona pioneer family, prominent in territorial political and military affairs. Their number included William S. Oury, who served as the first mayor of Tucson in 1864. He later purchased the "Arizonian" newspaper in Tubac and moved it to Tucson. Other family members contributed to the spirit and culture of the Arizona territory during the late 19th century as well. This site provides interested parties with access to their family papers, which are part of the University of Arizona Libraries Special Collections. First-time visitors should check out the Finding Aid area, as it will help them get acclimated to the breadth of the materials. The documents include family correspondence, diaries, photographs, deeds, articles, and speeches related to the Ourys' involvement in Arizona territorial military experience. It's quite a collection and one that anyone with an interest in American history will find most edifying.

418

Real-time high-rate co-seismic displacement from ambiguity-fixed precise point positioning: Application to earthquake early warning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Abstract<p label="1">Nowadays more and more high-rate real-time GPS data become available that provide a great opportunity to contribute to earthquake early warning (EEW) system in terms of capturing regional surface displacements, as an independent information source, useful for promptly estimating the magnitude of large destructive earthquake. In our study, we demonstrate the performance of the real-time ambiguity-fixed precise point positioning (PPP) approach using 5 Hz GPS data collected during El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>-Cucapah earthquake (Mw 7.2, 4 April 2010). The PPP-based displacements show to agree with accelerometer-based displacement at centimeter level. The key for successfully obtaining high precision displacements is the efficient ambiguity resolution. PPP with ambiguity fixing can result in correct permanent co-seismic offsets and correct recovery of moment magnitude and fault slip inversion at levels comparable to post-processing.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Li, Xingxing; Ge, Maorong; Zhang, Xiaohong; Zhang, Yong; Guo, Bofeng; Wang, Rongjiang; Klotz, Jürgen; Wickert, Jens</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">419</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6281639"> <span id="translatedtitle">Alerting the apathetic and reassuring the alarmed: communicating about radon risk in three communities. Final report</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Public reaction to the risk from radon varied widely in three communities chosen for qualitative analysis. In Boyertown, PA, some residents were very alarmed, but most were apathetic toward this newly identified environmental risk. In Clinton, NJ, residents were concerned and worked with the <span class="hlt">mayor</span> and the state to determine whether they were at risk and to disseminate information about mitigation of high indoor radon levels. Residents in Vernon, New Jersey were very alarmed and actively opposed the state's decision to site low-level radium wastes there. The qualitative study examines why reactions differed among the three communities, and extracts lessons for communicating about the risk from radon. These lessons should apply to communicating about other environmental hazards to individuals and communities.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chess, C.; Hance, B.J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">420</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007ApJ...670..741L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mergers of Binary Compact Objects</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We work out the effects of hypercritical accretion, which transfers mass from the secondary to the primary (older) neutron star (NS) in a binary, showing that such accretion would cause the mass of the primary to end up >~0.6 Msolar greater than the secondary NS, in contradiction with the very nearly equal masses measured in binary neutron stars to date. We point out that the primary NS will evolve into a low-mass black hole (LMBH) as a consequence of hypercritical accretion. Using a flat distribution in the mass ratio q (?Msecondary/Mprimary), favored by Duquennoy & <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>, we calculate the ratio of LMBH-NS to NS-NS systems to be ~5, in rough agreement with the result of Pinsonneault & Stanek. The latter authors emphasized the importance of ``twins,'' which we discuss. The two neutron stars in twin systems would be close in mass and further increase the number of mergers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lee, Chang-Hwan; Park, Hong-Jo; Brown, Gerald E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a 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href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">421</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996BAAA...40...44S"> <span id="translatedtitle">El diseño final del espectrógrafo de banco (EBASIM) para CASLEO</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Utilizando el código de óptica ACCOS V se ha finalizado el diseño del espectrógrafo de banco para CASLEO. En una comunicación anterior habíamos indicado que utilizaríamos un colimador de 150 mm de diámetro con un radio de curvatura de 1540 mm. Para el espejo cámara, que tiene un diámetro de 200 mm, el radio de curvatura es de 1200 mm, ambos radios con una tolerancia no <span class="hlt">mayor</span> a los 3 mm. En la presente, se informa sobre los detalles finales del cálculo del espectrógrafo que incluye el cómputo para 5 longitudes de onda diferentes y alrededor de 100 rayos. En todos los casos el 75 % de energía está dentro de un diámetro de 13 micrones. El diseño ha sido probado entre 3500 Å hasta 9000 Å con resultados satisfactorios.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Simmons, J.; Levato, H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">422</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2939874"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tactical Voting in Plurality Elections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">How often will elections end in landslides? What is the probability for a head-to-head race? Analyzing ballot results from several large countries rather anomalous and yet unexplained distributions have been observed. We identify tactical voting as the driving ingredient for the anomalies and introduce a model to study its effect on plurality elections, characterized by the relative strength of the feedback from polls and the pairwise interaction between individuals in the society. With this model it becomes possible to explain the polarization of votes between two candidates, understand the small margin of victories frequently observed for different elections, and analyze the polls' impact in American, Canadian, and Brazilian ballots. Moreover, the model reproduces, quantitatively, the distribution of votes obtained in the Brazilian <span class="hlt">mayor</span> elections with two, three, and four candidates.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Araujo, Nuno A. M.; Andrade, Jose S.; Herrmann, Hans J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">423</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10166469"> <span id="translatedtitle">Determination of Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} concentrations of semi- insulating InP:Fe</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Semi-insulating InP is most commonly obtained by doping with the deep acceptor iron to compensate the shallow donors which otherwise render the material n-type conducting. As the Fermi level in semi-insulating InP is closed to the iron acceptor level, both charge states - Fe{sup 2+} as well as Fe{sup 3+} corresponding to the acceptor level occupied unoccupied by an electron - are present. <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> et al.(1) presented a method based on absorption measurements in the nearbandgap region of InP to determine the concentration of both charge states separately. In this paper we compare iron concentrations obtained by this method with the results from intracenter absorption, DLTS, EPR, Hall effect measurements and glow discharge mass spectroscopy. We present a new calibration for the optical absorption cross sections.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zach, F.X.; Bourret, E.D. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Bliss, D. [Rome Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States); Weber, E.R.; Haller, E.E. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">424</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/7047919"> <span id="translatedtitle">Determination of Fe sup 2+ and Fe sup 3+ concentrations of semi- insulating InP:Fe</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Semi-insulating InP is most commonly obtained by doping with the deep acceptor iron to compensate the shallow donors which otherwise render the material n-type conducting. As the Fermi level in semi-insulating InP is closed to the iron acceptor level, both charge states - Fe{sup 2+} as well as Fe{sup 3+} corresponding to the acceptor level occupied unoccupied by an electron - are present. <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> et al.(1) presented a method based on absorption measurements in the nearbandgap region of InP to determine the concentration of both charge states separately. In this paper we compare iron concentrations obtained by this method with the results from intracenter absorption, DLTS, EPR, Hall effect measurements and glow discharge mass spectroscopy. We present a new calibration for the optical absorption cross sections.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zach, F.X.; Bourret, E.D. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Bliss, D. (Rome Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States)); Weber, E.R.; Haller, E.E. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">425</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11366596"> <span id="translatedtitle">Corruption case.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A Federal jury in Puerto Rico found three defendants guilty of participating in the theft of $2.2 million in Federal funds from the San Juan AIDS Institute. The key figure in the case is [name removed], a consultant to the institute. He was convicted of 12 counts of money laundering and faces up to 25 years in prison. Two other administrative officials were also convicted in the case. Four others have pleaded guilty, and three more await trial. Rep. Jose Granados Navado was among those implicated; he received $100,000 for his campaign for <span class="hlt">mayor</span> of San Juan in 1988 from the institute=s medical director. U.S. Rep. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.) has called for an audit of all Ryan White CARE Act funds since this scandal was uncovered. PMID:11366596</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-07-23</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">426</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://mixinginmath.terc.edu/materials_sp/gameboards_sp_pdfs/Encierrelo.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Enciérrelo</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Jugando a este juego de estrategia, los chicos desarrollan su entendimiento de área y perímetro. En su turno, cada jugador hace una línea entre dos punto contiguos en la cuadrícula. Cuando encierre una figura, márquela como propia. Puede hace cualquier figura, con la condición de que sea cerrada. Continúen tomando turnos hasta que no haya más lugar. El jugador con el <span class="hlt">mayor</span> área gana. Incluye variaciones más fáciles y más difíciles. Disponible para descargar en formato pdf y en Inglés.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Terc</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">427</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AGUFM.T53B2130B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Coseismic Offsets on PBO Borehole Strainmeters: Real, or Spurious?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have observed coseismic strain offsets during many significant earthquakes, at all locations in the 74-instrument PBO borehole strainmeter (BSM) network. The M7.2 El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010 induced the largest offsets thus far, on BSMs located within the San Jacinto fault zone - the "Anza cluster". Here we present analyses of trends in the observed offsets for the Anza cluster, as well as inspection of their inferred borehole lithology. We find that offsets rarely agree with elastic dislocation theory in magnitude and sign, and speculate that they are controlled more by localized geologic constraints than by triggered fault slip, as has been suggested in previous studies (e.g. Linde and Johnson, 1989).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Barbour, A. J.; Agnew, D. C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">428</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22039377"> <span id="translatedtitle">THE FREQUENCY OF HOT JUPITERS ORBITING NEARBY SOLAR-TYPE STARS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We determine the fraction of F, G, and K dwarfs in the solar neighborhood hosting hot Jupiters as measured by the California Planet Survey from the Lick and Keck planet searches. We find the rate to be 1.2% {+-} 0.38%, which is consistent with the rate reported by <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> et al. from the HARPS and CORALIE radial velocity (RV) surveys. These numbers are more than double the rate reported by Howard et al. for Kepler stars and the rate of Gould et al. from the OGLE-III transit search; however, due to small number statistics these differences are of only marginal statistical significance. We explore some of the difficulties in estimating this rate from the existing RV data sets and comparing RV rates to rates from other techniques.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wright, J. T. [Department of Astronomy, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Marcy, G. W.; Howard, A. W. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720-3411 (United States); Johnson, John Asher; Morton, T. D. [Department of Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, MS 249-17, Pasadena, CA, 91125 (United States); Fischer, D. A., E-mail: jtwright@astro.psu.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, 260 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-07-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">429</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996BAAA...40...24L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Abundancias químicas de las estrellas CP del grupo HgMn ? Leporis y 53 Tauri. II. Boro, Berilio, Carbono, Magnesio, Aluminio y Silicio</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Se determinan las abundancias químicas de los elementos más livianos presentes en dos estrellas CP del grupo HgMn, ? Lep y 53 Tau, utilizando espectros IUE de alta resolución y técnicas de cálculo de espectros sintéticos. Para el cálculo de las líneas se utiliza la lista mas completa de datos atómicos disponible y el programa SYNTHE. Para el cálculo de la abundancia de un elemento se comparan, para cada imagen, los perfiles observados del <span class="hlt">mayor</span> número de líneas presentes con los perfiles calculados obtenidos por variación de las abundancias iniciales, reteniendo la abundancia para la cual el acuerdo entre las líneas observadas y calculadas es considerado visualmente el mejor. Los resultados obtenidos son comparados con los estimados por la teoría de la difusión.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">López García, Z.; Malaroda, S. M.; Faraggiana, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">430</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ccdl.libraries.claremont.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/lsc"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dr. Walter Lindley Scrapbooks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Living in Los Angeles during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, Dr. Walter Lindley was privy to many interesting changes throughout the region. Dr. Lindley created 33 scrapbooks from 1861 to 1922 and they document everything from his candidacy for <span class="hlt">mayor</span> of Los Angeles to his work in founding a tuberculosis sanitarium in Idyllwild. The scrapbooks include newspaper clippings, pamphlets, and booklets related to his many interests. Created by the Honnold/Mudd Library for The Claremont Colleges, this digital collection allows users to peer into selections from these fascinating scrapbooks. Currently, visitors can look at three of the scrapbook series, and the others will be digitized over time. Visitors can use the search feature here, which can be used to look around by subject, or they may just wish to type in various terms.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">431</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JSEdT..23..370X"> <span id="translatedtitle">Integration of Innovative Technologies for Enhancing Students' Motivation for Science Learning and Career</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper analyzes the outcomes of an innovative technology experience for students and teachers (ITEST) project, <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>'s Youth Technology Corps (MYTCs) in Detroit, MI, which was funded by the NSF ITEST program. The MYTC project offered an integration of two technologies, geographic information system (GIS) and information assurance (IA), to stimulate students' interests in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) career pathways and learning opportunities among high schools in underserved communities of the City of Detroit. Pre- and post-surveys demonstrated that the MYTC students showed growth in nearly every area covered in the surveys, including dispositions about STEM career and learning. A STEM career goal measure showed that overall interest in having a career in STEM increased 9 % throughout the program, with an additional 10 % for those who participated in an internship experience, the capstone of the MYTC project.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Xie, Yichun; Reider, David</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">432</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12228-010-9151-3"> <span id="translatedtitle">Agave turneri (Agavaceae), a new species from northeastern Baja California, Mexico</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Agave turneri, a new species of Agave from the Sierras Cucap?? and El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> in northeastern Baja California, Mexico, is a medium-sized species that does not produce offsets, has a relatively short and narrow panicle, and has a distinctive flower structure. The closest relatives to this new species are Agave moranii, which occurs approximately 200 km to the south of the type locality, and A. deserti var. simplex, which occurs in Arizona and California. This new species is a narrow endemic restricted to specific granodiorite and tonalite habitats in a hyperarid environment. Agave turneri appears to be a critically endangered owing to its habitat preference for specific types of granite in the Sierra Cucap??, threats due to prolonged drought and global change, and its close proximity to the Mexicali metropolitan area. ?? 2010 The New York Botanical Garden.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Webb, R. H.; Salazar-Cesena, J. M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">433</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/content/pj0548r2hn4m564u/abstract/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Agave turneri (Agavaceae), a new species from northeastern Baja California, Mexico</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Agave turneri, a new species of Agave from the Sierras Cucapá and El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> in northeastern Baja California, Mexico, is a medium-sized species that does not produce offsets, has a relatively short and narrow panicle, and has a distinctive flower structure. The closest relatives to this new species are Agave moranii, which occurs approximately 200 km to the south of the type locality, and A. deserti var. simplex, which occurs in Arizona and California. This new species is a narrow endemic restricted to specific granodiorite and tonalite habitats in a hyperarid environment. Agave turneri appears to be a critically endangered owing to its habitat preference for specific types of granite in the Sierra Cucapá, threats due to prolonged drought and global change, and its close proximity to the Mexicali metropolitan area.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Webb, Robert H.; Salazar-Cese?a, J. Mario</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">434</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011APS..NES.C1011C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Why 400 Years to Discover Countless Planets?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In 1584, Dominican monk Giordano Bruno envisioned the stars as "countless suns with countless earths, all rotating around their suns." Searching for intellectual freedom, he fled his native Italy to Protestant Switzerland and Germany, but in 1600 the Roman Inquisition condemned him for heresy. He was burned at the stake. Fast-forwarding to 1995, the Swiss astronomers Michel <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> and Didier Queloz announced the discovery of a planet orbiting a star similar to our sun (51 Pegasi). In 2010, 500 planets had been found orbiting 421 stars. On Feb 2, 2011, NASA announced 1200 planet candidates. It took 400 years for telescope technology to advance and for Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Bradley, and Foucault to make major contributions, culminating in today's astrophysics with digital imaging and processing. Contrasting with Bruno, in 2010 Dominican Francisco Ayala, who had been president of the Sigma Xi and AAAS, won the 1.6M Templeton Prize for affirming life's spiritual dimension.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Carr, Paul H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">435</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3987255"> <span id="translatedtitle">Como Lo Hago Yo: Lipomas Medulares</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Basados en la experiencia de 82 casos; en 5% se observaron anomalías pélvicas asociadas. En los menores de 3 años el motivo de consulta (85%) fue la tumoración. En los <span class="hlt">mayores</span> de 3 años (42%) tenía problemas neurológicos. Solo el 24% preocupados por la tumoración. El objetivo de la cirugía es desanclar la médula y no remover la totalidad del lipoma. El lipoma de filum es el que es mas simple para operar. Aún cuando la escuela francesa propone operar solamente cuando hay síntomas favorezco cirugía preventiva. Favorezco una segunda cirugía si hay signos de anclaje postoperatorio, aún cuando observamos empeoramiento postoperatorio motor en 2.5% de los operados y urológico a largo plazo en 6% de los operados.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Portillo, Santiago</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">436</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015046045863?urlappend=%3Bseq=1"> <span id="translatedtitle">Floods of March 1978, in the Maumee River basin, northeastern Indiana</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Floods in the Maumee River basin in northeastern Indiana in March 1978 resulted in heavy damage in Fort Wayne and surrounding areas. Flood damage in Fort Wayne was estimated by the <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> to be 11 million dollars. Approximately 15 percent of the city was inundated, and 2,400 of its 190,000 residents were forced to leave their homes. The estimate of damage in Adams and Allen Counties by Civil Defense officials was 44 million dollars. The Maumee River at New Haven exceeded the peak stage of record, 21.4 feet, by 2.2 feet. The peak discharge at this stream-gaging station, 22,400 cubic feet per second, was about equal to that of a 75-year flood. Recurrence intervals of peak flows on streams tributary to the Maumee River ranged from 5 to 50 years. Records of peak and daily discharges and some precipitation data are given in this report. (USGS)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hoggatt, Richard Earl</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">437</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004ApOpt..43.2412B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microfluorometric Detection of Catecholamines with Multiphoton-Excited Fluorescence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We demonstrate sensitive spatially resolved detection of physiological chromophores that emit in the ultraviolet (less than 330 nm). An atypical laser source (a visible wavelength femtosecond optical parametric oscillator), and an unconventional collection geometry (a lensless detector that detects the forward-emitted fluorescence) enable this detection. We report the excitation spectra of the catecholamines dopamine and norepinephrine, together with near-UV emitters serotonin and tryptophan, in the range of 550-595 nm. We estimate the molecular two-photon action cross section of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin to be 1.2 mGM (1 GM, or Goppert <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>, is equal to 10^-58 m^4 s^-1 photon^-1), 2 mGM, and 43 mGM, respectively, at 560 nm. The sensitivity achieved by this method holds promise for the microscopic imaging of vesicular catecholamines in live cells.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Balaji, J.; Reddy, Chandra S.; Kaushalya, S. K.; Maiti, Sudipta</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">438</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24782155"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Cheyne-Stokes respiration in patients with chronic heart failure: only a diagnostic marker or also a cardiovascular risk factor?].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Sleep disordered breathing with predominant obstructive or central apnea is an under-recognized but highly prevalent comorbidity in patients with chronic heart failure. As the severity of heart failure increases the prevalence of central sleep apnea (CSA) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) is also much more frequent. Cheyne-Stokes respiration is characterized by alternating periods of crescendo and decrescendo respiration followed by central apnea. Present data indicate that CSA-CSR is not only a compensatory response to severe heart failure but also a predictor of worse prognosis. However the results on long-term mortality are not consistent. The prognostic importance of night- and daytime CSR has to be further elucidated. Increased sympathetic nervous activity has been proposed to play a <span class="hlt">mayor</span> role concerning progression and outcome of chronic heart failure by CSA-CSR. PMID:24782155</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koehler, U; Hildebrandt, O; Nell, C; Thiem, K; Sibai, E; Gross, V; Grimm, W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">439</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AIPC.1517..136C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Statistical panorama of female physics graduate students for 2000-2010 in Peru</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We report the results of a statistical study on the number of women entering the undergraduate and master's programs of physics at Universidad Nacional <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> de San Marcos in Peru. From 2006 through 2010, 13 female students entered the master's degree program but no females graduated with the degree. Considering that Peru is a developing country, a career in physics is not considered an attractive professional choice even for male students because it is thought that there are no work centers to practice this profession. We recommend that the causes preventing female physics students from completing their studies and research work be analyzed, and that strategies be planned to help women complete their academic work. We are considering getting help from the Peruvian Physics Society (SOPERFI) in order to draw more attention for our plan.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cerón Loayza, María Luisa; Bravo Cabrejos, Jorge Aurelio</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">440</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011EAS....45..429R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ground based astrometric search for extrasolar planets in stellar multiple systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using relative astrometry and ground based imaging, we study nearby stellar multiple systems in order to detect the astrometric signal of exoplanets around one of the stellar components. We suppress differential chromatic refraction effects by observing in the near infrared with a narrow-band filter and by choosing an iterative calibration strategy (using a stellar cluster) we obtain a precision down to 100 ?as in our relative astrometric measurements. This allows us to study the occurence and properties of exoplanets in nearby (less than 100 pc) stellar multiple systems. While trying to detect the astrometric signal of the exoplanet orbiting HD19994 A (<span class="hlt">Mayor</span> et al. 2004), we detected the astrometric signal of a further object around the B component. This astrometric detection is confirmed by speckle interferometry and follow-up radial velocity (RV) observations. Thus, HD19994 is an exoplanet host-triple system.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Röll, T.; Seifahrt, A.; Neuhäuser, R.; Köhler, R.; Bean, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">441</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17992831"> <span id="translatedtitle">[The hospital law of December 21, 1941: origins, consequences].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The first law about the organization of the French hospitals dates back to 1796 with the French Revolution which asserts the powerful administrative commission, chaired by the <span class="hlt">mayor</span> of each town. In 1941, the new law created the job of director whose task was to apply the decisions of the commission. In the same time, the hospital practice was no longer free and the practitioners were chosen by medical boards of examiners. During the following 60 years, the commission lost its power at the advantage of the director whose authority increased at the expense of the medical autonomy. Therefore the economic necessity lead the government to keep a close eye on the operating budget of the hospitals but the search of the budgetary balance means new strategic developments for the future. PMID:17992831</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vichard, Philippe</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">442</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/chavezravine/index.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Chavez Ravine</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Urban renewal in its various guises swept through many American cities beginning in the early 1950s, and there are many who have not forgotten these experiences. Jordan Mechner, a filmmaker, has brought together the experiences of those who lived through the demolition of the Chavez Ravine community in Los Angeles for the Independent Lens series on PBS. The story of Chavez Ravine is quite complex actually, as it involves both the protests of the existing Mexican-American community that lived on the site, the owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, and the <span class="hlt">mayor</span> of Los Angeles during the period, Norris Poulson. The film explores much of the controversy surrounding this project, and also offers space for the voices of those affected by this decision. The site includes a brief overview of the film, an amazing photo album that features images of the Ravine in 1949, and a question-and-answer section with the filmmaker.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">443</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.renewnyc.org/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lower Manhattan Development Corporation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">While the search for closure and emotional healing continues for many New Yorkers and those who lost family in the tragic events that took place on September 11, 2001, the work of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation moves on in an attempt to coordinate long term planning for the World Trade Center. Established by Governor Pataki and then-<span class="hlt">Mayor</span> Rudy Giuliani, the LMDC is a joint state-city corporation governed by a 16-member board of directors. The site contains information on the Corporation's primary activities, including information about the memorial design competition for the site and the programs and resources for individuals, residents, and businesses in the area coordinated by the Corporation. Most recently, the Corporation has placed the proposed new World Trade Center site design concepts on the site for public examination. The design site concepts feature the work of seven internationally known firms, such as Richard Meier and Foster and Partners.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">444</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4074081"> <span id="translatedtitle">Incentivos para atraer y retener personal de salud de zonas rurales del Per?: un estudio cualitativo</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">El objetivo fue identificar incentivos de atracción y retención en zonas rurales y distantes de Ayacucho, Perú. Fueron realizadas entrevistas en profundidad con 80 médicos, enfermeras, obstetras y técnicos (20 por grupo) de las zonas más pobres y con 11 funcionarios. No existen políticas sistemáticas de atracción y retención de personal de salud en Ayacucho. Los principales incentivos, en orden de importancia, fueron mejoras salariales, oportunidades de formación y capacitación, estabilidad laboral y nombramiento, mejoras en infraestructura y equipos, e incremento del personal. Se mencionaron también mejoras en la vivienda y alimentación, <span class="hlt">mayor</span> cercanía con la familia y reconocimiento por el sistema de salud. Existen coincidencias y singularidades entre los distintos grupos sobre los incentivos clave para estimular el trabajo rural, que deben considerarse al diseñar políticas públicas. Las iniciativas del Estado deben comprender procesos rigurosos de monitoreo y evaluación, para asegurar que las mismas tengan el impacto deseado.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Huicho, Luis; Canseco, Francisco Diez; Lema, Claudia; Miranda, J. Jaime; Lescano, Andres G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">445</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002EGSGA..27.6001P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Zipf's Law Application To Oil Spill Detection In The Ocean</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">One of the results of the CLEAN SEAS European Union project using SAR imaging of European Coastal Waters was the statistical analysis and detection of thousands of oil spills and slicks in the three compared sections, Baltic Sea, North Sea and N.W. Mediterranean. The results of another European Project, OIL WATCH together with the past 30 years of recorded <span class="hlt">mayor</span> tanker accidental oil spills have been used in a predictive scheme that subject to spatial and temporal normalization of these two different scale processes clearly shows that the annual probability of the occurence of an oil spill follows Zipf's law. Local deviations from the law may be also explained in terms of multifractal analysis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Platonov, A.; Redondo, J. M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">446</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=KSC-02PD-1431&hterms=Lyndon+Johnson&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3D%2522Lyndon%2BB%2BJohnson%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle">STS-112 crew with President of Ajara in Georgia (Russia)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- In the Operations and Checkout Building, Aslan Abashidze (left), President of the Autonomous Republic of Ajara in Georgia (Russia), STS-112 Mission Specialist Fyodor N. Yurchikhin, Ph.D., a cosmonaut with the Russian Space Agency; and Georgi Abashidze, <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> of Batumi (Yurchikhin's hometown), pose for a portrait. Yurchikhin and the other members of the STS-112 crew are awaiting launch to the International Space Station aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis. The launch has been postponed to no earlier than Monday, Oct. 7, so that the Mission Control Center, located at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, can be secured and protected from potential storm impacts from Hurricane Lili.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">447</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5594192"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recommendations on the proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage Facility</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Following the Department of Energy's announcement in April 1985 that three Tennessee sites were to be considered for the Monitored Retrievable Storage facility, Governor Lamar Alexander initiated a review of the proposal to be coordinated by his Safe Growth Team. Roane County and the City of Oak Ridge, the local governments sharing jurisdiction over DOE's primary and secondary sites, were invited to participate in the state's review of the MRS proposal. Many issues related to the proposed MRS are being considered by the Governor's Safe Growth Team. The primary objective of the Clinch River MRS Task Force has been to determine whether the proposed Monitored Retrievable Storage facility should be accepted by the local governments, and if so, under what conditions. The Clinch River MRS Task Force is organized into an Executive Committee cochaired by the Roane County Executive and <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> of Oak Ridge and three Study Groups focusing on environmental (including health and safety), socioeconomic, and transportation issues.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Not Available</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://chipublib.bibliocommons.com/item/show/2222911081_chicago_examiner"> <span id="translatedtitle">Chicago Examiner</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">William Randolph Hearst was a titan of the 20th century newspaper world, and he purchased and started papers in dozens of American cities. One of his morning papers was the Chicago Examiner, which began its run in 1902. The Chicago Public Library has an impressive archive of the Examiner from 1908 to 1918. Although the collection is incomplete, it remains the longest run of the paper still available. First-time visitors should take a look at the Highlights area. Here they will find images and newspaper articles that cover the Plan of Chicago, the Chicago Cubs, and the Eastland Disaster. Visitors can also use the Images By Subject area, which features thematic collections about labor issues, Jane Addams, and <span class="hlt">mayoral</span> elections, among other subjects. Urban planners and historians should not miss the Plan of Chicago area, as it features the beautiful renderings by Jules Guerin.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007RMxAC..31...36M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recent results at the Canarian Observatories</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">During the last years a <span class="hlt">mayor</span> effort has been carried out both, in defining key parameters to quantify the quality of a site for astronomical observations, and to design reliable techniques and tools to compare different sites. Here, we will revise some of the parameters relevant for astronomical site evaluation, and we will also brief on the instruments currently available for their measurements. The Observatories at the Canaries, Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (ORM) and Observatorio del Teide (OT) have been used as test bench for the development of new techniques and tools for more than three decades. Results on statistical measurements and techniques, emphasizing the most recent ones in the framework of the FP6 site selection program at the Canarian Observatories are given.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Muñoz-Tuñón, C.; Varela, A. M.; Fuensalida, J. J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AAS...223.9106B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Adapting Low-Tech Gear to Exoplanet Discovery</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The discovery of 51 Peg b by <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> and Queloz revealed (among other things) that discovering extrasolar planets, though certainly difficult, was not as hard as professional astronomers had previously thought. At the same time, the astronomical equipment available to amateurs -- including optics, mountings, and CCD detectors -- had become quite capable. This combination of factors led to successful exoplanet programs that leaned heavily on amateur-grade hardware, seeking faster development times and lower costs than were possible for traditional no-compromises astronomical instrument programs. I will describe two of these in which I played a role: the AFOE (Advanced Fiber Optic Echelle) spectrograph, and the STellar Astrophysics and Research on Exoplanets (STARE) transit-search wide-field imager.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, Timothy M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">451</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.usmayors.org/uscm/hungersurvey/2000/hunger2000.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities 2000</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The United States Conference of <span class="hlt">Mayors</span> makes available its annual status report on hunger and homelessness in America's cities. "The survey, conducted in 25 cities, examined the causes of hunger and homelessness, the demographic groups that make up this population, demand for emergency food and housing-related assistance, model programs that respond to these problems, and the projected impact of the economy on hunger and homelessness in America." The 125-page report finds that emergency demands for food were at their second highest rate in 2000 since 1991 with a seventeen percent increase in demand. The average demand for emergency shelter also increased by fifteen percent -- the highest one-year increase of the decade. The data are compiled from surveys conducted by city officials who consult with and collect data from community-based providers and government agencies.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">452</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/search/pagedetails.action?granuleId=&packageId=GPO-ICREPORT-ESPY"> <span id="translatedtitle">Final Report of the Independent Counsel In Re: Alphonso Michael (Mike) Espy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Former Secretary of Agriculture Alphonso Michael Espy was investigated for allegations originating in 1994 of possible violation of federal criminal law by accepting gifts from organizations or individuals with business pending before the US Department of Agriculture. In a final report released October 25, 2001 and now available online, investigators from the Office of Independent Council Donald Smalz state their conclusions that Secretary Espy had indeed committed improper behavior and that, "among other offenses, companies with financially important matters pending before USDA gave Secretary Espy -- either directly or via members of his family or his girlfriend -- numerous gifts in an effort to garner his favor." Tyson Foods, Inc., Crop Growers Corp., and Sun-Diamond Growers of California are among the six corporate entities convicted. The full report contains five large chapters, a conclusion, chronology, three appendices, and comment letters, including one from the attorneys of brother Henry Espy, <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> of Clarksdale Mississippi.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Smaltz, Donald C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">453</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.seattle.gov/cityarchives/exhibits-and-education/online-exhibits/pike-place-market-centennial"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pike Place Market Centennial</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Pike Place Market has been an integral part of Seattle's landscape since 1907 with its amazing mix of vendors and merchants, tourists, locals, and the generally curious. This remarkable exhibit brings together items from the Seattle Municipal Archives, such as photographs, handbills, documents, and other items from the past century. Visitors can learn about its founding and development through thirteen different areas, including Early Expansion, Privatization, Citizen Protests, and Plans for Change. There are even radio clips from politicians and residents talking about the market, including the <span class="hlt">mayor</span> of Seattle. Urban historians and planners will find this site particularly noteworthy as it presents an amazing case study of preservation amidst a dense urban environment.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">454</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5724672"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sweet smell of profits from trash</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Burning a county's or municipality's refuse and turning is into electricity should take off as a major growth industry, and capital investment in such plants over the next 10 years could reach $20 billion. Charles River Associates predicts that by 1995 some 75 incinerators will be in operation, taking in annual revenues of $4 billion. Unlike the ill-starred attempts to turn profits into trash in the 1970s, the new plants will use a proven technique called mass burning. While there is some concern about dioxin emissions, these plants emit negligible pollution when properly run. Since Americans throw away 170 million tons of household garbage annually - and since the country is fast running out of landfill sites - the refuse problem is especially acute in heavily populated areas. The biggest prizes, of course, for the refuse-to-energy companies will be the big cities; <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> Koch wants five for New York City, one for each borough.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Leinster, C.; Goodman, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">455</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.apsarchive.org/resource.cfm?submissionID=3414&BEN=1"> <span id="translatedtitle">Babies Born to Native High-Altitude Mothers Have Decreased Risk of Low Birth Weight</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The study, ÃÂAugmented uterine artery blood flow and oxygen delivery protect Andeans from altitude-associated reductions in fetal growth.àwas done by Colleen Glyde Julian, Megan J. Wilson, Henry Yamashiro and Lorna G. Moore of the University of Colorado; Wilma Tellez, Armando Rodriguez and Enrique Vargas of Universidad <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia; Abigail Bigham and Mark Shriver of Pennsylvania State University; and Miriam Lopez of Clínica del Sur, La Paz, Bolivia. Dr. Yamashiro is also affiliated with Clinica Siraní, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia and Dr. Moore is also affiliated with Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-05-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">456</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24718543"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Uriel García Cáceres, prominent leader and teacher of public health in Peru].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Dr. Uriel García Cáceres, prominent physician, researcher and Peruvian historian, was born in the city of Cusco in 1922. He studied medicine at Universidad Nacional <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> de San Marcos (1942-1950). He was influenced by Dr. Pedro Weiss and as a result he worked in the field of Pathological Anatomy, where he made substantial discoveries such as the description of kidney nodules associated with the verrucous stage of bartonellosis or Carrion?s disease. His most important contributions are in the paleopathology field, in which he helped create a better understanding of Peruvian ancient pathology. Dr. García Cáceres also participated in the political arena; he was Peru?s Minister of Health, a position in which he served selflessly and always working for the good of the health of all Peruvians. At 91 years old, he is always tenacious and cheerful, and above all, he is a teacher with a readiness to learn. PMID:24718543</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ugarte Ubilluz, Oscar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">457</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3799175"> <span id="translatedtitle">Efecto del Programa de Entrenamiento "Manejo del Dolor" en la Documentaci?n de Enfermer?a en el Expediente Electr?nico</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Resumen En el presente trabajo se muestra la importancia de entrenar al personal de enfermería para mejorar la documentación en el expediente electrónico. Se eligió el manejo del dolor por ser un área prioritaria; una alta proporción de pacientes en período post operatorio cursa con dolor, por lo tanto, la documentación debe ser útil para la toma de decisiones clínicas. Se implementó un programa de entrenamiento denominado “Manejo del Dolor” dirigido al personal de enfermería. Se utilizó la tecnología de la información como herramienta para fortalecer el conocimiento con base en la revisión sistemática de la literatura; el personal de enfermería participante seleccionó la mejor evidencia; posteriormente se trabajó en la transferencia de este conocimiento a la práctica a través del diseño de un protocolo para el manejo del dolor. Se concluye que el conocimiento del manejo del dolor es fundamental para que enfermería documente con <span class="hlt">mayor</span> precisión sus intervenciones.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Monsivais, Maria Guadalupe Moreno; Guzman, Ma. Guadalupe Interial; Flores, Paz Francisco Sauceda; Arreola, Leticia Vazquez</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">458</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1533904"> <span id="translatedtitle">Proinflammatory Liver and Antiinflammatory Intestinal Mediators Involved in Portal Hypertensive Rats</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Proinflammatory (TNF-?, IL-1?, and NO) and antiinflammatory (IL-10, CO) levels were assayed in serum, liver, and small bowel in order to verify a hypothetic inflammatory etiopathogeny of portal hypertension that could be the cause of its evolutive heterogeneity. Male Wistar rats were divided into one control group (n = 11) and one group with a triple stenosing ligation of the portal vein (n = 23) after 28 days of evolution. In one subgroup of portal hypertensive rats, portal pressure, collateral venous circulation, mesenteric vasculopathy, and liver and spleen weights were determined. In the remaining rats with portal hypertension TNF-?, IL-1?, and IL-10 were quantified in liver and ileum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. NO synthase activity was studied in liver and ileum. CO and NO were measured in portal and systemic blood by spectrophotometry and Griess reaction, respectively. Portal hypertensive rats with <span class="hlt">mayor</span> spleen weight show hepatomegaly and <span class="hlt">mayor</span> development of collateral circulation. Ileum release of IL-10 (0.30 ± 0.12 versus 0.14 ± 0.02?pmol/mg protein; P < .01) is associated with a liver production of both proinflammatory mediators (TNF-?: 2 ± 0.21 versus 1.32 ± 0.60?pmol/mg protein; P < .05, IL-1?: 19.17 ± 2.87 versus 5.96 ± 1.84?pmol/mg protein; P = .005, and NO: 132.10 ± 34.72 versus 61.05 ± 8.30?nmol/mL; P = .005) and an antiinflammatory mediator (CO: 6.49 ± 2.99 versus 3.03 ± 1.59?pmol/mL; P = .005). In short-term prehepatic portal hypertension a gut-liver inflammatory loop, which could be fundamental in the regulation both of the portal pressure and of its complications, could be proposed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aller, Maria Angeles; Vara, Elena; Garcia, Cruz; Palma, Maria Dolores; Arias, Jorge L.; Nava, Maria Paz; Arias, Jaime</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">459</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFM.S51A2200G"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ground Rotational Motions as Inferred from Downhole Vertical Array Observations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Despite scientific and engineering needs to measure rotational component of earthquake ground motion only limited number of reliable measurements is obtained so far. Few of them are point measurements, and others are inferred from surface array observations. More than twenty high resolution strong motion downhole vertical arrays were installed in California with primary goal to study site response of different geologic structure to strong earthquake motion. Data recorded at those arrays during a number of recent earthquakes provide an opportunity to calculate rotational component of the ground motion, and apparently were not previously used for this purpose. In this paper rotations and rotation rates were inferred from downhole array records of the Mw 6.0 Parkfield 2004, the Mw 7.2 Sierra El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> (Mexico) 2010 and the two smaller earthquakes in California (Table 1). Highest amplitudes of short duration rotations and rotation rates of 3.8E-04 rad and 1.1E-02 rad/sec associated with the S-wave were observed at a very close epicentral distance of 4.3 km from the ML 4.2 event in Southern California at the La Cienega array (Fig. 1). In contrast, large magnitude Sierra El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> earthquake produced very long duration rotational motions of up to 3.0E-04 rad and 4.1E-03 rad/sec associated with shear and surface waves at the El Centro array. High dynamic range instrumentation is necessary for reliable calculation of rotations from array data. Data from dense Treasure Island array near San Francisco demonstrate consistent change of shape of rotational motion with depth and material. In the frequency range of 1-15 Hz Fourier amplitude spectrum of vertical ground velocity is similar to the scaled tilt spectrum. Amplitudes of rotations at the site depend upon the size of the base and usually decrease with depth. They are also amplified by soft material.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Graizer, V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">460</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011AGUFM.T23C2410Z"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing postseismic decay of several earthquakes in the western US from GPS time-series</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Geodetic techniques usually detect transient deformation after major earthquakes. This postseismic behavior has been explained in terms of fault afterslip, viscoelastic relaxation, and/or poroelastic rebound. Some studies argue for only afterslip while others explain the process exclusively in terms of viscoelastic relaxation. For afterslip studies, the inferred decay time of the relaxation seems to vary widely between different earthquakes. The goal of this study is to shed some new light on the dominating postseismic mechanism in space and time after a number of different earthquakes. To do so, we perform a new and uniform analysis of continuous GPS time-series in the western U.S. We deploy two techniques to characterize the decay after several earthquakes: 1) least-squares inversion with either a logarithmic or exponential decay term, or 2) principal component analysis (PCA). We perform our analysis for different data spans and distance after/from the following events: 2010 El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>-Cucapah, 2010 Eureka, 2008 Mogul, 2007 Alum Rock, 2005 Northern California, 2004 Parkfield, 2003 San Simeon, and 1999 Hector Mine. PCA analysis for data starting after the 2010 El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>-Cucapah earthquake until today gives one clear principal component for 24 stations within 100 km distance around epicenter. But when we consider shorter time-spans, a second principal component becomes predominant Our results also show for the same event that logarithmic decay times for stations within 300 km range from 25 to 300 days. There is a general increasing trend with increasing distance from the rupture. Beyond 300 km, the values are either too large or too small to be realistic, which suggests that the post-seismic process is not notable in that region. Our goal is to be able to separate afterslip from relaxation processes and to compare afterslip decay times for each event with some general characteristics of the earthquake itself, such as moment, mechanism, and stress drop.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhang, Y.; Kreemer, C. W.; Blewitt, G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return 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href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">461</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21804831"> <span id="translatedtitle"></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ANTECEDENTES: El esófago de Barrett es una reconocida lesión precursora de adenocarcinoma esofágico. Aunque generalmente asociada al reflujo gastroesofágico, los mecanismos patogénicos de la enfermedad no son bien conocidos. El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar la historia natural e identificar marcadores de progreso del proceso precanceroso. MATERIAL Y M#ENTITYSTARTX000E9;TODOS: Se utilizaron cortes histológicos de 67 especímenes de esófago correspondientes a 14 pacientes con esófago de Barrett, a los que se siguió entre 1 - 9 años. Se clasificaron las lesiones en: esófago de Barrett sin displasia, indefinido para displasia o con displasia. Se evaluó la expresión de diferentes mucinas en las células caliciformes y en las columnares usando técnicas de histoquímica e inmunohistoquímica. RESULTADOS: En todos los casos se comprobó la presencia de metaplasia intestinal incompleta. Las células columnares dentro del epitelio metaplásico contenían mucinas neutras. A <span class="hlt">mayor</span> severidad de la lesión se encontró significativamente menor expresión de sialomucinas en las células columnares (p de tendencia igual a 0,03). En sujetos con lesiones indefinidas para displasia se observó un <span class="hlt">mayor</span> contenido de sulfomucinas en las células caliciformes (p=0,034) y de MUC2 en las células columnares (p=0,029) que en sujetos con esófago de Barrett sin displasia. Se observó expresión de la mucina intestinal MUC2 y de la mucina gástrica MUC5AC en todas las muestras. MUC6, una mucina de las glándulas profundas gástricas, se presentó ocasionalmente. CONCLUSI#ENTITYSTARTX000F3;N: La evaluación de los perfiles de mucinas en el esófago de Barrett sugiere una transición gradual del fenotipo del epitelio metaplásico a medida que la lesión avanza en el tiempo. PMID:21804831</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Torrado, Julio; Piazuelo, María Blanca; Ruiz, Irune; Izarzugaza, María Isabel; Camargo, María Constanza; Delgado, Alberto; Abdirad, Afshin; Correa, Pelayo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">462</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1987RMxAA..14..101M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuevas Galaxias Seyfert 1 Australes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">En 1984 se inició una extensión del "survey" de Tololo que de- sarrollara en 1975 Smith, con la cámara Curtis-Schmidt y el prisma UV delgado. Utilizando placas IIIaJ horneadas, sin filtro, expues tas 90 minutos sin ensanchamiento se han obtenido a la fecha más de 150 placas que cubren la zona entre -20° y -45° a latitudes galácticas <span class="hlt">mayores</span> de 20°; se presenta un detalle de las franjas que comprende el survey Calan-Tololo, indicando el grado de completitud de las mismas. Se ha encontrado un gran número de galaxias con líneas de emisión entre las cuales las más frecuentes, más de 300, son galaxias irregulares con formación estelar violenta ("starburst galaxies"). Se ha encontrado un número de cuasares cercano a 100; casi todos ellos tienen la linea Lyman alfa en la zona entre 3300 y 5300 A, que corresponde a un rango de corrimientosal rojo 1.7< z <3.3 el cuasar con <span class="hlt">mayor</span> corri- miento al rojo encontrado a la fecha en el survey tiene z = 3.1. La información detallada sobre cuasares y galaxias tipo "starburst" será presentada en otro lugar. Entre los objetos más interesantes encontrados en el survey Calán- Tololo destacan unas 50 nuevas galaxias Seyfert 1. Estas galaxias han sido encontradas por su fuerte exceso UV y su brillante núcleo, más que por sus intensas lineas de emisión. Hemos observado espectroscópicamente, en el Observatorio Interamericano de Cerro Tololo, 37 de ellas para las cuales se presentan cartas de identificación, coordenadas y los datos espectroscópicos obtenidos.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Maza, J.; Ruiz, M. T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">463</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3144548"> <span id="translatedtitle">El fenotipo de las mucinas en el es?fago de Barrett</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Antecedentes El esófago de Barrett es una reconocida lesión precursora de adenocarcinoma esofágico. Aunque generalmente asociada al reflujo gastroesofágico, los mecanismos patogénicos de la enfermedad no son bien conocidos. El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar la historia natural e identificar marcadores de progreso del proceso precanceroso. Material y métodos Se utilizaron cortes histológicos de 67 especímenes de esófago correspondientes a 14 pacientes con esófago de Barrett, a los que se siguió entre 1 – 9 años. Se clasificaron las lesiones en: esófago de Barrett sin displasia, indefinido para displasia o con displasia. Se evaluó la expresión de diferentes mucinas en las células caliciformes y en las columnares usando técnicas de histoquímica e inmunohistoquímica. Resultados En todos los casos se comprobó la presencia de metaplasia intestinal incompleta. Las células columnares dentro del epitelio metaplásico contenían mucinas neutras. A <span class="hlt">mayor</span> severidad de la lesión se encontró significativamente menor expresión de sialomucinas en las células columnares (p de tendencia igual a 0,03). En sujetos con lesiones indefinidas para displasia se observó un <span class="hlt">mayor</span> contenido de sulfomucinas en las células caliciformes (p=0,034) y de MUC2 en las células columnares (p=0,029) que en sujetos con esófago de Barrett sin displasia. Se observó expresión de la mucina intestinal MUC2 y de la mucina gástrica MUC5AC en todas las muestras. MUC6, una mucina de las glándulas profundas gástricas, se presentó ocasionalmente. Conclusión La evaluación de los perfiles de mucinas en el esófago de Barrett sugiere una transición gradual del fenotipo del epitelio metaplásico a medida que la lesión avanza en el tiempo.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Torrado, Julio; Piazuelo, Maria Blanca; Ruiz, Irune; Izarzugaza, Maria Isabel; Camargo, Maria Constanza; Delgado, Alberto; Abdirad, Afshin; Correa, Pelayo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">464</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFMGC33D..06H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Anticipating Future Sea Level Rise and Coastal Storms in New York City (Invited)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Hurricane Sandy caused 43 fatalities in New York City and 19 billion in damages. <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> Michael Bloomberg responded by convening the second New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC2), to provide up-to-date climate information for the City's Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency (SIRR). The <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>'s proposed 20 billion plan aims to strengthen the City's resilience to coastal inundation. Accordingly, the NPCC2 scientific and technical support team generated a suite of temperature, precipitation, and sea level rise and extreme event projections through the 2050s. The NPCC2 sea level rise projections include contributions from ocean thermal expansion, dynamic changes in sea surface height, mass changes in glaciers, ice caps, and ice sheets, and land water storage. Local sea level changes induced by changes in ice mass include isostatic, gravitational, and rotational effects. Results are derived from CMIP5 model-based outputs, expert judgment, and literature surveys. Sea level at the Battery, lower Manhattan, is projected to rise by 7-31 in (17.8-78.7cm) by the 2050s relative to 2000-2004 (10 to 90 percentile). As a result, flood heights above NAVD88 for the 100-year storm (stillwater plus waves) would rise from 15.0 ft (0.71 m) in the 2000s to 15.6-17.6 ft (4.8-5.4 m) by the 2050s (10-90 percentile). The annual chance of today's 100-year flood would increase from 1 to 1.4-5.0 percent by the 2050s.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Horton, R. M.; Gornitz, V.; Bader, D.; Little, C. M.; Oppenheimer, M.; Patrick, L.; Orton, P. M.; Rosenzweig, C.; Solecki, W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">465</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21302557"> <span id="translatedtitle">Exploring extrasolar worlds: from gas giants to terrestrial habitable planets.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Almost 500 extrasolar planets have been found since the discovery of 51 Peg b by <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> and Queloz in 1995. The traditional field of planetology has thus expanded its frontiers to include planetary environments not represented in our Solar System. We expect that in the next five years space missions (Corot, Kepler and GAIA) or ground-based detection techniques will both increase exponentially the number of new planets discovered and lower the present limit of a approximately 1.9 Earth-mass object [e.g. <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> et al., Astron. Astrophys., 2009, 507, 487]. While the search for an Earth-twin orbiting a Sun-twin has been one of the major goals pursued by the exoplanet community in the past years, the possibility of sounding the atmospheric composition and structure of an increasing sample of exoplanets with current telescopes has opened new opportunities, unthinkable just a few years ago. As a result, it is possible now not only to determine the orbital characteristics of the new bodies, but moreover to study the exotic environments that lie tens of parsecs away from us. The analysis of the starlight not intercepted by the thin atmospheric limb of its planetary companion (transit spectroscopy), or of the light emitted/reflected by the exoplanet itself, will guide our understanding of the atmospheres and the surfaces of these extrasolar worlds in the next few years. Preliminary results obtained by interpreting current atmospheric observations of transiting gas giants and Neptunes are presented. While the full characterisation of an Earth-twin might requires a technological leap, our understanding of large terrestrial planets (so called super-Earths) orbiting bright, later-type stars is within reach by current space and ground telescopes. PMID:21302557</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tinetti, Giovanna; Griffith, Caitlin A; Swain, Mark R; Deroo, Pieter; Beaulieu, Jean Philippe; Vasisht, Gautam; Kipping, David; Waldmann, Ingo; Tennyson, Jonathan; Barber, Robert J; Bouwman, Jeroen; Allard, Nicole; Brown, Linda R</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">466</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AGUFMNH43B..07R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Linking Federal, State, and Local Adaptation Strategies in New York (Invited)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">New York City and New York State are leaders in adaptation in the U.S. In 2008 <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> Bloomberg convened the NYC Climate Change Adaptation Task Force and the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC). Also in 2008, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) initiated the Integrated Assessment for Effective Climate Change Adaptation Strategies (ClimAID), to provide New York State decision-makers with cutting-edge information on its vulnerability to climate change and to facilitate the development of adaptation strategies informed by both local experience and scientific knowledge. The two efforts are working together to develop effective adaptation strategies across multiple jurisdictions. The New York Task Force consists of approximate 40 city, state, and federal agencies, regional public authorities, and private companies that operate, maintain, or regulate critical infrastructure in the region. The NPCC consisted of climate change and impacts scientists, and legal, insurance, and risk-management experts and served as the technical advisory body for the <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> and the Task Force on issues related to climate change, impacts, and adaptation. In its 2010 report, the NPCC recommended adoption of a risk-based approach to climate change; creation of a monitoring program to track and analyze key climate change factors, impacts, and adaptation indicators; review of relevant standards and codes; inclusion of multiple layers of government and a wide range of public and private stakeholder experts to build buy-in; and formation of crucial partnerships for development of coordinated adaptation strategies. The task now is for these partnerships to create pilot programs that move adaptation from the planning phase to implementation; urban areas can provide critical ‘test-beds’ for such efforts.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rosenzweig, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">467</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23415686"> <span id="translatedtitle">Relations of oxidative stress in freshwater phytoplankton with heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The phytoplankton is the basis of food webs and also, may bioconcentrate different toxic substances. This phenomenon is well documented, but there are few studies on the toxic effects on the phytoplankton community. In the current study the relation of oxidative stress (TBARS, ROOH, RC=O) and antioxidant defenses (activities of SOD, CAT, GPx and GST) of two phytoplankton communities with BCF of heavy metals (Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, Zn) and of PAHs (naphthalene, pyrene, indenol, benzo[a]pyrene, benzo[a]anthracene, benzo[b]fluoranthene) was tested. Three sampling surveys were conducted bimonthly on the surface and bottom at different sampling points in the lakes Menor and <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> of the 2nd section of Chapultepec Park. Also negative and positive controls obtained in the laboratory were included. Toxicity relationships were analyzed using the integrated biomarker response (IBR). Both green algae and cyanobacteria dominated. The contents of ROOH and protein oxidation assessed as RC=O were higher in the Lago Menor, a water body that contains ancient sediments. Through the IBR it was demonstrated that these damages were influenced by Pb, indenol and benzo[b]fluoranthene. In contrast, TBARS content was higher in Lago <span class="hlt">Mayor</span>, which has sediment in formation. Through IBR it was estimated that Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, indenol and benzo[b]fluoranthene were related to this damage. However, oxidative stress was accompanied by an induction of CAT and SOD, in contrast, GPx and GST had low or null activity. The field data were similar to the positive controls. We demonstrated for the first time that, although the phytoplankton suffers oxidative stress elicited by metals and PAHs, this community is able to counter this damage through antioxidant defenses. The effects of organic or inorganic toxics in phytoplankton depend on their bioavailability that is modulated by the sediment and also by its physicochemical properties and the characteristics of the abiotic medium. PMID:23415686</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vega-López, Armando; Ayala-López, Griselda; Posadas-Espadas, Brenda P; Olivares-Rubio, Hugo F; Dzul-Caamal, Ricardo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">468</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003BASBr..23...85S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Questões mais freqüentes na área de astronomia</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">É amplamente reconhecido que as pessoas em geral têm grande fascínio e interesse pela Astronomia. Por outro lado, o conteúdo dessa área incluído no ensino formal está longe de ser abrangente e suficiente para suprir a demanda. Esse interesse permite otimizar a divulgação e o ensino não formal de Astronomia aliando a adequação do conteúdo à expectativa das pessoas. Nesse intuito, nosso trabalho busca mapear que assuntos da Astronomia despertam mais a atenção e o interesse das pessoas e o quanto disso é estimulado pela mídia, que freqüentemente aproveita-se desse interesse de forma sensacionalista, trazendo contribuições positivas e negativas. Para esta avaliação, utilizamos as pesquisas específicas e de caracterização do público que freqüentou o MAst nos anos de 2001 a 2003, pesquisa das matérias de Astronomia veiculadas na mídia escrita da cidade do Rio de Janeiro no mesmo período, além da base de dados do programa Pergunte a um astrônomo, realizado no Observatório Nacional nos anos de 1997 a 1999. Para a análise dos dados, dividimos as perguntas em dez categorias, cada uma com suas subcategorias, tomando como referência as divisões, comissões e grupos de trabalho da IAU. Apresentamos neste trabalho os resultados dessa pesquisa, que incluem, entre outros, a predominância de questões nas categorias Observação do Céu e Sistemas Planetários enquanto nos jornais dominam as notícias de Sistemas Planetários e Espaço & Astronáutica. Outro resultado interessante indicou que as dúvidas de crianças do ensino fundamental se concentram em algumas categorias enquanto as questões de <span class="hlt">adultos</span> são mais distribuídas por todas as categorias. Os resultados dessa pesquisa serão aplicados diretamente no aperfeiçoamento das atividades do Programa de Observação de Céu, bem como na elaboração de novos projetos e eventos realizados no MAst.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Segundo, H. A. S.; Garcia, G. C.; Caretta, C. A.; Lima, F. P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">469</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17077333"> <span id="translatedtitle">Therapy with high-dose dexamethasone (HD-DXM) in previously untreated patients affected by idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a GIMEMA experience.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), corticosteroids have been widely recognized as the most appropriate first-line treatment, even if the best therapeutic approach is still a matter of debate. Recently, a single high-dose dexamethasone (HD-DXM) course was administered as first-line therapy in adult patients with ITP. In this paper we show the results of 2 prospective pilot studies (monocentric and multicentric, respectively) concerning the use of repeated pulses of HD-DXM in untreated ITP patients. In the monocenter study, 37 patients with severe ITP, age at least 20 years and no more than 65 years, were enrolled. HD-DXM was given in 4-day pulses every 28 days, for 6 cycles. Response rate was 89.2%; relapse-free survival (RFS) was 90% at 15 months; long-term responses, lasting for a median time of 26 months (range 6-77 months) were 25 of 37 (67.6%). In the multicenter study, 95 patients with severe ITP, age at least 2 years and no more than 70 years, were enrolled. HD-DXM was given in 4-day pulses every 14 days, for 4 cycles; 90 patients completed 4 cycles. Response rate (85.6%) was similar in patients classified by age (<18 years, 36 of 42=85.7%; >or=18 years, 41 of 48=85.4%, P=not significant), with a statistically significant difference between the second and third cycle (75.8% vs 89%, P=.018). RFS at 15 months 81%; long-term responses, lasting for a median time of 8 months (range 4-24 months) were 67 of 90 (74.4%). In both studies, therapy was well tolerated. A schedule of 3 cycles of HD-DXM pulses will be compared with standard prednisone therapy (eg, 1 mg/kg per day) in the next randomized Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'<span class="hlt">Adulto</span> (GIMEMA) trial. PMID:17077333</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mazzucconi, Maria Gabriella; Fazi, Paola; Bernasconi, Sayla; De Rossi, Giulio; Leone, Giuseppe; Gugliotta, Luigi; Vianelli, Nicola; Avvisati, Giuseppe; Rodeghiero, Francesco; Amendola, Angela; Baronci, Carlo; Carbone, Cecilia; Quattrin, Stefano; Fioritoni, Giuseppe; D'Alfonso, Giulio; Mandelli, Franco</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-02-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">470</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20942907"> <span id="translatedtitle">Improving mating performance of mass-reared sterile Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) through changes in adult holding conditions: demography and mating competitiveness</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mass rearing conditions affect the mating behavior of Mediterranean fruit flies (medflies) Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). We evaluated the effect of slight changes in the adult holding conditions of adult flies maintained for egg production on their mating performance. Colonization was initiated from wild flies collected as larvae from infested coffee berries (Coffea arabica L.). When pupae were close to adult emergence, they were randomly divided into 3 groups and the emerging adults were reared under the following conditions: (1) Metapa System (MS, control), consisting of 70 x 45 x 15 cm aluminum frame, mesh covered cages, with a density of 2,200 flies per cage and a 1:1 initial sex ratio; (2) Insert System (IS), with the same type of cage, and the same fly density and sex ratio as in the MS treatment, but containing twelve Plexiglas pieces (23 x 8.5 cm) to provide additional horizontal surface areas inside the cage; and (3) Sex-ratio System (SS), same as IS, but in this case the initial male: female ratio was 4:1. Three d later, newly emerged females were introduced, so the ratio became 3:1 and on the 6th d another group of newly emerged females was added to provide a 2:1 final sex ratio, at which the final density reached 1,675 flies per cage. The eggs collected from each of the 3 treatments were reared independently following standard procedures and the adults were held under the same experimental conditions. This process was repeated for over 10 to 13 generations (1 year). The experiment was repeated 3 times in 3 consecutive years, starting each replicate with a new collection of wild flies. Life tables were constructed for each treatment at the parental, 3rd, 6th, and 9th generations. Standard quality control parameters (pupation at 24 h, pupal weight, adult emergence, and flight ability), were estimated for each treatment every third generation in the third year. For the last generation each year, mating competitiveness was evaluated in field cage tests with wild flies. As colonization progressed, life expectancy and fecundity rates increased in the 3 rearing systems. There was no significant difference in standard quality control parameters among the 3 rearing systems. Wild males always achieved more matings than any of the mass reared males. Mating competitiveness of males from the IS, although surprisingly not from the SS, was significantly greater than that of males from the MS. Our results indicate that these slight changes in the adult holding conditions can significantly reduce the harmful effects of mass rearing on the mating performance of sterile flies. (author) [Spanish] Se ha demostrado que las condiciones de cria masiva afectan el comportamiento de apareamiento de la mosca del Mediterraneo Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Nosotros evaluamos el efecto de ligeros cambios en las condiciones en las que los <span class="hlt">adultos</span> son mantenidos para la produccion de huevos, en el desempeno de apareamiento de las moscas esteriles. La colonizacion se inicio con moscas silvestres colectadas como larvas en cerezas de cafe (Coffea arabica L.) infestadas. Cuando las pupas estuvieron cerca de la emergencia de los <span class="hlt">adultos</span>, se dividieron en tres grupos al azar y los <span class="hlt">adultos</span> recien emergidos fueron criados en las siguientes condiciones: (1) Sistema Metapa (MS, testigo), consistente en jaulas con marco de aluminio de 70 x 45 x 15 cm, cubiertas con malla, con una densidad de 2,200 moscas por jaula y una relacion de sexos inicial de 1:1; (2); Sistema Insertos (IS), con el mismo tipo de jaula, densidad de moscas, y relacion de sexos que en el MS, pero conteniendo 12 piezas de plexiglas (23 x 8.5 cm) para proporcionar superficie horizontal al interior de la jaula; y (3) Sistema de Relacion de Sexos (SS), igual que el IS, pero en este caso la relacion inicial macho: hembra fue de 4:1, tres dias despues se introdujeron hembras recien emergidas para tener una relacion de 3:1 y en el 6 dia se anadio otro grupo de hembras para tener una relacion final de sexos de 2:1, que equivale a una densidad final de 1,675 moscas por jaula. Los huevos </p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liedo, P.; Salgado, S.; Oropeza, A.; Toledo, J. [Departamento de Entomologia Tropical, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Apartado Postal 36, C. P. 30700, Tapachula, Chiapas (Mexico)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-03-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">471</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=https://scout.wisc.edu/Reports/ScoutReport/2006/scout-060203#1"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dissent and Protest Continue to Escalate in Nepal</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">European Union asks Nepal king to call ceasefirehttp://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1398034.cmsPolice Beat Protesters at Nepal Rallyhttp://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-nepal2feb02,0,4683264.story?coll=la-headlines-world<span class="hlt">Mayoral</span> Candidatesâ Homes Bombed in Nepalhttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/02/AR2006020200355.htmlAmnesty urges Nepal to free activistshttp://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/B5F7EAD4-734B-4295-8F4A-438A71B1BACA.htmHuman Rights Watch: Nepal [pdf]http://www.hrw.org/doc?t=asia&c=nepalThe past year in Nepal has been more than a bit trying for many residents, as the royal rule of King Gyanendra has faced increasing difficulties. As of late, the country has been beset with infringements on civil liberties along with sporadic insurgency-related violence. The country has been preparing for municipal elections which will take place on February 8th, but even that has been an uphill battle. This Thursday insurgents who have already actively dismissed the elections as a farce bombed the homes of three <span class="hlt">mayoral</span> candidates in Katmandu. The political situation in the country is rather complex, as Maoist rebels have sought to establish a socialist government since 1996, and in the process, over 12,000 people have been killed during skirmishes, bombings, and other tragedies. Many Nepalese have grown weary over this continued power struggle, and a number of international organizations have become increasingly concerned over the long-term effect this situation is having on the country. The first link offered here will take visitors to a well-written piece on the problems in Nepal, authored by Charles Haviland of BBC News. The second link leads to a news article from the Times of India, which reports on the European UnionâÂÂs attempts to ask the King to declare a ceasefire in the country. The third link leads to a Los Angeles Times article from this Thursday that talks about the recent unrest at a pro-democracy rally in Katmandu. The fourth link leads to a Washington Post piece about the bombings of the homes of the three <span class="hlt">mayoral</span> candidates in the city of Katmandu. The fifth link leads to an article from Aljazeera.net, which talks about Amnesty InternationalâÂÂs recent request to have King Gyanendra release 900 political prisoners. The final link leads to the Human Rights WatchâÂÂs section dedicated to Nepal. Here, visitors will find recent news releases from the organization about the state of human rights in the country, along with a selection of briefing papers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">472</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3562480"> <span id="translatedtitle">Assessment of Management to Mitigate Anthropogenic Effects on Large Whales</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Abstract United States and Canadian governments have responded to legal requirements to reduce human-induced whale mortality via vessel strikes and entanglement in fishing gear by implementing a suite of regulatory actions. We analyzed the spatial and temporal patterns of mortality of large whales in the Northwest Atlantic (23.5°N to 48.0°N), 1970 through 2009, in the context of management changes. We used a multinomial logistic model fitted by maximum likelihood to detect trends in cause-specific mortalities with time. We compared the number of human-caused mortalities with U.S. federally established levels of potential biological removal (i.e., species-specific sustainable human-caused mortality). From 1970 through 2009, 1762 mortalities (all known) and serious injuries (likely fatal) involved 8 species of large whales. We determined cause of death for 43% of all mortalities; of those, 67% (502) resulted from human interactions. Entanglement in fishing gear was the primary cause of death across all species (n = 323), followed by natural causes (n = 248) and vessel strikes (n = 171). Established sustainable levels of mortality were consistently exceeded in 2 species by up to 650%. Probabilities of entanglement and vessel-strike mortality increased significantly from 1990 through 2009. There was no significant change in the local intensity of all or vessel-strike mortalities before and after 2003, the year after which numerous mitigation efforts were enacted. So far, regulatory efforts have not reduced the lethal effects of human activities to large whales on a population-range basis, although we do not exclude the possibility of success of targeted measures for specific local habitats that were not within the resolution of our analyses. It is unclear how shortfalls in management design or compliance relate to our findings. Analyses such as the one we conducted are crucial in critically evaluating wildlife-management decisions. The results of these analyses can provide managers with direction for modifying regulated measures and can be applied globally to mortality-driven conservation issues. Evaluación del Manejo para Mitigar Efectos Antropogénicos sobre Ballenas <span class="hlt">Mayores</span> Resumen Los gobiernos de Estados Unidos y Canadá han respondido a requerimientos legales para reducir la mortalidad de ballenas inducida por humanos por medio de impacto con embarcaciones y enmarañamiento en artes de pesca mediante la implementación de un conjunto de acciones reguladoras. Analizamos los patrones espaciales y temporales de la mortalidad de ballenas <span class="hlt">mayores</span> en el Atlántico Noroccidental (23.5°N a 48.0°N), de 1970 a 2009, en el contexto de cambios de manejo. Utilizamos un modelo logístico multinomial ajustado por la máxima probabilidad de detección de tendencias en mortalidades por causa específica en el tiempo. Comparamos el número de muertes provocadas por humanos con los niveles de remoción biológica potencial (i.e., mortalidad específica provocada por humanos sustentable). De 1970 a 2009, hubo 1762 muertes (conocidas) y lesiones serias (casi fatales) involucrando 8 especies de ballenas <span class="hlt">mayores</span>. Determinamos la causa de 43% de todas las muertes; de ellas, 67% (502) resultaron de interacciones humanas. El enmarañamiento en artes de pesca fue la causa principal de muerte en todas las especies (n = 323), seguida de causas naturales (n = 248) e impacto de embarcaciones (n = 171). Los niveles sustentables de mortalidad establecidos fueron excedidos consistentemente hasta en 650% en 2 especies. Las probabilidades de muerte por enmarañamiento y por impacto de embarcaciones incrementaron significativamente de 1990 a 2009. No hubo cambio significativo en la intensidad local de mortalidad por todas las causas o por impacto de embarcaciones antes y después de 2003, año en el que se implementaron numerosos esfuerzos de mitigación. Hasta ahora, los esfuerzos regulatorios no han reducido los efectos letales de las actividades humanas sob</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Van Der Hoop, Julie M; Moore, Michael J; Barco, Susan G; Cole, Timothy VN; Daoust, Pierre-Yves; Henry, Allison G; McAlpine, Donald F; McLellan, William A; Wimmer, Tonya; Solow, Andrew R</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">473</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AGUFM.U22B..04C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Planning Matters: Response Operations following the 30 September 2009 Sumatran Earthquake</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Response operations following the 9/30/2009 West Sumatra earthquake tested extensive planning that had been done in Indonesia since the 26 December 2004 Sumatran Earthquake and Tsunami. After massive destruction in Aceh Province in 2004, the Indonesian National Government revised its national disaster management plans. A key component was to select six cities in Indonesia exposed to significant risk and make a focused investment of resources, planning activities, and public education to reduce risk of major disasters. Padang City was selected for this national “showcase” for disaster preparedness, planning, and response. The question is whether planning improved governmental performance and coordination in practice. There is substantial evidence that disaster preparedness planning and training initiated over the past four years had a positive effect on Padang in terms of disaster risk reduction. The National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB, 10/28/09) reported the following casualties: Padang City: deaths, 383; severe injuries, 431, minor injuries, 771. Province of West Sumatra: deaths, 1209; severe injuries, 67; minor injuries, 1179. These figures contrasted markedly with the estimated losses following the 2004 Earthquake and Tsunami when no training had been done: Banda Aceh, deaths, 118,000; Aceh Province, dead/missing, 236,169 (ID Health Ministry 2/22/05). The 2004 events were more severe, yet the comparable scale of loss was significantly lower in the 9/30/09 earthquake. Three factors contributed to reducing disaster risk in Padang and West Sumatra. First, annual training exercises for tsunami warning and evacuation had been organized by national agencies since 2004. In 2008, all exercises and training activities were placed under the newly established BNPB. The exercise held in Padang in February, 2009 served as an organizing framework for response operations in the 9/30/09 earthquake. Public officers with key responsibilities for emergency operations immediately contacted one another by radio, and the <span class="hlt">mayor</span> activated the emergency plan within five minutes of the earthquake. Second, public awareness of tsunami risk was high, and residents of Padang self-evacuated when they felt strong shaking from the earthquake. Signs posted on the streets prior to the earthquake showed the evacuation route to high ground and safety. Third, back-up generators at key facilities - radio station, hospitals, fire station, and <span class="hlt">mayor’s</span> residence - enabled key officials to mobilize response operations immediately with continued electrical power. Yet, this event revealed new lessons for disaster planning and response critical to protecting lives, property, and continuity of operations for this city of 900,000 residents. The evacuation procedure outlined in the plan proved inadequate for the 600,000 residents who live in the Red Zone, close to the beach. A mass exodus of residents to the streets trying to cross the one bridge that led to high ground created a monumental traffic jam. Emergency personnel need protection for their families in order to report for duty to protect the lives and property of city residents. The planning continues.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Comfort, L. K.; Cedillos, V.; Rahayu, H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">474</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AGUFMIN13C1508D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using UAVSAR to Estimate Creep Along the Superstition Hills Fault, Southern California</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">UAVSAR data were first acquired over the Salton Trough region, just north of the Mexican border in October 2009. Second passes of data were acquired on 12 and 13 April 2010, about one week following the 5 April 2010 M 7.2 El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> - Cucapah earthquake. The earthquake resulted in creep on several faults north of the main rupture, including the Yuha, Imperial, and Superstition Hills faults. The UAVSAR platform acquires data about every six meters in swaths about 15 km wide. Tropospheric effects and residual aircraft motion contribute to error in the estimation of surface deformation in the Repeat Pass Interferometry products. The Superstition Hills fault shows clearly in the associated radar interferogram; however, error in the data product makes it difficult to infer deformation from long profiles that cross the fault. Using the QuakeSim InSAR Profile tool we extracted line of site profiles on either side of the fault delineated in the interferogram. We were able to remove much of the correlated error by differencing profiles 250 m on either side of the fault. The result shows right-lateral creep of 1.5±.4 mm along the northern 7 km of the fault in the interferogram. The amount of creep abruptly changes to 8.4±.4 mm of right lateral creep along at least 9 km of the fault covered in the image to the south. The transition occurs within less than 100 m along the fault. We also extracted 2 km long line of site profiles perpendicular to this section of the fault. Averaging these profiles shows a step across the fault of 14.9±.3 mm with greater creep on the order of 20 mm on the northern two profiles and lower creep of about 10 mm on the southern two profiles. Nearby GPS stations P503 and P493 are consistent with this result. They also confirm that the creep event occurred at the time of the El <span class="hlt">Mayor</span> - Cucapah earthquake. By removing regional deformation resulting from the main rupture we were able to invert for the depth of creep from the surface. Results indicate that the slip occurred from the surface to 10-20 km, not shallowly, as previously suggested.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Donnellan, A.; Parker, J. W.; Pierce, M.; Wang, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">475</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=https://scout.wisc.edu/Reports/ScoutReport/2010/scout-100205#IntheNews"> <span id="translatedtitle">As more cities go "green", New York issues a new set of environmentally friendly recommendations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Panel suggests 100 Ways Buildings Can Be Greener http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/02/science/earth/02green.html?ref=todayspaperHUD Announces the first Recovery Act Green Retrofit Grant for Multi-Family Housinghttp://portal.hud.gov/portal/page/portal/HUD/states/new_york/news/HUDNo.2010-01-12aUrban Green Council [pdf]http://www.urbangreencouncil.org/greencodes/Cities Go Greenhttp://www.citiesgogreen.com/U.S. Green Building Council: LEEDhttp://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CategoryID=19Charlottesville: A Green Cityhttp://www.charlottesville.or